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Pre- and Post-SHE Check-ins

pressure checked regularly. Blood pressure is recorded as a ratio of two numbers: the systolic pressure and the diastolic pressure. The systolic pressure is the higher of the two numbers and measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats. The diastolic pressure is the lower of the two numbers and measures the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats. Using a blood pressure cuff (sphygmomanometer) and a stethoscope, the systolic pressure is recorded as the reading on the pressure valve when the sound of blood pulsing is first heard in the stethoscope and the diastolic pressure is recorded as the point at which the sound disappears. There are four general categories of blood pressure readings, ranging from normal blood pressure to high blood pressure: Systolic (higher number)

Diastolic (lower number)

Normal Blood Pressure

Less than 120

Less than 80

Prehypertension

Between 120–139

Between 80–89

Stage 1 hypertension

140 or more

90 or more

160 or more

100 or more

Stage 2 hypertension (High blood pressure)

Doctors may prescribe medication to manage high blood pressure but lifestyle changes are also helpful and necessary. Lifestyle changes that can help control and prevent high blood pressure include eating a healthier diet with less salt, exercising more, quitting smoking, managing stress and losing weight.

Balance/Fall Risk Older women are at a high risk for balance issues and falling—risk factors associated with falls include a person’s age, physical condition, chronic disease, and safety hazards in the person’s home or community environment. Among older adults, personal risk factors such as muscle weakness, poor balance, drop in blood pressure, slower reflexes and sensory problems may increase their risk of falling. The Timed Up and Go test is an easily administered physical performance test designed to test basic mobility skills of older adults. The Timed Up and Go test measures limited aspects of balance such as rising, walking, turning and sitting.

Check In/Out; Page 13

Profile for SAGE

SHE (Strong. Healthy. Energized.) Facilitator's Guide  

The SHE Facilitator Guide provides information on the Strong, Healthy, Energized (SHE), a facilitator-led, group-based health and fitness pr...

SHE (Strong. Healthy. Energized.) Facilitator's Guide  

The SHE Facilitator Guide provides information on the Strong, Healthy, Energized (SHE), a facilitator-led, group-based health and fitness pr...

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