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IPMnet NEWS April 2004, Issue no. 124 ISSN: 1523-7893 Š Copyright 2005 IPM NEWS --- international IPM news and programs New Pesticide Conduct Code Adopted The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) adopted the latest version of its "International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides" in late 2002 and now CropLife International, the global federation of plant protection and science industry, recently announced unqualified support for the revised Code. To that end, in February 2004 CropLife issued a new version of its own "Guide for Industry on the Implementation of the FAO Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides." The 44-page document is available at: or can be requested. The aim of the voluntary code "is to increase the responsible and judicious use of crop protection products and to provide a global standard, particularly in those regions where existing controls are inadequate." Moreover, CropLife notes that the Code, "underscores the increased responsibility of all stakeholders in further reducing health and environment risks that may be associated with an inappropriate use of crop protection chemicals." The CropLife "Guide" summarizes the responsibilities advocated by the FAO Code and their implications for industry. "The most important aspects," CropLife concludes, "concern the responsible life-cycle management of crop protection products: from their development, regulation, production, packaging and labeling, quality control, marketing, distribution, application, use and control to their final disposal." The FAO Code document can be downloaded from the website: in any of five language versions and either html or PDF. *> CropLife International, Ave. Louise 143, B-1050 Brussels, BELGIUM. . Fax: 32-2-542-0419.Phone: 32-2-542-0410. -excerpted with thanks from CropLife materials. Insect Resistance Learning Site Opens The first online site dedicated to informing corn (maize) growers about the basic, standardized

principles and importance of Insect Resistance Management (IRM) has been voluntarily created under the aegis of the U.S. National Corn Growers Association (NCGA). Dubbed the IRM Learning Center (IRMLC), the new open site at is a proactive effort by industry to provide corn growers with access to information and training on IRM, as well as IPM, plus the key corn pest insects targeted by the various strains of transgenic corn designed to resist them. Visitors to the IRMLC will find it organized in sections. There is an option within each section to answer a series of questions to demonstrate knowledge of the topic. Users who provide satisfactory responses can print out a certificate of completion. The site is freely available. Additionally, interested organizations and companies have the option to customize this web tool within their own websites for use by their customers or clients, according to the sponsoring association. *> NCGA, 632 Cepi Dr., Chesterfield, MO 63005, USA. . Fax: 1-636-733-9005. -thanks to S. Lloyd for information. GLOBAL IPM SNAPSHOTS Two whitefly species found in Colombian Phaseolus vulgaris (snap bean) were best controlled under current practices by combining natural parasitoids with chemical application. *> M.R. Manzano, . Applying the soil bacterium Serratia plymuthica, strain A153, to fields of spring wheat, barley, and potato in Sweden yielded unsatisfactory weed suppression from a practical standpoint. *> R. Weissmann, . The U.S. state of Florida now offers a 500+ page, 3,000 photo website said to be the first complete website about aquatic plant management in Florida. Work in Australia showed that sheep can spread huge amounts of the weed Malva parviflora (smallflowered mallow) due to its small, hardcoated seed surviving digestion. *> P. Michael, . Nearly 800 experts and 120 citizen's groups have signed a U.S. "call to action on invasive species" on behalf of a national coalition, according to the Union of Concerned Scientists. *> See: (click "invasive species"). back to top IPM MEDLEY --- publications and other IPM information resources India's Thriving IPM Center In 1988, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research established a National Centre for Integrated Pest Management (NCIPM) to address emerging needs for crop protection alternatives across India's many agroecological zones.

The Centre's mandate involves: developing and promoting IPM technologies for numerous major crops in a manner that sustains or improves crop yields "with minimum ecological implications;" developing information on all aspects of pest management; advising on related national pest management priorities; extending IPM nationally through linkages, collaborative programs, and consultation. The NCIPM website .in offers access to a series of IPM modules covering rice, cotton, pulses, and other crops, as well as monitoring and forecasting data, biocontrol agents, plus additional features. More than a dozen online databases are available on topics ranging from basic demographic information to pesticide and biopesticide registration, and crop protection recommendations for crops nationwide. Other documents, such as a newsletter and an annual report, may be accessed and an IPM discussion forum has just started. *> NCIPM, Lal Bahadur Shastri Bldg., IARI Campus, Pusa, New Delhi110 012, INDIA. Fax: 91-11-258-41472. Phone: . PUBLICATIONS PERUSED TROPICAL FRUIT DISEASES PROFILED With extensive details and well over 100 color photos, DISEASES OF TROPICAL FRUIT CROPS presents an up-to-date summary of the pathogens attacking more than two dozen economically and socially important tropical and subtropical fruit crops. Editor R.C. Ploetz, backed by contributions from 30 international experts, discusses the history, distribution, importance, aetiology, epidemiology, and control of diseases for each host crop. The hardbound, 2003 work a contemporary reference also covers taxonomy, origins, and key characteristics of each host, usefully supplemented by dozens of black and white photos, line drawings, and tables. The 546-page volume's concluding chapter rapples with the all-important aspect of tropical fruit disease management and offers an informed current overview as well as a vision for the future. *> Cabi Publishing, Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8DE UK. . Fax: 44-0-1491-833508.Phone: 44-0-1491-832111. Web: www.cabi . NEW EDITION OF WALNUT IPM MANUAL Twenty two years ago the Univ. of California's statewide IPM "project" published INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR WALNUTS Juglans as one in a pioneering IPM publications series. Now, the same highly evolved program has issued a third edition of this same title, but in a graphically pleasing larger format with dozens of additional full color photos. The 2003, 136-page work includes: an additional 24 illustrated pest problem discussions (for a total of 90); a completely revamped and up-to-date section on Cydia pomonella (codling moth) with information about a new kairomone lure that attracts both male and female moths; and, expanded chapters covering weed management and vertebrate pests. The manual, quite simply, is conceived, designed, and produced to help growers and pest management professionals "apply the principles of IPM to walnut crops in California," but also with implications for many other regions. The modestly priced softbound volume, Pub. #3270, is carefully organized, clearly written, and very attractively presented. *> ANR, Univ. of California, 6701 San Pablo Ave., 2nd. floor, Oakland, CA 94608-1239, USA. Fax: 1-510-643-5470. . Phone: 1-510-643-2431. Web: .

WEED MANAGEMENT IN EUROPE With 130 full length papers, Special Issue XIX of the JOURNAL OF PLANT DISEASES AND PROTECTION (Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenshutz) comprises the PROCEEDINGS, 22ND GERMAN CONFERENCE ON WEED BIOLOGY AND WEED CONTROL, convened at Stuttgart in March 2004. Each paper is included in either German or English, with abstracts for every paper in both languages. This year's meeting attracted 250 participants from Europe and beyond. The event emphasized ecological farming and non-chemical weed management. Editors K. Hurle, et al deftly grouped papers in a variety of interrelated topics and, no small feat, had the 1,047-page proceedings completed in time for the conference. The perfect-bound, paperback work is printed on high quality, non-reflecting coated paperstock. For anyone interested in the direction of contemporary weed management in much of Europe, this will be a valuable and informative reference source. *> Verlag Eugen Ulmer, PO Box 70-05-61, D-70574 Stuttgart, GERMANY. . Web: . INSECTICIDES BROADLY CONSIDERED A 2003 publication from Chile considers the use, role, and various implications of insecticidal materials. Editors G.S. Aguayo and R.H. Gallo drew on the expertise of 16 contributors and compiled the resulting BASES PARA EL MANEJO RACIONAL DE INSECTICIDAS, a 310-page work in Spanish. Topics included in the 12 chapters range from a brief history of insecticides to their use and evaluation under field conditions. Discussions also cover biocontrol and the role of insecticides in IPM programs. The softbound monograph focuses on Chilean conditions, but offers interesting non-geographically limited insights. *> G.S. Aguayo, Dept. de Prod. Vegetal, Fac. de Agronomia, Univ. de Concepcion, Vicente Mendez 595, Casilla 537, Chillan, . DIVERSITY AIDS PEST MANAGEMENT Professed "self-made social scientist," entomologist, and agroecologist M.A. Altieri wrote the first edition of BIODIVERSITY AND PEST MANAGEMENT IN AGROECOSYSTEMS in 1994. In 2004, now in tandem with C.I. Nicholls, Dr. Altieri has published a 2nd, updated edition of this monograph. Several "case studies" have been added to the current edition as well as a new chapter, "The Dynamics of Insect Pests in Agroforestry Systems," while all other chapter titles remain unchanged as do the ambiguities and imprecision of the text. The softbound work has expanded to 236 pages (from 185) and remains steadfast in its statement that "the pesticide-based approach to pest control has reached its limits," and its advocacy of systems that "use ecological principles in order to take full advantage of the benefits of biodiversity in agriculture." Notably, of the 346 references compiled, 32 percent are pre-1980, 21 percent 1995 or later, and 29 articles list the prolific Altieri as first author while many others include him as a second or third author. *> Food Product Press/Haworth, 10 Alice St., Binghampton, NY 13904-1580, USA. . Fax: 1-607-771-0012. Phone: 1-607-722-5857. Web: WEB, PUBLICATION, CD, AND VIDEO NOTES MANAGING DISEASES OF WHEAT In 2000, a team of scientists produced a 44-page publication, MANAGEMENT OF WHEAT DISEASES IN THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES, AN INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT APPROACH, that presents an extensive compilation of wheat disease information for the indicated geographic area, but with far wider application. The complete work, including a section of four-color photos and a glossary, now can

be freely downloaded from the web at (shown here as a 2-line URL): .Authors C.A. Hollier, et al embed their text in an IPM matrix and discuss wheat diseases caused by fungi, viruses, bacteria, and nematodes, as well as separating pathogens that occur at various growth stages, or that attack specific parts of the wheat plant. IPM FOR PARKS A not-for-profit organization in the U.S. dedicated to reducing public health risks and environmental impacts has prepared a freely available manual, IPM FOR PARK DISTRICTS. Running approximately 80 pages, the publication discusses what compiler-editor J.Q. Knight refers to as "safe, effective, and cost efficient methods for controlling" four main groups of pests. The illustrated publication can be downloaded from and includes numerous sample documents from parks and other organizations that have adopted reduced risk pest management strategies. The text, presenting some definitions that may vary from those used elsewhere, focuses on public areas in the Chicago, IL. area, but clearly has broader applicability. *> J.Q. Knight, Safer Pest Control Project, 25 E. Washington, Suite 1515, Chicago, IL 60602, USA. . Fax: 1-312-641-5454.Phone: 1-312-641-5575. PROTECTING GRAPES FROM HERBICIDE DRIFT A just published document offers useful information for PREVENTING HERBICIDE DRIFT AND INJURY TO GRAPES. Authors D.A. Ball, et al, use photos and text to describe the negative impact some frequently used herbicides can have on grape plants. The 8-page paper sets forth steps to reduce the risk to grapevines from drifting herbicide such as avoiding application during those time periods when the plants are most sensitive. The document, #EM8860, can be downloaded from or ordered in hardcopy form. *> Publication Orders, AgCom, 422 Kerr, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331-2119, USA. Fax: 1-541-737-0817. . PEST MANAGEMENT BULLETIN GETS MAKEOVER The web version of "Pest Management & Crop Development Bulletin" published through the extension channel at the Univ. of Illinois (USA) has reappeared for 2004 in a new format as "The Bulletin." Issue no. 1, released on 18 March 2004, explains the periodic newsletter's new layout, and introduces several new features and capabilities. Despite extensive revamping, The Bulletin's subscriptions remain free, and "IPM" can still be found in its web address: . *> K. Steffey, . PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES TREE FRUIT POLICY SPECIALIST, Wenatchee, WA, USA. * Develop, document, and represent state tree fruit industry positions in IPM, best management practices, worker exposure, water quality and quantity, and related issues; maintain strong linkages with other state, regional and national tree fruit organizations. * Requires: MS or PhD (preferred) in agricultural or biological science; training/experience in pest management and crop production; strong skill in oral, written, and electronic communication; demonstrated project management and public relations capability. Contact: D. Wiser, Washington Tree Fruit Research Commission, 1719 Springwater Ave., Wenatchee, WA 98801, USA. . Phone: 1-509-665-8271.Fax: 1-509-663-5827. Web: . EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS, & SERVICES

WEED MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE UPDATED The 2004 version of WeedSOFT, a decision support system for weed management, has added such features as a record keeping module, several earning modules, and an expanded advisory feature, plus several other useful upgrades while dramatically reducing the software's cost. The advisory function can now make recommendations selectively for an herbicide-resistant crop. WeedSOFT is designed to assist growers, consultants, and extension personnel in making both proactive and reactive weed management decisions, now expanded to cover seven U.S. north central states. The tool is said to be " comprehensive and ecologically sound" having been continually tweaked and refined over three years. Rational for the program is the ability to integrate "economic, regulatory, and environmental considerations with relevant biological knowledge" about the region's weeds, with an identification database for 64 prevalent weed species, plus the crop. Modules in the program can generate weed management plans for various scenarios, as well as offer mapping capability and alerts to environmental issues. For detailed information and ordering, visit . NEW UTILITY VEHICLE DEBUTS Kubota Tractor Corp. (KTC) has just introduced a 3 cylinder diesel powered utility vehicle with all-wheel drive option and a range of potential capabilities for pest management operations. The RTV900 features selective 2-, or 4-wheel drive, a continuously variable transmission, wet disc brakes, differential lock, power steering, dumping cargo box, and a range of accessories including an enclosed cab with roll-over protection. The cab has seating for both driver and passenger. *> KTC, . back to top IPM RESEARCH/TECHNICAL PAPERS --- categories and topics related to IPM THIS MONTH'S SELECTED TITLES General "Crop Protection What Will Shape the Future Picture?" Atkinson, D., et al. * PEST MGMT. SCI., 60(2), 105-112, February 2004. "Nozzle Choice and its Effect on Spray Deposit and Distribution, Uptake, Drift and Biological Efficacy in Standard Apple Orchards Malus sylvestris cv Jonagold)," Jaeken, P., et al* PFLANZ.- NACHRICHTEN BAYER, 56(2), 326-353, 2003. Phytopathology "A Wheat Canopy Model for Use in Disease Management Decision Support Systems," Milne, A., et al. * ANNS. OF APLD. BIOL., 143(3), 265-274, December 2003. Weed Science123132"Predicting the Spread of Herbicide Resistance in Australian Canola Fields," Baker, J., and C. Preston. * TRANSGENIC RESCH., 12(6), 731-737, December 2003. "Prospects for the Management of Invasive Alien Weeds Using Co-evolved Fungal Pathogens: A Latin American Perspective," Ellison, C.A., and R.W. Barreto. * BIOL. INVASIONS, 6(1), 23-45, 2004. "Transgenic Cotton with Improved Resistance to Glyphosate Herbicide," May, O.L., et al. * CROP SCI., 44(1), 234-240, January-February 2004. Entomology "Comparison of Estimated Costs and Benefits of Site-specific Versus Uniform Management for the Bean Leaf Beetle in Soybean," Krell, R.K., et al. * PRECI. AGRIC., 4(4), 401-411, December 2003. "The 'Lure and Kill' Technique in Bactrocera oleae (Gmel.) Control: Effectiveness Indices and Suitability of the Technique in Areawide Experimental Trials," Petacchi, R., et al. * INTERNAT. JRNL. OF PEST MGMT., 49(4), 305-311, October-December

2003. Bt sub-Section "Transgenic Plants Expressing Two Bacillus thuringiensis Toxins Delay Insect Resistance Evolution," Zhao, J.-Z., et al. * NATURE BIOTECH., 21(12), 1493-1497, December 2003. back to top U.S. REGIONAL IPM CENTERS AND THE IPM-CRSP --- news, developments Easing Access to IPM Information An ongoing partnership between four U.S. land grant universities in the states of Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, and Montana that has produced the electronic "High Plains Integrated Pest Management Guide" serves as an effective example of applying 21st century technology to IPM information collection and dissemination. The collaborative website at replaced a cumbersome and expensive hardcopy binder and rendered the included information accessible, timely, searchable, and readily available for downloading by any interested party, noted entomologist W.T. Lanier (at Montana State Univ.) who spearheaded conversion of the binder's data into a user-friendly website. Material at the site covers a wide range of general topics related to IPM, and then offers pest insect and disease management options for the region's crops as well as livestock. A separate category contains "weed pest information links." The site's arrangement facilitates contact with the specialists who authored various sections. Another feature accommodates those without access to computers so an extension agent with access can request specific information be printed and mailed to a client who does not have easy Internet access. The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, the Western Region IPM Center, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (region 8) support and cooperate with the site which has been under development for several years and remains a dynamic, evolving information conduit. *> W.T. Lanier, . back to top U.S. AID's IPM-Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP) back to top IPMNET CALENDAR --- recent additions and revisions to a comprehensive global (N)ew or [R]evised Entries (only) 2004 (N) 21-22 April * PLANT HEALTH 2004, "Role of Crop Protection in Enhancing the 3rd Engine of Growth," Bangi, Selangor, MALAYSIA. Contact: M.M. Salleh, Hort. Resch. Ctr., MARDI HQ, PO Box 12301, GPO, 50774 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA. .

Fax: 60-03-8943-7623. Phone: 60-03-8943-7228. Web: . (N) 10 May * LA PROTECTION DES VEGETAUX DANS UN CONTEXTE D'UTILISATION REDUITE DES PESTICIDES CHIMIQUES, Montreal, Que., CANADA. Contact: M-E. Cardinal, Reseau Quebecois de Recherche en Phytoprotection, Pavillon de l'Envirotron, Bureau 1217, Univ. Laval, Quebec, QUE G1K 7P4, CANADA. Fax: 1-418-656-3515. Phone: 1-418-656-2131. . Web: . (N) 13-16 June * 5TH EUROPEAN PESTICIDE RESIDUE WORKSHOP, Stockholm, SWEDEN. Contact: EPRW 2004, National Food Admin., PO Box 622, SE-751 26 Uppsala, SWEDEN. . Fax: 46-18-17-5353. Phone: 46-18-17-5500. Web: . [R] Dates corrected * 31 July-04 August * AMERICAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Anaheim, CA, USA. Contact: APS, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, MN 55121-2097, USA. Fax: 1-612-454-0766. . Website: . (N) 27 September-01 October * INTERNATIONAL FUSARIUM LABORATORY WORKSHOP, Pretoria, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: T. Coutinho, Microbiology & Plant Pathology, Univ. of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, SOUTH AFRICA. . Fax: 27-12-420-3960. Phone: 27-12-420-3934. Web: . (N) 03-05 October * CALIFORNIA PLANT HEALTH ASSOCIATION ANNUAL MEETING, Kaanapali Beach, HI, USA. Contact: S. Miller, CPHA, 1801 I St., Suite 200, Sacramento, CA 95814, USA. . Fax: 1-916-446-3067. Web: . Phone: 1-916-446-3316. (N) 08-10 December * 19th COLUMA CONFERENCE/INTERNATIONAL MEETING ON WEED CONTROL, Paris, FRANCE. Contact: AFPP, 6, Blvd. de la Bastille, F.75012 Paris, FRANCE. . Fax: 33-01-4344-2919. Phone: 33-01-4344-8964. Web: 20-21 January * INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON GRAPEVINE TRUNK DISEASES, Stellenbosch, SOUTH AFRICA. Contact: P. Fourie, Dept. of Plant Path., Stellenbosch Univ., Stellenbosch, SOUTH AFRICA. . Fax: 27-21-808-4956. 2006 (N) April * INTERNATIONAL PLANT RESISTANCE TO INSECTS WORKSHOP, West Lafayette, IN, USA. Contact: R.H. Shukle, Dept. of Entomology, Purdue Univ., 901 W. State St., West Lafayette, IN 47907-2089, USA. 2007-2009 No (N) ew/[R]evised events for these years to cite in this issue.


The CropLife "Guide" summarizes the responsibilities advocated by the FAO Code and their implications for industry. "The most important aspe...