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CONTENT 18 let’s talk
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RESERVE YOUR PAGES NOW! Let’s Talk Bostons 2017 - The publisher is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts, images, photographs or other materials. By accepting and publishing advertising the publisher in no way recommends, guarantees or endorses the quality of the services of products within those advertisments. The information contained in this online and print magazine is for general information purpose only. The information is provided by us and our collaborators, and while every efford is made to provide information which is both current and correct, we make no representations on warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliavility, suitability or availability with respect to the online magazine or the information, products, services or related graphics contained within the online magazine for any purpose. Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk. In no event will Let’s Talk Bostons be liable for any loss or damage including without limitation, indirect or consequential loos or damage, or any loss or damage whatsoever arising for loss of data or profits arising out of, or in connection with, the use of this online and print magazine.
18 let’s talk INTERVIEW
JOYCE DAVIS DAVANe BOSTON TERRIERS
32 let’s talk DETAILS
to show or not to show? BY Pamela Preston
40 let’s talk SHOWING
BTCA National Specialty 2017
52 let’s talk HEALTH 60 let’s talk HEALTH
Gastroesophageal Reflux in Bostons by maryanne mack dvm
let’s talk colostrum by constantinos andreou dvm
68 let’s talk OUTSTANDING the fabulous story of marie stahmer & bostons
INTRODUCTIONS Hi Boston Terrier peeps! And welcome to the 14th edition of LET’S TALK BOSTONS, your #1 source for Boston Terriers! We had so much fun putting this edition together for you. This is our post BTCA National edition, so you will see our coverage from the week in Vegas. Our interview this edition is with the breeder Joyce Davis from the kennel Davane. She has bred over 70 AKC Champions and is a great source of knowledge. We also have a great article on lactation and colostrum, so don’t forget to check that out. Don’t forget that no matter if you are online or on the go, you can find a copy of our magazine to browse. You can connect to our website, www.LetsTalkBostons.com and read any of our issues on your computer or tablet. Or you can order a print copy from us straight through our website.
Our next issue will be out around the Fall, so if you would like to be seen, don’t forget to reserve your ad space with Fernanda at ads@LetsTalkBostons.com See you guys soon! Love from...
Fernanda Barlow & Vivianne Mello Let’s Talk Bostons Team
LET’S TALK BOSTONS Creative Director Vivianne Mello info@LetsTalkBostons.com
Advertising Director Fernanda Barlow
Collaborators Constantinos Andreou DVM Joyce Davis Marie Stahmer Maryanne Mack DVM
Photography Fernanda Barlow Inferior Silesia Svenja Vonostrowski
Send us a message! info@LetsTalkBostons.com www.LetsTalkBostons.com facebook.com/LetsTalkBostons
PICTURE BY: svenja vonostrowski www.boston-bandito.de
LET’S TALK advertisers CYPRUS ANDREOU, Constantinos (ONIRAMA) ......................... 36, 37 GERMANY MUNCH, Corina (HESSENVILLA) ............................. 66, 67 GREECE ASPROMATIS, Valisis (HECUBA) .............................. 62, 63
photo by Inferior Silesia
CLUBS Hawkeye Boston Terrier Club ..................................... 59 Sierra Gold Boston Terrrier Club ........................... 50, 51
UNITED STATES ALLEMAN, Patty (TALAVERAS) ................................ 28 AYER, Sandra (AYER OF MAGIC) ....................................... 07 BOE, Valerie (BOE) ............................................ 72, 73 CAMPBELL, Danielle (CAMPBELL CLAN) ................... 07 CHRISMAN, Sam (HI-SOCIETY) ................................ 14-17 DAVIS, Cindy ........................................................ 14-17 DUNNING, Helen (HOOLIGAN) ........................... 30, 31 ESHELMAN, Brandi .................................................... 29 FERRERO, Dolores (DELPHI) ................................... 34. 35 FISH, Marshan (NAUGHTY NORTENO) ....................... 34 FISHER, Lauren ................................................... 66, 67 FLORA, John (DELPHI) ....................................... 34, 35 GRAVES, Kathryn (KATBIRD) .................................. 38, 39 HOWARD Chad (CHASELAND) ................................ 08, 09 JACKSON, Peggy (PEJA) ........................................ 56-58 KENNEDY Vicki & Sarah (KENNEDY’S) ............. 46, 47 LIPPERT, Marlene (COCOLAMUS) ...................... 28, 29 MACK, Maryanne (sidestreet) ............................. Cover MOORE, Jill (JINGLE) ............................................ 38, 39 MURTEY, Mary ................................................ 48, 49 POW, Terence (PRESSINGHAM FARM) ........................ 10-13 PRESTON, Pamela (CHRIMASO) ........................... 64, 65 QUINLAN, Grace (QUINLAN) ................................ 46, 47 ROBERTS, Suzanne (SUZE) ............................. 56-58 SMITH, Kathryn (PERENNIAL) ..................................... 54, 55 SINDT, Sheryl & Curt (HIFLYN) .......................... 24-26 STARR Tina (IVYLANE) ............................................ 74 STEWART, Jeanne (PRESSINGHAM FARM) ........... 10-13 SULZBERGER, Elizabeth ............................................. 28
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Did you have a mentor when you started out? What was the most valuable lesson you learned from you mentor? Yes, we had mentors, but not Boston Terrier mentors in 1979-1980. Our mentors taught us grooming and presentation. There weren’t any seasoned Boston Terrier breeders in our area. Remember there was no internet at that time. Collecting many books as were available to us regarding Boston Terriers, breeding show dogs, the AKC reference books, and general books on movement and structure.
Which Bostons have made the biggest impression on you since you started in the breed? There were many, GCH Sabe’s Simply Invincible, Ch. Zodiac’s Special Beau, Ch. El-Bo’s Rudy is a Dandy, Some of the Sage N Sand dogs, Ch. Staley’s El-Bo’s Showman, and GCH Gunther’s Gussied Up Edna. George Rood had a nice dog – Ch. Nez Pousse’s Wright Choice.
Tell us a little about the breed scene from back when you started out. Do you see a difference in quality?
Ch Davane The Way You Make Me Feel in Lancaster, PA in 2015. JYNX was the BTCA Reserve Winners Dog that year. He was our 70th homebred champion in 2017. Co-owned with Janene Stitt and Chris Bohon.
Interview with Joyce Davis Davane Kennels, USA
Joyce Davis has quite a history with the Boston Terrier breed. Having bred more than 70 AKC Champions and over 15 AKC Grand Champions, she has certainly put her mark in the modern Boston Terrier history. We had the opportunity to learn more about Joyce and her lovely Davane Boston Terriers. Sit back and enjoy the read!
The quality varied over the years. We had to travel several hours to see some of the better representations. The Detroit, Michigan area had some of the best dogs at that time. Mira Jilbert was President of the Detroit BT Club at that time and for many years to follow. Going to that independent specialty was compared to a mini version of the national show. She and here members put on a first class show with all the bells and whistles. We continue the tradition of attempting to enter that club’s specialty every year. a wonderful group of people.
What made you choose the breed? In the late 1970’s, Tom and I had decided to purchase a Bulldog. We had our name on a list for an expected litter. We always watched Bulldog judging at the all-breed shows. As we all know, Boston Terriers are usually judged by the same judge in the same ring following or preceding Bulldog judging.... Guess what?? We FELL IN LOVE with the little tuxedo dog!
Did you have a history with another breed before? Yes, Great Danes. We have, also, owned American Staffordshire Terriers and Bull Terriers. We currently own two Pharaoh Hounds and one Ibizan Hound.
Do you consider that the Bostons coming from the bloodlines you had when you had as foundation to your breeding program would still be competitive in the ring today? Yes.
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Let’s Talk INTERVIEW - Joyce Davis - DAVANE Kennel
boston terriers were very popular in the 1930’s and 1940’s. it was not unusual to see good breeding kennels with 100 dogs. Being the boston a “head breed”, do you believe that more focus should have been given in the standard to other aspects such movement? I believe there IS focus on definition of movement. The BTCA Power Point presentation gives very detailed illustrations and references to the correct Boston Terrier movement.
What dog from all times do you think that have made the most impact in our breed in a positive way?
GCH Davane She’s A Bad Mama Jama - “Jamme” owners: Tom & Joyce Davis
What difficulties did you have when you were first starting our to put together your breeding program? Finding local breeder mentors. Remember that 37 years ago, there was no social media, computers, or the world wide web. All communication was via telephone (land lines) and U.S. Postal mail. Phone calls were pricey when most calls were long distance.
Of course, without a doubt, GCH Sabe’s Simply Invincible (Vinny), bred by Sharon Saberton. Vinny has been the ambassador for the Boston Terrier in the 21st century. He is reintroducing and reminding the dog world of the wonderful virtues of the original “Made in America” purebred dog. Boston Terriers were very popular in the 1930’s and 1940’s. It wasn’t unusual to see good breeding kennels with 100 dogs. There were large numbers of Boston Terriers entered at the all-breed shows back then.
Which dogs bred by you are closer to your ideal type? Ch. Davane-Dunhoff Shameless, CH. Davane-Dunhoff City Slicker, Ch. Davane Dangerous, Ch. Davane Dunhoff Bart Simpson, Ch. Davane-Dunhoff Grammy Award, Ch. DavaneDunhoff Greatest Hit, Ch. Davane-Dunhoff In your Dreams. GCH Davane The Family Jewels, GCH Davane Ultimate Craving, GCH. Davane Remember Me, GCH. Davane-Trader Irresistible Me, and GCH. Davane Happy Me
Do you believe that the length of the “nose” detracts from the breed’s signature expression? Not if it falls within the guidelines as described in the AKC Standard.
The standard says that when all dogs are equally good, the brindle should win. When judging, what importance do you place in color and size? I love the brindle color pattern. As the standard says, “If all else is equal, brindle is preferred”. I have no preference to size as long as the the dog portrays balance. Ch Davane-Dunhoff Grammy Award owners: Joyce & Tom Davis & Elaine Dunhoff
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Let’s Talk INTERVIEW - Joyce Davis
If you had a chance to suggest something to be changed in our standard, what would it be? I feel we should think about allowing docked tails simply for this reason: I feel (as a breeder) that we are breeding a deformity that affects the health of the spine / vertebrae for the Boston Terrier. If we bred for a longer tail and then docked it to the desirable length, then we we would possibly eliminate the hemi-vertebrae that is very common in Boston Terriers. Let’s address the elephant in the room, please. There are breeders that are docking tails, without a doubt!! I have never docked a tail and you will see my dogs with some length of tail, but within the AKC standard.
Are you satisfied with the current Boston Terrier AKC Standard, or would you personally change it in any way?
CH Davane-Dunhoff City Slicker Owners: Tom & Joyce Davis & Elaine Dunhoff
We need to get the color definition back to the previous AKC Standard where the disqualification read “Black and tan; liver; and mouse colors”. If that statement was in our current standard, we wouldn’t need to address the blues and diluted colors”. We would, of course need to mention the solid red and white to be a disqualification, also.
For you, what importance is it for a Boston Terrier to have a clean coat free of ticking? It is important, but I wouldn’t call it a serious fault.
Ch Davane-Dunhoff Bart Simpson, ROM (Tom & Joyce Davis & Elaine Dunhoff)
Ch Davane Dangerous, ROM
How do you choose a stud dog to your bitches? When planning a breeding, do you place more importance in type or in pedigree? I prefer line breeding. To define: Breeding dogs with common dogs in the pedigree. At times I felt that I needed a dog outside of my bloodlines (not related) to improve the quality of my dogs. For example, a few years ago, I felt my dogs were becoming too small and light on bone. I acquired a beautiful boy, CH. Davane-Trader This Is It (Mikey), from Gail Brewer, by way of Byron Elder. Gail is very honest and ethical. She has learned well from her mentors. I have been very pleased with this addition to my kennel. I was, also, very fortunate and blessed that Peggy Jackson entrusted me with CH Davane Peja Who’s Your Daddy, better known as TJ.
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BISS CH Davane-Dunhoff Shameless owners: Joyce and Tom Davis and the late Elaine Dunhoff)
Let’s Talk INTERVIEW - Joyce Davis - DAVANE Kennel
we need to get the color definition back to the previous AKC STANDARD WHERE THE DISQUALIFICATION READ “BLACK AND TAN; LIVER; AND MOUSE COLORS”.
What has been the biggest honor or achievement in your breeding life? The biggest honor (so far) was judging the 2016 BTCA Sweepstakes in Baton Rouge, LA. The biggest achievement was breeding my 70th AKC Champion in 2017.
If you could breed to any dog in USA or outside USA, which dog would it be? Currently, I am watching Loretta Dolan’s, GCH Loredo’s Purple Rain. I really want to see what he will be producing. I, also, like what I see out of Tina Starr”s GCH Kennedy’s Bumble Bee.
What is your process to evaluate a puppy for it’s show potential? I just sit and observe these puppies from the day they are born. Nothing gets accomplished in the house with a litter of puppies!
Ch Davane-Dunhoff Shameless (owners: Joyce and Tom Davis and the late Elaine Dunhoff)
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Let’s Talk INTERVIEW - Joyce Davis
In your years of breeding, what have been your favorite litter so far? One of my most recent litters. Sire is CH. Davane-Trader This Is It. Dam is Ch. Davane-Dunhoff Prodigy. 2 males/ 2 bitches whelped 3/18/15. 3 out of 4 are finished (CH Davane man In The Mirror, CH Davane El’s King of Pop, GCH Davane She’s A Bad Mama Jama. Davane I’ve Got The World On A String is close to finishing.
What is a trait you would like to improve upon in your current breeding program? A few of my dogs have too much white in the eyes. Several years ago, I purchased CH. Davane Peja Who’s Your Daddy from Peggy Jackson. He gave me beautiful eyes and helped improve this fault is most of my dogs.
GCH Davane Remember Me owners: Susan Fithian, Joyce & Tom Davis
If you could recreate a clone of just one of your dogs in the past, who would it be and why? CH Davane-Dunhoff Shameless. “Shana” was a beautiful bitch. I waited too long too breed her and she never was able to conceive. Unfortunately, sometimes when you are campaigning a bitch this sometimes occurs.
What dog/bitch not from your lines that you wish you could have? Off the top of my head is of course, Sharon Saberton’s Vinny, Maryanne Mack’s GCH Sidestreet State of Grace, I also, loved Kathryn Grave’s CH Katbird’s Brilliant Constellation. I absolutely, LOVED my Best In Sweepstakes choice in Baton Rouge, Quinlan N Kennedy’s Tumbleweed owned by Vicki & Sarah Kennedy, also Brook Nugent’s GCH Gunther’s Gussied Up Edna.
GCH Davane-Trader Irresistible Me owners: Joyce Davis & Linda Trader
What is a fault that you feel is difficult to correct or get rid of when breeding? Poorly structured rear ends and flat/splayed feet.
What do you think is the signature look of your lines? Good movement, nice length of neck, small compact feet, correct fronts.
AKC has been known to discourage people from sustaining Co-Ownership. What are your thoughts about it? Know the people you are co-owning with. Contracts mean NOTHING when dealing with an unscrupulous co-owner.
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CH Davane-Dunhoff In Your Dreams - “paris”
Let’s Talk INTERVIEW - Joyce Davis - DAVANE Kennel
CH Davane Peja Who’s your Daddy - “TJ” Owner: Tom & Joyce Davis / breeder: Peggy Jackson
We know that success attracts a lot of gossip and it is no secret that you have bred some of the most desired Bostons in the World. What are some of the funniest things you have heard about yourself? GCH Davane Happy Me owners: Susan Fithian and Tom and Joyce Davis
This is a good one... Back in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s , a woman competitor came to the conclusion as to why our dogs were consistently winning in the classes. The trend of dresses were the belted shirt dresses with the large skirts. They usually had pockets and were great for showing dogs. Her observation was, that I showed in the bred-byexhibitor class so that my entry would be in the middle between the open class and the puppy class in the “Winners Circle’. She said I purposely flared out my skirt which, consequently, hid the class dog/bitch in front of me and the class dog/bitch behind me in line. The judge could only see my dog in the lineup and that was the only reason that I/my dog won!!! I CAN’T MAKE THIS UP FOLKS!!!
Do you believe health testing should be enforced by the club or encouraged by fellow breeders? I can only speak for myself. I do health testing with many pages of documentation in the OFA database. Shame on the breeders who don’t health test! It would be difficult to police the breeder community.
What emphasis do you feel health testing plays in our breed? I feel it is very important to know what health clearance and challenges you may have to work with in your breeding program.
GCH Davane Ultimate Craving owners: Billie-Jo & Adam Edwards and Joyce & Tom Davis
I MUST STRESS it is very important to submit your health testing results (good or bad) to the OFA database. I have been very disappointed on too many occasions to hear a breeder say, “I can’t afford to submit my test results to the database” or “I keep good records of my health test results”. The tests are more expensive than the database submission. BAER: one time fee; PATELLAS: first submission: $15.00/ therafter... FREE; EYE CERTIFICATION: $12.00/ resubmit $8.00. better rates at Health Fairs where multiple testing is being performed. better rates for litter submissions. No fee for submitting abnormal results. When you and I have departed this world, do you think your heirs or executors care about your “dog paperwork”? A very respected breeder and former BTCA Secretary, Nancy Washburn, had a library of paperwork, correspondence, and literature on the Boston Terrier. Do you know what her family did with those treasures??? one word: DUMPSTER!
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DETAILS To Show or Not To Show... by Pamela Preston
ow, THAT is the question! With the ever increasing costs to show including all the expenses associated with showing, should we consider restricting (or avoiding altogether) our show activities? There are more and more cluster shows forming, which potentially increases our cash outlay, but does it increase our chances of winning more often?
Let’s take a look at the daily recurring cost to show our dogs for a moment (these prices are based on average costs in Northern California): Entry Fee: $ 30.00 (in NoCal, this generally ranges from $25 - $35) Parking: $ 7.00 (in NoCal, this can be as high as $12/day) Gas: $ 30.00 ($3.00/gal, 20mpg, 200 miles roundtrip) Lunch/Drinks: $ 15.00 Daily Total: $ 82.00 The above costs don’t include some expenses such as tolls of $5 - $10 (many of us have them...), win photos (in NoCal, they run about $35-$45 each), hotel, dinner/breakfast during overnight stays, handler fees, or supplies associated with grooming and training. Also, non-recurring fees such as the cost for show leads, collars, carts, show outfits/suits, etc., are not included either. Now, multiply that by 2 or 3 or 4 days and the costs quickly soar out of sight ($160 - $300+ per weekend/cluster)!!! While we know our dog showing hobby is expensive, it’s no different than other hobbies, most of which are also expensive – playing golf, attending events (sports, concerts, ballet, theater, etc.) – none of them are cheap, so you have to determine if “playing the game” is worth the expense to you. To me, it is well worth the cost.
PICTURE BY: svenja vonostrowski www.boston-bandito.de
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...should we consider restricting (or avoiding altogether) our show activities?
There are so many benefits we can get from this sport we call dog showing. To name just a few, we get to: - Make friends with common interests and visit them frequently at shows - Learn about other breeds - Acquire grooming and handling tips from other exhibitors (and even professional handlers) - Mentor newcomers to the sports - Gather knowledge from “old-timers” not only in my breed, but others as well - Share the joy of winning, whether it is mine or that of my friends - Be an example of a good sport whether losing or winning - Visit vendors and find new treasures - Play and bond, one-on-one, with our dog(s) - Read great articles in several dog magazines (and look at the beautiful ads) - Get some extra exercise that we wouldn’t normally get (I usually far exceed 10,000 steps at every show) What price can we put on those things? And as the list above indicates, there’s so much more to showing than JUST showing. We may be in the ring just a few minutes, but we spend hours at the show (whether we take home the Best of Breed ribbon or no ribbon at all). Why? Because the time spent at the show, with our friends and dogs, is priceless, joyful, and, in many cases, satisfying deep within our souls. If the cost exceeds your budget, but you still enjoy shows, there are many opportunities to volunteer, work, and get involved in other ways as well. Do you want to learn to ring steward? Most clubs would be thrilled to have you steward and they are willing to train you and even let you shadow an experienced steward to help you along. This is also a great opportunity to earn a little extra money and learn AKC rules and regulations with which you may not be aware, as well as
meeting new judges and observing their ring procedures and judging techniques. Or perhaps you’d like to join a dog club and head up a committee. Little to no cost is involved and you can use your talents to participate in the dog world. And don’t forget to factor into the equation that having a hobby (and pets) has been proven to be healthier for us. People with hobbies (and pets) live longer, happier, healthier lives. Perhaps because we are more active (both mentally and physically) and get more exercise, or perhaps because we are simply enjoying life more. I don’t know about you, but I’ll take the expense of showing/ exhibiting (and breeding - but that’s a topic for another day…) any day. The personal benefit I get from showing far outweighs the financial cost. Hopefully, that is the case for all of us! Until next time…
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Boston Terrier Club of America National Specialty 2017 April 2017 - Las Vegas, NV - USA Pictures by Fernanda Barlow for Let’s Talk Bostons Magazine
BTCA National Specialty 2017 Judged by Mr. Michael Staley Best of Breed GCH SABE’S SIMPLY INVINCIBLE sire - GCH Candar’s Fame Monster dam - Sabe’s Simply Scrumptious Best of Winners & Winners Bitch COOL CHAMPAGNE KISSES Best of Opposite Sex GCH MARTINI’S STARS & STRIPES Winners Dog dorkay’s valentino Select Dog GCH KEN’S ALL PUFF NO GIVE Select Bitch CH PEJA-SUZE WOODY’S 1ST ROUNDUP BYTEALCREST Awards of Merit GCH LOREDO’S PURPLE RAIN GCH OUI’S MIDNIGHT MAVERICK GCH SIDESTREET STATE OF GRACE GCH HOOLIGANS DIMESTORE DOLLY GCH LOCHLAN’S ROCK ME AMADEUS HESSENVILLA’S X’S N O’S GCH PERENNIAL’S MAGICAL FRUIT CH DELMIST & TARA’S MARBEELOUS MARTIN GCHS CANDAR’S THIS GIRL IS ON FIRE CH GOLDEN’S EMERALD ISLE Reserve Winners Dog PRESSINGHAM FARM’S IRISH WHISPER Reserve Winners Bitch TARA OAKS YOU ONLY LIVE ONCE AT CHRIMASO
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Sweepstakes Judged by Mrs. Linda Alexander Best Senior & Best in Sweepstakes MACKENDRICK IT’S THE WOW FACTOR Best Junior & Best of Opposite OUI’S ROYAL SPELL OF THE IMPERIAL PIXIE DUST Futurity Judged by Mrs. Georgann Mathis Grand Prize CH DELMIST & TARA’S MARBEELOUS MARTIN Best of Opposite OUI’S ROYAL SPELL OF THE IMPERIAL PIXIE DUST Boston Terrier of The Year Judged by Mr. Steven Webb Winner GCH SABE’S SIMPLY INVINCIBLE 1st Runner Up GCH LOREDO’S PURPLE RAIN 2nd Runner Up GCHB EVIEDOBEE’S ENVY OF ALL AT OUI
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Judging the BTCA Boston of The Year 2017: A few words from Judge Mr. Steven Webb (UK)
ell, where do I begin? Firstly I would like to take this opportunity to say thank you to everyone who made us feel so welcome at the show. And also a thank you to both the committees for putting on two fantastic run shows, the Golden Gate & the National Specialty. And, of course, the wonderful Boston Terriers. It was my first visit to America so you could imagine I was a little apprehensive. But my fears where all dashed at the shows. It was a honour for me to be asked to judge the Boston Terrier of the year-along with the three other judges. All 20 were of the highest standards and entered the ring one by one gracefully with their owners handlers. Exhibitors had traveled from across America, Canada, South America, Africa, Asia and Europe. The Bostons were all well porportioned, well balanced with good bone, all with super square heads, with correct small ear set placed beautifuly on the corner of the skull with a nice dark round eye, and an alert expression. I noticed nice tight cat type feet. Movement too was of the highest standard. The exhibitors presented their dogs again to the highest standard and also had a lovely smile too, which I thought was nice to see. I also noted great sportsmanship between the exhibitors as everyone was encouraging each other while trying to do their best. So a big well done to everyone who was present and the people who were just watching. Also, while I was there I was invited to participate on the breed seminar and it was nice to see how Mr. & Mrs. Staley presented the seminar with help from others, which I enjoyed very much and came away learning something new on our breed. It went into more detail than our seminars in the UK and explained all very clearly. We also were mentored the next day at the show which in my opinion was very good. We talked about the dogs that were present in the ring and asked to explain about them. It was a pleasure to meet everyone at the shows and at the banquet after the shows. We look forward to attend Denver next year. Kind regards,
Mr. Steven Webb
Vice Chairman - Northern BT Club of England.
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Puppy Viability? Let’s talk Colostrum
by Dr Constantinos Andreou D.V.M, GPCert(SAS) - Onirama Kennel
he neonatal period is a major risk period in the dog, since approximately 20% of live-born puppies die before they are 21 days old, 70% of deaths are in the first week post-partum. Puppy survival within the early weeks is particularly dependent on colostrum, a specific secretion of the mammary gland produced during the first two days post-partum. The risk of neonatal mortality depends on two factors: the quality of the transfer of passive immunity (evaluated by circulating IgG levels at 2 days of age) and the growth of the puppy between birth and 2 days old. COLOSTRUM FORMATION AND COMPOSITION Colostrum is the first mammary secretion produced after delivery (and is occasionally present before parturition), with the transition to milk occurring between day two and three of lactation. The actual quantity of colostrum produced by a lactating bitch is unknown. During gestation, the mammary tissue develops under the influence of estrogens and progesterone, and secretion – induced by prolactin – is only possible when progesterone levels drop.
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CORRECT TIMING For passive immunity to be acquired, puppies must receive colostrum within the first eight hours of life. This time frame is critical for two reasons: • Firstly, colostral IgG decreases rapidly in the first few hours post-partum. • Secondly, the rapid closure of the intestinal barrier, this is the point which macromolecules (including IgG) can no longer cross the intestinal wall to enter the bloodstream.
puppies need to receive colostrum within the first eight hours of life. Days of Lactation 1
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT Puppies have low reserves of adipose tissue at birth, and have limited glycogenolysis ability. The early energy supply from colostrum is therefore indispensable; growth is only possible if the energy supplied exceeds the puppy’s maintenance requirements. The energy value of colostrum is at least 20% greater than milk, although the energy content can vary between dams. In addition to growth, colostrum is also involved in the development and maturation of certain organs, in particular the digestive tract. This is linked to colostral hormones and growth factors.
result of premature birth, cesarean section, endotoxemia or malnutrition, but it is most commonly due to post-partum stress, particularly in primiparous females. A quiet, calm area should always be provided at whelping, and in some cases medication may be recommended for anxious dams to encourage colostrum production. CONCLUSION
INDUCTION OF COLOSTRUM PRODUCTION AND RELEASE
Canine colostrum is a secretion with a very particular composition designed to meet a puppy’s specific needs – namely, provision of passive immunity, energy and certain factors required for organ growth and differentiation. The quantity of colostrum received may be a limiting factor in the survival of certain puppies of a litter, whilst the impact of maternal nutrition on the quantity and quality of colostrum produced remains to be explored.
Sometimes a dam produces little or no colostrum at birth or immediately post-partum. This agalactia may be as a
Thank you for reading, Dr. Constantinos Andreou DVM, GPCert (SAS)
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Gastroesophageal Reflux in Boston Terriers by Dr. Maryanne Mack, DVM
ROSA PAHOR PHOTOGRAPHY
rachycephalic breeds are prone to a myriad of health issues by the very nature of their conformation; we all understand and accept this as breeders, owners, and exhibitors of these dogs. The extent to which a dog is affected by the components of brachycephalic airway syndrome runs along a spectrum from very minimally to very severely affected. The common components of brachycephalic airway syndrome are; stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, everted laryngeal saccules, hypoplastic trachea, hiatal hernia and chronic gastroesophageal reflux. One of the lesser discussed and recognized conditions is the latter; gastroesophageal reflux (GER).
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GER is defined in dogs the same as it is in humans; there is a back flow (reflux) of stomach contents/acid into the esophagus from the stomach. Dogs that are mildly affected with GER are said to have “silent regurgitation” where the stomach contents reflux into the esophagus partway, but never completely out of the mouth or nose of the dog. These dogs often show few clinical signs, but usually have a waxing and waning appetite or are difficult to keep weight on. More affected dogs can have episodes of regurgitation where the contents are expelled from the mouth or nose. It is important to distinguish regurgitation from vomiting; regurgitation is a passive action that does not involve any abdominal effort and seems to happen with no prior warning. Some of these episodes can be quite severe and lead to respiratory distress and even collapse if the airway is occluded. A dangerous sequelae of regurgitation is aspiration pneumonia, where the stomach contents are inhaled into the trachea and lungs.
In neonatal brachycephalic dogs such as Bostons, aspiration pneumonia is often seen secondary to regurgitation of milk out the nose and mouth during nursing. Much of this is due to facial conformation, over zealous eating, and rapid let down of milk by the bitch. However, in some puppies, this is a sign of a more serious conformational issue. The most common cause of GER in non-brachycephalic dogs (and humans) is a lower esophageal sphincter dysfunction. This leads to chronic but mild regurgitation which can be managed with a proton pump inhibitor medication such as omeprazole and a bland diet. Less commonly, GER can be secondary to medications, toxic exposure, and stress. In brachycephalic dogs, GER is more complicated to diagnose and to control. The components of brachycephalic airway syndrome further rostral (towards the head) are a huge contributor to GER. There is a high negative intrathoracic
nausea, and should be assumed in brachycephalic dogs with an affected airway. In puppies with chronic regurgitation, a vascular ring anomaly such as Persistent Right Aortic Arch should always be ruled out. Definitive diagnosis is done by performing an esophagram. During an esophagram, the awake dog is fed barium and fluoroscopy (a form of x-ray that takes multiple exposures to allow for a moving picture) is performed as the dog eats. This allows for the visualization of the food during swallowing and as it passes to the stomach. Often this is repeated in standing and sitting positions and with and without pressure on the abdomen. This allows for diagnosis of hiatal hernia, vascular ring anomalies, and silent regurgitation. Treatment of GER ranges depending on the severity of clinical signs. In mild cases, use of a probiotic, a bland and consistent diet, and daily proton pump inhibitor such as omeprazole is often enough to control signs. Other dogs may need the addition of a motility enhancer such as metoclopramide or an
Diagnosis of GER is often done based on clinical signs of regurgitation, poor appetite, cough, and chronic nausea. pressure in these dogs as they try to overcome the partial airway obstruction (caused by conformation). This leads to chronic GER, and in more severely affected dogs, the development of a sliding hiatal hernia. In this condition, the lower esophageal sphincter slides into the thoracic cavity and causes regurgitation. These dogs are very prone to episodes of aspiration pneumonia, esophageal ulcers, chronic nasal irritation, and episodes of collapse secondary to regurgitation. More mildly affected brachycephalic dogs may seem to just be a pickier eater than most and perhaps lick their lips or salivate more than is typical. Diagnosis of GER in the dog is often done based on clinical signs of regurgitation, poor appetite, cough, and chronic
anti-nausea medication such as maropitant. In severe cases, surgical correction is necessary. It is incredibly important in these cases to correct not only the hiatal hernia or vascular ring anomaly, but to correct any airway problems such as stenotic nares or elongated soft palate. Otherwise, the negative intrathoracic pressure caused by the airway abnormalities will lead to failure of the surgical repair and continued GER. Gastroesophageal reflux is an often overlooked, but very common, component of brachycephalic airway syndrome in dogs. Even a mild case of GER can be incredibly uncomfortable and distressing for the dog, and severe cases can be life threatening. It is critical that we, as stewards of the breed, pay attention to these conditions as we raise and breed our dogs.
About the Author Maryanne R. Mack DVM of Sidestreet Kennel is an avid Boston Terrier and Pug lover, breeder, and exhibitor who has made breeding healthy, sound dogs her passion. A graduate of the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, she lives on a small farm in Granby, MA where she also retrains off the track thoroughbred horses for their second career as jumpers and event horses.
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Marie Stahmer and Boston Terriers: America’s Gentleman
meets America’s Sweetheart
arie started working with dogs when she was 9. Our family owned, trained and showed German Shepherds. We would attend training at a GSD kennel every Saturday and it wasn’t very long before Marie was helping the kennel owner train and care for GSD puppies.
Every year, our GSD club would compete at the IKC Dog Show in Chicago. While we were at the show in 2008, Marie saw the kids competing in Junior Showmanship and wanted join. She also participated in the Junior Judging competition and placed 3rd in a group of over 20 children of all ages.
Marie’s first show dog was our 100 pound GSD, Maurice Vom Haus Schwerzel. I think Marie weighed 70 pounds soaking wet. She won her class that day and as the Judge said, the smallest Handler with the biggest dog. I should also note that it was 100 degrees that day and the ring had no shade.
We wanted to support Marie’s passion to show in AKC Juniors, but we knew that Maurice was too big. Luckily, one of the girls working at the GSD kennel (Jess Pearson), was a former Junior and she still had her Junior dog, Lindsey. Marie and Lindsey worked together for many months and in August of 2009, Marie and Lindsey entered their first show, The Boston Terrier Club of Milwaukee Specialty. Marie and Lindsey were awarded Best Junior Handler from the Novice Junior class, that was the beginning of Marie’s love affair with Boston Terriers. Marie and Lindsey continued to show and do well. Marie and Lindsey’s first competition in the Open Junior class was at the Louisville, KY show. There were ~20 kids in her class and they were awarded first place by Anne Catterson.
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and Drew. Marie and Drew were awarded the major on Saturday to finish his championship and then Marie and Homer were awarded the major on Sunday. The first nonBoston that Marie showed (again in 2010) and finished was Dutchess, a black Briard that was almost as big as Marie. There have been many since then of all different breeds and Marie has loved showing them all. These accomplishments are even more impressive when you add that this was done while attending one of the toughest high schools in the country (Henry M. Gunn High School). Marie was also a member of the Gunn Cheer squad and the Lacrosse Team. In her spare time she would volunteer with one of the local dog rescues. During the last three summers, when most kids are going to the beach, Marie worked as a full-time assistant to earn money for college. It was extremely hard work and she has learned to groom everything from a Norfolk Terrier to a Standard Poodle. Marie has now aged out of Junior Showmanship and Mojo has a little grey face and is retired. At the writing of this, Marie is 2 weeks away from High School graduation and only days away from starting college at Purdue University.
This was the first activity Marie had true passion for, so her Dad and I decided to get Marie a special present for her 11th Birthday, a 4 month old puppy named Mojo. Their bond was immediate. It hasn’t always been easy, trying to show a naughty puppy can be very challenging, especially when you are barely big enough to get him on the table. Marie and Mojo’s first show was in Greyslake, IL when Mojo was barely 6 months old. The first day Mojo was a WD and the next day Marie and Mojo went BOB from the classes. What an amazing start for the young team. Marie and Mojo grew up together in the show ring. Every time they went to a show they would be a little better, a little smoother, more of a team. Over the years, they have amassed numerous accomplishments: #1 Boston Terrier Junior Handler: 2010, 2011, 2012 & 2014 #1 Non-Sporting Junior Handler: 2012 & 2014 #1 Non-Sporting Junior Handler (National Championship Year): 2012 & 2016 2013 Westminster Kennel Club: BOS 2014 Harvest Moon Junior Classic: Best Junior in Cluster 2015 California Junior Handler of the Year: Awarded a $1250 scholarship In addition to showing in Junior Showmanship Marie has had the honor of showing several other dogs to their championships, in addition to showing and training her families Bostons. Dane and Jason were kind enough to let Marie show two of their Bostons in July of 2010, Homer
Marie is on the verge of starting the next chapter of her life, this is a very exciting time, Marie’s only sadness is that her precious Mojo can not go with her. He has been her faithful companion for the past 8 years, loving her unconditionally. But the confidence and work ethic Marie has obtained as a result of Mojo and dog shows has given Marie the skills she will need to be successful.
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