Issuu on Google+

WORK SAMPLES 2008-2013 Lijin Zhu University of California, Berkeley Master of Architecture


...VERIFYING... ...PERMITTED

UC Berkeley Studio One | Architecture and the Technological Artifact Thesis Studio, Spring 2013 Tutor: Ronald Rael

STARTUPITECTURE GROWTH GROWTH

3D printing technology has huge influences on architecture, not only because it could help making complex form and space, but also it opens possibilities of supporting architecrure in terms of its economic aspects. This work seeks to envision the possibilities of the sectional construction method supported by 3D printing technology and invented in order to embrace the flexibility of the new industry in San Francisco Bay.

Path of high performers

Transition

Compete

Scale

ed tim

is-

ck

pa ssi on re to pi vo t or pr od uc ici t ng Iss ue s e ne tw or on k y on te am Lo se fo cu s Bu Ge t ou rn ou t tco m pe te No d fin an cin Ba g d loc at On ion ly pa rtBa tim d tim e e to sta rt us

Po

La

ilu

Pr

m

Fa

n’t

ar

Do

Di

sh

s

g

el

sh

er

am

ca

tin

od

te

m

t ne

ke

ht

t of

zm bi

tm

ed

uc Pr od

sto

ke

ar

ar

ou

m

e rig

m

n

or

or e cu

Ra

t th

Po

No

Ne

Ign

No

GROWTH GROWTH

Path of high performers

Transition

Compete

Scale

pe te d fin an cing d lo ca tio n y pa rt-t im e e to st ar t tim

Ba

No

Onl

Ba d

t

t

n

uc

pr od

icin

g

Issu es us e ne ha tw rm or on k y on te am Lo se fo cu s Bu Get rn ou ou t tc om

Pr

TIME TIME

Growth curve

Dis

Don ’t

el

ed

vo

io

od

im

pi

ss

to

pa

is-t

bi zm

or

re

ck

tm

d

Po

La

ilu

uc

Fa

Pr od

s

g

er

am

ca sh

tin

te ht

ke

ou

t of Nee

stom

ke

ar

ar

cu

m

e rig

m

n

re

or

th

Ra

Po

No

Not

Ig no

t ne ed

Start-up

Three Types of growth of business

Top 20 Reasons Startups Fail

Index, 1947=1

Cost of time

labor

labor

machine

machine Cost of time

machine

2000

1800

1600

1400

1200

1000

800

Client

47 950 953 956 959 962 965 968 971 974 977 980 983 986 989 992 995 998 001 004 007 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1

Engineer

19

Client

Architect

600

Architect

400

Digital constrction

200

Traditional construction

Labor Costs(Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics)

labor

TIME TIME

Startups Fail reasons

The new technology could let using, construction and deconstruction of a building happen at the same time. The acts of construction could respond to the economy more rapidly. After hundreds of years, one can trace the mutation of this “architecture fossil” to understand the economical activity happened once in the Bay Area. Cost of time

ed

Start-up

Three Types of growth of business

Top 20 Reasons Startups Fail

Time comparison Architect

Engineer

Client Engineer Traditional construction

2000 1800

2000

Machine owner

1800

Main contractor

Index, 1947=1

98

Main contractor

800

400 200

19 47 19 50 19 53 19 56 19 59 19 62 19 65 19 68 19 71 19 74 19 77 19 80 19 83 19 86 19 89 19 92 19 95 19 98 20 01 20 04 20 07

Architect

Main contractor

Labor Costs(Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics)

Labor Costs(Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics)

labor

reasing cost of labor

Machine owner

Client

Cost of time

Engineer

machine

86

89

01 20 04 20 07

92 19 95

19

1200 1000

600

20

19

19

74

77

80 19 83

19

19

19

68

71

62

65

19

19

19

19

59

53

56

47

19

19

19

50

200

Client

Sub contractors

400

19

Machine owner

1400

600

19

Sub contractors

1600

800

19

Architect

Architect

Client

1800 1600 Index, 1947=1

Client

Engineer

Sub contractors Machine owner

1400 1200 1000 800 600 400

Construction method comparison 47 19 50 19 53 19 56 19 59 19 62 19 65 19 68 19 71 19 74 19 77 19 80 19 83 19 86 19 89 19 92 19 95 19 98 20 01 20 04 20 07

200

Labor Costs(Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics)

Architect

Engineer

Engineer

2000

19

Index, 1947=1

1200 1000

Client

Sub contractors

1400

Main contractor

Traditional construction

Also through this construction method, the section(interior space) becomes the facade. It brings the inner complexity to an outter complexity. Thus the exterior space of a building gets a special space experience that has some character of interior space. It could enrich the community lives and facilitate communications within this industrial cluster. This kind of construction method can bring new energy to architectural and city design. 1600

Feedback loop comparison


BECAME A PARK FINACIAL PROBLEM

REPLACED BY OTHER COMPANY AND CHANGED THE INITIAL ONE

SCALE CHANGED WHEN CONSTRUCTING

TWO COMPANIES COOPERATED

REPLACED BY MANY SMALL COMPANIES AND ADDED MORE MATERIALS

Above: A series of startupitecture models with different exposing sections. Material and technique: 3D printed salt. Below: Each change of site plan could represent a curtain story of companies.


Above: Startupitecture sits in a site.

Material and technique: 3D printed in salt, laser cut landscape, soap cast water. Left: Interior scene of a typical office with a view of other company buildings. Below left: A view of entrance hall. Below: Section with construction details of an office.

NICE VIEW.

SO IT IS TRUE YOU SURVIVED.

THANKS TO YOU I DIDN’T DIE THAT MUCH.


3D Extruded PLA 3D Extruded PLA Laminated wood chips with Adhesive Concrete

Varnish Sheets Grassy and sandy filling material Wood panel Double pane window window frame wood block

3D Extruded PLA Laminated wood chips with Adhesive

Concrete Fiber Concrete

Concrete

Above: Models with coloured soap inside to imitate the process of pouring concrete into a 3D printed mold. Material and technique: 3D printed in salt, Colored soap, laser cut furnitures. Left: Detail section drawings implicate how to build startupitecture. Right: Model with furnitures, a view into different office spaces Material and technique: 3D printed in salt, Colored soap, laser cut furnitures.


UC Berkeley Studio One | Architecture and the Technological Artifact Thesis Preperation Studio, Fall 2012 Tutor: Ronald Rael

NEOINDIGENOUS Neoindigenous is a series exploration of digital fabrication method through three aspects: software, fabrication and material. The explorations emerged through a series of three interconnected assignments that led up to the development of a proto-architectural assembly and building enclosure system exploring two different paradigms: mass production and mass customization. This digital materiality process contributed to the idea of sectional construction method.I developed a collection of proto-architectural speculations that had been tested into different scales. The form was evolving through the feedback and interaction between computational process(different kinds of softwares) and manufacturing process(crafting, mass production and mass-customization). The opportunities and limitations of different materials and tectonics that are employed to realize the digital models affects the computational designs in turn. The function of render boolean in modo helped me expose the section of models. The pattern and direction of materials which can be visualized and designed through 123D Make and Rhino CAM added another dimension of the design.Through the process of stacking laser cut components exported by 123D Make, one can also witness the evolving sections of the models.Cutting slip cast clay model also gave many new spatial possibilities.

Form exploration digital models.


Left: Form exploration physical models(From handcrafted stacking wood slices to slip casting ceremic).


Detailed units assembly process


Left: customized aggregation system using slip-cast ceramics with a tectonic system using off the-shelf materials. The limitations pertained to the ability to only consider a single form, mass produced for the production of an aggregation and an assembly system based only on stock materials. Below: a highly customized system that utilizes rapid manufacturing methods.


From an artifact that utilizes rapid prototyping methods to its multipal architectural applications This page shows the potential of the aggregated form being adjusted to a theater space.

Theater plan: First floor

Theater plan: Second floor

Left: Theater model(3D printed in wood dust) Below: Theater model, Inside the performance hall(3D printed in wood dust)

Theater plan: Third floor


S.O.A. H.I.T-Paris La Villette School of Architecture Joint Studio| Bayonne Bridge Development Design Studio, Fall 2010 Tutor: Eric Dubosc, Xiaopeng Bai, Shanshan Zhang

LEANING TOWER

Bayonne is a city located in France and adjacent to Spain which is cutted by a river. For the past years, Bayonne has developed well on the south site of the river, but now it is needed to develop the district on the north bank of the river. Trainstation will be built on the north bank. For the new development, we should think out a new plan. To urbanize this area, we need more civilian facilities on both sides. However, separated buildings on both sides may cause the unbalanced development thus hindering the development of the city.So a bridge for pedestrain and biker is urgently needed.But the bridge is long to some extent.Usually this length can only be used as a passage rather than a place for people to spend their leisure time at.And this may prevent people from walking through especially for leisure time. In order to urbanize this area and maximize the bridge as a lively communication place including increasing the frequency of walkings on the river, we can push the buildings on both sides and build a short bridge between them. Checking over the initial purpose and studies, this proposal matches them pertinently. Study of the buildings on the banks People living on one side tend to approaching in that buildings on their own side. And they go there naturally without a sense of boundary. While it is difficult for them to go to the buildings on the other side emotionally. After all there is a long bridge to go across. Moreover, the buildings on each side of a river are very different both inside and outside. Different activities are happening in them. There is little connection between them. We want more communication between both sides and minimize the sense of boundary .

+

≈200m


First floor Plan

Second floor Plan

Third floor Plan

Forth floor Plan


Bedroom of unit A

Bedroom of unit B

Bedroom of unit B Public space

Kitchen of unit C

Living room of unit C

Public space including the crossing ramps are mainly arranged between the two middle beams in order that housing units could get enough daylight. And in order to prevent the public space being so closed, some public blocks need to be put among those housing units so that the public could penatrate through the private leading towards a city view. To make full use of the voids of the main beam, stairs and corridor or washroom and closet are arranged in it.

Housing Unit B

Housing Unit A

Living Room Kitchen Bedroom

Public Space


Perspective section

KITCHEN

HALL

BEDROOM

BEDROOM

KITCHEN KITCHEN

LIVING ROOM


finishing fire retardant paint zinc sheet

grass cover moundlayer

resistance mesh fabric Benzene board thermal insulation layer loosely filled insulation layer profiled steel sheet

gravellayer Sanyuanyibing Juancai rubber waterproofing toweling course 20mm 1:3 cement mortar thermal insulators Asphalt perlite

10 cover seam board

vapor barrier layer Supporting waterproof coating

interior decorative material

toweling course 20mm 1:3 cement mortar

profiled steel sheet

DETAIL OF ROOF

H STEEL BEAM

heated board double layer window sash window frame

jointstrip plastic-steel window frame 6mm aluminum elbowboard sealed aluminum board floor slab floor joist floor slab floor joist

toweling course 20mm 1:3 cement mortar profiled steel sheet

profiled steel sheet

Benzene board thermal insulation layer resistance mesh fabric

10 cover seam board

zinc sheet

H STEEL BEAM

finishing fire retardant paint

toweling course 20mm 1:3 cement mortar

wood joist 10 cover seam board U shape bolt

DETAIL OF FLOOR AND WALL


S.O.A. H.I.T| PLAN FOR LONGJIANGJIE BLOCK AND THE NANGANG CIVIC CENTER Design Studio, Spring 2010 Tutor: Bu Chong

LONGJIANGJIE SUBWAY STATION REDEVELOPMENT

With the completion of the subway project of Harbin, many subway nodes will be set up along the line. Longjiangjie block is in their plan. The government wants a proposal for the renewal of the block and a civic center to meet its new status for the city.The Longjiangjie possesses enormous potential and vitality for its location and historical religious relics.The block, born along with the Harbin city, has gone through a series of changes due to social changes. And its architectural development has also experienced several different stages.The current area possesses high heterogeneousness and remarkable vitality. I want to maintain this heterogeneous ensemble by making the houses vary in facade material and letting the whole area go through the functional changes gradually. With my proposal, all the buildings are arranged on a shared plaza. It has no steps and is covered with the same style of tessellas, thus enhancing integraty. The ground tiles vary in directions, forming different fields of activities, such as private gardens, open-air stage, pedestrian corridors, meeting points, etc.Underground parking provides for necessary parking space.Retail shops are on the first floor, transformed from original residential buildings.

The cathedral and the Harbin religious center

Transformation of the building space and facade by different residents

Many artists’ workshops are in the residential buildings Residential buildings are altered into commercial shops

Selling detergent


Parking entrance Underground commercial area

Facade renovation: enable variaty based on the age of the building, current function and compatibility with context.

Meeting Point

Private gardens The civilian center

Pedestrian entrance Open-air stage Pedestrian entrance pedestrian corridor Parking entrance The original cathedral

My concept is stretching the small formats into the large spaces. With the help of proper management, functional related programs are put together. They can see each other through the perforated wall. Through this way could the problem listed above be resolved.Through my observation on the small formats in our lives, the need of sunlight is not that much. Many of them locate in a large building with no outer wall. Moreover, with the employment of new reflecting material, the small format can get daylight indirectly. And the use of ventilation system could ensure a sufficiency of air movement in all conditions of weather and climate.

The original cathedral


Space relation

Dividing of the space

Field of view


Plans

-3 FLOOR PLAN

-2 FLOOR PLAN

-1 FLOOR PLAN

GROUND FLOOR PLAN

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

THIRD FLOOR PLAN

FORTH FLOOR PLAN

FIFTH FLOOR PLAN

The programs of Harbin civic center consist of several public halls for social activities, which vary from dining halls to reading rooms, and a series of small workshops for renting ,which may for sculpturers, designers, photographers, dentists, beauticians, massagists, novelists, etc. I think about the programmatic strategy of it. At first, because of the technical limitation, people tend to put the small formats together. However, this may be programmatically problematic. In terms of usage, small formats may have little relations with each other. Instead, certain small formats may be closely related to certain large spaces. For example, workshop for designer or photograher has more to do with the gallery. We will find ourselves spending a long time figuring out where workshop we need is, traveling a long distance between the two spaces, or confusing in a long dull corridor.


Detail

1- Steel braces connected to steel beams with T-head bolt 2- H steal beam frame 3- Steel braces 4- Double-layered tempered glass 5- Metal disc made up of 150mm with led lighting system 6- Steelprofile spacers of the support system

1

2

3 4 5 6

DETAIL OF PERFORATED WALL Assembled by small scales, allowing spacing between each scale.


30.72 29.82

28.29 26.52

24.74 STORAGE

READING ROOM

GALLERY

22.65 21.12 GALLERY

19.31

LIBRARY

STORAGE

16.30 14.45

SWIMMING POOL

FITNESS ROOM

12.26

10.20

CAFE

8.27 DINNING HALL

LOUNGE

CAFE

6.47 5.47

SUPERMARKET

RETAIL SHOP

3.06

0.42 ±0.00

SUPERMARKET

UNDERGROUND COMMERCE

-4.58 OFFICE

-9.58 UNDERGROUND PARKING

-14.20


S.O.A. H.I.T Design Studio, Spring 2010 Tutor: Bu Chong

SONGHUA RIVER MUSEUM


This project is sited in a park by the river. On one hand, they are the tourist destination for the city. On the other hand, they serve the people living in the Jiangbei new district as a necessary public facility for community. In order to attract as many people as possible to visit the place, as well as to maximize the urban space on the ground where visitors can step freely and enjoy the native environment. I want to make an interesting square fabricated with different natural ground covers in the site. People with different intents can step freely on it enjoying the natural environment. And in order to prevent the view from the road to the river from being blocked, program must be put either above the ground or under the ground. FORM PROCESS

block

Transformation according to the concept

Based

appropriate

street

according to the axis of

Avoid the tree

THE ROAD

THE SQUARE

THE RIVER


S.O.A. H.I.T| Xuancheng Sport Center Design Studio, Spring 2011 Tutor: Liu Deming

BONE AND MEMBRANE This scheme is to explore a kind of organic membrane structure’ application to site based curved surface shapes. The structure is designed through the transformation from a typical tension structure type. Also this project explored the use of Grasshopper in the design of sports architecture both interiorily and exteriorily.


S.O.A. H.I.T Design Studio, Spring 2012 Tutor: Li Dawei

HARBIN WINTER CENTER


Freelance work directly with client Professional, 2012 Solo work, including budget calculation

OUTDOOR THEME GYM AT CHICAGO Location: Chicago Floor area: 35553.5 sqf Building area: 95035.4 sqf Story height: 19 feet Stories: 4 Material: Reinforced concrete for ramp part, concrete block/Rigid steel frame for the rest part Total Building Cost: $9,239,632~17,106,372

Elevator Bouldering Blocks WC

Locker Room Stairs

Locker Room Air Circulation Elevator Waiting Area Dinning Area WC

Lobby

Stairs Cafe

Main Entrance

Administration Day Care Area

Elevator

Stairs


S.O.A. H.I.T Design Competition, Fall 2011 Collaborator: Rui Hou

WRITING MUSEUM


WIN Architectural and Environmental Design Company Professional, 2010 Concept discussion, Modeling, Drawings, Rendering

SPIRTEC COMPETITION


UC Berkeley Arch 229, 2012 Tutor: Ronald Rael

RAPID MODELING AND RENDERING


Zaha Hadid Architects Professional, 2012

INSTALLATION FABRICATION

S.O.A. H.I.T ACADEMIC, 201O FALL COLLABORATER: LINBO XIE, FANGFEI LIU, RUI HOU

FABRICATION OF A KIND OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE ARCHITECTURE COMPONENTS


S.O.A. H.I.T ACADEMIC, 201O FALL

DAYLIGHT ANALYSIS OF THE LIGHTWELL IN A HIGH RISE HOTEL

UC BERKELEY ACADEMIC, 2013 SPRING TUTOR: LUISA CALDAS

9am daylight image comparison(South) Summer

RADIANCE SIMULATION Without Shading System

Shading System 01

Shading System 02

Winter

Spring


FZJZ Professional, 2011 Modeling, Plan and detail drawings, Rendings

DONGFANG COLLEGE LIBRARY

FZJZ Professional, 2011 Modeling, Plan and detail drawings, Rendings

DONGFANG COLLEGE STUDENT CENTER

WIN Architectural and Environmental Design Company Professional, 2010, (Open in September 2013 Expected) Concept, Modeling, Drawings, Rendering

LAODAOWAI CHINESE BAROCCO CULTURE DISTRICT RENOVATION


Multipal Professional, 2011-2012

CAD DRAWINGS

ADRI

Professional, 2011 Modeling of library, dormitory, main block, gate, Plan Drawings, Rendering, Animation

LIAONING MEDICAL SCHOOL PLAN + ARCHITECTURE


Work sample