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PHILOSOPHY - ‘Less is a bore!’ Expressive and individual as opposed to Modernist functionalism STYLE - Humour and personality, Retro design, Deconstruction

PHILOSOPHY - Popular modernism, Opulent architectural and decorative arts style in reaction to post-war austerity STYLE - Zig-zagged, geometric fan motifs, Symmetry and repetition, Inspiration from Egypt

DESIGNERS - Philippe Starck, Richard Rogers, Ettore Sottsass

(1975 - PRESENT)

ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT

(1850 - 1900)

PHILOSOPHY - Fitness for purpose, Honesty in design and making, The return to the designer-craftsman as a reaction against industrialisation

STYLE - Simplicity, Natural forms and materials, Splendour

DESIGNERS - William Morris, Ernest Gimson, C.R. Ashbee

ART NOUVEAU MOVEMENT

(1890 - 1905)

PHILOSOPHY - The languid line, New aesthetic values for a new urban lifestyle, Influence of other cultures

STYLE - Curvy ‘whiplash’ lines and stylised flowers, Languid feminine form

DESIGNERS - Charles Rennie Mackintosh, L.C. Tiffany, Antoni Gaudi

DESIGNERS - Eileen Gray, Albert Anis, Walter Dorwin Teague

POST-MODERNISM MOVEMENT

DESIGNERS - Raymond Loewy, Norman Bel Geddes, Henry Dreyfuss

STYLE - Aerodynamics, Teardrop shape, Futuristic inspiration

PHILOSOPHY - Consumerism and style, New prosperity and widened consumer choice, Celebrating speed and efficiency

(1935 - 1955)

STREAMLINING MOVEMENT

ART DECO MOVEMENT (1925 - 1939)

DESIGNERS - Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

STYLE - The machine aesthetic using modern materials, Simple, geometrically pure forms and clean lines

PHILOSOPHY - Functionalism, Reducing form to the most essential elements by omitting decorative frills

(1900 - 1933) (Bauhaus: 1919 - 1933)

MODERNISM AND THE BAUHAUS MOVEMENT

A beginners guide

Arts and Crafts, Art Nouveau, Modernism and Bauhaus, Art Deco, Streamlining and Post Modernism.

In this guide I aim to briefly look through 6 highly influential movements:

Factors that can influence design can be both external such as wars and technological development, or internal such as changes in taste or influencing characters within a company.

A combination of factors resulting in groups of designers producing ‘themed’ work that can generally be associated to a specified time period.

WHAT IS A DESIGN MOVEMENT?

References:

Information regarding the design movements - Edexcel A level product design and technology guide (2008), ISBN: 978 0 435757 78 6

Created by Liam Sholicar

Design Movements

Images on the poster all from Google image searches of the various design movements spoken about


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Design movements