Page 32

Bisexual women and men experience higher rates of gender-based discrimination (30%) than lesbians and gay men (11%). Lesbians are more likely to experience gender-based discrimination (27%) and age discrimination (41%) than gay men (5% and 31%, respectively). Where discrimination is experienced Discrimination takes place in many settings. Although the majority (58%) of LGBT participants experience discrimination due to their sexual orientation or gender identity in public venues, such as in a store, on the sidewalk, or taking public transportation, many have also experienced discrimination in other important settings.

Rates of discrimination in specific settings due to sexual orientation or gender identity Public place 58% Job or place of employment 19% Medical or health services 17% Faith, spiritual, or religious setting 15% Housing 14% Aging services 10% Other social services (not aging-related) 10% Interaction with police 10%

Abuse and victimization Unfortunately, all older adults can be vulnerable to elder abuse. Those who experience abuse are at increased risk for poor physical and mental health outcomes; their risk of mortality increases by a factor of three (National Center on Elder Abuse & Administration on Aging, n.d.), and the risk for nursing home placement by a factor of four (National Center on Elder Abuse, 2011). Abuse takes many forms, but in order to be classified as abuse, these acts must be committed by someone in a biological, legal, or other trusting relationship with the victim (e.g., family member, partner, friend, caregiver), or in an institutional setting (National Center on Elder Abuse, 2011). When committed by a stranger or someone else, these horrendous acts are classified as criminal victimization. Physical abuse includes being physically hurt, pushed, punched, or assaulted in any way, or being physically threatened by someone. Harassment includes being controlled by another. Verbal abuse also encompasses being threatened by someone. In addition to coerced sexual activity, being touched, grabbed, or groped without consent constitutes sexual abuse. Economic or financial abuse occurs when one feels forced or is tricked into giving someone money or property. Abuse and victimization experienced by LGBT older adult participants Neglect, being left without Abuse by friend, partner/spouse, Victimization by stranger Type of abuse basic needs, family, paid caregiver and other such as food, Verbal abuse 3% 14% water, or Harassed 3% 9% medications by Financially exploited 2% 4% a caregiver also Sexually abused 1% 4% falls under the Neglected 1% 2% rubric of abuse. Physically abused 1% 1% LGBT participants were asked if they had experienced these types of abuse in the past 12 months. Overall, 5% report that they have experienced at least one kind of abuse, and 21% have been victimized. Verbal abuse and victimization are the most common. 31

Profile for SAGE

Addressing the Needs of LGBT Older Adults in San Francisco: Recommendations for the Future  

This report examines results of a survey of more than 600 LGBT older adults in San Francisco in 2013.

Addressing the Needs of LGBT Older Adults in San Francisco: Recommendations for the Future  

This report examines results of a survey of more than 600 LGBT older adults in San Francisco in 2013.

Advertisement