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ENGLIS’S EASY

ENGLIS’S EASY- ENGLIS’S EASY- ENGLIS’S EASY- ENGLIS’S EASY

ENGLISH’S EASY


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S. TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER………………………………………………………………………………………………...………i Table of Contents…………………………………………………………………………………………….ii UNIT I Greetings and leave takings……………………………………………………………………..1 Introducing oneself and others…………………………………………………………………………3 Personal Pronoun…….………………………………………………………...………………………...5 Simple Present Tense……...…………………………………………………………………………….7 Thanking……….…………………………………………………………………………………………..9 UNIT II Describe things…………...…………………………………………………….………………………17 Describe persons………………………………………………………………….………………………18 UNIT III Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers..…………………………………………….………………………..23 Describing events (times, days, months, and years)…………………….………….……………25 Singular and Plural forms of noun..…………………………………………….……………………27 UNIT IV Expressing regrets, sympathy, apology………………………………………………….………….43 Expressing feeling……………………….…………………………………………………….………...32 Asking for and giving permission………………………..………………………………….…........35 Commands and requests………………………………………………………...……….36 Offering things or Services………………………………………………………………37

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GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

UNIT

I

1. Yes-no questions 2. Questions tag 3. Questions words 4. Gerund as subjects and objects 5. Handling guest

Vocabulary achievement: <

Go home

Take

Do my

have breakfast

Homework

Drive

cook fried rice

take a nap

find a key

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GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

I.

YES-NO QUESTIONS Be (am, is,are/was, were) Auxiliary Verb (do, does/did, have)

Adjective, Noun, Adverb

+

S

+

Modal (can, will, shall, may, must )

V1

?

Modal

 Present forms a. Are you a secretary? Yes, I am/ No, I am not b. Is your father a teacher? Yes, she is/ No, she is not c. Am I lazy? Yes, you are/ No, you are not d. Do you take a nap every day? Yes, I do/ No, I do not e. Do they have breakfast at school? Yes, they do/ No, they do not f. Does Rina go to school every morning? Yes, she does/ No, she does not g. Can you drive? Yes, I can/ No, I cannot h. Have you done your homework? Yes, I have/ No, I have not i.

Has he found his key? Yes, he has/ No, he has not

j.

Will your mother make fried rice tonight? Yes, she will/ No, she won’t  Past forms

a. Were you here the day before yesterday? Yes, I was/no, I was not b. Was he at school last week? Yes, He was/ no, He wasn’t c. Did the boys play basketball yesterday? Yes, They did/ no, they didn’t d. Did Ana go to Bali last weekend? Yes, She was/ no, She wasn’t

TEST 1 o Change the following Sentences into Yes/No Questions! 1. She stay there = 2. She is staying there = 3. She will stay here = 4. She is going to stay there = 5. They stayed there = 6. They will be staying there = 7. They should stay there = 8. He has stayed there = 9. He has been staying there = 10. John is there = 3


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

Vocabulary achievement:

Smoking

Fishing

Reading

playing basketball

Sorting

playing a

The Mail

violin

Collecting stamps

Surfing The Internet

2. QUESTION TAGS Notes: o Positive – negative o Negative – Positive o Subject →pronoun (I, You, They, We, He, She, It) o Exception; I am → aren’t I? I am not → am I? o Let’s + Verb 1, Shall we?

1. Present forms 1.1 Positive 4


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S. a. You are a secretary, aren’t you? b. Your father is a teacher, isn’t he? c. I am lazy, aren’t I? d. They take a nap every day, don’t they? e. Rina goes to school every morning, doesn’t she? f. He can drive, can’t he? g. You have done your homework, haven’t you? h. She has found her key, hasn’t she? i.

Your mother will make fried rice tonight, won’t she?

1.2 Negative a. You are not a secretary, are you? b. Your father is not a teacher, is he? c. I am not lazy, am I? d. They do not take a nap every day, do they? e. Rina does not go to school every morning, does she? f. He can’t drive, can he? g. You have not done your homework, have you? h. She has not found her key, has she? i.

Your mother won’t make fried rice tonight, will she?

2. Past forms a. You were not here the day before yesterday, were you? b. He was not at school last week, was he? c. The boys did not play basketball yesterday, did they? d. Ana did not go to Bali last weekend, did she? 1.3 Imperative a. Let’s go to school, shall we? b. Let’s take a bath, shall we?

Test 2 5


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

FILL IN THE BLANK! 1. They Want to come, ……… ………….…….. ? 2. Elizabeth is a dentist, ……………………..….. ? 3. They won’t be here, , ……………………..….. ? 4. There aren’t any problems, , ……………………..….. ? 5. That is your umbrella, , ……………………..….. ? 6. George is a student, , ……………………..….. ? 7. He’s learned a lot in the last couple of years, , ……………………..….. ? 8. He has a bicycle, , ……………………..….. ? 9. Joan can’t come with us, , ……………………..….. ? 10. She’ll help us later, , ……………………..….. ? 11. I am invited, , ……………………..….. ? 12. Let’s go to the beach, , ……………………..….. ?

3. QUESTIONS WORDS 1. Present forms - Nominal sentences a. What is your name? b. When is your birthday? c. Who is your English teacher? d. Where is your book? e. Why is she here? f. How are you? - Verbal sentences a. What do you eat for lunch? b. When does he get home? c. Who take you home? d. Where do you go at weekend? e. Why do you like music? f. How does the thief open the window?

2. Past forms 6


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

- Nominal sentences a. What was she doing yesterday? a. When were you born? b. Who was in this room this morning? c. Where were you born? d. Why weren’t you at home yesterday? e. How was the class? - Verbal sentences a. What did you eat this morning? b. When did you meet him? c. Who took you home last night? d. Where did you go last week? e. Why did you go home yesterday? f.

How did the accident happen?

Test 3 Fill in the blank with the correct question words! 1. ………… are the children now? (inside the classroom) 2. ………… will you be in Bandung? (about two months) 3. ………… children are there in room 6? (thirty five) 4. ………… is your favourite film star? (Richard Gere) 5. ………… will you do your English test? (Next Week) 6. …………Do you go to school everyday? (by bus) 7. …………do you want to visit? (my grand mother) 8. ………… are you going to travel? (by plane) 9. ………… will you stay in Jogya? (On) 10. ………… do you want to see Miss Acida (I want to discuss about the body)

4. GERUND Gerund as subjects and objects a. Smoking is dangerous. b. I don’t like fishing. Object of a verb

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GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

Most tourists enjoy diving in Bunaken Island. I don’t know why she avoids meeting me. Some people can’t stand living in Jakarta. Note: Verbs followed by gerund: Admit Avoid Anticipate Appreciate Consider Defer Delay Deny Detest Dislike Dread Enjoy Escape

Imagine mind miss pardon postpone prevent propose (= suggest) involve keep (= continue) love like finish imagine

recollect remember (= recollect) resent resist risk stop suggest report

Gerund as complement a. b. c. d.

Her job is sorting the mail His hobby is playing the violin My hobby is reading Their hobbies are playing football and basket ball

Gerund after preposition: a. Are you interested in collecting stamps? b. Is she interested in surfing the internet? c. Are they interested in playing football and basket ball?

Test 4 : Activity 1

Fill in the blanks with the words on the list. The words you write must be in gerund. Number 1 has been done for you. Breed race

Walk Wash

Smoke Explore

Say

Fish

Read

live

1.

You should stop smoking. It’s not good for your health.

2.

My grandfather has been old. He has to use …………….. stick when he walks.

3.

Are you interested in ……………… Arabic chickens?

4.

………………… is an attractive hobby for farm.

5.

She went out without ………….. anything.

6.

The article is about ……………….. on Mars. 8


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

7.

…………………. habit should begin at home.

8.

Housewives prefer to buy ………………. machine to wash their clothes.

9.

The scientists are interested in …………… that bare island.

10. Do you think that …………….. is a dangerous sport?

Activity 2 Complete the sentences with the following verbs. All must be in gerund.

try

wash

play

eat

meet look

steal

write

go

make

splash

take

be

knock

drive

Example: Do you fancy playing tennis this afternoon? 1. Could you please stop …………….. so much noise? 2. I don’t enjoy ………………. letters. 3. Does your job involve .............. a lot of people? 4. I considered ………….. the job but in the end I decided to against it. 5. If you use the shower, try avoid ……………. water on the floor. 6. Jack gave up …………….. to find a job in Britain. 7. Have you finished ………………. your hair yet? 8. The phone rang while Ann was having her dinner. She didn’t answer it. She just carried on …………… 9. He admitted …………………... the car but he denied …………. it dangerously. 10. Why do you keep on ………………….. at me like that? 11. They had to postpone ………………… away because their son was ill. 12. If you walk into the road without looking, you risk ………………. down by car.

5. HANDLING GUESTS In general Can I help you? What can I do for you, Madam / Sir? Would you like me to ……? 9


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

Please sit down. Etc. In an office Greetings (Good morning/afternoon/evening). What can I do for you, Sir/Ma’am? Could I take your name, please? Just a moment, please. I’ll see if Mr./Mrs….is free/available? Have a seat, please. Would you like something to drink? I’m sorry, Sir/Ma’am. Mr/Mrs…is not in. Would you like to leave a message? In a hotel Welcome to our hotel. Hope you enjoy your stay. Have a nice rest, Sir/Ma’am. Would you like some help with your luggage? Here is your key. Please, check your bill. I am sure you will enjoy you’re here. We have some facilities for our guests. What sort of room do you need? Which room do you prefer, single or double bed? I am sorry, the rooms are booked. We have no vacant rooms at all, Etc. In a restaurant Welcome to our restaurant. Would you like to order? May i take your order, please? What kind of …. Do you like? Are you ready to order, sir/ma’am? How about the drink? Can i take your coat, sir/ma’am? 10


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

Would you like something for dessert? I hope you enjoy the food. We have special menu today. Etc. In a shop What can I do for you?

What size do you ant?

What colour do you need?

How many kilograms do you need?

Can I help you?

Which one fixes you?

May I help you?

Which one do you like?

In a travel agency We have some tour programs to Bali. Please come and report to us an hour before departure. We have a special package tour for the next holiday. What sort of ticket do you need? Which tickets do you prefer, single or round trip? What seat do you like, the economy bus or executive? Etc. Look and pay attention to the following dialogue! Example 1: (in a restaurant) Waiter : Good morning, Sir. Guest : Good morning. Waiter : Would you like to order breakfast now? Guest : Yes, I will have ‘Uduk” rice and vegetables. Waiter : Would you like anything to drink? Guest : Yes. Coffee, please. Example 2 : ( in a hotel) Receptionist

: Good morning, Sir. Welcome to Sangrila Hotel. May I help you?

Guest

: Good morning. Do you have a room with a bath?

Receptionist

: Yes. How long will you stay here?

Guest

: Just for a night. 11


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

Receptionist

: OK. Here is your room, No. 125 on the first floor. And your name, please?

Guest

: Aji Setiadi, I am from Solo.

Receptionist

: Well, Mr. Aji, the room boy will take you to your room and this is your key. Have a nice stay.

Guest

: OK, thank you very much.

Exercise 1 I.

READING

Activity 1 Read the following question.

DEALING WITH SALESMAN

Salesman : Good morning. My name is Handy Armando of Smitna Office Equipment Dessy

: Good morning. May I help you?

Salesman : I would like to see Mr. Warren Anderson, please. Dessy

: I’m afraid you have come at a rather bad moment. Mr. Anderson is expecting his visitor in these view minutes and after that they are leaving for our factory outside Jakarta.

Salesman : I see. Dessy

: Do you have an appointment with Mr, Anderson? If you do, I’ll tell him that you are here to see him.

Salesman : No, I don’t. I just drop with a hope he is not so busy and I can see him. Dessy

: May I take a message?

Salesman : As one of our regular customers, I just want to show him some of our new products. Dessy

: Oh, that’s very interesting. He told me this morning that we need some office supplies. Do you have the brochures of

your products or you

probably have some samples?

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GRADE XI Salesman

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S. : Yes, of course. Today I bring a lot of new brochures. These ones are for office supplies.

Dessy

: Do you happen to have hanging folders? We need a lot of hanging folders every year.

Salesman : Yes. Of course we do. We have a very popular range of hanging folders. As you can see from these catalogues, the hanging folders we have are very strong and durable. If I’m not mistaken, Mr. Anderson’s secretary took some last year. Dessy

: How about label marker and paper clips?

Salesman : Yes, certainly we have them. You can see them on page 15 of this catalogue. Dessy

: What about the price?

Salesman

: I believe you know its normal price. But as an introductory offer, we offer you a 10% discounts of our price. You can see the price on this price list.

Dessy

: Yes, I think we need some of these products, but before I place an order I need to check with Mr. Anderson if he needs some others.

Salesman

: What else do you need?

Dessy

: Probably you have photocopy paper?

Salesman

: Sure. I can guarantee that our selling price is much cheaper compared to the normal proce in market.

Dessy

: If you don’t mind, can you come back next week/ If you can, don’t forget to make a call first.

Salesman

: Right. I’ll cal you back before next Tuesday. Thank you.

Dessy

: Thank you for coming to our office.

Questions: 1.

Who is the visitor?

2. Whom does he want to meet? 3. Can he meet him? 4. Why can’t he meet him? 5. Does he have an appointment? 6. What does he want by coming to the office? 7. Is the secretary interested in the products? 8. Why is she interested in the products? 9. What products is she interested in? 10. What about the price? 13


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

Activity 2 Complete the dialogues with the sentences in the box. Clara

: Good morning. May I help you?

Mr. Owens : ………………………………………………….. Clara

: You must be Mr. Ralph Owens from Washington.

Mr. Owens : ………………………………………………….. Clara

: Mr. Anwar is still having a guest in his room. He will be with you in a few more minutes. Would you like something to drink?

Mr. Owens : …………………………………………………. Clara

: Just a moment, please. I saw Mr. Anwar’s guest leaving his room. I’ll tell him that you have arrived here.

Mr. Owens : …………………………………………………. Mr. Owens: A. Yes, that’s right. I called Mr. Anwar from my hotel. Yesterday morning. He asked me to come at 10.30 this morning. B. No, thank you. I just had some coffee before I left my hotel. C. Thank you. D. My name’s Owens of Cambridge International Corporation. I have an appointment with Mr. Anwar at 10.30 this morning. E. Please.

CONSTRUCTIONS WITH ‘TOO’ AND ‘ENOUGH’ a. b. c. d.

The soup is too salty The tea is sweet enough The bed is too small The room is convertable enough

Vocabulary achievement:

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GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

big

small

old

young

fast

slow

thick

short

thick

thin

T

 The word ‘enough’ in bahasa Indonesia means cukup. It can explain either a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. When ‘enough’ explains a noun, its position is before the noun; but, when it explains an adjective or an adverb, its position is after the adjective or the adverb.  The word ‘too’ in bahasa Indonesia means terlalu. It qualifies either an adjective or an adverb; it cannot qualify a noun. Its position is before the adjective or the adverb. Pay close attention to the following examples: -

I haven’t got enough money to buy a Jaguar. [ not ‘money enough’]

-

Did you have enough time? [not ‘time enough]

-

I’d like to be a professional singer, but I don’t think I’ve got a good enough voice. [not ‘enough good’]

-

You are not working carefully enough. [not ‘enough carefully’]

-

My mother is getting too old to travel. [not ‘old too’]

-

She is walking too slowly. [not ‘slowly too’] Pattern:

adj + enough enough + noun

too + adj

The normal structure after enough is (for + object) + to + infinitive; it is uncommon to make the structure after enough with for + -ing form. Take a look at the following examples: -

It is late enough for us to stop working. [not ‘for stopping’]

-

Have you got enough money to lend me $60? [not ‘for lending’]

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GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

-

He spoke clearly enough for us to understand.

-

The weather wasn’t nice enough for you to go swimming.

-

Ninda is twenty-nine. She is old enough to get married.

-

He spoke too quickly for us to understand.

-

Let’s get a taxi. It is too far for us to walk.

Task 1 Complete the sentences. Use ‘too much / too many or enough’ 1. You are very thin. You don’t eat ......................... 2. I don’t like the weather here. There’s ................ rain. 3. I can’t wait for them. I haven’t got ................ time. 4. ‘Did you have .................... to eat?’ ‘Yes, thank you.’ 5. You drink .................. coffee. It’s not good for you. 6. You don’t eat .................. fruit. You should eat more. 7. There was nowhere to sit on the beach. There were ................ people.

Task2 Complete the sentences. Use ‘too’ or ‘enough’ + one of these words. Number 1 and 2 have been done for you.

Big

busy

expensive

far

loud

loud

sharp

warm

1. Please, turn the radio down. It’s too loud. 2. Can you turn up the radio, please? It’s not loud enough. 3. I don’t want to walk home. It’s .............................................. 4. Don’t buy anything in that shop. It’s ..................................... 5. You can take out all your things in this bag. It’s ........................ 6. We didn’t go to the beach. It’s .................................................... 7. I can’t talk to you now. I’m .......................................................... 8. I can’t cut anything with this knife. It’s ..........................................

Task 3 Complete the sentences. Use ‘too (+ adjective) to (do something). Number 1 has been done for you. 1. I’m not going out. (cold) It’s too cold to go out. 2. I’m not going to bed. (early) It’s .................................................. 3. Don’t wear a coat. (warm) It’s ................................................. 4. They’re not getting married. (young) It’s ...................................................... 5. Nobody goes out at night. (dangerous)

16


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

It’s ....................................................... 6. Don’t phone Ann now. (late) It’s ............................................... 7. They didn’t say anything. (surprised) ................................................................. Task 4 a. Combine these two sentences using ‘too’! 1. The television is very heavy. I cannot carry it. ............................................................................ 2. The safety shoes are very small. I cannot wear them. ............................................................................ 3. The nut is very hard. We cannot loosen it. .............................................................................. 4. The exercises are very difficult. We cannot do them. ............................................................................. 5. The car is very expensive. I cannot buy it. .............................................................................. b. Combine these two sentences using ‘enough’! 1. The exercises are easy. I can do them. ................................................................................. 2. The house is comfortable. I can stay in it. ................................................................................. 3. The water is fresh. We can drink it. .................................................................................. 4. The computer is cheap. I can buy it. .................................................................................. 5. The girl is beautiful. She can be a movie star. ..................................................................................

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GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

UNIT

II

1. Telephone Conversations 2. Personal pronouns 3. Reported Speech 4. Adjective Clauses

TELEPHONE CONVERSATION 1. RECEIVING A PHONE CALL Greeting: - Good morning - Good afternoon - Good evening Information about the office or company: - Mr. Eddy’s Office - Lambada Company Information about the receiver: - Yuni speaking Offering a help; - Can I help you? Asking to hold the line: - Hold the line, please! - Hold on, please! - Hold on a moment, please! - Hold on a minute, please! - Wait a moment, please! - Wait a minute, please!

2. Making a phone call I would like to speak to ………… I want to speak to ……………… Can I speak to …………………..

18


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

- CONVERSATION Miss Jenny: Good morning. Singapore trading company. Jenny speaking. Can I help you? Mr. Tony

: I would like to speak to Mr. Benny, please.

Miss Jenny: Hold the line, please! -----------------------Miss Jenny: He’s just gone out. Who’s calling? Mr. Tony

: Mr. Tony : of Modern Office Ltd.

2. PERSONAL PRONOUNS SUBJECT

OBJECT

Possessive

Possessive

Adjective

Pronoun

Reflexive

I

Me

My

Mine

My self

you

You

Your

Yours

Your self

YOU

You

Your

Yours

Yourselves

THEY

Them

Their

Theirs

Themselves

WE

Us

Our

Ours

Ourselves

HE

Him

His

His

Him self

SHE

Her

Her

Hers

Her self

IT

it

it

Its

It self

Leaving a message He has a meeting at three o’clock this afternoon My boss will visit his office tomorrow morning He has to do his presentation text today She has to submit her proposal her self I will finish my job my self We are going to have a test next week

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GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

3. REPORTED SPEECH Simple past expressions You had to pay for the tickets. He asked you to pay for the tickets. She wanted to know it. Rani told me about it. Enwin said it to them.

Reported speech

-

Benny : You have to move the chair Andi : What did Benny say? Dody : He said that you had to move the chair

-

Benny : Tell me if you will be available in the afternoon Andi : What did Benny say? Dody : He wanted to know if you would be available in the afternoon.

-

Benny : Where do you ut my umbrella? Andi : What did Benny say? Dody : He wanted to know where you put his umbrella.

-

Benny : Open the door! Andi : What did Benny say? Dody : He asked you to open the door

-

Benny : Don’t close the window put my umbrella? Andi : What did Benny say? Dody : He asked you not to open the door

4. ADJECTIVE CLAUSE 20


GRADE XI 1.

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

Using subject pronouns: who, which, that. g. The man is very friendly. He lives next door.  The man who lives next door is very friendly. h. Where are the books? You brought them this morning.  Where is the book that you brought this morning? i.

The book is mine. It is on the table.  The book which is on the table is mine.

2.

Using object pronouns: whom, which, that. a. The woman was Mrs. Patrick. I saw her last night.  The woman whom I saw last night was Mrs. Patrick. b. The bird was very frightening. I saw it last night.  The bird which I saw last night was very frightening.  The bird that I saw last night was very frightening.

3.

Using whose We saw the man. His car had broken down.  We saw the man whose car had broken down.

4.

Using where The hotel wasn’t very clean. We stayed there.  The hotel where we stayed there wasn’t very clean.

5.

Using when Do you still remember the day? We first met that day.  Do you still remember the day when we first met?

I recognize the man who wear the uniform Do you know who called me this morning? I don’t know what I have to do for him He loves the woman whom her father sits next to him I like the child whose bag is red She wants to tell me which book is good for us This is the book that I want to show you

21


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

UNIT

III

5. Simple Present 6. Simple past 7. Curriculum Vitae 8. Facts and Figures

Vocabulary achievement:

Shop assistant

Librarian

dentist

nurse

pilot

Electrician

receptionist

waiter

Tehnician

postman

SIMPLE PRESENT Verbal Sentences

Subject + verb 1 + Complement Subject

Verb 1

I / You / They / We

Talk

He / She / It

Talks

Nominal Sentences

22


GRADE XI

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

Subject + to be (am,is,are) + Complement Subject

To be

I

Am

You / They / We

Are

He / She / It

Is

Simple present Sentences. 1. Verbal Sentences

We meet the guest

I speak english

He gets a job

You get a job

She has meeting

They have meeting

It has fur We are farmers

2. Nominal Sentences

He is a teacher

I am a student

She is a secretary

You are a doctor

It is my body guard

They are nurses

Describing The job of any professions using Simple Present tense A student has to study at school A doctor has to examine the patients A cook prepares food. A Pilot flies aeroplanes. A teacher teaches the students A secretary writes a job agenda A bodyguard secures the boss

Exercise I Complete these Simple present Sentences using the correct “verb” or “to be” 1.1. The tourist……………… (speak) english. 1.2. The Director and the Secretary ………………. (have) meeting. 1.3. We ………………(meet) the guest. 23


July 11, 2011

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

1.4. Randy ………………… (get) a job. 1.5. The cat ……………….. (have) a beautiful fur. 1.6. I……………a student. 1.7. You ………… a doctor. 1.8. Sri and Endang ……………… nurses. 1.9. Mr. Didin, Mr. Dono, and me …………… farmers. 1.10.

Mrs. Puspita …………….. a teacher.

Exercise II Describe The job of any professions below 1.11.

A student has to ………………….

1.12.

A doctor has to …………………….

1.13.

A Pilot has to …………………….

1.14.

A teacher has to …………………….

1.15.

A secretary has to …………………….

SIMPLE PAST 1. Verbal Sentences

Subject + verb 2 + Complement Subject I / You / They / We / He / She / It

Verb 2 Talked

2. Nominal Sentences

Subject + to be (was, were) + Complement Subject I / He / She / It You / They / We

To be was were

25


July 11, 2011

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

Simple Past Sentences. 1. Verbal Sentences I speak english

I spoke english

You get a job

You got a job

They have meeting

They had meeting

We meet the guest

We met the guest

He gets a job

He got a job

She has meeting

She had meeting

It has fur

It had fur

2. Nominal Sentences I am a student

You were a doctor

You are a doctor

They were nurses

They are nurses

We were farmers

We are farmers

He was a teacher

He is a teacher

She was a secretary

She is a secretary

It was my body guard

It is my body guard

Task

I was a student

You were a doctor They were nursesetary It I was a student

26


July 11, 2011

CURRICULUM VITAE Telling about people’s educational background using the Simple past tense. She was graduated from SMKN 1 Cermee The new secretary learned shorthand at the college. Samples of curriculum vitae

Curriculum Vitae Name Address

: Herlina Wasiati :Raya Cermee Street No. 35, Cermee Bondowoso Place/date of birth :Bondowoso, November 11th 1981 Sex : Female Nationality : Indonesian Status : married Religion : Moslem Educational backround : Elementary School : SDN Cermee 06 Junior High School : SMPN 1 Cermee Senior High School : SMUN 1 Situbondo University : University of Jember (Jember) Job Experience : Teaching at SMK Yapeni I Jember in 2006-2009 Teaching at SMK Yapeni II Jember in 2006-2009 Teaching at Eddy’s School of English in 2005-2009 Teaching at SMKN 1 Cermee-Bondowoso in 2009-2010 Exercise III Make your own curriculum vitae!

29


July 11, 2011

EXPRESSING FACTS AND FIGURES : 1. The graph shows that population growth has been high this last decade. 2. The latest data show that about three billion rupiahs have been spent for the construction of the factory. EXERCISE: DISPLAY PLANT FOR SPECIAL-HANDLING IMPORT HOMEWARES

Department Item Hand-painted Ceramics-Italy Glass DecorationsCzechoslovakia CrystalScandinavia Porcelain FigurinesHolland Lead Glass End Tables-France DishesJapan

Home Furnishings

Final Touch

Gifts Gallery

Fine China

  

Kitchen Kapers

 

1. Why are these items called “special Handling” items ? a. They are very expensive b. They are all breakable c. They will all end up in a display windows d.There are only a few of each left 2. What is the purpose of this chart? a. To determine where to display these items throughout the store b. To plan which department will handle the sales of these items c. To inform Martin of a change in the handling of import homewares d. To direct shoppers to the correct department for their homewares 30


July 11, 2011

UNIT

IV

9. Past Experince 10. Future Plan 11. Personal Letter

V o c a b u l a r y a c h i e v e m e n t : (regular verb)

V1

Wait

Walk

V2

Waited

Walked

V1

Clean

Paint

Watch

Play

Visit

Watched

Played

Visited

Talk

Plant

Answer

31


July 11, 2011

V2

Cleaned

Painted

Answered

Talked

Planted

PAST EXPERIENCE 1..VOCABULARY FOCUS: Verb2 2. Regular verb Ketentuan menambahkan akhiran pada kata Kerja Regular 1. ditambahkan 'd' apabila kata kerja tersebut berakhiran 'e' - wave -> waved - arrive -> arrived - complete -> completed - wipe -> wiped - invite -> invited - hire -> hired 2. ditambahkan 'ed' apabila kata kerjanya berakhiran konsonan (huruf mati), kecuali huruf 'y' yang didahului oleh huruf hidup (e,a), maka ditambahkan “ed”. - wait -> waited - call -> called - paint -> painted - nail -> nailed - key -> keyed -play -> played - slay -> slayed 3. ditambahkan 'ied' jika kata kerjanya berakhiran 'y’ yang didahului oleh huruf konsonan dan huruf “y” di hapus terlebih dahulu. - study……> studied

32


July 11, 2011 - cry………> cried - spy………> spied

i.

Irregular Verb

V o c a b u l a r y a c h i e v e m e n t : (irregular verb) V1

Go

Give

V2

Went

Given

Ate

Sweep

Sing

V1

Ride

V2

Rode

Eat

Swept

Sang

Write

Read

Wrote

Read

Make

Made

Drink

Drank

2. .GRAMMAR FOCUS: Simple Past Tense Past

☼ Rules:

Now

Future

S + Verb2 ex: - I ate fried rice this morning V2

(was/were)

☼ Adverb of time: - yesterday

- four days ago

- last sunday

- last month

- the day before yesterday

- yesterday night

33


July 11, 2011 - this morning

- last week

- five years ago

- last year

- last night

- two weeks ago

Past activities 1. I went to the beach last holiday 2. You given me a book this morning 3. They ate mango two months ago 4. We wrote a letter last month 5. He read a newspaper yesterday 6. She made a model the day before yesterday 7. Ronny rode my bike to school last month 8. Jenny swept the floor last Sunday 9. Michael Jackson sang a song last year 10. The baby drank milk last night Answering past activities questions 1. What did you do yesterday? I swept the floor yesterday 2. What did he do last Monday? He went to school last Monday 3. Did you go to the beach last week? Yes, I do 4. Did he write a letter last month? No, He didn't. He wrote a novel last month

FUTURE TENSE 1. GRAMMAR FOCUS: Future Tense Past

â&#x2DC;ź Rules:

S+

will

Now

Future

+ Verb 1

(tobe + going to)

ex: 1. I will clean up my room 2. I am going to fix the computer tomorrow â&#x2DC;ź Adverb of time: - tomorrow

- next sunday

- next week

- next month

-tomorrow night

- tonight

- next monday

- tomorrow morning

- the day after tomorrow

- next year

34


July 11, 2011

i.

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

VOCABULARY FOCUS: Verbs used "future plans"

V o c a b u l a r y a c h i e v e m e n t : (irregular verb)

Take a test

Shop for clothes

Go on Vacation

Get a hair cut

Fix the computer

have a party

See a Doctor

Write letters

Drive to the beach

Meet some friends

EXAMPLES: 1. (+) I will go to Jakarta next month (-) I will not go to Jakarta next month (?) Will you go to Jakarta next month? a. Yes, I will b. No, I won’t

2. (+) She is going to have a birthday party tomorrow morning (-) She is not going to have a birthday party tomorrow morning (?) Is she going to have a birthday party tomorrow morning? c. Yes, She is d. No, She is not

PERSONAL LETTERS 

Writing letters about their own past experience and future plans 35


July 11, 2011

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

Dedicated to: my best friend Badiatun Nisa In place Dear Nisa… I would like to tell you about the things I did last Monday. I was very busy that day. I went to school. I studied math, English and science. After school, I practiced the piano. Then I cleaned my room. At 6:30, I ate dinner. I watch TV after dinner. I went to bed at 9:00. It wasn't a special day for me. I used to spend my day like that day. I hope you will tell me about your experience last week as well. Therefore, I will be waiting for your respond in a head of time. Best regard LIna Puspito 

Translating English letter

Last Monday, I was very busy. I went to school. I studied math, English and science. After school, I practiced the piano. Then I cleaned my room. At 6:30, I ate dinner. I watch TV after dinner. I went to bed at 9:00. Senin lalu, saya sangat sibuk. Saya pergi ke sekolah. Saya belajar matematika, bahasa inggris dan IPA. Setelah pulang sekolah, saya latihan piano. Kemudian saya membersihkan kamar saya. Jam 6.30, saya makan malam. Saya menonton TV setelah makan malam. Saya tidur jam 9.00.

TEST 1. Change this following sentences into Past! 1)

I (go) ………………. to the beach last holiday

2)

You (take) …………………… a shower this morning

3)

They (eat) ……………………. mango two months ago

4)

We (write) ………………………. a letter last month

5)

He (read) …………………………. a newspaper yesterday 36


July 11, 2011

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S.

6)

She (make)………………………. a model the day before yesterday

7)

Ronny (ride) ……………………….. my bike to school last month

8)

Jenny (sweep)……………………… the floor last Sunday

9)

Michael Jackson (sing) ……………….. a song last year

10) The baby (drink)……………………… milk last night

2. Answer these following questions based on the text! Ani's Experience

Last Sunday, I was very busy. I went to school. I studied history, English and science. After school, I practiced the violin. Then I cleaned my bathroom. At 6:30, I ate dinner. I rode my bike after dinner. I went to bed at 9:00.

1)

Where was Andy this morning?

2)

What did He study?

3)

What time did He eat dinner?

4)

What did He do after dinner?

3. Fulfill these following future plans! 1) What are you going to do today? …………………… go on vocation 2) What is he going to do tomorrow? …………………… get a haircut tomorrow 3) What is she going to do the day after tomorrow? …………………… fix the computer 4) …………….. get a haircut next Monday? Yes, I am 5) ……………. drive to the beach? No, they aren't 6) ………………. Shop for clothes? 37


July 11, 2011

ENGLISH’S EASY – WRITTEN BY: HERLINA WASIATI, S. S. Yes, she is

4. Translate this following English letter!

Today is November 19th. It's my birthday. I'm 17 years old today. This morning, I'm going to go to the hair salon and get a haircut. This afternoon, I'm going to call my friends. Tonight, I'm going to have a birthday party. Will you come to my party? ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. Complete the personal letter about their own past experience and future Plans below!

Today, was a busy day. At 6:30, I (take) ……………. Then I (eat) …………….. breakfast. At 8.00, Dad (go) …………… to work. I (ride) my bike to school. I (write) …………… and (read) ……………… in English. When I (go) …………… home, I (eat) …………. Cookies and (drink) …………… milk. I (make) …………… a mess, so I (sweep) ……………. the floor in the kitchen. It was a good day!

38

ENGLIS'S EASY  

VOCATIONAL SCHOOL GRADE XI EBOOK

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