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Taken from: http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/adjektive_steig.htm

Comparativos y superlativos se pueden formar morfológicamente, por la inflexión, como con el ER- Inglés y y - (e) las formas st, o sintácticamente. Adjetivos y adverbios comunes suelen producir las formas irregulares, como mejor y mejor (del bueno) y menos y menos (de poco / pocos) en Inglés. En muchos idiomas, incluyendo Inglés, la gramática tradicional requiere la forma comparativa que se utilizará cuando se están considerando exactamente dos cosas, incluso en construcciones en las que se utiliza el superlativo cuando se considera un número mayor. Por ejemplo, Que gane el mejor sería considerada correcta si sólo hay dos personas que compiten. Sin embargo, esta regla no siempre se observa en el uso informal, la forma que gane el mejor hombre a menudo se utiliza en esa situación, ya que si hubiera tres o más competidores involucrados. A - Comparison with -er/-est clean - cleaner - (the) cleanest We use -er/-est with the following adjectives: 1) Adjectives with one syllable positive

comparative

superlative

clean

cleaner

cleanest

new

newer

newest

cheap

cheaper

cheapest

2) Adjectives with two syllables and the following endings: 2 - 1) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -y positive

comparative

superlative

dirty

dirtier

dirtiest


easy

easier

easiest

happy

happier

happiest

pretty

prettier

prettiest

2 - 2) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -er positive

comparative

superlative

clever

cleverer

cleverest

2 - 3) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -le positive

comparative

superlative

simple

simpler

simplest

2 - 4) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -ow positive

comparative

superlative

narrow

narrower

narrowest

3) Spelling of the adjectives using the endings -er/-est positive

comparative

superlative

comment

large

larger

largest

leave out the silent -e

big

bigger

biggest

sad

sadder

saddest

dirty

dirtier

dirtiest

Change -y to -i (consonant before -y)

shy

shyer

shyest

Here -y is not changed (although consonant before -y)

Double the consonant after short vowel

B - Comparison with more - most positive

comparative

superlative

to

-i.


difficult

more difficult

(the) most difficult

all adjectives with more than one syllable (except some adjectives with two syllables - see 2 - 1 to 2 - 4)

C - Irregular adjectives positive

comparative

superlative

comment

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

much

more

most

uncountable nouns

many

more

most

countable nouns

little

less

least

little

smaller

smallest

D - Special adjectives Some adjectives have two possible forms of comparison (-er/est and more/most). positive

comparative

superlative

clever

cleverer / more clever

cleverest / most clever

common

commoner / more common

commonest / most common

likely

likelier / more likely

likeliest / most likely

pleasant

pleasanter / more pleasant

pleasantest / most pleasant

polite

politer / more polite

politest / most polite

quiet

quieter / more quiet

quietest / most quiet

simple

simpler / more simple

simplest / most simple


stupid

stupider / more stupid

stupidest / most stupid

subtle

subtler / more subtle

subtlest / most subtle

sure

surer / more sure

surest / most sure

E - Difference in meaning with adjectives: positive

comparative

superlative

comment

farther

farthest

distance

further

furthest

distance or time

later

latest

latter

x

x

last

older

oldest

people and things

elder

eldest

people (family)

nearer

nearest

distance

x

next

order

far

late

old

near

Adjetivos comunes Angry, bad, big, black, bland, bloody, blue, bold, bossy, brave, brief, bright, broad, busy, calm, cheap, chewy, crispy, dark, dry, early, easy, faint, fair, fancy, far, fast, fat, few, fine, firm, fit, flaky, flat, fresh, friendly, full, funny, gentle, gloomy, good, grave, greasy, great, gross, happy, hard, healthy, heavy, high, hip, hot, humble, hungry, rude, sad, shiny, single, slim, slow, smooth, spicy, sour, sweet, tasty, tight, thick, thin, ugly, warm, weak, wealthy, wet, wide, worthy, young.

Algunos adjetivos agrupados por terminaciones able

acceptable, available, capable, comfortable, desirable, ‌


al an ant ar ary ate ed en ent etic ful ible ic ical id ile ine ish less like ly ory ous sive some tive

abnormal, central, digital, conventional, personal, rational, … authoritarian, bohemian, republican, urban, veteran, … arrogant, constant, distant, dominant, pleasant, relevant, … familiar, particular, popular, similar, regular, spectacular, … arbitrary, contrary, elementary, involuntary, revolutionary, … accurate, adequate, considerate, delicate, desperate, … complicated, connected, expected, related, sacred, united, … barren, drunken, heartbroken, open, swollen, wooden, … absent, efficient, different, frequent, impatient, insolent, … diabetic, energetic, genetic, magnetic, pathetic, synthetic, … beautiful, careful, colorful, harmful, painful, successful, … audible, compatible, convertible, credible, impossible, … atomic, alcoholic, alergic, analytic, electronic, pacific, … alphabetical, asymetrical, biblical, biological, chemical, … arid, avid, candid, frigid, humid, hybrid, rapid, rigid, … agile, docile, fertile, fragile, hostile, sterile, versatile, … alkaline, bovine, divine, feminine, masculine, genuine, … amateurish, childish, feverish, foolish, lavish, selfish, … aimless, careless, fearless, flawless, friendless, harmless, … alike, childlike, ladylike, lifelike, manlike, warlike, … brotherly. chilly, costly, deadly, ghostly, holy, kindly, … circulatory, compensatory, conciliatory, contradictory, … ambiguous, anonymous, dangerous, famous, nervous, … aggresive, adhesive, compulsive, evasive, impulsive, … awesome, bothersome, tiresome, lonesome, gruesome, … addictive, attractive, constructive, corrective, defective, …

Comparativos y superlativos  
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