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IPMnet NEWS November 2004, Issue no. 131 ISSN: 1523-7893 Š Copyright 2005 IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs International IPM Program Funded A robust assemblage of 18 U.S. educational and agricultural institutions has been awarded a US million grant by the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID) to conduct a 5-year program that advances international IPM in developing regions. Originally begun over a decade ago, the IPM Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM-CRSP) now enters Phase III with a mandate to initiate new IPM activities aimed at pest management problems of global concern via competitive grants involving regional U.S. pest management programs. S.K. De Datta, lead principal investigator for the IPM-CRSP and international programs administrator at Virginia Techthe IPM-CRSP management entitynoted that, "Research results will benefit the countries involved through increased farm income, reduced pesticideuse, greater involvement of women in IPM," and in other ways. Previous IPM-CRSP activity sites included Bangladesh, Uganda, Malawi, the Philippines, Mali, the Caribbean, Armenia, and others. For example, research in the Philippines identified and developed IPM strategies for onion root-knot nematode estimated to have generated US0,000 per year in local benefits. The IPM CRSP's goal is to develop, and implement worldwide, a replicable, integrated approach to pest management that will reduce agricultural losses, mitigate damage to natural ecosystems, and prevent contamination of food and water supplies. Dr. De Datta said the program will be designed around the four U.S. regional IPM Centers and, "Involve cross-cutting global IPM themes, such as invasive species, insect-transmitted viruses, regional diagnostic laboratories, IPM information technologies and databases, and impact assessment. Technical, social, policy, economic, and education issues will be addressed." Internationally recognized entomologist E.A. Heinrichs has been named program director for the IPM-CRSP where he was interim program director in 2003-04. Dr. Heinrichs brings to the program a clear vision of IPM's global importance, supported by his broad range of hands-on

experience with implementation of integrated pest management in developing regions. Nine U.S. universities will be direct partners in the IPM-CRSP with an additional nine, including the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture and the Univ. of Puerto Rico, involved through their membership in the Consortium for International Crop Protection, an IPM-CRSP partner itself, and sponsor of IPMnet. De Datta pointed out that in addition to the 18 partner institutions, a number of international agricultural research centers and private sector groups supported the proposal prepared by Virginia Tech and partners that was submitted to AID. *> E.A. Heinrichs, IPM-CRSP, Litton Reaves Hall, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0334, USA. .Fax: 1-540-231-3519. Phone: 1-540-231-3513. Web: . Minimizing Biocontrol Risks Comments from the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) administrator suggest an increasing incidence worldwide of biological control efforts "going wrong" due to disregard for effective national pest risk analysis prior to introduction and release of a biocontrol agent into a country or ecosystem. IPPC's D.C. Nowell remarked that, "One should also not assume that if one country uses a specific biological control agent, then it should be good/safe for all. This does not mean we should, or cannot, use results or risk analyses done elsewhere, but merely [that] we need to look at our specific ecosystem to ensure the risks associated with such an introduction are 'acceptable.' If we base decisions on bad, or lack of, science, the impact and consequences can sometimes be greater than the initial problem we are trying to control." In the international context, the IPPC ensures there is a national responsibility (obligation to contracting parties) to manage the import and release of biological control agents and organisms claimed to be beneficial (all from a pest risk perspective). In addition, since 1995-96 International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) have been established to provide guidance in this regard. Registration and use of biopesticides is a separate issue, usually occurring after phytosanitary concerns have been appropriately addressed. Dr. Nowell commented that though the process, "Sounds very official and tedious, it is a lot easier than most realize and can go a long way to making sure we do not damage our environment any more than it already is." *> D.C. Nowell, IPPC Secretariat, FAO-AGPP, viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, ITALY. .Fax.: 39-06-570-56347. Phone: 39-06-570-52034.Web: . GLOBAL IPM "SNAPSHOTS" Dense Mimosa pigra (giant mimosa) stands were effectively controlled by integrating fire, biocontrol, herbicides, and crushing. *> Q. Paynter, . [Repeated due to an e-mail address error (last issue). IPMnet apologizes for the error and any inconvenience caused.] An IPM approach (scouting) generated significant economic gains compared to weekly or biweekly fungicide treatments against Phytophthora infestans (late blight) on potato production in SW Uganda. *> O.M. Olanya, Common legume

species were shown to strongly attract Deroceras reticulatum (common field slug) and act as a trap crop. *> A.S. Brooks, Joint use of two predatory lady beetles in a horticultural greenhouse biologically controlled Trialeurodes vaporariorum (greenhouse whitefly). *> E. Lucas, Several plant secondary compounds, such as the citronellys, were found to be highly repellent to several key pest herbivore avian species. *> A.G. Hile, . back to top IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources Another Milestone With this, its 131st issue, IPMnet NEWS begins a 12th year of continuous publication and global dissemination of IPM-related information. A few facts (muted trumpet in background): issue no. 1 was dated November 1993 and was sent to just over 300 recipients, predominantly in the U.S.; the current issue (no. 131) was e-mailed to you and over 3,300 of your colleagues located in 132 nations; web versions (in both HTML and PDF) began with issue no. 16; total readership including e-mail, web, and "pass-along" files varies from issue to issue, but ranges from 4,000 to nearly 5,000; early subscribers may recall that the first two issues (only!) were labeled "Global IPM Information Service Electronic Newsletter," a confirmed tongue twister flying under the less-than-distinguished acronym of "GIPMIS Newsletter," promptly changed to IPMnet NEWS; IPMnet NEWS has published brief reviews of over 300 publications and dozens of websites. IPMnet NEWS began as, and remains, an entirely free-to-all information resource that does not accept any advertising or other paid materials. The NEWS was originally conceived by the Consortium for International Crop Protection (CICP) Board of Directors and has always been produced and sponsored by CICP, now with external funding from the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture's Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service. But it is members of the global "IPM community" who have time and time again provided the articles, ideas, papers, and information that comprise the NEWS and, through their interest, helpkeep the NEWS viable. It is hoped that new arrivals to the global IPM community, and those not currently taking advantage of free IPMnet membership wouldavail themselves of this opportunity. Nudge, nudge. For it is the readers, contributors, funders, and founders who collectively deserve credit for the NEWS and the resulting eleven years of expanding IPM global information dissemination on record. Another IPM Pioneer Lost With the recent death of Australian entomologist D. Smith, the country, as well as the global IPM community, lost not only a strong advocate for integrated pest management, but an active practitioner and innovative researcher as well. According to colleagues, Dr. Smith will be remembered for his significant contribution in actively working toward a sustainable IPM program for Queensland State's globally recognized citrus growing industry. While involved in a variety of projects, Smith's best known activities focused on classical biocontrol where he achieved success, but only after what one of his colleagues calls "a revealing, often turbulent, but eventually triumphant journey of development, demonstration, and

implementation of an IPM system for Queensland citrus that is regarded as a spectacular success throughout the world." He was personally responsible for the introduction of several beneficial organisms that have demonstrated important benefits to the citrus industry and for an approach, at first doubted, that has now been widely adopted. He followed a fully integrated approach by testing and promoting the registration of practically every selective pesticide that is currently used in Queensland citrus, especially avermectin and several insect growth regulators, and oils. Smith was first to investigate and apply protein bait sprays for fruit fly control. His IPM expertise was broadly sought leading to numerous overseas consulting activities. In collaboration with others, he helped produce a variety of publications, papers, and other information pieces promoting IPM principles and biocontrol. His accomplishments and reputation as a tireless advocate of biocontrol and IPM will be sorely missed. excerpted, with thanks, from information generously provided by G. Waite and D. Papacek. PUBLICATIONS PERUSED PEST INSECTS IN CENTRAL AMERICA A comprehensive new publication from the Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (CATIE) profiles INSECTOS PLAGAS DE CULTIVOS PERENNES CON ENFASIS EN FRUTALES EN AMERICA CENTRAL (Insect Pests of Perennial Crops with Emphasis on Fruit in Central America). Author/entomologists D. Coto and J.L. Saunders have packed this 408-page reference (in Spanish) with a systematized view of crop damaging insects including detailed descriptions, hosts, and distribution ranges for each pest insect (or group), plus various viable management options in most cases. Beside nomenclature lists, the 2004, softbound work presents over 400 full color photos (on coated paperstock) identifying eggs, larvae, nymphs, pupae, and both male and female insects, and concludes with a huge bibliography. Serie tecnica, manual tecnico 52. *> G. Gitli, CATIE, 7170 Turrialba, COSTA RICA. Fax: 506-556-1533. . Phone: 506-556-6431. Web: . KEEPING PALMS HEALTHY A recent addition to the notable APS phytopathology compendia bookshelf, COMPENDIUM OF ORNAMENTAL PALM DISEASES AND DISORDERS, is an updated and expanded version of a 1991 publication. Authors M.L. Elliott, et al have divided this extensively revised 2004, 72-page work into two sections: Infectious Diseases; and Physiological Disorders, which mayin some casesappear very similar in palms. In addition to a thorough text, the softbound publication includes more than 230 full color photos to help provide an overview of disease, nutritional, and environmental problems that affect palms used in landscape and ornamental settings. The combined written and visual information presented could be invaluable to anyone responsible for palm health in municipal, residential, or other ornamental settings. *> APS Press, 3340 Pilot Knob Rd., St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. . Fax: 1-651-454-0766. Phone: 1-651-454-7250. Web: . WEB, PUBLICATION, CD, AND VIDEO NOTES

A BIOCONTROL SUCCESS STORY Classical biocontrol applied in the citrus producing region in Australia's Queensland state has resulted in reduced pesticide usage with no loss of fruit quality. One aspect of the success, according to Integrated Pest Management Pty., a supplier of biocontrol materials, has been a coordinated approach between researchers, growers, and the private sector. A second edition of the DVD, "Best Friends, Natural Enemies," reports on the citrus biocontrol work and reviews classical biocontrol, mass rearing and release of beneficial organisms, monitoring for both pests and beneficials, and related cultural programs. The 20-minute program also highlights the complex process and ongoing research commitment involved in implementing IPM in general and biocontrol specifically. The new edition updates and expands the initial effort produced in 1989. *> Integrated Pest Management Pty., Bowen St., Mundubbera, 4626 QLD., AUSTRALIA. . Fax: 61-7-4165-4626. Phone: 61-7-4165-4663. Web: . thanks to D. Papacek for information. ROTHAMSTED REPORTS ITS PROGRESS Continuing the tradition of producing an information rich, visually superb publication, the ROTHAMSTED RESEARCH ANNUAL REPORT 2003-2004 lives up to its positive reputation. In 72 pages of colorful large format presentation, the report covers the "world class science for sustainable land-management" activities ongoing at Rothamsted, even amidst organizational changes and programmatic shifts. Of particular note, Rothamsted staff members were collaboratively involved in the globally watched farm scale evaluations of genetically modified herbicide-tolerant crops (FSEs) conducted in the UK. The report observes that, "the FSEs mark the first time that a new agricultural technology has been subject to large, field-scale environmental impact assessment before adoption" and that FSEs were a unique case "where biodiversity considerations are given as much weight as agronomic benefits in decisions about crop cultivation." The narrative also speculates that, "it is likely that such assessments will become a more regular feature of future approval procedures." *> E. Bartlet, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK. . Fax: 44-(0)-158-276-0981. Phone: 44-(0)-158-276-3133. Web: PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES IPM/PLANT PATHOLOGY TECHNICAL OFFICER , Rome, ITALY * Provide a range of IPM/plant pathology support to national and local IPM programs of FAO member countries, and to FAO field projects; help stimulate and create IPM networks and promote community-based participatory approaches; analyze pest and plant disease/pathogen problems; collaborate with staff and others to consider regulatory strategies in the context of international trade and plant biosecurity; perform other related duties. * REQUIRES: advanced university degree in plant pathology or a closely related discipline; 5 years of relevant experience in IPM programs including field studies, training, surveys, planning and monitoring in tropical countries; familiarity with principles of plant health and IPM; fluency in English, French, or Spanish and limited knowledge of one of the other two; ability to plan and organize programs. Contact: V.A. 1319-AGP, Chief, Plant Protection Service, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, ITALY. Fax: 39-06-570-56347. .Web: thanks to A.J. Hruska and M.A. Vaughan for information.

STUDENT RESEARCH AWARD The International Organization for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants (IOBC) has announced a competition for student research associated with the topic, "Integrated Control in Protected Crops, Temperate Climate." Author of the winning paper will be invited to a 2005 meeting in Finland and given a monetary award. Deadline for submission: 10 December 2004. *> A. Enkegaard, Dept. of Crop Protection, Danish Inst. of Agric. Sci., Resch. Ctr. Flakkebjerg, DK-4000 Slagelse, DENMARK. .Fax: 45-581-13301. Phone: 45-581-13300. EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, & SERVICES MASSIVE COLLECTION INCLUDES PEST PHOTOS A British source offers a 120,000 entry specialized collection of photographs covering world agriculture including weeds, pest arthropods, and pathogens. Holt Studios, established in 1981, can provide a broad international selection ranging from dramatic landscapes to detailed close-up illustrations and high resolution color photos, representing the efforts of more than 70 photographers. From the Holt website www.holt viewers can select scanned images to be delivered as either transparencies or ready-to-print high resolution scans. Additionally, Holt will accept assignments to take photos of specific subjects. The firm also has produced a number of technical posters, predominantly about plant pests, and collaborated in producing publications concerning plant pests. *> Holt Studios, Coxes Farm, Branscombe, Seaton, Devon EX12 3BJ, UK. . Fax: 44-0-1297-680478. Phone: 44-0-1297-680569. BIOCONTROL FORUM OFFERED A U.S. supplier of IPM-related materials and biocontrol agents has revamped and expanded its website to include a complete primer on biocontrol, interactive forums, help desks, and a photo gallery. The site was designed to be of service to those involved with biocontrol so they "can, talk, share, learn, and succeed," according to the firm's press release. *> The Green Spot, 93 Priest Rd., Nottingham, NH 03290-6204, USA. Fax: 1-603-942-8932. . back to top IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM THIS MONTH'S SELECTED TITLES General "Image Processing for Distance Diagnosis in Pest Management," Koumpouros, Y., et al. * COMPUT. AND ELEC. IN AGRIC., 44(2), 121-131, August 2004. "The Combined Effects of Pathogens and Predators on Insect Outbreaks," Dwyer, G., et al. * NATURE, 430, 341-345, July 2004. Phytopathology "Managing Soilborne Plant Diseases through Selective Soil Disinfestation by a Knowledge-based Application of Soil Amendments," Lazarovits, G. * PHYTOPARA., 32(5), 427-432, 2004. "Simulations of Fungicide Runoff Following Applications for Turfgrass Disease Control," Vincelli, P. * PLANT DIS., 88(4), 391-396, April 2004. Weed Science "Forage Productivity, Species Evenness and Weed Invasion in Pasture Communities," Tracy, B.F., and M.A. Sanderson. * AGRIC., ECOSYS., & ENVIRON., 102(2), 175-183, April 2004. "Weed Biological Control: Applying Science to Solve Seemingly Intractable Problems," Briese,

D.T. * AUSTRAL. JRNL. OF ENTOM., 43(3), 304-317, August 2004. Entomology "An Index for Selective Toxicity of Miticides to Phytophagous Mites and their Predators Based on Orchard Trials," Hardman, J.M., et al. * PEST MGMT. SCI., 59(12), 1321-1332, December 2003. "Effects of Transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis Potato and Conventional Insecticides for Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Management on the Abundance of Ground-dwelling Arthropods in Oregon Potato Ecosystems," Duan, J.J., et al. * ENVIRO. ENTOM., 33(2), 275-281, April 2004. Bt Sub-section "Interaction of Bacillus thuringiensis Toxins with Larval Midgut Binding Sites of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)," Estela, A., et al. * APPLD. AND ENVIRON. MICROBIO., 70(3), 1378-1384, March 2004. Nematology "Bioassay to Forecast Cereal Cyst Nematode Damage to Wheat in Fields," Bonfil, D.J., et al. * PRECISION AGRIC., 5(4), 329-344, August 2004. Vertebrate Management " "Improving the Persistence of a Formulation of the Avian Repellent Cinnamamide, for the Protection of Autumn-sown Oilseed Rape," Cotterill, J.V., et al. * PEST MGMT. SCI., 60(10), 1019-1024, October 2004 back to top U.S. REGIONAL IPM CENTERS AND THE IPM-CRSP --- news, developments Symposium: IPM Adoption and RIPMCs A symposium considering the role of the four Regional IPM Centers(RIPMCs), "Increasing IPM Adoption with IPM Centers: Mission Impossible?" is scheduled to begin at 8:00 a.m. on Wednesday, 17 November 2004, in conjunction with the Entomological Society of America's annual meeting at Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Presentations at the symposium by eight individuals involved with various aspects of IPM will highlight the event and range from "Increasing accountability: Are IPM Centers the solution?" to the viewpoints of an independent crop consultant, a governmental administrator, and an organic agriculture advocate. *> S.T. Ratcliffe, Crop Sciences, Univ. of Illinois, 1102 S. Goodwin, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. . Phone: 1-217-333-6651. Web: excerpted, with thanks, from the North Central IPM Center "CONNECTION" newsletter, September 2004. back to top U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP) back to top IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global (N)ew or [R]evised Entries (only) 2004 No (N) ew or [R]evised listings reported for this year. 2005 (N) 05-07 January * 79TH ANNUAL WESTERN ORCHARD PEST & DISEASE MANAGEMENT CONFERENCE, Portland, OR, USA. Contact: 79th WOPDMC, c/o Tree Fruit Resch. and Ext. Ctr., 1100 N. Western Ave., Wenatchee, WA 98801, USA. Phone: 1-509-663-8181. Web: 30 January-01 February * 2005 ANNUAL

CONFERENCE, ASSN. OF APPLIED IPM ECOLOGISTS, "Adding Value and Reducing Costs: New Ways for IPM Professionals to Make a Profit," Tenaya/Yosemite, CA, USA. Contact: J. Klein, PO Box 10880, Napa, CA 94581, USA. . Phone/fax: 1-707-265-9349. Web: (N) 06-10 June * INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CURRENT ISSUES ON THE INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF INSECT PESTS AND DISEASE VECTORS IN AFRICA, Legon-Accra, GHANA. Contact: Secretary, AAIS, PO Box 59862, Nairobi, KENYA. . Web: 19-22 June * 8TH QUEENSLAND WEED SYMPOSIUM, Townsville, QLD, AUSTRALIA. Contact: W. Vogler, . Fax: 61-07-4787-3969. Phone: 61-07-4787-0607. (N) 29 June-01 July * 8TH WORKSHOP ON SPRAY APPLICATION TECHNIQUES, Barcelona, SPAIN. Contact: C.E. Gonzalez, Dept. d'Eng. Agro. Tecnologia, Escola Sup. d'Agric. de Barcelona, Univ. Polytec. de Catalunya, c/Urgell, 187, 08036 Barcelona, SPAIN. . Phone: 34-934-137548. Fax: 34-934-137501. Web: 24-28 August * 15TH AUSTRALIAN WEEDS CONFERENCE, "Managing Weeds in a Changing Climate," Adelaide, SA, AUSTRALIA. Contact: Plevin and Assoc. Pty. Ltd., PO Box 54, Burnside, 5066 SA, AUSTRALIA. . Fax: 61-8-8379-8177. Phone: 61-8-8379-8222. Web: 2008 & 2009 No (N) ew or [R]evised listings reported for these years. 2010 12-16 December * ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ANNUAL MEETING San Diego, CA, USA. Contact: ESA, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham, MD 20706-3115, USA. Fax: 1-301-731-4538. . Web: .