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BP Oil Spill Accident Management and Safety Regulations Course

Lilian KNIJNIK Yulia UNITSKAYA WANG Yi


Guideline 1. Introduction;

2. Presentation of BP; 3. Overall view of the accident; 4. Event Tree; 5. Fault Tree; 6. Consequences; 7. Conclusion; 8. Reference.


Introduction We have reached peak oil: we consume and extract more oil than the natural resources we have.

Our lifestyle has not changed: we are forced to seek the source of provisioning. We are searching where we have not yet sought, deeper (deep water in our case),

soon it might be Antarctica.

BP oil spill is the catastrophe of new level, new dimensions. It has an impact on any future oil extraction. Before we worked at depths of 200-300 meters, now we drill up to 1,500 meters. By exploring new territories such as the Brazilian Coast, African Coast, Antarctica, etc. we operate in deep water.

We need to understand the BP catastrophe in order to establish the jurisprudence, define who is reliable and establish technical prevention.


BP – British Petroleum: Headquarters office in London, UK, it has various refinery plants.

It’s a global and one of the largest gas and oil companies. It is vertically-

integrated and is active in every area of the oil and gas industry, including :

exploration and production, refining, distribution and marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading.

It also has major renewable energy activities, including in biofuels, hydrogen, solar and wind power.


3 main players • BP

principal

developer

and

operator and the operator of the

Macondo Pospect; • Macondo Prospect – the area under

U.S jurisdiction to explore potential natural gas and petroleum; • Trasocean – owner of the rig, equipment and staff; • Deepwater Horizon – name of the rig.


Overall view of the accident


Event Tree 1. Drilling pipe installed

19th April 2010

3. Cement fails

9. The rig, 5. Disagreement 7. Natural gas and Deepwater Horizon, BP Vs. Transocean: oil rocketed catches fire , add sea water to mud through the pipe explodes and Sink

20th

20th

20th

April

April

April

9:18 p.m. 20th April

20th

20th

April

April

9:52 p.m. 20th April

11. BP succeeds to cap the pipe, but 4.9 billions of accrued oil were spilled into the ocean

9:55 p.m.

20th

April

2. Miss control 4. A high concentration 6. The thin layer of mud 8. Blowout of the well of Natural Gas enters doesn’t maintain the preventer fails to integrity the pipe high pressure of oil and cap the pipe gas in the pipe

20th April

15th July 2010

10. The pipe explodes and form an oil gusher, BIG QUANTITY OF OIL SPILLS


Fault Tree


Consequences

4.9 million barrels of crude oil spilled and 11 people dead.

• Ecology Petroleum toxicity, oxygen depletion and the use of Corexit dispersant are expected to be the main causes of damage. • Fishery activities 225,290 km² was closed for the fishery activity after the accident. • Tourism U$34 billion in tourism lost annualy. • Litigation BP issued $40bn worth of lawsuits against rig owner Transocean


Consequences • Economic Consequences Estimated losses from $3.3- $30 bln. (slide) • Health Consequences Hazardous Toxic substances of chemical dissolvent caused multiple diseases and several deaths. • US & Canadien Offshore Drilling Policies 6-months offshore drilling moratorium in the US and National energy Board in Canada. • Spill Response Fund $20 bln BP Spill Response Fund. Goal: to minimize lawsuits against company.


Conclusion • Before and after the catastrophe, it shows that the US government didn’t supervise well enough and the action of emergency is slow. And the Offshore Drilling Regulatory Agencies have been blamed to have an uncommon relationship

to BP.

• In abysmal sea drilling even if safety is higher than 90%, all kinds of emergency responses were developed on land; There’s not enough experiences in sea.

•In order to save time and money BP used wrong materials. And some of the staff discovered spilling of oil, but no staff member paid attention to it. Also its cement which covers the volume had a design defect.


Recommendations Operating in deep water is highly dangerous, it increases potential risk of catastrophe, the deep water pressure is considerably higher than in upper

levels.

Overview of Possible Solutions

1) Legislaton - Policies limiting extractions in deeper water where technology to avoid accidents has not yet been fully proven to be developed.

2) Preventive - To focus on preventive technical control and special training of the people in charge of safety system. 3) Training and sensibiling - Educate the people operating critical oil

extraction to develop environmental consciousness. 4) Open knowledge - Take into account the examples of world’s catastrophes in oil extraction to establish worldwide Safety & Regulations


Reference 1.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill

2.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deepwater_Horizon

3.

http://www.deepwater.com/

4.

http://news.sina.com.cn/z/mghszjly/

5.

http://news.qq.com/zt2010/mxgxielou/

6.

http://news.163.com/special/00014D2T/mxgwly.html

7.

www.crs.gov

8.

EMMETT MAYER III AND DAN SHEA / THE TIMES-PICAYUNE, WHAT HAPPENED ON THE DEEPWATER HORIZON, 2010

9.

R. J. Papp, Jr., ADM Commandant, Memorandum, 2010

10. BP, Deepwater Horizon Accident Investigation Report, 08.09.2010 11. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/energy/oilandgas/7990502/BP-oil-spillminute-by-minute-report-offers-hope-for-investigators.html 12. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/6ace9e58-b09d-11df-8c04-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1d1XyOXzN 13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill#Consequences 14. http://www.computerworlduk.com/news/it-business/3275978/bp-24bn-lawsuits-claimcontractors-failed-to-use-modelling-software-properly/


THANK YOU FOR THE ATTENTION Q&A


Brittish Petroleum Oil Spill Accident