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establishment of archives fixing possession and the law. For the first time in this oldest Egyptian empire, there was thus established a continuous conscious order which was not constantly obliterated or corrupted by invasions of the unconscious. Osiris, however, was still not included; for the more rigid and continuous, firm and systematic consciousness becomes, the more the other aspects of the psyche, the irrational aspects, are relegated and fall into the unconscious. The irrational element which was excluded became more differentiated in time. It became possible to distinguish another trinity in relationship to the first (see diagram on p. 190). Osiris, the suffering king and god-man, was, according to the legend, a good king and a great musician and artist, but he was brutally murdered by his enemy, Seth. One could see Seth as the aspect of evil which has been excluded from the conscious order. The color red is attributed to Seth, and in the Egyptian language “doing red things” means doing evil. Seth stood for emotionality, for murder and brutality. Osiris was represented by the black or green color. “To do green things” meant to act according to Osiris. In superficial books on the Egyptian religion, Osiris is characterized as a vegetation god. This is seen too simply, although he was associated with vegetation, with the wheat growing in the spring or after the Nile floods. But in his deeper meaning he is the symbol of greenness in the form of resurrection. As Jacobsohn has beautifully worked out, he is associated with vegetation because he represents the passive plant life, that living and irrational element which does nothing evil and, on the other hand, is the great sufferer from the beginning of the world. Every animal, every louse, every ant eats up the vegetation, and it silently grows again. Osiris is this life principle, this evergreen life in the human psyche—that which continues to live after innumerable deaths. Seth was really evil, and that is why I have put Seth at the bottom of the lower triad, for he disrupted the civilized behavior of the Egyptians. Seth is the great counter-player, the darkest point in the lower principle against the upper trinity.

Profile for Lewis Lafontaine

Marie Louise Von Franz - The Golden Ass of Alpulius  

Marie Louise Von Franz - The Golden Ass of Alpulius  

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