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On the other side, the black poodle in Faust embodies the devil, and the dog is also regarded as a witch’s creature. These are survivals of the hellhound Cerberus. The hell of the Germanic peoples was also guarded by the dog Garm, just as for many other peoples of the earth the entrance to the beyond is protected by dogs. In Christian times, a dog accompanied St. Rochus on his pilgrimage, and thus this saint remains today the patron of dogs. According to other versions, this role belongs to St. Hubert, who cured rabies. In old icons, even St. Christopher sometimes has a dog’s head. The next animal to join our concert band is a cat, concerning whom the donkey makes the remark that she is especially expert at serenades. With the female cat, the world of feminine deities enters the circle of the musicians. According to the ancient Germanic peoples, cats drew the chariot of the goddess Freyja.25 In Egypt, the cat goddess Bast or Bastet was highly venerated. A holiday of joyful abandon, sexual license, and musical festivities for the people was dedicated to her. She was in part identical with Isis, as well as with the gentle manifestation of the lion goddesses Sekhmet and Tefnut.26 In Egypt a tomcat helps the sun god Re in the underworld against the sinister serpent Apep.27 The eyes of the cat were often likened to the moon.28 Thus later in Greece, the Egyptian Bastet was equated with the goddess of the moon and the hunt, Artemis. The female cat was considered extraordinarily hard to kill; “she goes on and on,” as an old Egyptian inscription says. We also say she has seven or nine lives. In other mythological contexts, the female cat is considered a seer.29 The Egyptian name Mau means both “female cat” and “to see.” Her body is used in many magical preparations to heal the eyes. Thus the goddess of truth was also called Bastet. She also had all kinds of healing effects against snake venom and other poisons, as well as against blindness. She was the great huntress who could even slay the devil’s mouse. Because of her avid addiction to grooming, she also was considered a symbol of purity. She was capable of discovering and driving away anything evil, which is why, in China, cat talismans were made for the protection of houses. In her dark form, she was an animal of the devil, of witches, and of black magic. Especially black cats play this role, as is well known. And not least, she was also a musician; Isis’ sistrum was associated with her. In Christian times in Aix-en-Provence on the festival of Corpus Christi, a cat was ceremonially burned as an analogy for Christ. It was thought that at the time

Profile for Lewis Lafontaine

Marie - Louise Von Franz - Archetypal Dimensions of the Psyche -  

Marie - Louise Von Franz - Archetypal Dimensions of the Psyche -  

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