Once the meeting starts, welcome everyone and ask the participants: • Who can help us remember what we talked about in our last meeting? • Who was able to do the activity at home that we asked you to do at the end of the meeting? How did it go? • Does anyone have questions or concerns after doing the activity?
What are we going to learn?
How to help 4 year-old children have enough room to move and strengthen their bodies. LET’S TALK ABOUT IT! We are going to look at some pictures, so we can talk about what we all know about this topic. In your community, how often do both parents play active games with their 4 year-old children? Why do you think this is a good thing to do?
What are some games that you know 4 year-olds like to play? Does your family or community have open spaces where pre-school age children can freely play? Why or why not?
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“Games make us move” We are going to practice active games to play in big spaces.
What we’ll need: • An open porch
WHAT WE’LL DO: Explain that there is an important link between physical and mental ability, and because of this, we are going to practice various games with the children who are present. • Tag: One of the players is it and he or she runs and traps someone else and yell, “tagged” and then the person he or she tagged is it. • Applause: Make a circle and run around according to how loud the facilitator claps. When the applause is soft and slow run slowly and when it is loud and fast run fast. • Frozen: Walk around in different directions. When the facilitator claps, everyone freezes. When the facilitator claps again everyone unfreezes and starts walking around again. • Open and Close: Jump up and down while opening and closing your legs. Jump up and open your legs then jump again and close your legs. • Crab: Walk backwards with your hands and feet on the floor. • After everyone has played the games, give each participant a piece of flipchart paper and markers or colored pencils and ask them to draw the game they liked best. • When everyone has drawn something, have each person show his or her picture and explain the reasons why they liked that game the most. • To finish up, explain that the games that were played today should be done in a big area without danger. Adults should pick games that are appropriate for the development of 4 year-old children. Other Suggestions: Make sure you convince everyone to participate in the games. Only those who are pregnant or sick should not play.
What did we learn today? Now, we’ll review what we discussed today. • How do you feel after this meeting? Why? • What are the two most important things you’ve learned today? • What will you do differently based on what you learned during the meeting? • What did you like the most? Are there things you didn’t like? • Do you have any remaining concerns or questions about what we talked about?
19 To finish, what would you recommend to improve today’s meeting when we do it again with another group. (Explain that answering this question will help the meeting be even better in the future for parents with small children.)
To do at home:
Tell families to organize an afternoon when they play active games with their neighbors.
Basic information for the facilitator: Learning more about active play: 1- Active play with the family and in pairs:
• In order to best develop a child’s intelligence and abilities, they need to strengthen their skills in body movement through games. • Keeping a child seated at this age does not help him learn. Children need to move their bodies. • Good activities for children are: • Movements: Play with different ways of moving: moving from one place to another, walking, running and jumping. Children can do this in teams, two on two, to the front, to the back, sideways. Parents can draw guides on the floor to show children where they can go and place obstacles for them to go around. • Children can also do these exercises with an object in their hand, while throwing a ball or while tossing a ball from one hand to the other. It is important that in this type of play you increase the difficulty level so that the child’s abilities improve. • Good activities to improve children’s use of their hands include playing with hoops, ropes, balls, stilts, climbing, rolling and crawling. You can pretend you are an animal that does these movements.
• Other ways that a child can increase his abilities to move and think is by activities like dance or sports like football, volleyball, baseball or swimming. • Parents can find ways for their children to have the opportunity to practice these types of games. Parents may have to work together to find a space in the community for a child practice these vital things. • Parents should continue to spend an hour a day of their time to playing with their children. • Children should spend a minimum of two hours a day to practice these different activities.
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