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Stories of Holland and Spain


ADDITIONAL SERIES IN THE FORGOTTEN CLASSICS FAMILY LIBRARY Great Lives Series Freedom Series Story Hour Series Nature, Art and Music Series


Stories of Holland and Spain Selected Authors

FORGOTTEN CLASSICS FAMILY LIBRARY Libraries of Hope


Stories of Holland and Spain Copyright Š 2014 by Libraries of Hope, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher. International rights and foreign translations available only through permission of the publisher.

Compiled From: A Child’s History of Spain, by John Bonner, New York: Harper & Borthers Publishers, (1894). Peeps at History: Holland, by John Finnemore, London: Adam and Charles Black, (1912).

Libraries of Hope, Inc. Appomattox, Virginia 24522 Website www.librariesofhope.com Email support@librariesofhope.com Printed in the United States of America


Table of Contents Peeps at History: Holland ...........................................1 Early Times ............................................................................... 3 The Growth of Towns .............................................................. 7 The House of Burgundy ......................................................... 13 The Spanish Rulers ................................................................ 18 The Rise of the Dutch Republic—I ........................................ 24 The Rise of the Dutch Republic—II ...................................... 30 The Rise of the Dutch Republic—III ..................................... 37 The Rise of the Dutch Republic—IV ..................................... 42 The Rise of the Dutch Republic—V ...................................... 50 The Rise of the Dutch Republic—VI ..................................... 57 Prince Maurice ....................................................................... 62 The Greatness of Holland ...................................................... 68 A Religious Quarrel and a Renewed War .............................. 74 The Dutch Wars With England ............................................. 79 The Decline of Holland .......................................................... 85 Recent Times .......................................................................... 89

A Child’s History of Spain ........................................93 Spain—From the Beginning to the Roman Conquest ............ 95 The Goths in Spain .............................................................. 102 The Moorish Conquest ......................................................... 108 Who Were the Moors? ......................................................... 114 The Conquest ....................................................................... 119 Abderrahman the First ......................................................... 125


Table of Contents Continued Abderrahman’s Successors.................................................... 130 Flora and Mary ...................................................................... 136 Abderrahman the Third ........................................................ 140 The Great Vizier ................................................................... 146 The Christians of Northern Spain ........................................ 151 The Cid Campeador .............................................................. 158 The Battle of Las Navas ........................................................ 163 Seville .................................................................................... 169 Castile and Aragon................................................................ 175 The Moors at Granada .......................................................... 181 Zahara and Alhama ............................................................... 189 Border Warfare ..................................................................... 195 The Fall of Malaga ................................................................ 201 The Fall of Granada .............................................................. 207 The Last of the Moors ........................................................... 214 The Condition of Spain ........................................................ 220 Columbus .............................................................................. 226 The Discovery of America .................................................... 231 The Second Voyage .............................................................. 237 The Death of Columbus ....................................................... 243 The End of Ferdinand and Isabella ....................................... 249 Charles the First .................................................................... 257 Philip the Second .................................................................. 264 The Duke of Alva ................................................................. 271 Don John of Austria .............................................................. 278 The Knights of Malta ............................................................ 285


Table of Contents Continued The Moriscoes ...................................................................... 292 Spain Under Philip the Second ............................................ 296 Two More Philips ................................................................. 302 Charles the Second ............................................................... 308 Philip the Fifth...................................................................... 313 Ferdinand the Sixth .............................................................. 319 Charles the Third ................................................................. 323 The Prince of the Peace ....................................................... 329 The Old King and the New One .......................................... 335 King Joseph ........................................................................... 341 The French in Spain ............................................................. 347 Ferdinand the Seventh .......................................................... 353 The Spanish-American Colonies .......................................... 359 The Woman from Naples ..................................................... 367 Isabella .................................................................................. 371 Spain in Our Day .................................................................. 377


Peeps at History Holland by John Finnemore


Chapter I

Early Times

æ

3


Stories of Holland and Spain

4


Peeps at History: Holland

5


Stories of Holland and Spain

6


Chapter II

The Growth of Towns

7


Stories of Holland and Spain

8


Peeps at History: Holland

9


Stories of Holland and Spain

10


Peeps at History: Holland

11


Stories of Holland and Spain

12


Chapter III

The House of Burgundy

13


Stories of Holland and Spain

14


Peeps at History: Holland

15


Stories of Holland and Spain

16


Peeps at History: Holland

17


Chapter IV

The Spanish Rulers

18


Peeps at History: Holland

19


Stories of Holland and Spain

20


Peeps at History: Holland

21


Stories of Holland and Spain

22


Peeps at History: Holland

23


Chapter V

The Rise of the Dutch Republic—I

24


Peeps at History: Holland

25


Stories of Holland and Spain

26


Peeps at History: Holland

27


Stories of Holland and Spain

28


Peeps at History: Holland

29


Chapter VI

The Rise of the Dutch Republic—II

30


Peeps at History: Holland

31


Stories of Holland and Spain

32


Peeps at History: Holland

33


Stories of Holland and Spain

34


Peeps at History: Holland

35


Stories of Holland and Spain

36


Chapter VII

The Rise of the Dutch Republic—III

37


Stories of Holland and Spain

38


Peeps at History: Holland

39


Stories of Holland and Spain

40


Peeps at History: Holland

41


Chapter VIII

The Rise of the Dutch Republic—IV

42


Peeps at History: Holland

43


Stories of Holland and Spain

44


Peeps at History: Holland

45


Stories of Holland and Spain

46


Peeps at History: Holland

47


Stories of Holland and Spain

48


Peeps at History: Holland

49


Chapter IX

The Rise of the Dutch Republic—V

50


Peeps at History: Holland

51


Stories of Holland and Spain

52


Peeps at History: Holland

53


Stories of Holland and Spain

54


Peeps at History: Holland

55


Stories of Holland and Spain

56


Chapter X

The Rise of the Dutch Republic—VI

57


Stories of Holland and Spain

58


Peeps at History: Holland

59


Stories of Holland and Spain

60


Peeps at History: Holland

61


Chapter XI

Prince Maurice

62


Peeps at History: Holland

63


Stories of Holland and Spain

64


Peeps at History: Holland

65


Stories of Holland and Spain

66


Peeps at History: Holland

67


Chapter XII

The Greatness of Holland

68


Peeps at History: Holland

69


Stories of Holland and Spain

70


Peeps at History: Holland

71


Stories of Holland and Spain

72


Peeps at History: Holland

73


Chapter XIII

A Religious Quarrel and a Renewed War

74


Peeps at History: Holland

75


Stories of Holland and Spain

76


Peeps at History: Holland

77


Stories of Holland and Spain

78


Chapter XIV

The Dutch Wars With England

79


Stories of Holland and Spain

80


Peeps at History: Holland

81


Stories of Holland and Spain

82


Peeps at History: Holland

83


Stories of Holland and Spain

84


Chapter XV

The Decline of Holland

85


Stories of Holland and Spain

86


Peeps at History: Holland

87


Stories of Holland and Spain

88


Chapter XVI

Recent Times

89


Stories of Holland and Spain

90


Peeps at History: Holland

91


A Child’s History of Spain BY JOHN BONNER


Chapter I

Spain—From the Beginning to the Roman Conquest 500 B.C.—50 A.D.

95


Stories of Holland and Spain

96


A Child’s History of Spain

97


Stories of Holland and Spain

98


A Child’s History of Spain

99


Stories of Holland and Spain

100


A Child’s History of Spain

101


Chapter II

The Goths in Spain A.D. 200-700

102


A Child’s History of Spain

103


Stories of Holland and Spain

104


A Child’s History of Spain

105


Stories of Holland and Spain

106


A Child’s History of Spain

107


Chapter III

The Moorish Conquest A.D. 710-711

108


A Child’s History of Spain

109


Stories of Holland and Spain

110


A Child’s History of Spain

111


Stories of Holland and Spain

112


A Child’s History of Spain

113


Chapter IV

Who Were the Moors? A.D. 630-711

114


A Child’s History of Spain

115


Stories of Holland and Spain

116


A Child’s History of Spain

117


Stories of Holland and Spain

118


Chapter V

The Conquest A.D. 711-777

119


Stories of Holland and Spain

120


A Child’s History of Spain

121


Stories of Holland and Spain

122


A Child’s History of Spain

123


Stories of Holland and Spain

124


Chapter VI

Abderrahman the First A.D. 750-788

125


Stories of Holland and Spain

126


A Child’s History of Spain

127


Stories of Holland and Spain

128


A Child’s History of Spain

129


Chapter VII

Abderrahman’s Successors A.D. 788-852

130


A Child’s History of Spain

131


Stories of Holland and Spain

132


A Child’s History of Spain

133


Stories of Holland and Spain

134


A Child’s History of Spain

135


Chapter VIII

Flora and Mary A.D. 840-859

136


A Child’s History of Spain

137


Stories of Holland and Spain

138


A Child’s History of Spain

139


Chapter IX

Abderrahman the Third A.D. 850-961

140


A Child’s History of Spain

141


Stories of Holland and Spain

142


A Child’s History of Spain

143


Stories of Holland and Spain

144


A Child’s History of Spain

145


Chapter X

The Great Vizier A.D. 961-1002

146


A Child’s History of Spain

147


Stories of Holland and Spain

148


A Child’s History of Spain

149


Stories of Holland and Spain

150


Chapter XI

The Christians of Northern Spain A.D. 740-1065

151


Stories of Holland and Spain

152


A Child’s History of Spain

153


Stories of Holland and Spain

154


A Child’s History of Spain

155


Stories of Holland and Spain

156


A Child’s History of Spain

157


Chapter XII

The Cid Campeador A.D. 1064-1099

158


A Child’s History of Spain

159


Stories of Holland and Spain

160


A Child’s History of Spain

161


Stories of Holland and Spain

162


Chapter XIII

The Battle of Las Navas A.D. 1002-1212

163


Stories of Holland and Spain

164


A Child’s History of Spain

165


Stories of Holland and Spain

166


A Child’s History of Spain

167


Stories of Holland and Spain

168


Chapter XIV

Seville

A.D. 1213-1284

169


Stories of Holland and Spain

170


A Child’s History of Spain

171


Stories of Holland and Spain

172


A Child’s History of Spain

173


Stories of Holland and Spain

174


Chapter XV

Castile and Aragon A.D. 1284-1469

175


Stories of Holland and Spain

176


A Child’s History of Spain

177


Stories of Holland and Spain

178


A Child’s History of Spain

179


Stories of Holland and Spain

180


Chapter XVI

The Moors at Granada A.D. 1250-1476

181


Stories of Holland and Spain

182


A Child’s History of Spain

183


Stories of Holland and Spain

184


A Child’s History of Spain

185


Stories of Holland and Spain

186


A Child’s History of Spain

187


Stories of Holland and Spain

188


Chapter XVII

Zahara and Alhama A.D. 1481-1482

189


Stories of Holland and Spain

190


A Child’s History of Spain

191


Stories of Holland and Spain

192


A Child’s History of Spain

193


Stories of Holland and Spain

194


Chapter XVIII

Border Warfare A.D. 1483

195


Stories of Holland and Spain

196


A Child’s History of Spain

197


Stories of Holland and Spain

198


A Child’s History of Spain

199


Stories of Holland and Spain

200


Chapter XIX

The Fall of Malaga A.D. 1483—1488

201


Stories of Holland and Spain

202


A Child’s History of Spain

203


Stories of Holland and Spain

204


A Child’s History of Spain

205


Stories of Holland and Spain

206


Chapter XX

The Fall of Granada A.D. 1488-1492

207


Stories of Holland and Spain

208


A Child’s History of Spain

209


Stories of Holland and Spain

210


A Child’s History of Spain

211


Stories of Holland and Spain

212


A Child’s History of Spain

213


Chapter XXI

The Last of the Moors A.D. 1492-1575

214


A Child’s History of Spain

215


Stories of Holland and Spain

216


A Child’s History of Spain

217


Stories of Holland and Spain

218


A Child’s History of Spain

219


Chapter XXII

The Condition of Spain A.D. 1450-1500

220


A Child’s History of Spain

221


Stories of Holland and Spain

222


A Child’s History of Spain

223


Stories of Holland and Spain

224


A Child’s History of Spain

225


Chapter XXIII

Columbus

A.D. 1484-1492

226


A Child’s History of Spain

227


Stories of Holland and Spain

228


A Child’s History of Spain

229


Stories of Holland and Spain

230


Chapter XXIV

The Discovery of America A.D. 1492-1493

231


Stories of Holland and Spain

232


A Child’s History of Spain

233


Stories of Holland and Spain

234


A Child’s History of Spain

235


Stories of Holland and Spain

236


Chapter XXV

The Second Voyage A.D. 1493-1498

237


Stories of Holland and Spain

238


A Child’s History of Spain

239


Stories of Holland and Spain

240


A Child’s History of Spain

241


Stories of Holland and Spain

242


Chapter XXVI

The Death of Columbus A.D. 1498-1506

243


Stories of Holland and Spain

244


A Child’s History of Spain

245


Stories of Holland and Spain

246


A Child’s History of Spain

247


Stories of Holland and Spain

248


Chapter XXVII

The End of Ferdinand and Isabella A.D. 1475-1516

249


Stories of Holland and Spain

250


A Child’s History of Spain

251


Stories of Holland and Spain

252


A Child’s History of Spain

253


Stories of Holland and Spain

254


A Child’s History of Spain

255


Stories of Holland and Spain

256


Chapter XXVIII

Charles the First A. D. 1517-1558

257


Stories of Holland and Spain

258


A Child’s History of Spain

259


Stories of Holland and Spain

260


A Child’s History of Spain

261


Stories of Holland and Spain

262


A Child’s History of Spain

263


Chapter XXXV

Philip the Second A.D. 1556-1568

264


A Child’s History of Spain

265


Stories of Holland and Spain

266


A Child’s History of Spain

267


Stories of Holland and Spain

268


A Child’s History of Spain

269


Stories of Holland and Spain

270


Chapter XXXVI

The Duke of Alva A.D. 1559-1570

271


Stories of Holland and Spain

272


A Child’s History of Spain

273


Stories of Holland and Spain

274


A Child’s History of Spain

275


Stories of Holland and Spain

276


A Child’s History of Spain

277


Chapter XXXVII

Don John of Austria A.D. 1547-1578

278


A Child’s History of Spain

279


Stories of Holland and Spain

280


A Child’s History of Spain

281


Stories of Holland and Spain

282


A Child’s History of Spain

283


Stories of Holland and Spain

284


Chapter XXXVIII

The Knights of Malta A.D. 1565

285


Stories of Holland and Spain

286


A Child’s History of Spain

287


Stories of Holland and Spain

288


A Child’s History of Spain

289


Stories of Holland and Spain

290


A Child’s History of Spain

291


Chapter XXXIX

The Moriscoes A.D. 1566-1609

292


A Child’s History of Spain

293


Stories of Holland and Spain

294


A Child’s History of Spain

295


Chapter XL

Spain Under Philip the Second A.D. 1560-1598

296


A Child’s History of Spain

297


Stories of Holland and Spain

298


A Child’s History of Spain

299


Stories of Holland and Spain

300


A Child’s History of Spain

301


Chapter XLI

Two More Philips A.D. 1598-1665

302


A Child’s History of Spain

303


Stories of Holland and Spain

304


A Child’s History of Spain

305


Stories of Holland and Spain

306


A Child’s History of Spain

307


Chapter XLII

Charles the Second A.D. 1665-1700

308


A Child’s History of Spain

309


Stories of Holland and Spain

310


A Child’s History of Spain

311


Stories of Holland and Spain

312


Chapter XLIII

Philip the Fifth A.D. 1700-1746

313


Stories of Holland and Spain

314


A Child’s History of Spain

315


Stories of Holland and Spain

316


A Child’s History of Spain

317


Stories of Holland and Spain

318


Chapter XLIV

Ferdinand the Sixth A.D. 1746-1749

319


Stories of Holland and Spain

320


A Child’s History of Spain

321


Stories of Holland and Spain

322


Chapter XLV

Charles the Third A.D. 1759-1789

323


Stories of Holland and Spain

324


A Child’s History of Spain

325


Stories of Holland and Spain

326


A Child’s History of Spain

327


Stories of Holland and Spain

328


Chapter XLVI

The Prince of the Peace A.D. 1788-1851

329


Stories of Holland and Spain

330


A Child’s History of Spain

331


Stories of Holland and Spain

332


A Child’s History of Spain

333


Stories of Holland and Spain

334


Chapter XLVII

The Old King and the New One A.D. 1807-1808

335


Stories of Holland and Spain

336


A Child’s History of Spain

337


Stories of Holland and Spain

338


A Child’s History of Spain

339


Stories of Holland and Spain

340


Chapter XLVIII

King Joseph A.D. 1808

341


Stories of Holland and Spain

342


A Child’s History of Spain

343


Stories of Holland and Spain

344


A Child’s History of Spain

345


Stories of Holland and Spain

346


Chapter XLIX

The French in Spain A.D. 1808—1813

347


Stories of Holland and Spain

348


A Child’s History of Spain

349


Stories of Holland and Spain

350


A Child’s History of Spain

351


Stories of Holland and Spain

352


Chapter L

Ferdinand the Seventh A.D. 1814-1833

353


Stories of Holland and Spain

354


A Child’s History of Spain

355


Stories of Holland and Spain

356


A Child’s History of Spain

357


Stories of Holland and Spain

358


Chapter LI

The Spanish-American Colonies A.D. 1810-1822

359


Stories of Holland and Spain

360


A Child’s History of Spain

361


Stories of Holland and Spain

362


A Child’s History of Spain

363


Stories of Holland and Spain

364


A Child’s History of Spain

365


Stories of Holland and Spain

366


Chapter LII

The Woman from Naples A.D. 1833-1840

367


Stories of Holland and Spain

368


A Child’s History of Spain

369


Stories of Holland and Spain

370


Chapter LIII

Isabella

A.D. 1843-1868

371


Stories of Holland and Spain

372


A Child’s History of Spain

373


Stories of Holland and Spain

374


A Child’s History of Spain

375


Stories of Holland and Spain

376


Chapter LIV

Spain in Our Day A.D. 1868-1890

377


Stories of Holland and Spain

378


A Child’s History of Spain

379


Stories of Holland and Spain

380

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