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Matt Purland LIMBA ENGLEZĂ

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Descrierea CIP a Bibliotecii Naţionale a României

PURLAND, MATT Limba engleză / Matt Purland. – Bucureşti: Editura My Ebook, 2013 ISBN 978-606-93162-3-8 811.111(074.5)

©Copyright Matt Purland, English Banana

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MATT PURLAND

LIMBA ENGLEZĂ

Bucureşti, 2013 3


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CONTENT

I. Basic Sentence Punctuation ……………………………..

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Using Capital Letters ……………………………………….. Full Stops …………………………………………………….

10 13

II. Spelling Skills ……………………………………………

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100 Commonly Misspelled Words …………………………. Be the Spell-checker ………………………………………..

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III. Reading Skills ………………………………………….

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Reading Comprehension …………………………………….

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IV. Question Forms …………………………………………

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‘Wh – ’ Questions …………………………………………… Question Forms Using Verb ‘to be’ (Present Simple Tense)... Question Forms Using Verb ‘to do’ as an Auxiliary Verb (Present Simple Tense) ……………………………………… Question Forms Using Verb ‘to have’ as an Auxiliary Verb (Present Perfect Tense) ……………………………………...

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V. Opposite Adjectives ……………………………………...

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VI. Comparatives and Superlatives ………………………..

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VII. Indefinite Articles ……………………………………...

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VIII. Nouns …………………………………….……………

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Singular and Plural Nouns …………………………………... Compound Nouns …………………………………….……... List of Common Uncountable Nouns ………………………..

50 51 53

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Countable and Uncountable Nouns ………………………… Using Determiners …………………………………….…….

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IX. Personal Pronouns ……………………………………..

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X. Adverbs of Frequency …………………………………..

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XI. Verbs …………………………………….………………

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What’s the Infinitive...? ……………………………………... Troubling Tenses – Past Simple vs. Present Continuous ……. Troubling Tenses – Past Simple vs. ‘going to’ ……………… Troubling Tenses – Mixed Tenses …………………………... Irregular Verbs in the Past Simple Tense …………………… Common Irregular Verbs ……………………………………. Talking about the Past …………………………………….…

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XII. Homophones …………………………………….…….

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Essential English List of Common Homophones ……………

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XIII. Sentences …………………………………….……….

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Sentence Building …………………………………….……... Writing Comparisons …………………………………….…..

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XIV. Vocabulary Skills ……………………………………..

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The Joy of Abstract Nouns …………………………………. Emotions and Feelings …………………………………….… Common Idioms …………………………………….………. Understanding Quantities ……………………………………. Mixed-up Quantities …………………………………….…... Family Matters (gap-fill) …………………………………….. Parts of a Sentence …………………………………….……. Adjectives and Synonyms …………………………………… Advanced Homophones ……………………………………... Onomatopoeia …………………………………….…………. Talking about the Weather …………………………………..

99 100 102 103 105 105 107 108 109 110 111


XV. Being Polite …………………………………….……...

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Good Advice …………………………………….…………...

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XVI. Research Skills …………………………………….…

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Quick Quiz …………………………………….……………. Alphabet Quiz …………………………………….………… Classic Books …………………………………….………….. An A-Z of English Slang Terms

118 120 123 126

XVII. Find the Mistakes …………………………………...

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XVIII. Answers …………………………………….……….

182

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I. BASIC SENTENCE PUNCTUATION

1. Write the sentences and add capital letters, full stops and question marks: 1. my sister’s name is Jackie __________________________________ 2. friday is my favourite day of the week __________________________________ 3. i like watching eastenders on bbc 1 __________________________________ 4. charles dickens was a famous writer he was born in portsmouth __________________________________ 5. lisa and chantal are going on holiday to portugal in may __________________________________ 6. did you go to school today __________________________________ 7. my new address is 248 normanton road in nottingham __________________________________ 8. when are you going to the hospital __________________________________ 9. my doctor is getting a new receptionist she’s called louise robson __________________________________ 10. ben and i are going to look round leicester grammar school on wednesday __________________________________

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2. Write the sentences and add capital letters, full stops and question marks: 1. how do I get to the library from here __________________________________ 2. the coach for london leaves in about half an hour __________________________________ 3. my birthday is in september i usually go out for a drink with my friends __________________________________ 4. what do you want for dinner tonight __________________________________ 5. birmingham is the second largest city in the uk __________________________________ 6. i’ll have a coke please and two packets of walkers crisps __________________________________ 7. if you need to see a consultant go to the derbyshire royal infirmary __________________________________ 8. mary poppins is my mum’s favourite film she likes julie Andrews __________________________________ 9. i drive a red fiat punto and my uncle drives a green bmw __________________________________ 10. i joined morton park golf club last week it was very expensive __________________________________ ď ą Using Capital Letters 3. Choose the words that should start with a capital letter, then write them out correctly: nice john school get england pizza 10


pizza hut single coconut chair monday new york trousers quickly january come sarah student king edward high school atlantic ocean fridge butter december french 4. Choose the words that should start with a capital letter, then write them out correctly: dress like hospital claire spain tomato ketchup five washing machine mount everest cupboard indian paris good easily august steven 11


went doctor doctor i p jones orange burger king wait manchester general hospital wednesday 5. Put capital letters in the right places in this text: my name is tim. i live in nottingham, which is a city in the uk. i live in a small detached house with my wife jenny, and our two children, lisa and james. i work at debenhams in nottingham, and i really enjoy my job. i am a sales manager for the sports clothing department. debenhams is the largest department store in nottingham and there are branches all over the uk. when i’m not at work i like to play tennis with my friend joe. he is much better than me, but i still enjoy it. at the weekends i sometimes take my family to manchester to visit jenny’s mum. she lives at pine view nursing home in a nice suburb of the city and has been there for about five years. she loves to see her grandchildren. james always tells her about what he is doing at school. james and lisa both go to the same school, mount street junior school. 6. Put capital letters in the right places in this text: hello, i’m jenny, tim’s wife. we have been married for almost eleven years. i met tim when we were both at university. i studied physics while tim studied business management. we graduated from cardiff university in 1989, and went to live in birmingham. we got married in 1993 at lincoln cathedral. i took a one-year post-graduate teaching course, then got a job teaching science at lincoln high school. we moved to nottingham in 1996 where lisa was born. i remember that she was a very fat baby, but a happy one! my mum helped us with looking after the baby in the first year, before she had to go into the nursing home in manchester. she wanted to move to a home in manchester because that is where my two older sisters and their families live. we go to visit often – when i can get tim to drive us 12


up there! i don’t drive. i took some lessons when i was a student in cardiff but i found driving on the roads quite frightening and gave up! perhaps one day i will try again. about two years after we had lisa, james was born. he was born at st.patrick’s hospital in nottingham. it seems like it was only last week. i can’t believe he’s already at school.  Full Stops 7. Add full stops to this text: My name is Tim I live in Nottingham, which is a city in the UK I live in a small detached house with my wife Jenny, and our two children, Lisa and James I work at Debenhams in Nottingham, and I really enjoy my job I am a sales manager for the sports clothing department Debenhams is the largest department store in Nottingham and there are branches all over the UK When I’m not at work I like to play tennis with my friend Joe He is much better than me, but I still enjoy it At the weekends I sometimes take my family to Manchester to visit Jenny’s mum She lives at Pine View Nursing Home in a nice suburb of the city and has been there for about five years She loves to see her grandchildren James always tells her about what he is doing at school James and Lisa both go to the same school, Mount Street Junior School 8. Add full stops to this text: Hello, I’m Jenny, Tim’s wife We have been married for almost eleven years I met Tim when we were both at university I studied Physics while Tim studied Business Management We graduated from Cardiff University in 1989, and went to live in Birmingham We got married in 1993 at Lincoln Cathedral I took a one-year post-graduate teaching course, then got a job teaching Science at Lincoln High School We moved to Nottingham in 1996 where Lisa was born I remember that she was a very fat baby, but a happy one! My mum helped us with looking after the baby in the first year, before she had to go into the nursing home in Manchester She wanted to move to a home in Manchester because that is where my two older sisters and 13


their families live We go to visit often – when I can get Tim to drive us up there! I don’t drive I took some lessons when I was a student in Cardiff but I found driving on the roads quite frightening and gave up! Perhaps one day I will try again About two years after we had Lisa, James was born He was born at St.Patrick’s hospital in Nottingham It seems like it was only last week I can’t believe he’s already at school

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II. SPELLING SKILLS

 100 Commonly Misspelled Words absence, accept, accidentally, acquit, address, already, amateur, analyse, apologise, apparent, apparently, appearance, appetite, appreciate, assassination, attached, attachment, believable, Caribbean, category, cemetery, changeable, chocolate, colonel, column, coming, deceive, decorate, definitely, development, disappear, discipline, discussion, dissatisfied, drunkenness, earring, eighth, embarrass, enough, government, grammar, guarantee, guerrilla, handkerchief, harass, height, heroes, humorous, hundred, hypocrisy, imagine, imitate, immediately, incidentally, independent, innocuous, inoculate, intelligence, lovely, millionaire, miniature, mischief, missile, moccasin, necessarily, niece, ninety, no, one, noticeable, occasion, occurrence, omission, opposite, parallel, parliament, pastime, perceive, pigeon, pleasant, possessive, precede, principal, (main), rescind, restaurant, rhythm, sandal, satellite, similar, stationary, (motionless), stationery, (pens,, etc.), stereo, succeeded, summary, supersede, surprise, temperature, whether, wholly, whose, wield  Be the Spell-checker Going on Holiday 1. Ever wanted to be a human spell-checker? Now’s your chance! Read the text below. There are twenty words spelt incorrectly. Find each one and write the correct spelling on a piece of paper: I’m going on holday to France in Argust with my famly. We are stayin on a new campsight for ten days. My bruther and sister will be comming, but my cousin can’t cos he is working. We’ll have to leeve erly to get the ferry – at about seven o’clok. There will be over one hunded and forty carvans there. 15


I’m looking forard to goin in the swiming pool because I love divving. It shud be a reelly good holeday. Shopping List 2. Read the text below. There are twenty words spelt incorrectly. Find each one and write the correct spelling on a piece of paper: Shopping List: Pasta sorce – tomatoe and mushrom Ice creem – vanila and stawberry Fruit – orangs, appuls, bananas, tangerines Meat – steaks, sosages and burgers for the barbecue on Saterday Brekfast cereals – corn flakes and musli Crisps and choclate cake (for Jack’s birthday on Firday) Cofee, tea, suger, orange and pinapple squash, lemonade, and cola Fresh vegtables – 2 bags of potatos, sweetcorn, carots, peas and salad Giving Directions 3. Read the text below. There are twenty words spelt incorrectly. Find each one and write the correct spelling:

"How do you get to the bank from here...?" " To get to the bank you nead to tirn left here then work for about 200 metes. Turn right onto Stockley Stret and you'l see the park on your left. Walk parst the main entrence to the park and turn rite into Bromley Avene. The bank is abbout 100 metre down Bromley Avenue. Its oppostite the post offise. It's not far from here – probaly about 15 minites if you walk quickley. Youd better hurry as I think it closes at five o’clock."

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School Days 4. Read the text below. There are twenty words spelt incorrectly. Find each one and write the correct spelling:

"When did you leave school?" "I left scool near/y fiteen years ago. My favuorite subjects was English, Franch and History. I enjoyed French becase it was intresting learning to speak a diferent langage and I had a good teecher. I didn't like Science or Maths because they were a bit harder and I didn like the teachers much. I’ll newer forget when our clas went on a trip to Franse. We stayed in Paris for for nihgts. It was the fast time I'd been abroud. My fiends and I had so mach fun!" A Letter to Aunt Monica 5. See if you can find all the spelling and punctuation mistakes in Sandy’s letter: 25th september 2004 cardiff, uK Dear aunt Monica Thank you very much fo your letter. It was greet to get a letter from you. I am really enjoying University life. i have made some good fiends allready – expecially helen and marcus. Helen is form Manchester and Marcus comes from liverpool. His accent is reelly wierd. yesterday we went to Cardiff to do som shoping. Everything is much more exspensive than back at home. – i miss Jamaica and of corse I miss You and my naughty little bruthers. Cardiff is a Big city – the capitul city of Wales. Wales is nex to Englund and a seperate country, but they are both part of the UK. It’s confusing, isn,t it? My course Is verry interesting.. i am leaning so much about the enviroment of this country. my Teachers are Good, accept I wish they would speek more slowly som of th time.,, I can’t always here everythng that they are saying. That’s Why I’m using a small tape 17


recorder to record every lecture8. Then I can listen to it in my Room as I stuidy. It’s really helps. Thank s for asking abot all my boyfrends !! No, – I haven,t met anone yet. I’m here to learn about the enviroment and practise my english, rathur than go out drinking in pubs and clubs with boys every night! I hope that i will fiind someone who shars my interests. Untill that time ; you will have to make do with me being a singl girl! With Lots of Love to you and my Darling bruthers Roger an Paul, and all my family and frends there. I will see You very soon. Hope I will hear from you soon Too.’ Your loving Niece, Sandy x x x x Seeing the Sights in London 6. Rearrange the anagrams below to find the names of twenty famous London sights: 1. HET DONLON YEE ________________________________ 2. HAKINGMBCU LACEPA ___________________________ 3. SHOESU FO LIMEANTPAR _________________________ 4. GBI ENB _________________________________________ 5. TS LAUP’S CHEDLATRA ___________________________ 6. NODOLN BGIDER _________________________________ 7. ROOLWATE BIRDEG ______________________________ 8. RODHASR _______________________________________ 9. FOXDOR RETEST _________________________________ 10. ILDYLPAICC CUSCIR ____________________________ 11. AGAFLRTRA EUQARS ___________________________ 12. YEHD APRK ____________________________________ 13. TS ESJAM’S KARP _______________________________ 14. ALNINOAT ARTEETH ____________________________ 15. NILATNAO TORRAPIT LEGALRY __________________ 16. VENTCO DARGEN _______________________________ 17. YALRO FALTESIV LALH _________________________ 18. BOGLE REHETAT ________________________________ 19. LNOSEN’S MUNCOL _____________________________ 20. LEESITERC QEUSAR _____________________________ 18


III. READING SKILLS

1. Find the best answer to each question or comment below: 1. Did you have a good flight? a) It was cheap. b) Terrible! c) A good way to travel. d) Yes, please. 2. Is this the way to the church? a) It’s near here. b) He knows the way. c) I often go here. d) I don’t think so. 3. I’m tired. a) It’s OK. b) So was I. c) It’s boring. d) Have a break. 4. Do you want to go out tonight? a) Yes, really. b) I’m not going. c) No, really. d) Not really. 5. How much sugar do you want in your coffee? a) So much. b) Not much. c) Too much. d) Little bit.

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