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warmtetechniek

Bas de Zwart, Peter Heijboer

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Voor het aardwarmteproject in Den Haag Zuidwest worden momenteel de boringen uitgevoerd. Hiermee is een start gemaakt straks ongeveer vierduizend woningen en 20.000 m² bedrijfsruimte van aardwarmte te voorzien. Den Haag is de eerste Nederlandse stad waarbij aardwarmte op zo’n grote schaal wordt toegepast. De verwachte CO2-reductie gaat een aanzienlijk bijdrage leveren aan de doelstelling in 2040 CO2-neutraal te zijn.

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1. De formatietemperaturen bij start en na dertig jaar.

704

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PRINCIPE GEOTHERMIE Rqghu" jhrwkhuplh" zrugw" yhuvwddq=" Ðkhw" jheuxlnhq" ydq" zdupwh" xlw" glhsh" ddugodjhq" rp" kxl}hq/" ndqwruhq" ri" ndvvhq" wh" yhuzduphq/" ri" hohnwulflwhlw" rs" wh" zhnnhqÑ1" Gh" zdupwh" lq" gh"ddugh"lv"ghhov"hhq"uhvwdqw"ydq"gh"zdupwh"glh"elm"gh"yru0 plqj" ydq" gh" ddugh" ddqzh}lj" zdv/" hq" rqwvwddw" gdduqddvw" qrj" vwhhgv"grru"udglrdfwlhyh"surfhvvhq"lq"gh"nhuq"ydq"gh"ddugh1" Gh" whpshudwxxu" ehguddjw" klhu" rqjhyhhu" 81333" ̈F1" Yld" frq0 yhfwlh"hq"jhohlglqj"zrugw"gh"zdupwh"qddu"khw"ddugrsshuyodn" jhwudqvsruwhhug1" Lq" Qhghuodqg" qhhpw" gh" zdupwh" ydqdi" khw" ddugrsshuyodn"jhplgghog"6"̈F"wrh"shu"433"p"glhswh1"Rs"hhq" glhswh"ydq"5"np"ehguddjw"gh"whpshudwxxu"flufd":3"̈F1 Gh" ddugnruvw" lv" rsjherxzg" xlw" yhuvfkloohqgh" di}hwwlqjhq" +iru0 pdwlhv," glh" ehvwddq" xlw" xlwhhqorshqgh" pdwhuldohq1" Vrppljh" irupdwlhv"}lmq"grruodwhqg"hq"ehydwwhq"zdwhu/"gdw"gh}hoigh"whp0 shudwxxu"dov"khw"rpulqjhqgh"pdwhulddo"khhiw1"Grru"erulqjhq"lq" gh"grruodwhqgh"ghohq"ydq"gh"irupdwlhv"ndq"glw"zdwhu"zrughq" rqwwurnnhq1" Gh" zdupwh" zrugw" yrru" yhuzduplqj" jheuxlnw" hq" khw" dijhnrhogh" zdwhu" zrugw" yhuyrojhqv" zhhu" lq" gh" irupdwlh" jh‚qmhfwhhug"zdduddq"khw"lv"rqwwurnnhq1 Qlhw" dooh" irupdwlhv" }lmq" jhvfklnw" yrru" jhrwkhuplh1" Doohuhhuvw" prhw"hu"yrogrhqgh"zdwhu"ddqzh}lj"}lmq/"klhuelm"vshhow"gh"sr0 urvlwhlw"ydq"gh"irupdwlh"hhq"jurwh"uro1"Whyhqv"prhw"gh"grru0 odwhqgkhlg" +shuphdelolwhlw," jurrw" jhqrhj" }lmq" rp" zdwhu" ddq" gh" irupdwlh" wh" rqwwuhnnhq1" Yrru" yrogrhqgh" }hnhukhlg" ryhu" gh" wrhsdveddukhlg" ydq" jhrwkhuplh" prhw" dowlmg" yrrudijddqg" ddq"gh"uhdolvdwlh"hhq"xlwjheuhlg"jhrorjlvfk"rqghu}rhn"zrughq" xlwjhyrhug1"Yrru"khw"jhrorjlvfk"rqghu}rhn"zrughq"jhjhyhqv" jheuxlnw"ydq"ehvwddqgh"rolh0"hq"jdvsxwwhq"lq"gh"rpjhylqj"hq" zrugw" ddq" gh" kdqg" ydq" ddqzh}ljh" vhlvplvfkh" gdwd" gh" rs0 erxz"ydq"gh"rqghujurqg"lq"ndduw"jheudfkw1 Rs" edvlv" ydq" khw" jhrorjlvfk" rqghu}rhn" lv" jheohnhq" gdw" yrru" khw"surmhfw"Ddugzdupwh"Ghq"Kddj"gh"}rjhkhwhq"Ghoiw"]dqg0 irupdwlh"jrhg"jhvfklnw"lv"yrru"gh"wrhsdvvlqj"ydq"jhrwkhuplh1" Gh" glhswh" ydq" gh" Ghoiw" ]dqgirupdwlh" ydulhhuw" lq" khw" surmhfw0

qryhpehu 2010 vv+

XX33"926/9280kpff"""926

32/33/32"""2:<2;


2. De booropstelling.

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Khw" ylqghq" ydq" hhq" jhvfklnwh" erruorfdwlh" Ì" plgghq" lq" eh0 erxzgh" rpjhylqj" Ì" lv" hhq" }hhu" frpsoh{" surfhv" hq" hu" }lmq" yhoh" idfwruhq" glh" klhuelm" hhq" uro" vshohq1" Doohuhhuvw" yhujw" khw" eruhq" ydq" gh" jhrwkhuplheurqqhq" hhq" ddq}lhqolmn" uxlpwheh0 vodj/" gdduqddvw" prhwhq" gh" erulqjhq" hq" gh" zdupwhfhqwudoh" }lfk"}r"glfkw"prjholmn"elm"gh"zdupwhyudjhuv"ri"0lqiudvwuxfwxxu" ehylqghq1" Rrn" prhw/" yrru" khw" ehsdohq" ydq" gh" erruorfdwlh/" uhnhqlqj" zrughq" jhkrxghq" phw" khw" ihlw" gdw" gh" irupdwlh" ydqxlw" gh" erruorfdwlh" phw" plqlpdoh" erruohqjwh" ndq" zrughq" ddqjherrug1"Gh"glhswh"hq"glnwh"ydq"gh"irupdwlh"ndq"lpphuv" ornddo" vwhun" ydul uhq1" Qd" khw" rqghu}rhnhq" ydq" yhuvfkloohqgh" prjholmnh" erruorfdwlhv" eohhn" gh" orfdwlh" qddvw" gh" kxlvduwvhq0 srvw" Khw" Oh|hqgdn/" qdelm" khw" Kdjd" ]lhnhqkxlv" ddq" gh" Oh|0 zhj/"khw"phhvw"jhvfklnw"wh"}lmq1 Khw"uxlpwhehvodj"ydq"gh"erruorfdwlh"lv"ddq}lhqolmn"hq"ehguddjw" flufd" 433{63" p1" Rs" gh}h" orfdwlh" lv" gh" erruwruhq" jhsoddwvw" phw"gh"sulpdluh"yrru}lhqlqjhq"rp"gh"erruwruhq"wh"nxqqhq" odwhq" guddlhq/" }rdov" erruexl}hq/" djjuhjdwhq/" srpshq/" vfkxg0 }hyhq/"eudqgvwriwdqnv"hq}ryrruw1 Xlwyrhuhq" ydq" glhsh" erulqjhq" plgghq" lq" vwhgholmn" jhelhg" yhuhlvw/" qddvw" gh" ddqgdfkw" yrru" gh" uxlpwholmnh" lqsdvvlqj/" rrn" elm}rqghu"yhho"ddqgdfkw"yrru"yhloljkhlg"hq"ryhuodvw"yrru"rp0 qryhpehu vv+

2010

XX33"926/9280kpff"""927

705 32/33/32"""2:<2;


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3. Het principe van het aardwarmtesysteem Den Haag.

706

grru"gh"zlmn/"zdduphh"khw"zduph"zdwhu"qddu"gh"zrqlqjhq" hq" dqghuh" jherxzhq" zrugw" jhwudqvsruwhhug1" Gh" whpshud0 wxxu" lq" gh" ddqyrhuohlglqj" ehguddjw" :3" ̈F/" gh}h" lv" jhnr}hq" rp" ddq" gh" zhwwholmnh" hlvhq" yrru" wdszdwhuyhuzduplqj" lq" gh" zrqlqjhq" wh" nxqqhq" yrogrhq1" Qdgdw" khw" zduph" zdwhu" }lmq" zdupwh"lq"gh"zrqlqj"khhiw"dijhjhyhq/"vwurrpw"khw"phw"hhq" whpshudwxxu"ydq"68"¤"73"̈F"grru"gh"uhwrxuohlglqj"whuxj"qddu" gh"fhqwudoh1"Hhq"yrogrhqgh"odjh"uhwrxuwhpshudwxxu"lv"hvvhqwl0 hho"elm"jhrwkhuplhsurmhfwhq1"Krh"odjhu"gh"uhwrxuwhpshudwxxu/" krh"phhu"zdupwh"xlw"khw"jhrwkhuplvfkh"zdwhu"ndq"zrughq" rqwwurnnhq"hq"krh"hiÛfl qwhu"khw"v|vwhhp"xlwhlqgholmn"lv1 Wlmghqv" khw" zdupwhwudqvsruw" ydq" gh" fhqwudoh" qddu" gh" diqh0 phuv"wuhghq"zdupwhyhuolh}hq"rs1"Gh}h"yhuolh}hq"zrughq"}r0 yhho"prjholmn"ehshunw"grru"jrhgh"ohlglqjlvrodwlh/"lq"gh"hqhu0 jlhehuhnhqlqjhq"}lmq"gddurp"gh"yhuolh}hq"yhuglvfrqwhhug1"Gh" wrwdoh"hqhujlhehvsdulqj"lq"khw"surmhfw"ydq"uxlp"98"surfhqw"lv" lqfoxvlhi"gh"zdupwhyhuolh}hq"lq"khw"ohlglqjqhw1 Gh"ddugzdupwhohyhulqj"ylqgw"soddwv"phw"shu"zrqlqj"jhsoddwv0 wh" zdupwhdÜhyhuxqlwv1" Gh}h" }rujhq" yrru" gh" ohyhulqj" ydq" zdupwh" ddq" gh" yorhuyhuzduplqj" hq" gh" zdupwdszdwhuehuhl0 glqj1" Gh" zdupwhdÜhyhuxqlw" ehydw" rrn" hhq" zdupwhphwhu" glh"gh"dijhqrphq"zdupwh"uhjlvwuhhuw/"glw"lv"gh"edvlv"yrru"gh" grru"gh"ehzrqhuv"wh"ehwdohq"zdupwhnrvwhq1

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qryhpehu 2010 vv+

XX33"926/9280kpff"""928

32/33/32"""2:<2;


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huidige nieuwbouw (EPC = 0,8) passiefhuis (route 1) geothermie (route 2) investering + exploitatie

41"Ehvsduhq="yhuoddj"gh"hqhujlhehkrhiwh"ydq"gh"zrqlqjhq"}r" yhu"prjholmn/"}rdov"elm"khw"Sdvvlhikxlvfrqfhsw1 51"Yhujurhqhq="vwd"wrh"gdw"gh"zrqlqjhq"hqhujlh"yudjhq/"pddu" zhn" glh" hqhujlh" gdq" gxxu}ddp" rs1" Elmyrruehhog" grru" gh" lq}hw"ydq"froohfwlhyh"zdupwhqhwwhq"phw"jhrwkhuplh1 Ehlgh"urxwhv"ohlghq"wrw"hhq" HSF"ydq"3/71"Khw"Sdvvlhikxlvfrq0 fhsw" uhgxfhhuw" gdduelm" gh" zdupwhyuddj" yrru" uxlpwhyhuzdu0 plqj" hq" zdup" wdszdwhu" phw" rqjhyhhu" :3" surfhqw" whq" rs0 }lfkwh" ydq" kxlgljh" qlhxzerxz1" Elm" jhrwkhuplh" lv" gh" zdup0 whyuddj" yrru" uxlpwhyhuzduplqj" hq" zdup" wdszdwhu" lghqwlhn" ddq" gh" kxlgljh" qlhxzerxz/" pddu" zrugw" gh" zdupwh" phw" gh" ddugzdupwheurqqhq" jhohyhug1" Yrru" ehlgh" urxwhv" uhgxfhhuw" gh"irvvlhoh"hqhujlhyuddj"phw"soxvplqxv"98"surfhqw1 Yrru" ehlgh" urxwhv" prhw" hhq" h{wud" lqyhvwhulqj" zrughq" jh0 gddq"glh"zrugw"jhfrpshqvhhug"grru"odjhuh"h{sorlwdwlhodvwhq" +Ûjxxu"7,1"Khw"eolmnw"gdw"jhrwkhuplh"}lfk"lq"rqjhyhhu"wzlqwlj" mddu" whuxjyhuglhqw1" Sdvvlhi" erxzhq" vfrruw" Ì" phw" hhq" whuxj0 yhuglhqwlmg" ydq" flufd" 68" mddu" Ì" qrj" qlhw" jrhg1" Ilqdqflhho" jh0 }lhq" lv" jhrwkhuplh" rs" glw" prphqw" gxv" lq" khw" yrrughho" whq" rs}lfkwh" ydq" sdvvlhi" erxzhq1" Qddu" yhuzdfkwlqj" }xoohq" gh" phhunrvwhq" yrru" lqqrydwlhyh" frpsrqhqwhq" dov" gulhyrxglj" jodv/" wkhuplvfk" rqghueurnhq" nr}lmqhq" hq" ghujholmnh/" jddq" gd0 ohq" grru" gh" pdunwzhunlqj/" dqdorrj" phw" gh" nrvwhqrqwzlnnh0 olqj"ydq"ku..0jodv1

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tijd [a]

4. Ontwikkeling van contante waarde voor huidige nieuwbouw, Passiefhuis en geothermie. De rendementseis is 6,5 procent, langetermijngasprijsstijging 2,5 procent, elektra 0,8 procent en inflatie 2 procent. De ‘rimpels’ in de curves zijn herinvesteringen.

qlqjhq/"zdw"}hnhu"lq"gh"zrqlqjerxz"hhq"gxlgholmn"yrrughho"lv1" Jhrwkhuplh" lv" hyhqhhqv" lq" wh" }hwwhq" yrru" gh" yhugxxu}dplqj" ydq" ehvwddqgh" vwdgvyhuzduplqjvsurmhfwhq1" Ehvwddqgh" vwdgv0 zdupwhqhwwhq"zhunhq"phhvwdo"phw"ddqyrhuwhpshudwxuhq"ydq" <3" Ì" 433" ̈F/" hu" }lmq" gdq" glhshuh" jhrwkhuplheurqqhq" qrglj" }rgdw" zdupwh" ydq" glw" whpshudwxxuqlyhdx" ddq" gh" erghp" ndq" zrughq"rqwwurnnhq1

Auteurs Edv"gh"]zduw/"LI"Whfkqrorj| Shwhu"Khlmerhu/"GZD

qryhpehu vv+

2010

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Geothermie  

Uniek geothermieproject in Den Haag Zuidwest