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LIFE programme - Country Factsheet

GERMANY Overview Since the launch of the LIFE programme by the European Commission in 1992, a total of 322 projects have been co-financed in Germany. Of these, 193 focus on environmental innovation, three on Information and communication, 123 on nature conservation, and three on capacity building. These projects represent a total investment of €804 million, of which €317 million has been contributed by the This document provides an

European Union.

overview of LIFE in Germany. It showcases success stories and ongoing initiatives, indicates how to find further

Every year a call for project proposals is launched for its three components: Nature and Biodiversity, Environment Policy and Governance, and Information and Communication.

information on the projects and provides a list of current

You will find more details on these and all recent LIFE

projects in Annex.

projects in Germany in the annexed lists.

Last update: 9/12/13

European Commission, DG Environment – LIFE E.3 & E.4 Units (

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Environment Policy and Governance To date, the LIFE Environment and LIFE Environment Policy and Governance components have co-financed 193 projects in Germany. This represents a total investment of €487 million, of which €142 million has been contributed by the European Union. Completed projects focused mainly on the areas of clean technologies (37 projects) and wastewater treatment (24 projects). Other popular themes included water supply and water quality, site rehabilitation, reducing emissions and air pollution, eco-product design (ecological certification of products from sustainable marine aquaculture), and the protection of nature and biodiversity in urban areas. Most projects were implemented by SMEs (49 projects) and international enterprises (34 projects), followed by local and regional authorities (19 and 16 projects respectively) and research institutions (14 projects). The projects had an average duration of 24 to 60 months. There are 12 ongoing projects in Germany. These cover a variety of themes, including forest management, water management, sensitive (coastal and protected) areas management, the impact of economic activities on the environment, waste water treatment, agricultural and municipal waste, energy supply, environmental management, air pollution and chemicals. The average duration foreseen is between 24 and 60 months. The project presented in the box below is an example of a successful LIFE Environment project in Germany.

Ecological Certification of Products from Sustainable Marine Aquaculture (ECOSMA) LIFE07/ENV/D/000229 The ECOSMA project developed criteria for organic aquaculture. It brought together numerous stakeholders such as producers, retailers, scientists, supervisory authorities and consumers to initiate a discussion on the criteria for organic aquaculture. During the project, a wide range of dissemination activities, training programmes and public events were carried out successfully. For example, a list of all eco-labels for fish and seafood found in Germany was compiled and during project events an educational game on the topics of buyer behaviour and consumption patterns in relation to fish and seafood was presented. On the same occasions, a lecture entitled "Fish on the table - but which?" was held, which showed the differences between conventional and sustainable aquaculture and highlighted the variety of different eco-labels on the market. One event organized was the Kiel “Tag am Kai” (Day on the quayside), a sustainable aquaculture event, which has since become an annual street festival with training sessions and exhibitions. Furthermore, a committee bringing together stakeholders in the aquaculture sector was created by the project. This committee will continue its’ activities after the project end date, under the association, the “Bundesverband Aquakultur” (Federal Association of Aquaculture), which was founded in October 2011 as a consequence of the project. The project also developed the “Guidelines for sustainable marine aquaculture (Leitfaden für die nachhaltige marine Aquakultur”), which provide detailed information, including a business model, for sustainable marine aquaculture businesses. The ECOSMA project also demonstrated guidelines for calculating the CO2 emissions from each process and sub-process in the cultivation of seaweed and in the production of a seaweed extract. This CO2 footprinting exercise was a first for the aquaculture sector, anywhere in the world, and followed the new procedures of the GHG Product Protocol. The new EU Regulation ((EC) No 834/2007) on organic production and the labeling of organic products was published on the 05.08.2009 and the beneficiary is the first company in Germany to be certified under this regulation. For further information:

Last update: 9/12/13

European Commission, DG Environment – LIFE E.3 & E.4 Units (

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Nature and Biodiversity To date, the LIFE Nature and LIFE Nature and Biodiversity components have co-financed 123 projects in Germany. This represents a total investment of €307 million, of which €170 million has been contributed by the European Union. More than half of the completed projects targeted habitats such as wetlands, bogs, river landscapes, forests (mainly in mountainous areas or alluvial forests) and dry grasslands (both mountainous and coastal). The targeted species were the freshwater mussel, the fire-bellied toad, the allis shad, the great bustard and bats. The beneficiaries were mostly regional authorities, NGOs and local authorities. Their average duration ranged from 36 to 88 months. There are 44 ongoing projects under the LIFE+ Nature component. The majority of these projects focus on improving and restoring habitats such as grasslands), rivers and watercourses, floodplains, bogs and mires. The species targeted include the corncrake, the aquatic warbler, the marsh fritillary, the black-tailed godwit, the common spadefoot, the greater horseshoe bat and the lesser spotted eagle. The average duration of the projects ranges from 48 to 72 months. The beneficiaries are mostly regional authorities, NGOs and park authorities. The project presented in the box below is an example of a successful LIFE Nature project in Germany.

Conservation and regeneration of Nardus Grasslands in Central Europe (Borstgrasrasen) LIFE06/NAT/D/000008 This project successfully improved the conservation status of species-rich sub-mountainous Nardus grasslands in target areas in three countries (Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg), and also improved the connectivity of these priority habitats in the countries’ border areas. Long-term management schemes were designed to help safeguard the Nardus grassland sites. Public relations actions carried out by the project were considered to be good practice and were effective in raising awareness about the habitat’s management requirements. Innovation was introduced in the form of a geo-caching trail. Tangible results included: habitat management plans for 34 project sites; 78 ha of land purchased or leased; 159 ha of intrusive bushes and shrubs removed; 126 ha of land previously covered by thick grass layers was mulched to facilitate rehabilitation of Nardus species; 30 km of fencing was installed to control and manage livestock grazing on the project sites and grass seed was sown on over 70 ha; a multilingual project website (EN, DE, FR) was created; a portfolio of multilingual publicity material was published; a large international workshop was organised; several nature trails were created; and a number of guided excursions took place. The ongoing sustainability of the project is dependent on securing funding to help ensure that the extensive land management techniques remain economically viable. Such funds may be available from agri-environment schemes. For further information:

Last update: 9/12/13

European Commission, DG Environment – LIFE E.3 & E.4 Units (

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Information and Communication Projects funded under the LIFE+ Information and Communication component disseminate information and raise the profile of environmental issues. They also provide training and raise awareness on the prevention of forest fires. To date, one project closed under this component in Germany. The B+B campaign project’s objective was to a) improve awareness and understanding among corporate decision-makers about the environmental impacts of business operations and about business opportunities in relation to biodiversity conservation; and b) to promote biodiversity partnerships between businesses, NGOs and other stakeholders. The project had a duration of 40 months and a total budget of €2.2 million, of which the European Union contributed 49.91%. The project’s results are described in details in the box below. There are two ongoing projects under this component in Germany. The “Netze des Lebens” project aims to raise awareness about the need to increase connectivity between forest ecosystems in order to create corridors for migratory species, such as the wild cat. Its expected duration is 36 months and the project has a total budget of €1.9 million, of which the European Union is contributing 50%. The second project - "Pro-Klima Autoklimaanlage" – is campaigning to reduce environmental pollution caused by vehicle air conditioning systems. It has a total budget of €0.8 million, of which the EU is contributing 49.94%. Its expected duration is 36 months.

European Business and Biodiversity Campaign (B+B Campaign) LIFE08/INF/D/000022 This project carried out a wide range of awareness raising activities, including around 200 events and presentations. Biodiversity checks were carried out in 30 companies, coming from various sectors and of different sizes, such as the automotive manufacturer Daimler, the tour operator TUI, the Spanish energy company, Iberdrola, the outdoors outfitter VAUDE, and companied operating in the mining sector in Germany. The aim of these biodiversity checks was to evaluate biodiversity issues and to give recommendations on how to compensate any ecological destruction. Biodiversity checks have become a success story for the project beneficiary, GNF, which signed contracts with several companies for the checks, creating five permanent jobs in the process. Another success story was the project’s landscape auctions. In total 12 landscape auctions were held in Germany, Spain and The Netherlands. These function in the same way as normal auctions, but bids are made for elements of the landscape or local biodiversity. The auctions were very successful events and a good door opener to discuss biodiversity issues with companies and to increase understanding on the issue. Auctions were not limited to landscape conservation but also included such activities as the protection of bats and the planting of trees. Forums on biodiversity were also held in six European regions with the aim of engaging SMEs in biodiversity protection. The purpose was again to increase understanding on the abstract issue of biodiversity and to underline the reality of biodiversity loss. By the end of the project, activities such as the biodiversity checks and landscape auctions were adopted by many of the companies involved and were expected to be continued after LIFE funding. The beneficiaries will maintain the established contacts, particularly with the companies and NGOs that participated in the project, and will attend international conferences and events. The beneficiaries, with the support of the German Association for Environmental Management Professionals, will also continue capacity building for auditors and certified companies in Germany and the rest of the EU. For further information:

Last update: 9/12/13

European Commission, DG Environment – LIFE E.3 & E.4 Units (

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How to find out more about LIFE and LIFE projects By surfing on the LIFE website The LIFE website provides a wealth of information on the LIFE programme:

By searching on the LIFE projects For further information on LIFE projects in Germany or LIFE projects in general, please consult the online LIFE projects database. The easy-to-use database is the authoritative source of information on all ongoing and closed LIFE projects. The database also provides information on the beneficiaries, their contact details, and the projects’ websites.

By contacting: The National Contact Point for Germany Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit (Central coordination) Name: Address: Tel: Fax: E-mail: Website:

Mr. Frank Klingenstein, Referat N I 2 (Gebietsschutz, Natura 2000) Postfach 12 06 29 D- 53048 Bonn +49 228/305-2626 +49 228/305-2694

The Monitoring Team for Germany ASTRALE EEIG - Particip GmbH Merzhauserstrasse 183 D-79100 FREIBURG Tel: +49 761 790 74 0 Fax: +49 761 79074 90 Email:

Last update: 9/12/13

European Commission, DG Environment – LIFE E.3 & E.4 Units (

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Recent Environment Policy & Governance projects in Germany Project Title

Project Number


Further Development and Implementation of an EU-level Forest Monitoring System (FutMon)

LIFE07 ENV_D_000218

Securing the Conservation of Natura Grassland Habitats with a Distributed Bioenergy Production (PROGRASS)

LIFE07 ENV_D_000222

Promoting the Protection of Natura and Biodiversity in Urban Areas: Award European Capital of Nature and Biodiversity (Capital of Biodiversity)

LIFE07 ENV_D_000224

Ecological Certification of Products from Sustainable Marine Aquaculture (ECOSMA)

LIFE07 ENV_D_000229

Best practices and Technologies to Develop Green Wastes and Residues as Raw Materials for Variants of Utilization (Best4VarioUse)

LIFE07 ENV_D_000240


Management plan to prevent threats from point sources on the good chemical status of groundwater in urban areas (MAFPlan)

LIFE08 ENV_D_000021

Use of immanent energy for sludge treatment - a central step towards self-sustaining sewage flow management (Sus Treat)

LIFE08 ENV_D_000026

Substitution portal : moving towards safer alternatives (SUBSPORT)

LIFE08 ENV_D_000027

Sustainable use of and identification with the River Neckar in co-operative governance (national, municipal and regional level) (MY FAVOURITE RIVER)

LIFE09 ENV_D_000011

Hamburg Water Cycle Jenfelder Au (HWC - Jenfelder Au)

Click on the icon to read the project summary

Project duration

01/2009–> 12/2010

01/2009–> 06/2012

01/2009–> 12/2011

01/2009–> 12/2011

01/2009–> 12/2011

01/2010–> 12/2014

01/2010–> 12/2014

01/2010–> 12/2012

11/2010–> 12/2014

LIFE10 ENV_D_000158


09/2011–> 08/2016

Demand Response in Industrial Production (DRIP)

LIFE11 ENV_D_000340

Sustainability Maker (SuM)

LIFE11 ENV_D_000342

Material Advanced Recovery Sustainable Systems (MARSS)

LIFE11 ENV_D_000343


LIFE11 ENV_D_000495

Novel purification technique for the treatment of waste air in the manufacturing process

LIFE11 ENV_D_001073

Last update: 9/12/13

09/2012–> 08/2014 06/2012–> 05/2015 09/2012–> 08/2015 09/2012–> 11/2015

07/2012–> 07/2014

European Commission, DG Environment – LIFE E.3 & E.4 Units (

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of paraformaldehyde (Abluftreinigungsverfahren)

Recent Nature & Biodiversity projects in Germany Project Title

Project Number


Erhaltung und Entwicklung der Steppenrasen Thüringens (Steppenrasen Thüringens)

LIFE07 NAT_D_000213 /themen/naturschutz/steppenrasen/ content.html

Rehabilitation of streams in the " Arnsberger Wald" (Bachtäler Arnsberger Wald)

LIFE07 NAT_D_000214 m_content&view=article&id=56&It emid=117

Hillsides and Floodplains in the Danube valley between Neustadt and Bad Abbach (DONAU KEH)

LIFE07 NAT_D_000225

Habitat optimisation in a local breeding population of Blacktailed Godwits in the NATURA 2000 site "NSG HetterMillinger Bruch, mit Erweiterung" (Limosa-Habitat Hetter)

LIFE07 NAT_D_000232

Restoration of habitats in the Federsee bog (ReHa Federseemoor)

LIFE07 NAT_D_000233

Protection of Wild Birds in Traditional Orchards of the Central Swabian Alb Foothills and the Central Valley of the Rems River (Streuobstwiese Albvorland)

LIFE07 NAT_D_000236

Upper Main valley (Obermain)

LIFE08 NAT_D_000001

Optimization of watercourses in Middle Franconia for the Green club-tailed Dragonfly (Ophi-ogomphus cecilia) (Keiljungfer)

LIFE08 NAT_D_000002 ten/keiljungfer-life-projekt.html

Preservation and restoration of base-rich to alkaline fens (”brown moss fens”, NATURA 2000 habitat type 7230) in Brandenburg (Kalkmoore Brandenburgs)

LIFE08 NAT_D_000003

Conserving and developing pastures (habitat types 4030, (*)6212, *6230, 6510, 8220, 8230) of the “Wetterauer Trockeninsel” (Wetterauer Hutungen)

LIFE08 NAT_D_000004

Management and Connectivity of Amphibians in the Cultural Landscape of Lower Saxony (LIFE-AMPHIKULT)

LIFE08 NAT_D_000005

Restoration of a side channel of the river Rhine near Wesel, Lower German Rhine

LIFE08 NAT_D_000007

Last update: 9/12/13

Click on the icon to read the project summary

Project duration

01/2009 –> 12/2014

01/2009 –> 03/2014

01/2009 –> 06/2013

01/2009 –> 06/2014

01/2009 –> 12/2012

01/2009 –> 12/2013

01/2010 –> 06/2014

01/2010 –> 12/2013 01/2010 –> 03/2015 01/2010 –> 03/2015

01/2010 –> 12/2014

01/2010 –> 12/2015

European Commission, DG Environment – LIFE E.3 & E.4 Units (

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(Nebenrinne Bislich-Vahnum) Near-natural river and flood plain development of the River Ems at Einen – river dynamics and habitat diversity (EmsDynamik+Habitate)

LIFE08 NAT_D_000008

Restoration and improvement of the SCI "Möhne Oberlauf" and the SCI "Möhne Mittellauf" (Life+ Möhneaue)

LIFE08 NAT_D_000009

Improvement of the connection between the river and the floodplain within the pSCI "Lippe floodplain between Hangfort and Hamm" (Life Projekt "Lippeaue")

LIFE08 NAT_D_000010

Development of humid and moist forests in the Soonwald (Soonwald)

LIFE08 NAT_D_000012

Improvement and Long-Term Safeguarding of the Natura 2000 Site “Dessau-Wörlitz Elbe Floodplain” (Elbauen bei Vockerode)

LIFE08 NAT_D_000013 ojekt-dessau-woerlitzer-elbauen/

Rhine wetlands near Rastatt (Rheinauen bei Rastatt)

LIFE09 NAT_DE_000004

Woodlands and river valleys on the Steigerwald slopes near Iphofen (Steigerwaldrand Iphofen)

LIFE09 NAT_DE_000005

Optimisation of NATURA2000-habitats in the National Park Eifel Wald – Wasser Wildnis)

LIFE09 NAT_DE_000006

Sustained, favourable management and improvement of mountain hay meadows near Winterberg (Bergmähwiesen Winterberg)

LIFE09 NAT_DE_000007

Conservation and restoration of the Allis shad in the Gironde and Rhine watersheds (Alosa alosa) Rebuilding and preserving hanging bogs, raised bogs and transitional mires including the neighbouring habitats in the Hunsrueck and Eifel regions (Rhineland-Palatinate) (Hangund Hoochmoore)

LIFE09 NAT_DE_000008

LIFE09 NAT_DE_000009

01/2010 –> 12/2014

01/2010 –> 03/2015

03/2010 –> 02/2015

01/2010 –> 12/2014

01/2010 –> 12/2018

10/2010 –> 12/2014

01/2011 –> 12/2015

01/2011 –> 12/2015

01/2011 –> 12/2015

01/2011 –> 12/2016

Reestablishment of the Marsh Fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia) (LIFE-Aurinia)

LIFE09 NAT_DE_000010

Habitat improvement for endangered animals and plants in the NATURA 2000 areas of Stromberg, Heckengäu and Schönbuch (LIFE rund ums Heckengäu)

LIFE10 NAT_DE_000005 ervlet/is/78395/

Conservation, regeneration and development of matt-grass meadows in the highlands of the Eifel in North RhineWestphalia (Allianz Borstgrasrasen)

LIFE10 NAT_DE_000006

Last update: 9/12/13

01/2011 –> 12/2015

09/2010 –> 12/2018

09/2011 –> 08/2016 aktuelle-projekte-der-biostationeuskirchen.php

10/2011 –> 09/2016

European Commission, DG Environment – LIFE E.3 & E.4 Units (

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Dry, calcareous habitats in the cultural landscape of Höxter (KTKK HX)

LIFE10 NAT_DE_000007

Rur and Kall – fluvial habitats (Rur und Kall)

LIFE10 NAT_DE_000008

Acidophilous oak woods with bogs and heaths (Eichenwälder bei Wesel)

LIFE10 NAT_DE_000009

River and floodplain improvement Emmericher Ward within the EU Bird Area Unterer Niederrhein (Emmericher Ward)

LIFE10 NAT_DE_000010

Waterlogging and grassland extensification in Lower Saxony to improve habitats of the Corncrake (Crex crex) and the Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa)

LIFE10 NAT_DE_000011

Improvement of the breeding and feeding habitats for the Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina), as well as for the Corn Crake (Crex crex) and the Aquatic Warbler (Acrocephalus paludicola) in the SPA “Schorfheide-Chorin” (Schreiadler Schorfheide)

LIFE10 NAT_DE_000012

Re-wetting valuable raised bogs in the northern Hannover Region (Hannoversche Moorgeest)

LIFE11 NAT_DE_000344

Vineyards and orchards on Muschelkalk limestone (MainMuschelkalk)

LIFE11 NAT_DE_000345


Greater horseshoe bat in Upper Palatinate: Optimization of habitats and public perception (Große Hufeisennase Bayern)

LIFE11 NAT_DE_000346

06/2012 –> 03/2017

Grassland for meadowbirds (Grassland for meadowbirds)

LIFE11 NAT_DE_000347

09/2012 –> 03/2021

Species conservation project Common Spadefoot (Pelobates fuscus) in parts of the Münsterland (North RhineWestphalia) (Schutz der Knoblauchkröte)

LIFE11 NAT_DE_000348

http://www.knoblauchkroetenschutz .de

Stabilisation of the core population of the Black-tailed Godwit and protection of Dunlin and Ruff (LIFE LIMOSA)

LIFE11 NAT_DE_000353

Heathland alliance: Biodiversity and habitat network in Nördlinger Ries and in the Wörnitz Valley (LIFE HeideAllianz)

LIFE12 NAT_DE_000091


Bogs, flowing waters and nardus grasslands in the Bavarian Forest National Park (LIFE+Nationalpark BayWald)

LIFE12 NAT_DE_000093

Last update: 9/12/13

09/2011 –> 08/2016

01/2012 –> 12/2016

01/2021 –> 12/2016

01/2012 –> 12/2017 11/2011 –> 10/2020 s/detail.php/ 10/2011 –> 03/2017

09/2012 –> 08/2023

08/2012 –> 10/2017

10/2012 –> 12/2016

10/2012 –> 12/2022

08/2013 –> 09/2018

N/A 10/2013 –> 09/2018

European Commission, DG Environment – LIFE E.3 & E.4 Units (

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Rhine bend in Orsoy in the bird sanctuary "Lower Rhine Area" (Life Orsoyer Rheinbogen)

LIFE12 NAT_DE_000133


Conservation and restoration of raised bogs in southern Egge mountainsLIFE-Projekt Egge-Moore)

LIFE12 NAT_DE_000136


LIFE sand grasslands in the area Dahme-Seengebiet (LIFE Sandrasen)

LIFE12 NAT_DE_000144


10/2013 –> 03/2018

07/2013 –> 06/2018

07/2013 –> 06/2019

Recent Information and Communication projects in Germany Project Title

Project Number


European Business and Biodiversity Campaign (B + B campaign)

LIFE08 INF_D_000022

Biotope networks - networks of life : promoting a forest corridor system with a European perspective (Netze des Lebens)

LIFE08 INF_D_000032 ng

Information campaign"ProKlima: Efficient car climatisation through natural cooling substances" (Pro-Klima Autoklimaanlage)

LIFE09 INF_DE_000012

Last update: 9/12/13

Click on the icon to read the project summary

Project duration

01/2010 –> 12/2012

01/2010 –> 12/2012 09/2010 –> 08/2013

European Commission, DG Environment – LIFE E.3 & E.4 Units (

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Germany update en final dec13 rev  
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