13. 14. 15. 16.
the mare). Although they did arise out of the experience of dreams and related ecstatic states, they did not derive their influence from the overwhelming force of some particular effect . . . but rather their power of persuasion flowed from the experience of a remote connection between dreams and events later coming about in fact.” Cf. M. Ninck, Wodan und germanischer Schicksalsglaube (Wodan and Germanic Beliefs about Fate) (Jena, 1935), p. 199. Ibid., pp. 251–53: “The curious affinity of Athene and the valkyries has already occasionally been pointed out. . . . What we are dealing with here is the double-sided inheritance of a common past. . . . Here the names correspond even down to individuals, for example, Promachos to the valkyries Mild and Gund, Ageleia (“Booty Capturer”) to Horya (“Army Woman”), Goj (“Noisemaker”) to Hlokk (“Weapon-Clashing Warrior Woman”). Athene is depicted on ancient monuments in a manner resembling a Gaironul (“Spear Charger”). She is Harrier (Laossoos) and at the same time Nike (Victory), as is Sigdrifa (“she who charges to victory”). She . . . alone knows the way into the chamber where the thunderbolt (of Zeus) lies. . . . Athene, the unfathomable, the well-versed in wisdom, the clairvoyant (pronoia), is the destiny that hangs over the hero. . . . As the voice of Nemesis, she intrudes into the life of the individual hero; as a mediator, she stands between him and the parcae; as the radiant Nike, she is the fulfillment of the warrior’s existence.” Ibid., p. 237. Cf. Berefeldt, Study on the Winged Angel, p. 39. Das Märchen und das Opfer (Fairy Tales and Sacrifice) (Bonn: Bouvier, 1967), pp. 15, 24ff. Cf. K. Kerényi, The Gods of the Greeks (Baltimore; Penguin Books, 1958), p. 30; and M. Ninck, Die Bedeutung des Wassers in Kult und Leben der Alten (The Meaning of Water in the Worship and Life of the Ancients) (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1960), pp. 37ff. and passim. Cf. H. Gressmann, Die Lade Jahwehs und das Allerheiligste des salomonischen Tempels (The Ark of Yahweh and the Holy of Holies in Solomon’s Temple) (1920): “When the Ark was taken into battle, Moses said, ‘Rise up, Lord, and let thine enemies be scattered; and let them that