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off the horn of aggression within us—even though it is part of the self—turn its receptive feminine side up and use it to draw up from the collective unconscious that very thing that is thrusting toward the light. In this way we can reduce the perilous pressure of the “water under the earth” from which wars seem to arise. So instead of waiting like a herd of sheep huddling together from fear until some unauthorized figure presses the atomic button, we can actually do something. And the creative element that we must bring up to the surface is, if Jung’s schema is correct, comprised of everything that leads, not to a further dissolution into the mass (serpens), but to the lapis, a symbol of the free, mature, and responsible individual.

Notes 1. Truth and Method (New York: Seabury, 1975). 2. Aion, CW 9/ii. 3. J. Hohmann, in Friede, Wirkungsgeschichte und kollektives Unbewusstes (Peace, Effective History, and the Collective Unconscious) (Frankfurt: Europäische Hochschulschriften, 1984), has pointed out that Gadamer’s effective history corresponds to the Jungian concept of the collective unconscious. 4. Bhagavadgita, tr. L. von Schroeder (Eugen Diederichs Verlag), eleventh song. There are several English-language editions available. 5. H. Usener, Götternamen (Names of Gods) (Frankfurt, 1948). 6. For a picture, see M.-L. von Franz, Zeit: Strömen und Stille (Time: Flowing and Stillness) (Frankfurt: Insel Verlag, 1981), p. 90. 7. For more detail, cf. M.-L. von Franz, Number and Time (Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1968). 8. A Baudrillart, Les divinités de la victoire d’après les textes et monuments figurés (Victory Deities on the Basis of Texts and Illustrated Monuments) (Paris, 1874). A Nike excavated in Delphi even had six wings, i.e., two additional pairs on the arms and feet. 9. G. Berefeldt, A Study on the Winged Angel (Uppsala, 1968), pp. 60ff. 10. Cf. M. Ninck, Götter und Jenseitsglauben der Germanen (The Germanic Tribes’ Gods and Belief in a Beyond) (Jena, 1937), p. 30: “The fylgias and the accompanying spirits originated in a different way (from

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Marie - Louise Von Franz - Archetypal Dimensions of the Psyche -  

Marie - Louise Von Franz - Archetypal Dimensions of the Psyche -