Page 1



Co-sponsored by the Office of Undergraduate Research and Fellowships and the Office of Advancement

Table of Contents Organizers and Contributors

page 4-5

Featured Panels

page 7

Video Showcase

page 19

Media, Arts, and Humanities

page 20

Social Sciences, Policy, and Practice

page 32

Natural, Behavioral, Health, and Data Sciences

page 38

Honors 190: Talking in the 21st Century

page 60

Welcome to the Virtual Showcase! A Letter from the Deputy Provost It is my great pleasure to present the inaugural Simmons University Virtual Showcase of Undergraduate Research and Creativity! The 16th annual Undergraduate Symposium — a day-long, on-campus event featuring student presentations in the arts, media, humanities, social sciences, policy and practice, and the natural, behavioral, health and data sciences - has been re-visioned to adapt to an evolving educational landscape precipitated by COVID-19. On Thursday, April 23, over 200 students, faculty, staff, and guests of Simmons came together to celebrate the work of our most distinguished undergraduate scholars, who presented their research in a series of live, interactive virtual panels. In addition to live presentations, we are pleased to present a collection of 73 videos created by undergraduate scholars across all years and disciplines. In the past year, we have witnessed the tre-

Congratulations to the students, faculty, and

mendous success of our undergraduates. Over

staff who made this year’s virtual showcase

100 students participated in on-campus research

possible! May these examples of student-driven

initiatives such as SCARP, SURPASs, the REU

work, intellectual curiosity, experiential learning,

Program in Synthetic Biology, faculty apprentice-

student-faculty collaboration, and public engage-

ships, and Simmons World Challenge. Students

ment strengthen our connection to one another

presented at international conferences, and a

and inspire ongoing conversation.

record-number of applications were submitted to nationally competitive awards, including the Fulbright U.S. Student Program. This year also saw the launch of the university’s pilot Passionate Leaders Project, which awarded up to $4,000 to students seeking to enrich their academic and professional interests through immersive engagement in learning opportunities beyond the boundaries of the classroom.

Catherine M. Paden, PhD Deputy Provost


Organizers Office of Undergraduate Research and Fellowships The Office of Undergraduate Research and Fellowships (URF) is committed to supporting the intellectual curiosity, creativity and scholarly development of Simmons students. We work closely with students to locate research and funding opportunities, fellowships, and faculty mentors to advance their major, academic and career goals. Office of Undergraduate Research and Fellowships Center for Student Success 2 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Ground Floor Boston, MA 02115

Nakeisha M. Cody, PhD Assistant Provost, Director of Undergraduate Research and Fellowships Jaime Libowitz Operations Manager, Undergraduate Programs Rachel Oshinsky, M.Ed. Administrative Assistant, Undergraduate Programs Martha Whitmore Undergrad. Symposium Print & Web Designer

Contributors Anna Aguilera

Brendan Hughes

Associate Professor, Biology

Senior Director, Brand & Creative Services

Abel Djassi Amado

Valerie Leiter

Assistant Professor, Political Science &

Professor & Chair, Sociology & Public Health

International Relations Cathryn Mercier Judith Aronson

Professor & Chair, Children’s Literature

Professor, Communications Alessandra Morgan Shreya Bhattacharyya

Assistant Director, Brand & Creative Services

Lecturer, Chemistry & Physics Helen Popinchalk Mary Delaney

Assistant Professor, Trustman Gallery Director,

Content Manager & Strategist

University Art Collection Curator

Leanne Doherty

Kate Smith

Associate Professor & Chair, Political Science

Senior Multimedia Producer

& International Relations Sara Squeglia Lydia Fash

Associate Director, Undergraduate Advising

Assistant Professor, English Mary Struzska-Tyamayev Valerie Geary

Director, Center for Global Education

Coordinator, Honors Program Amber Stubbs Viktor Grigoryan

Assistant Professor, Computer Science

Assistant Professor, Mathematics Rich Gurney Professor & Co-Chair, Chemistry & Physics



On Thursday, April 23, students presented their projects in a On Thursday, April 23, students their projectsofinover a series of live, interactive panelspresented to a virtual audience series of live,faculty, interactive to a virtual audience of over 200 students, staff,panels and guests of Simmons. From senior 200 students, faculty, staff, and guests of Simmons. From capstones, independent research projects, and interdisciplinary senior across capstones, projects, investigation and interdesign the independent disciplines, toresearch a collaborative disciplinary across the disciplines, to a collaborative into the city’sdesign historical archives and the intensive evaluation investigation into the city’s historical archives and the intenof a health equity training at a local healthcare center, these sive evaluation of a health training a local healthcare presentations highlight the equity year-long workatof Simmons’ most center, these presentations highlight the year-long work of distinguished undergraduate scholars. Simmons’ most distinguished undergraduate scholars.


Keynote Speakers

Jenna Guglielmo ‘20

physiological effects. CBD products are one of the

Major: Biochemistry

most widely available, unregulated substances

Faculty Mentor: Shreya Bhattacharyya and

that are on the market today. With that, most prod-

Ahmed Radwan

ucts that are marketed claim that they are 100% free of the psychoactive component, THC. How can

Elucidating the Behavior of Cannabidiol (CBD)

we be so sure that these products are pure if they

with other Cannabinoid Derivatives using Spec-

are unregulated, and how can we know if CBD is

troscopic Analysis and Biological Assays to

medically useful if there has been limited studies

Demonstrate the Efficacy of CBD

on the compound itself? The field of interest in this study is to understand the behavior of CBD in

The Cannabis sativa plant contains over 100 active

different environments such as pH and tempera-

compounds that can be extracted from the plant.

ture. This study is also in parallel with a biologi-

These analogs are better known as a class of com-

cal model to demonstrate the efficacy of CBD on

pounds called cannabinoids. Cannabidiol (CBD) is

wound-healing in cells. It has been hypothesized

one of the two most recognized cannabinoids and

that under certain conditions, CBD can convert to

is known to the general public as the non-psy-

it’s psychoactive form, THC due to similarities in

choactive component of cannabis. CBD has been

structure. This project aims to focus on the rate at

claimed to treat a wide range of medical ailments

which CBD behaves on a chemical and biological

ranging from seizures to tumors. The other nota-

level by monitoring changes using a wide-range of

ble cannabinoid is Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC),

techniques. The significance of the study is to ex-

which is known as the psychoactive component in

pand the knowledge of CBD as well as fill in the

the plant. These two compounds are almost iden-

missing gaps in research.

tical in structure, yet they have completely binary

Kalamakaleimahoehoe Porter ‘20

of Statistics. In addition, interviews were conduct-

Major: Environmental Science (Biology Track)

ed to gain indigenous Samoan perspectives on

Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera

the importance of coral reefs in their communities. Findings include statistical patterns between

We Are All Alive: Understanding Connections Be-

the socioeconomic factors of population demo-

tween People and Coral Reefs in Samoa

graphics, unemployment rates, education, and improved water, waste, and sanitation facilities

Samoa is a small island developing state located

and the environmental indicators of prevalence

in the South Pacific that is surrounded by coral

of plastic, percentage cover of living coral, par-

reefs. Because of its isolation and limited resourc-

rotfish population size, and fish species richness.

es, inadequate research has been done there on

The ecological assessment showed that Palolo

the quality and importance of the coral reefs pres-

Deep was by far the healthiest reef. Interview re-

ent. To increase the present knowledge base, this

sponses indicate that Samoans care about coral

work seeks to incorporate ecological research

reefs for a variety of reasons, which may be part

methods, socioeconomic data analysis, and local

of what makes certain reefs healthier, connecting

story collection into one understanding of coral

people and reefs into one codependent system.

reefs on the most densely populated island in Samoa, Upolu. Data was collected in spring 2019 through on-site fieldwork that utilized transects and timed dives to assess four reef health indicators at four sites (Palolo Deep, Lefaga/Savaia, Amaile, and the Aga Reef Resort). Socio-economic indicators were sourced from the Samoa Bureau


Keynote Speakers

Lillian Thorne ‘20

such Jane Addams and Lillian Wald. I explore how

Major: History and Political Science

settlement houses built queer spaces, and how

Faculty Mentor: Laura Prieto

working class women had access to these spaces in addition to their middle class peers. Further,

“Who Kindly Greet Me Home”: Queer and Gen-

I analyze how settlement houses built women’s

dered Spaces in Settlement Houses, 1890-1930

only spaces for working class women, in an era of exclusivity where no others existed.

This project reflects upon the creation of commu-

   The project interrogates queerness in a time

nity space in settlement houses, particularly for

before sexuality was used as an identity category.

working class women; these were institutions

Therefore, it demands a reading of the silences

usually created by women in the late nineteenth

in the records, because people simply would not

and early twentieth century with the purpose

write explicitly about queer relationships or ac-

of providing programming and safe lodging for

tivity. I must reckon with both what is present in

mostly immigrant and working class populations.

the document, and what is purposefully absent.

Building on the work of scholars like Estelle B.

An analysis of women’s clubs, drama programs,

Freedman and Sarah Deutch on gender and sex-

and summer camps reveals both the presences

uality, and Mina Carson and Allen Freeman Davis

and the silences in settlement house archives. Ul-

on the history of settlements, my project studies

timately, I argue that settlement houses provided

how class status intersected with gender and

nurturing queer spaces to varying degrees de-

sexuality in the context of settlement houses in

pending on the location and staffing, but certainly

Boston and New York City, particularly at Denison

served as pioneering women’s centered spaces.

House and Henry Street House. Queer histories already include the founders of these institutions,


3D Award Speakers The award acknowledges exemplary student work in Design Across Diverse Disciplines (3D), which enables students to create, design and propose a cluster of three courses that will address a topic, problem or issue from various disciplinary perspectives. of people are unjustly affected by illnesses due to their socioeconomic status, immigration status, gender, or race. Through the Internship at the Dimock Center she hopes to gain first-hand experience on how the center works to foster a healthy community by creating equitable access to healthcare and education. As a resident of Boston, Shauntina has had first-hand encounters with health disparities within her community, but she has never had the opportunity to see how these disparities are being combatted. Through her 3D project, she will be able to cohesively intersect ideas from three different disciplines to gain a better understanding of “Racial Health Disparities Shauntina Powell ‘21 Major: Biochemistry (Pre-med track)

in Boston.” Shauntina Powell is a third year Biochemistry

3D Award: Inclusive Excellence

major on the Pre-Med track. She is the PR Chair

3D Project: Racial Health Disparities in Boston

for the Pre-Health Liaison and SGA Representative for the Commuter Student Organization

Shauntina’s 3D project incorporates ideas and

here on campus. Over the summer she had the

concepts from the following courses: Baltimore

opportunity to partake in the Summer Health

& Boston: Urban Medical Communities, Health,

Professions Education Program (SHPEP) at Co-

Illness & Society, and an Internship at the Dimock

lumbia University. She has participated in various

Center to gain a better understanding of health

Simmons University programs such as Simmons

disparities in cities, particularly in Boston. The Ur-

World Challenge: Argentina during her sopho-

ban Medical Communities course gave her insight

more year, and the Pre-Med Scholar Program in

on the experience of African-Americans within Ur-

partnership with Beth Israel Deaconess Medical

ban Medical Communities such as Baltimore and

Center. Shauntina is planning to pursue a Mas-

Boston. The Health Illness & Society course pro-

ters in Public Health after graduation, followed

vided her with more information on public health

by Medical School. Ultimately, Shauntina hopes to

and how illnesses, both infectious and chronic,

become a physician that provides equitable health

impact society. During this course, she was able

care to all of her future patients.

to expand her knowledge on how certain groups

three different passions: travel, business, and dance. The three courses that make up her 3D plan are: Health Care: A System’s Perspective at the University College of Dublin in Ireland; Organization, Communication, and Behavior; and Barres and Ballet. During a study abroad course in Ireland, Cristina learned and compared the different health care systems in Europe and the United States. In Organization, Communication, and Behavior, she was able to integrate and utilize the skills learned in business to the healthcare profession. Finally, nursing is both an art and a science, and the course Barres and Ballet highlights the delicate Cristina Samaniego ‘20

balance necessary in maintaining this homeo-

Major: Nursing

stasis. These three distinctions enrich Cristina’s

3D Award: Innovation

practice as they allow her to develop an innova-

3D Project: Cristina’s Keys to Success

tive skillset. Cristina strives to think outside of the nursing bubble and foster different passions

Cristina Samaniego is a senior from Avon, Con-

to build upon life skills that will aid her in success.

necticut, majoring in nursing, with a minor in business management. She is a Dotson Scholar and athlete on the Simmons Dive team, and president of ALANA Nursing. Cristina chose to study nursing because she wanted a rewarding career that will allow her to help people. She was attracted to the patient-centered focus on care that is the foundation of nursing practice. Cristina’s Keys to Success offers a new twist on a nursing major’s path at Simmons University. Cristina combines unique classes with the traditional nursing track to foster her interests and enrich her nursing practice. Her 3D plan weaves


3D Award Speakers This 3D project develops an understanding of the factors that increase the risk of substance abuse disorders, as well as social inequalities relating to drug use. The Opioid Crisis illustrates a public health issue where even legal/prescription (not just stereotypically illegal) drugs can be abused. Society unfairly punishes and degrades those who suffer from drug addictions. It does not take into account the many factors that must be addressed and that may play a role in drug addiction, such as poverty, mental illness, and painful psychological or physiological withdrawal symptoms. In addition, Irene hopes to learn more about how we as a country and society can Irene Nguyen, Class of 2021

help and treat those who are afflicted with sub-

Major: Neuroscience and Behavior

stance abuse disorders, including more humane

3D Award: Community-Oriented

approaches from the government.

3D Project: Understanding Drug Addiction in Our Society

Irene Nguyen is currently a junior at Simmons University, majoring in Neuroscience and Behavior (Neurobiology) on the premedical track. Irene,

Irene’s 3D project weaves together CHEM345

along with her peers, co-founded the Commut-

(Biochemistry), PSYCH244 (Drugs and Behav-

er Student Organization (CSO). She is the event

ior) and SOC101 (Principles of Sociology). These

chair for the CSO, responsible for organizing and

courses entail themes of public health, social

preparing the organization’s numerous events

injustice, medicine, and science.


and activities. Additionally, Irene enjoys volun-

provides information on the function, mechanism,

teering at Boston Children’s Hospital, as well as

and structure of molecules or compounds, which

assisting with neuroscience research in Dr. Eric

are the composition of many natural and synthet-

Luth’s lab. She is passionate about topics relat-

ic drugs. In addition, knowledge in biochemistry

ing to neuroscience, mental illness advocacy, re-

is pertinent in pharmacology. Drugs & Behavior

search, and healthcare, including health equity.

further explores how the drugs react mechanisti-

Irene enjoys reading, drawing, and visiting new

cally in the nervous system, as well how the body

places with friends.

processes the drug and what effects the drug has on the body. Finally, Irene’s 3D offers knowledge on the effects of both legal and illicit drugs. Principles of Sociology examines this topic on a more global or societal level.

tigate and identify global health inequities, she chose Socially Minded Leadership as her third class in the cluster as the themes explored in this course aim to yield answers for how to respond to said global health issues. Socially Minded Leadership provides students with leadership tools that can be used to address environmental and public health issues in a socially responsible way. Molly Skeffington is a third year student at Simmons University, double-majoring in Public Health and Environmental Science. Molly hails from the coast of Maine and feels very lucky to have grown up in a place that gave her a love and an appreciation of the environment. She began Molly Skeffington, Class of 2021

to understand the severity of what the Earth was

Major: Public Health and Environmental Science

facing in terms of climate change at a young age,

3D Award: Global

while in elementary school. Molly hopes to com-

3D Project: Responding Responsibly to a Changing

bine her passions for health equity and environ-


mental conservation in her career after Simmons.

Molly’s 3D project includes MGMT 224 (Socially Minded Leadership), SOCI 245 (Global Health), and NUTR 150 (International Nutrition Issues). She is passionate about Public Health and Environmental Science, and strongly believes that environmental issues, such as climate change and issues pertaining to public health, are interconnected. Environmental problems anywhere impact people’s ability to live a viable life. Her 3D courses explore these connections, seeking to understand some of the predominant public health problems not just in the United States, but globally as well (Global Health). International Nutrition Issues investigates issues such as hunger, and malnutrition, seeking to understand how a changing climate may change what food people have access to. While the previous two courses inves-


Featured Panels Health Equity: Lessons From a Structural Racism Training Presenters: Alexis Agiliga, Maude Elovitz, Fiona Harms, Sophie Hill, Sunnie Hodge, Julia Lyberger, Julia Waldron, Anna Zhang. Moderated by: Valerie Leiter, Professor of Sociology, Chair of Public Health. Racism is a major driver of health inequities in the U.S. This panel presents findings from a mixed methods evaluation of a racism and health equity training that is conducted monthly by the Southern Jamaica Plain Health Center. Using data from surveys and in-person interviews, participants’ experiences are explored, as are issues that the Center may wish to pursue in future training sessions.

Introduction to Public Histories: Scholarship and Community-Building Presenters: Noah Cabral, Sarah Carlon, Lavender Martin, Madeline Short, Jordan Ziese. Moderated by: Laura Prieto, Professor of History and Women’s and Gender Studies, Alumni Chair in Public Humanities. Simmons history students have conducted collaborative research in the archival papers of Eva Whiting White, a social work pioneer and Simmons student, professor, and dean who was the head worker at the Elizabeth Peabody House (EPH). This original scholarship will culminate in a series of exhibits at Simmons, the West End Museum, and a digital site, centered around the theme “Learned from our Neighbors.” The exhibits will present everyday life and the individual stories of those who spent time at the EPH during the 1920-1930s. This panel introduces the process of scholarship, as well as outcomes and the importance of practicing public humanities. Presenters will discuss the real-time practice of crafting historical narratives, the necessity of collaboration, and the unique project of crafting an exhibit for different audiences.



The Symposium is a time-honored tradition that acknowledges and celebrates The Symposium is a time-honored that recognizes undergraduate scholarship. Studentstradition share their work, oftenand the celebrates culmination Students share their work, culmination ofundergraduate a semester or scholarship. year-long engagement in a project, withoften theirthe peers, faculty, of a semester or year-long engagement in a project, with their peers, faculty, staff, supervisors, family and friends, and other members of the communisupervisors, family and friends, anda other of the community. ty.staff, In addition, the Symposium provides forummembers for further exploration andIn addition, the Symposium forumcontext. for further exploration and discusdiscussion of various topicsprovides within aalarger sion various topics withinlimitations a larger context. In of spite of the physical imposed by COVID-19, over 200 stuIn spite of the physical limitations imposed by current 213 and dents in the arts, media, humanities, social sciences, policyprovisions, and practice, students the arts, media, humanities, social sciences, policy and practice, the natural,inbehavioral, health, and data sciences, exhibited their work in the and the natural, behavioral, health, and dataresearch sciences,and submitted their work inaugural video showcase of undergraduate creativity. This ex-to be exhibited in the inaugural video showcase of undergraduate research hibition is a testimony to the resilience, creativity, and resourcefulness of and the creativity. This exhibit is a testimony to the resilience, creativity, and resourceSimmons undergraduate student body. fulness of the Simmons undergraduate student body.

Visit to view Visit to view the video exhibit. the full video exhibit. 19

Video Showcase

Graphic Design Exhibit 2019–2

The Visual Vo

(left) Manjing Li (top right) Kelly Phan (bottom right) Juli Gamba

Edel R


oice of

This exhibit highlights the four main courses in the Graphic Design concentration, plus one elective. Through hand sketches, computer drafts, and class critiques, students learn about design principles, their numerous applications, and the iterative, concept-driven process for defining and solving design problems. As students progress, they learn the intricacies of typography, information and expressive design for print and the screen. Their final projects include books, posters, zines, logos, branding, stamps, magazines, websites and apps for mobile devices. Curated by the Simmons University Department of Communications. Video produced by Luke Romanak, Department of Communications Lab Manager, Bridget Fong ‘21, Olivia Hart ‘20, Haley Rosenthal ‘20, and Emma Gottschalk ‘20.



Featured Courses: Comm 210 Introduction to Graphic Design (Josh Duttweiler) Comm 240 Intermediate Graphic Design I: Typography (Judith Aronson) Comm 246 Digital Imaging for Design (Josh Duttweiler) Comm 248 Intermediate Graphic Design II: Type & Image (Judith Aronson) Comm 340 Advanced Design (Judith Aronson) Featured Students: Bridget Fong ‘21 | Carly Dickler ‘20 | Caroline Smith ‘20 | Caroline Wirawa (Massachusetts College of Art & Design) | Clara Carleton ‘20 | Emma Gottschalk ‘20 | Emma Saulnier ‘20 | Gabby Paiva ‘21 | Güiro Prieto ‘21 Haley Jean ‘22 | Haley Rosenthal ‘20 | Isabelle Langley ‘22 | Jessie Andrew ‘20 | Julia Hansen ‘20 | Juliana Gamba ‘20 | Julie Schochet ‘20 | Katelyn Kalliel ‘20 | Kelly Phan ‘21 | Krystianna Pietrzak ‘20 | Libby Giannechini ‘20 Lila Ottinger ‘21 | Manjing Li | Olivia Hart ‘20 | Rayah Naji ‘20 | Regan Billings Pearce ‘20 | Riley Sampson ‘21 | Yasmeen Ibrahim ‘22 | Yasmine Ebeed ‘20


Video Showcase

Graphic Design Exhibit 2019–2

h i p hop e vo l u “

real g’s move in silence l

Are The Soundclash Contest gives birth to the concept of DJ battling.

Major Milestone

1 95 0

Reco The R go on of br


Major Beef

Major Deal


Earl Tucker (aka Snake Hips)

History Making Song /Album

Rest in Peace

umbra History and Technical Details

Type Designer Robert Hunter Middleton (May 6, 1898 – August 3, 1985) was an American book designer, painter, and type designer. Born in Glasgow, Scotland he came to Chicago in 1908 where he studied at the School of the Art Institute. He joined the design department of the Ludlow Typograph Company in 1923 and served as director of the department of typeface design from 1933 to 1971. A Ludlow Typograph is a hot metal typesetting system used in letterpress printing. The device casts bars, or slugs of type, out of type metal primarily consisting of lead. These slugs are used for the actual printing, and then are melted down and recycled on the spot. Ludlow faces were proprietary and Middleton was the creator of several notable font designs. In 1968 Middleton was awarded the TDC Medal, the award from the Type Directors Club presented to those “who have made lot of contributions to the life, art, and craft of typography.” He designed more than 80 typefaces, although many have not been digitized as of right now.

abcdefghijklm nopqrstuvwxyz 0123456789.,!?&


Umbra was originally designed to be a second-color drop-shadow for the typeface Tempo, but it now stands alone as an unusual display face. Tempo is Ludlow’s answer to the sans serifs which gained popularity in the late 1920s. The entire series was designed by Middleton, who was director of Ludlow’s department of typeface design. They are generally a little different from other sans serifs, and include some innovations not found elsewhere. The most distinctive characteristics are found in the Light Italic and Medium Italic, which have a somewhat more calligraphic feeling and less stiff formality than other such typefaces, and which also offer alternate cursive capitals, rare in sans serifs. Umbra was designed by Middleton for Ludlow in 1932. It is essentially a shadow version of Tempo Light, in which the basic letter is “invisible” but there is a strong shadow to the lower right of each stroke.

Robert Hunter Middleton

essence and Usage

(left two) Lila Ottinger (right) Katelyn Kalliel

The name Umbra refers to its shadow effect, in which the actual letter shape consists of negative space and is defined solely by its black dimensional shadow. It is based on the font Tempo Light. One example of Umbra being used is on the cover of the book The Philosophy of Literary Form (1974) by Kenneth Burke.

Kennth Burke’s cover using Umbra

Incorporates floats and slides into his dance. Similar moves would later inspire an element of hip hop culture known as breakdancing.


James Bro Records 2 songs: Sex Machines and Funky Drummer.


ut ion

like lasagna — Lil Wayne


Russell Simmons and Rick Rubin launch

“ Sugarhill Gang’s

etha Franklin

ords Rock Steady. Rock Steady crew n to rule in the world reakdancing.

DJ Lovebug Starski Is the first to refer to the culture as

hip hop

The Mercedes Ladies Are the earliest of the female DJ’s & MC’s.


Are the first hip hop group to perform on national television.

“Rapper's Delight” becomes the first known rap hit, reaching No. 36 on Billboard.

Is fatally wounded.

Tupac & Notorious B.I.G. have one of

the most legendary and saddest feuds of all time.

Queen Latifah

Michael Jackson

The Funky 4 Plus One

4 ke y e l e m e n t s

The Notorious B.I.G.

Signs a deal with Death Row Records.


Pioneers the gangsta rap movement with Straight Outta Compton.

The Beastie Boys Are formed.

Does the moonwalk at the Grammys, borrowing b-boy dance elements from Los Angeles breakers.

East Coast vs. West Coast feud slowly begins.


Snoop Dogg

Signs to Death Row Records.

Wins a Grammy award in the "Best Rap Solo Performance" category for her hit “Unity.”


1 995



is a subgenre of hip hop as it is categorized under MCing. The Grammys for the Hip Hop category include R&B and Rap subcategories.

Releases “Supa Dupa Fly” and redefines hip hop.


1 984


Sells 1.76 million copies of Marshall Mathers LP in its first week.



Grand Master Flash


Is the first hip hop artist inducted to the hall of fame.

1 974


Nicki Minaj

Ushers in a New Era of Women in Hip-Hop with ‘Pink Friday’.


Cardi B


Becomes the first rapper to headline Wembley Stadium.

Becomes the second female rapper to top the ‘Billboard’ Hot 100 with “Bodak Yellow.”


201 7

ea s t coa s t vs wes t co a s t The Wu Tang Clan revived the East Coast rap game in 1993 followed by Nas’ Illmatic release in 1994. This was the peak of the East vs. West Coast feud. Tupac, the biggest name in rap, was on the East. After being shot in 1994, Tupac blamed Notorious B.I.G and Diddy. Following this, Suge Knight signed Tupac to Death Row Records moving Tupac to the West Coast. Some of the best albums came out of this feud. The feud came to an end once both B.I.G and Tupac were fatally shot.

east Coast rap

west Coast rap

Bronx, New York

Compton, California

Synthesizers, sequencer, turntables, sampler, bass, piano, and beatboxing

Rolling bass, drum machine, rapping, sampler, and synthesizer

Multi-syllabic rhymes, complex wordplay, freeflowing delivery, and intricate metaphors. Motivated by poverty & crime enviornments and social & political issues

Hard hitting and aggressive lyrics. Motivated by drugs, gang violence, and police brutality


Notorious B.I.G, Diddy, Nas, The Wu-Tang Clan, Jay-Z, and Beastie Boys

Ice-T, N.W.A, Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, Eazy-E, and Snoop Dogg


Features jazz samples; a uniform & lyrical sound and style, aggressive beats and sample collages

Features funk samples; laid back, musical sound

birt hp l ace instruments

200 9

19 7 5



Is the first rapper to appear on national television. He performs The Breaks on Soul Train.

Ice T

Helps pioneer gangsta rap in the west coast with his rapcore singles “Body Rock" and "Killers."

Is the first rapper to sign a major record deal.

The Beastie Boys Release "Licensed to Ill" on Def Jam (executive produced by Rick Rubin).

2011 Lil’ B

Releases I’m Gay (I’m Happy) Album.

201 5

Hamilton Brings hip-hop on Broadway.

201 8


Black Panther

Soundtrack Brings Superheroes into the Hip Hop Era.

Signal a Major Shift Towards Atlanta With 'Get Low.'



Sells four million copies of his debut The Slim Shady LP.



Tupac Shakur (aka 2Pac)

Joins Digital Underground as a dancer and a roadie.


201 8 consu m p t ion bre a kdow n by genre


Song Sales

Is fatally wounded on September 7.




Launches Bad Boy records.



New Age








New Age


Pop R&B

ra p p e r s ’ n e t w o r t h


Hip Hop/Rap Reggae

ns mo 800 Million




New Age


8.7% 4.7% 1.0% 5.8%

19.4% 11%

Hip Hop/Rap Reggae 26.5%




Pop R&B

7.3% 5.2% .6%

Rock World



R&B Hip Hop/Rap

EDM Latin


Stage & Screen




2.7% 1.5%


Reggae 15.1%





26.9% .9%

Rock Stage & Screen World

13.7% 1.9% 1.3%

in e


e ll

s im 855 Million

14.7% .9%

Rock Stage & Screen



re 1 Billion


Audio Streams




EDM Jazz

Album Sales Children’s




Kurtis Blow

Kurtis Blow


Invents the scratch.

Is officially coined a term by the music industry.



DJ Grand Wizard Theodore

rap music

Signs to Young Money.

Lil Jon & the East Side Boyz


Form the first MC Team: Kool Herc & The Herculoids.


200 2 1978

d id

DJ Kool Herc, Coke LA Rock, & Clark Kent

y -z

DJ Kool Herc

Djs his first block party in Bronx, New York. Used the term “BBoys” to describe block party breakdancers.




elements: MCing, DJing, Break dancing, and Graffiti. Hip hop is not equivalent to rap. Rap



break dancing

Hip Hop is not a musical genre but rather a cultural movement characterized by four

Missy Misdemeanor Elliott

340 Million

225 Million


Video Showcase

Studio Art Exhibit 2019–2020

The spring studio exhibit highlights the work of Simmons University undergraduate studio art students. From drawing and painting to printmaking and photography, the virtual exhibit captures works made before and after our studios went “remote.” Curated and produced by the Department of Art and Music. Featured Courses: Art 111: Draw What You See (Colleen Kiely, Michael Zachary) | Art 112: Color Studio (Colleen Kiely) | Art 112: Color Studio (Gupi Ranganathan) | Art 119: Sculpture (Michael Zachary) | Art 121: Artist’s Books (Helen Popinchalk) | Art 138: The Poetry of Photography (Edie Bresler) | Art 139: Color Photography (Rosemary Engstrom, Edie Bresler) | Art 220: Photo Screen Printing (Helen Popinchalk) | Art 221: About Face (Colleen Kiely) | Art 239: Documentary: Art of the Real (Edie Bresler) | Art 350: Independent Study (Colleen Kiely) Featured Students: Abby Bowman ‘20 | Adriana Gutierrez ‘23 | Aisha Diallo ‘20 | Alaina Villanueva ‘21 | Alex Lallensack ‘22 | Allison Camboulives ‘21 | Amelia Wilson ‘23 | Anastasia Korolev ‘21 | Anna Aordkian ‘23 | Annika Kozlowski ‘23 | Ashleigh Stone ‘23 | Ashley Goldin ‘21 | Caitlin Anderson ‘21 | Caroline Granitur ‘20 | Caroline Wilson ‘22 | Casandra Masters ‘21 | Celia Speth ‘21 | Cherry Isaksen ‘20 | Cheyenna Forsee ‘20 | Chloe Barber ‘22 | Chloe Feuerstein ‘20 | Christina Jang ‘22 | Clarissa Van Sickell ‘23 | Devin Guild ‘20 | Elena Dickey ‘21 | Elizabeth Arvanitis ‘21 | Elizabeth Boundy ‘20 | Elle Spurr ‘21 | Emily Doiron ‘23 | Emily Niemi ‘22 | Emily Robinson ‘20 | Emma Formosi ‘20 | Emma Gottschalk ‘20 | Erin Buck ‘22 | Eva Taylor ‘21 | Faiza Akther ‘22 | Frances Humphrey ‘20 | Gabbie Permatteo ‘23 | Gabby Paiva ‘21 | Gillian Buckley ‘20 | Ginger Blackburn ‘23 | Gwen Ozols-Remmetter ‘20 | Hadley Way ‘22 | Haley Jean ‘22 | Hannah Parlman ‘20 | Hannah Rice ‘21 | Haoxuan Jin (Wentworth) | Hope (top left) Sangha Kang-Le (top right) Qualia Finelli (bottom) Riana Pozsgai

Pollard ‘23 | Isabelle Indelicato ‘21 | Jennifer Tappero ‘20 | Jessica Chin ‘21 | Jeyki Cabrejos ‘23 | Jordan Mooney ‘23 | Jordan Ziese ‘21 | Josephine Lee ‘22 | Julia Eramo ‘23 | Julia Lydon ‘20 | Katelyn Kalliel ‘20 | Katie Lawson ‘20 |


Video Showcase

Studio Art Exhibit 2019–2020

Featured Students (cont’d): Katie McCarver ‘20 | Katie Sheehan ‘20 | Kaylie Turrell ‘22 | Kelsey Benedict ‘22 | Kendra Turton-Jones ‘22 | Kennedy Smith ‘20 | Krystianna Pietrzak ‘20 | Lina Dai ‘22 | Ling Soucy ‘21 | Lucia Escobar ‘23 | Madeline Martin ‘21 | Mae Blackwell ‘22 | Maggie Fernald ‘20 | Manal Khalil ‘20 | Manraj Bimrah ‘21 | Maria Dunn ‘23 | Mariana Garcia ‘20 | Mary Buonanno ‘20 | Mavis Reardon ‘21 | Maya Friedrich ‘21 | Meg Driscoll ‘23 | Meimei Zhang ‘23 | Melody Tuan ‘22 | Michelle Lemieux ‘21 | Natalie Dickinson ‘21 | Natash Caquias ‘20 | Nell Spencer ‘21 | Olivia Bane ‘21 | Olivia Bozuhoski ‘23 | Olivia Cresta ‘21 | Olivia Nicolazzo ‘23 | Olivia Walz ‘20 | Qualia Finelli ‘20 | Rachel Most ‘22 | Rebecca Ramsey ‘20 | Regan Billings Pearce ‘20 | Renuka Rajiv ‘20 | Riana Pozsgai ‘20 | Ruby Kennedy ‘21 | Sangha Kang Le ‘21 | Sara Luttenbacher ‘22 | Sarah Darer ‘21 | Sarah Royer ‘23 | Shania Ambros ‘22 | Skylar Preston-White ‘22 | Stacy Vele ‘20 | Steffi Gaehde ‘21 | Susanna Donkor ‘21 | Taina Zegarra ‘23 | Tasha Garland ‘20 | Valerie Accime (Emmanuel) | Veronica Chan ‘23 | Yasmeen Ibrahim ‘22 | Zuzanna Polska ‘23

(top left) Kendra Turton (top right) Emily Niemi (bottom) Aisha Diallo


Video Showcase

Media, Arts, and Humanities Juliana Gamba, ‘20

theorists Susan Bassnett and Homi Bhabha,

Major: Communications

queer Latinx theorists Gloria Anzaldúa and José

Faculty Mentor: Briana Martino

Muñoz, and my own practice in having created

Project: Gained in Translation: Adapting Félix

a bilingual, translated screenplay adapted from

Guattari’s A Love of UIQ to reflected Latinx

Guattari’s text. I discuss the theory and practice


of cultural translation and its potential to bridge the scholarly gap between Guattari’s gender pro-

French philosopher Félix Guattari’s science-fic-

to-politics and Latinx postcolonial theory, open

tion screenplay, A Love of UIQ, tells the story of

avenues of identification for underrepresented

the encounter between a community of squatters

communities, and deconstruct the inherently

and an infra-cellular alien intelligence—UIQ—a

eurocentric capture of gender and socialization

hyper-intelligent being with an indeterminate

within Guattari’s original text.

form, language, or gender, capable of disrupting global communication networks. The narrative,

Libby Giannechini, ‘20

which outlines the progression of UIQ’s social-

Major: Arts Administration, Applied Music

ization as he interacts with his human hosts, acts

Faculty Mentor: Gregory Slowik

as a vessel for Guattari’s theories on gender so-

Project: Musical Storytelling in the Tone Poems

cialization and the mediation of binary identities

of Richard Strauss

via technology. This paper foregrounds A Love of UIQ by ex-

The tone poem, or symphonic poem, is an or-

ploring the meanings that can be gained through

chestral work composed to fit a certain theme,

cultural translation, specifically the cultural

be it a pre-existing poem, story, or a depiction of

translation of Guattari’s text to reflect a post-

another subject. Beginning in the 1880s, Richard

colonial Latinx consciousness. How does the

Strauss began a rise to prominence as a compos-

meaning of a text that is heavily reliant on the

er of tone poems, beginning with his Don Juan,

social constructions of gender shift when trans-

Op. 20 in 1889. The piece follows the exploits

lated into languages that carry their own cultural

of Don Juan, a fictional libertine who seduces

notions of gender and methods of socialization?

woman after woman, leaving a wake of destruc-

How can the gender theory within Guattari’s text

tion in his path. Strauss reinterprets the story,

be translated in order to specifically reflect the

as told by poet Nikolaus Lenau, through instru-

opposing social forces that influence the social-

mentation, using specific themes and motifs to

ization of the postcolonial Latinx subject? To

represent characters and events. Also notable

address these questions, I reference translation

is Strauss’ last tone poem, Eine Alpensinfonie,

Op. 64, which chronicles a hike in the alps from

en in both novels use the concept of “remember-

dawn to dusk. As they climb, the hikers pass

ing to forget” to renegotiate the pain of maternal

through a lush meadow, reach the summit, and

loss, sexual violence and oppressive heterosexu-

even get trapped in a storm, and all of this is

al norms (Rubin). I start by addressing the ways

depicted through the music. Although there is

Caithleen reenacts her own trauma and that of

a great difference between a retelling of an old

her mother’s through romances with older and

tale and one inspired by personal experience,

unavailable men through the trauma theory lens

through analysis of both of these tone poems,

explored by Elizabeth Weston in “Constitutive

we can gain a better understanding of Strauss’s

Trauma in Edna O’Brien’s ‘The Country Girls Tril-

musical storytelling processes and consistency

ogy’: The Romance of Reenactment”. I then look

of motivic representation.

at the role of narrative style in implicating the reader in the trauma of the narrator in A Girl is a

Cara Mackenzie, ‘21

Half Formed Thing (2013). From here, I will show

Major: English Literature

how trauma affects the psyche and creates a

Faculty Mentor: Audrey Golden

split between the “before” and “after” of trauma

Project: It is Time to Stop Forgetting: The Reen-

as Ruth Leys describes in Trauma: A Genealogy.

actment of Women’s Trauma in Irish Literature

The notion of “remembering to forget” ultimately leads to traumatically remembering again, but

The women of Irish literature hold trauma in

in a different context (Rubin). Indeed, reenacting

their bones and in their wombs: teaching daugh-

becomes a new form of remembering and causes

ters passivity as a tool to get through a life that

a retraumatization for both women characters.

gives them an appalling lack of autonomy over their own bodies and minds. As Elizabeth Rubin

Krystianna Pietrzak, ‘20

wrote, “It is a challenging concept: remember-


ing to forget” (Rubin). The women in both The

Graphic Design and Media Arts)

Country Girls (1960) by Edna O’Brien and A Girl

Faculty Mentor: Judith Aronson

is a Half Formed Thing (2013) by Eimar McBride

Project: Chasing Wanderlust: A Student’s Guide

are forced to forget their own trauma in order

to Traveling in Europe

Communications (Concentrations in

to survive the terrain of Irish womanhood. In remembering to forget, these women pejoratively

Chasing Wanderlust: A Student’s Guide to Trav-

conform into the traditional trope of the Irish

eling in Europe is a travel guide book for stu-

woman, often at the price of sexual and emotion-

dents who wish to study abroad completely

al abuse. In my research, I contend that the wom-

written and designed by me. I spent my spring


Video Showcase

Media, Arts, and Humanities semester of 2019 in Dublin, Ireland, but I had so

gender and sexuality in the context of settlement

many questions before I left. I’m hoping to help

houses in Boston and New York City, particularly

ease some of the anxieties that students might

at Denison House and Henry Street House. Queer

have so that they can more fully enjoy their ex-

histories already include the founders of these

perience abroad. The book features 14 chapters,

institutions, such Jane Addams and Lillian Wald.

with 13 of the chapters focusing on the different

I explore how settlement houses potentially built

countries that I visited during my time abroad.

queer spaces for working class women. Further,

The final chapter focuses on study abroad FAQs.

I analyze how settlement houses built women’s

Chasing Wanderlust is filled with infographics,

only spaces for working class women, in an era

photographs from my experience, recommended

of exclusivity where no others existed.

budgets for trips, itineraries, and more. With my

The project interrogates queerness in a time

book, students will be able to fully embrace their

before sexuality was used as an identity catego-

wanderlust stress-free.

ry. Therefore, it demands a reading of the silences in the records, because people simply would

Lilli Thorne, ‘20

not write explicitly about queer relationships or

Major: History, Political Science

activity. An analysis of women’s clubs, drama

Faculty Mentor: Laura Prieto

programs, and summer camps reveals both the

Project: “Who Kindly Greet Me Home”: Queer

presences and the silences in settlement house

and Gendered Spaces in Settlement Houses,

archives. Ultimately, I argue that settlement


houses provided nurturing queer spaces to varying degrees depending on the location and staff-

This project reflects upon the creation of commu-

ing, but certainly served as pioneering women’s

nity space in settlement houses, particularly for

centered spaces.

working class women; these were institutions usually created by women in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century with the purpose of providing programming and safe lodging for mostly immigrant and working class populations. Building on the work of scholars like Estelle B. Freedman and Sarah Deutch on gender and sexuality, and Mina Carson and Allen Freeman Davis on the history of settlements, my project studies how class status intersected with


Video Showcase

Social Sciences, Policy, and Pr Catherine Cox, ‘23

Project: Does Denying the Existence of Racism

Major: International Relations

Affect Beliefs About the Self and Group Hier-

Faculty Mentor: Abel Amado


Project: “African Bias?” Understanding the International Criminal Court’s History of Perse-

In today’s society there is a denial of discrimi-

cuting African Individuals

nation against minority groups. Contributors to this are personality variables that predict one’s

Established in 1998, the International Criminal

preference for inequality among different social

Court (ICC) is an international organization, with

groups (Pratto et al., 1994). Thus, we predict

123 countries under its jurisdiction, that pros-

that preferring social hierarchies and believing

ecutes individuals accused of genocide, war

that racism is not a problem anymore will be

crimes, and crimes against humanity. This re-

positively correlated (Poteat et al., 2012). Prior

search draws its data from a number of sources

research has also found that those who believe

ranging from the ICC records and documents,

that racism still exists will experience higher

to testimonials from African leaders, as well as

self-esteem (Golec et al.,2019). We can expect

scholarly articles and books. The research pre-

that those who believe that racism is not a prob-

sented highlights the history of bias within the

lem anymore to feel less as an imposter. In ad-

International Criminal Court, focusing on the

dition, those who believe racism is no longer a

predominance of investigations launched with-

problem are also likely to have the same beliefs

in African nations as opposed to other regions.

for sexism, which will be replicated in our data

In this poster, I critically analyze how and who

(Swim et al. 1995). 104 psychology students

the ICC chooses to prosecute, and argue that an

from a private, women centered, undergraduate

African Bias, an unjust focus on African nations

university participated in this study. They were

and peoples for trial, exists within this interna-

asked to complete self-report measures of their

tional organization. By investigating the African

feelings about social groups and themselves.

Bias within the ICC we are better able to under-

We found that those who believe that racism is

stand how state power and the complications

no longer a problem also believe that sexism

that come with organizing multi-national bodies

is no longer a problem, r =.692, p<0.001. Those

of law combine to affect the pursuit of justice.

who believe that racism no longer exists also have a preference for inequality among differ-

Maggie K. Fuzak, ‘21

ent groups, r =0.625, p<0.001. Lastly, whether

Major: Psychology

or not one believes that racism is still a prob-

Faculty Mentor: Megan McCarty

lem was not linked to whether they feel as an

ractice imposter or not, r = .130, p= .279. In summary,

Rachel Most, ‘22

we can conclude that the denial of the racism

Major: Psychology

that exists is linked with group hierarchies, but

Faculty Mentor: Megan McCarty

not the self.

Project: Political Conservatism and Political Liberalism and their Effects on Political Intol-

Sarah Hackey, ‘21


Major: Economics Faculty Mentor: Niloufer Sohrabji

Political Intolerance is an individual’s ability to

Project: Society in Motion: Public Transporta-

allow free speech to those with differing polit-

tion and Economic Mobility in the City of Boston

ical beliefs (Dunwood & Funke, 2016). A strong indicator of Political Intolerance is a perceived

This study investigates the relationship be-

threat (Crawford and Pilanski 2014). We expect-

tween the quality of public transit service and

ed that those who identify as more politically

the economic mobility of Boston residents as

conservative would perceive greater threats

measured by the percent change in median

from out-groups, and score higher in a political

household income by neighborhood between

intolerance scale (Lindner & Nosek, 2009).

2012 and 2017. Using OLS regression including variables accounting for changes in neighbor-

In a survey conducted at Simmons University,

hood demographics and employment, this study

104 students responded to questions about

demonstrates that neighborhoods with greater

their attitudes towards varying social groups.

transit connectivity (as determined by distance

Students completed a scale of political intol-

to transit and frequency of service) experienced

erance (Dunwood & Funke, 2016) and political

greater income growth, holding changing de-

conservatism scale. The six items in the polit-

mographics constant. Improving transit access

ical intolerance scale were not reliable (Cron-

at the neighborhood level may be a tool to re-

bach alpha=.61), therefore we analyzed each of

duce inequality and encourage upward econom-

these items separately. We found that the polit-

ic mobility in the city of Boston. Greater transit

ical intolerance item “radical beliefs should be

accessibility also has the potential to raise the

suppressed by our government” was positively

incomes of all residents, even in neighborhoods

associated with political conservatism, r= .269,

facing gentrification and the potential displace-

p=.015. Conversely, the political intolerance

ment of low-income residents.

item “people who are intolerant of others do not deserve freedom of speech,” was associated with political liberalism, r= -.26 p=.017. None of


Video Showcase

Social Sciences, Policy, and Pr the other political intolerance items were asso-

border, laws disenfranchising immigrants, and

ciated with political beliefs.

purposful funneling of undocumented migrants through the Sonoran desert under the “preven-

We do not have a reliable measure of political

tion through deterrence” policy frame in place

intolerance. There was one item in the scale on

since the 1990s. A second literature review

which liberals were more politically intolerant

focused on news media content analyses per-

and there was one item on which conservatives

formed between 2008 and 2019 reveals that the

were more politically intolerant. These results

closer a news media outlet is to the border, the

indicate that there are different ways in which

more likely it will cover immigration, and that

those with diverse political ideals are politically

it will portray negative, dominant framings of

intolerant. Considering our increasingly polar-

migrant populations as criminal and unclean.

ized political environment, more research on

Building upon these literature reviews, our pri-

this topic is needed.

mary research method involves a content analysis of the websites of immigrant justice orga-

Eli Pajo, ‘23

nizations in Arizona, or nationally-based with

Major: Sociology

activities in Arizona. We apply social movement

Faculty Mentor: Shelley White

theory to analyze organizing tactics, strategies,

Project: Immigrant Justice in the Arizona Bor-

and efforts to re-frame dominant narratives.


Our database of several dozen organizations was gleaned through online searches and tar-

In recent decades, immigrant social justice

get listings of immigrate-supporting organiza-

organizing in the United States has arisen to

tions. We use Nvivo 12 software to complete a

resist oppression, fight against dominant an-

line-by-line content analysis of key webpages

ti-immigrant narratives, and uplift immigrant

(e.g. “About Us,” “Our Campaigns,” etc.) across

communities. This paper examines how immi-

all organizations, revealing theories of change

gration-based social movements have respond-

and mobilizing practices aimed at mounting

ed to such environments in Arizona specifical-

counter-veiling resistance.

ly, home to the second largest Border Patrol operation in the US and some of the nation’s

Milagros (Millie) Sanchez, ‘20

most restrictive immigration policies and prac-

Major: Social Work

tices. A literature review of articles from 1991

Faculty Mentor: Nora Rushford

to 2019 found a disturbing trend of anti-immi-

Project: Can We Prevent Teen Dating Violence?

grant structures, such as militarization of the

ractice Teen dating violence (TDV) is a type of intimate

Jeanine Sempler, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

partner violence. It occurs between two people

Major: Psychology

in a close relationship no matter their sexual

Faculty Mentor: Megan McCarty

orientation or identity. This can result in phys-


ical pain or humiliation. Studies show that ad-

Conservatism and their Relation to Symbolic

olescents who experience dating violence are


System Justification and Political

likely to suffer from behavioral disorders and can engage in drug and alcohol abuse as well as

Symbolic Racism is a modern form of prejudice

physical fights. Young adults, called YouthSpeak

expressed somewhat subtly, but with beliefs

are peer educators that engage in a curriculum

such as African Americans no longer face much

focused on prevention, where they learn and

prejudice (Henry & Sears, 2002). Symbolic Rac-

teach their peers about preventive measures.

ism is particularly important to study because it

During the childhood stage, children are said to

is associated with opposition to racially target-

start to develop a sense of independence and

ed government policies, policies that could help

self. This process continues into adolescence

mend racial inequality (Rabinowitz et al., 2009).

where the teens attempt to find their identity

Those scoring high on measures of system jus-

and express it in the world. Besides, the ado-

tification endorse legitimizing ideologies, which

lescents during this stage undergo various

allows them to see instances of prejudice as ac-

changes such as physical changes due to pu-

ceptable and justifiable (Crandall & Eshleman,

berty. Such changes can result in a stressful

2003). Additionally, anti-black prejudice stems

and confusing period. Based on the social learn-

from a commitment to traditional American val-

ing theory, the teens who engage in aggressive

ues of individualism and self-reliance (Henry

and abusive dating behaviors most likely wit-

& Sears, 2003). Since conservatives endorse

ness others whom they admire using the same

those values more strongly than liberals, they

against their partners. Peer leaders learn and

are more likely to find evidence that solely oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

then teach to the students. The types of abuse,

own choices determine their outcomes, making

cycle of violence, relationship spectrum, how to

them more willing to deny that racial prejudice

offer support to friends, where to get help. Re-

exists (Chambers, et al., 2013). Therefore, I ex-

search shows that peers have strong influence

pected that individuals who score high on the

on the behavior and ideals of other teens.

System Justification Scale and individuals who identify as more conservative will also score high on the Symbolic Racism Scale. Participants (N=104) recruited from undergraduate


Video Showcase

Social Sciences, Policy, and Pr psychology classes at Simmons University took

Krosnick, J. A. (2009). Why do White Americans

an online self-report survey titled “Individual

oppose race-targeted policies? Clarifying the

Differences and Perceptions of Groups.” There

impact of symbolic racism. Political Psychology,

was a significant positive correlation between

30(5), 805–828. https://doi-org.ezproxy.sim-

System Justification and Symbolic Racism, r=

.595, p< .001. There was also a significant positive correlation between conservative identity

Sears, D. O., & Henry, P. J. (2003). The origins

and Symbolic Racism, r= .481, p< .001. Overall,

of symbolic racism. Journal of Personality and

if we are aware that system justification and

Social Psychology, 85(2), 259–275. https://

conservatism are indicators of symbolic racism,

it may lead to change among individuals who


endorse those beliefs. References: Chambers, J. R., Schlenker, B. R., & Collisson, B. (2013). Ideology and prejudice: The role of value conflicts. Psychological Science, 24(2), 140–149.


edu/10.1177/0956797612447820 Crandall, C. S., & Eshleman, A. (2003). A justification-suppression model of the expression and experience of prejudice. Psychological Bulletin, 129(3), 414–446. https://doi-org.ezproxy.simmons. edu/10.1037/0033-2909.129.3.414 Henry, P. J., & Sears, D. O. (2002). The Symbolic Racism 2000 Scale. Political Psychology, 23(2), 253–283.


edu/10.1111/0162-895X.00281 Rabinowitz, J. L., Sears, D. O., Sidanius, J., &



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Natural, Behavioral, Health, an Mariam Al-Angari, ‘20

of generation outcomes as we know it.

Major: Environmental Science Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera

Juliana Anderson, ‘21, Shayla McJunkin, ‘21

Project: A Full Understanding of the Human

Major: Psychology

Genome and CRISPR:

Faculty Mentor: Gregory Feldman

How Will It Impact


Project: “Take a Sad Song and Make it Better”: Which Music-Based Emotion Regulation Strate-

This paper is dedicated to further understand-

gies Work for Whom?

ing the human genome and the applications of CRISPR. There are many paths that can be

Music can be a powerful tool for coping with

taken when understanding and manipulating

emotional distress and managing one’s mood;

genetics, which is why their implication on so-

however, the ways people use music to regu-

ciety must be assessed. This can be especially

late emotions vary depending on individual

seen when looking at CRISPR, a gene editing

differences in personality. Previous research

tool with much improvement for versatility in

has focused on the trait neuroticism, which

its function on the way. I believe that a full un-

is characterized by emotional instability and

derstanding of the genome will have great op-

susceptibility to psychological distress, and

portunities, but lead to negative implications on

demonstrates that neuroticism is associated

society. I argue the negative outcomes will out-

with a greater likelihood of managing emotions

weigh the positive. In order to understand this,

through music. However, it is unclear what

we must understand the different types of gene

kinds of listening strategies are associated with

editing processes, their limitations, and what

this trait and whether they are actually effective

the genomic library could mean for these pro-

at improving mood. Two music emotion regu-

cesses. In order to fully assess this, a review

lation strategies that have been identified are

based on the previous work discovering genet-

discharge (i.e., seeking emotional release and

ic interactions with proteins is important. This

venting of feelings) and solace (i.e., seeking

review paper will summarize the knowledge of

comfort and understanding of feelings) (Sarri-

genetics currently known, the techniques we

kallio, 2008). Discharge may encourage passive

have that are developing, and what the future

rumination and maintenance of negative mood

holds for human use of genetic manipulations.

states whereas solace may promote greater

I conclude that potential patients for the use of

insight and awareness that can facilitate mood

gene editing need to be better prepared as a so-

management. Using a survey of college stu-

ciety for something that can change the future

dents, we tested the hypothesis that neurot-

nd Data Sciences icism would be positively associated with use

compare the participants’ sleep duration and

of both discharge and solace. Furthermore,

quality at two different timepoints: the middle

we hypothesized that discharge would be as-

and the end of the study. We are currently pro-

sociated with maladaptive outcomes in terms

cessing sleep data, and plan to use a simple

of distress, tendencies to engage in unhelpful

two-way ANOVA for analysis. The question that

rumination, and lower self-efficacy of managing

we ask is “Does carbohydrate level in diet affect

mood through music. In contrast, solace will be

subjective self reported sleep quality?” We hy-

less strongly associated with distress and be

pothesize that over the course of the study, par-

positively associated with more helpful forms

ticipants in the high carbohydrate diet condition

of self-reflection and self-efficacy for mood

would have better sleep quality due to the met-

management through music.

abolic pathway initiated by high carbohydrate intake. Studies point to this path of increased

Sabrina Belozerova, ‘20

carbohydrate intake increasing tryptophan lev-


els. Tryptophan is a precursor to melatonin,

Neuroscience and Behavior (Biology


which is an important sleep producing hor-

Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera, Nina Vujovic

mone. Other studies have also investigated this

Project: Investigating the Effect of Carbohy-

interaction— but few identify the causal rela-

drate Intake on Self-Reported Sleep Quality

tionship between sleep and metabolism, and how they relate to weight maintenance. The

Obesity is a current health crisis that puts pa-

outcomes of this study are important for devel-

tients at risk for serious health complications.

oping new treatments for weight loss, mainte-

Factors like diet, genetics, and lifestyle choices

nance and obesity.

are well-known causes, but there are several potential causes that play a big role in our dai-

Bianca Boschetti, ‘20

ly routine, but are often overlooked, like sleep.

Major: Chemistry

Studies suggest that there may be a potential

Faculty Mentor:

interaction between sleep and metabolism. Our


team at Boston Children’s Hospital/Brigham

Project: Optimization of the Photocatalytic Re-

and Women’s Hospital investigated this poten-

duction of Methylviologen Electron Mediator

tial link through a weight maintenance study

for Use in an Inorganic-Bio Hybrid Photocata-

in which participants were subjected to a high,

lyst System

Mariam Ismail, Cassandra

moderate, or low carbohydrate diet, and assessed their sleep quality and duration. We will

Hydrogen gas has been highly sought after as


Video Showcase

Natural, Behavioral, Health, an an alternative fuel source that is safe for the

[3] Tekin et al., Microporous and Mesoporous

environment, and its production can be facili-

Materials, 251, 2017, pp.94-104.

tated via the splitting of water using light energy [1]. This gas production has been previ-

Emily Buttafuoco, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;21

ously investigated using inorganic-bio hybrid

Major: Chemistry

photocatalyst systems, where TiO2 acted as the

Faculty Mentor: Mariam Ismail

semiconductor to donate electrons to recombi-

Project: Synthesis and Characterization of Sil-

nant Escherichia coli cells that had taken up the

ver Modified Core-Shell Structured Photocata-

genes responsible for hydrogen production in


Clostridium acetobutylicum [1]. Methylviologen (MV 2+), an electron mediator and transporter,

Toxic chemicals are polluting the Earth through

has been used in transporting the excited elec-

wastewater streams and rivers. One method of

trons to the biological component of the system

environmental remediation is photocatalysis,

[1]. For this investigation, a visible light-active

which is a method that converts pollutants to

photocatalyst was chosen to replace TiO2 as

non-toxic forms using a semiconductor mate-

the semiconductor in a photocatalytic system

rial. In order to overcome the broad band gap

with E. coli due to its ability to absorb in both

of common photocatalysts for use in visible

the visible and UV light spectra, while TiO2 is

light photocatalysis, modification using silver

only capable of absorbing in the UV light region

nanoparticles has been explored for its surface

[2]. The visible light-active photocatalyst was

plasmon resonance abilities that extend the

successfully synthesized [3] and characterized

photocatalytic ability to visible light. Modifying

using scanning electron microscopy (SEM),

with silver leaves exposed nanoparticles on the

x-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and UV-Vis ab-

surface of the photocatalyst, which react with

sorption spectroscopy. Photocatalytic experi-

the surrounding medium during photocataly-

ments on the visible-light active photocatalyst

sis, resulting in the dislodging of the particles

for the optimization of MV2+ reduction were

on the photocatalyst surface. Core-shell silver


modified photocatalyst was synthesized in order to protect the silver nanoparticles while al-


lowing the photocatalytic enhancement.

[1] Honda et al., Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 210, 2017, pp. 400â&#x20AC;&#x201C;406.

Photocatalyst was synthesized via hydrother-

[2] Ismail et al., Microporous and Mesoporous

mal synthesis. Ag-modified photocatalyst crys-

Materials, 120(3), 2009, pp. 454â&#x20AC;&#x201C;459.

tals were prepared via a photodeposition tech-

nd Data Sciences nique by impregnating 4% wt. photocatalyst

sis of bone loss is virtually irreversible (Nguy-

crystals in a 15 mM AgNO3 aqueous solution.

en et al., 2015). Therefore, Vietnamese need

This solution was then irradiated under UV light

improvement in the prevention of bone diseas-

for 30 minutes while purging with N2. The core-

es. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was

shell heterostructure was synthesized via sec-

to look deeply into the preventive bone health-

ondary growth to form a second layer over the

care of Vietnamese from these perspectives:

silver modified photocatalyst. All products were

nutrition, physical activity, and lifestyle. Based

characterized using X-ray diffraction to deter-

on the findings, this research suggests possi-

mine phase identification and product crystal-

ble actions to improve bone health in the local

linity and scanning electron microscope to de-

Vietnamese community. METHODS: Twenty

termine purity and crystal morphology. Diffuse

healthy Vietnamese adults (mean age 49 + 19.6

reflectance UV-Vis was performed to determine

yrs; 40 % male) from two Vietnamese commu-

the optical properties as well as to explore the

nity organizations were interviewed to answer

effect of shell thickness on the plasmonic prop-

nutrition, physical activity, lifestyle and demo-

erties of Ag. Photocatalysis experiments using

graphic questionnaires in about 20 minutes.

methylene blue will be carried out to assess the

The questionnaires have some adjustments for

effectiveness of the core-shell structured pho-

Vietnamese culture, such as adding some Viet-


namese food. After the interview, participants had a chance to receive bone health kits which

Nghi Cao, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;21

included calcium-rich food and drink, and re-

Major: Exercise Science

sistance bands to promote exercise. RESULTS:

Faculty Mentor: Randi Lite

75% of the subjects did not achieve the recom-

Project: Prevention of Bone Diseases in the

mended calcium levels and 50% did not achieve

Vietnamese Community

the recommended vitamin D levels. Only 11.6% of total calcium was from cultural food. There

Asians are at higher risk of osteoporosis and

was no significant relationship between the

other bone problems compared to other races

income level of the subjects and whether they

because of â&#x20AC;&#x153;their lower weight and smaller bone

achieved the recommended values for calcium

sizeâ&#x20AC;? (Nguyen, Dinh, Ngo, Tran, & Breitkopf,

and vitamin D. 85% of subjects achieved a min-

2015). With Vietnamese people, prevention is

imum of the recommended 750 MET-min/week.

favored over treatment because bone mass at

Most reported physical activities were cardio or

the lumbar spine peaks earlier in Vietnamese

endurance training, not resistance and balance

women than in non-Asians and the pathogene-

training. CONCLUSION: These results suggest


Video Showcase

Natural, Behavioral, Health, an that the Vietnamese community is in need of im-

users to analyze the MRI scans of real MS pa-

proving their calcium and vitamin D levels. The

tients. In order to do so, SPINE includes gen-

subjects were moderately active overall, but do

eral lessons on MS and affected structures of

not engage in resistance or balance exercise.

the brain, as well as tutorials on how to identify,

Health professionals and researchers should

characterize, and segment essential affected

be mindful of cultural aspects of bone health,

structures. To evaluate the efficacy of these les-

as culture can develop or diminish a commu-

sons and tutorials, SPINE programmers have

nity’s health.

built in a comparative tool that places users results and measurements against a trained


radiologist’s readings. Users’ accuracy and

Nguyen, N. V., Dinh, T. A., Ngo, Q. V., Tran, V. D.,

precision can therefore be analyzed in order to

& Breitkopf, C. R. (2015). Awareness and Knowl-

understand whether or not someone who is un-

edge of Osteoporosis in Vietnamese Women.

trained in MRI analysis can assess brain scans

Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 27(2), 95-

in the context of MS as accurately and precisely


as a trained professional. If users’ scores are high, this kind of crowdsourcing may be used

Etta Covert, ‘20

across all types of radiological research, as

Major: Neuroscience and Behavior

well as build public interest in neuroscience

Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera

and STEM in general.

Project: SPINE: A New Approach to MRI Analysis and Understanding MS Neuropathology

Keywords: Neuroscience, citizen science, multiple sclerosis, MRI analysis, MRI segmentation,

Citizen science and crowdsourcing initiatives

virtual laboratory.

that tap into the talents of non-professional scientists are becoming more feasible and useful

Lauren DellaCroce, ‘20

with increasing technological capabilities. The

Major: Exercise Science

paper and its corresponding work seeks to in-

Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera

volve student citizen scientists in determination

Project: Does Dry Needling Produce a Greater

of the pathology of multiple sclerosis (MS) from

Reduction In Pain Levels When Compared to

MRI brain scans. SPINE is a virtual lab created

Other Traditional Forms of Manual Therapy: A

by Dr. Charles Guttman at the Center for Neuro-

Systematic Review

logical Imaging (CNI) at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) that aims to teach untrained

In 2016, 20.4% of US adults were living with

nd Data Sciences chronic pain due to arthritis, back pain, head-

experienced workplace bullying, which raises

aches, fibromyalgia, and cancer. Chronic pain

the concern of hospitals maintaining a healthy

prevents individuals from performing neces-

work environment. Until a manager of higher

sary daily activities (ADLs), such as working or

power is convinced and willing to acknowledge

taking care of their families. In severe cases,

the problem of workplace bullying, the offend-

it leads to Chronic Pain Syndrome (CPS) which

er will continue to target new employees and

occurs when an individual is living in so much

cause turmoil for workers and patients in the

pain that other symptoms, such as anxiety

hospital. This work environment also causes

and depression, develop. Oftentimes, physical

harm and endangers patients.

therapy is conducted in order to help combat chronic pain. The goal of my research is to de-

There are different initiatives hospitals can im-

termine which manual therapy technique pro-

plement to help eliminate workplace bullying,

vides the greatest improvements in terms of

such as improving leadership training and com-

pain reduction and resuming ADLs. In order to

munication throughout the departments of the

do so, I analyzed research on three major tech-

hospital. Once these tactics are put into place,

niques: Ultrasound, Graston, and Dry Needling.

hospitals can start saving money, employing

From three main research articles, in addition

happier people, and providing better healthcare

to other supporting research articles, I conclud-

services for their patients.

ed which manual therapy technique appears to be the most effective when it comes to reduc-

Beyza Erdem, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;22, Hannah Scott, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

ing both acute and chronic pain levels. Overall,


through the evaluation, analyzation, and inter-


pretation of the results of these three studies,

Faculty Mentor: Elizabeth Donovan

this systematic review will determine which


manual therapy technique is the most effective

Boabom Intervention in a College Student Pop-

when it comes to managing chronic pain.


Brianna Desharnais, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;22


Major: Neurobiology, Applied Music

among college students, associated with a

Faculty Mentor: Cherie Ramirez

range of negative health outcomes, including

Project: Lateral Violence in Nursing

depression and anxiety. One approach to reduc-




Feasibility and Acceptability of a

Stress is a significant problem

ing stress and increasing quality of life among Over half of nurses in the United States have

college students is mind-body approaches. A


Video Showcase

Natural, Behavioral, Health, an particularly good approach for college students

Aurora Goodland, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

may be Boabom, a movement-based, mind body

Major: Environmental Science

approach which focuses on stress reduction

Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera, Viktor Grigory-

and empowerment through physical activity,

an, Vikki Rodgers (Babson College)

mindful breathing and non-contact self-de-

Project: The Influence of Water Availability on

fense. The goal of this study is to examine the

Co-Invader Interactions: Oriental Bittersweet

feasibility and acceptability of an eight-week

and Japanese Barberry

Boabom intervention with Simmons University students. A secondary goal is to examine any

Invasive species are notorious for their nega-

change in psychosocial outcomes after partici-

tive impact on native biodiversity, often placing

pating in the intervention. Methods: Twenty-six

stress on communities that have co-evolved

students (mean age =21.7308, SD=3.19447)

for hundreds of years. Considering that sev-

participated in the eight, weekly, 60-minute

eral invasive species are found at any given

Boabom sessions. Students completed mea-

invasion site, it is important to consider how

sures of perceived stress, mindfulness, anxiety,

the competitive interaction between invasives

depression, resilience, health, and life satisfac-

can shape community structures. This study

tion. Students also participated in focus groups

looks at the interaction between two invasive

during the week after the intervention ended.

plants, Oriental bittersweet and Japanese bar-

Results: The intervention was considered fea-

berry, which are often found growing together

sible as 23 people completed the eight-week

in Massachusetts. Specifically, the impact of

program. Themes from focus groups suggest-

interspecific versus intraspecific competition

ed that participants saw value in the program

on the growth of each invader is compared us-

and believed it to be a good fit for Simmons

ing data from a field experiment in Waltham.

students. Exploratory analysis of psychosocial

Moreover, this study considers whether or not

outcomes revealed that mindfulness, resilience,

this interaction would become exacerbated or

life satisfaction and perception of health status

altered in drought conditions by implement-

increased from pre-intervention to post-in-

ing varying water treatments (ambient, semi-

tervention, while anxiety and depression de-

drought and drought). Our data reveals that

creased from pre- to post-intervention. Discus-

while Japanese barberry grows significantly

sion: Results from our pilot study suggest that

less in drought conditions, Oriental bittersweet

Boabom may be another mind-body approach

is able to thrive despite any water limitations.

that could be helpful to college students as they

Further, we suggest that in drought conditions,

navigate a stressful period in their lives.

both species are more successful when grow-

nd Data Sciences ing in interspecific as opposed to intraspecific

causes of severe discomfort during dental ap-

treatments. Moving forward, we hope to con-

pointments. It is important for dentists to detect

struct a mathematical model, the mathematical

the signs of eating disorders to provide their af-

analysis of which will predict if the long term

fected patients with the highest quality of care

interaction between these plants would result

by ensuring that they are comfortable during

in competitive coexistence or exclusion. Over-

appointments. By understanding the needs of

all, with the foreboding inevitability of climate

each patient, dentists can play a significant role

change, it is especially important for us to con-

in improving oral health by reducing the level of

serve healthy ecosystems in order to maximize

discomfort experienced by patients with eating

their resilience. By understanding how these

disorders. I conclude this review with an over-

particular co-invaders interact, we can better

view of the Health Belief Model (HBM), and ex-

conceptualize how to take targeted action in or-

plain how it can take into account the triggering

der to restore local areas.

factors that cause patientsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; reluctance to continue dental treatments.

Sarah Islam, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20 Major: Biochemistry

Allyson Jarvis, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera

Major: Biology

Project: Treating Dental Patients with Eating

Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera



Outpatient Opioid Addiction Treat-

ment: An Overview of Medication-Assisted Several signs and symptoms of various types

Treatment Programs And Rural Blockades

of eating disorders can be detected by dentists during dental appointments. The condition of

Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) is a com-

the oral cavity can reflect dietary habits and

prehensive way to address the needs of indi-

certain behaviors characteristic of eating dis-

viduals with opioid use disorder (OUD). Com-

orders such as bulimia. Some eating disorders

bining the use of medication with counseling

may also result in patients refusing dental treat-

and behavioral therapies, MAT successfully

ment due to the intensified levels of discomfort

targets both the physical and mental aspects

during a dental screening. This systematic re-

of OUD and withdrawal. Medications approved

view involves the identification of eating disor-

for this type of treatment include methadone,

der symptoms that are detectable in the mouth.

buprenorphine, and naltrexone. However, bar-

I will collect data from case studies and primary

riers, like the lack of resources, hinder access

research on eating disorders to determine the

to treatment in rural areas. Currently, the rate


Video Showcase

Natural, Behavioral, Health, an of opioid use is lower in rural areas, but since

composition of coconut oil is primarily saturat-

2006 the rural overdose death rate has been

ed fats and includes lauric acid (~45-52%) and

higher than the urban rate. In other words, less

myristic acid (21%). Topical application of any

people in rural areas are using drugs, but more

biocompatible material that sufficiently covers

of them are dying. This review provides a com-

the wound preventing oxygen from getting in

prehensive examination of MAT in rural Ameri-

would give rise to a decrease in the healing

ca with the aim of providing concrete recom-

time. The use of nanoparticles would provide

mendations to reduce rural death rates. Initial

a means for the drugs to have a controlled re-

results reveal that barriers to effective treat-

lease over time into cell media, or by controlled

ment in rural areas include: inadequate mental

release for uptake by cellular endocytosis.

health and substance abuse infrastructure, the

would allow not only for a targeted release but

lack of regional coordination of resource cen-

for the ability to track the progression of the

ters, outnumbered rural practitioners providing

drug absorption and usage by the cell. Nanopar-

substance abuse treatment, and a decrease in

ticles of coconut oil encased by silk fibroin were

access to overdose-reversing medications due

simply prepared from an aqueous solution of

to state laws and regulations. Specifically, I

regenerated silk fibroin by a reverse micro-

recommend that death rates due to opioid over-

emulsion, oil/water method. Confirmation of

doses can be decreased by implementing more

the nanoparticles with a silk fibroin shell came

integrated programs, adjusting laws and regu-

from fluorescent and scanning electron micros-

lations, and increasing the amount of providers

copy, both show a spherically shaped particle

authorized to provide MAT.

in the nano-range. The former provided confirmation of the presence of silk as it auto fluo-

Heidi Johnson, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

resces under the green channel. The silk fibroin

Major: Biology

nanoparticles created were within the range

Faculty Mentor: Cassandra Saitow

of one hundred nanometers to a micrometer.

Project: Virgin Coconut Oil Encapsulated Silk

The polydispersity index of their size changed

Fibroin Nanoparticles

during the temperature series when approaching body temperature. This data suggests that

The goal of this work was to develop biomate-

the coconut oil as it approaches its melting rate

rials-based delivery mechanisms for virgin co-

expands within the silk shell around it.

conut oil for eventual in vivo application. Virgin coconut oil has been shown to have antimicro-

Kate Krawczuk, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

bial, antioxidant, and antiviral properties. The

Major: Exercise Science

nd Data Sciences Faculty Mentor: Meghan Garvey

coaching profession by limiting the potential for

Project: A Systematic Review of the Influence

career advancement. The findings demonstrate

of Gender on Opportunities for Women in Sport

the need to increase support for women athletic


coaching settings.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic re-

Ellen Langford, ‘20

view was to investigate how gender identity

Major: Environmental Biology

influences opportunities for women in sport

Faculty Mentor: Meghan Garvey

coaching. METHODS: 12 articles gathered from

Project: Ethics of Cosmetic and Convenience

the Simmons University online Library Collec-

Surgeries in Companion Animals

tion satisfied the review’s inclusion criteria. Key terms used in the initial search included

Objective: Organizations and governments are

gender, coaching, sport, inequality, and women

divided on the ethics of cosmetic and conve-

coach. Further criteria for inclusion were full-

nience surgeries performed on companion

text format, peer reviewed, publishing date of

animals. This project is a literature review

2016-2019 and in the English language. The 12

intended to gather scientific evidence on the

pieces underwent content analysis from which

topic of debate.

the author determined common themes. RE-

erature investigating the harmful effects of

SULTS: 9 countries were represented by the

veterinary cosmetic procedures and testing

reviewed research. A total of 587 individuals,

claims made by advocates for the procedures

of which 319 were identified as female and 193

was accessed through the Simmons Universi-

as male, ranging in age from 17-81 years and

ty Library. Papers published before the year

4 textbooks constituted the collective sample

2010 were excluded from search criteria. Con-

population. 8 categories of recurrent themes

clusion: Cosmetic and convenience surgeries

and vocabulary regarding the role of gender in

are too often harmful to companion animals.

sport coaching were determined. The themes

Claims made by modification advocates such as

of ‘stereotypes, norms, expectations,’ ‘homol-

the American Kennel Club regarding potential

ogous reproduction,’ and ‘insiders, outsiders,

benefits for pets undergoing these procedures

others’ were most prevalent.


cannot be confirmed. However, there is strong

Prejudiced expectations for behavior and com-

evidence that the procedures can cause pain

petence on the basis of gender and the repro-

and complications. Consequently, they must be

duction of homogenous workplace environ-

recommended against. Many veterinary clinics

ments disadvantages some women in the sport

already refuse to perform procedures that have

Methods: Peer-reviewed lit-


Video Showcase

Natural, Behavioral, Health, an no proven benefits and the potential to cause

the original lysate. Also, there was an exponen-

harm. Legislature banning specific surgeries

tial improvement in the number of bacteria per

would likely reduce their occurrence in both

plate as well as the amount of isolated phage

clinical and home settings.

plaques per plate. With this data a phage curriculum for undergraduates is made to be used

Carly Laverty, ‘20

for continuation into the genetic engineering

Major: Biochemistry

portion of the project.

Faculty Mentor: Jennifer Roecklein-Canfield Project: Optimizing Amplification Methods of

Catherine Le, ‘20

Phage Giles for Genomic Engineering

Major: Biology Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera

Phage therapy is a treatment that could help to

Project: Intervention Programs That Will Have

solve the issue of antibiotic resistant bacterial

A Positive Outcome For Homeless Mothers and

infections. Genomic engineering of the target


phage genomes could further optimize and improve the efficacy of the phages as bacterial

Homelessness is a major problem facing the

killers. The phage being researched is Phage

US. My work explores interventions that affect

Giles and its host Mycobacterium smegmatis.

mothers and children. Specifically, I will be do-

The first step in being able to use genetically

ing a comprehensive review of reported high

modified phages for phage therapy is the isola-

impact interventions that offer mothers with

tion and purification of the target phages. The

services that improve their own health, and that

purpose of this study is to amplify the tech-

of their children. Focusing on the outcomes of

niques of isolation and purification of phage

being homeless; both the mother and children’s

DNA for future work in genomic engineering.

health. I am interested in investigating the dif-

In this study we performed plaque assays to

ferent types of interventions available to help

determine the amount of phages per lysate.

homeless women care for their children. It is

With this given information we then isolated

crucial to focus on mother’s health because it

and purified the lysate and tested the amount of

reflects how well their children’s health is ex-

DNA obtained. To further the amount of phage

pected to be. I anticipate that there are limited

DNA acquired, amplification methods were per-

programs, and I will provide suggestions for

formed to obtain as much Phage Giles DNA as

different types of interventions that will have a

possible for harvesting. These experiments

high impact on positive outcomes for homeless

gave us a result of 0.49 ng/µL of Giles DNA from

mothers and children. Examples of programs

nd Data Sciences that can be implemented for expecting home-

ucts collected and tested included “high-end”

less mothers are mental health counseling, and

as well as more modestly priced items in order

supplementary nutrition or substance abuse

to be analyzed and compared through the us-

programs. It is important for society to recog-

age of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and

nize that providing interventions for struggling

electron dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS).

mothers will help improve the health and family

The purpose of this experiment was to deter-

hardship for both mother and infant.

mine the next step in preventing the further pollution of marine ecosystems through the

Kathryn Mansour, ‘21

analysis of cosmetics available that contain il-

Major: Biochemistry

luminating properties on the market today to be

Faculty Mentor: Shreya Bhattacharyya

sure microbeads are not present. The EDS was

Project: Analysis and comparison of consum-

used to yield the composition of beauty prod-

er-based cosmetic products through the usage

ucts containing glitters, i.e. eyeshadows and

of scanning electron microscopy and electron

highlighters. Analysis of the surface topogra-

dispersive X-ray spectroscopy

phy of these cosmetic products was carried out using the SEM to study the degradation of the

Plastic microbeads are found in aquatic envi-

products that were submerged in a simulated

ronments and freshwater habitats across the

marine environment. Through this experimen-

globe and the full effect of these pollutants are

tation, the question of whether or not glitters

still unknown. Currently, the Microbead-Free

present in beauty products should be banned

Waters Act of 2015, which was put in place un-

alongside “rinse-off” products that contain

der the Obama administration, serves as a pro-

plastic microbeads, was addressed.

tection against the use of “rinse-off” cosmetics, under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.

Angela Meunier, ‘20

This law specifically bans the production and

Major: Biochemistry

distribution of cosmetics, toothpastes, and face

Faculty Mentor: Eric Luth

and body scrubs that contain plastic microbe-

Project: Understanding the Role of VEGF Re-

ads. However, it is predicted that many beauty

ceptor Proteins in Glutamate Neurons

products containing illuminating properties are composed of microplastics and are contributing

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and

to the further pollution of marine environments

its receptor (VEGFR) have a well-understood

and are still widely available for purchase. Over

role as a ligand and receptor tyrosine kinase

the course of this experiment, cosmetic prod-

pair that influences the growth of vascular-ized


Video Showcase

Natural, Behavioral, Health, an endothelial tissues. VEGFR has recently been

glutamate signaling.

found to play a role in AMPA type glutamate receptor (GluR1) endosomal recycling. Although

Mayra Morales, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

the mechanism for this is still unknown, the

Major: Exercise Science

re-cycling of GluR1s from the cell surface to

Faculty Mentor: Meghan Garvey

the early endosome and back via endosomal

Project: The Effect of Different Flexibility Pro-

vesicles is critical to the strength of glutamate

tocols on Strength and Power in Athletes: A

signaling across the synapse. Since neuron

Systematic Review

morphology is sig-nificantly different from that of endothelial tissue, the hypothesis of this re-

The purpose of this review is to identify the

search is that glutamate signaling can be mod-

most effective stretching protocol to increase

ulated by altering VEGFR concentration through

collegiate athleteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s strength and power per-

motor proteins specific to neuronal transport.

formance such as the countermovement jump

The model organism C. elegans was studied

test and sprint performance times. Methods: A

to determine genes that regulate intracellular

total of 15 research articles examine various

transport of neuronal VEGFR related protein

stretching protocols in collegiate or elite ath-

VER-1 along the ventral nerve cord. In vivo

letes. Results: A recurring pattern shows sta-

assays were performed using a fluorescently

tistical significance that long durations of static

tagged VER-1. To determine if this tag inter-

stretching has detrimental effects on counter-

fered with protein function, glutamate depen-

movement and sprint performance when com-

dent spontaneous reversal assays were per-

pared to dynamic stretching. On the other hand,

formed. Transport of VER-1 was observed via

a combination of stretching including dynamic

fluorescence microscopy and transformed into

stretching may reduce the adverse effects of

kymographs that graphically represent spatial

static stretching. Discussion: These findings

position over time. In future studies, RNAi will

may suggest that the most effective stretching

be used to create knockdowns of target protein

protocol may vary depending on the athlete,

expression; changes in speed and direction of

training status, duration and frequency of the

VER-1 movement will be assessed. This infor-

stretching. There isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t a clearly defined guide-

mation will provide a better understanding of

line that states which stretching protocol each

the movement of VER-1. This can provide an

sports team must follow. Depending on the ac-

avenue for future research into the specific mo-

tivity the athlete will participate, it will deter-

tor protein controls of mammalian VEGFRs in

mine what the most practical flexibility protocol

neurons as a possible drug target to modulate

will be in terms of efficiently warming up the

nd Data Sciences muscles in order to prevent injuries, muscle

males n=1 were excluded due to missing BMI

imbalances, and maximize sports performance.

data). A significance level of (p<0.05) was used.

Further research must be conducted due to the

The weekly PA levels among males were sig-

mixed and contradicting literature.

nificantly higher compared to females (p=0.02). The PA levels outside of PE class at the YMCA

Bethany Mutchler, ‘20

were 1258.8-minutes to 700-minutes compared

Major: Exercise Science

to 416.4-minutes to 237.6-minutes during PE

Faculty Mentor: Meghan Garvey

classes for males and females respectively. The


Physical Activity Implications and

calculated BMI (kg/m^2) reflected 26.9 and 25.1



(>85th percentile) respectively. Both groups





averaged 5.4 hours of sleep, and 84% yes, 8% maybe, and 8% no, when asked, “Is eating

Introduction: Inadequate levels of physical ac-

healthy important?”. Conclusion: On average

tivity (PA) and increased sedentary behavior

males achieved a higher weekly average of PA

among the younger generations are at the fore-

(min/wk.) inside and outside of class time spent

front of U.S. public health concerns. This study

at the YMCA compared to females. The rate of

assesses the levels of PA among local Edward

overweight and obesity in students did not cor-

M. Kennedy (EMK) high school students attend-

relate with older age. The number of students

ing The YMCA of Greater Boston. Purpose: The

was disproportionate and further studies are

purpose of this study is to investigate the social

necessary to determine the accurate analysis of

and demographic influences on PA among stu-

social and demographic influences on PA levels

dents ages 17-19 years old. Methods: A 20-ques-

among high school adolescents.

tion survey modeled by The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)

Sydney Oliver, ‘21

National Youth Fitness Survey (NNYFS) was ad-

Major: Biochemistry

ministered. The survey included body mass in-

Faculty Mentor:

dex (BMI) height relative to bodyweight PA vol-


ume (minutes/week), sleep (hours weekly), and


dietary habits. Data analysis and a two-sam-

[FeFe]-Hydrogenase and Maturase Genes

Mariam Ismail, Cassandra

Cloning E. coli Cells Expressing

ple t-test were assessed through 2019 Google Sheets and Microsoft Excel. Results: A total of

The use of fossil fuels is inarguably the great-

29 females (n=21) and males (n=8) students

est contributor to climate change, as well as

participated in the survey (females n=10 and

an incredibly unsustainable source of energy.


Video Showcase

Natural, Behavioral, Health, an Due to this global crisis scientific research has

Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA), is a manmade

emerged on renewable biofuels using bacteria

surfactant used in manufacturing industrial

and semiconductors with the ability to perform

products including Teflon products, water-

artificial photosynthesis. A sustainable ap-

proof fabrics, and firefighting foams. PFOA is a

proach to energy consumption is to construct a

non-biodegradable, organic pollutant that accu-

two step system that will utilize the solar light

mulates in the human body and environment.

spectrum to produce hydrogen gas as a fuel

Most common sources of exposure to PFOA

source. Step one consists of a photocatalytic

are contaminated food and drinking water.

visible light-activated semimetal that when ex-

Environmental contamination of this pollutant

posed to visible light will excite an electron from

has shown links to certain cancers, infertili-

the valence band to the conduction band allow-

ty, bodyweight reduction, hormone disruption,

ing it to reduce (MV). MV will act as an electron

endometriosis, and cancers including hepatic

transport intermediate to catalyze step two of

and testicular cancers (U.S. EPA, 2005). Both

the system which is the production of hydrogen

cancer and endometriosis are characterized by

gas from hydrogen ions via Escherichia coli (E.

over proliferative, highly migratory cells. The

coli) bacteria containing hydrogenase maturase

effects of PFOA on these cellular mechanisms

proteins. E. coli cells are cloned in three steps

are not fully understood. This research aims to

using restriction enzymes, beginning with the

determine the effects of PFOA on mammalian

PCR amplification of four Clostridium acetobu-

fibroblast migration, proliferation, and invasion.

tylicum hydrogenase and maturase genes. Am-

Proliferation assays will be used to determine

plified genes are transformed into E.coli cells

sublethal doses of PFOA for use in subsequent

via two vectors and the E. coli cells are added to

experiments. Scratch wound data will quantify

a previously established system containing the

any effects of PFOA on migration. Invasion as-

photocatalytic semimetal and MV. The efficiency

says will also quantify and visualize the effects

of the inorganic/whole cell system to then pro-

of PFOA exposure on cellular invasion, migra-

duce hydrogen gas is determined using a closed

tion, and action formation. Immunofluorescence

gas circulation system.

will be used to visualize cellular morphology and actin organization after exposure to PFOA

Joanna Pantazopoulos, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

compared to controls of octanoic acid and

Major: Biology

DMSO. Preliminary data indicates possible mor-

Faculty Mentor: Cassandra Saitow

phological changes resulting from PFOA expo-

Project: In Vitro Effects of Perfluorooctanoic

sure with concomitant effects on cell migration.

Acid on Mammalian Cell Migration and Invasion

nd Data Sciences Genevieve Peck, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

mental health arose as frequent correlates of

Major: Neuroscience and Behavior

body dissatisfaction. Furthermore, patterns of

Faculty Mentor: Gregory Feldman

relationships, minority stressors, experiences

Project: Body Image and Correlates in Sexual

of marginalization, and objectification revealed

Minority Men: A Systematic Review

new potential determinants of body image. The majority of the studies in this review were cross

Full author list of study: Genevieve E. Peck,

sectional in design, with only two longitudinal

Breana R. Marchwinski, Jennifer Oâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Flynn, Scott

studies out of the total 51 articles. Additional

Griffiths, Rachel F. Rodgers.

repeated measures research is necessary to examine how body image shifts over time in this

Body image concerns have been described as

population. The identified interactions between

disproportionately affecting sexual minority

body image concerns and other variables pro-

men compared to their heterosexual counter-

vide useful insight for the development of novel

parts. Although the body of literature support-

prevention and treatment strategies. Inter-

ing this finding continues to grow, compre-

ventions targeting emerging mediating factors

hensive reviews on this topic are lacking. The

such as internalized homonegativity could be

present study addresses this gap with a sys-

promising avenues to explore in future studies.

tematic examination of the publications on body image and its correlations among sexual mi-

Isis Danielle Rivera, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

nority men. Searches were conducted in June

Major: Biochemistry

2018 on PubMed, PsycInfo, and ScienceDirect,

Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera

returning a total of 51 results after ineligible

Project: Phenological Desynchronization and

articles were removed. The final pool of studies

Climate Change

included a diverse range of demographic data. Four broad research focuses emerged: body im-

Phenology is the study of animal and plant life

age in sexual minority men only (n = 33), body

cycles. Co-evolution of organisms within eco-

image in sexual minority men compared to oth-

systems has produced interspecies coordina-

er groups (n = 18), body image in individuals

tion of the timing of life cycle events, such as

with health conditions (n = 7), and body image

flowering, hibernation, reproduction, and mi-

in relation to other variables (n = 38). In this re-

gration. However, different species are cued by

view, sexual minority men differed significant-

different climatic signals like light, rainfall, and

ly from heterosexual men in most, but not all,

temperature. Changes in these signals alter the

measures of body image. Disordered eating and

timing of these events, causing shifts in the key


Video Showcase

Natural, Behavioral, Health, an parts of an organism’s life cycle. These shifts

tetrameric and monomeric, where the mono-

result in the desynchronization of co-evolved

meric form is known to aggregate in pathogenic

organisms that are dependent on one another

contexts. There is evidence that alpha-synucle-

known as phenological asynchrony. For exam-

in has a role in synaptic vesicle fusion and neu-

ple, caribou migration is prompted by seasonal

rotransmission, however it is not known if this

increases in day length, while the Arctic plants

is controlled by monomeric or tetrameric form.

caribou offspring consume are growing earlier

Caenorhabditis elegans will be used as a model

in the season due to warmer temperatures. The

organism to test alpha-synuclein variants dif-

shift to warmer temperatures results in less

fering in ability to form tetramers and their ca-

nutritious plants by the end of caribou migra-

pability to change neurotransmitter release. An

tion and ultimately higher calf mortality. Phe-

aldicarb behavioral assay will be performed to

nological mismatches that can be attributed to

look into the relationship of alpha-synuclein’s

climate change, such as this one, indicate the

physiological function and the amount of ace-

destabilization of ecosystems. Thus, I will be

tylcholine released at neuromuscular junctions

performing a literature review of recorded phe-

which leads to excessive contraction when aldi-

nological shifts and their relationship to climate

carb is present. Cloning must be used to create

change to demonstrate an oncoming trend that

alpha-synuclein variants for expression as C.

will disrupt key parts of ecosystems. Through-

elegans does not naturally express alpha-synu-

out this review, I will also indicate any patterns

clein. To make these plasmids we used restric-

found to be associated with this trend, including

tion enzyme digestion and NEBuilder HiFi DNA.

frequently impacted species and biomes.

The main focus of this project is to make and clone plasmids to help study the physiological

Devin Ryan, ‘20

function of alpha-synuclein and to test various

Major: Biology

protocols and methods to see if efficiency of

Faculty Mentor: Eric Luth

cloning can be improved.

Project: Creating Reagents to Study the Relationship Between Alpha-Synuclein Multim-

Elizabeth Saunders, ‘20

erization and Neuronal Activity

Major: Exercise Science Faculty Mentor: Meghan Garvey

Alpha-synuclein is a protein found mainly in the

Project: The Effect of Therapeutic Ultrasound

brain and is widely recognized for its role in

on Pain Management in Upper Extremity Diag-

Lewy Body formation in Parkinson’s disease. In

nosis: A Cross-Sectional Study

non-diseased tissue it exists in two main forms,

nd Data Sciences Purpose:

Therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) is a

treatment modality used in occupational ther-

patient’s subjective pain levels to objective rehabilitation progress.

apy (OT) practices to improve blood flow and accelerate healing by warming tissues, which

Hannah Scott, ‘20

thus can decrease pain levels. The purpose of

Major: Psychology

the study is to determine whether patients feel

Faculty Mentor: Elizabeth Donovan

TUS is an effective treatment modality in reduc-

Project: Student Adaptation to College Survey:

ing their pain levels. Methods: This cross-sec-

The Role of Self-Compassion in College Adjust-

tional study was based on a self-administered


mailed questionnaire completed between February 13, 2020 and March 4, 2020. Inclusion

The transition from high school to college can

criteria included current patients with upper

be a difficult adjustment for many students.

extremity diagnoses receiving TUS during their

Self-compassion has been found to be associ-

OT treatments at Spaulding Outpatient Center

ated with a range of positive psychosocial out-

in Cambridge, MA. Outcome measures taken

comes, and may also be associated with positive

before and after treatment utilizing the Glob-

college adjustment. The goal of this study was

al Rating of Change (GROC) and Numeric Pain

to look at the relationship between self-compas-

Rating Scale (NPRS), as well as open-ended

sion and overall college adjustment. Method:

questions. Statistical analysis performed on Mi-

Fifty-seven female college students (M: 19.45,

crosoft PowerPoint for Mac 2011 Version 14.6.7.

SD: 2.22) recruited from psychology classes at

Results: Patient 1 saw a 4-point reduction in

Simmons University participated in the study.

their NPRS initial to final NPRS score, whereas

Students completed the Self-Compassion Scale,

Patient 2 saw a 2-point reduction. Both patients

the Student Adaptation to College Question-

reported a GROC score of +7. Neither patient

naire and responded to open-ended questions

was certain that TUS treatments helped with

about their adjustment to college. Results:

pain relief. Conclusion: Even though quantita-

Pearson’s correlations revealed significant

tively both patients experienced a reduction in

associations between social adjustment and

pain, this may not have been directly from the

self-judgement and between academic adjust-

TUS treatments. Qualitatively, neither patient

ment and isolation. Results of the hierarchical

could attribute their pain relief directly to the

regression indicated that commuter student

TUS treatments. Therefore, we cannot conclude

status predicted social adjustment and that

that TUS is able to decrease a patient’s pain

both commuter student status and first-gen-

level. More research is needed to compare a

eration status predicted mindfulness. Analysis


Video Showcase

Natural, Behavioral, Health, an of open-ended questions revealed three over-

expert understanding of the API and significant

arching themes regarding students’ beliefs

technical skill. We hope to bridge the gap be-

about college adjustment: (1) The importance of

tween the researchers and the computing pow-

friends; (2) The importance of parental support;

er of AnVIL/Terra by creating a package of func-

(3) The importance of self-kindness. Discussion:

tions in R that researchers can easily use. Our

Findings from this study suggest that there

package currently supports searching through

are associations between aspects of self-com-

workspaces for relevant data and performing

passion and college adjustment and that social

quality analyses of the data. As the semester

support and self-care play an important role in

continues, we will extend our package’s func-

healthy adjustment to college. Further research

tionality to include extensive exploratory data

should be conducted to see if these associations

analysis, filtering, and synthetic cohort creation

can be found in larger samples and different

(combining related data that was not previously

types of student groups.

connected). Our package will allow researchers to easily find and understand data that can then

Eliot Stanton, ‘21, Natalie Starczewski, ‘22,

be processed through pre-existing AnVIL work-

Lauren Wagner, ‘21

flows. The package, called terraCUDA, will be

Major: Data Science and Analytics

available to the public through GitHub, and it

Faculty Mentor: Benjamin Stubbs

is in part funded by the Google Cloud Platform

Project: terraCUDA

Education Grants Program.

The AnVIL/Terra platform has enormous poten-

Rachel Stein, ‘22

tial to democratize access to genomic data; how-

Major: Chemistry

ever, it is underutilized due to usability issues

Faculty Mentor: Ahmed Radwan

that we hope to address. AnVIL is an online lab

Project: Determining the Effect of Substituents

space for the analysis and visualization of large

on the Stereoselectivity of 4π Disrotatory Ring

genomic-related data sets. Researchers can use

Closing Reactions

AnVIL by accessing and analyzing data through the cloud. This significantly increases the ac-

In order for any chemical reaction to occur, the

cessibility for researchers since they don’t need

reactant molecule must overcome an energy

the infrastructure in place to run these analytic

barrier before it can transform into the prod-

tools, and accessing these resources is much

ucts. This energy barrier, called the activation

cheaper through AnVIL/Terra. This platform is

energy, can be reached by using either heat or

lacking crucial functionality for anyone without

light. These reactions are called thermal and

nd Data Sciences photochemical reactions respectively. Thermal

age. The following case study documents a pa-

reactions are often performed at more extreme

tient with a massive rotator cuff tear given a

conditions and can produce more waste, so my

slow recovery physical therapy plan. For mas-

lab is studying photochemical reactions as a

sive rotator cuff tears, the re-tear rate is any-

greener alternative.

where from 50-90%. In cases of massive tear

The 4Ď&#x20AC; disrotatory ring closing reaction that I

slow treatments are believed to prevent failure

am analyzing is working towards the develop-

of surgical repair. Approximately one week af-

ment of organic photovoltaics, or solar cells,

ter a fall the patient underwent bicep tenodesis

and is also helping scientists understand pho-

and rotator cuff repair arthroscopic surgery of

tochemical reactions in general. I am working

the right shoulder, along with extensive de-

to create a reactivity model so that scientists

bridement of labral tears. Two weeks post-op-

can predict the products produced. This in-

eration the patient was evaluated by a physical

volves using computational methods, including

therapist. The evaluation was assessed through

density functional theory (DFT), and complete

a variety of tests including: FOTO score, as-

active space self-consistent field (CASSCF), to

sesses physical functional status, active and

explore the mechanism of the reaction. At this

passive range of motion of shoulder with and

point I have computed photophysical properties

passive elbow extension. The patient was pre-

of the reaction, and have started analyzing the

scribed mobilization, flexibility, strengthening,

reactant molecules on the excited state. This

and endurance exercises to improve mobility,

summer I will continue working on excited state

strength, and stability of the right shoulder af-

calculations to create the reactivity model.

ter repair. To see improvements, it is estimated the patient will have 16 weeks of treatment 2

Laura Sweeney, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

times per week. Throughout treatment ROM

Major: Exercise Science

and strength steadily improved and exercise

Faculty Mentor: Anna Aguilera

difficulty was progressed. The ultimate goal is

Project: Physical Therapy Programming After

for the patient to return to an active lifestyle

Massive Rotator Cuff Arthroscopic Surgery: A

after therapy with confidence in the repair of the

Case Study

right shoulder. The case study reveals that a slow treatment timetable is the most effective

Rotator cuff tears occur at the tendons connect-

way to make a full recovery and prevent a re-

ing the humerus to the scapula, which holds the

tear of the rotator cuff.

arm in the socket. This injury affects 22.1% of the population with increased incidence with


Video Showcase

Natural, Behavioral, Health, an Olivia Trull, ‘20

0.285). There was a significant difference in the

Major: Exercise Science

Dynamax weighted ball throws for the lacrosse

Faculty Mentor: Meghan Garvey

team (276.22 ± 30.87 cm to 345.72 ± 32.83 cm

Project: Effects of a Velocity Based Training

; p<0.01). Conclusion: a velocity-based banded

Program in Collegiate Athletes

bench press can be incorporated into a training program to improve horizontal output power,

Introduction: A velocity based training (VBT)

as measured with the Dynamax weighted ball

program has been found to be effective in im-


proving strength and power in a variety of athletes, but limited research has been done for

Morgan Weeg, ‘20

lacrosse and softball collegiate athletes. The

Major: Exercise Science

purpose of this study is to measure the effects of

Faculty Mentor: Joel Lombard

a VBT program on strength and power through

Project: Velocity Based Program and Linear

pre- and post- vertical testing. Methods: Twen-

Periodization for Strength and Power Develop-

ty-two collegiate lacrosse athletes and nineteen


collegiate softball athletes (Simmons University, Division III) were assigned identical training

There are a multitude of ways to improve

programs involving a velocity-based core exer-

strength and conditioning for an athlete’s devel-

cise. Both teams trained twice a week for five

opment. Across all sports, the desire and need

weeks. Pre- and post- testing was done to test

to be faster, stronger, and more explosive than

the effectiveness of the program by measuring

your competitor is expected to be accomplished

vertical jump heights, 25-yard sprint times, and

during the offseason. At Simmons University

Dynamax weighted ball throw distances. Veloc-

athletes use one of two different training pro-

ity ranges were assigned each week and the As-

grams in the off season, a velocity-based pro-

sess2Perform Bar Sensei was used to measure

gram, or linear periodization. VBT programming

and record velocities for each athlete. Data is

places an emphasis on preparing the athletes

presented as a mean ± standard deviation for

for game play, whereas linear periodization

each team. A p-value of less than 0.05 will be

focuses on adjusting the volume and intensity

used to measure significance. Results: There

over time to obtain the desired effect. My re-

were no significant improvements in vertical

search compares VBT and Linear Periodization

jump height for either team (Lacrosse: 15.05 ± 3

to determine which has the strongest founda-

inches to 14.45 ± 2.98 inches, P = 0.265; Softball:

tion for strength and power development. Four

17.2 ± 3.03 inches to 16.93 ± 2.30 inches, P =

all female division three college athletes will

nd Data Sciences partake in a vertical jump pre-training and post

sonalized music playlists for an hour a day for the

training test. Within the 4 teams, the soccer and

duration of the study, with a weekly check-in to

volleyball team will be training with linear peri-

evaluate any progress or concerns. In the pre and

odization, where lacrosse and softball complete

post intervention evaluations, a series of neuro-

a velocity-based training. The vertical pre- and

psychological tests are used, which measure a

post- jumps numbers will be analyzed to deter-

variety of factors such as cognitive ability, mem-

mine which program increases vertical num-

ory, anxiety, depression, and quality of life. Pre-

bers the most, supporting power development.

liminary data analysis shows variability within the

Due to VBTâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s emphasis on game play and speed

cognitively healthy subject group. The results will

and explosiveness, I expect to see that more

help us to understand the effect of a personalized

power development will occur in athletes that

music intervention in an older adult population on

completed the velocity-based training.

a more comprehensive basis, with the potential for the study to include cognitively impaired old-

Grace Wilson, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;20

er adults in the future. Ultimately, studies such


as this one that evaluate alternative treatments

Neuroscience and Behavior, Music


to pharmacological methods may influence the

Faculty Mentor: Amanda Carey

future course of cognitive degeneration research.


Neuropsychological assessment of

Future research that includes populations suffer-

sensitivity to receptive music intervention in

ing from Mild Cognitive Impairment or Subjective

older adults

Cognitive Decline, which are early diagnoses considered to be a precursor to further (and poten-

Music therapy has been shown to be useful to

tially more severe) cognitive decline may benefit

treat conditions that impact a wide range of

from these kinds of treatments.

cognitive abilities and overall well-being in older adults. Previous research indicates that both active and receptive music therapy interventions can be effective in improving several factors in an aging population. This study evaluates the effects of music therapy in cognitively healthy older adults. The therapeutic intervention involves an in-person session with a music therapist, followed by an eight-week receptive intervention period where participants are expected to listen to per-


Video Showcase

Honors 190: Talking in the 21s HONORS 190: TALKING IN THE 21ST CENTURY Talking in the 21st Century is one of the cornerstone courses in the Honors program. This yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s class, made up of first- and second-year Honors students, recorded videos of their speeches for the 2020 Virtual Showcase of Undergraduate Research and Creativity. Students choose their own topics based on academic and personal interests, and spend the semester researching, writing, editing, and preparing visuals for their speeches, working alongside each other in class workshops and group sessions. Faculty: Valerie Geary Presenters: Maddie Beckwith, Emerson Berriman, Katya Bunten, Anna Burt, Christina Cameron, Abrielle Cunningham, Sheli Dubovsky, Katherine Desormier, Laura Gaynor, Skyler Goodman, Sarah Granoff, Morgan Grant, Elizabeth Grover, Sofia Hirschmann, Samantha Hogan, Maijun Jamdee, Erika Jung, Miranda Leclerc, Samantha Margolin, Olivia Mathot, Ganad Neka, Safirah Norbert, Madeline Short, Tess Trahan, Chrystal Valentin

st Century


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2020 Simmons University Virtual Showcase of Undergraduate Research and Creativity  

The Simmons Undergraduate Symposium is a time-honored tradition that acknowledges and celebrates undergraduate scholarship. Students share t...

2020 Simmons University Virtual Showcase of Undergraduate Research and Creativity  

The Simmons Undergraduate Symposium is a time-honored tradition that acknowledges and celebrates undergraduate scholarship. Students share t...

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