My dear friends of the Willwoods Community ministries: It has been ten years since we published our first issue of Pathways. In the Willwoods Daily Prayer, we ask Our Lord to place us at the service of the Holy Spirit. The issues over the past decade chronicle the changes and the many opportunities that we have had to do just that. Our ministries spread the Good News of Our Lord to many. Through WLAE and The Daily Mass, we reach not only people in the metropolitan area, but Catholics all over the world. The Faith and Marriage ministry works with married couples to enrich their marriage the way Our Lord intended it – as a sacrament. So many people now have a home of which they can be proud, thanks to our Affordable Housing ministry. Our Prayer Ministry brings the words of our Holy Father to us in the clearest of terms.
The purpose of publishing Pathways is to keep our friends and benefactors informed of our efforts. Without you, we would not be able to carry out our mission.
Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Baglow Sr. Myra Banquer, M.S.C. Mr. and Mrs. John D’Arcy Becker Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Caruso Rev. Thomas E. Chambers, C.S.C. Mr. and Mrs. John Charbonnet Mr. and Mrs. Phil Ezell Mrs. Joy Nalty Hodges Mr. Kenneth Martinez Mrs. Dennis McCloskey Very Rev. Neal W. McDermott, O.P. Mrs. Mathilde Nalty Mellon Rev. Msgr. Christopher H. Nalty Mr. and Mrs. Frank Nalty Mrs. Paul A. Nalty Mrs. Jennifer Nalty Polk Mrs. Leah Nalty Ralls Mr. and Mrs. J. Christopher Reyes Mr. and Mrs. Mark Rodi Dr. and Mrs. Frank E. Schmidt Mr. Henry Tatje, III Mr. Kenneth F. Tedesco Mr. Michael and Dr. Denice Derbes Vales Mr. and Mrs. Patrick Veters Mr. and Mrs. St. Denis Villere
It is with deep appreciation that I thank you for your support over the years. Know that you are remembered in my daily Mass. Ever devotedly in the Willwoods Community,
(Rev.) Thomas E. Chambers, C.S.C., Ph.D. President
Disqualified Person. The second question in excess benefit analysis is whether there is a “disqualified person.” Disqualified persons include: 1. Any person who was, at any time during the five-year period ending on the date of the transaction involved, in a position to exercise substantial influence over the affairs of the organization (whether such influence is formal or informal); 2. A family member of an individual in the preceding category; or 3. An entity in which individuals described in the preceding categories own more than a 35 percent interest.
Willwoods Prayer Breakfast 7:30 a.m. Metairie Country Club Speaker - TBA
Live / Silent Ayction 6:00 p.m. Henry Shane Cars of Yesteryears Museum
Those who perform the functions of voting members of the governing body, presidents, chief executive officers, chief operating officers, chief financial officers, and treasurers are all disqualified persons, regardless of title. And certain persons are deemed not to be disqualified persons. These “deemed non-disqualified persons” include 501(c)(3) and (c)(4) organizations and employees receiving economic benefits of less than a specific amount.
Excess Benefit Transaction. An “excess benefit transaction” is a transaction in which an economic benefit is provided by an applicable tax-exempt organization to or for the benefit of any disqualified person, if the value of the economic benefit provided by the exempt organization exceeds the value of the consideration (including performance of services) received for providing the benefit. Reasonable compensation paid to employees of the nonprofit organization is not considered an excess benefit.
Excess Benefit Transactions & Non-Profit Organizations As stated in the previous Pathways article on inurement, the prohibition on private inurement is absolute. In theory, even one dollar of private inurement could result in the loss of an organization’s tax exemption. Because of the harshness of the penalty, private inurement was infrequently invoked. This effectively meant that most inurement was not penalized.
Excess benefit transactions include more than just benefit provided to a disqualified person. Also included are benefits if provided to a non-disqualified person for the use of a disqualified person. This could occur, for example, when benefit is provided to an organization in which a disqualified person has a financial interest.
To address this enforcement deficiency, Congress enacted sanctions on “excess benefit transactions” under Code § 4958 in 1996. These rules parallel and overlap the private inurement rules and have become the primary focus on enforcement efforts. Code § 4958 imposes “intermediate sanctions” (i.e., a sanction that is less penal than full loss of exemption) for insubstantial inurement.
Penalties for Excess Benefit Transactions. Unlike the remedies for inurement and private benefit, which penalize the tax-exempt organization alone, intermediate sanction regime penalizes the disqualified person involved in the transaction. Organizational managers who participate in the transaction could also be liable.
How to Determine if There Has Been an Excess Benefit Transaction. Unlike the vague tests for inurement and private benefit, testing for excess benefit is fairly straightforward. The test requires three definitional inquiries: (1) is this organization an “applicable tax-exempt organization;” (2) is the person involved a “disqualified person;” and (3) is the transaction an “excess benefit transaction.” If the answer to all three questions is “yes,” then there has been an impermissible excess benefit.
Penalties on the Disqualified Person. A disqualified person is subject to an excise tax (called the “initial tax”) equal to 25 percent of the excess benefit. An additional tax in the amount of 200 percent of the excess benefit involved is imposed on the disqualified person if the initial tax was imposed and there was no correction within the taxable period. The “taxable period” is the period beginning on the date of the transaction and ending on the earliest date of either the date of mailing of a notice of deficiency as to the initial tax or the date on which the initial tax is assessed.
Applicable Tax-Exempt Organizations. The first question is whether the organization is an “applicable tax-exempt organization.” Applicable tax-exempt organization include only 501(c)(3) and (c)(4) organizations or organizations that were 501(c)(3) or (c)(4) organizations at any time within the five preceding years. For example, 501(c)(6) organizations are not subject to Code § 4958.
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Mary has been the Community Administrator for Courtyard Apartments for the last 4 years. Her greatest reward is dealing with people from all different walks of life and being able to provide quality housing at an affordable rate.
Wayne Mayeux Director of Affordable Housing
Holy Angels 33 units for elderly in New Orleans Community Administrator: Sister Joyce Hanks Sister Joyce has 14 years of property management experience. She has been the administrator at Holy Angels for the past 10 years. Her greatest reward is being able to provide the elderly with a safe environment and somewhere they can call home.
Willwoods Community Affordable Housing ministry’s goal is to make our apartment communities someone’s home, and a great place to live. We are not only affordable housing, but also a Christian community with a staff of devoted employees. We have 9 properties with a total of 996 units combined, all of which are maintained to the highest standard possible.
River Road Apartments 320 units for families in St. Rose Community Administrator: Joan Moore. Joan has 17 years of property management experience and has been at River Road for 11 years. Her greatest reward is seeing the resident’s satisfaction and also working with the dedicated staff that goes above and beyond to meet the needs of the residents.
William Edwards is the Director of Maintenance for Willwoods Community Affordable Housing. He has been a loyal employee for 7 years, and has over 16 years experience in multi- family housing. William oversees maintenance on all of our properties. He works daily with the Maintenance Technicians at each property to resolve any issues that may need his input. To ensure that maintenance issues are being handled properly and efficiently, he provides group training to the maintenance staff as well as one on one training if needed. William is very dedicated to his craft and continues to educate himself with the newest guidelines and procedures in the maintenance industry. He has been a huge asset to the Affordable Housing ministry and we are grateful to have him!
Rock Creek Apartments 160 units for families in Metairie Community Administrator: Tricia Budde Tricia has 14 years of property management experience. She has been at Rock Creek for 2 years. She finds her greatest reward is seeing positive results and happy residents. This makes her job the biggest reward of all!
Our Community Administrators serve at the following communities and share with us their greatest reward as Community Administrators.
Sherwood Court 27 units in LaPlace Community Administrator: Trenesa Antoine Trenesa has been at Sherwood Court since it was purchased 3 years ago. Her greatest reward is welcoming and showing new residents the joys and pleasures of residing at Willwoods Community properties.
Belle Pointe and Belle Terre 100 units for families in LaPlace Community Administrator: Trenesa Antoine Trenesa has 7 years of property management experience with Belle Pointe and Belle Terre being her first assignment as a Community Administrator. Her greatest reward is knowing that she makes a positive difference in someone else’s life.
Timber Ridge 152 units for families in New Orleans Community Administrator: JoAnn Robert JoAnn has been at Timber Ridge for the past 26 years. Her greatest reward is seeing the joy on parents and children’s faces when they enter their new home for the first time and being able to be a contributing member of society by giving a sense of security and stability to families in the local community.
Cascade Apartments 120 units for families in Metairie Community Administrator: Suzie Theriot Suzie Theriot has over 20 years experience in multi- family housing and has been the Community Administrator at Cascade for 1 year. Her greatest reward is enjoying her residents and keeping a happy and peaceful community.
In closing, I would like to thank the staff of the Affordable Housing Ministry for all of their hard work and efforts to administer their Christian principles and service to others. Our apartment communities are homes where God can reign and precious memories are made.
Courtyard Apartments 84 units for families in Gretna Community Administrator: Mary Foret
feature each school’s promotional video as well as copies of their Christmas greeting, Open House or Private Tour spot, Tuition Auction promo and 3-minute on-air interview from Tuition Auction night. During this delivery process we start signing up schools for the next auction. After a brief summer break, we start planning, scheduling and executing all of the productions from September through February for The First NBC Bank 2015 Tuition Auction. Big thanks go out to all of our employees at WLAE, LAE Productions and the Willwoods staff located at our main office and to the many volunteers that make this annual event a resounding success.
2014 First NBC Bank Tuition Auction Sets Record WLAE and LAE Productions’ biggest fundraiser of the year, The 2014 First NBC Bank Tuition Auction, set a new record for total funds raised by exceeding the $250k mark for the first time. With 40 schools participating, this year’s auction also drew a record number of phone calls during the six hour live broadcast. In addition to these two record breaking achievements, this was the first year that we allowed bidders the opportunity to register to pre-bid for a specific tuition. Through an extensive email, print, social media and televised promotional campaign, over 200 prospective bidders signed up to register their bid days before the actual bidding began. This increased promotional effort kept our phones busy all night. In fact, on a couple of occasions, our phone bank was completely overwhelmed with the response and our technicians had to press the reset button to get us back on course!
Our Year to Date Numbers: • • • •
Our visits 21,000+, a 10% increase over last year! Our unique visitors 10,000+, a 12% increase over last year! We have had visitors from 121 countries so far this year. Since launch, TheDailyMass.com has received over 369,000 visitors from 193 countries that have viewed over 1,041,000 pages.
As of April 2014
All in all, it was a great night. The First NBC Bank Tuition Auction has become a yearly event that culminates at the end of March. Started by Archbishop Hannan over 25 years ago, this event has consistently provided a large portion of the funds needed to support the overall operations of WLAE in our mission to educate, entertain and inform. Leading this effort is Helen Sigur, WLAE Development Director. Throughout the year, Helen is responsible for getting schools to sign up to participate in the auction as well as guiding each school through the process of finalizing their two-minute promotional video that we air on WLAE. In exchange for a number of promotional campaigns that we produce for each school, we are given a full year’s tuition to auction off. With the help of many great volunteers and an incredible staff at WLAE, LAE Productions and Willwoods Community, we are able to produce a full six hours of a live televised auction that is fully self-contained. The planning for this event usually begins in April, about a week after the previous auction ends. After we take a few days to gather our thoughts we then meet to evaluate all aspects of the auction night and discuss how we can make it better. Within a week of that meeting, we start delivering DVD copies to each school. The DVDs
1. Our Facebook following has exceeded 300 people. 2. Our new website is on schedule to be launched during Holy Week.
3. Jump Start with Jane daily subscription list continues to grow daily.
Thank you for your prayerful support of this ministry. We are expecting record growth in 2014. Thanks for being a part of that.
Willwoods Thirteenth Annual Gala was held on April 12, 2014 at the Metairie County Club. The recipients of the 2014 Servis Fidelis award was Sharon and Mark Rodi.
The Rodi Family
Rev. Msgr. Christopher and Jane Nalty, Father Chambers
John and Mary Jane Becker, Mark and Sharon Rodi, Susie and Pat Veters
Pat and Susie Veters Lisette Turpin, Mary Ann Valentino
Rev. Joe Palermo, Loretta Whyte, Marla Garvey
Ron and Dione Yager
Roselyn Boneno, Evans Schmidt, Judy Miranti Cheryl and Clinton Smith
Joe and Erin Caruso
Paulette and Rusty Renaudin, Peter and Marilyn Quirk
Stan and Robyn Popiolek, with son Alex
Ken Tedesco and Betty Landreaux
Charlie and Susie Diermann, Michael and Meryl Rooney
Rev. John Tomasovich, Sr. Myra Banquer, Gayle and Jimmie Gaubert
Buckner and Constance Barkley, Margie and Sandy Villere
Madeleine and Dr. Ray Garrity
Jason Olivier and Helen Sigur
Elise and Jason Angelette, Nailah Jones
Wayne Mayeux, Judyanne and Mark Coudrain
Jim and Janet Dotson, Tammy Cardinale
Matt Toups, Donna and Tommy Oâ€™Connor, Stanton McNeely
Ron and Glenda King
The Annual Rev. Tom Chambers Golf Classic was held on Saturday, April 5, 2014 at Timberlane Country Club. Despite some afternoon rain showers, all who participated had a great time in support of the Willwoods Community.
Lemoine Marine Refrigeration Joe Caruso, Erin Caruso, Father Tom, Ken Tedesco, Betty Landreaux
The Titan Group Kelli Nettles, Kathleen Kerr, Glenda King, Sherree Green, Tammy Cardinale, Lori Lombardo
William Edwards and Kenny Perschall
The Willwoods Community and WLAE-TV are participating in GiveNOLA Day – the community’s first online giving event hosted by the Greater New Orleans Foundation – on Tuesday, May 6th. Please support us by going online at www.givenola.org and your donation
WLAE Celebrates 30 years on the air! The year was 1984 and New Orleans was going global as the World’s Fair dominated the landscape on the riverfront. Our USFL team, the Breakers, gave hope of a winning professional football team in the city. And the local funk band the Radiators released the album Live at the Dream Palace. While these were all important happenings that year, another event caught the eye of locals. On July 8, 1984 the public television station WLAE, founded by Archbishop Philip Hannan and owned and operated by The Archdiocese of New Orleans, was launched. Promising content that was “Wholesome, Local, Alternative and Educational”, the first program on the schedule was the Daily Mass. Fast forward thirty years later…the World’s Fair was a financial disaster, the Breakers and USFL folded, the Radiators eventually broke up, but WLAE has survived and thrived.
dollars will receive a little lagniappe! If you haven’t done so, check out our website!
In 2014, WLAE is an award winning multi-platform media outlet producing and airing the highest quality public television programming. Over the last thirty years there have been many highlights including the coverage of the Visit of Pope John Paul II, producing the long running local medical series Health Call, the creation of the post Katrina series Road to Recovery, the national PBS documentary film Fats Domino: Walkin’ Back to New Orleans and the Emmy Award winning series Go Coast: Louisiana. Through it all, WLAE has remained true to our founding mission and continues to serve the viewers of Southeast Louisiana with television that educates, informs and inspires. There are many people who had a hand in getting WLAE to our “30 Year Anniversary” celebration. The names are too many to mention, but a heartfelt thank you to all involved for your hard work, creativity, passion and dedication. Congratulations to everyone in the WLAE family for helping us reach this milestone. What’s in store for the next thirty years? Only time will tell, but I hope that you all will keep watching. Happy Viewing!
watched the beatification Mass, and14 giant TV screens were set up for the event.
These canonizations will be different. There will be a sobriety to the occasion that befits the personal style of Pope Francis. The canonizations will be limited to the ceremony itself, although churches in Rome’s center have been instructed to remain open overnight before the canonization to give pilgrims a spiritual retreat. The canonization Mass is scheduled to begin at 10:00 am on the Sunday after Easter, which the church celebrates as Divine Mercy Sunday. Crowds of pilgrims will undoubtedly begin filling St. Peter’s Square early in the morning, and they will have an opportunity to participate in the recitation of the Divine Mercy chaplet, a series of prayers focusing on the gifts of God’s mercy.
Churches / Chapels in the New Orleans area that are open for perpetual adoration are, as follows: • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
According to Cardinal Agostino Vallini, the Vicar for Rome, the diocese is focusing on a spiritual preparation for the canonization of “two pontiffs, two bishops of Rome, who lived and experienced their faith, becoming messengers of the Gospel, but also of great humanity.”
Continued from page 2 To correct an excess benefit, the disqualified person must undo the excess benefit transaction to the extent possible and take all necessary steps to place the organization in no worse position than if the disqualified person had dealt property. This usually requires the disqualified person to make a payment in cash or cash equivalents (other than promissory notes) and/or return the property transferred in the excess benefit transaction to the applicable tax-exempt organization.
Ascension of Our Lord Holy Name of Jesus Our Lady of Divine Providence Our Lady of the Lake Our Lady of Perpetual Help, Kenner St. Benilde St. Catherine of Siena St. Charles Borromeo St. Clement of Rome St. Dominic St. Francis Xavier St. Margaret Mary St. Mark (Ama) St. Peter, Covington
The following parishes have limited hours. Please call each parish for their schedule. • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Penalties on Other Organizational Managers. If the tax is imposed on a disqualified person and no correction occurred during the taxable period, an organizational manager that participated in the transaction, knowing that it was an excess benefit transaction, is subject to an excess tax equal to 10 percent of the excess benefit, up to a maximum amount of $20,000 per transaction. The tax on the organization manager is not imposed, however, if participation in the transaction was not willful and was due to reasonable cause.
Good Shepherd (St. Stephen) Our Lady of Lourdes St Anthony of Padua St. Christopher Martyr St. Cletus St. Edward the Confessor St. Jane DeChantal, Abita St. John Bosco St. Luke the Evangelist St. Maria Goretti St. Michael’s, Bush St. Patrick’s St. Rita, Harahan
us to get there to see Him face to face and live eternally in His presence. There we can be made perfect in our holiness with Him.
So, for now, what can we expect? We can expect to strive, to fall, and to get up and try again. But that is up to us. We have to choose it. It is up to us as to how we strive, where our focus is in an effort to not stumble again. Where do we reach to get up again? He will be there to help us up. He is always there. He lives in our spouse, in our children, co-workers, leaders, in the faces of all those close to us, and in perfect strangers. But we must ask God for the grace to see it. Christ dwells in all of His creation, but most importantly in the people around us created in His image. Through the gift of our vocations, He gives us grace in each sacrament and the chance to love as Christ loves. He loves us enough that He chose to live among us and lay His life down for us. Our God is a father who wants nothing but the best for his children. That is what he asks. He asks us to “Follow God’s example, therefore, as dearly loved children” (Eph 5:1). We must imitate that love not just in our love for Christ, but in how we speak to, care for, forgive, seek forgiveness from, and pray for and with His children. That includes us all.
Perfectly Imperfect: God’s Call to Live a Holy Life “Therefore you are to be perfect as your Heavenly Father is perfect.” (MT 5:48) Christ’s divine words left both an inspiring and sometimes burdensome mark upon us. Perfection. That’s a tough one. As a frustrated people pleaser and perfectionist, the word “perfection” serves as both a motivator and my worst enemy. Does Christ expect true “perfection” from us? If you didn’t find yourself prone to mistakes and mishaps as a child, I’m sure adolescence, those roller coaster teenage years, college, adulthood, or better yet….marriage, may have been quite the awakening! Other than our Blessed Mother, neither you, your family members, or your spouse was given a miraculous gift by God to never slip and fall. Quite the challenge when not only attempting to follow the Lord’s call as spelled out in the previously mentioned verse on your own, or not to mention, when other people are involved in relationships. If I can’t get myself in control, how on Earth can I do this with another person?
In Philippians 3:12, it was said, “Not that I have already obtained all this, or have already arrived at my goal, but I press on to take hold of that for which Christ Jesus took hold of me.” He knows us better than we know ourselves and intends to be beside us in all that we do. He simply asks that we never give up in our imperfection. Allow him to be the perfect part of our imperfect lives. Allow him to be the perfect love in our marriage. Allow him to be the strength to get up again and seek to forgive and be forgiven. May we call upon grace (“God’s life within us”) to permeate our every move along our journey to Heaven.
Christ set out to create Eve for Adam not just to have someone to talk to. He could have babbled on to the animals or rambled to himself like most of us do! He created Eve so that together they can assist one another, grow together, love and be loved. God who is love, is perfect, and He alone. Through the ability to love and be loved, calling upon the graces from God’s perfect love, we can be fulfilled! That’s our taste of perfection, Christ’s life within us through grace. No, we cannot achieve absolute “perfection” in this life. But we can receive Christ (in his perfect power, wisdom, and grace) in the sacraments and in the love of another when Christ dwells at the center of each and every relationship (be it within our families, our friendships, or our vocations) and within our own personal devotions. He knows that we are sinners. He has seen us fall and has been there throughout our journey, with plans to be there in the journeys ahead. Perfection lies ahead in Heaven, the ultimate goal. He wants that for us. He wants
*As always, we invite all married couples to retreat with us away from our stumbling blocks and receive the grace to help you along your journey through the vocation of marriage.
Contact Jason Angelette (email@example.com or (504)830-3716) to join us on a retreat (dates listed below), or at our annual Supper & Substance.
things. In fact, the decision to place the canons concerning the lay faithful – the “People of God” – in the code prior to the canons concerning the hierarchy of the Church is itself significant. The new code goes further than any earlier canonical document in stating and defining the fundamental rights of all who belong to the Church. The laity have a right to evangelize, to offer advice to ecclesiastical superiors, to participate in the liturgical life of the church and to receive the sacraments. They have a right to education, to privacy, and to a good reputation. Part of the Code reads like our own Bill of Rights!
Two Pope Saints! I don’t know why canonized Popes are called “Pope Saint,” and I’ve not found the answer in a bit of research, but, nevertheless, we will soon have two more to add to the list as Blessed John XXIII and Blessed John Paul II are to be canonized on April 27 in a ceremony at the Basilica of St. Peter in Rome presided over by Pope Francis. Of the 264 deceased Popes, 80 have been declared to be saints. While this might seem like a large percentage, we have to remember that 52 out of the first 54 Popes were canonized, so that only leaves 18 more out of the next 210! The odds have gotten harder after the Church left the ages of martyrdom and persecution. The last Pope canonized was Pope St Pius X on May 29, 1954, and that event was so important that a large mural of the new Pope Saint was added to the inside of St. Stephen Church in New Orleans, where I am currently assigned, to memorialize the occasion.
Second, the fact that Pope Francis decided to canonize both Popes at the same ceremony speaks to his desire to make the Church as “inclusive” as possible. Although they are not in the business of changing doctrine, each Pope tends to stress different aspects of the Gospel. There is a prevalent perception that Pope John XXII appeals to the “progressive” side of the Church, while Pope John Paul II appeals to the “conservative” side of the Church. The two men can seem to be a study in contrasts. Recently asked by reporters to describe the two men, Pope Francis said that John XXII was as “a bit of the ‘country priest,’” but by calling the Second Vatican Council, he was a “man of courage, a man who let himself be guided by the Lord.” In contrast, he described John Paul II as “the great missionary of the church … who proclaimed the Gospel everywhere.” In popular perception “good” Pope John was a humble parish priest – perhaps more in the line of Pope Francis – while John Paul II is known as a global traveling “rock star.” One might infer that Pope Francis’ decision to canonize them on the same day (even waiving a miracle for Pope John XXII because he is so widely venerated) was motivated by his desire to bring the progressive and conservative “wings” of the Church together by emphasizing holiness over personality or ideological perspectives.
Although the upcoming canonizations are a big deal in “Church circles,” there has not been a tremendous amount of secular attention to the events, perhaps because both men have already been declared “blessed” in recent years, and both were widely regarded to be “saintly men” prior to their deaths. However, I think three aspects of the first “joint Pope canonization” in history bear noticing.
First, Blessed John XXIII and Blessed John Paul II represent the “bookends” of the Second Vatican Council. Of course, Pope John XXIII called the council on January 25, 1959, and Pope John Paul II was present at its opening as a young auxiliary bishop from Krakow. And although Pope Paul VI and Pope John Paul I intervened between the two future saints, it was during the nearly 28 years of the pontificate of John Paul II that many of the reforms called for during the Second Vatican Council were implemented. In fact, when the Code of Canon Law was passed in 1983, Pope Jon Paul II called it the “last document of the Second Vatican Council,” because it codified into law the emphasis that the Council fathers placed on the laity, the local church and a greater understanding of the Sacrament of Marriage, among other
And finally, one reason that the secular press might not be covering the event as thoroughly has to do with the humble emphasis that Pope Francis has placed on it. When I was living in Rome during some of the “mega” beatifications, namely those of Saint Padre Pio and Blessed Teresa of Calcutta, I saw the build-up that usually accompanies these events. The announcements go out many months in advance, and then several days are devoted to presentations, prayer vigils and other events leading to the ceremony itself. Three years ago, preparations for John Paul’s beatification included a prayer vigil on Rome’s Circus Maximus field for tens of thousands of people costing more than $1.65 million. About 1.5 million people
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