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IPMnet NEWS January 2001, Issue no. 85 ISSN: 1523-7893 Š Copyright 2005 IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs I. IPM NEWS / APPLICATIONS international IPM news and programs Biotech Predicted to Reduce Pesticide Use A U.S. consulting firm predicts that within a decade biotechnology-based row crops will cause massive reductions in application of herbicides and insecticides (assumed to refer to usage in the U.S.). By the year 2009, biotech crops will be responsible for a 20 million kg. (45 million lb.) reduction in herbicide use, and a 6 million kg. (13 million lb.) annual decrease in insecticides according to projections by Kline & Company, Inc. The largest decrease, predicts the Kline group in an October 2000 press release, is expected to be for insecticide applied to maize. After resistance to Diabrotica spp. (corn rootworm) is incorporated into seeds that already resist Ostrinia nubilalis (European cornborers), Kline estimates that the insecticide market will drop by 70 percent. Insect-resistant cotton will also curtail insecticide use. *> L. Dansbury, Kline & Co., Linda_Dansbury@klinegroup.com. Website: www.klinegroup.com/Press/6_20001024.htm. GLOBAL IPM NOTES An international research team has cloned two proteins that regulate the level of insect juvenile hormone and which could lead to a new generation of insecticides that, while disrupting an insect's life cycle and preventing it from reaching adult form, would be harmless to vertebrates and humans (possessing no equivalent to these hormones). *> M. Robertson, Malcolm.Robertson@ento.csiro.au. The Phytopathology Dept. at the Swiss Institute of Plant Sciences has been sponsoring a plant "Disease of the Month" contest with those correctly identifying the pathogen (from a description and photos) winning a bottle of wine. It seemed that traffic on the website: www.pa.ipw.agrl.ethz.ch increased noticeably. *> U. Rosenberger, Ulrike.Rosenberger@ipw.agrl.ethz.ch. A new polymer-based seed coating that can "switch on or off" soil moisture absorption by a crop seed has shown promise for planting a second or relay crop in regions with a limited growing season, and may also have implications as a pest management tactic. *> Intellicoat, ABarbre@landecag.com . A grower found that hanging bars of strong-scented, deodorant bath soap from trees or posts


around the perimeter of a field deterred deer from entering and browsing. "The soap," noted M. Trierweiler,"is effective against deer," and also seems to discourage smaller vertebrates. The theory is that scent-sensitive animals associate the odor with humans. Or maybe they just don't fancy the aroma of Irish Spring. QUOTES "Detecting species associations is an important part of understanding ecological processes. Interspecific interactions among species that result in positive or negative associations include mutualism, competition, and predation. In agricultural ecology, describing interspecific associations is often a necessary first step in describing how species interactions affect crops." G.C. Jahn and J.W. Beardsley HAWAIIAN ENTOMOL., 34, 2000 back to top IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources II. IPM MEDLEY general matters, publications of interest, and other resources for IPM information Plant Disease Management Principles Nearly any crop is susceptible to disease, but as with other problems, an enlightened management approach can prevent or mitigate negative effects. The SOYBEAN DISEASE ATLAS, 2nd. edition, sets forth key disease management tactics or principles, intended for Glycine max (soybean), but which apply to many other cropping situations. Effective disease management utilizes an integrated approach incorporating multiple tactics. Of course, management strategies will vary depending on location, crop, and pathogen involved, so for specific strategies, a sound management plan includes consulting a local specialist. The recommended procedures follow, grouped under three headings: before planting, at planting, and after planting. Before Planting: Prevention is the fundamental key. The longer a crop can be maintained disease free, the lower the risks and costs of having to confront disease conditions. Practice sanitation. Keep equipment clean. Avoid possibilities of transferring soil or plant material from an infected area to a non-infected area. Clean off personal gear such as boots. Clean and sanitize pruning equipment. Practice crop rotation with other crops. Continuous culture allows pathogens to perpetuate and multiply. Rotation reduces the likelihood of pathogen survival and increase within a field, orchard, or paddock. Use deep plowing to bury plant debris. Many pathogens survive on crop debris left in an area between cropping seasons. Burying the debris hastens its decay and removes it from the planting zone. At Planting: Select disease-resistant cultivars. Plant resistance is the most efficient and least expensive disease management practice, though resistance to all known diseases is not available, and resistance may not last forever. Select and plant high quality, preferably certified seed or plants. Superior quality, certified seeds/plants reduce the possibility of introducing pathogens into an area, and also produce vigorous seedlings/plants that sustain less decay and disease. Prepare a proper seed bed. Assure correct planting depth, seeding rates, or other steps to promote


rapid seedling emergence and vigorous seedling growth so that seedlings/young plants avoid seed decay and seedling disease. After Planting: Practice sound agronomy/horticulture. That is, provide for moisture delivery and drainage; fertilize appropriately; and, manage weeds and pest insects to encourage vigorous healthy growth enabling young plants to escape disease and be more tolerant of pathogens. Apply a fungicide seed treatment (as needed). Fungicide seed treatments are relatively low cost and initially protect the seed and seedlings from seed-borne and soil-borne pathogens. Apply nematicides (as needed or recommended). Control of nematodes may be linked to disease prevention or reduction. Apply foliar fungicides (as needed). When disease pressure is high, foliar fungicide application, based on use of proper timing and application rates as specified on the container label, may be warranted and economically justified. excerpted with thanks from: SOYBEAN DISEASE ATLAS, 2nd. ed. P.D. Coyer, ed. Web: ipmwww.ncsu.edu/SSDW/soyatlas.htm. A World of Insects ** Of all species on earth, 73.5 percent are invertebrates, mostly arthropods. ** Insects make up more than half of all species alive today. ** It is estimated that there are about 10 quintillion (that's 10,000,000,000,000,000,000) insects alive at any time. ** It is estimated that about 20 percent of the crops grown for human consumption are eaten by herbivorous insects. ** Most arthropods are harmless, and offer benefits through creating byproducts, acting as pollinators, and providing food for other species; arthropods are also widely used in scientific research to help understand genetics, physiology, and animal behavior. ** The most fundamental role that millions of arthropods play is in helping maintain the balance of earth's ecosystems and food chains. excerpted (with permission and thanks) from G.C. McGavin's INSECTS, SPIDERS AND OTHER TERRESTRIAL ARTHROPODS, published by Dorling Kindersley. PUBLICATIONS AUTHORS, EDITORS, AND PUBLISHERS IPMnet NEWS welcomes mentioning any publication, or CD, focused on, or related to, IPM. To assure coverage, please send a review copy of the publication, with full information to: IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA

ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE An attractive and informative new (2000)


publication from the United Nations Environmental Program summarizes CASE STUDIES ON ALTERNATIVES TO METHYL BROMIDE - TECHNOLOGIES WITH LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, a major environmental and agricultural concern. This useful, softbound work presents 18 case studies from around the globe covering both control of soil-borne pests and pest species in commodities and structures. Each case starts with a "report card" detailing the problem, the pests involved, the alternative to methyl bromide that was employed, the involved costs, and comments. A narrative and photos follow with more information, concluding with references and sources of further information, plus a listing of a specific contact point for each case. The reader-friendly, 77-page volume is a positive addition to the quest for viable MeBr replacements. *> C.T. Mercado, DTIE, UNEP, Tour Mirabeau, 39-43 quai Andre Citroen, 75739 Paris-Cedex 15, FRANCE. E-mail: unep.tie@unep.fr. Fax: 33-1-443-71474. Phone: 33-1-443-71450. Web: www.uneptie.org. THE RITES OF MITES With more than 40,000 species described out of a possible one million that may inhabit planet earth mites may be one of the most prevalent classes of invertebrates. To examine the breadth of Class Arachnida, D.E. Walter and H.C. Proctor have written an intriguing new overview, MITES: ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION, AND BEHAVIOR, that aims to fill in some of gaps in understanding mites' grand diversity. The richly illustrated, graphically attractive hardbound work surveys mite life cycles and feeding and other behaviors, as well as host associations, evolution, and ecological implications. Dozens of diagrams and photos, plus hundreds of references, grace this 1999 work's 322 pages. *> CABI Publishing, CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8DE, UK. E-mail: CABI@cabi.org. Fax: 44-0-1491-833508. Phone: 44-0-1491-832111. Web: www.cabi.org. HISTORIC VIEW OF U.S. BIOCONTROL For well over a century the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has been involved with both research and application of natural enemies and other beneficial organisms to control a legion of crop pests. That pioneering effort continues today. Now, a massive new retrospective reviews 110 YEARS OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, 1893-1993, and in passing notes that USDA's work has saved "growers more than US billion during just the past decade." The 645-page, softbound, 2000 volume follows a chronological approach covering notable biocontrol research for insects, weeds, plant pathogens, and nematodes during selected time periods. Authors J.R. Coulson, et al, have pulled together an extensive collection of material, especially the particularly inclusive literature citation listings. *> Biological Control Doc. Ctr., USDA, ARS, NPS, NAL, 4th Floor, 10301 Baltimore Ave., Beltsville, MD 20705-2351, USA. Fax: 1-301-504-6355. E-mail: JCoulson@nal.usda.gov. Phone: 1-301-504-6350. INTRODUCED VERTEBRATE BECOMES SERIOUS PEST How many times has it happened? A bright idea, poorly thought out and fueled by visions of monetary gain, leads to importation of a species that finds a wonderful new habitat which it proceeds to ravage without the pressure of predation. For New Zealand's north island, the introduction in the 1850s of Trichosurus vulpecula, the brushtail possum, for the fur trade has created a vast environmental and financial problem through preying on native birds, damaging forests, and spreading bovine diseases. A 2000, hardbound volume written by 41 experts and edited by T.L. Montague, THE BRUSHTAIL POSSUM, is a comprehensive review of the "Biology, Impact and Management of an Introduced Marsupial." The 292-page work includes 25 chapters and numerous illustrations including full color photos. *> Manaaki Whenua Press, PO Box 40, Lincoln 8152, NEW ZEALAND. E-mail: mwpress@landcare.cri.nz. Fax: 64-3-325-2127. Phone: 64-3-325-6700. Web:


www.landcare.cri.nz/mwpress . PUBLICATION & CD NOTES NEW E-MAIL IPM NEWSLETTER The U.S. State of New York IPM Program has inaugurated a quarterly electronic NEWSLETTER FROM THE NEW YORK STATE INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PROGRAM with the first issue dated December 2000. The electronic version, an experiment to replace a previously printed newsletter, will highlight various activities including the latest developments in IPM tactics, personnel news, and new resources, according to Program director M.P. Hoffman. Its website is: www.nysaes.cornell.edu/ipmnet/ny/. Contact: M.P. Hoffman, MPH3@cornell.edu. Phone: 1-800-635-8356. HANDBOOK COVERS CHEMICALS For information on virtually every aspect of chemical pesticides, fertilizers, and related products from terminology to tolerances the FARM CHEMICALS HANDBOOK 2000 is one of the most comprehensive, all-in-one sources available. Each year, this massive tome collects and classifies more referenced, cross-referenced, and cataloged data ranging from biocontrols and enhanced seed dictionaries to environmental compliance rules. While primarily aimed at the U.S., a large share of the Handbook's information is applicable universally. *> Meister Publishing Co., 37733 Euclid Ave., Willoughby, OH 44094-5992, USA. E-mail: fchb_circ@meisternet.com. Fax: 1-440-942-0662. Phone: 1-440-942-2000. Web: www.meisterpro.com. OTHER RESOURCES PLANT PATHOGENS PROFILED A Northwestern U.S. university plant clinic has developed over 1,300 plant disease profiles describing specific pathogens and suggesting management tactics. While targeted to regional conditions, the information, often illustrating life cycles and listing references, could be useful in other locales. Oregon State Univ. (OSU) extension plant pathology specialist J.W. Pscheidt notes that most of these "Clinic Close-up" fact sheets can be found in either the OSU Online Guide to Plant Disease Control , or in the printed 2000 PNW PLANT DISEASE HANDBOOK. However, Dr. Pscheidt indicated a willingness to discuss arrangements to have the clinic respond to special requests. *> J.W. Pscheidt, OSU Plant Clinic, Cordley Hall 1089, OSU, Corvallis, OR 97331-2903, USA. E-mail: PScheidJ@bcc.orst.edu. Fax: 1-541-737-2412. Phone: 1-541-737-3472. TIPS FOR UTILIZING A BENEFICIAL The U.S. Agricultural Research Service has posted on its website www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2000/001030.beetlefacts.htm a fact sheet about the beneficial insect, Harmonia axyridis (multicolored Asian lady beetle), including instructions and a schematic plan for building an indoor blacklight trap to capture flying beetles. The trap proved effective in tests and did not harm the beetles caught. H. axyridis feeds on crop-damaging insects like aphids, scales, and other soft-bodied arthropods. *> T.E. Cottrell, TCottrell@saa.ars.usda.gov. PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES PERENNIAL CROPS IPM SPECIALIST, Parlier, CA, USA. *** Conduct basic and applied research aimed at reducing impact of insect pests of vineyard, deciduous tree fruit, and nut crops in commercial agricultural systems through novel and traditional IPM strategies (40 percent); extend research to diverse clientele (60 percent). Requires: PhD in entomology and experience in IPM. Contact: J.D. Pinto, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA. E-mail: John.Pinto@ucr.edu. Web: www.entomology.ucr.edu/. EQUIPMENT & MATERIALS PEST POSTERS PRODUCED An Australian firm is marketing a set of two horizontal format, 97 cm (38 in.) by 65 cm (26 in.) plastic laminated wall posters, "Fruit Flies of Australia," and "Fruit Flies of Australia 2." The set illustrates 22 species of fruit fly including those that are commercially important as well as


several other categories. The full color posters offer additional information about habit, distribution, crops attacked, and fruit fly eradication/suppression. A third, same size poster, in vertical format, covers "Insect and Mite Pests of Bananas in Australia," with a wealth of illustrations and data. *> Scientific Advisory Services Pty Ltd., PO Box 1056, Tully, QLD 4854, AUSTRALIA. E-mail: Richard@saspl.com.au. Fax: 61-07-4065-4991. Phone: 61-07-4065-4975. Web: www.saspl.com.au/. back to top IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM III. RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS categories and topics related to IPM. IPMnet NEWS will gladly provide the postal address for any first author mentioned in the titles that follow. E-mail requests to: IPMnet@bcc.orst.edu. This Month's SELECTED TITLES (broadly grouped by pest or tactic categories). General "Pest Control by the Introduction of a Conditional Lethal Trait on Multiple Loci: Potential, Limitations, and Optimal Strategies," Schliekelman, P., and F. Gould. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 93(6), 1543-1565, December 2000. Biocontrol "Biological Control of the Noogoora Burr Complex with Alternaria zinniae: Environmental Conditions Favouring Disease," Nehl, D.B., and J.F. Brown. AUSTRALASIAN PLANT PATH., 29(2), 71-80, 2000. "Uso de Beauveria bassiana para el Control de Bemisia argentifolii en Melon," Orozco-Santos, M., et al. MAN. INTEG. DE PLAGAS, 56, 45-51, Junio 2000. Phytopathology "Effect of Cassava Mosaic Disease, Soil Fertility, Plant Spacing and their Interactions on Cassava Yields in Zanzibar," Spittel, M.C., and A. VanHuis. INTL. JRNL. OF PEST MGMT., 46(3), 187-194, July-September 2000. "Evaluating Faba Beans for Resistance to Ascochyta Blight Using Detached Organs," Kohpina, S., et al. AUSTRAL. JRNL. OF EXP. AGRIC., 40(5), 707-714, 2000. Weed Management "Economic Comparison of Broadcast and Site-specific Herbicide Applications in Nontransgenic and Glyphosate-tolerant Glycine max," Medlin, C.R., and D.R. Shaw. WEED SCI., 48(5), 653-661, 2000. "Effect of Adjuvants on Control of Nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus and C. rotundus) by Imazapic and Imasethapyr," Grichar, W.J., and D.C. Sestak. CROP PROT., 19(7), 461-465, August 2000. "The Relation Between Densities and Frequencies of Weeds in Arable Fields," Brix, A., and C. Andreasen. JRNL. OF AGRIC. BIOL. AND ENVIRON. STATS., 5(3), 372- , September 2000. Entomology "Assessment of Insecticide Resistance in Five Insect Pests Attacking Field and Vegetable Crops in Nicaragua," Perez, C.J., et al. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 93(6),


1779-1787, December 2000. "Maize Cob Rot in Kenya and its Association with Stalk Borer Damage," Ajanga, S., and R.J. Hillocks. CROP PROT. 19(5), 297-300, June 2000. "The Compatibility of the Entomopathogenic Nematode, Steinernema feltiae, and Chemical Insecticides for the Control of the South American Leafminer, Liriomyza huidobrensis," Head, J., et al. BIOCON., 45(3), 345-353, September 2000. "Toxicity of Insecticides to Obliquebanded Leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana, Larvae and Adults Exposed Previously to Neem Seed Oil," Lowery, D.T., and M.J. Smirle. ENTOMO. EXP. ET APPLI., 95(2), 201-208, May 2000.

back to top U.S. REGIONAL IPM CENTERS AND THE IPM-CRSP --- news, developments back to top U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP) back to top IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global IV. CALENDAR a global listng of forthcoming IPM-related events (conferences, training courses, symposia, etc.) Information was collected from, and supplied by, various sources; IPMnet expresses its appreciation to all. NOTE: this issue of the NEWS contains both Calendar 1, (events new to the Calendar, or listing revised information) and Calendar 2 (All Previously Listed Events). Additional information can be found at the website: www.IPMnet.org. New and Revised listings Previously Listed events See also AgNIC's Agricultural Conferences, Meetings, Seminars Calendar

IPMnet Calendar 1 (N)EW, or (R)EVISED entries only

In 2001 (N) 13-15 March GIANT SALVINIA CONFERENCE, Houston, TX, USA. Contact: B. Pitman, FWS-ANS, PO Box 1306, Rm 3118, Albuquerque, NM 87103-1306, USA E-mail: Bob_Pitman@fws.gov Phone: 1-505-248-6471 Website: www.giantsalvinia.org


(N) 02-05 July 13th ENTOMOLOGICAL CONGRESS (SOUTH AFRICA), Pietermaritzburgh, KwaZulu-Natal, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: D.J. Brothers, Brothers@nu.ac.za Phone: 27-0-33-260-5106 (N) 02-06 September 3RD EUROPEAN VERTEBRATE PEST MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, Kibbutz Ma'ale Hachamisha, ISRAEL. Contact: Ortra Ltd, PO Box 9352, Tel Aviv 61092, ISRAEL E-mail: vert@ortra.co.il Fax: 972-3-638-4455 (N) 18-21 September 3RD MEETING, IOBC/WRPS WORKING GROUP "INTEGRATED PLANT PROTECTION IN ORCHARDS," Dundee, Scotland, UK. Contact: S.C. Gordon, SCRI, Invergowrie, Dundee, Scotland DD2 5DA, UK E-mail: SC.Gordon@scri.sari.ac.uk Fax: 44-0-1382-562426 Phone: 44-0-1382-562731 Web: www.scri.sari.ac.uk/assoc/IOBC2001/ (N) 12 November THE WORLD'S WORST WEEDS, Brighton, UK. One day symposium preceding WEEDS 2001 BCPC Conference; ... and .... (N) 13-14 November PESTICIDE BEHAVIOR IN SOILS AND WATER, Brighton, UK. Research symposium in conjunction with WEEDS 2001 BCPC Conference. Contact: The Event Organization, 8 Cotswold Mews, Battersea Sq., London SWll 3RA, UK E-mail: eventorg@event-org.com Fax: 44-171-924-1790 Website: www.BCPC.org (N) 03-09 December 2ND AFRICAN ACAROLOGY SYMPOSIUM, Nairobi, KENYA. Theme: "Novel Approaches to Tick and Mite Management in the New Millennium." Contact: M. Knapp, ICIPE, P.O. Box 30772, Nairobi, KENYA E-mail: MKnapp@icipe.org Fax: 254-2-860110 In 2002 (N) 19-20 February CROP PROTECTION IN NORTHERN BRITAIN 2002, Dundee, Scotland, UK. Contact: T. Heilbronn, CPNB, SCRI, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK E-mail: T.Heilbronn@scri.sari.ac.uk Fax: 44-01-382-562426 Phone: 44-01-382-562731 Web: www.scri.sari.ac.uk/assoc/cpnb2002.htm (N) 08-11 May IPM IN GLASSHOUSES MEETING, IOBC WP&N Working Groups, Victoria, BC, CANADA. Contact: D.R. Gillespie, Pacific Agri-Food Rsch. Ctr, PO Box 1000, Agassiz, BC V0M 1A0, CANADA E-mail: GillespieD@em.agr.ca Fax: 1-604-796-0359 (R) 08-12 September New e-mail * 13th AUSTRALIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, Perth, WA, AUSTRALIA. Contact: 13th AWC, PO Box 257, South Perth, 6951 WA, AUSTRALIA E-mail: convlink@iinet.net.au Fax: 61-8-9450-2942 Phone: 61-8-9450-1662 In 2003 (N) No date ANNUAL MEETING, SOCIETY OF NEMATOLOGISTS, Ithaca, NY, USA. Contact: W. Brodie, USDA-ARS, Dept. of Plant Path., 334 Plant Science, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, USA E-mail: BBB2@cornell.edu Fax: 1-607-255-4471 Phone: 1-607-272-3745


In 2004 no new or revised entries.

IPMnet Calendar 2 PREVIOUSLY LISTED entries for 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2004 Current as of January 2001

2001 11-15 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Greensboro, NC, USA. Contact: WSSA, J. Breithaupt, PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044, USA E-mail: jbreith@allenpress.com Fax: 1-913-843-1274 Phone: 1-913-843-1235 28 February-03 March EUROPEAN WHITEFLY SYMPOSIUM, Ragusa, Sicily, ITALY. Contact: EWSN Office, JIC, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK E-mail: network.ewsn@bbsrc.ac.uk Fax: 44-0-1603-456844 Phone: 44-0-1603-452571 Website: www.jic.bbsrc.ac.uk/hosting/ewsn 25 February-02 March GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE ON PLANT HERBIVORE INTERACTIONS, Ventura, CA, USA. Contact: J. Schultz, Dept. of Entomology, Penn. State Univ., Univ. Park, PA 16802, USA E-mail: UJQ@psu.edu 05-08 March 2ND AUSTRALASIAN SOILBORNE DISEASE SYMPOSIUM, Lorne, VIC, AUSTRALIA. Contact: The Conference Organisers Pty. Ltd., PO Box 1127, Sandringham, VIC 3191, AUSTRALIA E-mail: conforg@ozemail.com.au Fax: 61-3-952-18889 Phone: 61-3-952-18881 13-15 March GIANT SALVINIA CONFERENCE, Houston, TX, USA. Contact: B. Pitman, FWS-ANS, PO Box 1306, Rm 3118, Albuquerque, NM 87103-1306, USA E-mail: Bob_Pitman@fws.gov Phone: 1-505-248-6471 Website: www.giantsalvinia.org 15-16 March FIRST INTERNATIONAL KNAPWEED SYMPOSIUM OF THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY, Coeur d'Alene, ID, USA. Contact: L. Wilson, Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844, USA E-mail: LWilson@uidaho.edu Phone: 1-208-885-9489 Web: www.sidney.ars.usda.gov/knapweed/ 18 March-30 June INTERNATIONAL COURSE ON INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. Contact: H.A.I. Stoetzer, PO Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS Fax: 31-317-495395 E-mail: iac@iac.agro.nl Phone: 31-317-495353 Web: www.iac-agro.nl 21-23 March 2001 AN INTERNATIONAL WEED ODYSSEY, An International Invasive Exotic Species Conference, Athens, GA, USA. Contact: C. McCormick, Inst. of Ecol., Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA E-mail: cheryl@arches.uga.edu Fax: 1-706-542-4819 Phone: 1-706-542-2968 Web: www.ecology.uga.edu/


11 April-17 May FAO/IAEA INTER-REGIONAL TRAINING COURSE, "The Use of the Sterile Insect and Related Techniques for the Integrated Area-wide Management of Insect Pests," Gainesville, FL, USA. (See details in "Other Resources" section.) Contact: A. Kellner, PO Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, AUSTRIA E-mail: A.Kellner@iaea.org Fax: 43-1-26007 08 May 53RD INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CROP PROTECTION, Coupure Links, Ghent, BELGIUM. Contact: P. DeClercq, Dept. of Crop Protection, Univ. of Ghent, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, BELGIUM E-mail: Patrick.DeClercq@rug.ac.be Fax: 32-9-264-6239 Phone: 32-9-264-6158 12-15 May 6TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ECOPARASITES OF PESTS, Ballina, IRELAND. Contact: M. Murphy, Biological Laboratories Europe Ltd., Carrentrila, Ballina, Co. Mayo, IRELAND E-mail: ballina@biolabs.iol.ie Phone: 353-096-70355 14-18 May NORTH AMERICAN FOREST INSECT WORK CONFERENCE, "Boreal Odyssey," Edmonton, AL, CANADA. Contact: J.R. Spence, Biol. Sci., Univ. of Alberta, 114 St.-89 Ave., Edmonton, AL T6G 2M7, CANADA E-mail: John.Spence@ualberta.ca Phone: 1-780-492-3003 Web: nofc.cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/nafiwc/ 14-18 May 13TH INTL. REINHARDSBRUNN SYMPOSIUM, "MODERN FUNGICIDES AND ANTIFUNGAL COMPOUNDS," Friedrichroda, GERMANY. Contact: H-W. Dehne, Inst. for Plant Diseases, Univ. of Bonn, Nussallee 9, D-53115 Bonn, GERMANY E-mail: Reinhardsbrunn@uni-bonn.de Fax: 49-228-739627 Phone: 49-228-732-444 Web: www.uni-bonn.de/pk/reinhardsbrunn/ 15 May-30 June INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR PLANT PATHOLOGY INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUM (on-line). Contact: T.M. Stewart, Massey Univ., Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North, NEW ZEALAND. E-mail: T.Stewart@massey.ac.nz. Fax: 64-06-350-5639. Phone: 64-06-350-6236. Web: www.ISPP-ITsymposium.org.nz/. 20-24 May 15TH NEMATOLOGICAL CONGRESS, "Integrated Nematode Control in the New Millennium," Skukuza, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: M. Daneel, ARC-ITSC, Private Bag X11208, Nelspruit 1200, SOUTH AFRICA E-mail: mieke@itsc.agric.za Fax: 27-13-752-3854 Phone: 27-13-753-2071 Web: www.agnic.org/mtg/2001/15nc.html 28 May-02 June 18TH ASIA-PACIFIC WEED SCIENCE CONFERENCE, Beijing, CHINA. Contact: C. Zhang, APWSC, Institute of Plant Protection, CAAS, No. 2 West Yuanmingyuan Rd., Beijing 100094, CHINA. E-mail: CXZhang@public east.cn.net. Phone: 86-10-6281-5908. Web: www.wssc.org.cn. 01-06 June INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT, as part of the Pacific Science Intercongress, Guam, USA. Contact: R. Muniappan RMuni@uog9.uog.edu 03-07 June 7TH SYMPOSIUM OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL (VII Siconbiol), Po!os de Caldas,


MG, BRAZIL. Contact: e-mail siconbio@ufla.br Website: www2.ufla.br/~siconbio 04-08 June PESTS AND VECTORS MANAGEMENT FOR FOOD SECURITY AND PUBLIC HEALTH IN AFRICA: CHALLENGES FOR THE 21ST CENTURY, joint meeting of African Association of Insect Scientists and Crop Protection Society of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA. Contact: AAIS, AAIS@icipe.org 04-08 June 7TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON PARASITIC WEEDS, Nantes, FRANCE. Contact: P. Thalouarn, Groupe de Phys. et Path. Veg., Univ. de Nantes, 2 rue de la Houssiniere, 44300 Nantes, FRANCE E-mail: Patrick.Thalouarn@svt.univ-nantes.fr Fax: 33-02-511-25612 Phone: 33-02-511-25619 Web: www.sciences.univ-nantes.fr/scnat/biologie/GPPV.web/congres.html 10-14 June 4TH INTERNATIONAL NEMATOLOGY SYMPOSIUM IN RUSSIA, Moscow, RUSSIA. Contact: A. Ryss, Zool. Inst. RAS, Universitskaya emb. 1, St. Petersburg 199034, RUSSIA Fax: 7-812-323-6955 E-mail: AlexRyss@AR4280.spb.edu Phone: 7-812-328-0611 Web: www.ianr.unl.edu/son/nsf01inf.html 11-15 June IV INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR ON PLANT PROTECTION, Varadero, CUBA. Concurrent meetings include: - XI Latin American Workshop on White fly-Geminivirus: - 33rd Annual meeting of the Nematologist Organization of the American Tropics (ONTA); - 41st Annual Meeting of the Phytopathologist Society-Caribbean Division (APS-DC); - VII International Pest Ants Symposium; and, - II Latinamerican Congress of Neotropical Region Section of the International Organization of Biological Control. Contact: I.S. Ramirez, CP 11600, Playa, Ciudad de la Habana, CUBA E-mail: inisav@ceniai.inf.cu FAX: 537-24-0535 July 3RD INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON WHITEFLIES, Norwich, UK. Contact: W.A. Jones, USDA-ARS, 2413 E. Highway 83, Weslaco, TX 78596, USA E-mail: w-jones@pop.tamu.edu Fax: 1-956-969-4888 Phone: 1-956-969-4803 July AQUATIC PLANT MANAGEMENT SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Minneapolis, MN, USA. Contact: R. Gunkel Gunkelr@wes.army.mil 02-05 July 13th ENTOMOLOGICAL CONGRESS (SOUTH AFRICA), Pietermaritzburgh, KwaZulu-Natal, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: D.J. Brothers, Brothers@nu.ac.za Phone: 27-0-33-260-5106 08-12 July SCLEROTINIA 2001: 11TH INTERNATIONAL SCLEROTINIA WORKSHOP, York, UK. Contact: N. Hardwick, Central Science Lab., Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK Fax: 44-0-1904-462111 E-mail: nigel.hardwick@csl.gov.uk 02-05 August SYMPOSIUM ON THE PRACTICE OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL: IMPORTATION AND MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL ENEMIES IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM, Bozeman, Montana, USA. Contact: T. Kring, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of


Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA E-mail: tkring@comp.uark.edu Phone: 1-501-575-3186 13-17 August 6TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ADJUVANTS FOR AGROCHEMICALS, Amsterdam, THE NETHERLANDS. Contact: H. de Ruiter, ISAA 2001 Foundation, PO Box 83, NL-6870 AA Renkum, THE NETHERLANDS E-mail: h.deruiter@isaa2001.com Fax: 31-317-350-812 Web: www.isaa2001.com 14-17 August 4TH ASIA PACIFIC CONFERENCE ON ENTOMOLOGY, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA. Contact: I.A. Ghani, School of Env. & Nat. Res. Sci., Fac. of Sci./Tech., Univ. Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor D.E., MALAYSIA E-mail: IdrisGh@ukm.my Web: www.mapps.org.my/mapps/APCE.html 19-22 August INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ORTHOPTEROID INSECTS, Montpellier, FRANCE. Contact: Le Corum, Service Congress, Esplanade Charles de Gaulle, BP 2200, 34027 Montpellier Cedex 1, FRANCE E-mail: gestion@corum-montpellier.com Fax: 33-(0)4-67-61-6684 Phone: 33-(0)4-67-61-6761 Web: os2001.cirad.fr 25-29 August SOCIETY OF NEMATOLOGISTS ANNUAL MEETING, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Contact: A.P. Nyczepir, USDA-ARS, 21 Dunbar Rd., Byron, GA 31008, USA E-mail: anyczepir@byronresearch.net Fax: 1-912-956-2929 Phone: 1-912-956-6438 25-29 August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETTING, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Website: www.scisoc.org 02-06 September 3RD EUROPEAN VERTEBRATE PEST MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, Kibbutz Ma'ale Hachamisha, ISRAEL. Contact: Ortra Ltd, PO Box 9352, Tel Aviv 61092, ISRAEL E-mail: vert@ortra.co.il Fax: 972-3-638-4455 06-07 September 3RD ASIA PACIFIC CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE, New Delhi, INDIA. Contact: P.P. Dave, PMFAI, B-4, Anand Co-op Housing Soc., Sitladevi Temple Rd., Mahim (W), Mumbai 400-016, INDIA E-mail: PMFAI@bom4.vsnl.net.in Phone: 91-11-6960338 Web: www.pmfai.org 09-14 September 3RD EUROPEAN VERTEBRATE PEST MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, Kibbutz Ma'ale Hachamisha, ISRAEL. Contact: Ortra Ltd., PO Box 9352, Tel Aviv 61092, ISRAEL E-mail: vert@ortra.co.il Fax: 972-3-683-4455 Phone: 972-3-683-4444 Website: ortra.com/vertebrate/ 11-14 September DYNAMICS OF FOREST INSECT POPULATIONS (IUFRO, Div. 7), Aberdeen, Scotland, UK. Joint mtg. with Royal Entom. Soc. Contact: A.D. Watt, Banchory Resch. Stn., Hill of Brathens, Glassel Banchory AB31 4BY, UK E-mail: ADW@ite.ac.uk Fax: 44-0-1330-823303 Phone: 44-0-1330-826344 Web: iufro.boku.ac.at/iufro/iufronet/d7/wu70307/aberdeen_firstannounce.htm


12-15 September 6th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT OF ALIEN PLANT INVASIONS (EMAPi) 2001, Leicestershire, UK. Contact: L.E. Child, Centre for Environmental Studies, Loughborough Univ., Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK E-mail: L.E.Child@lboro.ac.uk Phone: 44-(0)1-509-222558 18-21 September 3RD MEETING, IOBC/WRPS WORKING GROUP "INTEGRATED PLANT PROTECTION IN ORCHARDS," Dundee, Scotland, UK. Contact: S.C. Gordon, SCRI, Invergowrie, Dundee, Scotland DD2 5DA, UK E-mail: SC.Gordon@scri.sari.ac.uk Fax: 44-0-1382-562426 Phone: 44-0-1382-562731 Web: www.scri.sari.ac.uk/assoc/IOBC2001/ 23-26 September RESISTANCE 2001: MEETING THE CHALLENGE, Rothamsted, Harpenden, Herts, UK. Will review the latest research on the origins, nature, development, and prevention of resistance to insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides. Contact: Resistance 2001 Secretariat, IACR-Rothamsted, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK E-mail: res.2001@bbsrc.ac.uk Fax: 44-0-1582-760981 Web: www.iacr.bbsrc.ac.uk/iacr/tmeeting.html Phone: 44-0-1582-763133 24-27 September 13TH BIENNIAL AUSTRALASIAN PLANT PATHOLOGY SOCIETY CONFERENCE, Cairns, AUSTRALIA. Contact: S. Denyer, Center for Trop. Agric., PO Box 1054, Mareeba, QLD 4880, AUSTRALIA E-mail: denyers@dpi.qld.gov.au Fax: 61-7-4092-3593 08-12 October 9TH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON FIRE BLIGHT, Napier, NEW ZEALAND. Contact: C.N. Hale, HortResearch, Private Bag 92169, Auckland, NEW ZEALAND E-mail: CHales@hort.cri.nz Fax: 64-9-815-4207 Phone: 64-9-815-4200 Website: www.hort.cri.nz/confer/fireblight2001.htm 21-24 October JOINT ANNUAL MEETING, ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETIES OF CANADA and ONTARIO, Niagara Falls, ON, CANADA. Contact: C.S. Dupree, Dept. of Environ. Biol., Univ. of Guelph, Guild, ON N1G 2W1, CANADA E-mail: CSDupree@evbhort.uoguelph.ca Phone: 1-519-824-4120 November BRIGHTON CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE 2001, Brighton, UK. Contact: The Event Organization, 8 Cotswold Mews, Battersea Square, London SWll 3RA, UK E-mail: eventorg@event-org.com Fax: 44-171-924-1790 Website: www.BCPC.org 06-09 November INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT OF PESTICIDES AND INTEGRATED PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, Kathmandu, NEPAL. Contact: A. Herrmann, K-IPM Conf., Inst. of Geog. and Geoecol., Tech. Univ. Braunschweig, Langer Kamp 19c, D-38106 Braunschweig, GERMANY E-mail: ipmktm@tu-bs.de Fax: 49-531-391-8170 Web: www.tu-bs.de/institute/igg/physhyd/conference.html 12 November THE WORLD'S WORST WEEDS, Brighton, UK. One day symposium preceding WEEDS 2001 BCPC Conference; ... and ....


13-14 November PESTICIDE BEHAVIOR IN SOILS AND WATER, Brighton, UK. Research symposium in conjunction with WEEDS 2001 BCPC Conference. Contact: The Event Organization, 8 Cotswold Mews, Battersea Sq., London SWll 3RA, UK E-mail: eventorg@event-org.com Fax: 44-171-924-1790 Website: www.BCPC.org 26-29 November 4TH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON DIAMONDBACK MOTH AND OTHER CRUCIFER PESTS, Melbourne, AUSTRALIA. Contact: F. Campbell, Conference Management, Univ. of Melbourne, VIC 3010, AUSTRALIA E-mail: fionacam@unimelb.edu.au Fax: 61-3-8344-6122. Web: www.studentadmin.unimelb.edu.au/moth/ 03-09 December 2ND AFRICAN ACAROLOGY SYMPOSIUM, Nairobi, KENYA. Theme: "Novel Approaches to Tick and Mite Management in the New Millennium." Contact: M. Knapp, ICIPE, P.O. Box 30772, Nairobi, KENYA E-mail: MKnapp@icipe.org Fax: 254-2-860110 09-13 December ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, San Diego, CA, USA. Contact: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham, MD 20706-3115, USA E-mail: esa@entsoc.org Fax: 1-301-731-4538 Website: www.entsoc.org Phone: 1-301-731-4535 2002 10-13 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Reno, NV, USA. Contact: WSSA, J. Breithaupt, PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044, USA E-mail: jbreith@allenpress.com Fax: 1-913-843-1274 Phone: 1-913-843-1235 19-20 February CROP PROTECTION IN NORTHERN BRITAIN 2002, Dundee, Scotland, UK. Contact: T. Heilbronn, CPNB, SCRI, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK E-mail: T.Heilbronn@scri.sari.ac.uk Fax: 44-01-382-562426 Phone: 44-01-382-562731 Web: www.scri.sari.ac.uk/assoc/cpnb2002.htm 11-13 March 5TH WORKSHOP, EUROPEAN WEED RESEARCH SOCIETY WORKING GROUP ON PHYSICAL AND CULTURAL WEED CONTROL, Pisa, ITALY. Contact: P. Barberi, Scuola Superiore di Studi Univ. Perfezionamento S. Anna, Via G. Carducci 40, 56127 Pisa, ITALY Fax: 39-050-883-215 E-mail: Barberi@sssup.it Phone: 39-050-883-449 May IOBC WORKSHOP: BIOCONTROL AGENTS MODES OF ACTION AND THEIR INTERACTION WITH OTHER MEANS OF CONTROL, Kudadasi, TURKEY. Contact: Y. Elad, ARO, Volcani Ctr., PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, ISRAEL E-mail: elady@netvision.net.il Fax: 972-3-968-3688 Web: www.agri.gov.il/Depts/IOBCPP/IOBCPP.html 08-11 May IPM IN GLASSHOUSES MEETING, IOBC WP&N Working Groups, Victoria, BC, CANADA. Contact: D.R. Gillespie, Pacific Agri-Food Rsch. Ctr, PO Box 1000, Agassiz, BC V0M 1A0, CANADA E-mail: GillespieD@em.agr.ca Fax: 1-604-796-0359 June 12TH EUROPEAN WEED RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM, Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS. Contact: EWRS Symposium 2002, c/o Organisation Bureau ISa, Markweg 17, NL-6871 KW Renkum, THE NETHERLANDS E-mail: ingrid.sanderson@wxs.nl Website: www.ewrs.org 04-09 August 10TH IUPAC INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON THE CHEMISTRY OF


CROP PROTECTION, Basle, SWITZERLAND. Contact: M. Haeuselmann, c/o Novartis CP AG, WRO-1060.1.42, CH-4002 Basel, SWITZERLAND E-mail: Marlies.Haeuselmann@cp.novartis.com Fax: 41-61-697-7472 Phone: 41-61-697-4507 Web: www.cp.novartis.com/iupac2002/ August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Milwaukee, WI, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Website: www.scisoc.org 08-12 September 13th AUSTRALIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, Perth, WA, AUSTRALIA. Contact: 13th AWC, PO Box 257, South Perth, 6951 WA, AUSTRALIA E-mail: convlink@iinet.net.au Fax: 61-8-9450-2942 Phone: 61-8-9450-1662 08-13 September 11TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ACAROLOGY, Merida, MEXICO. Contact: J.B. Morales-Malacara, XI ICA Secretary, Lab. de Acarologia, Dept. de Biologia, Fac. de Ciencias, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Coyoacan 04510 DF, MEXICO E-mail: JBMM@hp.fciencias.unam.mx Fax: 52-5-622-4828 Phone: 52-5-622-4923 November 4TH INTERNATIONAL NEMATOLOGY CONGRESS, Tenerife, Canary Islands, SPAIN. Contact: Congress Organizer, congress@ifns.org Web: www.ifns.org November BRIGHTON CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE 2002, Brighton, UK. Contact: The Event Organization, 8 Cotswold Mews, Battersea Square, London SWll 3RA, UK E-mail: eventorg@event-org.com Fax: 44-171-924-1790 Website: www.BCPC.org 10-15 December ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Contact: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham, MD 20706-3115, USA Fax: 1-301-731-4538 Phone: 1-301-731-4535 E-mail: esa@entsoc.org Website: www.entsoc.org 2003 No date ANNUAL MEETING, SOCIETY OF NEMATOLOGISTS, Ithaca, NY, USA. Contact: W. Brodie, USDA-ARS, Dept. of Plant Path., 334 Plant Science, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, USA E-mail: BBB2@cornell.edu Fax: 1-607-255-4471 Phone: 1-607-272-3745 02-08 February 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PLANT PATHOLOGY, Christchurch, NEW ZEALAND. Contact: ICPP2003 Conference Secretariat, PDG, PO Box 84, Lincoln Univ., Canterbury, NZ E-mail: icpp2003@lincoln.ac.nz Fax: 64-3-325-3840 Phone: 64-3-325-2811 Website: www.lincoln.ac.nz/icpp2003/ 06-11 July 15TH INTERNATIONAL PLANT PROTECTION CONGRESS, Beijing, CHINA. Contact: W. Liping, Inst. of Plant Prot., Chinese Acad. of Agric. Sci., #2 West Yuanmingyuan Rd., Beijing 100094, CHINA E-mail: cspp@ipmchina.cn.net Fax: 86-10-628-95451 Website: www.ipmchina.cn.net/ippc 09-13 August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Charlotte, NC, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Website: www.scisoc.org


26-30 October ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Cincinnati, OH, USA. Contact: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham, MD 20706-3115, USA E-mail: esa@entsoc.org Fax: 1-301-731-4538 Website: www.entsoc.org Phone: 1-301-731-4535. November BRIGHTON CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE 2003, Brighton, UK. Contact: The Event Organization, 8 Cotswold Mews, Battersea Square, London SWll 3RA, UK E-mail: eventorg@event-org.com Fax: 44-171-924-1790 Website: www.BCPC.org 2004 Date unspecified 4TH INTERNATIONAL WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, Durban, SOUTH AFRICA. 24-28 July AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Spokane, WA, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail: aps@scisoc.org Fax: 1-612-454-0766. Website: www.scisoc.org 07-11 November ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Contact: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham, MD 20706-3115, USA Fax: 1-301-731-4538 E-mail: esa@entsoc.org Website: www.entsoc.org

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GLOBAL IPM NOTES An international research team has cloned two proteins that regulate the level of insect juvenile hormone and which could l...