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PROVIDING STRUCTURE TO THE WORLD

that Mrs. Copperfield and Marmee in Little Women are elevated as paragons of virtue, while Mother in Sons and Desire: protect people Lovers, Mrs. Bennet of Pride and Prejfrom harm udice, and the comical Mrs. Portnoy are Goal: to help others all treated harshly by their creators. Fear: selfishness, ingratiBruno Bettelheim describes how in tude children’s legends and fairy tales, the Strategy: do things for maternal figure is often split into two others opposites: the entirely wicked witch or Trap: martyrdom of self, stepmother and the perfectly pure entrapment of others good witch or fairy godmother. It is Gift: compassion, generdifficult, it would seem, for us to inteosity grate the complexity of the Caregiver into a coherent whole. In prehistoric times, people carved little figurines of mother goddesses who, then as now, must have been revered for the power to give birth as well as the capacity to support life through providing food, comfort, and nurturance. Throughout history, the Caregiver as an archetype has been associated with both maternal and paternal feelings of protectiveness toward children and the attendant willingness to do what is necessary to take care of them, even if doing so requires considerable sacrifice—but also, with the darker fears of exerting excessive power and of being controlled. The Caregiver

The Caregiver also may be known as the caretaker, altruist, saint, parent, helper, or supporter. One classic Greek myth evoking both the loving and the destructive power of the Caregiver—a myth that formed the basis for a religious cult that lasted thousands of years—recounts the great love of the grain goddess Demeter for her daughter Kore. When Hades, the lord of the underworld, abducts Kore, Demeter is so distraught that she wanders the world over, searching for her daughter and unable to sleep or eat. When she discovers what has happened to Kore, she refuses to allow any of the crops to grow, threatening humankind with massive starvation, which is alleviated only when

Profile for Lewis Lafontaine

Mack, Margaret - Hero and Outlaw Archetype  

Mack, Margaret - Hero and Outlaw Archetype  

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