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Thirty Minor Upanishads 21 Jīvanmukṭi is emancipation. Jīvanmukṭas are those that have attained emancipation. 22 This word and others are explained in full later on in the text. 23 Lit., secret sleep. 24 Suka is a Ṛshi, the son of the present Vyāsa and the narrator of Bhāgavaṭa Purāṇa. Vāmaḍeva is also a Ṛshi. 25 Bird's path, like birds which fly at once to the place they intend to go; Ant's path, like ants which move slowly. 26 It is that of intense self-absorption when one loses his consciousness of individuality. 27 Hathayoga, as stated in Paṭañjali's Yoga Philosophy. 28 There are either the five elements or Mūlāḍhāra (sacral plexus), Svāḍhishthāna (epigastric or prostatic plexus), Maṇipūraka (solar plexus), Anāhata (cardiac plexus) and Visuḍḍhi (laryngeal or pharyngeal plexus). These are situated respectively in the anus, the genital organs, navel, heart and throat. The last or the sixth plexus is omitted here, as the five plexuses mentioned above correspond to the five elements. This chapter treating of yoga is very mystical. 29 This is one of the postures treated of in Siva Samhiṭa and other books. 30 There are four kinds of yoga—the fourth being Rājayoga. Manṭrayoga is that in which perfection is obtained through the pronunciation of manṭras. Layayoga is that in which perfection is obtained through laya (absorption). 31 They mean respectively forbearance, religious restraint, posture, 276 of 318

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Thirty minor Upanishads  

Yoga eBook Collection

Thirty minor Upanishads  

Yoga eBook Collection

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