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P O R T F O L I O LI JING MASTER OF URBAN DESIGN THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE


CONTENTS

BOX 01 URBAN - URBAN DESIGN THESIS

'GLUE' 02 SOCIAL - ARDEN-MACAULAY RENEWAL AREA REDEVELOPMENT

03 INTEGRATION -MARIBRYNONG DEFENCE SITE MASTERPLAN


01

URBAN BOX

- URBAN DESIGN THESIS

Melbourne Central, photographed by author

URBAN DESIGN THESIS Semester 1, 2017 Academic Thesis Individual Project Software: Rhino, Photoshop, Illustrator, AutoCAD Tutor: David Mah


PROLOGUE In Melbourne, the deep-plan buildings that occupied whole city blocks have recurred as development models. Collins Place by I. M. Pei and Melbourne Central by Kisho Kurokawa, are examples of this model. Recent development such as Melbourne Central’s renovation and the Queen Victoria Village (QV) development offer some possible strategies for large scale developments and tenanciers to occupy urban sites, while still offering pedestrian centered urban experiences. Meanwhile, compared with typical big boxes, this new model offers the possibility to reduce ecological footprint by allowing natural ventilation and daylighting.


ISSU ES

CASE STUD IES

A deep-plan shopping center may create an insulated space which is disassociated from the whole urban context

VERTICAL LINKAGES

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Open Street Retails

Shopping Center

Other Uses

Other Uses

A deep-plan shopping center may break pedestrian flows, which may discourage walking behavior.

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Length of active street frontage will also reduce, which may bring along with less attractive walking environment.

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Pedestrian Flows

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Pedestrian Flows

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When a single deep-plan building occupied a whole block, the possibility of architecture forms would be declined.

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Building Forms

Building Forms

Outdoor Streets Indoor Linkage Vertical Linkage Walk Path


FUNCTIONS

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ENTRANCES

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Horizontal Linkage Vertical Linkage Entrances Walk Path

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Supermarket Food Entertainment Gym General Retails


CASE S TU DI E S ACTIVE PARTS AFTER 7PM

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ACTIVE PARTS BEFORE 10AM

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Active Parts Closed Parts


APPR OACHES AFTER HOUR ENTR ANCES

Have a clear main route

Mixed functions operating in different period of time

Increase pathways and entrances

Allow public access beyond office hours

Increase active frontage length

Combine with other services

Locate large major shops on either top or lower ground floor

Build up strong vertical connections

Various building forms

Introduce natural featrues (sunlight) into the building

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Inactive Linkage Active Linkage Open Entrances Closed Entrances Walk Path


PO SSIB L E S I N G L E BLOCK MO DELS Models are built up on a typical Melbourne block (200m*100m), showing what strategies can be applied to the urban boxes to create a pedestrian-centred urban experience.

2.3 Frontage Length: 1.12km Public Open Space Area: 0.33ha Floor Area Ratio: 3.12 Different ways of block division.

TYPICAL BIG BOX 2.4 Frontage Length: 0.55km Public Open Space Area: 0ha Floor Area Ratio: 3.3

Frontage Length: 1.06km Public Open Space Area: 0.37ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.89

TYPE 1. ENHANCE PERMEABILITY

TYPE 3. DAYLIGHTING

1.1

3.1

Frontage Length: 0.55km Public Open Space Area: 0ha Floor Area Ratio: 3.3

Frontage Length: 0.55km Public Open Space Area: 0ha Floor Area Ratio: 3.30

Enhance frontage activity and permeability.

Glass rooftop to introduce natural daylighting.

TYPE 2. BREAKING THE COMPLEX 2.1

3.2

Frontage Length: 1.34km Public Open Space Area: 0.13ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.58

Frontage Length: 1.31km Public Open Space Area: 0.23ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.64

Break the box with open lane ways and public spaces.

Enclosed complex with open lane ways and public spaces.

2.2

3.3

Frontage Length: 1.31km Public Open Space Area: 0.23ha Floor Area Ratio: 3.90

Frontage Length: 0.7km Public Open Space Area: 0.12ha Floor Area Ratio: 3.06 Partly open the complex by an atrium.


3.4 Frontage Length: 700m Public Open Space Area: 0.12ha Floor Area Ratio: 3.06

3.5 Frontage Length: 0.65km Public Open Space Area: 0.23ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.8

Type 4. Vertical Design: 4.1 Frontage Length: 1.73km Public Open Space Area: 0.23ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.64 Build up secondary level walking system.

4.2 Frontage Length: 1.73km Public Open Space Area: 0.23ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.70 Combine outdoor corridors with topography features.

4.3 Frontage Length: 1.73km Public Open Space Area: 0.23ha Available Floor Area: 3.36


PO SSIB L E S I N G L E BLOCK MO DELS 4.4

4.5

Frontage Length: 1.03km Public Open Space Area: 0.79ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.50

Frontage Length: 0.55km Public Open Space Area: 0ha Floor Area Ratio: 3.30

Use part of the building top as public open spaces.

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5.2

Frontage Length: 0.55km Public Open Space Area: 0ha Floor Area Ratio: 4.17

Frontage Length: 1.73km Public Open Space Area: 0.23ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.64 Combine with secondary level walking system.

TYPE 6. DIFFERENT EXPRESSION 4.7

6.1

Frontage Length: 0.72km Public Open Space Area: 1.65ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.16

Frontage Length: 1.18km Public Open Space Area: 0.08ha Floor Area Ratio: 1.82

Use the building top as public open spaces.

Design each building with different building forms and facades.

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6.2

Frontage Length: 0.66km Public Open Space Area: 1.65ha Available Floor Area:2.35

Frontage Length: 1.13km Public Open Space Area: 0.59ha Floor Area Ratio: 4.65 Combination of large complex and smaller buildings.

TYPE 5. DIRECT INTERFACES 5.1

6.3

Frontage Length: 1.31km Public Open Space Area: 0.23ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.64

Frontage Length: 1.15km Public Open Space Area: 1.06ha Floor Area Ratio: 3.83

Direct interfaces.


POSSIB L E COMB INATION MOD EL S

01 Frontage Length: 8.52km Public Open Space Area: 4.75ha Floor Area Ratio: 2.77

02 Frontage Length: 9.87km Public Open Space Area: 5.82ha Floor Area Ratio: 3.24


DET AIL D E S I G N - DA Y T IME

Glass ceiling on commercial building rooftop to allow natural daylighting.

Matrix of lane ways connecting with surrounding neighborhood.

Private open space (rooftop restaurant and swimming pool) facilitating hotel buildings that is only accessible for customers.

Break the large box into smaller blocks and express each buildings in different ways.

Transparent direct frontage for small retails with open street cafe seats

Semi-public open space (open kitchen and party area) facilitating residential buildings that is only accessible for residents.


Secondary walking system increased theoretical frontage length.

Secondary walking system connecting ground and rooftop, can be accessed in 24 hours

Public open spaces on retail building rooftops with various choices of activities.

Well connected secondary walking system with linkage bridges

Semi-public open spaces facilitating office and residential buildings with swimming pool and tennis playground. Mix functions with cinema, gym, supermarket etc.

Private open space (community garden) facilitating residential buildings that is only accessible for residents.


DET AIL D E S I G N - N IGH T T IME

Bars and night clubs can be accessed through secondary walking system, providing a long period of active hours.

Same space can be used differently at different time periods: E.g. At night time, the square can be transferred to be an open cinema.

Spaces can be used seasonally: E.g. Swimming pool be busy and popular at summer time.

A number of entrances connect ground and rooftop spaces directly to ensure accessibility in 24 hours.


Different groups of people use the space in different time and different ways: E.g. Only adults would be attracted by night clubs when children may prefer parks.

Efficient lighting on secondary level walking system encourage public usage at night time.

Different spaces attract people at different time periods: E.g. Bars and clubs experience busy hours at night time when retails are closed.

Shops and restaurants operating in various hours: E.g.: Apple shop open only at day time, while McDonald open in 24 hours.

Lighting at night time encourages usage of facilities at night time.


02

SOCIAL 'GLUE'

- ARDEN-MACAULAY RENEWAL AREA REDEVELOPMENT

URBAN DESIGN STUDIO B Semester 2, 2016 Academic Project Cooperation Project Role in Group: Design, MasterPlan & Bird View Image Making, Modelling Software: Rhino, Grasshopper, Photoshop, Illustrator Tutor: Geoff Kimm & Xiaoran Huang Location: Arden-Macaulay Renewal Area, Melbourne Collaborator: Wang Hejin


PROLOGUE Located partly in Kensington and Partly in North Melbourne, the site is now facing a disconnection issue both physically and socially. This project aims to enhance social connections across the existing tripartite barriers (creek, city link and railway) that divides the site and over which it is difficult to add new physical connections. The approach focuses on a transit-oriented development method to develop mixed land uses as attractors that unify the two sides. The placement of housing typology is qualified by demographic factors to provide facilities for all groups.


SITE ISSUES Located partly in Kensington and Partly in North Melbourne, the site is now facing a disconnection issue both physically and socially.

KENSINGTON

NORTH MELBOURNE

PHYSICAL ISSUES North Melbourne

Kensington

Physically, Arden-Macaulay Area is divided by a tripartite barrier constituted by Moonee Ponds Creek, City Link and railway. However, according to site analysis, it would be difficult to add new physical connections.

SOCIAL ISSUES Kensington

North Melbourne

Most Prominent Housing Type

Median Personal Income Weekly

House/Townhouse (64%)

Residential Apartment (58%)

$921

$613

Kensington and North Melbourne have a significant difference in housing types and income, which indicated an existing social distribution.


AP P R O A C H E S

STEP 1:

STEP 2:

The main approach of this project is to enhance east to west social connection by concentrating new development around existing east to west physical connections (bridges cross the tripartite barrier), since adding new physical connections would be a money and time consuming option.

Enhance physical connection by upgrading street network

STEP 3:

Endow various functions into attractor nodes

STEP 4:

Provide a variety of housing types for different groups of people

Locate attractors according to street frequency

STEP 5:

Decide building topology to support the use of attractors and diversity of housing choices


S T EP 1 A N D 2 : D IGIT A L A N A LYSIS

Step 1: Measure the density of street intersections to test physical connection.

Step 2: Enhance physical connection by increasing new streets.

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Step 4: Use newly located activity nodes as start points to test street connectivity around activity nodes.

Step 5: Adjust street network until all streets are well connected.

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Step 3: Use existing attractors (transit nodes, bridges and green spaces) as start points to test street frequency and locate main activity nodes.

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Existing Attractors Proposed Activity Nodes

Step 6: Test street frequency again with proposed activity nodes and decide street hierarchy, functions and building typology on the results.

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Proposed Activity Nodes


S T EP 3 TO 5 : DESIGN C ON C EPT Location of activity nodes, street hierarchy, building function, height limit and building types are all generated based on the test outcome of street frequency.

ACTIVITY NODES

STREET HIERARCHY

FUNCT ION LEGEND

HEIGHT LIMIT

BUILDING TYPES

STREET FREQUENCY

City Link Trunk Road Primary Road Secondary Road Tertiary Road Residential Road Project Site Boundary

Retail Mix Use|Retail& Residential Mix Use|Retail& Business Business Residential Creative Industry Public Use|Service&Utility Public Use|Education Public Use|Entertainments Green Space

Proposed Buildings -30M Proposed Buildings -20M Proposed Buildings -12M Existing Buildings Tower With Podium Perimeter Slabs Houses


MAST E R P L A N

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1:10000 MASTER PLAN


CO MPA R I S O N STREET HIERARCHY EXISTING

PROPOSED

City Link Trunk Road Primary Road Secondary Road

LEGEND

Tertiary Road Residential Road Project Site Boundary

MACA ULAY ROAD INTERFACE EXISTING

Unoccupied

13M

13M

EAST

Industrial Manufacturing

Industrial Storage

PROPOSED

Residential

Retail

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21M

Business

Mix Use Retail& Business

Industrial Storage


LAND USE EXISTING

PROPOSED

[ LEGEND

13M

21M

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187.5

375

750

1,125

Retail Mix Use|Retail& Residential Mix Use|Retail& Business Business

13M

18.5M

Unoccupied

Business

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Meters 1,500

Residential Creative Industry Public Use|Service&Utility Public Use|Education

187.5

375

15M

750

1,125

Meters 1,500

Public Use|Entertainments Green Space

17M Business Residential

Industrial Manufacturing

Mix Use Retail& Business

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Business

Residential WEST

Retail


03

INTEGRATION

-MARIBRYNONG DEFENCE SITE MASTERPLAN

URBAN DESIGN STUDIO A Semester 1, 2016 Academic Project Cooperation Project Role in Group: Design, Masterplan & Detailed Design Making, Collages Making, Hand-drawing, Physical Model Making Tutor: Jocelyn Tze-Lyn Chiew Location: Maribrynong Defence Site, Melbourne Collaborator: Krishna Keerthi, Dai Yiran, Cai Zijian


PROLOGUE

The Maribyrnong Defence Site is expected to be redeveloped to accommodate the increasingly population growth, after being closed to the public for more than 100 years because of contamination. This project aims to build an active residential area with diversity in housing types. A continuous green corridor along the site boundary will extend natural landscape into the neighbourhood and serve as an attraction to both residents and visitors arriving at the site. Emphasis on the reuse of heritage buildings as cultural activity centres will increase employment opportunities for local people.


BACKGROUND After being closed to the public for more than 100 years because of contamination, the Maribyrnong Defence Site is expected to be redeveloped as home for more people living, learning and working locally. In 2041, the Maribyrnong municipality is estimated to have 30018 population1, compared with 12550 population in 20152, coming along with a large demand for housing supply and employment opportunities.

Maribyrnong Municipality Maribyrnong Defence Site

S I T E I D E N TI TY MARIBYRNONG RIVER Three sides of the site are surrounded by the Maribyrnong River. Major green spaces locate on the opposite side of the river, which can hardly be reached by people living in the site.

Green Spaces Maribyrnong River

HERITAGE BUILDINGS Although with numbers heritage buildings in high to exceptional value, most of these heritage are underutilised. Without proper function, these heritage buildings can hardly be reserved in future development.

Exceptional Value High Value Moderate Value 1. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011, City of Maribyrnong Population Forcast, .id, viewed 11 August 2016, <http://forecast. id.com.au/maribyrnong>. 2. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011, CIty of Maribyrnong Community Profile, .id, viewed 12 August 2016, <http://profile. id.com.au/maribyrnong>.


D ESI G N C O N C E PT

Combined with two main features of the site: Maribyrnong River and heritage buildings with high values, a continuous green belt and a commercial axis will be built to strengthen local identity of the neighbourhood.

Commercial Axis Heritage Nodes Green Belt Maribyrnong River

GREEN BELT

HERITAGE RENOVATION

Surrounding Green Spaces

Commercial Axis

Green Belt

Heritage Nodes Reserved Heritage Buildings


M A STE R P L A N & CO LLA G ES

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1:10000 MASTER PLAN


CREAT IVE HUB

POP-UP MARKET

GATEHOUSE BOULEVARD

ENTRANCE SQUARE


DET AIL D E S I G N

Vehicle Entrance Local Business & Residential

Local Business

Craft Workshop

Tram Station Shared Street

Traffic Barrier

Outdoor Cafe Seats

Cafe Shop Maribynong Defence Area Museum

Retails

Restaurants

Green Tram Track Indoor Park

Library

Gatehouse Boulevard

Entrance Square

Reserved Buildings Cycle Path Cordite Avenue


Underground Parking Entrances

Local Business & Residential

Local Business & Residential

Pedestrian & Cyclist Only Path Parking Space Restaurants

Community Centre

Skating Park

Tram Track Tram Station

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1:1000 DETAIL DESIGN


T H E E N D

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