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Association of Licensed Architects

$6.00 Volume 14, No. 3 Fall 2010

LicensedArc hitect

What’s Inside:

• 2010 Architecture Conference – October 5, 2010 • 2010 Accessibility Standards adopted by the Department of Justice • ALA Student Merit Winners • Continuing Education Article: Air Leakage and Moisture Movement • Discover Ways to Pay for Historic Rehab Projects • New Outpatient Surgery Code Requirements

The Art of Plastering Class that Lasts!

It’s a fact! No wall finish provides better fire protection, sound control or design flexibility than plaster. Chicago Plastering Institute 5611 West 120th Street Alsip, IL 60803 708-371-3100 Fax 708-371-8290



Today’s plaster walls may be made with conventional plaster and lath, or a faster and more cost-efficient veneer plaster system. Either way, plaster’s tougher surface means that it stands up to abuse better than any other interior finish. And only plaster can offer detailed ornamental treatments, and mouldings that look better, install faster and actually cost less than wood alternatives. For more information about plaster systems and the best professionals to apply them, call us.

ALATHEPRESIDENT’SLETTER September 2010 Dear Readers: This issue highlights institutional architecture including some "member spotlights" from our Chapters. You will also find our Student Merit award winners. Speaking of awards, mark your calendars for November 12, 2010. That is the Design Awards Presentation Dinner with master of ceremonies, Geoffrey Bear from WTTW Channel 11 in Chicago. Medinah Country Club is the location. Our 12th Annual Architecture Conference & Product Show will take place on Tuesday, October 5, 2010 at Drury Lane, Oakbrook Terrace, IL. The keynote speaker will be Mr. Bil Becker, CEO of Aerotecture International, on "Integrating Renewable Energy Technologies into Architecture". This event continues to be an effective way to accumulate up to 6 learning units of continuing education. Remember, there will also be about 100 exhibitors there to display their latest products and services.

Chairman Pat Harris and his crew again planned a first class event for our August Golf Outing held at Tamarack Golf Club in Naperville, Illinois. The only question is "Did we get wet?" Thanks to Pat for all he does for ALA. This is my last letter as President. Before the next issue, a new President will have been elected, and I plan to have her or him address you in Licensed Architect. It has been my privilege to serve and carry on the mission started by our founders. Thank you everyone.


Steven H. Pate President

ALATHEPRESIDENT’SLETT LETTERS TO THE EDITOR August 9, 2010 Editor Journal for the Association of Licensed Architects 22159 N. Pepper Road Barrington, IL 60010 Re: Thompson v. Gordon, et al. Illinois Supreme Court Appeal Editor: We want to thank the members of the ALA Board for authorizing certain legal memoranda to be filed with the Illinois Supreme Court in the name of ALA in a very important case pending before that Court that has the potential of affecting the way all Illinois design professionals transact their business for years to come. We are pleased to report that in July 2010, the Illinois Supreme Court granted our motion to allow our law firm to file a brief amicus curiae (as friend of the court) on behalf of the Association of Licensed Architects and the Illinois Section of the American Society of Civil Engineers in support of Jack E. Leisch & Associates, Inc. and CH2M Hill, Inc. in the matter of Thompson v. Gordon. Our firm, Schuyler, Roche & Crisham, was honored to be allowed to represent the interests of ALA pro bono, before the Illinois Supreme Court. In Thompson, the lower appellate court ruled that the scope of a design professional’s contractual duties potentially can be changed to include broader duties created solely by the opinions of an

unlicensed, out-of-state expert witness. The court also held that an injured plaintiff could blame a design professional for failing to redesign the median barrier of a bridge deck when the engineer did not agree to redesign the barrier in the first place. In the supreme court, we set forth, in detail, the interests of the ALA. We argued that construction contracts purposefully allocate safety and project responsibilities in accord with actual practice and fundamental principles of certainty, transparency and accountability. As a friend of the court, on behalf of ALA, we also explained the chilling effects of the appellate court decision on future contracts and the advancement of safe construction practices in Illinois. We were privileged to serve as a voice for ALA especially given the focus of our practice on representation of design professionals. We remain committed to serving the interests of architects and engineers and when needed, on a pro bono basis for the common good of all design professionals. Very truly yours, SCHUYLER, ROCHE & CRISHAM, P.C. Jeffrey T. Kubes Jean M. Prendergast Michael J. Faley Attorneys at Law




by Kelly P. Reynolds ALA Code Consultant

NEW OUTPATIENT SURGERY CODE REQUIREMENTS he use of outpatient surgery facilities has been popular due to the reduced time for recovery and insurance company savings. They are a cash cow for hospitals and medical centers. Check in, have a minor procedure and go home the same day. In the previous editions of the code, these facilities were classified as Business use group. Now, the 2009 edition of the International Building Code has expanded requirements for these unique facilities.


Section 304 of the building code still classifies outpatient facilities as Business use group. They are not considered Institutional use group due to the following:

• Smoke barriers every 10,000 sq. ft. are required to comply with Section 710. They must be a one-hour fire rated wall with no vent or grill openings. They must extended to the roof deck. Fire-rated doors are the only permitted openings. For ease of movement, they can be on approved hold-upon devices that operate when the fire sprinklers or fire alarm activate. • Travel distance within each smoke barrier cannot exceed 200 feet. • Adequate areas of refuge within the barriers at 30 sq. ft. per each non-ambulatory patient. • Separate and independent exits from the smoke barriers.

• There is no overnight sleeping.

• Fire sprinklers and fire alarm systems throughout the entire facility.

• The ratio of patient to staff is greater in an outpatient facility than in a traditional hospital nursing floor. For example, the outpatient surgical suite will have a surgeon, anesthesiologist, surgical and tech nurse. The hospital floor nurse may be in charge of up to 10 beds at one time, therefore making emergency evacuation more difficult.

OUTPATIENT CLINIC was not defined in previous code editions. They are still a Business use group but defined as "used for medical care on a less than 24-hour basis for individuals who are not rendered incapable of self-preservation by the services provided". They are not to be confused with ambulatory health care facilities.

There is a new definition for Ambulatory Health Care Facility and specific new requirements in Section 422 that emulate those of institutional uses. Those new changes are:

ALA members can call me at 1-800-950-2633 for free answers to your code questions.




Vol. 14, No. 3, Fall 2010

Featured Architects Ellerbe Becket, Inc.


p. 18-20

Mary Washington Healthcare, Stafford Hospital Center Stafford, Virginia

Architect: Ellerbe Becket, Inc.

JMA Architects

Photography: Don Pearse Photographers, Inc.

p. 22-24 Kehoe-Henry & Associates, Inc.

p. 26-28 n order to meet the increased need for health services in rapidly growing Stafford County, Virginia, Mary Washington Healthcare embarked on a strategic initiative to build the new Stafford Hospital. Completed in 2008, this 100-bed community hospital is located on a 65-acre site adjacent to a wetland preserve on the edge of Stafford’s emerging downtown.


Shive-Hattery Architecture + Engineering

p. 30-32

ARTICLES 7 Helping Clients Discover Ways to Pay for Historic Rehab Projects Nearly everyone will agree that the single most indispensible element is financing - no money, no project. Learn about the incentives as they relate to financing. by Gary L. Cole AIA, ALA, Esq.

12 Overplaying Your Hand - Gathering Evidence to Support Your Position This article discusses the importance of gathering evidence when having been served with a summons and complaint. by Robert G. Stanton, CPCU, ARM, RPLU

14 2010 Accessibility Standards adopted by the Department of Justice An updated release of regulations and standards by the Department of Justice in regard to the 2004 Americans with Disabilities Act/Architectural Barrier Act (ADA/ABA) Accessibility Guidelines. by Kimberly Paarlberg, International Code Council

16 What is “Green Roofing?” Today, Green Roofing means so much more as we’re transitioning into an environmentally-friendly and aware society. by Marty Jolly, GenFlex Roofing Systems

34 The ‘MININESS and the MANYNESS’ of Childcare Centers and the Need for Program Criteria With childcare centers, designers can often find themselves exploring new territory because of the ‘mininess’ and ‘manyness’ of the activities, toys, equipment, furniture, cabinetry, supplies, and fixtures to be included. by Gretchen Anderson, PH.D., and Dianne Philibosian, PH.D

36 Continuing Education: An Introduction to Gypsum Shaftwall Systems It is important for architects to understand the components of gypsum shaftwall systems, where and how they are typically used, and how to properly specify them using current CSI MasterFormat™ divisions. by Pamela Shinkoda, P.Eng., CSC CertainTeed Gypsum LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 3 • FALL 2010







ADA Advice


ALA Chapters


Architecture Conference

James J. Belli, FALA Richard Brownlee, ALA Jeff Budgell, ALA Tom Harkins (Affiliate) Doug Gallus, FALA (Chapter Delegate) Rick Gilmore, FALA Jeff Whyte, ALA Horatiu Wolff, FALA (Illinois Delegate)


Case Study


Continuing Education Article



Contributed Article - Green Roofing


Contributed Article - Child Care Centers


Insurance Info

Steven H. Pate, FALA - President James K. Zahn, Esq., FALA, Vice President Mark Van Spann, FALA - Secretary Patrick C. Harris, FALA - Treasurer Peg McLean, Executive Director


Lisa Brooks Robert Davidson, FALA Patrick C. Harris, FALA Steven H. Pate, FALA



Code Corner


Legal Issues



GRAPHIC DESIGN/MAGAZINE Midwest Type and Imaging ALA, Inc. serves the architectural profession. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form without the express written consent of the publisher. Published in the U.S.A.,© 2010 by ALA, Inc. All rights reserved. Opinions expressed in articles are not necessarily those of ALA, Inc. Any reference to a product or service is not to be construed as an endorsement of same. Advertising published in Licensed Architect does not constitute nor imply an endorsement or recommendation of the advertiser’s products by ALA, Inc., or any of its members. ALA reserves the right to review all advertising for acceptability.


New Members


Student Merit Winners

- Advertisers Thank you to our Advertisers - they make this magazine possible A & E Group of Willis HRH Berg Engineering Consultants, Ltd. CertainTeed CPI Daylighting Chicago Plastering Institute Chicagoland Roofing Council Coleman, Hull & van Vliet, PLLP Crivello, Carlson, S.C. Hill Mechanical Group

For advertising, or membership information, call or write Peg McLean at: ALA, 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 Phone: (847) 382-0630; Fax: (847) 382-8380; E-mail: ALA@ALAtoday.org Web Site: www.ALAtoday.org



17 41 33 13 2 29 35 35 11

Kelly P. Reynolds & Associates, Inc. 45 Marvin Windows 52 Masonry Advisory Council 25 Master Graphics 21 Northfield-Bend Company Back Cover SABO & ZAHN 35 Spancrete 4 Tee Jay Service Company 15 WaterFurnace 53

Moving? Please let us know if you have an address correction, wish to submit news items, press releases, or an article, write to: Peg McLean at ALA 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 Phone: (847) 382-0630 • Fax: (847) 382-8380 E-mail: ALA@licensedarchitect.org


New Services for Architects:

Helping Clients Discover Ways to Pay for Historic Rehab Projects sk a roomful of architects what each thinks is the most important element of a successful project and you’ll likely receive as many different answers as there are architects answering. Nearly everyone will agree that the single most indispensable element of any project is financing – no money, no project. Real estate developers are always searching for two things: quality projects and ways to pay for them. For purposes of this article, the latter is where architects come in. Though helping developers find ways to finance projects isn’t typically defined in their scope of services, architects involved in historic rehab may be able to expand their services and enhance their marketability by helping clients obtain Historic Rehabilitation Financial Incentives (Historic Rehab Incentives). In these challenging economic times of reduced demand for traditional architectural services, architects who retool their skill sets and embrace new practice opportunities may gain a competitive edge in the market by providing services with unique economic value which, unlike their traditional design and construction services, can be easily quantified and are always in demand. 1. Historic Rehabilitation Financial Incentives – Benefits and Availability What are Historic Rehabilitation Financial Incentives? Historic Rehab Incentives are financial incentives offered by local, state or Federal governmental entities for rehabilitating properties that are either locally landmarked and/or listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and are intended to encourage reinvestment in historic properties. While in some ways these incentives represent found money to developers, found money isn’t exactly the same as free money – as in a pot of gold – and in this case the gold is often guarded by one or more local, state or Federal governmental entities. For all the administrative hoops and hurdles government sometimes imposes, the potential bump to a qualifying project’s proforma can make the difference between a successful historic rehab project - or - no project at all. Historic Rehab Incentives Benefits and Availability Historic Rehab Incentives take a wide variety of forms and can sometimes be used in conjunction with non-historic development incentives. Depending on the project, developers may simultaneously qualify for incentives that offer income tax credits or deductions, property tax abatements or Federal or state grants or property tax-derived grants from tax-increment financing districts (TIFs). Though less common, incentives could simply be favorable lending terms for construction or long-term financing, or even something as simple as an accelerated local permit review which may shorten a project’s loan carry time. Even public financing, such as municipal bonds, should be investigated for availability. The most common Historic Rehab Incentive programs are: the Federal Historic Tax Credit Program, the Property Tax Assessment Freeze Program (Illinois), Class ‘L’ Tax Benefits (Cook County, Illinois), Ad Valorem Tax Exemption for Historic Properties (Florida), and the somewhat misnamed "façade easement," with many states offering their own unique incentives. Non-historic incentives that can sometimes be used in combination with historic rehab projects include, but are not limited to: Low-Income Housing

By Gary L. Cole AIA, ALA, Esq.

Tax Credits, New Markets Tax Credits, and environmental and energy efficiency-based incentives. Both historic and non-historic tax credits can sometimes be sold to investors to generate much - needed project equity. Determining the possible combinations of available historic and non-historic incentives and how best to maximize their benefits is as much art as science and is part of the creative financial challenge involved in financing historic rehab projects. Architects should be knowledgeable about the potential value of the various Historic Rehab Incentives, but since applying for and receiving incentive approvals can be a lengthy and uncertain process, representations or warranties of their actual value should always be avoided – best left to the client’s accountants and legal team. Architects are most valuable in providing services that complement their traditional services by using their in-depth project knowledge to act as facilitators and liaisons between their clients and governmental entities and shepherding applications through the administrative process. The availability of incentives will depend in part on a project’s geographic location, historic status and planned rehabilitation. Much research will be required to determine the available incentives. The Internet has made this easier, but phone calls and personal meetings with governmental entities are important for building relationships and exploring opportunities not listed online. Once potential incentives are identified, the next step in the analysis should be sorting out the viable from the non-viable programs to create a short list of possibilities for further investigation. 2. Administrative Requirements and Working with Governmental Entities Though most Historic Rehab Financial Incentive programs are administered by one or more local, state or Federal governmental entities, some, such as the "façade easement," usually involve working with preservation-related not-for-profit organizations. At the local level, many cities with historic districts, especially if they’re Certified Local Governments, have historic preservation commissions. The City of Chicago has the Commission on Chicago Landmarks. Each state has a preservation regulatory agency that serves a number of roles such as administering Historic Rehab Incentive programs, preservation advocacy, technical assistance, National Register of Historic Places assistance and state and (Continued on page 8)



LEGALISSUES (Continued from page 7)

Federal regulatory enforcement. In Illinois, that agency is the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. At the Federal level, the National Park Service provides many of the same services that the state historic preservation offices provide and the two often collaborate on project review. Even preservation-related not-for-profit organizations such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation should be investigated for possible Historic Rehab Financial Incentives opportunities. When working with preservation-related governmental entities, a few considerations are offered: Who and How. Research should be conducted to determine: which governmental entities administer which incentives, whether any coordination between local, state and Federal entities is required, the documents required for each incentive application, the correct contact people within each entity, and the administrative procedures that applicants and governmental entities are required to follow under the law. Attitude and Approach. As an Historical Architect with the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency prior to law school and embracing the Dark Side (according to my architect and preservation friends), I observed that almost without exception preservation-related governmental entities are both passionate and professional in the services they provide. As such, architects should always approach these entities with an attitude about historic preservation that encourages mutual respect and cooperation. Architects should also remember that they’re being paid to advocate on their clients’ behalf, which sometimes means taking positions contrary to that of government’s. While a tactful and professional approach, accompanied by supporting facts and good reasoning is usually most productive, architects should also be familiar with a governmental entity’s chain of command in the event higher-level members are needed to weigh-in on the ultimate approval or denial of incentive applications. Architects who provide Historic Rehab Incentive services should learn not only the legal and technical aspects of historic preservation, but should become fluent in the vernacular of Historic Preservation. For example, the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation is just "the Standards." The National Register of Historic Places is just "the Register." The National Trust for Historic Preservation is just "the Trust," and there exists a whole alphabet of acronyms to be learned as well. To my knowledge, preservationists don’t have secret handshakes to identify each other – it’s simply a matter of noticing the set jaws and flinty gleams in the eyes of those who recall the fate of Penn Station or the old Chicago Stock Exchange building – or any local landmark for that matter. Meetings, Documents and Records. If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a project site visit by a government representative – preferably during a project’s planning phase – is worth a thousand pictures. Savvy developers often request site visits prior to taking ownership of a property. Site visits allow government representatives to see projects firsthand and assess the existing conditions and the impact of planned rehabs on their historic character and features. Problems and solutions should be identified as early as possible. Detailed records of meetings and phone calls should be kept and emails and other correspondence should be saved. Sharing


summary memos is an effective way of tracking important meetings and decisions - and for jogging faulty memories. 3. The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation – What They Mean and What They Really Mean Central to any project’s approval for Historic Rehab Incentives is its compliance with The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation (the "Standards"), which are published by the National Park Service (NPS) as a set of guiding concepts to ensure that properties retain their essential historic character during rehabilitation. While complying with the Standards can mean qualifying for incentives, failing to comply almost always means denial. In addition to denied Historic Rehab Incentives, locally landmarked projects that fail to meet the Standards may also fail to obtain permit approval from local historic preservation commissions. Despite the importance of a historic rehab project’s compliance with the Standards and despite some of the Standard’s interpretations having become a little calcified over the decades, they most definitely aren’t carved in stone. The Standards are not prescriptive specifications; they are performance guidelines that require interpretation on a case-bycase basis. The NPS describes the Standards as follows: "The Standards are a series of concepts about maintaining, repairing and replacing historic materials, as well as designing new additions or making alterations. They cannot, in and of themselves, be used to make decisions about which features of a historic property should be preserved and which might be changed. But once an appropriate treatment is selected, the Standards provide philosophical consistency to the work." "The Standards are to be applied to specific rehabilitation projects in a reasonable manner, taking into consideration economic and technical feasibility." Architects should have both a thorough understanding of how the Standards are commonly interpreted by governmental preservation entities and of their plain meaning - the ordinary meaning of their language as gathered from a simple, plain reading of their text – without interpretation. Of course, the plain meaning isn’t always that plain. Consider Standard No. 6, for example, which states: "Deteriorated historic features shall be repaired rather than replaced. Where the severity of deterioration requires replacement of a distinctive feature, the new feature shall match the old in design, color, texture, and other visual qualities and, where possible, materials. Replacement of missing features shall be substantiated by documentary, physical, or pictorial evidence." While this seems fairly straightforward, ambiguity and interpretation lurk everywhere – just as in the first sentence. What does ‘"deteriorated" mean? How much deterioration is too much? What’s an "historic feature?" What constitutes a proper "repair"? Who knows? Since no two projects are the same, interpretations of the Standards must be adapted to each project. It’s important that it’s done in a consistent, logical and legally defensible way. Neither developers nor governmental (Continued on page 44)



Association of Licensed Architects

Join now and become a member of a dynamic growing organization of architects ALA (The Association of Licensed Architects) is an organization open to all architects and professions related to architecture. It represents architects registered or licensed in any state, territory or possession of the United States, and foreign countries. ALA is committed to expanding its membership and professional services. ALA was founded in the fall of 1999 by a group of architects who formerly served as Board Members of other Architects’ Associations. In November of 1999, ALA was joined by ISA (Illinois Society of Architects), the oldest independent state organization in the country, which brought valued expertise and historic significance to the Association. Over the past few years, ALA has experienced rapid growth, record attendance at its dynamic programs and great progress under the leadership of the President, the Executive Board, and stewardship of the Executive Director. It continues to charge affordable dues, offer and expand its real services, and publishes a professional magazine with a superior reputation for content, technical information and featured architects. ALA’s mission is to advance the Architectural Profession through education and by supporting and improving the profession’s role in the built environment. ALA’s vision is to positively impact the Architectural Profession through the power of organization. Its purpose is to unite, educate, promote, and advance the Architectural Profession and address critical issues confronting it. ALA will support the efforts of other Associations, when combined efforts will produce benefits for all. ALA will work and speak for members of the Architectural Profession and improve communication with the community through programs offering information, education and cooperation. It proposes to advance and contribute to the general health, safety and welfare of the general public and believes in stimulating and encouraging continuing education plus the advancement of the art and science of architecture. ALA’s motto is "Architects united to advance the Profession of Architecture."


What ALA can do for YOU!

BENEFITS FOR MEMBERS: Professional & Emeritus Members • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Professional Designation Project Referral Legislative Monitoring Continuing Education and CEU credits Health and Insurance Programs Short Contracts: Owner/Architects Quarterly Magazine “Legal” and “Code” Hot Lines Membership Certificate Media Platform to Publish Work Professional Design Awards Program Student Merit and Design Awards Intern Development Assistance Program Internet and E-mail Capability Networking & Interaction with Industry-Related Professionals Membership Directory Annual Trade Show Seminars/Programs at Reduced Rates Professional Information Personal Involvement Voting Privileges Special Purchasing Rates

Affiliate, Associate, Student and Honorary Members • Same as professional members with the exception of voting privileges and professional designation

Involvement is an Investment in your Future! Share Experiences, Write an Article, Publish Design Work, Serve on a Task Force







Collective strength provides a wellspring of knowledge



What the Association of Licensed Architects can do for YOU! ALA will provide you with:


• Information • Education • Research • Networking • Referral Service • Professional Practice Techniques

Reap the Benefits! SUPPORT your PROFESSION!

Please complete the application below and mail with your tax deductible check made out to ALA, 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 For information call 847-382-0630 or E-mail: ALA@licensedarchitect.org Registration is now available on-line at ALAtoday.org

ALA Membership Application 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 (1) Full Name

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(5) Project types: (6) Number of employees in firm/corporation: (7) Current Membership in other Professional Organizations: (8) Referred by: Make Check payable to ALA (9) ALA Membership Category Applying For: ■ PROFESSIONAL - Licensed architects = $95.00 ■ SENIOR - Licensed retired architect 65 or over = $65.00 ■ AFFILIATE - Industry or related professionals = $150.00 ■ ASSOCIATE - Architecture degree/non-licensed = $65.00 ■ STUDENT - Full time/Architecture Schools = $25.00 ■ International Members (add for postage) ■ Europe = $35.00 ■ Far East = $40.00

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Overplaying Your Hand Gathering Evidence to Support Your Position By Robert G. Stanton, CPCU, ARM, RPLU

ave you ever been in a position where you had an advantage in a situation and pressed the advantage to the maximum, only to find that your aggressive posture caused you more harm than good? Not only did you lose the high ground, but your best weapon was rendered ineffective due to the error in judgment to press the issue too far too fast. This happens more frequently than you think in the area of site visitations by design professionals. Let’s look at a couple of examples. In our first example, the design professional attended the site on a scheduled visit. In the course of observing the site, the designer on site noted that the drywall was being installed even though it showed evidence of mold. The designer, having brought along a digital camera, began to take pictures of the moldy drywall being installed and made a note on his site report. The work was rejected and the designer recommended the drywall be torn out and replaced. Thinking the photographs would really show the

need for the rejected, the designer provided them with the report within 24 hours of the visit. After the project was completed, the designer was served with a Summons & Complaint relative to mold in the building. The designer provided his counsel with his information relative to the site visits, including the pictures taken when the issue was raised relative to the moldy drywall. The designer also provided copies of the site report where the work was rejected, specifically for the presence of mold on the drywall. Feeling confident he had properly documented the problem, the designer felt this issue did not present a significant exposure to the firm. You can imagine his shock when his attorney called up and said, "We have a huge problem." Stunned, the designer asked, "What could possibly be the problem? You have all the pictures and documents from our visits! We rejected the work!" The attorney advised "yeah, but the photographs present a real problem for us. There are things on the photos that the other side is saying we should have caught, and that are now being considered your negligence." Later, when designer and his attorney met, the attorney showed where the insured did a good job of showing the issues with the drywall, but that in the background of the picture there were air ducts sitting in water unprotected from the weather on the jobsite. The fact the designer did not raise these issues at the time was a problem. The Owner’s attorney was taking the position that the ductwork sitting in the water in an unprotected state was an open and obvious condition the designer should have caught had he been attentive on the jobsite. The Owner’s attorney considered this a failure to meet the standard of care relative to the jobsite observation duties the designer was to provide under the contract. In another situation, the designer was asked by the Owner to terminate the contractor. The designer properly took the position that his contract is with the Owner, and not the contractor, and

You can imagine his shock when his attorney called up and said, "We have a huge problem."



that the only party that could terminate the contractor was the Owner. The designer did not have much respect for the contractor based on the project was substantially behind schedule and there were a significant amount of times that work needed to be rejected as it did not even generally conform to the plans and specifications. The designer felt the project would be better served with another contractor. The designer indicated he would prepare a report to the Owner relative to the current status of the project. Utilizing the construction schedule and the schedule of values, the designer was able to provide objective evidence to show the project was behind schedule. During a couple of site visits, the designer noted the contractor was not on the site, and that the weather was such that work could have been performed. Site reports were drafted in a manner to detail these issues to the Owner. As far as the quality of work was concerned, the designer had concerns as well. In order to present to the Owner his concerns, the designer brought out a video camera and began to walk the site and film the conditions. To enhance his presentation, the designer did commentary in areas where specific problems were noted. The designer presented his report to the Owner, and based on the report, the Owner terminated the contractor. The contractor, in response, filed a Complaint for payment of the balance of the contract. When the Owner filed its Answer and counter-claim, the designer was added as a thirdparty defendant, and the allegations arose from "inadequate site supervision." The main evidence against the design professional was the video with commentary, which the Owner’s counsel indicated showed the site presence by the designer was inadequate. In the first scenario, the designer had the right idea to provide visual evidence as to why the work was rejected. However, in the rush to get the video evidence, the designer failed to ensure that the photographs only captured what they wanted captured. The zoom should have been set to capture only the drywall, and nothing else. In the second scenario, the designer attempted to go "above and beyond" to provide the Owner what it needed. In his rush to do so, the designer attempted to pile on as much evidence against the contractor as possible. Unfortunately, such a tactic blew up in the designer’s face as he forgot to consider the "whole" impact of the video with commentary.

Therefore, when taking a position or any action on a project, consideration should be taken to ensure that whatever you are producing is not going to create trouble for you. In both cases, the actions taken by the designer seemed benign on face value and directed towards supporting their position or judgment, but ended up being problematic. Both of these examples are evidence of overplaying your hand.

Robert G. Stanton, CPCU, ARM RPLU, is Vice President of Risk Management for Willis A&E Group. Willis A&E is a full-service brokerage firm with 30 years of specializing in addressing the needs of architects and engineers insurance and risk management needs. If you would like to know more, please visit the Willis Website at www.WillisAE.com.




2010 Accessibility Standards adopted by the Department of Justice By: Kimberly Paarlberg, International Code Council

n July 26, 2010, at a celebration for the 20th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), President Barack Obama announced the release of updated regulations and standards by the Department of Justice (DOJ). DOJ has announced its adoption of the 2004 Americans with Disabilities Act/Architectural Barrier Act (ADA/ABA) Accessibility Guidelines, which will now be called the 2010 Accessibility Standards. Once the documents are officially published in the Federal Register, the rules will take effect in six months. At six months there is the choice of following either the 1991 Standards or the 2010 Standards. After 18 months, compliance with the 2010 standard will be mandatory. In setting the effective date, DOJ sought to allow sufficient time for transitioning to the updated standards so as not to disrupt design and construction projects already underway. The guidelines will be the enforceable DOJ standards for most buildings including institutional, commercial, recreational, transportation and government facilities. The 2004 ABA/ADA standards are already adopted and used by the U.S. Government Service Administration, Postal Service, Department of Transportation and Department of Defense (http://www.accessboard.gov/ada-aba/guide.htm). New requirements in the regulations address recreation and detention facilities, social service programs, and university housing. The new rules and

additional information are available on DOJ’s ADA website at http://www.ada.gov/regs2010/ADAregs2010.htm. References are also provided for a fact sheet that provides a summary of key changes as well as a detailed analysis. Both the fact sheet and the analysis are very helpful. For example, there are multiple drawings comparing the single use toilet room layout requirements between the 1991 and 2004 standard. The new single occupant bathroom requirements are one example of consistency between the 2010 Standard and the current requirements in ICC/A117.1. With the cooperation of the International Code Council (ICC), U.S. Access Board and other interested parties, the International Building Code (IBC) and ICC A117.1Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities are already extensively coordinated with the new federal regulations. A free comparison matrix of the 2006 IBC, 2003 A117.1, 1991 ADAAG and 2004 ADA/ABA Accessibility Guidelines is available on the ICC website. The ICC is very proud that the 2010 Standard references the IBC for accessible means of egress requirements. The 2010 Standard will also reference NFPA 70 for audible and visible alarm requirements. This reliance on nationally recognized code and standards from the private sector is

“The guidelines will be the enforceable DOJ standards for most buildings including institutional, commercial, recreational, transportation and government facilities.”



another positive step forward in the reduction of possible conflicts in the interpretation of the standards and regulations. While the 2010 Standard will provide some new requirements on residential dwelling units, the scope is limited to dwelling units provided by public entities subject to ADA Title II. The requirements are then additionally split between those dwelling units covered by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, and those Title II housing projects not covered under Section 504. Most other multi-family housing will be covered under the Fair Housing Act (FHA). The IBC with the ICC A117.1 has been certified by Housing and Urban Development (HUD) as a ‘safe harbor’ document for compliance with the Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines (FHAG). The new regulations from DOJ also uses the term ‘safe harbor,’ but this is in a different context and deals more with barrier removal requirements. This difference will be explained further in a later article. The adoption of the 2010 Standard will be a boon to everyone involved in the building industry. In addition to the coordination efforts, the new format of the 2010 Standard is very similar to building codes and standards. The new verbage makes many requirements easier to understand and to reach compliance. The coordination efforts will also continue – the newest edition of the ICC A117.1 will include the technical provisions for recreational facilities found in the 2010 standard. Much thanks to the ICC A117.1 development committee and

the Access Board members and staff in supporting the outstanding coordination efforts that have happened so far, and, hopefully, will continue in the future. The IBC and ICC A117.1 will continue to include accessibility provisions. The three and fiveyear development cycles for the IBC and ICC A117.1 respectively, allow for new technologies and areas to be addressed in a more timely manner than currently available through the federal regulations. For example, the next edition of IBC and ICC A117.1 will include requirements for variable message signage provided in transportation facilities. At the same time, there are areas outside of the standard building code reviews that will be best addressed by the Access Board. Four notices of proposed rules were published on July 26 that addressed four new areas: web accessibility; movie captioning and video description; accessibility for Next Generation 9-1-1; and equipment and furniture. Comments will be accepted for 180 days. Additional information can be found at http://www.ada.fov/anprm2010.htm. The Access Board has also announced that they will be looking at new rules for classroom acoustics. By the way, if you heard a lot of cheers and whoops of joy on July 26, there was the celebration of the 20th anniversary of the ADA, but it might also have been me expressing my great joy at DOJ’s adoptions of the 2010 Standard. I have been waiting for this for a long time!

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What is

"Green Roofing"? By Marty Jolly, GenFlex Roofing Systems

n the past, the word "green" typically implied a color. Today, it means so much more as we’re transitioning into an environmentally-friendly and aware society. However, there’s a growing state of confusion as to what exactly "Green Roofing" means. The choices are almost infinite and each has a price tag. At least a cursory knowledge of what’s out there is required before you can weigh the benefits against the costs. This is especially true for single-ply roofing, which has an almost limitless array of design and installation options that make them perfectly suited for today’s world. It’s important to weigh the numerous environmental benefits against the short and long-term costs to determine the most appropriate products for the situation. Let's look at the four primary roofing components that offer a "green" impact: roof insulation, adhesive, roofing materials and materials on or above the roof. Insulation Many designers will tell you that the easiest way to go green, with the highest ROI, is by adding more insulation. If the insulation under

An aerial view of a completed, standard TPO installation

the membrane effectively stops the heat from leaving in the winter, or entering in the summer, then the color or temperature of the roof surface itself becomes almost irrelevant. The resultant lower cooling/heating costs will prove the added R-Value to be a wise shortterm investment that will pay dividends well into the future. Another common recommendation when using rigid insulation board is to install the insulation in multiple layers, with the joints offset from layer to layer. This may increase the labor associated with installing the insulation, but it will eliminate the thermal loss at continuous, open joints associated with single layer installations. In addition, the development of new generation, non-organic, high R-Value cover board products offers a more efficient alternative than traditional products. New thin, high-density polyiso cover boards are

easy to handle and install, and offer incredible compressive strength without compromising thermal resistance. High density products can offer an R-value as high as 2.5 for a one-half inch thick board. Adhesives Almost every single-ply roof system requires some use of bonding adhesive to either adhere the field membrane to the insulation or adhere flashing membrane to vertical walls, or both. The most common of these, contact-type bonding adhesives, consist of solvents (source of volatile organic compounds, or VOCs) and solids. The release of these VOCs during the actual installation of the roof is the biggest concern to the environment. To address these concerns, increased VOC or air quality regulations started with the South Coast Air Quality Management District in California, and recently expanded with the Ozone Transport Commission (OTC), on the east coast. More stringent regulations will continue to spread across the country, impacting the products required for installing a roof system. Manufacturers have updated product offerings to include products that use exempt solvent solutions. These products are invariably more expensive. The adhesives with the exempt solvents also perform differently than the older, non-exempt solvent systems, meaning, in real world terms, that they take longer to "flash off," increasing installation time. A growing alternative to low-VOC adhesives are selfadhering membranes. They have factory-applied adhesive, making installation faster and easier. They also eliminate the VOCs from a bonding adhesive, significantly reducing the overall VOCs released while installing the entire system. Roofing Material The environmental benefits of the roofing material itself are most closely related to its reflectivity. LEED standards state that in order to reduce heat islands and minimize the impact on the environment, roofing materials should have a Solar Reflective Index (SRI) of at least 78 on at least 75 percent of the roof’s surface. The reflectivity of a roof is derived from the color and the surface texture of the roof surface. White TPO membranes often offer the highest reflectivity rates; SRI often rate in the 90s. White EPDM options entering the (Continued on page 41)



Introduction to

Featured Architects Spotlight on Institutional Projects

pages 18-20, 22-24, 26-28, 30-32



Featured Architect

Founded in 1909 in Saint Paul, Minn., Ellerbe Becket, an AECOM Company is internationally recognized as a leader in the architecture, engineering and interior design industries. Through global reach and broad expertise, the firm has designed nearly every major building type in all 50 United States and in 20 countries. Areas of expertise include healthcare, sports, corporate/commercial, higher education and government project types. One of the hallmarks of the firm’s success are the long-term relationships it maintains with clients as diverse as Mayo Clinic, Partners Harvard Medical International, South Korea’s Yonsei University Medical Center, Sanford Health, Target Corporation, the University of Minnesota, the University of Oregon and numerous federal agencies. In October 2009, Ellerbe Becket made a strategic decision to become part of the global consultancy AECOM, one of the largest and most diverse design firms in the world. Coming at the 100-year mark in the firm’s legacy, this evolution reflects strategic planning for the future, positioning Ellerbe Becket and its employees to meet clients’ growing needs in an increasing complex and competitive world. As part of AECOM, Ellerbe Becket offers access to greater resources and the benefits of connected expertise and a holistic approach to place making. Regardless of project size, Ellerbe Becket’s architectural and engineering practice can be informed by a broad range of knowledge: economic and environmental analysis, planning and urban design, landscape architecture, building engineering, high-performance buildings, and program and construction management. Together, Ellerbe Becket and AECOM are pleased to embrace and advance our collective vision to enhance and sustain the world’s built, natural and social environments for our clients and the communities that we serve.

Mary Washington Healthcare, Stafford Hospital Center Stafford, Virginia In order to meet the increased need for health services in rapidly growing Stafford County, Virginia, Mary Washington Healthcare embarked on a strategic initiative to build the new Stafford Hospital. Completed in 2008, this 100-bed community hospital is located on a 65-acre site adjacent to a wetland preserve on the edge of Stafford’s emerging downtown. The hospital design capitalizes on the topographic opportunities presented by the greenfield site. A cruciform arrangement of primary circulation divides the site into distinct quadrants and serves as the organizing principle of both building and landscape. The massing of the hospital clusters compactly around the intersection of the axes, with the main reception and visitor elevators intuitively located at the center. The entry canopy and lobby define the north-south entry axis that begins at the main campus entrance and continues past reception to visitor parking beyond. A spectacular three-story atrium with a sinuously curving glass curtainwall defines the east-west "Main Street" that links the medical procedure zone to the east and nursing units to the west.

Photography: Don Pearse Photographers, Inc.



Featured Architect

University of Oregon, Matthew Knight Arena Eugene, Oregon The University of Oregon and National Championship Properties, its public not-for-profit arena development entity, commissioned Ellerbe Becket and TVA Architects to design a new arena for Oregon Ducks basketball program. As a replacement for the storied McArthur Court – with its legendary home court advantage – one primary goal in the design of "Matt Court" was to establish an intimate house for basketball, with the phrase "Theater for Basketball" becoming the standard for the project. The capacity of 12,500 for basketball includes club seating and donor seating. The facility will be unique in Division I, with the university opting to not provide traditional luxury suites in favor of preserving the intimacy factor within the seating bowl. The complex will anchor the primary public entry to the campus in Eugene and the building is planned as an important destination for the university and for community to meet. The arena will accommodate practice, training, and administrative functions. An academic center serving all student-athletes is nearby. The project will be a celebration of OREGON ATHLETICS with the interiors becoming an immersive branded environment celebrating both the past and the future. Green design is mandated by the state of Oregon, and the new Matthew Knight Arena is designed to exceed state requirements for sustainable design. The project is designed to exceed state requirements for sustainable design, and is expected to achieve LEED® Gold certification.

Courtesy of Hoffman Construction

Sustainable design features include: • Extensive use of FSC-certified wood • Bike parking and transitfriendly design • Solar panels / solar design • Green energy • Water filtration • Use of green materials, low VOC paints, materials made from recycled content

Courtesy of Ellerbe Becket



Featured Architect

Yonsei University Medical Center New Severance Hospital Seoul, South Korea Yonsei University Medical Center has been the largest private medical institution in Korea for over a century. Facing southwest toward the city, the campus gently rises up Ahn Mountain. Over time, changes in healthcare delivery and technology had caused the campus to become physically constricted, less flexible and inwardly focused. The buildings did not afford views to the mountain and the city, nor did they create a comforting and inviting image of the future of healthcare. Designed by Ellerbe Becket in association with Junglim Architects and Kesson International, the new Severance Hospital establishes a new identity the campus; the 20-story bed tower marks the campus center and unifies the campus symbolically with the mountain beyond. The New Severance Hospital is a 1,600,000-square-foot, 1000bed project designed to serve the dynamic needs of healthcare. From the onset of the project, the client asked that the new hospital reflect an environment of well-being; incorporate cutting-edge technology; and be worthy to draw visitors from all over the world. The client hoped when people visited, "they would be moved to tell others." The project’s biggest design challenge was fitting the large building onto the allotted, sloping site. By splitting the hospital’s two primary components with a monumental, four-story stair punctuated with roof gardens, mountain views and water features, designers not only have preserved the connection, they created a journey across the campus through the hospital to the mountain.

Photography: Kim Yong Kwan





Featured Architect

JMA Architects was established in 1954 as a single employee, sole proprietorship and has evolved over the past half century into a medium sized corporation. JMA’s high client retention rate can be directly attributed to excellent customer service and attention to detail. We are proud to serve numerous school districts, municipalities, religious facilities, financial institutions, industrial facilities, as well as individual developers. We truly appreciate all of our clients and are honored to have the opportunity to serve them. The Principal of the firm, Jim Maciejewski, joined the firm almost 20 years ago. The priorities instilled in him from his successor were to listen to the client, be attentive to their needs, and work as a team to accomplish their goals. JMA has taken that team approach even further by adding construction management to its list of services. By providing construction management, JMA is active from design inception, through ground breaking, and finally to project completion. Our clients have experienced the benefits of this approach in both cost savings and scheduling. The projects highlighted below are just a sampling of the work we have completed. We thank our clients for the opportunity to showcase what we have accomplished and demonstrate what can be achieved by working as a team.

Academy for Learning, ECHO Joint Agreement The Academy for Learning High School (AFL) is a public day school designed to meet the educational and therapeutic needs of students not experiencing success in their home high schools due primarily to behavioral/emotional problems. Individual student behaviors vary greatly, ranging from aggression to withdrawal. The AFL is part of the ECHO (Exceptional Children Have Opportunities) Joint Agreement, which serves 17 school districts. Working together with the 17 district Superintendents, as well as the administrative staff of the AFL, JMA designed and provided construction management services to renovate the dilapidated and vandalized, 50,000 square foot commercial building. The building now contains 28 classrooms, as well as a gymnasium, a multipurpose room/cafeteria with kitchen, an inhouse detention area, a vocational education room, a life skills lab, several administrative offices and conference rooms. JMA has successfully completed numerous renovations on buildings that were transformed from uninhabitable, neglected shells to state of the art, technologically advanced structures of which their owners can be proud. Photography: Allison Maciejewski



Featured Architect

Kellar Junior High School, School District 1431/2, Posen-Robbins, Illinois Located in Posen-Robbins, Illinois, School District 143 1/2 was faced with a growing school population and limited expansion potential. The District maximized their resources by simultaneously conducting three building additions to Gordon Elementary, Posen Elementary and Kellar Junior High. Originally constructed in 1953, Kellar Junior High School posed the largest challenge. Aside from a weak infrastructure (water and sewage lines that were in need of repair), the 32,194 square foot addition needed to envelope the south/southeast perimeter of the existing building. Additionally, the project needed to be completed while school was in session, which meant minimal disruption to the children’s daily activities. The educational program requirements stipulated that nine additional classrooms, a science lab, and two additional labs, as well as, a gymnasium, additional wash/locker rooms and administrative offices be added. Also, the existing lunchroom needed to be renovated into a tiered music room and an art room. The existing gym was transformed into a new lunchroom/multi-purpose room equipped with a stage and full sound and lighting system. JMA provided both architectural and construction management services for these three projects. All three were completed simultaneously, on schedule, and within budget.

Photography: Allison Maciejewski

The Next Picture Show, Dixon, Illinois In 2003-2004 this vintage 1854 building underwent a complete restoration recreating the 1898 facade look. Retaining the original wood floors, tin ceilings, and internal structures where possible, this 7,700 square foot fine arts center hosts art shows, recitals and receptions on its main floor; as well as art workshops and classes, student art exhibitions, and meetings of the art community in its lower level. The upper level is home to its resident artists. This is another example of JMA’s restoration/renovation abilities.

Photography: Allison Maciejewski



Featured Architect

Memorial Junior High School, School District 158 Lansing, Illinois Built in three phases and totaling 119,600 square feet, the revitalization of Memorial was triggered not only by its aged physical appearance, but mainly by the need to accommodate its increasingly growing enrollment, programs, and services. Twentyseven classrooms and nine science labs were arranged into community clusters (sixth, seventh, and eighth grades) to create order and the ability to efficiently manage the student-body. A new gymnasium, multipurpose, art, and band room were also added. Internal growth spurred the addition of a new administrative office branch, gymnasium, music rooms, community spaces, and a large parking area for staff and visitors. A spacious lobby entrance and curved canopy, as well as three additional curved roof structures accompany the main entrance’s stature in a harmonic contemporary vision. The challenge was to have the facility remain in full use, with minimal disruption, while incrementally moving students and staff to the new areas and demolishing much of the original building. Other constraints included an eight foot grade elevation change from the front entrance to the rear exit, minimal construction area, and limited storage space for construction material. All challenges were accomplished successfully. JMA provided both architectural and construction management for this project. Both the original schedule and budget were maintained.

Photography: Felipe Cajigas





Featured Architect

KEHOE-HENRY & ASSOCIATES, INC. Architecture & Engineering Elkhorn, Wisconsin

Kehoe-Henry & Associates, Inc. can trace its roots to 1956 when Matt Goebel and Tony Balestrieri founded GoebelBalestrieri & Associates in Elkhorn, Wisconsin. The firm soon gained a reputation for architectural excellence and technical expertise with Matt Goebel’s background in architecture and Tony Balestrieri being registered as both an architect and professional engineer, an extremely rare combination at that time. Dan Kehoe joined the firm in 1969 and Bill Henry in 1977. After six years, Bill Henry left the firm and then, in 1984, founded Wm. R. Henry Associates. In 1988, Dan Kehoe became part owner of Balestrieri-Kehoe & Associates, Inc. and its sole owner in 1994. Joining forces again after 22 years, Mr. Kehoe and Mr. Henry merged their firms in 2005 under its current name. The unique in-house combination of architectural and engineering expertise continues with the current principals. Dan Kehoe is president of the firm, a registered architect, and member of the Construction Specifications Institute. Mr. Kehoe is principal-in-charge on most of the firm’s institutional projects. Bill Henry serves as vice president, is a graduate of Milwaukee School of Engineering, and holds architectural and professional engineering licenses in several states. Mr. Henry holds certificates from the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards and the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying. He is also a Corporation Board Member of the Milwaukee School Engineering and a vice president on the board of directors of the Walworth County Economic Development Alliance. Kehoe-Henry & Associates, Inc. has extensive experience and expertise in a wide variety of project types, while specializing in institutional, educational, and municipal facilities. The firm has received several project and design awards beginning with an AIA Merit Award in 1979 for Alpine Valley Music Theater and, most recently, a 2009 ABC Projects of Distinction Gold Award for the restoration and renovation of the Union Grove Downtown Depot. While most projects are located in southeastern Wisconsin, the firm has designed facilities as far east as Bristol, Connecticut and as far west as Portland, Oregon. Kehoe-Henry’s commitment to its clients is evidenced by over 80% of its projects coming from repeat clients.

Drug Abuse Correctional Center (DACC) Winnebago, Wisconsin This new 86,400 square foot building replaces an aging and outdated State of Wisconsin corrections facility. It provides housing for 300 in a dormitory-style, minimum-security setting. Housing units are arranged in three two-story wings of 50 inmates each. A central treatment wing contains group counseling rooms and treatment specialist offices. The common building core contains a centralized dining room with kitchen, visiting center, health services unit, administration, and central services. A 5,000 square foot urinary analysis laboratory processes samples for the entire state correctional system. The DACC project is our 5th at the Winnebago correctional institution and our 11th for the State of Wisconsin. The project was recently bid and is scheduled for completion in the fall of 2011.



Featured Architect

Badger High School - Art, Fitness & Classroom Additions Lake Geneva, Wisconsin

Interior Fitness photo by Don Hammon of Badger High School

Badger High School needed space for another 500 students and updated arts and fitness facilities to serve over 2,100. Our solution was two 2-story additions to minimize the footprint on an already crowded 40 acre site. The 31,800 SF classroom addition contains a total of 21 rooms with student lounges on each floor. The 28,200 SF art and fitness addition has several unique features beginning with a dramatic 2-story atrium with a 24’ skylight. Traditional studios and specialized facilities are provided for pottery, metals, stained glass, photography, and graphic arts. The 8,000 SF fitness center features 85+ stations of cardio fitness and strength-training equipment. The art and fitness addition received a 2008 Outstanding Design for Specialized Facilities from American School & University magazine, 1 of only 40 selected in the nation. The project was also 1 of only 2 selected from Wisconsin out of 252 in all categories. Kehoe-Henry has served the Lake Geneva Schools on over 30 projects since 1985.

Animal Emergency Center Glendale, Wisconsin The Animal Emergency Center is an internationally recognized ‘state-of- the-art’ emergency and critical care veterinary hospital providing 24/7 treatment of small animal and exotic patients. The hospital is organized into three distinct zones: client, clinic and staff. The client area is located at the intersection of the staff and clinic areas. The lobby projects both vertically and horizontally toward the street and is capped off with a vaulted roof that ‘floats’ above a band of clerestory glass on four sides. The vaulted lobby provides a home-like sense of shelter while admitting abundant and soothing natural light. It also provides visual focus and, when combined with the large arched windows, serves as a beacon at night linking the facility to the street with a high degree of transparency.

Animal Emergency Center photo by Eric Oxendorf

The Animal Emergency Center received a Merit Award in Veterinary Economics Hospital Design and has been featured in Veterinary Economics and Wisconsin Architect. Kehoe-Henry was recently called upon to design a 4,700 SF addition to the AEC, bringing the total facility size to 16,300 SF.



Featured Architect

STRONG MEMORIAL STADIUM – BELOIT COLLEGE Beloit, Wisconsin Strong Stadium was constructed in 1934 and has been an important campus and community landmark ever since. The 26,500 SF facility was built of cast-in-place concrete and features an art deco style of architecture. Extensive renovation included structural reinforcement to meet current codes, waterproofing the entire structure, new stadium seating for 1,500 and replacement of all mechanical and electrical systems. New locker facilities for the college football, baseball, softball, soccer and track teams were provided in front of the existing stadium. The one story, 13,000 SF addition is sympathetic to the original art deco style and allows the original stadium to serve as a backdrop to the new construction. Spectators enter through a dramatic two story high lobby which features new concession areas and public restrooms. Strong Stadium received a Golden Trowel Award from the International Masonry Institute for excellence in masonry design and was selected as a Top 20 Project in Wisconsin by The Daily Reporter construction newspaper.

Photo taken by Kehoe-Henry

LAKE GENEVA POLICE DEPARTMENT & CITY HALL Lake Geneva, Wisconsin The City of Lake Geneva had outgrown its 11,750 SF municipal building. The police department had operated in a windowless basement for over 20 years. New construction consisted of 29,750 SF, and the exterior of the existing building was completely redone with new brick veneer, windows, and a wood truss roof. The new Police Department contains an emergency operations center, hard and soft interview rooms, a secure underground parking garage and state-of-the-art, 24/7 9-1-1 dispatch center. City Hall houses administrative offices, records storage, conference rooms and an expanded building inspection department. Areas which are shared include council chambers/municipal court, meeting rooms, central lobby and a fitness center for use by both police and city personnel.

Photo taken by Kehoe-Henry

GATEWAY TECHNICAL COLLEGE Elkhorn, Wisconsin Gateway Technical College came to Kehoe-Henry & Associates for the design of their new building to ease over crowding and increased enrollment at its Elkhorn campus. The building enjoys natural light by the extensive use of clerestory glass in the main lobby & corridor spaces. The 34,900 SF building contains a new library, administration offices, nursing services department, physical science laboratory, business and computer science classrooms. The three-wing ‘spoke and hub’ design provides minimum circulation between spaces, reducing travel time between classrooms and increasing building efficiency. The design was so successful that enrollment increased by a third within 7 years. Kehoe-Henry was called upon again to design a 9,000 SF addition to the facility.



Photo taken by Kehoe-Henry



Featured Architect

Founded in 1895, Shive-Hattery is a 300-person architecture and engineering firm focused to serve clientele in six market sectors: Commercial/Retail, Education, Government, Healthcare, Industry and Telecommunications. Shive-Hattery goes beyond full service to give its clients a single source of solutions. Outstanding client service is its mission and the process of getting there is unique to each project and each client. Providing the right team of talented specialists, identifying and managing the critical steps to success and delivering quality service—it’s what they’ve done for more than 115 years. Their multi-office locations allow them to serve clients on a local and regional basis. Offices are located in Cedar Rapids, Iowa City and West Des Moines, Iowa; and Bloomington, Downers Grove and Moline, Illinois; and Chesterfield, Missouri.

Iowa City Eastside Recycling and Education Center Iowa City, Iowa The 24,000-square-foot complex will be anchored by an environmental education center and will include a salvage barn, oil drop site, wood chip and compost pick-up station, electronic waste drop site and a Habitat for Humanity ReStore center. The highlight of the campus is the 2,200-square-foot education center. It will enable public education and awareness of sustainable living and will serve as a statewide case study in sustainable design. The center will have a main classroom, a kitchenette, restrooms, storage and mechanical system spaces. The main classroom will be elevated off the ground to minimize its footprint on the site and appear to hover in the bio-swale that is built around it. A cantilevered balcony provides a panoramic view of the bio-swale and allows visitors to engage in the natural surroundings. The building will be constructed with sustainable materials and will be covered with a green roof and green walls. The center is designed to achieve LEED platinum certification and serve as a statewide case study in sustainable design. It will showcase several environmental best practices including urban storm water management, a series of bio-swales, native vegetation, pervious paving, geothermal and renewal energy systems and natural daylighting using insulted, translucent and spectrally selective glazing.




Featured Architect

Cedar Rapids Community School District Educational Leadership and Support Center Cedar Rapids, Iowa The Cedar Rapids Community School District, which serves 17,000 students, is building a new administrative and support facility to replace the buildings that were flooded in 2008. The Educational Leadership and Support Center is a new 20-acre development with a 169,000-square-foot building. The buildings will house administration, public meeting spaces, graphics and printing, buildings and grounds (building maintenance, carpenters, and painters), custodial and grounds, purchasing and warehouse and transportation services. The project is scheduled to be complete in May 2012.



Von Maur The Meadows at Lake St Louis, Missouri Von Maur’s newest fashion department store, in the Saint Louis market, is located in and anchors the new open air center, The Meadows at Lake Saint Louis. The new store contains two-stories and 124,000 square feet of area. The store’s design captures Von Maur’s signature look of grace and elegance which creates an attractive and spacious interior shopping environment that customers appreciate and recognize as uniquely Von Maur. The store offers Von Maur's unique style of great customer service, upscale clothing, shoes, cosmetics and accessories. The nucleus of the store is centered on the relaxing environment created at the three-story center court, complete with a grand piano and attractive comfortable seating. Features of the new store will allow Von Maur to continue its tradition of delivering what its customer want.



Featured Architect

Methodist West Hospital West Des Moines, Iowa The Iowa Health-Des Moines Methodist West Hospital is a new five-story building with 95 beds for public and acute care services. This state-ofthe-art community hospital serves the health care needs of the western Greater Des Moines Metro Area. Services provided by the facility include ambulatory and acute care, emergency department, imaging, surgery, birthing center, medical and surgical bed units, as well as an array of other patient and community services. The new building image is crafted to articulate Iowa Health-Des Moines' goal to provide patientfamily centered health care in an environment that is welcoming, comfortable and nurturing. The hospital recently won the Grand Place Award (1st Place in Category) for sustainable design in the Buildings & Systems Category of the 2010 Engineering Excellence Awards Competition awarded by the American Council of Engineering Companies of Iowa. Photography: Mike Sinclair





iewing the world through the eyes of a child can be mystifying business for any adult. For architects, the human and functional requirements of a residential house, a commercial building, or an industrial warehouse project are familiar. With childcare centers, designers can often find themselves exploring new territory because of the ‘mininess’ and ‘manyness’ of the activities, toys, equipment, furniture, cabinetry, supplies, and fixtures to be included. In planning childcare or early education centers, valuing the perspective of the child is paramount and the ‘mininess’ becomes a distinguishing characteristic of these challenging projects.


Architects seeking to create a "spirit of place" for children have indicated that a set of clear program criteria can be of tremendous benefit when balancing the budget and desires of the client with excellence in design. In the research conducted for Removing Barriers to Childcare Facilities Development , architects reported that they were most often sent to state community care licensing regulations for program information. One architect told us that he reviewed the regulations and stated, ". . .this has nothing for me here…licensing codes don’t dictate anything about design at all. They were useless to me." Many pointed out that they were uncertain about the interpretation



and application of various codes and regulations. Compliance requirements for childcare centers often present perplexing issues of ‘mininess’ and ‘manyness’ due to the multiple and sometimes conflicting technicalities of state licensing codes and regulations, and a variety of accreditation requirements. Gut-wrenching frustrations, costly design changes down the line, or delays in opening the center have occurred all too frequently. Specific program criteria for childcare centers developed by an experienced consultant translating the language of early care and education can provide clear direction for functionality of indoor and outdoor spaces and desired adjacencies. Basic understanding of how a child functions throughout the day in terms of indoor and outdoor activities, as well as the differences between programs for infant/toddlers and preschoolers, can assist designers in organizing the initial plan and mitigate costly changes in the design phase.

Detailed site specific program criteria are based upon principles and practices of early childhood development. Such criteria should contain a detailed statement of the spaces, their uses, dimensions and functional relationships that the facility needs to provide. It will specify the ages and numbers of children per group, grouping patterns, staff ratios, square footage requirements for each age group, circulation, adjacencies, desired orientations, required scale of plumbing, exiting, windows, staff and administrative support spaces and more. Program criteria define the design problem, establish clarity with the client, and provide critical information to the architect in creating design schematics. The definition of site specific rather than generic programming elements is particularly critical when the center is being designed from scratch rather than from a preexisting footprint of a building.

Simple storage provides an illustration in the value of unique and specific program criteria. Childcare centers need so much storage that cabinets, cubbies, and closets need to be tucked into every possible-even unusual--space. Should infant cubbies be bigger, smaller, wider, etc. than a preschool cubby? How should the size of cubbies differ depending on climate? Diapering tables . . . What is the desired height and depth? What needs to be proximate by way of

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supplies, sinks, soap dispensers, infant clothing storage, and diaper disposal? How does one best mitigate the unique fragrance of diaper disposal? The answers may surprise you, and we have only just begun with the most (ahem) elemental aspects. Thus, the ‘manyness’ of early childhood development centers! The benefit of early care and education expertise can add value throughout the process including reduction in construction delays, cost, and enhancement of overall quality, flexibility, and efficiency of the completed facility. Well developed program criteria will result in significant cost savings for the total scope of any child care facility project and allow architects to do what is truly inspiredcreate that spirit of place with the ‘mininess’ and ‘manyness’ to stimulate the bodies, minds and souls of the youngest and most impressionable lives in our society.




An Introduction to Gypsum Shaftwall Systems By Pamela Shinkoda, P.Eng., CSC CertainTeed Gypsum

Learning Objectives: After taking this course, the reader will be able to: 1. Functionally describe a shaftwall and describe the essential features of shaftwall design. 2. Describe two basic approaches to shaftwall design and some significant features of each. 3. Describe each of the four basic components of a gypsum shaftwall, including information that affects design decisions. 4. Explain why horizontal shaftwall systems are needed and the key problem with their design. 5. State the proper categories for the 2004 CSI Master Format™ Specification for gypsum wall assemblies and reasons why the revision is important. 6. Describe three specific ways that specifying a gypsum shaftwall affects the design and progress of the overall building project. 7. Explain the role of gypsum shaftwall construction in the implementation of the post-9/11 code requirements, which demand higher impact resistance. 8. Describe two characteristics of any construction situation that suggest using the gypsum shaftwall construction process.

haftwall systems are a crucial component in the design and construction of commercial buildings, serving a variety of important functions for the structure. They house elevators and stairwells, as well as HVAC, telecom and electrical equipment. However, their most important function to provide an extra layer of fire resistance between two areas of the building, such as an elevator shaft and hallways or a stairwell and adjoining office space, helping protect building occupants during a fire scenario. With these factors taken into consideration, it is important for architects to understand the components of gypsum shaftwall systems, where and how they are typically used, and how to properly specify them using current CSI MasterFormat™ divisions. We will begin by reviewing some of the basics of shaft design that are independent of materials, and then illustrate some of the basic features of shaftwall design by comparing the traditional masonry shaftwall with its more contemporary gypsum counterpart.


Shaftwall Design Essentials Chapter 7 of the 2009 International Building Code (IBC) defines shaftwall systems as "the walls or construction framing forming the boundaries of a shaft." A shaft is any enclosed space that extends vertically through one or more floors of a building, connecting successive floors and/or roof. A shaft may



consist of: the opening in which elevator cars travel, exit stairways, vertical HVAC chases, telecom and electrical chases, laundry chutes and dumbwaiters. There are two standard approaches to the design of shaftwall systems, which influence the type of material used to build the shaft wall: Masonry Shaftwall Design In more traditional shaftwall designs, architects create a structure that encloses the shaft prior to the construction of the building surrounding the shaft. This approach typically utilizes masonry. The most basic task of the masonry shaftwall is to hold itself up — it needs to be structurally sound and self-supporting. As a material, masonry is inherently fire-resistant, and its dense mass provides good sound attenuation, keeping noise from the stairwell or elevator confined to the shaft. However, due to their dense mass, masonry shaftwall systems require engineering attention to create the footing needed to support them. And, because these shaftwall systems are usually created before the rest of the building, they need their own slot in the construction schedule. Though they rate high on the performance end, masonry shaftwall systems are difficult to coordinate and install, making them a more time-consuming, expensive part of the project. Gypsum Shaftwall System Design Overview The more contemporary style of shaftwall design involves construction of the shaftwall from floor to floor once the building structure has been constructed. Because of this, there is no need to build the shaftwall as a stand-alone system. About 40 years ago, gypsum board emerged as a new shaftwall material that helped make this simpler shaftwall design approach more popular. According to Chapter 7 of the IBC, gypsum shaftwall systems must be constructed of noncombustible components best suited for the type of building being constructed. The gypsum shaftwall systems also must be

constructed from floor to floor. Gypsum shaftwall systems offer a more balanced mix of performance and installation benefits. Their components are lightweight compared to masonry, allowing more design possibilities and simplifying the installation — a two-hour fire resistance-rated gypsum shaftwall system weighs only 9 pounds per square foot and is only 3-1/2 inches thick. So, it can be installed more quickly and more economically than masonry shaftwall systems. Like masonry, gypsum is naturally fireresistant. The addition of acoustic insulation and sealants is recommended to minimize sound transmission from the shaft. The Basic Anatomy of a Gypsum Shaftwall A gypsum shaftwall system consists of the following components: • 1-inch gypsum shaftliner panels • Studs • Type X or Type C gypsum board • J-Tracks Gypsum shaftliner panels are 1 inch thick, 24 inches wide and come in lengths of 8 to 12 feet. They are available in three facing options — moisture-resistant paper-faced, treated mold- and moisture-resistant paper-faced, and Type C or Type X Gypsum Board glass mat-faced. Paper-faced gypsum (Applied Vertically) shaftliners meet ASTM C 1396, J-Track 1” (25.4mm) Shaftliner Type X Standard Specification for Gypsum Board requirements, and glass-mat C-H, C-T or 1 stud gypsum shaftliners meet ASTM C Type C or Type X Gypsum Board 1658, Standard Specification for (Applied Vertically or Horizontally) Glass Mat Gypsum Panels J-Track requirements. Glass-mat gypsum shaftliner panels are moisture- and mold-resistant and can be exposed to normal weather during construction. Type X (fire-resistant) and Type C (improved type X) gypsum board are the two kinds of gypsum board used as corridor-side panels, installed in one or more layers on the interior side of the shaftwall system. The number of layers of Type X or Type C gypsum board installed typically equals the hourly fire resistance rating of the shaftwall system. Each board meets requirements for ASTM C 1396. Abuse-resistant Type X gypsum boards provide resistance to impact and surface abrasions. Manufacturers of steel framing produce three different profiles of shaftwall studs: C-H, C-T and I. The studs are installed 24 inches on center to match the width of the shaftliner panels. Common gauges for metal studs are 25 and 20, and common depths are 21/2-inch, 4-inch and 6-inch. J-Tracks provide a way of anchoring the shaftwall to the existing structure. A J-Track is used at the terminal ends, top, and bottom of shaftwall assemblies and is anchored to the concrete slab, existing walls or to structural steel framing. J-Tracks have three depths: 21/2-inch, 4-inch and 6-inch — the depth is chosen to match the depth of the stud. The gauge of the J-Track is also chosen to match the gauge of the stud. Fire Resistance-Rated Gypsum Shaftwall Assemblies A fire-rated gypsum shaftwall system consists of the four

components above, assembled to achieve a desired fire resistance rating. Architects are responsible for specifying the individual components of the assembly, which contribute to an overall fire resistance rating that typically falls between 1- and 4hour. Gypsum panel components come from one manufacturer and are tested together as a functional unit. Shaftwall systems are tested for fire resistance in accordance with ASTM E 119, Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials, and/or ANSI/UL 263, Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials, both standards, which are used for evaluating the fire resistance ratings of building construction. Numerous UL designs for shaftwall systems are available for inclusion in plans and specifications. Fire-rated shaftwall systems are also compiled in the Gypsum Association’s GA-600 Fire Resistance Design Manual. UL U417 (GA File WP7051) and ULC W446 are commonly specified shaftwall systems with several configuration options and fire resistance ratings ranging from 1-hour to 3-hour. The gypsum products in the assembly will bear the UL or cULus classification marks. Examples of 1-, 2- and 3-Hour Fire ResistanceRated Assemblies The examples referenced below show some of the variations that are available when choosing components that meet a given fire rating specification: 1-Hour Rating, Shaftwall Finished on One Side C-H, C-T or I Stud 24” (610 mm) o.c. max This assembly, UL U417, System F, offers 1 hour of fire resistance. The 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type X Gypsum Board Figure 1 illustration in Figure 1 (Applied Veritcally) shows a 1-inch shaftliner panels and one layer of 5/8-inch Type X gypsum board on the interior face.

1” (25.4mm) Shaftliner Type X

2-Hour Rating, Shaftwall Finished on One Side This assembly, UL U417, System C, offers 2 hours of fire resistance. The illustration in Figure 2 shows two layers of 5/8inch Type X gypsum board on the interior face. The illustration in Figure 3 shows construction for a 2-hour rating that also achieves a Sound Transmission Coefficient (STC) of 50 when constructed with fiberglass insulation and resilient channels. C-H, C-T or I Stud 24” (610 mm) o.c. max

1” (25.4mm) Shaftliner Type X

C-H, C-T or I Stud 24” (610 mm) o.c. max 1” (25.4mm) Shaftliner Type X

1/2” (12.7 mm) Type C or 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type X Gypsum Board (Applied Vertically)

1/2” (12.7 mm) Type C or 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type X Gypsum Board (Applied Horizontally) 1/2” (12.7 mm) Type C or 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type X Gypsum Board (Applied Horizontally)

(Figures 2, 3)

For Acoustical Performance Insulation Resilient Channels Installed Horizontally 24” (610 mm) o.c.

1/2” (12.7 mm) Type C or 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type X Gypsum Board (Applied Vertically)

2-Hour Rating, Shaftwall Finished on Both Sides C-H, C-T or I Stud This assembly, UL 24” (610 mm) o.c. max U417 System D, offers 2 hours of fire resistance. The illustration in Figure 4 1/2” (12.7 mm) Type C or 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type X (Figure 4) shows two layers of 5/8Gypsum Board inch Type X gypsum

1” (25.4mm) Shaftliner Type X

(Continued on page 38)



(Continued from page 37)

board — one layer is installed on each side of the shaftwall. In areas where both sides of the shaftwall are visible, it is desirable to finish both sides. 3-Hour Rating, Shaftwall Finished on One Side C-H, C-T or I Stud This assembly, UL U417, 24” (610 mm) o.c. max System H, offers 3 hours of fire resistance. The illustration in Figure 5 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type C 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type C Gypsum Board Gypsum Board displays three layers of 5/8(Applied Horizontally or (Applied Vertically) Vertically) (Figure 5) inch Type X gypsum board. 1” (25.4mm) Shaftliner Type X

3-Hour Rating, Shaftwall Finished on Both Sides 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type C Gypsum Board This assembly, UL U417, (Applied Vertically) 1” (25.4mm) C-H, C-T or I Stud System J, specifies 3 hours of fire Shaftliner Type X 24” (610 mm) o.c. max resistance. The illustration of it in Figure 6 shows three layers of 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type C 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type C 5/8-inch Type X gypsum board Gypsum Board Gypsum Board (Applied Horizontally or (Applied Vertically) Vertically) —two layers on the interior side, (Figure 6) one layer on the shaft side. 4-Hour Rating, Shaftwall Finished on One Side C-H, C-T or I Stud This assembly, UL 24” (610 mm) o.c. max V451, specifies 4 hours of fire resistance. The 5/8” (15.9 mm) Type C illustration in Figure Furring Channel Gypsum Board 16” (400 mm) o.c. max. (Applied Vertically) (Applied Horizontally) 7 shows five layers (Figure 7) of 5/8-inch Type C gypsum board on the interior face. This configuration is used only for the upper floors of high-rise construction.

1” (25.4 mm) Shaftliner Type X

Horizontal Shaftwall Design A horizontal shaftwall is designed in response to two different needs. The first is the structural — when the top of a shaft or an exit corridor has the requirement for a fire rating of 1 to 2 hours, it is a natural candidate for a horizontal shaftwall. The second is when the plane of fire protection needs to be moved to the top of the plenum. This is the case when the plenum space is being used for utilities, such as HVAC or data cables. From a construction perspective, a horizontal shaftwall is identical to the more common vertical one. The only differences are in the thickness of gypsum board and the weight of the system. A horizontal shaftwall with a 2-hour fire rating would be achieved using three layers of 1/2-inch board instead of two 5/8-inch layers on a vertical shaftwall. There are design problems that can occur when designing horizontal shaftwall systems, however. For example, spanning the horizontal distance at the tops of a stairwell or elevator shafts is usually not a problem. But, the width of an exit corridor can exceed the limit that a horizontal shaftwall is capable of spanning, approximately 18 to 20 feet. In this case, special attention needs to be paid to the the steel framing. The shaftwall studs will need

to be 20-gauge and 6 inches deep in order to span 15 to 17 feet. The gauge and depth of the J-track will be the same. A good example of this problem occurs in school designs, where the corridor providing access to classrooms is also the exit corridor. A typical corridor may be 15 to 20 feet wide, which may exceed the limit a shaftwall system is capable of spanning. Specifying Gypsum Shaftwall Systems In 2004, the Construction Specifications Institute raised the number of specifications categories available to architects for specifying gypsum board assemblies, as shown in Table 1. This revision is very significant to designers, as more categories enable clearer communication of the designer’s intent, enable a more concise specification of the gypsum board assemblies, and allow for a greater level of detail in specifications. Table 1 shows the MasterFormat specifications available for 1995 and 2004 respectively. Three Ways Gypsum Shaftwall Systems Affect the Overall Building Project Less Overall Complexity Building a masonry shaftwall entails a more complex structure. Typical requirements include: • Specially skilled tradespeople, such as masons and other laborers trained in wall construction. • Form work — forms needed for poured masonry walls need to be installed and removed after the concrete has cured. • Scaffolding — extensive scaffolding needs to be erected and removed upon completion. In comparison, a gypsum shaftwall can be constructed entirely by the drywall contractor. Because the shaftwall system is constructed from floor to floor, no additional structure is required — i.e., no additional forms or scaffolding are needed. Lightweight gypsum materials are easy to handle, which eliminates the need for equipment typically used to move heavy masonry materials from the point of delivery to the point of use. Safety Because the scaffolding needed for a masonry shaft is not needed, no workman will be inside a shaft during construction. This eliminates the risks of associated construction injuries. Cost It is less costly to construct a gypsum shaftwall than a masonry shaftwall from a materials standpoint. In regards to Legacy MasterFormat™ (1995) • 09250 "Gypsum Board" • 09260 "Gypsum Board

Table 1



MasterFormat™ 2004 • 09 20 00 "Gypsum Board" • 09 21 16 "Gypsum Board Assemblies" • 09 21 16.23 "Gypsum Board Shaftwall Assemblies"

labor expenses, the amount of labor needed to build a gypsum shaftwall is less than that for a masonry shaftwall. In addition, completion time is typically shorter with gypsum shaftwall systems because construction of the shaftwall is typically conducted in parallel with other tasks. And, certain types of glass-mat gypsum boards can be exposed to weather during construction, which expedites the construction of the shaftwall because it can start before the building is weather-tight. Post 9/11 Building Code Requirements Based on recommendations by the World Trade Center Task Force, the New York City Department of Buildings implemented a new rule requiring impact-resistant stair and elevator shaft enclosures for high-rise construction (more than 420 feet high). A similar significant change has also been implemented in the 2009 IBC. Requirements for impact-resistant shaftwall systems in the 2009 IBC include the following: • The faces of exit/elevator hoistway enclosures must meet a minimum Level 2 Hard Body impact resistance rating1 when tested in accordance with ASTM C 1629, Standard for Abuse Resistant, Non-decorated Interior Gypsum Panel Products. • Shaftwall assemblies incorporating gypsum board products formulated and tested for greater abuse resistance may be specified. An assembly that will provide the protection needed to achieve a Level 2 Hard Body impact resistance consists of two layers of abuse-resistant Type X 5/8-inch gypsum board in a proprietary assembly tested for impact resistance. The abuse resistance must be on the corridor side, where any impact that could damage the shaftwall system would occur. Constructing a Gypsum Shaftwall The overall objective of the following lesson is to describe and illustrate the method involved in a specific gypsum shaftwall construction approach so that it can be applied in a situation with the following characteristics — a required 1- to 4-hour fire resistance rating and an existing structure that limits access to the wall to be constructed. Basic steps involved in constructing a typical gypsum shaftwall system are as follows — to make the description more specific, it is assumed that the shaftwall is being built from left to right: 1. Install a J-track along the perimeter of the space where the gypsum shaftwall is to be constructed. 2. Install a shaftliner panel in the J-Track on the left edge of the space. 3. Screw-fasten or use tabs to fix the shaftliner panel to the J-Track. 4. Install a shaftwall stud at the right edge of the shaftliner panel installed in Step 2. 5. Insert a shaftliner panel into the right side of the shaftwall stud extending to the right. 6. Repeat Steps 4 and 5 until the space remaining to the right of

the last stud is only large enough for one shaftliner panel, or less. 7. The last shaftliner panel to be inserted either fits into the remaining space between the stud and the right-terminal JTrack, or is cut to fit. Insert the last panel into the stud on the left and the J-Track on the right, thus closing the space along this wall. Cut this shaftliner panel to fit as needed. It must be at Gypsum shaftwalls do not need scaffolding. least 8 inches wide. 8. Screw-fasten or use tabs to fix the shaftliner panel inserted in Step 7 to the J-Track. 9. Install the 1/2-inch or 5/8-inch fire-rated gypsum board on the finished side, consistent with the number of layers required by the proprietary assembly. The basic conditions that lend themselves to the construction of a gypsum shaftwall are when a 1- to 4-hour fire-rated wall needs to be constructed and when the wall that needs to be constructed abuts a structure that can’t be disturbed. A good example of these conditions is when the wall is being built to achieve the required fire rating in a restaurant located in an airport terminal or mall, where adjoining businesses would restrict access to the wall. Conclusion Due to all of their performance, installation, cost and safety benefits, gypsum systems are becoming the standard for today’s high-rise buildings, as well as low-rise and mid-rise structures. Gypsum shaftwall systems make the installation process move more quickly than with traditional shaftwall materials, leading to a faster project completion. Once installed, gypsum shaftwall systems provide exceptional fire resistance and can provide long-lasting durability. To design the bestperforming shaftwall system, it is up to the designer to work with manufacturers and pay close attention to the fire resistance and abuse resistance test results of individual products that comprise the assembly. By doing this, the designer can ensure top performance for the customer, as well as minimize risk. 2009 IBC Section 403.2.3.2, NYC Department of Buildings, Title 1, Chapter 403 1

Pamela M. Shinkoda, P.Eng, CSC, is systems innovation manager with CertainTeed Gypsum. She has been with the company for almost a decade and in the building products industry for more than 15 years. Pamela can be contacted at pamela.shinkoda@saint-gobain.com. (Continued on page 40)



ALA Continuing Education Questionnaire -

An Introduction to Gypsum Shaftwall Systems Learning Objectives: After taking this course, the reader will be able to: 1. Functionally describe a shaftwall and describe the essential features of shaftwall design. 2. Describe two basic approaches to shaftwall design and some significant features of each. 3. Describe each of the four basic components of a gypsum shaftwall, including information that affects design decisions.

a. The construction can be handled by the drywall contractor, so number of building trades needed is reduced. b. The materials needed are lightweight and easy to handle. c. No additional forms or scaffolding are needed. d. All of the above

Program Title: An Introduction to Gypsum Shaftwall Systems ALA/CEP Credit: This article qualifies for 1.0 HSW /SD of State Required Learning Units and may qualify for other LU requirements. (Valid through Sept 2012.) Instructions: • Read the article using the learning objectives provided. • Answer the questions. • Fill in your contact information. • Check whether logging of ALA/CEP credit (ALA members with logging privileges only) or certificate of completion is desired. • Sign the certification. • Submit questions with answers, contact information and payment to ALA by mail or fax to receive credit.

QUIZ QUESTIONS 1. The article reviews the four basic components of a gypsum shaftwall. Which of the following is not a correct statement of the function of a given component? a. Impact-resistant gypsum boards are available. b. J-tracks provide a way of anchoring the shaftwall to the existing structure. c. Impact-resistant shaftliner panels are available. d. Studs are manufactured with different profiles, gauges and depths. 2. Which of the following is one of the ways that building a gypsum shaftwall positively affects the overall project in comparison with building a masonry shaftwall?

4. Explain why horizontal shaftwalls are needed and the key problem with their design. 5. State the proper categories for the 2004 CSI Master Format™ Specification for gypsum wall assemblies and reasons why the revision is important.

3. When specifying an abuse-resistant gypsum wall, install the abuse-resistant gypsum board on the stair side of the stairwell. True or false? a. True b. False 4. Two characteristics of a construction situation that often benefits from using the gypsum shaftwall were described in the article. One of them is that a fire rating of between 1 and 4 hours is required. What is the other one? a. The wall to be constructed has to use steel framing. b. No masonry can be used on the site. c. The wall to be constructed can only be accessed from one side. d. None of the above 5. Two examples of non-shaftwall construction situations that would benefit from a shaftwalltype construction were given in the article. Which of the following was one of them? a. A stand-alone restaurant. b. A cooking space in an airplane. c. A bank vault with a special fire rating. d. A restaurant in a mall being built next to another space that can’t be disturbed. 6. In comparison with building a masonry shaftwall, building a gypsum shaftwall positively affects the project in three ways. Which of the following is not one of them? a. Reduces the overall complexity b. Makes it safer during the construction phase.

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c. Reduces the cost. d. Is more pleasing to the eye. 7. The article compares masonry shaftwalls with gypsum shaftwalls to bring out various similarities and differences between them. Which of the following states correctly what the biggest difference is? a. The masonry shaftwall of a given floor is usually constructed in parallel with that floor. b. The masonry shaftwall is an independent structure. c. The gypsum shaftwall makes a good sound barrier. d. The heavy panel that forms the gypsum shaftwall requires special equipment to install it. 8.

When CSI revised the number of specification categories available in 2004, it had a number of positive effects. Which of the following was one of them? a. Architects can now specify the gypsum shaftwall assembly explicitly. b. For the first time, the fire rating can be specified. c. The extra categories enable surface hardness to be specified. d. All of the above

9. A vapor barrier is always required within a wall system. a. True b. False 10. Stack pressure exerts a positive pressure on one side of a building and a negative pressure on the other side of the building. a. True b. False

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What is "Green Roofing"? (Continued from page 16)

market can rival these numbers, as some offer impressive SRIs as high as 99. When selecting a roofing material, also consider the reflectivity ratings over time. An aged white TPO membrane may lose five percent of its reflectivity after three years. Other types of single-ply membranes can lose as much as 20 or 30 percent over the same amount of time. Compare both initial and aged ratings from the Cool Roof Rating Council for each product before making a final determination. Another consideration is the environment where the roof will be installed, both the location and the type of facility. Black products shouldn’t always be black-listed, as they can offer an economical and trusted long-term option for some building designs. Northern states, for example, can benefit from black EPDM products, as the number of days required to heat a building can exceed the number of days where cooling is required. A warmer roof can then help to reduce the heating costs and offer a "Self Drying" component that more reflective membranes do not. Another example is school buildings that are not used during the summer months. When the facility does not need to be cooled during the warmest times of the year, the roof has a much smaller impact on energy costs. Materials On or Above the Roof Materials placed on or above the roofing material can also contribute to a building’s environmental impact. New studies indicate that ballasted roofs can sometimes meet cool roof criteria and perform as well as a white reflective roof in certain environments. The mass of the river rock or pavers guards the building from solar radiation and reduces the peak rooftop temperatures. This delays the heat flow and moves the cooling load to offpeak hours. Ballasted roof systems can offer many of the benefits Ballasted Roof - Shows river rock placed above the roof material associated with the vegetative roof systems, but at much lower short-term cost and a near elimination of long-term costs associated with maintenance. Vegetative roofs can significantly enhance the visual appeal of a facility. A hospital, for example, may benefit as some studies show that natural environments can assist with healing. Or, a vegetative roof may offer recreational opportunities. From an environmental perspective, vegetative roofs reduce storm water run-off, maintain consistent temperatures on the roof membrane, improve air quality and assist with reducing the heat island effect by lowering ambient air temperatures. There are often significant up-front investment considerations for a vegetative roof. There may be easy solutions to help reduce some of costs; building owners can consider planting

the plugs themselves A new reflective white-on-black instead of preEPDM membrane installation grown "tray-type" systems. Or they may consider watering the plants themselves instead of installing a complete irrigation system. Photovoltaics (PV) are another option that literally produce energy on your roof, every single day. Special considerations and actions are required when installing these systems on new or existing roof systems. Before installing any additional components to a roof, it’s important to contact the roof manufacturer that has issued the warranty. Any alterations or penetration to the membrane system, without consent from the manufacturer, will likely void a warranty. Manufacturers will work with building owners and professional roofing contractor to determine what steps are necessary before adding PV System onto the roof system or before cutting into a roof. This ensures that the product performs as necessary and roof leaks are avoided. Weigh the Options Green buildings aren’t just the wave of the future, they’re the reality of today. Considering a variety of environmental features and weighing the benefits against the cost can produce a winning "green" combination.




ALA Announces

2010 Student Merit Award Winners he Association of Licensed Architects congratulates the following students for their academic excellence, numerous awards, honors and significant achievements in the schools of architecture. We believe these winners will be assets to the profession of architecture in the future, and continue to excel in their education and future professional pursuits.


Brendan Wittstruck

Long Chang

Washington University

University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee Long Chang was born in a Hmong refugee camp in Thailand after the Vietnam War. He recently received his Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies from the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee School of Architecture and Urban Planning (SARUP) where he was engaged in research as a scholar through both the Ronald E. McNair Post Baccalaureate Achievement Program and the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC) Program. In the fall of 2010, Chang will embark on his Master of Architecture program at UWM with a focus on New Orleans.

Brian Vesely

Brendan Wittstruck is pursuing joint Master degrees in Architecture, Urban Design and Construction Management from Washington University in St. Louis, graduating in May 2011. He grew up in Asheville, NC and earned his Undergraduate degree in Studio Art from Davidson College in 2004. Brendan has served as President of the Graduate Architecture Council in 2009 – 2010, President of Green Givens (College of Architecture environmental organization) from 2008-09 and among his many awards received Second prize at the Chase Community Development Competition in New Orleans in 2009. He enjoys painting, drawing and playing the guitar when he is not working on architecture projects.

University of Illinois – Urbana/Champaign Brian Vesely graduated with high honors from the University of Illinois – Urbana/Champaign’s Bachelor of Science in Architectural Studies program. He plans to continue his graduate studies at UIUC in the structures option. Brian received the Edward C. Earl Prize for Design and the Student Choice Award for his studio work. His work has been published in the Chicago Sun times and the UIUC architecture journal. He has contributed to the construction of two dance spaces, numerous Chicagoland houses, and a tollway bridge during the first 10 years of his professional career as a draftsman and surveyor. He ardently desires to improve the quality of architecture and the built environment.

Laura Mast Illinois Institute of Technology Throughout her studies at The Illinois Institute of Technology, Laura Mast has been awarded the 2005 Crown Scholarship, 2007 Peterhans Visual Training Award, and the Leadership Academy certificate. She has been an active member of Kappa Phi Delta sorority, Dance101, Student Organization for Alumnae Relations, IPRO Leadership Fellows, Vandercook College of Music, Orientation Counselors, and the National Society for Leadership and Success. Laura studied abroad at the Architectural Association in London, which sparked her interest in architectural theory. She plans on volunteering with Americorps for the following year before returning to graduate school.

Jillian Wulfsohn University of Illinois - Urbana/Champaign Graduate Program Jillian Wulfsohn is a Master of Architecture graduate from the University of Illinois – Urbana/Champaign with a focus on integrated design and sustainable practice. She held a teaching assistantship and served as Vice President of the Gargoyle Architecture Honor Society. Jillian received her BSAS from University of Illinois in 2008 and participated in the Study Abroad Program in Versailles. Her hometown is Glenview, Illinois, and she enjoys playing golf and traveling in her spare time. Jillian is currently seeking a job in Chicago and is very eager to begin her professional architectural career.



Ben Temperely Southern Illinois University Ben Temperely will be entering the graduate studio year of a track three Master of Architecture program at Southern Illinois University in June. After working five years in the field of healthcare he decided to pursue his dream of becoming an architect. At SIU he has been active in AIAS and the USGBC. He plans on sitting for the LEED Green Associate exam in May in preparation for working on sustainable design projects after graduation.

Aimee Sunny University of Notre Dame Originally from Lowell, Indiana, Aimee Sunny chose to attend the University of Notre Dame, where she has pursued a professional Bachelor of Architecture with a Concentration in Historic Preservation. In the fall, she will be attending Ball State University in order to pursue a Master of Science in Historic Preservation.

Jaime Pachero Triton College Jaime Pachero graduated from Triton College this May. He plans to transfer to UIC in the fall and major in architecture with a minor in Spanish. Jaime’s love for architecture and design are leading him to succeed. He volunteers at the non-profit organization of Latinos Unidos con Voz (LUV) helping Latino students to get into college and reach their dreams. Jaime wants to make a change in the community and be remembered by his designs. He also loves playing soccer and hopes to go to a World Cup.

Philip Miller William Rainey Harper College Philip Miller received a Certificate in Architectural Technology, AAS in Architectural Technology, Certificate in 2D CAD, and a Certificate in 3D CAD from William Rainey Harper College. He is a LEED Green Associate currently employed full-time with Architectural Consulting Group. Philip recently relocated to Houston, Texas and plans to continue his education concentrating on sustainable design and historic reservation while pursuing professional licensure

Stephen Paul

Johnathan Puff

University of Illinois – Chicago

University of Michigan

Stephen Paul graduated with his Bachelor of Science in Architecture from the University of Illinois – Chicago (UIC) this May with Honors and Highest Distinction in Architectural Studies along with Cum Laude. He studied abroad in Barcelona in 2009 and received the Kenneth Schroeder Scholarship award that same year. Stephen also received awards at the UIC Year End Showcase from 2007 -2009 and the Talent Tuition Award. Stephen is a Barrington High School Alumni from 2006. His hobby is traveling as much as possible since living in Spain, and he is currently living in Los Angeles.

Johnathan Puff is a graduate student at the University of Michigan. A Maine native, Johnathan has worked for several small offices in his home state as well as HOK, Chicago. His award winning thesis "Acadian Road-stead" is an examination of the agency of the architectural proposal as a tool for establishing political bodies and territories independent of built form. He was also awarded the Alpha-Rho Chi medal for leadership and service. Johnathan will spend the summer building a school and research station, which he co-designed with a classmate, in the Pantanal region of Brazil. Upon his return to the States, he plans to move to New Mexico.



LEGALISSUES (Continued from page 8)

preservation agencies can lay claim to correct interpretations and applications of the Standards if they can’t back up their conclusions with well-grounded reasoning that doesn’t rely on past interpretations which may, or may not be factually similar. Repeating wrong interpretations over a long time won’t eventually make them right. Architects who assist owners in obtaining Historic Rehab Incentives will need to be fluent in both the plain meaning and the common interpretations of the Standards. The good news is that mastering the Standards isn’t too difficult and some guidance exists. The NPS publishes "Interpreting The Secretary of the Interior’s Standard’s for Rehabilitation," a series of bulletins that use case studies to illustrate their interpretations of the Standards. While helpful in understanding the NPS’s mindset, their reasoning can be a bit skimpy between premises and conclusions, without a deeper explanation of the underlying reasoning. On the whole the NPS’s Interpretations can be useful for at least understanding how the NPS, state preservation agencies and local preservation commissions may interpret the Standards. A better starting point in applying the Standards to any given project is to examine the legal documents that conferred historic status on the property – usually the National Register of Historic Places nomination and/or the local designation ordinance. If these documents make specific reference to certain features, materials and spaces as the basis for a property’s historic designation, then the Standards will be particularly concerned with those aspects of the property. If they don’t, then there may be more room for interpretation when applying those Standards. There may be disagreements between government and owners when interpreting the Standards. In such cases, it’s entirely appropriate for architects to ask governmental entities to clearly articulate their positioning in writing referring to both the plain meaning of the Standards and the legal documents that conferred historic status on the property without undue reliance on their past interpretations as binding authority – which they’re not. Architects should be able to present their positions logically and persuasively on their clients’ behalf using the Standards to their benefit. Failing to do so may require owners to perform work not required by a reasonable reading of the Standards but nonetheless required by a governmental entity. Succeeding in doing so may actually save clients money and improve both a project’s bottom line and an architect’s value to the project and the client. 4. Practice Considerations for Architects The following is a list – though by no means an exclusive one - of practice considerations: Scope of Services. The way in which services are described in written agreements will depend on which services are being provided. If an architect is asked to investigate the range of Historic Rehab Incentives available for a given project, then all the steps of this investigation should be clearly described. If an architect’s services progress beyond this stage to assisting clients in obtaining Historic Rehab Incentives, then great care should be given to drafting contract language. This includes, among other things: describing exactly which Historic Rehab Incentives they’re assisting the client in obtaining; the steps involved for each incentive; service milestones (coordinated with compensation provisions); a list of other professionals the architect may be required to work with; and exactly what services the architect is not providing.



Working With Other Professionals. The successful utilization of Historic Rehab Incentive benefits usually involves working with other professionals such as accountants, attorneys, appraisers or specialty consultants. Architects might enhance their marketing efforts by identifying for their clients other useful professionals with Historic Rehab Incentive experience. Compensation. Compensation will depend on exactly what services are being provided and a wide range of possibilities exists from hourly rates, to lump sum (or a combination of the two), or even a percentage of the benefits might be considered. How architects are compensated for their services should be analyzed with the same considerations as their other services. Professional Liability. Obviously, new services entail new evaluations of risk versus benefit. Not all professional liability policies will expressly cover the services described in this article, so architects should thoroughly discuss liability coverage with their risk managers, insurance carriers and attorneys. As with any other services, much of the risk and potential liability can be reduced through proper contract drafting and ensuring that contracts contain – to the extent permitted by law – express limitations of liability, a disclaimer of representations or guarantees of the value of the benefits or success in obtaining them, acknowledgement by the client that no results are guaranteed, and other provisions that limit an architect’s risk for outcomes that are often beyond their control. 5. Conclusion For architects unfamiliar with historic preservation, there may be a bit of a learning curve in mastering the services discussed in this article. For others with experience working on historic properties, it’s probably more of a retooling of skills, rather than an overhauling. Historic preservation is not a difficult subject to master and architects who are already guiding the rehabilitation of historic projects are already knowledgeable about the details and information needed to help owners improve the financial performance of their projects. Plus, working on historic buildings can be just plain fun. [The following article is posted in two parts on the author’s website at www.lawarkbuilding.com along with a downloadable White Paper. The following is for informational purposes only and should never be constructed as legal or business advice – architects should seek advice only from own their legal counsel and business advisors in advance when considering whether to undertake any of the services discussed in this article.] About the author: Gary L. Cole AIA, ALA, Esq. is a Chicago-based Illinois and Florida-licensed architect and attorney and an expert in historic rehabilitation, preservation law and development financial incentives. He practices design & construction, real estate, preservation and accessibility law and is a Certified Mediator and a member of the Roster of Neutrals for the American Arbitration Association. He can be contacted by email at garycole@lawarkbuilding.com.

ALANEWS ALA Welcomes New Members - Fall 2010 Professional Members Mr. Stephen Cavanaugh, ALA Mr. Gary Cole, ALA Mr. Daniel Earles, ALA Mr. Thomas Flynn, ALA Mr. Peter Goldhammer, ALA Mr. Paul Jackson, ALA Mr. Michael Kettelkamp, ALA Mr. Jack Ovick, ALA Mr. Joseph Pyatek, ALA Mr. Bryan Rouse, ALA Mr. Robert Shane, ALA Mr. Spero Valavanis, ALA Mr. Craig Wilkins, ALA

Chicago, IL Chicago, IL Chicago, IL Lemont, IL St Petersburg, FL Tampa, FL Hannibal, MO Edina, MN Manchester, MO Chicago, IL Park Ridge, IL Valparaiso, IN Detroit, MI

Associate Members Ms. Marcy Conrad Nutt

Minneapolis, MN

Student Member Mr. Phillip Miller

Houston, TX

Affiliate Members Mr. Jon Tevz

Access Elevators

Mr. Mac Hines

Chicago Flameproof and Wood Specialties Corp.

Mr. Craig Hansen

Collaboration Systems Group

Our New Continuing Education Providers A listing of all the approved programs is available on our website at www.alatoday.org Please contact ALA Providers to present seminars at your office. • • • • •

American Groundwater Trust Brick Industry Association CalStar Products, Inc. Chicago Roofing Contractors IMAGINiT Technologies

• • • • •

Kelly P. Reynolds & Associates, Inc. Passive House Midwest Schuyler, Roche & Crisham, P.C. The Wood Products Council Vectorworks

Members in Motion Patrick J. Brennan, President, Milwaukee Chapter CSI presenting their 2010 "Outreach Award" pen to Douglas A. Gallus, FALA, President ALA-Wisconsin at the June 21 program. Doug is a member of CSI and has worked continually with the Milwaukee Chapter to partner and combine various professional meetings and events with CSI, AIA and ALA.

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ALA Case Study:

Bass Lake Residence, “Common Sense” Design & Energy Conservation by Richard A. Schramm, ALA Architectural Workshop, Inc., Kalamazoo, MI

1980 DESIGN CONCEPTS: The Bass Lake Residence is located on the south side of Bass Lake and was designed to blend into the natural beauty of the site utilizing passive solar and earth sheltering techniques to provide low operational costs. The objective was to provide a "Common Sense", environmentally friendly life style for a young, growing family. The United States had experienced an energy crunch, and the Owner recognized that an energy efficient design would provide benefits for a lifetime of use. ARCHITECTURAL CONSTRUCTION FEATURES: The Architect utilized the newly developed low-E glass placed on the southern exposures (minimal glazing on north, east, and west elevations) and a well-insulated building envelope. The house was set into the hillside using poured concrete walls and precast concrete planks to provide a high-mass interior and create a "flywheel-effect" for the periodic solar heat gain cycles of the southern glass. The Styrofoam roof insulation is covered with Trocal PVC membrane for waterproofing. The Trocal is protected with a fabric blanket slip-sheet which is covered with a thin layer of powdered concrete to prevent critters from burrowing through to the Trocal. The complete roof is



covered with six to twelve inches of sod. The walls and roof have, also, received Bentonite clay waterproofing. The southern facing glass is shaded during the summer months with grape vines which attached themselves to cables attached to the cantilevered roof beam extensions. The grapes "leaf-up" during the summer months, and then "drop-off" naturally during the winter when solar gain is most needed. The perimeter walls, floors, and roof were insulated with Styrofoam to retain the solar heat and temper the cooling ground temperature in the summer. The house is equipped with two wood burning stoves, one used occasionally in the living room, and one used more frequently in the kitchen in the mornings. There is an electric fired forced air furnace which is the "back-up" space heating source. The domestic hot water is pre-heated through the kitchen wood stove and then flows into the electric fired hot water heater/storage tank for heat to regulate the final water temperature which is located in the utility room. The kitchen uses an electric range. The washer and electric dryer are located in the utility room. The water supply is a 4" diameter submersible electric pump with a pressure tank located in the utility room. The sanitary sewer system is by gravity to a septic tank and drywell system. 2006 RESTORATION PROJECT:

DOCUMENTED PERFORMANCE: The renovation project gave the Architect an opportunity to evaluate the efficiency of the building and review the condition of the roof structure. The Owner has not experienced any roof leaks over the last 26 years which is unusual for a Trocal roof membrane. The Trocal PVC membrane has provided the house with a water-tight roof. The Trocal was examined and appears to be in like-new

North Elevation

condition. The sod roof protected the Trocal membrane which eliminated the solar exposure and ultraviolet degradation which normally causes roof failure. The Owner's recent energy costs are documented below. Note: the chart illustrates a peak electrical energy usage during 2/19/06-1/16/07 period when the Owner's were on vacation and the house was occupied by a house sitter who used only the electric furnace (not the wood stoves) for space heat. The calculations are based on 12 consecutive months excluding this period not using fire wood heat.

Lower Level Section BB

In 2006 a maintenance project was commissioned. After 26 years of use, the Owner contacted the Architect to assist with the restoration of the redwood fascia on the southern exposures. The modifications to the design were to remove the old fascia boards, install new concrete plank to extend the southern roof overhangs a small amount to provide additional rain protection for the wood window sash, and install new cedar fascia boards. A new cedar guard rail was also added to the upper level patio for the grandchildren's safety.

Section AA

PERFORMANCE CALCULATION: The residence has a lower level living area of 2,446 sq. ft., and an upper level living area of 1,275 sq.ft. or a total living area of 3,721 sq.ft. excluding the 472 sq.ft. garage area. The electric energy consumption for the 12 month period 2/19/07 to 2/13/08 is 7,933 btu with a cost of $768.72. The annual wood consumption for space heat is 3.5 chords of red oak collected on the site by the Owner, available at a market price of $150/chord at a total annual cost of $525.00/year. The combined annual utility cost of electricity and fire wood is: electricity @ $722.20 plus fire wood @ $525.00 which total $1,247.20/year. The annual BTU consumption rate for the electricity @ 25,501,936 btu/year plus fire wood @ 58,000,000 btu/year which total 83,501,936 btu/year. The efficiency is calculated at 83,501,936 btu/year divided by 3,721 sq.ft. floor area which equal 22,440 btu/sq.ft. annual energy rate. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 3 • FALL 2010


2010 ALA Golf Outing hat a difference a year makes! This year the sun was shining, putters glistened and visors were aplenty as players teed off on Friday, August 27 for the 2010 ALA Golf Outing. Fourteen foursomes tested their talents at the Tamarack Golf Club in Naperville, Illinois in a scramble tournament. After enjoying lunch, all players took off in their carts for a Eager contestants registering prior to the 2010 ALA Golf Outing shotgun start. At the end of the day, spirits remained high regardless of scores as more fun ensued at the "19th Hole" reception with a putting contest, followed by a delicious buffet dinner complete with raffle prizes and the announcement of winners. The top honors for the lowest scoring foursome went to Howard Hirsch, Jeff Kubes and Tom Mulcahy shooting an amazing eleven under par! In the individual prize categories, Closest to the Pin was won by Art Pedgrift. John White proved his stuff by winning The Men’s Longest Drive, while Tiffany Money out drove all the women. When it came to who could drive a marshmallow the furthest, Rick Harris was the top chef! While these contests tested the big sticks, there was fierce competition on the putting green with the short sticks. From a 40-foot distance, Steve Less came within half a foot of the hole, Marc Hurley sneaked past him landing within 5 inches and Steve Jaskowiak sank it! The ALA Golf Outing is not complete without its legendary raffle full of great prizes. Hopefully Tom Mulcahy drove an SUV to the tournament as he won an LG 32" Flat Panel LCD HDTV. John White will be cheering on the Hawks this year in his new Jonathan Toews Jersey, Kelly Harris will be snapping away with his new Samsung Digital Camera, while Mark McClintic will be catching up on the latest movies with his Sharp Blue Ray DVD Player. And Jeff Budgell will be busy cheering on two Chicago teams going home with a NFL Bear’s Cooler and a White Sox Pullover. We want to thank Paveloc, Willis A&E, and Amerimix for their contributions to the prize table! Congratulations to all our winners and players for a fun, relaxing day!


Thank You to Our Sponsors: Lunch-Sponsor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Chicago Plastering Institute Putting Contest Sponsor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Midwest Roofers "19th" Hole Reception Sponsor . . .Schuyler, Roche & Crisham, P.C. Thank you to the IDM Group for the Hole Signs and Banners

Pat Harris - MC Team ALA

A Special Thank You goes to Pat Harris, FALA for Chairing the event and Kim Aldana, of Harris Architects, for the logistics and prizes.



20/10 Engineering Group, LLC Belli and Belli Architects & Engineers Inc Harris Architects, Inc. IDM Group IHC Construction Companies, LLC IMAGINiT Technologies Kornacki Associates/Posko Engineering Krusinski Construction Company Markel Corporation Meridian Design Build MGN Consulting Engineers, Inc. Northfield Block LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 3 • FALL 2010


Paveloc Industries Peak Construction Corporation Pilkington Principle Construction Corp. Sabo & Zahn, Attorneys at Law Signature Design Group Suburban Iron Works Sun Mechanical Systems To The Top Home Elevators/Extended Home Living Services Triumph Development Welsch Engineering, Inc.

Golf Prizes were awarded to: Putting Contest Winners: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1st Prize $100.00 – Steve Jaskowiak, Architects' Studio 2nd Prize $75.00 – Marc Hurley, Paveloc Industries 3rd Prize $50.00 – Steve Less, Midwest Type and Imaging Marshmallow Drive - $100.00 Cash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rick Harris, Harris Architects Closest to the Pin - $75.00 Gift Card to Dick’s Sporting Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Art Pedgrift, Choices Brokerage Longest Drive Men’s - $75.00 Gift Card to Dick’s Sporting Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . John White, Harris Architects Longest Drive Women’s - $75.00 Gift Card to Dick’s Sporting Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tiffany Money, IMAGINiT Technologies Lowest Scoring Group - $100 Gift Card Each – Best Buy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Howard Hirsch, Hirsch Associates, LLC; Jeff Kubes, Schuyler, Roche & Crisham Tom Mulcahy, Schuyler, Roche & Crisham Highest Scoring Group – Plumbers Putter Traveling Trophy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mike Welsch, Welsch Engineering, Inc.; Jessica Szczepaniec, Welsch Engineering, Inc; Rick Harris, Harris Architects

Raffle Prizes

Raffle Prize Winner

Longest Drive Men Plumbers Putter Traveling Trophy

Lowest Scoring Group

Marshmallow Drive Winner

Putting Contest Winners













April Program: 1. "It’s Easy Being Green" presented by ALA Illinois board member Cheryl Ciecko, ALA. AIA, LEED AP of Woodworks with sponsor Duane Schantz, from Woodworks. 2. Michael Coan, ALA Illinois Director and Bob Davidson, FALA, President of ALA Illinois, enjoyed the evening. May Program: 3. Sponsors Jim Wissinger and Mike Bosco of REX Electric and Technologies. 4. Presenters Mark Sills and Erin Held of CharterSills presented the latest trends in lighting. 5. Attendees view the display of lighting fixtures. June Tour: 6. ALA members tour the National Gypsum plant in Waukegan. 7. Tom Boissy of National Gypsum hosted our lunchtime seminar on Gypsum 101. June Botanic Garden Tour: 8. Presenter Charlie Stetson, AIA of Booth Hansen, shared his experience and knowledge with ALA members of working on the LEED Gold Science Laboratory at the Chicago Botanic Garden. 9. Attendees enjoyed speaking informally with the program sponsors: M.G. Welbel & Assoc.; Marvin Windows and Doors; and Hamill-Mullan Group. 10. Attendees admired the building’s garden roof and sunset views.

Welcome to

Member Spotlight

Michael G. Coan, ALA MG Coan, Architect

Did you know? I am a Univ. of Illinois grad and have spent time at SOM and P&W with the majority of time as a small practice. I have spent a lot of time in the Lincoln Park area doing work of all sorts as well as development projects such as townhouses, renovation and mixed used projects. I now have a small office in Grayslake, IL. Current Projects: Mostly north of Chicago doing new constructing as well as restaurants and rehabs. Memorable Projects: I helped get the Genesee Theatre project in Waukegan going when I was a board member of the Downtown Association – one of the few successful projects in Waukegan. I have since sold the old downtown YMCA building which I was trying to develop. My Favorite Activity: Sailing – it has been my passion for a long time racing small and larger boats. This year was my 37th MAC Race on a J 109 Full Tilt. My boat, "Animal", a SR21 has gone to Florida and Canada where it has done quite well. The Channel 2 special on the MAC race was a great thing to be part of.



Michael Coan (L) with friend Paul and "Animal", Michael’s sailboat.

Memorable Places to Travel: Through Greece, Italy and France with my longtime friend Richard Paulson, an art professor, where we both talked and looked at lots of architecture. I still like traveling by car with drives to the East coast and Canada as well as short hops in Illinois. My last travel was a week ago to the energy fair in Oregon, IL, just north of Dixon (home of Ronald Reagan). Traveling thru all sorts of towns is a wonderful way to get the history of the place and its architecture. I am looking forward to: Working with my partners to sell and install a 100KW wind turbine – The Northwind 100. This is a great opportunity to be working in the area of renewable energy. On Being an Architect: I still love architecture and the challenge of the next project as well as working with various clients. It is a very rewarding profession.

ALACHAPTERS ALAWISCONSIN ALA-WI/CSI GREAT LAKES DISTILLERY TOUR 5-24-2010 n May 24th, members of the ALA Wisconsin Chapter joined along with the CSI Milwaukee Chapter on a tour of Wisconsin’s only distillery for a casual evening with owner/proprietor Guy Rehorst. Guy discussed the challenges facing large bureaucratic hurdles including the build out and remodeling of a historic tannery/industrial building, licensing and attaining H3 occupancy for his small distillery. Great Lakes Distillery started the company in 2004. Despite numerous obstacles, they managed to license and begin distillery operations in 2006; thus establishing the first beverage distillery in Wisconsin since prohibition. Great Lakes Distillery is pro-active in participating to maintain a sustainable environment not only by revitalizing an old existing building but also by recycling its grain after it has been used for its products. The "spent grain" is delivered to Sweet Water Organics, an urban fish and vegetable farm in a repurposed industrial building located only 2 miles from the ALA Members taste and enjoy the libations distillery. Following the building tour, members had the opportunity to sample their product libations and enjoy socializing at a catered buffet dinner.


CONTINUING EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS FOR WISCONSIN ARCHITECTS Architects, guests and members of ALA-Wisconsin, CSIMilwaukee and AIA-Milwaukee held a joint dinner meeting in Milwaukee on June 21st to learn about the new Rules and regulations for Continuing Education requirements for Wisconsin Architect’s License renewal. On April 21, 2010 the Architects Section of the A-E Joint Board Rules Committee, Examining Board of Architects, Landscape Architects, Professional Engineers, Designers and Land Surveyors unanimously passed the final rules relating to Continuing Education for Architects passed by the State of Wisconsin Legislation. Prior to the August 2012 biennial registration period and the 2 year period preceding each biennial registration period, every registrant shall complete at least 24 contact hours of continuing education, of which 16 contact hours shall be in HSW topics pertinent to the practice of architecture. This program was presented by Mr. Walter L. Wilson, AIA, NOMA, NCARB, the current Chairman of the Architects Section as a member of the Wisconsin Department of Regulation and Licensing. This is great news for the advancement of the profession of Architecture in Wisconsin. L-R: Walter L. Wilson, NCARB, presenter; Steve Etelamaki, CSI, Programs Chairman; William M. Babcock, Hon. AIA, Wisconsin Executive Director; Douglas A. Gallus, FALA, Wisconsin President; Daniel Kabara, AIA, Milwaukee Past President; Patrick J. Brennan, CSI Milwaukee President

COOK-OUT MEETING On the warm moon-lit evening of Tuesday, August 24th a dozen ALA-WI members gathered under the tent at the South Shore Yacht Club along the Milwaukee shore of Lake Michigan for a typical Wisconsin brat’n’beer cook-out buffet dinner. Mr. Jason Stenglein, Senior Trade Development Representative for the Port of Milwaukee, then delivered a presentation and discussion to explain the functions of the Port of Milwaukee as to its important role in the economic stability and urban development for the City of Milwaukee. A lively question and answer session followed regarding several current and new development projects. Following the program, Captain Doug Gallus, FALA took several ALA-WI members on a nighttime sailboat cruise through the inner harbor waterways to see some of the docks and workings, rarely seen by the public, of the port facilities.

ALA Wisconsin members enjoy a brat’n’beer buffet. Doug Gallus, FALA, presents Jason Stenglein, Senior Trade Development Representative for the Port of Milwaukee, with a Certificate of Appreciation.

ALAFLORIDA ALA will host a December CEU program in Tampa, Florida. More information will be on the ALA website: www.alatoday.org CSI-Tampa Chapter will host its first annual ‘CEU-Round-Up’ in mid October. For more information, contact: Jim Romkey (jromkey@parksite.com)

ALAMISSOURI Upcoming Programs: Tuesday, September 14 - "Legalized". This seminar will help acquaint you with the latest on the legal and insurance front to help protect your practice. Learn more about contracts; what to know and what to consider when using Letter Agreements; and legal issues to know when preparing construction drawings. 2.0 LU/HSW Tuesday, November 9 – "Moldy but a Goody" This seminar will help you understand the effects of humidity and moisture on the building envelope and how to avoid problems - something we all need to know. This will be our final seminar of the year. 2.0 LU/HSW More chapter information is available on the ALA website at www.alatoday.org. Programs are held at the Masonry Institute of St. Louis. To register, please contact Kevin Harms at 636-244-4045. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 3 • FALL 2010





Conference Exhibitors

12th Annual Chicago Architecture Conference and Product Show

Tuesday, October 5 Drury Lane Conference Center Oakbrook Terrace • Illinois • 60181

6.0 Learning Units 15 CEU Seminars 90+ Exhibitors


“Integrating Renewable Energy Technologies into Architecture” by Mr. Bil Becker, CEO and Founder of Aerotecture International, Inc.

Access Elevator Ameristar Fence Products Advanced Building Products Airfloor Inc Alcotex Amerimix Andersen Windows, Inc. Arch Wood Protection ASSA ABLOY-Door Security Solutions Atlas EPS Baird's Drapery Services, Inc. BASF/Sonneborn Calstar Products, Inc. Chicago Block & Brick Co., Inc. Chicagoland Roofing Council Collaboration Systems Group Cook County Lumber Cornell Communications County Materials CPI Daylighting, Inc. Demilec USA LLC Dow Building Solutions FDC Digital Imaging Solutions Fiberweb/Typar HouseWrap Hafele America Co. Hamill-Mullan Group Holzkraft Custom Wood Doors Illinois Brick Company IMAGINiT Technologies InPro Corporation J.N. Lucas & Associates, Inc. M.G. Welbel & Associates Major Industries, Inc. MAPEI Corp. Marvin Design Gallery by Estates Windows

Marvin Windows and Doors Master Graphics Mats Inc. Metropolitan Architectural Brick, Inc. Northfield-Bend Océ North America, Inc. Packaged Concrete, Inc. Pella Windows and Doors PerMar Ltd. Pilkington North America Pittsburgh Corning-Foamglas Building Polyglass USA, Inc. PPG Industries, Inc. Rauch Clay Sales Corporation Scranton Products Sherwin-Williams Company Sobotec Ltd. spec near here/Kathryn Quinn Architects

Stanley Black and Decker Tate Access Floors TEC Temple Inland Terrazzo & Marble Supply Companies Tesko Enterprises The IDM Group The Tapco Group To The Top Home Elevators Unilock Chicago, Inc. United Plastics Corp. USG Water Furnace International Weber Furniture Service Weyerhaeuser/I-LEVEL Willis HRH WoodWorks

Photo Credit: Anna Knott

- Break Sponsor - Totes Sponsor -

- Lunch Sponsor - Keynote Address Sponsor

- Reception Sponsor -

- Lanyards Sponsor

Co-Sponsored by Association of Licensed Architects

Chicago Chapter Construction Specifications Institute

For Seminar Descriptions and Presenter Bios, go to www.ALAtoday.org



2010 Chicago Architecture Conference & Product Show Keynote 8:00 AM - 9:30 AM

Keynote Address

INTEGRATING RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES INTO ARCHITECTURE Mr. Bil Becker, CEO and Founder of Aerotecture International, Inc. Bil Becker, inventor, innovator, renewable energy visionary and former Professor of Industrial Design at the University of Illinois-Chicago will address the renewable energy movement from a broad perspective. He will discuss the history and evolution of a variety of technologies including wind, solar, and energy efficiency. His presentation will focus on how these modalities can be integrated into existing and new architecture. Mr. Becker's engaging style blends academic and technical information with hands-on experience for a look at the future of renewable energy as a component of buildings. 1.5 LU/HSW/SD Photo Credit: Kurt Holtz, Lucid Dream Productions

SESSION III 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM

SESSION II 1:15 PM - 2:45 PM

SESSION I 10:30 AM - 12:00 Noon







Lonnie Jones, Shaffner Heaney & Assoc.; Tony Rapisarda, Alcoa

Phil Best, XL Specialty Insurance Co.

David Webster, MasterGraphics, Inc.

Overview of Metal Panel Systems (MCM)-application, manufacturing process, availability and offerings. Learn how a rainscreen wall functions, compare rainscreen design to standard wall construction, review the benefits in rainscreen design and LEED credits.

Discover the reasons to seek “Green” and the challenges and hurdles related to sustainable design. Learn professional liability risks and how to manage through client education, contract language and internal training. Maximize the value of sustainable design with an acceptable level of risk.

This seminar will show some of the best tips and tricks to apply to the AutoCAD technology you currently own and improve your 2D design productivity. Learn about intelligent objects, how to search and utilize prebuilt content, and understand the properties and parametrics of objects as an initial step towards BIM.

1.5 LU


1.5 LU



Richard Martens, LEED AP; BASF

Jeffrey Roseberry, ChE; ProMark Associates, Inc.


This program discusses the cost-effective, energy saving characteristics of fluidapplied air, vapor and water-resistive barriers. It outlines performance-based specification strategies and innovative application techniques. Air barrier requirements and ways to demonstrate compliance will also be addressed.

This program provides a 21st century approach to improving Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) focusing on extreme purification of indoor air to eliminate health issues and reduce energy usage. Understand conventional HVAC methods and shortcomings of handling air and compare with techniques for filtration that can achieve the highest standards of IAQ. Learn about sustainable design functionality for existing buildings and new construction.

Melissa Roberts; Euclid Insurance and Eric Singer; Ice Miller, LLP

Join us for this informative and fast-paced presentation that will walk you through 13 key contract clauses that are useful, harmful or often improperly written. Review samples of contract provisions and typical insurance requirements. Learn how to spot problematic language and apply a checklist to each agreement. We will use experience, stories and even some humor to illustrate the supporting risk management, insurance and legal concepts.



1.5 LU




Marty Jolly, GenFlex Roofing Systems

Garry Benson, Garrison Partners; Steve Brennan, Lorsch Construction; Patrick FitzGerald, FitzGerald Assoc. Architects; Joe Salamone, Salamone Builders.

Overview of roofing components and applications to more specific information about various assemblies, details and slopes. It will address applicable installation techniques and model building codes as they relate to low-slope commercial roofing. Acquire actionable knowledge of roofing products and systems, applications for single-ply and asphalt-based products, building codes, insurance requirements, warranties and maintenance.

View a prototype jointly developed for a green and affordable urban infill home by professionals in architecture, development, construction, prefabrication and marketing. It represents the newest thinking in building technologies, prefab components and construction methods for a contemporary, sustainable lifestyle at an affordable price. Panel will discuss sustainable building certification systems.



Mark Blankenship, CPCU, LEED AP; Liberty International Underwriters and Bob Stanton, CPCU; Willis HRH.

This lively seminar will examine the most effective ways to reduce the frequency and severity of professional liability claims.The presenters will draw on their combined 50+ years of claims experience to deliver a program combining practical advice with religious fervor!

1.5 LU/HSW

This Architecture Conference and Product Show applies environmentally conscious meeting principles. Presenter bios and learning objectives are available online at: www.licensedarchitect.org or www.csichicago.org



Registration Form

Tuesday, October 5, 2010 Please print

Schedule at a Glance 7:00 AM – 8:00 AM 8:00 AM – 9:30 AM 9:30 AM – 4:00 PM 10:30 AM – 12:00 Noon 12:00 Noon – 1:15 PM 1:15 PM – 2:45 PM 3:30 PM – 5:00 PM 5:00 PM – 6:00 PM

Registration/Continental Breakfast Keynote Address Product Show Seminar Session I Lunch Seminar Session II Seminar Session III Wine and Cheese Reception



Christopher Chwedyk, AIA, CSI; The Code Group-Burnham Nationwide.


This seminar will introduce the new International Green Construction Code (IgCC), ASHRAE 189 and ICC 700 Residential Green Code. We will address how these new green codes came to be, their main features, who is currently enforcing them in Illinois, and compare these codes to LEED and the 2009 IECC (current State Energy Code).

Discover unique solutions to tough waterproofing problems in commercial, civil, and residential applications. Evaluate and select appropriate waterproofing systems for specific site conditions and construction methods including new and remedial applications. Determine substrate requirements, and learn how to select and specify quality control measures.




T2 - FROM ANSI TO ISO Heather Yario-Rice, CSI, CDT; MAPEI

One blanket standard for tile installation can no longer be successful with today's larger ceramic tiles and the Learn key garden roofing points for move toward porcelain, metals, natural leak-free performance while unraveling stone and glass. Explore the differences the mystery of Chicago’s Urban Heat of ANSI and ISO specifications. This Island Effect Ordinance and Energy presentation explains how the standards Codes. This seminar will explain fire are changing and what the A&D and structural code requirements, community needs to know to be more important specification points and exact with their specifications. types of roofing systems that meet Chicago's Energy Code. Bill McHugh, CSI; Chicagoland Roofing Council and Rod Petrick, Ridgeworth Roofing.


1.5 LU/HSW



The emergence of green rating systems raises questions about the cost of compliance with each system. This presentation will shed new light on the true costs by offering an extensive cost comparison - executed by experienced builders and architects - of the Chicago Green Homes Program, the ICCNAHB National Green Building Standard and LEED for Homes V.1. It will include the challenges experienced during residential and commercial development processes. 1.5 LU/HSW/SD






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Michael DeRouin, AIA, CSI, CCCA; FitzGerald Associates Architects

Full Name (Badge name)

Phillip Eenigenburg, CSI; Packaged Concrete, Inc.

During this interactive seminar, attendees will participate in hands-on demonstrations illustrating factory produced mortar compared to sitemixed mortar. Participants will gain knowledge on the future of masonry mortar and discover how to achieve consistent color, select and specify mortars to exceed ASTM standards, and determine mortar strength (P.S.I.). 1.5 LU/HSW

Check box for each event you plan to attend (only one seminar per time period)

■ Keynote Address: 8:00 AM - 9:30 AM

Integrating Renewable Energy Technologies into Architecture Session I: 10:30 AM – 12:00 Noon ■ B1 - Introduction to Aluminum and Natural Metal Composite Material ■ S1 - When Green Means Caution: Managing Risks of Sustainable Design ■ L1 - Using Intelligent Objects for Efficient 2D Documentation ■ G1 - Introduction to the New Green Building Codes ■ T1 - Below Grade and Plaza Deck Waterproofing Session II: 1:15 PM - 2:45 PM ■ B2 - Fluid-Applied Air, Vapor and Water-Resistive Barriers ■ S2 - Sustainable Approach to Improving Indoor Air Quality ■ L2 - Feeling Lucky? 13 Contract Provisions to Hold, Fold or Discard ■ G2 - Garden and Energy Efficient Roofing in Chicago and Beyond ■ T2 - From ANSI to ISO Session III: 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM ■ B3 - Commercial Roofing - Critical Knowledge for Designers ■ S3 - The EcoSmart House: Making Green Homes Affordable ■ L3 - The Bruise Brothers Present The Ten Commandments of Loss Prevention ■ G3 - Green Home Building Rating Systems ■ T3 - Factory Preblended Mortar for Masonry Construction

REGISTRATION: Please select ONLY ONE package below $_____ Complete Package (includes all seminars, keynote, product show, breakfast, box lunch & reception) Before Sept. 28 After Sept. 28 ■ Member: ■ CSI-Chicago ■ ALA $125 $140 ■ Non - Member $150 $170 ■ Student $55 $70 $_____ Product Show Only Packages Before Sept. 28 After Sept. 28 ■ Product Show FREE FREE ■ Product Show & Box Lunch $20 $20 Return Form and Payment to ALA • 22159 N. Pepper Rd., Ste. 2N • Barrington, IL 60010 or Fax to 847-382-8380 ■ Pay by Credit Card Credit Card #

■ Check Enclosed Exp. Date

Register Online: www.ALAtoday.org CANCELLATIONS: Cancellations must be received before 5 PM, September 28, 2010. "No Shows" are responsible for applicable fees, and will be billed if not pre-paid. LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 3 • FALL 2010


ALA 22159 N. Pepper Rd., Suite 2N Barrington, IL 60010

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Profile for Lisa Brooks

Licensed Architect  

Proffessional magazine

Licensed Architect  

Proffessional magazine