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Types of Exercise

Types of Exercise There are four basic categories of exercise (endurance, strength, balance, and flexibility). We recommend that you incorporate these exercises into your weekly activity routine. The SHE program emphasizes walking (endurance) and featured exercise of the week (strength; balance; flexibility). ► Endurance: Endurance, or aerobic, activities increase your breathing and heart rate. They keep your heart, lungs, and circulatory system healthy and improve your overall fitness. As a result, they delay or prevent many diseases that are common in older adults such as diabetes and heart disease. Building your endurance makes it easier to carry out many of your everyday activities. ► Strength: Strength exercises make your muscles stronger. Even small increases in strength can make a big difference in your ability to stay independent and carry out everyday activities, such as climbing stairs and carrying groceries. Adults older than 50 years who do not perform resistance training lose nearly 1/4 pound of muscle mass per year. And muscle mass is directly related to how many calories your body burns each day. ► Balance: Balance exercises help prevent falls, a common problem in older adults. Many lower-body strength exercises also will improve balance. ► Flexibility: Flexibility exercises stretch your muscles and can help your body stay limber. Being flexible gives you more freedom of movement for other exercises as well as for your everyday activities. An individual’s exercise regime should include all four categories of exercise. The variety helps to keep physical activity interesting!

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Profile for SAGE

SHE (Strong. Healthy. Energized.) Facilitator's Guide  

The SHE Facilitator Guide provides information on the Strong, Healthy, Energized (SHE), a facilitator-led, group-based health and fitness pr...

SHE (Strong. Healthy. Energized.) Facilitator's Guide  

The SHE Facilitator Guide provides information on the Strong, Healthy, Energized (SHE), a facilitator-led, group-based health and fitness pr...

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