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Association of Licensed Architects

$6.00 Volume 15, No. 3 Fall 2011

LicensedArc hitect

2011 Chicago Architecture Conference - Tuesday, October 18 ■ Accessibility Requirements for Hotels ■ ALA Student Merit Winners ■ CE Article - LED Illumination - Earn 1.0 LU HSW ■ The Role of the Design Professional in the Audit Process ■ Secrets the Code Official Won’t Tell You!


The Art of Plastering Class that Lasts!

It’s a fact! No wall finish provides better fire protection, sound control or design flexibility than plaster. Chicago Plastering Institute 5611 West 120th Street Alsip, IL 60803 708-371-3100 Fax 708-371-8290

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

Today’s plaster walls may be made with conventional plaster and lath, or a faster and more cost-efficient veneer plaster system. Either way, plaster’s tougher surface means that it stands up to abuse better than any other interior finish. And only plaster can offer detailed ornamental treatments, and mouldings that look better, install faster and actually cost less than wood alternatives. For more information about plaster systems and the best professionals to apply them, call us.


LicensedArchitect

Vol. 15, No. 3, Fall 2011

COVER BoomTown Kitchen + Tap Brighton, MI

Firm: HOBBS + BLACK ARCHITECTS Photography: Michael Collyer BoomTown is a moderately priced 7,050 sf restaurant with seating for 200 and additional bar seating of 25 with outdoor dining for 40. The décor was stylized as "industrial chic" with open ceilings and exposed ductwork. The look was softened with wood millwork and steel accent elements. Hobbs+Black was responsible for the restaurant equipment planning, layout and selection and the interior finish fit out for the space.

ARTICLES 8 Design Professional Liability For Negligent Misrepresentation When trying to assess the potential risk of exposure to liability, read why it must first be determined whether the law governing the design professional’s work includes the economic loss doctrine. by Shawn E. Goodman, Sabo & Zahn, Attorneys at Law

11 It Doesn’t Add Up Contract clauses related to auditing your project file have recently expanded. Learn why the design professional should be an active part of the audit process. by Bob Stanton, CPCU, ARM, RPLU; Willis A&E

13 User Friendlier Hotels . . . Accessibility Requirements This article addresses some of the codes specific to accessibiity standards for hotels. by Kimberly Paarlberg, RA; International Code Council

32 Avoiding “Tragic” Accidents Most buildings or structure failures can be traced to the negligence of one or more persons. This article offers a review checklist that could avoid these “accidents”. by Melvin S. Markson, FALA, AIA

35 Continuing Education: An Introduction and the Pitfalls of LED Site and Landscape Illumination Learning about LED outdoor lighting, its options and how to incorporate it into your design. by Dean MacMorris; Night Light, Inc.

40 2011 Student Merit Award Winners Meet our 2011 ALA Student Merit Winners from colleges and universities throughout the Midwest.

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

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PUBLISHER’S INFO PUBLISHER

OUR REGULAR FEATURES 13

ADA Advice

43

ALA New Members and Chapters

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ALA 2011 Student Merit Award Winners

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Architecture Conference

ALA, Inc.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS Jeffrey N. Budgell, FALA - President James K. Zahn, Esq., FALA, Vice President Mark Van Spann, FALA - Secretary Patrick C. Harris, FALA - Treasurer Joanne Sullivan, Executive Director Steven H. Pate, FALA Past President

DIRECTORS: James J. Belli, FALA Doug Gallus, FALA (Chapter Delegate) Rick Gilmore, FALA Tom Harkins (Affiliate) David Roth, ALA Jeff Whyte, ALA Horatiu Wolff, FALA (Illinois Delegate)

EDITORS Lisa Brooks Jeffrey N. Budgell, FALA Robert Davidson, FALA Patrick C. Harris, FALA Steven H. Pate, FALA

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Code Corner

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Continuing Education Article

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Contributed Article

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Insurance Info

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Legal Issues

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Membership

ADVERTISING SALES Joanne Sullivan

GRAPHIC DESIGN/MAGAZINE Midwest Type and Imaging ALA, Inc. serves the architectural profession. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form without the express written consent of the publisher. Published in the U.S.A.,© 2011 by ALA, Inc. All rights reserved. Opinions expressed in articles are not necessarily those of ALA, Inc. Any reference to a product or service is not to be construed as an endorsement of same. Advertising published in Licensed Architect does not constitute nor imply an endorsement or recommendation of the advertiser’s products by ALA, Inc., or any of its members. ALA reserves the right to review all advertising for acceptability.

- Advertisers Thank you to our Advertisers - they make this magazine possible A & E Group of Willis HRH . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Berg Engineering Consultants, Ltd. . . . . . 31 Chicago Plastering Institute . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Chicagoland Roofing Council . . . . . . . . . 19 Coleman, Hull & van Vliet, PLLP . . . . . . . 42 CPI Daylighting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Crivello, Carlson, S.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Kelly P. Reynolds & Associates, Inc.. . . . . 12

MasterGraphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Mortar Net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Moshe Calamaro & Associates . . . . . . . . 34 Northfield-Bend. . . . . . . . . . . . . Back Cover SABO & ZAHN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Tee Jay Service Company . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 The Hill Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

For advertising, or membership information, call or write Joanne Sullivan at: ALA, 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 Phone: (847) 382-0630; Fax: (847) 382-8380; E-mail: ALA@alatoday.org

If you have an address correction, wish to submit news items, press releases, or an article, write to:

Web Site: www.alatoday.org

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

Joanne Sullivan at ALA 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 Phone: (847) 382-0630 • Fax: (847) 382-8380 E-mail: ALA@alatoday.org


ALATHEPRESIDENT’SLETTER

e are entering a busy time of the year! Vacations, school starting, etc. Well, take the time to add a couple of additional items to your list. Be sure to read this issue of “Licensed Architect” and pay special attention to the Student Merit Winners and the Featured Architects. This issue is highlighting retail, restaurant and hospitality and includes some excellent projects from across the country. If you have not already signed up for the Architectural Conference and Product show, the schedule and registration form are available in this issue. This year’s keynote speaker is William Strauss, Economist and Economic Advisor at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago and he will be giving an Economic Outlook with a question and answer session. Given the current tenuous economic environment, I don’t think anyone can afford to miss this! Additionally, there is a full day’s worth of Continuing Education and I think, our best Product Show to date! Since our last issue I was invited by David Brim, Design Licensing Manager for the State of Illinois, to attend a meeting of the Illinois Architecture Licensing Board. On July 20th on behalf of the ALA, I traveled to Springfield, Illinois to attend the board meeting. Also invited and present at the meeting were Scott Veazy,

incoming President of NCARB, Mike Armstrong, NCARB’s new CEO and Jeff Flemming, President AIA Illinois. There was a fantastic discussion over a range of issues mutual to all of the organizations which continued during lunch after the meeting. I look forward to continuing the open dialogue with the Licensing Board, NCARB and AIA. ALA Member Norm Lach, FALA is currently the Illinois Architecture Licensing Board President. And Congratulations to Jim Zahn, FALA who was just recently appointed to a term as an Illinois Architecture Licensing Board Member! Many thanks to Norm and Jim for all your efforts on behalf of our organization and our profession! Lastly, I hope you will take time out from your busy schedules to enjoy a special and relaxing evening aboard Chicago’s New Leading Lady. On September 21, Geoffrey Baer will be the tour guide for ALA members and their guests on a dinner cruise along the Chicago River and lakefront. Don’t miss this rare opportunity! More information is available in this issue and on our website: alatoday.org.

Jeffrey Budgell Jeffrey N. Budgell, FALA, LEED AP President

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

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CODECORNER

by Kelly P. Reynolds ALA Code Consultant

SECRETS THE CODE OFFICIAL WON’T TELL YOU! MOST of the answers to your design questions are in the text of the building code. But what about hidden requirements that are not so prevalent? Here are some examples: ■ QUESTION: What if the code official missed something on the plans? Can he make you change it in the field? Answer: The answer is yes. The code requires that it is the design professional’s responsibility to comply with the code, not the code officials. If something is missed and found later during the project, it must be corrected. There is no waiver for missing a detail or code requirement in the plan review or inspection process. ■ QUESTION: What if the inspector overlooks something in the field that later results in a code problem? Is he liable?

Answer: No, neither he nor the municipality are liable for missing something in the field. The courts have ruled that the building department has "no duty" to ensure that each project has no construction errors (Bosch and Rivers v. City of Hoboken, NJ). The same logic applies in that the police have "no duty" to catch every criminal or the fire department has to prevent every fire. The responsibility is on the designer, not the building department! ■ QUESTION: Isn’t it the code official’s responsibility to guide me during the design process? Answer: Definitely not. Nowhere in the Code does it refer to the code official helping you design the building. Your responsibility is to design it; his is to see if it complies with the code. ■ QUESTION: Is the code official required to tell me if I over design or something isn’t required? Answer: It is the designer’s job to determine the minimum code requirements. Many times there is "over design" because the client wants a particular construction type or esthetic look. For example, panic hardware may be indicated where it is not required by code. It is not the code officials job to advise on minimum design criteria. The code is a minimum in itself. ■ QUESTION: Can I prohibit the building inspector from coming onto my site because he is trespassing? Answer: No. One of the conditions of the building permit is that the inspector has the right to make field inspections at reasonable times (Frey v. Panza). ■ QUESTION: If I have a building permit, doesn’t it become my property? Answer: A building permit is a privilege, not a right. It is the property of the building department not the permit holder, similar to a driver’s license. Conclusion: It is the designer’s responsibility to know what codes have been adopted and the minimum requirements for compliance. Don’t expect the building department to design the project for you.

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LEGALISSUES

DESIGN PROFESSIONAL LIABILITY FOR NEGLIGENT MISREPRESENTATION by Shawn E. Goodman, Sabo & Zahn, Attorneys at Law

enerally, the economic loss doctrine means that a professional design firm has no liability, for purely economic damages, to those with whom it has no contract. The basic policy represented by the economic loss doctrine is that, in the case of economic losses, the dispute ought to be resolved according to the contracts to which the parties agreed, not by way of extra-contractual duties imposed by courts. What exactly are economic damages? They could include lost profits or overhead. They do not include personal injury or physical damage to other property. The Illinois Supreme Court has supplied the following definition: "Economic loss" has been defined as "damages for inadequate value, costs of repair and replacement of the defective product, or consequent loss of profits – without any claim of personal injury or damage to other property * * *" [citation] as well as "the diminution in the value of the product because it is inferior in quality and does not work for the general purposes for which it was manufactured and sold." [Citation.] These definitions are consistent with the policy of warranty law to protect expectations of suitability and quality.1 In that Illinois Supreme Court case, the court held that the economic loss doctrine precluded a negligence action which sought damages including the cost to repair a condominium building. Specifically, the court stated: The present claim . . . is limited to the plaintiff’s theory that the defendant architectural firm was negligent in its design of the structure. As our prior decisions concerning the construction industry fully illustrate, such a claim concerns the quality, rather than the safety, of the building and thus is a matter more appropriately resolved under contract law. [citations omitted] We decline to impose on Mann a duty in tort to protect the unit owners from the sort of loss asserted. The architect’s responsibility originated in its contract with the original owner, and in these circumstances its duties should be measured accordingly. Recovery of the nature requested here essentially seeks damages for a difference in quality. "There is room in the market for goods of varying quality, and if the purchaser buys goods which turn out to be below its expectations, its remedy should be against the person from whom it bought the goods, based upon the contract with that person." One could think of the economic loss rule as aimed at stopping parties from taking advantage of tort law to get around the limitations imposed by contract damages. However, there are two basic exceptions to the rule: fraud and intentional misrepresentation, on the one hand, and negligent misrepresentation by one in the business of supplying information to others. Specifically, negligent misrepresentation is the violation of a duty of care in transmitting to others information upon which they should be expected to rely.2 To prove negligent misrepresentation, the party must prove: duty to communicate accurate information, breach of duty and damages resulting from the (Continued on page 31) 1 2

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2314 Lincoln Park West Condo. v. Mann, 136 Ill. 2d 302, 307, 555 N.E.2d 346, 348 (1990). Cahill v. Eastern Ben. Systs., 236 Ill. App. 3d 517, 521, 603 N.E.2d 788, 792 (1 Dist. 1992).

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011


MEMBERSHIP

Association of Licensed Architects

Join now and become a member of a dynamic growing organization of architects ALA (The Association of Licensed Architects) is an organization open to all architects and professions related to architecture. It represents architects registered or licensed in any state, territory or possession of the United States, and foreign countries. ALA was founded in 1999 by a group of architects who formerly served as Board Members of other Architects’ Associations. Later that year, ALA was joined by ISA (Illinois Society of Architects), the oldest independent state organization in the country, which brought valued expertise and historic significance to the Association. ALA has experienced rapid growth, continues to maintain affordable dues and publishes a professional magazine for its members. ALA’s mission is to advance the Architectural Profession through education and by supporting and improving the profession’s role in the built environment. ALA’s vision is to positively impact the Architectural Profession through the power of organization. Its purpose is to unite, educate, promote, and advance the Architectural Profession and address critical issues confronting it. ALA will support the efforts of other Associations, when combined efforts will produce benefits for all. ALA will work and speak for members of the Architectural Profession and improve communication with the community through programs offering information, education and cooperation. It proposes to advance and contribute to the health, safety and welfare of the general public and believes in stimulating and encouraging continuing education plus the advancement of the art and science of architecture. ALA’s motto is:

“Architects united to advance the Profession of Architecture”

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What ALA can do for YOU!

BENEFITS FOR MEMBERS: Professional, Senior & Emeritus Members. Associate, Student and Honorary Members Same as professional members with the exception of voting privileges and professional designation. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Professional Designation Project Referral Legislative Monitoring Continuing Education Programs at Reduced Rates Quarterly Magazine – “Licensed Architect” Hot Lines: Legal, Code, Insurance, and ADA Short Form Electronic Legal Contracts Membership Wall Certificate Job Posting Mediation Annual Design Awards Program Student Merit Awards IDP Assistance Networking with Affiliate and Professional Members Online Member and Resource Directory Annual Conference and Product Show Logging of ALA Program Hours Volunteer Opportunities Voting Privileges

Affiliate Members • Same as professional members with the exception of voting privileges and professional designation plus . . . • Networking with Professionals • Special Member Rates at Annual Conference and Product Show • Sponsorship Opportunities

Involvement is an Investment in your Future! Share Experiences, Write an Article, Publish Design Work, Serve on a Task Force

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What the Association of Licensed Architects can do for YOU! ALA will provide you with:

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• Information • Education • Research • Networking • Referral Service • Professional Practice Techniques

Reap the Benefits! SUPPORT your PROFESSION!

Please complete the application below and mail with your tax deductible check made out to ALA, 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 For information call 847-382-0630 or E-mail: ALA@alatoday.org Registration is now available on-line at alatoday.org

ALA Membership Application 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 (1) Full Name

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(5) Project types: (6) Number of employees in firm/corporation: (7) Current Membership in other Professional Organizations: (8) Referred by: Make Check payable to ALA (9) ALA Membership Category Applying For: ■ PROFESSIONAL - Licensed architects = $100.00 ■ SENIOR - Licensed retired architect 65 or over = $65.00 ■ AFFILIATE - Industry or related professionals = $150.00 ■ ASSOCIATE - Architecture degree/non-licensed = $65.00 ■ STUDENT - Full time/Architecture Schools = $25.00 ■ International Members (add for postage) ■ Europe = $35.00 ■ Far East = $40.00

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011


INSURANCEINFO

It Doesn’t Add Up by Bob Stanton, CPCU, ARM, RPLU Willis A&E

There have been a number of contracts crossing my desk, containing a clause that on its face does not appear problematic. The clause relates to auditing your project file. This type of clause has been in the contracts for years, but recently the wording has been expanded. The typical expanded clause reads as follows: "Client shall, during the term of this Agreement and for a period of three (3) years. Years following its expiration or termination or Final Payment to Consultant, which ever occurs last, have the right to cause an audit to be made of Consultant’s records relating to the Project for any period covered by this Agreement. Except as hereafter provided, the cost of such an audit shall be paid by the Client. Any such audit performed by a certified public accountant selected by the Client shall be binding upon the parties. If it shall be determined as a result of the audit that there has been an overcharge to Client, then such overcharge shall become immediately due and payable to the Client. If the overcharge is in excess of five percent (5%) of the amount paid by Client for Basic Services, Reimbursable Expenses, Additional Services and/or other charges based upon the Consultant’s records for the period of covered by the audit, Consultant shall also pay the Client for the cost of the audit, plus refund of overcharges. The provisions of this paragraph

(Continued on page 12)

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INSURANCEINFO (Continued from page 11)

shall survive expiration or termination of this Agreement." While there are several aspects to this clause that are difficult for the design professional, it appears more important to start by addressing one basic issue. Once while interviewing a claim auditor for an insurance company, he stated, "Given enough time, I can take the most expertly handled claim file and provide commentary that would suggest the claim handler was incompetent." Taking this concept forward, there is a concern relative to the context within which an auditor is retained. If the Client is running short on money, an audit would seem to be an efficient method to regain some of the costs of the project. Therefore, if clauses like the one noted above are going to be a part of the contract, the Design Professional should be an active party in the audit process. A first major concern is, "who is the auditor?" The average C.P.A. cannot possibly have the knowledge and background to be able to provide professional opinions as to the "reasonability" of charges or time expenditures for specific tasks. Therefore, if there is going to be an auditor retained, the Client and Design Professional should be jointly involved in the interviewing, the qualifications, and ultimately the retention of a mutually acceptable auditor. What is an "overcharge" and how is it determined? This again goes back to the sophistication of the auditor, but also goes a little beyond that as well. There may have to be a degree of subjectivity as to how an overcharge is determined. An overcharge is determined by what context? Like projects in the area? There may be certain expenses with mark-ups. What is reasonable? Unless you are involved in the process, it

may unclear what could constitute a reasonable charge for services provided. Lack of clarity leads to claims. Once the auditor has been retained, there is a second concern. Specifically, what are the auditor’s marching orders? In order to maintain the integrity of an audit, there need to be directives presented to the auditor detailing the intent and objectives of the audit. As long as the audit is a part of the contact provisions, you should have a right to review and address the auditor’s role. After the auditor instructions are finalized, the next thing requiring attention is the flow of communications for discussing and distribution of the audit results. Communication should be between the parties who rely on the audit results, and there should be no separate discussions of either the ongoing aspects or results of the audit. You may be asked to pay for the auditor’s findings. You should have a chance to address concerns raised by the audit before the results are finalized. Third, the Design Professional has completed its design and construction management work. The project has been closed out, and outstanding fees have been paid. However, instead of utilizing those fees for the operation of the business and as investment capital for the pursuit of new business, there will be a need to hold a reserve for three years to address any "overcharges" the auditor "uncovers." This could limit the ability of the design firm to pursue some new projects, not having the liquidity it needs to expend the money necessary to pursue new projects. In these clauses, overcharges are typically "immediately due and payable" to the Client. This would seem problematic from a cash flow

“As tax watchdog groups begin to ramp up their efforts to ensure tax dollars are not being wasted, it is believed we will see more and more of the above-quoted clauses appear in public project policies. It is strongly recommended you make efforts to negotiate the clause out of the contract.”

KELLY P. REYNOLDS & ASSOCIATES, INC. BUILDING CODE CONSULTANTS

NATIONWIDE PHONE 1-(800) 950-CODE (2633) Fax (866) 814-2633 Email: codexperts@aol.com www.codexperts.net Free hot lines (members only)

Corporate Office 337 Shore Dr. Burr Ridge, IL 60527-5821

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

(Continued on page 34)


ADAADVICE

User Friendlier Hotels . . . . Accessibility Requirements by Kimberly Paarlberg, RA; International Code Council his article will focus on a few of the items that are specific to hotels in either the 2010 ADA Standard for Accessible Design (2010 ADA) or within the accessibility scoping provisions of the International Building Code (IBC) and the technical requirements of the ICC A117.1, Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities (ICC A117.1). The scoping in the 2010 ADA refers to hotels and motels as ‘transient lodging.’ The IBC deals with hotels as Group R-1; residential with a stay of less than 30 days. What is unusual for an accessibility standard is that the 2010 ADA has a requirement for hotel rooms that are not required to be Accessible guest rooms. Section 224.1.2 basically states that all doors providing "user passage into and within a guest room" shall have a minimum clear width or 32". There is an exception for doors to shower and sauna doors within the non-accessible guest room. The intent is that if a person that uses a wheelchair, scooter, walker, or any other type of mobility aid is staying in a non-accessible room, they will at least be able to get into the room and the associated bathroom. If rooms are designed to have a communication door, that door must also have a 32" clear width. While IBC, 1008.1.1 would require doors in hotel guest rooms to be a minimum of 32" clear width, the IBC typically talks about means of egress doors, which would not address a communication door. Both the IBC (Table 1107.6.1) and the 2010 ADA (Table 224.2) scope the same number of Accessible guest rooms. Both the IBC and 2010 ADA say to distribute the Accessible guest rooms across types, but 2010 ADA Section 224.5 provides greater detail on what will be considered to determine ‘types.’ The 2010 ADA also goes into the overlap between Accessible guest rooms and rooms with communication features for persons with hearing impairments, requiring one room to have both accommodations, but not an overlap of more than 10 percent. IBC allows for all guest rooms on a site to be added

T

together to determine the number of Accessible guest rooms required. While the 2010 ADA standard is silent, the DOJ regulations (36.406(3)) say that facilities with 50 or fewer guest rooms may be combined, but if a facility has more than 50 guest rooms, each facility must be evaluated separately. This will affect some multi-building complexes. In guest rooms that are suites, where there is more than one bathroom, only one bathroom is required to provide clearances (2010 ADA 806.2.4, ICC A117.1 1002.11.2). If you are used to designing with ICC A117.1 for single occupant bathrooms, the clear floor space required next to the water closet will not be a surprise. The 2010 ADA standard has revised their water closet configurations to require the lavatory to be outside of the clear floor space for the water closet, consistent with ICC A117.1. At the same time, the 2010 ADA standard will allow the door to swing into the room and over the required clear floor space as long as there is a wheelchair space (i.e., 30" x 48") past the swing of the door; again consistent with ICC A117.1. This allows someone to enter the room, close the door, and then maneuver to access the fixtures. IBC (Table 1107.6.1) and the 2010 ADA (Table 224.2) also scope the same number of Accessible guest rooms "with roll-in showers" and "without roll-in showers" in columns 3 and 2 respectively. The 2009 A117.1 now requires all roll-in showers to have permanent seats so that the roll-in shower can also serve as a transfer shower. (This seat requirement is also found in IBC 1107.6.1.1 but was commonly missed.) In addition, because not all showers are designed to minimum size, there are options for providing a built-in permanent bench instead of a fold down seat. Location of the controls has been revised to be consistent with always providing a seat. In addition, the grab bar across from the seat is not required if the stall is 72 inches or longer. Since the ICC A117.1 now requires the roll-in/transfer shower, the interpretation for the table could now include more rooms with the combination showers and should not be considered to prohibit this

“Access to the beds within an Accessible guest room has also been affected by changes to both the building code and the standard.”

(continued on page 14)

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ADAADVICE (continued from page 13)

option. This will provided a higher degree of flexibility for hotel owners when trying to meet customer needs. Of course, accessible bathtubs or transfer showers would still be another option for those rooms. These ICC A117.1 requirements for rollin showers would be considered to provide an equivalent or higher level of accessibility than the 2010 ADA requirements. While space in accessible bathrooms may be tight, for equity, where vanity counter top space is provided in the non-accessible rooms, equivalent counter top space must be provided in the Accessible guest rooms (2010 ADA 806.2.3.1, ICC A117.1 1002.11.2.1).

floor space adjacent to the bed for people who can selftransfer (2010 ADA 806.2.3, ICC A117.1 1002.15.1). Hopefully this article shows that the members of ICC and of the A117.1 committee that approved these changes are continuing to work on improving accessibility for a variety of needs as well as keeping the provisions coordinated with the 2010 ADA Standard for Accessible Design. Providing clear, easy to understand and enforceable provisions in the IBC and the standard will benefit the individuals who need these accessible elements, as well as the designers and code officials that must apply the provisions. As this is a cursory view of hotel accessibility standards, hopefully this article and the topics covered will also encourage you to learn more about these and other changes to the accessibility requirements.

Access to the beds within an Accessible guest room has also been affected by changes to both the building code and the standard. A number of hotels put their beds on platforms instead of feet. ICC A117.1 Section 1002.15.2 is a new requirement for an open bed frame beneath one of the beds. Having an open bed frame can allow a transfer lift, such as a Hoyer-lift, to maneuver adjacent to the bed and have its support legs extend beneath the bed for stability while transferring a person from a wheelchair into the bed. Having an open frame bed is very important in a hotel where travelers may have their own lift and need it to get into the bed. This is addition to the need for a clear

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

For additional information: For the 2010 ADA Standard for Accessible Design, visit either the Department of Justice website at www.ada.gov or contact the ADA technical assistance centers at www.adata.org or 900-949-4232. For questions on the IBC or ICC A117.1, visit the ICC website at www.iccsafe.org. The Code Technologies Committee (CTC) currently has a special study group that will be looking closely at the 2010 ADA Standard for possible coordination items with an eye at proposals for the next code change cycle. Additional information on that activity will be posted at http://www.iccsafe.org/cs/CTC/Pages/default.aspx.■


Introduction to

Featured Architects

pages 16-18, 20-22, 24-26, 28-30


Featured Architect

Hobbs+Black Architects has been providing A/E services for over 45 years and in that time we have completed thousands of projects throughout the United States as well as Internationally. Many of these projects have become iconic structures of the local landscape. Our designs have always focused on delivering a fresh perspective to resolve the unique challenges of our clients. Hobbs+Black has a strong history of providing diversified services to an equally diverse client base consistently meeting and exceeding their expectations. Over 100 professionals provide architectural, engineering, design services and related consulting services from our corporate office in Ann Arbor, MI, and regional offices in Lansing, MI, and Phoenix, AZ. Our team specializes in Healthcare, Hospitality, Retail, Educational, Office, Industrial, Government and Religious facilities. As one of the top 250 largest design firms nationally as reported by ENR Architectural Record 2011, our diversified practice meets design challenges that often require strong creativity and innovation. Our diversity and flexibility make us uniquely qualified to solve complex problems with minimal resources and within stringent time lines. As a full service architecture firm we provide our clients with complete service from study to construction administration.

Majority Restaurant Lansing, MI Majority Restaurant is 5,500 sf 125-seat upscale restaurant located just steps from the State Capitol building in the Capitol View building downtown Lansing, MI. The design promotes a modern urban atmosphere with a twist of the traditional. The upscale setting and private dining room was designed to appeal to the nearby legislative and business population ready to unwind, entertain, and lobby, as well as the casual diners looking for a downtown destination.

Photography: C. Breil

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Featured Architect

BoomTown Kitchen + Tap Brighton, MI BoomTown is a moderately priced 7,050 sf restaurant with seating for 200 and additional bar seating of 25 with outdoor dining for 40. The décor was stylized as "industrial chic" with open ceilings and exposed ductwork. The look was softened with wood millwork and steel accent elements. Hobbs+Black was responsible for the restaurant equipment planning, layout and selection and the interior finish fit out for the space.

Photography: Michael Collyer

City Creek Center Salt Lake City, Utah City Creek Center is one of the largest mixed-use developments in the world encompassing two full city blocks in downtown Salt Lake City Utah. Hobbs+Black was selected as the Architect of Record for the $1.5 Billion development. The mixed-use development houses restaurants, retail, conference, hotel and residential space on the 23 acre site. The core of the site is a "main street" covered by glass retractable roofing. In addition, the project is part of the LEED Neighborhood Development pilot program led by ZGF architects of Portland, OR.

Photography: Hobbs+Black Associates, Inc.

Lodgco Hotel at Central Michigan University Mt. Pleasant, MI The Hobbs+Black design, of the 5 floor 175 room Holiday Inn franchise, creates a visual southern gateway to the Cental Michigan University campus with upgrades of the boulevard entry drive through the green belt off of Mission Street. The design is to be modeled on the Holiday Inn prototype, but incorporates an individual aesthetic expression, sympathetic to the Campus Athletic Complex, as well as the university image. The new complex will also include the provision of 8 new stadium suites, for the university to expand their football facility. The suites would be located above the eastern bleachers, and with additional amenities of the current suites on the west side of the stadium.

Photography: Hobbs+Black Associates, Inc.

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Featured Architect

Fort Shelby Detroit, MI After years of neglect, the abandoned historic Fort Shelby hotel in downtown Detroit, MI underwent a transformation reviving its past glory. Hobbs+Black was selected to provide the necessary architectural services for the historic renovation and adaptive reuse of the 340,000 sf 33-story building. The renovated building consisted of a hotel, conference center and two restaurants on the first 10 floors and the remaining 22 floors were converted into residential apartments meeting HUD standards. The hotel/conference area including the basement is comprised of 243,223 square feet, while the residential area equals 96,754 square feet.

Photography: Doubletree Hotel & Suites

Delta SkyClub Club Detroit Metro Airport (DTW) Delta Airlines SkyClub was recognized as one of the most popular North American frequent flyer programs due to the privacy and convenience provided in their SkyClubs. In 2005, Hobbs+Black was selected for the renovation of the 9,000 square foot SkyClub at Detroit Metro Airport. The project included the demolition of 4,000 square feet of an old WorldClub, which was renovated into shell space for a future tenant.

Photography: Fred Golden

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Featured Architect

Celebrating our 20th year, repeat business and client referrals have contributed greatly to what is now a company which provides professional services for over 300 million dollars of construction annually. Excel Engineering, Inc., was founded in 1991 with a three person staff and has now grown to include nearly 100 professionals and staff. In addition to serving the hospitality, retail and restaurant segments, we also serve faith based, food, health care and industrial clients. Passion for excellence drives everything we do from programming and schematic design through construction administration. Excel possesses the expertise, trend setting design, personalized service, and a deep-seated desire for doing great work. The goal of our design is to exceed the imagination and expectation of our clients. Our clients say we always have a better plan. Our design reflects much more than the architect’s vision. Excel’s projects consider environmental sustainability, making wise use of construction resources, recognizing the financial parameters, and being good stewards of the owner’s resources. Our qualifications include NCARB registrations and LEED accreditation along with registrations in 49 states. Additionally, we are members of the following National Associations: ALA, AIA, NSPE, ICC, USGBC, NFPA, WSPE, AISC, ASCE. We are able to provide fully integrated design solutions with our in-house staff of experts. These services include: • Architecture • Plumbing Design • Surveying

• Planning • HVAC Engineering • Civil Engineering

• Interior Architecture • Electrical Engineering • Process Engineering

• Structural Engineering • Fire Protection Design • Light Gauge Steel Engineering

Employee ownership is the key to Excel’s success. As owners, our employees bring a long-term perspective and a commitment to quality that is unmatched in the industry. This dedication to serving our clients’ interests has led to many long-term relationships in a variety of industries. Our staff views these continuing relationships as having earned the highest of compliments.

US Cellular/Chipotle Retail Center Appleton, WI 8,400 Square Feet Completion Date: 2008 With a prime location near the Fox River Mall, an average retail building would not do. The design of this gateway development focused on creating a building with dominating vertical features to accentuate it’s height and stature. A marquee tower element consisting of sleek metal panel was designed to align with their branding and image. Photography: Maggie Schermerhorn

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Facing College Avenue, Chipotle’s façade was designed to incorporate their unique style while still complimenting the remainder of the building. A larger building was constructed recently continuing this style further into Mall Drive.


Featured Architect

Marriott – Residence Inn Helena, Montana 70,487 Square Feet, 91 Rooms Completion Date: October 2010 As part of their expansion strategy, Jade Management, Inc., wanted to develop a second Helena, Montana location. Using the Residence Inn brand by Marriott, Excel crafted the extended-stay prototype to fit the airport site. New materials and colors, including a rugged stone veneer, were selected to compliment the mountainous surroundings. A highlight of the design is the covered outdoor patio with exterior fireplace for socializing in comfort on brisk summer nights.

Photography: Jason Savage

Photography: Jason Savage

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Featured Architect

Panera Bread/ FedEX, Kinkos West Bend, WI Square Footage: 6,750 Completion Date: 2007 Located on the main thoroughfare in West Bend, this two tenant development takes full advantage of it’s prominent location. The use of color and texture help to bring a lively urban feel to this development. Pedestrian amenities like wide sidewalks, connections to the public sidewalk and an outdoor dining patio make this development easy to navigate as well as inviting. As with any retail development, identity, access, circulation and flexibility are key to it’s success.

Photography: Maggie Schermerhorn

Photography: Christy Brandl

Pro Motor Sports Fond du Lac, WI Photography: Christy Brandl

17,775 Square Feet Completion Date: February 2000 Located off an interstate highway, this new sales and service facility provides for the recreational needs of a large surrounding community in a relaxing, inviting environment. The exterior of the building uses materials that are common to the industry with colors that harmonize with the products. The industrial nature of the interior displays gives a feeling of power and strength, which are the attributes of the products that are sold. Pro Motor Sports has become the destination for many sport enthusiasts in the Fond du Lac area.

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Featured Architect

Chicago White Sox Delaware North Companies Sportservice Founded in 1972, RGLA is a retail design and branding firm providing architecture, interior design, in-store branding and graphic design, program management, space planning, fixture design, and visual merchandising worldwide. For over 39 years, RGLA has cultivated longstanding partnerships with the most reputable retailers designing new and remodeled store environments, as well as shop-in-shop branding concepts that not only complement their brands but are strategically and operationally sound. RGLA has consistently demonstrated its ability to assist clients in the design, implementation and roll-out of store concepts on-time and on-budget given the time constraints that national retailers often face. RGLA has registered architects in 49 states and the District of Columbia, which facilitates their role as an out-source for many of the nation’s leading retailers and has led to several decade old relationships with these key clients. Ranked as one of the Top 20 Retail Design firms in the United States, RGLA has twenty-five employees located at their corporate headquarters in Chicago, Illinois.

The Chicago White Sox flagship store brings the teams and the city to you in this allencompassing sports fan’s shopping experience. Digital information systems strategically positioned throughout the space help to "tell the story of the Chicago White Sox" through merchandise, graphics and technology. A welcoming, easy-toshop atmosphere is established through the mixture of customized fixtures and furniture to showcase collectibles and highlight key memorabilia. A second story overlook from the 100-Level offers an exceptional panorama of the store below and the ballpark beyond. Digital signage with a "fan point of view" is used throughout the space, all centered around an LED digital staircase showcasing a dynamic set of imagery to captivate customers and entice them to browse both levels.

“RGLA serves as the project designer and interior architect; 360 Architecture, (from Kansas City,) is the Architect of Record for the building Shell of the project.”

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Featured Architect

Barneys New York Beverly Hills, CA RGLA partnered with the Barneys New York team to facilitate the remodeling of their 50,000+ square foot Beverly Hills Flagship Store on Wilshire Blvd. The project was phased over a two year period to provide for the relocation and transition of several key departments based upon a strategic plan for sales growth and merchandising enhancements. The first floor was entirely revamped with a focus on key drivers to expand the business. The other floors of the store were also impacted by this extensive remodel project which supported the strategic positioning of new merchandise areas and departmental enhancements.

Courtesy of Barneys New York

Barneys New York – COOP RGLA also worked with the Barneys New York in-house team to develop the Barneys New York COOP concept. The concept design was intended to be an entry point for introducing new customers to the brand. A unique fixturing concept based on core segments that could be used interchangeably was part of the design intent ensuring that no two stores would be exactly the same. Elements of ecotech and found objects were added to give the store pop and personality with a local flavor. The diverse mix of materials along with the addition of attention-grabbing stencils and wall murals helped to create a one-of-a-kind retail environment that is adaptable for rollout as well as evolution. Courtesy of Barneys New York

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Featured Architect

Orvis Sevierville, TN Surrounded by the Smokey Mountains and situated on a hill high above an apple barn, the natural setting complements the Orvis brand effortlessly on this new store. The Sevierville store was designed in harmony with the other structures in the area while embodying the ORVIS lifestyle. The exterior of the store is wrapped in stone and wood to complement the natural setting and the Manchester, VT prototype. The interior boasts a tall atrium, which gives the space the feel of a Tennessee lodge and showers the store with natural light. Courtesy of Orvis

Sodexo – re:sourxe Sodexo, a world leader in Food and Facilities Management Services, engaged RGLA as their design firm partner in developing a unique retail concept within a hospital environment. With Presbyterian St. Luke’s/Rocky Mountain Hospital for Children in Denver committed as the first hospital group to feature the new concept in two locations within the hospital campus, RGLA was tasked to provide complete turnkey solutions from brand identity development, to interior design, architecture, and program management. The re:sourxe brand identity by RGLA was developed around a concept of natural elements for a soothing experiential environment. The colors and materials selected reference the calming influence of water and botanical elements. Natural wood finishes, bamboo influences, and mirrored and mosaic tile combine to create unique and modern backdrop for the product offering.

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Courtesy of Sodexo

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The 13th Annual Chicago Architecture Conference and Product Show Tuesday, October 18th Drury Lane Conference Center Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois ■ ■

Earn 6.0 continuing education credits from experts on a variety of topics Learn about the latest building products and services

You may register online at www.alatoday.org or use the registration form on page 47 October Mark your calendars now for this outstanding all day event for architects, designers, specifiers, engineers, and other building 18th professionals. The conference offers accredited education, networking and an exhibit hall featuring the latest products, technologies, and services.

Featuring educational sessions taught by some of the most respected professionals in the industry including… ■

Keynote: The Economic Outlook for the U.S. and Midwest William Strauss, Senior Economist and Economic Advisor for the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Working Toward Seamless - ADA/IBC Accessibility Guidelines

Getting to Net-Zero Energy with Masonry

Kimberly Paarlberg, International Code Council Brian Trimble, Brick Industry Association ■

What We Need to do to Save our Profession

Court Decisions on Liability and Building Codes

Karen Pitsley, Transforming Architecture Kelly Reynolds, Kelly P. Reynolds and Associates ■

Building Distress…Recognize the Indicators

Curved Surfaces: Modeling and Design

Timothy Schap, Construction Process Solutions, Ltd. Chuck Mears, Radius Track Corporation ■

Nation's 1st LEED Silver Certified Combination Dormitory and Recreation Center Brian Bock, DuKane Precast, Inc. and Mike Hudson, North Central College

Avoiding Big Problems on Small Projects Melissa Roberts, Euclid Insurance and Eric Singer, Ice Miller, LLP

Civil Site Design for Sustainability John Witte, Wills Burke Kelsey Associates and Stacy Snapp, Williams Architects

Taking the Pulse...Insights into Claims Trends Dan Buelow, Tom Harkins and Bob Stanton, Willis A&E

Keys to a Successful BIM Adoption David Webster and Dwane Lindsey, MasterGraphics

Interested in Exhibiting at the Conference? On-line booth registration and exhibit floor plan available at www.alatoday.org or call ALA at 847-382-0630.


Featured Architect

SOOS

ARCHITECTS

Founded in 1993, Soos + Associates professional architectural studio provides the lead role in architecture, design and construction related services for our private and public sector clients across the United States. Services include full range architecture, design, construction administration, site survey and analysis, coordination and design of MEP systems, construction coordination, cost estimates, and representation at zoning hearings. SOOS has worked on behalf of many corporate and private clients who include Avis-Budget, Arby’s, Bang and Olufsen, Dunkin Donuts, Enterprise Rent-A-Car, Five Guys Burgers and Fries, Illinois Department of Employment Security, McDonald’s, Starbucks Coffee Company, Potbelly Sandwich Works, and Walgreens.

McDonalds Corporation: 1993 to present Romeoville, IL Since 1993, SOOS has overseen design and permitting for new stores, extensive remodels and minor alterations for McDonald’s throughout the Midwest. In 2009 Soos was retained by McDonald’s to oversee and insure the integration and completion for this full remodel located in Romeoville, IL. Serving as both the Architect and Construction Manager for this project, SOOS assisted with the opening of this store in eight weeks. Through daily construction coordination and a 24 hour-a-day condensed construction schedule Soos coordinated the replacement and expansion of the drive thru booth, full site upgrades, full demolition of the kitchen, dining room, employee area, entry vestibules and corresponding structural modifications. Services also included cost estimates and obtaining municipal zoning and building code approvals. SOOS has performed architectural services, design guidance and permitting assistance making McDonald’s goals a reality in more than 400 locations. To date the positive customer experience and client feed back for many of these pilot projects has allowed SOOS to continue our commitment of service and support to McDonald’s whom we had the honor to serve for the last 20 years.

SOOS’ culture is unique in that we have extensive experience in restaurant projects and an excellent track record for performing within tough aggressive project schedules. Soos is a turn key solution provider that delivers a wide range of services for a wide range of project types which are not classified by building type, style or size. Our solutions are often the visual platform for launching new opportunities and ventures for our clients. Our talent is comprehensive and integrates planning, architecture, décor and graphic design. SOOS’ experience can be seen throughout all phases of our projects resulting in excellence in the built environment, the result of which is to the clients and publics benefit as dollars are wisely invested and goals achieved. Clients recognize our construction management and design/build services as an opportunity to achieve a seamless, highly unified approach to their projects and one of the best methods to protect and maximize their investment in the built environment. Our philosophy of providing physical environment solutions that exceed client’s goals is evidenced by our long term relationships and years of repeated business with our clients many of which span in excess of 17 year. All Photos by McDonalds

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Featured Architect

Potbelly Sandwich Works Soos & Associates, Inc was retained to provide complete architectural and engineering services to renovate an existing 3700 s.f. bank building to accommodate Potbelly’s new freestanding restaurant with drive thru services. SOOS’ scope of services included documenting and analyzing the existing structure, preparing construction documents, and expediting building permits and zoning approvals. Additional support by SOOS was rendered during the construction phase to assist with coordination of site conditions.

Photography: by Potbelly’s

Red Door Salon 919 N. Michigan Ave, Chicago Soos & Associates, Inc. was retained to provide architectural services for the interior remodel of this existing Michigan Avenue high profile Salon. SOOS assisted Red Door in seamlessly achieving their expansion goals while maintaining a fully operational salon during construction. SOOS provided design, detailing, construction documents, permit expediting and construction administration services throughout the course of the 12 week construction schedule. This project successfully achieved Red Door’s goals of upgrading areas of the existing salon to this modern sophisticated high quality environment. Through the incorporation of superior details and excellence in construction this contemporary salon environment contributes to a successful client experience.

Photos by Red Door Salon

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Featured Architect

Starbucks Coffee Company: 1997 to present Midwest Region

1

Since 1997 Soos & Associates, Inc. has provided consulting services to Starbucks for more than 700 locations. Our firm has provided a full range of architectural and engineering services while maintaining an aggressive delivery schedule (typ. 21 working days). Projects range from ground up new construction to interior remodels; from high rise buildings to suburban strip malls; from new construction to historic buildings. Photo #1 represent prototype concept for internal studio use reflecting modular cost conscious construction solutions for urban settings. Rendering by SOOS

Photo #2, 3, 4 represent freestanding building design incorporated prefab engineered components for expedited construction schedule.

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4

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Photography: Larry Shapiro

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LEGALISSUES (Continued from page 8)

breach. Furthermore, the plaintiff must show actual reliance. doctrine. If that doctrine does not apply, then there is the Importantly, the defendant does not have to actually know that potential for exposure to others beyond the client for economic the statement is false. In the loss. Also, and assuming case of architects and economic loss doctrine "The critical question for businesses in this the engineers, Illinois law applies, it is important to category is whether the information is an understand the exceptions. generally but not universally comes down on the side of Specifically, if the work important part of the product offered. no liability. involves providing These businesses will be deemed to be in information on which If a design professional’s plans are incorporated into a the business of supplying information if the others are entitled to rely, it finished project, then the information furnished along with the non- may be that the insulation plans are usually incidental from liability in tort for informational goods or services is central economic loss is nonto the project and the negligent misrepresentation existent.■ to the business transactions." exception does not apply. In Fireman’s Fund v. SEC Donohue, 176 Ill. 2d 160, 679 N.E.2d 1197 (1997), a Shawn E. Goodman company hired an engineer to prepare drawings for a water SABO & ZAHN, LLC supply system which called for tunneling under a tollway. 401 North Michigan Ave., Suite 2050, Chicago, Illinois 60611 There was a flaw in the design and the tollway had to be (312) 655-8620 • Fax: (312) 655-8622 repaired as a result. Nevertheless, the engineer was not held Website: www.sabozahn.com liable to the plaintiff with whom it had no contract. In reaching Email: sgoodman@sabozahn.com that result, the court referenced an earlier case involving architects, before concluding that, because the engineer’s plans "were incidental to a tangible product," no cause of action for negligent misrepresentation could lie, reasoning that the "accuracy of such plans can be memorialized in contract terms." However, if a design professional is hired "solely to provide information rather than to construct a building or structure," then there may be liability for negligent misrepresentation. Tolan and Son v. KLLM Architects, 308 Ill. App. 3d 18, 21, 719 N.E.2d 288, 291 (1st Dist. 1999). The court in that case specified three different kinds of information providers. The first are "pure" providers: "In these cases, the product is obviously information, whether about the financial market, the housing market, termite infestations, or legal or financial advice." With the second, providers of goods, the "end result of the enterprise is some sort of tangible object." In between the pure information providers and the suppliers of goods and services, respectively, lies the third type which provides both goods or services and information. "The critical question for businesses in this category is whether the information is an important part of the product offered. These businesses will be deemed to be in the business of supplying information if the information furnished along with the non-informational goods or services is central to the business transactions." Importantly "if an architect or engineer is engaged solely to provide information based upon an evaluation and the value of the services lies in its analytical work rather than a tangible end product, it could be considered in the business of supplying information for the guidance of others." When trying to assess the potential risk of exposure to liability, it must first be determined whether the law governing the design professional’s work includes the economic loss LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

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CONTRIBUTEDARTICLE

Avoiding “Tragic” Accidents by Melvin S. Markson, FALA, AIA

ebster defines “Accident” as “occurring unexpectedly and unintentionally by chance”. “Negligence” is defined as “to fail to give proper care or attention to, to ignore, to disregard, to leave undone, failing to do the required thing.” Although most occurrences involving loss of property or lives are called “ACCIDENTS”, they are in fact not “ACCIDENTS” but are caused by the mistake, error, omission or “NEGLIGENCE” of one or more persons! Unfortunately a Forensic Investigator or the Courts will determine which it is. On Aug. 1, 2007, the News Media reported the failure of a major Highway Bridge and the resulting loss of life as a “Tragic Accident”. The collapse, however, was not the result of an “Accident” but was the result of “Negligence” by one or more individuals. After extensive investigation, The National Transportation Safety Board announced that the collapse of the Interstate 35W Bridge in Minneapolis, MN. that killed 13 people, was caused by the failure of steel gusset plates that were too thin to carry the design loads. The gusset plates were one half the required thickness. The Bridge was called “Fracture Critical” or lacking redundancy. The failure of any number of structural elements could cause the entire Bridge to collapse. The original design calculations could not be located, they were probably never checked or re-checked. Restoration work added weight, but it is not clear if the Engineer checked if the bridge had the capacity to support the heavier loads. Many persons could have been in position to find the error or question the original designs, but for some reason we are told THEY DID NOT! Most building or structure failures can be traced to the negligence of one or more persons. When there is no loss of life in the collapse, the Media tend to treat it in a jovial way. Headlines tout the major collapse of a snow laden roof as “Snow for Sale” or the collapse of a large swimming pool glass roof structure as “Sunny Day Inside”. The owner of those buildings is probably facing financial disaster, and it is far from being a humorous matter. Forensic Investigations are sure to find some individual or individuals responsible, and with the blame will go the great financial obligations. Another “Tragic Accident” that could have been avoided! On May 23, 2004 a portion of the roof of TERMINAL 2E collapsed at the Charles De Gaulle Airport in Paris France. It

was an innovative reinforced concrete design. It collapsed not long after its opening, killing 4 people and injuring 3. The Inquiry Experts stated a number of reasons for the collapse. They stated that the original Design had little margin for safety. They also stated that the concrete was not resilient enough and some openings weakened the structure. They claimed that Building Teams worked too close to limits to reduce costs. The Architect denounced the Builder for not correctly preparing the reinforced concrete. The Terminal was re-built using more traditional methods for a cost of about 100 million. It is interesting to note that TERMINAL 3 at Dubai International Airport collapsed while under construction on Sept. 28, 2004. Terminal 3 was designed by the same Architect as the one at Charles De Gaulle Airport. “Tragic accident???” For some unknown reason, persons responsible are seldom held criminally responsible. While criminal charges could be brought in cases of fatalities, there is a reluctance to go into lengthy and costly prosecutions. The failure of a Major Tunnel collapse in Boston resulting in loss of life was settled for $450 million dollars. There will be no criminal charges as part of that settlemen. We will never know if there was negligence of one or more persons. In July 1981, one hundred and fourteen people died and over 200 injured in the collapse of a walkway in the Kansas City Hyatt Hotel. The owner settled most claims quickly out of a sense of duty and responsibility for a reported 140 million dollars not including medical costs and reconstruction costs. The Missouri Licensing Board revoked the license of the Design Engineers. The Board stated, “It wasn’t a matter of doing something wrong, they just never did it at all”. The Missouri Board convicted the responsible Engineers of “Gross Negligence, Misconduct, and Unprofessional Conduct”. All lost their License to practice in Missouri and Texas. It is believed that the Engineers continued to practice in Illinois. The Steel Fabricator had made some changes to the hanger rod connections in the belief that the original design was technically incorrect. A diligent review of the Shop Drawings by the Architect or the Engineer probably could have discovered the changes and prevented the collapse. The Shop Drawings were stamped

“It is much cheaper for the Architect to find his own mistakes than it is for the Forensic Investigator to find them.”

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“Approved” by the Architect and “Reviewed” by the Structural Engineer, but the court determined there was no extensive review by either. They stated that the original design could support only 60% of the design loads per code. The as-built design could support only 30% of the design loads! The Engineers, to the great surprise of most people, were cleared of Criminal Negligence. “IT JUST FELL THROUGH THE CRACKS” is no longer an excuse for “NEGLIGENCE”. After 20 years as a Forensic Architect, we know that the great majority of major problems could be avoided with a diligent Mandatory Quality Control Program in the Architect’s office. The program must include “Checks and Double-Checks. A few hours of checking can often avoid millions of dollars of repair or court costs, and a lot of embarrassment for the Architect. It is much cheaper for the Architect to find his own mistakes than it is for the Forensic Investigator to find them! Most building failures can be traced to a few reasons: A review checklist should include the following: 1. DILIGENTLY CHECK AND RECHECK ALL CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS. All Construction Documents should be thoroughly checked at least once by the Project Architect or a Senior Staff Architect before they are issued.

thousands and will certainly delay the project. Finding the mistake after a collapse could cost millions! 4. SPECIFY THE RIGHT PRODUCT OR SYSTEM FOR THE JOB INTENDED. Every Product or System specified should be verified for the intended performance. Expecting a Product to do a job that the manufacturer never intended is asking for serious trouble. Verify all performance claims. 5. SPECIFY THE CORRECT INSTALLATION PROCEDURES. Follow the procedures specified by the manufacture or the performance may fail and all the warrantees will be voided. 6. DESIGN THE BUILDING TO MEET ALL BUILDING AND ZONING CODES. The fact that a Building Permit has been issued does not necessarily mean that the building meets all Codes. Many Code reviews are cursory and the Architect is RESPONSIBLE to meet the Codes. If there is a disaster, forensic investigators could find the violations and WILL HOLD THE ARCHITECT RESPONSIBLE, especially if a Code violation contributed to the disaster.

“Most building or structure failures can be traced to the negligence of one or more persons.”

2. DETAIL PROPERLY OR COMPLETELY. Details should be accurate and complete, and most important, all complex conditions should be detailed and not left for others to solve. Many failures can be attributed to a lack of Details! NEVER assign ANY of your design responsibilities as an Architect to some other entity, such as a fabricator. 3. DILIGENTLY CHECK ALL SHOP DRAWINGS. The building is actually built from the shop drawings. If the Shop Drawings are incorrect, the building will be incorrect. They are extremely important documents and should be treated so by the Architect. Some Architects believe it is not their responsibility to check the Shop Drawings, most courts will disagree. Since the Architect is the author of the Construction Documents, he is best equipped to interpret that the Shop Drawings are correct. All Shop Drawings, especially Structural, should be reviewed by the Project Architect or a Senior Staff Architect. Never assign this task on these important documents to a young inexperienced intern on staff, who could miss a major mistake. Catching a mistake in the Shop Drawings before fabrication costs almost nothing. Finding the mistake when it is in the field could cost

7. DILIGENTLY OBSERVE THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS. Finally, a diligent observation of the construction process is necessary to verify that the building is being built as it is designed and detailed. Many times there are numerous changes and deviations that were never approved as change orders. These can lead to disasters! Every Client must be made to understand the importance of Field Observation by a knowledgeable Professional to insure that he is getting what he is paying for. Field Observation does not guarantee the accuracy or the quality of the construction but it can identify problems early, and they will be less expensive to correct. It will also help insure the safety of the Structure from potential problems or failures. A few more hours spent in the office checking the Construction Documents can go a long way to preventing a serious “TRAGIC ACCIDENT”. If you have not faced that kind of problem so far, don’t think your luck will last forever. BE DILIGENT ABOUT YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES TO YOUR CLIENT AND THE PUBLIC, CHECK YOUR WORK. Rest assured that you have done your very best to do the right job! ■

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INSURANCEINFO (Continued from page 12)

perspective. As previously noted, will the design firm have to have a cash reserve set aside for unforeseen audit results? Would "immediately due and payable" work on the same time-frame as the Client’s payments to the Design Professional for services performed on the project? What if the amount is excess of the Design Professional’s liquid assets? In this current market where there are difficulties getting loans, it would not appear a bank would be too willing to extend credit or provide a loan so a Design Firm could pay this type of expense. The above clause indicates should the "overcharges" be five percent (5%) or more of the total fees and expenses charged by the Design Professional, payment for the cost of the audit becomes the obligation of the Design Professional. With the advent of Turbo Tax and the other on-line tax preparation software currently on the market, C.P.A.’s are looking for new markets to bring in revenues. Such audits can be very expensive, especially if the auditor is not familiar with the construction and design community. As long as the Design Professional is on the hook for the cost, the auditor will probably be given carte blanche to find overcharges if the Client is the only determiner of the audit parameters and intent. Again, if such a clause is going to be in the contract, the Design Professional should be involved in all aspects of the retention of the auditor. From the insurance perspective, it would be preferred that the clause be stricken in its entirety from the contract. One of the major reasons, aside from those noted above, is the fact that such costs would not be covered by insurance. Under the typical Architects and Engineers Professional Liability Insurance policy, the return of fees does not fall within the

definition of "Damages." Further, the cost of the audit would probably be construed as a cost/exposure assumed under contract, and therefore subject to exclusionary language. Therefore, the Design Professional can be left with a substantial "uninsured" exposure. As tax watchdog groups begin to ramp up their efforts to ensure tax dollars are not being wasted, it is believed we will see more and more of the abovequoted clauses appear in public project policies. It is strongly recommended you make efforts to negotiate the clause out of the contract. What would be the strongest argument against keeping the clause in the contract is the fact the costs and damages would not be covered by professional liability insurance; therefore the clause may hold little financial benefit for the Client. If the clause cannot be stricken from the contract, it is recommended certain changes be made to the clause. Most importantly, the Design Professional should be heavily involved in the interviewing and retention of the auditor. The interview should focus on the experience the auditor has with construction design transactions. There should be no discussions between the Client and the auditor that take place without the Design Professional present. The auditor must be mutually acceptable to both the Client and the Design Professional. The Design Professional should have the right to challenge any findings, and even retain a separate auditor to challenge the auditor’s findings. Of course, the amount being alleged as an overcharge would dictate the economic reasonability of the Designer retained auditor. By executing contracts containing these types of audit requirements, the designer firm is exposing itself to potentially significant exposures. If you are to be asked to assume the liability, you should have some control on how it is ascertained.■

“Any such audit performed by a certified public accountant selected by the Client shall be binding upon the parties.”

MOSHE CALAMARO & ASSOCIATES, INC. structural engineers 930 Pitner Ave., Suite #7, Evanston, IL 60202

847-733-0015 www.moshecal.com • Design of New or existing Buildings’ Modifications • Resolutions of Building Code Violations • Façade, Iron & Porch Inspections • Evaluation of buildings’ Distresses & Accidents • Consultants to Building, Fire & Police Dept’s. • Peer & plan Reviews

Contact us for our feedback on your next project

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

Bob Stanton, CPCU, ARM, RPLU is Senior Claims Consultant at Willis specializing in Risk Management and Claim Advocacy. He has over thirty years experience in claims, with fifteen years focused on handling claims for design professionals. More risk management materials are available on-line at WillisAE.com.


Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education

An Introduction and the Pitfalls of LED Site and Landscape Illumination by Dean MacMorris, Night Light, Inc.

Learning Objectives: After reading this article participants will be able to: 1. Identify the five main light sources available for site and landscape illumination - incandescent, fluorescent, HID (high intensity discharge), LED (light emitting diode) and induction - as well as evaluate which is most appropriate for a given application. 2. Determine the color in degrees Kelvin and CRI (color rendering index) of light that applies to the design parameters of a given situation. 3. Assess how "green" or sustainable the five main light sources are and compare and contrast them to the cost and performance of LED fixtures and lamps available on the market today. 4. Evaluate and rank LED lamp and fixture technology by comparing the AC (alternating current) and DC (direct current) options and applying the energy act of 2005 to site and landscape illumination.

The five main light sources used today are incandescent, fluorescent, HID (high intensity discharge), induction and LED (light emitting diode). The three main types of HID are mercury vapor, metal halide and high-pressure sodium. Incandescent lights are those we all know as the common household and commercial light bulbs, along with quartz halogen. There have been some attempts to ban these, but because they are so popular and there has been much push back - a more efficient incandescent bulb most likely will be developed.

Fluorescent lights are also common household and commercial lights but typically light tubes and CFL’s (compact fluorescent lights). These are more efficient than incandescent lights, but not nearly as efficient and long lasting as the LED. There is also an issue with the disposal of all fluorescents. Example: Fluorescent light Glass envelope/tube Phospor coating Intert gass fill & mercury Visible light UV Light Filament Electrodes Glass support End cap Electrical Contacts (pins)

HID lights are commonly used for commercial and industrial light bulbs and the three main types of HID are mercury vapor, metal halide and high-pressure sodium. In most cases, these types of lights are used for illuminating large areas such as gymnasiums, parking lots, warehouses, signage and large landscape elements, etc.

Shock Absorber Spring Spacer Tabs

Example: Incandescent light

Quartz Arc Tube

Glass envelope/bulb Trimetallic Operating Electrode Filament Electrode wires Support wires

Borosilicate Glass Envelope

Shock Absorber Spring Spacer Tabs

Central support (stern)

Starting Electrode (probe) Rough Service Arc Tube Mount Frame Long Life Resistor Brass Base

Screw base

Example: Mercury Vapor light Base Contact (Continued on page 36)

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

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Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education (Continued from page 35)

Induction lights are limited to commercial and industrial light bulbs and they can be either internal or external induction lamps. Generally, induction lights are effective where there is a need for high intensity and efficiency, however they are not very common.

Light comes in many color ranges. Each type of lamp emits its own color range for which individuals have become accustomed to over the years, positively or negatively. See the chart below for the color ranges in degrees Kelvin for most common lamps along with sunrise, high noon and an overcast sky. Many of the lamps closely mimic natural light colors. LEDs hit the market in a significant way when they were introduced as Christmas lights several years ago. Most all of them were in the 5,500 degree Kelvin range because they were the cheapest to manufacture, most efficient, and bright enough to compete with their incandescent counterparts. Unfortunately, many people were turned off by the bluish color versus the warm white color of incandescent bulbs. To this day, many people think that LEDs only come in the blue color. Although, the cooler color is still available, technology has come a long way towards producing warmer colors that are more pleasing to the general population without sacrificing brightness. Manufacturers are readily producing 3,200 degree (warm white) lamps for wide spread use.

Examples: Induction lights

LED lights are becoming more common commercially and residentially. The technology is changing daily, making them more appealing to a broader market by being brighter, more efficient, and in color ranges closer to what consumers are used to. 5. LENS 6. SEMI CONDUCTOR 7. ANVIL

4. WHISKER 3. HIGH IMPACT PLASTIC

2. (-) NEGATIVE 1. (+) POSITIVE

Example: LED light

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

There’s also what is called the Color Rendering Index, or CRI, which is understood to be a measure of how well light sources render the colors of objects, materials, and skin tones. There is some controversy regarding CRI since the baseline is incandescent lamps which are what most people are used to. Therefore other types of lights score a lower CRI number even though they may actually represent colors, objects, materials and skin tones more accurately. See chart below for those ranges.


Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education Lumen-to-watt ratios are a measure of the efficiency, or more properly, "efficacy" of a light source. Efficacy is easily translated by taking the lumen output of a lamp and dividing by the lamp watts. Since most of the research attention is now being focused on LED, the lumen-to-watt ratio is improving quickly. Because of this, lamps (bulbs) are now being manufactured to retrofit into existing fixtures. Several years ago the technology did not exist to do so. See the chart below for common lumen-to-watt ratios.

Lamp life span is the average time a lamp will function at its potential. The chart below shows the average burning hours of the common types of lamps. As you can see, the LEDs have a much longer lamp life than all the others, excluding induction lamps.

What is an LED? Rather than heating up wires or exciting a gas, an LED emits light by electronic excitation rather than by heat generation. Diodes are electrical valves that allow electrical current to flow in only one direction, similar to a oneway valve in a water pipe. When the valve is "on", electrons move from a region of high electronic density to a region of low electronic density. This movement of electrons is accompanied by the emission of light. The more electrons that pass across the boundary between layers, known as a junction, the brighter the light. To make the semi-conductor wafers, gallium, arsenic, and/or phosphor are first mixed in a chamber and forced into a solution. To keep them from escaping into the pressurized gas in the chamber, they are often covered with a layer of liquid boron oxide. Next, a rod is dipped into the solution and pulled out slowly. The solution cools and crystallizes on the end of the rod as it is lifted out of the chamber forming a long, cylindrical crystal ingot. The ingot is then sliced into wafers. The different semi-conductor materials (called substrates) and impurities result in different colors of light from the LED. The most efficient LEDs, to produce the highest lumen output, are those that are in the 5,500° Kelvin spectrum. Generally, the warmer the color of light (or the lower the degrees Kelvin), the lower the lumen output. For instance a 5,500 degree Kelvin LED lamp will be considerably brighter than a 3,200 degree Kelvin lamp.

Rod Ingot

0

5,000 10,000

20,000

40,000

60,000

80,000

100,000

Baron oxide

Burning Hours

There is a significant range of lighting costs according to the individual site and landscape illumination fixtures. As you can imagine, there are costs ranging from the very inexpensive fixtures to the more expensive high wattage fixtures. Working closely with a lighting professional who is knowledgeable about the value and performance of fixtures can avoid efficiency and budget issues. In the case of LED, new fixtures are being developed that are more efficient, with a higher lumen-to-watt ratio, on a regular basis. The chart below shows the general cost ranges you can expect.

Wafers

Gallium Phosphor Arsenic

LED fixtures are available as AC (alternating current) and DC (direct current) as well as 12 volt and 120 volt. DC LEDs are more efficient, but require drivers to convert AC current to DC current. This process generates heat, which is detrimental to the diodes and can reduce their lifespan. The drivers can be combined in the bulb assembly or separately and remotely. (Continued on page 38)

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Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education (Continued from page 37)

Combining the driver with the lamps creates issues because once the wattage reaches a certain point, the drivers create more heat than the fixture can dissipate. It is common to find replacement LED lamps that fit into a regular light bulb socket that are not nearly as bright as the original bulb they are replacing because the wattage is limited due to heat buildup by the driver. The DC LED lamps are fed with low voltage power and the drivers are typically remotely located. 120-volt power is brought to the driver but does not have to continue onto the fixture. As you can see from the diagram below, the amount of energy needed for direct current is significantly reduced. Much of the excess energy is burned off in the form of heat. Not only is that energy wasted, but in an indoor situation it also taxes the cooling system.

When selecting a fixture you must consider whether the installation is a retrofit or if you’re starting new. These are two very different situations in the marketplace. A retrofit is typically converting an existing lighting system from incandescent, fluorescent or HIV to LED by retrofitting the existing fixtures. The lamp choices are limited due to size constraints of the existing fixture and the need to combine the driver and diodes as mentioned earlier. The second option is installing a completely new LED system. This requires all new fixtures and wiring along with a location for the drivers. The high cost and lack of lumen output of LED retrofit lamps limit the conversion from common lamps to LED. However, this will change as new lamps are developed and the technology changes.

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There are many factors that influence the fixture selection. Some of those are the intensity of light required, the color of light required, the beam spread of the fixtures required, sustainability requirements, and the budgetary requirements. The most obvious LED "green" characteristics are: low to moderate energy usage, moderate to high lamp life, lack of hazardous materials, small to moderate fixture sizes, relatively low maintenance cost, low heat generation and solid-state construction. The technology is changing rapidly in LED lighting and many lighting companies and manufacturers are racing to develop the standard. It seems as though each time a company comes up with a better option, the next company is already working on the next generation! The key elements they are striving for are maximum lumen output for wattage of electricity consumed, variety of color options (warm 2,700-3,200 K, white 3,300-4,200 K & cool 4,3006,000 K), and increased lifespan of the lamp beyond 50,000 hrs. The cost per lamp is decreasing as the technology improves. The law of supply and demand will kick in at a point when the LEDs come more closely aligned with the costs associated with everyday incandescent and fluorescent bulbs. As the improvements are made, all of us benefit. The manufacturers are in a quandary because they cannot afford to manufacture large quantities of a product that may become obsolete very quickly. A large inventory in a warehouse that is no longer marketable is worthless. The cost will remain high until large quantities can be manufactured and sold before changes are made to the design. A pitfall in this scenario is to an uninformed consumer or someone who specifies products; there are so many options on the market that it is easy to make a selection that is inappropriate. It is best to educate yourself on the latest LED technologies or work closely with a lighting professional who stays current on the whirlwind of changes happening regularly. The good news is that LEDs have arrived and they will be here for the foreseeable future. You can be assured that the costs will drop, the efficiencies will improve, and all of us will be better off for it.■

If you are interested in more information or a lunch and learn on this topic please contact Dean MacMorris, Vice President of Night Light, Inc. at dean@nightlightinc.net or 847-627-1111.


Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education

ALA Continuing Education Questionnaire -

An Introduction and the Pitfalls of LED Site and Landscape Illumination Learning Objectives: After reading this article participants will be able to: 1. Identify the five main light sources available for site and landscape illumination – incandescent, fluorescent, HID (high intensity discharge), LED (light emitting diode) and induction - as well as evaluate which is most appropriate for a given application. 2. Determine the color in degrees Kelvin and CRI (color rendering index) of light that applies to the design parameters of a given situation. 3. Assess how "green" or sustainable the five main light sources are and compare and contrast them to the cost and performance of LED fixtures and lamps available on the market today. 4. Evaluate and rank LED lamp and fixture technology by comparing the AC (alternating current) and DC (direct current) options and applying the energy act of 2005 to site and landscape illumination. 2. LED is an acronym for Light Emitting Diode? a. True b. False

Program Title:

An Introduction and the Pitfalls of LED Site and Landscape Illumination ALA/CEP Credit: This article qualifies for 1.0 HSW LU of State Required Learning Units and may qualify for other LU requirements. (Valid through September 2013.) Instructions: • Read the article using the learning objectives provided. • Answer the questions. • Fill in your contact information. • Sign the certification. • Submit questions with answers, contact information and payment to ALA by mail or fax to receive credit.

3. The three main ingredients used when making the semi-conductor wafers are Gallium, Arsenic & Potassium? a. True b. False

1. How is the color of light measured? a. Light Meter b. In degrees Kelvin c. Color spectrum scope

5. DC type LED light fixtures are typically most efficient? a. True b. False

Contact Information:

First Name:

Middle Initial:

■ Please send me a certificate of completion (required by certain states & organizations) that I may submit.

Fax: 847-382-8380 Address: Association of Licensed Architects, 22159 N. Pepper Road, Ste. 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 Attn: ALA/CEP Credit

Address: City:

Expiration Date:

10. The limiting factor of retrofitting existing lighting fixtures to LED is that lamp choices are limited due to the size constraints of the existing fixture and the need to combine the driver and diodes, which limits the lumen output? a. True b. False

Your test will be scored. Those scoring 80% or higher will receive 1 LU HSW Credit.

Firm Name:

Credit Card No:

9. Three main reasons why LED fixtures are more "Green" or Sustainable than most other fixtures? a. They are manufactured close to the point of sale, made of cheaper materials & made in the USA. b. They are Low energy usage, high lamp lifespan & lack hazardous materials. c. They are low maintenance, low heat generation & made from biodegradable plastics.

PAYMENT: ALA/CEP Credit or Certificate of Completion: Cost: $15 (ALA Members) $20 (non-members) ■ Check or ■ Credit Card

Last Name:

Tel.:

8. LED fixtures have both transformers & ballasts? a. True b. False

4. What causes a LED to emit light? a. The gases emit light when they are ignited. b. The glowing of the wires as they heat up. c. Electronic excitation which causes the electrons to move from a region of high electronic density to a region of low electronic density.

6. What type of lamps have the longest lifespan, but have a limited use in the industry? a. LED b. Induction c. HID

QUIZ QUESTIONS

7. Which of these three colors of LED light is the most efficient? a. 3,000 degrees Kelvin b. 4,200 degrees Kelvin c. 5,500 degrees Kelvin

State: E-Mail:

(VISA, MASTERCARD or AMEX)

Zip:

Certification: (Read and sign below) I hereby certify that the above information is true and accurate to the best of my knowledge and that I have complied with the ALA Continuing Education Guidelines for the reported period. Signature:

Date: LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

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ALANEWS

ALA Announces

2011 Student Merit Award Winners he Association of Licensed Architects congratulates the following students for their academic excellence, numerous awards, honors and significant achievements in the schools of architecture. We believe these winners will be assets to the profession of architecture in the future, and continue to excel in their education and future professional pursuits.

T

Kyle Andrew Sturgeon

Karlton Lattimore

University of Michigan

University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee Growing up in Milwaukee, Karlton graduated Salutatorian of his senior class where he attended a MPS school. After participating in the Architecture Summer Camp at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Karlton decided that Architecture would become the basis of his future studies. During his undergraduate studies, Karlton was a McNair Scholar and a George Meyer Scholar. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies and a Minor in Psychology. This fall he will continue his education at Cornell University working towards a Master of Science in Human Environment Relations.

Kyle received his Master of Architecture degree with high distinction. Prior, he received his Bachelor of Science in Architecture with honors from the University of Virginia. Kyle has worked with several Boston-based firms, directed the Boston Architecture College Urban designBUILD program, and is a licensed builder in Massachusetts. His future plans include applying for the SOM Prize with a research proposal based in Singapore, seeking further opportunities in architectural education and administration, and executing collaborations through his design partnership, the Local Lab.

Stacy Morton Illinois Institute of Technology

Allison Schaefer Southern Illinois University

Stacy Morton graduated with a Bachelors of Architecture from Illinois Institute of Technology this year where she was a member of the Student Council, founder of the Student Sustainability Committee, and scholar in the Leadership Academy. She will be attending the Graduate School of Design at Harvard this fall.

Allison finished her senior year in the Architectural Studies program where she excelled scholastically with a cumulative GPA of 3.96/4.00. She was awarded the Graduate Assistant Support Plan Scholarship to attend the University of North Carolina-Charlotte where she will start this fall to pursue a Masters of Architecture degree. She is extremely energetic when at work with Oates Associates gaining valuable IDP experience.

Ryan Cuatchon William Rainey Harper College Ryan Cuatchon lives in a northwest suburb of Chicago. He traveled to Europe for a college study abroad program and to Mexico for two service projects while in high school. He enjoys challenging himself with Sudoku and logic puzzles.

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

Brian Mork Judson University Picture and bio unavailable as Brian is studying abroad in Europe.


Terry Howell University of Notre Dame Terry attends the University of Notre Dame focusing on classical architecture and how it effects design today. He feels fortunate to have spent 8 months in the Rome Studies Program with his peers seeing world architecture first hand. Terry saw a variety of world architecture across 14 countries in 3 continents. He plans to pursue a career in project management upon graduation.

Caroline VanAcker University of Illinois – Urbana/Champaign Caroline enjoyed four rewarding years at the University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, including one spent studying abroad in Versailles, France. After an architectural internship this summer in Illinois, she will be moving east in the fall to start her Master of Architecture degree at Yale University.

Mark Berlinrut University of Illinois - Chicago While earning his B.S. in Architecture, Mark participated in the Department of Urban Speculation (DUS), Fresh Meat, and was a research assistant under Professor Sharon Haar. He will be spending this summer finishing long-term projects for DUS as well as seeking various experiences and internships before applying to graduate schools the following year.

Yahnna Glover Triton College Yahnna finished her studies at Triton College, and will be transferring to the Illinois Institute of Technology in the fall. She is eagerly pursuing a 5 year bachelor of architecture degree. In her spare time she does volunteer work in her community and tutors students in math. She also enjoys reading, yoga, and playing the piano.

Tristan Sopp Washington University Tristan received his Bachelor of Arts degree, with a major in both Architecture and Environmental Studies, as well as a minor in Psychology. He has a strong interest in craft and furniture design. He believes in the permeation of sustainability throughout all aspects of life and not just tacking them on as add-ons to things. Tristan enjoys working with groups of people and understanding how to improve those dynamics. He was the president of Washington University’s Architecture Student Council. Next year he will be working for Beta Theta Pi Fraternity as a Leadership Consultant.

Aaron Detmer University of Illinois – Urbana/Champaign Aaron received his Bachelors and Masters of Architectural Studies from the University of Illinois. In graduate school he was fortunate enough to receive one of two Malcolm Jaseph fellowships. During his second year, he was a teaching assistant for two building construction classes. Aaron is from the St. Louis area, but moved this summer to Indianapolis to start his professional career.

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

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Legal Services for Architects (Referred by ALA Chapter Boards)

Illinois

Minnesota

Helping design professionals find creative, common sense solutions to their legal problems.

Our Continuing Education Providers A listing of all the approved programs is available on our website at www.alatoday.org Please contact ALA Providers to present seminars at your office.

Wisconsin

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

• American Groundwater Trust • American Hardwood Council • Brick Industry Association • CalStar Products, Inc. • Chicago Regional Council of Carpenters • Chicago Roofing Contractors • IMAGINiT Technologies • Kelly P. Reynolds & Associates, Inc. • Passive House Midwest • Professional Products of Kansas • Schuyler, Roche & Crisham, P.C. • The Wood Products Council • Vectorworks


ALANEWS ALA Welcomes New Members - Fall 2011 Honorary Members Mr. Geoffrey Baer Mr. Jerome Salzman, FALA

Chicago IL Northbrook IL

Professional Members Mr. Shaun Anderson, ALA Mr. George Beach, ALA Mr. James Clarage, ALA Mr. Rodolfo Cuasay, ALA Mr. Douglas Gary, ALA Mr. James Gempeler, ALA Mr. Robert Gerometta, ALA Mr. Sean Gibbons, ALA Mr. Christopher Halili, ALA Mr. Jeff Justice, ALA Mr. Richard Lehner, ALA Mr. Andy Leja, ALA Mr. John Leonard, ALA Ms. Megan Lux, ALA Mr. Brian Meade, ALA Mr. Bill Montelbano, ALA Mr. Manfred Moritz, ALA Ms. Linda Nicholls, ALA Mr. Andrew Osvalds, ALA Mr. Kevin Peterson, ALA Mr. Brad Pierce, ALA Mrs. Julie Scott, ALA

Newport KY Oak Park IL Paxton IL Chicago IL Chicago IL Madison WI Chesterton IN Raytown MO Arlington Heights IL Evansville IN Chicago IL Chicago IL Evanston IL Chicago IL Elgin IL Mazomanie WI Hartland WI Wilmette IL Downers Grove IL Naperville IL St. Louis MO Indianapolis IN

Mr. Anthony Sergen, ALA Mr. Jereme Smith, ALA Ms. Jeri Spurling, ALA Mr. Stanley Tigerman, ALA

Chicago IL Prospect Hts. IL Islesford ME Chicago IL

Affiliate Members Mr. Patrick Duffy Jr.

Advanced Building Products, Inc.

Associate Members Mr. Dennis Ehrman Mr. Matthew Harder Mr. James Rodgers Mr. Peter Vargas

Wheaton IL Chicago IL Wheaton IL Westland MI

Affiliate Members Mr. Tom Brann Mr. Peter Schreiber Mr. Mel Drendel

Ozinga Architectural Products Sternberg Lighting Creative Iron Solutions

Students Aaron Detmer Yahnna Glover Terry Howell, Jr. Allison Schaefer Kyle Sturgeon Caroline VanAcker

Saint Rose IL Chicago Heights IL Chicago IL New Athens IL Ann Arbor MI Palatine IL

ALACHAPTERS ALAWISCONSIN Johnson Controls Headquarters Tour On a late Spring evening, Wednesday, June 15th, 25 fellow Association of Licensed Architects from Wisconsin and Illinois joined together for a tour of the Johnson Controls World

parking structure for more than 400 vehicles including space for plug-in hybrids. Johnson Controls is no newcomer to GREEN. On top of more than a century of making buildings energy efficient, a decade ago its Brengel Technology Center was one of the first in the world to achieve LEED Gold-Existing Buildings. The tour was very enlightening and technical, down to the individual environmentally sensor-controlled work cubicles. Following, we had a great dinner/social at the Silver Spring House which featured their "all you can eat" bar-b-que ribs night.

Johnson Controls Headquarter’s Main Building.

Headquarters facilities - a LEED Platinum certified integrated campus in Glendale, Wisconsin. The 33-acre complex includes 306,359 square feet of new and completely renovated office space. Two existing buildings, with a combined 160,000 sq. ft., were renovated for the corporate headquarters, and three new buildings were constructed: a 114,599 sq. ft. Headquarters for its Power Solutions business; a 31,700 sq .ft. building that includes a cafeteria, meeting rooms and fitness center; and a new 4-level

ALA WI tour group.

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

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ALAILLINOIS Chapter Meetings

March Program: Kelly Reynolds, Kelly Reynolds & Assoc. with Alan Bilka of the ICC gave ALA members updates on building and green Codes at the Metropolitan Club in Chicago.

April Program: Speaker Kris Spickler, P.E; Structurlam Products, Ltd. relaxes with Sponsor Cheryl Ciecko, ALA; Woodworks after an entertaining and informative seminar on Heavy Timber Construction.

June Parogram: ALA members enjoyed "Architect & Engineer: Are We all On Board?", presented by Brian Berg Jr. of Berg Engineering Consultants (right) and Sponsor John Dolan, Thermosytems, Inc. held Maggiano’s in Schaumburg.

ALA Chicago Architecture Dinner Cruise

Upcoming Social Media Program:

with Geoffrey Baer

Wednesday, September 21, 2011

"Beyond Social: LinkedIn Strategy to Amplify Your Brand"

6:00 – 9:30 PM

with Jason Seiden

Wednesday, September 27

Mission Hills Country Club, Northbrook, IL Dinner presentation from 5:30 – 8:30. Earn 1.5 LU.

Join ALA for a fabulous evening aboard Chicago’s New Leading Lady for an Architecture Dinner Cruise. Geoffrey Baer, producer and host of WTTW11 and Chicago Architecture Foundation docent, will be our Tour Guide for the evening.

Reserve early - Seats limited! $80.00 per person • Cash bar Registration and more information are available online at www.alatoday.org.

Questions? Call us at 847-382-0630

Attendees will gain a strategic perspective on how social media impacts communication and becomes an important business development tool. Jason Seiden, co-founder of Ajax Social Media, will take us inside the world of social media and show us the steps needed to create a dynamic LinkedIn profile to make meaningful connections. Members $35, Non-members $45.

Supporting Sponsor:

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Event Sponsors:

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

Online registration is available at alatoday.org or call the ALA office at 847-382-0630 to reserve your space.


2011 13th Annual Chicago Architecture Conference and Product Show

Conference Exhibitors (as of 8/19/11)

Access Elevator Advanced Building Products Airfloor, Inc. Alcoa Amerimix Ameristar Fence Products Andersen Windows, Inc. ARC Imaging Resources Architectural Products Boise Cascade Engineered Wood Products

Tuesday, October 18 Drury Lane Conference Center Oakbrook Terrace • Illinois • 60181

6.0 Learning Units 12 CEU Seminars 70+ Exhibitors KEYNOTE ADDRESS

“The Economic Outlook for the U.S. and Midwest”

Chicago Regional Council of Carpenters Cook County Lumber Cornell Communications County Materials Corporation CPI Daylighting, Inc. Hamill-Mullan Group HB Fuller Hollaender Manufacturing Holzkraft Custom Doors, LLC IKO Illinois Brick Company IMAGINiT Technologies Ingersoll Rand Security Technologies InPro Corporation J.N. Lucas & Associates, Inc. Kone, Inc. Long Creek Timber Framers, Inc. M.G. Welbel & Associates Major Industries, Inc. Marvin Windows and Doors MasterGraphics

Mats, Inc. Metal Design Systems/Arcspec Metropolitan Architectural Brick, Inc. Northfield-Bend Océ North America, Inc. Ozinga Architectural Products Packaged Concrete, Inc. Passive House Alliance Chicago Pella Windows PerMar, Ltd. Pilkington North America Pittco Architectural Metals, Inc. Pittsburgh Corning-Foamglas Building PPG Industries Rauch Clay Sales Corporation Scranton Products Shaffner Heany Associates Sherwin Williams Sika Sarnafil Sternberg Lighting, Inc. Tapco International Tate Access Floors Terrazzo & Marble Supply Companies To The Top Home Elevators USG Water Furnace International Weyerhaeuser / iLevel Willis HRH Wojan Window & Door Corp. WoodWorks

by William Strauss, Senior Economist and Economic Advisor for the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

- Totes Sponsor -

- Lanyards Sponsor -

Sponsored by Association of Licensed Architects

For Seminar Descriptions and Presenter Bios, go to www.alatoday.org LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

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2011 Chicago Architecture Conference & Product Show Keynote 7:45 AM - 9:15 AM

Keynote Address

THE ECONOMIC OUTLOOK FOR THE U.S. AND MIDWEST by William Strauss, Senior Economist and Economic Advisor for the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago This seminar promises to be a dynamic discussion on the economy of where we have been, where we are, and where we are going. From the “Great Recession” of 2008 and 2009, Mr. Strauss will explain business cycles, factors influencing inflation, current conditions and the outlook for manufacturing and construction. He will look at the performance of the overall macro and regional economy with specific attention paid to key economic sectors and indicators. A Q&A session will follow. 1.5 LU

SESSION III 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM

SESSION II 1:15 PM - 2:45 PM

SESSION I 10:30 AM - 12:00 Noon

OAK 1

OAK II

VENETIAN I

A1 - GETTING TO NET-ZERO ENERGY WITH MASONRY

B1 - WORKING TOWARD SEAMLESS ADA/IBC ACCESSIBLITY GUIDELINES

C1 - 1ST LEED SILVER DORM & RECREATION CENTER

Brian Trimble, PE, LEED AP; Brick Industry Association

Kim Paarlberg, International Code Council

Brian Bock; Dukane Precast, Inc. and Mike Hudson; North Central College

This seminar is a good collection of all the information about net-zero energy buildings in an easy to use format. An expert on masonry and energy analysis will provide methods to reduce your building's energy use including passive cooling and thermal mass. Case studies will show insulating techniques of various masonry wall assemblies including areas that are thermal bridges.

The new federal accessibility requirements, the 2010 ADA Standard for Accessible Design, will be mandatory after March 15, 2012. Architects and contractors have struggled with the differences between the 1994 ADAAG and the building code for years. This program will identify the most significant difference between the 2010 ADA Standard and the IBC, plus the applicability of design, plan review and inspection requirements.

1.5 LU/HSW/SD

1.5 LU/HSW

A2 - CIVIL SITE DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABILITY

B2 - WORKING TOWARD SEAMLESS C2 - COURT DECISIONS ON ADA/IBC ACCESSIBLITY GUIDELINES LIABILITY & BUILDING CODES

John Witte, PE; Wills Burke Kelsey Assoc., Ltd. and Stacy Snapp, LEED AP BD+C; Williams Architects

Kim Paarlberg; International Code Council

A 200,000 square foot complex on an Illinois college campus serving a dual purpose is the first LEED-Silver building of its type in the country. Key features include total precast components with a unique double-finish, geothermal & radiant heating systems, hybrid underground storm water tanks and extensive use of recycled materials. Construction costs and actual in-service operational costs will be shared. 1.5 LU/HSW/SD

Kelly Reynolds; Kelly P. Reynolds & Assoc., Inc.

This seminar outlines the techniques in designing your site for sustainability, specifically site planning and stormwater management. The presenters will discuss best management practices for site development including permeable pavers, pervious concrete, rain gardens, wetland basins, and incorporate building architecture into the site design for a holistic approach.

The new federal accessibility requirements, the 2010 ADA Standard for Accessible Design, will be mandatory after March 15, 2012. Architects and contractors have struggled with the differences between the 1994 ADAAG and the building code for years. This program will identify the most significant difference between the 2010 ADA Standard and the IBC, plus the applicability of design, plan review and inspection requirements.

1.5 LU/HSW/SD

1.5 LU/HSW

1.5 LU/HSW

A3 - BUILDING DISTRESS: RECOGNIZE THE INDICATORS

B3 - TAKING THE PULSE: INSIGHTS ON CLAIMS TRENDS

C3 - WHAT WE NEED TO DO TO SAVE OUR PROFESSION

Timothy Schap, AIA; Construction Process Solutions, Ltd.

Dan Buelow, Tom Harkins, and Bob Stanton; Willis A&E

Karen Pitsley, AIA; Transforming Architecture

Building defects are a growing concern in the industry. Ideally, potential defects are identified prior to construction or remedied in the field prior to occupancy. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. Come see the consequences of bad design, poor construction, and lack of maintenance to a building envelope. Presenter will also share his facade restoration experiences.

This seminar will take a look at current claim trends in the design/construction market. We will review trends based on project types and design disciplines. Presenters will discuss methods to attack the potential of having a claim asserted against your firm, and the role of the design professional in avoiding these issues and ensuring the public safety.

1.5 LU/HSW

1.5 LU/HSW

Kelly will review recent court decisions that effect design professionals. This lively discussion will cover liability, the board of appeals process and unlawful code enforcement. Attendees will gain an understanding of the intent and rationale of building codes vs. court decisions and the impact on the design professional.

Does architecture have a future and what does it look like? Karen will lead a group discussion on how to educate the public on the value of an architects' services, should a stamp be required on all projects requiring a permit, and how can we start selling our services as the intellectual property they are, instead of the commodity they are perceived?

1.5 LU

This Architecture Conference and Product Show applies environmentally conscious meeting principles. Presenter bios and learning objectives are available online at: www.alatoday.org.

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011


Registration Form

Tuesday, October 18, 2011 Please print

Schedule at a Glance 7:00 am – 7:45 am: 7:45 am – 9:15 am: 9:15 am – 4:00 pm: 10:30 am – 12:00 Noon: 12:00 Noon – 1:15 pm 1:15 pm – 2:45 pm 3:30 pm – 5:00 pm

Registration/Continental Breakfast Keynote Address Product Show Seminar Session 1 Lunch Seminar Session 2 Seminar Session 3

VENETIAN II

Full Name (Badge name)

Company

Address

City

State

Phone

Zip Code

E-mail (for confirmation)

Check box for each event you plan to attend (only one seminar per time period)

D1 - CURVED SURFACES: MODELING AND DESIGN Chuck Mears, CEO; Radius Track Co.

■ Keynote Address: 7:45 AM - 9:15 AM

This course will inform the designer on basic and advanced curves and surfaces. We will cover the different techniques that are useful for understanding and designing curved surfaces. Attendees will also discover methods available to bring 2D plans into 3D state to better communicate and improve visual communication with clients. This seminar comes highly recommended by the ALA Minnesota Chapter.

“The Economic Outlook for the U.S. and Midwest” Session I: 10:30 AM – 12:00 Noon

■ A1 ■ B1 ■ C1 ■ D1

-

Getting to Net-Zero Energy with Masonry Working Toward Seamless ADA/IBC Accessiblity Guidelines 1st LEED Silver Dorm & Recreation Center Curved Surfaces: Modeling and Design

Session II: 1:15 PM - 2:45 PM

1.5 LU/HSW

■ A2 ■ B2 ■ C2 ■ D2

D2 - AVOIDING BIG PROBLEMS ON SMALL PROJECTS Melissa Roberts; Euclid Insurance and Eric Singer; Ice Miller LLP.

-

Civil Site Design for Sustainability Working Toward Seamless ADA/IBC Accessiblity Guidelines Court Decisions on Liability & Building Codes Avoiding BIG Problems on Small Projects

Session III: 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM

Once friendly clients now battle shrinking budgets. But smaller projects do not necessarily mean smaller claims. This presentation reviews risk management, legal and insurance concerns on topics including client selection, scaling back contracts to handshakes, working without consultants, and risks from hiring temporary staff.

■ A3 ■ B3 ■ C3 ■ D3

-

Building Distress: Recognize the Indicators Taking the Pulse: Insights on Claims Trends What We Need to Do to Save Our Profession Keys to a Successful BIM Adoption

REGISTRATION: Please select ONLY ONE package below $

Complete Package (Includes morning and afternoon seminars, keynote, product show, continental breakfast and buffet lunch. After Oct. 11 Before Oct. 11 ■ Member: ■ ALA ■ CSI-Chicago/NI $125 $140 ■ Non - Member $150 $170 ■ Student $55 $70

$

Product Show Only Packages Before Oct. 11 After Oct. 11 ■ Product Show FREE FREE ■ Product Show & Buffet Lunch $25 $25 Return Form and Payment to ALA • 22159 N. Pepper Rd., Ste. 2N • Barrington, IL 60010 or Fax to 847-382-8380

1.5 LU

D3 - KEYS TO A SUCCESSFUL BIM ADOPTION David Webster and Dwane Lindsey; MasterGraphics, Inc.

This interactive seminar will be packed with best practices and tips for successfully planning and implementing a Building Information Modeling process. Whether you are considering BIM adoption or you are well on your way, there will be useful information as industry experts share their BIM consulting experiences.

■ Pay by Credit Card Credit Card # 1.5 LU

■ Check Enclosed Exp. Date

Register Online: www.ALAtoday.org CANCELLATIONS: Cancellations must be received before 5 PM, October 11, 2011. "No Shows" are responsible for applicable fees, and will be billed if not pre-paid. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 15 NO. 3 • FALL 2011

47


ALA 22159 N. Pepper Rd., Suite 2N Barrington, IL 60010

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Profile for Lisa Brooks

Fall 2011  

Professional magazine for architects

Fall 2011  

Professional magazine for architects

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