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February 1997, Issue no. 38 ISSN: 1523-7893 Š Copyright 2005 IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs I. IPM NEWS / APPLICATIONS international IPM news and programs U.S. Budget Supports IPM Programs One of the main components of the U.S. government's national IPM Initiative gained increased funding for fiscal year 1997. The budget for IPM programs in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES) increased US.8 million. The increase will be centered in two new programs: a) the Pest Management Alternatives Program, and b) the Pest Management Information/Decision Support System, said M.S. Fitzner, IPM Programs director for CSREES. A number of other government-supported activities, directly or indirectly related to IPM, avoided funding cuts. These covered extension, research, and training, as well as activities tied in with sustainable agriculture and water quality thrusts. Dr. Fitzner noted that IPM remains a major emphasis in USDA's budget for fiscal year 1998, and that it continues to receive strong support among the agency's top administrators. FMI: M.S. Fitzner, IPM Program, CSREES, Ag Box 2220, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-2220, USA Fax: 1-202-401-6156 E-mail: Phone: 1-202-401-4939 Profile of An IPM Success In 1996, a not-for-profit organization began helping organize and deploy an IPM program at a sprawling 340 ha, 140-building U.S. government agency site. The goal: reduce reliance on reactive application of pesticides for control of both indoor and landscape pests. The program's ability to marshal cooperation among several involved contracting organizations and gain early success provides a fascinating blueprint for achieving positive results with IPM implementation. The California-based Bio-integral Resource Center (BIRC) launched a pilot IPM scheme designed to replace sole reliance on pesticides with an effective and affordable knowledge-based monitoring system and management program at the huge Ames Research Center, a former military air field. Because of the facilities massive size, BIRC personnel initially focused on just six key buildings as well as pests in lawns and drainage canals. The idea was to achieve success with several modest activities and thus build the institutional confidence that would be needed to make a facility-wide transition to IPM. Under BIRC's direction, staff members from several pest management sub-contractors formed an IPM team as a first step, which was "essential in order to establish common project goals, timetables, and a communication system to keep everyone informed," according to a report published in a recent issue of BIRC's COMMON SENSE PEST CONTROL QUARTERLY.

The next step involved collecting pivotal information: Identification of pests that are present; Location of the pests; Conditions causing the pest problem; Population level considered intolerable by the client for each pest species; and, Effectiveness of any current treatments. Along with monitoring, members of the IPM team received "hands-on" training ranging from IPM philosophy to actual practices. The short report chronicles the project's successes achieved so far. While aspects of the program may not be directly applicable to other instances of implementing IPM, the BIRC-led effort stands as a highly informative case study. FMI: S. Daar, BIRC, PO Box 7414, Berkeley, CA 94707, USA Fax: 1-510-524-1758 E-mail: Phone: 1-510-524-2567 excerpted from: COMMON SENSE PEST CONTROL QUARTERLY, XIII(1), 3, Winter 1997.

back to top IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources II. IPM MEDLEY general information, publications of interest, and other information and resources related to IPM New Technology for Releasing Pheromones A new pheromone dispensing system to improve mating disruption of key insect pests in fruit orchards has shown promise during several seasons of extended tests conducted in California. The new system is built around clock-activated devices that periodically dispense puffs of pheromone from aerosol canisters. Known as "puffers," these devices flood an orchard with pheromone odors during the entire growing season. In contrast to conventional pheromone release devices that are attached to branches of individual trees, puffers can be spaced much further apart and loaded with pre-determined blends and amounts of the desired pheromone components. According to a report issued by the Pear Pest Management Research Fund (PPMRF), puffers have several potential advantages compared to other systems, including: Canisters can release blends of pheromones that disrupt mating of more than one insect species; the primary target is the codling moth [Cydia pomonella (L.)] and secondarily the obliquebanded leafroller [Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris)]; The pheromone release rate remains constant and is less affected by weather elements; Canisters protect pheromones from chemical decomposition; and, Wider spacing of canister compared to conventional pheromone release devices yields labor savings. Several technical problems encountered in the first season of commercial scale tests were identified and solved in 1996. FMI: PPMRF, c/o California Pear Growers, 4600 Northgate Blvd., Suite 210, Sacramento, CA 95834, USA Fax: 1-916-924-0904 Phone: 1-916-924-0530 excerpted from: PPMRF Fall/Winter ? Report. Genetically Engineered Crops Discussed Genetically engineered (or manipulated) crops have become a hot global topic for several reasons. A newsletter, THE GENE EXCHANGE published in the U.S. by the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), periodically includes an extensive table summarizing U.S. agency action on, and other information about, commercialization of genetically engineered agricultural products. The most recent update of the table, November 1996 (included in THE GENE EXCHANGE, 7[1], December 1996), lists 34 products ranging

from canola to papaya, the altered trait, the purpose for altering, the sources of the new genes (when known), and the name given to the new product. The table also notes the current status of action by any involved U.S. agency, as well as approvals for sale that may have been issued. UCS urges caution and a public policy of more thorough assessment of genetically altered products based on concerns about resistance management and several other factors. The Union supports a more organic approach to crop production. Subscriptions to the well-presented newsletter are free. FMI: UCS, Ag/Biotech Program, 1616 P Street, NW, Suite 310, Washington, DC 20036-1434, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-202-332-0905 IPMporium .... According to one authority on what has been called the world's worst aquatic weed, Eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth), effective global integrated control requires a coordinated effort to find and deploy native pathogens. .... A joint venture involving three firms expects to sell enough pesticide-resistant cotton seed in China to plant more than 200,000 ha in the spring of 1998. ....The Australian Centre for International Agriculture Research reports that two biocontrol agents for Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed), one a stem-galling fly being used for the first time ever, are established in Sumatra and other areas of Indonesia. ....DNA fingerprinting indicates that new genotypes ofPhytophthorafungus introduced from Mexico are the primary source of recent late blight epidemics affecting Canadian and U.S. potato and tomato plants.

PUBLICATIONS AUTHORS, EDITORS, AND PUBLISHERS IPMnet NEWS wants to mention any publication related to or focused on IPM. To assure coverage, please send a review copy of the publication, with background information where to obtain copies, data about the author/editor(s), costs, and any other particulars or descriptive materials to: IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA After review, materials will be cataloged into the joint CICP/IPPC international IPM and crop protection literature collection (which the worldwide IPM/crop protection community is welcome to use) or returned if so requested.

3 New Titles from BCPC The dynamic press at the British Crop Protection Council has churned out three timely and informative new titles. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL INTRODUCTIONS:

OPPORTUNITIES FOR IMPROVED CROP PRODUCTION. As the proceedings of a November 1996 symposium, this 148-page work focuses on the potential, both positive and negative, of non-indigenous natural enemies of pests. Papers cover development, regulation, and safety procedures. Softbound, the symposium was chaired by international biocontrol authority J.K. Waage. SLUG & SNAIL PESTS IN AGRICULTURE. The more than 50 papers presented at a September 1996 symposium and gathered in this softbound proceedings may well represent the most definitive collection of malacological information published recently. Topics range over the myriad problems these important pests can cause in world agriculture, their consequent economic impact, and the toolbox of current and emerging technologies for implementing control. The book's full color cover alone is a marvelous depiction of the two pests. The symposium chair, I.F. Henderson, observes that the material presented gives lie to the mischievous canard that the pace of slug and snail research matches that of the targeted pests. GENETIC ENGINEERING OF CROP PLANTS FOR RESISTANCE TO PESTS AND DISEASES. Editors W.S. Pierpoint and P.R. Shewry melded a group of insightful contributions in preparing this 1996 report on what has evolved into a red hot topic. While primarily directed toward North European plants and conditions, the 103-page volume contains widely applicable basic information. In light of recent world developments, the two pages devoted to "Potential Risks and Hazards ..." will clearly need to be expanded in the future. These volumes, plus numerous other titles, and a free illustrated catalog are available from: BCPC Publications, Bear Farm, Binfield, Bracknell, Berks. RG42 5QE, U.K. Fax: 44-0-118-934-1998 Phone: 44-0-118-934-2727 **** Western U.S. Group Backs IPM A major, commercially oriented crop protection group in the western U.S. proclaims in a 1996 publication that, "IPM is a pest control strategy that is an integral part of overall crop production in the Western United States." The 28-page booklet, IPM: THE QUIET EVOLUTION, documents IPM's benefits and challenges and presents several case studies of successful IPM programs in the region. An impressive list of 41 organizations representing numerous crop growing associations, governmental agencies, and research institutions endorsed the publication, and publicly supports implementing IPM practices. FMI: Western Crop Protection Association, 3835 N. Freeway Blvd., Suite 140, Sacramento, CA 95834 Fax: 1-916-565-0113 Phone: 1-916-568-3660 Florida IPM Featured The second of a 2-volume series, PEST MANAGEMENT IN THE SUBTROPICS, subtitled, "Integrated Pest Management - A Florida Perspective," delves into IPM activities and projects carried out in the U.S. State of Florida. The 1996, 563-page hardcover work was edited by D. Rosen, et al, and provides both a chronicle of IPM work as well as analysis of emerging technologies. FMI: Intercept Ltd., PO Box 716, Andover, Hants. SP10 1YG, U.K. Fax: 44-0-1264-334058 Phone: 44-0-1264-334748 Genetics and Pesticide Resistance The American Chemical Association (ACS) in 1996 published MOLECULAR GENETICS AND EVOLUTION OF PESTICIDE RESISTANCE, vol. 645 in the long-running ACS Symposium Series. The 265-page, hardbound work, edited by T.M. Brown, reports on a 1995 symposium. FMI: ACS, Distribution Office, 1155 16th St. NW,

Washington, DC 20036, USA. Cicer arietinum Adaptation Reviewed Scientists from 11 nations contributed material, including several chapters on pest management, to ADAPTATION OF CHICKPEA IN THE WEST ASIA AND NORTH AFRICA REGION, a 262-page work published jointly by two major international agricultural research centers in 1996. For each country covered, there are maps for disease and selected insect pest incidence (but nothing about weeds). FMI: ICRISAT, Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA. Refer to: code BOE 022. Extension Weed Management Guide Even though published in 1989, AN EXTENSIONIST'S GUIDE TO RATIONAL WEED MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPING REGIONS, by international weed management specialist L.C. Burrill and colleagues, offers still valid information addressing the daunting challenge extension personnel face in assisting resource-strapped farmers with reducing the negative effect of unwanted plants competing with their crops. Chapters cover strategies, practices, farmer participation, and more. Copies of the 72-page, spiral bound work now are available at a cost of US to cover packing and surface postage. Send (pre-paid only) orders to: S.G. Larson, IPPC, 2040 Cordley Hall, OSU, Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA E-mail: Periodical Salutes IPM In its January 1997 issue, CROP PROTECTION MANAGER, an agrichemical industry-sponsored periodical, offers a useful definition of IPM as: "the management of pests by integrating host resistance, cultural, biological and chemical controls in a manner that minimizes economic, health and environmental risks." The periodical is published on a varying schedule in a dozen regional (U.S.) versions. Articles dwell on chemical pest management. FMI: CPM, 197 W. 12th St., Eugene, OR 97401, USA E-mail: Phone: 1-800-874-3276 excerpted, with kind permission, from CPM, 10(1), 1997. Methyl Bromide Study Published The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) offers free copies of the paper, "Agriculture, Methyl Bromide, and the Ozone Hole: Filling the Gap," by J.B. Ristaino. Contact: AAAS E-mail: Fax: 1-202-289-4950 Phone: 1-202-326-6600 OTHER RESOURCES IPM PUBLICATIONS IN FRENCH The French organization (CIRAD), devoted to agricultural research in the tropics and subtropics, publishes a wide array of materials predominantly in French. One 1996 title is: LUTTE INTEGREE LES RAVAGEURS DES CULTURES PERENNES TROPICALES, D. Mariau, ed, 200 pages. CIRAD offers a free catalog of materials. FMI: C. KauxJacquet, La Librairie du CIRAD, BP 5035, 34032 Montpellier Cedex 1, FRANCE E-mail: Fax: 33-0467-615-820 Phone: 22-0467-616-553 PLANT DISEASE FACT SHEETS A series of fact sheets offer practical information explaining the cause, symptoms, and suggested control techniques for a range of fruit and ornamental plant diseases. Each "Clinic Close-Up" describes the disease in question, how it impacts the focal plant (apple, pear, grape, berry, etc.), as well as a range of cultural and chemical application steps that can be taken for prevention and control. FMI: J.W. Pscheidt, Extension Plant Pathology, Plant Clinic, Dept. of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331-2903, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-541-737-2412 Phone: 1-541-737-3472 DIRECT ORDER MERCHANT ADDS WEB To a growing list of IPM-related traps, sampling equipment, and publications, Gempler's, a U.S.-based mail order merchant, has now added a new Web site at: The site is said to include: an IPM discussion group, on-line product ordering and catalog requests, a new products showcase, and access to technical support. Gempler's also offers free copies of its 268-page 1997 master catalog. FMI: Gempler's, PO Box 270, Mt. Horeb, WI 53572, USA E-mail: Phone: 1-800-382-8473 Fax: 1-800-551-1128 VIDEO INTRODUCES IPM FOR GROUNDNUTS A 1996 video, "To Spray or Not to Spray," primarily aimed at groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) producers in India,

introduces IPM procedures and the concepts of pesticide use reduction plus natural predators for insect management. FMI: Distribution Unit, IMEP, ICRISAT, Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA. GLOBAL PEST MANAGEMENT CD The Center for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI) has completed the first module in an ambitious 4-year effort to produce a CD-Rom for global pest management. Module 1 of the CROP PROTECTION COMPENDIUM (CPC) includes information (text, maps, illustrations) for over 1,000 major pests and their natural enemies in Southeast Asia and the Pacific region, along with additional data for 150 key world crops and 150 nations. The Module is said to be user-friendly and the equivalent of expensive library resources. At minimum, a 486 PC with extended memory is required to run CPC. CABI is currently offering a free trial based on selected data, plus a "pre-publication" price of US,600 (regularly US,000) each, as well as a special developing countries price of US0 (regularly US0). A free color brochure is available. FMI: CABI, Wallingford, Oxon, OX10 8DE, U.K. Fax: 44-0-1491 826090 E-mail: Phone: 44-0-1491-832111 TROPICAL PESTS ON THE WEB The Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Pest Management at the Univ. of Queensland, AUSTRALIA, has set up a web site at: It includes material about the pernicious tropical weed Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed), as well as newsletter links, symposia proceedings, and other information. WEB SITE FEATURES "IPM TALK" A U.S. farm magazine that sponsors a multi-topic web site recently added a new feature, "IPM Talk." The moderated site at: involves discussion of various aspects of IPM. One of the moderators is C.E. Benbrook, lead author of PEST MANAGEMENT AT THE CROSSROADS, a late-1996 publication (noted in the January issue of IPMnet NEWS). AUSTRALIAN PUBLICATIONS SOURCE Australia's CSIRO publishes a broad list of materials including titles related to pest management. To request free catalogs and other information, check out CSIRO's web page at: FMI: CSIRO Publishing, PO Box 1139, Collingwood, VIC 3066, AUSTRALIA Fax: 61-3-9662-7555 E-mail: Phone: 61-3-9662-7666 AQUATIC PLANT DRAWINGS OFFERED The Aquatic Plant Information Retrieval System (APIRS) at the Univ. of Florida (USA) now offers a collection of 114 looseleaf pages of aquatic plant drawings. Purchasers also receive updates of any new drawings, or revisions, prepared during the following year. FMI: V. Ramey, APIRS, Center for Aquatic Plants, Univ. of Florida, 7922 NW 71st Street, Gainesville, FL 32653-3071, USA E-mail: Phone: 1-352-392-1799 back to top IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM III. RESEARCH REVIEW research and findings related to IPM. This Month's Selected Materials (broadly grouped by pest categories) General "Bacillus thuringiensis Use in Agriculture: A Molecular Perspective," Cannon, R.J.C. BIOL. REV. OF THE CAMBS. PHILOS. SOC., 71(4), 561-636, November 1996. "Gaby: A Computer-based Decision Support System for Integrated Pest Management in Dutch Apple Orchards," Vanden Ende, E., et al. INTEG. PEST MGMT. REV., 1(3), 147-162, September 1996. "Integrated Pest Management of Coffee for Small-scale Farmers in East Africa: Needs and Limitations," Nyambo, B.T., et al. INTEG. PEST MGMT. REV., 1(3), 125-132, September

1996. "IPM Prevailing in Southeast Asia," Nakasuji, F. AGROCHEM. JAPAN, 68, 24-27, July 1996. "Pesticide Use, Habits and Health Awareness Among Egyptian Farmers," Stewart, D.J. AMBIO, 25(6), 425, September 1996. Phytopathology "Genetic Engineering of Potato for Broad-spectrum Protection Against Virus Infection," Tacke, E., et al. NATURE BIOTECH., 14(11), 1597-, November 1996. "Integrated Management of Canola Diseases Using Cultural Methods," Kharbanda, P.D., and J.P. Tewari. CAN. JRNL. OF PLANT PATH., 18(2), 168-175, June 1996. "Management of Powdery Mildew in Summer Squash with Host Resistance, Disease Threshold-based Fungicide Programs, or an Integrated Program," McGrath, M.T., and H. Staniszewska. PLANT DIS., 80(9), 1044-1052, September 1996. "Pearl Millet as an Alternate Host of the Sorghum Ergot Pathogen, Claviceps africana," Frederickson, D.E., and P.G. Mantle. INTL. SORGH. AND MILL. NEWSLTR., 37, 83-84, 1996. "The Role of Plant Clinics in Plant Disease Diagnosis and Education in Developing Countries," Ausher, R., et al. ANN. REV. OF PHYTOPATH., 34, 51-66, 1996. Weed Management "Annual Weed Distributions Can be Mapped with Kriging," Heisel, T., et al. WEED RESCH., 36(4), 325-338, August 1996. "Herbicide Resistant Crops Offer Hope in Fight Against Parasitic Weeds," Westwood, J. ISB NEWS REPORT, 2-4, December 1996. "Reduced Rates of Herbicides Following Hilling Controlled Weeds in Conventional and Reduced Tillage Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Production," Bellinder, R.R., et al. WEED TECH., 10(2), 311-316, April-June 1996. BioControl "Biological Control of Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) with the Plant Pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv phaseolicola," Zidack, N.K., and P.A. Backman WEED SCI., 44(3), 645-649, July September 1996. "Biological Control of Nutgrass (Cyperus rotundus) in Greengram (Phaseolus radiatus)," Prakash, O., et al. IND. JRNL. OF AGRIC. SCI., 66(5), 289-292, May 1996.

"Effects of Honeydew and Insecticide Residues on the Distribution of Foraging Aphid Parasitoids Under Glasshouse and Field Conditions," Longley, M., and P.C. Jepson. ENTOM. EXP. ET APPLICATA, 81(2), 189-188, November 1996. "Inundative Release of Common Green Lacewings (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) to Suppress Erythroneura variabilis and E. elegantula (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) in Vineyards," Daane, K.M., et al. ENVIRON. ENTOM., 25(5), 1224-1234, October 1996. "Potential Impact of Native Natural Enemies on Galerucella spp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Imported for Biological Control of Purple Loosestrife: A Field Evaluation," Nechtols, J.R., et al. BIO. CTRL., 7(1), 60-66, August 1966. Entomology "A Survey of Insecticide Resistance in Helicoverpa armigera in the Indian Subcontinent," Armes, N.J., et al. BULL. OF ENTOM. RESCH., 86(5), 499-514, October 1996. "Insect Control Through Use of Trap Crops," Naito, A. AGROCHEM. JAPAN, 68, 9-11, July 1996. "Insect Scouting and Management in Bt-transgenic Cotton," Layton, B. Publication 2108, Cooperative Extension Service, Mississippi State Univ., MS 39762, USA. E-mail: "Insecticidal Control of Cereal Aphids and its Impact on the Epidemiology of the Barley Yellow Dwarf Luteoviruses," Gray, S.M., et al. CROP PROT., 15(8), 687-698, December 1996. "Management of Insect Pests in Celery and Potato Crops by Pneumatic Removal," Weintraub, P.G., et al. CROP PROT., 15(8), 763-770, December 1996. "Potato Trap Crops for Control of Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Tomatoes," Hunt, D.W.A., and G. Whitfield. CAN. ENTOM., 128(3), 407-412, May-June 1996. "Potential of Kenyan Local Maize (Zea maize L.) Germplasm as a Source of Resistance to the Spotted Stem Borer Chilo partellus (Swinhoe)," Ajala, S.O., et al. TROP. AGRIC., 72(4), 297-302, October 1995. Vertebrate Management "Efficacy of Zinc Phosphide Baits to Control Voles in Alfalfa - An Enclosure Study," Sterner, R.T., et al. CROP PROT., 15(8), 727-734, December 1996. back to top U.S. REGIONAL IPM CENTERS AND THE IPM-CRSP --- news, developments back to top U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP) back to top

IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global IV. CALENDAR a global list (in two sections) of future IPM-related events (conferences, training courses, symposia, etc.) See also Meetings and Conferences listed in the WWW Virtual Library for Agriculture. IPMnet Calendar I. NEW (N), or REVISED (R) entries

In 1997 (N) 17-20 March BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF WEEDS MEETING, Auburn, AL, USA. Contact: P.A. Backman, Biological Control Institute, 226 Life Sciences Building, Auburn Univ., AL 36849, USA E-mail: (N) 20-21 March 2ND INTERNATIONAL SPARTINA CONFERENCE, Olympia, WA, USA. Contact: K. Patten, Washington State Univ., Rt. 1, Box 570, Long Beach, WA 98631, USA Fax & phone: 1-360-642-2031 E-mail: (N) 25 March NUTSEDGE MANAGEMENT WORKSHOP, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA. A day of training on the "World's Worst Weed," with presentations and handouts on all aspects of nutsedge biology and control. Contact: Registration, Nutsedge Workshop, 4106 Batchelor Hall Extension, Dept. of Botany, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0124, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-909-787-5717 Phone: 1-909-787-4430 (N) 28-30 April AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR A BETTER WORLD, ABSP 1997 Global Conference, Pacific Grove, CA, USA. Includes a poster session. Contact: Conference Secretariat, ABSP Project Conference Office, 414 Plant & Soil Sciences Building, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824-1325, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-517-432-1982 Phone: 1-517-353-5263 (N) 23-27 June 17TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON VIRUS AND VIRUS-LIKE DISEASES OF TEMPERATE CROPS, Bethesda, MD, USA. Contact: A. Hadidi, ARS-USDA Germplasm Resources Lab., Beltsville, MD, 20705, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-301-504-5551 (N) 18-21 August NEW ZEALAND PLANT PROTECTION CONFERENCE, Lincoln Univ., NEW ZEALAND. Contact: D. Crabb, Centre for Continuing Education, Lincoln Univ., Canterbury, NEW ZEALAND E-mail: Fax: 64-3-325-3840 (N) 1-5 September EUROPEAN SEMINAR ON FUSARIUM: MYCOTOXINS, TAXONOMY AND PATHOGENICITY, Szeged, HUNGARY. Contact: A. Mesterhazy, Cereal Research Institute, PO Box 391, H-6701 Szeged, HUNGARY E-mail: Fax: 36-62-434-163 Phone: 36-62-435-235 (N) 3-7 September WEED SCIENCE FOR EASTERN AFRICA CONFERENCE, Kampala,

UGANDA. Contact: D.S.O. Osiru, Crop Sci. Dept., Makere Univ., PO Box 7062, Kampala, UGANDA Fax: 256-041-531641 (R) Date change. 8-12 September 16TH ASIAN-PACIFIC WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY CONFERENCE, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA. Contact: B.H. Bakar, Botany Dept., Univ. of Malaya, 59100, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA E-mail: Fax: 60-3-759-4178 Phone: 60-3-759-4351 (N) 10-12 September ENTOMOLOGY ?, Univ. of Newcastle, UK. Contact: Registrar, Royal Entomological Society, 41 Queen's Gate, London SW5 5HR, U.K. Fax: 44-0171-581-8505 E-mail: (N) 29 September-3 October 11TH BIENNIAL CONFERENCE OF THE AUSTRALASIAN PLANT PATHOLOGY SOCIETY, Perth, AUSTRALIA. Contact: Secretary APPS, Plant Pathology, Dept. of Agriculture, Baron-Hay Court, South Perth, WA 6151, AUSTRALIA E-mail: Fax: 61-9-367-2625 (N) 24-26 November CONGRESO NACIONAL 1997 SOCIEDAD ESPANOLA DE MALHERBOLOGIA, Valencia, SPAIN. Contact: D. Gomez de Barreda, IVIA, Apdo. Oficial, E-46113 Moncada, SPAIN E-mail: Fax: 34-6-139-0240

In 1998 (N) 9-12 February WEED SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Chicago, IL, USA. Contact: WSSA, 1508 W. University Ave., Champaign, IL 61821-3133, USA Phone: 1-217-352-4212

In 1999 (N) 6-12 August JOINT MEETING OF THE AMERICAN AND CANADIAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETIES, Montreal, CANADA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA E-mail:> Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Phone: 1-612-454-7250

IPMnet Calendar II. PREVIOUSLY LISTED entries 1997 2-7 March 16TH ANNUAL CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE ENTOMOLOGIA, Salvador, Bahia, BRAZIL. Contact: A. Nascimento, President CBE97/EMBRAPA-CNPMF, Cx. Postal 07, CEP 44380-000, Cruz das Almas, BA, BRAZIL E-mail: 11 March TRANSGENIC CROPS,

NEW PERSPECTIVES IN CROP PROTECTION, London, U.K. Contact: SCI Conference Secretariat, 14/15 Belgrave Square, London SW1X 8PS, U.K. Fax: 44-0-171-235-7743 11-13 March THE COMMERCIALIZATION OF TRANSGENIC CROPS: RISK, BENEFIT AND TRADE CONSIDERATIONS. Canberra, AUSTRALIA. Aim: To make a balanced assessment of issues that are now perceived to be critical to the progress of transgenic plant projects. Contact: M. Gibbs, Cooperative Research Center for Plant Science, GPO Box 475, Canberra ACT 2601, AUSTRALIA E-mail: Fax: 61-6-246-5000 Phone: 61-6-246-5455 13-18 April INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN HORTICULTURAL CROPS, an international symposium, Agadir, MOROCCO. Oral and poster presentations related to integrated control of pests of horticultural crops, plus post-symposium tours. Contact: Institut Agronomique et Veterinaire Hassan II, BP 18/S, Agadir, MOROCCO Fax: 212-824-2243 Phone: 212-824-1006 14-16 April RESISTANCE ?, INTEGRATED APPROACH TO COMBATTING RESISTANCE, sponsored by IACR, Rothamsted, U.K. Third in a series of international conferences to review progress in addressing pesticide resistance. Contact: B.P.S. Khambay, IACR-Rothamsted, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, U.K. E-mail: Fax: 44-1582-760981 16-18 April MICROBIAL INSECTICIDES: NOVELTY OR NECESSITY, (symposium), Warwick, U.K. Contact: G. Beaumont, BCPE, Linden House, Old Stowmarket Road, Woolpit, Bury St. Edmonds IP30 9QS, U.K. Fax: 44-0-1359-241434 21 April-16 May 4TH INTERNATIONAL TRAINING COURSE ON BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF ARTHROPOD PESTS & WEEDS, Ascot, U.K. Contact: S. Williamson, International Institute of Biological Control, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berks SL5 7TA, U.K. E-mail: Fax: 44-1344-875007 Phone: 44-1344-872999 6 May 49TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CROP PROTECTION, Univ. of Gent, BELGIUM. Contact: L. Tirry, Faculty of Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, BELGIUM Phone: 32-0-9-264-6152 Fax: 32-0-9-264-6239 19 May-13 June 1997 COURSE ON TROPICAL PEST MANAGEMENT AND APPLICATION TECHNOLOGY, Ascot, U.K. Practical instruction on safe, effective application of pesticides as part of an integrated pest management program. Contact: International Pesticide Application Research Centre, Biology Dept., Imperial Coll. of Sci., Tech. and Medicine, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berks SL5 7PY, U.K. E-mail: g.matthews@ic Fax: 44-0-1344-294450 Phone: 44-0-1344-294234 29-31 May INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ACREMONIUM/GRASS INTERACTIONS, Atlanta, GA, USA. Contact: N.S. Hill, Dept. of Agronomy, Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

2-7 June GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON SORGHUM ERGOT, Sete Lagoas, MG, BRAZIL. Overviews, regional presentations, and management strategies. FMI: R.E. Schaffert, EMBRAPA/CNPMS, Rod MG 424, km 65, C.P. 151, 35701-970 Sete Lagoas, MG, BRAZIL E-mail: Fax: 55-31-773-9252 Phone: 55-31-773-5644 22-26 June 10TH EUROPEAN WEED RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM, Poznan, POLAND. Includes worskshops, posters, and field excursions. Contact: EWRS Symposium ?, c/o BBA Inst. f. Unkrautforschung, Messeweg 11-12, D-38104 Braunschweig, GERMANY Fax: 49-531-299-3010 Phone: 49-531-299-3903 6-11 July 21ST BRAZILIAN CONGRESS OF WEED SCIENCE, Hotel Gloria, Caxambu, MG, BRAZIL. Contact: J.B. da Silva, EMBRAPA/CNPMS, C.P. 151, 35701-970 Sete Lagoas, MG, BRAZIL E-mail: Fax: 55-031-771-0240 Phone: 55-031-773-2863 19-23 July SOCIETY OF NEMATOLOGISTS ANNUAL MEETING, Sheraton El Conquistador Resort, Tucson, AZ, USA. Contact: M.A. McClure, Dept. of Plant Pathology, 204 Forbes Bldg., Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-520-621-9290 Phone: 1-520-621-7161 9-13 August AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Rochester, NY, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA Phone: 1-612-454-7250 Fax: 1-612-454-0766 E-mail: 1-4 September 2ND TURKISH WEED SCIENCE CONGRESS, Izmir, TURKEY. Contact: Y. Nemli, E.U. Ziraat Faultesi, Bitki Koruma Bolumu, Bornova/Izmir 35100, TURKEY. 15-17 September UNDERSTANDING PATHOSYSTEMS: A FOCUS ON SEPTORIA (15th Long Ashton International Symposium), Bristol, U.K. Contact: H.M. Anderson, IACR-Long Ashton, Bristol BS18 9AF, U.K. E-mail: Fax: 44-0-1275-394007 25-27 September SYMPOSIUM ON CROP PROTECTION & FOOD QUALITY, MEETING CONSUMER NEEDS, Univ. of Kent, Canterbury, U.K. Contact: CASI, 4 New Cavendish Square, London W1M 0BX, U.K. Fax: 44-0-171-629-3233 Phone: 44-0-171-499-0900 7-11 October 7TH INTERNATIONAL VERTICILLIUM SYMPOSIUM, Cape Sounion, GREECE. Contact: R.C. Rowe, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Ohio State Univ., Wooster, OH 44691, USA E-mail: Fax: 1-216-263-3841 10-15 October MICROBIAL CONTROL OF PESTS IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural Univ., Copenhagen, DENMARK. Contact: J. Eilenberg, Dept. of Ecology and Molecular Biology, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural Univ., Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK-1871 Frederiksberg, DENMARK E-mail: Fax: 45-35-282670 Phone: 45-35-282660 17-20 November BRIGHTON CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE 1998, WEEDS, Brighton, UK. Contact: CASI Ltd., 4 New Cavendish Square, London W1M 0BX, U.K. Fax:

44-0-171-629-3233 Phone: 44-0-171-499-0900 13-18 December ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING, Opryland, Nashville, TN, USA. Contact: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Suite 300, Lanham, MD 20706, USA Fax: 1-301-731-4538 Phone: 1-301-731-4535 E-mail: 1998 23 February-1 March INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PESTICIDE USE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: IMPACT ON HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT, San Jose, COSTA RICA. Contact: Y. Astorga, Univ. Nacional, Apdo. 86-3000, Heredia, COSTA RICA Phone: 506-277-358 Fax: 506-277-3583 E-mail: Web: 2-7 August 9TH IUPAC INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS: PESTICIDE CHEMISTRY, London, UK. Contact: J.F. Gibson, Royal Soc. of Chemistry, Burlington House, London W1V 0BN, U.K. Fax: 44-171-734-1227 Phone: 44-171-437-8656 9-16 August 7TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PLANT PATHOLOGY, Edinburgh, UK. Contact: ICPP98 Congress Secretariat, c/o Meeting Makers, 50 George Street, Glasgow, Scotland G1 1QE, U.K. E-mail: Fax: 44-141-552-0511 Phone: 44-141-553-1930 17-21 August 5TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ADJUVANTS, Memphis, TN, USA. Contact: A. Underwood, FISAA, c/o Helena Chem. Co., 6075 Poplar Ave., Suite 500, Memphis, TN 38119, USA Fax. 1-901-761-2640 Phone: 1-901-537-7260 23-28 August 6TH INTERNATIONAL MYCOLOGICAL CONGRESS, Jerusalem, ISRAEL. Contact: Secretariat, PO Box 50006, Tel Aviv 61500, ISRAEL E-mail: Fax: 972-3-5175674 Phone: 972-3-5140014 24-28 August 3RD INTERNATIONAL FOREST VEGETATION MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE. Contact: IFVNC #3, Ontario Forest Research Institute, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, 1235 Queen Street E., Sault Ste Marie, ONT P6A 5N5, CANADA E-mail: Fax 1-705-946-2030 Phone: 1-705-946-2981 9-12 November BRIGHTON CROP PROTECTION CONFERENCE 1998, PESTS & DISEASES, Brighton, UK. Contact: CASI Ltd., 4 New Cavendish Square, London W1M 0BX, U.K. Fax: 44-0-171-629-3233 Phone: 44-0-171-499-0900 6-10 December AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOC. and ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC. OF AMERICA JOINT MEETING, Las Vegas, NV, USA. Contact: J.M. Schimml, APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA Fax: 1-612-454-0766 Phone: 1-612-454-7250 E-mail:

Please send information about future events to: or, IPMnet NEWS, c/o Integrated Plant Protection Center 2040 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-2915, USA Fax: 01-541-737-3080

IPMnet Sponsor IPMnet, a Global IPM Information Service, is sponsored, produced, and provided (without cost to recipients) by the Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP). The Consortium, 12 educational/research institutions with strong interests in development, research, and productive application of rational crop protection and pest management, has been an international presence for over 20 years. Current members are: Univ. of California, Cornell Univ., Univ. of Florida, Univ. of Hawaii, Univ. of Illinois, Univ. of Minnesota, North Carolina State Univ., Oregon State Univ., Univ. of Puerto Rico, Purdue Univ., Texas A&M Univ., and the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. R.E. Ford (Univ. of Illinois) chairs CICP's Board of Directors, J.D. Harper (N. Carolina State Univ.) is Vice chairman, G.L. Teetes (Texas A&M Univ.) is Treasurer, and G.A. Schaefers (Cornell Univ.) serves as Executive Director. B.D. Russell is Assistant to the Director. E-mail: The Consortium maintains an administrative office at: CICP, Cornell Univ., NYSAES, Geneva, NY 14456-0462, USA. E-mail: Phone: 01-315-787-2252. IPMnet's Web page and computer server are administered by R.E. Stinner (North Carolina State Univ.) E-mail:

The IPMnet NEWS sponsored, produced, and provided by CICP. Mention of specific products, processes, institutions, organizations, or individuals in the IPMnet NEWS does not imply support nor criticism by CICP, nor any individual associated with CICP, nor any of its member institutions. Information in IPMnet NEWS may be reprinted or quoted provided the IPMnet NEWS is fully identified as the source.

CICP Newsletter Advisory Committe J.D. Harper, chair A. Alvarez D. Dickson M. Kogan, ex-officio G. Schaefers, ex-officio

IPMnet NEWS Coordinator/Editor - A.E. Deutsch

Contributions to the IPMnet NEWS ..... are encouraged from individuals, organizations, and institutions engaged in any aspect of crop protection, especially IPM. Short items describing experiences, successes, problems, and solutions are welcome. So too are questions, recommendations, viewpoints (pro and con), and IPM-related opinion statements.

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This mosaic version of IPMnet NEWS was marked up by J. E. Bacheler for the Center for IPM. The Center takes full responsibility for the appearance of this document.


A number of other government-supported activities, directly or indirectly related to IPM, avoided funding cuts. These covered extension, res...


A number of other government-supported activities, directly or indirectly related to IPM, avoided funding cuts. These covered extension, res...