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campus • community • CULTURE September/October 2012
vol. 5, no. 1
Delivering the bear truth
OJibwe Musician “Looking For Trouble”
Deejay NDN requests Ottawa sports club to drop racist name Crystel Hajjar Ottawa-based Ojibwe musician Ian Campeau is pressuring the Nepean Redskins, an amateur football club based in Nepean, Ontario, to change its name, based on the racist origins and offensive nature of the term “Redskins.” “In every single dictionary definition,” said Campeau, “[Redskins] is defined as offensive, so it is inappropriate to name a youth football team a word that by dictionary definition is offensive.” According to the Oxford Dictionary, “redskin” is defined as “dated or offensive: an American Indian.” While the historical origins of the term are widely disputed, its ongoing application is a racial slur used to devalue Indigenous people. “Having an institution like this called the Nepean Redskins, to me, is socially acceptable mainstream racial oppression, there is no other race that is used like this,” said Campeau. “It is absolutely describing a race and it is using a very derogatory term for it.” The club, previously known as the Barrhaven
Buccaneers, changed its name to Nepean Redskins in 1981. Campeau, a performer with the group A Tribe Called Red and also known as DeeJay NDN, learned about the club’s existence last year, and has since been campaigning to raise awareness on this issue. Campeau maintains that the problem is with the team name and not with playing football. “Just because it is 30 years old doesn’t mean it is appropriate,” he said. “We don’t want the kids to stop playing football. We just don’t want them to play under a racist moniker.” Despite Campeau’s efforts to publicly address the issue through social and traditional media, and despite his attempts to contact politicians and the club’s administration, he has yet to receive any direct response from the club’s representatives. However, in an interview with the Aboriginal Peoples Television Network’s Jorge Barrera, Team President Steve Dean indicated that the organization is going to discuss the name change with parents. He added that such changes could cost the team, mostly run by volun-
Deejay NDN at Electric Pow Wow at Babylon Nightclub Aug. 22, 2011
teers, up to $125,000. “I still haven’t had a response from anyone on the team to be honest,” said Campeau. “And that [Barrera’s interview] was the very first time that any media person got a hold of Steve Dean.” In an email response that Campeau posted on Facebook, Nepean City Councillor Jan Harder wrote, “The Nepean Redskin football name is some 40 years old or more, and in the entire time I have been in Nepean until the last year or so, there has never been any talk of name change.”
“You are looking for trouble where none exists,” she wrote. Campeau’s supporters disagree with this response, and his cause has received some endorsement from the public. A Facebook group he started has reached over 1,100 members. “The response has been tremendous. It is just fantastic. And all the people that aren’t supportive of the name change, all it will take is a five minute discussion,” said Campeau. “It’s just going to take time before people realize what the problem is.” Leanne Betasamosake
Photo: Pat Bolduc
Simpson, a scholar and storyteller of Michi Saagiig Nishnaabeg ancestry and a member of Alderville First Nation, sent an open letter on Aug. 27 to the Nepean Redskins and to the National Capital Amateur Football Association. She writes, “The Nepean Redskins are located in Algonquin territory, and you have a responsibility to live there in a respectable way.” Campeau is awaiting the response from meetings on Sept. 25 and 26, where the team will be discussing the name change.
Students group to ‘decolonize’ campus ARISE campaign fights for post-secondary Indigenous perspectives
Samantha Ponting This year’s orientation week at the University of Ottawa featured a few activities that went against the grain of debauchery commonly found on campuses across the country in early September. On Sept. 4, Phillip “Rohetiio” White-Cree of the Mohawk Nation of Akwesasne and Sahra MacLean of the Métis Nation spoke to a room of students during an event entitled Indigenous Post-Secondary Perspectives: An Alt 101 Decolonization Workshop and Traditional Meal. In the spirit of traditional Mohawk culture, a meal of corn soup, frybread, and strawberry drink satisfied the bellies of approximately 40 attendees. “It is extremely important to organize in our local context, here on unceded Algonquin territory,” says Nicole Desnoyers, a Métis
student and a campaigns organizer of the Student Federation of the University of Ottawa (SFUO). The event, organized by the Campaigns Department of the SFUO, the Ontario Public Interest Research Group (OPIRG), and the Indigenous and Canadian Studies Students’ Association, sought to inform both first-year and returning students of their collective responsibilities towards Indigenous peoples, according to Desnoyers. She says the panel discussion aimed to educate students on the diversity of Indigenous identities and the meaning of treaty relationships. MacLean, a Métis woman from Alberta and current Chair of the National Aboriginal Caucus of the Canadian Federation of Students, discussed the many barriers to education Indigenous students face across the country.
According to MacLean, the federal government’s Post-Secondary Student Support Program (PSSSP), which provides financial support to Indigenous students, is fraught with problems. Only “Status Indians,” which include those Métis, Inuit, and First Nations registered by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) under the Indian Act, are eligible for tuition support. This neglects Non-Status students unable to obtain a Certificate of Indian Status because they cannot access the required information demanded of them by the status application process. This is a familiar story, for example, for many Indigenous children put in foster care or adopted out under the child welfare system. Thus, the number of Indigenous students able to access financial support for education is limited. “When we are talking
about numbers, it is important to reflect on who has control of those numbers. If we are estimating those numbers based on students with Status cards, we are working within the structures of colonialism that dictate who is ‘allowed’ to be Indigenous or not,” says Desnoyers. MacLean spoke about other funding discrepancies within the PSSSP. While tuition goes up an average of five percent per year in Ontario for domestic students, federal funding increases for the PSSSP have been capped at two percent per year. This has led to a significant gap in funding for Indigenous students. The panel’s second speaker, Phillip “Rohetiio” WhiteCree, spoke on the history and usage of the Two-Row Wampum Belt. He provided the audience with a compelling history lesson on treaties signed between First Nations and Dutch settlers.
The event was held as part of a broader campaign recently launched on campus called ARISE, which stands for Anti-violence, Recognition, Indigenization, Solidarity and Education to all. The campaign is an exciting new initiative organized by a variety of campus partners, including the Indigenous Students’ Association, the SFUO, and the Graduate Students’ Association (GSAED). According to Desnoyers, “It is our responsibility to learn the factual history of this land, of the vicious realities of colonialism, and to address the barriers on our campus as well as work towards healing.” The campaign seeks to facilitate this process. “The University of Ottawa largely ignores Indigenous students and their needs,” she says. “This campaign has been a long time coming, and is a necesContinued on page 3
FEATURE Pam Palmater
PAGE 3 Up the River, with a paddle Page 5 Haitian Power PAGE 7 LES SANSCulottes Page 10 Droning on Page 11 Red Squares Page 12 Dirty Academic Money Page 13 Hail the Grolar Bear! Page 14 Original TV Page 15 Talking about Kevin
Lev • el• ler noun 1 Historical: During the English Civil War (c. 1649), one who favoured the abolition of all rank and privilege. Originally an insult, but later embraced by radical anti-Royalists. 2 One who tells the truth, as in “I’m going to level with you.” 3 An instrument that knocks down things that are standing up or digs up things that are buried or hidden. The Leveller is a publication covering campus and off-campus news, current events, and culture in Ottawa and elsewhere. It is intended to provide readers with a lively portrait of their university and community and of the events that give it meaning. It is also intended to be a forum for provocative editorializing and lively debate on issues of concern to students, staff, and faculty as well as Ottawa residents.
I’m a Leveller!
The Leveller leans left, meaning that it challenges power and privilege and sides with people over private property. It is also democratic, meaning that it favours open discussion over silencing and secrecy. Within these very general boundaries, The Leveller is primarily interested in being interesting, in saying something worth saying and worth reading about. It doesn’t mind getting a few things wrong if it gets that part right. The Leveller has a very small staff, and is mainly the work of a small group of volunteers. To become a more permanent enterprise and a more truly democratic and representative paper, it will require more volunteers to write, edit, and produce it, to take pictures, and to dig up stories. The Leveller needs you. It needs you to read it, talk about it, discuss it with your friends, agree with it, disagree with it, write a letter, write a story (or send in a story idea), join in the producing of it, or just denounce it. Ultimately it needs you—or someone like you—to edit it, to guide it towards maturity, to give it financial security and someplace warm and safe to live.
The Leveller is an ambitious little rag. It wants to be simultaneously irreverent and important, to demand responsibility from others while it shakes it off itself, to be a fun-house mirror we can laugh at ourselves in and a map we can use to find ourselves and our city. It wants to be your coolest, most in-the-know friend and your social conscience at the same time. It has its work cut out for it. The Leveller is published every month or so. It is free. The Leveller and its editors have no phone or office, but can be contacted with letters of love or hate at
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The Leveller acknowledges that Ottawa is on unceded Algonquin territory.
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2 The Leveller vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012
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Continued from page 1
sity to create accountability between non-Indigenous structures and Indigenous nations.” As outlined in the campaign structure developed by ARISE, the project seeks “to end the physical, verbal, lateral and institutional violence targeted against Indigenous people at the University of Ottawa.” According to William Leonard Felepchuk, coordinator of university affairs for the Indigenous and Canadian Studies Students’ Association, the association has received reports of racism on campus. “There have been incidents of Indigenous students experiencing extremely racist language from professors, being verbally attacked by professors. There’s been a pattern of callous treatment of Indigenous students and a lack of understanding of the challenges they face on the part of the administration and individual administrators,” he told the Leveller. In addition to challenging racism, the ARISE campaign calls for the “Indi-
Photo: Matt Staroste - Curteousy of SFUO
genization of academia at the University of Ottawa: more Indigenous studies taught by Indigenous instructors, including programs in Indigenous languages.” There is an undergraduate Aboriginal Studies program at University of Ottawa, and there are a variety of courses offered by the university related to Aboriginal culture within a variety of disciplines. However, many of the professors in the program are not themselves Indigenous. This raises questions
about just who is producing knowledge on Aboriginal issues in the academic community. It affects how the experiences of Indigenous peoples are represented in the classroom. Currently, the University of Ottawa offers one language instruction course, through the Department of Linguistics, in Indigenous language. The language taught varies from year to year, but has recently centred on Cree. Across disciplines, courses are taught in French and English, but none are offered in Indig-
enous languages. Desnoyers says that she has slowly begun the process of reclaiming her own Indigenous history. For her, exposing the failures of Canada’s education system means unearthing the history of colonialism in Canada. “Four centuries of colonialism have left us with a post-secondary education system that silences the histories of Indigenous people in Canada. Students do not have access to their own stories, the teachings of their nations or the true history of colonialism.”
KI Nation Paddles 300 miles to Protect their Wild Watershed Jessica Bell A team of paddlers from the Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug (KI) Indigenous Nation have canoed along their ancient trading river route from their remote fly-in community to Hudson’s Bay to protect their watershed from unwanted mining. The trip began on Aug. 24 and concluded on Sept. 8. The KI Nation is calling on Ontario to respect their deep connection to the wild Fawn River watershed, a foundation of their culture and the threatened heart of the world’s largest intact forest. Richard Anderson, KI’s watershed community worker, said the trip is about more than just following a trading route that his ancestors used to travel every year. “The trip is for awareness that we are protecting our watersheds for future generations,” Anderson said. “The Elders have taught us that our water is very important for us up here, and we should keep it that way.” Anderson has done the journey from KI to Fort Severn 11 times, and he still marvels at the efforts of his ancestors who used to do the trip there and back laden with supplies. Through resistance, KI and their supporters have stopped mining companies Platinex and God’s Lake Resources from exploring on their land. The com-
munity has also successfully pressured the Ontario government to withdraw approximately half of their watershed from all mining activity. But the fight isn’t over yet. Ontario has yet to recognize KI’s right to protect their entire watershed of 13,025 square kilometers and to control their homeland. The rest of the community’s watershed remains open to speculation by gold, diamond, and metals miners seeking to capitalize on Ontario’s mining boom. The boreal forest and wetlands of KI homeland are part of the world’s largest carbon storehouse on land – a critical buffer against runaway climate change. The boreal is also the world’s greatest reservoir of fresh water and is among the largest unlogged forests left on the planet. Some of the greatest wild rivers in the world flow through territories of Indigenous nations in Ontario’s far north, each running free for many hundreds of kilometers without any dams or diversions. Their clean source waters are filtered by the mossy forest and wetlands of extensive pristine watersheds. This is a land we must protect. Concerned readers are urged to contact their legislative assembly members and demand that the Ontario government respects KI’s right to govern their territory and protect their land and water from unwanted mining.
“The Elders have taught us that our water is very important for us up here, and we should keep it that way.”
Members of KI Indigenous First Nation
Indian Act gets dragged across the country
Students rally in support of Ontario teachers
On Sept. 4, University of Manitoba graduate student Leo Baskatawang arrived in Ottawa after over four months of marching across the country in protest of the federal government’s lack of timely and effective action on Indigenous rights issues. His march, which began in Vancouver on April 23, was joined by other activists en route, and concluded with a rally on Parliament Hill. During the walk, Baskatawang chained a copy of the Indian Act to his body, which he describes as “a notoriously relic piece of federal legislation that has subjugated Aboriginal peoples to archaic colonial policy.” The walk symbolizes the erosion of the Indian Act by dragging it across the country.
Hundreds of high school students in Kawartha Lakes walked out of classes on Sept. 13 in support of teachers protesting changes encompassed in a controversial bill passed earlier in the week. Bill 115, called the “Putting Students First Act” by Premier Dalton McGuinty, freezes wages, cuts sick days, and bans strikes. Unions representing Ontario teachers call it “draconian,” and have responded by urging their members to suspend their involvement in voluntary activities, such as afterhours sports, clubs, and fundraisers. The high school students of Kawartha Lakes are concerned about losing their extra-curricular activities but recognize the threats to teachers’ rights the legislation represents. Student Brendan Bennett participated in the walk-out to “show the teachers that we care about them and want their rights back. It’s not fair for the teachers.”
Univeristy of Ottawa students Take Back the Night Several hundred University of Ottawa students gathered on Sept. 3 to Take Back the Night, in a march organized by the Student Federation of the University of Ottawa, in collaboration with the Ontario Public Interest Research Group (OPIRG). The event was organized as part of the campus’ orientation week. The annual event seeks raise awareness on gender violence and empower women to comfortably reclaim space.
Community members rally for a safe injection site On Aug. 31, Ottawa community members gathered at the Human Rights Monument to commemorate International Overdose Awareness Day. The event, organized by the Campaign for Safer Consumption Sites in Ottawa, emphasized the importance of having a supervised safe injection site in Ottawa as a strategy to reduce the transmission of diseases and infections, especially HIV/AIDS, and to prevent drug-related deaths. A study conducted by the University of Toronto and St. Michael’s Hospital recommended the establishment of a safe injection site in Ottawa. The idea was rejected by Ottawa’s Mayor Jim Watson, as well as the chief of police, who both affirm that the resources would be better invested in drug rehabilitation programs.
AIDS Walk On the brisk evening of Sept. 15, the 2012 AIDS Walk for Life Ottawa hit the streets in its 22nd annual candlelit walk to raise funds for local organizations that provide HIV/AIDS related community services. The event has drawn in more than 10,000 walkers, and has raised over one million dollars since its first year in 1989. Bruce House, the event’s lead organizer and one of its beneficiaries, uses the funds raised to improve caregiving capabilities at the organization’s transition house, and to support independent living for clients. Seven community organizations, including Planned Parenthood Ottawa and the AIDS Committee of Ottawa, participated in the event.
Photo: Luke Sainawap
Photo: Allan Lissner
vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012 The Leveller 3
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Rethinking Power in Jacmel Erin Seatter JACMEL, HAITI—A program to prevent violence against women and HIV is generating change not only in the community participants, but in the facilitators as well. “Let me use myself as an example,” says Marie Denise Casséus, an organizer with Rethinking Power, when asked about changes she’s seen as a result of the program. “I’ve experienced two big changes. First, I have the capacity to speak with people and share ideas. And second, I have the ability to truly listen, suspend judgment, and be tolerant of others’ ideas.” For others, the change involves recognizing power they may not have realized they had. A recent “exercise on male privilege evoked a big reaction from the staff,” explains Petit-Frère ChristRoy, also an organizer with the program. Haitian organization Limyè Lavi has adapted Rethinking Power from a violence prevention program first pioneered in Uganda called SASA! It is premised on the idea that when individuals analyze power and its ramifications, and are motivated to end violence, they can shift power imbalances in the community. About 30 community activists—including a substantial number of men—have been training for over a year to become anti-violence leaders in their communities. When they meet, they discuss
power and the reality of violence. They come with a lot of questions, which they examine together; the program facilitators don’t give them the answers. “This is the difference from other organizations,” says Casséus. “This is what draws people.” “The program creates exchanges on what to do to discover solutions together. Telling people what to do doesn’t work.” As their understandings of violence change, community activists begin to see how domination affects children, families, neighbours, the community. For example, says Casséus, if a husband beats his wife with a stick, he misuses energy in finding the stick and then using it. Afterwards, his wife needs to go to the hospital, which requires time and money. When children live in an environment like this, they can’t perform at school; they experience trauma and delinquency, act out on their peers, and become a larger danger for the community. By analyzing violence together, and sharing their own experiences, community activists “see the impact and the use of resources and ask what to do.” What the community activists do is engage others in conversations about violence. Each person has a network and role in the community, says Christ-Roy. Or, as Casséus puts it, each has a circle of influence, extending to family, friends, community, and
SASA! comic in Kreyol
Photo: Erin Seatter
society. Community activists commit to two hours of work per week in their community, and they decide what form it will take. They can organize more formal gatherings, or they can chat with people they would see anyway, at the market, at school, at a friend’s home. None of their time is paid—“their first motivation is to end violence,” says Casséus. They use visual materials
provided through the program, such as posters or comics, to initiate conversations. One small comic shows a group of people aboard a tap tap (share taxi) who pass an HIV clinic and notice there are more women than men there. They talk about why that may be—is it because women have so many sexual partners? Or is it because women have less power, for example, to say no to sex
and to use condoms? The comic ends with a man asking if the point is that women should have all the power, to which the other passengers respond that power needs to be shared. Idealistic as the comic sounds, it’s not too far from what is actually happening as a result of Rethinking Power. Some women have been able to express for the first time the impact of their husbands’ be-
haviour on them. By listening to female participants speak about their experiences, some men have received information they couldn’t hear directly from their partners. And some participants have even seen reduced psychological and physical violence in their marriages. “I’m seeing things I hadn’t seen,” says ChristRoy. “I want everyone to rethink things too.”
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vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012 The Leveller 5
6 The Leveller vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012
« Occupy Wall Street » un an après Stéfanie Clermont Du 12 au 17 septembre, des dizaines d’ateliers se sont été tenus et autant de gestes ont été posés à New York sous la bannière d’« Occupy Wall Street ». Plusieurs centaines de personnes de différents milieux ont convergé vers la grande ville pour souligner le premier anniversaire de l’occupation du parc Zuccotti. Le campement autogéré, qui a duré du 17 septembre au 15 novembre 2011 avant d’être démantelé par le NYPD, avait inspiré la mobilisation dans près d’un millier de villes dans plus de quatrevingt pays. Au Canada, dans une vingtaine de villes, des groupes avaient repris à leur compte les pratiques d’ « Occupy Wall Street » : occupation de parcs publics, tenue d’assemblées générales et dénonciation de l’écart entre riches et pauvres, ainsi que du monopole économique de l’élite du monde financier. À Ottawa, des foules nombreuses avaient participé à des assemblées générales et un campement avait été érigé dans le parc de la Confédération le 15 octobre 2011. En solidarité avec le mouvement « Occupy », les participants d’Ottawa avaient organisé plusieurs manifestations
pour dénoncer divers problèmes dont l’iniquité salariale, le militarisme étatsunien et le colonialisme canadien. L’occupation avait duré cinq semaines avant qu’une intervention policière y mette fin. Samedi, les participants new-yorkais ont dressé des campements dans plusieurs parcs publics de la ville. « Nous ne demandons pas la permission. Nous dressons des campements en tout point semblables à celui de l’année dernière à Liberty Plaza, » a dit Aaron Bornstein, un militant impliqué dans l’organisation de l’anniversaire. Il précise : « c’est une riposte : nous avons été évincés du parc. Maintenant, les autorités auront à composer avec des occupations partout à New York. » Une quinzaine de personnes ont été arrêtées durant la manifestation se rendant du Square Washington au Parc Zuccotti. Durant cinq jours, de mercredi à dimanche, des ateliers d’action directe ont préparé la journée du lundi 17 septembre, pendant laquelle se déroulera une action de masse. Les participants à ces ateliers se sont familiarisés avec les concepts de groupe d’affinité et de prise de décision collective. Les manifestants se regrouperont
devant la Bourse de New York dès 7h30 le matin. Ils comptent s’asseoir aux intersections proches de la Bourse et empêcher les employés d’y pénétrer. Aaron Bornstein explique ainsi les manifestations devant cette institution : « Si on cherche à savoir d’où provient l’argent servant à financer les institution auxquelles s’opposent nos nombreux mouvements sociaux, on se retrouve toujours face à Wall Street. Ainsi, le financement du pipeline de gaz, actuellement en construction, qui passe sous West Village, provient de Chase et de Wells Fargo. De même, le financement des prisons privées où sont détenues tant de personnes non violentes trouvées coupables d’infractions liées à l’usage de drogue, ainsi que de nombreuses personnes de couleur, provient des mêmes grosses banques. » « On veut juste démontrer qu’on est toujours là, qu’on continue de travailler sur beaucoup de choses différentes », rappelle Bornstein. Il ajoute espérer « que cela attirera l’attention de ceux qui étaient sceptiques et pensaient qu’on était partis, simplement parce que le USA Today ne couvre plus le mouvement tous les jours ».
Professeurs sous surveillance Andy Crosby Septembre! Après un semestre d’hiver en grève, ponctué par de nombreuses manifestations de masse, une injonction de la Cour, l’intervention répétée de la police antiémeute et de multiples arrestations, les étudiants de l’Université du Québec en Outaouais sont rentrés en classe. Une surprise les y attendait, eux et les professeurs : tous sont désormais sous haute surveillance. En effet, dans plusieurs départements – travail social, sciences sociales, éducation – l’université a installé des caméras de sécurité dans les couloirs des bureaux des professeurs.
Un professeur, membre du syndicat des professeures et des professeurs de l’Université du Québec en Outaouais (SPUQO) et qui soutenait les étudiants en grève, avait été la première personne à être arrêtée par les policiers de Gatineau en avril dernier. Une professeure avait aussi été expulsée de l’établissement scolaire par la sécurité privée de l’université alors qu’elle se rendait à son cours. Le SPUQO affirme que l’installation de ces caméras est à mettre en lien avec la loi spéciale 12 adoptée par le gouvernement Charest en mai. «Cela a été candidement reconnu par le recteur lui-même, la se-
maine dernière, lors d’une rencontre (…) dans le but de rapporter les comportements contraires à la loi 12 », note Louise Briand, présidente du SPUQO. Le syndicat affirme également que ces caméras contreviennent à la Charte des droits et libertés, ainsi qu’à la loi sur la confidentialité; aussi en exige-t-il le retrait immédiat. À cette fin, une série de séances d’éducation populaire – intitulée « Sous les caméras, l’éducation » – est organisée tous les jeudis de ce semestre. Comme le souligne le titre de ces rencontres, elles se tiendront sous les caméras de surveillance et ce, jusqu’au retrait de ces dernières.
Les Sans-culottes étaient les révolutionnaires radicaux pendant la Révolution française (vers 1789). Leur nom émanait des pantalons qu’ils portaient au lieu de la culotte courte et des bas, portés par les nobles et les bourgeois.
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20 septembre 2012
27 septembre 2012
4 octobre 2012
Le panoptique de Bentham, vu par Michel Foucault
Lire « 1984 » de George Orwell
Au troisième étage de l’aile C du Pavillon Taché
Au deuxième étage de l’aile C du Pavillon Taché
Mécanismes de régulation sociale de la maternelle jusqu’aux études supérieures
Dans le couloir, face à la salle de photocopie du département des sciences sociales (sous les nouvelles caméras de surveillance) au C-3331
Dans le couloir, face à la salle de photocopie du département de travail social (sous les nouvelles caméras de surveillance) au C-2331
Pavillon A.-Taché de l’Université du Québec en Outaouais, à Gatineau.
Pavillon A.-Taché de l’Université du Québec en Outaouais, à Gatineau.
Jeudi 20 septembre 2012 de 12h00 à 12h30
Jeudi 27 septembre 2012 de 12h00 à 12h30
Au premier étage de l’aile C du Pavillon Taché Dans le couloir, face à la salle de photocopie du département d’éducation (sous les nouvelles caméras de surveillance) au C-1331 Pavillon A.-Taché de l’Université du Québec en Outaouais, à Gatineau. Jeudi 4 octobre 2012 de 12h00 à 12h30
vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012 The Leveller 7
The Indictments of Pam Palmater An Interview
Indian Act dragged across the country - Photo: Ben Powless
“The Indian Act is a complete piece of racist, discriminatory, paternalistic, colonial legislation...”
Crystel Hajjar On Sept. 13, Dr. Pamela Palmater addressed the Ottawa community at Carleton University. She spoke about the assimilation - which she refers to as elimination — of First Nations peoples, and about Harper’s plan to erase cultural identity. She addressed many crucial issues facing First Nations across the country, ranging from housing and health, the education system, the increased surveillance of Indigenous activism, and most recently, the impact that the First Nations Property Ownership Act could have on Indigenous communities. Dr. Palmater is an associate professor and the chair of Indigenous Governance in the Department of Politics and Public Administration at Ryerson University. She has been practicing law for 14 years and holds a doctorate degree in the Science of Law (JSD) in Aboriginal law from Dalhousie University Law School. She is a Mi’kmaw citizen from the Eel River Bar First Nation. Following the event, the Leveller’s Crystel Hajjar sat down with Dr. Palmater to reflect on Indigenous issues in Canada. The following is an edited version of that interview.
8 The Leveller vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012
When did you first start becoming involved in Aboriginal rights activism? Probably when I was about six years old. I have eight sisters and three brothers and they are very politically active, and my father demanded that we be active in our community. So they took me to every meeting, protest, negotiation, organization, assembly, and conference. I was small, so I didn’t have a choice then. When I was around 12, I started getting involved in Indigenous youth organizations and volunteering at a whole host of them that dealt with housing and chopped-down services . I’ve always been working on the political scene too — behind the scenes. I’ve never in my memory not been part of it. On Sept. 4, Leo Baskatawang arrived to Ottawa, after starting the March 4 Justice from Vancouver, with the Indian Act attached to his body to symbolize its erosion. He describes the Indian Act as “a notoriously relic piece of federal legislation that has subjugated Aboriginal peoples to archaic colonial policy.” What do you think of that?
The Indian Act is a complete piece of racist, discriminatory, paternalistic, colonial legislation, which also protects certain rights, legislates funding authorities, and anchors the crown to treaty obligations. It protects treaty rights from interference by provincial laws. There are a whole lot of other things in the Indian Act in addition to the paternalism. So yes, it is a relic, but you cannot just get rid of it. That would mean getting rid our rights and existing protections for our communities. There are First Nations who want to keep certain parts of the Indian Act to keep the federal government honest. It is up to First Nations when and if they want to get rid of it, and how and what they replace it with. I am opposed to MP Rob Clarke’s bill to repeal the Indian Act tomorrow. It is far more complex than people with a little bit of knowledge about the Indian Act understand. Could you discuss your views on the Harper government’s policies on Indigenous people and Indigenous rights?
The Harper government isn’t even hiding the fact that it wants to integrate, which means assimilate, First Nations. He wants to unlock our land, which means take the rest of our reserve land and make us like Canadians. That was in their CrownFirst Nations gathering speech and is in their policies.
Mi’kmaw people,” the public will take it that way. Thus, I always have to be careful that whatever I am saying respects everyone’s sovereignty and their own Indigenous cultures and ways of being. I need to be cautious that I don’t ever come forward to impose solutions or anything else on anyone.
What do you think people should be doing about these policies? People need to understand the history, the causes of current conditions, what all the facts are, and the implications of all of these policies.
What would you like to say to allies?
Solidarity means standing beside and supporting. It doesn’t mean you agree with everything. But it means when you can, stand in support. Never assume the role of saviour, or assume that you know what’s best. Don’t let your own agenda determine how you treat Indigenous people. Solidarity not saviourism.
Do you have comments about the proposed mining projects and pipelines that go through Indigenous lands without proper consultation? For example, the proposed Enbridge pipeline and wild Fawn River watershed in Northern Ontario? The Harper government has no respect for the law, the constitution, the charter, treaties or international law with respect to the duty and legal obligation to solve and accommodate the rights of Indigenous peoples, and that’s clear. I support any Indigenous nation that wants to protect its territory, but it’s not my call to make. Sept. 5 marks four years since the disappearance of Shannon Alexander and Maisy Odjick from Maniwaki Quebec. What are your thoughts on the government’s response? Stephen Harper and Conservative governments generally silence any voices that make the current realities of Indigenous people public knowledge, their culpability public knowledge, and Indigenous resistance — what it is that they’re doing — public knowledge. So Sisters in Spirit brought to light that Indigenous women were going murdered and missing, and that the police didn’t give any care or thought to that, because they consider these women subhuman. Because Sisters in Spirit brought this to light, they had their funding cut. This past summer, the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs decided to take on the cause of murdered and missing aboriginal women, and they had their funding cut by 80 percent. This is how Harper will silence our voices, aside from omnibus bills and legislation, and the labelling of environmentalists and Indigenous people as terrorists in order to restrict and monitor their movements.
Photo: Andy Cr
ater’s talk at
. Pamela Palm slide from Dr
What further steps need to be taken to protect murdered and missing Aboriginal women? We must recognize Aboriginal rights and Aboriginal treaty rights, and First Nations’ jurisdiction over their own communities. Adequate and nondiscriminatory funding must be provided. What are some of the biggest personal challenges you face in your work? Dr. Pa I have to make sure that mela P almate r addre what I am doing is always ssing people in a ta done from a place of respectlk at C arleto n Univ ing every other Indigenous nation’s ersity solidarity. While I might say, “Well, I don’t represent all Indigenous people” and “I don’t represent all Photo:
vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012 The Leveller 9
Flies on Drone, Drone Labour the Radar of the On The Range Conservatives What Canadians should ask, however, is what
While the Conservative government’s war on critics
role Canada will play in the unfolding legacy of
has been a relatively quiet affair, the parallel war
drones as instruments of terror and assassination.
on organized labour has been anything but.
Adam Kostrich This past July, the Harper government awarded a three year, $22.6 million contract to Ottawa-based CAE Inc., Canada’s leading supplier of aircraft modelling and flight simulation technology. Given the Harper government’s interest in developing dronestrike capabilities and its persistent rhetoric of the usefulness of drones in asserting Canada’s claim to the Arctic, this announcement is worrisome. According to an official press release, the contract “covers support for experiments, mission rehearsals, demonstrations, exercises, as well as operational and maintenance training.” Much of the work outlined in the contract—which includes the option for two separate one year, $8.47 million extensions—is to be done at Carleton University’s Visualization and Simulation Centre. “This is about saving lives,” gushed Carleton President Roseann Runte when the university announced the deal. “This is about saving money. It makes sense to locate such programs at universities, because that is where interdisciplinary training occurs.” Soon, We’ll All Be Drones The Canadian Forces have been using unarmed drones—unstaffed aerial combat vehicles (think planes without pilots)— for surveillance in Afghanistan since 2007. They’ve also used them in Canada’s Far North and in a slew of recent exercises in the Arctic. If we rewind to last year’s NATO-led foreign intervention in Libya, however, we see that the Harper government wants Canadian drones to pack a harder punch. Government documents obtained by the Ottawa Citizen show that in the dying days of the Libya mission, some of our senior defence leaders petitioned the government to spend up to $600 million to develop armed drones. These requests didn’t fall on deaf ears. On July 23 of this year, Prime Minister Stephen Harper approved the Department of National Defence (DND)’s request for information
about drone technology from industry leaders like CAE Inc. The request stated that these aircrafts should be able to carry precisionguided munitions to “allow the [Canadian Forces] to fill critical deficiencies,” for use in the Canadian Arctic. Companies are required to provide relevant figures by Sept. 28. According to the same documents from DND, the government’s budget for these drones is around $1 billion. The push for drones comes at a time when our government plans to buy 65 F-35 fighter jets for a seemingly indeterminate amount of money. O r i g i n a l l y, the government had planned to purchase the jets for $16 billion, but has since admitted that those figures may not be accurate. Inaccurate financial projections and the fact that the F-35s may not give Canadians the best bang for their tax bucks, considering they would not be operational until at least 2018, have invited criticism of the Harper government on this issue. For once, however, the most pressing issue may not have anything to do with budgets, jobs, or the idealized economy. Instead, we might ask, what is Canada planning to do with these drones? Drone Wars Drones in their current form first appeared over Bosnia in 1994. American armed forces found drones singularly useful in monitoring the movements of opposition troops. 2001 saw the first use of armed drones when the U.S. used them to support military operations in Afghanistan. In Feb. 2002, the U.S. made history by using a drone to strike at an individual target that the government claimed to be Osama Bin Laden. It was the first time that a drone strike had been used to strike a target on its own, rather than sup-
10 The Leveller vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012
port a ground forces operation. Since then, the Bush and Obama administrations have used armed drones to enforce American foreign policy objectives on the other side of the planet without risking the loss of American lives. The use of American drones in Pakistan to strike strategic, non-military targets without having American forces on the ground has led to tense political dialogue, highlighted by the release of President Obama’s “kill list.” This list was released earlier this year and
names individuals to be targeted and killed by drones for political purposes. Canadians need not think that there is anything intrinsically wrong with the use of drones in warfare. They are merely a more sophisticated form of the hotair balloon, the airplane, and the cruise missile. What Canadians should ask, however, is what role Canada will play in the unfolding legacy of drones as instruments of terror and assassination. What does our government intend to do with our drones, if and when we get them? If, as Carleton President Runte said, the program at Carleton is about “saving lives,” we should ask our government and the university to dig a little deeper. Are we able to save lives by becoming drones ourselves, or are lives saved by challenging how those in power use resources for the development of technology that might, were it not in flight over the Arctic plains, be beneficial for us all?
highlights the effects the federal budget cuts will With the Harper gov- have on communities ernment’s history of un- across Canada. The plane and its bandermining bargaining rights and passing em- ner made previous appearployer-friendly legislation, ances at several festivals it should come as no sur- and parades across Queprise that two important bec in late August, where it events speaking to censor- drew a great deal of intership and an anti-union est, according to Ciambelagenda occurred within la. But less than two hours into his flight to bring the days of one another. The first concerns the message to Gatineau’s Hot RCMP forcing a plane to Air Balloon Festival, he land for carrying a Public was ordered by the RCMP Service Alliance of Canada to land and submit to (PSAC) banner critical of questioning. The RCMP first admitPrime Minister Harper. The second is regarding a ted that NAV Canada, the national corporate air navigation service, at no time detected a violation of the closed airspace over Parliament Hill and the prime minister’s residence. Indeed, a different motivation was hinted at by an RCMP sergeant’s suggestion that Ciambella’s banner may constitute hate speech. The illustration: Shawn Philip Hunsdale admission that Ciambella’s private member’s bill pro- flight path was completely posed by Nepean-Carleton legal was later retracted, MP Pierre Poilièvre that however, and replaced would allow workers who with the claim that ofmay disagree with their ficers on Parliament Hill union’s political stances thought they had seen the and campaigns to opt out plane within the no-fly zone. of paying union dues. According to Carl ValThese events are a continuation of two political lée, a press secretary for wars that the Conservative Harper, stopping the plane government has been wag- “was an operational deing for years: one against cision by the RCMP, not its critics, and one against a political one.” But the organized labour. If PSAC incident bears an uncomhas earned a place of fortable similarity with special loathing, it is be- two previous instances of cause the union is at the governmental censorship. The first is the Conserforefront of both wars as a prominent critic of the vatives’ attempt to muzzle government and the coun- British MP George Gallotry’s largest public sector way by barring him from entering Canada, conflatunion. On Sept. 1, pilot Gian ing his participation in an Piero Ciambella took to aid convoy with the fundthe skies of the National ing of so-called PalestinCapital Region to display ian terrorists. The second is their atthe PSAC sponsored “Stephen Harper Nous Dé- tempt to silence Toronto artteste.ca” banner, French ist Franke James, who was for “Stephen Harper Hates awarded a grant to take her Us.ca.” Either url leads to art exhibit abroad, but later websites set up by PSAC had it revoked due to the art’s as part of their We Are All critical stance on Canadian Affected campaign, which environmental policies. The Edward Roué
government was not forthcoming with this rationale; James discovered the political motivation only after filing an access-to-information request. While the Conservative government’s war on critics has been a relatively quiet affair, the parallel war on organized labour has been anything but. So much so that journalist Lawrence Martin sees it as a deliberate public relations strategy on the Conservatives’ part, a kind of right-wing campaign against labour unions and their supporters. Labour Minister Lisa Raitt has legislated workers back to work in several labour disputes since the Conservatives gained a majority, including strikes and lockouts at Canada Post, Air Canada and Canadian Pacific Railway. In the case of Canada Post, the government not only trampled on the workers’ rights, as the Canadian Union of Postal Workers charges in its lawsuit against the back-to-work legislation, but went further in support of management by imposing even worse wages than were discussed in negotiations. This aspect of Conservative Party policy has become so routine it is almost relied upon by corporations. It has become commonly referred to as a pre-emptive war on labour. But Poilièvre’s private member’s bill would go much further should it be passed into law. It has been compared to right-to-work legislation, which has devastated labour’s ability to organize in states across the US, to the point where only about 12 percent of American workers have a union, compared to Canada’s relatively robust unionization rate of 30 percent. The government’s twin wars on critics and labour ignore the fundamental wisdom of the Rand Formula, named after Canadian Supreme Court Justice Ivan Rand. Rand ruled in 1946 that while workers do have the right to formally dissociate themselves from their workplace’s union, they still owe it their dues because of the role it plays in securing better wages and conditions for them and their fellow workers. This is the kind of wisdom that not just Mr. Poilièvre, but all Canadians should remember, especially in these times of growing inequality, government austerity, and attacks on workers’ rights.
Students and State Square-off on Affordable Education Alana Roscoe, Adam Kostrich, Andy Crosby Quebec’s political landscape has changed, nearly seven months after tens of thousands of students took to the streets on strike against a 75 percent tuition hike. Out of the ashes of a war waged on public education, Premier Jean Charest was defeated in the Sept. 4 provincial election. Following the minority victory of the Parti Québécois, leader Pauline Marois announced that they would rescind the hike and turf the controversial special Law 12, more popularly known as Bill 78. The demand for accessible education is not without its historical context. Out of Quebec’s Quiet Revolution of the 1960s arose a demand for universal, free post-secondary education. As a compromise, annual tuition fees were frozen at $540 per year before tripling to $1,668 in 1994. This rate was frozen again until 2007,
when Charest’s Liberals implemented a $100 per year increase that brought tuition fees to their current annual rate of $2,168. The trajectory of tuition freezes and increases was catalyzed by frequent student unrest and strikes, ensuring that tuition remained low. Since 1968, students in Quebec have gone on strike on ten different occasions, the most recent being in 2005 when the red square le carré rouge - was adopted to symbolize high student debt. In March 2011, Quebec’s provincial government announced that tuition fees would increase by $325 annually over a five year period, bringing the rate of tuition to $3,793 by 2016-17. Students met the tuition fee increase with indignation, linking it to larger issues of increasing austerity and social injustice. The Coalition large de l’Association pour une Solidarité Syndicale Étudiante (CLASSE), the largest student group,
declared that “equal access to public services is vital to the common good,” as laid out in its manifesto. The student movement was largely opposed to the “user-pay” and “marketbased” principles of neoliberalism, further linking the fight for accessible education alongside struggles against colonialism, sexism, and racism. After nearly a year of campaigning against the government’s proposed tuition increase, students at Université Laval walked out of classes on Feb. 13, 2012. By March, tens of thousands of students from across Quebec had voted to strike in large general assemblies that led to frequent and mass public demonstrations. These actions included economic disruptions such as blockading ports, bridges, and banks, and the targeting of Liberal Party offices and meetings. The reaction by municipal and provincial police forces was swift and violent.
Hundreds of riot police patrolled Quebec’s cities, making thousands of arrests over months of protest and inflicting numerous injuries on students and their supporters. Two students lost their vision after being hit by police projectiles and dozens of others were hospitalized over months of protests. Police were particularly violent when confronting demonstrators outside Liberal Party events in Montreal and Victoriaville. Opposed to industrial mega-projects like the Plan Nord, students were further angered when Charest joked to a room full of economic and political elites at the Palais de Congrès that they would send students to work in the North. In Victoriaville in early May, police reportedly fired over 250 rounds of tear gas. Demonstrations increased in size and frequency from March to May. The largest demonstrations in Canadian history occurred
illustration: Shawn Philip Hunsdale
Since 1968, students in Quebec have gone on strike on ten different occasions, the most recent being in 2005 when the
- was adopted to symbolize
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red square - le carré rouge
on March 22, April 22, and May 22 with upwards of 200,000, 300,000, and 400,000 participants respectively. In late April, students began to hold nightly demonstrations, which at times saw tens of thousands pour into the streets. Amidst the uncompromising protests, disruptions, and government setbacks, such as Education Minister Line Beauchamp’s resignation in mid-May, the Liberals proposed emergency law Bill 78 in an effort to crush the strike. The law criminalized the strike by enhancing police powers and restricting freedom of assembly and movement. It imposed stiff penalties on students and student organizations not cooperating with police and sought to undermine the strike by suspending the winter semester. The majority Liberal government, with support from the right-wing Coalition Avenir de Québec, immediately passed the special law on May 18, the same day it was tabled.
Police made over 1,000 arrests across the province within the next week. Despite international condemnation surrounding the emergency law, authorities pushed further with the help of corporate media to frame student activism through the lens of domestic terrorism. Canada’s spy agency Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) became involved to probe “possible threats to national security posed by groups.” Four people still face multiple charges, including serious charges under anti-terrorism legislation, for allegedly shutting down Montreal’s metro system using smoke bombs. In the face of government attempts at suppression and largely unsympathetic mainstream media coverage, students have nevertheless enjoyed a broad base of support across civil society and the general public, including unions, teachers, and parents. Many people in Quebec’s cities still don the red square.
vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012 The Leveller 11
Of Pandas and Pipelines Exposing the biases of allegedly objective institutions Adam Kostrich Over the last 30 years, public funding of Canadian universities has dropped from 83.8 percent of operating revenues to 57.5 percent, leaving private sources to cover the shortfall. Though operating costs may have risen in absolute terms, this is a worrying trend which affects students’ wallets (through rising tuition fees), university campuses (through the presence of coffee mega-chains and Coke machines), and classrooms, as many universities turn to private donors to fund academic programs. Ottawa has experienced the effects of this phenomenon since the Leveller last went to print. In April, Carleton University unveiled the new National Capital Confucius Institute for Culture, Language and Business, one of many such institutes that have drawn the ire of scholars and journalists for their political ties. In July, revelations about a secret donor agreement between the university and benefactor Clayton Riddell made national headlines and sparked a wide-ranging public discussion about whether privately funded programs compromise academic freedom. Manning (at) the Helm In 2010, Carleton signed a secret, $15 million donor agreement with the Riddell Foundation, headed by Clayton Riddell―founder, chairman, and CEO of Alberta-based petroleum company Paramount Resources―to create the Clayton H. Riddell Graduate Program in Political Management. The program is a crosspartisan school intended to train political staffers and operatives for government-related jobs. It is the
brainchild of former Reform Party leader Preston Manning and his Manning Centre for Building Democracy. In July, the details of the agreement were released to the public. According to the 2010 agreement, the Riddell Foundation has the right to appoint three of the five members of the program’s steering committee, which determines how the program distributes scholarships, who it hires to teach, and the program’s curriculum. The Foundation chose to appoint Manning chair of the steering committee. Press coverage of the agreement’s finer points caused a public uproar over the influence Carleton had granted the Riddell Foundation. The Canadian Association of University Teachers (CAUT) called the above provisions “unprecedented and unacceptable.” Carleton agreed to renegotiate the deal, and on Aug. 29 the university released a statement to clarify the terms of the agreement. The renegotiated agreement stipulates that the steering committee should provide “timely and strategic advice” on a list of issues extended to include program direction, administrative staffing, and fundraising, “in order to ensure the program’s longterm success.” CAUT called the above changes “cosmetic” and said that they missed the issue entirely, because the steering committee is still going to play “an intimate role in the actual operation of an academic program at Carleton University.” CAUT is not alone. In an Aug. 20 open letter to Carleton’s board of governors, the Carleton University Academic Staff Association wrote that “the recent actions of the administration have done more damage to Carleton
In short, having oil money fund a program which aspires to shape the minds of our next generation of political leaders both reeks of dirty business and undermines Carleton’s credibility as an academic institution. University than any other issue or challenge we have faced in the past decade.” Private interference in education is sinister enough, but when one looks at the source of the funding, readers can see why this might be a serious problem. Riddell is firmly committed to the interests of Alberta’s oil industry. According to its website, at least two of Paramount Resources’ wholly-owned subsidiary companies―including Pixar Petroleum Corp. and Cavalier Energy― were created entirely to focus their operations on oil sands development. In short, having oil money fund a program which aspires to shape the minds of our next generation of political leaders both reeks of dirty business and undermines Carleton’s credibility as an academic institution. The Panda’s Broad Paws Officially, Carleton’s Confucius Institute is committed to “serving as a unique forum for exploring the challenges and opportunities presented to
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Canada and China by today’s global economy.” “By fully engaging with the resources available to [the Institute] by virtue of our presence in Canada’s National Capital Region, the Institute can have a profound impact on the cultural and economic relationship between our two nations, and can serve as a forum for policy makers, and business and community leaders,” the institute’s website says. Fourteen Confucius Institutes currently exist in partnership with Canadian universities, and over 300 exist worldwide. Unlike similar academic and cultural exchange programs (like Germany’s Goethe-Institut), Confucius Institutes do not operate independently of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Some international observers are concerned that these same political ties have a negative impact on the freedom of these institutes and their staff. These institutes’ ties to the CCP have led critics to view the program’s intent to facilitate trade by teaching Chinese language and
cultural practices with suspicion. For one, the curricula of these institutes is decidedly limited. Don’t expect any mention of the Tiananmen Square Massacre or the Dalai Lama. Confucius Institutes’ ability to paint a reassuring portrait of China―past and present―is aided by their stringent hiring policies. Successful applicants to teach at Confucius Institutes must be 22 to 60 years of age, “physical[ly] and mental[ly] healthy, [with] no record of participation in Falun Gong and other illegal organizations and no criminal record.” It is important to question the motives of any institute so openly supportive of a national government, especially when one considers the political and economic clout of the Chinese. Canada’s burgeoning trade relationship with China arguably provides some context for a further investigation of the issues and dialogue surrounding Confucius Institutes. One needs only to look back to last year’s diplomatic visit to Beijing, which saw Prime Minister
Stephen Harper secure $3 billion worth of bilateral trade deals and the loan of two pandas to Canadian zoos as a token of friendly relations in the future. More recently, China has expressed interest in investing in Alberta’s oil sands, driving Canadian arguments for the installation of the Northern Gateway pipeline to the Pacific Coast. People often claim that there is an ancient Chinese curse: “May you live in interesting times.” Though little evidence exists to support the authenticity of this claim, it certainly applies to our particular time and place. Even in an age of unprecedented access to information, money has the ability to shape the very nature of academic inquiry. With our government apparently primed to do large-scale business with Big Oil and the Chinese, it’s important to question the views of our governments and institutions, and how private sector and partisan institutes reflect the hidden interests of their funders. At the very least, a little investigation doesn’t make the times any less interesting.
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email@example.com 12 The Leveller vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012
“BEARING” THE CHILL OF HARPER’S BILL This summer has been anything but uneventful. In the last few months, Quebec students continued their strike against a tuition fee hike, catalyzing the fall of the Charest Liberal majority and the election of a minority-led Parti Quebecois government on Sept. 4. With Premier Charest consistently patronizing students and their supporters, the strike led not only to a collapsed Liberal government, but also to Charest getting tossed out of his Sherbrooke riding after 28 years. Ahem... he “resigned.” On her first day in office, PQ leader Pauline Marois announced plans to stop the tuition hikes and abolish Bill 78. Marois should not, however, be allowed to think she is representative of students’ politics. We hope that students have served notice not just to the Liberal government per se, but to the government more generally. Politics belongs as much in the streets as it does in the legislature.
Attention: President Mahmoud Abbas: Open letter regarding the detention of Zakaria Zubeidi, co-founder of the Freedom Theatre. We the undersigned write to ask you to ensure the proper application of Palestinian law in the case of Zakaria Zubeidi. We respect Mr. Zubeidi’s choice to follow cultural re-
After months and months of massive rallies and casserole protests deemed illegal, the Quebec student movement shows, once again, what can be achieved when the public is mobilized. While Quebec students were fighting tuition hikes and the criminalization of dissent, the federal government was busy cramming over 72 existing bills into one massive omnibus budget bill that attacks employment insurance, immigration policies and a wide range of environmental policies. This budget is seen by many as the first step in weakening Canada’s environmental standards and federal assessment rules in order to facilitate Canada’s controversial, carbon-intensive, ecologically destructive tar sands development. This came during a summer that witnessed the highest average temperature on record in North America and the loss of over 40 percent of the Arctic’s permafrost.
According to the most recent measurements by the European Space Agency, Arctic ice is actually melting 50 percent faster than earlier projections had predicted. We are now expected to see at least one day in 2022 where all of the arctic ice is melted. This is symptomatic of the rapidly advancing devastation of arctic ecosystems and Inuit ways of life. Were this affecting urban Canada, you can bet it would elicit a national disaster alert like no other. But instead, we’ve seen our beloved Tory government building military bases, testing unpiloted drones, and planning new transportation routes through the oh-so lucrative Northwest Passage. Displaced polar bears have been moving southwards, and already in one documented case have interbred with grizzlies. Multicultural Grolar bears may be one positive side-effect of an ecological apocalypse. Although Bill C-38, dubbed the omnibus budget
bill, passed, it has faced unprecedented opposition from politicians, unions, former government employees and the general public. As Eddy Roue notes in these pages, an airplane soared above the national capital region with the Public Service Alliance of Canada’s banner reading, “Stephen Harper nous déteste” (Stephen Harper hates us). Mr. Harper, on ne vous aime pas non plus! The bill also quietly snuck in the repealment of labour friendly legislation involving fair wages, hours of work, and employment equity and introduced measures that make it more difficult for Canadians to access old age pensions and employment insurance. It is another blow in the ongoing attack against organized labour. This budget bill caused unprecedented damage, cutting funding to major governmental and nongovernmental organizations
traditionally supported by public finances. Scientists protested cuts to critical environmental assessment processes, research programs, and protection initiatives, while Indigenous leaders said the budget did not address community housing, education, and self-government issues. Despite our own fabulous cottage escapades, mountain mischiefing, and summer globe trotting (the Levellers really enjoyed their vacation), we can’t help but cringe at the many grim political developments of the last few months, as the Harper government continues to take a slashand-burn approach to the few worthwhile public programs and protections in this country. If you ask Ontario teachers, Air Canada pilots, or Ontario post-secondary students, or if you listen the the bellowing screeches of the ice caps–each melting droplet a metaphorical single tear– things don’t look good.
But there is a bit of a gleaming light if you look for it, shimmering ever softly around the contours of this evolving country of ours. We’ve tried to look to Quebec for inspiration. Because if we want to undo the damage of Harper’s relentless attacks on, let’s be honest, pretty much all people across Canada, we need to affirm ourselves. Louder. We need to hit the streets and develop creative tactics that will grab the attention of our neighbours and ourselves. We need to shed our own unconstructive pessimisms. Or, if that doesn’t sound appealing, an alliance ought to be negotiated whereupon the increasingly disenchanted masses of southern Canadians mount our cousins, the gallant Grolar Bears of the North, and ride valiantly through the tar sands, across the Prairies, and sack the Conservative stronghold of Ottawa.
sistance and are dismayed at his current treatment, which circumvents Palestinian law. We fully respect the independence of Palestinian law, and join Mr. Zubeidi’s attorney in calling for equality and due process before the law. Mr. Zubeidi has been held at facilities run by the Palestinian Preventative Security Forces, with his case handled
by the Military Prosecutor’s Office, despite Mr. Zubeidi’s civilian status and the regulation imposed by Palestinian law that says detention by the Preventative Security Forces must be limited to 24 hours.We call for Mr. Zubeidi’s case to be handled in the civilian courts. Mr. Zubeidi has been denied access to his attorney, who has been able to speak to
Mr. Zubeidi for just one minute and only in the presence of Mr. Zubeidi’s interrogators. Mr. Zubeidi is imprisoned in Jericho despite the facts that the crime he is accused of took place in Jenin, and that he was arrested in Jenin and resides in Jenin. This is contradictory to Palestinian law. Mr. Zubeidi denies the allegations made against him,
stressing that the weaponry he is accused of holding was handed to the Israeli Defence Forces at a time when Mr. Zubeidi chose the path of cultural resistance. We call for Zakaria Zubeidi’s release from punitive detention, and ask for your help in ensuring a fair trial for any allegations for which there is sufficient evidence to take to
court. We call upon you to ensure that Palestinian law is upheld in this matter. Signed, Zoe Lafferty, Associate Director, Freedom Theatre Alexis Ramsden, Drama Therapist, University of Beirut Arabella Lawson, Actor Giovanni Pappotto, Director Jo Tyabji, Director
Join the Carleton GSA Council GSA council is made up of representatives from each graduate department, school and institute. The Council is the legislative authority of the GSA and provides direction for the executive. Every department with more than twenty-five full-time graduate students has two seats on the Council; smaller departments have one seat. Why get involved? GSA Council represents all students enrolled in the Faculty of Graduate and Post Doctoral Affairs – to do this properly it is essential that students from every department have their perspectives, ideas and concerns represented. Sitting on the GSA Council provides great experience – learn how a non-profit democratic organization works and get to know how the university works and what graduate students at other universities are up to. It’s also a great way to meet people across disciplines and get involved in the graduate student community at Carleton. Visit gsacarleton.ca/section/331 to download your nomination form. Please return the completed document to the Carleton Graduate Students' Association on the 6th Floor Unicentre, by 12:00 noon, September 21th 2012.
The government has its own vision for our education.
$42 MILLION IN RESEARCH FUNDING HAS BEEN CUT
Join the discussion about our vision for post-secondary education.
EDUCATION TOWN HALL HAVE YOUR SAY For more information and to get involved visit your students’ union or dropfees.ca Canadian Federation of Students–Ontairo cfsontario.ca
Date: September 25th Time: 12:00 Noon Location: Tory 236 Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012 The Leveller 13
An Original Perspective Adam Kostrich “Imagine turning on your television set. Up comes one of those weird Japanese game shows. People are doing crazy things to each other, speaking in a language you don’t know. There’s a studio audience that seems to get it, but you don’t. ‘You’re looking through an electronic window into a culture you can’t understand at all. You reach for the remote and click to another channel. Some family is yelling at each other, slamming doors, exhibiting bizarre behaviour, all in a foreign language. Again, it’s completely incomprehensible. You keep on clicking. But every channel is the same.” “If you can imagine that, you can grasp how television looked to most Aboriginal Canadians before APTN.” These are the first lines of Jennifer David’s new book Original People. Original Television. The Launching of the Aboriginal People’s Television Network, released in Ottawa earlier this month. Self-published by Debwe –David’s publishing company, which takes its name from the Ojibwe word for “the truth” – Original People begins with what she describes as a “snapshot history of Aboriginal Broadcasting in Canada,” taking the reader through the introduction of television to Inuit communities in the territories and northern Quebec. The book then moves on to its main focus: the personalities and stories that
proved vital to the development and eventual birth of APTN in 1999, and the challenges they faced in getting the world’s first Aboriginal-produced television network off the ground. David was the Communications Director of APTN at its inception. She spoke with the Leveller about her motivation for writing the book and the challenges Aboriginal communities face in the mainstream media today. “After the network was founded, those of us who’d been involved in getting APTN off the ground would get together, and conversa-
tion would eventually turn to those early days, and we would always say, you know, ‘someone should write a book about this.’” “It came up to the ten year anniversary, and I felt...I was there, I know how to write, and it’s an interesting story. It’s an interesting part of Canadian history, Aboriginal history, broadcasting history, and on top of that it’s something I should write for posterity.” The book’s title -- which is identical to the network’s slogan at its inception -- was an intentional bit of wordplay. The people at APTN
not only wanted to play with the idea of ‘original people’ as it relates to Aboriginal heritage, but with the fact that not only the content but the production style of APTN was original. “We thought [the slogan] was clever at the time and captured what we were all about,” said David. David also spoke briefly about the challenges faced by Aboriginal communities who are intent on having their voices heard in the mainstream. “Mainstream media is always going to misunderstand or misrepresent Aboriginal people and the
“Mainstream media is always going to misunderstand or misrepresent Aboriginal people and the challenges they face,” Da- vid said. “[The media] just don’t have the time to understand the history.”
challenges they face,” David said. “[The media] just don’t have the time to understand the history.” “I have a background in journalism, so I realize that it’s difficult to give the historical information necessary to place a story in its proper context within a news story.” As a consequence, she says, stereotypes abound about Aboriginal communities in Canada and the problems that Aboriginal communities and people face on a daily basis. She cited mainstream media coverage of the Attawapiskat First Nation, which declared a state of emergency last October, as a prime example. “Comparing the headlines of mainstream and Aboriginal newspapers alone was an instructional experience,” she said, adding that whereas the mainstream media was quick to say that government funds were mismanaged by the community, Aboriginal and other alternative media sources described the bureaucratic inefficiencies which lead to underfunded and wholly ignored Aboriginal communities. “The reality is that Canadians remain unaware of how underfunded First Nations are, and how the government ignores their concerns.” “I mean the Truth and Reconciliation Commission really opened up people’s eyes to the parallel world that exists for Aboriginal communities within Canada.” The Truth and Reconciliation Commission was a national commission established to
address the legacy of residential schools in Canada. Aboriginal people, she said, have a role to play in bridging these gaps. Although APTN played and continues to play a necessary role, David’s book is more about the development of the network than its current functionality. “Unless you’re a mediasavvy person, you would never know that the National Post, for example, is pretty rightwing,” she explained, adding that if Canadians aren’t willing to critically engage with their media and inform themselves, they’re likely to stay within their political comfort zone, news-wise. As to the current situation, though, David says that alternative and social media allow Canadians to engage with their news media as never before. These are important forces for change, and we would do well to use these tools. Though David provides some historical background to the founding of APTN, one of the great successes of Original People. Original Television. is that it reads like a memoir. David provides an insider’s view on the difficulty and value of committing oneself to a forum where people can share their collective past and build towards a future in a meaningful way through creating their own media. Anyone interested in independent media, Canadian history, or just a good story should pick up this book. The book is available at Collected Works (on Wellington Street) and Octopus Books (on Third Avenue).
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14 The Leveller vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012
Lequanne Collins-Bacchus “Hell is other people you’re related to,” opines Eva Khatchadourian (Tilda Swinton), one of the main characters in We Need to Talk About Kevin, based on the book of the same title by Lionel Shriver. Happily childfree, Eva is a svelte, sophisticated beauty who succumbs to the pressure to have a child with her husband. Her son, seemingly disturbed from birth, grows into a sociopath who commits crimes on par with the youth in Michael Moore’s Bowling For Columbine. In this film adaptation, we are given a hauntingly honest and rare cinematic exploration of motherhood as hell, or worse, purgatory – navigating both the appearance of being a good mother while not wishing to even be one, and the unavoidable, self-inflicted parental guilt when she fails. After learning she is pregnant, Eva does not feel her maternal instinct magically switch on. We see her depressed in prenatal classes, not enthusiastically practicing her breathing or talking about baby names like other mothers. When she gives birth, her colicky son frustrates her as she desperately tries to be an ideal mother. In a scene where she cannot calm her baby’s endless cries, she attempts everything under the sun to please him and eventually gives up, stops by a construction site and drowns her child’s cries in the roar of a jack hammer. We Need To Talk About Kevin takes seriously the conundrum women face if they do not want children. For some, children are not
bundles of sunshine while others simply do not desire progeny. In light of the issues women face in the U.S. regarding abortion and rape, this film is worth revisiting. In the States, access
Eva’s turmoil exposes that, too often, women are not encouraged to think for themselves but instead are pressured into aligning themselves with social convention. If Eva was treated as person who
Eva’s turmoil exposes that, too often, women are not encouraged to think for themselves but instead are pressured into aligning themselves with social convention. to birth control is stigmatized by conservatives but when unwanted pregnancy inevitably occurs, abortions are not easily available. We are taught to think of reasons to have unwanted children rather than reasons to enjoy having children and planning for them. This, aside from the notion that every woman should be viewed as a potential mother-in-waiting, sets the stage for unhappy, dysfunctional families and unfulfilled women. Director Lynne Ramsay showcases how childfree women are damned if they do, damned if they don’t. If they do not have children they are not a fully realized woman. If they do, they are bad mothers because they do not embrace and perpetuate the idealistic myths of motherhood.
could pursue their goals and dreams that did not include children, she would lead a much more fulfilling life, but would still face social stigmatization for not embracing motherhood. Appealing to art-genre audiences, in We Need To Talk About Kevin, Ramsay employs sparse carefullychosen dialogue, close-up shots of Eva’s enigmatic expressions focusing on her thoughts and dreams rather than a linear narrative, and an expressionistically social realism style in pulling us into Eva’s Kafkaesque life. Ramsay compellingly captures moments where Eva confronts her children as people, extensions of herself and her shortcomings as a parent. More importantly, Eva’s story illustrates that everyone’s ‘happily ever after’, whether or not they fall in line with convention, is different.
HorOscopes VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22)
AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb.
Virgo, for reasons that I can’t say publicly, it is absolutely imperative that you mediate the conflict that is brewing between Pisces and Gemini. Their continued friendships rest on your poetic intervention!
18) Aquarius, you need to brush up on your oneliners if you’re ever going to make a breakthrough in your innovative 1980sthemed Broadway action movies. I know you heard that Hugh Jackman could both dance and be Wolverine, but the man needs to see a powerful script before being persuaded by you. I recommend The Expendables 2.
LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22) When Kristen Stewart cheated on the vampire, I heard your sigh of relief. Be careful of trusting the woodsman, what secrets may he hold I wonder? Will he lead you into a magical psychedelic utopia to meet a magical steer, only to startle you out of your trance-like pixie-world by shooting the steer when you least suspect it?!?! Ask your mirror, mirror on the wall, Libra. Ask it.
PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20)
Congratulations Pisces! You are the recipient of the official September haikuhoroscope! Gentle breezes blow, Destiny’s sleek satin sails Quick! Fire cannons!
while chanting, “You have offended me sir!” Stick to Game of Thrones...you’re dangerous. GEMINI (May 21-June 20)
Congratulations, you are the REAL recipient of September’s haiku: Hummous lips abound Kissing grape leaves laid upon Shawarma sheets CANCER(June 21-July 22) A wise man once said that the way to a lover’s heart is through the stomach. That man was on a mild hallucinogen at the time, however. It’s not a bad route, but it requires a lot of turns as well as a solid grounding in anatomy. Evidence suggests that the best way to a
SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21)
Scorpio, Scorpio, Scorpio, your love of liberty is more powerful than the allure of free ammunition at a Charlton Heston themed flag raising. Don’t be dismayed by those freedom haters who LOL at your ideas. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22Dec. 21) Beware sitting in an empty chair this month, Sagittarius. You may be inadvertently mistaken for a sitting head of state by a man described as representing the “cognitive dissidence of the Republican Party.” I guess Dirty Harry confused the term “sitting president” with “place to sit.” CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan.
19) We meet again, goatfish. We parted ways on guarded terms in April, and I’ve been watching my back ever since. I saw you in the tropics this summer, being all Capricornish as you tend to be. You make me nervous, and I want you to know that I’m sorry for the incident. I didn’t know it tasted like that.
ARIES (March 21-April 19)
The stars have whispered to me the essence of your salvation. Unfortunately, my pen stopped working before I could jot it down. It wasn’t empty, mind you, there was a tonne of ink in it. You know when you press really hard and you’re making circles and bringing your blood pressure to a boil trying to get the damn ink out of the pen? It was one of those situations. TAURUS (April 20-May 20) I do not recommend that you see The Expendables 2. You’re aggressive enough as it is, Taurus. I know I told you to assert yourself more clearly at work, but I didn’t know that it would result in you laying a deuce on your manager’s desk
heart is probably through the back, unless the survival of said heart is important, in which case you need to go through the chest. In general, though, you shouldn’t try to feed a heart. Trust me on that one. LEO (July 23-Aug. 22) It’s
time to pull out those dancing shoes Leo, because you are in for a month of fun! And not the kind of fun you had last September when you ended up rocking out to “Come on Feel the Noise” at 5 am with your tie around your head at your sister’s wedding. This is gonna be the kind of September that has your tie around your head at 4:30 pm, rocking out to Kenny G at a Campus Conservatives’ event.
vol 5, no 1, September/October 2012 The Leveller 15
Listings tues Sept 18 CONSENT IS SEXY WEEK SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION WEEK MUSIC: Organ Recitals. St. Andrew’s Church. 12:15. Every Tues. WORKSHOP: Consent 101. Res Commons, Carleton University. 3pm. BOOK LAUNCH: ORGANIZE! Under One Roof, 251 Bank St. 7pm. FILM: Cold War Cinema: Good Night, and Good Luck. Diefenbunker: Canada’s Cold War Museum, 3911 Carp Rd. 7pm.
WED Sept 19 FESTIVAL: Ottawa International Animation Festival. Sept. 19-23. HEALTH: Webinar for 2012 CIHR Journalism Awards. 12pm. PANEL: Divest from Injustice. Agora UCU, U of Ottawa. 4pm. TALK: Fifty Shades of Grey and Consent. Mike’s Place, Carleton University. 5pm. PANEL: Orwell’s 1984 with Evan Solomon. 2220 River Bldg, Carleton University. 7:30pm. MEETING: Organizing Meeting to Stop War on Iran. Under One Roof, 251 Bank St. 7pm. SING: Just Voices weekly environmental choir rehearsals. Bronson Centre 222. 7pm. Every Wed. WORKSHOP SERIES: Interdependent Media. Glebe Community Centre, 175 Third Ave. 7pm. Every Wednesday for 6 weeks. TALENT: Sexy Showcase. Rooster’s Coffeehouse, Carleton University. 7:30pm.
Thurs Sept 20 TALK: Top Down, Bottom Up: Bridging Global Policy and Practice. Marriott Hotel. 9am. WORKSHOP: Build Your Social Enterprise. Under One Roof, 251 Bank St. 9:30am.
WORKSHOP: Research in Migration, Culture & Politics. 2017 Dunton Tower, Carleton University. 10:45am.
POWWOW: 2nd Annual Kikinàmàgan (Student) Pow Wow. Odawa Native Friendship Centre, 12 Stirling Ave. 12pm.
TALK: Taiaiake Alfred: “Unnatural Disaster: The Psychophysical Effects of Environmental Racism”. 509 Arts Bldg, U of Ottawa. 4pm.
MANIFESTATION: Vers la Gratuité Scholaire. Parc Lafontaine, Montréal. 2pm.
EDIT: Wikipedia Edit-A-Thon. 5301 Canal Bldg, Carleton University. 6pm. ART: Expeditions. Ottawa Art Gallery, 2 Daly Ave. 6pm. SOLIDARITY: IPSMO Orientation Session. Jack Purcell Community Centre. 7pm. PHOTOGRAPHY: Festival X Opening Gala. St. Brigid’s Centre for the Arts. 310 Patrick St. 7pm. DANCE: Sexy Dance Party. Mike’s Place, Carleton University. 9pm.
fri Sept 21 FAST: 12 Days to Save Our Children. WEBCAST: UN International Day of Peace: Minute of Silence, Moment of Peace. Odawa Native Friendship Centre, 12 Stirling Ave. 11am. WORKSHOP: Consent 202. GSA Lounge (6th flr UC), Carleton University. 2pm.
ART: Terra². The Cube Gallery, 1285 Wellington St. 2pm. WALK: Walking Tour of Lowertown East. Meet at École Secondaire de La Salle. 2pm.
101 Centrepointe Dr. 6pm. FILM: Occupation 101. Hosted by Students Against Israeli Apartheid (SAIA). 238 Tory Bldg, Carleton University. 7pm. TALK: Peace, Youth Activism and Social Media. 233 Gilmour St. 7pm. CUPE 4600: Solidarity Social Wine & Cheese. 2017 Dunton Tower, Carleton University. 7pm.
ART: Spaces Between Us. Major’s Hill Park. 7pm.
thurs Sept 27
ART: Stills in Motion. Saint Brigid’s Centre for the Arts, 310 St. Patrick St. 7pm.
TABLING: Meet OPIRG-Carleton Working Groups. Atrium, Carleton University.
MON Sept 24
FILM: Countdown Zero. Ottawa Public Library Auditorium, 120 Metcalfe St. 6:30pm.
OPIRG-Carleton’s Cultures of Resistance Week MUSIC: New Music New Places. Green Roof Ampitheatre (ACCE), Algonquin College. 7pm. MUSIC: Peace Cabaret and variety songs. Amphitheatre, Saint Paul’s University. 7pm.
tues Sept 25 AGM: Media Co-op. DISCUSS: Education Town Hall. 236 Tory Bldg, Carleton University. 12pm.
FILM: Survival, Strength, Sisterhood. 135 Fauteux, U of Ottawa. 6:30pm.
SOCIAL: (Dis)ability - Board Games. Centre for Students with Disabilities. 215 UCU, U of Ottawa. 6pm.
INTERNATIONAL PEACE DAY: One World Dialogue. Shenkman Arts Centre, 245 Centrum Blvd. 7pm.
LEGACY: Circle of All Nations. Ottawa Public Library Auditorium, 120 Metcalfe St. 7pm.
OPEN HOUSE: Rideau Canal Footbridge. Glebe Community Centre, Scotton Hall, 175 Third Ave. 7pm.
EDIBLES: Plant Walks in the City: Fruit and Roots. $15. email@example.com. 2pm.
sun Sept 30 FOOD POLICY: First Ottawa Food Policy Council deadline for new members. PHOTOGRAPHY: Lookfest Portfolio Review. Saint Brigid’s Centre for the Arts, 310 St. Patrick St. 10am. TALK: Globalization and Right Livelihood. Unitarian Universalist Fellowship, Seraphin Marion School, 2147 Loyola Ave. 10:30am.
MON oCT 1
fri Sept 28
tues oCT 2
FUN & GAMES: Third annual Ottawa Charity Ping Pong. $30. The SpinBin, 95 York St. 10am5pm.
PEACE: International Day of Nonviolence.
WALK: Wild Edible Walking Tour. Arboretum. Contact OPIRG-Carleton. OKTOBERFEST: Vankleek Hill. Beau’s All Natural Brewing Company, Vankleek Hill. 4pm. BOOK LAUNCH: The Energy of Slaves:. Oil and the New Servitude. Octopus Books Centretown, 251 Bank St, Under One Roof. 7pm.
TALK: Green Spirituality. Subud Centre, 357 Wilmont Ave. 8pm.
sat Sept 22
wed Sept 26
MUSIC: O-Town Hoedown. Irene’s Pub, 885 Bank St. FriSat. 9pm.
ORGANIC WEEK: Sept. 22-29.
NATIONAL TREE DAY: 3127 Carling Ave.
sat Sept 29
TALK: Health and Justice for Refugees. Octopus Books, 116 Third Ave. 12pm.
FLEA MARKET: punkottawa. com. Mac Hall, Bronson Centre. 11am-5pm..
WORKSHOP: Networking Event for Newcomers Starting a Business. Ben Franklin Place,
GATHERING: Friends for Peace Day. Ottawa City Hall, Jean Pigott Place. 11am.
WALK/PADDLE: 5th annual Path Of Peace Walk and “Circle of All Nations” to commemorate the noble vision of Algonquin Elder Grandfather William Commanda. Parliament Hill/ Victoria Island. 10am.
ART: Go Forth and Multiply. Carleton University Art Gallery. 2pm.
FUNDRAISER: Raw Talent at Raw Sugar Cafe for the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society of Canada. $10. 692 Somerset St. W. 8pm.
TALK: Canadian Mining and Indigenous Self-Determination: Perspectives from Panama and Ontario. 1110 Desmarais Bldg, U of Ottawa. 7pm.
VIGIL: For Climate Justice. Parliament Hill. 7:30pm.
WORKSHOP: Media Activism & Alternative Media. OPIRGCarleton. 1pm.
FILM: Climate Refugees. Ottawa Public Library Auditorium, 120 Metcalfe St. 6pm.
PANEL: Women, Violence and Human Rights. Ottawa Public Library Auditorium, 120 Metcalfe St. 6:30pm.
THURS oCT 4 GATHERING: Families of Sisters in Spirit Vigil. 10am. RALLY: Take Back the Night. Parliament Hill. 6:15pm.
fri oCT 5 GATHERING: Families of Sisters in Spirit Vigil. 10am. MUSIC: O-Town Hoedown. Irene’s Pub, 885 Bank St. FriSat. 9pm.
gonquin First Nation. Sharbot Lake. TALK: What Next for Afghanistan? Bronson Centre, 211 Bronson Ave. 6:30pm.
tues oct 9 CONFERENCE: Improving Endangered Species Conservation. Desmarais Pavilion, U of Ottawa. 2 days. WORKSHOP: Rights and Obligations in the Workplace. 251 Morisset Hall, U of Ottawa. 11:30am. TALK: Leo Panitch: “American Crisis/Global Crisis”. 342 Tory Bldg, Carleton University. 6pm. SOCIAL: (Dis)ability - Movie and Popcorn. Centre for Students with Disabilities. 215 UCU, U of Ottawa. 6pm.
wed oct 10 WORKSHOP: Legal Advice Drop-in Clinic. Centretown Community Health Centre, 420 Cooper St. 9am.
SAT oct 13 BENEFIT CONCERT: Gaza’s Ark. David Rovics and Three Little Birds. Tix available at OPIRG-Carleton and Octopus Books. Alumni Auditorium, U of Ottawa. 7pm. PUNK ROCK: D.O.A. $15. Zaphod Beeblebrox. 8pm.
tues oct 16 WORLD FOOD DAY
THURS oct 18 FILMS: Reel Food Film Festival. Rebecca’s Wild Farm and Seeds of Freedom. Ottawa Public Library Auditorium, 120 Metcalfe St. 6:30pm.
oct 26-29 POWERSHIFT
SAT OCT 6 CALL FOR PAPERS: Gathering Knowledge Community Symposium. Keynote by Bonita Lawrence. Hosted by Ardoch Al-
nov 8-10 CONFERENCE: Right to Exist, Right to Resist! ilps-canada.ca. Toronto.