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WHERE IN THE WORLD IS... BRAZIL?

It’s time to get out your globe! You need to know about the imaginary lines on globes and maps. These lines are called lines of latitude and longitude, and they tell a pilot or ship’s captain exactly where in the world a certain place is located. Basically, latitude lines (also called parallels) are the horizontal lines on your map. Lines of longitude (also called meridians) are the vertical lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. This mapping system is written in degrees and uses the symbol °. Get ready to travel the world!

On your globe, find longitude of 55ºW and latitude of 10ºS, and you'll find the country of Brazil. It is located on the east coast of South America. It borders the Atlantic Ocean and is about the same size as the United States. In fact, it is the largest country in South America. It is surrounded by many smaller countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. It shares a border with every country in South America, except Chile and Ecuador! The climate of Brazil is mostly tropical. The terrain is mostly flat, but with some hills, mountains and a coastal area on the east coast. The capital of Brazil is Brasilia. The country celebrates Independence Day on September 7, which marks its independence from Portugal in 1822. Brazil has a strong economy. Agricultural, mining, manufacturing and service industries are well-developed. The main agricultural products of Brazil are coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus and beef. Coffee, soybeans and even footwear are some of the main exports that the country sells to other countries. Photo, left: A panoramic view of Iguazu Falls along the Brazil-Argentina border. The entire waterfall system consists of 275 falls along 1.7 miles of the Iguazu River.

Sources: "Brazil," The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html.

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SEPTEMBER 2011

Kidsville News - August 2011  

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