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April 1998, Issue no. 52 ISSN: 1523-7893 Š Copyright 2005 IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs I. IPM NEWS / APPLICATIONS international IPM news and programs Sub-Saharan IPM Communication Promoted IPM's future in sub-Saharan Africa gained impetus when more than 80 international scientists and IPM specialists gathered 1-6 March 1998 at Nairobi, KENYA, during the "Integrated Pest Management Communications and Information Workshop for Eastern and Southern Africa," (ICWESA) to explore ways in which access to electronic mail and the Internet could enhance and expedite IPM communication and knowledge transfer in sub-Saharan Africa. Attendees included key personnel involved in IPM extension, implementation, and research representing national and international programs, as well as non-governmental organizations, farmers and their representatives, the commercial private sector, and electronic information specialists. The venue was the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology. The Workshop's ultimate aim, a program spokesman noted, was to help facilitate delivery of IPM information throughout the region to improve development and implementation of IPM by farmers in collaboration with research and extension intermediaries. A workshop website and laboratory was set up to enable both participants, and other interested persons, to read regular reports on deliberations and feed in contributions electronically before and during the workshop. Information developed at the Workshop is available on its website: The pilot workshop culminated 18 months of planning, carried out principally through e-mail, and was the first step towards making the information available to the end users. The event involved sponsorship and participation of a broad coalition of organizations, principally organized by the IPM Partnership (IPMForum, IPMEurope, CICP, and the International Research Center's Special Programs in IPM), with funds provided by Dutch and U.S. government agencies. excerpted from a draft report by Workshop Organizers. Resurgence of Phytopthora infestans After more than 150 years, the fungus responsible for the Irish Potato Famine in the 1840s is back as a virulent strain that is causing widespread crop devastation in the U.S. while posing a continuing challenge to plant pathologists. Agricultural scientists are finding strains of the fungus, Phytopthora infestans, better known as late blight, difficult to control, says W. Fry, a Cornell Univ. (USA) professor of plant pathology. Fry believes the new strain of the fungus is a greater threat to potato and tomato crops in the U.S.

and Canada than were previous strains because it is resistant to the most effective fungicide, and because the strain is more aggressive. As one response, the American Phytopathological Society (APS) has established an on-line information clearinghouse that marshals the most comprehensive information available. The APS response is an interactive, educational website at that includes historical impacts of late blight, and highlights from key research articles. It also presents an online curriculum and offers links to other key late blight information and is aimed at concentrating as much background and technical information as possible. Dr. Fry also pointed out that, "Massive educational and international research efforts are essential," and that a feasible strategy to effectively control late blight can only be developed through the continued global research and collaboration. The APS website's late blight feature is expected to only be available for a limited time.

back to top IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources II. IPM MEDLEY general information, publications of interest, and other resources for IPM information Special Feature Section INITIATIVES TO SPUR IPM ADOPTION Integrated pest management: in theory and practice it's a worthy concept. But despite positive results from accelerating lab and trial research and innovative field application, the pace of broad, universal adoption of IPM strategies by growers remains sluggish. Among several fundamental reasons why are: resentment of imposed technologies ("from above," or by "governmental edict"); fear of crop loss, or risk of financial disaster; societal implications (running counter to established norms); and consumer/market demands (crop visual characteristics and other quality control concerns). Several ongoing efforts, plus some realistic new thinking, are aimed at unblocking massive IPM adoption. While differing in approach, the three initiatives briefly cited (below) focus on human elements all too often ignored when encouraging adoption of something new and possibly unfamiliar. IPMnet NEWS welcomes reader comment on this important topic. Farmers Involved in their Own Future One of the more encouraging successes for gaining IPM acceptance, particularly by smaller-plot farmers in less developed areas, hinges on a dual thrust of organizing farmer field schools to acquaint farmers with basic concepts of alternative pest management techniques, and then involving the farmers themselves in developing strategies that fit their individual needs. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, among others, utilized this approach with extensive programs in Asia and has reported substantial success. The system of international agricultural research centers (CGIAR) has also embraced farmer participatory research (FPR). A CGIAR task force on specific application of FPR to IPM (FPR-IPM) met in 1996 to develop strategies to reduce the gap between IPM research and its implementation. The task force seeks to promote FPR in IPM projects carried out by the CGIAR

Centers and collaborating partners. However, circumstances caused a delay in activity until recently when A. Braun, a research specialist with extensive experience and success with the FPR method, was selected as coordinator for the FPR-IPM task force. Dr. Braun has established a list server for FPR-IPM. Its objective is to provide a forum for people and institutions interested in fostering farmer participation in research and development of IPM. A draft concept document (based on material from the 1996 task force meeting) was prepared and Braun invited those with an interest to review and comment on the new revised draft version. FMI: A. Braun, Manager, FPR-IPM Project, CIAT, Apartado Aereo 6713, Cali, COLOMBIA Fax: 57-2-4450203 Phone: 57-2-4450000 E-mail: adapted from information generously provided by A. Braun. Overcoming Risk as a Barrier to Adoption IPM, as a farming practice with potential for significant public benefit, is not being widely used because, in adopting a new technology, farmers confront a risk that the technology may not perform under their local conditions and may even catastrophically fail. The perceived economic and social risks, notes the Agricultural Conservation Innovation Center (ACIC), a new U.S.-based program seeking to develop and deliver economically practical solutions to agricultural-environmental problems, outweigh IPM's stated benefits and slow its acceptance. According to a 1996 study, risk is a major influence in a farmer's decision to accept or reject a pest management strategy. Risk even prevents adoption of IPM when farmers believe it would be profitable. While other barriers to adoption exist, ACIC asserts that risk of crop failure is the most important. In fact, notes ACIC, farmers actually face two kinds of production risk when considering adoption of any new practice, but especially IPM: innovation risk, and operating risk. The former involves concern over trying something untried and possibly untested under prevailing local conditions, while operating risk refers to uncertainties that arise with weather and other uncontrolled natural conditions as they impact pest populations and diversity. ACIC has launched an effort to "develop and market risk management instruments to increase the rate of adoption" of IPM, that is, create commercial insurance policies that insure a farmer against crop losses caused by using IPM. The Center's well thought-out multi-step procedure involves scouting and other elements of IPM. An insurance policy is projected to cost about 25 percent of the savings generated from reduced pesticide application. A private insurance company is developing policies for use throughout the country which, ACIC believes, will provide a powerful incentive to adopt IPM and other technologies. FMI: ACIC, 1400 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 1100, Arlington, VA 22209-2308, USA E-mail: alison.hess@agconserv. com Fax: 1-703-235-4803 Phone: 1-703-235-4889 Website: www.agconse excerpted from information generously supplied by ACIC. Helping Prime the Pump The U.S. state of California has launched a new, US0,000 per year matching grant program to create alliances targeted at reducing pesticide risks to workers,

consumers, and the environment. Pest Management Alliance grants were established to encourage reduction of pest management that is heavily dependent on pesticide application. The state expects to fund seven major grants, each ranging up to US0,000 annually, for applied research, demonstration projects, or a combination of the two. The projects selected also must serve as practical models for adopting new pest management practices throughout an industry and across the state. Grant recipients must match their Alliance awards. Alliance grants, the latest in a series of pesticide-reducing initiatives by California that rely on communication, cooperation, and incentives, rather than regulatory commands, join another parallel effort, the annual "IPM Innovator" awards, which recognize leadership in developing and using innovative pest management techniques. The state encourages non-traditional solutions to agricultural and urban pest problems and has streamlined its registration process to speed approval of new products that help reduce pesticide usage. FMI: L. Hawkins, Environmental Monitoring and Pest Management Branch, DPR, 1020 N Street, Sacramento, CA 95814, USA Phone: 1-916-324-4100 E-mail: adapted from information generously provided by K. Brunetti.

PUBLICATIONS AUTHORS, EDITORS, AND PUBLISHERS IPMnet NEWS wants to mention any publication related to, or focused on, IPM. To assure coverage, please send a review copy of the publication, with background information where to obtain copies, data about the author/editor(s), and any other particulars or descriptive materials to: IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA After review, materials will be cataloged into the joint CICP/IPPC international IPM and crop protection literature collection (which the worldwide IPM/crop protection community is welcome to use), or returned if so requested.

SUCCESSFULLY EXTENDING IPM Extending or introducing IPM practices to actual users can be a daunting task equal to, if not greater than, conducting IPM research. Several programs around the globe have had notable success introducing IPM concepts and practices to user communities in developing nations through various combinations of training and direct user involvement. An important recent publication, EXTENSION OF COMPLEX ISSUES; SUCCESS FACTORS IN INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, published by the Swiss Center for Agricultural Extension, reviews five projects and presents the "success factors" that emerged from each. Editors P. Schmidt, et al, then present 17 "theses," supported by illustrative examples, that present key conclusions, such as: furthering users' self-confidence enhances their

decision-making capabilities, a key to IPM acceptance and practice. The 100-page, softcover work is attractively designed and thorough in its coverage. FMI: Swiss Center for Agricultural Extension, LBL, CH-8315 Lindau, SWITZERLAND E-mail: Fax: 41-52-354-9797 Phone: 41-52-354-9700 IPM IN THE NORTHEASTERN U.S. INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN THE NORTHEAST REGION is a 1998, full color, 20-page, popular format publication reporting on IPM issues and programs for 12 states in the northeastern U.S. The text covers a gamut of pests primarily diseases and insects and promotes the region's overall progress in IPM research and design and, in partnership with producers and consumers, implementing IPM activities. FMI: M. Fitzner, M.S. 2220, Washington, DC 20250-2220, USA Fax: 1-202-401-6156 E-mail: Phone: 1-202-401-4781 IPM AMONG THE DIVOTS Four U.S. scientists have published IPM HANDBOOK FOR GOLF COURSES as a field guide for integrated management of common turfgrass pests. The illustrated, 264-page work by G.L. Schumann, et al, covers a wide range of pests (insects, weeds, diseases) and suggests management strategies applicable to the unique conditions found on golf courses. The hardbound, 1997 volume includes a full-color photo section as well as a list of turf-grass pests and additional practical information. FMI: Ann Arbor Press, PO Box 310, Chelsea, MI 48118, USA Fax: 1-313-475-8852 Phone: 1-313-475-8787 MEDFLY: TARGET IN THE EASTERN MED The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann, or "medfly," is a major pest of, and threat to, fruit and vegetable production in the Near East (Mediterranean) region. Under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and FAO, several nations in the target area developed an areawide approach to medfly control. IAEA's 1997 publication, CONTROL OF THE MEDITERRANEAN FRUIT FLY IN THE NEAR EAST REGION USING THE STERILE INSECT TECHNIQUE, summarizes the overall background, plus progress achieved by several sub-regional programs to create medfly-free zones. The softcover, 76-page work is number STI/PUB/1020. FMI: J. Hendrichs, IAEA, PO Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, AUSTRIA E-mail: j.hendrichs@iae Fax: 43-1-2060-29302 Phone: 43-1-2060-22529 Website: www.ia Publication Notes ** Copies of the 120-page PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIRST SYMPOSIUM ON FRUIT PRODUCTION IN THE MEKONG DELTA FOCUSING ON INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, a February 1998 event, edited by P. Van Mele and N.V. Huynh, are available from: IPM project, c/o Prof. Coosemans, Lab. of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, F.A.A.B.S., K.U. Leuven, W. De Croylaan 42, 3001 Heverlee, BELGIUM E-mail: ** The March 1998 issue of MIDWEST BIOLOGICAL CONTROL NEWS (MBCN) includes a useful one-page summary, "Know Your Friends: Cotesia melanoscela, A Parasitoid of Gypsy Moth," by S.E. Rice Mahr. FMI: MBCN, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-608-262-3322 ** The African Association of Insect Scientists publishes both the AAIS BULLETIN and the AFRICAN INSECT SCIENCE NEWSLETTER/CAHIER DE LIAISON DES ENTOMOLOGISTES AFRICAINS. FMI: D. Giga, Univ. of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, PO Box MP 167, Harare, ZIMBABWE E-mail: Fax: 263 -4-732828 OTHER RESOURCES WHITEFLY KNOWLEDGEBASE A massive information collection developed at the Univ. of Florida (USA) in cooperation with entomologists from five states and funded by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture presents identification, biology, life cycle, damage,

management, and control information for four pest whitefly species. The hypertext knowledgebase, contained on seven 3.5-inch disks (in a binder with instruction manual), requires an IBM-compatible PC, Windows, and 12 MB of hard disk storage space. It covers: Bemisia argentifollii Bellows & Perring, silverleaf whitefly; B. Tabaci (Gennadius), sweetpotato whitefly; Trialeurodes abutilonea (Haldeman), bandedwinged whitefly; and T. vaporariorum (Westwood), greenhouse whitefly. FMI: Formedia, Inc., 448 West 16th Street, 3rd floor, New York, NY 10011, USA E-mail: info@forme TAIWANESE WEED GROUP MARKS 20TH YEAR The Weed Science Society of the Republic of China (WSSROC) will celebrate its 20th anniversary in November 1998 and has published a 1998 calendar featuring color photos of weeds commonly found in Taiwan rice fields. The Society has also established a new website at: FMI: S.S. Wong, TACTRI, 11 Kung-Ming Road, Wufen, Taichung Hsien, Taiwan, ROC E-mail: Fax: 886-4-332-4738 Excerpted from the Newsletter of the Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society, February 1998. EQUIPMENT & MATERIALS NETTING DISCOURAGES CROP PESTS Close weave, plastic netting spread over plants grown in greenhouses or other covered areas has been found to disorient pest insects, such as whiteflies, thrips, leafminers, and aphids, and significantly decrease their ability to attack crops, according to the manufacturer. The product, "BioNet," is said to reduce the need for pesticides as well as labor. FMI: Klayman Meteor Ltd., 21 Hayetzira Street, Petach-Tikva 49130, ISRAEL E-mail: L Fax: 972-3-924-4614 Phone: 972-3-922-2594 Website: www.meteor.c INSECT MONITORING SYSTEMS A free, 30-page 1998 "Catalog of Insect Monitoring Systems for the Professional Grower" includes traps, kits, attractants, and other related equipment, and is available from: Great Lakes IPM Inc., 10220 Church Road, NE, Vestaburg, MI 48891, USA E-mail: glipm Fax: 1-517-268-5311 PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES (Appointments * Consulting * Research * Technology) ** IPM INSURANCE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR, Agriculture Conservation Innovation Center (ACIC), USA. A 6-month part-time/contract position (possibility for long-term relationship); recruit a core group of IPM experts to work with a major crop insurance company and a non-profit organization to develop insurance products that increase acceptance of IPM systems by farmers. Identify private sector and academic experts in IPM practices; conduct and facilitate group meetings with insurance experts to explain the concept of insuring IPM practices; collaborate on submission of proposals to help develop specific insurance policies; evaluate proposals and make recommendations for development. Requires being well connected with U.S. IPM experts in academia and the private sector; very knowledgeable about IPM; strong ability to work collaboratively and to communicate effectively. Contact: J.M. Cubie, ACIC, 1400 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 1100, Arlington, VA 22209-2308, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-703-235-4803 Phone: 1-703-235-4889 back to top IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM III. RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS research/technical topics related to IPM. Featured Papers *** Recently reported trials reveal that sunlight and precipitation can seriously erode insecticidal activity of Bacillus thuringiensis. In "Effects of Sunlight and Simulated Rain on Residual Activity of Bacillus thruringiensis Formulations," R.W. Behle et al found that Bt lost an

average 20 percent of its impact through wash-off, and that sunlight took only two days to begin to degrade Bt. Different formulations varied in their ability to delay the affect of sunlight. Black plastic covering protected against sunlight, whereas clear plastic did not. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 90(6), 1560-1566, December 1997.

This Month's SELECTED TILES (broadly grouped by pest or tactic categories) IPMnet can provide addresses for any of the journals listed. General "Eradication and Pest Management," Myers, J.H., et al. ANN. REV. OF ENTOM., 43, 417-492, 1998. "Metapopulation Dynamics and the Control of Mobile Agricultural Pests: Fresh Insights," Jervis, M.A. (commentary). INTL. JRNL. OF PEST MAN., 43(4), 251-252, October-December 1997. "Row Covers: Effects of Wool and Other Materials on Pest Numbers, Microclimate, and Crop Quality," Evans, A., et al. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 90(6), 1661-1663, December 1997. Biocontrol "A Rapid Laboratory Method for Assessing the Biological Control Potential of Penicillium oxalicum Against Fusarium Wilt of Tomato," DeCal, A., et al. PLANT PATH., 46(5), 699-707, October 1997. "Biological Control of Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on Poinsettia with Inundative Releases of Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae): Are Higher Release Rates Necessarily Better?," Hoddle, M., et al. BIO. CONTROL, 10(3), 166-179, November 1997. "Comparison of Endemic and Exotic Entomopathogenic Nematode Species for Control of Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)," Berry, R.E., et al. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 90(6), 1528-1533, December 1997. "Field Evaluation of a Commercial Formulation of the Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus for Control of Beet Armyworm on Vegetable Crops in Thailand," KolodnyHirsch, D.M., et al. BIOCON. SCI. AND TECH., 7(4), 475-488, December 1997. "Management of Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Apple with Overhead Watering," Knight, A.L. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 91(1), 209-216, February 1998. "The Phorid Fly, Megaselia scalaris (Loew), as a Candidate for Managing Molluscicide-resistant Round Snail, Bradybaena similaris (Ferussas)," Idris, A.B., and M. Abdullah. RESIST. PEST MAN., 9(2), 28-29, Winter 1997. Phytopathology

"Comparison of Lettuce Diseases and Yield Under Subsurface Drip and Furrow Irrigation," Subbarao, K.V., et al. PHYTOPATH., 87(8), 877- , August 1997. "Control of Colletotrichum acutatum in Strawberry Under Laboratory, Greenhouse, and Field Conditions," Freeman, S., et al. PLANT DIS., 81(7), 749-752, July 1997. "Disease-management Components of Advanced Integrated Pest Management in Apple Orchards," Cooley, D.R., and W.R. Autio. AGRIC., ECOSYS. & ENVIRO., 66(1), 31-40, November 1997. "Diseases of Groundnut in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Region and their Management," Subrahmanyam, P., et al. INTL. JRNL. OF PEST MAN., 43(4), 261-274, October-December 1997. Weed Management "Effects of Sheep Grazing on a Spotted Knapweed-infested Idaho Fescue Community," Olson, B.E., et al. JRNL. OF RANGE MAN., 50(4), 386-390, July 1997. "Purple Nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) Management in Corn (Zea mays) and Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) Rotations," Hamill, A.S., and J. Zhang. WEED TECH., 11(3), 543-548, July-September 1997. Entomology "Carbaryl as a Component in Integrated Crop Management of Apple," Straub, R.W., et al. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 90(5), 1315-1323, October 1997. "Efficacy of Aerial Applications of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner and Tebufenozide Against the Eastern Hemlock Looper (Lepidoptera: Geometridae)," West, R.J., et al. CAN. ENTOM., 129(4), 613-626, July-August 1997. "Evaluation of Various Color Hydromulches and Weed Fabric on Broccoli Insect Populations," Liburd, O.E., et al. JRNL. OF ECON. ENTOM., 91(1), 256-262, February 1998. "Higher-Order Predators and the Regulation of Insect Herbivore Populations," Rosenheim, J.A. ANN. REV. OF ENTOM., 43, 421-448, 1998. "Spatial Characteristics of Rangeland Grasshopper (Orthoptera: Acrididae) Population Dynamics in Wyoming: Implications for Pest Management," Schell, S.P., and J.A. Lockwood. ENVIRO. ENTOM., 26(5), 1056-1065, October 1997. Vertebrate Management "Effects of Silvicultural Treatments on Wintering Bird Communities in the Oregon Coast Range," Chambers, C.L., and W.C. McComb. NORTHWEST SCI., 71(4), 298-304, November 1997. back to top U.S. REGIONAL IPM CENTERS AND THE IPM-CRSP --- news, developments back to top U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)

back to top IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global IV. CALENDAR a global list of forthcoming IPM-related events (conferences, training courses, symposia, etc.) Information collected from, and supplied by, various sources, to all of whom IPMnet expresses its appreciation. See also AgNIC's Agricultural Conferences, Meetings, Seminars Calendar

IPMnet Calendar I. NEW=(N), or REVISED=(R) entries

In 1998 (N) 24-26 June CONFERENCE ON THE STATUS OF SORGHUM ERGOT IN NORTH AMERICA, Corpus Christi, TX, USA. Contact: G. Odvody, Texas A&M Agricultural Experiment Station, Rt. 2, Box 589, Corpus Christi, TX 78410, USA E-Mail: Fax: 1-512-265-9434 Phone: 1-512-265-9201 (N) 10-12 August INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON WILD AND WEED RICES IN THE AGRO-ECOSYSTEM, Ho Chi Min City, VIETNAM. Contact: D.V. Chin, Cuulong Delta Rice Research Institute, 9B Cach Mang Thang Tam Street, Cantho City, Cantho Prov., VIETNAM Fax: 84-71-861457 E-mail: (N) 28 September-2 October 1998 GENRE ET PROTECTION DES VEGETAUX, Training Course/Workshop, Niamey, REP. DU NIGER. Contact: S.B. Sagnia, Centre Regional AGRHYMET/DFPV, BP 12625, Niamey, REP. DU NIGER E-mail: Fax: 227-732237 Phone: 227-734758 Website: (R) 29 September-2 October New website * 6TH AUSTRALASIAN APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY RESEARCH CONFERENCE, Brisbane, AUSTRALIA. Contact: S. Brown, ICTE Conferences, Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, AUSTRALIA E-mail: Phone: 61-7-3365-6360 Website: (N) 9-27 November RECYCLAGE EN PHYTOPATHOLOGIE APPLIQUEE, Training Course/Workshop, Niamey, REP. DU NIGER. Contact: S.B. Sagnia, Centre Regional AGRHYMET/DFPV, BP 12625, Niamey, REP. DU NIGER E-mail: Fax: 227-732237 Phone: 227-734758 Website: In 1999

(N) 18-29 January LA PROTECTION CONTRE LES NUISIBLES DES CULTURES MARAICHERES, Training Course/Workshop, Niamey, REP. DU NIGER. Contact: S.B. Sagnia, Centre Regional AGRHYMET/DFPV, BP 12625, Niamey, REP. DU NIGER E-mail: Fax: 227-732237 Phone: 227-734758 Website: (N) 12-16 September 12TH AUSTRALIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, Hobart, Tasmania, AUSTRALIA. Contact: A. Harradine, Tasmanian Weed Society, PO Box 303, Devonport, Tasmania 7361, AUSTRALIA E-mail: (N) November 17TH ASIAN-PACIFIC WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY CONFERENCE, Bangkok, THAILAND. Contact: R. Suwanketnkom, Dept. of Agronomy, Kasetsart Univ., Bangkok 10903, THAILAND In 2000 0 IPMnet Calendar II. PREVIOUSLY LISTED entries. 1998 5-9 April INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM: THE FUTURE OF FUNGI IN THE CONTROL OF PESTS, WEEDS & DISEASES, Univ. of Southampton, Southampton, UK. Aim: identify problems and opportunities affecting research on fungal biocontrol agents, and outline strategies for the successful development of these organisms as sustainable, environmentally benign agents for crop protection. Invited presentations and offered papers in six subject areas. Contact: C.W. Jackson, School of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Southampton, Basset Crescent East, Southampton SO16 7PX, UK E-mail: Phone: 44-1703-59-3205 5 May INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CROP PROTECTION, Gent, BELGIUM. Contact: S. Drieghe, Fac. of Agric. and Applied Biol. Sciences, Univ. of Gent, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, BELGIUM E-mail: sabine.dr Fax: 32-9-264-6249 Phone: 32-9-264-6012 11-14 May 15TH NATIONAL WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, San Lameer, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: SAWSS Congress, Private Bag X134, Pretoria 0001, SOUTH AFRICA Fax: 27-12-320-3278 E-mail: Phone: 27-12-329-3276 13-15 May EUROPEAN WEED RESEARCH SOCIETY MEDITERRANEAN SYMPOSIUM 1998, Montpellier, FRANCE. Four sessions, simultaneous translation. Contact: J. Maillet, c/o UFR Biol. & Patho Veg. ENSA M., Place Viala, F. 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, FRANCE E-mail: Fax: 33-046-754-5977 Phone: 33-049-961-2516 16-23 May 12TH INTERNATIONAL REINHARDSBRUNN SYMPOSIUM, "Modern Fungicides and Antifungal Compounds," Reinhardsbrunn, GERMANY. Contact: H.-W. Dehne, Institute for Plant Diseases, Univ. of Bonn, Nussallee 9, D-53115, Bonn, GERMANY E-mail: Fax: 49-228-732442 Phone: 49-228-732444 Website: 18-22 May II SEMINARIO TALLER INTERNACIONAL DE CONTROL BIOLOGICO, "Aportes del Control Biologico para una Agricultura Sostenible," Lima, PERU. Contact: A. Lizarraga, or U. Barreto, Red de Accion en Alternativas al uso de Agroquimicos (RAAA), Mariscal Miller 2622, Lince, Lima, PERU E-mail: Fax:

51-14-404359 Phone: 51-14-210826 24-28 May 6TH SIMPOSIO DE CONTROLE BIOLOGICO (SICONBIOL), Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL. Contact: L. Rabinovitch, Fundacion Oswaldo Cruz, Dept. de Bacteriologia, Av. Brasil 4365 Manguinhos, 21045-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, BRAZIL E-mail: Fax: 55-21-270-6565 28 May-2 June INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AREA-WIDE CONTROL OF INSECT PESTS INTEGRATING THE STERILE INSECT AND RELATED NUCLEAR AND OTHER TECHNIQUES, Penang, MALAYSIA. Contact: J. Hendrichs, I.A.E.A., IAEA-CN-71, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, AUSTRIA Fax: 43-1-20607 E-mail: Phone: 43-1-2060 Website: 31 May-2 June ALTERNATIVE PARADIGMS FOR COMMERCIALIZING BIOLOGICAL CONTROL WORKSHOP, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Contact: M. Wilson e-mail Website: May TROPICAL PEST MANAGEMENT COURSE, Ascot, UK. A 4-week practical training course on safe and efficient use of pesticides within Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs. Contact: IPARC, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, SL5 7PY, UK E-mail: Fax: 44-1344-294450 1-5 June 5TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON FRUIT FLIES OF ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE, Penang, MALAYSIA. Contact: Secretariat, Fruit Fly Symposium, School of Biological Sciences, Univ. Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, MALAYSIA. Fax: 60-4-656-5125 E-mail: Phone: 60-4-860-3961 Website: 5-10 June 3RD INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON MOLECULAR INSECT SCIENCE, Snowbird, Utah, USA. Contact: Center for Insect Science, 225 Life Sciences South, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-520-621-2590 7-12 June 2ND INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON BEMISIA AND GEMINIVIRAL DISEASES, San Juan, PUERTO RICO. Specific topics concerning whiteflies and geminiviruses plus sessions of interest to entomologists, virologists, and IPM specialists. Contact: D. Guy, USDA-ARS, 2120 Camden Road, Orlando, FL 32803-1419, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-407-897-7337 Phone: 1-407-897-7304 15-20 June INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, "Management, Theory & Practice, Developing Sustainable Agriculture," Guangzhou, CHINA. English language only. Contact: L. Li-ying, Guangdong Entomological Soc., Xingang West Road 105, Guangzhou 510270, CHINA E-mail: Fax: 86-20-841-91709 Phone: 86-20-841-83642 Website: June 1998. LOCUST-GRASSHOPPER CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES COURSE. Designed to "Train the Trainers" so participants can return to their country and provide national courses in their own language, this 2-week course offers practical training in techniques for ground and

aerial application of insecticides to control hopper bands and swarms. Contact: IPARC, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, SL5 7PY, UK E-mail: Fax: 44-1344-294450 4-11 July 10TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON INSECT-PLANT RELATIONSHIPS, Oxford, UK. Contact: SIP10, Oxford International, Summertown Pavilion, Middle Way, Oxford OV2 7LG, UK E-mail: Fax: 44-0-1865-511-570 Website: 5-24 July SHORT COURSE IN INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM), East Lansing, MI, USA. Contact: K.M. Maredia, Institute of International Agriculture, 416 Plant and Soil Sciences Buildding, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-517-432-1982 Phone: 1-517-353-5262 6 July-28 August INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) TRAINING COURSE IN RICE, Los Banos, PHILIPPINES. Contact: Director, National Crop Protection Center, U.P. at Los Banos, College, Laguna 4031, PHILIPPINES E-mail: Fax: 63-536-2409 Phone: 63-536-0967 13 July-7 August 5TH ANNUAL IIBC INTERNATIONAL TRAINING COURSE, "Biological Control of Arthropod Pests & Weeds," Silwood Park, Ascot, UK. Contact: S. Williamson, Training & Information Officer, IIBC, Silwood Park, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, Berks. SL5 7TA, UK E-mail: Fax: 44-1344-875007 Phone: 44-1344-872999 2-7 August 9TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PESTICIDE CHEMISTRY, "The Food-Environment Challenge," Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre, Westminster, London, UK. Sponsored by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the Royal Society of Chemistry. Contact: J.F. Gibson, RSC, Burlington House, London W1V 0BN, UK E-mail: iupac98 Fax: 44-171-734-1227 Phone: 44-171-437-8656 Website: // 4 August 1998 SYMPOSIUM ON INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN THE TROPICS, Brussels, BELGIUM. Contact: G. Grubben, CPRO-DLO, PO Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS Fax: 31-317-418094 E-mail: Phone: 31-317-477323 Website: 4-8 August 2ND INTERNATIONAL RICE BLAST CONFERENCE, Montpellier, FRANCE. Contact: CIRAD (Centre de Cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement), Secretariat IRBC 98, UR-Phyma, Bat. 2, BP 5035, 34032 Montpellier, FRANCE E-mail: Website: Fax: 33-4-67-615603 6-7 August 4TH INTERNATIONAL BIOHERBICIDE WORKSHOP, Glasgow, UK. Contact: M.N. Burge, Dept. of Biosci./Biotech., Univ. of Strathclyde, The Todd Centre, Taylor Street, Glasgow G4 0NR, UK E-mail: m.n.burge@stra Fax: 44-0-141-553-4115 Phone:

44-0-141-548-3626 9-14 August 17TH CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE ENTOMOLOGIA, Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL. Contact: E.B. Menezes, BR 465, km 7, CP 74538, Seropedica, 23851-970 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, BRAZIL E-mail: br Fax: 55-21-682-1033 9-16 August 7TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PLANT PATHOLOGY, Edinburgh, UK. Contact: ICPP98 Congress Secretariat, c/o Meeting Makers, 50 George Street, Glasgow, Scotland G1 1QE, UK E-mail: Fax: 44-141-552-0511 Phone: 44-141-553-1930 11-13 August 51ST NZ PLANT PROTECTION SOCIETY CONFERENCE, Hamilton, NEW ZEALAND. Contact: A. Rahman, Ruakura Agric. Research Centre, Private Bag 3121, Hamilton, NEW ZEALAND E-mail: Fax: 64-7-838-5073 Phone: 64-7-838-5280 17-21 August 5TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ADJUVANTS, Memphis, TN, USA. Contact: A. Underwood, FISAA, c/o Helena Chem. Co., 6075 Poplar Ave., Suite 500, Memphis, TN 38119, USA Fax. 1-901-761-2640 Phone: 1-901-537-7260 23-28 August 6TH INTERNATIONAL MYCOLOGICAL CONGRESS, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Contact: Secretariat, PO Box 50006, Tel Aviv 61500, ISRAEL E-mail: Fax: 972-3-5175674 Phone: 972-3-5140014 23-29 August 6TH EUROPEAN CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Ceske Budejovice, CZECH REPUBLIC. Contact: T. Soldan, Institute of Entomology, AS CR, Branisovska 31, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, CZECH REPUBLIC E-mail: Fax: 42-0-38-43625 Phone: 42-0-38-40822 Website: 24-28 August 3RD INTERNATIONAL FOREST VEGETATION MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE. Contact: IFVMC #3, Bio-Forest Technologies Inc., 105 Bruce Street, Sault Ste. Marie, ONT. P6A 2X6, CANADA E-mail: Fax: 1-705-942-8829 Website: Phone: 1-705-942-5824 7-11 September 8TH CONGRESSO IBERICO ENTOMOLOGIA, Evora, PORTUGAL. Contact: D. Figueiredo, CIE, Centro de Ecologia Aplicada, Univ. de Evora, Apartado 94, 7001 Evora Codex, PORTUGAL E-mail: Website: 14 September ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT OF RIPARIAN WEEDS WORKSHOP, Loughborough, UK. An AAB 1-day event for those involved in the management of stream, river, or canal banks, and waterbody shores. Contact: M. Wade, Intl. Centre of Landscape Ecology, Dept. of Geography, Loughborough Univ., Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK E-mail: Fax: 44-01509-223931 Phone: 44-01509-223030 21-24 September SCENTS IN ORCHARDS, IOBC-WPRS meeting on behaviorally active compounds of plant and insect origin, especially from orchard environments, Munich,

GERMANY. Contact: P. Witzgall, SLU, Box 44, SE-230 53, Alnarp, SWEDEN E-mail: 22-25 September 10TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON AQUATIC WEEDS, Lisbon, PORTUGAL. Contact: APRH Secretariat, 10th EWRS Aquatic Weed Symposium, Laboratorio Nacional de Engenharia Civil, Avenida do Brasil 101, 1799 Lisboa Codex, PORTUGAL. 23-26 September 4TH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON OROBANCHE RESEARCH, Albena, BULGARIA. Contact: K. Wegman, Waldhauserstrasse 37, D-72076 Tubingen, GERMANY Fax/phone: 49-707-164-658 26-29 September 29TH AUSTRALIAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY MEETING AND SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE, Brisbane, AUSTRALIA. Contact: S. Brown, ICTE, Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, AUSTRALIA E-mail: Phone: 61-7-3365-6360 Website: 29 September-2 October 6TH AUSTRALASIAN APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY RESEARCH CONFERENCE, Brisbane, AUSTRALIA. Contact: S. Brown, ICTE Conferences, Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, AUSTRALIA E-mail: Phone: 61-7-3365-6360 Website: 12-15 October 8TH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON FIRE BLIGHT, Kusadasi, TURKEY. Contact: H. Saygili, Faculty of Agric., Plant Protection Dept., Univ. of Ege, 35100, Bornova, TURKEY E-mail: Fax: 90-232-388-1864 Phone: 09-232-388-0110, ext. 2743 20-23 October 22ND ANNUAL NORTH AMERICAN PLANT PROTECTION ORGANIZATION MEETING, Halifax, NS, CANADA. Contact: R. Bast, E-mail: Fax: 1-613-228-6606 Phone: 1-613-225-2342 31 October-4 November JOINT MEETING, ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETIES OF CANADA AND QUEBEC, "Today's Basic Research, Tomorrow's IPM," Chateau Frontenac, Quebec, CANADA. Contact: J. Delisle, Centre de Foresterie des Laurentides, 1055 rue du PEPS, Sainte-Foy, QUE. G1V 4C7, CANADA Fax: 1-418-648-5849 E-mail: Phone: 1-418-648-2526 8-12 November AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOC. and ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC. OF AMERICA JOINT MEETING, Las Vegas, NV, USA. Contact: C.S. Dacus, APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Phone: 1-612-454-7250 E-mail: corie@sc 9-12 November BRIGHTON CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE 1998, PESTS & DISEASES, Brighton, UK. uontact: The Event Organization, 8 Cotswold Mews, Battersea Square, London SW11 3RA, UK E-mail: Fax: 44-0-171-924-1790 Phone: 44-0-171-228-8034 Website: 1999 8-10 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, San Diego, CA, USA. Contact: WSSA, J. Breithaupt, PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044, USA Fax:

1-913-843-1274 E-mail: Phone: 1-913-843-1235 18-19 February 2ND ASIA-PACIFIC CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE, Juhu, Mumbai, INDIA. Contact: P.P. Dave, PMFAI, B-4, Anand Co-op Housing Society, Sitladevi Temple Road, Mahim (W.), Mumbai - 400016, INDIA E-mail: Fax: 91-22-437-6856 Phone: 91-22-437-5279 8-10 March INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, "Emerging Technologies in IPM: Concepts, Research, Implementation," Raleigh, NC, USA. Contact: T.B. Sutton, Dept. of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC 27695, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-919-515-8795 Phone: 1-919-515-6823 28 March-10 July. INTERNATIONAL COURSE ON INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT, "Strategies to Control Diseases and Insect Pests," International Agricultural Centre (IAC), Wageningen, NETHERLANDS. Contact: H.A.I. Stoetzer, IPM Course Coordinator, IAC, P.O. Box 88, 6700 AB Wageningen, NETHERLANDS E-mail: Phone: 31-317-490353 Fax: 31-317-418552 Website: 19-21 May WORLD NEEM CONFERENCE (and Tradeshow), Vancouver, CANADA. Contact: M.B. Isman, Dept. of Plant Science, Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver V6T 1Z4, CANADA E-mail: Fax: 1-604-822-8640 25-30 July 14TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON PLANT PROTECTION, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Theme: "Plant Protection Towards the Third Millennium - Where Chemistry Meets Ecology." Contact: S. Barnett, Congress Coordinator, PO Box 50006, Tel Aviv 61500, ISRAEL E-mail: Fax: 972-3-514-0077 Phone: 972-3-514-0014 6-12 August JOINT MEETING OF THE AMERICAN AND CANADIAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETIES, Montreal, CANADA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. E-mail: i Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Phone: 1-612-454-7250 29 August-3 September VII INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON JUVENILE HORMONES, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Contact: S.W. Applebaum, e-mail: Website: 2000 5-10 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Toronto, CANADA. Contact: WSSA, J. Breithaupt, PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044, USA Fax: 1-913-843-1274 E-mail: Phone: 1-913-843-1235 3-6 June XXII BRAZILIAN WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: B.N. Rodrigues; e-mail 6-11 June III INTERNATIONAL WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: J.B. Silva; e-mail Web Site: 20-26 August ** E-mail change ** 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ENTOMOLOGY, Iguassu Falls, PR, BRAZIL. Contact: D.L. Gazzoni; e-mail Web site:

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