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Association of Licensed Architects

What’s Inside:

t c e t i h c r A d e s iL cen

2009 Design Award Winners ■ How To Be A Successful Code Consultant ■ Tax Information Architects Should Know ■ Equal Access to Housing How are we moving forward? ■ The Time Crunch “Time is of the Essence” ■

$6.00 Volume 13, No. 4 Winter 2009


Exteriors That Last!

Traditional stucco or exterior insulation and finish systems. Either way, you need qualified plasterers to be sure the job is installed correctly. Our highly trained plasterers know how to wrap openings, Identify correctly flashed windows and doors, and prepare surfaces for proper caulking to ensure the integrity of any stucco or EIFS system.

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 13 NO. 4 • WINTER 2009

For information about exterior systems and the right professionals to install them, call us.

Chicago Plastering Institute 5611 West 120th Street Alsip, IL 60803 Ph. (708) 371-3100 Fax (708) 371-8290


ALATHEPRESIDENT’SLETTER

December 2009

Dear Readers, Congratulations to all the 2009 Design Awards winners! The architecturally significant Medinah Country Club was again the location for the ALA Awards Banquet emceed by Geoffrey Baer of WTTW, Channel 11 in Chicago. His architectural knowledge came through as he described the 25 winning projects and recognized the firms and designers. 2009 was another good year for ALA, even during trying times. Our Architectural Conference in October was very successful and we continue to get many new members. The latest push on chapter development has us venturing to Florida while our five other chapters continue to expand their influence.

tool for all our members providing not only editable versions of our contracts, but many other member benefits: webinars for continuing education credits, ALA membership information, program registration, chapter news and other valuable information. We look forward to seeing as many of you as possible at our numerous events in 2010. Remember that non-members are welcome and encouraged to participate too. On behalf of ALA, our chapters, officers, directors, and staff, I want to wish everyone a happy holiday season and a prosperous new year. Sincerely

Our technology committee has worked tirelessly to bring us a new website that will go live in January of 2010. That means our popular short form contracts will be available electronically. ALAToday.org will be a useful

Steven H. Pate, FALA President

ARTICLES 5

Tax Information Architects Should Know A must for all practicing architects and their accountants. By Jim Zahn

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Equal Access to Housing - How are we moving forward? Housing for persons with mobility impairments is on the rise. By Kimberly Paarlberg

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The Time Crunch A discussion of timeliness in the performance of professional services. By Robert Stanton

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2009 ALA Design Awards Of the 86 entries see the 13 winning projects.

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Continuing Education: The Benefits of Daylighting Learn the benefits of incorporating smart daylighting strategies. By Cara Clinton

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2009 Architecture Conference and Product Show The 2009 Conference . . . an overwhelming success!

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Building Green in a Blue Economy Learn about the “green discussion” through cost engineering analysis. By Phil Waier, P.E., LEED AP, Principal Engineer with RSMeans LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 13 NO. 4 • WINTER 2009

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PUBLISHER’S INFO

OUR REGULAR FEATURES

PUBLISHER ALA, Inc.

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ADA Advice

40

ALA Chapters

17

ALA Design Awards Program

44

Architecture Conference and Product Show

36

Code Corner

32

Continuing Education Article

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Contributed Article

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Insurance Info

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Legal Services for Architects

5

Legal Issues

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Membership

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New Members

BOARD OF DIRECTORS Steven H. Pate, FALA - President James K. Zahn, Esq., FALA, Vice President Mark Van Spann, FALA - Secretary Patrick C. Harris, FALA - Treasurer Peg McLean, Exec. Director

DIRECTORS: James J. Belli, FALA Richard Brownlee, ALA Jeff Budgell, ALA Tom Harkins (Affiliate) Doug Gallus, FALA (Chapter Delegate) Rick Gilmore, FALA Jeff Whyte, ALA Horatiu Wolff, FALA (Illinois Delegate)

EDITORS Lisa Brooks Robert Davidson, FALA Patrick C. Harris, FALA Steven H. Pate, FALA

ADVERTISING SALES & PRODUCTION MANAGER Peg McLean

GRAPHIC DESIGN/MAGAZINE Midwest Type and Imaging ALA, Inc. serves the architectural profession. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form without the express written consent of the publisher. Published in the U.S.A.,© 2009 by ALA, Inc. All rights reserved. Opinions expressed in articles are not necessarily those of ALA, Inc. Any reference to a product or service is not to be construed as an endorsement of same. Advertising published in Licensed Architect does not constitute nor imply an endorsement or recommendation of the advertiser’s products by ALA, Inc., or any of its members. ALA reserves the right to review all advertising for acceptability.

- Advertisers Thank you to our Advertisers - they make this magazine possible A & E Group of Willis HRH Active Foam Specialists Berg Engineering Consultants, Ltd. CPI Daylighting Carlile Patchen & Murphy LLP Chicago Block & Brick Chicago Plastering Institute Chicagoland Roofing Council Coleman, Hull & van Vliet, PLLP Crivello, Carlson, S.C.

41 36 40 7 37 15 2 43 37 37

Hill Mechanical Group 13 Kelly P. Reynolds & Associates, Inc. 38 Masonry Advisory Council 31 Master Graphics 16 Northfield-Bend Company Back Cover SABO & ZAHN 37 Schuyler Roche Crisham 37 Spancrete 42 Tee Jay Service Company 10 Vertex Graphics, Inc. 30

For advertising, or membership information, call or write Peg McLean at:

Moving? ALA, 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 Phone: (847) 382-0630; Fax: (847) 382-8380; E-mail: ALA@licensedarchitect.org

Please let us know if you have an address correction, wish to submit news items, press releases, or an article, write to:

Web Site: www.licensedarchitect.org

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Peg McLean at ALA 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 Phone: (847) 382-0630 • Fax: (847) 382-8380 E-mail: ALA@licensedarchitect.org


LEGALISSUES

Tax Information Architects Should Know by James K. Zahn, Esq., FALA, FAIA

This article is timely, now that December 31, 2009 is near, and we all are looking forward to paying our Federal Income Taxes. Recently, I received a call from my accountant. She called to inquire if I have ever had one of my architect clients attempt to receive a § 179D Deduction for Energy Efficient Commercial Buildings granted under Title 26 of the US Federal Regulations (fondly known as the "IRS Tax Code"). I was unaware of this particular section of the Code until her call, as none of my clients have ever asked about it or brought it to my attention. According to the US Government Printing Office, the IRS Tax Code is 13,458 pages long, and is contained in twenty volumes available for purchase at only $974, plus shipping and handling. Section 179D is a very small provision buried within a voluminous document and can easily be missed. I looked up § 179D on the internet and was astounded by what I found. This particular section of the tax code is a must read for all practicing architects and their accountants! As you know, our legislators use the tax code to encourage certain outcomes. One of the current hot issues is energy conservation. If less energy is consumed, less pollution takes place in creating less energy, people save money, and the environment is saved as a result. Therefore, the government is encouraging both public and private commercial building owners to provide for energy efficiency in their buildings. Many private building owners and their accountants are already familiar with § 179D, which accelerates the deduction for energy improvements. Many are not aware of this benefit, but should be.

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LEGALISSUES (Continued from page 5)

This article will concentrate on publicly owned commercial buildings, because that’s where the architect is really in a position to greatly benefit from this unusual regulation. Since public building owners do not pay income taxes, the deduction is of no benefit to them. In an unusual twist, § 179D, section 3, allows for the energy efficiency deduction to be allocated by the tax exempt public owner to the designer, in our case the architect, who then can use the deduction to lower, or in some cases entirely eliminate, his/her taxable income. Yes, you read this correctly! The architect can lower, or possibly entirely eliminate, his/her taxable income, because of the deduction, if the building meets certain stated energy efficiencies defined in the Code. Basically, the § 179D deduction is equal to the cost of the energy efficient property up to a cap of $1.80/sq. ft. of building area. Section 3 of § 179D has been amended and reads as follows:

.04 Form of Allocation. An allocation of the § 179D deduction to the designer of a government-owned building must be in writing and will be treated as satisfying the requirements of this section with respect to energy efficient commercial building property (or partially qualifying commercial building property for which a deduction is allowed under § 179D) if the allocation contains all of the following: (1) The name, address, and telephone number of an authorized representative of the owner of the government-owned building; (2) The name, address, and telephone number of an authorized representative of the designer receiving the allocation of the § 179D deduction; (3) The address of the government-owned building on or in which the property is installed; (4) The cost of the property; (5) The date the property is placed in service;

Section 3. SPECIAL RULE FOR GOVERNMENT-OWNED BUILDINGS .01 In General. In the case of energy efficient commercial building property (or partially qualifying commercial building property for which a deduction is allowed under § 179D) that is installed on or in property owned by a Federal, State, or local government or a political subdivision thereof, the owner of the property may allocate the § 179D deduction to the person primarily responsible for designing the property (the designer). If the allocation of a § 179D deduction to a designer satisfies the requirements of this section, the deduction will be allowed only to that designer. The deduction will be allowed to the designer for the taxable year that included the date on which the property is placed in service. .02 Designer of Government-Owned Buildings. A designer is a person that creates the technical specifications for installation of energy efficient commercial building property (or partially qualifying commercial building property for which a deduction is allowed under § 179D). A designer may include, for example, an architect, engineer, contractor, environmental consultant or energy serviced provider who creates the technical specifications for a new building or an addition to an existing building that incorporates energy efficient commercial building property (or partially qualifying commercial building property for which a deduction is allowed under § 179D). A persona that merely installs, repairs, or maintains the property is not a designer. .03 Allocation of the Deduction. If more than one designer is responsible for creating the technical specifications for installation of energy efficient commercial building property (or partially qualifying commercial building property for which a deduction is allowed under § 179D) on or in a government-owned building, the owner of the building shall... (1) determine which designer is primarily responsible and allocate the full deduction to that designer, or (2) at the owner’s discretion, allocate the deduction among several designers.

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(6) The amount of the § 179D deduction allocated to the designer; (7) The signature of the authorized representatives of both the owner of the government-owned building and the designer or the designer’s authorized representative; and (8) A declaration, applicable to the allocation and any accompanying documents, signed by the authorized representative of the owner of the government-owned building, in the following form: "Under penalties of perjury, I declare that I have examined this allocation, including accompanying documents, and to the best of my knowledge and belief, the facts presented in support of this allocation are true, correct, and complete." .05 Obligations of Designer. Before a designer may claim the § 179D deduction with respect to property installed on or in a government-owned building, the designer must obtain the written allocation described in section 3.04. A designer is not required to attach the allocation to the return on which the deduction is taken. However, § 1.6001-1(a) of the Income Tax Regulations requires that taxpayers maintain such books and records as are sufficient to establish the entitlement to, and amount of, any deduction claimed by the taxpayer. Accordingly, a designer claiming a deduction under § 179D should retain the allocation as part of the taxpayer’s records for purposes of § 1.6001-1(a) of the Income Tax Regulations. .06 Tax Consequences to Designer of Government-Owned Buildings. The maximum amount of the § 179D deduction to be allocated to the designer is the amount of the costs incurred by the owner of the government-owned building to place the energy efficient commercial building property in service. A partial deduction may be allocated and computed in accordance with the procedures set forth in sections 2 and 3 of Notice 2006-52. The designer does not include any amount in income on account of the § 179D deduction allocated to the designer. In addition, the designer is not required to reduce future deductions by an amount equal to the § 179D deduction allocated to the designer. Although reducing future deductions in this manner would provide


LEGALISSUES

equivalent treatment for designers that are allocated a § 179D deduction and building owners that are required to reduce the basis of their energy efficient commercial building property by the amount of the § 179D deduction they claim, § 179D does not provide for any reduction other than reductions to the basis of the energy efficient commercial building property. .07 Tax Consequences to Owner of Public Building. The owner of the public building is not required to include any amount in income on account of the § 179D deduction allocated to the designer. The owner of the public building is, however, required to reduce the basis of the energy efficient commercial building property (or partially qualifying commercial building property) by the amount of the § 179D deduction allocated. . . . The amount deductible under section 179D may be as much as $1.80 per square foot of building floor area for buildings that achieve a 50-percent reduction in energy and power costs. Notice 2006-52 provides that buildings that achieve a reduction in energy and power costs of less than 50-percent may, nevertheless, qualify for a deduction of 60 cents per square foot of building floor area if the building achieves a reduction in energy and power costs of 16-2/3 percent. Internal Revenue Bulletin: 2008-14 April 7, 2008 Notice 2008-40

I believe that it would be very prudent to discuss § 179D with your account or tax lawyer, as to how this section applies to publicly owned commercial building projects that you have designed. Hopefully, you may find that as the architect for the project, you are entitled to receive a substantial deduction from your own taxable income. This is a tax deduction, not a tax credit. You never know, this information just might make your fiscal year a little better, and you a lot happier! Call your accountant before you send in your tax return for 2009. Please let me know if you have had success in obtaining this benefit in the past. This is a relatively new statute and apparently not too well known. I can forward any comments you may have to all of our readers in future articles. James K. Zahn, FALA, Esq. SABO & ZAHN Attorneys at Law 401 North Michigan Avenue Suite 2050 Chicago, Illinois Phone: (312) 655-8620 • Fax: (312) 655-8622 Website: www.sabozahn.com • Email: jzahn@sabozahn.com Note: The preceding article is not legal or accounting advice and should not be relied upon. It is merely the author’s opinion. It is highly recommended that you consult with your own attorney and accountant regarding any IRS Tax Code issues.

Amplification of Notice 2008-52; Deduction for Energy Efficient Commercial Buildings Assume that the public owner allocates the energy deduction to the architect. The maximum deduction allowed under other provisions of § 179D is divided into three groupings as follows: (1) $0.60 per square foot for an energy efficient building envelope; plus (2) $0.60 per square foot for an energy efficient interior lighting system; plus (3) $0.60 per square foot for an energy efficient heating, cooling, ventilation & hot water system; for a total maximum deduction of $1.80 per square foot of building area. As an example, a 200,000 square foot building times $1.80 per square foot equals a total maximum deduction of $360,000. Assume the architect’s taxable income for the year in which the building was placed into service was $250,000, before the allocated energy deduction. The calculated $360,000 energy deduction would eliminate all taxable income for that year, and provide the architect with a carry-over energy deduction in the amount of $110,000 to offset the architect’s taxable income for the next tax year. The law also allows a loss carry-back for three consecutive tax years, or you can elect to carry it forward until it is used or for a maximum of 20 years. As you can see, this is a very powerful and beneficial provision of the tax code. It is the only provision that I am aware of that provides the non-building owner, the architect, a financial tax benefit for the architect’s design of an energy efficient commercial building. There are other requirements that must also be met in order to obtain this tremendous benefit. Unfortunately, due to restriction on the length of this article, they will be addressed in future articles. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 13 NO. 4 • WINTER 2009

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ADAADVICE

Equal Access to Housing – How By: Kimberly Paarlberg, ICC Senior Staff Architect, Codes and Standards Accessibility to persons with disabilities for housing is severely needed. Here are a couple of reasons why. According to the 2007 American Community Survey, there are 41.2 million people who have some level of disability. They represent 15 percent of the civilian non-institutionalized population 5 and older. By age -• 6 percent of children 5 to 15 have disabilities. • 12 percent of people 16 to 64 have disabilities. • 41 percent of adults 65 and older have disabilities. Thanks to the baby boomers starting to reach retirement, the population over 65 years of age is the fastest growing group in the United States. As the general population ages, the need for housing for persons with mobility impairments will continue to increase. Olmstead v. L.C., 527 U.S. 581 (1999), is a United States Supreme Court case regarding discrimination of people with disabilities. The plaintiffs were two women who had diagnoses of mental retardation, schizophrenia, and personality disorder. They had both been treated in institutional settings and in community based treatments in the state of Georgia. Following clinical assessments by state employees both plaintiffs were determined to be better suited for treatment in a community based setting rather than in the institution. Both sued the state of Georgia to prevent them from being inappropriately treated and housed in the institutional setting. In the Olmstead case, the Court held that the unjustified institutional isolation of people with disabilities is a form of unlawful discrimination under the Americans with Disabilities Act. Since that decision, progress has been made. Many individuals have successfully transitioned to community settings, but many continue on waiting lists which have grown considerably for community services. Many would like to receive community services are not able to obtain them.

pursuit of happiness. Although Kennedy’s order was a symbolic landmark for ending de facto segregation in housing, the policy was never enforced. The order left it up to the individual housing and funding agencies to police themselves, leaving much room for non-compliance from state to state. It took Kennedy’s successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, until 1968 to get a majority of Congress to support a fair housing law. When the Fair Housing Act was first enacted in 1968, it prohibited discrimination only on the basis of race, color, religion and national origin. In 1974, sex was added to the list of protected classes, and in 1988, disability and familial status (the presence or anticipated presence of children under 18 in a household) were added. The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is the federal executive department with the statutory authority to administer and enforce the Fair Housing Act. HUD created the Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines (FHAG) to illustrate to builders and designers what would be considered minimal accessibility requirements. In the Building Codes: The codes first required Accessible dwelling units in some residential and institutional types of facilities in 1975. Statistics were provided to the codes by Paralyzed Veterans of America (PVA) on anticipated needs. Percentages were established for Institutional facilities such as rehabilitation centers, nursing homes, hospitals and assisted living. Transient lodging, such as hotels and dormitories were also covered. Apartment buildings with 20 or more units were required to have 2 percent of the units as ‘Adaptable’ units with some elements constructed accessible (i.e., doors with clearances, hardware and maneuvering clearances) and some elements ‘adaptable’ (i.e., removable cabinetry under sinks and blocking for grab bars). The intent was that apartments be constructed in a manner where they would be considered esthetically pleasing to renters, but still easily allow for adaptability for person using wheelchairs.

By age -• 6 percent of children 5 to 15 have disabilities. • 12 percent of people 16 to 64 have disabilities. • 41 percent of adults 65 and older have disabilities.

What have we done so far? History in the federal laws: On, November 20, 1962, President John F. Kennedy issued Executive Order 11063, which mandated an end to discrimination in housing. The order, which came during the burgeoning Civil Rights movement, prohibited federally funded housing agencies from denying housing or funding for housing to anyone based on their race, color, creed or national origin. When he issued the order in 1962, Kennedy called discrimination in federal housing agencies unfair, unjust and inconsistent with the right to life, liberty and the

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FHAG and Model Codes: Due to concerns about residential construction complying with all applicable codes, the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB), along with others, approached the model code groups about incorporating the FHAG requirements into the model code requirements in the mid 1990’s. Since the FHA is a civil rights law


are we moving forward? rather than a building code, careful study was needed to interpret the FHA requirements into enforceable language that could be utilized in model codes. Through the efforts of the Board for the Coordination of the Model Codes (BCMC), recommendations to the model codes were proposed in 1994. The then existing "Adaptable" dwelling unit requirements were carried forward as "Type A" units, with the FHA requirements reflected in the "Type B" units. The level of wheelchair access in Accessible units and Type A units exceed the requirements in Type B units. Accessible and Type A units might be termed ‘wheelchair friendly’, while Type B units are ‘wheelchair usable.’ In 2000, HUD reviewed the 2000 IBC and the referenced accessibility standard (ICC/ANSI A117.1-1998), for compliance with the FHAG. As always in such evaluations, there was good news and bad news. The good news in the report was that for apartments and townhouses, the IBC 2000, basically, had the scoping requirements correct, and the ICC/ANSI A117.1 standard had the technical requirements correct. The bad news was that there are other types of facilities that the FHA considers places of residence, and therefore should also be covered. These types of residences are classified by the building code as boarding houses, congregate residences, institutional facilities, vacation time-shares, etc. Based on HUD’s report, a series of modifications were proposed as part of the 2000 code change cycle. The proposed modifications were accepted by the voting members and were incorporated into the 2001 Supplement to the IBC. HUD has certified several editions of the IBC and A117.1 standard as "safe harbor" documents. This means that HUD believes that the IBC and A117.1 either meet or exceed the accessibility requirements in the Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines (FHAG). These documents include: IBC – • 2000 IBC with the 2001 Supplement • 2003 IBC • 2006 IBC • (2009 IBC is currently under review) A117.1 – • ANSI A117.1-1986 • CABO/ANSI A117.1-1992 • ICC/ANSI A117.1-1998 • ICC/ANSI A117.1-2003 • (ICC/ANSI A11.1-2009 has not been completed at this time) Thus, using the IBC and ICC A117.1 will both comply with building code provisions as well as meeting FHAG requirements. A designer does not have to review both documents for additional requirements. This also greatly reduces potential conflicts. Ageing in Place and Visitability in Single Family Homes: While these requirements will address a large portion of housing,

single family homes and most townhouses are exempted from all accessibility provisions under the International Building Code (IBC) and the Fair Housing Act (FHA). A special A117.1 subcommittee has put forward a proposal for a new ‘Type C’ dwelling unit. While the proposal includes only technical criteria and not scoping, the intent is that the application of limited access, ageing-in-place or visitability, is based on widespread application to dwellings not covered by other federal laws (e.g., single family homes, townhouses). Many communities across the United States have been enacting ‘Visibility’ ordinances. Technical requirements can vary widely. To date, more than 30,000 houses in the U.S. have been constructed under these ordinances with features such as zero-step entrances, wider interior doors, and a few additional access features as a result of local requirements (which differ). Among the more than 40 municipalities and states that have adopted some form of Visitability requirements or policies are: Atlanta, GA; Austin, TX; Visalia, CA; Howard County, MD; Albuquerque, NM; Southampton, NY; Iowa City, IA; Bolingbrook, IL; Escanaba, MI; St. Louis County, MO; Pittsburgh, PA; St. Petersburg, FL; Toledo, OH; Arvada, CO; Tucson AZ; Birmingham AL, and the states of Texas, Georgia, Kansas and Oregon. To encourage consistency throughout the country, Type C dwelling unit technical requirements have been proposed to provide a model that can be adopted to apply to new houses not covered by the Fair Housing Act. Local authorities may consider exemptions where conditions such as extreme topographical conditions warrant them. The minimum criteria allows people with mobility impairments to visit the homes of family and friends. In addition, these features may permit residents who develop a disability or are recovering from an injury to remain living in their homes for a short time, while they plan and make any additional renovations they might need or relocate to a different house with the features they need for residency. Type C dwelling units in the 2009 edition of ICC A117.1, provides technical requirements for dwelling units that are not regulated by Fair Housing such as single family homes and townhouses. The intent is so that the homes will both accommodate visitors with disabilities and promote the aging in place concept so people may enjoy their homes without requiring major modifications when they, family or friends face short- or longterm mobility constraints. Jurisdictions will specify when Type C units would be required. By providing the Type C provisions in the standard, the committee has taken a step to provide consistency throughout the country and a model of what they believe is a minimum level of accessibility to accomplish the purpose of visitable or inclusive design. Following is a list of topics addressed. To see the entire text you can visit the A117.1 development site at http://www.iccsafe.org/cs/ANSI-A117/Pages/default.aspx. (Continued on page 10)

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ADAADVICE (Continued from page 9)

1006 Type C Units (Visitability) • 1006.1 General. • 1006.2 Unit Entrance. • 1006.3 Connected Spaces. • 1006.4 Interior Spaces. • 1006.5 Circulation Path. • 1006.6 Toilet Room or Bathroom. • 1006.7 Food Preparation Area. • 1006.8 Lighting Controls and Receptacle Outlets. Providing these minimum levels of accessibility will lead to dwelling units being constructed so that people who use mobility devices or have difficulty climbing stairs are able to continue to live in their own homes or visit the homes of others. One of the difficulties of establishing this section was determining exactly what the level of access was needed for minimal access. Primarily the requirements will establish that portions of a dwelling unit are accessed by a circulation path that does not include any stairways or abrupt level changes. Once inside, the interior path should connect to a toilet room, a habitable space and if provided on the entry level, a food preparation area. The circulation path matches the accessible route’s width provisions of Section 403.5 but would need to be wider in certain food preparation areas. The last required element of accessibility is that most lighting controls and receptacle outlets must be located within reach ranges. If these few access features are provided, people with mobility impairments can visit the homes of friends or family. Furthermore, these features may permit residents who develop a disability or are recovering from an operation or injury to remain living in their homes for a short time, even if lacking a full bathroom and a separate, designated sleeping space, while they plan and make any additional renovations they might need. The standard does not address the scoping requirements for when and in what quantity the Type C (Visitable) units would be required. This type of scoping would be developed by the jurisdiction as specified in Sections 201 and 202. During the development process it was the committee’s assumption that these units would generally be applied to dwellings that were not regulated by the requirements of the Fair Housing Act. Therefore it would typically be applied to structures with three or fewer dwelling units within it.

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 13 NO. 4 • WINTER 2009

To quickly address some of the main features of the Type C unit, the following comments are provided. • Section 1006.2: The provision requires at least one entrance to be accessible, but unlike the other three types of units, this section does not mandate that the primary entry be selected. Other viable options would be the door into the home from the garage or a door off a back deck. • Section 1006.3: The route provided into and through the dwelling should meet most provisions of accessible routes but, since it does not meet all requirements, it should not be called an "accessible route." To avoid confusion with other requirements of the standard the term "circulation path" is used within the requirements. • Section 1006.5.4: The standard provides an exception to eliminate handrails or edge protection on ramps that move up with the surrounding grade. Residents of single family homes often prefer not to have obstructions such as handrails and edge protection along their walkways where they can prevent circulation to portions of the yard or appear different from neighboring homes. The committee believes that handrails and edge protection can be added by an owner when and if needed, but does not believe that every home subject to the modest requirements for Type C units should incur the added cost associated with such elements. • Section 1006.6: A toilet room or bathroom must be provided that allows for clearances and blocking at the water closet. Clearances are not indicated for the lavatory or any bathing facilities that are provided. Providing clearances at these elements would be best design practice, but are not specifically required. • Section 1006.7: Although visitability requirements or policies do not always specify access to kitchens and eating areas, they have been included in the standard to address the goals of the Type C unit. The food preparation area, however, may simply be an auxiliary kitchen like a bar area with a small refrigerator and microwave. It is important to note that this requirement is scoped by Section 1006.4 and would only be applicable where a food preparation area was provided on the entrance level. • Section 1006.8: The requirement for electrical outlets and light switches to be within reach range heights is a limited application of operable parts requirements found in Accessible, Type A and Type B units. There are no requirements for other operable parts, such as appliances, plumbing fixtures, door hardware, etc. Conclusion: As our population ages, the need for homes of all types with at least a minimal amount of access will significantly increase. These factors obviously have a significant impact on the quality of life. In addition, allowing people to remain in their homes as they age, and providing group home environments for those who need this type of care, is much less expensive than nursing home care. This is the opportunity for designers and developers to move into a market that will have increase demand, as well as be viewed as good for your community!


MEMBERSHIP

Association of Licensed Architects

Join now and become a member of a dynamic growing organization of architects ALA (The Association of Licensed Architects) is an organization open to all architects and professions related to architecture. It represents architects registered or licensed in any state, territory or possession of the United States, and foreign countries. ALA is committed to expanding its membership and professional services. ALA was founded in the fall of 1999 by a group of architects who formerly served as Board Members of other Architects’ Associations. In November of 1999, ALA was joined by ISA (Illinois Society of Architects), the oldest independent state organization in the country, which brought valued expertise and historic significance to the Association. Over the past few years, ALA has experienced rapid growth, record attendance at its dynamic programs and great progress under the leadership of the President, the Executive Board, and stewardship of the Executive Director. It continues to charge affordable dues, offer and expand its real services, and publishes a professional magazine with a superior reputation for content, technical information and featured architects. ALA’s mission is to advance the Architectural Profession through education and by supporting and improving the profession’s role in the built environment. ALA’s vision is to positively impact the Architectural Profession through the power of organization. Its purpose is to unite, educate, promote, and advance the Architectural Profession and address critical issues confronting it. ALA will support the efforts of other Associations, when combined efforts will produce benefits for all. ALA will work and speak for members of the Architectural Profession and improve communication with the community through programs offering information, education and cooperation. It proposes to advance and contribute to the general health, safety and welfare of the general public and believes in stimulating and encouraging continuing education plus the advancement of the art and science of architecture. ALA’s motto is "Architects united to

advance the Profession of Architecture."

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INSURANCEINFO

The Time Crunch By: Robert Stanton, Willis North America

ever has the old adage "time is money" ever seemed so evident than it has in the current design and construction industries. "Time is of the Essence" wording is being found in almost every contract used to retain the services of design professionals. There are entire clauses dedicated to the discussion of timeliness in the performance of professional services. These types of phrases and clauses can have significant consequences to the design community when performing their professional services on a project. We would like to take the time to address some of these issues and give an approach on how to address these timeliness concerns .This is in no way intended to be an exhaustive discussion on the topic. Rather, we hope to raise your awareness of the pitfalls, and provide a general approach in the review of contracts. "Time is of the Essence" is a legal doctrine that "when inserted in a contract, requires that all references to specific dates and times of day noted in the contract be interpreted exactly. In its absence, extreme delays might be legally acceptable." What does this mean in the design contract? Some legal experts have opined that the "Time is of the Essence" opens up the design professional to punitive damages. In this time of financial strife, owners appear to be taking more aggressive stances in pursuing claims, and this "Time is of the Essence" Doctrine may give them an additional avenue for recovery. Along with "Time is of the Essence," we see further contract language such as "Consultant’s failure to perform in a timely manner shall be considered a material breach of this Agreement." Therefore, it becomes obvious that timeliness has taken on an enhanced importance in the providing of professional services. What then makes the issue even more convoluted is these same contracts calling for this timely service then become vague in what constitutes timeliness in the performance of professional services. For instance, the "Consultant shall visit the Project or jobsite, as necessary." The other phrase we frequently see is "at appropriate stages." In the shop drawing, RFI, Change Order and Application for Payment discussions in the contract, the norm is to see the phrase "timely review." In looking back at the legal doctrine discussion, we note they refer to "specific dates and times of day." The problem is that what is "necessary, appropriate or timely" is then evaluated based on subjective standards. What is needed is specificity. Obviously, specificity is not an issue if the

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project calls for full-time site representatives or requirements such as "not less than three days per week." For those instances where the contract provisions relative to site visits are not so specific, the best solution would be that attendance is done on an "as requested" basis. This "as requested basis" for site visits places the responsibility for the timeliness of site visits completely on the owner and/or contractor. Another alternative would be to specify milestones in the project life, such as: upon completion of excavation; after installation of structural steel; prior to closing up the walls; etc. If available, the designer may then refer to the construction schedule and follow-up to make sure the milestones are being met. Efforts to verify that the milestones are being met should be documented in the project file showing attempts to make sure the designer is attempting to properly schedule the site visits. With submittal reviews, I have seen the following language: "The Architect’s action shall be taken with such promptness as to cause no delay in the Work or in the activities of the Owner, Contractor or Separate Contractors, but in all events within ___ ( ) business days from the Architect’s receipt of the submittal, unless the Architect notified the Owner and the Contractor that such review cannot be provided within such ___ ( ) days. In such case, the Architect shall use its best efforts to provide such requested information as promptly as possible, but in no event later than ___ ( ) business days from the Architect’s receipt of the submittal, and shall undertake all reasonable means necessary to mitigate any possible delays." There is a great deal of stressing promptness in this clause. There are specific time frames discussed for the turnaround for submittal reviews. Remember, these time frames are not etched in stone, and there is a big difference in submittals and their impacts on a medical lab versus a box warehouse. Therefore, only agree to time frames you believe you can meet while still allowing for the project to move forward. Also, relative to submittal reviews, the designer must take care to make sure that they are only reviewing what was contracted to be reviewed. If the contract does not call for the review of civil engineering submittals and the contractor forwards the civil engineering drawings for review and comment, the drawings should be marked with a stamp or notation that states: "Not


reviewed, outside (firm name’s) scope of services." Therefore, it should be clearly communicated down the line to all staff members working on the project that only certain drawings are reviewed within the scope of services. Not only to ensure that your firm has not bought on to verify work that is outside the scope of services, but also to ensure adequate time to review the drawings you are required to review. When contractors fall behind their work schedule, one potential fallout of the delay is a corresponding increase of Requests For Information (RFI). With the promptness issue being such a high priority, excessive RFI activity can bog down the progress of a project. Extra care should be given to make sure that the information being requested is in the drawings. If that is the case, it must be communicated to the contractor and the owner that the information being requested is clearly detailed in the project documents. It is best to detail exactly which document shows the information. While this is a common practice with most design firms, the significance of this activity has been enhanced due to the timeliness issue. If you can demonstrate a clear trail of documents showing the contractor has been asking questions that are clearly detailed in the drawings, then should a delay claim present itself, you have improved your negotiating position. While reviewing some contracts lately that stressed timeliness, which means all the ones I have seen, it became clear to me that there was something missing. The design professional is visiting

job sites and either accepting or rejecting work. Also, the design professional is assumed to have a duty to report open and obvious hazardous life & safety issues. Rejection of work can become a difficult situation in a tight schedule as the contractor has to undo work and redo it to be in general conformance with the plans and specifications. Therefore, it would seem prudent that the design professional make sure it is embodied in a contract that the design professional has no authority to stop the work. This may be something that could be added to a contract in the place where it stipulates the design professional has no control over means and methods. In that way, the can be no assumed authority that the contractor can stop the work. By "assumed authority" it is meant that the contractor cannot say that he had a reasonable basis to believe the design professional had the authority to stop work. The increased emphasis on timeliness in the design and construction industry are only now beginning to present themselves, and will present new and potentially difficult challenges to design firms. Our goal here is to raise you awareness of these difficulties and perhaps give you some assistance in how to face these new challenges. A well negotiated contract and proper file communication and documentation will assist you in trying to keep the wolves from baying at the door. For more information, contact Willis North America at (847) 517-3453 or visit us at www.hrhae.com.

Never has the old adage "time is money" ever seemed so evident than it has in the current design and construction industries.

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2009 Design Award Program On September 25th, 2009 five well respected architects labored many hours selecting winning projects for the 2009 ALA Design Award Program. Out of 86 entries, 13 projects were awarded an Award of Merit, 8 projects a Silver Medal, and 4 projects a Gold Medal with one top honor being the Presidential Award. Projects were entered in eight categories: Residential I, Residential II, Commercial/Industrial, Interior Architecture, Institutional, Religious, Renovation and Unbuilt Design. Each entry was judged on its own merit based on: Program Solution, Site and Space Planning, Overall Design Solution and Construction System and Details. LeRoy B. Herbst, III, FALA of L.B. Herbst & Associates served as jury chairperson, Rich Barnes, ALA of Barnes Architects, Ltd. was assistant chairperson and Kay Rennels, McLean Associates was the program coordinator. ALA wishes to thank the following judges for their hours of volunteer time and their dedication to the program and profession.

Professor Robert Greenstreet Professor Robert Greenstreet is an architect and Dean of the School of Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Dr Greenstreet is the author/co-author of seven books, has contributed to nineteen other texts and handbooks and has published over one hundred and fifty working papers and articles, both nationally and internationally. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. In addition to being a registered architect in the United Kingdom, he is a practicing arbitrator and mediator recognized in both the United States and Europe. In 2008, he was named as one of the Most Respected and Admired Educators in the United States by Design Intelligence Magazine. From 2002-2003 Dr Greenstreet served as Interim Chancellor of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and, in 2003 was asked by Mayor Barrett to become the Director of Planning and Design for the City of Milwaukee, creating a unique town/gown relationship between the University and the City that is a first of its kind in the nation. In 2008 the position evolved into the Chair of City Development which Dr. Greenstreet holds in addition to the Deanship.

Diane Legge Kemp, FAIA, ASLA Diane Legge Kemp is President of DLK Civic Design, a planning, architecture, landscape architecture and design+build firm dedicated to building healthy communities through the sustainable integration of land use and transportation. She is currently developing TOD and intermodal facility plans for over a dozen communities in Illinois. She was the first woman partner of SOM, focusing on mixed use and special use projects. She attended Wellesley College, received her BA in Architecture (minor: Civil Engineering) from Stanford University, and received her Masters of Architecture from Princeton University. Diane and her husband/partner, Kevin, have three college-age children.

Patrick W. Manley, RA, AIAA, ALA Mr. Manley is Director of Design for Manley Architecture Group/MAG, an architecture/CM firm in Columbus, Ohio, founded in 1985. A graduate of Ohio State University, he has extensive experience in multi-family, long term care, retail, residential, historic preservation, healthcare, public and private work and space architecture. He has received several local and national design awards from architecture, construction and government organizations. He was a participant and signatory on The Millennium Charter, establishing the new discipline of Space Architecture. Mr. Manley is President of ALA/Ohio, a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and several civic organizations.

Tim Sheridan, AIA, LEED AP, ALA Tim Sheridan is the President of sheridan architecture, which specializes in residential, commercial, institutional, and corporate projects. He has been practicing architecture since 1996. Previously he worked for Nagle Hartray Danker Kagen McKay Penney and Harry Weese Associates in Chicago. As a head of the firm, Mr. Sheridan provides design and programming direction to clients. He also serves as the day-to-day contact from pre-design services through occupancy. Currently Mr. Sheridan is working on a retail core and shell building and residential renovations in the metropolitan area.

William D. Sturm, AIA, ALA, LEED AP William Sturm is a nationally recognized leader in environmentally sustainable architectural design. Under his guidance, Serena Sturm Architects’ ethic of energy and resource conservation has been a firm-wide commitment for over 25 years. SSA has quietly expanded its reputation for collaborative, contextual design resulting in completed "green" buildings in most all project types and numerous awards for design excellence. Mr. Sturm has regularly lectured on the benefits of sustainable design to professional, educational and civic organizations. His firm’s environmental efforts have been featured on the radio, TV and within the printed media. In 2009 Bill and his partner Marty Serena were selected by Chicago Magazine for its inaugural "Chicago Environmental Awards". Bill received his architectural degree from the University of Notre Dame, is both state and NCARB registered, and he maintains affiliations with several professional and service organizations such as the American Institute of Architects, Association of Licensed Architects, United States Green Building Council, Daylighting Collaborative and Rotary International. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 13 NO. 4 • WINTER 2009

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Don Erickson Presidential Award Photo: Samoo Architects & Engineers

Garden 5 - Tool; Seoul, South Korea Category: Commercial Firm: DeStefano Partners and SAMOO Architects & Engineers; Scott Sarver, Dae-Hong Minn, Myung Gi Sohn, Do Kwon Park Contractor: Daelim Industrial Company Consortium Dongnam Distribution Center is a creative and unique solution for a mega-shopping center of specialty shops. To consolidate a large number of industrial goods retailers that are currently scattered in the central city of Seoul, the 2,893,440 sf commercial center houses approximately 6,000 shops. Also recipient of Gold Award.

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Photo: Stephen Bruns

Gold Award Bluff House; Baraboo, Wisconsin Category: Residential I Firm: Bruns Architecture; Stephen Bruns, ALA Contractor: DMH Construction Bluff House sits along the crown of a 30-mile long oval bluff range, its intersecting volumes growing out of the site’s gently sloping terrain. Approaching the house from the former logging road carving through the site, the building’s silhouette slowly emerges from the dense woodland. Inspired by research of the region’s geology, the house’s two concrete organizing walls prove as strong and distinct as the metamorphic quartzite composition of the bluffs that have resisted erosion from weathering, rivers and glaciers over the past 350 million years.

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Rendering by Conway & Schulte Architects

Gold Award MacArthur Park District Master Plan; Little Rock, Arkansas Category: Unbuilt Firm: Conway+Schulte Architects; William Conway, ALA Contractor: N/A The MacArthur Park District Master Plan describes a vision of the park not as a discrete landscape but as the anchor for a larger urban network. The planning strategy extends sustainable landscape design practices used in the park to "grow neighboring districts." The result of this vision is an outdoor public room connected to the city by linking the actions of recreation, transit, commerce, entertainment, and everyday life.

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Photo: John Faier

Gold Award Mark T. Skinner West Elementary School; Chicago, IL Category: Institutional Firm: SMNG-A Architects; Kenneth Schroeder, ALA Contractor: K.R. Miller Contractors, Inc. Mark T. Skinner West Elementary School fronts on Skinner Park and contains a series of outdoor classrooms that transition the building to the park, with the public function completing the "L-shaped" plan. A green roof is irrigated using a historic water tank that contributes to sustainable building features and LEED Silver designation.

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Silver Award 277 Pheasant Lane; Bloomingdale, IL Category: Residential I Firm: Vertex Architects, LLC; Alphonso Peluso, ALA; Michelle Peluso Contractor: Vertex Architects, LLC This residence is Illinois’ first LEED designated single-family home. Our goal was to create a modern, elegant home, redefine traditional homebuilding methods and reduce the amount of natural resources it takes to construct and maintain a similar sized home. This was all accomplished while maintaining a limited budget of $115/sf.

Photo: Nathan Kirkman

Silver Award Archbishop Quigley Center; Chicago, IL Category: Interior Architecture Firm: Jaeger, Nickola + Associates, Ltd.; Robert Nickola, ALA Contractor: Pepper Construction The Archbishop Quigley Center, formerly the Quigley Preparatory Seminary High School, was an adaptive-reuse project which included the full interior re-design of all four levels of the Historic Landmark Building, converting it into an administrative office building for seventeen departments of the Archdiocese of Chicago. Additionally, the restoration of the Sainte-Chapelle inspired St. James Chapel was an important component of the project.

Photo: James Steinkamp Photography

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Silver Award Bowery House; New York, NY Category: Unbuilt Firm: Scott Murray Architect; Scott Murray, ALA Contractor: N/A A speculative project for innovative, affordable housing on Manhattan’s Lower East Side. Small but well-designed units ensure low operating costs with efficient use of solar shading, thermal mass, and natural ventilation. A key feature is the adaptable building skin, which can be fine-tuned by individual users to changing environmental conditions.

Silver Award Heritage Federal Credit Union Administrative Office Building; Newburgh, IN Category: Commercial Firm: Conner Architecture; Carl Conner, ALA Contractor: Lichtenberger Construction Sited at the west end of a tract of land that is also home to the credit union's first branch office and in the shadow of Alcoa's Newburgh, Indiana plant, the 11,500 sq. ft. two story structure created space for the the Administrative, Accounting, Marketing and Mortgage Processing function for he member-owned organization. The charge was to create a functional, cost effective solution that reflectes the institution's democratic, accessible, attitude and dynamic character and pays respect to the industry that gave it is birth; an industry focused on the production of aluminum and aluminum products. From this came a compact, functional plan that places non-occupied support spaces at the core and pushes occupied spaces to the exterior. Floor to ceiling glass allows an open connection to the prairie landscape and provides natural light and views to open office areas.

Photography: Jerry Butts

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Silver Award Mumford Hall Conversion; Chicago, IL Category: Renovation Firm: Harding Partners; Paul Harding, ALA, FAIA Contractor: W.B. Olson, Inc The Mumford Hall conversion transforms a cloistered dormitory building into an open, communal center for the Salvation Army’s College for Officer Training. The LEED Certified project demonstrates that the thoughtful placement of light, structure, color, and program can provide an uplifting place that is environmentally sensitive and cost effective.

Photo: Kate Joyce & Christopher Barret: Hedrich Blessing

Silver Award Samsung Cancer Center; Seoul, South Korea Category: Institutional Firm: Ellerbe Becket, Inc. and SAMOO Architects & Engineers; Mic Johnson, Michael Kennedy, Myung Gi Sohn, Do Kwon Park Contractor: Samsung Construction At 1,200,000 square feet, this is the largest cancer center in Asia. Sited adjacent to a gently rising forested hill, the design connects architecture with landscape to create a building of enduring quality for the medical center campus. Planned to maximize efficiency, flexibility and healing, access to light and views is provided to patients, family and staff alike. Important interior spaces revolve around visual access to nature, and roof gardens extend the connection. Stone, metal and glass – recalling history, nature and the future – are used in varying degrees based on architectural form and the unique characteristics of the site.

Photo: Seong Hoon Yum

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Silver Award Simera; Lake Geneva, WI Category: Residential I Firm: Joseph C. Zimmer Architect; Joseph Zimmer, ALA Contractor: Joseph Zimmer & Deborah Newton The retreat residence of Architect and his artist wife is named 'Simera', the Greek word for 'today'. Amid rolling farmland south of Lake Geneva, Wisconsin, the modern structure is built on the footprint of a fallen barn between two salvaged silos. 'Common' materials and design reinterpret efficiencies of agricultural structures.

Photography: Joseph Zimmer & Brian Thomas

Silver Award The Summit at Copper Square; Phoenix, AZ Category: Residential II Firm: Hirsch Associates LLC; Kevin Pound Contractor: The Weitz Company The sky, the sun, the mountains and the desert, are the fundamental vernacular of Arizona. The Summit at Copper Square, a 23-story condominium in downtown Phoenix, uses bold color, geometric forms and the varying textures of stone and stucco to anchor the building to its site, create interplays of light and shadow, and provide an iconic image for the skyline.

Photography: Anthony May

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Merit Award

Photo: Thomas Sokolowski

1541 N. Bosworth; Chicago, IL Category: Residential II Firm: Hanna Architects, Inc.; John Hanna, ALA Contractor: Stronghold Ventures, Inc. The main design objective of this 3 unit building was to reinterpret the traditional Chicago 3 flat. Interiorwise this meant that every unit was broken down to two or three levels corresponding to different functions within units. This in combination with terracing of the front facade created a warmer feeling while avoiding full floor monotony. The sculptured street elevation is clad in white aluminum/steel combined with the large glazed openings/balconies creates a building while distinctly different from the neighboring traditional buildings truly becomes a part of the urban street character.

Merit Award Bodo Harbor-Front Development; City Center, Bodo, Norway Category: Unbuilt Firm: Myefski Architects, Inc.; John Myefski, ALA Contractor: N/A This project involved a concert hall/theatre, slooping museum, and library with rhythmic center. The design solution creates a cultural campus surrounding the inner marina of this coastal town. Each structure is strategically sited to enhance its functions, activate adjacent streets and harbor front, and create visually dynamic volumes.

Rendering by Myefski Architects, Inc.

Merit Award Detroit Diesel Lobby Expansion & Façade Renovation; Redford, MI Category: Renovation Firm: Harley Ellis Devereaux; Sam Bayne, FAIA, LEED AP Contractor: Barton Mallow Constructed in 1938, this manufacturing plant northwest of Detroit has long been a major center of industrial activity. Harley Ellis Devereaux was commissioned to develop a new vision to revitalize the two million square foot complex. The solution was both bold and simple. The existing metal skin was peeled away at the two-story office area and replaced with a full height curtain wall of high performance glass. Photo: Justin Maconochie

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Merit Award Firefly Hill; Buchanan, MI Category: Residential I Firm: Sullivan, Goulette & Wilson; Jeff Goulette Contractor: Jacob Construction Firefly Hill is a new home in the vineyards of southwest Michigan. It was designed by the architect and his wife as a retreat for family and friends. The barnlike forms are angled to take advantage of views, breezes, and passive solar principles. Other green elements include geothermal heating and the extensive use of salvaged materials.

Photo: Jeff Goulette

Merit Award Hayback Residence; Glencoe, IL Category: Residential I Firm: Myefski Architects, Inc.; John Myefski, ALA Contractor: City View Real Estate Group This single-family home sited on a suburban corner, has contemporary features: masonry and stucco wall planes, linear fenestration, and flat roofs. Internal vertical circulation is expressed thru a raised clerestory. The detached garage is an integral component of the site composition, enclosing the garden while shielding it from the street.

Photo: Tony Soluri Photography

Merit Award HeathBridge Fitness Center II; Huntley, IL Category: Institutional Firm: PSA-Dewberry; Christopher Frye, ALA Contractor: Walsh Construction, Inc. Centegra Health System has embarked on the development of a new healthcare campus within the growing community of Huntley, Illinois. The System’s second wellness center serves as the anchor to the master plan and a gateway building for the campus. The center’s organization is developed around an exterior courtyard. It is the intent of this space to become the external and internal focus of the center, with all major functions having view to it. The facility as well as the site was developed with sustainable strategies include the use of green roof systems, permeable pavers, bioswales and highperformance building systems. Photo: Ballogg Photography

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Merit Award Madison Fire Station No. 12; Madison, WI Category: Institutional Firm: Plunkett Raysich Architects, LLP; Jon Holz, ALA, LEED AP Contractor: Stevens Construction, Inc. On Madison’s west side, a new fire station anchors a growing urban community, expressing sustainable design strategies within the functional and aesthetic requirements of civic architecture. Seeking LEED Platinum certification, the project demanded a solution that could aggressively reduce energy and water consumption, while fostering community pride and fire fighting efficiency. This solution exhibits an inter-play of whimsical imagery and green technology. As an educational tool of sustainable design, civic involvement and fire safety, this fire station is expanding its role in the community. Photo: David Nevala

Merit Award Mid-Century Remodernization; Glenview, IL Category: Renovation Firm: Tigerman McCurry Architects; Margaret McCurry, AIA, ALA Contractor: Eiesland Builders For its original owners, a seamless remodeling and expansion of a vintage 1953 "contemporary" residence increased its energy efficiency and sustainability. The program included a complete reconfiguration of the kitchen and master suites, plus numerous aesthetic improvements such as total lighting redesign and increased access to and visibility of the redesigned landscape.

Photo: Steve Hall, Hedrich Blessing Photography

Merit Award National Association of Letter Carriers; Chicago, IL Category: Commercial Firm: Hanna Architects, Inc.; John Hanna, ALA Contractor: Bulley & Andrews LLC The design of a 20,000 s.f. Union Hall representing the 16,000 Letter Carriers of Branch 11 serving the metropolitan Chicago area sought to create a building that presents itself to its’ membership as the union presents itself to its’ members. A building that is protective,welcoming & expressive of new ideas while solving the technical & functional requirements on a shoestring budget is located in the Bronzeville district of Chicago. "Through the use of cantilevering / projecting wings and stacked / staggering building blocks abstractly brings to mind the purpose of… "The Letter Carrier"."

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Photo: John Hanna


Merit Award North Avenue Bridge; Chicago, IL Category: Institutional Firm: Muller & Muller Architects; Cindy Muller, ALA Contractor: James McHugh Construction Company This iconic new bridge has instantly become a new landmark on the Chicago River. Its structure, comprised of a composite cable stay/ suspension system, is the only one of its type in the city. Special attention was paid to details which not only make for easy passage by car but also provide a pleasant street level experience for pedestrians. Photo: Ballogg Photography

Photo: Jerry Butts

Merit Award Orthopaedic Associates; Newburgh, IN Category: Commercial Firm: Conner Architecture; Carl Conner, ALA Contractor: Weddle Bros. Located at the center of a growing medical district the 35,000 square foot one and two story structure is a culmination of intense programming and design to formulate and resolve the needs of three separate medical entities. It houses a group of 10 orthopedic surgeons, a care facility and is supported by an imaging suite that includes digital x-ray rooms and an MRI. Four of the five acres of the sloping site rest above an abandoned mine from the late 1800's. To avoid potential differential settlement from shaft collapse the building footprint was restricted to the west end of the site leaving the balance of the site to accommodate required surface parking. The intent of the design is to express the presence of the 3 separate entities through the building massing while creating a compositionally pleasing whole that give patients an inviting, calm and clear intent.

Merit Award The New National Library of the Czech Republic; Prague, Czech Republic Category: Unbuilt Firm: PSA-Dewberry; Christopher Frye, ALA Contractor: N/A Our conceptual position for the new National Library focuses on the expansion of its meaning and function within today’s global/local culture. Our solution intends to give the Czech Republic’s, and specifically Prague’s inhabitants, another choice in terms of intellectual connections, cultural exchange, and lifestyle. Through clear land planning strategy, a land-mat is created from an augmented ground plane that visually extends from the Letenska Plain, encircling and effectively giving back to the city a Rooftop Park, addressing the neighboring context with a new elevated ‘front yard’. Platform: basis for the built environment and nature to coexist. Program: housing the more public functions of the Library with the main collection spaces defined in a tower. Solution: develops from an integration of the programmatic organization and urban/park typologies.

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Merit Award Volkswagen; Herndon, VA Category: Interior Architecture Firm: Harley Ellis Devereaux; Art Smith, FAIA, LEED-AP Contractor: Rand Construction Corporation Although constrained by a long and narrow space, not typically desirable for the display of automobiles, this arrival experience is more about how people interact with the brand than it is about the vehicles being shown. The space is a destination for special meetings, hospitality events, press communications, auto enthusiast events, and brand messaging. Flexibility in the architecture and the technology were common key characteristics in all of the possible uses for the space.

Photo: Thomas Drew

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Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education

The Benefits of Daylighting By Cara Clinton

Learning Objectives: After taking this course, the reader will: 1. Understand the many benefits of incorporating daylighting in commercial projects. 2. Learn how daylighting in commercial buildings can specifically lead to energy savings, increased employee productivity, higher retail sales, increased property values and increased student performance (schools). 3. Discover how daylighting can help projects gain green certification credits under the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED™) program. 4. Learn how Tubular Daylighting Devices (TDDs) in particular are being used to incorporate daylighting in both new and retrofit building projects.

he U.S. Department of Energy states that electric lighting can account for as much as 40 to 50 percent of energy consumption in today’s commercial buildings. This is an area where daylighting can have a major beneficial impact. By incorporating smart daylighting strategies, including such measures as automated or pre-set lighting control systems, the need for energy-consuming electric lights is cut dramatically. However, using daylight offers several positive benefits beyond just decreased electric bills. Those benefits, as well as daylighting guidelines, are outlined below. Why Use Daylighting? Energy Savings According to the U.S. Green Building Council’s Sustainable Building Technical Manual, well-designed daylighting solutions can reduce lighting energy use by 50 to 80 percent. A sufficient daylighting design can greatly reduce energy consumption and the overall carbon footprint of a building. The latest technique in the industry is "cool daylighting," which filters out unwanted wavelengths of light, such as heat and ultraviolet rays, without negatively affecting lighting levels. Adding cool daylighting minimizes upfront installation costs for mechanical cooling systems and reduces the overall cooling load costs. Increased Employee Productivity Energy savings is not the only reason architects and business owners should consider daylighting their

facilities. In fact, it may very well be just a small part of the overall picture. A Harris poll found lighting as the number one contributor to worker productivity. Since companies spend an average of 70 times as much money (per square foot, per year) on employee salaries as on energy, an increase of just one percent in productivity can result in savings that exceed the company’s entire energy bill. According to the Rocky Mountain Institute, productivity gains of six to 16 percent, stemming from decreased absenteeism and improved quality of work, have been reported from energy-efficient building design. Higher Sales Larger gains in retail sales have also resulted for many building tenants that occupy spaces that are lit by daylight. Natural light makes interiors appear larger and more spacious. In addition, the colors of the merchandise, displays and walls look truer, creating better product visibility. While most customers say they do not notice when buildings feature daylighting, it has been proven that naturally lit environments increase long-term customer loyalty. Customers prefer naturally lit environments without being able to pinpoint why. In fact, profits from sales in buildings that use daylighting "may be worth 45 to 100 times more than the energy savings," according to a two-year study sponsored by the California Energy Commission.

“According to the U.S. Green Building Council’s Sustainable Building Technical Manual, well-designed daylighting solutions can reduce lighting energy use by 50 to 80 percent.”

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Property Value and Marketability Green projects typically sell or lease faster and retain tenants longer because they combine superior amenities and comfort with lower operating costs and more competitive terms. The resulting gains in occupancies, rents and residuals all enhance financial returns. According to the Electric Power Research Institute, daylit


Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education

buildings can result in 10 to 20 percent higher rental income than those that use only artificial light. Daylit properties are likely to rent faster and for higher rates. Additionally, when the owner is ready to sell the building, the investment in energy efficiency should bring added resale value. Improved Student Performance in Schools The use of natural lighting for interior illumination in school buildings has resulted in greater productivity, enhanced student test scores, improved health and wellbeing, increased safety and reduced environmental pollution. For example, a study by the National Clearinghouse for Education entitled "Do School Facilities Affect Academic Outcomes?" reports proper lighting reduces poor behavior and daylighting fosters higher student achievement. Classrooms with effectively incorporated daylight yield lighter electric loads, reduced heating and cooling costs and are more popular with students and teachers.

Construction Specifications Institute’s MasterFormat 2004 number system, representing a coming-of-age for the product category, which had previously been included in the unit skylight section since the 1980s. Today, TDDs are being specified into all types of commercial structures, from schools to supermarkets, as an effective and affordable lighting strategy. The product earned international acclaim as hundreds of TDDs were installed in a major sports arena for the world’s first green Olympics in Beijing. TDDs, however, are not for commercial use only. There are residential products on the market that provide exceptional lighting for all interior spaces, including hallways, bathrooms, kitchens and home offices. Specifying TDDs* The role of the specification in TDD design is extremely important and can greatly affect the outcome of the space itself. A specifier must take into account the varying components of the Tubular Daylighting Device and the differences in the technologies of those components to understand how to achieve the required results. Three attributes are particularly critical: Capture, Transfer and Delivery. Although the differences in these components may seem inconsequential, subtle variances can make the difference between a poorly lit space and an award-winning, environmentally conscious design.

“Larger gains in retail sales have also resulted for many building tenants that occupy spaces that are lit by daylight.”

Achievement of LEED Credits Aside from the major benefits above, daylighting also plays a pivotal role for those looking to gain green certification credits for their projects through the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED™) program, which is increasingly used as a building standard by all types of governing bodies. The efficient use of daylighting can contribute to the achievement of LEED credits for energy savings and innovative performance, among other potential qualifications. Daylighting with TDDs In addition to traditional methods, such as windows and skylights, Tubular Daylighting Devices (TDDs) are becoming increasingly popular as a highly effective way to incorporate daylighting in both new and retrofit building projects. Often selected for their compact size, technological features and design flexibility, TDDs are passive systems that capture daylight on the rooftop, transfer it down a reflective tube and deliver it into a building’s interior. More advanced TDDs offer superior performance and additional features that take appearance, style and functionality into consideration. In late 2007, the TDD earned its own section in the

Capture In order for the TDD to bring daylight into interior spaces effectively, sunlight capture must begin at the roof level. With various technologies being used to harness daylight in TDDs, the differences begin at the dome. Products can range in technology from simple thermally formed, clear plastic domes to more advanced systems that utilize optics to maximize light collection. There continue to be industry advances in low-angled light collection, which is especially important for the winter months, in high latitudes and in climates with frequent overcast skies. Knowing and understanding the differences in the qualities of the domes can help projects properly specify the system that meets the most stringent daylighting and energy efficiency requirements. Transfer From the dome level, daylight is captured and then transferred through optical tubing, which systematically affects the daylight transport from the rooftop aperture to the ceiling diffuser. The system uses reflective tubing to duct daylight into the building’s interior spaces. With an assortment of qualities in today’s tubing (Continued on page 34)

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Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education (Continued from page 33)

materials, this is yet another important specification component that must be clearly called out during the building’s design and specification process. When looking at tubing performance, the differences tend to be in the material used and this material’s reflectivity. There are two major components of reflectivity that collaborate together within a TDD: 1) Specular reflection, and 2) Spectral reflectance. Tubing types can include corrugated/flexible tubing, enhanced anodized aluminum, metalized surfaces and the more advanced non-metalized film technologies. The goal, essentially, is to maximize the ability of the light to travel down the tube while minimizing the amount of light lost and color shift during the transport. Delivery All the components that work together to obtain the highest quality of daylight in the interior are only as good as the diffuser’s final performance. Optical diffusers provide controlled daylight distribution in very precise ways. Light spread, color temperature and glare can all be greatly affected by the diffuser’s design and specification. More advanced TDDs offer optical modulation systems, allowing users to control light output, much like they would with some electric light fixtures. These modern systems do not negatively affect the light distribution pattern of the unit, but can offer designers the ability to integrate daylight into their unique lighting designs and tune daylight levels to meet changing space functions and visual requirements. Some devices can be integrated into lighting controls systems, while others can offer a wall-mounted rocker switch, allowing building inhabitants to modulate the daylight themselves or set scene level controls for demanding multi-use environments, such as classrooms and boardrooms. Depending on the design intent, the proper specification of such systems can be crucial to obtaining the energy efficiencies sought, as well as helping to clearly define the appropriate commissioning of the building’s energy efficient systems. The ability to modulate daylight makes it possible for TDDs to be used in spaces that have previously been considered "off limits."

Varying lens technologies are available for TDDs, from basic prismatic designs to highly engineered Fresnel lenses. The choice of diffusion can be based simply on aesthetics or on precise lighting calculations that consider light spread and photometry. Daylighting Resources Incorporating daylighting strategies into a building plan has become less time consuming and complicated thanks to several industry resources. Tools such as Building Information Modeling (BIM) allow the design community to visualize all building components, including daylighting, before physical construction begins. The result is a growing body of evidence that daylighting can help businesses retain employees longer, provide a healthier and happier workplace, and stay more competitive through higher productivity and lower operating costs. Daylighting and energyefficient building design are also added bonuses for building owners looking to increase the value and marketability of an investment property. This relatively young field has yet to reach its full potential, and the coming years are bound to present new daylighting tools that were previously unimaginable. In many ways, we have come full circle, back to the original light source, which just so happened to be the best.

“Incorporating daylighting strategies into a building plan has become less time consuming and complicated thanks to several industry resources.”

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* Source: The Construction Specifier, April 2008; "Daylighting Goes Tubular"

About Solatube International Inc. Solatube International Inc., based in Vista, Calif. (northern San Diego County), is the worldwide leading manufacturer and marketer of Tubular Daylighting Devices (TDDs). The company’s flagship product, the Solatube Daylighting System, provides a revolutionary natural lighting solution for all types of residential and commercial applications. The maxim "Innovation in Daylighting™" reflects the company’s commitment to the development of breakthrough daylighting technologies, which has resulted in numerous patents dating back to the mid-1980s. Widely recognized as the industry innovator, Solatube International has earned acclaim around the globe for its unrivaled ability to transform interior spaces with the power of daylight. For more information on the Solatube Daylighting System or other products manufactured and marketed by Solatube International, including solar-powered attic ventilation fans, please visit the Solatube Web site at http://www.solatube.com or call 888-SOLATUBE (888-765-2882).


Association of Licensed Architects Continuing Education

ALA Continuing Education Questionnaire -

The Benefits of Daylighting Learning Objectives: After taking this course, the reader will: 1. Understand the many benefits of incorporating daylighting in commercial projects. 2. Learn how daylighting in commercial buildings can specifically lead to energy savings, increased employee productivity, higher retail sales, increased property values and increased student performance (schools). 3. Discover how daylighting can help projects gain green certification credits under the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED™) program. 4. Learn how Tubular Daylighting Devices (TDDs) in particular are being used to incorporate daylighting in both new and retrofit building projects. Program Title: The Benefits of Daylighting ALA/CEP Credit: This article qualifies for 1.0 HSW LU of State Required Learning Units and may qualify for other LU requirements. (Valid through December 2011.) Instructions: • Read the article using the learning objectives provided. • Answer the questions. • Fill in your contact information. • Check whether logging of ALA/CEP credit (ALA members with logging privileges only) or certificate of completion is desired. • Sign the certification. • Submit questions with answers, contact information and payment to ALA by mail or fax to receive credit. • Article and tests are also available online: www.licensedarchitect.org

QUIZ QUESTIONS 1. According to the USGBC, well-designed daylighting solutions can reduce lighting energy in a building by how much? A. 30-50% B. 50-80% C. 80-100% D. 10-20%

2. Which is NOT an advantage of cool daylighting? A. Filters out unwanted wavelengths of light B. Minimizes upfront installation costs C. Reduces the overall cooling load costs D. None of the above 3. Since customers prefer naturally lit environments, retail profits from sales in buildings that use daylighting may be worth more than the energy savings themselves. How much more? A. 100 times more B. 50 times more C. 45 to 100 times more D. 25-50 times more 4. What is the primary reason TDDs, rather than traditional skylights, are used to daylight a building? A. Compact size B. Technological features C. Flexible design D. All of the above 5. In order to most effectively bring daylight into an interior space, where should sunlight capture first occur? A. The side of the building B. The center of the building C. The roof of the building D. None of the above

Contact Information:

6. True or False: Daylit buildings can result in 10 to 20 percent higher rental income than those that use only artificial light. A. True B. False 7. True or False: TDDs are only able to be installed in new construction due to the fact that the roof of the building is already in place. A. True B. False 8. Which of the following are typically found only in the most advanced, modern TDDs? A. Corrugated/flexible tubing B. Optical modulation systems C. Optical Diffusers D. None of the above 9. Which can be greatly affected by the design and specification of a TDD’s diffuser? A. Light spread B. Color temperature C. Glare D. All of the above 10. True or False: The choice of diffusion must be based on precise lighting calculations that consider light spread and photometry. A. True B. False

This article and exam can be found on ALA’s web site www.LicensedArchitect.org

PAYMENT: ALA/CEP Credit or Certificate of Completion: Cost: $15 (ALA Members) $20 (non-members) ■ Check or ■ Credit Card

Last Name: First Name:

Middle Initial:

■ Please send me a certificate of completion (required by certain states & organizations) that I may submit. ■ Please log me for ALA LU credit (ALA members with logging privileges only) .

Firm Name:

Your test will be scored. Those scoring 80% or higher will receive 1 LU HSW Credit.

Address: City: Tel.: Credit Card No: Expiration Date:

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(VISA or MASTERCARD only)

Fax: 847-382-8380 Address: Association of Licensed Architects, 22159 N. Pepper Road, Ste. 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 Attn: ALA/CEP Credit

Zip:

Certification: (Read and sign below) I hereby certify that the above information is true and accurate to the best of my knowledge and that I have complied with the ALA Continuing Education Guidelines for the reported period. Signature:

Date: LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 13 NO. 4 • WINTER 2009

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by Kelly P. Reynolds ALA Code Consultant

CODECORNER

How to be a Successful

Code Consultant am celebrating 30 years in the code consulting business on November 18, 2009. We have reviewed thousands of plans, had thousands attend our seminars and have over 90+M newsletters in circulation. But this story isn’t just about me, but about some everyday business tips I picked up along the way that you can use. When I left BOCA, International as a staff engineer in November 1979, I heard the usual.. "You’ll be back - you won’t make it on your own". As the years went by, many of those same people came looking for a job with my firm. • The client isn’t always right, but they are always the client. No one ever won an argument with a client! • Keep your promises. Have projects completed on time, and if you cannot, then notify the client. • If you are too busy to help a client, then you are too busy doing the wrong thing. • Always return phone calls, the same day if possible. I have terminated some staff members for not returning client calls. • Try answering the phone yourself. It really impresses the client and gives the idea that you are approachable and hands-on. • To avoid interruptions, just tell the client nicely that the less interruptions you have from them, the quicker you can finish their project. • Write your reports like they will be read in court. In many cases they will. The client may be in a hurry, but if it ever goes to trial,

$1500* Is Up There

you have all the time to answer the judge and a jury. Check spelling and proper use of words. ( Ex: There is no such thing as a "hot water heater". Why would you heat hot water? It’s a water heater.) • Know when to walk away. Some clients bring projects that just aren’t in your field of expertise, are not safe or have questionable intents. • Don’t get greedy! Stick to your ethics. There is enough work out there for all of use. We have not raised our plan review fees since 2002 and the newsletter has remained $75 a year since 1981. Remember, it takes years to building a good reputation and just a few bad decisions to ruin it. • Give back to the community. Some firms just take and take and don’t give anything back. We support the local ICC Chapters with gratis training, the Salvation Army, Pacific Garden Mission, Mooseheart and the Boy Scouts of America with generous donations. I am no business guru, but these practices and principles have worked for me for 30 years. Call me anytime (1-800-950-2633) if you want to discuss your business. I am more than glad to share my experience and learn from yours. KELLY P. REYNOLDS is one of the foremost authorities on building and life safety codes and consultant to ALA. You can contact him at 1-800-950-2633 or codexperts@aol.com.

Stimulate Your Tax Return And Save Up To 40% On Your Energy Bills Upgrading your attic with lcynene spray foam insulation may qualify for the Home Improvement Tax Credit for Energy Efficiency. That means you can get up to a $1,500 credit* simply by improving the long-term energy efficiency of your home! Plus, you can save up to 40% on your energy bills.** Learn the fast and easy way you can make the most of your tax credit, reduce your energy bills and improve your home

847-497-9480 5715 Weatherstone Way - Johnsburg

www.ACTIVEFOAMSPECIALISTS.com **See Website for details on 1500* and 40% lower energy bills

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Legal Services for Architects (Referred by ALA Chapter Boards)

Illinois

Minnesota

Helping design professionals find creative, common sense solutions to their legal problems.

Ohio

Illinois

LLP

ATTORNEYS AT LAW

Wisconsin

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 13 NO. 4 • WINTER 2009

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ALANEWS

ALA Welcomes New Members - Winter 2009 Professional Members Stephen J. Auger Alex A. Chicco, ALA Celine D. Coath, ALA Leslie A. Day, ALA David A. Ferch, ALA Pamela J. Fischer, ALA Michael Glynn, ALA Kimberly B. Haig, ALA Peter Johnston, ALA David C. Kuhlman, ALA Douglas E. Lasch, ALA Christopher M. Naumann,ALA Stanley J. Palma, ALA Robert L. Praprotnik, ALA William A. Schick, ALA Craig E. Sharp, ALA Richard Cory Smith, ALA Charles R. Stafford, ALA

Lake Orion, MI Naperville, IL Barrington, IL Libertyville, IL Madison, WI Chicago, IL Morton Grove, IL Downers Grove, IL Hartland, WI Park Ridge, IL Park Ridge, IL Minneapolis, MN Indianapolis, IN St. Louis, MO Bloomington, IN Downers Grove, IL Naperville, IL Indianapolis, IN

Paul B. Strother, ALA John A. Ziemnickl, ALA

Cologne, MN Bradenton, FL

Associate Members Kristen C. Kasten Andrew D. Ripp Lesa A. Rozmarek

Plymouth, MI Minneapolis, MN Ann Arbor, MI

Student Members Nina R. Cimino Michelle C. Davidson Victoria L. Thompson

Chicago, IL Chicago, IL Mt. Prospect, IL

Affiliate Members John Johnson Rick Stalle Bill J. Zastrow Yantong Zhao

YKK AP America, Inc. Graphisoft WZ Engineering, LLC Hampton, Lenzini and Renwick, Inc.

Berg Engineering Consultants Receives LEED Silver for Remodeling Project Brian M. Berg, Jr., Principal announced that the corporate office remodeling project of his company, Berg Engineering Consultants, Ltd., received a LEED® Silver Rating by the United States Green Building Council (USGBC). "Building operations are nearly 40 percent of the solution to the global climate change challenge," said Rick Fedrizzi, president, CEO and founding chair of the USGBC. "While climate change is a global problem, innovative companies like Berg Engineering Consultants are addressing it through local solutions." "What we were interested in doing was improving our building’s performance by reducing cost streams associated with building operations, reducing environmental impacts, and creating healthier and more productive employee workspaces," Berg said, who is a LEED accredited professional himself. "For our building to be LEED-certified means a great deal to us and further demonstrates our commitment to environmentally responsible design." Based in Schaumburg, Illinois, Berg Engineering Consultants, Ltd. was founded in 1969 and a member of the USGBC since 2003. It is a well known and respected consulting engineering company that provides architects and owners with innovative, affordable solutions for their building systems. For more information, go to: www.berg-eng.com or call 847-352-4500.

Association of Licensed Architects

Join ALA now for 2010 Membership application is available on page 12, or our website at www.LicensedArchitect.org.

KELLY P. REYNOLDS & ASSOCIATES, INC. BUILDING CODE CONSULTANTS

NATIONWIDE PHONE 1-(800) 950-CODE (2633) Fax (866) 814-2633 Email: codexperts@aol.com www.codexperts.net Corporate Office

Questions??? Call the ALA office at (847) 382-0630

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337 Shore Dr. Burr Ridge, IL 60527-5821

16182 W. Magnolia Street Goodyear, AZ 85338-5518


ALANEWS

Association of Licensed Architects

Coming January 2010 A New Website

New Look New Features

ALAtoday.org

Contracts

Continuing Education

Resources

Trusted ALA Contracts will now be available online.

All ALA Continuing Education hours are automatically logged and reviewable on your MyALA page.

Architecture Directory Includes professional, emeritus, senior, honorary, associate and student members.

Online registration for Live Program events in your area.

Construction Directory Includes affiliate members and referred contractors, products/ material suppliers, and business services.

Owner / Architect Owner / Contractor Change Orders Application for Payment General Conditions ...and many others

All contracts are editable and secure. Professional Subscriptions provide unlimited access to all contracts for one year and are personalized with your logo. Individual contracts are also available for purchase.

Access to educational Programs for every chapter. Online Articles and Webinars provide a quick convenient way to earn learning units (LU’s).

Business Information Legal, Building Codes, Insurance, Accounting, Human Resources.

ALA Program Planned for Florida in February ALA is branching out and will hold its first meeting/seminar in Tampa, Florida the last week in February. More detailed information will be on our new website in January, 2010. “Understanding a New Era: Development, Design and Building in a Carbon Constrained Florida.” Association of Florida is increasingly using legislation at the local and state level, including the passage of the farLicensed Architects reaching HB697, to wrestle with the development, planning, design and building. Combine this with the ever more prominent role of green building rating products like LEED and the risks for the architect and design consultant that need careful scrutiny. This seminar explores the growing arena of risk and seeks to further an objective and meaningful dialogue for managing these new risks. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 13 NO. 4 • WINTER 2009

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ALAILLINOIS ❷

September Program: 1. Presenter Peter Lawrence (left) and sponsor Bruce Thorne, both of Océ North America. 2. ALA members enjoy hands-on demonstration of plotters and printers. 3. The latest in global trends of digital documentation was presented.

Save the Date: Wednesday, January 20, 2010

ALA/CSI Special Presentation 7th Annual Event

Chicago Permit Process

Tuesday, February 23, 2010

Mission Hills Country Club, Northbrook, IL 5:30 Registration & Dinner 7:00 – 8:30 Program, Q&A

Jerry Pascazio, Deputy Commissioner of the Chicago Dept of Buildings, will explain the plan review process and permit fee calculation. Attendees will earn 1.5 LU’s HSW

“Building Envelope Moisture Problems from 3 Perspectives: Design, Construction and Post Construction” This program will feature three prominent panelists focusing on the planning, reaction and solutions to moisture management hurdles. Panelists: Len Anastasi 2nd Vice Chairman, Air Barrier Association of America, Boston Lucas Hamilton Manager of Building Sciences, CertainTeed, Philadelphia Garret Freeman Industry Sector Manager, Munters, Indianapolis 7:30 - 10:00 AM . . . . . . . .Maggiano’s, 516 N. Clark Street, Chicago, IL 60654 5:15 - 9:00 PM . . . . . . . . .Meridian Banquets, Rolling Meadows, IL 60008 Reserve your space early as this event fills to capacity. Registration and more information are available at www.LicensedArchitect.org or call the ALA office: 847-382-0630. Attendees earn 2.0 LUs HSW/SD. Co-Sponsored by:

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2009 Architecture Conference and Product Show . . . An Overwhelming Educational Success For the eleventh year in a row, attendees converged on the Drury Lane Conference Center in Oakbrook Terrace to participate in a full day of continuing education. Design and construction knowledge was gained not only through the array of seminars presented throughout the day, but also the wide variety of new and veteran exhibitors who showcased their products and services. The day began with Keynote speaker, Phil Waier of Reed Construction Data who traveled from Boston, MA to present the topic "Building Green in a Blue Economy". Held in the Drury Lane Theatre, Mr. Waier offered an overview of LEED and a cost analysis of pursuing LEED certification. (See accompanying Keynote presenter Phil Waier, Reed Construction Data; article on page 46.) Steve Pate, ALA President, and Randy Chapple, 2008 CSI President Three sessions of five different seminar tracks included topics ranging from legal and business to code issues. Many seminars covered sustainability and energy efficiency issues, such as Sustainable Site Design;

Sustainable Fenestration; Indoor Air Quality; and Geothermal, which qualified for Sustainable Design continuing education units as well as Health, Safety, and Welfare. Speakers came from across the country and are recognized experts in their fields. There were ninetynine exhibitors—a new high for the conference, with more new products and technologies on display. Attendees who visited booths received a signature on their card and with the specified number of signatures, were able to Fifteen different seminars were presented during the conference earning up to 6.0 LU’s turn in the completed cards to qualify for the fabulous raffle. Plans are already in the works for next year’s program to be held Tuesday, October 5, 2010 at Drury Lane. ALA members are encouraged to recommend speakers who have valuable knowledge to share with the design community for the conference. Contact Lisa Brooks at 847-382-0630 with your suggestions of qualified presenters.

Congratulations Conference Raffle Winners and Thanks to Donating Companies: Winner

Raffle Item

Donating Company

Richard Bernardini, Architect Ann Marie Hess, Hess Architects Elias Saltz, ESA Architects Atik Rahman, Schundar Group Tom Carpenter, TEC Michael Pusich, SSOE Tom Rasmussen, PACE John B. Weber, Architect William R. Gleason, Architect Yantong Zhao, HLR Christopher Goode, Architect Joe Carroll, CMMR Stanley Tkacz, Studio Design John Breidenbach, Tremco Shiv Sangar, S. Sangar Architects Michelle Schantz, AECOM Doug Gallus, Gallus Architects Jill Deichmann, Primera Glicerio Sambo, Architect

Two Bears Tickets for 12/6 game Hand Carved Bamboo Man $100 Lettuce Entertain You" Certificate $100 Gift Certificate Golf Bag $50 Best Buy Certificate Pizza Oven BBQ Grilling Utensils Fall/Winter work jacket $50 Gift Certificate $50 "Sherwin Williams" Gift Card $50 Lettuce Entertain You Certificate $50 Best Buy Gift Card $50 Best Buy Gift Card Leed's Messenger Bag/Mag-Lite Flashlight Lands' End Fleece Jacket Lands' End Fleece Jacket Apple iPod Starbucks Gift Certificate

JN Lucas & Assoc Mr. Bamboo FDC M. G. Welbel & Associates BASF Wall Systems Cook County Lumber Terrazzo & Marble Supply VT Industries Major Industries, Inc USG Sherwin Williams MAPEI Corp. BASF Building Systems/Sonneborn BASF Polyurethane Spray Foam AZON USA INC YKK AP YKK AP Hafele CertainTeed

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October

te: 2010 Architecture Conference and Product Show Mark the Da October 5, 2010 • Drury Lane Conference Center • Oakbrook Terrace, IL

5th

Exhibitors showcased their products and services

Thank you 2009 Exhibitors: Advanced Building Products, Inc. Airfloor Inc Association of Licensed Architects Alcoa Architectural Products Allen Consulting American Hydrotech, Inc. Amerimix Ameristar Fence Products Amorim Cork Composites Andersen Windows, Inc. Arch Wood Protection Architectural Designs, Inc. ASI Group/Specialties Direct, Inc. ASSA ABLOY-Door Security Solutions Azon USA, Inc. BASF Wall Systems Belmondo, Inc. Black & Decker-US Locks Division Butterfield Color Certainteed Gypsum & Ceilings CETCO Chicago Block & Brick Co., Inc. Cook County Lumber Cornell Communication CPI Daylighting Inc. Chicago Chapter – Construction Specifications Institute Dow Chemical Company FDC Digital Imaging Solutions Granite Transformations Graphisoft Hamill-Mullan Group

Heckmann Building Products, Inc. Illinois Brick Company Illinois Isokern Corp. Illinois Products Corp Image Grille IMAGINiT Technologies Ingersoll Rand-Security Technologies International Masonry Institute Intersource Specialties J.N. Lucas & Associates, Inc. Johns Manville Kuffel, Collimore & Co. Lyon Workspace Products M.G. Welbel & Associates Major Industries, Inc. MAPEI Corp. Marson Art., Ltd. Master Graphics Master Wall Inc. Maxxon Corporation Metropolitan Architectural Brick, Inc. Mold Solutions Mr. Bamboo, Inc. Munters Corp. NABCO Entrances Nass Fresco Finishes National Gypsum Company NexGen Building Supply Northfield-Bend NxStep Products Océ North America, Inc. Pella Windows and Doors

Pilkington North America PPG Industries Rauch Clay Sales Corporation Reading Rock, Inc. REINZINK America Roppe Corporation Rulon Company SaftiFIRST Sika Sarnafil, Inc. Skyco Shading Systems, Inc. Specialty Systems, Inc. Temple-Inland Building Products Terrazzo & Marble Supply Companies The IDM Group The Nugent Sales Group The Sherwin-Williams Company To The Top Home Elevators Trillium Dell Timberworks Unilock USG Versatex Trimboards V-T Architectural Wood Doors W. R. Grace and Company Water Furnace International Weber Furniture Service Weyerhaeuser/I-LEVEL Willis HRH Wojan Window and Door Woodland Windows WoodWorks W-T Mechanical YKK-AP America, Inc.

Thank you to our 2009 Conference Sponsors Keynote Address: Mr. Bamboo

Lanyard Sponsor: M.G. Welbel & Associates

Tote Sponsor: Hamill-Mullan Group

Break Sponsor: Willis HRH

Lunch Sponsor: MAPEI

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CONTRIBUTEDARTICLE

Building Green in a Blue Economy By: Phil Waier, P.E., LEED AP, Principal Engineer of RSMeans he entire topic of sustainable construction must be put into context with current events. President Obama’s Executive Order on October 5 titled "Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance" will have far-reaching impact on the building construction landscape in the United States. The Executive Order requires that the 14 federal agencies define goals for the reduction and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions in their properties across the country. This order also addresses: • Water efficiency • Waste generation • Access to public transportation • Implementing a program to design and construct high performance buildings This is the public initiative the building industry has been waiting for. The "green discussion" has always included government leadership including the DOE Energy Star initiatives or indoor air quality standards from the EPA. Similarly, the building industry has looked to federal leadership to create standards by which carbon emissions will be reduced in US buildings. First I want to ground the discussion in terms of what is going on in the market-place, for I feel this is essential to understand before a discussion of the "costs of building green," as one issue impacts the other. Construction Market Overview RSMeans, a division of Reed Construction Data, collects and makes available information about projects in the planning, design and construction phase. In 2009, the civil, commercial and industrial vertical markets displayed the most significant increase in construction projects. The following chart compares the number of projects and percent dollar value change from 2008 to 2009.

Market Adoption To say that LEED has changed our awareness of sustainability is an understatement. This November in Phoenix there were more than 24,000 registrants and 1,000 exhibitors at GreenBuild 2009. According to the USGBC, the number of LEED Registered commercial projects will top 25,000 by the end of the year and there are 3855 Certified projects. The adoption of green in residential construction is also significant. The National Association of Home Builders projects that between 40% and 50% of the homes built in 2010 are expected to be green. The demand for green has increased as a result of the following: • Unprecedented level of government initiatives • Heightened level of residential demand • Improvements in sustainable materials and equipment A quarry of the project plans and specifications database provides insight into the vertical markets adoption of green. The chart below shows the percentage of projects that specifically reference green materials. Comparative Penetration of Green Specs by Total Project Dollar Volume Across Market Verticals Over Last 4 Years

U.S. New Project Listings on RCD Vertical Market Changes: 2008 to 2009

WHY and How to Build Green There is no doubt that the U.S. buildings consume a great amount of resources. One study presented the following data. Buildings use: 40% 66% 39% 16% 40%

Primary energy Electricity produced CO2 Emissions Potable Water Global Raw Materials

In 2009, the global raw materials percentage may be slightly high due to the emergence of the BRIC countries

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(Brazil, Russia, India and China). These emerging economies are rapidly growing thus competing on the world market for construction commodities. Green building can result in a 24% to 50% reduction in energy use, 33% to 39% reduction in CO2 emissions, 40% reduction in water use and 70% reduction in sold waste. Who can ignore numbers such as these? The best way to build green is to follow the recommendations/ requirements of the three major rating systems. • USGBC – LEED • Energy Star • Green Globes In the case of LEED and Green Globes, both provide a design tool and guide for sustainable construction. They also provide standards that are verified through a third-party rating system. There are two imperatives regarding green construction. They are: 1. Green or sustainability must be a part of the program—not an add-on. 2. Green building requires an integrated project design team. In order to accomplish cost effective green construction, the team must work together to identify strategies and the impact the strategies have on project cost. The Cost of Green There are two different approaches to estimating the cost of green, a high level analysis or a detail discussion. There were four comprehensive high level studies completed regarding the cost of green. • • • •

California’s Sustainable Building Study Davis Langdon Study GSA LEED Cost Study Capital – E

Each study reached approximately the same conclusion. The general range of additional costs related to green range from 0.6% for certified buildings to 6.8% for platinum. If construction costs are assumed to be $150 to $250 per square foot, at a 2% cost premium that equates to $3.00 - $5.00/square foot. The following pie chart shows the distribution of annual costs associated with a typical office building. Salaries of the employees represent the greatest expenditure. Green buildings typically have better indoor air quality and lighting therefore having a positive impact on the greatest cost - labor. LCC – Office Building Including Salaries A 20-year life cycle cost study conducted by Capital – E calculated the 20 year Net Present Value Saving achieved through sustainable construction. It is significant to note that utility and commissioning alone (approx. $15.98/ sq.ft.) far exceed the addititional cost of green (approx. $4.00/sq.ft.). Any increase in worker productivity would be an additional benefit. A detailed discussion of the cost of green will reveal that there are some specific incremental costs. However, the following statements should be considered:

• There is no correlation between a point value of a LEED credit and its cost. • A range of different strategies can often be used to earn the same LEED credit. • The cost of credits can vary widely based upon building type and program. • Some credit costs vary based upon region specific or project specific issues. The known costs of LEED are as follows: • Green building certification fees • Design fees • Commissioning • Possibly energy modeling The LEED review fees are established by the GBCI; they vary with building size. Currently the incremental design cost is approximately 3%. Commissioning is the process of ensuring that systems are designed, installed, functionally tested and capable of being operated and maintained to conform to the design intent. Fundamental commissioning, a prerequisite of LEED is approximately 1% of construction costs; enhanced commissioning adds another approximately 0.5%. According to Lawrence Livermore National laboratory, commissioning can save as much as 40% of a building’s utility bills. The above discussion does indicate that there is an incremental cost to building green. A life cycle analysis can demonstrate that these costs can be recovered over a potentially short period of time. The Capital-E, 20-year net present value analysis shown above demonstrates the savings. Energy modeling can result in earning up to 9 LEED credits for energy efficiency. An energy model costing approximately $25,000 depending on building complexity is an additional cost that must be budgeted. Finally, green construction lives on despite the blue economy. The organizations most committed to sustainability, namely military, government and education, continue to build green on proposed projects. Green is gaining momentum despite the economy. It is encouraging to see the growth of green in residential construction. As sustainability and its benefits permeate our personnel lives, there is greater pressure on corporate America to respond accordingly. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 13 NO. 4 • WINTER 2009

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Quarterly magazine published by the Association of Licensed Architects.

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