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Association of Licensed Architects

$6.00 Volume 17, No. 1 Spring 2013

LicensedArc hitect A Pu blica tion of

the A ssoc iatio n of

Licen sed Arch itect s

What’s Inside: • Designing for "Visitability" • Do It Yourself Mechanics Liens Not a Good Idea • Restoration/Renovation Projects • Continuing Education: EPA Lead-Based Paint Rules

The Art of Plastering Class that Lasts!

It’s a fact! No wall finish provides better fire protection, sound control or design flexibility than plaster. Chicago Plastering Institute 5611 West 120th Street Alsip, IL 60803 708-371-3100 Fax 708-371-8290



Today’s plaster walls may be made with conventional plaster and lath, or a faster and more cost-efficient veneer plaster system. Either way, plaster’s tougher surface means that it stands up to abuse better than any other interior finish. And only plaster can offer detailed ornamental treatments, and mouldings that look better, install faster and actually cost less than wood alternatives. For more information about plaster systems and the best professionals to apply them, call us.


Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring 2013

Photo: Randy Colwell, Colwell Captures


Gillioz Theater Springfield, Missouri

Firm: Butler, Rosenbury & Partners The Gillioz Theater went dark in 1979 and was vacant for almost 20 years. According to project architect Tim Rosenbury, "The challenge of this 1926 movie palace, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was to restore it to its original grandeur, while transforming it to a modern, versatile entertainment venue." A forensic color study was completed for authenticity in the plaster and decorative painting ornamentation in order to make this transformation successful. New HVAC, theatrical lighting and acoustical systems were carefully integrated into the restored original décor. The original theater seats were rehabilitated and updated to be re-used.


Do It Yourself Mechanics Liens Not a Good Idea Review a case study of the dangers posed when trying to perfect a mechanics lien claim without the assistance of an attorney. By Shawn E. Goodman, Sabo & Zahn, LLC


Red Flags How do you know if something might reasonably develop into a claim? This article will provide you with some of the "red flags". By Robert Stanton, Willis A&E


Ask Kelly ..... Your Code Questions Answered Code expert Kelly Reynolds answers frequently asked Code questions on Fire Safety. By Kelly P. Reynolds, ALA Code Consultant


Designing for ‘Visitability’ - Type C Dwelling Units in the 2009 ICC A1171.1 Learn about the features and benefits of designing a visitable home. By Kimberly Paarlberg, RA, Staff Architect, ICC


Reed Economic Outlook Reed Construction Data provides a forecast for the construction industry. By Bernard Markstein, Ph.D., U.S. Chief Economist, Reed Construction Data


Incentives for Architects; Money for Clients Tax incentives are available to you the designer and to the owner. Learn what incentives exist, what projects qualify, and how to apply. By David Ely, President/CEO, Energy Design Service Systems (EDSS)

32 Creating an Alternative for Performance Concrete Catch up on the latest trends and techniques in the world of concrete. By Jack Gibbons and Mark F. Chrzanowski, P.E.


Continuing Education Article: EPA Lead-Based Paint Rule - New Challenges for Renovations Earn 1.0 LU in Health, Safety and Welfare while learning about the EPA rules and OSHA regulations on lead paint abatement. By Jeffrey C. Camplin, MS, CSP of Camplin Environmental Services


ALA 2012 Design Awards Banquet Enjoy a recap of the 2012 ALA Design Awards Banquet. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 1 • SPRING 2013



OUR REGULAR FEATURES 41 2012 ALA Design Awards Banquet

ALA, Inc.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS Jeffrey N. Budgell, FALA - President James K. Zahn, Esq., FALA, Vice President Mark Van Spann, FALA - Secretary Patrick C. Harris, FALA - Treasurer Joanne Sullivan, Executive Director Steven H. Pate, FALA Past President

DIRECTORS: James J. Belli, FALA Judith Brill, ALA David Dial, ALA Doug Gallus, FALA Rick Gilmore, FALA Tom Harkins (Affiliate) Kurt Hezner, FALA Darrel LeBarron, ALA Pat Manley, ALA Jeff Whyte, ALA

EDITORS Lisa Brooks Jeffrey N. Budgell, FALA Robert Davidson, FALA Patrick C. Harris, FALA Steven H. Pate, FALA


13 ADA Advice 6 ALA New Members 46 Chapter News 12 Code Corner 35 Continuing Education Article 29 Contributed Article 10 Insurance Info 7 Legal Issues

GRAPHIC DESIGN/MAGAZINE Midwest Type and Imaging ALA, Inc. serves the architectural profession. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form without the express written consent of the publisher. Published in the U.S.A.,© 2013 by ALA, Inc. All rights reserved. Opinions expressed in articles are not necessarily those of ALA, Inc. Any reference to a product or service is not to be construed as an endorsement of same. Advertising published in Licensed Architect does not constitute nor imply an endorsement or recommendation of the advertiser’s products by ALA, Inc., or any of its members. ALA reserves the right to review all advertising for acceptability. For advertising, or membership information, call or write Joanne Sullivan at: ALA, One East Northwest Highway, Suite 200, Palatine, IL 60067 Phone: (847) 382-0630; Fax: (847) 382-8380; E-mail: ALA@alatoday.org

27 Membership 32 New Trends in Materials - Concrete 26 Reed Economic Review - Advertisers Thank you to our Advertisers. They make this magazine possible. CertainTeed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Chicago Plastering Institute . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Chicagoland Roofing Council . . . . . . . . 25 Heley Duncan & Melander, PLLP . . . . . . 46 Crivello, Carlson, S.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Kelly P. Reynolds & Associates, Inc. . . . . 40

If you have an address correction, wish to submit news items, press releases, or an article, contact:

Web Site: www.alatoday.org


Marvin Windows and Doors. . . . . . . . . . . 5 Moshe Calamaro and Associates . . . . . . 40 SABO & ZAHN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Tee Jay Service Company . . . . . . . . . . . 14 The Hill Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


Joanne Sullivan One East Northwest Highway, Suite 200, Palatine, IL 60067 Phone: (847) 382-0630 • Fax: (847) 382-8380 E-mail: ALA@alatoday.org




President’s Letter - Spring 2013 As you receive this issue of Licensed Architect we will be almost through the first quarter of 2013. It is amazing how fast the time ticks by. Already this year we have had some fascinating seminars on topics like Marketing, Lead Paint Abatement and Defensive Writing, ………..and a hands on seminar on masonry at the International Masonry Institute. We have started our series of Lunch and Learns at the ALA office and they have been very well received by our Members and Affiliates. Watch you’re inbox for the next one and sign up early because there are only a limited number of seats available. Call the office if you are an Affiliate member and want to reserve a time to give a Lunch and Learn! If you have a topic you would like to see a seminar on, call or email the office and let us know.

Reed Construction - be sure to check these out. Also, there is a continuing education article on EPA Rules for Lead Paint that qualifies for 1.0 LU in HSW. Before you know it, our 15th Annual Conference and Product Show will be here (October 22, 2013 at Drury Lane). It is not too early to register as an exhibitor to get your preferred booth location! Or to be a sponsor of the show, just contact the ALA office. (Show information is on page 34.) There are many opportunities for our Affiliate members to get involved in the ALA to market their products and services and I would remind all of our members to support our Affiliate Members whenever possible! Have a great second quarter 2013!

This issue of Licensed Architect features Renovation / Restoration Projects by three firms in Illinois and Missouri. Additionally, all the regular articles on Code, Legal, ADA and Insurance as well as an Economic Outlook by

Jeffrey Budgell Jeffrey N. Budgell, FALA, LEED AP President

ALA Welcomes New Members - Spring 2013 Professional Members Mr. Daniel Bendixon, ALA Ms. Courtney Bowdell, ALA Mr. Larry Brandhorst, ALA Ms. Ann D'Acquisto, ALA Mr. Patrick Danaher, ALA Mr. Frederick Fosnot, ALA Mr. Frederick Goglia, ALA Mr. Chad Hanson, ALA Mr. Christopher Lauriate, ALA Mr. Lawrence Levinson, ALA Mrs. Monica MacDonald, ALA Mr. Michael Maguire, ALA Ms. Sharon Myers, ALA Mr. John Peacock, ALA Mr. Antonio Pena, ALA Mr. Thomas Pins, ALA Ms. Cynthia Roubik, ALA Mr. James Sisson, ALA Mr. Gary Stoltz, ALA


Antioch, IL Rosemont, IL Jefferson City, MO Wauwatosa, WI Chicago, IL Lombard, IL St. Louis, MO Murphysboro, IL Wheaton, IL Houston, TX Schiller Park, IL Lombard, IL Reynoldsburg, OH Lincolnshire, IL Chicago, IL Glenview, IL Chicago, IL Hartland, WI Chicago, IL


Mr. Larry Wachtveitl, ALA Mr. Fred Yonke, ALA

Peoria, IL Bourbonnais, IL

Senior Members Mr. Paul Cameron, ALA Mr. Henry Isaksen, ALA Mr. Roger Potratz, ALA Mr. William Schulke, ALA Mr. David Snapp, ALA

Saint Louis, MO Sturgeon Bay, WI Michigan City, IN Dayton, OH Indianapolis, IN

Associate Members Mr. Erik Johnson Ms. Ann Kuntz Ms. Natalie Swartz Mr. Eric Winter

Minneapolis , MN Minneapolis, MN Auburn Hills, MI Minneapolis , MN

Student Members Mr. Marcos Nuñez Affiliate Members Ms. Terry-Anne Murphy

Waukegan, IL The Vinyl Institute, Inc., VA


by Shawn E. Goodman, Sabo & Zahn, Attorneys at Law

Do-It-Yourself Mechanics Liens NOT A Good Idea case handed down last year by an Illinois appellate court demonstrates the dangers posed when a party tries to perfect its mechanics lien rights without the assistance of an attorney. Hillside Lumber, a material supplier, provided $141,000 worth of lumber and related materials for a project in DuPage County. The company claimed to still be owed $65,000 for some of what was furnished. Accordingly, it prepared and recorded a claim for mechanics lien, with the county recorder, against the subject property. Hillside Lumber apparently drafted up the mechanics lien claim on its own, without an attorney. It provided, on its face, that it had been “prepared by Ewa Kulaga.” Ewa Kulaga was the corporate president of Hillside Lumber. The text of the claim for lien itself was not insufficient. Nevertheless, the case of Nat’l City Mortgage v. Hillside Lumber, 966 N.E.2d 1076 (2d Dist. 2012), is a shining example of how important it is to dot every “i” and cross every “t” when perfecting a mechanics lien. As indicated, the problem was not the form utilized by Hillside Lumber. Instead, its lien rights were forfeited due to the failure to prove that a copy of the claim for lien had been served on the lender, in accordance with the notice requirements of the Mechanics Lien Act.1 Importantly, this was the outcome even though Hillside Lumber insisted that it had in fact served such notice. Nevertheless, the court decided that, once the plaintiff, the mortgage-foreclosing bank, asserted lack of notice, the burden shifted to Hillside Lumber to prove that notice had indeed been provided in strict compliance with the terms of the statute: Sub-contractors . . . may at any time after making his or her contract with the contractor, and shall within 90 days after the completion thereof . . . cause a written notice of his or her claim and the amount due or to become due thereunder, to be sent by registered or certified mail, with return receipt requested, and delivery limited to the addressee only, to or personally served on the owner of record or his agent or architect, or the superintendent having charge of the building or improvement and to the lending agency, if known . . . . For purposes of this Section, notice by registered or certified mail is considered served at the time of its mailing.2

Hence, any subcontractor, including but not limited to material suppliers, that does not have a direct contract with the project owner, must serve within ninety days of the last date of work, a subcontractor’s notice and claim for lien. This notice must either be sent by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, or, in the alternative, must be personally served on the owner or the owner’s agent or architect, and also the lender. The bank filed an affidavit in support of summary judgment swearing that it had received no notice of Hillside Lumber’s claim for lien. Hillside Lumber signed an affidavit, entirely contrarily swearing under oath that it sent the notice to the bank’s offices in Ohio via certified mail, in accordance with the statute. Ordinarily, when two parties swear to contradictory facts, summary judgment is denied, and the case is held over for trial. Here, however, the court was not impressed with Hillside Lumber’s counter-affidavit, and took up and decided, as a matter of law, the notice issue. When a piece is certified-mailed, two items are generated. One is a small, white, certified mail receipt, with tracking number. The other is a small, green postcard which gets mailed back to the sender showing the date of service and bearing the signature of the receiving party. Either can be easily lost or misplaced. Regardless, because Hillside Lumber could produce neither the white receipt nor the green card, its mechanics lien rights were irretrievably lost, as was the $65,000 it may have been owed.3 Essentially, the law in Illinois now is that only this documentary evidence will suffice in order to prove compliance with the notice requirements of the Mechanics Lien Act. In other types of cases in which documents are lost, a sworn affidavit will oftentimes be allowed as proof in lieu of the lost documents. When it comes to mechanics liens in Illinois though, at least insofar as notice is concerned, there is no substitute for the actual, written documents, at least not when the allegedly receiving party denies receipt. This is the law even though the Mechanics Lien Act, on its face, indicates that notice is considered served upon mailing, and even though one of the cases cited in the Hillside Lumber opinion, People ex rel. Devine v. $30,700.00 United States Currency et al., 766 N.E.2d 1084 (2002), seems to stand for the proposition that statutory provisions which make notice effective on mailing are enforceable. Again, the standard of proof appears (continued on page 8)



LEGALISSUES (continued from page 7)

to be heightened when it comes to mechanics liens. There is probably no way of knowing for certain how many mechanics lien claims are recorded pro se, i.e., in the absence of an attorney. Some have estimated that the percentage may be extremely high. Obviously this is being done as a cost-saving measure, likely by those who think that the task of filing a lien claim is simple, requiring little time and effort and not much more than filling in the blanks on a form. There certainly is no shortage of “do-it-yourself” mechanics lien forms which can be purchased for twenty dollars or less. Obviously, that is a lot cheaper than hiring a lawyer. Thus, the temptation to “go it” without legal assistance is strong. However, the correct preparation of a notice or a claim for mechanics lien for recording is not as easy as it might seem. While filling in the blanks of a form does not necessarily require hard-hitting legal analysis, properly preparing the necessary documents is also not necessarily easy, can require some investment of time, an must comply with the provisions of the applicable mechanics lien statute which tend to be hypertechnical. By way of example only, a mechanics lien claim must correctly identify the property being liened. A street address is not sufficient. A correct legal description must be determined and set forth. Even if the form is accurately completed, it still will need to be filed or, at a minimum, delivered to the appropriate parties, in the appropriate way. All of these requirements are laid out by the governing statute, but for one who is not an attorney and not accustomed to reading and interpreting statutes, such is not so easily accomplished. Usually, but not always, claims for lien need to be filed somewhere, most commonly with the county, e.g., with the county recorder. Usually, but not always, notices of lien do not need to be recorded. After the claim for lien is recorded, it oftentimes must be served on interested parties, which could include the general contractor, the lender and/or the property owner. The same obviously holds true with regards to the preliminary notice. Either or both will most definitely have to be served in a certain, specific way, maybe by mail, maybe by restricted delivery, maybe by a courier such as FedEx, maybe by a sheriff or special process server. In any event, getting the service right, and on the right parties is absolutely critical to enforcing lien rights. Finally, just as was the case in Hillside Lumber, the type of proof can be critical as well. Lien laws are very, very strictly construed.4 Therefore, courts tend to treat liens as invalid if either the claim itself or the notice thereof includes a defect, even if that defect otherwise would seem to be of minor importance. Trying to perfect a mechanics lien on one’s own is a risky venture. One step removed from that is hiring a service which itself does not employ an attorney. The operations of one such service in Chicago are directed not by a lawyer, but rather by a convicted felon. That particular corporation is hardly the only such firm known to offer to do, and be

compensated for, the work involved in perfecting mechanics liens without the benefit of an attorney. In Hermitage Corp. et al. v. Contractors Adjustment Co., 651 N.E.2d 1132 (1995), the plaintiffs filed a complaint accusing the defendants, Contractors Adjustment Company and its principal, George Strickland, another non-attorney, of negligence, negligent and unauthorized practice of law, consumer fraud and breach of warranty, respectively, all arising out of the defendants’ preparation of a mechanics lien. Specifically, the plaintiffs, a plumbing contractor and its principal shareholder, did some work on a condominium building. They hired the defendants to draft and record a mechanics lien on the plaintiffs’ behalf. This was done. However, while the plaintiffs claimed to be owed some $93,427.18, the court hearing the mechanics lien foreclosure case reduced the amount of the lien to a mere $17,332.00. The plaintiffs alleged that this happened due to the defendants’ improper lien preparation, in particular their failure to allocate the lien amount amongst the individual condominium units as required by the Mechanics Lien Act. It should be noted that it appears from the circuit court records that summary judgment eventually was entered against the plaintiffs. Thus, they ultimately were not successful in holding Contractors Adjustment Company and Mr. Strickland liable. It should further be noted that Contractors Adjustment Company continues to operate today, although it now has a corporate officer who is also an attorney. Mechanics liens can be tricky. Before deciding to save a few bucks either by “going it alone” or hiring a so-called “lien service” not run by an attorney, careful consideration should be given to how much that decision could wind up costing in the end. In the case of Hillside Lumber, the answer was $65,000, or tens of thousands more than what it would have cost to have legal counsel do it right in the first place.

“Hence, any subcontractor, including but not limited to material suppliers, that does not have a direct contract with the project owner, must serve within ninety days of the last date of work, a subcontractor’s notice and claim for lien.”




770 ILCS 60/0.01 - 60/39


770 ILCS 60/24.


Hillside Lumber also had no copy of the envelope enclosing the notice which it claimed to have sent.


“Mechanic’s liens are purely statutory, in derogation of the common law, and must be strictly construed.” Midwest Envtal. Consulting & Remediation Servs. v. Peoples Bank of Bloomington, 620 N.E.2d 469, 472 (4 Dist. 1993) (emphasis added).

Shawn E. Goodman • SABO & ZAHN, LLC 401 North Michigan Ave. • Suite 2050 • Chicago, Illinois 60611 (312) 655-8620 • Fax: (312) 655-8622 Website: www.sabozahn.com • Email: sgoodman@sabozahn.com


Red Flags by Robert Stanton, Willis A&E

When doing risk management classes, the same question seems to come up all the time where there is a discussion of circumstance reporting under your Professional Liability Policy. That question is "How do I know something might reasonably develop into a claim?". ell, there is no pat answer for that one. Like designing a project, each situation is unique in and of itself. However, there are certain "red flags" for which you must watch. Let’s talk about them. But remember one thing…this is not intended to be an all-inclusive list. Should you run into a situation which gives you pause, please contact your insurance professional for guidance. Taking pause you ask, "But why do I have to know these things?" There are two main reasons: 1) insurance reporting requirements, and 2) protecting yourself. Your Professional Liability Policy is a Claims-Made/Claims Reported policy. This means that the claim must be made against you within the policy period, and reported within the policy period or within the additional reporting tail listed on the policy, usually sixty (60) days. If you do not report within those time periods, a claim may be denied by your professional liability carrier. One thing you must remember, the premium dollars potentially saved in not reporting a claim is nothing compared to the havoc which can be wreaked by being faced with a denial letter from a carrier when you are faced with a small claim that has blown up for any number of reasons. If you understand these warning signs, you may be able to report to your carrier, but also focus more narrowly on properly documenting the situation so as to create defenses for your firm moving forward. Remember, we aren’t talking about claims, but warning signs that a claim may be coming. All this being said, let’s look at the warning signs. Client Selection: You may have a claim coming if you don’t diligently research your client’s background. I once handled a claim for a design firm who had been retained by a state university to design a building on campus. Had the designer checked, they would have found out that the university was responsible for twenty percent (20%) of the construction, but

eighty percent (80%) of the construction-based litigation for the entire state university system. There isn’t enough work around nowadays for you to reject a client; however, this type of information does tell you that when performing the work, taking care to keep good documents and communicate frequently with the client are keys to avoiding problems. I once handled a claim where the client school district’s representative was the music teacher because everyone else was going on vacation. The teacher agreed to every change, not knowing any better. When the project was completed, a claim was presented based on the fact the designer and the contractor conspired to take advantage of the school district’s representative. Contract Negotiation: In general, contracts are getting more brutal as time goes on. Remember, in most instances the preparer of the contract for the client is probably a junior associate at a law firm who is attempting to make the most iron-clad document with his or her client being responsible for nothing. They don’t look at the business end of the bargain, only the legal transfers. The contract negotiation stage is an opportunity to education your client on your role and duties on the project. It can be a time to really nail down the client’s expectations and come to an understanding. However, if the client insists on an incredibly onerous contract, you can assume a claim will be presented at some point during the project. In these instances, proper communication and documentation of your files will be key to minimizing your exposure. There has only been one circumstance where I have recommended to a client that they not take on a client. In that situation the client told us on the phone, "I want to be in a position that if you make a mistake, I can drive you out of business." Yeah, that one just isn’t a keeper. Buzz Words: When attending project meetings or reading correspondences, there are certain words you should be looking (Continued on page 33)




"ASK KELLY"... Your Code Questions Answered by Kelly P. Reynolds, ALA Code Consultant

Here is a compilation of code questions I have received from ALA members. This covers the discipline of FIRE SAFETY. ■ QUESTION? "NFPA No. 13 - A. permits a limited amount of combustibles in a fire sprinklered building without protection. What would you define as a limited amount of combustibles?"

■ QUESTION? "In a building with required fire alarm system, are audio/visual devices (horns, strobes, etc.) also required in the restrooms?"

ANSWER: The code does not quantify the "amount of limited combustibles" that is allowed. The "rule of thumb" is will the fire propagate? A single piece of wood in a horizontal orientation is difficult to ignite. Just think of trying to ignite a single piece of wood for a camp fire. As such, fire sprinklered protection would not be required in this condition.

ANSWER: Yes, they are required so persons using these facilities can be alerted when an alarm is sounded.

■ QUESTION? "What specific applications in the 2012 IBC require smoke and draft assemblies be installed?"

ANSWER: Definitely Not! The code official is to "witness" the test or be supplied with proper documentation that it passed testing, NOT PERFORM THE TEST. If the code official touches the equipment, he could be held liable should the systems malfunction at a future date.

ANSWER: The requirement for doors to meet the requirements for both smoke and draft control door assembly testing under UL 1784 include: smoke partitions (710.5.2.2), enclosed elevator lobbies 713.14.1 - ex 3), corridors and smoke barriers (716.5.3.1.), fire service access elevator lobbies (3007.7.7.3) and occupant evacuation elevator lobbies (3008.7.3) ■ QUESTION? "When the IBC requires smoke detectors and refers to NFPA No. 72 (Smoke Detector Standard), which applies when there are conflicts?" ANSWER: Sections 102.4.1 and 102.4.2 of the IBC states that when there is conflict between the code and a reference standard, the code applies. No longer does the old adage "the most restrictive requirements are to be used" apply. ■ QUESTION? "What is the difference between shelf storage, rack storage and back-to-back shelf storage?" ANSWER: Shelf storage is defined as being up to and including 30in. deep and separated by aisles at least 30-in. wide. Rack storage in structures that exceed these dimensions and descriptions are generally considered to be on racks. Back-To-Back Shelf Storage is defined as two solid or perforated shelves up to 30-in. in depth each, not to exceed a total depth of 60-in, separated by a longitudinal vertical barrier such as plywood, particle board, sheet metal or equivalent, with a maximum of 1/4-in. diameter penetrations and no longitudinal flue spaces and a maximum storage height of 15 ft. ■ QUESTION? "In a NFPA No. 13-R fire sprinkler system in a dwelling unit bathroom, are sprinklers required if the cabinetry and fixtures are of combustible (wood) materials?" ANSWER: No, sprinklers are not required in the bathroom under this condition. There is a very low percentage of fires and fire deaths originating in bathrooms. However, if the bathroom is extremely large, then fire sprinklers would be required. What is "extremely large"? The code does not define.



■ QUESTION? "The codes require fire protection and alarm systems to be tested periodically. Is it the code official’s responsibility to test them?"

■ QUESTION? "Is AFCI protection required in hotel guest rooms?" ANSWER: NO. AFCI protection is only required for 15A or 20A, 120V branch circuits in dwelling units that supply outlets in family rooms, dining rooms, living rooms, parlors, dens, bedrooms, sunrooms, recreation rooms, closets, hallways or similar room (NFPA No. 70 (NEC) - 210.12(A). A guest room or guest suite, as defined in Article 100 of the NEC in not a dwelling unit and AFCI protection is not required. However, guest rooms or guest suites containing permanent provisions for cooking are considered dwelling units as defined in Art. 100, therefore ACFI protraction would be required in those type of occupancies. ■ QUESTION? "Is alarm notification required for a kitchen range hood extinguishing system in a building with fire sprinklers throughout?" ANSWER: Yes ... It must be connected to the monitoring alarm system that notifies the alarm co. or fire dept. ■ QUESTION? "We have been asked to develop an emergency evacuation plan. However, the code does not give specific guidelines. What is your recommendation?" ANSWER: There is no fire or building code standard that establishes criteria for building evacuation diagrams, what they must contain, where they are located, what language(s) they must use, or any other element of the many that go into creating a plan. Code officials are advised to develop their own policies that address these requirements (Section 405 of the 2009 IFC).

Kelly Reynolds will be in your area this April for a live presentation on Codes and Standards. More information and registration for this 4-hour program can be found on page 45 of this issue.


– Designing for ‘Visitability’ – Type C Dwelling Units in the 2009 ICC A117.1 by Kimberly Paarlberg, RA, Staff Architect ICC

aking it easier for a person to grow old in their own home or accommodate visitors with special needs is a trend in both community and health care services. The concept of "visitability" is a path for homeowners to be able to function independently and effectively for a lifetime. A little forethought in design can mean the difference between being able to live and function in your own home versus a major remodeling job or moving to an assisted- living facility or nursing home. Many existing homes have steps at all entrances, narrow doorways (especially at bathrooms) and do not have even a half-bath on the first level. Without these features, it may not be feasible to stay in your own home while recovering from a temporary injury or other physical setback. Furthermore, these same barriers make it difficult or impossible for people to accommodate visits from friends or relatives who use mobility aids such as wheelchairs, scooters or walkers. To address these concerns, advocates for community accessibility have been promoting ‘visitable’ designs for homes and communities. This style of design integrates a few core accessibility features as a basic construction practice in new single-family detached homes and townhouses.

Type C unit features A visitable home is built to include the following: • A route from either the public sidewalk, driveway or garage to an entry; • An entry without steps (the entry can be the front door, through the garage or off the back deck or porch); • Doorways wide enough to accommodate most mobility devices (typically a minimum of a 2’-10" door);

• A living space on the entry level; • A route throughout the entry level useable by a person in a wheelchair or scooter; • At least a toilet and lavatory on the entry level; • Access to the kitchen if one is provided on the entry level; • Outlets and switches at a reachable height. Visitable homes can have second floors and basements, or even split levels, that are not accessible. The intent is that someone can get into the home and function with at least minimal accommodations. If a goal is that a resident remain in the home for a long term mobility impairment occurs, two additional basics are necessary (and would exceed the current Type C requirements): a full bathroom on the main floor, and a bedroom or space that could be converted to a bedroom.

Types of housing This article is not addressing the types of housing already required to have some level of accessibility by building codes and federal laws, such as assisted living, nursing homes, group homes, dormitories and apartments. ‘Visitable’ units are needed in those types of housing that are not required to be accessible. Types of homes either not addressed or exempted from accessibility are typically single-family detached, duplexes, triplexes and multi-story townhouses. Voluntary and mandatory visitability initiatives have led to the construction of homes with basic access features. Almost everyone during his or her lifetime will have periods where they or members of their family are temporarily not ablebodied. The basic features of visitability are inexpensive when (continued on page 14)



ADAADVICE (continued from page 13)

incorporated during construction. Having ‘visitable’ homes is a boon to individuals, families and communities. The 2009 edition of ICC A117.1 Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities, established the technical criteria for ‘visitable’ units under Section 1005 as Type C units. The intent is that Type C units would be required when a community adopts a ‘visitability’ ordinance. Each community can take into consideration local constraints and issues. Communities can be flexible in enforcing a ‘visitability’ ordinance in order to accommodate site constraints, such as a very steep site, or a site within a flood area resulting in elevation requirements for the living space. Some communities have offered tax incentives, while others have encouraged compliance through consumer awareness campaigns or certification programs. Here are some examples of how communities have balanced requirements:

Benefits If a family is working with a person with severe mobility impairments for a long period of time, they may want to look at a higher level of accessibility in the home. However, a ‘visitable’ home has a variety of benefits when dealing with life’s emergencies. For example: • Non-disabled persons are attracted to homes that allow for visits from guests and family with a variety of mobility impairments. • A family can better accommodate someone with a temporary disability, such as a broken leg, surgery, etc.

“Visitable homes can have second floors and basements, or even split levels, that are not accessible.”

• The fastest-growing population in the United States is the group over age 65 – thus increasing the salability of ‘visitable’ homes to a group more conscious of that need.

Community 1: The community defines a ‘development’ based on either size or number of units being built. A percentage of the units must meet ‘visitable’ requirements. The developer indicates which units will meet this criteria. This allows flexibility for the developer but increases the ‘visitable’ units available in the community.

• As a person ages-in-place, they are more likely to be able to remain in their home rather than requiring renovations or moving to another house or nursing home. Given the cost of nursing home care, staying at home, even with in-home care, is a strong desire for most individuals and a financial benefit to individuals, families and society.

Community 2: The community has set a maximum density for a development. If the developer includes Type C units in the ground level of the units, they are permitted to increase the density, or number of units on the total site.

• Installing these minimal features during construction is considerably more cost-effective than retrofits, thus saving home owners money in the long run as they need modifications.

Community 3: The community is planning a new public rail system. Units provided near the stations will be able to sell or rent for higher prices. Therefore, property within a certain distance of the new stations will be required to have ‘visitable’ units.

• Any resident finds it easier to bring in baby strollers, groceries, or furniture.

Community 4: The community is establishing a walkable town center to encourage retiree’s to move into the area. Developments near town centers are required to have ‘visitable’ units as part of that city plan.

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Conclusion Visitability is not a new idea. Eleanor Smith started an organization called Concrete Change, which talked about "Basic Home Access" in 1986. The goal is not more homes for persons with disabilities, but rather a change in standard home building practices to allow flexibility. Not all communities use the term ‘visitability’ in their efforts, so it is difficult to track the adoption of such ordinances across the country. However, in the United States, successful visitability legislation has been passed in many localities, including Atlanta, Georgia; Chicago, Illinois; Naperville, Illinois; Albuquerque, New Mexico; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Toledo, Ohio; and San Antonio, Texas, to name a few. There are also numerous efforts in process to establish ‘visitability’ programs in other states, counties and cities across the country. In addition, large organizations, such as AARP and the National Association for Home Builders, are encouraging this idea through their own initiatives, under such names as "Inclusive Design" and "Homes for Life." Type C dwelling units can be scoped through adoption ordinances at the community, county or state level. Help your community to open its doors and make everyone feel welcome!

Introduction to

Featured Architects pages 16-18, 19-21, 22-24

Featured Architect

Altus: Latin; high and old AltusWorks is a technically oriented architectural design firm specializing in the evaluation, rehabilitation, and expansion of existing and historic structures. Since our inception in 2003, we have built a practice around supporting owners and other design professionals in addressing the challenges of modernizing buildings that are locked in the era of their construction. Our focused expertise applies to and has afforded us the opportunity to work on a wide variety of building typologies ranging from public and private schools, universities, and hospitals, to offices, retail, fitness facilities, restaurants, theaters, museums, and multi-family apartments and condominiums. Led by Ellen Stoner, AltusWorks’ project approach is grounded in sound building technology, sustainability, and historic preservation philosophy. Through the firm’s thorough understanding of historic and new building materials, technologies and systems, AltusWorks excels at interpreting and applying preservation methodology to meet the needs of the user within the constraints of the project parameters. We are recognized by our clients and peers for our ability to balance the demands of good design and preservation objectives resulting in holistic renovation scope, innovative condition resolution, and comprehensive design solutions that seamlessly integrate the new and old. To us, buildings are more than bricks, stone or wood. Buildings are dynamic pieces of their environment. When respected and cared for, buildings strengthen community and improve the quality of life for those they serve.

Evanston History Center Evanston, Illinois Since 2010 AltusWorks has served as the Preservation Architect for the Evanston History Center. We have been entrusted with the restoration planning and design for the 1894 Charles Gates Dawes Mansion and Coach House, a National Historic Landmark. Based on the Center’s priority to improve leasing marketability and repair the most critical conditions, a preliminary masonry restoration and raised terrace improvement project was embarked upon in 2011. The heightened awareness of the facility needs motivated the Board to forge ahead on the design of a geothermal heating and cooling system, envelope energy efficiency improvements, and additional masonry restoration. Once executed, these improvements will meet the restoration program’s objectives.

Photo: Anthony May Photography



Featured Architect

UIMCC Façade Evaluation Chicago, Illinois AltusWorks prepared a comprehensive building enclosure system assessment of this 1979 Bertram Goldberg/A. Epstein building as part of the multi-disciplinary design team under the direction of VOA Associates for the Infrastructure Modernization and Renovations Project at the University of Illinois Medical Center Chicago (UIMCC). The resulting report provided UIMCC with a thorough understanding of the building enclosure conditions, how the systems are behaving in the environment, and how to execute a $26.0M prioritized rehabilitation of the building’s envelope over the next ten years.

Photo: Anthony May Photography

Schubert Elementary School Chicago, Illinois AltusWorks is considered one of Chicago Public Schools ‘elite’ architects, charged with complex, time-sensitive renovation of their aging facilities. This historically significant elementary school underwent a Major Capital Renovation, stabilizing and improving the building envelope systems, creating greater accessibility to programs and services, enhancing emergency and infrastructure systems, as well as repairing and beautifying the historic auditorium, instruction spaces, and site features. AltusWorks is proud to be an integral part of improving learning environments for faculty, staff and students across the City of Chicago. Photo: AltusWorks

Harper Theater and Herald Building Chicago, Illinois AltusWorks played a crucial role as the Masonry Restoration Consultant on the multi-disciplinary design team led by OKW Architects for the adaptive reuse of the historic Harper Theater and Herald Building. The 1912 theater and commercial building complex, designed by architect HR Wilson, are listed as contributing structures in the Hyde Park Kenwood Historic District and are Orange Rated in the City of Chicago Historic Resources Survey. Rehabilitation of this complex is a critical component for the overall success of the 53rd street corridor redevelopment undertaken by the University of Chicago in Hyde Park. AltusWorks developed a comprehensive masonry restoration program for the decorative terra cotta and brick facades implementing our technical expertise in historic construction techniques, material conservation, and building envelope systems.

Photo: Anthony May Photography



Featured Architect

The Gage Building Storefront Chicago, Illinois AltusWorks won the highly competitive design contract to renovate the Louis Sullivan storefront at the Gage Building, located in Chicago’s Historic Michigan Boulevard District. The 1899 structure was designed by Holabird & Roche with the façade designed by the most sought after architect of the time, Louis H. Sullivan. Sullivan’s highly detailed cast iron ornamental storefront surround and glazed storefront system was removed in the 1950’s and replaced with a sleek granite and aluminum assembly. As the crowning detail in the buildings’ comprehensive rehabilitation in 2007, AltusWorks designed an abstracted, sympathetic replacement storefront surround and glazing system inspired by historic remnants, archival photos, and Sullivan’s own design concepts as outlined in A System of Architectural Ornament.

Photo: Anthony May Photography

Edgebrook Elementary School Addition Chicago, Illinois In March 2009, at the recommendation of Chicago Public Schools, the Public Building Commission of Chicago awarded AltusWorks an Architect of Record Term Agreement for Renovation and Additions. The first assignment was for the implementation of a non-prototypical 35,500 square foot addition to an existing neighborhood elementary school, doubling its size. The LEED Silver addition includes eight classrooms, a science lab, a computer lab, offices, a dining facility, site improvements, and targeted renovation to the existing building to integrate the various building systems, finishes, and circulation. Photos: James Steinkamp Photographer



Featured Architect

Southwest Missouri seems an unlikely locale for a thriving preservation practice. Yet for approximately 20 years in Springfield, Missouri’s third largest city, has developed a reputation as a go-to architect for preservation, adaptive re-use, urban design and reconstruction projects. With a handful of award-winning preservation projects under its belt, this practice within the firm was initiated by Tim Rosenbury. Rosenbury began his architecture career in Memphis, Tennessee in the early 1980s where he worked at two firms which were deeply engaged in preservation and adaptive re-use. He relocated to Springfield in 1984, where, he says, "Downtown was re-emerging, and I recognized that preservation could help lead the way." Then, in 1998, Missouri passed one of the most preservation-friendly tax credit programs in the United States, leading to a boom in preservation work in over the past 15 years. Over that same time, BR&P attracted other architects who share Rosenbury’s passion for preservation. Licensed architects Chris Swan and Daniel Hancock are frequent leaders and collaborators on these preservation and adaptive re-use projects which include lofts, mixed-used office and retail space, government offices, churches, and an historic farm. "For our work, one of the greatest compliments can be something like, ‘What a great building! What did you do?’ If they have to ask, then we did our job well," Rosenbury says.

Springfield-Greene County Health Department Springfield, Missouri BR&P performed a feasibility study, which included structural and environmental analyses and master planning, to determine whether and how to reuse an abandoned 1915 Romanesque Revival church located within the City-County governmental complex. The study matched available space to the needs of the Health Department, Environmental Services Division. The design and adaptive re-use included significant interior renovations, a discrete addition, environmental remediation and encapsulation, and exterior preservation, all in accordance with the Secretary of Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation of Historic Properties. "Most impressive was the restoration of the stained glass windows," according to BR&P project architect Christopher Swan.

Team Credits Owner: City of Springfield, Missouri MEP Engineer: Malone Finkle Eckhardt & Collins, Inc. Springfield, Missouri Construction Manager: Friga Construction Company, Inc. Springfield, Missouri

Photos (Before): Butler, Rosenbury & Partners

Photos (After): Gayle Babcock Architectural Imageworks, LLC Springfield, Missouri



Featured Architect

Interstate Grocer Building Joplin, Missouri An historic Joplin landmark on the National Register of Historic Places, this building was originally a grocery warehouse. Unique building features include terra cotta decorative trim, decorative concrete columns, large steel windows, a structure housing an old water tower, and transom glass designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. Exterior restoration and reconstruction was completed per the Secretary of Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation. All floors were converted into modern office and retail space, and designed for LEED® Certification. New elevators, heating and air systems, electrical and plumbing distribution, a fire protection system, a fire stair, and public lobbies modernize the building.

Photos (Before): Butler, Rosenbury & Partners

Team Credits Owner: Michael Joseph, MD Joplin, MO Developers: Toby Teeter Paul Whitehill Historic Preservation: Sally Schwenk Associates, Inc. Kansas City, Missouri Civil Engineer: Civen, Inc. Joplin, Missouri MEP Engineer: Larson Binkley, Inc. Kansas City, Missouri Construction Manager: Four State Homes Neal Group Construction (Initial Contractor)

Photos (After): Randy Colwell, Colwell Captures, Springfield, Missouri



Featured Architect

Photo (After-Theater): Randy Colwell, Colwell Captures, Springfield, Missouri

Photos (Before): Butler, Rosenbury & Partners

Gillioz Theater Springfield, Missouri The Gillioz Theater went dark in 1979 and was vacant for almost 20 years. According to project architect Tim Rosenbury, "The challenge of this 1926 movie palace, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was to restore it to its original grandeur, while transforming it to a modern, versatile entertainment venue." A forensic color study was completed for authenticity in the plaster and decorative painting ornamentation in order to make this transformation successful. New HVAC, theatrical lighting and acoustical systems were carefully integrated into the restored original décor. The original theater seats were rehabilitated and updated to be re-used.

Team Credits Owner: Springfield Landmarks Preservation Trust Springfield, Missouri Color Analysis and Documentation, Plaster Restoration and Decorative Painting Conrad Schmitt Studios New Berlin, Wisconsin Theater & Acoustics Peerbolte Creative, LLC Warrensburg, Missouri

Photo (After-Lobby): Gayle Babcock, Architectural Imageworks, LLC Springfield, Missouri

MEP Engineer Smith-Goth Engineers, Inc. Springfield, Missouri Construction Manager DeWitt & Associates, Inc. Springfield, Missouri



Featured Architect

Kellermeyer Godfryt Hart, P.C. was established in April of 1985 to provide architectural and structural consulting services to building owners and managers, architects, developers, law firms, governmental agencies and investment associations. The primary emphasis and expertise of the firm is the evaluation, analysis and repair of the building envelopes and interiors. The Principals of KGH are dedicated to excellence in quality of work product and take pride in the fine working relationship the firm maintains with its clients. The Principals have adopted the philosophy of preserving and maintaining the quality of professional services and strive to ensure that those services are rendered to their clients on a timely and personal basis. The KGH staff has developed a broad range of expertise to best serve the needs of their clients and the unique requirements of each project. Areas of specialization include the investigation, repair and restoration of building facades; the evaluation and retrofit of roofing membranes including both conventional and innovative material systems; and the investigation, analysis and repair of distressed parking garages and other structural systems including concrete, steel, aluminum, timber, and masonry constructions. This broad range of expertise assembled within the KGH professional staff uniquely qualifies the firm to perform thorough surveys and evaluations of most architectural and structural components and systems. Based upon its extensive investigatory background, the KGH professional staff is also able to offer comprehensive condition surveys of developed properties. The Principals of KGH have inspected in excess of $1.5 billion worth of in-place structures and buildings for proposed purchase by its clients. These properties have included mid- and high-rise hotel, commercial and residential structures, commercial shopping malls and light industrial and manufacturing plants. In all instances, the project program was specifically oriented to best serve the particular requirements of the client.



Farwell Building Chicago, Illinois Historic Consultant, Hans Kiefer, R.A.


KGH was retained as the historic architectural consultant for the complete dismantlement and reconstruction of the 1927 Farwell Building. KGH worked with the developer and the City of Chicago to assess the building’s condition, plan the dismantlement and restoration. In order to preserve the building’s facade, its exterior limestone and cast-iron walls were dismantled piece by piece, catalogued and shipped to a warehouse where they were repaired then later reassembled onto a new structure. KGH specified the sampling of historic paints and the careful replication of decorative cast concrete panels, marble spandrels, windows, slate roofing, and copper flashings.

Photos: Kellermeyer Godfryt Hart, P.C.



Featured Architect

Saint Joseph Church Wilmette, Illinois

Project Manager, Michael Bonick, R.A. KGH performed an evaluation of the historic church, bell tower and porte-cochere in Wilmette, Illinois, and designed repairs to correct observed distress while incorporating modern materials and methods to improve the performance of the masonry while maintaining the historic character of the building. KGH developed an innovative dessicant-dehumidifying drying technique at the bell tower to restore the moisture-saturated masonry avoiding the full dismantlement and reconstruction of the tower. The porte cochere was dismantled and reconstructed utilizing a new meticulously detailed internal steel structure to support the existing underdesigned load bearing masonry structure without altering its outward appearance.

Photos: Kellermeyer Godfryt Hart, P.C.

Evanston High School



Evanston, Illinois Project Manager, Howard Lafin, R.A. The Main Entrance of Evanston High School is a focal point of the school and community. A two year exterior facade repair program and roof replacement of the Main Entrance Building was undertaken in 2011-12. Replacement of unsound sections of terra cotta with GRFC replicas and repairs of in-place terra cotta pieces were made to preserve the structure. Reconstruction of parapets and wall areas were also performed, including rehabilitation of embedded steel supports. The roofs were replaced with a new roofing system meeting current energy code requirements.


Photos: Kellermeyer Godfryt Hart, P.C.



Featured Architect



Hanover Condominiums Chicago, Illinois Project Manager, Howard Lafin, R.A.


The original aluminum frame windows at the Hanover Condominiums utilized an inefficient single pane glass. KGH designed and implemented a project to remove and replace all of the windows with a modern thermally-broken aluminum window system, including insulated glass and low-E coatings. The new window system for the high rise building realized the Association’s goals of providing significant improvements in thermal efficiency, increased occupant comfort, and an improvement of the facade aesthetic. KGH provided Design Development, Construction Documents, and Contract Administration services.

Photos: Kellermeyer Godfryt Hart, P.C.

Ontario Place Condominiums Chicago, Illinois Project Manager, James Erickson, R.A. KGH performed an evaluation of the 9-story post-tensioned parking structure in Chicago, Illinois, which resulted in the design and implementation of a widespread concrete restoration and improvement program. A significant number of post-tension anchors and strands were found to be deteriorated and in need of replacement. Associated repairs included the installation of a waterproofing membrane and the complete removal, refurbishing, and re-installation of the attached exterior metal facade. Photos: Kellermeyer Godfryt Hart, P.C.






Economic Update by Bernard Markstein, Ph.D., U.S. Chief Economist, Reed Construction Data

The United States economy continues to chug along despite numerous hindrances. The preliminary report for fourth quarter 2012 growth indicated an economy that had stalled. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, real (inflation-adjusted) gross domestic product (GDP) growth fell 0.1% at a seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR). This apparent stall in the economy was largely due to a plunge in defense spending and a drop in business inventories. The sharp fall in defense spending is unlikely to be repeated unless sequestration goes into effect on March 1. The decline in business inventories appears to be unintended and is likely to be reversed in coming months, adding to growth in the near term. Note that the growth figure is an advance estimate based on incomplete data and subject to revision. The GDP numbers included a 1.1% (SAAR) decrease in investment in nonresidential structures. However, this estimate was based on data released in January and did not include the more positive numbers released in early February. Expect the nonresidential structures number to be revised up in subsequent reports. The Census Bureau’s report on December construction spending included an upward revision in the October and November numbers: $8.0 billion and $11.0 billion, respectively. For 2012, total construction spending increased 9.2%. All the major components of construction spending increased in 2012. Nonresidential building construction spending was up 5.6%; heavy (civil) engineering construction spending was up 7.4% despite decreased funding from government sources; and the bottoming and rebound in housing (finally!) propelled residential construction spending 15.4% higher. The Reed Construction Data forecast is for the economy and construction spending to improve over this year and next. For 2013, Reed forecasts total construction spending to increase 8%,



with nonresidential construction spending increasing 4%, heavy engineering increasing 3%, and residential increasing 18%. For 2014, Reed forecasts total construction spending to rise 9%, with nonresidential construction spending rising 8%, heavy engineering rising 7%, and residential rising 12%. The U.S. economy and commercial construction face several risks: • Sequestration (drastic across-the-board cuts in federal spending) if there is no agreement on spending by early March • Federal debt hitting the debt ceiling (currently to occur May 18 when a temporary increase in the debt ceiling expires) • Sovereign debt default by one or more major European countries • One or more countries abandoning the euro • Significantly higher oil prices (roughly 50% a barrel or higher) for a sustained period (two months or longer)


Association of Licensed Architects

Join now and become a member of a dynamic growing organization of architects ALA (The Association of Licensed Architects) is an organization open to all architects and professions related to architecture. It represents architects registered or licensed in any state, territory or possession of the United States, and foreign countries. ALA was founded in 1999 by a group of architects who formerly served as Board Members of other Architects’ Associations. Later that year, ALA was joined by ISA (Illinois Society of Architects), the oldest independent state organization in the country, which brought valued expertise and historic significance to the Association. ALA has experienced rapid growth, continues to maintain affordable dues and publishes a professional magazine for its members. ALA’s mission is to advance the Architectural Profession through education and by supporting and improving the profession’s role in the built environment. ALA’s vision is to positively impact the Architectural Profession through the power of organization. Its purpose is to unite, educate, promote, and advance the Architectural Profession and address critical issues confronting it. ALA will support the efforts of other Associations, when combined efforts will produce benefits for all. ALA will work and speak for members of the Architectural Profession and improve communication with the community through programs offering information, education and cooperation. It proposes to advance and contribute to the health, safety and welfare of the general public and believes in stimulating and encouraging continuing education plus the advancement of the art and science of architecture.

What ALA can do for YOU!

BENEFITS FOR MEMBERS: Professional, Senior & Emeritus Members • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Professional Designation Project Referral Legislative Monitoring Continuing Education Programs at Reduced Rates Quarterly Magazine – “Licensed Architect” Hot Lines: Legal, Code, Insurance, and ADA 2011 Short Form Electronic Contracts Membership Wall Certificate Job Posting Mediation Annual Design Awards Program Student Merit Awards IDP Assistance Networking with Affiliate and Professional Members Online Member and Resource Directory Annual Conference and Product Show Logging of ALA Program Hours Volunteer Opportunities Voting Privileges

Associate, Student, Honorary & New Graduate Members Same as professional members with the exception of voting privileges, professional designation & short form electronic contracts.

Affiliate Members • Same as professional members with the exception of voting privileges and professional designation plus... • Networking with Professionals • Special Member Rates at Annual Conference and Product Show • Sponsorship Opportunities • New! Buyer’s Guide Listing in June issue of Licensed Architect

ALA’s motto is:

“Architects united to advance the Profession of Architecture”


Involvement is an Investment in your Future! Share Experiences, Write an Article, Publish Design Work, Serve on a Task Force







Collective strength provides a wellspring of knowledge



What the Association of Licensed Architects can do for YOU! ALA will provide you with:

JOIN NOW Reap the Benefits! SUPPORT your PROFESSION!

• • • • •

Information Education Research Networking Referral Service

Please complete the application below and mail with your tax deductible check made out to ALA, One East Northwest Highway, Suite 200, Palatine, IL 60067 For information call 847-382-0630 or E-mail: ALA@alatoday.org Registration is also available on-line at www.alatoday.org

2013 ALA Membership Application One East Northwest Highway, Suite 200, Palatine, IL 60067 (1) Full Name

(Please print)



(2) Current Professional Status: ■ Partner/Principal

■ Firm Architect

M.I. ■ Academic ■ Other

(3) Information for Association records (Please check ONE box for desired mailing address): ■ Office ■ Residence Firm name



City / State / Zip

City / State / Zip


E-mail Address

E-mail Address

Phone: (


Fax: (


(4) States of Licensure


License No.

(5) Project types: (6) Number of employees in firm/corporation: (7) Current Membership in other Professional Organizations: (8) Referred by: (9) ALA Membership Category Applying For: Make Check payable to ALA

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Signature of Applicant


PROFESSIONAL - Licensed architects = $150.00 SENIOR - Licensed architect 65 or over = $65.00 AFFILIATE - Industry or related professionals = $250.00 ASSOCIATE - Architecture degree/non-licensed = $65.00 STUDENT - Full time/Architecture Schools = $25.00 International Members - add $40.00 dollars for postage NEW GRADUATE - 1 year free membership with Professional degree. Please provide a copy of your diploma with this application. Date All dues may be deducted as a business expense but not as a charitable contribution.



Incentives for Architects; Money for Clients by David Ely, President/CEO, Energy Design Service Systems (EDSS)

nergy-efficient buildings generate more than just energy and maintenance savings these days. Hundreds of incentives are available across the country for buildings that switch out their T12 Fluorescent light bulbs to a more efficient T5 or T8, switch to LED site lighting, and build a new LEED® or ENERGY STAR Certified Building. These incentives are offered by Federal, State and local agencies for new construction and renovation building projects. Although most incentives are available to the owner, some incentives accrue to the designer. To better understand what you and your clients could be missing, let’s breakdown some of the important incentives you need to know:

What Incentives are out there? EPAct 179D Tax Deduction The Energy Policy Act of 2005, more commonly known as EPAct , offers a Tax Deduction under Section 179D (26 USC §179D) for energy efficient commercial buildings that exceed the ASHRAE 2001 Standards 90.1. How much? The Tax Deduction allows for up to $0.60/sq. ft. for each systemlighting, HVAC, and building envelope; providing a maximum benefit of $1.80/sq. ft. What projects qualify? This deduction applies to new construction, remodel/ renovation, expansions of existing buildings, and re-lamping. Your clients can take the federal deduction on qualified energy improvements on buildings that have been completed or will be placed in service by the end of 2013, without filing an amended tax return. Why your clients want to know about 179DNot only does this deduction offer an incentive that adds up, but it can increase your client’s return on investment. Your clients can actually apply this deduction on already completed projects, recapturing costs on past projects from open tax years since 2006 (as a standard ‘open years’ are the last 3 tax years).

Why you want to know about 179DArchitects on government-owned buildings can benefit from 179D. Eligible projects can include public schools, court-houses, airports, public libraries, prisons, etc. The government agency may allocate the tax deduction to the Designer (Architect, Engineer, or Contractor) for the taxable year in which the property was placed into service. This creates a win-win situation for you and the government entity- they qualify for other cash incentives, and can allocate you the deduction. How to applyBuilding plans must be reviewed by a certified 3rd party professional. This specialist conducts an energy model, reviewing the interior lighting systems, heating, cooling, ventilation, hot water systems, and building envelope to determine the applicable deduction per square foot.

Cost Segregation Cost Segregation Study reclassifies components of a commercial building, reducing income tax liability. Reclassifying real property to personal property allows assets to be depreciated on a new 5-, 7-, or 15- year class life instead of traditional 39- year class life. Although the use of cost segregation has been common in industry, many commercial property owners have yet to take advantage of this tax avoidance strategy. What projects qualify? Excellent candidates for a Cost Segregation Study are business owners who have purchased, constructed, or renovated a building on or after 1989, plan on retaining the property for at least the next few years, a net income that is currently taxed, spent at least $800,000 for the building. Property types can include manufacturing, hotels, apartments, restaurants, office buildings, hospitals, retail, grocery stores, nursing home/assisted living auto dealership, and mini storage facilities. Why your clients want to know about Cost SegregationWith a shorter recovery period on new construction, existing buildings, new purchases and renovations, building owners can achieve significant tax savings and improved cash flow. (Continued on page 30)



CONTRIBUTEDARTICLE (Continued from page 29)

How to applyCost Segregation Study requires an experienced engineer that has a well-rounded understanding of tax, engineering, and construction to produce a study that identifies and reclassifies personal property assets to shorten the depreciation time.

Repair & Maintenance Study The Repair & Maintenance 263(a) Study analyzes business operations, allowing taxpayers to expense certain costs that traditionally have been capitalized. What project/repairs qualify? Any property owner who has replaced certain building or sitework components can benefit from reclassifying these costs as expenses from capitalized assets with long depreciation periods. Industries such as retail, banking, warehouse, manufacturing, hospitality, automotive retailers, assisted living facilities, etc. Typical repairs that qualify are replacing windows or doors, lighting, electrical, plumbing, painting, wall coverings, floors, parking lots, locks, sidewalks, etc. Why your clients want to know about Repair & Maintenance Just like Cost Segregation, a Repair & Maintenance study is beneficial for a property owner that has incurred a tax burden. These studies offset tax liability by increasing the amount of deductions. How to applyTo claim this deduction, the property owner must have a detailed engineering analysis done as prescribed by the IRS. It is recommended to work with an engineering specialist that possesses indepth knowledge of IRS case laws and guidance, as well as an understanding of construction and maintenance industry standards.

Utility Rebates Rebates are offered by local utility companies and utility cooperatives for energy-efficient technologies including lighting, HVAC Systems, sensors, plumbing, appliances, commercial cooking equipment, refrigeration, windows, roofing systems, and even window film. Even renewable energy equipment can be eligible for rebates. What projects qualify? Utility rebates apply to all industries for the installation or replacement of a fixture, system or technology. Why your clients want to know about Utility RebatesUtility Rebates offer a quick payback in cash, and can be a great beginning for clients looking for a speedy return on investment (ROI). However, early initiation is critical: most utilities require pre-inspection for retrofits. For new construction, the utility companies often want to be contacted during the design phase. How to applyUtility Rebates can be offered in two forms- prescriptive for minimum design standards, and custom rebates. Custom rebates require a credible 3rd party to verify the energy savings and reliability of new technologies.



Grants & Other Incentives Incentives such as grants and property/sales tax exemptions can fill in the gaps between the larger tax deductions and credits, and can offer additional upfront monies to reduce costs. Every year, grants are offered by federal, state, and local agencies. Grant funds are available for energy efficiency, renewable energy, and unique projects. What projects qualify? Projects of all types and all industries are eligible. Different grants and incentives are available to projects on a case by case, location basis. For some locations, projects need not have unique features, merely be located in traditionally under serviced areas. Why your clients want to know about Grants & Other IncentivesAs grant money is cash that does not have to be paid back, it is incredibly beneficial for organizations large and small to take advantage of. Grants and other incentives can significantly reduce the cost to the client, as well as recapture funds spent. How to applyA grant & incentive specialist is recommended to ensure that all possible opportunities are identified and all paperwork is properly assembled and submitted. Each granting agency maintains very specific requirements, e.g. format, deadlines. Agencies can often require a wealth of information written in a poetry or prose that only an experienced Grant Writer is familiar. The Grant process is thus made easier by an experienced professional that knows how to navigate the hundreds of solicitations, requirements, and funding agencies.

Digging During Design Working with a Specialist that offers that 3rd party certification in the design phase is the way to maximize this project’s potential. Getting the specialist involved early in the design phase allows for the incentives that require design reviews, site visits, and applications before the budget has been spent. This also ensures that the design meets the energy-efficiency targets of the various incentives, with minimal if any additional cost.

Picking the Best Partner When selecting the best partner to work with you and possibly with your client, look for a specialist with expertise and certification- one who understands both the financing and the engineering sides. Many of these incentives require a specialist whether it is a 3rd Party Energy Certifier, as required in 179D, Cost Segregation, and Repair & Maintenance, or an Incentive Specialist who works in the field every day and lives and breathes these incentive programs. Ideally, a partner will become an extension of your company, one who will work in the background and not hinder your project’s timeline. Don’t let the list of paperwork and IRS jargon keep your clients from applying for the funds they deserve. The best incentive partner for you and your clients will identify the specific information needed for incentives and make the stacks of paperwork look easy. The client needs only focus on this information while the specialist does the research, narrows the information needed, fills out the paperwork, and most importantly, follows up with the funding agency to assure that no deadlines are missed.

Highlighting the Bottom-line Benefits A priority initiative during construction projects is to create sustainable buildings while keeping projects within budget. Designs that consider incentives are able to do more, using better technology, including sensors for lighting and HVAC systems. As a benefit to architects, designs that maximize the incentives can allow for higher architectural fees. Here are the highlights of a few typical projects that benefited from federal, state, and local incentive programs. The first project offers a case study of a government project where the architect benefited from the 179D allocation. The second illuminates the benefits to the average commercial client.

Clients can benefit from multiple programs that offer upfront savings as well as savings after the project has been completed. As shown in the table below, the incentives totaled over $6 per square foot.

Auto Dealership (1 location) Square Footage: 60,000 Incentive Type EPAct 179D Tax Deduction (60,000 sq. ft. @ $1.80/sq. ft.)


Federal Grant


Utility Rebate (HVAC & Lighting)

Case Study A University Education Center - Type of Building: University Building - Location: North Carolina - Ownership: Government- Owned - Type of Construction: New Construction - Square Footage: 88,793 - Floors: 7 - Completed: 2007


Total Incentives for Client

$10,550 $368,550

Incentives vary for location to location and year-to-year, but can be beneficial to you, the architect, and your clients.

Located on the University’s campus, the Education Center Building is the primary means for engaging the community. The building is 7 floors- 2 parking levels, 4 building levels- offices and classrooms, and 1 penthouse floor, hosting student and faculty services, academic instruction, programs, and research. For this project, the architect was introduced to 179D after the project was completed, so a letter to the owner was prepared to acquire the allocation of the deduction to the architect. As shown in the table below, the architect was allocated a 179D Tax Deduction of $155,459.

University Education Center Square Footage: 88,793 Incentive Type


EPAct 179D Tax Deduction (Conditioned Space 85,153 sq. ft. @ $1.80/sq. ft.)


Some points to remember when applying incentives to your project:


• Involving a specialist early in the design process maximizes the return to owners, by assuring that designs meet the criteria of various funding agencies.

EPAct 179D Tax Deduction (Unconditioned Space 3,640 sq. ft. @ $.60/sq. ft.)

Total Deduction Allocated to Designer


Case Study B Auto Plaza - Type of Building: Retailer (Auto Dealership) - Location: Montana - Ownership: Privately-Owned - Type of Construction: New Construction & Addition - Square Footage: 240,000 (Total for 3 buildings) - Floors: 1 - Completed: 2012 This project consisted of three new dealership projects located in rural Montana. The first dealership, as the first built implemented LED exterior lighting. The second and third dealerships utilized LED lighting in the interior showroom, as well as the exterior site lighting.

• Government projects can add up in tax deductions for architects and designers, whereas commercial projects can mean savings for your clients. • Designs that take into consideration incentives and return on investment can justify higher architectural fees. About the Author David Ely is President/CEO of Energy Design Service Systems (EDSS) based in Michigan. EDSS is an ENERGY STAR partner and is a member of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). Contact: For more information on these incentives and others visit the EDSS website www.edssenergy.com, or contact (810) 227-3377 • info@edssenergy.com. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 17 NO. 1 • SPRING 2013



Creating an Alternative for Performance Concrete by Jack Gibbons and Mark F. Chrzanowski, P.E.


ow more than ever, the concrete industry is looking for ways to do it better, faster, more economical, and with greater environmental stewardship. All of this requires mechanisms for innovation in an industry that can be slow to change. Author Jack Gibbons, with the help of ACI 329 Chair Mark F. Chrzanowski, look at how the American Concrete Industry has set their sights on developing a culture that encourages innovation through performance-based delivery of concrete. One of the most significant recent developments in concrete is the creation of American Concrete Institute (ACI) Committee 329, Performance Criteria for Ready Mixed Concrete. This committee formally recognizes the need to move beyond prescriptive mix specifications in order to meet the demand for higher performance concrete and the more rapid cycle construction schedules that today’s projects require, while addressing the need to practice greater environmental stewardship by allowing a project team to tailor the utilization of materials and construction means and methods to the specific needs of a given project. Back in 2004, the Strategic Development Council of ACI identified the move from prescriptive to performance-based specifications as an industry-critical technology. This led to the creation of Innovative Task Group-8, (ITG-8), whose mission statement read, “to develop a report on performance criteria and test methods for concrete materials that could be used in codes and specifications.”

HISTORY Since their first meeting in Fall of 2007, members of ITG-8 have been busy writing a guide report that investigates the issue of specifying concrete through performance-based criteria. In December 2010, ACI published ITG-8R-10 Report on PerformanceBased Requirements for Concrete and subsequently discharged the members of ITG-8. It will now be the task of newly formed ACI Committee 329 to champion the concept of performance-based concrete.

“Back in 2004, the Strategic Development Council of ACI identified the move from prescriptive to performance-based specifications as an industry-critical technology.”

GOALS According to ACI 329 Chairman Chrzanowski, the short term goal for ACI 329 is to ballot the document and adopt the ITG-8 Report as the ACI 329 document. Possible future goals include: • Develop additional performance-based criteria and guidance for future revisions to the ITG-8/ACI 329 Report. • Review ACI Documents to identify barriers to performance-based specifications and work with committees to address the barriers. • Review current industry practices to identify barriers to performance-based specifications and work within the industry to remove the barriers. • Document performance projects with the intent of educating. (continued on page 40)



INSURANCEINFO (Continued from page 10)

for as a matter of course. Words such as "impact" or "delay" are red flags that problems are on the horizon. It’s funny that no matter where the project stands, if there was any delay by the designer it was at a "critical bottleneck of activity." Head off these types of situations by remembering two simple things. First, we have actually seen a contractor’s guide to documenting delay claims and Chapter One, Verse One states that the delay claim begins "When the contract is signed." Our best weapon? The site observation reports. Remember, you should be creating an agenda before you go out to the jobsite based on where the project "should" be based on the construction schedule, not by where it currently stands. If the contractor is behind schedule, it should be reflected in the report which should be presented in objective, factual and verifiable format. Also, submittals should be turned around within required time-frames, and those submittals outside your contractual obligation to review should be returned timely advising they were not reviewed. Replacing Another Consultant: The other day I had a designer call and indicate that he had been asked to take over a project for another designer. My first question was "did the prior designer go out of business?" When the answer came back no, and that the designer was voluntarily walking away from the project, red flags went up. As we discussed the matter further, it was revealed that the preceding firm had replaced an even earlier firm, and that one was still in business too. When I asked why the progression from firm to firm was taking place, the designer indicated uncertainty. When you find out that you are taking over for another firm, it would be prudent to do two things: First, find out who owns the drawings. If the contract indicates the designer does or is silent on the topic of ownership, you will need the owner to obtain ownership rights or you pursue the predecessor firm for written permission to use their drawings to complete the project. This is true even if the predecessor firm is out of business. The copyright or patent survives the liquidation of the designer. Who’s Paying, Part One: In one of the Midwest states, there was a governmental agency that hadn’t been funded for five years, but was still contracting with designers to do work. The agency would have the work done, but then file claims against the designers in an amount equal to their fees for the work. You should know how the project is funded, and if possible determine if the funds have already been received or are still pending. Part Two: I once worked with a design firm that received a lawsuit from their client in the amount of $160,000. While discussing the matter, it was revealed that the designer was

owed $150,000 in fees for their work. As we dug further, it was determined the designer did not follow-up diligently enough and allowed the accounts receivable number to grow. Since they hadn’t billed, the client made certain assumptions and used the money allocated for fees and put back some of the value engineered back into the project. If you are not getting paid and words such as "issues," "problems," or "negligence" begin to enter the discussion, you are probably going to be visited with a claim. In both instances, the best course of action is to have adequate description of the payment requirements in the contract, and then pursue payment consistent with those contractual stipulations. Turning The Other Cheek: The contractor is behind schedule and you are over fifty percent through the construction phase. Remember, relationships change. Where once you were indispensable, you are now on the outside looking in. The owner now needs the contractor a great deal more than you since your main work is already for the most part completed. This is where pressure comes to bear on Change Orders. The contractor will begin to point fingers or the tsunami of RFI’s begin. Again, the documents are what are going to be your best defense. Did you review and return the RFI’s to all parties with the proper responses? Do your site reports detail how the contractor was behind before anything was raised and RFI’s flooded in? You have three choices with Change Orders: 1) sign them, 2) don’t sign them, and 3) sign them, but with notes indicating you do not believe they are required since the Change Order involves detail already in the drawings, and the only reason you are signing it is to avoid delaying completion of the project. We recommend the third option if possible. Money Is Tight: If a project comes in over budget, you can be assured there will be a claim of some type that will be presented. The issues in such a circumstance have been documented above. What you will need to do is make sure you start preparing your position as soon as the budgetary issues come to light. You will want to document what were owner requested changes, changes in conditions, contractor rework, and miscellaneous. If there are some issues you believe you will be responsible for, those should be listed as well…but only after you have collaborated with your Professional Liability claims person. This is only the tip of the iceberg when it comes to warning signs, but these are the major ones. If you have any questions, you should be contacting your insurance professional for assistance.

“Words such as "impact" or "delay" are red flags that problems are on the horizon.”

“How do I know something might reasonably develop into a claim?.”



Exhibit at the 15th Annual Architecture Conference & Product Show Tuesday, October 22, 2013 - Drury Lane Conference Center, Oakbrook Terrace, IL • Design Professionals Will Be There Showcase your products and services architects, specifiers, engineers, contractors and owners need; provide the expertise they require. Architects throughout the Midwest attend.

• Your Customers and Competition Will Be There Let decision-makers view your new products. The Conference will be aggressively promoted through mailings, association publications, e-newsletters, websites, social media and more.

• Convenient and Exhibitor Friendly Benefit by access to expressways and airports, free parking, easy and "no-fee" set up/ take down and a private exhibitor hospitality room.

• The Most Cost Effective and Productive Event You Will Attend Maximize your exposure and time with a reasonable investment.

Questions? Call Rosemary at 847-382-0630 for information or visit www.alatoday.org EXHIBITOR REGISTRATION Online at: www.alatoday.org THIS IS AN ALL BOOTH SHOW. BOOTH (8 X 10 SPACE WITH 6-FOOT TABLE)

■ ALA/CSI Member

*Before May 31

After May 31



Each space includes one complimentary lunch

■ Non member

*Before May 31

After May 31



*Payment must be received by May 31 for early bird discount.

Electrical (110 V) - $160.00

Additional lunches @$25.00 each

Exhibitors (as of 3/8/2013) Abatron, Inc. ALCOA All About Access Amerimix Ameristar Fence Products Andersen Windows, Inc. ARC Imaging Resources CertainTeed CETCO Chicago Regional Council of Carpenters Cook County Lumber CPI Daylighting, Inc. Custom Building Products Daltile Doors For Builders, Inc. Fox Valley Associated General Contractors

Hoover Treated Wood Products, Inc. Huber Engineered Woods InPro Corporation International Masonry Institute Ingersoll Rand Security Technologies Illinois Brick Company LiveRoof, LLC. LP Building Products M.G. Welbel & Associates Major Industries, Inc. Marvin Windows and Doors MasterGraphics, Inc. Metl-Span Moen Incorporated Morin Corporation Mortar Net USA, Ltd. NexGen Building Supply

Northfield - an Oldcastle Company NSG-Pilkington North America Pella Windows & Doors, Inc. PerMar Ltd. Pittco Architectural Metals, Inc. Prosoco, Inc. Rauch Clay Sales Corp. Raynor Garage Door Simpson-Strong-Tie Company, Inc. SPEC MIX/Quikrete Chicago Tesko Custom Metals The Sherwin Williams Company TOTO USA Inc. Tubelite, Inc. Water Furnace, Inc. Weyerhaeuser

Call for Seminar Presenters We are now accepting seminar proposals for the conference. Twelve seminars of 90 minutes/1.5 LU’s will be selected. Suggested topics include: Sustainable Design, Business/Code/Legal, Technical, and Building Envelope. Applications are available on www.alatoday.org. Deadline is April 5, 2013.



Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education


New Challenges for Renovations by Jeffery C. Camplin, MS, CSP

Learning Objectives • Learn about the EPA Lead Paint regulations. • Discover how to determine if lead paint rules apply to your project. • Examine the difference between the EPA rules and OSHA regulations. • Learn how to choose a Lead-Safe Certified contractor.

any architects, contractors and maintenance workers who have been on the job for years believe they know all about the dangers of and the precautions necessary for working with lead paint. Others think lead paint poisoning simply went away years ago. It didn’t. That’s why you need to know the facts about lead paint and how disturbing it poses serious health risks to the people in your client’s building(s), especially children. If your clients operate in a pre-1978 hospital, child-care facility, school or extended-stay hotel suite that is being renovated, repaired or painted, this article is for you. EPA regulations now mandate that any contractor or maintenance staff, from plumbers to electricians to painters, who disturbs more than six square feet of lead paint, replaces windows or does any demolition while working in a pre-1978 home, school or day-care center, must now be Lead-Safe Certified and trained in lead-safe work practices. If not, you could face tens of thousands of dollars in fines. These regulations are now the standard of care for the industry and complying with them will reduce your chance of being involved in potentially expensive lawsuits. As a building owner representative or person in the position of authority to choose who performs renovation work in hospital, child-care facility, school, or apartment, it is your responsibility to choose a contractor who is Lead-Safe Certified. Here are a few helpful tips: • Ask if the contractor is trained to perform lead-safe work practices and ask to see a copy of their EPA training certificate. • Make sure your contractor can explain clearly the details of the job and how the firm will minimize lead hazards during the work process. • Ask what lead-safe methods will be used to set up and perform the job in your hospital, child-care facility, school or apartment.

(continued on page 36)



Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education (continued from page 35)

• Ask for references from at least three recent jobs involving buildings built before 1978, and speak to each personally. • Always make sure the contract is clear about how the work will be set up, performed and cleaned.

The Basics on Lead-Paint Rules



Common renovation, repair, and painting activities that disturb leadbased paint (like sanding, cutting, replacing windows, and more) can create hazardous lead dust and chips which can be harmful to adults and children. But with careful work practices and thorough clean-up, renovations can be done safely. EPA's Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule (RRP Rule) lowers the risk of lead contamination from home renovation activities. It requires that firms performing renovation, repair, and painting projects that disturb leadbased paint in homes, child care facilities and pre-schools built before 1978 be certified by EPA and use certified renovators who are trained by EPA-approved training providers to follow lead-safe work practices. Contractors and training providers working in Alabama, Georgia, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin must contact the state to find out more about its training and certification/ licensing requirements. These states are authorized to administer their own RRP programs in lieu of the federal program. The USEPA Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) rules cover "targeted" properties. The target is those properties that could contain lead-based paint that might potentially poison a child or the unborn (through exposure to pregnant women). Lead-based paint was banned in 1978 so only properties constructed prior to 1978 are subject to this regulation. The properties are primarily single and multi-family residential structures. However, the RRP rule also covers "child occupied facilities" which would include daycare, pre-schools, and other facilities where children under age 6 reside. According to a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) survey of the prevalence of lead-based paint hazards in the nation's housing, approximately 38 million pre-1978 U.S. dwellings contain lead-based paint. Before undertaking this work in a home built prior to 1978, it is important to either assume that the area undergoing work contains lead-based paint and take appropriate precautions, or to accurately determine whether lead-based paint is present. However, if the paint is tested and is not lead-based paint, then the RRP rules do not apply to the project. In the past, architects and building owners could hire a lead inspector to test painted surfaces. The RRP rules allow for the


On April 22, 2010, the USEPA implemented a rule that requires special work practice certification of contractors that are hired to perform renovation, repair and painting projects in homes, child care facilities, and schools built before 1978 that disturb lead-based paint to prevent lead contamination. This rule impacts hundreds of thousands of employers and millions of employees. The USEPA is already proposing an expansion of this rule into pre-1978 commercial facilities that will significantly expand the scope of employers and building owners covered by this new regulation. Failure to comply with this new regulation can result in fines as high as $75,000 per violation, including a potential prison term. Architects that design renovation projects in pre-1978 residential and child-occupied facilities (daycare, pre-school, and kindergarten class rooms attended by children under 6 years of age) may have projects impacted by the EPA lead-safe regulations. The new EPA regulations require "firms" that disturb more than 6 square feet of paint per room (or more that 20 square feet on the exterior) in these pre-1978 buildings to become certified with the EPA and employ certified renovators who would train workers and oversee these projects. Firms include contractors who are hired to perform renovation, repair, and painting work where paint is disturbed in the targeted housing. However, building owners whose maintenance staff also disturb painted surfaces in targeted housing must also be certified and use certified renovators. Certified firms must send a supervisor or "renovator" to an 8-hour class where they become certified to oversee work covered by the RRP rule. However, the 8-hour class only covers the EPA requirements and completely ignores OSHA worker protection rules. Therefore, safety professionals might find that "Certified Firms" are violating OSHA lead regulations because they were not taught about OSHA requirements for worker protection. This is going to be a huge issue for employers whose employees are exposed to lead hazards during work covered by the new EPA RRP rule.


Determining if Lead Paint Rules Apply

Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education

use of test kit so that certified renovators can test painted surfaces themselves. In the 2008 Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting Program (RRP) Rule, the Agency described criteria for recognizing test kits that detect lead in paint. The federal standards for lead-based paint in target housing and child-occupied facilities is a lead content in paint that equals or exceeds a level of 1.0 milligram per square centimeter (mg/cm2) or 0.5 percent by weight. Remember: All testing of painted surfaces must be conducted by an EPA certified renovator working for a certified firm. Failure to use certified individuals could result in regulatory violations.

• Written compliance program – OSHA regulations require a very detailed compliance program listing out specific requirements for employers to document. The EPA RRP rule does not have any requirements or discussion of a written compliance plan. • Mandatory respirator use - OSHA lead regulations require exposure monitoring for employees exposed to lead dust or fumes during work. OSHA has established three work class tasks where certain exposures above the PEL must be assumed when employers fail to perform exposure monitoring. All of the work practices covered by the EPA RRP rule require employee respiratory protection under OSHA. However, the EPA required training only discusses respirator use as optional. The EPA training does not discuss OSHA regulations for a written respirator program, medical clearance, respirator training and fit testing for employees who are required to wear respirators.

“If your clients operate in a pre-1978 hospital, child-care facility, school or extended-stay hotel suite that is being renovated, repaired or painted, this article is for you.”

EPA Gaps in Worker Protection Create Potential OSHA Compliance Issues

Architects should be alert to the fact that OSHA rules differ significantly from the EPA RRP regulations. OSHA lead regulations apply to any work where employees come into contact with any level of lead or lead bearing coatings. Therefore, bid specifications should also require adherence to both EPA and OSHA lead-paint regulations. They should also note the following worker protection and/or OSHA omissions in the new EPA lead-based paint rule:

(continued on page 38)

• Lead-based paint – The EPA RRP rule defines lead-based paint as containing more than 0.5% lead by weight. Lead coatings below this threshold are exempt from any special EPA certification, training or work practices. However, OSHA regulates lead in any amount. Therefore, many employers will believe that lead coated surfaces below the EPA standards of 0.5% by weight are not regulated when in fact they may still be regulated by OSHA. • Regulated areas – OSHA mandates under 1926.62 that employers establish "regulated areas" when lead or lead-coated surfaces are disturbed. A regulated area requires specific OSHA signage. The EPA signs required by their new RRP rule do not meet OSHA requirements for a regulated area.



Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education (continued from page 37)

• Protective clothing – OSHA lead regulations require protective clothing when work tasks disturb lead coatings (without a negative exposure assessment). OSHA requires either disposable clothing or employer laundering. The EPA RRP rule lists disposable clothing as optional and trains workers to use HEPA vacuums to clean clothing before going home. OSHA also requires the employers to notify other employees or employers who would launder the contaminated clothing. The EPA RRP rules do not provide any awareness for employees who launder their own contaminated work clothing. • Annual training - OSHA regulations require annual training when airborne levels of lead dust or fumes exceeds their action level. The EPA’s new RRP rule only requires training every 5 years. • Hygiene facilities – OSHA regulations require a separate area to change from work clothing to street clothing as well as providing for hand/face washing facilities. The EPA does not address change facilities and suggests that workers wash their hands and face prior to leaving the work place. • Medical surveillance and biological monitoring – OSHA mandates biological monitoring for employees exposed above the action level for airborne lead dust and fumes. The EPA RRP rule briefly mentions that the only way to detect lead in your blood is with a blood test and does not inform the workers of the OSHA requirement for biological monitoring. The new EPA RRP lead-based paint rule is an important regulation for reducing the unacceptable levels of elevated lead in children’s blood in certain areas of the country. However, this huge piece of legislation has done a disservice to the millions of workers who will be impacted by lead during common renovation, repair, and painting activities in residential and child occupied facilities by ignoring mandatory worker protection requirements mandated by OSHA. Architects may need to work with both contractors and building owners and take extra steps to ensure that workers or employees of contractors disturbing lead bearing substances in their facilities are thoroughly trained and protected in all applicable regulations; specifically OSHA worker protection rules for lead.



➢ Side Bar 1 - Lead Safe Work Practice Basics Remember three key points: • Set up the job site safely • Minimize dust on the job • Clean up carefully and completely. ➢ Side Bar 2 - Resources: EPA information on the new RRP rule for lead-based paint can be found at http://www.epa.gov/lead/pubs/toolkits.htm HUD information on lead safe work practices for renovation work can be found at http://www.hud.gov/offices/lead/training/rrp/rrp.cfm OSHA information on worker protection for employees exposed to lead-bearing substances can be found at http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/lead/construction.html Jeffery C. Camplin, MS, CSP is president of Camplin Environmental Services, Inc., a safety and environmental consulting firm based in Rosemont, IL. He is a licensed lead risk assessor and accredited EPA lead-based paint instructor for abatement courses and the new EPA RRP rule training. Jeff provides regulatory compliance assistance to architects and building owners on lead-based paint, asbestos, indoor air quality, construction safety, and OSHA/EPA compliance.

Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education

ALA Continuing Education Questionnaire -

EPA LEAD-BASED PAINT RULE: New Challenges for Renovations Learning Objectives: • Learn about the EPA Lead Paint regulations. • Discover how to determine if lead paint rules apply to your project.

• Examine the difference between the EPA rules and OSHA regulations. • Learn how to choose a Lead-Safe Certified contractor.

2. What year was residential lead-based paint banned? A: 1978 B: 1976 C: 1987 D: 1982

Program Title:

EPA LEAD-BASED PAINT RULE: New Challenges for Renovations ALA/CEP Credit: This article qualifies for 1.0 LUs/ HSW (health, safety, and welfare) of State Required Learning Units and may qualify for other LU requirements. (Valid through March 2015.) Instructions: • Read the article using the learning objectives provided.

3. What is an example of a "Child Occupied Facility"? A: Daycare facility B. Pre-school classroom C. Kindergarten classroom D. All of the above 4. Who does the EPA allow to test paint for the presence of lead? A. Employers B. Certified Renovators C. Contractors D. Building owners

• Answer the questions. • Fill in your contact information. • Sign the certification. • Submit questions with answers, contact infor-mation and payment to ALA by mail or fax to receive credit. QUIZ QUESTIONS 1. What population is targeted by the RRP lead rules? A. Adults over the age of 18 B. Pregnant women C. Children under the age of 12 D. Children under the age of 6 and the unborn (pregnant women).

5. True or False - Complying with the RRP lead safe work practices also complies with OSHA worker protection rules? A. True B. False. 6. How high can citations be under the RRP rules? A. $15,000 per violation B. $25,000 per violation C. $75,000 per violation. D. $100,000 per violation

7. Q: Are there states that are authorized to administer their own RRP program in lieu of the Federal program? A: Yes. You must contact the state for their requirements. B. No. All states must follow the EPA requirements. 8. How long is the training course to become a RRP certified renovator? A. 2 hours B. 4 hours C. 6 hours D: 8 hours 9. Does the RRP rule require workers to wear respirators when disturbing lead-based paint? A: No. Respirators are optional by the EPA. However, OSHA does require the use of respirators for worker protection. B. Yes. The EPA and OSHA both require the use of respirators for worker protection. 10. What are the basic concepts in leadsafe work practices? A: Set up the job site safely B. Minimize dust C. Clean up carefully and completely D. All of the above.

PAYMENT: ALA/CEP Credit or Certificate of Completion: Cost: $15 (ALA Members) $20 (non-members) ■ Check or ■ Credit Card

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NEW TRENDS IN MATERIALS (continued from page 32)

WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? (Author’s Opinion)


I participate in a seminar each year at the world of Concrete titled, How to Use Chemical Admixtures Effectively. Using admixtures individually as in many cases, in combination, is the primary tool advancing the performance of concrete. Today water reducers are more powerful than we could have ever imagined, and accelerators and retarders are often used all year long. Rapid cycle concrete construction is common today and would not be possible without the creative use of chemical admixtures. It wasn’t that long ago when a three-day cycle was the accepted norm for post-tensioned concrete. Then it was reduced to two. Today it’s not unusual to pull strand in only one day. Durability has increased with the use of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs), as well as our ability to produce low heat mass concrete, and SCMs are crucial to the production of high- and ultra high-strength concrete. All of this has been made possible because of mixes being designed for performance and not by prescription. One of the best comments I’ve seen on the current advance in current advances in concrete construction was from Stan Korista of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill in an interview he gave on the design and construction of Chicago’s 100-story Trump Tower. Korista states, “What has made the difference for concrete construction is the development of high-strength concrete mixes, the greatly increased efficiency of concrete pumps and placing booms and the development of forming systems that can be erected safely and quickly then moved to the next location.” Having been personally involved in developing the mixer for the Trump Project, the only change I would make to Stan’s comment is that it isn’t just about high strength, it’s about high performance. Only about 40% of the Trump Tower concrete was high strength, but every cubic yard was “high performance” for construction purposes. Another published quote regarding the construction of Trump Tower came from Dave Alexander, Senior Vice President of McHugh Construction, concrete contractor for the project “...moving and placing 180,000 cubic yards of concrete...was a technical challenge that might have been impossible only 10 years ago.” SOM wrote a performance specification for the concrete which thoroughly detailed their requirements and then let Prairie Materials (the ready mix producer) use their expertise to design the mix.

ITG-8 and ACI 329 are laying the groundwork for how the concrete industry can proceed. We have only scratched the surface of how successful it can be designing for performance. The Trump Tower is only one example where performance was essential in every area. Future examples may be even more extreme and their success may depend on designing for performance. Jack Gibbons is the Central Region Manager for the Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute. Jack is a long time member of ACI and serves on several technical committees, and is a regular speaker at the World of Concrete. He may be reached at jgibbons@crsi.org Mark F. Chrzanowski, P.E. is a Principal Structural Technologist for CH2MHILL and is currently serving as an expert in concrete materials to the Panama Canal Authority (ACP). Mark also is a member of ACI and serves on several technical committees. He may be reached at mchrzano@ch2m.com. This article appeared in the Feb. 2011 issue of Structure magazine, published by the National Council of Structural Engineers and is reprinted with permission”.

ALA Continuing Education Providers Please call upon our CEP Providers to provide seminars for you and your office.

Brick Industry Association Boral Stone Products Chicago Regional Council of Carpenters Chicago Roofing Contractors Assoc. - CRCA Frantz Ward, LLP Hoover Treated Wood Products, Inc. IMAGINiT Interline Creative Group, Inc. International Leak Detection Kelly P. Reynolds & Associates, Inc. Pittsburgh Corning Corporation Reading Rock Schuyler, Roche & Crisham, P.C. To the Top Home Elevators Village of Hoffman Estates




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ALA Awards Banquet Friday, November 9, 2012

ne hundred and fifty-six architects, building professionals, clients and guests attended the ALA Design Awards Banquet on Friday, November 9th to honor the 2012 Design Award Winners. The elegant Medinah Country Club in Medinah, IL, with its history of architectural style and grace, provided a spectacular setting for this special evening. Attendees were treated to a gourmet dinner, classical music by a violin quartet and participation in the recognition of architectural excellence. Prior to the dinner, the attendees viewed the boards of all 99 entries at a cocktail reception generously hosted by: Andersen Windows, Euclid Insurance Agencies, IMAGINiT Technologies, Marvin Windows and Doors, and Moen/Creative Specialties International. ALA President, Jeffrey Budgell, FALA introduced this year’s emcee, Geoffrey Baer, the Emmy Award-winning producer for WTTW Channel 11. Mr Baer is best known for the popular "TV Tours" he writes and hosts which highlight the architecture and history of the Chicago area. His architectural insights and humor were enjoyed throughout the evening. After dinner, the 2012 Design Award Program winners were recognized. The Gold Medal, Silver Medal and Merit certificates

were awarded to thirty-two projects by architectural firms from Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. The Presidential Award, named for ALA’s founder and first President, Don Erickson, was awarded to Steve Cavanaugh, ALA of DLR Group for the Patterson Technology Center in Effingham, IL. ALA thanks the distinguished and discriminating panel of judges who gave their time and expertise in selecting the winners. The 2012 judges were: Daniel P. Coffey, FAIA, Chairman and CEO of Dan P. Coffey & Assoc.; Mark Nevenhoven, AIA, Principal of INVISION – Des Moines; David F. Schultz, ALA, AIA, NCARB, IFRAA, Principal and CEO of David F. Schultz Associates, Ltd.; Melanie B. Soos, FALA, CoFounder and Principal of Soos & Associates; Dan Wheeler, FAIA, Principal of Wheeler Kearns Architects and Professor at The University of Illinois at Chicago.

A special thanks goes to the Design Awards Committee: Chairman Steven Pate, FALA; Jury Chairperson LeRoy Herbst, FALA; Assistant Jury Chairpersons: Richard Barnes, ALA and Matthew Kramer, ALA; Robert Davidson, FALA; Howard Hirsch, ALA; Joanne Sullivan and Lisa Brooks.

Presidential Award Winner Steve Cavanaugh, DLR Group



Gold Award Winners

Artur Kaczmarek and Anna Bugaj, Bugaj Architects


Morgante Wilson Architects, LTD.

Nick Perry and David Steele, Muller + Muller, Ltd.

Reverand Dr. James F. Miller, DuPage AME Church and Paul Harding, Harding Partners



Silver Award Winners

Amer Vonarb and Mike Kastner, ASK Studio

Steve Ohlhaber, William Hollander of NELSON, a Torchia Group and Anthony Iannessa, Leopardo Construction

Jim Fraerman, Fraerman Associates

Thomas Stroka, Duncan G. Stroik Architect, LLC

Chris Coyne, Leopardo Construction; Brian Meade, Dewberry; and Leigh McMillen, Leopardo Construction

Gordon Klaus, Three i Design

Jaeger, Nickola & Associates

Michael Pusich, Heitman Architects; Art Donaldson, Parker Hannifin and Karl Heitman, Heitman Architects



Merit Award Winners

Mark Kluempe, Myefski Architects Winner of two Merit Awards


Alice Schuler, Chris Koster, Mieko Yoshida and Henry Ryan, SMNG-A Architects, Ltd.

Henry Ryan, George Solit Construction; Adam St. Cyr, Scott Boyle, Steve Cavanaugh, Kevin Hall, DLR Group

Sushil Joshi and Dan Hanna Hanna Architects


Brett Gawronski and Rusty Walker Holabard & Root, LLP

Evan Leduc ALDS Architecture and Design

Brent Schipper ASK Studio

William McCollum McCollum Architects

Todd Niemiec and Dror Ram SMNG-A Architects Ltd.


Jim Gempler GMK Architecture, Inc.

Mark Garzon and Elizabeth McNicholos MGLM Architects, Ltd.

Michael Mackey Dewberry

Nicole Thompson Station 19 Architects

Patricia Saldana Natke, Urban Works, Raul Raymundo, The Resurrection Project and Ralph Hernandez, Denco

COMING IN APRIL TO A LOCATION NEAR YOU! WIDELY POPULAR... CODES AND STANDARDS WORKSHOP Register Now!!! Earn: 4 LU/HSW ALA and AIA registered • Morning Session 7:30 AM - 12:15 PM Presented by: Kelly P. Reynolds and Associates, Inc. ALA Building Code Consultant

Learning Aimed At Your Goals. This workshop is specifically designed for architects to provide practical solutions. Kelly Reynolds is considered one of the foremost authorities on the International Building Code and has been serving the architectural community with his own firm since 1979. He delivers high quality consulting and training services while preserving architectural design intent.

All in a morning workshop you will learn... 1. Selected changes to the 2012 International Building Code, Fire Code and Property Maintenance Code. 2. Formal Interpretation of the I-Codes. 3. Court Decisions on Liability and Building Codes for Architects.

Don’t Miss Out on this Dynamic Learning Opportunity! Be sure to sign up early to save your space at the following locations: April 9 April 12 April 24 April 25 April 26

St. Louis, MO Chicago, IL Columbus, OH Minneapolis, MN Detroit, MI

Masonry Institute of St. Louis, St. Louis, MO Maggiano’s Little Italy, Schaumburg, IL Hilton Garden Inn – University Area, Columbus, OH Jax Cafe, Minneapolis, MN Radisson Hotel, Bloomfield Hills, MI

Registration is available online at www.alatoday.org. Registration fee: $85.00 ALA Members/ $95.00 Non-members. (Includes a 22-page workbook, continental breakfast, mid-morning break, and Certificate of Completion.)



Legal Services for Architects Illinois



Heley Duncan &Melander PLLP

Mark J. Heley, Attorney at Law Eric Heiberg, Attorney at Law 8500 Normandale Lake Boulevard Suie 2110 Minneapolis, Minnesota 55437

Direct (952) 841-0219 Main (952) 841-0001 Fax (952) 841-0041 Toll Free (866) 841-0080 mheley@heleyduncan.com


January Program: "Getting Paid Without Getting Sued" January 22nd at The Charcoal Grill in New Berlin. Joshua B. Levy, Esq. ALA Wisconsin’s Legal Counsel, presented a very timely program regarding architect’s fee collection problems. Every professional faces the challenge of collecting for their work in a timely manner. Clients may be slow to pay for a variety of reasons including cash flow problems, project frustrations or simple procrastination. Whatever the reason, a well-prepared professional will be more efficient than an unorganized one. This program helped our members appreciate the importance of a clearly written contract; identified the most important clauses to include in a contract; realize the best practices for documenting critical items during a project; and understanding the most effective way to handle collections. When communication breaks down between a professional and the client, collections become very difficult and are often met with counterclaims and accusations. This program tried to impress upon our members some of the best practices to help getting paid without getting sued.



Josh Levy presented a program on "Getting Paid Without Getting Sued" to the Wisconsin Chapter.

ALAMISSOURI ALA Missouri presents our annual Continuing Education Series "No Architect Left Behind – Season V". This series allows Missouri architects to acquire the State required 12 LU’s per year (plus 2 extra this year) in six easy sessions. The seminars can be reserved individually or for the entire series. An ALA member discount and a discount for the entire series are available. All programs are held on Tuesdays at the Masonry Institute of St. Louis, 1429 Big Bend Blvd, St. Louis, MO 63117 from 12:00 noon to 2:00 pm. The member fee is $40 which includes lunch. Please note that the April 9th program with Kelly Reynolds runs from 8:00 – 12:00 noon with a continental breakfast and attendees earn 4.0 LUs in HSW. Online registration for all programs is available at www.alatoday.org or call the ALA office at 847-382-0630.

2013 Program Schedule April 9: June 11: August 13: October 8: December 10:

Codes and Standards Site Water Quality – What Do I Need to Know? Legal Issues Mistakes Architects Make How to Correctly Insulate Your Building

4.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0


ALAILLINOIS New! ALA Lunch n’ Learns ALA launched our new Lunch n’ Learn program on January 17th at the ALA office in Palatine. Over 20 architects attended a one hour program on Lead Paint Abatement presented by Jeffrey Camplin of Camplin Environmental Services. The lunch was sponsored by the Colfax Corporation.

Illinois December Program: 1. Members met with Neil Piazza of Optimal Energy after the program.

Affiliate Members: If you are interested in presenting a one-hour continuing education program, there are still a few dates available. Please call the ALA office at 847-3820630 for more details. 2. Scott Niesen of Water-Furnace discussed how to diversify into geothermal technology and the outlook of the industry.

February Program: Jeffrey Camplin of Camplin Environmental Services explained the new EPA lead paint regulations during a lunch n’learn at the ALA office.

January Program: Presenter Jim Nowakowski of Interline Creative Group receives a Certificate of Appreciation from Lisa Brooks after his engaging and motivational seminar on how to "Stay in Front of Your Customers".

(L to R) Presenters Laurie Randolph of Hinshaw & Culbertson and Melissa Roberts of Euclid Insurance offered practical tips on "Defensive Writing". ALA President Jeff Budgell, FALA thanked them and sponsor Barb Kolasinski of The Hanover Insurance Group for an outstanding program. (L to R) Arturo Benitez, ALA of DLA Architects, James Raccuglia, ALA of PFDA Architects, Matthias Jans, ALA of Matthias A. Jans, and Tim Metropulos, ALA of TMM Development enjoyed dining together at The Glen Club.



SHOWCASE YOUR TALENT The ALA Design Awards Program is our annual showcase of the power of design by our members.


Plan now to enter the Annual Design Awards Program sponsored by the Association of Licensed Architects (ALA). Letters of Intent are due August 9, 2013. You have the chance to win top honors by our esteemed panel of judges. Materials are due on September 6th. The judging will take place on September 20th. Winning an ALA Design Award is a highly effective way to communicate to the world of your design and innovation leadership, enhancing mindshare and increasing your brand value. The Award provides credit, highlights your existence, helping to widen your client base.

Categories 1. 2. 3. 4.

Residential I – Single Family Homes Residential II – Multi Family Homes, Apartments Commercial/Industrial Renovation

5. 6. 7. 8.

Institutional Religious Unbuilt Design Interior Architecture

Judging Criteria

These entries are subjected to a "blind" adjudication where the information of the participants is hidden from the jury. Entries are judged on the basis of: Program Solution, Site and Space Planning, Overall Design Solution, Construction System and Details. Projects are classified by category and the judges may designate Merit, Silver or Gold awards as they see fit across all categories. The prestigious Presidential Award is selected by the National Board President and it can be from any award category.


Award winners will have their projects displayed at the prominent ALA Design Awards Banquet scheduled for November 8th at the Metropolis in the historic district of downtown Arlington Heights, IL. All the winners will be published in the December issue of Licensed Architect, a publication of the Association of Licensed Architects. Fees: ALA Members: $125 for first entry, $100 each additional entry Non Members: $275 for first entry (includes a one-year ALA membership), $100 each additional entry

Association of Licensed Architects One E. Northwest Highway • Suite 200 • Palatine, IL 60067 Tel: 847-382-0630 • Fax: 847-382-8380 Email: ala@alatoday.org

Profile for Lisa Brooks

Licensed Architect Spring 2013  

Professional magazine for architects and design professionals

Licensed Architect Spring 2013  

Professional magazine for architects and design professionals