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The dream shows that the shadow can consist of the most diverse elements, for example, unconscious ambition (the bloodless successful man) or introversion (the Frenchman). In connection with the Frenchman, the dreamer had the particular association that the French know what they’re doing in matters of love. Thus the two figures in dreams represent two well-known instincts: the will to power and sexuality. The power drive appears here in a double form, as the official and as the successful man. The official embodies more the collective adaptation aspect, whereas the successful man more represents ambition. As soon as the dreamer gets rid of these dangerous inner qualities, the Frenchman becomes benevolent, that is, the dangerous element of the sexual impulses also falls into place. It is clear that the shadow problem plays a major role in political factionalism. If the dreamer of the last-cited dream had not had an understanding of psychology, he might easily have identified the desperado with “those evil Communists” or the official or the successful man with “those evil Capitalists.” Then he would no longer have had to seek the fault within himself! When a person sees his unconscious tendencies in other people, this is called a projection.14 The malicious political propaganda of all countries, like backstairs gossip among individuals, is swarming with such projections, which obscure all chance of an objective view of other people and obstructs the possibility of genuine human relationship. Whether the shadow becomes a friend or a foe depends on ourselves. As the dreams of the unknown cellar and the Frenchman show, the shadow is not always an inner enemy. Rather, just like any external person around us, it is a being with whom we must come to terms through—depending on the case— acknowledgment, resistance, or love. It only becomes hostile when it is treated entirely without understanding or is ignored. Sometimes, though not often, a person feels compelled to act out his worst side and repress his better ego. When this happens the shadow appears in dreams as a positive figure. This can be observed in the dreams of criminals, who dream unusually often about figures of light who do good for humanity and even of savior figures. In such cases, the positive aspect of the personality is repressed. This state of affairs, however, is also found in connection with particular elements in ordinary people. They repress some character trait that is positive in itself because it does not fit in with the image they have of themselves or because it is difficult to reconcile with other

Profile for Lewis Lafontaine

Marie - Louise Von Franz - Archetypal Dimensions of the Psyche -  

Marie - Louise Von Franz - Archetypal Dimensions of the Psyche -  

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