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ȀȘȐȔȈȌ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ 9 Ȋ ȗȍȘȍȊȖȌȍ ǭȋȖ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ǴȐȓȖșȚȐ Ǩ.ǿ. ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ ǹȊȈȔȐ ǷȘȈȉȝțȗȈȌȣ Ǫ ȌȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ, ȗȍȘȊȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ, ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ ǴȈȕț, ȗȘȈȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ, Ȗ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ șȖȉȣȚȐȧȝ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȝ ș ǬțȘȊȈșȖȑ ǴțȕȐ Ȑ ȍȋȖ șșȖȘȍ ș ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȞȈȘȍȔ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȔ. ǯȌȍșȤ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȗ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ ȞȈȘȧ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ, ȊșȚȘȍȟȍ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȖȑ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚșȧ șȗȐșȖȒ Ȑ ȒȘȈȚȒȖȍ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȊ ȞȈȘȧ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕȈ. ǯȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȍȘȊȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ ȌȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȖȔ Ȗ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȖȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪȖ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȌȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ "ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ" ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ ȞȈȘȍȑ ȌȘȍȊȕȖșȚȐ, ȚȈȒȐȝ ȒȈȒ ǵȐȔȐ, ǷțȘțȘȈȊȈ, ȇȧȚȐ, ǷțȘț, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȣ Ȑ ǨȌȎȈȔȐȌȝȐ. ǯȌȍșȤ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔȣ, ȉȍșȗȖȡȈȌȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȐȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȖȌȐȕ ȘȈȏ ȐșȚȘȍȉȐȓ Ȋșȍ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ ȕȈ ȏȍȔȓȍ. ǯȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȌȍȊȧȚȈȧ ȗȍșȕȤ ȗȍȘȍȟȐșȓȍȕȐȍȔ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ȇȌț, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȊȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȐ ȧȊȐȓșȧ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ Ȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ.


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ǫȓȈȊȈ ȗȍȘȊȈȧ. ǾȈȘȤ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț 3 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȊȚȖȘȈȧ. ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȕț 19 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȚȘȍȚȤȧ. ǹțȒȈȕȤȦ ȖȚȌȈȦȚ Ȋ Ȏȍȕȣ ȔțȌȘȍȞț ǿȤȧȊȈȕȍ 33 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȈȧ. DzȈȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț 48 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȗȧȚȈȧ. ǹȗȈșȍȕȐȍ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ ǴțȕȐ 84 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȠȍșȚȈȧ. ǷȈȌȍȕȐȍ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ 99 ǫȓȈȊȈ șȍȌȤȔȈȧ. ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ ȞȈȘȧ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ 123 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȊȖșȤȔȈȧ. ǪșȚȘȍȟȈ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȣ 133 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȍȊȧȚȈȧ. ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕȈ 147 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȍșȧȚȈȧ. ǬȍȧȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ 174 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȖȌȐȕȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȘȈȊȐȚ ȔȐȘȖȔ 205 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ DzțȠȐ, șȣȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ 224 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȚȘȐȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǵȐȔȐ 230 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. DzȈȒ ȞȈȘȤ ǷțȘțȘȈȊȈ ȉȣȓ ȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȕ ǻȘȊȈȠȐ 245 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȗȧȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ȊȖȐȕȈ 267 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔȈ ȐșȚȘȍȉȓȧȍȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȞȈȘȍȑ ȔȐȘȈ 287 ǫȓȈȊȈ șȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǷțȘțȘȈȊȣ 303 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȊȖșȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǾȈȘȤ ȇȧȚȐ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ țȚȘȈȟȍȕȕțȦ ȔȖȓȖȌȖșȚȤ 309 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȍȊȧȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǾȈȘȤ ȇȧȚȐ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ 333 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǬȐȕȈșȚȐȧ ǷțȘț 352 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȗȍȘȊȈȧ. ǬȐȕȈșȚȐȧ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȣ 370 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȊȚȖȘȈȧ. ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ ǨȌȎȈȔȐȌȝȐ 386 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȚȘȍȚȤȧ. ǬȐȕȈșȚȐȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ȇȧȚȐ 403 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȈȧ. DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ 417

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Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɩɟɪɜɚɹ. ɐɚɪɶ ɋɭɞɶɸɦɧɚ ɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɠɟɧɳɢɧɭ Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ șȚȈȓ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȖȑ Ȑ ȒȈȒ ȘȖȌ ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȣ ǴȈȕț șȖȍȌȐȕȐȓșȧ ș ǹȖȔȈ-ȊȈȔȠȍȑ, ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȍȑ, ȉȍȘțȡȍȑ ȕȈȟȈȓȖ ȖȚ ȉȖȋȈ dzțȕȣ. ǷȖ ȗȘȖșȤȉȍ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ Ȗ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȣ ǴȈȕț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȉȣȓ ȞȈȘȍȔ ǹȈȚȤȧȊȘȈȚȖȑ, ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ ǬȘȈȊȐȌȣ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȊȖȏȓȍȎȈȡȐȑ ȕȈ ȊȖȌȈȝ ȊșȍȓȍȕșȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȚȖȗȈ, ȗȖȘȖȌȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔț ȕȈ ȓȖȚȖșȍ, ȊȣȘȖșȠȍȔ Ȑȏ ȗțȗȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǰȏ țȔȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ǴȈȘȐȟȐ, șȣȕȖȔ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ șȚȈȓ DzȈȠȤȧȗȈ. ǶȚ DzȈȠȤȧȗȣ Ȑ ǨȌȐȚȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǪȐȊȈșȊȈȕ, Ȉ ǪȐȊȈșȊȈȕ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȎȍȕȈ ǹȈȔȋȤȧ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȓȐ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊț ǴȈȕț. ǮȍȕȈ ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȣ, ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈ, ȘȖȌȐȓȈ ȌȍșȧȚȤ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, șȘȍȌȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓȐ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț Ȑ ǵȘȐȋȈ. ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȈ, ȐȓȐ ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȈ ǴȈȕț, ȖȚȍȞ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț, ȌȖȓȋȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȓ ȌȍȚȍȑ. ǴȍȟȚȈȧ Ȗ șȣȕȍ, Ȗȕ ȗȖ șȖȊȍȚț ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȧȋȤȦ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȐȚȤ ǴȐȚȘț Ȑ ǪȈȘțȕț. ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȈ ǴȈȕț ȝȖȚȍȓ șȣȕȈ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȗȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȦ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕȣ ȘȖȌȐȓȈșȤ ȌȖȟȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȕȈȏȊȈȓȐ ǰȓȖȑ. ǴȈȕț ȉȣȓ ȕȍȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ. Ƕȕ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ ȏȈ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ Ȓ ȔțȌȘȍȞț ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȍ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ șȚȈȓ ȔȖȓȐȚȤșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ǰȓȈ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓȈșȤ Ȋ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȈ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋȕȧȓ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȈȔ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȐ, Ȑ ǰȓȈ șȚȈȓȈ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȔ ȦȕȖȠȍȑ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ. DzȈȒ-ȚȖ ȘȈȏ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȍȕȐȐ șȊȖȍȑ șȊȐȚȣ. ǪșȒȖȘȍ ȖȕȐ ȌȖșȚȐȋȓȐ ȓȍșȈ ȗȖȌ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍȔ ǹțȒțȔȈȘȈ, ȟȚȖ ȘȈșȒȐȕțȓșȧ ț ȗȖȌȕȖȎȤȧ ȋȖȘȣ ǹțȔȍȘț. DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȐ ȊȖȠȓȐ Ȋ ȓȍș, Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊț ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȍȍ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȚȤ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ. ǮȍȕȡȐȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ șȚȈȓ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ, șȚȈȓȈ ȎȍȕȖȑ ǩțȌȝȐ, șȣȕȈ ȉȖȋȈ dzțȕȣ. ǻ ȕȐȝ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǷțȘțȘȈȊȈ. ǴȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊȣ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ ȖȉȘȍȓ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȔȍșȧȞȈ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȖȉȓȐȒ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ, Ȉ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ ȔȍșȧȞȈ — ȖȉȓȐȒ ȔțȎȟȐȕȣ. ǺȈȒ Ȗȕ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȐȓ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȘȖȌȐȓ ȚȘȍȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ: ǻȚȒȈȓț, ǫȈȦ Ȑ ǪȐȔȈȓț. Ǫșȍ ȖȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣ. ǷȖȏȎȍ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǷțȘțȘȈȊȍ, Ȉ șȈȔ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȠȘȐ-ȘȈȌȎȖȊȈȟȈ ȔȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘȈȕȐ șȈȘȊȈȕȐ ȚȊȈȑȖȒȚȈȕȐ ȠȘțȚȈȕȐ Ȕȍ ȊȐȘȑȈȕȑ ȈȕȈȕȚȈ-ȊȐȘȑȈșȑȈ ȝȈȘȍș ȚȈȚȘȈ ȒȘȐȚȈȕȐ ȟȈ ȠȘȐ-ȘȈȌȎȈ țȊȈȟȈ — ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȔȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘȈȕȐ — ȗȍȘȐȖȌȣ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ǴȈȕț; șȈȘȊȈȕȐ — Ȋșȍ; ȚȊȈȑȈ — ȚȖȉȖȑ; țȒȚȈȕȐ — ȖȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ; ȠȘțȚȈȕȐ — ȊȣșȓțȠȈȕȣ; Ȕȍ — ȔȕȖȑ; ȊȐȘȑȈȕȐ — ȟțȌȍșȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ; ȈȕȈȕȚȈ-ȊȐȘȑȈșȑȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȟȤȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȉȍșȗȘȍȌȍȓȤȕȖ; ȝȈȘȍȝ — ǽȈȘȐ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȚȈȚȘȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ (Ȋ ȗȍȘȐȖȌȣ ȥȚȐȝ ȔȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘ ); ȒȘȐȚȈȕȐ — șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȍ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ. 3


4 ǾȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ƕ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ ȔȖȑ, ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Țȣ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ Ȗ ȗȍȘȐȖȌȈȝ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ǴȈȕț Ȑ Ȗ ȟțȌȍșȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚ Ȋ ȥȚȐ ȥȗȖȝȐ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. Ǵȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȖȊȍȏȓȖ, ȟȚȖ ȧ țșȓȣȠȈȓ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ ȖȚ Țȍȉȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 2 - 3 ȑȖ 'șȈț șȈȚȑȈȊȘȈȚȖ ȕȈȔȈ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐȘ ȌȘȈȊȐȌȍȠȊȈȘȈȝ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȑȖ 'ȚȐȚȈ-ȒȈȓȗȈȕȚȍ ȓȍȉȝȍ ȗțȘțȠȈ-șȍȊȈȑȈ șȈ ȊȈȐ ȊȐȊȈșȊȈȚȈȝ ȗțȚȘȖ ȔȈȕțȘ ȈșȐȌ ȐȚȐ ȠȘțȚȈȔ ȚȊȈȚȚȈș ȚȈșȑȈ șțȚȈȝ ȗȘȖȒȚȈ ȐȒȠȊȈȒț-ȗȘȈȔțȒȝȈ ȕȘȐȗȈȝ ȑȈȝ ȈșȈț — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; șȈȚȑȈȊȘȈȚȈȝ — ǹȈȚȤȧȊȘȈȚȈ; ȕȈȔȈ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ; ȘȈȌȎȈȘȐȠȐȝ — șȊȧȚȖȑ ȞȈȘȤ; ȌȘȈȊȐȌȈ-ȐȠȊȈȘȈȝ — ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤ ǬȘȈȊȐȌȈȌȍȠȐ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ — ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȈȚȐȚȈ-ȒȈȓȗȈ-ȈȕȚȍ — Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȗȍȘȐȖȌȈ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȍȋȖ ǴȈȕț (Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȑ ȥȗȖȝȐ); ȓȍȉȝȍ — ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ; ȗțȘțȠȈ-șȍȊȈȑȈ — șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ; ȊȈȐ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȊȐȊȈșȊȈȚȈȝ — ǪȐȊȈșȊȈȕȈ; ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȔȈȕțȝ ȈșȐȚ — șȚȈȓ ǴȈȕț ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȖȑ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȠȘțȚȈȔ — (ȔȕȖȑ) țșȓȣȠȈȕȖ; ȚȊȈȚȚȈȝ — ȖȚ Țȍȉȧ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕȖȊȤȧ; ȗȘȖȒȚȈȝ — Țȍ, Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȕȖ; ȐȒȠȊȈȒț-ȗȘȈȔțȒȝȈȝ — ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȍ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț; ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȐ. ǹȈȚȤȧȊȘȈȚȈ, șȊȧȚȖȑ ȞȈȘȤ ǬȘȈȊȐȌȈȌȍȠȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȍȑ ȔȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘȣ [ȥȗȖȝȐ ǴȈȕț] ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȔȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘȍ șȚȈȓ ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȖȑ ǴȈȕț, șȣȕȖȔ ǪȐȊȈșȊȈȕȈ. ȇ țȏȕȈȓ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ ȖȚ Țȍȉȧ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, Ȑȏ ȚȊȖȍȋȖ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈ ȧ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȞȈȘȐ, ȒȈȒ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț, ȉȣȓȐ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȚȍȠȈȔ ȊȈȔȠȈȔ ȗȘȐȚȝȈȋ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȊȈȔȠȈȕțȟȈȘȐȚȈȕȐ ȟȈ ȒȐȘȚȈȑȈșȊȈ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈ ȕȐȚȑȈȔ ȠțȠȘțȠȈȚȈȔ ȝȐ ȕȈȝ ȚȍȠȈȔ — Țȍȝ (ȞȈȘȍȑ); ȊȈȔȠȈȔ — ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȦ; ȗȘȐȚȝȈȒ — ȘȈȏȌȍȓȤȕȖ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ — Ȗ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ (ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ); ȊȈȔȠȈ-ȈȕțȟȈȘȐȚȈȕȐ ȟȈ — Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȕȣȍ ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ȥȚȖȑ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ; ȒȐȘȚȈȑȈșȊȈ — ȖȗȐȠȐ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈ — Ȗ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȍȑȠȐȑ; ȕȐȚȑȈȔ — ȊȍȟȕȖ; ȠțȠȘțȠȈȚȈȔ — Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȎȐȚ Țȍȉȍ; ȝȐ — ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ; ȕȈȝ — Ȍȓȧ ȕȈș.

4


5 Ƕ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȍȑȠȐȑ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȗ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȘȈșșȒȈȎȐ Ȕȕȍ, ȗȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, Ȗ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȧȝ Ȋșȍȝ ȥȚȐȝ ȞȈȘȍȑ Ȑ Ȗȉ Ȑȝ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ. ȇ ȋȖȘȦ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȌȈȓȤȠȍ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȚȊȖȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȑȍ ȉȝțȚȈ ȑȍ ȉȝȈȊȐȠȑȈȠ ȟȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȕȚȑ ȈȌȑȈȚȈȕȈȠ ȟȈ ȑȍ ȚȍȠȈȔ ȕȈȝ ȗțȕȑȈ-ȒȐȘȚȐȕȈȔ șȈȘȊȍȠȈȔ ȊȈȌȈ ȊȐȒȘȈȔȈȕ ȑȍ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ; ȉȝțȚȈȝ — ȉȣȊȠȐȍ; ȑȍ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ; ȉȝȈȊȐȠȑȈȝ — Țȍ, ȟȚȖ ȉțȌțȚ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕȚȐ — șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ; ȈȌȑȈȚȈȕȈȝ — ȚȍȗȍȘȤ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȑȍ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ; ȚȍȠȈȔ — Ȑȝ; ȕȈȝ — ȕȈȔ; ȗțȕȑȈ-ȒȐȘȚȐȕȈȔ — ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȝ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ; șȈȘȊȍȠȈȔ — Ȋșȍȝ; ȊȈȌȈ — ȖȗȐȠȐ; ȊȐȒȘȈȔȈȕ — șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȐ. ǩțȌȤ ȌȖȉȘ, ȗȖȊȍȌȈȑ ȖȉȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȞȈȘȧȝ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȣ ǴȈȕț, ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȗ Țȍȝ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȈȊȧȚ șȍȑȟȈș, ȕȖ Ȑ Ȗ Țȍȝ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȐ Ȋ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȔ Ȑ șȚȈȕțȚ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ Ȋ ȉțȌțȡȍȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 ȠȘȐ-șțȚȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȥȊȈȔ ȗȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ ȘȈȌȎȕȈ șȈȌȈșȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȈȌȐȕȈȔ ȗȘȐȠȚȈȝ ȗȘȖȊȈȟȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȟȝțȒȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȐȚ ȠȘȐ-șțȚȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȗȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȑ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȖȔ; ȘȈȌȎȕȈ — ȞȈȘȍȔ; șȈȌȈșȐ — Ȋ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȐ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȊȈȌȐȕȈȔ — ȏȕȈȚȖȒȖȊ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ; ȗȘȐȠȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȉȣȓ ȏȈȌȈȕ ȊȖȗȘȖș; ȗȘȖȊȈȟȈ — ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȍȑȠȐȑ; ȠțȒȈȝ — ȀțȒȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈ- ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȐȚ — Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ ȖșȕȖȊȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: DzȖȋȌȈ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, șȐȌȧ Ȋ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȏȕȈȚȖȒȖȊ ǪȍȌ, ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ ș ȚȈȒȖȑ ȗȘȖșȤȉȖȑ Ȓ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȗȖșȚȐȋȠȍȔț ȏȈȒȖȕȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ, ȚȖȚ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȠȘțȑȈȚȈȔ ȔȈȕȈȊȖ ȊȈȔȠȈȝ ȗȘȈȟțȘȑȍȕȈ ȗȈȘȈȕȚȈȗȈ ȕȈ ȠȈȒȑȈȚȍ ȊȐșȚȈȘȈȚȖ ȊȈȒȚțȔ ȊȈȘȠȈ-ȠȈȚȈȐȘ ȈȗȐ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȠȘțȑȈȚȈȔ — ȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ țșȓȣȠȈȕȖ (ȖȚ Ȕȍȕȧ); ȔȈȕȈȊȈȝ ȊȈȔȠȈȝ — ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȧ ǴȈȕț; ȗȘȈȟțȘȑȍȕȈ — ȒȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȍȍ; ȗȈȘȈȕȚȈȗȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȑ țșȔȐȘȧȚȤ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȠȈȒȑȈȚȍ — 5


6 ȗȖȓțȟȈȍȚșȧ; ȊȐșȚȈȘȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ; ȊȈȒȚțȔ — ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȚȤ; ȊȈȘȠȈ-ȠȈȚȈȐȝ ȈȗȐ — ȌȈȎȍ ȏȈ șȚȖ ȓȍȚ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, ȗȖȒȖȘȐȚȍȓȤ șȊȖȐȝ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ, șȓțȠȈȑ Ȏȍ ȔȖȑ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȣȑ ȘȈșșȒȈȏ Ȗ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǴȈȕț. ȇ ȗȖșȚȈȘȈȦșȤ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȒȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȓțȟȠȍ, ȝȖȚȧ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȚȤ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ Ȑ ȏȈ șȖȚȕȐ ȓȍȚ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȗȈȘȈȊȈȘȍȠȈȔ ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ ȈȚȔȈ ȑȈȝ ȗțȘțȠȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȝ șȈ ȥȊȈșȐȌ ȐȌȈȔ ȊȐȠȊȈȔ ȒȈȓȗȈȕȚȍ 'ȕȑȈȕ ȕȈ ȒȐȕȟȈȕȈ ȗȈȘȈ-ȈȊȈȘȍȠȈȔ — Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ ȒȈȒ ȕȈ ȕȐȏȠȐȝ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȕȈ ȊȣșȠȐȝ țȘȖȊȕȧȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ; ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ — ȗȘȐȕȧȊȠȐȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȚȍȓȈ (ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȌțȠ); ȈȚȔȈ — ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ; ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȗțȘțȠȈȝ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ; ȗȈȘȈȝ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ; șȈȝ — Ƕȕ; ȥȊȈ — ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ; ȈșȐȚ — șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȈ; ȊȐȠȊȈȔ — ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȈȧ; ȒȈȓȗȈ-ȈȕȚȍ — Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȈȓȗȣ; ȈȕȑȈȚ — ȌȘțȋȖȍ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȒȐȕȟȈȕȈ — ȟȚȖ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȈȧ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȈȝ șȈȔȣȝ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șȖȏȌȈȕȐȑ, ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓȈ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ Ȑ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȈȓȗȣ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȕȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȖȏȌȈȕȐȧ, ȕȐ ȟȍȋȖ ȉȣ ȚȖ ȕȐ ȉȣȓȖ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȟȚȖȉȣ ȧșȕȍȍ ȖȗȐșȈȚȤ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȘȖȌȈ ǴȈȕț, ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ șȊȖȑ ȘȈșșȒȈȏ ș ȗȍȘȐȖȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȊȍșȤ ȔȐȘ ȗȖȋȘțȎȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȊȖȌȣ ȊșȍȓȍȕșȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȚȖȗȈ Ȑ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǬȈȓȍȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȍȚ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȌȐȕ ȏȈ ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȚȊȖȘȐȚ ȖȉȢȍȒȚȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȚȈșȑȈ ȕȈȉȝȍȝ șȈȔȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȗȈȌȔȈ-ȒȖȠȖ ȝȐȘȈȕȔȈȑȈȝ ȚȈșȔȐȕ ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ șȊȈȑȈȔȉȝțȠ ȟȈȚțȘ-ȈȕȈȕȈȝ ȚȈșȑȈ — ǭȋȖ (ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ); ȕȈȉȝȍȝ — Ȑȏ ȗțȗȒȈ; șȈȔȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȊȖȏȕȐȒ; ȗȈȌȔȈ-ȒȖȠȈȝ — ȓȖȚȖș; ȝȐȘȈȕȔȈȑȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȚȖ ȏȖȊȍȚșȧ ȝȐȘȈȕȔȈȑȍȑ (ȏȖȓȖȚȣȔ); ȚȈșȔȐȕ — Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ (ȏȖȓȖȚȖȔ ȓȖȚȖșȍ); ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; șȊȈȑȈȔȉȝțȝ — șȈȔȖȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ (ȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȑșȧ ȉȍȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ); ȟȈȚțȝ-ȈȕȈȕȈȝ — ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝȋȖȓȖȊȣȑ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, Ȑȏ ȗțȗȒȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȊȣȘȖș ȏȖȓȖȚȖȑ ȓȖȚȖș, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝȋȖȓȖȊȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȔȈȘȐȟȐȘ ȔȈȕȈșȈș ȚȈșȑȈ 6


7 ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ ȚȈșȑȈȗȐ ȒȈȠȑȈȗȈȝ ȌȈȒȠȈȑȈȕȑȈȔ ȚȈȚȖ 'ȌȐȚȑȈȔ ȊȐȊȈșȊȈȕ ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ șțȚȈȝ ȔȈȘȐȟȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǴȈȘȐȟȐ; ȔȈȕȈșȈȝ ȚȈșȑȈ — Ȑȏ ȍȋȖ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ) țȔȈ; ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; ȚȈșȑȈ ȈȗȐ — ȍȋȖ (ǴȈȘȐȟȐ); ȒȈȠȑȈȗȈȝ — DzȈȠȤȧȗȈ (ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ); ȌȈȒȠȈȑȈȕȑȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǬȈȒȠȐ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȈȌȐȚȑȈȔ — ȊȖ ȟȘȍȊȍ ǨȌȐȚȐ; ȊȐȊȈșȊȈȕ — ǪȐȊȈșȊȈȕ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ. ǰȏ țȔȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ǴȈȘȐȟȐ, Ȉ Ȑȏ șȍȔȍȕȐ ǴȈȘȐȟȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ DzȈȠȤȧȗȈ, ȔȈȚȍȘȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ șȚȈȓȈ ȌȖȟȤ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǬȈȒȠȐ. DzȈȠȤȧȗȈ Ȏȍ Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ ǨȌȐȚȐ ȏȈȟȈȓ ǪȐȊȈșȊȈȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 11 - 12 ȚȈȚȖ ȔȈȕțȝ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȈȝ șȈȔȌȎȕȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȑȈȔ ȌȎȈȕȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȌȈȠȈ ȗțȚȘȈȕ șȈ ȈȚȔȈȊȈȕ ȐȒȠȊȈȒț-ȕȘȐȋȈ-ȠȈȘȑȈȚȐ ȌȐȠȚȈ-ȌȝȘȐȠȚȈ-ȒȈȘțȠȈȒȈȕ ȕȈȘȐȠȑȈȕȚȈȔ ȗȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈȔ ȟȈ ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈȔ ȟȈ ȒȈȊȐȔ ȊȐȉȝțȝ ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ǪȐȊȈșȊȈȕȈ); ȔȈȕțȝ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȈȝ — ǴȈȕț ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȈ; șȈȔȌȎȕȈȑȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ ǹȈȔȋȤȐ (Ȏȍȕȣ ǪȐȊȈșȊȈȕȈ); ȈșȈ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ; ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ — Ȗ ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǩȝȈȘȈȚ; ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȑȈȔ — ȊȖ ȟȘȍȊȍ ȀȘȈȌȌȝȐ (Ȏȍȕȣ ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȣ); ȌȎȈȕȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȗȖȘȖȌȐȓ; ȌȈȠȈ — ȌȍșȧȚȤ; ȗțȚȘȈȕ — șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȈ); ȈȚȔȈȊȈȕ — ȖȊȓȈȌȍȊȠȐȑ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔȐ; ȐȒȠȊȈȒț-ȕȘȐȋȈ-ȠȈȘȑȈȚȐȌȐȠȚȈ-ȌȝȘȐȠȚȈ-ȒȈȘțȠȈȒȈȕ — ǰȒȠȊȈȒț, ǵȘȐȋț, ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ, ǬȐȠȚț, ǬȝȘȐȠȚț Ȑ DzȈȘțȠȈȒț; ȕȈȘȐȠȑȈȕȚȈȔ — ǵȈȘȐȠȤȧȕȚț; ȗȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘț; ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ ǵȈȉȝȈȋț; ȒȈȊȐȔ — DzȈȊȐ; ȊȐȉȝțȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, Ȗ ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȊ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȣ, ț ǪȐȊȈșȊȈȕȈ Ȑ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕȣ ǹȈȔȋȤȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȈ ǴȈȕț. ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȈ, ȖȉțȏȌȈȊȠȐȑ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ, ȏȈȟȈȓ Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ șȊȖȍȑ Ȏȍȕȣ ȀȘȈȌȌȝȐ ȌȍșȧȚȤ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǯȊȈȓȐ Ȑȝ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț, ǵȘȐȋȈ, ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ, ǬȐȠȚȈ, ǬȝȘȐȠȚȈ, DzȈȘțȠȈȒȈ, ǵȈȘȐȠȤȧȕȚȈ, ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ, ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ Ȑ DzȈȊȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȈȗȘȈȌȎȈșȑȈ ȔȈȕȖȝ ȗțȘȊȈȔ ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȒȐȓȈ ȔȐȚȘȈ-ȊȈȘțȕȈȑȖȘ ȐȠȚȐȔ ȗȘȈȌȎȈȘȚȝȈȔ ȈȒȈȘȖȌ ȊȐȉȝțȝ ȈȗȘȈȌȎȈșȑȈ — ȕȍ ȐȔȍȊȠȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; ȔȈȕȖȝ — ǴȈȕț; ȗțȘȊȈȔ — ȗȘȍȎȌȍ; ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȟȐȑ; ȒȐȓȈ — ȊȖȐșȚȐȕț; ȔȐȚȘȈȊȈȘțȕȈȑȖȝ — Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ ǴȐȚȘȣ Ȑ ǪȈȘțȕȣ; ȐȠȚȐȔ — ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ; 7


8 ȗȘȈȌȎȈ-ȈȘȚȝȈȔ — ȟȚȖȉȣ ȘȖȌȐȓȐșȤ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ; ȈȒȈȘȖȚ — șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ; ȊȐȉȝțȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ. ǬȖȓȋȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǴȈȕț ȉȣȓ ȉȍȏȌȍȚȕȣȔ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ȍȔț ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ șȣȕȈ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ șȊȧȚȖȑ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȐȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ, ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ ǴȐȚȘȍ Ȑ ǪȈȘțȕȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȚȈȚȘȈ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈ ȔȈȕȖȝ ȗȈȚȕȐ ȝȖȚȈȘȈȔ șȈȔȈȑȈȟȈȚȈ ȌțȝȐȚȘȈȘȚȝȈȔ țȗȈȋȈȔȑȈ ȗȘȈȕȐȗȈȚȑȈ ȗȈȑȖȊȘȈȚȈ ȚȈȚȘȈ — ȚȈȔ (ȕȈ ȥȚȖȔ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ); ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈ — ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈ; ȔȈȕȖȝ — ǴȈȕț; ȗȈȚȕȐ — ȎȍȕȈ; ȝȖȚȈȘȈȔ — șȊȧȡȍȕȕȐȒȈ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȊȠȍȋȖ ȧȋȤȦ; șȈȔȈȑȈȟȈȚȈ — ȌȖȓȎȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓȈ; ȌțȝȐȚȘȐ- ȈȘȚȝȈȔ — ȟȚȖȉȣ ȘȖȌȐȓȈșȤ ȌȖȟȤ; țȗȈȋȈȔȑȈ — ȗȖȌȖȑȌȧ ȉȓȐȏȒȖ; ȗȘȈȕȐȗȈȚȑȈ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȊȠȐșȤ; ȗȈȑȈȝ-ȊȘȈȚȈ — ȌȈȊȠȈȧ ȖȉȍȚ ȗȐȚȈȚȤșȧ ȖȌȕȐȔ ȔȖȓȖȒȖȔ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈ, ȎȍȕȈ ǴȈȕț, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȈ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȈșȒȍȏț Ȑ ȗȐȚȈȓȈșȤ ȖȌȕȐȔ ȔȖȓȖȒȖȔ, ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȈșȤ Ȓ ȎȘȍȞț, ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȡȍȔț ȎȍȘȚȊț. ǶȕȈ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȓȈșȤ ȍȔț Ȑ șȚȈȓȈ țȔȖȓȧȚȤ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ț ȕȍȍ ȘȖȌȐȓȈșȤ ȌȖȟȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 ȗȘȍȠȐȚȖ 'ȌȝȊȈȘȑțȕȈ ȝȖȚȈ ȊȑȈȟȈȘȈȚ ȚȈȚ șȈȔȈȝȐȚȈȝ ȋȘȐȝȐȚȍ ȝȈȊȐȠȐ ȊȈȟȈ ȊȈȠȈȚ-ȒȈȘȈȔ ȋȘȐȕȈȕ ȌȊȐȌȎȈȝ ȗȘȍȠȐȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȉȣȓȖ ȊȍȓȍȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ; ȈȌȝȊȈȘȑțȕȈ — șȊȧȡȍȕȕȐȒȖȔ- ȘȐȚȊȐȒȖȔ; ȝȖȚȈ — șȊȧȡȍȕȕȐȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ; ȊȑȈȟȈȘȈȚ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓ; ȚȈȚ — ȚȖ (ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ); șȈȔȈȝȐȚȈȝ — șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȣȑ; ȋȘȐȝȐȚȍ ȝȈȊȐȠȐ — ȗȘȐ ȏȈȟȍȘȗȣȊȈȕȐȐ ȚȖȗȓȍȕȖȋȖ ȔȈșȓȈ Ȍȓȧ ȗȍȘȊȖȋȖ ȊȖȏȓȐȧȕȐȧ; ȊȈȟȈ — ș ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȐȍȔ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ; ȊȈȠȈȚ-ȒȈȘȈȔ — ȔȈȕȚȘț, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȡțȦșȧ șȓȖȊȖȔ ȊȈȠȈȚ; ȋȘȐȕȈȕ — ȌȍȒȓȈȔȐȘțȦȡȐȑ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȝ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȋȓȈȊȕȣȑ ȎȘȍȞ Ȋȍȓȍȓ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȍȓȦ ȧȋȤȐ ȊȖȏȓȐȚȤ ȔȈșȓȖ Ȋ ȖȋȖȕȤ, ȚȖȚ ȏȈȟȍȘȗȕțȓ ȚȖȗȓȍȕȖȍ ȔȈșȓȖ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȋ Ȗȕ ȊșȗȖȔȕȐȓ Ȗ ȗȘȖșȤȉȍ Ȏȍȕȣ ǴȈȕț Ȑ, ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȧ șȓȖȊȖ ȊȈȠȈȚ, ȊȖȏȓȐȓ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȋȖȕȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 ȝȖȚțș ȚȈȌ-ȊȑȈȉȝȐȟȈȘȍȕȈ ȒȈȕȑȍȓȈ ȕȈȔȈ șȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȚȈȔ ȊȐȓȖȒȑȈ ȔȈȕțȝ ȗȘȈȝȈ ȕȈȚȐȚțȠȚȈȔȈȕȈ ȋțȘțȔ

8


9 ȝȖȚțȝ — șȊȧȡȍȕȕȐȒȈ; ȚȈȚ — ȚȖȑ (ȧȋȤȐ); ȊȑȈȉȝȐȟȈȘȍȕȈ — ȕȈȘțȠȍȕȐȍȔ; ȒȈȕȑȈ — ȌȖȟȤ; ȐȓȈ — ǰȓȈ; ȕȈȔȈ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ; șȈ — ȚȈ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓȈșȤ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȍ; ȊȐȓȖȒȑȈ — țȊȐȌȧ; ȔȈȕțȝ — ǴȈȕț; ȗȘȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȚȐȚțȠȚȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȘȈȌțȦȡȐȑșȧ; ȋțȘțȔ — (șȊȖȍȔț) ȋțȘț. ǴȈȕț ȏȈȚȍȧȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ ȘȈȌȐ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ șȣȕȈ, ȕȖ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȗȘȖșȤȉȈ Ȏȍȕȣ ǴȈȕț ȖȚȊȓȍȒȓȈ ȎȘȍȞȈ, ț ȕȍȍ ȘȖȌȐȓȈșȤ ȌȖȟȤ, ȕȈȘȍȟȍȕȕȈȧ ǰȓȖȑ. ǻȊȐȌȍȊ ȌȖȟȤ, ǴȈȕț ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖȉȘȈȌȖȊȈȓșȧ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȓ șȊȖȍȔț ȋțȘț ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȍ ș ȚȈȒȐȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ. DzǶǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǻ ǴȈȕț ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȌȍȚȍȑ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȘȈȌ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȌȈȎȍ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȕȈȏȊȈȓ ǰȓȖȑ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȗȖȏȎȍ Ȗȕ Ȋșȍ- ȚȈȒȐ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȓ șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȍ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȊȔȍșȚȖ șȣȕȈ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȐȓȈșȤ ȌȖȟȤ. ǷȘȍȎȌȍ ȉȍȏȌȍȚȕȣȑ, ǴȈȕț ȗȖȘȈȌȖȊȈȓșȧ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ ǰȓȣ, ȕȖ ȥȚȈ ȘȈȌȖșȚȤ ȉȣȓȈ ȕȍȌȖȓȋȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȒȐȔ ȐȌȈȔ ȌȎȈȚȈȔ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȊȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȈȌȐȕȈȔ ȊȐȗȈȘȑȈȑȈȔ ȈȝȖ ȒȈȠȚȈȔ ȔȈȐȊȈȔ șȑȈȌ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȐȒȘȐȑȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — Ȗ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ; ȒȐȔ ȐȌȈȔ — ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ; ȌȎȈȚȈȔ — ȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȍ; ȒȈȘȔȈ — ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ; ȊȈȝ — ȊȈș; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȈȌȐȕȈȔ — ȐșȒțȠȍȕȕȣȝ Ȋ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȐ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ; ȊȐȗȈȘȑȈȑȈȔ — ȖȠȐȉȒȈ; ȈȝȖ — țȊȣ; ȒȈȠȚȈȔ — ȗȍȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ; ȔȈ ȥȊȈȔ șȑȈȚ — ȌȈ ȕȍ ȉțȌȍȚ ȚȈȒ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȐȒȘȐȑȈ — ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȖȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ. ǴȖȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ, Țȣ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȎȘȍȞȣ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȖșȐȚȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ. DzȈȒ Ȏȍ ȔȖȋȓȖ șȓțȟȐȚȤșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȧȋȤȧ ȗȘȐȕȍșȓȈ ȗȓȖȌȣ ȗȘȧȔȖ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȣȍ ȚȖȔț, Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȧ ȗȘȖșȐȓ? ȅȚȖ ȗȖȊȍȘȋȈȍȚ Ȕȍȕȧ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȖȒțȦ ȗȍȟȈȓȤ. ǪȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȖȉȔȈȕȣȊȈȚȤ ȕȈȠȐ ȖȎȐȌȈȕȐȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȐȑ ȊȍȒ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȧȋȤȐ ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕȖ, ȐȉȖ ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȖșȐȚȤ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖȍ ȟȚȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȦ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, ȘȈȌȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȈșȤ ȧȋȤȧ . ǵȖ ȔȈȕȚȘȈ ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȕȍ șȓțȟȈȑȕȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȔȈȝȈ-ȔȈȕȚȘȖȑ, ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȍȑ, șȈȔȖȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ. ǭȍ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȑ. ȀȘȐ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȟȍȚȖ-ȌȈȘȗȈȕȈ-ȔȈȘȌȎȈȕȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈ-ȔȈȝȈ-ȌȈȊȈȋȕȐ-ȕȐȘȊȈȗȈȕȈȔ ȠȘȍȑȈȝ-ȒȈȐȘȈȊȈ-ȟȈȕȌȘȐȒȈ-ȊȐȚȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȊȐȌȑȈ-ȊȈȌȝț-ȌȎȐȊȈȕȈȔ ȈȕȈȕȌȈȔȉțȌȝȐ-ȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȈȚȐ-ȗȈȌȈȔ ȗțȘȕȈȔȘȐȚȈșȊȈȌȈȕȈȔ șȈȘȊȈȚȔȈ-șȕȈȗȈȕȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȊȐȌȎȈȑȈȚȍ ȠȘȐ-ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȈȔ ȀȐȒȠȈȠȚȈȒȈ, 1 «ǹȓȈȊȈ ȠȘȐ-ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȖȟȐȡȈȍȚ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȑ șȒȊȍȘȕȣ, ȕȈȒȈȗȓȐȊȈȊȠȍȑșȧ ȋȖȌȈȔȐ, Ȑ ȋȈșȐȚ ȗȖȎȈȘ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȒȓȈȌȧ ȒȖȕȍȞ ȟȍȘȍȌȍ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȑ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȍȑ. ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ — ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȍȓȧ 9


10 ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȐȉȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȖ ȗȘȖȓȐȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȕȐȝ șȊȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȓțȕȣ. ǶȕȖ — șȈȔȈ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȖȕȖ țȋȓțȉȓȧȍȚ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȕȍȏȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȍȚ ȊȒțșȐȚȤ ȕȍȒȚȈȘ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ Ȋșȍ Ȕȣ ȚȈȒ ȎȈȎȌȍȔ». Ǫ ȕȈȠ ȊȍȒ ȓțȟȠȍȑ ȧȋȤȍȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȈ-ȧȋȤȧ . DZȈȌȎȕȈȐȝ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȈ-ȗȘȈȑȈȐȘ ȑȈȌȎȈȕȚȐ ȝȐ șțȔȍȌȝȈșȈȝ (ǩȝȈȋ., 11.5.32) . ǸȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ Ȋ ȕȈȠ ȊȍȒ șȖȉȐȘȈȦȚșȧ ȊȔȍșȚȍ Ȑ ȗȖȦȚ ȔȈȝȈ-ȔȈȕȚȘț ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ȗȖȦȚ ȔȈȕȚȘț ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȥȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȖȑ . ǸȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȧȋȤȐ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȖȉȓȈȒȈȔ Ȋ ȕȍȉȍ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȏȈșțȝȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȗȖȔȖȡȤ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȧ ȔȈȕȚȘț ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ (ȑȈȌȎȕȈȌ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȐ ȗȈȘȌȎȈȕȑȈȝ) . Ǫ ȏȈșțȝț ȝȈȘȍ-ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȧȋȤȧ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȗȈșȚȐ Ȋșȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȖ, ȌȈȘȖȊȈȊ ȌȖȎȌȤ Ȑ ȗȐȡț. ǹȍȑȟȈș Ȋ ǭȊȘȖȗȍ Ȑ ǨȔȍȘȐȒȍ șȚȖȐȚ ȏȈșțȝȈ, ȕȖ, ȍșȓȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȊșȍȘȤȍȏ ȊȖșȗȘȐȔțȚ ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȐ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȕțȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȋȘȍȝȐ Ȑ ȕȈȟȕțȚ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ȗȍȚȤ ȔȈȝȈ-ȔȈȕȚȘț ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, Ȋșȍ Ȑȝ ȗȘȖȉȓȍȔȣ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȈȚșȧ ȉȍȏ ȚȘțȌȈ. ǬȘțȋȐȍ Ȏȍ ȧȋȤȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ Ȋ ȕȈȠȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȕȍ ȖșȚȈȓȖșȤ ȏȕȈȚȖȒȖȊ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȊȓȈȌȍȓȐ ȉȣ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȖȔ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȕȚȘ, Ȑ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ șȖȉȘȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȧȋȤȐ . ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȓȦȌȐ Ȋ ȕȈȠȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȖȉȕȐȡȈȓȐ Ȑ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȖȕȐ ȓȐȠȍȕȣ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ȕȍ țȔȍȦȚ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȖșȐȚȤ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ, Ȑȝ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ șȗȈșȍȕȐȍȔ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȔȈȕȚȘȈ ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. Ǻȍ, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȍșȚȤ ȘȈȏțȔ, șȚȈȕțȚ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ ȥȚț ȔȈȕȚȘț. DZȈȌȎȕȈȐȝ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȈ-ȗȘȈȑȈȐȘ ȑȈȌȎȈȕȚȐ ȝȐ șțȔȍȌȝȈșȈȝ (ǩȝȈȋ., 11.5.32) . ǵȖ ȋȓțȗȞȣ ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȖȞȍȕȐȚȤ ȉȓȈȋȖ, ȌȈȘțȍȔȖȍ ȥȚȖȑ ȔȈȕȚȘȖȑ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȉțȌțȚ ȍȍ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȑțȑȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȐȌȖ ȑțȒȚȈș ȚȈȗȈșȈ ȌȈȋȌȝȈ-ȒȐȓȉȐȠȈȝ ȒțȚȈȝ șȈȕȒȈȓȗȈ-ȊȈȐȠȈȔȑȈȔ ȈȕȘȐȚȈȔ ȊȐȉțȌȝȍȠȊ ȐȊȈ ȑțȑȈȔ — Ȋȣ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȐȌȈȝ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ; ȑțȒȚȈȝ — ȖȊȓȈȌȍȊȠȐȍ șȖȉȖȑ Ȑ țȘȈȊȕȖȊȍȠȍȕȕȣȍ; ȚȈȗȈșȈ — ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ȗȖȒȈȧȕȐȍȔ; ȌȈȋȌȝȈ-ȒȐȓȉȐȠȈȝ — Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȖȟȐșȚȐȓșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȒȊȍȘȕȣ; ȒțȚȈȝ — ȖȚȒțȌȈ; șȈȕȒȈȓȗȈ-ȊȈȐȠȈȔȑȈȔ — ȕȍȝȊȈȚȒȈ ȘȍȠȐȔȖșȚȐ; ȈȕȘȐȚȈȔ — ȓȎȐȊȖȍ ȖȉȍȡȈȕȐȍ, ȖȉȔȈȕ; ȊȐȉțȌȝȍȠț — șȘȍȌȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ. Ǫșȍ Ȋȣ ȊȓȈȌȍȍȚȍ șȖȉȖȑ, ȌȍȘȎȐȚȍ țȔ Ȋ ȘȈȊȕȖȊȍșȐȐ Ȑ ȖșȖȏȕȈȍȚȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț. ǹ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȈșȒȍȏȣ Ȑ ȖȉȍȚȖȊ Ȋȣ ȖȟȐșȚȐȓȐșȤ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȒȊȍȘȕȣ. ǹȓȖȊȈ ȊȈȠȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ șȓȖȊȈȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȈȗȘȈșȕȣ. DzȈȒ Ȏȍ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ, ȟȚȖ Ȋȣ ȗȖȚȍȘȗȍȓȐ ȕȍțȌȈȟț? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǰȏ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ Ȕȣ ȏȕȈȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȧ ȐȓȐ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȧ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ ȕȍȗȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ șȉȣȊȈȦȚșȧ. ǺȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȊȍȌȍȚ ȈșȒȍȚȐȟȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȖȉțȏȌȣȊȈȍȚ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȑ țȔ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȒȊȍȘȕȣ. ǹȓȖȊȈ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȧ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ șȓȖȊȈȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȈȗȘȈșȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 10


11 ȕȐȠȈȔȑȈ ȚȈȌ ȊȈȟȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȗȘȈȗȐȚȈȔȈȝȈȝ ȝȖȚțȘ ȊȑȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȚȊȈ ȉȈȉȝȈȠȍ ȘȈȊȐ-ȕȈȕȌȈȕȈȔ ȕȐȠȈȔȑȈ — țșȓȣȝȈȊ; ȚȈȚ ȊȈȟȈȝ — Țȍ șȓȖȊȈ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǴȈȕț); ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȍȑȠȐȑ; ȗȘȈȗȐȚȈȔȈȝȈȝ — ȗȘȈȌȍȌ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ; ȝȖȚțȝ ȊȑȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȈȔ — ȕȈȘțȠȍȕȐȍ, ȌȖȗțȡȍȕȕȖȍ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȐȒȖȔ ȝȖȚȖȑ; ȌȎȕȈȚȊȈ — ȗȖȕȧȊ; ȉȈȉȝȈȠȍ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȘȈȊȐ-ȕȈȕȌȈȕȈȔ — ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȍ ǴȈȕț, șȣȕț ȉȖȋȈ ǹȖȓȕȞȈ. ǴȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȍȑȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȗȘȈȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ, ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ, țșȓȣȠȈȊ șȓȖȊȈ ǴȈȕț, ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ ȎȘȍȞ ȌȖȗțșȚȐȓ ȖȠȐȉȒț. ǺȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȓ șȣȕț ȉȖȋȈ ǹȖȓȕȞȈ ș ȚȈȒȐȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȥȚȈȚ șȈȕȒȈȓȗȈ-ȊȈȐȠȈȔȑȈȔ ȝȖȚțș Țȍ ȊȑȈȉȝȐȟȈȘȈȚȈȝ ȚȈȚȝȈȗȐ șȈȌȝȈȑȐȠȑȍ Țȍ șțȗȘȈȌȎȈșȚȊȈȔ șȊȈ-ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖȚ; șȈȕȒȈȓȗȈ-ȊȈȐȠȈȔȑȈȔ — ȕȍȎȍȓȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ; ȝȖȚțȝ — șȊȧȡȍȕȕȐȒȈ; Țȍ — ȚȊȖȍȋȖ; ȊȑȈȉȝȐȟȈȘȈȚȈȝ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȕȍȊȣȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȧ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȑ; ȚȈȚȝȈ ȈȗȐ — ȕȖ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ; șȈȌȝȈȑȐȠȑȍ — ȌȖȉțȌț; Țȍ — Țȍȉȍ; șț-ȗȘȈȌȎȈșȚȊȈȔ — ȟțȌȍșȕȖȍ ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȖ; șȊȈ-ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ — șȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȤȦ. ȅȚȈ ȕȍțȌȈȟȈ ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȓȈ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȚȊȖȐȝ ȎȘȍȞȖȊ ȏȈȉȣȓ Ȗ ȗȍȘȊȖȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ ȧȋȤȐ. ǵȖ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȧ ȗțȡț Ȋ ȝȖȌ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȖȌȈȘȦ Țȍȉȧ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȔ șȣȕȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȥȊȈȔ ȊȑȈȊȈșȐȚȖ ȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ șȈ ȔȈȝȈ-ȑȈȠȈȝ ȈșȚȈțȠȐȌ ȈȌȐ-ȗțȘțȠȈȔ ȐȓȈȑȈȝ ȗțȔșȚȊȈ-ȒȈȔȑȈȑȈ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȊȑȈȊȈșȐȚȈȝ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȑ ȘȍȠȐȔȖșȚȐ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȍȑȠȐȑ; șȈȝ — ȚȖȚ (ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ); ȔȈȝȈ-ȑȈȠȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȧ șȓȈȊȈ ȊȍȓȐȒȈ; ȈșȚȈțȠȐȚ — ȊȖȏȕȍș ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ; ȈȌȐ-ȗțȘțȠȈȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ; ȐȓȈȑȈȝ — ǰȓȣ; ȗțȔșȚȊȈ-ȒȈȔȑȈȑȈ — ș ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȕȈ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓȈșȤ Ȋ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȔțȎșȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȈ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȗȘȐȕȧȊ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȘȍȠȍȕȐȍ, ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȣȑ Ȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ șȚȈȓ ȊȖȏȕȖșȐȚȤ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȚȖȚ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓ ǰȓț Ȋ ȔțȎȟȐȕț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȚȈșȔȈȐ ȒȈȔȈ-ȊȈȘȈȔ ȚțȠȚȖ 11


12 ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȝȈȘȐȘ ȐȠȊȈȘȈȝ ȌȈȌȈȊ ȐȓȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȚȍȕȈ șțȌȑțȔȕȈȝ ȗțȘțȠȈȘȠȈȉȝȈȝ ȚȈșȔȈȐ — ȍȔț (ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȍ); ȒȈȔȈ-ȊȈȘȈȔ — ȎȍȓȈȕȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ; ȚțȠȚȈȝ — ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ; ȝȈȘȐȝ ȐȠȊȈȘȈȝ — ȊȣșȠȐȑ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ; ȌȈȌȈț — ȌȈȓ; ȐȓȈ — (ȌȍȊȖȟȒȈ) ǰȓȈ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — șȚȈȓȈ; ȚȍȕȈ — ȥȚȐȔ (ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍȔ); șțȌȑțȔȕȈȝ — ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ; ȗțȘțȠȈ-ȘȐȠȈȉȝȈȝ — ȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȊȣșȠȐȑ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ, ȖșȚȈȓșȧ ȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȖȑ Ȑ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ. ǺȈȒ ǰȓȈ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓȈșȤ Ȋ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȋȖ ȦȕȖȠț ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 23 - 24 șȈ ȥȒȈȌȈ ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ȊȐȟȈȘȈȕ ȔȘȐȋȈȑȈȔ ȊȈȕȍ ȊȘȐȚȈȝ ȒȈȚȐȗȈȑȈȔȈȚȑȈȐȘ ȈȠȊȈȔ ȈȘțȝȑȈ șȈȐȕȌȝȈȊȈȔ ȗȘȈȋȘȐȝȑȈ ȘțȟȐȘȈȔ ȟȈȗȈȔ ȠȈȘȈȔȠ ȟȈ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȌȉȝțȚȈȕ ȌȈȔȠȐȚȖ 'ȕțȔȘȐȋȈȔ ȊȐȘȖ ȌȎȈȋȈȔȈ ȌȐȠȈȔ țȚȚȈȘȈȔ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ); ȥȒȈȌȈ — ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ; ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȊȐȟȈȘȈȕ — ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊțȦȡȐȑ; ȔȘȐȋȈȑȈȔ — ȘȈȌȐ ȖȝȖȚȣ; ȊȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȓȍșț; ȊȘȐȚȈȝ — șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ; ȒȈȚȐȗȈȑȈ — ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȐȔȐ; ȈȔȈȚȑȈȐȝ — ȔȐȕȐșȚȘȈȔȐ ȐȓȐ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȎȍȕȕȣȔȐ; ȈȠȊȈȔ — ȕȈ ȒȖȕȧ; ȈȘțȝȑȈ — șȍȊ; șȈȐȕȌȝȈȊȈȔ — Ȑȏ ǹȐȕȌȝțȗȘȈȌȍȠȐ; ȗȘȈȋȘȐȝȑȈ — ȊȏȧȊ; ȘțȟȐȘȈȔ — ȟțȌȍșȕȣȑ; ȟȈȗȈȔ — ȓțȒ; ȠȈȘȈȕ ȟȈ — Ȑ șȚȘȍȓȣ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȈȌȉȝțȚȈȕ — țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ, ȕȍȖȉȣȟȕȣȍ; ȌȈȔȠȐȚȈȝ — ȖȌȍȚȣȑ Ȋ ȉȘȖȕȦ; ȈȕțȔȘȐȋȈȔ — ȏȈ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔȐ; ȊȐȘȈȝ — ȋȍȘȖȑ; ȌȎȈȋȈȔȈ — ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ; ȌȐȠȈȔ țȚȚȈȘȈȔ — ȕȈ șȍȊȍȘ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȉȓȈȋȖȘȖȌȕȣȑ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ Ȋ șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȍȕȐȐ șȖȊȍȚȕȐȒȖȊ Ȑ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȎȍȕȕȣȝ, ȊȍȘȝȖȔ ȕȈ ȓȖȠȈȌȐ, ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȕȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ǹȐȕȌȝțȗȘȈȌȍȠȐ, ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș ȕȈ ȖȝȖȚț. Ǫ ȉȖȋȈȚȣȝ ȌȖșȗȍȝȈȝ, ș ȓțȒȖȔ Ȑ șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ, Ȗȕ ȉȓȐșȚȈȓ șȊȖȍȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȖȑ. Ǫ ȗȣȓț ȖȝȖȚȣ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ ȕȍ ȏȈȔȍȚȐȓ, ȒȈȒ ȖȒȈȏȈȓșȧ Ȋ șȍȊȍȘȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȓȍșȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 șțȒțȔȈȘȈ-ȊȈȕȈȔ ȔȍȘȖȘ ȈȌȝȈșȚȈȚ ȗȘȈȊȐȊȍȠȈ ȝȈ ȑȈȚȘȈșȚȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȟȝȈȘȊȖ ȘȈȔȈȔȈȕȈȝ șȈȝȖȔȈȑȈ șțȒțȔȈȘȈ-ȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȍș ǹțȒțȔȈȘȈ; ȔȍȘȖȝ ȈȌȝȈșȚȈȚ — ț ȗȖȌȕȖȎȤȧ ȋȖȘȣ ǴȍȘț; ȗȘȈȊȐȊȍȠȈ ȝȈ — ȊȖȠȍȓ; ȑȈȚȘȈ — ȋȌȍ; ȈșȚȍ — ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓșȧ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — șȈȔȣȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ (ȗȖȓțȉȖȋ); ȠȈȘȊȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ; ȘȈȔȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȗȘȍȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧȔ; șȈȝȈ țȔȈȑȈ — ș ǻȔȖȑ (șȊȖȍȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ). 12


13 ǺȖȚ ȓȍș, ȘȈșȒȐȕțȊȠȐȑșȧ ȕȈ șȍȊȍȘȍ, ț ȗȖȌȕȖȎȤȧ ȋȖȘȣ ǴȍȘț, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ǹțȒțȔȈȘȖȑ. Ǫ ȕȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȘȈȏȊȓȍȒȈȍȚșȧ ș ǻȔȖȑ. ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ ȊȖȠȍȓ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȓȍș. ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȚȈșȔȐȕ ȗȘȈȊȐȠȚȈ ȥȊȈșȈț șțȌȑțȔȕȈȝ ȗȈȘȈ-ȊȐȘȈ-ȝȈ ȈȗȈȠȑȈȚ șȚȘȐȑȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȈȠȊȈȔ ȟȈ ȊȈȌȈȊȈȔ ȕȘȐȗȈ ȚȈșȔȐȕ — Ȋ ȚȖȔ (ȓȍșț); ȗȘȈȊȐȠȚȈȝ — ȊȖȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȥȊȈ — ȚȖȓȤȒȖ; ȈșȈț — ȥȚȖȚ; șțȌȑțȔȕȈȝ — ȞȈȘȍȊȐȟ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ; ȗȈȘȈ-ȊȐȘȈ-ȝȈ — șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȑ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȐȚȤ șȍȉȍ șȊȖȐȝ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ; ȈȗȈȠȑȈȚ — țȊȐȌȍȓ; șȚȘȐȑȈȔ — ȎȍȕȡȐȕț; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — șȍȉȧ; ȈȠȊȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȒȖȕȧ; ȊȈȌȈȊȈȔ — ȒȖȉȣȓț; ȕȘȐȗȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ, ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȕȣȑ ȗȖȒȖȘȐȚȍȓȤ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ, ȖȒȈȏȈȓșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȓȍșț, Ȗȕ ȏȈȔȍȚȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȖȉȓȐȒ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ, Ȉ ȒȖȕȤ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȒȖȉȣȓț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȚȈȚȝȈ ȚȈȌ-ȈȕțȋȈȝ șȈȘȊȍ ȈȚȔȈ-ȓȐȕȋȈ-ȊȐȗȈȘȑȈȑȈȔ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȊȐȔȈȕȈșȖ 'ȉȝțȊȈȕ ȊȐȒȠȈȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȈȘȈșȗȈȘȈȔ ȚȈȚȝȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȚȈȚ-ȈȕțȋȈȝ — ȌȘțȏȤȧ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȣ; șȈȘȊȍ — Ȋșȍ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȓȐȕȋȈȊȐȗȈȘȑȈȑȈȔ — ȗȍȘȍȔȍȕț șȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȖȓȈ; ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ — țȊȐȌȧ; ȊȐȔȈȕȈșȈȝ — ȖȗȍȟȈȓȍȕȕȣȍ; ȈȉȝțȊȈȕ — șȚȈȓȐ; ȊȐȒȠȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȋȓȧȌȧȡȐȍ; ȗȈȘȈșȗȈȘȈȔ — ȌȘțȋ ȕȈ ȌȘțȋȈ. Ǫșȍ ȍȋȖ șȗțȚȕȐȒȐ ȚȖȎȍ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ. ǫȓțȉȖȒȖ ȖȗȍȟȈȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȥȚȐȔ, ȖȕȐ ȓȐȠȤ ȔȖȓȟȈ ȗȍȘȍȋȓȧȌȣȊȈȓȐșȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 ȠȘȐ-ȘȈȌȎȖȊȈȟȈ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȥȊȈȔ ȋțȕȖ ȌȍȠȈȝ ȒȍȕȈ ȊȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȒȘȐȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȠȕȈȔ ȥȕȈȔ șȈȔȈȟȈȒȠȊȈ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȒȈțȚțȝȈȓȈȔ ȝȐ ȕȈȝ ȠȘȐ-ȘȈȌȎȈ țȊȈȟȈ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȒȈȚȝȈȔ — ȒȈȒ; ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȋțȕȈȝ — șȊȖȑșȚȊȖ; ȌȍȠȈȝ — ȔȍșȚȖ; ȒȍȕȈ — ȒȍȔ; ȊȈ — ȐȓȐ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — Ȗ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȍȑȠȐȑ; ȒȘȐȚȈȝ — șȌȍȓȈȕȖ; ȗȘȈȠȕȈȔ — ȕȈ ȊȖȗȘȖș; ȥȕȈȔ — ȥȚȖȚ; șȈȔȈȟȈȒȠȊȈ — ȖȚȊȍȚȤ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — ȖȟȍȕȤ șȐȓȤȕȖ; ȒȈțȚțȝȈȓȈȔ — șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ; ȝȐ — ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ; ȕȈȝ — ȕȈȠȍ.

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14 ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ șȗȘȖșȐȓ: Ƕ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȗȖȟȍȔț ȥȚȖ ȔȍșȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓȖ ȚȈȒȖȑ șȐȓȖȑ, Ȑ ȒȚȖ ȕȈȌȍȓȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȥȚȖȑ șȐȓȖȑ? ǩțȌȤ ȌȖȉȘ, ȖȚȊȍȚȤ ȕȈ ȔȖȑ ȊȖȗȘȖș, ȧ ȋȖȘȦ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ ȖȚ Țȍȉȧ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 29 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȥȒȈȌȈ ȋȐȘȐȠȈȔ ȌȘȈȠȚțȔ ȘȐȠȈȑȈș ȚȈȚȘȈ șțȊȘȈȚȈȝ ȌȐȠȖ ȊȐȚȐȔȐȘȈȉȝȈșȈȝ ȒțȘȊȈȕȚȈȝ șȈȔțȗȈȋȈȔȈȕ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȥȒȈȌȈ — ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ; ȋȐȘȐȠȈȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊț; ȌȘȈȠȚțȔ — țȊȐȌȍȚȤ; ȘȐȠȈȑȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒȐ; ȚȈȚȘȈ — ȚțȌȈ (Ȋ ȚȖȚ ȓȍș); șț-ȊȘȈȚȈȝ — ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ șȐȓȖȑ; ȌȐȠȈȝ — Ȋșȍ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ; ȊȐȚȐȔȐȘȈ-ȈȉȝȈșȈȝ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȍ ȖȚ ȔȘȈȒȈ; ȒțȘȊȈȕȚȈȝ — ȌȍȓȈȦȡȐȍ; șȈȔțȗȈȋȈȔȈȕ — ȗȘȐȉȣȊȈȓȐ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ: ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ șȊȧȚȣȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȚȘȖȋȖ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȏȈȗȖȊȍȌȐ Ȑ șȐȧȕȐȍȔ șȊȖȐȔ ȏȈȚȔȍȊȈȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȊȖȒȘțȋ, ȒȈȒ- ȚȖ ȘȈȏ ȗȘȐȠȓȐ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȓȍș. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 ȚȈȕ ȊȐȓȖȒȑȈȔȉȐȒȈ ȌȍȊȐ ȊȐȊȈșȈ ȊȘȐȌȐȚȈ ȉȝȘȐȠȈȔ ȉȝȈȘȚțȘ ȈȕȒȈȚ șȈȔțȚȚȝȈȑȈ ȕȐȊȐȔ ȈȠȊ ȈȚȝȈ ȗȈȘȑȈȌȝȈȚ ȚȈȕ — Ȑȝ (Ȋșȍȝ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒȖȊ); ȊȐȓȖȒȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȈȔȉȐȒȈ — ȔȈȚȤ ǬțȘȋȈ; ȌȍȊȐ — ȉȖȋȐȕȧ; ȊȐȊȈșȈ — ȖȉȕȈȎȍȕȕȈȧ; ȊȘȐȌȐȚȈ — ȏȈșȚȣȌȐȊȠȈȧșȧ; ȉȝȘȐȠȈȔ — ȖȟȍȕȤ; ȉȝȈȘȚțȝ — ȔțȎȈ; ȈȕȒȈȚ — ș ȒȖȓȍȕ; șȈȔțȚȚȝȈȑȈ — ȊșȚȈȊ; ȕȐȊȐȔ — ȋȘțȌȤ; ȈȠț ȈȚȝȈ — ȗȖșȗȍȠȕȖ; ȗȈȘȑȈȌȝȈȚ — ȗȘȐȒȘȣȓȈ ȖȌȍȎȌȖȑ. ǷȘȐ ȊȐȌȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȉȖȋȐȕȧ ǨȔȉȐȒȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȖȕȐ ȏȈșȚȈȓȐ ȖȉȕȈȎȍȕȕȖȑ, ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ șȔțȚȐȓȈșȤ. ǶȕȈ șȗȍȠȕȖ ȗȖȌȕȧȓȈșȤ ș ȒȖȓȍȕ ȔțȎȈ Ȑ ȗȖșȚȈȘȈȓȈșȤ ȗȘȐȒȘȣȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȋȘțȌȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 31 ȘȐȠȈȑȖ 'ȗȐ ȚȈȑȖȘ ȊȐȒȠȑȈ ȗȘȈșȈȕȋȈȔ ȘȈȔȈȔȈȕȈȑȖȝ ȕȐȊȘȐȚȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȑȈȑțș ȚȈșȔȈȕ ȕȈȘȈ-ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ ȘȐȠȈȑȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒȐ; ȈȗȐ — ȖȌȕȈȒȖ; ȚȈȑȖȝ — Ȑȝ; ȊȐȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȗȘȈșȈȕȋȈȔ — ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ; ȘȈȔȈȔȈȕȈȑȖȝ — ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȊȠȐȝșȧ; ȕȐȊȘȐȚȚȈȝ — ȖȚȒȈȏȈȊȠȐȍșȧ; ȗȘȈȑȈȑțȝ — șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȖȚȉȣȓȐ; ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚȚțȌȈ; ȕȈȘȈ-ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ — Ȋ ȈȠȘȈȔ ǵȈȘȣ Ȑ ǵȈȘȈȧȕȣ. 14


15 ǻȊȐȌȍȊ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊț Ȑ ǷȈȘȊȈȚȐ, ȗȘȍȌȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ țșȓȈȌȈȔ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ șȊȧȚȣȍ ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȊȍȘȕțȓȐșȤ Ȑ țȠȓȐ Ȋ ȈȠȘȈȔ ǵȈȘȣ-ǵȈȘȈȧȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 32 ȚȈȌ ȐȌȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȈȝȈ ȗȘȐȑȈȑȈȝ ȗȘȐȑȈ-ȒȈȔȑȈȑȈ șȚȝȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȝ ȗȘȈȊȐȠȍȌ ȥȚȈȚ șȈ ȊȈȐ ȑȖȠȐȌ ȉȝȈȊȍȌ ȐȚȐ ȚȈȚ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ; ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȗȘȐȑȈȑȈȝ — șȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ Ȏȍȕȣ; ȗȘȐȑȈ-ȒȈȔȑȈȑȈ — ȘȈȌȐ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ; șȚȝȈȕȈȔ — ȔȍșȚȖ; ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȗȘȈȊȐȠȍȚ — ȊȖȑȌȍȚ; ȥȚȈȚ — Ȋ ȥȚȖ; șȈȝ — ȚȖȚ (ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ); ȊȈȐ — ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ; ȑȖȠȐȚ — ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ; ȉȝȈȊȍȚ — șȚȈȕȍȚ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ. ǺȖȋȌȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țșȗȖȒȖȐȚȤ șȊȖȦ Ȏȍȕț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǶȚȕȣȕȍ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȖȑȌȍȚ șȦȌȈ, șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț». ǺǭDzǹǺ 33 ȚȈȚȈ țȘȌȝȊȈȔ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȚȈȌ ȊȈȐ ȗțȘțȠȈ ȊȈȘȌȎȈȑȈȕȚȐ ȝȐ șȈ ȟȈȕțȟȈȘȈ-șȈȔȑțȒȚȈ ȊȐȟȈȟȈȘȈ ȊȈȕȈȌ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȚȈȚȈȝ țȘȌȝȊȈȔ — ș Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ; ȊȈȕȈȔ — ȓȍș; ȚȈȚ — ȚȖȚ; ȊȈȐ — ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ; ȗțȘțȠȈȝ — ȔțȎȟȐȕȣ; ȊȈȘȌȎȈȑȈȕȚȐ — ȐȏȉȍȋȈȦȚ; ȝȐ — ȖȌȕȈȒȖ; șȈ — ȖȕȈ (ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ); ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȕțȟȈȘȈ-șȈȔȑțȒȚȈ — șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȈȧ ȗȖȌȘțȋȈȔȐ; ȊȐȟȈȟȈȘȈ — ȗȍȘȍȝȖȌȐȓȈ; ȊȈȕȈȚ ȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȑȏ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȓȍșȈ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȖȑ. ǹ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ ȕȐ ȖȌȕȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȔțȎșȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȈ ȕȍ ȏȈȝȖȌȐȓȖ Ȋ ȚȖȚ ȓȍș. ǺȍȗȍȘȤ Ȏȍ ȞȈȘȤ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ Ȑ ȍȋȖ șȗțȚȕȐȒȐ, ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, ȉȍșȞȍȓȤȕȖ ȉȘȖȌȐȓȐ ȗȖ ȍȋȖ ȟȈȡȈȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (2.22) ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ: ȊȈșȈȔșȐ ȌȎȐȘȕȈȕȐ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȊȐȝȈȑȈ ȕȈȊȈȕȐ ȋȘȐȝȕȈȚȐ ȕȈȘȖ 'ȗȈȘȈȕȐ ȚȈȚȝȈ ȠȈȘȐȘȈȕȐ ȊȐȝȈȑȈ ȌȎȐȘȕȈȕȑ ȈȕȑȈȕȐ șȈȔȑȈȚȐ ȕȈȊȈȕȐ ȌȍȝȐ «DzȈȒ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, șȕȐȔȈȧ șȚȈȘȣȍ ȖȌȍȎȌȣ, ȕȈȌȍȊȈȍȚ ȕȖȊȣȍ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȌțȠȈ ȊȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȕȖȊȣȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȚȍȓȈ, ȖșȚȈȊȓȧȧ șȚȈȘȣȍ Ȑ ȉȍșȗȖȓȍȏȕȣȍ». ǺȍȓȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȖȌȍȎȌȍ, Ȑ ȏȌȍșȤ Ȕȣ ȊȐȌȐȔ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȔț. ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ șȗțȚȕȐȒȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȔțȎȟȐȕȈȔȐ, ȐȓȐ, ȐȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, Ȑȝ ȌțȠȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȗȖȒȘȣȚȣ ȖȉȖȓȖȟȒȖȑ ȔțȎșȒȖȑ ȗȓȖȚȐ, ȕȖ ȗȖȚȖȔ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, șȓȖȊȕȖ șȔȍȕȐȊ ȖȌȍȎȌț. ǬțȠȈ Ȏȍ ȖșȚȈȓȈșȤ ȗȘȍȎȕȍȑ. ǹȍȑȟȈș ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȖȗȍȘȈȞȐȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȔțȎȟȐȕț Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț, Ȉ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț — Ȋ ȔțȎȟȐȕț, ȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȕȐȒȈȒ ȕȍ ȊȓȐȧȍȚ ȕȈ ȌțȠț. ǺȍȓȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȔȍȕȧȚȤșȧ — Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȐȓȐ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ, — ȕȖ ȌțȠȈ 15


16 ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ șȈȔȖȑ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȗȖșȚȐȋȠȐȑ ȌțȠț Ȑ ȚȖ, ȒȈȒ ȖȕȈ ȗȍȘȍșȍȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȑȏ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȖȍ, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȌȈȍȚ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȧ Țȍȓț, ȐȉȖ ȏȕȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȖ — ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȖȌȍȎȌȈ. ǷȈȕȌȐȚȈȝ șȈȔȈ-ȌȈȘȠȐȕȈȝ . ǺȈȒȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȊȐȌȐȚ ȌțȠț, ȕȍȖȚȌȍȓȐȔțȦ ȟȈșȚȐȞț ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȍȋȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ șȈȔȈȌȈȘȠȐ, ȔțȌȘȣȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 34 ȈȚȝȈ ȚȈȔ ȈȠȘȈȔȈȉȝȑȈȠȍ ȟȈȘȈȕȚȐȔ ȗȘȈȔȈȌȖȚȚȈȔȈȔ șȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ ȗȈȘȐȊȘȐȚȈȔ ȊȐȒȠȑȈ ȟȈȒȈȔȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȉțȌȝȈȝ ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȍ; ȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȈȉȝȑȈȠȍ — ȗȖ șȖșȍȌșȚȊț ș ȈȠȘȈȔȖȔ; ȟȈȘȈȕȚȐȔ — ȘȈȏȋțȓȐȊȈȦȡțȦ; ȗȘȈȔȈȌȈ-țȚȚȈȔȈȔ — ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȍȑȠțȦ Ȑȏ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, ȊȖȏȉțȎȌȈȦȡțȦ ȗȖȓȖȊȖȍ ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȍ; șȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ — (ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ) ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ; ȗȈȘȐȊȘȐȚȈȔ — ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȕțȦ; ȊȐȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȟȈȒȈȔȍ — ȊȖȏȎȍȓȈȓ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȟȐȑ; ȉțȌȝȈȝ — ǩțȌȝȈ, șȣȕ dzțȕȣ, ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȖ, ȗȖȊȍȓȍȊȈȦȡȍȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȖȑ ǩțȌȝȈ (ǴȍȘȒțȘȐȑ). ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡțȦ ȕȍșȘȈȊȕȍȕȕȖȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȖȑ Ȑ șȗȖșȖȉȕțȦ ȗȘȖȉțȎȌȈȚȤ șȓȈȌȖșȚȘȈșȚȐȍ. ǶȕȈ ȉȓțȎȌȈȓȈ ȗȖ ȓȍșț Ȋ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȐ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ Ȑ ȊșȒȖȘȍ ȖȒȈȏȈȓȈșȤ ȉȓȐȏ ȈȠȘȈȔȈ ǩțȌȝȐ, șȣȕȈ ȉȖȋȈ dzțȕȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ, ȏȈȔȍȚȐȊ ȒȘȈșȈȊȐȞț, ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȊȖȏȋȖȘȍȓșȧ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ ȕȈșȓȈȌȐȚȤșȧ ȍȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 35 șȈȗȐ ȚȈȔ ȟȈȒȈȔȍ șțȉȝȘțȝ șȖȔȈȘȈȌȎȈ-șțȚȈȔ ȗȈȚȐȔ șȈ ȚȈșȑȈȔ ȌȎȈȕȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȗțȘțȘȈȊȈșȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȔ șȈ — ȖȕȈ (ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ); ȈȗȐ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ (ǩțȌȝț); ȟȈȒȈȔȍ — ȊȖȏȎȍȓȈȓȈ; șț-ȉȝȘțȝ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȒȘȈșȐȊȈȧ; șȖȔȈȘȈȌȎȈ-șțȚȈȔ — șȣȕȈ ȞȈȘȧ dzțȕȣ; ȗȈȚȐȔ — (ȒȈȒ) ȔțȎȈ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǩțȌȝȈ); ȚȈșȑȈȔ — Ȋ ȍȍ ȟȘȍȊȍ; ȌȎȈȕȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȗȖȘȖȌȐȓ; ȗțȘțȘȈȊȈșȈȔ — ǷțȘțȘȈȊț; ȈȚȔȈ-ȌȎȈȔ — șȣȕȈ. DzȘȈșȈȊȐȞȈ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓȈ ȍȔț ȊȏȈȐȔȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȓȈ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ǩțȌȝț, ȖȚȗȘȣșȒȈ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȧ dzțȕȣ, șȊȖȐȔ ȔțȎȍȔ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǩțȌȝȈ ȏȈȟȈȓ Ȋ ȍȍ ȓȖȕȍ șȣȕȈ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǷțȘțȘȈȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 36 ȥȊȈȔ șȚȘȐȚȊȈȔ ȈȕțȗȘȈȗȚȈȝ șțȌȑțȔȕȖ ȔȈȕȈȊȖ ȕȘȐȗȈȝ șȈșȔȈȘȈ șȈ ȒțȓȈȟȈȘȑȈȔ ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈȔ ȐȚȐ ȠțȠȘțȔȈ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; șȚȘȐȚȊȈȔ — ȎȍȕșȒțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț; ȈȕțȗȘȈȗȚȈȝ — ȖȉȘȍȚȠȐȑ; șțȌȑțȔȕȈȝ — ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȉȣȓ ȔțȎȟȐȕȖȑ; ȔȈȕȈȊȈȝ — șȣȕ ǴȈȕț; ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ; șȈșȔȈȘȈ — ȊșȗȖȔȕȐȓ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ; ȒțȓȈ-ȈȟȈȘȑȈȔ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ șȊȖȍȑ 16


17 șȍȔȤȐ; ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈȔ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȍȑȠȍȋȖ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝț; ȐȚȐ ȠțȠȘțȔȈ — ȚȈȒ (ȧ) șȓȣȠȈȓ (Ȑȏ ȕȈȌȍȎȕȣȝ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȊ). ȇ șȓȣȠȈȓ ȖȚ șȊȍȌțȡȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȟȚȖ ȞȈȘȤ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ, șȣȕ ǴȈȕț, ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȊȠȐȑșȧ Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț, ȊșȗȖȔȕȐȓ Ȗ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȍ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 37 șȈ ȚȈșȑȈ ȚȈȔ ȌȈȠȈȔ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȒȘȐȗȈȑȈ ȉȝȘȐȠȈ-ȗȐȌȐȚȈȝ șțȌȑțȔȕȈșȑȈȠȈȑȈȕ ȗțȔșȚȊȈȔ țȗȈȌȝȈȊȈȚȈ ȠȈȕȒȈȘȈȔ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ); ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȣ); ȚȈȔ — ȚȖ; ȌȈȠȈȔ — șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ; ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȒȘȐȗȈȑȈ — Ȑȏ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ; ȉȝȘȐȠȈ- ȗȐȌȐȚȈȝ — ȖȋȖȘȟȍȕȕȣȑ; șțȌȑțȔȕȈșȑȈ — Ȍȓȧ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȣ; ȈȠȈȑȈȕ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȑ; ȗțȔșȚȊȈȔ — ȔțȎșȒȖȑ ȖȉȓȐȒ; țȗȈȌȝȈȊȈȚȈ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ; ȠȈȕȒȈȘȈȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ. ǻȊȐȌȍȊ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕț Ȋ șȚȖȓȤ ȗȓȈȟȍȊȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ, ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȗȘȍȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓșȧ ȗȍȟȈȓȐ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȓ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤ ȞȈȘȍȊȐȟț ȍȋȖ ȔțȎșȒȖȑ ȖȉȓȐȒ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȈȟȈȓ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȍ (ȀȐȊȍ). ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 38 - 39 ȚțȠȚȈș ȚȈșȔȈȐ șȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȘȐȠȈȑȍ ȗȘȐȑȈȔ ȈȊȈȝȈȕ șȊȈȔ ȟȈ ȊȈȟȈȔ ȘȐȚȈȔ ȒțȘȊȈȕȕ ȐȌȈȔ ȈȝȈ ȊȐȠȈȔȗȈȚȍ ȔȈșȈȔ ȗțȔȈȕ șȈ ȉȝȈȊȐȚȈ ȔȈșȈȔ șȚȘȐ ȚȈȊȈ ȋȖȚȘȈȌȎȈȝ ȐȚȚȝȈȔ ȊȑȈȊȈșȚȝȈȑȈ ȒȈȔȈȔ șțȌȑțȔȕȖ 'ȊȈȚț ȔȍȌȐȕȐȔ ȚțȠȚȈȝ — țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ; ȚȈșȔȈȐ — ȚȖȔț (ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȍ); șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ); ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȍȑȠȐȑ; ȘȐȠȈȑȍ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț ȔțȌȘȍȞț; ȗȘȐȑȈȔ ȈȊȈȝȈȕ — ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȑ ȘȈȌȖșȚȤ; șȊȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ șȊȖȍ; ȊȈȟȈȔ — șȓȖȊȖ; ȘȐȚȈȔ — ȗȘȈȊȌȐȊȖȍ; ȒțȘȊȈȕ — ȝȘȈȕȧȡȐȑ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȊȐȠȈȔȗȈȚȍ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȔȈșȈȔ — ȔȍșȧȞ; ȗțȔȈȕ — ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ); ȉȝȈȊȐȚȈ — ȉțȌȍȚ; ȔȈșȈȔ — ȔȍșȧȞ; șȚȘȐ — ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ; ȚȈȊȈ — Ȋ ȚȊȖȍȑ; ȋȖȚȘȈ-ȌȎȈȝ — ȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȑșȧ Ȋ ȘȖȌț ȚȊȖȐȝ țȟȍȕȐȒȖȊ; ȐȚȚȝȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȊȑȈȊȈșȚȝȈȑȈ — ș țșȓȖȊȐȍȔ; ȒȈȔȈȔ — ȗȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȦ; șțȌȑțȔȕȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ; ȈȊȈȚț — ȗțșȚȤ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȍȚ; ȔȍȌȐȕȐȔ — ȔȐȘ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȖșȚȈȓșȧ ȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȖȑ. ǮȍȓȈȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ Ȑ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ șȓȖȊȖ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȗȕ ȌȈȓ ǷȈȘȊȈȚȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ șȊȧȚȖȔț: «ǺȊȖȑ țȟȍȕȐȒ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ ȖȌȐȕ ȔȍșȧȞ ȉțȌȍȚ ȔțȎȟȐȕȖȑ, Ȉ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȑ ȔȍșȧȞ — ȎȍȕȡȐȕȖȑ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ Ȗȕ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ ȔȐȘȖȔ».

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18 DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǯȌȍșȤ ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȊȈȎȕȖ șȓȖȊȖ ȋȖȚȘȈȌȎȈȝ . ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȖȉȣȟȕȖ șȚȈȕȖȊȧȚșȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔȐ țȟȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚ ț ȕȐȝ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ ȒȈȒ ț ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȗȈȘȈȔȗȈȘȣ, ȕȖ Ȑ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ șȊȧȏȈȕ ș ȕȐȔȐ ȒȘȖȊȕȣȔ ȘȖȌșȚȊȖȔ. ǰ Țȍ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ țȟȍȕȐȒȐ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚ Ȓ ȖȌȕȖȑ ȋȖȚȘȍ, ȐȓȐ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ. Ǫ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȍșȚȤ șȓțȟȈȐ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ ȊȈȑȠȤȐ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚ Ȓ ȋȖȚȘȍ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȚȖȋȖ Ȏȍ ȘȐȠȐ . ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȋȖȚȘȈ Ȑ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȧ — ȖȌȕȖ Ȑ ȚȖ Ȏȍ, ȕȍȚ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȣ ȔȍȎȌț țȟȍȕȐȒȈȔȐ Ȑ ȟȓȍȕȈȔȐ șȍȔȤȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȊȧȏȈȕȣ ȒȘȖȊȕȣȔȐ țȏȈȔȐ. ǺȈȒȖȑ ȗȖȘȧȌȖȒ șȖȝȘȈȕȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǰȕȌȐȐ ȗȖ șȍȑ ȌȍȕȤ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ Ȋ șȓțȟȈȍ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȧ ȉȘȈȒȖȊ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȊȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȋȖȚȘȍ . ǯȌȍșȤ șȓȖȊȖ ȋȖȚȘȈȌȎȈȝ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȑ Ȓ ȟȓȍȕȈȔ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ, Ȑ Ȓ țȟȍȕȐȒȈȔ ȖȌȕȖȑ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȞȍȗȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 40 ȈȟȈȘȑȈȕțȋȘȈȝȈȚ ȒȈȔȈȔ ȓȈȉȌȝȊȈ ȗțȔșȚȊȈȔ ȊȑȈȊȈșȚȝȈȑȈ ȗȈȓȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȌȎȈȋȈȚȐȔ ȕȈȉȝȑȈȕȈȕȌȈȕ șȔȈ ȚȈȔ ȗȘȈȌȎȈȝ ȈȟȈȘȑȈ-ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȈȚ — ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ; ȒȈȔȈȔ — ȎȍȓȈȍȔțȦ; ȓȈȉȌȝȊȈ — ȖȉȘȍȚȧ; ȗțȔșȚȊȈȔ — ȔțȎșȒțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț; ȊȑȈȊȈșȚȝȈȑȈ — ȘȍȠȍȕȐȍȔ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊȣ); ȗȈȓȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȗȘȈȊȐȓ; ȌȎȈȋȈȚȐȔ — ȊȍșȤ ȔȐȘ; ȕȈ ȈȉȝȑȈȕȈȕȌȈȕ șȔȈ — ȕȍ ȘȈȌȖȊȈȓȐșȤ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȔț (ȞȈȘȦ); ȗȘȈȌȎȈȝ — ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȍ. ǺȈȒ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ Ȑ ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊȣ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ șȕȖȊȈ șȚȈȓ ȔțȎȟȐȕȖȑ, ȝȖȚȧ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȔȍșȧȞ ȍȔț ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȓȖșȤ ȔȍȕȧȚȤ ȔțȎșȒȖȑ ȖȉȓȐȒ ȕȈ ȎȍȕșȒȐȑ. ȅȚȖ ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈȌȖȊȈȓȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȕȖ ȚȈȒ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȈȟȍ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȓȖ ȍȔț ȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȕȧȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȞȈȘȤ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȔȍșȧȞ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȗȖȓȖȊȐȕț ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ ȞȈȘșȒȐȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȖȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȕȍȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 41 ȚȈșȑȖȚȒȈȓȖ ȋȈȑȖ ȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȊȐȔȈȓȈȠ ȟȈ ȚȘȈȑȈȝ șțȚȈȝ ȌȈȒȠȐȕȈ-ȗȈȚȝȈ-ȘȈȌȎȈȕȖ ȉȈȉȝțȊțȘ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȈȚșȈȓȈȝ ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȣ); țȚȒȈȓȈȝ — ǻȚȒȈȓȈ; ȋȈȑȈȝ — ǫȈȧ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȊȐȔȈȓȈȝ ȟȈ — Ȑ ǪȐȔȈȓȈ; ȚȘȈȑȈȝ — ȚȘȖȍ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕȖȊȤȧ; ȌȈȒȠȐȕȈȗȈȚȝȈ — ȦȎȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȔȐȘȈ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕȈȝ — ȞȈȘȐ; ȉȈȉȝțȊțȝ — șȚȈȓȐ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȈȚșȈȓȈȝ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȍ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, ț ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȣ ȉȣȓȖ ȚȘȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȉȓȈȋȖȕȘȈȊȕȣȝ șȣȕȈ: ǻȚȒȈȓȈ, ǫȈȧ Ȑ ǪȐȔȈȓȈ. Ǫșȍ ȖȕȐ șȚȈȓȐ ȞȈȘȧȔȐ ǬȈȒȠȐȕȈ-ȗȈȚȝȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 42 18


19 ȚȈȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȐȕȈȚȍ ȒȈȓȍ ȗȘȈȚȐȠȚȝȈȕȈ-ȗȈȚȐȝ ȗȘȈȉȝțȝ ȗțȘțȘȈȊȈșȈ țȚșȘȐȌȎȑȈ ȋȈȔ ȗțȚȘȈȑȈ ȋȈȚȖ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȗȈȘȐȕȈȚȍ ȒȈȓȍ — ȗȖ ȗȘȖȠȍșȚȊȐȐ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ; ȗȘȈȚȐȠȚȝȈȕȈ-ȗȈȚȐȝ — ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ; ȗȘȈȉȝțȝ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ; ȗțȘțȘȈȊȈșȍ — ǷțȘțȘȈȊȍ; țȚșȘȐȌȎȑȈ — ȖȚȌȈȊ; ȋȈȔ — ȔȐȘ; ȗțȚȘȈȑȈ — șȣȕț; ȋȈȚȈȝ — țȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȍș. DzȖȋȌȈ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ, ȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐȑ ȔȐȘȖȔ, șȖșȚȈȘȐȓșȧ, Ȗȕ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ șȊȖȍȔț șȚȈȘȠȍȔț șȣȕț ǷțȘțȘȈȊȍ, Ȉ șȈȔ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔ ǪȍȌ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț, ȎȐȊțȡȍȔț ȗȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȍȚșȧ ȗȧȚȤȌȍșȧȚ ȓȍȚ, Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ șȍȔȍȑȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ (ȗȈȕȟȈȠȈȌ țȘȌȝȊȈȔ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȊȘȈȌȎȍȚ) . ǹȓȍȌțȧ ȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȦ, ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ ȖȚȘȍȒșȧ ȖȚ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȗȍȘȊȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǬȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǾȈȘȤ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț».

Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɜɬɨɪɚɹ. ɉɨɬɨɦɤɢ ɫɵɧɨɜɟɣ Ɇɚɧɭ ǪȖ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȧȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȕț, șȚȈȘȠȐȔ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓ DzȈȘțȠȈ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝț, ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȈ ǴȈȕț, ȎȍȓȈȧ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȍȡȍ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, șȚȈȓ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖȏȎȍ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȐȓȖșȤ ȌȍșȧȚȤ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, Ȋ ȟȐșȓȍ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț. Ǫșȍ ȖȕȐ ȗȖȝȖȌȐȓȐ ȕȈ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ. ǶȌȕȖȔț Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ, ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ, ȉȣȓȖ ȗȖȘțȟȍȕȖ ȖȝȘȈȕȧȚȤ ȒȖȘȖȊ. ǪȣȗȖȓȕȧȧ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, Ȗȕ șȚȖȘȖȎȐȓ Ȑȝ ȒȈȎȌțȦ ȕȖȟȤ ș ȔȍȟȖȔ Ȋ ȘțȒȈȝ. Ǫ ȖȌȕț Ȑȏ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȕȖȟȍȑ, ȒȖȋȌȈ șȚȖȧȓȈ ȕȍȗȘȖȋȓȧȌȕȈȧ ȚȤȔȈ, ȚȐȋȘ ȗȘȖȉȘȈȓșȧ Ȋ ȒȖȘȖȊȕȐȒ Ȑ țȚȈȡȐȓ ȒȖȘȖȊț. ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ ȗȖȋȕȈȓșȧ ȏȈ ȕȐȔ ș ȔȍȟȖȔ Ȋ ȘțȒȍ. Dz ȕȍșȟȈșȚȤȦ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ, ȉȣȓȖ ȚȈȒ ȚȍȔȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȊȔȍșȚȖ ȚȐȋȘȈ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ țȌȈȘȐȓ ȔȍȟȖȔ ȒȖȘȖȊț Ȑ țȉȐȓ ȍȍ. ǻȏȕȈȊ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ, ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȣ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓ ȍȋȖ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍȒ ȕȈ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ ȠțȌȘ . ǵȖ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ șȚȈȓ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȖȑ Ȑ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ Ȗȕ ȌȖȉȘȖȊȖȓȤȕȖ ȊȖȠȍȓ Ȋ ȗȣȓȈȦȡȐȑ ȓȍșȕȖȑ ȗȖȎȈȘ, ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ Ȑ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț. DzȈȊȐ, ȔȓȈȌȠȐȑ șȣȕ ǴȈȕț, ș ȘȈȕȕȍȋȖ ȌȍȚșȚȊȈ ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǹȣȕ ǴȈȕț ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ DzȈȘțȠȈ ȖșȕȖȊȈȓ ȘȖȌ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ, ȐȔȍȕțȍȔȣȝ DzȈȘțȠȈȔȐ. ǬȘțȋȖȑ șȣȕ ǴȈȕț, ǬȝȘȐȠȚȈ, șȚȈȓ ȘȖȌȖȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȐȒȖȔ ȍȡȍ ȖȌȕȖȑ ȊȍȚȊȐ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ, ȕȖ, ȝȖȚȧ ȖșȕȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȔ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ Ȑ ȉȣȓ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ș ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧ, ȍȋȖ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȐ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ . ǶȚ ǵȘȐȋȐ, ȍȡȍ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț, ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȓȐ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ Ȑ ȊȕțȒȐ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹțȔȈȚȐ, ǩȝțȚȈȌȎȤȖȚȐ Ȑ ǪȈșț. ǪȈșț, Ȋ șȊȖȑ ȟȍȘȍȌ, ȘȖȌȐȓ ǷȘȈȚȐȒț, Ȉ ǷȘȈȚȐȒȈ — ǶȋȝȈȊȈȕȈ. ǷȖȚȖȔȒȈȔȐ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǵȈȘȐȠȤȧȕȚȣ, ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț, șȚȈȓȐ ȟȐȚȘȈșȍȕȈ, ǸȐȒȠȈ, ǴȐȌȝȊȈȕ, ǷțȘȕȈ, ǰȕȌȘȈșȍȕȈ, 19


20 ǪȐȚȐȝȖȚȘȈ, ǹȈȚȤȧȠȘȈȊȈ, ǻȘțȠȘȈȊȈ, ǬȍȊȈȌȈȚȚȈ Ȑ ǨȋȕȐȊȍȠȤȧ. ǶȚ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧ ǨȋȕȐȊȍȠȤȐ ȉȍȘȍȚ ȕȈȟȈȓȖ ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȣȑ ȘȖȌ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȐȔȍȕțȍȔȣȑ ǨȋȕȐȊȍȠȤȧȧȕȖȑ. ǷȖȚȖȔȒȖȔ ȘȖȌȈ ǬȐȠȚȣ, ȍȡȍ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț, șȚȈȓ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ, Ȉ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȘȖȌț ȗȖȧȊȐȓȐșȤ ǩȝȈȓȈȕȌȈȕȈ, ǪȈȚșȈȗȘȐȚȐ, ǷȘȈȔȠț, ǷȘȈȔȈȚȐ, DzȝȈȕȐȚȘȈ, ǿȈȒȠțȠȈ, ǪȐȊȐȔȠȈȚȐ, ǸȈȔȉȝȈ, DzȝȈȕȐȕȍȚȘȈ, DzȈȘȈȕȌȈȔȈ, ǨȊȐȒȠȐȚ, ǴȈȘțȚȚȈ, ǬȈȔȈ, ǸȈȌȎȤȧȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȈ, ǹțȌȝȘȐȚȐ, ǵȈȘȈ, DzȍȊȈȓȈ, ǬȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȕ, ǪȍȋȈȊȈȕ, ǩțȌȝȈ, ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȌȘțȋȐȍ. ǻ ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț ȘȖȌȐȓȈșȤ ȌȖȟȤ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǰȓȈȊȐȓȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ șȚȈȓȈ ȗȖȚȖȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȤȦ DzțȊȍȘȣ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȕȍȍ ț ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț ȉȣȓȖ ȚȘȐ șȣȕȈ: ǪȐȠȈȓȈ, ȀțȕȤȧȉȈȕȌȝț Ȑ ǬȝțȔȘȈȒȍȚț. ǹȣȕȈ ǪȐȠȈȓȣ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǽȍȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ, ȊȕțȒȈ — ǬȝțȔȘȈȒȠȍȑ, Ȉ ȗȘȈȊȕțȒȈ — ǹȈȔȤȧȔȖȑ. ǻ ǹȈȔȤȧȔȣ ȉȣȓȖ ȌȊȈ șȣȕȈ — ǬȍȊȈȌȎȈ Ȑ DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȈ. ǹȣȕ DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȣ, ǹȖȔȈȌȈȚȚȈ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈ Ȑ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȧșȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț, ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ — ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȥȊȈȔ ȋȈȚȍ 'ȚȝȈ șțȌȑțȔȕȍ ȔȈȕțȘ ȊȈȐȊȈșȊȈȚȈȝ șțȚȍ ȗțȚȘȈ-ȒȈȔȈș ȚȈȗȈș Țȍȗȍ ȑȈȔțȕȈȑȈȔ ȠȈȚȈȔ șȈȔȈȝ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȋȈȚȍ — ȗȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȐȐ ȖȉȘȈȏȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝȐ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; șțȌȑțȔȕȍ — ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȖȑ; ȔȈȕțȝ ȊȈȐȊȈșȊȈȚȈȝ — ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȈ ǴȈȕț (ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȈ); șțȚȍ — șȣȕȖȔ; ȗțȚȘȈ-ȒȈȔȈȝ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȑ ȐȔȍȚȤ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; ȚȈȗȈȝ Țȍȗȍ — ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȓșȧ ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊț; ȑȈȔțȕȈȑȈȔ — ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ȇȔțȕȣ; ȠȈȚȈȔ șȈȔȈȝ — șȚȖ ȓȍȚ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: DzȖȋȌȈ ǹțȌȤȦȔȕȈ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝț, ȍȋȖ ȖȚȍȞ, ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȈ ǴȈȕț [ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȈ], ȗȖȎȍȓȈȊ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȌȘțȋȐȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋ ȇȔțȕȣ Ȑ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ șȚȈ ȓȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȓșȧ șțȘȖȊȖȑ ȈșȒȍȏȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȚȈȚȖ 'ȑȈȌȎȈȕ ȔȈȕțȘ ȌȍȊȈȔ ȈȗȈȚȑȈȘȚȝȈȔ ȝȈȘȐȔ ȗȘȈȉȝțȔ ȐȒȠȊȈȒț-ȗțȘȊȈȌȎȈȕ ȗțȚȘȈȕ ȓȍȉȝȍ șȊȈ-șȈȌȘȐȠȈȕ ȌȈȠȈ ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ; ȈȑȈȌȎȈȚ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ; ȔȈȕțȝ — ǪȈȑȊȈșȊȈȚȈ ǴȈȕț; ȌȍȊȈȔ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȗȈȚȑȈ-ȈȘȚȝȈȔ — ȘȈȌȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; ȝȈȘȐȔ — ǽȈȘȐ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȘȈȉȝțȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȐȒȠȊȈȒț-ȗțȘȊȈ-ȌȎȈȕ — Țȍȝ, șȚȈȘȠȐȔ șȘȍȌȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț; ȗțȚȘȈȕ — șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; ȓȍȉȝȍ — ȖȉȘȍȓ; șȊȈșȈȌȘȐȠȈȕ — ȚȈȒȐȝ Ȏȍ, ȒȈȒ Ȗȕ șȈȔ; ȌȈȠȈ — ȌȍșȧȚȤ. ǺȈȒ ǴȈȕț ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȀȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȦ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, ȗȘȖșȧ ǭȋȖ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȍȔț șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȌȈȘȐȓ ǴȈȕț ȌȍșȧȚȤȦ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ, ȒȈȎȌȣȑ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓ Ȋ ȚȖȟȕȖșȚȐ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ șȊȖȍȔț ȖȚȞț. ǹȚȈȘȠȍȋȖ șȣȕȈ ȕȈȏȊȈȓȐ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț. 20


21 ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȗȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈș Țț ȔȈȕȖȝ ȗțȚȘȖ ȋȖ-ȗȈȓȖ ȋțȘțȕȈ ȒȘȐȚȈȝ ȗȈȓȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȋȈ ȑȈȚȚȖ ȘȈȚȘȑȈȔ ȊȐȘȈșȈȕȈ-ȊȘȈȚȈȝ ȗȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈȝ Țț — ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ; ȔȈȕȖȝ — ǴȈȕț; ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȋȖ- ȗȈȓȈȝ — ȗȈșȚțȝ; ȋțȘțȕȈ — (ȗȖ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȦ) șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ; ȒȘȐȚȈȝ — ȏȈȕȧȚȣȑ; ȗȈȓȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȖȉȍȘȍȋȈȓ; ȋȈȝ — ȒȖȘȖȊ; ȑȈȚȚȈȝ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȟȍȋȖ; ȘȈȚȘȑȈȔ — ȕȖȟȤȦ; ȊȐȘȈșȈȕȈ-ȊȘȈȚȈȝ — ȌȈȊȠȐȑ ȖȉȍȚ ȊȐȘȈșȈȕȈ (ȖȝȘȈȕȧȚȤ ȒȖȘȖȊ ș ȔȍȟȖȔ Ȋ ȘțȒȈȝ). ǶȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȌȍșȧȚȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȕț, ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȕȐȦ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, șȚȈȓ ȖȝȘȈȕȧȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȒȖȘȖȊ. DzȈȎȌțȦ ȕȖȟȤ ș ȔȍȟȖȔ Ȋ ȘțȒȈȝ Ȗȕ șȚȖȘȖȎȐȓ șȚȈȌȖ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǶȉȍȚ ȊȐȘȈșȈȕȈ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȈȍȚ ȒȓȧȚȊț ȒȈȎȌțȦ ȕȖȟȤ ș ȔȍȟȖȔ Ȋ ȘțȒȈȝ ȖȝȘȈȕȧȚȤ ȒȖȘȖȊ. ǺȖȚ ȜȈȒȚ, ȟȚȖ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓșȧ ȥȚȐȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, șȊȐȌȍȚȍȓȤșȚȊțȍȚ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȊ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȊȈȎȕȣȔ ȌȍȓȖȔ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȏȈȡȐȚȈ ȒȖȘȖȊ. ǹȣȕȖȊȤȧ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȌȈȊȈȓȐ ȖȉȍȚ ȖȝȘȈȕȧȚȤ ȒȖȘȖȊ ȖȚ șȊȐȘȍȗȣȝ ȏȊȍȘȍȑ ȌȕȍȔ Ȑ ȕȖȟȤȦ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȕȖȔ țȉȐȑșȚȊȍ ȒȖȘȖȊ ȕȈ șȒȖȚȖȉȖȑȕȧȝ? ȅȚȖ șȈȔȣȑ șȚȘȈȠȕȣȑ ȋȘȍȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȔȖȋțȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȓȦȌȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȥȒȈȌȈ ȗȘȈȊȐȠȈȌ ȋȖȠȚȝȈȔ ȠȈȘȌțȓȖ ȕȐȠȐ ȊȈȘȠȈȚȐ ȠȈȑȈȕȈ ȋȈȊȈ țȚȚȝȈȑȈ ȉȝȐȚȈș ȚȈ ȉȈȉȝȘȈȔțȘ ȊȘȈȌȎȍ ȥȒȈȌȈ — ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ; ȗȘȈȊȐȠȈȚ — ȗȘȖȉȘȈȓșȧ; ȋȖȠȚȝȈȔ — Ȋ ȏȈȋȖȕ Ȍȓȧ ȒȖȘȖȊ; ȠȈȘȌțȓȈȝ — ȚȐȋȘ; ȕȐȠȐ — ȕȖȟȤȦ; ȊȈȘȠȈȚȐ — ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȌȖȎȌȧ; ȠȈȑȈȕȈȝ — ȓȍȎȈȡȐȍ; ȋȈȊȈȝ — ȒȖȘȖȊȣ; țȚȚȝȈȑȈ — ȊșȒȖȟȐȊ; ȉȝȐȚȈȝ — ȕȈȗțȋȈȕȕȣȍ; ȚȈȝ — ȖȕȐ; ȉȈȉȝȘȈȔțȝ — ȘȈȏȉȍȎȈȓȐșȤ; ȊȘȈȌȎȍ — ȗȖ ȗȖȓȦ (ȊȖȒȘțȋ ȏȈȋȖȕȈ). ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȚȍȔȕȖȑ ȕȍȕȈșȚȕȖȑ ȕȖȟȤȦ Ȋ ȒȖȘȖȊȕȐȒ ȗȘȖȉȘȈȓșȧ ȚȐȋȘ. ǷȖȟțȧȊ ȏȊȍȘȧ, ȔȐȘȕȖ ȓȍȎȈȊȠȐȍ ȌȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȒȖȘȖȊȣ Ȋ șȚȘȈȝȍ ȊșȒȖȟȐȓȐ Ȑ șȚȈȓȐ ȔȍȚȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖ ȊȣȋȖȕț. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 5 - 6 ȥȒȈȔ ȌȎȈȋȘȈȝȈ ȉȈȓȈȊȈȕ șȈ ȟțȒȘȖȠȈ ȉȝȈȑȈȚțȘȈ ȚȈșȑȈș Țț ȒȘȈȕȌȐȚȈȔ ȠȘțȚȊȈ ȗȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȖ 'ȕțșȈșȈȘȈ ȝȈ ȒȝȈȌȋȈȔ ȈȌȈȑȈ ȚȈȘȈșȈ ȗȘȈȓȐȕȖȌț-ȋȈȕȍ ȕȐȠȐ ȈȌȎȈȕȈȕȕ ȈȟȟȝȐȕȖȌ ȉȈȉȝȘȖȝ ȠȐȘȈȝ ȠȈȘȌțȓȈ-ȠȈȕȒȈȑȈ 21


22 ȥȒȈȔ — ȖȌȕț (ȒȖȘȖȊț); ȌȎȈȋȘȈȝȈ — șȝȊȈȚȐȓ; ȉȈȓȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȟȐȑ (ȚȐȋȘ); șȈ — ȥȚȈ (ȒȖȘȖȊȈ); ȟțȒȘȖȠȈ — ȏȈȒȘȐȟȈȓȈ; ȉȝȈȑȈ-ȈȚțȘȈ — ȗȘȍȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȈȧ șȚȘȈȝȈ Ȑ ȋȖȘȧ; ȚȈșȑȈȝ — ȍȍ; Țț — ȕȖ; ȒȘȈȕȌȐȚȈȔ — ȒȘȐȒ; ȠȘțȚȊȈ — țșȓȣȝȈȊ; ȗȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈȝ — ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ; ȈȕțșȈșȈȘȈ ȝȈ — ȗȘȐȉȍȎȈȓ; ȒȝȈȌȋȈȔ — Ȕȍȟ; ȈȌȈȑȈ — ȊȏȧȊ; ȚȈȘȈșȈ — ȗȖșȗȍȠȕȖ; ȗȘȈȓȐȕȈ-țȌț-ȋȈȕȍ — ȒȖȋȌȈ șȊȍȚ ȏȊȍȏȌ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȕȐȒȈȍȚ șȒȊȖȏȤ ȖȉȓȈȒȈ; ȕȐȠȐ — ȕȖȟȤȦ; ȈȌȎȈȕȈȕ — ȕȍ ȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ; ȈȟȟȝȐȕȖȚ — ȖȚȘțȉȐȓ; ȉȈȉȝȘȖȝ — ȒȖȘȖȊȣ; ȠȐȘȈȝ — ȋȖȓȖȊț; ȠȈȘȌțȓȈ-ȠȈȕȒȈȑȈ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖ ȖȠȐȉȒȍ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȍȍ ȏȈ ȚȐȋȘȐȕțȦ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȔȖȋțȟȐȑ ȚȐȋȘ ȕȈȉȘȖșȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȖȌȕț Ȑȏ ȒȖȘȖȊ, ȚȈ ȋȘȖȔȒȖ ȏȈȔȣȟȈȓȈ ȖȚ ȉȖȓȐ Ȑ șȚȘȈȝȈ. ǻșȓȣȠȈȊ ȍȍ ȘȍȊ, ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȗȖșȗȍȠȐȓ ȕȈ ȗȖȔȖȡȤ. Ƕȕ ȏȈȔȈȝȕțȓșȧ ȔȍȟȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȉȐȚȤ ȝȐȡȕȐȒȈ, ȕȖ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȚțȟȐ ȏȈȊȖȓȖȒȓȐ ȏȊȍȏȌȕȖȍ ȕȍȉȖ, Ȗȕ ȊȖ ȚȤȔȍ șȗțȚȈȓ ȒȖȘȖȊț ș ȚȐȋȘȖȔ Ȑ ȔȖȋțȟȐȔ țȌȈȘȖȔ ȔȍȟȈ ȖȚșȍȒ ȍȑ ȋȖȓȖȊț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȊȑȈȋȝȘȖ 'ȗȐ ȊȘȐȒȕȈ-ȠȘȈȊȈȕȖ ȕȐșȚȘȐȔȠȈȋȘȈȝȈȚȈș ȚȈȚȈȝ ȕȐȠȟȈȒȘȈȔȈ ȉȝȘȐȠȈȔ ȉȝȐȚȖ ȘȈȒȚȈȔ ȗȈȚȝȐ șȈȔțȚșȘȐȌȎȈȕ ȊȑȈȋȝȘȈȝ — ȚȐȋȘ; ȈȗȐ — ȚȖȎȍ; ȊȘȐȒȕȈ-ȠȘȈȊȈȕȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȖȚșȍȟȍȕȖ țȝȖ; ȕȐșȚȘȐȔȠȈ-ȈȋȘȈ-ȈȝȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȌȍȚȣȑ ȒȖȕȟȐȒȖȔ ȔȍȟȈ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ; ȕȐȠȟȈȒȘȈȔȈ — țȉȍȎȈȓ (ȖȚȚțȌȈ); ȉȝȘȐȠȈȔ — ȖȟȍȕȤ; ȉȝȐȚȈȝ — ȕȈȗțȋȈȕȕȣȑ; ȘȈȒȚȈȔ — ȒȘȖȊȤ; ȗȈȚȝȐ — ȕȈ ȌȖȘȖȋț; șȈȔțȚșȘȐȌȎȈȕ — ȗȘȖȓȐȊȈȦȡȐȑ. ǺȐȋȘ ȉȣȓ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȏȈȌȍȚ ȔȍȟȖȔ Ȑ ȓȐȠȐȓșȧ țȝȈ. ǰșȚȍȒȈȧ ȒȘȖȊȤȦ, ȕȈȗțȋȈȕȕȣȑ ȏȊȍȘȤ ȉȘȖșȐȓșȧ ȗȘȖȟȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȔȈȕȑȈȔȈȕȖ ȝȈȚȈȔ ȊȑȈȋȝȘȈȔ ȗȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈȝ ȗȈȘȈ-ȊȐȘȈ-ȝȈ ȈȌȘȈȒȠȐȚ șȊȈ-ȝȈȚȈȔ ȉȈȉȝȘțȔ ȊȑțȠȚȈȑȈȔ ȕȐȠȐ ȌțȝȒȝȐȚȈȝ ȔȈȕȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȌțȔȈȦȡȐȑ; ȝȈȚȈȔ — Ȗȉ țȉȐȚȖȔ; ȊȑȈȋȝȘȈȔ — ȚȐȋȘȍ; ȗȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈȝ — șȣȕ ǴȈȕț ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ; ȗȈȘȈ-ȊȐȘȈ-ȝȈ — șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȑ ȒȈȘȈȚȤ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ; ȈȌȘȈȒȠȐȚ — țȊȐȌȍȓ; șȊȈ-ȝȈȚȈȔ — țȉȐȚțȦ ȐȔ; ȉȈȉȝȘțȔ — ȒȖȘȖȊț; ȊȑțȠȚȈȑȈȔ ȕȐȠȐ — ȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȖȟȤ ȗȘȖȠȓȈ (țȚȘȖȔ); ȌțȝȒȝȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȊȠȐȑ șȍȉȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȕȣȔ. ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ, ȗȖȒȖȘȐȚȍȓȤ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ, ȉȣȓ țȊȍȘȍȕ, ȟȚȖ ȕȖȟȤȦ țȉȐȓ ȚȐȋȘȈ, ȕȖ, țȊȐȌȍȊ țȚȘȖȔ ȔȍȘȚȊțȦ ȒȖȘȖȊț, Ȗȕ șȐȓȤȕȖ ȖȋȖȘȟȐȓșȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȚȈȔ ȠȈȠȈȗȈ ȒțȓȈȟȈȘȑȈȝ ȒȘȐȚȈȋȈșȈȔ ȈȒȈȔȈȚȈȝ ȕȈ ȒȠȈȚȘȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝțȝ ȠțȌȘȈș ȚȊȈȔ 22


23 ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈ ȉȝȈȊȐȚȈȔțȕȈ ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ (ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘț); ȠȈȠȈȗȈ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓ; ȒțȓȈ-ȈȟȈȘȑȈȝ — șȊȧȡȍȕȕȐȒ ȍȋȖ șȍȔȤȐ (ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ); ȒȘȐȚȈ-ȈȋȈșȈȔ — șȖȊȍȘȠȐȊȠȍȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȋȘȍȝ (țȉȐȍȕȐȍ ȒȖȘȖȊȣ); ȈȒȈȔȈȚȈȝ — ȕȍ ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȑ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȒȠȈȚȘȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝțȝ — ȟȓȍȕ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȑșȒȖȑ șȍȔȤȐ; ȠțȌȘȈȝ ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ (ȗȖșȚțȗȐȓ ȒȈȒ) ȠțȌȘȈ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈ — ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȔ (ȍȋȖ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍȔ); ȉȝȈȊȐȚȈ — șȚȈȕȍȠȤ (ȠțȌȘȖȑ); ȈȔțȕȈ — ȥȚȐȔ (țȉȐȍȕȐȍȔ ȒȖȘȖȊȣ). ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȋȘȍȝ ȕȍȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȕȖ, ȕȖ ȎȘȍȞ ȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓ ȍȋȖ șȖ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ: «ǯȈ ȚȖ ȟȚȖ Țȣ țȉȐȓ ȒȖȘȖȊț, Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Țȣ ȘȖȌȐȠȤșȧ ȕȍ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȔ, Ȉ ȠțȌȘȖȑ». DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹțȌȧ ȗȖ ȥȚȖȔț șȓțȟȈȦ, ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȚȈȔȖ-ȋțȕȣ, ȋțȕȣ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. DzȈȒ șȍȔȍȑȕȣȑ ȎȘȍȞ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȣ, ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ șȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȚȕȍșȚȐșȤ Ȓ șȓțȟȐȊȠȍȔțșȧ. ǵȖ Ȗȕ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘț Ȑ ȖȉȘȍȒ ȍȋȖ ȕȈ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȋ Țȍȓȍ ȠțȌȘȣ . ǶȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ șȍȔȍȑȕȖȋȖ ȋțȘț — ȕȍ ȗȘȖȒȓȐȕȈȚȤ țȟȍȕȐȒȈ, Ȉ ȕȈȏȕȈȟȐȚȤ ȍȔț ȗȖȒȈȧȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ șȔȧȋȟȐȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȋȘȍȝ. ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ, ȗȖșȚțȗȐȓ ȗȘȧȔȖ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȉȣȓ ȌțȘȔȈȚȐ — ȕȍ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ țȔȕȣȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȥȊȈȔ ȠȈȗȚȈș Țț ȋțȘțȕȈ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȋȘȐȝȕȈȚ ȒȘȐȚȈȕȌȎȈȓȐȝ ȈȌȝȈȘȈȑȈȌ ȊȘȈȚȈȔ ȊȐȘȈ țȘȌȝȊȈ-ȘȍȚȈ ȔțȕȐ-ȗȘȐȑȈȔ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȠȈȗȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȣȑ; Țț — ȖȌȕȈȒȖ; ȋțȘțȕȈ — șȊȖȐȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ; ȗȘȈȚȑȈȋȘȐȝȕȈȚ — (ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ) ȗȘȐȕȧȓ; ȒȘȐȚȈ- ȈȕȌȎȈȓȐȝ — șȓȖȎȐȊȠȐȑ ȘțȒȐ ȗȍȘȍȌ șȖȉȖȑ; ȈȌȝȈȘȈȑȈȚ — ȗȘȐȕȧȓ; ȊȘȈȚȈȔ — ȖȉȍȚ (șȖȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȤȦ ); ȊȐȘȈȝ — ȋȍȘȖȑ; țȘȌȝȊȈ- ȘȍȚȈȝ — ȖȊȓȈȌȍȊȠȐȑ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔȐ; ȔțȕȐ-ȗȘȐȑȈȔ — ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȊȠȐȑ ȖȌȖȉȘȍȕȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ. ǬȖȉȓȍșȚȕȣȑ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ, șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ șȓȖȎȐȊ ȓȈȌȖȕȐ, ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. Ƕȕ țșȔȐȘȐȓ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȌȈȓ ȖȉȍȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȤȐ, ȖȌȖȉȘȧȍȔȖȑ ȊșȍȔȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 11 - 13 ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ șȈȘȊȈȚȔȈȕȐ ȗȈȘȍ 'ȔȈȓȍ ȥȒȈȕȚȐȚȊȈȔ ȋȈȚȖ ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈ-șțȝȘȐȚ șȈȔȈȝ ȊȐȔțȒȚȈ-șȈȕȋȈȝ ȠȈȕȚȈȚȔȈ șȈȔȑȈȚȈȒȠȖ 'ȗȈȘȐȋȘȈȝȈȝ ȑȈȌ-ȘȐȟȟȝȈȑȖȗȈȗȈȕȕȍȕȈ ȒȈȓȗȈȑȈȕ ȊȘȐȚȚȐȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ 23


24 ȈȚȔȈȕȑ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȈȌȝȈȑȈ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȚȘȐȗȚȈȝ șȈȔȈȝȐȚȈȝ ȊȐȟȈȟȈȘȈ ȔȈȝȐȔ ȥȚȈȔ ȌȎȈȌȈȕȌȝȈ-ȉȈȌȝȐȘȈȒȘȐȚȐȝ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ — Ȋ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ — Ȋ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȐ — Ȋ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ; ȗȈȘȍ — Ȋ ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ; ȈȔȈȓȍ — Ȋ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȍ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȕȖȑ ȕȐȟȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ; ȥȒȈȕȚȐȚȊȈȔ — Ȓ ȉȍȏȘȈȏȌȍȓȤȕȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ — ș ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈșțȝȘȐȚ șȈȔȈȝ — ȌȘțȎȍȓȦȉȕȣȑ Ȑ ȘȈȊȕȖ ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȑșȧ Ȓ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț (ȉțȌțȟȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ); ȊȐȔțȒȚȈ-șȈȕȋȈȝ — ȕȍ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȕȣȑ ȕȐȟȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ; ȠȈȕȚȈȈȚȔȈ — țȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ; șȈȔȑȈȚȈ — ȖȊȓȈȌȍȊȠȐȑ șȖȉȖȑ; ȈȒȠȈȝ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍȔ; ȈȗȈȘȐȋȘȈȝȈȝ — ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȡȐȑ ȕȐ ȖȚ ȒȖȋȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȣȕȦ; ȑȈȚ-ȘȐȟȟȝȈȑȈ — ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ); țȗȈȗȈȕȕȍȕȈ — ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȍȑ ȚȍȓȈ; ȒȈȓȗȈȑȈȕ — țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȦȡȐȑ; ȊȘȐȚȚȐȔ — ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȐ ȚȍȓȈ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — Ȍȓȧ ȉȓȈȋȈ ȌțȠȐ; ȈȚȔȈȕȐ — Ȋ țȔȍ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — ǪȣșȠțȦ ǬțȠț, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȌȝȈȑȈ — țȚȊȍȘȌȐȊ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȚȘȐȗȚȈȝ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ; șȈȔȈȝȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȕȣȑ; ȊȐȟȈȟȈȘȈ — ȖȉȖȠȍȓ; ȔȈȝȐȔ — ȏȍȔȓȦ; ȥȚȈȔ — ȥȚț; ȌȎȈȌȈ — ȕȍȔȣȔ; ȈȕȌȝȈ — șȓȍȗȣȔ; ȉȈȌȝȐȘȈ — ȋȓțȝȐȔ; ȈȒȘȐȚȐȝ — ȒȈȎțȡȐȑșȧ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ șȓȖȎȐȓ ș șȍȉȧ Ȋșȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ, țȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȐȓ șȊȖȑ țȔ Ȑ ȖȉțȏȌȈȓ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ. ǹȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȑ ȖȚ ȊȕȍȠȕȐȝ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȑ, ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȈȔȖ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȓȖ Ȓ ȕȍȔț Ȑ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȓȖ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȋ Țȍȓȍ, ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȑșȧ Ȓ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț, Ȗȕ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ, ȏȈȗȘȍȌȍȓȤȕȖȑ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ, șȊȖȉȖȌȕȖȑ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȒȊȍȘȕȣ. ǺȈȒ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ, ȕȈȠȍȌȠȐȑ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȟȐșȚȖȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȐ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȦȡȐȑ Ȗ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȌȖșȚȐȋ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ, ȘȈȊȕȖȌțȠȕȣȑ Ȓ ȌȍȓȈȔ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȕȈȟȈȓ șȒȐȚȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖȊșȦȌț, ȒȈȒ ȉțȌȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȋȓțȝȐȔ, ȕȍȔȣȔ Ȑ șȓȍȗȣȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȥȊȈȔ ȊȘȐȚȚȖ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȋȈȚȊȈ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȌȈȊȈȋȕȐȔ țȚȚȝȐȚȈȔ ȚȍȕȖȗȈȑțȒȚȈ-ȒȈȘȈȕȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȗȘȈȗȈ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȔțȕȐȝ ȥȊȈȔ ȊȘȐȚȚȈȝ — ȚȈȒ ȎȐȊțȡȐȑ; ȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȍș; ȋȈȚȊȈ — țȑȌȧ; ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȌȈȊȈ-ȈȋȕȐȔ — ȓȍșȕȖȑ ȗȖȎȈȘ; țȚȚȝȐȚȈȔ — ȊȖȏȕȐȒȠȐȑ; ȚȍȕȈ — ȚȍȔ (ȖȋȕȍȔ); țȗȈȑțȒȚȈ-ȒȈȘȈȕȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȎȍȋ Ȋșȍ ȖȘȋȈȕȣ ȟțȊșȚȊ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ; ȗȘȈȗȈ — ȖȉȘȍȓ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — ȧȊȓȧȦȡȍȍșȧ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȤȦ; ȔțȕȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒ. ǺȈȒ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ șȚȈȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ șȊȧȚȣȔ, Ȑ ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȊȖȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș Ȑ țȊȐȌȍȓ ȗȖȓȣȝȈȊȠȐȑ ȚȈȔ ȗȖȎȈȘ, Ȗȕ ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓșȧ șȓțȟȈȍȔ Ȑ șȎȍȋ șȊȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ Ȋ Ȗȋȕȍ. ǺȈȒ Ȗȕ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȏȈȗȘȍȌȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ, ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (4.9) ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: 24


25 ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȟȈ Ȕȍ ȌȐȊȑȈȔ ȥȊȈȔ ȑȖ ȊȍȚȚȐ ȚȈȚȚȊȈȚȈȝ ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ ȌȍȝȈȔ ȗțȕȈȘ ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȕȈȐȚȐ ȔȈȔ ȥȚȐ șȖ 'ȘȌȎțȕȈ «ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖșȚȐȋ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ǴȖȍȋȖ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ, ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȘȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǷȖȒȐȕțȊ ȚȍȓȖ, Ȗȕ ȊȍȘȕȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǴȖȦ ȊȍȟȕțȦ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ, Ȗ ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ». ǰȏ-ȏȈ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȑ ȒȈȘȔȣ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ, șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȘȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȠțȌȘȖȑ . ǵȖ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ ȎȐȚȤ ȒȈȒ șȊȧȚȖȑ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȖ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȓ Ȗ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȗȕ ȖȉȘȍȓ ȟȐșȚțȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǷȖȒȐȕțȊ ȚȍȓȖ Ȋ Ȗȋȕȍ, Ȗȕ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȗȖȗȈȓ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ. ǰȔȍȕȕȖ Ȓ ȥȚȖȔț, ȒȈȒ țȟȐȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ ȟȐșȚȈȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤ (ȔȈȔ ȥȚȐ) . ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, șȊȖȌȧȡȍȍșȧ Ȓ ȗȈȔȧȚȖȊȈȕȐȦ Ȗ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, șȚȖȓȤ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ȟȚȖ, ȝȖȚȧ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȝȘȈ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚ, ȥȚȖ țȎȈșȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ ȕȍ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓȖșȤ, Ȑ, ȊȔȍșȚȖ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ șȚȈȚȤ ȠțȌȘȖȑ, Ȗȕ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț. Ǫ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șȈȔȝȐȚȍ» (5.54) țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ: ȑȈș ȚȊ ȐȕȌȘȈ-ȋȖȗȈȔ ȈȚȝȈȊȍȕȌȘȈȔ ȈȝȖ șȊȈ-ȒȈȘȔȈȉȈȕȌȝȈȕțȘțȗȈ-ȗȝȈȓȈ-ȉȝȈȌȎȈȕȈȔ ȈȚȈȕȖȚȐ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ ȕȐȘȌȈȝȈȚȐ ȒȐȕȚț ȟȈ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȉȝȈȌȎȈȔ ȋȖȊȐȕȌȈȔ ȈȌȐ-ȗțȘțȠȈȔ ȚȈȔ ȈȝȈȔ ȉȝȈȌȎȈȔȐ Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȕȧȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȕȍ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȦȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ. Ǫșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ — ȖȚ ȔȍȓȤȟȈȑȠȍȋȖ ȔȐȒȘȖȉȈ Ȑ ȌȖ ȞȈȘȧ ȕȍȉȍș, ǰȕȌȘȣ, — ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ ȏȈȒȖȕȈ ȒȈȘȔȣ . ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȍȔ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 ȒȈȊȐȝ ȒȈȕȐȑȈȕ ȊȐȠȈȑȍȠț ȕȐȝșȗȘȐȝȖ ȊȐșȘȐȌȎȑȈ ȘȈȌȎȑȈȔ șȈȝȈ ȉȈȕȌȝțȉȝȐȘ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȕȐȊȍȠȑȈ ȟȐȚȚȍ ȗțȘțȠȈȔ șȊȈ-ȘȖȟȐȠȈȔ ȊȐȊȍȠȈ ȒȈȐȠȖȘȈ-ȊȈȑȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȒȈȊȐȝ — DzȈȊȐ (ȌȘțȋȖȑ șȣȕ); ȒȈȕȐȑȈȕ — șȈȔȣȑ ȔȓȈȌȠȐȑ; ȊȐȠȈȑȍȠț — Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧȝ; ȕȐȝșȗȘȐȝȈȝ — ȕȍșȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȑ; ȊȐșȘȐȌȎȑȈ — ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ; ȘȈȌȎȑȈȔ — ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ (ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȊȓȈȌȍȓ ȍȋȖ ȖȚȍȞ); șȈȝȈ ȉȈȕȌȝțȉȝȐȝ — ș ȌȘțȏȤȧȔȐ; ȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȍș; ȕȐȊȍȠȑȈ — șȖȝȘȈȕȐȊ; ȟȐȚȚȍ — Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ; ȗțȘțȠȈȔ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ; șȊȈ- ȘȖȟȐȠȈȔ — șȈȔȖșȊȍȚȧȡȍȋȖșȧ; ȊȐȊȍȠȈ — ȊșȚțȗȐȓ; ȒȈȐȠȖȘȈ-ȊȈȑȈȝ — ȖȚȘȖȒ, ȍȡȍ ȕȍ șȚȈȊȠȐȑ ȦȕȖȠȍȑ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȊȖȠȍȌȠȐȑ. ǴȓȈȌȠȐȑ șȣȕ ǴȈȕț ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ DzȈȊȐ, ȕȍ ȗȐȚȈȧ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȈ Ȓ ȔȐȘșȒȐȔ ȘȈȌȖșȚȧȔ, ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ, ȟȍȔ ȌȖșȚȐȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȓȍȚȐȧ. ǹȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ ȌȘțȏȤȧȔȐ, Ȗȕ țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș Ȑ ȗȖȋȘțȏȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧ Ȗ șȊȍȚȖȏȈȘȕȖȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȍȔșȧ Ȋ ȍȋȖ șȍȘȌȞȍ. ǺȈȒ Ȗȕ ȌȖșȚȐȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 25


26 ȒȈȘțȠȈȕ ȔȈȕȈȊȈȌ ȈșȈȕ ȒȈȘțȠȈȝ ȒȠȈȚȘȈ-ȌȎȈȚȈȑȈȝ țȚȚȈȘȈ-ȗȈȚȝȈ-ȋȖȗȚȈȘȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȑȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȈȚșȈȓȈȝ ȒȈȘțȠȈȚ — ȖȚ DzȈȘțȠȐ; ȔȈȕȈȊȈȚ — șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț; ȈșȈȕ — ȉȣȓȐ; ȒȈȘțȠȈȝ — DzȈȘțȠȐ; ȒȠȈȚȘȈ-ȌȎȈȚȈȑȈȝ — ȟȓȍȕȣ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ; țȚȚȈȘȈ — șȍȊȍȘȕȖȋȖ; ȗȈȚȝȈ — ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ; ȋȖȗȚȈȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȐ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȑȈȝ — ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȣ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȈȚșȈȓȈȝ — ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȍ. ǶȚ DzȈȘțȠȐ, ȍȡȍ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț, ȗȖȠȍȓ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȑșȒȐȑ ȘȖȌ DzȈȘțȠȍȑ. ȅȚȐ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ Ȋ șȍȊȍȘȕȣȝ ȖȉȓȈșȚȧȝ ȔȐȘȈ. ǶȕȐ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȓȐșȤ ȒȈȒ ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒȐ ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ Ȑ ȗȖȉȖȘȕȐȒȐ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȌȝȘȐȠȚȈȌ ȌȝȈȘȠȚȈȔ ȈȉȝțȚ ȒȠȈȚȘȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȑȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȔ ȒȠȐȚȈț ȕȘȐȋȈșȑȈ ȊȈȔȠȈȝ șțȔȈȚȐȘ ȉȝțȚȈȌȎȑȖȚȐș ȚȈȚȖ ȊȈșțȝ ȌȝȘȐȠȚȈȚ — ȖȚ ǬȝȘȐȠȚȣ (șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț); ȌȝȈȘȠȚȈȔ — ȒȈșȚȈ ȗȖȌ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍȔ ȌȝȈȘȠȚȈ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȓȈ; ȒȠȈȚȘȈȔ — ȚȈ, ȟȓȍȕȣ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȉȣȓȐ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧȔȐ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȉȝțȑȈȔ — țȘȖȊȕȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; ȋȈȚȈȔ — ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȈȧ; ȒȠȐȚȈț — ȕȈ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȐ ǯȍȔȓȐ; ȕȘȐȋȈșȑȈ — ǵȘȐȋȐ (ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț); ȊȈȔȠȈȝ — ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȧ; șțȔȈȚȐȝ — ǹțȔȈȚȐ; ȉȝțȚȈȌȎȑȖȚȐȝ — ǩȝțȚȈȌȎȤȖȚȐ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȊȈșțȝ — ǪȈșț. ǬȝȘȐȠȚȈ, ȌȘțȋȖȑ șȣȕ ǴȈȕț, ȖșȕȖȊȈȓ ȘȖȌ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ, ȐȔȍȕțȍȔȣȝ ǬȝȈȘȠȚȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȖȏȎȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋȓȐ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ. ǶȚ șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǵȘȐȋȈ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǹțȔȈȚȐ. ǹțȔȈȚȐ șȚȈȓ ȖȚȞȖȔ ǩȝțȚȈȌȎȤȖȚȐ, Ȉ ȚȖȚ, Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ, — ȖȚȞȖȔ ǪȈșț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȒ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ, ȒȠȈȚȘȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ- ȉȝțȑȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȔ ȒȠȐȚȈț . ǽȖȚȧ ǬȝȈȘȠȚȣ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȓȐ Ȓ șȖșȓȖȊȐȦ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ, ȐȔ țȌȈȓȖșȤ șȚȈȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ . ȅȚȖ ȕȈȋȓȧȌȕȖȍ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖ ȊȍȘȕȖșȚȐ șȓȖȊ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ (ǩȝȈȋ., 7.11.35): ȑȈșȑȈ ȑȈȓ ȓȈȒȠȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȖȒȚȈȔ ȗțȔșȖ ȊȈȘȕȈȉȝȐȊȑȈȕȌȎȈȒȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȈȕȑȈȚȘȈȗȐ ȌȘȐȠȑȍȚȈ ȚȈȚ ȚȍȕȈȐȊȈ ȊȐȕȐȘȌȐȠȍȚ ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ, șȊȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔ ȐȕȖȋȖ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ, ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȚȖȑ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȖȑ ȋȘțȗȗȍ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȧȚȤ ȗȖ ȍȋȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȗȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ. ǷȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȍ șȚȖȓȤ ȊȈȎȕȖ; ȊȈȎȕȖ, ȒȈȒȐȔȐ Ȗȕ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȌȟȍȘȒȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 26


27 ȊȈșȖȝ ȗȘȈȚȐȒȈș ȚȈȚ-ȗțȚȘȈ ȖȋȝȈȊȈȕ ȖȋȝȈȊȈȚ-ȗȐȚȈ ȒȈȕȑȈ ȟȈțȋȝȈȊȈȚȐ ȕȈȔȈ șțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ țȊȈȝȈ ȚȈȔ ȊȈșȖȝ — ǪȈșț; ȗȘȈȚȐȒȈȝ — ǷȘȈȚȐȒȈ; ȚȈȚ-ȗțȚȘȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ; ȖȋȝȈȊȈȕ — ǶȋȝȈȊȈȕ; ȖȋȝȈȊȈȚ-ȗȐȚȈ — ȖȚȍȞ ǶȋȝȈȊȈȕȈ; ȒȈȕȑȈ — ȌȖȟȤ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȖȋȝȈȊȈȚȐ — ǶȋȝȈȊȈȚȐ; ȕȈȔȈ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ; șțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ — ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ; țȊȈȝȈ — Ȋȏȧȓ Ȋ Ȏȍȕȣ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȍ (ǶȋȝȈȊȈȚȐ, ȌȖȟȤ ǶȋȝȈȊȈȕȈ). ǹȣȕȖȔ ǪȈșț ȉȣȓ ǷȘȈȚȐȒȈ, ȖȚ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǶȋȝȈȊȈȕ. ǹȣȕ ǶȋȝȈȊȈȕȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȏȊȈȓșȧ ǶȋȝȈȊȈȕȖȔ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȟȤ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǶȋȝȈȊȈȚȐ. ǵȈ ȕȍȑ ȎȍȕȐȓșȧ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȟȐȚȘȈșȍȕȖ ȕȈȘȐȠȑȈȕȚȈȌ ȘȐȒȠȈș ȚȈșȑȈ șțȚȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȚȈșȑȈ ȔȐȌȝȊȈȔș ȚȈȚȈȝ ȗțȘȕȈ ȐȕȌȘȈșȍȕȈș Țț ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ ȟȐȚȘȈșȍȕȈȝ — ȟȐȚȘȈșȍȕȈ; ȕȈȘȐȠȑȈȕȚȈȚ — ȖȚ ǵȈȘȐȠȤȧȕȚȣ (ȚȈȒȎȍ șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț); ȘȐȒȠȈȝ — ǸȐȒȠȈ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ȟȐȚȘȈșȍȕȣ); șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǸȐȒȠȐ); ȔȐȌȝȊȈȕ — ǴȐȌȝȊȈȕ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ǴȐȌȝȊȈȕȈ); ȗțȘȕȈȝ — ǷțȘȕȈ; ȐȕȌȘȈșȍȕȈȝ — ǰȕȌȘȈșȍȕȈ; Țț — Ȏȍ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ (ǷțȘȕȣ). ǶȚ ǵȈȘȐȠȤȧȕȚȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ȟȐȚȘȈșȍȕȈ, Ȉ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ — ǸȐȒȠȈ. ǶȚ ǸȐȒȠȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǴȐȌȝȊȈȕ, ȖȚ ǴȐȌȝȊȈȕȈ — ǷțȘȕȈ, Ȉ ȖȚ ǷțȘȕȣ — ǰȕȌȘȈșȍȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȊȐȚȐȝȖȚȘȈș ȚȊ ȐȕȌȘȈșȍȕȈȚ ȚȈșȑȈ șȈȚȑȈȠȘȈȊȈ ȈȉȝțȚ țȘțȠȘȈȊȈȝ șțȚȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȌȍȊȈȌȈȚȚȈș ȚȈȚȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȊȐȚȐȝȖȚȘȈȝ — ǪȐȚȐȝȖȚȘȈ; Țț — Ȏȍ; ȐȕȌȘȈșȍȕȈȚ — ǰȕȌȘȈșȍȕȣ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǪȐȚȐȝȖȚȘȣ); șȈȚȑȈȠȘȈȊȈȝ — ǹȈȚȤȧȠȘȈȊȈ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȉȣȓ; țȘțȠȘȈȊȈȝ — ǻȘțȠȘȈȊȈ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǹȈȚȤȧȠȘȈȊȣ); ȌȍȊȈȌȈȚȚȈȝ — ǬȍȊȈȌȈȚȚȈ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ǻȘțȠȘȈȊȣ); ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ. ǶȚ ǰȕȌȘȈșȍȕȣ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ ǪȐȚȐȝȖȚȘȈ, ȖȚ ǪȐȚȐȝȖȚȘȣ — ǹȈȚȤȧȠȘȈȊȈ, ȖȚ ǹȈȚȤȧȠȘȈȊȣ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǻȘțȠȘȈȊȈ, Ȉ ȖȚ ǻȘțȠȘȈȊȣ — ǬȍȊȈȌȈȚȚȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȚȈȚȖ 'ȋȕȐȊȍȠȑȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȈȋȕȐȝ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȈȉȝțȚ șțȚȈȝ ȒȈȕȐȕȈ ȐȚȐ ȊȐȒȝȑȈȚȖ ȌȎȈȚțȒȈȘȕȑȖ ȔȈȝȈȕ ȘȐȠȐȝ 27


28 ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ǬȍȊȈȌȈȚȚȣ; ȈȋȕȐȊȍȠȑȈȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȋȕȐȊȍȠȤȧ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȍȑȠȐȑ; ȈȋȕȐȝ — ȉȖȋ Ȗȋȕȧ; șȊȈȑȈȔ — șȈȔ; ȈȉȝțȚ — șȚȈȓ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȒȈȕȐȕȈȝ — DzȈȕȐȕȈ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȊȐȒȝȑȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȌȎȈȚțȒȈȘȕȑȈȝ — ǬȎȈȚțȒȈȘȕȤȧ; ȔȈȝȈȕ ȘȐȠȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒ. ǻ ǬȍȊȈȌȈȚȚȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȋȕȐȊȍȠȤȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȉȣȓ ȕȍ ȒȍȔ ȐȕȣȔ, ȒȈȒ ǨȋȕȐ, ȉȖȋȖȔ Ȗȋȕȧ. Ƕȕ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȓ ȘȍȗțȚȈȞȐȦ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȓșȧ ȗȖȌ ȐȔȍȕȈȔȐ DzȈȕȐȕȈ Ȑ ǬȎȈȚțȒȈȘȕȤȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǻ ǨȋȕȐȊȍȠȤȐ ȉȣȓȖ ȍȡȍ ȌȊȈ ȐȔȍȕȐ — DzȈȕȐȕȈ Ȑ ǬȎȈȚțȒȈȘȕȤȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȚȈȚȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȒțȓȈȔ ȌȎȈȚȈȔ ȈȋȕȐȊȍȠȑȈȑȈȕȈȔ ȕȘȐȗȈ ȕȈȘȐȠȑȈȕȚȈȕȊȈȑȈȝ ȗȘȖȒȚȖ ȌȐȠȚȈ-ȊȈȔȠȈȔ ȈȚȈȝ ȠȘȐȕț ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȚȖȋȖ (ǨȋȕȐȊȍȠȤȐ); ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȒțȓȈȔ — ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; ȌȎȈȚȈȔ — ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȈȧ; ȈȋȕȐȊȍȠȑȈȑȈȕȈȔ — ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȈ ȒȈȒ ǨȋȕȐȊȍȠȤȧȧȕȈ; ȕȘȐȗȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȕȈȘȐȠȑȈȕȚȈ — ǵȈȘȐȠȤȧȕȚȣ; ȈȕȊȈȑȈȝ — ȍȋȖ ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȖ; ȗȘȖȒȚȈȝ — ȖȗȐșȈȕȖ; ȌȐȠȚȈ-ȊȈȔȠȈȔ — ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȦ ǬȐȠȚȣ; ȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȠȘȐȕț — ȊȣșȓțȠȈȑ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, ǨȋȕȐȊȍȠȤȧ șȚȈȓ ȖșȕȖȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȐȒȖȔ ȘȖȌȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ ǨȋȕȐȊȍȠȤȧȧȕȈ. ȇ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ Țȍȉȍ Ȗ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ ǵȈȘȐȠȤȧȕȚȣ, Ȉ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȘȈșșȒȈȎț Ȗ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ ǬȐȠȚȣ. ǷȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, ȗȖșȓțȠȈȑ Ȕȍȕȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 23 - 24 ȕȈȉȝȈȋȖ ȌȐȠȚȈ-ȗțȚȘȖ 'ȕȑȈȝ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈ ȊȈȐȠȑȈȚȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȉȝȈȓȈȕȌȈȕȈȝ șțȚȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȊȈȚșȈȗȘȐȚȐȘ ȉȝȈȓȈȕȌȈȕȈȚ ȊȈȚșȈȗȘȐȚȍȝ șțȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȔȠțș ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȔ ȗȘȈȔȈȚȐȔ ȊȐȌțȝ ȒȝȈȕȐȚȘȈȝ ȗȘȈȔȈȚȍș ȚȈșȔȈȟ ȟȈȒȠțȠȖ 'ȚȝȈ ȊȐȊȐȔȠȈȚȐȝ ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈȝ — ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ; ȌȐȠȚȈ-ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ ǬȐȠȚȣ; ȈȕȑȈȝ — ȌȘțȋȖȑ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈ — ȗȖ (șȊȖȐȔ) ȏȈȕȧȚȐȧȔ; ȊȈȐȠȑȈȚȈȔ — ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȊȈȑȠȤȐ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȕȧȊȠȐȑ; ȉȝȈȓȈȕȌȈȕȈȝ — ǩȝȈȓȈȕȌȈȕȈ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; ȊȈȚșȈȗȘȐȚȐȝ — ǪȈȚșȈȗȘȐȚȐ; ȉȝȈȓȈȕȌȈȕȈȚ — ȖȚ ǩȝȈȓȈȕȌȈȕȣ; ȊȈȚșȈȗȘȐȚȍȝ — ȖȚ ǪȈȚșȈȗȘȐȚȐ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȗȘȈȔȠțȝ — (ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ) ǷȘȈȔȠț; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕȈ (șȣȕȈ ǷȘȈȔȠț); ȗȘȈȔȈȚȐȔ — ǷȘȈȔȈȚȐ; ȊȐȌțȝ — ȗțșȚȤ ȏȕȈȦȚ; ȒȝȈȕȐȚȘȈȝ — DzȝȈȕȐȚȘȈ; ȗȘȈȔȈȚȍȝ — ȖȚ ǷȘȈȔȈȚȐ; ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (DzȝȈȕȐȚȘȣ); ȟȈȒȠțȠȈȝ — ǿȈȒȠțȠȈ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȏȈȚȍȔ (ȖȚ ǿȈȒȠțȠȐ); ȊȐȊȐȔȠȈȚȐȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǪȐȊȐȔȠȈȚȐ. ǻ ǬȐȠȚȣ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖ ȘȖȌț șȊȖȍȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ șȚȈȓ ȊȈȑȠȤȍȑ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȚȖȚ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ, Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȧ ȘȈșșȒȈȎț ȗȖȏȎȍ. ǹȣȕȈ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǩȝȈȓȈȕȌȈȕȈ. ǶȚ ǩȝȈȓȈȕȌȈȕȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǪȈȚșȈȗȘȐȚȐ, Ȉ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ — ǷȘȈȔȠț. 28


29 ǹȣȕȖȔ ǷȘȈȔȠț ȉȣȓ ǷȘȈȔȈȚȐ, șȣȕȖȔ ǷȘȈȔȈȚȐ — DzȝȈȕȐȚȘȈ, șȣȕȖȔ DzȝȈȕȐȚȘȣ — ǿȈȒȠțȠȈ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ — ǪȐȊȐȔȠȈȚȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȘȖȌț ǴȈȕț ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ șȚȈȓ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȔ, ȌȘțȋȖȑ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, Ȉ ȚȘȍȚȐȑ — ȊȈȑȠȤȍȑ . ȅȚȖ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ șȓȖȊȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ ǴțȕȐ: ȑȈșȑȈ ȑȈȓ ȓȈȒȠȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȖȒȚȈȔ ȗțȔșȖ ȊȈȘȕȈȉȝȐȊȑȈȕȌȎȈȒȈȔ (ǩȝȈȋ., 7.11.35). ǹȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȤ Ȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧȔ ȐȓȐ ȊȈȑȠȤȧȔ ȗȖ Ȑȝ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȔ Ȑ ȕȈȖȉȖȘȖȚ. ǺȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȐȓȐ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȊȈȑȠȤȍȊ, Ȉ ȊȈȑȠȤȧ — Ȋ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȐȓȐ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧ . ȅȚȖ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ»: ȟȈȚțȘ ȊȈȘȕȑȈȔ ȔȈȑȈ șȘȐȠȚȈȔ ȋțȕȈȒȈȘȔȈ-ȊȐȉȝȈȋȈȠȈȝ . ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȕȖșȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȓ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ ȐȓȐ ȊȈȑȠȤȍȊ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȍ ȗȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ, Ȉ ȗȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔ. ǹȍȑȟȈș ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȕțȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȝ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȗȣȚȈȍȚșȧ ȊȖșȗȐȚȣȊȈȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȕȐ ȗȖȔȖȋȓȐ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȊȍȘȕȖȍ ȘțșȓȖ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȋ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȧȊȕȖ ȕȍ ȝȊȈȚȈȍȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȖȕȖ ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȚ ȚȍȓȖ ȉȍȏ ȋȖȓȖȊȣ. Ǫ ȕȈȠȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȠțȌȘȖȑ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȍȚ ȕȐȒȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȔȖȋ ȉȣ țȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȊȍȘȕȖȍ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ȐȔ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ Ȋ ȎȐȏȕȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 ȊȐȊȐȔȠȈȚȍȝ șțȚȖ ȘȈȔȉȝȈȝ ȒȝȈȕȐȕȍȚȘȖ 'șȑȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȐȒȈȝ ȒȈȘȈȕȌȝȈȔȖ ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ȚȈșȑȈșȐȌ ȈȚȔȈȌȎȖ ȕȘȐȗȈ ȊȐȊȐȔȠȈȚȍȝ — ȖȚ ǪȐȊȐȔȠȈȚȐ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȘȈȔȉȝȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǸȈȔȉȝȈ; ȒȝȈȕȐȕȍȚȘȈȝ — DzȝȈȕȐȕȍȚȘȈ; ȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǸȈȔȉȝȐ); ȌȝȈȘȔȐȒȈȝ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȑ; ȒȈȘȈȕȌȝȈȔȈȝ — DzȈȘȈȕȌȝȈȔȈ; ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (DzȝȈȕȐȕȍȚȘȣ); ȈșȐȚ — ȉȣȓ; ȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȕȘȐȗȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǪȐȊȐȔȠȈȚȐ ȉȣȓ ǸȈȔȉȝȈ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ Ȑ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȣȑ ȞȈȘȤ DzȝȈȕȐȕȍȚȘȈ. Ƕ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, șȣȕȖȔ DzȝȈȕȐȕȍȚȘȣ ȉȣȓ ȞȈȘȤ DzȈȘȈȕȌȝȈȔȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȚȈșȑȈȊȐȒȠȐȚ șțȚȖ ȑȈșȑȈ ȔȈȘțȚȚȈȠ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȑ ȈȉȝțȚ șȈȔȊȈȘȚȖ 'ȑȈȌȎȈȑȈȌ ȑȈȔ ȊȈȐ ȔȈȝȈ-ȑȖȋȑ ȈȕȋȐȘȈȝ-șțȚȈȝ ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (DzȈȘȈȕȌȝȈȔȣ); ȈȊȐȒȠȐȚ — ǨȊȐȒȠȐȚ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȑȈșȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ǨȊȐȒȠȐȚȈ); ȔȈȘțȚȚȈȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǴȈȘțȚȚȈ; ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ — ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ; ȈȉȝțȚ — șȚȈȓ; șȈȔȊȈȘȚȈȝ — ǹȈȔȊȈȘȚȈ; ȈȑȈȌȎȈȑȈȚ — ȗȖȘțȟȈȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȑȈȔ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț (ǴȈȘțȚȚȍ); ȊȈȐ — ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȑȖȋȐ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ; ȈȕȋȐȘȈȝ-șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ. ǻ DzȈȘȈȕȌȝȈȔȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ǨȊȐȒȠȐȚ, Ȉ ț ȚȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǴȈȘțȚȚȈ, șȚȈȊȠȐȑ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ ǹȈȔȊȈȘȚȈ, șȣȕ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ, ȗȖȉțȌȐȓ ǴȈȘțȚȚț șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȧȋȤȦ [ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ]. 29


30 ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȔȈȘțȚȚȈșȑȈ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȑȈȌȎȕȖ ȕȈ ȚȈȚȝȈȕȑȖ 'șȚȐ ȒȈȠȟȈȕȈ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȝȐȘȈȕȔȈȑȈȔ ȚȊ ȈșȐȌ ȑȈȚ ȒȐȕȟȐȟ ȟȈșȑȈ ȠȖȉȝȈȕȈȔ ȔȈȘțȚȚȈșȑȈ — ǴȈȘțȚȚȣ; ȑȈȚȝȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȑȈȌȎȕȈȝ — ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȚȈȚȝȈ — ȚȈȒ; ȈȕȑȈȝ — ȌȘțȋȖȍ; ȈșȚȐ — ȍșȚȤ; ȒȈȠȟȈȕȈ — ȟȚȖ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ; șȈȘȊȈȔ — Ȋșȍ; ȝȐȘȈȕ-ȔȈȑȈȔ — șȌȍȓȈȕȕȖȍ Ȑȏ ȏȖȓȖȚȈ; Țț — ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ; ȈșȐȚ — ȉȣȓȖ; ȑȈȚ ȒȐȕȟȐȚ — Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ (Ȗȕ ȐȔȍȓ); ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǴȈȘțȚȚȣ); ȠȖȉȝȈȕȈȔ — ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȍȑȠȍȍ. Ǫșȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ țȚȊȈȘȤ ț ȞȈȘȧ ǴȈȘțȚȚȣ ȉȣȓȈ șȌȍȓȈȕȈ Ȑȏ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȏȖȓȖȚȈ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț șȐȧȓȈ. ǵȐ ȖȌȕȈ ȧȋȤȧ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖ ȗȣȠȕȖșȚȐ șȘȈȊȕȐȚȤșȧ ș ȚȖȑ, ȟȚȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ǴȈȘțȚȚȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 ȈȔȈȌȑȈȌ ȐȕȌȘȈȝ șȖȔȍȕȈ ȌȈȒȠȐȕȈȉȝȐȘ ȌȊȐȌȎȈȚȈȑȈȝ ȔȈȘțȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȐȊȍȠȚȈȘȖ ȊȐȠȊȍȌȍȊȈȝ șȈȉȝȈ-șȈȌȈȝ ȈȔȈȌȑȈȚ — ȖȗȤȧȕȍȓ; ȐȕȌȘȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ, ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍȉȍș; șȖȔȍȕȈ — ȝȔȍȓȤȕȖȑ șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ Ȗȕ ȗȐȓ; ȌȈȒȠȐȕȈȉȝȐȝ — ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȚȈȑȈȝ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ; ȔȈȘțȚȈȝ — ȊȍȚȘȣ; ȗȈȘȐȊȍȠȚȈȘȈȝ — ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȦȡȐȍ ȗȐȡț; ȊȐȠȊȍȌȍȊȈȝ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; șȈȉȝȈ-șȈȌȈȝ — ȟȓȍȕȣ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȧ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȥȚȖȑ ȧȋȤȐ ȞȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ ȖȗȤȧȕȍȓ ȖȚ ȐȏȖȉȐȓȐȧ șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșȣ. Ǫșȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓȐ ȉȖȋȈȚȖȍ ȊȖȏȕȈȋȘȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȖșȚȈȓȐșȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣ. ǷȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȔ ȊȍȚȘȈȔȐ, ȉȣȓȐ ȗȖȌȕȍșȍȕȣ ȐȏȣșȒȈȕȕȣȍ ȧșȚȊȈ, Ȉ ǪȐȠȊȍȌȍȊȣ ȗȖȟȚȐȓȐ ȧȋȤȦ șȊȖȐȔ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȇȋȤȧ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȈȧ ǴȈȘțȚȚȖȑ, țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȓȈ Ȋșȍȝ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ Ȑ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ . ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȊȣșȚțȗȈȓȐ Ȋ ȘȖȓȐ ȎȘȍȞȖȊ, ȉȣȓȐ ȏȈȐȕȚȍȘȍșȖȊȈȕȣ Ȋ ȊȖȏȕȈȋȘȈȎȌȍȕȐȐ, Ȉ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧȔ ȕțȎȕȈ ȉȣȓȈ șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșȈ . Ǫșȍ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓȐ ȚȖ, ȟȍȋȖ ȎȍȓȈȓȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 29 ȔȈȘțȚȚȈșȑȈ ȌȈȔȈȝ ȗțȚȘȈș ȚȈșȑȈșȐȌ ȘȈȌȎȑȈȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȈȝ șțȌȝȘȐȚȐș ȚȈȚ-șțȚȖ ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ șȈțȌȝȘȐȚȍȑȖ ȕȈȘȈȝ șțȚȈȝ ȔȈȘțȚȚȈșȑȈ — ǴȈȘțȚȚȣ; ȌȈȔȈȝ — (ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ) ǬȈȔȈ; ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǬȈȔȣ); ȈșȐȚ — ȉȣȓ; ȘȈȌȎȑȈ-ȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȈȝ — ǸȈȌȎȤȧȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȈ (ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȘȈșȠȐȘȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȣ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ); șțȌȝȘȐȚȐȝ — ǹțȌȝȘȐȚȐ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ 30


31 (ǸȈȌȎȤȧȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȣ); ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; șȈțȌȝȘȐȚȍȑȈȝ — ȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȑșȧ ȖȚ ǹțȌȝȘȐȚȐ; ȕȈȘȈȝ — ǵȈȘȈ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ. ǻ ǴȈȘțȚȚȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ǬȈȔȈ, ț ǬȈȔȣ — ǸȈȌȎȤȧȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȈ, ț ǸȈȌȎȤȧȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȣ — ǹțȌȝȘȐȚȐ, Ȉ șȣȕȖȔ ǹțȌȝȘȐȚȐ șȚȈȓ ǵȈȘȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ ȒȍȊȈȓȈș ȚȈșȔȈȌ ȌȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȕ ȊȍȋȈȊȈȔș ȚȈȚȈȝ ȉțȌȝȈș ȚȈșȑȈȉȝȈȊȈȌ ȑȈșȑȈ ȚȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌțȘ ȔȈȝȐȗȈȚȐȝ ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ (șȣȕ ǵȈȘȣ); ȒȍȊȈȓȈȝ — DzȍȊȈȓȈ; ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (DzȍȊȈȓȣ); ȌȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȕ — șȣȕ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǬȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȕ; ȊȍȋȈȊȈȕ — ǪȍȋȈȊȈȕ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ǬȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȕȈ); ȉțȌȝȈȝ — ǩțȌȝȈ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǪȍȋȈȊȈȕȈ); ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ; ȑȈșȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ǩțȌȝȐ); ȚȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌțȝ — șȣȕ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț; ȔȈȝȐȗȈȚȐȝ — ȞȈȘȤ. ǻ ǵȈȘȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ DzȍȊȈȓȈ, Ȉ ț DzȍȊȈȓȣ — ǬȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȕ, șȣȕȖȔ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ șȚȈȓ ǪȍȋȈȊȈȕ. ǪȍȋȈȊȈȕ șȚȈȓ ȖȚȞȖȔ ǩțȌȝȐ, Ȉ ț ǩțȌȝȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț, șȚȈȊȠȐȑ ȗȖȚȖȔ ȞȈȘȍȔ ǯȍȔȓȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 31 ȚȈȔ ȉȝȍȌȎȍ 'ȓȈȔȉțȠȈ ȌȍȊȐ ȉȝȈȌȎȈȕȐȑȈ-ȋțȕȈȓȈȑȈȔ ȊȈȘȈȗșȈȘȈ ȑȈȚȈȝ ȗțȚȘȈȝ ȒȈȕȑȈ ȟȍȓȈȊȐȓȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ (ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț); ȉȝȍȌȎȍ — ȐȏȉȘȈȓȈ (Ȋ ȔțȎȤȧ); ȈȓȈȔȉțȠȈ — ȌȍȊțȠȒȈ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȓȈȔȉțȠȈ; ȌȍȊȐ — ȉȖȋȐȕȧ; ȉȝȈȌȎȈȕȐȑȈ — ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȑ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȣȔ; ȋțȕȈȈȓȈȑȈȔ — șȖșțȌ Ȋșȍȝ ȉȓȈȋȐȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ; ȊȈȘȈ-ȈȗșȈȘȈȝ — ȓțȟȠȈȧ Ȑȏ ȈȗșȈȘ; ȑȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț); ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕȖȊȤȧ; ȒȈȕȑȈ — ȌȖȟȤ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȐȓȈȊȐȓȈ — ǰȓȈȊȐȓȈ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȘȖȌȐȓȈșȤ. ǬȖșȚȖȑȕȣȑ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț șȚȈȓ ȔțȎȍȔ ȓțȟȠȍȑ Ȑȏ ȈȗșȈȘ, ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȑ ȌȍȊȣ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȓȈȔȉțȠȈ. ǶȕȈ ȘȖȌȐȓȈ ȍȔț ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ Ȑ ȌȖȟȤ ǰȓȈȊȐȓț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 32 ȑȈșȑȈȔ țȚȗȈȌȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȊȐȠȘȈȊȈ ȌȝȈȕȈȌȈȔ șțȚȈȔ ȗȘȈȌȈȑȈ ȊȐȌȑȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȔ ȘȐȠȐȘ ȑȖȋȍȠȊȈȘȈȝ ȗȐȚțȝ ȑȈșȑȈȔ — Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ (Ȋ ǰȓȈȊȐȓȍ); țȚȗȈȌȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȗȖȘȖȌȐȓ; ȊȐȠȘȈȊȈȝ — ǪȐȠȘȈȊȈ; ȌȝȈȕȈ-ȌȈȔ — DzțȊȍȘț, ȖȌȈȘȐȊȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȌȍȕȤȋȈȔȐ; șțȚȈȔ — șȣȕȈ; ȗȘȈȌȈȑȈ 31


32 — ȗȖȓțȟȐȊ; ȊȐȌȑȈȔ — ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ȕȈțȒț; ȗȈȘȈȔȈȔ — ȊȣșȠțȦ; ȘȐȠȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒ; ȑȖȋȈ-ȐȠȊȈȘȈȝ — ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ Ȋ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȍ; ȗȐȚțȝ — ȖȚ ȖȚȞȈ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȏȕȈȚȖȒ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȐ, șȊȧȚȖȑ ǪȐȠȘȈȊȈ, ȗȖȓțȟȐȊȠȐȑ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ, ȏȈȟȈȓ Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ ǰȓȈȊȐȓȣ ȊșȍșȓȈȊȕȖȋȖ DzțȊȍȘț, ȌȈȘȐȚȍȓȧ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 33 ȊȐȠȈȓȈȝ ȠțȕȑȈȉȈȕȌȝțȠ ȟȈ ȌȝțȔȘȈȒȍȚțȠ ȟȈ ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ ȊȐȠȈȓȖ ȊȈȔȠȈ-ȒȘȐȌ ȘȈȌȎȈ ȊȈȐȠȈȓȐȔ ȕȐȘȔȈȔȍ ȗțȘȐȔ ȊȐȠȈȓȈȝ — ǪȐȠȈȓȈ; ȠțȕȑȈȉȈȕȌȝțȝ — ȀțȕȤȧȉȈȕȌȝț; ȟȈ — Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȌȝțȔȘȈȒȍȚțȝ — ǬȝțȔȘȈȒȍȚț; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ (șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț); ȊȐȠȈȓȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǪȐȠȈȓȈ; ȊȈȔȠȈ-ȒȘȐȚ — ȖșȕȖȊȈȚȍȓȤ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ; ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘȤ; ȊȈȐȠȈȓȐȔ — (ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȑ) ǪȈȑȠȈȓȐ; ȕȐȘȔȈȔȍ — șȖȖȘțȌȐȓ; ȗțȘȐȔ — ȌȊȖȘȍȞ. ǻ ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț ȘȖȌȐȓȖșȤ ȚȘȖȍ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ: ǪȐȠȈȓȈ, ȀțȕȤȧȉȈȕȌȝȈ Ȑ ǬȝțȔȘȈȒȍȚț. ǪȐȠȈȓȈ ȖșȕȖȊȈȓ șȊȖȑ ȘȖȌ Ȑ ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȓ ȌȊȖȘȍȞ ǪȈȑȠȈȓȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 34 ȝȍȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈȝ șțȚȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȌȝțȔȘȈȒȠȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȟȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ ȚȈȚ-ȗțȚȘȈȚ șȈȔȑȈȔȈȌ ȈșȐȚ ȒȘȐȠȈȠȊȈȝ șȈȝȈ-ȌȍȊȈȌȎȈȝ ȝȍȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈȝ — ǽȍȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǪȐȠȈȓȣ); ȌȝțȔȘȈȒȠȈȝ — ǬȝțȔȘȈȒȠȈ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǽȍȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ); ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȚȈȚ-ȗțȚȘȈȚ — ȖȚ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȈ (șȣȕȈ ǬȝțȔȘȈȒȠȐ); șȈȔȑȈȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȖȋȖ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǹȈȔȤȧȔȖȑ; ȈșȐȚ — ȉȣȓ; ȒȘȐȠȈȠȊȈȝ — DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȈ; șȈȝȈ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ; ȌȍȊȈȌȎȈȝ — ș ǬȍȊȈȌȎȍȑ. ǹȣȕȈ ǪȐȠȈȓȣ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǽȍȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ ȉȣȓ ǬȝțȔȘȈȒȠȈ. ǻ șȣȕȈ ǬȝțȔȘȈȒȠȐ, ǹȈȔȤȧȔȣ, ȉȣȓȖ ȌȊȖȍ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ — ǬȍȊȈȌȎȈ Ȑ DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 35 - 36 ȒȘȐȠȈȠȊȈȚ șȖȔȈȌȈȚȚȖ 'ȉȝțȌ ȑȖ 'ȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈȐȘ ȐȌȈșȗȈȚȐȔ ȐȠȚȊȈ ȗțȘțȠȈȔ ȈȗȈȋȘȑȈȔ ȋȈȚȐȔ ȑȖȋȍȠȊȈȘȈȠȘȐȚȈȔ șȈțȔȈȌȈȚȚȐș Țț șțȔȈȚȐș ȚȈȚ-ȗțȚȘȖ ȌȎȈȕȈȔȍȌȎȈȑȈȝ ȥȚȍ ȊȈȐȠȈȓȈ-ȉȝțȗȈȓȈș ȚȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌȖȘ ȑȈȠȖȌȝȈȘȈȝ

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33 ȒȘȐȠȈȠȊȈȚ — ȖȚ DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȣ; șȖȔȈȌȈȚȚȈȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹȖȔȈȌȈȚȚȈ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ; ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ (ǹȖȔȈȌȈȚȚȈ); ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈȐȝ — ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈ; ȐȌȈșȗȈȚȐȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț; ȐȠȚȊȈ — șȖȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ; ȗțȘțȠȈȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț; ȈȗȈ — ȖȉȘȍȓ; ȈȋȘȑȈȔ — șȈȔȖȍ ȓțȟȠȍȍ; ȋȈȚȐȔ — ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ; ȑȖȋȍȠȊȈȘȈ-ȈȠȘȐȚȈȔ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȑȖȋȐ -ȔȐșȚȐȒȐ; șȈțȔȈȌȈȚȚȐȝ — șȣȕ ǹȖȔȈȌȈȚȚȣ; Țț — Ȏȍ; șțȔȈȚȐȝ — (ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ) ǹțȔȈȚȐ; ȚȈȚ-ȗțȚȘȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ (șȣȕ ǹțȔȈȚȐ); ȌȎȈȕȈȔȍȌȎȈȑȈȝ — ǬȎȈȕȈȔȍȌȎȈȧ; ȥȚȍ — ȥȚȐ; ȊȈȐȠȈȓȈȉȝțȗȈȓȈȝ — ȞȈȘȐ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǪȈȑȠȈȓȈ; ȚȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌȖȝ ȑȈȠȈȝ-ȌȝȈȘȈȝ — ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȍ șȓȈȊȣ ȞȈȘȧ ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț. ǹȣȕȖȔ DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȣ ȉȣȓ ǹȖȔȈȌȈȚȚȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈ, țȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȐȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ǪȐȠȕț. ǷȖȒȓȖȕȧȧșȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ǹȖȔȈȌȈȚȚȈ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȊȣșȖȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ: Ȗȕ ȊȖȏȕȍșșȧ ȕȈ ȗȓȈȕȍȚț ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȑȖȋȖȊ-ȔȐșȚȐȒȖȊ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǹȖȔȈȌȈȚȚȣ ȉȣȓ ǹțȔȈȚȐ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ — ǬȎȈȕȈȔȍȌȎȈȧ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔȒȐ ȘȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȈȓȣ, ȗȘȍțȔȕȖȎȐȓȐ șȓȈȊț ȞȈȘȧ ǺȘȐȕȈȉȐȕȌț. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ ȒȖ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǬȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȕț».

Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɬɪɟɬɶɹ. ɋɭɤɚɧɶɸ ɨɬɞɚɸɬ ɜ ɠɟɧɵ ɦɭɞɪɟɰɭ ɑɶɹɜɚɧɟ Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ, ȍȡȍ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ Ȗ ǹțȒȈȕȤȍ Ȑ ǸȍȊȈȚȐ. ǬȍȊȈȋȤȧ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȔ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ, ȒȈȒȖȑ ȖȉȘȧȌ ȕțȎȕȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ ȌȍȕȤ ȧȋȤȐ . ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȊȔȍșȚȍ șȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȟȍȘȤȦ ǹțȒȈȕȤȍȑ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȈȠȘȈȔ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ. ǺȈȔ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ȏȈȔȍȚȐȓȈ Ȋ ȔțȘȈȊȤȐȕȖȑ ȕȖȘȒȍ ȌȊȍ șȊȍȚȧȡȐȍșȧ ȚȖȟȒȐ Ȑ ȏȈȉȈȊȣ ȘȈȌȐ ȘȍȠȐȓȈ ȗȘȖȒȖȓȖȚȤ Ȑȝ. DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ șȌȍȓȈȓȈ ȥȚȖ, Ȑȏ ȕȖȘȒȐ ȗȖȚȍȒȓȈ ȒȘȖȊȤ, Ȉ ȞȈȘȤ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ Ȑ ȍȋȖ șȗțȚȕȐȒȐ ȚȖȚȟȈș ȓȐȠȐȓȐșȤ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȐ șȗȘȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȉȖȓȤȠțȦ Ȑ ȔȈȓțȦ ȕțȎȌț. ǯȈȌȈȊȠȐșȤ ȊȖȗȘȖșȖȔ, ȗȖȟȍȔț ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȓȈ ȥȚȈ ȗȍȘȍȔȍȕȈ, ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȉȣȓȈ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ȞȈȘȤ Ȑ ȍȋȖ șȊȐȚȈ șȚȈȓȐ țȔȖȓȧȚȤ ȟȤȧȊȈȕț ǴțȕȐ ȗȘȖșȚȐȚȤ Ȑȝ, ȖȉȍȡȈȧ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȓȦȉȣȍ ȍȋȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ, Ȉ șȈȔ ǬȍȊȈȋȤȧ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ Ȋ Ȏȍȕȣ șȚȈȘȞț șȊȖȦ ȌȖȟȤ. DzȈȒȖȍ-ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȗțșȚȧ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍȉȍșȕȣȍ ȞȍȓȐȚȍȓȐ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȣ ȗȖșȍȚȐȓȐ ȟȤȧȊȈȕț ǴțȕȐ, ȚȖȚ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ Ȑȝ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤ ȍȔț ȔȖȓȖȌȖșȚȤ. ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȣ ȗȘȐȊȍȓȐ ȟȤȧȊȈȕț Ȓ ȊȖȓȠȍȉȕȖȔț ȖȏȍȘț Ȑ, ȖȔȣȊ ȍȋȖ ȚȈȔ, ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ Ȋ ȦȕȖȠț. ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ȕȍ șȔȖȋȓȈ țȏȕȈȚȤ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ Ȑ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȈșȤ ȏȈ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ Ȓ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȈȔ. Ǻȍ Ȏȍ, ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȍ ȍȍ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȐȍȔ, șȕȖȊȈ ȗȖȌȊȍȓȐ ȍȍ Ȓ ȔțȎț. ǷȖȏȎȍ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ ȗȖȉțȌȐȓ ȞȈȘȧ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ șȖȔȈ-ȧȋȤȦ, ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȐȓ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȈȔ ȊȣȗȐȚȤ șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșț . ǰȏ- ȏȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍȉȍș ǰȕȌȘȈ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȘȈȏȋȕȍȊȈȓșȧ ȕȈ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ, ȕȖ ȕȍ șȔȖȋ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȐȚȤ ȍȔț ȊȘȍȌȈ. ǹ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ ȊȘȈȟȍȊȈȚȍȓȐ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ- ȒțȔȈȘȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓȐ ȗȘȈȊȖ ȕȈ șȊȖȦ ȌȖȓȦ șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșȣ . ǻ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȉȣȓȖ ȚȘȐ șȣȕȈ: ǻȚȚȈȕȈȉȈȘȝȐ, ǨȕȈȘȚȈ Ȑ ǩȝțȘȐȠȍȕȈ. ǭȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǨȕȈȘȚȣ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǸȍȊȈȚȖȑ. Ǩ ț ǸȍȊȈȚȣ ȉȣȓȖ șȚȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, șȚȈȘȠȐȔ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓ 33


34 DzȈȒțȌȔȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȗȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ DzȈȒțȌȔȐ ȖȚȌȈȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕțȦ ȌȖȟȤ ǸȍȊȈȚȐ Ȋ Ȏȍȕȣ ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȍ, ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȍȔț Ȓ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ . DzȈȒțȌȔȐ ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȗȖșȚțȗȐȓ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȗȕ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ șȍȔȍȑȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȑ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș ǩȈȌȈȘȐȒȈȠȘȈȔȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȚȈȔ ȈșȒȍȏț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȠȈȘȑȈȚȐȘ ȔȈȕȈȊȖ ȘȈȌȎȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȐȠȚȝȈȝ șȈȔȉȈȉȝțȊȈ ȝȈ ȑȖ ȊȈ ȈȕȋȐȘȈșȈȔ șȈȚȘȍ ȌȊȐȚȐȑȈȔ ȈȝȈȘ țȟȐȊȈȕ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȠȈȘȑȈȚȐȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ; ȔȈȕȈȊȈȝ — șȣȕ ǴȈȕț; ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤ; ȉȘȈȝȔȐȠȚȝȈȝ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȊȓȈȌȍȊȠȐȑ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ; șȈȔȉȈȉȝțȊȈ ȝȈ — șȚȈȓ; ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȊȈ — ȐȓȐ; ȈȕȋȐȘȈșȈȔ — ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȊ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ; șȈȚȘȍ — ȕȈ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȈȘȍȕȍ; ȌȊȐȚȐȑȈȔ ȈȝȈȝ — ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ ȕȈ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ ȌȍȕȤ; țȟȐȊȈȕ — șȖȖȉȡȈȦȡȐȑ. ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ! ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ, ȍȡȍ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȕț, ȉȣȓ ȔțȌȘȣȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ, Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȏȕȈȊȠȐȔ ǪȍȌȣ. Ƕȕ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȔ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ, ȟȚȖ ȕțȎȕȖ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ ȌȍȕȤ ȧȋȤȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȖȕȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 șțȒȈȕȑȈ ȕȈȔȈ ȚȈșȑȈșȐȚ ȒȈȕȑȈ ȒȈȔȈȓȈ-ȓȖȟȈȕȈ ȚȈȑȈ șȈȘȌȝȈȔ ȊȈȕȈ-ȋȈȚȖ ȝȑ ȈȋȈȔȈȟ ȟȑȈȊȈȕȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ șțȒȈȕȑȈ — ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ; ȕȈȔȈ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; ȈșȐȚ — ȉȣȓȈ; ȒȈȕȑȈ — ȌȖȟȤ; ȒȈȔȈȓȈ-ȓȖȟȈȕȈ — ȓȖȚȖșȖȖȒȈȧ; ȚȈȑȈ șȈȘȌȝȈȔ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȕȍȑ; ȊȈȕȈ-ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȊȖȠȍȌȠȐȑ Ȋ ȓȍș; ȝȐ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȈȋȈȔȈȚ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ; ȟȑȈȊȈȕȈȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ — Ȓ ȌȖȔț, ȋȌȍ ȉȣȓ ȈȠȘȈȔ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ. ǻ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȉȣȓȈ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȈȧ ȓȖȚȖșȖȖȒȈȧ ȌȖȟȤ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȕȍȑ Ȗȕ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș, Ȓ ȈȠȘȈȔț ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 șȈ șȈȒȝȐȉȝȐȝ ȗȈȘȐȊȘȐȚȈ ȊȐȟȐȕȊȈȕȚȑ ȈȕȋȝȘȐȗȈȕ ȊȈȕȍ ȊȈȓȔȐȒȈ-ȘȈȕȌȝȘȍ ȌȈȌȘȐȠȍ ȒȝȈȌȑȖȚȍ ȐȊȈ ȌȎȑȖȚȐȠȐ șȈ — ȖȕȈ (ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ); șȈȒȝȐȉȝȐȝ — ȗȖȌȘțȋȈȔȐ; ȗȈȘȐȊȘȐȚȈ — ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȕȈȧ; ȊȐȟȐȕȊȈȕȚȐ — ȐȡțȡȈȧ; ȈȕȋȝȘȐȗȈȕ — (ȗȓȖȌȣ Ȑ ȞȊȍȚȣ) ȕȈ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧȝ; ȊȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȓȍșț; ȊȈȓȔȐȒȈ-ȘȈȕȌȝȘȍ — Ȋ ȔțȘȈȊȤȐȕȖȑ ȕȖȘȒȍ; ȌȈȌȘȐȠȍ — țȊȐȌȍȓȈ; ȒȝȈȌȑȖȚȍ — ȌȊȍ ȏȊȍȏȌȣ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȌȎȑȖȚȐȠȐ — ȌȊȈ ȖȋȖȕȤȒȈ. 34


35 DzȖȋȌȈ Ȋ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȐ ȗȖȌȘțȋ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ȋțȓȧȓȈ ȗȖ ȓȍșț Ȑ șȖȉȐȘȈȓȈ ȓȍșȕȣȍ ȗȓȖȌȣ, Ȋ ȕȖȘȒȍ ȔțȘȈȊȤȧ ȖȕȈ ȊȌȘțȋ ȏȈȔȍȚȐȓȈ ȌȊȍ ȧȘȒȖ șȊȍȚȧȡȐȍșȧ ȚȖȟȒȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 Țȍ ȌȈȐȊȈ-ȟȖȌȐȚȈ ȉȈȓȈ ȌȎȑȖȚȐȠȐ ȒȈȕȚȈȒȍȕȈ ȊȈȐ ȈȊȐȌȝȑȈȕ ȔțȋȌȝȈ-ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ șțșȘȈȊȈșȘȐȒ ȚȈȚȖ ȉȈȝȐȝ Țȍ — Țȍȝ; ȌȈȐȊȈ-ȟȖȌȐȚȈ — ȊȓȍȒȖȔȈȧ ȊȖȓȍȑ ȗȘȖȊȐȌȍȕȐȧ; ȉȈȓȈ — ȌȍȊțȠȒȈ; ȌȎȑȖȚȐȠȐ — ȌȊțȝ șȊȍȚȓȧȟȒȖȊ Ȋ ȕȖȘȒȍ ȔțȘȈȊȤȧ; ȒȈȕȚȈȒȍȕȈ — ȠȐȗȖȔ; ȊȈȐ — ȒȈȒ ȘȈȏ; ȈȊȐȌȝȑȈȚ — ȗȘȖȚȒȕțȓȈ; ȔțȋȌȝȈ-ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ — ȗȖ ȕȍȊȍȌȍȕȐȦ; șțșȘȈȊȈ — ȗȖȚȍȒȓȈ; ȈșȘȐȒ — ȒȘȖȊȤ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚȚțȌȈ; ȉȈȝȐȝ — ȕȈȘțȎț. ǪȓȍȒȖȔȈȧ ȗȘȖȊȐȌȍȕȐȍȔ, ȌȍȊțȠȒȈ ȉȍȏȌțȔȕȖ ȗȘȖȚȒȕțȓȈ șȊȍȚȓȧȟȒȖȊ ȒȖȓȦȟȒȖȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȈ ȥȚȖ șȌȍȓȈȓȈ, ȖȕȈ țȊȐȌȍȓȈ, ȟȚȖ Ȑȏ ȕȖȘȒȐ ȗȖȚȍȒȓȈ ȒȘȖȊȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȠȈȒȘȐȕ-ȔțȚȘȈ-ȕȐȘȖȌȝȖ 'ȉȝțȚ șȈȐȕȐȒȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ ȚȈȚ-ȒȠȈȕȈȚ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐș ȚȈȔ țȗȈȓȈȒȠȑȈ ȗțȘțȠȈȕ ȊȐșȔȐȚȖ 'ȉȘȈȊȐȚ ȠȈȒȘȐȚ — ȥȒșȒȘȍȔȍȕȚȖȊ; ȔțȚȘȈ — Ȑ ȔȖȟȐ; ȕȐȘȖȌȝȈȝ — ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȒȈ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȓȈ; șȈȐȕȐȒȈȕȈȔ — ț ȊȖȐȕȖȊ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȚȈȚ-ȒȠȈȕȈȚ — ș ȚȖȋȖ ȔȖȔȍȕȚȈ; ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐȝ — ȞȈȘȤ; ȚȈȔ țȗȈȓȈȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ ȥȚȖ; ȗțȘțȠȈȕ — (șȊȖȐȔ) ȓȦȌȧȔ; ȊȐșȔȐȚȈȝ — țȌȐȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȈȉȘȈȊȐȚ — șȒȈȏȈȓ. Ǫ ȚȖȚ Ȏȍ ȔȐȋ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȊȖȐȕȣ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ șȗȘȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȕȐ ȉȖȓȤȠțȦ, ȕȐ ȔȈȓțȦ ȕțȎȌț. ǵȍȌȖțȔȍȊȈȧ, ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ, ȖȉȘȈȡȈȧșȤ Ȓ șȊȖȐȔ șȗțȚȕȐȒȈȔ, șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 Ȉȗȑ ȈȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ ȕȈ ȑțȠȔȈȉȝȐȘ ȉȝȈȘȋȈȊȈșȑȈ ȊȐȟȍȠȚȐȚȈȔ ȊȑȈȒȚȈȔ ȒȍȕȈȗȐ ȕȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȒȘȐȚȈȔ ȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌțȠȈȕȈȔ ȈȗȐ — țȊȣ; ȈȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ — ȕȍȌȖȉȘȖȍ; ȕȈȝ — ț ȕȈș; ȑțȠȔȈȉȝȐȝ — ȊȈȔȐ; ȉȝȈȘȋȈȊȈșȑȈ — (Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ) ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ; ȊȐȟȍȠȚȐȚȈȔ — șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȖ; ȊȑȈȒȚȈȔ — ȧșȕȖ; ȒȍȕȈ ȈȗȐ — ȒȍȔ-ȚȖ; ȕȈȝ — șȘȍȌȐ ȕȈș; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ); ȒȘȐȚȈȔ — șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȖ; ȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌțȠȈȕȈȔ — ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȐȍ ȈȠȘȈȔȈ. DzȚȖ Ȑȏ ȕȈș ȔȖȋ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȐȚȤ ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȚȖ ȊȘȍȌ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȍ ǴțȕȐ, șȣȕț ǩȝȘȐȋț? ǹțȌȧ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț, ȒȚȖ-ȚȖ șȘȍȌȐ ȕȈș ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȈȠȘȈȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 35


36 șțȒȈȕȑȈ ȗȘȈȝȈ ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ ȉȝȐȚȈ ȒȐȕȟȐȚ ȒȘȐȚȈȔ ȔȈȑȈ ȌȊȍ ȌȎȑȖȚȐȠȐ ȈȌȎȈȕȈȕȚȑȈ ȕȐȘȉȝȐȕȕȍ ȒȈȕȚȈȒȍȕȈ ȊȈȐ șțȒȈȕȑȈ — ȌȍȊțȠȒȈ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ; ȗȘȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓȈ; ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ — ȖȚȞț; ȉȝȐȚȈ — ȕȈȗțȋȈȕȕȈȧ; ȒȐȕȟȐȚ — ȟȚȖ-ȚȖ; ȒȘȐȚȈȔ — șȖȌȍȧȕȖ; ȔȈȑȈ — ȔȕȖȦ; ȌȊȍ — ȌȊȈ; ȌȎȑȖȚȐȠȐ — șȊȍȚȧȡȐȝșȧ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȈ; ȈȌȎȈȕȈȕȚȑȈ — ȕȍȏȕȈȦȡȍȑ; ȕȐȘȉȝȐȕȕȍ — ȗȘȖȕȏȍȕȣ; ȒȈȕȚȈȒȍȕȈ — ȠȐȗȖȔ; ȊȈȐ — ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ. ǰșȗțȋȈȕȕȈȧ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ șȒȈȏȈȓȈ șȊȖȍȔț ȖȚȞț: «ȅȚȖ ȧ ȊȐȕȖȊȈȚȈ. ǵȍȟȈȧȕȕȖ ȧ ȗȘȖȚȒȕțȓȈ ȒȖȓȦȟȒȖȑ ȌȊȈ șȊȍȚȧȡȐȝșȧ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȌțȝȐȚțș ȚȈȌ ȊȈȟȈȝ ȠȘțȚȊȈ ȠȈȘȑȈȚȐȘ ȌȎȈȚȈ-șȈȌȝȊȈșȈȝ ȔțȕȐȔ ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȊȈȓȔȐȒȈȕȚȈȘȝȐȚȈȔ ȠȈȕȈȐȝ ȌțȝȐȚțȝ — ȌȖȟȍȘȐ; ȚȈȚ ȊȈȟȈȝ — Țȍ șȓȖȊȈ; ȠȘțȚȊȈ — țșȓȣȝȈȊ; ȠȈȘȑȈȚȐȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ; ȌȎȈȚȈ-șȈȌȝȊȈșȈȝ — ȐșȗțȋȈȕȕȣȑ; ȔțȕȐȔ — ȟȤȧȊȈȕț ǴțȕȐ; ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — țșȗȖȒȖȐȓ; ȊȈȓȔȐȒȈ-ȈȕȚȈȘȝȐȚȈȔ — șȗȘȧȚȈȊȠȍȋȖșȧ Ȋ ȔțȘȈȊȤȐȕȖȑ ȕȖȘȒȍ; ȠȈȕȈȐȝ — ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ. ǻșȓȣȠȈȊ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȐȍ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ, ȞȈȘȤ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȕȍ ȕȈ ȠțȚȒț ȐșȗțȋȈȓșȧ. Ƕȕ șȚȈȓ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȐȚȤ ȟȤȧȊȈȕț ǴțȕȐ, ȐȉȖ ȥȚȖ Ȗȕ șȐȌȍȓ Ȋ ȕȖȘȒȍ ȔțȘȈȊȤȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȚȈȌ-ȈȉȝȐȗȘȈȑȈȔ ȈȌȎȕȈȑȈ ȗȘȈȌȈȌ ȌțȝȐȚȈȘȈȔ Ȕțȕȍȝ ȒȘȐȟȟȝȘȈȕ ȔțȒȚȈș ȚȈȔ ȈȔȈȕȚȘȑȈ ȗțȘȈȔ ȗȘȈȑȈȚ șȈȔȈȝȐȚȈȝ ȚȈȚ — ȍȋȖ; ȈȉȝȐȗȘȈȑȈȔ — ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȐȍ; ȈȌȎȕȈȑȈ — ȗȖȕȧȊ; ȗȘȈȌȈȚ — ȖȚȌȈȓ; ȌțȝȐȚȈȘȈȔ — ȌȖȟȤ; Ȕțȕȍȝ — ȏȈȔțȎ ȏȈ ȟȤȧȊȈȕț ǴțȕȐ; ȒȘȐȟȟȝȘȈȚ — ȖȚ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȐ; ȔțȒȚȈȝ — ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȑ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ (ǴțȕȐ); ȈȔȈȕȚȘȑȈ — ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȊ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȐȧ; ȗțȘȈȔ — ȌȖȔȖȑ; ȗȘȈȑȈȚ — țȠȍȓ; șȈȔȈȝȐȚȈȝ — ȏȈȌțȔȈȊȠȐȑșȧ. ǵȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȗȘȖȕȐȞȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȞȈȘȤ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȗȖȕȧȓ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȐȍ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ Ȑ ȖȚȌȈȓ șȊȖȦ ȌȖȟȤ ȍȔț Ȋ Ȏȍȕȣ. ǺȈȒ, ș ȚȘțȌȖȔ ȐȏȉȍȎȈȊ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȐ, ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ș ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȧ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǻșȓȣȠȈȊ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ, ȞȈȘȤ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ ȔțȌȘȍȞț ȟȤȧȊȈȕȍ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ȖȕȈ ȗȖ ȕȍȊȍȌȍȕȐȦ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓȈ șȊȖȑ ȗȘȖșȚțȗȖȒ. ǴțȌȘȍȞ Ȏȍ Ȋ ȖȚȊȍȚ ȗȖȐȕȚȍȘȍșȖȊȈȓșȧ, ȕȍ ȏȈȔțȎȍȔ ȓȐ ȖȕȈ. ǺȈȒ ȞȈȘȤ ȗȖȕȧȓ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȐȍ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ (ȚȈȌ-ȈȉȝȐȗȘȈȑȈȔ ȈȌȎȕȈȑȈ) Ȑ șȘȈȏț șȖȋȓȈșȐȓșȧ ȖȚȌȈȚȤ ȍȔț ȌȖȟȤ Ȋ Ȏȍȕȣ, ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ 36


37 ȐȏȉȈȊȐȊ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȚ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȧ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ș ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȧ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 șțȒȈȕȑȈ ȟȑȈȊȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȈȗȑȈ ȗȈȚȐȔ ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȒȖȗȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȐȕȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȟȐȚȚȈ-ȌȎȕȈ ȈȗȘȈȔȈȚȚȈȕțȊȘȐȚȚȐȉȝȐȝ șțȒȈȕȑȈ — ȌȍȊțȠȒȈ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ, ȌȖȟȤ ȞȈȘȧ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ; ȟȑȈȊȈȕȈȔ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ȟȤȧȊȈȕț ǴțȕȐ; ȗȘȈȗȑȈ — ȖȉȘȍȚȧ; ȗȈȚȐȔ — ȔțȎȈ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȒȖȗȈȕȈȔ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȋȕȍȊȓȐȊȖȋȖ; ȗȘȐȕȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȓȈ; ȟȐȚȚȈ-ȌȎȕȈ — ȗȖȕȐȔȈȦȡȈȧ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ (ȔțȎȈ); ȈȗȘȈȔȈȚȚȈ ȈȕțȊȘȐȚȚȐȉȝȐȝ — ȕȍȊȖȏȔțȚȐȔȖ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȦȡȈȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ. ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ ȉȣȓ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȋȕȍȊȓȐȊ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ, ȒȈȒ ȊȍȘȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȈ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȊȍȓȈ șȍȉȧ ș ȕȐȔ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȖȒȓȈȌȐșȚȖ. ǷȖȕȐȔȈȧ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘ șțȗȘțȋȈ, ȖȕȈ ȕȍȊȖȏȔțȚȐȔȖ șȓțȎȐȓȈ ȍȔț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȈȒȐȔȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȔțȎȍȔ Ȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȍ ǴțȕȐ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȋȓȈȊȍȕșȚȊțȦȡȍȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍ șȒȓȖȕȕȣ ȕȐȒȖȔț ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȚȤșȧ. ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ ȉȣȓ ȚȈȒ ȋȕȍȊȓȐȊ. ǵȖ ȍȋȖ ȎȍȕȈ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȓȈ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘ ȔțȎȈ Ȑ ȊȍȓȈ șȍȉȧ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ. ǭșȓȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȖȑ Ȋ șȍȔȍȑȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȖȕȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ Ȑ șȚȈȘȈȚȤșȧ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȍȔț țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ — ȗȖȉȍȌȈ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ. Ǯȍȕȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȌȖȟȍȘȤȔȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȞȈȘȍȑ, Ȑ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș ȔțȎȍȔ ȖȕȐ ȊȍȓȐ șȍȉȧ ȒȈȒ ǭȋȖ șȓțȎȈȕȒȐ. DzȈȒȖȑ ȉȣ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȕȐ ȉȣȓȈ, ȖȕȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȊȍșȚȐ șȍȉȧ ș ȔțȎȍȔ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ ȚȈȒ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȖȕȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȉȣȚȤ ȋȖȚȖȊȈ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȘȈșȗȖȘȧȎȍȕȐȍ ȔțȎȈ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȚȈȘȈȚȤșȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȈ ȉțȌȍȚ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȈ. ǭșȓȐ ȎȍȕȈ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȊȏȌȖȘȕȈ Ȑ ȚȘȍȉȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȈ, ȒȈȒ ȔțȎ, Ȑȝ șȍȔȍȑȕȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȉțȌȍȚ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȐȔ ȖȌȕȐ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȈ Ȑ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ ȘȈȏȘțȠȐȚșȧ. Ǫ ȕȈȠȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍȕȣ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȦȚșȧ ȔțȎȤȧȔ, ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ șȍȔȍȑ ȘȈșȗȈȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ șțȡȐȝ ȗțșȚȧȒȖȊ. dzȐȉȖ ȔțȎ, ȓȐȉȖ ȎȍȕȈ ȗȖȌȈȦȚ ȏȈȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȕȈ ȘȈȏȊȖȌ. ǵȖ Ȋ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȕȍȚ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȐȧ, ȒȈȒ ȘȈȏȊȖȌ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȎȍȕȡȐȕ Ȋ ȕȍȔ țȟȈȚ ȗȖȊȐȕȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȊȖȓȍ ȔțȎȈ. ǵȈ ǯȈȗȈȌȍ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȍȍ ȘȈȉșȚȊȖȔ, ȕȖ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȚȈȒ. ȅȚȖ ȖșȖȉȈȧ ȚȈȒȚȐȒȈ, ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȏȈȊȖȍȊȈȚȤ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȔțȎȈ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȉȣ ȘȈȏȌȘȈȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ ȐȓȐ ȋȘțȉȣȔ ȚȖȚ ȕȐ ȉȣȓ. Ǫ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ ș ȟȤȧȊȈȕȖȑ ǴțȕȐ Ȕȣ ȊȐȌȐȔ, ȟȚȖ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ șȚȈȘ Ȑ ȋȖȌȐȓșȧ ǹțȒȈȕȤȍ Ȋ ȌȍȌțȠȒȐ Ȑ ȊȌȖȉȈȊȖȒ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț ȉȣȓ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȋȕȍȊȓȐȊȣȔ, ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ — ȦȕȈȧ Ȑ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȈȧ ȌȖȟȤ ȞȈȘȧ — ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȓȈșȤ șȊȖȍȔț ȗȘȍșȚȈȘȍȓȖȔț ȔțȎț Ȑ șȚȈȘȈȓȈșȤ ȍȔț ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ țȋȖȌȐȚȤ. ǺȈȒ ȖȕȈ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȓȈ ȌȖȓȋ ȊȍȘȕȖȑ Ȑ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȖȑ Ȏȍȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȒȈșȑȈȟȐȚ ȚȊ ȈȚȝȈ ȒȈȓȈșȑȈ ȕȈșȈȚȑȈȊ ȈȠȘȈȔȈȋȈȚȈț ȚȈț ȗțȌȎȈȑȐȚȊȈ ȗȘȖȊȈȟȈ ȊȈȑȖ Ȕȍ ȌȈȚȚȈȔ ȐȠȊȈȘȈț 37


38 ȒȈșȑȈȟȐȚ — (ȗȖ ȗȘȖȠȍșȚȊȐȐ) ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; Țț — ȕȖ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȈȒ; ȒȈȓȈșȑȈ — ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ; ȕȈșȈȚȑȈț — ȌȊȖȍ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȖȊ; ȈȠȘȈȔȈ — Ȋ ȌȖȔ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ; ȈȋȈȚȈț — ȗȘȐȠȍȌȠȐȍ; ȚȈț — ȐȔ (ȖȉȖȐȔ); ȗțȌȎȈȑȐȚȊȈ — ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȊȠȐșȤ; ȗȘȖȊȈȟȈ — ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ; ȊȈȑȈȝ — ȦȕȖșȚȤ; Ȕȍ — Ȕȕȍ; ȌȈȚȚȈȔ — ȌȈȕȕțȦ; ȐȠȊȈȘȈț — șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ (ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȐȚȤ). ǷȘȖȠȓȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ, Ȑ ȒȈȒ-ȚȖ ȘȈȏ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȣ, ȕȍȉȍșȕȣȍ ȞȍȓȐȚȍȓȐ, ȗȘȐȠȓȐ Ȓ ȈȠȘȈȔț ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ. ǷȖȒȓȖȕȐȊȠȐșȤ ȐȔ, ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȓ ȕȐȔ ș ȗȘȖșȤȉȖȑ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤ ȍȔț ȔȖȓȖȌȖșȚȤ, ȐȉȖ ȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȥȚȖ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȍȉȍșȕȣȍ ȊȘȈȟȍȊȈȚȍȓȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȈȔ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤ ȔȖȓȖȌȖșȚȤ ȌȈȎȍ șȈȔȖȔț șȚȈȘȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț. ǩȖȓȍȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȑȖȋȐ -ȔȐșȚȐȒȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȖȎȐȊȐȚȤ ȔȍȘȚȊȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ, ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȖ ȕȍ ȘȈȏȓȖȎȐȓȖșȤ. Ƕȉ ȥȚȖȔ țȎȍ ȠȓȈ ȘȍȟȤ Ȋ ȚȍȒșȚȈȝ, ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȊȠȐȝ, ȒȈȒ ȀțȒȘȈȟȈȘȤȧ ȐșȞȍȓȐȓ ȊȖȐȕȖȊ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǩȈȓȐ. ǹȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȑ ȔȍȌȐȞȐȕȍ ȕȍȊȍȌȖȔȣ șȍȒȘȍȚȣ ȖȎȐȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȔȍȘȚȊȣȝ ȐȓȐ ȖȔȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ șȚȈȘȐȒȖȊ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ Ȑȏ șȚȐȝȈ ȧȊșȚȊțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȐșȞȍȓȍȕȐȧ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣ, ȍșȓȐ ȊȘȈȟȍȊȈȚȍȓȤ ȏȕȈȍȚ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȕȈțȒȐ. ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȣ, ȒȈȒ Ȑ ǬȝȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘȐ, ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȏȕȈȚȖȒȈȔȐ «ǨȦȘ-ȊȍȌȣ». ǹȗȍȞȐȈȓȐșȚȣ Ȋ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ȓȦȉȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȈțȒ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț Ȋ șȊȖȍȑ șȜȍȘȍ, ȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȍȋȖ, ȖȕȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȖȗȐȘȈȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ. ǪȣșȠȍȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȚȈȚȤ șȓțȋȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȥȚȖȋȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ, ȕțȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» — ȏȘȍȓȖȔț ȗȓȖȌț ș ȌȘȍȊȈ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ǪȍȌȣ (ȕȐȋȈȔȈ-ȒȈȓȗȈ-ȚȈȘȖȘ ȋȈȓȐȚȈȔ ȗȝȈȓȈȔ) . ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȋȘȈȝȈȔ ȋȘȈȝȐȠȑȍ șȖȔȈșȑȈ ȑȈȌȎȕȍ ȊȈȔ Ȉȗȑ ȈșȖȔȈ-ȗȖȝ ȒȘȐȑȈȚȈȔ Ȕȍ ȊȈȑȖ-ȘțȗȈȔ ȗȘȈȔȈȌȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȐȗșȐȚȈȔ ȋȘȈȝȈȔ — ȗȖȓȕȣȑ șȖșțȌ; ȋȘȈȝȐȠȑȍ — ȊȖȏȤȔț; șȖȔȈșȑȈ — șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșȣ; ȑȈȌȎȕȍ — ȕȈ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ; ȊȈȔ — ȊȈȔ (ȖȉȖȐȔ); ȈȗȐ — ȝȖȚȧ; ȈșȖȔȈ-ȗȖȝ — ȕȍȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȝ ȗȐȚȤ șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșț; ȒȘȐȑȈȚȈȔ — ȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȈ; Ȕȍ — ȔȖȧ; ȊȈȑȈȝ — ȔȖȓȖȌȖșȚȤ; ȘțȗȈȔ — ȦȕȖȠȍșȒȈȧ ȒȘȈșȖȚȈ; ȗȘȈȔȈȌȈȕȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ; ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ; ȐȗșȐȚȈȔ — ȎȍȓȈȍȔȈ. ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǽȖȚȧ ȊȈȔ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚșȧ ȗȐȚȤ șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșț ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, ȧ țșȚȘȖȦ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖ Ȋȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȍ ȗȖȓȕțȦ ȟȈȠț ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕȈȗȐȚȒȈ. ǹȌȍȓȈȑȚȍ Ȕȍȕȧ, ȗȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, ȔȖȓȖȌȣȔ Ȑ ȒȘȈșȐȊȣȔ, ȐȉȖ ȔȖȓȖȌȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȈ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȚ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȉȈȌȝȈȔ ȐȚȑ țȟȈȚțȘ ȊȐȗȘȈȔ ȈȉȝȐȕȈȕȌȑȈ ȉȝȐȠȈȒȚȈȔȈț ȕȐȔȈȌȎȌȎȈȚȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȈșȔȐȕ ȝȘȈȌȍ șȐȌȌȝȈ-ȊȐȕȐȘȔȐȚȍ 38


39 ȉȈȌȝȈȔ — ȝȖȘȖȠȖ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; țȟȈȚțȝ — ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓȐ (ȕȈ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ); ȊȐȗȘȈȔ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕț (ȟȤȧȊȈȕȍ ǴțȕȐ); ȈȉȝȐȕȈȕȌȑȈ — ȗȖȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȐȊ; ȉȝȐȠȈȒ-ȚȈȔȈț — ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȣ, ȌȊȈ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȊȘȈȟȈ; ȕȐȔȈȌȎȌȎȈȚȈȔ — ȖȒțȕȐȚȍșȤ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕ — Ȋȣ (ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ); ȈșȔȐȕ — Ȋ ȥȚȖ; ȝȘȈȌȍ — ȖȏȍȘȖ; șȐȌȌȝȈ-ȊȐȕȐȘȔȐȚȍ — șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȐȧ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȝ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȞȍȓȐȚȍȓȐ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȣ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖȉȘȈȌȖȊȈȓȐșȤ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȐȦ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓȐ ȥȚȖȔț ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕț: «ǶȒțȕȐșȤ Ȋ ȖȏȍȘȖ țȌȈȟȐ». [DzȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ ȐșȒțȗȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȕȍȔ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚ Ȋșȍ șȊȖȐ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ.] ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȐȚȑ țȒȚȖ ȌȎȈȘȈȑȈ ȋȘȈșȚȈ ȌȍȝȖ ȌȝȈȔȈȕȐ-șȈȕȚȈȚȈȝ ȝȘȈȌȈȔ ȗȘȈȊȍȠȐȚȖ 'ȠȊȐȉȝȑȈȔ ȊȈȓȐ-ȗȈȓȐȚȈ-ȊȐȋȘȈȝȈȝ ȐȚȐ țȒȚȈȝ — ȚȖȋȌȈ ȚȖȚ, Ȓ ȒȖȔț ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȣ (ȥȚȐ șȓȖȊȈ); ȌȎȈȘȈȑȈ — șȚȈȘȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȕȍȔȖȡȤȦ; ȋȘȈșȚȈ-ȌȍȝȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȍ ȚȍȓȖ șȕȍȌȈȍȔȖ; ȌȝȈȔȈȕȐ-șȈȕȚȈȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț Țȍȓț ȊȣșȚțȗȐȓȐ Ȋȍȕȣ; ȝȘȈȌȈȔ — Ȋ ȖȏȍȘȖ; ȗȘȈȊȍȠȐȚȈȝ — ȊȖȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȈȠȊȐȉȝȑȈȔ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȈȔȐ; ȊȈȓȐ-ȗȈȓȐȚȈ-ȊȐȋȘȈȝȈȝ — șȍȌȖȑ, ș ȖȉȊȐșȓȖȑ ȒȖȎȍȑ. ǹȒȈȏȈȊ ȥȚȖ, ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȣ ȗȖȌȝȊȈȚȐȓȐ ȟȤȧȊȈȕț ǴțȕȐ, — ȉȖȓȤȕȖȋȖ, ȕȍȔȖȡȕȖȋȖ șȚȈȘȞȈ ș ȌȘȧȉȓȖȑ ȒȖȎȍȑ, șȍȌȣȔȐ ȊȖȓȖșȈȔȐ Ȑ ȊȏȌțȊȠȐȔȐșȧ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț Țȍȓț ȊȍȕȈȔȐ — Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȊȚȘȖȍȔ ȖȒțȕțȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȖȏȍȘȖ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ ȉȣȓ ȚȈȒ șȚȈȘ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȋ șȈȔ ȊȖȑȚȐ Ȋ ȖȏȍȘȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȣ, ȗȖȌȝȊȈȚȐȊ ȍȋȖ, ȊȖȠȓȐ Ȋ ȊȖȌț ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȕȐȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 ȗțȘțȠȈș ȚȘȈȑȈ țȚȚȈșȚȝțȘ ȈȗȐȊȑȈ ȊȈȕȐȚȈ-ȗȘȐȑȈȝ ȗȈȌȔȈ-șȘȈȌȎȈȝ ȒțȕȌȈȓȐȕȈș ȚțȓȑȈ-ȘțȗȈȝ șțȊȈșȈșȈȝ ȗțȘțȠȈȝ — ȔțȎȟȐȕȣ; ȚȘȈȑȈȝ — ȚȘȖȍ; țȚȚȈșȚȝțȝ — ȊȖșșȚȈȓȐ (Ȑȏ ȖȏȍȘȈ); ȈȗȐȊȑȈȝ — ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȍ; ȊȈȕȐȚȈ-ȗȘȐȑȈȝ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ Ȍȓȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ; ȗȈȌȔȈșȘȈȌȎȈȝ — țȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌȈȔȐ Ȑȏ ȓȖȚȖșȖȊ; ȒțȕȌȈȓȐȕȈȝ — țȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȍ șȍȘȤȋȈȔȐ; ȚțȓȑȈ-ȘțȗȈȝ — ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȣȍ ȓȐȞȖȔ Ȑ ȚȍȓȖȔ; șț-ȊȈșȈșȈȝ — ȖȌȍȚȣȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȒȘȈșȐȊȖ. ȟȍȘȍȏ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȑȏ ȊȖȌȣ ȊȣȠȓȐ ȚȘȖȍ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȝ ȔțȎȟȐȕ. ǶȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȒȘȈșȐȊȖ ȖȌȍȚȣ, Ȑȝ țȒȘȈȠȈȓȐ șȍȘȤȋȐ Ȑ ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌȣ Ȑȏ ȓȖȚȖșȖȊ. ǷȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȍ ȕȐ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȕȍ țșȚțȗȈȓ ȌȘțȋȖȔț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 ȚȈȕ ȕȐȘȐȒȠȑȈ ȊȈȘȈȘȖȝȈ 39


40 șȈȘțȗȈȕ șțȘȑȈ-ȊȈȘȟȈșȈȝ ȈȌȎȈȕȈȚȐ ȗȈȚȐȔ șȈȌȝȊȐ ȈȠȊȐȕȈț ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȑȈț ȚȈȕ — ȕȈ ȕȐȝ; ȕȐȘȐȒȠȑȈ — ȗȖȋȓȧȌȍȊ; ȊȈȘȈ-ȈȘȖȝȈ — ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȈȧ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ; șȈ-ȘțȗȈȕ — ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȒȘȈșȐȊȣȝ; șțȘȑȈ-ȊȈȘȟȈșȈȝ — ȕȈ Țȍȝ, ȟȤȐ ȚȍȓȈ șȐȧȓȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ șȖȓȕȞț; ȈȌȎȈȕȈȚȐ — ȕȍ țȏȕȈȦȡȈȧ; ȗȈȚȐȔ — ȔțȎȈ; șȈȌȝȊȐ — ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ; ȈȠȊȐȕȈț — Ȓ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȈȔ; ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ — ȗȖȌ ȏȈȡȐȚț; ȑȈȑȈț — ȗȘȐȠȓȈ. ǾȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȈȧ Ȑ ȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȈȧ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ȕȍ șȔȖȋȓȈ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȚȤ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ ȖȚ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȖȊ, ȐȉȖ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȊȣȋȓȧȌȍȓȐ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȔȐ. ǵȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȧ, ȒȚȖ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȍȍ ȔțȎ, ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ȊȏȔȖȓȐȓȈșȤ Ȗ ȗȖȔȖȡȐ Ȓ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȈȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ȔȖȋȓȈ ȐȏȉȘȈȚȤ șȍȉȍ Ȋ ȔțȎȤȧ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ Ȑȏ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȠȐȝ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȍȑ ȔțȎȟȐȕ, ȐȉȖ Ȋșȍ ȚȘȖȍ ȉȣȓȐ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣ Ȑ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȚȤ Ȑȝ ȌȘțȋ ȖȚ ȌȘțȋȈ ȉȣȓȖ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ, ȒȈȒ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓȈ ȗȖȔȖȡȐ ț ǨȠȊȐȕȐ- ȒțȔȈȘȖȊ, ȊȍȌȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋȓȐ șȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȍȑ, ȒȚȖ Ȏȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȍȍ ȔțȎ. ǾȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȈ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȐȏȔȍȕȐȚ șȊȖȍȔț ȔțȎț, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȌȘțȋȖȑ ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ ȖȒȈȎȍȚșȧ șȚȖȓȤ Ȏȍ ȒȘȈșȐȊȣȔ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȔ, ȒȈȒ ȍȍ șțȗȘțȋ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȌȈȘȠȈȑȐȚȊȈ ȗȈȚȐȔ ȚȈșȑȈȐ ȗȈȚȐ-ȊȘȈȚȑȍȕȈ ȚȖȠȐȚȈț ȘȐȠȐȔ ȈȔȈȕȚȘȑȈ ȑȈȑȈȚțȘ ȊȐȔȈȕȍȕȈ ȚȘȐȊȐȠȚȈȗȈȔ ȌȈȘȠȈȑȐȚȊȈ — ȗȖȒȈȏȈȊ; ȗȈȚȐȔ — ȔțȎȈ; ȚȈșȑȈȐ — ȍȑ (ǹțȒȈȕȤȍ); ȗȈȚȐ-ȊȘȈȚȑȍȕȈ — (ȍȍ) ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ ȔțȎț; ȚȖȠȐȚȈț — ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȍ; ȘȐȠȐȔ — ț ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ; ȈȔȈȕȚȘȑȈ — ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȊ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȐȧ; ȑȈȑȈȚțȝ — ȖȚȉȣȓȐ; ȊȐȔȈȕȍȕȈ — ȕȈ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȖȔ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȍ; ȚȘȐȊȐȠȚȈȗȈȔ — Ȓ ȘȈȑșȒȐȔ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȔ. ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȐȍȔ Ȑ ȊȍȘȕȖșȚȤȦ ǹțȒȈȕȤȐ. ǶȕȐ țȒȈȏȈȓȐ ȍȑ ȍȍ ȔțȎȈ, ȟȤȧȊȈȕț ǴțȕȐ, Ȑ, ȐșȗȘȖșȐȊ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȧ, ȕȈ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȖȔ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȍ ȊȍȘȕțȓȐșȤ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȑȈȒȠȑȈȔȈȕȖ 'ȚȝȈ ȠȈȘȑȈȚȐȠ ȟȑȈȊȈȕȈșȑȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȌȈȌȈȘȠȈ ȌțȝȐȚțȝ ȗȈȘȠȊȍ ȗțȘțȠȈȔ șțȘȑȈ-ȊȈȘȟȈșȈȔ ȑȈȒȠȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȧȋȤȦ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȠȈȘȑȈȚȐȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ; ȟȑȈȊȈȕȈșȑȈ — ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ; ȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ — Ȓ ȔȍșȚț, ȋȌȍ (Ȗȕ) ȎȐȓ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȌȈȌȈȘȠȈ — țȊȐȌȍȓ; ȌțȝȐȚțȝ — ȌȖȟȍȘȐ; ȗȈȘȠȊȍ — ȗȖȌȓȍ; ȗțȘțȠȈȔ — ȔțȎȟȐȕț; șțȘȑȈ- ȊȈȘȟȈșȈȔ — ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȋȖ Ȑ șȐȧȊȠȍȋȖ ȒȈȒ șȖȓȕȞȍ.

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41 ǪșȒȖȘȍ ȗȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȞȈȘȤ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȓ ȎȐȓȐȡț ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ. ǺȈȔ ȘȧȌȖȔ șȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȟȍȘȤȦ Ȗȕ țȊȐȌȍȓ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȋȖ ȦȕȖȠț, șȐȧȊȠȍȋȖ ȒȈȒ șȖȓȕȞȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȘȈȌȎȈ ȌțȝȐȚȈȘȈȔ ȗȘȈȝȈ ȒȘȐȚȈ-ȗȈȌȈȉȝȐȊȈȕȌȈȕȈȔ ȈȠȐȠȈȠ ȟȈȗȘȈȑțȕȌȎȈȕȖ ȕȈȚȐȗȘȐȚȐ-ȔȈȕȈ ȐȊȈ ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘȤ (ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ); ȌțȝȐȚȈȘȈȔ — ȌȖȟȍȘȐ; ȗȘȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȒȘȐȚȈ-ȗȈȌȈȈȉȝȐȊȈȕȌȈȕȈȔ — ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȊȠȍȑșȧ ȖȚȞț; ȈȠȐȠȈȝ — ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȧ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȗȘȈȑțȕȌȎȈȕȈȝ — ȕȍ ȌȈȦȡȐȑ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȚȐȗȘȐȚȐ-ȔȈȕȈȝ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ. ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȓȈșȤ șȊȖȍȔț ȖȚȞț, ȕȖ ȚȖȚ, ȕȍ șȚȈȊ ȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȓȧȚȤ, ȊȣȘȈȏȐȓ ȓȐȠȤ ȒȘȈȑȕȍȍ ȕȍȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȖ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȟȐȒȐȘȠȐȚȈȔ Țȍ ȒȐȔ ȐȌȈȔ ȗȈȚȐș ȚȊȈȑȈ ȗȘȈȓȈȔȉȝȐȚȖ ȓȖȒȈ-ȕȈȔȈșȒȘȐȚȖ ȔțȕȐȝ ȑȈȚ ȚȊȈȔ ȌȎȈȘȈ-ȋȘȈșȚȈȔ ȈșȈȚȑ ȈșȈȔȔȈȚȈȔ ȊȐȝȈȑȈ ȌȎȈȘȈȔ ȉȝȈȌȎȈșȍ 'ȔțȔ ȈȌȝȊȈȋȈȔ ȟȐȒȐȘȠȐȚȈȔ — ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȐȍ; Țȍ — ȚȊȖȍ; ȒȐȔ ȐȌȈȔ — ȒȈȒȖȍ ȥȚȖ; ȗȈȚȐȝ — ȔțȎ; ȚȊȈȑȈ — ȚȖȉȖȑ; ȗȘȈȓȈȔȉȝȐȚȈȝ — ȖȉȔȈȕțȚ; ȓȖȒȈ-ȕȈȔȈșȒȘȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȔȣȑ ȊșȍȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ; ȔțȕȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȑȈȚ — ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; ȌȎȈȘȈ-ȋȘȈșȚȈȔ — șȚȈȘȖȋȖ Ȑ ȕȍȔȖȡȕȖȋȖ; ȈșȈȚȐ — Ȗ ȕȍȟȍșȚȐȊȈȧ ȌȖȟȤ; ȈșȈȔȔȈȚȈȔ — ȕȍ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ; ȊȐȝȈȑȈ — ȉȘȖșȐȊ; ȌȎȈȘȈȔ — ȓȦȉȖȊȕȐȒȈ; ȉȝȈȌȎȈșȍ — ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȠȤ; ȈȔțȔ — ȥȚȖȋȖ; ȈȌȝȊȈȋȈȔ — ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȋȖ țȓȐȟȕȖȔț ȗȖȗȘȖȠȈȑȒȍ. Ƕ ȘȈșȗțȚȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, ȟȚȖ Țȣ ȊȏȌțȔȈȓȈ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ? Ǻȣ ȖȉȔȈȕțȓȈ șȚȖȓȤ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȕȖȋȖ, ȊșȍȔȐ țȊȈȎȈȍȔȖȋȖ ȔțȎȈ. Ǻȣ ȉȘȖșȐȓȈ ȍȋȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ șȚȈȘ, ȉȖȓȍȕ Ȑ ȕȍȒȘȈșȐȊ, Ȑ ȊȏȧȓȈ șȍȉȍ Ȋ ȔțȎȤȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȦȕȞȈ, ȗȖȝȖȎȍȋȖ ȕȈ ȗȖȗȘȖȠȈȑȒț ș țȓȐȞȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȕȣ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȣ. ǪȖȓȍȦ șțȌȤȉȣ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓȈ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ șȚȈȘȖȋȖ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȍ ȔțȎȈ. ǿȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ ȉȣȓ ȉȖȓȍȕ Ȑ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȚȈȘ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ, ȕȍ ȋȖȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȔțȎȤȧ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȑ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ ȞȈȘȧ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ. ǺȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȞȈȘȤ ȕȈȌȍȧȓșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȟȤ ȉțȌȍȚ ȊȍȘȕȈ șȊȖȍȔț ȔțȎț. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ Ȗȕ țȊȐȌȍȓ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȟȤ șȚȖȐȚ ȘȧȌȖȔ ș ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȔțȎȟȐȕȖȑ, ȗțșȚȤ ȌȈȎȍ ȔȖȓȖȌȣȔ Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ, Ȗȕ ȖșțȌȐȓ ȍȍ, ȕȈȏȊȈȊ ȈșȈȚȐ — ȘȈșȗțȚȕȐȞȍȑ. Ǫ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȍ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȖ, ȟȚȖ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ț ȔȖȓȖȌȖȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ șȚȈȘȣȑ ȔțȎ, ȖȕȈ Ȋșȍ ȘȈȊȕȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ș țȊȈȎȍȕȐȍȔ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ȍȔț. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ Ȑ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ ȍȍ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȐȍ. ǮȍȕȈ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ țȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ Ȓ ȌȘțȋȖȔț ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȔțȎ ȍȑ ȟȍȔ-ȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȕȘȈȊȐȓșȧ. Ǫ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȖ. ǷȖ ȏȈȒȖȕȈȔ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȎȍȕȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȖșȚȈȊȈȚȤșȧ ș ȔțȎȍȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȊȣȉȘȈȓȐ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȍ ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȐ, Ȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȉȣȚȤ ȍȔț ȊȍȘȕȖȑ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȑ. ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȞȈȘȤ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ țȌȐȊȐȓșȧ, ȒȖȋȌȈ țȊȐȌȍȓ ȘȧȌȖȔ ș ǹțȒȈȕȤȍȑ ȔȖȓȖȌȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. 41


42 ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȔȈȚȐș Țȍ 'ȊȈȋȈȚȈȕȑȈȚȝȈ șȈȚȈȔ ȒțȓȈ-ȗȘȈșțȚȍ ȒțȓȈ-ȌțȠȈȕȈȔ ȚȊ ȐȌȈȔ ȉȐȉȝȈȘȠȐ ȌȎȈȘȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȈȗȈȚȘȈȗȈ ȒțȓȈȔ ȗȐȚțȠ ȟȈ ȉȝȈȘȚțȠ ȟȈ ȕȈȑȈșȑ ȈȌȝȈș ȚȈȔȈȝ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ — ȒȈȒ; ȔȈȚȐȝ Țȍ — ȚȊȖȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȈȊȈȋȈȚȈ — ȖȗțșȚȐȊȠȍȍșȧ; ȈȕȑȈȚȝȈ — ȐȕȈȟȍ; șȈȚȈȔ — țȊȈȎȈȍȔȖȑ; ȒțȓȈ-ȗȘȈșțȚȍ — Ȗ ȌȖȟȤ ȔȖȧ, ȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȈȧ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ; ȒțȓȈȌțȠȈȕȈȔ — țȗȈȌȖȒ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ; Țț — Ȏȍ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȉȐȉȝȈȘȠȐ — șȖȌȍȘȎȐȠȤ; ȌȎȈȘȈȔ — ȓȦȉȖȊȕȐȒȈ; ȑȈȚ — ȟȚȖ; ȈȗȈȚȘȈȗȈ — ȉȍșșȚȣȌșȚȊȖ; ȒțȓȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ; ȗȐȚțȝ — ȖȚȞȈ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȉȝȈȘȚțȝ — ȔțȎȈ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȕȈȑȈșȐ — ȕȐȏȊȖȌȐȠȤ; ȈȌȝȈȝ ȚȈȔȈȝ — ȊȕȐȏ, ȊȖ ȚȤȔț (Ȋ ȈȌ). Ƕ ȌȖȟȤ ȔȖȧ, Țȣ ȘȖȌȐȓȈșȤ Ȋ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȑ șȍȔȤȍ, ȒȈȒ Ȏȍ ȔȖȋȓȈ Țȣ ȚȈȒ ȖȗțșȚȐȚȤșȧ? DzȈȒ șȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ, ȟȚȖ ȉȍȏ ȏȈȏȘȍȕȐȧ șȖȊȍșȚȐ Țȣ ȏȈȊȍȓȈ șȍȉȍ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȐȒȈ? ǺȊȖȑ ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȚ Ȋ ȈȌ Ȑ ȘȖȌ ȚȊȖȍȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ, Ȑ ȘȖȌ ȔțȎȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȏȈȊȖȌȐȚ șȍȉȍ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȐȒȈ ȐȓȐ ȊȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȔțȎȈ, ȗȖȊȐȕȕȈ Ȋ ȕȘȈȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȗȈȌȍȕȐȐ șȍȔȤȐ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ Ȑ șȍȔȤȐ ȔțȎȈ. ȅȚȐȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȣ Ȑ ȗȖ șȍȑ ȌȍȕȤ șȚȘȖȋȖ șȓȍȌțȦȚ Ȋ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȝ șȍȔȤȧȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ Ȑ ȊȈȑȠȤȍȊ . ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȠțȌȘȣ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ȥȚȐȝ ȕȖȘȔ. Ǫ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȕȍȌȖȗțșȚȐȔȣȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ Ȑȏ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ ȐȓȐ ȊȈȑȠȤȍȊ țȠȓȈ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȏȈȒȖȕȕȖȋȖ ȔțȎȈ Ȓ ȌȘțȋȖȔț, ȘȈȏȊȍȓȈșȤ ȐȓȐ ȏȈȊȍȓȈ șȍȉȍ ȗȘȐȧȚȍȓȧ Ȑ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȐȒȈ. ǰȔȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȞȈȘȤ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȉȣȓȖ ȕȍȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ Ȗ ȗȘȍȖȉȘȈȎȍȕȐȐ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȣ ǴțȕȐ, ȚȈȒ ȊȖȏȔțȚȐȓșȧ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍȔ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȥȊȈȔ ȉȘțȊȈȕȈȔ ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ șȔȈȑȈȔȈȕȈ ȠțȟȐ-șȔȐȚȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȚȈȚȈ ȌȎȈȔȈȚȈ ȚȈȊȈȐȠȈ ȉȝȘȐȋț-ȕȈȕȌȈȕȈȝ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȉȘțȊȈȕȈȔ — ȋȖȊȖȘȧȡȍȔț ș țȒȖȘȐȏȕȖȑ; ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ — ȖȚȞț; șȔȈȑȈȔȈȕȈ — țȓȣȉȈȦȡȈȧșȧ (ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȖȕȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȟȐșȚȈ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ); ȠțȟȐ-șȔȐȚȈ — șȔȍȦȡȈȧșȧ; țȊȈȟȈ — ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓȈ; ȚȈȚȈ — Ȗ ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ ȖȚȍȞ; ȌȎȈȔȈȚȈ — ȏȧȚȤ; ȚȈȊȈ — ȚȊȖȑ; ȥȠȈȝ — ȥȚȖȚ (ȦȕȖȠȈ); ȉȝȘȐȋț-ȕȈȕȌȈȕȈȝ — ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ (Ȑ ȕȐȒȚȖ ȐȕȖȑ). ǵȖ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ, ȋȖȘȌȧșȤ șȊȖȐȔ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȐȍȔ, ȚȖȓȤȒȖ țȓȣȉȈȓȈșȤ Ȋ ȖȚȊȍȚ ȕȈ țȗȘȍȒȐ ȖȚȞȈ. ǹ țȓȣȉȒȖȑ ȕȈ țșȚȈȝ ȖȕȈ șȒȈȏȈȓȈ ȍȔț: «ǬȖȘȖȋȖȑ ȖȚȍȞ, ȥȚȖȚ ȦȕȖȠȈ, ȟȚȖ șȚȖȐȚ ȘȧȌȖȔ șȖ ȔȕȖȑ, Ȑ ȍșȚȤ ȚȊȖȑ ȏȧȚȤ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ, ȗȖȚȖȔȖȒ ǩȝȘȐȋț». DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǽȖȚȧ ȞȈȘȤ ȘțȋȈȓ șȊȖȦ ȌȖȟȤ, ȌțȔȈȧ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȈ ȏȈȊȍȓȈ șȍȉȍ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ ȔțȎȈ, ȚȈ, țȊȍȘȍȕȕȈȧ Ȋ șȊȖȍȑ ȟȐșȚȖȚȍ Ȑ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȐȐ, ȓȐȠȤ țȓȣȉȈȓȈșȤ Ȋ ȖȚȊȍȚ. ǷȖȚȖȔ ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ș ȋȖȘȌȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓȈ ȖȚȞț Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ȍȍ ȔțȎ, ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȦȕȖȠț Ȑ ȒȈȒ ȖȕȈ ȝȘȈȕȐȓȈ ȍȔț ȊȍȘȕȖșȚȤ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȈ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȓȈ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ, țȓȣȉȒȈ ȕȍ șȝȖȌȐȓȈ ș ȍȍ țșȚ. 42


43 ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 ȠȈȠȈȔșȈ ȗȐȚȘȍ ȚȈȚ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȊȈȑȖ-ȘțȗȈȉȝȐȓȈȔȉȝȈȕȈȔ ȊȐșȔȐȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȗȘȐȚȈș ȚȈȕȈȑȈȔ ȗȈȘȐȠȈșȊȈȌȎȍ ȠȈȠȈȔșȈ — ȖȗȐșȈȓȈ; ȗȐȚȘȍ — ȖȚȞț; ȚȈȚ — ȚȖ; șȈȘȊȈȔ — Ȋșȍ; ȊȈȑȈȝ — ȦȕȖșȚȐ; ȘțȗȈ — Ȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȣ; ȈȉȝȐȓȈȔȉȝȈȕȈȔ — ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȐȍ (ȍȍ ȔțȎȍȔ); ȊȐșȔȐȚȈȝ — țȌȐȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȗȘȐȚȈȝ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ; ȚȈȕȈȑȈȔ — ȌȖȟȤ; ȗȈȘȐȠȈșȊȈȌȎȍ — Ȗȉȕȧȓ ș ȘȈȌȖșȚȤȦ. ǹțȒȈȕȤȧ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓȈ ȖȚȞț Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ȍȍ ȔțȎ ȖȉȘȍȓ ȚȍȓȖ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȋȖ ȦȕȖȠȐ. ǻȏȕȈȊ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ, ȞȈȘȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ țȌȐȊȐȓșȧ Ȑ Ȋ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȘȈȌȖșȚȐ Ȗȉȕȧȓ ȓȦȉȐȔțȦ ȌȖȟȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 24 șȖȔȍȕȈ ȑȈȌȎȈȑȈȕ ȊȐȘȈȔ ȋȘȈȝȈȔ șȖȔȈșȑȈ ȟȈȋȘȈȝȐȚ ȈșȖȔȈ-ȗȖȘ Ȉȗȑ ȈȠȊȐȕȖȠ ȟȑȈȊȈȕȈȝ șȊȍȕȈ ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ șȖȔȍȕȈ — șȖȔȖȑ; ȑȈȌȎȈȑȈȕ — Ȋȍȓȍȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ; ȊȐȘȈȔ — ȞȈȘȦ (ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ); ȋȘȈȝȈȔ — ȗȖȓȕȣȑ șȖșțȌ; șȖȔȈșȑȈ — șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșȣ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȋȘȈȝȐȚ — ȏȈȉȘȈȓ; ȈșȖȔȈ-ȗȖȝ — Ȍȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȖȔț ȕȍ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȖ ȗȐȚȤ șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșț; ȈȗȐ — ȝȖȚȧ; ȈȠȊȐȕȖȝ — ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȈȔ; ȟȑȈȊȈȕȈȝ — ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ; șȊȍȕȈ — șȊȖȍȑ; ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ — ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȤȦ. ǹȊȖȐȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȓ ȞȈȘȦ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ șȖȔȈ-ȧȋȤȦ. ǴțȌȘȍȞ ȗȖȌȕȍș ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȈȔ ȗȖȓȕțȦ ȟȈȠț șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșȣ, ȝȖȚȧ ȐȔ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȖȓȈȋȈȓȖșȤ ȗȐȚȤ ȥȚȖȚ ȕȈȗȐȚȖȒ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 ȝȈȕȚțȔ ȚȈȔ ȈȌȈȌȍ ȊȈȌȎȘȈȔ șȈȌȑȖ ȔȈȕȑțȘ ȈȔȈȘȠȐȚȈȝ șȈȊȈȌȎȘȈȔ șȚȈȔȉȝȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȉȝțȌȎȈȔ ȐȕȌȘȈșȑȈ ȉȝȈȘȋȈȊȈȝ ȝȈȕȚțȔ — țȉȐȚȤ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ (ȟȤȧȊȈȕț); ȈȌȈȌȍ — (ǰȕȌȘȈ) Ȋȏȧȓ; ȊȈȌȎȘȈȔ — ȔȖȓȕȐȦ; șȈȌȑȈȝ — ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȕȖ; ȔȈȕȑțȝ — ȋȕȍȊ (ȕȍȚȍȘȗȍȕȐȍ); ȈȔȈȘȠȐȚȈȝ — ȟȘȍȏȊȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȖȉȍșȗȖȒȖȍȕȕȣȑ; șȈ-ȊȈȌȎȘȈȔ — ȌȍȘȎȈȡțȦ ȔȖȓȕȐȦ; șȚȈȔȉȝȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȗȈȘȈȓȐȏȖȊȈȓ; ȉȝțȌȎȈȔ — ȘțȒț; ȐȕȌȘȈșȑȈ — ǰȕȌȘȣ; ȉȝȈȘȋȈȊȈȝ — ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔȖȒ ǩȝȘȐȋț. ǶȉȍșȗȖȒȖȍȕȕȣȑ Ȑ ȘȈȏȋȕȍȊȈȕȕȣȑ ȥȚȐȔ, ȞȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓ țȉȐȚȤ ȟȤȧȊȈȕț ǴțȕȐ Ȑ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ șȝȊȈȚȐȓșȧ ȏȈ șȊȖȍ ȖȘțȎȐȍ — ȔȖȓȕȐȦ. ǵȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȟȤȧȊȈȕȈ ǴțȕȐ ȕȈșȓȈȓ ȖȞȍȗȍȕȍȕȐȍ ȕȈ ȌȍȘȎȈȊȠțȦ ȖȘțȎȐȍ ȘțȒț ǰȕȌȘȣ. 43


44 ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȈȕȊȈȌȎȈȕȈȔș ȚȈȚȈȝ șȈȘȊȍ ȋȘȈȝȈȔ șȖȔȈșȑȈ ȟȈȠȊȐȕȖȝ ȉȝȐȠȈȌȎȈȊ ȐȚȐ ȑȈȚ ȗțȘȊȈȔ șȖȔȈȝțȚȑȈ ȉȈȝȐȠ-ȒȘȐȚȈț ȈȕȊȈȌȎȈȕȈȕ — ȘȈȏȘȍȠȐȓȐ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖȚȖȔț; șȈȘȊȍ — Ȋșȍ (ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ); ȋȘȈȝȈȔ — ȗȖȓȕȣȑ șȖșțȌ; șȖȔȈșȑȈ — șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșȣ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȠȊȐȕȖȝ — ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȖȊ; ȉȝȐȠȈȌȎȈț — ȊȘȈȟȐ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȑȈȚ — ȝȖȚȧ; ȗțȘȊȈȔ — ȗȘȍȎȌȍ; șȖȔȈȈȝțȚȑȈ — ȌȖȓȍȑ Ȋ șȖȔȈ- ȧȋȤȍ; ȉȈȝȐȝ-ȒȘȐȚȈț — Țȍ, ȒȖȔț ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȖ. ǽȖȚȧ ǨȠȊȐȕȐ-ȒțȔȈȘȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȊȘȈȟȍȊȈȚȍȓȧȔȐ Ȑ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȓȐ ȗȘȈȊȈ ȗȐȚȤ șȖȔȈȘȈșț ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ, ȗȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȓțȟȈȧ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓȐșȤ ȌȈȚȤ ȐȔ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȗȘȈȊȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 țȚȚȈȕȈȉȈȘȝȐȘ ȈȕȈȘȚȖ ȉȝțȘȐȠȍȕȈ ȐȚȐ ȚȘȈȑȈȝ ȠȈȘȑȈȚȍȘ ȈȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȗțȚȘȈ ȈȕȈȘȚȈȌ ȘȍȊȈȚȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȚ țȚȚȈȕȈȉȈȘȝȐȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǻȚȚȈȕȈȉȈȘȝȐ; ȈȕȈȘȚȈȝ — ǨȕȈȘȚȈ; ȉȝțȘȐȠȍȕȈȝ — ǩȝțȘȐȠȍȕȈ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȚȘȈȑȈȝ — ȚȘȖȍ; ȠȈȘȑȈȚȍȝ — ȖȚ ȞȈȘȧ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȕ — ȘȖȌȐȓȐșȤ; ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕȖȊȤȧ; ȈȕȈȘȚȈȚ — ȖȚ ǨȕȈȘȚȣ; ȘȍȊȈȚȈȝ — ǸȍȊȈȚȈ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ. ǻ ȞȈȘȧ ȀȈȘȤȧȚȐ ȉȣȓȖ ȚȘȐ șȣȕȈ: ǻȚȚȈȕȈȉȈȘȝȐ, ǨȕȈȘȚȈ Ȑ ǩȝțȘȐȠȍȕȈ. ǻ ǨȕȈȘȚȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǸȍȊȈȚȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 șȖ 'ȕȚȈȝ-șȈȔțȌȘȍ ȕȈȋȈȘȐȔ ȊȐȕȐȘȔȈȑȈ ȒțȠȈșȚȝȈȓȐȔ ȈșȚȝȐȚȖ 'ȉȝțȕȒȚȈ ȊȐȠȈȑȈȕ ȈȕȈȘȚȈȌȐȕ ȈȘȐȕȌȈȔȈ ȚȈșȑȈ ȗțȚȘȈ-ȠȈȚȈȔ ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ ȒȈȒțȌȔȐ-ȌȎȑȍȠȚȝȈȔ țȚȚȈȔȈȔ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǸȍȊȈȚȈ); ȈȕȚȈȝ-șȈȔțȌȘȍ — ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ Ȋ ȖȒȍȈȕȍ; ȕȈȋȈȘȐȔ — ȋȖȘȖȌ; ȊȐȕȐȘȔȈȑȈ — ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȊ; ȒțȠȈșȚȝȈȓȐȔ — ȗȖȌ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍȔ DzțȠȈșȚȝȈȓȐ; ȈșȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖșȍȓȐȓșȧ; ȈȉȝțȕȒȚȈ — ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ șȟȈșȚȤȍȔ; ȊȐȠȈȑȈȕ — ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ; ȈȕȈȘȚȈ-ȈȌȐȕ — ǨȕȈȘȚț Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ; ȈȘȐȔ-ȌȈȔȈ — Ȗ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȗȖȉȍȎȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; ȗțȚȘȈ-ȠȈȚȈȔ — șȖȚȕȧ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ — ȘȖȌȐȓ; ȒȈȒțȌȔȐ-ȌȎȑȍȠȚȝȈȔ — șȚȈȘȠȐȔ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓ DzȈȒțȌȔȐ; țȚȚȈȔȈȔ — șȈȔȖȋȖ șȐȓȤȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȉȖȋȈȚȖȋȖ.

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45 Ƕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, Ȗ ȗȖȒȖȘȐȚȍȓȤ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ, ǸȍȊȈȚȈ ȖșȕȖȊȈȓ Ȋ ȖȒȍȈȕșȒȖȑ ȗțȟȐȕȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ DzțȠȈșȚȝȈȓȐ. ǮȐȊȧ ȚȈȔ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȗȘȖȊȐȕȞȐȍȑ ǨȕȈȘȚȖȑ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȏȍȔȓȧȔȐ. ǻ ȕȍȋȖ ȉȣȓȖ șȚȖ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, șȚȈȘȠȐȔ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓ DzȈȒțȌȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 29 ȒȈȒțȌȔȐ ȘȍȊȈȚȐȔ ȒȈȕȑȈȔ șȊȈȔ ȈȌȈȑȈ ȊȐȉȝțȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȗțȚȘȑȈ ȊȈȘȈȔ ȗȈȘȐȗȘȈȠȚțȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȈȔ ȈȗȈȊȘȐȚȈȔ ȒȈȒțȌȔȐ — ȞȈȘȤ DzȈȒțȌȔȐ; ȘȍȊȈȚȐȔ — ǸȍȊȈȚȐ; ȒȈȕȑȈȔ — ȌȖȟȤ (DzȈȒțȌȔȐ); șȊȈȔ — șȊȖȦ; ȈȌȈȑȈ — ȊȏȧȊ; ȊȐȉȝțȔ — Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǩȘȈȝȔȍ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȗțȚȘȑȈȝ — ȌȖȟȍȘȐ; ȊȈȘȈȔ — ȔțȎȈ; ȗȈȘȐȗȘȈȠȚțȔ — ȗȘȖșȐȚȤ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȈȔ — ȕȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒț; ȈȗȈȊȘȐȚȈȔ — ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡțȦșȧ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȈȔȐ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȚȘȍȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ. ǮȍȓȈȧ ȕȈȑȚȐ Ȍȓȧ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ ǸȍȊȈȚȐ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȋȖ ȔțȎȈ, DzȈȒțȌȔȐ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ș ȕȍȑ ȏȈ șȖȊȍȚȖȔ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǩȘȈȝȔȍ, ȕȈ ȗȓȈȕȍȚț ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒț, ȕȍȗȖȌȊȓȈșȚȕțȦ ȚȘȍȔ ȋțȕȈȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǰȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȚȐȝȈ ȧȊșȚȊțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȈ, ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈ: ȋțȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ ȕȍ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȦȚ ȕȈ ȕȍȍ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ (ȈȗȈȊȘȐȚȈȔ) . ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 ȈȊȈȘȚȈȔȈȕȍ ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȍ șȚȝȐȚȖ 'ȓȈȉȌȝȈ-ȒȠȈȕȈȝ ȒȠȈȕȈȔ ȚȈȌ-ȈȕȚȈ ȈȌȑȈȔ ȈȕȈȔȑȈ șȊȈȉȝȐȗȘȈȑȈȔ ȕȑȈȊȍȌȈȑȈȚ ȈȊȈȘȚȈȔȈȕȍ — ț ȏȈȕȧȚȖȋȖ; ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȍ — șȓțȠȈȕȐȍȔ ȗȍșȍȕ ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȖȊ; șȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȑșȧ; ȈȓȈȉȌȝȈ-ȒȠȈȕȈȝ — ȕȍ ȗȖȓțȟȐȊȠȐȑ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȍȓȧ ȈțȌȐȍȕȞȐȐ; ȒȠȈȕȈȔ — ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȐȧ; ȚȈȚ-ȈȕȚȍ — Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ; ȈȌȑȈȔ — ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȕȈșȚȈȊȕȐȒț ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; ȈȕȈȔȑȈ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȊȠȐșȤ; șȊȈ-ȈȉȝȐȗȘȈȑȈȔ — șȊȖȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ; ȕȑȈȊȍȌȈȑȈȚ — ȊȣșȒȈȏȈȓ (DzȈȒțȌȔȐ). DzȈȒțȌȔȐ ȗȘȐȉȣȓ ȒȈȒ ȘȈȏ Ȋ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ șȓțȠȈȓ ȗȍȕȐȍ ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȖȊ Ȑ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȉȍșȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ș ȋȖșȚȍȔ. ǾȈȘȤ ȗȖȌȖȎȌȈȓ, ȗȖȒȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȌȖșȓțȠȈȍȚ ȗȍȊȞȖȊ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔ, ȊȣȘȈȏȐȊ ȍȔț ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ, ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ Ȗ șȊȖȍȔ ȏȈȊȍȚȕȖȔ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 31 ȚȈȟ ȟȝȘțȚȊȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȗȘȈȝȈșȑȈ ȚȈȔ țȊȈȟȈ ȝȈ ȈȝȖ ȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȕȐȘțȌȌȝȈș Țȍ ȒȈȓȍȕȈ ȝȘȐȌȐ ȑȍ ȒȘȐȚȈȝ

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46 ȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖ; ȠȘțȚȊȈ — ȊȣșȓțȠȈȊ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȍȑȠȐȑ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ; ȗȘȈȝȈșȑȈ — ȏȈșȔȍȧȊȠȐșȤ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȔț (ȞȈȘȦ DzȈȒțȌȔȐ); țȊȈȟȈ ȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȝȖ — țȊȣ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; ȕȐȘțȌȌȝȈȝ — țȕȍșȍȕȣ; Țȍ — Țȍ; ȒȈȓȍȕȈ — ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ; ȝȘȐȌȐ — Ȋ ȋȓțȉȐȕȍ șȍȘȌȞȈ; ȑȍ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ; ȒȘȐȚȈȝ — Țȍ, ȟȚȖ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȗȘȍȚȍȕȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȘȖȓȤ ȚȊȖȍȋȖ ȏȧȚȧ. ǪȣșȓțȠȈȊ ȍȋȖ, ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȣȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȋȘȖȔȒȖ ȘȈșșȔȍȧȓșȧ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ DzȈȒțȌȔȐ: «Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, Ȋșȍ, ȒȖȋȖ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȐȕȍ șȍȘȌȞȈ Țȣ ȕȈȔȍȚȐȓ șȍȉȍ Ȋ ȏȧȚȤȧ, țȎȍ ȒȈȕțȓȐ Ȋ ȓȍȚț». ǺǭDzǹǺ 32 ȚȈȚ ȗțȚȘȈ-ȗȈțȚȘȈ-ȕȈȗȚȘȐȐȕȈȔ ȋȖȚȘȈȕȐ ȟȈ ȕȈ ȠȘȐȕȔȈȝȍ ȒȈȓȖ 'ȉȝȐȑȈȚȈș ȚȘȐ-ȕȈȊȈ ȟȈȚțȘ-ȑțȋȈ-ȊȐȒȈȓȗȐȚȈȝ ȚȈȚ — ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȗțȚȘȈ — șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; ȗȈțȚȘȈ — ȊȕțȒȖȊ; ȕȈȗȚȘȐȐȕȈȔ — ȗȓȍȔȧȕȕȐȒȖȊ; ȋȖȚȘȈȕȐ — Ȗȉ ȥȚȐȝ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȧȝ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȠȘȐȕȔȈȝȍ — șȓȣȠȐȔ; ȒȈȓȈȝ — ȊȘȍȔȧ; ȈȉȝȐȑȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖȠȍȌȠȍȍ; ȚȘȐ — ȗȖ ȚȘȐ; ȕȈȊȈ — ȌȍȊȧȚȤ; ȟȈȚțȘ-ȑțȋȈ — ȟȍȚȣȘȤȔȧ ȦȋȈȔȐ (ǹȈȚȤȧ, ǺȘȍȚȈ, ǬȊȈȗȈȘȈ Ȑ DzȈȓȐ); ȊȐȒȈȓȗȐȚȈȝ — ȐșȟȐșȓȧȍȔȖȍ. ǷȘȖȠȓȖ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ șȍȔȤ ȟȈȚțȘ-Ȧȋ. ǰ Țȍ, ȒȖȋȖ Țȣ ȏȕȈȓ, ȌȈȊȕȖ țșȗȍȓȐ țȑȚȐ. ǻȠȓȐ Ȑȝ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ, ȊȕțȒȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȐ. ǬȈȎȍ Ȑȝ ȐȔȍȕȈ ȕȍȊȍȌȖȔȣ Țȍȉȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǯȈ ȖȌȐȕ ȌȍȕȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ șȔȍȕȧȍȚșȧ ȟȍȚȣȘȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ǴȈȕț Ȑ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȚ ȚȣșȧȟȈ ȔȈȝȈ-Ȧȋ (ȐȓȐ ȟȈȚțȘ-Ȧȋ ). ǩȘȈȝȔȈ șȖȖȉȡȐȓ ȞȈȘȦ DzȈȒțȌȔȐ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȠȓȖ țȎȍ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ șȍȔȤ ȔȈȝȈ-Ȧȋ, ȒȈȎȌȈȧ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȑȏ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȗȍȘȐȖȌȖȊ: ǹȈȚȤȐ, ǺȘȍȚȣ, ǬȊȈȗȈȘȣ Ȑ DzȈȓȐ. Ǫșȍ ȞȈȘȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȍșȧ Ȋ ȥȚȐ ȥȗȖȝȐ, țȠȓȐ Ȋ ȏȈȉȊȍȕȤȍ. ǺȈȒȖȊ ȝȖȌ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȐ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȚ ȚȘȐ ȜȈȏȣ: ȗȘȖȠȓȖȍ, ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȍ Ȑ ȉțȌțȡȍȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 33 ȚȈȌ ȋȈȟȟȝȈ ȌȍȊȈ-ȌȍȊȈȔȠȖ ȉȈȓȈȌȍȊȖ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȈȓȈȝ ȒȈȕȑȈ-ȘȈȚȕȈȔ ȐȌȈȔ ȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȕȈȘȈ-ȘȈȚȕȈȑȈ ȌȍȝȐ ȉȝȖȝ ȚȈȚ — ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȋȈȟȟȝȈ — ȗȖȑȌȐ; ȌȍȊȈ-ȌȍȊȈ-ȈȔȠȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȍȑ șȈȔȖȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȤȦ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǪȐȠȕț; ȉȈȓȈȌȍȊȈȝ — ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȈ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȈȓȈȝ — șȈȔȣȑ ȔȖȋțȟȐȑ; ȒȈȕȑȈ-ȘȈȚȕȈȔ — ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕțȦ ȌȖȟȤ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚț; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; ȕȈȘȈȘȈȚȕȈȑȈ — ȊȍȟȕȖ ȦȕȖȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȌȍȝȐ — ȖȚȌȈȑ (ȒȈȒ ȗȖȎȍȘȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ); ȉȝȖȝ — Ȗ (ȞȈȘȤ). Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, ȐȌȐ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐ ȘțȒț șȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȌȖ șȐȝ ȗȖȘ ȎȐȊȍȚ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȍ. Ƕȕ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȔȖȋțȟ. ǵȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ Ƕȕ — ȕȍ ȒȚȖ ȐȕȖȑ, ȒȈȒ ǹȈȔȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǪȐȠȕț. ǺȊȖȧ ȌȖȟȤ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȈ șȚȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȎȍȕȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 34 46


47 ȉȝțȊȖ ȉȝȈȘȈȊȈȚȈȘȈȑȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȉȝțȚȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȝ ȈȊȈȚȐȘȕȖ ȕȐȌȎȈȔȠȍȕȈ ȗțȕȑȈ-ȠȘȈȊȈȕȈ-ȒȐȘȚȈȕȈȝ ȉȝțȊȈȝ — ȔȐȘȈ; ȉȝȈȘȈ-ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈȑȈ — Ȍȓȧ țȔȍȕȤȠȍȕȐȧ ȉȘȍȔȍȕȐ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȉȝțȚȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȝ — ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȑ ȌȖȉȘȈ ȊșȍȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ; ȈȊȈȚȐȘȕȈȝ — ȕȐșȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȕȐȌȎȈ-ȈȔȠȍȕȈ — șȖ ȊșȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ǭȔț ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ Ȑ ȟȚȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǭȋȖ ȟȈșȚȤȦ; ȗțȕȑȈ-ȠȘȈȊȈȕȈ-ȒȐȘȚȈȕȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȧ ȖȟȐȡȈȦȡȐȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȗȍȕȐȍ Ȑ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȠȈȍȚ ȐȓȐ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȗ ǵȍȔ, șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȟȐșȚ șȍȘȌȞȍȔ. ǵȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȖ ȎȍȓȈȧ ȌȖȉȘȈ ȊșȍȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ, Ƕȕ ȕȐșȠȍȓ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ șȖ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤ ȔȐȘ Ȑ ȖȉȓȍȋȟȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȉȘȍȔȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 35 ȐȚȑ ȈȌȐȠȚȖ 'ȉȝȐȊȈȕȌȑȈȌȎȈȔ ȕȘȐȗȈȝ șȊȈ-ȗțȘȈȔ ȈȋȈȚȈȝ ȚȑȈȒȚȈȔ ȗțȕȑȈ-ȌȎȈȕȈ-ȚȘȈșȈȌ ȉȝȘȈȚȘȐȉȝȐȘ ȌȐȒȠȊ ȈȊȈșȚȝȐȚȈȐȝ ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȈȌȐȠȚȈȝ — ȗȖȓțȟȐȊȠȐȑ ȗȘȐȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ (ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ); ȈȉȝȐȊȈȕȌȑȈ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȊȠȐșȤ; ȈȌȎȈȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǩȘȈȝȔȍ; ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ; șȊȈȗțȘȈȔ — Ȋ șȊȖȑ ȌȖȔ; ȈȋȈȚȈȝ — ȊȍȘȕțȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȚȑȈȒȚȈȔ — ȗȖȒȐȕțȚȣȑ; ȗțȕȑȈ-ȌȎȈȕȈ — ȗȍȘȍȌ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ; ȚȘȈșȈȚ — ȖȚ șȚȘȈȝȈ; ȉȝȘȈȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ — ȉȘȈȚȤȧȔȐ; ȌȐȒȠț — Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȝ; ȈȊȈșȚȝȐȚȈȐȝ — țȠȍȌȠȐȔȐ. ǪȣșȓțȠȈȊ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȕȐȍ, DzȈȒțȌȔȐ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȓșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǩȘȈȝȔȍ Ȑ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ Ȓ șȍȉȍ ȌȖȔȖȑ. ǺȈȔ Ȗȕ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ ȗțșȚȈ. Ǫșȍ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȍ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȐ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓȐ ȌȖȔȈ Ȑ țȠȓȐ ȒȚȖ ȒțȌȈ Ȑȏ șȚȘȈȝȈ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȔȖȋțȟȐȔȐ ȧȒȠȈȔȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 36 șțȚȈȔ ȌȈȚȚȊȈȕȈȊȈȌȑȈȕȋȐȔ ȉȈȓȈȑȈ ȉȈȓȈ-ȠȈȓȐȕȍ ȉȈȌȈȘȑ-ȈȒȝȑȈȔ ȋȈȚȖ ȘȈȌȎȈ ȚȈȗȚțȔ ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ șțȚȈȔ — ȌȖȟȤ; ȌȈȚȚȊȈ — ȖȚȌȈȊ; ȈȕȈȊȈȌȑȈ-ȈȕȋȐȔ — Țț, ȟȤȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȉȍȏțȒȖȘȐȏȕȍȕȕȖ; ȉȈȓȈȑȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȍ; ȉȈȓȈ-ȠȈȓȐȕȍ — șȈȔȖȔț șȐȓȤȕȖȔț, ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȔț; ȉȈȌȈȘȐ-ȈȒȝȑȈȔ — Ȋ ǩȈȌȈȘȐȒȈȠȘȈȔ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘȤ; ȚȈȗȚțȔ — ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊț; ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ-ȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ — Ȋ ȈȠȘȈȔ ǵȈȘȣ Ȑ ǵȈȘȈȧȕȣ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ȞȈȘȤ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȓ șȊȖȦ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕțȦ ȌȖȟȤ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȔț ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȍ, Ȉ șȈȔ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȔȐȘ Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǩȈȌȈȘȐȒȈȠȘȈȔ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǵȈȘȍ- ǵȈȘȈȧȕȍ. 47


48 ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȚȘȍȚȤȍȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǬȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǹțȒȈȕȤȦ ȖȚȌȈȦȚ Ȋ Ȏȍȕȣ ȔțȌȘȍȞț ȟȤȧȊȈȕȍ».

Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɱɟɬɜɟɪɬɚɹ. Ʉɚɤ Ⱦɭɪɜɚɫɚ Ɇɭɧɢ ɨɫɤɨɪɛɢɥ Ɇɚɯɚɪɚɞɠɭ Ⱥɦɛɚɪɢɲɭ Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ, ȍȋȖ șȣȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȖȑ, Ȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ. ǻ ǴȈȕț ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ, șȣȕ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȓȍȚ ȗȘȖȊȍȓ Ȋ ȋțȘțȒțȓȍ . ǯȈ ȥȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ ȗȖȌȍȓȐȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ȔȍȎȌț șȖȉȖȑ, ȕȍ ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ ȍȔț ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȖȑ ȌȖȓȐ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, ȉȘȈȚȤȧ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȓȐ ȕȈșȓȍȌșȚȊȈ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓȐ ȍȔț ȖȚȞȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȓ ȖȚȞț Ȑ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ, ȒȈȒ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ ȖȉȖȠȓȐșȤ ș ȕȐȔ, ȚȖȚ ȕȈȏȊȈȓ ȥȚȖ ȖȉȔȈȕȖȔ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȔȖȋ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȚȤ șȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ, ȖȚȍȞ ȗȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ȍȔț ȗȖȑȚȐ ȚțȌȈ, ȋȌȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȖșȤ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȘȈșȒȘȣȚȤ ȎȘȍȞȈȔ ȌȊȍ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȚȈȔ ȕțȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȚȐ. ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȗȖșȚțȗȐȓ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȧȋȤȧ ȉȣȓȈ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȍȕȈ, ǨȕȋȐȘȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȖȚȌȈȓȐ ȍȔț Ȋșȍ ȌȍȕȤȋȐ, șȖȉȘȈȕȕȣȍ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ, ȎȍȓȈȧ ȗȘȖȊȍȘȐȚȤ ǵȈȉȝȈȋț, șȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȖșȗȖȘȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȈȊȖ ȕȈ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ, ȕȖ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ șȊȖȐȔ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍȔ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊț, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȀȐȊȈ șȈȔ ȖȚȌȈȓ ȍȔț Ȋșȍ șȖȒȘȖȊȐȡȈ. ǻ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ. ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȊșȍȔ ȔȐȘȖȔ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ Ȗȕ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȟȐȚȈȓ șȊȖȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ ȊȍȟȕȣȔ, ȉȖȓȍȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȏȕȈȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȉȓȈȋȈ ȊȍȌțȚ ȓȐȠȤ Ȓ ȗȈȌȍȕȐȦ Ȑ ȗȘȖȌȓȍȊȈȦȚ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȕȐȔ. Ǫșȍ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȑ țȔ Ȗȕ ȏȈȕȧȓ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ȅȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȦȒȚȈȊȈȑȘȈȋȤȍȑ, ȐȓȐ șȈȔȖȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȉȣȓ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ Ȑ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ ȕȍșȔȍȚȕȣȔȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ș ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȗȣȠȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ șȊȖȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ, ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ Ȏȍȕȍ, ȌȍȚȧȔ Ȑ ȞȈȘșȚȊț. Ƕȕ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȑ țȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȚȘȍȔȐȓșȧ ȌȈȎȍ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ, ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ țȎȍ Ȗ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȊȖ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȍ, șȖȉȓȦȌȈȧ ȖȉȍȚ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ . Ǫ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȕȈ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȑ ȌȍȕȤ ȗȖșȓȍ ȥȒȈȌȈȠȐ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ șȖȉȘȈȓșȧ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȍȘȊȈȚȤ ȗȖșȚ, ȒȈȒ Ȋ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȔ ȗȖȎȈȓȖȊȈȓ ȋȖșȚȤ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ, ȑȖȋ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ. ǾȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ǬțȘȊȈșț ǴțȕȐ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ ȍȔț ȖȚȖȉȍȌȈȚȤ Ȋ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȔȍ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȐȊȠȐșȤ, ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ȗȖȠȍȓ Ȓ ȇȔțȕȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȌȕȍȊȕȖȍ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȍ. ǺȈȔ Ȗȕ ȗȖȋȘțȏȐȓșȧ Ȋ șȈȔȈȌȝȐ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȌȖȓȋȖ ȕȍ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȓșȧ. ǾȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȊȐȌȧ, ȟȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȖșȚȈ ȊȖȚ-ȊȖȚ ȐșȚȍȟȍȚ, ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ șȖȊȍȚț țȟȍȕȣȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ Ȑ ȊȣȗȐȓ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȌȣ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȗȖșȚ. ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȓȖ, Ȑ șȚȘȈȠȕȖ ȘȈșșȍȘȌȐȓșȧ. ǪȍȘȕțȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȌȖȔ, Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ șțȘȖȊȖ ȖȚȟȐȚȣȊȈȚȤ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȍȔț ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓȖșȤ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ Ȑȏ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȖȓȖșȈ Ȗȕ șȖȚȊȖȘȐȓ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȋȖ ȌȍȔȖȕȈ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȋȖ 48


49 ȊșȍȗȖȎȐȘȈȦȡȍȔț ȖȋȕȦ. ǵȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȍȚ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǿȚȖȉȣ șȗȈșȚȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț, Ƕȕ ȗȖșȓȈȓ Ȓ ȔȍșȚț ȗȘȖȐșȠȍșȚȊȐȧ ǹȊȖȑ ȌȐșȒ, ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕț-ȟȈȒȘț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȓ ȖȋȕȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȌȍȔȖȕȈ Ȑ țșȚȘȍȔȐȓșȧ Ȓ ǬțȘȊȈșȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț. ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ȗȣȚȈȓșȧ șȒȘȣȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȍ, ȀȐȊȈȓȖȒȍ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ, ȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȕȍ șȔȖȋ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȋȕȍȊȈ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ-ȟȈȒȘȣ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ Ȗȕ ȌȖȉȘȈȓșȧ ȌȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ Ȑ ȗȘȐȗȈȓ Ȓ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǵȈȘȈȧȕȣ, ȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ șȔȖȋ ȗȘȖșȚȐȚȤ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ . ǿȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȗȘȖȡȍȕȐȍ ȏȈ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȋȘȍȝ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȚȤ Ȗ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ Ȗȕ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓ. ǰȕȖȋȖ șȗȖșȖȉȈ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǵȈȘȈȧȕȈ ȗȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ǬțȘȊȈșȍ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ Ȑ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȚȤ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȡȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȕȈȉȝȈȋȖ ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈȗȈȚȑȈȔ ȑȈȔ ȚȈȚȈȔ ȉȝȘȈȚȈȘȈȝ ȒȈȊȐȔ ȑȈȊȐȠȚȝȈȔ ȊȑȈȉȝȈȌȎȈȕ ȌȈȑȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȐȕȈȔ ȈȋȈȚȈȔ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈȝ — ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ; ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈȈȗȈȚȑȈȔ — șȣȕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ; ȑȈȔ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț; ȚȈȚȈȔ — ȖȚȞȈ; ȉȝȘȈȚȈȘȈȝ — (șȚȈȘȠȐȍ) ȉȘȈȚȤȧ; ȒȈȊȐȔ — țȟȍȕȖȔț; ȑȈȊȐȠȚȝȈȔ — ȔȓȈȌȠȍȔț; ȊȑȈȉȝȈȌȎȈȕ — ȊȣȌȍȓȐȓȐ; ȌȈȑȈȔ — (ȒȈȒ) ȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȖ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȐȕȈȔ — ȌȈȊȠȍȔț ȖȉȍȚ ȊșȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȉȣȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȐ (ȕȈȑȠȚȝȐȒȈ); ȈȋȈȚȈȔ — ȊȍȘȕțȊȠȍȔțșȧ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǹȣȕ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȖȑ, ȌȖȓȋȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȎȐȓ ț șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǭȋȖ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȘȍȠȐȓȐ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ Ȑ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȚȤ șȍȔȍȑȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǵȍ ȗȘȐȕȧȊ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȘȈșȟȍȚ, ȖȕȐ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȐȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȚȞȈ ȔȍȎȌț șȖȉȖȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ Ȑȏ ȌȖȔȈ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȋțȘț, ȉȘȈȚȤȧ șȒȈȏȈȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȓȧ ȕȈșȓȍȌșȚȊȈ — șȈȔ Ȑȝ ȖȚȍȞ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǭșȚȤ ȌȊȈ ȊȐȌȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȐ . ǶȌȕȐ, ȏȈȒȖȕȟȐȊ ȗȍȘȐȖȌ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, ȎȍȕȐȚȤșȧ Ȑ ȎȐȚȤ șȍȔȍȑȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ, Ȉ ȌȘțȋȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȉȘȐȝȈȌ-ȊȘȈȚȈȔȐ, ȌȈȦȚ ȖȉȍȚ ȗȖȎȐȏȕȍȕȕȖȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȤȐ . ǩȘȐȝȈȌ-ȊȘȈȚȈȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȐ ȕȍ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ Ȑȏ ȌȖȔȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǶȕȐ ȖșȚȈȦȚșȧ ȚȈȔ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔ șȘȈȏț ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ șȈȕȕȤȧșț . ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȌȖȓȋȖ ȕȍ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȓșȧ, ȍȋȖ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ ȗȖȌțȔȈȓȐ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ ȉȘȐȝȈȌ-ȊȘȈȚȈ-ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȐ, Ȑ ȕȍ ȊȣȌȍȓȐȓȐ ȍȔț ȌȖȓȦ ȕȈșȓȍȌșȚȊȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ Ȗȕ Ȋșȍ-ȚȈȒȐ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ, ȍȔț ȖȚȌȈȓȐ ȖȚȞȈ ȒȈȒ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȓȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȉȝȘȈȚȈȘȖ 'ȉȝȈȕȒȚȈ ȒȐȔ ȔȈȝȑȈȔ ȉȝȈȌȎȈȔȈ ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ ȚȈȊȈ ȚȊȈȔ ȔȈȔȈȘȑȈș ȚȈȚȈȉȝȈȕȒȠțȘ ȔȈ ȗțȚȘȈȒȈ ȚȈȌ ȈȌȘȐȚȝȈȝ ȉȝȘȈȚȈȘȈȝ — Ȗ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ; ȈȉȝȈȕȒȚȈ — ȊȣȌȍȓȐȓȐ (ȒȈȒ ȟȈșȚȤ ȖȚȞȖȊșȒȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȍȌșȚȊȈ); ȒȐȔ — ȟȚȖ; ȔȈȝȑȈȔ — Ȕȕȍ; ȉȝȈȌȎȈȔȈ — (Ȕȣ) ȊȣȌȍȓȐȓȐ; ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ — ȖȚȞȈ; ȚȈȊȈ — ȚȊȖȦ (ȌȖȓȦ); ȚȊȈȔ — Țȍȉȧ; ȔȈȔȈ — ȔȖȐ; ȈȘȑȈȝ — șȚȈȘȠȐȍ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ; ȚȈȚȈ — Ȗ ȖȚȍȞ; 49


50 ȈȉȝȈȕȒȠțȝ — ȊȣȌȍȓȐȓȐ ȒȈȒ ȌȖȓȦ; ȔȈ — ȕȍ; ȗțȚȘȈȒȈ — Ȗ ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ șȣȕ; ȚȈȚ — ȚȍȔ (șȓȖȊȈȔ); ȈȌȘȐȚȝȈȝ — ȗȘȐȌȈȊȈȑ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ. ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ șȗȘȖșȐȓ: «ǬȖȘȖȋȐȍ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ, ȒȈȒțȦ ȟȈșȚȤ ȊȓȈȌȍȕȐȑ ȖȚȞȈ Ȋȣ Ȕȕȍ ȖȚȊȍȓȐ?» ǹȚȈȘȠȐȍ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓȐ: «Ǫ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȚȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȓȐ Ȕȣ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓȐ Țȍȉȍ șȈȔȖȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ». ǺȖȋȌȈ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȓ ȖȚȞț Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǬȖȘȖȋȖȑ ȖȚȍȞ, ȔȖȐ șȚȈȘȠȐȍ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ ȖȚȌȈȓȐ Ȕȕȍ Țȍȉȧ ȒȈȒ ȔȖȦ ȌȖȓȦ ȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȈ». ǵȈ ȟȚȖ ȖȚȍȞ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ: «ǹȣȕ ȔȖȑ, ȕȍ ȊȍȘȤ Ȑȝ ȓȎȐȊȣȔ șȓȖȊȈȔ. ȇ ȕȍ ȔȖȋț ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚȤ Țȍȉȍ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȐȔȍ ȈȕȋȐȘȈșȈȝ șȈȚȘȈȔ ȈșȈȚȍ 'ȌȑȈ șțȔȍȌȝȈșȈȝ ȠȈȠȚȝȈȔ ȠȈȠȚȝȈȔ țȗȍȚȑȈȝȈȝ ȒȈȊȍ ȔțȝȑȈȕȚȐ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ ȐȔȍ — ȥȚȐ; ȈȕȋȐȘȈșȈȝ — ȕȈșȓȍȌȕȐȒȐ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ; șȈȚȘȈȔ — ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ; ȈșȈȚȍ — șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ; ȈȌȑȈ — șȍȋȖȌȕȧ; șțȔȍȌȝȈșȈȝ — ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ; ȠȈȠȚȝȈȔ — ȠȍșȚȖȑ; ȠȈȠȚȝȈȔ — ȠȍșȚȖȑ; țȗȍȚȑȈ — ȌȖșȚȐȋȕțȊ; ȈȝȈȝ — ȌȍȕȤ; ȒȈȊȍ — Ȗ șȈȔȣȑ țȟȍȕȣȑ; ȔțȝȑȈȕȚȐ — ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ Ȋ ȏȈȔȍȠȈȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ — Ȋ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȖȚȍȞ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ șȖȉȐȘȈȦȚșȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ. ǵȖ, ȝȖȚȧ ȖȕȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ țȔȕȣ, ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȠȍșȚȖȑ ȌȍȕȤ, ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȧ ȍȎȍȌȕȍȊȕȣȍ ȘȐȚțȈȓȣ, ȖȕȐ ȉțȌțȚ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚȤ Ȋ ȏȈȔȍȠȈȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȌȖȗțșȒȈȚȤ ȖȠȐȉȒȐ». DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȉȣȓ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȘȖșȚȖȌțȠȍȕ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȗȖȠȍȓ ȗȘȧȔȖ Ȓ ȖȚȞț, Ȑ ȖȚȍȞ Ȑȏ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȓ șȣȕț ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ȍȔț, ȒȈȒ Ȗȕ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖȉȣȚȤ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈ Ȓ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȦ: Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȖȑȚȐ Ȓ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȔ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ Ȑ, ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȊȠȐșȤ Ȑȝ țȗțȡȍȕȐȧȔȐ Ȋ ȧȋȤȍ, ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȚȤ ȐȔ șȊȖȐ țșȓțȋȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 4 - 5 ȚȈȔș ȚȊȈȔ ȠȈȔșȈȑȈ șțȒȚȍ ȌȊȍ ȊȈȐȠȊȈȌȍȊȍ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ Țȍ șȊȈȘ ȑȈȕȚȖ ȌȝȈȕȈȔ șȈȚȘȈ ȗȈȘȐȠȍȠȐȚȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȌȈșȑȈȕȚȐ Țȍ 'ȚȝȈ ȚȈȕ ȈȘȟȟȝȈ ȚȈȚȝȈ șȈ ȒȘȐȚȈȊȈȕ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȚȈșȔȈȐ ȌȈȚȚȊȈ ȑȈȑțȝ șȊȈȘȋȈȔ Țȍ șȈȚȘȈ-ȗȈȘȐȠȍȠȈȕȈȔ ȚȈȕ — ȐȔ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; ȠȈȔșȈȑȈ — ȗȘȖȌȍȒȓȈȔȐȘțȑ; șțȒȚȍ — ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȋȐȔȕȣ; ȌȊȍ — ȌȊȈ; ȊȈȐȠȊȈȌȍȊȍ — ȐȔȍȦȡȐȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ǪȐȠȊȈȌȍȊȍ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȌțȠȐ; Țȍ — ȖȕȐ; șȊȈȝ ȑȈȕȚȈȝ — țȌȈȓȐȊȠȐȍșȧ Ȋ șȊȖȐ (ȖȉȐȚȍȓȐ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ); ȌȝȈȕȈȔ — șȖȒȘȖȊȐȡȈ; șȈȚȘȈ-ȗȈȘȐȠȍȠȐȚȈȔ — ȖșȚȈȊȠȍȍșȧ ȗȖșȓȍ ȖȒȖȕȟȈȕȐȧ ȧȋȤȐ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — șȊȖȐ; ȌȈșȑȈȕȚȐ — ȖȚȌȈȌțȚ; Țȍ — Țȍȉȍ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȚȈȕ — Ȓ ȕȐȔ; ȈȘȟȟȝȈ — ȐȌȐ; ȚȈȚȝȈ — ȚȈȒ (ȗȖ ȗȘȐȒȈȏȈȕȐȦ 50


51 ȖȚȞȈ); șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ); ȒȘȐȚȈȊȈȕ — ȗȖșȚțȗȈȦȡȐȑ; ȑȈȚȝȈ — ȒȈȒ (șȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ȍȔț ȖȚȍȞ); ȚȈșȔȈȐ — ȍȔț; ȌȈȚȚȊȈ — ȌȈȊ; ȑȈȑțȝ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓȐșȤ; șȊȈȘȋȈȔ — ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ; Țȍ — ȖȕȐ; șȈȚȘȈ-ȗȈȘȐȠȍȠȈȕȈȔ — ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖșȚȈȓȖșȤ ȗȖșȓȍ ȧȋȤȐ . ǶȚȍȞ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: «ǷȖȑȌȐ Ȓ ȥȚȐȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔ Ȑ ȗȘȖȗȖȑ ȐȔ ȌȊȈ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȋȐȔȕȈ, ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȝ ǪȈȑȠȊȈȌȍȊȍ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȏȈȒȖȕȟȈȚ ȧȋȤȦ Ȑ ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȧȚșȧ ȊȖȏȕȍșȚȐșȤ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, ȖȕȐ ȖȚȌȈȌțȚ Țȍȉȍ ȖșȚȈȚȖȒ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊ, șȖȉȘȈȕȕȣȝ ȕȈ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ. ǰȌȐ ȚțȌȈ ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ». ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ Ȋ ȚȖȟȕȖșȚȐ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓ șȖȊȍȚ ȖȚȞȈ, Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ Ȑȏ ȘȖȌȈ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ, ȗȍȘȍȌ ȚȍȔ ȒȈȒ țȑȚȐ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, ȖȚȌȈȓȐ ȍȔț Ȋșȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 ȚȈȔ ȒȈȠȟȐȚ șȊȐȒȈȘȐȠȑȈȕȚȈȔ ȗțȘțȠȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ țȊȈȟȖȚȚȈȘȈȚȖ 'ȉȝȑȍȚȑȈ ȔȈȔȍȌȈȔ ȊȈșȚțȒȈȔ ȊȈșț ȚȈȔ — ȍȔț (ǵȈȉȝȈȋȍ); ȒȈȠȟȐȚ — ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȚȖ; șȊȐȒȈȘȐȠȑȈȕȚȈȔ — ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȡȍȔț (șȖȒȘȖȊȐȡȈ ȖȚ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ); ȗțȘțȠȈȝ — ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ — șȔțȋȓȖȓȐȒȐȑ; țȊȈȟȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; țȚȚȈȘȈȚȈȝ — ș șȍȊȍȘȈ; ȈȉȝȑȍȚȑȈ — ȗȘȐȌȧ; ȔȈȔȈ — ȔȖȍ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȊȈșȚțȒȈȔ — ȖșȚȈȊȠȍȍșȧ ȖȚ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȊȈșț — ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȉȣȓȖ ȏȈȉȘȈȚȤ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ, ș șȍȊȍȘȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ șȔțȋȓȖȓȐȒȐȑ ȕȍȏȕȈȒȖȔȍȞ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «Ǫșȍ șȖȒȘȖȊȐȡȈ ȥȚȖȑ ȧȋȤȐ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚ Ȕȕȍ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȔȈȔȍȌȈȔ ȘȐȠȐȉȝȐȘ ȌȈȚȚȈȔ ȐȚȐ ȚȈȘȝȐ șȔȈ ȔȈȕȈȊȈȝ șȑȈȕ ȕȈț Țȍ ȗȐȚȈȘȐ ȗȘȈȠȕȈȝ ȗȘȐȠȚȈȊȈȕ ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȔȈȔȈ — ȔȖȍ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȘȐȠȐȉȝȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒȈȔȐ; ȌȈȚȚȈȔ — ȌȈȕȕȖȍ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȚȈȘȝȐ — ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; șȔȈ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȔȈȕȈȊȈȝ — ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ; șȑȈȚ — ȗțșȚȤ ȉțȌȍȚ; ȕȈț — ȕȈȠ; Țȍ — Ȓ ȚȊȖȍȔț; ȗȐȚȈȘȐ — ȖȚȞț; ȗȘȈȠȕȈȝ — ȊȖȗȘȖș; ȗȘȐȠȚȈȊȈȕ — ȏȈȌȈȊȠȐȑ; ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ — ȖȚȞț; ȑȈȚȝȈ — ȒȈȒ (ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖșȐȓȐ). ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ: «ǵȍȚ, Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ Ȕȕȍ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȖȚȌȈȓȐ Ȕȕȍ șȊȖȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ». ǪȣșȓțȠȈȊ ǵȈȉȝȈȋț, ȕȍȏȕȈȒȖȔȍȞ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǺȖȋȌȈ ȗȖȑȌȍȔ Ȓ ȚȊȖȍȔț ȖȚȞț, ȗțșȚȤ Ȗȕ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȐȚ ȕȈȠ șȗȖȘ». ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓșȧ Ȑ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȖȚȞȈ ȘȈșșțȌȐȚȤ Ȑȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-ȊȈșȚț-ȋȈȚȈȔ șȈȘȊȈȔ țȟȟȝȐȠȚȈȔ ȘȐȠȈȑȈȝ ȒȊȈȟȐȚ ȟȈȒȘțȘ ȝȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȔ ȘțȌȘȈȑȈ șȈ ȌȍȊȈȝ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȈȘȝȈȚȐ 51


52 ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-ȊȈșȚț-ȋȈȚȈȔ — ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȕȖ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț ȕȈ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȈȘȍȕȍ; șȈȘȊȈȔ — Ȋșȍ; țȟȟȝȐȠȚȈȔ — ȖșȚȈȊȠȍȍșȧ; ȘȐȠȈȑȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; ȒȊȈȟȐȚ — ȒȈȒ-ȚȖ ȘȈȏ, ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǬȈȒȠȈ-ȧȋȤȐ; ȟȈȒȘțȝ — ȊȣȌȍȓȐȓȐ; ȝȐ — ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȔ — Ȋ ȌȖȓȦ; ȘțȌȘȈȑȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ; șȈȝ — ȚȖȚ; ȌȍȊȈȝ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋ; șȈȘȊȈȔ — Ȋșȍ; ȈȘȝȈȚȐ — ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȍȚ. ǶȚȍȞ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «Ǫșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȗȖȎȍȘȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ ȕȈ ȈȓȚȈȘȤ ǬȈȒȠȈȧȋȤȐ, ȉȣȓȖ ȖȚȌȈȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ. ǯȕȈȟȐȚ, ȓȍȎȈȡȐȍ ȚȈȔ ȌȈȘȣ Ȑ Ȋ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚ ȍȔț». ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈș ȚȈȔ ȗȘȈȕȈȔȑȈȝȈ ȚȈȊȍȠȈ ȒȐȓȈ ȊȈșȚțȒȈȔ ȐȚȑ ȈȝȈ Ȕȍ ȗȐȚȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȟȝȐȘȈșȈ ȚȊȈȔ ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȑȍ ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈȝ — ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȔț (ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ); ȗȘȈȕȈȔȑȈ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȊȠȐșȤ; ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȚȈȊȈ — ȚȊȖȍ; ȐȠȈ — Ȗ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ; ȒȐȓȈ — ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ; ȊȈșȚțȒȈȔ — Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȕȈ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȈȘȍȕȍ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; Ȕȍ — ȔȖȑ; ȗȐȚȈ — ȖȚȍȞ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ — Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȠȐȘȈșȈ — ȋȖȓȖȊȖȑ (șȒȓȖȕȧșȤ); ȚȊȈȔ — Țȍȉȧ; ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȑȍ — ȔȖȓȦ Ȗ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ. ǺȖȋȌȈ, ȊȣȘȈȏȐȊ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ, ǵȈȉȝȈȋȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «Ƕ ȌȖșȚȖȟȚȐȔȣȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ, Ȋșȍ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȔ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȈȓȚȈȘȍ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ Țȍȉȍ. ǺȈȒȖȊȖ ȔȕȍȕȐȍ ȔȖȍȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ ȧ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȚȖȉȖȑ Ȑ ȗȘȖȠț ȚȊȖȍȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȑȈȚ Țȍ ȗȐȚȈȊȈȌȈȌ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȔ ȚȊȈȔ ȟȈ șȈȚȑȈȔ ȗȘȈȉȝȈȠȈșȍ ȌȈȌȈȔȐ Țȍ ȔȈȕȚȘȈ-ȌȘȐȠȖ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ șȈȕȈȚȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ; Țȍ — Țȍȉȍ; ȗȐȚȈ — ȖȚȍȞ; ȈȊȈȌȈȚ — ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈȔ — ȐșȚȐȕț; ȚȊȈȔ ȟȈ — Țȣ ȚȖȎȍ; șȈȚȑȈȔ — ȗȘȈȊȌț; ȗȘȈȉȝȈȠȈșȍ — ȋȖȊȖȘȐȠȤ; ȌȈȌȈȔȐ — ȌȈȦ; Țȍ — Țȍȉȍ; ȔȈȕȚȘȈ-ȌȘȐȠȈȝ — ȏȕȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȚȈȑȕț ȔȈȕȚȘȣ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ — ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ; șȈȕȈȚȈȕȈȔ — ȊȍȟȕȖȍ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ: «Ǫșȍ șȒȈȏȈȕȕȖȍ ȚȊȖȐȔ ȖȚȞȖȔ — ȗȘȈȊȌȈ, Ȑ Țȣ ȚȖȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȠȤ ȗȘȈȊȌț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȧ, ȏȕȈȚȖȒ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ, ȖȚȒȘȖȦ Țȍȉȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȋȘȐȝȈȕȈ ȌȘȈȊȐȕȈȔ ȌȈȚȚȈȔ ȔȈȚ-șȈȚȘȈ-ȗȈȘȐȠȍȠȐȚȈȔ ȐȚȑ țȒȚȊȈȕȚȈȘȝȐȚȖ ȘțȌȘȖ 52


53 ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȈȚșȈȓȈȝ ȋȘȐȝȈȕȈ — ȗȘȐȔȐ Ȏȍ; ȌȘȈȊȐȕȈȔ — ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ; ȌȈȚȚȈȔ — ȌȈȕȕȖȍ (Țȍȉȍ ȔȕȖȑ); ȔȈȚșȈȚȘȈ-ȗȈȘȐȠȍȠȐȚȈȔ — ȖșȚȈȊȠȍȍșȧ ȖȚ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȚ ȔȖȍȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ; ȐȚȐ țȒȚȊȈ — șȒȈȏȈȊ ȚȈȒ; ȈȕȚȈȘȝȐȚȈȝ — ȐșȟȍȏȕțȊȠȐȑ; ȘțȌȘȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — șȈȔȣȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȈȚșȈȓȈȝ — șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȑ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: «ǺȍȗȍȘȤ Țȣ ȔȖȎȍȠȤ ȊȏȧȚȤ Ȋșȍ șȖȒȘȖȊȐȡȈ, ȖșȚȈȊȠȐȍșȧ ȗȖșȓȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, ȧ ȌȈȘȦ Ȑȝ Țȍȉȍ». ǹȒȈȏȈȊ ȥȚȖ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ, șȚȘȖȋȖ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȑ ȊșȍȔ ȏȈȗȖȊȍȌȧȔ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ, Ȑșȟȍȏ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȑȈ ȥȚȈȚ șȈȔșȔȈȘȍȚ ȗȘȈȚȈȝ șȈȑȈȔ ȟȈ șțșȈȔȈȝȐȚȈȝ ȒȈȊȐȘ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȐ ȔȈȕȚȘȈ-ȌȎȕȖ ȋȈȚȐȔ ȟȈȐȊȈ ȚȈȚȝȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖ; șȈȔșȔȈȘȍȚ — ȊșȗȖȔȕȐȚ; ȗȘȈȚȈȝ — țȚȘȖȔ; șȈȑȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȊȍȟȍȘȖȔ; șțșȈȔȈȝȐȚȈȝ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ; ȒȈȊȐȝ — țȟȍȕȣȑ; ȉȝȈȊȈȚȐ — șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ; ȔȈȕȚȘȈ-ȌȎȕȈȝ — ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖ ȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ Ȋșȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ; ȋȈȚȐȔ — ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȥȊȈ — ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ; ȚȈȚȝȈ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — ȚȈȒȖȍ, ȒȈȒ ț ȗȖșȚȐȋȠȍȑ șȍȉȧ ȌțȠȐ. DzȚȖ țȚȘȖȔ Ȑ ȊȍȟȍȘȖȔ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȓțȠȈȍȚ, ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȍȚ ȐȓȐ ȊșȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȚ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ, ȚȖȚ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȖȉȘȍȚȍȚ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ ȗȖȑȔȍȚ șȔȣșȓ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ Ȑ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȗȖșȚȐȋȕȍȚ șȊȖȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈȌ ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȖ 'ȉȝțȕ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ ȒȘȐȚȐ ȕȈșȗȘȐȠȈȌ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȠȈȗȖ 'ȗȐ ȑȈȔ ȕȈ ȗȘȈȚȐȝȈȚȈȝ ȒȊȈȟȐȚ ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈȚ — ȖȚ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ; ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȝ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ — șȈȔȣȑ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ; ȒȘȐȚȐ — ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȕȈ ȈșȗȘȐȠȈȚ — ȕȍ ȒȖșȕțȓȖșȤ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ- ȠȈȗȈȝ ȈȗȐ — ȌȈȎȍ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȑȈȔ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț); ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȗȘȈȚȐȝȈȚȈȝ — ȖȠȐȉȈȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȒȊȈȟȐȚ — ȒȖȋȌȈ-ȓȐȉȖ. ǻ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ Ȑ șȓȈȊȐȓșȧ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȧȔȐ. ǽȖȚȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚ ȕȍȗȖȉȍȌȐȔȣȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ ȕȍ ȒȖșȕțȓȖșȤ ȍȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȠȘȐ-ȘȈȌȎȖȊȈȟȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȟȝȘȖȚțȔ ȐȟȟȝȈȔȐ 53


54 ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȍș ȚȈșȑȈ ȌȝȐȔȈȚȈȝ ȕȈ ȗȘȈȉȝțȌ ȑȈȚȘȈ ȕȐȘȔțȒȚȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȌȈȕȌȖ ȌțȘȈȚȑȈȑȈȝ ȠȘȐ-ȘȈȌȎȈ țȊȈȟȈ — ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — Ȗ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȠȘȖȚțȔ ȐȟȟȝȈȔȐ — ȎȍȓȈȦ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ (ȖȚ Țȍȉȧ); ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȍȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȚȖȋȖ; ȌȝȐȔȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȕȖ ȊȓȈȌȍȊȠȍȋȖ șȖȉȖȑ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȗȘȈȉȝțȚ — ȗȖȌȍȑșȚȊȖȊȈȓȖ; ȑȈȚȘȈ — ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț); ȕȐȘȔțȒȚȈȝ — ȐșȚȖȘȋȕțȚȖȍ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȌȈȕȌȈȝ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȌțȘȈȚȑȈȑȈȝ — ȕȍȖȌȖȓȐȔȖȍ. ǾȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ șȗȘȖșȐȓ: Ƕ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ! ǾȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȉȣȓ ȌțȠȖȑ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȖȑ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȑ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ. ȇ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȉȣ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ Ȗ ȕȍȔ. ǻȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȕȍȖȚȊȘȈȚȐȔȖ, ȕȐȒȈȒ ȕȍ ȒȖșȕțȓȖșȤ ȍȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 15 - 16 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȖ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȝ șȈȗȚȈ-ȌȊȐȗȈȊȈȚȐȔ ȔȈȝȐȔ ȈȊȑȈȑȈȔ ȟȈ ȠȘȐȑȈȔ ȓȈȉȌȝȊȈ ȊȐȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȟȈȚțȓȈȔ ȉȝțȊȐ Ȕȍȕȍ 'ȚȐȌțȘȓȈȉȝȈȔ ȗțȔșȈȔ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȚȈȚ șȊȈȗȕȈ-șȈȔșȚțȚȈȔ ȊȐȌȊȈȕ ȊȐȉȝȈȊȈ-ȕȐȘȊȈȕȈȔ ȚȈȔȖ ȊȐȠȈȚȐ ȑȈȚ ȗțȔȈȕ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȝ — șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȍȑȠȐȑ (Ȑȏ ȞȈȘȍȑ); șȈȗȚȈ- ȌȊȐȗȈȊȈȚȐȔ — șȖșȚȖȧȡȐȑ Ȑȏ șȍȔȐ ȖșȚȘȖȊȖȊ; ȔȈȝȐȔ — ȔȐȘ; ȈȊȑȈȑȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȕȍțȊȧȌȈȍȔțȦ; ȠȘȐȑȈȔ — ȒȘȈșȖȚț; ȓȈȉȌȝȊȈ — ȖȉȘȍȚȧ; ȊȐȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ; ȈȚțȓȈȔ — ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȍ; ȉȝțȊȐ — ȕȈ ȏȍȔȓȍ; Ȕȍȕȍ — ȘȍȠȐȓ; ȈȚȐ-ȌțȘȓȈȉȝȈȔ — ȚȘțȌȕȖȌȖșȚȐȎȐȔȖȍ; ȗțȔșȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ ȓȦȌȍȑ; șȈȘȊȈȔ — Ȋșȍ (ȟȍȋȖ Ȗȕ ȌȖșȚȐȋ); ȚȈȚ — ȚȖ; șȊȈȗȕȈ-șȈȔșȚțȚȈȔ — ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ șȕț; ȊȐȌȊȈȕ — ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȦȡȐȑ; ȊȐȉȝȈȊȈ-ȕȐȘȊȈȕȈȔ — țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ; ȚȈȔȈȝ — Ȋ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ; ȊȐȠȈȚȐ — ȊȗȈȌȈȍȚ; ȑȈȚ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȗțȔȈȕ — ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȍȑȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȊȓȈșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȕȈȌ ȊșȍȔ ȔȐȘȖȔ, șȖșȚȖȧȡȐȔ Ȑȏ șȍȔȐ ȖșȚȘȖȊȖȊ. Ƕȕ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ ȕȍșȔȍȚȕȣȔȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ȎȐȓ Ȋ ȘȖșȒȖȠȐ. ǸȍȌȒȖ ȒȚȖ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȊȣșȖȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ, ȕȖ ȞȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȕȍȔț, ȐȉȖ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȓ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ ȗȘȍȝȖȌȧȡȐ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȜȍȔȍȘȕȖȔț șȕț, ȖȕȐ Ȋ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȔȐȋ ȔȖȋțȚ ȐșȟȍȏȕțȚȤ. ǾȈȘȤ ȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȧ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ, Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȗȖȋȘțȎȈȍȚșȧ ȊȖ ȚȤȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǭȓȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȈ, Ȉ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȕȐ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȋȖ ȏȈȒȈȉȈȓȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǬȍȓȖ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ: Ȋșȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ 54


55 ȗȘȍȝȖȌȧȡȍ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ ȏȈ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȖȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ, ȊȐȌȧ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ șȔȣșȓ șȊȖȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȏȈȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȗ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȗȖȔȍȝȖȑ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ ȚȈȌ-ȉȝȈȒȚȍȠț ȟȈ șȈȌȝțȠț ȗȘȈȗȚȖ ȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȊȐȠȊȈȔ ȑȍȕȍȌȈȔ ȓȖȠȚȘȈȊȈȚ șȔȘȐȚȈȔ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ — Ȋ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȘȖȕȐȏȣȊȈȦȡȍȑ ǹȖȉȖȑ Ȋșȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ — Ȋ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȚȈȚ-ȉȝȈȒȚȍȠț — șȘȍȌȐ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; șȈȌȝțȠț — șȘȍȌȐ șȊȧȚȣȝ; ȗȘȈȗȚȈȝ — ȖȉȘȍȚȠȐȑ; ȉȝȈȊȈȔ — ȉȓȈȋȖȋȖȊȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ; ȊȐȠȊȈȔ — Ȋșȧ (ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȈȧ); ȑȍȕȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ (ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ); ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȈ; ȓȖȠȚȘȈ-ȊȈȚ — ȒȈȒ ȉțȓȣȎȕȐȒ (șȚȖȓȤ Ȏȍ ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȈȧ); șȔȘȐȚȈȔ — ȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȔȈȧ (ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ). ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȉȣȓ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ, Ȑ șȊȧȚȣȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǩȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȋșȍ ȔȐȘȖȏȌȈȕȐȍ ȉȣȓȖ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȊȈȎȕȍȍ, ȟȍȔ ȒțșȖȒ ȒȈȔȕȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 18 - 20 șȈ ȊȈȐ ȔȈȕȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȗȈȌȈȘȈȊȐȕȌȈȑȖȘ ȊȈȟȈȔșȐ ȊȈȐȒțȕȚȝȈ-ȋțȕȈȕțȊȈȘȕȈȕȍ ȒȈȘȈț ȝȈȘȍȘ ȔȈȕȌȐȘȈ-ȔȈȘȌȎȈȕȈȌȐȠț ȠȘțȚȐȔ ȟȈȒȈȘȈȟȑțȚȈ-șȈȚ-ȒȈȚȝȖȌȈȑȍ ȔțȒțȕȌȈ-ȓȐȕȋȈȓȈȑȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȍ ȌȘȐȠȈț ȚȈȌ-ȉȝȘȐȚȑȈ-ȋȈȚȘȈ-șȗȈȘȠȍ 'ȕȋȈ-șȈȕȋȈȔȈȔ ȋȝȘȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈ-șȈȘȖȌȎȈ-șȈțȘȈȉȝȍ ȠȘȐȔȈȚ-ȚțȓȈșȑȈ ȘȈșȈȕȈȔ ȚȈȌ-ȈȘȗȐȚȍ ȗȈȌȈț ȝȈȘȍȝ ȒȠȍȚȘȈ-ȗȈȌȈȕțșȈȘȗȈȕȍ ȠȐȘȖ ȝȘȐȠȐȒȍȠȈ-ȗȈȌȈȉȝȐȊȈȕȌȈȕȍ ȒȈȔȈȔ ȟȈ ȌȈșȑȍ ȕȈ Țț ȒȈȔȈ-ȒȈȔȑȈȑȈ ȑȈȚȝȖȚȚȈȔȈȠȓȖȒȈ-ȌȎȈȕȈȠȘȈȑȈ ȘȈȚȐȝ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ); ȊȈȐ — ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ; ȔȈȕȈȝ — țȔ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈȗȈȌȈ-ȈȘȈȊȐȕȌȈȑȖȝ — ȕȈ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ (șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȓ); ȊȈȟȈȔșȐ — șȓȖȊȈ; ȊȈȐȒțȕȚȝȈ-ȋțȕȈ-ȈȕțȊȈȘȕȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȓȍȗȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ; ȒȈȘȈț — ȘțȒȐ; ȝȈȘȍȝ ȔȈȕȌȐȘȈ- ȔȈȘȌȎȈȕȈ-ȈȌȐȠț — Ȋ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȧȝ, ȒȈȒ țȉȖȘȒȈ ȝȘȈȔȈ ǽȈȘȐ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȠȘțȚȐȔ — țȝȖ; ȟȈȒȈȘȈ — ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓ; ȈȟȑțȚȈ — Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȕȍȗȖȋȘȍȠȐȔ; șȈȚ-ȒȈȚȝȈ-țȌȈȑȍ — Ȋ șȓțȠȈȕȐȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȖȊ; ȔțȒțȕȌȈ-ȓȐȕȋȈ-ȈȓȈȑȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȍ — Ȋ șȖȏȍȘȞȈȕȐȐ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȝȘȈȔȖȊ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȌȝȈȔ ǴțȒțȕȌȣ; ȌȘȐȠȈț — ȋȓȈȏȈ; ȚȈȚ-ȉȝȘȐȚȑȈ — ǭȋȖ șȓțȋ (șȓțȋ DzȘȐȠȕȣ); ȋȈȚȘȈ-șȗȈȘȠȍ — Ȋ ȖșȧȏȈȕȐȐ Țȍȓ; ȈȕȋȈ-șȈȕȋȈȔȈȔ — șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ șȖ (șȊȖȐȔ) ȚȍȓȖȔ; ȋȝȘȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȖȉȖȕȧȕȐȍ; ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈ — ǭȋȖ 55


56 ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ; șȈȘȖȌȎȈ — ȞȊȍȚȒȈ ȓȖȚȖșȈ; șȈțȘȈȉȝȍ — Ȋ (ȖȉȖȕȧȕȐȐ) ȈȘȖȔȈȚȈ; ȠȘȐȔȈȚ-ȚțȓȈșȑȈȝ — ȓȐșȚȐȒȖȊ ȚțȓȈșȐ; ȘȈșȈȕȈȔ — ȧȏȣȒ; ȚȈȚ- ȈȘȗȐȚȍ — Ȋ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȐȐ ȗȘȈșȈȌȈ, ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȗȈȌȈț — ȕȖȋȐ; ȝȈȘȍȝ — dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȒȠȍȚȘȈ — șȊȧȚȣȝ ȔȍșȚ, ȚȈȒȐȝ ȒȈȒ ȝȘȈȔȣ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ Ȑ ǬȊȈȘȈȒȐ; ȗȈȌȈ-ȈȕțșȈȘȗȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȗȖșȍȡȍȕȐȐ; ȠȐȘȈȝ — ȋȖȓȖȊț; ȝȘȐȠȐȒȍȠȈ — DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȊȓȈȌȣȒȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ; ȗȈȌȈȈȉȝȐȊȈȕȌȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȐ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ; ȒȈȔȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ; ȌȈșȑȍ — Ȋ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ șȓțȋȐ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; Țț — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȒȈȔȈ-ȒȈȔȑȈȑȈ — ș ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ țșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ; ȑȈȚȝȈ — ȒȈȒ; țȚȚȈȔȈȠȓȖȒȈ-ȌȎȈȕȈ-ȈȠȘȈȑȈ — ȕȈȠȍȌȠȈȧ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ ț ȚȈȒȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȒȈȒ ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌȈ; ȘȈȚȐȝ — ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌȍȘȎȈȓ șȊȖȑ țȔ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȣȔ ȕȈ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗȈȝ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȘȍȟȤ șȊȖȦ Ȗȕ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȓ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȘțȒȈȔȐ țȉȐȘȈȓ ȝȘȈȔ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȉ țȠȈȔȐ ȊȕȐȔȈȓ șȓȖȊȈȔ, șȒȈȏȈȕȕȣȔ DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ, ȐȓȐ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧȔ Ȗ ǵȍȔ. ǪȏȖȘ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȉȣȓ ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕ ȕȈ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȝȘȈȔȣ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȑ șȊȧȚȣȍ ȔȍșȚȈ, ȚȈȒȐȍ ȒȈȒ ǴȈȚȝțȘȈ Ȑ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕ, ȋȌȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȧȊȓȧȓ șȊȖȐ ȐȋȘȣ. ǿțȊșȚȊȖ ȖșȧȏȈȕȐȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȒȈșȈȓșȧ Ȓ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȖșȖȔ Ȗȕ ȊȌȣȝȈȓ ȈȘȖȔȈȚ ȗȖȌȕȍșȍȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȓȐșȚȤȍȊ ȚțȓȈșȐ, Ȉ ȧȏȣȒȖȔ ȖȡțȡȈȓ ȊȒțș ȗȘȈșȈȌȈ. ǵȖȋȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȍȡȈȚȤ ȔȍșȚȈ ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȝȘȈȔȣ, Ȉ ȋȖȓȖȊț — ȟȚȖȉȣ șȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. Ǫșȍ șȊȖȐ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ Ȗȕ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȕȈ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓșȧ ȌȍȕȤ Ȑ ȕȖȟȤ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȕȍ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. Ǫșȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȗȕ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ — ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȌȍȓȈȔȐ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȔȐ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǺȈȒȖȊ ȗțȚȤ, ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȦȡȐȑ țșȐȓȐȚȤ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (7.1) ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȔȈȑȑ ȈșȈȒȚȈ-ȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȈȘȚȝȈ ȑȖȋȈȔ ȑțȕȌȎȈȕ ȔȈȌ-ȈȠȘȈȑȈȝ . ȅȚȖ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȕțȎȕȖ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȓȐȉȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȓȐȉȖ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵȈțȒȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȉțȟȐȚȤșȧ șȈȔȖȔț, ȉȍȏ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȀȘȐȓȈ ǸțȗȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȕțȎȕȖ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȕȈțȟȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (7.1): ȈșȈȔȠȈȑȈȔ șȈȔȈȋȘȈȔ ȔȈȔ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȌȎȕȈșȑȈșȐ ȚȈȟ ȟȝȘȐȕț . ǰȕȣȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ, ȍșȓȐ ȒȚȖ-ȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȊ ȗȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ. ǽȘȐȠȐȒȍȕȈ ȝȘȐȠȐȒȍȠȈ-șȍȊȈȕȈȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȘ țȟȑȈȚȍ: ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ — ȏȕȈȟȐȚ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ȊȓȈșȚȍȓȐȕț ȟțȊșȚȊ, DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ǽȘȐȠȐȒȍȠȍȑ ȐȓȐ ǨȟȤȦȚȖȑ. ȅȚȐ ȐȔȍȕȈ țȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣ Ȋ ȌȈȕȕȣȝ șȚȐȝȈȝ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ»: ȈȟȑțȚȈ-șȈȚ-ȒȈȚȝȖȌȈȑȍ, ȝȘȐȠȐȒȍȠȈȗȈȌȈȉȝȐȊȈȕȌȈȕȍ . ǰȔȍȕȈ ǨȟȤȦȚȈ Ȑ ǽȘȐȠȐȒȍȠȈ ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȦȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ». «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȈ» — ȥȚȖ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȒȈȚȝȈ, ȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȈȧ Ȑȏ țșȚ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǰ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȚȖȎȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȒȈȚȝȖȑ, ȐȉȖ Ȋșȍ, Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȚȈȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȥȊȈȔ șȈȌȈ ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȒȈȓȈȗȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȈȘȍ 'ȌȝȐȑȈȌȎȕȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȑ ȈȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȍ șȈȘȊȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȊȐȌȈȌȝȈȕ ȔȈȝȐȔ ȐȔȈȔ 56


57 ȚȈȕ-ȕȐȠȚȝȈ-ȊȐȗȘȈȉȝȐȝȐȚȈȝ ȠȈȠȈșȈ ȝȈ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ (ȊȍȌȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ); șȈȌȈ — ȊșȍȋȌȈ; ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȒȈȓȈȗȈȔ — ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ ȞȈȘȦ- ȒȠȈȚȘȐȦ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — ȓȐȟȕȖ (ȒȈȒ ȋȓȈȊȈ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȈ); ȗȈȘȍ — ǪȣșȠȍȑ ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖșȚȐ; ȈȌȝȐȑȈȌȎȕȍ — ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȊȓȈȌȣȒȍ, ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȍȔțșȧ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȍ — ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȕȍȌȖșȧȋȈȍȔ Ȍȓȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȔ — Ȋșȍ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȐȍ ȊȐȌȖȊ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ; ȊȐȌȈȌȝȈȚ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȦȡȐȑ (ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȦȡȐȑ); ȔȈȝȐȔ — ȗȓȈȕȍȚț ǯȍȔȓȧ; ȐȔȈȔ — ȥȚț; ȚȈȚ- ȕȐȠȚȝȈ — ȕȍțȒȓȖȕȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȊȐȗȘȈ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ; ȈȉȝȐȝȐȚȈȝ — ȊȍȌȖȔȣȑ; ȠȈȠȈșȈ — ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȧȓ; ȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ. ǪȣȗȖȓȕȧȧ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ ȞȈȘȧ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȓ ȗȓȖȌȣ șȊȖȐȝ țșȐȓȐȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȊșȍȔ șțȡȐȔ Ȑ ȕȍȌȖșȚțȗȍȕ Ȍȓȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ Ȑ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ șȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓșȧ ș ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ, ȊșȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȍȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ǯȍȔȓȍȑ ȉȍȏ ȊșȧȒȐȝ ȏȈȚȘțȌȕȍȕȐȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (5.29) șȒȈȏȈȕȖ: ȉȝȖȒȚȈȘȈȔ ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-ȚȈȗȈșȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȓȖȒȈ-ȔȈȝȍȠȊȈȘȈȔ șțȝȘȐȌȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȚȊȈ ȔȈȔ ȠȈȕȚȐȔ ȘȐȟȟȝȈȚȐ dzȦȌȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȔȐȘ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. Ǫ ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȕȕȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ Ȑȏ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǹȈȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕțȎȕȖ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȉ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, Ȑ Ȋșȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȉțȌȤ ȚȖ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȈȧ, șȖȞȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ, ȒțȓȤȚțȘȕȈȧ, ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȈȧ, ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȐȓȐ ȓȦȉȈȧ ȌȘțȋȈȧ, ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȚȤ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ǭȔț. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȌȈȓ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ șȖȊȍȚ, Ȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȒȈȒ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȞȈȘȤ, ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȔȐȘȖȔ ȒȈȒ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊ, șȖȊȍȚțȧșȤ ș ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ- ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈȔȐ. Ǫ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȍȚ șȊȖȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȍȚ ǪȍȌȣ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȋțȘț, ȕȍ ȉțȌțȟȐ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ. ȠȈȚ-ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȕȐȗțȕȖ ȊȐȗȘȖ ȔȈȕȚȘȈ-ȚȈȕȚȘȈ-ȊȐȠȈȘȈȌȈȝ ȈȊȈȐȠȕȈȊȖ ȋțȘțȘ ȕȈ șȑȈȌ ȊȈȐȠȕȈȊȈȝ ȠȊȈ-ȗȈȟȖ ȋțȘțȝ ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, ȒȈȒ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ Ȋ șȚȐȝȍ, ȚȈȕ-ȕȐȠȚȝȈ-ȊȐȗȘȈȉȝȐȝȐȚȈȝ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ șȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓșȧ ș ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȉȣȓȐ ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȓ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȉȣȟȕȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȏȕȈȚȖȒȐ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚȈ ȐȓȐ ȌȈȎȍ ȖȗȣȚȕȣȍ ȎȘȍȞȣ, ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȌȈȚȤ ȞȍȕȕȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȚȈ. Ǫ ȕȈȠȐ ȌȕȐ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȍ ȏȈȒȖȕȖȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȧ, ȟȓȍȕȣ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȐȏȌȈȦȚ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ, ȗȘȐȏȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȐȚȤ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȍ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊ, ȕȖ, ȒȈȒ ȧȊșȚȊțȍȚ Ȑȏ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ, ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȖȔ ȐȓȐ ȔȐȘȖȔ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ 57


58 țȗȘȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȖȊȍȚȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ- ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ . ǺȈȒȐȍ șȖȊȍȚȕȐȒȐ, ȐȓȐ ȟȓȍȕȣ ȏȈȒȖȕȖȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȧ, ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȈȔȐ, Ȑ Ȑȝ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȊȣȉȐȘȈȚȤ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȐȏȉȐȘȈȚȍȓȐ. ǰȝ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȕȈȏȕȈȟȈȚȤ șȈȔ ȞȈȘȤ. ǭșȓȐ ȞȈȘȤ, ȗȘȈȊȧȡȐȑ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȖȔ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ, țȗȘȈȊȓȧȧ șȚȘȈȕȖȑ, șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȖȊȍȚȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ, Ȋșȍ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ șȚȘȈȕȍ ȉțȌțȚ ȎȐȚȤ ȔȐȘȕȖ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȕȖ. Ǫ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍ, ȋȌȍ ȞȈȘȤ Ȑ ȍȋȖ șȖȊȍȚȕȐȒȐ — ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȍȑ, ȊȣȏȊȈȕȕȣȝ ȕȍțȔȍȓȣȔ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ. Ǫșȍ ȋȘȈȎȌȈȕȍ Ȋ ȚȈȒȖȔ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍ ȚȖȎȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ șȚȈȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȓțȟȠȐȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȧȚșȧ Ȋ ȕȐȝ șȈȔȐ șȖȉȖȑ. ȑȈșȑȈșȚȐ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȘ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȑ ȈȒȐȕȟȈȕȈ șȈȘȊȈȐȘ ȋțȕȈȐș ȚȈȚȘȈ șȈȔȈșȈȚȍ șțȘȈȝ ȝȈȘȈȊ ȈȉȝȈȒȚȈșȑȈ ȒțȚȖ ȔȈȝȈȌ-ȋțȕȈ ȔȈȕȖȘȈȚȝȍȕȈșȈȚȐ ȌȝȈȊȈȚȖ ȉȈȝȐȝ «ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍȗȖȒȖȓȍȉȐȔȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȊșȍȔȐ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ. ǵȖ, ȍșȓȐ Ȋ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȍ ȕȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǺȈȒȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ șȊȖȍȋȖ țȔȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȉȓȍșȒ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȉțȌȍȚ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ» (ǩȝȈȋ., 5.18.12). ǷȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȞȈȘȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȍȋȖ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȍ șȈȔȐ șȚȈȕțȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȕțȎȕȖ ȉțȌȍȚ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȌȍȕȤ ȐȏȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȕȖȊȣȍ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȋ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȕȖȑ ȘȈȏ ȐȏȔȍȕȐȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȋ șȚȘȈȕȍ. ǭșȓȐ ȊȏȘȈȡȐȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ȓȦȌȧȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȖȕȐ șȈȔȐ șȖȉȖȑ șȚȈȕțȚ ȔȐȘȕȣȔȐ Ȑ ȟȍșȚȕȣȔȐ. ǰ ȍșȓȐ ȐȔȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȞȈȘȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȖȊȍȚȈȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȚȖ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȖ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȕȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȟȈșȚȤȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ: ȖȕȖ șȚȈȕȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚȤ ȔȐȘț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȕ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȘȐȔȍȘț ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȐȌȎȍ 'ȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈȐȘ ȈȌȝȐȑȈȌȎȕȈȔ ȐȠȊȈȘȈȔ ȔȈȝȈ-ȊȐȉȝțȚȑȖȗȈȟȐȚȈȕȋȈ-ȌȈȒȠȐȕȈȐȝ ȚȈȚȈȐȘ ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈșȐȚȈ-ȋȈțȚȈȔȈȌȐȉȝȐȘ ȌȝȈȕȊȈȕȑ ȈȉȝȐșȘȖȚȈȔ ȈșȈț șȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐȔ ȐȌȎȍ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ; ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈȐȝ — ȧȋȤȧȔȐ, ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȓȐ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț ȒȖȕȧ; ȈȌȝȐȑȈȌȎȕȈȔ — ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕț Ȋșȍȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ (ȟȚȖȉȣ țȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ǭȋȖ); ȐȠȊȈȘȈȔ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȊȐȉȝțȚȑȈ — ș ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȗȣȠȕȖșȚȤȦ; țȗȈȟȐȚȈ- ȈȕȋȈ-ȌȈȒȠȐȕȈȐȝ — șȖ ȊșȍȔȐ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȔȐ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȈȔȐ Ȑ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ș ȘȈȏȌȈȟȍȑ ȌȈȒȠȐȕȣ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ; ȚȈȚȈȐȝ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȊȠȐȔȐșȧ; ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈ-ȈșȐȚȈ-ȋȈțȚȈȔȈ-ȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ — ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ, ȒȈȒ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ, ǨșȐȚȈ Ȑ ǫȈțȚȈȔȈ; ȌȝȈȕȊȈȕȐ — Ȋ ȗțșȚȣȕȍ; ȈȉȝȐșȘȖȚȈȔ — ȏȈȚȖȗȓȍȕȕȖȑ (ȊȖȌȈȔȐ ȘȍȒȐ); ȈșȈț — ȚȖȚ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ); șȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐȔ — ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ. Ǫ ȗțșȚȣȕȕȣȝ șȚȘȈȕȈȝ, ȋȌȍ ȗȘȖȚȍȒȈȍȚ ȘȍȒȈ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ — ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈ-ȧȋȤȦ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ — Ȑ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȓ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȐ ȧȋȤȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȐșȤ ș ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȑ ȗȣȠȕȖșȚȤȦ, ț ȎȘȍȞȖȊ ȉȣȓȖ Ȋșȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȧȋȤȐ, Ȉ ȗȖ ȖȒȖȕȟȈȕȐȐ ȧȋȤȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȓȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȚȈȒȐȍ 58


59 ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, ȒȈȒ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ, ǨșȐȚȈ Ȑ ǫȈțȚȈȔȈ, ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȊȠȐȍ ȕȈ ȧȋȤȍ șȈȔȖȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ, ȗȖȓțȟȈȓȐ ȡȍȌȘȖȍ ȊȖȏȕȈȋȘȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȒ țȒȈȏȈȕȖ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ, Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȧȋȤȦ, ȕțȎȕȣ ȖȗȣȚȕȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȧȋȤȐȒȈ- ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ . Ǫ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț ȚȈȒȐȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȔȈȓȖ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȓȦȌȧȔ Ȋ ȕȈȠ ȊȍȒ ȠȈșȚȘȣ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȦȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȌȐȕ ȊȐȌ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ — șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȈ-ȧȋȤȦ (ȑȈȌȎȕȈȐȝ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȈ-ȗȘȈȑȈȐȘ ȑȈȌȎȈȕȚȐ ȝȐ șțȔȍȌȝȈșȈȝ) . ǪȔȍșȚȖ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȚȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȌȍȕȤȋȐ ȕȈ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȖȊȍșȚȐ Ȑȏ- ȏȈ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊȐȧ ȧȋȤȐȒȈ-ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȏȌȘȈȊȖȔȣșȓȧȡȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ țȟȈșȚȊțȦȚ Ȋ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȈ-ȧȋȤȍ . ǭșȓȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȊȖȖȉȡȍ ȕȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ ȧȋȤȦ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȐȓȐ ȗȘȖȊȖȌȧȚ ȍȍ ȕȍȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ, ȕȈ ȏȍȔȓȦ ȊȣȗȈȌȈȍȚ ȔȈȓȖ ȌȖȎȌȍȑ (ȑȈȌȎȕȈȌ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȐ ȗȈȘȌȎȈȕȑȈȝ) . ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȧȋȤȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȈȎȕȈ. ǩȍȏ ȕȍȍ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ȏȈșțȝȈ, Ȉ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, ȗȈȌȈȍȚ țȘȖȎȈȑ ȏȍȘȕȈ Ȑ ȕȈșȚțȗȈȍȚ ȋȖȓȖȌ. ǶȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ȞȈȘȧ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ( ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈ-ȧȋȤȦ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ), șȖȉȐȘȈȚȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȑ țȘȖȎȈȑ ȏȍȘȕȈ. ǨȕȕȈȌ ȉȝȈȊȈȕȚȐ ȉȝțȚȈȕȐ . ǩȍȏ ȏȍȘȕȈ Ȑ ȓȦȌȐ, Ȑ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȍ țȔȐȘȈȦȚ ȖȚ ȋȖȓȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȘȖȊȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȧȋȤȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ȐȔȍȓȐ ȊȌȖȊȖȓȤ ȗȐȡȐ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ Ȑ ȎȘȍȞȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȖȓțȟȈȚȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȍ ȊȖȏȕȈȋȘȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȏȈ șȊȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ. ȅȚȈ ȗȓȈȚȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȌȈȒȠȐȕȖȑ . ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȉțȌțȟȐ ȋȓȈȊȖȑ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȈ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ Ȋșȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, ȒȈȒ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ, ǫȈțȚȈȔȈ Ȑ ǨșȐȚȈ. ǵȖ șȈȔ Ȗȕ, ȒȈȒ țȎȍ ȉȣȓȖ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ (șȈ ȊȈȑ ȔȈȕȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȗȈȌȈȘȈȊȐȕȌȈȑȖȝ) . ǾȈȘȤ ȐȓȐ ȋȓȈȊȈ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȈ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȓȍȌȐȚȤ ȏȈ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȍȓȈ Ȋ ȍȋȖ șȚȘȈȕȍ ȠȓȐ șȊȖȐȔ ȟȍȘȍȌȖȔ ȗȖȌ ȌȖȓȎȕȣȔ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ, Ȉ șȈȔ Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȚȈȒȐȔ ȒȈȒ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ. ǾȈȘȤ ȖȉȧȏȈȕ ȗȖȏȈȉȖȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȍȘȕȖ Ȋ ȐȏȖȉȐȓȐȐ ȘȖșȓȖ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȗțșȚȣȕȕȣȝ ȖȉȓȈșȚȧȝ, ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ țȎȍ Ȗ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȟȈșȚȧȝ șȚȘȈȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 ȑȈșȑȈ ȒȘȈȚțȠț ȋȐȘȊȈȕȈȐȝ șȈȌȈșȑȈ ȘȐȚȊȐȌȎȖ ȌȎȈȕȈȝ ȚțȓȑȈ-ȘțȗȈȠ ȟȈȕȐȔȐȠȈ ȊȑȈȌȘȐȠȑȈȕȚȈ șțȊȈșȈșȈȝ ȑȈșȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ); ȒȘȈȚțȠț — Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ (ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȗȕ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ); ȋȐȘȊȈȕȈȐȝ — ș ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ; șȈȌȈșȑȈȝ — țȟȈșȚȕȐȒȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȘȐȚȊȐȌȎȈȝ — șȊȧȡȍȕȕȐȒȐ; ȌȎȈȕȈȝ — Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȍ șȊȍȌțȡȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ; ȚțȓȑȈ-ȘțȗȈȝ — ȊȣȋȓȧȌȍȊȠȐȍ ȚȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȕȐȔȐȠȈȝ — Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȐȋȈȍȚ; ȊȑȈȌȘȐȠȑȈȕȚȈ — ȊȣȋȓȧȌȍȓȐ; șț-ȊȈșȈșȈȝ — ȖȉȓȈȟȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋ ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȣȍ ȖȌȍȎȌȣ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, țșȚȘȖȍȕȕȖȋȖ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȑ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍȑ, Ȋșȍ șȖȉȘȈȊȠȐȍșȧ Ȑ ȎȘȍȞȣ [ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȝȖȚȈ, țȌȋȈȚȈ, ȉȘȈȝȔȈ Ȑ ȈȌȝȊȈȘȤȦ] ȉȣȓȐ ȉȖȋȈȚȖ ȖȌȍȚȣ Ȑ ȗȖȝȖȌȐȓȐ ȕȈ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ ȘȍȊȕȖșȚȕȖ șȓȍȌȐȓ ȏȈ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȧȋȤȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȈșȤ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 24 șȊȈȘȋȖ ȕȈ ȗȘȈȘȚȝȐȚȖ ȑȈșȑȈ 59


60 ȔȈȕțȌȎȈȐȘ ȈȔȈȘȈ-ȗȘȐȑȈȝ ȠȘȐȕȊȈȌȉȝȐȘ țȗȈȋȈȑȈȌȉȝȐȘ țȚȚȈȔȈȠȓȖȒȈ-ȟȍȠȚȐȚȈȔ șȊȈȘȋȈȝ — ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȗȘȈȘȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȎȍȓȈȕȕȈȧ; ȑȈșȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ); ȔȈȕțȌȎȈȐȝ — ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ; ȈȔȈȘȈ-ȗȘȐȑȈȝ — ȚȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȘȖȎȈȚ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ; ȠȘȐȕȊȈȌȉȝȐȝ — ȗȘȐȊȣȟȕȖ șȓțȠȈȦȡȐȔȐ; țȗȈȋȈȑȈȌȉȝȐȝ — ȗȘȐȊȣȟȕȖ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȦȡȐȔȐ; țȚȚȈȔȈȠȓȖȒȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȟȍȠȚȐȚȈȔ — șȓȈȊȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ. ǷȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ ȗȘȐȊȣȒȓȐ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȑ șȓțȠȈȚȤ Ȗ șȓȈȊȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȕȐ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȚȘȍȔȐȓȐșȤ Ȓ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȚȈȒ ȌȖȘȖȎȈȚ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȗȘȐȊȣȒȠȐȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȍȚȤ Ȑ șȓțȠȈȚȤ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȑ șȓțȠȈȚȤ Ȗ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȝ, ȖȉȓȐȒȍ Ȑ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȐ, ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ ȗȖȗȈșȚȤ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, ȝȖȚȧ ȥȚȐ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȘȖȋȐ ȌȈȎȍ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ. ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ-ȗȈȘȈȝ șȈȘȊȍ ȕȈ ȒțȚȈȠȟȈȕȈ ȉȐȉȝȑȈȚȐ șȊȈȘȋȈȗȈȊȈȘȋȈ-ȕȈȘȈȒȍȠȊ ȈȗȐ ȚțȓȑȈȘȚȝȈ-ȌȈȘȠȐȕȈȝ «ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȉȍȏȘȈȏȌȍȓȤȕȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȣ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǵȈȘȈȧȕȍ, ȕȍ ȉȖȧȚșȧ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ țșȓȖȊȐȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. Ǭȓȧ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȋ ȘȈȦ, ȕȈ ȈȌșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ ȐȓȐ Ȋ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ — șțȚȤ ȖȌȕȖ» (ǩȝȈȋ., 6.17.28). ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ. ǭȋȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȈȒȈȔȈ, șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȔ ȖȚ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȉȣȓ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȗȕ ȊȖșȗȐȚȣȊȈȓ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȘȈȊȕȖȌțȠȕȣ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȐȘșȒȖȔț, Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȟȐșȓȍ Ȑ Ȓ ȘȈȌȖșȚȧȔ ȘȈȑșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 șȈȔȊȈȘȌȝȈȑȈȕȚȐ ȑȈȚ ȒȈȔȈȝ șȊȈȘȈȌȎȑȈ-ȗȈȘȐȉȝȈȊȐȚȈȝ ȌțȘȓȈȉȝȈ ȕȈȗȐ șȐȌȌȝȈȕȈȔ ȔțȒțȕȌȈȔ ȝȘȐȌȐ ȗȈȠȑȈȚȈȝ șȈȔȊȈȘȌȝȈȑȈȕȚȐ — țȊȍȓȐȟȐȊȈȦȚ șȟȈșȚȤȍ; ȑȈȚ — ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț; ȒȈȔȈȝ — (ȚȈȒȐȍ) șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȧ; șȊȈ-ȘȈȌȎȑȈ — ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ șȓțȋȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȗȈȘȐȉȝȈȊȐȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖȕȐȏȈȕȕȣȍ; ȌțȘȓȈȉȝȈȝ — ȚȘțȌȕȖȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȔȣȍ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȗȐ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; șȐȌȌȝȈȕȈȔ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔȐșȚȐȒȖȊ; ȔțȒțȕȌȈȔ — DzȘȐȠȕț, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȝȘȐȌȐ — Ȋ ȋȓțȉȐȕȍ șȍȘȌȞȈ; ȗȈȠȑȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ șȖȏȍȘȞȈȦȡȍȋȖ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȍȏȍȔȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȘȈȊȕȖȌțȠȍȕ ȌȈȎȍ Ȓ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔȐșȚȐȒȖȊ, ȐȉȖ ȕȐ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȕȍ 60


61 ȗȘȐȉȈȊȐȚ ȍȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȗȕ ȟȍȘȗȈȍȚ Ȋ ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȣȝ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧȝ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȐȕȍ șȊȖȍȋȖ șȍȘȌȞȈ . DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȘȈȊȕȖȌțȠȍȕ ȒȈȒ Ȓ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȕȈ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ Ȓ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȧȔ, ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȔȣȔ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȐ . ǰșȚȐȕȕȣȔ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȔ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ. ǹȟȈșȚȤȍ șȓȐȧȕȐȧ ș ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ Ȑ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȕȐȍ ȊȖșȍȔȤȦ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈȔȐ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȐ ( ȈȕȐȔȖȑ, ȓȈȋȝȐȔȖȑ, ȗȘȈȗȚȐ Ȑ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ) ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǷȘȈȉȖȌȝȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ: ȒȈȐȊȈȓȑȈȔ ȕȈȘȈȒȈȑȈȚȍ ȚȘȐȌȈȠȈ-ȗțȘ ȈȒȈȠȈ-ȗțȠȗȈȑȈȚȍ ȌțȘȌȈȕȚȍȕȌȘȐȑȈ-ȒȈȓȈ-șȈȘȗȈ-ȗȈȚȈȓȐ ȗȘȖȚȒȝȈȚȈ-ȌȈȔȠȚȘȈȑȈȚȍ ȊȐȠȊȈȔ ȗțȘȕȈ-șțȒȝȈȑȈȚȍ ȊȐȌȝȐ-ȔȈȝȍȕȌȘȈȌȐȠ ȟȈ ȒȐȚȈȑȈȚȍ ȑȈȚ ȒȈȘțȕȑȈ-ȒȈȚȈȒȠȈ-ȊȈȐȉȝȈȊȈȊȈȚȈȔ ȚȈȔ ȋȈțȘȈȔ ȥȊȈ șȚțȔȈȝ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ-ȟȈȕȌȘȈȔȘȐȚȈ, 5 DzȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȀȘȐ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȓțȟȠȍ ȈȌȈ, Ȉ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȘȈȌȖșȚȐ ȘȈȑșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ — ȔȐȘȈȎȖȔ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊ, ȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȍȚ Ȑȝ ș ȧȌȖȊȐȚȖȑ ȏȔȍȍȑ ȉȍȏ ȏțȉȖȊ. DZȖȋ- ȔȐșȚȐȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖșȖȉȖ ȏȈȉȖȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȗ ȖȉțȏȌȈȕȐȐ șȊȖȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȕȖ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȣ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț (ȝȘȐȠȐȒȍȕȈ ȝȘȐȠȐȒȍȠȈșȍȊȈȕȈȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȘ țȟȑȈȚȍ), ȍȔț ȕȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȐ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȖ ȌțȔȈȚȤ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ Ȑȝ ȖȉțȏȌȈȚȤ. Ǭȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȕȧȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȖȉțȏȌȣȊȈȚȤ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ, Ȉ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȕȧȚȣ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȖȕȐ țȎȍ ȖȉțȏȌȈȕȣ. ǷȈȘȈȔ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȕȐȊȈȘȚȈȚȍ (ǩ.-ȋ., 2.59). ǿțȊșȚȊȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȍ ȚȧȕțȚșȧ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ. ǽȖȚȧ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȘ ȗȖȓȖȕ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊȐȌȐȚ ȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ, ȐȉȖ Ȋșȍ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚ Ȍȓȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǸȈȏȕȐȞȈ ȔȍȎȌț ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȔȐȘȖȔ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ Ȋșȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ șȓțȎȐȚȤ. ǵȐȘȉȈȕȌȝȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-șȈȔȉȈȕȌȝȍ ȑțȒȚȈȔ ȊȈȐȘȈȋȑȈȔ țȟȑȈȚȍ . ǭșȓȐ Ȋ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȍ ȕȍȚ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȧ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ȉțȌțȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣ. ȗȘȈȗȈȕȟȐ-ȒȈȚȈȑȈ ȉțȌȌȝȑȈ ȝȈȘȐ-șȈȔȉȈȕȌȝȐ-ȊȈșȚțȕȈȝ ȔțȔțȒȠțȉȝȐȝ ȗȈȘȐȚȑȈȋȖ ȊȈȐȘȈȋȑȈȔ ȗȝȈȓȋț ȒȈȚȝȑȈȚȍ Ǫșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȕțȚȖ, Ȉ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ȗȖȓȤȏț, ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȚȤ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ. ǵȍȉȖșȒȘȍȉ Ȑ ȝȘȈȔ ȔȖȎȕȖ șȚȘȖȐȚȤ ș ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȣȔ ȥȕȚțȏȐȈȏȔȖȔ, Ȑ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȥȚȖ ȉțȌțȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ țșȐȓȐȧ, ȐȉȖ Ȋ ȗȍȘȊȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ ȖȕȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣ, Ȉ ȊȖ ȊȚȖȘȖȔ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȣ. ǬțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ Ȑ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȡȈȚȤ ȍȍ. ǵȐȟȚȖ șȊȧȏȈȕȕȖȍ ș ǽȈȘȐ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȥȚȐ ȐșȚȐȕȣ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȕȧȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ (ȗȈȘȈȔ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȕȐȊȈȘȚȈȚȍ) . ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 61


62 șȈ ȐȚȚȝȈȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȍȕȈ ȚȈȗȖ-ȑțȒȚȍȕȈ ȗȈȘȚȝȐȊȈȝ șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȍȕȈ ȝȈȘȐȔ ȗȘȐȕȈȕ șȈȘȊȈȕ ȒȈȔȈȕ ȠȈȕȈȐȘ ȌȎȈȝȈț șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ); ȐȚȚȝȈȔ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȍȕȈ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȚȈȗȈȝ-ȑțȒȚȍȕȈ — ȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȔșȧ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȔ ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖȔ; ȗȈȘȚȝȐȊȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ; șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȍȕȈ — ȌȍȧȕȐȧȔȐ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ șȖ șȊȖȐȔ ȌȖȓȋȖȔ; ȝȈȘȐȔ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȗȘȐȕȈȕ — țȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȧȦȡȐȑ; șȈȘȊȈȕ — Ȋșȍ (ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȍ); ȒȈȔȈȕ — ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ; ȠȈȕȈȐȝ — ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ; ȌȎȈȝȈț — ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ. ǪȓȈȌȣȒȈ ȔȐȘȈ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȧ șțȘȖȊțȦ ȈșȒȍȏț. Ǫșȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȚȈȘȈȧșȤ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍȔ șȊȖȐȝ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ, Ȗȕ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȓșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹțȘȖȊȈȧ ȈșȒȍȏȈ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈȏȕȖȑ. ǵȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț Ȋ ȝȘȈȔȍ ȚȘȍȉțȍȚ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȝ țșȐȓȐȑ. ȀȘȐȊȐȋȘȈȝȈȘȈȌȝȈȕȈ-ȕȐȚȑȈ-ȕȈȕȈ-ȠȘȐȕȋȈȘȈ-ȚȈȕ- ȔȈȕȌȐȘȈ-ȔȈȘȌȎȈȕȈȌȈț . ǵțȎȕȖ țȒȘȈșȐȚȤ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȖ, ȊȣȔȣȚȤ ȝȘȈȔ, ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȊȖȌȣ Ȑȏ ǫȈȕȋȐ ȐȓȐ ȇȔțȕȣ, ȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȌȘțȋțȦ ȗȖȊșȍȌȕȍȊȕțȦ ȘȈȉȖȚț; ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȘȈȏ Ȋ ȌȍȕȤ ȕțȎȕȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȈȘȈȚȐ, ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȐȚȤ ȊȒțșȕțȦ ȗȐȡț Ȍȓȧ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȈ, șȠȐȚȤ Ȑ ȕȈȌȍȚȤ ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ ȖȌȍȎȌȣ. ǺȈȒ ȗȘȐ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȐ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ șȈȔȖȑ ȘȈȏȕȖȑ, Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȟȐșȓȍ Ȑ ȚȧȎȍȓȖȑ ȘȈȉȖȚȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȈșȒȍȏȖȑ. ǵȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȚȧȎȍȓȖ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȚȘțȌȐȚȤșȧ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȒȈȔ — ȐȔ ȕțȎȕȖ ȘȈȏȋȖȊȈȘȐȊȈȚȤ ș ȈȚȍȐșȚȈȔȐ, ȐȏȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȒȕȐȋȐ Ȑ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȚȤ Ȑȝ, ȝȖȌȧ ȖȚ ȌȊȍȘȐ Ȓ ȌȊȍȘȐ (ȚȈȗȖȑțȒȚȍȕȈ) . ǺȈȗȖ ȌȐȊȑȈȔ ȗțȚȘȈȒȈ . Ǫșȧ ȥȚȈ ȈșȒȍȏȈ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȈ. DZȍȕȈ șȈȚȚȊȈȔ ȠțȌȌȝȑȍȚ . ǹ ȍȍ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȧșȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȟȐȡȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ șȒȊȍȘȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ (ȒȈȔȈȕ ȠȈȕȈȑȘ ȌȎȈȝȈț) . ǺȈȒȈȧ ȈșȒȍȏȈ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȏȈȕȧȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ — șȚȈȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȋȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺȈȒ Ȗȕ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, Ȉ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȊȠȐșȤ ȖȚ ȕȐȝ, Ȗȕ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȐȚ ȗȘȖȉȓȍȔț ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ, șȔȍȘȚȐ, șȚȈȘȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȋȘȐȝȍȠț ȌȈȘȍȠț șțȚȍȠț ȉȈȕȌȝțȠț ȌȊȐȗȖȚȚȈȔȈ-șȑȈȕȌȈȕȈ-ȊȈȌȎȐ-ȊȈșȚțȠț ȈȒȠȈȑȑȈ-ȘȈȚȕȈȉȝȈȘȈȕȈȔȉȈȘȈȌȐȠȊ ȈȕȈȕȚȈ-ȒȖȠȍȠȊ ȈȒȈȘȖȌ ȈșȈȕ-ȔȈȚȐȔ ȋȘȐȝȍȠț — Ȋ ȌȖȔȈȝ; ȌȈȘȍȠț — Ȋ ȎȍȕȈȝ; șțȚȍȠț — Ȋ ȌȍȚȧȝ; ȉȈȕȌȝțȠț — Ȋ ȌȘțȏȤȧȝ Ȑ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȈȝ; ȌȊȐȗȈ-țȚȚȈȔȈ — ȒȈȒ șȈȔȣȍ ȓțȟȠȐȍ Ȑ ȔȖȋțȟȐȍ șȓȖȕȣ; șȑȈȕȌȈȕȈ — ȒȈȒ Ȑȏȧȡȕȣȍ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȣ; ȊȈȌȎȐ — ȒȈȒ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȕȣȍ ȒȖȕȐ; ȊȈșȚțȠț — Ȋ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȊȍȡȈȝ; ȈȒȠȈȑȑȈ — Ȋ ȕȍȖȉȍșȞȍȕȐȊȈȦȡȐȝșȧ; ȘȈȚȕȈ — ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȖșȚȧȝ; ȈȉȝȈȘȈȕȈ — Ȋ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȐȧȝ; ȈȔȉȈȘȈ-ȈȌȐȠț — Ȋ ȖȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ, țȉȖȘȈȝ Ȑ ȚȖȔț ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȔ; ȈȕȈȕȚȈȒȖȠȍȠț — Ȋ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȝ șȖȒȘȖȊȐȡȈȝ; ȈȒȈȘȖȚ — șȌȍȓȈȓ; ȈșȈȚ-ȔȈȚȐȔ — șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȓȐȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ. 62


63 ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ țȚȘȈȚȐȓ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȌȖȔȈȠȕȐȔ ȌȍȓȈȔ, Ȓ ȎȍȕȈȔ, ȌȘțȏȤȧȔ Ȑ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȈȔ, Ȓ ȔȖȋțȟȐȔ șȓȖȕȈȔ, Ȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȓȍȗȕȣȔ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȈȔ, ȒȈȘȍȚȈȔ, ȓȖȠȈȌȧȔ, Ȓ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȣȔ ȒȈȔȕȧȔ, Ȓ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȐȧȔ, ȖȌȍȎȌȈȔ Ȑ ȕȍȐșȚȖȡȐȔȖȑ ȒȈȏȕȍ. Ƕȕ țȚȘȈȚȐȓ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț ȥȚȖȔț, ȗȖȕȐȔȈȧ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȐ ȊȍȡȐ ȗȘȍȝȖȌȧȡȐ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǨȕȈșȈȒȚȈșȑȈ ȊȐȠȈȑȈȕ ȑȈȚȝȈȘȝȈȔ țȗȈȑțȕȌȎȈȚȈȝ . ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖȔ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ, ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȕȖ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ. ǨȕțȒțȓȑȍȕȈ ȒȘȐȠȕȈȕțȠȐȓȈȕȈȔ. ǨȕțȒțȓȑȈșȑȈ șȈȕȒȈȓȗȈȝ ȗȘȈȚȐȒțȓȑȈșȑȈ ȊȈȘȌȎȈȕȈȔ . Ǭȓȧ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȐ, ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȕȈȌȖȉȐȚȤșȧ ȔȕȖȋȖȍ Ȑȏ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȣȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȈȕȚțȘȈȎț: Ȓ ȌȖȔț, Ȏȍȕȍ, ȌȍȚȧȔ, ȌȘțȏȤȧȔ ȐȓȐ ȔȈȠȐȕȈȔ. ǻ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ ȉȣȓȖ, ȕȖ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȥȚȖȔț. ǺȈȒȖȊ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȐ. ǩȝȈȒȚȐȝ ȗȈȘȍȠȈȕțȉȝȈȊȖ ȊȐȘȈȒȚȐȘ ȈȕȑȈȚȘȈ ȟȈ (ǩȝȈȋ., 11.2.42). ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȊȣșȖȚ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ, șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȊȍȡȈȔ, ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȡȐȔ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ, ȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ șȓȈȊȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȗȕ ȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚșȧ ȐȔȐ, ȕȍ ȗȐȚȈȧ Ȓ ȕȐȔ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǨȕȈșȈȒȚȈșȑȈ ȊȐȠȈȑȈȕ ȑȈȚȝȈȘȝȈȔ țȗȈȑțȕȌȎȈȚȈȝ . Ǫșȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ ȘȖȊȕȖ ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ, ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȥȚȖ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 ȚȈșȔȈ ȈȌȈȌ ȌȝȈȘȐȠ ȟȈȒȘȈȔ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȕȐȒȈ-ȉȝȈȑȈȊȈȝȈȔ ȥȒȈȕȚȈ-ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ ȗȘȐȚȖ ȉȝȈȒȚȈȉȝȐȘȈȒȠȈȕȈȔ ȚȈșȔȈȐ — ȍȔț (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ); ȈȌȈȚ — ȌȈȓ; ȝȈȘȐȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȟȈȒȘȈȔ — (ǹȊȖȑ) ȌȐșȒ; ȗȘȈȚȑȈȕȐȒȈ-ȉȝȈȑȈ-ȈȊȈȝȈȔ — ȊȕțȠȈȦȡȐȑ țȎȈș ȊȘȈȋȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȥȒȈȕȚȈ-ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ — ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ); ȗȘȐȚȈȝ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ; ȉȝȈȒȚȈ-ȈȉȝȐȘȈȒȠȈȕȈȔ — ȏȈȡȐȡȈȦȡȐȑ (ǭȋȖ) ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ, ȌȈȘȖȊȈȓ ȍȔț ǹȊȖȑ ȌȐșȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖȊȍȘȋȈȍȚ Ȋ țȎȈș ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȕȐȒȈ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȖȚ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ Ȑ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȐȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȍ țȔȍȚȤ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ, ȕȖ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȗȕ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊșȍȋȌȈ Ȑ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȌȈȘțȍȚ ȍȔț ȏȈȡȐȚț. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ȕȈȐȊȖȌȊȐȌȎȍ ȗȈȘȈ ȌțȘȈȚȑȈȑȈ-ȊȈȐȚȈȘȈȕȑȈș ȚȊȈȌ-ȊȐȘȑȈ-ȋȈȑȈȕȈ-ȔȈȝȈȔȘȐȚȈ-ȔȈȋȕȈ-ȟȐȚȚȈȝ ǩȝȈȋ., 7.9.43 ǹȓțȎȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕ Ȋ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȐȒȈȒȐȍ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȤȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȍȋȖ ȕȍ șȚȘȈȠȈȚ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ 63


64 ȖȉȍȡȈȍȚ: ȒȈțȕȚȍȑȈ ȗȘȈȚȐȌȎȈȕȐȝȐ ȕȈ Ȕȍ ȉȝȈȒȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȕȈȠȑȈȚȐ — «ǹȔȍȓȖ ȏȈȧȊȓȧȑ ȊșȍȔț ȔȐȘț, Ȗ ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍȗȖȉȍȌȐȔȣ» (ǩ.-ȋ., 9.31). ǿȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌȍȘȎȐȚ ȕȈȋȖȚȖȊȍ ǹȊȖȑ ȌȐșȒ, ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕțȟȈȒȘț. ȅȚȖȚ ȌȐșȒ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȋ țȎȈș ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒȖȊ (ȗȘȈȚȑȈȕȐȒȈ-ȉȝȈȑȈȊȈȝȈȔ) . ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț, ȝȖȚȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȉȣȓ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȏȈȕȧȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȍȋȖ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȕȍ ȉȖȧȓȐșȤ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȐȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 29 ȈȘȐȘȈȌȝȈȑȐȠțȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈȔ ȔȈȝȐȠȑȈ ȚțȓȑȈ-ȠȐȓȈȑȈ ȑțȒȚȈȝ șȈȔȊȈȚșȈȘȈȔ ȊȐȘȖ ȌȈȌȝȈȘȈ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ-ȊȘȈȚȈȔ ȈȘȐȘȈȌȝȈȑȐȠțȝ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈȔ — DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȔȈȝȐȠȑȈ — ș ȞȈȘȐȞȍȑ; ȚțȓȑȈ-ȠȐȓȈȑȈ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȍȑ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ Ȏȍ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊȈȔȐ (ȒȈȒ Ȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ); ȑțȒȚȈȝ — ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȑșȧ ȊȔȍșȚȍ; șȈȔȊȈȚșȈȘȈȔ — ȋȖȌ; ȊȐȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ; ȌȈȌȝȈȘȈ — ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȓ; ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ-ȊȘȈȚȈȔ — ȖȉȍȚ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ ȥȒȈȌȈȠȐ Ȑ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ . ǷȖȒȓȖȕȧȧșȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȞȈȘȐȞȍȑ, ȚȈȒȖȑ Ȏȍ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ, ȒȈȒ Ȑ Ȗȕ, Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȋȖȌȈ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȓ ȖȉȍȚ ȥȒȈȌȈȠȐ Ȑ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȖȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ ȥȒȈȌȈȠȐ-ȊȘȈȚț Ȑ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ-ȊȘȈȚț — ȏȕȈȟȐȚ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȚȤ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. dzȦȉȖȑ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȘȍȋțȓȧȘȕȖ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ ȥȒȈȌȈȠȐ-ȊȘȈȚț . ǾȈȘȐȞȈ, ȎȍȕȈ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ, ȉȣȓȈ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȈ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȞȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȔȖȋ șȗȖȒȖȑȕȖ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ șȍȔȍȑȕȣȔȐ ȌȍȓȈȔȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ șȊȧȏȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȈȎȕȣ șȓȖȊȈ ȚțȓȑȈȠȐȓȈȑȈ . ǭșȓȐ ȎȍȕȈ ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȍȔȐ Ȏȍ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȍȍ ȔțȎ, șȖȝȘȈȕȐȚȤ șȍȔȤȦ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ ǿȈȕȈȒȤȧ ǷȈȕȌȐȚ șȖȊȍȚțȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ șȍȔȍȑȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȑ șȚȈȚȤ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝȖȑ ȐȓȐ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ . ȔȈȚȈ ȑȈșȑȈ ȋȘȐȝȍ ȕȈșȚȐ ȉȝȈȘȑȈ ȟȈȗȘȐȑȈ-ȊȈȌȐȕȐ ȈȘȈȕȑȈȔ ȚȍȕȈ ȋȈȕȚȈȊȑȈȔ ȑȈȚȝȈȘȈȕȑȈȔ ȚȈȚȝȈ ȋȘȐȝȈȔ ǺȖȚ, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȕȍȚ Ȋ ȌȖȔȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ, Ȉ ȎȍȕȈ ȕȍ ȗȖșȓțȠȕȈ ȍȔț, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ țȑȚȐ Ȋ ȓȍș. ǮȐȏȕȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȈ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȍȓȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȎȍȕȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȚȤ ȔțȎț ȕȈ ȥȚȖȔ ȗțȚȐ, ȐȕȈȟȍ Ȋ șȍȔȍȑȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȕȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 ȊȘȈȚȈȕȚȍ ȒȈȘȚȐȒȍ ȔȈșȐ ȚȘȐ-ȘȈȚȘȈȔ șȈȔțȗȖȠȐȚȈȝ șȕȈȚȈȝ ȒȈȌȈȟȐȚ ȒȈȓȐȕȌȑȈȔ ȝȈȘȐȔ ȔȈȌȝțȊȈȕȍ 'ȘȟȈȑȈȚ

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65 ȊȘȈȚȈ-ȈȕȚȍ — Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ șȘȖȒȈ ȖȉȍȚȈ; ȒȈȘȚȐȒȍ — Ȋ ȒȈȘȚȐȒț (ȖȒȚȧȉȘȤ-ȕȖȧȉȘȤ); ȔȈșȐ — Ȋ ȔȍșȧȞȍ; ȚȘȐ-ȘȈȚȘȈȔ — ȚȘȐ ȕȖȟȐ; șȈȔțȗȖȠȐȚȈȝ — ȊȣȌȍȘȎȈȊȠȐȑ ȗȖȓȕȣȑ ȗȖșȚ; șȕȈȚȈȝ — ȖȔȣȚȣȑ; ȒȈȌȈȟȐȚ — ȒȈȒ-ȚȖ ȘȈȏ; ȒȈȓȐȕȌȑȈȔ — ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ȇȔțȕȣ; ȝȈȘȐȔ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȔȈȌȝțȊȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȚȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȚȍȘȘȐȚȖȘȐȐ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȖșȐȚ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍ ǴȈȌȝțȊȈȕȈ; ȈȘȟȈȑȈȚ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ. Ǫ ȔȍșȧȞ ȒȈȘȚȐȒȈ, ȗȖșȓȍ șȖȉȓȦȌȍȕȐȧ ȖȉȍȚȈ ȕȈ ȗȘȖȚȧȎȍȕȐȐ ȋȖȌȈ Ȑ ȗȖșȓȍ ȚȘȍȝȌȕȍȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȚȈ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȖȔȣȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȇȔțȕȍ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ Ȋ ǴȈȌȝțȊȈȕȍ ȖȉȘȧȌ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǽȈȘȐ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 31 - 32 ȔȈȝȈȉȝȐȠȍȒȈ-ȊȐȌȝȐȕȈ șȈȘȊȖȗȈșȒȈȘȈ-șȈȔȗȈȌȈ ȈȉȝȐȠȐȟȑȈȔȉȈȘȈȒȈȓȗȈȐȘ ȋȈȕȌȝȈ-ȔȈȓȑȈȘȝȈȕȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ ȚȈȌ-ȋȈȚȈȕȚȈȘȈ-ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ ȗțȌȎȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȒȍȠȈȊȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȠ ȟȈ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȕ șȐȌȌȝȈȘȚȝȈȕ ȈȗȐ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȚȈȝ ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȉȝȐȠȍȒȈ-ȊȐȌȝȐȕȈ — Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔȐ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȈ; șȈȘȊȈțȗȈșȒȈȘȈ-șȈȔȗȈȌȈ — șȖ ȊșȍȔ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț; ȈȉȝȐȠȐȟȑȈ — ȐșȒțȗȈȊ; ȈȔȉȈȘȈ-ȈȒȈȓȗȈȐȝ — ș ȊȍȓȐȒȖȓȍȗȕȣȔȐ ȖȌȍȧȕȐȧȔȐ Ȑ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ; ȋȈȕȌȝȈ-ȔȈȓȑȈ — ș ȉȓȈȋȖțȝȈȦȡȐȔȐ ȞȊȍȚȖȟȕȣȔȐ ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌȈȔȐ; ȈȘȝȈȕȈ-ȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ — șȖ Ȋșȍȑ ȌȘțȋȖȑ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȑ țȚȊȈȘȤȦ Ȑ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț; ȚȈȚ-ȋȈȚȈ- ȈȕȚȈȘȈȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ — ș țȔȖȔ, ȗȘȖȕȐȒȕțȚȣȔ ȔȣșȓȧȔȐ Ȗ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ; ȗțȌȎȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ; ȒȍȠȈȊȈȔ — DzȘȐȠȕȍ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȕ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȕ — ȕȍȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȖ țȌȈȟȓȐȊȣȔ; șȐȌȌȝȈ-ȈȘȚȝȈȕ — șȈȔȖțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȔ Ȑ ȕȍ ȖȎȐȌȈȊȠȐȔ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ șȍȉȍ; ȈȗȐ — ȌȈȎȍ; ȉȝȈȒȚȐȚȈȝ — ș ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȍȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǹȓȍȌțȧ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȉȝȐȠȍȒȐ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȖȔȣȓ ȔțȘȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ș ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ Ȋșȍȝ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȝ ȈȚȘȐȉțȚȖȊ. ǯȈȚȍȔ Ȗȕ ȖȌȍȓ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȖ Ȋ ȘȖșȒȖȠȕȣȍ ȕȈȘȧȌȣ, ȕȈȌȍȓ ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȐȧ, ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌȣ Ȑȏ ȌțȠȐșȚȣȝ ȞȊȍȚȖȊ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȖȍ, ȟȚȖ ȕțȎȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǹ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȗȕ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ DzȘȐȠȕȍ Ȑ țȌȈȟȓȐȊȣȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ, șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȔ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 33 - 35 ȋȈȊȈȔ ȘțȒȔȈ-ȊȐȠȈȕȐȕȈȔ ȘțȗȑȈȕȋȝȘȐȕȈȔ șțȊȈșȈșȈȔ ȗȈȑȈȝȠȐȓȈ-ȊȈȑȖ-ȘțȗȈȊȈȚșȖȗȈșȒȈȘȈ-șȈȔȗȈȌȈȔ ȗȘȈȝȐȕȖȚ șȈȌȝț-ȊȐȗȘȍȉȝȑȖ ȋȘȐȝȍȠț ȕȑȈȘȉțȌȈȕȐ ȠȈȚ ȉȝȖȌȎȈȑȐȚȊȈ ȌȊȐȌȎȈȕ ȈȋȘȍ șȊȈȌȊ ȈȕȕȈȔ ȋțȕȈȊȈȚȚȈȔȈȔ 65


66 ȓȈȉȌȝȈ-ȒȈȔȈȐȘ ȈȕțȌȎȕȈȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȕȈȑȖȗȈȟȈȒȘȈȔȍ ȚȈșȑȈ ȚȈȘȝȑ ȈȚȐȚȝȐȝ șȈȒȠȈȌ ȌțȘȊȈșȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȈȉȝțȚ ȋȈȊȈȔ — ȒȖȘȖȊ; ȘțȒȔȈ-ȊȐȠȈȕȐȕȈȔ — ș ȗȖȏȖȓȖȟȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȘȖȋȈȔȐ; ȘțȗȑȈ-ȈȕȋȝȘȐȕȈȔ — ș ȗȖșȍȘȍȉȘȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȒȖȗȣȚȈȔȐ; șț-ȊȈșȈșȈȔ — țȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȝ ȘȖșȒȖȠȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȗȖȕȈȔȐ; ȗȈȑȈȝ-ȠȐȓȈ — ș ȕȈȉțȝȠȐȔ ȊȣȔȍȕȍȔ; ȊȈȑȈȝ — ȔȖȓȖȌȣȝ; ȘțȗȈ — ȒȘȈșȐȊȣȝ; ȊȈȚșȈțȗȈșȒȈȘȈ-șȈȔȗȈȌȈȔ — șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȣȝ ȒȘȈșȐȊȣȔȐ ȚȍȓȧȚȈȔȐ; ȗȘȈȝȐȕȖȚ — ȌȈȓ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȔȐȓȖșȚȣȕȐ; șȈȌȝț-ȊȐȗȘȍȉȝȑȈȝ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ Ȑ șȊȧȚȣȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ; ȋȘȐȝȍȠț — (ȗȘȐȉȣȊȠȐȝ Ȓ ȕȍȔț) Ȋ ȌȖȔ; ȕȑȈȘȉțȌȈȕȐ — ȌȍșȧȚȤ ȒȘȖȘ (șȚȖ ȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȖȊ); ȠȈȚ — ȠȍșȚȤ (ȘȈȏ); ȉȝȖȌȎȈȑȐȚȊȈ — ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȊ ȗȐȡț; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȕ ȈȋȘȍ — șȗȍȘȊȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ; șȊȈȌț ȈȕȕȈȔ — ȊȒțșȕȍȑȠțȦ ȍȌț; ȋțȕȈȊȈȚ-ȚȈȔȈȔ — ȐȏȣșȒȈȕȕȍȑȠțȦ; ȓȈȉȌȝȈ-ȒȈȔȈȐȝ — ȥȚȐȔȐ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȔȐ (ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ); ȈȕțȌȎȕȈȚȈȝ — ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȗȈȘȈȕȈȑȈ — Ȓ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȍȕȐȦ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ; țȗȈȟȈȒȘȈȔȍ — ȗȘȐșȚțȗȐȓ (Ȓ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȈȦȡȍȑ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȐ); ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ); ȚȈȘȝȐ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȈȚȐȚȝȐȝ — ȕȍȎȌȈȕȕȣȑ Ȑ ȕȍȗȘȖȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȋȖșȚȤ; șȈȒȠȈȚ — ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ; ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ. ǯȈȚȍȔ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ țȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȓ Ȋșȍȝ ȋȖșȚȍȑ, ȗȘȐȠȍȌȠȐȝ Ȋ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȔ, ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȌȈȘȐȓ ȐȔ ȠȍșȚȤ ȘȈȏ ȗȖ ȌȍșȧȚȤ ȒȘȖȘ ȒȖȘȖȊ ș ȗȖȏȖȓȖȟȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȘȖȋȈȔȐ Ȑ ȗȖșȍȘȍȉȘȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȒȖȗȣȚȈȔȐ. DzȖȘȖȊȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȗȖȒȘȣȚȣ ȗȖȗȖȕȈȔȐ, Ȑ ȊȣȔȧ Ȑȝ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȍȘȍȗȖȓȕȍȕȖ ȔȖȓȖȒȖȔ. Ǫșȍ ȒȖȘȖȊȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȔȖȓȖȌȣȔȐ, ȔȐȘȖȓȦȉȐȊȣȔȐ Ȑ ȒȘȈșȐȊȣȔȐ. ǪȔȍșȚȍ ș ȒȈȎȌȖȑ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȖ ȚȍȓȍȕȒț. ǸȈȏȌȈȊ ȒȖȘȖȊ, ȞȈȘȤ șȣȚȕȖ ȕȈȒȖȘȔȐȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, Ȑ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȐ ȏȈȒȖȕȟȐȓȐ ȚȘȈȗȍȏț, ș Ȑȝ ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȧ Ȗȕ șȖȉȘȈȓșȧ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȥȒȈȌȈȠȐ-ȊȘȈȚț Ȑ ȗȘȍȘȊȈȚȤ ȗȖșȚ. ǵȖ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȓ ȕȍȔț ȕȍȖȎȐȌȈȕȕȖ ȗȖȎȈȓȖȊȈȓ Ȋ ȋȖșȚȐ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ Ȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 36 ȚȈȔ ȈȕȈȘȟȈȚȐȚȝȐȔ ȉȝțȗȈȝ ȗȘȈȚȑțȚȚȝȈȕȈșȈȕȈȘȝȈȕȈȐȝ ȑȈȑȈȟȍ 'ȉȝȑȈȊȈȝȈȘȈȑȈ ȗȈȌȈ-ȔțȓȈȔ țȗȈȋȈȚȈȝ ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ (ǬțȘȊȈșț); ȈȕȈȘȟȈ — ȗȖȟȚȐȓ; ȈȚȐȚȝȐȔ — ȋȖșȚȧ (ȝȖȚȧ Ȑ ȕȍȏȊȈȕȖȋȖ); ȉȝțȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ (ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ); ȗȘȈȚȑțȚȚȝȈȕȈ — ȊșȚȈȊȈȕȐȍȔ; ȈșȈȕȈ — ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȐȍȔ șȐȌȍȕȤȧ; ȈȘȝȈȕȈȐȝ — ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȈȔȐ, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȣȔȐ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ; ȑȈȑȈȟȍ — ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ; ȈȉȝȑȈȊȈȝȈȘȈȑȈ — Ȍȓȧ ȍȌȣ; ȗȈȌȈ-ȔțȓȈȔ — Ȓ ȗȖȌȖȠȊȈȔ șȚȖȗ; țȗȈȋȈȚȈȝ — ȗȈȊȠȐȑ. ǾȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȊșȚȈȓ șȖ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȚȘȖȕȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȋȖșȚȦ ȗȘȐȍȔ, țȌȖȉȕȖ țșȈȌȐȓ ǬțȘȊȈșț ǴțȕȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖȊȍȓ ȗțȌȎț Ȋ ȍȋȖ ȟȍșȚȤ. ǷȖȚȖȔ, șȍȊ ț ȕȖȋ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ, ȞȈȘȤ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț ȔțȌȘȍȞț ȖȚȊȍȌȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȗȍȏț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 37 ȗȘȈȚȐȕȈȕȌȑȈ șȈ ȚȈȔ ȑȈȟȕȈȔ 66


67 ȒȈȘȚțȔ ȈȊȈȠȑȈȒȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȕȐȔȈȔȈȌȎȌȎȈ ȉȘȐȝȈȌ ȌȝȑȈȑȈȕ ȒȈȓȐȕȌȐ-șȈȓȐȓȍ Ƞțȉȝȍ ȗȘȈȚȐȕȈȕȌȑȈ — ȗȘȐȕȧȊ ș ȘȈȌȖșȚȤȦ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ); ȚȈȔ — Țț; ȑȈȟȕȈȔ — ȗȘȖșȤȉț; ȒȈȘȚțȔ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ; ȈȊȈȠȑȈȒȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȝ ȘȐȚțȈȓȖȊ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — țȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȕȐȔȈȔȈȌȎȌȎȈ — ȗȖȋȘțȏȐȓșȧ (Ȋ ȊȖȌț); ȉȘȐȝȈȚ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȌȝȑȈȑȈȕ — șȖȏȍȘȞȈȦȡȐȑ; ȒȈȓȐȕȌȐ — ȇȔțȕȣ; șȈȓȐȓȍ — Ȋ ȊȖȌȍ; Ƞțȉȝȍ — ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȕȖȑ. ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ș ȘȈȌȖșȚȤȦ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ, ȕȖ șȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȓ ȘȍȒȍ ȇȔțȕȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȚȈȔ șȊȖȑ ȍȎȍȌȕȍȊȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȧȌ. ǪȖȑȌȧ Ȋ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȚȕȣȍ ȊȖȌȣ ȇȔțȕȣ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȋȘțȏȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 38 ȔțȝțȘȚȈȘȌȝȈȊȈȠȐȠȚȈȑȈȔ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȑȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȈȚȐ ȟȐȕȚȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȌȎȕȖ ȌȊȐȌȎȈȐș ȚȈȌ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-șȈȕȒȈȚȍ ȔțȝțȘȚȈ-ȈȘȌȝȈ-ȈȊȈȠȐȠȚȈȑȈȔ — ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖșȚȈȊȈȓȖșȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȓȔȐȕțȚȣ; ȌȊȈȌȈȠȑȈȔ — (ȌȖ ȖȒȖȕȟȈȕȐȧ) ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ; ȗȈȘȈȕȈȔ — ȗȘȍȘȣȊȈȕȐȧ ȗȖșȚȈ; ȗȘȈȚȐ — ȌȖ; ȟȐȕȚȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — șȚȈȓ ȖȉȌțȔȣȊȈȚȤ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ- ȌȎȕȈȝ — ȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ ȖșȕȖȊȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȐȝ — ș ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ; ȚȈȚ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ — ȥȚȖ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ; șȈȕȒȈȚȍ — Ȋ ȖȗȈșȕȖȑ șȐȚțȈȞȐȐ. ǴȍȎȌț ȚȍȔ Ȋ ȌȍȕȤ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ ȌȖ ȖȒȖȕȟȈȕȐȧ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȕțȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȍȘȊȈȚȤ ȗȖșȚ, ȖșȚȈȊȈȓȈșȤ ȊșȍȋȖ ȖȌȕȈ ȔțȝțȘȚȈ. ǵțȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ ȊȣȝȖȌȐȚȤ Ȑȏ ȗȖșȚȈ. ǶȒȈȏȈȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ șȓȖȎȕȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ, ȞȈȘȤ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ ȏȈ șȖȊȍȚȖȔ Ȓ șȊȍȌțȡȐȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 39 - 40 ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȍ ȌȖȠȖ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȑȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȈȗȈȘȈȕȍ ȑȈȚ ȒȘȐȚȊȈ șȈȌȝț Ȕȍ ȉȝțȑȈȌ ȈȌȝȈȘȔȖ ȊȈ ȕȈ ȔȈȔ șȗȘȐȠȍȚ ȈȔȉȝȈșȈ ȒȍȊȈȓȍȕȈȚȝȈ ȒȈȘȐȠȑȍ ȊȘȈȚȈ-ȗȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȈȝțȘ Ȉȉ-ȉȝȈȒȠȈȕȈȔ ȊȐȗȘȈ ȝȑ ȈȠȐȚȈȔ ȕȈȠȐȚȈȔ ȟȈ ȚȈȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ-ȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȍ — Ȋ ȕȈȘțȠȍȕȐȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȕȐȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; ȌȖȠȈȝ — ȋȘȍȝ; ȌȊȈȌȈȠȑȈȔ — Ȋ ȌȍȕȤ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ; ȑȈȚ — ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț; ȈȗȈȘȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȈȕȐȐ (ȗȖșȚȈ Ȋ ȌȖȓȎȕȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ); ȑȈȚ ȒȘȐȚȊȈ — șȖȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȚȈȒȖȍ; șȈȌȝț — ȉȓȈȋȖ; Ȕȍ — Ȕȕȍ; ȉȝțȑȈȚ — ȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ; ȈȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ — ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȖ; ȊȈ — ȐȓȐ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȔȈȔ — Ȕȍȕȧ; șȗȘȐȠȍȚ — ȗțșȚȤ ȒȖșȕȍȚșȧ; ȈȔȉȝȈșȈ — ȊȖȌȖȑ; ȒȍȊȈȓȍȕȈ — ȚȖȓȤȒȖ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȒȈȘȐȠȑȍ — șȖȊȍȘȠț; ȊȘȈȚȈ-ȗȈȘȈȕȈȔ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ ȌȖȓȋȈ; Ȉȝțȝ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; 67


68 Ȉȗ-ȉȝȈȒȠȈȕȈȔ — ȗȐȚȤȍ ȊȖȌȣ; ȊȐȗȘȈȝ — Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ; ȝȐ — ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ; ȈȠȐȚȈȔ — ȍȌȈ; ȕȈ ȈȠȐȚȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȕȍ ȍȌȈ; ȚȈȚ — ȚȖ (ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ). ǾȈȘȤ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǵȈȘțȠȈȚȤ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȕȐȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ Ȏȍ, ȉȖȓȤȠȖȍ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȍ. ǵȖ, ș ȌȘțȋȖȑ șȚȖȘȖȕȣ, ȍșȓȐ Ȋ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȐ ȧ ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȋț ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ ȖȒȖȕȟȈȕȐȧ ȗȖșȚȈ, ȚȖ ȕȈȘțȠț ȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȔȕȖȦ ȖȉȍȚ. ǭșȓȐ Ȋȣ, Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, șȖȟȚȍȚȍ ȔȖȑ ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȔ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȘȍȟȈȡȐȔ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ, ȧ ȗȘȍȘȊț ȗȖșȚ, ȊȣȗȐȊ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȌȣ». ǺȈȒ, ȗȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȊȠȐșȤ ș ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ, ȞȈȘȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȘȍȠȍȕȐȍ, ȐȉȖ ȊȖȌȈ, ȗȖ Ȑȝ ȔȕȍȕȐȦ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ Ȑ șȟȐȚȈȚȤșȧ, Ȑ ȕȍ șȟȐȚȈȚȤșȧ ȗȐȡȍȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȖȋȌȈ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȖȒȈȏȈȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȏȈȚȘțȌȕȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ, șȗȘȖșȐȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȕțȎȕȖ ȓȐ ȍȔț ȗȘȍȘȣȊȈȚȤ ȗȖșȚ ȗȘȧȔȖ șȍȑȟȈș ȐȓȐ ȎȌȈȚȤ ǬțȘȊȈșț ǴțȕȐ, ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, șțȌȧ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț, ȕȍ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȌȈȚȤ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȚȊȍȚȈ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȣ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ șȈȔ ȘȍȠȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȊȣȗȤȍȚ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȌȣ Ȑ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȗȘȍȘȊȍȚ ȗȖșȚ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȕȍ ȕȈȘțȠȐȚ ȏȈȒȖȕȖȊ ȋȖșȚȍȗȘȐȐȔșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ . Ǫ ǪȍȌȈȝ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ: ȈȗȖ 'ȠȕȈȚȐ ȚȈȕ ȕȈȐȊȈȠȐȚȈȔ ȕȈȐȊȈȕȈȠȐȚȈȔ . ȅȚȖ ȊȣșȒȈȏȣȊȈȕȐȍ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȊȖȌȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȟȐȚȈȚȤșȧ ȗȐȡȍȑ, Ȉ ȔȖȎȍȚ Ȑ ȕȍ șȟȐȚȈȚȤșȧ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ șȓțȟȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȐȑ ȓȐȌȍȘ, ȗȘȐȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȧșȤ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ șȈȚȤȧȋȘȈȝȐ, ȖȚȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȍȌȣ, ȕȖ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȍȚ ȗȐȚȤ ȊȖȌț. ǾȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȗȖșȟȐȚȈȊ, ȟȚȖ ȗȐȚȤȍ ȊȖȌȣ ȕȍ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȐȧ ȗȐȡȐ, ȘȍȠȐȓ ȗȘȍȘȊȈȚȤ ȗȖșȚ ȊȖȌȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 41 ȐȚȑ ȈȗȈȝ ȗȘȈȠȑȈ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐȠ ȟȐȕȚȈȑȈȕ ȔȈȕȈșȈȟȑțȚȈȔ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȟȈȠȚȈ ȒțȘț-ȠȘȍȠȚȝȈ ȌȊȐȌȎȈȋȈȔȈȕȈȔ ȥȊȈ șȈȝ ȐȚȑ — ȚȈȒ; ȈȗȈȝ — ȊȖȌț; ȗȘȈȠȑȈ — ȗȖȗȐȊ; ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȞȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ; ȟȐȕȚȈȑȈȕ — șȖȏȍȘȞȈȦȡȐȑ; ȔȈȕȈșȈ — țȔȖȔ; ȈȟȑțȚȈȔ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȘȈȚȑȈȟȈȠȚȈ — șȚȈȓ ȎȌȈȚȤ; ȒțȘț-ȠȘȍȠȚȝȈ — Ȗ ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȞȈȘȍȑ DzțȘț; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȈȋȈȔȈȕȈȔ — ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȧ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ ǴțȕȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ -ȔȐșȚȐȒȈ; ȥȊȈ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ. Ƕ ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ DzțȘț, ȊȣȗȐȊ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȌȣ, ȞȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȓ șȊȖȑ țȔ ȕȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȍ Ȑ șȚȈȓ ȎȌȈȚȤ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȧ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔȐșȚȐȒȈ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ ǴțȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 42 ȌțȘȊȈșȈ ȑȈȔțȕȈ-ȒțȓȈȚ ȒȘȐȚȈȊȈȠȑȈȒȈ ȈȋȈȚȈȝ ȘȈȌȎȕȈȉȝȐȕȈȕȌȐȚȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȉțȉțȌȝȍ ȟȍȠȚȐȚȈȔ ȌȝȐȑȈ ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ; ȑȈȔțȕȈ-ȒțȓȈȚ — ș ȉȍȘȍȋȈ ȇȔțȕȣ; ȒȘȐȚȈ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȣ; ȈȊȈȠȑȈȒȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȍȔ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȣ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȍ ȘȐȚțȈȓȣ; ȈȋȈȚȈȝ — 68


69 ȊȍȘȕțȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȘȈȌȎȕȈ — ȞȈȘȍȔ; ȈȉȝȐȕȈȕȌȐȚȈȝ — țȟȚȐȊȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȣȑ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; ȉțȉțȌȝȍ — ȗȖȕȧȓ; ȟȍȠȚȐȚȈȔ — ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ; ȌȝȐȑȈ — ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ. ǹȖȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȗȖȓțȌȍȕȕțȦ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȦ, ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ ș ȉȍȘȍȋȈ ȇȔțȕȣ. ǾȈȘȤ ȘȈȌțȠȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȋȖșȚȧ, ȖȒȈȏȈȊ ȍȔț ȊșȧȟȍșȒȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȌȖȋȈȌȈȓșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȞȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȊȣȗȐȓ ȊȖȌȣ ȉȍȏ ȍȋȖ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 43 ȔȈȕȑțȕȈ ȗȘȈȟȈȓȈȌ-ȋȈȚȘȖ ȉȝȘț-ȒțȚȐ-ȒțȚȐȓȈȕȈȕȈȝ ȉțȉȝțȒȠȐȚȈȠ ȟȈ șțȚȈȘȈȔ ȒȘȐȚȈȕȌȎȈȓȐȔ ȈȉȝȈȠȈȚȈ ȔȈȕȑțȕȈ — țȎȈșȕȣȔ ȋȕȍȊȖȔ; ȗȘȈȟȈȓȈȚ-ȋȈȚȘȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȍ ȚȍȓȖ șȖȚȘȧșȈȍȚșȧ; ȉȝȘțȒțȚȐ — ș ȉȘȖȊȧȔȐ; ȒțȚȐȓȈ — ȐȏȖȋȕțȚȣȔȐ; ȈȕȈȕȈȝ — ȓȐȞȖ; ȉțȉȝțȒȠȐȚȈȝ ȟȈ — Ȑ Ȓ ȚȖȔț Ȏȍ ȋȖȓȖȌȕȣȑ; șțȚȈȘȈȔ — ȖȟȍȕȤ; ȒȘȐȚȈ-ȈȕȌȎȈȓȐȔ — Ȓ șȚȖȧȡȍȔț șȖ șȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȘțȒȈȔȐ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ); ȈȉȝȈȠȈȚȈ — ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ. Ǫșȍ ȍȡȍ ȋȖȓȖȌȕȣȑ, ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȏȈȌȘȖȎȈȓ ȖȚ ȧȘȖșȚȐ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ ȓȐȞȖ ȐșȒȈȏȐȓȖșȤ. ǵȈȝȔțȘȐȊ ȉȘȖȊȐ, Ȗȕ ȖȉȘțȠȐȓ șȊȖȐ ȋȕȍȊȕȣȍ ȘȍȟȐ ȕȈ ȞȈȘȧ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȚȖȧȓ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ șȖ șȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȓȈȌȖȕȧȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 44 ȈȝȖ ȈșȑȈ ȕȘȐ-ȠȈȔșȈșȑȈ ȠȘȐȑȖȕȔȈȚȚȈșȑȈ ȗȈȠȑȈȚȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȑȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȈȔ ȊȐȠȕȖȘ ȈȉȝȈȒȚȈșȑȍȠȈ-ȔȈȕȐȕȈȝ ȈȝȖ — țȊȣ; ȈșȑȈ — ȥȚȖȋȖ (ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ); ȕȘȐ-ȠȈȔșȈșȑȈ — ȎȍșȚȖȒȖȋȖ; ȠȘȐȑȈ țȕȔȈȚȚȈșȑȈ — ȊȖȏȖȔȕȐȊȠȍȋȖ Ȗ șȍȉȍ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȉȖȋȈȚ; ȗȈȠȑȈȚȈ — țȏȘȐȚȍ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȑȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȈȔ — ȕȈȘțȠȍȕȐȍ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȝ ȏȈȗȖȊȍȌȍȑ; ȊȐȠȕȖȝ ȈȉȝȈȒȚȈșȑȈ — ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț; ȐȠȈ-ȔȈȕȐȕȈȝ — ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȊȖȏȖȔȕȐȓ șȍȉȧ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȣȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǷȖȓȦȉțȑȚȍșȤ, ȒȈȒ ȊȍȌȍȚ șȍȉȧ ȥȚȖȚ ȎȍșȚȖȒȐȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ! ǸȈȏȊȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȍȋȖ ȕȈȏȊȈȚȤ șȓțȋȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț? ǫȖȘȌȧșȤ șȊȖȐȔ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍȔ, Ȗȕ șȈȔ ȊȖȏȖȔȕȐȓ șȍȉȧ ǩȖȋȖȔ. ǷȖșȔȖȚȘȐȚȍ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȗȐȘȈȍȚ Ȗȕ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ, ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȐȘțȧ ȥȚȖȚ șȚȐȝ, ȗȖ-ȌȘțȋȖȔț ȐșȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȓ șȓȖȊȈ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ ǴțȕȐ. ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓ șȓȖȊȖ ȕȘȐ-ȠȈȔșȈșȑȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȎȍșȚȖȒȖșȚȤ ȞȈȘȧ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȘȈșȒȘȣȊȈȍȚ ȐȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȓȖȊȈ Ȑ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȞȈȘȧ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ȍȋȖ șȚȘȈȕȣ. ǹȓȖȊȖ ȕȘȐ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «Ȋșȍ ȔȍșȚȕȣȍ ȎȐȚȍȓȐ», Ȉ ȠȈȔșȈșȑȈ — «ȍȋȖ (ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ), ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȧȔȐ». ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȉȖȋȈȚ, ȕȍȘȍȌȒȖ ȚȍȘȧȍȚ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȋȖȓȖȊț. ȅȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȠȘȐȑȈ-țȕȔȈȚȚȈșȑȈ, ȕȖ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȗȍȘȍȊȖȌȐȚ ȥȚȐ șȓȖȊȈ ȗȖ-ȌȘțȋȖȔț: ȝȖȚȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ 69


70 ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȉȣȓ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȉȖȋȈȚȣȔ ȞȈȘȍȔ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȝȖȌȐȓ ș țȔȈ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ Ȍȍȕȍȋ, ȐȉȖ șȔȖȚȘȍȓ ȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ șȊȣșȖȒȈ. ǵȈȒȖȕȍȞ, șȓȖȊȖ ȐȠȈ- ȔȈȕȐȕȈȝ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȞȈȘȤ ș ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍȔ ȖȚȕȖșȐȓșȧ Ȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț șȚȘȖȋȖ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȓ ȥȒȈȌȈȠȐ-ȗȈȘȈȕț . Ƕȕ ȊȣȗȐȓ ȓȐȠȤ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȌȣ. ǺȈȒ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȌȐȓ ȗȘȈȊȖȚț ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ Ȑ ȖȗȘȈȊȌȈȓ Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 45 ȑȖ ȔȈȔ ȈȚȐȚȝȐȔ ȈȑȈȚȈȔ ȈȚȐȚȝȑȍȕȈ ȕȐȔȈȕȚȘȑȈ ȟȈ ȈȌȈȚȚȊȈ ȉȝțȒȚȈȊȈȔș ȚȈșȑȈ șȈȌȑȈș Țȍ ȌȈȘȠȈȑȍ ȗȝȈȓȈȔ ȑȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȔȈȔ — Ȕȍȕȧ; ȈȚȐȚȝȐȔ — ȕȍȏȊȈȕȖȋȖ ȋȖșȚȧ; ȈȑȈȚȈȔ — ȗȘȐȠȍȌȠȍȋȖ; ȈȚȐȚȝȑȍȕȈ — ș ȋȖșȚȍȗȘȐȐȔșȚȊȖȔ; ȕȐȔȈȕȚȘȑȈ — ȗȘȐȋȓȈșȐȊ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȌȈȚȚȊȈ — ȕȍ ȌȈȊ (ȍȌȣ); ȉȝțȒȚȈȊȈȕ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȍșȚ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; șȈȌȑȈȝ — ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ; Țȍ — ȚȊȖȑ; ȌȈȘȠȈȑȍ — ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȦ; ȗȝȈȓȈȔ — ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, Țȣ ȝȖȚȍȓ țȋȖșȚȐȚȤ Ȕȍȕȧ, ȕȖ, ȊȔȍșȚȖ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈȒȖȘȔȐȚȤ Ȕȍȕȧ, șȈȔ ȕȈȟȈȓ ȍșȚȤ ȗȍȘȊȣȔ. ǹȍȑȟȈș Țȣ țȊȐȌȐȠȤ, ȒȈȒ ȧ ȗȘȖțȟț Țȍȉȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȑ ȑȖȋ-ȔȐșȚȐȒ ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȗȖȉȍȌȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǷȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȚȖȔț — ȕȍțȌȈȟȈ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ ǴțȕȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖȗȣȚȈȓșȧ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȚȤ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț. ǽȈȘȈȊ ȈȉȝȈȒȚȈșȑȈ ȒțȚȖ ȔȈȝȈȌ-ȋțȕȈȝ (ǩȝȈȋ., 5.18.12). ǻ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȉȣ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȔȐșȚȐȒȖȔ, ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȖȔ ȐȓȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȔ ǪȍȌ Ȗȕ ȕȐ ȉȣȓ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ Ȑ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȖȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚ ȗȖȉȍȌț, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ șȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ ȗȘȐ ȕȍȌȖȘȈȏțȔȍȕȐȐ, ȊȖȏȕȐȒȠȍȔ ȔȍȎȌț ǬțȘȊȈșȖȑ Ȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȑ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 46 ȥȊȈȔ ȉȘțȊȈȕȈ țȚȒȘȐȚȑȈ ȌȎȈȚȈȔ ȘȖȠȈ-ȗȘȈȌȐȗȐȚȈȝ ȚȈȑȈ șȈ ȕȐȘȔȈȔȍ ȚȈșȔȈȐ ȒȘȐȚȑȈȔ ȒȈȓȈȕȈȓȖȗȈȔȈȔ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȉȘțȊȈȕȈȝ — ȋȖȊȖȘȧȡȐȑ; țȚȒȘȐȚȑȈ — ȊȣȘȊȈȊ; ȌȎȈȚȈȔ — ȗȘȧȌȤ; ȘȖȠȈȗȘȈȌȐȗȐȚȈȝ — ȘȈșȗȈȓȍȕȕȣȑ șȐȓȤȕȣȔ ȋȕȍȊȖȔ; ȚȈȑȈ — ȥȚȐȔ (ȒȓȖȟȒȖȔ ȊȖȓȖș, ȊȣȌȘȈȕȕȣȔ Ȑȏ ȋȖȓȖȊȣ); șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ); ȕȐȘȔȈȔȍ — șȖȚȊȖȘȐȓ; ȚȈșȔȈȐ — Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ (Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȚȤ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț); ȒȘȐȚȑȈȔ — ȌȍȔȖȕȐȞț; ȒȈȓȈ-ȈȕȈȓȈ-țȗȈȔȈȔ — ȗȖȌȖȉȕțȦ șȊȍȘȒȈȦȡȍȔț ȗȓȈȔȍȕȐ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȧ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȖșȐȓ ȥȚȐ șȓȖȊȈ, ȍȋȖ ȓȐȞȖ ȗȖȉȈȋȘȖȊȍȓȖ ȖȚ ȋȕȍȊȈ. ǪȣȘȊȈȊ ȗțȟȖȒ ȊȖȓȖș Ȑȏ ȋȖȓȖȊȣ, Ȗȕ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȚȤ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț, șȖȏȌȈȓ ȌȍȔȖȕȐȞț, ȔȖȋțȟțȦ, ȒȈȒ ȗȓȈȔȧ, ȗȖȎȐȘȈȦȡȍȍ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 47 ȚȈȔ ȈȗȈȚȈȕȚȐȔ ȌȎȊȈȓȈȚȐȔ 70


71 ȈșȐ-ȝȈșȚȈȔ ȗȈȌȈ ȉȝțȊȈȔ ȊȍȗȈȑȈȕȚȐȔ șȈȔțȌȊȐȒȠȑȈ ȕȈ ȟȈȟȈȓȈ ȗȈȌȈȕ ȕȘȐȗȈȝ ȚȈȔ — ȍȍ (Țț ȌȍȔȖȕȐȞț); ȈȗȈȚȈȕȚȐȔ — ȉȘȖșȐȊȠțȦșȧ (ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈȗȈșȚȤ ȕȈ ȕȍȋȖ); ȌȎȊȈȓȈȚȐȔ — șȊȍȘȒȈȦȡțȦ ȒȈȒ ȖȋȖȕȤ; ȈșȐ-ȝȈșȚȈȔ — ȌȍȘȎȈȡțȦ ȚȘȍȏțȉȍȞ Ȋ ȘțȒȍ; ȗȈȌȈ — ȗȖșȚțȗȤȦ; ȉȝțȊȈȔ — ȏȍȔȓȦ; ȊȍȗȈȑȈȕȚȐȔ — ȏȈșȚȈȊȓȧȦȡțȦ ȚȘȍȗȍȚȈȚȤ; șȈȔțȌȊȐȒȠȑȈ — ȧșȕȖ țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȟȈȟȈȓȈ — ȌȊȐȕțȓșȧ; ȗȈȌȈȚ — ș ȔȍșȚȈ; ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ. ǹ ȚȘȍȏțȉȞȍȔ Ȋ ȘțȒȍ, șȖȚȘȧșȈȧ ȠȈȋȈȔȐ ȏȍȔȓȦ, ȥȚȖ ȗȣȓȈȦȡȍȍ ȟțȌȖȊȐȡȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȓȖ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȑ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍȑ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȞȈȘȤ ȕȐșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȍ ȐșȗțȋȈȓșȧ ȗȘȐ ȊȐȌȍ ȍȋȖ Ȑ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ șȚȖȧȚȤ ȕȈ ȗȘȍȎȕȍȔ ȔȍșȚȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ-ȗȈȘȈȝ șȈȘȊȍ ȕȈ ȒțȚȈȠȟȈȕȈ ȉȐȉȝȑȈȚȐ (ǩȝȈȋ., 6.17.28). ǿȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǵȈȘȈȧȕȣ ȕȍ șȚȘȈȠȐȚșȧ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȍȑ. ǺȖȔț ȍșȚȤ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȖȊ: ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌț ȔțȟȐȓ ȖȚȍȞ, ȕȖ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȗȧȚȐȓȍȚȕȐȔ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȖȔ, ȍȔț ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ șȚȘȈȠȕȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȓȦȉȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȗȘȐȔȍȘț ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ Ȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌȣ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȕȈțȟȐȚȤșȧ șȚȖȑȒȖ ȗȍȘȍȕȖșȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȕȍȗȘȐȧȚȕȖșȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǩȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒȐ ȟȈșȚȖ ȔțȟȈȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȕȖ ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȖȓȈȋȈȧșȤ ȕȈ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȋȖ, ȕȍȊȖȏȔțȚȐȔȖ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȓȦȉȣȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȊȘȈȎȌȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 48 ȗȘȈȋ ȌȐȠȚȈȔ ȉȝȘȐȚȑȈ-ȘȈȒȠȈȑȈȔ ȗțȘțȠȍȕȈ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȕȈ ȌȈȌȈȝȈ ȒȘȐȚȑȈȔ ȚȈȔ ȟȈȒȘȈȔ ȒȘțȌȌȝȈȝȐȔ ȐȊȈ ȗȈȊȈȒȈȝ ȗȘȈȒ ȌȐȠȚȈȔ — ȏȈȘȈȕȍȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȕȣȑ; ȉȝȘȐȚȑȈ-ȘȈȒȠȈȑȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ ȏȈȡȐȚȣ (ǭȋȖ) șȓțȋ; ȗțȘțȠȍȕȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈ — ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȖȑ; ȌȈȌȈȝȈ — șȗȈȓȐȓ; ȒȘȐȚȑȈȔ — ȌȍȔȖȕȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȚȊȈȘȤ; ȚȈȔ — ȥȚț; ȟȈȒȘȈȔ — ȌȐșȒ; ȒȘțȌȌȝȈ — ȏȓȖȉȕțȦ; ȈȝȐȔ — ȏȔȍȦ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȗȈȊȈȒȈȝ — ȖȋȖȕȤ. DzȈȒ ȓȍșȕȖȑ ȗȖȎȈȘ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȍȚ Ȋ ȗȍȗȍȓ ȏȓȖȉȕțȦ ȏȔȍȦ, ȚȈȒ ȌȐșȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȘȈ, ȗȖșȓȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȕȈ ȏȈȡȐȚț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, Ȋ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȖȒȈ ȐșȗȍȗȍȓȐȓ șȖȏȌȈȕȕțȦ ǬțȘȊȈșȖȑ ȌȍȔȖȕȐȞț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǽȖȚȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȖȒȈȏȈȓșȧ Ȋ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȐ, Ȗȕ, ȒȈȒ ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍ ȗȖȠȍȓȖȝȕțȓșȧ. ǩȖȓȍȍ ȚȖȋȖ, Ȗȕ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȏȈȡȐȚȣ ț ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǸȈȏțȔ ȍȋȖ ȖșȚȈȊȈȓșȧ ȕȍȗȖȒȖȓȍȉȐȔ. ǶȟȍȊȐȌȕȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȚȤ Ȗ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȍ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȕȍ ȉȖȐȚșȧ șȔȍȘȚȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȍȚ ȔȣșȓȐ Ȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȌȍȓȈȍȚ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȘȈȌȐ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ, Ȉ Ȑȏ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȌȖȓȋȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȏȍ ȏȕȈȍȚ, ȒȈȒ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǹȓȖȊȈ ȗȘȈȋ ȌȐȠȚȈȔ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉȖ ȊșȍȔ țȎȍ ȏȕȈȓ, Ȑ, ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȟȍȔ ȟȚȖ-ȚȖ șȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ, Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȐȓ șȊȖȦ ȟȈȒȘț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț. ǷȖȌȖȉȕțȦ ȏȈȡȐȚț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȌȈȘțȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. DzȈțȕȚȍȑȈ ȗȘȈȚȐȌȎȈȕȐȝȐ ȕȈ Ȕȍ ȉȝȈȒȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȕȈȠȑȈȚȐ (ǩ.-ȋ., 9.31). DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȊșȚȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ 71


72 șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, Ȗȕ șȘȈȏț ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȏȈȡȐȚț ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ- ȋȐȚȍ» (18.66): ȈȝȈȔ ȚȊȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȗȈȗȍȉȝȑȖ ȔȖȒȠȈȑȐȠȑȈȔȐ. ǯȈȡȐȚȈ ȌȈȘțȍȚșȧ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ. ǷȖ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȉȘȖȚȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȊșȧȟȍșȒȐ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȍȚ ȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȚȖȚ ȔȖȋ șȗȖȒȖȑȕȖ Ȑ țȊȍȘȍȕȕȖ, ȉȍȏ ȓȐȠȕȐȝ ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȍȑ, ȘȈȏȊȐȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǯȔȍȧ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȏȓȖȑ Ȑ ȈȋȘȍșșȐȊȕȖȑ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȖȕȈ ȉȍșșȐȓȤȕȈ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȗȣȓȈȦȡȐȔ ȓȍșȕȣȔ ȗȖȎȈȘȖȔ. ǺȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȊȘȈȎȌȍȉȕȖ ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȑșȧ Ȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȐȓȍȕ, ȕȖ Ȗȕ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȏȓȖȑ ȏȔȍȍ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȖȋȕȍȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 49 ȚȈȌ-ȈȉȝȐȌȘȈȊȈȌ țȌȊȐȒȠȑȈ șȊȈ-ȗȘȈȑȈșȈȔ ȟȈ ȕȐȠȗȝȈȓȈȔ ȌțȘȊȈșȈ ȌțȌȘțȊȍ ȉȝȐȚȖ ȌȐȒȠț ȗȘȈȕȈ-ȗȈȘȐȗșȈȑȈ ȚȈȚ — ȚȖȚ (ȌȐșȒ); ȈȉȝȐȌȘȈȊȈȚ — ȗȘȐȉȓȐȎȈȦȡȐȑșȧ; țȌȊȐȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; șȊȈȗȘȈȑȈșȈȔ — șȊȖȦ ȗȖȗȣȚȒț; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȕȐȠȗȝȈȓȈȔ — ȕȍțȌȈȊȠțȦșȧ; ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ — ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ; ȌțȌȘțȊȍ — șȚȈȓ ȉȍȋȈȚȤ; ȉȝȐȚȈȝ — ȐșȗțȋȈȕȕȣȑ; ȌȐȒȠț — ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȝ; ȗȘȈȕȈ-ȗȈȘȐȗșȈȑȈ — ș ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ șȗȈșȚȐ ȎȐȏȕȤ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ țȊȐȌȍȓ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȗȣȚȒȈ ȗȖȚȍȘȗȍȓȈ ȕȍțȌȈȟț Ȑ ȟȚȖ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȟȈȒȘȈ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȌȊȐȎȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȕȍȔț șȈȔȖȔț, Ȗȕ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȐșȗțȋȈȓșȧ Ȑ șȚȈȓ ȔȍȚȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ șȚȖȘȖȕȣ Ȋ șȚȖȘȖȕț, ȗȣȚȈȧșȤ șȗȈșȚȐșȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 50 ȚȈȔ ȈȕȊȈȌȝȈȊȈȌ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȘȈȚȝȈȕȋȈȔ ȌȈȊȈȋȕȐȘ țȌȌȝțȚȈ-ȠȐȒȝȖ ȑȈȚȝȈȝȐȔ ȚȈȚȝȈȕțȠȈȒȚȈȔ ȔțȕȐȘ ȐȒȠȈȔȈȕȖ ȋțȝȈȔ ȊȐȊȐȒȠțȝ ȗȘȈșȈșȈȘȈ ȔȍȘȖȝ ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ (ǬțȘȊȈșț); ȈȕȊȈȌȝȈȊȈȚ — șȚȈȓ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ- ȘȈȚȝȈ-ȈȕȋȈȔ — ȌȐșȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȑȏ ȒȖȓȍșȈ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȌȈȊȈ-ȈȋȕȐȝ — ȓȍșȕȖȑ ȗȖȎȈȘ; țȌȌȝțȚȈ — ȊȏȌȣȔȈȦȡȐȍșȧ; ȠȐȒȝȈȝ — ȧȏȣȒȐ ȗȓȈȔȍȕȐ; ȑȈȚȝȈ ȈȝȐȔ — ȒȈȒ ȏȔȍȦ (ȗȘȍșȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȓȈȔȧ); ȚȈȚȝȈ — ȒȈȒ ȉțȌȚȖ; ȈȕțȠȈȒȚȈȔ — ȒȈșȈȦȡȐȑșȧ șȗȐȕȣ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ ǴțȕȐ; ȔțȕȐȝ — ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȐȒȠȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȊȐȌȧȡȐȑ; ȋțȝȈȔ — Ȋ ȗȍȡȍȘț; ȊȐȊȐȒȠțȝ — șȚȘȍȔȧȡȐȑșȧ ȊȖȑȚȐ; ȗȘȈșȈșȈȘȈ — ȗȖȔȟȈȓșȧ; ȔȍȘȖȝ — ȋȖȘȣ ǴȍȘț. DzȈȒ ȘȍȊțȡȍȍ ȗȓȈȔȧ ȓȍșȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȎȈȘȈ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌțȍȚ ȏȔȍȦ, ȚȈȒ ȌȐșȒ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȈȟȈȓ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ǬțȘȊȈșț ǴțȕȐ. ǷȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȊ, ȟȚȖ ȌȐșȒ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȍȋȖ șȗȐȕȣ, ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ȗȖȉȍȎȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȉȣȓȖ șȐȓ, ȕȈȌȍȧșȤ șȗȘȧȚȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȗȍȡȍȘȍ ȋȖȘȣ ǹțȔȍȘț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 51 ȌȐȠȖ ȕȈȉȝȈȝ ȒȠȔȈȔ ȊȐȊȈȘȈȕ șȈȔțȌȘȈȕ ȓȖȒȈȕ șȈȗȈȓȈȔș ȚȘȐȌȐȊȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ șȈȝ ȑȈȚȖ ȑȈȚȖ ȌȝȈȊȈȚȐ ȚȈȚȘȈ ȚȈȚȘȈ șțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ ȌțȠȗȘȈșȈȝȈȔ ȌȈȌȈȘȠȈ 72


73 ȌȐȠȈȝ — ȊȖ Ȋșȍ șȚȖȘȖȕȣ; ȕȈȉȝȈȝ — Ȋ ȕȍȉȖ; ȒȠȔȈȔ — Ȓ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȐ ȏȍȔȓȐ; ȊȐȊȈȘȈȕ — Ȋ ȗȍȡȍȘȣ; șȈȔțȌȘȈȕ — Ȋ ȔȖȘȧ; ȓȖȒȈȕ — ȊȖ Ȋșȍ șȚȘȈȕȣ; șȈ-ȗȈȓȈȕ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș (Ȑȝ) ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ; ȚȘȐȌȐȊȈȔ — ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ); ȑȈȚȈȝ ȑȈȚȈȝ — ȒțȌȈ ȉȣ ȕȐ; ȌȝȈȊȈȚȐ — ȉȍȎȐȚ; ȚȈȚȘȈ ȚȈȚȘȈ — ȚȈȔ ȗȖȊșȦȌț; șțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ — ȌȐșȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȌțȠȗȘȈșȈȝȈȔ — țȎȈșȕȣȑ; ȌȈȌȈȘȠȈ — ȊȐȌȍȓ (ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ). ǷȣȚȈȧșȤ șȗȈșȚȐșȤ, ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȔȍȚȈȓșȧ ȗȖȊșȦȌț — Ȗȕ ȊȏȔȣȊȈȓ Ȋ ȕȍȉȖ, ȉȍȋȈȓ ȗȖ ȏȍȔȓȍ, ȗȘȧȚȈȓșȧ Ȋ ȗȍȡȍȘȈȝ, țȒȘȣȊȈȓșȧ ȕȈ Ȍȕȍ ȖȒȍȈȕȈ, ȐșȒȈȓ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȈ ȕȈ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȚȘȍȝ ȔȐȘȖȊ Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ, — ȕȖ, ȋȌȍ ȉȣ Ȗȕ ȕȐ ȖȒȈȏȈȓșȧ, Ȗȕ ȚȖȚȟȈș ȊȐȌȍȓ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕț-ȟȈȒȘț, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȔȟȈȓȈșȤ ȏȈ ȕȐȔ ȗȖ ȗȧȚȈȔ Ȑ ȖȗȈȓȧȓȈ ȕȍȊȣȕȖșȐȔȣȔ ȎȈȘȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 52 ȈȓȈȉȌȝȈ-ȕȈȚȝȈȝ șȈ șȈȌȈ ȒțȚȈȠȟȐȚ șȈȕȚȘȈșȚȈ-ȟȐȚȚȖ 'ȘȈȕȈȔ ȥȠȈȔȈȕȈȝ ȌȍȊȈȔ ȊȐȘȐȕȟȈȔ șȈȔȈȋȈȌ ȊȐȌȝȈȚȈș ȚȘȈȝȑ ȈȚȔȈ-ȑȖȕȍ 'ȌȎȐȚȈ-ȚȍȌȎȈșȖ ȔȈȔ ȈȓȈȉȌȝȈ-ȕȈȚȝȈȝ — ȕȍ ȕȈȠȍȌȠȐȑ ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒȈ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ); șȈȌȈ — ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ; ȒțȚȈȠȟȐȚ — ȋȌȍ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ; șȈȕȚȘȈșȚȈ- ȟȐȚȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȍ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȗȍȘȍȗȖȓȕȍȕȖ șȚȘȈȝȖȔ; ȈȘȈȕȈȔ — ȚȖȋȖ, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȕȈȑȚȐ țȉȍȎȐȡȍ; ȥȠȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȐȡțȡȐȑ; ȌȍȊȈȔ — Ȓ ȋȓȈȊȕȖȔț ȗȖȓțȉȖȋț; ȊȐȘȐȕȟȈȔ — Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǩȘȈȝȔȍ; șȈȔȈȋȈȚ — ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȓșȧ; ȊȐȌȝȈȚȈȝ — Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȚȘȈȝȐ — ȏȈȡȐȚȐ Ȏȍ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȑȖȕȍ — Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ; ȈȌȎȐȚȈ-ȚȍȌȎȈșȈȝ — ȖȚ ȗȓȈȔȍȕȐ, ȗȖșȓȈȕȕȖȋȖ ǨȌȎȐȚȖȑ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ; ȔȈȔ — Ȕȍȕȧ. ǶȝȊȈȟȍȕȕȣȑ țȎȈșȖȔ, ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȕȖșȐȓșȧ ȗȖ ȔȐȘț Ȋ ȗȖȐșȒȈȝ țȉȍȎȐȡȈ, ȕȖ, ȕȍ ȕȈȑȌȧ ȍȋȖ ȕȐȋȌȍ, ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȓ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȖȑ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «Ƕ ȔȖȑ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ, Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȉțȌȤ ȚȈȒ ȌȖȉȘ, ȏȈȡȐȚȐ Ȕȍȕȧ ȖȚ ȎȈȘȈ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ-ȟȈȒȘȣ, ȗȖșȓȈȕȕȖȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ». ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 53 - 54 ȠȘȐ-ȉȘȈȝȔȖȊȈȟȈ șȚȝȈȕȈȔ ȔȈȌȐȑȈȔ șȈȝȈ-ȊȐȠȊȈȔ ȥȚȈȚ ȒȘȐȌȈȊȈșȈȕȍ ȌȊȐ-ȗȈȘȈȘȌȝȈ-șȈȔȌȎȕȍ ȉȝȘț-ȉȝȈȕȋȈ-ȔȈȚȘȍȕȈ ȝȐ șȈȕȌȐȌȝȈȒȠȖȝ ȒȈȓȈȚȔȈȕȖ ȑȈșȑȈ ȚȐȘȖȉȝȈȊȐȠȑȈȚȐ ȈȝȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȖ ȌȈȒȠȈ-ȉȝȘȐȋț-ȗȘȈȌȝȈȕȈȝ ȗȘȈȌȎȍȠȈ-ȉȝțȚȍȠȈ-șțȘȍȠȈ-ȔțȒȝȑȈȝ șȈȘȊȍ ȊȈȑȈȔ ȑȈȕ-ȕȐȑȈȔȈȔ ȗȘȈȗȈȕȕȈ ȔțȘȌȝȕȑȈȘȗȐȚȈȔ ȓȖȒȈ-ȝȐȚȈȔ ȊȈȝȈȔȈȝ ȠȘȐ-ȉȘȈȝȔȈ țȊȈȟȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ; șȚȝȈȕȈȔ — ȔȍșȚȖ (ȋȌȍ ȧ ȕȈȝȖȎțșȤ); ȔȈȌȐȑȈȔ — ȔȖȍ ȎȐȓȐȡȍ (ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒț); șȈȝȈ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ; ȊȐȠȊȈȔ — șȖ Ȋșȍȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖ; ȒȘȐȌȈ-ȈȊȈșȈȕȍ — ȗȖ ȖȒȖȕȟȈȕȐȐ ȓȐȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ 73


74 ǩȖȋȈ; ȌȊȐ-ȗȈȘȈȘȌȝȈ-șȈȔȌȎȕȍ — Ȋ ȗȍȘȐȖȌ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȑ ȒȖȕȞȖȔ ȌȊȐ-ȗȈȘȈȘȌȝȐ; ȉȝȘțȉȝȈȕȋȈ- ȔȈȚȘȍȕȈ — ȓȐȠȤ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȉȘȖȊȍȑ; ȝȐ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; șȈȕȌȐȌȝȈȒȠȖȝ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȍȋȖ șȗȈȓȐȚȤ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ (ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ); ȒȈȓȈȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — ȗȘȐȕȧȊȠȍȋȖ ȖȉȓȐȒ ȘȈȏȘțȠȐȚȍȓȧ; ȑȈșȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȚȐȘȖȉȝȈȊȐȠȑȈȚȐ — ȉțȌțȚ ȗȖȉȍȎȌȍȕȣ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; ȉȝȈȊȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ; ȌȈȒȠȈ — ǷȘȈȌȎȈȗȈȚȐ ǬȈȒȠȍȑ; ȉȝȘȐȋț — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒȖȔ ǩȝȘȐȋț; ȗȘȈȌȝȈȕȈȝ — ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȍ; ȗȘȈȌȎȈ-ȐȠȈ — ȊȓȈșȚȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȗȘȈȌȎȍȑ; ȉȝțȚȈ-ȐȠȈ — ȊȓȈșȚȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; șțȘȈ-ȐȠȈ — ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈȔȐ ȕȈȌ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ; ȔțȒȝȑȈȝ — ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȍ; șȈȘȊȍ — Ȋșȍ; ȊȈȑȈȔ — Ȕȣ; ȑȈȚ-ȕȐȑȈȔȈȔ — ȘțȒȖȊȖȌȧȡȍȔț ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗț ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȗȘȈȗȈȕȕȈȝ — ȗȖȌȟȐȕȍȕȕȣȍ; ȔțȘȌȝȕȑȈ ȈȘȗȐȚȈȔ — ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȕȖȍ (șȖ șȒȓȖȕȍȕȕȖȑ) ȋȖȓȖȊȖȑ; ȓȖȒȈȝȐȚȈȔ — ȉȓȈȋȖ ȊșȍȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ; ȊȈȝȈȔȈȝ — ȕȍșȍȔ (ȘțȒȖȊȖȌȧ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ). ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ǫ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȌȊȐ-ȗȈȘȈȘȌȝȐ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȐȋȘȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖȌȝȖȌȧȚ Ȓ ȒȖȕȞț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǪȐȠȕț ȖȌȕȐȔ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȉȘȖȊȍȑ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ ȊșȦ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ, Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȟȐșȓȍ Ȑ ȔȖȦ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ. ȇ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ǬȈȒȠȈ, ǩȝȘȐȋț Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ șȊȧȚȣȍ, ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȖȕȐ șȚȖȧȚ, ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ țȎȍ Ȗ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȧȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȞȈȘȧȝ Ȑ ȋȓȈȊȕȣȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȝ, — Ȋșȍ șȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǪȐȠȕț, Ȑ ȎȌțȚ ǭȋȖ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȑ, ȕȍșțȡȐȝ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȊșȍȔț ȎȐȊȖȔț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (10.34) ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ: ȔȘȐȚȑțȝ șȈȘȊȈ-ȝȈȘȈȠ ȟȈȝȈȔ — ȒȖȋȌȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ șȔȍȘȚȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȧ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ, Ƕȕ ȏȈȉȐȘȈȍȚ ț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȋșȍ. ǰȕȣȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ, ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ, ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ Ȑ Ȋșȍ, ȟȍȔ Ȕȣ ȊȓȈȌȍȍȔ, ȌȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȍȓȧ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ. ǬȖȓȋ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȒȖȘȐȓșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, — ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ ǭȋȖ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧ. ǵȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȊȗȘȈȊȍ ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȋȈȚȤ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȔ. Ǫ șȓȖȎȐȊȠȍȑșȧ șȐȚțȈȞȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȓșȧ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ ǬțȘȊȈșț ǴțȕȐ ȖȚ ȕȍȗȖȉȍȌȐȔȖȑ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ-ȟȈȒȘȣ, ȗȖșȓȈȕȕȖȑ ǹȈȔȐȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 55 ȗȘȈȚȑȈȒȝȑȈȚȖ ȊȐȘȐȕȟȍȕȈ ȊȐȠȕț-ȟȈȒȘȖȗȈȚȈȗȐȚȈȝ ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȚȈȝ ȠȈȘȊȈȔ ȒȈȐȓȈșȈ-ȊȈșȐȕȈȔ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȒȝȑȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚȊȍȘȋȕțȚȣȑ; ȊȐȘȐȕȟȍȕȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȖȑ; ȊȐȠȕț-ȟȈȒȘȈțȗȈȚȈȗȐȚȈȝ — ȖȉȖȎȎȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȓȈȔȍȕȍȔ ȌȐșȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț; ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ; ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ; ȑȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȠȈȘȊȈȔ — Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ; ȒȈȐȓȈșȈ- ȊȈșȐȕȈȔ — Ȓ ȎȐȚȍȓȦ ȔȍșȚȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ DzȈȑȓȈșȖȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȓșȧ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ǬțȘȊȈșȍ, ȚȖȚ, ȕȍȊȣȕȖșȐȔȖ șȚȘȈȌȈȧ ȖȚ ȎȈȘȒȖȋȖ ȗȓȈȔȍȕȐ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ-ȟȈȒȘȣ, ȗȖȗȣȚȈȓșȧ ȕȈȑȚȐ ȏȈȡȐȚț ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊȣ, ȖȉȐȚȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȕȈ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȍ, DzȈȑȓȈșȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 56 ȠȘȐ-ȠȈȕȒȈȘȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȊȈȑȈȔ ȕȈ ȚȈȚȈ ȗȘȈȉȝȈȊȈȔȈ ȉȝțȔȕȐ ȑȈșȔȐȕ ȗȈȘȍ 'ȕȑȍ 'ȗȑ ȈȌȎȈ-ȌȎȐȊȈ-ȒȖȠȈȝ 74


75 ȉȝȈȊȈȕȚȐ ȒȈȓȍ ȕȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȕȚȐ ȝȐȌȘȐȠȈȝ șȈȝȈșȘȈȠȖ ȑȈȚȘȈ ȊȈȑȈȔ ȉȝȘȈȔȈȔȈȝ ȠȘȐ-ȠȈȕȒȈȘȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȊȈȑȈȔ — Ȕȣ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȚȈȚȈ — șȣȕ ȔȖȑ; ȗȘȈȉȝȈȊȈȔȈȝ — ȔȖȎȍȔ (Ȋ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ); ȉȝțȔȕȐ — Ȋ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔ (ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ); ȑȈșȔȐȕ — Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ; ȗȈȘȍ — Ȋ ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖșȚȐ; Ȉȕȑȍ — ȌȘțȋȐȍ; ȈȗȐ — ȌȈȎȍ; ȈȌȎȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ; ȌȎȐȊȈ — ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ; ȒȖȠȈȝ — Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕȚȐ — șȚȈȕȖȊȧȚșȧ; ȒȈȓȍ — ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕȚȐ — șȚȈȕȖȊȧȚșȧ; ȝȐ — ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ; ȐȌȘȐȠȈȝ — ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ; șȈȝȈșȘȈȠȈȝ — ȚȣșȧȟȈȔȐ Ȑ ȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȈȔȐ; ȑȈȚȘȈ — ȋȌȍ; ȊȈȑȈȔ — Ȕȣ; ȉȝȘȈȔȈȔȈȝ — ȊȘȈȡȈȍȔșȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ƕ ȔȖȑ șȣȕ, ȧ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, ȟȚȖ șȒȐȚȈȦȚșȧ ȗȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȋȖȕȐȔȣȍ ȓȖȎȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ Ȗ șȊȖȍȔ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȐ, ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖșȚȖȧȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȖ ȖȌȕȖȔț țȒȈȏȈȕȐȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȦȚ Ȑ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȦȚșȧ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȑ Ȑȝ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȍșȚȤ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ, Ȉ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, Ȑ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ǩȘȈȝȔ, ȀȐȊ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ. Ǫșȍ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȘ Ȑ țȝȖȌȧȚ ȗȖ ȊȣșȠȍȔț ȗȖȊȍȓȍȕȐȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊț. ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȓșȧ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ ǬțȘȊȈșț: ȍȋȖ șȈȔȖȋȖ ȖȗȈȓȧȓȖ șȐȧȕȐȍ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ- ȟȈȒȘȣ, ȗȖșȓȈȕȕȖȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 57 - 59 ȈȝȈȔ șȈȕȈȚ-ȒțȔȈȘȈȠ ȟȈ ȕȈȘȈȌȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȈȌȎȈȝ ȒȈȗȐȓȖ 'ȗȈȕȚȈȘȈȚȈȔȖ ȌȍȊȈȓȖ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ ȈșțȘȐȝ ȔȈȘȐȟȐ-ȗȘȈȔțȒȝȈȠ ȟȈȕȑȍ șȐȌȌȝȍȠȈȝ ȗȈȘȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ ȊȐȌȈȔȈ ȕȈ ȊȈȑȈȔ șȈȘȊȍ ȑȈȕ-ȔȈȑȈȔ ȔȈȑȈȑȈȊȘȐȚȈȝ ȚȈșȑȈ ȊȐȠȊȍȠȊȈȘȈșȑȍȌȈȔ ȠȈșȚȘȈȔ ȌțȘȊȐȠȈȝȈȔ ȝȐ ȕȈȝ ȚȈȔ ȥȊȈȔ ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȝȐ ȝȈȘȐș Țȍ ȠȈȔ ȊȐȌȝȈșȑȈȚȐ ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; șȈȕȈȚ-ȒțȔȈȘȈȝ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȖ DzțȔȈȘȖȊ (ǹȈȕȈȒȈ, ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȈ, ǹȈȕȈȚ Ȑ ǹȈȕȈȕȌȈ); ȕȈȘȈȌȈȝ — ȕȍȉȍșȕȣȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȈȌȎȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; ȒȈȗȐȓȈȝ — șȣȕ ǬȍȊȈȝțȚȐ; ȈȗȈȕȚȈȘȈȚȈȔȈȝ — ǪȤȧșȈȌȍȊȈ; ȌȍȊȈȓȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǬȍȊȈȓȈ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ — ȇȔȈȘȈȌȎȈ; ȈșțȘȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒ ǨșțȘȐ; ȔȈȘȐȟȐ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒȖȔ ǴȈȘȐȟȐ; ȗȘȈȔțȒȝȈȝ — ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȍ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; Ȉȕȑȍ — ȌȘțȋȐȍ; șȐȌȌȝȈ- ȐȠȈȝ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ; ȗȈȘȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ — ȊȐȌȧȡȐȍ ȞȍȓȤ ȊșȧȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ; ȊȐȌȈȔȈȝ — ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȔ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȊȈȑȈȔ — Ȕȣ; șȈȘȊȍ — Ȋșȍ; ȑȈȚ-ȔȈȑȈȔ — ȊȊȖȌȧȡțȦ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȔȈȑȈȑȈ — ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ; ȈȊȘȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖȒȘȣȚȣȍ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ǭȋȖ; ȊȐȠȊȈ-ȐȠȊȈȘȈșȑȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; 75


76 ȠȈșȚȘȈȔ — ȖȘțȎȐȍ (ȌȐșȒ); ȌțȘȊȐȠȈȝȈȔ — ȕȍșȚȍȘȗȐȔȖȍ; ȝȐ — ȊȍȌȤ; ȕȈȝ — ȕȈȔ; ȚȈȔ — Ȓ ǵȍȔț; ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȝȐ — ȐȌȐ ȗȖȌ ȏȈȡȐȚț; ȝȈȘȐȝ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; Țȍ — Țȍȉȍ; ȠȈȔ — ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȊȐȌȝȈșȑȈȚȐ — ȌȈȘțȍȚ. ǷȘȖȠȓȖȍ, ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȍ Ȑ ȉțȌțȡȍȍ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ Ȕȕȍ [ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ], ǹȈȕȈȚ-ȒțȔȈȘț, ǵȈȘȈȌȍ, ȌȖșȚȖȟȚȐȔȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǩȘȈȝȔȍ, DzȈȗȐȓȍ [șȣȕț ǬȍȊȈȝțȚȐ], ǨȗȈȕȚȈȘȈȚȈȔȍ [ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȤȧșȈȌȍȊȍ], ǬȍȊȈȓȍ, ȇȔȈȘȈȌȎȍ, ǨșțȘȐ, ǴȈȘȐȟȐ Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȖȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ Ȗȕ ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȚ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȊșȍȔ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȔ, ȒȚȖ ȌȖșȚȐȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȈȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ ȊȓȐȧȍȚ Ȑ ȕȈ ȕȈș, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȕȣ ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȌȖ ȒȖȕȞȈ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȍȍ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ. ǶȉȘȈȚȐșȤ ȏȈ șȗȈșȍȕȐȍȔ Ȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȐȉȖ Ȕȣ șȈȔȐ ȗȖȌȊȓȈșȚȕȣ ǭȋȖ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȍȟȈȒȘȍ. ǰȌȐ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț, Ȑ Ƕȕ ȕȍȗȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȖȌȈȘȐȚ Țȍȉȧ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȗȖȠȓȍȚ Țȍȉȍ țȌȈȟț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 60 ȚȈȚȖ ȕȐȘȈȠȖ ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ ȗȈȌȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȖ ȑȈȑȈț ȊȈȐȒțȕȚȝȈȒȝȑȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȈȌȝȑȈșȚȍ ȠȘȐȕȐȊȈșȈȝ ȠȘȐȑȈ șȈȝȈ ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȕȐȘȈȠȈȝ — ȘȈȏȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ; ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ; ȗȈȌȈȔ — Ȋ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ — ǪȐȠȕț, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȑȈȑȈț — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ; ȊȈȐȒțȕȚȝȈ-ȈȒȝȑȈȔ — Ȋ ȔȍșȚȖ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ǪȈȑȒțȕȚȝȖȑ; ȑȈȚ — ȋȌȍ; ȈȌȝȑȈșȚȍ — ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ; ȠȘȐȕȐȊȈșȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǪȐȠȕț; ȠȘȐȑȈ — ș ȉȖȋȐȕȍȑ țȌȈȟȐ; șȈȝȈ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ. ǺȈȒ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȖȓțȟȐȊ ȏȈȡȐȚȣ ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊȣ, ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǪȈȑȒțȕȚȝȈ-ȌȝȈȔț, ȋȌȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǵȈȘȈȧȕȈ, ȖȉȐȚȈȍȚ șȖ ǹȊȖȍȑ șțȗȘțȋȖȑ, ȉȖȋȐȕȍȑ țȌȈȟȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 61 șȈȕȌȈȝȑȈȔȈȕȖ 'ȌȎȐȚȈ-ȠȈșȚȘȈ-ȊȈȝȕȐȕȈ ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈ-Ȕțȓȍ ȗȈȚȐȚȈȝ șȈȊȍȗȈȚȝțȝ ȈȝȈȟȑțȚȈȕȈȕȚȈ șȈȌ-ȐȗșȐȚȈ ȗȘȈȉȝȖ ȒȘȐȚȈȋȈșȈȔ ȔȈȊȈȝȐ ȊȐȠȊȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈ șȈȕȌȈȝȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȖȉȎȐȋȈȍȔȣȑ; ȈȌȎȐȚȈ-ȠȈșȚȘȈ-ȊȈȝȕȐȕȈ — ȗȓȈȔȍȕȍȔ, ȐșȝȖȌȧȡȐȔ ȖȚ ȖȘțȎȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈ- Ȕțȓȍ — ț ǭȋȖ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ; ȗȈȚȐȚȈȝ — ȗȈȊȠȐȑ; șȈ-ȊȍȗȈȚȝțȝ — ȚȘȍȗȍȡțȡȐȑ; ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȟȑțȚȈ — Ȗ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȗ ȉȍȏȋȘȍȠȕȣȑ; ȈȕȈȕȚȈ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȧ ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȤ ȉȍȏȔȍȘȕȈ; șȈȚ-ȐȗșȐȚȈ — Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȎȍȓȈȕȕȣȑ Ȍȓȧ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒȖȊ; ȗȘȈȉȝȖ — Ȗ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȑ; ȒȘȐȚȈȈȋȈșȈȔ — ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȍȋȖ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒȈ; ȔȈ — Ȕȍȕȧ; ȈȊȈȝȐ — ȏȈȡȐȚȐ; ȊȐȠȊȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈ — Ȗ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ ȌȖȉȘȈ Ȋșȍȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȋȖȕȐȔȣȑ ȎȈȘȖȔ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ- ȟȈȒȘȣ, ȗȘȐȗȈȓ Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǵȈȘȈȧȕȣ. ǹȖȌȘȖȋȈȧșȤ ȊșȍȔ ȚȍȓȖȔ, Ȗȕ ȏȈȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ: «Ƕ ȕȍȗȖȋȘȍȠȐȔȣȑ, ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȗ ȝȘȈȕȐȚȍȓȤ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ, Ǻȣ — 76


77 ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȔȖȑ, ȧ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒ, ȗȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, ȏȈȡȐȚȐ Ȕȍȕȧ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 62 ȈȌȎȈȕȈȚȈ Țȍ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȒȘȐȚȈȔ ȔȈȑȈȋȝȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈȝ ȗȘȐȑȈȕȈȔ ȊȐȌȝȍȝȐ ȚȈșȑȈȗȈȟȐȚȐȔ ȊȐȌȝȈȚȈȘ ȔțȟȑȍȚȈ ȑȈȕ-ȕȈȔȕȑ țȌȐȚȍ ȕȈȘȈȒȖ 'ȗȐ ȈȌȎȈȕȈȚȈ — ȕȍȏȕȈȦȡȐȔ; Țȍ — ǺȊȖȧ, Ȗ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȔ — ȕȍȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȌȍȕȕȈȧ ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȤ; ȒȘȐȚȈȔ — șȖȌȍȧȕȕȖȍ; ȔȈȑȈ — ȔȕȖȑ; ȈȋȝȈȔ — țȎȈșȕȖȍ ȏȓȖ; ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈȝ — Ǻȍȉȧ, Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȗȘȐȑȈȕȈȔ — șȚȖȗ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȊȐȌȝȍȝȐ — șȌȍȓȈȑ Ȏȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȍ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȥȚȖȋȖ (ȋȘȍȝȈ); ȈȗȈȟȐȚȐȔ — ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ; ȊȐȌȝȈȚȈȝ — Ȗ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ; ȔțȟȑȍȚȈ — ȗțșȚȤ ȉțȌȍȚ șȗȈșȍȕ; ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȕȈȔȕȐ — ȒȖȋȌȈ ȐȔȧ; țȌȐȚȍ — ȗȘȖȉțȎȌȍȕȖ; ȕȈȘȈȒȈȝ ȈȗȐ — ȌȈȎȍ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȓ ȈȌ. Ƕ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȗ ȊȣșȠȐȑ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ, ȕȍ ȊȍȌȈȧ Ȗ ǺȊȖȍȔ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍ, ȧ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȌȖȘȖȋȖȋȖ Ǻȍȉȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǩțȌȤ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊ, șȗȈșȐ Ȕȍȕȧ ȖȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧ. Ǻȣ ȔȖȎȍȠȤ Ȋșȍ, ȐȉȖ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȓ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ Ȋ ȈȌț, Ǻȣ ȔȖȎȍȠȤ șȗȈșȚȐ ȍȋȖ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȊ Ȋ ȍȋȖ șȍȘȌȞȍ ǹȊȖȍ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 63 ȠȘȐ-ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ țȊȈȟȈ ȈȝȈȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȈ-ȗȈȘȈȌȝȐȕȖ ȝȑ ȈșȊȈȚȈȕȚȘȈ ȐȊȈ ȌȊȐȌȎȈ șȈȌȝțȉȝȐȘ ȋȘȈșȚȈ-ȝȘȐȌȈȑȖ ȉȝȈȒȚȈȐȘ ȉȝȈȒȚȈ-ȌȎȈȕȈ-ȗȘȐȑȈȝ ȠȘȐ-ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ țȊȈȟȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȇ; ȉȝȈȒȚȈ-ȗȈȘȈȌȝȐȕȈȝ — ȗȖȌȟȐȕȍȕ ȊȖȓȍ (ǴȖȐȝ) ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȝȐ — ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ; ȈșȊȈȚȈȕȚȘȈȝ — ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȤȦ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈ — Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; șȈȌȝțȉȝȐȝ — ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȐȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ; ȋȘȈșȚȈ-ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȝ — ǴȖȍ șȍȘȌȞȍ Ȋ Ȑȝ ȊȓȈșȚȐ; ȉȝȈȒȚȈȐȝ — ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ; ȉȝȈȒȚȈ-ȌȎȈȕȈ-ȗȘȐȑȈȝ — ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȣȑ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȚ ȊȖȓȐ ǴȖȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȖȚ ȊȖȓȐ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ ǴȖȍȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț (ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ ǴȖȍȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȘȖȋ Ǵȕȍ). ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȒȈȏȈȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕț: ȇ ȊșȍȞȍȓȖ ȕȈȝȖȎțșȤ ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ ǴȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǵȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ț Ǵȍȕȧ ȕȍȚ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȐ. ǴȖȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȇ ȕȈȝȖȎțșȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ Ȑȝ șȍȘȌȞȈȝ. ǿȚȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȕȐȝ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȌȈȎȍ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ ǴȖȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȘȖȋȐ Ǵȕȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫșȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ Ȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȐ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔț Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊț, ȗȖȌȊȓȈșȚȕȣ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȖ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȌȊȓȈșȚȍȕ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ. ǷȖȟȍȔț? ǷȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ — ȈȕȑȈȉȝȐȓȈȠȐȚȈ- ȠțȕȑȈ, Ȋ ȍȋȖ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȕȍȚ ȔȍșȚȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧȔ. ǭȋȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ — ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌțȔȈȚȤ Ȗ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ Ȑ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ȓțȟȠȍ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǭȔț. ȅȚȐȔ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȖȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȏȈȊȖȍȊȣȊȈȦȚ ȉȓȈȋȖșȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ 77


78 ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȐȚ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȓ ȕȐȔ, ȕȖ ȌȈȎȍ Ȓ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȖȚȚȈȔȈ ȌȈș ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȟȝȈȌȐȑȈ ȊȈȐȠȕȈȊȈ-șȍȊȈ ȕȐșȚȈȘȈ ȗȈȑȍȟȝȍ ȒȍȉȈ — ȕȍ șȚȈȊ șȓțȋȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ șȍȚȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȑ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ Ȗ ǹȍȉȍ ȒȈȒ Ȗ ȋȖȗȐȉȝȈȘȚțȝ ȗȈȌȈ-ȒȈȔȈȓȈȑȖȘ ȌȈșȈ-ȌȈșȈȕțȌȈșȈȝ . ȅȚȐȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ Ƕȕ țȟȐȚ ȕȈș ȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ șȚȘȍȔȐȚȤșȧ șȚȈȚȤ ȕȍ șȓțȋȈȔȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȉ șȓțȋȈȔȐ ǭȋȖ șȓțȋ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȍ, ǵȈȘȈȌȍ, ǪȤȧșȈȌȍȊȍ Ȑ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, șȓțȎȈȚ ǹȈȔȖȔț DzȘȐȠȕȍ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ șȓțȋȖȑ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ, ǪȤȧșȣ Ȑ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ șȌȍȓȈȓȐ ȠȍșȚȍȘȖ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȘȈȏȖȊȤȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȍ ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȤȠțȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȑȈșȑȈ ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȌ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ-ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȝ — ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍ șȓțȎȐȚ șȊȖȍȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ, Ȗȕ ȕȍȗȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȖȉȘȍȚȍȚ ȉȓȈȋȖșȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȈȎȕȖ, ȟȍȔ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 64 ȕȈȝȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȈȠȈșȍ ȔȈȌ-ȉȝȈȒȚȈȐȝ șȈȌȝțȉȝȐȘ ȊȐȕȈ ȠȘȐȑȈȔ ȟȈȚȑȈȕȚȐȒȐȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȑȍȠȈȔ ȋȈȚȐȘ ȈȝȈȔ ȗȈȘȈ ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȇ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ; ȈȠȈșȍ — ȎȍȓȈȦ; ȔȈȚȉȝȈȒȚȈȐȝ — Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ Ǵȕȍ; șȈȌȝțȉȝȐȝ — ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒȖȊ; ȊȐȕȈ — ȉȍȏ; ȠȘȐȑȈȔ — ȠȍșȚȤ ǴȖȐȝ ȌȖșȚȖȧȕȐȑ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈȚȑȈȕȚȐȒȐȔ — ȊȣșȠȐȍ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ — Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȑȍȠȈȔ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ; ȋȈȚȐȝ — ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȇ; ȗȈȘȈ — ȊȣșȠȍȍ. Ƕ ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȉȍȏ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ț ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȕȍȚ ȐȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ, ȒȘȖȔȍ Ǵȍȕȧ, ȇ ȕȍ ȝȖȟț ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȕȍȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȌȍȕȕȣȔ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȈȔȖȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȍȕ, ȕȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖȔ Ƕȕ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȔȍșȚȍ șȖ ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ. ǪȖ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȍ, ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȝȖȚȧ DzȘȐȠȕȈ șȈȔȖȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȍȕ, Ƕȕ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țșȐȓȐȚȤ ǹȊȖȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ, ȐȡȍȚ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ — ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȖȊ-ȗȈșȚțȠȒȖȊ Ȑ ȋȖȗȐ . ǿȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȍ ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȘȖȋȐ ǭȔț. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖȔ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȕȖ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ƕȕ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕ, Ƕȕ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ țȊȍȓȐȟȐȚȤ ȟȐșȓȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȌȖ ȉȍșȒȖȕȍȟȕȖșȚȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ƕȕ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ, ȎȍȓȈȧ ȗȖȉțȌȐȚȤ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ Ȑ ȊȖșșȚȈȊȠȐȝ ȗȘȖȚȐȊ ǵȍȋȖ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț. Ƕȕ ȗȘȖșȐȚ Ȑȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ǭȔț, ȐȉȖ Ƕȕ, ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȣȑ, ȝȖȟȍȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȓȖșȤ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ. ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ șȚȈȘȈȍȚșȧ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȟȐșȓȖ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȘȖșȓȖ. ǵȍȚ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȑ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȥȚȖ ǭȋȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ, ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȍȚ șȍȉȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǽȖȚȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȊșȍȔȐ ȠȍșȚȤȦ ȌȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧȔȐ, Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȍȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ ȉȍȏ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǯȌȍșȤ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ: ȍșȓȐ ț ȉȖȋȈȚȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȍȚ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, ȍȋȖ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȚ ȍȔț ȘȈȌȖșȚȐ. ǰ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐșȗȣȚȈȚȤ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ, ȚȈȒȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ țșȣȕȖȊȓȧȦȚ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ. ǿȐșȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȈ ȕȈțȒȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȚȈȘȈȍȚșȧ țȊȍȓȐȟȐȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. 78


79 ǺǭDzǹǺ 65 ȑȍ ȌȈȘȈȋȈȘȈ-ȗțȚȘȈȗȚȈȗȘȈȕȈȕ ȊȐȚȚȈȔ ȐȔȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȝȐȚȊȈ ȔȈȔ ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȚȈȝ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȚȈȔș ȚȑȈȒȚțȔ țȚșȈȝȍ ȑȍ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ (ǴȖȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ); ȌȈȘȈ — Ȏȍȕț; ȈȋȈȘȈ — ȌȖȔ; ȗțȚȘȈ — ȌȍȚȍȑ (șȣȕȖȊȍȑ); ȈȗȚȈ — ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȖȊ (ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ); ȗȘȈȕȈȕ — Ȑ ȎȐȏȕȤ; ȊȐȚȚȈȔ — ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ; ȐȔȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȗȖȗȈșȚȤ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ ȐȓȐ șȓȐȚȤșȧ ș ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ; ȝȐȚȊȈ — ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ (Ȋșȍ șȊȖȍ ȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȖ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȈȔȉȐȞȐȐ); ȔȈȔ — ȒȖ Ǵȕȍ; ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ; ȑȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȠȍȌȠȐȍ; ȒȈȚȝȈȔ — ȒȈȒ; ȚȈȕ — Țȍȝ; ȚȑȈȒȚțȔ — ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ; țȚșȈȝȍ — ȘȍȠțșȤ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȘȈȌȐ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ Ǵȕȍ ȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ șȊȖȐ ȌȖȔȈ, Ȏȍȕ, ȌȍȚȍȑ, ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȖȊ Ȑ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ, Ȉ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ Ȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȖȕȐ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȦȚ ȌțȔȈȚȤ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ țȓțȟȠȐȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȦȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȐȓȐ șȓȍȌțȦȡțȦ, ȒȈȒ ȇ ȔȖȋț Ȑȝ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȧ ǭȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȑȈ-ȌȍȊȈȑȈ ȋȖ-ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ-ȝȐȚȈȑȈ ȟȈ . ȅȚȖ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȏȈȉȖȚȐȚșȧ Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȝ . ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ Ȏȍ, ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, ȕȖ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȍ ȔȖȋ ȗȖȎȍȘȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȊșȍȔ ȘȈȌȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȑȖȋȐ- ȔȐșȚȐȒȐ ȕȈ ȗȖȊȍȘȒț ȥȋȖȐșȚȐȟȕȣ. ȅȚȖ ȊȐȌȕȖ ȕȈ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ ǴțȕȐ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ șȖȏȌȈȓ ȌȍȔȖȕȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȉȐȚȤ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț, ȞȈȘȤ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍ ȠȍȓȖȝȕțȓșȧ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȔȖȓȐȓșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȓȈȋȈȧșȤ ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ. ǵȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȘȈ șȚȈȓȈ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ǬțȘȊȈșț ǴțȕȐ, ȚȖȚ ȚȈȒ ȐșȗțȋȈȓșȧ, ȟȚȖ șȚȈȓ ȔȍȚȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖ Ȋșȍȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȕȈȌȍȧșȤ șȗȘȧȚȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȔ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ țȒȘȖȔȕȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ. ǩȖȧșȤ ȏȈ șȊȖȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȖșȐȓ ȗȖȔȖȡȐ ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊȣ Ȑ ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ ț ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ƕȕ ȚȈȒ ȌȖȘȖȎȐȓ șȊȖȐȔ ȚȍȓȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȘȈȌȐ ȕȍȋȖ ȝȖȚȍȓ țȉȐȚȤ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ . ȅȚȖ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȕȍ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ țȔȍȕ, Ȉ ȒȈȒ ȕȍțȔȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȏȈȘțȟȐȚȤșȧ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ? ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȉȘȖșȈȦȚ Ȋșȍ ȘȈȌȐ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǭȔț. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȌȖȔț, Ȏȍȕȍ, ȌȍȚȧȔ, ȌȘțȏȤȧȔ, ȖȉȡȍșȚȊț Ȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ (ȌȈȘȈȋȈȘȈ-ȗțȚȘȈȗȚȍ) ȕȍ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȌȖȉȐȚȤșȧ ȉȓȈȋȖșȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ șȍȔȍȑȕȖȔț ȖȟȈȋț, ȊȐȌȧ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȑ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ. ǩȣȊȈȍȚ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ, ȟȚȖ ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȗȖ ȗȘȐȊȣȟȒȍ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ Ȏȍȕȍ, ȌȍȚȧȔ Ȑ ȌȖȔț Ȑ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȒȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȓțȟȠȍ. Ǭȓȧ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚ șȗȖșȖȉ ȖȚȖȉȘȈȚȤ ȚȖ, Ȓ ȟȍȔț Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȑ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ ȓȖȎȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ Ȏȍȕȍ, ȌȖȔț, ȌȍȚȧȔ, ȌȘțȏȤȧȔ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȍȔț. ǺȈȒȖȊȈ ȖșȖȉȈȧ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȓȐȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȗȖȔȖȋȈȧ ȍȔț ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 66 ȔȈȑȐ ȕȐȘȉȈȌȌȝȈ-ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȝ șȈȌȝȈȊȈȝ șȈȔȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ 79


80 ȊȈȠȍ ȒțȘȊȈȕȚȐ ȔȈȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ șȈȚ-șȚȘȐȑȈȝ șȈȚ-ȗȈȚȐȔ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȔȈȑȐ — ȊȖ Ǵȕȍ; ȕȐȘȉȈȌȌȝȈ-ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȝ — șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȟȕȣȔȐ țȏȈȔȐ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȐȕȍ șȍȘȌȞȈ; șȈȌȝȈȊȈȝ — ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ; șȈȔȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ — ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȍșȧ Ȓ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț; ȊȈȠȍ — ȗȖȌ ȊȓȈșȚȤ; ȒțȘȊȈȕȚȐ — ȗȘȐȊȖȌȧȚ; ȔȈȔ — Ǵȍȕȧ; ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ — ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ; șȈȚ- șȚȘȐȑȈȝ — ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ; șȈȚ-ȗȈȚȐȔ — ȏȈȉȖȚȓȐȊȖȋȖ ȔțȎȈ; ȑȈȚȝȈ — ȒȈȒ. DzȈȒ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȈ ȗȖȒȖȘȧȍȚ ȉȓȈȋȖȘȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȔțȎȈ șȊȖȐȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȍȔț, ȚȈȒ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȣ Ȓ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț Ȑ ȊșȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȍȔ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȣ ȒȖ Ǵȕȍ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȘȈșȗȖȘȧȎȈȦȚșȧ ǴȕȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȊȈȎȕȣ șȓȖȊȈ șȈȔȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ . ǿȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ, ȒȈȒ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌȋȐȚȍ» (18.54): ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȝ ȗȘȈșȈȕȕȈȚȔȈ ȕȈ ȠȖȟȈȚȐ ȕȈ ȒȈȕȒȠȈȚȐ șȈȔȈȝ șȈȘȊȍȠț ȉȝțȚȍȠț . ǪșȍȖȉȡȍȍ ȉȘȈȚșȚȊȖ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȓȐȠȤ Ȋ ȚȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ, ȍșȓȐ ȓȦȌȐ șȚȈȕțȚ ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ (ȗȈȕȌȐȚȈȝ șȈȔȈ-ȌȈȘȠȐȕȈȝ) . ǿȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ șȊȖȍ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȏȕȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ȏȕȈȍȚ, ȒȈȒȐȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ șȊȧȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, Ȗȕ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȖȊȓȈȌȍȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ șȚțȗȍȕȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ (ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȝ) . ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊȐȌȐȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ. Ƕȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ șȟȈșȚȤȍ Ȑ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ șȟȈșȚȤȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȗȕ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȍȚ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȟȈșȚȤȍȔ Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȝ, Ȉ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȚ ȍȔț ȉȖȓȤ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ Ȍȓȧ ȌȘțȋȐȝ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȍ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȚȤ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȠȖȟȍ ȚȈȚȖ ȊȐȔțȒȝȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈ ȐȕȌȘȐȑȈȘȚȝȈȔȈȑȈ-șțȒȝȈȑȈ ȉȝȈȘȈȔ țȌȊȈȝȈȚȖ ȊȐȔțȌȝȈȕ ǩȝȈȋ., 7.9.43 dzȦȌȐ șȚȘȈȌȈȦȚ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȐȑ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȘȈȊȕȖȌțȠȕȣ Ȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȋȓȈȊȕȈȧ ȏȈȉȖȚȈ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ — ȊȖȏȊȍșȚȐ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȕȈ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 67 ȔȈȚ-șȍȊȈȑȈ ȗȘȈȚȐȚȈȔ Țȍ șȈȓȖȒȑȈȌȐ-ȟȈȚțȠȚȈȑȈȔ ȕȍȟȟȝȈȕȚȐ șȍȊȈȑȈ ȗțȘȕȈȝ ȒțȚȖ 'ȕȑȈȚ ȒȈȓȈ-ȊȐȗȓțȚȈȔ ȔȈȚ-șȍȊȈȑȈ — ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȣȔȐ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ Ǵȕȍ; ȗȘȈȚȐȚȈȔ — ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȔȖȍ ȉȍȏ țșȐȓȐȑ; Țȍ — Țȍ (ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȣ); șȈȓȖȒȑȈ-ȈȌȐ- ȟȈȚțȠȚȈȑȈȔ — ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȊȐȌȖȊ: șȈȓȖȒȤȧ, șȈȘțȗȤȧ, șȈȔȐȗȤȧ Ȑ șȈȘȠȚȐ (ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ țȎȍ Ȗ șȈȦȌȎȤȍ ); ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȐȟȟȝȈȕȚȐ — ȎȍȓȈȦȚ; șȍȊȈȑȈ — (ȖȌȕȐȔ ȓȐȠȤ) ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ 80


81 șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ; ȗțȘȕȈȝ — ȕȈȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȍ; ȒțȚȈȝ — ȖȚȒțȌȈ; ȈȕȑȈȚ — ȌȘțȋȖȍ; ȒȈȓȈȊȐȗȓțȚȈȔ — ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ș ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȒȖȕȞț. ǴȖȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȕȧȚȣȍ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ Ǵȕȍ, ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȚ ȚȈȒȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖ șȚȈȕȖȊȧȚșȧ ȘȈȊȕȖȌțȠȕȣȔȐ ȌȈȎȍ Ȓ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȔ ȊȐȌȈȔ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ [șȈȓȖȒȤȍ, șȈȘțȗȤȍ, șȈȔȐȗȤȍ Ȑ șȈȘȠȚȐ], ȝȖȚȧ ȥȚȐ ȊȐȌȣ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ Ȓ ȕȐȔ șȈȔȐ șȖȉȖȑ. ǿȚȖ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȗȘȐȏȘȈȟȕȖȔ șȟȈșȚȤȍ ȊȖȏȕȍșȍȕȐȧ ȕȈ ȊȣșȠȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐȓȈ ǩȐȓȊȈȔȈȕȋȈȓȈ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȌȈȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȚȈȒțȦ ȖȞȍȕȒț: ȔțȒȚȐȝ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȔțȒțȓȐȚȈȕȌȎȈȓȐȝ șȍȊȈȚȍ 'șȔȈȕ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȘȚȝȈ-ȒȈȔȈ-ȋȈȚȈȑȈȝ șȈȔȈȑȈ-ȗȘȈȚȐȒȠȈȝ Ƕȕ ȖșȖȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȐȌȍȚ ȗȖ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔț Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȗțȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȚȖ ȔțȒȚȐ ȉțȌȍȚ șȚȖȧȚȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ șȖ șȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȓȈȌȖȕȧȔȐ, ȋȖȚȖȊȖȍ ȊșȧȟȍșȒȐ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ȍȔț. ǰȕȣȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ țȎȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕ. ǭȔț ȕȍȚ ȕțȎȌȣ șȚȘȍȔȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȘȈȏȕȣȔ ȊȐȌȈȔ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ. Dz ȟȐșȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ șȈȔȖ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȍȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 68 șȈȌȝȈȊȖ ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ ȔȈȝȑȈȔ șȈȌȝțȕȈȔ ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ ȚȊ ȈȝȈȔ ȔȈȌ-ȈȕȑȈȚ Țȍ ȕȈ ȌȎȈȕȈȕȚȐ ȕȈȝȈȔ ȚȍȉȝȑȖ ȔȈȕȈȋ ȈȗȐ șȈȌȝȈȊȈȝ — ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ; ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ — Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ; ȔȈȝȑȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ Ǵȍȕȧ; șȈȌȝțȕȈȔ — ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ — Ȋ șȈȔȖȔ șȍȘȌȞȍ; Țț — ȊȖȐșȚȐȕț; ȈȝȈȔ — ȇ; ȔȈȚ-ȈȕȑȈȚ — ȕȐȒȖȋȖ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ Ǵȍȕȧ; Țȍ — ȖȕȐ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȌȎȈȕȈȕȚȐ — ȏȕȈȦȚ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȇ; ȚȍȉȝȑȈȝ — ȒȘȖȔȍ ȕȐȝ; ȔȈȕȈȒ ȈȗȐ — ȌȈȎȍ ȕȈ șȈȔțȦ ȔȈȓȖșȚȤ. ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ Ȋ ǴȖȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȍ, Ȉ ȇ ȊșȍȋȌȈ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǴȖȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȕȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȏȕȈȚȤ ȕȐ Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȌȘțȋȖȔ, ȒȘȖȔȍ Ǵȍȕȧ, Ȉ ȇ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȦ ȕȐȒȖȋȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȕȐȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȚȤ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț, ȐȕȣȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ, Ȗȕ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȐȚȤ ȉȖȓȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȐȉȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: șȈȌȝȈȊȖ ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ ȔȈȝȑȈȔ — «ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ Ȋ ǴȖȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȍ». Ǫ ǹȊȖȍȔ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ Ȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȖȚȞț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȟțȊșȚȊțȍȚ ȉȖȓȤ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȉȖȓȤȕȖ ȍȋȖ ȘȍȉȍȕȒț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧ, ȕȈȕȍșȍȕȕȣȍ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȟȘȍȊȈȚȣ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȧȎȒȐȔȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧȔȐ. ǿȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȖȟȍȕȤ șȚȘȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌțȗȘȍȎȌȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȧȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǺȈȒȖȍ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȍ Ƕȕ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȓ ș ȉȍȠȍȕȣȔ șȓȖȕȖȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȚȖȘȋȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȈȌ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȈȍȚ ȍȋȖ. ǵțȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖșȚȖȘȖȎȕȣȔ, ȚȡȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȐȏȉȍȋȈȧ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȑ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȕȐ Ȋ ȟȍȔ ȊȐȕȖȊȈȚ, Ȑ ǬțȘȊȈșȍ ǴțȕȐ ȕȍ ȏȈ ȟȚȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȍȋȖ ȕȈȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȥȒȈȌȈȠȐ-ȗȈȘȈȕț, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȧȊȓȧȓȈșȤ ȟȈșȚȤȦ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȊȣȗȐȓ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȌȣ. ǵȖ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ 81


82 - ȔȐșȚȐȒ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ Ȓ ȟȍȔț. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȈ ȔȍȎȌț ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȔ ȏȕȈȚȖȒȖȔ ǪȍȌ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȧșȤ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȚ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧ ȖȚ ǵȍȋȖ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (10.11) ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǹȈȔ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ ȥȚȖ: ȚȍȠȈȔ ȥȊȈȕțȒȈȔȗȈȘȚȝȈȔ ȈȝȈȔ ȈȌȎȕȈȕȈȌȎȈȔ ȚȈȔȈȝ ȕȈȠȈȑȈȔȑ ȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈșȚȝȖ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȌȐȗȍȕȈ ȉȝȈșȊȈȚȈ «ǰȏ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȓ ȕȐȔ ȇ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ Ȋ Ȑȝ șȍȘȌȞȈȝ, ȜȈȒȍȓȖȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȘȈșșȍȐȊȈȦ ȚȤȔț, ȘȖȎȌȍȕȕțȦ Ȑȏ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ». ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǪȈȐȠȕȈȊȍȘȈ ȒȘȐȑȈ ȔțȌȘȈ ȊȐȌȎȕȍȝȈ ȕȈ ȉțȌȎȝȈȑȈ — ȌȈȎȍ șȈȔȣȑ ȊȣȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ Ȑ ȖȗȣȚȕȣȑ țȟȍȕȣȑ ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȐ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ, ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖșțȎȌȈȚȤ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ . ǪȈȑȠȕȈȊ ȏȕȈȍȚ șȊȖȍ ȌȍȓȖ. dzȦȉȖȑ ȍȋȖ ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȍȕ, ȐȉȖ Ȗȕ Ȋșȍ ȌȍȓȈȍȚ, ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȧșȤ ȊȖȓȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 69 țȗȈȑȈȔ ȒȈȚȝȈȑȐȠȑȈȔȐ ȚȈȊȈ ȊȐȗȘȈ ȠȘȐȕțȠȊȈ ȚȈȚ ȈȑȈȔ ȝȑ ȈȚȔȈȉȝȐȟȈȘȈș Țȍ ȑȈȚȈș ȚȈȔ ȑȈȝȐ ȔȈ ȟȐȘȈȔ șȈȌȝțȠț ȗȘȈȝȐȚȈȔ ȚȍȌȎȈȝ ȗȘȈȝȈȘȚțȝ ȒțȘțȚȍ 'ȠȐȊȈȔ țȗȈȑȈȔ — șȗȖșȖȉ (șȗȈșȚȐșȤ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȖȗȈșȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ); ȒȈȚȝȈȑȐȠȑȈȔȐ — ȖȉȢȧșȕȦ; ȚȈȊȈ — ȚȊȖȑ (ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȣȑ Ȍȓȧ șȗȈșȍȕȐȧ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȑ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȐ); ȊȐȗȘȈ — Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȠȘȐȕțȠȊȈ — țșȓȣȠȤ; ȚȈȚ — ȚȖ (ȟȚȖ ȇ șȒȈȎț); ȈȑȈȔ — ȥȚȖȚ (ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȚȖȉȖȑ); ȝȐ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȈȉȝȐȟȈȘȈȝ — ȏȈȊȐșȚȤ Ȓ șȈȔȖȔț șȍȉȍ (ȚȊȖȑ țȔ șȚȈȓ ȚȊȖȐȔ ȊȘȈȋȖȔ); Țȍ — ȚȊȖȧ; ȑȈȚȈȝ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ; ȚȈȔ — Ȓ ȕȍȔț (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ); ȑȈȝȐ — ȐȌȐ Ȏȍ; ȔȈ ȟȐȘȈȔ — ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ; șȈȌȝțȠț — ȗȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ; ȗȘȈȝȐȚȈȔ — ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȍ; ȚȍȌȎȈȝ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ; ȗȘȈȝȈȘȚțȝ — șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȡȍȋȖ; ȒțȘțȚȍ — șȖȏȌȈȍȚ; ȈȠȐȊȈȔ — ȕȍȉȓȈȋȖȗȘȐȧȚȕȣȑ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ. Ƕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȗȖȏȊȖȓȤ Ǵȕȍ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȌȈȚȤ Țȍȉȍ șȗȈșȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ șȖȊȍȚ. ǷȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, ȊȣșȓțȠȈȑ Ǵȍȕȧ. ǶșȒȖȘȉȐȊ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț, Țȣ ȕȈȊȘȍȌȐȓ șȈȔ șȍȉȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȚȗȘȈȊȓȧȑșȧ Ȓ ȕȍȔț șȍȑȟȈș Ȏȍ, ȉȍȏ ȔȈȓȍȑȠȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȔȍȌȓȍȕȐȧ. dzȦȉȖȍ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȚȐȊ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȕȈȊȘȍȌȐȚ ȓȐȠȤ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȚȍȓȦ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǰ șȚȘȈȌȈȚȤ ȉțȌȍȚ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȚȍȓȤ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȋȖ Ȗȕ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȍȕȈȊȐȌȐȚ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊ — ȥȚȖ ȍȋȖ șȣȕ. Dz ȗȘȐȔȍȘț, ȌȍȔȖȕ ǽȐȘȈȕȤȧȒȈȠȐȗț ȊȖȏȕȍȕȈȊȐȌȍȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌț, ȕȖ ȥȚȈ ȕȍȕȈȊȐșȚȤ ȗȖȋțȉȐȓȈ ȍȋȖ șȈȔȖȋȖ, Ȉ ȕȍ ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌț. DzȈȎȌȣȑ ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ ǽȐȘȈȕȤȧȒȈȠȐȗț, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȖȚȐȊ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȈ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌȣ, ȉȖȓȤȦ ȖȚȏȣȊȈȓșȧ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǽȐȘȈȕȤȧȒȈȠȐȗț țȎȍ ȉȣȓ ȋȖȚȖȊ țȉȐȚȤ ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǹȈȔ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȑ țȉȐȓ ǽȐȘȈȕȤȧȒȈȠȐȗț. ǿȍȔ 82


83 ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ șȓțȎȐȚ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊț, ȚȍȔ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȗȕ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ. ǰ ȕȈȖȉȖȘȖȚ, ȍșȓȐ ȒȚȖ-ȚȖ ȊȘȍȌȐȚ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊț, ȥȚȖ Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ ȍȋȖ Ȓ ȗȈȌȍȕȐȦ. ǬȈȎȍ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ Ȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ, ȒȈȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȖȒȈȏȈȓșȧ Ȋ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȐ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȗȕ ȕȈȕȍș ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ, ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 70 ȚȈȗȖ ȊȐȌȑȈ ȟȈ ȊȐȗȘȈȕȈȔ ȕȐȝȠȘȍȑȈșȈ-ȒȈȘȍ țȉȝȍ Țȍ ȥȊȈ ȌțȘȊȐȕȐȚȈșȑȈ ȒȈȓȗȍȚȍ ȒȈȘȚțȘ ȈȕȑȈȚȝȈ ȚȈȗȈȝ — ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ; ȊȐȌȑȈ — ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȟȈ — Ȑ ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȊȐȗȘȈȕȈȔ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; ȕȐȝȠȘȍȑȈșȈ — ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ șȗȖșȖȉșȚȊțȍȚ ȗȘȖȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȦ; ȒȈȘȍ — ȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ; țȉȝȍ — Ȗȉȍ; Țȍ — ȥȚȐ (ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ); ȥȊȈ — ȐȔȍȕȕȖ; ȌțȘȊȐȕȐȚȈșȑȈ — ȉȍșȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ; ȒȈȓȗȍȚȍ — șȚȈȕȖȊȧȚșȧ; ȒȈȘȚțȝ — ȗȖșȚțȗȈȦȡȍȋȖ; ȈȕȑȈȚȝȈ — Ȋ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȖșȚȤ. Ǭȓȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȈșȒȍȚȐȏȔ Ȑ țȟȍȕȖșȚȤ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȚȕȣ. ǵȖ ȍșȓȐ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȚȍȓȤ ȥȚȐȝ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȍȚ, ȒȈȒ șȍȉȧ ȊȍșȚȐ, ȖȕȐ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖȗȈșȕȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǫȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȣȑ ȒȈȔȍȕȤ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȑ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȕȖ, ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ țȒȘȈȠȈȍȚ ȋȖȓȖȊț ȏȔȍȐ, Ȗȕ ȖȗȈșȍȕ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ șȊȖȦ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȤ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȝ țșȗȍȝȖȊ Ȋ ȕȈțȒȍ ȐȓȐ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȈșȒȍȚȐȟȕȣȔ, ȍȋȖ țșȗȍȝȐ ȖȗȈșȕȣ Ȍȓȧ ȊșȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǺȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ, ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȐȏȖȉȘȍȓȐ ȈȚȖȔȕȖȍ ȖȘțȎȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȋȘȖȏȐȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊț țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȍȔ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ: ȔȈȕȐȕȈ ȉȝțȠȐȚȈȝ șȈȘȗȈȝ ȒȐȔ ȈșȈț ȕȈ ȉȝȈȑȈȕȒȈȘȈȝ — ȏȔȍȧ ș ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȣȔ ȒȈȔȕȍȔ ȕȈ ȋȖȓȖȊȍ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȖȗȈșȕȈ, ȟȍȔ ȏȔȍȧ ȉȍȏ ȒȈȔȕȧ. ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȉȣȓ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȏȕȈȦȡȐȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ Ȑ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ șȐȓȖȑ, ȕȖ ȍȔț ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȊȈȓȖ țȔȍȕȐȧ ȊȍșȚȐ șȍȉȧ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȓ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ șȊȖȐȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, Ȑ ȉȣȓ ȒȘȈȑȕȍ ȖȗȈșȍȕ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȐȚ Ȓ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚ șȊȖȦ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒțȦ șȐȓț ȘȈȌȐ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ Ȟȍȓȍȑ Ȑ ȋȘȖȏȐȚ ȍȦ ȌȘțȋȐȔ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȗȖ ȏȈȒȖȕȈȔ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȏȓȖțȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȐȍ șȐȓȖȑ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȊȘȍȌ ȕȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊț, Ȉ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȚȍȓȦ ȥȚȖȑ șȐȓȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 71 ȉȘȈȝȔȈȔș ȚȈȌ ȋȈȟȟȝȈ ȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ Țȍ ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈ-ȚȈȕȈȑȈȔ ȕȘȐȗȈȔ ȒȠȈȔȈȗȈȑȈ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȔ ȚȈȚȈȝ ȠȈȕȚȐȘ ȉȝȈȊȐȠȑȈȚȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ — Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȚȈȚ — ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȋȈȟȟȝȈ — ȐȌȐ; ȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ — Ȋșȍȝ ȉȓȈȋ; Țȍ — Țȍȉȍ; ȕȈȉȝȈȋȈ-ȚȈȕȈȑȈȔ — Ȓ șȣȕț ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ; ȕȘȐȗȈȔ — Ȓ ȞȈȘȦ (ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ); ȒȠȈȔȈȗȈȑȈ — țȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȐ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȔ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ; ȠȈȕȚȐȝ — ȔȐȘ; ȉȝȈȊȐȠȑȈȚȐ — ȕȈșȚțȗȐȚ. 83


84 Ƕ ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ ȐȌȐ Ȓ ȞȈȘȦ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ, șȣȕț ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǵȈȉȝȈȋȐ. ǮȍȓȈȦ Țȍȉȍ țȌȈȟȐ. ǭșȓȐ Țȣ șțȔȍȍȠȤ țȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȐȚȤ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț, Ȓ Țȍȉȍ ȊȍȘȕȍȚșȧ ȗȖȒȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ șȊȧȏȐ ǴȈȌȝȊȈ ǴțȕȐ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ ȚȈȒȐȍ șȚȐȝȐ Ȑȏ «ǫȈȘțȌȈȗțȘȈȕȣ»: ȉȘȈȝȔȈȌȐ-ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȒȖȚȑ-ȈȔȠȈȌ ȈȔȠȖ ȕȈȐȊȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȒȍ ȕȈȐȊȈȕȑȈșȑȈ ȟȈȒȘȈșȑȈȗȐ ȚȈȚȝȈȗȐ ȝȈȘȐȘ ȐȠȊȈȘȈȝ ȚȈȚȒȈȓȐȒȖȗȈȟȍȑȈȚȊȈȚ ȚȍȠȈȔ ȑȈȠȈșȈ ȈȌȐȘȈȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȌȈȑȈȠ ȟȈ ȚȈȚ-ȒȐȘȚȐȔ ȊȑȈȕȌȎȈȑȈȔ ȈșțȘ țȚȚȈȔȈȔ ȔȖȝȈȕȈȑȈ ȟȈ ȌȈȐȚȑȈȕȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȌȍ ȕȐȕȌȈȕȈȑȈ ȟȈ ȈȕȑȈȘȚȝȈȔ ȟȈ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȊȐȠȕțȘ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȌȑȈȠ ȟȈ ȕȐȘȈȠȐȠȈȝ ȔȈȕțȠȍȠțȚȚȈȔȈȚȊȈȟ ȟȈ ȚȍȠȈȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈȌȐȉȝȐȘ ȋțȕȈȐȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȌȍȘ ȊȐȠȕȊ-ȈȌȝȐȕȈȚȊȈ ȌȎȕȈȗȈȕȈȑȈ ȟȈ ȒȍȊȈȓȈȔ ȌțȘȊȈșȈȠ ȟȈ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȘțȌȘȈș ȚȈȚȝȈȗȑ ȈȕȑȈȑȈȔ țȒȚȈȊȈȕ ȚȈșȑȈȗȑ ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȈȘȚȝȈȑȈ ȌȈȘȗȈ-ȕȈȠȈȘȚȝȈȔ ȥȊȈ ȟȈ ǻȘȖȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȐȏȊȓȍȟȤ Ȑȏ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈ Ȗ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ Ȑ ǬțȘȊȈșȍ ǴțȕȐ, șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔț Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊț, ȗȖȌȊȓȈșȚȕȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ, ȕȈȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ǹȈȔ ǪȐȠȕț, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǰ ȕȐȒȚȖ — ȕȐ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȕȐ ȀȐȊȈ — ȕȍ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǬȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «DzȈȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț».

Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɩɹɬɚɹ. ɋɩɚɫɟɧɢɟ Ⱦɭɪɜɚɫɵ Ɇɭɧɢ Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȊȖȏȕȖșȐȚ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȍ-ȟȈȒȘȍ, Ȑ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȘȈ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȖ ȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ Ȋ ȗȖȒȖȍ ǬțȘȊȈșț ǴțȕȐ.

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85 ǷȖ ȊȍȓȍȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ șȘȈȏț ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ Ȑ ȗȘȐȗȈȓ Ȓ ȍȋȖ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ. ǹȔȐȘȍȕȕȣȑ Ȑ șȒȘȖȔȕȣȑ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȉȣȓ șȔțȡȍȕ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ șȒȓȖȕȐȓșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȈȟȈȓ ȔȖȓȐȚȤ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕț-ȟȈȒȘț Ȗ șȗȈșȍȕȐȐ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ. ǿȚȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȘȈ? ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȘȈ — ȥȚȖ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ Ƕȕ șȖȏȌȈȍȚ ȊȍșȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ. ǹȈ ȈȐȒȠȈȚȈ, șȈ ȈșȘȐȌȎȈȚȈ — ȚȈȒȖȊȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ. ǻ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ-ȟȈȒȘȣ, ȉȓȐȏȒȖȋȖ șȓțȋȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, ȚȣșȧȟȐ șȗȐȞ. Ƕȕ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȊȐȌȣ ȖȘțȎȐȧ, ȘȈșșȍȐȊȈȍȚ ȚȤȔț Ȑ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ șȐȓț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ȏȈȒȓȈȌȣȊȈȚȤ ȖșȕȖȊȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ Ȑ ȐșȒȖȘȍȕȧȚȤ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȐȍ. ǩȍȏ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ-ȟȈȒȘȣ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȈȧ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌȍȘȎȐȚ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕț ȗȘȐ ǹȍȉȍ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȊȖȏȕȍș ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ ȌȐșȒț ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȍ, ȚȖȚ țșȗȖȒȖȐȓșȧ Ȑ ȕȍ șȚȈȓ țȉȐȊȈȚȤ ǬțȘȊȈșț ǴțȕȐ, ȌȈȘȖȊȈȊ ȍȔț șȊȖȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ. ǺȈȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ ȖȉȣȟȕȣȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ (ȊȈȐȠȕȈȊȍ ȌȎȈȚȐ-ȉțȌȌȝȐ) . ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȓ Ȓ șȖșȓȖȊȐȦ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ șȟȐȚȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȕȐȎȍ șȍȉȧ Ȑ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȗȘȖȌȍȔȖȕșȚȘȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȍȔț șȊȖȦ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕșȒțȦ șȐȓț. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ȋșȍ ȌȈȓȤȕȍȑȠȐȍ șȖȉȣȚȐȧ șȓțȎȈȚ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖȔ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȖȗȈșȕȖ ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȋȈȚȤ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈȔȐ . ǻȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȐȊ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕț-ȟȈȒȘț, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ ǬțȘȊȈșȍ ǴțȕȐ ȘȖșȒȖȠȕȖȍ țȋȖȡȍȕȐȍ. Ǩ ȗȖȚȖȔ Ȑ Ȗȕ șȈȔ, Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȋȖȌȈ șȚȖȧȊȠȐȑ ȕȈ ȖȌȕȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȊȠȐȑ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȑ ȗȐȡȐ, ȚȖȎȍ ȖȚȊȍȌȈȓ ȗȘȈșȈȌȈ. ǿȍȘȍȏ ȒȈȒȖȍ-ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȗȖȌȍȓȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȔȍȎȌț șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ Ȑ țȠȍȓ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋ ǴȈȕȈșȈ-șȈȘȖȊȈȘȣ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȋȘțȏȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȥȊȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȌȐȠȚȖ ȌțȘȊȈșȈȠ ȟȈȒȘȈ-ȚȈȗȐȚȈȝ ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȔ țȗȈȊȘȐȚȑȈ ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈț ȌțȝȒȝȐȚȖ 'ȋȘȈȝȐȚ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ ȈȌȐȠȚȈȝ — ȗȖȓțȟȐȊȠȐȑ ȗȘȐȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȑȖȋ ȔȐșȚȐȒ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ; ȟȈȒȘȈ- ȚȈȗȐȚȈȝ — ȔțȟȐȔȣȑ ȌȐșȒȖȔ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ; ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȔ — Ȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ; țȗȈȊȘȐȚȑȈ — ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȊȠȐșȤ; ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈț — ȍȋȖ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȍ șȚȖȗȣ; ȌțȝȒȝȐȚȈȝ — șȐȓȤȕȖ ȖȗȍȟȈȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȈȋȘȈȝȐȚ — ȖȉȝȊȈȚȐȓ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǪȕȧȊ șȖȊȍȚț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț, ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȗȘȍșȓȍȌțȍȔȣȑ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȖȑ-ȟȈȒȘȖȑ, ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ. Ǫ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȘȈșȒȈȧȕȐȐ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ȗȈȓ ȕȐȞ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȞȈȘȍȔ Ȑ ȖȉȝȊȈȚȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȍ șȚȖȗȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȚȈșȑȈ șȖȌȑȈȔȈȔ ȈȊȐȒȠȑȈ ȗȈȌȈ-șȗȈȘȠȈ-ȊȐȓȈȌȎȌȎȐȚȈȝ ȈșȚȈȊȐȚ ȚȈȌ ȌȝȈȘȍȘ ȈșȚȘȈȔ ȒȘȐȗȈȑȈ ȗȐȌȐȚȖ ȉȝȘȐȠȈȔ 85


86 ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǬțȘȊȈșȣ); șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ); țȌȑȈȔȈȔ — șȚȈȘȈȕȐȍ; ȈȊȐȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȗȈȌȈ-șȗȈȘȠȈ-ȊȐȓȈȌȎȌȎȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȊȠȐȑ șȔțȡȍȕȐȍ ȐȏȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ȒȖșȕțȓșȧ ȍȋȖ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ; ȈșȚȈȊȐȚ — ȊȖȏȕȍș ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ; ȚȈȚ — ȚȖȔț; ȝȈȘȍȝ ȈșȚȘȈȔ — ȖȘțȎȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȒȘȐȗȈȑȈ — ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ; ȗȐȌȐȚȈȝ — ȖȋȖȘȟȍȕȕȣȑ; ȉȝȘȐȠȈȔ — ȖȟȍȕȤ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȒȖșȕțȓșȧ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ, ȚȖȚ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȔțȚȐȓșȧ, Ȉ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȞȈȘȤ țȊȐȌȍȓ, ȟȚȖ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ȗȣȚȈȍȚșȧ ȊȖȏȕȍșȚȐ ȍȔț ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ, șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȓ șȍȉȧ ȍȡȍ ȝțȎȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ șȘȈȏț șȚȈȓ ȊȖȏȕȖșȐȚȤ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț ȖȘțȎȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȚȊȈȔ ȈȋȕȐȘ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ șțȘȑȈș ȚȊȈȔ șȖȔȖ ȌȎȑȖȚȐȠȈȔ ȗȈȚȐȝ ȚȊȈȔ ȈȗȈș ȚȊȈȔ ȒȠȐȚȐȘ ȊȑȖȔȈ ȊȈȑțȘ ȔȈȚȘȍȕȌȘȐȑȈȕȐ ȟȈ ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȝ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ; țȊȈȟȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; ȈȋȕȐȝ — ȖȋȖȕȤ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȐȑ; șțȘȑȈȝ — șȖȓȕȞȍ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; șȖȔȈȝ — ȓțȕȈ; ȌȎȑȖȚȐȠȈȔ — ȕȍȉȍșȕȣȝ șȊȍȚȐȓ; ȗȈȚȐȝ — ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; ȈȗȈȝ — ȊȖȌȈ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; ȒȠȐȚȐȝ — ȏȍȔȓȧ; ȊȑȖȔȈ — ȕȍȉȖ; ȊȈȑțȝ — ȊȖȏȌțȝ; ȔȈȚȘȈ — ȖȉȢȍȒȚȣ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȊȖșȗȘȐȧȚȐȧ; ȐȕȌȘȐȑȈȕȐ — ȟțȊșȚȊȈ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ƕ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȘȈ, Țȣ — ȖȋȖȕȤ, Țȣ — ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȍ șȖȓȕȞȍ, Țȣ — ȓțȕȈ, ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ Ȋșȍȝ șȊȍȚȐȓ. Ǻȣ — ȊȖȌȈ, ȏȍȔȓȧ Ȑ ȕȍȉȖ, Țȣ — ȊȖȏȌțȝ, Țȣ — ȗȧȚȤ ȖȉȢȍȒȚȖȊ ȟțȊșȚȊ (ȏȊțȒ, ȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ, ȜȖȘȔȈ, ȊȒțș Ȑ ȏȈȗȈȝ), Ȑ Țȣ — șȈȔȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 șțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ ȕȈȔȈș ȚțȉȝȑȈȔ șȈȝȈșȘȈȘȈȟȑțȚȈ-ȗȘȐȑȈ șȈȘȊȈșȚȘȈ-ȋȝȈȚȐȕ ȊȐȗȘȈȑȈ șȊȈșȚȐ ȉȝțȑȈ ȐȌȈșȗȈȚȍ șțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ — Ȗ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȏȘȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȕȈȔȈȝ — ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕ; ȚțȉȝȑȈȔ — Țȍȉȍ; șȈȝȈșȘȈ-ȈȘȈ — ȐȔȍȦȡȐȑ Țȣșȧȟț șȗȐȞ; ȈȟȑțȚȈ-ȗȘȐȑȈ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȌȖȘȖȎȍ Ȋșȍȝ ǨȟȤȦȚȍ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; șȈȘȊȈȈșȚȘȈ-ȋȝȈȚȐȕ — țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȦȡȐȑ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȖȘțȎȐȍ; ȊȐȗȘȈȑȈ — Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; șȊȈșȚȐ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȘȐȧȚȕȣȑ; ȉȝțȑȈȝ — șȚȈȕȤ; ȐȌȈșȗȈȚȍ — Ȗ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. Ƕ ȓȦȉȐȔȍȞ ǨȟȤȦȚȣ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ț Țȍȉȧ ȚȣșȧȟȐ șȗȐȞ. Ƕ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȚȍȓȤ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȐȌȖȊ ȖȘțȎȐȧ, Ȗ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȧ Ȋ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȚȖȉȖȑ. ǩțȌȤ ȌȖȉȘ, ȌȈȘțȑ ȏȈȡȐȚț ȥȚȖȔț ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕț Ȑ ȧȊȐ ȍȔț șȊȖȦ ȉȓȈȋȖșȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ. 86


87 ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȚȊȈȔ ȚȊȈȔ ȚȊȈȔ ȚȊȈȔ

ȌȝȈȘȔȈș ȚȊȈȔ ȘȐȚȈȔ șȈȚȑȈȔ ȑȈȌȎȕȖ 'ȒȝȐȓȈ-ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-ȉȝțȒ ȓȖȒȈ-ȗȈȓȈȝ șȈȘȊȈȚȔȈ ȚȍȌȎȈȝ ȗȈțȘțȠȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔ

ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ ȍșȚȤ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ — ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; ȘȐȚȈȔ — ȖȉȖȌȘȧȦȡȍȍ ȊȖșȒȓȐȞȈȕȐȍ; șȈȚȑȈȔ — ȐșȚȐȕȈ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; ȑȈȌȎȕȈȝ — ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ; ȈȒȝȐȓȈ — ȊșȍȖȉȡȍȋȖ; ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-ȉȝțȒ — ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; ȓȖȒȈ-ȗȈȓȈȝ — ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȦȡȐȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ; șȈȘȊȈȈȚȔȈ — ȊȍȏȌȍșțȡȐȑ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; ȚȍȌȎȈȝ — ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȤ; ȗȈțȘțȠȈȔ — ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȐȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ. Ƕ ȌȐșȒ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ, Țȣ — ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ, Țȣ — ȐșȚȐȕȈ, Țȣ — ȊȌȖȝȕȖȊȓȧȦȡȍȍ șȓȖȊȖ, Țȣ — ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ, Ȑ Țȣ — ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ ȍȋȖ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ. Ǻȣ — ȝȘȈȕȐȚȍȓȤ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ Ȑ ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈȧ șȐȓȈ Ȋ ȘțȒȈȝ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǻȣ — ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Țȍȉȧ Ȑ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȖȑ. Ǫșȍ Ȋ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ șȖȏȌȈȕȖ ȚȊȖȍȑ șȐȓȖȑ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Țȣ ȊȍȏȌȍșțȡ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȓȖȊȖ șțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȊșȍȉȓȈȋȖȑ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ». ǰȏ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ Ȕȣ ȏȕȈȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ șȖȏȌȈȍȚșȧ ȊȏȋȓȧȌȖȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ (șȈ ȈȐȒȠȈȚȈ, șȈ ȈșȘȐȌȎȈȚȈ). ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȉȘȖșȈȍȚ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ȕȈ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊț, șȖȊȖȒțȗȕțȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ, Ȑ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȈ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ, Ȋșȍ șțȡȍȍ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȚȤșȧ. ǵȈ ǯȈȗȈȌȍ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȣ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȗȍȘȊȖȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȉȣȓ ȊȏȘȣȊ șȋțșȚȒȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. ǭșȓȐ ȗȖȌ ȥȚȐȔ șȋțșȚȒȖȔ ȗȖȌȘȈȏțȔȍȊȈȚȤ șȖȊȖȒțȗȕțȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ, ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊț, ȚȖ ȕȍ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȉțȌȍȚ ȌȖȋȈȌȈȚȤșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ «ȊȏȘȣȊȈ» ȗȖșȓțȎȐȓ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȐȔȍȕȕȖ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 ȕȈȔȈȝ șțȕȈȉȝȈȒȝȐȓȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-șȍȚȈȊȍ ȝȑ ȈȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȠȐȓȈșțȘȈ-ȌȝțȔȈ-ȒȍȚȈȊȍ ȚȘȈȐȓȖȒȑȈ-ȋȖȗȈȑȈ ȊȐȠțȌȌȝȈ-ȊȈȘȟȈșȍ ȔȈȕȖ-ȌȎȈȊȈȑȈȌȉȝțȚȈ-ȒȈȘȔȈȕȍ ȋȘȐȕȍ ȕȈȔȈȝ — ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕ; șț-ȕȈȉȝȈ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȚȍȓȦ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȕȖȑ șȚțȗȐȞȣ; ȈȒȝȐȓȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-șȍȚȈȊȍ — ȚȖȔț, ȟȤȐ șȗȐȞȣ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȟȈșȚȤȦ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; ȝȐ — ȊȖȐșȚȐȕț; ȈȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȠȐȓȈ — Ȍȓȧ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȣȝ; ȈșțȘȈ — ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ; ȌȝțȔȈ-ȒȍȚȈȊȍ — ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȗȓȈȔȍȕȐ ȏȓȖȊȍȡȍȑ ȒȖȔȍȚȣ; ȚȘȈȐȓȖȒȑȈ — ȚȘȍȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȔȐȘȖȊ; ȋȖȗȈȑȈ — ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒț; ȊȐȠțȌȌȝȈ — ȏȈȗȘȍȌȍȓȤȕȣȔ; ȊȈȘȟȈșȍ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȍȔț șȐȧȕȐȍȔ; ȔȈȕȈȝ-ȌȎȈȊȈȑȈ — ȗȍȘȍȌȊȐȋȈȦȡȍȔțșȧ șȖ șȒȖȘȖșȚȤȦ țȔȈ; ȈȌȉȝțȚȈ — țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȍ — șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȡȍȔț ȌȍȧȕȐȧ; ȋȘȐȕȍ — ȗȘȖȐȏȕȖȠț. Ƕ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ, ȚȊȖȧ șȚțȗȐȞȈ ȌȈȘțȍȚ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Țȣ — ȖȗȖȘȈ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. Ǭȓȧ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ-ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒȖȊ Țȣ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȏȓȖȊȍȡȍȑ ȒȖȔȍȚȍ. Ǻȣ — ȝȘȈȕȐȚȍȓȤ ȚȘȍȝ ȔȐȘȖȊ, ȐȏȓțȟȈȦȡȐȑ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ șȐȧȕȐȍ, Țȣ șȚȘȍȔȐȚȍȓȍȕ, ȒȈȒ țȔ, Ȑ ȔȖȎȍȠȤ 87


88 ȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȟțȌȍșȈ. Ǵȕȍ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȓȐȠȤ ȗȘȖșȚȍȘȍȚȤșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȚȖȉȖȑ Ȋ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍ, ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȧ șȓȖȊȖ ȕȈȔȈȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǬȐșȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȐȔȍȕțȦȚ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȖȑ ȍȡȍ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉȍșȗȘȐșȚȘȈșȚȍȕ Ȑ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒȈȔ ȐȓȐ ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔ, ȒȈȒȖȍ ȉȣ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȖȕȐ ȕȐ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓȐ. ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ, ȉȣȓ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, ȕȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ ȕȐȟȍȔ ȕȍ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȓȖșȤ ȖȚ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȈșțȘȖȊ. Ǫ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ: ȌȝȈȘȔȈȔ Țț șȈȒȠȈȌ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ-ȗȘȈȕȐȚȈȔ. ǹȓȖȊȖ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ ȏȌȍșȤ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧ ȐȓȐ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ, ȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȐȍ Ȑȏ țșȚ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǹȈȘȊȈ- ȌȝȈȘȔȈȕ ȗȈȘȐȚȑȈȌȎȑȈ ȔȈȔ ȥȒȈȔ ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȊȘȈȌȎȈ: ȐșȚȐȕȕȈȧ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȐșȚȐȕȕȈȧ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ — ȥȚȖ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȘȈ ȕȈȏȊȈȕ ȏȌȍșȤ ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒȖȔ ȌȝȈȘȔȣ (ȌȝȈȘȔȈ- șȍȚȈȊȍ) . ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȉȣȓ ȗȖ-ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȔț ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ, ȌȐșȒ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ ȋȖȚȖȊ ȉȣȓ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȌȈȎȍ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȒȈȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖȊȍȓ șȍȉȧ, șȓȖȊȕȖ ȌȍȔȖȕ. ǬȍȔȖȕȣ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȖȉȓȐȟȤȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȘȈ ȕȍ ȌȍȓȈȍȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȑ ȔȍȎȌț ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔȐ- ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ Ȑ ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔȐȠțȌȘȈȔȐ . dzȦȉȖȑ, ȒȚȖ ȊȣșȚțȗȈȍȚ ȗȘȖȚȐȊ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȔ. Ǫ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ ȍșȚȤ ȕȍȔȈȓȖ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȕȐȑ Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȝ Ȑ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȊȍȓȐ șȍȉȧ ȒȈȒ ȌȍȔȖȕȣ Ȑ ȐȔȍȕȖȊȈȓȐșȤ ȚȈȒȖȊȣȔȐ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȠȈșȚȘȈȔ, Ȗ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȍ ȕțȎȕȖ șțȌȐȚȤ ȗȖ ȍȋȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔ. ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȕȖ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȌȍȔȖȕȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȕȈȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȍȋȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȔ. ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ- ȟȈȒȘȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȍȍ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ ȈȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȠȐȓȈșțȘȈ-ȌȝțȔȈ-ȒȍȚȈȊȍ . ǵȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȈȌȝȈȘȔȈ- ȠȐȓȈ. Ǭȓȧ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȘȈ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȈ ȏȓȖȊȍȡȍȑ ȒȖȔȍȚȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȚȊȈȚ-ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȔȈȑȍȕȈ șȈȔȝȘȐȚȈȔ ȚȈȔȈȝ ȗȘȈȒȈȠȈȠ ȟȈ ȌȘȐȠȖ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȌțȘȈȚȑȈȑȈș Țȍ ȔȈȝȐȔȈ ȋȐȘȈȔ ȗȈȚȍ ȚȊȈȌ-ȘțȗȈȔ ȥȚȈȚ șȈȌ-ȈșȈȚ ȗȈȘȈȊȈȘȈȔ ȚȊȈȚ-ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ — ȚȊȖȐȔ șȐȧȕȐȍȔ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȔȈȑȍȕȈ — șȖșȚȖȧȡȐȔ Ȑȏ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȊ; șȈȔȝȘȐȚȈȔ — ȘȈșșȍȧȕȈ; ȚȈȔȈȝ — ȚȤȔȈ; ȗȘȈȒȈȠȈȝ ȟȈ — Ȑ șȊȍȚ; ȌȘȐȠȈȝ — ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȝ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ țȟȍȕȣȝ; ȌțȘȈȚȑȈȑȈȝ — ȕȍȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȌȍȕȕȈȧ; Țȍ — ȚȊȖȧ; ȔȈȝȐȔȈ — șȓȈȊȈ; ȋȐȘȈȔ ȗȈȚȍ — Ȗ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ ȘȍȟȐ; ȚȊȈȚ-ȘțȗȈȔ — ȚȊȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ; ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖ; șȈȚ-ȈșȈȚ — ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȖȍ Ȑ ȕȍȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȖȍ; ȗȈȘȈ-ȈȊȈȘȈȔ — ȊȣșȠȍȍ Ȑ ȕȐȏȠȍȍ. Ƕ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ ȘȍȟȐ, ȚȊȖȍ șȐȧȕȐȍ, ȗȘȖȕȐȒȕțȚȖȍ ȏȈȗȖȊȍȌȧȔȐ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ, ȘȈșșȍȐȊȈȍȚ ȔȘȈȒ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ Ȑ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȚȤșȧ ȏȕȈȕȐȦ ȔțȌȘȣȝ Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȌțȠ. ǵȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ șȐȧȚȤ ȧȘȟȍ Țȍȉȧ, ȐȉȖ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȖȍ Ȑ ȕȍȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȖȍ, ȋȘțȉȖȍ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȍ, ȊȣșȠȍȍ Ȑ ȕȐȏȠȍȍ ȍșȚȤ ȕȍ ȟȚȖ ȐȕȖȍ, ȒȈȒ ȚȊȖȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȚȊȖȐȔ șȐȧȕȐȍȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȉȍȏ șȊȍȚȈ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ. Ǩ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ șȊȍȚȈ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȐȧȕȐȍ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ — ȊȏȋȓȧȌȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǶȚ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ șȐȧȕȐȍ șȖȓȕȞȈ, ȓțȕȣ Ȑ 88


89 Ȗȋȕȧ. ǹȊȍȚ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȚȖȎȍ ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȖȚ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ, ȐȉȖ ȍȋȖ șȐȧȕȐȍ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȍȚ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȚȤ ȖȌȕȖ ȖȚ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ Ȑ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȘȈȏȕȐȞț ȔȍȎȌț ȊȣșȠȐȔ Ȑ ȕȐȏȠȐȔ. ǶȉȣȟȕȖ ȓȦȌȐ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȑȖȋȖȊ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ǬțȘȊȈșȍ ǴțȕȐ, Ȋ ȊȣșȠȍȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ, ȕȖ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȑȖȋȈ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȘȈ, ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ȍȋȖ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȖȟȍȊȐȌȍȕ ȍȋȖ ȕȍȊȣșȖȒȐȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ, ȗȘȖȧȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ Ȋ ȍȋȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȑȈȌȈ ȊȐșȘȐȠȚȈș ȚȊȈȔ ȈȕȈȕȌȎȈȕȍȕȈ ȊȈȐ ȉȈȓȈȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȠȚȖ 'ȌȎȐȚȈ ȌȈȐȚȑȈ-ȌȈȕȈȊȈȔ ȉȈȝțȌȈȘȖȘȊ-ȈȕȋȝȘȐ-ȠȐȘȖȌȝȈȘȈȕȐ ȊȘȐȠȟȈȕȕ ȈȌȎȈșȘȈȔ ȗȘȈȌȝȈȕȍ ȊȐȘȈȌȎȈșȍ ȑȈȌȈ — ȒȖȋȌȈ; ȊȐșȘȐȠȚȈȝ — ȗȖșȓȈȕȕȣȑ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ; ȈȕȈȕȌȎȈȕȍȕȈ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ; ȊȈȐ — ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ; ȉȈȓȈȔ — Ȋ ȊȖȑșȒȖ; ȗȘȈȊȐȠȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖȕȐȒȠȐȑ; ȈȌȎȐȚȈ — Ȗ ȕȍțȚȖȔȐȔȣȑ Ȑ ȕȍȗȖȉȍȌȐȔȣȑ; ȌȈȐȚȑȈȌȈȕȈȊȈȔ — șȖșȚȖȧȡȍȍ Ȑȏ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ ǬȈȑȚȤȍȊ Ȑ ǬȈȕȈȊȖȊ; ȉȈȝț — ȘțȒȐ; țȌȈȘȈ — ȎȐȊȖȚȣ; țȘț — ȉȍȌȘȈ; ȈȕȋȝȘȐ — ȋȖȓȍȕȐ; ȠȐȘȈȝ-ȌȝȈȘȈȕȐ — ȠȍȐ; ȊȘȐȠȟȈȕ — ȘȈȏȌȍȓȧȦȡȐȑ; ȈȌȎȈșȘȈȔ — ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȖ; ȗȘȈȌȝȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȉȐȚȊȍ; ȊȐȘȈȌȎȈșȍ — ȕȈȝȖȌȐȠȤșȧ. Ƕ ȕȍțȚȖȔȐȔȣȑ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚ Țȍȉȧ Ȓ ȊȖȐȕȈȔ ǬȈȑȚȤȍȊ Ȑ ǬȈȕȈȊȖȊ, Țȣ, ȕȐ ȕȈ ȔȐȋ ȕȍ ȗȖȒȐȌȈȧ ȗȖȓȧ ȉȖȧ, ȉȍȏ țșȚȈȓȐ ȖȚșȍȒȈȍȠȤ Ȑȝ ȘțȒȐ, ȗȘȖȕȏȈȍȠȤ Ȑȝ ȎȐȊȖȚȣ, ȖȚȘțȉȈȍȠȤ ȉȍȌȘȈ, ȕȖȋȐ Ȑ ȋȖȓȖȊȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 șȈ ȚȊȈȔ ȌȎȈȋȈȚ-ȚȘȈȕȈ ȒȝȈȓȈ-ȗȘȈȝȈȕȈȑȍ ȕȐȘțȗȐȚȈȝ șȈȘȊȈ-șȈȝȖ ȋȈȌȈ-ȉȝȘȐȚȈ ȊȐȗȘȈșȑȈ ȟȈșȔȈȚ-ȒțȓȈ-ȌȈȐȊȈ-ȝȍȚȈȊȍ ȊȐȌȝȍȝȐ ȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ ȚȈȌ ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȖ ȝȐ ȕȈȝ șȈȝ — ȚȖȚ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȣ, Ȗ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ; ȌȎȈȋȈȚ-ȚȘȈȕȈ — Ȗ ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒ ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ; ȒȝȈȓȈȗȘȈȝȈȕȈȑȍ — Ȍȓȧ țȉȐȍȕȐȧ ȏȈȊȐșȚȓȐȊȣȝ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ; ȕȐȘțȗȐȚȈȝ — ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȕ; șȈȘȊȈșȈȝȈȝ — ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȐȑ; ȋȈȌȈ- ȉȝȘȐȚȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ; ȊȐȗȘȈșȑȈ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈșȔȈȚ — ȕȈȠȍȑ; ȒțȓȈ-ȌȈȐȊȈ-ȝȍȚȈȊȍ — ȘȈȌȐ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȧ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ; ȊȐȌȝȍȝȐ — șȌȍȓȈȑ Ȏȍ; ȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ — ȊșȍȉȓȈȋȖȍ; ȚȈȚ — ȚȖ; ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȈȝ — ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ; ȝȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȕȈȝ — ȕȈȠȈ. Ƕ ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚ Țȍȉȧ ȒȈȒ ǹȊȖȍ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȍ ȖȘțȎȐȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȚȤ ȏȈȊȐșȚȓȐȊȣȝ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ. ǷȘȖȠț Țȍȉȧ, ȘȈȌȐ ȉȓȈȋȈ ȕȈȠȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ȗȖȡȈȌȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȉȍȌȕȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ȇ ȗȖȟȚț ȥȚȖ ȏȈ ȊȍȓȐȒțȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȑȈȌȑ ȈșȚȐ ȌȈȚȚȈȔ ȐȠȚȈȔ ȊȈ șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȖ ȊȈ șȊȈȕțȠȚȝȐȚȈȝ ȒțȓȈȔ ȕȖ ȊȐȗȘȈ-ȌȈȐȊȈȔ ȟȍȌ 89


90 ȌȊȐȌȎȖ ȉȝȈȊȈȚț ȊȐȌȎȊȈȘȈȝ ȑȈȌȐ — ȍșȓȐ; ȈșȚȐ — ȍșȚȤ; ȌȈȚȚȈȔ — ȔȐȓȖșȚȣȕȧ; ȐȠȚȈȔ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț; ȊȈ — ȐȓȐ; șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ — ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȌȖȓȋ; ȊȈ — ȐȓȐ; șț-ȈȕțȠȚȝȐȚȈȝ — Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȑ; ȒțȓȈȔ — ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȧ; ȕȈȝ — ȕȈȠȈ; ȊȐȗȘȈ-ȌȈȐȊȈȔ — ȗȖȓȤȏțȦȡȈȧșȧ ȉȓȈȋȖșȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤȦ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; ȟȍȚ — ȍșȓȐ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȝ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȉȝȈȊȈȚț — ȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ; ȊȐȌȎȊȈȘȈȝ — ȐȏȉȈȊȓȍȕ ȖȚ ȎȎȍȕȐȧ (ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȔȖȋȖ ȟȈȒȘȖȑ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȖȑ). ǭșȓȐ Ȋ ȕȈȠȍȔ ȘȖȌț ȗȖȌȈȊȈȓȐ ȔȐȓȖșȚȣȕȦ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȍșȓȐ Ȕȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȍ ȖȉȘȧȌȣ Ȑ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, ȍșȓȐ Ȕȣ ȒȈȒ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȓȐ șȊȖȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ șȖȊȍȚȈȔ ȔțȌȘȣȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȚȖ, ȔȖȓȦ Țȍȉȧ, ȏȈ Ȋșȍ ȕȈȠȐ ȏȈșȓțȋȐ ȐȏȉȈȊȤ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȖȚ ȎȈȘȈ ȚȊȖȐȝ ȓțȟȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȑȈȌȐ ȕȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȗȘȐȚȈ ȥȒȈȝ șȈȘȊȈ-ȋțȕȈȠȘȈȑȈȝ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ ȌȊȐȌȎȖ ȉȝȈȊȈȚț ȊȐȌȎȊȈȘȈȝ ȑȈȌȐ — ȍșȓȐ; ȕȈȝ — ȕȈȔȐ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȗȘȐȚȈȝ — ȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ; ȥȒȈȝ — ȕȍȌȊȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȋțȕȈ-ȈȠȘȈȑȈȝ — șȖȒȘȖȊȐȡȕȐȞȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈ-ȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ — ș șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȍȔ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȝ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȉȝȈȊȈȚț — ȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ; ȊȐȌȎȊȈȘȈȝ — ȐȏȉȈȊȓȍȕ ȖȚ ȎȎȍȕȐȧ. ǭșȓȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȕȍȚ ȘȈȊȕȣȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ Ȋșȍȝ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ ȊșȍȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ, ȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ ȔȕȖȦ, ȚȖ ȗțșȚȤ ȥȚȖȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚșȧ ȖȚ ȔțȟȍȕȐȑ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȔȣȝ ȚȊȖȐȔ ȎȈȘȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȐȚȐ șȈȔșȚțȊȈȚȖ ȘȈȌȎȕȖ ȊȐȠȕț-ȟȈȒȘȈȔ șțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ ȈȠȈȔȑȈȚ șȈȘȊȈȚȖ ȊȐȗȘȈȔ ȗȘȈȌȈȝȈȌ ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȑȈȟȕȈȑȈ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; șȈȔșȚțȊȈȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȉȣȓȐ ȊȖȏȕȍșȍȕȣ ȔȖȓȤȉȣ; ȘȈȌȎȕȈȝ — ȞȈȘȧ; ȊȐȠȕț-ȟȈȒȘȈȔ — ȌȐșȒ, ȖȘțȎȐȍ ǪȐȠȕț; șțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ — ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȑ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȖȑ; ȈȠȈȔȑȈȚ — ȗȘȍȒȘȈȚȐȓ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȚȤ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȈ; șȈȘȊȈȚȈȝ — ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ; ȊȐȗȘȈȔ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȗȘȈȌȈȝȈȚ — ȖȉȎȐȋȈȦȡȐȑ; ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘȧ; ȑȈȟȕȈȑȈ — ȔȖȓȤȉȖȑ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ȞȈȘȤ ȊȖȏȕȍș ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȍȟȈȒȘȍ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț, ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ țșȗȖȒȖȐȓșȧ Ȑ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȓ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ǬțȘȊȈșț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 90


91 șȈ ȔțȒȚȖ 'șȚȘȈȋȕȐ-ȚȈȗȍȕȈ ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ șȊȈșȚȐȔȈȔș ȚȈȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȠȈȠȈȔșȈ ȚȈȔ țȘȊȐȠȈȔ ȑțȕȌȎȈȕȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȠȐȠȈȝ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ); ȔțȒȚȈȝ — ȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȈșȚȘȈ-ȈȋȕȐ- ȚȈȗȍȕȈ — ȎȈȘȒȐȔ ȗȓȈȔȍȕȍȔ ȟȈȒȘȣ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ; ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ; șȊȈșȚȐȔȈȕ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ, ȐȏȉȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȚ ȕȍșȚȍȘȗȐȔȖȋȖ ȎȎȍȕȐȧ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȗȘȈȠȈȠȈȔșȈ — ȊȖȏȕȍș ȝȊȈȓț; ȚȈȔ — ȚȖȔț; țȘȊȐ-ȐȠȈȔ — ȞȈȘȦ; ȑțȕȌȎȈȕȈȝ — șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȡȐȑ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȈȠȐȠȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ. ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ, ȉȣȓ ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȗȓȈȔȍȕȐ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ-ȟȈȒȘȣ. Ƕȕ ȊȖșșȓȈȊȐȓ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ Ȑ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȓ ȞȈȘȦ ȓțȟȠȐȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȌțȘȊȈșȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȈȝȖ ȈȕȈȕȚȈ-ȌȈșȈȕȈȔ ȔȈȝȈȚȚȊȈȔ ȌȘȐȠȚȈȔ ȈȌȑȈ Ȕȍ ȒȘȐȚȈȋȈșȖ 'ȗȐ ȑȈȌ ȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȔȈȕȋȈȓȈȕȐ șȈȔȐȝȈșȍ ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȝȖ — țȊȣ; ȈȕȈȕȚȈ-ȌȈșȈȕȈȔ — șȓțȋ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȔȈȝȈȚȚȊȈȔ — ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ; ȌȘȐȠȚȈȔ — ȊȐȌȐȔȖȍ; ȈȌȑȈ — șȍȋȖȌȕȧ; Ȕȍ — Ȍȓȧ Ȕȍȕȧ; ȒȘȐȚȈ-ȈȋȈșȈȝ ȈȗȐ — ȝȖȚȧ ȧ Ȋȍȓ șȍȉȧ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ; ȑȈȚ — ȖȌȕȈȒȖ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; ȔȈȕȋȈȓȈȕȐ — șȟȈșȚȓȐȊțȦ șțȌȤȉț; șȈȔȐȝȈșȍ — ȔȖȓȐȠȤșȧ. ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǬȖȘȖȋȖȑ ȞȈȘȤ, șȍȋȖȌȕȧ ȧ ȖșȖȏȕȈȓ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ — ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȕȈȕȍșȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȑ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȍ, Țȣ ȔȖȓȐȓșȧ Ȗ ȔȖȍȔ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 ȌțȠȒȈȘȈȝ ȒȖ ȕț șȈȌȝțȕȈȔ ȌțșȚȑȈȌȎȖ ȊȈ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȐȝ șȈȕȋȘȐȝȐȚȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ șȈȚȊȈȚȈȔ ȘȐȠȈȉȝȖ ȝȈȘȐȝ ȌțȠȒȈȘȈȝ — ȚȘțȌȕȖȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȔȖȍ; ȒȈȝ — ȟȚȖ; ȕț — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; șȈȌȝțȕȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȌțșȚȑȈȌȎȈȝ — ȚȖ, ȖȚ ȟȍȋȖ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȚȤșȧ; ȊȈ — ȐȓȐ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȌțȠ; ȑȈȐȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ; șȈȕȋȘȐȝȐȚȈȝ — ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȕȣȑ (ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ); ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; șȈȚȊȈȚȈȔ — ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȘȐȠȈȉȝȈȝ — ȊȖȎȌȤ; ȝȈȘȐȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. Ǭȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȧ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ, ȖȚ ȟȍȋȖ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȉȣ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȚȤșȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 91


92 ȑȈȕ-ȕȈȔȈ-ȠȘțȚȐ-ȔȈȚȘȍȕȈ ȗțȔȈȕ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȐ ȕȐȘȔȈȓȈȝ ȚȈșȑȈ ȚȐȘȚȝȈ-ȗȈȌȈȝ ȒȐȔ ȊȈ ȌȈșȈȕȈȔ ȈȊȈȠȐȠȑȈȚȍ ȑȈȚ-ȕȈȔȈ — șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ); ȠȘțȚȐ-ȔȈȚȘȍȕȈ — ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍȔ; ȗțȔȈȕ — ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ; ȉȝȈȊȈȚȐ — șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ; ȕȐȘȔȈȓȈȝ — ȖȟȐȡȍȕȕȣȑ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ǭȋȖ; ȚȐȘȚȝȈȗȈȌȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ț ȟȤȐȝ șȚȖȗ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ șȊȧȚȣȍ ȔȍșȚȈ; ȒȐȔ ȊȈ — ȟȚȖ ȍȡȍ; ȌȈșȈȕȈȔ — ț șȓțȋ; ȈȊȈȠȐȠȑȈȚȍ — ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ. ȟȚȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔ Ȍȓȧ șȓțȋ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ? ǬȈȎȍ ȏȊțȒ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȟȐȡȈȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȒȊȍȘȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȘȈȌȎȈȕȕ ȈȕțȋȘȐȝȐȚȖ 'ȝȈȔ ȚȊȈȑȈȚȐȒȈȘțȕȈȚȔȈȕȈ ȔȈȌ-ȈȋȝȈȔ ȗȘȐȠȚȝȈȚȈȝ ȒȘȐȚȊȈ ȗȘȈȕȈ ȑȈȕ Ȕȍ 'ȉȝȐȘȈȒȠȐȚȈȝ ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; ȈȕțȋȘȐȝȐȚȈȝ — ȐșȗȣȚȈȊȠȐȑ ȊȍȓȐȒțȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; ȚȊȈȑȈ — ȚȖȉȖȑ; ȈȚȐ-ȒȈȘțȕȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈ — ȚȊȖȐȔ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȔ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȍȔ; ȔȈȚ-ȈȋȝȈȔ — ȔȖȍ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȍ; ȗȘȐȠȚȝȈȚȈȝ — ȕȈȏȈȌ; ȒȘȐȚȊȈ — șȌȍȓȈȊ; ȗȘȈȕȈȝ — ȎȐȏȕȤ; ȑȈȚ — ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț; Ȕȍ — ȔȖȧ; ȈȉȝȐȘȈȒȠȐȚȈȝ — șȗȈșȍȕȈ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, ȝȖȚȤ ȧ Ȑ ȖȉȐȌȍȓ Țȍȉȧ, Țȣ șȗȈș Ȕȕȍ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖȉȧȏȈȕ Țȍȉȍ ȏȈ ȚȊȖȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȌțȠȐȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȘȈȌȎȈ ȚȈȔ ȈȒȘȐȚȈȝȈȘȈȝ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȋȈȔȈȕȈ-ȒȈȕȒȠȈȑȈ ȟȈȘȈȕȈȊ țȗȈșȈȕȋȘȐȝȑȈ ȗȘȈșȈȌȑȈ șȈȔȈȉȝȖȌȎȈȑȈȚ ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘȤ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ (ǬțȘȊȈșț); ȈȒȘȐȚȈ-ȈȝȈȘȈȝ — ȊȖȏȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȦȡȐȑșȧ ȖȚ ȍȌȣ; ȗȘȈȚȑȈȋȈȔȈȕȈ — ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȧ; ȒȈȕȒȠȈȑȈ — ș ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ; ȟȈȘȈȕȈț — Ȓ șȚȖȗȈȔ; țȗȈșȈȕȋȘȐȝȑȈ — ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȊȠȐșȤ; ȗȘȈșȈȌȑȈ — ȊșȧȟȍșȒȐ țȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȊ; șȈȔȈȉȝȖȌȎȈȑȈȚ — ȘȖșȒȖȠȕȖ ȕȈȒȖȘȔȐȓ. ǬȖȎȐȌȈȧșȤ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȧ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ ǴțȕȐ, ȞȈȘȤ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȍȓ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ, Ȗȕ țȗȈȓ Ȓ ȍȋȖ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ, șȚȈȘȈȧșȤ țȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ ȍȔț ȘȖșȒȖȠȕȖȍ țȋȖȡȍȕȐȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 șȖ 'ȠȐȚȊȈȌȘȐȚȈȔ ȈȕȐȚȈȔ ȈȚȐȚȝȑȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȒȈȔȐȒȈȔ ȚȘȐȗȚȈȚȔȈ ȕȘȐȗȈȚȐȔ ȗȘȈȝȈ 92


93 ȉȝțȌȎȑȈȚȈȔ ȐȚȐ șȈȌȈȘȈȔ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ); ȈȠȐȚȊȈ — ȕȈȍȊȠȐșȤ; ȈȌȘȐȚȈȔ — ȉȓȈȋȖȋȖȊȍȑȕȖ; ȈȕȐȚȈȔ — ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȕțȦ; ȈȚȐȚȝȑȈȔ — ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȕțȦ ȍȔț ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕțȦ ȗȐȡț; șȈȘȊȈȒȈȔȐȒȈȔ — ȖȚȊȍȟȈȦȡțȦ ȓȦȉȣȔ ȊȒțșȈȔ; ȚȘȐȗȚȈ-ȈȚȔȈ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ; ȕȘȐȗȈȚȐȔ — ȞȈȘȦ; ȗȘȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȉȝțȌȎȑȈȚȈȔ — ȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȖȚȊȍȌȈȕȖ (ȚȖȉȖȑ, ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ ȔȖȑ ȞȈȘȤ); ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; șȈ-ȈȌȈȘȈȔ — ș ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍȔ. ǺȈȒ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ș ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȖȟȍȚȖȔ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ǬțȘȊȈșț ǴțȕȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ, ȖȚȊȍȌȈȊ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȊȒțșȕȣȝ ȉȓȦȌ, ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȚȈȒȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖ ș ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȞȈȘȧ: «ǷȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, ȗȖȍȠȤ Ȑ Țȣ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȗȘȐȚȖ 'șȔȑ ȈȕțȋȘȐȝȐȚȖ 'șȔȐ ȚȈȊȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈșȑȈ ȊȈȐ ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-șȗȈȘȠȈȕȈȓȈȗȈȐȘ ȈȚȐȚȝȑȍȕȈȚȔȈ-ȔȍȌȝȈșȈ ȗȘȐȚȈȝ — ȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ; ȈșȔȐ — (ȧ) ȍșȚȤ; ȈȕțȋȘȐȝȐȚȈȝ — ȐșȗȣȚȈȊȠȐȑ ȉȓȈȋȖșȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ; ȈșȔȐ — (ȧ) ȍșȚȤ; ȚȈȊȈ — Țȍȉȧ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈșȑȈ — ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ; ȊȈȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ — ȓȐȞȍȏȘȍȕȐȍȔ; șȗȈȘȠȈȕȈ — ȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȍȔ Ȓ șȚȖȗȈȔ; ȈȓȈȗȈȐȝ — Ȑ ȉȍșȍȌȖȑ ș ȚȖȉȖȑ; ȈȚȐȚȝȑȍȕȈ — ȋȖșȚȍȗȘȐȐȔșȚȊȖȔ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȔȍȌȝȈșȈ — ȔȖȐȔ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ. ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǬȖȘȖȋȖȑ ȞȈȘȤ, ȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ ȚȖȉȖȑ. ǷȖȕȈȟȈȓț ȧ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ Țȍȉȧ ȏȈ ȖȉȣȟȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓșȧ ȚȊȖȐȔ ȋȖșȚȍȗȘȐȐȔșȚȊȖȔ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȗȖȚȖȔ ȧ șȈȔ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ Țȣ — șȈȔȣȑ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, ȋȓȧȌȧ ȕȈ Țȍȉȧ, ȒȈșȈȧșȤ ȚȊȖȐȝ șȚȖȗ Ȑ ȘȈȏȋȖȊȈȘȐȊȈȧ ș ȚȖȉȖȑ, ȧ ȐșȗȣȚȈȓ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ, Ȑ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȧ Ȋ ȌȖȓȋț ȗȍȘȍȌ ȚȖȉȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ: ȊȈȐȠȕȈȊȍȘȈ ȒȘȐȑȈ ȔțȌȘȈ ȊȐȌȎȕȍȝȈ ȕȈ ȉțȌȎȝȈȑȈ — ȌȈȎȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ țȔȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ șȔȣșȓ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ . ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȑȖȋ -ȔȐșȚȐȒ, șȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȗȖ ȖȠȐȉȒȍ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț ȏȈ ȖȉȣȟȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȑ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȉȣȓȖ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ. ȅȚȖ ȉȣȊȈȍȚ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍȊȍȘȕȖ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ . ǵȖ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȗȕ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȖȚ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ-ȟȈȒȘȣ, ȗȖȔȖȋȓȖ ǬțȘȊȈșȍ ǴțȕȐ șȚȈȚȤ țȔȕȍȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȧȍȚ ȏȌȍșȤ șȓȖȊȖ ȈȚȔȈ-ȔȍȌȝȈșȈ. ǶȕȖ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȗȣȚȍ țȉȍȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ ȉȣȓ ȞȈȘȤ. ǫȖȕȐȔȣȑ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȖȑ-ȟȈȒȘȖȑ, ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȗȣȚȈȓșȧ ȕȈȑȚȐ ȏȈȡȐȚț ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊȣ Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ ȌȖȉȘȈȓșȧ ȌȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǺȈȔ Ȗȕ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓșȧ ș ǹȈȔȐȔ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȔ, ȗȖȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ ș ǵȐȔ Ȑ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȕȍ șȔȖȋ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȕȐȧ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ-ȟȈȒȘȣ. ȅȚȖ ȌȈȓȖ ȍȔț ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȗȣȚȍ țȉȍȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȐ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ . ǽȖȚȧ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȑȖȋȖȔ Ȑ țȟȍȕȣȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȘȈȏț șȔȖȋ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȣ . ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ: ȊȈȐȠȕȈȊȍȘȈ ȒȘȐȑȈ ȔțȌȘȈ ȊȐȌȎȕȍȝȈ ȕȈ ȉțȌȎȝȈȑȈ — ȌȈȎȍ șȈȔȣȑ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȌȖ ȒȖȕȞȈ ȖȞȍȕȐȚȤ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ. ǷȣȚȈȧșȤ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ, ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȋȤȧȕȐ Ȑ ȑȖȋȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȔȖȋțȚ ȖȠȐȉȐȚȤșȧ. ǶȞȍȕȐȚȤ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ, ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȕȧȊ, 93


94 ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȐȚ Ȓ ȕȍȔț ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȦȡȐȑ ȍȔț șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȕȍȊȍȘȖȧȚȕȣȍ ȗȖȌȊȐȋȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȒȈȘȔȈȊȈȌȈȚȈȔ ȥȚȈȚ Țȍ ȋȈȑȈȕȚȐ șȊȈȝ-șȚȘȐȑȖ Ȕțȝțȝ ȒȐȘȚȐȔ ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȗțȕȑȈȔ ȟȈ ȒȐȘȚȈȑȐȠȑȈȚȐ ȉȝțȘ ȐȑȈȔ ȒȈȘȔȈ — ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ; ȈȊȈȌȈȚȈȔ — ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȑ; ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖȚ; Țȍ — ȚȊȖȑ; ȋȈȑȈȕȚȐ — ȗȖȦȚ; șȊȈȝ-șȚȘȐȑȈȝ — ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ ș ȘȈȑșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ; Ȕțȝțȝ — ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ; ȒȐȘȚȐȔ — șȓȈȊț; ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȗțȕȑȈȔ — ȊȣșȖȒȖ ȗȘȍȊȖȏȕȖșȐȔțȦ Ȑ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕțȦ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȒȐȘȚȈȑȐȠȑȈȚȐ — ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȚȤ; ȉȝțȝ — ȏȍȔȓȧ; ȐȑȈȔ — ȥȚȈ. ǩȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȐȞȣ ȘȈȑșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ ȉțȌțȚ ȕȍțșȚȈȕȕȖ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȚȤ ȚȊȖȍ ȉȍȏțȒȖȘȐȏȕȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, Ȉ ȓȦȌȐ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȉțȌțȚ ȉȍȏ ȒȖȕȞȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȚȊȖȍȔ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȥȊȈȔ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȑȈ ȘȈȌȎȈȕȈȔ ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ ȗȈȘȐȚȖȠȐȚȈȝ ȑȈȑȈț ȊȐȝȈȑȈșȈȔȈȕȚȘȑȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȈȔ ȈȝȈȐȚțȒȈȔ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; șȈȕȒȐȘȚȑȈ — ȊȖșșȓȈȊȐȊ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕȈȔ — ȞȈȘȧ; ȌțȘȊȈșȈȝ — ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȑȖȋ -ȔȐșȚȐȒ; ȗȈȘȐȚȖȠȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ; ȑȈȑȈț — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ; ȊȐȝȈȑȈșȈ — ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȗțȚȍȔ; ȈȔȈȕȚȘȑȈ — ȐșȗȘȖșȐȊ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȐȧ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȈȔ — Ȓ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȍ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; ȈȝȈȐȚțȒȈȔ — ȋȌȍ ȕȍȚ ȔȍșȚȈ Ȍȓȧ ȉȍșȗȓȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȖȚȊȓȍȟȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ. ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: ǺȈȒ, ȊșȍȔ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȑȖȋ-ȔȐșȚȐȒ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ȐșȗȘȖșȐȓ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȐȧ țȌȈȓȐȚȤșȧ Ȑ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ, ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȧ șȓȈȊȐȚȤ ȞȈȘȧ. ǷȖ ȕȍȉȍșȕȖȔț ȗțȚȐ Ȗȕ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȐ, ȋȌȍ ȕȍȚ ȕȐ ȈȋȕȖșȚȐȒȖȊ, ȕȐ șȈȔȖȕȈȌȍȧȕȕȣȝ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȖȊ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǽȖȚȧ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ ȕȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒț ȗȖ ȕȍȉȍșȕȖȔț ȗțȚȐ, ȍȔț ȕȍ ȕțȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȣȑ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȤ: ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȑȖȋ- ȔȐșȚȐȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȍȘȍȔȍȡȈȚȤșȧ ș ȖȌȕȖȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ ȕȈ ȌȘțȋțȦ ȉȍȏ ȒȈȒȐȝ-ȓȐȉȖ ȔȍȝȈȕȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȘȐșȗȖșȖȉȓȍȕȐȑ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈ ǹȐȌȌȝȈȓȖȒȈ, Ȋșȍ ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȔȖȋțȚ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȖ ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ș ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ ȕȈ ȗȓȈȕȍȚț, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ș ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȊȓȈȌȍȦȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈȔȐ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȐ . ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȑȖȋ- ȔȐșȚȐȒ, ȚȖȎȍ ȔȖȋ ȗȖ ȕȍȉȍșȕȖȔț ȗțȚȐ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, ȌȈȎȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȐ. ǵȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȍ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȎȐȚȍȓȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȍȑ șȍȉȧ ȌțȠȖȑ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȈȔ ȕȍȚ ȕțȎȌȣ Ȋ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȝ ȐȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧȝ ȘȈȌȐ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǶȟȍȊȐȌȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒț Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȍȍ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȧȔ Ȗ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ Ȑ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȣ ȊȣȠȍ Ȋșȍȝ 94


95 ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǺȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȋȤȧȕȐ Ȑ ȑȖȋȐ ȕȍ ȐȌțȚ ȕȐ Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȍ șȘȈȊȕȍȕȐȍ ș ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 șȈȔȊȈȚșȈȘȖ 'ȚȑȈȋȈȚ ȚȈȊȈȌ ȑȈȊȈȚȈ ȕȈȋȈȚȖ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȔțȕȐș ȚȈȌ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȒȈȕȒȠȖ ȘȈȌȎȈȉ-ȉȝȈȒȠȖ ȉȈȉȝțȊȈ ȝȈ șȈȔȊȈȚșȈȘȈȝ — ȖȌȐȕ ȋȖȌ; ȈȚȑȈȋȈȚ — ȗȘȖȠȍȓ; ȚȈȊȈȚ — ș Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ; ȑȈȊȈȚȈ — ȗȖȒȈ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȋȈȚȈȝ — ȊȍȘȕțȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — țȠȍȌȠȐȑ (ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ); ȔțȕȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȚȈȚ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ-ȈȒȈȕȒȠȈȝ — ȗȖȎȍȓȈȊȠȐȑ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȍȋȖ; ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘȤ; ȈȗȉȝȈȒȠȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, Ȍȓȧ ȒȖȋȖ ȊȖȌȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȗȐȡȍȑ; ȉȈȉȝțȊȈ — ȖșȚȈȊȈȓșȧ; ȝȈ — ȖȌȕȈȒȖ. ǷȘȍȎȌȍ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț, ȚȖȚ, ȖȎȐȌȈȧ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȧ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ, ȗȖșȚȐȓșȧ Ȟȍȓȣȑ ȋȖȌ Ȑ ȎȐȓ ȕȈ ȖȌȕȖȑ ȊȖȌȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 24 ȋȈȚȍ 'ȚȝȈ ȌțȘȊȈșȈșȐ șȖ 'ȔȉȈȘȐȠȖ ȌȊȐȌȎȖȗȈȑȖȋȈȚȐȗȈȊȐȚȘȈȔ ȈȝȈȘȈȚ ȘȐȠȍȘ ȊȐȔȖȒȠȈȔ ȊȑȈșȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ ȊȐȒȠȑȈ Ȕȍȕȍ șȊȈ-ȊȐȘȑȈȔ ȟȈ ȗȈȘȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȋȈȚȍ — ȗȖ ȗȘȐȠȍșȚȊȐȐ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȌțȘȊȈșȈșȐ — ǬțȘȊȈșȣ, ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȑȖȋȈ ȔȐșȚȐȒȈ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ȞȈȘȤ); ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȝ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈ-țȗȈȑȖȋȈ — ȌȖșȚȖȑȕțȦ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȈȚȐ- ȗȈȊȐȚȘȈȔ — ȟȐșȚȍȑȠțȦ ȗȐȡț; ȈȝȈȘȈȚ — ȗȖȌȕȍș (ȍȔț Ȑ ȗȖȍȓ șȈȔ); ȘȐȠȍȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ; ȊȐȔȖȒȠȈȔ — șȗȈșȍȕȐȍ; ȊȑȈșȈȕȈȔ — ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȤ ȉȣȚȤ șȗȈȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȟȈȒȘȖȑ ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕȖȑ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȊȐȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; Ȕȍȕȍ — șȚȈȓ ȖȉȌțȔȣȊȈȚȤ; șȊȈ-ȊȐȘȑȈȔ — șȊȖȍ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȗȈȘȈ-ȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȔ — ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȧȡȍȍ Ȑȏ ȍȋȖ ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȋȖȌ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ, ȞȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ țȋȖșȚȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȘȖșȒȖȠȕȣȔ ȖȉȍȌȖȔ Ȑȏ șȈȔȣȝ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȉȓȦȌ, Ȉ ȗȖȚȖȔ Ȑ șȈȔ ȗȖȍȓ. ǻȉȍȌȐȊȠȐșȤ, ȟȚȖ șȚȘȈȠȕȣȑ ȖȋȖȕȤ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȍ ȋȘȖȏȐȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕț ǬțȘȊȈșȍ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ ȍȋȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȖ ȕȈȌȍȓȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȌȈȓ ȥȚȖȔț ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȧ, ȐȉȖ ȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȌȍȓȈȍȚșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȕȧȚ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖȔ Ȍȍȓ. ǩȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ — ȥȚȖ ȔȍșȚȖ, ȋȌȍ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȐ ȗȖȌșȚȍȘȍȋȈȦȚ ȕȈ ȒȈȎȌȖȔ ȠȈȋț, ȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȍȋȖ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȐȚ. dzțȟȠȐȑ ȚȖȔț ȗȘȐȔȍȘ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ. ǷȘȈȊȧ ȔȐȘȖȔ, Ȗȕ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȓ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ Ȑ ȕȍȘȍȌȒȖ șȚȈȓȒȐȊȈȓșȧ ș ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȖȏȌȈȊȈȓȐ ȍȔț ȓȦȌȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ǬțȘȊȈșȍ ǴțȕȐ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȞȈȘȤ ȚȍȘȗȍȓȐȊȖ ȗȍȘȍȕȖșȐȓ Ȋșȍ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȓȈȋȈȧșȤ ȕȈ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ (șȈȘȊȈșȑȈ ȟȈȝȈȔ ȝȘȐȌȐ șȈȕȕȐȊȐȠȚȈȝ) Ȑ Ȋșȍ țșȚȘȈȐȊȈȍȚ ȗȖ ǹȊȖȍȔț ȎȍȓȈȕȐȦ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, ȝȖȚȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ 95


96 ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ Ȑ șȚȖȓȒȕțȓșȧ ș ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔȐ ȕȍȗȘȐȧȚȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȧȊȐȊȠȐȑ ȍȔț ǹȊȖȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ, Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ țșȚȘȖȐȓ Ȋșȍ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ Ȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ șȚȈȓȐ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔȐ ȌȘțȏȤȧȔȐ Ȑ ȗȖȗȘȖȡȈȓȐșȤ ș ȚȍȗȓȖȚȖȑ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ, ȒȈȒ Ȑ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ (ȉȝȈȒȚȐ- ȑȖȋȈȔ) . ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȓțȟȈȧ ǬțȘȊȈșȈ ǴțȕȐ țȉȍȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȐ, ȝȖȚȧ șȈȔ ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȑȖȋȖȔ- ȔȐșȚȐȒȖȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (6.47): ȑȖȋȐȕȈȔ ȈȗȐ șȈȘȊȍȠȈȔ ȔȈȌ-ȋȈȚȍȕȈȕȚȈȘȈȚȔȈȕȈ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȊȈȕ ȉȝȈȌȎȈȚȍ ȑȖ ȔȈȔ șȈ Ȕȍ ȑțȒȚȈȚȈȔȖ ȔȈȚȈȝ «Ǩ Ȑȏ Ȋșȍȝ ȑȖȋȖȊ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕ Ȋ ȔȣșȓȐ ȖȉȖ Ǵȕȍ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȔ Ȋ ȍȋȖ șȍȘȌȞȍ, Ȑ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȑ ȕȍȗȖȒȖȓȍȉȐȔȖȑ ȊȍȘȣ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȑ șȓțȎȐȚ Ǵȕȍ ș ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ, șȊȧȏȈȕ șȖ ǴȕȖȑ șȈȔȣȔȐ ȚȍșȕȣȔȐ țȏȈȔȐ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȊȣșȠȍȑ șȚțȗȍȕȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ». ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȈȔȣȔ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȑȖȋȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ, șȓțȟȐȊȠȈȧșȧ ș ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȑ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍȑ Ȑ ǬțȘȊȈșȖȑ ǴțȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 ȥȊȈȔ ȊȐȌȝȈȕȍȒȈ-ȋțȕȈȝ șȈ ȘȈȌȎȈ ȗȈȘȈȚȔȈȕȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ ȒȘȐȑȈ-ȒȈȓȈȗȈȐȝ șȈȔțȊȈȝȈ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȔ ȑȈȑȈȊȐȘȐȕȟȑȈȕ ȕȐȘȈȑȈȔȠ ȟȈȒȈȘȈ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȊȐȌȝȈ-ȈȕȍȒȈ-ȋțȕȈȝ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȔȐ ȉȓȈȋȐȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ); ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘȤ; ȗȈȘȈȈȚȔȈȕȐ — ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ — ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕț; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ — ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ, DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȒȘȐȑȈ- ȒȈȓȈȗȈȐȝ — ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȌȍȓȈȔȐ; șȈȔțȊȈȝȈ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȓ; ȉȝȈȒȚȐȔ — ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ; ȑȈȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ; ȈȊȐȘȐȕȟȑȈȕ — ȌȖ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȍȑ Ȑȏ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ; ȕȐȘȈȑȈȕ — ȌȖ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ ȈȌȈ; ȟȈȒȈȘȈ — ȕȈ ȖȗȣȚȍ țȉȍȌȐȓșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȊșȦȌț ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȗȖȌșȚȍȘȍȋȈȦȚ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȐ. ǩȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȊȖȍȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȔȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȖȏȕȈȊȈȓ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔț Ȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ șȚȈȓȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ. DzȈȒ ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȗȕ șȟȐȚȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ȕȐȟȍȔ ȕȍ ȓțȟȠȍ ȈȌșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȑ Ȑ ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȖȏȕȈȍȚ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔț Ȑ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȈ. ǬȘțȋȐȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȏȕȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȐȗȖșȚȈșȐ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ȚȘȍȝ țȘȖȊȕȧȝ: ȕȈ țȘȖȊȕȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ Ȑ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȈ (ȉȘȈȝȔȍȚȐ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȍȚȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȐȚȐ ȠȈȉȌȑȈȚȍ) . ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, ȏȕȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ (ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈȝ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȐȚȐ), ȐȉȖ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ, DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ Ȋ ǹȍȉȧ Ȑ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔț, Ȑ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȕȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȐ ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȚȤ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔț ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȐșȚȍȔȣ ȑȖȋȐ: ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌțȔȈȍȚ Ȗ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ, țȎȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȓțȟȠȐȔ Ȑȏ ȑȖȋȖȊ (ȑȖȋȐȕȈȔ ȈȗȐ șȈȘȊȍȠȈȔ). ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȋȤȧȕȣ, ȚȖ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȚȈȓ 96


97 șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȖȑ (ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈȝ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȐȚȐ șȈ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈ șțȌțȘȓȈȉȝȈȝ). ǴȈȝȈȚȔȈ — ȥȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȏȕȈȓ Ȋșȍ Ȗ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȍ, Ȗ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȍ, Ȗ ȔȈȑȍ, Ȗ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, Ȗ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ Ȑ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȗȖȊșȦȌț. ǭȔț ȉȣȓȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ Ȋșȍ. DZȈșȔȐȕ ȊȐȌȎȕȈȚȍ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȥȊȈȔ ȊȐȌȎȕȈȚȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȐ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȏȕȈȍȚ ǪȈșțȌȍȊț, Ȗȕ ȏȕȈȍȚ Ȑ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ (ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈȝ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȐȚȐ șȈ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈ șțȌțȘȓȈȉȝȈȝ) . ǺȈȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȕȍ ȊȐȌȐȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȑ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ șȈȔȣȝ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧȝ șȟȈșȚȤȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ-ȗȈȘȈȝ șȈȘȊȍ ȕȈ ȒțȚȈȠȟȈȕȈ ȉȐȉȝȑȈȚȐ șȊȈȘȋȈȗȈȊȈȘȋȈ-ȕȈȘȈȒȍȠȊ ȈȗȐ ȚțȓȑȈȘȚȝȈ-ȌȈȘȠȐȕȈȝ ǩȝȈȋ., 6.17.28 ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȣȑ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȕȍ ȟțȊșȚȊțȍȚ ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȧ ȕȐ Ȓ ȒȈȒȖȔț ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȦ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȀȘȐȓȈ ǷȘȈȉȖȌȝȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ ȕȈȗȐșȈȓ (ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ-ȟȈȕȌȘȈȔȘȐȚȈ, 5): ȒȈȐȊȈȓȑȈȔ ȕȈȘȈȒȈȑȈȚȍ ȚȘȐȌȈȠȈ-ȗțȘ ȈȒȈȠȈ-ȗțȠȗȈȑȈȚȍ ȌțȘȌȈȕȚȍȕȌȘȐȑȈ-ȒȈȓȈ-șȈȘȗȈ-ȗȈȚȈȓȐ ȗȘȖȚȒȝȈȚȈ-ȌȈȔȠȚȘȈȑȈȚȍ ȊȐȠȊȈȔ ȗțȘȕȈ-șțȒȝȈȑȈȚȍ ȊȐȌȝȐ-ȔȈȝȍȕȌȘȈȌȐȠ ȟȈ ȒȐȚȈȑȈȚȍ ȑȈȚ-ȒȈȘțȕȑȈ-ȒȈȚȈȒȠȈ-ȊȈȐȉȝȈȊȈ-ȊȈȚȈȔ ȚȈȔ ȋȈțȘȈȔ ȥȊȈ șȚțȔȈȝ ǺȖȔț, ȒȚȖ, șȓțȎȈ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȌțȠȈȔ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȔ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȍ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, șȚȈȓ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ ȒȈȐȊȈȓȤȐ, șȓȐȧȕȐȧ ș ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ ȕȐȟȍȔ ȕȍ ȓțȟȠȍ ȈȌȈ. ǿȚȖ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȕȈ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ, ȚȖ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȕȈ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȈ ȜȈȕȚȈșȔȈȋȖȘȐȐ ȐȓȐ ȔȐȘȈȎț Ȋ ȗțșȚȣȕȍ, Ȉ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȔȣȍ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȑȖȋȐ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȚ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȑȝ ȞȍȓȤ Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȈ ȍȔț Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȖ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔ ȚȖȋȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȘȈȏȊȐȊȈȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, șȓȍȌțȧ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȈȚȝȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈș ȚȈȕȈȑȍȠț ȘȈȌȎȑȈȔ șȈȔȈȕȈ-ȠȐȓȍȠț ȊȐșȘȐȌȎȑȈ ȌȝȐȘȈȝ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȊȐȊȍȠȈȚȔȈȕȐ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ ȔȈȕȖ ȌȈȌȝȈȌ ȌȝȊȈșȚȈ-ȋțȕȈ-ȗȘȈȊȈȝȈȝ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ; ȚȈȕȈȑȍȠț — ȔȍȎȌț șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ; ȘȈȌȎȑȈȔ — ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ; șȈȔȈȕȈȠȐȓȍȠț — șȘȍȌȐ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ Ȋ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊȈȝ ȕȍ țșȚțȗȈȓ ȖȚȞț; ȊȐșȘȐȌȎȑȈ — ȘȈȏȌȍȓȐȊ; ȌȝȐȘȈȝ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȕȍȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȌȍȕȕȣȑ Ȋ șȊȖȍȑ țȟȍȕȖșȚȐ; ȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȍș; ȊȐȊȍȠȈ — ȊȖȠȍȓ; ȈȚȔȈȕȐ — ȕȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ — ȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ DzȘȐȠȕȍ (ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ); ȔȈȕȈȝ — țȔ; ȌȈȌȝȈȚ — șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȊȈȦȡȐȑ; ȌȝȊȈșȚȈ — ȗȖȉȍȎȌȍȕȖ; ȋțȕȈ-ȗȘȈȊȈȝȈȝ — ȊȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȋțȕ. 97


98 ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȓțȟȈȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, șȚȈȊȠȐȑ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȕȍ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȔȐȘșȒȐȔȐ ȌȍȓȈȔȐ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ șȍȔȍȑȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ. Ƕȕ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȔȍȎȌț șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ, ȕȍ țșȚțȗȈȊȠȐȔȐ Ȋ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊȈȝ ȖȚȞț, Ȉ șȈȔ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝț Ȑ țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȚȤ țȔ ȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǩțȌțȟȐ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȗȘȐ ȓȦȉȣȝ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈȝ ȉȣȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ, ȐȉȖ, ȒȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǸțȗȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕ. ȐȝȈ ȑȈșȑȈ ȝȈȘȍȘ ȌȈșȑȍ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈ ȔȈȕȈșȈ ȋȐȘȈ ȕȐȒȝȐȓȈșȊ Ȉȗȑ ȈȊȈșȚȝȈșț ȌȎȐȊȈȕ-ȔțȒȚȈȝ șȈ țȟȑȈȚȍ Ǫ «ǩȝȈȒȚȐ-ȘȈșȈȔȘȐȚȈ-șȐȕȌȝț» ȀȘȐȓȈ ǸțȗȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȖȌȕȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ — șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, țȎȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕ, ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖ ȖȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ Ȗȕ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚ. ȅȚȖ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȑ Ȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍ, ȕȖ, ȒȈȒ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȞȈȘȤ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝț Ȑ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ șȍȔȍȑȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǶȟȍȕȤ ȊȈȎȕȖ ȗȖ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȐ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȈ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȉȘȍȔȍȕȐ șȍȔȍȑȕȣȝ Ȍȍȓ Ȑ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗȈȝ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ. ǰȔȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ȔȍȎȌț șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș, ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ șȍȔȤȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȐȚȑ ȥȚȈȚ ȗțȕȑȈȔ ȈȒȝȑȈȕȈȔ ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈșȑȈ ȉȝțȗȈȚȍ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȑȈȕȕ ȈȕțȌȝȑȈȑȈȕ ȉȝȈȒȚȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȖ ȉȝȈȊȍȚ ȐȚȐ — ȐȚȈȒ; ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖȚ; ȗțȕȑȈȔ ȈȒȝȑȈȕȈȔ — ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȍȑȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȖȔȕȐȚ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ; ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈșȑȈ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ; ȉȝțȗȈȚȍ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ); șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȑȈȕ — ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȦȡȐȑ (ȗȍȘȍșȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ); ȈȕțȌȝȑȈȑȈȕ — șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȖ ȖȉȌțȔȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ; ȉȝȈȒȚȈȝ — ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȉȝȈȊȍȚ — șȚȈȕȍȚ. dzȦȉȖȑ, ȒȚȖ ȗȍȘȍșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȥȚț ȐșȚȖȘȐȦ ȐȓȐ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȌțȔȈȍȚ Ȗ ȎȐȏȕȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ, ȕȍȗȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ șȚȈȕȍȚ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȑ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȋȖȘȐȚ ȎȈȎȌȖȑ ȖȉȖȋȈȡȍȕȐȧ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤșȧ, ȌȈȎȍ șȚȈȊ ȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȍȘȖȔ ȐȓȐ ȔțȓȤȚȐȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȍȘȖȔ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȓȦȉȣȔȐ șȗȖșȖȉȈȔȐ șȚȈȘȈȍȚșȧ ȗȖȓțȟȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȍȍȕȍȋ. ǵȍȟȚȖ ȗȖȝȖȎȍȍ șȊȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȖ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȌțȔȈȍȚ: «ȅȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȍȓ ȔȖȍȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ». ǿȍȔ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȗȕ șȓțȎȐȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȚȍȔ șȐȓȤȕȍȍ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȍȋȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ șȓțȎȐȚȤ. ǺȈȒȖȊȈ ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ȌȈȎȍ ȎȐȊȧ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ, ȖșȚȈȊȈȓșȧ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ: ȍȋȖ țȔ Ȑ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȉȣȓȐ ȏȈȕȧȚȣ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ (șȈ ȊȈȐ ȔȈȕȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȗȈȌȈȘȈȊȐȕȌȈȑȖȘ ȊȈȟȈȔșȐ ȊȈȐȒțȕȚȝȈ-ȋțȕȈȕțȊȈȘȕȈȕȍ) . Ƕȕ ȟȍȘȗȈȓ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ Ȋ șȍȉȍ șȈȔȖȔ, ȐȉȖ 98


99 Ȋșȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț (șȈȘȊȖȗȈȌȝȐ- ȊȐȕȐȘȔțȒȚȈȔ ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȘȈȚȊȍȕȈ ȕȐȘȔȈȓȈȔ / ȝȘȐȠȐȒȍȕȈ ȝȘȐȠȐȒȍȠȈ-șȍȊȈȕȈȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȘ țȟȑȈȚȍ). ǺȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȌȖȔ Ȑ țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȚȤ șȊȖȑ țȔ ȕȈ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗȈȝ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȌȍȓȤȞț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȒ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ ȏȈȘȈȉȖȚȈȚȤ ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ. ǹȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ ȒȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȌȍȓȈȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ Ȑ ȌȈȍȚ ȍȔț Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȤȠțȦ șȊȖȉȖȌț. ǬȍȓȍȞ Ȏȍ, ȗȖȌȊȓȈșȚȕȣȑ ȏȈȒȖȕȈȔ ȒȈȘȔȣ, Ȋ ȗȖȋȖȕȍ ȏȈ ȌȍȕȤȋȈȔȐ ȓȐȠȤ ȋȓțȉȎȍ țȊȧȏȈȍȚ Ȋ ȚȘȧșȐȕȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈșȑȈ ȟȈȘȐȚȈȔ ȑȍ ȠȘȐȕȊȈȕȚȐ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȔțȒȚȐȔ ȗȘȈȑȈȕȚȐ Țȍ șȈȘȊȍ ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ ȊȐȠȕȖȝ ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȚȈȝ ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈșȑȈ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ; ȟȈȘȐȚȈȔ — șȊȖȑșȚȊȈ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȈ; ȑȍ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ; ȠȘȐȕȊȈȕȚȐ — șȓțȠȈȦȚ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ; ȔțȒȚȐȔ — ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ; ȗȘȈȑȈȕȚȐ — ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȦȚ; Țȍ — Țȍ; șȈȘȊȍ — Ȋșȍ; ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ — (ȖȌȕȐȔ ȓȐȠȤ) ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ; ȊȐȠȕȖȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț; ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȚȈȝ — ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ. ǷȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋșȍ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȠȈȍȚ Ȗ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȖȉȘȍȚțȚ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȒȖȘȖ șȚȈȕțȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȗȧȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǬȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǹȗȈșȍȕȐȍ ǬțȘȊȈșȣ ǴțȕȐ».

Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɲɟɫɬɚɹ. ɉɚɞɟɧɢɟ ɋɚɭɛɯɚɪɢ Ɇɭɧɢ ǯȈȒȖȕȟȐȊ ȘȈșșȒȈȏ Ȗ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ, ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ȖȉȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȞȈȘȧȝ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȧ ȖȚ ȀȈȠȈȌȣ Ȑ ȌȖ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ șȊȧȏȐ Ȗȕ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ, ȒȈȒ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ȎȍȕȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȌȖȟȍȘȧȝ ȞȈȘȧ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ. ǻ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ ȉȣȓȖ ȚȘȐ șȣȕȈ: ǪȐȘțȗȈ, DzȍȚțȔȈȕ Ȑ ȀȈȔȉȝț. ǶȚ ǪȐȘțȗȣ ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȍȓ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȈȠȊȈ, Ȉ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ — ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȈ. ǻ ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, ȕȖ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȗȖȔȖȡȐ ț ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ, ȚȖȚ ȏȈȟȈȓ Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ Ȏȍȕȣ ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȐȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǶȕȐ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȓȐ ȘȖȌȣ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ ǸȐȠȐ Ȑ ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ. ǻ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț, șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕț, ȉȣȓȖ șȚȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǺȘȍȝ șȚȈȘȠȐȝ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ, ǵȐȔȐ Ȑ ǬȈȕȌȈȒȈ. ǹȣȕȖȊȤȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȧȝ ȔȐȘȈ. ǶȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȥȚȐȝ ȞȈȘȍȑ, ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ, ȕȈȘțȠȐȓ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ ȗȘȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȧȋȤȐ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȉȣȓ ȐȏȋȕȈȕ Ȑȏ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ. ǹȈȔ Ȏȍ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț șȐȓȖȑ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȐ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȍȋȖ șȣȕ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ Ȑȏ ȐȏȋȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ Ȋȏȧȓ ȉȘȈȏȌȣ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȋ șȊȖȐ ȘțȒȐ. Ƕȕ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ Ȑ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ 99


100 țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖȏȎȍ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȓșȧ ȗȖȌ ȐȔȍȕȍȔ ȀȈȠȈȌȣ. ǹȣȕ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ șȘȈȎȈȓșȧ ș ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔȐ, ȏȈȡȐȡȈȧ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ. ǯȈ ȥȚȖ Ȗȕ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȐȔȍȕȈ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȧ, ǰȕȌȘȈȊȈȝȈ Ȑ DzȈȒțȚșȚȝȈ. ǶȚ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǨȕȍȕȈ, ȖȚ Ǩȕȍȕȣ — ǷȘȐȚȝț, Ȉ ȖȚ ǷȘȐȚȝț — ǪȐȠȊȈȋȈȕȌȝȐ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǪȐȠȊȈȋȈȕȌȝȐ șȚȈȓ ȟȈȕȌȘȈ, șȣȕȖȔ ȟȈȕȌȘȣ — ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ — ȀȘȈȊȈșȚȈ, ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȊȠȐȑ ȀȘȈȊȈșȚȐ-ǷțȘȐ. ǻ ȀȘȈȊȈșȚȣ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ǩȘȐȝȈȌȈȠȊȈ, Ȉ ț ȕȍȋȖ — șȣȕ DzțȊȈȓȈȧȠȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ țȉȐȓ ȌȍȔȖȕȈ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȝțȕȌȝț. ǯȈ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȖȌȊȐȋ ȍȋȖ șȚȈȓȐ ȏȊȈȚȤ ǬȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȘȖȑ, «țȉȐȊȠȐȔ ǬȝțȕȌȝț». ǹȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ ǬȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȘȣ ȉȣȓȐ ǬȘȐȌȝȈȠȊȈ, DzȈȗȐȓȈȠȊȈ Ȑ ǩȝȈȌȘȈȠȊȈ. ǻ ǬȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȘȣ ȉȣȓȖ ȍȡȍ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ Țȣșȧȟ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, ȕȖ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ șȋȖȘȍȓȐ Ȋ Ȗȋȕȍ, ȐșȝȖȌȧȡȍȔ ȖȚ ǬȝțȕȌȝț. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǬȘȐȌȝȈȠȊȣ ȉȣȓ ǵȈȘȤȧȠȊȈ, șȣȕȖȔ ǵȈȘȤȧȠȊȣ — ǵȐȒțȔȉȝȈ, șȣȕȖȔ ǵȐȒțȔȉȝȐ — ǩȈȝțȓȈȠȊȈ, Ȉ șȣȕȖȔ ǩȈȝțȓȈȠȊȣ — DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȈ. ǹȣȕȈ DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȣ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǹȍȕȈȌȎȐȚȖȔ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȈ — ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȖȑ. ǻ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ ȉȣȓȖ șȚȖ Ȏȍȕ, ȕȖ ȕȐ ȖȌȕȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȋȓȈ ȘȖȌȐȚȤ ȍȔț șȣȕȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș. Ǫ ȓȍșț ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȖȚ ȍȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ, ȐȔȍȕțȍȔȖȍ ǰȕȌȘȈ-ȧȋȤȍȑ . Ǫ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ Țȍȝ Ȍȕȍȑ ȞȈȘȤ, ȚȖȔȐȔȣȑ ȎȈȎȌȖȑ, ȊȣȗȐȓ ȊȖȌȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȉȣȓȈ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȈ Ȍȓȧ ȧȋȤȐ . ǿȍȘȍȏ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȑȏ ȗȘȈȊȖȑ șȚȖȘȖȕȣ ȍȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȈ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ. ǬȐȊȕȖȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȣ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒ ȗȓȈȒȈȓ, ȚȘȍȉțȧ ȋȘțȌȕȖȋȖ ȔȖȓȖȒȈ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǰȕȌȘȈ ȌȈȓ ȍȔț ȗȖșȖșȈȚȤ șȊȖȑ țȒȈȏȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȗȈȓȍȞ, Ȑ ș Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ șȣȕȈ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ șȚȈȓȐ ȏȊȈȚȤ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȖȑ. ǷȖȏȎȍ ȞȈȘȤ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȓ șȍȉȧ ȈșȒȍȏȍ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. Ǫ ȌȈȓȤȕȍȑȠȍȔ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ șȚȈȓ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ Ȑ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ Ȋșȍȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȖȑ, șȖșȚȖȧȡȍȑ Ȑȏ șȍȔȐ ȖșȚȘȖȊȖȊ. ǪȖȘȣ Ȑ ȘȈȏȉȖȑȕȐȒȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȉȖȧȓȐșȤ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȏȊȈȓȐ ǺȘȈșȈȌȌȈșȤȦ, «ȋȘȖȏȖȑ ȊȖȘȖȊ Ȑ ȘȈȏȉȖȑȕȐȒȖȊ». Ǫ ȓȖȕȍ șȊȖȍȑ Ȏȍȕȣ ǩȐȕȌțȔȈȚȐ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ ȏȈȟȈȓ ȚȘȍȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǯȊȈȓȐ Ȑȝ ǷțȘțȒțȚșȈ, ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ Ȑ ǴțȟțȒțȕȌȈ. ǻ ȕȐȝ ȉȣȓȖ ȍȡȍ ȗȧȚȤȌȍșȧȚ șȍșȚȍȘ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȚȈȓȐ ȎȍȕȈȔȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ șȊȧȏȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ ȐșȚȖȘȐȦ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ, țȊȐȌȍȊ ȌȊțȝ șȖȊȖȒțȗȓȧȦȡȐȝșȧ ȘȣȉȖȒ, ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȍ Ȑ șȖȠȍȓ ș ȗțȚȐ ȑȖȋȐ . ǶȝȊȈȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȎȈȎȌȖȑ ȗȓȖȚșȒȐȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ, Ȗȕ ȎȍȕȐȓșȧ ȕȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȌȖȟȍȘȧȝ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ. ǷȖȏȎȍ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȋȖȘȤȒȖ ȘȈșȒȈȐȊȈȓșȧ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝț, șȚȈȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ șțȘȖȊțȦ ȈșȒȍȏț Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ Ȑ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ Ȏȍȕȣ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȚȖȎȍ ȖȉȘȍȓȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȊȐȘțȗȈȝ ȒȍȚțȔȈȕ ȟȝȈȔȉȝțȘ ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ-șțȚȈș ȚȘȈȑȈȝ ȊȐȘțȗȈȚ ȗȘȐȠȈȌȈȠȊȖ 'ȉȝțȚ ȚȈȚ-ȗțȚȘȈș Țț ȘȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȈȝ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȊȐȘțȗȈȝ — ǪȐȘțȗȈ; ȒȍȚțȔȈȕ — DzȍȚțȔȈȕ; ȠȈȔȉȝțȝ — ȀȈȔȉȝț; ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ; șțȚȈȝ ȚȘȈȑȈȝ — 100


101 ȚȘȖȍ (șȣȕȖȊȍȑ); ȊȐȘțȗȈȚ — ȖȚ ǪȐȘțȗȣ; ȗȘȐȠȈȌȈȠȊȈȝ — ǷȘȐȠȈȌȈȠȊȈ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ; ȚȈȚ- ȗțȚȘȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ; Țț — Ȏȍ; ȘȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȈȝ — ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȈ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ƕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ț ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ ȉȣȓȖ ȚȘȐ șȣȕȈ — ǪȐȘțȗȈ, DzȍȚțȔȈȕ Ȑ ȀȈȔȉȝț. ǶȚ ǪȐȘțȗȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȈȠȊȈ, Ȉ ȖȚ ǷȘȐȠȈȌȈȠȊȣ — ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȘȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȈșȑȈȗȘȈȌȎȈșȑȈ ȉȝȈȘȑȈȑȈȔ ȚȈȕȚȈȊȍ 'ȘȚȝȐȚȈȝ ȈȕȋȐȘȈ ȌȎȈȕȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȈȘȟȈșȊȐȕȈȝ șțȚȈȕ ȘȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȈșȑȈ — ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ; ȈȗȘȈȌȎȈșȑȈ — ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȍȋȖ ȌȍȚȍȑ; ȉȝȈȘȑȈȑȈȔ — ț Ȏȍȕȣ; ȚȈȕȚȈȊȍ — Ȍȓȧ țȊȍȓȐȟȍȕȐȧ ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȈ; ȈȘȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, Ȓ ȒȖȔț ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȈ ȗȘȖșȤȉȈ; ȈȕȋȐȘȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǨȕȋȐȘȈ; ȌȎȈȕȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȗȖȘȖȌȐȓ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȊȈȘȟȈșȊȐȕȈȝ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȐȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; șțȚȈȕ — șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȈ ȉȣȓ ȉȍȏȌȍȚȕȣȔ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǨȕȋȐȘț ȏȈȟȈȚȤ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǪȣȗȖȓȕȧȧ ȥȚț ȗȘȖșȤȉț, ǨȕȋȐȘȈ ȏȈȟȈȓ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ Ȏȍȕȣ ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ. Ǫșȍ ȖȕȐ ȖȚ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȉȣȓȐ ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȣ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȈ ȉȣȊȈȓȖ, ȟȚȖ ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ Ȑȏ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȕȐȏȒȖȋȖ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ ȗȘȖșȐȓ ȒȖȋȖ-ȚȖ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ ȘȈȌȐ țȓțȟȠȍȕȐȧ ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȈ ȏȈȟȈȚȤ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ șȊȖȍȑ Ȏȍȕȣ. Ǫ ȚȈȒȐȝ șȓțȟȈȧȝ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȓȐ ș ȗȈȝȖȚȕȣȔ ȗȖȓȍȔ. ǪȓȈȌȍȓȍȞ ȗȖȓȧ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȈȕȧȚȤ ȒȖȋȖ-ȚȖ Ȍȓȧ ȖȉȘȈȉȖȚȒȐ ȏȍȔȓȐ Ȑ ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȐȧ țȘȖȎȈȧ, ȕȖ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ țȘȖȎȈȑ ȊȣȘȈșȚȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȏȍȔȓȍ, Ȗȕ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤȦ ȏȍȔȓȍȊȓȈȌȍȓȤȞȈ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȈȓȖșȤ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț ȖȗȓȖȌȖȚȊȖȘȧȓ ȕȍ ȍȍ ȔțȎ, Ȉ ȒȚȖ-ȚȖ ȌȘțȋȖȑ, ȕȖ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ, ȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȍȦ, șȟȐȚȈȓȐșȤ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ ȔțȎȈ. ǺȈȒȐȝ ȌȍȚȍȑ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȓȐ ȒȠȍȚȘȈ- ȌȎȈȚȈ . ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ț ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, Ȗȕ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȥȚȖȔț ȖȉȣȟȈȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȥȚȍ ȒȠȍȚȘȈ-ȗȘȈșțȚȈ ȊȈȐ ȗțȕȈș ȚȊ ȈȕȋȐȘȈșȈȝ șȔȘȐȚȈȝ ȘȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȈȊȈȘȈȝ ȒȠȍȚȘȖȗȍȚȈ ȌȊȐ-ȌȎȈȚȈȑȈȝ ȥȚȍ — ȥȚȐ (șȣȕȖȊȤȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȘȖȌȐȓȐșȤ ȖȚ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ); ȒȠȍȚȘȈ-ȗȘȈșțȚȈȝ — șȚȈȊȠȐȍ ȌȍȚȤȔȐ ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ Ȑ ȟȓȍȕȈȔȐ ȍȋȖ șȍȔȤȐ (ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȘȖȌȐȓȐșȤ ț ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕȣ); ȊȈȐ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȗțȕȈȝ — ȖȗȧȚȤ; Țț — ȕȖ; ȈȕȋȐȘȈșȈȝ — ȟȓȍȕȣ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ; șȔȘȐȚȈȝ — șȟȐȚȈȊȠȐȍșȧ; ȘȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȈȕȈȔ — șȘȍȌȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ; ȗȘȈȊȈȘȈȝ — ȗȍȘȊȣȍ; ȒȠȍȚȘȈ-țȗȍȚȈȝ — ȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȍșȧ ȖȚ ȒȠȍȚȘȣ (ȗȖȓȧ); ȌȊȐ-ȌȎȈȚȈȑȈȝ — ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ (ȕȈȗȖȓȖȊȐȕț ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȕȈȗȖȓȖȊȐȕț ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ ). ǸȖȌȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȑȏ ȟȘȍȊȈ Ȏȍȕȣ ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ, ȥȚȐ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ șȚȈȓȐ șȟȐȚȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȔȐ ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ, ȕȖ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȑȝ ȒȘȖȊȕȣȔ ȖȚȞȖȔ ȉȣȓ ǨȕȋȐȘȈ, ȖȕȐ șȟȐȚȈȓȐșȤ Ȑ 101


102 ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȔȐ ǨȕȋȐȘȣ. ǰȏ Ȋșȍȝ ȟȓȍȕȖȊ ȘȖȌȈ ǸȈȚȝȐȚȈȘȣ ȥȚȐ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ȉȣȓȐ șȈȔȣȔȐ ȊȣȌȈȦȡȐȔȐșȧ, ȐȉȖ ȘȖȌȐȓȐșȤ ȖȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚ șȓȖȊȖ ȌȊȐȌȎȈȚȈȑȈȝ ȒȈȒ «șȔȍȠȈȕȕȈȧ ȒȈșȚȈ». ǶȕȖ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ șȔȍȠȍȕȐȍ ȒȘȖȊȍȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧ . ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȒȠțȊȈȚȈș Țț ȔȈȕȖȘ ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ ȐȒȠȊȈȒțȘ ȋȝȘȈȕȈȚȈȝ șțȚȈȝ ȚȈșȑȈ ȗțȚȘȈ-ȠȈȚȈ-ȌȎȑȍȠȚȝȈ ȊȐȒțȒȠȐ-ȕȐȔȐ-ȌȈȕȌȈȒȈȝ ȒȠțȊȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȟȐȝȈȦȡȍȋȖ; Țț — Ȏȍ; ȔȈȕȖȝ — ǴȈȕț; ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; ȐȒȠȊȈȒțȝ — ǰȒȠȊȈȒț; ȋȝȘȈȕȈȚȈȝ — Ȑȏ ȕȖȏȌȘȐ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǰȒȠȊȈȒț); ȗțȚȘȈ-ȠȈȚȈ — șȘȍȌȐ șȚȈ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; ȌȎȑȍȠȚȝȈȝ — șȈȔȣȍ ȓțȟȠȐȍ; ȊȐȒțȒȠȐ — ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ; ȕȐȔȐ — ǵȐȔȐ; ȌȈȕȌȈȒȈȝ — ǬȈȕȌȈȒȈ. ǶȚ ǴȈȕț ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț. Ƕȕ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ Ȑȏ ȕȖȏȌȘȍȑ ǴȈȕț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȚȖȚ ȟȐȝȕțȓ. ǻ ȞȈȘȧ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț ȉȣȓȖ șȚȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, șȈȔȣȔȐ ȊȣȌȈȦȡȐȔȐșȧ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓȐ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ, ǵȐȔȐ Ȑ ǬȈȕȌȈȒȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐȌȝȈȘȈ ǹȊȈȔȐ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚ, ȟȚȖ, ȝȖȚȧ ȘȈȕȍȍ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» (9.1.11 - 12) ǰȒȠȊȈȒț țȗȖȔȐȕȈȓșȧ Ȋ ȟȐșȓȍ ȌȍșȧȚȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, ȏȈȟȈȚȣȝ ǴȈȕț Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕȣ ȀȘȈȌȌȝȐ, ȥȚȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ ȖȉȖȉȡȍȕȐȍȔ. ǯȌȍșȤ Ȏȍ ȒȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ Ȑȏ ȕȖȏȌȘȐ ǴȈȕț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȚȖȚ ȟȐȝȕțȓ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȚȍȠȈȔ ȗțȘȈșȚȈȌ ȈȉȝȈȊȈȕȕ ȈȘȑȈȊȈȘȚȍ ȕȘȐȗȈ ȕȘȐȗȈ ȗȈȕȟȈ-ȊȐȔȠȈȚȐȝ ȗȈȠȟȈȟ ȟȈ ȚȘȈȑȖ ȔȈȌȝȑȍ 'ȗȈȘȍ 'ȕȑȈȚȈȝ ȚȍȠȈȔ — șȘȍȌȐ ȕȐȝ (șȘȍȌȐ Ȋșȍȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ); ȗțȘȈșȚȈȚ — ȕȈ ȊȖșȚȖȒȍ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȕ — șȚȈȓȐ; ȈȘȑȈȊȈȘȚȍ — Ȋ ǨȘȤȧȊȈȘȚȍ (ȔȍșȚȕȖșȚȐ ȔȍȎȌț ǫȐȔȈȓȈȧȔȐ Ȑ ȋȖȘȈȔȐ ǪȐȕȌȝȤȧ); ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȐ; ȕȘȐȗȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ); ȗȈȕȟȈ-ȊȐȔȠȈȚȐȝ — ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȗȧȚȤ; ȗȈȠȟȈȚ — ȕȈ ȏȈȗȈȌȍ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȚȘȈȑȈȝ — ȚȘȖȍ; ȔȈȌȝȑȍ — ȗȖșȍȘȍȌȐȕȍ (ȔȍȎȌț ȊȖșȚȖȒȖȔ Ȑ ȏȈȗȈȌȖȔ); ȈȗȈȘȍ — ȌȘțȋȐȍ; ȈȕȑȈȚȈȝ — Ȋ Ȑȕȣȝ ȔȍșȚȈȝ. ǰȏ șȚȈ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȗȧȚȤ șȚȈȓȐ ȞȈȘȧȔȐ ȏȈȗȈȌȕȣȝ ȖȉȓȈșȚȍȑ ǨȘȤȧȊȈȘȚȣ, ȏȍȔȓȐ, ȘȈșȒȐȕțȊȠȍȑșȧ ȔȍȎȌț ǫȐȔȈȓȈȧȔȐ Ȑ ȋȖȘȈȔȐ ǪȐȕȌȝȤȧ. ǬȘțȋȐȍ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȗȧȚȤ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȐ ȕȈ ȊȖșȚȖȒȍ ȖȚ ǨȘȤȧȊȈȘȚȣ, Ȉ ȚȘȐ șȈȔȣȝ șȚȈȘȠȐȝ șȣȕȈ — Ȋ șȘȍȌȕȍȑ ȍȍ ȟȈșȚȐ. ǶșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȏȍȔȓȧȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 102


103 șȈ ȥȒȈȌȈȠȚȈȒȈ-ȠȘȈȌȌȝȍ ȐȒȠȊȈȒțȝ șțȚȈȔ ȈȌȐȠȈȚ ȔȈȔșȈȔ ȈȕȐȑȈȚȈȔ ȔȍȌȝȑȈȔ ȊȐȒțȒȠȍ ȋȈȟȟȝȈ ȔȈ ȟȐȘȈȔ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț); ȥȒȈȌȈ — ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ; ȈȠȚȈȒȈ- ȠȘȈȌȌȝȍ — ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȍȘȐȖȌȈ ș ȧȕȊȈȘȧ ȗȖ ȔȈȘȚ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȌȍȓȈȦȚșȧ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȒȈȔ; ȐȒȠȊȈȒțȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț; șțȚȈȔ — șȣȕț; ȈȌȐȠȈȚ — Ȋȍȓȍȓ; ȔȈȔșȈȔ — ȔȧșȖ; ȈȕȐȑȈȚȈȔ — ȗțșȚȤ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȕȖ; ȔȍȌȝȑȈȔ — ȟȐșȚȖȍ (ȌȖȉȣȚȖȍ ȕȈ ȖȝȖȚȍ); ȊȐȒțȒȠȍ — Ȗ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ; ȋȈȟȟȝȈ — ȐȌȐ Ȏȍ; ȔȈ ȟȐȘȈȔ — ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ. ǶȉȘȧȌ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȒȈȔ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔȣȑ Ȋ ȧȕȊȈȘȍ, ȜȍȊȘȈȓȍ Ȑ ȔȈȘȚȍ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȈȠȚȈȒȈ-ȠȘȈȌȌȝȖȑ. ȅȚȈ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈ ȗȘȖȊȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȍȘȐȖȌ țȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȑ ȓțȕȣ. ǵȈȟȈȊ ȈȠȚȈȒȈ-ȠȘȈȌȌȝț, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț Ȋȍȓȍȓ șȊȖȍȔț șȣȕț ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ ȗȖșȒȖȘȍȍ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȔȧșȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȚȈȚȝȍȚȐ șȈ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȋȈȚȊȈ ȔȘȐȋȈȕ ȝȈȚȊȈ ȒȘȐȑȈȘȝȈȕȈȕ ȠȘȈȕȚȖ ȉțȉȝțȒȠȐȚȖ ȊȐȘȈȝ ȠȈȠȈȔ ȟȈȌȈȌ ȈȗȈșȔȘȐȚȐȝ ȚȈȚȝȈ — ȗȖȥȚȖȔț (șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȗȘȐȒȈȏȈȕȐȦ); ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ); ȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȍș; ȋȈȚȊȈ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐșȤ; ȔȘȐȋȈȕ — ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ; ȝȈȚȊȈ — țȉȐȊ; ȒȘȐȑȈ-ȈȘȝȈȕȈȕ — ȗȘȐȋȖȌȕȣȝ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ Ȑȝ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȐ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈ; ȠȘȈȕȚȈȝ — țșȚȈȓȣȑ; ȉțȉȝțȒȠȐȚȈȝ — ȋȖȓȖȌȕȣȑ; ȊȐȘȈȝ — ȋȍȘȖȑ; ȠȈȠȈȔ — ȒȘȖȓȐȒȈ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȌȈȚ — șȢȍȓ; ȈȗȈșȔȘȐȚȐȝ — ȗȖȏȈȉȣȊȠȐȑ (Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȔȧșȖ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȈȓȖșȤ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȐ ). ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ, șȣȕ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț, ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓ ȊȖȓȦ ȖȚȞȈ Ȑ țȉȐȓ Ȋ ȓȍșț ȕȍȔȈȓȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȗȖȚȖȔ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ. ǻșȚȈȊȠȐȑ Ȑ ȋȖȓȖȌȕȣȑ, Ȗȕ ȗȖ ȘȈșșȍȧȕȕȖșȚȐ șȢȍȓ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ Ȑȏ țȉȐȚȣȝ ȒȘȖȓȐȒȖȊ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȒ ȧȊșȚȊțȍȚ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȚȐȝȈ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ țȉȐȊȈȓȐ Ȋ ȓȍșț ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȚȖȔ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȑȝ ȔȧșȖ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȕȈ ȖșȖȉȣȝ ȧȋȤȧȝ . ǷȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȒȈȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȌȍȓȈȦȚ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȐ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈ, — ȥȚȖ ȚȖȎȍ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ȧȋȤȧ . Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȧȋȤȍ Ȋ ȟȐșȓȍ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȦȚ Ȑ ȔȧșȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, țȉȐȚȣȝ ȕȈ ȖȝȖȚȍ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ȋ ȕȈȠ ȊȍȒ, DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț, ȚȈȒȖȑ ȊȐȌ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕ. ǹșȣȓȈȧșȤ ȕȈ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȈȑȊȈȘȚȈ-ȗțȘȈȕț», ȀȘȐ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț șȒȈȏȈȓ: ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈȔ ȋȈȊȈȓȈȔȉȝȈȔ șȈȕȕȑȈșȈȔ ȗȈȓȈ-ȗȈȐȚȘȐȒȈȔ ȌȍȊȈȘȍȕȈ șțȚȖȚȗȈȚȚȐȔ ȒȈȓȈț ȗȈȕȟȈ ȊȐȊȈȘȌȎȈȑȍȚ «Ǫ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕȣ ȗȧȚȤ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ: ȕȍȓȤȏȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ ȒȖȕȧ, ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚȤ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț ȒȖȘȖȊț, ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ șȈȕȕȤȧșț, ȗȖȌȕȖșȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȒȈȔ ȔȧșȖ Ȑ ȏȈȟȐȕȈȚȤ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ Ȏȍȕȣ ȉȘȈȚȈ». ǹȓȖȊȖ ȗȈȓȈ-ȗȈȐȚȘȐȒȈȔ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ 103


104 ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȦ ȔȧșȈ țșȖȗȠȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȒȈȔ. ǸȈȕȤȠȍ ȚȈȒȈȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȈ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȈȓȈșȤ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȕȈȠ ȊȍȒ ȖȕȈ ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕȈ. Ǫ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȏȕȈȍȚ, ȒȈȒ ȖȝȖȚȐȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, ȕȖ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ — ȠțȌȘȣ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ . Ǫ ǪȍȌȈȝ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧȔ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȖ ȖȝȖȚȐȚȤșȧ, Ȉ ȠțȌȘȣ ȔȖȋțȚ ȍșȚȤ ȔȧșȖ ȒȖȏ ȐȓȐ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȕȐȏȠȐȝ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȗȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȔȧșȖ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȈȚ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊț ȉȖȋȐȕȐ DzȈȓȐ ȐȓȐ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȗȐȡț ȔȧșȈ ȕȍ ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕȖ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȖ ȍșȚȤ ȔȧșȖ, ȕȖ ȗȘȐ țșȓȖȊȐȐ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȉțȌțȚ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȗȐȡț ȔȧșȈ ȒȖȘȖȊ șȚȘȖȋȖ ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕȖ ȊșȍȔ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǹȈȔ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȗ ȊȈȎȕȖșȚȐ ȋȖ-ȘȈȒȠȤȐ, ȏȈȡȐȚȣ ȒȖȘȖȊ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ Ȋ șȐȓț Ȑȝ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ ȠȈșȚȘȣ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȈȦȚ ȍșȚȤ ȔȧșȖ, ȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȍ ȔȧșȖ ȒȖȘȖȊ. DzȖȘȖȊ ȕțȎȕȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȚȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȠȍȠȈȔ ȕȐȊȍȌȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȗȐȚȘȍ ȚȍȕȈ ȟȈ ȚȈȌ-ȋțȘțȝ ȟȖȌȐȚȈȝ ȗȘȖȒȠȈȕȈȑȈȝȈ ȌțȠȚȈȔ ȥȚȈȌ ȈȒȈȘȔȈȒȈȔ ȠȍȠȈȔ — ȖșȚȈȚȖȒ; ȕȐȊȍȌȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȗȖȌȕȍș; ȗȐȚȘȍ — ȖȚȞț; ȚȍȕȈ — ȐȔ; ȟȈ — Ȏȍ; ȚȈȚ-ȋțȘțȝ — Ȑȝ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȐȒ (ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ); ȟȖȌȐȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, Ȓ ȒȖȔț ȉȣȓȈ ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȈ ȗȘȖșȤȉȈ; ȗȘȖȒȠȈȕȈȑȈ — ȘȈȌȐ ȖȟȐȡȍȕȐȧ; ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȌțȠȚȈȔ — ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȖ; ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖ (ȔȧșȖ); ȈȒȈȘȔȈȒȈȔ — ȕȍȗȘȐȋȖȌȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȐ. ǶșȚȈȊȠȍȍșȧ ȔȧșȖ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ ȗȘȐȕȍș ȞȈȘȦ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț, Ȑ ȚȖȚ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ ȍȋȖ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȍ Ȍȓȧ ȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȧ. ǵȖ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ șȘȈȏț ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ șȢȍȓ ȟȈșȚȤ ȔȧșȈ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț șȒȈȏȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȖ ȕȍ ȋȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ ȖȉȘȧȌȈ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǭȌț, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȉțȌțȚ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȧȋȤȍ, ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȗȘȖȉȖȊȈȚȤ ȌȖ ȗȖȌȕȍșȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ Ȑ Ȋ ȕȈȠȐȝ ȝȘȈȔȈȝ. ǵȍȓȤȏȧ ȍșȚȤ ȗȐȡț ȌȖ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ, ȗȖȒȈ ȍȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȈȚ ȕȈ ȈȓȚȈȘȍ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț. ǭșȓȐ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍȉȖȓȤȠțȦ ȍȍ ȟȈșȚȤ ȒȚȖ-ȚȖ ȗȖȗȘȖȉȖȊȈȓ ȌȖ ȗȖȌȕȍșȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț, Ȋșȧ ȗȐȡȈ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȑ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȕȍȗȘȐȋȖȌȕȖȑ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ. ǺȍȔ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȎȐȚ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț, șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, ȐȉȖ ȚȈȒ ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȐȏȉȍȎȈȚȤ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȑ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔȣȝ ȗȘȐ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȌȎȕȈȚȊȈ ȗțȚȘȈșȑȈ ȚȈȚ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȋțȘțȕȈȉȝȐȝȐȚȈȔ ȕȘȐȗȈȝ ȌȍȠȈȕ ȕȐȝșȈȘȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ șțȚȈȔ ȚȑȈȒȚȈ-ȊȐȌȝȐȔ ȘțȠȈ ȌȎȕȈȚȊȈ — țȏȕȈȊ; ȗțȚȘȈșȑȈ — șȣȕȈ; ȚȈȚ — ȚȖȚ; ȒȈȘȔȈ — ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ; ȋțȘțȕȈ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ (ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȖȑ); ȈȉȝȐȝȐȚȈȔ — ȚȖȚ, Ȗ ȒȖȔ ȉȣȓȖ șȖȖȉȡȍȕȖ; ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ (ǰȒȠȊȈȒț); ȌȍȠȈȚ — Ȑȏ șȚȘȈȕȣ; ȕȐȝșȈȘȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȊȣȌȊȖȘȐȓ; șțȚȈȔ — șȣȕȈ; ȚȑȈȒȚȈ-ȊȐȌȝȐȔ — ȕȈȘțȠȐȊȠȍȋȖ ȘȍȋțȓȐȘțȦȡȐȍ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȣ; ȘțȠȈ — Ȋ ȋȕȍȊȍ. 104


105 DzȖȋȌȈ ȞȈȘȤ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț țȏȕȈȓ ȖȚ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȐ, ȟȚȖ șȌȍȓȈȓ ȍȋȖ șȣȕ, Ȗȕ șȐȓȤȕȖ ȘȈȏȋȕȍȊȈȓșȧ. ǯȈ ȚȖ ȟȚȖ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ ȕȈȘțȠȐȓ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ, ȞȈȘȤ ȗȘȐȒȈȏȈȓ ȍȔț ȗȖȒȐȕțȚȤ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 șȈ Țț ȊȐȗȘȍȕȈ șȈȔȊȈȌȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȗȈȒȍȕȈ șȈȔȈȟȈȘȈȕ ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ ȒȈȓȍȊȈȘȈȔ ȑȖȋȐ șȈ ȚȍȕȈȊȈȗȈ ȑȈȚ ȗȈȘȈȔ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț); Țț — ȕȖ; ȊȐȗȘȍȕȈ — ș ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ (ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȖȑ); șȈȔȊȈȌȈȔ — ȉȍșȍȌț; ȌȎȕȈȗȈȒȍȕȈ — șȖȖȉȡȐȊȠȐȔ; șȈȔȈȟȈȘȈȕ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȦȡȐȑ; ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ — ȖȚȊȍȘȋȕțȊ; ȒȈȓȍȊȈȘȈȔ — ȚȍȓȖ; ȑȖȋȐ — ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋ, ȗȘȐȕȧȊȠȐȑ ȖȉȍȚ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȧ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ȞȈȘȤ); ȚȍȕȈ — ȥȚȐȔ (ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ); ȈȊȈȗȈ — ȖȉȘȍȓ; ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȖȍ. ǷȖȏȎȍ, ȗȖȓțȟȐȊ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȖȚ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ Ȑ ȔțȌȘȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȐ, ȗȖȊȍȌȈȊȠȍȋȖ ȍȔț Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț ȖȚȘȍȒșȧ ȖȚ ȔȐȘȈ. ǹȓȍȌțȧ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ ȑȖȋȐ, Ȗȕ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȗȐȚȈȘȑ țȗȈȘȈȚȍ 'ȉȝȑȍȚȑȈ ȊȐȒțȒȠȐȝ ȗȘȐȚȝȐȊȐȔ ȐȔȈȔ ȠȈșȈȌ ȐȌȎȍ ȝȈȘȐȔ ȑȈȌȎȕȈȐȝ ȠȈȠȈȌȈ ȐȚȐ ȊȐȠȘțȚȈȝ ȗȐȚȈȘȐ — ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȚȍȞ; țȗȈȘȈȚȍ — ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȓșȧ (ȖȚ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ); ȈȉȝȑȍȚȑȈ — ȊȍȘȕțȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȊȐȒțȒȠȐȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ; ȗȘȐȚȝȐȊȐȔ — ȗȓȈȕȍȚȖȑ ǯȍȔȓȧ; ȐȔȈȔ — ȥȚȖȑ; ȠȈșȈȚ — ȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐȑ; ȐȌȎȍ — ȗȖȟȐȚȈȓ; ȝȈȘȐȔ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȑȈȌȎȕȈȐȝ — ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ; ȠȈȠȈ-ȈȌȈȝ — ȀȈȠȈȌȈ («ȒȘȖȓȐȒȖȍȌ»); ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȊȐȠȘțȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ȞȈȘȤ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț țȠȍȓ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȍȋȖ șȣȕ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ Ȋ șȚȘȈȕț Ȑ ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȐȓ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȖȑ ǯȍȔȓȧ Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȘȈȌȐ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖȏȎȍ ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȓșȧ ȗȖȌ ȐȔȍȕȍȔ ȀȈȠȈȌȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȗțȘȈȕȌȎȈȑȈș ȚȈșȑȈ șțȚȈ ȐȕȌȘȈȊȈȝȈ ȐȚȐȘȐȚȈȝ ȒȈȒțȚșȚȝȈ ȐȚȐ ȟȈȗȑ țȒȚȈȝ ȠȘȐȕț ȕȈȔȈȕȐ ȒȈȘȔȈȉȝȐȝ ȗțȘȈȔ-ȌȎȈȑȈȝ — ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȧ («ȗȖȒȖȘȐȚȍȓȤ ȋȖȘȖȌȖȊ»); ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǪȐȒțȒȠȐ); șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȐȕȌȘȈ-ȊȈȝȈȝ — ǰȕȌȘȈȊȈȝȈ («ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȋȖ ȕȖșȐȚ ȕȈ șȍȉȍ ǰȕȌȘȈ»); ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȐȘȐȚȈȝ — ȕȈȏȊȈȕȕȣȑ; ȒȈȒțȚșȚȝȈȝ — DzȈȒțȚșȚȝȈ («șȐȌȧȡȐȑ ȕȈ ȉȣȟȤȍȔ ȋȖȘȉț»); 105


106 ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȟȈ — ȚȖȎȍ; ȈȗȐ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; țȒȚȈȝ — ȕȈȏȊȈȕȕȣȑ; ȠȘȐȕț — țșȓȣȠȤ Ȏȍ; ȕȈȔȈȕȐ — ȐȔȍȕȈ; ȒȈȘȔȈȉȝȐȝ — Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȌȍȧȕȐȧȔȐ. ǻ ȀȈȠȈȌȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȏȊȈȓȐ ȚȈȒȎȍ ǰȕȌȘȈȊȈȝȖȑ, Ȉ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ — DzȈȒțȚșȚȝȖȑ. ǷȖșȓțȠȈȑ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȏȈ ȒȈȒȐȍ ȗȖȌȊȐȋȐ Ȗȕ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȥȚȐ ȐȔȍȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȒȘȐȚȈȕȚȈ ȈșȐȚ șȈȔȈȘȖ ȌȍȊȈȕȈȔ șȈȝȈ ȌȈȕȈȊȈȐȝ ȗȈȘȠȕȐȋȘȈȝȖ ȊȘȐȚȖ ȊȐȘȖ ȌȍȊȈȐȘ ȌȈȐȚȑȈ-ȗȈȘȈȌȎȐȚȈȐȝ ȒȘȐȚȈ-ȈȕȚȈȝ — ȒȘȖȊȖȗȘȖȓȐȚȕȈȧ ȉȐȚȊȈ; ȈșȐȚ — ȉȣȓȈ; șȈȔȈȘȈȝ — ȉȐȚȊȈ; ȌȍȊȈȕȈȔ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; șȈȝȈ ȌȈȕȈȊȈȐȝ — ș ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔȐ; ȗȈȘȠȕȐȋȘȈȝȈȝ — ȕȈȌȍȎȕȣȑ ȗȖȔȖȡȕȐȒ; ȊȘȐȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȕȧȚȣȑ; ȊȐȘȈȝ — ȋȍȘȖȑ; ȌȍȊȈȐȝ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ; ȌȈȐȚȑȈ — ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔȐ; ȗȈȘȈȌȎȐȚȈȐȝ — ȗȖȉȍȎȌȍȕȕȣȔȐ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ Ȑ ȌȍȔȖȕȣ șȚȖȓȒȕțȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȒȘȖȊȖȗȘȖȓȐȚȕȖȑ ȉȐȚȊȍ. ǷȘȖȐȋȘȣȊȈȧ ȉȐȚȊț, ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ ȏȈ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ Ȓ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȍ, Ȑ Ȗȕ ȗȖȔȖȋ ȐȔ ȗȖȉȍȌȐȚȤ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ. ǯȈ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȖȌȊȐȋ ȍȋȖ șȚȈȓȐ ȏȊȈȚȤ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȍȑ — »ȗȖȒȖȘȐȚȍȓȍȔ ȋȖȘȖȌȈ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȊȈȟȈȕȈȌ ȌȍȊȈ-ȌȍȊȈșȑȈ ȊȐȠȕȖȘ ȊȐȠȊȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȘȈȉȝȖȝ ȊȈȝȈȕȈȚȊȍ ȊȘȐȚȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȉȈȉȝțȊȍȕȌȘȖ ȔȈȝȈ-ȊȘȐȠȈȝ ȊȈȟȈȕȈȚ — ȗȖ ȗȘȐȒȈȏț (ȗȖ șȓȖȊț); ȌȍȊȈ-ȌȍȊȈșȑȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; ȊȐȠȕȖȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț; ȊȐȠȊȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȐ ȊșȍȋȖ (ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ); ȗȘȈȉȝȖȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȐ; ȊȈȝȈȕȈȚȊȍ — Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈ ȗȍȘȍȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȧ; ȊȘȐȚȈȝ — ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȐ); ȉȈȉȝțȊȈ — șȚȈȓ; ȐȕȌȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍȉȍș; ȔȈȝȈ-ȊȘȐȠȈȝ — ȋȐȋȈȕȚșȒȐȑ ȉȣȒ. ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȧ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓșȧ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȚȤ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ ȓȐȠȤ ȗȘȐ țșȓȖȊȐȐ, ȟȚȖ ǰȕȌȘȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȊȖȏȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȕȈ șȍȉȍ. ǰȏ ȋȖȘȌȖșȚȐ ǰȕȌȘȈ ȕȍ șȔȖȋ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȥȚȖ țșȓȖȊȐȍ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȗȖȏȎȍ ȗȖ ȊȍȓȍȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț Ȗȕ Ȋșȍ-ȚȈȒȐ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓșȧ Ȑ șȚȈȓ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȔ ȉȣȒȖȔ, ȊȖȏȐȊȠȐȔ ȕȈ șȍȉȍ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 15 - 16 șȈ șȈȕȕȈȌȌȝȖ ȌȝȈȕțȘ ȌȐȊȑȈȔ ȈȌȈȑȈ ȊȐȠȐȒȝȈȕ ȟȝȐȚȈȕ șȚțȑȈȔȈȕȈș ȚȈȔ ȈȘțȝȑȈ ȑțȑțȚșțȝ ȒȈȒțȌȐ șȚȝȐȚȈȝ ȚȍȌȎȈșȈȗȑȈȑȐȚȖ ȊȐȠȕȖȝ ȗțȘțȠȈșȑȈ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ 106


107 ȗȘȈȚȐȟȑȈȔ ȌȐȠȐ ȌȈȐȚȑȈȕȈȔ ȕȑȈȘțȕȈȚ ȚȘȐȌȈȠȈȐȝ ȗțȘȈȔ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȧ); șȈȕȕȈȌȌȝȈȝ — ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȊȖȖȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ; ȌȝȈȕțȝ ȌȐȊȑȈȔ — ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȕȣȑ (ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ) ȓțȒ; ȈȌȈȑȈ — ȊȏȧȊ; ȊȐȠȐȒȝȈȕ — șȚȘȍȓȣ; ȠȐȚȈȕ — ȖșȚȘȍȑȠȐȍ; șȚțȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȊȣșȖȒȖ ȗȘȍȊȖȏȕȖșȐȔȣȑ; ȚȈȔ — ȕȈ ȕȍȋȖ (ȉȣȒȈ); ȈȘțȝȑȈ — ȊȏȖȉȘȈȊȠȐșȤ; ȑțȑțȚșțȝ — ȋȖȚȖȊȣȑ ȉȐȚȤșȧ; ȒȈȒțȌȐ — ȕȈ ȉȣȟȤȍȔ ȋȖȘȉț; șȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȑ; ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ — ȔȖȡȤȦ; ȈȗȑȈȑȐȚȈȝ — ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȊȐȠȕȖȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț; ȗțȘțȠȈșȑȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȐ; ȗȘȈȚȐȟȑȈȔ — Ȋ ȏȈȗȈȌȕȖȔ; ȌȐȠȐ — ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȐ; ȌȈȐȚȑȈȕȈȔ — ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ; ȕȑȈȘțȕȈȚ — ȏȈȝȊȈȚȐȓ; ȚȘȐȌȈȠȈȐȝ — ș ȚȘȐȌȞȈȚȤȦ (ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ); ȗțȘȈȔ — ȖȉȐȚȈȓȐȡȍ. ǶȉȓȈȟȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȌȖșȗȍȝȐ Ȑ ȊȖȖȘțȎȐȊȠȐșȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȓțȒȖȔ ș ȖșȚȘȣȔȐ șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ, ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȧ ș ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȘȊȍȕȐȍȔ ȊșȚțȗȐȓ Ȋ ȉȖȑ. ǪȖșȝȊȈȓȧȍȔȣȑ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ, Ȗȕ ȊȏȖȉȘȈȓșȧ ȕȈ ȉȣȒȈ Ȑ șȍȓ ȍȔț ȕȈ ȋȖȘȉ. ǹ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȖȘ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȦ șȚȈȓȐ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ DzȈȒțȚșȚȝȖȑ («șȐȌȧȡȐȔ ȕȈ ȋȖȘȉȍ»). ǵȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, ȌȈȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȔ ȍȔț ǹȈȔȐȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǪȐȠȕț — ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȖȑ Ȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȧ ȊȖșșȍȌȈȓ ȕȈ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȔ ȉȣȒȍ [ǰȕȌȘȍ], ȏȈ ȟȚȖ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȍȡȍ ȖȌȕȖ ȐȔȧ — ǰȕȌȘȈȊȈȝȈ. ǶȒȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ, Ȗȕ ȕȈȗȈȓ ȕȈ ȋȖȘȖȌ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ, ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȑ ȕȈ ȏȈȗȈȌȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȚȈȐș ȚȈșȑȈ ȟȈȉȝțȚ ȗȘȈȌȝȈȕȈȔ ȚțȔțȓȈȔ ȓȖȔȈ-ȝȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȔȈȑȈ ȉȝȈȓȓȈȐȘ ȈȕȈȑȈȌ ȌȈȐȚȑȈȕ ȈȉȝȐȑȈȑțȘ ȔȘȐȌȝȍ ȚȈȐȝ — ș ȕȐȔȐ (ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔȐ); ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȐ); ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȉȣȓȖ; ȗȘȈȌȝȈȕȈȔ — șȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ; ȚțȔțȓȈȔ — ȎȍșȚȖȟȈȑȠȍȍ; ȓȖȔȈ-ȝȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ — ȊȖȓȖșȣ ȊșȚȈȦȚ ȌȣȉȖȔ; ȑȈȔȈȑȈ — Ȓ ȇȔȈȘȈȌȎȍ (Ȋ ȍȋȖ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ); ȉȝȈȓȓȈȐȝ — șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ; ȈȕȈȑȈȚ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓ; ȌȈȐȚȑȈȕ — ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ; ȈȉȝȐȑȈȑțȝ — ȗȘȐȉȓȐȎȈȦȡȐȝșȧ; ȔȘȐȌȝȍ — Ȋ ȉȐȚȊȍ. ǴȍȎȌț ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔȐ Ȑ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȍȑ ȏȈȊȧȏȈȓȈșȤ ȖȎȍșȚȖȟȍȕȕȈȧ ȉȐȚȊȈ. ǹȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȎȍșȚȖȒȐȔ, ȟȚȖ ț ȓȦȉȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ șȓȣȠȐȚ ȘȈșșȒȈȏ Ȗ ȕȍȔ, ȊȖȓȖșȣ șȚȈȕȖȊȧȚșȧ ȌȣȉȖȔ. Ǫșȍȝ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ, ȖșȔȍȓȐȊȈȊȠȐȝșȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȚȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ, ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȧ șȊȖȐȔȐ șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȓȧȓ Ȋ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ ȇȔȈȘȈȌȎȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȚȈșȑȍȠț-ȗȈȚȈȉȝȐȔțȒȝȈȔ ȑțȋȈȕȚȈȋȕȐȔ ȐȊȖȓȉȈȕȈȔ ȊȐșȘȐȌȎȑȈ ȌțȌȘțȊțȘ ȌȈȐȚȑȈ ȝȈȕȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ șȊȈȔ ȈȓȈȑȈȔ ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȐ); ȐȠț-ȗȈȚȈ — șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ; ȈȉȝȐȔțȒȝȈȔ — ȊȗȍȘȍȌ; ȑțȋȈ-ȈȕȚȈ — ȒȖȕȞȈ ȥȗȖȝȐ; ȈȋȕȐȔ — ȖȋȖȕȤ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; țȓȉȈȕȈȔ — ȧȘȖșȚȕȣȑ; ȊȐșȘȐȌȎȑȈ — ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȊ (ȕȈȗȈȌȈȚȤ); ȌțȌȘțȊțȝ — ȉȍȎȈȓȐ; ȌȈȐȚȑȈȝ — ȌȍȔȖȕȣ; ȝȈȕȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ — țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȔȣȍ (ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȍȑ); șȊȈȔ — Ȋ șȊȖȍ; ȈȓȈȑȈȔ — ȖȉȐȚȈȓȐȡȍ. 107


108 ȟȚȖȉȣ șȗȈșȚȐșȤ ȖȚ șȊȍȘȒȈȦȡȐȝ șȚȘȍȓ ǰȕȌȘȈȊȈȝȐ, ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȊȠȐȝ ȖȗțșȚȖȠȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȓȈȔȧ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȦȋȐ, ȌȍȔȖȕȣ, ȖșȚȈȊȠȐȍșȧ Ȋ ȎȐȊȣȝ ȗȖșȓȍ ȘȈȏȋȘȖȔȈ Ȑȝ ȈȘȔȐȐ, ȘȈȏȉȍȎȈȓȐșȤ ȗȖ ȌȖȔȈȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȌȎȐȚȊȈ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȌȝȈȕȈȔ șȈȘȊȈȔ șȈșȚȘȐȒȈȔ ȊȈȌȎȘȈ-ȗȈȕȈȑȍ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȑȈȟȟȝȈȚ șȈ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐȘ ȐȚȐ ȕȈȔȈȉȝȐȘ ȈȝȘȐȚȈȝ ȌȎȐȚȊȈ — ȗȖȉȍȌȐȊ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — șȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȘȈȋȈ; ȌȝȈȕȈȔ — ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ; șȈȘȊȈȔ — Ȋșȍ; șȈșȚȘȐȒȈȔ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȎȍȕȈȔȐ; ȊȈȌȎȘȈ-ȗȈȕȈȑȍ — ȌȍȘȎȈȡȍȔț Ȋ ȘțȒȍ ȔȖȓȕȐȦ (ǰȕȌȘȍ); ȗȘȈȚȑȈȑȈȟȟȝȈȚ — ȊȍȘȕțȓ (ȊȘțȟȐȓ); șȈȝ — ȚȖȚ; ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȘȐȠȐȝ — ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȣȑ ȞȈȘȤ (ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȧ); ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȕȈȔȈȉȝȐȝ — ȐȔȍȕȈȔȐ; ȈȝȘȐȚȈȝ — ȕȈȏȊȈȕ. ǺȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȣȑ ȞȈȘȤ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȧ ȗȖȉȍȌȐȓ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ Ȑ ȖȚȌȈȓ Ȋșȍ Ȑȝ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ Ȑ Ȏȍȕ ȋȘȖȔȖȊȍȘȎȞț ǰȕȌȘȍ. ǯȈ ȥȚȖ ȍȋȖ Ȑ șȚȈȓȐ ȏȊȈȚȤ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȍȑ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȐ ȐȔȍȕȈ Ȗȕ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȏȈ șȊȖȐ ȗȖȌȊȐȋȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȗțȘȈȕȌȎȈȑȈșȑȈ ȗțȚȘȖ 'ȉȝțȌ ȈȕȍȕȈș ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ ȗȘȐȚȝțȝ ȊȐȠȊȈȋȈȕȌȝȐș ȚȈȚȈȠ ȟȈȕȌȘȖ ȑțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈș Țț ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ ȗțȘȈȕȌȎȈȑȈșȑȈ — ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȐ; ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ; ȈȕȍȕȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȕȍȕȈ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ; ȗȘȐȚȝțȝ — ǷȘȐȚȝț; ȊȐȠȊȈȋȈȕȌȝȐȝ — ǪȐȠȊȈȋȈȕȌȝȐ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ; ȟȈȕȌȘȈȝ — ȟȈȕȌȘȈ; ȑțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈȝ — ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ; Țț — Ȏȍ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ. ǹȣȕȈ ǷțȘȈȕȌȎȈȐ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǨȕȍȕȖȑ. ǹȣȕȖȔ Ǩȕȍȕȣ ȉȣȓ ǷȘȐȚȝț, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ — ǪȐȠȊȈȋȈȕȌȝȐ. ǶȚ ǪȐȠȊȈȋȈȕȌȝȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȟȈȕȌȘȈ, Ȉ șȣȕȖȔ ȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȉȣȓ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȠȘȈȊȈșȚȈș ȚȈȚ-șțȚȖ ȑȍȕȈ ȠȘȈȊȈșȚȐ ȕȐȘȔȈȔȍ ȗțȘȐ ȉȘȐȝȈȌȈȠȊȈș Țț ȠȘȈȊȈșȚȐș ȚȈȚȈȝ ȒțȊȈȓȈȑȈȠȊȈȒȈȝ ȠȘȈȊȈșȚȈȝ — ȀȘȈȊȈșȚȈ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ (șȣȕ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ); ȑȍȕȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ; ȠȘȈȊȈșȚȐ — ȀȘȈȊȈșȚȐ; ȕȐȘȔȈȔȍ — ȉȣȓ ȗȖșȚȘȖȍȕ; ȗțȘȐ — ȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ ȋȖȘȖȌ; ȉȘȐȝȈȌȈȠȊȈȝ — ǩȘȐȝȈȌȈȠȊȈ; Țț — Ȏȍ; ȠȘȈȊȈșȚȐȝ — șȣȕ ȀȘȈȊȈșȚȣ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ; ȒțȊȈȓȈȑȈȠȊȈȒȈȝ — DzțȊȈȓȈȧȠȊȈ.

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109 ǹȣȕȖȔ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ ȉȣȓ ȀȘȈȊȈșȚȈ, ȊȖȏȌȊȐȋȠȐȑ ȋȖȘȖȌ ȀȘȈȊȈșȚȈ- ǷțȘȐ. ǻ ȀȘȈȊȈșȚȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ǩȘȐȝȈȌȈȠȊȈ, Ȉ ț ȕȍȋȖ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ DzțȊȈȓȈȧȠȊȈ. ǺȈȒ ȘȖșȓȈ ȥȚȈ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȑȈȝ ȗȘȐȑȈȘȚȝȈȔ țȚȈȕȒȈșȑȈ ȌȝțȕȌȝț-ȕȈȔȈșțȘȈȔ ȉȈȓȐ șțȚȈȕȈȔ ȥȒȈ-ȊȐȔȠȈȚȑȈ șȈȝȈșȘȈȐȘ ȈȝȈȕȈȌ ȊȘȐȚȈȝ ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȗȘȐȑȈ-ȈȘȚȝȈȔ — ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ; țȚȈȕȒȈșȑȈ — ǻȚȈȕȒȍ, ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț ȔțȌȘȍȞț; ȌȝțȕȌȝț-ȕȈȔȈ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȝțȕȌȝț; ȈșțȘȈȔ — ȌȍȔȖȕȈ; ȉȈȓȐ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ (DzțȊȈȓȈȧȠȊȈ); șțȚȈȕȈȔ — șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; ȥȒȈ-ȊȐȔȠȈȚȑȈ — ș ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤȦ ȖȌȕȖȑ; șȈȝȈșȘȈȐȝ — ȚȣșȧȟȈȔȐ; ȈȝȈȕȈȚ — țȔȍȘȚȊȐȓ; ȊȘȐȚȈȝ — ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ. ǮȍȓȈȧ ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞț ǻȚȈȕȒȍ, ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ DzțȊȈȓȈȧȠȊȈ țȉȐȓ ȌȍȔȖȕȈ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȝțȕȌȝț. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȍȔț ȗȖȔȖȋȈȓȐ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȖȌȕȈ ȚȣșȧȟȈ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 23 - 24 ȌȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȘȈ ȐȚȐ ȒȝȑȈȚȈș ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈș Țȍ ȟȈ ȌȎȈȌȎȊȈȓțȝ ȌȝțȕȌȝȖȘ ȔțȒȝȈȋȕȐȕȈ șȈȘȊȍ ȚȘȈȑȈ ȥȊȈȊȈȠȍȠȐȚȈȝ ȌȘȐȌȝȈȠȊȈȝ ȒȈȗȐȓȈȠȊȈȠ ȟȈ ȉȝȈȌȘȈȠȊȈ ȐȚȐ ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ ȌȘȐȌȝȈȠȊȈ-ȗțȚȘȖ ȝȈȘȑȈȠȊȖ ȕȐȒțȔȉȝȈș ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ șȔȘȐȚȈȝ ȌȝțȕȌȝț-ȔȈȘȈȝ — țȉȐȊȠȐȑ ǬȝțȕȌȝț; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȒȝȑȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȚȈȚșțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ; Țȍ — ȖȕȐ; ȟȈ — ȖȌȕȈȒȖ; ȌȎȈȌȎȊȈȓțȝ — ȉȣȓȐ șȖȎȎȍȕȣ; ȌȝțȕȌȝȖȝ — ǬȝțȕȌȝț; ȔțȒȝȈ-ȈȋȕȐȕȈ — ȗȓȈȔȍȕȍȔ, ȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȐȔ Ȑȏ ȗȈșȚȐ; șȈȘȊȍ — Ȋșȍ; ȚȘȈȑȈȝ — ȚȘȖȍ; ȥȊȈ — ȚȖȓȤȒȖ; ȈȊȈȠȍȠȐȚȈȝ — ȖșȚȈȊȠȐȍșȧ; ȌȘȐȌȝȈȠȊȈȝ — ǬȘȐȌȝȈȠȊȈ; ȒȈȗȐȓȈȠȊȈȝ — DzȈȗȐȓȈȠȊȈ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȉȝȈȌȘȈȠȊȈȝ — ǩȝȈȌȘȈȠȊȈ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȌȘȐȌȝȈȠȊȈ- ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ ǬȘȐȌȝȈȠȊȣ; ȝȈȘȑȈȠȊȈȝ — (ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ) ǽȈȘȤȧȠȊȈ; ȕȐȒțȔȉȝȈȝ — ǵȐȒțȔȉȝȈ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ; șȔȘȐȚȈȝ — ȐȏȊȍșȚȍȕ. Ƕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȖȌȊȐȋ, DzțȊȈȓȈȧȠȊȈ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȗȖȟȍȚȕȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǬȝțȕȌȝțȔȈȘȈ, «ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ țȉȐȓ ǬȝțȕȌȝț». Ǫșȍ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȚȘȖȐȝ, șȋȖȘȍȓȐ Ȋ Ȗȋȕȍ, ȐșȝȖȌȐȊȠȍȔ ȐȏȖ ȘȚȈ ǬȝțȕȌȝț. Ǫ ȎȐȊȣȝ ȖșȚȈȓȐșȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȘȐ șȣȕȈ: ǬȘȐȌȝȈȠȊȈ, DzȈȗȐȓȈȠȊȈ Ȑ ǩȝȈȌȘȈȠȊȈ. ǶȚ ǬȘȐȌȝȈȠȊȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǽȈȘȤȧȠȊȈ, ȟȍȑ șȣȕ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȐȔȧ ǵȐȒțȔȉȝȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 109


110 ȉȈȝțȓȈȠȊȖ ȕȐȒțȔȉȝȈșȑȈ ȒȘȐȠȈȠȊȖ 'ȚȝȈșȑȈ șȍȕȈȌȎȐȚ ȑțȊȈȕȈȠȊȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȚȈșȑȈ șȖ 'ȕȈȗȈȚȑȖ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȉȈȝțȓȈȠȊȈȝ — ǩȈȝțȓȈȠȊȈ; ȕȐȒțȔȉȝȈșȑȈ — șȣȕ ǵȐȒțȔȉȝȐ; ȒȘȐȠȈȠȊȈȝ — DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȈ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȣ); șȍȕȈȌȎȐȚ — ǹȍȕȈȌȎȐȚ; ȑțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈȝ — ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǹȍȕȈȌȎȐȚȈ); șȈȝ — Ȗȕ; ȈȕȈȗȈȚȑȈȝ — ȉȍȏȌȍȚȕȣȑ; ȊȈȕȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ — țȌȈȓȐȊȠȐȑșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș (șȚȈȊȠȐȑ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝȖȑ ). ǹȣȕȖȔ ǵȐȒțȔȉȝȐ ȉȣȓ ǩȈȝțȓȈȠȊȈ, șȣȕȖȔ ǩȈȝțȓȈȠȊȣ — DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȈ, șȣȕȖȔ DzȘȐȠȈȠȊȣ — ǹȍȕȈȌȎȐȚ, Ȉ șȣȕȖȔ ǹȍȕȈȌȎȐȚȈ — ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ. ǻ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ șȍȔȤȦ Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș. ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȉȝȈȘȑȈ-ȠȈȚȍȕȈ ȕȐȘȊȐȕȕȈ ȘȐȠȈȑȖ 'șȑȈ ȒȘȐȗȈȓȈȊȈȝ ȐȠȚȐȔ șȔȈ ȊȈȘȚȈȑȈȔ ȟȈȒȘțȘ ȈȐȕȌȘȐȔ Țȍ șțșȈȔȈȝȐȚȈȝ ȉȝȈȘȑȈ-ȠȈȚȍȕȈ — ș ȖȌȕȖȑ șȖȚȕȍȑ Ȏȍȕ; ȕȐȘȊȐȕȕȈȝ — țȋȘȦȔȣȑ; ȘȐȠȈȑȈȝ — ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ (Ȋ ȓȍșț); ȈșȑȈ — Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ ȍȋȖ; ȒȘȐȗȈȓȈȊȈȝ — ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȍȑȠȐȍ; ȐȠȚȐȔ — ȖȉȘȧȌ; șȔȈ — Ȋ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȔ; ȊȈȘȚȈȑȈȔ ȟȈȒȘțȝ — șȚȈȓȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ; ȈȐȕȌȘȐȔ — ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȑ ǰȕȌȘȈ-ȧȋȤȍȑ; Țȍ — ȖȕȐ; șț-șȈȔȈȝȐȚȈȝ — ȖȟȍȕȤ ȏȈȉȖȚȓȐȊȣȍ Ȑ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ. ǪȔȍșȚȍ ș ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȖȑ Ȋ ȓȍș țȠȓȐ Ȑ șȚȖ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕ. Ǫșȍ ȖȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȍȟȈȓȤȕȣ. ǴțȌȘȍȞȣ, ȎȐȊȠȐȍ Ȋ ȓȍșț, ȖȚȕȍșȓȐșȤ Ȓ ȞȈȘȦ ș ȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ ȌȖȉȘȖȚȖȑ Ȑ, ȘȈȌȐ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ, șȚȈȓȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȡȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȑ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ-ȧȋȤȦ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖȕȈȟȈȓț ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝȍ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȈȍȚșȧ ȖșȚȈȊȈȚȤșȧ șȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȓȦȉȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ ȥȚȈ șȚțȗȍȕȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ ȗȖȌȘȈȏțȔȍȊȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȣȑ ȖȚȒȈȏ ȖȚ ȌȖȔȈȠȕȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǵȖ ȝȖȚȧ ȞȈȘȤ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ ȖȚ șȍȔȍȑȕȣȝ Ȍȍȓ, Ȗȕ Ȑ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖȗȍȟȈȓȍȕȣ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ț ȕȐȝ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȘȈȌȎȈ ȚȈȌ-ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-șȈȌȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȠȚȖ ȕȐȠȐ ȚȈȘȠȐȚȈȝ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȠȈȑȈȕȈȕ ȊȐȗȘȈȔș ȚȈȕ ȗȈȗȈț ȔȈȕȚȘȈ-ȌȎȈȓȈȔ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘȤ (ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ); ȚȈȚ-ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-șȈȌȈȕȈȔ — ȕȈ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȈȘȍȕț; ȗȘȈȊȐȠȚȈȝ — ȊȖȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȕȐȠȐ — Ȋ ȕȖȟȐ; ȚȈȘȠȐȚȈȝ — ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ ȎȈȎȌț; ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȠȈȑȈȕȈȕ — ȓȍȎȈȡȐȝ; ȊȐȗȘȈȕ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; ȚȈȕ — Țȍȝ; ȗȈȗȈț — ȊȣȗȐȓ; ȔȈȕȚȘȈ-ȌȎȈȓȈȔ — ȊȖȌț, ȖșȊȧȡȍȕȕțȦ ȔȈȕȚȘȈȔȐ; șȊȈȑȈȔ — șȈȔ. 110


111 ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȕȖȟȤȦ, ȚȖȔȐȔȣȑ ȎȈȎȌȖȑ, ȞȈȘȤ ȊȣȠȍȓ Ȓ ȔȍșȚț ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ. ǻȊȐȌȍȊ, ȟȚȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ șȗȧȚ, Ȗȕ ȊȣȗȐȓ ȖșȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȑ ȊȖȌȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȈȓȈșȤ Ȍȓȧ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȇȋȤȐ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȘȐȚțȈȓȈȔȐ ǪȍȌ, șȚȖȓȤ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ, ȟȚȖ ȊȖȌȈ, ȖșȊȧȡȍȕȕȈȧ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȔȈȕȚȘȈȔȐ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ. Ǫ ȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȖșȊȧȚȐȓȐ ȊȖȌț Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȧȋȤȐ ȍȍ ȊȣȗȐȓȈ ȖȌȕȈ Ȑȏ Ȏȍȕ ȞȈȘȧ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȊȖȓȍȑ șțȌȤȉȣ ȞȈȘȤ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ ȕȖȟȤȦ Ȓ ȔȍșȚț ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȑ, ȚȖȔȐȔȣȑ ȎȈȎȌȖȑ, șȈȔ ȊȣȗȐȓ ȥȚț ȊȖȌț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 țȚȚȝȐȚȈș Țȍ ȕȐȠȈȔȑȈȚȝȈ ȊȑțȌȈȒȈȔ ȒȈȓȈȠȈȔ ȗȘȈȉȝȖ ȗȈȗȘȈȟȟȝțȝ ȒȈșȑȈ ȒȈȘȔȍȌȈȔ ȗȐȚȈȔ ȗțȔșȈȊȈȕȈȔ ȌȎȈȓȈȔ țȚȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖșȕțȊȠȐșȤ; Țȍ — ȖȕȐ; ȕȐȠȈȔȑȈ — ȊȌȘțȋ țȊȐȌȍȓȐ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȊȑțȌȈȒȈȔ — ȓȐȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȊȖȌȣ; ȒȈȓȈȠȈȔ — ȒțȊȠȐȕ; ȗȘȈȉȝȖ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȗȈȗȘȈȟȟȝțȝ — șȗȘȖșȐȓȐ; ȒȈșȑȈ — ȒȖȋȖ; ȒȈȘȔȈ — ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȗȐȚȈȔ — ȊȣȗȐȚȈ; ȗțȔșȈȊȈȕȈȔ — ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȈȧ Ȍȓȧ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ; ȌȎȈȓȈȔ — ȊȖȌȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȗȘȖșȕțȓȐșȤ Ȑ țȊȐȌȍȓȐ, ȟȚȖ șȖșțȌ ȗțșȚ, ȖȕȐ șȚȈȓȐ șȗȘȈȠȐȊȈȚȤ ȌȘțȋ ȌȘțȋȈ, ȒȚȖ ȔȖȋ ȊȣȗȐȚȤ ȊȖȌț, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕțȦ Ȍȓȧ ȏȈȟȈȚȐȧ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 29 ȘȈȌȎȕȈ ȗȐȚȈȔ ȊȐȌȐȚȊȈ ȊȈȐ ȐȠȊȈȘȈ-ȗȘȈȝȐȚȍȕȈ Țȍ ȐȠȊȈȘȈȑȈ ȕȈȔȈȠ ȟȈȒȘțȘ ȈȝȖ ȌȈȐȊȈ-ȉȈȓȈȔ ȉȈȓȈȔ ȘȈȌȎȕȈ — ȞȈȘȍȔ; ȗȐȚȈȔ — ȊȣȗȐȚȈ; ȊȐȌȐȚȊȈ — ȗȖȕȧȊ; ȊȈȐ — ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ; ȐȠȊȈȘȈȗȘȈȝȐȚȍȕȈ — ȗȖȉțȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ Ȓ ȥȚȖȔț ȊȖȓȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; Țȍ — ȖȕȐ; ȐȠȊȈȘȈȑȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȕȈȔȈȝ ȟȈȒȘțȝ — ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȓȐșȤ; ȈȝȖ — țȊȣ; ȌȈȐȊȈ-ȉȈȓȈȔ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȗȘȖȊȐȌȍȕȐȧ; ȉȈȓȈȔ — ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǷȖȕȧȊ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȧ ȞȈȘȤ șȈȔ ȊȣȗȐȓ ȊȖȌț, ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȊȖșȒȓȐȒȕțȓȐ: «ǻȊȣ! ǶȚ șțȌȤȉȣ ȕȐȒțȌȈ ȕȍ țȑȚȐ. ǵȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖșȚȖȧȚȤ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊț ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȋȖ». ǹ ȥȚȐȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ ȖȕȐ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȓȐ șȊȖȍ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 ȚȈȚȈȝ ȒȈȓȈ țȗȈȊȘȐȚȚȍ ȒțȒȠȐȔ ȕȐȘȉȝȐȌȑȈ ȌȈȒȠȐȕȈȔ ȑțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈșȑȈ ȚȈȕȈȑȈȠ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ȌȎȈȌȎȈȕȈ ȝȈ 111


112 ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȒȈȓȍ — ȒȖȋȌȈ ȊȘȍȔȧ; țȗȈȊȘȐȚȚȍ — ȗȘȐȠȓȖ; ȒțȒȠȐȔ — ȕȐȎȕȦȦ ȟȈșȚȤ ȎȐȊȖȚȈ; ȕȐȘȉȝȐȌȑȈ — ȗȘȖȘȊȈȊ; ȌȈȒȠȐȕȈȔ — ȓȍȊțȦ; ȑțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈșȑȈ — ȞȈȘȧ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ; ȚȈȕȈȑȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȊșȍȔȐ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȘȐȧȚȕȣȔȐ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȈȔȐ ȞȈȘȧ; ȌȎȈȌȎȈȕȈ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; ȝȈ — Ȋ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȔ. ȟȍȘȍȏ ȌȖȓȎȕȣȑ șȘȖȒ Ȑȏ ȕȐȎȕȍȑ ȗȘȈȊȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȎȐȊȖȚȈ ȞȈȘȧ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ șȣȕ, ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȔȐ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȈȔȐ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 31 ȒȈȔ ȌȝȈșȑȈȚȐ ȒțȔȈȘȖ 'ȑȈȔ șȚȈȕȑȍ ȘȖȘțȑȈȚȍ ȉȝȘȐȠȈȔ ȔȈȔ ȌȝȈȚȈ ȊȈȚșȈ ȔȈ ȘȖȌȐȘ ȐȚȐȕȌȘȖ ȌȍȠȐȕȐȔ ȈȌȈȚ ȒȈȔ — ȒȖȔț; ȌȝȈșȑȈȚȐ — ȉțȌȍȚ ȖȚȌȈȕ (Ȍȓȧ țȝȖȌȈ Ȑ ȗȐȚȈȕȐȧ ȋȘțȌȕȣȔ ȔȖȓȖȒȖȔ); ȒțȔȈȘȈȝ — ȘȍȉȍȕȖȒ; ȈȑȈȔ — ȥȚȖȚ; șȚȈȕȑȍ — Ȗ ȋȘțȌȕȖȔ ȔȖȓȖȒȍ; ȘȖȘțȑȈȚȍ — ȘȣȌȈȍȚ; ȉȝȘȐȠȈȔ — șȐȓȤȕȖ; ȔȈȔ ȌȝȈȚȈ — șȖșȐ Ȕȍȕȧ; ȊȈȚșȈ — ȌȖȘȖȋȖȍ ȌȐȚȧ; ȔȈ ȘȖȌȐȝ — ȕȍ ȗȓȈȟȤ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȐȕȌȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ; ȌȍȠȐȕȐȔ — țȒȈȏȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȗȈȓȍȞ; ȈȌȈȚ — ȌȈȓ. ǺȘȍȉțȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȕșȒȖȋȖ ȔȖȓȖȒȈ, ȔȓȈȌȍȕȍȞ ȋȘȖȔȒȖ ȗȓȈȒȈȓ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖȗȍȟȈȓȍȕȣ ȥȚȐȔ. «DzȚȖ ȗȖȏȈȉȖȚȐȚșȧ Ȗ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȍ?» — șȖȒȘțȠȈȓȐșȤ ȖȕȐ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǰȕȌȘȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȧȋȤȍ, șȈȔ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȑ țȚȍȠȐȓ ȔȓȈȌȍȕȞȈ. «ǵȍ ȗȓȈȟȤ», — ȔȖȓȊȐȓ ǰȕȌȘȈ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȓ șȊȖȑ țȒȈȏȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȗȈȓȍȞ Ȋ ȘȖȚ ȔȓȈȌȍȕȞȈ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǴȖȎȍȠȤ ȗȐȚȤ Ȕȍȕȧ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 32 ȕȈ ȔȈȔȈȘȈ ȗȐȚȈ ȚȈșȑȈ ȊȐȗȘȈ-ȌȍȊȈ-ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȚȈȝ ȑțȊȈȕȈȠȊȖ 'ȚȝȈ ȚȈȚȘȈȐȊȈ ȚȈȗȈșȈ șȐȌȌȝȐȔ ȈȕȊȈȋȈȚ ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȔȈȔȈȘȈ — țȔȍȘ; ȗȐȚȈ — ȖȚȍȞ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ); ȊȐȗȘȈ-ȌȍȊȈȗȘȈșȈȌȈȚȈȝ — șȕȐșȒȈȊȠȐȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; ȑțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȚȈȚȘȈ ȥȊȈ — ȚȈȔ Ȏȍ; ȚȈȗȈșȈ — ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖȔ; șȐȌȌȝȐȔ — Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț; ȈȕȊȈȋȈȚ — ȗȘȐȠȍȓ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ, ȖȚȍȞ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ, ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȍȔț țȌȈȓȖșȤ ȊȣȎȐȚȤ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȓțȟȈȧ Ȗȕ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȋ șȍȉȧ șțȘȖȊȖȑ ȈșȒȍȏȍ Ȑ ȚȈȔ Ȏȍ Ȋ ȓȍșț ȌȖșȚȐȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 33 - 34 ȚȘȈșȈȌȌȈșȑțȘ ȐȚȐȕȌȘȖ 'ȕȋȈ ȊȐȌȈȌȝȍ ȕȈȔȈ ȑȈșȑȈ ȊȈȐ ȑȈșȔȈȚ ȚȘȈșȈȕȚȐ ȝȑ țȌȊȐȋȕȈ ȌȈșȑȈȊȖ ȘȈȊȈȕȈȌȈȑȈȝ 112


113 ȑȈțȊȈȕȈȠȊȖ 'ȚȝȈ ȔȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȑ ȈȊȈȕȐȔ ȗȘȈȉȝțȝ șȈȗȚȈ-ȌȊȐȗȈȊȈȚȐȔ ȥȒȈȝ ȠȈȠȈșȈȟȑțȚȈ-ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ ȚȘȈșȈȚ-ȌȈșȑțȝ — ǺȘȈșȈȌȌȈșȤȦ («ȋȘȖȏȈ ȊȖȘȖȊ Ȑ ȘȈȏȉȖȑȕȐȒȖȊ»); ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȐȕȌȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍȉȍș; ȈȕȋȈ — Ȗ ȔȖȑ ȞȈȘȤ; ȊȐȌȈȌȝȍ — ȌȈȓ; ȕȈȔȈ — ȐȔȧ; ȑȈșȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȊȈȐ — ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ; ȑȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȚȘȈșȈȕȚȐ — ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȦȚ șȚȘȈȝ; ȝȐ — ȊȍȌȤ; țȌȊȐȋȕȈȝ — ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȦȡȐȍ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȖ; ȌȈșȑȈȊȈȝ — ȊȖȘȣ Ȑ ȔȖȠȍȕȕȐȒȐ; ȘȈȊȈȕȈ-ȈȌȈȑȈȝ — ȗȘȍȌȊȖȌȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊțȍȔȣȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȘȈȒȠȈșȈȔȐ ȕȈȗȖȌȖȉȐȍ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ; ȑȈțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈȝ — șȣȕ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȔȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ — ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ; ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ — ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ; ȈȊȈȕȐȔ — ȏȍȔȓȦ; ȗȘȈȉȝțȝ — ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ; șȈȗȚȈȌȊȐȗȈ-ȊȈȚȐȔ — șȖșȚȖȧȡțȦ Ȑȏ șȍȔȐ ȖșȚȘȖȊȖȊ; ȥȒȈȝ — ȖȌȐȕ; ȠȈȠȈșȈ — ȗȘȈȊȐȓ; ȈȟȑțȚȈ- ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ — șȐȓȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȖȉȘȍȓ ȗȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȍȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ, șȣȕ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ, ȕȈȊȖȌȐȓ șȚȘȈȝ ȕȈ ȊȖȏȔțȚȐȚȍȓȧ șȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȐȧ ǸȈȊȈȕț Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȊȖȘȖȊ Ȑ ȗȘȍșȚțȗȕȐȒȖȊ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȏȈ ȥȚȖ șȣȕȈ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǺȘȈșȈȌȌȈșȤȦ. ȅȚȖ ȐȔȧ ȌȈȓ ȍȔț ȞȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ. ǴȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȣȕ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ ȉȣȓ ȚȈȒ ȔȖȋțȟ, ȟȚȖ, șȚȈȊ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ, ȖȌȐȕ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȔȐȘȖȔ, șȖșȚȖȧȊȠȐȔ Ȑȏ șȍȔȐ ȖșȚȘȖȊȖȊ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 35 - 36 ȐȌȎȍ ȟȈ ȑȈȌȎȕȈȔ ȒȘȈȚțȉȝȐȘ ȈȚȔȈ-ȊȐȌ ȉȝțȘȐ-ȌȈȒȠȐȕȈȐȝ șȈȘȊȈ-ȌȍȊȈȔȈȑȈȔ ȌȍȊȈȔ șȈȘȊȈȚȔȈȒȈȔ ȈȚȐȕȌȘȐȑȈȔ ȌȘȈȊȑȈȔ ȔȈȕȚȘȖ ȊȐȌȝȐȘ ȑȈȌȎȕȖ ȑȈȌȎȈȔȈȕȈș ȚȈȚȝȈȘȚȊȐȌȎȈȝ ȌȝȈȘȔȖ ȌȍȠȈȠ ȟȈ ȒȈȓȈȠ ȟȈ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȥȚȈȌ ȑȈȌ ȈȚȔȈȒȈȔ ȐȌȎȍ — ȗȖȟȐȚȈȓ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȑȈȌȎȕȈȔ — ȊȓȈȌȣȒȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ; ȒȘȈȚțȉȝȐȝ — ȗȣȠȕȣȔȐ ȖȉȘȧȌȈȔȐ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȊȐȚ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȑ șȍȉȧ; ȉȝțȘȐ-ȌȈȒȠȐȕȈȐȝ — ȡȍȌȘȣȔȐ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȌȍȊȈ-ȔȈȑȈȔ — ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ Ȋ ǹȍȉȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; ȌȍȊȈȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌț; șȈȘȊȈ-ȈȚȔȈȒȈȔ — ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ; ȈȚȐȐȕȌȘȐȑȈȔ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț; ȌȘȈȊȑȈȔ — ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȍ ȒȖȔȗȖȕȍȕȚȣ; ȔȈȕȚȘȈȝ — ȌȍȒȓȈȔȐȘȖȊȈȕȐȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȋȐȔȕȖȊ; ȊȐȌȝȐȝ — ȘțȒȖȊȖȌȧȡȍȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ; ȑȈȌȎȕȈȝ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ; ȑȈȌȎȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ; ȚȈȚȝȈ — Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȘȐȚȊȐȌȎȈȝ — șȊȧȡȍȕȕȐȒȐ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ — ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ; ȌȍȠȈȝ — șȚȘȈȕȈ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȒȈȓȈȝ — ȊȘȍȔȧ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; șȈȘȊȈȔ — Ȋșȍ; ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖ; ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ; ȈȚȔȈȒȈȔ — șȗȖșȖȉșȚȊțȦȡȍȍ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȖȚȓȐȟȍȕ ȖȚ ȊșȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ, ȉțȌȤ ȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȍȔȣȍ ȌȈȘȣ, ȗȍȕȐȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȋȐȔȕȖȊ, ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ Ȑ ȘȐȚțȈȓȣ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȍȓȤ, ȎȘȍȞȣ, ȗȓȖȌȣ ȧȋȤȐ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȔȍșȚȖ Ȑ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖȕȐȔȈȧ ȕȈțȒț ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȌțȠȐ, ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌț 113


114 ǪȐȠȕț, ȖȉȢȍȌȐȕȧȦȡȍȔț Ȋ ǹȍȉȍ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȞȈȘȤ ȌȈȊȈȓ ȡȍȌȘȣȍ ȗȖȎȍȘȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ Ȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȧ ȧȋȤȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 37 ȑȈȊȈȚ șțȘȑȈ țȌȍȚȐ șȔȈ ȑȈȊȈȟ ȟȈ ȗȘȈȚȐȚȐȠȚȝȈȚȐ ȚȈȚ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȑȈțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈșȑȈ ȔȈȕȌȝȈȚțȝ ȒȠȍȚȘȈȔ țȟȑȈȚȍ ȑȈȊȈȚ — ș Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ ȒȈȒ; șțȘȑȈȝ — șȖȓȕȞȍ; țȌȍȚȐ — ȊȖșȝȖȌȐȚ (ȕȈ ȋȖȘȐȏȖȕȚȍ); șȔȈ — Ȋ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȔ; ȑȈȊȈȚ — ȗȖȒțȌȈ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȗȘȈȚȐȚȐȠȚȝȈȚȐ — ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȍȚ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚȤșȧ (Ȋ ȕȍȉȍ); ȚȈȚ — ȚȖ (Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ ȊȣȠȍ); șȈȘȊȈȔ — Ȋșȍ; ȑȈțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈșȑȈ — șȣȕȈ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ; ȔȈȕȌȝȈȚțȝ — ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ; ȒȠȍȚȘȈȔ — ȔȍșȚȖȕȈȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ; țȟȑȈȚȍ — ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ. Ǫșȍ ȏȍȔȓȐ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȧ ȖȚ Țȍȝ ȔȍșȚ, ȋȌȍ ȕȈȌ ȋȖȘȐȏȖȕȚȖȔ ȊȖșȝȖȌȐȚ șȐȧȦȡȍȍ șȖȓȕȞȍ, Ȑ ȒȖȕȟȈȧ ȚȍȔȐ, ȋȌȍ ȖȕȖ șȈȌȐȚșȧ, șȟȐȚȈȓȐșȤ ȊȓȈȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ, șȣȕȈ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 38 ȠȈȠȈȉȐȕȌȖȘ ȌțȝȐȚȈȘȐ ȉȐȕȌțȔȈȚȑȈȔ ȈȌȝȈȕ ȕȘȐȗȈȝ ȗțȘțȒțȚșȈȔ ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȔ ȔțȟțȒțȕȌȈȔ ȟȈ ȑȖȋȐȕȈȔ ȚȍȠȈȔ șȊȈșȈȘȈȝ ȗȈȕȟȈȠȈȚ șȈțȉȝȈȘȐȔ ȊȈȊȘȐȘȍ ȗȈȚȐȔ ȠȈȠȈȉȐȕȌȖȝ — ȀȈȠȈȉȐȕȌț; ȌțȝȐȚȈȘȐ — Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ; ȉȐȕȌțȔȈȚȑȈȔ — ǩȐȕȌțȔȈȚȐ; ȈȌȝȈȚ — ȗȖȘȖȌȐȓ; ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ (ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ); ȗțȘțȒțȚșȈȔ — ǷțȘțȒțȚșț; ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȔ — ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠț; ȔțȟțȒțȕȌȈȔ — ǴțȟțȒțȕȌț; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȑȖȋȐȕȈȔ — ȊȣșȖȒȖ ȗȘȖȌȊȐȕțȚȖȋȖ ȔȐșȚȐȒȈ; ȚȍȠȈȔ — Ȑȝ; șȊȈșȈȘȈȝ — șȍșȚȘȣ; ȗȈȕȟȈȠȈȚ — ȗȧȚȤȌȍșȧȚ; șȈțȉȝȈȘȐȔ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ; ȊȈȊȘȐȘȍ — ȐȏȉȘȈȓȐ; ȗȈȚȐȔ — ȔțȎȈ. Ǫ ȓȖȕȍ ǩȐȕȌțȔȈȚȐ, ȌȖȟȍȘȐ ȀȈȠȈȉȐȕȌț, ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ ȏȈȟȈȓ ȚȘȍȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ȅȚȖ ȉȣȓȐ ǷțȘțȒțȚșȈ, ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ Ȑ ǴțȟțȒțȕȌȈ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȑȖȋ-ȔȐșȚȐȒ. ǻ ȕȐȝ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȧȚȤȌȍșȧȚ șȍșȚȍȘ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ șȚȈȓȐ ȎȍȕȈȔȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 39 - 40 ȑȈȔțȕȈȕȚȈȘ-ȌȎȈȓȍ ȔȈȋȕȈș ȚȈȗȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȚȈȗȈȝ ȕȐȘȊȘȐȚȐȔ ȔȐȕȈ-ȘȈȌȎȈșȑȈ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȔȈȐȚȝțȕȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȐȕȈȝ ȌȎȈȚȈ-șȗȘȐȝȖ ȕȘȐȗȈȔ ȊȐȗȘȈȝ ȒȈȕȑȈȔ ȥȒȈȔ ȈȑȈȟȈȚȈ șȖ 'ȗȑ ȈȝȈ ȋȘȐȝȑȈȚȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ 114


115 ȒȈȔȈȔ ȒȈȕȑȈ șȊȈȑȈȔȊȈȘȍ ȑȈȔțȕȈ-ȈȕȚȈȝ-ȌȎȈȓȍ — Ȋ ȘȍȒȍ ȇȔțȕȍ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ ȗȖȌ ȊȖȌȖȑ; ȔȈȋȕȈȝ — ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ; ȚȈȗȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ — șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȡȐȑ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — șțȘȖȊțȦ; ȚȈȗȈȝ — ȈșȒȍȏț; ȕȐȘȊȘȐȚȐȔ — ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȔȐȕȈ-ȘȈȌȎȈșȑȈ — ȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ Șȣȉȣ; ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȔȈȐȚȝțȕȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȐȕȈȝ — șȗȈȘȐȊȈȦȡȍȑșȧ; ȌȎȈȚȈ-șȗȘȐȝȈȝ — ȖȉȍșȗȖȒȖȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȖȓȖȊȣȔ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ; ȕȘȐȗȈȔ — ȞȈȘȧ (ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚț); ȊȐȗȘȈȝ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ (ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǸȐȠȐ); ȒȈȕȑȈȔ ȥȒȈȔ — ȖȌȕț ȌȖȟȤ; ȈȑȈȟȈȚȈ — ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ȞȈȘȤ); ȈȗȐ — ȖȌȕȈȒȖ; ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȋȘȐȝȑȈȚȈȔ — ȊȖȏȤȔȐ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ — Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȒȈȔȈȔ — ȗȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȦ; ȒȈȕȑȈ — ȌȖȟȤ; șȊȈȑȈȔȊȈȘȍ — Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȍȍ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȊȣȉȖȘȖȔ. ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǸȐȠȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȓșȧ ȈșȒȍȏȍ, ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ Ȋ ȊȖȌȣ ȘȍȒȐ ȇȔțȕȣ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ Ȗȕ țȊȐȌȍȓ ȗȈȘț Șȣȉ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȝ ȉȘȈȟȕȣȔȐ ȐȋȘȈȔȐ. ǫȓȧȌȧ ȕȈ ȕȐȝ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȓ, ȒȈȒ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȗȘȖȉțȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȎȈȎȌȈ ȗȓȖȚșȒȐȝ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȑ. ǫȖȕȐȔȣȑ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȈȎȌȖȑ, Ȗȕ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȓ ȞȈȘȦ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȖșȐȚȤ șȍȉȍ Ȋ Ȏȍȕȣ ȖȌȕț Ȑȏ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȟȍȘȍȑ. Ǫ ȖȚȊȍȚ ȕȈ ȗȘȖșȤȉț ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ȞȈȘȤ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «Ƕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȒȈȎȌȈȧ Ȑȏ ȔȖȐȝ ȌȖȟȍȘȍȑ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ șȈȔȈ ȊȣȉȘȈȚȤ șȍȉȍ ȔțȎȈ». DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȈȒ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ Ȗ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ Ȋ ǴȈȚȝțȘȍ, Ȉ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǸȐȠȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ ȈșȒȍȏț, ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ Ȋ ȊȖȌȣ ȘȍȒȐ ȇȔțȕȣ. ǷȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȊ ȎȈȎȌț ȗȓȖȚșȒȐȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ, ȘȐȠȐ ȊȣȠȍȓ Ȑȏ ȊȖȌȣ Ȑ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȓ ȞȈȘȦ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȚȤ ȖȌȕț Ȑȏ ȞȈȘșȒȐȝ ȌȖȟȍȘȍȑ Ȋ Ȏȍȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 41 - 42 șȈ ȊȐȟȐȕȚȑȈȗȘȐȑȈȔ șȚȘȐȕȈȔ ȌȎȈȘȈȚȝȖ 'ȝȈȔ ȈșȈȕ-ȔȈȚȈȝ ȊȈȓȐ-ȗȈȓȐȚȈ ȥȌȎȈȚ-ȒȈ ȐȚȑ ȈȝȈȔ ȗȘȈȚȑțȌȈȝȘȐȚȈȝ șȈȌȝȈȑȐȠȑȍ ȚȈȚȝȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ șțȘȈ-șȚȘȐȕȈȔ ȈȉȝȐȗșȐȚȈȔ ȒȐȔ ȗțȕȈȘ ȔȈȕțȌȎȍȕȌȘȈȕȈȔ ȐȚȐ ȊȑȈȊȈșȐȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȉȝțȝ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ); ȊȐȟȐȕȚȑȈ — ȌțȔȈȧ; ȈȗȘȐȑȈȔ — ȕȍȗȘȐȧȚȕȖȔ; șȚȘȐȕȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ; ȌȎȈȘȈȚȝȈȝ — ȖșȓȈȉȍȊȠȐȑ ȖȚ șȚȈȘȖșȚȐ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; ȈșȈȚ-ȔȈȚȈȝ — ȕȍȎȍȓȈȕȕȣȑ; ȊȈȓȐ — șȔȖȘȡȍȕȕȣȑ; ȗȈȓȐȚȈȝ — șȍȌȖȊȓȈșȣȑ; ȥȌȎȈȚ-ȒȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȧ ȋȖȓȖȊȈ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȚȘȧșȍȚșȧ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; ȗȘȈȚȑțȌȈȝȘȐȚȈȝ — ȖȚȊȍȘȋȕțȚȣȑ (ȐȔȐ); șȈȌȝȈȑȐȠȑȍ — țșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊțȦ; ȚȈȚȝȈ — ȚȈȒ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — ȔȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ; șțȘȈșȚȘȐȕȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȉȍșȕȣȝ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ ș ȘȈȑșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ; ȈȉȝȐȗșȐȚȈȔ — ȎȍȓȈȕȕȖȍ; ȒȐȔ — ȟȚȖ (ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ); ȗțȕȈȝ — ȖȌȕȈȒȖ; ȔȈȕțȌȎȈ-ȐȕȌȘȈȕȈȔ — Ȗ ȌȖȟȍȘȧȝ ȏȍȔȕȣȝ ȞȈȘȍȑ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȊȑȈȊȈșȐȚȈȝ — ȘȍȠȐȊȠȐȑ; ȗȘȈȉȝțȝ — ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ, ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ. ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȗȖȌțȔȈȓ: ȇ șȚȈȘ Ȑ ȕȍȔȖȡȍȕ. ǴȖȐ ȊȖȓȖșȣ ȗȖșȍȌȍȓȐ, ȒȖȎȈ ȖȌȘȧȉȓȈ, Ȉ ȋȖȓȖȊȈ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȚȘȧșȍȚșȧ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȧ — ȑȖȋ, Ȉ ȑȖȋȐ ȕȍ ȕȘȈȊȧȚșȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔ. 115


116 ǸȈȏ ȞȈȘȤ ȖȚȊȍȘȋ Ȕȍȕȧ, ȧ ȗȘȍȖȉȘȈȎț șȊȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ Ȑ șȚȈȕț ȎȍȓȈȕȕȣȔ ȌȈȎȍ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȉȍșȕȣȝ ȌȍȊ, ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ țȎȍ Ȗ ȌȖȟȍȘȧȝ ȏȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 43 ȔțȕȐȝ ȗȘȈȊȍȠȐȚȈȝ ȒȠȈȚȘȈ ȒȈȕȑȈȕȚȈȝȗțȘȈȔ ȘȐȌȌȝȐȔȈȚ ȊȘȐȚȈȝ șȈ ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȒȈȕȑȈȉȝȐȘ ȥȒȈȔ ȗȈȕȟȈȠȈȚȈ ȊȈȘȈȝ ȔțȕȐȝ — ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ; ȗȘȈȊȍȠȐȚȈȝ — ȊȊȍȌȍȕȕȣȑ; ȒȠȈȚȘȈ — ȌȊȖȘȞȖȊȣȔ ȗȖșȓȈȕȕȐȒȖȔ; ȒȈȕȑȈ-ȈȕȚȈȝȗțȘȈȔ — Ȋ ȗȖȒȖȐ ȞȈȘȍȊȍȕ; ȘȐȌȌȝȐ-ȔȈȚ — ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔȐ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊȈȔȐ; ȊȘȐȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȕȧȚȣȑ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ; ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȒȈȕȑȈȉȝȐȝ — ȞȈȘȍȊȕȈȔȐ; ȥȒȈȔ — ȖȌȐȕ; ȗȈȕȟȈȠȈȚȈ — ȗȧȚȐȌȍșȧȚȤȦ; ȊȈȘȈȝ — ȔțȎ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȗȘȍȖȉȘȈȏȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȔȖȓȖȌȖȋȖ Ȑ ȒȘȈșȐȊȖȋȖ ȦȕȖȠț, ȞȈȘșȒȐȑ ȗȖșȓȈȕȕȐȒ ȖȚȊȍȓ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȘȖșȒȖȠȕȣȍ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȐȍ ȗȖȒȖȐ, ȋȌȍ ȎȐȓȐ ȞȈȘȍȊȕȣ. ǻȊȐȌȍȊ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȋȖ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ, Ȋșȍ ȗȧȚȤȌȍșȧȚ ȞȈȘȍȊȍȕ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓȐ ȊȣȑȚȐ ȏȈȔțȎ ȏȈ ȕȍȋȖ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 44 ȚȈșȈȔ ȒȈȓȐȘ ȈȉȝțȌ ȉȝțȑȈȔș ȚȈȌ-ȈȘȚȝȍ 'ȗȖȝȑȈ șȈțȝȘȐȌȈȔ ȔȈȔȈȕțȘțȗȖ ȕȈȑȈȔ ȊȈ ȐȚȐ ȚȈȌ-ȋȈȚȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈȔ ȚȈșȈȔ — șȘȍȌȐ ȕȐȝ (ȞȈȘȍȊȍȕ); ȒȈȓȐȝ — ȘȈȏȓȈȌ Ȑ șșȖȘȈ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȉȣȓȈ; ȉȝțȑȈȕ — șȐȓȤȕȖ; ȚȈȚ-ȈȘȚȝȍ — ȗȖ ȚȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ (Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ); ȈȗȖȝȑȈ — ȖȚȊȍȘȋȕțȊ; șȈțȝȘȐȌȈȔ — ȌȖȉȘȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȔȈȔȈ — ȔȖȑ; ȈȕțȘțȗȈȝ — ȗȖȌȝȖȌȧȡȐȑ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȑȈȔ — ȥȚȖȚ; ȊȈȝ — ȊȈȠ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȚȈȚ-ȋȈȚȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈȔ — ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȦȡȐȝ ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ȕȍȔț. ǾȈȘȍȊȕȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȚȈȒ ȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȕȣ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ, ȟȚȖ, ȏȈȉȣȊ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȓȐșȤ ȌȘțȋ ȌȘțȋț șȍșȚȘȈȔȐ, șȚȈȓȐ șșȖȘȐȚȤșȧ Ȑ șȗȖȘȐȚȤ, ȋȖȊȖȘȧ ȖȌȕȈ ȌȘțȋȖȑ: «Ƕȕ ȗȖȌȝȖȌȐȚ Ȕȕȍ, Ȑ ȕȍ ȋȖȌȐȚșȧ Țȍȉȍ». ǺȈȒ ȔȍȎȌț șȍșȚȘȈȔȐ ȘȈȏȋȖȘȍȓȈșȤ ȕȍȠțȚȖȟȕȈȧ șșȖȘȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 45 - 46 șȈ ȉȈȝȊ-ȘȐȟȈș ȚȈȉȝȐȘ ȈȗȈȘȈȕȐȑȈȚȈȗȈȝ-ȠȘȐȑȈȕȈȘȋȝȑȈ-ȗȈȘȐȟȟȝȈȌȍȠț ȋȘȐȝȍȠț ȕȈȕȖȗȈȊȈȕȈȔȈȓȈȔȉȝȈȝșȈȘȈȝșț șȈțȋȈȕȌȝȐȒȈ-ȒȈȕȈȕȍȠț ȔȈȝȈȘȝȈ-ȠȈȑȑȈșȈȕȈ-ȊȈșȚȘȈ-ȉȝțȠȈȕȈșȕȈȕȈȕțȓȍȗȈȉȝȑȈȊȈȝȈȘȈ-ȔȈȓȑȈȒȈȐȝ șȊȈȓȈȕȒȘȐȚȈ-șȚȘȐ-ȗțȘțȠȍȠț ȕȐȚȑȈȌȈ ȘȍȔȍ 'ȕțȋȈȑȈȌ-ȌȊȐȌȎȈ-ȉȝȘȐȕȋȈ-ȊȈȕȌȐȠț 116


117 șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǸȐȠȐ); ȉȈȝț-ȘȐȟȈȝ — ȐșȒțșȕȖ ȊȓȈȌȍȦȡȐȑ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȔȈȕȚȘȈȔȐ; ȚȈȉȝȐȝ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȕȐȔȐ (șȊȖȐȔȐ ȎȍȕȈȔȐ); ȈȗȈȘȈȕȐȑȈ — ȕȍșȔȍȚȕȣȝ; ȚȈȗȈȝ — ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖȔ; ȠȘȐȑȈ — ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊ; ȈȕȈȘȋȝȑȈ — ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȖȊ ȘȖșȒȖȠȐ; ȗȈȘȐȟȟȝȈȌȍȠț — Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȚȒȈȕȍȑ Ȑ ȖȌȍȧȕȐȑ; ȋȘȐȝȍȠț — Ȋ ȌȖȔȈȝ Ȑ Ȋ ȗȖȒȖȧȝ; ȕȈȕȈ — ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȝ; țȗȈȊȈȕȈ — șȘȍȌȐ ȗȈȘȒȖȊ; ȈȔȈȓȈ — ș ȟȐșȚȖȑ; ȈȔȉȝȈȝ — ȊȖȌȖȑ; șȈȘȈȝșț — Ȋ ȖȏȍȘȈȝ; șȈțȋȈȕȌȝȐȒȈ — ȉȓȈȋȖțȝȈȦȡȐȝ; ȒȈȕȈȕȍȠț — Ȋ șȈȌȈȝ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȘȝȈ — ș ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȣȔȐ; ȠȈȑȑȈ — ȓȖȎȈȔȐ; ȈșȈȕȈ — șȐȌȍȕȤȧȔȐ; ȊȈșȚȘȈ — ȕȈȘȧȌȈȔȐ; ȉȝțȠȈȕȈ — țȒȘȈȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ; șȕȈȕȈ — ȒțȗȈȓȤȕȧȔȐ; ȈȕțȓȍȗȈ — șȈȕȌȈȓȖȊȖȑ ȗȈșȚȖȑ; ȈȉȝȑȈȊȈȝȈȘȈ — ȐȏȣșȒȈȕȕȣȔȐ ȧșȚȊȈȔȐ; ȔȈȓȑȈȒȈȐȝ — ș ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌȈȔȐ; șț-ȈȓȈȕȒȘȐȚȈ — ȐȏȣșȒȈȕȕȖ ȖȌȍȚȣȝ Ȑ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȝ; șȚȘȐ — ȎȍȕȡȐȕ; ȗțȘțȠȍȠț — șȘȍȌȐ ȔțȎȟȐȕ; ȕȐȚȑȈȌȈ — ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ; ȘȍȔȍ — ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȓșȧ; ȈȕțȋȈȑȈȚ — ȗȖȦȡȐȝ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈ — ȗȚȐȞ; ȉȝȘȐȕȋȈ — ȠȔȍȓȍȑ; ȊȈȕȌȐȠț — șȘȍȌȐ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȍȊȞȖȊ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȊȓȈȌȍȓ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȖȔ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȕȚȘ Ȑ ȌȖȓȋȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȓșȧ ȈșȒȍȏȍ, Ȗȕ ȖȉȘȍȓ Ȋșȍ ȔȣșȓȐȔȣȍ ȉȓȈȋȈ: ȉȖȋȈȚȣȑ ȌȖȔ, ȖȌȍȎȌȣ, țȒȘȈȠȍȕȐȧ, ȕȈȘȧȌȕȣȝ șȓțȎȈȕȖȒ Ȑ șȓțȋ, ȗȈȘȒȐ ș ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘțȌȈȔȐ Ȑ șȈȌȣ. Ǫ șȈȌȈȝ ȘȖșȓȐ ȉȓȈȋȖțȝȈȕȕȣȍ ȞȊȍȚȣ, ȡȍȉȍȚȈȓȐ ȗȚȐȞȣ, ȎțȎȎȈȓȐ ȗȟȍȓȣ Ȑ ȗȍȓȐ ȓțȟȠȐȍ ȗȍȊȞȣ. ǬȖȔ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȉȣȓ ȖȉșȚȈȊȓȍȕ ȌȖȘȖȋȐȔȐ ȓȖȎȈȔȐ Ȑ șȐȌȍȕȤȧȔȐ, Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȉȣȓȐ ȒțȗȈȓȤȕȐ, ȔȕȖȋȖ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȐȑ, ȊȖȏȌțȝ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȉȣȓ ȕȈȗȖȍȕ ȏȈȗȈȝȖȔ șȈȕȌȈȓȖȊȖȋȖ ȔȈșȓȈ, ȞȊȍȚȖȟȕȣȝ ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌ Ȑ ȐȏȣșȒȈȕȕȣȝ ȧșȚȊ. ǺȈȒ, ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ ȘȖșȒȖȠȤȦ, ǴțȕȐ ȎȐȓ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȌȖȔȍ șȖ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȔȕȖȋȖȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȎȍȕȈȔȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȑȖȋȖȔ . ǹȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȔȣȍ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȐ, ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȦȚ ȊȓȈȌȍȚȤ ȊȖșȍȔȤȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ șȐȓȈȔȐ: ȈȕȐȔȖȑ, ȓȈȋȝȐȔȖȑ, ȔȈȝȐȔȖȑ, ȗȘȈȗȚȐ, ȗȘȈȒȈȔȤȍȑ, ȐȠȐȚȊȖȑ, ȊȈȠȐȚȊȖȑ Ȑ ȒȈȔȈȊȈșȈȑȐȚȖȑ . ǪȓȈȌȍȧ ȥȚȐȔȐ șȐȓȈȔȐ, ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȖȉȘȍȓ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ Ȍȓȧ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ. ǹȓȖȊȖ ȉȈȝȊ-ȘȐȟȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȐșȒțșȕȣȑ Ȋ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȐȐ ȔȈȕȚȘ « . ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ Ȗȉȣȟȕȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ șȗȖșȖȉȖȊ, Ȉ ȔȖȎȕȖ Ȑ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȈȕȚȘ . ǷȘȖȐȏȕȖșȧ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ, ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ șȚȈȓ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȉȖȋȈȚ, ȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ șȌȍȓȈȓȖ ȍȋȖ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȍȍ. DzȈȒ șȚȈȕȍȚ ȧșȕȖ Ȑȏ ȗȖșȓȍȌțȦȡȐȝ șȚȐȝȖȊ, ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ ȘȈȏȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȓșȧ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȑ ȥȚȖȑ ȘȖșȒȖȠȐ Ȑ, ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ Ȋșȍ, șȕȖȊȈ țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȍșȚȐ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝȐ . ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȖȉȘȍȓ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖ. ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȈȚȔȈ-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȊȐȚ Ȑ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȍȚ Ȗ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȓțȟȈȚȤ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ. ǵȖ ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȓ ȈȚȔț, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȖșȖȉȖȑ ȘȈȌȖșȚȐ. ǺȈȒȖȊ țȘȖȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȐȏȊȓȍȟȤ Ȑȏ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 47 ȑȈȌ-ȋȈȘȝȈșȚȝȑȈȔ Țț șȈȔȊȐȒȠȑȈ șȈȗȚȈ-ȌȊȐȗȈȊȈȚȐ-ȗȈȚȐȝ ȊȐșȔȐȚȈȝ șȚȈȔȉȝȈȔ ȈȌȎȈȝȈȚ șȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȈ-ȠȘȐȑȈȕȊȐȚȈȔ ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȋȈȘȝȈșȚȝȑȈȔ — ȎȐȏȕȤ ȋȘȐȝȈșȚȝȐ, șȍȔȍȑȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ; Țț — Ȏȍ; șȈȔȊȐȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; șȈȗȚȈ-ȌȊȐȗȈ-ȊȈȚȐ-ȗȈȚȐȝ — ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ, ȞȈȘȤ ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȗȖȒȖȧȡȍȋȖșȧ ȕȈ șȍȔȐ ȖșȚȘȖȊȈȝ; ȊȐșȔȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖȘȈȎȍȕȕȣȑ; șȚȈȔȉȝȈȔ — ȋȖȘȌȖșȚȤ ȊȣșȖȒȐȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍȔ; ȈȌȎȈȝȈȚ — ȖȚȊȍȘȋ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝȈțȔȈ — ȒȈȒ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ ȊșȍȋȖ 117


118 ȔȐȘȈ; ȠȘȐȑȈ-ȈȕȊȐȚȈȔ — ȊȣȏȊȈȕȕțȦ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȓȍȕ ȊșȍȔȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȈ, ȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐȑ ȞȍȓȣȔ ȔȐȘȖȔ, șȖșȚȖȧȡȐȔ Ȑȏ șȍȔȐ ȖșȚȘȖȊȖȊ, ȉȣȓ ȐȏțȔȓȍȕ, țȊȐȌȍȊ, Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȑ ȘȖșȒȖȠȐ ȎȐȊȍȚ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ. Ƕȕ șȘȈȏț ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȓ ȋȖȘȌȐȚȤșȧ șȊȖȐȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȎȌȣȑ ȋȖȘȌȐȚșȧ ȚȍȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȗȕ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȏȌȍșȤ ȖȗȐșȈȕ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȘȍȌȒȐȑ șȓțȟȈȑ: ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, țȊȐȌȍȊ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ, ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȓ șȍȉȧ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȉȍȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ Ȑ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ǴțȕȐ ȗȘȍȊȏȖȠȍȓ ȍȋȖ Ȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ șȟȈșȚȤȍȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 48 ȥȊȈȔ ȋȘȐȝȍȠȊ ȈȉȝȐȘȈȚȖ ȊȐȠȈȑȈȕ ȊȐȊȐȌȝȈȐȝ șțȒȝȈȐȝ șȍȊȈȔȈȕȖ ȕȈ ȟȈȚțȠȑȈȌ ȈȌȎȑȈ-șȚȖȒȈȐȘ ȐȊȈȕȈȓȈȝ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȋȘȐȝȍȠț — Ȋ șȍȔȍȑȕȣȝ ȌȍȓȈȝ; ȈȉȝȐȘȈȚȈȝ — ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȦȡȐȑ; ȊȐȠȈȑȈȕ — ȈȚȘȐȉțȚȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȊȐȊȐȌȝȈȐȝ — ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔȐ; șțȒȝȈȐȝ — ȘȈȌȖșȚȧȔȐ; șȍȊȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈȚțȠȑȈȚ — ȉȣȓ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕ; ȈȌȎȑȈ-șȚȖȒȈȐȝ — ȒȈȗȓȧȔȐ ȔȈșȓȈ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȈȕȈȓȈȝ — ȖȋȖȕȤ. ǺȈȒ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȓșȧ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȕȖ ȕȍ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȓ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȖȋȕȦ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ țȋȈșȈȍȚ, ȍșȓȐ Ȋ ȕȍȋȖ Ȋșȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȖȌȓȐȊȈȦȚ ȔȈșȓȖ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣ ȗȣȓȈȦȡȍȔț ȖȋȕȦ. ǭșȓȐ Ȋ ȖȋȖȕȤ ȚȖ Ȑ ȌȍȓȖ ȗȖȌȓȐȊȈȚȤ ȔȈșȓȖ, Ȗȕ ȉțȌȍȚ ȘȈȏȋȖȘȈȚȤșȧ Ȋșȍ șȐȓȤȕȍȍ Ȑ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ țȋȈșȕȍȚ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȖȗȣȚȒȐ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ, ȗȖȚȈȒȈȧ șȊȖȐȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȐȕșȚȐȕȒȚȈȔ, ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ țȊȍȕȟȈȦȚșȧ țșȗȍȝȖȔ. Ǫ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȓȦȌȐ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȦ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ Ȋșȍ ȚȖȔț Ȏȍ ȗȖȌȓȐȊȈȕȐȦ ȔȈșȓȈ Ȋ ȖȋȖȕȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǯȈȗȈȌȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȕȣ ȌȖșȚȐȋȓȐ ȊȍȘȠȐȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȧ, ȕȖ ȓȦȌȐ Ȑ ȚȈȔ ȖșȚȈȦȚșȧ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȔȐ. ǰșȚȐȕȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȕȈȑȚȐ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ- ȋȐȚȍ» (5.29), ȋȌȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȉȝȖȒȚȈȘȈȔ ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-ȚȈȗȈșȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȓȖȒȈ-ȔȈȝȍȠȊȈȘȈȔ șțȝȘȐȌȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȚȊȈ ȔȈȔ ȠȈȕȚȐȔ ȘȐȟȟȝȈȚȐ «ǴțȌȘȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȍ, ȟȚȖ ȇ — ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ, ȒȚȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȊșȍȔȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ Ȑ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȟȚȖ ȇ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ Ȑ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȌȘțȋ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȍȚȍȓȤ Ȋșȍȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȦȚ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ țȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ». ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȊșȚȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȑ ȘȈȏȊȐȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȐ, șȚȘȖȋȖ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȧ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȊȍȟȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ, ȗȖȓȕțȦ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ, șȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȐȧ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. 118


119 ǺǭDzǹǺ 49 șȈ ȒȈȌȈȟȐȌ țȗȈșȐȕȈ ȈȚȔȈȗȈȝȕȈȊȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȌȈȌȈȘȠȈ ȉȈȝȊ-ȘȐȟȈȟȈȘȑȖ ȔȐȕȈ-șȈȕȋȈ-șȈȔțȚȚȝȐȚȈȔ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ); ȒȈȌȈȟȐȚ — ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ; țȗȈșȐȕȈȝ — șȐȌȧȡȐȑ; ȈȚȔȈȈȗȈȝȕȈȊȈȔ — șȊȖȍ ȗȈȌȍȕȐȍ (ș țȘȖȊȕȧ ȚȈȗȈșȤȐ ); ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȕȍȋȖ șȈȔȖȋȖ; ȌȈȌȈȘȠȈ — țȊȐȌȍȓ; ȉȈȝț-ȘȐȟȈ-ȈȟȈȘȑȈȝ — ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ, ȊȓȈȌȍȦȡȐȑ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȖȔ ȌȍȒȓȈȔȈȞȐȐ ȔȈȕȚȘ; ȔȐȕȈ- șȈȕȋȈ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ șȗȈȘȐȊȈȕȐȧ Șȣȉ; șȈȔțȚȚȝȐȚȈȔ — ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȍȍ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȌȖșȚȐȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȐȐ ȔȈȕȚȘ, șȐȌȍȓ Ȋ țȍȌȐȕȍȕȕȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ, Ȗȕ ȏȈȌțȔȈȓșȧ Ȗ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȈȌȍȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȓȖ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ țȊȐȌȍȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȉȘȈȟȕȣȔ ȐȋȘȈȔ Șȣȉ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȗȈȓ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ -ȈȗȈȘȈȌȝȐ. ǵȍȒȖȋȌȈ ǫȈȘțȌȈ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓ șȢȍșȚȤ Șȣȉț, ȕȖ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȗȖ ȕȍȌȖȘȈȏțȔȍȕȐȦ ȘȍȠȐȓ ȍȍ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ. ǺȈȒ Ȗȕ ȗȖȔȍȠȈȓ ǫȈȘțȌȍ ȗȖȍșȚȤ Ȑ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȕȈȕȍș șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖȍ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȍ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊț . ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȥȚȖȑ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ - ȈȗȈȘȈȌȝȐ, ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ, ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ țȚȘȈȚȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȓ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȖȑ ȚȈȗȈșȤȐ . ǵȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȟȐȕȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȧ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊț — ȚȈȒȖȊ țȘȖȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȐȏȊȓȍȟȤ Ȑȏ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 50 ȈȝȖ ȐȔȈȔ ȗȈȠȑȈȚȈ Ȕȍ ȊȐȕȈȠȈȔ ȚȈȗȈșȊȐȕȈȝ șȈȟ-ȟȈȘȐȚȈ-ȊȘȈȚȈșȑȈ ȈȕȚȈȘȌȎȈȓȍ ȊȈȘȐ-ȟȈȘȈ-ȗȘȈșȈȕȋȈȚ ȗȘȈȟȑȈȊȐȚȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȟȐȘȈȔ ȌȝȘȐȚȈȔ ȑȈȚ ȈȝȖ — țȊȣ; ȐȔȈȔ — ȕȈ ȥȚȖ; ȗȈȠȑȈȚȈ — ȊȏȋȓȧȕȐȚȍ; Ȕȍ — ȔȖȍ; ȊȐȕȈȠȈȔ — ȗȈȌȍȕȐȍ; ȚȈȗȈșȊȐȕȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔȐșȚȐȒȈ, ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊț; șȈȚ-ȟȈȘȐȚȈ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȍȋȖ ȏȈȔȍȟȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȖȔ, ȗȘȐȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȊȠȍȋȖșȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ Ȑ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȐȑ; ȊȘȈȚȈșȑȈ — ȕȍțȒȓȖȕȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȊȠȍȋȖ ȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȍȚ; ȈȕȚȈȝ-ȌȎȈȓȍ — ȗȖȌ ȊȖȌȖȑ; ȊȈȘȐ-ȟȈȘȈ-ȗȘȈșȈȕȋȈȚ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȝ ȐȋȘ Șȣȉ; ȗȘȈȟȑȈȊȐȚȈȔ — ȖșȚȈȊȐȊȠȍȋȖ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ — ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ (ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ); ȟȐȘȈȔ — ȌȖȓȋȖ; ȌȝȘȐȚȈȔ — șȖȊȍȘȠȈȊȠȍȍșȧ; ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ. «ǻȊȣ! ȇ ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȓșȧ ȈșȒȍȏȍ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ ȗȖȌ ȊȖȌȖȑ Ȑ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȊșȍȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ ȖȚȠȍȓȤȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȕȖ ȓȐȠȐȓșȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȓȖȌȖȊ ȔȖȐȝ ȌȖȓȋȐȝ țșȐȓȐȑ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ țȊȐȌȍȊ ȗȈȘț ȘȍȏȊȧȡȐȝșȧ Șȣȉ. ǷțșȚȤ Ȏȍ ȔȖȍ ȗȈȌȍȕȐȍ șȚȈȕȍȚ țȘȖȒȖȔ Ȍȓȧ ȌȘțȋȐȝ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 51 șȈȕȋȈȔ ȚȑȈȌȎȍȚȈ ȔȐȚȝțȕȈ-ȊȘȈȚȐȕȈȔ ȔțȔțȒȠțȝ șȈȘȊȈȚȔȈȕȈ ȕȈ ȊȐșȘȐȌȎȍȌ ȉȈȝȐȘ-ȐȕȌȘȐȑȈȕȐ 119


120 ȥȒȈȠ ȟȈȘȈȕ ȘȈȝȈșȐ ȟȐȚȚȈȔ ȈȕȈȕȚȈ ȐȠȍ ȑțȕȌȎȐȚȈ ȚȈȌ-ȊȘȈȚȐȠț șȈȌȝțȠț ȟȍȚ ȗȘȈșȈȕȋȈȝ șȈȕȋȈȔ — ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ; ȚȑȈȌȎȍȚȈ — ȗțșȚȤ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚ; ȔȐȚȝțȕȈ-ȊȘȈȚȐȕȈȔ — ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȘȍȌȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȗȖȓȖȊȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȒȈȒ ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȕȍȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȕȖȑ; ȔțȔțȒȠțȝ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȑ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈ — ȊșȍȔ șȊȖȐȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȊȐșȘȐȌȎȍȚ — ȗțșȚȤ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚ; ȉȈȝȐȝ-ȐȕȌȘȐȑȈȕȐ — ȊȕȍȠȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ; ȥȒȈȝ — ȖȌȐȕ; ȟȈȘȈȕ — ȎȐȊțȡȐȑ; ȘȈȝȈșȐ — Ȋ țȍȌȐȕȍȕȕȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ; ȟȐȚȚȈȔ — șȍȘȌȞȍ; ȈȕȈȕȚȍ ȐȠȍ — ȕȈ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗȈȝ ȉȍșȗȘȍȌȍȓȤȕȖȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȑțȕȌȎȐȚȈ — ȗțșȚȤ șȊȧȎȍȚ (șȍȉȧ); ȚȈȚ-ȊȘȈȚȐȠț — Țȍȝ, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȚȈȒȐȍ Ȏȍ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȣ (șȚȘȍȔȧȡȐȝșȧ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ); șȈȌȝțȠț — Ȋ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȐȒȈȝ; ȟȍȚ — ȍșȓȐ; ȗȘȈșȈȕȋȈȝ — ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ. «ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, șȚȘȍȔȧȡȐȑșȧ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȗȓȍȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ ș ȗȖȝȖȚȓȐȊȣȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ Ȑ ȕȍ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȍȓȧ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ [ȘȈȏȋȓȧȌȣȊȈȕȐȧ, șȓțȠȈȕȐȧ, ȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȘȈȏȋȖȊȖȘȖȊ, ȗȘȖȋțȓȖȒ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȍȋȖ]. ǺȈȒȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȖșȚȈȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ țȍȌȐȕȍȕȕȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ Ȑ ȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ țȔ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȣȔ ȕȈ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗȈȝ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȉ ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȖȉȡȈȚȤșȧ ș ȒȍȔ-ȚȖ, ȚȖ ȍȔț ȕțȎȕȖ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȚȤ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ș ȚȍȔȐ, ȒȚȖ ȐȌȍȚ ȗȖ ȚȖȔț Ȏȍ ȗțȚȐ». DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ, țȉȍȌȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȗȣȚȍ, țȟȐȚ ȕȈș, ȟȚȖ ȗȍȘȍșȍȟȤ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȚȐȓ ȖȉȡȈȚȤșȧ ș ȗȖȝȖȚȓȐȊȣȔȐ Ȑ ȈȓȟțȡȐȔȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ. ǺȖȔț Ȏȍ țȟȐȚ Ȑ ȀȘȐ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț: ȕȐȠȒȐȕȟȈȕȈșȑȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȉȝȈȌȎȈȕȖȕȔțȒȈșȑȈ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȌȎȐȋȈȔȐȠȖȘ ȉȝȈȊȈ-șȈȋȈȘȈșȑȈ șȈȕȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ ȊȐȠȈȑȐȕȈȔ ȈȚȝȈ ȑȖȠȐȚȈȔ ȟȈ ȝȈ ȝȈȕȚȈ ȝȈȕȚȈ ȊȐȠȈ-ȉȝȈȒȠȈȕȈȚȖ 'ȗȑ ȈșȈȌȝț ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ-ȟȈȕȌȘȖȌȈȧ-ȕȈȚȈȒȈ, 8.27 «ǺȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȗȍȘȍșȍȟȤ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ ȉȍșȒȖȘȣșȚȕȖ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ș ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ, ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȌȈȎȍ șȔȖȚȘȍȚȤ ȕȈ ȔțȎȟȐȕț ȐȓȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț, ȗȘȍȌȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ. ȅȚȖ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȝțȎȍ, ȟȍȔ ȌȖȉȘȖȊȖȓȤȕȖ ȗȐȚȤ ȧȌ». ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȖȒȖȊ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȊșȚȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǭȔț ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖȉȡȈȚȤșȧ ș ȊȐȠȈȑȐ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ, ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȔȐ Ȓ ȗȓȖȚșȒȐȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ. Ǫșȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȣ ȌțȔȈȦȚ Ȗ șȍȒșțȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȝ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, șȚȘȖȋȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȑ, șȊȧȚȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȐȏȉȍȋȈȚȤ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ș ȓȦȌȤȔȐ, șȒȓȖȕȕȣȔȐ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧȔ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȖȚȚȈȔȈ ȌȈș ǺȝȈȒțȘ șȖȊȍȚțȍȚ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ȈȟȈȘȤȧȔ . ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȎȐȚȤ Ȋ ȟȤȍȔ-ȚȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ, ȚȖ ȓțȟȠȍ ȊșȍȋȖ, ȍșȓȐ ȥȚȖ ȉțȌȍȚ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ (ȚȈȕȌȍȘȈ ȟȈȘȈȕȈ șȍȊȐ ȉȝȈȒȚȈ- șȈȕȍ ȊȈșȈ) . ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȖȚȒȘȣȊȈȍȚ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȞȍȕȚȘȖȊ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȋȖȚȖȊȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȖȉȡȈȧșȤ ș ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ ȓȦȌȐ șȈȔȐ șȖȉȖȑ ȚȍȘȧȓȐ ȉȣ ȐȕȚȍȘȍș Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǽȖȚȧ ȥȚȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȣșȖȒȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ, ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȀȘȐ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ ș ȕȈȠȐȔȐ 120


121 ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȍ ȗȓȖȌȣ. ǶȉȡȈȧșȤ ș țȟȈșȚȕȐȒȈȔȐ ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȧ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȧ ȗȘȈșȈȌ Ȑ țȟȈșȚȊțȧ Ȋ ȗȍȕȐȐ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, șȈȔȣȍ Ȗȉȣȟȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȦȚ ȏȈȔȍȚȕȣȝ țșȗȍȝȖȊ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ șȖȎȈȓȍȍȚ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȈȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȑ ȌțȘȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ, ȌȈȎȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȧșȤ ȗȖȌ ȊȖȌȖȑ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȚȍȘȧȓ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ȕȈȌ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȒȖȋȌȈ țȊȐȌȍȓ ȉȘȈȟȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ ȌȊțȝ Șȣȉ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȌȈȎȍ țȍȌȐȕȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȍșȚȖ ȕȍ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȚ ȗȈȌȍȕȐȧ, ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȖȉȡȈȍȚșȧ șȖ șȊȧȚȣȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 52 ȥȒȈș ȚȈȗȈșȊȑ ȈȝȈȔ ȈȚȝȈȔȉȝȈșȐ ȔȈȚșȑȈ-șȈȕȋȈȚ ȗȈȕȟȈȠȈȌ ȈșȈȔ țȚȈ ȗȈȕȟȈ-șȈȝȈșȘȈ-șȈȘȋȈȝ ȕȈȕȚȈȔ ȊȘȈȌȎȈȔȑ țȉȝȈȑȈ-ȒȘȐȚȑȈ-ȔȈȕȖȘȈȚȝȈȕȈȔ ȔȈȑȈ-ȋțȕȈȐȘ ȝȘȐȚȈ-ȔȈȚȐȘ ȊȐȠȈȑȍ 'ȘȚȝȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȝ ȥȒȈȝ — ȖȌȐȕ; ȚȈȗȈșȊȐ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȈȔȉȝȈșȐ — Ȋ ȊȖȌȍ; ȔȈȚșȑȈ-șȈȕȋȈȚ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ș ȘȣȉȖȑ; ȗȈȕȟȈȠȈȚ — ȗȧȚȤȌȍșȧȚ; ȈșȈȔ — șȚȈȓ (ȏȈȊȍȓ ȗȧȚȤȌȍșȧȚ Ȏȍȕ); țȚȈ — (ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ țȎȍ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ț ȒȈȎȌȖȑ ȘȖȌȐȓȖșȤ ȗȖ șȚȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ); ȗȈȕȟȈ-șȈȝȈșȘȈ-șȈȘȋȈȝ — ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȖ ȟȐșȓȖȔ ȗȧȚȤ Țȣșȧȟ; ȕȈ ȈȕȚȈȔ — ȕȍȚ ȒȖȕȞȈ; ȊȘȈȌȎȈȔȐ — ȕȈȝȖȎț; țȉȝȈȑȈ-ȒȘȐȚȑȈ — Ȗȉ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȧȝ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ Ȑ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȔȈȕȖȘȈȚȝȈȕȈȔ — ȐȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȑ țȔȈ; ȔȈȑȈ-ȋțȕȈȐȝ — ȋțȕȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȝȘȐȚȈ — țȕȍșȍȕȕȣȑ; ȔȈȚȐȝ ȊȐȠȈȑȍ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȍȑ țȔ ȊȓȍȟȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț; ȈȘȚȝȈ- ȉȝȈȊȈȝ — ȖȏȈȉȖȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȓȐȠȤ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȖȑ. «ǪȕȈȟȈȓȍ ȧ ȎȐȓ ȖȌȐȕ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȧșȤ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȖȑ Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȧ ȈșȒȍȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȖȌȊȐȋȐ, ȕȖ, ȗȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ȧ țȊȐȌȍȓ ȥȚȐȝ Șȣȉ, Ȕȕȍ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓȖșȤ ȎȍȕȐȚȤșȧ. ǺȈȒ ȧ șȚȈȓ ȔțȎȍȔ ȗȧȚȐȌȍșȧȚȐ Ȏȍȕ Ȑ ș ȒȈȎȌȖȑ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȏȈȟȈȓ ȗȖ șȚȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǺȍȗȍȘȤ Ȋ ȔȖȍȑ șȍȔȤȍ ȗȧȚȤ Țȣșȧȟ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ. ǷȖȉțȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ ȋțȕȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, ȧ ȗȈȓ, ȌțȔȈȧ, ȟȚȖ ȖȉȘȍȚț șȟȈșȚȤȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǵȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȕȍȚ ȒȖȕȞȈ ȕȐ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȕȐ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 53 ȥȊȈȔ ȊȈșȈȕ ȋȘȐȝȍ ȒȈȓȈȔ ȊȐȘȈȒȚȖ ȕȑȈșȈȔ ȈșȚȝȐȚȈȝ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȌȎȈȋȈȔȈȕțȑȈȑțș ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȚȕȑȈȝ ȗȈȚȐ-ȌȍȊȈȚȈȝ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȊȈșȈȕ — ȎȐȊțȡȐȑ; ȋȘȐȝȍ — ȌȖȔȈ; ȒȈȓȈȔ — șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ; ȊȐȘȈȒȚȈȝ — ȘȈȏȊȐȊȠȐȑ ȖȚȘȍȠȍȕȕȖșȚȤ; ȕȑȈșȈȔ — Ȓ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȦ ȖȚ ȔȐȘȈ; ȈșȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȍș; ȌȎȈȋȈȔȈ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ; ȈȕțȑȈȑțȝ — ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ; ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȚȕȑȈȝ — ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕȣ; ȗȈȚȐ- ȌȍȊȈȚȈȝ — Țȍ, ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȉȢȍȒȚȖȔ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȕȐȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓ Ȑȝ ȔțȎ. DzȈȒȖȍ-ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȍȡȍ ȗȘȖȎȐȓ șȍȔȍȑȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ, ȕȖ ȗȖȚȖȔ ȖȚȘȍȒșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȔȐȘșȒȖȋȖ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȧ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝț Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș. ǭȋȖ ȊȍȘȕȣȍ Ȏȍȕȣ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȏȈ ȕȐȔ, ȐȉȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȕȍȋȖ, ț ȕȐȝ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȐȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 54 121


122 ȚȈȚȘȈ ȚȈȗȚȊȈ ȚȈȗȈș ȚȐȒȠȕȈȔ ȈȚȔȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȊȈȕ șȈȝȈȐȊȈȋȕȐȉȝȐȘ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȑțȑȖȌȎȈ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈȕȐ ȚȈȚȘȈ — ȚȈȔ (Ȋ ȓȍșț); ȚȈȗȚȊȈ — șȖȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȈșȒȍȚȐȟȍșȒȐȑ ȗȖȌȊȐȋ; ȚȈȗȈȝ — ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ Ȋ șȚȘȖȋȖȔ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔȐ; ȚȐȒȠȕȈȔ — ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ șțȘȖȊȖȍ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ — șȗȖșȖȉșȚȊțȦȡȍȍ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ; ȈȚȔȈȊȈȕ — ȗȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȑ șȈȔȖȋȖ șȍȉȧ; șȈȝȈ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ; ȥȊȈ — ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ; ȈȋȕȐȉȝȐȝ — ș ȗȓȈȔȍȕȍȔ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — șȍȉȧ șȈȔȖȋȖ; ȑțȑȖȌȎȈ — șȊȧȏȈȓ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȐ — ȊȖ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ, ȏȕȈȊȠȐȑ ȐșȚȐȕȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț șȊȖȍȑ ȌțȠȐ, ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș, Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ țȗȘȈȎȕȧȚȤșȧ Ȋ șțȘȖȊȖȑ ȈșȒȍȏȍ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȎȐȏȕȐ, șȋȖȘȍȊ Ȋ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȔ Ȗȋȕȍ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȓ șȍȉȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȔȍȘȚȐ ȖȋȖȕȤ șȎȐȋȈȍȚ ȋȘțȉȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ, Ȑ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȍ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ, ȍȋȖ ȚȖȕȒȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȚȖȎȍ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȐșȚȈȧ ȌțȠȈ. ǷȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȔț șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ ȌȍȝȈȔ ȗțȕȈȘ ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȕȈȐȚȐ) . ǹȉȘȖșȐȊ ȉȘȍȔȧ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ, ȟȐșȚȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǭȔț. ǺȑȈȒȚȊȈ ȌȍȝȈȔ ȗțȕȈȘ ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȕȈȐȚȐ ȔȈȔ ȥȚȐ: Ȗȕ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ, șțȌȧ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț, ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 55 ȚȈȝ șȊȈ-ȗȈȚȑțȘ ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ȕȐȘȐȒȠȑȈȌȝȑȈȚȔȐȒȐȔ ȋȈȚȐȔ ȈȕȊȐȑțș ȚȈȚ-ȗȘȈȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ ȈȋȕȐȔ ȠȈȕȚȈȔ ȐȊȈȘȟȐȠȈȝ ȚȈȝ — Țȍ (Ȋșȍ Ȏȍȕȣ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ); șȊȈ-ȗȈȚȑțȝ — șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ; ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȕȐȘȐȒȠȑȈ — țȏȘȍȊ; ȈȌȝȑȈȚȔȐȒȐȔ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ; ȋȈȚȐȔ — ȗȘȖȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ; ȈȕȊȐȑțȝ — ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ; ȚȈȚ-ȗȘȈȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ — ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȔțȎȈ; ȈȋȕȐȔ — Ȋ ȖȋȖȕȤ; ȠȈȕȚȈȔ — ȗȖȚțȠȍȕȕȣȑ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȈȘȟȐȠȈȝ — ȧȏȣȒȐ ȗȓȈȔȍȕȐ. Ƕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, Ȏȍȕȣ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ, ȕȈȉȓȦȌȈȧ, ȒȈȒ Ȑȝ ȔțȎ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȖȑ, șȐȓȖȑ ȍȋȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȊȖȠȓȐ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȚȖȔț ȒȈȒ ȧȏȣȒȐ ȗȓȈȔȍȕȐ ȐșȟȍȏȈȦȚ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȋȈșȕȍȚ ȖȋȖȕȤ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (9.32) șȒȈȏȈȕȖ: șȚȘȐȑȖ ȊȈȐȠȑȈș ȚȈȚȝȈ ȠțȌȘȈș Țȍ 'ȗȐ ȑȈȕȚȐ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȋȈȚȐȔ . ǮȍȕȡȐȕȣ ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȐȓȤȕȣ Ȋ șȖȉȓȦȌȍȕȐȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ, ȍșȓȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȍ ȗȖșȟȈșȚȓȐȊȐȚșȧ ȊȣȑȚȐ ȏȈȔțȎ ȏȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȑ ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ȍȔț, ȖȕȈ ȌȖșȚȐȋȕȍȚ ȚȖȋȖ Ȏȍ țȘȖȊȕȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȍȍ ȔțȎ. ǯȌȍșȤ ȧșȕȖ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȏȍȕȣ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ ȌȖșȚȐȋȓȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȊȖȍȔț ȔțȎț. ǶȕȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȏȈ ȕȐȔ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȚȖȎȍ ȗȖȗȈȓȐ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȑ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȐ ȋȖȚȖȊȣ Ȓ ȥȚȖȔț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȎȍȕȡȐȕȍ 122


123 șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊȍȘȕȖ șȓțȎȐȚȤ șȊȖȍȔț ȔțȎț Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ, ȍșȓȐ ȍȍ ȔțȎ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȖȕȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȊȖȑȚȐ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȠȍșȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǬȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǷȈȌȍȕȐȍ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ ǴțȕȐ».

Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɫɟɞɶɦɚɹ. ɉɨɬɨɦɤɢ ɰɚɪɹ Ɇɚɧɞɯɚɬɵ Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ ȞȈȘȧ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ Ȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ șȊȧȏȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ ǷțȘțȒțȚșȣ Ȑ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȣ. ǹȈȔȣȔ ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȣȔ șȣȕȖȔ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ ȉȣȓ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ. ǻ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ, Ȉ ț ȕȍȋȖ — șȣȕ ǽȈȘȐȚȈ. ȅȚȐ ȚȘȐ ȞȈȘȧ ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣ Ȋ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ. ǷțȘțȒțȚșȈ, ȌȘțȋȖȑ șȣȕ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ, ȎȍȕȐȓșȧ ȕȈ șȍșȚȘȍ ȏȔȍȑ (șȈȘȗȈ-ȋȈȕȈ) ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǵȈȘȔȈȌȈ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǷțȘțȒțȚșȣ ȉȣȓ ǺȘȈșȈȌȌȈșȤȦ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ — ǨȕȈȘȈȕȤȧ. ǨȕȈȘȈȕȤȧ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȓ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ șȣȕȈ ǵȈȘȤȧȠȊț, ǵȈȘȤȧȠȊȈ — ǷȘȈȘțȕț, ǷȘȈȘțȕȈ — ǺȘȐȉȈȕȌȝȈȕț, Ȉ ǺȘȐȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈ — ǹȈȚȤȧȊȘȈȚț, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȏȊȈȓȐ ǺȘȐȠȈȕȒț. DzȖȋȌȈ ǺȘȐȠȈȕȒț ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ȌȖȟȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȍȍ ȖȚȍȞ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓ ȞȈȘȧ ȏȈ ȥȚȖȚ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ, Ȑ Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ ȟȈȕȌȈȓȖȔ — ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ Ȑȏ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ ȕȐȎȍ ȠțȌȘ . ǷȖȏȎȍ ȗȘȐ ȗȖȔȖȡȐ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȣ Ȗȕ ȊȖȏȕȍșșȧ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, ȕȖ ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ șȕȖȊȈ ȗȈȓ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ. ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ, ȗȘȐȔȍȕȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȐȓ ȗȈȌȍȕȐȍ ǺȘȐȠȈȕȒț. ǻ ǺȘȐȠȈȕȒț ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ ȘȈȌȎȈșțȧ-ȧȋȤȦ, ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ ȝȐȚȘȖșȚȤȦ ȏȈȉȘȈȓ Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȌȈȒȠȐȕȣ Ȑ șȚȈȓ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘț. ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȍȎȌț ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȖȑ Ȑ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȖȑ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȓȈ șșȖȘȈ. ǻ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, ȕȖ ȗȖ șȖȊȍȚț ǵȈȘȈȌȣ Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǪȈȘțȕȍ, Ȑ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ǸȖȝȐȚȈ. ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖȉȍȡȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǪȈȘțȕȈ-ȧȋȤȐ Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȚ ǸȖȝȐȚț Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț. ǪȈȘțȕȈ ȕȍ ȘȈȏ ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȓ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȍ Ȗ ȍȋȖ ȖȉȍȡȈȕȐȐ, ȕȖ ȞȈȘȤ Ȑȏ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ șȣȕț ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȓ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȌȖȊȖȌȖȊ, șȚȈȘȈȧșȤ țȑȚȐ ȖȚ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȧ șȊȖȍȋȖ șȓȖȊȈ. ǪȘȍȔȧ ȠȓȖ, Ȑ șȣȕ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȊȣȘȖș. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ, Ȗȕ Ȋȏȧȓ ȓțȒ Ȑ șȚȘȍȓȣ Ȑ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș. ǺȍȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ ȖșȚȈȊȠȐȑșȧ ȌȖȔȈ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȕȣȑ ǪȈȘțȕȖȑ, ȏȈȉȖȓȍȓ ȊȖȌȧȕȒȖȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǸȖȝȐȚȈ țȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȖȚȍȞ ȉȖȓȍȕ, Ȗȕ ȘȍȠȐȓ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȋ șȚȖȓȐȞț, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȞȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȐȓ ȍȋȖ. ǷȖ șȖȊȍȚț ǰȕȌȘȣ ǸȖȝȐȚȈ ȗȘȖȎȐȓ Ȋ ȓȍșț ȠȍșȚȤ ȓȍȚ Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȚȖȔ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ. ǸȖȝȐȚȈ ȒțȗȐȓ ȀțȕȈȝȠȍȗȝț, ȊȚȖȘȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǨȌȎȐȋȈȘȚȣ, Ȑ ȖȚȌȈȓ ȍȋȖ șȊȖȍȔț ȖȚȞț ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȍ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȋȖ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȗȘȐȕȍșȧ ȥȚț ȎȍȘȚȊț, ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȓ ǪȈȘțȕț Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ Ȑ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȓșȧ ȖȚ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȓ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ ȎȘȍȞȈ- ȝȖȚȣ, ǬȎȈȔȈȌȈȋȕȐ Ȋȏȧȓ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ ȈȌȝȊȈȘȤȦ, ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȉȣȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȖȑ, Ȉ ǨȧșȤȧ — țȌȋȈȚȖȑ . ǾȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍȔ, ȗȖȌȈȘȐȓ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȍ ȏȖȓȖȚțȦ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞț, Ȉ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ ȘȈșȒȘȣȓ ȍȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǺȈȒ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȌȖșȚȐȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ 123


124 ȔȈȕȌȝȈȚțȝ ȗțȚȘȈ-ȗȘȈȊȈȘȖ ȑȖ 'ȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȝ ȗȘȈȒȐȘȚȐȚȈȝ ȗȐȚȈȔȈȝȍȕȈ ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȖ ȑȈțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈș Țț ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ ȝȈȘȐȚȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȗțȚȘȖ 'ȉȝțȕ ȔȈȕȌȝȈȚȘȐ-ȗȘȈȊȈȘȈ ȐȔȍ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȔȈȕȌȝȈȚțȝ — ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ; ȗțȚȘȈ-ȗȘȈȊȈȘȈȝ — ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȣȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ șȣȕ; ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȈȔȉȈȘȐȠȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ; ȗȘȈȒȐȘȚȐȚȈȝ — ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȣȑ; ȗȐȚȈȔȈȝȍȕȈ — ȌȍȌȖȔ (ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȖȑ); ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȕȧȚȣȑ; ȑȈțȊȈȕȈȠȊȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ; Țț — Ȏȍ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ (șȣȕ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ); ȝȈȘȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǽȈȘȐȚȈ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȉȣȓ; ȔȈȕȌȝȈȚȘȐ — Ȋ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ, ȐȌțȡȍȑ ȖȚ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ; ȗȘȈȊȈȘȈȝ — ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȣȌȈȦȡȐȍșȧ; ȐȔȍ — ȖȕȐ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǹȈȔȣȔ ȊȣȌȈȦȡȐȔșȧ șȣȕȖȔ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ. Ƕȕ șȚȈȓ ȗȘȐȍȔȕȣȔ șȣȕȖȔ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌȍȌȈ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȣ. ǹȣȕȈ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȐ ȚȖȎȍ ȏȊȈȓȐ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȖȑ, Ȉ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ǽȈȘȐȚȈ. ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȈ, ǽȈȘȐȚȈ Ȑ ȆȊȈȕȈȠȊȈ — șȈȔȣȍ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣȍ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȐ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȕȈȘȔȈȌȈ ȉȝȘȈȚȘȐȉȝȐȘ ȌȈȚȚȈ ȗțȘțȒțȚșȈȑȈ ȑȖȘȈȋȈȐȝ ȚȈȑȈ ȘȈșȈȚȈȓȈȔ ȕȐȚȖ ȉȝțȌȎȈȋȍȕȌȘȈ-ȗȘȈȑțȒȚȈȑȈ ȕȈȘȔȈȌȈ — ǵȈȘȔȈȌȈ; ȉȝȘȈȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ — ȉȘȈȚȤȧȔȐ; ȌȈȚȚȈ — ȖȚȌȈȕȈ; ȗțȘțȒțȚșȈȑȈ — ǷțȘțȒțȚșȍ; ȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ; țȘȈȋȈȐȝ — ȏȔȍȧȔȐ (șȈȘȗȈ- ȋȈȕȈȔȐ); ȚȈȑȈ — ȍȦ; ȘȈșȈȚȈȓȈȔ — Ȋ ȕȐȏȠțȦ ȖȉȓȈșȚȤ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; ȕȐȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȕ; ȉȝțȌȎȈȋȈ-ȐȕȌȘȈȗȘȈȑțȒȚȈȑȈ — ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȑ (Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ) ǪȈșțȒȐ, ȞȈȘȍȔ ȏȔȍȍȊ. ǩȘȈȚȤȧ-ȏȔȍȐ ȖȚȌȈȓȐ șȊȖȦ șȍșȚȘț ǵȈȘȔȈȌț Ȋ Ȏȍȕȣ ǷțȘțȒțȚșȍ. ǷȖșȓȈȕȕȈȧ ǪȈșțȒȐ, ȖȕȈ ȏȈȉȘȈȓȈ ǷțȘțȒțȚșț Ȋ ȕȐȏȠȐȍ șȜȍȘȣ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȍȎȌȍ ȟȍȔ ȕȈȟȈȚȤ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ ǷțȘțȒțȚșȣ, șȣȕȈ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ, ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ǷțȘțȒțȚșȈ ȎȍȕȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ǵȈȘȔȈȌȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȏȈȉȘȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȕȐȏȠțȦ șȜȍȘț ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȈȕ ȈȊȈȌȝȐȚ ȚȈȚȘȈ ȊȈȌȝȑȈȕ ȊȈȐ ȊȐȠȕț-ȠȈȒȚȐ-ȌȝȘȐȒ ȕȈȋȈȓ ȓȈȉȌȝȈ-ȊȈȘȈȝ șȈȘȗȈȌ ȈȉȝȈȑȈȔ șȔȈȘȈȚȈȔ ȐȌȈȔ ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȈȕ — ȎȐȚȍȓȍȑ ǫȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȈȓȖȒȐ; ȈȊȈȌȝȐȚ — țȉȐȓ; ȚȈȚȘȈ — ȚȈȔ (Ȋ ȕȐȏȠȍȑ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ); ȊȈȌȝȑȈȕ — ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȦȡȐȝ ȉȣȚȤ țȉȐȚȣȔȐ; ȊȈȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȊȐȠȕț-ȠȈȒȚȐ-ȌȝȘȐȒ — țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǪȐȠȕț; ȕȈȋȈȚ — ȖȚ ȕȈȋȖȊ; 124


125 ȓȈȉȌȝȈ-ȊȈȘȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȍȔ ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȖ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ; șȈȘȗȈȚ — ȖȚ ȏȔȍȍȊ; ȈȉȝȈȑȈȔ — ȉȍȏȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȤ; șȔȈȘȈȚȈȔ — ȗȖȔȕȧȡȐȝ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȖ. ǺȈȔ, ȕȈ ǸȈșȈȚȈȓȍ, ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȖȑ Ȋ ȕȐȏȠȍȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǪȐȠȕț țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȐȓ ǷțȘțȒțȚșț țȉȐȚȤ ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȖȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȓȐ. ǷțȘțȒțȚșȈ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȖȚ ȏȔȍȑ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ, șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȓȦȉȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȊșȗȖȔȐȕȈȦȡȐȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȦ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ǵȈȘȔȈȌȈ ȏȈȉȘȈȓȈ ǷțȘțȒțȚșț Ȋ ȕȐȏȠțȦ ȖȉȓȈșȚȤ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȋȕȍȚșȧ ȕȈȗȈȌȍȕȐȦ ȏȔȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȚȘȈșȈȌȌȈșȑțȝ ȗȈțȘțȒțȚșȖ ȑȖ 'ȕȈȘȈȕȑȈșȑȈ ȌȍȝȈ-ȒȘȐȚ ȝȈȘȑȈȠȊȈș ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈș ȚȈșȔȈȚ ȗȘȈȘțȕȖ 'ȚȝȈ ȚȘȐȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈȝ ȚȘȈșȈȌȌȈșȑțȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǺȘȈșȈȌȌȈșȤȦ; ȗȈțȘțȒțȚșȈȝ — șȣȕ ǷțȘțȒțȚșȣ; ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȈȕȈȘȈȕȑȈșȑȈ — ǨȕȈȘȈȕȤȐ; ȌȍȝȈ-ȒȘȐȚ — ȖȚȍȞ; ȝȈȘȑȈȠȊȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǽȈȘȤȧȠȊȈ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ (șȣȕ ǨȕȈȘȈȕȤȐ); ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ȖȚ ǽȈȘȤȧȠȊȣ); ȗȘȈȘțȕȈȝ — ǷȘȈȘțȕȈ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȏȈȚȍȔ (ȖȚ ǷȘȈȘțȕȣ); ȚȘȐȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈȝ — ǺȘȐȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈ (ȍȋȖ șȣȕ). ǹȣȕȖȔ ǷțȘțȒțȚșȣ ȉȣȓ ǺȘȈșȈȌȌȈșȤȦ, Ȉ Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ ȖȚȞȖȔ ǨȕȈȘȈȕȤȐ. ǻ ǨȕȈȘȈȕȤȐ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ǽȈȘȤȧȠȊȈ, Ȉ ț ǽȈȘȤȧȠȊȣ — ǷȘȈȘțȕȈ. ǷȘȈȘțȕȈ șȚȈȓ ȖȚȞȖȔ ǺȘȐȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 5 - 6 ȚȈșȑȈ șȈȚȑȈȊȘȈȚȈȝ ȗțȚȘȈș ȚȘȐȠȈȕȒțȘ ȐȚȐ ȊȐȠȘțȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȗȚȈȠ ȟȈȕȌȈȓȈȚȈȔ ȠȈȗȈȌ ȋțȘȖȝ ȒȈțȠȐȒȈ-ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ șȈȠȈȘȐȘȖ ȋȈȚȈȝ șȊȈȘȋȈȔ ȈȌȑȈȗȐ ȌȐȊȐ ȌȘȐȠȑȈȚȍ ȗȈȚȐȚȖ 'ȊȈȒ-ȠȐȘȈ ȌȍȊȈȐș ȚȍȕȈȐȊȈ șȚȈȔȉȝȐȚȖ ȉȈȓȈȚ ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǺȘȐȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȣ); șȈȚȑȈȊȘȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹȈȚȤȧȊȘȈȚȈ; ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȚȘȐȠȈȕȒțȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǺȘȐȠȈȕȒț; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȊȐȠȘțȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȗȘȈȗȚȈȝ — ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕ; ȟȈȕȌȈȓȈȚȈȔ — șȊȖȑșȚȊȖ ȟȈȕȌȈȓȈ (ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȕȐȎȍ ȠțȌȘȣ ); ȠȈȗȈȚ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȧ; ȋțȘȖȝ — ȖȚȞȈ; ȒȈțȠȐȒȈ-ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ — ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȤȦ DzȈțȠȐȒȐ (ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȣ); șȈȠȈȘȐȘȈȝ — șȖȝȘȈȕȐȊȠȐȑ ȚȍȓȖ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; șȊȈȘȋȈȔ — ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ; ȈȌȑȈ ȈȗȐ — ȌȈȎȍ șȍȋȖȌȕȧ; ȌȐȊȐ — Ȋ ȕȍȉȍ; ȌȘȐȠȑȈȚȍ — ȊȐȌȕȍȍȚșȧ; ȗȈȚȐȚȈȝ — țȗȈȊȠȐȑ; ȈȊȈȒ-ȠȐȘȈȝ — ȊȐșȧȡȐȑ ȊȕȐȏ ȋȖȓȖȊȖȑ; ȌȍȊȈȐȝ — ȔȖȡȤȦ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; ȚȍȕȈ — ȐȔ (ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȖȑ); ȥȊȈ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; șȚȈȔȉȝȐȚȈȝ — ȏȈȒȘȍȗȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȉȈȓȈȚ — ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȧȡȍȑ șȐȓȍ. ǹȣȕȈ ǺȘȐȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȣ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǹȈȚȤȧȊȘȈȚȖȑ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȓșȧ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȖȌ ȐȔȍȕȍȔ ǺȘȐȠȈȕȒț. ǯȈ ȚȖ ȟȚȖ ǺȘȐȠȈȕȒț ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ȌȖȟȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȍȍ șȊȈȌȤȉȣ, ȍȍ ȖȚȍȞ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓ ȍȋȖ, Ȑ Ȗȕ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȟȈȕȌȈȓȈ — ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ ȒȈșȚȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ 125


126 ȕȐȎȍ, ȟȍȔ ȒȈșȚȈ ȠțȌȘ. ǷȖȏȎȍ ȗȘȐ ȗȖȔȖȡȐ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȣ Ȗȕ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ Țȍȓȍ ȊȖȏȕȍșșȧ Ȋ ȘȈȑșȒȖȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ, ȕȈ ȊȣșȠȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, ȕȖ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ șȉȘȖșȐȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ, ȗȘȐȔȍȕȐȊ șȊȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȐȓ ȗȈȌȍȕȐȍ ǺȘȐȠȈȕȒț, Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ șȍȑȟȈș ȔȖȎȕȖ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ, ȒȈȒ Ȗȕ ȊȐșȐȚ Ȋ ȕȍȉȍ ȊȕȐȏ ȋȖȓȖȊȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȚȘȈȐȠȈȕȒȈȊȖ ȝȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȖ ȊȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ-ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈȑȖȝ ȑȈȕ-ȕȐȔȐȚȚȈȔ ȈȉȝțȌ ȑțȌȌȝȈȔ ȗȈȒȠȐȕȖȘ ȉȈȝț-ȊȈȘȠȐȒȈȔ ȚȘȈȐȠȈȕȒȈȊȈȝ — șȣȕ ǺȘȐȠȈȕȒț; ȝȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ; ȊȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ-ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈȑȖȝ — ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȣ Ȑ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȐ; ȑȈȚ-ȕȐȔȐȚȚȈȔ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȣ); ȈȉȝțȚ — ȉȣȓȈ; ȑțȌȌȝȈȔ — ȉȐȚȊȈ; ȗȈȒȠȐȕȖȝ — ȖȉȘȈȚȐȊȠȐȝșȧ Ȋ ȗȚȐȞ; ȉȈȝț- ȊȈȘȠȐȒȈȔ — Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȓȍȚ. ǻ ǺȘȐȠȈȕȒț ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ. ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȕȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȓȈ șșȖȘȈ ȔȍȎȌț ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȖȑ Ȑ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ, ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȗȚȐȞ, ȌȖȓȋȐȍ ȋȖȌȣ șȘȈȎȈȓȐșȤ ȌȘțȋ ș ȌȘțȋȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ Ȑ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȊȘȈȎȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȔȍȎȌț șȖȉȖȑ. ǸȈȕȤȠȍ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ ȉȣȓ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȔ . ǮȍȓȈȧ șȚȈȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, Ȗȕ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ șțȘȖȊțȦ ȈșȒȍȏț, ȕȖ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ Ȋșȍ ȘȈȊȕȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ . ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȍȎȌț ȕȐȔȐ ȠȓȈ ȌȖȓȋȈȧ ȊȘȈȎȌȈ. ǷȖȏȎȍ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ Ȋșȍ-ȚȈȒȐ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȓ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘț ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ ȏȈ ȍȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȌțȠȐȍ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ ȧȋȤȦ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ ȉȣȓ ȎȘȍȞȖȔ. ǸȈșșȍȘȌȐȊȠȐșȤ ȕȈ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘț, ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ ȏȈȉȘȈȓ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȌȈȒȠȐȕȣ (ȊȖȏȕȈȋȘȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ) Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ ȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȍ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȕȘȈȊȐȓȖșȤ, Ȑ ȔȍȎȌț ȕȐȔ Ȑ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȖȑ ȘȈȏȋȖȘȍȓȈșȤ șșȖȘȈ. ǶȉȈ ȚȈȒ ȖȎȍșȚȖȟȐȓȐșȤ, ȟȚȖ șȚȈȓȐ ȗȘȖȒȓȐȕȈȚȤ ȌȘțȋ ȌȘțȋȈ. ǶȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȊȖșȒȓȐȒȕțȓ: «ǶȉȍȘȕȐșȤ Ȏȍ ȗȚȐȞȍȑ», Ȉ ȌȘțȋȖȑ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ: «ǩȣȚȤ Țȍȉȍ țȚȒȖȑ». ǺȈȒ ȖȕȐ ȖȉȈ șȚȈȓȐ ȗȚȐȞȈȔȐ Ȑ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȓȍȚ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓȐ șȘȈȎȈȚȤșȧ. ǴȖȎȕȖ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȑȖȋ -ȔȐșȚȐȒ, ȒȈȒ ǹȈțȉȝȈȘȐ, ȗȈȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȑ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȑ, Ȉ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ Ȑ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, șȚȈȓȐ ȗȚȐȞȈȔȐ. ǺȈȒȖȊ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ. Ǩ-ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȊȈȕȈȓ ȓȖȒȈȝ ȗțȕȈȘ ȈȊȈȘȚȐȕȖ 'ȘȌȎțȕȈ (ǩ.-ȋ., 8 - 16). Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȌȈȎȍ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, Ȋșȍ ȘȈȊȕȖ ȊȣȕțȎȌȍȕ șȚȘȈȌȈȚȤ ȖȚ ȔțȒ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ, șȔȍȘȚȐ, șȚȈȘȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȍȑ (ȌȎȈȕȔȈ-ȔȘȐȚȑț- ȌȎȈȘȈ-ȊȑȈȌȝȐ) . ǷȖȥȚȖȔț DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ ȗȖȓȖȕ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ (ȌțȝȒȝȈȓȈȑȈȔ ȈȠȈȠȊȈȚȈȔ) . «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȍȘȍȋȈȍȚ: ȗȈȌȈȔ ȗȈȌȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȊȐȗȈȌȈȔ — ȕȈ ȒȈȎȌȖȔ ȠȈȋț ȕȈș ȖȎȐȌȈȦȚ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȐ. ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȕȍșȍȚ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȊșȍȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊț, ȐȉȖ ȌȈȘțȍȚ ȓȦȌȧȔ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊțȦ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȕȍșȓȖȎȕȖȋȖ ȔȍȚȖȌȈ — ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 șȖ 'ȕȈȗȈȚȑȖ ȊȐȠȈȕȕȈȚȔȈ ȕȈȘȈȌȈșȑȖȗȈȌȍȠȈȚȈȝ 126


127 ȊȈȘțȕȈȔ ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȚȈȝ ȗțȚȘȖ Ȕȍ ȌȎȈȑȈȚȈȔ ȗȘȈȉȝȖ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȈȕȈȗȈȚȑȈȝ — ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȐȑ șȣȕȈ; ȊȐȠȈȕȕȈ-ȈȚȔȈ — țȋȘȦȔȣȑ (Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ); ȕȈȘȈȌȈșȑȈ — ǵȈȘȈȌȣ; țȗȈȌȍȠȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖ șȖȊȍȚț; ȊȈȘțȕȈȔ — Ȓ ǪȈȘțȕȍ; ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ; Ȕȍ — ț Ȕȍȕȧ; ȌȎȈȑȈȚȈȔ — ȗțșȚȤ ȘȖȌȐȚșȧ; ȗȘȈȉȝȖ — Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǻ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ șȣȕȈ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖȋȖȘȟȈȓȖ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ, ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȊ șȖȊȍȚț ǵȈȘȈȌȣ, Ȗȕ ȊȏȔȖȓȐȓșȧ ǪȈȘțȕȍ Ȑ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ: «Ƕ ȔȖȑ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ, ț Ȕȍȕȧ ȕȍȚ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. ǩțȌȤ ȚȈȒ ȌȖȉȘ, ȗȖȌȈȘȐ Ȕȕȍ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȑȈȌȐ ȊȐȘȖ ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ȚȍȕȈȐȊȈ ȚȊȈȔ ȑȈȌȎȍ ȐȚȐ ȚȈȚȝȍȚȐ ȊȈȘțȕȍȕȈșȑȈ ȗțȚȘȖ ȌȎȈȚȈș Țț ȘȖȝȐȚȈȝ ȑȈȌȐ — ȍșȓȐ; ȊȐȘȈȝ — șȣȕ (ȘȖȌȐȚșȧ); ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ — Ȗ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȚȍȕȈ ȥȊȈ — ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȚȊȈȔ — Țȍȉȍ; ȑȈȌȎȍ — ȗȖȎȍȘȚȊțȦ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȚȈȚȝȈ — ȗțșȚȤ ȚȈȒ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȊȈȘțȕȍȕȈ — ǪȈȘțȕȖȑ; ȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȣ); ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȌȎȈȚȈȝ — ȘȖȎȌȍȕ; Țț — ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ; ȘȖȝȐȚȈȝ — ǸȖȝȐȚȈ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ țȔȖȓȧȓ ǪȈȘțȕț: «ǫȖșȗȖȌȐȕ ȔȖȑ, ȍșȓȐ ț Ȕȍȕȧ ȘȖȌȐȚșȧ șȣȕ, ȧ ȗȘȐȕȍșț ȍȋȖ Țȍȉȍ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț». DzȖȋȌȈ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍș ȥȚȐ șȓȖȊȈ, ǪȈȘțȕȈ ȔȖȓȊȐȓ: «ǬȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȚȈȒ». ǺȈȒ ȗȖ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȦ ǪȈȘțȕȣ ț ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ ǸȖȝȐȚȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȌȎȈȚȈȝ șțȚȖ ȝȑ ȈȕȍȕȈȕȋȈ ȔȈȔ ȑȈȌȎȈșȊȍȚȐ șȖ 'ȉȘȈȊȐȚ ȑȈȌȈ ȗȈȠțȘ ȕȐȘȌȈȠȈȝ șȑȈȌ ȈȚȝȈ ȔȍȌȝȑȖ ȉȝȈȊȍȌ ȐȚȐ ȌȎȈȚȈȝ — ȘȖȎȌȍȕ; șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȝȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȈȕȍȕȈ — ȐȔ (șȣȕȖȔ); ȈȕȋȈ — Ȗ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ; ȔȈȔ — Ȕȕȍ; ȑȈȌȎȈșȊȈ — ȗȘȐȕȍșȐ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ; ȈȉȘȈȊȐȚ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȑȈȌȈ — ȒȖȋȌȈ; ȗȈȠțȝ — ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ; ȕȐȘȌȈȠȈȝ — ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȍȍ ȌȍșȧȚȐ Ȍȕȍȑ ȖȚȘȖȌț; șȑȈȚ — șȚȈȕȍȚ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȔȍȌȝȑȈȝ — ȗȖȌȝȖȌȧȡȍȍ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț; ȉȝȈȊȍȚ — ȉțȌȍȚ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ (șȒȈȏȈȓ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ). DzȖȋȌȈ ȘȍȉȍȕȖȒ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ, ǪȈȘțȕȈ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȓ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǺȍȗȍȘȤ ț Țȍȉȧ ȍșȚȤ șȣȕ, Țȣ ȔȖȎȍȠȤ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ Ȕȕȍ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț». ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ: «ǮȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȗȘȐȋȖȌȕȣȔ Ȍȓȧ ȧȋȤȐ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȌȍșȧȚȤ Ȍȕȍȑ ȗȖșȓȍ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 127


128 ȕȐȘȌȈȠȍ ȟȈ șȈ ȈȋȈȚȑȈ ȑȈȌȎȈșȊȍȚȑ ȈȝȈ șȖ 'ȉȘȈȊȐȚ ȌȈȕȚȈȝ ȗȈȠȖȘ ȑȈȌȎ ȌȎȈȑȍȘȈȕȕ ȈȚȝȈ ȔȍȌȝȑȖ ȉȝȈȊȍȌ ȐȚȐ ȕȐȘȌȈȠȍ — ȗȖ ȗȘȖȠȍșȚȊȐȐ ȌȍșȧȚȐ Ȍȕȍȑ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǪȈȘțȕȈ); ȈȋȈȚȑȈ — ȗȘȐȌȧ; ȑȈȌȎȈșȊȈ — ȗȘȐȕȍșȐ Ȏȍ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȈȉȘȈȊȐȚ — ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ; ȌȈȕȚȈȝ — ȏțȉȣ; ȗȈȠȖȝ — ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȋȖ; ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȋȌȈ; ȌȎȈȑȍȘȈȕ — ȗȖȧȊȧȚșȧ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȔȍȌȝȑȈȝ — ȗȘȐȋȖȌȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȉȝȈȊȍȚ — ȉțȌȍȚ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ. ȟȍȘȍȏ ȌȍșȧȚȤ Ȍȕȍȑ ǪȈȘțȕȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ șȕȖȊȈ Ȑ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȓ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȍ: «ǷȘȐȕȍșȐ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȖȉȍȡȈȕȕțȦ ȎȍȘȚȊț». ǵȖ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǮȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȟȐșȚȣȔ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȊȣȘȈșȚȈȦȚ ȏțȉȣ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȌȈȕȚȈ ȌȎȈȚȈ ȑȈȌȎȈșȊȍȚȐ șȈ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȝȈȚȝȈ șȖ 'ȉȘȈȊȐȚ ȑȈȌȈ ȗȈȚȈȕȚȑ ȈșȑȈ ȌȈȕȚȈ ȈȚȝȈ ȔȍȌȝȑȖ ȉȝȈȊȍȌ ȐȚȐ ȌȈȕȚȈȝ — ȏțȉȣ; ȌȎȈȚȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȖȧȊȐȓȐșȤ; ȑȈȌȎȈșȊȈ — ȗȘȐȕȍșȐ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǪȈȘțȕȈ); ȗȘȈȚȑȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȈȉȘȈȊȐȚ — ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ; ȑȈȌȈ — ȒȖȋȌȈ; ȗȈȚȈȕȚȐ — ȊȣȗȈȌȈȦȚ; ȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; ȌȈȕȚȈȝ — ȏțȉȣ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȔȍȌȝȑȈȝ — ȗȘȐȋȖȌȍȕ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț; ȉȝȈȊȍȚ — șȚȈȕȍȚ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȏțȉȣ ț ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ ȊȣȘȖșȓȐ, ǪȈȘțȕȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȍ: «ǺȍȗȍȘȤ ț ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȋȖ ȍșȚȤ ȏțȉȣ, Ȑ Țȣ ȔȖȎȍȠȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ». ǵȈ ȥȚȖ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ: «ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȏțȉȣ ȊȣȗȈȌțȚ, ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ șȚȈȕȍȚ ȗȘȐȋȖȌȕȣȔ Ȍȓȧ ȧȋȤȐ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȗȈȠȖȘ ȕȐȗȈȚȐȚȈ ȌȈȕȚȈ ȑȈȌȎȈșȊȍȚȑ ȈȝȈ șȖ 'ȉȘȈȊȐȚ ȑȈȌȈ ȗȈȠȖȝ ȗțȕȈȘ ȌȈȕȚȈ ȌȎȈȑȈȕȚȍ 'ȚȝȈ ȗȈȠțȝ ȠțȟȐȝ ȗȈȠȖȝ — ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȋȖ; ȕȐȗȈȚȐȚȈȝ — ȊȣȗȈȊȠȐȍ; ȌȈȕȚȈȝ — ȏțȉȣ; ȑȈȌȎȈșȊȈ — ȗȘȐȕȍșȐ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ ǪȈȘțȕȈ; șȈȝ — ȚȖȚ (ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȈȉȘȈȊȐȚ — ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ; ȑȈȌȈ — ȒȖȋȌȈ; ȗȈȠȖȝ — ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȋȖ; ȗțȕȈȝ — șȕȖȊȈ; ȌȈȕȚȈȝ — ȏțȉȣ; ȌȎȈȑȈȕȚȍ — ȗȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȗȈȠțȝ — ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ; ȠțȟȐȝ — ȟȐșȚȖ (ȗȘȐȋȖȌȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ). DzȖȋȌȈ ȏțȉȣ ȊȣȗȈȓȐ, ǪȈȘțȕȈ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǺȍȗȍȘȤ ț ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȋȖ ȊȣȗȈȓȐ ȏțȉȣ. ǹȖȊȍȘȠȐ șȊȖȦ ȧȋȤȦ». Ǫ ȖȚȊȍȚ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȔȖȓȊȐȓ: «dzȐȠȤ ȒȖȋȌȈ ț ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȋȖ șȕȖȊȈ ȊȣȘȈșȚțȚ ȏțȉȣ, ȖȕȖ ȉțȌȍȚ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȟȐșȚȣȔ Ȍȓȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ». 128


129 ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȗțȕȈȘ ȌȎȈȚȈ ȑȈȌȎȈșȊȍȚȐ șȈ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȝȈȚȝȈ șȖ 'ȉȘȈȊȐȚ șȈȕȕȈȝȐȒȖ ȑȈȌȈ ȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȘȈȌȎȈȕȑȖ 'ȚȝȈ ȗȈȠțȝ ȠțȟȐȝ ȗțȕȈȝ — șȕȖȊȈ; ȌȎȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖȧȊȐȊȠȐȍșȧ (ȏțȉȣ); ȑȈȌȎȈșȊȈ — ȗȘȐȕȍșȐ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǪȈȘțȕȈ); ȗȘȈȚȑȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȈȉȘȈȊȐȚ — ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ; șȈȕȕȈȝȐȒȈȝ — șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȕȖșȐȚȤ ȡȐȚ; ȑȈȌȈ — ȒȖȋȌȈ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ (ǪȈȘțȕȈ); ȘȈȌȎȈȕȑȈȝ — ȒȠȈȚȘȐȑ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȗȈȠțȝ — ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ; ȠțȟȐȝ — ȟȐșȚȖȍ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȏțȉȣ ȊȣȘȖșȓȐ șȕȖȊȈ, ǪȈȘțȕȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȍ: «ǺȍȗȍȘȤ Țȣ ȔȖȎȍȠȤ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ șȊȖȦ ȎȍȘȚȊț». ǵȖ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖȗȧȚȤ ȊȖȏȘȈȏȐȓ: «Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚșȧ, ȒȖȋȌȈ șȚȈȕȍȚ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȔ Ȑ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ Ȋ ȉȖȦ ș ȊȘȈȋȖȔ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 ȐȚȐ ȗțȚȘȈȕțȘȈȋȍȕȈ șȕȍȝȈ-ȑȈȕȚȘȐȚȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈ ȒȈȓȈȔ ȊȈȕȟȈȑȈȚȈ ȚȈȔ ȚȈȔ țȒȚȖ ȌȍȊȈș ȚȈȔ ȈȐȒȠȈȚȈ ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȗțȚȘȈ-ȈȕțȘȈȋȍȕȈ — ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȓ șȣȕț; șȕȍȝȈ- ȑȈȕȚȘȐȚȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈ — ș țȔȖȔ, ȗȖȘȈȉȖȡȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȒȈȓȈȔ — ȊȘȍȔȧ; ȊȈȕȟȈȑȈȚȈ — ȖȉȔȈȕȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ; ȚȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȚȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; țȒȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȉȣȓȖ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ; ȌȍȊȈȝ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋ (ǪȈȘțȕȈ); ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ (ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘț); ȈȐȒȠȈȚȈ — ȎȌȈȓ (ȟȚȖȉȣ ȚȖȚ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓ ȖȉȍȡȈȕȕȖȍ). ǵȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȉȣȓ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ șȊȖȍȔț șȣȕț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȐȓ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈ ǪȈȘțȕț ȗȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȐȚȤ. Ǩ ǪȈȘțȕȈ Ȋșȍ ȎȌȈȓ Ȑ ȎȌȈȓ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȐȌȍȚ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȖȉȍȡȈȕȕȖȑ ȎȍȘȚȊȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 ȘȖȝȐȚȈș ȚȈȌ ȈȉȝȐȌȎȕȈȑȈ ȗȐȚțȝ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȟȐȒȐȘȠȐȚȈȔ ȗȘȈȕȈ-ȗȘȍȗșțȘ ȌȝȈȕțȠ-ȗȈȕȐȘ ȈȘȈȕȑȈȔ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȗȈȌȑȈȚȈ ȘȖȝȐȚȈȝ — ǸȖȝȐȚȈ (șȣȕ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȣ); ȚȈȚ — Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; ȈȉȝȐȌȎȕȈȑȈ — ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȖȕȧȊ; ȗȐȚțȝ — ȖȚȞȈ; ȒȈȘȔȈ — ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ; ȟȐȒȐȘȠȐȚȈȔ — ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ; ȗȘȈȕȈȗȘȍȗșțȝ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȍȋȖ șȗȈșȚȐ ȍȔț ȎȐȏȕȤ; ȌȝȈȕțȝ-ȗȈȕȐȝ — ȊȏȧȊȠȐȑ Ȋ ȘțȒȐ ȓțȒ (șȖ șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ); ȈȘȈȕȑȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȍș; ȗȘȈȚȑȈȗȈȌȑȈȚȈ — țȠȍȓ. ǸȖȝȐȚȈ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ ȖȚȍȞ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț. ǺȖȋȌȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȗȈșȚȐșȤ ȖȚ șȔȍȘȚȐ, Ȗȕ ȊȖȖȘțȎȐȓșȧ ȓțȒȖȔ Ȑ șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ Ȑ țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș. 129


130 ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ ȊȈȘțȕȈ-ȋȘȈșȚȈȔ ȠȘțȚȊȈ ȌȎȈȚȈ-ȔȈȝȖȌȈȘȈȔ ȘȖȝȐȚȖ ȋȘȈȔȈȔ ȥȑȈȑȈ ȚȈȔ ȐȕȌȘȈȝ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȠȍȌȝȈȚȈ ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ — Ȗȉ ȖȚȞȍ; ȊȈȘțȕȈ-ȋȘȈșȚȈȔ — Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȖȋȖ ǪȈȘțȕȈ ȗȖȘȈȏȐȓ (ȊȖȌȧȕȒȖȑ); ȠȘțȚȊȈ — țșȓȣȝȈȊ; ȌȎȈȚȈ — țȊȍȓȐȟȐȓșȧ; ȔȈȝȈ-țȌȈȘȈȔ — ȊȏȌțȓșȧ ȎȐȊȖȚ; ȘȖȝȐȚȈȝ — ǸȖȝȐȚȈ, ȍȋȖ șȣȕ; ȋȘȈȔȈȔ ȥȑȈȑȈ — ȗȖȠȍȓ ȕȈȏȈȌ Ȋ șȚȖȓȐȞț; ȚȈȔ — ȍȔț (ǸȖȝȐȚȍ); ȐȕȌȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ; ȗȘȈȚȑȈȠȍȌȝȈȚȈ — ȏȈȗȘȍȚȐȓ (ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ). DzȖȋȌȈ ǸȖȝȐȚȈ țșȓȣȠȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȖȚȍȞ ȏȈȉȖȓȍȓ ȊȖȌȧȕȒȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȕȈșȓȈȓ ȕȈ ȕȍȋȖ ǪȈȘțȕȈ, Ȑ ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȚ ȕȍȗȖȔȍȘȕȖ ȊȏȌțȓșȧ, Ȗȕ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȋ șȚȖȓȐȞț, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȞȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ ȏȈȗȘȍȚȐȓ ǸȖȝȐȚȍ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȉȝțȔȍȝ ȗȈȘȑȈȚȈȕȈȔ ȗțȕȑȈȔ ȚȐȘȚȝȈ-ȒȠȍȚȘȈ-ȕȐȠȍȊȈȕȈȐȝ ȘȖȝȐȚȈȑȈȌȐȠȈȟ ȟȝȈȒȘȈȝ șȖ 'ȗȑ ȈȘȈȕȑȍ 'ȊȈșȈȚ șȈȔȈȔ ȉȝțȔȍȝ — ȏȍȔȓȐ; ȗȈȘȑȈȚȈȕȈȔ — ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ; ȗțȕȑȈȔ — Ȋ șȊȧȚȣȍ ȔȍșȚȈ; ȚȐȘȚȝȈȒȠȍȚȘȈ — ȔȍșȚȈ ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ; ȕȐȠȍȊȈȕȈȐȝ — șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ șȊȧȚȣȔ ȔȍșȚȈȔ; ȘȖȝȐȚȈȑȈ — ǸȖȝȐȚȍ; ȈȌȐȠȈȚ — Ȋȍȓȍȓ; ȠȈȒȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǸȖȝȐȚȈ); ȈȗȐ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈȘȈȕȑȍ — Ȋ ȓȍșț; ȈȊȈșȈȚ — ȎȐȓ; șȈȔȈȔ — ȋȖȌ. ǾȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ ȗȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ǸȖȝȐȚȍ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ ȗȖ șȊȧȚȣȔ ȔȍșȚȈȔ, ȐȉȖ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ ȌȈȘțȍȚ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȍ. ǸȖȝȐȚȈ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȦ ǰȕȌȘȣ Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș ȕȈ ȖȌȐȕ ȋȖȌ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȥȊȈȔ ȌȊȐȚȐȑȍ ȚȘȐȚȐȑȍ ȟȈȚțȘȚȝȍ ȗȈȕȟȈȔȍ ȚȈȚȝȈ ȈȉȝȑȍȚȑȈȉȝȑȍȚȑȈ șȚȝȈȊȐȘȖ ȊȐȗȘȖ ȉȝțȚȊȈȝȈ ȊȘȐȚȘȈ-ȝȈ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȌȊȐȚȐȑȍ — ȕȈ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ (ȋȖȌ); ȚȘȐȚȐȑȍ — ȕȈ ȚȘȍȚȐȑ; ȟȈȚțȘȚȝȍ — ȕȈ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȣȑ; ȗȈȕȟȈȔȍ — ȕȈ ȗȧȚȣȑ; ȚȈȚȝȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈȉȝȑȍȚȑȈ — ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊ (ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ); ȈȉȝȑȍȚȑȈ — (șȕȖȊȈ) ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊ (ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ); șȚȝȈȊȐȘȈȝ — șȚȈȘȐȒ; ȊȐȗȘȈȝ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȉȝțȚȊȈ — șȚȈȊ; ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȊȘȐȚȘȈ-ȝȈ — ǰȕȌȘȈ. ǺȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȊȚȖȘȖȋȖ, ȚȘȍȚȤȍȋȖ, ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȖȋȖ Ȑ ȗȧȚȖȋȖ ȋȖȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǸȖȝȐȚȈ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȉȣȓȖ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȋȖȘȖȌ, ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍȉȍș ǰȕȌȘȈ ȗȖȧȊȓȧȓșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ șȚȈȘȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ Ȑ șȕȖȊȈ ȏȈȗȘȍȡȈȓ ȍȔț ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ, ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȧ Țȍ Ȏȍ șȓȖȊȈ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȘȈȕȤȠȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 130


131 ȠȈȠȚȝȈȔ șȈȔȊȈȚșȈȘȈȔ ȚȈȚȘȈ ȟȈȘȐȚȊȈ ȘȖȝȐȚȈȝ ȗțȘȐȔ țȗȈȊȘȈȌȎȈȕȕ ȈȌȎȐȋȈȘȚȈȌ ȈȒȘȐȕȈȕ ȔȈȌȝȑȈȔȈȔ șțȚȈȔ ȠțȕȈȝȠȍȗȝȈȔ ȗȈȠțȔ ȗȐȚȘȍ ȗȘȈȌȈȑȈ șȈȔȈȊȈȕȌȈȚȈ ȠȈȠȚȝȈȔ — ȕȈ ȠȍșȚȖȑ; șȈȔȊȈȚșȈȘȈȔ — ȋȖȌ; ȚȈȚȘȈ — ȚȈȔ; ȟȈȘȐȚȊȈ — ȉȓțȎȌȈȧ; ȘȖȝȐȚȈȝ — șȣȕ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȣ; ȗțȘȐȔ — Ȋ șȚȖȓȐȞț; țȗȈȊȘȈȌȎȈȕ — ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȡȐȑ; ȈȌȎȐȋȈȘȚȈȚ — ț ǨȌȎȐȋȈȘȚȣ; ȈȒȘȐȕȈȚ — ȒțȗȐȓ; ȔȈȌȝȑȈȔȈȔ — șȘȍȌȕȍȋȖ; șțȚȈȔ — șȣȕȈ; ȠțȕȈȝȠȍȗȝȈȔ — ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȤȍ ȐȔȧ ȀțȕȈȝȠȍȗȝȈ; ȗȈȠțȔ — (ȒȈȒ) ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ; ȗȐȚȘȍ — ȖȚȞț; ȗȘȈȌȈȑȈ — ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȊ; șȈȔȈȊȈȕȌȈȚȈ — ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȓșȧ. ǵȈ ȠȍșȚȖȑ ȋȖȌ șȒȐȚȈȕȐȑ ȗȖ ȓȍșț ǸȖȝȐȚȈ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ Ȋ șȚȖȓȐȞț șȊȖȍȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ. Ƕȕ ȒțȗȐȓ ț ǨȌȎȐȋȈȘȚȣ ȍȋȖ ȊȚȖȘȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ȀțȕȈȝȠȍȗȝț. ǪȣȘȈȏȐȊ șȊȖȍȔț ȖȚȞț ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȍ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ, ǸȖȝȐȚȈ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ ȍȔț ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ ȀțȕȈȝȠȍȗȝț Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȋȖ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǰȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȚȐȝȈ ȧȊșȚȊțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ Țȍ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȒțȗȐȚȤ. ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȍ ȕțȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȔț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȖȉȍȡȈȕȐȍ, ȌȈȕȕȖȍ ǪȈȘțȕȍ. ǰ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȉȣȓ Ȓțȗȓȍȕ. ǻȎȍ ȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȣ ȓȍȚ ȕȈȏȈȌ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȓȐ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ Ȑ ȚȖȘȋȖȊȈȓȐ ȘȈȉȈȔȐ. ǷȖȐșȚȐȕȍ, Ȑ ȚȖ, Ȑ ȌȘțȋȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓȖ ș ȕȍȏȈȗȈȔȧȚȕȣȝ ȊȘȍȔȍȕ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȚȈȚȈȝ ȗțȘțȠȈ-ȔȍȌȝȍȕȈ ȝȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȖ ȔȈȝȈ-ȑȈȠȈȝ ȔțȒȚȖȌȈȘȖ 'ȑȈȌȎȈȌ ȌȍȊȈȕ ȊȈȘțȕȈȌȐȕ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȒȈȚȝȈȝ ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ; ȗțȘțȠȈ-ȔȍȌȝȍȕȈ — ȏȈȒȓȈȕȐȍȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȈ ȧȋȤȍ; ȝȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȑȈȠȈȝ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ șȓȈȊȖȑ; ȔțȒȚȈ-țȌȈȘȈȝ — ȐȏȉȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȚ ȊȖȌȧȕȒȐ; ȈȑȈȌȎȈȚ — ȗȘȐȕȍș ȎȍȘȚȊț; ȌȍȊȈȕ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ; ȊȈȘțȕȈ-ȈȌȐȕ — ǪȈȘțȕȍ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȔ; ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȒȈȚȝȈȝ — ȊȖȠȍȌȠȐȑ Ȋ ȐșȚȖȘȐȦ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȣȑ ȞȈȘȤ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȞȈȘȍȑ Ȋ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ, ȗȘȐȕȍșȧ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǺȈȒ Ȗȕ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȓ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ Ȑ ȐȏȓȍȟȐȓșȧ ȖȚ ȊȖȌȧȕȒȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȕȈșȓȈȓ ȕȈ ȕȍȋȖ ǪȈȘțȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȊȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȚȈșȔȐȕ ȝȖȚȈ ȟȈȌȝȊȈȘȑțȘ ȈȚȔȈȊȈȕ ȌȎȈȔȈȌȈȋȕȐȘ ȈȉȝțȌ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ 131


132 ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȖ 'ȑȈșȑȈȝ șȈȔȈ-ȋȈȝ ȊȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈȝ — ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ Ȑ ȔȐșȚȐȒ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȉȣȓ; ȚȈșȔȐȕ — ȕȈ ȥȚȖȔ (ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ); ȝȖȚȈ — ȋȓȈȊȕȣȑ ȎȘȍȞ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȡȐȑ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈȌȝȊȈȘȑțȝ — ȎȘȍȞ, ȗȘȖȐȏȕȖșȧȡȐȑ ȋȐȔȕȣ «ȇȌȎțȘ-ȊȍȌȣ» Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȡȐȑ ȘȐȚțȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȐ; ȈȚȔȈȊȈȕ — ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȑ ȊȍȘȠȐȕ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ; ȌȎȈȔȈȌȈȋȕȐȝ — ǬȎȈȔȈȌȈȋȕȐ; ȈȉȝțȚ — ȉȣȓ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȦȡȐȑ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ ȋȓȈȊȕȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȈȑȈșȑȈȝ — ȍȡȍ ȖȌȐȕ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; șȈȔȈ-ȋȈȝ — ȟȐȚȈȦȡȐȑ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ «ǹȈȔȈ-ȊȍȌȣ» . ǵȈ ȚȖȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ ȉȣȓ ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔ ȎȘȍȞȖȔ, ȖȚȊȍȟȈȊȠȐȔ ȏȈ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ ȌȈȘȖȊ. Ǫ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȗȖșȚȐȋȠȐȑ ȕȈțȒț Ȗ ȌțȠȍ ǬȎȈȔȈȌȈȋȕȐ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȖșȐȓ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ Ȑȏ «ȇȌȎțȘ-ȊȍȌȣ». ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȓ ȎȘȍȞȖȊȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, Ȉ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǨȧșȤȧ ȗȍȓ ȋȐȔȕȣ Ȑȏ «ǹȈȔȈ-ȊȍȌȣ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 ȚȈșȔȈȐ ȚțȠȚȖ ȌȈȌȈȊ ȐȕȌȘȈȝ ȠȈȚȈȒȈțȔȉȝȈȔȈȑȈȔ ȘȈȚȝȈȔ ȠțȕȈȝȠȍȗȝȈșȑȈ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȑȈȔ țȗȈȘȐȠȚȈȚ ȗȘȈȟȈȒȠȑȈȚȍ ȚȈșȔȈȐ — ȍȔț (ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȍ); ȚțȠȚȈȝ — țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ; ȌȈȌȈț — ȌȈȘȖȊȈȓ; ȐȕȌȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍȉȍș; ȠȈȚȈȒȈțȔȉȝȈ-ȔȈȑȈȔ — ȏȖȓȖȚțȦ; ȘȈȚȝȈȔ — ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞț; ȠțȕȈȝȠȍȗȝȈșȑȈ — ȀțȕȈȝȠȍȗȝȐ; ȔȈȝȈȚȔȑȈȔ — șȓȈȊȈ; țȗȈȘȐȠȚȈȚ — ȕȐȎȍ (ȒȖȋȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȗ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȝ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȣ); ȗȘȈȟȈȒȠȑȈȚȍ — ȉțȌȍȚ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȚȤșȧ. ǾȈȘȤ ǰȕȌȘȈ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ, ȗȖȌȈȘȐȓ ȍȔț ȏȖȓȖȚțȦ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞț. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȀțȕȈȝȠȍȗȝȐ, ȚȖ Ȗ ȍȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȐ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕȖ Ȋ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȍ Ȗ șȣȕȍ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 24 șȈȚȑȈȔ șȈȘȈȔ ȌȝȘȐȚȐȔ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ șȈȉȝȈȘȑȈșȑȈ ȟȈ ȉȝțȗȈȚȍȝ ȊȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȖ ȉȝȘȐȠȈȔ ȗȘȐȚȖ ȌȈȌȈȊ ȈȊȐȝȈȚȈȔ ȋȈȚȐȔ șȈȚȑȈȔ — ȗȘȈȊȌȐȊȖșȚȤ; șȈȘȈȔ — ȚȊȍȘȌȖșȚȤ; ȌȝȘȐȚȐȔ — șȚȖȑȒȖșȚȤ; ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; șȈ-ȉȝȈȘȑȈșȑȈ — ș șțȗȘțȋȖȑ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȉȝțȗȈȚȍȝ — ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȣ; ȊȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈȝ — ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȉȝȘȐȠȈȔ — ȖȟȍȕȤ; ȗȘȐȚȈȝ — ȖȉȘȈȌȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ; ȌȈȌȈț — ȌȈȓ; ȈȊȐȝȈȚȈȔ ȋȈȚȐȔ — ȊȍȟȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǪȐȌȧ, ȟȚȖ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȎȍȕȈ ȗȘȈȊȌȐȊȣ, ȚȍȘȗȍȓȐȊȣ Ȑ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȐȡțȚ șȈȔțȦ șțȚȤ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ ȌȈȓ ȐȔ ȕȍțȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȔȖȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȦȡȍȍ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȞȍȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 25 - 26 132


133 ȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȘȐȚȝȐȊȑȈȔ ȚȈȔ ȈȌȉȝȐș ȚȍȌȎȈșȈȗȖ 'ȕȐȓȍȕȈ ȚȈȚ Ȓȝȍ ȊȈȑțȔ ȌȝȈȘȈȑȈȔș ȚȈȟ ȟȈ ȉȝțȚȈȌȈț ȚȈȔ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȕȐ ȚȈșȔȐȕ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȒȈȓȈȔ ȌȝȑȈȚȊȈ ȚȈȑȈȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȊȐȕȐȘȌȈȝȈȕ ȝȐȚȊȈ ȚȈȔ șȊȍȕȈ ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ ȕȐȘȊȈȕȈ-șțȒȝȈ-șȈȔȊȐȌȈ ȈȕȐȘȌȍȠȑȈȗȘȈȚȈȘȒȑȍȕȈ ȚȈșȚȝȈț ȊȐȌȝȊȈșȚȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈȝ ȔȈȕȈȝ — țȔ (ȗȖȓȕȣȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȝ ș ȍȌȖȑ, șȕȖȔ, șȖȊȖȒțȗȓȍȕȐȍȔ Ȑ șȈȔȖȏȈȡȐȚȖȑ); ȗȘȐȚȝȐȊȑȈȔ — ȏȍȔȓȦ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȍ; ȈȌȉȝȐȝ — ș ȊȖȌȖȑ; ȚȍȌȎȈșȈ — ș ȖȋȕȍȔ; ȈȗȈȝ — ȊȖȌț; ȈȕȐȓȍȕȈ — ș ȊȖȌȖȑ; ȚȈȚ — ȍȋȖ; Ȓȝȍ — Ȋ ȕȍȉȍ; ȊȈȑțȔ — ȊȖȏȌțȝ; ȌȝȈȘȈȑȈȕ — ȗȖȔȍȡȈȦȡȐȑ; ȚȈȚ — ȍȋȖ (ȕȍȉȖ); ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȉȝțȚȈȈȌȈț — Ȋ ȓȖȎȕȖȍ ȥȋȖ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȐ — Ȋ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊț, șȖȊȖȒțȗȕțȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ; ȚȈșȔȐȕ — Ȋ ȕȍȍ (șȖȊȖȒțȗȕțȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ); ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȒȈȓȈȔ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȣ; ȌȝȑȈȚȊȈ — ȔȍȌȐȚȈȞȐȍȑ; ȚȈȑȈ — ȚȈȒȖȑ; ȈȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ — ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ; ȊȐȕȐȘȌȈȝȈȕ — șȎȐȋȈȦȡȐȑ; ȝȐȚȊȈ — ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ; ȚȈȔ — Ȑȝ (ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȏȈȗȘȖșȣ); șȊȍȕȈ — ȗȖȏȕȈȊ șȍȉȧ; ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ — ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ; ȕȐȘȊȈȕȈ-șțȒȝȈșȈȔȊȐȌȈ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖȔ, ȗȖȓȈȋȈȦȡȐȔ ȒȖȕȍȞ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȉȣȚȐȦ; ȈȕȐȘȌȍȠȑȈ — ȕȍȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȔȣȔ; ȈȗȘȈȚȈȘȒȑȍȕȈ — ȕȍȗȖșȚȐȎȐȔȣȔ; ȚȈșȚȝȈț — ȖșȚȈȓșȧ; ȊȐȌȝȊȈșȚȈ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȣ; ȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ țȏȣ. ǹȕȈȟȈȓȈ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǽȈȘȐȠȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖȟȐșȚȐȓ șȊȖȑ țȔ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, șȖȍȌȐȕȐȊ ȍȋȖ ș ȏȍȔȓȍȑ. ǯȈȚȍȔ Ȗȕ șȖȍȌȐȕȐȓ ȏȍȔȓȦ ș ȊȖȌȖȑ, ȊȖȌț ș ȖȋȕȍȔ, ȖȋȖȕȤ ș ȊȖȏȌțȝȖȔ, Ȉ ȊȖȏȌțȝ ș ȕȍȉȖȔ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȗȕ șȖȍȌȐȕȐȓ ȕȍȉȖ ș șȖȊȖȒțȗȕȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ, Ȉ șȖȊȖȒțȗȕțȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ — ș ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ. ǶȉȓȈȌȈȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ — ȏȕȈȟȐȚ șȖȏȕȈȊȈȚȤ șȍȉȧ ȟȈșȚȐȞȍȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶșȖȏȕȈȊȠȈȧ șȍȉȧ ȌțȠȈ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȧșȤ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȕȍȗȖșȚȐȎȐȔȖȑ Ȑ ȕȍȌȖșȚțȗȕȖȑ ȊȖșȗȘȐȧȚȐȦ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǻȚȊȍȘȌȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȐ, ȖȕȈ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕțȦ șȊȖȉȖȌț ȖȚ ȖȒȖȊ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ șȍȌȤȔȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǬȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ ȞȈȘȧ ǴȈȕȌȝȈȚȣ».

Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɜɨɫɶɦɚɹ. ȼɫɬɪɟɱɚ ɫɵɧɨɜɟɣ ɋɚɝɚɪɵ ɢ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɚ Ʉɚɩɢɥɚɞɟɜɵ

Ǫ ȊȖșȤȔȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ ǸȖȝȐȚȣ. Ǫ ȘȖȌț ǸȖȝȐȚȣ ȉȣȓ ȞȈȘȤ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȏȌȍșȤ ȐșȚȖȘȐȦ Ȗ ȋȐȉȍȓȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ țȟȈșȚȊȖȊȈȓ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȈ.

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134 ǻ ǸȖȝȐȚȣ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ǽȈȘȐȚȈ, Ȉ ț ǽȈȘȐȚȣ — ȟȈȔȗȈ, ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȊȠȐȑ ȋȖȘȖȌ ȟȈȔȗȈȗțȘȐ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ȟȈȔȗȣ ȉȣȓ ǹțȌȍȊȈ, șȣȕȖȔ ǹțȌȍȊȣ — ǪȐȌȎȈȧ, șȣȕȖȔ ǪȐȌȎȈȐ — ǩȝȈȘțȒȈ, Ȉ șȣȕȖȔ ǩȝȈȘțȒȐ — ǪȘȐȒȈ. ǹȣȕȈ ǪȘȐȒȐ, ǩȈȝțȒț, ȖȌȖȓȍȊȈȓȐ ȊȘȈȋȐ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȌȖȔ Ȑ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȎȍȕȖȑ țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș. ǷȖșȓȍ șȔȍȘȚȐ ǩȈȝțȒȐ ȍȋȖ ȎȍȕȈ ȘȍȠȐȓȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȖȉȘȧȌ șȈȚȐ — țȔȍȘȍȚȤ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȔțȎȍȔ. ǶȕȈ țȎȍ ȋȖȚȖȊȐȓȈșȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ șȔȍȘȚȤ, ȕȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǨțȘȊȈ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȔȍȕȕȈ, Ȑ ȏȈȗȘȍȚȐȓ ȍȑ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ. ǬȘțȋȐȍ Ȏȍȕȣ ǩȈȝțȒȐ ȗȖȌȔȍȠȈȓȐ ȍȑ Ȋ ȗȐȡț ȧȌ, ȕȖ ȖȕȈ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȘȖȌȐȓȈ șȣȕȈ. ȅȚȖȚ șȣȕ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȐȔȧ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ ( șȈ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ «ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș», Ȉ ȋȈȘȈ — «ȧȌ»). ǹȓȍȌțȧ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǨțȘȊȣ, ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ ȗȘȍȖȉȘȈȏȐȓ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȗȓȍȔȍȕ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ȧȊȈȕȖȊ, ȠȈȒȖȊ, ȝȈȑȝȈȍȊ Ȑ ȉȈȘȉȈȘȖȊ. Ƕȕ ȕȍ țȉȐȊȈȓ Ȑȝ, Ȉ șȚȈȘȈȓșȧ ȐșȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ. ǯȈȚȍȔ ȗȖ șȖȊȍȚț ȚȖȋȖ Ȏȍ ǨțȘȊȣ ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ǰȕȌȘȈ, ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍȉȍș, ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ȒȖȕȧ, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȖȋȖ Ȍȓȧ ȧȋȤȐ . ǻ ȞȈȘȧ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ ȉȣȓȖ ȌȊȍ Ȏȍȕȣ — ǹțȔȈȚȐ Ȑ DzȍȠȐȕȐ. Ǫ ȗȖȐșȒȈȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȒȖȕȧ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ǹțȔȈȚȐ ȗȍȘȍȒȖȗȈȓȐ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȤ ǯȍȔȓȐ, Ȑ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȓșȧ ȒȖȚȓȖȊȈȕ, ȗȖȓțȟȐȊȠȐȑ ȗȖȚȖȔ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍ ȖȒȍȈȕȈ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȐșȒȖȊ ȞȈȘȍȊȐȟȐ ȗȖȊșȚȘȍȟȈȓȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊț Ȑ ȘȍȠȐȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ Ƕȕ țȒȘȈȓ ȒȖȕȧ. ǹ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȔȣșȓȤȦ ȖȕȐ ȕȈȗȈȓȐ ȕȈ DzȈȗȐȓț Ȑ ȉȣȓȐ șȖȎȎȍȕȣ ȌȖȚȓȈ. ǻ DzȍȠȐȕȐ, ȊȚȖȘȖȑ Ȏȍȕȣ ȞȈȘȧ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ, ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈ. ǭȋȖ șȣȕ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȓ ȗȖȐșȒȐ ȒȖȕȧ Ȑ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȓ șȊȖȐȝ ȌȧȌȍȑ. ǷȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȓ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȍ, ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ țȊȐȌȍȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȒȖȕȧ Ȑ ȚȈȔ Ȏȍ — ȋȘțȌț ȗȍȗȓȈ. ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ ȊȖȏȕȍș ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȍ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ, ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕȖȔ, ȖȚȌȈȓ ȍȔț ȗȘȖȗȈȊȠȍȋȖ ȒȖȕȧ. ǺȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ șȚȖȧȚȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȖȑ, Ȑ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ ȞȈȘȍȊȐȟ ȔȖȓȐȚ Ȗȉ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȐ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ. ǺȖȋȌȈ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȈ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ, ȟȚȖ Ȑȝ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȊȖȌȣ Ȑȏ ǫȈȕȋȐ. ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ Ȋ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ șȒȓȖȕȐȓșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȖȑ, ȖȉȖȠȍȓ ȊȖȒȘțȋ ǵȍȋȖ Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ, ȊȏȧȊ ș șȖȉȖȑ ȒȖȕȧ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȧȋȤȦ, Ȗȕ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕț Ȑ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ǨțȘȊȣ, ȖȉȘȍȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȝȈȘȐȚȖ ȘȖȝȐȚȈ-șțȚȈȠ ȟȈȔȗȈș ȚȈșȔȈȌ ȊȐȕȐȘȔȐȚȈ ȟȈȔȗȈȗțȘȐ șțȌȍȊȖ 'ȚȖ ȊȐȌȎȈȑȖ ȑȈșȑȈ ȟȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȝȈȘȐȚȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǽȈȘȐȚȈ; ȘȖȝȐȚȈ-șțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ ȞȈȘȧ ǸȖȝȐȚȣ; ȟȈȔȗȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȟȈȔȗȈ; ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ǽȈȘȐȚȣ); ȊȐȕȐȘȔȐȚȈ — șȖȖȘțȎȍȕ; ȟȈȔȗȈ-ȗțȘȐ — ȋȖȘȖȌ ȟȈȔȗȈȗțȘȐ; șțȌȍȊȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹțȌȍȊȈ; ȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ (ȖȚ ȟȈȔȗȣ); ȊȐȌȎȈȑȈȝ — ǪȐȌȎȈȧ; ȑȈșȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ǹțȌȍȊȣ); ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȌȎȈȝ — șȣȕ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: ǻ ǸȖȝȐȚȣ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǽȈȘȐȚȈ, Ȉ ț ǽȈȘȐȚȣ — șȣȕ ȟȈȔȗȈ, ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȊȠȐȑ ȋȖȘȖȌ ȟȈȔȗȈȗțȘȐ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ȟȈȔȗȣ ȉȣȓ ǹțȌȍȊȈ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ — ǪȐȌȎȈȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȉȝȈȘțȒȈș ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈș ȚȈșȔȈȌ ȊȘȐȒȈș ȚȈșȑȈȗȐ ȉȈȝțȒȈȝ 134


135 șȖ 'ȘȐȉȝȐȘ ȝȘȐȚȈ-ȉȝț ȘȈȌȎȈ șȈȉȝȈȘȑȖ ȊȈȕȈȔ ȈȊȐȠȈȚ ȉȝȈȘțȒȈȝ — ǩȝȈȘțȒȈ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ (șȣȕ ǪȐȌȎȈȐ); ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ȖȚ ǩȝȈȘțȒȐ); ȊȘȐȒȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǪȘȐȒȈ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; ȈȗȐ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȉȈȝțȒȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǩȈȝțȒȈ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ȞȈȘȤ); ȈȘȐȉȝȐȝ — ȊȘȈȋȈȔȐ; ȝȘȐȚȈ-ȉȝțȝ — ȚȖȚ, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȖȚȕȧȓȐ ȏȍȔȓȦ; ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘȤ (ǩȈȝțȒȈ); șȈ-ȉȝȈȘȑȈȝ — șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ; ȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȍș; ȈȊȐȠȈȚ — ȊȖȠȍȓ. ǻ ǪȐȌȎȈȐ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ǩȝȈȘțȒȈ, ț ǩȝȈȘțȒȐ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǪȘȐȒȈ, ț ǪȘȐȒȐ — ǩȈȝțȒȈ. ǪȘȈȋȐ ȞȈȘȧ ǩȈȝțȒȐ ȏȈȉȘȈȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȞȈȘȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝț Ȑ țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș ȊȔȍșȚȍ șȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȊȘȐȌȌȝȈȔ ȚȈȔ ȗȈȕȟȈȚȈȔ ȗȘȈȗȚȈȔ ȔȈȝȐȠȑ ȈȕțȔȈȘȐȠȑȈȚȐ ȈțȘȊȍȕȈ ȌȎȈȕȈȚȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȈȌȎȈȊȈȕȚȈȔ ȕȐȊȈȘȐȚȈ ȊȘȐȌȌȝȈȔ — șȚȈȘȖȋȖ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ; ȗȈȕȟȈȚȈȔ — șȔȍȘȚȤ; ȗȘȈȗȚȈȔ — ȕȈȠȍȌȠȍȋȖ; ȔȈȝȐȠȐ — ȞȈȘȐȞȈ; ȈȕțȔȈȘȐȠȑȈȚȐ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȈȧ țȔȍȘȍȚȤ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȕȐȔ; ȈțȘȊȍȕȈ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȔ ǨțȘȊȖȑ; ȌȎȈȕȈȚȈ — ȏȕȈȦȡȍȔ (Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ); ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — ȚȍȓȖ (ȞȈȘȐȞȣ); ȗȘȈȌȎȈ- ȊȈȕȚȈȔ — ȕȖșȧȡȍȍ ȗȓȖȌ; ȕȐȊȈȘȐȚȈ — ȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ, șȖșȚȈȘȐȊȠȐșȤ, ǩȈȝțȒȈ țȔȍȘ, ȖȌȕȈ Ȑȏ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓȈ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ șȔȍȘȚȤ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȕȐȔ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȊ ȖȉȘȧȌ șȈȚȐ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ǨțȘȊȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȔȍȕȕȈ, ȏȈȗȘȍȚȐȓ ȍȑ țȔȐȘȈȚȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȈȌȎȕȈȑȈșȑȈȐ șȈȗȈȚȕȐȉȝȐȘ ȋȈȘȖ ȌȈȚȚȖ 'ȕȌȝȈșȈ șȈȝȈ șȈȝȈ ȚȍȕȈȐȊȈ șȈȕȌȎȈȚȈȝ șȈȋȈȘȈȒȝȑȖ ȔȈȝȈ-ȑȈȠȈȝ șȈȋȈȘȈȠ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȑ ȈșȐȚ șȈȋȈȘȖ ȑȈȚ-șțȚȈȐȝ ȒȘȐȚȈȝ ȈȌȎȕȈȑȈ — țȏȕȈȊ (ȥȚȖ); ȈșȑȈȐ — ȍȑ (ȉȍȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȑ ȞȈȘȐȞȍ); șȈȗȈȚȕȐȉȝȐȝ — ș ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȎȍȕȈȔȐ ǩȈȝțȒȐ; ȋȈȘȈȝ — ȧȌ; ȌȈȚȚȈȝ — ȌȈȕ; ȈȕȌȝȈșȈ șȈȝȈ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȍȌȖȑ; șȈȝȈ ȚȍȕȈ — ș ȕȐȔ (ș ȧȌȖȔ); ȥȊȈ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; șȈȕȌȎȈȚȈȝ — ȘȖȎȌȍȕ; șȈȋȈȘȈ-ȈȒȝȑȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȑȈȠȈȝ — ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; șȈȋȈȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ; ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ — ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ; ȈșȐȚ — șȚȈȓ; șȈȋȈȘȈȝ — ȔȍșȚȖ ȗȖȌ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍȔ ǫȈȕȋȈșȈȋȈȘȈ; ȑȈȚ-șțȚȈȐȝ — șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȒȘȐȚȈȝ — ȖȚȒȘȣȚȖ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȌȘțȋȐȍ Ȏȍȕȣ ǩȈȝțȒȐ ȚȖȎȍ țȏȕȈȓȐ Ȗ ȍȍ ȉȍȘȍȔȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȖȕȐ șȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȐșȤ ȗȖȌȓȖȎȐȚȤ ȍȑ ȧȌ Ȋ ȗȐȡț, ȕȖ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȍȑșȚȊȖȊȈȓ, Ȑ ț ȞȈȘȐȞȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ, ȕȖșȐȊȠȐȑ Ȋ șȍȉȍ ȧȌ. ǯȈ ȥȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȏȊȈȓȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȖȑ («ȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȔșȧ ș ȧȌȖȔ»). ǷȖȏȎȍ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ șȚȈȓ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ, Ȉ ȒȖȚȓȖȊȈȕ, ȗȖȓțȟȐȊȠȐȑ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍ ǫȈȕȋȈșȈȋȈȘȣ, ȉȣȓ ȊȣȘȣȚ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ. 135


136 ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 5 - 6 ȑȈș ȚȈȓȈȌȎȈȕȋȝȈȕ ȑȈȊȈȕȈȕ ȟȝȈȒȈȕ ȝȈȐȝȈȑȈ-ȉȈȘȉȈȘȈȕ ȕȈȊȈȌȝȐȌ ȋțȘț-ȊȈȒȑȍȕȈ ȟȈȒȘȍ ȊȐȒȘȐȚȈ-ȊȍȠȐȕȈȝ ȔțȕȌȈȕ ȟȝȔȈȠȘț-ȌȝȈȘȈȕ ȒȈȔȠȟȐȕ ȔțȒȚȈ-ȒȍȠȈȘȌȝȈ-ȔțȕȌȐȚȈȕ ȈȕȈȕȚȈȘ-ȊȈșȈșȈȝ ȒȈȔȠȟȐȌ ȈȉȈȝȐȘ-ȊȈșȈșȖ 'ȗȈȘȈȕ ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ); ȚȈȓȈȌȎȈȕȋȝȈȕ — ȕȍȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȑȏ ȗȓȍȔȍȕȐ ȚȈȓȈȌȎȈȕȋȝȈ; ȑȈȊȈȕȈȕ — ȓȦȌȍȑ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȦȡȐȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘț; ȠȈȒȈȕ — ȌȘțȋȖȑ ȘȖȌ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒȖȊ; ȝȈȐȝȈȑȈ — ȕȍȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȝ; ȉȈȘȉȈȘȈȕ — ȉȈȘȉȈȘȖȊ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȊȈȌȝȐȚ — țȉȐȓ; ȋțȘț-ȊȈȒȑȍȕȈ — ȕȈȒȈȏȖȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ; ȟȈȒȘȍ — șȌȍȓȈȓ; ȊȐȒȘȐȚȈ-ȊȍȠȐȕȈȝ — ȕȍȓȍȗȖ ȖȌȍȚȣȔȐ; ȔțȕȌȈȕ — ȟȐșȚȖ ȗȖȉȘȐȚȣȔȐ; ȠȔȈȠȘț-ȌȝȈȘȈȕ — ȕȖșȧȡȐȔȐ țșȣ; ȒȈȔȠȟȐȚ — ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ; ȔțȒȚȈ-ȒȍȠȈ — ȕȖșȧȡȐȔȐ ȘȈșȗțȡȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȓȖșȣ; ȈȘȌȝȈ-ȔțȕȌȐȚȈȕ — ȕȈȗȖȓȖȊȐȕț ȗȖȉȘȐȚȣȔȐ; ȈȕȈȕȚȈȝ-ȊȈșȈșȈȝ — ȓȐȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȕȐȎȕȍȑ ȖȌȍȎȌȣ; ȒȈȔȠȟȐȚ — ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ; ȈȉȈȝȐȝȊȈșȈșȈȝ — ȓȐȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȊȍȘȝȕȍȑ ȖȌȍȎȌȣ; ȈȗȈȘȈȕ — ȌȘțȋȐȝ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ, șȓȍȌțȧ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, ǨțȘȊȣ, ȕȍ șȚȈȓ țȉȐȊȈȚȤ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȌȐȒȐȝ ȗȓȍȔȍȕ, șȘȍȌȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓȐ ȚȈȓȈȌȎȈȕȋȝȐ, ȧȊȈȕȣ, ȠȈȒȐ, ȝȈȑȝȈȐ Ȑ ȉȈȘȉȈȘȣ. ǪȔȍșȚȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȗȕ ȖȌȕȐȝ ȖȌȍȓ Ȋ șȚȘȈȕȕȣȍ ȖȌȍȎȌȣ, ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȏȈșȚȈȊȐȓ ȗȖȉȘȐȚȤ ȋȖȓȖȊȣ, ȕȖ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȐȓ ȖȚȗțșȒȈȚȤ țșȣ, ȚȘȍȚȤȐȔ Ȋȍȓȍȓ ȕȖșȐȚȤ ȘȈșȗțȡȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȓȖșȣ, ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȣȝ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȕȈȗȖȓȖȊȐȕț ȖȉȘȐȚȣȔȐ, ȗȧȚȣȔ ȏȈȗȘȍȚȐȓ ȕȖșȐȚȤ ȕȐȎȕȦȦ ȖȌȍȎȌț, Ȉ ȠȍșȚȣȔ ȗȘȐȒȈȏȈȓ ȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȉȍȏ ȊȍȘȝȕȍȋȖ ȖȌȍȧȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒ ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ ȊȊȍȓ ȏȕȈȒȐ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȧ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȕȖ țȉȐȊȈȚȤ Ȑȝ ȕȍ șȚȈȓ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 șȖ 'ȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈȐȘ ȈȑȈȌȎȈȚȈ șȈȘȊȈ-ȊȍȌȈ-șțȘȈȚȔȈȒȈȔ ȈțȘȊȖȗȈȌȐȠȚȈ-ȑȖȋȍȕȈ ȝȈȘȐȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȐȠȊȈȘȈȔ ȚȈșȑȖȚșȘȐȠȚȈȔ ȗȈȠțȔ ȑȈȌȎȕȍ ȌȎȈȝȈȘȈȠȊȈȔ ȗțȘȈȕȌȈȘȈȝ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ); ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈȐȝ — ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈ-ȧȋȤȧȔȐ ; ȈȑȈȌȎȈȚȈ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȊȍȌȈ — ȊșȍȋȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ; șțȘȈ — țȟȍȕȣȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ; ȈȚȔȈȒȈȔ — ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ; ȈțȘȊȈ-țȗȈȌȐȠȚȈ- ȑȖȋȍȕȈ — ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȖȑ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ șȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ǨțȘȊȈ; ȝȈȘȐȔ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ; ȐȠȊȈȘȈȔ — ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȊȓȈȌȣȒȍ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ); țȚșȘȐȠȚȈȔ — ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȗȈȠțȔ — ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ; ȑȈȌȎȕȍ — ȗȘȐȕȍș Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț; ȌȎȈȝȈȘȈ — ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ; ȈȠȊȈȔ — ȒȖȕȧ; ȗțȘȈȕȌȈȘȈȝ — ǰȕȌȘȈ, ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍȉȍș.

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137 ǷȖ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȕȐȦ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǨțȘȊȣ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈȧȋȤȦ Ȑ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ — ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȧ, ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠț, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡțȦșȧ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ Ȋșȍȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, Ȑ ȊȔȍșȚȐȓȐȡȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍȉȍș ǰȕȌȘȈ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ȒȖȕȧ, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȖȋȖ Ȍȓȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 șțȔȈȚȑȈș ȚȈȕȈȑȈ ȌȘȐȗȚȈȝ ȗȐȚțȘ ȈȌȍȠȈ-ȒȈȘȐȕȈȝ ȝȈȑȈȔ ȈȕȊȍȠȈȔȈȕȈș Țȍ șȈȔȈȕȚȈȕ ȕȑȈȒȝȈȕȈȕ ȔȈȝȐȔ șțȔȈȚȑȈȝ ȚȈȕȈȑȈȝ — șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ȞȈȘȐȞȣ ǹțȔȈȚȐ; ȌȘȐȗȚȈȝ — ȋȖȘȌȣȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ; ȗȐȚțȝ — ȖȚȞȈ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ); ȈȌȍȠȈ-ȒȈȘȐȕȈȝ — șȓȍȌȖȊȈȊȠȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȒȈȏț; ȝȈȑȈȔ — ȒȖȕȧ (ȗȖȝȐȡȍȕȕȖȋȖ ǰȕȌȘȖȑ); ȈȕȊȍȠȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȐȡțȡȐȍ; Țȍ — ȖȕȐ; șȈȔȈȕȚȈȚ — ȗȖȊșȦȌț; ȕȑȈȒȝȈȕȈȕ — ȒȖȗȈȓȐ; ȔȈȝȐȔ — ȏȍȔȓȦ. [ǻ ȞȈȘȧ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ ȉȣȓȖ ȌȊȍ Ȏȍȕȣ — ǹțȔȈȚȐ Ȑ DzȍȠȐȕȐ.] ǹȣȕȖȊȤȧ ǹțȔȈȚȐ, ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȋȖȘȌȣȍ șȊȖȍȑ țȌȈȓȤȦ Ȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, ȗȖ ȊȍȓȍȕȐȦ ȖȚȞȈ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓȐșȤ ȕȈ ȗȖȐșȒȐ ȒȖȕȧ. ǷȣȚȈȧșȤ ȕȈȑȚȐ ȍȋȖ, ȖȕȐ șȚȈȓȐ ȒȖȗȈȚȤ ȏȍȔȓȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 9 - 10 ȗȘȈȋ-țȌȐȟȑȈȔ ȌȐȠȐ ȝȈȑȈȔ ȌȈȌȘȐȠțȝ ȒȈȗȐȓȈȕȚȐȒȍ ȥȠȈ ȊȈȌȎȐ-ȝȈȘȈȠ ȟȈțȘȈ ȈșȚȍ ȔȐȓȐȚȈ-ȓȖȟȈȕȈȝ ȝȈȕȑȈȚȈȔ ȝȈȕȑȈȚȈȔ ȗȈȗȈ ȐȚȐ ȠȈȠȚȐ-șȈȝȈșȘȐȕȈȝ țȌȈȑțȌȝȈ ȈȉȝȐȑȈȑțȘ țȕȔȐȔȍȠȈ ȚȈȌȈ ȔțȕȐȝ ȗȘȈȒ-țȌȐȟȑȈȔ — șȍȊȍȘȖ-ȊȖșȚȖȒ; ȌȐȠȐ — (Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ) ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȐ; ȝȈȑȈȔ — ȒȖȕȧ; ȌȈȌȘȐȠțȝ — țȊȐȌȍȓȐ; ȒȈȗȐȓȈ-ȈȕȚȐȒȍ — ȗȖȉȓȐȏȖșȚȐ ȖȚ (ȈȠȘȈȔȈ) DzȈȗȐȓȣ; ȥȠȈȝ — ȥȚȖȚ; ȊȈȌȎȐ-ȝȈȘȈȝ — ȗȖȝȐȚȐȚȍȓȤ ȒȖȕȧ; ȟȈțȘȈȝ — ȊȖȘ; ȈșȚȍ — ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ; ȔȐȓȐȚȈȓȖȟȈȕȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȐ ȋȓȈȏȈ ȏȈȒȘȣȚȣ; ȝȈȕȑȈȚȈȔ ȝȈȕȑȈȚȈȔ — ȗțșȚȤ ȉțȌȍȚ țȉȐȚ, ȗțșȚȤ ȉțȌȍȚ țȉȐȚ; ȗȈȗȈȝ — ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȠȈȠȚȐ-șȈȝȈșȘȐȕȈȝ — ȠȍșȚȤȌȍșȧȚ Țȣșȧȟ (șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ); țȌȈȑțȌȝȈȝ — ȗȖȌȕȧȊȠȐȍ ȖȘțȎȐȍ; ȈȉȝȐȑȈȑțȝ — ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȓȐșȤ; țȕȔȐȔȍȠȈ — ȖȚȒȘȣȓ ȋȓȈȏȈ; ȚȈȌȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȔțȕȐȝ — DzȈȗȐȓȈ ǴțȕȐ. ǰ ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ Ȋ șȍȊȍȘȖ-ȊȖșȚȖȟȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ șȚȘȈȕȣ ȖȕȐ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȓȐ ȗȘȖȗȈȊȠȍȋȖ ȒȖȕȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȈșșȧ ȊȖȏȓȍ ȈȠȘȈȔȈ DzȈȗȐȓȣ ǴțȕȐ. «ǪȖȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȗȖȝȐȚȐȊȠȐȑ ȒȖȕȧ, — ȊșȒȘȐȟȈȓȐ ȖȕȐ. — Ƕȕ șȐȌȐȚ ȏȌȍșȤ ș ȏȈȒȘȣȚȣȔȐ ȋȓȈȏȈȔȐ. ǵȈȊȍȘȕȧȒȈ ȥȚȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒ. ǻȉȍȑȚȍ ȍȋȖ! ǻȉȍȑȚȍ!» ǹ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȒȘȐȒȈȔȐ Ȋșȍ ȠȍșȚȤȌȍșȧȚ Țȣșȧȟ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ șȝȊȈȚȐȓȐșȤ ȏȈ ȖȘțȎȐȍ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȓȐșȤ Ȓ ȔțȌȘȍȞț, ȚȖȚ ȖȚȒȘȣȓ ȋȓȈȏȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 137


138 șȊȈ-ȠȈȘȐȘȈȋȕȐȕȈ ȚȈȊȈȕ ȔȈȝȍȕȌȘȈ-ȝȘȐȚȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈȝ ȔȈȝȈȌ-ȊȑȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȈ-ȝȈȚȈ ȉȝȈșȔȈșȈȌ ȈȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȒȠȈȕȈȚ șȊȈ-ȠȈȘȐȘȈ-ȈȋȕȐȕȈ — ȖȋȕȍȔ, ȐșȝȖȌȧȡȐȔ Ȑȏ Ȑȝ Țȍȓ; ȚȈȊȈȚ — șȘȈȏț; ȔȈȝȍȕȌȘȈ — ȝȐȚȘȖșȚȤȦ ǰȕȌȘȣ, ȞȈȘȧ ȕȍȉȍș; ȝȘȐȚȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈȝ — Țȍ, ȟȍȑ ȘȈȏțȔ ȗȖȝȐȡȍȕ; ȔȈȝȈȚ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȌțȠȍ; ȊȑȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȈ-ȝȈȚȈȝ — șȘȈȎȍȕȕȣȍ (ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧȔȐ) ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧ; ȉȝȈșȔȈșȈȚ — ȖȉȘȈȚȐȊȠȐȍșȧ Ȋ ȗȍȗȍȓ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȕ — șȚȈȓȐ; ȒȠȈȕȈȚ — ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȕȖ. ǹȉȐȚȣȍ ș ȚȖȓȒț ȞȈȘȍȔ ȕȍȉȍș ǰȕȌȘȖȑ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ ȗȖȚȍȘȧȓȐ ȘȈșșțȌȖȒ Ȑ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓȐ ȊȍȓȐȒțȦ ȌțȠț. ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȑȝ ȚȍȓȈ ȏȈȋȖȘȍȓȐșȤ, Ȑ ȗȓȈȔȧ Ȋ ȖȌȐȕ ȔȐȋ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȖ Ȑȝ Ȋ ȗȍȗȍȓ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȑȏ ȏȍȔȓȐ, ȊȖȌȣ, Ȗȋȕȧ, ȊȖȏȌțȝȈ Ȑ ȥȜȐȘȈ. ǶȋȖȕȤ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȍșȚȤ Ȋ Țȍȓȍ, Ȑ Ȕȣ ȗȖ ȖȗȣȚț ȏȕȈȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȎȈȘ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȗȋȕȧ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȘȖȑ țșȐȓȐȊȈȚȤșȧ, Ȉ ȗȖȘȖȑ ȖșȓȈȉȍȊȈȚȤ. ǶȋȖȕȤ Ȋ ȚȍȓȈȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ șȚȈȓ ȚȈȒȐȔ șȐȓȤȕȣȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ șȋȖȘȍȓȐ ȌȖȚȓȈ. ȅȚȖȚ ȎȈȘ ȉȣȓ ȊȣȏȊȈȕ Ȑȝ ȗȘȖșȚțȗȒȖȔ ȗȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȌțȠȍ. ǺȈȒȖȍ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȔȈȝȈȌȊȑȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȈ . ǶȕȐ ȗȖȋȐȉȓȐ ȖȚ Ȗȋȕȧ, ȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȍȋȖ Ȑȏ Ȑȝ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ Țȍȓ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȕȈ șȈȌȝț-ȊȈȌȖ ȔțȕȐ-ȒȖȗȈ-ȉȝȈȘȌȎȐȚȈ ȕȘȐȗȍȕȌȘȈ-ȗțȚȘȈ ȐȚȐ șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȌȝȈȔȈȕȐ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȚȈȔȖ ȘȖȠȈȔȈȑȈȔ ȊȐȉȝȈȊȑȈȚȍ ȌȎȈȋȈȚ-ȗȈȊȐȚȘȈȚȔȈȕȐ Ȓȝȍ ȘȈȌȎȖ ȉȝțȊȈȝ ȕȈ — ȕȍ; șȈȌȝț-ȊȈȌȈȝ — șȓȖȊȈ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ țȟȍȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȔțȕȐ-ȒȖȗȈ — ȋȕȍȊȖȔ DzȈȗȐȓȣ ǴțȕȐ; ȉȝȈȘȌȎȐȚȈȝ — șȖȎȎȍȕȣ ȌȖȚȓȈ; ȕȘȐȗȍȕȌȘȈ-ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȌȝȈȔȈȕȐ — ț DzȈȗȐȓȣ ǴțȕȐ, ȕȈȝȖȌȐȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ; ȒȈȚȝȈȔ — ȒȈȒ; ȚȈȔȈȝ — ȋțȕȈ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ; ȘȖȠȈ-ȔȈȑȈȔ — șȖșȚȖȧȡȈȧ Ȑȏ ȋȕȍȊȈ; ȊȐȉȝȈȊȑȈȚȍ — ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ; ȌȎȈȋȈȚ-ȗȈȊȐȚȘȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȐ — ț ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȤȍ ȚȍȓȖ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤ Ȟȍȓȣȑ ȔȐȘ; Ȓȝȍ — Ȋ ȕȍȉȍ; ȘȈȌȎȈȝ — ȗȣȓȤ; ȉȝțȊȈȝ — ȏȍȔȓȐ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȦȚ, ȉțȌȚȖ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ȞȈȘȧ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ ȐșȗȍȗȍȓȐȓ ȖȋȖȕȤ, ȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȋȓȈȏ DzȈȗȐȓȣ ǴțȕȐ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȕȍ șȖȋȓȈșȕȣ ș ȥȚȐȔ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ, ȐȉȖ ȚȍȓȖ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȣ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȚȤ ȋțȕț ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȋȕȍȊȈ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȚȖȔț ȒȈȒ ȟȐșȚȖȍ ȕȍȉȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȏȈȋȘȧȏȕȍȕȖ ȗȣȓȤȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȑȈșȑȍȘȐȚȈ șȈȕȒȝȑȈȔȈȑȐ ȌȘȐȌȝȍȝȈ ȕȈțȘ ȑȈȑȈ ȔțȔțȒȠțș ȚȈȘȈȚȍ ȌțȘȈȚȑȈȑȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȘȕȈȊȈȔ ȔȘȐȚȑț-ȗȈȚȝȈȔ ȊȐȗȈȠȟȐȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȈșȑȈ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȗȘȐȚȝȈȕ-ȔȈȚȐȝ 138


139 ȑȈșȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȐȘȐȚȈ — ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕȈ; șȈȕȒȝȑȈ-ȔȈȑȐ — ȧȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ țȟȍȕȐȧ Ȗ țșȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ (Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȐ șȈȕȒȝȤȐ ); ȌȘȐȌȝȈ — ȗȘȖȟȕȈȧ (ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ, ȟȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉȕȈ ȊȣȏȊȖȓȐȚȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȑȏ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ); ȐȝȈ — ȏȌȍșȤ (Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ); ȕȈțȝ — ȓȖȌȒȈ; ȑȈȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ; ȔțȔțȒȠțȝ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȑ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȚȈȘȈȚȍ — ȗȍȘȍșȍȒȈȍȚ; ȌțȘȈȚȑȈȑȈȔ — ȚȘțȌȕȖȗȘȍȖȌȖȓȐȔȣȑ; ȉȝȈȊȈ-ȈȘȕȈȊȈȔ — ȖȒȍȈȕ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ; ȔȘȐȚȑț-ȗȈȚȝȈȔ — ȗțȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȦȚșȧ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȤ; ȊȐȗȈȠȟȐȚȈȝ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȍȋȖ țȟȍȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȗȈȘȈȚȔȈ- ȉȝțȚȈșȑȈ — ȗȖȌȕȧȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ; ȒȈȚȝȈȔ — ȒȈȒ; ȗȘȐȚȝȈȒ-ȔȈȚȐȝ — ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȧ (ȔȍȎȌț ȊȘȈȋȖȔ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȖȔ). DzȈȗȐȓȈ ǴțȕȐ ȗȘȐȕȍș Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ țȟȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȒȝȤȐ. ǶȕȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȗȘȖȟȕȖȑ ȓȈȌȤȍ, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȍȘȍșȍȟȤ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȕȍȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ. dzȦȉȖȑ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȗȍȘȍȗȘȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȥȚȐȔ țȟȍȕȐȍȔ. ǶȚȒțȌȈ Ȏȍ ț ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȕȈ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȍȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȍ, ȔȖȋȓȈ ȉȣȚȤ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ ȌȍȓȐȚȤ ȖȒȘțȎȈȦȡȐȝ ȕȈ ȌȘțȏȍȑ Ȑ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ (ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȈ), ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊ (ȗȘȈșȈȕȕȈȚȔȈ) . Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȌȍȓȈȍȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȝȖȘȖȠȐȔ Ȑ ȗȓȖȝȐȔ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȓȖȎȕȖȋȖ ȗȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ șȈȔȈȝ șȈȘȊȍȠț ȉȝțȚȍȠț: Ȗȕ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț, ȕȍ ȌȍȓȈȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȑ ȔȍȎȌț ȌȘțȏȤȧȔȐ Ȑ ȊȘȈȋȈȔȐ. Ǩ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȗȕ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȕȈ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȍ Ȑ șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȒȊȍȘȕȣ, ȍȋȖ ȍȡȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȗȈȘȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȖȑ ȐȓȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȖȑ . ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, DzȈȗȐȓȈ ǴțȕȐ ȊȖȊșȍ ȕȍ ȋȕȍȊȈȓșȧ ȕȈ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ: ȖȕȐ șȋȖȘȍȓȐ ȖȚ ȎȈȘȈ, ȐșȝȖȌȐȊȠȍȋȖ Ȑȏ Ȑȝ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ Țȍȓ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȑȖ 'șȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈ ȐȚȑ țȒȚȈȝ șȈ ȒȍȠȐȕȑȈ ȕȘȐȗȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ ȚȈșȑȈ ȗțȚȘȖ 'ȔȠțȔȈȕ ȕȈȔȈ ȗȐȚȈȔȈȝȈ-ȝȐȚȍ ȘȈȚȈȝ ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ (ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ); ȈșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; țȒȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, Ȗ ȒȖȔ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ; ȒȍȠȐȕȑȈȝ — Ȋ țȚȘȖȉȍ DzȍȠȐȕȐ (ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑȏ Ȏȍȕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ); ȕȘȐȗȈ-ȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ — ȞȈȘșȒȐȑ șȣȕ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȣ); ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȈȔȠțȔȈȕ ȕȈȔȈ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ; ȗȐȚȈȔȈȝȈ-ȝȐȚȍ — Ȋ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔȣȝ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ (șȊȖȍȋȖ) ȌȍȌȈ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ); ȘȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȕȧȚȣȑ. ǹȘȍȌȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈ, ȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȑșȧ ț DzȍȠȐȕȐ, ȊȚȖȘȖȑ Ȏȍȕȣ ȞȈȘȧ. ǹȣȕȈ ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȣ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕȖȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊșȍȋȖ șȍȉȧ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȓ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ șȊȖȍȔț ȌȍȌț, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǹȈȋȈȘȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 15 - 16 ȈșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ 139


140 ȌȈȘȠȈȑȈȕȕ ȈșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈȔ ȌȎȈȚȐ-șȔȈȘȈȝ ȗțȘȈ șȈȕȋȈȌ ȑȖȋȐ ȑȖȋȈȌ ȊȐȟȈȓȐȚȈȝ ȈȟȈȘȈȕ ȋȈȘȝȐȚȈȔ ȓȖȒȍ ȌȎȕȈȚȐȕȈȔ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȊȐȗȘȐȑȈȔ șȈȘȈȑȊȈȔ ȒȘȐȌȈȚȖ ȉȈȓȈȕ ȗȘȈșȑȈȌ țȌȊȍȌȎȈȑȈȕ ȌȎȈȕȈȔ ȈșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈȝ — șȣȕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — șȈȔ; ȌȈȘȠȈȑȈȕ — ȊȣȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ; ȈșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈȔ — șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȖ; ȌȎȈȚȐșȔȈȘȈȝ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȗȈȔȧȚȤȦ Ȗ ȗȘȖȠȓȣȝ ȎȐȏȕȧȝ; ȗțȘȈ — ȗȘȍȎȌȍ; șȈȕȋȈȚ — ȐȏȏȈ ȌțȘȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ; ȑȖȋȐ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȑȖȋ -ȔȐșȚȐȒ; ȑȖȋȈȚ — ȖȚ ȗțȚȐ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȐ; ȊȐȟȈȓȐȚȈȝ — ȖȚȒȓȖȕȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȈȟȈȘȈȕ — șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȡȐȑ; ȋȈȘȝȐȚȈȔ — ȊȍșȤȔȈ ȌțȘȕȣȍ; ȓȖȒȍ — șȘȍȌȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȌȎȕȈȚȐȕȈȔ — ȗȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȈȔ; ȒȈȘȔȈ — ȗȖșȚțȗȒȐ; ȊȐȗȘȐȑȈȔ — ȊȘȈȎȌȍȉȕȣȍ; șȈȘȈȑȊȈȔ — Ȋ ȘȍȒț ǹȈȘȈȦ; ȒȘȐȌȈȚȈȝ — ȐȋȘȈȊȠȐȝ; ȉȈȓȈȕ — ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȖȊ; ȗȘȈșȑȈȚ — șȉȘȖșȐȓ; țȌȊȍȌȎȈȑȈȕ — ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȦȡȐȑ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ; ȌȎȈȕȈȔ — ȓȦȌȧȔ. Ǫ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈ ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȑȖȋȖȔ-ȔȐșȚȐȒȖȔ, ȕȖ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȌțȘȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ Ȗȕ ȗȈȓ, ȓȐȠȐȊȠȐșȤ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȒȖȑ șȍȔȤȍ Ȑ ȉȣȓ ȌȎȈȚȐ-șȔȈȘȖȑ — ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȐȔ ȘȍȌȒȖȑ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȗȘȖȠȓțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ȗȕ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȟȐȚȈȓ ȊȣȌȈȊȈȚȤ șȍȉȧ ȏȈ ȏȓȖȌȍȧ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȈșȚȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȐ, ȊȣȏȣȊȈȊȠȐȍ ȕȍȋȖȌȖȊȈȕȐȍ ț ȖȒȘțȎȈȦȡȐȝ Ȑ ȖȚȘȈȊȓȧȊȠȐȍ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȍȋȖ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȈȔ. ǺȈȒ, ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ Ȗȕ ȗȖȌȖȠȍȓ Ȓ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȈȔ, ȐȋȘȈȊȠȐȔ Ȋ ȘȍȒȍ ǹȈȘȈȦ, Ȑ șȉȘȖșȐȓ Ȑȝ Ȋ ȖȔțȚ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȥȊȈȔ ȊȘȐȚȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȐȚȑȈȒȚȈȝ ȗȐȚȘȈ șȕȍȝȈȔ ȈȗȖȝȑȈ ȊȈȐ ȑȖȋȈȐȠȊȈȘȑȍȕȈ ȉȈȓȈȔș ȚȈȕ ȌȈȘȠȈȑȐȚȊȈ ȚȈȚȖ ȑȈȑȈț ȥȊȈȔ ȊȘȐȚȚȈȝ — ȏȈȕȧȚȣȑ ȥȚȐȔ (ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȖȚȊȘȈȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȌȍȓȈȔȐ); ȗȈȘȐȚȑȈȒȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȣȑ; ȗȐȚȘȈ — ȖȚȞȖȔ; șȕȍȝȈȔ — ȓȦȉȖȊȤ; ȈȗȖȝȑȈ — ȖȚȉȘȖșȐȊ; ȊȈȐ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȑȖȋȈ-ȈȐȠȊȈȘȑȍȕȈ — ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ șȐȓȖȑ; ȉȈȓȈȕ ȚȈȕ — Țȍȝ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȖȊ (șȉȘȖȠȍȕȕȣȝ Ȋ ȊȖȌț Ȑ ȗȖȋȐȉȠȐȝ); ȌȈȘȠȈȑȐȚȊȈ — ȗȖȒȈȏȈȊ (Ȑȝ ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȧȔ); ȚȈȚȈȝ ȑȈȑȈț — ȏȈȚȍȔ țȠȍȓ. ǰȏ-ȏȈ șȊȖȐȝ țȎȈșȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈ ȓȐȠȐȓșȧ ȓȦȉȊȐ ȖȚȞȈ. ǸȈȏȋȕȍȊȈȕȕȣȑ ȞȈȘȤ ȐȏȋȕȈȓ ȍȋȖ Ȑȏ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈ ȧȊȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ. Ƕȕ ȖȎȐȊȐȓ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȖȊ Ȑ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓ Ȑȝ ȞȈȘȦ Ȑ Ȑȝ ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȧȔ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȗȕ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȦ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȈ ȉȣȓ ȌȎȈȚȐ-șȔȈȘȖȑ . Ƕȕ șȖȝȘȈȕȐȓ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ Ȋ ȗȘȍȎȕȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȔȖȋ ȖȎȐȊȓȧȚȤ ȔȍȘȚȊȣȝ. ǹȖȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȟțȌȖ ș ȖȎȐȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ ȌȍȚȍȑ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒ Ȓ șȍȉȍ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȞȈȘȧ Ȑ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȑ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ. 140


141 ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȈȑȖȌȝȑȈ-ȊȈșȐȕȈȝ șȈȘȊȍ ȉȈȓȈȒȈȕ ȗțȕȈȘ ȈȋȈȚȈȕ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȊȐșȐșȔȐȘȍ ȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȘȈȌȎȈ ȟȈȗȑ ȈȕȊȈȚȈȗȑȈȚȈ ȈȑȖȌȝȑȈ-ȊȈșȐȕȈȝ — ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȐ; șȈȘȊȍ — Ȋșȍ; ȉȈȓȈȒȈȕ — șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; ȗțȕȈȝ — șȕȖȊȈ; ȈȋȈȚȈȕ — ȊȍȘȕțȊȠȐȝșȧ Ȓ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȊȐșȐșȔȐȘȍ — ȗȖȘȈȏȐȓȐșȤ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ; ȟȈ — Ȏȍ; ȈȗȐ — ȖȌȕȈȒȖ; ȈȕȊȈȚȈȗȑȈȚȈ — șȒȖȘȉȍȓ (Ȗȉ țȝȖȌȍ șȣȕȈ). Ƕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȐ țȊȐȌȍȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȐ ȊȍȘȕțȓȐșȤ Ȓ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȖȕȐ ȐȏțȔȐȓȐșȤ, Ȉ ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ ȋȖȘȤȒȖ ȗȖȎȈȓȍȓ Ȗȉ țȝȖȌȍ șȣȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȈȔȠțȔȈȔȠ ȟȖȌȐȚȖ ȘȈȌȎȕȈ ȚțȘȈȋȈȕȊȍȠȈȕȍ ȑȈȑȈț ȗȐȚȘȐȊȑȈ-ȒȝȈȚȈȕțȗȈȚȝȈȔ ȉȝȈșȔȈȕȚȐ ȌȈȌȘȐȠȍ ȝȈȑȈȔ ȈȔȠțȔȈȕ — șȣȕ ǨșȈȔȈȕȌȎȈșȣ; ȟȖȌȐȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȉȣȓȖ ȌȈȕȖ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ; ȘȈȌȎȕȈ — ȞȈȘȍȔ; ȚțȘȈȋȈ — ȒȖȕȧ; ȈȕȊȍȠȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȗȖȐșȒȈȝ; ȑȈȑȈț — țȠȍȓ; ȗȐȚȘȐȊȑȈ-ȒȝȈȚȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȉȣȓ ȖȗȐșȈȕ ȉȘȈȚȤȧȔȐ (ȍȋȖ) ȖȚȞȈ; ȈȕțȗȈȚȝȈȔ — ȚȍȔ ȗțȚȍȔ; ȉȝȈșȔȈ-ȈȕȚȐ — ȗȖȌȓȍ ȒțȟȐ ȗȍȗȓȈ; ȌȈȌȘȐȠȍ — țȊȐȌȍȓ; ȝȈȑȈȔ — ȒȖȕȧ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ, ȊȕțȒ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ, ȗȖ ȊȍȓȍȕȐȦ ȞȈȘȧ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȗȖȐșȒȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȒȖȕȧ. ǹȓȍȌțȧ ȚȍȔ Ȏȍ ȗțȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȌȧȌȐ, Ȗȕ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ ȚțȌȈ, ȋȌȍ ȓȍȎȈȓȈ ȋȘțȌȈ ȗȍȗȓȈ, Ȑ ȘȧȌȖȔ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȓ ȗȘȖȗȈȊȠȍȋȖ șȒȈȒțȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȚȈȚȘȈșȐȕȈȔ ȔțȕȐȔ ȊȐȒȠȑȈ ȒȈȗȐȓȈȒȝȑȈȔ ȈȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȈȔ ȈșȚȈțȚ șȈȔȈȝȐȚȈ-ȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȘȈȕȌȎȈȓȐȝ ȗȘȈȕȈȚȖ ȔȈȝȈȕ ȚȈȚȘȈ — ȚȈȔ; ȈșȐȕȈȔ — șȐȌȧȡȍȋȖ; ȔțȕȐȔ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ; ȊȐȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȒȈȗȐȓȈ-ȈȒȝȑȈȔ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ DzȈȗȐȓȈ ǴțȕȐ; ȈȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȈȔ — ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǪȐȠȕț; ȈșȚȈțȚ — ȊȖȏȕȍș ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ; șȈȔȈȝȐȚȈ-ȔȈȕȈȝ — Ȋ ȊȣșȠȍȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ; ȗȘȈȕȌȎȈȓȐȝ — șȓȖȎȐȊȠȐȑ ȘțȒȐ; ȗȘȈȕȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖșȚȍȘȚȣȑ Ȋ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍ; ȔȈȝȈȕ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ (ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ). ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ țȊȐȌȍȓ șȐȌȧȡȍȋȖ ȕȍȗȖȌȈȓȍȒț ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ DzȈȗȐȓț — șȊȧȚȖȋȖ, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȍȋȖșȧ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț. ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ Ȋ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ șȒȓȖȕȐȓșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǵȐȔ Ȑ, șȓȖȎȐȊ ȘțȒȐ, șȚȈȓ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȖ ȊȖȏȕȖșȐȚȤ ǭȔț ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ. 141


142 ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȈȔȠțȔȈȕ țȊȈȟȈ ȕȈ ȗȈȠȑȈȚȐ ȚȊȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȖ 'ȌȎȈȕȖ ȕȈ ȉțȌȝȑȈȚȍ 'ȌȑȈȗȐ șȈȔȈȌȝȐ-ȑțȒȚȐȉȝȐȝ ȒțȚȖ 'ȗȈȘȍ ȚȈșȑȈ ȔȈȕȈȝ-ȠȈȘȐȘȈ-ȌȝȐȊȐșȈȘȋȈ-șȘȐȠȚȈ ȊȈȑȈȔ ȈȗȘȈȒȈȠȈȝ ȈȔȠțȔȈȕ țȊȈȟȈ — ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȗȈȠȑȈȚȐ — ȊȐȌȐȚ; ȚȊȈȔ — Ǻȍȉȧ, Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — ȕȈș (ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ); ȈȌȎȈȕȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȉțȌȝȑȈȚȍ — ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ; ȈȌȑȈ ȈȗȐ — ȌȈȎȍ șȍȋȖȌȕȧ; șȈȔȈȌȝȐ — ȔȍȌȐȚȈȞȐȍȑ; ȑțȒȚȐȉȝȐȝ — Ȑ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ; ȒțȚȈȝ — ȗȖȟȍȔț; ȈȗȈȘȍ — ȌȘțȋȐȍ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; ȔȈȕȈȝ-ȠȈȘȐȘȈ-ȌȝȐ — Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȧȍȚ șȍȉȧ șȖ șȊȖȐȔ ȚȍȓȖȔ ȐȓȐ țȔȖȔ; ȊȐșȈȘȋȈ-șȘȐȠȚȈȝ — șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ; ȊȈȑȈȔ — Ȕȣ; ȈȗȘȈȒȈȠȈȝ — ȓȐȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ƕ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȌȈȎȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȔȍȌȐȚȐȘțȧ Ȑ ȗȖȋȘțȎȈȧșȤ Ȋ ȘȈȏȌțȔȤȧ, ȗȖ șȍȑ ȌȍȕȤ ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ǺȊȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȕȈȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȍȍ, ȟȍȔ ȍȋȖ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ. ǿȚȖ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȌȘțȋȐȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȕȈȔ, ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧȔȐ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ Ȑ ȎȐȊțȚ Ȋ ȚȍȓȈȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȚȐȞ Ȑ ȏȊȍȘȍȑ? Ǵȣ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕȣ Ȋ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ Ǻȍȉȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȐȟȟȝȈ-ȌȊȍȠȈ-șȈȔȔțȚȚȝȍȕȈ ȌȊȈȕȌȊȈ-ȔȖȝȍȕȈ ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȕȐ șȈȔȔȖȝȈȔ șȈȘȋȍ ȑȈȕȚȐ ȗȈȘȈȕȚȈȗȈ «Ƕ ȗȖȚȖȔȖȒ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȣ, Ȗ ȗȖȒȖȘȐȚȍȓȤ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ, Ȋșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȗȖȧȊȓȧȧșȤ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ, ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖȑ ȌȊȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȦȡȍȑ Ȑȏ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȕȍȕȈȊȐșȚȐ» (ǩ.-ȋ., 7.27). Ǫșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǬȈȎȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ. ǵȈ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ ȖȉȣȟȕȖ ȊȓȐȧȍȚ ȋțȕȈ șȚȘȈșȚȐ, Ȉ ȕȈ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȕȐȎȍ Ȑȝ (ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȑ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ), — ȋțȕȈ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, ȐȓȐ Ȏȍ ȖȕȐ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȗȖȌ șȔȍȠȈȕȕȣȔ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ, șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȌȧȌȐ, șȋȖȘȍȊȠȐȍ ȌȖȚȓȈ, ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓȐșȤ ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ ȋțȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȍ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȘȈșȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊț. «Ǻȣ ȕȍȌȖșȧȋȈȍȔ ȌȈȎȍ Ȍȓȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ ș ȍȋȖ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȧȔȖ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ, — ȔȖȓȐȓșȧ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ, — ȗȖȥȚȖȔț, ȍșȓȐ Ǻȣ ǹȈȔ ȕȍ ȗȘȖșȊȍȚȐȠȤ ȕȈș, Ȕȣ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȔȖȎȍȔ Ǻȍȉȧ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ». ȈȚȝȈȗȐ Țȍ ȌȍȊȈ ȗȈȌȈȔȉȝțȌȎȈ-ȌȊȈȑȈȗȘȈșȈȌȈ-ȓȍȠȈȕțȋȘȐȝȐȚȈ ȥȊȈ ȝȐ ȌȎȈȕȈȚȐ ȚȈȚȚȊȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ-ȔȈȝȐȔȕȖ ȕȈ ȟȈȕȑȈ ȥȒȖ 'ȗȐ ȟȐȘȈȔ ȊȐȟȐȕȊȈȕ «Ƕ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȗȖșȟȈșȚȓȐȊȐȚșȧ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȝȖȚȧ ȉȣ ȒȈȗȓȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ț ǺȊȖȐȝ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ, șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ǺȊȖȍ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ. ǵȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ Ȋ ȗȖȗȣȚȒȈȝ 142


143 ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚșȧ ȓȐȠȤ ȕȈ șȐȓț șȊȖȍȋȖ ȘȈȏțȔȈ, ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȦȚ Ǻȍȉȧ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȉțȌțȚ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ǪȍȌȣ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȓȍȚ» (ǩȝȈȋ., 10.14.29). ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Țȍ, ȕȈ ȒȖȋȖ Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȓȐȓ ǹȊȖȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ. ǶșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȑȍ ȌȍȝȈ-ȉȝȈȌȎȈș ȚȘȐ-ȋțȕȈ-ȗȘȈȌȝȈȕȈ ȋțȕȈȕ ȊȐȗȈȠȑȈȕȚȑ țȚȈ ȊȈ ȚȈȔȈȠ ȟȈ ȑȈȕ-ȔȈȑȈȑȈ ȔȖȝȐȚȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈș ȚȊȈȔ ȊȐȌțȝ șȊȈ-șȈȔșȚȝȈȔ ȕȈ ȉȈȝȐȝ-ȗȘȈȒȈȠȈȝ ȑȍ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ; ȌȍȝȈ-ȉȝȈȌȎȈȝ — ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȚȍȓȖȔ; ȚȘȐ-ȋțȕȈȗȘȈȌȝȈȕȈȝ — ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȍșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȋțȕȈȕ — ȓȐȠȤ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȊȐȗȈȠȑȈȕȚȐ — ȊȐȌȧȚ; țȚȈ — ȚȈȒ (șȒȈȏȈȕȖ); ȊȈ — ȓȐȉȖ; ȚȈȔȈȝ — ȋțȕȈ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȑȈȚ-ȔȈȑȈȑȈ — ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȔȖȝȐȚȈ — ȊȊȍȌȍȕȣ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȟȍȚȈșȈȝ — Țȍ, ȟȤȐ șȍȘȌȞȈ; ȚȊȈȔ — Ǻȍȉȧ, Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȊȐȌțȝ — ȏȕȈȦȚ; șȊȈ-șȈȔșȚȝȈȔ — ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȋȖ Ȋ Ȑȝ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ Țȍȓȍ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȉȈȝȐȝ- ȗȘȈȒȈȠȈȝ — Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȊȐȌȧȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȣ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. Ƕ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ǻȣ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȠȤ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ, ȕȖ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȗȖȒȘȣȚȣȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȚȍȓȖȔ, ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ Ǻȍȉȧ, ȐȉȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, țȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȔȖȑ ȚȘȍȔȧ ȋțȕȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǰȝ ȘȈȏțȔ ȗȖȒȘȣȚ șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȋțȕȖȑ, ȘȈȌȎȖ- ȋțȕȖȑ Ȑ ȚȈȔȖ-ȋțȕȖȑ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ȥȚȐȝ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ. ǷȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕȣ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, șȗȧȚ ȖȕȐ ȐȓȐ ȉȖȌȘșȚȊțȦȚ, ȊȐȌȧȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍșȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ Ǻȍȉȧ, Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕȣ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ, ȖȕȐ ȊȐȌȧȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ Ȑ Ȑȝ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ, ȕȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤșȧ — ȒȈȒ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȊȕȍȠȕȍ. ȈȗȈȊȐȚȘȈȝ ȗȈȊȐȚȘȖ ȊȈ șȈȘȊȈȊȈșȚȝȈȔ ȋȈȚȖ 'ȗȐ ȊȈ ȑȈȝ șȔȈȘȍȚ ȗțȕȌȈȘȐȒȈȒȠȈȔ șȈ ȉȈȝȑȈȉȝȑȈȕȚȈȘȈȝ ȠțȟȐȝ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȚȤ ȊȕȍȠȕȦȦ ȟȐșȚȖȚț, ȕțȎȕȖ ȖȔȣȊȈȚȤșȧ ȚȘȐȎȌȣ Ȋ ȌȍȕȤ, Ȉ ȟȚȖȉȣ șȚȈȚȤ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȐȏȕțȚȘȐ, ȕȈȌȖ ȖȟȐȡȈȚȤ șȍȘȌȞȍ, ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȧ ȔȈȕȚȘț ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. ǻȟȈșȚȕȐȒȐ ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȧ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȈȊȐȓț (ȉȈȝȑȈȉȝȑȈȕȚȈȘȈȝ ȠțȟȐȝ) . ǺȖȋȌȈ Ȋ ȖȌȐȕ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȑ ȌȍȕȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȔȖȎȍȚ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȓȐȞȖȔ Ȓ ȓȐȞț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 ȚȈȔ ȚȊȈȔ ȈȝȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȋȝȈȕȈȔ șȊȈȉȝȈȊȈ143


144 ȗȘȈȌȝȊȈșȚȈ-ȔȈȑȈ-ȋțȕȈ-ȉȝȍȌȈ-ȔȖȝȈȐȝ șȈȕȈȕȌȈȕȈȌȑȈȐȘ ȔțȕȐȉȝȐȘ ȊȐȉȝȈȊȑȈȔ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȊȐȔțȌȝȈȝ ȗȈȘȐȉȝȈȊȈȑȈȔȐ ȚȈȔ — ȚȖȔț; ȚȊȈȔ — Ǻȍȉȍ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȋȝȈȕȈȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȍșȚȤ șȈȔȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȗȘȐȕȧȊȠȍȍ Țȍȓȍșȕȣȑ ȖȉȓȐȒ; șȊȈȉȝȈȊȈ — ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ (Ȑȝ) ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ; ȗȘȈȌȝȊȈșȚȈ — țșȚȘȈȕȍȕȖ; ȔȈȑȈ-ȋțȕȈ — ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍȕȕȖȍ ȚȘȍȔȧ ȋțȕȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȉȝȍȌȈ-ȔȖȝȈȐȝ — ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖȍ ȊȖșȗȘȐȧȚȐȍ; șȈȕȈȕȌȈȕȈ-ȈȌȑȈȐȝ — ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȔȐ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȒȈȒ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȖ DzțȔȈȘȖȊ (ǹȈȕȈȚ, ǹȈȕȈȒȈ, ǹȈȕȈȕȌȈȕȈ Ȑ ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȈ); ȔțȕȐȉȝȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ; ȊȐȉȝȈȊȑȈȔ — ȚȖȔț, ȒȖȔț ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ; ȒȈȚȝȈȔ — ȒȈȒ; ȊȐȔțȌȝȈȝ — ȓȐȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȘȈȏțȔȈ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȗȈȘȐȉȝȈȊȈȑȈȔȐ — ȔȖȋț ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȚȤ (Ȗ Ǻȍȉȍ). Ƕ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȚȤ Ȗ Ǻȍȉȍ, șȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȓȐȠȤ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȔ DzțȔȈȘȈȔ (ǹȈȕȈȚț, ǹȈȕȈȒȍ, ǹȈȕȈȕȌȈȕȍ Ȑ ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȍ), ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣ ȖȚ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǵȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȓȐ ȌțȔȈȚȤ Ȗ Ǻȍȉȍ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȌȈ, ȒȈȒ ȧ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȓȖȊȖ șȊȈȉȝȈȊȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȍȋȖ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. Ǫ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕȖ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȦ ȋțȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǹȈ ȋțȕȈȕ șȈȔȈȚȐȚȑȈȐȚȈȕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȑȈȑȈ ȒȈȓȗȈȚȍ (ǩ.-ȋ., 14.26). DzȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȋțȕ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, Ȗȕ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ țȘȖȊȕȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ǮȐȊȣȔȐ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȈȔȐ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȖ DzțȔȈȘȖȊ Ȑ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȖșȖȏȕȈȦȚ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȖ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȍ ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ ȋțȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȋȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (2.45) DzȘȐȠȕȈ șȖȊȍȚțȍȚ ǨȘȌȎțȕȍ: ȚȘȈȐȋțȕȑȈ-ȊȐȠȈȑȈ ȊȍȌȈ ȕȐșȚȘȈȐȋțȕȑȖ ȉȝȈȊȈȘȌȎțȕȈ . ǵțȎȕȖ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȕȈȌ ȚȘȍȔȧ ȋțȕȈȔȐ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȗȖȌ Ȑȝ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 24 ȗȘȈȠȈȕȚȈ ȔȈȑȈ-ȋțȕȈ-ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȓȐȕȋȈȔ ȈȕȈȔȈ-ȘțȗȈȔ șȈȌ-ȈșȈȌ-ȊȐȔțȒȚȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȕȖȗȈȌȍȠȈȑȈ ȋȘȐȝȐȚȈ-ȌȍȝȈȔ ȕȈȔȈȔȈȝȍ ȚȊȈȔ ȗțȘțȠȈȔ ȗțȘȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȈȠȈȕȚȈ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖȔț; ȔȈȑȈ-ȋțȕȈ — ȋțȕȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȓȐȕȋȈȔ — ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȐȏțȦȚșȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ ȘȈȌȐ ȗȓȖȌȖȊ; ȈȕȈȔȈȘțȗȈȔ — ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȍȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȐȓȐ ȖȉȘȈȏȈ; șȈȚ-ȈșȈȚ-ȊȐȔțȒȚȈȔ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț ȗȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ Ȑ ȕȍȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȋțȕȈȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-țȗȈȌȍȠȈȑȈ — ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ (ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȕȖȋȖ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ»); ȋȘȐȝȐȚȈ-ȌȍȝȈȔ — ȗȘȐȕȧȊȠȐȑ ȖȉȓȐȒ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț Țȍȓț; ȕȈȔȈȔȈȝȍ — ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȒȓȈȕȧȦșȤ; ȚȊȈȔ — Ǻȍȉȍ; ȗțȘțȠȈȔ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ; ȗțȘȈȕȈȔ — ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ. Ƕ ȊȍȟȕȖ țȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ! ǽȖȚȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ, ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȍȦ ȐȔȍȕȈ Ȑ ȖȉȘȈȏȣ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȣ ǺȖȉȖȑ ȖȌȕȐȔ, ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȏȈȚȘȈȋȐȊȈȦȚ 144


145 Ǻȍȉȧ. ǺȊȖȍ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȐȔȧ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȖ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȐȔȍȕ, Ȉ ǺȊȖȑ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȖȚȓȐȟȍȕ ȖȚ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. Ǻȣ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȠȤ Ȋ Țȍȓȍ, ȗȖȝȖȎȍȔ ȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ, ȓȐȠȤ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȈȚȤ ȕȈȔ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ (ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ, șȖȌȍȘȎȈȡȐȔșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ»), ȕȖ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ Ǻȣ — ǪȣșȠȈȧ ǰȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȧ Ȋ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǺȖȉȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐȓȈ ȇȔțȕȈȟȈȘȤȧ Ȋ șȊȖȍȑ «ǹȚȖȚȘȈ-ȘȈȚȕȍ» ȗȐȠȍȚ (43): ȉȝȈȊȈȕȚȈȔ ȥȊȈȕțȟȈȘȈȕ ȕȐȘȈȕȚȈȘȈȝ ȗȘȈȠȈȕȚȈ-ȕȐȝȠȍȠȈ-ȔȈȕȖȘȈȚȝȈȕȚȈȘȈȝ ȒȈȌȈȝȈȔ ȈȐȒȈȕȚȐȒȈ-ȕȐȚȑȈ-ȒȐȕȒȈȘȈȝ ȗȘȈȝȈȘȠȈȑȐȠȑȈȔȐ șȈȕȈȚȝȈ-ȌȎȐȊȐȚȈȔ «ǵȍțșȚȈȕȕȖ șȓțȎȈ Ǻȍȉȍ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ țȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ ȧ șȚȈȕț ǺȊȖȐȔ ȊȍȟȕȣȔ șȓțȋȖȑ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȚȤ ȘȈȌȖșȚȤ ȖȚ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ȚȈȒȖȔț ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȔț ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕț?» ǴȈȕȖȘȈȚȝȍȕȈșȈȚȐ ȌȝȈȊȈȚȖ ȉȈȝȐȝ: ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȕȈ țȘȖȊȕȍ țȔȈ, ȕȍȐȏȉȍȎȕȖ ȖȗțșȒȈȍȚșȧ ȌȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǵȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȗȘȈȠȈȕȚȖȑ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȔ Ȑ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȔ ȖȚ ȚȘȍȊȖȓȕȍȕȐȑ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȔȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ. ǻ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȐȓȐ ȚȍȓȈ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȋȓțȗȞȣ ȌțȔȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȐȔȧ Ȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣ (ȈȊȈȌȎȈȕȈȕȚȐ ȔȈȔ ȔțȌȝȈ ȔȈȕțȠȐȔ ȚȈȕțȔ ȈȠȘȐȚȈȔ) . ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ — ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. ǵȖ Țȍ, ȒȖȔț ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȍȚ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ, ȌțȔȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȜȖȘȔȣ. ǻ ǵȍȋȖ ȕȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ, ȕȖ Ƕȕ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȖȑ (șȈȟ-ȟȐȌ-ȈȕȈȕȌȈ-ȊȐȋȘȈȝȈ). ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 ȚȊȈȕ-ȔȈȑȈ-ȘȈȟȐȚȍ ȓȖȒȍ ȊȈșȚț-ȉțȌȌȝȑȈ ȋȘȐȝȈȌȐȠț ȉȝȘȈȔȈȕȚȐ ȒȈȔȈ-ȓȖȉȝȍȘȠȑȈ ȔȖȝȈ-ȊȐȉȝȘȈȕȚȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈȝ ȚȊȈȚ-ȔȈȑȈ — ǺȊȖȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ; ȘȈȟȐȚȍ — Ȋ șȖȏȌȈȕȕȖȔ; ȓȖȒȍ — Ȋ ȔȐȘȍ; ȊȈșȚț-ȉțȌȌȝȑȈ — ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȍȔ ȒȈȒ Ȓ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȡȐȔ; ȋȘȐȝȈ-ȈȌȐȠț — Ȓ ȎȐȓȐȡț, ȌȖȔȈȠȕȍȔț ȖȟȈȋț Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȍȔț; ȉȝȘȈȔȈȕȚȐ — șȒȐȚȈȦȚșȧ; ȒȈȔȈ — ȗȖȝȖȚȤȦ; ȓȖȉȝȈ — ȎȈȌȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȐȘȠȑȈ — ȏȈȊȐșȚȤȦ; ȔȖȝȈ — ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ; ȊȐȉȝȘȈȕȚȈ — ȊȊȍȌȍȕȣ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȖȒțȦ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȦ; ȟȍȚȈșȈȝ — Țȍ, ȟȤȐ șȍȘȌȞȈ. Ƕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Țȍȝ, ȟȤȐ șȍȘȌȞȈ ȖȉȔȈȕțȚȣ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȧ, ȈȓȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȏȈȊȐșȚȐ Ȑ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ, ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȚ ȓȐȠȤ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȍ ǺȊȖȍȑ ȔȈȑȍȑ ȓȖȎȕȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ. ǷȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȍ Ȓ ȌȖȔț, Ȏȍȕȍ Ȑ ȌȍȚȧȔ, ȖȕȐ ȊȍȟȕȖ șȒȐȚȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȈȌȑȈ ȕȈȝ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȚȔȈȕ ȒȈȔȈ-ȒȈȘȔȍȕȌȘȐȑȈȠȈȑȈȝ 145


146 ȔȖȝȈ-ȗȈȠȖ ȌȘȐȌȝȈȠ ȟȝȐȕȕȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȔș ȚȈȊȈ ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȚ ȈȌȑȈ — șȍȋȖȌȕȧ; ȕȈȝ — ȕȈȠ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕ — Ȗ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ; ȒȈȔȈ-ȒȈȘȔȈȐȕȌȘȐȑȈ-ȈȠȈȑȈȝ — ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȧȡȐȑ ȖȚ ȗȖȝȖȚȓȐȊȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ȒȖȘȣșȚȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȔȖȝȈ-ȗȈȠȈȝ — ȚțȋȖȑ țȏȍȓ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȑ; ȌȘȐȌȝȈȝ — ȒȘȍȗȒȐȑ; ȟȝȐȕȕȈȝ — ȘȈȏȘțȉȓȍȕ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȚȈȊȈ ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȚ — ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȓȐȞȍȏȘȍȕȐȦ Ǻȍȉȧ. Ƕ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȋȓȧȌȧ ȕȈ Ǻȍȉȧ, ȧ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȓșȧ ȖȚ ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȧ, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȍȋȖșȧ ȋȓȈȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȕȍȗȘȍȖȌȖȓȐȔȖȑ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȐȚȚȝȈȔ ȋȐȚȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈș ȚȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȒȈȗȐȓȖ ȔțȕȐȝ ȈȔȠțȔȈȕȚȈȔ țȊȈȟȍȌȈȔ ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȑȈ ȌȝȐȑȈ ȕȘȐȗȈ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȐȚȚȝȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȋȐȚȈ-ȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȧ șȓȈȊȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȊȖșȗȍȚȈ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȔț; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȒȈȗȐȓȈȝ — DzȈȗȐȓȈ ǴțȕȐ; ȔțȕȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȈȔȠțȔȈȕȚȈȔ — ǨȔȠțȔȈȕț; țȊȈȟȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȑȈ — ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȖ ȕȈȌȍȓȐȊ; ȌȝȐȑȈ — ȗțȚȍȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ; ȕȘȐȗȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ (ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ). Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȗȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ ȊȖșșȓȈȊȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ DzȈȗȐȓȈ, ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǪȐȠȕț, ȧȊȐȓ ȍȔț ǹȊȖȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȖȚȒȘȣȓ ȍȔț ȗțȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 ȠȘȐ-ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ țȊȈȟȈ ȈȠȊȖ 'ȑȈȔ ȕȐȑȈȚȈȔ ȊȈȚșȈ ȗȐȚȈȔȈȝȈ-ȗȈȠțș ȚȈȊȈ ȐȔȍ ȟȈ ȗȐȚȈȘȖ ȌȈȋȌȝȈ ȋȈȕȋȈȔȉȝȖ 'ȘȝȈȕȚȐ ȕȍȚȈȘȈȚ ȠȘȐ-ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ țȊȈȟȈ — DzȈȗȐȓȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ, șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȠȊȈȝ — ȒȖȕȤ; ȈȑȈȔ — ȥȚȖȚ; ȕȐȑȈȚȈȔ — ȗțșȚȤ ȉțȌȍȚ ȖȚȊȍȌȍȕ; ȊȈȚșȈ — Ȗ șȣȕ; ȗȐȚȈȔȈȝȈ — (ȚȊȖȍȋȖ) ȌȍȌȈ; ȗȈȠțȝ — ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ; ȚȈȊȈ — ȚȊȖȑ; ȐȔȍ — ȥȚȐ; ȟȈ — Ȏȍ; ȗȐȚȈȘȈȝ — ȚȍȓȈ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ; ȌȈȋȌȝȈȝ — șȗȈȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌȖȚȓȈ; ȋȈȕȋȈ-ȈȔȉȝȈȝ — ȊȖȌț ǫȈȕȋȐ; ȈȘȝȈȕȚȐ — ȕțȎȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ șȗȈșȍȕȐȧ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȐȚȈȘȈȚ — ȗȖ-ȌȘțȋȖȔț. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǬȖȘȖȋȖȑ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ, ȊȖȚ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȐșȒȈȓ ȚȊȖȑ ȌȍȌ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț. ǯȈȉȐȘȈȑ ȍȋȖ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȚȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ, șȋȖȘȍȊȠȐȝ ȌȖȚȓȈ, Ȑȝ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȖȌȖȑ ǫȈȕȋȐ, Ȑ ȕȐȒȈȒ ȐȕȈȟȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 29 146


147 ȚȈȔ ȗȈȘȐȒȘȈȔȑȈ ȠȐȘȈșȈ ȗȘȈșȈȌȑȈ ȝȈȑȈȔ ȈȕȈȑȈȚ șȈȋȈȘȈș ȚȍȕȈ ȗȈȠțȕȈ ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-ȠȍȠȈȔ șȈȔȈȗȈȑȈȚ ȚȈȔ — ǭȋȖ (ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ); ȗȈȘȐȒȘȈȔȑȈ — ȖȉȖȑȌȧ ȗȖ ȒȘțȋț; ȠȐȘȈșȈ — (șȒȓȖȕȐȊ) ȋȖȓȖȊț; ȗȘȈșȈȌȑȈ — țȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȊ; ȝȈȑȈȔ — ȒȖȕȧ; ȈȕȈȑȈȚ — ȗȘȐȊȍȓ; șȈȋȈȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ; ȚȍȕȈ — ș ȚȍȔ; ȗȈȠțȕȈ — ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔ; ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-ȠȍȠȈȔ — ȏȈȊȍȘȠȈȦȡțȦ ȟȈșȚȤ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; șȈȔȈȗȈȑȈȚ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ ȖȉȖȠȍȓ ȊȖȒȘțȋ DzȈȗȐȓȣ ǴțȕȐ Ȑ, șȒȓȖȕȐȊ ȋȖȓȖȊț, ȊȣȘȈȏȐȓ ǭȔț ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ. ǺȈȒ, șȗȖȓȕȈ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȊ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊț, ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ Ȋȏȧȓ ș șȖȉȖȑ ȒȖȕȧ, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȖȋȖ Ȍȓȧ ȧȋȤȐ, Ȑ ȊȍȘȕțȓ ȍȋȖ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǹȈȋȈȘȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȍȕȐȧ ȘȐȚțȈȓȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 ȘȈȌȎȑȈȔ ȈȔȠțȔȈȚȍ ȕȑȈșȑȈ ȕȐȝșȗȘȐȝȖ ȔțȒȚȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈȝ ȈțȘȊȖȗȈȌȐȠȚȈ-ȔȈȘȋȍȕȈ ȓȍȉȝȍ ȋȈȚȐȔ ȈȕțȚȚȈȔȈȔ ȘȈȌȎȑȈȔ — ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ; ȈȔȠțȔȈȚȍ — ǨȔȠțȔȈȕț; ȕȑȈșȑȈ — ȊȘțȟȐȊ; ȕȐȝșȗȘȐȝȈȝ — ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȐȑ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ; ȔțȒȚȈ- ȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈȝ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȑ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ; ȈțȘȊȈ-țȗȈȌȐȠȚȈ — ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǨțȘȊȣ; ȔȈȘȋȍȕȈ — ȗțȚȍȔ; ȓȍȉȝȍ — ȌȖșȚȐȋ; ȋȈȚȐȔ — ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȧ; ȈȕțȚȚȈȔȈȔ — ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ. ǷȖȏȎȍ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǹȈȋȈȘȈ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕț ȉȘȈȏȌȣ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȔ, Ȉ șȈȔ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȓșȧ ȖȚ ȉȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ ȚȘȍȊȖȋ Ȑ ȏȈȉȖȚ. ǹȓȍȌțȧ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ǨțȘȊȣ ǴțȕȐ, Ȗȕ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȐ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȊȖșȤȔȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǬȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǪșȚȘȍȟȈ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȈȗȐȓȈȌȍȊȣ».

Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɞɟɜɹɬɚɹ. ɉɨɬɨɦɤɢ Ⱥɦɲɭɦɚɧɚ Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȝ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕȈ ȊȗȓȖȚȤ ȌȖ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȐ Ȑ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ȞȈȘȤ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ ȗȘȐȊȍȓ ǫȈȕȋț ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ. ǻ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕȈ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ǬȐȓȐȗȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȣȚȈȓșȧ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ǫȈȕȋț Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȘ, ȕȖ țȔȍȘ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȕȍ șțȔȍȊ ȥȚȖ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ. ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ, șȣȕ ǬȐȓȐȗȣ, ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȓ ȌȍȓȖ ȖȚȞȈ Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȍȕȐȧ șȊȖȍȑ ȞȍȓȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ șțȘȖȊȣȍ ȈșȒȍȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȖȌȊȐȋȐ. ǴȈȚȤ- ǫȈȕȋȈ, ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȈȧ ȍȋȖ ȈșȒȍȏȖȑ, ȧȊȐȓȈșȤ ȍȔț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȈȚȤ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ. ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȍȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ. ǴȈȚȤ-ǫȈȕȋȈ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓȈșȤ șȖȑȚȐ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ, ȕȖ ȗȖșȚȈȊȐȓȈ ȌȊȈ țșȓȖȊȐȧ: ȊȖ-ȗȍȘȊȣȝ, ȍȑ ȕțȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ 147


148 ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȑ ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȑ șȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ ȍȍ ȕȐșȗȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ ȊȖȌȣ, Ȑ, ȊȖ-ȊȚȖȘȣȝ, ȖȕȈ ȕȍ ȝȖȚȍȓȈ șȖȝȘȈȕȧȚȤ Ȋ șȍȉȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ, ȖȚ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ, ȖȔȣȊȈȧșȤ Ȋ ȕȍȑ, ȉțȌțȚ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȚȤșȧ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒȐ. ǺȈȒȖȊȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȌȊȈ ȍȍ țșȓȖȊȐȧ. ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ ǫȈȕȋȍ: «ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȊȗȖȓȕȍ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȣȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ ȕȈȗȖȘ ȚȊȖȐȝ ȊȖȌ, Ȉ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȉțȌțȚ ȖȔȣȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȕȐȝ, Ȋșȍ ȋȘȍȝȐ, ȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋ ȊȖȌȍ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒȈȔȐ, ȉțȌțȚ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȣ». ǷȖȚȖȔ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȈșȒȍȏț, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊț, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕțȦȚ ǨȠțȚȖȠȍȑ, ȐȉȖ ȍȋȖ ȓȍȋȒȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȐ țȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ ȊȖȌȣ ǫȈȕȋȐ. ǺȈȒ ȗȘȍȌȒȐ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȐ, șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕțȊȠȐșȤ ș ȊȖȌȖȑ ǫȈȕȋȐ, ȖȉȘȍȓȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑ șȔȖȋȓȐ ȗȖȗȈșȚȤ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȐ ȉȣȓ ȀȘțȚȈ, șȣȕȖȔ ȀȘțȚȣ ȉȣȓ ǵȈȉȝȈ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ — ǹȐȕȌȝțȌȊȐȗȈ. ǻ ǹȐȕȌȝțȌȊȐȗȣ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǨȦȚȈȦ, Ȉ ț ȕȍȋȖ — ǸȐȚțȗȈȘȕȈ, ȌȘțȋ ǵȈȓȣ. ǸȐȚțȗȈȘȕȈ ȕȈțȟȐȓ ǵȈȓț ȐȋȘȈȚȤ Ȋ ȒȖșȚȐ, Ȉ șȈȔ ȖȉțȟȐȓșȧ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȐșȒțșșȚȊț ȈȠȊȈȊȐȌȤȐ . ǸȐȚțȗȈȘȕȈ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȓ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ șȣȕȈ ǹȈȘȊȈȒȈȔț, ǹȈȘȊȈȒȈȔȈ — ǹțȌȈșț, Ȉ ǹțȌȈșȈ — ǹȈțȌȈșț. ǻ ǹȈțȌȈșȣ ȉȣȓȈ ȎȍȕȈ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȈȔȈȧȕȚȐ, ȐȓȐ ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ, Ȉ șȈȔȖȋȖ ǹȈțȌȈșț ȗȘȖȏȊȈȓȐ DzȈȓȔȈȠȈȗȈȌȖȑ. ǯȈ ȗȘȖșȚțȗȖȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ Ȗȕ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ, ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓ ȍȋȖ Ȑ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓ Ȋ ȘȈȒȠȈșȈ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ, ȗȘȖȝȖȌȧ ȗȖ ȓȍșț, ǹȈțȌȈșȈ țȊȐȌȍȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȌȍȓȐȊȠȍȋȖ șțȗȘțȎȍșȒȖȍ ȓȖȎȍ șȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǹȈțȌȈșȈ ȉȣȓ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȔ, ȍȔț ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓȖșȤ șȢȍșȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ . ǵȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȔȖȓȤȉȣ Ȏȍȕȣ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ǹȈțȌȈșȈ șȖȎȘȈȓ ȍȋȖ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ȎȍȕȈ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓȈ ǹȈțȌȈșț, șȒȈȏȈȊ: «DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Țȣ ȊșȚțȗȐȠȤ Ȋ ȐȕȚȐȔȕțȦ șȊȧȏȤ, Ȓ Țȍȉȍ ȗȘȐȌȍȚ șȔȍȘȚȤ». ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȌȈȎȍ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȓȍȚ, țȎȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȊȠȐșȤ ȖȚ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȧ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȐ ǴțȕȐ, ǹȈțȌȈșȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȋ ȏȈȟȈȚȤ șȣȕȈ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ș ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȐȧ ǹȈțȌȈșȣ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȏȈȟȈȓ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕȣ ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ. ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ ȊȣȕȈȠȐȊȈȓȈ ȗȓȖȌ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȓȍȚ, ȕȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȋȓȈ ȘȖȌȐȚȤ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȘȈșșȍȒ ȍȑ ȎȐȊȖȚ ȒȈȔȕȍȔ, Ȑ ț ȕȍȍ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȕȈȏȊȈȓȐ ǨȠȔȈȒȖȑ. ǹȣȕȈ ǨȠȔȈȒȐ ȏȊȈȓȐ ǩȈȓȐȒȖȑ. ǭȋȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȖȒȘțȎȈȓȖ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ șȗȈșȓȖ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȧ ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔȣ. ǺȈȒ Ȗȕ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȍȡȍ ȖȌȕȖ ȐȔȧ — ǵȈȘȐȒȈȊȈȟȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȐșȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȣ, Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ ȘȖȌȖȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȐȒȖȔ ȕȖȊȣȝ ȗȖȒȖȓȍȕȐȑ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ . ǯȈ ȥȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȏȊȈȓȐ ǴțȓȈȒȖȑ. ǻ ǩȈȓȐȒȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȈ, ț ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȐ — ǨȑȌȈȊȐȌȐ, Ȉ ț ǨȑȌȈȊȐȌȐ — ǪȐȠȊȈșȈȝȈ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǪȐȠȊȈșȈȝȐ ȉȣȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ șȚȖȘȖȕț ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Țȍ șȘȈȎȈȓȐșȤ ș ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔȐ, Ȑ ȖȌȍȘȎȈȓ ȗȖȉȍȌț. ǯȈ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ ȝȖȚȍȓȐ ȌȈȚȤ ȍȔț șȊȖȐ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȧ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ ȞȈȘȤ șȗȘȖșȐȓ, șȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȍȔț ȖșȚȈȓȖșȤ ȎȐȚȤ, Ȑ țȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ șȔȍȘȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȌȍȚ ȊșȍȋȖ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȐȑ, Ȗȕ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ Ȑ ȕȈ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȖȔ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȍ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ. Ƕȕ șȔȖȋ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȞȍȕȕȖȋȖ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȓ șȍȉȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǽȈȘȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȈȔȠțȔȈȔȠ ȟȈ ȚȈȗȈș Țȍȗȍ ȋȈȕȋȈȕȈȑȈȕȈ-ȒȈȔȑȈȑȈ ȒȈȓȈȔ ȔȈȝȈȕȚȈȔ ȕȈȠȈȒȕȖȚ ȚȈȚȈȝ ȒȈȓȍȕȈ șȈȔșȚȝȐȚȈȝ

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149 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȔȠțȔȈȕ — ȞȈȘȤ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ; ȟȈ — Ȏȍ; ȚȈȗȈȝ Țȍȗȍ — ȗȘȍȌȈȓșȧ ȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȐȟȍșȚȊț; ȋȈȕȋȈ — ǫȈȕȋț; ȈȕȈȑȈȕȈ-ȒȈȔȑȈȑȈ — ș ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ (Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ); ȒȈȓȈȔ — ȊȘȍȔȧ; ȔȈȝȈȕȚȈȔ — ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȠȈȒȕȖȚ — ȔȖȋ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȒȈȓȍȕȈ — șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ; șȈȔșȚȝȐȚȈȝ — țȔȍȘ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: ǾȈȘȤ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕ, ȒȈȒ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȌȍȌ, ȌȖȓȋȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȓșȧ ȈșȒȍȏȍ, ȕȖ ȍȔț ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȕȍ țȌȈȓȖșȤ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ǫȈȕȋț Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ. ǷȖȏȎȍ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ ȍȋȖ șȘȖȒ, ȞȈȘȤ țȔȍȘ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȌȐȓȐȗȈș ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈș ȚȈȌȊȈȌ ȈȠȈȒȚȈȝ ȒȈȓȈȔ ȥȑȐȊȈȕ ȉȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈș ȚȈșȑȈ șțȚȈș Țȍȗȍ șȈ șțȔȈȝȈȚ ȚȈȗȈȝ ȌȐȓȐȗȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȐȓȐȗȈ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ (șȣȕ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕȈ); ȚȈȚ-ȊȈȚ — ȒȈȒ Ȑ (ȍȋȖ ȖȚȍȞ); ȈȠȈȒȚȈȝ — ȕȍșȗȖșȖȉȕȣȑ (ȗȍȘȍȔȍșȚȐȚȤ ǫȈȕȋț Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ); ȒȈȓȈȔ ȥȑȐȊȈȕ — ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ; ȉȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈȝ ȚȈșȑȈ șțȚȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ; Țȍȗȍ — șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ ȗȖȌȊȐȋ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ; șț-ȔȈȝȈȚ — ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȑ; ȚȈȗȈȝ — ȈșȒȍȏț. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕț, ȍȋȖ șȣȕ ǬȐȓȐȗȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȕȍ șȔȖȋ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȟȤ ǫȈȕȋț Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȘ. ǹȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ Ȑ Ȗȕ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓ șȔȍȘȚȤ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ, șȣȕ ǬȐȓȐȗȣ, ȎȍȓȈȧ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ǫȈȕȋț Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ, șȚȈȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ șțȘȖȊȣȍ ȈșȒȍȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȖȌȊȐȋȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȌȈȘȠȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȚȈȔ ȌȍȊȐ ȗȘȈșȈȕȕȈ ȊȈȘȈȌȈșȔȐ Țȍ ȐȚȑ țȒȚȈȝ șȊȈȔ ȈȉȝȐȗȘȈȑȈȔ ȠȈȠȈȔșȈȊȈȕȈȚȖ ȕȘȐȗȈȝ ȌȈȘȠȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ — ȧȊȐȓȈșȤ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȔț (ȞȈȘȦ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȍ); ȌȍȊȐ — ȔȈȚȤ-ǫȈȕȋȈ; ȗȘȈșȈȕȕȈ — ȊȍșȤȔȈ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȈȧ; ȊȈȘȈȌȈ ȈșȔȐ — (ȧ) ȌȈȦ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ; Țȍ — Țȍȉȍ; ȐȚȐ țȒȚȈȝ — ȚȈȒ ȉȣȓȖ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ; șȊȈȔ — șȊȖȍ; ȈȉȝȐȗȘȈȑȈȔ — ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ; ȠȈȠȈȔșȈ — ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ; ȈȊȈȕȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȒȓȖȕȍȕȕȣȑ; ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ (ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ). DzȈȒȖȍ-ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȗțșȚȧ ȔȈȚȤ-ǫȈȕȋȈ ȧȊȐȓȈșȤ ȞȈȘȦ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȍ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓȈ: «ȇ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȈ ȚȊȖȍȑ ȈșȒȍȏȖȑ Ȑ ȋȖȚȖȊȈ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȚȊȖȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ». ǻșȓȣȠȈȊ ȥȚȐ șȓȖȊȈ ǫȈȕȋȈȌȍȊȐ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐ-ǫȈȕȋȐ, ȞȈȘȤ șȒȓȖȕȐȓ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȍȑ ȋȖȓȖȊț Ȑ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ȍȑ Ȗ șȊȖȍȔ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǾȈȘȤ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȋȖȘȍȓȐ ȌȖȚȓȈ ȐȏȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓȐ ȕȍțȊȈȎȍȕȐȍ Ȓ DzȈȗȐȓȍ ǴțȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȒȖ 'ȗȐ ȌȝȈȘȈȑȐȚȈ ȊȍȋȈȔ 149


150 ȗȈȚȈȕȚȑȈ Ȕȍ ȔȈȝȐ-ȚȈȓȍ ȈȕȑȈȚȝȈ ȉȝț-ȚȈȓȈȔ ȉȝȐȚȚȊȈ ȕȘȐȗȈ ȑȈșȑȍ ȘȈșȈȚȈȓȈȔ ȒȈȝ — ȒȚȖ; ȈȗȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȌȝȈȘȈȑȐȚȈ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȊȣȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ; ȊȍȋȈȔ — ȕȈȗȖȘ (ȊȖȓȕ); ȗȈȚȈȕȚȑȈȝ — ȗȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ; Ȕȍ — ȔȖȐȝ; ȔȈȝȐ-ȚȈȓȍ — ȕȈ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȤ ǯȍȔȓȐ; ȈȕȑȈȚȝȈ — ȐȕȈȟȍ; ȉȝț-ȚȈȓȈȔ — ȏȍȔȕțȦ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȤ; ȉȝȐȚȚȊȈ — ȗȘȖȉȐȊ; ȕȘȐȗȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; ȑȈșȑȍ — țȑȌț; ȘȈșȈȚȈȓȈȔ — ȕȈ ǷȈȚȈȓț (Ȋ ȕȐȏȠȐȍ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ). ǴȈȚȤ-ǫȈȕȋȈ șȒȈȏȈȓȈ: DzȖȋȌȈ ȧ ȉțȌț ȗȈȌȈȚȤ ș ȕȍȉȍș ȕȈ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȤ ǯȍȔȓȐ, ȗȖȚȖȒ ȊȖȌȣ ȉțȌȍȚ ȕȍȐȔȖȊȍȘȕȖ șȐȓȍȕ. DzȚȖ șȔȖȎȍȚ țȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȕȈȗȖȘ? ǭșȓȐ ǯȍȔȓȧ ȕȍ ȊȣȌȍȘȎȐȚ, ȧ ȗȘȖȉȤȦ ȍȍ Ȑ țȗȈȌț ȕȈ ǸȈșȈȚȈȓț — Ȋ Țț ȟȈșȚȤ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȟȚȖ ȐȔȍȕțȍȚșȧ ǷȈȚȈȓȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȒȐȔ ȟȈȝȈȔ ȕȈ ȉȝțȊȈȔ ȑȈșȑȍ ȕȈȘȈ ȔȈȑȑ ȈȔȘȐȌȎȈȕȚȑ ȈȋȝȈȔ ȔȘȐȌȎȈȔȐ ȚȈȌ ȈȋȝȈȔ ȒȊȈȝȈȔ ȘȈȌȎȈȔș ȚȈȚȘȈ ȊȐȟȐȕȚȑȈȚȈȔ ȒȐȔ ȟȈ — Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȉȝțȊȈȔ — ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ; ȑȈșȑȍ — ȗȖȑȌț; ȕȈȘȈȝ — ȓȦȌȐ; ȔȈȑȐ — ȊȖ Ȕȕȍ (Ȋ ȔȖȐȝ ȊȖȌȈȝ); ȈȔȘȐȌȎȈȕȚȐ — șȔȣȊȈȦȚ; ȈȋȝȈȔ — ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȔȘȐȌȎȈȔȐ — șȔȣȊȈȦ; ȚȈȚ — Țȍ; ȈȋȝȈȔ — ȕȈȒȖȗȐȊȠȐȍșȧ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȋȘȍȝȈ; ȒȊȈ — ȋȌȍ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; ȚȈȚȘȈ — ȚȈȔ; ȊȐȟȐȕȚȑȈȚȈȔ — ȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȖȉȌțȔȈȕȖ Ȑ ȘȍȠȍȕȖ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, ȧ ȕȍ ȝȖȟț ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ ȍȡȍ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ, ȖȒțȕȈȧșȤ Ȋ ȔȖȐ ȊȖȌȣ, ȉțȌțȚ șȔȣȊȈȚȤ ș șȍȉȧ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ șȊȖȐȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȥȚȐ ȋȘȍȝȐ ȕȈȒȖȗȧȚșȧ ȊȖ Ȕȕȍ, ȒȈȒ ȧ șȔȖȋț ȖȚ ȕȐȝ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ? Ǻȣ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ ȗȖȌțȔȈȚȤ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: șȈȘȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈȕ ȗȈȘȐȚȑȈȌȎȑȈ ȔȈȔ ȥȒȈȔ ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȊȘȈȌȎȈ ȈȝȈȔ ȚȊȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȗȈȗȍȉȝȑȖ ȔȖȒȠȈȑȐȠȑȈȔȐ ȔȈ ȠțȟȈȝ «ǶșȚȈȊȤ Ȋșȍ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȑșȧ Ǵȕȍ. ȇ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȦ Țȍȉȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ ȚȊȖȐȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. ǵȍ ȉȖȑșȧ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ» (ǩ.-ȋ., 18.66). ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȏȈȉȘȈȚȤ Ȑ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȚȤ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȓȦȉȣȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ — ȗȈȊȐȚȘȈ, ȟȐșȚȣȑ, ȒȈȒ șȖȓȕȞȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȐȟȍȔ ȕȍ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȧȍȚșȧ. ǺȍȌȎȐȑȈșȈȔ ȕȈ ȌȖȠȈȑȈ ȊȈȝȕȍȝ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȌȎȖ ȑȈȚȝȈ (ǩȝȈȋ., 10.33.29). ǶȟȍȕȤ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȦ ȋȘȍȝȈ. ǵȖ ȏȌȍșȤ Ȕȣ ȊȐȌȐȔ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȚȤ-ǫȈȕȋȈ ȉȖȧȓȈșȤ ȗȍȘȍȗȖȓȕȐȚȤșȧ ȋȘȍȝȈȔȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȚȈȕțȚ ȖȔȣȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȍȍ ȊȖȌȈȝ. ȅȚȖ șȊȐȌȍȚȍȓȤșȚȊțȍȚ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȕȐȒȚȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȚȤ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ, ȒȈȒ șȊȖȐȝ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȟțȎȐȝ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȉȘȈȚȤ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȏȈ ȗȘȖȠȓȣȍ ȋȘȍȝȐ șȊȖȍȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȒȈ Ȑ șȚȘȈȌȈȚȤ ȖȚ ȕȐȝ, ȍșȓȐ ȕȍ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȚȖ ȖȚȟȈșȚȐ. 150


151 ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȒȈȎȌȣȑ țȟȍȕȐȒ, ȗȖȓțȟȐȊȠȐȑ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȍ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȚȡȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȐȏȉȍȋȈȚȤ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȑ. ǬțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȗȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȉȘȖȚȍ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ țȟȍȕȐȒȈ Ȑ ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȖ ȘȈșȗȓȈȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȏȈ ȍȋȖ ȋȘȍȝȐ, ȕȖ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȣȑ Ȓ ǹȊȖȍȔț șȓțȋȍ, țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ Ȑȝ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ Ȍȓȧ Țȍȝ șȓțȋ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȓȐ șȍȉȧ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȐ șȓȈȊȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǬȈȎȍ ȔȈȚȤ-ǫȈȕȋȈ ȉȖȧȓȈșȤ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ ȓȦȌșȒȐȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ Ȑ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȐȓȈșȤ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ȖȕȈ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȉȘȍȔȍȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 ȠȘȐ-ȉȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ țȊȈȟȈ șȈȌȝȈȊȖ ȕȑȈșȐȕȈȝ ȠȈȕȚȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȐȠȚȝȈ ȓȖȒȈ-ȗȈȊȈȕȈȝ ȝȈȘȈȕȚȑ ȈȋȝȈȔ Țȍ 'ȕȋȈ-șȈȕȋȈȚ ȚȍȠȊ ȈșȚȍ ȝȑ ȈȋȝȈ-ȉȝȐȌ ȌȝȈȘȐȝ ȠȘȐ-ȉȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ; șȈȌȝȈȊȈȝ — șȊȧȚȣȍ; ȕȑȈșȐȕȈȝ — șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ; ȠȈȕȚȈȝ — țȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȍ, șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȍ ȖȚ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȔȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȍȑ; ȉȘȈȝȔȐȠȚȝȈȝ — șȊȍȌțȡȐȍ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȘȍȋțȓȐȘțȦȡȐȔ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ; ȓȖȒȈ-ȗȈȊȈȕȈȝ — șȗȈșȐȚȍȓȐ ȗȈȌȠȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȝȈȘȈȕȚȐ — țșȚȘȈȕȧȦȚ; ȈȋȝȈȔ — ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȋȘȍȝȈ; Țȍ — Ȓ Țȍȉȍ (ȔȈȚȍȘȐ-ǫȈȕȋȍ); ȈȕȋȈ-șȈȕȋȈȚ — ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȦ ȚȍȓȖȔ (ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȒțȗȈȕȐȦ Ȋ ǫȈȕȋȍ); ȚȍȠț — Ȋ ȕȐȝ; ȈșȚȍ — ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ; ȝȐ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȈȋȝȈ-ȉȝȐȚ — țșȚȘȈȕȧȦȡȐȑ Ȋșȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȋȘȍȝȈ (ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ); ȝȈȘȐȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: DzȚȖ ȖȉȘȍȓ șȊȧȚȖșȚȤ șȐȓȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț șȚȈȓ ȖȚȘȍȠȍȕ ȖȚ ȔȐȘȈ Ȑ șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, ȒȚȖ ȟȐșȚ Ȋ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȚȡȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔ ǪȍȌ, ȚȖȚ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȊȍȌȍȚ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕțȦ, ȟȐșȚțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȑ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȈȌȠȐȝ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȉțȌțȚ ȖȔȣȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȚȊȖȐȝ ȊȖȌȈȝ, ȕȈȒȖȗȐȊȠȐȍșȧ ȚȈȔ ȋȘȍȝȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȉțȌțȚ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȣ, ȐȉȖ ȥȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȝȘȈȕȧȚ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȖȋȖ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȚȤ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȓȦȉȣȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȊȖȌȈȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ-ǫȈȕȋȐ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȔȣȚȤșȧ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȓ ȍȍ ȉȍȘȍȋȈȔ ȉțȌțȚ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒȐ. Ǫ ǽȈȘȌȊȈȘȍ Ȑ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȐȝ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȔȍșȚȈȝ, ȋȌȍ ȗȘȖȚȍȒȈȍȚ ǫȈȕȋȈ, Ȋ ȍȍ ȊȖȌȈȝ ȉțȌțȚ ȖȔȣȊȈȚȤșȧ șȊȧȚȣȍ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ șȊȧȚȣȍ, ȖȚȘȍȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȖȚ ȔȐȘȈ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȌȈȎȍ ǫȈȕȋț. ǺȐȘȚȝȐ- ȒțȘȊȈȕȚȐ ȚȐȘȚȝȈȕȐ șȊȈȕȚȈȝ-șȚȝȍȕȈ ȋȈȌȈȉȝȘȐȚȈ (ǩȝȈȋ., 1.13.10). ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț șȊȧȚȖȑ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȝȘȈȕȐȚ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤ șȊȧȚȣȍ ȔȍșȚȈ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȓȦȌȧȔ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȚȈȒȐȔ șȊȧȚȣȔ. ǫȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, țȊȐȌȍȊ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ ȐȓȐ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȘȈȏț ȊȣȘȈȏȐȚȤ ȍȔț ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ. ǭșȓȐ Ȏȍ ȒȚȖ-ȚȖ ȏȈȉțȌȍȚ ȥȚȖ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ, ȍȔț ȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ ȌȍȕȤ ȗȖșȚȐȚȤșȧ. ǺȈȒȖȊȖ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ. ǵțȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȒȘȈȑȕȍ ȖșȚȖȘȖȎȕȣȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ. Ǭȓȧ ȐșȒțȗȓȍȕȐȧ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȔȍȚȖȌȣ ȗȘȈȧȠȟȐȚȚȣ, ȕȖ Ȑȝ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȍȋȖ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ. ǷȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤșȧ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȋ șȊȧȏȐ ș ȐșȚȖȘȐȍȑ ǨȌȎȈȔȐȓȣ: ȒȍȟȐȚ ȒȍȊȈȓȈȑȈ ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ 151


152 ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ-ȗȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȝ ȈȋȝȈȔ ȌȝțȕȊȈȕȚȐ ȒȈȘȚșȕȑȍȕȈ ȕȐȝȈȘȈȔ ȐȊȈ ȉȝȈșȒȈȘȈȝ «dzȐȠȤ Țȍ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȐȍ, ȒȚȖ ȉȍȏȘȈȏȌȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȓ șȍȉȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȔȖȋțȚ ș ȒȖȘȕȍȔ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤ șȖȘȕȧȒ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȍ ȉȖȧȚȤșȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ șȕȖȊȈ ȌȈșȚ ȘȖșȚȒȐ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȐșȒȖȘȍȕȧȍȚ ȋȘȍȝ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȉȣșȚȘȖ, ȒȈȒ șȖȓȕȍȟȕȣȍ ȓțȟȐ ȘȈșșȍȐȊȈȦȚ ȚțȔȈȕ» (ǩȝȈȋ., 6.1.15). ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȏȈȡȐȚȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍ ȍȔț șȓțȎȐȚ, ȚȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȍ Ȗȕ ȕȍȗȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚșȧ ȖȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ Ȋșȍȝ șȊȖȐȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȌȝȈȘȈȑȐȠȑȈȚȐ Țȍ ȊȍȋȈȔ ȘțȌȘȈș ȚȊ ȈȚȔȈ ȠȈȘȐȘȐȕȈȔ ȑȈșȔȐȕȕ ȖȚȈȔ ȐȌȈȔ ȗȘȖȚȈȔ ȊȐȠȊȈȔ ȠȈȚȐȊȈ ȚȈȕȚțȠț ȌȝȈȘȈȑȐȠȑȈȚȐ — ȉțȌȍȚ țȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȚȤ; Țȍ — ȚȊȖȑ; ȊȍȋȈȔ — ȕȈȗȖȘ ȊȖȌȣ; ȘțȌȘȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ; Țț — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȈȚȔȈ — ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ; ȠȈȘȐȘȐȕȈȔ — ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȕȣȝ ȌțȠ; ȑȈșȔȐȕ — Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ; ȖȚȈȔ — ȊȌȖȓȤ; ȐȌȈȔ — ȥȚȈ; ȗȘȖȚȈȔ — ȗȖȗȍȘȍȒ; ȊȐȠȊȈȔ — ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȈȧ; ȠȈȚȐ — ȚȒȈȕȤ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȚȈȕȚțȠț — Ȋ ȕȐȚȧȝ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȚȒȈȕȐ, șȖȚȒȈȕȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȤȕȣȝ Ȑ ȗȖȗȍȘȍȟȕȣȝ ȕȐȚȍȑ, ȥȚȈ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȊȌȖȓȤ Ȑ ȗȖȗȍȘȍȒ ȗȘȖȕȐȏȈȕȈ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠț, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡțȦ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȈȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȕȣȝ ȌțȠ. Ƕȕ șȔȖȎȍȚ țȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ ȚȊȖȐ ȔȖȋțȟȐȍ ȊȖȌȣ ȕȈ șȊȖȍȑ ȋȖȓȖȊȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǾȈȘȤ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȖȌȣ ǫȈȕȋȐ ȕȐșȗȈȌȈȓȐ ȕȈ ȋȖȓȖȊț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊȣ. ȀȐȊȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚ ȊșȦ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ. Ǫ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șȈȔȝȐȚȍ» (5.45) Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ ȀȐȊȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȍ: ȒȠȐȘȈȔ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȌȈȌȝȐ ȊȐȒȈȘȈ-ȊȐȠȍȠȈ-ȑȖȋȈȚ șȈȕȌȎȈȑȈȚȍ ȕȈ ȝȐ ȚȈȚȈȝ ȗȘȐȚȝȈȋ ȈșȚȐ ȝȍȚȖȝ ȑȈȝ ȠȈȔȉȝțȚȈȔ ȈȗȐ ȚȈȚȝȈ șȈȔțȗȈȐȚȐ ȒȈȘȑȈȌ ȋȖȊȐȕȌȈȔ ȈȌȐ-ȗțȘțȠȈȔ ȚȈȔ ȈȝȈȔ ȉȝȈȌȎȈȔȐ «ǴȖȓȖȒȖ ȗȘȐ șȔȍȠȐȊȈȕȐȐ ș ȏȈȒȊȈșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȖșȚȖȒȊȈȠț, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ, ȗȖ șțȚȐ, ȚȍȔ Ȏȍ ȔȖȓȖȒȖȔ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, ǫȖȊȐȕȌȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȖȉȓȐȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊȣ ș ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȤȦ — ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȦ Ȋ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ. ȇ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǫȖȊȐȕȌȣ». ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ — ȥȚȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ Ȋ ȚȖȔ Ȏȍ șȔȣșȓȍ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȚȖȒȊȈȠȈ — ȥȚȖ ȔȖȓȖȒȖ, ȝȖȚȧ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ș ȥȚȐȔ ȖȕȈ ȔȖȓȖȒȖȔ Ȑ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȦȚ ȚȘȐ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ — ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ǪȐȠȕț Ȑ ǴȈȝȍȠȊȈȘȈ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ). ȀȐȊȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǪȐȠȕț, ȖȓȐȞȍȚȊȖȘȧȦȡȐȔ ȋțȕț ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. ǪȍșȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȖșȕȖȊȕȖȔ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȥȚȖȑ ȋțȕȣ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊț ȏȌȍșȤ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȦȚ ș ȕȐȚȧȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȊȌȖȓȤ Ȑ ȗȖȗȍȘȍȒ ȗȘȖȕȐȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȚȒȈȕȤ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. 152


153 ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȐȚȑ țȒȚȊȈ șȈ ȕȘȐȗȖ ȌȍȊȈȔ ȚȈȗȈșȈȚȖȠȈȑȈȟ ȟȝȐȊȈȔ ȒȈȓȍȕȈȓȗȐȑȈșȈ ȘȈȌȎȈȔș ȚȈșȑȍȠȈȠ ȟȈȠȊ ȈȚțȠȑȈȚȈ ȐȚȐ țȒȚȊȈ — șȒȈȏȈȊ ȚȈȒ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ; ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ (ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ); ȌȍȊȈȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊț; ȚȈȗȈșȈ — ȈșȒȍȏȖȑ; ȈȚȖȠȈȑȈȚ — țȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȓ; ȠȐȊȈȔ — ȊșȍȉȓȈȋȖȋȖ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊț); ȒȈȓȍȕȈ — șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ; ȈȓȗȐȑȈșȈ — ȕȍȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȐ); ȐȠȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ; ȟȈ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȈȠț — ȖȟȍȕȤ șȒȖȘȖ; ȈȚțȠȑȈȚȈ — ȉȣȓ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕ. ǹȒȈȏȈȊ ȥȚȖ, ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȈșȒȍȏț Ȑ țȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȐȓ ȍȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊț. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȖȟȍȕȤ șȒȖȘȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ șȚȈȓ ȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȓȖȊȈ ȈȠȊ ȈȚțȠȑȈȚȈ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȉȣȓ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȉȣșȚȘȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǭȋȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ǨȠțȚȖȠȍȑ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉȣșȚȘȖ ȌȈȘȐȚ șȊȖȐ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȧ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț, ȕȍ ȏȈȌțȔȣȊȈȧșȤ ȕȈȌ ȚȍȔ, Ȓ ȟȍȔț șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ Ȑ ȖȚ ȟȍȋȖ șȚȘȈȌȈȦȚ. ǽȖȚȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȣ ȏȕȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ — ȥȚȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȖȉȖȘȖȚȕȈȧ șȚȖȘȖȕȈ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, ȖȕȐ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ șȟȈșȚȤȧ Ȑ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȉȣșȚȘȍȍ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ. DzȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ-ǬțȘȋȍ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȟȈșȚȤȧ, ȐȉȖ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ Ȗ ȕȍȔ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȦȚ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț șȟȈșȚȤȦ, ȍȔț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȐșȒȈȚȤ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț. Ƕȉ ȥȚȖȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ: șȈȘȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈȕ ȗȈȘȐȚȑȈȌȎȑȈ ȔȈȔ ȥȒȈȔ ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȊȘȈȌȎȈ ȈȝȈȔ ȚȊȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȗȈȗȍȉȝȑȖ ȔȖȒȠȈȑȐȠȑȈȔȐ ȔȈ ȠțȟȈȝ «ǶșȚȈȊȤ Ȋșȍ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȑșȧ Ǵȕȍ. ȇ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȦ Țȍȉȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ ȚȊȖȐȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. ǵȍ ȉȖȑșȧ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ» (ǩ.-ȋ., 18.66). ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȚȈȚȝȍȚȐ ȘȈȌȎȕȈȉȝȐȝȐȚȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȓȖȒȈ-ȝȐȚȈȝ ȠȐȊȈȝ ȌȈȌȝȈȘȈȊȈȝȐȚȖ ȋȈȕȋȈȔ ȗȈȌȈ-ȗțȚȈ-ȌȎȈȓȈȔ ȝȈȘȍȝ ȚȈȚȝȈ — (ȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ) ȚȈȒ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȘȈȌȎȕȈ ȈȉȝȐȝȐȚȈȔ — șȒȈȏȈȕȖ ȞȈȘȍȔ (ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȖȑ); șȈȘȊȈ-ȓȖȒȈ-ȝȐȚȈȝ — ȉȓȈȋȖȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȑ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ (dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ); ȠȐȊȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ; ȌȈȌȝȈȘȈ — țȌȍȘȎȈȓ; ȈȊȈȝȐȚȈȝ — ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ; ȋȈȕȋȈȔ — ǫȈȕȋț; ȗȈȌȈ-ȗțȚȈ-ȌȎȈȓȈȔ ȝȈȘȍȝ — Țț, ȟȤȐ ȊȖȌȣ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖ ȟȐșȚȣ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȗȘȖȐșȚȍȒȈȦȚ ȖȚ ȗȈȓȤȞȍȊ ȕȖȋ ǪȐȠȕț, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. 153


154 DzȖȋȌȈ ȞȈȘȤ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ, ȖȉȘȈȚȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ, ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ ȔȖȋțȟȐȍ ȊȖȌȣ ǫȈȕȋȐ, ȚȖȚ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓșȧ Ȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǩțȌȤ ȗȖ-ȚȊȖȍȔț». ǹ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȔ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȐȐ șȚȈȓ ȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȋȖȓȖȊȍ ǫȈȕȋț, ȟȤȐ ȊȖȌȣ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȖȟȐȡȈȦȡȍȑ șȐȓȖȑ, ȐȉȖ ȉȍȘțȚ ȕȈȟȈȓȖ șȖ șȚȖȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȉȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈȝ șȈ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐȘ ȕȐȕȑȍ ȉȝțȊȈȕȈ-ȗȈȊȈȕȐȔ ȑȈȚȘȈ șȊȈ-ȗȐȚȘȐȐȕȈȔ ȌȍȝȈ ȉȝȈșȔȐȉȝțȚȈȝ șȔȈ ȠȍȘȈȚȍ ȉȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ; șȈȝ — ȚȖȚ; ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȘȐȠȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ șȊȧȚȖȑ ȞȈȘȤ; ȕȐȕȑȍ — ȗȘȐȊȍȓ; ȉȝțȊȈȕȈ-ȗȈȊȈȕȐȔ — șȗȖșȖȉȕțȦ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤ ȊșȦ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ (ȔȈȚȤǫȈȕȋț); ȑȈȚȘȈ — ȋȌȍ; șȊȈ-ȗȐȚȘȐȐȕȈȔ — ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ; ȌȍȝȈȝ — ȚȍȓȈ; ȉȝȈșȔȐȉȝțȚȈȝ — șȖȎȎȍȕȕȣȍ ȌȖȚȓȈ; șȔȈ ȠȍȘȈȚȍ — ȓȍȎȈȓȐ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ Ȑ șȊȧȚȖȑ ȞȈȘȤ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȓ ǫȈȕȋț, șȗȖșȖȉȕțȦ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ, Ȋ ȚȖ șȈȔȖȍ ȔȍșȚȖ, ȋȌȍ ȓȍȎȈȓȐ ȚȍȓȈ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ, ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋ ȋȘțȌț ȗȍȗȓȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȘȈȚȝȍȕȈ ȊȈȑț-ȊȍȋȍȕȈ ȗȘȈȑȈȕȚȈȔ ȈȕțȌȝȈȊȈȚȐ ȌȍȠȈȕ ȗțȕȈȕȚȐ ȕȐȘȌȈȋȌȝȈȕ ȈșȐȕȟȈȚ șȈȋȈȘȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȕ ȘȈȚȝȍȕȈ — ȕȈ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȍ; ȊȈȑț-ȊȍȋȍȕȈ — șȖ șȒȖȘȖșȚȤȦ ȊȍȚȘȈ; ȗȘȈȑȈȕȚȈȔ — ȍȌțȡȍȔț ȊȗȍȘȍȌȐ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȍ); ȈȕțȌȝȈȊȈȚȐ — ȉȍȋțȡȐȍ ȊșȓȍȌ; ȌȍȠȈȕ — șȚȘȈȕȣ; ȗțȕȈȕȚȐ — ȖșȊȧȡȈȦȡȈȧ; ȕȐȘȌȈȋȌȝȈȕ — șȖȎȎȍȕȕȣȝ ȌȖȚȓȈ; ȈșȐȕȟȈȚ — ȖȒȘȖȗȐȓȈ; șȈȋȈȘȈ-ȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȕ — șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ. ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈ ȊȏȖȠȍȓ ȕȈ ȉȣșȚȘțȦ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞț Ȑ ȗȖȔȟȈȓșȧ ȊȗȍȘȍȌȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ-ǫȈȕȋȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȈ ȏȈ ȕȐȔ, ȖȟȐȡȈȧ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ șȚȘȈȕȣ, ȗȖȒȈ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋȓȐ ȔȍșȚȈ, ȋȌȍ ȓȍȎȈȓ ȗȍȗȍȓ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȐ, șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ. ǺȈȒ ȊȖȌȣ ǫȈȕȋȐ ȒȖșȕțȓȐșȤ Ȑȝ șȋȖȘȍȊȠȐȝ Țȍȓ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȑȈȌȎ-ȌȎȈȓȈ-șȗȈȘȠȈ-ȔȈȚȘȍȕȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȌȈȕȌȈ-ȝȈȚȈ ȈȗȐ șȈȋȈȘȈȚȔȈȌȎȈ ȌȐȊȈȔ ȌȎȈȋȔțȝ ȒȍȊȈȓȈȔ ȌȍȝȈ-ȉȝȈșȔȈȉȝȐȝ ȑȈȚ-ȌȎȈȓȈ — ȚȖȑ ȊȖȌȣ; șȗȈȘȠȈ-ȔȈȚȘȍȕȈ — ȓȐȠȤ ȒȈșȈȕȐȍȔ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȌȈȕȌȈ-ȝȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȣȍ ȏȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓȐ ȉȘȈȝȔț (șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȌțȠț); ȈȗȐ — ȝȖȚȧ; șȈȋȈȘȈȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ — șȣȕȣ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ; ȌȐȊȈȔ — Ȓ ȘȈȑșȒȐȔ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȔ; ȌȎȈȋȔțȝ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓȐșȤ; ȒȍȊȈȓȈȔ — ȚȖȓȤȒȖ; ȌȍȝȈ-ȉȝȈșȔȈȉȝȐȝ — ȖșȚȈȚȒȈȔȐ ȗȍȗȓȈ ȖȚ Ȑȝ șȗȈȓȍȕȕȣȝ Țȍȓ. 154


155 ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȓȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ, ȖȋȖȕȤ Ȋ Ȑȝ ȚȍȓȈȝ ȚȈȒ ȘȈȏȋȖȘȍȓșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȐșȗȍȗȍȓȐȓ Ȑȝ ȌȖȚȓȈ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ, ȍȌȊȈ șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕțȊȠȐșȤ ș ȊȖȌȖȑ ǫȈȕȋȐ, Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȖȉȘȍȓȐ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚ ȊȖȌț ȔȈȚȍȘȐ-ǫȈȕȋȐ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ȍȑ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴȈȚȍȘȐ-ǫȈȕȋȍ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ, ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȧ ȍȍ Ȏȍ ȊȖȌț: ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȉȍȘȍȚ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȌȣ Ȑȏ ǫȈȕȋȐ Ȑ ȗȖȌȕȖșȐȚ ȍȍ ȥȚȖȑ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȑ ȘȍȒȍ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȉȍȘȍȚ ȥȚț ȊȖȌț, ȔȈȚȤ-ǫȈȕȋȈ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȚȍȘȧȍȚ, Ȉ ȒȖȋȌȈ, ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȊ, Ȗȕ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȍȚ ȍȍ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ, ȊȖȌȣ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ-ǫȈȕȋȐ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȉȣȊȈȍȚ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ, ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȉȓȈȋȖ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ș ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȍȚ ǭȔț ȗȈȚȘȈȔ ȗțȠȗȈȔ ȗȝȈȓȈȔ ȚȖȑȈȔ — ȓȐșȚ, ȞȊȍȚȖȒ, ȗȓȖȌ ȐȓȐ ȊȖȌț. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȖ Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț Ƕȕ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȚȍȘȧȍȚ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ. ǵȈȔ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȔȍȚȖȌȖȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ: șȓȍȌțȧ ȍȔț, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȚȍȘȧȍȚ, ȕȖ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȉȓȈȋȖșȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȉȝȈșȔȐȉȝțȚȈȕȋȈ-șȈȕȋȍȕȈ șȊȈȘ ȑȈȚȈȝ șȈȋȈȘȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ ȒȐȔ ȗțȕȈȝ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȑȈ ȌȍȊȐȔ șȍȊȈȕȚȍ ȑȍ ȌȝȘȐȚȈ-ȊȘȈȚȈȝ ȉȝȈșȔȐȉȝțȚȈ-ȈȕȋȈ — șȖȎȎȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȌȖȚȓȈ ȚȍȓȈȔȐ; șȈȕȋȍȕȈ — șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȍȔ (ș ȊȖȌȈȔȐ ǫȈȕȋȐ); șȊȈȝ ȑȈȚȈȝ — țȠȍȌȠȐȍ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ; șȈȋȈȘȈ-ȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ — șȣȕȣ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ; ȒȐȔ — ȟȚȖ Ȏȍ; ȗțȕȈȝ — șȕȖȊȈ; ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȑȈ — ș ȊȍȘȖȑ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȌȍȊȐȔ — ȔȈȚȍȘȐ-ǫȈȕȋȍ; șȍȊȈȕȚȍ — ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ; ȑȍ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ; ȌȝȘȐȚȈ-ȊȘȈȚȈȝ — ȚȊȍȘȌȣȍ Ȋ ȖȉȍȚȈȝ. ǹȚȖȐȓȖ ȊȖȌȈȔ ǫȈȕȋȐ ȒȖșȕțȚȤșȧ șȋȖȘȍȊȠȐȝ Țȍȓ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ, ȒȈȒ ȞȈȘȍȊȐȟȐ ȊȖȏȕȍșȓȐșȤ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ, șȓȍȌțȧ șȚȘȖȋȐȔ ȖȉȍȚȈȔ, ș ȊȍȘȖȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ-ǫȈȕȋȍ? ǴȖȎȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȖȖȉȘȈȏȐȚȤ, ȒȈȒȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȚ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȕȈ ȝȑ ȥȚȈȚ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȈȠȟȈȘȑȈȔ șȊȈȘȌȝțȕȑȈ ȑȈȌ ȐȝȖȌȐȚȈȔ ȈȕȈȕȚȈ-ȟȈȘȈȕȈȔȉȝȖȌȎȈ ȗȘȈșțȚȈȑȈ ȉȝȈȊȈ-ȟȟȝȐȌȈȝ ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȝȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖ; ȗȈȘȈȔ — ȊȣșȠȍȍ; ȈȠȟȈȘȑȈȔ — ȟțȌȖ; șȊȈȘȌȝțȕȑȈȝ — ȊȖȌ ǫȈȕȋȐ; ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ; ȐȝȈ — ȏȌȍșȤ; țȌȐȚȈȔ — ȖȗȐșȈȕȖ; ȈȕȈȕȚȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȟȈȘȈȕȈ-ȈȔȉȝȖȌȎȈ — ȖȚ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ; ȗȘȈșțȚȈȑȈȝ — ȐșȝȖȌȧȡȐȝ; ȉȝȈȊȈ-ȟȝȐȌȈȝ — șȗȈșȈȦȡȐȝ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȔȈȚȤ-ǫȈȕȋȈ ȉȍȘȍȚ ȕȈȟȈȓȖ Ȑȏ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȋȖ ȓȖȚȖșț ȗȈȓȤȞȈ ȕȈ șȚȖȗȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǨȕȈȕȚȈȌȍȊȣ, ȖȕȈ șȗȖșȖȉȕȈ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȌțȠț ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ Ȗ ȕȍȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȐ, ȊȖȊșȍ ȕȍ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ. 155


156 DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǰ Ȋ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ ȘȍȋțȓȧȘȕȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ-ǫȈȕȋȍ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȖȔȣȊȈȧșȤ Ȋ ȍȍ ȊȖȌȈȝ, șȖȝȘȈȕȧȍȚ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȍ ȏȌȖȘȖȊȤȍ Ȑ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǺȈȒ ȊȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȚ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȊȖȌȈȝ ǫȈȕȋȐ. ǶȔȣȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȕȍȑ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȦȚ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȥȚȖȔț șȖȊȍȚț, ȕȍȗȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ Ȋșȍȝ șȊȖȐȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. ǷȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ ȚȖȔț șȓțȎȐȚ șțȌȤȉȈ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǹȈȋȈȘȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȊȖȏȕȍșȓȐșȤ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ ȓȐȠȤ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȊȖȌȈ ǫȈȕȋȐ ȒȖșȕțȓȈșȤ Ȑȝ șȖȎȎȍȕȕȣȝ Țȍȓ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 șȈȕȕȐȊȍȠȑȈ ȔȈȕȖ ȑȈșȔȐȕ ȟȝȘȈȌȌȝȈȑȈ ȔțȕȈȑȖ 'ȔȈȓȈȝ ȚȘȈȐȋțȕȑȈȔ ȌțșȚȑȈȌȎȈȔ ȝȐȚȊȈ șȈȌȑȖ ȑȈȚȈș ȚȈȌ-ȈȚȔȈȚȈȔ șȈȕȕȐȊȍȠȑȈ — șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȊ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ; ȔȈȕȈȝ — țȔ; ȑȈșȔȐȕ — ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ; ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȑȈ — ș ȊȍȘȖȑ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ șȊȧȚȣȍ; ȈȔȈȓȈȝ — ȟȐșȚȣȍ Ȑ ȉȍȏȋȘȍȠȕȣȍ; ȚȘȈȐȋțȕȑȈȔ — ȚȘȐ ȋțȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȌțșȚȑȈȌȎȈȔ — ȚȘțȌȕȖȗȘȍȖȌȖȓȐȔȣȍ; ȝȐȚȊȈ — ȗȘȍȖȌȖȓȍȊ; șȈȌȑȈȝ — ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȕȖ; ȑȈȚȈȝ — ȖȉȘȍȚȈȦȚ; ȚȈȚ- ȈȚȔȈȚȈȔ — ǭȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȍ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȦȚ Ȋșȍ șȊȖȐ ȔȣșȓȐ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǶȕȐ ȉȍȏ ȚȘțȌȈ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȒȖȊ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȦȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ, ȖȉȘȍȚȈȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȗȘȐșțȡȐȍ ǹȈȔȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 16 - 17 ȠȘțȚȖ ȉȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈȌȎ ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ ȚȈșȑȈ ȕȈȉȝȖ 'ȗȈȘȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȚ șȐȕȌȝțȌȊȐȗȈș ȚȈȚȈș ȚȈșȔȈȌ ȈȑțȚȈȑțș ȚȈȚȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȘȐȚțȗȈȘȕȖ ȕȈȓȈ-șȈȒȝȖ ȑȖ 'ȠȊȈ-ȊȐȌȑȈȔ ȈȑȈȕ ȕȈȓȈȚ ȌȈȚȚȊȈȒȠȈ-ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ ȟȈșȔȈȐ șȈȘȊȈȒȈȔȈș Țț ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȔ ȠȘțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȀȘțȚȈ; ȉȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȈȚ — ȖȚ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȐ; ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ȀȘțȚȣ); ȕȈȉȝȈȝ — ǵȈȉȝȈ; ȈȗȈȘȈȝ — ȌȘțȋȖȑ (ȕȍ ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȉȣȓ ȖȗȐșȈȕ); ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; șȐȕȌȝțȌȊȐȗȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹȐȕȌȝțȌȊȐȗȈ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ȖȚ ǵȈȉȝȐ); ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ȖȚ ǹȐȕȌȝțȌȊȐȗȣ); ȈȑțȚȈȑțȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȦȚȈȦ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ; ȘȐȚțȗȈȘȕȈȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǸȐȚțȗȈȘȕȈ; ȕȈȓȈ-șȈȒȝȈȝ — ȌȘțȋ ǵȈȓȣ; ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȈȠȊȈ-ȊȐȌȑȈȔ — ȐșȒțșșȚȊȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ ȓȖȠȈȌȤȔȐ; ȈȑȈȚ — ȖȉȘȍȓ; ȕȈȓȈȚ — ȖȚ ǵȈȓȣ; ȌȈȚȚȊȈ — ȌȈȊ ȊȏȈȔȍȕ; ȈȒȠȈȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ — ȐșȒțșșȚȊȖ ȐȋȘȣ Ȋ ȒȖșȚȐ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈșȔȈȐ — ȍȔț (ǵȈȓȍ); șȈȘȊȈȒȈȔȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹȈȘȊȈȒȈȔȈ; Țț — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȚȈȚ-șțȚȈȔ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ (șȣȕ ǸȐȚțȗȈȘȕȣ). 156


157 ǻ ǩȝȈȋȐȘȈȚȝȐ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȀȘțȚȈ, Ȉ ț ȀȘțȚȣ — șȣȕ ǵȈȉȝȈ. ȅȚȖ ȕȍ ȚȖȚ ǵȈȉȝȈ, Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ ȘȈȕȤȠȍ. ǵȈȉȝȈ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȓ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ șȣȕȈ ǹȐȕȌȝțȌȊȐȗț, Ȉ ǹȐȕȌȝțȌȊȐȗȈ — ǨȦȚȈȦ, ǨȦȚȈȦ — ǸȐȚțȗȈȘȕț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȚȈȓ ȌȘțȋȖȔ ǵȈȓȈȘȈȌȎȐ. ǸȐȚțȗȈȘȕȈ ȕȈțȟȐȓ ǵȈȓȈȘȈȌȎț ȐșȒțșșȚȊț ȐȋȘȣ Ȋ ȒȖșȚȐ, Ȉ ǵȈȓȈȘȈȌȎȈ ȗȘȍȗȖȌȈȓ ǸȐȚțȗȈȘȕȍ ȕȈțȒț țȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȓȖȠȈȌȤȔȐ Ȑ Ȑȝ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǸȐȚțȗȈȘȕȣ ȉȣȓ ǹȈȘȊȈȒȈȔȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǰȋȘȈ Ȋ ȒȖșȚȐ — ȚȖȎȍ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȖ, Ȑ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧȔ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȈȓȖșȤ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȚȤ Ȋ ȕȍȔ șȊȖȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȐ. ǷȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ǷȈȕȌȈȊȣ, ȗȘȐȕȧȊ țȟȈșȚȐȍ Ȋ ȈȏȈȘȚȕȖȑ ȐȋȘȍ, ȓȐȠȐȓȐșȤ ȊșȍȋȖ — ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ, Ȏȍȕȣ, șȍȔȍȑ Ȑ ȌȖȔȖȊ, — ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȕȍ țȔȍȓȐ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȐȋȘȈȚȤ. ǰȕȣȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȕȍȖȉȧȏȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȐșȒțȠȍȕȕȣȔ Ȋ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ ȌȍȓȈȝ. Ǫ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ — ȕȍ ȓțȟȠȍȍ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ Ȍȓȧ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȓȐȠȤ ȚȖȑ ȍȌȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ Ȗȕ ȗȖȓțȟȈȍȚ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȗȘȈșȈȌȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ƕȕ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȟȐșȚȣȔ, ȐȉȖ ȕȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ: ȕȍ țȟȈșȚȊțȍȚ Ȋ ȈȏȈȘȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ, ȕȍ țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȧȍȚ ȖȌțȘȔȈȕȐȊȈȦȡȐȝ șȘȍȌșȚȊ Ȑ ȔȧșȕȖȑ ȗȐȡȐ Ȑ ȕȍ ȊșȚțȗȈȍȚ Ȋ ȕȍȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȓȖȊȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȚȈȚȈȝ șțȌȈșȈș ȚȈȚ-ȗțȚȘȖ ȌȈȔȈȑȈȕȚȐ-ȗȈȚȐȘ ȕȘȐȗȈȝ ȈȝțȘ ȔȐȚȘȈșȈȝȈȔ ȑȈȔ ȊȈȐ ȒȈȓȔȈȠȈȕȋȝȘȐȔ țȚȈ ȒȊȈȟȐȚ ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈ-ȠȈȗȈȌ ȘȈȒȠȖ 'ȉȝțȌ ȈȕȈȗȈȚȑȈȝ șȊȈ-ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈ ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ǹȈȘȊȈȒȈȔȣ); șțȌȈșȈȝ — ǹțȌȈșȈ; ȚȈȚ-ȗțȚȘȈȝ — ȍȋȖ șȣȕ; ȌȈȔȈȑȈȕȚȐ-ȗȈȚȐȝ — ȔțȎ ǬȈȔȈȧȕȚȐ; ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ; Ȉȝțȝ — ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ; ȔȐȚȘȈșȈȝȈȔ — ȒȈȒ ǴȐȚȘȈșȈȝț; ȑȈȔ ȊȈȐ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȒȈȓȔȈȠȈȕȋȝȘȐȔ — ȒȈȒ DzȈȓȔȈȠȈȗȈȌț; țȚȈ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ (ȏȕȈȦȚ); ȒȊȈȟȐȚ — ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ; ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈ-ȠȈȗȈȚ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȧ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȐ; ȘȈȒȠȈȝ — ȓȦȌȖȍȌ; ȈȉȝțȚ — șȚȈȓ; ȈȕȈȗȈȚȑȈȝ — ȉȍȏȌȍȚȕȣȑ; șȊȈ-ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȈ. ǻ ǹȈȘȊȈȒȈȔȣ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹțȌȈșȈ, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕ, ǹȈțȌȈșȈ, șȚȈȓ ȔțȎȍȔ ǬȈȔȈȧȕȚȐ. ǹȈțȌȈșț ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ǴȐȚȘȈșȈȝȖȑ ȐȓȐ DzȈȓȔȈȠȈȗȈȌȖȑ. ǰȏ-ȏȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖșȚțȗȒȈ ǴȐȚȘȈșȈȝȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȋ ȏȈȟȈȚȤ șȣȕȈ Ȑ ȕȈȊȓȍȒ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȓȦȌȖȍȌȈ [ȘȈȒȠȈșȈ]. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȠȘȐ-ȘȈȌȎȖȊȈȟȈ ȒȐȔ ȕȐȔȐȚȚȖ ȋțȘȖȝ ȠȈȗȈȝ șȈțȌȈșȈșȑȈ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȥȚȈȌ ȊȍȌȐȚțȔ ȐȟȟȝȈȔȈȝ ȒȈȚȝȑȈȚȈȔ ȕȈ ȘȈȝȖ ȑȈȌȐ ȠȘȐ-ȘȈȌȎȈ țȊȈȟȈ — ǾȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȒȐȔ ȕȐȔȐȚȚȈȝ — ȗȖ ȒȈȒȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ; ȋțȘȖȝ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ; ȠȈȗȈȝ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ; șȈțȌȈșȈșȑȈ — ǹȈțȌȈșȣ; ȔȈȝȈ157


158 ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȌțȠȐ; ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖ; ȊȍȌȐȚțȔ — ȏȕȈȚȤ; ȐȟȟȝȈȔȈȝ — ȝȖȟț; ȒȈȚȝȑȈȚȈȔ — ȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕȖ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȘȈȝȈȝ — ȚȈȑȕȈ; ȑȈȌȐ — ȍșȓȐ. ǾȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ƕ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȗȖȟȍȔț ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ, ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ǹȈțȌȈșȣ, ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓ ȥȚț ȊȍȓȐȒțȦ ȌțȠț? ȇ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȉȣ țȏȕȈȚȤ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ. ǭșȓȐ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ șȍȒȘȍȚ, ȘȈșșȒȈȎȐ, ȗȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȍȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 20 - 21 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ șȈțȌȈșȖ ȔȘȐȋȈȑȈȔ ȒȐȕȟȐȟ ȟȈȘȈȕ ȘȈȒȠȖ ȌȎȈȋȝȈȕȈ ȝȈ ȔțȔȖȟȈ ȉȝȘȈȚȈȘȈȔ șȖ 'ȚȝȈ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȚȐȟȐȒȐȘȠȈȑȈ șȈȕȟȐȕȚȈȑȈȕȕ ȈȋȝȈȔ ȘȈȌȎȕȈȝ șțȌȈ-ȘțȗȈ-ȌȝȈȘȖ ȋȘȐȝȍ ȋțȘȈȊȍ ȉȝȖȒȚț-ȒȈȔȈȑȈ ȗȈȒȚȊȈ ȕȐȕȑȍ ȕȈȘȈȔȐȠȈȔ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; șȈțȌȈșȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈțȌȈșȈ; ȔȘȐȋȈȑȈȔ — ȕȈ ȖȝȖȚȍ; ȒȐȕȟȐȚ — ȒȈȒ-ȚȖ ȘȈȏ; ȟȈȘȈȕ — șȚȘȈȕșȚȊțȦȡȐȑ; ȘȈȒȠȈȝ — ȘȈȒȠȈșȈ; ȌȎȈȋȝȈȕȈ — țȉȐȓ; ȝȈ — ȗȘȍȎȌȍ; ȔțȔȖȟȈ — ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȓ; ȉȝȘȈȚȈȘȈȔ — ȉȘȈȚȈ (ȘȈȒȠȈșȈ); șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ȥȚȖȚ ȉȘȈȚ); ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȗȘȈȚȐȟȐȒȐȘȠȈȑȈ — Ȍȓȧ ȖȚȔȡȍȕȐȧ; șȈȕȟȐȕȚȈȑȈȕ — ȖȉȌțȔȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ; ȈȋȝȈȔ — ȊȘȍȌ; ȘȈȌȎȕȈȝ — ȞȈȘȧ; șțȌȈ-ȘțȗȈ-ȌȝȈȘȈȝ — ȧȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȐȌȖȔ ȗȖȊȈȘȈ; ȋȘȐȝȍ — Ȋ ȌȖȔ; ȋțȘȈȊȍ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ ȞȈȘȧ; ȉȝȖȒȚț- ȒȈȔȈȑȈ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȍȔț ȗȖȖȉȍȌȈȚȤ; ȗȈȒȚȊȈ — ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȐȊ; ȕȐȕȑȍ — ȗȘȐȕȍș; ȕȈȘȈ-ȈȔȐȠȈȔ — ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȔȧșȖ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ǹȈțȌȈșȈ țȠȍȓ ȎȐȚȤ Ȋ ȓȍș Ȑ ȚȈȔ, țȉȐȊ ȓȦȌȖȍȌȈ [ȘȈȒȠȈșȈ], ȗȖȡȈȌȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȉȘȈȚȈ Ȑ ȖȚȗțșȚȐȓ ȕȈ ȊȖȓȦ. ǵȖ ȉȘȈȚ ȘȍȠȐȓ ȖȚȖȔșȚȐȚȤ ǹȈțȌȈșȍ. ǮȍȓȈȧ ȕȈȊȘȍȌȐȚȤ ȞȈȘȦ, Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ ȗȖȊȈȘȖȔ Ȋ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȔȍ. DzȈȒ-ȚȖ ȘȈȏ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȞȈȘȧ, ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȉȣȓ ȗȘȐȋȓȈȠȍȕ ȕȈ ȖȉȍȌ, Ȑ ȘȈȒȠȈș ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȐȓ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȉȓȦȌȖ Ȑȏ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȔȧșȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȗȈȘȐȊȍȒȠȑȈȔȈȕȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȊȐȓȖȒȑȈȉȝȈȒȠȑȈȔ ȈȕȌȎȈșȈ ȘȈȌȎȈȕȈȔ ȈȠȈȗȈȚ ȒȘțȌȌȝȖ ȘȈȒȠȖ ȝȑ ȥȊȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȐȠȑȈșȐ ȗȈȘȐȊȍȒȠȑȈȔȈȕȈȔ — ȗȘȖȊȍȘȧȍȔȖȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ; ȊȐȓȖȒȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȈȉȝȈȒȠȑȈȔ — ȕȍșȢȍȌȖȉȕȖȍ; ȈȕȌȎȈșȈ — șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ (ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȊȖȍȔț ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȔț ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊț); ȘȈȌȎȈȕȈȔ — ȞȈȘȧ; ȈȠȈȗȈȚ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓ; ȒȘțȌȌȝȈȝ — ȘȈȏȋȕȍȊȈȕȕȣȑ; ȘȈȒȠȈȝ — ȓȦȌȖȍȌ; ȝȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȉȝȈȊȐȠȑȈșȐ — șȚȈȕȍȠȤ. ǷȘȖȊȍȘȐȊ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȕțȦ ȍȔț ȗȐȡț, ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȐȑ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȈ ȕȍȗȘȐȋȖȌȕȈ Ȍȓȧ ȍȌȣ, ȐȉȖ ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȓȍȕȈ Ȑȏ ȔȧșȈ 158


159 ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. Ƕȕ șȚȘȈȠȕȖ ȘȈȏȋȕȍȊȈȓșȧ Ȑ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓ ǹȈțȌȈșț, ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȊ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȓȦȌȖȍȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 23 - 24 ȘȈȒȠȈȝ-ȒȘȐȚȈȔ ȚȈȌ ȊȐȌȐȚȊȈ ȟȈȒȘȍ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȈ-ȊȈȘȠȐȒȈȔ șȖ 'ȗȑ ȈȗȖ-'ȕȌȎȈȓȐȔ ȈȌȈȑȈ ȋțȘțȔ ȠȈȗȚțȔ șȈȔțȌȑȈȚȈȝ ȊȈȘȐȚȖ ȔȈȌȈȑȈȕȚȑȈȗȖ ȘțȠȈȚȐȝ ȗȈȌȈȑȖȘ ȌȎȈȝȈț ȌȐȠȈȝ ȒȝȈȔ ȈȊȈȕȐȔ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȗȈȠȑȈȕ ȌȎȐȊȈȔȈȑȈȔ ȕȘȐȗȈȝ ȘȈȒȠȈȝ-ȒȘȐȚȈȔ — șȌȍȓȈȕȖ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȔ ; ȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖ (ȗȖȗȣȚȒȈ ȕȈȒȖȘȔȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȐȔ ȔȧșȖȔ); ȊȐȌȐȚȊȈ — ȗȖȕȧȊ; ȟȈȒȘȍ — ȗȘȍȌȗȘȐȕȧȓ (ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ); ȌȊȈȌȈȠȈ-ȊȈȘȠȐȒȈȔ — ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȐȓȍȚȕȍȍ ȗȖȒȈȧȕȐȍ (ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐșȒțȗȐȚȤ ȊȐȕț); șȈȝ — ȚȖȚ (ǹȈțȌȈșȈ); ȈȗȐ — ȚȖȎȍ; ȈȗȈȝ- ȈȕȌȎȈȓȐȔ — ȗȘȐȋȖȘȠȕȦ ȊȖȌȣ; ȈȌȈȑȈ — ȊȏȧȊ; ȋțȘțȔ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ (ǪȈșȐȠȚȝț); ȠȈȗȚțȔ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧșȚȤ; șȈȔțȌȑȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȊȈȘȐȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȉȣȓȖ ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕȖ; ȔȈȌȈȑȈȕȚȑȈ — ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ (ȍȋȖ ȎȍȕȖȑ); ȈȗȈȝ — ȊȖȌț; ȘțȠȈȚȐȝ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡțȦ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ șȐȓȖȑ (ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȕȣȔ ȔȈȕȚȘȈȔ ); ȗȈȌȈȑȖȝ ȌȎȈȝȈț — șȚȘȧȝȕțȓ ȕȈ ȕȖȋȐ; ȌȐȠȈȝ — șȚȖȘȖȕȣ șȊȍȚȈ; ȒȝȈȔ — ȕȍȉȖ; ȈȊȈȕȐȔ — ȏȍȔȕțȦ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȤ; șȈȘȊȈȔ — Ȋșȍ; ȗȈȠȑȈȕ — ȊȐȌȧȡȐȑ; ȌȎȐȊȈ- ȔȈȑȈȔ — ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; ȕȘȐȗȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ǴțȕȐ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȔȧșȖ ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȐȓ ȍȔț ȘȈȒȠȈș, Ȉ ȕȍ ȞȈȘȤ, Ȗȕ ȕȈ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȓȍȚ ȗȖȊȍȘȋ șȍȉȧ ȈșȒȍȏȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐșȒțȗȐȚȤ ȊȐȕț ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȍȏȈșȓțȎȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȣȔ ȞȈȘȍȔ. ǴȍȎȌț ȚȍȔ ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈțȌȈșȈ Ȋȏȧȓ ȊȖȌț Ȑ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍș ȠȈȗȈ-ȔȈȕȚȘț, ȋȖȚȖȊȧșȤ ȗȘȖȒȓȧșȚȤ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝț, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȎȍȕȈ ǹȈțȌȈșȣ, ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ, ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȐȓȈ ȍȋȖ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ȞȈȘȤ țȊȐȌȍȓ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȊșȦȌț — Ȑ Ȋ ȕȍȉȍ, Ȑ ȕȈ ȏȍȔȓȍ — ȖȉȐȚȈȍȚ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 ȘȈȒȠȈșȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȈȗȈȕȕȈȝ ȗȈȌȍ ȒȈȓȔȈȠȈȚȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȊȑȈȊȈȑȈ-ȒȈȓȍ ȌȈȌȘȐȠȍ ȊȈȕȈțȒȖ-ȌȈȔȗȈȚȐ ȌȊȐȌȎȈț ȘȈȒȠȈșȈȔ — ȗȘȐșțȡȐȍ ȓȦȌȖȍȌȈȔ; ȉȝȈȊȈȔ — ȕȈȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȐ; ȈȗȈȕȕȈȝ — ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍȚȠȐȑ; ȗȈȌȍ — ȕȈ ȕȖȋȍ; ȒȈȓȔȈȠȈȚȈȔ — ȟȍȘȕȖȍ ȗȧȚȕȖ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖȓțȟȐȊȠȐȑ; ȊȑȈȊȈȑȈ-ȒȈȓȍ — ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȖȓȖȊȖȋȖ șȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȌȈȌȘȐȠȍ — țȊȐȌȍȓ; ȊȈȕȈ-ȖȒȈȝ — ȎȐȊțȡȐȑ Ȋ ȓȍșț; ȌȈȔ-ȗȈȚȐ — Ȏȍȕț Ȑ ȔțȎȈ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈț — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ . ǺȈȒ ǹȈțȌȈșȈ ȖȉȘȍȓ ȕȈȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȐ ȓȦȌȖȍȌȈ, Ȉ ȕȈ ȕȖȋȍ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȗȖȧȊȐȓȖșȤ ȟȍȘȕȖȍ ȗȧȚȕȖ, ȏȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȏȊȈȓȐ DzȈȓȔȈȠȈȗȈȌȖȑ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȞȈȘȤ DzȈȓȔȈȠȈȗȈȌȈ țȊȐȌȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍșț ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȌȍȓȐȊȠȍȋȖ șȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ șțȗȘțȎȍșȒȖȍ ȓȖȎȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 26 - 27 159


160 ȒȠțȌȝȈȘȚȖ ȌȎȈȋȘȐȝȍ ȊȐȗȘȈȔ ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȚȕȑ ȈȝȈȒȘȐȚȈȘȚȝȈȊȈȚ ȕȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȘȈȒȠȈșȈȝ șȈȒȠȈȌ ȐȒȠȊȈȒțȕȈȔ ȔȈȝȈ-ȘȈȚȝȈȝ ȔȈȌȈȑȈȕȚȑȈȝ ȗȈȚȐȘ ȊȐȘȈ ȕȈȌȝȈȘȔȈȔ ȒȈȘȚțȔ ȈȘȝȈșȐ ȌȍȝȐ Ȕȍ 'ȗȈȚȑȈ-ȒȈȔȈȑȈ ȈȒȘȐȚȈȘȚȝȈȔ ȗȈȚȐȔ ȌȊȐȌȎȈȔ ȒȠțȌȝȈ-ȈȘȚȈȝ — ȖȝȊȈȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȋȖȓȖȌȖȔ; ȌȎȈȋȘȐȝȍ — șȝȊȈȚȐȓ; ȊȐȗȘȈȔ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȚȕȐ — ȍȋȖ ȎȍȕȈ; ȈȝȈ — ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ; ȈȒȘȐȚȈ- ȈȘȚȝȈ-ȊȈȚ — ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȋȖȓȖȌȕȖȔț ȕȍȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȖȔț ȕȐȡȍȔț; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕ — Țȣ, ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ; ȘȈȒȠȈșȈȝ — ȓȦȌȖȍȌ; șȈȒȠȈȚ — ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ (ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ); ȐȒȠȊȈȒțȕȈȔ — șȘȍȌȐ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȊ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț; ȔȈȝȈ-ȘȈȚȝȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȊȖȐȕ; ȔȈȌȈȑȈȕȚȑȈȝ — ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ; ȗȈȚȐȝ — șțȗȘțȋ; ȊȐȘȈ — Ȗ ȋȍȘȖȑ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȌȝȈȘȔȈȔ — ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȣȑ ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ; ȒȈȘȚțȔ — șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ; ȈȘȝȈșȐ — ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȍȠȤ; ȌȍȝȐ — ȖȚȌȈȑ; Ȕȍ — ȔȖȍȋȖ; ȈȗȈȚȑȈȒȈȔȈȑȈȝ — ȎȍȓȈȦȡȍȑ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȖ; ȈȒȘȐȚȈ-ȈȘȚȝȈȔ — ȕȍ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȊȠȍȋȖ (șȊȖȍ) ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ; ȗȈȚȐȔ — ȔțȎȈ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȔ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ . ǶȉțȘȍȊȈȍȔȣȑ ȐȕșȚȐȕȒȚȈȔȐ ȘȈȒȠȈșȈ Ȑ ȋȖȓȖȌȖȔ, ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈțȌȈșȈ șȝȊȈȚȐȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ǩȍȌȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, ȎȍȕȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȊȏȔȖȓȐȓȈșȤ ȞȈȘȦ: «Ƕ ȋȍȘȖȑ, Țȣ — ȕȍ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȐȑ ȓȦȌȖȍȌ, Țȣ — ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȊ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǰȒȠȊȈȒț. Ǻȣ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȊȖȐȕ, ȔțȎ ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ. Ǻȍȉȍ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȖȉȈȍȚ ȗȖșȚțȗȈȚȤ ȚȈȒ ȕȍȟȍșȚȐȊȖ. ȇ ȝȖȟț ȘȖȌȐȚȤ șȣȕȈ, ȗȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, ȖȚȗțșȚȐ ȔȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ, Ȗȕ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȖȗȓȖȌȖȚȊȖȘȐȓ Ȕȍȕȧ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 ȌȍȝȖ 'ȑȈȔ ȔȈȕțȠȖ ȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȗțȘțȠȈșȑȈȒȝȐȓȈȘȚȝȈȌȈȝ ȚȈșȔȈȌ ȈșȑȈ ȊȈȌȝȖ ȊȐȘȈ șȈȘȊȈȘȚȝȈ-ȊȈȌȝȈ țȟȑȈȚȍ ȌȍȝȈȝ — ȚȍȓȖ; ȈȑȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȔȈȕțȠȈȝ — ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; ȗțȘțȠȈșȑȈ — ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ; ȈȒȝȐȓȈ — ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ; ȈȘȚȝȈ-ȌȈȝ — ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȡȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ȚȍȓȖ ȔȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ); ȊȈȌȝȈȝ — țȉȐȍȕȐȍ; ȊȐȘȈ — Ȗ ȋȍȘȖȑ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȈȘȚȝȈ- ȊȈȌȝȈȝ — țȉȐȍȕȐȍ ȉȓȈȋȐȝ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȍȑ; țȟȑȈȚȍ — ȏȖȊȍȚșȧ. «Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, Ȗ ȋȍȘȖȑ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȐȧ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȉȓȈȋȈ. ǭșȓȐ Țȣ țȉȤȍȠȤ șȍȑȟȈș ȥȚȖ ȚȍȓȖ ȌȖ șȘȖȒȈ, Țȣ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȠȤ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȕȐȔ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȍȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ». DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȖȚȚȈȔȈ ȌȈș ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȝȈȘȐ ȝȈȘȐ ȊȐȗȝȈȓȍ ȌȎȈȕȈȔȈ ȋȖȕȈȐȕț ȔȈȕțȠȑȈ-ȌȎȈȕȈȔȈ ȗȈȐȑȈ, ȘȈȌȝȈ-ȒȘȐȠȕȈ ȕȈ ȉȝȈȌȎȐȑȈ, 160


161 ȌȎȈȕȐȑȈ ȠțȕȐȑȈ ȊȐȠȈ ȒȝȈȐȕț ǺȍȓȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȞȍȕȕȖ, ȐȉȖ ș ȍȋȖ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȞȍȓȐ, ȌȖșȚțȗȕȖȑ Ȍȓȧ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǬțȠȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ — ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț. Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȋȖȕȐȚșȧ ȏȈ șȟȈșȚȤȍȔ, ȕȖ, ȕȍ ȏȕȈȧ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȧ, șȔȍȕȧȍȚ ȖȌȕȖ ȚȍȓȖ ȏȈ ȌȘțȋȐȔ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ ȌțȠȍ ȊȣȗȈȌȈȍȚ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȈȧ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȘȖȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȔ Țȍȓȍ, ȖȕȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ Ȟȍȓȍȑ: ȌȝȈȘȔȣ, ȈȘȚȝȐ, ȒȈȔȣ Ȑ ȔȖȒȠȐ, Ȉ ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȈ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚ ȌȖȓȎȕȖȍ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖ, ȚȖ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȑȚȐ ȌȈȓȤȠȍ Ȑ, ȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȌȧ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǸȈȌȝȍ Ȑ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ țșȗȍȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ Ȋ ȎȐȏȕȐ: ȗȘȍȒȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȉȍșȒȖȕȍȟȕțȦ ȟȍȘȍȌț ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȑ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȍȑ Ȑ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț (ȔȈȔ ȥȚȐ), ȟȚȖȉȣ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǸȈȌȝȍ Ȑ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. ǰȚȈȒ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȌȈȍȚșȧ ȌțȠȍ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȕȈ ȌȖșȚȐȋȓȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȐ. ǪȍȏȌȍ Ȑ ȊșȦȌț țȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȚȧȎȒȐȔ ȗȘȍșȚțȗȓȍȕȐȍȔ. ǮȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ șȖȚȕȧȔȐ Ȑ ȚȣșȧȟȈȔȐ țȉȐȊȈȦȚ ȕȈ șȒȖȚȖȉȖȑȕȧȝ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȕȐȒȖȋȖ ȕȍ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȐȚ, ȕȖ țȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ. ǷȖȟȍȔț? ǷȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ Ȋ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȔ Țȍȓȍ ȌțȠȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȞȍȓȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 29 ȥȠȈ ȝȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖ ȊȐȌȊȈȔș ȚȈȗȈȝ-ȠȐȓȈ-ȋțȕȈȕȊȐȚȈȝ ȈȘȐȘȈȌȝȈȑȐȠțȘ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȔȈȝȈ-ȗțȘțȠȈ-șȈȔȌȎȕȐȚȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ ȉȝțȚȍȠȊ ȈȕȚȈȘȝȐȚȈȔ ȋțȕȈȐȝ ȥȠȈȝ — ȥȚȖ; ȝȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȝ — ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȊȐȌȊȈȕ — șȊȍȌțȡȐȑ Ȋ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȐ; ȚȈȗȈȝ — ȈșȒȍȚȐȏȔ; ȠȐȓȈ — ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ; ȋțȕȈȈȕȊȐȚȈȝ — ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȉȓȈȋȐȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ; ȈȘȐȘȈȌȝȈȑȐȠțȝ — șȚȘȍȔȧȡȐȑșȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕț; ȔȈȝȈ-ȗțȘțȠȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ, DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ; șȈȔȌȎȕȐȚȈȔ — ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȖȔ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈ — Ȋșȍȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ — ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ (ǹȊȖȍȑ) ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȐ; ȉȝțȚȍȠț — ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȝ; ȈȕȚȈȘȝȐȚȈȔ — ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȔț Ȋ ȚȈȑȕȐȒȈȝ șȍȘȌȞȈ; ȋțȕȈȐȝ — ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ. «ǷȍȘȍȌ ȚȖȉȖȑ — ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȊȠȐȑ șȍȉȧ ȈșȒȍȏȍ Ȑ ȎȈȎȌțȡȐȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȑ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ». DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǮȍȕȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ șțȌȐȓȈ Ȗ șȊȖȍȔ ȔțȎȍ ȕȍ ș ȚȖȟȒȐ ȏȘȍȕȐȧ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ — ȖȕȈ ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ . ȅȚȖȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ ȊșȍȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȗȘȐșțȡȐȔȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ . DZȈșȑȈ ȑȈȓ ȓȈȒȠȈȕȈȔ ȗȘȖȒȚȈȔ (ǩȝȈȋ., 7.11.35). DzȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȖȗȐșȈȕȣ Ȋ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ: ȠȈȔȖ ȌȈȔȈș ȚȈȗȈȝ ȠȈțȟȈȔ ȒȠȈȕȚȐȘ ȈȘȌȎȈȊȈȔ ȥȊȈ ȟȈ 161


162 ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȊȐȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȈșȚȐȒȑȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȒȈȘȔȈ șȊȈȉȝȈȊȈȌȎȈȔ «ǻȔȐȘȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖșȚȤ, șȈȔȖȖȉȓȈȌȈȕȐȍ, ȈșȒȍȚȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, ȟȐșȚȖȚȈ, ȚȍȘȗȍȕȐȍ, ȟȍșȚȕȖșȚȤ, ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȔțȌȘȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖșȚȤ — ȚȈȒȖȊȣ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȕȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȍșȧ Ȋ Ȑȝ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ» (ǩ.-ȋ., 18.42). ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȚȤ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȔȐ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǶȌȕȐȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȍȡȍ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǶȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ — ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ, DzȘȐȠȕț (ȗȈȘȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȌȝȈȔȈ ȗȈȊȐȚȘȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ). ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȥȚȖȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ ȊșȍȔȐ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȧȔȐ Ȑ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓșȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ (ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȒȈȘȔȖȑ), țȉȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȔ ȋȘȍȝȖȔ, Ȑ ȎȍȕȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ țȔȖȓȧȓȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍ țȉȐȊȈȓ ȍȍ ȔțȎȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 șȖ 'ȑȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȘȠȐ-ȊȈȘȑȈș Țȍ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐ-ȗȘȈȊȈȘȈȌ ȊȐȉȝȖ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȈȘȝȈȚȐ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȌȎȕȈ ȊȈȌȝȈȔ ȗȐȚțȘ ȐȊȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ); ȈȑȈȔ — ȥȚȖȚ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȘȐȠȐ-ȊȈȘȑȈȝ — ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ (ȉȘȈȝȔȈȘȠȐ); Țȍ — ȖȚ Țȍȉȧ; ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȘȐȠȐ-ȗȘȈȊȈȘȈȚ — ȓțȟȠȍȋȖ Ȑȏ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȞȈȘȍȑ (ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐ); ȊȐȉȝȖ — Ȗ ȊȓȈșȚȐȚȍȓȤ șȚȘȈȕȣ; ȒȈȚȝȈȔ — ȒȈȒ; ȈȘȝȈȚȐ — ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȍȚ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ- ȌȎȕȈ — Ȗ ȏȕȈȚȖȒ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȊ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ; ȊȈȌȝȈȔ — țȉȐȍȕȐȍ; ȗȐȚțȝ — ȖȚȞȈ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ — șȣȕ. «Ƕ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ, Țȍȉȍ ȊȍȌȖȔȣ Ȋșȍ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. DzȈȒ ȖȚȍȞ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ țȉȐȊȈȚȤ șȣȕȈ, ȚȈȒ ȞȈȘȤ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ țȉȐȊȈȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȐȉȖ ȞȈȘȦ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȖ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ. ǸȈȏȊȍ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȓ ȥȚȖȚ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȋȐȉȕțȚȤ ȖȚ ȘțȒȐ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȋȖ Țȍȉȍ?» DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȓȖȊȖ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȞȈȘȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȍȌȍȚ șȍȉȧ ȒȈȒ ȘȐȠȐ (ȔțȌȘȍȞ)». ǺȈȒȐȝ ȞȈȘȍȑ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȍȡȍ ȕȈȘȈȌȍȊȈȔȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ șȟȐȚȈȦȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ — țȗȘȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȔ ȘȈȌȐ șȖȝȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȑ, Ȗȕ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȚȈȕȍȚ țȉȐȊȈȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ . DzȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ , ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ, ȌȍȚȐ, șȚȈȘȐȒȐ Ȑ ȒȖȘȖȊȣ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȓȍȎȈȚ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȦ. ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȎȍȕȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȗȘȖșȐȓȈ ȞȈȘȧ ȕȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ șȚȖȓȤ ȚȧȎȒȖȋȖ ȋȘȍȝȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 31 ȚȈșȑȈ șȈȌȝȖȘ ȈȗȈȗȈșȑȈ ȉȝȘțȕȈșȑȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȈȌȐȕȈȝ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȊȈȌȝȈȔ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȉȈȉȝȘȖȘ ȔȈȕȑȈȚȍ șȈȕ-ȔȈȚȖ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ; șȈȌȝȖȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ; ȈȗȈȗȈșȑȈ — ȉȍȏȋȘȍȠȕȖȋȖ; ȉȝȘțȕȈșȑȈ — ȏȈȘȖȌȣȠȈ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȈȌȐȕȈȝ — șȊȍȌțȡȍȋȖ Ȋ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȐ; ȒȈȚȝȈȔ — ȒȈȒ; 162


163 ȊȈȌȝȈȔ — țȉȐȍȕȐȍ; ȑȈȚȝȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȉȈȉȝȘȖȝ — ȒȖȘȖȊȣ; ȔȈȕȑȈȚȍ — ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ; șȈȚ-ȔȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȕȣȑ șȘȍȌȐ țȟȍȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕ — ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ. «Ǻȍȉȧ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȦȚ Ȑ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȦȚ Ȋșȍ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ. DzȈȒ ȔȖȎȍȠȤ Țȣ țȉȐȚȤ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȊȍȌȤ Ȗȕ șȊȧȚ, ȉȍȏȋȘȍȠȍȕ Ȑ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȍȚ ǪȍȌȣ? ǻȉȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ — Ȋșȍ ȘȈȊȕȖ ȟȚȖ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȚȤ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ ȊȖ ȟȘȍȊȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ȐȓȐ ȏȈȘȍȏȈȚȤ ȒȖȘȖȊț». DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȓȖȊȈȘȍ «ǨȔȈȘȈ-ȒȖȠȈ», ȉȝȘțȕȖ 'ȘȉȝȈȒȍ ȉȈȓȈȋȈȘȉȝȍ . ǹȓȖȊȖ ȉȝȘțȕȈ ȖȉȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȓȐȉȖ ȒȖȘȖȊț, ȓȐȉȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȏȈȘȖȌȣȠȈ. Ǫ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȍ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȏȈȘȖȌȣȠȈ — ȕȍȘȖȌȐȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ — șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȚȈȒȐȔ Ȏȍ ȚȧȎȒȐȔ ȋȘȍȝȖȔ, ȒȈȒ țȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȒȖȘȖȊȣ ȐȓȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ . ǹȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȈȧ ȕȈțȟȕȈȧ ȚȍȖȘȐȧ, șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ Ȋ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ șȖȍȌȐȕȍȕȐȧ ȝȐȔȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȊȍȡȍșȚȊ, ȈȉșțȘȌȕȈ. ǻȟȍȕȣȍ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȌȈȎȍ Țȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ, ȟȚȖ ȊȣȓțȗȓȧȦȚșȧ Ȑȏ ȧȐȞ. ǴȣșȓȤ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȉțȌȚȖ țȟȍȕȣȍ ȔȖȋțȚ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȝȐȔȐȟȍșȒțȦ șȘȍȌț, șȝȖȌȕțȦ ș țșȓȖȊȐȧȔȐ Ȋ ȧȑȞȍ Ȑ șȗȖșȖȉȕțȦ ȗȖȘȖȌȐȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȤ, ȕȍȓȍȗȈ. ǺȍȖȘȐȦ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ șȖȍȌȐȕȍȕȐȍ ȝȐȔȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȖȊ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȈȍȚ ȎȐȏȕȤ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȉȣ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ, ȕȖ ȥȚȐ ȔȖȠȍȕȕȐȒȐ ȕȍ Ȋ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȚȈȒȖȍ șȖȍȌȐȕȍȕȐȍ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȗ ȉȝȘțȕȈșȑȈ ȊȈȌȝȈȔ — țȉȐȑșȚȊȍ ȏȈȘȖȌȣȠȈ (ȉȝȘțȕȈ) . ȅȚȖ ȊȣȏȖȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ǪȍȌȣ ȉȘȖșȈȦȚ țȟȍȕȣȔ. ǷȘȐȔȐȚȐȊȕȈȧ Ȑ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȈȧ ȐȌȍȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ — ȥȚȖ ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ șȖȟȍȚȈȕȐȍ ȝȐȔȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȖȊ, ȍșȚȤ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȋȘțȉȍȑȠȍȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 32 ȑȈȌȑ ȈȑȈȔ ȒȘȐȑȈȚȍ ȉȝȈȒȠȑȈș ȚȈȘȝȐ ȔȈȔ ȒȝȈȌȈ ȗțȘȊȈȚȈȝ ȕȈ ȌȎȐȊȐȠȑȍ ȊȐȕȈ ȑȍȕȈ ȒȠȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ ȔȘȐȚȈȒȈȔ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȑȈȌȐ — ȍșȓȐ; ȈȑȈȔ — ȥȚȖȚ (ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ); ȒȘȐȑȈȚȍ — ȌȍȓȈȍȚșȧ; ȉȝȈȒȠȑȈȝ — ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚ ȍȌȣ; ȚȈȘȝȐ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȔȈȔ — Ȕȍȕȧ; ȒȝȈȌȈ — șȢȍȠȤ; ȗțȘȊȈȚȈȝ — șȗȍȘȊȈ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȌȎȐȊȐȠȑȍ — șȚȈȕț ȎȐȚȤ; ȊȐȕȈ — ȉȍȏ; ȑȍȕȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ (ȔȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ); ȒȠȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ; ȔȘȐȚȈȒȈȔ — ȔȍȘȚȊȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ; ȑȈȚȝȈ — ȒȈȒ. «ȇ ȕȍ șȔȖȋț ȎȐȚȤ ȉȍȏ ȔȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ ȌȈȎȍ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ. ǭșȓȐ Țȣ ȝȖȟȍȠȤ șȢȍșȚȤ ȍȋȖ, ȚȖ ȓțȟȠȍ șȢȍȠȤ șȕȈȟȈȓȈ Ȕȍȕȧ, ȐȉȖ, ȓȐȠȐȊȠȐșȤ ȔțȎȈ, ȧ ȉțȌț ȎȐȊȣȔ ȔȍȘȚȊȍȞȖȔ». DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȖȉȘȧȌ, ȐȔȍȕțȍȔȣȑ șȈȚȐ ȐȓȐ șȈȝȈ-ȔȈȘȈȕȖȑ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ șȔȍȘȚȤ ȊȔȍșȚȍ șȖ șȊȖȐȔ ȔțȎȍȔ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȔțȎ țȔȐȘȈȓ, ȎȍȕȈ ȌȖȉȘȖȊȖȓȤȕȖ ȊȝȖȌȐȓȈ Ȋ ȗȓȈȔȧ ȗȖȋȘȍȉȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȒȖșȚȘȈ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ. Ǫ ȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȎȍȕȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȊȣȘȈȎȈȍȚ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȍ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ ș ȥȚȖȑ ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȍȑ. ǮȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȉȍȏ ȔțȎȈ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȈ ȔȍȘȚȊȖȔț Țȍȓț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȖȉȣȟȈȧȔ, ȌȍȊțȠȒȈ ȖȉȧȏȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȊȣȑȚȐ ȏȈȔțȎ, Ȑ ȗȖȏȈȉȖȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ ȖȉȧȏȈȕ ȍȍ ȖȚȍȞ. ǬȍȊțȠȒț ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ Ȋ ȌȈȘ, Ȉ ț ȔțȎȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ Ȏȍȕ, ȕȖ ȕȐ Ȋ ȒȖȍȔ șȓțȟȈȍ ȖȕȈ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȖșȚȈȊȈȚȤșȧ ȕȍȏȈȔțȎȕȍȑ. ǺȈȒȖȊȣ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȐ. ǹȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȖȚ ȒȖȋȖ-ȚȖ ȏȈȊȐșȍȚȤ: Ȋ ȌȍȚșȚȊȍ — ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ, Ȋ ȔȖȓȖȌȖșȚȐ — ȖȚ ȔțȎȈ, Ȉ Ȋ șȚȈȘȖșȚȐ — ȖȚ șȊȖȐȝ ȊȏȘȖșȓȣȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ. DzȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǴȈȕț-șȈȔȝȐȚȍ», ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖȑ. ǵȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȤ ȌȍȓȈȍȚ ȍȍ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȕȖȑ. Ǫ ȕȈȠȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȌȍȊțȠȒȐ ȖșȚȈȦȚșȧ ȕȍȏȈȔțȎȕȐȔȐ Ȑ ȔȕȧȚ șȍȉȧ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȔȐ, ȕȖ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ 163


164 Ȍȍȓȍ Ȑȝ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȗȖȓȕȈ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ Ȕȣ ȊȐȌȐȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȓȈ, ȟȚȖ ȉȍȏ ȔțȎȈ ȖȕȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȈ ȔȍȘȚȊȍȞț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 33 ȥȊȈȔ ȒȈȘțȕȈ-ȉȝȈȠȐȕȑȈ ȊȐȓȈȗȈȕȚȑȈ ȈȕȈȚȝȈȊȈȚ ȊȑȈȋȝȘȈȝ ȗȈȠțȔ ȐȊȈȒȝȈȌȈȚ șȈțȌȈșȈȝ ȠȈȗȈ-ȔȖȝȐȚȈȝ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȒȈȘțȕȈ-ȉȝȈȠȐȕȑȈȝ — Ȋ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȐ Ȏȍȕȣ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȘȍȟȤ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȉȣȓȈ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȎȈȓȖȉȕȖȑ; ȊȐȓȈȗȈȕȚȑȈȝ — șȐȓȤȕȖ șȒȖȘȉȧȡȍȑ; ȈȕȈȚȝȈ-ȊȈȚ — ȒȈȒ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, ȖșȚȈȊȠȈȧșȧ ȉȍȏ ȗȖȒȘȖȊȐȚȍȓȧ; ȊȑȈȋȝȘȈȝ — ȚȐȋȘ; ȗȈȠțȔ — ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ (ȎȍȘȚȊț); ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȈȒȝȈȌȈȚ — șȢȍȓ; șȈțȌȈșȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈțȌȈșȈ; ȠȈȗȈ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍȔ; ȔȖȝȐȚȈȝ — ȖșțȎȌȍȕȕȣȑ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȣȑ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȖȑ ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈțȌȈșȈ șȖȎȘȈȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȒȈȒ ȚȐȋȘ ȗȖȎȐȘȈȍȚ șȊȖȦ ȌȖȉȣȟț. ǵȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ ȟȚȖ ȎȍȕȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȎȈȓȖȉȕȖ țȔȖȓȧȓȈ ǹȈțȌȈșț, Ȗȕ ȖșȚȈȓșȧ ȋȓțȝ Ȓ ȍȍ ȔȖȓȤȉȈȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȈȒȖȊȈ șȐȓȈ șțȌȤȉȣ. ǾȈȘȤ ǹȈțȌȈșȈ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȖȑ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȌȈȎȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȧ ȊșȍȔȐ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȧȔȐ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȔȖȋ țȌȍȘȎȈȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȈ Ȑ ȗȖȊȍȓ șȍȉȧ ȒȈȒ ȒȘȖȊȖȎȈȌȕȣȑ ȘȈȒȠȈș, ȐȉȖ ȚȈȒ ȉȣȓȖ ȕȈȗȐșȈȕȖ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȕȈ ȘȖȌț. ǺȈȓ ȓȈȉȝȑȈȚȍ ȌțȝȒȝȈȊȈȌ ȈȕȑȈȚȈȝ șțȒȝȈȔ (ǩȝȈȋ., 1.5.18). ǪȖȓȍȑ șțȌȤȉȣ Ȓ ȕȈȔ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȤȧ, Ȑ șțȌȤȉȈ Ȏȍ ȌȈȘțȍȚ ȕȈȔ șȟȈșȚȤȍ. ǹțȌȤȉȈ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈ, ȕȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȏȔȍȕȐȚȤ ȍȍ, ȍșȓȐ ȖȉȘȍȚȍȚ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. DzȈȘȔȈȕȐ ȕȐȘȌȈȝȈȚȐ ȒȐȕȚț ȟȈ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȉȝȈȌȎȈȔ (ǩȘȈȝȔȈ- șȈȔȝȐȚȈ, 5.54). ǺǭDzǹǺ 34 ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ ȊȐȒȠȑȈ ȌȐȌȝȐȠțȔ ȗțȘțȠȈȌȍȕȈ ȉȝȈȒȠȐȚȈȔ ȠȖȟȈȕȚȑ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ țȘȊȐȠȈȔ ȈȠȈȗȈȚ ȒțȗȐȚȈ șȈȚȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ — ȎȍȕȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȊȐȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȌȐȌȝȐȠțȔ — șȖȉȐȘȈȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȐȏȊȍȘȋȕțȚȤ șȍȔȧ Ȑ ȏȈȟȈȚȤ ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȖ; ȗțȘțȠȈ-ȈȌȍȕȈ — ȓȦȌȖȍȌȖȔ (ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȔ) ; ȉȝȈȒȠȐȚȈȔ — șȢȍȌȍȕȕȖȋȖ; ȠȖȟȈȕȚȐ — șȒȖȘȉȧȡȈȧ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — Ȗ șȊȖȍȔ Țȍȓȍ ȐȓȐ Ȗ șȈȔȖȑ șȍȉȍ; țȘȊȐȠȈȔ — ȞȈȘȧ; ȈȠȈȗȈȚ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓȈ; ȒțȗȐȚȈ — ȘȈȏȋȕȍȊȈȕȕȈȧ; șȈȚȐ — ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ țȊȐȌȍȓȈ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȖȍȌ șȖȎȘȈȓ ȍȍ ȔțȎȈ, ȋȖȚȖȊȖȋȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȐșȚȖȘȋȕțȚȤ șȍȔȧ, ȖȕȈ ȗȘȍȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓȈșȤ ȋȖȘȧ Ȑ ȖȚȟȈȧȕȐȧ. ǶȝȊȈȟȍȕȕȈȧ ȋȕȍȊȖȔ, ȖȕȈ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓȈ ȞȈȘȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 35 ȑȈșȔȈȕ Ȕȍ ȉȝȈȒȠȐȚȈȝ ȗȈȗȈ ȒȈȔȈȘȚȈȑȈȝ ȗȈȚȐș ȚȊȈȑȈ ȚȈȊȈȗȐ ȔȘȐȚȑțȘ ȈȌȝȈȕȈȌ 164


165 ȈȒȘȐȚȈ-ȗȘȈȌȎȕȈ ȌȈȘȠȐȚȈȝ ȑȈșȔȈȚ — ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț; Ȕȍ — ȔȖȑ; ȉȝȈȒȠȐȚȈȝ — șȢȍȌȍȕ; ȗȈȗȈ — Ȗ ȕȍȟȍșȚȐȊȣȑ; ȒȈȔȈȈȘȚȈȑȈȝ — șȒȖȘȉȧȡȍȑ ȖȚ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȊȖȋȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ; ȗȈȚȐȝ — ȔțȎ; ȚȊȈȑȈ — ȚȖȉȖȑ; ȚȈȊȈ — ȚȊȖȧ; ȈȗȐ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȔȘȐȚȑțȝ — șȔȍȘȚȤ; ȈȌȝȈȕȈȚ — ȊșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍ șȍȔȧȐȏȊȍȘȎȍȕȐȧ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȖȐȚȐȧ ș ȎȍȕȖȑ; ȈȒȘȐȚȈ-ȗȘȈȌȎȕȈ — Ȗ ȋȓțȗȣȑ ȕȍȋȖȌȧȑ; ȌȈȘȠȐȚȈȝ — ȖȟȍȊȐȌȕȈ (ȗȘȍȌșȒȈȏȈȕȈ Țȍȉȍ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȧ). «Ƕ ȋȓțȗȍȞ Ȑ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒ, ȏȈ ȚȖ ȟȚȖ Țȣ șȢȍȓ ȔȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȧ ȉȣȓȈ ȖȝȊȈȟȍȕȈ șȚȘȈșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȝȖȚȍȓȈ ȏȈȟȈȚȤ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ, Țȍȉȧ ȚȖȎȍ ȕȈșȚȐȋȕȍȚ șȔȍȘȚȤ, ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Țȣ ȗȖȗȣȚȈȍȠȤșȧ ȖȗȓȖȌȖȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ șȊȖȦ Ȏȍȕț. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, șȚȖȐȚ Țȍȉȍ ȗȖȗȣȚȈȚȤșȧ șȖȍȌȐȕȐȚȤșȧ ș ȕȍȑ, Ȑ Țȣ ȚȖȚȟȈș țȔȘȍȠȤ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 36 ȥȊȈȔ ȔȐȚȘȈșȈȝȈȔ ȠȈȗȚȊȈ ȗȈȚȐ-ȓȖȒȈ-ȗȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ ȚȈȌ-ȈșȚȝȐȕȐ șȈȔȐȌȌȝȍ 'ȋȕȈț ȗȘȈșȑȈ ȉȝȈȘȚțȘ ȋȈȚȐȔ ȋȈȚȈ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȔȐȚȘȈșȈȝȈȔ — ȞȈȘȧ ǹȈțȌȈșț; ȠȈȗȚȊȈ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȊ; ȗȈȚȐ-ȓȖȒȈ-ȗȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ — șȚȘȍȔȧȡȈȧșȧ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȚțȌȈ Ȏȍ, ȒțȌȈ Ȑ ȔțȎ; ȚȈȚ-ȈșȚȝȐȕȐ — ȍȋȖ ȒȖșȚȐ; șȈȔȐȌȌȝȍ ȈȋȕȈț — Ȋ ȗȣȓȈȦȡȐȑ ȖȋȖȕȤ; ȗȘȈșȑȈ — ȉȘȖșȐȊ; ȉȝȈȘȚțȝ — ȔțȎȈ; ȋȈȚȐȔ — Ȓ ȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȖ; ȋȈȚȈ — țȠȍȌȠȈȧ. ǺȈȒ ȎȍȕȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȓȈ ȞȈȘȧ ǹȈțȌȈșț, ȗȘȖȏȊȈȕȕȖȋȖ ǴȐȚȘȈșȈȝȖȑ. ǷȖȚȖȔ, ȎȍȓȈȧ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȏȈ șȊȖȐȔ ȔțȎȍȔ, ȖȕȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȓȈ ȖȋȕȦ ȍȋȖ ȒȖșȚȐ Ȑ șȈȔȈ ȊȖȠȓȈ Ȋ ȚȖȚ ȖȋȖȕȤ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȚțȌȈ Ȏȍ, ȒțȌȈ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȍȍ ȔțȎ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 37 ȊȐȠȈȗȖ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȈȉȌȈȕȚȍ ȔȈȐȚȝțȕȈȑȈ șȈȔțȌȑȈȚȈȝ ȊȐȌȎȕȈȗȑȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ-ȠȈȗȈȔ ȔȈȝȐȠȑȈ șȈ ȕȐȊȈȘȐȚȈȝ ȊȐȠȈȗȈȝ — ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȚ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȧ; ȌȊȈȌȈȠȈ-ȈȉȌȈ-ȈȕȚȍ — ȟȍȘȍȏ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȓȍȚ; ȔȈȐȚȝțȕȈȑȈ — Ȍȓȧ șȖȐȚȐȧ ș ȎȍȕȖȑ; șȈȔțȌȑȈȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȊȐȌȎȕȈȗȑȈ — ȕȈȗȖȔȕȐȊ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ- ȠȈȗȈȔ — ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ Ȏȍȕȣ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȔȈȝȐȠȑȈ — ȞȈȘȐȞȍȑ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ȞȈȘȤ); ȕȐȊȈȘȐȚȈȝ — ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕ. ȟȍȘȍȏ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȓȍȚ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȞȈȘȤ ǹȈțȌȈșȈ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȓșȧ ȖȚ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȧ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȐ, Ȗȕ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓ șȖȍȌȐȕȐȚȤșȧ șȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ. ǵȖ ȞȈȘȐȞȈ ȕȈȗȖȔȕȐȓȈ ȍȔț Ȗ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȐ Ȏȍȕȣ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, Ȑ ȍȔț ȗȘȐȠȓȖșȤ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȚȤșȧ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 38 ȈȚȈ țȘȌȝȊȈȔ șȈ ȚȈȚȑȈȌȎȈ șȚȘȐ-șțȒȝȈȔ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈȗȘȈȌȎȈȝ ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈș ȚȈȌ-ȈȕțȌȎȕȈȚȖ 165


166 ȔȈȌȈȑȈȕȚȑȈȔ ȗȘȈȌȎȈȔ ȈȌȝȈȚ ȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; țȘȌȝȊȈȔ — ȊșȒȖȘȍ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ȞȈȘȤ); ȚȈȚȑȈȌȎȈ — ȖȚȊȍȘȋȕțȊ; șȚȘȐșțȒȝȈȔ — ȘȈȌȖșȚȐ ȗȖȓȖȊȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈ — șțȌȤȉȖȑ; ȈȗȘȈȌȎȈȝ — ȓȐȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȈ; ȊȈșȐȠȚȝȈȝ — ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ șȊȧȚȖȑ; ȚȈȚ-ȈȕțȌȎȕȈȚȈȝ — ș ȍȋȖ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȧ (ș ȗȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȧ ȞȈȘȧ); ȔȈȌȈȑȈȕȚȑȈȔ — ȊȖ ȟȘȍȊȍ ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ (șțȗȘțȋȐ ȞȈȘȧ ǹȈțȌȈșȣ); ȗȘȈȌȎȈȔ — ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȖ; ȈȌȝȈȚ — ȏȈȟȈȓ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȕȐȧ ȞȈȘȤ ȉȣȓ ȊȣȕțȎȌȍȕ ȏȈȉȣȚȤ Ȗ ȘȈȌȖșȚȧȝ șțȗȘțȎȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȊȖȓȍȦ șțȌȤȉȣ ȖșȚȈȊȈȚȤșȧ ȉȍȏȌȍȚȕȣȔ. ǷȖȏȎȍ ș ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȧ ȞȈȘȧ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȏȈȟȈȓ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 39 șȈ ȊȈȐ șȈȗȚȈ șȈȔȈ ȋȈȘȉȝȈȔ ȈȉȐȉȝȘȈȕ ȕȈ ȊȑȈȌȎȈȑȈȚȈ ȌȎȈȋȝȕȍ 'ȠȔȈȕȖȌȈȘȈȔ ȚȈșȑȈȝ șȖ 'ȠȔȈȒȈș ȚȍȕȈ ȒȈȚȝȑȈȚȍ șȈ — ȖȕȈ (ȞȈȘȐȞȈ ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ); ȊȈȐ — Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; șȈȗȚȈ — șȍȔȤ; șȈȔȈȝ — ȓȍȚ; ȋȈȘȉȝȈȔ — ȌȐȚȧ ȊȖ ȟȘȍȊȍ; ȈȉȐȉȝȘȈȚ — ȕȖșȐȓȈ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȊȑȈȌȎȈȑȈȚȈ — ȘȖȎȈȓȈ; ȌȎȈȋȝȕȍ — țȌȈȘȐȓ; ȈȠȔȈȕȈ — ȒȈȔȕȍȔ; țȌȈȘȈȔ — Ȋ ȎȐȊȖȚ; ȚȈșȑȈȝ — ȍȍ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (șȣȕ); ȈȠȔȈȒȈȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȠȔȈȒȈ; ȚȍȕȈ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ; ȒȈȚȝȑȈȚȍ — ȏȖȊȍȚșȧ. ǹȍȔȤ ȓȍȚ ǴȈȌȈȧȕȚȐ ȕȖșȐȓȈ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȟȘȍȊȍ Ȑ ȕȍ ȔȖȋȓȈ ȘȖȌȐȚȤ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȘȈșșȍȒ ȍȑ ȎȐȊȖȚ ȒȈȔȕȍȔ, Ȑ ȘȍȉȍȕȖȒ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ. ǯȈ ȥȚȖ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȈ ȕȈȏȊȈȓȐ ǨȠȔȈȒȖȑ («ȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȚ ȒȈȔȕȧ»). ǺǭDzǹǺ 40 ȈȠȔȈȒȈȌ ȉȈȓȐȒȖ ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ ȑȈȝ șȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ ȗȈȘȐȘȈȒȠȐȚȈȝ ȕȈȘȐ-ȒȈȊȈȟȈ ȐȚȑ țȒȚȖ ȕȐȝȒȠȈȚȘȍ ȔțȓȈȒȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȈȠȔȈȒȈȚ — ȖȚ ǨȠȔȈȒȐ; ȉȈȓȐȒȈȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǩȈȓȐȒȈ; ȌȎȈȌȎȕȍ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ (ǩȈȓȐȒȈ); șȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ — ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ; ȗȈȘȐȘȈȒȠȐȚȈȝ — ȏȈȡȐȡȍȕ; ȕȈȘȐȒȈȊȈȟȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȋȖ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȦȚ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ; ȐȚȐ țȒȚȈȝ — ȚȈȒ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ; ȕȐȝȒȠȈȚȘȍ — Ȋ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊȐȍ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ (țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȕȣȝ ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔȖȑ); ȔțȓȈȒȈȝ — ǴțȓȈȒȖȑ (ȘȖȌȖȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȐȒȖȔ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ ); ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — șȚȈȓ. ǻ ǨȠȔȈȒȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǩȈȓȐȒȈ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǩȈȓȐȒȈ ȉȣȓ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ, Ȗȕ șȗȈșșȧ ȖȚ ȋȕȍȊȈ ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔȣ Ȑ ȏȈ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȐȔȧ ǵȈȘȐȒȈȊȈȟȈ («ȏȈȡȐȡȍȕȕȣȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ»). DzȖȋȌȈ ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔȈ ȐșȚȘȍȉȐȓ Ȋșȍȝ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ, ǩȈȓȐȒȈ șȚȈȓ ȘȖȌȖȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȐȒȖȔ ȕȖȊȣȝ ȗȖȒȖȓȍȕȐȑ ȊȖȐȕȖȊ Ȑ ȞȈȘȍȑ. ǯȈ ȥȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȕȈȏȊȈȓȐ ǴțȓȈȒȖȑ — ȒȖȘȕȍȔ ȘȖȌȈ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 41 166


167 ȚȈȚȖ ȌȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȈș ȚȈșȔȈȚ ȗțȚȘȈ ȈȐȌȈȊȐȌȐș ȚȈȚȈȝ ȘȈȌȎȈ ȊȐȠȊȈșȈȝȖ ȑȈșȑȈ ȒȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈȠ ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȑ ȈȉȝțȚ ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ȖȚ ǩȈȓȐȒȐ); ȌȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȈȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȈ; ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ; ȗțȚȘȈȝ — șȣȕ; ȈȐȌȈȊȐȌȐȝ — ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȑȌȈȊȐȌȐ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ; ȘȈȌȎȈ ȊȐȠȊȈșȈȝȈȝ — ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȣȑ ȞȈȘȤ ǪȐȠȊȈșȈȝȈ; ȑȈșȑȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȒȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ; ȟȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ — ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ; ȈȉȝțȚ — șȚȈȓ. ǩȈȓȐȒȈ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȓ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ șȣȕȈ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝț, ț ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǨȑȌȈȊȐȌȐ, Ȉ ț ȕȍȋȖ — ȞȈȘȤ ǪȐȠȊȈșȈȝȈ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǪȐȠȊȈșȈȝȐ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 42 ȑȖ ȌȍȊȈȐȘ ȈȘȚȝȐȚȖ ȌȈȐȚȑȈȕ ȈȊȈȌȝȐȌ ȑțȌȝȐ ȌțȘȌȎȈȑȈȝ ȔțȝțȘȚȈȔ ȈȑțȘ ȌȎȕȈȚȊȈȐȚȑȈ șȊȈ-ȗțȘȈȔ șȈȕȌȈȌȝȍ ȔȈȕȈȝ ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ (ȞȈȘȤ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ); ȌȍȊȈȐȝ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ; ȈȘȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓȐ; ȌȈȐȚȑȈȕ — ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ; ȈȊȈȌȝȐȚ — șȘȈȏȐȓ; ȑțȌȝȐ — Ȋ ȉȐȚȊȍ; ȌțȘȌȎȈȑȈȝ — șȊȐȘȍȗȣȑ; ȔțȝțȘȚȈȔ — Ȋ ȖȌȕȖ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ; Ȉȑțȝ — ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȌȎȕȈȚȊȈ — țȏȕȈȊ; ȥȚȑȈ — ȗȘȐȌȧ; șȊȈ-ȗțȘȈȔ — Ȓ șȍȉȍ ȌȖȔȖȑ; șȈȕȌȈȌȝȍ — șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȓ; ȔȈȕȈȝ — țȔ. ǾȈȘȤ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ȉȣȓ ȕȍȗȖȉȍȌȐȔ Ȋ ȉȖȦ. ǷȖȓțȉȖȋȐ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ Ȋ șȘȈȎȍȕȐȐ ș ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔȐ, Ȑ ȗȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ Ȗȕ ȖȌȍȘȎȈȓ ȗȖȉȍȌț, ȖȕȐ, ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȍ ȞȈȘȍȔ, ȘȍȠȐȓȐ ȌȈȚȤ ȍȔț ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ. ǾȈȘȤ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓ țȏȕȈȚȤ, șȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȍȡȍ ȗȘȖȌȓȐȚșȧ ȍȋȖ ȎȐȏȕȤ, Ȑ Ȋ ȖȚȊȍȚ țșȓȣȠȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȍȔț ȖșȚȈȓȖșȤ ȎȐȚȤ ȖȌȕț ȔțȝțȘȚț. ǺȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓ ȌȊȖȘȍȞ Ȑ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ, ȋȌȍ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȓ țȔ ȕȈ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȐȔȍȘ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȗȍȟȈȚȓȧȍȚ. ǾȈȘȤ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ șȓțȎȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȓȐȠȤ ȖȌȐȕ ȔȐȋ Ȑ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ șȔȖȋ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǭșȓȐ Ȏȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȗȕ ȕȍȗȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȊȍȘȕȍȚșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȕȍȚ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȑ (ȈșȈȔȠȈȑȈ) . Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» șȓȖȊȖ ȈșȈȔȠȈȑȈ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȔȈȑȑ ȈșȈȒȚȈ-ȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȈȘȚȝȈ ȑȖȋȈȔ ȑțȕȌȎȈȕ ȔȈȌ-ȈȠȘȈȑȈȝ ȈșȈȔȠȈȑȈȔ șȈȔȈȋȘȈȔ ȔȈȔ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȌȎȕȈșȑȈșȐ ȚȈȟ ȟȝȘȐȕț

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168 «Ǩ șȍȑȟȈș, Ȗ șȣȕ ǷȘȐȚȝȐ, țșȓȣȠȤ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ, ȊȘțȟȐȊ șȍȉȧ Ǵȕȍ, șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȊ ȕȈ Ǵȕȍ șȊȖȑ țȔ Ȑ ȖȚȉȘȖșȐȊ Ȋșȍ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȧ, Țȣ șȔȖȎȍȠȤ Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ Ǵȍȕȧ, ȐȌȧ ȗțȚȍȔ ȑȖȋȐ « (ǩ.-ȋ., 7.1). ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȟȈ Ȕȍ ȌȐȊȑȈȔ ȥȊȈȔ ȑȖ ȊȍȚȚȐ ȚȈȚȚȊȈȚȈȝ ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ ȌȍȝȈȔ ȗțȕȈȘ ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȕȈȐȚȐ ȔȈȔ ȥȚȐ șȖ 'ȘȌȎțȕȈ «ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖșȚȐȋ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ǴȖȍȋȖ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ, ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȘȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǷȖȒȐȕțȊ ȚȍȓȖ, Ȗȕ ȊȍȘȕȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǴȖȦ ȊȍȟȕțȦ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ, Ȗ ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ» (ǩ.-ȋ., 4.9). ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȖȑ, ȐȉȖ ȖȕȈ ȘȈȏȊȐȊȈȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȍȎȍȌȕȍȊȕȖ ȊȐȌȐȚ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȖ Ȋ ȝȘȈȔȍ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț, ȗȖȍȚ Ȑ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȍȚ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ȗȖ ȔȍȘȍ șȐȓ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȌȘțȋȐȔ Ȗ șȓȈȊȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ DzȘȐȠȕȍ ȘȈȏȖȊȤȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȍȋȖ șȍȘȌȞȍ. ȅȚț ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȈșȈȒȚȐ . ǭșȓȐ țȔ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ DzȘȐȠȕȍ (ȔȈȑȑ ȈșȈȒȚȈ-ȔȈȕȈȝ), ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȞȍȓȐ ȏȈ ȖȌȕț ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǭșȓȐ Ȏȍ Ȕȣ țȗțșȒȈȍȔ ȥȚț șȟȈșȚȓȐȊțȦ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ, ȚȖ ȕȍȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȎȌȍȚ ȕȈș ȊȗȍȘȍȌȐ, șȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȍȡȍ Ȕȣ ȉțȌȍȔ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȒȘțȋȖȊȖȘȖȚȍ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ Ȑ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȈȔ șȕȖȊȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȕȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȑ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȕȍȑ — ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȒȈȎȌțȦ ȔȐȕțȚț șȊȖȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȦȚ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ș ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 43 ȕȈ Ȕȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȒțȓȈȚ ȗȘȈȕȈȝ ȒțȓȈ-ȌȈȐȊȈȕ ȕȈ ȟȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ ȕȈ ȠȘȐȑȖ ȕȈ ȔȈȝȐ ȘȈȌȎȑȈȔ ȕȈ ȌȈȘȈȠ ȟȈȚȐȊȈȓȓȈȉȝȈȝ ȕȈ — ȕȍ; Ȕȍ — ȔȖȧ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȒțȓȈȚ — șȍȔȍȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; ȗȘȈȕȈȝ — ȎȐȏȕȤ; ȒțȓȈȌȈȐȊȈȚ — Țȍȝ, ȒȖȔț ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ȔȖȧ șȍȔȤȧ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȝ — șȣȕȖȊȤȧ Ȑ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȠȘȐȑȈȝ — ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȔȈȝȐ — ȏȍȔȓȧ; ȘȈȌȎȑȈȔ — ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȌȈȘȈȝ — Ȏȍȕȣ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȚȐ-ȊȈȓȓȈȉȝȈȝ — ȌȖȘȖȎȍ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ȗȖȌțȔȈȓ: ǬȈȎȍ ȔȖȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȕȕȍ ȕȍ ȌȖȘȖȎȍ, ȟȍȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȈ Ȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ȔȖȑ ȘȖȌ. ǿȚȖ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ, ȏȍȔȓȍ, Ȏȍȕȍ, ȌȍȚȧȝ Ȑ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȍ? ǵȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍȚ ȌȖȘȖȎȍ Ȍȓȧ Ȕȍȕȧ, ȟȍȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȞȍȕȐȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȒțȓȤȚțȘț Ȑ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȐȍ ȔȐȕțȚȣ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ, ȊȖȏȕȖșȧ ȚȈȒțȦ ȔȖȓȐȚȊț: ȕȈȔȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȑȈ-ȌȍȊȈȑȈ ȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ-ȝȐȚȈȑȈ ȟȈ 168


169 ȌȎȈȋȈȌ-ȌȝȐȚȈȑȈ ȒȘȐȠȕȈȑȈ ȋȖȊȐȕȌȈȑȈ ȕȈȔȖ ȕȈȔȈȝ «ȇ Ȋ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǪȣșȠȍȑ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȖȑ, DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ, — ȗȖȒȘȖȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ ȒȖȘȖȊ, ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ Ȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. ȇ șȕȖȊȈ Ȑ șȕȖȊȈ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǫȖȊȐȕȌȖȑ, ȌȈȘțȦȡȐȔ ȘȈȌȖșȚȤ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔ». ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȊȣșȖȒȖ ȞȍȕȐȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȐ. ǷȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȏȕȈȍȚ DzȘȐȠȕț Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȓȦ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȌȎȈȕȈȚȐȚȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȝ . DzȘȐȠȕț ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ǷȈȘȈȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋșȍ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, — ȥȚȖ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ . ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ șȟȐȚȈȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȔȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ, ȕȍșțȡȐȔȐ șȊȍȚ ȓȦȌȧȔ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȘȈȏȊȐȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȑ ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȕȈțȒț, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȊȣșȖȒȖ ȞȍȕȐȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȐ Ȑ ȏȕȈȚȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕț (ȒȘȐȠȕȈȑȈ ȋȖȊȐȕȌȈȑȈ). ǺȖȋȌȈ ȍȋȖ ȎȐȏȕȤ țȊȍȕȟȈȍȚșȧ țșȗȍȝȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 44 ȕȈ ȉȈȓȑȍ 'ȗȐ ȔȈȚȐȘ ȔȈȝȑȈȔ ȈȌȝȈȘȔȍ ȘȈȔȈȚȍ ȒȊȈȟȐȚ ȕȈȗȈȠȑȈȔ țȚȚȈȔȈȠȓȖȒȈȌ ȈȕȑȈȚ ȒȐȕȟȈȕȈ ȊȈșȚȊ ȈȝȈȔ ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȉȈȓȑȍ — Ȋ ȌȍȚșȚȊȍ; ȈȗȐ — ȌȈȎȍ; ȔȈȚȐȝ — ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȍ; ȔȈȝȑȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ Ȕȍȕȧ; ȈȌȝȈȘȔȍ — Ȓ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȐȦ; ȘȈȔȈȚȍ — ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȍȚșȧ; ȒȊȈȟȐȚ — ȒȖȋȌȈ-ȓȐȉȖ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȈȗȈȠȑȈȔ — ȊȐȌȍȓ; țȚȚȈȔȈȠȓȖȒȈȚ — ȒȘȖȔȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȕȑȈȚ — ȐȕțȦ; ȒȐȕȟȈȕȈ — ȒȈȒțȦ-ȓȐȉȖ; ȊȈșȚț — șțȡȕȖșȚȤ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ. ǵȐȒȖȋȌȈ, ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȌȍȚșȚȊȍ, Ȕȍȕȧ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȓȐ ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȣȍ ȔȐȘșȒȐȍ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ Ȑ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǰ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ Ȍȓȧ Ȕȍȕȧ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȊȈȎȕȍȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȚȐȗȐȟȕȣȑ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȍȋȖ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. Ǭȓȧ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȈȎȕȖȋȖ, ȟȍȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǪȍșȤ ȖȒȘțȎȈȦȡȐȑ ȔȐȘ Ȗȕ ȊȐȌȐȚ șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȔ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. Ǫ «ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ-ȟȈȘȐȚȈȔȘȐȚȍ» (ǴȈȌȝȤȧ, 8.274) țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ: șȚȝȈȊȈȘȈ-ȌȎȈȕȋȈȔȈ ȌȍȒȝȍ, ȕȈ ȌȍȒȝȍ ȚȈȘȈ ȔțȘȚȐ șȈȘȊȈȚȘȈ ȝȈȑȈ ȕȐȌȎȈ ȐȠȚȈ-ȌȍȊȈ-șȗȝțȘȚȐ « ǴȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ, ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȊȏȐȘȈȧ ȕȈ Ȋșȍ ȌȊȐȎțȡȍȍșȧ Ȑ ȕȍȗȖȌȊȐȎȕȖȍ, ȊȐȌȐȚ ȕȍ ȚȍȓȈ: Ȗȕ ȗȖȊșȦȌț ȊȐȌȐȚ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ». ǽȖȚȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȊȧȏȈȕ ș ȕȐȔ. ǵȐȘȉȈȕȌȝȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-șȈȔȉȈȕȌȝȍ . Ƕȕ șȖȏȕȈȍȚ șȊȧȏȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȏȈȘȈȉȈȚȣȊȈȚȤ ȌȍȕȤȋȐ, ȕȖ ȥȚȐ ȌȍȕȤȋȐ Ȗȕ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚ Ȍȓȧ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȖȚȌȈȊȈȧ Ȑȝ ȕȈ șȚȘȖȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȝ ȝȘȈȔȖȊ Ȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǶȚșȦȌȈ șȓȍȌțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȖȔ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ Ȏȍȕȍ, ȌȍȚȧȔ, ȌȖȔț, șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔ, ȕȖ, ȒȈȒ țȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț ȥȚȖȔț. Ƕ ȟȍȔ ȉȣ Ȗȕ ȕȐ ȌțȔȈȓ, Ȗȕ Ȋșȍ ȊȐȌȍȓ Ȋ șȊȧȏȐ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǭȔț. ǰȠȈȊȈșȑȈȔ ȐȌȈȔ șȈȘȊȈȔ: Ȋșȍ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ 169


170 dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. DzȖȕȍȟȕȖ, Ȗȉȣȟȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ, ȕȖ, ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȚ șȍȉȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ, ȒȈȒ ȖȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȕȖ Ȋ «ǵȍȒȚȈȘȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȐ», ȚȖ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȘȈȏȖȊȤȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȍ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍȚȍȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍ ȔȐȘȈ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, țȚȘȈȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȊȒțș ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 45 ȌȍȊȈȐȝ ȒȈȔȈ-ȊȈȘȖ ȌȈȚȚȖ ȔȈȝȑȈȔ ȚȘȐ-ȉȝțȊȈȕȍȠȊȈȘȈȐȝ ȕȈ ȊȘȐȕȍ ȚȈȔ ȈȝȈȔ ȒȈȔȈȔ ȉȝțȚȈȉȝȈȊȈȕȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȝ ȌȍȊȈȐȝ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ; ȒȈȔȈ-ȊȈȘȈȝ — ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȐȔȍȚȤ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȦ; ȌȈȚȚȈȝ — ȌȈȕȖ; ȔȈȝȑȈȔ — Ȕȕȍ; ȚȘȐ-ȉȝțȊȈȕȈ-ȐȠȊȈȘȈȐȝ — ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒȈȔȐ ȚȘȍȝ ȔȐȘȖȊ (ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ); ȕȈ ȊȘȐȕȍ — ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ; ȚȈȔ — ȥȚȖ; ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; ȒȈȔȈȔ — Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȚȤ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ; ȉȝțȚȈȉȝȈȊȈȕȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȝ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȕȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ (Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȉȍȏȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț). ǷȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȍ ȚȘȍȔȧ ȔȐȘȈȔȐ, ȝȖȚȍȓȐ ȌȈȚȤ Ȕȕȍ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ, ȒȈȒȖȍ ȧ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȦ. ǵȖ ȧ ȕȍ șȚȈȓ Ȑȝ ȕȐ Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȗȘȖșȐȚȤ, ȐȉȖ Ȕȍȕȧ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșțȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȑ, șȖȏȌȈȊȠȐȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ Ȑ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȍșȚȤ Ȋ ȕȍȔ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșțȍȚ Ȕȍȕȧ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ, ȟȍȔ Ȋșȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȍ. ǷȈȘȈȔ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȕȐȊȈȘȚȈȚȍ: ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ țȊȐȌȍȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, țȚȘȈȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȐȕȚȍȘȍș Ȓ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ. ǬȈȎȍ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȒȈȒ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǬȝȘțȊȈ, țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș ȘȈȌȐ ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȐȧ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ ȉȓȈȋ, ȕȖ, țȊȐȌȍȊ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȗȕ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȓșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȑ. Ƕȕ șȒȈȏȈȓ: șȊȈȔȐȕ ȒȘȐȚȈȘȚȝȖ 'șȔȐ ȊȈȘȈȔ ȕȈ ȑȈȟȍ — «ǬȖȘȖȋȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕ ȊșȍȔ, ȟȚȖ Ǻȣ ȒȖȋȌȈ-ȓȐȉȖ Ȕȕȍ ȌȈȊȈȓ ȐȓȐ ȕȍ ȌȈȊȈȓ. Ǵȕȍ ȕȍ Ȗ ȟȍȔ Ǻȍȉȧ ȗȘȖșȐȚȤ, ȐȉȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ Ǻȍȉȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ Ȕȕȍ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ». ǺȈȒ ȌțȔȈȍȚ ȟȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȖșȐȚ ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ, ȕȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȈȠȍ ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȘȐȠȕȈȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȔȘȐȚȈ-șȈȕȋȝȈ, ȟȚȖ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ «șȖȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊțȦȚșȧ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȦȚ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ». ǿȚȖȉȣ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȕȣȔ ȔȣșȓȧȔȐ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȕȍ ȕțȎȕȖ Ȍȍȕȍȋ. ǬțȔȈȚȤ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ ȓȍȋȒȖ Ȑ ȗȘȐȧȚȕȖ. ǹȈȔ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȔȈȕ-ȔȈȕȈ ȉȝȈȊȈ ȔȈȌ-ȉȝȈȒȚȖ ȔȈȌ-ȑȈȌȎȐ ȔȈȔ ȕȈȔȈșȒțȘț — «ǪșȍȋȌȈ ȌțȔȈȑ ȖȉȖ Ǵȕȍ, ȊȣȘȈȎȈȑ Ǵȕȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȑșȧ Ǵȕȍ» (ǩ.-ȋ., 9.34). DzȈȎȌȣȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌțȔȈȚȤ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, Ȑ ȥȚȖȔț ȕȐȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȔȍȠȈȚȤ. ȅȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȔȘȐȚȖȑ . ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕ Ȋ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ- ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȔȘȐȚț, ȕȍ ȗȘȖșȐȚ ț DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ. ǪȔȍșȚȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȗȕ ȔȖȓȐȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȗȉ ȖȌȕȖȔ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȐ — ȗȖȏȊȖȓȐȚȤ ȍȔț ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȚȤ șȓȈȊț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȐȘț. ǴȈȔȈ ȌȎȈȕȔȈȕȐ ȌȎȈȕȔȈȕȐȠȊȈȘȍ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈȌ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȘ ȈȝȈȐȚțȒȐ ȚȊȈȑȐ . ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȕȍ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ ȌȈȎȍ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȒȘțȋȖȊȖȘȖȚȈ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȔȖȓȐȚ DzȘȐȠȕț: «ǭșȓȐ Ǻȣ ȝȖȟȍȠȤ, ȧ ȔȖȋț ȘȖȎȌȈȚȤșȧ șȕȖȊȈ Ȑ șȕȖȊȈ, ȕȖ ȔȖȓȦ Ǻȍȉȧ ȓȐȠȤ Ȗȉ ȖȌȕȖȔ — ȗȖȏȊȖȓȤ Ȕȕȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȓțȎȐȚȤ Ǻȍȉȍ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 46 170


171 ȑȍ ȊȐȒȠȐȗȚȍȕȌȘȐȑȈ-ȌȝȐȑȖ ȌȍȊȈș Țȍ șȊȈ-ȝȘȐȌȐ șȚȝȐȚȈȔ ȕȈ ȊȐȕȌȈȕȚȐ ȗȘȐȑȈȔ ȠȈȠȊȈȌ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȒȐȔ țȚȈȗȈȘȍ ȑȍ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ; ȊȐȒȠȐȗȚȈ-ȐȕȌȘȐȑȈ-ȌȝȐȑȈȝ — Țȍ, ȟȤȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ, țȔ Ȑ ȘȈȏțȔ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȊȖȏȉțȎȌȍȕȣ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȑ; ȌȍȊȈȝ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ; Țȍ — Țȍ; șȊȈ-ȝȘȐȌȐ — Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȍ; șȚȝȐȚȈȔ — ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȍȋȖșȧ; ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȊȐȕȌȈȕȚȐ — ȏȕȈȦȚ; ȗȘȐȑȈȔ — șȈȔȖȋȖ ȌȖȘȖȋȖȋȖ (ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ); ȠȈȠȊȈȚ — ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ (ȊȍȟȕȖ); ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȒȐȔ țȚȈ — ȟȚȖ Ȏȍ; ȈȗȈȘȍ — ȌȘțȋȐȍ (ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȓȦȌȐ). ǽȖȚȧ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȕȈ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ, Ȑȝ țȔ, ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȘȈȏțȔ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȊȖȏȉțȎȌȍȕȣ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ țșȓȖȊȐȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȌȈȎȍ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȌțȠȈȔ ȕȍ țȌȈȍȚșȧ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȍȟȕȖ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȋȖ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȌȘțȋȐȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȝ, ȚȈȒȐȝ ȒȈȒ ȓȦȌȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȒțȌȈ ȔȍȕȤȠȐȔȐ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȧȔȐ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǰȏȊȍșȚȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ (ȐȠȊȈȘȈȝ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ ȝȘȐȌ-ȌȍȠȍ 'ȘȌȎțȕȈ ȚȐȠȚȝȈȚȐ) . ǵȖ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖ Ȕȣ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȟȍȔ- ȚȖ ȊșȚȘȍȊȖȎȍȕȣ (ȟȚȖ ȕȍȐȏȉȍȎȕȖ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ), ȕȈȔ ȕȍ țȌȈȍȚșȧ ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȍȋȖșȧ ȚȈȒ ȉȓȐȏȒȖ ȖȚ ȕȈș. ǺȍȔ, ȟȍȑ țȔ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȊȖȏȉțȎȌȍȕ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ țșȓȖȊȐȑ, ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȑȖȋȖȑ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȚȤ șȊȖȑ țȔ ȕȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ. ǬȝȑȈȕȈȊȈșȚȝȐȚȈ- ȚȈȌ-ȋȈȚȍȕȈ ȔȈȕȈșȈ ȗȈȠȑȈȕȚȐ ȑȈȔ ȑȖȋȐȕȈȝ . Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ țȔ Ȑ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȊȖȏȉțȎȌȍȕȣ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ țȗȘȈȎȕȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȑȖȋȐ, ȒȈȒ ȌȝȈȘȈȕȈ, ȈșȈȕȈ Ȑ ȌȝȤȧȕȈ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ țșȗȖȒȖȐȚȤ țȔ Ȑ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȕȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȚȈȒȈȧ ȑȖȋȈ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ, ȐȓȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, — ȥȚȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ șȗȖșȖȉ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ȊȣȉȘȈȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț țȚȘȈȚȐȓ ȐȕȚȍȘȍș ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț. DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (18.55): ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ ȔȈȔ ȈȉȝȐȌȎȈȕȈȚȐ . «ǷȖșȚȐȟȤ Ǵȍȕȧ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ». ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȧșȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ DzȘȐȠȕț, ȐȓȐ ǷȈȘȈȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȐȋȌȍ ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ǭȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȑȖȋȐ ȐȓȐ Ȋ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȍ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȝ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȑ. ǩȝȈȒȚȐ ȊȣȠȍ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȔȍȚȖȌȖȊ. ǨȕȑȈȉȝȐȓȈȠȐȚȈȠțȕȑȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȒȈȘȔȈȌȑ- ȈȕȈȊȘȐȚȈȔ. ǷțȚȤ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ ȟȐșȚ Ȑ șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ ȗȘȐȔȍșȍȑ ȋȤȧȕȣ Ȑ ȔȐȘșȒȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 47 ȈȚȝȍȠȈ-ȔȈȑȈ-ȘȈȟȐȚȍȠț șȈȕȋȈȔ ȋțȕȍȠț ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȈ-ȗțȘȖȗȈȔȍȠț ȘțȌȝȈȔ ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȑȈȚȔȈȕȐ ȊȐȠȊȈ-ȒȈȘȚțȘ ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ ȝȐȚȊȈ ȚȈȔ ȈȝȈȔ ȗȘȈȗȈȌȑȍ ȈȚȝȈ — ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȐȠȈ-ȔȈȑȈ — ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȘȈȟȐȚȍȠț — Ȋ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȝ; șȈȕȋȈȔ — ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ; ȋțȕȍȠț — Ȋ ȋțȕȈȝ 171


172 ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȈ-ȗțȘȈ-țȗȈȔȍȠț — Ȋ Țȍȝ, ȟȚȖ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ș ȐȓȓȦȏȐȍȑ ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȈ-ȗțȘȣ, ȋȖȘȖȌȈ ȐȓȐ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȏȌȈȕȐȑ Ȋ ȓȍșț ȐȓȐ ȕȈ ȋȖȘȍ; ȘțȌȝȈȔ — ȔȖȡȕțȦ; ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȑȈ — ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ; ȈȚȔȈȕȐ — Ȋ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ; ȊȐȠȊȈ-ȒȈȘȚțȝ — ȚȊȖȘȞȈ Ȋșȍȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; ȉȝȈȊȍȕȈ — ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ; ȝȐȚȊȈ — ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ; ȚȈȔ — ǭȔț (ǫȖșȗȖȌț); ȈȝȈȔ — ȧ; ȗȘȈȗȈȌȑȍ — ȗȘȍȌȈȦșȤ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȕȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț, ȟȚȖ șȖȏȌȈȕȖ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ȇ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȔȣșȓȐ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ǭȔț. ȅȚȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ, șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȔȐȘȈȎț ȐȓȐ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȦ ȋȖȘȖȌȈ ȕȈ ȝȖȓȔȍ ȐȓȐ ȗȖșȘȍȌȐ ȓȍșȈ. DzȈȎȌȈȧ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȗȐȚȈȍȚ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț, ȕȖ ȥȚț ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ȕțȎȕȖ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȖȚȉȘȖșȐȚȤ Ȑ ȊȘțȟȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȖȓȍȚȈȧ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȓȍȚȍ ȕȈȌ ȋȖȘȈȔȐ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ Ȋ ȕȍȉȍ ȋȖȘȖȌ șȖ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖȔ ȉȈȠȍȕ Ȑ ȌȊȖȘȞȖȊ. ǺȖ Ȏȍ șȈȔȖȍ șȓțȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȔ ȓȍșț. ȅȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȋȈȕȌȝȈȘȊȈ- ȗțȘȖȑ, ȔȐȘȈȎȖȔ. ǪȍșȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȔȐȘȈȎ, Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ, ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȥȚȖȔț ȔȐȘȈȎț. ǵȖ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ, șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȔȣșȓȧȔȐ ȕȈ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȉȣȓ ȘȈȊȕȖȌțȠȍȕ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț. ǽȖȚȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ, ȒȈȏȈȓȖșȤ ȉȣ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȌȍȓȈȔȐ, Ȗȕ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ șȊȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ǵȐȘȉȈȕȌȝȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-șȈȔȉȈȕȌȝȍ ȑțȒȚȈȔ ȊȈȐȘȈȋȑȈȔ țȟȑȈȚȍ . ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈ Ȍȓȧ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȗȕ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒțȍȚ ȦȒȚȈ- ȊȈȑȘȈȋȤȦ, ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ șȈȔȖȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍ. Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȕȐȟȍȔ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ: Ȋșȍ ȕțȎȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǺȈȒȖȊȖ țȔȖȕȈșȚȘȖȍȕȐȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ șȖȊȍȚțȍȚ ȏȌȍșȤ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȚȤșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖșȚȐȋȕȍȚ țșȗȍȝȈ Ȋ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ȅȚȖ Ȑ ȍșȚȤ ȟȐșȚȈȧ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈ, ȗȖȌȘȈȏțȔȍȊȈȦȡȈȧ ȊȈȑȘȈȋȤȧ-ȊȐȌȤȦ — șȈȔȖȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ȊȈȐȘȈȋȑȈ-ȊȐȌȑȈ-ȕȐȌȎȈ-ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈȠȐȒȠȈȘȚȝȈȔ ȥȒȈȝ ȗțȘțȠȈȝ ȗțȘȈȕȈȝ ȠȘȐ-ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȟȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ-ȠȈȘȐȘȈ-ȌȝȈȘȐ ȒȘȐȗȈȔȉțȌȝȐȘ ȑȈș ȚȈȔ ȈȝȈȔ ȗȘȈȗȈȌȑȍ «ȇ ȊȘțȟȈȦ șȍȉȧ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ȀȘȐ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț. Ƕȕ — ȖȒȍȈȕ ȔȐȓȖșȍȘȌȐȧ. Ƕȕ ȕȐșȠȍȓ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈțȟȐȚȤ ȕȈș șȊȖȉȖȌȍ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ, ȌȈȚȤ ȕȈȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗțȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǭȔț» (ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ-ȟȈȕȌȘȖȌȈȧ- ȕȈȚȈȒȈ, 6.74). ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȟȈȑȚȈȕȤȧ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȏȈȓȖȎȐȓ ȖșȕȖȊț ȊȈȑȘȈȋȤȧ-ȊȐȌȤȐ, ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖȌȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈȌ țȘȖȊȕȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ Ȑ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ Ȋ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ — ȥȚȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ șȗȖșȖȉ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȓȖȎȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȔȕȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȋȖȘȌȣȕȐ, ȗȘȐșțȡȐȝ ȊșȍȔ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 48 ȐȚȐ ȊȑȈȊȈșȐȚȖ ȉțȌȌȝȑȈ ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ-ȋȘȐȝȐȚȈȑȈ ȝȐȚȊȈȕȑȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȈȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ 172


173 ȚȈȚȈȝ șȊȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȈșȚȝȐȚȈȝ ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȊȑȈȊȈșȐȚȈȝ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȑ ȘȍȠȐȔȖșȚȐ; ȉțȌȌȝȑȈ — ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ; ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȋȘȐȝȐȚȈȑȈ — ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȉțȏȌȈȕȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǵȈȘȈȧȕȣ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȝȐȚȊȈ — ȖȚȉȘȖșȐȊ; ȈȕȑȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȔ — ȐȕȖȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȖȚȓȐȟȕȖȍ ȖȚ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ; ȈȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ — ȧȊȓȧȦȡȍȍșȧ ȕȍ ȟȍȔ ȐȕȣȔ, ȒȈȒ ȉȍșȗȘȖȋȓȧȌȕȣȔ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ȚȤȔȖȑ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; șȊȈȔ — șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ șȓțȋȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ; ȉȝȈȊȈȔ — ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ; ȈșȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȕȧȊȠȐȑ. ǺȈȒ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȘȈȏțȔȈ, ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȕȖȋȖ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȗȘȍȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓșȧ ȘȍȠȐȔȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȖȚȉȘȖșȐȓ ȓȖȎȕȖȍ ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȍȕȐȍ șȍȉȧ ș ȚȍȓȖȔ, ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ, ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ șȓțȋȐ, Ȗȕ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȓ șȍȉȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȟȐșȚȣȔ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȗȘȈȊȈ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȊȈȚȤ ȐȔ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȑ DzȘȐȠȕț, ȊȣȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑȏ ȚȤȔȣ ȕȍȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚ șȊȖȍ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ǬȎȐȊȍȘȈ `șȊȈȘțȗȈ' ȝȈȑȈ — ȒȘȐȠȕȍȘȈ `ȕȐȚȑȈ- ȌȈșȈ'. ǮȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȍȟȕȣȔ șȓțȋȖȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȌțȠȈ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȖȕȈ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȍȚșȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȔ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 49 ȑȈȚ ȚȈȌ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȗȈȘȈȔ șțȒȠȔȈȔ ȈȠțȕȑȈȔ ȠțȕȑȈ-ȒȈȓȗȐȚȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍȚȐ ȑȈȔ ȋȘȐȕȈȕȚȐ ȝȐ șȈȚȊȈȚȈȝ ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȚȈȚ — ȚȖȚ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȗȈȘȈȔ — ǷȈȘȈȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, DzȘȐȠȕȈ; șțȒȠȔȈȔ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ; ȈȠțȕȑȈȔ — ȕȍ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗțșȚȖȑ; ȠțȕȑȈ-ȒȈȓȗȐȚȈȔ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȋȖ ȕȍȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȊȖȖȉȘȈȎȈȦȚ «ȗțșȚȣȔ»; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ — DzȘȐȠȕȈ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȑȈȔ — ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȋȘȐȕȈȕȚȐ — ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȦȚ; ȝȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; șȈȚȊȈȚȈȝ — ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ. ǵȍȘȈȏțȔȕȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȟȐȚȈȍȚ ǩȖȋȈ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ ȐȓȐ ȗțșȚȣȔ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ — ǪȈșțȌȍȊț, DzȘȐȠȕț. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȍȕ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȖȕȧȚȤ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȔȖȋțȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» (1.2.11) ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ: ȊȈȌȈȕȚȐ ȚȈȚ ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȊȐȌȈș ȚȈȚȚȊȈȔ ȑȈȌȎ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȈȌȊȈȑȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȍȚȐ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȍȚȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȐȚȐ ȠȈȉȌȑȈȚȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț ȗȖȏȕȈȦȚ ȕȈ ȚȘȍȝ țȘȖȊȕȧȝ — ȕȈ țȘȖȊȕȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ Ȑ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȈ. ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȍșȚȤ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȊșȍȋȖ șțȡȍȋȖ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ — ȥȚȖ ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȈ, Ȉ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, ȐȓȐ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȐ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȑ ȗȖȊșȦȌț Ȑ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ, ȍșȚȤ ȕȍ ȟȚȖ ȐȕȖȍ, ȒȈȒ ȌȘțȋȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ 173


174 (ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈȝ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȐȚȐ) Ȑ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ șȖȏȕȈȊȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȧ Ȑ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔț, Ȑ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ, Ȗȕ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ, ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȧ DzȘȐȠȕț, ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȗȈȘȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȌȝȈȔȈ ȗȈȊȐȚȘȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ . ǹȓȖȊȈ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȈ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ȊȍȏȌȍșțȡȍȑ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȐ. DzȖȋȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ ȌȍȝȈȔ ȗțȕȈȘ ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȕȈȐȚȐ ȔȈȔ ȥȚȐ, Ƕȕ ȐȔȍȍȚ Ȋ ȊȐȌț, ȟȚȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȑ ȐșȚȐȕț, ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȊȘțȟȐȓ șȍȉȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȥȚȖȔț ȌȖșȚȐȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȌȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǬȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǷȖȚȖȔȒȐ ǨȔȠțȔȈȕȈ».

Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɞɟɫɹɬɚɹ. Ⱦɟɹɧɢɹ ȼɟɪɯɨɜɧɨɝɨ Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɚ Ɋɚɦɚɱɚɧɞɪɵ Ǫ ȌȍșȧȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȐ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ Ƕȕ țȉȐȓ ǸȈȊȈȕț Ȑ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ Ȋ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȦ, șȚȖȓȐȞț ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȐ ȉȣȓ ǬȐȘȋȝȈȉȈȝț, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ — ǸȈȋȝț. ǹȣȕȖȔ ǸȈȋȝț ȉȣȓ ǨȌȎȈ, Ȉ șȣȕȖȔ ǨȌȎȐ — ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȈ. ǻ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȘ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ȟȈȚțȘ-ȊȤȦȝȐ (ȟȍȚȊȍȘȕȖȑ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ) — ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȣ, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȣ Ȑ ȀȈȚȘțȋȝȕȣ, — ǪȈȓȔȐȒȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, ȗȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț, ȖȗȐșȈȓȐ ǭȋȖ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ Ȗȉ ȥȚȐȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȒȖȘȖȚȒȖ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ țȠȍȓ Ȑȏ ȌȖȔȈ ș ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȖȑ Ȑ țȉȐȓ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ — ǴȈȘȐȟț Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȓȖȔȈȓ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȑ Ȑ ȒȘȍȗȒȐȑ ȓțȒ ǽȈȘȈȌȝȈȕț, Ƕȕ ȎȍȕȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ Ȑ ȏȈȚȔȐȓ șȓȈȊț ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔȣ. ǷȖȊȐȕțȧșȤ ȊȖȓȍ ȖȚȞȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȖȑ Ȑ ǹȐȚȖȑ. Ǫ ȓȍșț Ƕȕ ȖȚȘȍȏȈȓ ȕȖș ȀțȘȗȈȕȈȒȝȍ Ȑ țȉȐȓ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȎȍȕȕȣȝ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ ș DzȝȈȘȖȑ Ȑ ǬțȠȈȕȖȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ, ȥȚȖ șȚȈȓȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȖȔ ȍȋȖ ȒȖȕȞȈ. ǬȍȔȖȕ ǴȈȘȐȟȈ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȖȉȓȐȒ ȏȖȓȖȚȖȋȖ Ȗȓȍȕȧ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȏȈ ȕȐȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ Ȗȓȍȕȧ Ȋ ȗȖȌȈȘȖȒ ǹȐȚȍ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ, ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȊȠȐșȤ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ȍȍ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȖȑ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȗȖȐșȒȐ ǹȐȚȣ. ǷȖ ȗțȚȐ ǶȕȐ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓȐ ǬȎȈȚȈȦ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ țȉȐȓ ȌȍȔȖȕȈ DzȈȉȈȕȌȝț Ȑ ǪȈȓȐ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȐȓ ȌȘțȎȍșȒȐȑ șȖȦȏ ș ǹțȋȘȐȊȖȑ. ǹȖȉȘȈȊ ȊȖȑșȒȖ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋ ȖȒȍȈȕȈ, ȋȌȍ șȚȈȓ ȎȌȈȚȤ ȗȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǹȈȔțȌȘȣ, ȉȖȋȈ ȖȒȍȈȕȈ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ǹȈȔțȌȘȈ ȌȖȓȋȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȧȊȓȧȓșȧ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȊȓȈșȚȍȓȐȕ ǹȈȔțȌȘȣ, ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȋ ȋȕȍȊ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǹȈȔțȌȘȈ șȗȍȠȕȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȓ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ, ȗȘȐȗȈȊ Ȓ ǭȋȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ, ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ ǭȔț șȊȖȦ ȗȖȔȖȡȤ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȍȘȍȒȐȕțȓ ȔȖșȚ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȖȒȍȈȕ Ȑ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȖȑ ȕȈȗȈȓ ȕȈ șȚȖȓȐȞț ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, dzȈȕȒț. ǷȍȘȍȌ ȥȚȐȔ ǽȈȕțȔȈȕ, Ȋȍȟȕȣȑ șȓțȋȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȌȎȍȋ dzȈȕȒț. ǷȍȘȍȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐșȤ ȕȈ dzȈȕȒț, ȊȖȑșȒȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȣ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȓȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȖȐȕȖȊ-ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ. ǸȈȊȈȕț țȉȐȓ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ. ǴȈȕȌȖȌȈȘȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ Ȏȍȕȣ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ ȖȗȓȈȒȐȊȈȓȐ ȍȋȖ șȔȍȘȚȤ. ǹȓȍȌțȧ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȦ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȗȖȋȘȍȉȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȧȌ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔ ȗȖȋȐȉȠȐȔ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȈȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕț ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ dzȈȕȒȐ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȕȈ 174


175 ȌȖȓȋțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȓ ǹȐȚț Ȑȏ ȓȍșȈ ǨȠȖȒȐ Ȑ ȕȈ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȖȔ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȍ, șȌȍȓȈȕȕȖȔ Ȑȏ ȞȊȍȚȖȊ, ȗȘȐȊȍȏ ȍȍ Ȋ ǹȊȖȦ șȚȖȓȐȞț, ǨȑȖȌȝȤȦ, ȋȌȍ ǰȝ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ, ȉȘȈȚ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȊȖȠȍȓ Ȋ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȦ, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ ȗȘȐȕȍș ǭȔț ȌȍȘȍȊȧȕȕȣȍ șȈȕȌȈȓȐȐ, ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈ Ȑ ǹțȋȘȐȊȈ ȖȔȈȝȐȊȈȓȐ ǭȋȖ ȖȗȈȝȈȓȖȔ Ȑ ȊȍȍȘȈȔȐ, ǽȈȕțȔȈȕ ȌȍȘȎȈȓ ȕȈȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȏȖȕȚ, ȀȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈ ȕȍș ǭȋȖ ȓțȒ Ȑ ȌȊȈ ȒȖȓȟȈȕȈ șȖ șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ, Ȉ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ — ȒțȊȠȐȕ ș ȊȖȌȖȑ Ȑȏ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȔȍșȚ. ǨȕȋȈȌȈ ȕȍș Ȕȍȟ, Ȉ ǬȎȈȔȉȈȊȈȕ (ǸȐȒȠȈȘȈȌȎȈ) — ȡȐȚ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ Ȋ șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȣ Ȑ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓșȧ șȖ ȊșȍȔȐ ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȈȔȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȊȖȏȊȍȓ ǭȋȖ ȕȈ ȚȘȖȕ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȋȓȈȊȣ ȒȖȘȖȚȒȖ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ Ȋ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȒȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈȌ ȌȐȘȋȝȈȉȈȝțȠ ȟȈ ȘȈȋȝțș ȚȈșȔȈȚ ȗȘȐȚȝț-ȠȘȈȊȈȝ ȈȌȎȈș ȚȈȚȖ ȔȈȝȈ-ȘȈȌȎȈș ȚȈșȔȈȌ ȌȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȒȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȈȚ — ȖȚ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȐ; ȌȐȘȋȝȈȉȈȝțȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȐȘȋȝȈȉȈȝț; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȘȈȋȝțȝ ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ ǸȈȋȝț (ȉȣȓ ȘȖȎȌȍȕ); ȗȘȐȚȝț-ȠȘȈȊȈȝ — șȊȧȚȖȑ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȈȌȎȈȝ — șȣȕ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȌȎȈ; ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȘȈȌȎȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȞȈȘȤ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȈ); ȚȈșȔȈȚ — ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ (ȖȚ ǨȌȎȐ); ȌȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȈȝ — ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȈ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǻ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ DzȝȈȚȊȈȕȋȐ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ǬȐȘȋȝȈȉȈȝț, Ȉ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȔ șȚȈȓ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǸȈȋȝț. ǻ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǸȈȋȝț ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǨȌȎȈ, Ȉ ț ǨȌȎȐ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȚȈșȑȈȗȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȥȠȈ șȈȒȠȈȌ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȔȈȑȖ ȝȈȘȐȝ ȈȔȠȈȔȠȍȕȈ ȟȈȚțȘȌȝȈȋȈȚ ȗțȚȘȈȚȊȈȔ ȗȘȈȘȚȝȐȚȈȝ șțȘȈȐȝ ȘȈȔȈ-ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ-ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ ȠȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈ ȐȚȐ șȈȔȌȎȕȈȑȈ ȚȈșȑȈ — ȍȋȖ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȐ); ȈȗȐ — Ȏȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȥȠȈȝ — ȥȚȖȚ; șȈȒȠȈȚ — ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȔȈȑȈȝ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǷȈȘȈȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ; ȝȈȘȐȝ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȈȔȠȈ-ȈȔȠȍȕȈ — ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȍȔ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ; ȟȈȚțȘȌȝȈ — ȟȍȚȣȘȤȔȧ (ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ); ȈȋȈȚ — șȚȈȓ; ȗțȚȘȈȚȊȈȔ — șȣȕȖȔ; ȗȘȈȘȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, Ȓ ȒȖȔț ȉȣȓȐ ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȣ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ; șțȘȈȐȝ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ; ȘȈȔȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ; ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ; ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ; ȠȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; șȈȔȌȎȕȈȑȈ — ȐȔȍȕȍȔ.

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176 ǪȕȧȊ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȈȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ǹȈȔȈ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ, ȧȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȏȍȔȓȦ, șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȍȑ Ȑ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȧȔȐ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ. ǰȝ șȊȧȚȣȍ ȐȔȍȕȈ — ǸȈȔȈ, dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ Ȑ ȀȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈ. ȅȚȐ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖȧȊȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ — dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ Ȑ ȀȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈ — ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȌȎȐȊȈ-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ ǹȍȉȧ Ȋ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȜȖȘȔ. ǨȌȊȈȐȚȈȔ ȈȟȑțȚȈȔ ȈȕȈȌȐȔ ȈȕȈȕȚȈ-ȘțȗȈȔ . ǽȖȚȧ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ — ȖȌȕȈ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȖ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȍ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊ Ȑ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ. DzȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈșȈȔȝȐȚȍ» (5.39), ȘȈȔȈȌȐ-ȔțȘȚȐȠț ȒȈȓȈ-ȕȐȑȈȔȍȕȈ ȚȐȠȚȝȈȕ . ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȖȉȓȐȒȈȝ — ȒȈȒ ǸȈȔȈ, dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ Ȑ ȀȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȧȊȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ǭȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. ȅȚȐ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ Ȋȍȟȕȣ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȒȈȒ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ. ǶȕȐ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣ șȊȍȟȈȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȊȍȚȧȚ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȧȘȒȖ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ Ȑ ȀȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈ — ȘȈȊȕȣȍ Ȋ ǹȊȖȍȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ — ȖȚȒȓȐȒȕțȓȐșȤ ȕȈ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ Ȑ ȗȘȐȠȓȐ ȕȈ ȏȍȔȓȦ, șȚȈȊ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȚȈșȑȈȕțȟȈȘȐȚȈȔ ȘȈȌȎȈȕȕ ȘȐȠȐȉȝȐș ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȌȈȘȠȐȉȝȐȝ ȠȘțȚȈȔ ȝȐ ȊȈȘȕȐȚȈȔ ȉȝțȘȐ ȚȊȈȑȈ șȐȚȈ-ȗȈȚȍȘ Ȕțȝțȝ ȚȈșȑȈ — ǭȋȖ (ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȉȘȈȚȤȍȊ); ȈȕțȟȈȘȐȚȈȔ — ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ (ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ); ȘȐȠȐȉȝȐȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ ȐȓȐ șȊȧȚȣȔȐ; ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȌȈȘȠȐȉȝȐȝ — ȗȖșȚȐȋȠȐȔȐ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț; ȠȘțȚȈȔ — ȊȣșȓțȠȈȕȕȣȍ; ȝȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȊȈȘȕȐȚȈȔ — ȏȈȔȍȟȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ; ȉȝțȘȐ — ȔȕȖȋȖ; ȚȊȈȑȈ — ȚȖȉȖȑ; șȐȚȈ-ȗȈȚȍȝ — ȔțȎȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ǹȐȚȣ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ); Ȕțȝțȝ — ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȖȗȐșȈȕȣ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ șȊȧȚȣȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ țȏȘȍȓȐ ȐșȚȐȕț. Ǻȣ ȚȖȎȍ ȕȍ ȘȈȏ țȎȍ șȓȣȠȈȓ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȍ, șțȗȘțȋȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ǹȐȚȣ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȧ ȘȈșșȒȈȎț Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ȒȖȘȖȚȒȖ. ǷȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, ȗȖșȓțȠȈȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȍ ȘȈȒȠȈșȣ, șȟȐȚȈȦȡȐȍ șȍȉȧ ȊȣșȖȒȖȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȌȖȒȚȖȘșȒȐȍ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ, ȗȣȚȈȦȚșȧ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ — ȕȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȉ Ȗȉȣȟȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȏȕȈȦȡȐȍ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȖȋȓȈșȧȚșȧ ș ȥȚȐȔ ȔȕȍȕȐȍȔ. ǶȕȐ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ Ȋ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ ȚȈȚȚȊȈȌȈȘȠȐ, ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, ȗȖșȚȐȋȠȐȝ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (4.34) ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȖȊȍȚțȍȚ: ȚȈȌ ȊȐȌȌȝȐ ȗȘȈȕȐȗȈȚȍȕȈ ȗȈȘȐȗȘȈȠȕȍȕȈ șȍȊȈȑȈ țȗȈȌȍȒȠȑȈȕȚȐ Țȍ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȕȐȕȈș ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȌȈȘȠȐȕȈȝ 176


177 «ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȐșȚȐȕț, ȊȘțȟȐ șȍȉȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ. ǪȖȗȘȖȠȈȑ ȍȋȖ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ Ȑ șȓțȎȐ ȍȔț. ǶșȖȏȕȈȊȠȈȧ șȍȉȧ ȌțȠȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȈȚȤ Țȍȉȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȐȉȖ ȖȕȈ ȊȐȌȐȚ ȐșȚȐȕț». ǷȖȒȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ șȚȈȓ ȚȈȚȚȊȈ- ȌȈȘȠȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȗȖȒȈ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȗȖșȚȐȋ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț, Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȚȤ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȑȏ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȈ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȡȐȝ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȝ «ǸȈȔȈȧȕ», ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȦȚ Ȗ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, ȌȈȓȍȒȖ ȕȍ Ȋșȍ ȌȖșȚȖȊȍȘȕȣ. ǿȈșȚȖ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȐȏȓȈȋȈȦȚșȧ ȕȈ ȖșȕȖȊȍ ȟȤȍȋȖ-ȚȖ ȊȖȖȉȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ, ȌȖȔȣșȓȖȊ ȐȓȐ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ șȈȕȚȐȔȍȕȚȖȊ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȍ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȤșȧ ȒȈȒ Ȓ ȗȓȖȌț ȟȤȍȋȖ-ȚȖ ȊȖȖȉȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ. ǵȈȟȐȕȈȧ șȊȖȑ ȘȈșșȒȈȏ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȍ, ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚț: «Ǻȣ ȕȍ ȘȈȏ țȎȍ șȓȣȠȈȓ Ȗ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ». ǰȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ țȎȍ ȗȧȚȤ Țȣșȧȟ ȓȍȚ ȕȈȏȈȌ ȉȣȓȖ ȔȕȖȋȖ «ǸȈȔȈȧȕ», ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȦȡȐȝ Ȗ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ. ǴȕȖȋȖ Ȑȝ Ȑ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ. ǵȖ Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȊȣȉȐȘȈȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Țȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȗȐșȈȕȣ ȗȖșȚȐȋȠȐȔȐ ȐșȚȐȕț ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ (ȌȎȕȈȕȐȕȈș ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȌȈȘȠȐȕȈȝ), Ȉ ȕȍ ȔȕȐȔȣȔȐ țȟȍȕȣȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȍȚȍȕȌțȦȚ ȕȈ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȕȐȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȈ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȐȐ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȖȒȚȖȘșȒȖȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ. ǺȈȒȖȊȖ ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȍȘȍȎȍȕȐȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǸȐȠȐȉȝȐș ȚȈȚȚȊȈȌȈȘȠȐȉȝȐȝ. «ǸȈȔȈȧȕȈ», șȖȏȌȈȕȕȈȧ ǪȈȓȔȐȒȐ, ȖȋȘȖȔȕȈ ȗȖ ȖȉȢȍȔț, ȕȖ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȏȌȍșȤ Ȗ Țȍȝ Ȏȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊșȍȋȖ Ȋ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȐȝ șȚȐȝȈȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȋțȘȊ-ȈȘȚȝȍ ȚȑȈȒȚȈ-ȘȈȌȎȑȖ ȊȑȈȟȈȘȈȌ ȈȕțȊȈȕȈȔ ȗȈȌȔȈ-ȗȈȌȉȝȑȈȔ ȗȘȐȑȈȑȈȝ ȗȈȕȐ-șȗȈȘȠȈȒȠȈȔȈȉȝȑȈȔ ȔȘȐȌȎȐȚȈ-ȗȈȚȝȈ-ȘțȌȎȖ ȑȖ ȝȈȘȐȕȌȘȈȕțȌȎȈȉȝȑȈȔ ȊȈȐȘțȗȑȈȟ ȟȝțȘȗȈȕȈȒȝȑȈȝ ȗȘȐȑȈ-ȊȐȘȈȝȈ-ȘțȠȈȘȖȗȐȚȈ-ȉȝȘț-ȊȐȌȎȘȐȔȉȝȈȚȘȈșȚȈȉȌȝȐȘ ȉȈȌȌȝȈ-șȍȚțȝ ȒȝȈȓȈ-ȌȈȊȈ-ȌȈȝȈȕȈȝ ȒȖșȈȓȍȕȌȘȖ 'ȊȈȚȈȕ ȕȈȝ ȋțȘț-ȈȘȚȝȍ — ȘȈȌȐ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȌȈȕȕȖȍ ȖȚȞȖȔ ȖȉȍȡȈȕȐȍ; ȚȑȈȒȚȈȘȈȌȎȑȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȍȔ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȕțȚȖ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ; ȊȑȈȟȈȘȈȚ — șȒȐȚȈȓșȧ; ȈȕțȊȈȕȈȔ — ȗȖ ȓȍșȈȔ; ȗȈȌȔȈ-ȗȈȌȉȝȑȈȔ — ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔȐ șȚȖȗȈȔȐ; ȗȘȐȑȈȑȈȝ — ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ ǭȔț șțȗȘțȋȐ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ǹȐȚȣ; ȗȈȕȐ-șȗȈȘȠȈ-ȈȒȠȈȔȈȉȝȑȈȔ — șȚȖȓȤ ȕȍȎȕȣȔȐ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȊȣȕȖșȐȓȐ ȌȈȎȍ ȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȧ ȓȈȌȖȕȐ (ǹȐȚȣ); ȔȘȐȌȎȐȚȈ-ȗȈȚȝȈ-ȘțȌȎȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȧ țșȚȈȓȖșȚȤ, ȊȣȏȊȈȕȕȈȧ ȌȖȓȋȖȑ ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ, ȉȣȓȈ țșȚȘȈȕȍȕȈ; ȑȈȝ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ); ȝȈȘȐȕȌȘȈȈȕțȌȎȈȉȝȑȈȔ — dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȖȑ, ǭȋȖ ȔȓȈȌȠȐȔ ȉȘȈȚȖȔ, Ȑ ȞȈȘȍȔ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ ǽȈȕțȔȈȕȖȔ; ȊȈȐȘțȗȑȈȚ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍȕȐȧ țȘȖȌșȚȊȈ; ȠțȘȗȈȕȈȒȝȑȈȝ — ȘȈȒȠȈșȐ (ȌȍȔȖȕȐȞȣ) ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȀțȘȗȈȕȈȒȝȈ; ȗȘȐȑȈ-ȊȐȘȈȝȈ — Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ ș ȓȦȉȐȔȖȑ șțȗȘțȋȖȑ; ȘțȠȈ ȈȘȖȗȐȚȈ-ȉȝȘț-ȊȐȌȎȘȐȔȉȝȈ — ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț (ǭȋȖ) ȉȘȖȊȐ ȗȖȌȕȧȓȐșȤ Ȑ ȏȈȚȘȍȗȍȚȈȓȐ ȖȚ ȋȕȍȊȈ; ȚȘȈșȚȈ — ȕȈȗțȋȈȕ; ȈȉȌȝȐȝ — ȖȒȍȈȕ; ȉȈȌȌȝȈ- șȍȚțȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȍȔ ȉȣȓ șȖȖȘțȎȍȕ ȔȖșȚ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȖȒȍȈȕ; ȒȝȈȓȈ-ȌȈȊȈ- ȌȈȝȈȕȈȝ — șȘȈȏȐȊȠȐȑ ȏȈȊȐșȚȕȐȒȖȊ, ȕȈȗȖȌȖȉȐȍ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, ȒȈȒ ȖȋȖȕȤ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ ȓȍș; ȒȖșȈȓȈ-ȐȕȌȘȈȝ — ȞȈȘȤ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȐ; ȈȊȈȚȈȚ — ȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ (ȕȈȔȐ) Ȑ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚ; ȕȈȝ — ȕȈș. ȟȚȖȉȣ ǭȋȖ ȖȚȍȞ șȌȍȘȎȈȓ șȊȖȍ șȓȖȊȖ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȓșȧ ȖȚ ȗȘȍșȚȖȓȈ Ȑ ȊȔȍșȚȍ șȖ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ — ȔȈȚȍȘȤȦ ǹȐȚȖȑ — șȚȈȓ șȚȘȈȕșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖ ȓȍșȈȔ, ȝȖȚȧ ȕȍȎȕȣȍ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȍ șȚȖȗȣ ǭȋȖ ȉȣȓȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣ ȌȈȎȍ Ȓ ȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȦ ȓȈȌȖȕȍȑ ǹȐȚȣ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȓ ǽȈȕțȔȈȕ, ȞȈȘȤ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ [ȐȓȐ ȌȘțȋȈȧ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȈ, ǹțȋȘȐȊȈ], Ȑ ȔȓȈȌȠȐȑ ȉȘȈȚ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ; ȖȉȈ ȖȕȐ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȓȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ țșȚȈȊȈȓ ȖȚ șȒȐȚȈȕȐȑ ȗȖ ȓȍșț. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉȍȏȖȉȘȈȏȐȓ 177


178 ȀțȘȗȈȕȈȒȝț, ȖȚȘȍȏȈȊ ȍȑ țȠȐ Ȑ ȕȖș, ǭȋȖ ȘȈȏȓțȟȐȓȐ ș ǹȐȚȖȑ. ǸȈȏȋȕȍȊȈȊȠȐșȤ Ȑ ȕȈȝȔțȘȐȊ ȉȘȖȊȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȐșȗțȋȈȓ ȖȒȍȈȕ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȐȓ ǭȔț ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȚȤ ȔȖșȚ. ǷȖȚȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊșȚțȗȐȓ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ Ȑ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȓ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȌȍȔȖȕȈ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȎȈȘ ȌȖȚȓȈ șȎȐȋȈȍȚ ȓȍș. ǷțșȚȤ Ȏȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȕȈș. ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȊȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈȌȝȊȈȘȍ ȑȍȕȈ ȔȈȘȐȟȈȌȑȈ ȕȐȠȈ-ȟȈȘȈȝ ȗȈȠȑȈȚȖ ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈșȑȈȐȊȈ ȝȈȚȈ ȕȈȐȘȘȐȚȈ-ȗțȕȋȈȊȈȝ ȊȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ-ȈȌȝȊȈȘȍ — ȚȈȔ, ȋȌȍ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ; ȑȍȕȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ); ȔȈȘȐȟȈ- ȈȌȑȈȝ — ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȍ ǴȈȘȐȟȐ; ȕȐȠȈ-ȟȈȘȈȝ — ȕȍȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȉȓțȎȌȈȦȡȐȍ ȗȖ ȕȖȟȈȔ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȊȖ ȚȤȔȍ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ; ȗȈȠȑȈȚȈȝ ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈșȑȈ — Ȋ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȐ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȣ; ȥȊȈ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȝȈȚȈȝ — șȘȈȎȍȕȣ; ȕȈȐȘȘȐȚȈ-ȗțȕȋȈȊȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȊȖȌȐȚȍȓȐ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ. ǺȈȔ, ȋȌȍ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȐȚȘȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ȞȈȘȤ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȐ, țȉȐȓ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ, ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ Ȑ ȌȐȒȈȘȍȑ, ȗȖȒȘȣȚȣȝ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ȉȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȝ ȗȖ ȕȖȟȈȔ ȗȖ ȓȍșț. ǷțșȚȤ Ȏȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȊȠȐȑ ȥȚȐȝ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ ȕȈ ȋȓȈȏȈȝ ț dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȣ, ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȖ ȌȈȘțȍȚ ȕȈȔ ȏȈȡȐȚț. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 6 - 7 ȑȖ ȓȖȒȈ-ȊȐȘȈ-șȈȔȐȚȈț ȌȝȈȕțȘ ȈȐȠȈȔ țȋȘȈȔ șȐȚȈ-șȊȈȑȈȔȊȈȘȈ-ȋȘȐȝȍ ȚȘȐȠȈȚȖȗȈȕȐȚȈȔ ȈȌȈȑȈ ȉȈȓȈ-ȋȈȌȎȈ-ȓȐȓȈ ȐȊȍȒȠț-ȑȈȠȚȐȔ șȈȌȎȌȎȑȐ-ȒȘȐȚȈȔ ȕȘȐȗȈ ȊȐȒȘȐȠȑȈ ȉȈȉȝȈȕȌȎȈ ȔȈȌȝȑȍ ȌȎȐȚȊȈȕțȘțȗȈ-ȋțȕȈ-ȠȐȓȈ-ȊȈȑȖ 'ȕȋȈ-ȘțȗȈȔ șȐȚȈȉȝȐȌȝȈȔ ȠȘȐȑȈȔ țȘȈșȑ ȈȉȝȐȓȈȉȌȝȈȔȈȕȈȔ ȔȈȘȋȍ ȊȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȉȝȘȐȋțȗȈȚȍȘ ȊȑȈȕȈȑȈȚ ȗȘȈȘțȌȝȈȔ ȌȈȘȗȈȔ ȔȈȝȐȔ ȈȒȘȐȚȈ ȑȈș ȚȘȐȘ ȈȘȈȌȎȈ-ȉȐȌȎȈȔ ȑȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȓȖȒȈ-ȊȐȘȈ-șȈȔȐȚȈț — șȘȍȌȐ ȋȍȘȖȍȊ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ; ȌȝȈȕțȝ — ȓțȒ; ȈȐȠȈȔ — ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ; țȋȘȈȔ — țȎȈșȕȣȑ; șȐȚȈ-șȊȈȑȈȔȊȈȘȈ-ȋȘȐȝȍ — Ȋ ȏȈȓȍ, ȋȌȍ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȖȊȈȓȈ ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚȈ, șȖȉȐȘȈȦȡȈȧșȧ ȐȏȉȘȈȚȤ șȍȉȍ ȔțȎȈ; ȚȘȐȠȈȚȈ-țȗȈȕȐȚȈȔ — ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍșȓȐ ȚȘȐșȚȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ (ȓțȒ); ȈȌȈȑȈ — ȊȏȧȊ; ȉȈȓȈ-ȋȈȌȎȈ-ȓȐȓȈȝ — ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȑ șȓȖȕȍȕȒț Ȋ ȏȈȘȖșȓȧȝ șȈȝȈȘȕȖȋȖ ȚȘȖșȚȕȐȒȈ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȐȒȠț-ȑȈȠȚȐȔ — șȚȍȉȍȓȤ șȈȝȈȘȕȖȋȖ ȚȘȖșȚȕȐȒȈ; șȈȌȎȌȎȑȐȒȘȐȚȈȔ — ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȉȣȓȈ ȕȈȚȧȕțȚȈ ȚȍȚȐȊȈ; ȕȘȐȗȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ; ȊȐȒȘȐȠȑȈ — șȖȋȕțȊ; ȉȈȉȝȈȕȌȎȈ — șȓȖȔȈȓ; ȔȈȌȝȑȍ — Ȋ șȍȘȍȌȐȕȍ; ȌȎȐȚȊȈ — ȗȖȉȍȌȐȊ; ȈȕțȘțȗȈ — șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ (ǭȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȦ Ȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȍ); ȋțȕȈ — ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȖ; ȠȐȓȈ — ȗȖșȚțȗȒȐ; ȊȈȑȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȍȑ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚ; ȈȕȋȈ — ȚȍȓȖ; ȘțȗȈȔ — Țț, ȟȤȧ ȒȘȈșȖȚȈ; șȐȚȈ- ȈȉȝȐȌȝȈȔ — ȌȍȊțȠȒț ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹȐȚȈ; ȠȘȐȑȈȔ — ȉȖȋȐȕȦ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȧ; țȘȈșȐ — ȕȈ ȋȘțȌȐ; ȈȉȝȐȓȈȉȌȝȈȔȈȕȈȔ — ȖȉȘȍȚȈȦȡȐȑ; ȔȈȘȋȍ — ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ; ȊȘȈȌȎȈȕ — ȐȌțȡȐȑ; ȉȝȘȐȋțȗȈȚȍȝ — ǩȝȘȐȋțȗȈȚȐ; ȊȑȈȕȈȑȈȚ — țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȓ; ȗȘȈȘțȌȝȈȔ — ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ țȒȖȘȍȕȐȊȠțȦșȧ; ȌȈȘȗȈȔ — ȋȖȘȌȣȕȦ; ȔȈȝȐȔ — ȏȍȔȓȦ; ȈȒȘȐȚȈ — șȌȍȓȈȓ; ȑȈȝ — 178


179 ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; ȚȘȐȝ — ȚȘȐȎȌȣ (ȗȖ șȍȔȤ ȘȈȏ); ȈȘȈȌȎȈ — ȞȈȘșȒȐȝ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȑ; ȉȐȌȎȈȔ — ȓȐȠȍȕȕȖȑ șȍȔȍȕȐ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, ȓȐȓȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ șȚȖȓȤ ȟțȌȍșȕȣ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȦȚ ȐȋȘȣ șȓȖȕȍȕȒȈ. ǵȈ șȖșȚȧȏȈȕȐȐ, ȋȌȍ ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚȈ ȊȣȉȐȘȈȓȈ șȍȉȍ ȔțȎȈ, Ƕȕ ȗȖȉȍȌȐȓ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȋȍȘȖȍȊ ȔȐȘȈ Ȑ șȓȖȔȈȓ ȓțȒ, ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȊȠȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ. dzțȒ ȥȚȖȚ ȉȣȓ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȚȧȎȍȓȣȔ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȍȘȍȕȖșȐȓȐ ȚȘȐșȚȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ șȖȋȕțȓ ȍȋȖ, ȕȈȚȧȕțȓ ȚȍȚȐȊț Ȑ șȓȖȔȈȓ ȗȖȗȖȓȈȔ, ȒȈȒ șȓȖȕȍȕȖȒ ȓȖȔȈȍȚ șȚȍȉȍȓȤ șȈȝȈȘȕȖȋȖ ȚȘȖșȚȕȐȒȈ. ǺȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȌȖȉȐȓșȧ ȘțȒȐ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ, ȟȤȧ ȒȘȈșȖȚȈ, ȚȍȓȖșȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȔȈȕȍȘȣ, ȊȖȏȘȈșȚ Ȑ ȕȘȈȊ ȐȔȍȓȐ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț. ǹȐȚȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȉȖȋȐȕȍȑ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȋȘțȌȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȧșȤ Ȑȏ ȌȊȖȘȞȈ ǹȐȚȣ, ȋȌȍ Ƕȕ ȏȈȊȖȍȊȈȓ ȍȍ ȘțȒț, ȗȖȉȍȌȐȊ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȒȖȊ, Ƕȕ ȗȖȊșȚȘȍȟȈȓ ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔț. ǽȖȚȧ ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔȈ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȋȖȘȌȐȓșȧ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȖȌȐȕ ȘȈȏ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȓ ȏȍȔȓȦ ȖȚ ȗȓȍȔȍȕȐ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȚȍȘȗȍȓ ȗȖȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȐȋȘȈȓ ȘȖȓȤ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȧ, ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȊȠȍȋȖ Ȑȏ ȏȕȈȚȕȖȋȖ ȞȈȘșȒȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȑȈȝ șȈȚȑȈ-ȗȈȠȈ-ȗȈȘȐȊȐȚȈ-ȗȐȚțȘ ȕȐȌȍȠȈȔ șȚȘȈȐȕȈșȑȈ ȟȈȗȐ ȠȐȘȈșȈ ȌȎȈȋȘȐȝȍ șȈȉȝȈȘȑȈȝ ȘȈȌȎȑȈȔ ȠȘȐȑȈȔ ȗȘȈȕȈȑȐȕȈȝ șțȝȘȐȌȖ ȕȐȊȈșȈȔ ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ ȑȈȑȈț ȊȈȕȈȔ Ȉșțȕ ȐȊȈ ȔțȒȚȈ-șȈȕȋȈȝ ȑȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ); șȈȚȑȈ-ȗȈȠȈ-ȗȈȘȐȊȐȚȈ-ȗȐȚțȝ — ȖȚȞȈ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȍȡȈȕȐȍȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȗȕ ȌȈȓ șȊȖȍȑ Ȏȍȕȍ; ȕȐȌȍȠȈȔ — ȕȈȒȈȏ; șȚȘȈȐȕȈșȑȈ — șȐȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖȋȖ Ȓ Ȏȍȕȍ (ȖȚȞȈ); ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȈȗȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȠȐȘȈșȈ — ȋȖȓȖȊȖȑ; ȌȎȈȋȘȐȝȍ — ȗȘȐȕȧȓ; șȈ-ȉȝȈȘȑȈȝ — șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ; ȘȈȌȎȑȈȔ — ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ; ȠȘȐȑȈȔ — ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ; ȗȘȈȕȈȑȐȕȈȝ — ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȖȊ; șțȝȘȐȌȈȝ — ȌȘțȏȍȑ; ȕȐȊȈșȈȔ — ȌȖȔ; ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ — ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ; ȑȈȑȈț — țȠȍȓ; ȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȓȍș; Ȉșțȕ — ȎȐȏȕȤ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȔțȒȚȈ-șȈȕȋȈȝ — ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ. ǰșȗȖȓȕȧȧ ȊȖȓȦ ȖȚȞȈ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȍȡȈȕȐȍȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȗȕ ȌȈȓ șȊȖȍȑ Ȏȍȕȍ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȘȈșșȚȈȓșȧ ș ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȔ, ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȌȘțȏȤȧȔȐ, ȌȖȉȘȖȎȍȓȈȚȍȓȧȔȐ, ȌȖȔȖȔ Ȑ ȊșȍȔ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȔ, ȒȈȒ ȘȈșșȚȈȍȚșȧ ș ȎȐȏȕȤȦ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ, Ȑ țȠȍȓ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ǹȐȚȖȑ Ȋ ȓȍș. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǻ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȐ ȉȣȓȖ ȚȘȐ Ȏȍȕȣ. ǶȌȕȈ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ, DzȈȑȒȍȐ, șȓțȎȐȓȈ ȍȔț ș ȖșȖȉȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȗȖȖȉȍȡȈȓ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȍȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ. ǵȖ DzȈȑȒȍȐ șȒȈȏȈȓȈ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȚ Ȗ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȐ ȚȖȋȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȉțȌȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȒȖȘȖȕȈȞȐȐ ȕȈșȓȍȌȕȐȒȈ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȐ, ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, DzȈȑȒȍȐ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓȈ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ ȊȖȏȊȍșȚȐ ȕȈ ȗȘȍșȚȖȓ ȍȍ șȣȕȈ ǩȝȈȘȈȚț, Ȉ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț ȖȚȖșȓȈȚȤ Ȋ ȓȍș. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȈ ȉȣȓ șȊȧȏȈȕ ȖȉȍȡȈȕȐȍȔ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț, țșȚțȗȐȊ ȗȘȖșȤȉȍ ȓȦȉȐȔȖȑ Ȏȍȕȣ, Ȋȍȓȍȓ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȍ țȑȚȐ Ȋ ȓȍș. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖșȓțȠȕȣȑ șȣȕ, șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȐȓșȧ ȊȖȓȍ ȖȚȞȈ. ǩȍȏ ȒȖȓȍȉȈȕȐȧ Ȗȕ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ Ȋșȍ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȚȖȔț ȒȈȒ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȐȓȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȑȖȋ ȉȍȏ șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȧ ȘȈșșȚȈȍȚșȧ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȘȈȒȠȈȝ-șȊȈșțȘ ȊȑȈȒȘȐȚȈ ȘțȗȈȔ ȈȠțȌȌȝȈ-ȉțȌȌȝȍș 179


180 ȚȈșȑȈȝ ȒȝȈȘȈ-ȚȘȐȠȐȘȈ-ȌțȠȈȕȈ-ȔțȒȝȑȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝțȕ ȌȎȈȋȝȕȍ ȟȈȚțȘȌȈȠȈ-șȈȝȈșȘȈȔ ȈȗȈȘȈȕȐȑȈȒȖȌȈȕȌȈ-ȗȈȕȐȘ ȈȚȈȔȈȕȈ țȊȈșȈ ȒȘȐȟȟȝȘȈȔ ȘȈȒȠȈȝ-șȊȈșțȝ — ȀțȘȗȈȕȈȒȝȐ, șȍșȚȘȣ ȘȈȒȠȈșȈ (ǸȈȊȈȕȣ); ȊȑȈȒȘȐȚȈ — ȐȏțȘȖȌȖȊȈȓ; ȘțȗȈȔ — ȚȍȓȖ; ȈȠțȌȌȝȈ-ȉțȌȌȝȍȝ — ȚȖȑ, ȟȍȑ ȘȈȏțȔ ȉȣȓ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕ ȗȖȝȖȚȤȦ; ȚȈșȑȈȝ — ȍȍ; ȒȝȈȘȈ-ȚȘȐȠȐȘȈ-ȌțȠȈȕȈ- ȔțȒȝȑȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝțȕ — ȌȘțȏȍȑ, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȝ DzȝȈȘȖȑ, ǺȘȐȠȐȘȖȑ Ȑ ǬțȠȈȕȖȑ; ȌȎȈȋȝȕȍ — șȘȈȏȐȓ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȟȈȚțȘȌȈȠȈșȈȝȈșȘȈȔ — ȟȍȚȣȘȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ Țȣșȧȟ; ȈȗȈȘȈȕȐȑȈ — ȕȍȖȚȘȈȏȐȔȣȍ; ȒȖȌȈȕȌȈ — ȓțȒ Ȑ șȚȘȍȓȣ; ȗȈȕȐȝ — ȚȖȚ, Ȋ ȟȤȍȑ ȘțȒȍ; ȈȚȈȔȈȕȈȝ — șȚȘȈȕșȚȊțȦȡȐȑ Ȋ ȓȍșȈȝ; țȊȈșȈ — ȎȐȓ; ȒȘȐȟȟȝȘȈȔ — șȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȔȐ ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȧȔȐ. ǹȚȘȈȕșȚȊțȧ ȗȖ ȓȍșț Ȑ ȊȍȌȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ, ȗȖȓȕțȦ ȓȐȠȍȕȐȑ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȖșȐȓ ș ǹȖȉȖȑ ǹȊȖȑ ȕȍȖȚȘȈȏȐȔȣȑ ȓțȒ Ȑ șȚȘȍȓȣ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ Ƕȕ ȖȉȍȏȖȉȘȈȏȐȓ ȖȉțȘȍȊȈȍȔțȦ ȗȖȝȖȚȤȦ șȍșȚȘț ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, ȖȚȘȍȏȈȊ ȍȑ ȕȖș Ȑ țȠȐ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ƕȕ țȉȐȓ ȟȍȚȣȘȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ Țȣșȧȟ ȍȍ ȌȘțȏȍȑ-ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ, ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ șȚȖȧȓȐ DzȝȈȘȈ, ǺȘȐȠȐȘȈ Ȑ ǬțȠȈȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 șȐȚȈ-ȒȈȚȝȈ-ȠȘȈȊȈȕȈ-ȌȐȗȐȚȈ-ȝȘȐȟ-ȟȝȈȑȍȕȈ șȘȐȠȚȈȔ ȊȐȓȖȒȑȈ ȕȘȐȗȈȚȍ ȌȈȠȈ-ȒȈȕȌȝȈȘȍȕȈ ȌȎȈȋȝȕȍ 'ȌȉȝțȚȈȐȕȈ-ȊȈȗțȠȈȠȘȈȔȈȚȖ 'ȗȈȒȘȐȠȚȖ ȔȈȘȐȟȈȔ ȈȠț ȊȐȠȐȒȝȍȕȈ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȒȈȔ țȋȘȈȝ șȐȚȈ-ȒȈȚȝȈ — ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȊ Ȗ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ; ȠȘȈȊȈȕȈ — șȓțȠȈȕȐȍȔ; ȌȐȗȐȚȈ — ȊȖȏȉțȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ; ȝȘȐȚ-ȠȈȑȍȕȈ — ȚȍȔ, Ȋ ȟȤȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȓȖ ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȍ (ǸȈȊȈȕȖȑ); șȘȐȠȚȈȔ — șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖȋȖ; ȊȐȓȖȒȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȕȘȐȗȈȚȍ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȌȈȠȈ-ȒȈȕȌȝȈȘȍȕȈ — ȌȍșȧȚȐȋȓȈȊȣȔ (ǸȈȊȈȕȖȑ); ȌȎȈȋȝȕȍ — șȘȈȏȐȓ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ); ȈȌȉȝțȚȈ-ȥȕȈ-ȊȈȗțȠȈ — ȏȖȓȖȚȣȔ ȖȓȍȕȍȔ; ȈȠȘȈȔȈȚȈȝ — Ȑȏ (ǭȋȖ) ȈȠȘȈȔȈ; ȈȗȈȒȘȐȠȚȈȝ — ȊȣȔȈȕȍȕȕȣȑ; ȔȈȘȐȟȈȔ — ȌȍȔȖȕȈ ǴȈȘȐȟț, ȖȉȍȘȕțȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȖȓȍȕȍȔ; ȈȠț — șȘȈȏț; ȊȐȠȐȒȝȍȕȈ — ȖșȚȘȖȑ șȚȘȍȓȖȑ; ȑȈȚȝȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȒȈȔ — ǬȈȒȠț; țȋȘȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ, ȕȖșȐȊȠȐȑ ȕȈ ȗȓȍȟȈȝ ȌȍșȧȚȤ ȋȖȓȖȊ, țșȓȣȠȈȓ Ȗ ȒȘȈșȖȚȍ Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ǹȐȚȣ, ȍȋȖ țȔ ȏȈȋȖȘȍȓșȧ ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȍȔ, Ȑ Ȗȕ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȍș, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȚȤ ȍȍ. ǮȍȓȈȧ țȊȍșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț ȗȖȌȈȓȤȠȍ ȖȚ ȈȠȘȈȔȈ, ǸȈȊȈȕȈ ȗȖșȓȈȓ ǴȈȘȐȟț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȖȉȍȘȕțȓșȧ ȏȖȓȖȚȣȔ ȖȓȍȕȍȔ. ǻȊȐȌȍȊ ȟțȌȍșȕȖȋȖ Ȗȓȍȕȧ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓ ǹȊȖȍ ȎȐȓȐȡȍ Ȑ șȚȈȓ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ Ƕȕ țȉȐȓ Ȗȓȍȕȧ ȖșȚȘȖȑ șȚȘȍȓȖȑ, ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ țȉȐȓ ǬȈȒȠț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȘȈȒȠȖ-'ȌȝȈȔȍȕȈ ȊȘȐȒȈȊȈȌ ȊȐȗȐȕȍ 'șȈȔȈȒȠȈȔ ȊȈȐȌȍȝȈ-ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȌțȝȐȚȈȘȑ ȈȗȈȑȈȗȐȚȈȑȈȔ ȉȝȘȈȚȘȈ ȊȈȕȍ ȒȘȐȗȈȕȈȊȈȚ ȗȘȐȑȈȑȈ ȊȐȑțȒȚȈȝ șȚȘȐ-șȈȕȋȐȕȈȔ ȋȈȚȐȔ ȐȚȐ ȗȘȈȚȝȈȑȈȔȠ ȟȈȟȈȘȈ ȘȈȒȠȈȝ-ȈȌȝȈȔȍȕȈ — șȈȔȣȔ ȕȍȟȍșȚȐȊȣȔ Ȑȏ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ (ǸȈȊȈȕȖȑ); ȊȘȐȒȈ-ȊȈȚ — ȒȈȒ ȊȖȓȒ; ȊȐȗȐȕȍ — Ȋ ȓȍșț; ȈșȈȔȈȒȠȈȔ — Ȋ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊȐȍ; ȊȈȐȌȍȝȈ-ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȌțȝȐȚȈȘȐ — ȒȖȋȌȈ ȌȖȟȤ ȞȈȘȧ ǪȐȌȍȝȐ (ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚȈ); ȈȗȈȑȈȗȐȚȈȑȈȔ — ȉȣȓȈ ȗȖȝȐȡȍȕȈ; ȉȝȘȈȚȘȈ — 180


181 ș ȉȘȈȚȖȔ; ȊȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȓȍșț; ȒȘȐȗȈȕȈ-ȊȈȚ — ȒȈȒ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȖȝȊȈȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȋȖȘȍȔ; ȗȘȐȑȈȑȈ — ș ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ (șțȗȘțȋȖȑ); ȊȐȑțȒȚȈȝ — ȘȈȏȓțȟȍȕȕȣȑ; șȚȘȐ-șȈȕȋȐȕȈȔ — Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔ ȐȓȐ ȖȉȡȈȍȚșȧ ș ȕȐȔȐ; ȋȈȚȐȔ — șțȌȤȉț; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȗȘȈȚȝȈȑȈȕ — ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ; ȟȈȟȈȘȈ — ȉȓțȎȌȈȓ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ țȠȍȓ Ȋ ȓȍș, Ȉ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ ȖȚȓțȟȐȓșȧ, ȝțȌȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ, ǸȈȊȈȕȈ, ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ, ȌȖȟȤ ȞȈȘȧ ǪȐȌȍȝȐ. Ƕȕ șȝȊȈȚȐȓ ȍȍ, ȒȈȒ ȚȐȋȘ ȝȊȈȚȈȍȚ ȉȍȏȏȈȡȐȚȕțȦ ȖȊȞț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȘȧȌȖȔ ȕȍȚ ȗȈșȚțȝȈ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȊȔȍșȚȍ șȖ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȉȘȈȚȖȔ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȖȑ ȌȖȓȋȖ ȉȘȖȌȐȓ ȗȖ ȓȍșț, țȉȐȚȣȑ ȋȖȘȍȔ ȖȚ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ ș ȎȍȕȖȑ. ǺȈȒ Ƕȕ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓ ȕȈ ǹȊȖȍȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ, ȟȚȖ ȉȣȊȈȍȚ ș ȔțȎȟȐȕȖȑ, ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȔ Ȓ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ șȓȖȊȈ șȚȘȐ-șȈȕȋȐȕȈȔ ȋȈȚȐȔ ȐȚȐ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȍȠȐȓ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ, ȒȈȒȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȍȚ ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȍ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ ȥȚȐȒȐ, ȋȘȐȝȍ ȕȈȘȐȔ ȊȐȊȈȘȌȎȈȑȍȚ: ȒȖȋȌȈ ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ ȐȌȍȚ Ȋ ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊȐȍ, ȍȔț ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȉȘȈȚȤ ș șȖȉȖȑ Ȏȍȕț. Ǫ ȉȣȓȣȍ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȈ ȓȦȌȐ, ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊțȧ, ȕȍ ȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓȐșȤ ȚȘȈȕșȗȖȘȚȖȔ, ȕȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ șȚȈȓȖ ȗȘȖȡȍ, ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ, ȖșȚȈȊȓȧȧ ȌȖȔ, Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȘȈȚȤ ș șȖȉȖȑ Ȏȍȕț, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȈȒȐȝ țșȓȖȊȐȧȝ, ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖ ȊȍȓȍȕȐȦ ȖȚȞȈ ȉȣȓ șȖșȓȈȕ Ȋ ȓȍș. Ǫ ȓȍșț ȐȓȐ ȌȖȔȈ, ȍșȓȐ ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȍ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȉțȌȍȚ ȏȕȈȚȤ ȗȖȒȖȧ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ. DzȖȕȍȟȕȖ, ȥȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ șȚȖȘȖȕȈ șȚȘȐ-șȈȕȋȐ. ǵȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖ, ȐȉȖ Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȔȐȘț. ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȝ ȗȈȘȖ 'ȊȑȈȒȚȈȚ: ǵȈȘȈȧȕȈ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǵȈȘȈȧȕȖȑ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ȕȍ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǸȈȏȓțȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ ș ǹȐȚȖȑ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț Ȑ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȊȐȗȘȈȓȈȔȉȝȖȑ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȝȓȈȌȐȕȐ-ȠȈȒȚȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȍȑșȧ Ȓ ȠȘȐȕȋȈȘȈ-ȘȈșȍ, ȘȈșȍ șțȗȘțȎȍșȒȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. Ǫ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȊșȍȔȐ ȊȐȌȈȔȐ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȧ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȗȍȘȍȎȐȊȈȕȐȑ, ȒȈȒ șȈȚȚȊȐȒȈ, șȈȕȟȈȘȐ, ȊȐȓȈȗȈ, ȔțȘȟȟȝȈ Ȑ țȕȔȈȌȈ . ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȘȈȏȓțȟȐȓșȧ ș ǹȐȚȖȑ, Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓȐșȤ ț ǵȍȋȖ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȍȕ Ȑ ȕȍ ȓȐȠȍȕ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. Ƕȕ — șȈȟ-ȟȐȌ-ȈȕȈȕȌȈ-ȊȐȋȘȈȝȈ, ȊȍȟȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǬțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǵȍȔ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȕȖȋȖȖȉȘȈȏȐȐ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȖȊ. ǸȈȏȓțȒȈ ș ȊȖȏȓȦȉȓȍȕȕȖȑ — ȥȚȖ ȚȖȎȍ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȑ ǭȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. DzȈȒ ȗȖȧșȕȧȍȚ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǹȊȈȘțȗȈ ǬȈȔȖȌȈȘȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȘȈȌȝȈ-ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȗȘȈȕȈȑȈ-ȊȐȒȘȐȚȐȘ ȝȓȈȌȐȕȐ-ȠȈȒȚȐȝ: ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ǸȈȌȝȐ Ȑ DzȘȐȠȕȣ — ȥȚȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ — ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ, șȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȧȊȐȓ ȒȈȒ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȐșȚȐȕț. Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ șȔȣșȓȍ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ, Ȉ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ — ȟțȊșȚȊȖ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ș ǭȋȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ țȊȍȓȐȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȔț ȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌȋȐȚȍ» (9.11): ȈȊȈȌȎȈȕȈȕȚȐ ȔȈȔ ȔțȌȝȈ ȔȈȕțȠȐȔ ȚȈȕțȔ ȈȠȘȐȚȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȈȌȎȈȕȈȕȚȖ 181


182 ȔȈȔȈ ȉȝțȚȈ-ȔȈȝȍȠȊȈȘȈȔ ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȍȚ Ȗ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȏȈ ȖȉȣȟȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǵȖ țȔ, ȘȈȏțȔ Ȑ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕȣ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊ. ȅȚȖ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǹȒȈȕȌȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȍ», șȚȐȝȐ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȞȐȚȐȘțȍȚ ǴȈȌȝȊȈȟȈȘȤȧ: ȕȐȚȑȈ-ȗțȘȕȈ-șțȒȝȈ-ȌȎȕȈȕȈ șȊȈȘțȗȖ 'șȈț ȑȈȚȖ ȊȐȉȝțȝ ȈȚȖ 'șȑȈ ȘȈȔȈ ȐȚȑ ȈȒȝȑȈ ȚȈșȑȈ ȌțȝȒȝȈȔ ȒțȚȖ 'ȕȊ ȈȗȐ ȚȈȚȝȈȗȐ ȓȖȒȈ-ȠȐȒȠȈȘȚȝȈȔ ȈȌțȝȒȝȖ ȌțȝȒȝȈ-ȊȈȘȚȐȊȈȚ ȈȕȚȈȘȝȐȚȈȔ ȓȖȒȈ-ȌȘȐȠȚȑȈ șȐȚȈȔ ȈșȐȚ șȔȈȘȈȕȕ ȐȊȈ ȌȎȕȈȗȈȕȈȘȚȝȈȔ ȗțȕȈȘ ȕȐȚȑȈ șȈȔȉȈȕȌȝȈȝ șȊȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȠȘȐȑȈȝ ȈȑȖȌȝȑȈȑȈ ȊȐȕȐȘȋȈȟȟȝȈȕ șȈȘȊȈ-ȓȖȒȈșȑȈ ȟȍȠȊȈȘȈȝ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȒȠȈȔ Țț ȠȘȐȑȈ șȈȘȌȝȈȔ ȌȎȈȋȈȔȈȕȈȌȐȘ ȈȊȑȈȑȈȝ ȕȈȒȠȈȚȘȈ-ȔȈșȈ-ȋȈȕȐȚȈȔ ȚȘȈȑȖȌȈȠȈ-șȈȝȈșȘȈȒȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȈ-șȈȔȈȔ ȟȈȒȘȍ șȈȔȈșȚȈȔ ȒȠȐȚȐ-ȔȈȕȌȈȓȈȔ ȘȈȔȖ ȘȈȔȖ ȘȈȔȈ ȐȚȐ șȈȘȊȍȠȈȔ ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȚȈȌȈ șȈȘȊȖȘȈȔȈȔȈȑȖ ȓȖȒȖ ȑȈȌȈ ȘȈȔȈș ȚȊ ȈȗȈȓȈȑȈȚ ǵȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȋ țȒȘȈșȚȤ ǹȐȚț. ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ, ȗȖȝȐȡȍȕȕȈȧ ǸȈȊȈȕȖȑ, ȉȣȓȈ ȓȐȠȤ ȚȍȕȤȦ ǹȐȚȣ — ȔȈȑȧ-șȐȚȖȑ . DzȖȋȌȈ ǹȐȚț ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȓȐ ȖȋȕȍȔ, ȥȚȈ ȔȈȑȧ-șȐȚȈ șȋȖȘȍȓȈ, Ȉ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȈȧ ǹȐȚȈ ȊȣȠȓȈ Ȑȏ Ȗȋȕȧ. ǭȡȍ ȖȌȐȕ țȘȖȒ Ȑȏ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ Ȗ ȗȖȝȐȡȍȕȐȐ ǹȐȚȣ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, ȒȈȒȖȑ ȉȣ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȖȕȈ ȕȐ ȉȣȓȈ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȏȈȡȐȚȖȑ. DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȉȍȏ ȏȈȡȐȚȣ, ȖȕȈ ȗȖȗȈȌȈȍȚ Ȋ ȘțȒȐ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ ȊȘȖȌȍ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ. ǹȓȖȊȈ ȊȈȐȌȍȝȈ-ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȌțȝȐȚȈȘȐ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȌȖ ȏȈȔțȎȍșȚȊȈ ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȗȖȌ ȏȈȡȐȚȖȑ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ, ǪȈȑȌȍȝȈ-ȘȈȌȎȐ. Ǩ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȈ ȊȣȠȓȈ ȏȈȔțȎ, ȍȍ șȚȈȓ ȖȗȍȒȈȚȤ ȔțȎ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȖȌ ȟȤȍȑ-ȚȖ ȏȈȡȐȚȖȑ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ, ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȕȍșȗȖșȖȉȕȈ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖȑ (ȈșȈȔȈȒȠȈȔ), ȐȉȖ ȖȕȈ ȕȍ Ȋ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȌȈȋȌȝȊȈȚȔȈ-ȒȘȐȚȑȈ-ȝȈȚȈ-ȒȘȐȚȑȈȔ ȈȝȈȕ ȒȈȉȈȕȌȝȈȔ 182


183 șȈȒȝȑȈȔ ȊȐȌȝȈȑȈ ȒȈȗȐȉȝȐȘ ȌȈȑȐȚȈ-ȋȈȚȐȔ ȚȈȐȝ ȉțȌȌȝȊȈȚȝȈ ȊȈȓȐȕȐ ȝȈȚȍ ȗȓȈȊȈȋȍȕȌȘȈ-șȈȐȕȑȈȐȘ ȊȍȓȈȔ ȈȋȈȚ șȈ ȔȈȕțȌȎȖ 'ȌȎȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȘȟȐȚȈȕȋȝȘȐȝ ȌȈȋȌȝȊȈ — șȖȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȕȈ Ȗȋȕȍ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȒȘȐȚȑȈ-ȝȈȚȈ-ȒȘȐȚȑȈȔ — ȗȖșȔȍȘȚȕȣȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȑ ȘȐȚțȈȓ ȗȖ ǬȎȈȚȈȦ, ȖȚȌȈȊȠȍȔț ȎȐȏȕȤ ȏȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȈȝȈȕ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȒȈȉȈȕȌȝȈȔ — ȌȍȔȖȕȈ DzȈȉȈȕȌȝț; șȈȒȝȑȈȔ — ȌȘțȎȉț; ȊȐȌȝȈȑȈ — șȖȏȌȈȊ; ȒȈȗȐȉȝȐȝ — ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȊȖȌȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ; ȌȈȑȐȚȈ-ȋȈȚȐȔ — ȗțȚȤ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ ǹȐȚȣ; ȚȈȐȝ — ș ȕȐȔȐ; ȉțȌȌȝȊȈ — țȏȕȈȊ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȊȈȓȐȕȐ ȝȈȚȍ — ȒȖȋȌȈ ȉȣȓ țȉȐȚ ǪȈȓȐ; ȗȓȈȊȈȋȈ-ȐȕȌȘȈ-șȈȐȕȑȈȐȝ — ș ȊȖȐȕȈȔȐ-ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȈȔȐ; ȊȍȓȈȔ — Ȓ ȉȍȘȍȋț ȖȒȍȈȕȈ; ȈȋȈȚ — ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ; șȈȝ — Ƕȕ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȔȈȕț-ȌȎȈȝ — ȧȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ; ȈȌȎȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ; ȉȝȈȊȈ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ; ȈȘȟȐȚȈ-ȈȕȋȝȘȐȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȐȔ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ȟȤȐȔ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ, ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. Ƕȕ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȗȖȋȘȍȉȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȧȌ ȗȖ ǬȎȈȚȈȦ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ țȉȐȓ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȓ ȌȍȔȖȕȈ DzȈȉȈȕȌȝț, Ȉ ȗȖȚȖȔ, ȗȖȌȘțȎȐȊȠȐșȤ ș ȗȘȍȌȊȖȌȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ, țȉȐȊ ǪȈȓȐ Ȑ ȗȖȌȋȖȚȖȊȐȊ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ, ȗȘȐȠȍȓ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋ ȖȒȍȈȕȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȖȋȌȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ǹȐȚț, ȗțȚȤ ȍȔț ȗȘȍȋȘȈȌȐȓȈ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȈȧ ȗȚȐȞȈ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȎȈȚȈȦ. ǵȖ ȔȖȋțȟȐȑ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ Ȋ ȉȐȚȊȍ ȗȖȉȍȌȐȓ ǬȎȈȚȈȦ Ȑ ȖȚȘțȉȐȓ ȍȔț ȒȘȣȓȖ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȗȖȐșȒȐ ǹȐȚȣ, Ƕȕ ȕȈȠȍȓ țȔȐȘȈȦȡȍȋȖ ǬȎȈȚȈȦ Ȑ țȏȕȈȓ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ǹȐȚț țȕȍș ǸȈȊȈȕȈ. ǷȖșȓȍ șȔȍȘȚȐ ǬȎȈȚȈȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ Ȋȏȧȓ ȕȈ ǹȍȉȧ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ șȣȕȈ Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȖȉȘȧȌ ȗȖȋȘȍȉȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ǹȐȚț, Ƕȕ ȊșȚțȗȐȓ Ȋ șȖȦȏ ș ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȈȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȑȈȌ-ȘȖȠȈ-ȊȐȉȝȘȈȔȈ-ȊȐȊȘȐȚȚȈ-ȒȈȚȈȒȠȈ-ȗȈȚȈșȈȔȉȝȘȈȕȚȈ-ȕȈȒȘȈ-ȔȈȒȈȘȖ ȉȝȈȑȈ-ȋȐȘȕȈ-ȋȝȖȠȈȝ șȐȕȌȝțȝ ȠȐȘȈșȑ ȈȘȝȈȕȈȔ ȗȈȘȐȋȘȐȝȑȈ ȘțȗȐ ȗȈȌȈȘȈȊȐȕȌȈȔ țȗȈȋȈȔȑȈ ȉȈȉȝȈȠȈ ȥȚȈȚ ȑȈȚ-ȘȖȠȈ — ȟȤȍȋȖ ȋȕȍȊȈ; ȊȐȉȝȘȈȔȈ — ȗȖȉțȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ; ȊȐȊȘȐȚȚȈ — ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȕȣȔ; ȒȈȚȈȒȠȈ-ȗȈȚȈ — ȉȘȖȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȐșȒȖșȈ ȊȏȋȓȧȌȖȔ; șȈȔȉȝȘȈȕȚȈ — ȉȣȓȐ ȊȖȏȉțȎȌȍȕȣ; ȕȈȒȘȈ — ȒȘȖȒȖȌȐȓȣ; ȔȈȒȈȘȈȝ — ȈȒțȓȣ; ȉȝȈȑȈ-ȋȐȘȕȈ-ȋȝȖȠȈȝ — ȏȈȔȖȓȒȠȐȑ ȖȚ șȚȘȈȝȈ; șȐȕȌȝțȝ — ȖȒȍȈȕ; ȠȐȘȈșȐ — ȕȈ ȋȖȓȖȊȍ; ȈȘȝȈȕȈȔ — ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȕȖșȚȐ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȗȈȘȐȋȘȐȝȑȈ — ȗȘȐȕȍșȧ; ȘțȗȐ — ȗȘȐȕȧȊȠȐȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ; ȗȈȌȈȈȘȈȊȐȕȌȈȔ — Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ); țȗȈȋȈȔȑȈ — ȗȘȐȌȧ; ȉȈȉȝȈȠȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȥȚȈȚ — ȥȚȖ. ǬȖșȚȐȋȕțȊ ȗȖȉȍȘȍȎȤȧ ȖȒȍȈȕȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȖșȚȐȓșȧ ȚȘȐ Ȍȕȧ Ȑ ȎȌȈȓ, ȒȖȋȌȈ șȈȔ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȕȍȚ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǵȐȔ. ǵȖ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ ȖȒȍȈȕȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȌȍȓȈȓ ȊȐȌ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȘȈȏȋȕȍȊȈȕ. ǶȌȕȐȔ ȊȏȋȓȧȌȖȔ Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȊȍȓ Ȋ țȎȈș Ȋșȍȝ ȖȒȍȈȕșȒȐȝ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȍȑ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ȒȘȖȒȖȌȐȓȖȊ Ȑ ȈȒțȓ. ǺȘȍȗȍȡțȡȐȑ ȉȖȋ ȖȒȍȈȕȈ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȓ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ. Ǫ ȘțȒȈȝ Ȗȕ ȌȍȘȎȈȓ Ȋșȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȗȈȓ Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ Ȑ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍș ȚȈȒȐȍ șȓȖȊȈ. 183


184 ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȕȈ ȚȊȈȔ ȊȈȑȈȔ ȌȎȈȌȈ-ȌȝȐȑȖ ȕț ȊȐȌȈȔȈ ȉȝțȔȈȕ ȒțȚȈ-șȚȝȈȔ ȈȌȐ-ȗțȘțȠȈȔ ȌȎȈȋȈȚȈȔ ȈȌȝȐȠȈȔ ȑȈȚ-șȈȚȚȊȈȚȈȝ șțȘȈ-ȋȈȕȈ ȘȈȌȎȈșȈȝ ȗȘȈȌȎȍȠȈ ȔȈȕȑȖȠ ȟȈ ȉȝțȚȈ-ȗȈȚȈȑȈȝ șȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȋțȕȍȠȈȝ ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȚȊȈȔ — Ǻȍȉȍ, Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȊȈȑȈȔ — Ȕȣ; ȌȎȈȌȈ-ȌȝȐȑȈȝ — șȒțȌȖțȔȕȣȍ, șȓȈȉȣȍ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ; ȕț — ȊȍȌȤ; ȊȐȌȈȔȈȝ — ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ; ȉȝțȔȈȕ — Ȗ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȑ; ȒțȚȈșȚȝȈȔ — ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȋȖ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȐȕȍ șȍȘȌȞȈ; ȈȌȐ-ȗțȘțȠȈȔ — ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȌȎȈȋȈȚȈȔ — Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ, șȖȏȌȈȊȈȍȔȣȝ ȖȌȕȈ ȏȈ ȌȘțȋȖȑ; ȈȌȝȐȠȈȔ — ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ; ȑȈȚ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ; șȈȚȚȊȈȚȈȝ — șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȋțȕȖȑ; șțȘȈ-ȋȈȕȈȝ — ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ; ȘȈȌȎȈșȈȝ — ȘȈȌȎȖ-ȋțȕȖȑ; ȗȘȈȌȎȈ-ȐȠȈȝ — ǷȘȈȌȎȈȗȈȚȐ; ȔȈȕȑȖȝ — ȚȈȔȖ-ȋțȕȖȑ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȉȝțȚȈ-ȗȈȚȈȑȈȝ — ȗȘȍȌȊȖȌȐȚȍȓȐ ȌțȝȖȊ; șȈȝ — ȚȈ (ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ); ȉȝȈȊȈȕ — Ǻȣ, Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȋțȕȈ-ȐȠȈȝ — ȊȓȈșȚȊțȦȡȐȑ ȕȈȌ ȚȘȍȔȧ ȋțȕȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. Ƕ ȊȍȏȌȍșțȡȈȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, ȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȋȓțȗ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȍ șȔȖȋ Ǻȍȉȧ țȏȕȈȚȤ, ȕȖ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȧ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ Ǻȣ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ Ȋșȍȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȕȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȈȧ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖȓțȉȖȋȐ ȖȗȤȧȕȍȕȣ ȋțȕȖȑ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ, ǷȘȈȌȎȈȗȈȚȐ — ȋțȕȖȑ șȚȘȈșȚȐ, Ȉ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȐ ȌțȝȖȊ — ȋțȕȖȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. Ǻȣ Ȏȍ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȊȈȍȠȤ ȊșȍȔȐ ȥȚȐȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȓȖȊȖ ȌȎȈȌȈ-ȌȝȐȑȈȝ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȘȈȏțȔ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȑ ȘȈȏțȔț ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȋȖ». ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ș ȚȈȒȐȔ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǮȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ, ȗȖȒȈ ȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȉȤȦȚ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ. ǺȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȕȍȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȕȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȦȚ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȖ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȑȝ șțȘȖȊȖ ȕȈȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȋțȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, ȖȕȐ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȚ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ. ǶȌȐȕ ȗȖȥȚ, ȗȐșȈȊȠȐȑ ȕȈ ȝȐȕȌȐ, șȒȈȏȈȓ: ȌțȝȒȝȈ șȍ șȈȉȈ ȝȈȘȐ ȉȝȈȌȎȍ șțȒȝȈ șȍ ȉȝȈȌȎȍ ȒȖȐ șțȒȝȈ șȍ ȈȋȈȘ ȝȈȘȐ ȉȝȈȌȎȍ ȌțȝȒȝȈ ȒȈȚȝȈȕ șȍ ȝȈȑȈ DzȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȚȘȈȌȈȍȚ, Ȗȕ ȐȌȍȚ Ȋ ȞȍȘȒȖȊȤ ȐȓȐ ȝȘȈȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȚȤșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȕȖ Ȋ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȍ Ȑ ȘȈȌȖșȚȐ Ȗȕ ȏȈȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȗ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȔ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȓȦȌȧȔ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȒȈȏȣȊȈȓ Ȑȝ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, ȐȕȈȟȍ ȖȕȐ, ȋȓțȗȣȍ Ȑ ȕȍȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ, ȏȈȉȣȊȈȦȚ Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȊȓȈșȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 ȒȈȔȈȔ ȗȘȈȑȈȝȐ ȌȎȈȝȐ ȊȐȠȘȈȊȈșȖ 'ȊȈȔȍȝȈȔ ȚȘȈȐȓȖȒȑȈ-ȘȈȊȈȕȈȔ ȈȊȈȗȕțȝȐ ȊȐȘȈ ȗȈȚȕȐȔ ȉȈȌȝȕȐȝȐ șȍȚțȔ ȐȝȈ Țȍ ȑȈȠȈșȖ ȊȐȚȈȚȑȈȐ ȋȈȑȈȕȚȐ ȌȐȋ-ȊȐȌȎȈȑȐȕȖ ȑȈȔ țȗȍȚȑȈ ȉȝțȗȈȝ ȒȈȔȈȔ — ȗȖ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔț ȎȍȓȈȕȐȦ; ȗȘȈȑȈȝȐ — ȗȘȖȑȌȐ (ȕȈȌ ȊȖȌȈȔȐ); ȌȎȈȝȐ — ȗȖȉȍȌȐ; ȊȐȠȘȈȊȈșȈȝ — ǪȐȠȘȈȊȣ ǴțȕȐ; ȈȊȈȔȍȝȈȔ — ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȐȍ, ȒȈȒ ȖȚ ȔȖȟȐ; ȚȘȈȐȓȖȒȑȈ — ȚȘȐ ȔȐȘȈ; ȘȈȊȈȕȈȔ — ȏȈșȚȈȊȓȧȦȡȍȋȖ ȘȣȌȈȚȤ (ǸȈȊȈȕț); ȈȊȈȗȕțȝȐ — ȊȍȘȕȐ; ȊȐȘȈ — Ȗ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȋȍȘȖȑ; ȗȈȚȕȐȔ — (ǹȊȖȦ) șțȗȘțȋț; ȉȈȌȝȕȐȝȐ — șȖȖȘțȌȐ; 184


185 șȍȚțȔ — ȔȖșȚ; ȐȝȈ — ȏȌȍșȤ (ȕȈ ȊȖȌȈȝ); Țȍ — ǺȊȖȍȑ; ȑȈȠȈșȈȝ — șȓȈȊȣ; ȊȐȚȈȚȑȈȐ — Ȍȓȧ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ; ȋȈȑȈȕȚȐ — ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȦȚ; ȌȐȒ-ȊȐȌȎȈȑȐȕȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȋȍȘȖȐ, ȖȌȍȘȎȈȊȠȐȍ ȗȖȉȍȌț ȕȈȌ ȊșȍȔȐ șȚȖȘȖȕȈȔȐ șȊȍȚȈ; ȑȈȔ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ; țȗȍȚȑȈ — ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȊȠȐșȤ; ȉȝțȗȈȝ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȞȈȘȐ. Ƕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȑ ȔȖȦ ȊȖȌț, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȍȠȤ. Ǻȣ ȔȖȎȍȠȤ ȗȍȘȍșȍȟȤ Ȕȍȕȧ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȐ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ șȚȖȕțȚ, ȓȐȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȒȖȧ, ȎȐȚȍȓȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȚȘȍȝ ȔȐȘȖȊ. Ƕȕ — șȣȕ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǪȐȠȘȈȊȣ, ȕȖ șȈȔ ȕȍȟȐșȚ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȔȖȟȍ. ǷȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, țȉȍȑ ȍȋȖ Ȑ ȊȍȘȕȐ ǹȊȖȦ Ȏȍȕț, ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ. Ƕ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȋȍȘȖȑ, ȝȖȚȧ ȔȖȐ ȊȖȌȣ ȕȍșȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖȔȍȠȈȚȤ Ǻȍȉȍ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ dzȈȕȒȐ, ȗȖȎȈȓțȑșȚȈ, ȗȖșȚȘȖȑ ȔȖșȚ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȕȐȝ, ȊȖȏȊȍșȚȐȊ ȊșȍȔț ȔȐȘț Ȗ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ șȓȈȊȍ. ǪȐȌȧ ǺȊȖȑ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȗȖȌȊȐȋ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȋȍȘȖȐ Ȑ ȞȈȘȐ ȉțȌțȡȍȋȖ șȚȈȕțȚ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȚȤ Ǻȍȉȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȒ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ, șȣȕ Ȑ ȔȖȟȈ ȐșȝȖȌȧȚ Ȑȏ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȚȖȋȖ Ȏȍ ȔȍșȚȈ — Ȑȏ ȌȍȚȖȘȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȖȘȋȈȕȈ. ǭșȓȐ șȣȕ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ȐȓȐ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȏȈȟȈȚ ȕȍ ȏȘȧ, ȕȖ, ȍșȓȐ șȣȕ ȊȣȘȈșȚȈȍȚ ȕȍȊȍȎȌȖȑ Ȑ ȕȍ țȔȕȖȎȈȍȚ șȓȈȊț șȊȖȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ, Ȗȕ ȔȈȓȖ ȟȍȔ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȔȖȟȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ǸȈȊȈȕț șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȦȚ ș ȔȖȟȖȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊ Ȍȓȧ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȍȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȚȘȍȝ ȔȐȘȖȊ. ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȉȖȋ ȖȒȍȈȕȈ ȝȖȚȍȓ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ țȉȐȓ ǸȈȊȈȕț. ǶȌȕȈ Ȑȏ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȐșȚȐȒ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ — ǭȋȖ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǵȐȟȚȖ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȔȍȠȈȚȤ ǭȔț ȌȖȉȐȚȤșȧ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȞȍȓȐ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ — ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ǩȖȋ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȘȍȒȓȈȔȐȘȖȊȈȓȐ ȒȈȒ ǩȖȋȈ ȐȓȐ ȐȏȉȘȈȓȐ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ ȔȍșȚȖ ȋȖȓȖșȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȓ ȟțȌȍșȕȣȑ ȔȖșȚ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȖȒȍȈȕ. Ǫ ȕȈȠȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȚȈȓȖ ȔȖȌȕȣȔ șȖȚȊȖȘȧȚȤ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȝ «ȉȖȋȖȊ», ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȕȖȋȖ. ǹȚȖȐȚ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȕȍȌȈȓȍȒȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ ȌȍȠȍȊȣȑ ȚȘȦȒ, Ȑ Ȗȕ șȘȈȏț ȘȍȠȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȜȖȒțșȕȐȒ Ȑ ȍșȚȤ ǩȖȋ, ȐȉȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȐȧ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ Ȗȉ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȓ ȔȖșȚ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȖȒȍȈȕ Ȑȏ ȒȈȔȕȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȍȘȎȈȓȐșȤ ȕȈ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȐ ȊȖȌȣ. ȅȚȖ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖȋȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. DzȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ ǩȖȋȖȔ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ șȊȍȘȝȢȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȍȑ Ȑ ȕȍ ȌȍȓȈȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȋ ȉȣ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ Ȗȉȣȟȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ? Ǵȣ șȟȐȚȈȍȔ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȓ ȔȖșȚ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȖȒȍȈȕ. Ǩ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕț Ȕȣ șȟȐȚȈȍȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȗȖȌȕȧȓ ȝȖȓȔ ǫȖȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǭȔț ȉȣȓȖ ȊșȍȋȖ șȍȔȤ ȓȍȚ. ǵȍȓȤȏȧ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȔȖȠȍȕȕȐȒȈ ȏȈ ǩȖȋȈ ȐȓȐ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ǩȖȋ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȧ ǹȊȖȐ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚ ȖșȖȉȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ. ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ- ȋȐȚȍ» (4.9): ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȟȈ Ȕȍ ȌȐȊȑȈȔ ȥȊȈȔ ȑȖ ȊȍȚȚȐ ȚȈȚȚȊȈȚȈȝ ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ ȌȍȝȈȔ ȗțȕȈȘ ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȕȈȐȚȐ ȔȈȔ ȥȚȐ șȖ 'ȘȌȎțȕȈ «ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖșȚȐȋ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ǴȖȍȋȖ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ, ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȘȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǷȖȒȐȕțȊ ȚȍȓȖ, Ȗȕ ȊȍȘȕȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǴȖȦ ȊȍȟȕțȦ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ, Ȗ ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ». ǬȍȧȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȕȣ. ȅȚȖ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ, ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ, Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ Ȑȝ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȐ ȖȌȕȖ ȌȘțȋȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǷȘȐȏȕȈȒȐ 185


186 ȌȍȧȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȗȐșȈȕȣ Ȋ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ, Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȏȕȈȍȚ Ȑȝ, șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȚȈȒȐȔ, ȒȈȒ Ƕȕ ȍșȚȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 ȉȈȌȌȝȊȖȌȈȌȝȈț ȘȈȋȝț-ȗȈȚȐȘ ȊȐȊȐȌȝȈȌȘȐ-ȒțȚȈȐȝ șȍȚțȔ ȒȈȗȐȕȌȘȈ-ȒȈȘȈ-ȒȈȔȗȐȚȈ-ȉȝțȘțȝȈȕȋȈȐȝ șțȋȘȐȊȈ-ȕȐȓȈ-ȝȈȕțȔȈȚ-ȗȘȈȔțȒȝȈȐȘ ȈȕȐȒȈȐȘ ȓȈȕȒȈȔ ȊȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈ-ȌȘȐȠȈȊȐȠȈȌ ȈȋȘȈ-ȌȈȋȌȝȈȔ ȉȈȌȌȝȊȈ — șȖȖȘțȌȐȊ; țȌȈȌȝȈț — Ȋ ȖȒȍȈȕșȒȐȝ ȊȖȌȈȝ; ȘȈȋȝț-ȗȈȚȐȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ; ȊȐȊȐȌȝȈ — ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ; ȈȌȘȐ-ȒțȚȈȐȝ — ȊȍȘȠȐȕȈȔȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȋȖȘ; șȍȚțȔ — ȔȖșȚ; ȒȈȗȐ-ȐȕȌȘȈ — ȔȖȋțȟȐȝ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ; ȒȈȘȈ-ȒȈȔȗȐȚȈ — ȗȍȘȍȌȊȐȋȈȍȔȣȔȐ ȘțȒȈȔȐ; ȉȝțȘțȝȈ-ȈȕȋȈȐȝ — ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧȔȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȘȈșȚȍȕȐȧȔȐ; șțȋȘȐȊȈ — ǹțȋȘȐȊȖȑ; ȕȐȓȈ — ǵȐȓȖȑ; ȝȈȕțȔȈȕ — ǽȈȕțȔȈȕȖȔ; ȗȘȈȔțȒȝȈȐȝ — ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȔȐ; ȈȕȐȒȈȐȝ — ș ȊȖȐȕȈȔȐ; ȓȈȕȒȈȔ — ȕȈ dzȈȕȒț, ȋȌȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ; ȊȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈ- ȌȘȐȠȈ — ȗȖȌ ȕȈȌȏȖȘȖȔ ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȣ, ȉȘȈȚȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ; ȈȊȐȠȈȚ — ȊȖȠȍȓ; ȈȋȘȈ-ȌȈȋȌȝȈȔ — șȗȈȓȍȕȕțȦ ȌȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ (ǽȈȕțȔȈȕȖȔ, ȊȖȐȕȖȔ-ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȖȑ). ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǺȖȋȌȈ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȖȋțȟȐȝ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȉȘȖșȈȓȐ Ȋ ȊȖȌț Ȟȍȓȣȍ ȋȖȘȕȣȍ ȊȍȘȠȐȕȣ, șȖȚȘȧșȈȧ ȘȈșȚțȡȐȍ ȕȈ ȕȐȝ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟțȦ ȘȈșȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȓ ȔȖșȚ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȖȒȍȈȕ Ȑ ȗȍȘȍȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ dzȈȕȒț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȣȏȊȖȓȐȚȤ ǹȐȚț Ȑȏ ȘțȒ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ. Ǫ șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȍȕȐȐ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȊȠȍȋȖ ǭȔț ȗțȚȤ ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȣ, ȉȘȈȚȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȊȖȑșȒȖȔ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ, ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ șȚȖȧȓȐ ǹțȋȘȐȊȈ, ǵȐȓȈ Ȑ ǽȈȕțȔȈȕ, ȊșȚțȗȐȓ Ȋ dzȈȕȒț — ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, șȖȎȎȍȕȕȖȍ ȌȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǽȈȕțȔȈȕȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȖȐȕȣ-ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȣ ȉȘȖșȈȓȐ Ȋ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȍ ȋȖȘȕȣȍ ȊȍȘȠȐȕȣ, ȗȖȒȘȣȚȣȍ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧȔȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȍȑ ȘȈșȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, Ȑ ȥȚȐ ȒȈȔȕȐ ȗȖ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖșȚȈȊȈȓȐșȤ ȕȈ ȗȓȈȊț. ǷȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȌȈȎȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ ȗȓȈȊȈȦȚ Ȋ ȒȖșȔȖșȍ, ȒȈȒ ȗțȠȐȕȒȐ. ǭșȓȐ ȥȚȖ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ, ȚȖ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȊȍȘȠȐȕȣ ȋȖȘ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȌȍȘȎȈȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȊȖȌȍ? ǺȈȒȖȊȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ƕȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȍȚ, ȐȉȖ ȕȈȌ ǵȐȔ ȕȍ ȊȓȈșȚȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ; ȕȈȖȉȖȘȖȚ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ǭȋȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ. ǴȈȑȈȌȝȑȈȒȠȍȕȈ ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȐȝ șțȑȈȚȍ șȈȟȈȘȈȟȈȘȈȔ: ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȐ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ, ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȓȐȠȤ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȍȦ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȊȈȍȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. Ƕ ȚȖȔ Ȏȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șȈȔȝȐȚȍ» (5.52): ȑȈșȑȈȌȎȕȈȑȈ ȉȝȘȈȔȈȚȐ șȈȔȉȝȘȐȚȈ-ȒȈȓȈ-ȟȈȒȘȖ ȋȖȊȐȕȌȈȔ ȈȌȐ-ȗțȘțȠȈȔ ȚȈȔ ȈȝȈȔ ȉȝȈȌȎȈȔȐ ǶȗȐșȣȊȈȧ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ șȖȓȕȞȍ ȌȊȐȎȍȚșȧ, ȗȖșȓțȠȕȖȍ ȊȖȓȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȓ ȔȖșȚ ȟȍȘȍȏ ǰȕȌȐȑșȒȐȑ ȖȒȍȈȕ, ȗȘȐȉȍȋȕțȊ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȓ ȗȖȔȖȡȐ ȊȖȐȕȖȊ-ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȉȘȖșȈȓȐ Ȋ ȊȖȌț ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȍ ȋȖȘȕȣȍ ȊȍȘȠȐȕȣ. ǶșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȓȐȠȤ ȊȖșȝȐȡȈȚȤșȧ ȚȍȔ, ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȥȚȖ ȌȍȧȕȐȍ, țȊȍȒȖȊȍȟȐȓ ǹȊȖȍ ȐȔȧ Ȑ șȓȈȊț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 șȈ ȊȈȕȈȘȍȕȌȘȈ-ȉȈȓȈ-ȘțȌȌȝȈ-ȊȐȝȈȘȈ-ȒȖȠȚȝȈ186


187 ȠȘȐ-ȌȊȈȘȈ-ȋȖȗțȘȈ-șȈȌȖ-ȊȈȓȈȉȝȐ-ȊȐȚȈȕȒȈ ȕȐȘȉȝȈȌȎȑȈȔȈȕȈ-ȌȝȐȠȈȕȈ-ȌȝȊȈȌȎȈ-ȝȍȔȈ-ȒțȔȉȝȈȠȘȐȕȋȈȚȈȒȈ ȋȈȌȎȈ-ȒțȓȈȐȘ ȝȘȈȌȐȕȐȊȈ ȋȝțȘȕȈ șȈ — ȖȕȈ (dzȈȕȒȈ); ȊȈȕȈȘȈ-ȐȕȌȘȈ — ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȊȖȌȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ; ȉȈȓȈ — șȐȓȈȔȐ; ȘțȌȌȝȈ — ȏȈȕȧȚȣ; ȊȐȝȈȘȈ — țȊȍșȍȓȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȏȈȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ; ȒȖȠȚȝȈ — șȒȓȈȌȣ ȏȍȘȕȈ; ȠȘȐ — șȖȒȘȖȊȐȡȕȐȞȣ; ȌȊȈȘȈ — ȊȖȘȖȚȈ; ȋȖȗțȘȈ — ȗȖȘȚȈȓȣ; șȈȌȈȝ — ȌȖȔȈ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȑ; ȊȈȓȈȉȝȐ — ȗȈȘȈȌȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȌȊȖȘȞȖȊ; ȊȐȚȈȕȒȈ — ȋȕȍȏȌȈ ȋȖȓțȉȍȑ; ȕȐȘȉȝȈȌȎȑȈȔȈȕȈ — ȘȈȏȘțȠȈȍȔȣȍ; ȌȝȐȠȈȕȈ — ȗȓȖȡȈȌȒȐ; ȌȝȊȈȌȎȈ — ȜȓȈȋȐ; ȝȍȔȈȒțȔȉȝȈ — ȏȖȓȖȚȣȍ șȖșțȌȣ Ȍȓȧ ȊȖȌȣ ȕȈ ȒȘȣȠȈȝ ȌȖȔȖȊ; ȠȘȐȕȋȈȚȈȒȈ — ȗȍȘȍȒȘȍșȚȒȐ; ȋȈȌȎȈ-ȒțȓȈȐȝ — șȚȈȌȈȔȐ șȓȖȕȖȊ; ȝȘȈȌȐȕȐ — ȘȍȒȈ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȋȝțȘȕȈ — ȊȏȊȖȓȕȖȊȈȕȕȈȧ. ǪȖȑȌȧ Ȋ dzȈȕȒț, ȊȖȐȕȣ-ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȣ ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ ș ǹțȋȘȐȊȖȑ, ǵȐȓȖȑ Ȑ ǽȈȕțȔȈȕȖȔ ȕȈȊȖȌȕȐȓȐ ȊȍșȤ ȋȖȘȖȌ — ȖȕȐ ȏȈȕȧȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȔȍșȚȈ țȊȍșȍȓȍȕȐȑ, ȈȔȉȈȘȣ, șȖȒȘȖȊȐȡȕȐȞȣ, ȊȖȘȖȚȈ, ȗȖȘȚȈȓȣ, ȌȖȔȈ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȑ, ȜȈșȈȌȣ ȌȖȔȖȊ Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ ȋȖȓțȉȐȕȣȍ ȋȕȍȏȌȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȋȖȘȖȌșȒȐȍ ȗȍȘȍȒȘȍșȚȒȐ, ȉȈȠȕȐ, ȜȓȈȋȐ Ȑ ȏȖȓȖȚȣȍ șȖșțȌȣ ȕȈ ȒțȗȖȓȈȝ ȉȣȓȐ ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȣ, ȊȍșȤ ȋȖȘȖȌ dzȈȕȒȈ șȚȈȓ ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȚȤ ȘȍȒț, ȊȏȉȈȓȈȔțȟȍȕȕțȦ șȚȈȌȖȔ șȓȖȕȖȊ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȘȈȒȠȈȝ-ȗȈȚȐș ȚȈȌ ȈȊȈȓȖȒȑȈ ȕȐȒțȔȉȝȈ-ȒțȔȉȝȈȌȝțȔȘȈȒȠȈ-ȌțȘȔțȒȝȈ-șțȘȈȕȚȈȒȈ-ȕȈȘȈȕȚȈȒȈȌȐȕ ȗțȚȘȈȔ ȗȘȈȝȈșȚȈȔ ȈȚȐȒȈȑȈ-ȊȐȒȈȔȗȈȕȈȌȐȕ șȈȘȊȈȕțȋȈȕ șȈȔȈȝȐȕȖȌ ȈȚȝȈ ȒțȔȉȝȈȒȈȘȕȈȔ ȘȈȒȠȈȝ-ȗȈȚȐȝ — ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ; ȚȈȚ — ȥȚȐ (ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȧ); ȈȊȈȓȖȒȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȕȐȒțȔȉȝȈ — ǵȐȒțȔȉȝț; ȒțȔȉȝȈ — DzțȔȉȝț; ȌȝțȔȘȈȒȠȈ — ǬȝțȔȘȈȒȠț; ȌțȘȔțȒȝȈ — ǬțȘȔțȒȝț; șțȘȈȕȚȈȒȈ — ǹțȘȈȕȚȈȒț; ȕȈȘȈȕȚȈȒȈ — ǵȈȘȈȕȚȈȒț; ȈȌȐȕ — Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ; ȗțȚȘȈȔ — șȣȕȈ (ǰȕȌȘȈȌȎȐȚȈ); ȗȘȈȝȈșȚȈȔ — ǷȘȈȝȈșȚȍ; ȈȚȐȒȈȑȈ — ǨȚȐȒȈȍ; ȊȐȒȈȔȗȈȕȈ — ǪȐȒȈȔȗȈȕȍ; ȈȌȐȕ — Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȔ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȈȕțȋȈȕ — ȊșȍȔ (șȊȖȐȔ) ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔ; șȈȔȈȝȐȕȖȚ — Ȋȍȓȍȓ (șȘȈȎȈȚȤșȧ ș ȊȘȈȋȈȔȐ); ȈȚȝȈ — Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȒțȔȉȝȈȒȈȘȕȈȔ — DzțȔȉȝȈȒȈȘȕȍ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ, ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ, țȊȐȌȍȓ, ȟȚȖ ȚȊȖȘȧȚ ȊȖȐȕȣ- ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȣ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȏȊȈȓ ȕȈ ȉȖȑ ǵȐȒțȔȉȝț, DzțȔȉȝț, ǬȝțȔȘȈȒȠț, ǬțȘȔțȒȝț, ǹțȘȈȕȚȈȒț, ǵȈȘȈȕȚȈȒț Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ șȊȖȍȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǰȕȌȘȈȌȎȐȚȈ. ǷȖȚȖȔ Ȗȕ ȊȣȏȊȈȓ ǷȘȈȝȈșȚț, ǨȚȐȒȈȦ, ǪȐȒȈȔȗȈȕț Ȑ, ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ, DzțȔȉȝȈȒȈȘȕț. ǪșȓȍȌ ȏȈ ȚȍȔ Ȗȕ șȖȏȊȈȓ Ȋșȍȝ șȊȖȐȝ șȚȖȘȖȕȕȐȒȖȊ Ȑ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓ Ȑȝ ȉȐȚȤșȧ ș ȊȘȈȋȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȚȈȔ ȑȈȚțȌȝȈȕȈ-ȗȘȐȚȈȕȈȔ ȈșȐ-ȠțȓȈ-ȟȈȗȈȗȘȈșȈȘȠȚȐ-ȠȈȒȚȐȠȈȘȈ-ȚȖȔȈȘȈ-ȒȝȈȌȋȈ-ȌțȘȋȈȔ șțȋȘȐȊȈ-ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ-ȔȈȘțȚșțȚȈ-ȋȈȕȌȝȈȔȈȌȈȕȐȓȈȕȋȈȌȈȘȒȠȈ-ȗȈȕȈșȈȌȐȉȝȐȘ ȈȕȊȐȚȖ 'ȋȈȚ ȚȈȔ — Ȓ ȚȖȑ; ȑȈȚțȌȝȈȕȈ-ȗȘȐȚȈȕȈȔ — Ȓ ȈȘȔȐȐ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ; ȈșȐ — ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȔȍȟȈȔ; ȠțȓȈ — ȒȖȗȤȧȔ; ȟȈȗȈ — ȓțȒȈȔ; ȗȘȈșȈ-ȘȐȠȚȐ — ȖȘțȎȐȦ ȗȘȈșȈ Ȑ ȘȐȠȚȐ; ȠȈȒȚȐ187


188 ȠȈȘȈ — șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ ȠȈȒȚȐ; ȚȖȔȈȘȈ — ȖȘțȎȐȦ ȚȖȔȈȘȈ; ȒȝȈȌȋȈ — ȔȍȟȈȔ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȔ ȒȝȈȌȋȈ; ȌțȘȋȈȔ — ȕȍȗȖȉȍȌȐȔȖȑ; șțȋȘȐȊȈ — ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȖȑ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǹțȋȘȐȊȈ; ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ — ȔȓȈȌȠȐȔ ȉȘȈȚȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ; ȔȈȘțȚ-șțȚȈ — ǽȈȕțȔȈȕȖȔ; ȋȈȕȌȝȈȔȈȌȈ — ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȖȑ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǫȈȕȌȝȈȔȈȌȈ; ȕȐȓȈ — ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȖȑ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǵȐȓȈ; ȈȕȋȈȌȈ — ǨȕȋȈȌȖȑ; ȘȐȒȠȈ — ǸȐȒȠȍȑ; ȗȈȕȈșȈ — ǷȈȕȈșȖȑ; ȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ — Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ (ȊȖȐȕȈȔȐ); ȈȕȊȐȚȈȝ — șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȈȋȈȚ — ȊȣȠȓȐ (ȟȚȖȉȣ șȘȈȏȐȚȤșȧ). ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȖȑ Ȑ ȊȖȐȕȈȔȐ-ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȈȔȐ — ǹțȋȘȐȊȖȑ, ǽȈȕțȔȈȕȖȔ, ǫȈȕȌȝȈȔȈȌȖȑ, ǵȐȓȖȑ, ǨȕȋȈȌȖȑ, ǬȎȈȔȉȈȊȈȕȖȔ Ȑ ǷȈȕȈșȖȑ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ — ȊșȚțȗȐȓ Ȋ ȉȖȑ ș ȊȖȑșȒȖȔ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȖ ȏțȉȖȊ ȉȣȓȐ ȊȖȖȘțȎȍȕȣ ȕȍȖȚȘȈȏȐȔȣȔ ȖȘțȎȐȍȔ ȘȈȏȕȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ: ȔȍȟȈȔȐ, ȗȐȒȈȔȐ, ȓțȒȈȔȐ, ȗȘȈșȈȔȐ, ȘȐȠȚȐ, șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ ȠȈȒȚȐ, ȒȝȈȌȋȈȔȐ Ȑ ȚȖȔȈȘȈȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 Țȍ 'ȕȐȒȈȗȈ ȘȈȋȝțȗȈȚȍȘ ȈȉȝȐȗȈȚȑȈ șȈȘȊȍ ȌȊȈȕȌȊȈȔ ȊȈȘțȚȝȈȔ ȐȉȝȈ-ȗȈȚȚȐ-ȘȈȚȝȈȠȊȈ-ȑȖȌȝȈȐȝ ȌȎȈȋȝȕțȘ ȌȘțȔȈȐȘ ȋȐȘȐ-ȋȈȌȍȠțȉȝȐȘ ȈȕȋȈȌȈȌȑȈȝ șȐȚȈȉȝȐȔȈȘȠȈ-ȝȈȚȈ-ȔȈȕȋȈȓȈ-ȘȈȊȈȕȍȠȈȕ Țȍ — Țȍ; ȈȕȐȒȈ-ȗȈȝ — ȗȘȍȌȊȖȌȐȚȍȓȐ ȊȖȐȕȖȊ; ȘȈȋȝțȗȈȚȍȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ; ȈȉȝȐȗȈȚȑȈ — ȉȘȖșȐȊȠȐșȤ; șȈȘȊȍ — Ȋșȍ; ȌȊȈȕȌȊȈȔ — Ȋ ȉȐȚȊț; ȊȈȘțȚȝȈȔ — ȕȈ ȈȘȔȐȦ (ǸȈȊȈȕȣ); ȐȉȝȈ — șȘȈȎȈȦȡȐȔȐșȧ ȕȈ șȓȖȕȈȝ; ȗȈȚȚȐ — ȗȍȠȐȔȐ; ȘȈȚȝȈ — ȕȈ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȈȝ; ȈȠȊȈ — ȕȈ ȒȖȕȧȝ; ȑȖȌȝȈȐȝ — ș ȊȖȐȕȈȔȐ; ȌȎȈȋȝȕțȝ — ȐșȚȘȍȉȐȓȐ; ȌȘțȔȈȐȝ — ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȔȐ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧȔȐ; ȋȐȘȐ — ȊȍȘȠȐȕȈȔȐ ȋȖȘ; ȋȈȌȈ — ȗȈȓȐȞȈȔȐ; ȐȠțȉȝȐȝ — șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ; ȈȕȋȈȌȈ-ȈȌȑȈȝ — ȊȖȐȕȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȍ ǨȕȋȈȌȖȑ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ; șȐȚȈ — ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ǹȐȚȣ; ȈȉȝȐȔȈȘȠȈ — ȋȕȍȊȖȔ; ȝȈȚȈ — țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȈ; ȔȈȕȋȈȓȈ — Țȍȝ, ȟȤȧ țȌȈȟȈ; ȘȈȊȈȕȈ-ȐȠȈȕ — ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ. ǨȕȋȈȌȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȊȖȍȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȐȒȐ ȈȘȔȐȐ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ șȚȖȓȒȕțȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȉȖȦ ș ȗȍȠȐȔȐ ȊȖȐȕȈȔȐ, șȓȖȕȈȔȐ, ȓȖȠȈȌȤȔȐ Ȑ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȈȔȐ Ȑ șȚȈȓȐ ȏȈȉȘȈșȣȊȈȚȤ Ȑȝ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔȐ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧȔȐ, ȔȈȒțȠȒȈȔȐ ȋȖȘ Ȑ ȗȈȓȐȞȈȔȐ Ȑ șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ. ǺȈȒ ȊȖȐȕȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȘȈȏȋȘȖȔȐȓȐ ȊȖȑșȒȖ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȖȉȘȍȟȍȕȖ ȕȈ ȗȖȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ ȐȏȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȋȕȍȊ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ ȕȈȊȓȍȒ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍ ȕȈ ȋȖȓȖȊț ǸȈȊȈȕȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫșȍ ȊȖȑșȒȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ șȖșȚȖȧȓȖ Ȑȏ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ, ȎȐȊȠȐȝ Ȋ ȌȎțȕȋȓȧȝ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȚȈȒ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȊȖȖȘțȎȍȕȖ, ȒȈȒ ȊȖȑșȒȖ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ. ǪȖȐȕȣ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ ȊȓȈȌȍȓȐ șȈȔȣȔ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȘțȎȐȍȔ, Ȉ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȣ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȉȘȖșȈȚȤ ȒȈȔȕȐ, ȔȈȒțȠȒȐ ȋȖȘ Ȑ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧ. dzȐȠȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ Ȑ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ ȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓȐșȤ ȓțȒȖȔ Ȑ șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȊȖȐȕȣ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȖȉȘȍȟȍȕȣ ȕȈ ȗȖȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȖȒȓȧȚȐȍȔ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕȣ șȔȖȋȓȐ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȚȤ Ȑȝ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȉȘȖșȈȧ Ȋ ȕȐȝ ȒȈȔȕȐ Ȑ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧ. ǭșȚȤ ȌȊȍ șȐȓȣ — ȌȈȑȊȈ Ȑ ȗțȘțȠȈȒȈȘȈ . ǬȈȑȊȈ — ȥȚȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈȧ șȐȓȈ, ȗȖȟȍȘȗȕțȚȈȧ Ȑȏ ȐȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, Ȉ ȗțȘțȠȈȒȈȘȈ — ȥȚȖ șȐȓȈ, ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȕȈȧ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȘȈȏțȔȍ Ȑ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȧȝ. ǬțȝȖȊȕȈȧ șȐȓȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȐȚ șȐȓț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ. ǷȖȓȈȋȈȧșȤ ȕȈ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȉȍȌȐȚȤ ȊȘȈȋȈ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȕȍ ȊȓȈȌȍȍȚ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȘțȎȐȍȔ. ǰȔȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȧȓ ǨȘȌȎțȕț: ȔȈȔ ȈȕțșȔȈȘȈ ȑțȌȝȑȈ ȟȈ — «ǬțȔȈȑ ȖȉȖ Ǵȕȍ Ȑ 188


189 șȘȈȎȈȑșȧ». DzȖȋȌȈ ȊȖȐȕ ȉȤȍȚșȧ ș ȊȘȈȋȖȔ, Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ, ȕȈ ȟȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ, ȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȉȍȌȐȚȤ, Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ țȗȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȘȈȒȠȈȝ-ȗȈȚȐȝ șȊȈ-ȉȈȓȈ-ȕȈȠȚȐȔ ȈȊȍȒȠȑȈ ȘțȠȚȈ ȈȘțȝȑȈ ȑȈȕȈȒȈȔ ȈȚȝȈȉȝȐșȈșȈȘȈ ȘȈȔȈȔ șȊȈȝ-șȑȈȕȌȈȕȍ ȌȑțȔȈȚȐ ȔȈȚȈȓȐȕȖȗȈȕȐȚȍ ȊȐȉȝȘȈȌȎȈȔȈȕȈȔ ȈȝȈȕȈȕ ȕȐȠȐȚȈȐȝ ȒȠțȘȈȗȘȈȐȝ ȘȈȒȠȈȝ-ȗȈȚȐȝ — ȊȖȎȌȤ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ (ǸȈȊȈȕȈ); șȊȈ-ȉȈȓȈ-ȕȈȠȚȐȔ — ȐșȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȐȍ șȊȖȐȝ ȊȖȐȕȖȊ; ȈȊȍȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȘțȠȚȈȝ — ȘȈȏȢȧȘȍȕȕȣȑ; ȈȘțȝȑȈ — ȊȏȖȑȌȧ; ȑȈȕȈȒȈȔ — ȕȈ ȟțȌȍșȕȣȑ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȣȑ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȤ, țȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȞȊȍȚȈȔȐ; ȈȚȝȈ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȈȉȝȐșȈșȈȘȈ — ȌȊȐȕțȓșȧ; ȘȈȔȈȔ — ȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț; șȊȈȝ-șȑȈȕȌȈȕȍ — Ȋ ȕȍȉȍșȕȖȑ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȍ ǰȕȌȘȣ; ȌȑțȔȈȚȐ — Ȋ șȐȧȦȡȍȑ; ȔȈȚȈȓȐȕȈ — ǴȈȚȈȓȐ (ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȟȐȔ ǰȕȌȘȣ); țȗȈȕȐȚȍ — țȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȔȖȑ; ȊȐȉȝȘȈȌȎȈȔȈȕȈȔ — ȓțȟȍȏȈȘȕȖȋȖ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț); ȈȝȈȕȈȚ — țȌȈȘȐȓ; ȕȐȠȐȚȈȐȝ — ȖșȚȘȍȑȠȐȔȐ; ȒȠțȘȈȗȘȈȐȝ — șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ, ȞȈȘȤ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ, țȊȐȌȍȓ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȊȖȑșȒȖ ȘȈȏȉȐȚȖ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȋ ȧȘȖșȚȤ. ǪȏȖȑȌȧ ȕȈ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȞȊȍȚȈȔȐ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȣȑ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȤ, Ȗȕ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȖșșȍȌȈȓ ȕȈ șȐȧȦȡȍȑ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȍ, țȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȔȖȑ ǴȈȚȈȓȐ, ȊȖȏȕȐȟȐȔ ǰȕȌȘȣ. ǷȖȌȓȍȚȍȊ, ǸȈȊȈȕȈ șȚȈȓ ȖșȣȗȈȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț ȋȘȈȌȖȔ ȖșȚȘȣȝ șȚȘȍȓ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȘȈȔȈș ȚȈȔ ȈȝȈ ȗțȘțȠȈȌȈ-ȗțȘȐȠȈ ȑȈȕ ȕȈȝ ȒȈȕȚȈșȈȔȈȒȠȈȔ ȈșȈȚȈȗȈȝȘȐȚȈ ȠȊȈȊȈȚ Țȍ ȚȑȈȒȚȈ-ȚȘȈȗȈșȑȈ ȗȝȈȓȈȔ ȈȌȑȈ ȌȎțȋțȗșȐȚȈșȑȈ ȑȈȟȟȝȈȔȐ ȒȈȓȈ ȐȊȈ ȒȈȘȚțȘ ȈȓȈȕȋȝȑȈ-ȊȐȘȑȈȝ ȘȈȔȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ; ȚȈȔ — ȍȔț (ǸȈȊȈȕȍ); ȈȝȈ — șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȗțȘțȠȈ-ȈȌȈȗțȘȐȠȈ — Ȗ Țȣ, ȒȈȓ ȓȦȌȖȍȌȖȊ (ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ); ȑȈȚ — ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț; ȕȈȝ — ǴȖȧ; ȒȈȕȚȈ — șțȗȘțȋȈ; ȈșȈȔȈȒȠȈȔ — Ȋ (ǴȖȍ) ȖȚșțȚșȚȊȐȍ; ȈșȈȚȈ — ȕȍȟȍșȚȐȊȍȑȠȐȔ (ǺȖȉȖȑ); ȈȗȈȝȘȐȚȈ — ȗȖȝȐȡȍȕȈ; ȠȊȈ-ȊȈȚ — ȒȈȒ ȗȍș, ȚȈșȒȈȦȡȐȑ ȗȐȡț ș ȒțȝȕȐ Ȋ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊȐȍ ȝȖȏȧȍȊ; Țȍ — ȚȖȉȖȑ; ȚȑȈȒȚȈ-ȚȘȈȗȈșȑȈ — ȉȍșșȚȣȌȕȖȋȖ; ȗȝȈȓȈȔ ȈȌȑȈ — șȍȋȖȌȕȧ (ȗȘȍȗȖȌȕȍșț Țȍȉȍ) ȗȓȖȌ ȚȊȖȐȝ Ȍȍȓ; ȌȎțȋțȗșȐȚȈșȑȈ — ȖȔȍȘȏȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ; ȑȈȟȟȝȈȔȐ — ȌȈȔ (ȕȈȒȈȎț Țȍȉȧ); ȒȈȓȈȝ ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ șȔȍȘȚȤ; ȒȈȘȚțȝ — Țȍȉȧ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȊȠȍȋȖ Ȋșȍ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȐ; ȈȓȈȕȋȝȑȈ- ȊȐȘȑȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȐ țșȐȓȐȧ ȊșȍȋȌȈ țȊȍȕȟȐȊȈȦȚșȧ țșȗȍȝȖȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ ǸȈȊȈȕȍ: Ǻȣ șȈȔȣȑ ȔȍȘȏȒȐȑ Ȑȏ ȓȦȌȖȍȌȖȊ. Ǻȣ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ Ȑȝ ȐșȗȘȈȎȕȍȕȐȧȔ. Ǻȣ ȗȖȝȖȎ ȕȈ șȖȉȈȒț, ȐȉȖ șȖȉȈȒȈ ȊȖȘțȍȚ Ȑȏ ȒțȝȕȐ ȍȌț, ȗȖȒȈ ȝȖȏȧȐȕ ȖȚȓțȟȐȓșȧ. ǺȈȒ Ȑ Țȣ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ǴȖȦ Ȏȍȕț ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ǵȍȕȧ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȘȧȌȖȔ. ǯȈ ȥȚȖ ȇ ȗȖȒȈȘȈȦ Țȍȉȧ, ȒȈȒ ȇȔȈȘȈȌȎȈ ȒȈȘȈȍȚ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒȖȊ. Ǻȣ — ȉȍșșȖȊȍșȚȕȣȑ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț șȍȋȖȌȕȧ ȇ, ȟȤȐ țșȐȓȐȧ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȊȈȦȚ ȉȍșȗȓȖȌȕȣ, ȕȍȗȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȕȈȒȈȎț Țȍȉȧ.

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190 DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȈ ȟȈ ȌȈȐȊȈȚ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȉȈȓȈȔ: ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖșȚȖȧȚȤ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ șȐȓȍ. ǸȈȊȈȕȈ ȗȖȚȍȘȧȓ ȊșȧȒȐȑ șȚȣȌ Ȑ ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȋȘȧȏ Ȋ ȋȘȍȝȍ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȓ, ȟȍȔ ȖȉȍȘȕȍȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȗȖȗȣȚȒȈ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȚȤ ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚț, ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ. ǺȈȒ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ. ǨșȈȚȑȈȔ ȈȗȘȈȚȐȠȚȝȈȔ Țȍ ȌȎȈȋȈȌ ȈȝțȘ ȈȕȐȠȊȈȘȈȔ . ǸȈȒȠȈșȣ ȕȍ ȊȍȌȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ — ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ ȔȐȘȖȏȌȈȕȐȧ. ǶȕȐ ȌțȔȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ șȓțȟȈȧ, ȉȍȏ țȟȈșȚȐȧ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ, ȞȈȘȧ ȐȓȐ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȐ. ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȘȈȒȠȈșȣ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȚ șȈȔȖȊȖȓȤȕȖ, ȒȈȒ ȐȔ ȊȏȌțȔȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ ȏȈȝȖȌȧȚ ȗȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ ȚȈȒ ȌȈȓȍȒȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȣȚȈȦȚșȧ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȚȤ șȈȔț ȉȖȋȐȕȦ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȧ. ǬȍȑșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȚȈȒ, ȒȈȒ ȌȍȑșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ, ȒȘȈȑȕȍ ȖȗȈșȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȈ, ȐȉȖ ȥȚȖ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ ȊȍȌȍȚ Ȓ ȋȐȉȍȓȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȐ. ǺȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒȐ-ȘȈȒȠȈșȣ ȖșȔȍȓȐȊȈȦȚșȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ șȈȔȣȍ ȕȐȏȔȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȐ, ȏȈ ȟȚȖ ȕȍȐȏȉȍȎȕȖ ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȚ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ. ǸȍȓȐȋȐȧ — ȥȚȖ șȊȖȌ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȕȐȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȥȚȐȔ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔ, șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ, Ȉ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȐȔ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒȖȔ Ȑ ȗȖȌȓȍȎȐȚ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 ȥȊȈȔ ȒȠȐȗȈȕ ȌȝȈȕțȠȐ șȈȕȌȝȐȚȈȔ țȚșȈșȈȘȌȎȈ ȉȈȕȈȔ șȈ ȊȈȌȎȘȈȔ ȐȊȈ ȚȈȌ-ȌȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ ȉȐȉȝȍȌȈ șȖ 'șȘȐȋ ȊȈȔȈȕ ȌȈȠȈ-ȔțȒȝȈȐȘ ȕȑȈȗȈȚȈȌ ȊȐȔȈȕȈȌ ȌȝȈȝȍȚȐ ȌȎȈȓȗȈȚȐ ȌȎȈȕȍ șțȒȘȐȚȐȊȈ ȘȐȒȚȈȝ ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȒȠȐȗȈȕ — ȗȘȖȒȓȐȕȈȦȡȐȑ (ǸȈȊȈȕț); ȌȝȈȕțȠȐ — ȕȈ ȓțȒ; șȈȕȌȝȐȚȈȔ — ȕȈȓȖȎȍȕȕțȦ; țȚșȈșȈȘȌȎȈ — ȗȖșȓȈȓ (Ȋ ȕȍȋȖ); ȉȈȕȈȔ — șȚȘȍȓț; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ; ȊȈȌȎȘȈȔ ȐȊȈ — ȗȖȌȖȉȕțȦ ȔȖȓȕȐȐ; ȚȈȚ- ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ — ȍȋȖ șȍȘȌȞȍ (șȍȘȌȞȍ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ); ȉȐȉȝȍȌȈ — ȗȘȖȕȏȐȓ; șȈȝ — Ȗȕ (ǸȈȊȈȕȈ); ȈșȘȐȒ — ȒȘȖȊȤ; ȊȈȔȈȕ — ȐȏȘȣȋȈȦȡȐȑ; ȌȈȠȈ-ȔțȒȝȈȐȝ — ȌȍșȧȚȤȦ ȘȚȈȔȐ; ȕȑȈȗȈȚȈȚ — ȗȈȓ; ȊȐȔȈȕȈȚ — ș ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȖȋȖ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȧ; ȝȈȝȈ — țȊȣ; ȐȚȐ — ȚȈȒ; ȌȎȈȓȗȈȚȐ — ȊȖșȒȓȐȞȈȦȚ; ȌȎȈȕȍ — ȓȦȌȐ (ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ȗȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ); șțȒȘȐȚȐ ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȑ; ȘȐȒȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȊȣȠȍȓ ȏȈȗȈș ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ. ǶȚȟȐȚȈȊ ǸȈȊȈȕț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȓ șȚȘȍȓț ȕȈ ȚȍȚȐȊț ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȓțȒȈ, ȗȘȐȞȍȓȐȓșȧ Ȑ ȊȣȗțșȚȐȓ ȥȚț șȚȘȍȓț, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȔȖȓȕȐȐ, ȗȖȘȈȏȐȓȈ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȌȍȔȖȕȈ. ǻȊȐȌȍȊ ȥȚȖ, ȗȖȌȟȐȕȍȕȕȣȍ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ ȖȋȓȈșȐȓȐ ȊȖȏȌțȝ ȒȘȐȒȈȔȐ: «ǫȖȘȍ ȕȈȔ, ȋȖȘȍ! DzȈȒȈȧ ȉȍȌȈ!» ǴȍȎȌț ȚȍȔ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ, ȐȏȘȣȋȈȧ ȒȘȖȊȤ ȊșȍȔȐ ȌȍșȧȚȤȦ ȘȚȈȔȐ, Șțȝȕțȓ ș ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȖȋȖ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȧ ȕȈȏȍȔȤ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȚȖȔț ȒȈȒ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȐșȚȖȡȐȊȠȐȑ ȏȈȗȈș șȊȖȐȝ ȉȓȈȋȐȝ Ȍȍȓ, ȗȈȌȈȍȚ ș ȘȈȑșȒȖȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (9.21) șȒȈȏȈȕȖ: ȒȠȐȕȍ ȗțȕȑȍ ȔȈȘȚȑȈ-ȓȖȒȈȔ ȊȐȠȈȕȚȐ — «ǰșȟȍȘȗȈȊ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ șȊȖȐȝ ȉȓȈȋȐȝ Ȍȍȓ, ȌțȠȐ, ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȊȠȐȍșȧ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ, șȕȖȊȈ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ». DzȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ — ȉțȌȤ ȖȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȖȑ ȐȓȐ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȖȑ — ȕȍ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȚ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, Ȉ ȓȐȠȤ ȗȖȔȍȡȈȍȚ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ țșȓȖȊȐȧ. ǵȐ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȍ, ȕȐ ȋȘȍȝ ȕȍ ȌȈȦȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȖȒȖȊ ȔȈȑȐ Ȑ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȟȍȘȍȌț ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȑ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȍȑ. ǺȈȒ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȈȟȍ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȊȣșȖȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ ȞȈȘȧ Ȑ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȔ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȔ, ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȧșȤ ȊșȍȔȐ ȍȋȖ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȐȔ ȋȘȍȝȈ, Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚț, Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ ȏȈșȓțȋȐ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȕȐȟȚȖ. 190


191 ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȈȕȖșȐȚ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȌțȠȍ ȐȓȐ ǹȈȔȖȔț ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȗȕ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ șȈȔȣȔ ȗȘȍȏȘȍȕȕȣȔ Ȑȏ ȓȦȌȍȑ. dzȐȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȓȖȌȖȊ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȧ, Ȗȕ ȕȍȔȐȕțȍȔȖ ȗȈȌȍȚ, ȒȈȒ ȗȈȓ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȌȍȔȖȕȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȠȈșȚȘȣ șȖȊȍȚțȦȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȕȈȌ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȍȔ Ȑ ȕȍȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȍȔ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȟȐșȚȖȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ, șȊȖȉȖȌȕȖȍ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ șȈȔȖȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȍȕȐȑ (șȈȘȊȖȗȈȌȝȐ-ȊȐȕȐȘȔțȒȚȈȔ ȚȈȚ- ȗȈȘȈȚȊȍȕȈ ȕȐȘȔȈȓȈȔ) . ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ, ȊȣȝȖȌȐȚ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȣ șȜȍȘȣ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. ǵȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȈȦȚ ȊȣșȖȒȖȍ Ȑ ȕȐȏȒȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȕȖ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖȌȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈȌ ȥȚȐȔ țȘȖȊȕȍȔ, Ȗȕ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ Ȍțȝȍ (șȈ ȋțȕȈȕ șȈȔȈȚȐȚȑȈȐȚȈȕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȑȈȑȈ ȒȈȓȗȈȚȍ) . ǸȈȊȈȕȈ Ȑ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȍȔț ȌȍȔȖȕȣ ȔȖȋțȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȐȓȤȕȣ Ȑ ȉȖȋȈȚȣ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ Ȑȝ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ Ȋșȍ ȘȈȊȕȖ ȕȍȕȈȌȍȎȕȖ: ȖȕȐ șȊȧȏȈȕȣ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧȔȐ șȊȖȍȑ ȒȈȘȔȣ (ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈ ȌȈȐȊȈ-ȕȍȚȘȍȕȈ) . ǵȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȏȈȉȣȊȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ Ȕȣ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔ ȖȚ ȏȈȒȖȕȖȊ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȍȝ ȒȘȐȑȈȔȈȕȈȕȐ ȋțȕȈȐȝ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ șȈȘȊȈȠȈȝ ȈȝȈȕȒȈȘȈ-ȊȐȔțȌȝȈȚȔȈ ȒȈȘȚȈȝȈȔ ȐȚȐ ȔȈȕȑȈȚȍ «ǪȊȍȌȍȕȕȈȧ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȓȖȎȕȣȔ ȥȋȖ, ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ șȟȐȚȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȡȍȑ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ ȚȘȐ ȋțȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ» (ǩ.-ȋ., 3.27). ǵȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȋȖȘȌȐȚȤșȧ șȊȖȐȔ ȊȣșȖȒȐȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȗȖșȚțȗȈȚȤ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ǸȈȊȈȕȍ, ȊȖȏȖȔȕȐȊ șȍȉȧ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȣȔ ȖȚ ȏȈȒȖȕȖȊ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 24 ȚȈȚȖ ȕȐȠȒȘȈȔȑȈ ȓȈȕȒȈȑȈ ȑȈȚțȌȝȈȕȑȈȝ șȈȝȈșȘȈȠȈȝ ȔȈȕȌȖȌȈȘȑȈ șȈȔȈȔ ȚȈȚȘȈ ȗȘȈȘțȌȈȕȚȑȈ țȗȈȌȘȈȊȈȕ ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ; ȕȐȠȒȘȈȔȑȈ — ȊȣȑȌȧ; ȓȈȕȒȈȑȈȝ — Ȑȏ dzȈȕȒȐ; ȑȈȚțȌȝȈȕȑȈȝ — Ȏȍȕȣ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ; șȈȝȈșȘȈȠȈȝ — ȚȣșȧȟȈȔȐ; ȔȈȕȌȖȌȈȘȑȈ — ș ǴȈȕȌȖȌȈȘȐ, ȎȍȕȖȑ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ; șȈȔȈȔ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ; ȚȈȚȘȈ — ȚțȌȈ; ȗȘȈȘțȌȈȕȚȑȈȝ — șȒȖȘȉȕȖ ȘȣȌȈȦȡȐȍ; țȗȈȌȘȈȊȈȕ — ȗȘȐȉȓȐȎȈȦȡȐȍșȧ (Ȓ șȊȖȐȔ ȔȍȘȚȊȣȔ ȔțȎȤȧȔ). ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǴȈȕȌȖȌȈȘȐ, ȎȍȕȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, Ȑ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ, ȟȤȐ ȔțȎȤȧ ȗȈȓȐ Ȋ ȉȖȦ, ȊȣȠȓȐ Ȑȏ [ȋȖȘȖȌȈ] dzȈȕȒȐ. ǩȍȏțȚȍȠȕȖ ȘȣȌȈȧ, ȖȕȐ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȓȐșȤ Ȓ ȔȍȘȚȊȣȔ ȚȍȓȈȔ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 șȊȈȕ șȊȈȕ ȉȈȕȌȝțȕ ȗȈȘȐȠȊȈȌȎȑȈ ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȍȠțȉȝȐȘ ȈȘȌȐȚȈȕ ȘțȘțȌțȝ șțșȊȈȘȈȔ ȌȐȕȈ ȋȝȕȈȕȚȑȈ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈ șȊȈȕ șȊȈȕ — ȔțȎȍȑ; ȉȈȕȌȝțȕ — ȌȘțȏȍȑ; ȗȈȘȐȠȊȈȌȎȑȈ — ȖȉȕȧȊ; ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ-ȐȠțȉȝȐȝ — șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ; ȈȘȌȐȚȈȕ — șȘȈȎȍȕȕȣȝ; ȘțȘțȌțȝ — ȎȈȓȖȉȕȖ ȏȈȘȣȌȈȓȐ; șț191


192 șȊȈȘȈȔ — șȓȈȌȒȖȏȊțȟȕȖ; ȌȐȕȈȝ — ȕȍșȟȈșȚȕȣȍ; ȋȝȕȈȕȚȑȈȝ — țȌȈȘȧȦȡȐȍ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ — șȍȉȍ (Ȋ ȋȘțȌȤ); ȈȚȔȈȕȈ — șȈȔȐ. ǰȝ ȔțȎȤȧ ȗȖȋȐȉȓȐ ȖȚ șȚȘȍȓ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȣ, Ȑ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȥȚȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ Ȋ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȋȖȘȍ ȉȐȓȐ șȍȉȧ Ȋ ȋȘțȌȤ, ȖȉȕȐȔȈȓȐ ȚȍȓȈ șȊȖȐȝ șțȗȘțȋȖȊ Ȑ ȎȈȓȖȉȕȖ ȗȘȐȟȐȚȈȓȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȝȈ ȝȈȚȈȝ șȔȈ ȊȈȑȈȔ ȕȈȚȝȈ ȓȖȒȈ-ȘȈȊȈȕȈ ȘȈȊȈȕȈ ȒȈȔ ȑȈȑȈȟ ȟȝȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȓȈȕȒȈ ȚȊȈȌ-ȊȐȝȐȕȈ ȗȈȘȈȘȌȐȚȈ ȝȈ — țȊȣ; ȝȈȚȈȝ — țȉȐȚȣ; șȔȈ — ȕȍȌȈȊȕȖ; ȊȈȑȈȔ — Ȕȣ; ȕȈȚȝȈ — Ȗ ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒ; ȓȖȒȈȘȈȊȈȕȈ — Ȗ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈșȚȈȊȓȧȓ ȘȣȌȈȚȤ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȘȈȊȈȕȈ — Ȗ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ, ȗȖȊȍȘȋȈȦȡȐȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ Ȋ ȗȓȈȟ; ȒȈȔ — Ȓ ȒȖȔț; ȑȈȑȈȚ — ȗȖȑȌȍȚ; ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ; ȓȈȕȒȈ — ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȖ dzȈȕȒȈ; ȚȊȈȚ-ȊȐȝȐȕȈ — ȓȐȠȐȊȠȍȍșȧ Țȍȉȧ; ȗȈȘȈȈȘȌȐȚȈ — ȗȖȉȍȎȌȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȘȈȋȈȔȐ. Ƕ ȔȖȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ! Ƕ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ! Ǻȣ ȏȈșȚȈȊȓȧȓ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȚȤ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Țȍȉȧ ȗȘȖȏȊȈȓȐ ǸȈȊȈȕȖȑ. ǹȍȑȟȈș, ȒȖȋȌȈ Țȣ ȗȖȊȍȘȎȍȕ, Ȕȣ ȗȖȊȍȘȎȍȕȣ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȚȖȉȖȑ, ȐȉȖ ȉȍȏ Țȍȉȧ ȊȘȈȋ ȏȈȊȖȍȊȈȓ dzȈȕȒț. DzȚȖ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȍȍ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǮȍȕȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, ǴȈȕȌȖȌȈȘȐ, Ȑ Ȏȍȕȣ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȓȐ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȎȍșȚȖȒȐȔ ȉȣȓ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ. ǹȈȔȖ șȓȖȊȖ ȘȈȊȈȕȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȓȈȒȈȚȤ». ǸȈȊȈȕȈ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȌȖșȈȎȌȈȓ ȌȘțȋȐȔ, ȕȖ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȈȠȈ ȍȋȖ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ ȗȍȘȍȗȖȓȕȐȓȈșȤ Ȑ Ȗȕ ȌȖȠȍȓ ȌȖ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖșȧȋȕțȓ ȕȈ șȈȔț ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ țȉȐȓ ȍȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȕȈ ȊȈȐ ȊȍȌȈ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȒȈȔȈ-ȊȈȠȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȚȍȌȎȖ 'ȕțȉȝȈȊȈȔ șȐȚȈȑȈ ȑȍȕȈ ȕȐȚȖ ȌȈȠȈȔ ȐȔȈȔ ȕȈ — ȕȍ; ȊȈȐ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȊȍȌȈ — ȏȕȈȍȔ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈ — Ȗ țȌȈȟȓȐȊȍȑȠȐȑ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕ — Ȑ Țȣ, ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ; ȒȈȔȈ-ȊȈȠȈȔ — ȗȖȌ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ȗȖȝȖȚȐ; ȋȈȚȈȝ — ȗȖȗȈȊȠȐȑ; ȚȍȌȎȈȝ — ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȈ; ȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȔ — ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ; șȐȚȈȑȈȝ — ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ǹȐȚȣ; ȑȍȕȈ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ; ȕȐȚȈȝ — ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȕ; ȌȈȠȈȔ — Ȓ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȦ; ȐȔȈȔ — ȚȈȒȖȔț (Ȓ ȋȐȉȍȓȐ). Ƕ ȉȈȓȖȊȍȕȤ șțȌȤȉȣ, ȖȝȊȈȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȍȔ, Țȣ ȕȍ șȔȖȋ ȗȖ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊț ȖȞȍȕȐȚȤ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ ǹȐȚȣ. ǷȘȖȒȓȧȚȣȑ ȍȦ, Țȣ țȚȘȈȚȐȓ Ȋșȍ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ Ȑ ȗȖȋȐȉ ȖȚ ȘțȒȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǹȐȚȈ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, ȕȖ ȓȦȉȈȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȖ ȍȍ șȚȖȗȈȔ, ȚȖȎȍ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȚȈȒȖȑ Ȏȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ. ǺȖȔț ȍșȚȤ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȖȊ Ȋ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ. ǵȖ ȊșȧȒȐȑ ȘȈȏ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȋ ȕȐȝ ȏȈȝȖȌȐȚ ȘȍȟȤ Ȗȉ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȖȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȍ, țȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ȐȔȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ǹȐȚȣ. ǴȈȕȌȖȌȈȘȐ, ȎȍȕȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, ȚȖȎȍ ȉȣȓȈ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȖȑ. ǬȘȈțȗȈȌȐ ȚȈȒȎȍ 192


193 ȊȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȟȐșȓȖ ȗȧȚȐ șȈȔȣȝ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȣȝ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ. ǭșȓȐ ȔțȎȟȐȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȘȐȔȍȘț ȚȈȒȐȝ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȌțȠ, ȒȈȒ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ Ȑ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ, ȚȖ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔ ȕțȎȕȖ ȐȌȚȐ ȗȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȝ Ȏȍȕ, ȒȈȒ ǹȐȚȈ, ǴȈȕȌȖȌȈȘȐ Ȑ ǬȘȈțȗȈȌȐ. ǽȘȈȕȧ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȐȍ Ȑ ȖșȚȈȊȈȧșȤ ȊȍȘȕȖȑ șȊȖȍȔț ȔțȎț, ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȕȍȊȍȘȖȧȚȕȖȍ, șȊȍȘȝȢȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǷȘȈȊȐȓȈ ȔȖȘȈȓȐ ȋȓȈșȧȚ, ȟȚȖ ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ș ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȍȔ șȔȖȚȘȍȚȤ ȕȈ ȟțȎȐȝ Ȏȍȕ. ǴȈȚȘȐȊȈȚ ȗȈȘȈ- ȌȈȘȍȠț: ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȑ ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȟțȎȖȑ Ȏȍȕȍ, ȒȈȒ Ȓ șȊȖȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ. ȅȚȖȚ șȖȊȍȚ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ Ȋ «ȟȈȕȈȒȤȧ-ȠȓȖȒȍ» (10): ȔȈȚȘȐȊȈȚ ȗȈȘȈ-ȌȈȘȍȠț ȗȈȘȈ-ȌȘȈȊȑȍȠț ȓȖȠȚȘȈȊȈȚ ȈȚȔȈȊȈȚ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȍȠț ȑȈȝ ȗȈȠȑȈȚȐ șȈ ȗȈȕȌȐȚȈȝ «ǺȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȟțȎȖȑ Ȏȍȕȍ, ȒȈȒ Ȓ șȊȖȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ, Ȓ ȟțȎȖȔț ȐȔțȡȍșȚȊț — ȒȈȒ Ȓ ȔțșȖȘț ȕȈ țȓȐȞȍ, Ȉ Ȓ ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ — ȒȈȒ Ȓ șȈȔȖȔț șȍȉȍ, șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȗȖ-ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȔț ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ». ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǸȈȊȈȕț ȖșțȌȐȓ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ȕȖ Ȑ șȈȔȈ ȎȍȕȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, ǴȈȕȌȖȌȈȘȐ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȖȕȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȖȑ, ȍȑ ȉȣȓȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ, ȒȈȒȖȑ șȐȓȖȑ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȓȦȉȈȧ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȚȈȒȈȧ, ȒȈȒ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 ȒȘȐȚȈȐȠȈ ȊȐȌȝȈȊȈ ȓȈȕȒȈ ȊȈȑȈȔ ȟȈ ȒțȓȈ-ȕȈȕȌȈȕȈ ȌȍȝȈȝ ȒȘȐȚȖ 'ȕȕȈȔ ȋȘȐȌȝȘȈȕȈȔ ȈȚȔȈ ȕȈȘȈȒȈ-ȝȍȚȈȊȍ ȒȘȐȚȈ — șȌȍȓȈȕȈ (ȚȖȉȖȑ); ȥȠȈ — ȥȚȈ; ȊȐȌȝȈȊȈ — ȉȍȏȏȈȡȐȚȕȈȧ; ȓȈȕȒȈ — șȚȘȈȕȈ dzȈȕȒȈ; ȊȈȑȈȔ ȟȈ — Ȑ Ȕȣ; ȒțȓȈ-ȕȈȕȌȈȕȈ — Ȗ ȘȈȌȖșȚȤ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ; ȌȍȝȈȝ — ȚȍȓȖ; ȒȘȐȚȈȝ — șȌȍȓȈȕȖ (ȚȖȉȖȑ); ȈȕȕȈȔ — ȗȐȡȍȑ; ȋȘȐȌȝȘȈȕȈȔ — șȚȍȘȊȧȚȕȐȒȖȊ; ȈȚȔȈ — (ȚȊȖȧ) ȌțȠȈ; ȕȈȘȈȒȈ-ȝȍȚȈȊȍ — Ȍȓȧ ȈȌȈ. Ƕ ȘȈȌȖșȚȤ ȘȖȌȈ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ, Ȑȏ-ȏȈ Țȍȉȧ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ dzȈȕȒȐ Ȑ Ȕȣ șȈȔȐ ȖșȚȈȓȐșȤ ȉȍȏ ȏȈȡȐȚȣ. ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȈȔȐ Țȣ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȓ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȚȊȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ șȢȍȓȐ șȚȍȘȊȧȚȕȐȒȐ, Ȉ ȌțȠȈ ȚȊȖȧ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓȈșȤ Ȋ ȈȌ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȐȌȍȚ ȗțȚȍȔ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, țȌȖșȚȈȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȌȊțȝ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȑ: ȍȋȖ ȚȍȓȖ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȗȐȡȍȑ șȖȉȈȒ Ȑ șȚȍȘȊȧȚȕȐȒȖȊ, Ȉ ȌțȠȈ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȈȌ. ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (16.19): ȚȈȕ ȈȝȈȔ ȌȊȐȠȈȚȈȝ ȒȘțȘȈȕ șȈȔșȈȘȍȠț ȕȈȘȈȌȝȈȔȈȕ ȒȠȐȗȈȔȑ ȈȌȎȈșȘȈȔ ȈȠțȉȝȈȕ ȈșțȘȐȠȊ ȥȊȈ ȑȖȕȐȠț «ǰȝ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȝ ȕȍȕȈȊȐșȚȐ Ȑ ȏȓȖȕȘȈȊȕȣȝ, șȈȔȣȝ ȕȐȏȒȐȝ șȘȍȌȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȇ ȕȈȊȍȒȐ ȕȐȏȊȍȘȋȈȦ Ȋ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ, ȖȉȘȍȒȈȧ Ȑȝ șȕȖȊȈ ȘȖȎȌȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȌȍȔȖȕȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȜȖȘȔȈȝ ȎȐȏȕȐ». ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒȖȊ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ǸȈȊȈȕȍ, ǽȐȘȈȕȤȧȒȈȠȐȗț, DzȈȔșȍ ȐȓȐ ǬȈȕȚȈȊȈȒȘȍ, ȎȌȍȚ ȈȌșȒȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǴȈȕȌȖȌȈȘȐ, 193


194 ȎȍȕȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, ȗȖȕȐȔȈȓȈ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȉȣȓȈ ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȖȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȖȑ. ǶȗȓȈȒȐȊȈȧ șȔȍȘȚȤ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ, ȖȕȈ ȏȕȈȓȈ, ȟȚȖ șȓțȟȐȚșȧ ș ȍȋȖ ȚȍȓȖȔ Ȑ ȌțȠȖȑ, ȐȉȖ ȋȓȈȏȈȔȐ ȔțȌȘȖșȚȐ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȚȖ, ȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ țȊȐȌȐȠȤ ȖȉȣȟȕȣȔ ȏȘȍȕȐȍȔ (ȗȈȠȑȈȕȚȐ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȟȈȒȠțȠȈȝ) . Ǫ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ ȍșȚȤ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȖȊ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, șȚȈȊ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒȖȔ, ȗȖȓțȟȈȍȚ șțȘȖȊȖȍ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ, ȊȣȕȍșȍȕȕȖȍ ȍȔț ȏȈȒȖȕȈȔȐ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 29 ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ șȊȈȕȈȔ ȊȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈȠ ȟȈȒȘȍ ȒȖșȈȓȍȕȌȘȈȕțȔȖȌȐȚȈȝ ȗȐȚȘȐ-ȔȍȌȝȈ-ȊȐȌȝȈȕȍȕȈ ȑȈȌ țȒȚȈȔ șȈȔȗȈȘȈȑȐȒȈȔ ȠȘȐ-ȠțȒȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ — ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ; șȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ șȊȖȐȝ (ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȖȊ); ȊȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈȝ — ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈ (ȉȘȈȚ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ); ȟȈȒȘȍ — șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ; ȒȖșȈȓȈ-ȐȕȌȘȈ-ȈȕțȔȖȌȐȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȉȣȓȖ ȌȈȕȖ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ; ȗȐȚȘȐ-ȔȍȌȝȈ-ȊȐȌȝȈȕȍȕȈ — ȗȖȋȘȍȉȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȉȘȧȌȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ ȗȖ ȖȚȞț șȣȕ ȐȓȐ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȐ; ȑȈȚ țȒȚȈȔ — ȒȈȒ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȖ; șȈȔȗȈȘȈȑȐȒȈȔ — ȗȖșȔȍȘȚȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȧȌ, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȣȑ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȗȈșȚȐ țȔȍȘȠȍȋȖ ȖȚ ȈȌȈ. ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈ, ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȑ ȉȘȈȚ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, ȐșȗȘȖșȐȊ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȐȍ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȣ, ȞȈȘȧ DzȖȠȈȓȣ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȍ ȗȖȋȘȍȉȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȉȘȧȌȣ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ șȊȖȐȝ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȖȊ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȗȈșȚȐ Ȑȝ ȖȚ ȈȌȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǶȉȣȟȕȖ, ȗȖȒȐȕțȊ ȖȌȕȖ ȚȍȓȖ, ȌțȠȈ ȗȍȘȍșȍȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȖȍ, ȕȖ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȉȣȓ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȋȘȍȠȍȕ, ȍȔț ȕȍ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȍȚșȧ șȘȈȏț ȘȖȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȕȖȊȖȔ Țȍȓȍ Ȑ Ȗȕ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȗȘȐȊȐȌȍȕȐȍȔ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤ țȔȍȘȠȍȋȖ ȖȚ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȑ țȟȈșȚȐ, Ȋ ȍȋȖ ȟȍșȚȤ ȕțȎȕȖ, ȒȈȒ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ Ȋ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȗȖȋȘȍȉȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȧȌ, ȐȔȍȕțȍȔȣȑ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȖȑ . ǸȈȊȈȕȈ ȉȣȓ țȉȐȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ, Ȑ ȍȔț ȗȘȍȌșȚȖȧȓȖ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȈȌ, ȕȖ ȗȖ șȖȊȍȚț ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȣ ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈ, ȉȘȈȚ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ Ȋșȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȍ ȖȉȘȧȌȣ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ țȔȍȘȠȍȔț. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ Ȓ ǸȈȊȈȕȍ ȌȈȎȍ ȗȖșȓȍ ȍȋȖ șȔȍȘȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 ȚȈȚȖ ȌȈȌȈȘȠȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȈȠȖȒȈ-ȊȈȕȐȒȈȠȘȈȔȍ ȒȠȈȔȈȔ șȊȈ-ȊȐȘȈȝȈ-ȊȑȈȌȝȐȔ ȠȐȔȠȈȗȈ-ȔțȓȈȔ-ȈȠȘȐȚȈȔ ȚȈȚȈȝ — ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȌȈȌȈȘȠȈ — țȊȐȌȍȓ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ; ȈȠȖȒȈ-ȊȈȕȐȒȈ-ȈȠȘȈȔȍ — Ȋ ȔȈȓȍȕȤȒȖȑ ȝȐȎȐȕȍ Ȋ ȓȍșț ȌȍȘȍȊȤȍȊ ȈȠȖȒȈ; ȒȠȈȔȈȔ — ȐșȝțȌȈȊȠțȦ; șȊȈ-ȊȐȘȈȝȈ-ȊȑȈȌȝȐȔ — șȚȘȈȌȈȦȡțȦ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ; ȠȐȔȠȈȗȈ — ȌȍȘȍȊȈ ȠȐȔȠȈȗȈ; ȔțȓȈȔ — ț ȒȖȘȕȍȑ; ȈȠȘȐȚȈȔ — țȒȘȣȊȠțȦșȧ. 194


195 ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖȚȣșȒȈȓ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ șȐȌȍȓȈ Ȋ ȝȐȎȐȕȍ ȗȖȌ ȌȍȘȍȊȖȔ ȠȐȔȠȈȗȈ, Ȋ ȘȖȡȍ Ȑȏ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȍȊ ȈȠȖȒȈ. ǶȕȈ Ȋșȧ ȐșȝțȌȈȓȈ ȖȚ ȋȖȘȧ Ȑ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ ș ȓȦȉȐȔȣȔ ȔțȎȍȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 31 ȘȈȔȈȝ ȗȘȐȑȈȚȈȔȈȔ ȉȝȈȘȑȈȔ ȌȐȕȈȔ ȊȐȒȠȑȈȕȊȈȒȈȔȗȈȚȈ ȈȚȔȈ-șȈȕȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝȓȈȌȈ ȊȐȒȈșȈȕ-ȔțȒȝȈ-ȗȈȕȒȈȌȎȈȔ ȘȈȔȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ; ȗȘȐȑȈ-ȚȈȔȈȔ — ȌȘȈȎȈȑȠțȦ; ȉȝȈȘȑȈȔ — șțȗȘțȋț; ȌȐȕȈȔ — ȕȍșȟȈșȚȕțȦ; ȊȐȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȈȕȊȈȒȈȔȗȈȚȈ — ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȍ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȍ; ȈȚȔȈ-șȈȕȌȈȘȠȈȕȈ — ȗȘȐ ȊȐȌȍ ȊȖȏȓȦȉȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ; ȈȝȓȈȌȈ — ȥȒșȚȈȚȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȘȈȌȖșȚȤ; ȊȐȒȈșȈȚ — ȊȣȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȡȐȍ; ȔțȒȝȈ — țșȚȈ; ȗȈȕȒȈȌȎȈȔ — ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȓȖȚȖșț. ǻȊȐȌȍȊ ǹȊȖȦ Ȏȍȕț Ȋ ȚȈȒȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȘȖȕȐȒșȧ Ȓ ȕȍȑ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȍȔ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȗȖȌȖȠȍȓ Ȓ ȕȍȑ, ȖȕȈ ȉȍȏȔȍȘȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȌȖȊȈȓȈșȤ ȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ șȕȖȊȈ ȊȐȌȐȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȖȏȓȦȉȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ, Ȑ ȍȍ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȍ ȓȖȚȖșț ȓȐȞȖ ȗȘȖșȐȧȓȖ ȖȚ șȟȈșȚȤȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 32 ȈȘȖȗȑȈȘțȘțȝȍ ȑȈȕȈȔ ȉȝȘȈȚȘȐȉȝȑȈȔ ȝȈȕțȔȈȌ-ȑțȚȈȝ ȊȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈȑȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȌȈȚȚȊȈ ȘȈȒȠȖ-ȋȈȕȍȠȈȚȈȔ ȓȈȕȒȈȔ ȈȑțȠ ȟȈ ȒȈȓȗȈȕȚȈȔ ȑȈȑȈț ȟȐȘȕȈ-ȊȘȈȚȈȝ ȗțȘȐȔ ȈȘȖȗȑȈ — ȗȖȔȍșȚȐȊ; ȈȘțȘțȝȍ — ȊȏȖȠȍȓ; ȑȈȕȈȔ — ȕȈ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȣȑ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȤ; ȉȝȘȈȚȘȐȉȝȑȈȔ — șȖ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȉȘȈȚȖȔ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȖȑ Ȑ ȊȖȍȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȐȒȖȔ ǹțȋȘȐȊȖȑ; ȝȈȕțȔȈȚ-ȑțȚȈȝ — șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ ǽȈȕțȔȈȕȖȔ; ȊȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈȑȈ — ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȍ (ȉȘȈȚț ǸȈȊȈȕȣ); ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȌȈȚȚȊȈ — ȌȈȘȖȊȈȊ; ȘȈȒȠȈȝ-ȋȈȕȈ-ȐȠȈȚȈȔ — ȊȓȈșȚȤ ȕȈȌ ȕȈȘȖȌȖȔ ȘȈȒȠȈșȖȊ; ȓȈȕȒȈȔ — ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȖ dzȈȕȒț; Ȉȑțȝ ȟȈ — Ȑ ȌȖȓȋțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ; ȒȈȓȗȈ-ȈȕȚȈȔ — ȌȖ ȒȖȕȞȈ ȒȈȓȗȣ; ȑȈȑȈț — ȖȚȉȣȓ (ȌȖȔȖȑ); ȟȐȘȕȈ- ȊȘȈȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȧ ȓȍșȕȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȐȓȈșȤ; ȗțȘȐȔ — Ȋ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȦ. ǷȖȘțȟȐȊ ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ ȘȈȒȠȈșȈȔȐ ȕȈ dzȈȕȒȍ ȕȈ ȗȘȖȚȧȎȍȕȐȐ ȖȌȕȖȑ ȒȈȓȗȣ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ [ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ], ȗȖșȈȌȐȓ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ ȕȈ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȣȑ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȤ, țȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȞȊȍȚȈȔȐ, Ȑ ȊȏȖȠȍȓ ȕȈ ȕȍȋȖ ǹȈȔ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǭȋȖ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ȓȍșț ȗȖȌȖȠȓȖ Ȓ ȒȖȕȞț, Ƕȕ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ Ȋ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȦ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ǽȈȕțȔȈȕȖȔ, ǹțȋȘȐȊȖȑ Ȑ ȉȘȈȚȖȔ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 33 ȈȊȈȒȐȘȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ șțȒțșțȔȈȐȘ ȓȖȒȈȗȈȓȈȘȗȐȚȈȐȝ ȗȈȚȝȐ țȗȈȋȐȑȈȔȈȕȈ-ȟȈȘȐȚȈȝ 195


196 ȠȈȚȈȌȝȘȐȚȑ-ȈȌȐȉȝȐȘ ȔțȌȈ ȈȊȈȒȐȘȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȖșȣȗȈȍȔȣȑ; șț-ȒțșțȔȈȐȝ — ȟțȌȍșȕȣȔȐ ȈȘȖȔȈȚȕȣȔȐ ȞȊȍȚȈȔȐ; ȓȖȒȈ-ȗȈȓȈ-ȈȘȗȐȚȈȐȝ — ȗȖȌȕȍșȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȟȓȍȕȈȔȐ ȞȈȘșȒȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ; ȗȈȚȝȐ — ȕȈ ȌȖȘȖȋȍ; țȗȈȋȐȑȈȔȈȕȈ-ȟȈȘȐȚȈȝ — ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȑ ȏȈ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ; ȠȈȚȈȌȝȘȐȚȐȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȖȑ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ; ȔțȌȈ — ș ȓȐȒȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ. ǷȖ ȗțȚȐ Ȋ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ ȞȈȘșȒȐȝ ȘȖȌȖȊ, ȖșȣȗȈȊȠȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȌȐȊȕȣȔȐ ȈȘȖȔȈȚȕȣȔȐ ȞȊȍȚȈȔȐ, Ȉ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȐ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȚȈȒȐȍ ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, ș ȓȐȒȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ șȓȈȊȐȓȐ ȗȖȌȊȐȋȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 34 ȋȖ-ȔțȚȘȈ-ȑȈȊȈȒȈȔ ȠȘțȚȊȈ ȉȝȘȈȚȈȘȈȔ ȊȈȓȒȈȓȈȔȉȈȘȈȔ ȔȈȝȈ-ȒȈȘțȕȐȒȖ 'ȚȈȗȑȈȌȎ ȌȎȈȚȐȓȈȔ șȚȝȈȕȌȐȓȍ-ȠȈȑȈȔ ȋȖ-ȔțȚȘȈ-ȑȈȊȈȒȈȔ — ȗȐȚȈȦȡȍȋȖșȧ ȧȟȔȍȕȍȔ, șȊȈȘȍȕȕȣȔ Ȋ ȒȖȘȖȊȤȍȑ ȔȖȟȍ; ȠȘțȚȊȈ — țșȓȣȠȈȊ; ȉȝȘȈȚȈȘȈȔ — ȗȘȖ ǩȝȈȘȈȚț, ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȉȘȈȚȈ; ȊȈȓȒȈȓȈ-ȈȔȉȈȘȈȔ — ȖȌȍȊȈȦȡȍȋȖșȧ Ȋ ȌȘȍȊȍșȕțȦ ȒȖȘț; ȔȈȝȈ- ȒȈȘțȕȐȒȈȝ — ȊșȍȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȣȑ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȈȚȈȗȑȈȚ — ȋȖȘȤȒȖ șȒȖȘȉȍȓ; ȌȎȈȚȐȓȈȔ — ȕȍ ȘȈșȟȍșȣȊȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȊȖȓȖș; șȚȝȈȕȌȐȓȍ-ȠȈȑȈȔ — șȗȧȡȍȋȖ ȕȈ ȒțȠȈșȈȕȍ, ȚȘȈȊȧȕȖȑ ȗȖȌșȚȐȓȒȍ. ǬȖșȚȐȋȕțȊ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ țȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȗȖȒȈ ǭȋȖ ȏȌȍșȤ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ, ȉȘȈȚ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ, ȗȐȚȈȓșȧ ȧȟȔȍȕȍȔ, șȊȈȘȍȕȕȣȔ ȕȈ ȔȖȟȍ ȒȖȘȖȊȣ, ȖȌȍȊȈȓșȧ Ȋ ȌȘȍȊȍșȕțȦ ȒȖȘț, ȕȍ ȘȈșȟȍșȣȊȈȓ Ȑ ȕȍ șȚȘȐȋ ȊȖȓȖșȣ Ȑ șȗȈȓ ȕȈ ȗȖȌșȚȐȓȒȍ Ȑȏ ȚȘȈȊȣ ȒțȠȈ. ȅȚȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȐȍ ȗȖȊȍȘȋȓȖ ȊșȍȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȖȒțȦ ȗȍȟȈȓȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 35 - 38 ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȗȚȈȔ ȈȒȈȘȕȑȈ ȗȈțȘȈȔȈȚȑȈ-ȗțȘȖȝȐȚȈȐȝ ȗȈȌțȒȍ ȠȐȘȈșȐ ȕȑȈșȑȈ ȘȈȔȈȔ ȗȘȈȚȑțȌȑȈȚȖ 'ȋȘȈȌȎȈȔ ȕȈȕȌȐȋȘȈȔȈȚ șȊȈ-ȠȐȉȐȘȈȌ ȋȐȚȈ-ȊȈȌȐȚȘȈ-ȕȐȝșȊȈȕȈȐȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȋȝȖȠȍȕȈ ȟȈ Ȕțȝțȝ ȗȈȚȝȈȌȉȝȐȘ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȊȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ șȊȈȘȕȈ-ȒȈȒȠȈ-ȗȈȚȈȒȈȉȝȐȘ ȝȈȐȔȈȐȠ ȟȐȚȘȈ-ȌȝȊȈȌȎȈȐ ȘȈȚȝȈȐȝ șȈȌ-ȈȠȊȈȐ ȘțȒȔȈ-șȈȕȕȈȝȈȐȘ ȉȝȈȚȈȐȝ ȗțȘȈȚȈ-ȊȈȘȔȈȉȝȐȝ ȠȘȍȕȐȉȝȐȘ ȊȈȘȈ-ȔțȒȝȑȈȉȝȐȘ ȉȝȘȐȚȑȈȐȠ ȟȈȐȊȈ ȗȈȌȈȕțȋȈȐȝ ȗȈȘȈȔȍȠȚȝȑȈȕȑ țȗȈȌȈȑȈ 196


197 ȗȈȕȑȈȕȑ țȟȟȈȊȈȟȈȕȐ ȟȈ ȗȈȌȈȑȖȘ ȕȑȈȗȈȚȈȚ ȗȘȍȔȕȈ ȗȘȈȒȓȐȕȕȈ-ȝȘȐȌȈȑȍȒȠȈȕȈȝ ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ; ȗȘȈȗȚȈȔ — ȗȘȖ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ; ȈȒȈȘȕȑȈ — țșȓȣȠȈȊ; ȗȈțȘȈ — ș ȋȖȘȖȎȈȕȈȔȐ; ȈȔȈȚȑȈ — ȞȈȘȍȌȊȖȘȞȈȔȐ; ȗțȘȖȝȐȚȈȐȝ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȎȘȍȞȈȔȐ; ȗȈȌțȒȍ — ȌȍȘȍȊȧȕȕȣȍ șȈȕȌȈȓȐȐ; ȠȐȘȈșȐ — ȕȈ ȋȖȓȖȊȍ; ȕȑȈșȑȈ — ȗȘȐȕȍșȧ; ȘȈȔȈȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț; ȗȘȈȚȑțȌȑȈȚȈȝ — ȊȣȠȍȌȠȐȑ ȊȗȍȘȍȌ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȚȤ; ȈȋȘȈȌȎȈȔ — șȚȈȘȠȍȋȖ ȉȘȈȚȈ; ȕȈȕȌȐȋȘȈȔȈȚ — Ȑȏ ǵȈȕȌȐȋȘȈȔȣ, ȔȍșȚȈ, ȋȌȍ Ƕȕ ȎȐȓ; șȊȈ-ȠȐȉȐȘȈȚ — Ȑȏ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȓȈȋȍȘȧ; ȋȐȚȈ-ȊȈȌȐȚȘȈ — ȗȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȐȋȘȣ ȕȈ ȔțȏȣȒȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȐȕșȚȘțȔȍȕȚȈȝ ȕȈȗȖȌȖȉȐȍ ȉȈȘȈȉȈȕȖȊ; ȕȐȝșȊȈȕȈȐȝ — șȖ ȏȊțȒȈȔȐ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȋȝȖȠȍȕȈ — șȖ ȏȊțȒȈȔȐ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; Ȕțȝțȝ — ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ; ȗȈȚȝȈȌȉȝȐȝ — ȟȐȚȈȦȡȐȔȐ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ — ȓțȟȠȐȔȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ; șȊȈȘȕȈȒȈȒȠȈ-ȗȈȚȈȒȈȉȝȐȝ — ș ȜȓȈȋȈȔȐ, țȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȏȖȓȖȚȖȑ ȊȣȠȐȊȒȖȑ; ȝȈȐȔȈȐȝ — ȏȖȓȖȚȣȔȐ; ȟȐȚȘȈ-ȌȝȊȈȌȎȈȐȝ — ș ȐȏțȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ șȚȧȋȈȔȐ; ȘȈȚȝȈȐȝ — ș ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȈȔȐ; șȈȚ-ȈȠȊȈȐȝ — ș ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȔȐ ȒȖȕȧȔȐ; ȘțȒȔȈ — ș ȏȖȓȖȚȖȑ; șȈȕȕȈȝȈȐȝ — țȗȘȧȎȤȦ; ȉȝȈȚȈȐȝ — ș ȊȖȐȕȈȔȐ; ȗțȘȈȚȈ-ȊȈȘȔȈȉȝȐȝ — ȖȌȍȚȣȔȐ Ȋ ȏȖȓȖȚȣȍ ȌȖșȗȍȝȐ; ȠȘȍȕȐȉȝȐȝ — ȗȘȖȞȍșșȐȍȑ; ȊȈȘȈ-ȔțȒȝȑȈȉȝȐȝ — șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȖȑ ȒȘȈșȐȊȣȔȐ, ȉȖȋȈȚȖ ȖȌȍȚȣȔȐ ȒțȘȚȐȏȈȕȒȈȔȐ; ȉȝȘȐȚȑȈȐȝ — șȓțȋȈȔȐ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȥȊȈ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȗȈȌȈ-ȈȕțȋȈȐȝ — ș ȗȍȠȐȔ ȊȖȑșȒȖȔ; ȗȈȘȈȔȍȠȚȝȑȈȕȐ — ȗȘȖȟȐȍ ȈȚȘȐȉțȚȣ, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȣȍ Ȍȓȧ ȊșȚȘȍȟȐ ȊȓȈșȚȐȚȍȓȧ; țȗȈȌȈȑȈ — ȊȏȧȊ; ȗȈȕȑȈȕȐ — ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȣȍ ȒȈȔȕȐ Ȑ ȚȖȔț ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȍ; țȟȟȈ-ȈȊȈȟȈȕȐ — ȉȖȓȍȍ Ȑ Ȕȍȕȍȍ Ȟȍȕȕȣȍ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȗȈȌȈȑȖȝ — ț ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȕȑȈȗȈȚȈȚ — ȗȈȓȐ; ȗȘȍȔȕȈ — Ȋ ȥȒșȚȈȏȍ ȓȦȉȊȐ; ȗȘȈȒȓȐȕȕȈ — țȊȓȈȎȕȍȕȣ; ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈ — șȍȘȌȞȈ; ȐȒȠȈȕȈȝ — ȋȓȈȏȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ țșȓȣȠȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȦ, Ȗȕ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȊȖȏȓȖȎȐȓ ȕȈ ȋȖȓȖȊț ȌȍȘȍȊȧȕȕȣȍ șȈȕȌȈȓȐȐ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ Ȑ ȊȣȠȍȓ ȕȈȊșȚȘȍȟț ǭȔț Ȑȏ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȖȉȐȚȈȓȐȡȈ Ȋ ǵȈȕȌȐȋȘȈȔȍ. ǩȝȈȘȈȚț ȖȒȘțȎȈȓȈ șȊȐȚȈ Ȑȏ ȔȐȕȐșȚȘȖȊ, ȎȘȍȞȖȊ Ȑ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȕȣȝ ȎȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȐșȒțșȕȣȝ ȔțȏȣȒȈȕȚȖȊ, ȐȋȘȈȊȠȐȝ șȓȈȌȒȖȏȊțȟȕțȦ ȔțȏȣȒț, Ȑ țȟȍȕȣȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȋȘȖȔȒȖ ȗȍȊȠȐȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȋȐȔȕȣ. ǶȕȐ ȍȝȈȓȐ ȕȈ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȈȝ, ȏȈȗȘȧȎȍȕȕȣȝ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȓȍȗȕȣȔȐ ȓȖȠȈȌȤȔȐ Ȋ ȏȖȓȖȚȖȑ țȗȘȧȎȐ. DzȖȓȍșȕȐȞȣ ȉȣȓȐ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȣ ȘȈșȠȐȚȣȔȐ ȏȖȓȖȚȖȔ ȜȓȈȋȈȔȐ ȘȈȏȕȖȋȖ ȊȐȌȈ Ȑ ȘȈȏȔȍȘȖȊ. ǹȓȍȌȖȔ ȠȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ ȊȖȐȕȣ Ȋ ȏȖȓȖȚȣȝ ȌȖșȗȍȝȈȝ, șȓțȋȐ, ȕȍșȠȐȍ ȖȘȍȝȐ ȉȍȚȍȓȧ, Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȒȘȈșȈȊȐȞȣ-ȒțȘȚȐȏȈȕȒȐ. ǹȓțȋȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȠȓȐ ȗȍȠȒȖȔ, ȕȍșȓȐ ȏȖȕȚȐȒȐ, ȖȗȈȝȈȓȈ, ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȣȍ ȒȈȔȕȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȍ ȈȚȘȐȉțȚȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȖ ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȚȤ ȞȈȘȧ. ǶȒȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ ȥȚȖȑ șȊȐȚȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ, ș șȍȘȌȞȍȔ, ȘȈșȚȈȧȊȠȐȔ ȖȚ ȘȈȌȖșȚȐ, Ȑ ș ȋȓȈȏȈȔȐ, ȗȖȓȕȣȔȐ șȓȍȏ, ȗȖȌȖȠȍȓ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȍ Ȑ Ȋ ȊȖșȚȖȘȋȍ ȓȦȉȊȐ ȗȘȐȗȈȓ Ȓ ǭȋȖ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 39 - 40 ȗȈȌțȒȍ ȕȑȈșȑȈ ȗțȘȈȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȕȌȎȈȓȐȘ ȉȈȠȗȈ-ȓȖȟȈȕȈȝ ȚȈȔ ȈȠȓȐȠȑȈ ȟȐȘȈȔ ȌȖȘȉȝȑȈȔ șȕȈȗȈȑȈȕ ȕȍȚȘȈȌȎȈȐȘ ȌȎȈȓȈȐȝ ȘȈȔȖ ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ-șȐȚȈȉȝȑȈȔ ȊȐȗȘȍȉȝȑȖ ȑȍ 'ȘȝȈ-șȈȚȚȈȔȈȝ ȚȍȉȝȑȈȝ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȕȈȔȈȠȟȈȒȘȍ ȗȘȈȌȎȈȉȝȐȠ ȟȈ ȕȈȔȈșȒȘȐȚȈȝ 197


198 ȗȈȌțȒȍ — ȌȍȘȍȊȧȕȕȣȍ șȈȕȌȈȓȐȐ; ȕȑȈșȑȈ — ȗȖșȚȈȊȐȊ; ȗțȘȈȚȈȝ — ȗȍȘȍȌ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ); ȗȘȈȕȌȎȈȓȐȝ — șȓȖȎȐȊȠȐȑ Ȋ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ ȘțȒȐ; ȉȈȠȗȈ-ȓȖȟȈȕȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȕȈ ȋȓȈȏȈȝ șȓȍȏȣ; ȚȈȔ — ǭȋȖ (ǩȝȈȘȈȚț); ȈȠȓȐȠȑȈ — ȖȉȕȧȊ; ȟȐȘȈȔ — ȌȖȓȋȖ; ȌȖȘȉȝȑȈȔ — (ǹȊȖȐȔȐ) ȘțȒȈȔȐ; șȕȈȗȈȑȈȕ — ȖȔȣȓ; ȕȍȚȘȈ-ȌȎȈȐȝ — ȚȍȒțȡȐȔȐ Ȑȏ ȋȓȈȏ; ȌȎȈȓȈȐȝ — ȊȖȌȈȔȐ; ȘȈȔȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ; ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ-șȐȚȈȉȝȑȈȔ — ș dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȖȑ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȤȦ ǹȐȚȖȑ; ȊȐȗȘȍȉȝȑȈȝ — țȟȍȕȣȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ; ȑȍ — ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ; ȈȘȝȈ-șȈȚȚȈȔȈȝ — ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȍ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ; ȚȍȉȝȑȈȝ — ȚȍȔ; șȊȈȑȈȔ — ǹȈȔ; ȕȈȔȈȝȟȈȒȘȍ — ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȓșȧ; ȗȘȈȌȎȈȉȝȐȝ — ȋȖȘȖȎȈȕȈȔȐ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȕȈȔȈȝȒȘȐȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȉȣȓȐ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȕȣ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȣ. ǷȖșȚȈȊȐȊ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ ǭȋȖ ȌȍȘȍȊȧȕȕȣȍ șȈȕȌȈȓȐȐ, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ ȊșȚȈȓ șȖ șȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȘțȒȈȔȐ. ǫȓȈȏȈ ǭȋȖ ȉȣȓȐ ȗȖȓȕȣ șȓȍȏ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ Ȗȉȕȧȓ ǩȝȈȘȈȚț ȖȉȍȐȔȐ ȘțȒȈȔȐ Ȑ ȌȖȓȋȖ ȕȍ ȖȚȗțșȒȈȓ ȍȋȖ, ȖȘȖȠȈȧ ȉȘȈȚȈ șȓȍȏȈȔȐ. ǷȖȚȖȔ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ǹȐȚȖȑ Ȑ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȓ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ țȟȍȕȣȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ Ȑ șȚȈȘȠȐȔ ȟȓȍȕȈȔ șȍȔȤȐ, Ȉ ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȐ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȓȐ șȊȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 41 ȌȝțȕȊȈȕȚȈ țȚȚȈȘȈșȈȕȋȈȕ ȗȈȚȐȔ ȊȐȒȠȑȈ ȟȐȘȈȋȈȚȈȔ țȚȚȈȘȈȝ ȒȖșȈȓȈ ȔȈȓȑȈȐȝ ȒȐȘȈȕȚȖ ȕȈȕȘȐȚțȘ ȔțȌȈ ȌȝțȕȊȈȕȚȈȝ — ȘȈȏȔȈȝȐȊȈȦȡȐȍ; țȚȚȈȘȈ-ȈșȈȕȋȈȕ — ȊȍȘȝȕȐȔȐ ȖȌȍȧȕȐȧȔȐ; ȗȈȚȐȔ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȊȐȒȠȑȈ — țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȟȐȘȈ-ȈȋȈȚȈȔ — ȊȍȘȕțȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȗȖșȓȍ ȌȖȓȋȖȋȖ ȐȏȋȕȈȕȐȧ; țȚȚȈȘȈȝ ȒȖșȈȓȈȝ — ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȐ; ȔȈȓȑȈȐȝ ȒȐȘȈȕȚȈȝ — ȗȖȌȕȖșȧȡȐȍ (ǭȔț) ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌȣ; ȕȈȕȘȐȚțȝ — șȚȈȓȐ ȚȈȕȞȍȊȈȚȤ; ȔțȌȈ — ș ȓȐȒȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ. ǮȐȚȍȓȐ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȐ, ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȧ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ ȗȖșȓȍ ȌȖȓȋȖȑ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ ș ǵȐȔ, ȗȖȌȕȖșȐȓȐ ǭȔț ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌȣ Ȑȏ ȞȊȍȚȖȊ, ȘȈȏȔȈȝȐȊȈȓȐ ȊȍȘȝȕȍȑ ȖȌȍȎȌȖȑ Ȑ ȚȈȕȞȍȊȈȓȐ, ȖȝȊȈȟȍȕȕȣȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 42 - 43 ȗȈȌțȒȍ ȉȝȈȘȈȚȖ 'ȋȘȐȝȕȈȟ ȟȈȔȈȘȈ-ȊȑȈȌȎȈȕȖȚȚȈȔȍ ȊȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈȝ șȈșțȋȘȐȊȈȝ ȠȊȍȚȈ-ȟȟȝȈȚȘȈȔ ȔȈȘțȚ-șțȚȈȝ ȌȝȈȕțȘ-ȕȐȠȈȕȋȈȕ ȟȝȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈȝ șȐȚȈ ȚȐȘȚȝȈ-ȒȈȔȈȕȌȈȓțȔ ȈȉȐȉȝȘȈȌ ȈȕȋȈȌȈȝ ȒȝȈȌȋȈȔ ȝȈȐȔȈȔ ȟȈȘȔȈȘȒȠȈ-ȘȈȕ ȕȘȐȗȈ ȗȈȌțȒȍ — ȌȍȘȍȊȧȕȕȣȍ șȈȕȌȈȓȐȐ; ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈȝ — ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ; ȈȋȘȐȝȕȈȚ — ȗȘȐȕȍș; ȟȈȔȈȘȈ — ȖȗȈȝȈȓȖ; ȊȑȈȌȎȈȕȈ — ȊȍȍȘ; țȚȚȈȔȍ — ȘȖșȒȖȠȕȣȍ; ȊȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈȝ — ȉȘȈȚ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ; șȈ-șțȋȘȐȊȈȝ — șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ ǹțȋȘȐȊȖȑ; ȠȊȍȚȈ-ȟȝȈȚȘȈȔ — ȉȍȓȣȑ ȏȖȕȚ; ȔȈȘțȚșțȚȈȝ — șȣȕ ȉȖȋȈ ȊȍȚȘȈ (ǽȈȕțȔȈȕ); ȌȝȈȕțȝ — ȓțȒ; ȕȐȠȈȕȋȈȕ — ȌȊȈ ȒȖȓȟȈȕȈ; 198


199 ȠȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈȝ — ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȉȘȈȚȤȍȊ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ; șȐȚȈ — ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚȈ; ȚȐȘȚȝȈȒȈȔȈȕȌȈȓțȔ — ȒțȊȠȐȕ ș ȊȖȌȖȑ Ȑȏ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȔȍșȚ; ȈȉȐȉȝȘȈȚ — ȗȘȐȕȍșȓȈ; ȈȕȋȈȌȈȝ — ǨȕȋȈȌȈ, ȊȖȍȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȐȒ ȖȉȍȏȤȧȕ; ȒȝȈȌȋȈȔ — Ȕȍȟ; ȝȈȐȔȈȔ — ȏȖȓȖȚȖȑ; ȟȈȘȔȈ — ȡȐȚ; ȘȐȒȠȈ-ȘȈȚ — ȞȈȘȤ ȘȐȒȠȍȑ (ǬȎȈȔȉȈȊȈȕ); ȕȘȐȗȈ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ ȕȍș ȌȍȘȍȊȧȕȕȣȍ șȈȕȌȈȓȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, ǹțȋȘȐȊȈ Ȑ ǪȐȉȝȐȠȈȕȈ ȕȍșȓȐ ȖȗȈȝȈȓȖ Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȓȍȗȕȣȑ ȊȍȍȘ, ǽȈȕțȔȈȕ ȌȍȘȎȈȓ ȕȈȌ ǵȐȔ ȉȍȓȣȑ ȏȖȕȚ, ȀȈȚȘțȋȝȕȈ — ȓțȒ Ȑ ȌȊȈ ȒȖȓȟȈȕȈ șȖ șȚȘȍȓȈȔȐ, Ȉ ǹȐȚȈȌȍȊȐ — șȖșțȌ, ȕȈȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȑ ȊȖȌȖȑ Ȑȏ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȝ ȘȍȒ. ǨȕȋȈȌȈ ȕȍș Ȕȍȟ, Ȉ ǬȎȈȔȉȈȊȈȕ, ȞȈȘȤ ȘȐȒȠȍȑ, — ȏȖȓȖȚȖȑ ȡȐȚ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 44 ȗțȠȗȈȒȈ-șȚȝȖ ȕțȚȈȝ șȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ șȚțȑȈȔȈȕȈȠ ȟȈ ȊȈȕȌȐȉȝȐȝ ȊȐȘȍȌȎȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȋȘȈȝȈȐȠ ȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȐȊȖȌȐȚȈȝ ȗțȠȗȈȒȈ-șȚȝȈȝ — ȊȖșșȍȌȈȦȡȐȑ Ȋ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȖȔ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȍ, șȌȍȓȈȕȕȖȔ Ȑȏ ȞȊȍȚȖȊ; ȕțȚȈȝ — ȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȔȣȑ; șȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ — ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ; șȚțȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ — ȗȘȍȊȖȏȕȖșȐȔȣȑ Ȋ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȈȝ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȊȈȕȌȐȉȝȐȝ — ȟȚȍȞȈȔȐ; ȊȐȘȍȌȎȍ — ȊȖșșȐȧȓ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕ — Ȗ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȋȘȈȝȈȐȝ — ș ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȔȐ; ȟȈȕȌȘȈȝ — ȓțȕȈ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; țȌȐȚȈȝ — ȊȖȏȕȍșȍȕȕȣȑ. Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȖșșȍȌȈȓ ȕȈ ȊȖȏȌțȠȕȖȔ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȍ, șȌȍȓȈȕȕȖȔ Ȑȏ ȞȊȍȚȖȊ, Ƕȕ, Ȋ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, ȊȖȏȕȖșȐȊȠȐȝ ǭȔț ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ, Ȑ ȟȚȍȞȖȊ, ȟȚȖ ȊȖȏȌȈȊȈȓȐ ȝȊȈȓț ǭȋȖ ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȧȔ, ȉȣȓ ȗȖȝȖȎ ȕȈ ȗȖȓȕțȦ ȓțȕț Ȋ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȐ ȏȊȍȏȌ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 45 - 46 ȉȝȘȈȚȘȈȉȝȐȕȈȕȌȐȚȈȝ șȖ 'ȚȝȈ șȖȚșȈȊȈȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȠȈȚ ȗțȘȐȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȠȑȈ ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȔ ȋțȘț-ȗȈȚȕȐȝ șȊȈ-ȔȈȚȈȘȈȔ ȋțȘțȕ ȊȈȑȈșȑȈȊȈȘȈȌȎȈȕ ȗțȌȎȐȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȗțȌȎȈȑȈȚ ȊȈȐȌȍȝȐ ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈȠ ȟȈȐȊȈ ȑȈȚȝȈȊȈȚ șȈȔțȗȍȑȈȚțȝ ȉȝȘȈȚȘȈ — ȉȘȈȚȖȔ; ȈȉȝȐȕȈȕȌȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȐȋȓȈȠȍȕȕȣȑ; șȈȝ — Ƕȕ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ); ȈȚȝȈ — ȚȖȋȌȈ; șȈ-țȚșȈȊȈȔ — Ȋ ȗȘȈȏȌȕȐȟȕȣȑ (ȋȖȘȖȌ); ȗȘȈȊȐȠȈȚ — ȊșȚțȗȐȓ; ȗțȘȐȔ — Ȋ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȦ; ȗȘȈȊȐȠȑȈ — ȊȖȑȌȧ; ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȔ — Ȋ ȞȈȘșȒȐȑ ȌȊȖȘȍȞ; ȋțȘț-ȗȈȚȕȐȝ — ǹȊȖȐȝ șȊȖȌȕȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȍȑ (DzȈȑȒȍȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ); șȊȈȔȈȚȈȘȈȔ — șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȔȈȚȤ (DzȈțȠȈȓȤȦ); ȋțȘțȕ — ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȑ (ȀȘȐ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝț Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ); ȊȈȑȈșȑȈ — ȌȘțȏȍȑ; ȈȊȈȘȈ-ȌȎȈȕ — ȔȓȈȌȠȐȝ; ȗțȌȎȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȔȣȑ; ȗȘȈȚȑȈȗțȌȎȈȑȈȚ — ȗȖȟȚȐȓ Ȋ ȖȚȊȍȚ; ȊȈȐȌȍȝȐ — ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚȈ; ȓȈȒȠȔȈȕȈȝ — dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ; ȟȈ ȥȊȈ — Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȑȈȚȝȈ-ȊȈȚ — ȒȈȒ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȖ; șȈȔțȗȍȑȈȚțȝ — ȊȖȠȓȐ (ȊȖ ȌȊȖȘȍȞ). 199


200 ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊțȍȔȣȑ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȉȘȈȚȖȔ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȖȑ, ȊșȚțȗȐȓ Ȋ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȦ, ȗȘȈȏȌȕȖȊȈȊȠțȦ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȍ. ǪȖȑȌȧ ȊȖ ȌȊȖȘȍȞ, Ƕȕ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȓșȧ ȊșȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȧȔ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ DzȈȑȒȍȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ Ȏȍȕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǬȈȠȈȘȈȚȝȐ, Ȑ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȓ ȖșȖȉȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȘȖȌȕȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ, DzȈțȠȈȓȤȍ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȓșȧ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȕȈșȚȈȊȕȐȒȈȔ ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ ș ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȖȑ. ǬȘțȏȤȧ-ȘȖȊȍșȕȐȒȐ Ȑ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȉȣȓ ȔȓȈȌȠȍ, șȒȓȖȕȐȓȐșȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ, Ȑ Ƕȕ, Ȋ ǹȊȖȑ ȟȍȘȍȌ, ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ ȐȔ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȖȔ. ǺȖ Ȏȍ șȈȔȖȍ șȌȍȓȈȓȐ dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ǹȐȚȈ. ǺȈȒ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȊșȚțȗȐȓȐ ȊȖ ȌȊȖȘȍȞ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 47 ȗțȚȘȈȕ șȊȈ-ȔȈȚȈȘȈș ȚȈș Țț ȗȘȈȕȈȔș ȚȈȕȊȈ ȐȊȖȚȚȝȐȚȈȝ ȈȘȖȗȑȈȕȒȍ 'ȉȝȐȠȐȕȟȈȕȚȑȖ ȉȈȠȗȈțȋȝȈȐȘ ȊȐȌȎȈȝțȝ ȠțȟȈȝ ȗțȚȘȈȕ — șȣȕȖȊȍȑ; șȊȈ-ȔȈȚȈȘȈȝ — Ȑȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ; ȚȈȝ — ȖȕȐ (DzȈțȠȈȓȤȧ, DzȈȑȒȍȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ); Țț — Ȏȍ; ȗȘȈȕȈȕ — ȎȐȏȕȤ; ȚȈȕȊȈȝ — ȚȍȓȈ; ȐȊȈ — ȒȈȒ; țȚȚȝȐȚȈȝ — ȊȖșșȚȈȊȠȐȍ; ȈȘȖȗȑȈ — ȗȖșȈȌȐȊ; ȈȕȒȍ — ȕȈ ȒȖȓȍȕȐ; ȈȉȝȐȠȐȕȟȈȕȚȑȈȝ — ȖȘȖȠȈȦȡȐȍ (ȚȍȓȈ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ); ȉȈȠȗȈ — șȓȍȏȈȔȐ; ȖȋȝȈȐȝ — ȚȍȒțȡȐȔȐ; ȊȐȌȎȈȝțȝ — ȖșȚȈȊȐȓȐ; ȠțȟȈȝ — șȒȖȘȉȤ (Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ ș șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ). ǻȊȐȌȍȊ șȊȖȐȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ǸȈȔȣ, dzȈȒȠȔȈȕȣ, ǩȝȈȘȈȚȣ Ȑ ȀȈȚȘțȋȝȕȣ șȘȈȏț ȗȖȌȕȧȓȐșȤ ȐȔ ȕȈȊșȚȘȍȟț, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȌȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȗȘȖȉțȌȐȊȠȐȑșȧ ȖȚ ȖȉȔȖȘȖȒȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ. ǰșȚȖȔȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌȖȓȋȖȑ ȘȈȏȓțȒȖȑ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐ țșȈȌȐȓȐ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ șȍȉȍ ȕȈ ȒȖȓȍȕȐ Ȑ ȖȔȣȓȐ ǰȝ șȓȍȏȈȔȐ ȘȈȌȖșȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 48 ȌȎȈȚȈ ȕȐȘȔțȟȑȈ ȊȐȌȝȐȊȈȚ ȒțȓȈ-ȊȘȐȌȌȝȈȐȝ șȈȔȈȔ ȋțȘțȝ ȈȉȝȑȈȠȐȕȟȈȌ ȑȈȚȝȈȐȊȍȕȌȘȈȔ ȟȈȚțȝ-șȐȕȌȝț-ȌȎȈȓȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ ȌȎȈȚȈȝ — șȗțȚȈȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȓȖșȣ ȕȈ ȋȖȓȖȊȍ; ȕȐȘȔțȟȑȈ — ȖȉȘȐȊ; ȊȐȌȝȐ-ȊȈȚ — Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔȐ; ȒțȓȈ-ȊȘȐȌȌȝȈȐȝ — șȖ șȚȈȘȠȐȔȐ ȟȓȍȕȈȔȐ șȍȔȤȐ; șȈȔȈȔ — ȊȔȍșȚȍ; ȋțȘțȝ — ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ (șȍȔȍȑȕȣȑ ȎȘȍȞ ȐȓȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ); ȈȉȝȑȈȠȐȕȟȈȚ — ȖȔȣȓ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȖȉȘȧȌ ȈȉȝȐȠȍȒȐ ȕȈȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȖȑ; ȑȈȚȝȈ — ȒȈȒ; ȥȊȈ — ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ; ȐȕȌȘȈȔ — ȞȈȘȧ ǰȕȌȘț; ȟȈȚțȝ-șȐȕȌȝț-ȌȎȈȓȈ — ȊȖȌȈȔȐ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȖȒȍȈȕȖȊ; ȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ — șȖ ȊșȍȔ ȗȘȖȟȐȔ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔ Ȍȓȧ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȘȧȌȈ. ǹȍȔȍȑȕȣȑ ȎȘȍȞ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ǪȈșȐȠȚȝȈ ȟȐșȚȖ ȊȣȉȘȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț, ȐȏȉȈȊȐȊ ǭȋȖ ȖȚ șȗțȚȈȊȠȐȝșȧ ȊȖȓȖș. ǷȖȚȖȔ ȊȔȍșȚȍ șȖ șȚȈȘȠȐȔȐ ȟȓȍȕȈȔȐ șȍȔȤȐ Ȗȕ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȦ ȈȉȝȐȠȍȒȐ, ȖȔȣȊ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț ȊȖȌȖȑ Ȑȏ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȔȖȘȍȑ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȎȐȌȒȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȒȈȒ ȕȍȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȔȣȊȈȓȐ ȞȈȘȧ ǰȕȌȘț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 49 200


201 ȥȊȈȔ ȒȘȐȚȈ-ȠȐȘȈȝ-șȕȈȕȈȝ șțȊȈșȈȝ șȘȈȋȊȑ-ȈȓȈȕȒȘȐȚȈȝ șȊȈȓȈȕȒȘȐȚȈȐȝ șțȊȈșȖȉȝȐȘ ȉȝȘȈȚȘȐȉȝȐȘ ȉȝȈȘȑȈȑȈ ȉȈȉȝȈț ȥȊȈȔ — ȚȈȒ; ȒȘȐȚȈ-ȠȐȘȈȝ-șȕȈȕȈȝ — ȐșȒțȗȈȊȠȐȑșȧ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ, ș ȊȣȔȣȚȖȑ ȋȖȓȖȊȖȑ; șț-ȊȈșȈȝ — ȒȘȈșȐȊȖ ȖȌȍȚȣȑ; șȘȈȋȊȐ-ȈȓȈȕȒȘȐȚȈȝ — țȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌȖȑ; șțȈȓȈȕȒȘȐȚȈȐȝ — ș ȘȖșȒȖȠȕȖ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ; șț-ȊȈșȖȉȝȐȝ — ș ȒȘȈșȐȊȖ ȖȌȍȚȣȔȐ; ȉȝȘȈȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ — ȉȘȈȚȤȧȔȐ; ȉȝȈȘȑȈȑȈ — șȖ (ǹȊȖȍȑ) șțȗȘțȋȖȑ; ȉȈȉȝȈț — ȟțȌȍșȕȖ ȊȖșșȐȧȓ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ȖȔȣȚȣȑ, ș ȟȐșȚȖ ȊȣȉȘȐȚȖȑ ȋȖȓȖȊȖȑ, ȕȈȘȧȌȕȖ ȖȌȍȓșȧ, ǭȋȖ țȒȘȈșȐȓȐ ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌȖȑ Ȑ ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȖșȚȧȔȐ. ǺȈȒ Ƕȕ ȏȈșȐȧȓ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ǹȊȖȍȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȓȍȗȐȐ, ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ ȉȘȈȚȤȧȔȐ Ȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȚȖȎȍ ȉȣȓȐ ȕȈȘȧȌȕȣȍ ȖȌȍȎȌȣ Ȑ ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 50 ȈȋȘȈȝȐȌ ȈșȈȕȈȔ ȉȝȘȈȚȘȈ ȗȘȈȕȐȗȈȚȑȈ ȗȘȈșȈȌȐȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȌȎȈȝ șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȕȐȘȈȚȈ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȋțȕȈȕȊȐȚȈȝ ȌȎțȋȖȗȈ ȗȐȚȘȐȊȈȌ ȘȈȔȖ ȔȍȕȐȘȍ ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ ȟȈ ȚȈȔ ȈȋȘȈȝȐȚ — ȏȈȕȧȓ; ȈșȈȕȈȔ — ȚȘȖȕ; ȉȝȘȈȚȘȈ — ȉȘȈȚȖȔ (ǩȝȈȘȈȚȖȑ); ȗȘȈȕȐȗȈȚȑȈ — ȗȘȍȌȈȊȠȐșȤ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ; ȗȘȈșȈȌȐȚȈȝ — ȗȖȘȈȌȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ; ȗȘȈȌȎȈȝ — ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȝ; șȊȈȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȕȐȘȈȚȈȝ — ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȏȈȕȧȚȣȝ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍȔ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȝ ȐȔ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ; ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ — Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ șȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȊȈȘȕȖȑ Ȑ ȈȠȘȈȔȖȔ; ȋțȕȈ-ȈȕȊȐȚȈȝ — ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔȐ (Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ) ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ; ȌȎțȋȖȗȈ — ȏȈȡȐȡȈȓ; ȗȐȚȘȐȊȈȚ — ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ (ǭȋȖ) ȖȚȞț; ȘȈȔȈȝ — ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ; ȔȍȕȐȘȍ — șȟȐȚȈȓȐ; ȗȐȚȈȘȈȔ — ȖȚȞȖȔ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȚȈȔ — ǭȋȖ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘț). ǬȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȑ ȉȍȏȘȈȏȌȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȍȘȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȗȖȒȖȘȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȣ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȊȏȖȠȍȓ ȕȈ ȚȘȖȕ Ȑ șȚȈȓ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȔ. Ƕȕ ȗȖ-ȖȚȍȟȍșȒȐ ȏȈȉȖȚȐȓșȧ Ȗ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȝ, Ȉ ȖȕȐ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȍ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍȔ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ Ȑȝ ȊȈȘȕȍ Ȑ ȈȠȘȈȔț, ȖȚȕȖșȐȓȐșȤ Ȓ ǵȍȔț ȒȈȒ Ȓ șȊȖȍȔț ȖȚȞț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: dzȦȌȧȔ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȕȘȈȊȐȚșȧ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ǸȈȔȈ (ȘȈȔȈ-ȘȈȌȎȤȧ) . ǬȈȎȍ șȍȋȖȌȕȧ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȐ, șȖȏȌȈȊȈȧ ȒȈȒțȦ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ ȗȈȘȚȐȦ, ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȌȈȦȚ ȍȑ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍ «ǸȈȔȈ-ȘȈȌȎȤȧ». ǩȍȌȈ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǸȈȔȍ. ǫȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ ȔȍȟȚȈȦȚ Ȗ «ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ ǩȖȎȤȍȔ ȉȍȏ ǩȖȋȈ». ǵȖ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȔȍȟȚȈȔ ȕȍ șțȎȌȍȕȖ șȉȣȚȤșȧ. ǽȖȘȖȠȍȍ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȓȐȠȤ Ȋ ȚȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ, ȍșȓȐ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȋȘȈȎȌȈȕȈȔȐ Ȑ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖȔ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȉȣȓȐ ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, țȗȘȈȊȓȧȧ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȔ, ȏȈȉȖȚȐȓșȧ Ȗ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȚȈȒ, ȒȈȒ ȖȚȍȞ ȏȈȉȖȚȐȚșȧ Ȗ ȌȍȚȧȝ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ, ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȍ ȏȈ ǭȋȖ ȏȈȉȖȚț, ȖȚȕȖșȐȓȐșȤ Ȓ ǵȍȔț ȒȈȒ Ȓ șȊȖȍȔț ȖȚȞț. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ Ȑ ȋȘȈȎȌȈȕȈȔȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȉȣȚȤ ȚȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ Ȏȍ, ȒȈȒȐȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȔȍȎȌț ȖȚȞȖȔ Ȑ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ. DzȖȋȌȈ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȊȖșȗȐȚȈȕȣ, ȖȕȐ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ șȓțȠȈȦȚșȧ 201


202 ȖȚȞȈ Ȑ ȔȈȚȤ, Ȉ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȑ ȖȚȍȞ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȉȖȚȐȚșȧ Ȗ ȌȍȚȧȝ. ǹȓȖȊȈ șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ- ȕȐȘȈȚȈ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȋțȕȈȕ-ȊȐȚȈȝ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ ǸȈȔȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȖȉȘȈȏȞȖȊȣȔȐ ȋȘȈȎȌȈȕȈȔȐ, ȐȉȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ ȊȈȘȕ Ȑ ȈȠȘȈȔȖȊ, șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȌȍȓȐȚșȧ ȕȈ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ, ȊȈȑȠȤȍȊ Ȑ ȠțȌȘ, Ȉ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ — ȕȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȗȍȘȐȖȌȈ: ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȤȦ, ȋȘȐȝȈșȚȝț, ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝț Ȑ șȈȕȕȤȧșț . ǺȈȒ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȘȋȈȕȐȏȖȊȈȕȖ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ. dzȦȌȍȑ ȕțȎȕȖ țȟȐȚȤ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș Ȑȝ șȚȈȚțșȖȔ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ . DzȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (4.13), ȟȈȚțȘ-ȊȈȘȕȑȈȔ ȔȈȑȈ șȘȐȠȚȈȔ ȋțȕȈ-ȒȈȘȔȈ- ȊȐȉȝȈȋȈȠȈȝ: ȊȈȘȕȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȧȍȚșȧ ȍȋȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȖȔ ȍȋȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǫȓȈȊȕȖȍ țșȓȖȊȐȍ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȋȖ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ — ȥȚȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ . ǾȍȓȤ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ — ȌȈȚȤ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǪȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈȟȈȘȈȊȈȚȈ ȗțȘțȠȍȕȈ ȗȈȘȈȝ ȗțȔȈȕ ȊȐȠȕțȘ ȈȘȈȌȝȑȈȚȍ . Ǫșȧ șȐșȚȍȔȈ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȈ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȓȦȌȐ ȔȖȋȓȐ șȚȈȚȤ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈȔȐ. ǪȐȠȕțȘ ȈșȑȈ ȌȍȊȈȚȈ . ǭșȓȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț ȒȈȒ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȖȕȐ șȚȈȕȖȊȧȚșȧ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈȔȐ. ǹȐșȚȍȔȈ ȊȈȘȕ Ȑ ȈȠȘȈȔȖȊ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ȥȚȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ, Ȑ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ ȚȈȒ ȉȣȓȖ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȖȉțȟȈȓȐ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ. ǶȌȕȐȔȐ ȏȈȒȖȕȈȔȐ Ȑ ȗȖșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȏȈȒȖȕȖȗȖșȓțȠȕȣȔ. ǰȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȊȣȑȌȍȚ. Ǫ ȔȐȘȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊ, ȏȈȒȖȕȖȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ȗȈȘȓȈȔȍȕȚȖȊ, Ȉ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȖ-ȗȘȍȎȕȍȔț ȕȈȘțȠȈȦȚ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ Ȑ ȊȖȘțȦȚ. ǵȍȓȤȏȧ ȏȈșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȉȣȚȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȔȐ ȋȘȈȎȌȈȕȈȔȐ. ǰȝ ȕțȎȕȖ ȖȉțȟȈȚȤ ȥȚȖȔț. DzȈȒ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȠȒȖȓȣ Ȑ ȐȕșȚȐȚțȚȣ, ȋȌȍ ȓȦȌȍȑ țȟȈȚ ȕȈ ȐȕȎȍȕȍȘȖȊ-ȝȐȔȐȒȖȊ, ȦȘȐșȚȖȊ ȐȓȐ ȒȖȋȖ-ȚȖ ȍȡȍ, ȚȈȒ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȠȒȖȓȣ Ȑ ȐȕșȚȐȚțȚȣ, ȋȌȍ țȟȈȚ ȚȖȔț, ȒȈȒ ȉȣȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȔ, ȊȈȑȠȤȍȑ, ȠțȌȘȖȑ, ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȐ, ȋȘȐȝȈșȚȝȖȑ, ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝȖȑ Ȑ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ . ȅȚȖ șȖȏȌȈșȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȍ țșȓȖȊȐȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȓȦȌȐ ȔȖȋȓȐ șȚȈȚȤ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȔȐ ȋȘȈȎȌȈȕȈȔȐ (ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȋțȕȈȕȊȐȚȈȝ) . ǹȚȘȖȋȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȍșȓȐ ȞȈȘȤ ȐȓȐ ȗȘȍȏȐȌȍȕȚ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐ, ȚȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȕȐȔ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ȉțȌțȚ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȤȕȖ ȧșȕȣ, Ȑ Ȋ șȚȘȈȕȍ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȚȧȚșȧ ȘȈșȗȘȐ, ȐȉȖ ȊȖȘȖȊ Ȑ ȔȖȠȍȕȕȐȒȖȊ Ȋ ȕȍȑ ȉțȌȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȔȍȕȤȠȍ Ȑ ȔȍȕȤȠȍ. ǵȖ Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȋȈȦȚ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȖȑ, ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȑȏ ȊȖȘȖȊ Ȑ ȔȖȠȍȕȕȐȒȖȊ. ǷȘȐ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȡȍȑ ȌȍȔȖȒȘȈȚȐȐ ȖȌȕȐ ȊȖȘȣ ȖȉȐȘȈȦȚ ȌȘțȋȐȝ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ șȚȘȈȕȍ ȞȈȘȐȚ ȝȈȖș Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȕȣ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȉȘȈȏȞȖȔ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȈ. ǭșȓȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌțȦȚ ȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȐȔȍȘț, ȖȕȐ ȖȉȘȍȚțȚ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȝ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȐȘț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 51 ȚȘȍȚȈȑȈȔ ȊȈȘȚȈȔȈȕȈȑȈȔ ȒȈȓȈȝ ȒȘȐȚȈ-șȈȔȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȚ ȘȈȔȍ ȘȈȌȎȈȕȐ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȌȎȕȍ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈ-șțȒȝȈȊȈȝȍ ȚȘȍȚȈȑȈȔ — Ȓ ǺȘȍȚȈ-Ȧȋȍ; ȊȈȘȚȈȔȈȕȈȑȈȔ — ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȑșȧ; ȒȈȓȈȝ — ȗȍȘȐȖȌ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ; ȒȘȐȚȈ — ǹȈȚȤȧ-ȦȋȈ; șȈȔȈȝ — ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ — șȚȈȓ; ȘȈȔȍ — ȗȘȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȍ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕȐ — ȗȘȐ ȞȈȘȍ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȌȎȕȍ — ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȔ; șȈȘȊȈȉȝțȚȈ — ȊșȍȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ; șțȒȝȈ-ȈȊȈȝȍ — ȌȈȘțȦȡȍȔ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ. 202


203 ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ șȚȈȓ ȞȈȘȍȔ Ȋ ǺȘȍȚȈ-Ȧȋț, ȕȖ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ǭȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǺȘȍȚȈ-ȦȋȈ șȚȈȓȈ ȗȖȝȖȎȈ ȕȈ ǹȈȚȤȧ- Ȧȋț. DzȈȎȌȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ Ȋ ǭȋȖ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ ȉȣȓ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊ Ȑ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǰȏ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ Ȧȋ (ǹȈȚȤȐ, ǺȘȍȚȣ, ǬȊȈȗȈȘȣ Ȑ DzȈȓȐ) DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȈ ȕȈȐȝțȌȠȈȧ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȍșȓȐ Ȋ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȚȤ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔț, ȚȖ ȎȐȏȕȤ șȚȈȕȍȚ ȚȈȒȖȑ Ȏȍ, ȒȈȒ Ȋ ǹȈȚȤȧ-Ȧȋț. ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȐȓȐ ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, șȚȈȊȐȚ ȗȍȘȍȌ șȖȉȖȑ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ ȥȚț ȞȍȓȤ. ȒȈȓȍȘ ȌȖȠȈ-ȕȐȌȝȍ ȘȈȌȎȈȕȕ ȈșȚȐ ȝȑ ȥȒȖ ȔȈȝȈȕ ȋțȕȈȝ ȒȐȘȚȈȕȈȌ ȥȊȈ ȒȘȐȠȕȈșȑȈ ȔțȒȚȈ-șȈȕȋȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȊȘȈȌȎȍȚ «Ƕ ȞȈȘȤ, ȝȖȚȧ DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȈ ȗȖȓȕȈ ȐȏȢȧȕȖȊ, ț ȕȍȍ ȍșȚȤ ȖȌȕȖ ȗȘȍȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȖ: ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȧ ȔȈȝȈ-ȔȈȕȚȘț ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȒȖȊ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ» (ǩȝȈȋ., 12.3.51). ǭșȓȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȘȐșȖȍȌȐȕȧȚșȧ Ȓ ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȦ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ Ȑ ȉțȌțȚ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǽȈȘȍ ǸȈȔȈ, ȖȕȐ ȕȍȗȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȐȏȉȈȊȧȚșȧ ȖȚ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȧȦȡȍȋȖ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȐ ȉțȌțȚ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣ, ȒȈȒ ȓȦȌȐ ǹȈȚȤȧ-ȦȋȐ, ȏȖȓȖȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ. dzȦȉȖȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ țȟȈșȚȐȍ Ȋ ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȐ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ: Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕțȎȕȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ ȔȈȝȈ-ȔȈȕȚȘț ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ Ȑ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȘȍȋțȓȐȘțȦȡȐȔ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔ, ȕȍ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȧȧ șȍȉȧ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȣȔȐ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȈȔȐ. ǬȈȎȍ ȏȈȒȖȘȍȕȍȓȣȑ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ șȘȈȏț ȖȚȒȈȏȈȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȋȘȍȝȈ, ȕȈȟȈȊ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ ȔȈȝȈ-ȔȈȕȚȘț ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ș ȊȍȘȖȑ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȋȕȍȚ Ȋ ȎȐȏȕȐ țșȗȍȝȈ. ǷȈȘȈȔ ȊȐȌȎȈȑȈȚȍ ȠȘȐ-ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȈȔ . ǺȈȒȖȊȖ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ Ȋ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǫȈțȘȈșțȕȌȈȘȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 52 ȊȈȕȈȕȐ ȕȈȌȑȖ ȋȐȘȈȑȖ ȊȈȘȠȈȕȐ ȌȊȐȗȈ-șȐȕȌȝȈȊȈȝ șȈȘȊȍ ȒȈȔȈ-ȌțȋȝȈ ȈșȈȕ ȗȘȈȌȎȈȕȈȔ ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈȘȠȈȉȝȈ ȊȈȕȈȕȐ — ȓȍșȈ; ȕȈȌȑȈȝ — ȘȍȒȐ; ȋȐȘȈȑȈȝ — ȋȖȘȣ Ȑ ȝȖȓȔȣ; ȊȈȘȠȈȕȐ — ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȈ ȐȓȐ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ǯȍȔȓȐ; ȌȊȐȗȈ — ȖșȚȘȖȊȈ; șȐȕȌȝȈȊȈȝ — ȔȖȘȧ Ȑ ȖȒȍȈȕȣ; șȈȘȊȍ — Ȋșȍ; ȒȈȔȈ-ȌțȋȝȈȝ — ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊ; ȈșȈȕ — șȚȈȓȐ; ȗȘȈȌȎȈȕȈȔ — Ȍȓȧ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ-ȘȐȠȈȉȝȈ — Ȗ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȊ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȣ. Ƕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, Ȗ ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȊ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȣ, ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȓȍșȈ, ȘȍȒȐ, ȝȖȓȔȣ Ȑ ȋȖȘȣ, ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȈ, șȍȔȤ ȖșȚȘȖȊȖȊ Ȑ șȍȔȤ ȔȖȘȍȑ ȡȍȌȘȖ ȌȈȘȐȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȍȑ ǯȍȔȓȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 53 ȕȈȌȝȐ-ȊȑȈȌȝȐ-ȌȎȈȘȈ-ȋȓȈȕȐ ȌțȝȒȝȈ-ȠȖȒȈ-ȉȝȈȑȈ-ȒȓȈȔȈȝ ȔȘȐȚȑțȠ ȟȈȕȐȟȟȝȈȚȈȔ ȕȈșȐȌ 203


204 ȘȈȔȍ ȘȈȌȎȈȕȑ ȈȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȍ ȕȈ — ȕȐ; ȈȌȝȐ — șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ ȈȌȝȤȧȚȔȐȒȈ, ȈȌȝȐȉȝȈțȚȐȒȈ Ȑ ȈȌȝȐȌȈȑȊȐȒȈ (șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȔȣȍ ȚȍȓȖȔ Ȑ țȔȖȔ, ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ Ȑ șȐȓȈȔȐ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ); ȊȑȈȌȝȐ — ȉȖȓȍȏȕȐ; ȌȎȈȘȈ — șȚȈȘȖșȚȤ; ȋȓȈȕȐ — țȚȘȈȚȣ; ȌțȝȒȝȈ — ȋȖȘȍ; ȠȖȒȈ — șȒȖȘȉȤ; ȉȝȈȑȈ — șȚȘȈȝ; ȒȓȈȔȈȝ — țȚȖȔȓȍȕȐȍ; ȔȘȐȚȑțȝ — șȔȍȘȚȤ; ȟȈ — ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈȕȐȟȟȝȈȚȈȔ — Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ (ȥȚȖȋȖ); ȕȈ ȈșȐȚ — ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ; ȘȈȔȍ — ȗȘȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȍ; ȘȈȌȎȈȕȐ — ȗȘȐ ȞȈȘȍ; ȈȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȍ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȔȐȘȖȔ, ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȊȍȌȈȓ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȔȣȝ ȚȍȓȖȔ Ȑ țȔȖȔ, ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȉȖȓȍȓ, ȕȍ șȚȈȘȍȓ, ȕȍ ȏȕȈȓ țȚȘȈȚ, ȗȍȟȈȓȍȑ, ȉȍȌșȚȊȐȑ, șȚȘȈȝȈ Ȑ țșȚȈȓȖșȚȐ. ǰ ȌȈȎȍ șȔȍȘȚȤ ȕȍ ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȓȈ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȝȖȚȍȓ țȔȐȘȈȚȤ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫșȍ ȥȚȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔ ȓȐȠȤ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȔȐȘȖȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ țșȓȖȊȐȧ ȔȖȎȕȖ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ Ȑ șȍȑȟȈș, Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț, ȝțȌȠțȦ Ȑȏ Ȧȋ . ǫȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ: ȒȈȓȐ-ȒȈȓȍ ȕȈȔȈ-Șțȗȍ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈ — Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ (ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǽȈȘȍ ǸȈȔȈ). ǭșȓȐ Ȕȣ ȗȖȍȔ ȥȚȐ ȐȔȍȕȈ ȉȍȏ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȑ, ǸȈȔȈ Ȑ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȚ ș ȕȈȔȐ, ȌȈȎȍ Ȑ Ȋ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȐȑ ȊȍȒ. ǾȈȘșȚȊȖ ǸȈȔȣ șȓȈȊȐȓȖșȤ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȐȘț Ȑ ȕȍșȓȖ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȊșȍȔ ȍȋȖ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȧȔ; Țț Ȏȍ șȈȔțȦ șȐȚțȈȞȐȦ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȉȣșȚȘȖ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ Ȑ Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț, ȍșȓȐ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȚȤ ȗȖ ȔȐȘț ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 54 ȥȒȈ-ȗȈȚȕȐ-ȊȘȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȖ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐ-ȟȈȘȐȚȈȝ ȠțȟȐȝ șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈȔ ȋȘȐȝȈ-ȔȍȌȝȐȑȈȔ ȠȐȒȠȈȑȈȕ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȈȟȈȘȈȚ ȥȒȈ-ȗȈȚȕȐ-ȊȘȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȈȝ — ȗȘȐȕȧȊȠȐȑ ȖȉȍȚ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȓȐȠȤ ȖȌȕț Ȏȍȕț Ȑ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ șȊȧȏȍȑ ș ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ; ȘȈȌȎȈ-ȘȐȠȐ — șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ; ȟȈȘȐȚȈȝ — ȚȖȚ, ȟȍȑ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘ; ȠțȟȐȝ — ȟȐșȚȣȑ; șȊȈ- ȌȝȈȘȔȈȔ — șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ; ȋȘȐȝȈ-ȔȍȌȝȐȑȈȔ — ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȣȍ Ȍȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȎȐȊȍȚ șȍȔȍȑȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ; ȠȐȒȠȈȑȈȕ — ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ (Ȑ țȟȈȡȐȑ ȥȚȖȔț ȕȈ ȓȐȟȕȖȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ); șȊȈȑȈȔ — ǹȈȔ; ȈȟȈȘȈȚ — ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȦȡȐȑ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȌȈȓ ȖȉȍȚ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȌȕț Ȏȍȕț Ȑ ȕȍ șȊȧȏȣȊȈȚȤ ǹȍȉȧ ș ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ șȊȧȚȣȔ ȞȈȘȍȔ ș ȉȍȏțȒȖȘȐȏȕȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ț ǵȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȚȍȕȐ ȋȕȍȊȈ ȐȓȐ Ȑȕȣȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȖȉțȟȈȓ Ȋșȍȝ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ șȍȔȍȑȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȒȈȒ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȐ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ, Ȑ țȟȐȓ Ƕȕ ȥȚȖȔț ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȅȒȈ-ȗȈȚȕȐ-ȊȘȈȚȈ, ȐȓȐ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ș ȖȌȕȖȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ, șȚȈȓȈ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȖȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓ ȓȦȌȧȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ. ǴțȎȟȐȕȍ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȏȍȕȣ. Ǫ Țȍ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȎȍȕȐȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȐȝ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȝ, ȌȈȎȍ ț ȖȚȞȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȉȣȓȖ ȚȘȐ Ȏȍȕȣ. ǵȖ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ȒȈȒ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȞȈȘȤ, ȎȐȓ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ș ȖȌȕȖȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ, ǹȐȚȖȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ Ȑ ȘȈȒȠȈșȣ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓȐ ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ — ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ — ȔȖȋ ȎȍȕȐȚȤșȧ ȕȈ șȖȚȕȧȝ Ȑ ȚȣșȧȟȈȝ ǹȐȚ, ȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈțȟȐȚȤ ȕȈș, ȒȈȒ ȝȘȈȕȐȚȤ 204


205 ȊȍȘȕȖșȚȤ ǹȊȖȍȑ Ȏȍȕȍ, Ƕȕ șȘȈȏȐȓșȧ ș ǸȈȊȈȕȖȑ Ȑ țȉȐȓ ȍȋȖ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȓ ǸȈȊȈȕț Ȑ șȗȈș ǹȊȖȦ Ȏȍȕț, ȗȖȒȈȏȈȊ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ, ȟȚȖ ț ȔțȎȟȐȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȉȣȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȌȕȈ ȎȍȕȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ȎȍȕȐȊȠȐșȤ ȓȐȠȤ ȘȈȏ, ȌȖȒȈȏȈȓ ǹȊȖȦ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȖșȚȤ Ȑ șȚȈȓ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȖȔ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ șȍȔȍȑȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǹȍȔȍȑȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȐȌȍȈȓț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ ȒȈȒ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ șȍȔȤȧȕȐȕȈ. ǮȐȚȤ ș ȎȍȕȖȑ Ȑ ȌȍȚȤȔȐ șȖȊșȍȔ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȖșțȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȎȐȊȍȚ Ȋ șȖȋȓȈșȐȐ ș ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔȐ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ- ȌȝȈȘȔȣ . dzȦȉȖȑ, ȒȚȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȥȚȐȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ — ȉțȌȤ ȚȖ șȍȔȍȑȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȐ ȐȓȐ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝȈ, — ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ Ȟȍȕȍȕ Ȍȓȧ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 55 ȗȘȍȔȕȈȕțȊȘȐȚȚȑȈ ȠȐȓȍȕȈ ȗȘȈȠȘȈȑȈȊȈȕȈȚȈ șȈȚȐ ȉȝȐȑȈ ȝȘȐȑȈ ȟȈ ȉȝȈȊȈ-ȌȎȕȈ ȉȝȈȘȚțȝ șȐȚȈȝȈȘȈȕ ȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȘȍȔȕȈ ȈȕțȊȘȐȚȚȑȈ — ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȔțȎț ș ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ Ȑ ȊȍȘȖȑ; ȠȐȓȍȕȈ — ȉȓȈȋȐȔ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȖȔ; ȗȘȈȠȘȈȑȈ-ȈȊȈȕȈȚȈ — șȔȐȘȍȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȋȖȚȖȊȕȖșȚȤȦ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȚȤ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ ȔțȎȈ; șȈȚȐ — ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȈȧ; ȉȝȐȑȈ — ȉȖȧȏȕȤȦ; ȝȘȐȑȈ — ȏȈșȚȍȕȟȐȊȖșȚȤȦ; ȟȈ — Ȑ; ȉȝȈȊȈ-ȌȎȕȈ — ȗȖȕȐȔȈȦȡȈȧ ȕȈșȚȘȖȍȕȐȍ; ȉȝȈȘȚțȝ — șțȗȘțȋȈ; șȐȚȈ — ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚȈ; ȈȝȈȘȈȚ — ȗȓȍȕȐȓȈ; ȔȈȕȈȝ — țȔ. ǴȈȚȤ ǹȐȚȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȗȖșȓțȠȕȖȑ, ȊȍȘȕȖȑ, ȏȈșȚȍȕȟȐȊȖȑ, ȞȍȓȖȔțȌȘȍȕȕȖȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȖȑ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȓȈ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ. ǹȊȖȐȔ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȖȔ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ Ȑ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȖȕȈ ȗȓȍȕȐȓȈ țȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȚȖȔț ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȧȊȐȓ ǹȖȉȖȑ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔțȎȈ (ȥȒȈ-ȗȈȚȕȐ-ȊȘȈȚȈ), ȔȈȚȤ ǹȐȚȈ ȧȊȐȓȈ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȖȑ Ȏȍȕȣ. ǺȈȒȖȍ șȖȟȍȚȈȕȐȍ ȌȍȓȈȍȚ șȍȔȍȑȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȖȑ. DZȈȌ ȑȈȌ ȈȟȈȘȈȚȐ ȠȘȍȠȚȝȈș ȚȈȚ ȚȈȌ ȥȊȍȚȈȘȖ ȌȎȈȕȈȝ: ȒȈȒȖȑ ȉȣ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ȕȐ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, Ȗȉȣȟȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ șȓȍȌțȦȚ ȏȈ ȕȐȔ. ǭșȓȐ ȉȣ ȞȈȘȐ, ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ Ȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȐ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȈȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, ȊȍșȤ ȔȐȘ șȚȈȓ ȉȣ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȘȈȦ; Ȍȓȧ ȈȌșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȕȍ ȖșȚȈȓȖșȤ ȉȣ ȔȍșȚȈ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȌȍșȧȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǬȍȊȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǬȍȧȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȣ».

Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɨɞɢɧɧɚɞɰɚɬɚɹ. Ƚɨɫɩɨɞɶ Ɋɚɦɚɱɚɧɞɪɚ ɩɪɚɜɢɬ ɦɢɪɨɦ Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȎȐȓ Ȋ ǨȑȖȌȝȤȍ șȖ ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȔȓȈȌȠȐȔȐ ȉȘȈȚȤȧȔȐ Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ, ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȝ ǹȍȉȍ ǹȈȔȖȔț. ǶȒȖȕȟȐȊ ȥȚȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, Ƕȕ ȖȌȈȘȐȓ ȏȍȔȓȍȑ ȎȘȍȞȖȊ ȝȖȚț, ȈȌȝȊȈȘȤȦ, țȌȋȈȚț Ȑ ȉȘȈȝȔț. ǽȖȚȈ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȊȖșȚȖȟȕȣȍ ȏȍȔȓȐ, ȈȌȝȊȈȘȤȦ — ȏȈȗȈȌȕȣȍ, țȌȋȈȚȈ — șȍȊȍȘȕȣȍ, Ȉ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ — ȦȎȕȣȍ. ǶșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȏȍȔȓȐ Ƕȕ ȖȚȌȈȓ ȈȟȈȘȤȍ . ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȊȐȌȍȓȐ, ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ 205

Шримад Бхагаватам, песня 9, часть 1  

Шримад Бхагаватам, песня 9, часть 1 А. Ч. Бхактиведанта Свами Прабхупады.

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