with the fact that what we are dealing with here is a representation of a collective pattern, whereas any resolution going beyond that would only be possible in the individuation process of an individual human being. Nonetheless, such a tale can serve as a path-blazing symbol, which can shed some light for individuals on their quests.
4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
On the position of psychology within the sciences, see C. G. Jung, “Analytical Psychology and Education,” in The Development of Personality, CW 17, paras. 163–64, pp. 88f. Cf. particularly C. G. Jung and K. Kerényi, “The Psychology of the Child Archetype” and “The Psychological Aspects of the Kore,” in CW 9/i, pp. 151–206; and the practical examples of Jung’s fairy-tale interpretation in “The Phenomenology of the Spirit in Fairytales,” ibid., pp. 207–54; as well as the rest of Jung’s works, passim. This does not hold true for the local saga. Max Lüthi, in his outstanding study Das europäische Volksmärchen (The European Folk Tale) (Berne, 1947), showed that the hero of the local saga appears as a real person in our sense of the word, who encounters events from another transcendent dimension; by contrast the hero of the fairy tale is not a person in this sense, but rather is himself part of the transcendent realm. I refer the reader for details to Lüthi’s presentation. The hero of the myth is not considered by Lüthi, but he seems to me to occupy a middle ground. He is less human than the vehicle of the action in the local saga, but is less abstract and somewhat more individual than the fairy-tale hero. Individual uniqueness is part of the ego; cf. C. G. Jung, Aion, CW 9/ii, para. 10, p. 6. Ibid., p. 21; the fairy-tale hero lacks, as Lüthi says, the “depth quality” and the actual human world of feelings. Cf. ibid., pp. 29, 37–39, 48, passim. Because of the compensatory function of the unconscious; see C. G. Jung, CW 8, para. 545. On this see C. G. Jung, ibid., and Jung, Seminar über Kinderträume (Olten: Walter, 1987), pp. 18ff. There the following roots of dreams are mentioned: (1) conscious contents; and (2) constellated contents of the