Issuu on Google+

 /·KHEGRPDGDLUHGHVpWXGLDQWVHQMRXUQDOLVPHGHO·8QLYHUVLWp/DYDO VOLUME XX NUMÉRO 15

81,9(56,7e

LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

'pÀEULOODWHXUVHQHQWUHSULVH

3KRWR5DSKDsO/DYRLH

foresterie

'pVDIIHFWLRQ pWXGLDQWH 3DJH

48e%(& les jeunes et le vélo

3HUWHGH YLWHVVH 3DJH

(175(98( oscars

3KLOLSSH )DODUGHDX 3DJH

&8/785( pause pour karkwa

3URMHWVROR GH6DJRW 3DJH

632576 nordiques Nation

(QWKRXVLDVPH HWHVSRLU 3DJH

/HFRXUDQW QHSDVVHSDV 0DUMRODLQH)DXFKHU PDUMRODLQHIDXFKHU#XODYDOFD

6HORQOXLODSUpVHQFHGH'($ GDQVOHVHQWUHSULVHVGHYUDLWrWUHUq JOHPHQWpH©/·H[WLQFWHXUGHIHXHVW 4XpEHF ³ 0DOJUp O·DFFHVVLELOLWp HW O·LPSRUWDQFH GHV GpÀ REOLJDWRLUH GDQV OH &RGH QDWLRQDO EULOODWHXUV HQWLqUHPHQW DXWRPDWLTXHV '($  OHXU SUpVHQFH GX EkWLPHQW &1%  DORUV TX·LO \ GDQV OHV HQWUHSULVHV HW LQVWLWXWLRQV TXpEpFRLVHV GHPHXUH DSOXVGHFKDQFHVTX·XQHSHUVRQQH PDUJLQDOH IDVVHXQDUUrWFDUGLDTXHTX·LO\DLW XQLQFHQGLH,OIDXWTXHFHVRLWDF HVW GX PRLQV FH TX·DI OHVPDQXIDFWXULHUVUHIXVDQWGHUpYp FHVVLEOHSDUWRXWªV·HVWLOH[FODPp ÀUPH OH GLUHFWHXU OHUOHGpWDLOGHOHXUVYHQWHVPDOJUp GHV VHUYLFHV FOLQLTXH OHVGHPDQGHVGHOD)RQGDWLRQ /D GLUHFWULFH G·$PEXODQFH HW ORJLVWLTXH GH OD &RRSpUDWLYH 6DLQW-HDQ DX EXUHDX UpJLRQDO GH GHV WHFKQLFLHQV DPEXODQFLHUV GX $XWRPDWLVpO·DSSDUHLOSHXWrWUH OD 9LOOH GH 4XpEHF &KDXGLqUH 4XpEHF &7$4  eULF +DPHO HQ XWLOLVpSDUQ·LPSRUWHTXLSRXUDXWDQW $SSDODFKHV HW &KDUOHYRL[ &KDU FKDUJH GX GRVVLHU GHV '($ ©/HV TX·LOVRLWIRUPpFRQWUDLUHPHQWDX[ OLQH *DXWKLHU7UHPEOD\ DSSURXYH HQWUHSULVHV QH VH VHQWHQW SDV SUp GpÀEULOODWHXUVHQPLOLHXKRVSLWDOLHU O·LPSRUWDQFH GH OD SUR[LPLWp GHV RFFXSpHV SDU oD (W OHV JHQV RQW TXLQHSHXYHQWrWUHPDQLpVTXHSDU DSSDUHLOV SHXUGHVDSSDUHLOVªDWLOGpFODUpj GHV PpGHFLQV /D GLIIpUHQFH TXH /·(;(03/$,5( FHV DSSDUHLOV IRQW HVW FDSLWDOH HW (OOH FRQVLGqUH SRXU VD SDUW VRXYHQW LQFRQQXH /D WHFKQLTXH TXH ©OD SRSXODWLRQ HQ JpQpUDOH HW 3RXU0+DPHOOHV'($VRQW GH 5&5 SHXW rWUH XWLOLVpH MXVTX·j OHVHQWUHSULVHVVRQWGHSOXVHQSOXV GHVPDFKLQHVWUqVÀDEOHVHWIDFLOHV O·DUULYpH GH O·DPEXODQFH HW G·XQ VHQVLEOHVª j OD WHFKQLTXH GH 5&5 G·XWLOLVDWLRQ0DLQWHQDQWWRXWHVOHV GpÀEULOODWHXUPDLVF·HVWFHGHUQLHU HWjO·REWHQWLRQG·XQ'($ IRUPDWLRQV GH UpDQLPDWLRQ FDUGLR TXL SHXW UpHOOHPHQW UpDQLPHU OD UHVSLUDWRLUH 5&5  LQWqJUHQW FHOOH SHUVRQQH 8QFR€WFRQWURYHUVp GHO·XVDJHG·XQ'($ 6HORQ 0PH *DXWKLHU7UHP ©'DQV OH PHLOOHXU GHV GpODLV EOD\ F·HVW HQWUH DXWUHV XQH TXHV 6HORQ 0DU\VH %pJLQ O·DPEXODQFH DUULYH HQ TXDWUH RX WLRQ GH SUL[ ©&H TXL IUHLQH OHV FRQVHLOOqUH HQ FRPPXQLFDWLRQV j FLQT PLQXWHV 2U FKDTXH PLQXWH HQWUHSULVHVF·HVWOHFR€WpOHYpGHV OD)RQGDWLRQGHVPDODGLHVGXFRHXU TXLSDVVHVDQVOHFKRFHQOqYH DSSDUHLOVªDWHOOHDIÀUPp GX &DQDGD LO Q·HVW FHSHQGDQW SDV GHV FKDQFHV GH VXUYLH /·DSSDUHLO SRVVLEOHGHFKLIIUHUOHQRPEUHG·HQ VXU OHV OLHX[ IDLW WRXWH OD GLIIp 8QH SRVLWLRQ TXL Q·HVW SDV WUHSULVHVV·pWDQWSURFXUpHVXQ'($ UHQFHªDLQVLVWp0+DPHO SDUWDJpHSDU0+DPHO©8Q'($

FR€WHHQWUHHWFHTXL Q·HVWSDVWUqVRQpUHX[SRXUODPD MRULWpGHVHQWUHSULVHV'·DXWDQWSOXV TXH VRXYHQW LOV VRQW GpGXFWLEOHV G·LPS{WVª 3RXU 0 +DPHO F·HVW GDYDQ WDJH XQ PDQTXH G·pGXFDWLRQ HW GH VHQVLELOLVDWLRQ DX VHLQ GH OD SR SXODWLRQ ­ FH VXMHW XQ QRXYHDX SURJUDPPH D pWp ODQFp O·DXWRPQH GHUQLHUSDUOHPLQLVWqUHGHOD6DQWp HWGHV6HUYLFHVVRFLDX[HQSDUWHQD ULDWDYHFOD)RQGDWLRQGHVPDODGLHV GX F±XU HW OD &RUSRUDWLRQ G·XU JHQFHVVDQWp ©+pURVHQPLQXWHVFKURQRª HVW XQH YHUVLRQ DEUpJpH GX FRXUV WUDGLWLRQQHOGH5&5HWGpPRQWUHUD DXVVL O·XVDJH G·XQ '($ 1DXWLOXV 3OXV FROODERUHUD QRWDPPHQW j FH SURJUDPPHHQO·RIIUDQWGDQVWRXWHV VHVVXFFXUVDOHVGH4XpEHFDXFR€W GHVDPHGLSURFKDLQ '·DLOOHXUV OHV FHQWUHV G·HQ WUDvQHPHQW 1DXWLOXV 3OXV VH VRQW GpPDUTXpVHQHQpWDQWOHVSUH PLHUV j LQVWDOOHU XQ GpÀEULOODWHXU GDQVFKDFXQHGHOHXUVVXFFXUVDOHV ELHQTXHFHQHVRLWREOLJDWRLUHSRXU DXFXQHHQWUHSULVHDX4XpEHF

3UpFDPSDJQH DX 3/4 3DUWL4XpEHFRLV<RXWXEH

©&·HVWGHO·LQGpFHQFHªS


U



N IV E RSITÉ

L’EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

5HFKHUFKHHQQHXURVFLHQFHV

EN BREF

/DYDOV·LOOXVWUH PRQGLDOHPHQW

toit du stade telus (QFRUHGHV SUREOqPHV

'

HV IXLWHV G·HDX RQW pWp FRQVWDWpHV GHSXLV YHQ GUHGLGHUQLHUDX6WDGH7HOXVGX 3(36 8Q GpIDXW G·pWDQFKpLWp GH OD WRLWXUH HVW HQ FDXVH FHWWH IRLVFL GHX[ VHPDLQHV DSUqV OH VLJQDOHPHQWG·XQHDQRPDOLHVXU OHV JRXWWLqUHV GX WRLW 8Q SUR EOqPH PLQHXU SXLVTXH OD IXLWH D GpMj pWp FROPDWpH VHORQ -HDQ 5LFKDUG GLUHFWHXU GX VHUYLFH GHV LPPHXEOHV j O·8/ TXL D FRPPHQWpODQRXYHOOHj5DGLR &DQDGD -%'

droits de scolarité 3pWLWLRQHQOLJQH

$

ORUVTXHODJUqYHpWXGLDQWH FRQWUHODKDXVVHGHVGURLWV GHVFRODULWpSUHQGGHO·DPSOHXU XQH SpWLWLRQ D pWp SUpVHQWpH j O·$VVHPEOpH QDWLRQDOH SDU OD 7DEOHGH&RQFHUWDWLRQeWXGLDQWH GX 4XpEHF 7D&H4  HW OH FKHI G·2SWLRQ QDWLRQDOH -HDQ0DU WLQ$XVVDQW (OOH GHPDQGH RIÀ FLHOOHPHQWDXJRXYHUQHPHQWGX 4XpEHFGHUHYHQLUVXUODKDXVVH GHVGURLWVGHVFRODULWp/XQGLOD SpWLWLRQDYDLWUDVVHPEOpSOXVGH VLJQDWXUHV -%'

fin de mandat eOHFWLRQVjOD &$'(8/

/

DSpULRGHGHPLVHHQFDQGL GDWXUHSRXUOHVpOHFWLRQVGX FRQVHLO G·DGPLQLVWUDWLRQ HW GX FRPLWpH[pFXWLIGHOD&$'(8/ SRXU O·DQQpH  V·HVW RXYHUWHOXQGLGHUQLHU/·pOHFWLRQ GHV DGPLQLVWUDWHXUV GH O·DVVR FLDWLRQ VH IHUD ORUV GH O·pOHF WLRQ JpQpUDOH DQQXHOOH GHV  HW  PDUV SURFKDLQV &HOOH GX FRQVHLOH[pFXWLIGHOD&$'(8/ DXUD OLHX OH  PDUV SURFKDLQ -%'

course au rectorat &RXSG·HQYRL

/

D SURFpGXUH G·pOHFWLRQ DX SRVWHGHUHFWHXUDFRPPHQ FpOXQGLGHUQLHUDYHFO·pWDEOLVVH PHQWGHODOLVWHGHVPHPEUHVGX FROOqJHpOHFWRUDO/HVFDQGLGDWV RQW GpVRUPDLV XQ PRLV SRXU VH SUpVHQWHUVRLWMXVTX·DXPDUV jPLGL$SUqVVpOHFWLRQGHVFDQ GLGDWXUHV SDU OH SUpVLGHQW GHV pOHFWLRQVHWOHFROOqJHpOHFWRUDO OD VpDQFH G·pOHFWLRQ GX UHFWHXU DXUD OLHX OH HU PDL SURFKDLQ 6RQPDQGDWSUHQGUDHIIHWjSDU WLUGXHUMXLQ -%' 

HOHFWULFLHQTXHEHF<RXWXEH

©/HVGpEDWVF·HVWFRUUHFW-·DLPHTXHOHVJHQVV·H[SULPHQWª DGpFODUpeULF'XKDLPH

'XKDLPHj/DYDO

'HVSURSRV TXLIRQWUpDJLU &KORp1RsO FKORHVWHSKDQLHQRHO#XODYDOFD &LWp XQLYHUVLWDLUH ³ /·LQLTXLWp HQWUH OHV JpQpUDWLRQV HW OH GpEDW JDXFKHGURLWH pWDLHQW DX FHQWUH GX GLVFRXUV G·eULF 'XKDLPHjO·8QLYHUVLWp/DYDOODVHPDLQHGHUQLqUH/HFKUR QLTXHXU HW DXWHXU GX OLYUH /·eWDW FRQWUH OHV MHXQHV D XQH YLVLRQGHO·DYHQLUGH4XpEHFTXLQHIDLWSDVO·XQDQLPLWp

/

HV pWXGLDQWV Q·RQW SDV WDU Gp j VH GLYLVHU SRXU UpDJLU DX[ SURSRV GX FRQIpUHQ FLHU ©dD IDLW GX ELHQ G·HQWHQGUH XQ GLVFRXUV FRPPH oD j O·8/ -H VXLV SOXW{W G·DFFRUG DYHF FH TX·eULF 'XKDLPH DSSRUWH PrPH V·LO P·pQHUYH VRXYHQWª D ODQFp *XLOODXPH5DWWp&{WppWXGLDQWHQ VFLHQFHSROLWLTXH eULF 'XKDLPH SU{QDQW OH OL EHUWDULVPH XQH IRUPH GH GURLWH SROLWLTXH OpJLWLPH DX 4XpEHF VH GpVROH GH FRQVWDWHU TXH SRXU OD SUHPLqUH IRLV OHV 4XpEp FRLV FRQQDvWURQW XQH JpQpUDWLRQ SOXV SDXYUH TXH FHOOH GH OHXUV SDUHQWV

&RQWUHUODJDXFKH

/HV FRPPHQWDLUHV Q·DERQ GDLHQW SDV WRXV GDQV OH PrPH VHQV 3HQGDQW OD SpULRGH GH TXHVWLRQV OHV pFKDQJHV RQW VRXOHYpGHVFRQWUDGLFWLRQV

'HVDYLVFRQWUDLUHV ©&·HVW FRPSOqWHPHQW ULGL FXOH O·eWDW QH FRQWU{OH SDV OHV MHXQHV eULF 'XKDLPH QH GRQQH SDV OHV ERQV FKLIIUHV QH FLWH SDV VHV UpIpUHQFHV HW LO Q·DSSRUWH SDV G·DUJXPHQWV ,O QRXV GLW TXH OD 5pJLHGHVUHQWHVYDPDQTXHUG·DU JHQWHQPDLVF·HVWIDX[,O\ DGHVDMXVWHPHQWVTXLRQWpWpYRWpV HW TXL YRQW rWUH PLV HQ SODFHª D FRPPHQWp0DKGL%HQ0RXVVDXQ pWXGLDQWDXEDFFDODXUpDWLQWpJUpHQ SKLORVRSKLHHWVFLHQFHSROLWLTXHj O·8/

/H FRQIpUHQFLHU D pWp LQYLWp SDUO·$VVRFLDWLRQFRQVHUYDWULFHGH ©&·HVWGHODGpPDJRJLHGH$j O·8/©/HVLGpHVG·eULF'XKDLPH = eULF 'XKDLPH GLW TX·RQ HVW GH VRQW LPSRUWDQWHV GDQV OH GpEDW SOXVHQSOXVLQGpSHQGDQWVF·HVWV€U SROLWLTXH TXpEpFRLV TXH GDQV XQ FRQWH[WH 2Q YRXODLW OXL GRQ GH PRQGLDOLVDWLRQ oD ©,O\DGHV QHU XQH WULEXQH SRXU YD rWUH FRPPH oDª FUDLQWHVDX D DMRXWp -RVpH)Up FRQWUHU O·DERQGDQFH G·LGpHV GH JDXFKH GpULTXH %LURQ pWX 4XpEHFRQ GDQV OHV FRQIpUHQFHV Q·HVWSDVKD GLDQWH HQ VFLHQFH GRQQpHV j O·8QLYHU SROLWLTXH ELWXpDX[Gp VLWp/DYDOªDH[SOLTXp EDWVJDXFKH 5pPL 5LFKDUG SUpVL eULF 'XKDLPH D GURLWHª GHQW GH O·$VVRFLDWLRQ LQGLTXp j /·(;(0 FRQVHUYDWULFH 3/$,5(rWUHVDWLVIDLWGH VD FRQIpUHQFH ©,O \ D 3RXUUHPERXUVHUODGHWWHFDX HXXQERQGLDORJXHLO\DYDLWEHDX VpH SDU OHV EDE\ERRPHUV eULF FRXS GH SHUVRQQHV /HV JHQV RQW 'XKDLPH FURLW TXH OHV 4XpEpFRLV SRVpGHVTXHVWLRQVOpJLWLPHV&·HVW YRQWGHYRLUVXUH[SORLWHUOHVMHXQHV V€UTX·LO\DGHVFUDLQWHVDX4Xp HW OHV UHVVRXUFHV QDWXUHOOHV ©6RQ EHFRQQ·HVWSDVKDELWXpDX[GpEDWV FRQVWDW oD IDLW ORQJWHPSV TXH MH JDXFKHGURLWHªDH[SOLTXp0'X O·DL IDLW ,O \ D XQ WURS JURV HQ KDLPH ©/HV GpEDWV F·HVW FRUUHFW GHWWHPHQW DX 4XpEHF ,O \ D XQH -·DLPH TXH OHV JHQV V·H[SULPHQW FODVVH GH SULYLOpJLpV TXL FDQQL PRLPrPH MH QH PH JrQH SDV EDOLVHQW OHV UHVVRXUFHVª D DMRXWp dD SURXYH TX·RQ SHXW PDLQWHQDQW 05DWWp&{Wp GpEDWWUHª

0LFKDsOOH2XHOOHW PLFKDHOOHRXHOOHW#XODYDOFD &LWpXQLYHUVLWDLUH³/DGpFRXYHUWHGHWURLVFKHUFKHXUVGH O·8QLYHUVLWp/DYDOGDQVOHGRPDLQHGHVQHXURVFLHQFHVHW GHODÀEUHRSWLTXHIDLWEULOOHUO·XQLYHUVLWpTXpEpFRLVHVXU ODVFqQHLQWHUQDWLRQDOH

/

D WKqVH GH GRFWRUDW GH <RDQ /HFKDVVHXU SRUWDQW VXU XQH ÀEUH RSWLTXH H[ WUrPHPHQW SHWLWH O·XQH GHV GL[ GpFRXYHUWHV GH O·DQQpH VHORQ OH PDJD]LQH 4XpEHF 6FLHQFH SURÀWHUDjO·8/VHORQ3DXO)RU WLHU YLFHUHFWHXU j OD UHFKHUFKH HW j OD FUpDWLRQ ©8QH GpFRX YHUWH XQLTXH GH FHWWH HQYHUJXUH DPqQHUD pQRUPpPHQW GH QRWR ULpWp SRXU O·8QLYHUVLWpª V·HVWLO UpMRXL

DX[ FKHUFKHXUV GH YHQGUH OHXU SURGXLWFRPPHLOVOHGpVLUDLHQW VDQVSDVVHUSDUO·XQLYHUVLWp 0DOJUp FHWWH VLWXDWLRQ TXL SRXUUDLW DWWpQXHU OHV UHWRPEpHV SRXU O·8/ 0 )RUWLHU D WHQX j UHODWLYLVHU OD FKRVH ©6L OH SUR MHW Q·HVW SDV EUHYHWp DX QRP GH O·8QLYHUVLWp/DYDOOHVWURLVFKHU FKHXUV WUDYDLOOHQW TXDQG PrPH LFL'RQFOHQRPGHO·LQVWLWXWLRQ VHIDLWWRXWGHPrPHYDORLUDWLO GpIHQGX(QSOXVOHVFKHUFKHXUV SDUWLFLSHURQWjGHVFRQJUqVLQWHU QDWLRQDX[DXQRPGHFHOOHFLª

/·LQQRYDWLRQ PLVH DX SRLQW SDUOHVWURLVFKHUFKHXUVFRQFHUQH ODSURGXFWLRQG·XQHÀEUHRSWLTXH pOHFWULTXH WHOOHPHQW ÀQH TX·HOOH 'pMjGHV SHUPHW GH WRXFKHU XQ VHXO QHX DFKHWHXUV URQH j OD IRLV HW G·HQ FRQWU{OHU 'H VRQ F{Wp <RDQ /H O·DFWLYLWp 3RXU O·LQV FKDVVHXU WUDYDLOOH WDQW j O·pWDW GH SURMHW GpVRUPDLV SRXU OD ©8QHGpFRX OHV FKHUFKHXUV HVSq FRPSDJQLH 'RULF UHQW ELHQW{W SRXYRLU YHUWHXQLTXH /HQVHV TXL SDUWLFLSH GHFHWWH pWHQGUH OHXU GpFRX G·DLOOHXUV DX SURMHW YHUWH j GHV DSSOLFD HW FRQWLQXH GH FROOD HQYHUJXUH WLRQVVXUO·KRPPH ERUHUDYHF0GH.R DPqQHUD QLQFNSRXUGRQQHUHQ 0 /HFKDVVHXU pQRUPpPHQW FRUHSOXVG·DPSOHXUj GHQRWRULpWp OHXUVWUDYDX[ D FRpFULW FHWWH WKqVH DYHF 5pDO 9DOOpH GL SRXUO·8QL UHFWHXU GX FHQWUH RS 5pDO9DOOpHDDI YHUVLWpª WLTXH GH O·8QLYHUVLWp ÀUPp TXH OD GpFRX /DYDO (OOH D pWp VX YHUWH GHYDLW WRXW DX SHUYLVpH SDU<YHV GH .RQLQFN WUDYDLO DFKDUQp HW j OD SHUVpYp GRQW OHV WUDYDX[ GDQV OH GR UDQFHGH0/HFKDVVHXU©*UkFH PDLQHGHVQHXURVFLHQFHVOXLRQW j OXL QRWUH SURMHW HVW UHFRQQX YDOXG·rWUHQRPPpODXUpDWSRXU LQWHUQDWLRQDOHPHQWHWGHJURVVHV OD SHUVRQQDOLWp GH O·DQQpH SDU FRPSDJQLHV VRQW LQWpUHVVpHV j /(62/(,/HW5DGLR&DQDGD DFKHWHUOHSURGXLWªDWLODIÀUPp ©/HSXEOLFFLEOHTXLEpQpÀ FLHSRXUOHPRPHQWGHFHWWHÀEUH RSWLTXH FH VRQW OHV DQLPDX[ VRXIIUDQW GH GRXOHXUV FKUR QLTXHV/HSURMHWQ·DSDVHQFRUH pWpWHVWpVXU GHV KXPDLQV,OHVW pYLGHQW TXH QRXV YRXORQV TXH FHX[FLHQSURÀWHQWªDDLQVLH[ SOLTXp0/HFKDVVHXU

%UHYHWLQGpSHQGDQW 6LOHSURMHWpPDQHGHFKHU FKHXUV GH O·8QLYHUVLWp /DYDO LO Q·D FHSHQGDQW SDV pWp EUHYHWp DXQRPGHO·XQLYHUVLWp/DFRP SOH[LWp GHV IRUPDOLWpV j UHPSOLU HVWO·XQHGHVUDLVRQVTXLMXVWLÀH FHFKRL[0/HFKDVVHXUDLQGL TXp TX·LO QH SURFpGHUDLW SDV GH OD PrPH IDoRQ V·LO IDOODLW UH FRPPHQFHU ,O D QpDQPRLQV UH PDUTXp TXH FHW pWDW SHUPHWWDLW

/·DPSOHXU GH FHWWH GpFRX YHUWHOHXUDSHUPLVGHSXEOLHUXQ DUWLFOHGDQVODSUHVWLJLHXVHUHYXH GHVFLHQFHV 1DWXUH0HWKRGVTXL SUpVHQWH OHV DYDQFpHV GDQV OHV GRPDLQHV GH OD WHFKQLTXH HW GH OD PpWKRGRORJLH VFLHQWLÀTXH 3DU DLOOHXUV GHX[ LQVWLWXWLRQV RQWDFKHWpOHSURMHWO·8QLYHUVLWp GH<DOHDX&RQQHFWLFXWDLQVLTXH ODIRQGDWLRQSULYpHjEXWQRQOX FUDWLI +RZDUG +XJKHV 0HGLFDO ,QVWLWXWHGDQVOH0DU\ODQG '·DXWUHV FRPSDJQLHV j WUD YHUVOHPRQGHVHVRQWpJDOHPHQW GLWHV LQWpUHVVpHV SDU OD GpFRX YHUWH/RUVTXHOHVFOLHQWVSRVVq GHQWODEDVHGHO·pTXLSHPHQWVXU OHVQHXURQHVLOVSHXYHQWVHSUR FXUHU OH QRXYHDX SURGXLW SRXU HQYLURQ&$1


U

L’EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

N I VERS I T É



&DQGLGDWVDXUHFWRUDW

)ORUHQFH 3LURQGDQV ODFRXUVH *DEULHOOH6LPDUG JDEULHOOHVLPDUG#XODYDOFD &LWpXQLYHUVLWDLUH³)ORUHQFH3LURQSURIHVVHXUHjOD)D FXOWp GHV OHWWUHV HVW OD TXDWULqPH j DQQRQFHU VD FDQGL GDWXUHjO·REWHQWLRQGXSRVWHGHUHFWHXU(OOHGpVLUHDLQVL DOLPHQWHUOHGpEDW

6

HORQ0PH3LURQVDFDQGL GDWXUH GRLW VHUYLU j QRXU ULU OHV GLVFXVVLRQV GH OD FRXUVHDXUHFWRUDW(QHIIHWHOOH FURLWTXHVHVFKDQFHVG·rWUHpOXH VRQW SOXW{W PLQFHV 0DLV HOOH D DIÀUPpTXHVDFDQGLGDWXUHDYDLW XQDXWUHREMHFWLIFHOXLG·DPHQHU XQ FHUWDLQ QRPEUH G·LGpHV GDQV OH GpEDW pOHFWRUDO ©-H YHX[ Gp IHQGUH PHV LGpHV HW REOLJHU OHV FDQGLGDWVjVHSURQRQFHUjFHVX MHWªV·HVWHOOHMXVWLÀpH ©-·DYDLV SHXU TXH FH VRLW WRXMRXUV XQ SHX OHV PrPHV GLV FRXUV FRPPH OH IDLW TXH O·8/ VRLWXQHXQLYHUVLWpGHUHFKHUFKH HW TX·HOOH ÀQDQFH GHV FKDLUHV j GHV PLOOLRQV GH GROODUV SRXU IDLUHYHQLUGHVSURIHVVHXUVSUHV WLJLHX[ 3RXU PRL FH Q·HVW SDV FHODTX·LOIDXWIDLUH,OIDXWHQJD JHUGHVSURIHVVHXUVGpYRXpVSDV GHVHVSqFHVG·pWRLOHVÀODQWHVTXL SDVVHQW G·XQH XQLYHUVLWp j XQH DXWUHªDWHOOHVWDWXp 0PH3LURQH[SOLTXHTXHVD GpFLVLRQ UHPRQWH j O·DXWRPQH SDVVp (OOH Q·D SDV FRPSOqWH PHQWWHUPLQpGHUpGLJHUVRQSUR JUDPPHPDLVHOOHGLWDYRLUXQH LGpHDVVH]SUpFLVHGHFHGRQWHOOH YHXW SDUOHU SRXU IDLUH DYDQFHU OHV FKRVHV ©/·8/ YDORULVH XQH IRUPH GH UHFKHUFKH LQWHUQDWLR QDOHHWMHWURXYHTXHoDVHIDLWDX GpWULPHQWGHO·DQFUDJHGHO·XQL YHUVLWp GDQV VD FRPPXQDXWpª DWHOOHH[SRVp &·HVW SRXUTXRL HOOH VRXKDL WHUDLW TX·XQ YLFHUHFWRUDW VRLW FUpp SRXU IDLUH GDYDQWDJH GH OLHQVHQWUHO·XQLYHUVLWpHWVDFRO OHFWLYLWp©,OVHUDLWSRVVLEOHG·HQ FRXUDJHU HW GH FRRUGRQQHU OHV OLHQV HQWUH OHV SURIHVVHXUV OHV FKHUFKHXUV HW OHV pWXGLDQWV DYHF ODFRPPXQDXWpªDWHOOHDMRXWp 0PH3LURQV·HVWSDUDLOOHXUV SURQRQFpHHQIDYHXUG·XQFKDQ JHPHQW GDQV OHV UDSSRUWV HQWUH O·XQLYHUVLWpHWO·LQGXVWULHSULYpH ©/HUHFWRUDWDFWXHOFUpHGHVHQ WHQWHV DYHF GHV HQWUHSULVHV SUL

YpHV SRXU HQVXLWH GRQQHU j XQ SDYLOORQ OH QRP GH FHWWH HQWUH SULVHDWHOOHGpQRQFp6HXOVOHV QRPVG·pWXGLDQWVTXLRQWHXXQH EHOOH FDUULqUH GH FKHUFKHXUV GH SURIHVVHXUV GHYUDLHQW SRXYRLU VHUYLUjQRPPHUGHVSDYLOORQVª

3KRWR5DSKDsO/DYRLH

©2QDXQPDJQLÀTXHH[HPSOHVXUOHFDPSXVDYHFOHVWDGH7HOXV/HERLVHVWXQH[FHOOHQWPDWpULDXSRXU GHVSLqFHVDXVVLORQJXHV&·HVWO·DYHQLUªDGpFODUp/XF%RXWKLOOLHU

5HOqYHHQIRUHVWHULH

/D)DFXOWp ERXGpH

'HO·pFKRFKH]OHVDXWUHV FDQGLGDWV 3RXU5REHUW0DQWKDGR\HQ GH OD )DFXOWp GHV VFLHQFHV GH O·DGPLQLVWUDWLRQ HW pJDOHPHQW GDQV OD FRXUVH OD FDQGLGDWXUH GH 0PH 3LURQ HVW XQH ERQQH FKRVH ©4X·XQH SHUVRQQH GH SOXVGpFLGHG·DPHQHUGHVLGpHV HW G·HQ GLVFXWHU F·HVW IRUPL GDEOH V·HVWLO UpMRXL -H YHX[ YUDLPHQWTXHODFRXUVHDXUHFWR UDW VRLW XQH FDPSDJQH G·LGpHV GH GLVFXVVLRQV GH GpEDWV SRXU IDLUH DYDQFHU OHV FKRVHV (W F·HVWDYHFGHVRSLQLRQVGLYHUVHV TX·RQ\DUULYHª 'H VRQ F{Wp OH FDQGLGDW HW GR\HQGHOD)DFXOWpGHVVFLHQFHV VRFLDOHV)UDQoRLV%ODLVHVWG·DF FRUG DYHF O·LGpH GH 0PH 3LURQ ,O VRXKDLWH TX·LO \ DLW FDPSDJQH G·LGpHVHWGHGpEDWV©,OGHYUDLW\ DYRLUGHVGpEDWVWKpPDWLTXHVRU JDQLVpVSDUOHVDVVRFLDWLRQVG·pWX GLDQWVSDUH[HPSOHªDODQFp0 %ODLV HQ HQWUHYXH j /·(;(0 3/$,5(HQGpEXWGHVHPDLQH ,QWHUURJp VXU O·HIIHW TXH OH QRPEUHFURLVVDQWGHFDQGLGDWXUHV SRXUUDLWDYRLUVXUVHVFKDQFHV0 %ODLV D UpSRQGX TX·LO Q·\ YR\DLW SDV G·LQFRQYpQLHQWV ,O D FHSHQ GDQWHVWLPpTXHF·pWDLWLQKDELWXHO GH YRLU XQ QRPEUH DXVVL JUDQG  GHFDQGLGDWXUHV ©'·KDELWXGHF·HVWWURLVFDQ GLGDWV ORUVTX·LO V·DJLW GH UHQRX YqOHPHQW G·XQ PDQGDWª DWLO GLWVXSSRVDQWTX·LOSRXUUDLW\HQ DYRLUSOXVGHFLQTGDQVO·DFWXHOOH FRXUVH ­FHVXMHWLOQ·DSDVpWpSRV VLEOHG·REWHQLUOHVFRPPHQWDLUHV GH O·DXWUH FDQGLGDWH HQ OLFH (VWKHU'pRP

)UDQoRLV2OLYLHU5REHUJH IUDQFRLVROLYLHUUREHUJH#XODYDOFD

&LWpXQLYHUVLWDLUH³/DGpVDIIHFWLRQSRXUOHVpWXGHVHQIR UHVWHULHjO·8QLYHUVLWp/DYDOHVWO·XQHGHVFDXVHVG·XQHSp QXULHGHPDLQG·±XYUHGDQVO·LQGXVWULHTXpEpFRLVHGXERLV

©'

DQV OD GHUQLqUH DQ QpH OH VHUYLFH GH SODFHPHQW GH O·8QL YHUVLWp /DYDO D DIÀFKp  HP SORLV GDQV OH VHFWHXU GX JpQLH GX ERLV 1RXV QH VRPPHV TXH GHX[ ÀQLVVDQWVª V·HVW H[FODPpH eUL ND %ODFNEXUQ pWXGLDQWH DX SUR JUDPPH GH JpQLH GX ERLV 6HORQ HOOHLOIDXWIDLUHFRQQDvWUHOHVSUR JUDPPHV HW VXUWRXW OHV SRVVLELOL WpV G·DYHQLU SURIHVVLRQQHO GDQV OH GRPDLQHGXERLV 0rPH VRQ GH FORFKH FKH] OHV HQVHLJQDQWV $ODLQ &ORXWLHU SUR IHVVHXU j OD )DFXOWp GH IRUHVWHULH GH JpRJUDSKLH HW GH JpRPDWLTXH FRQÀUPHTXHODIDFXOWpGRLWUHGRX EOHU G·HIIRUWV SRXU DWWLUHU GH QRX YHDX[ pWXGLDQWV ©/HV HQWUHSULVHV GHO·LQGXVWULHGXERLVVHVRQWGpYH ORSSpHVDYHFGHQRXYHOOHVFRQQDLV VDQFHV PDLV OD PDLQG·±XYUH SRXU YHQLU FRPEOHU FHV SRVWHV VH IDLW JUDQGHPHQW DWWHQGUHª DWLODMRXWp

/HERLVVHFWHXUG·DYHQLU /XF %RXWKLOOLHU SURIHVVHXU j OD )DFXOWp GH IRUHVWHULH GpFULW FHV ERXOHYHUVHPHQWV GH O·LQGXV WULH ,O H[SOLTXH TXH OH ERLV D WRX MRXUV pWp SUpVHQW DX 4XpEHF GDQV OD FRQVWUXFWLRQ UpVLGHQWLHOOH &H

LQJpQLHXUVFDUOHVpWXGLDQWVTXLUH oRLYHQWODIRUPDWLRQRQWFHGpVLUHW OHV FRQQDLVVDQFHV DGpTXDWHV SRXU XWLOLVHUFHPDWpULDX

0DXYDLVHSUHVVH

/XF %RXWKLOOLHU GpFULW pJDOH JHQUHGHFRQVWUXFWLRQQpFHVVLWHGHV PHQW OHV FKDQJHPHQWV VXUYHQXV ©GHX[ SDU TXDWUHª RX GHV PDWp GDQV OH GRPDLQH GHV SkWHV HW SD ULDX[GXPrPHJHQUH SLHUV©$X4XpEHFQRXVpWLRQVOHV SUHPLHUV H[SRUWDWHXUV PRQGLDX[ $XJPHQWDWLRQGHODFRQVWUXF GH SkWHV HW SDSLHUV$YHF OD FKXWH WLRQG·pGLÀFHVFRPPHUFLDX[ GHODGHPDQGHOHVLQGXVWULHVGRL 4XL SOXV HVW OHV pGLÀFHV YHQW SDVVHU j DXWUH FKRVHª DWLO FRPPHUFLDX[ FRQVWUXLWV HQ ERLV DIÀUPp VRQW DSSHOpV j DXJPHQWHU GDQV OHV SURFKDLQHV DQQpHV ©2Q D XQ 0 %RXWKLOOLHU SUpFLVH TX·DX PDJQLÀTXH H[HPSOH VXU OH FDP GpEXWGHVDQQpHVOH4XpEHF SXV DYHF OH 6WDGH 7HOXV /H ERLV SURGXLVDLWPLOOLRQVGHWRQQHVGH HVW XQ H[FHOOHQW PDWpULDX SRXU SDSLHUMRXUQDOSDUDQQpH&HFKLIIUH GHV SLqFHV DXVVL ORQJXHV &·HVW HVW DXMRXUG·KXL HQGHVVRXV GHV O·DYHQLU1RXVDYRQVOHVFRQQDLV FLQTPLOOLRQV©1RXVDYLRQVSUpYX VDQFHV OH PDWpULDX HW OD YRORQWp XQH EDLVVH GH OD GHPDQGH GXH j WRXW FH TXL YD PDQTXHU F·HVW OD O·pOHFWURQLTXH PDLV MDPDLV DXVVL PDLQG·±XYUHª IRUWH TXH FHOOHOjª DWLO FRQVWDWp 'HSXLV OHV XVLQHV RQW IHUPp HW OD 0 %RXWKLOOLHU GRQQH SHUFHSWLRQ TX·RQW OHV 4XpEpFRLV O·H[HPSOH GH OD &RORPELH%UL GHO·LQGXVWULHGXERLVHQDVRXIIHUW WDQQLTXH TXL D UpFHPPHQW FKDQJp DQDO\VHOHSURIHVVHXU VHV UqJOHPHQWV SRXU DXWRULVHU OD FRQVWUXFWLRQ G·LPPHXEOHV GH ERLV 3RXU VXUYLYUH OHV XVLQHV GH SRXU TX·LOV SXLVVHQW DWWHLQGUH XQH SkWHV HW SDSLHUV GRLYHQW VH UHGpÀ KDXWHXUGHKXLWpWDJHV QLU7RXMRXUVVHORQ0%RXWKLOOLHU ©OHV JUDQGV JURXSHV SDSHWLHUV RQW ©/HV PHQWDOLWpV pYROXHQW OH SDVVp SOXV GH WHPSV j V·DFKHWHU SUREOqPH UHVWH OD PDLQG·±XYUH HQWUH HX[ SOXW{W TXH GH PLVHU VXU DWLO VRXOLJQp $YHF OD GHQVLÀ O·DYHQLU HW VXU GH QRXYHDX[ SUR FDWLRQ GHV FHQWUHV XUEDLQV QRXV GXLWVª ,O H[SOLTXH TXH OH FKDQJH YRXORQV rWUH HQ PHVXUH G·RIIULU OH PHQW V·RSqUH DFWXHOOHPHQW HW TXH ERLVFRPPHQRXYHOOHVROXWLRQª/H FHUWDLQHV XVLQHV VRQW HQ YRLH GH SURIHVVHXU FRQVLGqUH TXH OH ERLV URXYULUHQIDEULTXDQWGHQRXYHDX[ GRLWHQWUHUGDQVOHVPHQWDOLWpVGHV SURGXLWV


Q



UÉBE C

EN BREF amphithéâtre de québec ©0HV\HX[HW PHVRUHLOOHVª

/

H PDLUH GH 4XpEHF 5p JLV /DEHDXPH D QRPPp O·KRPPH G·DIIDLUHV &ODXGH 5RXVVHDXDXSRVWHGHFRQVHLOOHU VSpFLDOGDQVOHGRVVLHUGHO·DP SKLWKpkWUHOXQGLGHUQLHU,OVHUD SRXUOHPDLUHXQUHJDUGH[WHUQH SRXU ©SUHQGUH OHV PHLOOHXUHV GpFLVLRQVª$XVVL SUpVLGHQW GHV 5HPSDUWV GH 4XpEHF &ODXGH 5RXVVHDX D GH SOXV SUpVLGp eTXLSH 4XpEHF HW HVW WUqV DX FRXUDQWGXGRVVLHU 0) 

vélo-boulevard 0DQTXHGH WUDQVSDUHQFH

L’EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

6WDWLRQQHPHQWVSD\DQWVGDQVOH9LHX[4XpEHF

-HXQHVIDPLOOHVV·DEVWHQLU 0DUMRODLQH)DXFKHU PDUMRODLQHIDXFKHU#XODYDOFD

UDLUH SD\DQWH OH VRLU GH K j K '·DXWUHV HVSDFHV SD\DQWV RQW DXVVL pWp DMRXWpV UpGXLVDQW GX PrPH 4XpEHF³$ORUVTXHODWRWDOLWpGHVSODFHVGHVWDWLRQQHPHQW FRXS OH QRPEUH G·HVSDFHV GH VWD VRQW SD\DQWHV GDQV O·DUURQGLVVHPHQW KLVWRULTXH GX 9LHX[ WLRQQHPHQW DYHF YLJQHWWH VXU UXH 4XpEHF OH SUpVLGHQW GX FRQVHLO GH TXDUWLHU DIÀUPH TXH FHWWH VLWXDWLRQ HVW FRQWUDGLFWRLUH DYHF OHV YLVpHV GX SODQ GLUHFWHXUGHGpYHORSSHPHQWGXTXDUWLHU

'

HQLV /·$QJODLV SUp VLGHQW GX FRQVHLO GH TXDUWLHU 9LHX[4XpEHF &DS%ODQF&ROOLQH3DUOHPHQWDLUH FURLW TXH OHV PHVXUHV FRQFHUQDQW OH VWDWLRQQHPHQW DGRSWpHV SDU OD 9LOOH GDQV OH TXDUWLHU GX 9LHX[ 4XpEHF DIIHFWHQW GLUHFWHPHQW OHV UpVLGDQWV ©&·HVW FRQWUDLUH j O·RULHQWDWLRQ IDYRULVDQW O·LQ

WpJUDWLRQ GHV MHXQHV IDPLOOHV GDQV OH TXDUWLHUª DWLO H[SOLTXp &HWWH LQWpJUDWLRQ IDLW SDUWLH GX SODQGLUHFWHXUGHGpYHORSSHPHQWGH TXDUWLHU TXL D pWp DGRSWp HQ MXLOOHW  'HSXLV OH FRQVHLO GH TXDU WLHU QH ERXJH TX·HQ IRQFWLRQ GH FH SODQ /D 9LOOH D PRGLÀp O·KRUDLUH GHVSDUFRPqWUHVpWLUDQWODSODJHKR

$

FFqV 7UDQVSRUWV 9LDEOHV FRQWHVWH OH FKLIIUH GH 0DQQRQFpSDUOD9LOOHGH 4XpEHF SRXU OH GpYHORSSHPHQW G·XQH YRLH F\FODEOH SDUWDJpH VXU OHV UXHV 3qUH0DUTXHWWH HW 'H &DOOLqUHV 6HORQ O·RUJD QLVPH j EXW QRQ OXFUDWLI GpGLp jODPRELOLWpGXUDEOHVHXOHXQH IDLEOH SRUWLRQ GH OD VRPPH Gp YRLOpH VHUYLUD GLUHFWHPHQW DX[ F\FOLVWHV QRWDPPHQW SRXU OH UpDPpQDJHPHQW G·LQWHUVHFWLRQV /DPDMHXUHSDUWLHGHO·LQYHVWLV VHPHQW LUDLW j OD UpIHFWLRQ GHV DTXHGXFV GHV pJRXWV HW GH OD FKDXVVpH )3

3KRWR5DSKDsO/DYRLH

©/HSLHGFDUUpDXQHYDOHXUHWF·HVWQRUPDOTXHFHVRLWSD\DQWªDDIÀUPpOH FRSURSULpWDLUHGXUHVWDXUDQW$X[$QFLHQV&DQDGLHQV

industrie minière &RQVXOWDWLRQV

eGLÀFHVUHOLJLHX[j4XpEHF

8QDYHQLULQFHUWDLQ

/

·,QVWLWXWGX1RXYHDX0RQGH ,10  HQWDPHUD FH VDPHGL XQH WRXUQpH SURYLQFLDOH SRXU FRQVXOWHUOHVFLWR\HQVVXUO·DYH QLU PLQLHU GX 4XpEHF /·,10 YHXW PHWWUH HQ SHUVSHFWLYH OHV ELHQIDLWVHQJHQGUpVSDUO·LQGXV WULHPLQLqUHDLQVLTXHOHVLQTXLp WXGHV JpQpUpHV SDU FHOOHFL /D WRXUQpH SDVVHUD SDU 4XpEHF OH  PDUV /H OLHX VSpFLÀTXH GH PHXUHjFRQÀUPHU )3

parti québécois &RPLWpVXUOD VRXYHUDLQHWp

/

H3DUWLTXpEpFRLVDDQQRQFp ODFUpDWLRQG·XQFRPLWpVWUD WpJLTXH VXU OD VRXYHUDLQHWp TXL GHYUD GpWHUPLQHU OD PHLOOHXUH IDoRQ SRXU OH 4XpEHF G·DFFp GHU j O·LQGpSHQGDQFH /H FR PLWpSUpVLGpSDU3DXOLQH0DURLV FRPPHQFHUD SDU PHWWUH j MRXU HQYLURQ  pWXGHV VXU OD VRX YHUDLQHWp/H34UHIXVHWRXMRXUV GHV·HQJDJHUjWHQLUXQUpIpUHQ GXP GDQV XQ SUHPLHU PDQGDW DGYHQDQWVRQpOHFWLRQ )3

WDLQVUpVLGDQWVjYHQLUPDQJHUGDQV OH TXDUWLHU KLVWRULTXH &·HVW GX PRLQV FH TX·DYDQFH OH FRSURSULp WDLUHGXUHVWDXUDQW$X[$QFLHQV&D QDGLHQV 0DUWLQ 'XEp ,O FRQVLGqUH WRXWHIRLVTXHODVLWXDWLRQQHGHYUDLW 6HORQ-DFTXHV3HUURQGHODGL SDV FKDQJHU ©dD IDLW ORQJWHPSV UHFWLRQ GHV FRPPXQLFDWLRQV GH OD TXHF·HVWFRPPHoD/HSLHGFDUUp 9LOOHGH4XpEHFLOQ·\DDXFXQSUR D XQH YDOHXU HW F·HVW QRUPDO TXH JUDPPHGLUHFWIDYRULVDQWOHVMHXQHV FH VRLW SD\DQWª V·HVWLO SRVLWLRQQp IDPLOOHV DFWXHOOHPHQW ©/D VHXOH IDoRQ TXH O·RQ D GH IDYRULVHU XQH /D GLUHFWULFH JpQpUDOH GH FOLHQWqOH VSpFLÀTXH F·HVW HQ GLIIp O·$VVRFLDWLRQ GHV JHQV G·DIIDLUHV UHQFLDQW OH VWDWLRQQHPHQW UpVLGHQ GX 9LHX[4XpEHF $*$94  WLHOGXFRPPHUFLDOªDWLOVRXOHYp &ODXGHWWH %KHUHU DERQGH HQ FH VHQV ©/D JUDWXLWp RQ V·HQWHQG ,ODDMRXWpTX·XQpTXLOLEUHHQWUH F·HVW MDPDLV WRWDOHPHQW JUDWXLW ,O OHV SODFHV SRXU OHV FLWR\HQV YLVL \ D WRXMRXUV TXHOTX·XQ TXL SDLH WHXUV WUDYDLOOHXUV HW FRPPHUoDQWV TXHOTXH SDUWª DWHOOH DIÀUPp pWDLW WRXMRXUV GLIÀFLOH j DWWHLQGUH ©&·HVW XQH SUREOpPDWLTXH TXL /DPDMRULWpGHVSODLQWHVUHoXHV H[LVWHUD WRXMRXUVª DWLO VRXOLJQp j O·$*$94 FRQFHUQDQW OHV SDUFR PqWUHVWRXFKHjOHXUOLPLWHG·XWLOL 3RXU OH GRPDLQH WRXULVWLTXH VDWLRQGHGHX[KHXUHVDLQVLTX·DX[ LO Q·\ D SDV EHDXFRXS GH SODLQWHV QRPEUHX[ EULV FRQVWDWpV 5LHQ FRQFHUQDQW OHV VWDWLRQQHPHQWV 6H GH PDMHXU j GpQRWHU VHORQ 0PH ORQOHGLUHFWHXUGHVFRPPXQLFDWLRQV %KHUHU©/HVSDUFRPqWUHVGHGHX[ GHO·2IÀFHGXWRXULVPHGH4XpEHF KHXUHV SHUPHWWHQW XQ URXOHPHQW eULF %LORGHDX ©FH Q·HVW SDV XQH SOXV JUDQG HW LO HVW LPSRVVLEOH GH VRXUFH G·LQVDWLVIDFWLRQ RX GH IUXV FKDQJHU SRXU WURLV KHXUHV >G·XWLOL WUDWLRQ >SRXU OHV WRXULVWHV@ª 6HORQ VDWLRQ@ªDWHOOHH[SOLTXp OHXU GHUQLHU VRQGDJH DXSUqV GHV WRXULVWHVVHXOHPHQWGHVUpSRQ /·LQGXVWULHGXVWDWLRQQHPHQWj GDQWVVLJQDODLHQWXQSUREOqPHVXUOH 4XpEHFUHSUpVHQWHGHVPLOOLRQVGH SODQ GHV SODJHV GH VWDWLRQQHPHQW GROODUV 7URLV RUJDQLVPHV VH SDU WDJHQW FHV EpQpÀFHV 9LQFL 3DUN 'X F{Wp GHV UHVWDXUDWHXUV OH OD 6RFLpWp 3DUF$XWR GX 4XpEHF VWDWLRQQHPHQW SRXUUDLW IUHLQHU FHU 63$4 HWOD9LOOHGH4XpEHF

.DWHULQH5R\ NDWHULQHUR\#XODYDOFD

SRXUIDLUHSODFHjO·DJUDQGLVVHPHQW GX PXVpH HW OD FKDSHOOH GHV )UDQ FLVFDLQHVDpWpGpWUXLWHDXSURÀWGX SURMHW/·eWRLOHXQpGLÀFHjFRQGRV

4XpEHF ² $ORUVTXHODGHVWUXFWLRQODYHQWHHWODUpXWLOLVD WLRQ G·pGLÀFHV UHOLJLHX[ j 4XpEHF V·DFFHQWXHQW OD VDXYH JDUGHGXSDWULPRLQHGHPHXUHXQ©HQMHXPRQGLDOªVHORQOD /·DUURQGLVVHPHQW GX 9LHX[ FRQVHLOOqUHPXQLFLSDOHGHOD9LOOHGH4XpEHF-XOLH/HPLHX[ 4XpEHF SDWULPRLQH PRQGLDO GH

WDQWGHJUDQGVHVSDFHVFRPPHGHV WUDPSROLQHVHWGHVWUDSq]HVYRODQWV )LHU GH O·pWDEOLVVHPHQW 0 1HYHX DSSODXGLWOH©FDFKHWSDUWLFXOLHUªTXH OXLFRQIqUHO·pJOLVH

$FKDWVFRPSOH[HV

O·81(6&2 HVW PRLQV WRXFKp SDU /HVLQIUDVWUXFWXUHVGHVpGLÀFHV ·DYHQLU GHV EkWLPHQWV 0DULHVXU*UDQGH$OOpHVHYRLWGDQV FHVUHPDQLHPHQWV©-HQHVXLVSDV FDWKROLTXHV UHSUpVHQWHQW  XQ SUR UHOLJLHX[ VH SRVH O·LQWHUGLFWLRQG·rWUHGpPROLH$FKH LQTXLqWH SRXU OH WLWUH GH O·DUURQGLV EOqPH SRXU OD UpKDELOLWDWLRQ ©/HV FRPPH XQ SUREOqPH WpH SDU XQ SURPRWHXU O·DQ GHUQLHU VHPHQWªDDIÀUPp-XOLH/HPLHX[ pJOLVHV VRQW VRXYHQW HQ PDXYDLV G·HQYHUJXUH LQWHUQDWLRQDOHª D H[ GLIIpUHQWV VFpQDULRV pWDLHQW H[SOR pWDW SDUFH TX·HOOHV RQW pWp PDO HQ SULPp -XOLH /HPLHX[ UHVSRQVDEOH UpV GRQW OD GpPROLWLRQ SRXU IDLUH 5pKDELOLWDWLRQUpXVVLH WUHWHQXHV/HVUHPHWWUHDX[QRUPHV GH OD FXOWXUH HW GX SDWULPRLQH j OD SODFHjXQHWRXUGHFRQGRVGHOX[H /·eFROH GH FLUTXH GH 4XpEHF FR€WHEHDXFRXSG·DUJHQWªDH[SRVp 9LOOH DMRXWDQW TX·©LO IDXW VH SRVHU HVWXQH[HPSOHVRXYHQWFLWpFRPPH 01HYHX OHVERQQHVTXHVWLRQVHQWDQWTXHVR 6DQVDYRLUUHoXGHGHPDQGHRI UpXWLOLVDWLRQ G·pJOLVH KRQRUDEOH /H FLpWpª ÀFLHOOH -XOLH /HPLHX[ UHIXVH FHWWH  MXLQ  O·eFROH RIIUDLW RIÀ /HGLUHFWHXUJpQpUDOGHO·$VVR RSWLRQ ©/H SURMHW Q·D SDV HQFRUH FLHOOHPHQWXQHIRUPDWLRQGHFLUTXH FLDWLRQG·eJOLVHV%DSWLVWHVeYDQJp 3RXUODFRQVHLOOqUHOHVFLWR\HQV pWp VRXPLV PDLV DXFXQH GpPROL GDQV O·DQFLHQQH pJOLVH 6DLQW(VSULW OLTXHVDX4XpEHF $(%(4 *LOOHV GRLYHQW rWUH VHQVLELOLVpV j FH VXMHW WLRQ Q·HVW HQYLVDJHDEOHª DWHOOH GH/LPRLORX /DSLHUUH D DIÀUPp TXH OHV pJOLVHV ©,OVGRLYHQWVHPRELOLVHUSRXUGRQ FRQÀUPp FDWKROLTXHV VRQW VRXYHQW UDFKHWpHV QHU XQH GHX[LqPH YLH DX[ pJOLVHV ©2Q D pWp FKDQFHX[ O·pJOLVH SDU OHV pJOLVHV pYDQJpOLTXHV ©WDQW FDWKROLTXHV GH 4XpEHFª DWHOOH 5DSSHORQV TXH OH SDWULPRLQH EpQpÀFLDLW G·XQ GRXEOH WRLW SHU TX·HOOHVVRQWUpXWLOLVDEOHVª GpFODUp UHOLJLHX[GHOD*UDQGH$OOpHDVXEL PHWWDQW OHV DFFURFKDJHV HQ KDX GHORXUGHVSHUWHVDXFRXUVGHVGHU WHXUª D FRQÀp OH GLUHFWHXU JpQpUDO ,O D WRXWHIRLV DMRXWp TXH OHV &HWWH©GHX[LqPHYLHªHVWSRV QLqUHV DQQpHV /H FRXYHQW GHV 'R GH O·eFROH <YHV 1HYHX /H SURMHW VWUXFWXUHV VH UpXWLOLVHQW GLIÀFLOH VLEOH j FHUWDLQHV FRQGLWLRQV 3DU PLQLFDLQV j F{Wp GX 0XVpH GHV FRPPXQDXWDLUHDSHUPLVG·LQWpJUHU PHQW©/·DFKDWG·pJOLVHVUHSUpVHQWH H[HPSOH O·pJOLVH 6DLQW&±XUGH %HDX[$UWVGH4XpEHFDpWpGpPROL GHV DSSDUHLOV DFUREDWLTXHV QpFHVVL XQJUDQGGpÀªDWLOFRQÀp

©/


Q

L’EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

UÉBEC



3UpFDPSDJQHGX3/4

/·RSSRVLWLRQ GpQRQFH .HYLQ%)OHXU\ NHYLQE»HXU\#XODYDOFD )UDQoRLV3DJp IUDQFRLVGXYDOSDJH#XODYDOFD 4XpEHF³/HVSDUWLVG·RSSRVLWLRQjO·$VVHPEOpHQDWLRQDOH V·LQVXUJHQWFRQWUHOHVGHUQLqUHVVRUWLHVSXEOLTXHVGX3DU WL OLEpUDO GX 4XpEHF 3/4  TX·LOV SHUoRLYHQW FRPPH GHV DFWLRQVRSSRUWXQLVWHVHWSUppOHFWRUDOHV

& 3KRWR-XOLD6WHZDUW3DJH

©&·HVWSURXYpTXHSOXVLO\DGHFLUFXODWLRQSLpWRQQHHWF\FOLVWHGDQVXQVHFWHXUSOXVF·HVWVpFXULWDLUHªVRXOqYHODSUpVL GHQWHGHO·RUJDQLVPH$FFqVWUDQVSRUWVYLDEOHV

eWDWGXF\FOLVPHDX4XpEHF

(QFRXUDJHUOH WUDQVSRUWDFWLI -XOLD6WHZDUW3DJH MXOLDVWHZDUWSDJH#XODYDOFD 4XpEHF³8QHpWXGHGH9pOR4XpEHFUpYqOHTXHODSUDWLTXH GX YpOR HVW HQ SOHLQH GpFURLVVDQFH FKH] OHV MHXQHV GH  DQVHWPRLQVGHODSURYLQFHGH4XpEHF

(

QWUH  HW  OH WDX[ GH F\FOLVWHV SDUPL OHV HQ IDQWV HW DGROHVFHQWV D VXEL XQHEDLVVHGHSDVVDQWGH j  G·DSUqV O¶pWXGH ©/·eWDW GX 9pORDX4XpEHFHQªGH9pOR 4XpEHF3HQGDQWODPrPHSpULRGH OHWDX[V·HVWDFFUXFKH]OHVDGXOWHV IDLVDQWXQERQGGH /H FKDUJp GH SURMHW GH9pOR 4XpEHF /RXLV %HUQLHU+pURX[ DYDQFH O·K\SRWKqVH GH OD SUp SRQGpUDQFH GH O·DXWRPRELOH GDQV OH WUDQVSRUW j O·pFROH ©&·HVW XQ FHUFOHYLFLHX[DWLOH[SOLTXp'H SOXVHQSOXVGHSDUHQWVFRQGXLVHQW OHXUVHQIDQWVjO·pFROHSDUVRXFLGH VpFXULWp &HOD DXJPHQWH OH WUDÀF HQSpULSKpULHGHVpFROHVOHVDXWUHV SDUHQWVVRQWSOXVLQTXLHWVHWGpFL GHQW GRQF DXVVL GH FRQGXLUH OHXU HQIDQWª 0 %HUQLHU+pURX[ HVW DX[ FRPPDQGHV GX SURJUDPPH ©0RQ pFROH j SLHG j YpORª TXL YLVH j

6HORQ XQH DQDO\VWHUHFKHU FKLVWH GH OD &RDOLWLRQ TXpEpFRLVH VXU OD SUREOpPDWLTXH GX SRLGV &433  0DULH3LHU &KpQDUG O·DPpQDJHPHQW GX WHUULWRLUH DF WXHO FRQWULEXH DXVVL DX SUREOqPH ©2Q REVHUYH TXH OHV pFROHV VRQW GHSOXVHQSOXVORLQGHVGRPLFLOHV VXUWRXW DX VHFRQGDLUH &·HVW GRQF GLIÀFLOHYRLUHLPSRVVLEOHG·\DOOHU SDUVRLPrPHª

HQFRXUDJHU GHV PR\HQV GH WUDQV SRUWDOWHUQDWLIVjO·DXWRPRELOHGDQV OHPLOLHXVFRODLUH'HSXLVOH SURMHW GH VHQVLELOLVDWLRQ V·HVW LQ WpJUp j  pFROHV UpSDUWLHV GDQV  FRPPLVVLRQV VFRODLUHV GH OD 'HVELHQIDLWVDXGHOj SURYLQFH GHODVDQWp /DVpGHQWDULWpDFFUXHFKH]OHV 6HORQ OD SUpVLGHQWH GH O·RUJD MHXQHV 4XpEpFRLV FRQVWLWXH O·XQ QLVPH$FFqVWUDQVSRUWVYLDEOHV&D GHV PRWLIV GH OD FUpDWLRQ GX SUR WKHULQH%RLVFODLUODUHFUXGHVFHQFH JUDPPH GH 9pOR4XpEHF 6HORQ GHVWUDQVSRUWVDFWLIVDPpOLRUHUDLWOD GHV FKLIIUHV GH OD &433 FKDTXH VpFXULWpGHV]RQHVVFRODLUHV©&·HVW NLORPqWUH SDUFRXUX j SLHG VXU XQH SURXYpTXHSOXVLO\DGHFLUFXOD EDVHTXRWLGLHQQHHVWDVVRFLpjXQH WLRQ SLpWRQQH HW F\FOLVWH GDQV XQ GLPLQXWLRQ GH SUHVTXH  GH OD VHFWHXU SOXV F·HVW VpFXULWDLUH /HV SUREDELOLWpG·rWUHREqVH DXWRPRELOLVWHV V·KDELWXHQW j OHXU SUpVHQFH HW LO \ D XQH PHLOOHXUH 0 %HUQLHU+pURX[ HVWLPH FRKDELWDWLRQª TXHRXWUHOHVELHQIDLWVVXUOHFRUSV FHVGpSODFHPHQWVDFWLIVFRQWULEXHQW 'H SOXV 0PH %RLVFODLU RE j O·DSSUHQWLVVDJH ©8Q MHXQH TXL VHUYH XQ FKDQJHPHQW GDQV OH SUR SUHQG VD ELF\FOHWWH RX TXL PDUFKH FHVVXV GH GpFLVLRQ ©/HV IDPLOOHV SRXUVHUHQGUHjO·pFROHVHUDEHDX DYHFGHVMHXQHVDXVHFRQGDLUHFKRL FRXS SOXV DOHUWH HW UpFHSWLI TX·XQ VLVVHQWVRXYHQWO·pFROHHQIRQFWLRQ DXWUHTXLVHIDLWWUDQVSRUWHUGHVRQ GHV SURJUDPPHV RIIHUWV HW QRQ GH OLW DX VLqJH G·DXWR j VRQ EDQF ODSUR[LPLWpªDWHOOHH[SRVp G·pFROHª

RQWDFWpV SDU /·(;(0 3/$,5(OH3DUWLTXpEpFRLV 34  OD &RDOLWLRQ DYHQLU 4XpEHF &$4 4XpEHFVROLGDLUH 46 HW2SWLRQQDWLRQDOHRQWFUL WLTXpODIUpTXHQFHGHVVRUWLHVSX EOLTXHVGH-HDQ&KDUHVWHWGHVHV PLQLVWUHV

'XFKHVQHDX D SRXU PDQGDW G·HQTXrWHU VXU O·DWWULEXWLRQ GH FRQWUDWV GDQV OH GRPDLQH GH OD FRQVWUXFWLRQ

5D\PRQG %HUQLHU GpSXWp OLEpUDO GH 0RQWPRUHQF\ VH Gp IHQG GH VRXKDLWHU GHV pOHFWLRQV SULQWDQLqUHV ©1RXV DYRQV XQ ©&·HVW GH O·LQGpFHQFHª PDQGDWGHFLQTDQVTXLVHWHUPLQH V·HVW LQGLJQpH $JQqV HQ GpFHPEUH  HW 0DOWDLV GpSXWpH Sp MH YRXV FRQÀUPH TXH TXLVWH GH 7DVFKHUHDX OH SDUWL Q·HVW SDV HQ ©6HEDODGHU SUpFDPSDJQHª DWLO (OOH D GpSORUp TXH OH 3/4SXLVVHSURÀWHUGH DYHFO·DUJHQW UpSpWp VDSRVLWLRQDXJRXYHU GHVFRQWUL QHPHQW HW GHV IRQGV EXDEOHVSRXU ,OEOkPHG·DLOOHXUV SXEOLFV SRXU PRXVVHU OHVSDUWLVG·RSSRVLWLRQ VHIDLUHpOLUH VDFDQGLGDWXUHDYDQWOH SRXU OHV UXPHXUV GH HVWLQDFFHS GpFOHQFKHPHQWRIÀFLHO VFUXWLQ OHV DFFXVDQW WDEOHª GHVpOHFWLRQV GH YRXORLU SUpFLSL WHU LQXWLOHPHQW OHV ©6H EDODGHU DYHF pOHFWLRQV O·DUJHQW GHV FRQWUL EXDEOHV HW GH O·LQGXVWULH PL 9RWHUjGDWHÀ[H QLqUHSRXUVHIDLUHpOLUHHVWLQDF /H34OD&$44XpEHFVR FHSWDEOHª V·HVW UpYROWpH 0PH  OLGDLUHHW2SWLRQQDWLRQDOHSURSR 0DOWDLV VHQW WRXV GH UHPpGLHU j OD VLWXD WLRQHQLQVWDXUDQWGHVpOHFWLRQVj /H 3UHPLHU PLQLVWUH D Up GDWHÀ[H/D&RDOLWLRQUHIXVHSDU FHPPHQW SURPLV GH QH SDV Gp FRQWUHGHV·HQJDJHUjO·LQVFULUHj FOHQFKHU G·pOHFWLRQV DYDQW OH  VDSODWHIRUPHpOHFWRUDOH DYULOXQHGDWHTXLFRQFRUGHDYHF ODWHQXHG·XQFROORTXHVXUOH3ODQ /HVSDUWLVG·RSSRVLWLRQVRX 1RUG KDLWHQWDLQVLHPSrFKHUOHVFRQVL GpUDWLRQVVWUDWpJLTXHVHWRSSRUWX 0rPHVRQGHFORFKHGXF{Wp QLVWHV (Q HIIHW GDQV OH V\VWqPH GHOD&$4SRXUTXLODWHQXHG·XQ DFWXHO OH 3UHPLHU PLQLVWUH HVW VFUXWLQ DX SULQWHPSV QH IDLW DX OLEUHGHGpFOHQFKHUGHVpOHFWLRQV FXQGRXWH©2QQHV·HQWRXUHSDV TXDQGERQOXLVHPEOH GH GL[ PLQLVWUHV SRXU IDLUH GHV DQQRQFHV VDQV YRXORLU RXYULU /HGpSXWp5D\PRQG%HUQLHU XQHIHQrWUHYHUVGHVpOHFWLRQVªD D WRXWHIRLV UpLWpUp O·RSSRVLWLRQ ODQFp-HDQ)UDQoRLV'HO7RUFKLR GX 3DUWL OLEpUDO j FHWWH RSWLRQ ,O UHVSRQVDEOHGHVUHODWLRQVPpGLDV GRXWH TXH FHWWH PHVXUH SXLVVH jOD&$4 HQUD\HU OH F\QLVPH GHV FLWR\HQV HW IDLUH DXJPHQWHU OH WDX[ GH  ©&·HVW V€U TXH 0 &KDUHVW SDUWLFLSDWLRQ YDHVVD\HUGHSURYRTXHUTXHOTXH FKRVH DYDQW OH GpEXW GHV DX ©/HV pOHFWLRQV PXQLFLSDOHV GLHQFHVSXEOLTXHVGHODFRPPLV VRQWjGDWHVÀ[HVHWOHWDX[GHSDU VLRQ &KDUERQQHDX TXL GHYUDLW WLFLSDWLRQQ·HVWSDVWUqVpOHYpªD DYRLU OLHX j OD PLVHSWHPEUHª D UDSSHOp0%HUQLHU/RUVGXGHU DYDQFp0'HO7RUFKLR QLHU VFUXWLQ PXQLFLSDO HQ  HQYLURQ  GHV pOHFWHXUV RQW 5DSSHORQV TXH FHWWH FRP YRWp /OHV pOHFWLRQV SURYLQFLDOHV PLVVLRQ FUppH j OD VXLWH G·XQ GHHOOHVDYDLHQWGRQQpOLHX UDSSRUW DFFDEODQW GH O·8QLWp DQ jXQFUHX[KLVWRULTXHGHGH WLFROOXVLRQ PHQpH SDU -DFTXHV SDUWLFLSDWLRQ




O

P IN ION

L’EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

/DPRUWPHUFDQWLOH

­

SHLQHTXHOTXHVSHWLWHVKHXUHVVHVRQWpFRX OpHVHQWUHO·DQQRQFHGHODPRUWGH:KLWQH\ +RXVWRQHWXQHKDXVVHIXOJXUDQWHGHGX SUL[GHYHQWHGHVRQDOEXP*UHDWHVW+LWVVXUOHVLWHGH WpOpFKDUJHPHQW,WXQHV8.%LHQTXHODSODWHIRUPH TXDOLÀHFHWWHFRQVLGpUDEOHDXJPHQWDWLRQG·©HUUHXUª LOUHVWHQpDQPRLQVTXHO·HQVHPEOHGHVRQ±XYUHDLW VXELXQHLQÁDWLRQSRVWKXPHVXUXQHJUDQGHPDMRULWp GHVVLWHVGHVHUYLFHGHYHQWHGHPXVLTXH

'qVOHOXQGLPDWLQVXLYDQWVRQGpFqVOHVYHQWHV GHVDOEXPVGHODGLYDDPpULFDLQH:KLWQH\+RXVWRQ RQWH[SORVpLQVWDOODQWVRQ*UHDWHVW+LWVDXVRP PHWGHVSDOPDUqV6HXOHODFKDQWHXVH$GHOHDVXOD GpFODVVHUGDQVOHVMRXUVVXLYDQWVRQGpFqV,OOXLDXUD IDOOXUHPSRUWHUVL[*UDPP\SRXUUpDOLVHUO·H[SORLWGH VXUFODVVHUODGpIXQWH 3RXUTXRLQRXVUXRQVQRXVVXUOHVSURGXLWV GpULYpVFRPPHGHVK\qQHVVXUXQHFDUFDVVHIUDvFKH" 3UREDEOHPHQWSRXUOHVPrPHVUDLVRQVTXLIRQWTXHOH SDUDGLVH[LVWHHWTXHSOXVLHXUVFURLHQWHQODUpLQFDUQD WLRQ/DPRUWSRUWHHQHOOHOHFDUDFWqUHWHUPLQDO

(

VWFHTXHWRXWHVOHVUHOLJLRQVFRQGXLVHQWDXSDUDGLV"6LRQVHÀH j5DsO PDVHXOHVRXUFHVXUODTXHVWLRQ(OYLVQ·pWDQWSDVGLVSR QLEOH« OHVJUDQGVSKLORVRSKHVSURSKqWHVHWUHSUpVHQWDWLRQV GLYLQHVIRQWOHJURVSDUW\OjKDXW-HQHSHX[TXHSODLQGUHOHVSDXYUHV WUDLWHXUVTXLGRLYHQWFRPSRVHUDYHFWRXWHFHWWHSDQRSOLHGHGLIIpUHQWV UpJLPHVDOLPHQWDLUHV

2QSHXWpJDOHPHQWREVHUYHUOHFDVG·$P\:LQH KRXVH(QPRLQVGHKHXUHVSOXVGHFRSLHV GHO·DOEXPSRVWKXPH/LRQHVV+LGGHQ7UHDVXUHVGH ODGpIXQWH$P\:KLQHKRXVHRQWWURXYpSUHQHXUHQ $QJOHWHUUH/DFKDQWHXVHEULWDQQLTXHTXLDSHUGX ODYLHHQMXLOOHWGHUQLHUHVWGHYHQXHXQSHUVRQQDJH P\WKLTXHHQSOXVGHIDLUHVRQHQWUpHGDQVOH&OXEGHV RHOOHDUHMRLQW.XUW&REDLQ-DQLV-RSOLQHW-LPL +HQGUL[SRXUQHQRPPHUTXHFHX[Oj

(QOHPLQLVWqUHGHO·eGXFDWLRQDFKRLVLG·pPXOHUOHVUpFHS WLRQVSDUDGLVLDTXHVHWG·LQWpJUHUWRXWHVOHVUHOLJLRQVDXPrPHSUR JUDPPH/HFRXUV©eWKLTXHHWFXOWXUHUHOLJLHXVHªLVVXGHFHV\QFUpWLVPH pGXFDWLIQ·pWDLWSDVHQFRUHLQVWDXUpTX·LOVXVFLWDLWGpMjODFRQWURYHUVH/H FHQWUHQpYUDOJLTXHGHODUpYROWHSDUHQWDOHFRQWUHODUpIRUPHDpWpORFDOLVp j'UXPPRQGYLOOHOLHXVWUDWpJLTXHSDUH[FHOOHQFH0DLVYRLOjPDOJUp OHXUSRVLWLRQFDUWRJUDSKLTXHKRUVSDLUOHVSDUHQWVRQWpWpGpERXWpVMXGL FLDLUHPHQW­OHXUSOXVJUDQGGpSLW-pVXVSRXUUDGpVRUPDLVMRXHUGDQVOD FRXUG·pFROHDYHF%RXGGKDHW0DKRPHWVDQVSRXYRLU\UHQFRQWUHUXQH TXHOFRQTXHUpVLVWDQFHRXWUHjODPDLVRQ

VHQWGHIDLUH ODSLDVWUHVXU XQFRUSVHQ FRUHIXPDQW

/HVFDVVHPXOWLSOLHQW/HV0LFKDHO -DFNVRQ$P\:LQHKRXVH-RKQ/HQQRQ)UHGG\0HU FXU\HWDXWUHVLF{QHVTXLjODVXLWHGHOHXUPRUWRQW SURYRTXpXQYpULWDEOHWVXQDPLGHPDUFKDQGLVDWLRQ GHOHXUkPHQHUHSRVHUDLHQWSHXWrWUHSDVDXWDQWHQ SDL[V·LOVUpDOLVDLHQWTXHOHXUGLVSDULWLRQpWDLWGHYHQXH XQHYDFKHjODLWSRXUOHVRSSRUWXQLVWHVPDJQDWVGH O·LQGXVWULHPXVLFDOH

/HEXIIHWGHVUHOLJLRQV

4XDQGXQHLF{QH\SDVVHODQRVWDOJLHVHGHVVLQH VXUOHVYLVDJHVGHFHX[TX·HOOHDLQVSLUpV/·LQGXVWULH GHODPRUWSUHQGGRQFWRXWVRQVHQV/HVJURXSHV KRPPDJHVHPXOWLSOLHQWRQIDLWUHYLYUHOHVJUDQGV GLVSDUXVVXUGHVDIÀFKHVGHV7VKLUWVGHVEULTXHWVHW WRXWVXSSRUWSRWHQWLHOOHPHQWPDUFKDQGDEOH

/HVSUHPLHUVjPRQWHUDX[EDUULFDGHVVRQWELHQ HQWHQGXVOHVIDQVGHODVWDUTXLRQWTXDOLÀpFHJHVWH G·RSSRUWXQLVWHGHODSDUWGH6RQ\HW$SSOH&HX[ FLVHVRQWGpIHQGXVHQV·pFDUWDQWG·XQHDSSURFKH F\QLTXH6HORQHX[O·DXJPHQWDWLRQVHUDLWXQLTXH PHQWXQHUpVXOWDQWHGHO·DFKDODQGDJH0DLVF·HVW OHFKLHQTXLVHFRXUWDSUqVODTXHXH8Q LQGLYLGXPHXUWWRXVOHV\HX[VHWRXUQHQW /HVYDXWRXUV VXUOXLOHVYHQWHVH[SORVHQWO·RIIUHOD ÀQDQFLHUV GHPDQGH«/DPRUWGHYLHQWGqVORUVXQ SUpWH[WHPHUFDQWLOH V·HPSUHV &DUSLVHQFRUHTXHGHFRQVWDWHUOD PRUWGHSLRQQLHUVF·HVWGHFRQVWDWHUOHV YDXWRXUVÀQDQFLHUVTXLV·HPSUHVVHQWGH YHQLUIDLUHODSLDVWUHVXUXQFRUSVHQFRUH IXPDQW

Commentaire

(QFRUHXQHIRLVOHVFOLFKpVVHPEOHQW DYRLUSULVOHGHVVXVVXUXQLQGLYLGXUHPSOL GHWDOHQW©/LYHIDVWGLH\RXQJDQGOHDYH DJRRGORRNLQJFRUSVHªDYDLWODQFp-DPHV 'HDQ8QOHLWPRWLYTXLUHIDLWIDFLOHPHQW VXUIDFHTXDQGYLHQWOHWHPSVGHGpFULUHOH U\WKPHLPSRVpSDUO·LQGXVWULHPXVLFDOH &HOOHFLTXLH[SRVHVDQVFHVVHO·DVSHFW pSKpPqUHGXYHGHWWDULDWÀQLWSDUIDLUHGH PDOKHXUHXVHVYLFWLPHVHQVHYHOLHVVRXVOHV SUHVVLRQVGXPLOLHX

:KLWQH\+RXVWRQDpWpUHWURXYpHPRUWHGDQVOD EDLJQRLUHGHVDFKDPEUHG·K{WHOjO·kJHGHDQV/D UHLQHGHODSRSYLYDLWXQYpULWDEOHGpFOLQGHFDUULqUH GHSXLVODÀQGHVRQUqJQHGDQVOHVDQQpHV %LHQTXHOHVUpVXOWDWVGHO·DXWRSVLHQHSRXUURQW rWUHSXEOLpVDYDQWSOXVLHXUVVHPDLQHVOHVK\SRWKqVHV VXUVRQGpFqVVRQWIDFLOHPHQWUHOLpHVDX[PDXYDLVHV KDELWXGHVGHYLHTXLWHLQWDLHQWOHVGHUQLqUHVDQQpHVGH ©/D9RL[ª ­ODVXLWHGXGpFqVGHODGLYDDPpULFDLQH&pOLQH 'LRQV·HVWHPSUHVVpHGHPHWWUHOHVWRUGVVXUOHV WUDYHUVGHO·LQGXVWULHGXVKRZEXVLQHVVKROO\ZRR GLHQ(OOHV·LQTXLqWHG·DLOOHXUVGHVGpPRQVDX[TXHOV VRQWFRQIURQWpVOHVDUWLVDQVGDQVXQPLOLHXROHÁLUW DYHFOHVGURJXHVO·DOFRROHWO·DEXVHQDGpMjHPSRUWp SOXVLHXUV

ǸɜȣȐɑȨȽȐȐɕɑɄȃȣȐɕ҇0ǸɉɄȨȽɜȐ

FDWKHULQHGHVURFKHVODSRLQWH#XODYDOFD

$K/DPDLVRQ1·HVWFHSDVOHOLHXG·DSSUHQWLVVDJHGHVFUR\DQFHV HWGHODPRUDOLWpTXLUqJQHDXVHLQGHODIDPLOOHXQHPLFURVRFLpWpjOD IRLVLQGpSHQGDQWHHWLQWHUUHOLpHjODVRFLpWpTXLO·KpEHUJH"$ORUVTXHOD IDPLOOHSHXWHVSpUHUFRQVHUYHUVHVUHSqUHVGDQVODWUDGLWLRQODVRFLpWpOHV SHUGFRQVWDPPHQWGDQVVRQpYROXWLRQ/H4XpEHFDFWXHOQHSHXWSOXV QLHUVRQFDUDFWqUHPXOWLFXOWXUHOTXLYDHQDXJPHQWDQW ©'·DFFRUGPDLVTX·HQHVWLOGHO·DQFLHQQHVpSDUDWLRQHQWUHFRXUV GHPRUDOHHWFRXUVG·HQVHLJQHPHQWUHOLJLHX[FHODQHIRQFWLRQQHUDLWLO SDVDXMRXUG·KXL"ªPHUpSRQGURQWSOXVLHXUVÀHIIpVOHFWHXUVjO·H[FHO OHQWHV\QWD[H0DLVFHUHWRXUV·pORLJQHGHO·REMHFWLIUDVVHPEOHXUGX FRXUVG·eWKLTXH/DJKHWWRwVDWLRQGHVUHOLJLRQVTXHFHVRLWjO·pFROHRX DLOOHXUVPqQHjO·LQFRPSUpKHQVLRQTXLFRQGXLWDX[SUpMXJpVDXUDFLVPH HWjODYLROHQFH ,OHVWYUDLTXHODUHOLJLRQFDWKROLTXHIDLWSDUWLHGHVIRQGDWLRQVGH QRWUHVRFLpWp)RQGDWLRQVDVVH]UpVLVWDQWHVG·DLOOHXUV-pVXVQ·pWDLWLOSDV FKDUSHQWLHU"'HFHIDLWLOHVWDYLVpGHFRPSUHQGUHVHVFUR\DQFHVHWVHV GRJPHV3DUUDSSRUWjFHWWHTXHVWLRQQRXVQRXVVLWXRQVWURSVRXYHQWDX[ RSSRVpVGXPrPHVSHFWUHVRLWSURIRQGpPHQWUHOLJLHX[HWSUDWLTXDQWRX HQUHMHWWRWDOGHWRXWFHTXLV·DSSDUHQWHjODVSLULWXDOLWp&RQIURQWpjFHWWH EDWDLOOHO·HQVHLJQHPHQWGHODUHOLJLRQFDWKROLTXHGHYUDLWV·HIIHFWXHUSDU OHUHJDUGGHO·KLVWRLUHSURÀWDEOHDX[MHXQHVHWDX[LPPLJUDQWV &HTXHMHFUDLQVOHSOXVGXFRXUVG·eWKLTXHFHQ·HVWSDVODPLQL PLVDWLRQGHODUHOLJLRQFDWKROLTXHDXSURÀWG·XQHQVHLJQHPHQWSOXV XQLYHUVHOF·HVWSOXW{WTX·DXOLHXGHPRQWUHUOHVGLYHUVHVFUR\DQFHVRQ V·DWWDUGHXQSHXWURSVXUOHXUQpJDWLRQSRXUMRXHUODFDUWHGHO·DFFHSWD WLRQjWRXWSUL[&·HVWHQV·H[SRVDQWjO·pWUDQJHUTX·RQÀQLWSDUFHVVHUGH ODFUDLQGUHSDVOHFRQWUDLUH ǸǾɑȨȐȵȵȐPȣȨǾǸɤȵɜ҇ȐȵɄɑȹȐ

JDEULHOOHWKLEDXOWGHORUPH#XODYDOFD

/·pTXLSHGH/·(;(03/$,5( -RXUQDOpFROHGHVpWXGLDQWVHQMRXUQDOLVPH6RQFRQWHQXQ·HQJDJHHQULHQODUHVSRQ VDELOLWpGX'pSDUWHPHQWG·LQIRUPDWLRQHWGHFRPPXQLFDWLRQ)RQGDWHXU-DFTXHV*XD\ eGLWHXU-HDQ&ODXGH3LFDUG SRVWH 'LUHFWHXUGHODSURGXFWLRQ%DSWLVWH %DUEH  $GMRLQWjO·pGLWHXU0DWWKLHX'HVVXUHDXOW  5pGDFWULFHHQFKHI 6RSKLH&{Wp  6HFUpWDLUHGHUpGDFWLRQ1LFRODV/DFKDQFH  $GMRLQWHDX VHFUpWDLUHGHUpGDFWLRQ+pORwVH.HUPDUUHF  eGLWRULDOLVWHHQFKHI*DEULHOOH 7KLEDXOW'HORUPH  0DTXHWWLVWH0D[LPH)RXTXHWWH/·$QJODLV  'LUHFWHXU GHODSKRWRJUDSKLH5DSKDsO/DYRLH  &DULFDWXULVWH*DEULHOOH7KLEDXOW'HORUPH 8QLYHUVLWp0DWKLHX0DVVp,VPDLO0ERQLJDEDHW-HDQ%DSWLVWH'HOKRPPH  0XQL FLSDOUpJLRQDOHWJRXYHUQHPHQWDO/\GLD'HVMDUGLQV)UDQoRLV3DJpHW0DUMRODLQH)DXFKHU  'RVVLHUV9DOpULH3pUp  (QWUHYXH;DYLHU6DYDUG)RXUQLHU  0RQGH 3LHUUH/RXLV&XUDEHW  &XOWXUH0DULH&ODXGH6DYRLH$XGH*DUDFKRQHW&DWKHULQH 'HVURFKHV/DSRLQWH  6SRUWV&DWKHULQH/LOOHHW0DUF$QWRLQH3DTXLQ   &RQFHSWLRQGHODPDTXHWWHW\SRJUDSKLTXH0DUFR'XEpHW)UDQoRLV%DURQGX6WXGLR *UDSKLVNRU-XOLH9HUYLOOHHW0DULR)UDVHU'pS{WOpJDO%LEOLRWKqTXH1DWLRQDOHGX4XpEHF ,PSULPHXU/HV3UHVVHVGX)OHXYHDYHQXHGHOD&RXU0RQWPDJQ\ 4XpEHF  *997LUDJHFRSLHV$GUHVVH'pSDUWHPHQWG·LQIRUPDWLRQHWGHFRPPXQLFDWLRQ &3SDYLOORQ/RXLV-DFTXHV&DVDXOWORFDO&LWpXQLYHUVLWDLUH 4XpEHF *9 $7pOpFRSLHXU  &RXUULHOH[HPSODLUH#FRPXODYDOFD 6LWH:HEKWWSZZZH[HPSODLUHFRPXODYDOFD)DFHERRN/·([HPSODLUH 3DJHRIÀFLHOOH  )LO7ZLWWHUOH[HPSODLUH 3RLQWVGHGLVWULEXWLRQGXMRXUQDO&LWpXQLYHUVLWDLUHSDYLOORQ%RQHQIDQWSDYLOORQ&D VDXOWSDYLOORQ'H.RQLQFNSDYLOORQ'HVMDUGLQVSDYLOORQGHV6FLHQFHVGHO·pGXFDWLRQSD YLOORQ3RXOLRWSDYLOORQ9DFKRQSDYLOORQ/HPLHX[SDYLOORQ9DQGU\SDYLOORQ3DODVLV3ULQFH 3HSV9LOOHGH4XpEHF%LEOLRWKqTXH*DEULHOOH5R\7ULEXQHGHSUHVVHGXSDUOHPHQW


Lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÃ&#x2030;VRIER 2012

7H[WHVSDU)UDQoRLV3DJp_IUDQFRLVGXYDOSDJH#XODYDOFD

D

OS S I ER



,PPLJUDWLRQj4XpEHF

4XpEHFDWWLUHSHX

4XpEHF ³ /D UpJLRQ GH 4XpEHF GpWRQQH SDU VD IDLEOH GL YHUVLWp HWKQLTXH SDU UDSSRUW j OD PR\HQQH GHV YLOOHV FDQDGLHQQHV

$

XSD\VOHVYLOOHVGHSOXVGH KDELWDQWVFRPSWHQW SUDWLTXHPHQWWRXWHVSOXVGH  G·LPPLJUDQWV 2U PDOJUp VHV UpVLGHQWV4XpEHFQ·DWWHLQW SDV OHV  VHORQ XQH pWXGH UpDOL VpHSDUOD0XQLFLSDOLWpHQ/H UDSSRUWFRQVWDWHTXHPrPHHQpWHQ GDQW OD UHFKHUFKH DX[ ORFDOLWpV GH KDELWDQWVODYLOOHUHVWHGDQV OHVGHUQLqUHV /H WDX[ GH FK{PDJH SRXU OHV QRXYHDX[ DUULYDQWV \ HVW SRXUWDQW FRPSDUDWLYHPHQWSOXVEDVHWOHVVD ODLUHV SOXV pOHYpV $ORUV TXH  GHVLPPLJUDQWVGHODSURYLQFHVRQW PRWLYpV SDU GHV UDLVRQV pFRQR PLTXHVFHVIDLWVGHYUDLHQWSRXUWDQW MRXHUHQIDYHXUGH4XpEHF /D 9LOOH VH GLW LQVDWLVIDLWH GH OD VLWXDWLRQ PDLV WHPSqUH OHV LQ TXLpWXGHV ©2Q D SUREDEOHPHQW OD SRVVLELOLWp G·HQ DFFXHLOOLU GDYDQ WDJH0DLVLOIDXWPHWWUHOHVFKRVHV HQ SHUVSHFWLYH /D UpJLRQ FKHUFKH j PLHX[ FLEOHU OH W\SH G·LPPL JUDQWVTX·HOOHYHXWDWWLUHUªDMXVWLÃ&#x20AC;p -DFTXHV3HUURQFRQVHLOOHUDX[FRP PXQLFDWLRQV GH 4XpEHF ©2Q QH YHXWSDVOHXUUHUOHVJHQV,OQHIDXW SDV OHXU SURPHWWUH G·HPSORLV V·LO Q·\HQDSDVªDWLODMRXWp 03HUURQDQpDQPRLQVVRXOLJQp OHV HIIRUWV GH OD9LOOH SRXU DFFURvWUH VD GLYHUVLWp QRWDPPHQW SDU OH ELDLV GXÃ&#x20AC;QDQFHPHQWHWGHODFRRSpUDWLRQ

DYHFOHVRUJDQLVPHVG·LQWpJUDWLRQWHO OH&HQWUHPXOWLHWKQLTXHGH4XpEHF -DFTXHV 3HUURQ FURLW TXH OD VLWXDWLRQ HVW DWWULEXDEOH DX W\SH G·HPSORLV GLVSRQLEOHV j 4XpEHF ©,FL LO \ D VXUWRXW GX WUDYDLO GDQV ODIRQFWLRQSXEOLTXHHWGDQVOHVHF WHXUGHODKDXWHWHFKQRORJLH,O\D WUqV SHX G·HQWUHSULVHV PDQXIDFWX ULqUHVª /·LPPLJUDWLRQ TXpEpFRLVH QHPDQTXHWRXWHIRLVSDVGHTXDOLÃ&#x20AC; FDWLRQVOHWDX[GHGLSORPDWLRQXQL YHUVLWDLUHHVWGHFKH]OHVQRX YHDX[DUULYDQWVFRQWUHHQYLURQ GDQVOHUHVWHGHODSRSXODWLRQ©/H SUREOqPHHVWGDQVODUHFRQQDLVVDQFH GHVDFTXLV(WoDF·HVWOHJRXYHUQH PHQWSURYLQFLDOTXHoDUHJDUGHªD REMHFWp03HUURQ

WLRQSXEOLTXHHVWSURSUHjGpFRXUD JHU FHX[ TXL YLHQQHQW G·DUULYHU DX 4XpEHF /D VRFLRORJXH FURLW TX·LO QH IDXW SDV rWUH GXSH GX WDX[ GH FK{PDJH SOXV IDLEOH GH OD UpJLRQ ©/HV HQWHQWHV GH UHFRQQDLVVDQFH IDYRULVHQW OHV QRPEUHX[ )UDQoDLV SUpVHQWVj4XpEHF6RXYHQWLOVRQW GpMjWURXYpXQHPSORLDYDQWPrPH G·DUULYHUª 3KRWR5DSKDsO/DYRLH

/·LPPLJUDWLRQHXURSpHQQHHVW VXUUHSUpVHQWpH j 4XpEHF R HOOH FRPSWHSRXUSUqVGHGXWRWDO SDUUDSSRUWjHQYLURQGDQVOH UHVWHGX&DQDGD'DQVODUpJLRQOHV )UDQoDLVFRQWULEXHQWjDSSUR[LPD WLYHPHQW OD PRLWLp GH O·DSSRUW HX URSpHQ©,O\DPRLQVGHJHQVLVVXV GHPLQRULWpVYLVLEOHVj4XpEHF(W F·HVWSRXUHX[TXHF·HVWOHSOXVGLI Ã&#x20AC;FLOHªDVSpFLÃ&#x20AC;p0PH+DVVDRXL

3DUDLOOHXUVHOOHHVWG·DYLVTXH OH PDQTXH GH UHVVRXUFHV DIIHFWH 0DULDP +DVVDRXL VSpFLDOLVWH DXVVLODGLYHUVLWpGHODYLOOH©&RP HQ VRFLRORJLH GH O·LPPLJUDWLRQ j SDUDWLYHPHQWj0RQWUpDOTXLDWWLUH O·8QLYHUVLWpGX4XpEHFj0RQWUpDO ODJUDQGHPDMRULWpGHVLPPLJUDQWV DSSXLH FH FRQVWDW ©,O \ D XQH GLV LO \ D PRLQV GH FRPPRGLWpV HW GH TXDOLÃ&#x20AC;FDWLRQ LPSRUWDQWH GHV LPPL SULVHHQFKDUJHªDWHOOHDYDQFp JUDQWVHWXQJUDYHPDQTXHGHVRX SOHVVHGHVRUGUHVSURIHVVLRQQHOVª %LHQ TX·HOOH UDSSHOOH OH PHLOOHXU WDX[ G·LQWpJUDWLRQ HQ Up ©%LHQTX·HOOHVVRLHQWGHX[IRLV JLRQ 0PH +DVVDRXL VRXOLJQH SOXV QRPEUHXVHV j DYRLU IDLW O·XQL TXH O·H[SpULHQFH SHXW SDUIRLV rWUH YHUVLWpLO\DXQpFDUWGHHQWUH DUGXH ©3HUVRQQHOOHPHQW MH VHQV OHVDODLUHPR\HQG·XQHLPPLJUDQWH OH UHJDUG GHV JHQV TXDQG MH YDLV HW G·XQ KRPPH QDWLI GX 4XpEHFª j 4XpEHF &H Q·HVW SDV XQH TXHV DWHOOHGpSORUp WLRQ GH UDFLVPH F·HVW VLPSOHPHQW TX·RQ VH IDLW UHPDUTXHU 0DLV oD 0PH+DVVDRXLVRXOLJQHpJDOH SHXW UHQGUH O·H[SpULHQFH GpMj GLI PHQWTXHODORXUGHXUGHVGpPDUFKHV Ã&#x20AC;FLOH GH O·LPPLJUDWLRQ EHDXFRXS SRXUREWHQLUXQHPSORLGDQVODIRQF SOXVORXUGHª

3URSRUWLRQG·LPPLJUDQWVGDQVODSRSXODWLRQWRWDOHGHV5pJLRQV PpWURSROLWDLQHVGHUHFHQVHPHQW 505 GHKDELWDQWVHWSOXV

0(QULTXH]DFRQVWDWpXQFHUWDLQPDQTXHGHUHVVRXUFHVjVRQDUULYpH

3RUWUDLWG·XQLPPLJUDQW

'H&~FXWDj 4XpEHF 4XpEHF ³ 6L OD JUDQGH PDMRULWp GHV LPPLJUDQWV GpEDU TXHQW G·DERUG DX 4XpEHF SRXU GHV PRWLIV pFRQRPLTXHV $OH[DQGUH(QULTXH]DTXDQWjOXLGÂ&#x20AC;IXLUVRQSD\VSRXUGHV UDLVRQVGHVpFXULWp

©&

·pWDLW XQH TXHVWLRQ GH YLH RX GH PRUW DWLO OkFKp VXU XQ WRQ JUDYH 2Q PH SUHQDLW SRXU XQHVSLRQGHVSDUDPLOLWDLUHVª 2ULJLQDLUH GH &~FXWD SUqV GH OD IURQWLqUH YpQp]XpOLHQQH LO D DVVLVWp GH SUqV DX[ DIIURQ WHPHQWV HQWUH OHV SDUDPLOLWDLUHV GHV$XWRGpIHQVHV XQLHV GH &R ORPELH $8& HWOHVJXpULOOHURV GHV )RUFHV DUPpHV UpYROXWLRQ QDLUHVGH&RORPELH )$5&  ©-·pWDLV JDUGLHQ GH VpFX ULWp &H Q·pWDLW SDV SDLVLEOH GH WUDYDLOOHU j WUDYHUV OHV JXpULOOH URVVXUWRXWTXHMHYHQDLVG·XQH UpJLRQ SOXW{W DVVRFLpH DX[ SD UDPLOLWDLUHVª V·HVW UHPpPRUp  0(QULTXH] ©8Q MRXU LOV RQW SRVp XQH ERPEH GDQV O·pGLÃ&#x20AC;FH YRLVLQ ,OV VH VRQW IDLWV SUHQGUH MXVWH DYDQW GH WUDYHUVHU OD IURQ WLqUH GX 9HQH]XHOD ,OV pWDLHQW FRQYDLQFXV TXH F·pWDLW PD IDXWHªDWLOUDFRQWp­DQV $OH[DQGUH(QULTXH]DGRQFLP PLJUpj4XpEHFDYHFVHVSDUHQWV HWVHVIUqUHV

6RXUFH6HUYLFHGXGpYHORSSHPHQWpFRQRPLTXHYLOOHGH4XpEHF6WDWLVWLTXH&DQDGD5HFHQVHPHQW

,PPLJUDWLRQ &DQDGD O·D G·DERUG GLULJp YHUV 6DLQW+\D FLQWKH ©&·HVW QRXV TXL DYRQV SOXW{WFKRLVL4XpEHFHQFRQVXO WDQW OHV GRFXPHQWV j O·DPEDV VDGH1RXVYRXOLRQVDYRLUDFFqV jWRXVOHVVHUYLFHVHWjGHERQQHV pFROHV(WMHQ·DLPHSDVOHVYLOOHV WURSJUDQGHVFRPPH0RQWUpDOª DH[SOLTXp0(QULTXH]

$YHF XQH SRSXODWLRQ OpJq UHPHQWVXSpULHXUHjKD ELWDQWV VD YLOOH QDWDOH &~FXWD HVWGHWDLOOHVLPLODLUHj4XpEHF %LHQ TX·LO QH UHJUHWWH SDV VRQFKRL[HWTX·LOSDUOHGH4Xp EHF DYHF WRXMRXUV DXWDQW G·HQ WKRXVLDVPH VHSW DQV SOXV WDUG 0Y(QULTXH]VHVRXYLHQWDYRLU FRQVWDWp XQ FHUWDLQ PDQTXH GH UHVVRXUFHV j VRQ DUULYpH ©1RXV DYRQV GÂ&#x20AC; GHPHXUHU j O·K{WHO GXUDQW GHX[ VHPDLQHV /HV JHQV GX &HQWUH PXOWLHWK QLTXHQRXVRQWEHDXFRXSDLGpV PDLV LOV VHPEODLHQW GpERUGpV HW QH SRXYDLHQW SDV QRXV DF FRUGHU EHDXFRXS GH WHPSVª  V·HVWLOVRXYHQX 1pDQPRLQV LO GLW QH SDV DYRLU WURXYp OH SURFHVVXV WURS pSURXYDQW ©/H SOXV GXU oD D pWp GH V·KDELWXHU j O·KLYHU HW G·DSSUHQGUH OD ODQJXH V·HVW LO HVFODIIp DYHF XQ IRUW DFFHQW HVSDJQRO dD P·D SULV HQYLURQ TXDWUH DQV DYDQW GH SDUOHU XQ ERQIUDQoDLVª $SUqV VD IUDQFLVDWLRQ 0 (QULTXH]DIÃ&#x20AC;UPHDYRLUOXLPrPH HQWUHSULV OHV GpPDUFKHV SRXU VH WURXYHUGHO·HPSORL©-HPHVXLV UHQGXGDQVXQ&HQWUHORFDOG·HP SORLHWRQP·DGLULJpYHUVXQHIRU PDWLRQG·pWXGHVSURIHVVLRQQHOOHV HQpOHFWURPpFDQLTXHª ©-·DYDLVIDLWGHODUpSDUDWLRQ G·KpOLFRSWqUHV DX 9HQH]XHOD PDLVFHQ·pWDLWSDVUHFRQQXLFLª DWLOUHOHYpVDQVDPHUWXUPH




E

NTREVUE

L’EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

3URSRVUHFXHLOOLVSDU5DSKDsO/DYRLH_UDSKDHOODYRLH#XODYDOFD 3URSRVUHFXHLOOLVSDU1RP_FRXUULHO

/HUpDOLVDWHXUTXpEpFRLV3KLOLSSH)DODUGHDXDX[2VFDUV

0RQVLHXU/D]KDU PLFURFRVPHGHQRWUHVRFLpWp

4XpEHF³0DLQWHVIRLVSULPpWDQWDX4XpEHFTX·jO·pWUDQ JHUODUpSXWDWLRQGXFLQpDVWHTXpEpFRLV3KLOLSSH)DODUGHDX Q·HVWSOXVjIDLUH&HGLPDQFKHLOSUHQGUDSDUWjODHFp UpPRQLH GHV $FDGHP\ $ZDUGV 2VFDUV  JUkFH j VRQ GHU QLHUÀOP0RQVLHXU/D]KDUHQQRPLQDWLRQGDQVODFDWpJRULH PHLOOHXU ÀOP pWUDQJHU /·KRPPH GHUULqUH /D PRLWLp JDXFKH GXIULJRHW&·HVWSDVPRLMHOHMXUHDOLYUpFHWWHVHPDLQHDX MRXUQDO /·(;(03/$,5( VHV LPSUHVVLRQV VXU OD UHFRQQDLV VDQFH GH O·,QGXVWULH HW OHV LGpHV GHUULqUH VRQ SOXV UpFHQW ORQJPpWUDJH

/·(;(03/$,5( 0RQ VLHXU /D]KDU D UpFROWp MXVTX·j PDLQWHQDQW QHXI QRPLQDWLRQV DX[-XWUDHWXQHQRPLQDWLRQDX[ 2VFDUV $YDQW GH FRPPHQFHU OH WRXUQDJH YRXV DWWHQGLH]YRXV j XQH WHOOH UHFRQQDLVVDQFH GH OD SDUWGHO·,QGXVWULH"

/·(;(03/$,5(1HXIQR PLQDWLRQVDX[-XWUDFHQ·HVWSDV ULHQQRQSOXV&RPPHQWFRPSD UH]YRXVODUHFRQQDLVVDQFHORFDOH jFHOOHLQWHUQDWLRQDOH"

3) /D UHFRQQDLVVDQFH OR FDOHG·XQHFHUWDLQHIDoRQHVWSUR EDEOHPHQW SOXV LPSRUWDQWH SDUFH 3+,/,33( )$/$5'($8 TX·HOOH YLHQW GH SDLUV GH JHQV GH $YDQW GH FRPPHQFHU OH WRXUQDJH QRWUH HQWRXUDJH GH FHX[ TXL VRQW RQHVWVXEPHUJpSDUOHWUDYDLOSDU GDQV QRWUH LQGXVWULH &·HVW DXVVL OD FRQVWUXFWLRQ GH O·KLVWRLUH SDU XQH IDoRQ GH FUpHU GH OD YLVLELOLWp WDQWGHSHWLWVGpWDLOVTXHODGHUQLqUH SRXUQRWUHFLQpPDHWDLQVLV·DVVXUHU FKRVHjODTXHOOHRQSHQVHYUDLPHQW TXHOHVJHQVDLOOHQWYRLUQRVÀOPV F·HVW OHV SUL[ 6L RQ IDLVDLW oD RQ ­ O·LQWHUQDWLRQDO O·2VFDU HVW XQH VHUDLW WUqV SUpVRPSWXHX[ &·HVW FKRVHPDLVOHÀOPDpJDOHPHQWpWp FRPPHXQpWXGLDQWTXL YHQGX GDQV SOXVLHXUV pWXGLHSRXUVRQH[DPHQ SD\VHWoDF·HVWXQHUH HW TXL SHQVH G·DERUG j FRQQDLVVDQFH LQWHUQD REWHQLUODPpGDLOOHG·RU WLRQDOHTXLHVWSHXWrWUH ©/HV GH O·XQLYHUVLWp OD MRXU SOXVLPSRUWDQWH 2VFDUVTXH QpH GH OD JUDGXDWLRQ dDQ·DSDVGHVHQVdD WXJDJQHVRX /HV 2VFDUV TXH UHYLHQW j VH SRVHU OD SDVoDUHVWH WX JDJQHV RX SDV oD TXHVWLRQ SRXUTXRL RQ UHVWH XQ JDOD &·HVW XQJDODª IDLW FH WUDYDLOOj" (VW WHOOHPHQW pQRUPH TXH FH TX·RQ OH IDLW SRXU oDGRQQHXQHYLVLELOLWp JDJQHUGHVSUL[RXSRXU VXSSOpPHQWDLUH 0DLV UDFRQWHUGHVKLVWRLUHV" OH ÀOP DYDLW GpMj pWp YHQGX GDQV  SD\V DYDQW OD QR /·(;(03/$,5( 4XHOOH PLQDWLRQ HW LO IDLVDLW ELHQ SDU OXL DpWpYRWUHUpDFWLRQORUVTXHYRXV PrPH /D QRPLQDWLRQ oD D XQH DYH] DSSULV TXH 0RQVLHXU /D LQFLGHQFH VXU OH ÀOP PDLV DYDQW ]KDUIDLVDLWSDUWLHGHVFLQTÀQD WRXWVXUPRLSDUFHTXHOjWRXWG·XQ OLVWHVDX[2VFDUVSRXUOHPHLOOHXU FRXSLO\DGHVJHQVGHO·,QGXVWULH ÀOPpWUDQJHU" GHSDUWRXWGDQVOHPRQGHTXLYRQW SRUWHUDWWHQWLRQjPRQ±XYUH 3) 6XU OH FRXS RQ VH VHQW FRPPH TXHOTX·XQ TXL FRPSWH XQ -H VXLV RXYHUW DX[ RIIUHV j EXWHQSURORQJDWLRQGDQVXQPDWFK O·pWUDQJHU PDLV j SULRUL PD SODFH pOLPLQDWRLUHDXKRFNH\&·HVWXQH HVW WRXMRXUV DX 4XpEHF SRXU IDLUH UpDFWLRQ GH MRLH PDLV HQ PrPH GHV ÀOPV HQ IUDQoDLV $X[ eWDWV WHPSV G·pSXLVHPHQW pPRWLI j 8QLVRQHVWXQH[pFXWDQWGDQVXQH FDXVHGHWRXWOHVWUHVVTXLDPHQpj JURVVHPDFKLQHDORUVTX·LFLRQHVW ODQRPLQDWLRQ O·DUWLVDQGHVRQSURSUHÀOP &·HVWXQORQJSURFHVVXVTXLHVW PrPH XQ SHX SpQLEOH SDUFH TX·LO V·pWLUHVXUWURLVPRLVHWGHPL(QFH VHQVODFRXUVHjODQRPLQDWLRQHVW SOXVH[WpQXDQWHTXHFHOOHjO·2VFDU OXLPrPH &HOOHOj YD rWUH pQHU YDQWH OH MRXU PrPH GH OD FpUpPR QLHPDLVHQFHPRPHQWF·HVWSOXV DPXVDQWTX·DXWUHFKRVH

/·(;(03/$,5( 0RQ VLHXU /D]KDU HVW DGDSWp G·XQH SLqFHGHWKpkWUHG·eYHO\QHGHOD &KHQHOLqUH 4X·DYH]YRXV WHQWp G·DMRXWHUjVRQ±XYUHGDQVYRWUH DGDSWDWLRQ" 3) ,O IDOODLW TXH M·LQYHQWH TXHOTXH FKRVH TXL DOODLW FUpHU XQH

&RXUWRLVLH6pYLOOH6LWH0pGLD

©&·pWDLWQRUPDOTX·HQWUDLWDQWGHO·pFROHRQWUDLWHDXVVLSDUODEDQGHGHGLIIpUHQWVHQMHX[0DLQWHQDQWVLTXHOTX·XQ UHJDUGH0RQVLHXU/D]KDUHWOHYRLWGDYDQWDJHFRPPHXQÀOPVXUO·LPPLJUDWLRQPRL MHQ·DLSDVGHSUREOqPHVDYHFoDªH[SOLTXH3KLOLSSH)DODUGHDX

WHQVLRQ pPRWLYH GX GpEXW j OD ÀQ SDUFHTXHFHQ·HVWSDVXQÀOPG·DF WLRQ FH Q·HVW SDV XQ WKULOOHU &HFL pWDQWGLWLOQHIDXWSDVGDQVXQÀOP FRPPHoDDYRLUODSUpWHQWLRQG·HQ PHWWUHSOHLQODYXHDXVSHFWDWHXU,O IDXW rWUH VREUH ,O IDXW VH FRQFHQ WUHU VXU OHV SHUVRQQDJHV VXU OHV pPRWLRQV

OD FODVVH FRPPHQW OHV HQIDQWV DO ODLHQWSDVVHUDXWUDYHUVHWFRPPHQW FH SURIHVVHXUOj DOODLW OHV DLGHU $SUqV oD OHV GLIIpUHQWHV FRXFKHV G·HQMHX[VRQWOjPDLVHOOHVVRQWXQ SHXHQWRLOHGHIRQG/HIDLWTXHoD VHGpURXOHGDQVXQHFODVVHF·HVWXQ SHXFRPPHVLoDSUHQDLWSODFHGDQV XQ PLFURFRVPH GH OD VRFLpWp /D FODVVHHQIDLWF·HVWXQODERUDWRLUH (QVRLF·HVWXQHPLVHHQVFqQH RLOVHSDVVHSOHLQGHFKRVHV TXLHVWDXVVLGLIÀFLOHjIDLUHTXHGH WRXUQHU HQ KpOLFRSWqUH GHV VFqQHV /·(;(03/$,5( 9RXV G·DFWLRQ -H VXLV FDSDEOH G·HQ ÀO DYH] GpMj DERUGp GDQV &RQJR PHU GHV FKDUV TXL IRQW GHV WRQ UDPDO·LGpHGXFKRFGHVFXOWXUHV QHDX[ PDLV ÀOPHU GHV SHUVRQQHV (QUpFLGLYDQWDYHF0RQVLHXU/D TXLRQWGHVpPRWLRQVHWHVVD\HUGH ]KDUHVWFHTXHO·RQSHXWSDUOHU OHVWUDQVPHWWUHjWUDYHUVODPLVHHQ G·XQ WKqPH UpFXUUHQW GDQV YRV VFqQH OH SODFHPHQW GH OD FDPpUD ±XYUHV" oDFHQ·HVWSDVIDFLOH 3) 'pÀQLWLYHPHQW -H QH OH /·(;(03/$,5( /H ÀOP TXDOLÀHUDLV SDV WURS GH FKRF GHV DERUGH SOXVLHXUV WKqPHV GLIIp FXOWXUHV PDLV FHUWDLQHPHQW G·LQ UHQWV OH GHXLO O·LQWpJUDWLRQ GHV WHUGpSHQGDQFH G·LQWHUUHODWLRQ LPPLJUDQWV OHV UHODWLRQV pOqYHV HQWUHOHVJHQVGHGLIIpUHQWVSD\V SURIHVVHXU OH V\VWqPH VFRODLUH TXpEpFRLV HW OH PXOWLFXOWXUD /H IDLW TXH QRWUH VRUW HVW WRXW OLVPH 'DQV YRWUH WUDYDLO DYH] XQ SHX OLp /H WKqPH UpFXUUHQW YRXV HVVD\p GH SULYLOpJLHU XQ GH WRXV PHV ÀOPV F·HVW OD TXrWH DQJOHSOXW{WTX·XQDXWUH" G·LGHQWLWpFROOHFWLYHPDLVDXVVLLQ GLYLGXHOOH,O\DXQSURFHVVXVDVVH] 3)-·DLSOXW{WHVVD\pGHSUL LQFRQVFLHQWPDLVF·HVWGHVVXMHWVHW YLOpJLHUOHWUDYDLOVXUOHGHXLOGDQV GHVXQLYHUVTXLP·DWWLUHQW

/·(;(03/$,5( 0RQ VLHXU /D]KDU GUHVVH XQ SRUWUDLW DVVH] ÀGqOH GHV SUREOqPHV GH QRWUH UpVHDX VFRODLUH TXpEpFRLV HW GH O·LQWpJUDWLRQ GHV LPPL JUDQWV DX 4XpEHF &UR\H]YRXV WRXWGHPrPHjO·XQLYHUVDOLWpGH YRWUHÀOP" 3) 2XL TXDQG oD VH SDVVH GDQV XQH FODVVH GX SULPDLUH F·HVW FHUWDLQ TXH oD GHYLHQW SOXW{W XQL YHUVHO 6XU OD SODQqWH OD PDMRULWp GHVJHQVYRQWDXPRLQVXQRXGHX[ DQV j O·pFROH SULPDLUH HW MH SHQVH TXH PrPH j  DQV RQ HQ JDUGH HQFRUHGHVVRXYHQLUV 'RQF FKDTXH VSHFWDWHXU D VRQ SRLQW G·HQWUpH SHUVRQQHO GDQV O·KLVWRLUHHWSHXWDLQVLV·\SURMHWHU 3RXU FH TXL HVW GHV SUREOqPHV GX UpVHDX VFRODLUH TXpEpFRLV FH TXH OHV JHQV GH SDUWRXW UHFRQQDLVVHQW F·HVWFRPPHQWXQV\VWqPHÀQLWSDU pWRXIIHUO·HQVHLJQDQW 'DQV SOXVLHXUV SD\V DSUqV OHVSURMHFWLRQVLO\DHXGHVHQVHL JQDQWV TXL VRQW YHQXV PH YRLU HW P·RQW GLW TX·LOV DYDLHQW UHFRQQX GDQVOHÀOPGHVSUREOqPHVSURFKHV GHOHXUUpDOLWp


M

L’EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

ON DE

eOHFWLRQSUpVLGHQWLHOOHIUDQoDLVH

$EVHQFHGHO·([WUrPHGURLWH" -HDQ%DSWLVWH'HOKRPPH MHDQEDSWLVWHGHOKRPPH#XODYDOFD 4XpEHF³0DULQH/H3HQSUpVLGHQWHGX)URQWQDWLRQDO )1  OHSDUWLIUDQoDLVG·H[WUrPHGURLWHFUDLQWSRXUVDSUpVHQFH DXSUHPLHUWRXUGHODSUpVLGHQWLHOOH(QGpSLWGHVG·LQ WHQWLRQGHYRWHGDQVOHVVRQGDJHVHOOHFUDLQWQHSDVREWHQLU OHVSDUUDLQDJHVGRQWHOOHDEHVRLQSRXUVDFDQGLGDWXUH

$

ÀQ GH VRUWLU GH O·LPSDVVH GX PDQTXH GH VLJQDWXUHV GH PDLUHV HQ SOXV G·DYRLU PXOWLSOLp OHV GpFODUDWLRQV GDQV OD SUHVVHODFKHIGX)1DYDLWIDLWDS SHO DX &RQVHLO FRQVWLWXWLRQQHO OD VHPDLQH GHUQLqUH (OOH VRXKDLWDLW REWHQLU TXH OHV SDUUDLQDJHV VRLHQW UHQGXV DQRQ\PHV 6D GHPDQGH D ÀQDOHPHQWpWpGpERXWpHSDUO·LQVWL WXWLRQPDUGLIpYULHU

G·DXWUHVSD\VRLODUULYHFHJHQUH GHFKRVHVªDWHOOHHQVXLWHPHQDFp 7RXWHIRLVVHORQ-HDQ<YHV&D PXVODVLWXDWLRQGH0DULQH/H3HQ V·HVW DPpOLRUpH GDQV OHV GHUQLqUHV VHPDLQHV©'pVRUPDLVOHSUREOqPH VHPEOHUpVROXHWOHVSDUUDLQDJHVDU

3RXU SDUWLFLSHU j O·pOHFWLRQ 0DULQH/H3HQGRLWUDVVHPEOHU SDUUDLQDJHVGHPDLUHVFHGRQWHOOH VH GLW LQFDSDEOH SRXU OH PRPHQW 6RQ DEVHQFH ORUV GH O·pFKpDQFH SRVHUDLWDORUVXQSUREOqPHGHQRQ UHSUpVHQWDWLRQGHVjG·pOHF WHXUV TXL OXL VRQW IDYRUDEOHV ©2Q FKHUFKH j P·pFDUWHU HW j pFDUWHU GHV PLOOLRQV GH )UDQoDLVª DWHOOH GpQRQFp OH  IpYULHU GHUQLHU ORUV G·XQ GpSODFHPHQW VXU O·vOH GH OD 5pXQLRQ©,OIDXGUDLWIDLUHDWWHQWLRQ SDUFH TX·LO \ D GHV GRJPHV TXL VH VRQW UHEHOOpV ORUVTX·RQ OHV SULYDLW GHGpPRFUDWLH,OQ·\DSDVTXHGDQV

ULYHQWDWLOQRWp-HFURLVGRQFTXH TXH FHOD VHUDLW XQ PDXYDLV FRXS OD SUpVHQFH GH 0DULQH /H 3HQ HVW SRXUODGpPRFUDWLHªDH[SRVp-HDQ DFTXLVHDXHUWRXUª <YHV &DPXV SROLWRORJXH IUDQoDLV VSpFLDOLVWH GH O·H[WUrPH GURLWH 8QHVLWXDWLRQTXLVHORQOHSR ©/RUVTX·XQ SDUWL UHFXHLOOH  OLWRORJXH-HDQ<YHV&DPXVODKDQ GHV LQWHQWLRQV GH YRWH OH SULYHU GLFDSDLW UpHOOHPHQW ©/HV PDLUHV GH SUpVLGHQWLHOOH Q·HVW TX·XQ WRXU VDYHQWTXHOHXUQRPSHXWrWUHUHQGX GH SDVVHSDVVH TXL QH UpVRXW HQ SXEOLF ,OV FUDLJQHQW OD UpDFWLRQ GH ULHQ OH SUREOqPH SRVp SDU O·H[LV OHXUV DGPLQLVWUpV HW DXVVL GH SRV WHQFH G·XQH H[WUrPH GURLWH IRUWHª VLEOHV PHVXUHV GH UpWRUVLRQ HQYHUV DWLODMRXWp OHXU FRPPXQH GH OD SDUW GH OHXUV FROOqJXHVGDQVOHVLQVWLWXWLRQVLQWHU /·pOHFWLRQGHVHPEOHrWUH FRPPXQDOHVªDWLOH[SOLTXp XQHpSUHXYHGHYpULWpSRXUOHSDUWL G·H[WUrPH GURLWH (Q MDQYLHU  ©6L 0DULQH /H 3HQ QH SHXW -HDQ0DULH/H3HQH[SUpVLGHQWHW SDV VH SUpVHQWHU MH UHVWH SHUVXDGp IRQGDWHXUGX)1HQDYDLWODLV VpOHVUrQHVGXSDUWLjVDÀOOH&HOOH FLDDORUVHQJDJpXQPRXYHPHQWGH FKDQJHPHQW G·LPDJH HQ URPSDQW DYHF OHV DVSHFWV OHV SOXV H[WUrPHV GXSDUWL

&RXUWRLVLH)OLFNU0DULQH/H3HQ

/DFDQGLGDWHGX)URQWQDWLRQDOORUVGHODSUpVHQWDLRQGHVRQ FRPLWpGHVRXWLHQOHIpYULHUGHUQLHU

©0DULQH /H 3HQ D WUDYDLOOp j GpGLDEROLVHUOH)1HWHOOH\HVWHQ JUDQGH SDUWLH SDUYHQXH 0DLV OD PpGDLOOH D VRQ UHYHUV j VH EDQDOL VHUHWjV·LQWpJUHUDXSD\VDJHSROL WLTXHOH)1SUHQGDXVVLXQULVTXH FHOXL GH GHYRLU rWUH DXVVL FUpGLEOH TXH OHV DXWUHV SDUWLV TXDQW j VRQ SURJUDPPHª D LQGLTXp (PPD QXHO &KHULHU SURIHVVHXU j O·,QV WLWXW G·eWXGHV 3ROLWLTXHV GH /LOOH ©/·RSLQLRQSXEOLTXHGLVWLQJXHELHQ FHX[ TXL SHXYHQW JRXYHUQHU GHV DXWUHVª

eOHFWLRQVSUpVLGHQWLHOOHVDX<pPHQ

5LVTXHGHSDUWLWLRQ1RUG6XG 3LHUUH/RXLV&XUDEHW SLHUUHORXLVFXUDEHW#XODYDOFD 4XpEHF ³ /HV <pPpQLWHV pWDLHQW DSSHOpV KLHU j pOLUH XQ QRXYHDXSUpVLGHQWSRXUUHPSODFHUO·H[SUpVLGHQW$OL$EGDO ODK 6DOHK GpFKX DSUqV  DQV GH UqJQH $QDO\VH GHV WHQ VLRQVTXLWUDYHUVHQWFHSD\VGHODSpQLQVXOHDUDELTXH

/

H <pPHQ HVW DYHF OH %D KUHwQO·XQGHVGHX[eWDWVGH ODSpQLQVXOHDUDELTXHjDYRLU FRQQX XQH YDJXH GH SURWHVWDWLRQ SRSXODLUHHQ©'DQVOHFDGUH GX3ULQWHPSVDUDEHLO\DXQPRX YHPHQW UpYROXWLRQQDLUH TXL WUDQV FHQGH OHV FULVHV \pPpQLWHV HW TXL V·HVWFULVWDOOLVpLQLWLDOHPHQWDXWRXU G·LQGLYLGXV TXL pWDLHQW WUqV SROLWL VpV PDLV LQGpSHQGDQWV GHV SDUWLV SROLWLTXHVDIÀUPH/DXUHQW%RQQH IR\ FKHUFKHXU j O·LQVWLWXW IUDQoDLV GX3URFKH2ULHQW ,)32 &·HVWXQ PRXYHPHQWVLPLODLUHjFHX[TXLVH VRQWGpURXOpVHQeJ\SWHRXHQ7X QLVLHª

LOIDXWVHSORQJHUGDQVO·KLVWRLUHGX SD\V/DSDUWLHQRUGDG·DERUGpWp VRXV HPSULVH RWWRPDQH MXVTX·HQ  DYDQW TXH OHV LPDPV QRU GLVWHVSUHQQHQWOHSRXYRLU-XOLHWWH +RQYDXOW FKHUFKHXVH VSpFLDOLVWH GX <pPHQ DX &HQWUH QDWLRQDO GH UHFKHUFKH VFLHQWLÀTXH &156  H[SOLTXH TXH ©F·pWDLW XQ UpJLPH WKpRFUDWLTXH TXL UHSRVDLW VXU O·DO OLDQFHHQWUHO·LPDPHWOHVWULEXVGX 1RUGª(QXQHJXHUUHFLYLOH pFODWHGDQVFHWWHSDUWLHQRUGGX<p PHQ SRXU ÀQDOHPHQW ©GRQQHU OLHX jODGpÀQLWLRQG·XQHWURLVLqPHYRLH jPLFKHPLQHQWUHPRGHUQLWpHWWUD GLWLRQª LQGLTXH OD FKHUFKHXVH GX &156

5HWRXUKLVWRULTXH 3RXU FRPSUHQGUH OHV WHQVLRQV 'HVRQF{WpOH6XGGX<pPHQ TXLSDUFRXUHQWODVRFLpWp\pPpQLWH D pWp RFFXSp SDU OHV %ULWDQQLTXHV

GHj­FHWWHGDWH©XQH JXpULOOD D PLV OHV $QJODLV GHKRUV HW XQH 5pSXEOLTXH GpPRFUDWLTXH SRSXODLUH GX <pPHQ GH WHQGDQFH PDU[LVWH D pWp GpFODUpHª UDFRQWH O·DQWKURSRORJXH )UDQFN 0HUPLHU 'DQVOHVDQQpHVO·8QLRQVR YLpWLTXHVHGpOLWHSHXjSHXHWSDU FRQVpTXHQWO·eWDW\pPpQLWHGX6XG V·DIIDLEOLW OXL DXVVL (Q  OHV GHX[<pPHQYRQWÀQDOHPHQWV·XQL ÀHU SRXU IRUPHU OD 5pSXEOLTXH GX <pPHQ

&156 /H V\VWqPH SROLWLTXH GX 1RUGDPLVODPDLQVXUO·HQVHPEOH GHV SUpURJDWLYHV DGPLQLVWUDWLYH HW SROLWLTXHGX<pPHQª

(QUDLVRQGHFHWpWRXIIHPHQWGX 6XGRQFRPSUHQGDORUVSRXUTXRLOH SUpVLGHQW SDU LQWpULP $EG DO5DE 0DQVRXU DO+DGL HVW ©XQ FDQGLGDW GH FRQVHQVXVª FRPPH O·DYDQFH )UDQFN0HUPLHU$LQVLFHJpQpUDO TXL D JRXYHUQp DYHF $OL $EGDOODK 6DOHKHQWDQWTXHYLFHSUpVLGHQWGH SXLVOHVDQQpHVHVWRULJLQDLUH /H6XGPDUJLQDOLVp GX6XG6DIXWXUHDFFHVVLRQDXSRX &HWWH YRORQWp G·XQLÀFDWLRQ YRLU>0DQVVRXUHVWOHVHXOFDQGLGDW HVW DQFLHQQH -XOLHWWH +RQYDXOW DI HQOLVWH@ODLVVHHQWUHYRLUXQHLQWpJUD ÀUPHDLQVLTX·©HOOHGDWHGHVDQQpHV WLRQUpHOOHGHVpOLWHVGXVXGDXVHLQ  GH SDUW HW G·DXWUH GH OD GXSRXYRLU\pPpQLWH IURQWLqUHHQWUHOHV<pPHQGX1RUG HW GX 6XGª 3RXUWDQW LO H[LVWH DX &H GHUQLHU SRLQW HVW G·DSUqV MRXUG·KXL GHV WHQVLRQV ELHQ UpHOOHV -XOLHWWH+RQYDXOW©OHYpULWDEOHHQ HQWUHOHVGHX[SDUWLHV\pPpQLWHV MHX GHV pOHFWLRQVª GX  IpYULHU ©6LOHVUHYHQGLFDWLRQVVXGLVWHVVRQW (QXQHJXHUUHFLYLOHV·HVW SULVHV HQ FRPSWH OH PRXYHPHQW FRQFOXHSDUODYLFWRLUHGX1RUGVXU VpSDUDWLVWHYDSHXWrWUHUHVWHULVROp OH 6XG ©/HV WHQVLRQV QRUGVXG QH DSSXLH )UDQFN 0HUPLHU ­ O·LQ VRQWOLpHVQLjODUHOLJLRQQLjO·HWK YHUVHVLFHQ·HVWSDVOHFDVFHPRX QLFLWp LQGLTXH OD FKHUFKHXVH GX YHPHQWSHXWVHGpYHORSSHUª



EN BREF crise en grèce 6DXYpHGHOD IDLOOLWH

(XURSH D WURXYp XQ DFFRUG LQH[WUHPLVPDUGLjKHXUHV GX PDWLQ SRXU VDXYHU O·pFRQRPLH JUHFTXHJUkFHjXQSUrWGHPLO OLDUGVG·HXURV&HQRXYHODFFRUGYD SHUPHWWUH j $WKqQHV GH UHPERXU VHU OD SDUWLH GH VD GHWWH YHQDQW j pFKpDQFHOHPDUVSURFKDLQ7RXV OHVeWDWVGHO·8QLRQHXURSpHQQHOD %DQTXH FHQWUDOH HXURSpHQQH HW OH VHFWHXU SULYp VRQW PLV j FRQWULEX WLRQ-XVTX·LFLOHVLQVWLWXWLRQVLQWHU QDWLRQDOHVRQWGpERXUVpSOXVGH PLOOLDUGVG·HXURV 3/&

pétrole iranien ,PSRUWDWLRQVYHUV O·8(VXVSHQGXH

,UDQDDQQRQFpGLPDQFKH GHUQLHU TX·LO FHVVDLW GH YHQGUH GX SpWUROH DX[ FRPSD JQLHV SpWUROLqUHV IUDQoDLVHV HW EULWDQQLTXHV /D UpSXEOLTXH LV ODPLTXH UpSRQG j OD GpFLVLRQ HXURSpHQQH GX  MDQYLHU GHU QLHU G·LPSRVHU XQ HPEDUJR VXU OHVLPSRUWDWLRQVGHEUXWHQSUR YHQDQFH G·,UDQ /·8QLRQ HXUR SpHQQHDDXVVLSULVGHVVDQFWLRQV pFRQRPLTXHV DÀQ G·DVVpFKHU OH ÀQDQFHPHQWGHVRQSURJUDPPH QXFOpDLUHFRQWURYHUVp 3/&

égypte 3UpVLGHQWLHOOHV HQMXLQ

8

QPHPEUHGHOD+DXWHFRP PLVVLRQ pOHFWRUDOH pJ\S WLHQQH$KPHG &KDPVHGGLQH D DQQRQFpGDQVOHVSDJHVGXTXR WLGLHQ $/ 0$65, $/ <280 TXH OHV pOHFWLRQV SUpVLGHQWLHOOHV VH WLHQGURQW HQ MXLQ SURFKDLQ 8Q DQDSUqVODFKXWHG·+RVQL0RX EDUDN OHV eJ\SWLHQV VRXKDLWHQW OH GpSDUW GX &RQVHLO VXSUrPH GHV IRUFHV DUPpHV TXL DVVXUH O·LQWpULP /H FKHI G·eWDW pJ\S WLHQQHSRXUUDGpVRUPDLVFXPX OHU TXH GHX[ PDQGDWV FRQVpFX WLIVGHTXDWUHDQV 3/&

espagne 1RQjODUpIRUPH GXWUDYDLO

/

HV(VSDJQROVpWDLHQWGDQVOD UXH GLPDQFKH GHUQLHU SRXU SURWHVWHU FRQWUH OD UpIRUPH GX WUDYDLO DGRSWpH SDU OH JRXYHU QHPHQWGH0DULDQR5DMR\OH IpYULHU'DQVXQSD\VROHWDX[ GH FK{PDJH DYRLVLQH OHV  OHJRXYHUQHPHQWHVSDJQROWHQWH GHÁH[LELOLVHUOHPDUFKpGXWUD YDLO SDU OD EDLVVH GHV LQGHPQL WpV GH OLFHQFLHPHQW HW GHV PH VXUHVSRXUVWLPXOHUO·HPSORLGHV MHXQHV 3/&




C

U LT URE

$OEHUWHOD%XUTXHWWH

EN BREF iphigénie en auto /LPRLORXJUHF

/

D FRPSDJQLH /D 9LHUJH )ROOH HW OH MHXQH DXWHXU PHWWHXU HQ VFqQH 0D[LPH 5R ELQ  GRQQDLHQW OHXU SUHPLqUH UHSUpVHQWDWLRQ OH  IpYULHU DX WKpkWUH3UHPLHU$FWH,SKLJpQLH HQ DXWR HVW XQH DGDSWDWLRQ GH O·±XYUH JUHFTXH 2UHVWLH G·(V FK\OH /·KLVWRLUH JUHFTXH HVW WUDQVSRVpH GDQV OH TXDUWLHU /L PRLORXHQ,O\HVWTXHV WLRQGHWDERXVGHVRXIIUDQFHHW GX GHXLO  /D SLqFH HVW SUpVHQ WpHMXVTX·DXPDUVSURFKDLQ $* 

radio radio HDOEXP

/

HJURXSH5DGLR5DGLRODQ FHUD VRQ QRXYHO DOEXP +DYUH GH JUkFH OH  DYULO SURFKDLQ 3RXU FH GLVTXH TXL IDLW VXLWH j %HOPXQGR 5HJDO OHV $FDGLHQV FROODERUHQW DYHF XQH IRXOH G·DUWLVWHV GRQW O·DF FRUGpRQLVWH +RUDFH 7UDKDQ OD SRqWH DFDGLHQQH *HRUJHWWH /H%ODQF OHV SHUFXVVLRQQLVWHV -XOLHQ 6DJRW HW 6WpSKDQH %HU JHURQ PHPEUHV GX JURXSH .DUNZD  $*

sunny duval $GLHXOHV %UHDVWIHHGHUV

/

HV %UHDVWIHHGHUV GRQQH URQWOHXUSUHPLHUVSHFWDFOH VDQV OH JXLWDULVWH 6XQQ\ 'XYDO OHIpYULHUSURFKDLQj:DWHU ORR/HFRQFHUWDX&HUFOHGX IpYULHU pWDLW OH GHUQLHU SDVVDJH GHV %UHDVWIHHGHUV j 4XpEHF /H PXVLFLHQ IDLVDLW SDUWLH GX JURXSH GHSXLV  ,O D DXVVL ODQFp GHX[ DOEXPV VROR $FKL JDQHQHW6HLQQRLUVHLQ EODQFHQ $*

danse contemporaine &RPSRVLWHXUV UHPL[pV

+

RUD GX FKRUpJUDSKH LV UDpOLHQ 2KDG 1DKDULQ SUHQGUDG·DVVDXWOD6DOOH/RXLV )UpFKHWWH GX *UDQG 7KpkWUH GH 4XpEHF DYHF OHV GDQVHXUV GH OD %DWVKHYD 'DQFH &RP SDQ\ /·±XYUH UHYLVLWH SDU OD GDQVH OHV SOXV JUDQGV FODV VLTXHV PXVLFDX[ GH :DJQHU j 'HEXVV\ /D FKRUpJUDSKLH SXLVVDQWH HW DLJXLVpH WUDGXLW OD ULJXHXU GX FKRUpJUDSKH TXL MRQJOH DYHF OD IROLH HW O·DX GDFHGDQVXQHGDQVHGpSRXLOOpH GH WRXW DUWLÀFH 9LVLWH pSKp PqUH G·XQ VRLU OH  IpYULHU &'/

L’EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

:HE%'EUDQFKpH

9DOpULH/DÁDPPH&DURQ YDOHULHOD»DPPHFDURQ#XODYDOFD

4XpEHF ³ /HV DPLV G·$OEHUWH OD %XUTXHWWH SHXYHQW GpVRU PDLVVXLYUHVHVSpULSpWLHVVXUXQWRXWQRXYHDXVLWHZHE(Q FROODERUDWLRQ DYHF O·2IÀFH QDWLRQDO GX ÀOP HW &LUUXV &RP PXQLFDWLRQVOHEpGpLVWH)UDQFLV'HVKDUQDLVDpODERUpXQH SODWHIRUPHTXLSHUPHWDX[SDVVLRQQpVG·LQWHUDJLUDYHFVRQ IDPHX[SHUVRQQDJH

$

OEHUWH LQFDUQH XQH DGROHV FHQWH SDUPL WDQW G·DXWUHV 3DVVLRQQpH GH PRGH HW GH PXVLTXHSRSHOOHPpSULVHO·pGXFD WLRQTXHVRQSqUHWHQWHWDQWELHQTXH PDOGHOXLWUDQVPHWWUH&·HVWSRXUOXL RIIULUODFKDQFHGHFRPEDWWUHVDVX SHUÀFLDOLWpTXHFHGHUQLHUO·REOLJH SRXUXQHSpULRGHG·XQDQjSRUWHU ODEXUTD

ODWLRQHWOHVFRPPLVVDLUHVjSUHQGUH GXUHFXO0rPHV·LODERUGHGHVWKp PDWLTXHV GpOLFDWHV OH EpGpLVWH VDLW SRXUWDQWpYLWHUODFRQWURYHUVH

,O QH SDUOH SDV GH UHOLJLRQ O·HVVHQWLHO pWDQW GH UDFRQWHU XQH KLVWRLUH ©-H WURXYH TXH OHV FRP PHQWDWHXUV GH O·DFWXDOLWp VRQW UD UHPHQWLQIRUPpVGHVVXMHWVGRQWLOV WUDLWHQW&RPPHM·DLPRLPrPHGH /H EpGpLVWH )UDQFLV 'HVKDU ODGLIÀFXOWpjPHIDLUHXQHRSLQLRQ QDLV D LPDJLQp FHWWH KLVWRLUH HQ VXUWRXWFHTXLVHSDVVHMHSUpIqUH SOHLQ GpEDW VXU OHV DFFRPPRGH MRXHUDYHFOHVFRQWUDVWHV6DQVLP PHQWV UDLVRQQDEOHV ­ SDUWLU GH SRVHUGHSRLQWGHYXHM·DUULYHWRXW FHWWHWUDPHLODFRQoXXQDOEXPHQ GHPrPHjVXVFLWHUGHVUpÁH[LRQVª  SXLV XQ GHX[LqPH HQ  TXLVHVRQWpFRXOpVjSOXVLHXUVPLO 'HV EORJXHXVHV UDWWDFKpHV DX OLHUV G·H[HPSODLUHV 8Q YpULWDEOH VLWHMHVXLVIHPLQLVWHFRPRQWSDUWDJp VXFFqV FRPPH O·H[SOLTXH O·DX OHXUVLPSUHVVLRQVVXUTXHOTXHVGHV WHXU ©'DQV OH PRQGH GH OD EDQGH VLQVGH%XUTXHWWHj/·(;(03/$,5( GHVVLQpHTXpEpFRLVHRQVHIpOLFLWH GpMj ORUVTX·RQ DUULYH j HQ YHQGUH ©'HV FDSVXOHV FRXUWHV ULJR TXHOTXHVFHQWDLQHVª ORWHV HW DGGLFWLYHV 3DU FRQWUH OH PHVVDJHTXHO·RQVRXKDLWHYpKLFX 5DFRQWHUXQHKLVWRLUH OHU Q·HVW SDV FODLU &·HVW SHXWrWUH /RUV GH OD FRPPLVVLRQ %RX FH TXL UHQG OH WRXW LQWpUHVVDQWª FKDUG7D\ORUVXUOHVSUDWLTXHVG·DF 8QH DXWUH VH UDSSHOOH DYRLU IRXOp FRPPRGHPHQWUDLVRQQDEOH)UDQFLV OHV EDQFV G·pFROH HQ PrPH WHPSV 'HVKDUQDLVDGpSRVpjWLWUHGHPp TXHO·DXWHXU©-HGRLVGLUHTXHGDQV PRLUH TXHOTXHV SODQFKHV GH %XU VDJDQJGH¶¶]RXIV··LOpWDLWOHVHXOj TXHWWH,OVRXKDLWDLWLQYLWHUODSRSX GLVFXWHUIpPLQLVPHDYHFPRLª

­ODUHQFRQWUHG·$OEHUWH

/HVLWHZHEGH%XUTXHWWHEXU TXHWWHRQIFDHVWOHIUXLWGHTXDWUH DQQpHVGHODEHXUGHUpÁH[LRQHWGH UHFKHUFKHGHÀQDQFHPHQW$UULPpH DX[WHQGDQFHVDFWXHOOHVVDGLPHQ VLRQ LQWHUDFWLYH LQFLWH OH SXEOLF j UHYHQLU /HV YLVLWHXUV SHXYHQW \ GpFRXYULUGHVFDSVXOHVYLGpRPDLV DXVVL XQH EDQGH GHVVLQpH KHEGR PDGDLUH TXL PHW HQ OXPLqUH FHU WDLQVpYpQHPHQWVOLpVjO·DFWXDOLWp

0rPH V·LO DIÀUPH QH SDV FL EOHU XQ SXEOLF SDUWLFXOLHU )UDQ FLV 'HVKDUQDLV FRQYLHQW TXH VD EDQGH GHVVLQpH DWWLUH GDYDQWDJH OHVIHPPHVkJpHVGHjDQV ,OHVSqUHTXHFHVQRXYHDX[FDQDX[ GH GLIIXVLRQ IHURQW FRQQDvWUH VRQ WUDYDLOjXQSOXVODUJHDXGLWRLUH

$YHF $OEHUWH OD %XUTXHWWH )UDQFLV 'HVKDUQDLV D UHPSRUWp SOXVLHXUV SUL[ HQ  GRQW OH *UDQG SUL[ GH OD YLOOH GH 4XpEHF /H SXEOLF HVW DXVVL LQYLWp j SRXU OH PHLOOHXU DOEXP HW OH 3UL[ YRWHUFKDTXHVHPDLQHSRXUOHVXMHW 5pDO)LOOLRQ GpFHUQp j O·DXWHXU TXL \ VHUD WUDLWp /HV SOXV JUDQGV TXpEpFRLV V·pWDQW OH SOXV LOOXVWUp IDQVSRXUURQWOLUHOHMRXUQDOGH%XU DYHFVRQSUHPLHUDOEXP TXHWWH TXL V·LQVSLUH GHV VWDQGDUGV HQYRJXHVXU)DFHERRN,OHVWDXVVL /H  IpYULHU $OEHUWH OD %XU SRVVLEOH G·DVVLVWHU HQ GLUHFW j GHV TXHWWH HVW DXVVL GHYHQXH FKURQL SHUIRUPDQFHVGHGHVVLQPHWWDQWHQ TXHXVH SRXU 9RLUFD 8Q SHUVRQ YHGHWWHO·DXWHXUHWVRQSHUVRQQDJH QDJHGDQVO·DLUGXWHPSV

&RXUWRLVLH$OH[DQGUH'HWU\

©'DQVOHPRQGHGHODEDQGHGHVVLQpHTXpEpFRLVHRQVHIpOLFLWHGpMjORUVTX·RQ DUULYHjHQYHQGUHTXHOTXHVFHQWDLQHVªUHODWH)UDQFLV'HVKDUQDLV

(QWUHWLHQDYHF0D[LPH5RELQ

1RXYHODOEXPGX©%HDWPDNHUª 0pOLVVD&{Wp PHOLVVDFRWH#XODYDOFD

'XUDQW FHV DQQpHV OH FRPSR VLWHXU WURXYH OH WHPSV SRXU FUpHU 4XpEHF³0D[LPH5RELQODQFHOHPRLVSURFKDLQj0RQWUpDO VD SURSUH HQWUHSULVH (URERW( HW j 4XpEHF VRQ WURLVLqPH DOEXP ,QWLWXOp ',< VZDJ  O·DO ©/·LGpH GH GpSDUW pWDLW GH PRQWHU EXPGHWLWUHVSDUDvWUDVRXVO·pWLTXHWWH1HIHULX5HFRUGV XQ WUXF SRXU YHQGUH GHV GLVTXHV VSpFLDOLVpHGDQVOHUDSHWODPXVLTXHLQVWUXPHQWDOH LQGpSHQGDQWVVXU,QWHUQHWªUDFRQWH 0D[LPH5RELQ(URERW(HVWGHYH D[LPH 5RELQ FRPSRVH 0D[LPH 5RELQ D pWXGLp j QXHXQHHQWUHSULVHSHUVRQQHOOH GHSXLV XQH TXLQ]DLQH O·8QLYHUVLWp /DYDO HQ FRPPXQL G·DQQpHV ©%HDWPDNHUª FDWLRQ JUDSKLTXH ©/D IRUPDWLRQ ©&KDTXHIRLVTXHMHIDLVDLVGHV RULJLQDLUHGH7URLV5LYLqUHVLOIDLW Q·pWDLW SDV WUqV SURIHVVLRQQHOOH FRQWUDWVMHSDVVDLVSDUO·HQWUHSULVH SDUWLH GX GXR GXEVWHS 3D[ .LQJ] DORUVLOpWDLWGXUGHWURXYHUXQHP &·pWDLWDXVVLGHYHQXODPDQLqUHGH HW FROODERUH DYHF SOXVLHXUV DXWUHV SORLªFRQÀHOHMHXQHKRPPH VRUWLU PHV GLVTXHVª 6RQ SUHPLHU DUWLVWHV GX 4XpEHF FRPPH 0F DOEXPDLQVLTXHSOXVLHXUVFROODER 3K\OLV 0DvWUH - RX HQFRUH 0DWW 3UHQGUHGHO·H[SpULHQFH UDWLRQV DYHF 0& 3K\OLV VRQW GRQF 'DUNR 0D[LPH 5RELQ V·HVW DXVVL VRUWLVVRXVO·pWLTXHWWH(URERW( LPSOLTXp j OD UDGLR GX FDP 6DPXVLTXHHVWXQPpODQJHGHFRO SXV &+<= ,O \ D RFFXSp GLYHUV /HV GHX[ SUHPLHUV DOEXPV GH ODJHV PXVLFDX[ VRLW G·pOHFWUR GH SRVWHVGHEpQpYROHjSUpVLGHQWGX 0D[LPH 5RELQ ,V D WRZQWHPSR KLSKRS HW GH UDS ©-·DFKqWH GHV FRQVHLOG·DGPLQLVWUDWLRQ,ODDXVVL NLQG RI JX\   HW 0RQGULDQ YLHX[YLQ\OHVHWM·pFKDQWLOORQQHGHV WHQX OHV U{OHV G·DQLPDWHXU HW GH 2ZQV *HRPHWU\   RQW SHWLWVERXWVSRXUIDLUHGHVQRXYHDX[ GLUHFWHXU GH OD SURJUDPPDWLRQ ,O WRXV OHV GHX[ pWp VpOHFWLRQQpV j EHDWVSRXUIDLUHGHODQRXYHOOHPX TXDOLÀH VRQ H[SpULHQFH j &+<= O·$',64 GDQV OD FDWpJRULH DOEXP VLTXH H[SOLTXH O·DUWLVWH &·HVW GX FRPPH pWDQW ©WUqV YDULpH HW GH O·DQQpHPXVLTXH pOHFWURQLTXH KLSKRSPDLVVDQVOHVSDUROHVª HQULFKLVVDQWHª ©3RXU OH SUHPLHU DOEXP M·pWDLV

0

MXVWH FRQWHQW G·rWUH QRPLQpª DG PHWOHFRPSRVLWHXU3RXUOHVHFRQG OHSURFHVVXVDpWpSOXVFRPSOLTXp 3RXU rWUH FRQVLGpUp SDU O·$',64 LO IDXW HQ HIIHW GpERXUVHU    HWHQYR\HUXQHGRX]DLQHGHFRSLHV GHO·DOEXP ©8Q SURWRFROH FR€WHX[ SRXU GHV DUWLVWHV LQGpSHQGDQWVª H[ SOLTXH 0D[LPH 5RELQ j /·(;(0 3/$,5(&HOXLFLDG€IDEULTXHUjOD PDLQOHVGRX]HFRSLHVSXLVTXHVRQ DOEXPpWDLWXQLTXHPHQWGLVSRQLEOH GHIDoRQQXPpULTXHVXU,QWHUQHW

',< 6ZDJ VHUD GLVSRQLEOH OH  IpYULHU VXU OD SDJH %DQGFDPS GHO·DUWLVWH/HPrPHMRXU0D[LPH 5RELQFRPPHQFHUDVDWRXUQpHSUR PRWLRQQHOOH j OD VRLUpH $UW%HDW j 0RQWUpDO /H  PDUV OH MHXQH FRPSRVLWHXU HIIHFWXHUD XQ VHFRQG ODQFHPHQW G·DOEXP j 4XpEHF DX &HUFOH


C

L’EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

6DORQGHODPXVLTXH LQGpSHQGDQWHGH4XpEHF

ULT URE



-XOLHQ6DJRW

(QDWWHQGDQW .DUNZD«

6DYRLU V·LPSRVHU

.DU\DQ)RUWLQ7KHUULHQ NDU\DQIRUWLQWKHUULHQ#XODYDOFD

4XpEHF²6HL]HJURXSHVVHVRQWYXVRIIULUXQHYLWULQHORUV GHVHVRLUpHVGX6DORQGHODPXVLTXHLQGpSHQGDQWHGH 4XpEHF 60,4 GDQVOHFDGUHGHOD%RXUVH5,'($8 /HVJHQVGXPLOLHXFRQVWDWHQWTX·LOIDXWPHWWUHOHVERX FKpHVGRXEOHVSRXUSHUFHUGDQVOHVFRQGLWLRQVDFWXHOOHV

©1

RXV YLVRQV j FUpHU GHVOLHX[GHUDVVHP EOHPHQWGDQVOHVPL OLHX[ pPHUJHQWV $YHF 5,'($8 5pVHDXLQGpSHQGDQWGHVGLIXVHXUV G·pYpQHPHQWVDUWLVWLTXHVXQLV OHV GLIIXVHXUVVRQWVXUSODFHHWRQOHXU SURSRVHGHVQRXYHDX[JURXSHVªD LQIRUPp.ULVWHOO/H1{WUHUHVSRQ VDEOH GHV FRPPXQLFDWLRQV SRXU OHV6DORQVGHODPXVLTXHLQGpSHQ GDQWH 60, 

pPHUJHQWV ©&·HVW XQ PLFUR FRVPHªDODQFp3HWHU3HWHU

/D GXDOLWp HQWUH OHV ODQJXHV DQJODLVH HW IUDQoDLVH VHPEOH pJD OHPHQW ELHQ SUpVHQWH ©(Q IUDQ oDLV ORUVTXH WX FRPPHQFHV GDQV O·LQGXVWULHFHQ·HVWSDVOHVPrPHV FUpQHDX[QLOHVPrPHVVFqQHV7X MRXHVVRXYHQWDX[PrPHVHQGURLWV HW PRL F·HVW FH TXL PH VWUHVVHª D ODLVVp HQWHQGUH OH FKDQWHXU TXL YHXWpWHQGUHVDFDUULqUHDXGHOjGH /D %RXUVH 5,'($8 HVW ©OH ODVFqQHTXpEpFRLVH SOXV LPSRUWDQW UHQGH]YRXV IUDQ FRSKRQH GHV SURIHVVLRQQHOV GHV 3RXU6LPRQ3HOOHWLHU*LOEHUW DUWV GH OD VFqQH HQ $PpULTXHª FRIRQGDWHXU GHV 'LVTXHV 1R WHOTXHGpFULWSDU0DUOqQH0RULQ PDGHHWPHPEUHGHODIRUPDWLRQ UHVSRQVDEOH GHV FRPPXQLFDWLRQV ,VDEHDX HW OHV FKHUFKHXUV G·RU OH GDQVOHFRPPXQLTXpGHSUHVVHGH PDUFKp TXpEpFRLV Q·HVW SDV SOXV O·pYpQHPHQW GLIÀFLOH TX·XQ DXWUH PDUFKp ©,O \ D XQH EHOOH VWUXFWXUH TXL H[LVWH )RUWHGHPDQGH HW GH QRPEUHX[ OLHX[ GH UDVVHP /D GHPDQGH GHV JURXSHV EOHPHQW FRPPH OD %RXUVH 5, pPHUJHQWV HVW UpHOOH VHORQ 0PH '($8ª /H1{WUH/HIpYULHUOD60,4 DSUpVHQWpVRQXQLTXHFRQIpUHQFH %LHQTXHOHJRXYHUQHPHQWQH ©&RPPHQWELHQVHSUpSDUHUHWJp IDVVH SDV G·DUJHQW HQ RIIUDQW GHV UHUHIÀFDFHPHQWOHVGpÀVGHODYLH VXEYHQWLRQV LO HVW WRXMRXUV Oj ,O GHWRXUQpHªGH'DQLHO0HLHUVR VWLSXOH WRXW GH PrPH TX·HQ WDQW QRULVDWHXU HW GLUHFWHXU WHFKQLTXH TX·DUWLVWHLOIDXWLQYHVWLUpQRUPp &HWWH GHUQLqUH D UDSLGHPHQW UHoX PHQWGHWHPSVHWG·DUJHQWVLO·RQ O·LQWpUrW HVFRPSWp VH GpURXODQW YHXW VH IDLUH FRQQDvWUH ©,O Q·\ D GHYDQW SOXV G·XQH FLQTXDQWDLQH SDVGHSUL[SRXUUpFROWHUOHVIUXLWV G·DUWLVDQV GX PLOLHX ©1RWUH RE GHVRQWUDYDLOªDDYLVp03HOOH MHFWLISRXUO·DQSURFKDLQHVWG·RI WLHU*LOEHUW IULU GDYDQWDJH GH IRUPDWLRQV DX[ DUWLVWHVªDSUpFLVp0PH/H1{WUH 6XUODTXHVWLRQGHODODQJXH LOVRXWLHQWTXHFKDQWHUHQDQJODLV (Q HQWUHYXH WpOpSKRQLTXH j SRXU XQ JURXSH pPHUJHQW DX /·(;(03/$,5( 3HWHU 3HWHU TXL 4XpEHF SHXW rWUH XQ IUHLQ DX Gp pWDLWHQVSHFWDFOHGDQVOHFDGUHGHV YHORSSHPHQW G·XQH FDUULqUH ©/D 6RLUpHVGX60,4Q·DTXHGHERQV GLVSRQLELOLWpG·DLGHÀQDQFLqUHGHV PRWV SRXU O·RUJDQLVPH ©&·HVW RUJDQLVPHV JRXYHUQHPHQWDX[ HVW YUDLPHQWXWLOHHWLPSRUWDQW,OIDXW PRLQGUH,OVYRQWVWLPXOHUODODQ TX·LO\DLWGHVVHUYLFHVSRXUODUH JXHIUDQoDLVHHWYRQWGLIÀFLOHPHQW OqYHª ÀQDQFHUGHVSURMHWVDQJORSKRQHVª /HPXVLFLHQDODQFpHQPDUV  XQ DOEXP pSRQ\PH VRXV O·pWLTXHWWH $XGLRJUDP OD PrPH PDLVRQ GH GLVTXHV TXH OH JURXSH jVXFFqV.DUNZD,OQ·DTX·XQVHXO FRQVHLOjGRQQHUjFHX[TXLFRP PHQFHQW©,OIDXWWRXMRXUVV·pFRX WHUHWFURLUHHQFHTXHO·RQSHQVH G·DERUGªDWLOVRXOHYp

2XWUH OD ODQJXH OD GXDOLWp HQWUH OHV YLOOHV HVW pJDOHPHQW XQ REVWDFOH &·HVW FH TXH VRXWLHQW $OH[DQGUH 0DUWHO FKDQWHXU GX JURXSH pPHUJHQW GH 4XpEHF 0DXYHV©1RWUHSOXVJUDQGHGLIÀ FXOWpHVWGHVHIDLUHUHFRQQDvWUHj 0RQWUpDOSXLVTX·RQYLHQWGH4Xp EHF,OH[LVWHXQHKRVWLOLWpEL]DUUH GXIDLWTXHVLWXQ·HVSDVGDQVOD /H PDUFKp TXpEpFRLV HVW DV JDQJ ¶¶0RQWUpDO·· F·HVW XQ SHX VH] SDUWLFXOLHU SRXU OHV JURXSHV IHUPpª

3KRWR&DWKHULQH'HVURFKHV/DSRLQWH

/·DOEXPVROR3LDQR0DOGH-XOLHQ6DJRWHVWDYDQWWRXWXQHPDQLqUHGHVHGpFRXYULUOXLPrPH &DWKHULQH'HVURFKHV/DSRLQWH FDWKHULQHGHVURFKHVODSRLQWH#XODYDOFD

3RXU FH TXL HVW GHV SURMHWV OD WrWH GH -XOLHQ 6DJRW Q·HVW SDV HQ FDUHQFH ­ GpIDXW GH SRXYRLU 4XpEHF³-XOLHQ6DJRWPLHX[FRQQXFRPPHpWDQWOHSHU UpYHLOOHU OHV PRUWV LO VRXKDLWHUDLW FXVVLRQQLVWH GH OD IRUPDWLRQ .DUNZD SURÀWH GH OD SDXVH pYHQWXHOOHPHQW FROODERUHU DYHF TXHV·HVWRIIHUWHOHJURXSHSRXUPHWWUHGHO·DYDQWVHVSUR 3KLOLSSH .DWHULQH RX WUDYDLOOHU MHWVSHUVRQQHOV3DVGHSDQLTXHSRXUOHVIDQV&HOXLTXLYLHQW DXSUqV GH &RQQDQ 0RFNDVLQ XQ GHODQFHUVRQSUHPLHUDOEXP3LDQR0DODVVXUHTXHO·KLVWRLUH FROOHFWLI QpR]pODQGDLV j VDYHXU ©JDLQVERXUHVTXHª HQWUHOHVFLQTJDUoRQVQ·HVWSDVGXWRXWWHUPLQpH

©-

HVXLVWRXWVHXOjSUHQGUH GHV GpFLVLRQV HW j FKRL VLU'DQVOHVPRPHQWVGH GRXWH SDUIRLV F·HVW GLIÀFLOH 0DLV oDoDSDVVHDVVH]YLWHHWjXQPR PHQWGRQQpLOIDXWVHEUDQFKHUªD VRXOLJQp O·DXWHXUFRPSRVLWHXULQ WHUSUqWHTXDQWDXIDLWGHUpDOLVHUXQ DOEXPVDQVOHVRXWLHQKDELWXHOGHV PHPEUHVGH.DUNZD©&HWWHOLEHU WpOj GH QH SDV FRXSHU VRQ LGpH j FLQT RX VL[ F·HVW VXSHU VWLPXODQW -·DSSUHQGV YUDLPHQW EHDXFRXSª DWLODMRXWp /·DOEXP VROR GH -XOLHQ 6DJRW HVWDYDQWWRXWXQHPDQLqUHGHVHGp FRXYULUOXLPrPH%LHQHQWHQGXLO DYDLW©TXDQGPrPHGHVFRPSWHVj UHQGUHª LO \ DYDLW XQH FRPPDQGH GHUULqUH OH SURMHW 0DLV SRXU VD SDUW ©F·pWDLW YUDLPHQW SRXU IDLUH GHODPXVLTXHHWWULSSHUª &H TXL VWLPXOH JUDQGHPHQW OH WUDYDLOGH6DJRWjWUDYHUVVHVFRP SRVLWLRQV F·HVW OH U\WKPH GH OD YLOOH TXL IDLW SDUWLH LQWpJUDQWH GH VRQ ±XYUH ©-·DLPH OD UXH M·DLPH YRLUGHVJHQVTXLV·HQWDVVHQWGDQV OHVJUDQGHVYLOOHVMHWURXYHoDIDV FLQDQW 'HV IRLV MH WURXYH oD Vp FXULVDQW TXDQG LO \ D EHDXFRXS GH JHQV/HVYLOOHVGRUWRLUVoDPHIDLW SHXU-HSHQVHTXHMHQHVHUDLVSDV ELHQjODFDPSDJQH0·LVROHUSRXU pFULUH oD VHUDLW YUDLPHQW XQ SUR EOqPHªDWLOVRXWHQX 3RXU UpDOLVHU O·DOEXP LO D SX FRPSWHU VXU OHV ERQV VRLQV

GH 6LPRQ $QJHOO 3DWULFN :DW &RJQHUDX[SRUWHVGXGHVWLQ VRQ 7KXV2ZOV  DYHF TXL LO D VX ©,OIDXWRVHUFRJQHUDX[SRUWHV PHWWUHHQPXVLTXHXQHpFULWXUHWUqV &·HVW OjGHVVXV TX·LO IDXW TXH MH V\QRSWLTXH WUDYDLOOH FHWWH DQQpH $OOHU YRLU OHVJHQVTXLP·LQVSLUHQWHWTXLPH 3RODUQRLU IRQWWULSSHUªDVRXWHQX-XOLHQ6D ©/D FKDQVRQ ¶¶/H WUXFLÀp·· JRW 'DQV O·RSWLTXH G·XQ pYHQWXHO F·pWDLW YUDLPHQW SOXV XQH KLVWRLUH YLGpRFOLS O·KRPPHRUFKHVWUH DL 2QO·DODQFpHHWHQVXLWHRQDKDELOOp PHUDLW EHDXFRXS IDLUH DSSHO DX O·KLVWRLUH 2Q V·HVW GLW TXH oD QH WDOHQW GH &ODXGLH *DJQRQ TXL H[ SRXYDLWSDVÀQLUOjDORUVRQDpFULW FHOOHGDQVO·DUWGHIDLUHUHYLYUHGHV VDUpVXUUHFWLRQ-HWURXYHoDLPSRU WDEOHDX[GHJUDQGVPDvWUHVjO·DLGH WDQWTXHODPXVLTXHUHVSLUHHQVRL GHFRPpGLHQVHWGHFDPpUDV /·pFULWXUH HW OD PXVLTXH LO QH IDXW SDVTXHoDHQWUHHQFRQÁLW'HVIRLV 6DJRW FDUHVVH pJDOHPHQW OH WURLV PRWV oD VXIÀW SRXU DSSX\HU UrYH GH SRUWHU VRQ DUW j XQ FDGUH XQH FKDQVRQ -H FKHUFKDLV TXHOTXH SOXV ODUJH HQ SDUWLFLSDQW j GHV FKRVH GH OpJHU PDLV HQ PrPH KDSSHQLQJV R VH PrOHUDLHQW OD WHPSVDYHFGHVFRXFKHVªDWLOH[ PXVLTXH OD SHUIRUPDQFH OD SHLQ SOLTXpSRXUGpFULUHVRQWUDYDLO WXUH OH GLUHFW HW O·pSKpPqUH 3DV pWRQQDQW VXUWRXW TXDQG LO PHQ ©0RQ DOEXP HVW YUDLPHQW WLRQQH VRQ DPRXU SRXU OD FXOWXUH VRPEUH-HQHVDLVSDVSRXUTXRLMH ULWXHOOHGHO·$IULTXHQRLUHRLODL VXLVYUDLPHQWTXHOTX·XQGHSRVLWLI PHUDLWpQRUPpPHQWSRXYRLUOpJXHU TXLDLPHOHVJHQVdDGRLWrWUHPRQ VHV U\WKPHV ©&·HVW VXSHU ULFKH VXEFRQVFLHQW'DQVOHIRQGMHVXLV O·$IULTXH /D PXVLTXH WULEDOH OD SHXWrWUH EHDXFRXS SOXV GpSUHVVLI FXOWXUHHQJpQpUDO-HSDUWLUDLVELHQ TXHMHQHOHSHQVDLVªDWLOHQYR\p GHPDLQPDWLQªDWLOpYRTXp G·XQVRXULUHFRQWDJLHX[ /HV YR\DJHV VRQW SRXU OXL XQ $XGHOjGH3LDQR0DO HVVHQWLHO TXH VRQ PpWLHU  SHUPHW 6·LODYDLWOHSRXYRLUGHUpVXU G·DVVXUHU©0DLVOHSUREOqPHDYHF UHFWLRQ -XOLHQ 6DJRW  QH PDQTXH OH SULQFLSH GH WRXUQpH F·HVW TXH SDV G·LPDJLQDWLRQ ©)DLUH GX F·HVWWRXWOHWHPSVFRPPHGHVFRwWV WKpkWUHDYHF'DOLHWV€UHPHQWIDLUH LQWHUURPSXV 7X DUULYHV GDQV XQH GHV FKDQVRQV DYHF $QGUp %UHWRQ YLOOH WX DV XQ DSUqVPLGL SRXU YL -H WURXYH TXH oD IDLW GX ELHQ TXH VLWHUHWF·HVWGpMjWHUPLQp$ORUVWX oDDSOHLQGHVHQVFHTX·LOVRQWIDLW UDPDVVHVXQJUDLQHWjXQPRPHQW >OH VXUUpDOLVPH@ -·DLPHUDLV DXVVL GRQQpTXDQGWXDVj\UHWRXUQHUWX oDSUHQGUHXQERQFRXSDYHF%RULV WH UHWURXYHV DYHF XQ VDEOLHUª DW 9LDQ$YRLUXQERQPDOGHWrWHª LOFRQFOX




S

P ORT S

EN BREF volleyball masculin ­XQJDLQGX WLWUH

9

DLQTXDQW OH 9HUW  2U GH 6KHUEURRNH  j  GDQV OH SUHPLHU PDWFK GH OD VpULH À QDOH GHX[ GH WURLV GX 5pVHDX GX VSRUW pWXGLDQW GX 4XpEHF 56(4 YHQGUHGLVRLUDX3(36 O·pTXLSH PDVFXOLQH GX 5RXJH  2U Q·HVW SOXV TX·j XQH YLF WRLUHG·XQHWLWUHFRQVpFXWLIDX 4XpEHF/DVHFRQGHSDUWLHGHOD ÀQDOHVHWLHQGUDFHYHQGUHGLj 6KHUEURRNH 0$3

basketball féminin 9LFWRLUHV HQFRXUDJHDQWHV

/

·pTXLSH IpPLQLQH GH EDV NHWEDOO GX 5RXJH  2U D VLJQp GHX[ YLFWRLUHV OD ÀQ GH VHPDLQHGHUQLqUH$SUqVO·DYRLU HPSRUWpjIDFHDX[&LWD GLQV GH O·84$0 j 0RQWUpDO OHV /DYDOORLVHV RQW HQVXLWH Gp IDLWOHV*DLWHUVGH%LVKRS·V  GLPDQFKH DSUqVPLGL DX 3(36$YHFODÀQGHVDLVRQTXL DSSURFKH OHV GDPHV VH UHWURX YHQWSUpVHQWHPHQWHQWURLVLqPH SRVLWLRQ DYHF XQH ÀFKH GH VL[ YLFWRLUHV HW KXLW GpIDLWHV 0 $3

remparts de Québec )LQGHVHPDLQH SDUIDLWH

1RUGLTXHV1DWLRQ

'HVPHPEUHVHQWKRXVLDVWHV &DWKHULQH/LOOH &DWKHULQHOLOOH#XODYDOFD

G·XQHIUDQFKLVHGHOD/1+DDQQRQ 9LQFHQW &DXFKRQ 8Q VRQGDJH HI FpODVHPDLQHGHUQLqUHODFRQVWUXF IHFWXpSDUOHUpVHDX&%&DXSUqVGH WLRQ G·XQ QRXYHO DPSKLWKpkWUH RQ  PHPEUHV GH O·$VVRFLDWLRQ GHV 4XpEHF³/HUHWRXUG·XQHpTXLSHGHOD/LJXHQDWLRQDOHGH DSSUHQDLW TXH OD YLOOH GH 4XpEHF MRXHXUV GH OD /1+ pWDLW HIIHFWLYH KRFNH\ j 4XpEHF HVW WRXMRXUV DXVVL LQFHUWDLQ PDLV O·HQ HQYLVDJHGHFKDQJHUO·HPSODFHPHQW PHQWIDYRUDEOHDXPDUFKpGH4Xp WKRXVLDVPH GHV SDUWLVDQV QH VHPEOH SDV YRXORLU IDLEOLU LQLWLDOHPHQW SUpYX SRXU OH VLHQ j EHF6HORQFHFRXSGHVRQGH /·(;(03/$,5(V·HVWHQWUHWHQXVXUFHSKpQRPqQHDYHF-p O·DQJOHGHO·DXWRURXWH/DXUHQWLHQQH GHV MRXHXUV LQWHUURJpV SHQVHQW TXH U{PH/DQGU\SUpVLGHQWHWIRQGDWHXUGHOD1RUGLTXHV1DWLRQ HW GX ERXOHYDUG +DPHO HQ UDLVRQ 4XpEHFHVWODYLOOHFDQDGLHQQHPpUL HW9LQFHQW&DXFKRQDQLPDWHXUVSRUWLIj&+2, GHV FR€WV GH GpFRQWDPLQDWLRQ GX WDQWXQHpTXLSHGHYDQW7RURQWR  VLWHHVWLPpVj0  HW+DPLOWRQ   H  IpYULHU GHUQLHU SUqV 3KRHQL[F·HVWPRLQVSLUHPDLVV·LOV GH  SDUWLVDQV GHV 1RU YRQWDLOOHXUVFHVHUDXQFRXSGXUª &HSHQGDQWVLSRXUGHVUDLVRQV ©-·DL UHoX XQ FRXUULHO G·XQ GLTXHV RQW HQYDKL OD 3ODFH ÀQDQFLqUHV OD /1+ RSWDLW SRXU MRXHXU GH OD /1+ FHW DXWRPQHª D %DQTXH6FRWLDj2WWDZD/HDYULO 3RXU9LQFHQW&DXFKRQDQLPD 6HDWWOHSRXUDFFXHLOOLUXQHQRXYHOOH LQGLTXp -pU{PH /DQGU\ -H QH GL LOVVHURQWSUHVTXHjIDLUHSOXV WHXU VSRUWLI j &+2, OD 1RUGLTXHV pTXLSHOHVRUJDQLVDWHXUVGHOD1RU UDLSDVVRQQRPPDLVLOP·DGLWGH GHGL[KHXUHVG·DXWREXVSRXUDVVLV 1DWLRQGRLWSRXUVXLYUHVHVDFWLYLWpV GLTXHV 1DWLRQ RQW XQ SODQ % ©2Q FRQWLQXHUQRWUHWUDYDLOHWDXVVLTX·LO WHU j XQH SDUWLH GHV 5HG :LQJV GH SHX LPSRUWH FH TXL DUULYH ©,O IDXW VHJDUGHFRPPHRSWLRQG·DSSURFKHU DLPHUDLW YHQLU ÀQLU VD FDUULqUH j 'pWURLW &HWWH DQQpH WURLV DXWUHV FRQWLQXHUGHPRQWUHUjOD/1+TXH GHV MRXHXUV GH OD /1+ª D DIÀUPp 4XpEHFªDWLODMRXWp YR\DJHVRQWpWpRUJDQLVpVSDUOHIDQ 4XpEHFDXQPDUFKpSRXUOHKRFNH\ FOXE GHV 1RUGLTXHV OD 1RUGLTXHV &HTXLIDLWGRXWHUODOLJXHF·HVWOH 1DWLRQ SRXYRLUÀQDQFLHUGHODYLOOHªDWLO VRXWHQX 6HORQ OH SUpVLGHQW GH O·RUJDQL VDWLRQ -pU{PH /DQGU\ O·HQJRXH +XEHUW )UpGpULFN SDUWLFL PHQWSRXUXQHpTXLSHGHKRFNH\j SDQW j SOXVLHXUV pYpQHPHQWV GH OD 4XpEHF QH VHPEOH SDV IDLEOLU ©/H 1RUGLTXHV 1DWLRQ FURLW TXH OHV QRPEUH WRWDO GH SDUWLFLSDQWV GDQV PHPEUHV Q·DUUrWHURQW SDV GH SDUWL OHVFLQTYR\DJHVHVWSOXVpOHYpTXH FLSHU DX[ YR\DJHV RUJDQLVpV SDU OH FHOXL GH O·DQQpH SDVVpª DWLO DI IDQ FOXE ©/D SOXSDUW G·HQWUH QRXV ÀUPp VRPPHVDYDQWWRXWGHVIDQVGHKRF NH\ /RUV GHV YR\DJHV QRXV YRX 4XHVWLRQQp j VDYRLU VL FHW HQ ORQVQRXVIDLUHHQWHQGUHHWYRLUSDU WKRXVLDVPH SHUVLVWHUD GDQV O·pYHQ OHV GLULJHDQWV GH OD /1+ PDLV RQ WXDOLWp R OHV &R\RWHV GH 3KRHQL[ HVWDXVVLOjSRXUDVVLVWHUjXQHSDUWLH pTXLSH SUHVVHQWLH SRXU GpPpQDJHU GHKRFNH\ªDWLOVRXOLJQp j 4XpEHF Q·pOLVHQW ÀQDOHPHQW SDV GRPLFLOH GDQV OD FDSLWDOH -pU{PH 8QSODQ% 3KRWR*XLOODXPH6DYDUG /DQGU\ FRQVHQW TXH FH QH VHUD SDV $ORUVTXH6HDWWOHYLOOHFRQFXU /HDYULOSURFKDLQSOXVGHPHPEUHVGHOD1RUGLTXHV1DWLRQ IDFLOH ©6L OHV &R\RWHV UHVWHQW j UHQWH GH 4XpEHF GDQV O·REWHQWLRQ DVVLVWHURQWjXQHSDUWLHGHV5HG:LQJVGH'HWURLWDX0LFKLJDQ

/

7RXUQRLSURYLQFLDOGHEDGPLQWRQXQLYHUVLWDLUH

/HVKRPPHVFKDPSLRQV

/

HV5HPSDUWVGH4XpEHFRQW FRQQX XQH ÀQ GH VHPDLQH SDUIDLWH HQ UHPSRUWDQW GHX[ YLFWRLUHV SDU EODQFKLVVDJH G·DERUG VDPHGL j 0RQFWRQ SXLVGLPDQFKHj&KDUORWWHWRZQ *DJQDQWOHXUSUHPLqUHSDUWLH jFRQWUHOHV:LOGFDWVO·pTXLSH GH3DWULFN5R\DHQVXLWHGpIDLW OH 5RFNHW SDU OD PDUTXH GH  j  OH OHQGHPDLQ /HV 'LDEOHV URXJHV TXLWWHQW GRQF OHV 0D ULWLPHV DYHF TXDWUH SRLQWV VXU XQHSRVVLELOLWpGHVL[ 0$3

surf des neiges /·DUJHQWSRXU 7RXWDQW

/

H MHXQH DWKOqWH TXpEpFRLV 6pEDVWLHQ7RXWDQWDWHUPLQp HQHSRVLWLRQHQVORSHVW\OHDX[ 0RQGLDX[GHVXUIGHVQHLJHVGX FLUFXLW SURIHVVLRQQHO 775 TXL DYDLHQWOLHXGLPDQFKHGHUQLHUj 2VOR HQ 1RUYqJH 7RXWDQW TXL DYDLW JDJQp OD FRPSpWLWLRQ GH ELJ DLU DX 6QRZERDUG -DPER UHHGH4XpEHFHQQHVHUD SDV SUpVHQW SRXU GpIHQGUH VRQ WLWUHFHWWHDQQpH 0$3

L’EXEMPLAIRE, LE MERCREDI 22 FÉVRIER 2012

&ODXGLD)RUWLHU FODXGLDIRUWLHU#XOYDOFD

GHPDWFKPDLVQRXVDYLRQVIDLWXQ pTXLSHGHV&DUDELQV SHXWURSG·HUUHXUV1RWUHHQWUDvQHXU QRXVDHQVXLWHGLWTXRLIDLUHSRXUJD 'DQV OD GpIDLWH OD /DYDOORLVH &LWp XQLYHUVLWDLUH ³ /·pTXLSH PDVFXOLQH GH EDGPLQWRQ GH JQHUHWQRXVDYRQVELHQpFRXWpVHV $QLWWD6LDQRWKDLpWDLWWRXWGHPrPH O·8QLYHUVLWp/DYDODUHPSRUWpOH&KDPSLRQQDWSURYLQFLDOHQ FRQVLJQHVªDVLJQLÀp0DULQ ÀqUHGHVRQpTXLSH©&KDTXHÀOOHD WULRPSKDQW GHV &LWDGLQV GH O·8QLYHUVLWp GX 4XpEHF j 0RQ YUDLPHQW MRXp VRQ PHLOOHXU PDWFK WUpDOVDPHGLGHUQLHUDX3(36/·pTXLSHIpPLQLQHODYDOORLVH /·HQWUDvQHXUFKHI GX 5RXJH HW DXMRXUG·KXL VXUWRXW $QGUpDQQH DTXDQWjHOOHEDLVVpSDYLOORQHQÀQDOH 2U eWLHQQH &RXWXUH pWDLW YLVLEOH >%RLOHDX7KLEDXOW@ /·8QLYHUVLWp PHQW VDWLVIDLW GHV UpVXOWDWV GH VRQ GH 0RQWUpDO UHSUpVHQWDLW XQ EHDX pWDLWXQGHX[LqPHFKDP 0DOJUp OHV GpIDLWHV WRXW DXVVL pTXLSH ©/H GRXEOH PDVFXOLQ j OD GpÀSRXUQRXVSDUFHTXHF·HVWXQH SLRQQDW SURYLQFLDO HQ FKDXGHPHQW GLVSXWpHV HQ VLPSOH ÀQ D WUqV ELHQ IDLW DORUV TXH QRXV WUqVERQQHpTXLSHHWWRXWOHPRQGHD GHX[DQVHWXQWURLVLqPH GHV /DYDOORLV )UpGpULF ,QWKDYDQK Q·DYLRQVSDVHQFRUHEDWWXOHGRXEOH ELHQIDLWªDWHOOHVRXOLJQp HQTXDWUHDQVSRXUOHVDWKOqWHVXQL     HW $XGULF GHO·84$0FHWWHVDLVRQ1RVGHX[ YHUVLWDLUHVGX5RXJHHW2U,OVVRQW +DUWPDQQ.DUVHQWL    UHFUXHV RQW SURÀWp GH O·RFFDVLRQ eWLHQQH&RXWXUHDERQGDLWGDQV SDUYHQXVjDUUDFKHUODYLFWRLUHDX[ 0LFKDHO &RDWHV D UHPLV OH 5 2 SRXU VH GpPDUTXHU -H VXLV YUDL OH PrPH VHQV ©/HV ÀOOHV MRXDLHQW &LWDGLQV GH O·84$0 DYHF WURLV GDQVODFRXUVHHQGRPLQDQWVRQDG PHQW FRQWHQW SRXU 0D[LPH HW 2OL FRQWUH OHV &DUDELQV XQH pTXLSH YLFWRLUHV HW GHX[ GpIDLWHV VXU XQH YHUVDLUHHW YLHUPDLVDXVVLSRXUWRXWHO·pTXLSH G·pWRLOHV HW HOOHV VH VRQW ELHQ EDW SRVVLELOLWpGHFLQTHQÀQDOHVDSUqV TXL D ELHQ MRXp DXMRXUG·KXLª DWLO WXHV -H VXLV ÀHU G·HOOHV PDOJUp OD XQH FKDXGH OXWWH GDQV FKDFXQ GHV &·HVW ÀQDOHPHQW OH GXR GH UH VRXWHQX GHX[LqPHSODFHªDWLOFRQFOX PDWFKVSUpVHQWpV FUXHV IRUPp SDU 0D[LPH 0DULQ HW 2OLYLHU7UXGHDX%UDXOWTXLDGRQQp /HVIHPPHVIRQWERQQHÀJXUH 3OXV W{W GDQV OD MRXUQpH OHV /HGRXEOHGRPLQDQW OD YLFWRLUH j /DYDO HQ UHPSRUWDQW 0DOJUp GH EHOOHV YLFWRLUHV GH GHX[ pTXLSHV GH O·8/ DYDLHQW DL /D SDLUH GH %HQMDPLQ )OHXU\ OHXUSDUWLHHQWURLVPDQFKHV  O·pTXLSHODYDOORLVHQRWDPPHQWFHOOH VpPHQW YDLQFX OHXUV DGYHUVDLUHV /DURFTXH HW$UQDXG /HERHXI DYDLW   G·$QGUpDQQH %RLOHDX7KLEDXOW VXU ORUV GHV GHPLÀQDOHV /HV IHPPHV G·DERUGGRQQpOHVGHYDQWVDX[/D ODIDYRULWH.DULQH'pUDJRQ-HDQHQ DYDLHQWHXOHGHVVXVSDUFRQWUH YDOORLVHQUHPSRUWDQWGHX[PDQFKHV ©0rPH DSUqV DYRLU SHUGX OD WURLVPDQFKHVGHHW O·84$0 HW OHV KRPPHV DYDLHQW VHUUpHVGHHWVXUOHGXR SUHPLqUH PDQFKH QRXV VDYLRQV O·pTXLSHIpPLQLQHGX5 2V·HVW DQpDQWL O·8QLYHUVLWp GH 6KHUEURRNH PRQWUpDODLV TXH QRXV DYLRQV ELHQ VXLYL OH SODQ DYRXpH YDLQFXH FRQWUH OD SXLVVDQWH DYHFXQHPDUTXHSDUIDLWHGH


L'Exemplaire Vol. XX No.15