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Professional ethics


Editorial The values are fundamental in the essence professional. Tied to the life and the synchrony of daily life. They are, without a

doubt, a spiritual basis, tied to the straight healthy happenings to give life to facts, highly united the rest of humanity. United with the human being that accompanies us and that firmly believes in the details of the job that we are, whatever the profession. Professional ethics is a responsibility to fulfill values of solidarity, humanism, responsibility and on all the things honesty. All of this constitutes a solid stone that supports our function, either with our supervisor or supervised. Keep up the morale intact in the commitment of our profession allows us to construct and plant a better society, a life full of sincerity and about all things exact processes.

Professional ethics is part of each one, snug on occasion to codes or laws, but the most important thing is strengthens the individual ethic that will strengthen the effectiveness of the entire group.


Contenido Professionalism

Professional ethics

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5 The Fundamental

7 Code of Professional Ethics College of Engineers of Venezuela

Directory

Principles of the Code of Ethics of the College of Engineers of Venezuela

Engineering and Professionalism Venezuela, C.A.

Liliana Timaure

Victoria Ni単o

Milagro Atacho 2


Professionalism

By Victoria Eugenia Ni単o Term used to describe all those practices, behaviors, and attitudes that are governed by the preset rules of respect, honesty, objectivity and effectiveness in the activity being performed. Professionalism is a direct result of being a professional,

an

individual

who

has

a

particular occupation or profession and that is exercised in accordance with the guidelines

socially established

for

the

same.

The

patterns of professionalism can be very varied and range from physical aspects and its appearance (such as clothing) up to moral and ethical attitudes (such as the line of duty in any situation and reality).

The term professionalism is linked to that profession that is the ex officio legitimately acquired by a person after a career of study that provide the skills, knowledge and specific skills for the activity you chose. At the same time, there is the professionalism for those persons who exercise an ex officio, carpenter, cleaning staff, chauffeur, etc.

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Whatever our profession maintain morale intact in the commitment of our work allows us to construct and plant a better society.

…Professionalism But that still show important traits of respect, commitment, dedication and seriousness in what they do. Act as a professional means that when the time comes to exercise this activity, the person plays in accordance with the parameters specifically established for the same as well as according to general parameters of conduct and moral. Professionalism is one of the most wanted features at the time of hire a worker, there are some elements that clearly show a lack of professionalism, such as punctuality, the aggressive language, inappropriate forms of communication, lack of commitment, and the inappropriate appearance,

irresponsibility, the establishment of emotional links with colleagues or customers when this is not permitted. 4


The principles on which the ethics of professional engineering in Venezuela are based on are, undoubtedly, the integrity, honor and dignity. Without this basement that shapes the character of the Engineer, there will not be achievement of the ethical standards for the proper development of this important profession; fundamental piece in the progress and evolution of cities and towns in the nation. Some of these principles exposed in the code of ethics, contained in the 3rd clause, indicate that the professional engineering should not "to neglect the maintenance and improvement of his technical knowledge, being unworthy this way of the confidence that society grants to the professional exercise". It is important to highlight that the advances in the field of science and technology have helped to raise the technical and professional engineer level; however it is also important to note that either political, cultural, economic or social reasons it has been observed in some countries a marked increase in malpractice in the application of engineering. This double reality observed in our nation makes us appreciate extraordinary and colossal constructions with technologies of advanced, capable of supporting the inclemency of external agents and on the other hand also we have managed to observe sadly big tragedies happened by mistakes of construction or to waste big investments of resources for bad technical decisions and / or bad engineering projects.

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This principle already mentioned complements itself in the code of ethics with other principles established in the same document and especially with the 4th and 12th numerals that establish, among other things, that the Engineer must not: 4th. “Offer for the performance of specialties and functions for which do not have capacity, preparation and reasonable experiences” and 12th. “Use the inherent advantages in a paid post to compete with the independent practice of other professionals.” In this sense it is necessary to consider that make the work of engineer, carries to be responsible for technical decisions made in order to complete successfully the construction, which typically will be used by people; that is why poor praxis or lack of technical knowledge to make decisions on site, will certainly result in a possible misfortune or loss of life, in the shortest cases, misused construction equally damage the user. That is why the engineer should create his reputation as his experience grows and improves in the professional field. In this way, people can be certain of having the right engineer as required by the complexity of what is going to build, but our environment always presents the negative side of situations and more than once can be observed inexperienced professionals taking decision of positions and usually take advantage (in most cases) of their policy investiture and not their merit or experience as a professional. That is why now more than ever, it applies the code of ethics of professional engineering as more than prepare an engineer with technical and scientific rationale; it requires professional integrity, with honor and dignity.

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Code of Professional Ethics College of Engineers of Venezuela It is considered to be opposite to the ethics and incompatible with the worthy exercise of the profession for a member of the College of Engineers of Venezuela: 1st. (Virtues): To act in any form that tends to reduce the honor, the responsibility and those virtues of honesty, integrity and veracity that must attend as base to a complete exercise of the profession. 2nd. (Illegality): To violate or to allow that there should be violated the laws, ordinances and regulations related to the complete professional exercise. 3rd. (Knowledge): To neglect the maintenance and improvement of his technical knowledge, being unworthy this way of the confidence that society grants to the professional exercise. 4th. (Seriously): To offer for the performance of specialties and functions for which do not have capacity, preparation and reasonable experiences. 5th. (Waiver): To distribute, for friendship, convenience or constraint, the fulfillment of obligatory dispositions, when the mission of his post is to make them respect and expire.

6th. (Compensation): To offer, to request or to give professional services for lower remunerations than the established ones as minims, for the College of Engineers of Venezuela. 7th. (Compensation): To elaborate projects or to prepare reports, with negligence or lightness, or with unduly optimistic criterion. 8th. (Signature): To sign, without consideration, projects elaborated by others and to take responsibility for projects or works that are not under his immediate direction, review or supervision. 7


9th. (Works): To take charge of works not been done all the necessary technical studies for its proper implementation; or when to perform the same there have been reported incompatible periods with good professional practice. 10th. (Biddings): To meet deliberately or to invite, to biddings of study and / or projects of works. 11th. (Influence): To offer, to give or to receive commissions or undue remunerations and, to request influences or uses of them for the obtaining or grant of professional works, or to create situations of privilege in its action. 12th. (Advantages): To use the inherent advantages in a paid post to compete with the independent practice of other professionals. 13th. (Reputation): To commit an outrage against the reputation or the legitimate interests of other professionals, or to try to attribute unjustifiably the commission of professional mistakes to other colleagues. 14th. (Interest): To acquire interests that, directly or indirectly adjacent to those of the company or client that uses their services or to take charge without knowledge of the interested of works in which antagonistic interests exist. 15th. (Justice): To break deliberately to the principles of justice and loyalty in his relations with clients, secondary personnel and workers, of a special way, with relation to the above mentioned, with regard to the maintenance of equitable conditions of work and the just participation in the earnings.

16th. (The Environment): To intervene directly or indirectly in the destruction of the natural resources or to omit the corresponding action to avoid the production of facts that contribute to the environmental degradation. 8


17th. (Foreign): To act in any form that allows or facilitates the contracting with professionals or foreign companies, of studies or projects, construction, inspection and supervision of works, when in the opinion of the College of engineers, there is in Venezuela the ability to perform them. 18th. (Authorship): To use studies, projects, building plans, formless or other documents, which is not public domain, without the consent of the authors and / or owners. 19th. (Secret): To reveal reserved information of technician, financier or professionals nature, as well as to spread without the due authorization, procedures, processes or characteristics of protected equipments by patents or contracts that establish the obligations of guards of professional secret. As well as to use programs, discs, tapes or other media, which is not public domain, without the due authorization of the authors and / or owners, or to use without authorization of codes of access of other people, for their own benefit. 20th. (Experimentation and Unnecessary Services): To submit his client or his employer to the application of materials or methods in experimentation, without his previous and total consent and approval or to recommend to him not necessary services. 21st. (Undue Publicity): To make or to allow any not institutional advertising, directed to attract the public towards the professional and personal action or taking part in television programs, radio or other means of communication, which do not have divulgative professional character, or that in any form, commit an outrage against the dignity and seriousness of the profession. As well as, to use of position to drop declarations in the means or to do propaganda of materials, equipments and technologies. 22nd. (Trade Union Action): To break the set in the “Standards of trade union action of the College of Engineers of Venezuela". 9


Professional ethics

The word ethics comes from the Greek ethikos ("character"). It is the study of morality and human actions to promote desirable behavior. An ethical sentence implies making a moral judgment and a rule that says how you should act the members of a society. Profession refers to an occupation that is developed in order to contribute to the well-being of a society. For performing this work we need professional (person who exerts the same) to act with responsibility, according to the requirements arising by law for the development of this activity. Professional ethics intended to regulate the activities that take place within the framework of a profession. In this sense, it is a discipline that is included within applied ethics as it refers to a specific part of reality.

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Note that ethics, at a general level, is not enforced (does not impose legal or regulatory sanctions). However, professional ethics may be, in some form, in the codes of conduct governing a profession. Ethics is part of what is known as normative ethics and presents a set of principles and rules of mandatory compliance. It could be said, therefore, that professional ethics considering binding rules collected by professional ethics. Ethics suggests that which is desirable and condemns what not to do, while ethics has administrative tools to ensure that the profession is exercised in an ethical manner. Journalistic ethics, for example, condemns a journalist to receive money to post a biased news in favor of a particular person, organization or company. In the world of business, on the other hand, the ethics designates that a seller can not Perform operations outside of the company for which he works as an employee. Professional ethics derives from a concept that is known as business ethics which lays down the conditions under which human beings must relate their environment. Both forms of work are interrelated since it is important to offer a fair service and do a responsible job, as preserving the habitat in which developed it.

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Within the business ethics there are three branches that define the relationship of the different professionals with their habitat. They are: limited economism whose fundamental objective lies in maximizing profits, but compliance with imposed by the rule of law, preserving the environment and trying to satisfy the social demands of the environment), rationalist dualism (is based on the quest for profit respecting the principles imposed by a rationalist ethical theory, which determines what is correct) and moderate realism (understands that the human being has the ability to meet the needs of your environment and as such is responsible for establish a Fair relationship with their environment). When we are born we acquired our legal personality; through which we receive a series of rights and duties that will govern our lives since then. However to developlifelong social plena is needed to acquire a vocational training. That is,a particular interest in a particular activity and the necessary studies to develop well the same. But neither reaches with this learning, we need to know how to use it; This means, to exercise responsibly. The liability of a person is their obligation to answer for his own actions. It is conditioned by the freedom and the will. In regards to professional ethics, the responsibility of an individual forces him to live ethically and fair work, trying to cooperate, to the extent that you can, with the common good.

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In conclusion the study of ethics is a gateway to freedom, is to uncover the eyes and to observe the panorama of life, so act freely, or remain tied to slavery, but always under our own decisions. Ethics is simply the light which enlightens the society and its morality; his shadow. The study of ethics allows us to see this society and this morality, since out of them, and thus gives us the ability to see through them and analyze them, thus forming a criterion and an own stance towards life. When you live under the morality of a society, cannot see, nor understand its origin, then lives in the shade, away from the ethics that is the source of freedom, and only with freedom you can choose, already depend of each who choose their own path. Ethics as science that is, is universal, and morality is a particular feature of the human groups, morality is questionable, and may be in favor or against it, philosophers like Nietzsche or Kierkegaard are considered as amoral, since they considered that the moral attack on freedom, since it points out norms and values that are based on the equality of men being that every man is differenton the other hand, the theory of ethics is indisputable, since it does not indicate anything, we only shows how it is the behavior of the society in which we live. The study of the basic principles of ethics opens the doors for a more in-depth study of this interesting science. Milagro Atacho Rodriguez

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Engineering and Professionalism