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Association of Licensed Architects

$6.00 Volume 14, No. 2 Summer 2010

LicensedArc hitect

What’s Inside:

• 2010 Architecture Conference – October 5, 2010 • A 6 Inch High Mountain • Continuing Education Article: Air Leakage and Moisture Movement • Don’t Admit Liability • Major Changes to the 2009 International Residential Code • ALA 2010 Design Award Program Application


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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

For information about exterior systems and the right professionals to install them, call us.

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ALATHEPRESIDENT’SLETTER June, 2010 Dear Readers: Just as you have come to expect, this issue of Licensed Architect is full of good articles on legal matters, insurance, ADA and building codes. Be sure to check out the announcement below for a new webinar series we will be offering soon. This issue features five residential architectural firms from Illinois, Florida, Minnesota and Wisconsin. ALA has chapters in all those states except Florida where we are working on establishing a new one. Tuesday, October 5 is the date for our Annual Architecture Conference which will again be held at Drury Lane in Oakbrook Terrace. You can earn up to six Learning Units of Continuing Education and have a great

opportunity to accumulate information from more than 100 exhibitors. Remember, architectural licenses in Illinois and many other states are up for renewal this year and you need that continuing education. It is also that time of year to start thinking about getting some recognition for the fine work you are doing by participating in our Design Awards Program. If you are not an ALA member, you can still join and get involved. I encourage everyone to take part and receive recognition from your friends and peers. Sincerely,

Steven H. Pate, FALA President

ALA's new Webinar series! Association of Licensed Architects

Why Choose ALA? It’s Your Best Value.

➣ Affordable dues ➣ Industry Information ➣ Continuing education➣ Professional recognition for license renewal ➣ Public referral service ➣ Short form contracts ➣ Free Consultant Hot Lines ➣ ...plus many more benefits Give us a call at 847.382.0630 or visit www.alatoday.org

Become an ALA Education Provider!

ALA can offer you: ➣ Affordable provider rates ➣ Targeted market ➣ Increased visibility ➣ Added credibility ➣ Quality assurance

...Plus it’s easy and hassle free!

Join ALA in their new series of three legal webinars. Each webinar program will be live only and run from 11:30 AM to 1:00 PM CST. Architects can sign up for individual seminars or the entire series and earn up to 4.5 learning units in the convenience of their office. (AIA and ALA approved) Cost: Members - $25 per program, $60 Series of 3 programs Non-Members - $35 per program, $85 Series of 3 programs July 14, 2010 - (Site Visit Risk Management) "It's Not Like Visiting Grandma's" This webinar will discuss the role of the site visit in the design process. It will explain the designer's parameters, address situations involving shop drawing and requests for information, give details on how to install components of the design as well as what to sign and what not to sign (RFI's, Show Drawings, and Change Orders). August 26, 2010 - (Documentation and Electronic Risk Transfer) "Rules of Successful Litigation: Document, Document and Document" This second webinar addresses the role of proper communication and documentation in the design process. It walks through the contract stage, site stage and the use of email correspondence! September 14, 2010 - (Contract Review and Negotiation / New ALA Contracts) "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly" This third webinar will address issues about contractual trends plus what is acceptable and unacceptable in the wording within the contracts. It will also cover the new electronic versions of the ALA Short Form Contracts (Available through www.ALAtoday.org ) More information and registration online at www.alatoday.org

Register now on our website at www.ALAtoday.org or call ALA Headquarters at 847-382-0630

Sponsor: Willis A&E

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

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2010 ALA Design Awards Program SUBMITTALS

PURPOSE To give professional recognition, to excellence in Design by selecting award recipients whose work exhibits the creative and aesthetic characteristics deemed relevant by their peers and associates and to foster adoption of this quality by the general public.

All submittals must be completed works designed by ALA members.

Each entry must be submitted in the following manner. 1. Submit no less than one (1) or more than two (2) 20” X 20” boards, the composition of which shall be at the discretion of the entrant. 2. After Declaration of Intent, each participant will receive a detailed description of entry requirements by August 13, 2010 to guide in the preparation of the boards. Minimum requirements will be enumerated along with accompanying information. 3. Boards and accompanying material must be received at ALA Headquarters by close of business on September 3, 2010.

Design awards are to be in the name of the firm, if a member of the firm is a member of ALA and a Principal of the firm. Otherwise, the award shall be given in the name of the Architect responsible for the design with the name of the members firm also shown.

Award recipients will be requested to furnish additional photos or electronic versions for press releases and to display their boards at the Awards Banquet.

ELIGIBILITY

AWARD WINNING ENTRIES

No entry may be submitted which has previously won an ALA or ICARA Design Award.

AWARDS Entries will be judged on their own merits based on: • Program Solution • Site and Space Planning • Overall Design Solution • Construction System and Details Certificates will be presented in order that the Firm, Owner, Contractor and Developer may be recipients. The following awards will be issued: Presidential Award (1) Gold Medal Award Silver Medal Award Award of Merit

PRESENTATION OF AWARDS Certificates will be presented to applicants at the 2010 Awards Presentation Dinner on Friday, November 12, 2010 at the Medinah Country Club in Medinah, Illinois. Clients are invited to attend along with entrants and guests. Additional certificates will be made available at the applicant’s request, for a nominal fee of $35.00 each.

RELEASE, RETURN OF ENTRY, AND PUBLICITY All entries are accepted with the explicit free right of publication, reproduction, and use by ALA and its sponsors without need for further approval. ALA shall not be responsible for protection of submission. Submissions may be picked up at the awards dinner or will be returned COD in their original containers.

CATEGORIES Entries 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

SUBMISSION OF INTENT

shall be labeled in one of the following categories: Residential I - Single Family Homes Residential II - Multi Family Homes, Apts Commercial/Industrial Renovation Institutional Religious Unbuilt Design Interior Architecture

JURY/JUDGING The jury panel of five jurors will be composed of architects and other design professionals such as college professors, journalists, interior designers, etc. It will meet shortly after the submission deadline to evaluate and select the building projects to receive awards.

The attached Declaration of Intent must be completed and returned with payment post-marked no later than August 13, 2010 to: ALA Headquarters 2159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N Barrington, IL 60010 Entry fees must accompany each entry as described below: ALA Members: $100.00 per entry Non-ALA Members: $195.00 for the first entry (includes a one year ALA Membership) Each additional entry: $100.00 Direct questions to ALA Headquarters (847-382-0630) or E-mail: Kay@LicensedArchitect.org

DEADLINES August 13, 2010: Declaration of Intent

Decisions of the jury shall be final. None of the jury members may submit entries for judging or be associated with a firm submitting entries.

Sept. 3, 2010: Submission of Entries

Declaration of Intent • 2010 ALA Design Awards Program Association of Licensed Architects

I plan to submit an entry (entries) in ALA’s 2010 Design Award Program and will submit all materials by Sept. 3rd, 2010 to: ALA Headquarters, 22N159 Pepper Road, Suite 2N • Barrington, IL 60010

Please mail my registration number(s), carrier sheets and official data sheets to: Name

Company

Phone No.

Fax No.

Address

City

E-Mail State

Zip

PROJECT ID BY NAME(S) Number of entries

@ $100.00 per entry (ALA members) $

Number of entries

@ $195.00 per initial entry (non-ALA members) $ $100.00 each additional entry

2009 Presidential Award Winner: DeStefano Partners and SAMOO Architects & Engineers Project: Garden 5 - Tool

Make checks payable to ALA (include check with form)


LicensedArchitect

Vol. 14, No. 2, Summer 2010

Featured Residential Architects Chancey Design Partnership

COVER

p. 17-19

Minneapolis Home Minneapolis, MN

Architect: TEA2 Architects

Hanna Architects, Inc.

p. 20-22

Photography: TEA2 Architects

Howard Alan Architects

p. 24-26 This home is located on a block where all the homes back into a steep hill causing garages to be in front and at street level, while the Living spaces are located on the second floor. This home creates an inviting entrance sequence up to the second floor and successfully incorporates the garage door into an attractive front facade. The house was on a very tight budget. The design, both inside and out, creates charm out of simplicity of form, space, and selective use of materials. The goal was not to spread the dollars too thinly. An aesthetic was developed to allow for simple lines and simpleness as character. This was balanced by choosing high-quality materials where needed to carry the day for character, e.g., a reclaimed wood floor with a special finish, quality doors and hardware.

Pitzen Design TEA2 Architects

p. 28-30

p. 32-34

ARTICLES 7

Buy-Sell Agreements Dealing with ownership transition using Buy-Sell Agreements. by James Zahn, Esq., FALA, FAIA

12

Don’t Admit Liaibilty Discussed is the admission of fault in determining liability issues. by Robert Stanton, Vice President, Risk Management, Willis A&E

14 A “6” Inch High Mountain Accessibility issues discussing the rise in pavement between parking lots and sidewalks. by Kimberly Paarlberg, ICC Senior Staff Architect, Codes and Standards

31 Major Changes to the 2009 International Residential Code The 2009 International Residential Code has some major changes you need to know. by Kelly P. Reynolds, ALA Code Consultant

35 Continuing Education: Air Leakage and Moisture Movement Discussing the proper incorporation of a building enclosure system. by Russell Snow, National Speciifcations Development Manager for W. R. Meadows of Canada

40 Firestop Systems Through the Building Life Cycle Desgin, Contractor Qualification, Inpsection and ongoing management - a standardized process that can be specified is discussed. by Bill McHugh, Executive Director of the Firestop Contractors International Association

53 2010 Chicago Architecture Conference and Product Show LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

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PUBLISHER’S INFO

OUR REGULAR FEATURES

PUBLISHER ALA, Inc.

14

ADA Advice

49

ALA Chapters

46

ALA News

53

Architecture Conference

31

Code Corner

35

Continuing Education Article

40

Contributed Article on Firestop Systems

4

Design Award Program

44

Education in Architecture

12

Insurance Info

46

Job Posting

Peg McLean

7

Legal Issues

GRAPHIC DESIGN/MAGAZINE

48

Legal Services for Architects

9

Membership

47

Members in Motion

46

New Members

BOARD OF DIRECTORS Steven H. Pate, FALA - President James K. Zahn, Esq., FALA, Vice President Mark Van Spann, FALA - Secretary Patrick C. Harris, FALA - Treasurer Peg McLean, Executive Director

DIRECTORS: James J. Belli, FALA Richard Brownlee, ALA Jeff Budgell, ALA Tom Harkins (Affiliate) Doug Gallus, FALA (Chapter Delegate) Rick Gilmore, FALA Jeff Whyte, ALA Horatiu Wolff, FALA (Illinois Delegate)

EDITORS Lisa Brooks Robert Davidson, FALA Patrick C. Harris, FALA Steven H. Pate, FALA

ADVERTISING SALES & PRODUCTION MANAGER

Midwest Type and Imaging ALA, Inc. serves the architectural profession. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form without the express written consent of the publisher. Published in the U.S.A.,© 2010 by ALA, Inc. All rights reserved. Opinions expressed in articles are not necessarily those of ALA, Inc. Any reference to a product or service is not to be construed as an endorsement of same. Advertising published in Licensed Architect does not constitute nor imply an endorsement or recommendation of the advertiser’s products by ALA, Inc., or any of its members. ALA reserves the right to review all advertising for acceptability.

- Advertisers Thank you to our Advertisers - they make this magazine possible A & E Group of Willis HRH Active Foam Andersen Windows Berg Engineering Consultants, Ltd. CPI Daylighting Chicago Plastering Institute Chicagoland Roofing Council Coleman, Hull & van Vliet, PLLP Crivello, Carlson, S.C. Ferris College - Job Posting

For advertising, or membership information, call or write Peg McLean at: ALA, 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 Phone: (847) 382-0630; Fax: (847) 382-8380; E-mail: ALA@ALAtoday.org

Hill Mechanical Group 11 Kelly P. Reynolds & Associates, Inc. 46 Master Graphics 23 Mortar Net 52 Northfield-Bend Company Back Cover Rauch Clay 52 SABO & ZAHN 48 Spancrete 50 Tee Jay Service Company 14

Moving? Please let us know if you have an address correction, wish to submit news items, press releases, or an article, write to:

Web Site: www.ALAtoday.org

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

Peg McLean at ALA 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 Phone: (847) 382-0630 • Fax: (847) 382-8380 E-mail: ALA@licensedarchitect.org


LEGALISSUES

by James K. Zahn, Esq., FALA, FAIA

Buy-Sell Agreements As a result of the current economic situation, many firms are going through ownership transitions. Some firms have an easier time accommodating ownership transitions than others, because they have adequate Buy-Sell agreements in place addressing how the ownership transitions are to take place. Every business other than a sole-proprietorship should have a Buy-Sell Agreement entered into by all the owners of the business entity. This article will address issues concerning corporations. However, if the business entity is a partnership, LLC, LLP, LP, or other business owned by more than one person, the same concerns apply and should be addressed by the owners of each respective type of business entity. A Buy-Sell agreement allows for the smooth transition of ownership interests and business continuity of the firm. It is much easier to establish the provisions of a Buy-Sell Agreement concurrently with the establishment of a new firm, or if necessary shortly thereafter, when all of the owners of the firm are cooperative, in substantial agreement with how the business should operate, and eager to work hard to make the business successful. (Continued on page 8)

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

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LEGALISSUES (continued from page 7)

Once the business is established, it will become much more difficult to reach consensus concerning the terms and conditions of a Buy-Sell Agreement. Each partner, shareholder or member will have his or her own perspective on what the terms and conditions of the agreement should be, and each owner will view the buy-sell agreement in a light that is most favorable to his or her personal interests. What may be beneficial to one party may not be beneficial to another. The best time to reach consensus on the terms and conditions of a proposed Buy-Sell Agreement amongst all parties is when the business is first formed. The balance of this article includes some, but necessarily all, of various issues that should normally be addressed in a competently prepared Buy-Sell Agreement. Each business entity may have its own specific additional issues that also need to be addressed. At the very minimum, the following subjects should be considered for incorporation in the Buy-Sell Agreement: PURPOSE: A statement of the purpose of the Buy-Sell Agreement. TRANSFER RESTRICTIONS: A statement identifying any restrictions to the transfer of shares to other parties. Restrictions on the transfer of shares would be applicable to any transfer, sale, assignment, hypothecation, encumbrance, or alienation of the shares, except for those allowed for by the Buy-Sell Agreement. This should be reflected on the Legend on the share certificate. LEGEND: The Buy-Sell Agreement should state the exact wording of the Legend that is to appear on the backside of each share certificate. The Legend states what the restrictions to the transfer, sale, assignment, hypothecation, encumbrance, or alienation of the shares represented by the certificate are, or refer specifically to the Buy-Sell Agreement. Normally, the Legend is placed on the backside of the share certificate in a prominent place. PURCHASE AND SALE OF SHARES OF DECEASED SHAREHOLDER: Upon the death of a shareholder, the corporation will want to purchase, the deceased shareholder’s share in the corporation. This section should address how this is done, including price, timing of payments, and so forth.

DETERMINATION OF THE VALUE OF SHARES: The signatories to the Buy-Sell Agreement should specify in this paragraph the process and criteria for determining the value of the shares of the corporation from time to time, usually annually. In lieu of the foregoing, with the unanimous consent of all of the shareholders of the corporation, the value of shares could be determined on a yearly basis by the corporation’s accountant using generally accepted accounting principles in that determination. It is important to establish the value of shares on a yearly basis to alleviate an opportunity for conflict concerning what the share value should be. PURPOSE AND PROVISIONS OF INSURANCE: In order to assure that all or a substantial part of the purchase price of the shares of a deceased shareholder will be available immediately in cash upon his death, the corporation may procure insurance on the life of each shareholder. A list indicating each such policy with policy numbers and amounts of insurance should be attached to the Buy-Sell Agreement as an exhibit. ADDITIONAL OR SUBSTITUTED INSURANCE: The corporation might want to have the right to procure additional policies on the lives of the shareholders and make such policies subject to the Buy-Sell Agreement in order to keep the value of the life insurance policies owned by the corporation and subject to the agreement in parity with the value of the shares subject to the agreement. COLLECTION AND PAYMENT OF INSURANCE PROCEEDS: Upon the death of a shareholder, the corporation agrees to collect the proceeds of the policy or policies payable to it by reason of the shareholder’s death and pay the proceeds to the estate of the deceased shareholder as is necessary to purchase the shares of the deceased shareholder at the price determined above. PURCHASE PRICE IN EXCESS OF THE INSURANCE PROCEEDS: In the event the amount of insurance proceeds is less than the total purchase price to be paid for the deceased shareholder’s shares, the balance of the purchase price could be paid in regular installments, until paid in full. This paragraph should state the number of months that will be permitted as well as the interest rate per annum that will also be paid until the difference is paid in full. The corporation should be able to accelerate these payments if desired. PURCHASE AND SALE OF SHARES DURING SHAREHOLDER’S LIFE: In the event that any shareholder desires to dispose of his shares in the corporation during his lifetime, he should be required to first offer to sell such shares to the corporation and the other shareholders by giving them written notice to that effect. Unless the offering shareholder has a bona fide offer to sell his shares to another, the price of the offered shares should be pursuant to a formula set forth in the Buy-Sell Agreement. If the offering shareholder has a bona fide offer for some or for all of his shares, the price to be paid by the corporation should be the purchase price established in such offer, payable in the same manner and on the same terms as set forth in that offer. The corporation should be given the right of first refusal. Should the (Continued on page 43)

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010


MEMBERSHIP

Association of Licensed Architects

Join now and become a member of a dynamic growing organization of architects ALA (The Association of Licensed Architects) is an organization open to all architects and professions related to architecture. It represents architects registered or licensed in any state, territory or possession of the United States, and foreign countries. ALA is committed to expanding its membership and professional services. ALA was founded in the fall of 1999 by a group of architects who formerly served as Board Members of other Architects’ Associations. In November of 1999, ALA was joined by ISA (Illinois Society of Architects), the oldest independent state organization in the country, which brought valued expertise and historic significance to the Association. Over the past few years, ALA has experienced rapid growth, record attendance at its dynamic programs and great progress under the leadership of the President, the Executive Board, and stewardship of the Executive Director. It continues to charge affordable dues, offer and expand its real services, and publishes a professional magazine with a superior reputation for content, technical information and featured architects. ALA’s mission is to advance the Architectural Profession through education and by supporting and improving the profession’s role in the built environment. ALA’s vision is to positively impact the Architectural Profession through the power of organization. Its purpose is to unite, educate, promote, and advance the Architectural Profession and address critical issues confronting it. ALA will support the efforts of other Associations, when combined efforts will produce benefits for all. ALA will work and speak for members of the Architectural Profession and improve communication with the community through programs offering information, education and cooperation. It proposes to advance and contribute to the general health, safety and welfare of the general public and believes in stimulating and encouraging continuing education plus the advancement of the art and science of architecture. ALA’s motto is "Architects united to advance the Profession of Architecture."

SEE

What ALA can do for YOU!

BENEFITS FOR MEMBERS: Professional & Emeritus Members • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Professional Designation Project Referral Legislative Monitoring Continuing Education and CEU credits Health and Insurance Programs Short Contracts: Owner/Architects Quarterly Magazine “Legal” and “Code” Hot Lines Membership Certificate Media Platform to Publish Work Professional Design Awards Program Student Merit and Design Awards Intern Development Assistance Program Internet and E-mail Capability Networking & Interaction with Industry-Related Professionals Membership Directory Annual Trade Show Seminars/Programs at Reduced Rates Professional Information Personal Involvement Voting Privileges Special Purchasing Rates

Affiliate, Associate, Student and Honorary Members • Same as professional members with the exception of voting privileges and professional designation

Involvement is an Investment in your Future! Share Experiences, Write an Article, Publish Design Work, Serve on a Task Force

THE NEXT PAGE FOR MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION

HELP INFLUENCE

THE

FUTURE

OF

ARCHITECTURE

Collective strength provides a wellspring of knowledge

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

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What the Association of Licensed Architects can do for YOU! ALA will provide you with:

JOIN NOW

• Information • Education • Research • Networking • Referral Service • Professional Practice Techniques

Reap the Benefits! SUPPORT your PROFESSION!

Please complete the application below and mail with your tax deductible check made out to ALA, 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 For information call 847-382-0630 or E-mail: ALA@licensedarchitect.org Registration is now available on-line at ALAtoday.org

ALA Membership Application 22159 N. Pepper Road, Suite 2N, Barrington, IL 60010 (1) Full Name

(Please print)

Last

First

(2) Current Professional Status: ■ Partner/Principal

■ Employee

M.I. ■ Academic

■ Other

(3) Information for Association records (Please check ONE box for desired mailing address): ■ Office ■ Residence Firm name

Address

Address

City / State / Zip

City / State / Zip

Phone

E-mail Address

E-mail Address

Phone: (

)

Fax: (

)

(4) States of Licensure

FAX No. (include area code)

License No.

(5) Project types: (6) Number of employees in firm/corporation: (7) Current Membership in other Professional Organizations: (8) Referred by: Make Check payable to ALA (9) ALA Membership Category Applying For: ■ PROFESSIONAL - Licensed architects = $95.00 ■ SENIOR - Licensed retired architect 65 or over = $65.00 ■ AFFILIATE - Industry or related professionals = $150.00 ■ ASSOCIATE - Architecture degree/non-licensed = $65.00 ■ STUDENT - Full time/Architecture Schools = $25.00 ■ International Members (add for postage) ■ Europe = $35.00 ■ Far East = $40.00

(10) ■ Optional: ALA Member and Resource Directory available on website: Printed Directory = $20.00

Signature of Applicant

Date All dues may be deducted as a business expense but not as a charitable contribution.

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010


INSURANCEINFO

Don’t Admit Liability By Robert Stanton, Vice President, Risk Management, Willis A&E

he phone rings. The caller is the owner of a project you are working on, and he says, "We have a problem. Can you come out to the jobsite today? We are having a meeting with you and the contractors. I will be there with my attorney." You respond, "Yes, I can be there. What time? You get the particulars and think that you have just enough time to call your insurance broker and advise them there may be a potential problem. You call your broker, and are also able to talk to your insurance claims representative before the meeting. The claims representative demands "Don’t admit liability!" Let’s look at a couple of scenarios. Scenario One: The designer is an architect who has been involved in a project that is a new office building. The excavation work has been done, and there has been a recent rainstorm. While the water is being pumped from the bottom of the excavation, there is work that is being done on the first floor of the building. The structural steel is up, but the building has not been enclosed. While the floor has some birdbath like puddles, the space is workable. A worker, in an attempt at humor, begins dancing on the top of a scaffold, which unfortunately is sitting in one of the birdbaths. His hand tool comes in contact with a live electrical wire and he is severely shocked. The severity of the shock knocks him off of the scaffold where he lands on his neck and is killed. The architect was so overcome with emotion during his attendance on the site shortly after the accident, he said "All we tried to do was provide safe place for people to work, and now we’ve killed him."

The owner’s attorney, in attendance at the meeting, obviously begins scribbling down the quote immediately. How should this scenario have been handled? It is acceptable to be sad in the face of the death of a worker. To do otherwise could be considered as callus by others in attendance at the meeting. However, if the scenario raises an emotional response, the attendee should attempt to say nothing until such time as the emotional episode has passed. The first problem with his statement is the contract the architect executed did not have any stipulations requiring the architect to take on any jobsite safety duties. Also, he was not on the site at the time of the incident, nor any contractual obligation to be on site. The contract called for site visits "as requested." Second, no one killed the decedent. It was an accident. If anything, the decedent heavily contributed to his demise by dancing on top of a scaffold. The proper remarks under this scenario are "This is a terrible tragedy. Our sympathies go out to the family." As the architect was not on the site and had no contractual obligation to be on the site, no comment is necessary. It is outside the architect’s scope of services. Scenario Two: The insured is a structural engineer, who designed a university dormitory. The university provided the engineer with a significant portion of his annual work, and had been a good client through the years. He was called to the site only to discovery that the one-year old building had partially collapsed. He had talked to his insurance claims representative, who advised him "Don’t admit liability." No other direction was given. Therefore, he said nothing, even when he was pressed to make some sort of comment. He later came back and indicated that he felt foolish not offering any opinion whatsoever, especially in front of a significant client. He later confided he was tempted to assume some of the responsibility to show the client that he stood by his work.

“An admission of fault may imperil coverage. Even if coverage is not imperiled, there is the question as ‘what is exposure.’ ”

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010


INSURANCEINFO

How should this scenario have been handled? There is a significant difference between acknowledging there is a problem and admitting fault. For a structural engineer to stand in front of a oneyear old partially collapsed building and say, "I don’t see a problem" would demonstrate to the others an unwillingness to cooperate, and could lead to the structural engineer becoming the target defendant of the other parties. It could also cost him a valued client relationship. What would have been the proper response? The structural engineer should have said, "This is a problem. We should begin an investigation into the cause of the collapse as soon as possible, and should refrain from fingerpointing until such time as the investigation is complete." This type of response allows for the structural engineer to retain credibility with the client while not creating an exposure to his firm. While the issue of emotion seems far-fetched, emotions have played a big role in many claim disasters through the years. I have personally experienced the obstacles created because of the fear, anger or resentment the design professional has experienced early in the life of a claim. The obstacles created by emotional outbursts have made the resolution of the claims both more time consuming and expensive. In the first scenario noted above, we had a much more difficult and expensive challenge demonstrating the architect did not have site observation duties. In the second scenario, there are two issues that are brought to the forefront for discussion. First, it could have easily been assumed there were issues with the structural design as the building suffered a partial collapse. Investigation later revealed the plans and specifications called or concrete block walls to be installed with rebar centered in the cells and the cells filled with mortar. In the portion that collapsed, neither rebar nor mortar in the cells were installed as specified. Other significant construction issues were noted as well. So, the admission of problems with the building and a call for an investigation would have been the responsible answer. An admission of fault at

that point would have adversely affected the course of the investigation as well, perhaps to the point where the design professional was found to be the main culprit. More importantly, the insured was going to admit fault due to the fact the client was a good client and the design professional wanted to show he stood by his work. This was going to be done in the hopes of retaining the client. This has become a common theme, and one that could spell disaster to the design firm. An admission of fault may imperil coverage. Even if coverage is not imperiled, there is the question as to "what is the exposure." If the design firm had $1,000,000 in coverage, and the damages are $2,000,000, the firm is committed to an exposure in excess of its policy proceeds. The fact that later investigation would have revealed the design met the standard of care, the exposure would still exist by virtue of the admission of fault.

“Therefore, there is no problem with admitting there is a problem. Don’t admit to any fault.”

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

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ADAADVICE

A “6” Inch High Mountain! by Kimberly Paarlberg, ICC Senior Staff Architect, Codes and Standards

An important part of an accessible route between the accessible parking and the accessible entrance is the getting up the rise between the parking lot and the sidewalk. While this step up might not even be noticed by an ambulatory person, it can be a mountain to a person using a mobility device such as a wheelchair, walker or crutches. Common Mistakes – A curb cut that is the same width as the sidewalk (Figure 1).

Figure 1: Example of a curb cut that has no top landing and a bad location for access to the entrance.

While this was permitted in the 1998 ICC A117.1, and is permitted under 2003 ICC A117.1 on existing sites being altered, this is not permitted in new construction (ICC A117.1 406.7). In new construction, a 36" minimum deep landing at the top of a curb ramp is required. One problem is when a pedestrian

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route is perpendicular and across the curb cut. If the cut-in does not have a level route past the top of the ramp, persons moving across the ramp have to deal with multiple slopes in changing directions. This can be a tripping hazard for a person with mobility impairments. This type of curb cut is also difficult for a person using a wheelchair when they have to deal with the alternating slopes of the ramp surface and flared sides as they move up the curb cut at an angle. A built-up curb cut located in the parking access aisle (Figure 2). The access aisle for an accessible parking space is required to be level for the entire length of the parking space (ICC A117.1 502.5). A built-up curb ramp extending into the access aisle creates a sloped surface that can make Figure 2: Example of built-up curb ramp transfers from the vehicle overlaping access aisles to a mobility device difficult if not impossible. In addition, some transfer vans have deployment ramps that sense for level surfaces when they touch the ground. If the surface is not level, they will return to the closed position. If a built-up curb ramp is necessary to be able to get a landing at the top and bottom, it must be located on a route outside of the parking access aisles. Curb ramps with bad locations (see Figure 1). Don’t locate a curb cut or curb ramp, including any flared sides, so that it can be blocked by parked cars (ICC A117.1 406.6). Even if constructed correctly, if you cannot get to it, it doesn’t work. Also, locate the curb ramp along the logical and common route between the accessible parking spaces and the accessible entrances (2009 IBC 1104.5 and 1106.6). A person using a mobility device must be able to move along with the general


population to the accessible entrance. This may not be the most direct line. For example, there may be a route that leads to a marked crosswalk rather than cutting diagonally across a vehicular route. Also, remember that when curb ramps are at marked crossings, the crossing should include the ramp and the flared sides (ICC A117.1 406.6).

Code compliant but maybe not the most user friendly. Possible tripping hazards (Figure 3). When there is space for a route past the top of a curb cut, flared sides are not required. However, this can be a tripping hazard for situations where the Figure 3: Example of curb cut with side curbs and sidewalk is crowded painted surface so that the entire width is occupied, or for situations where the curb cut location might not be obvious to persons with vision impairments. A site designer could choose to provide flared sides, but they must have a maximum slope of 1:10. Forgetting about draining. If you use a built-up curb ramp, remember that the gutter it is crossing may be directly water drainage for the parking lot. It may be necessary to place a pipe under the ramp so that water can continue down the gutter rather than the curb ramp, effectively working like a small dam. Curbs that are in excess of 6 inches in height. Literally when something is classified as a curb ramp, handrails are not required, even if the rise is greater than 6 inches. Handrails are required on ramps with a rise of greater than 6 inches (ICC A117.1 405.8), but handrails are not part of the curb ramp requirements in recognition of street slopes and site drainage requirements. However, a site designer could add handrails if they felt that the rise was such that a person might need them for additional assistance. Are detectable warnings required? At this time the IBC does not require detectable warnings on curb ramps (2009 IBC 1109.9). If they are provided ICC A117.1 does provide criteria for the location, area covered, standardization, contrast and pattern/texture (ICC A117.1 406.13 and 705). The intent of the truncated domes is for a person with vision impairments to realize when they have moved into a vehicular route. The location will vary based on the layout of the route and the orientation of the curb ramp on that route. For your information, detectable warnings are addressed in the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) but are not required on curb ramps in the 2004 ADA/ABA Guidelines. For information on the development of new criteria, visit http://www.accessboard.gov/prowac/index.htm.

Something new. The 2010 ICC A117.1 has added a new requirement for the sides of curb ramps when the curbs along the street or parking lot are painted. The purpose is to provide a visual clue for person with Figure 4: Example of the new painted curb sight impairments. The requirements requirement is that the curb portion along the flared sides should also be painted, but not the curb portion at the ramp itself (see Figure 4). It is important not to paint the flared sides of the curb ramps or the ramp surface itself. The epoxy paints used for outdoor surfaces can be extremely slippery when wet.

Possible solutions. A possible solution for sites where a 36" wide sidewalk is preferred would be to depress a section of the sidewalk to the level of the parking lot. A curb ramp at both ends of the route would be a straight slope, thus eliminating the need to either go around or negotiate over sloped sides. The minimum recommended length of the bottom landing would be 60 inches, so that a person using a wheelchair could Figure 5: Example of solution with depressed sidewalk move to in front of the curb ramp on a flat surface (Figure 5). Since this is the width of the access aisle, that should not be a problem. The sidewalk could even be depressed along the entire width of several accessible spaces. This would allow Figure 6: Example of solution with no curb multiple access points, thus greatly reducing the chance that the route would be blocked. Other options might be not having curbs (Figure 6) or locating the curb ramp away from the building edge (Figure 7). Just some quick easy ideas that may help reduce that mountain to a molehill!

Figure 7: Example of solution with curb ramp remote from entrance

Bibliography: 2009 International Building Code (2009 IBC) ICC A117.1 Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities, 2003 and 2010 editions (ICC A117.1) United States Access Board – Public Rights-of-Way Guidelines LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

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Introduction to

Featured Architects Spotlight on Residential Projects

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Featured Architect

In 1989, Chancey Design Partnership began building a reputation based on the concept of service and design excellence. It was a formula that resulted in tremendous client satisfaction and it helped them to become one of the most respected architecture, land planning, and interior design firms in the Southeast U.S. and Caribbean. Chancey Design Partnership specializes in residential architecture from custom single family homes to multistory condominiums but their project portfolio also offers health care, resort planning, senior housing and a great many mixed-use projects that include restaurants, offices, banks, and retail space. The firm endeavors to bring sustainable design concepts to every project while ensuring the client’s project goals and budget are achieved. Chancey Design Partnership’s commitment to sustainable design is evidenced in their own new office building, which was the first LEED for New Construction certified building in Tampa. In addition to many other green building strategies, the highly efficient air conditioning systems, reflective roofing, and super insulated exterior envelope contributed to the building also receiving Energy Star certification.

Golf View Residence Tampa, Florida Sited on a private golf course, this custom single family residence interprets classical design principles for today’s contemporary living style. Referencing European influences, arched loggias and broad terraces connect interior space with the natural surroundings. Spatially organized around a central grand Salon, gracious gathering spaces are complimented by intimate rooms that support entertaining and everyday living. A simple palette of natural materials such as stained woods, slate, and limestone were utilized throughout, contributing to the home’s understated elegance. Chancey Design Partnership provided complete architecture, interior design, and furnishing procurement for this project.

Photographer: Thibault Jeanson

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Featured Architect

WaterSound Passages Residence Seagrove Beach, Florida Located in a traditional neighborhood development, this home achieves a marriage of traditional details and forms with an open plan for modern day living. An adaptation of the New England coastal vernacular, the sheltering roof lines are extended and covered outdoor spaces expanded to provide relief from the warm southern climate. Features include private guest quarters above the garage, an elevator, an expansive master suite with large private porch, a golf care garage and a fourth floor tower with views of the Gulf of Mexico. Chancey Design Partnership provided complete architecture and interior design services for this project.

Lofts at Barrett Square Rosemary Beach, Florida Chancey Design Partnership led the development team that acquired the land, designed, and developed these two mixed use buildings that anchor the commercial center of Rosemary Beach, a New Urban community in northwest Florida. Each building contains retail and office space at the ground floor surrounded by covered walkways that continue the pedestrian pathways within the community. Above are two floors of residential units that range in size from approximately 850 s.f. to 1,400 s.f. Chancey Design Partnership provided complete architecture and interior design services for this project.

Photographer: Tommy Crow

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Featured Architect

Ventana Tampa,Florida

Photographer: George Cott

This mixed use project redeveloped an urban infill site in the historic Channel District of downtown Tampa. The project is comprised of 84 residential units located in eight floors over two levels of structured parking with 8,000 s.f. of retail on the ground floor. A large amenity deck with pool terrace, fitness center, and concierge are located directly above the parking levels. Residences have dramatic views of the active channel boat traffic, the Florida Aquarium, and the downtown Tampa skyline. Chancey Design provided complete architecture and interior design for this project as well as furniture procurement for the public spaces and several penthouse units.

Chancey Office Building Tampa, Florida Located in the historic district of Ybor City in Tampa, this new 19,000 s.f. four story office building houses Chancey Design Partnership’s main office. Designed to demonstrate the firm’s commitment to sustainable design, it was the first building in Tampa to receive LEED for New Construction certification. It also received the Energy Star designation from the EPA. Working within the neighborhood architectural review guidelines, this building redeveloped a vacant urban parcel fronting 7th Avenue, recently recognized as one of America’s 10 Best Streets by the American Planning Association. The building’s overall scale and exterior materials reinforce the existing urban fabric and context of the neighborhood while providing a clean, modern, light-filled, enjoyable place to work.

Photographer: Dennis Eckel

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Featured Architect

“Architecture of the American Ambition”

HANNA ARCHITECTS, INC. was founded in 1992 by John C. Hanna, ALA solely for the purpose of providing complete architectural services. The firms’ diversified work includes new construction and extensive rehabilitation of medium to large scale projects. The firm has experience in the preliminary phases of the building process through building design, contract documents and construction phase services. We know that there are many different types of clients out there, from different backgrounds and origins and they all have different needs, goals and different ways of expressing themselves. That is what makes this work so interesting. Not every project is going to serve our own design concerns but every project will….meet our clients’ needs. Where else can you hang your shingle out, have somebody walk through your door, explain their needs to you and we as architects get to solve their issues. What a great job this is!. We believe that through careful listening to our clients we can achieve anything. We leave our egos at the doorstep, roll up our sleeves and approach every project with no preconceived notions… only knowledge. We worry more about the clients’ bottom line than we do about our own. It is with this attitude that keeps our clients coming back for more. We are currently working on; a 240 car parking garage/mixed use building, 24 unit mixed use project, 80 unit intergenerational housing, 92 unit family housing, gas station, 30 unit building rehab, 22 unit co-housing project, an 18 dwelling unit building, numerous 3 flats and several single family houses.

3 dwelling Unit buildings East Village, Chicago, IL The main design objective of our 3 unit buildings are to reflect current market trends which are calling out to reinterpret the traditional Chicago 3 flat. Interiorwise this meant that every unit is broken down to two or three levels corresponding to different functions within the units. This in combination with stepping of the front facades creates a warm, fuzzy feeling while avoiding full floor monotony. The street elevations are always sculpted and clad in brick/ aluminum/steel and combined with the large glazing opening exploding onto the terraces. These buildings while distinctly different from the neighboring traditional buildings truly are becoming a part of a new urban street character. 1300 N. Bosworth Ave. Chicago, IL

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930 W. Concord Pl. Chicago, IL


Featured Architect

Harold Washington Cultural Center 4701 S. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. Chicago, IL "A dream fulfilled,a center for the people,by the people" was the program passed on to us by our client. The outwardly appearance of this building is putting those words into action. A beacon for the community, the highly detailed facade graces the exterior of this 1,000 seat Performing Arts Theatre. The 40,000 square foot facility also includes a state of the art recording studio, Community training center, a proposed "Blues Walk of Fame" and Banquet Hall/Dance center. This nostalgic hybrid is a blending of old mimicking the historic Regal Theatre which once stood on the site and new with tilt up precast concrete panels and a glass curtainwall.

4/8 dwelling unit buildings Wicker Park, Bucktown Chicago, IL Breaking down the box was in our opinion necessary to make these bigger buildings flow into various neighborhood settings. Instead of cake decoration of the box we are very fortunate to be a part of a group of forward thinking individuals who are willing to allow us to shape buildings and redistribute square footage within the building to make the units more marketable. These terraced buildings flow into the neighborhoods instead of flatwalling the streetscape. Families inhabit these terraces, faces are connected to the address and the street has become humanized. Large corner windows, cantilevering terraces/rooms and strutting parapets give these structures their own personality and become the buildings architecture.

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Featured Architect

Single family homes Bucktown, Wicker Park Chicago, IL Chicago is a traditional brick/limestone town. Always the dilemma,clients want to understand not only how they are going to fit into their home but seemingly more important to the majority is how they are going to be perceived by others in their home. Unspoken words, of course, but to understand this is most important when given the task of designing single family homes. Knowing when to back down is key, but not trying at all would be a blow to the future of architecture. These single family homes push the envelope and could be considered traditional. Typically, all the spaces are finished yielding, on a typical city lot about 4,000 s.f.. They have 4/5 bedrooms, 3.5 baths with modern flowing great room,dining room, and kitchen combos. Exteriors comprised of brick/limestone and glass, the shaping of the facades mimic the personalities of their owners.

Mixed Use buildings Wicker Park, West Town Chicago,IL Bringing action to the main arteries, softening street noise and eyes to the street are recurring themes in our mixed use projects. The 48 unit, 2800 Chicago Ave. block typifies how to bring gentrification to untested areas on busy streets. Instead of a monotonous wall, balconies and angles bring the inside of the homes outward,thus energizing the façade.Yet, the opposite is done on a congested no neighborhood street. A tinted glass curtain wall brings the life inside turning its’ back to the street. Studying the site brings positive solutions to challenging locations,turning them into hot commodities. Typically, ground floor commercial space lays beneath 3 bedroom units all sharing a common roofdeck, perched above the tree line maximizing views of the city.

St. John Brebeuf Ministry Center Niles, IL Understanding that the most important building in any parish is the church, how is an 18,000 s.f. building situated right next to it not to deter away from that main focus. As important as the new building is to the parish, its placement helped to emphasize the church and tie the parish buidings together. Additionally, a strict budget was adhered to so that the parish could build this center only with monies received through the capital campaign so that future monies could be used for the goals of the ministries. A simple curved terne coated stainless roof matches the church roof and also provides a protective arcade. Stone was reused from the demolished convent and brick was chosen to match the school. Like its flock seemingly random windows of all shapes and sizes embellish the church philosophy while creating magnificent views of the church’s cross glistening in the sun.

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Featured Architect

Howard Alan discovered a love of architecture at an early age. As a teenager in Chicago, that love was nurtured by his high school architecture instructor. Later, while a student at the School of Architecture of the University of Southern California, Alan was deeply affected by his contact with John Lautner, an early apprentice at Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fellowship. His first private commission, at the age of 20, was built in Glendale, California. After his junior year at USC, Alan went to San Francisco and worked for Charles Warren Callister, well known for his churches at Mills College in Oakland and Belvedere, California. His most enlightening education came while a student at the University of Oklahoma, where Bruce Goff, an Organic Architect and Chairman of The School of Architecture, encouraged his talent and to think responsibly. For the past 30 years, Howard has been designing and constructing innovative urban buildings in Chicago. He has taught classes on vernacular Architecture and indigenous Planning at Columbia College, and has been an advocate of local urban planning in Lincoln Park. Howard is an avid furniture designer & fabricator.

Howard Alan Architects

Howard is a member of the Association of Licensed Architects and holds registration in Illinois and California. He is a past President and past Vice President of the Illinois Solar Energy Association (ISEA) and a board member for 30 years. His self built direct gain, Passive Solar heated studio, on Chicago’s Armitage Avenue, was given an award for sustainability by the Union of International Architects and the American Institute of Architects in June of 1993. Alan has given workshops on Passive Solar Building Design at the Midwest Renewable Energy Association’s annual Solar Fair in Wisconsin for seven years and at the Illinois Renewable Energy Association’s annual Fair for two seasons. Last October 24th he presented a talk on Organic Passive Solar Buildings, sponsored by Half Moon Seminars at IIT’s Rice Campus in Wheaton, IL, and has given classes about Passive Solar Architecture for the Illinois Solar Energy Association and for his own Solar Business in 2009. Currently he is re-making the 3rd floor of his residence, on Armitage Ave. into a very efficient Passive Solar Organic living place; completed construction documents for Kestrel Development Company to build a Zero-net Energy Home to be built soon in Rockford, IL, and is working on final documents to construct a 4 story, energy efficient mixed use building in Chicago. In addition, he has designed and produced furniture for his own use and is currently marketing his "Alan Table" to the public. www.howardalanarchitects.com

Warehouse/Office Building 1976 60 Shore Drive, Hinsdale, IL Description: A 43,000 sq ft Building with 4 warehousing and office units and the 2nd floor offices of the building developer’s business. Included is a complete handball court and locker room. The Atrium serves employees and visitors by providing a separation from the harsh ambience of the industrial park, and the noise from the adjacent expressway. All offices are accessed from within the atrium by walking though an open passage below the 2nd floor. External siding is core-ten vertical standing seam panels. Ceiling heights in the warehouse are 18’ to the underside of steel Joist roof structure. 50 ft. long semi trailers and tractors can loaded/ unloaded completely within the building. The louvers shading the south facing glass in the Atrium came into being later because the original HVAC system was unable to balance the heating and cooling of that space. The building was sold some years age and original tennants have been replaced. The original signage has been replaced the last time I drove by.

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Featured Architect

Addition for William & Kadi Boone 1829 North Bissell St. Chicago, IL. 60614 Penthouse 1993: A Design/Build Direct Gain Solar Addition in West Lincoln Park, Chicago, IL Constructed above a 3 story apartment building, increasing the area of the 3rd floor apartment, this addition houses Bill and Kadi’s master bedroom and bathroom, laundry facility, storage, plus their green growing space. A new large deck at the front of the addition is there for open activities. The building is carried on steel joists supporting a lightweight concrete deck and tile finish floor to collect winter solar heat. South facing windows are shaded by a louvered overhang. Utility piping and ducting is located between the existing roof and the floor of the new addition. The sloping butterfly roof drains to the roof of a previous addition, avoiding the use of gutters and downspouts.

Studio: A Design/Build Direct Gain Solar Building The Goal: To make an environment that would represent our values: an effort to respond to the ecological conditions we are living with. Built on the south end of my property, this Passive Solar Studio is designed to provide natural day lighting and winter solar heat. Solar access is through three rows of south facing clerestory windows. This 1100 sq. ft. two story building is Type 1 fire resistive construction with an exterior overcoat of urethane foam core insulation panels sheathed with a color coated metal outer skin. The 2nd story harvests the sun’s energy and stores it in the solid masonry walls, concrete floor and tubes of water. Shades over the clerestories block out summer sun heat gain. The studio was awarded a Citation by the American Institute of Architects in 1993 and the International Union of Architects for Sustainable Community Solution in the design and construction of this building.

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Featured Architect

Front Building Changes 849 Armitage Av. Chicago, IL 60614 3rd Floor Transformation Begins 2007. Design/Build Direct Gain Solar Renovation in West Lincoln Park, Chicago, IL (In Construction) This is proving to be the most efficient Passive Solar renovation project I’ve done as Architect, Builder and Owner, It all began with my 115 year old two story frame building’s leaking roof. I’d been getting up there and patching areas each rainy season. Finally I had enough. I am an Architect! A solar Architect! It was time to turn the 2nd floor of my residence into a solar harvester. The old roof and structure had to be reconfigured to face south and bring the winter sun’s heat into the entire space. Transforming space is one of joys of being an Architect. These two pictures display where the project is now. Efficiency: On January 15th 2009 @ 1:20 PM, a bright sun, blue sky day, the temperature outside was -1deg F, the temperature inside was 67 deg F. All floor register openings were completely covered; only heat rising through the floor from below was helping out. Please view my website for construction photos.

R.S. Johnson Fine Art 645 N. Michigan Ave, 2nd Floor Chicago, IL 60611 This project means a lot to me. This gallery is now 47 years old, opening on the day John Kennedy was shot in Dallas. Hard to forget that evening. My client, Samuel E. Johnson, was a joy to work with. There was mutual trust between us. One does not have many such clients. The fact that the gallery is still in operation with little change, speaks well of the design and the directors: Ursula and R. Stanley Johnson. The space in the Blair Building was raw as the whole building was close to being finished. New cement plaster walls just inside the building perimeter were configuired to work with the fan coil heating/cooling units at the base of the plate glass windows. The small amount of daylight visible in the space was a concern of my client who didn’t want any daylight. Well Sam, I said, the mechanical system will be compromised. He said ok, lets try it. After a few days his fears desolved. A bit of daylight is essential to people’s well being; there is an awarness of place. I could include this memory of the night I was in the gallery space with the welder while he was installing the ceiling track that would guide the rolling wall/door to the storage compartment shown here. While standing below his work, one of the clamps holding the steel track in place released itself and fell on his head. We went straight to Northwestern Emergency Room. He was patched up and we went back and he finished his work, glad I did include it. Opening night, November 22, 1963 was close!

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Featured Architect

Who Is Pitzen Design? Pitzen Design, Ltd. was established in 1999 for the purpose of providing exemplary designs and construction documents of custom homes as well as residential remodeling projects. It is owned and operated by Jim Pitzen, who works with a collaboration of industry professionals. A Licensed Architect and Certified Remodeler, I specialize in architectural design for residential remodeling and custom homes. My expertise includes additions, exterior and interior remodels, kitchens, bathroom suites, lower levels, basements, master suites, family rooms, and in-law suites - every space in the home. I feel my specialty is complex projects, and whole house remodels. I attended the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee School of Architecture and Urban Planning, and received my bachelor of science in architectural studies in 1989. I began my career working for large architectural firms creating presentation models, CAD working drawings, and eventually becoming a project architect. After several years of working on commercial projects, I realized commercial architecture was not my true calling. I began to pursue a career in residential remodeling by working for Design/Build Remodeling firms. As a Licensed Architect and Certified Remodeler, I am closely involved with the industry, belonging to numerous associations. • Association of Licensed Architects (ALA) • Milwaukee/NARI Home Improvement Council, Inc. • National Association of the Remodeling Industry (NARI)

• Metropolitan Builders Association (MBA) • National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) • Wisconsin Builders Association (WBA)

My wife, Sharon, and I had our first child in 1999, and I became Mr. Mom. Also born that day in May was my business, Pitzen Design. Three children, and more than a decade later, Pitzen Design (and my family) continues to flourish. They both are my passion and receive my full devotion. - Jim Pitzen, ALA, CR www.pitzendesign.com

New Residence for Tarianne and Stan This custom designed Williamsburg Colonial home was a joy to create with the homeowner. Her passion and understanding of what she wanted allowed me to create a house they are able to call home. After moving into their new home, she wrote to me "If my mother was right and 'your home is where your history begins,' then our new home is a testament to the living history of a family whose lives are blessed and well lived." The house was designed around five fireplaces, three chimneys and a central staircase. There is warmth and charm to this colonial home throughout the 4500 s.f. of wood, plaster, and brick. You can even tell by the smile of the little pigs over the hearth room fireplace that a house of brick... is a good place to live.

Photography by Jim Pitzen

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Featured Architect

Before

Interior Remodel for Steve and Kathleen Thinking of replacing their kitchen appliances and wanting more storage, things really opened up for Steve and Kathleen's residence. They decided to remove some interior walls and create an open concept to their 1977 two story traditional home. By removing interior walls, I was able to bring together the kitchen, family room, and dining room as one family living area. This created more space in the home without adding on square feet. In the process, natural light, sightlines and circulation throughout the spaces were greatly improved. Replacing an exterior window with a French door extended their living space to the outdoors as well.

After

The original rustic charm of the house was maintained with a mix of colors and materials, paint and wood. Timber beams support where walls once stood. Painted cabinetry sits atop wide plank knotty pine wood floors. Mix this with the liveliness of a family, and you have a space to enjoy. Photography by Jim Pitzen

Before

After

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Featured Architect

New Residence and Log Cabin Renovation for Bruce and Becky If walls could talk. Located on the original property of this horse farm in the rolling countryside of Holy Hill, there was a barn, a pond, and a house. Hidden within that house was an 1850's log cabin. The current owners had a vision, and a wish to bring that log cabin back to life. Before

This unique and exciting project is one of my favorites. We razed the house, and uncovered the log cabin. After rechinking and repairing the log walls, the interior of the log cabin was remodeled. By removing two bedrooms and a section of the floor, the second floor was turned into a library loft open to the hearth room below. This timeless space was connected with a new custom designed farm home. Separated by an entry foyer on the first floor and a bridge above, 1850 was just a few steps away from 2000.

After

The new home boasts a wraparound porch with endless views. A screen porch allows people and pets to relax as the sun goes down and the pond grows calm. The kitchen and family room enjoy a view of the property, the pond, and beyond. From the road you can see a log cabin that has withstood the test of time. As you drive by and think of the time gone by, you wish that walls could talk.

Photography by Jim Pitzen

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by Kelly P. Reynolds ALA Code Consultant

CODECORNER

Major Changes to the

2009 INTERNATIONAL RESIDENTIAL CODE he 2009 International Residential Code has some major changes you need to know. This Code applies only to one-and-two family dwellings and townhouses not more than three stories in height. Beyond that threshold, you apply the 2009 International Building Code.

T

FIRE SPRINKLERS -(Section R-313) This is probably the most controversial and significant change in the history of residential codes All one-and-family dwellings built after January 1, 2011 will have to have an NFPA No. 13-D (dwellings) or NFPA No. 13-R (townhouses, apartments) fire sprinkler system. All commercial residential properties are already required to be protected. This NFPA standard differs from commercial sprinkler requirements in that there are specific areas sprinklers are not required (the attic) and the water demand is far less. Approved plastic piping can be installed and the water supply can come from the domestic system. If the toilet won’t flush, the sprinkler system isn’t working! The cost is about $1.61 sq. ft. for new construction. There is no monitoring required or fire department annual inspections. Because of the negative campaign by the NAHB (home builders) many state and local governments have made this requirement optional. Check where you are building to see how that community has approached this issue. SOME FACTS: Home fire deaths can be reduced by 82% with the combination of smoke detectors and fire sprinklers and create a reduction in property losses of 50% to 66% per fire. Homes with fire sprinklers contain most fires 90% of the time. The other option - No fire sprinklers and the fire department pours 250 g.p.m. into the house as you watch your furnishings float down the street.

HIGH WINDS - (Section R301.2.1.1) - Refers to ICC Standard 600 Standard For Residential Construction in High Winds. It replaces SSTD10 Standard for Hurricane Resistant Residential Construction in high wind regions. Section R301.2.1.5.1 correlates changes to the International Building Code with the IRC to use a simplified wind load alternative to the ACSE 7 (American Society of Civil Engineers) standard. FIRE RATING REDUCTIONS - (Section R 302.2) - Here are some construction cost savings. The fire rated separation between townhouses can be reduced from two-hours to one-hour with fire sprinklers. CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTORS - (Section R-315) - Although required by many communities for years, this requirement now applies to all new homes with fuel-fired equipment or an attached garage. On average, about 170 people in the United States die every year from CO produced by non-automotive consumer products. These products include malfunctioning fuel-burning appliances such as furnaces, ranges, water heaters and room heaters; engine-powered equipment such as portable generators; fireplaces; and charcoal that is burned in homes and other enclosed areas. STORM SHELTERS - (Section 323) - A new section and standard for storm shelters based upon ICC/NSSA Standard For The Design And Construction Of Storm Shelters - ICC 500-2008. ENERGY CONSERVATION - Chapter 11 of the IRC has been changed to the IECC (energy conservation code). • Section N1103.1.1 requires programmable thermostats in new homes and buildings with forced air furnaces. • Section N1104.1 requires high-efficiency light bulbs in at least 50% of permanent lighting fixtures in new homes. • Table N 1102.1 - An increase in insulation R-values for walls, floors, and basements in cold climates to achieve heating and cooling savings. • Table N1102.1.2 - Maximum fenestration U-factors are lowered in warmer climates to reduce the amount of heat loss or gain through windows and doors to lower energy costs during cooling periods If you have any specific technical questions about the 2009 International Residential Code, just call me at 1-800-950-2633. No charge to ALA members in good standing. KELLY P. REYNOLDS is one of the foremost authorities on building codes. Since 1979 his firm has been consulting with business and industry in solving their code problems. He has offices in Phoenix, Chicago and Boston. You can contact him at: 1-800-950-2633

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Featured Architect

We are a residential architecture firm with our work consisting of about 50% new houses and 50% additions/renovations. Our mission is to create distinctive and unique architecture that responds to our clients’ goals in meaningful ways and contributes to an ongoing pursuit of design excellence. We have strove since our inception in 1979 for quality design work that incorporates broader values including historical sensitivity, neighborhood sensitivity, durability, longevity, and life affirming qualities. We believe that our entire built environment should be viewed in the context of sustainability of both the building process and our cultural potential.

Calhoun Contemporary Minneapolis, MN A context of predominantly traditional architecture acted as a filter for the Owner’s more contemporary sensibility leading to a design objective for us to integrate both traditional and contemporary design values. The main living level is set up one story from the street level, reminiscent of the Piano Nobile typical of Renaissance architecture—for similar reasons. It separates the living activities from a fairly active street level, allowing distant views of the lake and parkway while screening the nearby traffic. An asymmetrical front façade is formed by windows that wrap the corner of the Living Room and Master Bedroom allowing a sweeping vista of the Lake, northwest along the Parkway and beyond to the Minneapolis skyline.

Photographer (all projects): TEA2 Architects

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Featured Architect

European Cottage Edina, MN This European cottage gets its character from its broad, sweeping roof and from the way it nestles into the landscape. Clearstory windows reintroduce natural light deep into the home. The interior character comes from the hierarchy of the size and height of the interior spaces. The smaller spaces give intimacy to the larger spaces. The larger spaces provide openness, vistas and graciousness to the more intimate spaces. The interior warmth is enhanced by the textured and glazed plaster veneer and the hand-carved beams.

English Arts & Crafts Edina, MN Early English Arts and Crafts architectural style provides a foundation for a design driven by the Owner’s functional needs, comfort level and aesthetic preferences of quality through design and integrity of the character. True to the Arts and Crafts style, the house is infused with details, such as cabinetry, bar, bar light fixtures and even a decorative copper gutter over the front door. Similarly, because the scale of the spaces and how they relate to one another was such an important factor, TEA2 infused the home with a transparency and openness that enhances function without adding pretense.

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Featured Architect

Minneapolis Home Minneapolis, MN This home is located on a block where all the homes back into a steep hill causing garages to be in front and at street level, while the Living spaces are located on the second floor. This home creates an inviting entrance sequence up to the second floor and successfully incorporates the garage door into an attractive front facade. The house was on a very tight budget. The design, both inside and out, creates charm out of simplicity of form, space, and selective use of materials. The goal was not to spread the dollars too thinly. An aesthetic was developed to allow for simple lines and simpleness as character. This was balanced by choosing highquality materials where needed to carry the day for character, e.g., a reclaimed wood floor with a special finish, quality doors and hardware.

Mountain & Brook Home Birmingham, AL This project had two major challenges. The first was an almost unbuildable site at the bottom of a steep ravine, next to a stream, on bad soil with underground springs. The second was the different aesthetic desires expressed by each spouse, one modern and one traditional. The house was split into three pavilions: main Living, Bedroom, and Garage to better adapt to the site. The main pavilion was designed to experience all of the advantages of the site such as receiving south light and having views out all four sides--up and down the ravine, across to the rock outcroppings and to the interior terrace. The merging of open spaces, broad expanses of glass and strong connection to the outdoors is combined with traditional forms and a predominance of warm materials such as wood and stone.

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Air Leakage and Moisture Movement by Russell Snow, National Specifications Development Manager for W. R. Meadows of Canada

Learning Objectives: After taking this course, the reader will: 1. Identify moisture sources and their methods of transport through the building envelope 2. Differentiate between an air barrier and vapor retarder 3. Identify several design options available to help prevent the intrusion of moisture into a building 4. Identify how air and vapor barriers contribute to overall energy savings, indoor air quality and occupant comfort 5. Identify the importance of air barriers in a structure and how they can contribute to building sustainability

When it comes to a successful building enclosure design, certain components are essential for the long term performance and durability of the structure. The building enclosure system is comprised of a heat barrier, or insulation, a moisture barrier, a vapor barrier, and an air barrier. According to the design of the building, either a single product, or any combination of the above moisture, vapor and air barrier products is typically utilized to support the weather enclosure system. The importance of deploying these has been recognized for years, and consequently industry design professionals have incorporated these as standard elements into the weather enclosure system. Proper incorporation of these elements help control air flow, moisture movement and ultimately energy efficiency. In essence, being able to accomplish this, can contribute to a “green building” or the sustainability of a building. What is a green building? Well, that means many things to many people, but ultimately green buildings are designed to reduce the overall impact of the built environment on human health and the natural environment. This can be accomplished through the efficient use of energy, water and other natural resources, protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity and reducing waste, pollution, and environmental degradation. What is sustainability? This can be defined as maintaining a balance of a certain process. For humans, the earth’s resources must be used at a rate where they can be replenished. The Brundtland Commission put it nicely, “to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. Green building and sustainability go hand in hand. Incorporation of an air barrier within the building enclosure is essential for a building to be considered energy efficient. A complete air barrier system can contribute to overall energy efficiency of a structure. A study of findings by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) show that inclusion of an air barrier system in non-residential buildings can: reduce air leakage by up to 83%, provide potential gas savings of greater than 40% and also result in electrical savings of greater than 25%. An incomplete air barrier system allows for unconditioned air leakage into a structure (infiltration) and conditioned air leakage out of the structure (exfiltration) causing increased heating and cooling costs,

and also the uncontrolled movement of moisture through the building enclosure. What is an air barrier system? An air barrier system can be defined as a system of building assemblies designed, installed and integrated in such a manner to obstruct the uncontrolled flow of air into and out of the building enclosure. This system is comprised of air barrier materials, such as peel and stick, fluid applied, or sheet applied systems. These materials are then incorporated into air barrier assemblies, which are then incorporated into the whole building air barrier system. For an air barrier system to be effective, it is essential that it be continuous. Any hole within the air barrier system is an avenue for this air leakage. Moisture can penetrate a building enclosure in a number of different ways including large droplets in the form of rain/sleet or snow, ground water movement, water in vapor form (above and below grade) by diffusion, or by small droplets carried in the air. Each of these require different techniques for their control including such factors as the implementation of sound wall design, as well as the installation of air barriers, vapor barriers/retarders and waterproofing materials. When it comes to above grade moisture movement, there are two types. The first, vapor diffusion, is the transmission of moisture in its vapor form, independent of air pressure. This is dependent on differences in temperature and relative humidity values. Air movement through pressure differential is the second type which involves the introduction of air flow across a wall system. Air drastically increases the amount of moisture that is able to penetrate the vapor barrier, which is why the use of an air barrier is also important. Air movement accounts for upwards of 70-90% of the moisture moving through the building envelope; moisture movement by vapor diffusion accounts for only 10-30%. To better understand this contribution, refer to Figure 1.

Figure 1: Comparison of vapor diffusion versus air leakage plus vapor diffusion showing the greater contribution of moisture a a result of air leakage (Diagram Courtesy of buildingscience.com)

Control of air leakage and moisture movement can be accomplished within a building enclosure by the incorporation of a continuous air barrier system, a vapor retarder (not always), and a drainage plane. Each of these elements are essential for a wall to “work” and their placement within the wall assembly is critical since a good wall must be able to “dry”. What do we mean by this? A (Continued on page 36)

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(Contnued from page 35)

wall is going to get wet, this is inevitable. However, an effective wall assembly will exhibit the ability to store moisture, and possess a greater drying potential than wetting potential. We will never prevent all moisture from entering a wall assembly, but as long as the wall has a greater drying potential then wetting potential we have an effective wall from a moisture standpoint. In simple terms, if a building component gets wet, it must be able to dry. Air Leakage As early as the 1950s it was becoming clear that air leakage was instrumental and common in the majority of building-envelope problems and failures. Air leakage played a part in rain penetration, condensation problems, excess heat loss, drafts, etc. Air leakage dramatically affected the energy efficiency of the building, and the damaging effects of air leakage on a structure were beginning to be understood. Not only did air leakage affect the moisture in a wall assembly, it dramatically affected the energy efficiency of the building. This was the start of our understanding of the total building envelope. Air flow into and out of a building is a result of many different pressures including, wind pressure, stack pressure and fan pressure. See Figure 2.

Wind pressure, in simple terms, wind exerts a positive pressure on the side of the building it is hitting, and a negative pressure on the rest of the building walls, and roof. This results in unconditioned exterior air being “blown” into the building, and conditioned interior air being “sucked” out of the building. In a cold climate in the winter, cold air is being forced into the building through an incomplete air barrier system, and warm air is being sucked out. Stack pressure is caused by a difference at the top and bottom of a building due to the difference in temperature, causing a difference in the weight of the air. In cold climates, stack effect can cause infiltration of air at the bottom of the building and exfiltration at the top. In warm climates with air conditioning, this is reversed. Fan pressure is that pressure exerted on the building as a result of the pressurization of the HVAC system. The air barrier needs to be designed and installed in such a manner to be able to withstand these forces, both from a positive and negative side.

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The essential performance characteristics of an air barrier are air tightness, continuity, durability and it must also possess structural integrity. To understand the importance of continuity, consider a balloon with a pinhole; a small rupture in the wall of the balloon results in a complete product failure. This simple principle also holds true with respect to an air barrier system. Although not as drastic as the balloon example, we have seen how much moisture air movement through a small hole can transport. This can lead to eventual system collapse, such as corrosion of metal components, breakdown of brick ties, as well having other drastic effects. Key factors affecting the efficacy of the air barrier system are the design, the materials, workmanship, and quality assurance. Although good design and quality materials are essential, poor installation and sub-standard workmanship, along with a lack of jobsite inspections, can completely destroy the efficacy of the system. When it comes to material selection there are several performance characteristics to be considered, however, air permeability can define the effectiveness of the air barrier. One of the leading proponents of air barriers in the US, the Air Barrier Association of America (ABAA) have a requirement for materials to have an air permeability not to exceed 0.004 cubic feet per minute per square foot under a pressure differential of 0.3 in. water (1.57 psf) (0.02 L/s.m2 @ 75 Pa.) when tested in accordance with ASTM E 2178-01. In addition to this the material shall be capable of withstanding positive and negative pressures on the building envelope, and shall transfer the load to the structure. The material shall also be continuous with all joints, laps, and seams. Along with the above referenced standard for the test method of the air permeance of materials, ASTM has developed an additional standard ASTM E2357, which is a test method for the air permeance of an air barrier assembly. Again, ABAA have air leakage requirements for these assemblies which is not to exceed 0.04 cfm/ft2 @ 1.57 psf (0.2L/(s•m2) @ 75Pa). This test method is more representative as it is intended to simulate the air permeance of the material, the air permeance of the components, and the air leakage that results from joining all the pieces together, This assembly incorporates joint details, penetrations and window details. FIGURE 3 shows the wall assembly that is tested.

Figure 3: The two mock-up walls including all details used for the ASTM E2357 air permeance testing (ASTM E2357 standard)

Vapor Barrier / Retarder The purpose of a vapor barrier within a building enclosure is to


retard the diffusion of water vapor through the building enclosure. When we look at a vapor barrier’s integration into this building enclosure, we first have to understand the nature of vapor movement. Water vapor movement occurs due to a differential in vapor pressure between two environments as a result of differences in temperature and relative humidity conditions. The greater the difference in pressure, the greater the amount of vapor diffusion. Incorporation of a vapor barrier within a wall system, along with insulation (heat barrier) can impact the formation of the dew point within the wall system. The dew point can be defined as the temperature at which air that contains a certain amount of vapor can no longer hold that vapor and must exhaust itself of excess vapor by depositing it on adjacent surfaces in the form of condensation. The occurrence of this within a building enclosure is critical, and this needs to be controlled. Condensation in the wrong place within a wall can have catastrophic effects. Calculations of dew points are being used quite regularly to determine if there could be an issue with moisture within a wall, however, they don’t necessarily take into account other contributing moisture factors, such as air leakage and precipitation. There are other tools available to simulate conditions within the building enclosure, such as WUFI, a hygrothermal (i.e. heat and moisture) modelling software program that provides analysis of building envelope constructions. Through the input of data, the program can provide customized solutions to moisture engineering and damage assessment problems for various building envelope systems. Drainage Plane The third component addressing moisture movement within the building enclosure is the incorporation of a drainage plane, or moisture barrier. This barrier is designed to prevent the penetration of liquid water to the interior from exterior sources allowing the water to drain from the wall to the outside. This liquid water could be a result of rain penetration, or a result of condensation within the wall as discussed previously. Material Selection When it comes to selection of materials to control both air flow and moisture movement, there are two main types of air barriers, those that are considered to be a vapor retarder as well as an air barrier, typically referred to as air/vapor barriers, and the second are vapor permeable air barriers. An air vapor barrier is designed to perform all three functions; air barrier, vapor barrier and drainage plane, whereas a vapor permeable air barrier performs the air barrier and moisture barrier functions, but is designed to be used with a separate vapor barrier. Selection of these materials are dependent upon a number of factors including the intended and potential use of the building, the location of the building and the climate zone, the interior conditions of the building, what type of construction will be specified, and what building enclosure system will be used. One other important criterion to consider is the placement of the vapor barrier within the building enclosure if used. It is important that the vapor barrier be on the

warm side of the insulation within the wall. Improper placement of this component can result in the vapor barrier being a cold surface resulting in condensation of water vapor on this surface. In addition, care must be taken in selecting other wall components to ensure that a double vapor barrier is not specified. Although in a perfect world, this will not be a problem, in reality, there is always moisture getting into the enclosure...the wall will get wet. A double vapor barrier can affect the drying potential of the wall, potentially resulting in a moisture problem.

The building profile shown in FIGURE 4 portrays how exterior walls were built 30 years ago. The insulation and dampproofing provide a decent moisture barrier. The CMU (concrete block) has a high moisture storage capacity, allowing it to encourage migration of vapor away from the interior. The problem, however, is that the wall wasn’t designed with an effective air barrier. CMU is a porous substrate that allows flow of air.

Today we can take that design, add a true air barrier combined with a vapor barrier and moisture barrier, and we have the perfect wall (Figure 5). The only drawback may be that this wall comes at too high a cost for some types of construction and so the wall in Figure 6 would be an alternate more cost effective wall.

Figure 6: A more cost effective wall (Continued on page 38)

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(Contnued from page 37)

Now let’s look at vapor-permeable air barriers. These membranes are effective air barriers and moisture barriers, while the high vapor permeance allows vapor to pass through. Figure 7 depicts a typical example of a wall incorporating a vapor-permeable air barrier. Note that if insulation is used in between the steel studs, it would be recommended that a secondary layer should be placed in the cavity on top of the air barrier to stop the thermal transfer across the steel studs and help maintain the effective R-value of the wall. The choice of the insulation in the cavity is critical as in this case it must be permeable. Selection of the interior vapor barrier may or may not be necessary as discussed earlier.

Types of air barriers There are a number of materials that can be used as air barriers, however, the criteria listed above should be considered in their selection. The materials mentioned in this section are a representation of the common materials that are used today. Elastomeric bitumens and synthetic rubber-based mastic barriers were among the first materials used after air barriers became a commonplace building feature. This type of material is rarely used today due to the high labour cost for installation. In some climates, torch-applied roof membranes were adapted to create an air/vapor barrier. These systems are very difficult to install correctly; when installed incorrectly, adhesion can be a problem resulting in the loads on the structure from wind causing premature envelope failure. These membranes are also dangerous for the worker, and can present a hazard for the structure as an open flame is used in application. This type of membrane is seldom used today. Spray-in-place polyurethane foam can act as an “all-in-one” material; insulation, air barrier, vapor barrier and drainage plane. However, their rigidity and sometimes adhesion to substrates can potentially create some issues. It would be advisable to first apply a moisture barrier, flexible in nature to the substrate. Polyolefin membranes are commonplace in residential construction, but can cause issues due to the fact they are not fully supported on both sides and in some wall assemblies are unable to withstand the negative wind loads, and can causing tearing at the fasteners, or rupture of the membrane under the wind load. Consideration should be made with regards to the strengths of the membrane, along with the selection of the

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fasteners. Self-adhering (peel-and-stick) membranes are based on SBSmodified asphalt laminated to high-density cross-laminated polyethylene. A key benefit of this type of material is controlled thickness, but detailing at all the ties presents an issue. In addition, it is important to note that not all peel-and-stick products are equivalent in terms of performance. In addition, the adhesives often are subject to specific installation temperature ranges and other weather-related considerations, and if these are disregarded the application may fail. It is important to consult the manufacturer for specific installation recommendations. Liquid-applied air barrier membranes currently experiencing widespread use include rubberized asphalt emulsions and other waterborne formulas based on acrylic resins. The waterborne Asphalt emulsion products offer the advantages of relatively modest applied cost, seamlessness of the membrane, and the safety, convenience, and environmental benefits of waterborne chemistry. If early rainfall resistance is important, singlecomponent rubberized asphalt membranes provide superior performance in comparison to other formulations. Proper application of the air barrier is paramount to the success of the building-envelope system. The manufacturer should be consulted for any special installation recommendations to ensure that the product specified and the building to which it is applied will perform to their maximum potentials. Considerations for materials within a building enclosure are a difficult decision and many factors need to be considered prior to incorporating these into the structure. When it comes to selection of an air barrier, this would be a necessity to help control air leakage and moisture movement, ultimately contributing to overall energy efficiency. The type of air barrier to be used is a little more difficult decision, as the performance characteristics of these materials can be dependent on the other components within the wall. Consulting with material manufacturers or other resources such as the Air Barrier Association of America, can aid in the selection and design of a building enclosure that will provide long term performance.

Russell Snow is the National Specifications Development Manager for W. R. Meadows of Canada. His responsibilities include the development of specifications at the architectural/ engineering level and providing technical support. He also writes specifications and develops presentations for continuing education programs through AEC, ACI, and other organizations. Russell graduated from the University of Waterloo and has been in the construction industry for over 17 years. Russell is a LEED Accredited Professional and is currently enrolled in the Building Science Program at the University of Toronto


ALA Continuing Education Questionnaire -

Air Leakage and Moisture Movement Learning Objectives: After taking this course, the reader will: 1. Identify moisture sources and their methods of transport through the building envelope 2. Differentiate between an air barrier and vapor retarder 3. Identify several design options available to help prevent the intrusion of moisture into a building Program Title:

Air Leakage and Moisture Movement ALA/CEP Credit: This article qualifies for 1.0 HSW LU of State Required Learning Units and may qualify for other LU requirements. (Valid through June 2012.) Instructions: • Read the article using the learning objectives provided. • Answer the questions. • Fill in your contact information. • Check whether logging of ALA/CEP credit (ALA members with logging privileges only) or certificate of completion is desired. • Sign the certification. • Submit questions with answers, contact information and payment to ALA by mail or fax to receive credit. • Article and tests are also available online: www.licensedarchitect.org QUIZ QUESTIONS 1. A building can be energy efficient without a complete air barrier system ? a. true b. false

4. Identify how air and vapor barriers contribute to overall energy savings, indoor air quality and occupant comfort 5. Identify the importance of air barriers in a structure and how they can contribute to building sustainability

2. Which of the following components is a part of the building enclosure system ? a. air barrier b. vapor barrier c. moisture barrier d. heat barrier e. all of the above 3. Which of the following contributes more moisture movement through the building envelope ? a. air leakage b. vapor diffusion 4. An air barrier system is comprised of building assemblies that are designed, installed and integrated in such a manner as to obstruct air flow into and out of the building enclosure a. true b. false 5. Where should a vapor barrier be positioned within a wall system ? a. anywhere b. warm side of the insulation c. cold side of the insulation d. on the outside of the wall

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6. Where should an air barrier be positioned within a wall system ? a. anywhere b. warm side of the insulation c. cold side of the insulation d. on the outside of the wall 7. What is the most important characteristic of an air barrier system ? a. structural integrity b. air tightness c. continuity d. durability 8. What of the following is not a function of a vapor permeable air barrier ? a. moisture barrier b. air barrier c. vapor barrier d. none of the above 9. A vapor barrier is always required within a wall system. a. true b. false 10. Stack pressure exerts a positive pressure on one side of a building and a negative pressure on the other side of the building. a. true b. false

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Date: LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

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CONTRIBUTEDARTICLE

Firestop Systems – Through the Building Life Cycle Design, Contractor Qualification, Inspection and Ongoing Management - a Standardized Process That Can Be Specified. By Bill McHugh, Executive Director of the Firestop Contractors International Association

Now there are real standards for firestop installation and inspection quality that are catching on in other compartmentation disciplines. DIIM – Design, Install, Inspect and Manage Firestopping The firestopping industry has been evolving quickly since its inception in the building industry in the late 1970’s, early 1980’s. By looking inside our industry’s complete process from product characteristics through execution and inspection, commissioning, and into the work result, we found a need to create standards not just for testing, but for everything. We saw the need for every step of the way, including installation, inspection and management. Using this wholistic view of firestopping and effective compartmentation brought new ideas to the construction industry, through firestopping. This article focuses on these new programs, and where they might be specified for the benefit of the building owner and manager. Design - Tested Systems Explosion From a small 5" x 7", 200 page book with firestop designs suitable for protecting a limited number of situations, to a 8" x 11" 3-volume phone book, systems are available now to firestop many building types with all tested and listed systems straight from the published directories. There are literally 8800+ classified firestop systems, with up to 30 variations of each one, meaning a wide array to cover a multitude of construction conditions. That means specifiers can feel confident there are systems for almost all configurations in buildings. And where none exists, by any manufacturer, then we consider asking for an Engineering Judgment. These systems and engineering judgments, plus product data sheets, must be what is seen in submittal packets from contractors on projects, usually specified in 07-84-00, Submittals. FCIA has a sample specification for use at http://www.fcia.org , click on specification. Engineering Judgments FCIA’s Firestop Manual of Practice, 2009 edition, states that classified systems provide test proven protection, and should be used first even if it means a change in manufacturer for that situation on a project. Since most specifications call for ‘single manufacturer to the greatest extent possible’, it allows for more than one manufacturer’s products to be used on a project … within reason … as is discussed with building owners and managers of the facility. Additionally, there are jurisdictions that may not allow engineering judgments without an engineer’s stamp.

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Install – Contractor Quality ‘Management Systems’ Programs take off The next discussion falls into the category of ‘Quality Assurance’. Usually, quality assurance means the manufacturers’ products. In this case, to provide a proactive construction process installation protocol program, FCIA worked with FM Approvals to create a standard for the management system process in the construction subcontracting industry...FM 4991 - Standard for the Approval of Firestop Contractors…as well as Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. for the UL Qualified Firestop Contractor Program. FM 4991. FM 4991, listed in specifications through reference in master specifications such as MasterSpec and SpecLink, is a management system process subjected to an audit program by FM Approvals. To attain approval, the contractor firm must first have a "DRI", Designated Responsible Individual, that manages the firestopping installation process. The DRI passes an industry firestop test based on the FCIA Firestop Manual of Practice (MOP), classified systems selection (UL and other directories) and the FM 4991 Standard. The DRI manages the firestop contracting firm’s processes, policies and procedures to result in installed firestop systems that meet the tested and listed system published in the testing directories or engineering judgment / equivalent fire resistance rated assemblies. During the FM 4991 Approval contractor audit, FM auditors visit the firm, audit the firm’s management system based on procedures in the company management system manual and project files. Then, the auditor visually checks the installed firestop systems in the field to verify the office paperwork's validity. This is not an inspection, but an observation by FM’s personnel. Follow up audits are done yearly by FM, with the same jobsite audit by FM personnel. UL Firestop Contractor Qualification Program UL announced the new Firestop Contractor Qualification Program at the FCIA Firestop Industry Conference, November 2005. In 2006, UL held DRI testing with its own examination administered by UL Personnel. Testing currently takes place at FCIA Conferences and at UL Locations several times yearly. The UL program also has an audit of the contractor’s Quality Management System. The new UL


Program affirms that the sub-contractor quality process is gathering momentum. Both the FM 4991 and UL Programs offer audit inspections of the firestop contractors’ quality processes, with field verification during an office and field audit. With these two programs, Specialty Firestop Contractors now have a way to separate themselves from others who have not embraced the quality process. And, it gives the architect a generic way to specify a characteristic that may result in contractors being hired who have an independent, audit tested management system for firestopping…and understand the industry protocol for getting this technical service done right.

Contractor Management System (Quality) Manuals For a contractor firm to write a quality manual, it must review its processes, procedures and people. The firm’s organization processes are reviewed from the time the estimate takes place to project award, communication to the field, then installation and inspection of the work. "Contractor Quality Manuals are written to reflect the firm’s procedures. Firestopping is critical in Fire and Smoke Barriers These are the Specialty Firestop Contractor firm’s competitive tools used to operate their companies", states FCIA’s Gleeson. How the firm selects classified firestop systems, communicates them to the jobsite, then assures that firestopping is installed to the classified firestop systems and engineering judgments, is their private competitive information. Cost is under $3500/year for a contractor after the initial $7000+ investment. Inspection - ASTM E 2174-01 is born…ASTM E2393 Evolves for "Field Quality Control" The ASTM E 2174 "Standard for On-Site Inspection of Installed Fire Stops" inspection program was founded from the "Quality Process Approach". It's designed to be part of the protocol needed for zero tolerance Firestop Systems Installation including proper design, installation and inspection. Firestop Manufacturers test their products, manufactured to strict tolerances, and publish systems suitable for use as Firestops in the Underwriters Laboratories, (UL & UL Canada), Omega Point Laboratories, (OPL), Warnock Hersey International, (WHI) and Factory Mutual Approvals (FM) Directories in North America. Firestop Contractors select and install systems with some inspection to verify their own work quality. Inspection Agencies who specialize in firestopping have emerged to provide third party verification of installed systems. It’s important to specify these together, with both the standards

for quality installation … FM 4991 and UL Qualification … and the ASTM Firestop Inspection Standards. ASTM E217404 Standard Practice for On-Site Inspection of Installed Fire Stops covers penetrations while ASTM E2393-04, Standard Practice for On-Site Inspection of Installed Fire Resistive Joint Systems and Perimeter Fire Barriers covers the standard for inspection of joint systems for walltops, expansion and construction joints, plus perimeter fire protection are the standards for inspection. These standards provide that either visual observation take place 10% of the time, or destructive evaluation be performed, 2% of the time. Effective quality programs have a procedure for the production process, and in Firestopping it’s the use of FM 4991 Approved and / or UL Qualified Firestop Contractors. Contractor sampling by their own crews to an amount that verifies the management system is working exists at contractor firms to be sure the process works. ASTM E2174 / E2393 provide the independent 3rd party check and balance that samples the production process for Firestop installation consistency, to a very specified manner. FCIA Firestop Consultant Member, Patrick Tesche, Telgian Corp., reports that he’s seen a huge increase in demand for services as a 3rd party independent inspector of firestop systems. "Even though it has not been code required, it’s specified, and building owners, general contractors and design build firms want it so there’s no surprises during the building commissioning process". "And, it’s important enough, that International Accreditation Services has launched an Accreditation Criteria for Firestop Inspection Agencies, IAS AC 291, which is like the FM 4991 and UL Contractor Programs", states FCIA’s Gleeson. EDITORS NOTE: The 2012 International Building Code will include these two standards in Chapter 17, Special Inspections. The specification of these standards best fits in ‘Field Quality Control’ areas. Why Specify Both? Quality is the whole process ASTM E2174 and ASTM E2393 can be used without the use of a Specialty Firestop Contractor or an FM 4991 Approved UL Qualified Firestop Contractor on projects that use the "He or she who pokes hole, fills it" method of buying this trade. "The inspection may cost much more when used with the multiple trade method, as it's difficult to manage anywhere from 2 - 40 subcontractor firms that touch Effective Compartmentation with their penetrating pipes, ducts, cables, etc.", states FCIA member Rob Hlady, Affinity Firestop Consulting, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. "Inspection costs rise dramatically due to multiple trades involved and submittal package variances to field applications". If a specialty firestop contractor is used, the cost of inspection decreases significantly. Management of Firestopping – The Building Life Cycle Once installed, firestop systems may need minor (Continued on page 42)

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CONTRIBUTEDARTICLE (Continued from page 41)

management over the life cycle of the building if trades are controlled as they approach fire resistance rated construction. As building services change, there are new penetrations through fire resistance rated compartmentation that need to be repaired to keep integrity of the compartment intact. As to the Management of these barriers, the International Fire Code makes it clear that all types of fire protection and resistance need to be managed. Section 703.1 clearly states that building owners shall maintain and visually inspect fireresistance-rated construction annually, and repairs shall be made to The Fire Rating of this wall is now zero. keep systems working in buildings. It is there to provide occupants with fire and life safety intended by fire and smoke protection features in buildings. "That’s why the International Fire Code, Section 703.1 was added by the National Association of State Fire Marshals," states FCIA’s 2010 President Randy Bosscawen. 703.1 Maintenance. The required fire-resistance rating of fire-resistance-rated construction (including walls, firestops, shaft enclosures, partitions, smoke barriers, floors, fire-resistive coatings and sprayed fire-resistant materials applied to structural members and fire-resistant joint systems) shall be maintained. Such elements shall be visually inspected by the owner annually and properly repaired, restored or replaced when damaged, altered, breached or penetrated. Where concealed, such elements shall not be required to be visually inspected by the owner unless the concealed space is accessible by the removal or movement of a panel, access door, ceiling tile or similar movable entry to the space. Openings made therein for the passage of pipes, electrical conduit, wires, ducts, air transfer openings and holes made for any reason shall be protected with approved methods capable of resisting the passage of smoke and fire. Openings through fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be protected by self- or automatic-closing doors of approved construction meeting the fire protection requirements for the assembly.

Best of the Best Architects, specifiers, engineers, building code officials, fire marshals, have agreed, and shown support by specifying tested and listed firestop systems made by quality manufacturers, installed by a Specialty Firestop Contractor (FCIA Member or course), and or FM 4991 Approved or UL Qualified Firestop Contractor, inspected to ASTM E2174 and ASTM E2393, to make the firestop total quality management process complete. Firestopping is a trade – The workforce Firestopping is a very technical activity for the workforce, and the office. "A successful journeyworker needs to understand ‘why’ systems are installed to zero tolerance protocol, and not just material slinging with a caulk gun", states FCIA Apprenticeship Chair, Bob Hasting, Specialty Firestop Specialty Firestop Contractors are a trade.

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Systems, Inc. "When workers understand their role in fire and life safety through following the classified firestop system to every detail, they get it…and are worthy Firestop / Containment Workers". Currently a State Apprenticeship Council exists in the State of Washington, with other states looking to get a formal apprenticeship program up and running…and the US Department of Labor is looking at declaring the trade as well. "A 2 hour training course doesn’t create an effective Firestop / Containment Worker. The workforce needs to understand the fire resistance rated assemblies, penetrating items, joints, gaps, and interaction The ICC Code Develoment Hearings are open to all. between them to be productive and accurate at the same time" continues Hasting. "There’s a lot to firestopping and effective compartmentation." Trends in our industry will continue to be toward education of those who design, install, inspect and maintain our trade through several methods for better fire and life safety in buildings. When specifying firestopping, specify that test methods ASTM E 814 and/or UL 1479, systems be submitted for membrane and through penetrations. ASTM E 1966, ASTME E 2307 and UL 2079 standards should be used for joints. And, Firestopping can be labeled as an option. consider specifying the FM and or UL Contractor Programs in ‘contractor qualifications’, and the ASTM E 2174 and ASTM E 2393 Inspection Standards and IAS AC 291 Accredited Inspection Agencies…both in Execution. And, we recommend a single spec for both penetrations and joint systems. For a sample 07-84-00 spec, check out FCIA’s website.

Bill McHugh is Executive Director of the Firestop Contractors International Association and can be reached at bill@fcia.org.


LEGALISSUES (continued from page 8)

corporation decline to purchase any or all of the offered shares, the shareholders will want to have the option of purchasing all of the shares offered for sale not purchased by the corporation. One option is to give each shareholder the right to purchase such portion of the shares offered for sale as the number of shares owned by him at such time bear to the total number of shares owned by all the other shareholders. Only if the corporation and shareholders fail to purchase all of the offered shares, can the departing shareholder sell the remaining shares to someone outside the firm. TERMINATION OF BUY-SELL AGREEMENT: The Buy-Sell Agreement should specify that it terminates upon the occurrence of any bankruptcy, receivership, or dissolution of the corporation. DISABILITY, ILLNESS OR INCAPACITY OF SHAREHOLDER - PURCHASE OF SHARES OF INCAPACITATED SHAREHOLDER: In the event any shareholder is unable to work for the corporation on a full time basis because of disability, illness or incapacity or other event beyond the shareholder’s reasonable control, provisions under this paragraph should define how long the incapacitated shareholder will continue to receive his full salary, when that full salary will be reduced to a partial salary, when the partial salary will discontinue, and finally, if the shareholder is unable to come back to employment within a specified period of time, the corporation may elect to purchase the shares of such incapacitated employee on the same terms as in the case of death of such shareholder. INDEMNIFICATION: A provision providing for indemnification of shareholders for work they do on behalf of the firm is appropriate. TERMINATION OF SHAREHOLDER: Should employment of the shareholder with the corporation terminate, this provision will spell out how the shares will be transferred to the firm. COVENANT NOT TO COMPETE: If the Buy-Sell Agreement is to contain a covenant not to compete, the covenant should apply to all shareholders of the corporation. The covenant should specify reasonable restrictions and not be overly broad. Courts frown on covenants not to compete, especially if the language of the covenant is likely to restrict the terminated or

terminating shareholder’s ability to earn a living by practicing his profession. Covenants that restrict a shareholder from competing within a reasonable distance from the corporation’s location for a reasonable time period, will if challenged, usually be upheld by the courts. Overly broad restrictions containing excessive geographical areas and/or excessive time restrictions may be held to be unreasonable and therefore unenforceable. A covenant not to compete will usually restrict the terminating or terminated shareholder from contacting any of the corporation’s existing clients, soliciting any of the employees of the corporation to work with the shareholder in a competing business, and prevent the shareholder from using any of the corporation’s client lists or trade secrets. CONFIDENTIALITY AGREEMENT: The Buy-Sell Agreement should contain a provision restricting all shareholders in the corporation from disclosing the terms of the BuySell Agreement or any trade secrets of the corporation. NON-DISPARAGEMENT: The Buy-Sell Agreement should contain a provision restricting all shareholders in the corporation from disparaging the corporation or any other party or signatory to the Buy-Sell Agreement. Provisions of this paragraph should state what the remedies are for any violation of the disparagement provisions, such as injunctive relief, sanctions, penalties, and contempt proceedings as are provided by governing law. As is painfully obvious from all of the above, the Buy-Sell Agreement is complex and difficult to competently prepare. I strongly suggest that this particular document be prepared by your attorney. Corporations that operate without the benefit of a properly prepared Buy-Sell Agreement face potential future difficulties, which may ultimately result in litigation whenever any shareholder leaving the employ of the corporation: refuses to sell his shares in the corporation; starts a competing business; uses the corporation’s client lists or trade secrets for his own benefit; becomes incapacitated for months on end, with no recovery in sight, while still continuing to receive his full salary; sells his shares in the corporation to another party without approval of the corporation; or when the shareholder dies and the shareholder’s estate decides to maintain ownership of the shares of the corporation and become active in directing how the corporation is to operate. All of the foregoing nightmares could have been avoided if a properly prepared Buy-Sell Agreement had been prepared addressing the above events.

James K. Zahn, FALA, FAIA, Esq. SABO & ZAHN Attorneys at Law 401 North Michigan Avenue Suite 2050 Chicago, Illinois 60611 (312) 655-8620 Fax: (312) 655-8622 Website: www.sabozahn.com Email: jzahn@sabozahn.com Blog: www.constructionattorneyblog.com

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EDUCATIONINARCHITECTURE Project Name Prescott Passive House Project Location: 32 South 16th Street, Kansas City, Kansas 66102, USA Completion Date May 2010 Designer Studio 804 Photographer Courtesy of Studio 804 Client Speculative Housing Building Area 1700 sf he Prescott Passive House by Studio 804 is the product of eight months of research, experimentation, design, and construction by the architecture studio’s sixteen graduate students at the University of Kansas. Located in Kansas City, Kansas, the single-family home is designed to both LEED Platinum and Passive House standards. With goals ranging from material and energy efficiency to affordability and longevity, the Prescott Passive House provides a modern answer to the oftenunanswered question, “How can I live lightly?”

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Passive House The Prescott Passive house acts as a prototype for the region, as it aims at being the first certified Passive House in the state of Kansas, and one of only a handful in the country. To obtain its goal of a 90% reduction in heating and cooling energy demand, the house uses low cost passive strategies such as louvers, thermal mass, high performance windows, super insulation, southern orientation, and an air tight building envelope. An energy recovery ventilator works in conjunction with these strategies to temper fresh intake air with energy from the exhaust air, providing constant fresh air year round.

Program This 1,700 square foot, three bedroom, two bath residence bestows many amenities within a small ecological footprint. Despite its modest size, the open floor plan creates a surprisingly spacious interior. A double height living room connects the main floor with the upper level, where the master bedroom is located. The stacked master bathroom and main floor bathroom are flooded with natural light through an internal two-story frosted glass wall across from the expansive southern glazing. Overlooking the living room and southern array of windows is the flexible loft space. On the main level, the living room is connected to the kitchen and dining spaces with an exposed concrete thermal mass floor, while a change in overhead height articulates the different spaces. These living areas are located just off of the 400 sf deck, which lends uninhibited views of the Prescott neighborhood and the Kansas City skyline while doubly functioning as the carport roof. At the west end of the main level are two additional bedrooms with views to the surrounding double width lot. While remote controlled skylights create the only break in the northern envelope of the house, operable glazing sketches the entire length of the southern side to encourage natural ventilation. This impressive façade is protected by louvers optimally angled to allow winter heat gain yet block sunlight from penetrating the house in the summer. Downstairs, a full walkout basement provides ample storage as well as a finished flex room located directly off of the carport.

Leed Under the guidance of the LEED Platinum criteria, measures were taken to ensure the sustainability of the Prescott Passive House in ways beyond merely energy efficiency. Site location and treatment, material content, construction waste management, and water efficiency were all carefully examined.

Project Development To arrive at the final design, students set off in many directions, painstakingly researching specific attributes of sustainable design, environmentally friendly materials and aesthetic precedents. Modular construction was evaluated indepth, as were European examples of technology and design, and vernacular construction. Details and design elements were discussed daily and developed in a cooperative manner. Full scale mock-ups also played a critical role in the process systems like the louvers and wall assembly were extensively planned in this way.

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Constraints Beginning with site selection, students deal with all the aspects of the project. Financial goals and budgets influenced site selection and the design of the home. Because of the limited budget of a not-for-profit operation, the studio sought material donations as well as innovative uses for inexpensive and readily available building materials. Modern design is sometimes unwelcome in established neighborhoods. To assure the home was a welcome addition to the area students attended neighborhood meetings and analyzed the surrounding homes to develop a design that was both cutting-edge and responsive to existing conditions. Community Being the first new construction in the Kansas City, Kansas neighborhood in decades, the Prescott Passive House breathes new life into an established neighborhood. With its sustainable strategies and clean design, the home has further served as an educational tool to the community throughout the construction process. Sustainable Components PASSIVE STRATEGIES Southern Exposure Two contiguous sites were acquired to ensure an uninhibited broad southern exposure Operable Windows The expansive glazing has the ability to both act as casement and hopper windows as they both turn and tilt, allowing maximum flexibility in air flow rate Cross Ventilation Venting skylights work in conjunction with the operable windows to create an optimized fresh air flow through the house when desired Louvers Operable louvers allow users to optimally shade the southern glazing or allow sunlight to fill the home Concrete Thermal Mass Thermal lag in the concrete floor helps heat the house during winter nights and during summer nights cool the house, when combined with natural nighttime ventilation


Continuous Air Tight Layer Penetrations in the envelope were specifically minimized during design and those necessary were carefully treated with a combination of tape, caulking, and foam. All joints in the plywood sheathing were carefully taped on the exterior and caulked on the interior. Exterior doors and operable windows were chosen with three gasket layers to ensure a tight seal. During installation, special measures were taken when air-sealing around windows and doors, including foaming between the window frame and wall opening and using a felt tape and caulk to connect both the interior and exterior of the window frame to the wall opening. Daylighting White walls and ceilings evenly distribute daylight throughout the home, eliminating the need for electric lighting during daylight hours Clothes Lines Three clothes lines provide space for the drying of clothing at no energy cost Rainscreen Cladding The Douglas Fir cladding is held off the face of the house in a rainscreen application, allowing the wood to dry out and protecting the house from moisture. ELECTRICAL STRATEGIES Energy Recovery Ventilation System A constant air temperature is maintained as all energy from exhaust air is transferred to the fresh incoming air and distributed throughout the house Efficient Hot Water Distribution System Insulated hot water pipes were carefully designed in very short, condensed runs, minimizing energy loss High Efficiency Appliances All appliances carry the Energy Star rating, the accepted standard for low energy and water usage LED Lighting The use of long lasting and efficient LED lighting throughout the entire house drastically reduces the lighting maintenance and energy demand MATERIALS Super-Insulation Over four tons of dense pack cellulose, made from locally recycled newspaper, fills the 12” wall cavities and 16” roof cavity, while a 3” layer of extruded polystyrene wraps the exterior of the walls and a 4.5” layer of polyisocyanurate tops the roof, creating a thermal bridge free wall section with an R-value of over 50 and a roof with an Rvalue of nearly 80. A strip of extruded polystyrene was also added in front of the exterior portion of the window frames, typically the weakest point of the window assembly in terms of heat loss. High Performance Glazing Triple pane Argon filled windows imported from Austria allow copious glazing with an R-value of 9.5 High-Efficiency Fixtures Low flow toilets, showers, and bathroom faucets reduce water consumption Richlite This FSC Certified composite material comprises the kitchen countertops and all window sills throughout the home

Douglas Fir Cladding The FSC Certified Douglas Fir rainscreen cladding was treated with an ancient Japanese technique called Shou-Sugi-Ban in which the wood is charred to a black finish that resists rot, insects, and fire. Engineered Lumber Composing the framing, engineered lumber is made with little waste and provides great structural strength and stability with limited material SITE Trees Existing as well as added trees shade the home from harsh Western sunlight Rain Garden Native plants collect and are fed by excess site water before it becomes runoff Rainwater Harvesting System A 1200 gallon underground water cistern collects rain water from the roof and eliminates runoff. The water is made usable through a hand pump located on top of the cistern. Draught Tolerant Landscaping Native grasses were planted which require minimal irrigation Water Pervious Surfaces A bed of loosely packed aggregate in the form of pervious concrete make a driveway and sidewalk which allow all rainwater to percolate directly through and into the earth below without becoming runoff

About Studio 804 Studio 804, a not-for-profit, design/build program at the University of Kansas, is a student led process that creates affordable architecture while thoughtfully responding to global problems of density and sustainability using smaller scale, local solutions. Prior to the Prescott Passive House project, and over the course of its fourteen year history under the direction of Dan Rockhill, JL Constant Distinguished Professor of Architecture, Studio 804 has succeeded as the impetus of change in older neighborhoods throughout Kansas City and Lawrence, Kansas. Prescott Passive House will be their third LEED Platinum building in Kansas. For more information: www.studio804.com Participants/Project Credits Dan Rockhill, JL Constant Distinguished Professor of Architecture

Students: Elizabeth Beckerle Joshua Brown CJ Armstrong, LEED AP William Doran Colleen Driver, LEED AP Laura Foster, LEED AP Joel Garcia Tyler Harrelson

Lauren Hickman, LEED AP Aaron Jensen Matthew Johnson Daniel Lipscomb Daniel Matchett Jennifer Mayfield Katherine Morell Tye Zehner

Consultants: Green Rater - Hathmore Technologies Engineering - Norton & Schmidt Consulting Engineers

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ALANEWS ALA Welcomes New Members - Summer 2010 Professional Members Gary Anderson, ALA Naseer Ansari, ALA Gail Cabala-Lowry, ALA Francesco D'Anna, ALA George DeWitt, Jr., ALA Richard Ditter, ALA Andrew Dogan, ALA John Frase, ALA Christopher Free, ALA Eric Glinsboeckel, ALA Eric Hampshire, ALA Monika Hemm, ALA Gregory Livelsberger, ALA Ian McDonnell, ALA William Morris, ALA John Myefski, ALA John Pichette, ALA James Pitzen, ALA David Remely, ALA Erick Roldan, ALA Kenneth Scheer, ALA Richard Schramm, ALA

Mason City, IA Itasca, IL Downers Grove, IL Rochester Hills, MI Grand Rapids, MI Ft. Meyers, FL Aurora, IL Lake Zurich, IL Brighton, MI St. Petersburg, FL Chicago, IL Arlington Heights, IL Hawthorne Woods, IL Chicago, IL Columbus, OH Glencoe, IL Sarasota, FL Brookfield, WI Birchwood Village, MN West Chicago, IL Washington, MO Kalamazoo, MI

Association of Licensed Architects

Associate Members Carmine Amoroso Payam Bahrami Eric Blauert Michael Dudzik John Goodwin, Jr. Mercedes Ortegel

Elmhurst, IL Chicago, IL Hoffman Estates, IL Mokena, IL Barrington, IL Oakwood Hills, IL

Student Members Long Chang John Garcia Johnathan Puff Benjamin Temperley

Oshkosh, WI Plainfield, IL Arowsic, ME Carbondale, IL

Affiliate Member Nicholas Cwikla Archie Landreman Kevin Mack Jeff Stoffel

IKO Wood Products Council (WoodWorks) Holzkraft Custom Doors County Materials Corp.

Join ALA now for special 1/2 membership rates

Friday, August 27, 2010

Tamarack Golf Club • Naperville, Illinois Times: 11:00 AM - Check in and lunch 12:00 PM - Shotgun start 6:00 PM - Cocktails and reception 7:00 PM - Dinner & award ceremony

Great Prizes! Raffle! Get your reservations in early! Call 847-382-0630 for more information.

KELLY P. REYNOLDS & ASSOCIATES, INC. BUILDING CODE CONSULTANTS

NATIONWIDE PHONE 1-(800) 950-CODE (2633) Fax (866) 814-2633 Email: codexperts@aol.com www.codexperts.net Free hot lines (members only)

Corporate Office

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Indianapolis, IN Madison, WI

Membership application is available on page 10, or our website at www. LicensedArchitect.org. Questions??? Call the ALA office at (847) 382-0630

ALA Golf Outing

337 Shore Dr. Burr Ridge, IL 60527-5821

Todd Scoggins, ALA Charles Westerholm, ALA

16182 W. Magnolia Street Goodyear, AZ 85338-5518

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

- Job Posting Architecture Full Time TenureTrack Faculty Position Ferris State University, in Big Rapids, Michigan invites applications for the Architecture Full Time Tenure-Track faculty position. Responsibilities include: teaching first and second year architecture courses with specific focus on architectural graphics, construction materials, construction documentation utilizing AutoCAD and Revit, and architectural presentation utilizing software such as SketchUp, Photoshop and Illustrator. Required: Master of Architecture, minimum of five years of professional work experience and excellent interpersonal and communication skills. Complete posting and application instructions may be viewed at http://employment.ferris.edu. Ferris State University is sincerely committed to being a truly diverse institution and actively seeks applications from women, minorities, and other underrepresented groups. An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action employer.


ALANEWS ALA hosted "Principles of the IBC and Its Changes" in three cities Kelly Reynolds, the renowned building code consultant, once again informed and entertained architects in Chicago, Minneapolis and St Louis on the 'changes' in the International Building Codes. He explained the code section and formal interpretations; identified comparisons between the 2003, 2006 and 2009 editions; provided a working in-class problem solving format; and instructed architects on "How to Survive a Plan Review." As an added bonus, he presented selected changes to all the 2009 I-Codes: mechanical, plumbing, fire, energy, property maintenance. Attendees rated his seminars very high and gave him positive compliments and comments, i.e.: "Kelly makes the codes come to life"; "He makes one aware of what to look for"; "and he was knowledgeable, informative, engaging and humorous." Kelly also allowed adequate time for questions and answers, gave individual attention before and after the seminar and offered two months of free unlimited telephone consulting. Attendees truly believed they received a great value for the dollar. Attendees enjoyed a buffet lunch with their fellow architects in Illinois at Mission Hills Country Club.

Kelly lived up to his fine reputation and answered individual questions before and after the seminar. Beautiful weather allowed Architects in Minneapolis to have a relaxed lunch on the patio of Jax Café

Members in Motion New Home Design Will Protect Occupants During A Category 5 Hurricane, Ef5 Tornado, Or The Most Powerful Earthquake CHICAGO, IL – Roig Associates LLC, a suburban Chicago architectural and structural design firm, has just received a U.S. patent on the first lightweight wood frame residential home concept designed to protect its occupants from most powerful natural disasters, which claim thousands of lives every year and cause billions of dollars of property losses. Working with his knowledge of structural mechanics and incorporating building components readily Exterior Photo - ROIG available in the marketplace, Charles Roig, a licensed architect and ALA member, created an initial modular home structure designed to be extremely durable and affordable. After ten years of design and structural calculations per FEMA guidelines, he was ready to incorporate a detailed component analysis. This was performed with the help of his brother Dan Roig, a licensed structural engineer and partner of Roig Associates. The finished product netted a design that could withstand a direct hit from the most powerful tornado (EF5) and Category 5 hurricane including components and cladding which would protect the inhabitants from wind-driven projectiles hitting the ultrastrong windows. Further testing and design improvements extended the structural protection to withstand the most powerful Interior Great Room earthquakes. This created an above-ground building system that meets or exceeds FEMA standards for Main Wind Force Resisting Systems and Components & Cladding guidelines, while also meeting municipal building codes for egress and light and vent for residential homes. Each module is 14 feet wide, 60 feet long, and has 9 foot interior ceilings. The modules can be deployed as a stand-alone 800 square foot home, or multiple modules can be combined in different configurations to create larger homes of different sizes and exterior designs, from traditional to contemporary. Because this home was designed from commercially-available components, the cost is expected to be only 3% - 15% more expensive than traditional "stickframe" housing. The design also incorporates photovoltaic roof panels designed to run air conditioning with no additional power supply. Now in the process of building a prototype for destructive testing and detailing, the older Roig brothers brought in younger brother Robert Roig to start a company to build and market the homes: REvolution Housing, Inc. Robert brought many years of sales, marketing, and entrepreneurial experience to the venture, developing a business plan and securing investors to bring their innovative, life-saving building concept to the marketplace as quickly as possible FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS NEWS RELEASE, CONTACT Charles Roig Roig Associates (847) 609-4044 www.roigassociates.com (Continued on page 48) LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

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Legal Services for Architects (Referred by ALA Chapter Boards)

Illinois

ALANEWS (Contnued from page 47)

Hill Mechanical Group, an Ahern Fire Protection Partnership Adds Value and Quality to Chicago Market Hill Mechanical Group, and ALA affiliate member Ahern Fire Protection's Chicago office recently entered into a jointly owned partnership to provide fire protection services to the greater Chicago area under the name of Hill/Ahern Fire Protection. This agreement leverages Ahern's fire protection expertise with Hill's extensive market presence, and offers customers exceptional service from a unified, trusted source. The Company's collaborative team increases value through single-source contracting, in-house fabrication and 3D/BIM design, and a shared vision for delivering superior quality. It will offer customers more than 200 years of combined industry experience, with Ahern being founded in 1880 and Hill being formed in 1936. This longevity uniquely positions the Company to deliver sound estimates, offer expert advice, maintain cutting-edge technology, and employ quality personnel, while paying close attention to each customer's individual needs. Ahern Fire Protection and its parent company, J. F. Ahern Co., continue to operate corporate and district offices in Wisconsin, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, and Nebraska.

Building Type Basics for Banks and Financial Institutions By Homer L. Williams, ALA John Wiley and Sons Publishing ISBN 9780470278628

Minnesota

Helping design professionals find creative, common sense solutions to their legal problems.

Wisconsin

“This book is your one-stop reference for the essential information you need to confidently begin the design process and successfully complete the design for a bank or financial organization, large or small, on time and within budget. A renowned architect in the field shares his firsthand knowledge in order to guide architects, planners, engineers, and their clients through all aspects of the design of banking facilities. This comprehensive guide features a number of recently constructed and renovated banks–from small neighborhood branches to large headquarters. It highlights design issues as well as planning and zoning, office space versus customer space, and overall security. Banks and Financial Institutions begins with a basic overview of the history of banking and financial institutions, then explores the classic designs of the past along with the important considerations involved in building modern banks, including drive-up lanes, ATM facilities, and high-tech teller stations. This quick reference: • Addresses key questions that arise when launching a banking facility project • Office insight from an architect with more than forty years of experience in the design of more than one hundred banks • Provides significant contemporary examples complete with photographs, illustrations, floor plans, sections, and details Not only does this book offer current, authoritative information, its comprehensive coverage and logical organization also save you countless hours of research.” Homer L. Williams D. Arch, FAIA, ALA is a principal of Williams, Spurgeon, Kuhl, and Freshnock Architects (WSKF) in North Kansas City, Missouri. He has more than four decades of experience in the design of more than one hundred bank and financial service projects.

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ALAILLINOIS

2010 Illinois Student Award

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he Illinois Chapter is pleased to announce the winners of the 2010 Illinois Student Award. This financial award was established in 2008 by the Illinois Board of Directors to honor students from each of the state accredited architecture programs. Students are chosen by the faculty of their school for their outstanding achievements and commitment to the architectural community. We send our congratulations to this year’s recipients and look forward to following their promising careers. Jennifer Hoffman received both her Master of Architecture and Master of Business Administration degrees from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in May 2010. She received her BS in Architectural Studies with a minor in Business in 2007, graduating with University Honors (Bronze Tablet) - the University’s highest attainable honor. Jennifer was named as a Charles G. Rummel Fellow, and she studied abroad in Versailles, France from 2005-2006. As a graduate student, Jennifer studied architecture with an emphasis on Structures. She has also served as the President of the Gargoyle Architecture Honor Society (Illinois Chapter) and as the Vice President of Finance for the Illinois MBA Service Association. After graduation, she plans to pursue professional licensure as both an Architect and as a Structural Engineer.

Ryan VenHuizen graduated with his Master of Architecture degree from Judson University in May. He also received his B.A. in architectural studies from Judson in 2008. Ryan grew up along the Mississippi River, in Fulton IL. He enjoys getting to know people from other cultures to discuss what we have in common and what makes us different. Prior to his graduate studies, he completed a one-year preceptorship with SRBL Architects in Deerfield, IL where he contributed to the design of the new Hoffman Estates Police Department. This year his graduate design class submitted entries for a world-wide competition to design the new Northern Ontario School of Architecture. He also developed an urban design proposal for Ottawa, IL and is designing a hotel that fits within that plan. His career goals are to be become a licensed architect within the next 5 years and to design architecture that meets human needs in a beautiful way. Josh Rucinski from Southern Illinois University at Carbondale is 34-years old and married with a son. A sergeant in the Army Reserves and a veteran, he desires to become a lifelong learner and to spread that impulse to his fellow students. Josh has recently become a research assistant to Norm Lach, and is president of PCI (Prestressed/Precast Concrete Institute) at SIUC. His GPA is over 3.8 and he is a Golden Key member. He has 8 years trade experience in carpentry, is illustrating a children’s ABC book (registered in Library of Congress), and working on a windmill alternator/wind turbine in his garage. Currently, his assistance-ship consists of creating a program of Precast Concrete housing for the PCI architectural competition in 2011. Extra-curricular interests are Pen and Ink drawing, Furniture design, and tracking how basic economics laws of scarcity are manipulated for political impact.

Stanley Schultz completed his first year of the three-year M. Arch program at the University of Illinois Chicago. He is an outstanding student in terms of academic work and service to the School. Stanley serves as a class representative on the Student Advisory Board and currently works as one of the student lab coordinators in the school’s Digital Lab. He stands out among his classmates as a demonstrated leader, having been the key organizer of a school-wide competition hosted by the Student Advisory Board this spring. Stanley’s current interest in architecture is with dissolving boundaries and establishing methods for creating imprints that can produce new forms of organization. He has always been interested in leftovers and fall out spaces, so he is investigating the idea of the plug-in and the cramming of architecture into unexpected spaces.

Jacqueline Schaefer is graduated from The Illinois Institute of Technology with a Bachelor of Architecture this May. She has been on the Dean's list each semester at IIT and has held leadership positions and been involved with community service within her sorority, ASA. In her free time she enjoys exploring Chicago, running, and reading. She is working toward getting her license in Architecture, and this summer she will be working for the Engineering Firm, Parson's Corporation, in the Visualization Department.

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ALAWISCONSIN Getting Paid Without Getting Sued

Continuing Education in Wisconsin

Joshua B. Levy, Esq. ALA-WI Legal Counsel, presented a very timely program regarding architect’s fee collection problems on March 24 at a new great venue in Milwaukee, The Charcoal Grill.

Great news for the advancement of the profession of Architecture in Wisconsin. On April 21st, the Architects Section of the A-E Joint Board Rules Committee, Examining Board of Architects, Landscape Architects, Professional Engineers, Designers and Land Surveyors unanimously passed the final rules relating to Continuing Education for Architects.

Josh Levy presenting program

Every professional faces the challenge of collecting for their work in a timely manner. Clients may be slow to pay for a variety of reasons including cash flow problems, project frustrations or simple procrastination. Whatever the reason, a well-prepared professional will be more efficient than an unorganized one. This program helped our members appreciate the importance of a clearly written contract; identified the most important clauses to include in a contract; realize the best practices for documenting critical items during a project; and understanding the most effective way to handle collections. When communication breaks down between a professional and the client, collections become very difficult and are often met with counterclaims and accusations. This program impressed upon our members some of the best practices to help getting paid without getting sued.

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Prior to the August 2012 biennial registration period and the 2 year period preceding each biennial registration period, every registrant shall complete at least 24 contact hours of continuing education, of which 16 contact hours shall be in HSW topics pertinent to the practice of architecture. On June 21st, ALA-WI in combination with CSI Milwaukee and AIA Milwaukee will hold a program to further explain and clarify these new rules for Wisconsin Architects.

SUMMER COOK-OUT In August, ALA-WI will host a cook-out at the South Shore Yacht Club, Milwaukee, WI. Date and program to be announced. Contact ALA-WI for details at 414-259-9555.


ALAMISSOURI Kelly Reynolds’ seminar on the "Changes in the International Building Code" was held in St. Louis on June 8 and was a great success. Twenty two people signed up and Kelly gave each a nice new million dollar bill. The ALA Missouri Chapter currently has forty-two members and is growing. Each year they offer a series of two hour seminars; six times a year from noon to 2:00 pm. If architects attend all six they will earn all twelve learning units required by the state for the year. If one signs up for all six he/she only pays for five. There are three remaining seminars scheduled for this year.

2. Discussions on Special Inspections, Project Data/Code Block Requirements, Energy Calculations per Chapter 13 ASHRAE/IENSA 90.1-2010, Stair requirements/Egress/ Ingress/Chapter 11, High Pile Storage requirement vs. spec warehouse space. 3. Discussions with architects regarding direct questions from the architects to the code officials. Roger Herin is the Assistant Fire Marshal for the Monarch Fire Protection District (Formerly Chesterfield Fire Protection District), where he has been employed for over 25 years. Bill is employed as a Project Manager IV with St. Louis County Department of Public Works. He is a Missouri Professional Engineer and International Code Council (ICC) certified as a Building Plans Examiner and a Building Code Official.

July 13, 2010: Codification II This program will have a round table discussion format on "Building and Fire Codes" and will be held at The Masonry Institute of St Louis. Bill Walterscheid from St. Louis County and Roger Herin from the Monarch Fire Protection District will lead the seminar and attendees will direct the topics of discussion. Our ideas are as follows: 1. To familiarize architects with the latest St. Louis County (building code) and Monarch Fire Protection District (Fire code) issues related to permit submittals and any special modifications to the codes that may have been adapted as well as how architects can influence the permit application process for the better.

September 14: "Legalized" This seminar will help acquaint you with the latest on the legal and insurance front to help protect your practice. (2 LU’s – HSW)

2010 Fall Schedule

Location: Masonry Institute of St. Louis November 9: "Moldy but a Goody" This seminar will help you understand the effects of humidity and moisture on the building envelope and how to avoid problems. More chapter and meeting information is available on the ALA website www.alatoday.org.

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Visit us at the 2010 Chicago Architecture Conference and Product Show

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010


2010 Chicago Architecture Conference and Product Show 12th Annual Event Tuesday, October 5 Drury Lane • Oakbrook Terrace, IL

6.0 Learning Units 15 CEU Seminars 90+ Exhibitors KEYNOTE ADDRESS

“Integrating Renewable Energy Technologies into Architecture” by Mr. Bil Becker, CEO and Founder of Aerotecture International, Inc.

Photo Credit: Kurt Holtz, Lucid Dream Productions Photo Credit: Anna Knott

Co-Sponsored by: Association of Licensed Architects

Chicago Chapter Construction Specifications Institute

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2010 Chicago Architecture Conference & Product Show Keynote 8:00 AM - 9:30 AM

Keynote Address

INTEGRATING RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES INTO ARCHITECTURE Mr. Bil Becker, CEO and Founder of Aerotecture International, Inc. Bil Becker, inventor, innovator, renewable energy visionary and former Professor of Industrial Design at the University of Illinois-Chicago will address the renewable energy movement from a broad perspective. He will discuss the history and evolution of a variety of technologies including wind, solar, and energy efficiency. His presentation will focus on how these modalities can be integrated into existing and new architecture. Mr. Becker's engaging style blends academic and technical information with hands-on experience for a look at the future of renewable energy as a component of buildings. Photo Credit: Kurt Holtz, Lucid Dream Productions

SESSION III 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM

SESSION II 1:15 PM - 2:45 PM

SESSION I 10:30 AM - 12:00 Noon

BUILDING ENVELOPE

SUSTAINABLE DESIGN

LEGAL/BUSINESS/CODE

B1 - INTRODUCTION TO ALUMINUM AND NATURAL METAL COMPOSITE MATERIAL

S1 - WHEN GREEN MEANS CAUTION: MANAGING RISKS OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN

L1 - USING INTELLIGENT OBJECTS FOR EFFICIENT 2D DOCUMENTATION

Lonnie Jones, Shaffner Heaney & Assoc.; Tony Rapisarda, Alcoa

Wendy Arnold, Holmes Murphy & Assoc.

David Webster, MasterGraphics, Inc.

Overview of Metal Panel Systems (MCM)-application, manufacturing process, availability and offerings. Learn how a rainscreen wall functions, compare rainscreen design to standard wall construction, review the benefits in rainscreen design and LEED credits.

Discover the reasons to seek “Green” and the challenges and hurdles related to sustainable design. Learn professional liability risks and how to manage through client education, contract language and internal training. Maximize the value of sustainable design with an acceptable level of risk.

This seminar will show some of the best tips and tricks to apply to the AutoCAD technology you curently own and improve your 2D design productivity. Learn about intelligent objects, how to search and utilize prebuilt content, and understand the properties and parametrics of objects as an intial step towards BIM.

1.5 LU

1.5 LU/HSW/SD

1.5 LU

B2 - FLUID-APPLIED AIR, VAPOR AND WATER-RESISTIVE BARRIERS

S2 -SUSTAINABLE APPROACH TO IMPROVING INDOOR AIR QUALITY

Richard Martens, LEED AP; BASF

Jeffrey Roseberry, ChE; ProMark Associates, Inc.

L2 - FEELING LUCKY? 13 CONTRACT PROVISIONS TO HOLD, FOLD OR DISCARD

This program discusses the cost-effective, energy saving characteristics of fluidapplied air, vapor and water-resistive barriers. It outlines performance-based specification strategies and innovative application techniques. Air barrier requirements and ways to demonstrate compliance will also be addressed.

This program provides a 21st century approach to improving Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) focusing on extreme purification of indoor air to eliminate health issues and reduce energy usage. Understand conventional HVAC methods and shortcomings of handling air and compare with techniques for filtration that can achieve the highest standards of IAQ. Learn about sustainable design functionality for existing buildings and new construction.

Melissa Roberts; Euclid Insurance and Eric Singer; Ice Miller, LLP

Join us for this informative and fast-paced presentation that will walk you through 13 key contract clauses that are useful, harmful or often improperly written. Review samples of contract provisions and typical insurance requirements. Learn how to spot problematic language and apply a checklist to each agreement. We will use experience, stories and even some humor to illustrate the supporting risk management, insurance and legal concepts.

1.5 LU/HSW/SD

1.5 LU/HSW/SD

1.5 LU

B3 - COMMERCIAL ROOFING CRITICAL KNOWLEDGE FOR DESIGNERS

S3 - THE ECOSMART HOUSE: MAKING GREEN HOMES AFFORDABLE

L3 - THE BRUISE BROTHERS PRESENT THE TEN COMMANDMENTS OF LOSS PREVENTION

Marty Jolly, GenFlex Roofing Systems

Garry Benson, Garrison Partners; Steve Brennan, Lorsch Construction; Patrick FitzGerald, FitzGerald Assoc. Architects; Joe Salamone, Salamone Builders.

Overview of roofing components and applications to more specific information about various assemblies, details and slopes. It will address applicable installation techniques and model building codes as they relate to low-slope commercial roofing. Acquire actionable knowledge of roofing products and systems, applications for single-ply and asphalt-based products, building codes, insurance requirements, warranties and maintenance.

View a prototype jointly developed for a green and affordable urban infill home by professionals in architecture, development, construction, prefabrication and marketing. It represents the newest thinking in building technologies, prefab components and construction methods for a contemporary, sustaintable lifestyle at an affordable price. Panel will discuss sustainable building certification systems.

1.5 LU/HSW/SD

1.5 LU/HSW/SD

Mark Blankenship, CPCU, LEED AP; Liberty International Underwriters and Bob Stanton, CPCU; Willis HRH.

This lively seminar will examine the most effective ways to reduce the frequency and severity of professional liability claims.The presenters will draw on their combined 50+ years of claims experience to deliver a program combining practical advice with religious fervor!

1.5 LU/HSW

This Architecture Conference and Product Show applies environmentally conscious meeting principles. Presenter bios and learning objectives are available online at: www.licensedarchitect.org or www.csichicago.org

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LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010


Tuesday, October 5, 2010

Registration Form Pre-register by September 28, 2010; Sign-up is on a first come, first serve basis

Please print

Schedule at a Glance 7:00 AM – 8:00 AM 8:00 AM – 9:30 AM 9:30 AM – 4:00 PM 10:30 AM – 12:00 Noon 12:00 Noon – 1:15 PM 1:15 PM – 2:45 PM 3:30 PM – 5:00 PM

Registration/Continental Breakfast Keynote Address Product Show Seminar Session I Lunch Seminar Session II Seminar Session III

GREEN STANDARDS

TECHNICAL

G1 - INTRODUCTION TO THE NEW GREEN BUILDING CODES

T1 - BELOW GRADE AND PLAZA DECK WATERPROOFING

Christopher Chwedyk, AIA, CSI; The Code Group-Burnham Nationwide.

Stacy Byrd, CSI, LEED AP; CETCO

Discover unique solutions to tough This seminar will introduce the new waterproofing problems in commercial, International Green Construction Code civil, and residential applications. (IgCC), ASHRAE 189 and ICC 700 Evaluate and select appropriate Residential Green Code. We will address waterproofing systems for specific site how these new green codes came to be, conditions and construction methods their main features, who is currently including new and remedial enforcing them in Illinois, and compare applications. Determine substrate these codes to LEED and the 2009 IECC requirements, and learn how to select (current State Energy Code). and specify quality control measures. 1.5 LU/HSW/SD

L.5 LU/HSW

G2 - GARDEN AND ENERGY EFFICIENT ROOFING IN CHICAGO AND BEYOND

T2 - FROM ANSI TO ISO Heather Yario-Rice, CSI, CDT; MAPEI

One blanket standard for tile installation can no longer be successful with today's larger ceramic tiles and the Learn key garden roofing points for move toward porcelain, metals, natural leak-free performance while unraveling stone and glass. Explore the differences the mystery of Chicago’s Urban Heat of ANSI and ISO specifications. This Island Effect Ordinance and Energy presentation explains how the standards Codes. This seminar will explain fire are changing and what the A&D and structural code requirements, community needs to know to be more important specification points and exact with their specifications. types of roofing systems that meet Chicago's Energy Code. Bill McHugh, CSI; Chicagoland Roofing Council and Rod Petrick, Ridgeworth Roofing.

1.5 LU/HSW/SD

1.5 LU/HSW

G3 - GREEN HOME BUILDING RATING SYSTEMS

T3 - FACTORY PREBLENDED MORTAR FOR MASONRY CONSTRUCTION

Michael DeRouin, AIA, CSI, CCCA; FitzGerald Associates Architects

The emergence of green rating systems raises questions about the cost of compliance with each system. This presention will shed new light on the true costs by offering an extensive cost comparison - executed by experienced builders and architects - of the Chicago Green Homes Program, the ICCNAHB National Green Building Standard and LEED for Homes V.1. It will include the challenges experienced during residential and commercial development processes. 1.5 LU/HSW/SD

Phillip Eenigenburg, CSI; Packaged Concrete, Inc.

During this interactive seminar, attendees will participate in hands-on demonstrations illustrating factory produced mortar compared to sitemixed mortar. Paricipants will gain knowledge on the future of masonry mortar and discover how to achive consistent color, select and specify mortars to exceed ASTM standards, and determine mortar strength (P.S.I.). 1.5 LU/HSW

Full Name (Badge name)

Company

Address

City

State

Phone

Zip code

E-mail address (for confirmation) Check box for each event you plan to attend (only one seminar per time period)

■ Keynote Address: 8:00 AM - 9:30 AM

Integrating Renewable Energy Technologies into Architecture Session I: 10:30 AM – 12:00 Noon ■ B1 - Introduction to Aluminum and Natural Metal Composite Material ■ S1 - When Green Means Caution: Managing Risks of Sustainable Design ■ L1 - Using Intelligent Objects for Efficient 2D Documentation ■ G1 - Introduction to the New Green Building Codes ■ T1 - Below Grade and Plaza Deck Waterproofing Session II: 1:15 PM - 2:45 PM ■ B2 - Fluid-Applied Air, Vapor and Water-Resistive Barriers ■ S2 - Sustainable Approach to Improving Indoor Air Quality ■ L2 - Feeling Lucky? 13 Contract Provisions to Hold, Fold or Discard ■ G2 - Garden and Energy Efficient Roofing in Chicago and Beyond ■ T2 - From ANSI to ISO Session III: 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM ■ B3 - Commercial Roofing - Critical Knowledge for Designers ■ S3 - The EcoSmart House: Making Green Homes Affordable ■ L3 - The Bruise Brothers Present The Ten Commandments of Loss Prevention ■ G3 - Green Home Building Rating Systems ■ T3 - Factory Preblended Mortar for Masonry Construction REGISTRATION: Please select ONLY ONE package below $_____ Complete Package (includes all seminars, keynote, product show, breakfast and box lunch)

■ Member: ■ CSI-Chicago ■ ALA ■ Non - Member ■ Student

Before Sept. 28

After Sept. 28

$125 $150 $55

$140 $170 $70

Before Sept. 28

fter Sept. 28

FREE $20

FREE $20

$_____ Product Show Only Packages

■ Product Show ■ Product Show & Box Lunch

Return Form and Payment to

ALA • 22159 N. Pepper Rd., Ste. 2N • Barrington, IL 60010 or Fax to 847-382-8380 ■ Pay by Credit Card Credit Card #

■ Check Enclosed Exp. Date

Register Online: www.LicensedArchitect.org

Special Sponsors:

Totes

Keynote

Lanyards

Break

CANCELLATIONS: Cancellations must be received before 5 PM, September 28, 2010. "No Shows" are responsible for applicable fees, and will be billed if not pre-paid.

LICENSED ARCHITECT • VOL 14 NO. 2 • SUMMER 2010

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ALA 22159 N. Pepper Rd., Suite 2N Barrington, IL 60010

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Licensed Architect  

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