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164 NATIONAL TRANSGENDER DISCRIMINATION SURVEY

LENGTH OF INCARCERATION

“I was arrested recently and the officer thought it necessary to announce in a loud tone to the entire jail that I was a transgender man.”

Respondents were asked to provide the total amount of time they have been in jail/prison throughout their lives.

In terms of race, Black respondents had by far the worst outcomes in terms of length of stay in jails/prisons. Five percent (5%) of African Americans sent to jail for any reason were incarcerated for 10 or more years and 10% were incarcerated for 5-10 years. By contrast, the only 4% of the full sample served 5 or more years in jail. As is true in other populations, participants’ jail time decreased as household income increased; educational attainment was also inversely correlated with jail time. Male-to-female transgender respondents reported servng more time than FTMs. In general, transgender respondents served longer sentences (or more sentences) than gender nonconforming participants, faring worse in every category except the lowest (serving under 6 months).

Total Length of Incarceration by Gender Identity/Expression (of Those Incarcerated) 100

94% 87%

90 80

79%

75%

70 60 50 40 30 20 10

10%

7% 2%

0

4%

8% 2%

3% 2%

MTF Under six months

FTM Six months to a year

6%

0% 0% 1%

One to three years

2% 3% 1%

All Trans Three to ve years

7%

4%

1% 1% 0%

GNC Five to ten years

Ten or more years

Profile for SAGE

Injustice at Every Turn: Report of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey  

Study released by the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force and National Center for Transgender Equality (NCTE) about the level of discriminat...

Injustice at Every Turn: Report of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey  

Study released by the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force and National Center for Transgender Equality (NCTE) about the level of discriminat...