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ȀȘȐȔȈȌ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ 1 Ȋ ȗȍȘȍȊȖȌȍ ǭȋȖ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ǴȐȓȖșȚȐ Ǩ.ǿ. ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ ǹȊȈȔȐ ǷȘȈȉȝțȗȈȌȣ ǷȍȘȊȈȧ ȗȍșȕȤ "ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ" ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ǺȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ. ǷȍȘȊȣȍ ȌȍȊȧȚȤ ȋȓȈȊ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȍȋȖ ȠȍȌȍȊȘȈ ȉȖȋȖșȓȖȊȐȧ Ȑ ȔȍȚȈȜȐȏȐȒȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ "ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ" ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȕȖȊȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȚȘțȌȈ, ȌȈȦȚșȧ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȣȍ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȐ, ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȥȗȖȝȐ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȧȚșȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ: Ȗ ǵȈȘȈȌȍ ǴțȕȐ, Ȗ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȐ șȣȕȈ ǬȘȖȕȣ, ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ ȞȈȘȐȞȣ DzțȕȚȐ Ȑ țȝȖȌ ǩȝȐȠȔȈȌȍȊȣ Ȋ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ.


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ǶȚ ȐȏȌȈȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈ 3 ǷȘȍȌȐșȓȖȊȐȍ 6 ǪȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ Ȑ ȒȘȈȚȒȐȑ ȖȟȍȘȒ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȑȚȈȕȤȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț 9 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȗȍȘȊȈȧ. ǪȖȗȘȖșȣ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ 40 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȊȚȖȘȈȧ. ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ 69 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȚȘȍȚȤȧ. DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ 105 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȈȧ. ȇȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ 142 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȗȧȚȈȧ. ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȌȈȍȚ ǪȤȧșȈȌȍȊȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȗȖ ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ 162 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȠȍșȚȈȧ. ǩȍșȍȌȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ ș ǪȤȧșȈȌȍȊȖȑ 201 ǫȓȈȊȈ șȍȌȤȔȈȧ. ǵȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ șȣȕȈ ǬȘȖȕȣ 225 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȊȖșȤȔȈȧ. ǴȖȓȐȚȊȣ ȞȈȘȐȞȣ DzțȕȚȐ Ȑ șȗȈșȍȕȐȍ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ 264 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȍȊȧȚȈȧ. ǻȝȖȌ ǩȝȐȠȔȈȌȍȊȣ Ȋ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ 306 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȍșȧȚȈȧ. ǶȚȢȍȏȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȋ ǬȊȈȘȈȒț 355 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȖȌȐȕȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǪȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȍ ǫșȖȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȋ ǬȊȈȘȈȒț 384 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǸȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ 419 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȚȘȐȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǬȝȘȐȚȈȘȈȠȚȘȈ ȗȖȒȐȌȈȍȚ ȌȖȔ 457 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǻȝȖȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ 506 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȗȧȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǹȊȖȍȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȑ țȝȖȌ ǷȈȕȌȈȊȖȊ 530 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. DzȈȒ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ 573 ǫȓȈȊȈ șȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǵȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȖȔȐȓȖȊȈȕȐȍ DzȈȓȐ 602 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȊȖșȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǹȣȕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȗȘȖȒȓȐȕȈȍȚ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ 636 ǫȓȈȊȈ ȌȍȊȧȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȈȧ. ǷȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ 673

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Ɉɬ ɢɡɞɚɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ǷȘȍȌȐșȓȖȊȐȍ Ȓ ȈȕȋȓȐȑșȒȖȔț ȐȏȌȈȕȐȦ «ȅȚȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȈ" șȐȧȍȚ șȓȖȊȕȖ șȖȓȕȞȍ. ǶȕȈ ȊȏȖȠȓȈ șȘȈȏț ȗȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ* (Ȉ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ǵȐȔ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ, ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ.) țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǹȊȖȦ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ. ȅȚȈ ǷțȘȈȕȈ ȕȍșȍȚ șȊȍȚ ȓȦȌȧȔ, țȚȘȈȚȐȊȠȐȔ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ Ȋ ȕȍȗȘȖȋȓȧȌȕȖȑ ȚȤȔȍ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ». («ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» 1.3.43) * Ǫșȍ ȐȔȍȕȈ Ȑ ȋȍȖȋȘȈȜȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȧ Ȋ ȒȕȐȋȍ (ȏȈ ȘȍȌȒȐȔȐ, ȖșȖȉȖ ȖȋȖȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȐșȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȧȔȐ) ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȕȣ Ȋ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚșȒȖȑ ȚȘȈȕșȓȐȚȍȘȈȞȐȐ. (șȔ. «ǸțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖ ȗȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȐȦ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚȈ»). ǵȍȗȖȌȊȓȈșȚȕȈȧ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȔțȌȘȖșȚȤ ǰȕȌȐȐ ȕȈȠȓȈ șȊȖȍ ȊȣȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ - ȌȘȍȊȕȐȝ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚșȒȐȝ ȚȍȒșȚȈȝ, ȖȝȊȈȚȣȊȈȦȡȐȝ Ȋșȍ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǷȍȘȊȖȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖ ǪȍȌȣ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȊȈȓȐșȤ ȐȏțșȚȕȖ; ȗȧȚȤ Țȣșȧȟ ȓȍȚ ȕȈȏȈȌ ȖȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȊȗȍȘȊȣȍ ȏȈȗȐșȈȕȣ ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ - «ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȕȣȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǩȖȋȈ». ǹȖșȚȈȊȐȊ ǪȍȌȣ, ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȓ Ȑȝ șțȡȕȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȈȜȖȘȐȏȔȈȝ, ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣȝ ȒȈȒ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȣ». «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» («ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȈ») - ȥȚȖ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ Ȓ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȈȔ». Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȕȈȗȐșȈȕ Ȋ ȗȖȘț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȏȘȍȓȖșȚȐ ȈȊȚȖȘȈ ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ ǴțȕȐ, ȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȑ «ȏȘȍȓȣȔ ȗȓȖȌȖȔ ȌȘȍȊȈ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȣ», ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ Ȑ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȔ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǹȖșȚȈȊȐȊ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ǪȑȈșȈ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȒȘȈȚȒȖȍ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ șȊȖȍȔț șȣȕț, ȔțȌȘȍȞț ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǪȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚț Ȋ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȐ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, șȖȉȘȈȊȠȐȝșȧ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǫȈȕȋȐ ț ǽȈșȚȐȕȈȗțȘȈ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ ȉȣȓ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ ȔȐȘȈ Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȐ (șȊȧȚȣȔ ȞȈȘȍȔ). Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȍȌțȗȘȍȎȌȍȕ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȕȍȌȍȓȦ țȔȘȍȚ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋ ǫȈȕȋȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȚȐȚȤșȧ ȌȖ șȈȔȖȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȗȘȖșȊȍȚȓȍȕȐȍ. «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȖȚȒȘȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȐȍȔ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ Ȓ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ: «Ǻȣ - ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ șȊȧȚȣȝ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȧ ȗȘȖȠț Țȍȉȧ țȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȗțȚȤ Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț ȊșȍȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ, Ȉ Ȋ ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ șȚȖȐȚ ȕȈ ȗȖȘȖȋȍ șȔȍȘȚȐ. ǷȖȊȍȌȈȑ, ȟȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ, Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ Ȑ ȟȍȔț ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȟȍȋȖ ȍȔț ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ. ǷȘȖȠț Țȍȉȧ, ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȐ Ȕȕȍ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ». Ǫ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ șȍȔȐ Ȍȕȍȑ, ȊȗȓȖȚȤ ȌȖ ȒȖȕȟȐȕȣ ȞȈȘȧ, ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȊȕȐȔȈȓȐ ȖȚȊȍȚȈȔ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȚ Ȑ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȊȖȗȘȖșȖȊ, ȏȈȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȑ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȖȔ Ȑ ȒȈșȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȊșȍȋȖ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȧ ȖȚ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȒȖȕȟȈȧ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. ǴțȌȘȍȞ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȖȊȈȊȠȐȑ ȕȈ ȚȖȔ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȐ, ȋȌȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȊȗȍȘȊȣȍ ȐȏȓȈȋȈȓ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȊȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȐ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȐȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȍȘȍȌ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ, șȖȉȘȈȊȠȐȔȐșȧ Ȋ ȓȍșț ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȈ. ǯȈȉȖȚȧșȤ Ȗ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȐ ȊșȍȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȥȚȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ șȖȉȘȈȓȐșȤ Ȍȓȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȐȧ ȌȓȐȕȕȖȑ ȞȍȗȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ, ȗȘȐȏȊȈȕȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȌȍȑșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȘȈȏȘțȠȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȔț ȊȓȐȧȕȐȦ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ. Ǫ ȖȚȊȍȚ ȕȈ ȗȘȖșȤȉț ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȚȤ ȐȔ șțȚȤ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȔțȌȘȖșȚȐ, ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȐȓ ȗȖ ȗȈȔȧȚȐ Ȋșȍ ȊȖșȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ Țȣșȧȟ șȚȐȝȖȊ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ3


4 ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȘȈȕȍȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚț. ǿȐȚȈȚȍȓȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȏȕȈȒȖȔȐȚșȧ ș ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȔȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȚȈȔȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȍȘȍșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȐȕȖȋȌȈ șȈȔ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȖȚȊȍȟȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ ȀȈțȕȈȒȐ ǸȐȠȐ, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȦȡȍȋȖ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ Ȋ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȤ șȓȍȌȐȚ șȘȈȏț ȏȈ ȌȊțȔȧ ȌȐȈȓȖȋȈȔȐ: ȗȍȘȊȣȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȓ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǫȈȕȋȐ ȔȍȎȌț ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȑ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȖȔ Ȑ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȑ ȊȚȖȘȣȔ, șȖșȚȖȧȊȠȐȔșȧ ȔȍȎȌț ǹțȚȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ ș ȀȈțȕȈȒȖȑ ǸȐȠȐ Ȋ ȓȍșț ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȈ. ǷȖȔȐȔȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ, Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȝ ȞȈȘȦ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚț ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȟȈșȚȖ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȣ Ȑȏ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ Ȑ ȊȣȌȍȘȎȒȐ Ȑȏ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȝ ȉȍșȍȌ ȔȍȎȌț ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȌțȠȈȔȐ, ȒȈȒ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ Ȑ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ. ǯȕȈȧ ȗȘȍȌȣșȚȖȘȐȦ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȤ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȓȍȋȒȖ ȘȈȏȖȉȘȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ șȗȓȍȚȍȕȐȐ ȌȐȈȓȖȋȖȊ Ȑ șȖȉȣȚȐȑ, ȊȏȧȚȣȝ Ȑȏ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȊ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț șȈȔȖȍ ȊȈȎȕȖȍ Ȋ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȐ ȕȍ ȝȘȖȕȖȓȖȋȐȟȍșȒȐȑ ȗȖȘȧȌȖȒ, Ȉ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȈȧ ȔțȌȘȖșȚȤ, ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȚȕȍșȚȐșȤ Ȓ ȚȖȔț, Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȋ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊț ȖȞȍȕȐȚȤ ȋȓțȉȐȕț ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ. ǷȍȘȍȊȖȌȟȐȒ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȐȏȌȈȕȐȧ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȍȚ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ș ȓȍȌȍȕȞȖȔ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȒțșȖȟȍȒ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ șȓȈȌȖȒ. ǺȈȒ ȟȚȖ ȊȒțșȐȚȤ șȓȈȌȖșȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȔȖȎȕȖ, ȕȈȟȈȊ ȟȚȍȕȐȍ ș ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȚȖȔȈ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖȔț ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȦ ȗȖșȓȍ ȚȈȒȖȑ «ȌȍȋțșȚȈȞȐȐ» ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǷȍȘȊȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ Ȑ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȗȍșȕȤ ȏȈ ȗȍșȕȤȦ. ǷȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȍȔȖȍ ȐȏȌȈȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȗȍȘȊȣȑ ȗȖȓȕȣȑ ȗȍȘȍȊȖȌ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȉȍșȞȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȒșȚȈ ȕȈ ȈȕȋȓȐȑșȒȐȑ, șȚȈȊȠȐȑ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȣȔ ȠȐȘȖȒȖȔț ȒȘțȋț ȈȕȋȓȖȧȏȣȟȕȣȝ ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȍȑ. ǷȍȘȍȊȖȌ șȕȈȉȎȍȕ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȣȔȐ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȧȔȐ. ǷȍȘȊȣȍ ȌȍȊȧȚȤ ȗȍșȍȕ Ȑ ȕȈȟȈȓȖ ǬȍșȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ - ȗȓȖȌ ȚȘțȌȈ ǭȋȖ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ǴȐȓȖșȚȐ Ǩ.ǿ. ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ ǹȊȈȔȐ ǷȘȈȉȝțȗȈȌȣ, ȖșȕȖȊȈȚȍȓȧ-ȈȟȈȘȤȐ ǴȍȎȌțȕȈȘȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ - șȈȔȖȋȖ ȊȣȌȈȦȡȍȋȖșȧ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ ȐȕȌȐȑșȒȖȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȑ Ȑ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȖȑ ȔȣșȓȐ. ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚȈ Ȋ șȖȟȍȚȈȕȐȐ ș ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȑ ȖșȊȍȌȖȔȓȍȕȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȋ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȝ ȒȈȒ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȣ Ȑ ȔȣșȓȐ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȗȖȏȊȖȓȐȓȐ ȍȔț ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȕȈ șțȌ ȏȈȗȈȌȕȖȋȖ ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȧ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȓȍȗȕȖȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȣȌȈȦȡȍȋȖșȧ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȌȘȍȊȕȍȐȕȌȐȑșȒȖȑ ȒȓȈșșȐȒȐ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ Ȋ 1977 ȋȖȌț ȀȘȐȓȈ ǷȘȈȉȝțȗȈȌȈ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȘ, ȍȋȖ ȔȖȕțȔȍȕȚȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȚȘțȌ - ȗȍȘȍȊȖȌ Ȑ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȐȘȖȊȈȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȉȣȓ ȏȈȒȖȕȟȍȕ ȍȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȒȈȔȐ ǽȘȐȌȈȑȈȕȈȕȌȖȑ ȌȈșȖȔ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ǫȖȗȐȗȈȘȈȕȈȌȝȈȕȖȑ ȌȈșȖȔ. ǷȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȍȔȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ ȞȍȕȕȖ ȊȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ. Ǭȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșțȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȒȈȔȐ ȌȘȍȊȕȍȑ ȐȕȌȐȑșȒȖȑ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȐ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȖȉȠȐȘȕțȦ Ȑ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕțȦ ȐȕȜȖȘȔȈȞȐȦ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȖȉȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȍȍ ȈșȗȍȒȚȈȝ. ǰȏțȟȈȦȡȐȔ șȘȈȊȕȐȚȍȓȤȕțȦ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ Ȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȦ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȌȈșȚ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ ȊȕȐȒȕțȚȤ Ȋ șțȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȍȌȐȧ ǰȕȌȐȐ. ǹȖȞȐȖȓȖȋȐ Ȑ ȈȕȚȘȖȗȖȓȖȋȐ ȕȈȑȌțȚ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȣ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȐȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȊ ȔȐȘȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȕȈțȟȕȖ ȖȘȋȈȕȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȖșȕȖȊț ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȓȖ ȊȣșȖȒȖȘȈȏȊȐȚȖȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȔȐȘȖȊȖȏȏȘȍȕȐȍ. ǰȏțȟȈȦȡȐȍ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘț ȖȚȒȘȖȦȚ Ȍȓȧ șȍȉȧ ȊȍȓȐȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȖȥȚȐȟȍșȒȐȑ ȠȍȌȍȊȘ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȐȏțȟȈȍȚ ȗșȐȝȖȓȖȋȐȦ, ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȈȚ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȖȊȣȑ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ȕȈ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȑ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȖȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ. ǰ ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ, 4


5 ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȕȧȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȐșȒȈȔȐ, «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȕȍșȓȖȎȕȖȍ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖ Ȓ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȦ ȊȣșȠȍȑ șȚțȗȍȕȐ șȈȔȖȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. Ǵȣ ȕȈȌȍȍȔșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȕȖȋȖȚȖȔȕȣȑ ȚȘțȌ, ȗȖȌȋȖȚȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȐȏȌȈȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖȔ «ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȈ ǩțȒ ǺȘȈșȚ», ȏȈȑȔȍȚ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȍ ȔȍșȚȖ Ȋ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚțȈȓȤȕȖȑ, ȒțȓȤȚțȘȕȖȑ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, Ȑ ȟȚȖ ȍȔț șțȎȌȍȕȈ ȌȖȓȋȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ.

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6

ɉɪɟɞɢɫɥɨɜɢɟ ȀȘȐȓȍ ǷȘȈȉȝțȗȈȌȍ ǩȝȈȒȚȐșȐȌȌȝȈȕȚȍ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎț ǴǶǭǴǻ ǬǻǽǶǪǵǶǴǻ ǻǿǰǺǭdzȆ Ǫ 26-țȦ ȋȖȌȖȊȡȐȕț șȖ Ȍȕȧ ȍȋȖ țȝȖȌȈ Ƕȕ ȊȍȟȕȖ ȎȐȊȍȚ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȝ, Ȑ ȍȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȒ ȎȐȊȍȚ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȕȐȔ. Ǵȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȏȕȈȚȤ, Ȋ ȟȍȔ ȕțȎȌȈȍȚșȧ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȍȔț ȕțȎȕȖ? ǫȍȖȋȘȈȜȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȘțȉȍȎȐ țȎȍ ȕȍ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȧȦȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȖ ȕȈ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȕȣ ȐȓȐ ȖȉȡȐȕȣ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȚȈȒ ȏȈȔȒȕțȚȖ, ȒȈȒ Ȋ șȘȍȌȕȐȍ ȊȍȒȈ, Ȑ Ȋ ȔȐȘȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȚȍȕȌȍȕȞȐȧ Ȓ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȦ ȍȌȐȕȖȋȖ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȈ, ȐȓȐ ȍȌȐȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȐȌȍȈȓȣ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȒȖȔȔțȕȐȏȔȈ Ȋ ȚȖȑ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȣ ȕȈ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ, Ȑ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȕȈ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔȣșȓȐȚȍȓȐ ȊȐȌȧȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȐ ȥȚȖȑ ȐȌȍȖȓȖȋȐȐ, Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚ ȥȚț ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ș ȈȜȖȘȐȏȔȈ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȐ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ ȌȎȈȕȔȈȌȑ ȈșȑȈ ȑȈȚȈȝ, țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȐȌȍȦ ȍȌȐȕȖȑ ȗȍȘȊȖȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ. Ǫ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȊȖ ȔȘȈȒȍ ȏȈȉȊȍȕȐȧ. ǪȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȖȕȖ ȌȖȉȐȓȖșȤ ȏȕȈȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȈ Ȋ șȖȏȌȈȕȐȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ țȌȖȉșȚȊ, ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȐ Ȑ ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȖȔ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȐ. ǵȖ ȋȌȍ-ȚȖ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȘȋȈȕȐȏȔȍ șȖȝȘȈȕȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȘȈȏȌȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȑ ȏȈȕȖȏȍ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȠȐȘȖȒȖȔȈșȠȚȈȉȕȣȍ ȒȖȕȜȓȐȒȚȣ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȦȚ ȌȈȎȍ ȗȖ șȈȔȣȔ ȕȍȏȕȈȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ ȗȖȊȖȌȈȔ. ǵȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȕȈȑȚȐ ȗțȚȤ Ȓ ȔȐȘț, ȌȘțȎȉȍ Ȑ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȦ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȖȉȢȍȌȐȕȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȐȔ ȌȍȓȖȔ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȚ ȥȚț ȏȈȌȈȟț, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȒțȓȤȚțȕțȦ ȗȘȖȋȘȈȔȔț ȕȖȊȖȋȖ ȖȌțȝȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȊșȍȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȐȏȔȍȕȐȚȤ ȌȍȔȖȕȐȟȍșȒȐȑ ȖȉȓȐȒ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ, șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȊȊȍșȚȐ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȋ ȠȒȖȓȈȝ Ȑ ȒȖȓȓȍȌȎȈȝ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȖȊȈȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌȈ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ șȈȔ ȉȣȓ ȍȡȍ țȟȍȕȐȒȖȔ. ȒȈțȔȈȘȈ ȈȟȈȘȍȚ ȗȘȈȌȎȕȖ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȕ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȕ ȐȝȈ ȌțȘȓȈȉȝȈȔ ȔȈȕțȠȈȔ ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȚȈȌ Ȉȗȑ ȈȌȝȘțȊȈȔ ȈȘȚȝȈ-ȌȈȔ (ǩȝȈȋ. 7.6.1) ǷȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ șȖȞȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȐșȋȈȘȔȖȕȐȐ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȉȍșȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȕȖșȚȤ ȈȚȍȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ǪșȍȔȖȋțȡȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ Ȋșȍ ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ Ȋșȍ ȝȘȈȕȐȚ Ȑ Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ Ȋșȍ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ȗȖȒȖȑ. ǷȖȗȣȚȒȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȕȈțȒȐ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȚȤ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕțȦ ȗȘȐȟȐȕț ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȊȍȓȐ Ȓ țșȗȍȝț, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ 6


7 ȚȈȒȈȧ ȍȌȐȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ, ȕȍșȖȔȍȕȕȖ, șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ. dzȖȋȐȟȕȖȍ Ȑ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȖȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ ȊșȍȋȖ șțȡȍȋȖ ȌȈȕȖ Ȋ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȔ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȐȓȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȕȈțȒȈ, ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȦȡȈȧ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȥȚȖȚ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ, ȕȖ Ȑ țȏȕȈȚȤ Ȗ ȕȈȠȐȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș ǵȐȔ Ȑ ȕȈȠȐȝ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȧȝ ȗȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȦ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȕȈ ȖșȕȖȊȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, ȕȈȗȐșȈȕȕȖȍ ȕȈ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚȍ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȑ șȐȓȖȑ ȊȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ. ǺȍȗȍȘȤ ȖȕȖ ȚȡȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȍȘȍȊȍȌȍȕȖ ȕȈ ȈȕȋȓȐȑșȒȐȑ ȧȏȣȒ, ȚȈȒ ȟȚȖ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȟȐȚȈȧ ȍȋȖ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȔȖȎȍȚ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȥȚȐȝ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ ȉțȌȍȚ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖșȚȖȧȚȤ ȕȈȗȈȌȒȈȔ ȈȚȍȐșȚȖȊ. ǩȖȓȍȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȗȘȖȟȐȚȈȊȠȐȑ ȍȋȖ, șȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȓ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȐȦ ǩȖȋȈ ȒȈȒ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȍȘȊȖȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ș ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȐȧ ȗȍȘȊȖȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ ȊșȍȋȖ șțȡȍȋȖ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȑ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ Ȓ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȍ», șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȚȍȔ Ȏȍ ȈȊȚȖȘȖȔ, ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ, Ȑ, ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȖȟȐȚȈȊ ȗȍȘȊȣȍ ȌȍȊȧȚȤ ȗȍșȕȍȑ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖȌȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠțȦ șȚțȗȍȕȤ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ. ǭȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ Ȍȓȧ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȒȕȐȋȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ - ȟȐȚȈȚȤ ȍȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȠȈȋ ȏȈ ȠȈȋȖȔ, ȕȍ ȏȈȉȍȋȈȧ ȊȗȍȘȍȌ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȌȍȓȈȍȚșȧ ȗȘȐ ȟȚȍȕȐȐ Ȗȉȣȟȕȣȝ ȒȕȐȋ. ǵțȎȕȖ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȖȌȕț ȏȈ ȌȘțȋȖȑ, ȐȏțȟȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȍȍ ȋȓȈȊȣ. ǹȚȘțȒȚțȘȈ ȒȕȐȋȐ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȦȡȈȧ ȖȘȐȋȐȕȈȓȤȕȣȍ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚșȒȐȍ ȚȍȒșȚȣ, ȚȘȈȕșȓȐȚȍȘȈȞȐȦ, șȐȕȖȕȐȔȣ, ȗȍȘȍȊȖȌ Ȑ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȐ, ȚȈȒȖȊȈ, ȟȚȖ, ȗȘȖȟȐȚȈȊ ȗȍȘȊȣȍ ȌȍȊȧȚȤ ȗȍșȕȍȑ, ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȤ ȕȍȗȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȐȌȍȚ Ȓ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ ǩȖȋȈ. ǬȍșȧȚȈȧ ȗȍșȕȤ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȗȍȘȊȣȝ ȌȍȊȧȚȐ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȈ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǹȔȣșȓ ǬȍșȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ ȕȍ ȖȚȒȘȖȍȚșȧ ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȐȏțȟȐȓ ȗȍȘȊȣȍ ȌȍȊȧȚȤ. Ǫșȧ ȒȕȐȋȈ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȑȏ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȐ șȈȔȖșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȍșȕȍȑ, ȕȖ ȓțȟȠȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȟȐȚȈȚȤ Ȑȝ ȕȍȉȖȓȤȠȐȔȐ ȟȈșȚȧȔȐ, ȖȌȕț ȏȈ ȌȘțȋȖȑ. ȇ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȒȐ Ȋ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȖ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȧ ȕȈȌȍȦșȤ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉțȌȍȚ ȚȍȗȓȖ ȊșȚȘȍȟȍȕ ȔȣșȓȧȡȐȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ Ȑ ȓȐȌȍȘȈȔȐ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǺȈȒȈȧ țȊȍȘȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȖșȕȖȊȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȔ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȐ șȈȔȖȋȖ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» (1.5.11): ȚȈȌ-ȊȈȋ-ȊȐșȈȘȋȖ ȌȎȈȕȈȚȈȋȝȈ-ȊȐȗȓȈȊȖ ȑȈșȔȐȕ ȗȘȈȚȐ-ȠȓȖȒȈȔ ȈȉȈȌȌȝȈȊȈȚȑ ȈȗȐ ȕȈȔȈȕȑ ȈȕȈȕȚȈșȑȈ ȑȈȠȖ `ȕȒȐȚȈȕȐ ȑȈȟ ȟȝȘȐȕȊȈȕȚȐ ȋȈȑȈȕȚȐ ȋȘȐȕȈȕȚȐ șȈȌȝȈȊȈȝ «ǹ ȌȘțȋȖȑ șȚȖȘȖȕȣ, ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, șȖȌȍȘȎȈȡȍȍ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȧ ȐȔȍȕȐ, șȓȈȊȣ, ȜȖȘȔ Ȑ ȐȋȘ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȋȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ, ȗȘȐȏȊȈȕȕȣȔ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȗȍȘȍȊȖȘȖȚ Ȋ ȕȍȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ șȉȐȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ș ȗțȚȐ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǺȈȒȖȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȒȐ, șȓțȠȈȦȚ, ȗȖȦȚ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȟȐșȚȣȍ Ȑ ȉȍȏțȒȖȘȐȏȕȍȕȕȖ ȟȍșȚȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ».

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8 ǶȔ ȚȈȚ șȈȚ Ǩ. ǿ. ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȈ ǹȊȈȔȐ

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ȼɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɤ ɒɪɢɦɚɞ-Ȼɯɚɝɚɜɚɬɚɦ ɢ ɤɪɚɬɤɢɣ ɨɱɟɪɤ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɒɪɢ ɑɚɣɬɚɧɶɢ Ɇɚɯɚɩɪɚɛɯɭ ǷȖȕȧȚȐȧ «ǩȖȋ» Ȑ «ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ» ȕȍȘȈȊȕȖȏȕȈȟȕȣ. ǾȍȓȤȦ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ. ǷȖȕȧȚȐȍ «ǩȖȋ» ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȦ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȗȖȕȧȚȐȍ «ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ» ȖȚȕȖșȚȐșȧ Ȓ șțȔȔțȔ ȉȖȕțȔ* ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒț Ȋșȍȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ. Ǫșȍ șȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȕȈ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ǩȖȋ ȒȈȒ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȚȤ ȟȍȘȚȈȔȐ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ. ǸȈȏțȔȍȍȚșȧ, șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȌȍȔȖȒȘȈȚȐȟȍșȒȖȍ, ȌȖ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȋȓȈȊȈ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ, Ȑ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ ȈșȗȍȒȚ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȍȕ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȕȖȔț. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȒȖȓȤ șȒȖȘȖ ȘȍȟȤ ȏȈȝȖȌȐȚ Ȗȉ țȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȐ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȚȤ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȕȖȋȖ ȈșȗȍȒȚȈ. ǭșȚȤ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȐ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȡȐȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȗȖșȚȣ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȚȖȘȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȣȝ ȉȖȋȖȊ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȖșȖȉȣȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȊȐȉȝțȚȐȔȈȚ-șȈȚȚȊȖȑ, ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȍȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȌȍȓȐȓ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȐȉȝțȚȐȔȈȚ-șȈȚȚȊ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȍȑ, ȐȓȐ ȉȖȋȖȊ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ ȒȈȒȐȔȐ-ȚȖ ȖșȖȉȣȔȐ șȐȓȈȔȐ, ȕȖ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ȐșȚȐȕȈ ȖȌȕȈ Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȌȕȈ. Ǫ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ, ȐȓȐ șțȔȔțȔ ȉȖȕțȔ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȈȘȈȔ șȈȚȑȈȔ. * ǹțȔȔțȔ ȉȖȕțȔ (ȓȈȚ.) - ǪȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ. ǨȊȚȖȘ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ șȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȗȈȘȈȔ șȈȚȑȈȔ (ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ȐșȚȐȕȖȑ). ǰ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȗȈȘȈȔ șȈȚȑȈȔ ȍșȚȤ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ Ȋșȍȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ, ȖȕȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǩȖȋȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȐ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȖ ȗȈȘȈȔ șȈȚȑȈȔ, ȖȚ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȖȕȐ ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȚ șȊȖȦ ȊȓȈșȚȤ, - ȥȚȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. ǹȈȕșȒȘȐȚșȒȖȍ șȓȖȊȖ ȐȠȊȈȘȈ (ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ) ȗȍȘȍȌȈȍȚ ȐȌȍȦ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȗȈȘȈȔȍȠȊȈȘȖȑ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȐȠȊȈȘȖȑ. ǷȈȘȈȔȍȠȊȈȘȈ - ȥȚȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȈȧ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ, Ȑ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȟȍȘȗȈȍȚ ǹȊȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȐ Ȑȏ ȒȈȒȐȝ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȊ, Ƕȕ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔ. Ǫ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȉȖȋȖȔ, ȐȓȐ ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔ șȘȍȌȐ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȉȖȋȖȊ - ȚȈȒȐȝ, ȒȈȒ ǰȕȌȘȈ, ǿȈȕȌȘȈ, ǪȈȘțȕȈ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ., - ȖȌȕȈȒȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȐ. ǯȕȈȕȐȍ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ǪȍȌ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȖ ȐȔ ȖȚ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȑ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ȗȘȧȔȖ Ȑ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ȏȕȈȍȚ ȖȉȖ ȊșȍȔ. ǩȍșȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ ȔȈȓȣȍ ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȧȊȓȧȧșȤ ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȔȐ ȟȈșȚȐȞȈȔȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȧȔȖ Ȑ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ȏȕȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ Ȗ șȊȖȐȝ ȚȍȓȈȝ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȊȕȍȠȕȐȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȝ, ȕȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ȏȕȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȒȈȒ Ȗ ȊȕȍȠȕȐȝ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ Ȗ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȐȝ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȝ. ǬȎȈȕȔȈȌȑ ȈșȑȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ șȖȏȐȌȈȕȐȧ, șȖȝȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȧ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋșȍ ȚȈ Ȏȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȈȧ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. ǬȈȎȍ ȗȖ șȊȖȍȔț ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȔț ȖȗȣȚț Ȕȣ ȏȕȈȍȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȑȏ ȐȕȍȘȚȕȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȈȚȤ ȐȕȍȘȚȕțȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȦ. ǵȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȊșȚțȗȈȧ Ȋ ȒȖȕȚȈȒȚ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȚȍȓȖȔ, ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȡȈȍȚ ȚȍȓȖ Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȡȐȑ ȔȍȝȈȕȐȏȔ. dzȦȌȐ șȒțȌȕȣȝ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ ȖȠȐȉȖȟȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȔȍȝȈȕȐȏȔ 9


10 ȚȍȓȈ ȏȈ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȕȖ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ - ȖșȕȖȊȈ ȔȍȝȈȕȐȏȔȈ ȚȍȓȈ. DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȎȐȊȈȧ ȐșȒȘȈ ȗȖȒȐȌȈȍȚ ȔȈȠȐȕț ȚȍȓȈ, ȖȕȖ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȉȍșȗȖȓȍȏȕȣȔ. ǷȖ ȈȕȈȓȖȋȐȐ ș ȥȚȐȔ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ Ȋșȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ. ȅȚȈ ȐșȚȐȕȈ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȈ ȊșȍȔȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȕȈțȒȐ. ǮȐȊȈȧ șȐȓȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, Ȑ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȝ ȈȟȈȘȤȍȊ (țȟȐȚȍȓȍȑ) ȀȘȐȗȈȌȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȈ țȟȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ - ȥȚȖ șțȉșȚȈȕȞȐȧ, Ȉ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȐȑ ȔȐȘ - ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȧ. ǰȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ Ȋșȍȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ - ȥȚȖ ȎȐȊȈȧ șȐȓȈ, Ȑ ȓȖȋȐȟȕȖ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǭȔț ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ Ȋșȍ: ȗȘȖȠȓȖȍ, ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȍ Ȑ ȉțȌțȡȍȍ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ țȋȖȓȖȒ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȑ - ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ. ǵȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȍȚ ȌȈȎȍ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȍȋȖ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ Țȍȓȍ. ǶȕȖ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȧȍȚ ȗȐȡț, ȕȖ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȍȚ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȈ ȗȐȡȈ ȗȘȍȖȉȘȈȏțȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ Ȑ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚ ȍȋȖ ȚȍȓȖ. ǹȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȏȕȈȚȤ ȖȉȖ ȊșȍȔ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȧȡȍȔ, Ȑ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ȊșȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȈ, ȊȗȖȓȕȍ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ǭȑ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ Ȋșȍ Ȑ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖșȚȧȝ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ ȒȈȒ Ȓ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ - ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȊșȦȌț, Ȋșȍ șȖȏȕȈȊȈȧ Ȑ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȊȓȈȌȍȧ ǹȊȖȍȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȦ ȉȖȋȈȚȣȍ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ Ȍȓȧ ȌȖșȒȖȕȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȧ ȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȈ. Ǫ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȦȦ ȥȗȖȝț «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓ, ȒȈȒ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔ. ǷȘȖȕȐȒȕțȚȤ Ȋ șțȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȓȍȋȟȍ, ȍșȓȐ ȗȘȐȉȍȋȕțȚȤ Ȓ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȦ ȗȖ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕșȚȊț ȖȞȍȕȐȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», Ȕȣ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȔ ȏȌȍșȤ ȒȘȈȚȒȖȍ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȑ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ. ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ - ȥȚȖ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, ȎȐȏȕȤ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȚȖ Ƕȕ Ȑ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ, Ȑ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ Ȋ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȏȊțȒȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǭȋȖ ȗȖȌȝȖȌ Ȓ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȦ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȌȖșȚțȗȍȕ ȊșȍȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǰ Ƕȕ ȝȖȚȍȓ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Țȍ, ȒȖȔț ȌȖȊȍȓȖșȤ ȘȖȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ǰȕȌȐȐ, ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ țȋȖȓȒȈȝ ȔȐȘȈ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ ȕȈțȒȈ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȍ șȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȕȣ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ». ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ, ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȔ ȕȈșȚȈȊȕȐȒȖȔ ȐȓȐ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȒȖȔ ȕȈțȒȐ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȐȏțȟȐȓ ȥȚț ȕȈțȒț - «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚț». ǹȚȘȈȌȈȦȡȍȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊț ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, Ȑ Ȕȣ ȗȘȖșȐȔ ȓȐȌȍȘȖȊ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȕ ȘȈȌȐ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȋȈ, ȉȓȈȋȈ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȥȚȖȑ ȕȈțȒȖȑ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. DzǸǨǺDzǰDZ ǶǿǭǸDz Ǯǰǯǵǰ ǰ ǻǿǭǵǰȇ ǫǶǹǷǶǬǨ ǿǨǰǺǨǵDZǰ, ǷǸǶǷǶǪǭǬǵǰDzǨ ȀǸǰǴǨǬ-ǩǽǨǫǨǪǨǺǨǴ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȈȗȖșȚȖȓ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǩȖȋț Ȑ ȖșȕȖȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȐȒ șȖȊȔȍșȚȕȖȋȖ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȧ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȧȊȐȓ ǹȍȉȧ Ȋ 10


11 ȀȘȐȌȝȈȔȍ ǴȈȑȈȗțȘȍ, ȖȌȕȖȔ Ȑȏ ȒȊȈȘȚȈȓȖȊ ȋȖȘȖȌȈ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ Ȋ ǩȍȕȋȈȓȐȐ, ȊȍȟȍȘȖȔ ǷȝȈȓȋțȕȐ ǷțȘȕȐȔȣ 1407 ȋȖȌȈ ȥȘȣ ȀȈȒȈȉȌȈ (ȟȚȖ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȍȚ ȜȍȊȘȈȓȦ 1486 ȋȖȌȈ ȗȖ ȝȘȐșȚȐȈȕșȒȖȔț ȒȈȓȍȕȌȈȘȦ). ǭȋȖ ȖȚȍȞ ȀȘȐ ǬȎȈȋȈȕȕȈȚȝȈ ǴȐȠȘȈ, țȟȍȕȣȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ Ȑȏ ȘȈȑȖȕȈ ǹȐȓȝȍȚ, ȗȘȐȠȍȓ țȟȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗț, șȟȐȚȈȊȠțȦșȧ Ȋ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȞȍȕȚȘȖȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȣ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȎȍȕȐȚȤȉȣ ȕȈ ȀȘȐȔȈȚȐ ȀȈȟȐȌȍȊȐ, ȌȖȟȍȘȐ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǵȐȓȈȔȉȈȘȣ ǿȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ țȟȍȕȖȋȖ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ, Ȗȕ ȕȈȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖșȍȓȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǫȈȕȋȐ. ǻ ǬȎȈȋȈȕȕȈȚȝȐ ǴȐȠȘȣ Ȑ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕȣ ȀȘȐȔȈȚȐ ȀȈȟȐȌȍȊȐ ȘȖȌȐȓȖșȤ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȌȖȟȍȘȍȑ, ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ țȔȍȘȓȐ Ȋ ȘȈȕȕȍȔ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȍ, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ Ȋșȧ ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȤșȒȈȧ ȓȦȉȖȊȤ ȉȣȓȈ ȖȚȌȈȕȈ ȌȊțȔ ȖșȚȈȊȠȐȔșȧ Ȋ ȎȐȊȣȝ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔ, ȀȘȐ ǪȐȠȊȈȘțȗȍ Ȑ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȉȝȈȘȍ. ǬȍșȧȚȣȑ, șȈȔȣȑ ȔȓȈȌȠȐȑ ȘȍȉȍȕȖȒ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǪȐȠȊȈȔȉȝȈȘȈ ȗȖȏȌȕȍȍ șȚȈȓ ȐȏȊȍșȚȍȕ ȒȈȒ ǵȐȔȈȐ ǷȈȕȌȐȚ, Ȉ ȏȈȚȍȔ, ȗȖșȓȍ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȐȧ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȧ - ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȧȊȓȧȓ ǹȊȖȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ șȖȘȖȒȈ ȊȖșȤȔȐ ȓȍȚ Ȑ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȘ Ȋ 1455 ȋȖȌț ȥȘȣ ȀȈȒȈȉȌȈ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ. ǷȍȘȊȣȍ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȋȖȌȈ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȎȐȓ Ȋ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȍ ȒȈȒ țȟȍȕȐȒ Ȑ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕ. ǭȋȖ ȗȍȘȊȖȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ ȉȣȓȈ ȀȘȐȔȈȚȐ dzȈȒȠȔȐȗȘȐȑȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ țȔȍȘȓȈ Ȋ ȘȈȕȕȍȔ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȍ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȖȚȓțȟȒȍ. ǪȍȘȕțȊȠȐșȤ Ȑȏ ǪȖșȚȖȟȕȖȑ ǩȍȕȋȈȓȐȐ, Ƕȕ ȗȖ ȗȘȖșȤȉȍ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ȎȍȕȐȓșȧ ȊȚȖȘȐȟȕȖ. ǪȚȖȘȖȑ ǭȋȖ ȎȍȕȖȑ șȚȈȓȈ ȀȘȐȔȈȚȐ ǪȐȠȕțȗȘȐȑȈ ǬȍȊȐ, ȊșȦ șȊȖȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ șȚȘȈȌȈȊȠȈȧ ȖȚ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ șȈȕȕȤȧșț Ȋ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȍ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȐ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȓȍȚ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȍȑ ȍȌȊȈ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓȖșȤ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ. ǷȘȐȕȧȊ șȈȕȕȤȧșț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖ ȗȘȖșȤȉȍ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ȀȘȐȔȈȚȐ ȀȈȟȐȌȍȊȐ ȖȉȖșȕȖȊȈȓșȧ Ȋ ǬȎȈȋȈȕȕȈȚȝȈ ǷțȘȐ. Ǫ ǷțȘȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖșȚȈȊȈȓșȧ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȐ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȓȍȚ. ȀȍșȚȤ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ Ƕȕ ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȖ șȚȘȈȕșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȗȖ Ȋșȍȑ ǰȕȌȐȐ (ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȗȖ ȍȍ ȦȎȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ), ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌțȧ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȖ Ȑ țȟȍȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ» Ȋ ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ ȒȈȒ Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȒȕȐȋȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȔțȌȘȖșȚȐ ȋȓȈșȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȕțȎȕȖ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȊȐȌȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ǭȋȖ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕț) Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȢȍȒȚȈ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ. ǯȈȚȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȏȈȊȍȘȧȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȉțȌțȚ ȖȋȘȈȎȌȍȕȣ ȖȚ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ, Ȑ ț ȕȐȝ ȕȍ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ Ȍȓȧ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȈ. Dz șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȦ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȗȘȧȔȖȍ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȑ țȟȍȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ», ȔȈȓȖȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȖȠȐȉȖȟȕȖ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ǭȋȖ ȊșȍȋȖ-ȕȈȊșȍȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ, Ȑ, ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȦȚ Ȋ ǵȍȔ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. dzȦȌȍȑ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȣȔȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ, ȊȊȖȌȧȚ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȔȕȖȋȖȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ. ǬȈȎȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ ȕȍȊȍȘȕȖ ȐȕȚȍȘȗȘȍȚȐȘțȦȚ țȟȍȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ». ǷȖșȓȍ țȝȖȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȗȖȧȊȐȓȐșȤ șȖȚȕȐ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȍȊ Ȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», ȕȈȗȐșȈȕȕȣȝ ȥȘțȌȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȔȐ țȟȍȕȣȔȐ, ȕȖ ȗȖȟȚȐ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȗȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ ȒȈȒȐȍ-ȚȖ 11


12 ȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȞȍȓȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț - ȥȚȖ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȚ ȘȈȏ Ƕȕ ȧȊȐȓșȧ ȒȈȒ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȚȤ ȓȦȌȧȔ Ȑ, Ȋ ȟȈșȚȕȖșȚȐ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȔ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȧȔ Ȑ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȈȔ, Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ - ȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ. ǹțȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȐ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȧȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ ȊȖ ǪȘȈȌȎȈȉȝțȔȐ (ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȍ) ȒȈȒ șȣȕ ȞȈȘȧ ǪȘȈȌȎȐ (ǵȈȕȌȣ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ), ȍșȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ƕȕ - ȖȉȢȍȒȚ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ. ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ-ȌȝȈȔȈ ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȕȈ ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȐȔȧ, șȓȈȊȈ, ȜȖȘȔȈ Ȑ ȔȍșȚȖ, ȋȌȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚ ǹȍȉȧ, ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȧȊȓȧȧșȤ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ-ȌȝȈȔȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȚȤșȧ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ, ȒȈȒ Ȑ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǪȣșȖȟȈȑȠțȦ ȜȖȘȔț ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǵȍȔț ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓȐ ȌȍȊțȠȒȐ ǪȘȈȌȎȈȉȝțȔȐ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȍȚȖȌ ȒȈȒ ȕȈȐȊȣșȠțȦ ȜȖȘȔț ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ. Ƕȕ ȊȐȌȐȚ Ȋ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȍ» ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȖȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȍ, ȗȖȔȖȋȈȦȡȍȍ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ țȟȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ - ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȗȘȍȔȣ, ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ, ȒȈȒ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ ȌȈș ǺȝȈȒțȘ, ȀȘȐ dzȖȟȈȕȈ ȌȈș ǺȝȈȒțȘ, ȀȘȐȓȈ DzȘȐȠȕȈȌȈș DzȈȊȐȘȈȌȎȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȀȘȐ DzȈȊȐȒȈȘȕȈȗțȘȈ, ȀȘȐ ǷȘȈȉȖȌȝȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ, ȀȘȐ ǸțȗȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȀȘȐ ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȀȘȐ ǸȈȋȝțȕȈȚȝȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȀȘȐ ǬȎȐȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȀȘȐ ǫȖȗȈȓȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȀȘȐ ǸȈȋȝțȕȈȚȝȈ ȌȈșȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȉ ȏȈ ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȐȍ ȌȊȈ șȚȖȓȍȚȐȧ ȀȘȐ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ǿȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ, ȀȘȐ ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȈ ǪȐȌȑȈȉȝțȠȈȕȈ, ȀȘȐ ȀȑȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȖȚȚȈȔȈ ȌȈș ǺȝȈȒțȘ, ȀȘȐ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȐȕȖȌȈ ǺȝȈȒțȘ, Ȑ, ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ, ȀȘȐ ǩȝȈȒȚȐșȐȌȌȝȈȕȚȈ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ (ȕȈȠ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ) Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȖșȚȈȊȐȓȐ ȖȉȠȐȘȕțȦ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘț Ȗ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȐ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȣ ȕȈ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ, ȒȈȒ ǪȍȌȣ, ǷțȘȈȕȣ, ǻȗȈȕȐȠȈȌȣ, «ǸȈȔȈȑȈȕȈ», «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ», Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȐȧȝ Ȑ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȕȣȝ ȊȣȌȈȦȡȐȔȐșȧ ȈȟȈȘȤȧȔȐ. ǶȕȐ țȕȐȒȈȓȤȕȣ ȗȖ ȒȖȔȗȖȏȐȞȐȐ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ șȍȉȍ ȘȈȊȕȣȝ ȗȖ ȔȈȕȍȘȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȣ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. Dz șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȦ, ȔȐȘ ȌȖ șȐȝ ȗȖȘ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȍȚ Ȗ ȕȐȝ, ȕȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȥȚȐ ȒȕȐȋȐ, ȕȈȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ, ȗȘȍȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ȕȈ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚȍ Ȑ ȉȍȕȋȈȓȐ, șȚȈȕțȚ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȣ ȔȣșȓȧȡȐȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȕȍșȧ șȊȖȑ șȊȍȚ ȔȐȘț, șȓȈȊȈ Ȑ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ ȓȦȉȊȐ ǰȕȌȐȐ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȚșȧ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț ȥȚȖȔț ȗȖȘȖȟȕȖȔț ȔȐȘț, ȚȡȍȚȕȖ ȌȖȉȐȊȈȦȡȍȔțșȧ șȖȋȓȈșȐȧ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȍȕșȚȊȐȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȣȔȐ ȔȍȚȖȌȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȍ ȖȌȖȉȘȍȕȣ ȈȟȈȘȤȧȔȐ, ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȐȔȐ Ȓ ȞȍȗȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǿȐȚȈȚȍȓȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȒȘȈȚȒȖȋȖ ȖȟȍȘȒȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ȐȏȊȓȍȒțȚ Ȍȓȧ șȍȉȧ ȉȖȓȤȠțȦ ȗȖȓȤȏț, ȖȏȕȈȒȖȔȐȊȠȐșȤ ș ȒȕȐȋȈȔȐ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ ȌȈșȈ ǺȝȈȒțȘȈ («ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ») Ȑ ȀȘȐȓȣ DzȘȐȠȕȈȌȈșȈ DzȈȊȐȘȈȌȎȐ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ («ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ-ȟȈȘȐȚȈȔȘȐȚȈ»). ǸȈȕȕȐȍ ȋȖȌȣ ȎȐȏȕȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȟțȌȍșȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȕȣ ȈȊȚȖȘȖȔ «ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȣ», ȟȚȖ Ȏȍ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ǭȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȧ, ȚȖ ȖȕȖ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȧȘȒȖ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȖ Ȋ «ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ-ȟȈȘȐȚȈȔȘȐȚȍ». Ǫ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȕȈȠȍȑ ȒȕȐȋȍ «ǻȟȍȕȐȍ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ» ȖȕȖ șȚȈȓȖ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȖ ȈȕȋȓȖȧȏȣȟȕȣȔ ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȧȔ. ǸȈȕȕȐȍ ȋȖȌȣ ȎȐȏȕȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȗȐșȈȕȣ ȖȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ ǭȋȖ șȈȔȣȝ ȉȓȐȏȒȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ Ȑ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȐȒȖȊ, ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǴțȘȈȘȐ ǫțȗȚȖȑ, Ȋ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒțȦȡȐȔ ȊȘȈȟȖȔ, Ȉ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȏȌȕȐȑ ȗȍȘȐȖȌ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȖșȊȍȡȍȕ ǭȋȖ ȓȐȟȕȣȔ 12


13 șȍȒȘȍȚȈȘȍȔ ȀȘȐ ǬȈȔȖȌȈȘȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ (ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǹȊȈȘțȗȖȑ ǬȈȔȖȌȈȘȖȑ), ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȕȍ ȘȈȏȓțȟȈȓșȧ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ. ȅȚȐ ȌȊȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȖȗȐșȈȓȐ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ Ȋșȍ șȖȉȣȚȐȧ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ țȟȈșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȑ ȊȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȐ ȕȈ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȐȐ ȥȚȐȝ ȒȈȌȈȟ (ȏȈȗȐșȍȑ) ȀȘȐȓȣ ǬȈȔȖȌȈȘȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ǴțȘȈȘȐ ǫțȗȚȣ ȉȣȓȐ șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȣ țȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȍ ȊȣȠȍ ȒȕȐȋȐ, ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ. ǰȚȈȒ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȐȓ ǹȍȉȧ ȊȍȟȍȘȖȔ ǷȝȈȓȋțȕȐ ǷțȘȕȐȔȣ 1407 ȋȖȌȈ ȥȘȣ ȀȈȒȈȉȌȈ. ǷȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȟȍȘ ȉȣȓȖ ȓțȕȕȖȍ ȏȈȚȔȍȕȐȍ. ǶȉȣȟȕȖ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȓțȕȕȖȋȖ ȏȈȚȔȍȕȐȧ ȐȕȌțșȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȊȖȌȈȝ ǫȈȕȋȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȝ ȘȍȒ Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȖȟȐȡȍȕȐȧ ȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȒȖȋȌȈ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȓțȕȕȖȋȖ ȏȈȚȔȍȕȐȧ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ, ȗȖ Ȋșȍȑ ǰȕȌȐȐ ȉȣȓȐ șȓȣȠȕȣ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȍ ȏȊțȒȐ ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǽȈȘȍ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, DzȘȐȠȕȈ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǽȈȘȍ ǽȈȘȍ / ǽȈȘȍ ǸȈȔȈ, ǽȈȘȍ ǸȈȔȈ, ǸȈȔȈ ǸȈȔȈ, ǽȈȘȍ ǽȈȘȍ. ȅȚȐ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȐȔȍȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȦȚșȧ ȊȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ Ȑ ǻȗȈȕȐȠȈȌȈȝ Ȑ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȚȈȘȈȒȈ-ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȕȈȔȖȑ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ. Ǫ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȐȝ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȐȔȍȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȉȍȏ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȗȈȌȠțȦ ȌțȠț Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȐȔȍȕȈȔȐ ȒȈȒ Ȋ ǰȕȌȐȐ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȏȈ ȍȍ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȈȔȐ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȝȖȘȖȠȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȖȉȖȏȕȈȟȈȦȚ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǵȖ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȥȚȐ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȐȔȍȕ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȖȊȈȕȣ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȗȖȝȐ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȐȔȐ Ȑ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȈȟȈȘȤȍȊ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȝ țșȗȍȝȈ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȖȉȓȦȌȍȕȐȦ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ, ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȍȔȣȝ ȠȈșȚȘȈȔȐ (ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔȐ). ǹȖȊȗȈȌȍȕȐȍ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ș ȓțȕȕȣȔ ȏȈȚȔȍȕȐȍȔ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȖșȖȉȣȑ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘ ǭȋȖ ȔȐșșȐȐ. ȅȚȈ ȔȐșșȐȧ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȓȈșȤ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȊȈȎȕȖșȚȤ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȧ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȐȔȍȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ (ȊȍȒ ȘȈȏȌȖȘȖȊ). Ǫ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ ȒȖȕȜȓȐȒȚȣ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȦȚ ȗȖ ȔȈȓȍȑȠȍȔț ȗȖȊȖȌț, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȍȓȧ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȠȈșȚȘȣ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȦȚ țȕȐȊȍȘșȈȓȤȕțȦ ȖșȕȖȊț șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ - ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȍ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȐȔȍȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. dzȦȌȐ ȔȖȋțȚ șȖȉȐȘȈȚȤșȧ ȊȔȍșȚȍ Ȑ ȔȍȓȖȌȐȟȕȣȔ ȗȍȕȐȍȔ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȈ șȊȖȍȔ ȘȖȌȕȖȔ ȧȏȣȒȍ, Ȑ ȍșȓȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȉȍȏ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȑ, ȚȖ șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ țȟȈșȚȕȐȒȐ ȥȚȐȝ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȑ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȕțȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȉȍȋȈȧ Ȓ ȉȖȓȍȍ șțȘȖȊȣȔ ȔȍȚȖȌȈȔ. ǵȈ ȚȈȒȐȝ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȧȝ țȟȍȕȣȍ Ȑ ȋȓțȗȞȣ, ȉȖȋȈȟȐ Ȑ ȉȍȌȕȧȒȐ, ȐȕȌțșȣ Ȑ ȔțșțȓȤȔȈȕȍ, ȈȕȋȓȐȟȈȕȍ Ȑ ȐȕȌȐȑȞȣ, ȟȈȕȌȈȓȣ Ȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ - Ȋșȍ ȔȖȋțȚ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȏȊțȒȐ, ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȖȟȐȡȈȧ ȏȍȘȒȈȓȖ șȊȖȍȋȖ șȍȘȌȞȈ ȖȚ ȗȣȓȐ, ȕȈȒȖȗȐȊȠȍȑșȧ Ȋ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȧ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȍȑ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ ȔȐșșȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȓȦȌȐ ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ȗȘȐȔțȚ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȍȌȐȕțȦ ȖșȕȖȊț ȖȉȡȍȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǰȕȣȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ, șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ȕȐȏȖȠȓȖ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț. ǭȡȍ ȔȓȈȌȍȕȞȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȕȖ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȊȈȓ ȗȓȈȒȈȚȤ, șȚȖȐȓȖ ȖȒȘțȎȈȊȠȐȔ ǭȋȖ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔ ȕȈȟȈȚȤ ȗȍȚȤ șȊȧȚȣȍ ȐȔȍȕȈ Ȑ ȝȓȖȗȈȚȤ Ȋ ȓȈȌȖȠȐ. ǹȖșȍȌȐ ȕȈȉȓȦȌȈȓȐ ȥȚȖ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕȖȍ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ș ȚȘȍȗȍȚȖȔ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȋȖȊȍȕȐȍȔ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ Ȧȕȣȍ ȌȍȊțȠȒȐ ȏȈȉȈȊȓȧȓȐșȤ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ șȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȏȈșȚȈȊȓȧȓȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȓȈȒȈȚȤ, Ȉ ȗȖȚȖȔ țșȗȖȒȈȐȊȈȓȐ ǭȋȖ ȏȊțȒȈȔȐ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ. ǺȈȒ ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȘȈȕȕȍȋȖ ȌȍȚșȚȊȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȟȈȓ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȊȈȎȕȖșȚȤ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȧ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ. Ǫ ȘȈȕȕȐȍ ȋȖȌȣ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ȉȣȓ ȐȏȊȍșȚȍȕ ȗȖȌ ȐȔȍȕȍȔ ǵȐȔȈȐ. ȅȚȖ ȐȔȧ ȌȈȓȈ ǭȔț ȓȦȉȧȡȈȧ ȔȈȚȤ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ȗȖȌ ȌȍȘȍȊȖȔ ȕȐȔȉȈ, ȘȖșȠȐȔ ȊȖ ȌȊȖȘȍ ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȤșȒȖȋȖ ȌȖȔȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȋ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȍ ȠȍșȚȐ ȔȍșȧȞȍȊ ȗȘȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȐȐ ȖȉȘȧȌȈ ȈȕȕȈ-ȗȘȈȠȈȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌț 13


14 ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓȐ ȚȊȍȘȌțȦ ȗȐȡț, Ƕȕ ȌȈȓ ȏȕȈȚȤ Ȗ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȉțȌțȡȍȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȖȉȘȧȌȈ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȚȤ ȘȍȉȍȕȒț ȕȈ ȊȣȉȖȘ ȔȖȕȍȚȣ Ȑ ȒȕȐȋȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ Ȗ ȍȋȖ ȉțȌțȡȐȝ ȕȈȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȧȝ. ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȗȖȌȕȍșȓȐ ș ȖȌȕȖȑ șȚȖȘȖȕȣ ȔȖȕȍȚȣ, Ȉ ș ȌȘțȋȖȑ - «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȣȉȘȈȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȍȡȍ ȔȓȈȌȍȕȞȍȔ Ȑ ȗȖȓȏȈȓ ȗȖ ȌȊȖȘț, ȗȖȧȊȐȓȈșȤ ȏȔȍȧ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȚȈȓ ȐȋȘȈȚȤ ș ȕȍȑ. Ǫșȍ ȌȖȔȖȟȈȌȞȣ Ȋ țȎȈșȍ ȏȈȔȍȘȓȐ, ȕȖ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȏȔȍȧ țȗȖȓȏȓȈ, Ȑ ȔȈȚȤ țȕȍșȓȈ ȔȓȈȌȍȕȞȈ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ȊȖȘ Ȑ, ȕȈȔȍȘȍȊȈȧșȤ țȒȘȈșȚȤ ǭȋȖ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȐȧ, ȐșȒȈȓ țȒȘȖȔȕȖȋȖ ȔȍșȚȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȏȍ ș țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍȔ ȗȘȖȒȈȚȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȗȓȍȟȈȝ ȊȖȘȈ. ǷȖȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖ ȏȈȉȓțȌȐȊȠȐȑșȧ ȊȖȘ, șȉȐȊȠȐșȤ ș ȗțȚȐ, Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ ȖȟțȚȐȓșȧ ȗȘȧȔȖ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȌȖȔȖȔ ǬȎȈȋȈȕȕȈȚȝȐ ǴȐȠȘȣ. ǰșȗțȋȈȊȠȐșȤ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȑȔȈȦȚ, Ȗȕ ȉȘȖșȐȓ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȈ. ǪșȚȘȍȊȖȎȍȕȕȣȍ ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȐ Ȑ ȉȓȐȏȒȐȍ, ȘȈȏțȔȍȍȚșȧ, ȉȣȓȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈȌȣ ȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȘȍȉȍȕȖȒ ȕȈȠȍȓșȧ. DzȈȒ-ȚȖ ȘȈȏ Ȋ ȌȖȔȍ ǬȎȈȋȈȕȕȈȚȝȐ ǴȐȠȘȣ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȓȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ-ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȒȈ, Ȑ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȚȖȚ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȓ ȗȐȡț ǩȖȋț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ Ȑ ȗȖȗȘȖȉȖȊȈȓ ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȉȓȦȌȈ. ǷȐȡț ȗȘȐȠȓȖșȤ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȚȤ ȕȍȋȖȌȕȖȑ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȍȍ țȎȍ ȒȖșȕțȓșȧ ȘȍȉȍȕȖȒ, Ȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȊȣȕțȎȌȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȋȖȚȖȊȐȚȤ ȏȈȕȖȊȖ. ǵȖ Ȑ ȊȖ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ ȘȈȏ ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȓȖ ȚȖ Ȏȍ șȈȔȖȍ, Ȉ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȥȚȖ șȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ Ȑ Ȋ ȚȘȍȚȐȑ ȘȈȏ, ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ, ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ, țȓȖȎȐȓȐ Ȋ ȗȖșȚȍȓȤ. ǶȒȖȓȖ ȗȖȓțȕȖȟȐ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȋșȍ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȐ ȌȖȔȈ ȒȘȍȗȒȖ șȗȈȓȐ, ȏȈȒȘȣȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȒȖȔȕȈȚȈȝ, Ȉ șȚȘȈȕșȚȊțȦȡȐȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȓ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊț ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȓȍȕȕțȦ ȗȐȡț, ȗȍȘȍȌ ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȒȖȔ, ȒȈȒ Ȑ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ, ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒ-ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȑ șȕȖȊȈ ȐșȗȖȘȚȐȓ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȏȈȗȓȈȒȈȓ, ȕȖ ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȋșȍ ȒȘȍȗȒȖ șȗȈȓȐ, ȍȋȖ ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ țșȓȣȠȈȓ. ǵȈ ȥȚȖȚ ȘȈȏ ȘȍȉȍȕȖȒ-ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȈșȒȘȣȓ țȌȈȟȓȐȊȖȔț ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕț ǹȊȖȍ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȖ ș ǹȈȔȐȔ DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ. ǯȈȗȘȍȚȐȊ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕț ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ Ȗ șȓțȟȐȊȠȍȔșȧ, ȔȈȓȣȠ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ șȗȈȚȤ Ȓ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ. Ǫ ȌȍȚșȚȊȍ ș ǵȐȔ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȓȖ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ șȓțȟȈȍȊ. DzȈȒ ȖȏȖȘȕȖȑ ȘȍȉȍȕȖȒ, Ƕȕ ȓȦȉȐȓ ȗȖȌȘȈȏȕȐȚȤ ȖȘȚȖȌȖȒșȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȗȖ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȐȦ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȊȠȐȝ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ǫȈȕȋȍ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȎȈȓȖȊȈȓȐșȤ ǭȋȖ ȖȚȞț, ȟȚȖ, ȊȔȍșȚȖ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȍȡȈȚȤ ȠȒȖȓț, Ƕȕ ȠȈȓȐȚ Ȋ ȘȍȒȍ, ȉȘȣȏȋȈȧ ȕȈ ȕȐȝ ȊȖȌȖȑ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȗȖȧȊȓȧȓșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȖȚȞȖȔ Ȋ ȠȒȖȓȤȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ Ȑ ș ȒȕȐȋȈȔȐ, ȒȈȒ ȉțȌȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȚȖ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ Ȑȏ ȠȒȖȓȣ. ǻ ȋȝȈȚȣ (ȔȍșȚȈ Ȍȓȧ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȧ) Ƕȕ ȟȈșȚȖ ȗȖȌȠțȟȐȊȈȓ ȕȈȌ șȖșȍȌșȒȐȔȐ ȌȍȊțȠȒȈȔȐ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȊȠȐȔȐșȧ ȀȐȊȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȋȖ ȔțȎȈ. ȅȚȖȚ ȖȉȣȟȈȑ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕ șȘȍȌȐ ȕȍȏȈȔțȎȕȐȝ ȌȍȊțȠȍȒ Ȋ ȐȕȌțșșȒȐȝ șȍȔȤȧȝ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȐ ȥȚȖȚ ȖȉȘȧȌ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȘȈșȠȈȓȐȊȠȐșȤ, ȗȖȧȊȓȧȓșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔȐ, ȋȖȊȖȘȧ: «ǴȖȐ ȌȖȘȖȋȐȍ șȍșȚȘȣ, ȓțȟȠȍ ȖȚȌȈȑȚȍ Ǵȕȍ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȋȣ ȗȘȐȕȍșȓȐ Ȍȓȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȐȊȣ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ - ǴȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, Ȉ ǷȈȘȊȈȚȐ - ǴȖȧ șȓțȎȈȕȒȈ. Ǫȣ ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȚȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ, ȍșȓȐ șȚȈȕȍȚȍ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ Ǵȕȍ». ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȖȚȒȈȏȣȊȈȓȐșȤ ȗȖȊȐȕȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȘȈșȠȈȓȐȊȠȍȔțșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȒȓȐȕȈȓ Ȑȝ. ǯȈ șȊȖȑ ȖȚȒȈȏ ȖȕȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ Ȋ ȔțȎȤȧ șȚȈȘȐȒȖȊ, ȐȔȍȦȡȐȝ ȗȖ șȍȔȍȘȖ ȌȍȚȍȑ ȖȚ ȗȘȍȎȕȐȝ Ȏȍȕ. ǬȍȊțȠȒȐ - ȒȚȖ Ȑȏ șȚȘȈȝȈ, ȒȚȖ Ȑȏ ȓȦȉȊȐ - ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȓȐ ǭȔț ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȌȈȘȣ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȓȧȓ Ȑȝ, ȏȈȊȍȘȧȧ, ȟȚȖ ȐȔ ȌȖșȚȈȕțȚșȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȍ ȔȖȓȖȌȣȍ ȔțȎȤȧ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȘȖȌȧȚ ȗȖ ȌȦȎȐȕȍ ȌȍȚȍȑ. ȅȚȖ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȊȖȖȌțȠȍȊȓȧȓȖ ȌȍȊțȠȍȒ, ȕȖ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȖȕȐ ȟȈșȚȖ ȎȈȓȖȊȈȓȐșȤ șȊȖȐȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȧȔ ȕȈ ǭȋȖ ȠȈȓȖșȚȐ. ǺȈȒ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓȖ ȘȈȕȕȍȍ ȌȍȚșȚȊȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǭȔț ȍȌȊȈ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȓȖșȤ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȓȍȚ, Ƕȕ ȖȚȒȘȣȓ ǹȊȖȦ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȟȈȚțȠȗȈȚȝȐ (șȍȓȤșȒțȦ ȠȒȖȓț, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔțȦ 14


15 țȟȍȕȣȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ). Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȠȒȖȓȍ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȈ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȧȝ ȗȖ ȋȘȈȔȔȈȚȐȒȍ Ƕȕ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȓ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȀȘȐȓȈ ǬȎȐȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȊȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȐ șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ țȟȍȉȕȐȒ ȗȖ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚșȒȖȑ ȋȘȈȔȔȈȚȐȒȍ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȓȐșȤ ȕȈ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȈȝ șȖ șȊȧȚȣȔȐ ȐȔȍȕȈȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȐȔ țȟȍȉȕȐȒȖȔ ȗȖȓȤȏțȦȚșȧ Ȑ ȌȖ șȐȝ ȗȖȘ. Ƕȕ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǽȈȘȐ-ȕȈȔȈȔȘȐȚȈ-ȊȑȈȒȈȘȈȕȈ» Ȑ ȊȒȓȦȟȍȕ Ȋ ȗȘȖȋȘȈȔȔț ȉȍȕȋȈȓȤșȒȐȝ ȠȒȖȓ. Ǫ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȋ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗț Ȍȓȧ țȟȈșȚȐȧ Ȋ ȌȐșȗțȚȈȝ ȗȖ ȠȈșȚȘȈȔ ȗȘȐȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȒȈȠȔȐȘșȒȐȑ țȟȍȕȣȑ DzȍȠȈȊȈ DzȈȠȔȐȘȐ. DzȈȠȔȐȘșȒȐȑ ȗȈȕȌȐȚ șȟȐȚȈȓșȧ ȕȍȗȖȉȍȌȐȔȣȔ țȟȍȕȣȔ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȉȣȊȈȓ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȍșȚȈȝ ǰȕȌȐȐ, șȓȈȊȐȊȠȐȝșȧ șȊȖȍȑ țȟȍȕȖșȚȤȦ, Ȑ ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȋ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȔȍȘȐȚȤșȧ șȐȓȈȔȐ ș ȔȍșȚȕȣȔȐ ȗȈȕȌȐȚȈȔȐ. ǷȈȕȌȐȚȣ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ ȘȍȠȐȓȐ ȊȣșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȗȘȖȚȐȊ ȒȈȠȔȐȘșȒȖȋȖ ȗȈȕȌȐȚȈ ǵȐȔȈȐ ǷȈȕȌȐȚȈ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑț), ȘȈșșțȌȐȊ, ȟȚȖ, ȍșȓȐ ǵȐȔȈȐ ǷȈȕȌȐȚ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȖȉȍȎȌȍȕ, ț ȕȐȝ ȖșȚȈȕȍȚșȧ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ șȘȈȏȐȚȤșȧ ș țȟȍȕȣȔ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǵȐȔȈȐ ǷȈȕȌȐȚ ȉȣȓ ȍȡȍ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȖȔ. ǭșȓȐ Ȏȍ ȒȈȠȔȐȘșȒȐȑ ȗȈȕȌȐȚ ȗȖȚȍȘȗȐȚ ȗȖȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ, ȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ țȔȕȖȎȐȚ Ȑȝ șȓȈȊț, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȓȦȌȐ șȚȈȕțȚ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖșȚȖȑ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒ Ȑȏ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ ȖȌȖȓȍȓ ȕȍȗȖȉȍȌȐȔȖȋȖ țȟȍȕȖȋȖ, ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖȋȖ Ȋșȍȑ ǰȕȌȐȐ. ǹȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖ ǵȐȔȈȐ ǷȈȕȌȐȚ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓ DzȍȠȈȊț DzȈȠȔȐȘȐ, ȋțȓȧȧ ȗȖ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǫȈȕȋȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȊȖșȗȍȚȤ ǫȈȕȋț Ȋ șȚȐȝȈȝ ȕȈ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚȍ, Ȑ ȗȈȕȌȐȚ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȕȖ șȖȟȐȕȐȓ șȚȖ ȠȓȖȒ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȚȈȓ Ȑȝ șȖ șȒȖȘȖșȚȤȦ țȘȈȋȈȕȈ, ȗȘȖȌȍȔȖȕșȚȘȐȘȖȊȈȊ șȊȖȦ ȕȍȏȈțȘȧȌȕțȦ țȟȍȕȖșȚȤ. ǵȐȔȈȐ ǷȈȕȌȐȚ ș ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȈ ȉȍȏȖȠȐȉȖȟȕȖ ȏȈȗȖȔȕȐȓ ȕȈȐȏțșȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȠȓȖȒȐ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȞȐȚȐȘȖȊȈȓ ȠȍșȚȤȌȍșȧȚ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚțȦ ȠȓȖȒț Ȑ țȒȈȏȈȓ ȕȈ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȘȐȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȍ Ȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȕȣȍ ȗȖȋȘȍȠȕȖșȚȐ Ȋ ȕȍȑ. Ǫ ȟȈșȚȕȖșȚȐ, Ƕȕ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȋ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȦ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖșȚȤ țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȐȧ ȗȈȕȌȐȚȖȔ șȓȖȊ ȉȝȈȊȈȕȐ-ȉȝȈȘȚțȝ, șȒȈȏȈȊ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȚȈȊȚȖȓȖȋȐȧ. ǩȝȈȊȈȕȐ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȎȍȕȈ ȀȐȊȣ», ȚȈȒ ȒȚȖ Ȏȍ ȍȡȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȍȍ ȉȝȈȘȚȖȑ, ȔțȎȍȔ? Ƕȕ ȖȚȔȍȚȐȓ ȍȡȍ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȍȚȖȟȕȖșȚȍȑ, Ȑ ȒȈȠȔȐȘșȒȐȑ țȟȍȕȣȑ ȖșȚȖȓȉȍȕȍȓ ȖȚ țȌȐȊȓȍȕȐȧ. ǭȋȖ ȗȖȘȈȏȐȓȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖșȚȖȑ șȚțȌȍȕȚ, ȐȏțȟȈȦȡȐȑ ȋȘȈȔȔȈȚȐȒț, șȔȖȋ ȏȈȔȍȚȐȚȤ șȚȐȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȖȠȐȉȒȐ ț ȥȘțȌȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȖȋȖ țȟȍȕȖȋȖ. ǽȖȚȧ ȥȚȖ șȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ ȍȡȍ ȌȖ ȗțȉȓȐȟȕȖȑ ȊșȚȘȍȟȐ, ȊȍșȚȤ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ ș ȔȖȓȕȐȍȕȖșȕȖȑ șȒȖȘȖșȚȤȦ ȖȉȓȍȚȍȓȈ ȊșȦ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗț. DzȖȕȟȐȓȖșȤ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ, ȉȖȋȐȕȧ țȟȍȕȖșȚȐ, ȧȊȐȊȠȐșȤ DzȍȠȈȊȍ DzȈȠȔȐȘȐ ȊȖ șȕȍ, ȊȍȓȍȓȈ ȍȔț ȗȖȒȖȘȐȚȤșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȑ ȗȈȕȌȐȚ Ȑȏ DzȈȠȔȐȘȈ șȚȈȓ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǯȈȚȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȍșȍȓȖ Ȑ ș ȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ ȗȣȠȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȚȗȘȈȏȌȕȖȊȈȓ ǹȊȖȦ șȊȈȌȤȉț Ȑ ș ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȕȈȟȈȓ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȍ șȖȊȔȍșȚȕȖȍ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȍ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȏȈȊȐȌȖȊȈȓȐ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȗțȓȧȘȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ șȚȘȖȐȓȐ ǭȔț ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȒȖȏȕȐ. ǰȝ ȏȈȊȐșȚȤ ȌȖȠȓȈ ȌȖ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ ș ȎȈȓȖȉȖȑ Ȓ ȔțșțȓȤȔȈȕșȒȖȔț șțȌȤȍ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ. ǩȍȕȋȈȓȐȍȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȐ ȗȈȚȈȕȣ,* Ȑ ȋțȉȍȘȕȈȚȖȘȖȔ ȗȘȖȊȐȕȞȐȐ ȉȣȓ ǵȈȉȖȉ ǽțșșȍȑȕ ȀȈȝ. ǹțȌȤȧ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ ȖȚȕȍșșȧ Ȓ ȎȈȓȖȉȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȗȘȍȌțȗȘȍȌȐȓ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ ǵȐȔȈȐ ǷȈȕȌȐȚȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȗȍȓȐ ȐȔȧ ǽȈȘȐ ȋȘȖȔȒȖ. ǵȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ Ȋȍȓȍȓ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȚȤșȧ ȗȘȐȒȈȏț DzȈȏȐ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ, ȒȈȒ ȕȐ Ȋ ȟȍȔ ȕȍ ȉȣȊȈȓȖ, ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓȐ ȗȘȖȊȖȌȐȚȤ țȓȐȟȕȣȍ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ (ȗȍȕȐȧ). ǺȖȋȌȈ șțȌȤȧ ȗȖșȓȈȓ șȚȘȈȎȕȐȒȖȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȍȘȊȈȓȐ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕț, ȘȈȏȉȐȊ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȔȘȐȌȈȕȋ (ȉȈȘȈȉȈȕȖȊ). DzȖȋȌȈ ǵȐȔȈȐ ǷȈȕȌȐȚ țȏȕȈȓ Ȗ șȓțȟȐȊȠȍȔșȧ, Ƕȕ ȖȘȋȈȕȐȏȖȊȈȓ ȒȈȔȗȈȕȐȦ ȋȘȈȎȌȈȕșȒȖȋȖ ȕȍȗȖȊȐȕȖȊȍȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒ Ƕȕ șȚȈȓ ȖșȕȖȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȐȒȖȔ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȋȘȈȎȌȈȕșȒȖȋȖ ȕȍȗȖȊȐȕȖȊȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ǰȕȌȐȐ Ȋ ȉȖȘȤȉȍ ȏȈ ȗȘȈȊȖȍ ȌȍȓȖ. Ƕȕ ȖȘȋȈȕȐȏȖȊȈȓ ȠȍșȚȊȐȍ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȗȘȐȕȧȓȐ țȟȈșȚȐȍ șȚȖ Țȣșȧȟ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ș ȚȣșȧȟȈȔȐ ȔȘȐȌȈȕȋ Ȑ ȒȈȘȈȚȈȓȖȊ (Șțȟȕȣȝ ȞȐȔȉȈȓ), Ȑ ȥȚȈ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȐȧ ȗȘȖȠȓȈ ȗȖ țȓȐȞȈȔ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ, ȌȍȔȖȕșȚȘȐȘțȧ ȕȍȗȖȊȐȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ țȒȈȏȈȔ DzȈȏȐ. ǵȈȒȖȕȍȞ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȐȧ ȌȖșȚȐȋȓȈ ȌȖȔȈ 15


16 DzȈȏȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ Ȑȏ șȚȘȈȝȈ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȑ ȚȖȓȗȖȑ țȒȘȣȓșȧ ȕȈ ȊȍȘȝȕȍȔ ȥȚȈȎȍ ȌȖȔȈ. dzȦȌȐ, șȖȉȘȈȊȠȐȍșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȌȖȔȖȔ DzȈȏȐ, ȉȣȓȐ ȕȈșȚȘȖȍȕȣ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȖȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȏȊȈȓ Ȑȝ Ȓ șȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȐȦ. ǺȖȋȌȈ DzȈȏȐ șȗțșȚȐȓșȧ ȊȕȐȏ Ȑ ȗȖȗȣȚȈȓșȧ țȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȖȉȘȈȚȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȓ ǵȍȔț ȒȈȒ Ȓ șȊȖȍȔț ȗȓȍȔȧȕȕȐȒț. Ƕȕ ȏȈȔȍȚȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ǵȐȓȈȔȉȈȘȈ ǿȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȍȔț ȌȧȌȍȑ, șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȔȈȚȤ ǵȐȔȈȐ ǷȈȕȌȐȚȈ, ȀȘȐȔȈȚȐ ȀȈȟȐȌȍȊȐ, - ȍȋȖ ȌȊȖȦȘȖȌȕȈȧ șȍșȚȘȈ. DzȈȏȐ șȗȘȖșȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȓȐ șȣȕ ȍȋȖ șȍșȚȘȣ ȋȕȍȊȈȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȌȧȌȦ ȗȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ, ȕȈ ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȘȈȏ țȎ DzȈȏȐ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ǭȔț ȌȧȌȍȑ, Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȗȓȍȔȧȕȕȐȒȈ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȌȖȔȍ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȖȉșȚȈȕȖȊȒȈ ȘȈȏȘȧȌȐȓȈșȤ, Ȑ ȔȍȎȌț ȌȊțȔȧ ȥȘțȌȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȔȐ țȟȍȕȣȔȐ ȏȈȊȧȏȈȓȈșȤ ȌȖȓȋȈȧ ȉȍșȍȌȈ Ȗ DzȖȘȈȕȍ Ȑ ȐȕȌțȐșȚșȒȐȝ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȏȈȌȈȓ ȊȖȗȘȖș Ȗȉ țȉȐȑșȚȊȍ ȒȖȘȖȊ, Ȑ DzȈȏȐ ȖȚȊȍȟȈȓ ǭȔț ȒȈȒ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȖ, șșȣȓȈȧșȤ ȕȈ DzȖȘȈȕ, Ȑ Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ șȗȘȖșȐȓ Ȗ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȔ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ ȒȖȘȖȊ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ, șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ǪȍȌȈȔ, ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ țȉȐȑșȚȊȖȔ. ǹȚȈȘȖȋȖ ȉȣȒȈ ȐȓȐ ȒȖȘȖȊț ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȚ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȐȓȖȑ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ ȌȈȚȤ ȐȔ ȔȖȓȖȌȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ. ǵȖ Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț ȚȈȒȐȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȒȖȘȖȊ ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕȣ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȕȍȚ ȒȊȈȓȐȜȐȞȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȝ Ȑȝ ȗȘȖȊȖȌȐȚȤ. ǷȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕȣ Ȋșȍ ȑȈȌȎȕȣ (ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ), ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȋ ȘțȒȈȝ ț ȋȓțȗȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȥȚȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ țȚȘȈȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȊșȧȒȐȑ șȔȣșȓ. Ǫ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț Ȍȓȧ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȓȦȉȣȝ Ȟȍȓȍȑ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȈ ȑȈȌȎȕȈ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ țȉȍȌȐȓ DzȈȏȐ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ șȚȈȓ ǭȋȖ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȔ. DzȈȏȐ ȖȉȢȧȊȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ș ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȗȘȈȊȈ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȦ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ, ȕȈȟȈȚȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, Ȑ ȏȈȊȍȡȈȓ ȥȚȖ șȊȖȐȔ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈȔ. Ǫ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȍ șȖȝȘȈȕȐȓȈșȤ ȔȖȋȐȓȈ DzȈȏȐ, Ȑ ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȒȐ-ȐȕȌțșȣ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ ȚțȌȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȚȤșȧ ȍȔț. Ǫ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȍ Ȑ ȗȖȕȣȕȍ ȎȐȊțȚ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȐ DzȈȏȐ, Ȑ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ, ȌȈȎȍ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȐȕȌȖ-ȔțșțȓȤȔȈȕșȒȐȝ șȚȖȓȒȕȖȊȍȕȐȑ, ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȍ. * ǷȈȚȈȕȣ - ȐȕȌȐȑșȒȖȍ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ Ȑȏ ȈȜȋȈȕșȒȐȝ ȗȓȍȔȍȕ. (ȗȘȐȔ.ȗȍȘ.) ȅȚȖȚ șȓțȟȈȑ ȌȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȔ «ȘȖȉȒȐȔ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ». ǪȈȑȠȕȈȊ - ȥȚȖ ȉȍșșȚȘȈȠȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ȗȘȈȊȖȋȖ ȌȍȓȈ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȞȍȓȐ ȋȖȚȖȊ ȕȈ Ȋșȍ. ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȉȣȓ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȑ ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȕȖ șȘȈȎȈȓșȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȊȖȓȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪȈȌȎȘȈȕȋȈȌȎȐ (ǽȈȕțȔȈȕ) ȚȖȎȍ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǸȈȔȣ Ȑ ȗȘȖțȟȐȓ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ - ȗȘȐșȗȍȠȕȐȒȖȊ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ. ǷȘȐȕȞȐȗ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȐȏȔȈ - țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊșȍȔȐ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǷȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊ ȔȐȘȖȓȦȉȐȊ, ȕȍ șȒȓȖȕȍȕ Ȓ ȕȈșȐȓȐȦ Ȑ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȊșȍȔȐ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȧȔȐ, ȗȘȐșțȡȐȔȐ ǩȖȋț, ȕȖ ȍșȓȐ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȧȍȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȐȓȐ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȗȖȚȍȘȗȐȚ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȑ ȌȍȘȏȖșȚȐ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȓțȟȈȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȚȈȓ ȍȡȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȟȕȍȍ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ǹȊȖȦ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȌȝȈȘȔț - ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ, Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȐȓșȧ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȦ ȑțȋȈȌȝȈȘȔȣ (ȌȝȈȘȔȣ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȋ ȥȚț ȥȗȖȝț), ȗȖȕȍș ȚȖ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȖȍ ȏȈșȓțȎȍȕȕȖȍ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ. ǬȊȖȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ - ǿȈȗȈȓȈ Ȑ ǫȖȗȈȓȈ, ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȊȠȐȍșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȌȧȌȤȧȔȐ ȗȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȕșȒȖȑ ȓȐȕȐȐ, ȉȣȓȐ Ȋ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ ȗȖȘȈȎȍȕȣ ȗȘȖȒȈȏȖȑ, ȕȖ ȗȖȏȎȍ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȐ ȘȈșȒȈȧȓȐșȤ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖșȚȐȓ Ȑȝ. Ǫ ȝȖȌȍ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȍȎȍȌȕȍȊȕȖ ȗȖșȣȓȈȓ Ȋșȍȝ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ȀȘȐȓț ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌț ǷȘȈȉȝț Ȑ ǺȝȈȒțȘȈ ǽȈȘȐȌȈșȈ, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȊȠȐȝ ǭȋȖ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ, ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȔ ȌȖȔȍ. ǭȋȖ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ ȖȝȊȈȚȐȓȖ ȊșȦ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗț, Ȉ ȠȚȈȉ-ȒȊȈȘȚȐȘȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȚȈȓȐ ȌȖȔȈ ǭȋȖ ȉȓȐȎȈȑȠȐȝ 16


17 țȟȍȕȐȒȖȊ-ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȍȊ: ȀȘȐȊȈșȣ ǺȝȈȒțȘȈ Ȑ ȀȘȐ ǨȌȊȈȐȚȣ ǷȘȈȉȝț. ȅȚȐ șȓȈȊȐȊȠȐȍșȧ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌȐȚȍȓȐ ȖȉȡȐȕȣ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ ȉȣȓȐ șȈȔȣȔȐ ȘȍȊȕȖșȚȕȣȔȐ șȚȖȘȖȕȕȐȒȈȔȐ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ. ǰȔȍȕȕȖ ȀȘȐ ǨȌȊȈȐȚȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț ȉȣȓ ȋȓȈȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪȐȌȧ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȕȍ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖ, ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȦȡȍȍ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ, Ƕȕ Ȑȏ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȋȖ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȓ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊț, ȐȏȕȣȊȈȦȡȍȔț ȗȖȌ ȉȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ, ȋȖȘȧȟȖ ȔȖȓȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȐȏȖȑȚȐ Ȑ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ ǭȔț, ȗȖȌȕȖșȧ ȊȖȌț Ȑȏ ǫȈȕȋȐ Ȑ ȓȐșȚȤȧ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȌȍȘȍȊȈ ȚțȓȈșȐ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȋ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȐ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ, ȚȖ, șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȍȎȍȌȕȍȊȕȖ țȟȈșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ȕȍȑ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ, ȗȘȖȝȖȌȧ ȗȖ ȋȓȈȊȕȖȑ țȓȐȞȍ ȋȖȘȖȌȈ, ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț Ȑ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǽȈȘȐȌȈș ǺȝȈȒțȘ țȊȐȌȍȓȐ ȊȖȏȉțȎȌȍȕȕțȦ ȚȖȓȗț ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǸȈșșȗȘȖșȐȊ ȗȘȖȝȖȎȐȝ, ȖȕȐ țȏȕȈȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȌȊȈ ȉȘȈȚȈ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȎȈȋȈȐ Ȑ ǴȈȌȝȈȐ, ȕȈȗȐȊȠȐșȤ, ȕȈȘțȠȈȓȐ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȖȘȧȌȖȒ. ǶȕȐ ȚȈȒȎȍ țșȓȣȠȈȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȖȉȈ ȉȘȈȚȈ ȘȖȌȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȕȖȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕșȒȖȑ șȍȔȤȍ, ȕȖ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȌțȘȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ șȈȔȣȝ ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȐȝ ȘȈșȗțȚȕȐȒȖȊ. ǶȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȤȧȕȐȞȈȔȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȔȧșȖȍȌȈȔȐ, ȖȝȖȚȕȐȒȈȔȐ ȏȈ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ, ȉȈȕȌȐȚȈȔȐ, ȗȖȋȘȧȏȠȐȔȐ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȋȘȍȝȈȝ. ǪȣșȓțȠȈȊ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣ Ȗ ȕȐȝ, ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț ȘȍȠȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȐ ȌȊȍ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ Ȋ ȗȍȘȊțȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ ȕțȎȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ șȗȈșȍȕȐȐ. ǭșȓȐ ȖȕȐ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȕțȚ ȋȘȍȠȐȚȤ, ȥȚȖ ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȚ ȌȖȉȘȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ. ǹ ȥȚȐȔȐ ȔȣșȓȧȔȐ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț Ȑ ǽȈȘȐȌȈș ȗȘȖȉȐȓȐșȤ șȒȊȖȏȤ ȚȖȓȗț Ȑ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓȐ ȉȘȈȚȤȍȊ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǽȈȘȐ. ǵȖ Țȍ ȖȚ Ȑȝ ȗȘȖșȤȉȣ ȗȘȐȠȓȐ Ȋ ȧȘȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȖȉȘțȠȐȓȐ ȕȈ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌț ǷȘȈȉȝț ȗȖȚȖȒ ȋȘȧȏȕȣȝ ȘțȋȈȚȍȓȤșȚȊ. ǩȘȈȚȤȧ ȌȖȓȋȖ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ Ȑȝ. ǪȍȟȍȘȖȔ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȉȣȓ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕ ȖȚȟȍȚ Ȗ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȘȈȌ țȏȕȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ Ȑ ǽȈȘȐȌȈșȈ ȗȣȚȈȓȐșȤ șȗȈșȚȐ ȥȚȐȝ ȋȓțȗȞȖȊ. ǵȈ ȌȘțȋȖȑ ȌȍȕȤ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț ȘȍȠȐȓ ȕȈȊȍșȚȐȚȤ ȉȘȈȚȤȍȊ, ȕȖ ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȓșȧ Ȓ ȕȐȔ, ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȏȈȗțșȚȐȓ Ȋ ǵȍȋȖ ȖȉȓȖȔȒȖȔ ȋȓȐȕȧȕȖȋȖ ȋȖȘȠȒȈ. ǶȉȓȖȔȖȒ ȗȖȗȈȓ ǭȔț Ȋ ȓȖȉ, Ȑ Ȑȏ ȘȈȕȣ ȝȓȣȕțȓȈ ȒȘȖȊȤ. ǵȖ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț ȉȣȓ ȚȈȒ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȌțȠȍȕ, ȟȚȖ, ȊȔȍșȚȖ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȖȏȔțȚȐȚȤșȧ ȥȚȐȔ ȋȕțșȕȣȔ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȔ, șȒȈȏȈȓ: «ǷțșȚȤ Țȣ ȉȘȖșȐȓ Ȋ Ǵȍȕȧ ȒȈȔȍȕȤ, ȕȖ ȇ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȗȘȖȠț Țȍȉȧ: ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȑ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǽȈȘȐ!» ǬȎȈȋȈȐ, ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȉȘȈȚȤȍȊ, ȉȣȓ ȗȖȚȘȧșȍȕ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍȔ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȣ ǷȘȈȉȝț Ȑ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȗȘȐȗȈȓ Ȓ ǭȋȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ, ȔȖȓȧ ȗȘȖșȚȐȚȤ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȋȘȍȠȕȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȚȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ ǴȈȌȝȈȐ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȗȖȗȣȚȈȓșȧ țȌȈȘȐȚȤ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌț ǷȘȈȉȝț, ǬȎȈȋȈȐ ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȐȓ ȍȋȖ Ȑ șȚȈȓ țȔȖȓȧȚȤ ȗȈșȚȤ Ȋ ȕȖȋȐ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȍ ǷȘȈȉȝț. ǺȍȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ ȊȍșȚȤ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ȘȈȕȍȕ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȓȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ Ƕȕ Ȋ ȋȕȍȊȍ ȗȖșȗȍȠȐȓ Ȓ ȔȍșȚț ȗȘȖȐșȠȍșȚȊȐȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȗȘȐȏȊȈȓ ǹȊȖȦ ȟȈȒȘț ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕț (ȋȓȈȊȕȖȍ ȖȘțȎȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȐȔȍȦȡȍȍ ȜȖȘȔț ȌȐșȒȈ) Ȑ ȝȖȚȍȓ țȉȐȚȤ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒȖȊ, ȕȖ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț ȕȈȗȖȔȕȐȓ ǭȔț Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȔȐșșȐȐ: ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȚȤ Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț ȉȍȏȕȈȌȍȎȕȖ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ. ǩȘȈȚȤȧ Ȏȍ, ǬȎȈȋȈȐ Ȑ ǴȈȌȝȈȐ, ȉȣȓȐ ȚȐȗȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȗȈȌȠȐȝ. ǬȍȊȧȕȖșȚȖ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȋ ȥȚț ȥȗȖȝț, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȈȘȐșȚȖȒȘȈȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣ ȥȚȐȔ ȉȘȈȚȤȧȔ. Ǫ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȦȦ ȥȗȖȝț ȓȦȌȐ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȉțȌțȚ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȚȤ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȐȝ ȠțȌȘ Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȕȐȏȒȐȔȐ. ǹȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖȚȔȍȚȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȊȈȓ ȠȈȉȓȖȕȕȖȑ ȒȈșȚȖȊȖȑ șȐșȚȍȔȣ ș 17


18 ȍȍ ȕȈșȓȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȗȘȐȊȐȓȍȋȐȧȔȐ. ǵȈȗȘȖȚȐȊ, Ƕȕ șȚȘȖȋȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ țȟȍȕȐȦ ȠȈșȚȘ Ȗ șȊȈȘțȗȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ - ȍȋȖ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȖȑ șțȡȕȖșȚȐ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȏȣȊȈȓ ǹȊȖȦ ȟȈȒȘț ǹțȌȈȘȠȈȕț, Ȉ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ țȔȖȓȧȓ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȖșȚȐȚȤ ȉȘȈȚȤȍȊ, ȖȉȈ ȉȘȈȚȈ ȗȘȐȗȈȓȐ Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȘȖșȧ ȗȘȖȡȍȕȐȧ ȏȈ șȊȖȍ ȕȍȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȍ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ. ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț ȚȖȎȍ ȗȘȖșȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȘȖșȚȐȚȤ ȘȈșȒȈȧȊȠȐȍșȧ ȌțȠȐ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋȕȧȓ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖșȤȉȍ ș țșȓȖȊȐȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ș ȥȚȐȝ ȗȖȘ ȉȘȈȚȤȧ ȕȈȊșȍȋȌȈ ȖȚȒȈȎțȚșȧ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȑ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȖȑ Ȑ ȘȈșȗțȚȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǶȕȐ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓȐșȤ, ȗȖȖȉȍȡȈȊ ȉȘȖșȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ șȊȖȐ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȗȘȐȊȣȟȒȐ, Ȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖșȚȐȓ Ȑȝ Ȑ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȍ ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȓ ȐȔ Ȗȉ Ȑȝ ȗȘȖȠȓȣȝ ȗȘȍȋȘȍȠȍȕȐȧȝ. ǺȈȒȖȊȈ ȖșȖȉȈȧ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ. Ǫ ȥȚț ȥȗȖȝț ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȉȍȏȋȘȍȠȍȕ. ǵȐ ț ȒȖȋȖ ȕȍȚ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȈȊȈ. ǵȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ȗȘȖȡȈȍȚ ȓȦȉȣȝ ȋȘȍȠȕȐȒȖȊ ȗȘȐ țșȓȖȊȐȐ, ȟȚȖ, ȗȖȓțȟȐȊ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, ȖȕȐ ȗȖȖȉȍȡȈȦȚ ȕȍ ȗȖȚȊȖȘșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ șȊȖȐȔ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȗȘȐȊȣȟȒȈȔ. ǰșȚȖȘȐȧ ș ȌȊțȔȧ ȉȘȈȚȤȧȔȐ ȊȍșȤȔȈ ȗȖțȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȈ. Ǫ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ǬȎȈȋȈȐ Ȑ ǴȈȌȝȈȐ ȗȘȐșțȡȐ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȊșȍȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ. ǺȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ șȊȖȐȝ ȏȓȖȌȍȧȕȐȑ, șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȗȖȒȘȖȊȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț Ȑ ȗȖșȓȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȐȕȐȞȐȈȞȐȐ ȊȖȏȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȊșȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕȖ ȠȈșȚȘȈȔȐ. ȅȚȐ ȏȈȗȘȍȚȣ ȖȗȐșȈȕȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȋ ǭȋȖ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȝ ȀȘȐȓȍ Ǹțȗȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǷȖȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȉȣȓ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕȖȔ, Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȓ Țȍȝ ȟțȌȍș, ȒȈȒȐȍ ȖȉȣȟȕȖ ȖȎȐȌȈȦȚ ȖȚ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȍȑ, ȕȖ ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ Ȋ ȘȈȏȋȈȘ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ Ȋ ȌȖȔȍ ȀȘȐȕȐȊȈșȣ ǺȝȈȒțȘȈ Ƕȕ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȟțȌȖ. ǹȗȘȖșȐȊ ț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȟȍȋȖ ȉȣ ȐȔ ȝȖȚȍȓȖșȤ ȖȚȊȍȌȈȚȤ, Ȑ țȏȕȈȊ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȔȈȕȋȖ, Ƕȕ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȔȈȕȋȖȊȖȍ șȍȔȧ, ȝȖȚȧ șȍȏȖȕ ȥȚȐȝ ȜȘțȒȚȖȊ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȕȈșȚțȗȐȓ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǭȔț ȗȘȐȕȍșȓȐ șȍȔȧ, Ƕȕ ȗȖșȈȌȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȊȖ ȌȊȖȘȍ ț ȀȘȐȕȐȊȈșȣ, Ȑ ȖȕȖ ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ ȗȘȖȘȖșȓȖ. ǵȈ ȋȓȈȏȈȝ ț Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȉȍȋ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ ȊȖ ȊȏȘȖșȓȖȍ ȌȍȘȍȊȖ, Ȑ ȊȍȚȊȐ ȍȋȖ șȋȐȉȈȓȐșȤ ȗȖȌ ȚȧȎȍșȚȤȦ șȗȍȓȣȝ ȗȓȖȌȖȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓȖ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ, ȟȍȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȔȖȋȓȐ șȢȍșȚȤ. ǬȍȘȍȊȖ ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȖșȚȈȓȖșȤ șȚȖȧȚȤ ȊȖ ȌȊȖȘȍ ȀȘȐȕȐȊȈșȣ, Ȑ ș Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ șȕȐȔȈȓȐ ș ȕȍȋȖ șȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȓȖȌȖȊ, șȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȝȖȚȍȓȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȣșȖȒȖ ȞȍȕȐȓ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ ȌȍȊțȠȍȒ ǪȘȈȌȎȈȉȝțȔȐ (ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ) Ȓ DzȘȐȠȕȍ Ȑ, ȖȚȌȈȊȈȧ ȌȖȓȎȕȖȍ Ȑȝ ȟȐșȚȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȊȔȍșȚȖ ȐȔȍȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȓ șȊȧȚȣȍ ȐȔȍȕȈ ȋȖȗȐ (ȗȈșȚțȠȍȒ). Ǫ ȥȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȓ ǵȍȔț ȗȖȌȖȠȓȐ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ șȚțȌȍȕȚȖȊ, ǭȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȒȖȊ. ǶȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȒȘȈȑȕȍ țȌȐȊȓȍȕȣ, țșȓȣȠȈȊ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȍȚ ȐȔȍȕȈ ȋȖȗȐ. ǷȖ ȋȓțȗȖșȚȐ ȖȕȐ șȗȘȖșȐȓȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȟȍȔț Ƕȕ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȍȚ ȐȔȍȕȈ ȋȖȗȐ, Ȑ ȗȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓȐ ǭȔț ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ ȐȔȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȕȈȘțȠȐȊ ȥȒșȚȈȏ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ƕȕ ȖȚȟȐȚȈȓ Ȑȝ Ȑ ȊȣȋȕȈȓ ȊȖȕ. ȅȚȐ șȚțȌȍȕȚȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȈ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȊȖȖȉȘȈȏȐȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȘȈȊȕȣ ǭȔț. ǹȖȉȘȈȊȠȐșȤ ȊȔȍșȚȍ, ȖȕȐ ȘȍȠȐȓȐ, ȟȚȖ, ȍșȓȐ Ƕȕ ȍȡȍ ȘȈȏ ȖșȔȍȓȐȚșȧ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȚȤ Ȑȝ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȖȕȐ ȕȈȗȈȌțȚ ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ. ǹȘȍȌȐ ȖȉȣȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ ȥȚȖȚ șȓțȟȈȑ ȊȣȏȊȈȓ ȏȓȖȉȕȣȍ ȚȖȓȒȐ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȥȚȖ șȚȈȓȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ƕȕ ȏȈȌțȔȈȓșȧ ȕȈȌ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȑȏ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȚȐȗȖȊ ȓȦȌȍȑ. Ƕȕ ȏȈȔȍȚȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔ 18


19 ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȗȘȖȚȐȊȧȚșȧ șȚțȌȍȕȚȣ, țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, ȓȦȌȐ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȍ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȑȖȋȐ, ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ Ȑ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȍ ȈȚȍȐșȚȣ. «ǴȖȧ ȔȐșșȐȧ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ, - ȌțȔȈȓ Ƕȕ,_ ȕȖ ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȐ ȉțȌțȚ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȧȚȤ Ǵȍȕȧ, ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȧ ȏȈ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȚ ȐȔ ȗȖȓȤȏȣ. ǿȚȖȉȣ șȚȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȖȕȐ ȚȈȒ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȈȟȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ Ǵȕȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ». ǰ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȍȠȐȓ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȎȐȏȕȐ (șȈȕȕȤȧșț), ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȒȓȖȕȕȣ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ. ǷȧȚȤșȖȚ ȓȍȚ ȕȈȏȈȌ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȌȍȋȘȈȌȐȘȖȊȈȊȠȐȔ, ȒȈȒ șȍȑȟȈș. Ǫ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȓȦȌȐ ȖȉȣȟȕȖ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȓȐ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, Ȉ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ șȚȘȖȋȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȘȈȏȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȕȍ ȖȌȖȉȘȧȓ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȋ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȐ Ȋ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ, ȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ ȓȐȠȤ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȐȍ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧ șȈȕȕȤȧșȣ. ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȘȍȠȐȓ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȥȚȖȚ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ șȚȈȚȤ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȔ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȓȦȌȐ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȓȐ ǭȔț ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȉȧȏȈȕ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȈȘȕ Ȑ ȈȠȘȈȔȖȊ. ǹȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȓ Ȗ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȐȐ șȈȕȕȤȧșȣ, ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗț ȗȖșȍȚȐȓ DzȍȠȈȊȈ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȐ - șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ȠȒȖȓȣ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ, ȎȐȊȠȐȑ Ȋ DzȈȚȊȍ (ǩȍȕȋȈȓȐȧ). Ƕȕ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȗȘȐȋȓȈȠȍȕȐȍ ȖȚȖȉȍȌȈȚȤ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. DzȖȋȌȈ DzȍȠȈȊȈ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȐ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȓ ǵȍȔț ȌȖȔȖȑ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ ǭȋȖ Ȋ șȈȕȕȤȧșț. ǺȈȒȖȊ ȗȖȘȧȌȖȒ: șȈȕȕȤȧșț ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȚ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ. ǽȖȚȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ, ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ, ȎȍȓȈȧ șȖȉȓȦșȚȐ ȗȖȘȧȌȖȒ, țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȠȈșȚȘȈȔȐ, Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ șȈȕȕȤȧșț ȖȚ DzȍȠȈȊȣ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȐ, ȝȖȚȧ ȚȖȚ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȓ Ȓ ȊȈȐȠȕȈȊȈ-șȈȔȗȘȈȌȈȑȍ (ȠȒȖȓȍ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ). ǷȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȊȠȐșȤ ș DzȍȠȈȊȖȑ ǩȝȈȘȈȚȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȑȏ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ Ȋ DzȈȚȊț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȜȐȞȐȈȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȚȈȔ șȈȕȕȤȧșț. ǭȋȖ șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȓȐ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț, ǿȈȕȌȘȈȠȍȒȝȈȘȈ ǨȟȈȘȑȈ Ȑ ǴțȒțȕȌȈ ǬȈȚȚȈ. ǶȕȐ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȓȐ Ȋ ȗȘȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȐ ȥȚȖȑ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȐ. ǷȘȐȕȧȚȐȍ șȈȕȕȤȧșȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȕȖ Ȋ «ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȍ» ȀȘȐȓȣ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȣ ȌȈșȈ ǺȝȈȒțȘȈ. ǺȈȒ ȕȈ ȐșȝȖȌȍ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȖȋȖ ȋȖȌȈ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ȔȍșȧȞȍ ȔȈȋȝȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ șȈȕȕȤȧșț. ǷȘȐȕȧȊ șȈȕȕȤȧșț, Ƕȕ șȚȈȓ ȗȖȓȕȖȗȘȈȊȕȣȔ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȒȖȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ. ǽȖȚȧ ȥȚȖȑ Ȏȍ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ Ƕȕ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓșȧ, ȍȡȍ ȉțȌțȟȐ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕȖȔ, ȕȈȚȖȓȒȕțȊȠȐșȤ ȕȈ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȧ, ȔȍȠȈȊȠȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȐ, ȘȈȌȐ ȉȓȈȋȈ ȗȈȌȠȐȝ ȌțȠ Ƕȕ ȗȖȎȍȘȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȌȈȎȍ țȌȖȉșȚȊȈȔȐ ȌȖȔȈȠȕȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǷȖȒȈ Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕȖȔ, ǭȋȖ ȖșȕȖȊȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȔȖȡȕȐȒȈȔȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǨȌȊȈȐȚȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț Ȑ ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀȘȐȊȈșȈ ǺȝȈȒțȘ, Ȉ ȗȖșȓȍ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȐȧ șȈȕȕȤȧșȣ ǭȋȖ ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȔȖȡȕȐȒȈȔȐ șȚȈȓȐ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ǩȍȕȋȈȓȐȦ, Ȑ ȠȍșȚȤ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ (ǸțȗȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ǬȎȐȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ǫȖȗȈȓȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ǸȈȋȝțȕȈȚȝȈ ȌȈș ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ǸȈȋȝțȕȈȚȝȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ) ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ șȖ ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǸțȗȖȑ Ȑ ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȖȑ. ǶȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȗȖșȓȈȕȣ ȊȖ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȖȊȍșȚȐ ȘȈșȒȖȗȒȐ Ȋ ȔȍșȚȈȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȍȑȟȈș ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȔȍșȚȈȔȐ ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ. ǺȈȒ ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȉȣȓ ȕȈȑȌȍȕ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȐȑ ȋȖȘȖȌ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕ Ȑ ȘȈșȒȘȣȚȖ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ǪȘȈȌȎȈȉȝțȔȐ. ǷȘȐȕȧȊ șȈȕȕȤȧșț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȓ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȊȖ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕ. ǺȘȐ Ȍȕȧ ȗȖȌȘȧȌ Ƕȕ Ƞȍȓ ȗȖ ǸȈȌȝȈ-ȌȍȠȍ (ȔȍșȚȈȔ, ȋȌȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȚȍȒȈȍȚ ǫȈȕȋȈ). ǭȋȖ ȖȝȊȈȚȣȊȈȓ 19


20 ȥȒșȚȈȏ ȗȘȐ ȖȌȕȖȑ ȓȐȠȤ ȔȣșȓȐ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȖ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ȖȚȊȓȍȒ ǭȋȖ ȖȚ ȞȍȓȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊȐȧ Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȍȓ Ȋ ȌȖȔ ǨȌȊȈȐȚȣ ǷȘȈȉȝț Ȋ ȀȈȕȚȐȗțȘȍ. ǵȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ Ȍȕȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȌȖȔȍ ȀȘȐ ǨȌȊȈȐȚȣ ǷȘȈȉȝț. ǽȖȘȖȠȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȧ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȒȐȌȈȍȚ ǹȊȖȑ ȌȖȔ, ȀȘȐ ǨȌȊȈȐȚȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț ȗȖșȓȈȓ ǹȊȖȐȝ șȓțȋ Ȋ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗț ȏȈ ǭȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȤȦ ȀȈȟȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȕȈ ȔȖȋȓȈ Ȋ ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȐȑ ȘȈȏ țȊȐȌȍȚȤșȧ ș șȣȕȖȔ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȍȌȖȉȘȖșȖȊȍșȚȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ țȎȍ ȗȖșȓȍ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȐȧ șȈȕȕȤȧșȣ ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȓșȧ Ȑ șȖ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȎȍȕȖȑ, ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ ȍȑ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǹȊȖȦ ȌȍȘȍȊȧȕȕțȦ șȈȕȌȈȓȐȦ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȌȖșȚȖȊȍȘȕȣȝ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈȝ ȕȍ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȕȐȑ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ șȊȐȌȈȕȐȐ. ǴȈȚȤ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓȈșȤ ș ǵȐȔ Ȋ ȌȖȔȍ ǨȌȊȈȐȚȣ ǷȘȈȉȝț Ȑ, țȊȐȌȍȊ șȊȖȍȋȖ șȣȕȈ Ȋ ȖȌȍȧȕȐȐ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, ȏȈȗȘȐȟȐȚȈȓȈ. Ǫ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȒȖȔȗȘȖȔȐșșȈ, ȖȕȈ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓȈ șȣȕȈ ȖȉȖșȕȖȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ, ȖȚȒțȌȈ ȍȑ ȓȍȋȟȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȈȚȤ ȐȏȊȍșȚȐȧ Ȗ ǵȍȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓșȧ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȍȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȓȦȉȐȔȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ. ǯȈȚȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ, Ȉ ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ, ȘȈȏȓțȟȍȕȕȣȍ ș ǵȐȔ, ȗȖȋȘțȏȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȖȒȍȈȕ șȒȖȘȉȐ. ǷȖ ȗțȚȐ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȉȣȊȈȓ ȊȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȗȘȐȔȍȟȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȔȍșȚȈȝ. Ƕȕ ȗȖșȍȚȐȓ ȝȘȈȔ ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȈȌȎȐ, țȒȘȈȊȠȍȋȖ Ȍȓȧ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǴȈȌȝȈȊȍȕȌȘȣ ǷțȘȐ șȋțȡȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȖȓȖȒȖ. ǹ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ ȔțȘȚȐ ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȈȌȎȐ șȚȈȓȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȚȤșȧ DzȠȐȘȈ-ȟȖȘȈȋȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȈ. ȅȚȈ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȓȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ. ǹȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȊȖȘȖȊșȚȊț ȍșȚȤ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȔ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ, ȕȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȍȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚ, ȖȕȈ țȎȍ ȕȍ ȕȖșȐȚ ȐȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȈ Ȑ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȖȔ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ȌȈȎȍ Ȍȓȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ș ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ȚȖȟȒȐ ȏȘȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȑ ǭȋȖ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȊȖȘȖȊșȚȊț ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ ȌȘțȋ ȌȘțȋț. ȅȚț ȏȈȔȍȟȈȚȍȓȤȕțȦ ȐșȚȖȘȐȦ ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȈȌȎȐ ȧȘȒȖ ȖȗȐșȈȓ DzȘȐȠȕȈȌȈș DzȈȊȐȘȈȌȎȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȋ «ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈȟȈȘȐȚȈȔȘȐȚȍ». ǷȖșȍȚȐȊ ȝȘȈȔ DzȠȐȘȈ-ȟȖȘȈ-ȋȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȐ Ȋ ǸȍȔțȕȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ǩȈȓȈșȖȘȍ (ȠȚȈȚ ǶȘȐșșȈ), ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ Ȑ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȗȖșȍȚȐȓ ȝȘȈȔ ǹȈȒȠȐ-ȋȖȗȈȓȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȉȣȓ șȊȐȌȍȚȍȓȍȔ Ȋ șȍȔȍȑȕȖȔ șȗȖȘȍ ȌȊțȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ-ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ș ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȣșȓțȠȈȓ ȐșȚȖȘȐȦ ǹȈȒȠȐ-ȋȖȗȈȓȣ, ȎȍȓȈȧ ȌȈȚȤ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȈȚȍȐșȚȈȔ, ȟȚȖ ȔțȘȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȔȣȍ Ȋ ȝȘȈȔȈȝ Ȑ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȕȣȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȈȟȈȘȤȧȔȐ, - ȕȍ ȐȌȖȓȣ, ȒȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȦȚ ȕȍșȊȍȌțȡȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ. ǴțȘȚȐ Ȋ ȝȘȈȔȍ - ȥȚȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǭȋȖ ȈȘȟȈ-ȜȖȘȔȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǶȕȖ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ. ǵȈ ȓȦȉȖȊȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȔțȘȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȚȊȍȟȈȍȚ ȊȏȈȐȔȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȘȖȗȖȘȞȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȖ șȐȓȍ ȓȦȉȊȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. Ǫ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ ș ǹȈȒȠȐ-ȋȖȗȈȓȖȑ, ȎȍȓȈȧ țȓȈȌȐȚȤ șȍȔȍȑȕȣȑ ȒȖȕȜȓȐȒȚ ȔȍȎȌț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȚȤ ȖșȖȉțȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ Ȓ ǹȊȖȐȔ șȓțȋȈȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȠȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȖȚ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ ȌȖ ǪȐȌȑȈȕȈȋȈȘȣ, ȌȍȘȍȊȕȐ Ȋ ǶȘȐșșȍ, Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ȈȘȟȈ. ǶȚȚțȌȈ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȍȘȍȊȍȏȍȕȖ Ȋ DzȈȚȚȈȒ, ȋȌȍ Ȑ ȌȖ șȐȝ ȗȖȘ ȝȘȈȔ ǹȈȒȠȐ-ȋȖȗȈȓȣ ȗȖșȍȡȈȦȚ ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȒȖȊ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȝșȧ Ȋ ǬȎȈȋȈȕȕȈȚȝȈ ǷțȘȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȍȘȍȕȖȟȍȊȈȓ ȚȈȔ, Ȉ ȏȈȚȍȔ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȓ ǹȊȖȑ ȗțȚȤ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ. ǷȖ ȌȖȘȖȋȍ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǷȘȈȉȝț șȓȖȔȈȓ ǭȋȖ ȗȖșȖȝ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȌȍȓȈȓ ȊȐȌ, ȟȚȖ ȘȈșșȍȘȌȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ ȏȈ ȥȚȖ, Ȑ ȗȖȠȍȓ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ ȖȌȐȕ, ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ ǹȊȖȐȝ șȗțȚȕȐȒȖȊ ȗȖȏȈȌȐ. Ǫ ǷțȘȐ, ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȖȑȌȧ Ȋ ȝȘȈȔ ǬȎȈȋȈȕȕȈȚȝȐ, Ƕȕ ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ ȗȖȋȘțȏȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ ȥȒșȚȈȏ Ȑ ȉȍȏ ȟțȊșȚȊ țȗȈȓ ȕȈ ȗȖȓ ȝȘȈȔȈ. ǹȓțȎȐȚȍȓȐ ȝȘȈȔȈ ȕȍ șȔȖȋȓȐ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȚȈȔ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓșȧ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ țȟȍȕȣȑ ȗȈȕȌȐȚ ǹȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ (ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȉȣȓ ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔ ȗȈȕȌȐȚȖȔ ȗȘȐ ȌȊȖȘȍ ȞȈȘȧ ǶȘȐșșȣ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǷȘȈȚȈȗȈȘțȌȘȣ). ǺȖȓȤȒȖ Ȗȕ șȔȖȋ 20


21 ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ șȓțȟȐȊȠȐȑșȧ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȗȘȐ ȊȝȖȌȍ Ȋ ȝȘȈȔ ǬȎȈȋȈȕȕȈȚȝȐ ȖȉȔȖȘȖȒ - ȕȍ ȖȉȣȟȕȖȍ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ. ǹȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȉȣȓ ȗȖȒȖȘȍȕ ȉȓȍșȒȖȔ ȦȕȖșȚȐ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț Ȑ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȍȌȒȖ Ȑ ȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ț ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȍ ȗȖȓȕȖȋȖ ȏȈȉȊȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ. ǵȈ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȗȖȌȊȐȋȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȓȐȠȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, Ȑ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ, ȒȈȒ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȠȐȘȖȒȖ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ Ȑ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȒȖȔȣȑ ș ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȖȑ, ȏȕȈȓ ȥȚȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ șȓțȎȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȝȘȈȔȈ ȕȍ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȐȚȤ ȕȍȏȕȈȒȖȔȖȋȖ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ Ȑȝ ȖȚȕȍșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȓ ȕȍȔț ȌȖȔȖȑ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȕȈȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ ȏȈ ǭȋȖ ȉȍșșȖȏȕȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȗȍȘȍȕȍșȓȐ Ȋ ȌȖȔ ǹȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȣ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȐ, Ȋ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȖȔ ȒȈȒ șȈȉȝȈ-ȗȈȕȌȐȚȈ - ȌȍȒȈȕ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȜȈȒțȓȤȚȍȚȈ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚșȒȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȣ. ǻȟȍȕȣȑ ȗȈȕȌȐȚ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȚȡȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȖȊȍȘȐȚȤ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȖșȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȕȍȌȖȉȘȖșȖȊȍșȚȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȖ ȐȔȐȚȐȘțȦȚ ȊȕȍȠȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȐ ȥȒșȚȈȏȈ, ȡȍȋȖȓȧȧ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔȐ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧȔȐ Ȋ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȐ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȟȤ ȗȘȖșȚȖȌțȠȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȑ ȐȏȊȓȍȟȤ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȣȋȖȌț. ǹȊȍȌțȡȐȑ țȟȍȕȣȑ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȑ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȍ, șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȘȈșȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȗȘȐȚȊȖȘȡȐȒȖȊ Ȑ, ȘȈșȒȘȣȊ ȖȉȔȈȕ, ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȗȘȖȋȕȈȚȤ Ȑȝ. Ǫ șȓțȟȈȍ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȘȖȊȍȘȧȓ Ȋșȍ șȐȔȗȚȖȔȣ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔȐ ȠȈșȚȘ. Ƕȕ ȐșșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ Ȑȝ ȒȈȒ țȟȍȕȣȑ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȒȈȒ șȍȕȚȐȔȍȕȚȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȋȓțȗȍȞ. Ƕȕ ȕȈȉȓȦȌȈȓ ȏȈ șȖȒȘȈȡȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȎȍȓțȌȒȈ, ȉȐȍȕȐȍȔ șȍȘȌȞȈ, ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȖȏȌțȝȈ Ȋ ȕȖȏȌȘȧȝ, ȗȘȖȡțȗȣȊȈȓ ȗțȓȤș ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȊșȍȋȖ ȖȘȋȈȕȐȏȔȈ ȗȘȐȖșȚȈȕȖȊȐȓȈșȤ. ǷȖȌȕȍșȧ Ȓ ǭȋȖ ȕȖȏȌȘȧȔ ȕȍȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ ȒȓȖȟȖȒ ȊȈȚȣ, Ȗȕ ȗȖ ȓȍȋȒȖȔț ȒȖȓȍȉȈȕȐȦ ȊȖȓȖȒȖȕ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȓ ȍȌȊȈ ȏȈȔȍȚȕȖȍ ȌȣȝȈȕȐȍ. ǺȈȒ Ȗȕ țȉȍȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȖșȚȐ ȉȍșșȖȏȕȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ șȚȈȓ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ Ȋ ȚȈȒȐȝ șȓțȟȈȧȝ ȔȍȘȣ. ǵȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ Ȋ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑț ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, ȕțȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȖșȖȉȣȑ ȔȍȚȖȌ. Ƕȕ ȔȖȋ ȗȘȐȑȚȐ Ȋ șȍȉȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȚ ȏȊțȒȖȊ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȍȔȖȋȖ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ. ȅȚȖ ȖșȖȉȖȍ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ ǹȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȍ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȍ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȗȕ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȊȗȍȘȊȣȍ țȊȐȌȍȓ ǭȋȖ Ȋ ȝȘȈȔȍ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ǭȋȖ ȏȈ ȖȉȣȟȕȖȋȖ ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȒȈ. ǺȍȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ ȗȖȌȖȠȍȌȠȐȍ Ȓ ȝȘȈȔț șȗțȚȕȐȒȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ țȏȕȈȓȐ Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȗȖȌȊȐȋȍ Ȑ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȍȘȍȕȍș ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȓ șȍȉȍ Ȋ ȌȖȔ. ǷȈȓȖȔȕȐȒȐ Ȋ ȝȘȈȔȍ Ȋșȍ ȍȡȍ ȖȉșțȎȌȈȓȐ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȖȐșȠȍșȚȊȐȍ. ǹȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓ ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝț ǨȟȈȘȑț, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȓ ǫȈȌȈȌȝȈȘȈ ǷȈȕȌȐȚ. ǶȚ ȕȍȋȖ Ȋșȍ țȏȕȈȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȓȍȎȐȚ ȉȍȏ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȋ ȌȖȔȍ ǹȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȣ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȓșȧ ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȍ ǨȟȈȘȑȍ ȏȧȚȍȔ. ǫȈȌȈȌȝȈȘȈ ǷȈȕȌȐȚ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȓ șȗțȚȕȐȒȖȊ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȍ ǨȟȈȘȑȍ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ ȗȘȐȊȍȓ Ȑȝ Ȋ ȌȖȔ Ȓ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȍ, ȋȌȍ ȉȍȏ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȋ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȈ ȓȍȎȈȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǺȖȋȌȈ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȐȠȍȌȠȐȍ ȕȈȟȈȓȐ, ȒȈȒ ȖȉȣȟȕȖ, ȋȘȖȔȒȖ ȗȍȚȤ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǽȈȘȐ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȋ șȍȉȧ. ǯȈȚȍȔ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ Ȋșȍȝ ǭȋȖ șȗțȚȕȐȒȖȊ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǵȐȚȑȈȕȈȕȌț ǷȘȈȉȝț, Ȑ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ Ȑȝ ȉȣȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȟȍȚȕȣȔȐ ȋȖșȚȧȔȐ. Ǫșȧ ȋȘțȗȗȈ, ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȓȈșȤ Ȓ ȔȖȘȦ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȍ, Ȉ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȐȓ Ȍȓȧ ȕȐȝ ȗȖȔȍȡȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȐȡț Ȋ ȌȖȔȍ DzȈȠȐ ǴȐȠȘȣ. ǭȔț ȗȖȔȖȋȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȠțȘȐȕ, ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȈ ǨȟȈȘȑȈ. ǴȍȎȌț ȌȊțȔȧ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȈȔȐ ȏȈȊȧȏȈȓȈșȤ ȌȘțȎȍșȒȈȧ ȉȍșȍȌȈ Ȗ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȘȐȟȍȔ ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȈ ǨȟȈȘȑȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȌȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȓ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ, ȗȣȚȈȓșȧ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȔ, Ȉ 21


22 ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȓ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ - ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǶȉȈ ȖȚșȚȈȐȊȈȓȐ șȊȖȦ ȚȖȟȒț ȏȘȍȕȐȧ, ȖȗȐȘȈȧșȤ ȕȍ ȕȈ șȍȕȚȐȔȍȕȚȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȊȖȒș ȗȖȗțȓȐ*, Ȉ ȕȈ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȍ ȠȈșȚȘȣ. ǪȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȧȦȚșȧ ȗȖ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȔ ȠȈșȚȘȈȔ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖȔ ȋȖȓȖșȖȊ ȋȓțȗȣȝ ȜȈȕȈȚȐȒȖȊ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȉȣȓ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǩȖȋȈ, ȋȓțȗȣȍ ȜȈȕȈȚȐȒȐ Ȋ ȕȈȠȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈșȐȓȐ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ «ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȔȐ», ȕȍ șșȣȓȈȧșȤ ȕȈ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ȑ ǹȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ, Ȑ ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȈ ǨȟȈȘȑȈ ȉȣȓȐ ȊȣȠȍ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȕȍȘȈȏțȔȕȖȑ șȍȕȚȐȔȍȕȚȈȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȕȈȖȉȖȘȖȚ, ȖȕȐ ȗȣȚȈȓȐșȤ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȐȓȐ ȖȗȘȖȊȍȘȋȕțȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ, ȖșȕȖȊȣȊȈȧșȤ ȕȈ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȧȝ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȝ ȠȈșȚȘ. * ǪȖȒș ȗȖȗțȓȐ (ȓȈȚ.) - ȋȓȈș ȕȈȘȖȌȈ. ǷȖȏȌȕȍȍ ȊȣȧșȕȐȓȖșȤ, ȟȚȖ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȘȖȌȖȔ Ȑȏ ȖȒȘȍșȚȕȖșȚȍȑ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ. Ƕȕ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȌȍȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ȗȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ǵȐȓȈȔȉȈȘȈ ǿȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ Ȑ ȖȚȍȞ ǹȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȣ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȖȌȕȖȒȈȠȕȐȒȈȔȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȧȕȣȑ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ, ȊȣȏȊȈȓ ț ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȐ ȖȚȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȖ. ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȉȣȓ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ Ȋ șȈȔȗȘȈȌȈȑȍ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȣ Ȑ șȈȔ ȉȣȓ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȔ ȥȚȖȑ ȠȒȖȓȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȍ ȝȖȚȍȓȖșȤ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȔȖȓȖȌȖȑ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȊȣșȓțȠȈȓ țȟȍȕȐȍ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ» Ȋ ȍȋȖ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ. ǶȉȣȟȕȖ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȐșȚȈȔȐ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ ȒțȓȤȚȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȣ. ǵȖ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈ-șȈȔȗȘȈȌȈȑȈ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȍȔ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ». «ǪȍȌȈȕȚț» ȐȏțȟȈȦȚ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȍ șȈȔȗȘȈȌȈȑȐ, ȕȖ ȒȈȎȌȈȧ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȚȘȈȒȚțȍȚ ȍȍ ȗȖșȊȖȍȔț. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈ-șȈȔȗȘȈȌȈȑȐ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȐȧ Ȗ ȏȕȈȕȐȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȘȈșȗȖȓȈȋȈȦȚ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȐșȚȣ-ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȣ ȗȍȘȊȣȔȐ ȗȘȐșȊȖȐȓȐ ȈȊȚȖȘț ȚȐȚțȓ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓșȧ ȉȘȈȚȤ ț ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȐ țȘȖȒȐ ȗȖ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȍ», Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȝȘȈȔȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǬȎȈȋȈȕȕȈȚȝȐ. ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȖ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ șȍȔȐ Ȍȕȍȑ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȕȍ ȗȍȘȍȉȐȊȈȧ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȓțȠȈȓ ȍȋȖ. ǴȖȓȟȈȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȏȈȘȖȕȐȓȖ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȍ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȐ, Ȑ Ȗȕ ȗȖȐȕȚȍȘȍșȖȊȈȓșȧ, ȗȖȟȍȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȐ Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȕȍ șȗȘȈȠȐȊȈȍȚ Ȑ ȕȐȒȈȒ ȕȍ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȐȘțȍȚ ȍȋȖ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȑ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ». ǰȋȘȈȧ ȘȖȓȤ ȕȍȘȈȏțȔȕȖȋȖ șȚțȌȍȕȚȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȌȍȓȈȓ ȊȐȌ, ȟȚȖ șȓțȠȈȍȚ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚț» Ȋ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȐ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȚȖȚ șȟȐȚȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȊȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ. ǵȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ șȖȋȓȈșȍȕ ș ȍȋȖ ȚȘȈȒȚȖȊȒȖȑ. ȅȚȐȔ Ƕȕ ȌȈȊȈȓ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȐșȚȣ Ȑȏ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈ-șȈȔȗȘȈȌȈȑȐ ȐȓȐ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȌȘțȋȖȑ șȈȔȗȘȈȌȈȑȐ, ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, ȐȏțȟȈȦȚ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚț» ȔȍȝȈȕȐȟȍșȒȐ. ǰȝ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȕȈțȒȐ ȕȍȗȖȓȕȖ. ǹȈȔ ȈȊȚȖȘ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȣ» ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ȍȍ Ȋ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǵȍ ȏȕȈȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȍȌȊȈ ȓȐ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚț». ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȐȑ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ, țȓȖȊȐȓ șȈȘȒȈȏȔ Ȋ ȏȈȔȍȟȈȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȗ ȠȐȘȖȒȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖȔ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȐșȚȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ șȗȘȖșȐȓ, ȗȖȟȍȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȊȣȧșȕȧȍȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ǭȔț ȕȍȗȖȕȧȚȕȖ. ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȌȖȋȈȌȣȊȈȓșȧ Ȗ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ ǭȋȖ ȔȕȖȋȖȌȕȍȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȖȓȟȈȕȐȧ. ǶȕȖ ȕȍȌȊțșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȓȖ, ȟȚȖ ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȍșȚȤ ǹȊȖȐ șȖȖȉȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ, Ȑ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȌȍȓȐȚȤșȧ ȐȔȐ. 22


23 ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ: «ǴȖȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ, ȇ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȦ șȔȣșȓ ȚȈȒȐȝ șțȚȘ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ", ȒȈȒ ȌȎȈȕȔȈȌȑ ȈșȑȈ ȑȈȚȈȝ, ȠȈșȚȘȈ-ȑȖȕȐȚȊȈȚ Ȑ ȈȚȝȈȚȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȌȎȐȌȎȕȈșȈ, ȕȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ Țȣ ȌȈȍȠȤ ȐȔ șȊȖȐ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȧ, Ȕȕȍ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ Ȑȝ. ǹȔȣșȓ șțȚȘ țȎȍ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȍȕ Ȋ ȕȐȝ șȈȔȐȝ, Ȉ ȚȊȖȐ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȧ șȒȘȣȊȈȦȚ ȍȋȖ, ȗȖȌȔȍȕȧȧ ȍȋȖ ȟȍȔ-ȚȖ ȌȘțȋȐȔ. Ǻȣ șȖȏȕȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȠȤ ȗȘȧȔȖȋȖ șȔȣșȓȈ șțȚȘ, Ȉ ȊȔȍșȚȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȌȈȍȠȤ ȐȔ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȧ». ȅȚȐȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȋ ȒȘȐȚȐȒȍ Țȍȝ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȐșȚȖȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ, ȗȘȍșȓȍȌțȧ șȊȖȐ ȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȞȍȓȐ Ȑ șȓȍȌțȧ ȔȖȌȍ, ȚȖȓȒțȦȚ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȣ» Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ șȖ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȕȣȔȐ țȔșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȧȔȐ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖșțȎȌȈȍȚ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȐȕȚȍȘȗȘȍȚȈȞȐȐ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȒȈȒ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈșțȚȘȈ». ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: «ǷȘȧȔȖȑ șȔȣșȓ ȔȈȕȚȘ ǻȗȈȕȐȠȈȌ ȖȉȖȉȡȍȕ ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ Ȋ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȍ". Dz șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȦ, Țȣ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȠȤ Ȑȝ ȗȘȧȔȖȋȖ șȔȣșȓȈ, Ȉ ȌȈȍȠȤ ȐȔ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȧ. ǨȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ǪȍȌ ȉȍșșȗȖȘȍȕ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȓȍȎȐȚ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȦ. Ǫșȍ șȒȈȏȈȕȕȖȍ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ, Ȋ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȕȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ Ȕȣ ȉȘȖșȈȍȔ ȊȣȏȖȊ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚț ǪȍȌ. ǸȈȒȖȊȐȕȈ Ȑ ȒȖȘȖȊȐȑ ȕȈȊȖȏ - ȥȚȖ ȒȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȐșȗȘȈȎȕȍȕȐȧ ȌȊțȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. ǵȖ ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ǪȍȌȣ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ Ȑȝ ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ, ȓȦȌȐ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȥȚȖ, ȌȖȊȍȘȧȧ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚț ǪȍȌ». ǹȔȣșȓ ȥȚȖȋȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ șȚȈȊȐȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȍ șȖȖȉȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ ȊȣȠȍ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȈ ǪȍȌ. ǵțȎȕȖ ȚȖȟȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧ ǪȍȌ, ȕȍ ȗȍȘȍȚȖȓȒȖȊȣȊȈȧ Ȑȝ ȕȈ ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȓȈȌ. ǺȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȑ ȚȘȈȒȚțȦȚ Ȑȝ ȗȖ-șȊȖȍȔț, șȖȏȌȈȊȈȧ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȋȘțȗȗȣ Ȑ șȍȒȚȣ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ* ȗȘȧȔȖ ȖȚȊȍȘȋ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ǪȍȌ Ȑ șȖȏȌȈȓ șȊȖȦ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȦ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖ ȥȚȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ șȚȘȖȋȐȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ǪȍȌ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȦȚ ȉțȌȌȐȏȔ. ǵȖ ȔȕȐȔȣȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ǪȍȌ ȌȈȎȍ ȖȗȈșȕȍȍ ȉțȌȌȐșȚȖȊ. ǩțȌȌȐșȚȣ ȐȔȍȦȚ șȔȍȓȖșȚȤ ȗȘȧȔȖ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȚȤ ǪȍȌȣ, Ȉ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ǪȍȌ ȕȍ ȖșȔȍȓȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ, ȝȖȚȧ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ȕȈȘțȠȈȦȚ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ǪȍȌ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ȖșțȌȐȓ ȥȚȖ. * ǯȌȍșȤ Ȑ ȌȈȓȍȍ Ȋ ȚȍȒșȚȍ șȖȝȘȈȕȍȕȈ ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȖȕȕȈȧ Ȍȓȧ ȘțșșȒȖȑ ȐȕȌȖȓȖȋȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȣ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȕȈȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ Ȑ, ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, șȌȍȓȈȕȖ ȖȚșȚțȗȓȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȚȖȟȕȖȑ ȍȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȓȐȚȍȘȈȞȐȐ [ǩțȌȌȝȈ]. (ȗȘȐȔ. ȗȍȘ.) Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ șȊȧȏȐ ȊȍșȤȔȈ țȔȍșȚȕȣ ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȣ ș ȘȈȒȖȊȐȕȖȑ Ȑ ȒȖȘȖȊȤȐȔ ȕȈȊȖȏȖȔ. ǬȖȊȖȌȣ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȘȈȏ țȎ ȒȖȘȖȊȐȑ ȕȈȊȖȏ ȟȐșȚ, ȚȖ ȥȒșȒȘȍȔȍȕȚȣ țȟȍȕȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȍȡȍ ȟȐȡȍ, ȕȍȗȘȐȍȔȓȍȔȣ. DzȖȘȖȊȐȑ ȕȈȊȖȏ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȍȚșȧ ȟȐșȚȣȔ, Ȉ ȥȒșȒȘȍȔȍȕȚȣ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȊȣșȖȒȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȕȍ șȟȐȚȈȦȚșȧ ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: «ǪȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ șȈȔȖȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȣ, Ȑ ȍșȓȐ ȒȈȒȐȍ-ȚȖ ȔȐȘșȒȐȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȚȘȈȒȚțȦȚ Ȑȝ ȗȖ-șȊȖȍȔț, ȖȕȐ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȖȚȘȐȞȈȦȚ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ǪȍȌ. ǫȓțȗȖ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ 23


24 șȍȉȧ ȘȈȏțȔȕȍȍ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ. ǭȋȖ ȔȕȍȕȐȍ țȎȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȖ Ȋ șțȚȘȈȝ, Ȑ ȕȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȐ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ Ȓ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȏȕȈȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȧȔ. ǭȋȖ ȚȘțȌ, «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈșțȚȘȈ", șȐȧȍȚ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȓțȌȍȕȕȖȍ șȖȓȕȞȍ, Ȉ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȣȚȈȍȚșȧ ȌȈȚȤ șȊȍȚȖȏȈȘȕȖȑ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȍ" șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȍ, ȗȣȚȈȍȚșȧ ȏȈȚȔȐȚȤ ȥȚȖ șȖȓȕȞȍ ȖȉȓȈȒȖȔ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȖȖȉȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ. ǻ ǪȍȌ Ȑ ǷțȘȈȕ ȖȌȕȈ ȞȍȓȤ. ǶȕȐ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȦȚ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț, ȊȣȠȍ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ. ǷȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȍȑ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ. ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȈ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ, șȐȓȣ, șȓȈȊȣ, ȒȘȈșȖȚȣ, ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȧ. ǰ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȕȐ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȈȒ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȈȧ. ǩȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȍ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ ȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȘȈȏȘțȠȐȚȤ ȔȐȘșȒȐȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȗȉ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȔ ȞȍȓȖȔ. dzȐȟȕȖșȚȕȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ. Ǫșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȣ, Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ - ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐȞȣ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȞȍȓȖȋȖ. ǭșȓȐ ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐȞȣ - ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȚȖ Ȑȝ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ. Ƕȕ - ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ șȘȍȌȐ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȣȝ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȍȑ. ǪȍȌȣ șȖȖȉȡȈȦȚ ȕȈȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑȏ ǵȍȋȖ (ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ) Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȒȖȐȚșȧ ȕȈ ǵȍȔ. ǰ ȗȖșȓȍ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȧ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȋȘțȎȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǵȍȋȖ Ȏȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ƕȕ - ȒȖȕȍȟȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ, șȖȟȍȚȈȦȡȈȧ Ȋ ǹȍȉȍ șȖȏȐȌȈȦȡȍȍ, ȌȊȐȎțȡȍȍ Ȑ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȈȦȡȍȍ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ. ȅȚȐ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȘȐșțȡȐ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȔț ȖȉȢȍȒȚț. ǪȍȌȣ șȖȖȉȡȈȦȚ ȕȈȔ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ, ȍȌȐȕȣȑ, șȚȈȓ ȔȕȖȋȐȔ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȚȖȋȖ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ, Ƕȕ ȉȘȖșȈȍȚ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț. ǷȖȒȈ Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȉȘȖșȐȓ ȊȏȋȓȧȌȈ ȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓȖ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ǭȋȖ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ȕȍȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȍȕ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ țȔ Ȑ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ, ȗȖȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȉȘȖșȐȓ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǪȍȌȣ ȕȍȖșȗȖȘȐȔȖ ȌȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔȐ ȋȓȈȏȈȔȐ Ȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ țȔȖȔ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǭȋȖ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȍ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ - ȥȚȖ ȖȚȘȐȞȈȕȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ șȓȖȊȖ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ" ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ". ǶșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȍșȚȤ ȕȍ ȟȚȖ ȐȕȖȍ, ȒȈȒ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȑ, ȊȏȧȚȈȧ șȖ ȏȕȈȒȖȔ ȔȐȕțș. ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ - ȥȚȖ ȓȖȒȈȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ ȈșȗȍȒȚ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȐȌȈȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ Țȍȓ. ǷȖ șȊȐȌȍȚȍȓȤșȚȊț Ȋșȍȝ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ - ȥȚȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȒȈȒ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ƕȕ - ȗȍȘȊȖȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊ. ǷțȘȈȕȣ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȌȖȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍȔ Ȓ ǪȍȌȈȔ. ǶȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ. ǮȍȕȡȐȕȣ, ȠțȌȘȣ Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ Ȑȏ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȒȈșȚ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ șȔȣșȓ ǪȍȌ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȍ" Ȑ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȐșȚȐȕȣ ȐȏȓȈȋȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ. Ǫ șȊȖȐȝ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȈȝ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒț ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȕȈȏȊȈȓ țȌȈȟț, ȊȣȗȈȊȠțȦ ȕȈ ȌȖȓȦ ȎȐȚȍȓȍȑ ǪȘȈȌȎȈȉȝțȔȐ, ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ șȖ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȕȌȖȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȑ Ȑ DZȈȠȖȌȈȔȈȑȍȑ, ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȑ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȊȍȟȕȈȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ ȗȖȘȖȌȕȐȓȈșȤ 24


25 ș ȕȐȔȐ. ǪȍȌȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȔȈȕȚȘȈ ȋȓȈșȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ț ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ ȕȍȚ ȕȐ ȕȖȋ, ȕȐ ȘțȒ, ȕȖ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ǶȕȈ ȗȍȘȍȌȊȐȋȈȍȚșȧ ȉȣșȚȘȍȍ Ȋșȍȝ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ǭȑ ș ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȍȚșȧ. ǷȖșȓȍȌȕȍȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȍ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȗȘȐșțȡȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȝȖȚȧ ǭȋȖ ȘțȒȐ Ȑ ȕȖȋȐ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȘțȒ, ȕȖȋ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ ȖȘȋȈȕȖȊ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȖȚȕȦȌȤ ȕȍ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȍȕ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȧȚ Ȓ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȕȖȊȍȕȐȦ ȓȖȎȕȣȝ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȑ Ȗ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȌȖșȚȖȧȕȐȑ Ȑ, șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȖȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ, ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. DzȈȒ Ȏȍ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȈ? ǰșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȌȖșȚȖȧȕȐȑ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȔȕȖȋȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȔȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȍȓȧȚșȧ ȕȈ ȚȘȐ ȚȐȗȈ, ȍșȓȐ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚț «ǪȐȠȕț-ȗțȘȈȕȣ" (6.7.60), ȋȌȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȚȘȐ ȗȍȘȊȐȟȕȣȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț. ǭȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ Ȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ - ȥȚȖ ȕȐȏȠȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ, ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ. Ǭȓȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ ȐȔȍȍȚșȧ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍ: ȒȠȍȚȘȈȌȎȕȈ-ȠȈȒȚȐ. ȅȚȈ ȒȠȍȚȘȈȌȎȕȈ-ȠȈȒȚȐ, ȝȖȚȧ ȖȕȈ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȘȈȊȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȗȖ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊț ȗȖȗȈȌȈȍȚ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ Ȑ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȍȚ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȣ Ȋ ȗȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȧ ȗȘȖȔȍȎțȚȖȟȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȔȍȎȌț ȊȣșȠȍȑ (ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ) Ȑ ȕȐȏȠȍȑ (ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ) ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ, Ȑ ȗȘȖȗȖȘȞȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȖ ȚȖȔț, Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ șȖȗȘȐȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȐȓȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ, ȖȕȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ, șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ȕȈ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȣșȖȒȖȔ ȐȓȐ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȕȐȏȒȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȧȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ. DzȈȒ țȎȍ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȓȖșȤ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋȕȍ ȕȐȏȠȐȝ Ȑ ȗȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȣȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ, Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȘȍȝ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȈșȗȍȒȚȈȝ: ȒȈȒ ȊȍȟȕȖȍ ȉȣȚȐȍ, ȊȍȟȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȊȍȟȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǿȚȖ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ, ȚȖ ȖȕȖ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ șȈȕȌȝȐȕȐ; ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȐȊȈȦȚșȧ, șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ ȝȓȈȌȝȐȕȐ Ȑ șȈȔȊȐȚ. ǺȈȒ ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ - ȊȣșȠȐȑ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, Ƕȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȍȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ, ȗȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȑ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ. ǰ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ șȊȧȏȈȕȣ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȊȍȟȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ. ǺȈȒ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕ ȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ. ǵȍ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȒȚȖ-ȚȖ ȖșȔȍȓȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȏȈȧȊȓȧȚȤ, ȉțȌȚȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ? ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȊșȍȔȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ, Ȉ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐȞȣ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȔȍȎȌț ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ - ȖȋȘȖȔȕȈȧ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȈ. DzȈȒ Ȏȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - ȖȌȕȖ Ȑ ȚȖ Ȏȍ? Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ" ȚȖȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚ Ȓ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȏȈȒȖȕț ȚȍșȕȖȑ ȊȏȈȐȔȖșȊȧȏȐ ȔȍȎȌț ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ Ȑ ȍȍ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ, ȖȕȐ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ ȌȘțȋ ȖȚ ȌȘțȋȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ ȌȘțȋ ȖȚ ȌȘțȋȈ ȒȈȒ 25


26 ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ Ȑ șȈȔȈ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ. ǯȍȔȓȧ, ȊȖȌȈ, ȖȋȖȕȤ, ȊȖȏȌțȝ, ȥȜȐȘ, țȔ, ȘȈȏțȔ Ȑ ȥȋȖ - ȥȚȖ ȕȐȏȠȐȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȖ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȒȈȒ ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ, ȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ ȖȚ ȊșȍȋȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ. ǺȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ" (7.4). ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȍȟȕȈ Ȑ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. DzȈȒ Ȏȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȚȈȒȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȘȖȌțȒȚȖȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ? ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȓȦȉȖȑ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȊȍȘȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȜȖȘȔț, ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȍȊȍȘțȦȡȐȔ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȔ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȍȗȘȐȒȈșȈȍȔȣȔ, ȗȍȘșȖȕȖȑ ȕȖȕ ȋȘȈȚȈ, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȌȈȎȍ șȔȖȚȘȍȚȤ Ȑ ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȍȚ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȧ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȖȑ ȈȌȈ. ǩțȌȌȐșȚȖȊ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȈȚȍȐșȚȈȔȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ț ȕȐȝ ȕȍȚ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ǪȍȌȈȔ, ȕȖ, ȒȈȒ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȓȖșȤ ȘȈȕȍȍ, Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȍȚ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȌ, ȊȣȌȈȊȈȧ șȍȉȧ ȏȈ Ȑȝ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ, ȊȖȐșȚȐȕț ȋȖȘȈȏȌȖ ȖȗȈșȕȍȍ ȉțȌȌȐșȚȖȊ. ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȖ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȓ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȋ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȍ", ȕȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȠȈȍȚ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȠȒȖȓȣ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ (ȒȈȒ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȣ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈșȈȔȗȘȈȌȈȑȍȑ), ȕȈȊȍȘȕȧȒȈ șȖȉȤȍȚșȧ ș ȗțȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȈ" ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ș ȚȍȖȘȐȐ ȥȔȈȕȈȞȐȑ. Ǫșȍ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȐșȝȖȌȧȚ Ȑȏ ǩȖȋȈ, ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ǭȋȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȕȍȗȖșȚȐȎȐȔȣȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ. ǺȍȖȘȐȦ ȥȔȈȕȈȞȐȑ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȖȐȓȓȦșȚȘȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȖȋȖ ȒȈȔȕȧ. ǼȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȑ ȒȈȔȍȕȤ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȚȤ Ȋ ȏȖȓȖȚȖ ȕȍȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȕȖȍ ȒȖȓȐȟȍșȚȊȖ ȎȍȓȍȏȈ, ȖșȚȈȊȈȧșȤ ȗȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ ȕȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȣȔ. ǺȈȒ Ȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȕȍȗȖșȚȐȎȐȔȣȔȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ șȖȏȌȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȔȐȘȣ, ȖșȚȈȊȈȧșȤ ȗȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ Ȑ ȕȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȣȔ. Ƕȕ ȍșȚȤ ȗțȘȕȈ [ȗȖȓȕȣȑ], Ȑ ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȑȏ ǵȍȋȖ ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȗțȘȕ, Ƕȕ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȗțȘȕȖȑ. ȀȒȖȓȈ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ ȖȚșȚȈȐȊȈȍȚ șȊȖȦ ȚȍȖȘȐȦ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȚȍȖȘȐȧ ȥȔȈȕȈȞȐȑ ȧȒȖȉȣ ȊȍȌȍȚ Ȓ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȐȦ ȐȏȔȍȕȟȐȊȖșȚȐ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǭșȓȐ ȥȚȖ ȚȈȒ, ȚȖ ȗȖȓțȟȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȕȍȗȘȈȊ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȐȏȉȍȎȈȚȤ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȣȊȖȌȈ, ȖȕȐ șȖȏȌȈȓȐ ȐȏȖȡȘȍȕȕțȦ ȚȍȖȘȐȦ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ. ǵȖ ȔȐȘ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ, ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȣȔ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ ȠȒȖȓȈ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ. ǷȘȖșȚȖ Ȗȕ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ. ǷȘȍȝȖȌȧȡȍȍ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȣȔ Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȖȔ șȔȣșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȓȖȊȈ. ǵȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ șțȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ, ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȖȠȐȉȖȟȕȖ. ǷȘȈȕȈȊȈ [ȖȔ], ȐȓȐ ȖȔȒȈȘȈ - ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȑ ȋȐȔȕ. ȅȚȖȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ ȏȊțȒ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕ ȜȖȘȔȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ǫșȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȋȐȔȕȣ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȣ ȕȈ ȗȘȈȕȈȊȈ ȖȔȒȈȘȍ. ǺȈȚ ȚȊȈȔ ȈșȐ - ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȊȚȖȘȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȣȑ ȈȜȖȘȐȏȔ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȣ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȋȐȔȕȖȔ ǪȍȌ. ȀȘȐȗȈȌȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȘȐȌȈȊȈȓ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȍ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ȊȚȖȘȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖȔț ȚȈȚ ȚȊȈȔ ȈșȐ, ȕȍȎȍȓȐ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗț ȖȔȒȈȘȣ«. ǺȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ Ȗ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȍ», ȖȗȘȖȊȍȘȋȈȧ ȗȘȖȗȈȋȈȕȌț ȠȒȖȓȣ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ.* ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȣȚȈȓșȧ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ Ȑ ȠȒȖȓț ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ, Ȓ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȓ, ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȓȖȋȐȟȍșȒȐȝ Ȑ ȋȘȈȔȔȈȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ țȓȖȊȖȒ, ȕȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȕȍȖșȗȖȘȐȔȣȔ ȈȘȋțȔȍȕȚȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȌȍȘȎȈȓ ȕȈȌ ȕȐȔ ȗȖȓȕțȦ ȗȖȉȍȌț. Ƕȕ 26


27 ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȌȐȓ, ȟȚȖ Ȕȣ ȊȍȟȕȖ șȊȧȏȈȕȣ ș dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȕȈȠ ȌȖȓȋ ȊȖ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș ǵȐȔ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ. ǸȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ - ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȍȔȣ, ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. DzȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, șȈȔȈ șȖȉȖȑ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑ ȓȦȉȖȊȤ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȍșȚȤ șȖȊȖȒțȗȕȖșȚȤ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. * ǩȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ Ȕȣ ȖșȚȈȕȈȊȓȐȊȈȍȔșȧ ȕȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȥȚȐȝ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȝ ȚȖȕȒȖșȚȧȝ Ȋ ȕȈȠȍȑ ȒȕȐȋȍ «ǻȟȍȕȐȍ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ». Ǫ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȖȕȐ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȍȕȣ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȒȈȏȈȓ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ, ȟȍȔț țȟȈȚ ǪȍȌȣ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȚȘȍȝ ȚȍȔ: ȊȍȟȕȖȑ șȊȧȏȐ ș ǩȖȋȖȔ, ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ș ǵȐȔ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǵȍȔț, - ȐȏȓȐȠȕȍ Ȑ ȕȈȌțȔȈȕȕȖ. ǯȈȚȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȌȖȉȈȊȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȧ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ țȟȐȓ ȀȘȐȗȈȌȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȈ, - ȔȕȐȔȖȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ, ȕȖ Ȗȕ (ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȈ) ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȍȍ ȗȖ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ǫ «ǷȈȌȔȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȍ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȒȈȏȈȓ ǭȋȖ ǹȊȍȚȓȖșȚȐ ȀȐȊȍ ȖȚȊȓȍȟȤ ȖȚ ǵȍȋȖ (ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ) ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȖ. dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȉȣȓȖ șȒȘȣȚȤ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȖȡȘȐȚȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȓ țȔȕȖȎȍȕȐȦ ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȈ. ǭȋȖ ǹȊȍȚȓȖșȚȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ ǬȍȊȐ: «Ǫ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț, ȗȘȐȕȧȊ ȖȉȓȐȒ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȧ ȉțȌț ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȍșȚȤ ȕȍ ȟȚȖ ȐȕȖȍ, ȒȈȒ șȒȘȣȚȣȑ ȉțȌȌȐȏȔ». ǪȣșȓțȠȈȊ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ șȒȈȏȈȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, ȗȖȘȈȎȍȕȕȣȑ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ș ȉȓȈȋȖȋȖȊȍȕȐȍȔ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȔ ȔȖȓȟȈȕȐȐ șȔȖȚȘȍȓ ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉȖȌȘȐȓ ȍȋȖ, ȏȈȊȍȘȐȊ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȚ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ Ȍȓȧ țȌȐȊȓȍȕȐȧ. «ȇ ȋȖȊȖȘȦ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ - ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ«. ǯȈȚȍȔ Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȞȐȚȐȘȖȊȈȓ ȠȓȖȒț Ȑȏ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȍ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕȣ Ȋ Ȍțȝ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ Ȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǽȈȘȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȡȐȔȐ șȍȘȌȞȈ ȌȈȎȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ ȌțȠ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȓ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ ȗȖșȓțȠȈȚȤ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ȠȓȖȒȐ ȈȚȔȈȘȈȔȈ Ȑȏ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» (1.7.10). ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȗȕ șȕȈȟȈȓȈ șȈȔ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ȥȚț ȠȓȖȒț, șȒȈȏȈȊ, ȟȚȖ ǹȊȖȍ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȍ ȌȈșȚ ȗȖșȓȍ ȕȍȋȖ. ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ȠȓȖȒț ȒȈȒ ȗȖȌȖȉȈȍȚ țȟȍȕȖȔț, ȖȗȐȘȈȧșȤ, Ȋ ȖșȕȖȊȕȖȔ, ȕȈ ȓȖȋȐȒț. Ƕȕ ȌȈȓ ȌȍȊȧȚȤ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȑ ȠȓȖȒȐ, ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȕȣȝ ȕȈ ȓȖȋȐȒȍ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȉȣȓ șȈȔȣȔ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣȔ ȓȖȋȐȒȖȔ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ. ǪȣșȓțȠȈȊ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȏȈ ȕȈțȟȕȣȑ ȈȕȈȓȐȏ ȠȓȖȒȐ, Ȉ ȏȈȚȍȔ, ȗȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖșȤȉȍ, ȌȈȓ ȠȍșȚȤȌȍșȧȚ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȧ, ȗȖȔȐȔȖ ȌȍȊȧȚȐ, ȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȍȑ. ǪȣșȓțȠȈȊ ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ȠȓȖȒȐ ȈȚȔȈȘȈȔȈ, ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȓ ȊȣȊȖȌț, ȟȚȖ ȕȐ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȏȍȔȕȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȗȘȖȊȍșȚȐ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȕȈțȟȕȣȑ ȈȕȈȓȐȏ.* ǸȈȕȍȍ ȀȘȐ ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȈ ǨȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȣȚȈȓșȧ țȉȍȌȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȚȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȔȖȋ șȖȋȓȈșȐȚȤșȧ ș ȥȚȐȔ. ǵȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈșțȚȘȣ» Ȑ ȠȓȖȒȐ ȈȚȔȈȘȈȔȈ ȗȖȘȈȏȐȓȖ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑț. Ƕȕ ȗȖȕȧȓ, ȟȚȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȍȍ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȍ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȊ Ȋ ǵȍȔ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ DzȘȐȠȕț. ǰ ȚȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȗȘȍȌȈȓșȧ ǭȔț, ȘȈșȒȈȐȊȈȧșȤ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȘȈȕȤȠȍ ȕȍȗȖȌȖȉȈȦȡȍ 27


28 Ȋȍȓ șȍȉȧ ș ǵȐȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȉȣȓ ȚȈȒ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȖȚȊȍȘȋ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑț. ǷȖ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȐȓ ǹȍȉȧ ǭȔț: șȕȈȟȈȓȈ ǹȊȖȦ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝȘțȒțȦ ȜȖȘȔț ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȣ, Ȉ ȏȈȚȍȔ ǹȊȖȦ ȌȊțȘțȒțȦ ȜȖȘȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ș ȜȓȍȑȚȖȑ Ȋ ȘțȒȈȝ. * ǷȖȓȕȣȑ ȚȍȒșȚ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȧ, ȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȉȣ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕțȦ ȉȘȖȠȦȘț, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȕȣ ȖȚȊȍȓȐ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȞȍȓțȦ ȋȓȈȊț Ȋ ȒȕȐȋȍ «ǻȟȍȕȐȍ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ» ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȗȘȐȗȈȓ Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ, ȊȖșȝȊȈȓȧȧ ǭȋȖ, șȖȟȐȕȐȓ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȈȦȡȐȝ șȓțȟȈȦ ȠȓȖȒ. ǴȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȗȕ șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ Ȑȝ ȖȒȖȓȖ șȚȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȗȉȕȧȓ ȍȋȖ, Ȑ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ, ȊȗȈȊ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ ȥȒșȚȈȏ, țȚȘȈȚȐȓ ȜȐȏȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȊȖșȗȘȐȧȚȐȍ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǹȓȍȏȣ, ȌȘȖȎȤ, șȍȘȌȞȍȉȐȍȕȐȍ, ȐșȗȈȘȐȕȈ, ȕȈȗȓȣȊ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȚȈȕȍȞ, ȗȍȕȐȍ, ȒȘȐȒȐ - Ȋșȍ ȊȖșȍȔȤ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȖȊ ȚȘȈȕșȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȍȋȖ Țȍȓȍ. ȀȘȐ ǫȖȗȐȕȈȚȝȈ ǨȟȈȘȑȈ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖȉȘȈȌȖȊȈȓșȧ Ȑ țȌȐȊȐȓșȧ ȟțȌȍșȕȖȔț ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȐȦ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȠțȘȐȕȈ, ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȍȔț ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǰȏ șȚȈ ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȣȝ ȠȓȖȒ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȖșȖȉȖȍ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȌȊȍ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȋ ȕȐȝ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ șțȚȤ ȔȐșșȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. . ȇ ȗȘȍȌȈȦșȤ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȧȊȐȓ ǹȍȉȧ ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț. Ƕȕ - ȖȒȍȈȕ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ. Ƕȕ ȕȐȏȖȠȍȓ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȈȚȤ ȕȈȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȕȈțȟȐȚȤ ȕȈș ȕȍȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǭȔț. . ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ș ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȟȐșȚȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȖ ȏȈȉȊȍȕȐȦ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȐȓ ǹȍȉȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȖȏȘȖȌȐȚȤ ȥȚȐ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȣ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȧ ȗȘȐȗȈȌȈȦ Ȓ ǭȋȖ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ, ȟȚȖ șȓȖȊȖ ȔțȒȚȐ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȐȕȖȕȐȔȖȔ șȓȖȊȈ «ǪȐȠȕț» (dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ). ǬȖșȚȐȟȤ ȔțȒȚȐ, ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȖȚ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ, ȏȕȈȟȐȚ ȏȈȕȧȚȤșȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǯȈȚȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȆȎȕțȦ ǰȕȌȐȦ Ȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȊȠȐȝșȧ ȕȈ ǭȋȖ ȗțȚȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȓ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ȅȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȓȐ ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȊșȚȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ - ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȉȍȘȍȋȖȊ ǫȖȌȈȊȈȘȐ, ȋȌȍ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓșȧ șȖ ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȖȑ ǸȈȑȍȔ, ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ ǴȈȌȘȈșȈ, ȕȈȔȍșȚȕȐȒȖȔ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǷȘȈȚȈȗȈȘțȌȘȣ, ȞȈȘȧ ǶȘȐșșȣ. ǭȋȖ ȉȍșȍȌȣ ș ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȖȑ ǸȈȑȍȔ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȈȎȕȣ Ȍȓȧ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǶȕȐ șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȕȍȉȖȓȤȠțȦ ȒȕȐȋț, ȏȌȍșȤ Ȏȍ Ȕȣ ȌȈȍȔ ȓȐȠȤ Ȑȝ ȒȘȈȚȒȖȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǸȈȑ ȉȣȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ, ȝȖȚȧ ȜȖȘȔȈȓȤȕȖ, ȗȖ șȖȞȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȦ, ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȓ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍ Ȓ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ, Ȉ Ȓ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȕȐȏȒȖȑ ȒȈșȚȍ. Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȓ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȧ Ȑ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȉȣȓ ȊȣșȖȒȖȗȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȟȐȕȖȊȕȐȒȖȔ. ǰ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȗȘȐȏȕȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ, ȗȘȐȕȧȊ ȊȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȋȓțȉȐȕț ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ ȐȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȕȈțȒȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȚȈȒȎȍ Ȑ ȀȘȐȓț ǽȈȘȐȌȈșȈ ǺȝȈȒțȘȈ, ȖȌȕȖȋȖ Ȑȏ ȗȍȘȊȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȉȣȓ ȊȣȝȖȌȞȍȔ Ȑȏ ȔțșțȓȤȔȈȕșȒȖȑ șȍȔȤȐ. ǭșȚȤ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȣ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȣȝȖȌȞȍȊ Ȑȏ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȖȉȡȐȕ, șȍȒȚ Ȑ ȒȈșȚ. ǭȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȒȘȐȚȍȘȐȍȔ Ȍȓȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȉȣȓ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ȒȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ. ǭȋȖ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȖȊȈȓȈ ȕȍ ȊȕȍȠȕȧȧ ȖȉȖȓȖȟȒȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, Ȉ ȌțȠȈ Ȑ 28


29 ȍȍ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ. ǰȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȧ ȔȐșșȐȖȕȍȘșȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȟȐșȚȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȒțȓȤȚ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, ȐȓȐ ȒțȓȤȚ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ: șȖȞȐȖȓȖȋȐȍȑ, ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȖȑ, ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȍȔ Ȑ ȚȖȔț ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȔȐ șȜȍȘȈȔȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ ȟȐșȚȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȤ ȌțȠȐ. Ǫ ȉȍșȍȌȍ șȖ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȖȑ ǸȈȑȍȔ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǫȖȌȈȊȈȘȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ țȗȖȔȧȕțȓ Ȗ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȐȕȌțșȣ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǸȈȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ, ȟȚȖ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ, - șȐșȚȍȔȣ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȒȈșȚ Ȑ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ țȒȓȈȌȖȊ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ - ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ. ǷȖ ȔȕȍȕȐȦ Ȏȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, șȐșȚȍȔȈ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȕȈ Ȑ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȔȈȓȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș ȊȣșȠȐȔ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȍȑ. ǪȣșȠȍȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖ ȔȍȘȍ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤ șȍȉȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȍȚ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȐȌțȡȍȍ ȗȖ ȥȚȖȔț ȗțȚȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ - ȊȍȘȠȐȕȈ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȈ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ȇȊȐȊȠȐșȤ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȖȊȈȓ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț ȎȐȊȖȔț șțȡȍșȚȊț ȐȌȚȐ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȥȚȐȔ ȗțȚȍȔ. Ǫșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȗȖȧȊȐȓȐșȤ Ȑȏ ǩȖȋȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǭȔț, ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȧ ǭȔț ȊșȦ șȊȖȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈș ȖȒȘțȎȈȍȚ, ȚȈȒȎȍ ȍșȚȤ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ȅȚȖ ȗțȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȍȌȍȚ Ȓ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȖȔț șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț, ȖȌȖȉȘȍȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȔȐ ȈȟȈȘȤȧȔȐ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȋȖ Ȑ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȋȖ. ǹȐșȚȍȔȈ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ Ȋ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȑ ȐȓȐ ȔȍȕȤȠȍȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȈ ȕȈ ȔȖȘȈȓȤȕȣȝ Ȑ ȥȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȝ. ǷȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ȚȈȒȖȊȖȋȖ ȐȋȘȈȍȚ Ȋ ȕȍȑ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȊȚȖȘȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕțȦ ȘȖȓȤ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȖȚȊȍȘȋ ȥȚț șȐșȚȍȔț ȒȈȒ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȕțȦ Ȑ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌț ǸȈȑȈ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȤ ȘȈȏȉȖȘ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǸȈȑ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ ȖȚȘȍȟȤșȧ ȖȚ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ șȊȧȏȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȈ» (9.27) ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚ: «ǿȚȖ ȉȣ Țȣ ȕȐ ȌȍȓȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȉȣ ȕȐ ȍȓ Ȑ ȕȐ ȖȚȌȈȊȈȓ Ȑ ȒȈȒȐȍ ȉȣ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȤȐ ȕȐ ȕȈȓȈȋȈȓ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ - ȌȍȓȈȑ ȥȚȖ, Ȗ șȣȕ DzțȕȚȐ, ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȒȈȒ ȗȖȌȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ Ǵȕȍ». ǺȈȒȖȍ șȈȔȖȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȕȖȋȖ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȈ ȗȖȘȧȌȖȒ ȊȣȠȍ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȑ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȐ șȐșȚȍȔȣ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ, ȕȖ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȊȗȖȓȕȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȚȊȍȘȋ Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌț ǸȈȑȈ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȚȤ. ǬȈȓȍȍ ǸȈȑ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ ȖȚȘȍȟȤșȧ ȖȚ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ Ȑ ȊșȚȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȖȌȖȉȘȐȓ Ȑ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ, țȒȈȏȈȊ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȘȍȏȒȖ ȔȍȕȧȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȎȍȓȈȍȔȖȋȖ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȈ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǸȈȑ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȖȎȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, șȊȖȉȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ, - ȥȚȖ ȊȣșȠȍȍ, ȟȍȋȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖȉȐȚȤșȧ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȚȊȍȘȋ Ȑ ȥȚȖ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȗȖȌ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȋȖȔ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȕȍȌȖȉȘȖșȖȊȍșȚȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ țȎȍ ȕȈȓȖȔȈȓȐ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȌȘȖȊ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȥȚȖ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȐȚȤ șȘȈȏț. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǸȈȑ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍȍ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ ș ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȔȐ șȍȉȧ ȌțȠȈȔȐ Ȑ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖȍ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ, ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȐȋȘȣ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ȅȚȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȖȌȒȘȍȗȓȍȕȖ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȖȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȌȎȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȒȈȏȈȓ, ȟȚȖ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ - ȈȌȎȐȚȈ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ǺȖȚ, ȒȖȋȖ ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȉȍȌȐȚȤ Ȑ Ȓ ȒȖȔț ȕȐȒȚȖ 29


30 ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȚȤșȧ. ǵȖ ȈȌȎȐȚȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȌȎȐȚȖȑ (ȗȖȉȍȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ) ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȘȖșȚȖȋȖ Ȑ ȓȍȋȒȖȋȖ ȔȍȚȖȌȈ. ȅȚȖȚ ȔȍȚȖȌ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȚȤ ȊȣșȖȒȖȔȍȘȕȖ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȚȤ șȍȉȧ ǹȈȔȐȔ ǩȖȋȖȔ. ǵțȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȣȔ Ȑ ȗȖȒȖȘȕȣȔ Ȑ șȚȈȘȈȚȤșȧ ȎȐȚȤ ȔȐȘȕȖ, ȊȕȐȔȈȧ ȘȍȟȈȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȍȑ șȍȉȧ ȌțȠȐ Ȗ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ - ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ, ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȦȡȍȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǷȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȕȖ Ȑȝ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ țȟȐȓȐ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȘȖșȚȖ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȍȋȖ șȍȉȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ.* ǶșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȑ șȍȉȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ - ȥȚȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȓșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȋȈȔ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȍ, ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ Ȑȝ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ. ǴȐȘ Ȑ ȌȘțȎȉȈ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ, ȓȐȠȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ș ǩȖȋȖȔ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȈȒ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȒȈȒȖȍ ȉȣ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ Ȗȕ ȕȐ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓ, ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍ ȐșȒȈȓ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ș ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ Ȑ șȓțȠȈȓ Ȑȝ ȚȍȘȗȍȓȐȊȖ Ȑ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ. ǵȐ ȊȣșȖȒȖȍ, ȕȐ ȕȐȏȒȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȍȔ ȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȗțȚȐ Ȓ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǭȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ, ȟȚȖ ȚȘȍȉțȍȚșȧ, - ȘȍȋțȓȧȘȕȖ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠțȦ șȍȉȧ ȌțȠț. ǻȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȟȐȚȈȚȤ ȓȍȒȞȐȐ ȗȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȗȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȐȝ ȈȟȈȘȤȍȊ, ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȝ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȖȊȈȓ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȘȖșȚȖȑ ȔȍȚȖȌ, ȊȍȌțȡȐȑ Ȓ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ Ȑ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣȑ ȗȖȌ ȐȔȍȕȍȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖ Ȍȓȧ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ. * ǴȍȎȌțȕȈȘȖȌȕȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ șȖȏȌȈȕȖ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȥȚȐȝ ȚȍȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȑ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǸȈȑ, ȌȊȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȏȈȚȘȖȕțȓȐ Ȋ șȊȖȍȑ ȉȍșȍȌȍ Ȑ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȚȍȔȣ, ȕȖ șȍȑȟȈș Ȕȣ șȖȏȕȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȕȍ ȒȈșȈȍȔșȧ Ȑȝ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț, ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȟȍȔ șȓțȠȈȚȤ Ȗ ȌȈȓȤȕȍȑȠȐȝ ȉȍșȍȌȈȝ ș ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȖȑ ǸȈȑȍȔ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ. ǩȍșȍȌȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȣ ǸȈȑȈ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȣ ȕȈȔȐ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȖȑ ȒȕȐȋȍ («ǻȟȍȕȐȍ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ»). Ǫ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȑ ȊșȚȘȍȟȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȍ ǸȈȑț țȑȚȐ ș ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ șȓțȎȉȣ Ȑ ȗȖșȍȓȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȎȐȚȤ ȊȔȍșȚȍ Ȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔȐ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ. ǹȗțșȚȧ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǸȈȑ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ șȓțȎȉț Ȑ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȖȚ ȞȈȘȧ ȗȍȕșȐȦ. Ƕȕ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȋ șȊȖȑ ȌȖȔ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ, ȋȌȍ șȚȈȓ ȖȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ șȈȔȣȝ ȉȓȐȏȒȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ǫ ǷțȘȐ ȉȣȓ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȍȡȍ ȖȌȐȕ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȉȣȓ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȉȓȐȏȖȒ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǭȋȖ ȏȊȈȓȐ ȀȐȒȝȐ ǴȈȝȐȚȐ. ǺȈȒ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ ȏȈ ȌȖȊȍȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȉȍșȍȌȈȔȐ Ȗ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȧȝ ș ȚȘȍȔȧ ȐȓȐ ȟȍȚȣȘȤȔȧ ȕȈȗȍȘșȕȐȒȈȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȊȍȓ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȥȒșȚȈȏȍ ȊȖșȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȓȍȚ. ȅȚȐ ȉȍșȍȌȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȏȈȗȐșȈȕȣ ǭȋȖ ȓȐȟȕȣȔ șȍȒȘȍȚȈȘȍȔ ȀȘȐ ǬȈȔȖȌȈȘȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȖȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ ȉȓȐȏȒȐȝ ǭȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȗȖ ȆȎȕȖȑ ǰȕȌȐȐ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ șȊȧȚȖȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȠȚȘȣ, ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣȑ ȗȖȌ ȐȔȍȕȍȔ ǹȊȧȚȖȋȖ ǺțȒȈȘȈȔȣ, ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ǹȊȧȚȖȑ ǺțȒȈȘȈȔȈ ȕȈȊȖȌȕȐȓ ȊșȦ ȗȘȖȊȐȕȞȐȦ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȠȚȘȣ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȖȑ, Ȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ ȗȖȚȖȒ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȕȍ ȐșșȧȒ Ȋ ȦȋȖ-ȏȈȗȈȌȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȐȕȌȐȑșȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȓțȖșȚȘȖȊȈ ȌȖ șȐȝ ȗȖȘ. Ǫ ȆȎȕȖȑ ǰȕȌȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȓ ȌȊȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȈȎȕȣȍ ȌȘȍȊȕȐȍ ȒȕȐȋȐ: «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ30


31 șȈȔȝȐȚț»* Ȑ «DzȘȐȠȕȈ-ȒȈȘȕȈȔȘȐȚț». ǶȕȐ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ șȖȉȖȑ Ȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȍ ȚȘțȌȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ. ǯȈȊȍȘȠȐȊ ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊȐȍ ȗȖ ȆȎȕȖȑ ǰȕȌȐȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ. * DzȘȈȚȒȖȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». DzȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ, Ȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȚȖșȒȖȊȈȊȠȐȔ Ȋ ȘȈȏȓțȒȍ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, ȊȍȘȕțȓȈșȤ ȎȐȏȕȤ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖșȚȈȊȈȓșȧ ș ȕȐȔȐ, ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȧșȤ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȐȋȘȈȔ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȐȑ. ǵȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ ȏȕȈȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȥȗȐȏȖȌ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ șȊȧȏȈȕ ș ȈțȌȐȍȕȞȐȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ Ȗȕ ȌȈȓ ȞȈȘȦ ǷȘȈȚȈȗȈȘțȌȘȍ. ǾȈȘȤ ǷȘȈȚȈȗȈȘțȌȘȈ ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ șȟȐȚȈȓ șȍȉȧ ȖȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ ǭȋȖ șȓțȋ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȌȖȊȍȘȍȕȈ țȉȖȘȒȈ ȝȘȈȔȈ. ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȊȣșȖȒȖ ȖȞȍȕȐȓ ȚȈȒȖȍ șȔȐȘȍȕȐȍ ȞȈȘȧ. ǾȈȘȤ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑț Ȑ ǸȈȑȈ țșȚȘȖȐȚȤ ȍȔț ȊșȚȘȍȟț ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǵȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȌȊȖȍ ǭȋȖ ȊȍȘȕȣȝ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓȐ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ƕȕ ȕȈȖȚȘȍȏ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȓșȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȑȝ ȗȘȖșȤȉț, ȕȍȊȏȐȘȈȧ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȈ ȐșȝȖȌȐȓȈ ȖȚ ȌȊțȝ ǭȋȖ ȓȐȟȕȣȝ șȗțȚȕȐȒȖȊ: ǸȈȔȈȕȈȕȌȣ ǸȈȑȈ Ȑ ǹȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȣ ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ țȊȍȘȧȓ, ȟȚȖ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ȖȗȈșȕȖ ȖȉȡȈȚȤșȧ ș ȔȐȘșȒȐȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ, ȟȤȐ ȔȣșȓȐ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȣ ȌȍȕȤȋȈȔȐ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȉȣȓ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȔ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ. ǵȐ ȖȌȕȈ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȋȓȈ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȌȈȎȍ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ. ǴȍșȚȈ Ȍȓȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ ȉȣȓȐ ȖȚȊȍȌȍȕȣ ȕȈ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȔ ȘȈșșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. DzȈȒ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ Ȑ ȈȟȈȘȤȧ, Ƕȕ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȚȘȖȋȖ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȓ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ, ȒȈșȈȊȠȐȍșȧ ȗȖȊșȍȌȕȍȊȕȣȝ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ. ǷȖȔȐȔȖ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǩȖȋȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȣȔ. ǬȍȑșȚȊțȧ ȒȈȒ ȈȟȈȘȤȧ, Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȋȘȖȏȕȍȍ ȔȖȓȕȐȐ Ȑ ȕȍȎȕȍȍ ȘȖȏȣ. ǶȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ǭȋȖ șȗțȚȕȐȒȖȊ, ǽȈȘȐȌȈș ǴȓȈȌȠȐȑ, ȌȖȗțșȚȐȓ ȖȋȘȖȔȕțȦ ȖȠȐȉȒț, ș ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȍȔ ȗȖșȔȖȚȘȍȊ ȕȈ ȔȖȓȖȌțȦ ȎȍȕȡȐȕț. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȒȈȒ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ǴȓȈȌȠȍȋȖ ǽȈȘȐȌȈșȈ, ȏȈȔȍȚȐȓ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȍȋȖ țȔȍ ȗȘȖȔȍȓȤȒȕțȓȖ ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȍ, Ȑ ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ ȓȐȠȐȓ ȍȋȖ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ țȎȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȓ ȍȋȖ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ ȟȚȖ ǭȋȖ țȔȖȓȧȓȐ ȗȘȖșȚȐȚȤ ǽȈȘȐȌȈșț ȍȋȖ ȖȠȐȉȒț. ǴȓȈȌȠȐȑ ǽȈȘȐȌȈș, ȓȐȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȒȖȕȟȐȓ ș șȖȉȖȑ, Ȑ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ șȈȔȖțȉȐȑșȚȊȍ ȊșȒȖȘȍ șȖȖȉȡȐȓȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǵȖ Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȏȈȉȣȓ Ȗ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖșȚțȗȒȍ, șȒȈȏȈȊ, ȟȚȖ ǽȈȘȐȌȈș ȗȖȕȍș șȗȘȈȊȍȌȓȐȊȖȍ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȌȍȓȖ ȒȈșȈȓȖșȤ ȌȐșȞȐȗȓȐȕȣ Ȑ șȖȉȓȦȌȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȓ ȒȖȔȗȘȖȔȐșșȖȊ Ȑ, ȝȖȚȧ Ƕȕ ȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȞȈȘȤ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȖȚȒȈȏȈȓșȧ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȚȤșȧ ș ȕȐȔ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȓȐȠȤ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȚ ȉȣȓ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȔ ș ȌȍȕȤȋȈȔȐ. ǺȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȌȈȓ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȊȍșȚȐ șȍȉȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș ȌȍȕȤȋȈȔȐ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ Ȑ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȐȏȉȍȋȈȚȤ ȚȍșȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ș ȕȐȔȐ. ǵȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ țșȚȘȖȐȓȐ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖ ȞȈȘȤ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ țȌȖșȚȖȐȓșȧ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȊȖȏȓȦȉȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȚȤ Ȓ ȕȍȖȜȐȚț ȉȖȓȤȠȍȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȌțȠȐȍ, ȟȍȔ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȑ șȚȖȗ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǴȐȓȖșȚȐȊȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȖȡȈȍȚ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȍ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ, ȕȖ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȍ șȚȖȗ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ - ȖȋȘȖȔȕȈȧ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȤ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ ȌȖȉȐȚȤșȧ ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȈ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ. ǷȖȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ, ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȓȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȕȈ ǸȈȚȝȈ-ȑȈȚȘȍ - ȗȘȈȏȌȕȐȒȍ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǬȎȈȋȈȕȕȈȚȝȐ. ǪȈȎȕȖȍ ȔȍșȚȖ Ȋ ȗȘȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȐ ȗȘȈȏȌȕȐȒȈ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓȈ țȉȖȘȒȈ ȝȘȈȔȈ ǫțȕȌȐȟȐ ȗȖȌ 31


32 ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȕȈȉȓȦȌȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ǭȓȧ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȈ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȖȊȔȍșȚȕȈȧ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ ȉȣȓȈ țȕȐȒȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȏȘȍȓȐȡȍȔ. ȅȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȓ ȕȈȟȈȓȖ ȥȚȖȑ ȔȈșșȖȊȖȑ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȍ, Ȑ ȓȐȌȍȘȣ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȕ ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖ ȊȈȚȤșȧ ȥȚȐȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȚȤ ȟȐșȚȖȚț ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ȔȍȎȌț ȓȦȌȤȔȐ, ȝȘȈȕȧ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȔȐȘ Ȑ ȌȘțȎȉț. Ǫ ȕȈȠȐ ȌȕȐ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȕțȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋșȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǹȗțșȚȧ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȕȖȊȈ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖ ǹȍȊȍȘȕȖȑ ǰȕȌȐȐ, ȘȍȠȐȊ ȗȖșȍȚȐȚȤ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕ Ȑ ȗȘȐȓȍȋȈȦȡȐȍ Ȓ ȕȍȔț ȘȈȑȖȕȣ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȌȎțȕȋȓȐ ǬȎȝȈȘȐȒȝȈȕȌȣ (ǴȈȌȝȑȈ-ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ), Ȋșȍ ȌȐȒȐȍ ȏȊȍȘȐ ȗȘȐșȖȍȌȐȕȧȓȐșȤ Ȓ ǭȋȖ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȍ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋȍȓ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕț, Ȉ ȚȐȋȘȣ, șȓȖȕȣ, ȔȍȌȊȍȌȐ Ȑ ȖȓȍȕȐ ȊȚȖȘȐȓȐ ǭȔț. ȅȚȐȔ Ƕȕ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ș ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȍȔ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȧ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ (șȖȊȔȍșȚȕȖȋȖ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ) ȌȈȎȍ ȌȐȒȐȍ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȎȐȚȤ Ȋ ȔȐȘȍ Ȑ ȌȘțȎȉȍ, ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ țȎȍ Ȗ ȓȦȌȧȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚșȧ, ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȉȣȚȤ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȔȐ. ǵȐ ȖȌȐȕ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ Ȋ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȍ ȖȚȒȈȎȍȚșȧ ȗȘȐșȖȍȌȐȕȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȦ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ. ǰ șȈȔȖ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȖ ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȓȐȉȖ ȒȈșȚȖȑ, ȊȍȘȖȐșȗȖȊȍȌȈȕȐȍȔ, ȞȊȍȚȖȔ ȒȖȎȐ ȐȓȐ ȉȐȖȓȖȋȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȊȐȌȖȔ. ǪȖȚ ȗȘȧȔȖȍ șȊȐȌȍȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȧ ǭȋȖ ȔȐșșȐȐ: ȌȈȎȍ ȌȐȒȐȔ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔ Ƕȕ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȐȓ țȟȈșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ǹȊȖȍȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȐ. ǵȈ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖȔ ȗțȚȐ Ȑȏ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ Ƕȕ șȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ Ȋ ǷȘȈȑȈȋ, ȋȌȍ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓșȧ ș ǸțȗȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȔȓȈȌȠȐȔ ȉȘȈȚȖȔ ǨȕțȗȈȔȖȑ. ǯȈȚȍȔ Ƕȕ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǩȍȕȈȘȍș, ȋȌȍ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȌȊțȝ ȔȍșȧȞȍȊ ȖȉțȟȈȓ ȀȘȐ ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕț ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȕȈțȒȍ. ǵȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ, ȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ ȖȉȢȍȔ, Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ Ȑȝ ȏȌȍșȤ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔ. ǶșȕȖȊȕȣȍ Ȏȍ Ȑȝ ȐȌȍȐ ȚȈȒȖȊȣ. ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ (ȘȈȕȍȍ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣȑ ȒȈȒ ǹȈȒȈȘȈ ǴȈȓȓȐȒ) șȓțȎȐȓ Ȋ ȒȈȉȐȕȍȚȍ ȔȐȕȐșȚȘȖȊ ȉȍȕȋȈȓȤșȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǵȈȉȖȉȈ ǽțșșȍȑȕȈ ȀȈȝȈ. Ƕȕ ȘȍȠȐȓ ȗȘȐșȖȍȌȐȕȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ șȓțȎȉț. ǪȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȧșȤ Ȑȏ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǪȈȘȈȕȈșȐ ț ȀȘȐ ǺȈȗȈȕȣ ǴȐȠȘȣ Ȑ ǿȈȕȌȘȈȠȍȒȝȈȘȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȓ Ȑ ȖȌȐȕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ Ȑȏ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȠȚȘȣ. Ǫ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȋȓȈȊȕȖȑ ȜȐȋțȘȖȑ Ȋ ǪȈȘȈȕȈșȐ ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ȠȒȖȓȣ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ ȀȘȐȗȈȌȈ ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț Ȋ ǪȈȘȈȕȈșȐ ǭȋȖ ȔȈșșȖȊȖȍ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȓȖ Ȓ ǵȍȔț Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȍ Ȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȍ ȟȐșȓȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǫȌȍ ȉȣ Ƕȕ ȕȐ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ Ȋ ȝȘȈȔȍ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȐ, ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȒȖȊ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȏȈ ǵȐȔ. ǶȌȕȐȝ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȓȈ ǭȋȖ ȊȕȍȠȕȖșȚȤ, ȌȘțȋȐȝ - ǭȋȖ ȔȍȓȖȌȐȟȕȣȍ, ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȍșȕȐ. ǹȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȦȚ șȍȉȧ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȖȑ. Ǫ ǪȈȘȈȕȈșȐ Ȑ ȗȖ șȍȑ ȌȍȕȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȔȕȖȋȖ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȊȐȌȍȊȠȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǭȋȖ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ, șȟȐȚȈȓȐ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ Ȑ ȍșȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ, Ȑ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȈȓȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ Ȋ ȓȈȋȍȘȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȣ. Ǫ ǰȕȌȐȐ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȐȌȍȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ ȔȍȎȌț ȠȒȖȓȈȔȐ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ Ȑ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȈ, ȗȖȓțȟȐȊ ȐȏȊȍșȚȐȧ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ Ȑ ȏȕȈȧ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ-ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ, ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȚȖȏȊȈȓșȧ Ȗ ǵȍȔ Ȋ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȐ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ șȖȖȉȡȐȓ ȥȚț ȕȖȊȖșȚȤ. Ƕȕ ȖșțȌȐȓ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȏȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ǺȖȚ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ, ȗȖ ȔȕȍȕȐȦ ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȣ, ȉȣȓȖ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȑ șȍȕȚȐȔȍȕȚȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȈ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ ȐȏțȟȐȓ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚț» Ȑ șȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ șȊȖȐȔ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔ țȌȍȓȧȚȤ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȍȑ Ȑ ȕȍ țȟȈșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ 32


33 șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȍ. ǶȌȕȖȔț ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȖȔț ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕț, șȚȈȊȠȍȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȍ ȗȖȕȘȈȊȐȓȐșȤ ȒȘȐȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȏȈȔȍȟȈȕȐȧ ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȣ, Ȑ Ȗȕ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȚȤ ǭȔț șȊȖȐ șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȧ ȗȖ ȥȚȖȔț ȗȖȊȖȌț. Ƕȕ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ ǭȔț, ȟȚȖ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍș ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȐ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȣ, ȚȖȚ Ȋ ȖȚȊȍȚ ȘȍȏȒȖ ȖȚȖȏȊȈȓșȧ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ, ȝȖȚȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ șȓȣȠȈȓ, ȒȈȒ ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȈ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȘȈȏ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȖșȐȓ ȐȔȧ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȉȣȓ țȌȐȊȓȍȕ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȋ ȊȣȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ «DzȘȐȠȕȈ» ȌȈȎȍ ȖȌȐȕ ȘȈȏ, ȝȖȚȧ ȕȍȖȌȕȖȒȘȈȚȕȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȖșȐȓ ȐȔȧ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ. ǻȓȣȉȈȧșȤ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕț, ȗȖȟȍȔț ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȚȐ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ: «ǴȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȝȖȚȧ ț ȕȐȝ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȕȈ țșȚȈȝ ȚȈȒȐȍ șȓȖȊȈ, ȒȈȒ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ, ȈȚȔȈ, ȟȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. Ǩ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȚȐ ǭȋȖ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ. ǰȔȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ǹȈȔȖȔț DzȘȐȠȕȍ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǫ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȔ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ ȕȍȚ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȣ ȔȍȎȌț ȐȔȍȕȍȔ, ȜȖȘȔȖȑ Ȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȚȈȔ Ȋșȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖȔ. ǵȍȚ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȣ ȔȍȎȌț ȚȍȓȖȔ Ȑ ȌțȠȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ȅȚȐȔ Ƕȕ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȊȈȦȚ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ șȊȖȍȔț ȊȕȍȠȕȍȔț Țȍȓț. DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȔȐȘșȒȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȗȖ-ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȔț ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, DzȘȐȠȕț, ǭȋȖ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ, șȓȈȊț Ȑ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș ǵȐȔ. ǭȋȖ ȐȔȧ, șȓȈȊȈ, ȜȖȘȔȈ Ȑ ȐȋȘȣ - ȍȌȐȕȈȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ șțȡȕȖșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ - ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȕȍșȘȈȊȕȍȕȕȖ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȟȍȔ ȚȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ șȓȐȧȕȐȍ șȖ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȔ. ǭșȓȐ ȉȣ ȥȚȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȕȍ ȚȈȒ, ȚȖ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ țȎȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȓȖ ȉȣ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ ȐȋȘ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ». ǪșȒȖȘȍ ȗȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȖȏȊȈȓȐ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȍ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȍ, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȉȣȓȐ ȗȘȐȋȓȈȠȍȕȣ Ȋșȍ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌț ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ. ǵȈ ȥȚȖȔ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȐ ȌȊȖȍ țȟȍȕȣȝ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȑ ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȈ) ȌȖȓȋȖ ȉȍșȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ Ȗ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȧȝ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȧ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ. ǵȐȎȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚșȧ ȒȘȈȚȒȖȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȑ ȉȍșȍȌȣ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ-ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȈ șȗȘȖșȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȗ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ, ȗȖ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ Ƕȕ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȚ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȦ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȣ». ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȟȚȍȕȐȍ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȣ» ȊȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȏȈșȚȈȊȐȓȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ țȊȓȍȟȤșȧ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȖȑ? ǵȈ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȖȗȘȖș ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ: «ȇ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦ țȟȈșȚȐȍ Ȋ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȐ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ Ȑ ȕȍ ȐȏțȟȈȦ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚț", ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȧ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȋȓțȗȍȞ». ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȓ ǹȍȉȧ ȖȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȋȓțȗȞȖȊ ȥȚȖȑ ȥȗȖȝȐ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȕȍșȗȖșȖȉȕȣȝ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ». ǰȏțȟȍȕȐȍ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ» ȋȓțȗȞȈȔȐ țȎȍ ȗȘȐȊȍȓȖ Ȓ ȝȈȖșț Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȓ: 33


34 «Ǩ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȇ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȋȓțȗȍȞ, ǴȖȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȏȈȗȘȍȚȐȓ Ǵȕȍ ȏȈȉȈȊȓȧȚȤșȧ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȍȑ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ». Ƕȕ șȒȈȏȈȓ, ȟȚȖ Ǵȕȍ ȓțȟȠȍ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȚȤ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚ Ǵȍȕȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ ȕȍȚ ȐȕȖȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȍȔ ǭȋȖ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ. ǴȖȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȕȈțȟȐȓ Ǵȍȕȧ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȖȌȕȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ [Ȑȏ «ǩȘȐȝȈȕ-ȕȈȘȈȌȐȑȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȣ»]: ǰȕ ǷțȘȗ ȝȈȘȍȘ ȕȈȔȈ ȝȈȘȍȘ ȕȈȔȈ ȝȈȘȍȘ ȕȈȔȈȐȊȈ ȒȍȊȈȓȈȔ ȒȈȓȈț ȕȈșȚȑ ȥȊȈ ȕȈșȚȑ ȥȊȈ ȕȈșȚȑ ȥȊȈ ȋȈȚȐȘ ȈȕȑȈȚȝȈ ǺȈȒ, ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǴȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, ȇ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȦ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǽȈȘȐ Ȑ ȉȍȏ țȔȈ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ. ǹȚȖȐȚ Ǵȕȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȚȐ ȍȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȇ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȏȈȉȣȊȈȦ ǹȍȉȧ: ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȇ șȔȍȦșȤ, ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȗȓȈȟț Ȑ ȚȈȕȞțȦ, ȒȈȒ șțȔȈșȠȍȌȠȐȑ. ȇ ȘȍȠȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȖȠȍȓ ș țȔȈ ȖȚ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ, Ȑ șȗȘȖșȐȓ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. Ƕȕ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ Ǵȕȍ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒȐȔ Ȑ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȧ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ, ȊȣȏȣȊȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȥȔȖȞȐȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȘȍȌȒȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȕȈȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ - ȥȚȖ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȍȑșȧ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȞȍȓȤȦ ȎȐȏȕȐ. dzȦȉȖȊȤ Ȓ ǩȖȋț ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ [ȔțȒȚȐ] Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȧȚȖȑ șȚȈȌȐȍȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȌȈȎȍ ȊȣȠȍ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǪȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȍ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ ȕȈ ȥȚț șȚȈȌȐȦ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, Ȑ, Ȓ șȟȈșȚȤȦ, Ǵȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȌȈȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ». ǻșȓȣȠȈȊ ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȥȚȐ șȓȖȊȈ, șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ-ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ ȗȖȐȕȚȍȘȍșȖȊȈȓșȧ, ȗȖȟȍȔț Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚț» ȕȈȘȧȌț ș ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȍȔ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ. ǷȘȈȒȈȠȈȕȈȕȌȈ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȉȣȓ ȐȏȊȍșȚȍȕ ȒȈȒ ǵȐȔȈȐ ǷȈȕȌȐȚ, țȟȍȕȣȑ Ȑȏ ǵȈȊȈȌȊȐȗȣ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȐȑ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț, ȊȣȌȈȊȈȧ ǹȍȉȧ ȏȈ ȋȓțȗȞȈ, Ƕȕ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȗȘȍșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȒȈȒțȦ-ȚȖ ȞȍȓȤ. ǵȈ ȊȖȗȘȖș șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, țȓȣȉȈȧșȤ, ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓ: «ǴȖȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ, ȍșȓȐ Țȣ ȕȍ ȊȖȏȘȈȎȈȍȠȤ, ȇ ȖȚȊȍȟț ȕȈ ȚȊȖȑ ȊȖȗȘȖș». ǪșȍȔ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȖȊȈȊȠȐȔ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȖȕȘȈȊȐȓȈșȤ ȗȘȧȔȖȚȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȍȌȐȕȖȌțȠȕȖ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȖȉȐȌȧȚșȧ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȉȣ ȕȐ ȉȣȓ ǭȋȖ ȖȚȊȍȚ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȒȈȏȈȓ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȍ: ««ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȈ" șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȑȏ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ șȓȖȊ ȐȓȐ ȏȊțȒȖȊ, ȐȏȘȍȟȍȕȕȣȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ" ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȒȖȊ, șȊȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȧȔ: ȖȠȐȉȖȒ, ȐȓȓȦȏȐȑ, ȖȉȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊ. Ǫ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȍ" ȊȣȘȈȎȍȕ șȔȣșȓ ǻȗȈȕȐȠȈȌ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ, Ȗ ȟȍȔ ȚȈȔ ȗȘȧȔȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖ ȗȘȍȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ. ǺȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȐ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȓ șțȚȘȍ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȈȒȐȍ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȐ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȘȚȧȚ. ǹȓȖȊȖ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ" țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȍȋȖ - ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕ Ȋșȍȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊ Ȑ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋșȍȝ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ, ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ - ȥȚȖ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȉ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȐȕȚȍȘȗȘȍȚȈȞȐȐ șȒȘȣȊȈȦȚ ȥȚȖ, țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȧ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȍȕ. Ǫșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȟȐșȓȍ ȜȖȘȔȈ, ȚȍȓȖ, ȔȍșȚȖȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. Ǫșȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȊȍȟȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǨȟȈȘȑȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈ ȕȍ ȊȐȕȖȊȈȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȌȈȓ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȍ ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ, ȕȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȍȋȖ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȖȉȘȍȟȍȕ. ǪșȧȒȐȑ, ȒȚȖ șȟȐȚȈȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ 34


35 ȟȍȔ-ȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ, ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȑ ȉȖȋȖȝțȓȤȕȐȒ». ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȈȏȋȖȊȈȘȐȊȈȓ ș șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ, ȒȈȒ Ƕȕ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ ș ǩȝȈȚȚȈȟȈȘȑȍȑ Ȋ ǷțȘȐ, Ȑ țȉȍȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȈȘȋțȔȍȕȚȈȔȐ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓ ȕȍșȖșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȑ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ-șțȚȘȣ», ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȈȦȚ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ. Ǫșȍ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȖȊȈȊȠȐȍ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈșȐȓȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȓȐȞȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ ǪȍȌ Ȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǫșȍ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ȊșȚȈȓȐ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ; Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȐȕȧȓȐ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȑ ȏȈȚȍȔ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȐȓȐ ȚȘȈȗȍȏț ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȐȧ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ ȗȖȗțȓȧȘȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ǪȈȘȈȕȈșȐ ȊȖȏȘȖșȓȈ ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ, Ȑ ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȚȈȓȐ șȖȉȐȘȈȚȤșȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȓ ȗȍȘȊȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ȠȘȐȔȈȌȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ Ȑ ȖȌȍȘȎȈȓ ȗȖȉȍȌț ȕȈȌ ȊșȍȔȐ ȗȘȖȟȐȔȐ șȐșȚȍȔȈȔȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍșȤ ǪȈȘȈȕȈșȐ ȉȣȓ ȖȝȊȈȟȍȕ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍȔ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ǪȈȘȈȕȈșȐ ȚțȌȈ Ȏȍ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ, ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ șȓțȎȉț, ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǬȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȖȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ ȊȣșȖȒȖȗȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȟȐȕȖȊȕȐȒȖȊ Ȋ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȍ ǩȍȕȋȈȓȐȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓȈșȤ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ ǵȈȉȖȉȈ ǽțșșȍȑȕȈ ȀȈȝȈ. ǻȝȖȌȧ ș ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ șȓțȎȉȣ, Ȗȕ șȚȖȓȒȕțȓșȧ ș ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǵȈȉȖȉ ȕȍ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȖȚȗțșȒȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ. ǵȖ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȉȣȓ Ȋ ǪȈȘȈȕȈșȐ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȍȗȖȌȈȓ ȍȔț ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȣ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. Ƕȕ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ ȍȔț Ȗȉ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ; Ȗ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ ȍȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ; ȍȋȖ Ȋȍȟȕȣȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ; ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ǭȋȖ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȧȝ Ȋ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȧȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ; Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ Ƕȕ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȟȈșȚȧȔȐ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; Ȗ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ ǭȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȐ; Ȗ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ Ȑ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ șȚȈȌȐȧȝ ȍȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ; Ȗ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȝ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ; Ȗ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȈȝ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȊȍȒȈ Ȑ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȖȊȍȘȐȚȤ Ȑȝ, ȖșȕȖȊȣȊȈȧșȤ ȕȈ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ. ǵȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȌȈȓ ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȉȖȓȤȠțȦ ȋȓȈȊț Ȋ «ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ-ȟȈȘȐȚȈȔȘȐȚȍ», Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȚȤ Ȑȝ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȌȍȚȈȓȧȝ, ȗȖȚȘȍȉȖȊȈȓșȧ ȉȣ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȚȖȔ. ǶȕȐ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȣ Ȋ ȕȈȠȍȑ ȒȕȐȋȍ «ǻȟȍȕȐȍ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ». Ǫ ǴȈȚȝțȘȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖșȔȖȚȘȍȓ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȐȔȍȟȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȔȍșȚȈ, Ȉ ȏȈȚȍȔ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȊȖ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȓ Ȑȏ șȍȔȤȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȊȣșȖȒȖȑ ȒȈșȚȣ Ȑ, ȉȖȓȍȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, ȉȣȓ ȕȈșȚȈȊȕȐȒȖȔ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȈȘȕ Ȑ ȈȠȘȈȔȖȊ. ǵȖ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȓ ȗȐȡț ȖȚ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ Ȋșȍȝ ȒȓȈșșȖȊ. Ǫ ǴȈȚȝțȘȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ Ȑȏ ȒȈșȚȣ șȈȕȖȌȐȑȈ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȖ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ ȕȐȏȠȐȔ ȒȓȈșșȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȓ ȗȐȡț Ȑ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȝȖȏȧȐȕ ȖȒȈȏȈȓșȧ țȟȍȕȐȒȖȔ Ȑȏ șȍȔȤȐ* ǴȈȌȝȈȊȍȕȌȘȣ ǷțȘȐ. * ǷȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȊȠȍȔț ȖȉȣȟȈȦ, țȟȍȕȐȒȐ ȋțȘț ȗȘȐȟȐșȓȧȓȐșȤ Ȓ ȍȋȖ ȋȖȚȘȍ (șȍȔȤȍ). (ȗȘȐȔ. ȗȍȘ.) ǪȖ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȐ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȣȝ ȔȍșȚȈȝ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȋȝȈȚȈȝ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȠȍȓ ȟȍȘȍȏ Ȋșȍ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣȝ ȊȈȕ (ȓȍșȖȊ). Ǫșȍ ȒȖȘȖȊȣ Ȑ ȗȚȐȞȣ Ȋ ȥȚȐȝ ȔȍșȚȈȝ ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ ǭȋȖ, ȉțȌȚȖ Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ Ȑȝ 35


36 ȌȈȊȕȐȔ ȌȘțȋȖȔ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȓșȧ ȖȉȕȐȔȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧ Ȋ ȥȚȐȝ ȓȍșȈȝ Ȑ ȗȖȋȘțȎȈȓșȧ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ ȥȒșȚȈȏ. ǷȖȘȖȑ Ƕȕ ȗȈȌȈȓ ȉȍȏ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȕȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȓȐ Ȋ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȏȊțȒȈȔȐ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. Ǫșȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȥȒșȚȈȏȈ, ȗȖȧȊȐȊȠȐȍșȧ ț ǵȍȋȖ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȗȖ ȓȍșț ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ, țȕȐȒȈȓȤȕȣ Ȑ ȕȍȗȖșȚȐȎȐȔȣ. Ǵȣ ȓȐȠȤ ȊȒȘȈȚȞȍ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȔ Ȑȝ. ǪȖȚ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȌȖșȚȖȗȘȐȔȍȟȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȔȍșȚ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖșȍȚȐȓ ȊȖ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȍ: DzȈȔȑȈȊȈȕȈ, ǨȌȐȠȊȈȘȈ, ǷȈȊȈȕȈ-șȈȘȖȊȈȘȈ, DzȝȈȌȐȘȈȊȈȕȈ, ȀȍȠȈȠȈȑȐ, DzȝȍȓȈ-ǺȐȘȚȝȈ, ǩȝȈȕȌȐȘȈȊȈȕȈ, ǩȝȈȌȘȈȊȈȕȈ, ȀȘȐȊȈȕȈ, dzȈțȝȈȊȈȕȈ, ǴȈȝȈȊȈȕȈ, ǫȖȒțȓȈ, DzȈȓȐȑȈ-ȝȘȈȌȈ, ǬȊȈȌȈȠȈȌȐȚȑȈ, DzȍȠȐ-ȚȐȘȚȝȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ. ǻȊȐȌȍȊ ȔȍșȚȖ, ȋȌȍ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȚȈȕȍȞ ȘȈșȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ țȗȈȓ ȉȍȏ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȗȖȋȘțȏȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕș. ǷȖȒȈ Ƕȕ ȖșȚȈȊȈȓșȧ ȊȖ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȍ, Ƕȕ ȎȐȓ ț ǨȒȘțȘȈ-ȋȝȈȚȣ. ǭȋȖ ȓȐȟȕȣȑ șȓțȋȈ DzȘȐȠȕȈȌȈș ǪȐȗȘȈ țȋȖȊȈȘȐȊȈȓ ǭȋȖ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ Ȋ ǷȘȈȑȈȋ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȚȈȔ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǴȈȋȝȈ Ǵȍȓȣ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ǷȘȈȑȈȋ. ǷȖ ȗțȚȐ ȐȔ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓȖșȤ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȈȚȈȕȖȊ, șȘȍȌȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓ țȟȍȕȣȑ ȔțȓȓȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȊȍȓ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȉȍșȍȌ ș ȔțȓȓȖȑ Ȑ ȍȋȖ șȗțȚȕȐȒȈȔȐ Ȑ țȉȍȌȐȓ Ȕțȓȓț Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ DzȖȘȈȕȍ ȚȖȎȍ ȍșȚȤ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ Ȑ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. Ǫșȍ ȗȈȚȈȕȣ șȚȈȓȐ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǷȖ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȐ Ȋ ǷȘȈȑȈȋ, ȖȒȖȓȖ ȝȘȈȔȈ ǩȐȕȌț-ȔȈȌȝȈȊȣ ǭȋȖ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓȐ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǸțȗȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȔȓȈȌȠȐȑ ȉȘȈȚ. ǵȈ șȍȑ ȘȈȏ ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ǷȘȈȑȈȋȈ ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ. ǪȈȓȓȈȉȝȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈ, ȎȐȊȠȐȑ ȕȈ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȖȔ ȖȚ ǷȘȈȑȈȋȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț Ȋ ȌȍȘȍȊȕȍ ǨȌȈȐȓȈ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ǭȋȖ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȌȖȔȍ, ȕȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȐ ȗȍȘȍȗȘȈȊȓȧȓȐșȤ ȟȍȘȍȏ DZȈȔțȕț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȉȘȖșȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȘȍȒț. ǹ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔ ȚȘțȌȖȔ ǭȋȖ Ȋ ȉȍșșȖȏȕȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ țȌȈȓȖșȤ ȊȣȚȈȡȐȚȤ Ȑȏ ȊȖȌȣ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ Ƕȕ ȗȖȗȈȓ Ȋ ȌȖȔ ǪȈȓȓȈȉȝȐ ǩȝȈȚȚȣ. ǪȈȓȓȈȉȝȈ ǩȝȈȚȚȈ ȉȣȓ ȖȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ ǭȋȖ ȋȖȘȧȟȐȝ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȕȐȒȖȊ, ȕȖ ȊȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȐ ȖșȕȖȊȈȓ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ - ǪȈȓȓȈȉȝȈ-șȈȔȗȘȈȌȈȑț. ǵȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǬȈȠȈȠȊȈȔȍȌȝȈ-ȋȝȈȚȣ Ȋ ǷȘȈȑȈȋȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȌȍșȧȚȐ Ȍȕȍȑ ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȖ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȧȓ Ǹțȗț ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȋ ȕȈțȒȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. Ƕȕ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȓ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȌȍȓȧȚșȧ ȕȈ 8 400 000 ȊȐȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǯȈȚȍȔ Ƕȕ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ȍȔț Ȗ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȐȝ ȜȖȘȔȈȝ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȐȊȠȐșȤ ȕȈ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔ. ǰȏ ȕȐȝ Ƕȕ ȊȣȌȍȓȐȓ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȘȈȌȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȈȔȐ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȚȘțȌȈ, Ȉ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ - ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȖȊ-ȥȔȗȐȘȐȒȖȊ Ȑ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ, Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ, - ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ. Ƕȕ șȒȈȏȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǶșȚȈȊȐȊ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ șȓțȎȉț, ȀȘȐȓȈ ǸțȗȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȔȓȈȌȠȐȑ ȉȘȈȚ ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȗȘȐȊȍȏ ș șȖȉȖȑ ȌȊȍ ȓȖȌȒȐ, ȕȈȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȍ ȏȖȓȖȚȣȔȐ ȔȖȕȍȚȈȔȐ, - ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ șȖȚȍȕ Țȣșȧȟ ȘțȗȐȑ, ȕȈȒȖȗȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȐȔ ȏȈ ȋȖȌȣ șȓțȎȉȣ. ǻȝȖȌȧ Ȑȏ ȌȖȔȈ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȍ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, Ȗȕ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȖ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ: ȗȧȚȤȌȍșȧȚ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ - ȕȈ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȗȧȚȤ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ - ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȈȔ Ȑ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȗȧȚȤ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ - ȕȈ ȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȕțȎȌȣ Ȋ șȓțȟȈȍ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȊȐȌȍȕȕȣȝ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊ. ȅȚȐȔ Ȗȕ ȗȖȌȈȓ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ȊșȍȔ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȍȊȈȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉțȟȈȓ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ƕȕ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȓ ș ȓȐȈȕȖȑ. Ƕȕ șȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȉȍȘȍȋȈȚȤ ȓȐȈȕț ȉȝȈȒȚȐ ȖȚ ȉȍȠȍȕȖȋȖ șȓȖȕȈ, Ț.ȍ. ȖȚ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȈȌȘȍș ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǵȖ ȥȚț ȓȐȈȕț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖȉȍȘȍȋȈȚȤ Ȑ ȖȚ 36


37 ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ, ȔȖȕȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȧ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊ ȝȈȚȝȈ-ȑȖȋȐ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȍȔ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǨȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, țȡȍȘȉ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȦ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ, ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȌȝȈȘȔȣ ȕȈȕȖșȐȚ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȕȈșȐȓȐȍ ȕȈȌ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȍ, ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȐȦ Ȑ șȓȈȊȍ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. Ǫ ȟȐșȚȖȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȔȍșȚȈ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ, șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ȗȓȖȌȈȔ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȒțȓȤȚȐȊȐȘȖȊȈȕȐȦ ȔȖȕȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȝ ȊȕȍȠȕȐȝ șȈȔȖȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȍȕȐȑ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȟȐșȚȖȚț, ȔȖȎȍȚ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ șȊȖȐȝ ȖȟȐȡȍȕȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǬȖ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ, ȗȖȒȈ ț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ șȖȝȘȈȕȧȍȚșȧ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ, șȓȐȧȕȐȦ șȖ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȔ ȐȓȐ Ȓ ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȐȦ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȐȓ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ȌȊțȝ țȘȖȊȕȧȝ: ȗȘȍȌȊȈȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȐ Ȑ șȗȖȕȚȈȕȕȣȝ ȥȔȖȞȐȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖȌȕȧȓșȧ ȌȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ șȗȖȕȚȈȕȕȣȝ ȥȔȖȞȐȑ, Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȌȚȐ ȌȈȓȤȠȍ ȖȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔ, ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȑ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȣșȖȒȐȔ șȚțȗȍȕȧȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ, Ȍȓȧ ȖȉȖȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ Ȋ ȈȕȋȓȐȑșȒȖȔ ȧȏȣȒȍ ȕȍȚ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȝ șȓȖȊ. Ǵȣ ȗȖȗȣȚȈȓȐșȤ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȚȤ ȕȈțȒț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȕȈȠȍȑ ȒȕȐȋȍ «ǵȍȒȚȈȘ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȐ», ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȕȖȑ ȕȈ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȍ «ǩȝȈȒȚȐȘȈșȈȔȘȐȚȈ-șȐȕȌȝț» ȀȘȐȓȣ Ǹțȗȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȕȈșȟȐȚȣȊȈȍȚ ȗȧȚȤ țȘȖȊȕȍȑ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ: . ǹȚȈȌȐȧ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ șȓȍȌțȦȡȈȧ ȏȈ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȒȖȊ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȠȈȕȚȖȑ, ȐȓȐ șȚȈȌȐȍȑ ȕȍȑȚȘȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ. . ǬȈȓȍȍ, ȗȖ ȔȍȘȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȐȝ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȌȈșȑȐ. . ǬȈȓȤȕȍȑȠȍȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ȕȈ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȌȈșȑȈ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȔț ȉȘȈȚșȒȖȔț ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȉ ȊȣȠȍ ȕȍȋȖ - ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȟțȊșȚȊȖ ȌȘțȎȉȣ ȕȈ ȘȈȊȕȣȝ. Ƕȉȍ ȥȚȐ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ șȈȒȝȑȍȑ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ Ȋ ȌȘțȎȍșȒȐȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ. . ǹȓȍȌțȦȡȈȧ șȚȈȌȐȧ - ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȤșȒȈȧ ȓȦȉȖȊȤ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȊȈȚșȈȓȑȍȑ. . ǯȈ ȕȍȑ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȚȈȌȐȧ șțȗȘțȎȍșȒȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ - ȊȣșȠȈȧ șȚȈȌȐȧ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, ȝȖȚȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȊȣȠȍțȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȔȐ șȚȈȌȐȧȔȐ Ȑ ȕȍȚ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȣ. ǷȖșȓȍȌȕȧȧ șȚȈȌȐȧ, șȚȈȌȐȧ șțȗȘțȎȍșȒȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȔȈȌȝțȘȑȍȑ. ǺȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȧȓ Ǹțȗț ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȋ ȕȈțȒȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȏȈȚȍȔ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȊȖ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕ, ȗȖȘțȟȐȊ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍșȚȐ ȘȈșȒȖȗȒȐ Ȋ ȏȈȉȣȚȣȝ ȔȍșȚȈȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǯȈȚȍȔ, ȊȖȏȊȘȈȚȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ǪȈȘȈȕȈșȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȓ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ Ȑ ȌȈȓ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ șȚȈȘȠȍȔț ȉȘȈȚț Ǹțȗȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. Ƕȉ ȥȚȖȔ Ȕȣ 37


38 țȎȍ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȓȐ. ǷȐșȤȔȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȊșȍȋȖ ȊȖșȍȔȤ ȠȓȖȒ, ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣȝ ȒȈȒ «ȀȐȒȠȈȠȚȈȒȈ». Ǫșȍ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȖȉȠȐȘȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȒțȓȤȚȍ ȉȣȓȐ șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȣ ȖșȕȖȊȕȣȔȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ - ȠȍșȚȤȦ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ Ȑ Ȑȝ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔȐ. DzțȓȤȚ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ȉȖȋȈȟȍ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ Ȑ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕ ȎȐȊȖȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȍȑ ȕȈȠȐȝ Ȍȕȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȗȖȚȍȕȞȐȈȓȤȕȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȊȐȠȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ, ȊșȍȓȍȕșȒȖȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. Ǵȣ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȈ ȔȐșșȐȧ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȍȕȈ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȊȌȖȝȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ, ȒȈȒ ǩȝȈȒȚȐșȐȌȌȝȈȕȚȈ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ Ȑ ȍȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȒȐ. Ǵȣ ȉțȌȍȔ ș ȕȍȚȍȘȗȍȕȐȍȔ ȎȌȈȚȤ Țȍȝ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣȝ Ȍȕȍȑ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȐȘȍ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȚșȧ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ, ȗȘȍȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ, ȕȈȟȈȓȖ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț. ǪȖȚ ȊȖșȍȔȤ ȠȓȖȒ, șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǹȓȈȊȈ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȍ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȖȟȐȡȈȍȚ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȖȚ ȗȣȓȐ, ȕȈȒȖȗȐȊȠȍȑșȧ ȏȈ ȌȖȓȋȐȍ ȋȖȌȣ, Ȑ ȋȈșȐȚ ȗȖȎȈȘ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȦȡȐȝșȧ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȑ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȍȑ. ǬȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȈȕȣ - ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȊșȍȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊț, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȖȕȖ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ ȓțȟȐ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȓȧȦȡȍȑ ȓțȕȣ. Ǫ ȕȍȔ - ȌțȠȈ ȊșȍȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǶȕȖ țȊȍȓȐȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȌȈȍȚ ȕȈȔ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ ȕȈșȓȈȌȐȚȤșȧ ȊȒțșȖȔ ȕȍȒȚȈȘȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ Ȕȣ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȚȈȒ ȎȈȎȌȍȔ. Ƕ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȖȌȕȖ ǺȊȖȍ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȊșȍȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ, Ȉ ț Ǻȍȉȧ șȖȚȕȐ Ȑ ȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȣ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȐȔȍȕ, ȒȈȒ DzȘȐȠȕȈ Ȑ ǫȖȊȐȕȌȈ. Ǫ ȥȚȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȔȍȕȈ Ǻȣ ȊȓȖȎȐȓ Ȋșȍ ǹȊȖȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, Ȑ ȕȍȚ ȌȈȎȍ șȚȘȖȋȐȝ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȧ ǺȊȖȐȝ ȐȔȍȕ. Ƕ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȗȖ ȌȖȉȘȖȚȍ ǹȊȖȍȑ Ǻȣ ȌȈȓ ȕȈȔ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȓȍȋȒȖ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ Ǻȍȉȍ, ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȧ ǺȊȖȐ șȊȧȚȣȍ ȐȔȍȕȈ, ȕȖ ȧ ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȍțȌȈȟȓȐȊ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȟțȊșȚȊțȦ ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ȕȐȔ. ǹȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȚȤ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ țȔȈ, șȟȐȚȈȧ șȍȉȧ ȕȐȎȍ șȖȓȖȔȣ, ȓȍȎȈȡȍȑ ȕȈ țȓȐȞȍ. ǵțȎȕȖ șȚȈȚȤ ȚȍȘȗȍȓȐȊȍȍ ȌȍȘȍȊȈ, ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȓȖȎȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍșȚȐȎȈ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȉȣȚȤ ȋȖȚȖȊȣȔ ȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ ȌȘțȋȐȔ. Ǫ ȚȈȒȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ țȔȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȚȤ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ. Ƕ ǪșȍȔȖȋțȡȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȧ ȕȍ ȝȖȟț ȒȖȗȐȚȤ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ, Ȕȕȍ ȕȍ ȕțȎȕȖ ȕȐ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȝ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, ȕȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ. ȇ ȝȖȟț ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ - ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ Ǻȍȉȍ, ȎȐȏȕȤ ȏȈ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ. Ƕ șȣȕ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǵȈȕȌȣ (DzȘȐȠȕȈ), ȧ ǺȊȖȑ Ȋȍȟȕȣȑ șȓțȋȈ, ȕȖ ȚȈȒ țȎ șȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ, ȟȚȖ ȧ ȗȈȓ Ȋ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȑ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ. ǷȘȖȠț Ǻȍȉȧ, ȊȣȏȊȖȓȐ Ȕȍȕȧ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȖȒȍȈȕȈ șȔȍȘȚȐ, Ȑ ȗțșȚȤ ȧ ȉțȌț ȖȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ ȈȚȖȔȖȊ ț ǺȊȖȐȝ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ. Ƕ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ ȋȓȈȏȈ ȔȖȐ țȒȘȈșȧȚșȧ șȓȍȏȈȔȐ ȓȦȉȊȐ, ȉȍșȗȘȍșȚȈȕȕȖ ȓȤȦȡȐȔȐșȧ ȗȘȐ ȗȍȕȐȐ ǺȊȖȍȋȖ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ? DzȖȋȌȈ ȌȘȖȋȕȍȚ ȔȖȑ ȋȖȓȖș Ȑ ȊȖȓȖșȣ ȕȈ Țȍȓȍ ȊșȚȈȕțȚ ȌȣȉȖȔ ȗȘȐ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȐ ǺȊȖȍȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ? Ƕ ǫȖȊȐȕȌȈ! DzȈȎȌȖȍ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ ș ǺȖȉȖȑ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ Ȕȕȍ ȊȍȟȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǹȓȍȏȣ 38


39 ȓȤȦȚșȧ Ȑȏ ȋȓȈȏ ȔȖȐȝ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȚȖȒȐ ȌȖȎȌȧ, Ȑ ȉȍȏ Ǻȍȉȧ ȊȍșȤ ȔȐȘ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ Ȕȕȍ ȗțșȚȣȔ. Ǭȓȧ Ȕȍȕȧ ȕȍȚ ȐȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȘȖȔȍ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȑ Ƕȕ ȖșȚȈȕȍȚșȧ ǰȔ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ Ƕȕ ȋȘțȉȖ ȖȉȕȐȔȍȚ Ȕȍȕȧ ȐȓȐ ȘȈȏȖȉȤȍȚ ȔȖȍ șȍȘȌȞȍ, ȕȍ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȧșȤ Ȕȕȍ ȕȍ ȋȓȈȏȈ. Ƕȕ ȊȖȓȍȕ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȟȚȖ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȍȚ, ȐȉȖ Ƕȕ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȐ ȕȈ ȟȚȖ, ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ, Ȑ ȖșȚȈȕȍȚșȧ ǰȔ ȕȈȊșȍȋȌȈ.

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Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɩɟɪɜɚɹ. ȼɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɦɭɞɪɟɰɨɜ ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȖȔ ȕȈȔȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȍ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈȑȈ ȌȎȈȕȔȈȌȑ ȈșȑȈ ȑȈȚȖ `ȕȊȈȑȈȌ ȐȚȈȘȈȚȈȠ ȟȈȘȚȝȍȠȊ ȈȉȝȐȌȎȕȈȝ șȊȈȘȈȚ Țȍȕȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȝȘȐȌȈ ȑȈ ȈȌȐ-ȒȈȊȈȑȍ ȔțȝȑȈȕȚȐ ȑȈȚ șțȘȈȑȈȝ ȚȍȌȎȖ-ȊȈȘȐ-ȔȘȐȌȈȔ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȊȐȕȐȔȈȑȖ ȑȈȚȘȈ ȚȘȐ-șȈȘȋȖ `ȔȘȐȠȈ ȌȝȈȔȕȈ șȊȍȕȈ șȈȌȈ ȕȐȘȈșȚȈȒțȝȈȒȈȔ șȈȚȑȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȌȝȐȔȈȝȐ ȖȔ - Ȗ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȕȈȔȈȝ - Ȋ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȍ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈȑȈ - ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ (șȣȕț ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ), ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȌȎȈȕȔȈ-ȈȌȐ - ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ, ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȍ; ȈșȑȈ - ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ; ȑȈȚȈȝ - ȖȚ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȈȕȊȈȑȈȚ - ȗȘȧȔȖ; ȐȚȈȘȈȚȈȝ - ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȈȘȚȝȍȠț - ȞȍȓȐ; ȈȉȝȐȌȎȕȈȝ - ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ; șȊȈ-ȘȈȚ - ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȣȑ; Țȍȕȍ - ȊȓȖȎȐȓ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ - ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȝȘȐȌȈ - șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ; ȑȈȝ - ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ; ȈȌȐ-ȒȈȊȈȑȍ - ȗȍȘȊȖȋȖ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ; ȔțȝȑȈȕȚȐ ȊȊȍȌȍȕȣ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȑȈȚ - ȕȈșȟȍȚ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; șțȘȈȑȈȝ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ Ȑ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ; ȚȍȌȎȈȝ - ȖȋȖȕȤ; ȊȈȘȐ - ȊȖȌȈ; ȔȘȐȌȈȔ - ȏȍȔȓȧ; ȑȈȚȝȈ - ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȒȈȒ Ȑ; ȊȐȕȐȔȈȑȈȝ - ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ Ȑ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ; ȑȈȚȘȈ - ȗȖșȓȍ ȟȍȋȖ; ȚȘȐ-șȈȘȋȈȝ - ȚȘȐ ȋțȕȣ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, șȖȏȐȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ; ȈȔȘȐȠȈ - ȗȖȟȚȐ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȣ; ȌȝȈȔȕȈ - ȊȔȍșȚȍ șȖ ȊșȍȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍȔ; șȊȍȕȈ - ȉțȌțȟȐ șȈȔȖȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȣȔ; șȈȌȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ; ȕȐȘȈșȚȈ - ȖȚȘȐȞȈȕȐȍ ȕȈ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȐȐ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊȐȧ; ȒțȝȈȒȈȔ - ȐȓȓȦȏȐȧ; șȈȚȑȈȔ ȐșȚȐȕȈ; ȗȈȘȈȔ - ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ; ȌȝȐȔȈȝȐ - ȧ ȔȍȌȐȚȐȘțȦ ȕȈ ȕȍȍ. Ƕ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, șȣȕ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, Ȗ ȊșȍȗȘȖȕȐȒȈȦȡȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȧ ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǺȖȉȖȑ. ȇ ȔȍȌȐȚȐȘțȦ ȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕț, ȐȉȖ Ƕȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȖȑ Ȑ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ șȖȏȐȌȈȕȐȧ, șȖȝȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ. ǷȘȧȔȖ Ȑ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ Ƕȕ șȖȏȕȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔ, ȐȉȖ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȐȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ǵȍȋȖ. ǰȔȍȕȕȖ Ƕȕ ȊȕȈȟȈȓȍ ȊȓȖȎȐȓ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȌȎȐ, ȗȍȘȊȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǬȈȎȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ Ȑ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ ȊȊȍȌȍȕȣ ǰȔ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȚȖȔț, ȒȈȒ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ șȉȐȊȈȍȚ ș ȚȖȓȒț ȖȉȔȈȕȟȐȊȣȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȊȖȌȣ Ȋ Ȗȋȕȍ ȐȓȐ șțȠȐ ȕȈ ȊȖȌȍ. dzȐȠȤ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ǭȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ, ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍȔ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, ȒȈȎțȚșȧ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȔȐ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȖȕȐ ȕȍȘȍȈȓȤȕȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȧ ȔȍȌȐȚȐȘțȦ ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕț, ȊȍȟȕȖ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȋȖ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȈ ȖȚ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȣȝ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ȇ ȔȍȌȐȚȐȘțȦ ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ, ȐȉȖ Ƕȕ - ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȣȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ, țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕț, ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ Ȑ 40


41 ǬȍȊȈȒȐ. Ǫ ȚȍȒșȚȍ ȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖ ȉțȌȍȚ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȖ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ, Ȉ ȏȌȍșȤ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ - ǭȋȖ ȗȘȧȔȣȍ ȐȓȐ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȟȈșȚȍȑ. ǩȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǬȎȐȊȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȋ «DzȘȐȠȕȈ-șȈȕȌȈȘȉȝȍ». Ǩ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȗȍȘȊȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȐȓ ȕȈțȒț Ȗ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȚȘȈȒȚȈȚȍ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șȈȔȝȐȚȈ». Ǫ «ǹȈȔȈȊȍȌȈ-țȗȈȕȐȠȈȌȍ» ȚȈȒȎȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ șȣȕȖȔ ǬȍȊȈȒȐ. ǰȚȈȒ, ȗȍȘȊȖȍ Ȏȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȑ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ ȋȓȈșȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȑ ȍșȓȐ ȒȈȒȖȍ-ȓȐȉȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȓȖȎȐȔȖ Ȓ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȚȖ ȐȔ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȐȔȧ, ȊȣȘȈȎȈȍȔȖȍ șȓȖȊȖȔ «DzȘȐȠȕȈ», ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ «ȊșȍȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȡȐȑ». Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍȖȌȕȖȒȘȈȚȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȗ ǹȍȉȍ ȒȈȒ Ȗȉ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ: ǵȈȘȈȌȈ, ǪȑȈșȈ Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȌȘțȋȐȍ - ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȦȚ ȥȚȖ. Ǫ «ǷȈȌȔȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȍ» ȚȈȒȎȍ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ șȘȍȌȐ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȐȔȍȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐȔȧ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ ȖȉȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕțȦ ȟȈșȚȤ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȐȉȖ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ. ǰȔȧ «ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ» ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ, Ȋ ȟȈșȚȕȖșȚȐ, Ȓ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔț șȣȕț ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ Ȑ ǬȍȊȈȒȐ. ǷȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔșȣ, ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȍ Ȑȏ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȊȍȌȍȚ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȔȍȌȐȚȐȘțȦȚ ȕȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕț. ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ. Ǫșȍ șțȡȍȍ ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑȏ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ Ȋ ȗȖșȓȍȌțȦȡȐȝ ȋȓȈȊȈȝ ȉțȌȍȚ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȧȚȤșȧ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȘȖȞȍșș. ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȕȈȏȣȊȈȓ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȖȑ ǷțȘȈȕȖȑ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȖȕȖ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǰșȚȖȘȐȧ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȚȖȎȍ ȏȈȔȍȟȈȚȍȓȤȕȈ. «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȉȣȓ șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȏȘȍȓȖșȚȐ Ȋ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ. Ƕȕ ȕȈȗȐșȈȓ ȍȋȖ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȎȐ, șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ Ȋșȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ǪȍȌ, «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȣ» (ȐȓȐ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șțȚȘȣ»), ǷțȘȈȕȣ, «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚț» Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ. ǰ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȕȍȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ. ǪȐȌȧ ȍȋȖ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖșȚȤ, ȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȗȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ ȖȗȐșȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȑ ǬȍșȧȚȈȧ ȗȍșȕȤ ȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȈ ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȍȑ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ șȈȔț șțȉșȚȈȕȞȐȦ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ȍȍ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ. Ǭȓȧ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȖȋȖ țȔȈ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȋ ȕȖȟȕȖȔ ȕȍȉȍ Ȕȣ ȊȐȌȐȔ ȏȊȍȏȌȣ, Ȕȣ, ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ, ȏȈȌțȔȣȊȈȍȔșȧ ȕȈȌ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ Ȑȝ ȕȈșȍȓȧȍȚ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ Ȍȓȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȗȕ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȣȔ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ, ȟȍȔ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȍ. ǨȊȚȖȘ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȌȈȍȚ ȗȘȧȔȖȑ ȖȚȊȍȚ ȕȈ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ. Ƕȕ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ ȊșȍȋȖ șțȡȍȋȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȖȏȌȈȍȚ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȈȍȚ ȍȍ. ǷȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ șȖȏȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ. Ǫ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȖȕȈ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚșȧ, Ȉ ȏȈȚȍȔ, ȗȖ ǭȋȖ Ȏȍ ȊȖȓȍ, țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚșȧ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȏȈ Ȋșȍȑ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ șȚȖȐȚ ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȊȖȓȧ. DzȖȕȍȟȕȖ, șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȍ ȈȚȍȐșȚȣ, ȕȍ ȊȍȘȧȡȐȍ Ȋ ȚȊȖȘȞȈ, ȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȓȐȠȤ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍ șȒțȌȖșȚȐ Ȑȝ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ. ǵȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ șȖȏȌȈȓȐ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȐȍ șȗțȚȕȐȒȐ. ǹ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ Țȍȝ ȐȓȐ Ȑȕȣȝ ȗȘȐșȗȖșȖȉȓȍȕȐȑ ȖȕȐ ȊȣȊȖȌȧȚ Ȑȝ ȕȈ ȒȈȒȖȍ-ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȋ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȕȈ ȘȈșșȚȖȧȕȐȐ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȐȔȐ. ǺȈȒ Ȑ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ș Ȑȝ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȏȊȍȏȌȈȔȐ Ȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȔȐ 41


42 țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǫ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȋȓȈȊȕȖȍ șȘȍȌȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. Ǫșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȧ ș ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ȗȍȘȊȖȋȖ Ȑȏ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, Ȑ ȒȖȕȟȈȧ ȒȘȖȠȍȟȕȣȔ ȔțȘȈȊȤȍȔ, ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǵȖ Ȑ ȊȣȠȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ ȍșȚȤ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȚȖȎȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ. dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǺȈȒ Ȏȍ ȒȈȒ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǵȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȔ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ Ȑ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȍȑȠȐȔȐ ȕȍȗȖșȚȐȎȐȔȣȔȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ. ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȐȑ țȔ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ șȗțȚȕȐȒ, ȚȖ ȕȍȚȘțȌȕȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȤ șȍȉȍ, ȟȚȖ țȔ, ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȧȡȐȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȐȑ, ȔȖȎȍȚ șȖȏȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȒțȌȈ ȉȖȓȍȍ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȊȍȡȐ. ǸȈșșțȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȉȣșȚȘȖ șȖȋȓȈșȐȚșȧ ș ȥȚȐȔ ȌȖȊȖȌȖȔ, ȕȖ țȗȘȧȔȣȍ ȈȚȍȐșȚȣ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȔțȚ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ, șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȊȣșȠȐȑ ȘȈȏțȔ ȒȈȒ ȗȈȘȈȔȍȠȊȈȘț. Ƕȕ șȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȊȣșȠȐȔ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȧ ȍȋȖ ȗȈȘȈ ȐȓȐ ȗȈȘȈȔȍȠȊȈȘȈ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. DzȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌȋȐȚȍ» Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, ȗȍȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ, Ȋ ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖșȚȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȥȚȖȚ ȗȈȘȈȔȍȠȊȈȘȈ ȍșȚȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȚ ȐȕȖȑ ȗȈȘȈ-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ (șțȔȔțȔ ȉȖȕțȔ), ȒȘȖȔȍ ǵȍȋȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ șȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȗȈȘȈ-ȚȈȚȚȊȖȑ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ, ȟȤȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǬȍșȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ. ǵȍȌȖȉȘȖșȖȊȍșȚȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ șȘȈȏț ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚșȧ ȏȈ ǬȍșȧȚțȦ ȗȍșȕȤ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȏȈ Țȍ ȗȧȚȤ ȋȓȈȊ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ȚȈȕȞȈ ȘȈșȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȖȚ ȘȈȏȌȍȓ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ șȈȔțȦ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕțȦ ȟȈșȚȤ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȖșȚȐȋ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȕȈțȒț Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȚȈȕȞȍȔ ȘȈșȈ, Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȍ ȏȈȉȈȊȣ ș ȋȖȗȐ, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȍșȧ ȖȉȢȍȒȚȖȔ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ. ȅȚȖȚ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚ ȊȣșȖȒȖȌțȝȖȊȍȕ, Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȍ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔșȣ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȐșȗȣȚȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȚȈȕȞȈ ȘȈșȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȌȈȍȚ ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȦ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ țȋȓțȉȓȧȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȗȕ ȔȖȋ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȒȊȐȕȚȥșșȍȕȞȐȐ ȐȋȘ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȔȈȕȚȘȍ ȋȈȑȈȚȘȐ, ȌȝȐȔȈȝȐ. ǴȈȕȚȘȈ ȋȈȑȈȚȘȐ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȈ Ȍȓȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖ ȗȘȖȌȊȐȕțȚȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ țșȗȍȝȈ Ȋ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȐ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ ȋȈȑȈȚȘȐ, Ȗȕ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖȉȣ țșȗȍȠȕȖ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ ȔȈȕȚȘț ȋȈȑȈȚȘȐ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ǭȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ, ǭȋȖ șȓȈȊȣ, ǭȋȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ., ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ, «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȍȚ Ȗ șȊȈȘțȗȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚ ǭȋȖ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȧȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ. ȅȚȈ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ, ȗȘȖȧȊȐȊȠȍȑ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȖȍ ȕȈȠȍȔț ȊȖșȗȘȐȧȚȐȦ ȔȐȘȖȏȌȈȕȐȍ. Ǫ ȌȈȕȕȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȘȈȏȕȐȞț ȔȍȎȌț ȕȐȔȐ. ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ, ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ Ȑ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȔȐȘȈȎț Ȋ ȗțșȚȣȕȍ. Ǫ ȔȐȘȈȎȍ ȕȍȚ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȑ ȊȖȌȣ, Ȉ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȍȍ ȊȐȌȐȔȖșȚȤ. ǵȈșȚȖȧȡȈȧ ȊȖȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ. ǷȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ. Ǫ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȖȕȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȚȍȕȤ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ 42


43 ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ, Ȉ ȕȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȕȍȉȍ, ȋȌȍ Ȋșȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȐșȚȐȕȖȑ. ȅȚȖ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȒȈȎȌȈȧ ȐșȚȐȕȈ ȏȌȍșȤ ȏȈȊȐșȐȚ ȖȚ ȟȍȋȖ-ȚȖ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ. ȅȚȖ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ Ȋ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǰ ȍȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ țșȚȘȖȍȕȣ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȉȐȚȈȧ ș ȚȖȓȒț ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȍȓȈȝ, ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȐȝ Ȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊț ȊȐȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, ȒȈȒ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ǰȕȌȘȈ, ǿȈȕȌȘȈ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ., ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȓȈ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȦ ȏȈ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤ. ǵȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ ȕȍȘȍȈȓȍȕ, ȕȖ Ȗȕ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȐșȚȐȕȕȈȧ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȋȌȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȊȍȟȕȖ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ șȖ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍȔ. ǫȓȈȊȕȣȑ ȐȕȎȍȕȍȘ șȓȖȎȕȖȋȖ șȚȘȖȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ țȟȈșȚȐȧ, ȕȖ ȍȔț ȐȏȊȍșȚȍȕ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȍȋȖ țȋȖȓȖȒ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȍȋȖ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ. ǭȔț Ȋșȍ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ șȖȖȘțȎȍȕȐȐ ȒȈȒ ȗȘȧȔȖ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ - ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȐȕȎȍȕȍȘ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ - ȏȕȈȍȚ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ țȋȖȓȖȒ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȘȈȉȖȚȣ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȦȚ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ. Ǫșȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ - ȖȚ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ Ȑ ȌȖ ȒȘȖȠȍȟȕȖȋȖ ȔțȘȈȊȤȧ - ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȣ. ǪȖ ȊșȍȔ ȊȐȌȕȈ ȘțȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǰȏ ǵȍȋȖ ȐșȝȖȌȧȚ Ȋșȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȣ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȐșȒȘȣ. Ǫșȍ, ȟȚȖ șȖȏȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȍșȚȤ ȕȍ ȟȚȖ ȐȕȖȍ, ȒȈȒ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ ȌȊțȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ: ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ, - ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȉȍȘțȚ ȕȈȟȈȓȖ Ȋ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. ǷȘȖȊȍȌȧ Ȋ ȓȈȉȖȘȈȚȖȘȕȣȝ țșȓȖȊȐȧȝ ȘȍȈȒȞȐȦ ȔȍȎȌț ȊȖȌȖȘȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȒȐșȓȖȘȖȌȖȔ, ȝȐȔȐȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȊȖȌț. ǵȖ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, ȘȈȉȖȚȈȦȡȐȔ Ȋ ȓȈȉȖȘȈȚȖȘȐȐ, ȘțȒȖȊȖȌȐȚ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȣ Ȍȓȧ ȍȋȖ ȘȈȉȖȚȣ ȚȖȎȍ ȗȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȧȔȖ ȐȓȐ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ȏȕȈȍȚ ȖȉȖ ȊșȍȔ, ǭȔț ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ Ȋșȍ ȌȖ ȔȍȓȤȟȈȑȠȐȝ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖșȚȍȑ, Ȑ Ƕȕ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔ. ǭȋȖ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȦȚ ș ȏȖȓȖȚȣȔ ȔȍșȚȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ, Ȉ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ș ȐȏȌȍȓȐȧȔȐ Ȑȏ ȏȖȓȖȚȈ: ȒȖȓȤȞȈȔȐ, ȖȎȍȘȍȓȤȧȔȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ. ǯȖȓȖȚȖȍ ȒȖȓȤȞȖ Ȑ ȖȎȍȘȍȓȤȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȍȌȐȕȣ ș ȏȖȓȖȚȖȔ Ȋ ȏȖȓȖȚȖȕȖșȕȖȑ ȎȐȓȍ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȒȖȓȐȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȘȈȊȕȣ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȋ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊțȦȚ Ȑ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȖ, Ȑ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȍ. ǵȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȕȍȚ Ȑ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖȋȖ ȖȚ ǵȍȍ. Ǫșȍ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȧ ș ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ȒȖȕșȚȘțȒȚȖȘȈ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, Ȑ ȒȖȕȟȈȧ ȒȘȖȠȍȟȕȣȔ ȔțȘȈȊȤȍȔ, ȟȚȖ-ȓȐȉȖ șȖȏȌȈȦȚ, ȕȖ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȏȈȊȐșȧȚ ȖȚ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚ ȖȠȐȉȖȟȕȖ ȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȚ ȐȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȞȈ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȕȍȋȖ șȈȔȖȋȖ. ȅȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȔȈȑȍȑ, ȐȓȓȦȏȐȍȑ. ǶȉȓȈȌȈȧ ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȣȔȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȌȈȓȤȠȍ, ȟȍȔ ȍȔț ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȦȚ ȍȋȖ ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȌțȔȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȧ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȜȖȘȔț șȈȔȈ, ȉȍȏ ȗȖȔȖȡȐ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȘȈȏțȔȈ. Ǫ ȌȈȕȕȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȖȗȘȖȊȍȘȋȈȍȚ ȥȚȖ: «ǷȖȓȕȖȍ ȞȍȓȖȍ, ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ ȊșȍȋȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖȋȖ ȖȚ ȚȍȓȈ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ». ǿȚȖ ȉȣ ȕȐ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȓȖ ș ȚȍȓȖȔ, ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȕȣȑ Ȋ Țȍȓȍ ȚȖȚȟȈș țȏȕȈȍȚ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ. ǨȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ - ȥȚȖ ȚȍȓȖ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȋȖ ȞȍȓȖȋȖ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȗȘȧȔȖ ȐȓȐ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚț ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ ȖȉȖ ȊșȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ. Ǫ ȠȘțȚȐ-ȔȈȕȚȘȍ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȍ ȞȍȓȖȍ, ȐȓȐ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȊșȍȋȖ. Ǫșȍ ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑȏ ǵȍȋȖ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ǰȔ. ǰ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ Ȋșȍ Ȋ ǵȍȋȖ Ȏȍ Ȑ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ. ǺȈȒȖȊ ȏȈȒȖȕ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǺȖ Ȏȍ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ Ȑ șȔȘȐȚȐ-ȔȈȕȚȘȈ. ǫȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ, Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȕȈȟȈȓȍ ȊȍȒȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, Ȑ ȊȔȍșȚȐȓȐȡȍ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȋșȍ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ, - ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ 43


44 ǰșȚȐȕȈ, ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ. ǻȟȍȕȣȍ-ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȣ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ șȈȔȖ șȖȉȖȑ ȘȈȏțȔȍȦȡȐȔșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǹȖȓȕȞȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȕȖȑ șȐșȚȍȔȣ, ȕȖ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ Ȋ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚȤ, ȖȚȒțȌȈ ȉȍȘȍȚșȧ șȈȔȖ ǹȖȓȕȞȍ. ǯȌȍșȤ Ȏȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȗȉ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȍ ȊșȍȋȖ șțȡȍȋȖ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔ, ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ șȘȈȊȕȐȚȤ ș ǹȖȓȕȞȍȔ, ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȚȊȖȘȞȖȔ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȖȚ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǴȖȎȕȖ ȊȖȏȘȈȏȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǩȘȈȝȔț, ȗȍȘȊȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȕȍȒȖȔț ȉȣȓȖ ȊȌȖȝȕȖȊȓȧȚȤ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ. ǯȌȍșȤ Ȏȍ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȌȖȝȕȖȊȐȓ ǩȘȈȝȔț, ȊȚȖȘȐȟȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȞȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȚȖȚ ȔȖȋ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ șȊȖȐ șȖȏȐȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȜțȕȒȞȐȐ. ǰȚȈȒ, ȊȣșȠȐȑ ȘȈȏțȔ, șȚȖȧȡȐȑ ȏȈ ȊșȍȔȐ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧȔȐ, - ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȖȌȐȕ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȏȐȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ, ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȊȖȒțȗȕțȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȦ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ȕȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȍ, Ȉ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȘțȒȖȊȖȌȧȡȍȔț ǩȘȈȝȔȖȑ Ȋ ȍȋȖ șȖȏȐȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȕȈ șȓȖȊȈ ȈȉȝȐȌȎȕȈȝ Ȑ șȊȈȘȈȚ. ȅȚȐ ȌȊȈ șȓȖȊȈ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȈ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȚ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. ǵȐȒȈȒȖȍ ȌȘțȋȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȐ ȈȉȝȐȌȎȕȈȝ, ȕȐ șȊȈȘȈȚ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȕȐ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȕȐ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ, ȕȐ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȤȦ. ǬȈȎȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȔȍȌȐȚȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȟȚȖ Ȏȍ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȝ țȟȍȕȣȝ, ȒȈȒ ȅȑȕȠȚȍȑȕ! ȇșȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȔȖȏȋ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ țȟȍȕȖȋȖ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ ȘțȒ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǻȟȍȕȣȍ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȑ ȔȖȏȋ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȋȓțȗȣȝ ȈȚȍȐșȚȈȝ, ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȦȡȐȝ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ? ǬȈȎȍ ȐȔȗȍȘșȖȕȈȓȐșȚȣ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȚȍȠȈȚ șȍȉȧ ȕȈȌȍȎȌȖȑ șȓȐȚȤșȧ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȕȐ ȈȉȝȐȌȎȕȈȝ, ȕȐ șȊȈȘȈȚ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȐȔȗȍȘșȖȕȈȓȐșȚȣ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȋȈȦȚ șȍȉȧ șțȘȖȊȣȔ ȈșȒȍȏȈȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȑ șȓȐȚȤșȧ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǵȖ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ ȖȕȐ ȗȖȗȈȌȈȦȚ Ȋ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȤ ȖȚ ȒȈȒȖȋȖȕȐȉțȌȤ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȉȖȋȈȚȖȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȒȈ, ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȡȍȋȖ ȐȔ ȌȍȕȤȋȐ ȕȈ ȗȖșȚȘȖȑȒț ȔȖȕȈșȚȣȘȍȑ Ȑ ȝȘȈȔȖȊ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȈȚȍȐșȚȈȔ, ȒȈȒ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ ȐȓȐ ǽȐȘȈȕȑȈȒȈȠȐȗț, ȗȘȐȠȓȖșȤ ȕȈȓȈȋȈȚȤ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ șțȘȖȊȣȍ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȤȐ, ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȟȍȔ ȖȕȐ ȘȍȠȐȓȐșȤ ȉȘȖșȐȚȤ ȊȣȏȖȊ ȊȓȈșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵȖ Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȖȒȈȏȈȓȐșȤ ȉȍșȗȖȔȖȡȕȣȔȐ Ȑ ȕȍ șȔȖȋȓȐ șȗȈșȚȐșȤ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȓ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔȐ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ȎȍșȚȖȒȖȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ. ǺȈȒ Ȏȍ ȖȉșȚȖȐȚ ȌȍȓȖ Ȑ ș ȕȣȕȍȠȕȐȔȐ ȈȚȍȐșȚȈȔȐ, ȖșȔȍȓȐȊȈȦȡȐȔȐșȧ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȚȤ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǰșȚȖȘȐȧ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȍȚșȧ, Ȑ ȥȚȐȝ ȈȚȍȐșȚȖȊ ȗȖșȚȐȋȕȍȚ ȚȈ Ȏȍ țȟȈșȚȤ. ǹȚȖȐȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȟȤ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ Ȑ ȍȍ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ ȚȖȚȟȈș ȕȈȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȍȋȖ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȠȐȘȖȒȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ»: ȑȈȌȈ ȑȈȌȈ ȝȐ ȌȝȈȘȔȈșȑȈ ȋȓȈȕȐȝ. «ǪșȧȒȐȑ ȘȈȏ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ țȗȈȌȖȒ Ȑ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȈȍȚ ȈȌȝȈȘȔȈ, ȇ ȕȐșȝȖȎț ǹȈȔ, Ȗ ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ» (ǩȋ. 4.7). ǪȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȠȘțȚȐ-ȔȈȕȚȘȈȝ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȍȕ. Ǫ ȠȘțȚȐ-ȔȈȕȚȘȈȝ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ, ȉȘȖșȐȊ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȦ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȖȏȌȈȓ Ȋșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȔȐ ȟȈșȚȐȞȈȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ Ƕȕ ȖȗȓȖȌȖȚȊȖȘȧȍȚ ȋȐȋȈȕȚșȒȖȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ șȍȔȍȕȈȔȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȐșȒȘ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ șȖȏȐȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȟȍȔț ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȑ. ǨȚȍȐșȚȣ ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȖȏȘȈȏȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǩȖȋ ȕȍ ȐșȒțșȕȍȍ ȟȈșȖȊȡȐȒȈ, ȕȖ ǩȖȋ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȐȚ ȍȋȖ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȖȏȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȗȈȘȕȣȍ ȔȍȝȈȕȐȏȔȣ: ȔțȎșȒȐȍ Ȑ ȎȍȕșȒȐȍ. ǰ țȎȍ ȉȍȏ ȌȈȓȤȕȍȑȠȍȋȖ ȊȔȍȠȈȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈ ǩȖȋȈ ȔțȎșȒȐȍ Ȑ ȎȍȕșȒȐȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȔȍȝȈȕȐȏȔȖȊ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȦȚ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȖȌȐȚȤ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȒȖȓȐȟȍșȚȊȖ șȍȉȍ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ. ǭșȓȐ ȉȣ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț țȌȈȓȖșȤ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȒȖȔȗȓȍȒș ȔȈȠȐȕ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȝ ȉȍȏ ȍȋȖ țȟȈșȚȐȧ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȖȌȐȚȤ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȔȈȠȐȕȣ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȓșȧ ȉȣ Ȓ ȘȈȏțȔț ǩȖȋȈ. ǵȖ ȥȚȖ 44


45 ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȔȍȝȈȕȐȏȔ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȒȚȖ-ȚȖ ȖȉșȓțȎȐȊȈȚȤ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ, ȒȈȒ ǩȖȋ. ǶȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȐȔȍȕ ǩȖȋȈ - ȈșȈȔȈțȘȌȝȊȈ. ǶȕȖ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȘȈȊȍȕ ǭȔț Ȑ ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȐȚ ǭȋȖ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȕȍȚ ȘȈȊȕȣȝ, ȍșȚȤ ȗȈȘȈȔ șȈȚȑȈȔ, ǪȣșȠȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȦȚ Ȑ ȠȘțȚȐ-ȔȈȕȚȘȣ. ǫȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȌȖ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǩȖȋ, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȑșȧ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕȖȔ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ. ȅȚȖ Ƕȕ ȗȘȍȗȖȌȈȓ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȕȈțȒț ǩȘȈȝȔȍ, Ȑ ǭȔț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȕȍțȒȖșȕȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȊȐȕȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗțȚ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǺȖ Ȏȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ». ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȍȚșȧ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȊȗȈȌȍȚ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ. DzȈȒ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȊ DzȘȐȠȕț ȒȈȒ ȗȘȐȟȐȕț Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȊȠȐșȤ ǭȋȖ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ, ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȖȑ, ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ. ǵȖ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȌțȠȐ ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȦȚșȧ ȘȍȌȒȖ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȣ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȍȘȊȖȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ ȊșȍȋȖ șțȡȍȋȖ. Ƕȕ ȍșȚȤ ȗȈȘȈȔȈ, ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȐșȚȐȕȈ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȐșȚȐȕȣ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȣ ȖȚ ǵȍȋȖ. Ƕȕ ȊșȍȊȍȌțȡ, Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ǵȍȋȖ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ. ǶȚȌȍȓȤȕȣȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ-ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ ȗȣȚȈȦȚșȧ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȍ ȉȣȓ șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȊȣșȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍȔ, ȕȈȗȐșȈȕȕȣȔ ȕȍȒȐȔ ǪȖȗȈȌȍȊȖȑ. ǶȗȘȖȊȍȘȋȈȧ ȥȚȐ ȉȍșșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȀȘȐ ȀȘȐȌȝȈȘȈ ǹȊȈȔȐ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ șșȣȓȒȐ ȕȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» șȖȌȍȘȎȈȚșȧ ȊȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȌȘȍȊȕȍȑȠȐȝ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ. ǷȍȘȊȈȧ ȠȓȖȒȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ș ȔȈȕȚȘȣ ȋȈȑȈȚȘȐ. Ƕȉ ȥȚȖȔ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȌȘȍȊȕȍȑȠȍȑ Ȑȏ ǷțȘȈȕ - «ǴȈȚșȑȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȍ». Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ǷțȘȈȕȍ șȖ șșȣȓȒȖȑ ȕȈ ȔȈȕȚȘț ȋȈȑȈȚȘȐ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȍșȚȤ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȑ, șȖȌȍȘȎȈȡȐȝ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ, ȖȚȒȘȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȔȈȕȚȘȖȑ ȋȈȑȈȚȘȐ. ǺȈȔ ȍșȚȤ Ȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ Ȗ ǪȘȐȚȘȈșțȘȍ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ Ȋ ȌȍȕȤ ȗȖȓȕȖȓțȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȗȖȌȕȍșȍȚ Ȋ ȌȈȘ ȥȚȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȕȍȚ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȍȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ - ȊȍȘȕȍȚșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǹșȣȓȒȐ ȕȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȍșȚȤ Ȑ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ, ȋȌȍ ȧșȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖȚ ȚȘțȌ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȑȏ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȐ ȗȍșȕȍȑ, șȖȌȍȘȎȈȡȐȝ ȊȖșȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ Țȣșȧȟ ȠȓȖȒ. Ǫ «ǷȈȌȔȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȍ» ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚșȧ ȉȍșȍȌȈ ȔȍȎȌț ǫȈțȚȈȔȖȑ Ȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȑ ǨȔȉȈȘȐȠȍȑ, ȋȌȍ ȚȈȒȎȍ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȚșȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǾȈȘȤ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ șȖȊȍȚ ȘȍȋțȓȧȘȕȖ ȟȐȚȈȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǰȚȈȒ, ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȍ ȗȖȌȓȍȎȐȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȔț șȖȔȕȍȕȐȦ. ǯȈ ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȐȍ ȗȧȚȤ șȚȖȓȍȚȐȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȥȘțȌȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ Ȑ ȈȟȈȘȤȐ, Ȋ ȟȈșȚȕȖșȚȐ, ǬȎȐȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ǹȈȕȈȚȈȕȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ǿȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ, ǪȈȓȓȈȉȝȈȟȈȘȑȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȕȣȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ țȎȍ ȗȖșȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ șȖșȚȈȊȐȓȐ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȣȍ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȐ Ȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺȖȔț, ȒȚȖ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ ȐȏțȟȈȍȚ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», șȖȊȍȚțȍȚșȧ ȖȏȕȈȒȖȔȐȚȤșȧ ș ȕȐȔȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ǿȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ țȌȍȓȧȍȚ ȖșȖȉȖȍ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȗȍȘȊȖȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ Ȑ ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȗșȐȝȖȓȖȋȐȐ șȍȒșȈ (ȈȌȐ-ȘȈșȍ), Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊțȍȚ ȔȐȘșȒȖȍ ȖȗȤȧȕȍȕȐȍ. ǹȍȒș ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȌȊȐȎțȡȍȑ șȐȓȖȑ ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. Ǫ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȑ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȐ ȥȚȖ ȖșȤ, ȊȖȒȘțȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȋșȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǷȖȓȖȊȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊțȦȚ ȗȖȊșȦȌț, șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȕȍȘȍȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ. ǰȝ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȐșȗȣȚȈȚȤ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, Ȉ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȖȓȖȊȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȓȐȠȤ ȐȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȕȖȍ 45


46 ȖȚȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ȅȚȈ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȑ. ǵȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ Ȑ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ Ȋ șȍȉȍ ȟȐșȚțȦ ȗȖȓȖȊțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȣ-ȐȔȗȍȘșȖȕȈȓȐșȚȣ, ȕȈșȚȈȐȊȈȧ ȕȈ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȐșȚȐȕȣ, ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȖȡȘȧȦȚ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȧ ȖȚȊȘȈȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ ȔȐȘșȒȐȔ șȍȒșȖȔ. ǵȍ ȊȍȌȈȧ Ȗȉ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ șȍȒșȈ, ȓȦȌȐ șȌȍȓȈȓȐ ȐȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȕȣȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ șȍȒș șȔȣșȓȖȔ șȊȖȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǹȍȒș Ȋ ȕȍȏȌȖȘȖȊȖȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȍȒșȈ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȌȕȐȔȍȚ ȕȍȗȘȍȌțȉȍȎȌȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȧ ȕȈ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠțȦ șȚțȗȍȕȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȐȚ ȍȔț ȊȖȏȊȣșȐȚȤșȧ ȕȈȌ ȚȘȍȔȧ ȊȐȌȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȦȚ ǪȍȌȣ: ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧȔȐ, șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȔ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍȔ ȜțȕȒȞȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȈȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ ȗȘȖȌȎȌȎȝȐȚȈ-ȒȈȐȚȈȊȖ `ȚȘȈ ȗȈȘȈȔȖ ȕȐȘȔȈȚșȈȘȈȕȈȔ șȈȚȈȔ ȊȍȌȑȈȔ ȊȈșȚȈȊȈȔ ȈȚȘȈ ȊȈșȚț ȠȐȊȈȌȈȔ ȚȈȗȈ-ȚȘȈȑȖȕȔțȓȈȕȈȔ ȠȘȐȔȈȌ-ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȍ ȔȈȝȈ-ȔțȕȐȒȘȐȚȍ ȒȐȔ ȊȈ ȗȈȘȈȐȘ ȐȠȊȈȘȈȝ șȈȌȑȖ ȝȘȐȌȑ ȈȊȈȘțȌȝȑȈȚȍ `ȚȘȈ ȒȘȐȚȐȉȝȐȝ ȠțȠȘțȠțȉȝȐș ȚȈȚ-ȒȠȈȕȈȚ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ - ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖșȚȤ; ȗȘȖȌȎȌȎȝȐȚȈ - ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȕțȊ; ȒȈȐȚȈȊȈȝ ȗȖȒȘȣȚțȦ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍȔ Ȓ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ; ȈȚȘȈ - ȏȌȍșȤ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈȝ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȈȧ; ȕȐȘȔȈȚșȈȘȈȕȈȔ - ȚȍȔȐ, ȟȤȐ șȍȘȌȞȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȟȐșȚȣ; șȈȚȈȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ; ȊȍȌȑȈȔ - ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȍȔȈȧ; ȊȈșȚȈȊȈȔ - ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȈȧ; ȈȚȘȈ - ȏȌȍșȤ; ȊȈșȚț șțȡȕȖșȚȤ; ȠȐȊȈȌȈȔ - ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȍ; ȚȈȗȈ-ȚȘȈȑȈ - ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ; țȕȔțȓȈȕȈȔ - ȐșȒȖȘȍȕȧȧ; ȠȘȐȔȈȚ - ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȈȧ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȍ - «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȈ»; ȔȈȝȈ-ȔțȕȐ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ (ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ); ȒȘȐȚȍ - șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ; ȒȐȔ - ȏȈȟȍȔ; ȊȈ ȕțȎȕȣ; ȗȈȘȈȐȝ - ȌȘțȋȐȍ; ȐȠȊȈȘȈȝ - ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; șȈȌȑȈȝ - șȘȈȏț; ȝȘȐȌȐ - Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ; ȈȊȈȘțȌȝȑȈȚȍ - șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȍȕȕȣȔ; ȈȚȘȈ - ȏȌȍșȤ; ȒȘȐȚȐȉȝȐȝ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ; ȠțȠȘțȠțȉȝȐȝ - ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ țȋȓțȉȓȍȕȐȦ; ȚȈȚ-ȒȠȈȕȈȚ ȕȍȏȈȔȍȌȓȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ. ǷȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȧ ȊșȧȒțȦ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȗȘȍșȓȍȌțȦȡțȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȞȍȓȐ, ȥȚȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȈ» ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȍȚ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠțȦ ȐșȚȐȕț, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Țȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȟȤȐ șȍȘȌȞȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȟȐșȚȣ. ǪȣșȖȟȈȑȠȈȧ ȐșȚȐȕȈ - ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ȊșȍȖȉȡȍȋȖ ȉȓȈȋȈ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȈȧ ȖȚ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ. ǺȈȒȈȧ ȐșȚȐȕȈ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ. ȅȚȖȑ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȑ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȣ», șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȔ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ [Ȋ ȗȖȘț ȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȏȘȍȓȖșȚȐ], ȊȗȖȓȕȍ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ. ǯȈȟȍȔ Ȏȍ ȕțȎȕȣ ȒȈȒȐȍ-ȓȐȉȖ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ? DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȑ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȥȚȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȍȋȖ șȍȘȌȞȍ. 46


47 DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǿȍȚȣȘȍ ȖșȕȖȊȕȣȝ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȈ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ - ȥȚȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȍ, țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ Ȑ, ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ, ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǮȐȏȕȤ ȉȍȏ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ - ȥȚȖ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȌȐȒȈȘȧ. ǹȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ș ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǭȌȈ, șȖȕ, șȚȘȈȝ Ȑ șȖȊȖȒțȗȓȍȕȐȍ - ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ șȓȍȌțȦȚ Ȑ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȍ, Ȑ ȓȦȌȐ. ǵȖ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖșȖȉȣȔ ȊȐȌȖȔ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȊȖȑșȚȊȍȕ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț. ǩȍȏ ȕȍȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȕȐȟțȚȤ ȕȍ ȓțȟȠȍ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȍșȚȤ ȚȈ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ, ȐșȝȖȌȧ Ȑȏ Ȋȍȟȕȣȝ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ș ǩȖȋȖȔ, ȊȍȌȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȓ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǵȈ ȕȐȏȠȐȝ șȚțȗȍȕȧȝ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȐ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȐȌȍȚ ȉȖȘȤȉȈ ȏȈ ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊȖ ȕȈȌ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ, ȐȓȐ, ȐȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȕȍȗȘȍȒȘȈȡȈȦȡȍȍșȧ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ ȏȈ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ șȊȖȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǬȊȐȎȐȔȣȑ ȚȈȒȐȔ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǷȘȍșȓȍȌțȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȞȍȓȐ, Ȗȕ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ȐȓȐ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȍ ȖȉȘȧȌȣ. ǵȖ ȍșȓȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ Ȟȍȓȍȑ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȐȕȣȔȐ șȗȖșȖȉȈȔȐ, ȚȖ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔțȦ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȦ ȏȈȉȣȊȈȦȚ. ǺȈȒȖȊȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ Ȍȍȓ Ȋ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȑ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȐ: ȗȘȍțșȗȍȊȈȧ ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȐ, ȓȦȌȐ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȕȍ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșțȦȚșȧ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȍȑ. ǾȍȘȒȊȐ, ȔȍȟȍȚȐ Ȑ ȝȘȈȔȣ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȗțșȚțȦȚ. dzȦȌȍȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșțȦȚ ȏȈȊȖȌȣ, ȔȈȋȈȏȐȕȣ Ȑ ȒȐȕȖȚȍȈȚȘȣ, ȟȍȔ ȒțȓȤȚȖȊȣȍ ȏȌȈȕȐȧ, ȊȖȏȌȊȐȋȕțȚȣȍ Ȑȝ ȗȘȍȌȒȈȔȐ. ȅȚȖ ȕȈ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȍ ȌȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȓ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ ȘȈȌȐ ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕțȎȕȈ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǵȍȘȍȌȒȖ șȓțȟȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȚȍȘȗȍȓ ȕȍțȌȈȟț Ȋ ȗȖȋȖȕȍ ȏȈ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ ȏȈȌțȔȣȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȗ șȗȈșȍȕȐȐ Ȑ ȗȣȚȈȍȚșȧ șȓȐȚȤșȧ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȐ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧ, ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȊȐȌȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǪȍȌȣ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ Ȑ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȐȧ, ȘȍȋțȓȐȘțȦȡȐȍ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȊȣȠȍțȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȝ ȊȐȌȈ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǹȖȉȓȦȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑȝ ȌȈȍȚ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȐȏȉȍȎȈȚȤ ȕȍȕțȎȕȖȋȖ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ Ȋ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǵȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ Ȓ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȕȈ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ Ȓ ȉȖȘȤȉȍ ȏȈ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ. Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ ȎȍșȚȖȒȖȍ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ ȔȍȎȌț ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔȐ, ȓȦȌȤȔȐ, ȖȉȡȐȕȈȔȐ, ȕȈȞȐȧȔȐ. ǵȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȣȠȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȟȈȦȚ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȈȔȐ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ șȚȖȧȚ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ, ȊȍȌțȡȍȔ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, Ȓ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ Ȑ ȉȓȈȎȍȕȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȚȓȐȊȣ Ȑ ȟȐșȚȣ șȍȘȌȞȍȔ. Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ Ȋșȍ ȏȈȊȐȌțȦȚ ȌȘțȋ ȌȘțȋț, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ. ǵȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȏȈȊȐșȚȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȎȍȓȈȦȚ ȊșȍȔ ȌȖȉȘȈ, șȚȈȘȈȧșȤ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȉȖȋȖȞȍȕȚȘȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȕȍ ȉțȌȍȚ ȔȍșȚȈ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȟȍșȚȊț. ǹȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȈȧ șȖȞȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȉȍȏ ȒȖȕȒțȘȍȕȞȐȐ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȍȕȕȈ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȋ șȖȞȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȔ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍ ȐȌȍȚ ȉȖȘȤȉȈ ȏȈ ȗȖșȚ ȌȐȒȚȈȚȖȘȈ. ǹ ȚȖȟȒȐ ȏȘȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȌ Ȑ ș ȚȖȟȒȐ ȏȘȍȕȐȧ ȖȉȣȟȕȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȖșȕȖȊȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ. Ǫ ǪȍȌȈȝ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȚȘȐ ȗțȚȐ. ǷȍȘȊȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȘȈȌȐ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȓțȟȠȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ. ǪȚȖȘȖȑ - ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȕȈ Ȑȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ. ǺȘȍȚȐȑ - ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, ǭȍ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȋȖ ȈșȗȍȒȚȈ Ȑ șȓȐȧȕȐȍ ș ǵȍȑ. 47


48 ǩȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ ȈșȗȍȒȚ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǭȍ ȊȣșȠȐȔ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ. ǵȈȌ ȕȐȔ șȚȖȐȚ ȈșȗȍȒȚ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ, Ȉ ȍȡȍ ȊȣȠȍ - ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȕȣȑ ȈșȗȍȒȚ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȕȣȑ ȈșȗȍȒȚ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȊȣȠȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȑ ȐȔȗȍȘșȖȕȈȓȐșȚȖȊ ȐȓȐ ȘȈȏȌȍȓ ǪȍȌ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȒȈȕȌȈ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȐȚ ȌȈȎȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȍșȧ Ȓ ȘȈȏȌȍȓț ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȒȈȕȌȣ Ȑ țȗȈșȈȕȈ-ȒȈȕȌȣ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. Ǫ ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȒȈȕȌȍ ȐȌȍȚ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ ȏȈ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ ȘȈȑșȒȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ ȘȈȌȐ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȐȏȖȡȘȍȕȕȖȋȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖȍ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ ȍșȚȤ Ȑ Ȋ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȒȈȕȌȍ, Ȑ Ȋ țȗȈșȈȕȈ-ȒȈȕȌȍ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȊȣȠȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȍȋȖ ȞȍȓȤ - ǪȣșȠȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șțȉșȚȈȕȞȐȍȑ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȗȍȘȊȖȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȑ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȌȈȍȚ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȒȈȒ șȈȔț șțȉșȚȈȕȞȐȦ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȍȍ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ. ǹțȉșȚȈȕȞȐȧ - ȥȚȖ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȉ Ȋșȍ ȥȔȈȕȈȞȐȐ - ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǵȐȟȚȖ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȚ șțȉșȚȈȕȞȐȐ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ ȖȚ ȕȍȍ. ȅȚȐ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȘȍȟȐȊȣ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȧȍȚ ȥȚț ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȧ, ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȕțȦ Ȋ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȍ», ȕȈȟȐȕȈȧ ș șțȚȘȣ ȌȎȈȕȔȈȌȑ ȈșȑȈ. ǷȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȍȌȐȕȈ ș ǵȐȔ Ȑ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȈ ȖȚ ǵȍȋȖ, șȖȌȍȘȎȈȚ Ȋ șȍȉȍ ȖȚȊȍȚ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȔ ȔȣșȓȐȚȍȓȧȔ, ȗȣȚȈȦȡȐȔșȧ ȊȖȏȊȍșȚȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ Ȋ ȘȈȕȋ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȥȚȖ, Ȗȕ ȊȐȌȐȚ ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȔȖȕȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ, Ȑ ȌțȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȐ. ǸȈȏȊȐȊ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȕȖȍ ȕȈ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȐ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȧ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȗȖȌȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈ șȚțȗȍȕȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȖȚ ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ. Dz ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧȔ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȔȣȍ țȔȖȔ Ȑ ȚȍȓȖȔ, șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȔȣȍ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, Ȑ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ ȖȚ șȚȐȝȐȑȕȣȝ ȉȍȌșȚȊȐȑ, ȕȍȗȖȌȊȓȈșȚȕȣȝ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ș ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊȘțȟȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȖȏȕȈȍȚ șȊȖȍ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȖ ș ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȖȔ Ȑ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ șȊȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ șȓțȋȐ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȈ. ǸțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊțȧșȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȠȐȉȖȟȕȖ șȟȐȚȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕȖȔ ȊșȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ ȖȒȘțȎȈȍȚ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȍȚ ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ. ǵȖ șȚȖȐȚ ȍȔț ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ șȓțȋȐ, Ȑ Ȗȕ ȚțȚ Ȏȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ. ǬȖ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ ȗȖȒȈ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȗȣȚȈȍȚșȧ ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈȌ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ, ȖȕȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ șȓțȋȖȑ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȋȖ. ǫȖșȗȖȌț șȓțȎȈȚ Ȋ ȟȐșȚȖȔ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖșȚȐ șȊȖȍȋȖ «ȧ». ǩȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȚȈȒȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȍȑ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ Ȓ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȍ», ȕȈȗȐșȈȕȕȣȑ șȈȔȐȔ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ. Ƕȕ ȕȈȗȐșȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ Ȋ ȗȖȘț șȊȖȍȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȏȘȍȓȖșȚȐ. ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ - ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȐȧȔȐ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȣ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȍȋȖ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȓȍȎȐȚ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȦ. ǽȖȚȧ ȐȔ șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȣ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ, ȊȣȠȍ ȊșȍȋȖ Ȗȕ șȚȈȊȐȚ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȍ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». Ǫ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȦȚșȧ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ șȗȖșȖȉȣ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, ȕȖ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȗ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ. ǷȖȓțȉȖȋȐ - ȥȚȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȚȍȓȈ, șȈȔȐȔ Ȏȍ ȚȍȓȖȔ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǶȚșȦȌȈ șȓȍȌțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ 48


49 ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȕȍ ȕțȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǪȣȌȍȓȧȧ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑȏ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ ǷțȘȈȕ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȍȋȖ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȖȑ ǷțȘȈȕȖȑ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ, ȍȋȖ ȕțȎȕȖ șȓțȠȈȚȤ șȖ șȔȐȘȍȕȐȍȔ. ǪȣȏȣȊȈȦȡȍȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ȕȍȔț ȍȌȊȈ ȓȐ ȉțȌȍȚ șȗȖșȖȉșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ țșȊȖȍȕȐȦ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȖ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șȓȖȊȖ, țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȡȍȍ ȊȍȘȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ Ȓ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȦ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ»: ȠțȠȘțȠț. ǶȕȖ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȚȘȍȔȐȚȤșȧ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ. ǷȍȘȊȣȔ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔ țșȓȖȊȐȍȔ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ șȓțȠȈȚȤ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ țȌȈȟȓȐȊ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȈ Ȓ șȓțȠȈȕȐȦ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǹȈȔ ȔȍȚȖȌ ȗȘȖșȚ, ȕȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȍȔț ȚȘțȌȕȖ. ǵȍțȌȈȟȓȐȊȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȍșȚȐ ȗțșȚȣȍ ȘȈȏȋȖȊȖȘȣ ȕȈ șȖȞȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ Ȑ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȚȍȔȣ. ǵȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȗȘȐȋȓȈȠȈȦȚ Ȑȝ ȕȈ ȟȚȍȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ț ȕȐȝ ȊȌȘțȋ ȗȘȖȗȈȌȈȍȚ ȊșȧȒȖȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ șȓțȠȈȚȤ. ǷȖȘȖȑ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȟȚȍȞȣ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȖȒțȕȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗȉ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȚȘȈȒȚțȧ Ȑȝ ȒȈȒ ȥȘȖȚȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘț. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ. Ǫ ȌȈȕȕȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȗ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ șȔȣșȓ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ: «ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤ șȓțȠȈȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ" ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȣȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ». ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȏȈȊȍȘȧȍȚ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȝ, ȊȌțȔȟȐȊȣȝ Ȑ ȘȈșșțȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȓțȠȈȕȐȦ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȖȕȐ șȔȖȋțȚ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. ǷȘȖșȚȖ șȖȋȓȈșȐȊȠȐșȤ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȥȚȖȔț ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȦ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȘȈȏț ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔșȣ, ȔȐȕțȧ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ șȚțȗȍȕȐ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȖȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȕȐȋȈȔȈ-ȒȈȓȗȈ-ȚȈȘȖȘ ȋȈȓȐȚȈȔ ȗȝȈȓȈȔ ȠțȒȈ-ȔțȒȝȈȌ ȈȔȘȐȚȈ-ȌȘȈȊȈ-șȈȔȑțȚȈȔ ȗȐȉȈȚȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ ȘȈșȈȔ ȈȓȈȑȈȔ ȔțȝțȘ ȈȝȖ ȘȈșȐȒȈ ȉȝțȊȐ ȉȝȈȊțȒȈȝ ȕȐȋȈȔȈ - ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ; ȒȈȓȗȈ-ȚȈȘȖȝ - ȌȘȍȊȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ; ȋȈȓȐȚȈȔ - șȗȍȓȣȑ; ȗȝȈȓȈȔ - ȗȓȖȌ; ȠțȒȈ - ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȊȗȍȘȊȣȍ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȊȠȐȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ»; ȔțȒȝȈȚ - Ȑȏ țșȚ; ȈȔȘȐȚȈ - ȕȍȒȚȈȘ; ȌȘȈȊȈ - ȕȍȋțșȚȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȓȍȋȒȖ ȋȓȖȚȈȚȤ; șȈȔȑțȚȈȔ - șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ; ȗȐȉȈȚȈ - ȊȒțșȐȚȍ Ȏȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ - ȒȕȐȋȈ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȗ Ȋȍȟȕȣȝ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ; ȘȈșȈȔ - șȖȒ (ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ); ȈȓȈȑȈȔ - ȊȗȓȖȚȤ ȌȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ; Ȕțȝțȝ - ȊșȍȋȌȈ; ȈȝȖ - Ȗ!; ȘȈșȐȒȈȝ - Țȍ, ȒȚȖ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȏȕȈȍȚ ȘȈșȣ; ȉȝțȊȐ - ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȍ; ȉȝȈȊțȒȈȝ - ȔțȌȘȣȍ Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȖȖȗȣȚȕȣȍ. Ƕ ȐșȒțȠȍȕȕȣȍ Ȑ ȊȌțȔȟȐȊȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȊȒțșȐȚȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȏȘȍȓȣȑ ȗȓȖȌ ȌȘȍȊȈ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȣ. Ƕȕ ȐȏȖȠȍȓ Ȑȏ țșȚ ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȖȚȟȍȋȖ șȚȈȓ ȍȡȍ ȊȒțșȕȍȍ, ȝȖȚȧ ȍȋȖ ȕȍȒȚȈȘȕȣȑ șȖȒ Ȑ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȓ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȊșȍȔ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ Ȑ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ 49


50 ȌțȠȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȌȊțȝ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȐȝ ȠȓȖȒȈȝ ȉȣȓȖ țȉȍȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȊȖȐȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȖȟȐȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ. ǶȕȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖ ȒȖ ȊșȧȒȖȑ ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȔȐȘșȒȖȔț ȏȕȈȕȐȦ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȍȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȍ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȏȘȍȓȣȑ ȗȓȖȌ Ȋșȍȑ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȣ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȥȚȖ șȓȐȊȒȐ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȈȒ ȊȈȎȕȖ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȚȍȘȗȍȓȐȊȖ Ȑ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ. ǹȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ș ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍȔ. ǪȍȌȣ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ș ȌȘȍȊȖȔ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȚ Ȋșȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț. ǶȕȐ ȘȈșșȔȈȚȘȐȊȈȦȚ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȍ Ȑ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, Ȑ ș ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ. Ǫ ǪȍȌȈȝ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȚșȧ șȐșȚȍȔȈȚȐȏȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȖșȕȖȊȣ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȋ șȖȞȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ, ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ, ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȑ, ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ, ȊȖȍȕȕȖȑ Ȑ ȔȍȌȐȞȐȕșȒȖȑ șȜȍȘȈȝ, ȝȐȔȐȐ, ȜȐȏȐȒȍ Ȑ ȔȍȚȈȜȐȏȐȒȍ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȈȝ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȏȕȈȚȤ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ ȚȍȓȈ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȚȈȔ ȍșȚȤ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǹȐșȚȍȔȈȚȐȏȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȌȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ, Ȑ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȍȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ - ȥȚȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ Ȋșȍȝ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȊȒțșȖȊ, ȘȈș. ǵȈȟȐȕȈȧ ș ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, șȈȔȖȋȖ ȗȍȘȊȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȋȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, Ȑ ȒȖȕȟȈȧ ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȣȔ ȔțȘȈȊȤȍȔ - Ȋșȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȊȒțșȖȔ, ȖȡțȡȈȍȔȣȔ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔȐ. ȅȚȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȧȦȚșȧ ȚȍȘȔȐȕȖȔ ȘȈșȈ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȊȐȌȣ ȘȈș. Ǫ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ ȗȍȘȍȟȐșȓȍȕȣ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȘȈȏȕȖȊȐȌȕȖșȚȍȑ ȘȈș: 1) ȘȈțȌȘȈ (ȋȕȍȊ), 2) ȈȌȉȝțȚȈ (țȌȐȊȓȍȕȐȍ), 3) ȠȘȐȕȋȈȘȈ (șțȗȘțȎȍșȒȈȧ ȓȦȉȖȊȤ), 4) ȝȈșȑȈ (șȔȍȝ), 5) ȊȐȘȈ (ȘȣȞȈȘșȚȊȖ), 6) ȌȈȑȈ (ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ), 7) ȌȈșȑȈ (șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ), 8) șȈȒȝȑȈ (ȌȘțȎȉȈ), 9) ȉȝȈȑȈȕȈȒȈ (țȎȈș), 10) ȉȐȉȝȈȚșȈ (ȗȖȚȘȧșȍȕȐȍ), 11) ȠȈȕȚȈ (ȕȍȑȚȘȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ), 12) ȊȈȚșȈȓȑȈ (ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȤșȒȐȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ). ǹȖȊȖȒțȗȕȖșȚȤ ȥȚȐȝ ȘȈș ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ. dzȦȉȖȊȤ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȍȘȊțȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ Ȋ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȐ, șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ, ȌȘțȎȉȍ, ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȤșȒȖȑ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ șțȗȘțȎȍșȒȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ ȥȚȐ ȗȧȚȤ ȊȐȌȖȊ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȑ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊțȦȚ, ȓȦȉȖȊȤ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ȊȣȘȈȎȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȋȕȍȊȈ, țȌȐȊȓȍȕȐȧ, șȔȍȝȈ, ȘȣȞȈȘșȚȊȈ, șȚȘȈȝȈ, ȗȖȚȘȧșȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȌȈȓȍȍ. ǵȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȘȈșȈ ȓȦȉȊȐ ȔțȎȟȐȕȣ Ȓ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șțȗȘțȎȍșȒȖȑ ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ. ǵȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȥȚȐ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȕȈȘțȠȈȦȚșȧ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȕțȚȤ țȌȐȊȓȍȕȐȍ, ȋȕȍȊ, ȗȖȚȘȧșȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ țȎȈș. ǷȖȘȖȑ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȌȊțȔȧ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȦȚ șȊȖȍȑ ȒțȓȤȔȐȕȈȞȐȐ Ȋ țȎȈșȕȣȝ șȞȍȕȈȝ țȉȐȑșȚȊȈ. ȅȚȐ ȘȈșȣ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ȔȍȎȌț ȓȦȌȤȔȐ Ȑ ȔȍȎȌț ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔȐ. Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȐȓȐ ȘȈșȣ ȔȍȎȌț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ Ȑ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔ ȐȓȐ ȔȍȎȌț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ ȊȐȌȈ. ǶȉȔȍȕ ȘȈșȈȔȐ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȔȍȎȌț ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȊȐȌȈ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȌțȠ, ȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȍȌȐȕȣ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȍȘȊȖȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖ ȖȉȔȍȕ ȘȈșȈȔȐ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȓ ȔȍȎȌț ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȞȍȓȣȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. ǬțȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȖȉȔȍȕ, ȘȈșȈ, ȔȍȎȌț ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȑ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȖȓȕȖȚȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȉȣȚȐȐ. 50


51 ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ ȠȘțȚȐ-ȔȈȕȚȘȈȝ, ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȋȐȔȕȈȝ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ȗȍȘȊȖȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ Ȋșȍȝ ȘȈș«. ǶȉȡȈȧșȤ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȕȈȝȖȌȧșȤ ș ǵȐȔ ȊȖ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ șȊȖȍȑ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȘȈșȣ, ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ. ȀȘțȚȐ-ȔȈȕȚȘȣ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȒȈȎȌȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȐȔȍȍȚ șȊȖȍ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ș ȗȘȐșțȡȍȑ ȍȔț ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȘȈșȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȖȕȖ ȖȉȔȍȕȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ș dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. ǰȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕțȦ ȘȈșț Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȡțȚȐȚȤ ȓȐȠȤ Ȋ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ. Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȘȈșȈ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȐȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȕțȦ, ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕțȦ ȜȖȘȔț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȘȈșȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȘȈțȌȘȣ (ȋȕȍȊȈ) Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ ȥȚȐȝ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȘȈș, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȖșȕȖȊȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȚȤ ȓȖȎȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȘȈș, ȖȚȘȈȎȈȦȡȐȝșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǹȊȍȌțȡȐȑ țȟȍȕȣȑ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȖȑ ȘȈșȖȑ Ȋ ȍȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ. ǪȕȈȟȈȓȍ Ȗȕ ȝȖȟȍȚ șȓȐȚȤșȧ șȖ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȔ. ǺȈȒ, ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ, ȕȍ ȗȖșȚȐȋȕțȊ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȘȈșȣ, ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȣȑȚȐ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȣ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȐ șȓȐȧȕȐȧ ș ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȞȍȓȣȔ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȘȈșț, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȚșȧ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȡțȚȐȚȤ, șȓțȠȈȧ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ - ȏȘȍȓȣȑ ȗȓȖȌ ȊșȍȋȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǹȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ șȓțȠȈȧ ȥȚȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ șȊȖȍȋȖ șȍȘȌȞȈ. ǵȖ ȕțȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖșȚȖȘȖȎȕȣȔ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ Ȑȏ ȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȍȋȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ. ǰȏ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ Ȑ ȉȣȓ ȗȖȓțȟȍȕ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǭȋȖ ȗȘȐȕȍș Ȑȏ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ Ȑ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ șȊȖȍȔț țȟȍȕȐȒț ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ. ǷȖșȓȍȌȕȐȑ Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ȥȚȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ șȊȖȍȔț șȣȕț, ȀȘȐȓȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȉ ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ ȍȋȖ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚț ȏȈ șȍȔȤ Ȍȕȍȑ ȌȖ ȍȋȖ șȔȍȘȚȐ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȉȣȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ țȎȍ ȊȖ ȟȘȍȊȍ șȊȖȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ Ȑ ȗȖșȓȍ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖȉțȟȍȕȐȧ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȚȖ ȗȖȧȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ, ȍȡȍ ȕȐ ȕȈ ȟȚȖ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȕȐ Ȋ ȔȐȘșȒȖȔ, ȕȐ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ șȔȣșȓȍ. ǵȖ ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȉȣȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ, Ȑ ȍȔț ȕȍ ȕȈȌȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȖȞȍșș ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ șȚțȗȍȕȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǰ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȗȖȌȕȧȊȠȐșȤ ȕȈȌ ȚȘȍȔȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȋțȕȈȔȐ, ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȓȈ ȥȚȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȘȈșȈ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȦȡȐȍ ȋȐȔȕȣ ǪȍȌ. ǰȋȘȣ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȚ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȟȍȔ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȖȉȔȍȕȐȊȈȚȤșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȘȈșȖȑ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ș ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȍȚ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȓ Ȑȝ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȍȚ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȒȓȈșșȖȊ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ȐȡțȡȐȝ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ șȓȐȚȤșȧ ș ȊȣșȠȐȔ ȞȍȓȣȔ. ǹȈȕșȒȘȐȚșȒȖȍ șȓȖȊȖ ȠțȒȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȗȖȗțȋȈȑ». DzȖȋȌȈ ȥȚȈ ȗȚȐȞȈ ȒȓȦȕȍȚ șȊȖȐȔ 51


52 ȒȘȈșȕȣȔ ȒȓȦȊȖȔ șȖȏȘȍȊȠȐȑ ȗȓȖȌ, Ȗȕ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȍȡȍ șȓȈȡȍ. ǯȘȍȓȣȑ Ȑ șȖȟȕȣȑ ȗȓȖȌ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȗȖȓțȟȍȕ Ȑȏ țșȚ ȀȘȐȓȣ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ș ȗȖȗțȋȈȍȔ ȕȍ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȉȣȓ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȗȍȘȍșȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȋ ȚȖȟȕȖșȚȐ ȚȈȒȐȔ, ȒȈȒȐȔ țșȓȣȠȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ țȟȍȕȖȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ, Ȉ ȏȈ șȊȖȍ țȔȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȍȗȖȌȕȍșȚȐ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȑ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȍȗȖȌȕȖșȐȚșȧ țșȚȈȔȐ ȀȘȐȓȣ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȐȑ șȓțȠȈȚȍȓȤ, ȊȕȐȔȈȦȡȐȑ ȍȔț șȖ șȔȐȘȍȕȐȍȔ, ȔȖȎȍȚ șȘȈȏț ȖȡțȚȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ ȊȒțș, ȖȚȓȐȟȈȦȡȐȑșȧ ȖȚ ȐȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȕȣȝ ȊȒțșȖȊ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ȅȚȖȚ șȖȏȘȍȊȠȐȑ ȗȓȖȌ ȕȍ țȗȈȓ ȕȐ ș ȚȖȋȖ ȕȐ ș șȍȋȖ ș ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ DzȘȐȠȕȈȓȖȒȐ. ǵȈȗȘȖȚȐȊ, ȍȋȖ ȖșȚȖȘȖȎȕȖ, ȉȍȘȍȎȕȖ, Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȖȊȘȍȌȐȊ, ȖȗțșȚȐȓȐ ȗȖ ȞȍȗȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǵȍȌȈȓȍȒȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȐȍ Ȓ ȞȍȗȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ ȋȘțȉȣȍ ȖȠȐȉȒȐ, ȗȣȚȈȧșȤ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠțȦ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȘȈșț, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔțȦ ȚȈȕȞȍȔ ȘȈșȈ, ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȧ ȗȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȉȍȘȍȎȕȖ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȓȖȌ ȗȖ șȚțȗȍȕȧȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǵțȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖ ȚȖȔț, ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȉȍȘȍȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȓȐșȤ ș ȕȐȔ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȒȈȒ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǴȍȚȖȌ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ȠȒȖȓȣ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȣ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ Ȋ ȉțȌțȡȍȔ ȕțȎȕȖ ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», șȓțȠȈȧ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ ȀȘȐȓȣ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǷȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȟȚȍȞ, ȏȈȘȈȉȈȚȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ ȕȈ ȟȚȍȕȐȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȍ ȐȔȍȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ ȗȘȈȊȈ, ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǭȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȏȈȉȖȚȈ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ - ȏȈȘȈȉȖȚȈȚȤ șȍȉȍ ȕȈ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕțȎȕȖ ȐȏȉȍȋȈȚȤ ȓȍȒȞȐȑ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȖȊ. ǶȉȣȟȕȖ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ șȈȔȖȑ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, ȔȐȕțȧ ȗȘȖȞȍșș ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȈ. DzȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, ȖȕȐ ȉȍȘțȚșȧ ȏȈ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ȚȈȕȞȈ ȘȈșȈ, ȕȍȊȍȘȕȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȔȖȋȖ ȕȍȌȈȓȍȒȐȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȍȋȖ ȉȍȏȕȘȈȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ, ȌȘțȋȐȍ Ȏȍ ȗȣȚȈȦȚșȧ șȒȘȣȚȤ ȍȋȖ șțȚȤ ȏȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȋȓțȗȣȔȐ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȧȔȐ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȀȘȐȓȣ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǰȏ ȊȣȠȍșȒȈȏȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ ȐȏțȟȈȍȚ ȘȈșț, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖ ȞȍȗȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȐȌțȡȍȑ ȖȚ ȀȘȐȓȣ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȐȏȓȈȋȈȍȚ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȖȓȤȕȖ, ȎȍȓȈȧ țȋȖȌȐȚȤ ȖȉȣȊȈȚȍȓȧȔ, ȐȔȍȦȡȐȔ ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȣȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȋ ȕȈțȒȍ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȍȗȖȌȕȖșȐȚșȧ ȚȈȒ ȉȍȘȍȎȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȐȑ Ȑ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȕȈșȓȈȌȐȚȤșȧ ȏȘȍȓȣȔ ȗȓȖȌȖȔ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȊȒțȠȈȧ ȕȍȒȚȈȘȕȣȑ șȖȒ, ȐșȝȖȌȧȡȐȑ Ȑȏ țșȚ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȐȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȕȈȐȔȐȠȍ `ȕȐȔȐȠȈ-ȒȠȍȚȘȍ ȘȐȠȈȑȈȝ ȠȈțȕȈȒȈȌȈȑȈȝ șȈȚȘȈȔ șȊȈȘȋȈȑȈ ȓȖȒȈȑȈ șȈȝȈșȘȈ-șȈȔȈȔ ȈșȈȚȈ ȕȈȐȔȐȠȍ - Ȋ ȓȍșț ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȈ; ȈȕȐȔȐȠȈ-ȒȠȍȚȘȍ - Ȋ ȔȍșȚȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȌȖȘȖȋȖ ǪȐȠȕț (ȕȍ ȖȗțșȒȈȦȡȍȔț ȊȍȒ); ȘȐȠȈȑȈȝ - ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; ȠȈțȕȈȒȈ-ȈȌȈȑȈȝ - ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ ș ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȔ ȀȈțȕȈȒȖȑ; șȈȚȘȈȔ - ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ; șȊȈȘȋȈȑȈ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, 52


53 ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȑ ȕȈ ȕȍȉȍșȈȝ; ȓȖȒȈȑȈ - Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ; șȈȝȈșȘȈ - Țȣșȧȟț; șȈȔȈȔ - ȓȍȚ; ȈșȈȚȈ - șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȐ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ Ȋ șȊȧȚȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ, Ȋ ȓȍșț ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȈ șȖȉȘȈȓȐșȤ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ ș ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȔ ȀȈțȕȈȒȖȑ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȚȣșȧȟȍȓȍȚȕȍȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȘȐ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȐȍ ȠȓȖȒȐ șȓțȎȈȚ ȊșȚțȗȓȍȕȐȍȔ Ȓ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺȍȗȍȘȤ Ȏȍ ȘȈșȒȘȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȖșȕȖȊȕȈȧ ȚȍȔȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȊȗȍȘȊȣȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȓ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕ Ȋ ȓȍșț ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȈ. Ǫ «ǪȈȑȈȊȐȑȈ-ȚȈȕȚȘȍ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȒȖȕșȚȘțȒȚȖȘ ȕȈȠȍȑ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȓ șȍȉȍ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȍ ȒȖȓȍșȖ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȖȍ ȖȝȊȈȚȐȚȤ ȍȍ ȊșȦ. ǹȚțȗȐȞȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȋȘȖȔȈȌȕȖȋȖ ȒȘțȋȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓȈșȤ Ȋ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȖȔ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȈ. dzȍș ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȈ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ȚȈȒȎȍ Ȋ «ǪȈȘȈȝȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȍ», ȋȌȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ, țȔȍȕȤȠȈȍȚ șȐȓț ȌȍȔȖȕȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȟȐȚȈȦȚ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑț. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ǭȔț țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȣ Ȓ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȗȈȌȠȐȍ Ȏȍ ȌțȠȐ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȣ Ȓ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌȋȐȚȍ» țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȍȍ ȞȍȓȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț, ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȗȖȘȈȉȖȡȈȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋșȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȒȈȒ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ǪȐȠȕț Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȚ ȒȖ ȊșȍȖȉȡȍȔț ȔȐȘț Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȍȕșȚȊȐȦ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȉȖȚȧȚșȧ Ȗ ȉȓȈȋȍ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȍ ȀȈțȕȈȒȖȑ, Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ șȖȉȘȈȓȐșȤ Ȋ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕțȦ ȞȍȗȤ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ. ǯȈȉȣȊȟȐȊȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȦȚ ȊȍȘȕȖȋȖ ȗțȚȐ Ȓ ȔȐȘț Ȑ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȦ. ǵȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔ Ȗȕ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȍȕ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț, ȏȈȉȖȚȧșȤ Ȗ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȍ, ȖȕȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ ȌȍȑșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȔȐȘț ȔȐȘ. ǶȕȐ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȐȍ ȌȘțȏȤȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȕȍȊȏȐȘȈȧ ȕȐ ȕȈ ȒȈȒȐȍ ȓȐȠȍȕȐȧ, ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ șȓțȎȈȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǪȐȠȕț ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț ȌȍȘȍȊț, ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ Ȏȍ, ȓȦȌȐ, șȐȌȌȝȐ, ȟȈȘȈȕȣ, ȊȐȌȑȈȌȝȈȘȣ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - ȊȍȚȊȧȔ, ȗȖȉȍȋȈȔ Ȑ ȓȐșȚȤȧȔ ȕȈ ȕȍȔ. ǭșȓȐ ȗȖȓȐȊȈȚȤ ȒȖȘȍȕȤ ȌȍȘȍȊȈ, ȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȍȋȖ ȟȈșȚȐ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȕȈșȣȚȧȚșȧ ȊȖȌȖȑ. dzȐȠȤ ȖȚȘȍȏȈȕȕȣȍ ȊȍȚȊȐ Ȑ ȓȐșȚȤȧ ȕȍ ȉțȌțȚ ȗȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȣ. ǹȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ ȖȕȐ ȏȈșȖȝȕțȚ, șȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȉȣ Ȑȝ ȕȐ ȗȖȓȐȊȈȓȐ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȖȚȖȘȊȈȕȕȖȍ ȖȚ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȖȚȘȍȏȈȕȕȣȔ ȊȍȚȊȧȔ Ȑ ȓȐșȚȤȧȔ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȣȚȈȍȚșȧ Ȑȝ ȖȘȖȠȈȚȤ, ȕȈȗȘȈșȕȖ ȚȘȈȚȐȚ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ Ȑ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈ. ǹȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ țȚȘȈȚȐȓȖ șȊȖȦ șȊȧȏȤ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȗȓȈȕȣ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ-ȈȚȍȐșȚȖȊ ȕȈ ȒȈȎȌȖȔ ȠȈȋț ȚȍȘȗȧȚ ȒȘȈȝ. ǵȖ Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȖȉțȌȐȚȤ Ȑȝ ȖȚȖ șȕȈ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȊȍȒȍ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȔ ȔȍȚȖȌȖȔ ȗȘȖȉțȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȖȊȔȍșȚȕȖȍ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȍ 53


54 șȊȧȚȣȝ ȐȔȍȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȖȚ ȕȈțȟȕȣȑ ȔȍȚȖȌ ȌȈȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, Ȑ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ǭȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȍȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȍȕșȚȊȐȍ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕ ș ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ ȞȍȓȤȦ, Ȑ ȕȐȎȍ ȥȚȖ ȉțȌȍȚ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȖ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȚȈ ȥȒȈȌȈ Țț ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ ȗȘȈȚȈȘ ȝțȚȈ-ȝțȚȈȋȕȈȑȈȝ șȈȚ-ȒȘȐȚȈȔ șțȚȈȔ ȈșȐȕȈȔ ȗȈȗȘȈȟȟȝțȘ ȐȌȈȔ ȈȌȈȘȈȚ Țȍ - ȥȚȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; ȥȒȈȌȈ - ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ; Țț - ȕȖ; ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ - ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; ȗȘȈȚȈȝ - țȚȘȖȔ; ȝțȚȈ - ȘȈȏȊȍȌȧ; ȝțȚȈ-ȈȋȕȈȑȈȝ - ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȋȖȕȤ; șȈȚ-ȒȘȐȚȈȔ - ȌȖȓȎȕȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ; șțȚȈȔ - ȀȘȐ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ; ȈșȐȕȈȔ - ȊȖșșȍȌȈȊȠȍȔț; ȗȈȗȘȈȟȟȝțȝ - ȊȖȗȘȖȠȈȓȐ; ȐȌȈȔ - ȚȈȒ (Ȗ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȔ); ȈȌȈȘȈȚ - ș ȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȐȔ țȊȈȎȍȕȐȍȔ. Ǫ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ Ȍȕȍȑ, ȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȊ șȊȖȐ țȚȘȍȕȕȐȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȘȈȏȊȍȌȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȋȖȕȤ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȊ ȗȖȟȍȚȕȖȍ ȔȍșȚȖ ȀȘȐȓȍ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ș ȋȓțȉȖȒȐȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍȔ șȚȈȓȐ ȏȈȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȍȔț șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȍ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǻȚȘȖ - șȈȔȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȘȐȧȚȕȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȍȓȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȟȐȒț «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖȟȍȚȕȖȍ ȔȍșȚȖ ȕȈ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȐȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȊȑȈșȈșȈȕȖȑ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȔȍșȚȖȔ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȚȈȊȕȐȒȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǬȘțȋȐȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȕȐȒȐ șȟȐȚȈȦȚșȧ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ. ǷȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȤ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ - ȥȚȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ Ȋ ȚȖȟȕȖșȚȐ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȚȖȟȒț ȏȘȍȕȐȧ. ȀȘȐ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ țșȓȣȠȈȓ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȖȚ ȀȘȐȓȣ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ. Ǫșȍȝ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȝ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ Ȋ ȞȍȗȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ ȋȖșȊȈȔȐ. ȅȚȐ ȋȖșȊȈȔȐ ȖȉțȏȌȈȓȐ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȕȍțȒȓȖȕȕȖ șȓȍȌțȦȚ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȐȝ ȈȟȈȘȤȍȊ. Ǫ șȊȖȐȝ ȓȍȒȞȐȧȝ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȌȈȦȚ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȖȓȤȕȣȝ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȕȐȑ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǵȈȗȘȖȚȐȊ, ȖȕȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȡȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȕȍșțȚ șȊȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȗȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȠȍșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȖȊ, ȖȚ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ Ȋ ȕȍȐșȒȈȎȍȕȕȖȔ ȊȐȌȍ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓȐ ȥȚȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ. ǹȓțȠȈȚȍȓȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȊȗȘȈȊȍ ȏȈȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȟȐȒț ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȧșȕȐȚȤ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ țșȓȣȠȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȕȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȊȣȏȣȊȈȦȡȍ. ǪȖȗȘȖșȣ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȏȈȌȈȊȈȚȤ ș ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍȔ Ȓ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȟȐȒț Ȑ Ȓ șȈȔȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚț. ȅȚȖ Ȏȍ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ». ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȕȈțȒț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȚȤ, șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ șȓțȠȈȧ ȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȐȍ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ Ȓ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ș ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 ȘȐȠȈȑȈ țȟțȝ ȚȊȈȑȈ ȒȝȈȓț ȗțȘȈȕȈȕȐ șȍȚȐȝȈșȈȕȐ ȟȈȕȈȋȝȈ ȈȒȝȑȈȚȈȕȑ Ȉȗȑ ȈȌȝȐȚȈȕȐ 54


55 ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȠȈșȚȘȈȕȐ ȑȈȕȑ țȚȈ ȘȐȠȈȑȈȝ - ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; țȟțȝ - șȒȈȏȈȓȐ; ȚȊȈȑȈ - ȚȖȉȖȑ; ȒȝȈȓț - ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ; ȗțȘȈȕȈȕȐ ȌȖȗȖȓȕȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ, ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȧȦȡȐȍ ǪȍȌȣ; șȈ-ȐȚȐȝȈșȈȕȐ - ȕȈȘȧȌț ș ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȝȘȖȕȐȒȈȔȐ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȈȕȈȋȝȈ - șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȑ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ; ȈȒȝȑȈȚȈȕȐ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȓ; ȈȗȐ - ȝȖȚȧ; ȈȌȝȐȚȈȕȐ - ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȟȐȚȈȓ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȠȈșȚȘȈȕȐ - ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ, ȌȈȦȡȐȍ ȊȍȘȕȖȍ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț; ȑȈȕȐ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; țȚȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ. ǴțȌȘȍȞȣ șȒȈȏȈȓȐ: ǷȖȟȚȍȕȕȣȑ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Țȣ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ. Ǻȣ șȊȍȌțȡ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȡȐȝ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ Ȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧȝ, ȐȉȖ Țȣ ȐȏțȟȈȓ Ȑȝ ȗȖȌ ȌȖȓȎȕȣȔ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ șȈȔ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȓ Ȑȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȤ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ. ǿȍȚȣȘȍ ȖșȕȖȊȕȣȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȈ DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ ȚȈȒȖȊȣ: 1) ȕȍȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȕȈȧ șȊȧȏȤ ș ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ, 2) țȉȐȍȕȐȍ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, 3) țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȐȍ ȖȌțȘȔȈȕȐȊȈȦȡȐȝ șȘȍȌșȚȊ Ȑ 4) ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȍ ȈȏȈȘȚȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȖșȔȍȓȐȚȤșȧ șȍșȚȤ ȕȈ ȊȑȈșȈșȈȕț, ȋȖșȊȈȔȐ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ. ǵȍȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȖȔț Ȑ ȕȍ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȖȔț ȖȚ ȊȣȠȍțȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȚȤ șȈȌȐȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȊȑȈșȈșȈȕț. Ƕȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȉȣȚȤ șȊȍȌțȡȐȔ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, Ț.ȍ. Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ. ǷțȘȈȕȣ - ȥȚȖ ȚȖȎȍ ȟȈșȚȤ ǪȍȌ, Ȑ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ, ȒȈȒ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ» Ȑ «ǸȈȔȈȑȈȕȈ», ȚȈȒȎȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȟȈșȚȧȔȐ ǪȍȌ. ǨȟȈȘȤȧ, ȐȓȐ ȋȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȒȖȔ șȖ ȊșȍȔȐ ȥȚȐȔȐ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ. ǹȓțȠȈȚȤ Ȑ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȚȤ Ȑȝ ȊȈȎȕȍȍ, ȟȍȔ ȟȐȚȈȚȤ. ǩȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȔȖȎȕȖ țșȊȖȐȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȍ șȓțȠȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȧ. ǹȓțȠȈȕȐȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȠȘȈȊȈȕȈ, Ȉ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ - ȒȐȘȚȈȕȈ. ȅȚȐ ȌȊȈ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȈ ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȈȎȕȣ Ȍȓȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. dzȐȠȤ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ șȓțȠȈȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȖȋȖ ȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ șȓțȠȈȚȤ, țșȊȖȐȓ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȍȗȖȌȕȍșȚȐ ȍȋȖ ȌȘțȋȐȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȑȈȕȐ ȊȍȌȈ-ȊȐȌȈȔ ȠȘȍȠȚȝȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȉȈȌȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȝ Ȉȕȑȍ ȟȈ ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ șțȚȈ ȗȈȘȈȊȈȘȈ-ȊȐȌȖ ȊȐȌțȝ ȑȈȕȐ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ; ȊȍȌȈ-ȊȐȌȈȔ - ȏȕȈȚȖȒȐ ǪȍȌ; ȠȘȍȠȚȝȈȝ - șȚȈȘȍȑȠȐȑ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ; ȉȈȌȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȝ - ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ; Ȉȕȑȍ - ȌȘțȋȐȍ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; șțȚȈ - Ȗ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ; ȗȈȘȈȊȈȘȈ-ȊȐȌȈȝ - ȚȖȚ Ȑȏ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȝ țȟȍȕȣȝ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ, Ȑ ȔȍȚȈȜȐȏȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ; ȊȐȌțȝ - ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȏȕȈȍȚ. Ƕ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȒȈȒ șȚȈȘȍȑȠȐȑ țȟȍȕȣȑ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚȐșȚ, Țȣ ȏȕȈȒȖȔ ș țȟȍȕȐȍȔ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǻȣ ȏȕȈȍȠȤ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, șȊȍȌțȡȐȝ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȉȓȈșȚȧȝ ȜȐȏȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ Ȑ ȔȍȚȈȜȐȏȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ Ȓ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șțȚȘȈȔ», ȐȓȐ «ǩȈȌȈȘȈȑȈȕȐ ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȈȔ». ȅȚȖȚ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȈȊȚȖȘȖȔ Ȑ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘ», Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȒȊȐȕȚȥșșȍȕȞȐȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ - ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ 55


56 ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ. ǭșȚȤ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȗȖȔȐȔȖ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, ȈȊȚȖȘȣ ȠȍșȚȐ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȝ șȐșȚȍȔ: ǫȈțȚȈȔȈ, DzȈȕȈȌȈ, DzȈȗȐȓȈ, ǷȈȚȈȕȌȎȈȓȐ, ǬȎȈȐȔȐȕȐ Ȑ ǨȠȚȈȊȈȒȘȈ. Ǫ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȍ» șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ȚȍȐȏȔȈ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ Ȋ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȝ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧȝ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ șȐșȚȍȔ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȕȍ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ. ǹȈȌȐȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȊȑȈșȈșȈȕț ȔȖȎȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȏȕȈȒȖȔ șȖ ȊșȍȔȐ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȔȐ șȐșȚȍȔȈȔȐ Ȑ, ȘȈȏȊȍȕȟȐȊȈȧ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ țȟȍȕȐȧ, șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȚȍȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȐȌȍȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ȀȘȐȓȈ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȉȣȓ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ, Ȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓȐ ȍȔț ȏȈȕȧȚȤ ȔȍșȚȖ ȕȈ ȊȑȈșȈșȈȕȍ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȕȈȏȊȈȕ ȏȌȍșȤ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, ȐȉȖ Ȗȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ, ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȔ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȐȧȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȊȍȚȚȝȈ ȚȊȈȔ șȈțȔȑȈ ȚȈȚ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȚȈȚȚȊȈȚȈș ȚȈȌ-ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȈȚ ȉȘțȑțȝ șȕȐȋȌȝȈșȑȈ ȠȐȠȑȈșȑȈ ȋțȘȈȊȖ ȋțȝȑȈȔ Ȉȗȑ țȚȈ ȊȍȚȚȝȈ - Țȣ ȏȕȈȍȠȤ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ; ȚȊȈȔ - Ȗ ȌȖșȚȖȗȖȟȚȍȕȕȣȑ; șȈțȔȑȈ - ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȟȐșȚ Ȑ șȒȘȖȔȍȕ; ȚȈȚ - Țȍ; șȈȘȊȈȔ - Ȋșȍ; ȚȈȚȚȊȈȚȈȝ - ȐșȚȐȕȕȖ; ȚȈȚ - Ȑȝ; ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȈȚ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ; ȉȘțȑțȝ - ȗȖȊȍȌȈȍȠȤ; șȕȐȋȌȝȈșȑȈ - șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖȋȖ; ȠȐȠȑȈșȑȈ - țȟȍȕȐȒȈ; ȋțȘȈȊȈȝ - ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ; ȋțȝȑȈȔ - ȚȈȑȕț; ȈȗȐ țȚȈ - ȖȌȈȘȐȓȐ. ǰ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Țȣ șȔȐȘȍȕ, ȚȊȖȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȓȐ Țȍȉȍ Ȋșȍ ȉȓȈȋȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȗȖșȓțȠȕȣȑ țȟȍȕȐȒ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Țȣ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȘȈșȒȘȣȚȤ ȕȈȔ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȕȈțȟȕȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓȐ Țȍȉȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȍȒȘȍȚ țșȗȍȝȈ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ, Ȑ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȐȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȧ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ǿȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȊȖșȗȍȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȣȝ ȊȖșȤȔȐ șȚȘȖȜȈȝ: «ȇ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȔȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǬȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ, ȚȖȓȤȒȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȊ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǭșȓȐ Ȏȍ Ȗȕ ȕȍȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ, țȟȍȕȐȒ, ȐȌțȡȐȑ ȗțȚȍȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȚȍȘȗȐȚ ȒȘȈȝ». ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȟȘȍȏȊȣȟȈȑȕȖ ȊȈȎȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȟȍȕȐȒ ȉȣȓ ȗȖșȓțȠȕȣȔ Ȑ ȉȍȏȖȋȖȊȖȘȖȟȕȖ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȓșȧ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȒȈȒ țȟȍȕȐȒ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȓ ȊșȍȔ ȥȚȐȔ ȚȘȍȉȖȊȈȕȐȧȔ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȍȋȖ șȊȍȌțȡȐȍ, ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȍ șȍȉȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, șȘȍȌȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓȐ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ, șȗȖȓȕȈ ȖȌȈȘȐȓȐ ȍȋȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ. ǴțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ ȉȣȓȐ țȊȍȘȍȕȣ, ȟȚȖ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ - ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȎȈȎȌȈȓȐ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȚȈȚȘȈ ȚȈȚȘȈȕȌȎȈșȈȑțȠȔȈȕ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈ ȑȈȌ ȊȐȕȐȠȟȐȚȈȔ ȗțȔșȈȔ ȥȒȈȕȚȈȚȈȝ ȠȘȍȑȈș ȚȈȕ ȕȈȝ ȠȈȔșȐȚțȔ ȈȘȝȈșȐ 56


57 ȚȈȚȘȈ - Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ; ȚȈȚȘȈ - Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ; ȈȕȌȎȈșȈ - ȌȖșȚțȗȕȖ; ȈȑțȠȔȈȕ - ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȌȖȓȋȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ; ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈ - șȈȔ; ȑȈȚ - ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ; ȊȐȕȐȠȟȐȚȈȔ - ȊȣȧșȕȐȓ; ȗțȔșȈȔ - Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȥȒȈȕȚȈȚȈȝ - ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖ; ȠȘȍȑȈȝ - ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȚȈȚ - ȥȚȖ; ȕȈȝ - ȕȈȔ; ȠȈȔșȐȚțȔ - ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚȤ; ȈȘȝȈșȐ - ȌȖșȚȖȐȕ. ǷȖȚȖȔț, Ȗ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȌȖȓȋȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ, ȖȉȢȧșȕȐ Ȋ ȓȍȋȒȖȌȖșȚțȗȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ, ȟȚȖ, Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȚȊȖȐȔȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȣȔ Ȑ ȊȣșȠȐȔ ȉȓȈȋȖȔ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ȈȟȈȘȤȍ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȖȊȈȕȖ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ». ǨȟȈȘȤȐ Ȑ ȋȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȣ ȏȈȉȖȚȈȔȐ Ȗ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȐ ȊșȍȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ Ȗ ȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȐ. ǬțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȍ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȦ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȈȟȈȘȤȐ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȗțȚȤ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȦ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǷȘȍȌȊȐȌȧ ȕȍșȖșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ (ȎȍȓȍȏȕȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȘȈȏȌȖȘȖȊ), ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ Ȓ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ș ȗȘȖșȤȉȖȑ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȚȤ șțȚȤ Ȋșȍȝ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȓȦȌȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȕȐ ȕȈ ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȋȖȌȕȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȊȖȗȘȖȠȈȓȐ Ȗȉ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȔ ȉȓȈȋȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȣșȠȐȔ ȉȓȈȋȖȔ Ȍȓȧ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǬȈȓȍȍ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȓȈȟȍȊȕȖȍ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȗȘȈȑȍȕȈȓȗȈȑțȠȈȝ șȈȉȝȑȈ ȒȈȓȈȊ ȈșȔȐȕ ȑțȋȍ ȌȎȈȕȈȝ ȔȈȕȌȈȝ șțȔȈȕȌȈ-ȔȈȚȈȑȖ ȔȈȕȌȈ-ȉȝȈȋȑȈ ȝȑ țȗȈȌȘțȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȑȍȕȈ - ȗȖȟȚȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ; ȈȓȗȈ - ȒȖȘȖȚȒȈȧ; ȈȑțȠȈȝ - ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ; șȈȉȝȑȈ - ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȐȑ Ȓ țȟȍȕȣȔ ȒȘțȋȈȔ; ȒȈȓȈț - Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ (ȊȘȈȎȌȣ); ȈșȔȐȕ - Ȋ ȥȚț; ȑțȋȍ - ȥȗȖȝț; ȌȎȈȕȈȝ - ȓȦȌȐ; ȔȈȕȌȈȝ - ȓȍȕȐȊȣ; șțȔȈȕȌȈ-ȔȈȚȈȑȈȝ ȊȊȍȌȍȕȣ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȔȈȕȌȈ-ȉȝȈȋȑȈȝ - ȕȍțȌȈȟȓȐȊȣ; ȝȐ - Ȑ Ȓ ȚȖȔț Ȏȍ; țȗȈȌȘțȚȈȝ - ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȚ Ȋ ȚȘȍȊȖȋȍ. Ƕ ȔțȌȘȍȞ, Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ Ȏȍȓȍȏȕȣȑ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȒȖȘȖȚȒȈ. ǶȕȐ ȊȏȌȖȘȕȣ, ȓȍȕȐȊȣ, ȊȊȍȌȍȕȣ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ, ȕȍțȌȈȟȓȐȊȣ Ȑ Ȓ ȚȖȔț Ȏȍ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȚ Ȋ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖȑ ȚȘȍȊȖȋȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȉȖȚȧȚșȧ Ȗ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȍ Ȋșȍȝ Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ. ǷȘȖȈȕȈȓȐȏȐȘȖȊȈȊ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ, ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȗȘȍȌȊȐȌȍȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȉțȌȍȚ ȒȖȘȖȚȒȈ. Ǫ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ șȖȒȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ ȕȍ șȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖȋȖ ȗȐȚȈȕȐȧ, șȒȖȓȤȒȖ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȉȍșȗȖȘȧȌȖȟȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȘȈȏȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǪȍȌȧ țȗȖȘȧȌȖȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ ȗȐȚȈȧșȤ ȗȘȖșȚȖȑ ȗȐȡȍȑ, ȓȦȉȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȏȌȖȘȖȊȣȔ. ǷȍȘȍȍȌȈȕȐȍ, ȐȏȓȐȠȍșȚȊȈ, ȟȘȍȏȔȍȘȕȈȧ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȤ ȖȚ ȌȘțȋȐȝ Ȑ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȐ ȐșȚȖȡȈȦȚ ȎȐȏȕȍȕȕțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȎȐȏȕȐ șȖȒȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȓȦȌȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȓȍȕȐȊȣ, ȗȘȐȟȍȔ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ Ȋ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȝ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǮȐȏȕȤ ȌȈȕȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ Ȍȓȧ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ȅȚȖ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȒȚȖ Ȗȕ, 57


58 ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȘ Ȑ ȟȚȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȐșȚȐȕȖȑ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ - ȥȚȖ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖ, ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, șȖȗțȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȝ ȍȋȖ ȚȧȎȍȓȖȑ ȉȖȘȤȉȍ ȏȈ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, Ȑ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, Ȋ șȊȖȑ Ȋȍȟȕȣȑ ȌȖȔ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȗȖȘȖȟȕȖȑ șȐșȚȍȔȣ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȧ ț ȓȦȌȍȑ ȕȍ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȧ Ȓ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǬȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȌȖȊȖȌȐȚșȧ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ, Ȗȕ, țȊȣ, șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȑ ȏȈȉȓțȌȠȐȝ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȑ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ ȓȦȌȐ șȚȈȕȖȊȧȚșȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȈȔȐ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȋȘțȗȗȐȘȖȊȖȒ Ȑ ȗȈȘȚȐȑ. ǰȝ ȗȖȌșȚȍȘȍȋȈȦȚ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȍ ȘȈȏȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȧ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ: ȒȐȕȖ, șȗȖȘȚ, ȈȏȈȘȚȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ, Ȓȓțȉȣ, șȊȍȚșȒȐȍ ȉȐȉȓȐȖȚȍȒȐ, ȌțȘȕȖȍ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ, ȗȤȧȕșȚȊȖ, ȒțȘȍȕȐȍ, ȔȖȠȍȕȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ, ȊȖȘȖȊșȚȊȖ, ȌȘȈȒȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȖ ȉțȌȖȘȈȎȐȚ țȔ, ȖȚȟȍȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ ȚȘȍȊȖȋȍ. Ǫ ȥȚț ȥȗȖȝț ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȉȍșȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȊȣȌțȔȣȊȈȦȚ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ, ȕȍ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȕȐ ȕȈ ȖȌȕȖȔ Ȑȏ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, Ȑ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȊȍȘȖțȟȍȕȐȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȟȈșȚȖ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȚ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȘȍȌȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ. ǪșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȖȌ ȊȐȌȖȔ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚșȧ ȚȈȒ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȋȘȍȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ ȓȐȠȈȦȚșȧ ȗȖȒȖȧ Ȑ ȏȌȖȘȖȊȤȧ. ǷȍȘȍșȚȈȓ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȐȕșȚȐȚțȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȐ (țȟȍȕȐȒȖȊ), Ȉ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȍȊȈ ȕȍ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȦȚ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȑ ȋȘȐȝȈșȚȝȈ-ȈȠȘȈȔȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȊȈȕȈȗȘȈșȚȝȐ Ȑ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, ȗȘȖȠȍȌȠȐȍ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȋȘȐȝȈșȚȝȈ-ȈȠȘȈȔ, ȓȍȋȒȖ șȉȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ș ȥȚȖȋȖ ȚȘțȌȕȖȋȖ ȗțȚȐ. Ǫ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȖȗȐȚȈȕȖ ȉȍȏȊȍȘȐȍȔ, Ȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȈ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȧȔ. ǵȖȘȔȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȑ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȐ șȚȈȓȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǸȈȌȐ șȖȝȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȑ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȖȉȢȍȌȐȕȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȜȍȌȍȘȈȞȐȐ Ȑ șȖȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ, Ȑ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȈȧ ȕȈȗȘȧȎȍȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ȔȍȎȌț ȘȈȏȕȣȔȐ ȋȘțȗȗȐȘȖȊȒȈȔȐ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ ȚȖ Ȓ «ȋȖȘȧȟȐȔ», ȚȖ Ȓ «ȝȖȓȖȌȕȣȔ» ȊȖȑȕȈȔ. ǹȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊțȍȚșȧ ȐȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ Ȗ ȎȐȏȕȍȕȕȣȝ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȧȝ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖ. ǫȖȘȧ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ȊșȍȔ ȗȈȌȠȐȔ ȌțȠȈȔ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗțȚ, ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ Ȋ ȗȖȐșȒȈȝ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ Ȓ ȀȘȐȓȍ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȉȝțȘȐȕȐ ȉȝțȘȐ-ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ ȠȘȖȚȈȊȑȈȕȐ ȊȐȉȝȈȋȈȠȈȝ ȈȚȈȝ șȈȌȝȖ `ȚȘȈ ȑȈȚ șȈȘȈȔ șȈȔțȌȌȝȘȐȚȑȈ ȔȈȕȐȠȈȑȈ ȉȘțȝȐ ȉȝȈȌȘȈȑȈ ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ ȑȍȕȈȚȔȈ șțȗȘȈșȐȌȈȚȐ ȉȝțȘȐȕȐ - ȔȕȖȋȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȍ; ȉȝțȘȐ - ȔȕȖȋȖ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ - ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ; ȠȘȖȚȈ-ȊȑȈȕȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕțȎȕȖ ȐȏțȟȐȚȤ; ȊȐȉȝȈȋȈȠȈȝ - ȘȈȏȌȍȓȣ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ; ȈȚȈȝ - șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ; șȈȌȝȖ - Ȗ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȈȚȘȈ - ȏȌȍșȤ; ȑȈȚ - ȟȚȖ ȉȣ ȕȐ; șȈȘȈȔ - șțȡȕȖșȚȤ; șȈȔțȌȌȝȘȐȚȑȈ ȖȚȖȉȘȈȊ; ȔȈȕȐȠȈȑȈ - ȓțȟȠȍȍ Ȑȏ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȏȕȈȍȠȤ; ȉȘțȝȐ - șȖȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȐ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȚȤ ȕȈȔ; ȉȝȈȌȘȈȑȈ - Ȍȓȧ ȉȓȈȋȈ; ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ - ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; ȑȍȕȈ - ȟȍȔ; ȈȚȔȈ - ȌțȠȈ; șțȗȘȈșȐȌȈȚȐ - ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȍȚșȧ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȍ ȟȐșȓȖ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ Ȑȝ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȋȖȌȣ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȣ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, Ȗ ȔțȌȘȍȞ, 58


59 ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȐ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ șțȚȤ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȐȉȖ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȑȝ șȍȘȌȞȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǨȚȔȈ, ȌțȠȈ, ȖȚȓȐȟȕȈ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȖȊ. ǷȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ ȖȕȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȍȍ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȗȓȈȕȈȔȐ. Ǫșȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȣ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȑ ȌțȠȐ, ȈȚȔȣ. Ǭȓȧ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȚȐȗȖȊ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ ȐȔȍȦȚșȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȗȖȌȝȖȌȣ ș țȟȍȚȖȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ Ȑ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔ ȕȍȚ ȟȐșȓȈ, Ȑ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȔ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȖȊȈȕȣ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȔȍȚȖȌȣ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȣ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǻȟȐȚȣȊȈȧ ȌȍȋȘȈȌȈȞȐȦ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ, ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȓȐ ȀȘȐ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȚȤ șțȚȤ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȘȖȑȚȐ ȖȉțȟȍȕȐȍ Ȋ șȐșȚȍȔȍ ȊȈȘȕ Ȑ ȈȠȘȈȔȖȊ Ȑ ȐȏțȟȐȚȤ Ȑȝ. ǶȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȊȈȘȕ Ȑ ȈȠȘȈȔȖȊ șȟȐȚȈȓȖșȤ ȕȈȐȓțȟȠȍȑ șȖȞȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȐșȚȍȔȖȑ, șȗȖșȖȉșȚȊȖȊȈȊȠȍȑ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȦ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ, ȕȖ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍ DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ ȕȍ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ Ȑ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȥȚȐȝ ȐȕșȚȐȚțȚȖȊ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȘȊȈȚȤ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ șȖ șȊȖȍȑ șȍȔȤȍȑ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚ șȐșȚȍȔȈ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ. Ǫșȧ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘȈ ȗȘȖȗȐȚȈȕȈ ȊȘȈȎȌȍȉȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǷȘȐȕȐȔȈȧ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ ȊȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ. ǷȖȟȍȔț ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȐșȤ ș ȥȚȐȔ ȊȖȗȘȖșȖȔ Ȓ ȀȘȐ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȝ șȚȐȝȈȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 șțȚȈ ȌȎȈȕȈșȐ ȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ Țȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ șȈȚȊȈȚȈȔ ȗȈȚȐȝ ȌȍȊȈȒȑȈȔ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈșȑȈ ȌȎȈȚȖ ȑȈșȑȈ ȟȐȒȐȘȠȈȑȈ șțȚȈ - Ȗ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ; ȌȎȈȕȈșȐ - Țȣ ȏȕȈȍȠȤ; ȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ Țȍ - ȉțȌȤ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; șȈȚȊȈȚȈȔ - ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȗȈȚȐȝ - ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒ; ȌȍȊȈȒȑȈȔ - Ȑȏ ȟȘȍȊȈ ǬȍȊȈȒȐ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈșȑȈ - ȖȚ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ; ȌȎȈȚȈȝ - ȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȑ; ȑȈșȑȈ - ȟȚȖȉȣ; ȟȐȒȐȘȠȈȑȈ - ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ. ǩțȌȤ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕ, Ȗ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. Ǻȣ ȏȕȈȍȠȤ, Ȍȓȧ ȟȍȋȖ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȧȊȐȓȈșȤ Ȑȏ ȓȖȕȈ ǬȍȊȈȒȐ ȒȈȒ șȣȕ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȓȖȊȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȋȖ ǩȖȋȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȊșȍȔȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, șȓȈȊȖȑ, ȒȘȈșȖȚȖȑ, ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍȔ. Ƕȕ ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǩȖȋ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕ Ȓ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț, ȕȖ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ Ƕȕ ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȐȚ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ. ǹȈȚ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț. Ǩ șȓțȋ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ șȈȚȊȈȚȈȔȐ. ǰ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȍȚ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȏȌȍșȤ ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒȖȔ șȈȚȊȈȚ. ǩȝȈȌȘȈȔ Țȍ - «ȉțȌȤ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕ» - țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȋȖȘȧȟȍȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ țȏȕȈȚȤ ȖȚ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȡȍȋȖ Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȧȊȐȓșȧ șțȗȘțȋȍ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, ǬȍȊȈȒȐ. ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ - ȥȚȖ șȐȔȊȖȓ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚ ǹȍȉȧ. 59


60 ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȚȈȕ ȕȈȝ ȠțȠȘțȠȈȔȈȕȈȕȈȔ ȈȘȝȈșȑ ȈȕȋȈȕțȊȈȘȕȐȚțȔ ȑȈșȑȈȊȈȚȈȘȖ ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ ȒȠȍȔȈȑȈ ȟȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȑȈ ȟȈ ȚȈȚ - Țȍ; ȕȈȝ - ȕȈȔ; ȠțȠȘțȠȈȔȈȕȈȕȈȔ - Țȍ, ȘȈȌȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȗȘȐȓȈȋȈȦȚ țșȐȓȐȧ; ȈȘȝȈșȐ - șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ; ȈȕȋȈ - Ȗ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ; ȈȕțȊȈȘȕȐȚțȔ - ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚȤ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȗȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȐȝ ȈȟȈȘȤȍȊ; ȑȈșȑȈ - ȟȤȐ; ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈȝ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ; ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; ȒȠȍȔȈȑȈ - ȘȈȌȐ ȉȓȈȋȈ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȉȝȈȊȈȑȈ - ȊȖȏȊȣȠȈȍȚșȧ; ȟȈ - Ȑ. Ƕ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȕȣ ȎȈȎȌȍȔ țȏȕȈȚȤ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȝ. ǸȈȏȢȧșȕȐ ȕȈȔ ȗȖțȟȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȐȝ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȑ (ȈȟȈȘȤȍȊ), ȐȉȖ Ȑ ȐȏȓȈȋȈȧ, Ȑ șȓțȠȈȧ ȥȚȐ ȗȖțȟȍȕȐȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȈȍȚșȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǯȌȍșȤ ȗȍȘȍȟȐșȓȍȕȣ țșȓȖȊȐȧ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȍ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǷȍȘȊȖȍ țșȓȖȊȐȍ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ șȓțȠȈȚȍȓȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȐȔȐ Ȑ ȋȖȘȍȚȤ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ. ǫȖȊȖȘȧȡȐȑ Ȏȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚȤ Ȓ ȞȍȗȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȐȌțȡȍȑ ȖȚ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȈȟȈȘȤȐ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȈ ȕȍ ȗȖȑȔțȚ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǷȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȖȟȐȡȈȍȚșȧ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚȤ Ȓ ȞȍȗȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȈțȟȐȚȤșȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȐșȒțșșȚȊț șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȠȈȕȐȧ. Ǫ șȓțȟȈȍ ș ǹțȚȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ țșȓȖȊȐȧ șȖȉȓȦȌȍȕȣ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ Ȓ ȞȍȗȐ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȐȌțȡȍȑ ȖȚ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, Ȉ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ - ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȐȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȋȖȘȧȡȐȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ țȏȕȈȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕț. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȋșȍ ȚȘȍȉȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȍȕȣ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȗ șȊȍȘȝȢȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ǭȋȖ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȐ Ȑ țȝȖȌȍ, ǭȋȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȐ, ǭȋȖ ȕȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȐ, ȜȖȘȔȈȝ, ȐȔȍȕȈȝ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȍȔ ȓȍȋȒȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȉȍșȍȌȣ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȦȚ ȊșȍȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȈȗȈȕȕȈȝ șȈȔșȘȐȚȐȔ ȋȝȖȘȈȔ ȑȈȕ-ȕȈȔȈ ȊȐȊȈȠȖ ȋȘȐȕȈȕ ȚȈȚȈȝ șȈȌȑȖ ȊȐȔțȟȑȍȚȈ ȑȈȌ ȉȐȉȝȍȚȐ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȉȝȈȑȈȔ ȈȗȈȕȕȈȝ - ȏȈȗțȚȈȊȠȐȍșȧ; șȈȔșȘȐȚȐȔ - Ȋ șȍȚȧȝ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ; ȋȝȖȘȈȔ - ȖȟȍȕȤ ȏȈȗțȚȈȕȕȣȝ; ȑȈȚ - ȟȚȖ; ȕȈȔȈ - ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȍ ȐȔȧ; ȊȐȊȈȠȈȝ - ȕȍ șȖȏȕȈȊȈȧ ȚȖȋȖ; ȋȘȐȕȈȕ - ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȍ; ȚȈȚȈȝ - ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ; șȈȌȑȈȝ - șȘȈȏț; ȊȐȔțȟȑȍȚȈ - ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȦȚșȧ; ȑȈȚ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ; ȉȐȉȝȍȚȐ - ȗțȋȈȍȚ; șȊȈȑȈȔ - ȓȐȟȕȖ; ȉȝȈȑȈȔ - șȈȔ șȚȘȈȝ. ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȏȈȗțȚȈȊȠȐȍșȧ Ȋ ȝȐȚȘȖșȗȓȍȚȍȕȐȧȝ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ, șȚȖȐȚ ȐȔ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍȖșȖȏȕȈȕȕȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȚȐ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȉȖȐȚșȧ șȈȔ șȚȘȈȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, 60


61 ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ ȊșȍȋȖ șțȡȍȋȖ. ǪȖ ȊșȍȔ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȒȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȉȖȧȓșȧ ȉȣ ȋȕȍȊȈ ǪșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȋȖ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȈșțȘȣ, ȒȈȒ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ, ǽȐȘȈȕȑȈȒȈȠȐȗț, DzȈȔșȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - Ȋșȍ ȉȣȓȐ țȉȐȚȣ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. ǰ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȐȑ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ ȕȈȌȍȓȐȓ ǹȊȖȍ ȐȔȧ ȊșȍȔ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ. Ǫșȍ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș ǵȐȔ Ȑ Ȋ ǵȍȔ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ. ǯȌȍșȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ șȈȔ șȚȘȈȝ ȉȖȐȚșȧ ȐȔȍȕȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȐȔȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȕȖ ȖȚ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȐȔȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȈȒȐȔ Ȏȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, ȒȈȒ Ȑ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, Ȑ ȔȍȎȌț ȕȐȔȐ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȑ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȌȈȎȍ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȓȐȞȖȔ șȈȔȣȝ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȝ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȍȑ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ șȊȧȚȣȔȐ ȐȔȍȕȈȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȐȔȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȕȖȍ ȌȈȎȍ ȉȍșșȖȏȕȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȐȓȐ ȗȖȌ ȌȈȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȊȣȉȘȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ șȍȚȍȑ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 ȑȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈ-șȈȔȠȘȈȑȈȝ șțȚȈ ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ ȗȘȈȠȈȔȈȑȈȕȈȝ șȈȌȑȈȝ ȗțȕȈȕȚȑ țȗȈșȗȘȐȠȚȈȝ șȊȈȘȌȝțȕȑ-ȈȗȖ `ȕțșȍȊȈȑȈ ȑȈȚ - ț ȟȤȐȝ; ȗȈȌȈ - ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ; șȈȔȠȘȈȑȈȝ - Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȈȠȍȓ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ; șțȚȈ - Ȗ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ; ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; ȗȘȈȠȈȔȈȑȈȕȈȝ - ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȔț; șȈȌȑȈȝ - șȘȈȏț; ȗțȕȈȕȚȐ - ȖșȊȧȡȈȦȚ; țȗȈșȗȘȐȠȚȈȝ - ȖȌȕȐȔ șȊȖȐȔ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍȔ; șȊȈȘȌȝțȕȐ - șȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȑ ǫȈȕȋȐ; ȈȗȈȝ ȊȖȌȣ; ȈȕțșȍȊȈȑȈ - ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȔȣȍ. Ƕ ǹțȚȈ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, Ȍȓȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȍ șȚȖȗȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȚȈȓȐ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍȔ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ șȘȈȏț ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕȍȚșȧ ș ȕȐȔȐ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȊȖȌȣ ǫȈȕȋȐ ȖȟȐȡȈȦȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȐ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȔ țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȐȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǿȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȍȍ ȊȖȌ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȑ ȘȍȒȐ ǫȈȕȋȐ. ǪȖȌȣ ǫȈȕȋȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȗȘȐ ȌȓȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȔ țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȐȐ, ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ Ȏȍ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤșȧ șȘȈȏț. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ȠțȌȘȖȑ, ȎȍȕȡȐȕȖȑ ȐȓȐ ȚȖȘȋȖȊȞȍȔ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȈȑȚȐ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ ț ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǵȈȑȚȐ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ ț ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ ȕȈȑȚȐ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ ț ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǿȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȔ ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȧ Ȑȝ ȐȔȍȕȈȔȐ ǷȘȈȉȝțȗȈȌȈ Ȑ ǪȐȠȕțȗȈȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȒȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ ț ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȧ ȍȋȖ șȊȖȐȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ, ȔȖȎȍȚ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤșȧ. ǺȈȒȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȕȈȘȈȊȕȍ ș ǵȐȔ ǹȈȔȐȔ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȖȕȐ - șȈȔȣȍ ȉȓȐȏȒȐȍ șȓțȋȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶȕȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȦȚ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȌȖȔȖȑ, ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, ȎȍȓȈȍȚ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔ, ȚȈȒȐȍ ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȕȈȔȍșȚȕȐȒȈȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǰșȒȘȍȕȕȐȑ țȟȍȕȐȒ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȟȐȚȈȍȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ ȘȈȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȉ Ȗ șȍȉȍ ȌțȔȈȍȚ ȒȈȒ Ȗ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖȔ șȓțȋȍ șȓțȋȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺȈȒȖȊ ȗțȚȤ ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȐ. 61


62 ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 ȒȖ ȊȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȗțȕȑȈ-ȠȓȖȒȍȌȑȈ-ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈȕ ȠțȌȌȝȐ-ȒȈȔȖ ȕȈ ȠȘȐȕțȑȈȌ ȑȈȠȈȝ ȒȈȓȐ-ȔȈȓȈȗȈȝȈȔ ȒȈȝ - ȒȚȖ; ȊȈ - ȕȈȗȘȖȚȐȊ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȚȈșȑȈ - ǭȋȖ; ȗțȕȑȈ - ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȣȍ; ȠȓȖȒȈ-ȐȌȑȈ - ȗȘȍȊȖȏȕȖșȐȔȣȍ Ȋ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȈȝ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈȝ - ȌȍȧȕȐȧ; ȠțȌȌȝȐ-ȒȈȔȈȝ ȎȍȓȈȧ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȠȘȐȕțȑȈȚ - șȓțȠȈȍȚ; ȑȈȠȈȝ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ; ȒȈȓȐ - Ȋ ȊȍȒȍ ȊȘȈȎȌȣ; ȔȈȓȈ-ȈȗȈȝȈȔ - ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖșȊȧȡȈȍȚ. DzȚȖ Ȑȏ șȚȘȍȔȧȡȐȝșȧ Ȓ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȍȕȐȦ ȖȚ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ ȊȍȒȈ ȊȘȈȎȌȣ ȕȍ ȏȈȝȖȟȍȚ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ ȝȊȈȓț ǫȖșȗȖȌț? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȍȒ DzȈȓȐ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȗȘȐșțȡȍȑ ȍȔț ȊȘȈȎȌȍȉȕȖșȚȐ șȈȔȣȑ ȕȍȉȓȈȋȖȗȘȐȧȚȕȣȑ Ȑȏ Ȋșȍȝ. Ƕȕ ȚȈȒ ȐȏȖȉȐȓțȍȚ ȗȖȘȖȒȈȔȐ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȔȈȓȍȑȠȐȝ ȕȍȌȖȘȈȏțȔȍȕȐȑ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȧȚ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ șȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȕȧȚ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȕȍ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ Ȓ șȈȔȖȊȖȏȊȍȓȐȟȐȊȈȕȐȦ, ȒȚȖ șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍ ȏȈȕȧȚ șțȝȐȔȐ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȔȐ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȘȍȖȌȖȓȍȚȤ ȊȘȈȎȌȍȉȕȖșȚȤ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȚȘțȌȕȖȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ. dzȐȌȍȘȣ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȎȐȚȤ Ȋ ȔȐȘȍ Ȑ ȌȘțȎȉȍ, ȕȖ ȐȔ ȕȍȊȍȌȖȔ ȥȚȖȚ ȕȍșȓȖȎȕȣȑ ȔȍȚȖȌ - șȓțȠȈȚȤ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȦȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵȈȗȘȖȚȐȊ, ȥȚȐ ȓȐȌȍȘȣ ȊȘȈȎȌȍȉȕȖ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȦ șȓȈȊȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȋȓțȗȣȍ ȓȐȌȍȘȣ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȚȘȐȞȈȦȚ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶȚ ȐȔȍȕȐ șȊȍȚșȒȖȋȖ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȈ ȖȕȐ ȍȎȍȋȖȌȕȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȦȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȋȘȈȔȔȣ. ǵȖ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȗȓȈȕȣ, ȞȍȓȤ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȌȖȉȐȚȤșȧ ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȈ, ȕȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȖ ȚȍȘȗȧȚ ȒȘȈȝ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȕȍȗȘȍȖȌȖȓȐȔȣȝ ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȍȑ, șȖȏȌȈȊȈȍȔȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǻ ȕȐȝ ȕȍȚ ȋȓȈȏ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ Ȑȝ ȗȖȗȣȚȒȐ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȔȐȘȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȎȉȣ ȚȍȘȗȧȚ ȒȘȈȝ. ǵȖ ȏȌȍșȤ ȗȖȌșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ, ȒȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ șȗȘȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ș ȥȚȐȔȐ ȗȘȖȉȓȍȔȈȔȐ. ǭșȓȐ Ȕȣ ȝȖȚȐȔ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȖȚȒȘȣȚȤ ȗțȚȤ Ȓ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȏȈ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ, ȖȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ Ȋ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȚȈșȑȈ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȑ țȌȈȘȈȕȐ ȗȈȘȐȋȐȚȈȕȐ șțȘȐȉȝȐȝ ȉȘțȝȐ ȕȈȝ ȠȘȈȌȌȈȌȝȈȕȈȕȈȔ ȓȐȓȈȑȈ ȌȈȌȝȈȚȈȝ ȒȈȓȈȝ ȚȈșȑȈ - ǭȋȖ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ; țȌȈȘȈȕȐ - ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȌțȠȐȧ; ȗȈȘȐȋȐȚȈȕȐ - ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ; șțȘȐȉȝȐȝ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȌțȠȐ; ȉȘțȝȐ șȖȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȐ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȚȤ; ȕȈȝ - ȕȈȔ; ȠȘȈȌȌȈȌȝȈȕȈȕȈȔ - ȋȖȚȖȊȣȔ ș ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍȔ șȓțȠȈȚȤ; ȓȐȓȈȑȈ - ȐȋȘȣ; ȌȈȌȝȈȚȈȝ - ȧȊȐȊȠȐȝșȧ; ȒȈȓȈȝ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ. Ƕȕ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȌțȠȍȕ Ȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊ Ȋ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ, Ȑ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, ȒȈȒ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ, ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȦȚ Ȑȝ. Ǵȣ ȎȈȎȌȍȔ șȓȣȠȈȚȤ Ȗ ȕȐȝ. ǸȈșșȒȈȎȐ ȕȈȔ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗ ȗȖȌȊȐȋȈȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ Ȋ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȝ. 62


63 DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȖȗȘȍȒȐ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȕȍ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȉȍȏȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ. Ƕȕ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȌțȠȍȕ Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȟȍșȚȊȍȕ Ȋ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ. Ǫșȍ ǭȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ - ȒȈȒ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ - țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣ Ȑ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣ. ǶȕȐ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȕȣ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȌțȠȈȔȐ, ȒȈȒ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ, ǪȑȈșȈ, ǪȈȓȔȐȒȐ, ǬȍȊȈȓȈ, ǨșȐȚȈ, ǴȈȌȝȊȈ, ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ, ǸȈȔȈȕțȌȎȈ, ǪȐȠȕțșȊȈȔȐ, ǵȐȔȉȈȘȒȈ, ȀȘȐȌȝȈȘȈ, ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ, ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȈ, ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȐȕȖȌȈ, ǹȐȌȌȝȈȕȚȈ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȔȐ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ țȟȍȕȣȔȐ Ȑ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȔȐ șȍȉȧ ȌțȠȈȔȐ. ǰ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ, Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȔȐȘȣ ȗȖȓȕȣ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊ, ȒȘȈșȖȚȣ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȕȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȓȍȗȕȍȍ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȖȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȖ ȊȍȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȕȈ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȒȈȒ ȐșȒȈȎȍȕȕȣȍ ȚȍȕȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ. ǰȝ ȔȖȎȕȖ șȘȈȊȕȐȚȤ ș ȒȐȕȖ. ǶȕȖ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȍȚ ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ țȔȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȈȌȒȐȝ ȕȈ ȜȈȓȤȠȐȊȣȍ ȊȍȡȐ. ǵȍ ȐȔȍȧ șȊȍȌȍȕȐȑ Ȗ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȚȈȒȐȍ ȋȓțȗȞȣ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ șȈȔȖ șȖȉȖȑ ȘȈȏțȔȍȦȡȐȔșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȘțȒȖȊȖȌȐȔȣȍ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ, ȒȈȒ ǪȑȈșȈ Ȑ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ, ȏȕȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȊȍȟȕȖȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǩȖȋȈ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȑ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȍȍ Ȑ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȊȍȌȈȍȚ Ȗ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ, ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȦȚ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȝ Ȑ ȌȍȔȖȕșȚȘȐȘțȍȚ ȊȍȟȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ș ǵȐȔ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ. ȅȚȐȔ Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȍȚ Ȓ ǹȍȉȍ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȥȚȐȝ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȌțȠ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȣ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȣȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ, Ȉ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȗȖȗȘȖșȚț ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȦȚ ȐșȚȐȕȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǺȈȒȐȝ ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȒȈȘȔȐ Ȑ ȌȎȕȈȕȐ. DzȈȘȔȐ - ȥȚȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȘȈȌȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ, Ȉ ȌȎȕȈȕȐ - Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȕȧȚ șțȝȐȔȐ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȔȐ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ. ǵȖ ȊȣȠȍ ȥȚȐȝ ȌȊțȝ ȒȓȈșșȖȊ șȚȖȧȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ șȈȚȊȈȚȈȔȐ, - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ, ȕȍ șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȔȐ ȕȐ ȉȍȏțȌȍȘȎȕȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȕȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȔȐ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ. ǶȕȐ ș ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ șȓțȎȈȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȗȖȓțȟȈȧ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȍȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ, ȕȍȊȍȌȖȔȖȍ ȕȐ ȒȈȘȔȐ, ȕȐ ȌȎȕȈȕȐ. DzȈȒ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȔȐȘȖȊ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȉȍșȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȚȐȗȖȊ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ, ȒȈȒ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ǸțȌȘȈ, ǴȈȕț, ǷȘȐȚȝț Ȑ ǪȑȈșȈ, ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȔȐ ǭȋȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ, ȒȈȒ ǸȈȔȈ, ǵȈȘȈșȐȔȝȈ, ǪȈȘȈȝȈ Ȑ ǪȈȔȈȕȈ, ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȍȘȊȖȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț Ƕȕ - ȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȈȚȝȈȒȝȑȈȝȐ ȝȈȘȍȘ ȌȝȐȔȈȕȕ ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈ-ȒȈȚȝȈȝ ȠțȉȝȈȝ ȓȐȓȈ ȊȐȌȈȌȝȈȚȈȝ șȊȈȐȘȈȔ ȐȠȊȈȘȈșȑȈȚȔȈ-ȔȈȑȈȑȈ ȈȚȝȈ - ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȈȒȝȑȈȝȐ - ȖȗȐȠȐ; ȝȈȘȍȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȌȝȐȔȈȕ - Ȗ ȔțȌȘȣȑ; ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ; ȒȈȚȝȈȝ - ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ; ȠțȉȝȈȝ - ȕȍșțȡȐȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȓȐȓȈ ȘȈȏȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȧ; ȊȐȌȈȌȝȈȚȈȝ - șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔȣȍ; șȊȈȐȘȈȔ - ȐȋȘȣ; ȐȠȊȈȘȈșȑȈ - ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȧ; ȈȚȔȈ - ȓȐȟȕȣȍ; ȔȈȑȈȑȈ - ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. Ƕ ȔțȌȘȣȑ ǹțȚȈ, ȗȖȊȍȌȈȑ Ȏȍ ȕȈȔ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ 63


64 ȔȕȖȋȖȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȐ ȕȍșțȡȐȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȐȋȘȣ Ȑ ȘȈȏȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȊȍȓȐȚȍȓȧ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚșȧ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ǭȋȖ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȐȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǭȓȧ șȖȏȐȌȈȕȐȧ, ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȔȐȘȖȊ ǹȈȔ ǩȖȋ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ Țȣșȧȟ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ, Ȑ ȘȈȏȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȧ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ Ȑȏ ȥȚȐȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȜȖȘȔ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȋȖ ȕȍșțȚ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȑ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȟȍȊȐȌȞȍȔ ȥȚȐȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ, Ȑ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȠȈȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȕȐȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȊȈȑȈȔ Țț ȕȈ ȊȐȚȘȐȗȑȈȔȈ țȚȚȈȔȈ-ȠȓȖȒȈ-ȊȐȒȘȈȔȍ ȑȈȟ-ȟȝȘȐȕȊȈȚȈȔ ȘȈșȈ-ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ șȊȈȌț șȊȈȌț ȗȈȌȍ ȗȈȌȍ ȊȈȑȈȔ - Ȕȣ; Țț - ȕȖ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȊȐȚȘȐȗȑȈȔȈȝ - țșȚȈȕȍȔ; țȚȚȈȔȈ-ȠȓȖȒȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ șȓȈȊȧȚ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȈȝ; ȊȐȒȘȈȔȍ - ȘȈȏȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȧ; ȑȈȚ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ; ȠȘȐȕȊȈȚȈȔ - ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ șȓțȠȈȧ; ȘȈșȈ - ȊȒțș; ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ - ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȒȖȔȣȍ ș; șȊȈȌț - ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȚșȧ; șȊȈȌț - ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȗȈȌȍ ȗȈȌȍ - ȕȈ ȒȈȎȌȖȔ ȠȈȋț. Ǵȣ ȕȍ țșȚȈȕȍȔ șȓțȠȈȚȤ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȖȋȖ Ȋ ȋȐȔȕȈȝ Ȑ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȈȝ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȓ ȊȒțș Ȓ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔ ș ǵȐȔ, ȍȎȍșȍȒțȕȌȕȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȚșȧ, șȓțȠȈȧ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȐȋȘȈȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴȍȎȌț ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȖȑ - ȝțȌȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȐȓȐ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȖȑ - Ȑ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȈȧ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȈ. ǰȋȘȣ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȝȘȖȕȐȒȈȝ Ȋșȍȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. Ǫ «ǸȈȔȈȑȈȕȍ», «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȍ» Ȑ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ - ȝȘȖȕȐȒȈȝ ȔȐȕțȊȠȐȝ ȊȍȒȖȊ - ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȍȚșȧ Ȗȉ ȐȋȘȈȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȐȕȚȍȘȍș Ȓ ȕȐȔ ȕȍ ȖșȓȈȉȍȊȈȍȚ ȌȈȎȍ ȗȖșȓȍ ȔȕȖȋȖȒȘȈȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȟȚȍȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒ, ȕȈ ȗȘȖȚȧȎȍȕȐȐ Ȋșȍȑ șȊȖȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȔȖȎȕȖ șȕȖȊȈ Ȑ șȕȖȊȈ ȗȍȘȍȟȐȚȣȊȈȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚț» Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȘȈȏ ȖȚȒȘȣȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ȕȐȝ ȟȚȖ-ȚȖ ȕȖȊȖȍ. ǴȐȘșȒȐȍ ȕȖȊȖșȚȐ șȚȈȚȐȟȕȣ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȌȐȕȈȔȐȟȕȣ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ȍțȝ ȌȐȕȈȔȐȟȍȕ, Ȉ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȧ șȚȈȚȐȟȕȈ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȓ ȊȒțș Ȓ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȦ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ, ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ țșȚȈȍȚ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ. ǴȖȎȕȖ ȉȣșȚȘȖ ȗȘȍșȣȚȐȚȤșȧ ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȕȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȊȣȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȗȘȍșȣȡȍȕȐȧ. ǹȓȖȊȖ țȚȚȈȔȈ-ȠȓȖȒȈ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧȔ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȍȔ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖȔ. ǴȐȘșȒȈȧ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȈ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȋțȕȍ ȚȤȔȣ, ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, ȕȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȈ Ȋ ȒȖȘȕȍ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȈ ȖȚ ȕȍȍ. ǶȕȈ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈȌ ȋțȕȖȑ ȚȤȔȣ, Ȑ ȍȍ șȊȍȚ ȘȈȏȋȖȘȈȍȚșȧ Ȋșȍ ȧȘȟȍ ȗȖ ȔȍȘȍ ȟȚȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ ȍȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ. ǷȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȍ șȓȖȊ ȈȝȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈșȔȐ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȔ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȧȔ. ǰȔ ȕȈȌȖȍȌȈȍȚ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, Ȑ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐșȗȣȚȈȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ, ȖȕȐ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧȔ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». Ǵȍȕȍȍ țȌȈȟȓȐȊȣȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ ȈȓȤȚȘțȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȐȓȐ ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȜȐȓȈȕȚȘȖȗȐȐ. ȅȚȖ șȊȐȌȍȚȍȓȤșȚȊțȍȚ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȧ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈ, 64


65 Ȉ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ» Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȒȘȐȚȈȊȈȕ ȒȐȓȈ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ șȈȝȈ ȘȈȔȍȕȈ ȒȍȠȈȊȈȝ ȈȚȐȔȈȘȚȑȈȕȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȋțȌȝȈȝ ȒȈȗȈȚȈ-ȔȈȕțȠȈȝ ȒȘȐȚȈȊȈȕ - șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȣ; ȒȐȓȈ - ȒȈȒȐȍ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ - ȌȍȧȕȐȧ; șȈȝȈ - ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș; ȘȈȔȍȕȈ ǩȈȓȈȘȈȔȖȑ; ȒȍȠȈȊȈȝ - ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ; ȈȚȐȔȈȘȚȑȈȕȐ - șȊȍȘȝȢȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȋțȌȝȈȝ - Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ; ȒȈȗȈȚȈ - ȊȕȍȠȕȍ; ȔȈȕțȠȈȝ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ǩȈȓȈȘȈȔȖȑ ȐȋȘȈȓȐ ȘȖȓȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ, Ȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȔ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓȐ ȔȕȖȋȖ șȊȍȘȝȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȐȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǬȖȒȚȘȐȕȣ ȈȕȚȘȖȗȖȔȖȘȜȐȏȔȈ Ȑ ȏȖȖȔȖȘȜȐȏȔȈ ȕȍȗȘȐȔȍȕȐȔȣ Ȓ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȐȑ Ȑ ȈșȒȍȏ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ǩȖȋȖȔ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȖ Ȋ ȕȈȠȐ ȌȕȐ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ Ȋ ǰȕȌȐȐ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ Ȑ șȊȧȚȣȍ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔȐ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ țȏȕȈȓȐ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ Ȋ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ ǸȈȔȍ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ DzȘȐȠȕȍ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȍ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȕȍȌȖȉȘȖșȖȊȍșȚȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȘȐȌțȔȈȓȐ șȊȖȐ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ șȚȈȓȖ ȖȉȣȟȕȣȔ ȌȍȓȖȔ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ Ȋ ǩȍȕȋȈȓȐȐ. dzȦȉȖȋȖ ȗȖȗțȓȧȘȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȝȖȚȤ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȓȈȌȍȦȡȍȋȖ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ șȐȓȈȔȐ Ȑ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȌȍȔȖȕșȚȘȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ ȜȖȒțș, ȖȉȡȐȔ ȋȖȓȖșȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ ș ȓȍȋȒȖșȚȤȦ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȦȚ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǩȖȋȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ. ǪȖȐșȚȐȕț Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȔȖȔȍȕȚȈ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȤȦ ȒȈȒ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝȘțȒȐȑ ǪȐȠȕț. ǯȈȚȍȔ, ȗȖ ȍȍ ȗȘȖșȤȉȍ, Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȖȉȓȐȒ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȔȓȈȌȍȕȞȈ Ȑ șȘȈȏț ȗȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓ ȍȍ ȘȈȌȐ ȌȘțȋȖȑ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȑ Ȋ ǫȖȒțȓȍ, ȋȌȍ ǭȋȖ șȟȐȚȈȓȐ șȣȕȖȔ ǵȈȕȌȣ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ Ȑ DZȈȠȖȌȣ ǴȈȚȣ. ȀȘȐ ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊț, ȌȊȖȑȕȐȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȚȖȎȍ șȟȐȚȈȓȐ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȔȓȈȌȍȕȞȍȔ, ȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȔșȧ ȖȚ ȌȘțȋȖȑ Ȏȍȕȣ ȀȘȐ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ǭȋȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ, Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȖȔț ȗȖșȟȈșȚȓȐȊȐȚșȧ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ǭȋȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ, ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ ȗȖȓțȟȈȍȚ ȗȘȈȊȖ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺȈȒ ȟȚȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȌȍȊȧȚȐ ȗȍșȕȧȝ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», Ȉ ǬȍșȧȚȈȧ ȗȍșȕȤ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȈ ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ǭȋȖ ȐȋȘȈȔ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȖ ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȍ ȟȚȍȕȐȧ ȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȕțȎȕȖ ȖȚȔȍȚȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȓ ǹȊȖȦ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ș ȔȓȈȌȍȕȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȈ. Ǫșȍ ǭȋȖ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ șȊȍȘȝȢȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ (Ȋ șȍȔȐȓȍȚȕȍȔ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȍ Ƕȕ ȗȖȌȕȧȓ ȝȖȓȔ ǫȖȊȈȘȌȝȈȕț) Ȑ țȉȍȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȌȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ǩȖȋ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. ǰ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȒȘȖȊȈ, șȒȘȣȊȈȊȠȍȋȖ ǭȋȖ, Țȍ, ȒȖȋȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȓȐ ǭȋȖ ȖȚȞȖȔ, ȔȈȚȍȘȤȦ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȈȔȐ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȟȐȚȈȓȐ ǭȋȖ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȖȔ. DzȈȒȐȍ ȉȣ ȟțȌȍșȈ Ƕȕ ȕȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ, ȖȚȍȞ Ȑ ȔȈȚȤ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓȐ ȐȔ șȊȖȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ, ȟȍȘȗȈȧ ȘȈȌȖșȚȤ Ȋ șȊȖȍȑ ȕȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȖȑ ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȤșȒȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ șȣȕț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȊȕȍȠȕȍ Ƕȕ ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȓ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȕȖ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȑ 65


66 dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȒȈȓȐȔ ȈȋȈȚȈȔ ȈȌȎȕȈȑȈ ȒȠȍȚȘȍ `șȔȐȕ ȊȈȐȠȕȈȊȍ ȊȈȑȈȔ ȈșȐȕȈ ȌȐȘȋȝȈ-șȈȚȘȍȕȈ ȒȈȚȝȈȑȈȔ șȈȒȠȈȕȈ ȝȈȘȍȝ ȒȈȓȐȔ - ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ (Ȏȍȓȍȏȕȣȑ ȊȍȒ ȊȘȈȎȌȣ); ȈȋȈȚȈȔ - ȕȈșȚțȗȐȓ; ȈȌȎȕȈȑȈ - ȏȕȈȧ ȥȚȖ; ȒȠȍȚȘȍ - Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȏȍȔȓȐ; ȈșȔȐȕ - Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ; ȊȈȐȠȕȈȊȍ - ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȖȔ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȊȈȑȈȔ - Ȕȣ; ȈșȐȕȈȝ - ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȐȓȐșȤ; ȌȐȘȋȝȈ - ȕȈȌȖȓȋȖ; șȈȚȘȍȕȈ - Ȍȓȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȐȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ; ȒȈȚȝȈȑȈȔ - Ȋ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧȝ Ȗ; șȈȒȠȈȕȈȝ - ș ȐȔȍȦȡȐȔșȧ ț ȕȈș ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ; ȝȈȘȍȝ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǽȖȘȖȠȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȧ, ȟȚȖ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ țȎȍ ȕȈșȚțȗȐȓ, Ȕȣ șȖȉȘȈȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ șȊȧȚȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖȓȋȖ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȧ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȍȒ DzȈȓȐ, ȗȖ șȘȈȊȕȍȕȐȦ ș ǹȈȚȤȧ-ȦȋȖȑ, ȏȖȓȖȚȣȔ ȊȍȒȖȔ, ȐȓȐ ǺȘȍȚȈȐ ǬȊȈȗȈȘȈ-ȦȋȖȑ, șȍȘȍȉȘȧȕȣȔ Ȑ ȔȍȌȕȣȔ ȊȍȒȈȔȐ, șȖȊșȍȔ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȝȖȌȐȚ Ȍȓȧ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. Ǫ ǹȈȚȤȧ-Ȧȋț ȓȦȌȐ ȎȐȓȐ șȚȖ Țȣșȧȟ ȓȍȚ Ȑ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȌȖȓȋȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ȔȍȌȐȚȈȞȐȐ. Ǫ ǺȘȍȚȈ-Ȧȋț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȘȈȊȕȧȓȈșȤ ȌȍșȧȚȐ ȚȣșȧȟȈȔ ȓȍȚ, șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȓȖșȤ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ. Ǫ ǬȊȈȗȈȘȈ-Ȧȋț ȓȦȌȐ ȎȐȓȐ Țȣșȧȟț ȓȍȚ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȓȐ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǵȖ Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȌȓȐȚșȧ șȈȔȖȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȍ șȚȖ ȓȍȚ Ȑ Ȓ ȚȖȔț Ȏȍ șȖȗȘȧȎȍȕȈ șȖ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔȐ ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, Ȍȓȧ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȖȊȈȕ ȔȍȚȖȌ șȓțȠȈȕȐȧ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ, ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȑ Ȗ șȓȈȊȍ Ȑ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȧ Ȑȝ. ǴțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ ȕȈȟȈȓȐ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȘȖȞȍșș Ȋ ȔȍșȚȍ, șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȖȔ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶȕȐ ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȐȓȐșȤ șȓțȠȈȚȤ Ȗȉ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȓȍȚ. ǵȈ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ ȥȚȐȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȘȍȋțȓȧȘȕȖȍ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȌȍȒȓȈȔȐȘȖȊȈȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ Ȓ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. dzȦȉȈȧ ȌȘțȋȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ - ȗțșȚȈȧ ȚȘȈȚȈ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ ȖșȧȏȈȍȔȖȋȖ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȓ șȐșȚȍȔț ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ Ȑ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȖȊȈȓ ȊșȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǰȕȌȐȐ, ȊȏȧȚȤ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȏȈ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȑ Ȋ ȗȍȘȊțȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ». ǿȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȋȖ ȗȘȖșȊȍȚȓȍȕȐȧ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȚȊȍȘȌȖ țșȊȖȐȓ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌȋȐȚȣ», ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐșȚțȗȐȚȤ Ȓ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȦ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȚȊȈȔ ȕȈȝ șȈȕȌȈȘȠȐȚȖ ȌȝȈȚȘȈ ȌțșȚȈȘȈȔ ȕȐșȚȐȚȐȘȠȈȚȈȔ ȒȈȓȐȔ șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȝȈȘȈȔ ȗțȔșȈȔ ȒȈȘȕȈ-ȌȝȈȘȈ ȐȊȈȘȕȈȊȈȔ ȚȊȈȔ - Ȗ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ; ȕȈȝ - ș ȕȈȔȐ; șȈȕȌȈȘȠȐȚȈȝ - ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓșȧ; ȌȝȈȚȘȈ - ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ȗȘȖȊȐȌȍȕȐȧ; ȌțșȚȈȘȈȔ - ȕȍȖȌȖȓȐȔȣȑ; ȕȐșȚȐȚȐȘȠȈȚȈȔ - Ȍȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ 66


67 ȗȍȘȍșȍȟȤ; ȒȈȓȐȔ - ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ; șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȝȈȘȈȔ - ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȋțȉȐȚ ȌȖȉȘȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ; ȗțȔșȈȔ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ; ȒȈȘȕȈ-ȌȝȈȘȈȝ - ȒȖȘȔȟȐȑ; ȐȊȈ - ȒȈȒ; ȈȘȕȈȊȈȔ - ȖȒȍȈȕ. Ƕ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ, Ȕȣ ȌțȔȈȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓȐ Ǻȍȉȧ ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ȗȘȖȊȐȌȍȕȐȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐȏȉȘȈȚȤ Țȍȉȧ ȒȈȗȐȚȈȕȖȔ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȧ, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ ȗȍȘȍșȍȟȤ ȗȖȓȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȕȖșȚȍȑ ȖȒȍȈȕ DzȈȓȐ, ȓȐȠȈȦȡȐȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȍȒ DzȈȓȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖȗȈșȍȕ Ȍȓȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǮȐȏȕȤ ȌȈȕȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȍȓȧ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȕȖ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȖȗȈșȕȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȓȦȌȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȏȈȉȣȓȐ Ȗ ȞȍȓȐ șȊȖȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǷȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ șȖȒȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ, ȓȦȌȐ țȚȘȈȚȧȚ ȗȈȔȧȚȤ, ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ, șȐȓț Ȑ șȊȖȐ ȓțȟȠȐȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ. ǷȍȘȍȟȍȕȤ ȈȕȖȔȈȓȐȑ ȕȈȠȍȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ǬȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒ ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȍȕ Ȍȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. dzȦȌȐ ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȏȈȉȣȓȐ Ȗ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ. ǵȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȧ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȈ ȒȘȈȚȒȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ - ȓȐȠȤ ȔȐȋ ȕȈ ȕȈȠȍȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗțȚȐ Ȓ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ, Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȉȍȏțȔȐȐ ȖȕȐ ȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȑ ȕȈȌȖȉȕȖșȚȐ. ǹȐșȚȍȔȈ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȈ ȕȈ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ, Ȑ ȍșȓȐ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȏȈȌțȔȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈȌ ȥȚȐȔ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȑȔȍȚ ȟȚȖ ȌȍȚȍȑ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȕȖ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȕȈ ȉȖȑȕȦ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȖȋȖ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȖșȊȍȡȍȕȕȣȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ Ȋ ȥȚț ȥȗȖȝț ȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȖșȚȖȘȖȎȕȣȔȐ, Ȑ ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȐ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȗȍȘȍșȍȟȤ ȖȗȈșȕȣȑ ȖȒȍȈȕ DzȈȓȐ, ȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȘȐȔȍȘț ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȀȘȐ ǹțȚț ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȐȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȒȈȗȐȚȈȕȈ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȧ. ȅȚȖȚ ȒȖȘȈȉȓȤ - ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ» Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 ȉȘțȝȐ ȑȖȋȍȠȊȈȘȍ ȒȘȐȠȕȍ ȉȝȈȝȔȈȕȑȍ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȈȘȔȈȕȐ șȊȈȔ ȒȈȠȚȝȈȔ ȈȌȝțȕȖȗȍȚȍ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ ȒȈȔ ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȋȈȚȈȝ ȉȘțȝȐ - șȖȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȚȤ; ȑȖȋȈ-ȐȠȊȈȘȍ - ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȐȓ; ȒȘȐȠȕȍ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȑȍ - ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ - ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ; ȊȈȘȔȈȕȐ - ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒ; șȊȈȔ - ǹȊȖȦ; ȒȈȠȚȝȈȔ - ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ; ȈȌȝțȕȈ - ȕȣȕȍ; țȗȍȚȍ - țȑȌȧ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ - ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ; ȒȈȔ - Ȓ ȒȖȔț; ȠȈȘȈȕȈȔ - ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ; ȋȈȚȈȝ - țȠȓȈ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ, ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȐȓ, țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǹȊȖȦ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ, șȒȈȎȐ ȕȈȔ, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ ȕȈȠȓȐ șȊȖȍ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ șțȡȕȖșȚȐ, ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ șȊȖȌ ȏȈȒȖȕȖȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȌȈȕ ǹȈȔȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ, ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔȐ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȚ ȋȘțȉȖ ȏȓȖțȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȧȚȤ ȐȓȐ ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȋȈȚȤ, ǹȈȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȖșșȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤ Ȑȝ. ǴțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ șȗȘȈȠȐȊȈȦȚ ȏȌȍșȤ Ȗȉ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȝ. ǶȚȊȍȚ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȖȗȘȖș ȉțȌȍȚ ȌȈȕ ȗȖȏȌȕȍȍ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ ȏȊțȒȖȊȖȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȋ ȕȍȔ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ 67


68 ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȊ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȗȍȘȊȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǷȍȘȊȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǪȖȗȘȖșȣ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ».

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Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɜɬɨɪɚɹ. Ȼɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɛɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɫɥɭɠɟɧɢɟ ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȊȑȈșȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȐȚȐ șȈȔȗȘȈȠȕȈ-șȈȔȝȘȐȠȚȖ ȊȐȗȘȈȕȈȔ ȘȈțȔȈȝȈȘȠȈȕȐȝ ȗȘȈȚȐȗțȌȎȑȈ ȊȈȟȈș ȚȍȠȈȔ ȗȘȈȊȈȒȚțȔ țȗȈȟȈȒȘȈȔȍ ȊȑȈșȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ - ǪȑȈșȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȐȚȐ - ȚȈȒ; șȈȔȗȘȈȠȕȈ - șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȔȐ; șȈȔȝȘȐȠȚȈȝ - ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ; ȊȐȗȘȈȕȈȔ - Țȍȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ; ȘȈțȔȈȝȈȘȠȈȕȐȝ - ǻȋȘȈȠȘȈȊȈ, șȣȕ ǸȖȔȈȝȈȘȠȈȕȣ; ȗȘȈȚȐȗțȌȎȑȈ - ȗȖȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȐȊ Ȑȝ; ȊȈȟȈȝ - șȓȖȊȈ; ȚȍȠȈȔ - Ȑȝ; ȗȘȈȊȈȒȚțȔ - ȖȚȊȍȚȐȚȤ ȐȔ; țȗȈȟȈȒȘȈȔȍ - ȗȖȗȣȚȈȓșȧ. ǻȋȘȈȠȘȈȊȈ [ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ], șȣȕ ǸȖȔȈȝȈȘȠȈȕȣ, ȊȗȖȓȕȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȔȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȗȖȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȐȓ Ȑȝ Ȑ ȗȖȗȣȚȈȓșȧ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȚȤ ȕȈ ȕȐȝ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ ȏȈȌȈȓȐ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȠȍșȚȤ ȊȖȗȘȖșȖȊ, Ȑ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ Ȗȕ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȚȊȍȟȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȕȐȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 șțȚȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȑȈȔ ȗȘȈȊȘȈȌȎȈȕȚȈȔ ȈȕțȗȍȚȈȔ ȈȗȍȚȈ-ȒȘȐȚȑȈȔ ȌȊȈȐȗȈȑȈȕȖ ȊȐȘȈȝȈ-ȒȈȚȈȘȈ ȈȌȎțȝȈȊȈ ȗțȚȘȍȚȐ ȚȈȕ-ȔȈȑȈȚȈȑȈ ȚȈȘȈȊȖ 'ȉȝȐȕȍȌțș ȚȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȉȝțȚȈ-ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ ȔțȕȐȔ ȈȕȈȚȖ 'șȔȐ șțȚȈȝ - ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ; țȊȈȟȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȑȈȔ - ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ; ȗȘȈȊȘȈȌȎȈȕȚȈȔ - țȝȖȌȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȚȘȍȟȤșȧ ȖȚ ȔȐȘȈ; ȈȕțȗȍȚȈȔ - ȕȍ ȗȘȖȑȌȧ ȖȟȐȡȍȕȐȧ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȔ ȠȕțȘȖȔ; ȈȗȍȚȈ - ȉȍȏ ȗȘȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ; ȒȘȐȚȑȈȔ - ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȝ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ; ȌȊȈȐȗȈȑȈȕȈȝ - ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ; ȊȐȘȈȝȈ - ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ; ȒȈȚȈȘȈȝ - șȚȘȈȠȈșȤ; ȈȌȎțȝȈȊȈ ȊȖșȒȓȐȒȕțȓ; ȗțȚȘȈ ȐȚȐ - Ȗ șȣȕ ȔȖȑ; ȚȈȚ-ȔȈȑȈȚȈȑȈ - ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȕȣȍ ȚȍȔ Ȏȍ; ȚȈȘȈȊȈȝ Ȋșȍ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧ; ȈȉȝȐȕȍȌțȝ - ȖȚȒȓȐȒȕțȓȐșȤ; ȚȈȔ - ȍȔț; șȈȘȊȈ - Ȋșȍȝ; ȉȝțȚȈ - ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ - șȍȘȌȞȍ; ȔțȕȐȔ - ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȔ; ȈȕȈȚȈȝ ȈșȔȐ - ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ȇ Ȋ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȥȚȐȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȔ [ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ], șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȔ ȗȘȖȕȐȒȕțȚȤ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ, ȕȍ ȗȘȖȑȌȧ ȖȟȐȡȍȕȐȧ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȔ ȠȕțȘȖȔ Ȑ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȣȝ Ȍȓȧ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȒȈșȚ, ȗȖȒȐȌȈȓ șȊȖȑ ȌȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȔȐȘȈ [șȈȕȕȤȧșț], ȍȋȖ ȖȚȍȞ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, șȚȘȈȠȈșȤ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ ș ȕȐȔ, ȊȖșȒȓȐȒȕțȓ: «Ƕ șȣȕ ȔȖȑ!» ǵȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȧ, ȗȍȘȍȎȐȊȈȊȠȐȍ Țț Ȏȍ ȉȖȓȤ ȘȈȏȓțȒȐ, ȥȝȖȔ ȖȚȒȓȐȒȕțȓȐșȤ ȕȈ ȊȖȏȋȓȈș țȉȐȚȖȋȖ ȋȖȘȍȔ ȖȚȞȈ.

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70 DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȐșȚȍȔȈ ȊȈȘȕ Ȑ ȈȠȘȈȔȖȊ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚ ȍȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ, țȗȖȘȧȌȖȟȐȊȈȦȡȐȝ ȎȐȏȕȤ. Ǫ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȥȚȐȔȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȑ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ǪȍȌȣ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ ș ȗȘȖșȤȉȖȑ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȍȋȖ Ȋ țȟȍȕȐȒȐ. ǹȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȑ ȠȕțȘ - ȖȚȓȐȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȏȕȈȒ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ǪȍȌȣ ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȈȟȈȘȤȐ - ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȉȣȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, ȘȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, Ȉ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȧȔ Ȗȕ ȗȖȓțȟȈȍȚ ȊȚȖȘȖȍ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ. ǻȊȐȌȍȊ Ȋșȍ Ȋ ȕȖȊȖȔ șȊȍȚȍ, Ȗȕ Ȋ ȗȖȐșȒȈȝ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȈ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȚȖȚ ȗȖȔȖȋ ȍȔț ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ǪȍȌȣ. ǬțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ Ȋ țȟȍȕȐȒȐ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍ ȐȡțȡȍȋȖ Ȑ ȌȈȍȚ ȍȔț șȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȑ ȠȕțȘ. ǺȈȒ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ, ȐȓȐ ȌȊȐȌȎȍȑ. ǶȉȘȍȚȧ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȌȊȐȌȎȐ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ǪȍȌȣ, Ȉ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ șȊȍȌțȡȐȔ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ, ȍȋȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȊȐȗȘȖȑ. ǺȈȒ ȊȐȗȘȈ, ȐȓȐ ȖȗȣȚȕȣȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚ Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊțȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȗȖȒȈ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋȕȍȚ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ. ǻȘȖȊȕȧ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ ȚȖȋȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚ șȊȖȍ ȖȉțȟȍȕȐȍ ȒȈȒ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ǹȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊțȧșȤ, ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȖȉȧȏȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȚȈȚȤ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ, ȐȉȖ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊ ȥȚȖ țȟȍȕȣȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȑ țȘȖȊȕȧ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ș șȈȔȖȋȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȉȣȓ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȍȔț ȕȍ ȕțȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȟȍȘȍȏ Ȋșȍ șȚțȗȍȕȐ șȐșȚȍȔȣ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȞȍȓȤ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȍȖȚȍșȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȚȤ Ȋ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȚȈȓ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ Ȑ ȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȓ țȚȚȈȔȈ-ȈȌȝȐȒȈȘȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊ ȗȍȘȊȖȋȖ ȒȓȈșșȈ, țȎȍ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȗȘȖȠȓȣȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ. ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗț, ȗȘȐȏȕȈȊ ȀȘȐȓț ǽȈȘȐȌȈșȈ ǺȝȈȒțȘȈ ȈȟȈȘȤȍȑ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ, ȝȖȚȧ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ǽȈȘȐȌȈș ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȔțșțȓȤȔȈȕșȒȖȑ șȍȔȤȍ. ǰȚȈȒ, ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț țȎȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ǭȔț ȕȍ ȕțȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ. ǴȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȕȐȏȒȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ - ȉțȌȤ ȚȖ ȒȐȘȈȚȈ, ȝțȕȈ, ȈȕȌȝȘȈ, ȗțȓȐȕȌȈ, ȗțȓȒȈȠȈ, ȈȉȝȐȘȈ, ȠțȔȉȝȈ, ȑȈȊȈȕȈ, ȒȝȈșȈ ȐȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȕȐȏȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȍȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȀȘȐ ǹțȚȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȟȍȔ ȗȘȐșȚțȗȐȚȤ Ȓ ȖȚȊȍȚȈȔ ȕȈ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ, ȀȘȐ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȊȣȘȈȎȈȍȚ ȍȔț șȊȖȍ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȑȈȝ șȊȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȈȒȝȐȓȈ-ȠȘțȚȐ-șȈȘȈȔ ȥȒȈȔ ȈȌȝȑȈȚȔȈ-ȌȐȗȈȔ ȈȚȐȚȐȘȠȈȚȈȔ ȚȈȔȖ 'ȕȌȝȈȔ șȈȔșȈȘȐȕȈȔ ȒȈȘțȕȈȑȈȝȈ ȗțȘȈȕȈ-ȋțȝȑȈȔ ȚȈȔ ȊȑȈșȈ-șțȕțȔ țȗȈȑȈȔȐ ȋțȘțȔ ȔțȕȐȕȈȔ ȑȈȝ - ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ; șȊȈ-ȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȔ - țșȊȖȐȓ ȕȈ șȊȖȍȔ ȖȗȣȚȍ; ȈȒȝȐȓȈ - Ȋșȍȝ; ȠȘțȚȐ - ǪȍȌ; șȈȘȈȔ - șȓȐȊȒȐ; ȥȒȈȔ - ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ; ȈȌȝȑȈȚȔȈ - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ; ȌȐȗȈȔ ȜȈȒȍȓ; ȈȚȐȚȐȚȐȘȠȈȚȈȔ - ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȝ ȗȘȍȖȌȖȓȍȚȤ; ȚȈȔȈȝ ȈȕȌȝȈȔ - ȋȓțȉȖȒȐȑ ȔȘȈȒ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ; șȈȔșȈȘȐȕȈȔ - ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȒȈȘțȕȈȑȈ 70


71 Ȑȏ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ; ȈȝȈ - ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ; ȗțȘȈȕȈ - ȌȖȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ǪȍȌȈȔ; ȋțȝȑȈȔ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȍ; ȚȈȔ - ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ; ȊȑȈșȈ-șțȕțȔ - șȣȕȖȔ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ; țȗȈȑȈȔȐ ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ; ȋțȘțȔ - ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ; ȔțȕȐȕȈȔ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ. Ǫ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ ȧ șȒȓȖȕȧȦșȤ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ [ȀțȒȖȑ] - ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ Ȋșȍȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, șȣȕȖȔ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ. ǰȏ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȓ ȊțȓȤȋȈȘȕȣȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȈȔ, ȗȣȚȈȦȡȐȔșȧ ȊȣȉȘȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȚȍȔȕȍȑȠȐȝ ȖȉȓȈșȚȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ȥȚȖ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȍȑȠȍȍ ȌȖȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ Ȓ șȓȐȊȒȈȔ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, țșȊȖȐȊ ȍȋȖ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȗȣȚȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȍ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȜȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȗȖȌȊȖȌȐȚ ȐȚȖȋ ȊȊȍȌȍȕȐȦ Ȓ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ, ȌȖȗȖȓȕȧȦȡȐȑ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȣ». ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈșțȚȘȣ», ȐȓȐ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șțȚȘȣ», Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȚȤ «șȓȐȊȒȐ» ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, Ȉ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ Ȓ ȕȐȔ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȉȣȓ ȏȕȈȚȖȒȖȔ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȣ», Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȗȖșȚȐȋȠȐȔ ȍȍ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȗȖșȚȐȋ Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ Ȓ ȕȍȑ. ǰ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȍȘȊȣȔ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ȥȚȖ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȧȊȐȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕțȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ șȉȐȚȣȔ ș ȚȖȓȒț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȈȔ, ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȔ ȗȘȍȖȌȖȓȍȚȤ ȕȍȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ. ǩȍșșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȖ ȌȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊ. ǵȐ ȖȌȕȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ - ȉțȌȤ ȚȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȐȓȐ ȒȘȖȠȍȟȕȣȑ ȔțȘȈȊȍȑ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȖ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ ȘȈșșȟȐȚȣȊȈȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ șȟȈșȚȤȧ, ȕȖ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ ȘțȠȈȚ Ȋșȍ ȕȈȠȐ ȗȓȈȕȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȚȍȔȕȍȑȠȍȑ ȖȉȓȈșȚȤȦ Ȋ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǰ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȕȣȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȣ ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȣȉȘȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȕȍȍ, șȚȖȐȚ ȐȔ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȚȤ. ǵȖ, Ȓ șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȦ, ȖȕȐ ȚȈȒ ȋȓțȗȣ, ȟȚȖ ț ȕȐȝ ȕȍ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȋȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȑȝ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȦȚ ș ȊȍȘȉȓȦȌȖȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ș ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ ȎțȍȚ ȒȖȓȦȟȐȍ ȊȍȚȒȐ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȍȔț ȕȘȈȊȐȚșȧ ȊȒțș ȒȖȓȦȟȍȒ, șȔȍȠȈȕȕȣȝ ș ȒȘȖȊȤȦ. Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȍȋȖ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȒȘȖȊȤ, Ȑ ȒȖȓȦȟȒȐ ȘȈȕȧȚ ȍȋȖ ȧȏȣȒ. ǺȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚț șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȒȘȖȊȤ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ șȓȈȌȒȖȑ ȒȈȒ ȔȍȌ. ǰ ȝȖȚȧ Ȋșȍ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ șȖȏȌȈȍȚ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȍȔț ȖȌȕȐ ȕȍȗȘȐȧȚȕȖșȚȐ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ ȗȖȒȖȕȟȐȚȤ ș ȥȚȐȔ. ǺȈȒȐȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȖȊ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȒȈȘȔȐ. ǰȏ șȖȚȍȕ Țȣșȧȟ ȒȈȘȔȐ ȓȐȠȤ ȍȌȐȕȐȞȣ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȍșȣȚȐȚȤșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȚȤ ȊȣȉȘȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȓȈȉȐȘȐȕȚȈ. ǺȈȒȐȝ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȌȎȕȈȕȐ, Ȑ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȈ» ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȈ Ȍȓȧ ȕȐȝ. ǵȖ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȉȣȓ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȊȐȌȍȓ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȌȖȉȘȖșȖȊȍșȚȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȉțȌțȚ ȕȍȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘț», ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ șȈȔ șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȌȖȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ȕȍȑ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȣ». ǯȌȍșȤ ȧșȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȍȘȊȖȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȍȔ Ȓ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șțȚȘȈȔ». ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȘȍȗȖȌȈȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» șȊȖȍȔț șȣȕț, ȀȘȐȓȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ țȎȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȍ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ȊȕȈȟȈȓȍ ȗȖșȚȐȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» șȈȔ, Ȉ ȏȈȚȍȔ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ȍȋȖ. ǴȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ȀȘȐȓȣ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȈ» ȌȖșȚțȗȕȈ ȊșȍȔ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȐȔ ȌțȠȈȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ ȕȍȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȌȍȕȕȣȑ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ Ȓ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȍ». ȀȘȐȗȈȌȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȈ țȔȣȠȓȍȕȕȖ ȕȍ ȒȈșȈȓșȧ ȍȋȖ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȍȔț ȉțȌȍȚ 71


72 ȚȘțȌȕȖ șȖȗȍȘȕȐȟȈȚȤ ș ȥȚȐȔ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȍȔ. Ƕȕ ȕȈȗȐșȈȓ șȊȖȦ «ȀȈȘȐȘȈȒȈ-ȉȝȈȠȑț», Ȉ ȍȋȖ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȓȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȒȈȒ ȧȒȖȉȣ «ȕȖȊȖȍ» șȖȟȐȕȍȕȐȍ. ǺȈȒȈȧ ȗȘȖȗȈȋȈȕȌȈ ȠȒȖȓȣ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȗȘȖȚȐȊ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ șȉȐȊȈȚȤ ȕȈș ș ȚȖȓȒț. ǵȈȟȐȕȈȦȡȐȑ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȑ ȊȊȖȌȕȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȐ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔș ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȝ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȏȓȖȉȖȑ. ǴȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ ȏȈȊȐȌțȦȚ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȝȖȚȧ ȀȘȐȗȈȌȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȊȣȠȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȍȌȖșȚțȗȍȕ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȦ ȏȈȊȐșȚȓȐȊȣȝ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȐ, ȕȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȕȈȑȚȐ Ȋ ȕȍȔ șȊȖȍ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ, ȐȉȖ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕ ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ. ȅȚȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ ȜȈȒȍȓ, ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȔȖȎȕȖ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț, ȗȖȏȕȈȊȈȍȔțȦ ȒȈȒ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ Ȑ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȔ ȕȈȔȈșȒȘȐȚȑȈ ȕȈȘȈȔ ȟȈȐȊȈ ȕȈȘȖȚȚȈȔȈȔ ȌȍȊȐȔ șȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐȔ ȊȑȈșȈȔ ȚȈȚȖ ȌȎȈȑȈȔ țȌȐȘȈȑȍȚ ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȔ - ȗȍȘȍȌ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ; ȕȈȔȈȝ-ȒȘȐȚȑȈ - șȒȓȖȕȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȔ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȐ; ȕȈȘȈȔ ȟȈ ȥȊȈ - Ȑ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȖȑ ǸȐȠȐ; ȕȈȘȈ-țȚȚȈȔȈȔ - ȓțȟȠȐȔ Ȑȏ ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȌȍȊȐȔ - ȉȖȋȐȕȍȑ; șȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐȔ - ȋȖșȗȖȎȖȑ țȟȍȕȖșȚȐ; ȊȑȈșȈȔ - ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ; ȚȈȚȈȝ ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȌȎȈȑȈȔ - Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȉȍȌȣ; țȌȐȘȈȑȍȚ - ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȍȚșȧ. ǷȍȘȍȌ ȟȚȍȕȐȍȔ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȗțȚȍȔ Ȓ ȗȖȉȍȌȍ, șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȍ, ǵȈȘȈ-ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȍ ǸȐȠȐ - ȓțȟȠȍȔț Ȑȏ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ ȉȖȋȐȕȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ȀȘȐȓȍ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ - ȈȊȚȖȘț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫșȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ǷțȘȈȕȣ ȗȘȐȏȊȈȕȣ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ șȈȔȖȑ ȚȍȔȕȖȑ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ. ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖ ș ȕȍȏȈȗȈȔȧȚȕȣȝ ȊȘȍȔȍȕ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ țȊȓȍȟȍȕȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȖȕȖ ȏȈȉȣȓȖ șȊȖȐ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ș ǩȖȋȖȔ. ǭȋȖ ȉȖȘȤȉȍ ȏȈ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȍȚ ȒȖȕȞȈ, Ȑ ȒȈȒȐȍ ȉȣ ȗȓȈȕȣ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȐ șȚȘȖȐȓȖ, ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȔȖȎȍȚ ȍȔț ȗȘȍȒȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȍȍ. ǵȖ ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȗȖȉȍȌȐȚȤ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȕȍȗȘȍȒȘȈȡȈȦȡȍȑșȧ ȉȖȘȤȉȍ ȏȈ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ, Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȊȖșșȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤ șȊȖȐ Ȋȍȟȕȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ș ǩȖȋȖȔ. ǰ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȥȚȐȔ ȞȍȓȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȘȐȉȍȋȕțȚȤ Ȓ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔ, ȒȈȒ ǪȍȌȣ Ȑ ǷțȘȈȕȣ. ǫȓțȗȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ, ȟȚȖ ǷțȘȈȕȣ ȕȐȒȈȒ ȕȍ șȊȧȏȈȕȣ ș ǪȍȌȈȔȐ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ǷțȘȈȕȣ - ȥȚȖ ȗȖȧșȕȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ǪȍȌȈȔ, ȌȖȗȖȓȕȧȦȡȐȍ Ȑȝ Ȑ ȈȌȘȍșȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȘȈȏȕȣȔ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȧȔ ȓȦȌȍȑ. dzȦȌȐ ȕȍȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȣ: ȖȌȕȐȔȐ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȋțȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ, ȕȈ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȊȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȋțȕȈ șȚȘȈșȚȐ, ȕȈ ȚȘȍȚȤȐȝ - ȋțȕȈ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. ǷțȘȈȕȣ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȍȕȣ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȑ ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȐȔȐ Ȑ, ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȊȖșșȚȈȕȈȊȓȐȊȈȧ șȊȖȍ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȗȖȒȖȕȟȐȚȤ ș ȥȚȖȑ ȚȧȎȒȖȑ ȉȖȘȤȉȖȑ ȏȈ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȟȐȚȈȚȤ ǷțȘȈȕȣ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ șȚȈȚȤ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȒȖȔ 72


73 ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ǷțȘȈȕ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȔȍȘț. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȈȧ ǷțȘȈȕȈ, Ȑ ȖȕȈ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȈ Ȍȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȘȈȏ Ȑ ȕȈȊșȍȋȌȈ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ șȍȚȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ șȈȌȝț ȗȘȐȠȚȖ 'ȝȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȌȉȝȐȘ ȓȖȒȈ-ȔȈȕȋȈȓȈȔ ȑȈȚ ȒȘȐȚȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-șȈȔȗȘȈȠȕȖ ȑȍȕȈȚȔȈ șțȗȘȈșȐȌȈȚȐ ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ - Ȗ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; șȈȌȝț - ȥȚȖ țȔȍșȚȕȖ; ȗȘȐȠȚȈȝ - șȗȘȖȠȍȕȕȖȍ; ȈȝȈȔ - ȧ; ȉȝȈȊȈȌȉȝȐȝ - ȊșȍȔȐ ȊȈȔȐ; ȓȖȒȈ - ȔȐȘȈ; ȔȈȕȋȈȓȈȔ - ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȑȈȚ - ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț; ȒȘȐȚȈȝ ȏȈȌȈȓȐ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; șȈȔȗȘȈȠȕȈȝ - șțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ; ȑȍȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ; ȈȚȔȈ - ȌțȠȈ; șțȗȘȈșȐȌȈȚȐ - ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȍȚșȧ. Ƕ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, Ȋȣ ȏȈȌȈȓȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ. ǶȕȐ Ȟȍȕȕȣ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț DzȘȐȠȕȍ Ȑ, șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȒȈșȈȦȚșȧ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȧ ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȌțȠȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȒ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȓȖșȤ ȊȣȠȍ, ȞȍȓȤȦ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ ȏȈȌȈȓȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȣȍ Ȑ țȔȍșȚȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ, ȐȉȖ ȖȕȐ ȒȈșȈȦȚșȧ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (15.15) ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ǪȍȌ - ȗȖȉțȌȐȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȐșȒȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ, ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȍșȧ Ȓ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ șțȚȤ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȐșȒȈȕȐȑ. ǪȍșȤ ȔȐȘ ȗȖȓȖȕ ȊȖȗȘȖșȖȊ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȚȖȊ. ǷȚȐȞȣ, ȏȊȍȘȐ, ȓȦȌȐ - Ȋșȍ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ șȗȘȈȠȐȊȈȦȚ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȟȈȦȚ. ǬȍȕȤ ț ȗȚȐȞ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ș ȊȖȗȘȖșȖȊ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȚȖȊ, Ȑ ȊȍȟȍȘȖȔ Țȍ Ȏȍ ȗȚȐȞȣ, ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȧșȤ Ȋ ȋȕȍȏȌȈ, ȖȗȧȚȤ ȗȘȐșȚțȗȈȦȚ Ȓ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȔ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȚȈȔ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȗȐȚ, ȚȖȎȍ ȏȈȕȧȚ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ șȗȘȈȠȐȊȈȍȚ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȟȈȍȚ. ǬȍȓȤȞȣ ȕȈ ȘȣȕȒȍ, ȈȌȊȖȒȈȚȣ Ȋ șțȌȍ Ȑ țȟȈȡȐȍșȧ Ȋ ȠȒȖȓȈȝ Ȑ ȒȖȓȓȍȌȎȈȝ - Ȋșȍ șȗȘȈȠȐȊȈȦȚ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȟȈȦȚ. ǯȈȒȖȕȖȌȈȚȍȓȐ Ȋ ȗȈȘȓȈȔȍȕȚȍ, ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȐ Ȑ ȘȍȗȖȘȚȍȘȣ - ȏȈȌȈȦȚ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ Ȑ ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȚ ȖȚȊȍȚȣ. ǰ ȝȖȚȧ Ȋșȧ Ȑȝ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȝ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȚȈȝ, ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȐȔ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. ǬțȠȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȝ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȚȈȝ, ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȝșȧ Ȓ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȕȈȠ șȈȔȣȑ ȉȓȐȏȒȐȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ, ȌȘțȋ, ȖȚȍȞ, șȣȕ Ȑ ȊȖȏȓȦȉȓȍȕȕȣȑ șțȗȘțȋ. ǯȈȉȣȊ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, Ȕȣ șȖȏȌȈȓȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȖȉȢȍȒȚȖȊ Ȍȓȧ ȊȖȗȘȖșȖȊ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȚȖȊ, ȕȖ ȕȐ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȕȈȔ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ. Ǫșȍ, ȒȘȖȔȍ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȕȈȔ ȓȐȠȤ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȍșȓȐ Ȕȣ ȝȖȚȐȔ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ, ȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȔ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȚȈȔ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. Ǵȣ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȔ ȗȘȖȎȐȚȤ Ȑ șȍȒțȕȌȣ ȉȍȏ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȍ ȏȈȌȈȚȤ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈ ȐȓȐ ȕȍ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȖȚȊȍȚȣ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȐȔȍȍȚ ȌȍȓȖ ș ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȔȐ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȚȈȔȐ, ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȔȐșȧ Ȓ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȚȍȕȐȍ Ȑ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȕȈȔ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȐȏțȟȐȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ ȗȘȐȑȚȐ Ȓ ȊșȍșȚȖȘȖȕȕȍȔț ȘȍȠȍȕȐȦ Ȋșȍȝ șȖȞȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ, ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ Ȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȉȓȍȔ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ73


74 ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ DzȘȐȠȕȈ - șȖȊȖȒțȗȕȖșȚȤ ȊșȍȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 șȈ ȊȈȐ ȗțȔșȈȔ ȗȈȘȖ ȌȝȈȘȔȖ ȑȈȚȖ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȘ ȈȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȍ ȈȝȈȐȚțȒȑ ȈȗȘȈȚȐȝȈȚȈ ȑȈȑȈȚȔȈ șțȗȘȈșȐȌȈȚȐ șȈȝ - ȚȖ; ȊȈȐ - ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ; ȗțȔșȈȔ - Ȍȓȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ; ȗȈȘȈȝ - ȊȣșȠȍȍ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ; ȑȈȚȈȝ - ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȉȝȈȒȚȐȝ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ; ȈȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȍ - ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț; ȈȝȈȐȚțȒȐ - ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȍ; ȈȗȘȈȚȐȝȈȚȈ ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȖȍ; ȑȈȑȈ - ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ; ȈȚȔȈ - ȌțȠȈ; șțȗȘȈșȐȌȈȚȐ - ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ. ǪȣșȠȐȔ ȏȈȕȧȚȍȔ [ȌȝȈȘȔȖȑ] Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ, ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȐȑȚȐ Ȓ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȌțȠț, ȚȈȒȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȉȍșȒȖȘȣșȚȕȣȔ Ȑ ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȣȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȐ ȀȘȐ ǹțȚȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȌȈȕ ȖȚȊȍȚ ȕȈ ȗȍȘȊȣȑ ȊȖȗȘȖș ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ ǵȈȐȔȐȠȈȘȈȕȑȐ. ǴțȌȘȍȞȣ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȖȉȖȉȡȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȊȣȌȍȓȐȚȤ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȕȐ șȚȈȓȐ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȣ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȦ ȗȈȌȠȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ. ǪȍȌȣ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȌȊȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǶȌȕȈ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȐ-ȔȈȘȋȖȑ, ȗțȚȍȔ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ, Ȉ ȌȘțȋȈȧ - ȕȐȊȘȐȚȚȐ-ȔȈȘȋȖȑ, ȗțȚȍȔ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȧ. ǷțȚȤ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ - ȕȐȏȠȐȑ, Ȉ ȗțȚȤ șȈȔȖȗȖȎȍȘȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȘȈȌȐ ȊȣșȖȒȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ - ȊȣșȠȐȑ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ - ȥȚȖ ȕȍȏȌȖȘȖȊȖȍ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǭȋȖ ȐșȚȐȕȕȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ - ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȉȣȚȐȍ, ȐȓȐ ȉȣȚȐȍ ȕȈ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȈ, ȋȌȍ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȊȍȟȕȈ, ȉȓȈȎȍȕȕȈ Ȑ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȈ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ, ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖ Ȑ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȖ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ. Ǫ ȕȍȔ ȊȖȖȉȡȍ ȕȍȚ șȟȈșȚȤȧ, Ȉ ȍșȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȡȍȚȕȣȍ ȗȖȗȣȚȒȐ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, Ȑ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȡȍȕȐȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ ȖȠȐȉȖȟȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȏȈ șȟȈșȚȤȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗțȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ - ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȝ, ȎȈȓȒȐȝ Ȑ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȣȝ - ȕȐȏȠȐȑ. ǵȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȊȍȌțȡȍȍ Ȓ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȍ Ȑ ȊșȍȊȍȌȍȕȐȐ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȜȖȘȔȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ, ȍșȓȐ Ȓ ȕȍȔț ȗȘȐȔȍȠȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ȕȐȏȠȐȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȖȕȖ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȧȍȚșȧ. ǵȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȘȈȌȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ, ȥȚȖ, ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, șȖȏȌȈȍȚ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȧ ȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȗțȚȐ Ȓ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȦ. ǶȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍ, ȐȓȐ șȈȔȖȗȖȎȍȘȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȉȓȈȋȈ, ȉȍșșȗȖȘȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȍȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ Ȋ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ. ǺȈȒȖȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ țșțȋțȉȓȧȍȚ Ȑ ȏȈȚȧȋȐȊȈȍȚ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȤ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȟȐșȚȣȔ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȔ ȖȚ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȊȣșȠȍȔț ȏȈȕȧȚȐȦ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȓȐȠȍȕȕȖȔț ȔȈȓȍȑȠȍȑ ȗȘȐȔȍșȐ ȕȍȕțȎȕȣȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȐȓȐ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȝ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȝ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȑ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȈȒ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȊȍȟȕȖȍ țȚȍȠȍȕȐȍ. Ǵȣ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȕȖ ȗȍȘȍȊȍȓȐ șȓȖȊȖ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ ȒȈȒ «ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ», ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȒȖȘȕȍȊȖȍ 74


75 ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ șȓȖȊȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ - «ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚ ȟȤȍ-ȓȐȉȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ». Ǭȓȧ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȚȤ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ - ȏȕȈȟȐȚ șȖȋȓȈșȖȊȣȊȈȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ș ȊȍȟȕȣȔȐ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ. DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȥȚȖ ȞȍȕȚȘ, ȊȖȒȘțȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȊȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ Ȋșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. Ƕȕ ȊșȍȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȡȍȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȐȓȐ ȊȍȟȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ, șȘȍȌȐ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȐȓȐ Ȋȍȟȕȣȝ ȜȖȘȔ. Ǫ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ Ȋșȍ ȉȍȏ ȐșȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȧ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȖȑ, Ȑ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȕȐȝ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȍȟȕȣȔ ȞȍȕȚȘȖȔ ȗȘȐȚȧȎȍȕȐȧ. DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȥȚȖ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȞȍȓȖȍ, Ȉ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ - ǭȋȖ ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐȞȣ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȍ ș ǵȐȔ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ șȓțȋȐ Ȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕȈ. ȅȚȐ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ ȖȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ ȕȈȔ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȖȗȣȚȈ. ȅȚȐ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ șȓțȋȐ Ȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕȈ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȜȖȘȔȖȑ ȉȓȐȏȖșȚȐ. ȅȚȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȗȖ ȔȍȘȍ ȗȘȖȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ. ǬȈȎȍ Ȋ ȕȈȠȍȔ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȔ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǹȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ ȥȚȖ ȖȚȒȘȖȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȗțȚȤ Ȓ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈȝ ȗȘȈȑȖȌȎȐȚȈȝ ȌȎȈȕȈȑȈȚȑ ȈȠț ȊȈȐȘȈȋȑȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ ȑȈȌ ȈȝȈȐȚțȒȈȔ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ - DzȘȐȠȕȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈȝ - șȊȧȏȤ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ; ȗȘȈȑȖȌȎȐȚȈȝ - țșȚȈȕȈȊȓȐȊȈȧ; ȌȎȈȕȈȑȈȚȐ - ȗȖȘȖȎȌȈȍȚ; ȈȠț - ȖȟȍȕȤ șȒȖȘȖ; ȊȈȐȘȈȋȑȈȔ - ȕȍȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ - ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȑȈȚ - ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ; ȈȝȈȐȚțȒȈȔ - ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖ. ǩȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȔȐȘț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ șȟȐȚȈȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ ȟȍȔ-ȚȖ ȊȘȖȌȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȍȕȚȐȔȍȕȚȈȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȖȏȘȈȏȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȦȚ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, ȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȈșȒȍȚȐȏȔ, ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȐȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȐȓ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȈȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȣȍ ȔȍȚȖȌȣ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǷȖ Ȑȝ ȔȕȍȕȐȦ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȖ Ȍȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ Ȓ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǶȉȣȟȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ, ȟȚȖ ȒțȓȤȚ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕ Ȍȓȧ ȠțȌȘ, ȊȈȑȠȤȍȊ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȣȔ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚȖȔ. ǵȖ Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȚȈȒ. DzțȓȤȚ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ - ȊȍȘȠȐȕȈ Ȋșȍȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ Ȑ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕ, Ȑ ȗȘȖșȚ. Ƕȕ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕ Ȍȓȧ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ Ȓ țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȐȦ ȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, Ȑ ȓȍȋȖȒ Ȍȓȧ ȕȖȊȐȟȒȖȊ, șȚȖȧȡȐȝ ȓȐȠȤ ȕȈ ȗȖȘȖȋȍ ȌȖȔȈ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ. ǻșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ - ȥȚȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȈȧ ȕȈțȒȈ, Ȑ ȖȕȈ ȖȚȒȘȣȚȈ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ȠțȌȘ, ȊȈȑȠȤȍȊ, ȎȍȕȡȐȕ Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ șȚȖȐȚ ȕȐȎȍ ȕȐȏȒȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ ȠțȌȘ, ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ țȎȍ Ȗ ȓȦȌȧȝ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȑ, Ȓ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ ȒȊȈȓȐȜȐȞȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȞȈȘȐ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȍ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. Ǫșȍ 75


76 ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȗȖȘȧȌȒȈ - ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, ȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȈșȒȍȚȐȏȔ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. - ȗȘȧȔȖȍ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ Ȑ ȕȈțȟȕȖȋȖ ȒțȓȤȚȈ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ. ǷȘȐȕȞȐȗȣ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȕȍȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ - ȌȊȈ șțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȜȈȒȚȖȘȈ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǷțȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȔț ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ, Ȉ ȖȉȘȍȚȧ ȚȈȒȖȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȊȖȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǪȖȗȘȍȒȐ ȔȕȍȕȐȦ ȕȍșȊȍȌțȡȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȕȍȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȊȖȊșȍ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȘȈȏțȔȍȊȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȗȈșșȐȊȕȖșȚȐ. ǵȈȐȠȒȈȘȔȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȖȚȒȈȏ ȖȚ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȘȐȊȖȌȧȡȍȑ Ȓ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȔ ȐȓȐ ȗȓȖȝȐȔ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧȔ. ǶȚȘȐȞȈȕȐȍ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚ ȖȚȘȐȞȈȕȐȧ ȗȖȏȐȚȐȊȕȖȋȖ. ǶȚȒȈȏ ȖȚ ȗțșȚȧȒȖȊ ȕȍ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȖȚȒȈȏȈ ȖȚ șțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ. ǨȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȗȖȌ ȕȍȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȜȖȘȔȈȔ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȘȈȏțȔȍȊȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚȘȐȞȈȕȐȍ ȗȖȏȐȚȐȊȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ. DzțȓȤȚ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȗȖȏȐȚȐȊȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȗȖȏȐȚȐȊȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȗȖșȚȐȋȕțȚȈ, ȕȍȋȈȚȐȊȕȣȍ ȐșȟȍȏȈȦȚ șȈȔȐ șȖȉȖȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ș ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȍȔ ȒțȓȤȚȈ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ, ȕȍșȧ ȗȖȏȐȚȐȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȖȏȐȚȐȊȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ țȚȘȈȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȕȐȏȠȍȔț Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȊȣșȠȍȔț. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȒțȓȤȚ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ - ȕȈȐȊȣșȠȍȍ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, Ȗȕ țȊȖȌȐȚ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ȅȚȖ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȋȓțȗȍȞ Ȑ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȌȍȓȈ ș ȕȐȏȠȐȔȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ, Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȊȍȡȐ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ȅȚȖȋȖ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȉȍșȗȓȖȌȕȣȔȐ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ. ǵȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ǪșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǰȚȈȒ, ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȊșȍȔȐ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ: ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ, ȕȍȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ., - ȕȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ ȐȓȐ ȕȍȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȍȡȍ ȕȍȖȉȧȏȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȊȍȌțȡ Ȋ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȝ ȒțȓȤȚȈ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ. ǩȝȈȒȚȐ - ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ șȊȈȕțȠȚȝȐȚȈȝ ȗțȔșȈȔ ȊȐȠȊȈȒșȍȕȈ-ȒȈȚȝȈșț ȑȈȝ ȕȖȚȗȈȌȈȑȍȌ ȑȈȌȐ ȘȈȚȐȔ ȠȘȈȔȈ ȥȊȈ ȝȐ ȒȍȊȈȓȈȔ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ - ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ; șȊȈȕțȠȚȝȐȚȈȝ - șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȍȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȦ; ȗțȔșȈȔ - ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȊȐȠȊȈȒșȍȕȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ (ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ); ȒȈȚȝȈșț - Ȓ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȦ; ȑȈȝ - ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; țȚȗȈȌȈȑȍȚ - ȗȖȘȖȎȌȈȍȚ; ȑȈȌȐ - ȍșȓȐ; ȘȈȚȐȔ - ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȍ; ȠȘȈȔȈȝ ȉȍșȗȖȓȍȏȕȣȑ ȚȘțȌ; ȥȊȈ - ȓȐȠȤ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȒȍȊȈȓȈȔ - ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ. Ǫșȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔȈȧ ȐȔ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȍȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍȔ, - ȉȍșȗȖȓȍȏȕȣȑ ȚȘțȌ, ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȉțȎȌȈȍȚ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȈ Ȓ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȗ ȎȐȏȕȐ. Ǭȓȧ ȗȘȐȔȐȚȐȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȈ, ȕȍ ȊȐȌȧȡȍȋȖ ȌȈȓȤȠȍ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ, ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ, ȊȣȝȖȌȧȡȍȋȖ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȣ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȍȋȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȈ ȘȈȔȒȈȔȐ țȏȒȖȋȖ Ȑ ȘȈșȠȐȘȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȥȋȖȐȏȔȈ. ȅȋȖȐȏȔ, șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ Țȍȓȍ, 76


77 ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȉȣȟȕȖ ț ȕȐȏȠȐȝ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ. ǸȈșȠȐȘȍȕȕȣȑ ȥȋȖȐȏȔ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ ȍȋȖ ȕȈ șȍȔȤȦ, ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȖȉȡȐȕț, ȕȈȞȐȦ Ȑ ȔȐȘ ș ȞȍȓȤȦ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȍȕȐȧ ȒȖȔȜȖȘȚȈ Ȍȓȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ. ǪȣȠȍ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȘȐȔȐȚȐȊȕȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȖȊ șȚȖȧȚ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȍ ȔȣșȓȐȚȍȓȐ, ȗȈȘȧȡȐȍ Ȋ țȔșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ șȜȍȘȈȝ. ǰȝ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ șȖȏȌȈȕȐȐ șȚȐȝȖȊ Ȑ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȝ șȐșȚȍȔ ȐȓȐ ȗȘȖȗȈȋȈȕȌȍ ȒȈȒȖȋȖ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ «ȐȏȔȈ» Ȋșȍ ș ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ ȥȋȖȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȞȍȓȤȦ, ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȕȖȑ ȚȍȓȖȔ Ȑ țȔȖȔ. ǵȖ ȊȣȠȍ ȚȍȓȈ Ȑ țȔȈ - ȌȘȍȔȓȦȡȈȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ, ȉȍȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȊȍșȤ Țȍȓȍșȕȣȑ Ȑ țȔșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȥȋȖȐȏȔ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗțșȚȣȔ Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȉȍșșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȣȔ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȕȍȘȈȏțȔȕȣȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȕȍȊȍȌȖȔȣ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌțȠȐ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȋȓțȗȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȦȚ Ȗ ȌțȠȍ Ȑ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋȕȍ șȜȍȘȣ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ȚȍȓȈ Ȑ țȔȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȊȣȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȌȖȓȋȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȐȔ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. ǯȌȍșȤ Ȏȍ șȚȈȊȐȚșȧ ȊȖȗȘȖș Ȗȉ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ ȌțȠȐ. ǬțȠȈ («ȧ» ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ) - Ȋȕȍ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ țȔȈ. ǶȕȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȔȖȡȕȖȑ ȌȊȐȎțȡȍȑ șȐȓȖȑ țȔȈ Ȑ ȚȍȓȈ. ǷȘȖșȚȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȧ șȊȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ Ȑ țȔ Ȑ ȕȍ ȊȍȌȈȧ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȍȑ ȌȘȍȔȓȦȡȍȑ ȌțȠȐ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ șȟȈșȚȤȍ. ǺȍȓȖ Ȑ țȔ ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȕȍȕțȎȕȣȍ ȊȕȍȠȕȐȍ ȖȉȖȓȖȟȒȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌțȠȐ. ǵȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȚȤ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌțȠȐ. ǿȚȖȉȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȗȚȐȞț, ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȟȐșȚȐȚȤ ȍȍ ȒȓȍȚȒț. ǵțȎȕȖ ȏȕȈȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȐ șȈȔȖȑ ȗȚȐȞȣ. ǷȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌțȠȐ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȣ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȕȖȑ șȜȍȘȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȐȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ șȊȖȉȖȌȣ. ǶȕȈ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȣ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȑ șȊȍȚ Ȑ Ȍțȝ. ȅȚȈ ȗȖȓȕȈȧ șȊȖȉȖȌȈ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȕȍȑ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȈ ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȍȚșȧ ș șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȌțȝȖȔ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. dzȦȉȖȊȤ Ȓ ǩȖȋț ȌȘȍȔȓȍȚ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȔ; ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȉȣȚȐȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȜȐȏȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ Ȑ țȔ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȐȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȋȘțȉȖȑ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȗȘȖȉțȌȐȚ Ȋ ȕȈș ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ȅȚȖ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȓțȠȈȕȐȦ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȑ Ȗ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȦ Ȑȝ, Ȉ ȓȦȉȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȍ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȤ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ șȓțȠȈȕȐȦ Ȑ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȦ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȈȏȊȈȕȈ ȏȌȍșȤ ȗțșȚȖȑ ȚȘȈȚȖȑ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȖȟȐȍ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȧ (Ȓ ȒȈȒȖȔț ȉȣ «ȐȏȔț» ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȖȚȕȖșȐȓȐșȤ) ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȌțȠț. ǬȈȎȍ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ, șȚȘȍȔȧȡȐȝșȧ Ȓ șȗȈșȍȕȐȦ, șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȉȍșȗȖȓȍȏȕȖȑ ȊȊȐȌț Ȑȝ ȕȍșȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȐ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȚȤ ȗȍȘȊȖȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȓȦȉȖȑ șȊȖȉȖȌȣ. ǪțȓȤȋȈȘȕȣȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȗȣȚȍ țȉȍȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȊȣȋȖȌȈ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȈ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕșȚȊȖȔ, Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȓȐ ȔȐȘȍ ȐȓȐ Ȋ ȐȕȖȔ. ǬȈȎȍ ȗȖȌȕȧȊȠȐșȤ ȕȈ ǹȊȈȘȋȈȓȖȒț, Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȕȈȑȌȍȚ ȚȈȔ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȐ Ȍȓȧ șȊȖȍȑ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȦȡȍȑ ȗȖȒȖȧ ȌțȠȐ. ǻȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȐșȚȖȔȐȊȠȍȑșȧ ȌțȠȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȕȈțȟȕȣȑ ȗȘȖȞȍșș șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȌȝȈȘȔȈșȑȈ ȝȑ ȈȗȈȊȈȘȋȑȈșȑȈ ȕȈȘȚȝȖ 'ȘȚȝȈȑȖȗȈȒȈȓȗȈȚȍ ȕȈȘȚȝȈșȑȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȐȒȈȕȚȈșȑȈ ȒȈȔȖ ȓȈȉȝȈȑȈ ȝȐ șȔȘȐȚȈȝ 77


78 ȌȝȈȘȔȈșȑȈ - ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ; ȝȐ - ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ; ȈȗȈȊȈȘȋȑȈșȑȈ ȖȒȖȕȟȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȈȘȚȝȈȝ - ȞȍȓȤ; ȈȘȚȝȈȑȈ - Ȍȓȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ; țȗȈȒȈȓȗȈȚȍ - ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȣ; ȕȈ - ȕȐ; ȈȘȚȝȈșȑȈ - ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȥȒȈ-ȈȕȚȈșȑȈ - ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȕȧȚ ȊȣșȠȐȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ; ȒȈȔȈȝ - țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ; ȓȈȉȝȈȑȈ - Ȍȓȧ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ; ȝȐ - ȚȖȟȕȖ; șȔȘȐȚȈȝ - ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ. ǪȣȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȕȍ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌțȍȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȑ ȐȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȖȒȖȕȟȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǭȦ ȕȐ Ȋ ȒȖȍȔ șȓțȟȈȍ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȘȈȌȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ. ǩȖȓȍȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȗȖ șȓȖȊȈȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȊȣșȠȐȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ Ȍȓȧ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȐȏȖȡȘȍȕȕȖȋȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ șȊȖȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǵȣ țȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȟȐșȚȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȔț ȏȕȈȕȐȦ Ȑ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȦ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ. ǵȖ ȍșȚȤ ȓȦȌȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȞȍȓȤ ȊșȧȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȟȐșȓȍ Ȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȑ - ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ. ǶȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȑ ȉȣ ȟȈșȚȐ șȊȍȚȈ Ȗȕ ȕȐ ȎȐȓ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ ȐȏȊȓȍȟȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȊȣȋȖȌț Ȑȏ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȋȖ ȐȓȐ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǬȈȎȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȦȚ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȐȌȖȊ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȗȘȐȔȈȕȒț Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ, Ȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ ȗȘȍȓȤȡȈȍȚșȧ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ ȥȚȐȔȐ ȉȓȈȋȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȐȔ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖșȚȤ. ǷȖȟȍȔț Ȏȍ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȝ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȊȣȋȖȌȈ? ǷȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȖȕȈ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȍȚ ȐȔ ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȧȚȤ Ȑȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ, Ȉ ȥȚȖ, Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ, țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȍȚ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȓ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧȔ. ȅȚȖȚ ȞȐȒȓ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȧ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔțȦ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȊȣȋȖȌț, ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȦȡțȦ, Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ, ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȧȚȤ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ. ǻȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ - ȖșȕȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȚȐȗȖȊ. ǵȖ Ȋ ȌȈȕȕȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ, șȓȍȌțȧ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȦ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȍȚ ȥȚȖ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȒȈȒȐȔ ȉȣ ȚȖ ȕȐ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȘȈȌȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ. ǩȖȓȍȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȊȣȋȖȌț ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȟțȊșȚȊ. DzȈȒ ȕțȎȕȖ ȍȍ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ, ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȔ șȚȐȝȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȒȈȔȈșȑȈ ȕȍȕȌȘȐȑȈ-ȗȘȐȚȐȘ ȓȈȉȝȖ ȌȎȐȊȍȚȈ ȑȈȊȈȚȈ ȌȎȐȊȈșȑȈ ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȌȎȐȌȎȕȈșȈ' ȕȈȘȚȝȖ ȑȈȠ ȟȍȝȈ ȒȈȘȔȈȉȝȐȝ ȒȈȔȈșȑȈ - Ȑȏ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȐȕȌȘȐȑȈ - ȟțȊșȚȊ; ȗȘȐȚȐȝ - țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ; ȓȈȉȝȈȝ - ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ; ȌȎȐȊȍȚȈ - șȈȔȖșȖȝȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ; ȑȈȊȈȚȈ - ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ; ȌȎȐȊȈșȑȈ - ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ; ȚȈȚȚȊȈ - ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ; ȌȎȐȌȎȕȈșȈ - ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȈȘȚȝȈȝ ȞȍȓȤ; ȑȈȝ ȟȈ ȐȝȈ - ȟȚȖ-ȓȐȉȖ ȍȡȍ; ȒȈȘȔȈȉȝȐȝ - ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǮȍȓȈȕȐȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȣ ȕȈ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ 78


79 ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǹȓȍȌțȍȚ ȎȍȓȈȚȤ ȓȐȠȤ ȏȌȖȘȖȊȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ șȈȔȖșȖȝȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ, ȐȉȖ ȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ - ȏȈȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ. ǵȐȟȚȖ ȐȕȖȍ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȞȍȓȤȦ ȍȋȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ șȉȐȚȈȧ ș ȚȖȓȒț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȧ ȌȊȐȎȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȕȍȊȍȘȕȖȔ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȐ, șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȊ șȊȖȐ țșȐȓȐȧ ȕȈ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǪȖ Ȋșȍȝ șȜȍȘȈȝ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȤȦ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ. Ǫ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȍ, ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȈȓȤȚȘțȐȏȔȍ, ȜȐȓȈȕȚȘȖȗȐȐ, Ȑ, ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ, Ȋ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȗȖȐșȒȈȝ șȗȈșȍȕȐȧ Ȋșȍ ȚȖȚ Ȏȍ ȖȚȚȍȕȖȒ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȟțȊșȚȊ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ Ȑ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȘȍȖȉȓȈȌȈȚȤ. Ǫ șȜȍȘȍ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȐ ȓȐȌȍȘȣ șȘȈȎȈȦȚșȧ ȌȘțȋ ș ȌȘțȋȖȔ ȘȈȌȐ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ șȊȖȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǰȏȉȐȘȈȚȍȓȐ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȔ ȓȐȌȍȘȈȔ ȓȐȠȤ ȚȖȋȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Țȍ ȖȉȍȡȈȦȚ ȐȔ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ. Ǩ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȐȏȉȐȘȈȚȍȓȍȑ ȕȍ ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȚ ȌȖȓȎȕȖȋȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, ȓȐȌȍȘȖȊ șȊȍȘȋȈȦȚ. dzȐȌȍȘȣ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȘȈȏȖȟȈȘȖȊȣȊȈȦȚ șȊȖȐȝ ȐȏȉȐȘȈȚȍȓȍȑ, ȕȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȧ Ȑȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǺȖ Ȏȍ șȈȔȖȍ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȌȘțȋȐȝ șȜȍȘȈȝ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ: ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȎȐȏȕȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȖȉȓȍȔȈȔ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ. ǬȈȎȍ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȐȌȍȚ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ șȗȈșȍȕȐȧ, șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ șȓȐȚȤșȧ ș ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȖȑ Ȑ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ șȈȔȖțȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȘȈȌȐ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ șȊȖȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǵȖ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȎȐȚȤ ȘȈȌȐ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ șȊȖȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǿțȊșȚȊȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȚȤ, ȕȖ ȓȐȠȤ Ȋ ȚȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ, Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȑ ȥȚȖ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ Ȍȓȧ șȈȔȖșȖȝȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȘȈȌȐ Ȑȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȚȍȓȖ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȑȏ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȚȘȍȉțȦȡȐȝ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȘȍȋțȓȐȘțȦȚ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȣ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒ, ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȉȘȈȒ, ȐȓȐ șȖȦȏ ȔțȎȟȐȕȣ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȍȕȐȧ ȘȖȌȈ, Ȉ ȕȍ Ȍȓȧ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ. ǶȚșțȚșȚȊȐȍ ȌȖȉȘȖȊȖȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȏȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ ȊȓȍȟȍȚ ȏȈ șȖȉȖȑ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȤ ȗȘȖȗȈȋȈȕȌȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȓȈȕȐȘȖȊȈȕȐȍ șȍȔȤȐ, ȕȖ ȋȓțȗȣȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȕȍȊȌȖȔȍȒ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȔ, ȋȌȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȏȈȕȧȚȣ ȗȖȐșȒȖȔ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, ȗȓȈȕȐȘȖȊȈȕȐȍ șȍȔȤȐ ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȈȔȖ șȖȉȖȑ. ǰȡțȡȐȝ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț ȕȍ ȗȘȍȓȤȡȈȦȚ ȉȍșșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȗȖȐșȒȈȔȐ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȣ ȐșșȓȍȌȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ șȜȍȘȈȝ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȗȖȐșȒ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȤȦ. ǺȈȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț șȟȈșȚȤȍ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȗȕ ȔȍȕȤȠȍ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȊȈȚȤșȧ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȔ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧȔ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȚȈȒȖȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ, ȖȉȢȧ șȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȔ șȚȐȝȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȊȈȌȈȕȚȐ ȚȈȚ ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȊȐȌȈș ȚȈȚȚȊȈȔ ȑȈȌȎ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȈȌȊȈȑȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȍȚȐ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȍȚȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȐȚȐ ȠȈȉȌȑȈȚȍ ȊȈȌȈȕȚȐ - ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ; ȚȈȚ - ȟȚȖ; ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȊȐȌȈȝ - șȊȍȌțȡȐȍ ȌțȠȐ; ȚȈȚȚȊȈȔ - ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ; ȑȈȚ - ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ - ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȈȌȊȈȑȈȔ - ȕȍȌȊȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȐȚȐ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȈȧ ȒȈȒ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ ȐȚȐ - ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȈȧ ȒȈȒ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȐȚȐ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȈȧ ȒȈȒ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ; ȠȈȉȌȑȈȚȍ - ȚȈȒ ȗȘȖ ȕȍȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ. ǹȊȍȌțȡȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ, ȗȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȥȚț ȕȍȌȊȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ șțȉșȚȈȕȞȐȦ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȖȑ ȐȓȐ 79


80 ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ - Ȑ șțȉȢȍȒȚ, Ȑ ȖȉȢȍȒȚ; Ȋ ǵȍȑ ȕȍȚ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȑ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ Ȑ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ - ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȣ. ǶȌȕț Ȑ Țț Ȏȍ șțȉșȚȈȕȞȐȦ ȐȏțȟȈȦȡȐȍ ǻȗȈȕȐȠȈȌȣ ȖșȖȏȕȈȦȚ ȒȈȒ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȝȐȘȈȕȑȈȋȈȘȉȝȐ, ȐȓȐ ȑȖȋȐ, - ȒȈȒ ȓȖȒȈȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕțȦ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔț, Ȉ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ - ȒȈȒ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȈ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ, ȐȓȐ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, - ȥȚȖ ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ - ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǩȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ - ȥȚȖ ȐȏȓțȟȍȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȖȍ ș ǵȐȔ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ, ȒȈȒ șȖȓȕȍȟȕȣȍ ȓțȟȐ - ș ȉȖȋȖȔ ǹȖȓȕȞȈ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ȊȣȠȍțȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȝ ȠȒȖȓ șȗȖȘȧȚ ȌȘțȋ ș ȌȘțȋȖȔ, ȖȚșȚȈȐȊȈȧ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ șȊȖȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȐșȚȐȕȣ. ǵȖ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍȔ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ - ȚȘȐ ȈșȗȍȒȚȈ ȍȌȐȕȖȑ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, ȘȈșșȔȈȚȘȐȊȈȍȔȖȑ ȗȖȌ ȘȈȏȕȣȔȐ țȋȓȈȔȐ ȏȘȍȕȐȧ. DzȈȒ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȍȘȊȖȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ ȗȍȘȊȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȣ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ǪȣșȠȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ șȈȔȖȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȈ ȖȚ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. Ǫ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ ȖȚȓȐȟȍȕ ȖȚ ȖȉȢȍȒȚȈ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȕȖ Ȋ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ Ȑ ȗȖȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ, Ȑ ȗȖȏȕȈȊȈȍȔȖȍ șțȚȤ ȖȌȕȖ. Ǫ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ - ȎȐȊȖȑ Ȍțȝ, ȐȓȐ ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ, Ȉ ȗȖȏȕȈȊȈȍȔȖȍ - ȐȕȍȘȚȕȈȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȧ, ȕȐȏȠȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊțȍȚ ȌȊȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȕȐȏȠȍȑ Ȑ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ Ȋ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȔ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ Ȑ ȗȖȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ, Ȑ ȗȖȏȕȈȊȈȍȔȖȍ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑ ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǪȣșȠȐȑ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ ȚȘȍȝ ȊȐȌȖȊ. ȅȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȕȈ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ, ȕȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȖ. ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑ ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ Ȏȍ ȔȐȘ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȐȏȠȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ. ǹȖȗȘȐȒȈșȈȧșȤ ș ȕȐȏȠȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ, ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȊȗȈȌȈȍȚ Ȋ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȦ Ȑ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ ȌțȔȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ Ȓ ȕȐȏȠȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȍșȚȤ ȟțȊșȚȊȖ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. Ǫ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȍ ȕȍȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȗȖȏȕȈȦȡȐȔ Ȑ ȖȉȢȍȒȚȖȔ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȈȔ Ȋșȍ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȚȈȟ ȟȝȘȈȌȌȈȌȝȈȕȈ ȔțȕȈȑȖ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȊȈȐȘȈȋȑȈ-ȑțȒȚȈȑȈ ȗȈȠȑȈȕȚȑ ȈȚȔȈȕȐ ȟȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ ȠȘțȚȈ-ȋȘȐȝȐȚȈȑȈ ȚȈȚ - Țȍ; ȠȘȈȌȌȈȌȝȈȕȈȝ - ȗȣȚȓȐȊȣȍ; ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ - ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈ - ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ; ȊȈȐȘȈȋȑȈ - ȕȍȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȑțȒȚȈȑȈ - ȊȖȖȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ; ȗȈȠȑȈȕȚȐ - ȊȐȌȐȚ; ȈȚȔȈȕȐ ȊȕțȚȘȐ șȍȉȧ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ - ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔț; ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ - Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ; ȠȘțȚȈ - ǪȍȌȣ; ȋȘȐȝȐȚȈȑȈ - ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȧȚȣȍ. ǹȍȘȤȍȏȕȣȑ Ȑ ȗȣȚȓȐȊȣȑ țȟȍȕȐȒ ȐȓȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞ, ȊȖȖȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍȔ, ȖșȖȏȕȈȍȚ ȥȚț ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȧșȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǭȑ ȚȈȒ, ȒȈȒ Ȗȕ țșȓȣȠȈȓ Ȑȏ ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-ȠȘțȚȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ - ȗȖȓȕȖȔț ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȦ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȐȏȓțȟȍȕȐȍ ǭȋȖ 80


81 ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ, Ȉ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ - ǭȋȖ ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ ȒȈȒ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȐȓȐ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȓȐȠȤ ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȣȔ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȚȐȗȈ ȓȦȌȍȑ - ȒȈȘȔȐ, ȌȎȕȈȕȐ, ȑȖȋȐ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ. DzȈȘȔȐ - ȥȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȣ, Ȉ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȚȘȐ ȚȐȗȈ ȓȦȌȍȑ - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ ȗȍȘȊȖȋȖ ȒȓȈșșȈ - ȥȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȓȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ ȊȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȒȓȈșșȈ - ȥȚȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȓ ȗȖȓȕțȦ ȟȈșȚȤ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ. Dz ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȈȔ Ȏȍ ȚȘȍȚȤȍȋȖ ȒȓȈșșȈ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ-ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȈȟȈȓ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȈȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ șțȡȕȖșȚȤ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ. DzȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȌȒȘȍȗȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȖȚȒȈȏȖȔ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ. Ǵȣ țȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȌȈȍȚ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȦ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ. ǺȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ - ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, ȚȖ Ȑ ȗțȚȐ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ Ȑ ȑȖȋȈ, ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȍ șȗȖșȖȉȣ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, ȖȗȐȘȈȦȡȍȍșȧ ȕȈ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȋ șȖȟȍȚȈȕȐȐ ș ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍȔ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ Ȑ ȗȖȌȒȘȍȗȓȍȕȕȖȍ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍȔ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-ȠȘțȚȐ», - ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȔȍȚȖȌ, ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȣȑ Ȑ ȗȣȚȓȐȊȣȑ țȟȍȕȐȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȖȊ, ȕȍ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȚȘȐ ȒȓȈșșȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ: ȗȍȘȊȣȑ, ȊȚȖȘȖȑ Ȑ ȚȘȍȚȐȑ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȚȘȍȚȤȍȋȖ ȒȓȈșșȈ, ȕȍȖȜȐȚȖȊ, ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȕȍ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȝ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȊȈȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȗȘȖȞȍșș ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ȖȉȘȈȏț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȝȘȈȔȍ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ-ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȈȔȐ. ǶȕȐ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȏȈȐȕȚȍȘȍșȖȊȈȕȣ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȍ, ȟȍȔ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȉȓȈȋȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ș țȘȖȊȕȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȕȈ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȊȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȒȓȈșșȈ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȒȓȈșșȈ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȈȚȤ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ Ȋ șȜȍȘȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ: dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȑ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȊȘȈȎȌȍȉȕȖ ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȝșȧ Ȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ. ǿȚȖȉȣ șȚȈȚȤ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȔ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ, ȗȖ ȒȘȈȑȕȍȑ ȔȍȘȍ, ȌȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȊȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȒȓȈșșȈ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȚȘȍȚȤȍȋȖ ȒȓȈșșȈ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȖȓțȟȈȚȤ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ Ȑȏ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȝ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȊ - ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ. ǷȍȘȊȣȑ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ - ȥȚȖ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ, ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, Ȉ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ - «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȏȈ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȚȘȍȚȤȍȋȖ ȒȓȈșșȈ ȕțȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț. ǺȈȒȖȑ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȏȈȘȈȉȈȚȣȊȈȍȚ șȍȉȍ ȕȈ ȎȐȏȕȤ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺȈȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȒțȓȤȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǻ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ-ȕȍȖȜȐȚȈ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊțȍȚ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȖȊ. Ƕȕ șȓțȠȈȍȚ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȖȊ, ȌȍȓȈȧ ȥȚȖ ȕȈȗȖȒȈȏ, ȘȈȌȐ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ. ǺȈȒȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȟȚȍȕȐȍ ȌȐșȒȘȍȌȐȚȐȘȖȊȈȓȐ ȊȍșȤ ȗȘȖȞȍșș, ȊȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕțȎȕȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȡȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȐȏȉȍȋȈȚȤ. ǹȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȍȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ, ȕȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ, ȚȈȒȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ șȓțȠȈȚȤ Ȋ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȈ, ȐȉȖ Ȗȕ ȖȚȘȈȊȓȧȍȚ Ȑȝ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȏȔȍȍ, ȖȚȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȍȑ ȔȖȓȖȒȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȖȌȕȐȔ ȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȍȔ ȧȏȣȒȈ. 81


82 ǰȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ, ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȐȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ ȋȖȚȖȊ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘț: ǻȗȈȕȐȠȈȌȣ, «ǪȍȌȈȕȚț» Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ, ȗȍȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȈȔȐ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȋȖ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ șȓțȠȈȍȚ ȥȚȐ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȔț ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ. ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ șȓțȠȈȍȚ Ȑȝ Ȑ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ Ȑȝ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ, ȍȋȖ ȗȖȒȈȏȕȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ țȚȘȈȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȊșȧȒȐȑ șȔȣșȓ Ȑ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȗȖȔȍȝȖȑ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȖȒȈȏȕȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, ȕȍ ȖșȕȖȊȣȊȈȦȡȍȍșȧ ȕȈ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȝ ȠȘțȚȐ, șȔȘȐȚȐ, ǷțȘȈȕ Ȑ «ǷȈȕȟȈȘȈȚȘȣ», ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȕțȚȖ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȟȐȚȈȚȤșȧ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ. ǻșȊȖȐȊ șțȡȕȖșȚȤ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ șȖȏȍȘȞȈȚȤ Ȋ șȍȉȍ ȊșȍȗȘȖȕȐȒȈȦȡȐȑ ȓȖȒȈȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ ȈșȗȍȒȚ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ȅȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șȈȔȈȌȝȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȈȚȈȝ ȗțȔȉȝȐȘ ȌȊȐȌȎȈ-ȠȘȍȠȚȝȈ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȊȐȉȝȈȋȈȠȈȝ șȊȈȕțȠȚȝȐȚȈșȑȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈșȑȈ șȈȔșȐȌȌȝȐȘ ȝȈȘȐ-ȚȖȠȈȕȈȔ ȈȚȈȝ - ȚȈȒ; ȗțȔȉȝȐȝ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈ-ȠȘȍȠȚȝȈȝ - Ȗ ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ; ȊȈȘȕȈ-ȈȠȘȈȔȈ - șȐșȚȍȔȣ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȒȈșȚ Ȑ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ țȒȓȈȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȊȐȉȝȈȋȈȠȈȝ - ȌȍȓȍȕȐȍȔ; șȊȈȕțȠȚȝȐȚȈșȑȈ - șȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȝ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈșȑȈ - ȗȖ ȘȖȌț ȏȈȕȧȚȐȑ; șȈȔșȐȌȌȝȐȝ - ȕȈȐȊȣșȠȍȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖ; ȝȈȘȐ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȚȖȠȈȕȈȔ - ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȧ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, Ȗ ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ, șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȐȊȣșȠȍȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ, ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȧ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ, șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ȒȈșȚȍ Ȑ țȒȓȈȌț ȎȐȏȕȐ, - ȥȚȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȌȍȓȐȚșȧ ȕȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȒȈșȚȣ Ȑ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ țȒȓȈȌȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǿȍȚȣȘȍ ȒȈșȚȣ - ȥȚȖ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚțȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȊȖȍȕȕȣȝ, ȗȘȖȐȏȊȖȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȒȓȈșș Ȑ ȘȈȉȖȟȐȍ. ǬȍȓȍȕȐȍ ȕȈ ȒȈșȚȣ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȖ ȕȈ ȘȖȌȍ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȑ Ȑ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȝ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȐ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ țȒȓȈȌȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ: țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ, ȎȐȏȕȤ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕȈ, ȖȚȝȖȌ ȖȚ ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ, ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ, ȎȐȏȕȤ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȕȈȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ. ǺȈȒȖȍ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȍȕȐȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȖȚȊȍȟȈȍȚ ȍȋȖ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȈȔ. ǶȉȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ șȐșȚȍȔȈ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȌȍȓȍȕȐȍ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊțȍȚ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȖȘȔȈȓȤȕȖ ȜțȕȒȞȐȖȕȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ. ǰ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȣȠȍțȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȝ ȒȈșȚȈȝ Ȑ țȒȓȈȌȈȝ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȞȍȓȤ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȊȓȈȌȣȒȍ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ȅȚȈ țȗȖȘȧȌȖȟȍȕȕȈȧ șȚȘțȒȚțȘȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȈ ȒȈȒ șȐșȚȍȔȈ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ - ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȖȘȋȈȕȐȏȈȞȐȐ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǰȕșȚȐȚțȚ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ șȖȏȌȈȕ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȈȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț. Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕ Ȍȓȧ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊȈ ȖȌȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȕȈȌ ȌȘțȋȖȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȟȘȍȏȔȍȘȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȐȕȌȘȐȑȈ-ȗȘȐȚȐ, țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȦ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȓȦȌȐ ȏȈȉȣȊȈȦȚ Ȗ ȞȍȓȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ - ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, ȚȖ, ȒȈȒ țȎȍ ȖȉșțȎȌȈȓȖșȤ ȘȈȕȍȍ, ȥȋȖȐșȚȐȟȕȣȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȚ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ șȐșȚȍȔț ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȐȚȤ șȍȉȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ șȓȈȉȣȝ. Ǫ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț, ȊȍȒ ȊȘȈȎȌȣ, ȥȚȖ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊȖ țȎȍ țȒȖȘȍȕȐȓȖșȤ, ȕȖ ȏȌȘȈȊȖȔȣșȓȧȡȐȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ 82


83 ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȌȍȓȍȕȐȍ ȕȈ ȒȈșȚȣ Ȑ țȒȓȈȌȣ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌțȍȚ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȞȍȓȤ - țȗȖȘȧȌȖȟȐȚȤ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȓȦȌȧȔ țșȓȖȊȐȧ Ȍȓȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȐȓȐ ȕȈȐȊȣșȠȍȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖ șȐșȚȍȔȣ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ - ȥȚȖ șȖȚȘțȌȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȖ Ȏȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (4.13). ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȚȈșȔȈȌ ȥȒȍȕȈ ȔȈȕȈșȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ șȈȚȊȈȚȈȔ ȗȈȚȐȝ ȠȘȖȚȈȊȑȈȝ ȒȐȘȚȐȚȈȊȑȈȠ ȟȈ ȌȝȑȍȑȈȝ ȗțȌȎȑȈȠ ȟȈ ȕȐȚȑȈȌȈ ȚȈșȔȈȚ - ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȥȒȍȕȈ - ȕȈ ȖȌȕȖȔ; ȔȈȕȈșȈ - șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȖșȚȤȦ țȔȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; șȈȚȊȈȚȈȔ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȗȈȚȐȝ - ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒ; ȠȘȖȚȈȊȑȈȝ - ȕȈȌȖ șȓțȠȈȚȤ; ȒȐȘȚȐȚȈȊȑȈȝ - ȕȈȌȖ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȚȤ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȌȝȑȍȑȈȝ - ȕȈȌȖ ȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ; ȗțȌȎȑȈȝ - ȕȈȌȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȕȐȚȑȈȌȈ - ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕțȎȕȖ, șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȊ Ȋșȍ șȊȖȍ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ, ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȚȤ, ȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ ǭȋȖ Ȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǭȔț - ȏȈȡȐȚȕȐȒț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ - ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ Ȍȓȧ ȍȍ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ. ǿȍȚȣȘȍ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȈ: ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ, șȓțȠȈȕȐȍ, ȗȈȔȧȚȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ - ȖȉȡȐȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ Ȓ ȊȣȠȍțȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȔ ȒȈșȚȈȔ Ȑ țȒȓȈȌȈȔ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǩȍȏ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ. Ǫșȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȗȘȖȚȍȒȈȍȚ Ȋ șȜȍȘȍ ȥȚȐȝ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȊ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ. dzȦȉȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ Ȋ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ, Ȋ ȚȖȑ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ ȏȈȊȐșȐȚ ȖȚ șȓțȠȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȒȈȒȖȍ ȉȣ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ Ȗȕ ȕȐ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȉȣșȚȘȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȖșȚȤȦ, ȍșȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȚ ȏȈșȓțȎȍȕȕȖ ȐȓȐ ȕȍȏȈșȓțȎȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȚȤ Ȋ ȋȈȏȍȚȈȝ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ ȋȈȏȍȚȣ ȌȍȓȈȦȚ ȘȍȒȓȈȔț ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȓȐȌȍȘȈȔ ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȓȐȉȖ ȗȈȘȚȐȐ, Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȦ ȏȈțȘȧȌȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ Ȋ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȖȒȈ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȊȈȎȕȖȑ ȗȍȘșȖȕȖȑ. ǵȖ ȕȍȏȈșȓțȎȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȣȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȋȖ ȕȐ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț, ȕȐ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊț. ǺȈȒȈȧ ȗȘȖȗȈȋȈȕȌȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ, ȕȖ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȋȖ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȖȕȈ ȕȍ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȖȌȖȉȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ - ȗțșȚȈȧ ȚȘȈȚȈ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ. ǰșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȢȍȒȚ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ - ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, șȖȏȌȈȚȍȓȤ ȊșȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈș ȖȒȘțȎȈȍȚ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȓȖșȤ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȈȟȐȕȈȧ șȖ ȠȓȖȒȐ ȌȎȈȕȔȈȌȑ ȈșȑȈ. ǹȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȌȘțȋȐȝ Ȑ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȕțȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȕȈ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȢȍȒȚ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ - ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȍ ǹțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǰ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȚ șȟȈșȚȤȍ ȊșȍȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 ȑȈȌ-ȈȕțȌȝȑȈșȐȕȈ ȑțȒȚȈȝ 83


84 ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȋȘȈȕȚȝȐ-ȕȐȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈȔ ȟȝȐȕȌȈȕȚȐ ȒȖȊȐȌȈș ȚȈșȑȈ ȒȖ ȕȈ ȒțȘȑȈȚ ȒȈȚȝȈ-ȘȈȚȐȔ ȑȈȚ - ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȈȕțȌȝȑȈ - ȗȈȔȧȚȤ; ȈșȐȕȈ - Ȕȍȟ; ȑțȒȚȈȝ - ȊȖȖȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ; ȒȈȘȔȈ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, șȖȏȌȈȦȡȍȑ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ; ȋȘȈȕȚȝȐ - țȏȍȓ; ȕȐȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈȔ ȗȍȘȍȗȓȍȚȈȚȤ; ȟȝȐȕȌȈȕȚȐ - ȘȈȏȘțȉȈȍȚ; ȒȖȊȐȌȈȝ - ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȑ; ȚȈșȑȈ - ǭȋȖ; ȒȈȝ - ȒȚȖ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȒțȘȑȈȚ - șȌȍȓȈȍȚ; ȒȈȚȝȈ - ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ; ȘȈȚȐȔ - ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ. ǸȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȈȔȧȚȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȒȈȒ ȔȍȟȖȔ, ȘȈȏȘțȉȈȦȚ ȏȈȗțȚȈȕȕȣȍ țȏȓȣ ȒȈȘȔȣ [ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȊȓȍȒțȡȍȑ ȏȈ șȖȉȖȑ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ]. Ǩ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȈȑȌȍȚșȧ ȓȐ ȒȚȖ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ, ȒȚȖ ȖșȚȈȕȍȚșȧ ȘȈȊȕȖȌțȠȍȕ Ȓ ǭȋȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȦ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȖȕȚȈȒȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȐșȒȘȣ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȈȔȐ ȖȉȘȈȏțȍȚ țȏȍȓ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȘȈȏȘțȉȐȚȤ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȞȍȗȐ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȑ Ȑ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȌȍȑșȚȊȐȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǶșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ - ȏȕȈȟȐȚ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȒȘțȋȖȊȖȘȖȚȈ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȊȓȍȒțȡȍȑ ȏȈ șȖȉȖȑ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ. Ǭȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȖȔȕȐȚ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ șȈȔȖ șȖȉȖȑ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ (ǭȋȖ ȓȐȓȈ) ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈ Ȓ ȋțȕȈȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ȅȚȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȍȚ Ȋșȍȝ, Ȑ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖȍ șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ ș ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȖȌțȝȖȚȊȖȘȧȍȚ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕțȦ ȌțȠț Ȑ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ ȘȈȏȘțȉȈȍȚ țȏȍȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǰȚȈȒ, ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ - ȗȖȉȖȟȕȣȑ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǹȈȔȖ ȗȖ șȍȉȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȖȒȘȣȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȊȖȏȖȉȓȈȌȈȓȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ șȚȈȕȍȚ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔ. ǬȈȎȍ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȚȘțȌȐȚșȧ ȘȈȌȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ, ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȈ ȗȖȒȘȣȚȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ. DzȈȘȔȈ, ȗȖȒȘȣȚȈȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȕȖșȐȚ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍ ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȑȖȋȐ. ǨȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȥȔȗȐȘȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȋ șȖȟȍȚȈȕȐȐ ș ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ-ȑȖȋȖȑ. ǵȖ ȟȐșȚȈȧ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈ ȕȍ ȏȈȊȐșȐȚ ȕȐ ȖȚ ȒȈȘȔȣ, ȕȐ ȖȚ ȌȎȕȈȕȣ, ȐȉȖ ȖȕȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȖȚ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȖȌȈȘȐȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȏȌȘȈȊȖȔȣșȓȧȡȐȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, șȚȖȧȡȐȑ ȊȣȠȍ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȖ șȒțȌȕȣȔȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, șȓțȠȈȧ Ȗ ǵȍȔ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȧ ǭȋȖ, ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȖ ȗȈȔȧȚțȧ Ȗ ǵȍȔ Ȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȧșȤ ǭȔț. ǺȈȒȖȊ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ, țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȍȑ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȒțȓȤȚ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ, șȚȘȖȋȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȈȊȐȓț Ȑ șȖȏȌȈȓȐ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȕȈȔ ȉȍșșȟȍȚȕȣȍ ȚȘțȌȣ ȗȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȕȈțȒȍ. ǹȓȍȌțȧ țȟȍȕȐȦ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȖȕȐ ȕȈȔȍȚȐȓȐ ȗțȚȐ Ȍȓȧ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȑ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș șȐșȚȍȔȖȑ ȒȈșȚ Ȑ țȒȓȈȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 ȠțȠȘțȠȖȝ ȠȘȈȌȌȈȌȝȈȕȈșȑȈ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ-ȒȈȚȝȈ-ȘțȟȐȝ 84


85 șȑȈȕ ȔȈȝȈȚ-șȍȊȈȑȈ ȊȐȗȘȈȝ ȗțȕȑȈ-ȚȐȘȚȝȈ-ȕȐȠȍȊȈȕȈȚ ȠțȠȘțȠȖȝ - șȓțȠȈȦȡȐȑ; ȠȘȈȌȌȈȌȝȈȕȈșȑȈ - șȚȈȘȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȑ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ - ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȍșȧ Ȓ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ; ȒȈȚȝȈ - ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ; ȘțȟȐȝ - ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȍ; șȑȈȚ - șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔ; ȔȈȝȈȚ-șȍȊȈȑȈ - ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ; ȊȐȗȘȈȝ - Ȗ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ; ȗțȕȑȈ-ȚȐȘȚȝȈ - ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ; ȕȐȠȍȊȈȕȈȚ - șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ. Ƕ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, șȓțȎȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȔ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȘȖȒȖȊ, - ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ. ǩȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȥȚȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȐȟȐȕȈ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȖ ȊȖșșȚȈȓȖ ȗȘȖȚȐȊ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǭșȚȤ ȓȦȌȐ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȌȍȊȈȔȐ, ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, Ȉ ȍșȚȤ ȓȦȌȐ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȈșțȘȈȔȐ, ȌȍȔȖȕȈȔȐ, ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȦȡȐȔȐ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (Ȋ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ) ȌȈȍȚșȧ ȧȘȒȖȍ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ȈșțȘȖȊ. ǺȈȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȈșțȘȣ ș ȒȈȎȌȖȑ ȗȖșȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ ȖȗțșȒȈȦȚșȧ ȕȈ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȕȐȏȒȐȍ țȘȖȊȕȐ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, ȗȖȓțȟȈȧ ȚȍȓȈ ȕȐȏȠȐȝ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ Ȑ ȓȐȠȈȧșȤ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ țȏȕȈȚȤ Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǵȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ șȓțȋ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȡȐȝ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ șȚȘȈȕȈȝ șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȊȖȓȍ, ȥȚȐ ȈșțȘȣ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȖȟȐȡȈȦȚșȧ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȧ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ Ȋ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȉȓȐȏȒȐȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș ǵȐȔ. ǰ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȗȈșȚȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȚ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȐȧ, Ȑȝ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ǭȋȖ șȓțȋȈȔȐ ȐȓȐ șȗțȚȕȐȒȈȔȐ. ǵȖ ȕȐȒȚȖ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȕȍ ȖȉȔȈȕȣȊȈȍȚ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȧ șȍȉȧ ǩȖȋȖȔ. ǺȈȒȖȍ ȉȖȋȖȝțȓȤșȚȊȖ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȈșțȘȣ, Ȉ Ȑȝ ȌȍȔȖȕȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȥȚȐȝ șȈȔȖȏȊȈȕȞȍȊ ȏȈ ǩȖȋȈ ȐȓȐ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ. Ǫ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȚșȧ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȣȍ șȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȝ ǩȖȋȈ. ǵȐȒȖȋȖ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȊȈȚȤ ǩȖȋȖȔ ȐȓȐ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ, ȍșȓȐ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔȐ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȚȤ șȓțȋ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȈȘȈȊȕȍ ș ǵȐȔ ǹȈȔȐȔ. ǺȈȒȐȝ șȓțȋ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȔȐ ȐȓȐ ȚȐȘȚȝȈȔȐ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌțȦȚ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ Ȑ ȔȍșȚȖȔ. ǹȓțȋȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȗȖȉțȎȌȈȦȚ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶȕȐ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȦȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȑȝ șȈȔȐȝ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȓȐ ǩȖȋȖȔ. DzȈȒ ȧȊșȚȊțȍȚ Ȑȏ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȉȣȓ ǹȈȔȐȔ ǩȖȋȖȔ, ȕȖ ȊȣșȚțȗȈȓ Ȋ ȘȖȓȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ǩȖȋ, ȖȉȘȈȡȈȓȐșȤ Ȓ ǵȍȔț ȒȈȒ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, ȕȖ Ƕȕ ȗȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ ȏȈȚȣȒȈȓ țȠȐ Ȑ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȓ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț. Ƕȕ ȘȍȏȒȖ ȗȘȖȚȍșȚȖȊȈȓ ȗȘȖȚȐȊ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ǭȋȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȓȐ ǩȖȋȖȔ, ȝȖȚȧ Ƕȕ, Ȋȕȍ ȊșȧȒȐȝ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȑ, ȉȣȓ ǹȈȔȐȔ ǩȖȋȖȔ. ǹȊȖȐȔ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȍȘȍȋȈȓ ȕȈș ȖȚ ȉȍșșȖȊȍșȚȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȡȐȝ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ȖȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȑȝ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ǩȖȋȖȔ. ǹȓțȋȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȚȤ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȊșȧȟȍșȒȐ șȖȚȘțȌȕȐȟȈȚȤ ș ȕȐȔȐ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȎȐȚ șȓțȋȍ ǩȖȋȈ, ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȚ ǭȔț ȉȖȓȤȠȍ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ, ȟȍȔ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȎȐȚ ǹȈȔȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț. DzȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȐȌȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ǭȋȖ șȓțȋȈȔ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȌȖȓȎȕȖȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ, ȥȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ǭȔț ȉȖȓȤȠȍȍ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ, ȐȉȖ ȘȈȌȐ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǭȋȖ șȓțȋȐ ȘȐșȒțȦȚ ȊșȍȔ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȘȖȋȐ ǭȔț. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (18.69) ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȍȓȧ ǵȍȋȖ ȕȍȚ 85


86 ȕȐȒȖȋȖ ȌȖȘȖȎȍ, ȟȍȔ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ, ȘȐșȒțȧ ȊșȍȔ, ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ ǭȋȖ șȓȈȊț. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȎȐȚ șȓțȋȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȥȚȐȝ șȓțȋ, Ȑ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȔ șȓțȠȈȚȤ Ȗ șȓȈȊȍ ǩȖȋȈ. ǫȖȘȧȟȍȍ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ǩȖȋȍ - ȗȍȘȊȖȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȑȚȐ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȠȘȐȕȊȈȚȈȔ șȊȈ-ȒȈȚȝȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈȝ ȗțȕȑȈ-ȠȘȈȊȈȕȈ-ȒȐȘȚȈȕȈȝ ȝȘȐȌȑ ȈȕȚȈȝ șȚȝȖ ȝȑ ȈȉȝȈȌȘȈȕȐ ȊȐȌȝțȕȖȚȐ șțȝȘȐȚ șȈȚȈȔ ȠȘȐȕȊȈȚȈȔ - Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȓ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȤ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ; șȊȈ-ȒȈȚȝȈȝ - ǭȋȖ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ șȓȖȊȈ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈȝ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗțȕȑȈ - ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ; ȠȘȈȊȈȕȈ șȓțȠȈȧ; ȒȐȘȚȈȕȈȝ - ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȧ; ȝȘȐȌȐ ȈȕȚȈȝ șȚȝȈȝ - Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ; ȝȐ - ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ; ȈȉȝȈȌȘȈȕȐ - șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȍȑ; ȊȐȌȝțȕȖȚȐ - ȖȟȐȡȈȍȚ; șțȝȘȐȚ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȍȚȍȓȤ; șȈȚȈȔ - ȗȘȈȊȌȐȊȣȝ. ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ - ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ (ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ) Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȍȚȍȓȤ ȟȍșȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ - ȖȟȐȡȈȍȚ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȚ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȘȈȏȊȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȤ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣ șȈȔȐ ȗȖ șȍȉȍ, ȍșȓȐ Ȑȝ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ șȓțȠȈȦȚ Ȑ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȦȚ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖșȓȈȕȐȧ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ ȖȚ ǵȍȋȖ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȋȌȍ ȉȣ ȕȐ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȓȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ȉȍȏ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȑ ȕȐ șȓțȠȈȓȐ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ǵȍȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊțȍȚ ȚȈȔ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȊțȒȈ, șȚȖȓȤ Ȏȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ Ȑ Ƕȕ ǹȈȔ. ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț Ȋ șȊȖȍȑ «ȀȐȒȠȈȠȚȈȒȍ» ȕȍȌȊțșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ șȊȧȚȖȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȊșȍȔȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȕȈȌȍȓȐȓ Ȋșȍ ǹȊȖȐ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȐȔȍȕȈ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȣȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ. ǵȍȚ șȚȘȖȋȖ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ Ȍȓȧ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȧ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ, Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ș ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍȔ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ Ȋ țȌȖȉȕȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȚȖȓȤ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊ, ȟȚȖ ȓȐȟȕȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȈȔ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȊțȒȈ, ȕȖ, Ȓ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȤȦ, ȕȈș ȕȍ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȍȚ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȐȔȍȕ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ. Ǵȣ țȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȐ Ȗ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȐ ȊȒțșȈ Ȓ șȓțȠȈȕȐȦ Ȑ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȦ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȏȊțȒȈ. Ƕȕ ȘȈȏȊȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȟȐșȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȚȊȍȟȈȍȚ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ȊȏȈȐȔȕȖșȚȤȦ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȊȐȌȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȋȖȘȐȚ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍȔ șȓțȠȈȚȤ Ȗ ǵȍȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ ȊȕțȚȘȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȓȍȋȒȖ ȔȖȋ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǵȍȔț. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤ ȕȈș Ȋ ǹȊȖȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ șȐȓȤȕȍȍ, ȟȍȔ Ȕȣ șȈȔȐ ȔȖȎȍȔ ȚȖȋȖ ȎȍȓȈȚȤ. ǩȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ Ȑȏ ȕȈș ȊȖȖȉȡȍ ȕȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǽȖȚȧȚ ȓȐȠȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȐȍ, Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț, ȒȚȖ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȥȚȖȔț, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȊșȧȟȍșȒȐ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȖȑȚȐ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȖȒȈ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȕȍ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȋȘȍȝȐ - ȥȚȖ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȕȈȠȐȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈȌ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ. ǶȚ ȥȚȐȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ. ǮȍȕȡȐȕȣ Ȑ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔȐ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȧȔȐ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ 86


87 ǩȖȋț. ǴȕȖȋȐȍ șȚȖȑȒȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȗȈȓȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȑ ȥȚȐȝ șȖȉȓȈȏȕȖȊ Ȑ șȖȠȓȐ ș ȗțȚȐ, ȊȍȌțȡȍȋȖ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ. ǵȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȖȔț ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȗȖ ǭȋȖ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȓȍȋȒȖ ȗȘȍȖȌȖȓȍȊȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȐ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȔ ȗțȚȐ. ǵȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, șȖȗȘȐȒȈșȈȦȡȐȑ șȧ ș ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ, șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑȕȣȔ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȒȈȎȌȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș ȥȚȐȔ ȐȏȌȈȊȕȈ - ȜȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ș ȕȍȏȈȗȈȔȧȚȕȣȝ ȊȘȍȔȍȕ, Ȑ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȟțȎȍȘȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ, ȚȘȍȉțȍȚșȧ ȊȘȍȔȧ. ǵȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȠȈȍȚ Ȗ șȓȈȊȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȍȚ șȊȖȍ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ǴȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȗȖȓțȟȈȍȚ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ șȐȓ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȋȘȈȌȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ ȖȚ ȥȚȐȝ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊ, Ȑ șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ ȍȋȖ țȔ ȗȖȒȐȌȈȦȚ Ȋșȍ ȚȘȍȊȖȋȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȕȈȠȚȈ-ȗȘȈȑȍȠȊ ȈȉȝȈȌȘȍȠț ȕȐȚȑȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-șȍȊȈȑȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȑ țȚȚȈȔȈ-ȠȓȖȒȍ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȘ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȐ ȕȈȐȠȚȝȐȒȐ ȕȈȠȚȈ - ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȖ; ȗȘȈȑȍȠț - ȗȖȟȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȈȉȝȈȌȘȍȠț - Ȋșȍ ȕȍȉȓȈȋȖȗȘȐȧȚȕȖȍ; ȕȐȚȑȈȔ - ȘȍȋțȓȧȘȕȣȔ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ - «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȐȓȐ ȟȐșȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț; șȍȊȈȑȈ - șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; țȚȚȈȔȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ; ȠȓȖȒȍ - ȔȖȓȐȚȊȣ; ȉȝȈȒȚȐȝ - ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ; ȉȝȈȊȈȚȐ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ; ȕȈȐȠȚȝȐȒȐ - ȕȍȗȘȍȓȖȎȕȖȍ. ǩȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȘȍȋțȓȧȘȕȖȔț ȗȖșȍȡȍȕȐȦ ȓȍȒȞȐȑ ȗȖ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȟȐșȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȊȣȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȚȘȍȊȖȋț Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ, ȗȖȟȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚșȧ, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȍȔȖȔț Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȗȍșȕȧȝ, șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȕȍȖȉȘȈȚȐȔȣȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǯȌȍșȤ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȍȚșȧ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖ, ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ țșȚȘȈȕȐȚȤ Ȑȏ șȍȘȌȞȈ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȔȍȠȈȍȚ ȗȘȖȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȦ ȕȖ ȗțȚȐ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ȅȚȖ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖ - ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ ș ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔȐ. ǭșȚȤ ȌȊȈ ȚȐȗȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ: ȒȕȐȋȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ. ǶȉȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȣ - ȌȍȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈ, Ȑ Ȑȝ ȖȉȖȐȝ ȐȓȐ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ Ȋ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȊȗȖȓȕȍ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țșȚȘȈȕȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȧ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ Ȑ ȒȕȐȋȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ» ȜȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑ ȚȖ Ȏȍ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ șȚȘȖȐȚ șȊȖȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȗȖ ȒȕȐȋȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȍ», ȐȏȖȉȐȓțȦȡȍȑ șȊȍȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ. DzȕȐȋȈ Ȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ ȌȘțȋ ȌȘțȋț. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ - ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȤ ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȍ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȍ ȒȕȐȋȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ». ǿȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȐȔ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, șȓțȎȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȍ ȐȓȐ ȒȕȐȋȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ», ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȖȌȊȐȋȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǵȖ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȍȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȉȣȓ șȣȕȖȔ șȓțȎȈȕȒȐ, ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ. ǭȋȖ ȔȈȚȤ ȗȘȐșȓțȎȐȊȈȓȈ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔ, Ȑ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ Ȗȕ ȚȖȎȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȒȖȔȐȓșȧ ș ȕȐȔȐ. ǰ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ țȎȍ ȖȌȕȖȔț ȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ, șȣȕ șȓțȎȈȕȒȐ, ȖȉȡȈȓșȧ ș ȕȐȔȐ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȓ ȖșȚȈȚȒȐ ȗȐȡȐ, ȖȚȊȍȌȈȕȕȖȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ 87


88 ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ șȚȈȚȤ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ - ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȍȊȖȑ. ǺȈȒȖȊȣ ȟțȌȍșȕȣȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ș ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔȐ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȒȈȒ ȖȕȖ ȊȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ, ȕțȎȕȖ ȖȚȔȍȚȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍȍ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ ș ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔȐ ȋȈȘȈȕȚȐȘțȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. Ǩ ȥȚȖ, Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ, ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǷȖ ȔȍȘȍ ȗȘȖȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȣ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ ȒȕȐȋȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ» ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȉȣȚȤ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȧȚȣ ȖȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȣ, Ȑ șȖȟȍȚȈȕȐȍ ȥȚȐȝ ȌȊțȝ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ ȗȖȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔțȕȍȖȜȐȚț țșȗȍȠȕȖ ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȚȈȌȈ ȘȈȌȎȈș-ȚȈȔȖ-ȉȝȈȊȈȝ ȒȈȔȈ-ȓȖȉȝȈȌȈȑȈȠ ȟȈ ȑȍ ȟȍȚȈ ȥȚȈȐȘ ȈȕȈȊȐȌȌȝȈȔ șȚȝȐȚȈȔ șȈȚȚȊȍ ȗȘȈșȐȌȈȚȐ ȚȈȌȈ - ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȘȈȌȎȈȝ - Ȋ ȋțȕȍ șȚȘȈșȚȐ; ȚȈȔȈȝ - Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ; ȉȝȈȊȈȝ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ; ȒȈȔȈ - ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ; ȓȖȉȝȈ - ȈȓȟȕȖșȚȤ; ȈȌȈȑȈȝ - ȌȘțȋȐȍ; ȟȈ Ȑ; ȑȍ - ȓȦȉȣȍ; ȟȍȚȈȝ - țȔ; ȥȚȈȐȝ - ȥȚȐȔȐ; ȈȕȈȊȐȌȌȝȈȔ - ȕȍ ȏȈȚȘȖȕțȚȣȑ; șȚȝȐȚȈȔ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; șȈȚȚȊȍ - Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ; ȗȘȈșȐȌȈȚȐ - ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȍȚșȧ. DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȕȈȊȍȟȕȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, Ȋșȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȋțȕ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ: ȗȖȝȖȚȤ, ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧ Ȑ șȚȘȈșȚȐ - ȗȖȒȐȌȈȦȚ șȍȘȌȞȍ. ǺȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ șȊȖȍȔ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȖ. ǺȈȒȖȍ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ ȉȣȚȐȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȈ ȐȓȐ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȕȌȐ - șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ șȈȔȖțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ȅȚȈ șȈȔȖțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖșȚȤȦ ȉȍȏȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȋȓțȗȞȈ. ǩȍȏȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȋȓțȗȍȞ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȚțȗȖȋȖ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, Ȉ șȈȔȖțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȕȌȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȉȣȚȐȦ. ȅȚȖȑ șȚȈȌȐȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ ȚȖȋȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȈȊȍȟȕȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ - ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȈșșȐȊȕȖșȚȤ, Ȉ ȟȐșȚȈȧ, ȉȍșȗȘȐȔȍșȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȌțȠȐ. ǬȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȌțȠȐ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȧ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȍȑ, Ȑ ȚȈȒȈȧ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȕȈȧ, ȉȖȓȍȏȕȍȕȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȌțȠȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȧ, ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ, șȚȘȈșȚȍȑ, ȗȈșșȐȊȕȖșȚȐ, ȋȓțȗȖșȚȐ Ȑ șȕȈ. ǪȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊȣȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑȏ-ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖȌȊȐȋȈȍȚșȧ ȌȈȓȤȠȍ, ȗȖȌȕȐȔȈȧșȤ ȌȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȣ - șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧ ȉȍșȗȘȐȔȍșȕȖȑ șȈȚȚȊȣ, ȐȓȐ ȠțȌȌȝȈ-șȈȚȚȊȣ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȠțȌȌȝȈ-șȈȚȚȊȣ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȔȖȎȕȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȊȖȖȟȐȦ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ DzȘȐȠȕț. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȉȍșȗȘȐȔȍșȕȖȑ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȕȐȒȖȔț ȕȍ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȚ ȊȘȍȌȈ. Ǩ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, șȒȖȓȤ ȉȣ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȔ Ȗȕ ȕȐ ȉȣȓ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ 88


89 ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȊȘȍȌ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ȕȍ ȌȊȐȎȍȚ ȕȐ ȋȓțȗȖșȚȤ, ȕȐ șȚȘȈșȚȤ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍșȍȚ ȏȓȖ, ȒȚȖ ȋȓțȗ Ȑ ȒȍȔ ȌȊȐȎȍȚ șȚȘȈșȚȤ, ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȝȖȚȧ ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȣȌȈȊȈȚȤ șȍȉȧ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕ ȊșȍȔȐ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȧȔȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ȅȚȐ șȊȖȑșȚȊȈ ȔȖȋțȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȈȚȤșȧ ȒȖȓȐȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ ȔȍȎȌț ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ȕȍȚ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȥȊȈȔ ȗȘȈșȈȕȕȈ-ȔȈȕȈșȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈȚȈȝ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȊȐȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȔțȒȚȈ-șȈȕȋȈșȑȈ ȌȎȈȑȈȚȍ ȥȊȈȔ - ȚȈȒ; ȗȘȈșȈȕȕȈ - ȖȎȐȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ; ȔȈȕȈșȈȝ - țȔȖȔ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ-ȉȝȈȒȚȐ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȑȖȋȈȚȈȝ - ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȦ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ - Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȚȈȚȚȊȈ - ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȊȐȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ - ȕȈțȟȕȖȍ; ȔțȒȚȈ - ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ; șȈȕȋȈșȑȈ - ȖȚ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ; ȌȎȈȑȈȚȍ - ȘȍȈȓȐȏțȍȚșȧ. ǺȈȒ, țȚȊȍȘȌȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȉȍșȗȘȐȔȍșȕȖȑ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȟȍȑ țȔ ȖȎȐȊȓȍȕ șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȍȔ ș ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȗȖȏȐȚȐȊȕȖȍ ȕȈțȟȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȈ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȖȚ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (7.3) ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȑȏ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ Țȣșȧȟ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȌȐȕ țȌȈȟȓȐȊȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț. ǩȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖȔ Ȏȍ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȋțȕȣ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, Ȑ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȖȝȊȈȟȍȕȣ ȊȖȎȌȍȓȍȕȐȍȔ, ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧȔȐ, șȚȘȈșȚȧȔȐ ȐȓȐ ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕȣ Ȋ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ Ȑ șȖȕ. ǰȏ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȈ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȕȈȑȌȍȚșȧ ȍȌȊȈ ȓȐ ȖȌȐȕ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȐȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȖȏȕȈȍȚ ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț șȚȈȘȈȍȚșȧ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȑ, ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȧ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ. Ǩ Ȑȏ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ Țȣșȧȟ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȗțȚȍȔ ȌȖȉȐȓȐșȤ țșȗȍȝȈ Ȋ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȍȌȊȈ ȓȐ ȖȌȐȕ ȖȉȘȍȚȍȚ ȕȈțȟȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. ǺȈȔ Ȏȍ, Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (18.55), ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȕȈțȒț Ȗ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ (ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȐ). ǬȈȕȕȣȑ șȚȐȝ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ǵȐ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȕȐ ȌȈȎȍ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȌȖȉȐȓșȧ țșȗȍȝȈ Ȋ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȕȈțȟȕȖȍ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǹȌȍȓȈȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȚȖȋȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȖȑȔȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ Ȗȕ ȍșȚȤ Ȍțȝ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȍȑ, Ȗȕ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȖȚȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ șȊȖȐȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ țșȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȑ Ȑ ȖȎȐȊȈȍȚ ȒȈȒ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǺȈȒȖȑ țșȗȍȝ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ ȚȖȋȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈȌ ȋțȕȈȔȐ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, ȐȓȐ, ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ - ȥȚȖ ȖȓȐȞȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ șȈȚȚȊȈȋțȕȣ, ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ. Ǩ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ - Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ, - ȥȚȖ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ, ȊȈȑȠȤȐ, ȠțȌȘȣ ȐȓȐ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȐȎȍ ȠțȌȘ. ǹȚțȗȍȕȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ - ȊȣșȠȈȧ șȚțȗȍȕȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȔȕȖȋȐȔȐ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȧȔȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȍȓȤȏȧ șȚȈȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȕȍ ȖȉȘȍȚȧ, ȗȖ ȒȘȈȑȕȍȑ ȔȍȘȍ, ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ǷȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ țȎȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ. ǵȖ ȥȚȖ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌȍȓ: ȒȈȒ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ ȊȣȠȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ 89


90 ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ, ȚȈȒȖȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȚȈȚȤ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȐȔ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ. ǿȐșȚȣȑ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊ - ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ, Ȑ Ȗȕ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ ȌȈȎȍ Ȓ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȦ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ǵȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȍ ȌȈȎȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ț ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊțȍȚ ȕȈțȟȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ, ȝȖȚȧ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȐȓȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, DzȘȐȠȕț, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȚȐ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȣ. ǵȈțȒȈ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ - ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ «ȈșȗȐȘȈȕȚțȘȍ». ǵȍȌȈȓȍȒȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ șȖ șȒțȌȕȣȔ ȏȈȗȈșȖȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ ȕȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȦȚ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȚȖȓȒțȦȚ Ȗ DzȘȐȠȕȍ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȕȈ șȊȖȑ ȓȈȌ. ǵȖ ȜȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ Ȋ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȕȈțȒț Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȌȖ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ, ȗȖȒȈ ȕȍ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚșȧ ȖȚ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȋțȕ, ȌȈȎȍ ȕȈ țȘȖȊȕȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȒȊȈȓȐȜȐȞȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȔ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȕțȊ ȗȘȖșȊȍȚȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ, Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ țȏȕȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȉȝȐȌȑȈȚȍ ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈ-ȋȘȈȕȚȝȐȠ ȟȝȐȌȑȈȕȚȍ șȈȘȊȈ-șȈȔȠȈȑȈȝ ȒȠȐȑȈȕȚȍ ȟȈșȑȈ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ ȌȘȐȠȚȈ ȥȊȈȚȔȈȕȐȠȊȈȘȍ ȉȝȐȌȑȈȚȍ - ȘȈȏȘțȉȓȍȕ; ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈ - șȍȘȌȞȍ; ȋȘȈȕȚȝȐȝ - țȏȓȣ; ȟȝȐȌȑȈȕȚȍ ȘȈȏȘțȉȈȦȚșȧ; șȈȘȊȈ - Ȋșȍ; șȈȔȠȈȑȈȝ - șȖȔȕȍȕȐȧ; ȒȠȐȑȈȕȚȍ - ȒȖȕȟȈȍȚșȧ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȈșȑȈ - ȍȋȖ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ - ȞȍȗȤ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȌȘȐȠȚȍ - țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȥȊȈ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȚȔȈȕȐ - ȌțȠȍ; ȐȠȊȈȘȍ - ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊțȦȡȐȑ. ǺȈȒ ȘȈȏȘțȉȈȍȚșȧ țȏȍȓ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ Ȑ ȊȌȘȍȉȍȏȋȐ ȘȈȏȉȐȊȈȦȚșȧ Ȋșȍ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȧ. ǾȍȗȤ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȖȉȘȣȊȈȍȚșȧ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȊȐȌȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕȖȔ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȌțȠȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȕȈțȟȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ - ȏȕȈȟȐȚ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ șȍȉȧ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȝ ȗȖșȚȘȖȍȕȐȑ Ȑ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȑ ȗȖ ȗȖȊȖȌț ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȣ ȕȍ ȊȍȘȧȚ Ȋ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ «ȧ», Ȉ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȣ-ȥȔȗȐȘȐȒȐ ȊȍȘȧȚ Ȋ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ ȈșȗȍȒȚ ȍȌȐȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȈ, ȖȚȘȐȞȈȧ ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ Ȏȍ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȌțȠȈ Ȑ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ - ȌȊȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ șțȡȕȖșȚȐ, ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȣȍ, ȕȖ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȦȡȐȍșȧ Ȋ ȒȖȓȐȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ. ǭșȚȤ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȚȍȖȘȐȐ, ȕȖ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ ȘȈȏȕȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ȐȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȕȖ ȐșȟȍȏȈȦȚ, ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȖȞȍșș ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȐ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȔț ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȦ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȗȖȌȖȉȍȕ șȖȓȕȞț, Ȉ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȍ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ - ȕȖȟȕȖȑ ȚȤȔȍ. DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȊȖșȝȖȌȐȚ șȖȓȕȞȍ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȔȘȈȒ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȝ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȑ Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȝ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȕȖ ȘȈșșȍȐȊȈȍȚșȧ. ǺȈȔ, ȋȌȍ ȍșȚȤ șȖȓȕȞȍ, ȕȍȚ ȔȍșȚȈ ȚȤȔȍ, Ȑ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȐșȚȐȕȣ, șȖȒȘȣȚȣȍ ȊȖ ȔȘȈȒȍ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, ȖȚȟȍȚȓȐȊȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȒȈȒ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ . Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (10.11) ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ, ȎȍȓȈȧ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȚȤ ȖșȖȉțȦ ȉȓȈȋȖșȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, Ƕȕ ǹȈȔ ȘȈșșȍȐȊȈȍȚ ȋțșȚȖȑ ȔȘȈȒ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȑ, ȏȈȎȐȋȈȧ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȊȍȚȐȓȤȕȐȒ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. Ǩ ȘȈȏ țȎ ǹȈȔȈ 90


91 dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȖșȊȍȡȈȍȚ șȍȘȌȞȍ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȕȣȑ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖșȚȈȊȈȚȤșȧ ȊȖ ȔȘȈȒȍ. Ƕȕ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ Ȑ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȐșȚȐȕȣ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖșȚȈȊȈȚȤșȧ ȊȖ ȔȘȈȒȍ, Ȑ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȍȋȖ ȗȘȖșȊȍȡȈȍȚ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȍȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȘȈȏțȔȍȍȚșȧ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ. ȅȚȖȋȖ ȓȐȠȍȕȣ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȘȈșșțȎȌȈȍȚ Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ, ȖȗȐȘȈȧșȤ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ. ǹȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȈȘȈȔȗȈȘȖȑ - ȌȍȌțȒȚȐȊȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ, ȕȐșȝȖȌȧȡȐȔ ȖȚ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȈ Ȓ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȦȡȍȔț, ȟȤȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ȌȍȓȈȦȚ ȍȋȖ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȔ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǵȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȉȘȖșȈȚȤ ȊȣȏȖȊ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚț ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȋȖ Ȑ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȖȏȕȈȊȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ. Ƕȕ șȖȝȘȈȕȧȍȚ ȏȈ ǹȖȉȖȑ ȗȘȈȊȖ ȕȍ ȘȈșȒȘȣȊȈȚȤ ǹȍȉȧ ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȖȑ ȐșȒȖȘȒȍ ȞȍȓȖȋȖ, ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȍȑșȧ Ȓ ǵȍȔț ș ȊȣȏȖȊȖȔ, ȐșȒȖȘȒȍ, ȗȖȗȈȊȠȍȑ ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȗȖșȓțȠȕȣ ǭȔț, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȖȚ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȓ ǩȘȈȝȔȍ, Ȉ ȖȚ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ - Ȓ ȍȋȖ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔ Ȑ țȟȍȕȐȒȈȔ ȗȖ ȞȍȗȐ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ȅȚȖȔț ȗȘȖȞȍșșț șȗȖșȖȉșȚȊțȍȚ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ, ȗȖȔȖȋȈȦȡȈȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ȐȏȕțȚȘȐ. ǺȈȒȖȊ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȕȈțȒȐ. ǷȘȖșȊȍȚȓȍȕȐȍ ȌȈȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕțȦ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȚȤ Ȍțȝ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȈȏȊȧȏȣȊȈȍȚ țȏȍȓ ȌțȝȈ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. ȅȚȖȚ țȏȍȓ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȈȝȈȕȒȈȘȈ, Ȑ Ȗȕ ȗȖȕțȎȌȈȍȚ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȠȐȉȖȟȕȖ ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȧȚȤ șȍȉȧ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȍȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȥȚȖȚ țȏȍȓ ȘȈȏȊȧȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ, ȚțȟȐ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȑ ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ ȘȈșșȍȐȊȈȦȚșȧ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȊȐȌȐȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȖȉȘȣȊȈȧ ȞȍȗȤ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ șȖȏȌȈȍȚ șȊȖȦ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȞȍȗȤ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȏȈ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ ȗȖȎȐȕȈȍȚ ȗȓȖȌȣ șȊȖȐȝ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȝ Ȑ ȌțȘȕȣȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ. ǵȖ șȚȖȐȚ ȍȔț ȗȘȐșȚțȗȐȚȤ Ȓ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȒȈȒ ȖȕȖ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȑȏ Ȟȍȗȍȑ ȒȈȘȔȣ. ǭȋȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȍ ȊȓȍȒțȚ ȏȈ șȖȉȖȑ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȈȚȖ ȊȈȐ ȒȈȊȈȑȖ ȕȐȚȑȈȔ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȔ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȑȈ ȔțȌȈ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ ȒțȘȊȈȕȚȑ ȈȚȔȈ-ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȕȐȔ ȈȚȈȝ - ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȊȈȐ - ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ; ȒȈȊȈȑȈȝ - Ȋșȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ; ȕȐȚȑȈȔ - ș ȕȍȏȈȗȈȔȧȚȕȣȝ ȊȘȍȔȍȕ; ȉȝȈȒȚȐȔ - șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȗȈȘȈȔȈȑȈ - ȊȣșȠȍȍ; ȔțȌȈ - ș ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ - ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȒțȘȊȈȕȚȐ - ȕȍșțȚ; ȈȚȔȈ - ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ; ȗȘȈșȈȌȈȕȐȔ - ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖȎȐȊȓȧȍȚ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ș ȕȍȏȈȗȈȔȧȚȕȣȝ ȊȘȍȔȍȕ Ȋșȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ ș ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț DzȘȐȠȕȍ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȐȉȖ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȖȎȐȊȓȧȍȚ ȌțȠț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȗȖȌȟȍȘȒȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ - șȊȈȑȈȔȘțȗȈ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȉ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȧ șȖ ȀȘȐ ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȣ, ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȣ, ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, ǨȕȐȘțȌȌȝȐ, ǷȘȈȌȑțȔȕȣ Ȑ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȣ Ȑ ȊȗȓȖȚȤ ȌȖ ȗțȘțȠȈȈȊȈȚȈȘ, ȋțȕȈ-ȈȊȈȚȈȘ, ȓȐȓȈ-ȈȊȈȚȈȘ, ȑțȋȈ-ȈȊȈȚȈȘ Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ Țȣșȧȟ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȑ 91


92 dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ Ȑ șȖșȚȈȊȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐȞȣ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȍșȚȤ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ƕȕ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȍȕ Ȍȓȧ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȐȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȖȊ, țȟȈșȚȊțȦȡȐȝ Ȋ ǭȋȖ Ȋȍȟȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ, ȟȍȔ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȖȟȐȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ. ǹ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȜȖȘȔȈȔȐ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ (ȒȘȖȔȍ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ Ȑ ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȣ) ȚȈȒȐȍ ȉȓȐȏȒȐȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, ȒȈȒ Țȍ, ȟȚȖ ȉȣȓȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȣ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȖ ǪȘȈȌȎȈȉȝțȔȐ, ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣ. ǪȖȗȘȍȒȐ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȕȍȘȈȏțȔȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȕȍ ȍșȚȤ ȕȍȟȚȖ ȕȍȌȈȊȕȖ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȕȖȍ - ǭȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȧ Ȋȍȟȕȣ, Ȑ Ȋ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȖȌȐȕ ȘȈȏ Ȋ ȌȍȕȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȌȎȐ, ȖȕȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ șȖȓȕȞț, ȊȖșȝȖȌȧȡȍȔț ȕȈ ȊȖșȚȖȒȍ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȒȈȎȌȣȍ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȟȈșȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 șȈȚȚȊȈȔ ȘȈȌȎȈș ȚȈȔȈ ȐȚȐ ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȍȘ ȋțȕȈș ȚȈȐȘ ȑțȒȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȝ ȗțȘțȠȈ ȥȒȈ ȐȝȈșȑȈ ȌȝȈȚȚȍ șȚȝȐȚȑ-ȈȌȈȑȍ ȝȈȘȐ-ȊȐȘȐȕȟȐ-ȝȈȘȍȚȐ șȈȔȌȎȕȈȝ ȠȘȍȑȈȔșȐ ȚȈȚȘȈ ȒȝȈȓț șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȚȈȕȖȘ ȕȘȐȕȈȔ șȑțȝ șȈȚȚȊȈȔ - ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȤ; ȘȈȌȎȈȝ - șȚȘȈșȚȤ; ȚȈȔȈȝ - ȔȘȈȒ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ; ȐȚȐ - ȚȈȒ; ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȍȝ - ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȋțȕȈȝ - ȋțȕȣ; ȚȈȐȝ - ș ȕȐȔȐ; ȑțȒȚȈȝ șȖȗȘȐȒȈșȈȦȡȐȑșȧ; ȗȈȘȈȝ - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ; ȗțȘțȠȈȝ - ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ; ȥȒȈȝ - ȖȌȕȈ; ȐȝȈ ȈșȑȈ - ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ; ȌȝȈȚȚȍ - ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ; șȚȝȐȚȐ-ȈȌȈȑȍ - Ȍȓȧ șȖȏȌȈȕȐȧ, ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ, ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȧ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ.; ȝȈȘȐ - ǪȐȠȕț, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȊȐȘȐȕȟȐ - ǩȘȈȝȔȈ; ȝȈȘȈ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ; ȐȚȐ - ȚȈȒ; șȈȔȌȎȕȈȝ - ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȈșȗȍȒȚȣ; ȠȘȍȑȈȔșȐ - ȕȈȐȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȚȈȚȘȈ - Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ; ȒȝȈȓț - ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ; șȈȚȚȊȈ - ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȤ; ȚȈȕȖȝ - ȜȖȘȔȈ; ȕȘȐȕȈȔ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ; șȑțȝ - ȐȏȊȓȍȒȈȍȚ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ șȊȧȏȈȕȈ ș ȚȘȍȔȧ ȋțȕȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ: șȚȘȈșȚȤȦ, ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖȔ, Ȑ ȓȐȠȤ Ȍȓȧ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȥȚȐȝ ȚȘȍȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȜȖȘȔȣ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ǪȐȠȕț Ȑ ȀȐȊȣ. ǰȏ ȥȚȐȝ ȚȘȍȝ ȕȈȐȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȓȦȌȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȖȚ ǪȐȠȕț, ȜȖȘȔȣ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȣȠȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȓȖșȤ, ȟȚȖ ȕțȎȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȡȍȔțșȧ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ, Ȑ ȏȌȍșȤ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ - ȥȚȖ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȖȋ. ǯȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȈ, ȏȈ ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȖȑ - ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȈ, ȏȈ ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȖȑ - ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ, ȏȈ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȖȑ - ȊȚȖȘȖȑ ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȈ, Ȉ ȏȈ ȥȚȐȔ ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȖȑ - ȗțȘțȠȈ-ȈȊȈȚȈȘȣ ǪȐȠȕț. ǪȐȠȕț, ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗțȘțȠȈ-ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȈȧ DzȠȐȘȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț ȐȓȐ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȖȑ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈ - ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȘȈȌȎȈșȈ (șȚȘȈșȚȐ), Ȉ ȀȐȊȈ - ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǩȓȈȋȖșȚȤ ǪȐȠȕț ȌȍȓȈȍȚ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ, Ȉ ȜțȕȒȞȐȦ ȘȈȏȘțȠȐȚȍȓȧ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȍȚ ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȚȈȕȌȈȊȈ-ȕȘȐȚȑȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȣ Ȑ ȋȓțȗȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ, șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ǩȘȈȝȔȍ Ȑ ȀȐȊȍ. ǵȖ ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ - ǪȐȠȕț Ȋ ǭȋȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȖȉȓȐȒȈȝ. ǪȐȠȕț ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȈȝ Ȑ ȔȐȓȓȐȈȘȌȈȝ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȕȍȖȚȌȍȓȐȔȣȝ Ȑ ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȜȖȘȔ. ǵȍȖȚȌȍȓȐȔȣȍ 92


93 ȜȖȘȔȣ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ǩȖȋȖȔ, Ȉ ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ - ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȌȎȐȊȈȔȐ. ǻ ȌȎȐȊ Ȑ ț ǩȖȋȈ ȍșȚȤ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ. ǬȎȐȊȣ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȗȖȗȈȌȈȦȚ ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȕȖ ȜȖȘȔȣ ǪȐȠȕț ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȊȓȈșȚȊțȦȚ ȕȈȌ ȥȚȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ. ȇȊȓȧȧ ǹȍȉȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ǪȐȠȕț, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȍșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ȅȚȐ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȗȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȎȍȓȈȧ ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈȌ ȕȐȔ, Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȟȍȋȖ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȏȈȗȈȌȕȍ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǺȈȒ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȔȍȕȧȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȉȖȓȖȟȒȐ, ȖȚȉȣȊȈȧ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ șȘȖȒȐ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ țșȓȖȊȐȧȝ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȧ Ȋ ȚȦȘȤȔȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ȅȚȈ ȚȦȘȤȔȈ șȖȏȌȈȍȚșȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȖȑ ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȉ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȈȓȗȣ ȖȕȈ ȘȈȏȘțȠȈȍȚșȧ ȀȐȊȖȑ. ǵȖ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ ȚȦȘȤȔȣ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȐȊȈȍȚ ǪȐȠȕț, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȚȖȔț, ȒȈȒ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȚȦȘȤȔȣ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȏȈȚȖȟȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȖȋȖ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȦȡȐȝșȧ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȑ, șȔȍȘȚȍȑ, ȉȖȓȍȏȕȍȑ Ȑ șȚȈȘȖșȚȐ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ Ȍȓȧ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț. ǷȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț ȔȖȎȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǭȔț. ǺȖȚ Ȏȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȋ ȚȦȘȤȔȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȘȈȌȐ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȓȍȋȟȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȖșȐȚȤ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ țȌȖȉșȚȊ ț ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ - ȀȐȊȣ, ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ǰȕȌȘȣ Ȑ ǪȈȘțȕȣ. ǵȖ ȕȐ ȖȌȐȕ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ Ȑȏ ȚȍȔȕȐȞȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ȅȚȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǪȐȠȕț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǪȐȠȕț, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 24 ȗȈȘȚȝȐȊȈȌ ȌȈȘțȕȖ ȌȝțȔȈș ȚȈșȔȈȌ ȈȋȕȐș ȚȘȈȑȐȔȈȑȈȝ ȚȈȔȈșȈș Țț ȘȈȌȎȈș ȚȈșȔȈȚ șȈȚȚȊȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ ȗȈȘȚȝȐȊȈȚ - Ȑȏ ȏȍȔȓȐ; ȌȈȘțȕȈȝ - ȌȘȖȊȈ; ȌȝțȔȈȝ - ȌȣȔ; ȚȈșȔȈȚ - Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ; ȈȋȕȐȝ ȖȋȕȍȔ; ȚȘȈȑȐ - ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȔȈȑȈȝ - șȖșȚȖȧȚ; ȚȈȔȈșȈȝ - Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ; Țț - ȕȖ; ȘȈȌȎȈȝ - ȋțȕȈ șȚȘȈșȚȐ; ȚȈșȔȈȚ - Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ; șȈȚȚȊȈȔ - ȋțȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ; ȑȈȚ - ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ - ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ; ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ - ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǬȘȖȊȈ - ȥȚȖ ȏȍȔȓȧ Ȋ ȗȘȍȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȔ ȊȐȌȍ, ȕȖ ȌȣȔ ȓțȟȠȍ șȣȘȖȋȖ ȌȍȘȍȊȈ. Ǩ ȖȋȖȕȤ ȍȡȍ ȓțȟȠȍ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ș ȍȋȖ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȉȓȈȋȈ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ [ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ]. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, șȚȘȈșȚȤ [ȘȈȌȎȈș] ȓțȟȠȍ, ȟȍȔ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ [ȚȈȔȈș], ȕȖ ȓțȟȠȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȤ [șȈȚȚȊȈ], ȐȉȖ ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȒ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȓȖșȤ ȊȣȠȍ, ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖșȚȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ Ȏȍ șȚȐȝȍ ȌȖȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ: ȟȚȖȉȣ șȚȈȚȤ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȌȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ (șȈȚȚȊȣ). ǵȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȧ, ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȦȡȐȍșȧ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȔ ȗțȚȐ, ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȌȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ șȈȚȚȊȣ ȌȈȎȍ ș țȘȖȊȕȧ ȚȈȔȈșȈ, ȍșȓȐ ȐȔ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌȐȚ ȖȗȣȚȕȣȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍ ȝȖȟȍȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤșȧ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȖȗȣȚȕȖȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ. Ǩ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ 93


94 șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȊȍșȚȐ țȟȍȕȐȒȈ ș ȓȦȉȖȋȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȎȐȏȕȐ: ȚȈȔȈșȈ, ȘȈȌȎȈșȈ ȐȓȐ șȈȚȚȊȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȍȊȍȘȕȖ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ȓȦȉȖȔț ȒȈȟȍșȚȊț ȐȓȐ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ. Ǫșȍ ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ, ȏȈ ȐșȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȍȔ ǪȐȠȕț, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ, ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȧșȤ țșȓȖȊȐȧȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, Ȑ, șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȥȚȐ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȕȐȒȖȔț ȕȍ ȗȖȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȌȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ șȈȚȚȊȣ - ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ, ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȦȡȍȋȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǵȍȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ, ȎȐȏȕȤ ȕȐȏȠȐȝ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, ȒȖȕȚȘȖȓȐȘțȍȚșȧ ȚȈȔȈ-ȋțȕȖȑ. ǾȐȊȐȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ, Ȍȓȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȕȈ șȚȘȈșȚȤ ȒȖ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȋȈȔ, ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȕȈ țȘȖȊȕȍ ȘȈȌȎȈșȈ. ǸȈȌȎȈș ȌȈȍȚ ȚȖȕȒțȦ ȗțȚȍȊȖȌȕțȦ ȕȐȚȤ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȝ șȍȕȚȐȔȍȕȚȖȊ Ȋ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȐ, ȐșȒțșșȚȊȍ Ȑ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȍ Ȋ șȖȟȍȚȈȕȐȐ ș ȔȖȘȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ Ȑ ȥȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ Ȓ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, ȕȖ șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȋțȕȈ - ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȣșȖȒȈȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ șȚȈȌȐȧ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȕțȊ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȈ ȔȍȎȌț ȘȈȏȕȣȔȐ ȔȍȚȖȌȈȔȐ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȔȍȎȌț ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȈȔȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ ȊȖȏȕȈȋȘȈȎȌȈȦȚ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȍ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȈ: ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ǪȐȠȕț Ȑ ǽȈȘȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 ȉȝȍȌȎȐȘȍ ȔțȕȈȑȖ 'ȚȝȈȋȘȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȚȈȔ ȈȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȈȔ șȈȚȚȊȈȔ ȊȐȠțȌȌȝȈȔ ȒȠȍȔȈȑȈ ȒȈȓȗȈȕȚȍ ȑȍ 'ȕț ȚȈȕ ȐȝȈ ȉȝȍȌȎȐȘȍ - ȕȍșȓȐ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ; ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ - ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; ȈȚȝȈ - ȚȈȒ; ȈȋȘȍ - ȗȘȍȎȌȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȚȈȔ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȈȔ - ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț; șȈȚȚȊȈȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ; ȊȐȠțȌȌȝȈȔ - ȊȣȠȍ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȒȠȍȔȈȑȈ - ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȕȈȐȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȒȈȓȗȈȕȚȍ - ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȦȚ; ȑȍ - Țȍ; Ȉȕț - șȓȍȌțȦȚ ȏȈ; ȚȈȕ - Țȍ; ȐȝȈ - Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǸȈȕȤȠȍ Ȋșȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ șȓțȎȐȓȐ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȐȉȖ ǭȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȍ ȊȣȠȍ ȚȘȍȝ ȋțȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǶȕȐ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓȐșȤ ǭȔț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȈȔ, ȚȖȎȍ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǸȍȓȐȋȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȈ ȕȍ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȈȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȊȣȋȖȌț ȐȓȐ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȕȈțȟȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȦ ȖȚ ȌțȝȈ. ǪȣșȠȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ - ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȒȖȊ Ȑ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȋȌȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȏȈȒȖȕȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȣ ǹȈȔȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȞȍȓȤ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ ȕȍȊȍȌȖȔȈ ȕȐȒȖȔț, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȔȈȝȈȌȎȈȕ, țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶȕȈ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȈ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȐ ȖșȖȉȣȔ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǭȔț. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ șȍȉȍ ȌȖȉȘȈ, ȔȖȋțȚ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȥȚȐȝ ȔȈȝȈȌȎȈȕ Ȑ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ.

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95 ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȔțȔțȒȠȈȊȖ ȋȝȖȘȈ-ȘțȗȈȕ ȝȐȚȊȈ ȉȝțȚȈ-ȗȈȚȐȕ ȈȚȝȈ ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ-ȒȈȓȈȝ ȠȈȕȚȈ ȉȝȈȌȎȈȕȚȐ ȝȑ ȈȕȈșțȑȈȊȈȝ ȔțȔțȒȠȈȊȈȝ - Țȍ, ȒȚȖ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ; ȋȝȖȘȈ - ȖȚȊȘȈȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ, țȎȈșȕȣȍ; ȘțȗȈȕ - ȚȈȒȐȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ; ȝȐȚȊȈ - ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȧ; ȉȝțȚȈ-ȗȈȚȐȕ - ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; ȈȚȝȈ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȒȈȓȈȝ - ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ; ȠȈȕȚȈȝ - ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ; ȉȝȈȌȎȈȕȚȐ - ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȕȈșțȑȈȊȈȝ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȚȓȐȊȣȍ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ, ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ Ȏȍ, ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȚȓȐȊȣ Ȑ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ ș țȊȈȎȍȕȐȍȔ. ǰ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȖȕȐ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȦȚ ȖȚȊȘȈȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ Ȑ ȕȈȊȖȌȧȡȐȍ țȎȈș ȜȖȘȔȣ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, Ȉ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ ȜȖȘȔȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȅȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ, ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȌȊțȔ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȧȔ: ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ ȕȍȖȚȌȍȓȐȔȣȝ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ Ȑ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ șȖșȚȈȊȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȐȞ. ǶȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ șȖșȚȈȊȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐȞȣ - șȓțȋȐ, Ȉ ȕȍȖȚȌȍȓȐȔȣȍ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȊȐȠȕțȚȈȚȚȊȣ - ȖȉȢȍȒȚȣ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. Ǫșȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȌȍȓȐȓ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ, ȚȈȒȎȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ǭȋȖ ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȔȐ șȖșȚȈȊȕȣȔȐ ȟȈșȚȐȞȈȔȐ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȧȔ ȊȐȠȕțȚȈȚȚȊȣ. ǪȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ - ȥȚȖ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ ȘȈȊȕȣȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ ș ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ǶȕȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȈșȗȍȒȚȣ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȈ șȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ Ȑ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈȔ. Ǫ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȍ ȖȚ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȣȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ șȖșȚȈȊȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȐȞ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȖ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ, ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȣ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȗȘȐȟȐșȓȧȚȤ Ȓ ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ǭȋȖ șȖșȚȈȊȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐȞȣ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȍȚ șȍȉȍ ȥȚȖ, ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȖșȒȖȘȉȐȚȍȓȍȔ, ȗȈȠȈȕȌȐ. Ǫ ȥȗȖȝț DzȈȓȐ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȋȓțȗȞȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧ, ȉȍȏ ȊșȧȒȐȝ ȕȈ ȚȖ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȐȑ țȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȧ ȌȊȍ ȥȚȐ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ. Ǫ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȐ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ șȖșȚȈȊȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐȞȣ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣ DzȈȓȈȉȝȈȐȘȈȊȍ, ȀȔȈȠȈȕȈ-ȉȝȈȐȘȈȊȍ, ȀȈȕȐ, ǴȈȝȈȒȈȓȐ Ȑ ǿȈȕȌȐȒȍ. ȅȚȐȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȖșȕȖȊȕȖȔ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȦ ȕȐȏȠȍȑ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ, ȋțȕȣ ȚȤȔȣ (ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ). ǺȈȒȐȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, ȒȈȒ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȀȐȊȈ, ǹțȘȑȈ, ǫȈȕȍȠȈ Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȔ ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȔ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȈȔ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȓȦȌȐ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȍșȧ Ȋ ȋțȕȍ șȚȘȈșȚȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ ȌȊȐȎȍȚ ȎȈȎȌȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ. ǵȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ (șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȋțȕȍ), ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȈȔ. ǪȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȐȔȍȕȈ Ȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ: ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ, ǬȈȔȖȌȈȘȈ, ǪȈȔȈȕȈ, ǫȖȊȐȕȌȈ, ǨȌȝȖȒȠȈȌȎȈ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ. DzȊȈȓȐȜȐȞȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȈȔ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȠȈȓȈȋȘȈȔȈȠȐȓȣ. DzȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, ȊȣșȠȐȍ ȒȈșȚȣ: ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ Ȑ ȊȈȑȠȤȐ - ȚȖȎȍ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȊȐȠȕț95


96 ȚȈȚȚȊȈȔ. ǻ ȊȣșȖȒȖȒȊȈȓȐȜȐȞȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȝșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ, ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ȕȍ ȊȣȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȍȌȖȉȘȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǶȕȐ ș țȊȈȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ Ȑȝ ȖȉȓȐȒ țȎȈșȍȕ, ȒȈȒ, ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ț DzȈȓȈ-ȉȝȈȐȘȈȊȣ ȐȓȐ ț ǴȈȝȈȒȈȓȐ. ǰȔ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȊșȍȓȧȦȡȐȍ țȎȈș ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖ-șȊȖȍȔț șȓțȎȈȚ ǭȔț. ǰ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȖȕȐ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȦȚ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ȒȈȒ ȖȚȊȘȈȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ ȜȖȘȔȈȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, Ȉ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȈ ȜȖȘȔȈȝ ǪȐȠȕț, ȐȉȖ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǷȖȓțȉȖȋȐ - ȊȗȓȖȚȤ ȌȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ȋȓȈȊȕȖȋȖ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ, - ȕȐȒȖȔț ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȌȈȚȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǽȐȘȈȕȑȈȒȈȠȐȗț ȕȈȓȈȋȈȓ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ șțȘȖȊȣȍ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȤȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȎȐȚȤ ȊȍȟȕȖ, ȕȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ - ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȖ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț Ȗȕ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ, - ȕȍ ȔȖȋ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȍȔț ȉȍșșȔȍȘȚȐȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȐȒȖȋȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ǪȐȠȕț, ȕȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȔțȒȚȐ-ȗȈȌȖȑ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ șȗȖșȖȉȕȈ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȔțȒȚȐ, ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ. ǷȖȓțȉȖȋȐ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣ ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȔșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȦȚșȧ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȍȋȖ ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȧ. ǶȕȐ șȈȔȐ ȕȍșȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ, ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ țȎ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ șȊȖȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȖȚ ȕȐȝ ȓȐȠȤ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȍȝȖȌȧȡȐȍ ȉȓȈȋȈ. ǪȣșȠȍȋȖ ȉȓȈȋȈ ȖȕȐ ȌȈȚȤ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ. ǰȔȍȕȕȖ ȗȖ ȥȚȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ, șȖȏȕȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȦȚ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ȓȦȉȣȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȑ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȕȐȔ ș țȊȈȎȍȕȐȍȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȘȈȌȎȈș-ȚȈȔȈȝ-ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȈȑȈȝ șȈȔȈ-ȠȐȓȈ ȉȝȈȌȎȈȕȚȐ ȊȈȐ ȗȐȚȘȐ-ȉȝțȚȈ-ȗȘȈȌȎȍȠȈȌȐȕ ȠȘȐȑȈȐȠȊȈȘȑȈ-ȗȘȈȌȎȍȗșȈȊȈȝ ȘȈȌȎȈȝ - ȋțȕȈ șȚȘȈșȚȐ; ȚȈȔȈȝ - ȋțȕȈ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ; ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȈȑȈȝ - ș ȚȈȒȐȔ țȔȖȕȈșȚȘȖȍȕȐȍȔ; șȈȔȈ-ȠȐȓȈȝ - Ȑȏ ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ; ȉȝȈȌȎȈȕȚȐ - ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ; ȊȈȐ - Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȗȐȚȘȐ - ȗȘȍȌȒȈȔ; ȉȝțȚȈ - ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ; ȗȘȈȌȎȍȠȈ-ȈȌȐȕ - ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔ ȒȖșȔȖșȈ; ȠȘȐȑȈ - ȖȉȖȋȈȡȍȕȐȧ; ȈȐȠȊȈȘȑȈ - șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧ Ȑ ȊȓȈșȚȐ; ȗȘȈȌȎȈ - ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȈ; ȐȗșȈȊȈȝ - ȎȍȓȈȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȒȈȔ, ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ Ȑ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȔ ȌȍȓȈȔȐ ȔȐȘȖȏȌȈȕȐȧ, ȐȉȖ ȐȔȐ ȌȊȐȎȍȚ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȋȈȔ: ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔ, ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊț, ȊȓȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǻȍ, ȟȤȐ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȐȧ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ ǩȖȋț șȍȘȤȍȏȕȣ, ȕȍ ȕțȎȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, Ȓ ȒȈȒȖȔț ȉȣ ȘȈȏȘȧȌț ȖȕȐ ȕȐ ȖȚȕȖșȐȓȐșȤ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (7.20,23) ȧșȕȖ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȔȍȠȈȕ ȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȝ, ȖȉȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ ȘȈȏȕȣȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȝȖȌȧȡȐȔȐ ȉȓȈȋȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȍȌ ȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȣ Ȍȓȧ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȖ șȒțȌȕȣȔȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ. ǵȍ șȚȖȐȚ șȚȘȍȔȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȐȏȖȡȘȍȕȕȣȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ. ǰȝ ȕțȎȕȖ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȚȤ șȍȉȍ ȓȐȠȤ Ȋ ȚȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ, Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȑ ȖȕȐ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ ȎȐȏȕȐ: ȕȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȑ ȕȍ ȔȍȕȤȠȍ. ǻȔȕȖȎȈȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ - ȏȕȈȟȐȚ ȖȉȘȍȒȈȚȤ șȍȉȧ ȕȈ Ȋșȍ ȕȖȊȣȍ Ȑ ȕȖȊȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ. ǩȖȓȤȠȍ 96


97 Ȍȍȕȍȋ, ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, ȓȖȎȕȣȑ ȈȘȐșȚȖȒȘȈȚȐȏȔ - ȚȈȒȖȊȣ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȏȈȗȘȖșȖȊ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȐȉȖ ȍȔț ȕȍȊȍȌȖȔȣ ȉȓȈȋȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȧșȤ ǪȐȠȕț. ǷȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ǪȐȠȕț ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȑ Ȋ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȗȖșȓȍ șȔȍȘȚȐ. ǯȈȉȣȊ Ȗȉ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȝ, ȋȓțȗȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, șȚȘȍȔȧȡȐȍșȧ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȍȍȕȍȋ, ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȏȍȕ Ȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȌȍȚȍȑ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȘȈȏȕȣȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ. ǾȍȓȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȚȤ ȒȖȕȍȞ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧȔ, Ȉ ȕȍ țșțȋțȉȓȧȚȤ Ȑȝ. ǸȈȌȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȕȍȖȉȧȏȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ. ǷȖȓțȉȖȋȐ - ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ șȓțȋȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȣ ȗȖșȚȈȊȓȧȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȎȐȏȕȐ: ȊȖȌț, șȊȍȚ, ȊȖȏȌțȝ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. ǵțȎȕȖ țșȍȘȌȕȖ ȚȘțȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȑ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȧ ǭȔț ȌȖȉȣȚȣȍ Ȋ ȗȖȚȍ ȓȐȞȈ ȗȓȖȌȣ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȚȘțȌȈ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ șȚȈȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȔ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȚȡȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȑ ȌȖȉȘȖșȖȊȍșȚȕȖ, ș ȊȍȘȖȑ Ȋ ǩȖȋȈ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȔȖȎȍȚ ȍȔț ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȖȌȊȐȋȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ, ȊȍȌțȡȍȔț ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. DzȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȓȐȟȕȖ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȊȖ ǪȘȈȌȎȈȌȝȈȔȍ, Ƕȕ ȖȚȔȍȕȐȓ ȖȉȘȧȌ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋț ǰȕȌȘȍ Ȑ ȗȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ȎȐȚȍȓȧȔ ǪȘȈȌȎȐ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǩȖȋț, ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȧ șȊȖȑ ȌȖȓȋ ș ȊȍȘȖȑ Ȋ ǵȍȋȖ. ǷȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ ȘȈȌȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ - ȥȚȖ, Ȋ șțȡȕȖșȚȐ, ȐȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȍ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǺȈȒȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȉȣȓȈ ȖșțȎȌȍȕȈ Ȋ șȈȔȖȔ ȕȈȟȈȓȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȋȌȍ ȖȕȈ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȈ ȒȈȐȚȈȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȖȑ. Ǫ ȔȐȘȍ ȍșȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȌȕȈ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȊșȍȔ Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț: ȥȚȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ, ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ țȟȐȚ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ȕȐȒȖȔț ȉȖȓȍȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28-29 ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ-ȗȈȘȈ ȊȍȌȈ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ-ȗȈȘȈ ȔȈȒȝȈȝ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ-ȗȈȘȈ ȑȖȋȈ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ-ȗȈȘȈȝ ȒȘȐȑȈȝ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ-ȗȈȘȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ-ȗȈȘȈȔ ȚȈȗȈȝ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ-ȗȈȘȖ ȌȝȈȘȔȖ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ-ȗȈȘȈ ȋȈȚȐȝ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȈȝ - ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ; ȊȍȌȈȝ - ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȈȝ - Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ; ȔȈȒȝȈȝ - ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȈȝ - șȘȍȌșȚȊȖ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ; ȑȖȋȈȝ - ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȐ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȈȝ - Ȋ ǭȋȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ; ȒȘȐȑȈȝ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȘȈȌȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȍȍ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȈȔ ȊȣșȠȍȍ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ - ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȈȔ - ȓțȟȠȈȧ; ȚȈȗȈȝ ȈșȒȍȏȈ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȈȝ - ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȧȡȈȧ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ - ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȈȝ - ȊȣșȠȈȧ; ȋȈȚȐȝ - ȞȍȓȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ. DzȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, ȊȣșȠȐȑ ȖȉȢȍȒȚ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ - ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǾȍȓȤ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ǭȋȖ. ǾȍȓȤ ȑȖȋȐ - ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ƕȕ ȕȈȋȘȈȎȌȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ Ȑȝ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. Ƕȕ - ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ șțȘȖȊȣȍ ȈșȒȍȏȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ 97


98 ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǭȋȖ. ǸȍȓȐȋȐȧ [ȌȝȈȘȔȈ] ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǭȔț. Ƕȕ ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ - ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȢȍȒȚ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȥȚȐȝ ȌȊțȝ ȠȓȖȒȈȝ. ǪȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ Țț Ȏȍ ȞȍȓȤ: țșȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ș ǵȐȔ Ȑ Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ ȐȚȖȋȍ ȊȖȏȘȖȌȐȚȤ ȏȈȉȣȚȖȍ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǭȔț. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ șțȚȤ Ȋșȍȝ ǪȍȌ. ǺȖ Ȏȍ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», ȋȌȍ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: ȒȖȕȍȟȕȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȌ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǭȋȖ. Ǫșȍ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȌȈȕȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȖȗȓȖȚȐȓșȧ Ȋ Țȍȓȍ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ ȗȈȌȠȐȔ ȌțȠȈȔ, ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ, Ȗ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǵȐ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǵȈ ȥȚȖȔ șȝȖȌȧȚșȧ Ȋșȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ. ǰȔȗȍȘșȖȕȈȓȐșȚȣ, ȕȍ ȏȕȈȧ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȐȕȐȎȈȦȚ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȐȏȊȖȌȧ ǭȋȖ ȌȖ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ ș ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǷȖ ȥȚȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȌȖȉȐȚȤșȧ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ ȓȐȠȤ ș ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȔ ȚȘțȌȖȔ. ǶȕȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ǭȔț ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖșȓȍ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȎȐȏȕȍȑ, ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȝ țȋȓțȉȓȍȕȐȦ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǴȖȎȕȖ ȊȖȏȘȈȏȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȍȔȈȧ ǪȍȌȈȔȐ, ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȈ ȕȈ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȖȉȘȧȌȈȝ. ȅȚȖ ȚȈȒ, ȕȖ ȞȍȓȤ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ - ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕț Ȗ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ. ǶȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȐȔȍȕ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ - DZȈȌȎȕȈ (ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ), Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌȋȐȚȍ» ȧșȕȖ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȑ Ȋșȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤșȧ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ DZȈȌȎȕȣ, ȐȓȐ ǪȐȠȕț, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ȅȚȖ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ șȐșȚȍȔ ȑȖȋȐ. DZȖȋȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȐȍ șȊȧȏȐ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǪȗȘȖȟȍȔ, ȥȚȖȚ ȗȘȖȞȍșș ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȧ Ȑ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȈșȗȍȒȚȣ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȍ ș ȚȍȓȖȔ, ȒȈȒ, ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȈșȈȕȈ, ȌȝȑȈȕȈ, ȗȘȈȕȈȑȈȔȈ Ȑ ȔȍȌȐȚȈȞȐȧ, ȕȖ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȣ Ȍȓȧ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȐȧ ȕȈ ȓȖȒȈȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȔ ȈșȗȍȒȚȍ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ - ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȍ. ǶșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ ȍșȚȤ ȕȍ ȟȚȖ ȐȕȖȍ, ȒȈȒ ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȖȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ țșȗȍȝȈ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȔ ȗțȚȐ, ȖșȖȏȕȈȍȚ ǪȈșțȌȍȊț ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ. Dz șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȦ, ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ ȑȖȋȖȊ ȚȍȘȗȧȚ ȕȍțȌȈȟț Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȍȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍȚȈȦȚ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȜȐȏȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȍȚȖȌȖȊ. Ǫ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȕȍȏȈȌȈȟȓȐȊȣȍ ȑȖȋȐ, ȘȖȎȌȈȧșȤ Ȋ șȍȔȤȧȝ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȝ țȟȍȕȣȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ ȐȓȐ ȉȖȋȈȚȣȝ ȒțȗȞȖȊ, ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȚ ȠȈȕș ȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȕȍȏȈȊȍȘȠȍȕȕțȦ ȏȈȌȈȟț - ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǪȈșțȌȍȊț. ǭșȓȐ ȚȈȒȐȍ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ ȐȓȐ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ȉȖȋȈȚȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȦȚ ȥȚȖȚ ȠȈȕș, ȚȖ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ șȖ șȊȧȚȣȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȓȍȋȒȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǪȈșțȌȍȊț. Dz șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȦ, ȚȈȒȐȍ ȐȏȉȘȈȕȕȐȒȐ șțȌȤȉȣ ȊȕȖȊȤ țȊȓȍȒȈȦȚșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ȗȖȟȍșȚȧȔȐ, Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȟȍȋȖ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȏȈȉȣȊȈȦȚ Ȗ ȞȍȓȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺȖ Ȏȍ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑ ș ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȐȍȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȊȖșȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȝ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȈ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǷȘȐȖȉȘȍȚȈȧ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȋȖȘȌȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȚȡȍșȓȈȊȐȧ, ȖȚȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȗȘȐȔȍȕȍȕȐȧ ȕȈșȐȓȐȧ, șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȚȍȘȗȍȓȐȊȣȔ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȚȣȔ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ Ȑ ȖȊȓȈȌȍȊȈȍȚ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǻȋȓțȉȓȧȧ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, Ȗȕ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȌȖȔȈȠȕȍȔț ȖȟȈȋț Ȑ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ șȔȍȘȚȤ, ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ, șȚȈȘȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȐ ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȚ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ. ǪȍȘȠȐȕȖȑ Ȏȍ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȈ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ - ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȉȓȈșȚȍȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǰșȚȐȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ - ȥȚȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ș ǪȈșțȌȍȊȖȑ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȍȋȖ ȖȚȘȈșȓȧȝ 98


99 ȖșțȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȒȈȒ ȈȌȎȕȈȕȈ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȔț ȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǪȣșȠȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ - țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȖȌȘȈȏțȔȍȊȈȍȚ ȗȘȖȌȓȍȕȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ, Ȉ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, Ȑ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȍȕȐȍ ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȗȘȖȌȓȍȕȐȍ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȍșȚȤ ȕȍȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ. ǵȖ ȍșȓȐ ȚȖ Ȏȍ șȈȔȖȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȖȕȖ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȖȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ ȜȐȏȐȟȍșȒȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȕȈȟȈȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȕȈ ȗȓȈȕȍ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ. ȅȚȖ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȑ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ ȊȐȌȈȔ ȈșȒȍȚȐȏȔȈ. ǺȈȗȈșȑȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȌȖȉȘȖȊȖȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍȕȐȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ șȊȖȍȔț Țȍȓț ȘȈȌȐ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȞȍȓȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǸȈȊȈȕȈ Ȑ ǽȐȘȈȕȑȈȒȈȠȐȗț ȗȖȌȊȍȘȋȈȓȐ șȍȉȧ ȎȍșȚȖȒȐȔ ȚȍȓȍșȕȣȔ ȔțȟȍȕȐȧȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȚȖȔ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ. ǹȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȐ ȚȖȎȍ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȦȚ șțȘȖȊȣȍ ȈșȒȍȏȣ ȘȈȌȐ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȒȈȒȐȝ-ȚȖ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ Ȟȍȓȍȑ. ǵȖ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȚȈȗȈșȑȈ. ǰșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ȈșȒȍȚȐȏȔ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖȉȘȖȊȖȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ Țȍȓȍșȕȣȍ ȕȍțȌȖȉșȚȊȈ ȘȈȌȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ. ǷȘȖȟȐȍ Ȏȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȈșȒȍȚȐȏȔȈ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȋțȕȈȔ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. ǹȚȘȈșȚȤ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȚȤ ȒȖȕȍȞ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧȔ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȋțȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȈ țȔȍȕȤȠȐȚȤ ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ. ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ Ȑ ǬȍȊȈȒȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȖȚȞȖȔ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȤȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȕȈȓȈȋȈȓȐ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȤȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ Ȋ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ǪȈșțȌȍȊț. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȖȚȍȞ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ (ǩȋ. 14.4). ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ƕȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ șȘȍȌȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. Ƕȕ - ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ Ȋȍȟȕȣȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ șȘȍȌȐ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȝșȧ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȊȖȗȘȍȒȐ ȔȕȍȕȐȦ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȏȈȟȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ Ȑ șȚȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȖȚȞȖȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓșȧ șȚȈȚȤ șȣȕȖȔ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ Ȑ ǬȍȊȈȒȐ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȉȣȓ ȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ Ȑȝ șțȘȖȊȣȔȐ ȈșȒȍȏȈȔȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȓȦȉȣȍ ȈșȒȍȏȣ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȘȈȌȐ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȞȍȓȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ - ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ. ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ - ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. DzȈȒ țȎȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȓȖșȤ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ ǹȍȉȧ Ȋ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ. ȅȚȖ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȐȊȈȦȚ ǭȋȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǰȏ ǭȋȖ ȔȕȖȋȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȐȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȊȣȠȍ, ȟȍȔ ȊȕȍȠȕȐȍ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (7.4-6) ȖȕȐ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȒȈȒ ȗȈȘȈ Ȑ ȈȗȈȘȈ ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȐ. ǹȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ǭȋȖ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȔȣȍ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȐȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ, ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȊȣșȠȐȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ, Ȉ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȔȣȍ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȊȕȍȠȕȐȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ, - ȕȐȏȠȐȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ. ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ǭȋȖ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȧȔȐ. ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȔȣȍ ǭȋȖ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ, - ȥȚȖ ȊȍȟȕȖ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ Ȋ șȜȍȘȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ - ȊȍȟȕȖ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȞȍȓȤȦ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȈșȒȍȚȐȏȔȈ, ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ Ȑ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ șȚȈȚȤ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȐȏȔȍȕȍȕȐȍ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ, ȗȖȌ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ Ȕȣ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȔșȧ. Ǫ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȐȑ ȔȖȔȍȕȚ ȕȈȔȐ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȊȕȍȠȕȧȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐȏȔȍȕȐȚȤ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȖ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ, ȗȖȌ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ Ȕȣ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȔșȧ, Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȒțȓȤȚȐȊȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȣ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȓȦȌȐ, ȗȘȐȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȦȡȐȍșȧ ȊȏȋȓȧȌȖȊ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȠȐȘȖȒȐȝ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ǭȋȖ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǭȍ ȊȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ș ȚȈȒȐȔ ȠȐȘȖȒȐȔ ȊȏȋȓȧȌȖȔ ȕȈ ȔȐȘ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȏȈȕȧȚȣ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ȅȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȞȍȓȤȦ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȔ șȝȖȌȧȚșȧ Ȋșȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ. ǵȍ ȕȈȌȖ țȚȘțȎȌȈȚȤ șȍȉȧ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ ȐȓȐ șțȝȐȔȐ țȔȖȏȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȐ. DzȈȎȌȖȔț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȉȍȏ ȗȘȖȔȍȌȓȍȕȐȑ ȏȈȕȧȚȤșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ 99


100 șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǵȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȐ Ȑ Ȋ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȐ ȘȈȏȕȣȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȗȖȔȖȡȕȐȒȖȊ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ țȟȈșȚȊțȦȚ Ȋ șȖȏȌȈȕȐȐ, șȖȝȘȈȕȍȕȐȐ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȝ țȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȗȖȔȖȡȕȐȒȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ. ǬȈȎȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȟȐșȓț ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț, ȐȓȐ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖ. ǵȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȜȖȘȔț ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, Ƕȕ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȋțȕȈȔ. ȅȚȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȧșȕȐȚȤ ȕȈ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ. Ǫ ȚȦȘȤȔȍ ȍșȚȤ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȍȕȕȣȍ Ȑ ȚȦȘȍȔȡȐȒȐ. ǰ ȚȦȘȍȔȡȐȒȐ, Ȑ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȦȚșȧ ȗȖȘȧȌȒȈȔ, țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȞȈȘȍȔ. ǵȖ ȕȈ ȞȈȘȧ ȚȦȘȍȔȕȣȍ ȗȖȘȧȌȒȐ ȕȍ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȦȚșȧ, ȌȈȎȍ ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȚȦȘȤȔț. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȞȈȘȤ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ Ȓ ȏȈȒȖȕȈȔ ȚȦȘȤȔȣ. ǺȈȒ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ Ȓ ȏȈȒȖȕȈȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 șȈ ȥȊȍȌȈȔ șȈșȈȘȌȎȈȋȘȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȈȚȔȈ-ȔȈȑȈȑȈ șȈȌ-ȈșȈȌ-ȘțȗȈȑȈ ȟȈșȈț ȋțȕȈȔȈȑȈȋțȕȖ ȊȐȉȝțȝ șȈȝ - ȚȖ; ȥȊȈ - ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ; ȐȌȈȔ - ȥȚȖ; șȈșȈȘȌȎȈ - șȖȏȌȈȓȈ; ȈȋȘȍ - ȗȘȍȎȌȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȔȈȑȈȑȈ - ǹȊȖȍȑ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ; șȈȚ ȗȘȐȟȐȕț; ȈșȈȚ - șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍ; ȘțȗȈȑȈ - Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȈȝ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȈșȈț - ȥȚȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȋțȕȈȔȈȑȈ - Ȋ ȋțȕȈȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȈȋțȕȈȝ - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ; ȊȐȉȝțȝ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚ. Ǫ ȕȈȟȈȓȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, ȖșȚȈȊȈȧșȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ, ȥȚȈ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ, ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ șȖȏȌȈȓ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ Ȑ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ Ȑ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȍ Ȍȓȧ șȖȏȌȈȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȚȖȎȍ șȖȏȌȈȕȣ ǰȔ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȋțȕ. ǭȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȍ, ȜȖȘȔȈ, ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ ȌȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ.* Ƕȕ ȊșȍȞȍȓȖ ȌțȝȖȊȍȕ Ȑ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȋ ȒȖȘȕȍ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȦȚșȧ ȖȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. * ȀȘȐȗȈȌȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȈ, ȋȓȈȊȈ ȠȒȖȓȣ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ, Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȐ ȕȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚț» ȚȖȎȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 31 ȚȈȑȈ ȊȐȓȈșȐȚȍȠȊ ȥȠț ȋțȕȍȠț ȋțȕȈȊȈȕ ȐȊȈ ȈȕȚȈȝ-ȗȘȈȊȐȠȚȈ ȈȉȝȈȚȐ ȊȐȌȎȕȈȕȍȕȈ ȊȐȌȎȘȐȔȉȝȐȚȈȝ 100


101 ȚȈȑȈ - ȐȔȐ; ȊȐȓȈșȐȚȍȠț - ȝȖȚȧ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȧȚșȧ Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ; ȥȠț - ȥȚȐ; ȋțȕȍȠț - ȋțȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȋțȕȈȊȈȕ - ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕ ȊȓȐ ȧȕȐȦ ȋțȕ; ȐȊȈ - ȒȈȒ ȉțȌȚȖ; ȈȕȚȈȝ - ȊȕțȚȘȤ; ȗȘȈȊȐȠȚȈȝ - ȊȖȠȍȓ; ȈȉȝȈȚȐ - ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ; ȊȐȌȎȕȈȕȍȕȈ - ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț șȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ; ȊȐȌȎȘȐȔȉȝȐȚȈȝ - ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖșȊȍȌȖȔȓȍȕ. ǹȖȏȌȈȊ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ șțȉșȚȈȕȞȐȦ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ [ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ] ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ ǹȍȉȧ Ȑ ȊȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȕȍȍ. ǰ ȝȖȚȧ Ƕȕ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȊȕțȚȘȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȋțȕ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ Ȑ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ ȖȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, Ƕȕ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖșȖȏȕȈȍȚ șȊȖȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - ȥȚȖ ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ șȖșȚȈȊȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐȞȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȕȍȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȍ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ, ȘȈșșȍȧȕȣ ȗȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȔȐȘț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȍȑ. DzȈȒ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ, Ȋȍȟȕȣȑ ȌȘțȋ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȚ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȧȧ Ȑȝ Ȋ Ȑȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȝ Ȑ ȕȈȉȓȦȌȈȧ ȏȈ Ȑȝ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ. Ǫ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȒȈȒ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȚșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȖȝȘȈȕȧȍȚ ǹȊȖȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȕȍ ȗȖȗȈȌȈȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘȣ. Ǫ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ (ȠȘțȚȐ) ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȗ ȌȊțȝ ȗȚȐȞȈȝ, șȐȌȧȡȐȝ ȕȈ ȖȌȕȖȔ ȌȍȘȍȊȍ.* ǶȌȕȈ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȊȒțȠȈȍȚ ȗȓȖȌȣ ȌȍȘȍȊȈ, Ȉ ȌȘțȋȈȧ Ȋ ȥȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȕȈȉȓȦȌȈȍȚ ȏȈ ȍȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧȔȐ. ȅȚȖȚ șȊȐȌȍȚȍȓȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȉ ȊȒțȠȈȦȡȐȑ ȗȓȖȌȣ - ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȊȒțȠȈȍȚ ȗȓȖȌȣ (ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ), ȏȈȉȣȓ Ȗ șȊȖȍȑ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȑ șțȡȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ țșȓȖȊȐȧȝ, ȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ (ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ) ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȖșȚȖȐȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȍ ȔȍȎȌț ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȖȑ Ȑ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ. ǶȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ, ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȗȖȌȊȓȈșȚȕȈ ȏȈȒȖȕȈȔ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ, ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ, ȗȖȊȍȓȍȊȈȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ. ȓ * ȌȊȈ șțȗȈȘȕȈ șȈȑțȌȎȈ șȈȒȝȈȑȈ șȈȔȈȕȈȔ ȊȘȐȒȠȈȔ ȗȈȘȐȠȈșȊȈȌȎȈȚȍ ȚȈȑȖȘ ȈȕȑȈȝ ȗȐȗȗȈȓȈȔ șȊȈȌȊ ȈȚȚȑ ȈȕȈȠȕȈȕȕ ȈȕȑȖ 'ȉȝȐȟȈȒȈȠȐȚȐ («ǴțȕȌȈȒȈ-țȗȈȕȐȠȈȌ» 3.1.1) ǺǭDzǹǺ 32 ȑȈȚȝȈ ȝȑ ȈȊȈȝȐȚȖ ȊȈȝȕȐȘ ȌȈȘțȠȊ ȥȒȈȝ șȊȈ-ȑȖȕȐȠț ȕȈȕȍȊȈ ȉȝȈȚȐ ȊȐȠȊȈȚȔȈ ȉȝțȚȍȠț ȟȈ ȚȈȚȝȈ ȗțȔȈȕ ȑȈȚȝȈ - ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȒȈȒ; ȝȐ - ȚȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ; ȈȊȈȝȐȚȈȝ - șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ; ȊȈȝȕȐȝ - ȖȋȖȕȤ; ȌȈȘțȠț - Ȋ ȌȍȘȍȊȍ; ȥȒȈȝ - ȖȌȐȕ; șȊȈ-ȑȖȕȐȠț - ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȑ; ȕȈȕȈ ȐȊȈ - ȒȈȒ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ; ȉȝȈȚȐ - ȖȏȈȘȧȍȚ; ȊȐȠȊȈ-ȈȚȔȈ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ; ȉȝțȚȍȠț - Ȋ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȝ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȚȈȚȝȈ - ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ; ȗțȔȈȕ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. DzȈȒ ȖȋȖȕȤ ȗȘȖȕȐȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȌȍȘȍȊȖ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȐ ȗȘȖȕȐȏȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț Ƕȕ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ ȔȕȖȋȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȔ, ȝȖȚȧ Ƕȕ - ȍȌȐȕȣȑ 101


102 ǨȉșȖȓȦȚ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ ǹȍȉȧ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȔȐȘț. ǭȋȖ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȚȤ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȈȚȖȔȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȧ, ȈȕȚȐȔȈȚȍȘȐȧ, ȗȘȖȚȖȕ, ȕȍȑȚȘȖȕ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǭȋȖ ȈșȗȍȒȚȈ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ. DzȈȒ Ȑȏ ȌȍȘȍȊȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȐȏȊȓȍȟȤ ȖȋȖȕȤ, Ȉ Ȑȏ ȔȖȓȖȒȈ șȉȐȚȤ ȔȈșȓȖ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȡțȚȐȚȤ Ȋ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖȋȖ șȓțȠȈȕȐȧ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȑ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ Ȑ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȧ Ȑȝ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȣ ȖȗȐșȈȕȣ ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ Ȋ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, ȒȈȒ ǻȗȈȕȐȠȈȌȣ Ȑ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ». «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȖȍ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ȥȚȐȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ. ǰ șȓțȠȈȧ ȥȚȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ. ǶȋȖȕȤ Ȑȏ ȌȍȘȍȊȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȐȏȊȓȍȟȤ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ Ȗȋȕȧ, Ȑ ȈȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȏȈȎȎȍȕȖ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ȌȘțȋȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ. ǭȋȖ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ǴȐȓȖșȚȤ, ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ, șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȐȏȊȓȍȟȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȖȋȖȕȤ Ȑȏ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȋȖ ȌȍȘȍȊț ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȊȓȖȎȐȊ Ȋ ȍȋȖ ȊȖșȗȘȐȐȔȟȐȊȣȍ țȠȐ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȘȖșȚȖ țȔȍȚȤ șȓțȠȈȚȤ, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȉȣȚȐȍ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȍ ȔȍȎȌț ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔȐ Ȑ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ: ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȌȖȓȎȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȉ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȍ - ȕȍȚ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 33 ȈșȈț ȋțȕȈȔȈȑȈȐȘ ȉȝȈȊȈȐȘ ȉȝțȚȈ-șțȒȠȔȍȕȌȘȐȑȈȚȔȈȉȝȐȝ șȊȈ-ȕȐȘȔȐȚȍȠț ȕȐȘȊȐȠȚȖ ȉȝțȕȒȚȍ ȉȝțȚȍȠț ȚȈȌ-ȋțȕȈȕ ȈșȈț - ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ; ȋțȕȈ-ȔȈȑȈȑȝ - ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȉȝȈȊȈȐȝ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ; ȉȝțȚȈ - șȖȏȌȈȕȣ; șțȒȠȔȈ - ȚȖȕȒȐȍ; ȐȕȌȘȐȑȈ - ȟțȊșȚȊȈ; ȈȚȔȈȉȝȐȝ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ; șȊȈ-ȕȐȘȔȐȚȍȠț - Ȋ ǹȊȖȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ; ȕȐȘȊȐȠȚȈȝ - ȊȝȖȌȧ; ȉȝțȕȒȚȍ - ȗȖȉțȎȌȈȍȚ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ; ȉȝțȚȍȠț - Ȋ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȝ; ȚȈȚ-ȋțȕȈȕ ȥȚȐȔȐ ȋțȕȈȔȐ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ ȊȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȚȍȓȈ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȝșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, Ȑ ȗȖȉțȎȌȈȍȚ Ȑȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ ȥȚȐȝ ȋțȕ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ țȔȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ 8 400 000 ȊȐȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȧ ș ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ȗȍȘȊȖȋȖ șȘȍȌȐ ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ șțȡȍșȚȊ, Ȑ ȒȖȕȟȈȧ ȒȘȖȠȍȟȕȣȔ ȔțȘȈȊȤȍȔ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȚșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȔȐȘȖȔ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧȔȐ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ țȔȈ Ȑ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ. ǫȘțȉȖȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȜȖȘȔȐȘțȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȐ ȖȚ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ țȔȈ, Ȉ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ șȖȏȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȎȍȓȈȕȐȧȔȐ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ȎȐȊȖȔț șțȡȍșȚȊț ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȉȍșȗȖȔȖȡȕȖ Ȋ ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȍȕȐȐ șȊȖȐȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ. ǶȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚ, Ȉ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȈșȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚ. ǹ ȌȘțȋȖȑ șȚȖȘȖȕȣ, ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȍ șȖșȚȈȊȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐȞȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȕȐ ȍȌȐȕȣ ș ǵȐȔ. Ǫ 102


103 «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȐȍ Ȋ șȈȔȣȝ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȚȍȓȈȝ, - ǭȋȖ ȌȍȚȐ. ǹȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȌȍȚȍȑ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧȔȐ Ȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȖȚȞȈ. ǺȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȖȚȍȞ ȕȍ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȌȍȚȍȑ. Ƕȕ ȚȈȒ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȘȧȌȖȔ ș ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȚȈȘȈȍȚșȧ ȊȣȊȍșȚȐ ȍȋȖ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ șȟȈșȚȤȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 34 ȉȝȈȊȈȑȈȚȑ ȥȠȈ șȈȚȚȊȍȕȈ ȓȖȒȈȕ ȊȈȐ ȓȖȒȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȝ ȓȐȓȈȊȈȚȈȘȈȕțȘȈȚȖ ȌȍȊȈ-ȚȐȘȑȈȕ-ȕȈȘȈȌȐȠț ȉȝȈȊȈȑȈȚȐ - ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚ; ȥȠȈȝ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; șȈȚȚȊȍȕȈ - Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ; ȓȖȒȈȕ - ȗȖ Ȋșȍȑ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ; ȊȈȐ - Ȋ ȞȍȓȖȔ; ȓȖȒȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȝ - ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ Ȋșȍȝ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ; ȓȐȓȈ ȐȋȘȣ; ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ; ȈȕțȘȈȚȈȝ - ȊȣșȚțȗȈȧ Ȋ ȘȖȓȐ; ȌȍȊȈ - ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; ȚȐȘȑȈȒ - ȕȐȏȠȐȝ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ; ȕȈȘȈ-ȈȌȐȠț - șȘȍȌȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǺȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, ȕȈșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ, ȓȦȌȤȔȐ Ȑ ȕȐȏȠȐȔȐ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔȐ. ǰȋȘȈȧ ȘȖȓȐ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ, Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȊȖȌȐȚ ǹȊȖȐ ȐȋȘȣ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȏȊȈȚȤ Ȓ ǹȍȉȍ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȋțȕȍ ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȉȍșȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ, Ȑ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȍșȚȤ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, ȕȈșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȚ Ȓ ȘȈȏȕȣȔ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȧȔ Ȑ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȋțȕ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ (ǪȐȠȕț) ȊȖȗȓȖȡȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȍ Ȑ șȘȍȌȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȐȌȖȊ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. Ƕȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚ ǹȊȖȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȖȏȉțȌȐȚȤ Ȋ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǰȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍ ȐȏȔȍȕȧȍȚșȧ, ȕȖ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ, șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȔț ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ, ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈȔ Ȑ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȦȡȐȍ Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ, ȒȈȎțȚșȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ǹȈȔ, Ȉ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȗȖȌȝȖȌȧȡȍȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȏȈ ǵȍȋȖ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȞȍȓȤ Ȋ ȖȉȖȐȝ șȓțȟȈȧȝ ȖȌȕȈ: ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȚȘȈȎȌțȡȐȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȊȍȘȕț ȓȐșȤ ȌȖȔȖȑ, ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǹȟȈșȚȤȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȚȈȒ ȎȈȎȌțȚ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȕȍ ȕȈȑȚȐ ȕȐ Ȋ ȖȌȕȖȔ țȋȖȓȒȍ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȝ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ. ǪȍȟȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ, Ȓ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȌȖșȚȐȎȐȔȖ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȧșȤ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȋțȕ, ȏȈȉȣȊȟȐȊȣȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȕȍ ȊȍȌȈȦȚ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȚȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ ǩȖȋȈ ȓȐȉȖ ǹȈȔ, Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ, ȓȐȉȖ ȟȍȘȍȏ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ - ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȘȐȏȣȊȈȧ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, ȥȚȐ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ǩȖȋȈ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌțȦȚ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȘȍȌȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȕȖ Ȑ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈȝ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȟȐșȓȍ Ȑ șȘȍȌȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȖȚ ȓȦȌȍȑ șțȡȍșȚȊ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ ȒȖ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǷȍȘȊȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ». 103


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Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɬɪɟɬɶɹ. Ʉɪɢɲɧɚ - ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤ ɜɫɟɯ ɜɨɩɥɨɳɟɧɢɣ ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 șțȚȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȌȎȈȋȘȐȝȍ ȗȈțȘțȠȈȔ ȘțȗȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȔȈȝȈȌ-ȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ șȈȔȉȝțȚȈȔ ȠȖȌȈȠȈ-ȒȈȓȈȔ ȈȌȈț ȓȖȒȈ-șȐșȘȐȒȠȈȑȈ șțȚȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ - ǹțȚȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȌȎȈȋȘȐȝȍ - ȗȘȐȕȧȓ; ȗȈțȘțȠȈȔ - ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ȗțȘțȠȐ; ȘțȗȈȔ - ȜȖȘȔț; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ - ș șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ; șȈȔȉȝțȚȈȔ - ȚȈȒ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȓȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ; ȠȖȌȈȠȈ-ȒȈȓȈȔ - ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȗȍȘȊȖȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȖȊ; ȈȌȈț - Ȋ ȕȈȟȈȓȍ; ȓȖȒȈ - Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ; șȐșȘȐȒȠȈȑȈ - ș ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȐȍȔ ȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ. ǹțȚȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ǫ ȕȈȟȈȓȍ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȓ ǹȍȉȧ șȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕșȒțȦ ȜȖȘȔț ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ȗțȘțȠȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓ Ȋșȍ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȋ ȗȍȘȊțȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ ȉȣȓȐ șȖȏȌȈȕȣ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȕȈȟȈȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ȅȚȖ ȉȣȓȖ șȌȍȓȈȕȖ ș ȞȍȓȤȦ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ, ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȧ ǹȍȉȧ Ȋ ǹȊȖȐ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ. ǼȖȘȔȈ ȗțȘțȠȐ, Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ ȏȌȍșȤ, ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗ. ǰȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣȑ ȒȈȒ șȣȕ ȞȈȘȧ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ ȐȓȐ ȞȈȘȧ ǵȈȕȌȣ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕ Ȋșȍȝ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊ, ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȈ, Ȋșȍȑ șȓȈȊȣ, Ȋșȍȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȣ, ȊșȍȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȖ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȧ. ǿȈșȚȐȟȕȖ ǭȋȖ ȌȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, Ȉ ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȖ - ȒȈȒ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈ. ǼȖȘȔȈ ȗțȘțȠȐ ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ șȈȔȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ ȏȌȍșȤ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȒȈȒ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ. Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȚȘȐ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȗțȘțȠȐ, Ȑ ȗȍȘȊȈȧ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ - ȌȈȕȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ, DzȈȘȈȕȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț. ǬȊȍ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȜȖȘȔȣ - ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț Ȑ DzȠȐȘȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț, Ȑ Ȕȣ ȗȖȖȟȍȘȍȌȕȖ ȘȈșșȔȖȚȘȐȔ Ȑȝ. ǩȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ Ȑȏ ȗȖȘ ȕȈ ȒȖȎȍ DzȈȘȈȕȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț, Ȑ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌțȦ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȝȖȌȐȚ ȒȈȒ ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȚȈȒȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȍȘȐȖȌȣ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ șȖȏȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȘȈȏȘțȠȈȍȚșȧ. ǹȖȏȐȌȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȧȚ ȗȖ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȊȖȓȍ ȘȈȌȐ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȌțȠ, ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȕȐȚȑȈ-ȉȈȌȌȝȐ. ǵȐȚȑȈ-ȉȈȌȌȝȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȊȍȟȕȖ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȟțȊșȚȊȖȔ ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȈȝȈȕȒȈȘȖȑ, ȗȖȉțȎȌȈȦȡȐȔ Ȑȝ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ șȊȖȐȔ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔ, ȝȖȚȧ ȗȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȔȐșȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ, Ȉ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ - ȖȉȢȍȒȚȣ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - ȗȖȌȟȐȕȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȍșȧ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ, ȏȈȉȣȊȈȧ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ șȊȖȍȔ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ, ȊȍȟȕȖ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ ȎȈȎȌțȚ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ. Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȌțȠȈȔ ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȍȑ, ȕȖ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȥȚȐȔ ȐȔ ȌȈȍȚșȧ ȠȈȕș ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ 105


106 ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ǻȌȈȟȓȐȊȣȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȖșȚȐȋȓȐ ȐșȚȐȕț Ȑ, ȗȘȖȎȐȊ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȎȐȏȕȍȑ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȗȘȍȌȈȓȐșȤ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, ȗȘȐșȖȍȌȐȕȧȦȚșȧ Ȓ ȊȍȟȕȖ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȔ ȌțȠȈȔ, ȗȖȓțȟȈȧ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȊȖȑȚȐ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȚȈȒȐȔ țȌȈȟȓȐȊȣȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ țȎȍ ȕȍ ȕțȎȕȖ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȍȝȖȌȧȡȍȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȔȐȘȖȏȌȈȕȐȍ. ǵȖ Țȍ, ȒȖȔț ȕȍ țȌȈȓȖșȤ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȥȚț ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕțȦ ȐșȚȐȕț, ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȗȖȋȘțȎȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊț. DzȖȋȌȈ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ȕȖȊȣȑ ȞȐȒȓ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ șȕȖȊȈ ȊȣșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ. ȅȚȈ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚ Ȋ șȍȉȍ Ȋșȍ șȖșȚȈȊȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȑ, Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȟȐșȓȍ Ȑ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ. ǴȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ ȌȍȓȐȚșȧ ȕȈ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȖșȕȖȊȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ: ȗȧȚȤ ȋȘțȉȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȖȊ Ȑ ȖȌȐȕȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȖȘțȌȐȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǴȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȈ ȖȉȓȈȒț Ȋ ȧșȕȖȔ ȕȍȉȍ. ǷȖ ȊșȍȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȕȍȉț ȘȈȏȓȐȚȖ șȐȧȕȐȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, Ȑ Ȋșȧ șȐșȚȍȔȈ ȐȏȓțȟȈȍȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ șȊȍȚ. ǴȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȔ țȋȖȓȒȍ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȋȖ, ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȕȍȉȈ, Ȑ ȚȈ ȍȋȖ ȟȈșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȖȒȘȣȚȖȑ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȖȑ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȕȍȉȖȔ. ǴȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ - ȓȐȠȤ ȕȍȏȕȈȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ ȊșȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȕȍȉȈ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȕȍȑ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȉȍșȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȐ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ȊȏȧȚȣȍ șȖȏȌȈȦȚșȧ DzȈȘȈȕȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȔ ȚȈȒȎȍ ǴȈȝȈ-ǪȐȠȕț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȖȗȓȖȌȖȚȊȖȘȧȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȕȍȉȖ ȖȌȕȐȔ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȊȏȋȓȧȌȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȑȈșȑȈȔȉȝȈșȐ ȠȈȑȈȕȈșȑȈ ȑȖȋȈ-ȕȐȌȘȈȔ ȊȐȚȈȕȊȈȚȈȝ ȕȈȉȝȐ-ȝȘȈȌȈȔȉțȌȎȈȌ ȈșȐȌ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȊȐȠȊȈ-șȘȐȌȎȈȔ ȗȈȚȐȝ ȑȈșȑȈ - ȟȍȑ; ȈȔȉȝȈșȐ - Ȋ ȊȖȌȈȝ; ȠȈȑȈȕȈșȑȈ - ȓȍȎȈȡȐȑ; ȑȖȋȈ-ȕȐȌȘȈȔ ȔȍȌȐȚȈȞȐȖȕȕȖȔ șȕȍ; ȊȐȚȈȕȊȈȚȈȝ - șȓțȎȈ; ȕȈȉȝȐ - ȗțȗȖȒ; ȝȘȈȌȈ - Ȑȏ ȖȏȍȘȈ; ȈȔȉțȌȎȈȚ - Ȑȏ ȓȖȚȖșȈ; ȈșȐȚ - ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ - ȌȍȌ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; ȊȐȠȊȈ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȈȧ; șȘȐȌȎȈȔ - ȒȖȕșȚȘțȒȚȖȘȖȊ; ȗȈȚȐȝ - ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ. ȅȒșȗȈȕșȐȧ ȗțȘțȠȐ ȊȖȏȓȍȎȐȚ ȕȈ ȊȖȌȈȝ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, Ȑ Ȑȏ ȖȏȍȘȈ ǭȋȖ ȗțȗȈ ȊȣȘȈșȚȈȍȚ șȚȍȉȍȓȤ ȓȖȚȖșȈ, Ȉ Ȑȏ ȞȊȍȚȒȈ ȓȖȚȖșȈ ȕȈ ȊȍȘȠȐȕȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȚȍȉȓȧ ȗȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ Ȋșȍȝ ȒȖȕșȚȘțȒȚȖȘȖȊ ȊȖ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȍȘȊȣȔ ȗțȘțȠȍȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ DzȈȘȈȕȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț. ǰȏ ȗȖȘ ȕȈ ǭȋȖ ȒȖȎȍ ȗȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ. Ǫ ȒȈȎȌțȦ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ ȗțȘțȠȈ ȊȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț. Ƕȕ ȊȖȏȓȍȎȐȚ ȕȈ ȊȖȌȈȝ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ, ȏȈȗȖȓȕȧȦȡȐȝ ȗȖȓȖȊȐȕț ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, Ȉ Ȑȏ ȗțȗȈ ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț ȊȣȘȈșȚȈȍȚ ȓȖȚȖș, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȘȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ - ȖȚȍȞ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ Ȑ ȋȓȈȊȕȣȑ șȘȍȌȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊȒȖȕșȚȘțȒȚȖȘȖȊ, țȟȈșȚȊțȦȡȐȝ Ȋ șȖȏȌȈȕȐȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȘȧȌȒȈ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ Ȑ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȝ ȍȦ. ǪȕțȚȘȐ șȚȍȉȓȧ ȓȖȚȖșȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȕȣȍ șȐșȚȍȔȣ ȟȍȚȣȘȕȈȌȞȈȚȐ ȚȐȗȖȊ. ǷȓȈȕȍȚȣ ȚȐȗȈ ǯȍȔȓȐ ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȣ ȗȖșȍȘȍȌȐȕȍ. ǵȈȌ ȕȐȔȐ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȌȘțȋȐȍ, ȓțȟȠȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȕȣȍ șȐșȚȍȔȣ, ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȈȧ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȈ ȐȓȐ ǹȈȚȑȈȓȖȒȈ. ǷȖȌ șȐșȚȍȔȖȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ ȚȐȗȈ ǯȍȔȓȐ ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȣ șȍȔȤ ȕȐȏȠȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȕȣȝ șȐșȚȍȔ, ȕȈșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȈșțȘȈȔȐ Ȑ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȔȐ ȐȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǰȏ ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȧ DzȠȐȘȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ 106


107 ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȗȉȡȍȑ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȖȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. ǭȋȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ǽȈȘȐ, Ȑ Ƕȕ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ ȊȖ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. ǰȏ ȊȣȠȍșȒȈȏȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȗțȘțȠȈ-ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȘȍȝ ȈșȗȍȒȚȈȝ: ȗȍȘȊȣȑ - DzȈȘȈȕȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ, șȖȏȌȈȦȡȐȑ șȖȊȖȒțȗȕȖșȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȐȕȋȘȍȌȐȍȕȚȖȊ Ȋ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȍ; ȊȚȖȘȖȑ - ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌțȦ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ, Ȑ ȚȘȍȚȐȑ - DzȠȐȘȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȑșȧ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȖȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȉȢȍȒȚȖȊ - Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȝ, Ȑ ȕȍȎȐȊȣȝ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖșȚȐȋ ȥȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȈșȗȍȒȚȣ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȗ ǩȖȋȍ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȥȚȖȔț, ȗȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȦ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ», ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖșȚȐ: ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ, șȔȍȘȚȐ, șȚȈȘȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȉȖ ȓȍȏȕȍȑ. ǬȈȕȕȈȧ ȠȓȖȒȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȒȘȈȚȒȐȔ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍȔ ǴȈȝȈǪȐȠȕț. ǴȈȝȈ-ǪȐȠȕț ȗȖ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȊȖȓȍ ȓȖȎȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȕȍȉȈ. ǰȚȈȒ, Ƕȕ ȊȖȏȓȍȎȐȚ ȕȈ ȖȒȍȈȕȍ ȒȈȘȈȕȈ, ȖȚȒțȌȈ Ƕȕ ȉȘȖșȈȍȚ ȊȏȋȓȧȌ ȕȈ ǹȊȖȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȕȖȊȍȕȐȦ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ. ǯȈȘȧȎȍȕȕȈȧ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ șȖȏȌȈȍȚ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȌȍȘȍȊț, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ Ȋ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȑ șȘȖȒ țȒȘȈȠȈȍȚșȧ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȒȖȓȐȟȍșȚȊȖȔ ȏȘȍȓȣȝ ȗȓȖȌȖȊ. ǯȍȔȓȍȌȍȓȍȞ șȈȎȈȍȚ șȍȔȧ, Ȑ șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ Ȑȏ ȕȍȋȖ ȊȣȘȈșȚȈȍȚ ȌȍȘȍȊȖ ȐȓȐ ȓȖȏȈ șȖ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖȔ ȗȓȖȌȖȊ. ǵȐȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȉȍȏ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȒȍȈȕ DzȈȘȈȕȈ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ǷȘȐȟȐȕȕȣȔ ȖȒȍȈȕȖȔ. DzȈȘȈȕȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȣȑ». ǵȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȉȍȏȌțȔȕȖ șȖȋȓȈȠȈȚȤșȧ ș ȈȚȍȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȚȍȖȘȐȍȑ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚșȧ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖȍ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ȈȚȍȐșȚȖȊ. ǨȚȍȐșȚ ȕȍ ȊȍȘȐȚ Ȋ ȚȊȖȘȞȈ, ȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȎȐȚȤ ȓțȟȠȍȑ ȚȍȖȘȐȐ, ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȦȡȍȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕț ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ. ǩȍȏ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȗțȘțȠȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤȦ ȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ, ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȒȈȒ ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȐ, ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȘȖȌȐȚȤ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ ȉȍȏ șȊȧȏȐ ș ȗțȘțȠȍȑ, ȔțȎȟȐȕȖȑ. ǷțȘțȠȈ ȖȗȓȖȌȖȚȊȖȘȧȍȚ, Ȉ ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȐ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȈȍȚ. ǵȍ șȚȖȐȚ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȚȤ ȕȈȓȐȟȐȍ ȔȖȓȖȒȈ Ȋ ȔȧșȐșȚȣȝ ȊȣȘȖșȚȈȝ ȕȈ Ƞȍȍ ȒȖȏȣ, ȝȖȚȧ ȊȕȍȠȕȍ ȖȕȐ Ȑ ȗȖȝȖȎȐ ȕȈ șȖșȒȐ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, Ȑ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȐȕȋȘȍȌȐȍȕȚȖȊ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖȎȐȌȈȚȤ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ șȖȏȐȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ șȐȓȣ. Ǵȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȊȍȘȐȚȤ Ȋ șȐȓț ȗțȘțȠȐ, ȖȗȓȖȌȖȚȊȖȘȧȦȡȍȋȖ ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȐ, ȗȘȐȘȖȌț. ǮȍȓȈȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȖȏȓȍȟȤ Ȋ ȔȍȌȐȚȈȞȐȐ ȉȣȓȖ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ șȖȏȌȈȓȈ Ȋșȍ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȖȏȓȍȋ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ. ǺȈȒ, ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȉȣȓȐ șȖȏȌȈȕȣ Ȋșȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ șȖ ȊșȍȔȐ Ȑȝ ȈȚȘȐȉțȚȈȔȐ. ȅȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȣ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț Ƕȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖșȚțȗȈȚȤ, ȒȈȒ ǭȔț țȋȖȌȕȖ, ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȧȧ ǹȊȖȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȓȈȕȣ, ȝȖȚȧ ǭȔț ǹȈȔȖȔț Ȑ ȕȍ ȕțȎȕȖ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ. ǵȍȚ ȕȐȒȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȐȓ ȉȣ ǭȋȖ ȐȓȐ ȉȣȓ ȘȈȊȍȕ ǭȔț. ǺȈȒȖȊȖ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȑȈșȑȈȊȈȑȈȊȈ-șȈȔșȚȝȈȕȈȐȝ ȒȈȓȗȐȚȖ ȓȖȒȈ-ȊȐșȚȈȘȈȝ ȚȈȌ ȊȈȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȖ ȘțȗȈȔ ȊȐȠțȌȌȝȈȔ șȈȚȚȊȈȔ țȘȌȎȐȚȈȔ ȑȈșȑȈ - ȟȤȍ; ȈȊȈȑȈȊȈ - ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȍ ȚȍȓȈ; șȈȔșȚȝȈȕȈȐȝ - ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȍ; ȒȈȓȗȐȚȈȝ - ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ; ȓȖȒȈ - ȕȈșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ; ȊȐșȚȈȘȈȝ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȍ; ȚȈȚ ȊȈȐ - ȕȖ ȥȚȖ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȘțȗȈȔ - ȚȍȓȖ; ȊȐȠțȌȌȝȈȔ - ȟȐșȚȖ; șȈȚȚȊȈȔ - ȉȣȚȐȍ; țȘȌȎȐȚȈȔ - ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ. ǹȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȕȣȍ șȐșȚȍȔȣ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȘȈșȗȖȓȈȋȈȦȚșȧ ȕȈ 107


108 ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȔ Țȍȓȍ ȗțȘțȠȐ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȈȔȐ. ǭȋȖ ȚȍȓȖ ȊȍȟȕȖ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȉȣȚȐȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ȊȐȘȈȚ-Șțȗȣ, ȐȓȐ ȊȐȠȊȈ-Șțȗȣ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȈ, ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȖȜȐȚȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȚȤ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǭȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȜȖȘȔȈ - ȕȍȟȚȖ, ȐȔȍȦȡȍȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ Ȓ ȥȚȖȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȔȐȘț, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȍȓȧ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȈ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȈȧ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȈȚȤ ȍȔț ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȚȤ șȊȖȑ țȔ ȕȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. DzȈȒ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȓȖșȤ ȊȣȠȍ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ ǹȊȖȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȦȡȍȑ Ȋ șȍȉȧ Ȋșȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȣ. ǷȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ (Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ) Ȑ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȒȈȒ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ șȔȣșȓȍ ȍȌȐȕȣ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȔȈȝȈȚȚȈȚȚȊȈ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȈ ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ Ȑ ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ ȌȘțȋ ȖȚ ȌȘțȋȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ȊȐȘȈȚ-Șțȗȣ ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȕȈ ȖȚ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȐȔȗȍȘșȖȕȈȓȐșȚȈ. ǪȍȟȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȌȖ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȣ, Ȑ ȏȌȍșȤ ȗȖȌȟȍȘȒȐȊȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȈ ȊȍȟȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈ Ȓ ȋțȕȈȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ȅȚȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ǭȋȖ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, Ȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ ȔȕȖȋȖȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȑ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈ Ȑ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȗȈȠȑȈȕȚȑ ȈȌȖ ȘțȗȈȔ ȈȌȈȉȝȘȈ-ȟȈȒȠțȠȈ șȈȝȈșȘȈ-ȗȈȌȖȘț-ȉȝțȌȎȈȕȈȕȈȌȉȝțȚȈȔ șȈȝȈșȘȈ-ȔțȘȌȝȈ-ȠȘȈȊȈȕȈȒȠȐ-ȕȈșȐȒȈȔ șȈȝȈșȘȈ-ȔȈțȓȑ-ȈȔȉȈȘȈ-ȒțȕȌȈȓȖȓȓȈșȈȚ ȗȈȠȑȈȕȚȐ - ȊȐȌȧȚ; ȈȌȈȝ - ȖȉȘȈȏ ȗțȘțȠȐ; ȘțȗȈȔ - ȜȖȘȔț; ȈȌȈȉȝȘȈ - șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ; ȟȈȒȠțȠȈ - ȋȓȈȏȈȔȐ; șȈȝȈșȘȈ-ȗȈȌȈ - ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȕȖȋ; țȘț - ȉȍȌȍȘ; ȉȝțȌȎȈ-ȈȕȈȕȈ - ȘțȒ Ȑ ȓȐȞ; ȈȌȉȝțȚȈȔ - țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ; șȈȝȈșȘȈ - ȚȣșȧȟȐ; ȔțȘȌȝȈ - ȋȖȓȖȊ; ȠȘȈȊȈȕȈ - țȠȍȑ; ȈȒȠȐ - ȋȓȈȏ; ȕȈșȐȒȈȔ - ȕȖșȖȊ; șȈȝȈșȘȈ - ȚȣșȧȟȐ; ȔȈțȓȐ - ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌ; ȈȔȉȈȘȈ - ȖȌȍȎȌ; ȒțȕȌȈȓȈ - șȍȘȍȋ; țȓȓȈșȈȚ - șȊȍȘȒȈȦȡȐȝ. ǹȊȖȐȔȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȋȓȈȏȈȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ șȖȏȍȘȞȈȦȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȜȖȘȔț ȗțȘțȠȐ, ȐȔȍȦȡȍȋȖ ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȕȍȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȕȖȋ, ȉȍȌȍȘ, ȘțȒ Ȑ ȓȐȒȖȊ. ǻ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȋȖȓȖȊ, țȠȍȑ, ȋȓȈȏ Ȑ ȕȖșȖȊ. ǶȕȖ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȖ ȚȣșȧȟȈȔȐ ȠȓȍȔȖȊ, ȋȐȘȓȧȕȌ Ȑ șȊȍȘȒȈȦȡȐȝ șȍȘȍȋ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȐȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔȐ Ȕȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵțȎȕȖ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤ ȕȈȠȐ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȚȒȘȖȍȚșȧ ȕȈȔ ǹȈȔ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. Ǫ ǪȍȌȈȝ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȖȚȒȘȣȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȕȈȔ. Ǫ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șȈȔȝȐȚȍ» șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȟȤȐ ȋȓȈȏȈ țȔȈȡȍȕȣ ȉȈȓȤȏȈȔȖȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȊȐȌȧȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺȈȒ ȟȚȖ ȕȈȔ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȖȓțȟȈȚȤ ȐȕȜȖȘȔȈȞȐȦ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ 108


109 ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȚ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȌȍȑșȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȊȐȌȐȚ ǭȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȋȓȈȏȈȔȐ, țȔȈȡȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȉȈȓȤȏȈȔȖȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǰ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ Ȕȣ ȕȍ Ȋșȍ ȊȐȌȐȔ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȋȓȈȏȈȔȐ: ȐȕȖȋȌȈ Ȕȣ șȔȖȚȘȐȔ șȒȊȖȏȤ ȗȘȐȏȔț ȖȗȣȚȈ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȊȐȌȍȓ ȐȓȐ ȌȍȓȈȓ ȥȚȖ șȈȔ. ǭșȓȐ ȥȚȖȚ șȗȖșȖȉ ȗȘȐȔȍȕȐȔ Ȍȓȧ ȊȖșȗȘȐȧȚȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȖȉȢȍȒȚȖȊ, ȚȖ Ȗȕ ȚȍȔ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȌȝȖȌȐȚ Ȍȓȧ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȍȘȗȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȕȈșȚȖȑȟȐȊȖșȚȤ ȔȖȋțȚ ȌȈȚȤ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȗȘȐȑȚȐ Ȓ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ Ȑ ǭȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȜȖȘȔ. Ǭȓȧ ȕȍȖȜȐȚȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȜȖȘȔȣ, ȕȖ ȖȗȣȚȕȣȑ șȓțȋȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȐȌȐȚ ǭȋȖ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȥȚȈȕ ȕȈȕȈȊȈȚȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȕȐȌȝȈȕȈȔ ȉȐȌȎȈȔ ȈȊȑȈȑȈȔ ȑȈșȑȈȔȠȈȔȠȍȕȈ șȘȐȌȎȑȈȕȚȍ ȌȍȊȈ-ȚȐȘȑȈȕ-ȕȈȘȈȌȈȑȈȝ ȥȚȈȚ - ȥȚȈ (ȜȖȘȔȈ); ȕȈȕȈ - ȔȕȖȋȖȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȝ; ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈȕȈȔ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ; ȕȐȌȝȈȕȈȔ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ; ȉȐȌȎȈȔ - șȍȔȧ; ȈȊȑȈȑȈȔ - ȕȍȘȈȏȘțȠȐȔȖȍ; ȑȈșȑȈ - ȟȤȧ; ȈȔȠȈ - ȗȖȓȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ; ȈȔȠȍȕȈ - ȟȈșȚȤ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ; șȘȐȌȎȑȈȕȚȍ - șȖȏȌȈȍȚ; ȌȍȊȈ - ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; ȚȐȘȑȈȒ - ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ; ȕȈȘȈ-ȈȌȈȑȈȝ - ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȑ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȝ. ȅȚȈ ȜȖȘȔȈ [ȊȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȗțȘțȠȐ] - ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ Ȑ ȕȍțȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȔȖȍ șȍȔȧ ȔȕȖȋȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȖ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. ǰȏ ȟȈșȚȍȑ Ȑ ȟȈșȚȐȞ ȥȚȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ șȖȏȌȈȦȚșȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ: ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, ȓȦȌȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȖȏȌȈȊ Ȋ ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȚȈȚȚȊȍ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ, ȗțȘțȠȈ ȊȖȠȍȓ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌțȦ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț, ȊȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȗțȘțȠȐ. ǻȊȐȌȍȊ, ȟȚȖ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȚȤȔȣ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕșȚȊȈ, Ȑ ȕȍȚ ȔȍșȚȈ, ȋȌȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȉȣ ȖȚȌȖȝȕțȚȤ, Ƕȕ ȕȈȗȖȓȕȐȓ ȗȖȓȖȊȐȕț ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȊȓȈȋȖȑ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȖȚȈ Ȑ ȊȖȏȓȍȋ ȕȈ ȥȚȐȝ ȊȖȌȈȝ. ȅȚȐ ȊȖȌȣ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈ. ǯȈȚȍȔ Ȑȏ ǭȋȖ ȗțȗȈ ȊȣȘȖș ȓȖȚȖș, Ȑ ȕȈ ȓȍȗȍșȚȒȈȝ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȞȊȍȚȒȈ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȋȓȈȊȕȣȑ ȒȖȕșȚȘțȒȚȖȘ ȔȐȘȖȏȌȈȕȐȧ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈ șȚȈȓ ȒȖȕșȚȘțȒȚȖȘȖȔ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, Ȉ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ǪȐȠȕț Ȋȏȧȓ ȕȈ ǹȍȉȧ ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȏȈ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕ ȘȈȌȎȖ-ȋțȕȖȑ ȗȘȈȒȘȐȚȐ, ȋțȕȖȑ șȚȘȈșȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, Ȉ ǪȐȠȕț șȚȈȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ. DzȈȒ țȎȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȓȖșȤ, ǪȐȠȕț ȕȍ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕ ȊȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊȐȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ƕȕ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ ȋțȕȈȔ. ǶȚ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȍȓ ǸțȌȘȈ (ȀȐȊȈ), ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȏȈ ȋțȕț ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, ȋțȕț ȚȤȔȣ. ǷȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȗȕ ȘȈȏȘțȠȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȋșȍ ȚȘȖȍ - ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ǪȐȠȕț Ȑ ȀȐȊȈ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț. ǶȚ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȧȚ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, ȒȈȒ ǬȈȒȠȈ, ǴȈȘȐȟȐ, ǴȈȕț Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȌȘțȋȐȍ, ȗȖȘȖȎȌȈȦȡȐȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. ǪȍȌȣ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȦȚ ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț Ȋ ȋȐȔȕȈȝ «ǫȈȘȉȝȈ-șȚțȚȐ», ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȚșȧ ș ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȐȔȍȦȡȍȋȖ ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȋȖȓȖȊ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǪȓȈȌȣȒȖȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, Ȑ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȒȈȒ ȉțȌȚȖ ȓȍȎȐȚ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, Ƕȕ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ. ȅȚȖ țȎȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȓȖșȤ. ǪȐȠȕț, ȗȖȓȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț, - ȥȚȖ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ ȊșȍȓȍȕșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. Ƕȕ - ȝȘȈȕȐȚȍȓȤ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, DzȠȐȘȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț. ǺȈȒ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȦȚșȧ ȚȘȐ ȐȗȖșȚȈșȐ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȗțȘțȠȐ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȐșȝȖȌȧȚ Ȑȏ DzȠȐȘȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț. 109


110 Ǫ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȥȗȖȝȐ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȐȔ ȕȍȚ ȟȐșȓȈ, ȝȖȚȧ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȊȣȌȍȓȧȦȚșȧ ȖșȖȉȖ, ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ǴȈȚșȑȈ, DzțȘȔȈ, ǪȈȘȈȝȈ, ǸȈȔȈ, ǵȘȐșȐȔȝȈ, ǪȈȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȌȘțȋȐȍ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȓȐȓȈ-ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈȔȐ. ǯȈȚȍȔ ȍșȚȤ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ: ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ǪȐȠȕț Ȑ ȀȐȊȈ (ǸțȌȘȈ), - ȖȚȊȍȟȈȦȡȐȍ ȏȈ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȋțȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǪȐȠȕț ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȍȕ ȖȚ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȗȘȖȔȍȎțȚȖȟȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȔȍȎȌț dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȌȎȐȊȈȔȐ. ǩȘȈȝȔȈ - ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌȎȐȊȈ-ȚȈȚȚȊȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈȌȍȓȧȍȚ ǹȊȖȍȑ șȖȏȐȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ șȈȔȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȐȔȍȕțȦȚ ǩȘȈȝȔȖȑ. ǭȋȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȈ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ șȖȓȕȞȈ, ȖȚȘȈȎȍȕȕȖȑ Ȋ ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȣȝ ȒȈȔȕȧȝ Ȑ ȦȊȍȓȐȘȕȣȝ ȐȏȌȍȓȐȧȝ. ǭșȓȐ ȕȍȚ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȖȋȖ ȊȏȧȚȤ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȍȋȖ ȔȍșȚȖ Ȑ ǹȈȔ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȖȑ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ - ȕȍ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ. Ƕȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȤȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȖ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ șȖȗȘȐȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ, ȍȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț. ǴȍȎȌț ȕȐȔȐ ȚȈȒȈȧ Ȏȍ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȈ, ȒȈȒ ȔȍȎȌț ȔȖȓȖȒȖȔ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȚȖȒȊȈȠȍȑ. ǷȘȖșȚȖȒȊȈȠȈ - ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȔȖȓȖȒȖ, ȕȖ ȍȍ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ ȒȈȒ ȔȖȓȖȒȖ. ǬȈȓȍȍ ȐȌțȚ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǴȈȕț. Ǫ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ Ȍȕȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ (ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȗȖ ȕȈȠȍȔț ȐșȟȐșȓȍȕȐȦ ȘȈȊȕȧȍȚșȧ 4 300 000 ȝ 1 000 șȖȓȕȍȟȕȣȝ ȓȍȚ) ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ ȟȍȚȣȘȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ǴȈȕț. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȕȈ ȖȌȐȕ ȔȍșȧȞ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚșȧ 420 ǴȈȕț, Ȉ ȕȈ ȖȌȐȕ ȍȋȖ ȋȖȌ - 5 040 ǴȈȕț. ǩȘȈȝȔȈ ȎȐȊȍȚ șȚȖ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȓȍȚ, Ȑ, ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȏȈ ȥȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ 5 040 ȝ 100 ȐȓȐ 504 000 ǴȈȕț. Ǫșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ, Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȍșȚȤ șȊȖȑ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ șȖȏȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȑ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȦȚșȧ ȏȈ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȊȣȌȖȝȈ Ȑ ȊȌȖȝȈ ȗțȘțȠȐ. ǺȈȒ ȟȚȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȤ șȍȉȍ, șȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȖȊ ǴȈȕț ȗȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȊȏȌȖȝȈ ȗțȘțȠȐ. Ǫ ȕȈȠȍȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȊȣȌȍȓȧȦȚșȧ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȍ ǴȈȕț: DZȈȌȎȕȈ ȒȈȒ ǹȊȈȑȈȔȉȝțȊȈ ǴȈȕț, ǪȐȉȝț ȒȈȒ ǹȊȈȘȖȟȐȠȈ ǴȈȕț, ǹȈȚȑȈșȍȕȈ ȒȈȒ ǻȚȚȈȔȈ ǴȈȕț, ǽȈȘȐ ȒȈȒ ǺȈȔȈșȈ ǴȈȕț, ǪȈȐȒțȕȚȝȈ ȒȈȒ ǸȈȐȊȈȚȈ ǴȈȕț, ǨȌȎȐȚȈ ȒȈȒ ǿȈȒȠțȠȈ ǴȈȕț, ǪȈȔȈȕȈ ȒȈȒ ǪȈȐȊȈșȊȈȚȈ ǴȈȕț (Ȋ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȔ ȊȍȒȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȚ ǪȈȐȊȈșȊȈȚȈ ǴȈȕț), ǹȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȈ ȒȈȒ ǹȈȊȈȘȕȐ ǴȈȕț, ǸȐȠȈȉȝȈ ȒȈȒ ǬȈȒȠȈ-șȈȊȈȘȕȐ ǴȈȕț, ǪȐȠȊȈȒșȍȕȈ ȒȈȒ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șȈȊȈȘȕȐ ǴȈȕț, ǬȝȈȘȔȈșȍȚț ȒȈȒ ǬȝȈȘȔȈ-șȈȊȈȘȕȐ ǴȈȕț, ǹțȌȝȈȔȈ ȒȈȒ ǸțȌȘȈ-șȈȊȈȘȕȐ ǴȈȕț, DZȖȋȍȠȊȈȘȈ ȒȈȒ ǬȍȊȈ-șȈȊȈȘȕȐ ǴȈȕț Ȑ ǩȘȐȝȈȌȉȝȈȕț ȒȈȒ ǰȕȌȘȈ-șȈȊȈȘȕȐ ǴȈȕț. DzȈȒ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ ȊȣȠȍ, ȖȉȡȈȧ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȞȐȒȓȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȕȈȌȞȈȚȐ ǴȈȕț - 4 300 000 000 șȖȓȕȍȟȕȣȝ ȓȍȚ. ǭșȚȤ ȍȡȍ ȑțȋȈȊȈȚȈȘȣ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ Ȍȓȧ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȦȋȐ: ǹȈȚȤȧ, ǺȘȍȚȈ, ǬȊȈȗȈȘȈ Ȑ DzȈȓȐ. ǪȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌțȦ Ȧȋț ȐȔȍȍȚ șȊȖȑ ȞȊȍȚ: ȉȍȓȣȑ, ȒȘȈșȕȣȑ, ȟȍȘȕȣȑ Ȑ ȎȍȓȚȣȑ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǬȊȈȗȈȘȈ-Ȧȋț Ȋ Țȍȓȍ ȟȍȘȕȖȋȖ ȞȊȍȚȈ, Ȉ Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț Ȋ Țȍȓȍ ȎȍȓȚȖȋȖ ȞȊȍȚȈ ȧȊȐȓșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȋșȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȍȘȍȟȐșȓȍȕȣ Ȋ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ. ǹȈȔȖȏȊȈȕȍȞ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ țȗȖȔȧȕțȚȖ Ȋ ȠȈșȚȘȈȝ. ǪȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȖȉȢȧȊȓȧȦȚ șȍȉȧ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȔȐ. ǰȝ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȧȦȚ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȗȖ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȈȔ, țȒȈȏȈȕȕȣȔ Ȋ 110


111 ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ. Ǫ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȐ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȒȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȈȧ ȔȐșșȐȧ. ǵȍ șȟȐȚȈȧ ȗȘȧȔȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ, șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȚȈȒȎȍ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ȉȣȊȈȦȚ țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȒȈȒ ȗȘȧȔȖ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ. ǷȘȧȔȖ țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȔȐ, Ȉ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȐȉȝțȚȐ. Dz ȗȘȧȔȖ țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȔ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ DzțȔȈȘȣ, ǵȈȘȈȌȈ, ǷȘȐȚȝț, ȀȍȠȈ, ǨȕȈȕȚȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȊȐȉȝțȚȐ, ȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȕȣ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» Ȋ ȋȓȈȊȍ «ǪȐȉȝțȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈ». ǷȍȘȊȖȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ Ȏȍ Ȋșȍȝ ȚȐȗȖȊ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǫȈȘȉȝȖȌȈȒȈȠȈȑȐ ǪȐȠȕț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 șȈ ȥȊȈ ȗȘȈȚȝȈȔȈȔ ȌȍȊȈȝ ȒȈțȔȈȘȈȔ șȈȘȋȈȔ ȈȠȘȐȚȈȝ ȟȈȟȈȘȈ ȌțȠȟȈȘȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȑȈȔ ȈȒȝȈȕȌȐȚȈȔ șȈȝ - ȚȖ; ȥȊȈ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȗȘȈȚȝȈȔȈȔ - ȊȕȈȟȈȓȍ; ȌȍȊȈȝ - ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȒȈțȔȈȘȈȔ - ȐȔȍȕțȍȔȣȍ DzțȔȈȘȈȔȐ (ȕȍȎȍȕȈȚȣȔȐ); șȈȘȋȈȔ - ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ; ȈȠȘȐȚȈȝ - Ȋ; ȟȈȟȈȘȈ - șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȐ; ȌțȠȟȈȘȈȔ - ȚȘțȌȕȖȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȔȖȍ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ - ȕȈ țȘȖȊȕȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȑȈȔ - ȕȈȓȖȎȐȊ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȤȦ Ȍȓȧ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȈ (ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ); ȈȒȝȈȕȌȐȚȈȔ - ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕțȦ. ǷȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ, Ȋ șȈȔȖȔ ȕȈȟȈȓȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȗȖȧȊȐȓȐșȤ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȕȍȎȍȕȈȚȣȝ șȣȕȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ [DzțȔȈȘȣ], ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȓȐ ȖȉȍȚ ȉȍȏȉȘȈȟȐȧ Ȑ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȋȈȓȐ șȍȉȧ șțȘȖȊȣȔ ȈșȒȍȏȈȔ ȘȈȌȐ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ șȖȏȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȈȍȚșȧ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȔȍȎțȚȒȐ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ. ǰ Ȋ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȐ ȖȚ ȒȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ - ȖȚȞȈ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ ȒȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȖȋȖ ȞȐȒȓȈ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ - ȥȚȐ ȞȐȒȓȣ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȕȖșȧȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȧ. DzțȔȈȘȣ, ȒȈȒ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ ȊȣȠȍ, ȗȖȧȊȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȞȐȒȓȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȖȔ DzȈțȔȈȘȈ. ǶȕȐ ȕȈȓȖȎȐȓȐ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ șțȘȖȊȣȍ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȤȐ, ȌȈȊ ȖȉȍȚ ȉȍȏȉȘȈȟȐȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈțȟȐȚȤ ȕȈș, ȒȈȒ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ. DzțȔȈȘȣ - țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ. ǷȘȍȎȌȍ ȟȍȔ ȕȈȓȈȋȈȚȤ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ șțȘȖȊȣȍ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȤȐ, ȖȕȐ șȚȈȓȐ ȒȊȈȓȐȜȐȞȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȔȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔȐ. ȅȚȖȚ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ șȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȕțȎȕȖ șȚȈȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ, ȗȘȐȟȍȔ ȕȍ ȗȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ, Ȉ ȗȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔ, Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȐșȚțȗȈȚȤ Ȓ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȌȊȐȚȐȑȈȔ Țț ȉȝȈȊȈȑȈșȑȈ ȘȈșȈȚȈȓȈ-ȋȈȚȈȔ ȔȈȝȐȔ țȌȌȝȈȘȐȠȑȈȕȕ țȗȈȌȈȚȚȈ ȑȈȌȎȕȍȠȈȝ șȈțȒȈȘȈȔ ȊȈȗțȝ ȌȊȐȚȐȑȈȔ - ȊȚȖȘȈȧ; Țț - Ȉ; ȉȝȈȊȈȑȈ - ȘȈȌȐ ȉȓȈȋȈ; ȈșȑȈ - ȥȚȖȑ ǯȍȔȓȐ; ȘȈșȈȚȈȓȈ - Ȑȏ ȕȐȏȠȍȑ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ; ȋȈȚȈȔ - ȗȖȗȈȊȠțȦ; ȔȈȝȐȔ - ǯȍȔȓȦ; țȌȌȝȈȘȐȠȑȈȕ - ȗȖȌȕȧȊ; țȗȈȌȈȚȚȈ - ȊȖȌȘțȏȐȓ; ȑȈȌȎȕȍȠȈȝ - ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ, ȐȓȐ ȊȣșȠȐȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ; 111


112 șȈțȒȈȘȈȔ - Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ȊȍȗȘȧ; ȊȈȗțȝ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ ȊșȍȔȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ȊȍȗȘȧ [ȊȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ] Ȑ ȘȈȌȐ ȉȓȈȋȈ ǯȍȔȓȐ ȗȖȌȕȧȓ ȍȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȏȠȐȝ ȖȉȓȈșȚȍȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȒ ȊȐȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȚȐȝȈ, Ȍȓȧ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȒȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȈȧ ȔȐșșȐȧ. ǪȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȒȈȒȖȑȚȖ ȔȐșșȐȐ, Ȑ ȥȚȈ ȔȐșșȐȧ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȍȖȘȌȐȕȈȘȕȈ. ǶȕȈ ȕȍ ȗȖȌ șȐȓț ȕȐ ȖȌȕȖȔț ȎȐȊȖȔț șțȡȍșȚȊț. ǪȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ȊȍȗȘȧ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤ ǯȍȔȓȦ Ȑȏ ȕȍȟȐșȚȖȑ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ǷȓțȚȖȕȈ. ǸȣȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȕȍȟȐșȚȣȝ ȔȍșȚȈȝ - ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ ȊȍȗȘȧ, Ȑ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȧȊȐȓȈ ȥȚȖ ȟțȌȖ ȈșțȘȈȔ, șȗȘȧȚȈȊȠȐȔ ǯȍȔȓȦ Ȋ ȋȘȧȏȕȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ. Ǭȓȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖȋȖ, Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ǭȔț, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ Ƕȕ ȐȋȘȈȍȚ ȘȖȓȤ ȊȍȗȘȧ, ȐȉȖ Ƕȕ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȚȘȐȚȐȑȈȔ ȘȐȠȐ-șȈȘȋȈȔ ȊȈȐ ȌȍȊȈȘȠȐȚȊȈȔ țȗȍȚȑȈ șȈȝ ȚȈȕȚȘȈȔ șȈȚȊȈȚȈȔ ȈȟȈȠȚȈ ȕȈȐȠȒȈȘȔȑȈȔ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȚȈȝ ȚȘȐȚȐȑȈȔ - Ȋ ȚȘȍȚȤȦ; ȘȐȠȐ-șȈȘȋȈȔ - Ȋ ȥȗȖȝț ȘȐȠȐ; ȊȈȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȌȍȊȈȘȠȐȚȊȈȔ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ȘȐȠȐ șȘȍȌȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; țȗȍȚȑȈ - ȗȘȐȕȧȊ; șȈȝ - Ȗȕ; ȚȈȕȚȘȈȔ - ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ; șȈȚȊȈȚȈȔ - șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ; ȈȟȈȠȚȈ - șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ; ȕȈȐȠȒȈȘȔȑȈȔ - ȕȍ ȘȈȌȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȈȔ - ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȑȈȚȈȝ - Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ. Ǫ ȥȗȖȝț ȘȐȠȐ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȧȊȐȓȈșȤ ȒȈȒ ȚȘȍȚȤȍ țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ǬȍȊȈȘȠȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ, ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ șȘȍȌȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ. Ƕȕ șȖȉȘȈȓ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȌ, ȒȈșȈȦȡȐȍșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȊȌȖȝȕȖȊȓȧȦȡȐȍ ȕȈ ȉȍșȒȖȘȣșȚȕțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ ǸȐȠȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ, țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȖ Ȋșȍȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. Ǫșȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȚȍȓȈȝ, ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȝșȧ Ȓ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ ȊȐȌȈȔ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȎȐȊțȡȐȍ ȕȈ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, - țȟȍȕȐȒȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, șȖșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», - ȚȈȒȎȍ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȍȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȒȖȊ. ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȈȊȚȖȘȖȔ «ǵȈȘȈȌȈ-ȗȈȕȟȈȘȈȚȘȣ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚ ǪȍȌȣ ș ȚȖȟȒȐ ȏȘȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. «ǵȈȘȈȌȈ-ȗȈȕȟȈȘȈȚȘȈ» țȟȐȚ ȒȈȘȔȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȚȘțȌȐȚșȧ ȘȈȌȐ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȒȈȒ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. Ǭȓȧ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȈ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȌțȠ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȘȐȊȓȍ ȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȈ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȖȕȐ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ, ȚȘțȌȧșȤ Ȋ ȗȖȚȍ ȓȐȞȈ șȊȖȍȋȖ. ǪșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ ȕȈșȍȓȧȦȚ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ȘȈȌȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȚȘțȌȈ. DzȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȧ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȋȘȈȔȔȣ ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ. ǵȖ ȗȖ ȏȈȒȖȕț ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ ȒȈȎȌȖȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ ȊȓȍȟȍȚ ȏȈ șȖȉȖȑ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ, Ȑ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȍȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ, șȊȧȏȈȕ ȥȚȐȔȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧȔȐ șȊȖȍȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȝȖȘȖȠȐȔȐ ȐȓȐ ȗȓȖȝȐȔȐ. ǸȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ - ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȍ, ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ Ȏȍ ȗȓȖȝȐȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ - ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ. ǵȖ 112


113 ȓȦȉȣȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ țșȓȖȊȐȧ Ȑ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șȟȈșȚȤȍȔ, Ȑ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȤȍȔ, Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȖȉȘȍȒȈȦȚ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȈ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ. ǫȓțȗȣȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȣ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȦȚ, ȒȈȒ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ șȟȈșȚȤȧ Ȋ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȖȔ ȕȍȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ. ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ șȖȖȉȡȈȍȚ ȥȚȐȔ ȋȓțȗȣȔ ȒȈȘȔȐ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȉȖȓȤȕȣȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȚȈ Ȏȍ șȈȔȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȖȕȐ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚșȧ șȍȑȟȈș, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȣȊȍșȚȐ Ȑȝ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǩȖȓȤȕȖȔț, ț ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȐȧ ȔȖȓȖȟȕȖȑ ȗȐȡȐ ȕȈȘțȠȍȕȖ ȗȐȡȍȊȈȘȍȕȐȍ, ȊȘȈȟ ȗȘȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚ ȌȘțȋȖȑ ȔȖȓȖȟȕȣȑ ȗȘȖȌțȒȚ - ȗȘȖșȚȖȒȊȈȠț. ǺȈȒ ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȐ Ȑ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖ, ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȦȡȍȍ ȖȚ ȕȍȍ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȣ, ȕȖ ȗȘȖȊȖȌȐȚȤ ȓȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖȗȣȚȕȣȑ ȊȘȈȟ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȑ ǵȈȘȈȌȍ. «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȈ» ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȍȚ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȘȍȠȍȕȐȍ: șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȧ ǭȔț ȗȓȖȌȣ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȚȘțȌȈ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȊȣȊȍȌȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȕȈȐȠȒȈȘȔȑȐ, ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȚțȘȑȍ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȒȈȓȈ-șȈȘȋȍ ȕȈȘȈ-ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȊ ȘȐȠȐ ȉȝțȚȊȈȚȔȖȗȈȠȈȔȖȗȍȚȈȔ ȈȒȈȘȖȚ ȌțȠȟȈȘȈȔ ȚȈȗȈȝ ȚțȘȑȍ - ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȈȧ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȘȧȌț; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȒȈȓȈ - ț Ȏȍȕȣ ǬȝȈȘȔȈȘȈȌȎȐ; șȈȘȋȍ ȘȖȌȐȓȐșȤ; ȕȈȘȈ-ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȈț - ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǵȈȘȈ Ȑ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ; ȘȐȠȐ - ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; ȉȝțȚȊȈ șȚȈȊ; ȈȚȔȈ-țȗȈȠȈȔȈ - ȊȓȈȌȍȦȡȐȔȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔȐ; țȗȍȚȈȔ - Ȍȓȧ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ; ȈȒȈȘȖȌ ȕȈȓȖȎȐȓȐ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ; ȌțȠȟȈȘȈȔ - ȖȟȍȕȤ șțȘȖȊȣȍ; ȚȈȗȈȝ - ȍȗȐȚȐȔȤȐ. Ǫ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȐȓșȧ ȒȈȒ ǵȈȘȈ Ȑ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ ȉȓȐȏȕȍȞȣ, șȣȕȖȊȤȧ Ȏȍȕȣ ȞȈȘȧ ǬȝȈȘȔȣ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȖȉțȏȌȈȚȤ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ, Ƕȕ ȕȈȓȈȋȈȓ ȕȈ ǹȍȉȧ șțȘȖȊȣȍ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȍ ȗȖȌȘȈȎȈȕȐȧ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȤȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ȞȈȘȧ ǸȐȠȈȉȝȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ƕȕ ȌȈȓ ǹȊȖȐȔ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔ, ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȌȖȓȋ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ - ȚȈȗȈșȑȈ, ȌȖȉȘȖȊȖȓȤȕȖȍ ȕȈȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȐȑ ȘȈȌȐ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ. Ǫ ȕȈȏȐȌȈȕȐȍ ȕȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȈ ǹȊȖȍȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓ, ȒȈȒ ȍȋȖ ȕțȎȕȖ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊ Ȓ ȏȈȉȣȊȟȐȊȣȔ ȌțȠȈȔ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ ǹȈȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȈȚȤ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȖșȣȓȈȍȚ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȓțȟȠȐȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȏȊȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. Ǫșȍ ȗȖȔȕȧȚ, ȒȈȒ șȖȊșȍȔ ȕȍȌȈȊȕȖ ș ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ ȞȍȓȤȦ - ȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȖșȖȉțȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ȗȈȌȠȐȔ ȌțȠȈȔ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ Ȏȍȓȍȏȕȣȑ ȊȍȒ, ȊȍȒ ȚȧȎȍȓȖȑ ȐȕȌțșȚȘȐȐ - ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ ȕȐȏȖȠȍȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ. ǪȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȦ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȣ ȗȖ șȍȑ ȌȍȕȤ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ Ȋ ǫȐȔȈȓȈȧȝ, Ȋ ǩȈȌȈȘȐ-ȕȈȘȈȑȈȕȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȗȈȕȟȈȔȈȝ ȒȈȗȐȓȖ ȕȈȔȈ șȐȌȌȝȍȠȈȝ ȒȈȓȈ-ȊȐȗȓțȚȈȔ ȗȘȖȊȈȟȈșțȘȈȑȍ șȈȕȒȝȑȈȔ ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȋȘȈȔȈ-ȊȐȕȐȘȕȈȑȈȔ ȗȈȕȟȈȔȈȝ - ȗȧȚȣȑ; ȒȈȗȐȓȈȝ - DzȈȗȐȓȈ; ȕȈȔȈ - ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ; șȐȌ-ȌȝȍȠȈȝ - ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȝ; ȒȈȓȈ - ȊȘȍȔȧ; ȊȐȗȓțȚȈȔ - țȚȘȈȟȍȕȖ; ȗȘȖȊȈȟȈ - ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ; ȈșțȘȈȑȍ 113


114 ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕț ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨșțȘȐ; șȈȕȒȝȑȈȔ - ȔȍȚȈȜȐȏȐȒȐ; ȚȈȚȚȊȈ-ȋȘȈȔȈ - șȖȊȖȒțȗȕȖșȚȐ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȖȊ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ; ȊȐȕȐȘȕȈȑȈȔ - ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ǷȧȚȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȈȗȐȓȈ - ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ǨșțȘȐ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕț Ȗȉ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȈȝ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȐȓ ȍȔț ȔȍȚȈȜȐȏȐȒț, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ș ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȥȚȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȉȣȓȖ țȚȘȈȟȍȕȖ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȑȏ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȐ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȖȊ, Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȖȑ șȐșȚȍȔȍ șȈȕȒȝȑȐ. ǼȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ șȈȕȒȝȑȐ ȍȊȘȖȗȍȑșȒȐȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȔȍȚȈȜȐȏȐȒȖȑ. ȅȚȐȔȖȓȖȋȐȟȍșȒȐ șȓȖȊȖ șȈȕȒȝȑȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȟȍȚȒȖȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ, ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȕȖȍ ȗțȚȍȔ ȈȕȈȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȐșșȓȍȌȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȖȊ». ǪȗȍȘȊȣȍ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȌȈȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ DzȈȗȐȓȖȑ, Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȏȌȍșȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ ȒȈȒ Ȗ ȗȧȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȠȈȠȚȝȈȔ ȈȚȘȍȘ ȈȗȈȚȑȈȚȊȈȔ ȊȘȐȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȗȚȖ 'ȕȈșțȑȈȑȈ ȈȕȊȐȒȠȐȒȐȔ ȈȓȈȘȒȈȑȈ ȗȘȈȝȓȈȌȈȌȐȉȝȑȈ țȟȐȊȈȕ ȠȈȠȚȝȈȔ - ȠȍșȚȖȑ; ȈȚȘȍȝ - ǨȚȘȐ; ȈȗȈȚȑȈȚȊȈȔ - Ȗ șȣȕȍ; ȊȘȐȚȈȝ - ȔȖȓȐȓȈ; ȗȘȈȗȚȈȝ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓȈ; ȈȕȈșțȑȈȑȈ - ǨȕȈșțȑȈ; ȈȕȊȐȒȠȐȒȐȔ - Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ; ȈȓȈȘȒȈȑȈ ǨȓȈȘȒȍ; ȗȘȈȝȓȈȌȈ-ȈȌȐȉȝȑȈȝ - ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌȍ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔ; țȟȐȊȈȕ - ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ. ȀȍșȚȣȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ȗțȘțȠȐ ȉȣȓ șȣȕ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǨȚȘȐ. Ƕȕ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ ț ǨȕȈșțȑȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȔȖȓȐȓȈșȤ Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȍ. Ƕȕ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȓ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǨȓȈȘȒȍ, ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌȍ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔ [DZȈȌț, ǽȈȐȝȈȑȍ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ.]. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȖȉȓȐȒ ǬȈȚȚȈȚȘȍȑȐ, șȣȕȈ ǸȐȠȐ ǨȚȘȐ Ȑ ǨȕȈșțȑȐ. ǰșȚȖȘȐȧ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ǬȈȚȚȈȚȘȍȑȐ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ - ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȌȈȗțȘȈȕȍ» Ȋ șȊȧȏȐ ș ȐșȚȖȘȐȍȑ Ȗ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȑ Ȏȍȕȍ. ǺȈȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȎȍȕȈ ǸȐȠȐ ǨȚȘȐ ǨȕȈșțȑȈ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȈșȤ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǩȘȈȝȔȍ, ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȐȊȍ ș ȚȈȒȖȑ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȖȑ: «Ƕ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȐ, ȍșȓȐ Ǫȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȣ ȔȕȖȦ Ȑ ȎȍȓȈȍȚȍ ȌȈȘȖȊȈȚȤ Ȕȕȍ ȒȈȒȖȍ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ, ȚȖ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȍ ȔȖȦ ȗȘȖșȤȉț: ȖȉȢȍȌȐȕȐȚȍșȤ Ȑ șȚȈȕȤȚȍ ȔȖȐȔ șȣȕȖȔ». ǪȓȈȌȣȒȐ șȖȋȓȈșȐȓȐșȤ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ǬȈȚȚȈȚȘȍȑȐ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȧȓ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȖȍ țȟȍȕȐȍ Ȗ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌțȠȍ, ȌȈȊ, Ȋ ȟȈșȚȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǨȓȈȘȒȍ, ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌȍ, DZȈȌț, ǽȈȐȝȈȑȍ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȚȈȚȈȝ șȈȗȚȈȔȈ ȈȒțȚȑȈȔ ȘțȟȍȘ ȑȈȌȎȕȖ 'ȉȝȑȈȌȎȈȑȈȚȈ șȈ ȑȈȔȈȌȑȈȐȝ șțȘȈ-ȋȈȕȈȐȘ ȈȗȈȚ șȊȈȑȈȔȉȝțȊȈȕȚȈȘȈȔ ȚȈȚȈȝ - ȗȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ; șȈȗȚȈȔȍ - șȍȌȤȔȖȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȘȧȌț; ȈȒțȚȑȈȔ - ȊȖ ȟȘȍȊȍ ǨȒțȚȐ; Șțȟȍȝ - ȖȚ ǷȘȈȌȎȈȗȈȚȐ ǸțȟȐ; ȑȈȌȎȕȈȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ DZȈȌȎȕȣ; ȈȉȝȑȈȌȎȈȑȈȚȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ; șȈȝ - Ƕȕ; ȑȈȔȈ-ȈȌȑȈȐȝ - ș DZȈȔȖȑ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ; șțȘȈ-ȋȈȕȈȐȝ - ș ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔȐ; ȈȗȈȚ - ȗȘȈȊȐȓ; șȊȈȑȈȔȉȝțȊȈ-ȈȕȚȈȘȈȔ - ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȔȍȕȣ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǹȊȈȑȈȔȉȝțȊȣ 114


115 ǴȈȕț. ǹȍȌȤȔȣȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ȉȣȓ DZȈȌȎȕȈ, șȣȕ ǷȘȈȌȎȈȗȈȚȐ ǸțȟȐ Ȑ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕȣ ǨȒțȚȐ. ǭȋȖ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȠȓȖșȤ ȕȈ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȔȍȕȣ ǹȊȈȑȈȔȉȝțȊȣ ǴȈȕț, Ȑ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, șȘȍȌȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓ Ȑ ǭȋȖ șȣȕ DZȈȔȈ, ȗȖȔȖȋȈȓȐ ǭȔț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȔȐȘȖȔ Ȑ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȦȡȐȍ ȍȋȖ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȗȖșȚȣ. ȅȚȐ ȗȖșȚȣ ȗȘȍȌȓȈȋȈȦȚ ȊȣșȖȒȖȘȈȏȊȐȚȣȔ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ. ǭșȓȐ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȔȈȓȖ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǹȈȔ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȒȈȒ ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ǷȘȈȌȎȈȗȈȚȐ, ǰȕȌȘȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ Ȑ ȉȍȘȍȚ ȕȈ ǹȍȉȧ Ȑȝ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ. Ǫ ȥȗȖȝț ǹȊȈȑȈȔȉȝțȊȣ ǴȈȕț (Ȕȣ ȎȐȊȍȔ Ȋ ȥȗȖȝț ǪȈȐȊȈșȊȈȚȣ ǴȈȕț) ȕȍ ȕȈȠȓȖșȤ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȋȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȤ ȗȖșȚ ǰȕȌȘȣ, ȞȈȘȧ ǰȕȌȘȈȓȖȒȐ (ȘȈȑșȒȖȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ). ǺȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǹȈȔ șȚȈȓ ǰȕȌȘȖȑ. ǻȗȘȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȌȍȓȈȔȐ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌț DZȈȌȎȕȍ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȓȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, șȘȍȌȐ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȉȣȓȐ Ȑ ǭȋȖ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ, Ȋ ȟȈșȚȕȖșȚȐ, DZȈȔȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȈȠȚȈȔȍ ȔȍȘțȌȍȊȑȈȔ Țț ȕȈȉȝȍȘ ȌȎȈȚȈ țȘțȒȘȈȔȈȝ ȌȈȘȠȈȑȈȕ ȊȈȘȚȔȈ ȌȝȐȘȈȕȈȔ șȈȘȊȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȕȈȔȈșȒȘȐȚȈȔ ȈȠȚȈȔȍ - ȊȖșȤȔȣȔ Ȑȏ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ; ȔȍȘțȌȍȊȑȈȔ Țț - Ȑȏ ȟȘȍȊȈ ǴȍȘțȌȍȊȐ; ȕȈȉȝȍȝ Ȏȍȕȣ ȞȈȘȧ ǵȈȉȝȐ; ȌȎȈȚȈȝ - ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; țȘțȒȘȈȔȈȝ - ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȌȈȘȠȈȑȈȕ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȊ; ȊȈȘȚȔȈ - ȗțȚȤ; ȌȝȐȘȈȕȈȔ - șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; șȈȘȊȈ - ȊșȍȔȐ; ȈȠȘȈȔȈ țȒȓȈȌȈȔȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȕȈȔȈșȒȘȐȚȈȔ - ȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȔȣȍ. ǪȖșȤȔȣȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ȉȣȓ ȞȈȘȤ ǸȐȠȈȉȝȈ, șȣȕ ȞȈȘȧ ǵȈȉȝȐ Ȑ ȍȋȖ Ȏȍȕȣ ǴȍȘțȌȍȊȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓ ȗțȚȤ Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ șȓȍȌțȦȚ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȉțȏȌȈȓ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ Ȋșȍȝ țȒȓȈȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǿȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȌȍȓȐȚșȧ ȕȈ ȊȖșȍȔȤ ȋȘțȗȗ - ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȝ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ Ȑ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ țȒȓȈȌȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ, șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȝ ȘȈȏȕȣȔ țȘȖȊȕȧȔ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ. ǿȍȚȣȘȍ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȝ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ - ȥȚȖ șȖșȓȖȊȐȍ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚțȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȘțȌȈ, șȖșȓȖȊȐȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ, șȖșȓȖȊȐȍ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȝ ȚȖȘȋȖȊȓȍȑ Ȑ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ, Ȑ șȖșȓȖȊȐȍ ȘȈȉȖȟȐȝ. Ǩ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ, ȎȐȏȕȤ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕȈ, ȖȚȝȖȌ ȖȚ ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȋ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȐ - ȟȍȚȣȘȍ șȚțȗȍȕȐ ȒțȓȤȚțȘȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǪȣșȖȟȈȑȠȐȔ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ țȒȓȈȌ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȐ - șȈȕȕȤȧșȈ. ǷȖ șȊȖȍȔț ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȦ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ - ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ Ȋșȍȝ șȖșȓȖȊȐȑ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǹȈȕȕȤȧșȈ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȌȍȓȐȚșȧ ȕȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ șȚțȗȍȕȐ ȗȖ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȎȍȕȐȧ Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț. ǶȕȐ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȒțȚȐȟȈȒȈ, ȉȈȝțȌȈȒȈ, ȗȈȘȐȊȘȈȌȎȈȒȈȟȈȘȑȈ Ȑ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔșȈ. ǷȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔșȈ - ȥȚȖ șȚțȗȍȕȤ ȕȈȐȊȣșȠȍȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. Ǻȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȍȍ, ȗȖȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȝ țȒȓȈȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǸȐȠȈȉȝȈ, șȣȕ ȞȈȘȧ ǵȈȉȝȐ Ȑ ǴȍȘțȌȍȊȐ, - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ƕȕ țȟȐȓ ǹȊȖȐȝ șȣȕȖȊȍȑ ȐȌȚȐ Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț, ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒțȧ ȚȈȗȈșȑț, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȖȟȐȡȈȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȚ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ Ȑ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȍȚ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ - ȕȍȗȘȍȝȖȌȧȡȍȍ Ȑ ȊȍȟȕȖ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȈȦȡȍȍ. DzȈȎȌȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȐȡȍȚ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȋȖ șȟȈșȚȤȧ, ȕȖ 115


116 ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȍȚ, ȋȌȍ ȍȋȖ ȕȈȑȚȐ. ǫȓțȗȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȏȈȔȍȕȧȦȚ ȐȔ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ. ǶȕȐ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ, ȏȈȉȣȊȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ șȖȉȈȒȐ Ȑ șȊȐȕȤȐ ȚȖȎȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȚșȧ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȔ «șȟȈșȚȤȍȔ» ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȑ. ǿțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȣ Ȑ ȏȊȍȘȧȔ, Ȑ ȗȚȐȞȈȔ, Ȑ ȌȖȔȈȠȕȐȔ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔ. dzȦȉȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȟȐșȓȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ, ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ Ȍȓȧ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ șȟȈșȚȤȧ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȈ ȕȍ Ȍȓȧ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȌȍȠȍȊȣȝ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȑ. ǭȍ șȔȣșȓ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ, ȐȌȧ ȗțȚȍȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȋȖ șȟȈșȚȤȧ. Dz ȥȚȖȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ ȚȈȗȈșȑȈ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȗțȚȤ ȌȖȉȘȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȝ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȐȑ Ȑ ȊȖȏȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ. ǺȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȐțȟȍȕ ȊȖȏȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȌȝȐȘȖȑ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ «ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊ». ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȌȝȐȘȣ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ șȈȕȕȤȧșȣ Ȑ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȌȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔș, ȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȔȣȝ ȊșȍȔȐ ȟȓȍȕȈȔȐ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ. ȅȚȖ țȟȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȞȈȘȤ ǸȐȠȈȉȝȈ, Ȑ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ƕȕ șȚȈȓ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔ ȖȚ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ. ǫȓțȗȞȣ ȗȣȚȈȦȚșȧ ȐȔȐȚȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȥȚȖȑ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȦȚ ȓȐȠȤ ȕȍȔȕȖȋȐȍ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȦȚ ȊșȍȖȉȡȍȋȖ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 ȘȐȠȐȉȝȐȘ ȑȈȟȐȚȖ ȉȝȍȌȎȍ ȕȈȊȈȔȈȔ ȗȈȘȚȝȐȊȈȔ ȊȈȗțȝ ȌțȋȌȝȍȔȈȔ ȖȠȈȌȝȐȘ ȊȐȗȘȈș ȚȍȕȈȑȈȔ șȈ țȠȈȚȚȈȔȈȝ ȘȐȠȐȉȝȐȝ - ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ; ȑȈȟȐȚȈȝ - ȊȕȧȊ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȈȔ; ȉȝȍȌȎȍ - ȗȘȐȕȧȓ; ȕȈȊȈȔȈȔ ȌȍȊȧȚȖȍ; ȗȈȘȚȝȐȊȈȔ - ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ ǯȍȔȓȐ; ȊȈȗțȝ - ȚȍȓȖ; ȌțȋȌȝȈ - ȗȖȓțȟȈȧ; ȐȔȈȔ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; ȖȠȈȌȝȐȝ - ȗȘȖȌțȒȚȣ ǯȍȔȓȐ; ȊȐȗȘȈȝ - Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ; ȚȍȕȈ - ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ; ȈȑȈȔ ȥȚȖȔț; șȈȝ - Ȗȕ; țȠȈȚȚȈȔȈȝ - ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȑ Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ. Ƕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, Ȋ ȌȍȊȧȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ, ȊȕȧȊ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȈȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ Țȍȓȍ ȞȈȘȧ [ǷȘȐȚȝț], ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȖȏȌȍȓȣȊȈȓ ȏȍȔȓȦ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȈȚȤ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȍ ȗȓȖȌȣ. ǩȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȥȚȖȔț ǯȍȔȓȧ șȚȈȓȈ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȖȑ Ȑ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȐȝȖȌț ȞȈȘȧ ǷȘȐȚȝț ȗȘȍȌȠȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȖȗțșȚȖȠȍȕȐȍ, ȕȈșȚțȗȐȊȠȍȍ Ȋ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ ȗȖȘȖȟȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȍȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ, ȖȚȞȈ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǷȘȐȚȝț. ǷȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚțȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ (ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ Ȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ) ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȔȖȓȐȓȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȗ șȖȠȍșȚȊȐȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ șȊȍȘȋȓȐ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȍȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ. ǾȈȘȤ ȖȉȧȏȈȕ ȉȣȚȤ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȔ Ȑ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȐȊȈȚȤ ȊșȍșȚȖȘȖȕȕȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȍ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǵȖ ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȞȈȘȤ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȋȈȚȤ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚțȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȣ șȔȍșȚȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȖȕȐ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ, ȕȍ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȞȈȘșȒȐȑ ȚȘȖȕ șȈȔȐ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȊșȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȐȔ ȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ ȒțȌȈ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȈȎȕȣȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǪȔȍșȚȖ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȕȧȚȤ ȞȈȘșȒȐȑ ȚȘȖȕ, ȖȕȐ ȔȖȓȐȓȐ Ȗ șȖȠȍșȚȊȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ Ƕȕ ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǷȘȐȚȝț. ǷȖ-ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȔț ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȒȊȈȓȐȜȐȞȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȕȍ ȗȘȍȚȍȕȌțȦȚ ȕȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȖșȚȐ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȖȊ. ǪȖȏȌȍȓȣȊȈȧ ȏȍȔȓȦ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȘȐȚȝț ȗȖȓțȟȈȓ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȍ ȗȓȖȌȣ, Ȑ ȗȘȐ ȚȈȒȖȔ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȔ ȞȈȘȍ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȉȣȓȐ 116


117 șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣ, ȕȖ Ȑ șȈȔȈ ǯȍȔȓȧ șȚȈȓȈ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȒȘȈșȐȊȖȑ Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 ȘțȗȈȔ șȈ ȌȎȈȋȘȐȝȍ ȔȈȚșȑȈȔ ȟȈȒȠțȠȖȌȈȌȝȐ-șȈȔȗȓȈȊȍ ȕȈȊȑ ȈȘȖȗȑȈ ȔȈȝȐ-ȔȈȑȑȈȔ ȈȗȈȌ ȊȈȐȊȈșȊȈȚȈȔ ȔȈȕțȔ ȘțȗȈȔ - ȜȖȘȔț; șȈȝ - Ƕȕ; ȌȎȈȋȘȐȝȍ - ȗȘȐȕȧȓ; ȔȈȚșȑȈȔ - Șȣȉȣ; ȟȈȒȠțȠȈ - ǿȈȒȠțȠȈ; țȌȈȌȝȐ - ȊȖȌȣ; șȈȔȗȓȈȊȍ - ȗȖȚȖȗȈ; ȕȈȊȐ - ȕȈ șțȌȕȍ; ȈȘȖȗȑȈ - ȗȘȐȕȧȊ; ȔȈȝȐ - ǯȍȔȓȧ; ȔȈȑȑȈȔ - ȗȖȋȘțȏȐȓȈșȤ; ȈȗȈȚ - șȗȈș; ȊȈȐȊȈșȊȈȚȈȔ - ǪȈȐȊȈșȊȈȚț; ȔȈȕțȔ - ǴȈȕț, ȗȘȈȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȖȚȖȗȈ, ȏȈȊȍȘȠȐȊȠȍȋȖ ȥȗȖȝț ǿȈȒȠțȠȐ ǴȈȕț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȊȍșȤ ȔȐȘ ȖȒȈȏȈȓșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȖȌȖȑ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȖȉȘȈȏ Șȣȉȣ Ȑ șȗȈș ǪȈȐȊȈșȊȈȚț ǴȈȕț, ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȧ ȍȋȖ ȓȖȌȒț ȕȈ ȗȓȈȊț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖ ȔȕȍȕȐȦ ȀȘȐȗȈȌȣ ȀȘȐȌȝȈȘȣ ǹȊȈȔȐ, ȈȊȚȖȘȈ ȗȍȘȊȖȋȖ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȧ Ȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȍ ȒȈȎȌȈȧ ȥȗȖȝȈ ǴȈȕț ȏȈȊȍȘȠȈȍȚșȧ ȖȗțșȚȖȠȍȕȐȍȔ. ǵȖ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȖȚȖȗ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȥȗȖȝȐ ǿȈȒȠțȠȐ ǴȈȕț ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȍȓ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ ǹȈȚȑȈȊȘȈȚȍ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȟțȌȍș. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȀȘȐ ǬȎȐȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, șșȣȓȈȧșȤ ȕȈ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ («ǪȐȠȕț-ȌȝȈȘȔȖȚȚȈȘț», «ǴȈȘȒȈȕȌȍȑȈ-ȗțȘȈȕț», «ǽȈȘȐȊȈȔȠț» Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ), ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚ țȉȍȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȉȍȏ ȐșȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȧ ȥȗȖȝȐ ǴȈȕț ȏȈȊȍȘȠȈȦȚșȧ ȖȗțșȚȖȠȍȕȐȍȔ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ǿȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȓ ȀȘȐȓț ǬȎȐȊț ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ țȒȈȏȈȓ ȔȍșȚȖ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔȘȐȚȍ», ȋȌȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȚȖȗ ȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ ȥȗȖȝȐ ǴȈȕț. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȖșȖȉȣȑ ȗȍȘȐȖȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȖȗȓȖȚȐȓșȧ ǹȈȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȧȊȐȚȤ ȖșȖȉțȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǹȊȖȍȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț, ǹȈȚȑȈȊȘȈȚȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 șțȘȈșțȘȈȕȈȔ țȌȈȌȝȐȔ ȔȈȚȝȕȈȚȈȔ ȔȈȕȌȈȘȈȟȈȓȈȔ ȌȈȌȝȘȍ ȒȈȔȈȚȝȈ-ȘțȗȍȕȈ ȗȘȐȠȚȝȈ ȥȒȈȌȈȠȍ ȊȐȉȝțȝ șțȘȈ - ȊȍȘțȦȡȐȍ; ȈșțȘȈȕȈȔ - ȕȍȊȍȘțȦȡȐȍ; țȌȈȌȝȐȔ - Ȋ ȖȒȍȈȕȍ; ȔȈȚȝȕȈȚȈȔ ȊȏȉȐȊȈȓȐ; ȔȈȕȌȈȘȈȟȈȓȈȔ - ȋȖȘȖȑ ǴȈȕȌȈȘȈȟȈȓȈ; ȌȈȌȝȘȍ - ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȓ; ȒȈȔȈȚȝȈ ȟȍȘȍȗȈȝȐ; ȘțȗȍȕȈ - Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ; ȗȘȐȠȚȝȍ - ȗȈȕȞȐȘȤ; ȥȒȈȌȈȠȍ - ȖȌȐȕȕȈȌȞȈȚȣȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȘȧȌț; ȊȐȉȝțȝ - ȖȋȘȖȔȕȈȧ. Ǫ ȖȌȐȕȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȖȉȓȐȒ ȟȍȘȍȗȈȝȐ. ǭȍ ȗȈȕȞȐȘȤ șȓțȎȐȓ ȖȗȖȘȖȑ Ȍȓȧ ȋȖȘȣ ǴȈȕȌȈȘȈȟȈȓȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȚȍȐșȚȣ Ȑ ȈȚȍȐșȚȣ Ȋșȍȑ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓȐ ȒȈȒ ȔțȚȖȊȒț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȒ-ȚȖ ȘȈȏ ȚȍȐșȚȣ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ȈȚȍȐșȚȈȔȐ ȌȖȉȣȊȈȓȐ Ȑȏ ȔȖȘȧ ȕȍȒȚȈȘ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȚȊȍȌȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ Ȑ șȚȈȚȤ ȉȍșșȔȍȘȚȕȣȔȐ. Ǫ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȔțȚȖȊȒȐ ȖȕȐ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓȐ ȋȖȘț ǴȈȕȌȈȘȈȟȈȓț, țșȚȈȕȖȊȐȊ ȍȍ Ȋ ȔȖȘȍ ȕȈ ȗȈȕȞȐȘȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȍȘȍȗȈȝȐ, 117


118 ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȌȝȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘȈȔ ȌȊȈȌȈȠȈȔȈȔ ȚȘȈȑȖȌȈȠȈȔȈȔ ȥȊȈ ȟȈ ȈȗȈȑȈȑȈȚ șțȘȈȕ ȈȕȑȈȕ ȔȖȝȐȕȑȈ ȔȖȝȈȑȈȕ șȚȘȐȑȈ ȌȝȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘȈȔ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȝȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘȐ; ȌȊȈȌȈȠȈȔȈȔ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȣȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȘȧȌț; ȚȘȈȑȖȌȈȠȈȔȈȔ - ȚȘȐȕȈȌȞȈȚȣȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȘȧȌț; ȥȊȈ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȈȗȈȑȈȑȈȚ - ȌȈȓ ȊȣȗȐȚȤ; șțȘȈȕ - ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ; ȈȕȑȈȕ - ȌȘțȋȐȝ; ȔȖȝȐȕȑȈ - ȟȈȘțȦȡȍȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȖȑ; ȔȖȝȈȑȈȕ - ȗȓȍȕȐȊ; șȚȘȐȑȈ - Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ. Ǫ ȌȊȍȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ǬȝȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘȐ, Ȉ Ȋ ȚȘȐȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ - ȗȓȍȕȐȓ ȈȚȍȐșȚȖȊ ȟȈȘțȦȡȍȑ ȎȍȕșȒȖȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȖȑ Ȑ ȖȚȌȈȓ ȕȍȒȚȈȘ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȟȈȚțȘȌȈȠȈȔ ȕȈȘȈșȐȔȝȈȔ ȉȐȉȝȘȈȌ ȌȈȐȚȑȍȕȌȘȈȔ țȘȌȎȐȚȈȔ ȌȈȌȈȘȈ ȒȈȘȈȌȎȈȐȘ țȘȈȊ ȥȘȈȒȈȔ ȒȈȚȈ-ȒȘȐȌ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȟȈȚțȘȌȈȠȈȔ - ȟȍȚȣȘȕȈȌȞȈȚȣȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȘȧȌț; ȕȈȘȈ-șȐȔȝȈȔ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖ-ȓȤȊȈ; ȉȐȉȝȘȈȚ - ȧȊȐȓșȧ; ȌȈȐȚȑȈ-ȐȕȌȘȈȔ - ȞȈȘȧ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒȖȊ; țȘȌȎȐȚȈȔ - ȔȖȋțȟȍȋȖ; ȌȈȌȈȘȈ - ȘȈȏȖȘȊȈȓ ȕȈȌȊȖȍ; ȒȈȘȈȌȎȈȐȝ - ȕȖȋȚȧȔȐ; țȘȈț - ȕȈ ȒȖȓȍȕȧȝ; ȥȘȈȒȈȔ - ȚȘȖșȚȕȐȒ; ȒȈȚȈ-ȒȘȐȚ - ȗȓȖȚȕȐȒ; ȑȈȚȝȈ - Ȋ ȚȖȟȕȖșȚȐ ȒȈȒ. Ǫ ȟȍȚȣȘȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ǵȘȐșȐȔȝȐ Ȑ, ȒȈȒ ȗȓȖȚȕȐȒ, ȘȈșȡȍȗȓȧȦȡȐȑ ȚȘȖșȚȕȐȒ, ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȕȖȋȚȧȔȐ ȕȈȌȊȖȍ ȘȈȏȖȘȊȈȓ ȔȖȋțȟȍȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȐȒȈ ǽȐȘȈȕȑȈȒȈȠȐȗț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȗȈȕȟȈȌȈȠȈȔ ȊȈȔȈȕȈȒȈȔ ȒȘȐȚȊȈȋȈȌ ȈȌȝȊȈȘȈȔ ȉȈȓȍȝ ȗȈȌȈ-ȚȘȈȑȈȔ ȑȈȟȈȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȘȈȚȑȈȌȐȚșțș ȚȘȐ-ȗȐȠȚȈȗȈȔ ȗȈȕȟȈȌȈȠȈȔ - ȗȧȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȣȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȘȧȌț; ȊȈȔȈȕȈȒȈȔ - ȒȈȘȓȐȒȈ-ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ; ȒȘȐȚȊȈ ȗȘȐȕȧȊ ȖȉȓȐȒ; ȈȋȈȚ - ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ; ȈȌȝȊȈȘȈȔ - ȕȈ ȔȍșȚȖ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ; ȉȈȓȍȝ ȞȈȘȧ ǩȈȓȐ; ȗȈȌȈ-ȚȘȈȑȈȔ - ȊșȍȋȖ ȚȘȐ ȠȈȋȈ; ȑȈȟȈȔȈȕȈȝ - ȗȘȖșȧ; ȗȘȈȚȑȈȌȐȚșțȝ ȊȚȈȑȕȍ ȎȍȓȈȧ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤ; ȚȘȐȗȐȠȚȈȗȈȔ - ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ȚȘȍȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȕȣȝ șȐșȚȍȔ. Ǫ ȗȧȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȒȈȘȓȐȒȈ-ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ [ǪȈȔȈȕȣ] Ȑ ȗȖșȍȚȐȓ ȈȘȍȕț ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, țșȚȘȖȍȕȕȖȋȖ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍȑ ǩȈȓȐ. ǽȖȚȧ Ƕȕ ȏȈȌțȔȈȓ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ȕȈȌ ȚȘȍȔȧ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȕȣȔȐ șȐșȚȍȔȈȔȐ,

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119 Ƕȕ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȗȖȌȈȘȐȚȤ ǭȔț ȒȓȖȟȖȒ ȏȍȔȓȐ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȕȖȑ Ȋ ȚȘȐ ǭȋȖ ȠȈȋȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪșȍȔȖȋțȡȐȑ ǩȖȋ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȌȈȘȐȚȤ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȌȈȎȍ ȚȖȔț, ț ȒȖȋȖ ȊȕȈȟȈȓȍ ȉȣȓȐ ȒȘȖȝȐ, Ȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȚȖȉȘȈȚȤ ȊșȦ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ, ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȊ ȔȈȓȍȕȤȒȐȑ ȒȓȖȟȖȒ ȏȍȔȓȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȈȊȈȚȈȘȍ ȠȖȌȈȠȈȔȍ ȗȈȠȑȈȕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȌȘțȝȖ ȕȘȐȗȈȕ ȚȘȐȝ-șȈȗȚȈ-ȒȘȐȚȊȈȝ ȒțȗȐȚȖ ȕȐȝ-ȒȠȈȚȘȈȔ ȈȒȈȘȖȕ ȔȈȝȐȔ ȈȊȈȚȈȘȍ - Ȋ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȠȖȌȈȠȈȔȍ - ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ; ȗȈȠȑȈȕ - ȊȐȌȧ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȌȘțȝȈȝ - ȕȍȗȖȊȐȕțȦȡȐȝșȧ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; ȕȘȐȗȈȕ - ȞȈȘșȒȐȍ ȘȖȌȣ; ȚȘȐȝ-șȈȗȚȈ - ȚȘȐȎȌȣ ȗȖ șȍȔȤ ȘȈȏ; ȒȘȐȚȊȈȝ - șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ; ȒțȗȐȚȈȝ - ȏȈȕȐȔȈȧșȤ; ȕȐȝ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȍȔ; ȒȠȈȚȘȈȔ - șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ; ȈȒȈȘȖȚ - șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ; ȔȈȝȐȔ ǯȍȔȓȦ. Ǫ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǩȖȋȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ [Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ǩȝȘȐȋțȗȈȚȐ] ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȖȌȐȕ ȘȈȏ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȓ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ [ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ], ȘȈȏȋȕȍȊȈȊȠȐșȤ ȕȈ ȕȐȝ ȏȈ ȕȍȗȖȊȐȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ [ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚțȈȓȤȕȖȔț șȖșȓȖȊȐȦ]. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȈȌȔȐȕȐșȚȘȈȚȐȊȕȖȍ șȖșȓȖȊȐȍ, ȗȘȈȊȧȚ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȖȑ ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚțȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȈȦȚ ȐȔ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȠȈșȚȘȈȔȐ - șȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȒȕȐȋȈȔȐ. ǷȘȐ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȐ șȊȖȐȝ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤșȧ șȖȊȍȚȈȔȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ. DzȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ (ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ) ȕȍ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȦȡȐȝșȧ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔ țȟȍȕȣȝ Ȑ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, șȔȍȡȈȦȚ șȐȓȖȑ, șȚȈȊȧ ȕȈ Ȑȝ ȔȍșȚȖ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȚȈȚȈȝ șȈȗȚȈȌȈȠȍ ȌȎȈȚȈȝ șȈȚȑȈȊȈȚȑȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȠȈȘȈȚ ȟȈȒȘȍ ȊȍȌȈ-ȚȈȘȖȝ ȠȈȒȝȈ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȗțȔșȖ 'ȓȗȈ-ȔȍȌȝȈșȈȝ ȚȈȚȈȝ - ȏȈȚȍȔ; șȈȗȚȈȌȈȠȍ - Ȋ șȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ; ȌȎȈȚȈȝ - ȧȊȐȓșȧ; șȈȚȑȈȊȈȚȑȈȔ - ȊȖ ȟȘȍȊȍ ǹȈȚȑȈȊȈȚȐ; ȗȈȘȈȠȈȘȈȚ - ȖȚ ǷȈȘȈȠȈȘȣ ǴțȕȐ; ȟȈȒȘȍ ȗȖȌȋȖȚȖȊȐȓ; ȊȍȌȈ-ȚȈȘȖȝ - ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȌȘȍȊȈ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ; ȠȈȒȝȈȝ - ȊȍȚȊȐ; ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ ȊȐȌȧ; ȗțȔșȈȝ - ȗȘȖșȚȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ; ȈȓȗȈ-ȔȍȌȝȈșȈȝ - ȔȈȓȖȘȈȏțȔȕȣ. ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ - șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȍ, șȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ - ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȑȏ ȟȘȍȊȈ ǹȈȚȑȈȊȈȚȐ ȖȚ ǷȈȘȈȠȈȘȣ ǴțȕȐ. ǪȐȌȧ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ Ȋ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȍ șȊȖȍȔ ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȌȍȓȐȓ ȍȌȐȕțȦ ǪȍȌț ȕȈ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȖȊ Ȑ ȗȖȌȘȈȏȌȍȓȖȊ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǰȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓȈ ȍȌȐȕȈȧ ǪȍȌȈ, ȕȖ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȐȓ ȍȍ ȕȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ: «ǹȈȔȈ-ȊȍȌț», «DZȈȌȎțȘ-ȊȍȌț», «ǸȐȋ-ȊȍȌț» Ȑ «ǨȚȝȈȘȊȈ119


120 ȊȍȌț». ǷȖȏȎȍ ȖȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȍȕȣ Ȋ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ Ȑ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȍ». ǶȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȧȏȣȒ ǪȍȌ Ȑ Ȑȝ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ. ȅȚȖ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȔ șȍȉȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȔ ȊȣșȖȒȐȔ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚȖȔ. ǵȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ ȓȦȌȐ Ȋ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȍ șȊȖȍȔ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ. ǹȍȑȟȈș ȌȈȎȍ șȣȕȖȊȤȧ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ ȕȐȟțȚȤ ȕȍ ȓțȟȠȍ ȠțȌȘ ȐȓȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ. ǷȘȍȌȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȐ Ȑ ȊȈȑȠȤȐ, ȗȘȖȝȖȌȧȚ Ȋ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȔ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȐ - șȈȔșȒȈȘȣ, ȕȖ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȖȚȘȐȞȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȟȓȍȕȣ șȍȔȍȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȒȈșȚ țȚȘȈȚȐȓȐ șȊȖȦ ȊȣșȖȒțȦ ȒțȓȤȚțȘț. ǰȝ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȌȊȐȌȎȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝț, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȌȘțȏȤȧȔȐ Ȑ ȟȓȍȕȈȔȐ șȍȔȍȑ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ. ǵȖ ȥȚȐ ȌȊȐȌȎȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝț ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȕȈ țȘȖȊȕȍ ȠțȌȘ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȖȌȍȓȐȓ ǪȍȌȣ ȕȈ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȖȊ Ȑ ȗȖȌȘȈȏȌȍȓȖȊ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ - ȌȊȐȌȎȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝț, ȠțȌȘ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȕȈȘȈ-ȌȍȊȈȚȊȈȔ ȈȗȈȕȕȈȝ șțȘȈ-ȒȈȘȑȈ-ȟȐȒȐȘȠȈȑȈ șȈȔțȌȘȈ-ȕȐȋȘȈȝȈȌȐȕȐ ȟȈȒȘȍ ȊȐȘȑȈȕȑ ȈȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȕȈȘȈ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ; ȌȍȊȈȚȊȈȔ - ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ; ȈȗȈȕȕȈȝ - ȗȘȐȕȧȊ ȖȉȘȈȏ; șțȘȈ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; ȒȈȘȑȈ - ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ; ȟȐȒȐȘȠȈȑȈ - ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ; șȈȔțȌȘȈ - ǰȕȌȐȑșȒȐȑ ȖȒȍȈȕ; ȕȐȋȘȈȝȈ-ȈȌȐȕȐ - ȖȉțȏȌȣȊȈȦȡȐȑ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȍȍ; ȟȈȒȘȍ - șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ; ȊȐȘȑȈȕȐ șȊȍȘȝȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȤ; ȈȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔ - ȏȈȚȍȔ. Ǫ ȊȖșȍȔȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȐȓșȧ ȒȈȒ ȞȈȘȤ ǸȈȔȈ. ǮȍȓȈȧ ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȔȐ ȌȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓ șȊȍȘȝȢȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ șȐȓț: ȖȉțȏȌȈȓ ǰȕȌȐȑșȒȐȑ ȖȒȍȈȕ, Ȉ ȏȈȚȍȔ țȉȐȓ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȖȋȖ ȞȈȘȧ ǸȈȊȈȕț, ȕȈȝȖȌȐȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȕȈ ȌȘțȋȖȔ ȉȍȘȍȋț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǿȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ ȗȖȘȧȌȖȒ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȜȖȘȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȑ ȧȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȍ, ȎȍȓȈȧ ȗȖȘȈȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȣ ȏȈ țȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ Ȑ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ Ȋ ȕȍȑ ȗȖȘȧȌȒȈ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȌȍȔȖȕȣ Ȑ ȈȚȍȐșȚȣ, ȊȘȖȌȍ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ, ǽȐȘȈȕȑȈȒȈȠȐȗț Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ, ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍȚȈȦȚ ȋȘȖȔȒțȦ șȓȈȊț ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȊȖȐȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ țșȗȍȝȈȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȖȕȐ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȦȚ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȕȈțȒȐ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȍȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȉȘȖșȈȧ ȊȣȏȖȊ ȗȖȘȧȌȒț, țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȔț ǩȖȋȖȔ. ǵȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȗȖȗȣȚȒȈ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈ Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȓȍȚȈ ȕȈ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ - ȊȣȏȖȊ țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȔț ȗȖȘȧȌȒț. ǵȈ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ șȊȖȐ țșȓȖȊȐȧ, Ȓ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȗȘȐșȗȖșȖȉȓȍȕ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȚȐȗ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȐȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. DzȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȣȍ ȞȍȓȐ, ș ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ ȖȕȐ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȚȈȔ, țȒȈȏȈȕȣ Ȋ șȊȖȌȈȝ ȏȈȒȖȕȖȊ, țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǵȖ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȣȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȣ, ȊȖȏȋȖȘȌȐȊȠȐșȤ ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȣȔȐ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȈ, ȖȚȘȐȞȈȦȚ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ. ǶȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȉȣȓ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ, ȏȈȌțȔȈȊȠȐȑ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ șȘȍȌșȚȊ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȕȈ ȗȓȈȕȍȚț ǰȕȌȘȣ (Ȋ ȘȈȑ) ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖ ȖȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓȐ ȖȕȐ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔȐ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȐȓȐ ȕȍȚ. Ƕȕ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȚȤ ȓȍșȚȕȐȞț, ȊȍȌțȡțȦ ȕȈ ȘȈȑșȒțȦ ȗȓȈȕȍȚț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȓȦȌȐ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȗȖȗȈșȚȤ ȚțȌȈ, ȕȍ țȚȘțȎȌȈȧ șȍȉȧ ȍȎȍȌȕȍȊȕȖȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ. Ƕȕ șȖȉȐȘȈȓșȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ, ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȘȍȟȈȡȐȍ țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȗȖȘȧȌȒț. Ƕȕ ȌȈȎȍ ȉȘȖșȐȓ ȊȣȏȖȊ ȊȓȈșȚȐ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȣ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȝȐȚȐȓ ǭȋȖ Ȏȍȕț ǹȐȚț. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈ, 120


121 ȊȕȧȊ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȈȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, ȗȘȐȠȍȓ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȒȈȘȈȚȤ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȈȚȍȐșȚȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȊȣȏȖȊ ǸȈȊȈȕȣ. Ƕȉ ȥȚȐȝ șȖȉȣȚȐȧȝ Ȑ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǸȈȔȈȑȈȕȍ». ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ƕȕ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ șȊȍȘȝȢȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȕȐȒȚȖ Ȑȏ ȓȦȌȍȑ, Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȟȐșȓȍ Ȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȚȖȟȒȐ ȏȘȍȕȐȧ ǸȈȊȈȕȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǸȈȔȈȟȈȕȌȘȈ ȗȘȖȓȖȎȐȓ ȟȍȘȍȏ ǰȕȌȐȑșȒȐȑ ȖȒȍȈȕ ȗȘȧȔțȦ ȌȖȘȖȋț Ȑȏ ȒȈȔȕȍȑ, ȗȓȈȊȈȦȡȐȝ ȕȈ ȊȖȌȍ. ǹȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ ȐșșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȐ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȕȍȊȍșȖȔȖșȚȐ, ȕȖ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ șȖȏȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȕȍȊȍșȖȔȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȓȦȉȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ ȗȖ șȊȖȍȔț ȎȍȓȈȕȐȦ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȏȍ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ șȖȏȌȈȕȕȖȑ ǰȔ ȕȍȊȍșȖȔȖșȚȐ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȏȈșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȓȍȚȈȚȤ Ȑ țȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕșȚȊȍ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȣȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȍ Ƕȕ șȔȖȋ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȒȈȔȕȐ ȕȍȊȍșȖȔȣȔȐ Ȑ ȗȖșȚȘȖȐȓ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȔȖșȚ ȉȍȏ ȍȌȐȕȖȑ ȕȍșțȡȍȑ ȖȗȖȘȣ. ǺȈȒȖȊȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 ȥȒȖȕȈȊȐȔȠȍ ȊȐȔȠȈȚȐȔȍ ȊȘȐȠȕȐȠț ȗȘȈȗȑȈ ȌȎȈȕȔȈȕȐ ȘȈȔȈ-ȒȘȐȠȕȈȊ ȐȚȐ ȉȝțȊȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȈȝȈȘȈȌ ȉȝȈȘȈȔ ȥȒȖȕȈȊȐȔȠȍ - Ȋ ȌȍȊȧȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ; ȊȐȔȠȈȚȐȔȍ - Ȑ Ȋ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ; ȊȘȐȠȕȐȠț - Ȋ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǪȘȐȠȕȐ; ȗȘȈȗȑȈ - ȗȖȓțȟȐȊ; ȌȎȈȕȔȈȕȐ - ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȘȈȔȈ - ǩȈȓȈȘȈȔȈ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈț - ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ; ȐȚȐ - ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȉȝțȊȈȝ - ȔȐȘȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȝȈȘȈȚ - șȕȧȓ; ȉȝȈȘȈȔ - ȉȘȍȔȧ. Ǫ ȌȍȊȧȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ Ȑ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ ǪȘȐȠȕȐ [ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ DZȈȌț] ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩȈȓȈȘȈȔȈ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. ǹȊȖȐȔ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȖȔ Ƕȕ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȓ ȔȐȘ ȖȚ ȉȘȍȔȍȕȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȕȍ șȓțȟȈȑȕȖ țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȖ șȓȖȊȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ, țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȡȍȍ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ǩȈȓȈȘȈȔȈ Ȑ DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǬȈȓȍȍ ȥȚȖ ȉțȌȍȚ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȍȕȖ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ. ǰȏ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȥȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȣ ȕȈȔ țȎȍ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȕȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ȗțȘțȠȐ. Ƕȕ - ǹȈȔȈ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȉ ǩȈȓȈȘȈȔȈ - ȗȍȘȊȖȍ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȈ ȌȈȍȚ ȕȈȟȈȓȖ ȗȍȘȊȖȑ ȋȘțȗȗȍ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȑ: ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ, ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȍ, ǨȕȐȘțȌȌȝȍ Ȑ ǷȘȈȌȑțȔȕȍ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȥȚȖ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ, Ȉ ǩȈȓȈȌȍȊȈ - ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 24 ȚȈȚȈȝ ȒȈȓȈț șȈȔȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȍ șȈȔȔȖȝȈȑȈ șțȘȈ-ȌȊȐȠȈȔ ȉțȌȌȝȖ ȕȈȔȕȈȕȌȎȈȕȈ-șțȚȈȝ ȒȐȒȈȚȍȠț ȉȝȈȊȐȠȑȈȚȐ ȚȈȚȈȝ - ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȒȈȓȈț - ȊȍȒ DzȈȓȐ; șȈȔȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȍ - ȕȈșȚțȗȐȓ; șȈȔȔȖȝȈȑȈ - ȟȚȖȉȣ șȉȐȚȤ ș ȚȖȓȒț; șțȘȈ - ȊȍȘțȦȡȐȔ; ȌȊȐȠȈȔ - ȊȘȈȎȌȍȉȕȣȝ; ȉțȌȌȝȈȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ; ȕȈȔȕȈ - ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ; ȈȕȌȎȈȕȈ-șțȚȈȝ - ȟȤȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȤȦ ȉȣȓȈ ǨȕȌȎȈȕȈ; ȒȐȒȈȚȍȠț - Ȋ ȗȘȖȊȐȕȞȐȐ ǫȈȑȈ (ǩȐȝȈȘȍ); ȉȝȈȊȐȠȑȈȚȐ - ȧȊȐȚșȧ. ǯȈȚȍȔ, Ȋ ȕȈȟȈȓȍ DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȉȔȈȕțȚȤ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȊȘȈȎȌȍȉȕȖ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȖȊȐȕȞȐȐ ǫȈȑȈ ȒȈȒ 121


122 ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ, șȣȕ ǨȕȌȎȈȕȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ, ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȖȊȐȕȞȐȐ ǫȈȑȈ (ǩȐȝȈȘ) ȒȈȒ șȣȕ ǨȕȌȎȈȕȣ Ȑ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȓ țȟȍȕȐȍ Ȗ ȕȍȗȘȐȟȐȕȍȕȐȐ ȊȘȍȌȈ ȎȐȊȖȔț, ȖșțȎȌȈȧ ȌȈȎȍ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȕȣȍ ǪȍȌȈȔȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩțȌȌȣ ȓȦȌȐ Ȋ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȍ șȊȖȍȔ ȉȣȓȐ ȈȚȍȐșȚȈȔȐ. ǴȧșȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȟȐȚȈȓȐ ȊșȍȔț ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȖȔț. ǷȖȌ ȗȘȍȌȓȖȋȖȔ ȗȘȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ȗȖȊșȦȌț ȉȣȓȐ țșȚȘȖȍȕȣ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȐȍ șȒȖȚȖȉȖȑȕȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ Ȑȏ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȓ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȕȣȔ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȏȈȉȐȊȈȓȐ ȉȍȏ ȊșȧȒȐȝ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȐȑ, ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȕȍȕȈșȐȓȐȍ. ǷȘȖȗȖȊȍȌțȧ, Ȗȕ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȊȍȘȐȚ ȌȖȋȔȈȔ ǪȍȌ, Ȑ ȗȖȌȟȍȘȒȐȊȈȓ, ȟȚȖ țȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȒȘȈȑȕȍ ȕȍȉȓȈȋȖȗȘȐȧȚȕȖȍ ȊȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ ȕȈ ȗșȐȝȐȒț ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǴȈȓȖȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȊȠȐȍ ȊȍȘȣ Ȋ ǩȖȋȈ, șȚȈȓȐ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȐȔ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȣ, Ȑ ȒȈȒȖȍ-ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȐȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȓȐșȤ ȔȖȘȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȖȘȔ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈ ȕȍȕȈșȐȓȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȍȘȊȖȑ șȚțȗȍȕȤȦ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ Ȓ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ ǩȖȋȈ. Ƕȕ ȖȉȔȈȕțȓ ȈȚȍȐșȚȖȊ, șȓȍȌȖȊȈȊȠȐȝ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈȔ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȊȍȘȐȓȐ Ȋ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȖ ȏȈȚȖ ȉȍȏȖȋȖȊȖȘȖȟȕȖ ȊȍȘȐȓȐ Ȋ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩțȌȌț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȈȔ ȉȣȓ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺȈȒ Ȗȕ ȏȈșȚȈȊȐȓ ȕȍȊȍȘțȦȡȐȝ țȊȍȘȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ǩȖȋȈ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩțȌȌȣ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩțȌȌȣ: Ȗȕ ȏȈșȚȈȊȐȓ ȕȍȊȍȘțȦȡȐȝ ȗȖȊȍȘȐȚȤ Ȋ ȕȍȋȖ. ǷȍȘȍȌ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩțȌȌȣ țȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȉȣȓȖ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȖ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȗȖȊșȍȔȍșȚȕȖ. dzȦȌȐ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȓȐ ȥȚȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔȐ. ǷȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȕȣȝ ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȍȑ ǪȍȌ, ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȡȐȝ ȥȚȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȕȍ ȗȖ ȞȍȗȐ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȖȑ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȊȐȚȐȍȊȈȚȣȑ șȚȐȓȤ ȥȚȐȝ ȒȕȐȋ ȊȊȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȌȈȍȚșȧ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȐșȚȐȒȈ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȋȓțȗȣȝ țȟȍȕȣȝ (ȈȊȐȗȈȠȟȐȚȈȝ). ǵȍȌȈȓȍȒȐȍ «ȏȕȈȚȖȒȐ» ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȣ, ȕȍ ȏȈȉȖȚȧȡȐȍșȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ Ȑȏ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȍȐȏȉȍȎȕȖ șȉȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ș ȚȖȓȒț. Ǭȓȧ ȕȐȝ Ȋșȍ șȊȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȘȐȚțȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȧȔ. DzȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (15.15), ȊȍȌȈȐȠ ȟȈ șȈȘȊȈȐȘ ȈȝȈȔ ȥȊȈ ȊȍȌȑȈȝ: Ȋșȍ ǪȍȌȣ ȗȘȐȏȊȈȕȣ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȊșȚȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ, ȊȍȌțȡȐȑ Ȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț. Ǫșȧ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȈ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȈ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌțȠȐ, ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȑ Ȑȝ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȥȚȐ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȗȖȕȧȚȣ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȈȧ ȐȔ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȓȍȋȒȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȞȍȓȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ - ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. Dz șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȦ, Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ, ȐȏțȟȈȧ ǪȍȌȣ, ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗțȚȍȔ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȖȊ, ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȉȘȧȌȣ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊțȍȚ Ȑȝ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔț ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșț. Ǭȓȧ ȚȈȒȐȝ șȉȐȚȣȝ ș ȚȖȓȒț ȓȦȌȍȑ ș ȈȚȍȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȕȈȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȧȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȓȐȞȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ ȚȍȐȏȔȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȚȤ ȒȖȕȍȞ ȖȉȣȟȈȦ țȉȐȑșȚȊȈ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ. ǻȉȐȑȞȣ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȖȗȈșȕȖșȚȤ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ, ȊȍȌțȡȍȔ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǭșȚȤ ȌȊȈ ȚȐȗȈ țȉȐȑȞ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ ȌțȠț ȚȖȎȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ «ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔ», ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȑ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȉȐȊȈȍȚ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, Ȑ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȉȣȓ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ - ȌțȠȈ, Ȋ ȘȈȊȕȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ țȉȐȑȞȈȔȐ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ șȒȈȏȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ țȉȐȑȞȣ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, ȒȈȒ țȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ, Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȍșȚȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, Ȑȝ ȕțȎȕȖ ȕȈțȟȐȚȤ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȚȤșȧ ȖȚ 122


123 țȉȐȑșȚȊȈ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ. ǵȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȐȌțȔȈȚȤ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȑ ȕȍȓȍȗȐȞȣ, ȟȍȔ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ țȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ȅȚȈ ȖȗȈșȕȈȧ ȚȍȖȘȐȧ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ ȗȖȘȖȌȐȓȈ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȝ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ, ȗȘȐȒȘȣȊȈȧșȤ ǪȍȌȈȔȐ, ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌțȦȚ țȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ. ȅȚȖȚ ȊȖȗȘȖș țȎȍ ȖȉșțȎȌȈȓȐ Ȋ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȉȍșȍȌȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ Ȑ ȔțȓȓȈ ǿȝȈȕȌ DzȈȏȐ ȀȈȝȍȉ. ǷȘȐȕȍșȍȕȐȍ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț, Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș ȉȍșȒȖȕȚȘȖȓȤȕȣȔ ȐșȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȐȍȔ Ȑȝ ȕȈ ȉȖȑȕȧȝ. ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȈșțȘȣ - ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȏȕȈȚȖȒȐ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ - ȖȗȘȈȊȌȣȊȈȓȐ țȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȞȐȚȈȚȈȔȐ Ȑȏ ǪȍȌ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ ȕȈ șȓȖȊȈȝ ȖȚȊȍȘȋ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ǪȍȌ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȠȍȓ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȉȍȘȍȟȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȖȚ ȋȘȍȝȈ țȉȐȑșȚȊȈ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, Ȉ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȕȣȝ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ - ȖȚ ȉȖȍȕ, țșȚȘȈȐȊȈȍȔȣȝ Ȑȝ șȚȈȘȠȐȔȐ ȉȘȈȚȤȧȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ Ȗ ȊșȍȖȉȡȍȔ ȉȘȈȚșȚȊȍ, ȔȐȘȍ, șȗȘȈȊȍȌȓȐȊȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȘȈȊȍȕșȚȊȍ. ǷȖȒȈ țȉȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȍ, Ȗ șȗȘȈȊȍȌȓȐȊȖșȚȐ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ Ȑ ȘȍȟȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȊșȦȌț, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȍȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȍ ȈȝȐȔșȣ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȓȖșȤ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ ǰȕȌȐȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȏȈ ȍȍ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȈȔȐ. ǼȖȘȔȈȓȤȕȖ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩțȌȌȣ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚ Ȓ ȈȚȍȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȧȔ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȖȕȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȍȚ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȍȚ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ǪȍȌ. ǵȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȏȍ Ȍȍȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȏȈȔȈșȒȐȘȖȊȈȓ ǹȊȖȐ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȐȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ, șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȚȤ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ ǪȍȌ. ǵȖ Ȗȕ șȌȍȓȈȓ ȊȐȌ, ȟȚȖ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȍȚ ȍȍ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ șțȘȈȌȊȐȠȈ, ȌȍȔȖȕȣ, ȊȘȈȎȌȍȉȕȖ ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȍșȧ Ȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǩȖȋȈ, șșȣȓȈȧșȤ ȕȈ ǪȍȌȣ, ȗȣȚȈȓȐșȤ ȖȗȘȈȊȌȣȊȈȚȤ țȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȒȖȘȖȊ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, Ȉ șȍȑȟȈș ȥȚȐȔ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚșȧ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȐȍ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ ȉȣȓ ȊȣȕțȎȌȍȕ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȕțȚȤ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ǪȍȌ. ǵȍ ȉțȌȤ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȜȖȘȔȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩțȌȌț ȕȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȊȈȓȐ ȉȣ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȉ ȗȖȥȚ ǬȎȈȑȈȌȍȊȈ, ȈȟȈȘȤȧ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ, ȕȍ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ ȉȣ ȍȔț Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȗȍșȕȧȝ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ (ȒȈȒ Ȑ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȈ) ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȣ ǪȍȌ Ȋ ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȘȐȍȔȓȍȔȖȑ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȜȖȘȔȍ, țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȧ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ Ȑȝ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ, Ȑ ǨȟȈȘȑȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈ ȗȘȖȒȓȈȌȣȊȈȓȐ ȗțȚȤ ȚȍȐȏȔț, Ȉ ȈȟȈȘȤȐ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ, Ȋ ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, ȊȍȓȐ ȗȖ ȕȍȔț ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȓ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȦ ȞȍȓȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗțȚȐ - ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǵȈș ȘȈȌțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚ ȐȕȚȍȘȍș Ȓ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȦ ȈȝȐȔșȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩțȌȌȣ. ǵȖ ȖȚȕȍșțȚșȧ ȓȐ ȖȕȐ Ȓ ȕȍȔț ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȒȘȣȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȑȕȐ? ǭșȓȐ ȕȍȚ, ȒțȓȤȚ ȈȝȐȔșȣ ȚȍȘȧȍȚ ȊșȧȒȐȑ șȔȣșȓ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȉȣȓ șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕ ȗȍȘȍȌ șȈȔȣȔ ȕȈȟȈȓȖȔ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ (ȖȒȖȓȖ ȗȧȚȐ Țȣșȧȟ ȓȍȚ ȕȈȏȈȌ), Ȉ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȓ ȖȒȖȓȖ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȐ ȠȍșȚȐ șȚȖȓȍȚȐȑ ȚȖȔț ȕȈȏȈȌ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȋ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȍȌșȒȈȏȈȕ ȗȘȐȝȖȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǩțȌȌȣ. ǺȈȒȖȊ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȧșȕȖȋȖ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ. Ǫ ȕȍȔ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȘȖȟȍșȚȊ, Ȑ ȖȕȐ șȉȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȖȌȕȖ ȏȈ ȌȘțȋȐȔ. ǺȈȒ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȈȧ ȘȍȗțȚȈȞȐȧ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», șȊȖȉȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȖȚ ȓȦȉȣȝ ȖȠȐȉȖȒ, ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ, ȖȉȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊ - ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȒȖȊ, ȗȘȐșțȡȐȝ ȊșȍȔ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȌțȠȈȔ. ǶșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ ȊȣȠȍ ȥȚȐȝ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȒȖȊ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌșȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ șȖȉȣȚȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȖȑȌțȚ Ȋ ȌȈȓȍȒȖȔ ȉțȌțȡȍȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 123


124 ȈȚȝȈșȈț ȑțȋȈ-șȈȕȌȝȑȈȑȈȔ ȌȈșȑț-ȗȘȈȑȍȠț ȘȈȌȎȈșț ȌȎȈȕȐȚȈ ȊȐȠȕț-ȑȈȠȈșȖ ȕȈȔȕȈ ȒȈȓȒȐȘ ȌȎȈȋȈȚ-ȗȈȚȐȝ ȈȚȝȈ - ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȈșȈț - ȚȖȚ Ȏȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȑțȋȈ-șȈȕȌȝȑȈȑȈȔ - ȕȈ șȚȣȒȍ ȌȊțȝ Ȧȋ; ȌȈșȑț ȋȘȈȉȐȚȍȓȐ; ȗȘȈȑȍȠț - ȗȖȟȚȐ Ȋșȍ; ȘȈȌȎȈșț - ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ; ȌȎȈȕȐȚȈ - ȘȖȌȐȚșȧ; ȊȐȠȕț ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǪȐȠȕț; ȑȈȠȈșȈȝ - Ȋ ȘȖȌț DZȈȠȈ; ȕȈȔȕȈ - ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ; ȒȈȓȒȐȝ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȌȎȈȋȈȚ-ȗȈȚȐȝ - ǪȓȈȌȣȒȐ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. ǯȈȚȍȔ, ȕȈ șȚȣȒȍ ȌȊțȝ Ȧȋ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȘȖȌȐȚșȧ ȒȈȒ DzȈȓȒȐ-ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈ, șȚȈȊ șȣȕȖȔ ǪȐȠȕț DZȈȠȐ. Dz ȚȖȔț ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȊȣȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȍșȧ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ ǯȍȔȓȐ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȧȚșȧ Ȋ ȋȘȈȉȐȚȍȓȍȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȗȘȍȌșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȘȐȝȖȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȈȓȒȐ, ȍȡȍ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȌȍȚ ȕȈ șȚȣȒȍ ȌȊțȝ Ȧȋ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ - ȕȈȟȈȓȍ ǹȈȚȤȧ-ȦȋȐ. ǿȍȚȣȘȍ ȦȋȐ: ǹȈȚȤȧ, ǺȘȍȚȈ, ǬȊȈȗȈȘȈ Ȑ DzȈȓȐ - șȔȍȕȧȦȚ ȖȌȕȈ ȌȘțȋțȦ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȔȍșȧȞȈȔ ȋȖȌȈ. ǷȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ, DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ, - 432 000 ȓȍȚ, Ȉ ȕȈȟȈȓșȧ Ȗȕ ȖȒȖȓȖ 5 000 ȓȍȚ ȚȖȔț ȕȈȏȈȌ ȗȖșȓȍ ȉȐȚȊȣ ȕȈ DzțȘțȒȠȍȚȘȍ Ȑ ȖȒȖȕȟȈȕȐȧ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȞȈȘȧ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ș ȕȈȟȈȓȈ DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ ȗȘȖȠȓȖ ȊșȍȋȖ 5 000 ȓȍȚ, Ȑ ȌȖ ȍȍ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȍȕȐȧ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȍȡȍ 427 000 ȓȍȚ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȍȌșȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȍȘȐȖȌȈ ȧȊȐȚșȧ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ DzȈȓȒȐ. ǻȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ȐȔȧ ǭȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ, ǪȐȠȕț DZȈȠȐ, țȟȍȕȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ șȍȓȍȕȐȍ ȀȈȔȉȈȓȈ. DzȈȒ țȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ, Ȋ șȊȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȗȘȍȌ șȒȈȏȈȕȐȧ șȉțȌțȚșȧ. ǺȈȒȖȊ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈ ȝȑ ȈșȈȕȒȝȑȍȑȈ ȝȈȘȍȝ șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȕȐȌȝȍȘ ȌȊȐȌȎȈȝ ȑȈȚȝȈȊȐȌȈșȐȕȈȝ ȒțȓȑȈȝ șȈȘȈșȈȝ șȑțȝ șȈȝȈșȘȈȠȈȝ ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈȝ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈșȈȕȒȝȑȍȑȈȝ - ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣ; ȝȈȘȍȝ ǽȈȘȐ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; șȈȚȚȊȈ-ȕȐȌȝȍȝ - ȖȒȍȈȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȝ - ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ; ȑȈȚȝȈ - ȒȈȒ; ȈȊȐȌȈșȐȕȈȝ - ȕȍȐșȚȖȡȐȔȣȍ; ȒțȓȑȈȝ - ȘțȟȤȐ; șȈȘȈșȈȝ - Ȑȏ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȝ ȖȏȍȘ; șȑțȝ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ; șȈȝȈșȘȈȠȈȝ - ȚȣșȧȟȐ. Ƕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȘțȟȤȧȔ, ȚȍȒțȡȐȔ Ȑȏ ȕȍȐșȟȍȘȗȈȍȔȣȝ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȊ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǯȌȍșȤ ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȕ ȕȍȗȖȓȕȣȑ ȗȍȘȍȟȍȕȤ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǫ ȕȍȋȖ ȊȖȠȓȐ ȓȐȠȤ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȋ ȔȐȕțȊȠȐȍ ȊȍȒȈ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȓȖ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȌȘțȋȐȝ: ȀȘȐ ǽȈȑȈȋȘȐȊȈ, ǽȈȘȐ, ǽȈȔșȈ, ǷȘȐȠȕȐȋȈȘȉȝȈ, ǪȐȉȝț, ǹȈȚȑȈșȍȕȈ, ǪȈȐȒțȕȚȝȈ, ǹȈȘȊȈȉȝȈțȔȈ, ǪȐȠȊȈȒșȍȕȈ, ǬȝȈȘȔȈșȍȚț, ǹțȌȝȈȔȈ, DZȖȋȍȠȊȈȘȈ, ǩȘȐȝȈȌȉȝȈȕț Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. Ǫ șȊȖȍȑ ȔȖȓȐȚȊȍ ȀȘȐ ǷȘȈȝȓȈȌȈ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: «Ƕ ȔȖȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ǻȣ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȈȍȠȤșȧ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȐȌȈȝ ȎȐȏȕȐ: șȘȍȌȐ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȍȑ ȊȖȌ, ȘȈșȚȍȕȐȑ, ȗȘȍșȔȣȒȈȦȡȐȝșȧ, ȗȚȐȞ, ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ȊȍȘțȦȡȐȔ Ȑ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȚȤ ȕȍȊȍȘțȦȡȐȝ. ǺȈȒ, Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȦȋȐ Ǻȣ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȠȤ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȤ. Ǫ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț Ǻȣ ȧȊȐȓ ǹȍȉȧ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ». 124


125 ǪȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț - ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț. ǪȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȔȍșȚȈȝ ȒȈȒ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ ȗȘȧȔȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȗ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț. ǵȈ ȥȚȖ Ȏȍ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ Ȑ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șȈȔȝȐȚȈ», Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ, ȝȖȚȧ ȍșȚȤ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ: ǸȈȔȈ, ǵȘȐșȐȔȝȈ, ǪȈȘȈȝȈ, ǴȈȚșȑȈ, DzțȘȔȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ, - ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ ǹȈȔ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț - ȕȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ, Ȉ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ. ȅȚȖ șȚȈȕȍȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȕȖ Ȑȏ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȠȓȖȒȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȍȐșȟȍȘȗȈȍȔȣȔ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ, ȖȉȣȟȕȖ Ȏȍ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȦȚ ȓȐȠȤ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ. ǵȖ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ȘȈșȗȖȏȕȈȦȚ ȗȖ ȖșȖȉȣȔ, ȕȍȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȔ șȊȍȘȠȍȕȐȧȔ, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȕȐ ȖȌȕȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ. ǷȖ ȥȚȖȔț ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒț ȖȉȣȟȕȖ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȧȦȚșȧ ȒȈȒ ȗȘȧȔȖ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȗȍȘȍȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ - ȗȖȟȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, DzțȔȈȘȣ ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȣ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ, Ȉ Ȋ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌț ȊȓȖȎȍȕȈ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȘȐȚȝț - țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ, ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȐșȗȖȓȕȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ. ǪȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǴȈȚșȑȐ - ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȓȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ. ǩȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȕȍȐșșȧȒȈȍȔȖȔț ȗȖȚȖȒț ȊȖȌȣ Ȋ ȊȖȌȖȗȈȌȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȘȐȠȈȑȖ ȔȈȕȈȊȖ ȌȍȊȈ ȔȈȕț-ȗțȚȘȈ ȔȈȝȈțȌȎȈșȈȝ ȒȈȓȈȝ șȈȘȊȍ ȝȈȘȍȘ ȥȊȈ șȈȗȘȈȌȎȈȗȈȚȈȑȈȝ șȔȘȐȚȈȝ ȘȐȠȈȑȈȝ - Ȋșȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ; ȔȈȕȈȊȈȝ - Ȋșȍ ǴȈȕț; ȌȍȊȈȝ - Ȋșȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ; ȔȈȕț-ȗțȚȘȈȝ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȐ ǴȈȕț; ȔȈȝȈ-ȖȌȎȈșȈȝ - ȖȟȍȕȤ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ; ȒȈȓȈȝ - ȟȈșȚȤ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ; șȈȘȊȍ - Ȋșȍ ȊȔȍșȚȍ; ȝȈȘȍȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȥȊȈ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; șȈ-ȗȘȈȌȎȈȗȈȚȈȑȈȝ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș ǷȘȈȌȎȈȗȈȚȐ; șȔȘȐȚȈȝ - ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣ. Ǫșȍ ȘȐȠȐ, ǴȈȕț, ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȐ ǴȈȕț, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ ȖșȖȉȣȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȐȓȐ ȟȈșȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺȖ Ȏȍ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȑ Ȓ ǷȘȈȌȎȈȗȈȚȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǻȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ șȘȈȊȕȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȕȍȉȖȓȤȠȐȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȊȐȉȝțȚȐ, Ȉ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȈȊȍȠȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 ȥȚȍ ȟȈȔȠȈ-ȒȈȓȈȝ ȗțȔșȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈș Țț ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȐȕȌȘȈȘȐ-ȊȑȈȒțȓȈȔ ȓȖȒȈȔ ȔȘȐȌȈȑȈȕȚȐ ȑțȋȍ ȑțȋȍ ȥȚȍ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȈȔȠȈ - ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ; ȒȈȓȈȝ - ȟȈșȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ; ȗțȔșȈȝ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȋȖ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ; Țț - ȕȖ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; șȊȈȑȈȔ - ǹȈȔ; ȐȕȌȘȈ-ȈȘȐ - ȊȘȈȋȐ ǰȕȌȘȣ; ȊȑȈȒțȓȈȔ - ȕȈȘțȠȈȦȚ ȗȖȘȧȌȖȒ; ȓȖȒȈȔ 125


126 Ȋșȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ; ȔȘȐȌȈȑȈȕȚȐ - ȏȈȡȐȡȈȍȚ; ȑțȋȍ ȑțȋȍ - Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȥȗȖȝȐ. Ǫșȍ ȗȍȘȍȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȓȐȉȖ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ, ȓȐȉȖ ȟȈșȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǶȕȐ ȕȐșȝȖȌȧȚ ȕȈ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȚȈȔ ȗȖ ȊȐȕȍ ȈȚȍȐșȚȖȊ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȦȚ ȉȍșȗȖȘȧȌȒȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ ȊȍȘțȦȡȐȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȊȣȌȍȓȍȕ Ȑȏ Ȋșȍȝ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚ Ȓ ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈȔ (ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȔ), ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȗȖ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑȏ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȐ. ǨȊȈȚȈȘȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ». Ǫșȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ǭȋȖ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ, ȕȐșȝȖȌȧȚ ȕȈ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ Ȑ ȗȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȊȐȌȈȝ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȐȚȤ ȒȖȕȒȘȍȚȕțȦ ȔȐșșȐȦ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǹȈȔ, Ȉ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ ȕȐșȝȖȌȧȚ ǭȋȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ, ȟȈșȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ ȐȓȐ ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ, ȒȈȎȌțȦ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ Ƕȕ ȗȘȧȔȖ ȐȓȐ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȐȓ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ ȖșȖȉțȦ ȜțȕȒȞȐȦ. ǰȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȍȔ ȊșȍȋȖ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ, ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȈ, șȓȈȊȣ, ȒȘȈșȖȚȣ, ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȧ. ǹȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖȚȔȍȚȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ǭȋȖ șȐȓȣ ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ Ȋ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȧȝ ȐȓȐ ȟȈșȚȧȝ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ, ȖȕȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ, Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȑ ȥȚȖ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ Ȍȓȧ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȧ ȒȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȖȑ ȔȐșșȐȐ ȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ. ǭșȓȐ Ȋ ȒȖȔȕȈȚȍ ȋȖȘȧȚ ȔȈȓȍȕȤȒȐȍ ȥȓȍȒȚȘȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȓȈȔȗȖȟȒȐ, ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȔȖȡȕȖșȚȤ ȥȓȍȒȚȘȖșȚȈȕȞȐȐ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȔȖȡȕȖșȚȤȦ ȥȚȐȝ ȓȈȔȗȖȟȍȒ. ǺȈ Ȏȍ ȥȓȍȒȚȘȖșȚȈȕȞȐȧ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȐȊȈȚȤ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ Ȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȍ ȗȘȖȔȣȠȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȥȓȍȒȚȘȖȌȊȐȋȈȚȍȓȐ, ȚȘȍȉțȦȡȐȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȣșȖȒȖȋȖ ȕȈȗȘȧȎȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȑ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ Ȋ ȚȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ, Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȑ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȚȘȍȉțȦȚ ȒȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȣȍ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȊȘȍȔȧ. ǵȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǷȈȘȈȠțȘȈȔȈ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǵȘȐșȐȔȝȈ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓȐ ȕȍȉȣȊȈȓȖȍ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ: ȗȍȘȊȣȑ Ȑȏ ǵȐȝ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȖȌȐȕ ȘȈȏ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȓ ȕȍȗȖȒȖȘȕȣȝ ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ, Ȉ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ - țȉȐȓ ȔȖȋțȟȍȋȖ ȈȚȍȐșȚȈ ǽȐȘȈȕȑȈȒȈȠȐȗț. ǽȐȘȈȕȑȈȒȈȠȐȗț ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ, ȟȚȖ șȚȖȐȓȖ ǭȔț ȕȍȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȖ ȕȈȝȔțȘȐȚȤșȧ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ ȕȈ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȓȐ ȚȘȍȗȍȚȈȚȤ. ǷȖȓțȉȖȋȐ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧșȤ ȕȈ ȊȣșȠȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȍ, ȊȖ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȧȚ ȌȈȎȍ șȈȔȣȝ ȗȘȍțșȗȍȊȈȦȡȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȗȖ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȒȘȈșȖȚȍ, ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊț Ȑ Ț.Ȍ., ȕȖ Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȉȖȧȓȐșȤ ǽȐȘȈȕȑȈȒȈȠȐȗț. ǺȈȒ ȟȚȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ șȍȉȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȤ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ Ȗȕ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ. ǵȖ ȌȈȎȍ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȘȈȏȖȘȊȈȕ ȕȈ ȔȍȓȒȐȍ ȒțșȒȐ ȕȖȋȚȧȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǵȘȐșȐȔȝȐ. ȅȚȖ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȕȐȒȚȖ, ȒȈȒȐȔ ȉȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ Ȗȕ ȕȐ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖșȚȖȧȚȤ șȐȓȍ ȕȖȋȚȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǬȎȈȔȈȌȈȋȕȑȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȊ Ȋșȍȝ ȕȍȗȖȒȖȘȕȣȝ ȞȈȘȍȑ, țȒȘȍȗȐȊȠȐȝșȧ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȈȝ. ǻȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ Ȑ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǪȈȘȈȝȈ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǩțȌȌȈ, ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȑ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȐȧȔȐ, ȗȘȖȉțȎȌȈȓȐ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȈȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȊȍȘț. ǪȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǸȈȔȣ Ȑ ǬȝȈȕȊȈȕȚȈȘȐ ȧȊȐȓȐ ǭȋȖ șȓȈȊț, Ȉ ǩȈȓȈȘȈȔȈ, ǴȖȝȐȕȐ Ȑ ǪȈȔȈȕȈ - ǭȋȖ ȒȘȈșȖȚț. ǬȈȚȚȈȚȘȍȑȈ, ǴȈȚșȑȈ, DzțȔȈȘȈ Ȑ DzȈȗȐȓȈ ȗȘȖȌȍȔȖȕșȚȘȐȘȖȊȈȓȐ ǭȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, Ȉ ǵȈȘȈ Ȑ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ ǸȐȠȐ - ǭȋȖ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȕȖșȚȤ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȘȧȔȖ ȐȓȐ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȓȐ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ǭȋȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȗȘȍȌȊȍȟȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓ Ȋșȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ǩȖȋȈ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ. ǹȈȔȣȍ ȕȍȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȗȘȖȌȍȔȖȕșȚȘȐȘȖȊȈȓ Ȋ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ 126


127 ș ȌȍȊțȠȒȈȔȐ-ȗȈșȚțȠȒȈȔȐ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ǭȋȖ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ. ǭȋȖ ȐȋȘȣ ș ȋȖȗȐ - ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ, ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȝȖȚȧ ȊȕȍȠȕȍ ȖȕȐ ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȦȚ ȗȓȖȚșȒțȦ ȓȦȉȖȊȤ. ǵȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȕȖ ȐșȚȖȓȒȖȊȣȊȈȚȤ ȖșȖȉțȦ ȗȘȍȓȍșȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȐȋȘ ș ȋȖȗȐ. «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȍȚ Ȗȉ ȥȚȐȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ Ȋ ǬȍșȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ. Ǫ ȗȍȘȊȣȝ ȌȍȊȧȚȐ ȗȍșȕȧȝ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȌȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȧ ȌȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ȐȋȘ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ș ȋȖȗȐ. ǷȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǬȎȐȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȕȖȔț ȕȈ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȝ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈȝ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ Ȋșȍȝ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ. ǹȈȔ Ȏȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ. dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȖȔ ȖȉȢȍȔȍ ȗȘȐșțȡȐ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȐ ǪȣșȠȍȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ, Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȚ ȐșȚȐȕȣ, ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȧȡȍȑ ǭȋȖ ȐȓȐ ȘȈȊȕȖȑ ǭȔț. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ țȗȖȚȘȍȉȓȍȕȖ șȓȖȊȖ șȊȈȑȈȔ, ȗȖȌȟȍȘȒȐȊȈȦȡȍȍ, ȟȚȖ ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȕȍȚ ȐȕȖȋȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ǵȍȋȖ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ. ǵȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȔȍșȚȈȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚșȧ șȓȖȊȖȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ, țȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȡȐȔ ȕȈ ȖșȖȉȣȍ ȜțȕȒȞȐȐ ȥȚȐȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ, ȖȕȐ ȕȐȋȌȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȦȚșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ șȓȖȊȖ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȧȍȚ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ȒȈȒ șțȔȔțȔ ȉȖȕțȔ. DzȘȐȠȕȈ - șțȔȔțȔ ȉȖȕțȔ - ȖȌȐȕ Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȌȐȕ. Ƕȕ ǹȈȔ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȓ ǹȍȉȧ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȧȝ, ȟȈșȚȧȝ Ȑ ȟȈșȚȐȞȈȝ. Dz ȕȐȔ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ șȊȈȑȈȔ-ȘțȗȈ, șȊȈȑȈȔ-ȗȘȈȒȈȠȈ, ȚȈȌ-ȥȒȈȚȔȈ, ȗȘȈȉȝȈȊȈ, ȊȈȐȉȝȈȊȈ, ȊȐȓȈșȈ, ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈ, ȈȊȍȠȈ Ȑ ȌȎȐȊȣ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȐ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȣ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȔȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ. ǻȟȍȕȣȍ, șȊȍȌțȡȐȍ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȕȈțȒȍ, Ȋ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ ȚȡȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȐȠȓȐ Ȓ ȊȣȊȖȌț, ȟȚȖ șțȔȔțȔ ȉȖȕțȔ - DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȠȍșȚȤȦȌȍșȧȚȤȦ ȟȍȚȣȘȤȔȧ ȖșȕȖȊȕȣȔȐ șȊȖȑșȚȊȈȔȐ. ȅȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ, ȐȓȐ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȓȐȠȤ ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȖ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȚ ȥȚȐ șȊȖȑșȚȊȈ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȏȍ ȐȔȐ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. Ǫșȍ ǭȋȖ ȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ: șȊȈȑȈȔ-ȗȘȈȒȈȠȈ, ȚȈȌ-ȥȒȈȚȔȈ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. ȊȗȓȖȚȤ ȌȖ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ ȈȊȈȚȈȘ, ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȌȖ ȌȍȊȧȕȖșȚȈ ȚȘȍȝ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ ȥȚȐȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ șȊȖȑșȚȊ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȐȊȈ - ȕȍ ȈȊȈȚȈȘȈ, ȕȍ ȈȊȍȠȈ Ȑ ȕȍ ȕȍȟȚȖ ȗȘȖȔȍȎțȚȖȟȕȖȍ - ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȥȚȐȔȐ șȊȖȑșȚȊȈȔȐ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȕȈ ȊȖșȍȔȤȌȍșȧȚ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȈ. Ǩ ȌȎȐȊȣ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȡȐȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȕȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ, ȟȍȔ șȍȔȤȦȌȍșȧȚȤȦ ȊȖșȤȔȤȦ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȈȔȐ ȥȚȐȝ șȊȖȑșȚȊ. ǵȈȝȖȌȧșȤ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ, ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȥȚȐȔȐ șȊȖȑșȚȊȈȔȐ ȓȐȠȤ Ȋ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȕȍȏȕȈȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ - Ȋ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȐ ȖȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȕȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȖ. ǹȈȔȖȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ Ȑȏ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ - ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ȋȓȈȊȕȣȑ țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȑ ȌȈȕȕȖȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. ǭȔț ȗȘȐșțȡȐ șȍȔȤȌȍșȧȚ ȊȖșȍȔȤ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ ȥȚȐȝ șȊȖȑșȚȊ Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȖȔ ȖȉȢȍȔȍ. ǶșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȥȚȐȔȐ Ȏȍ șȊȖȑșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȔȍȕȤȠȍȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ, Ȉ ȓȦȌȐ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȓȐȠȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȕȍȏȕȈȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȖȓȍȑ ȥȚȐȝ șȊȖȑșȚȊ. ǰȌȍȈȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȤ Ȋ șȍȉȍ Ȋșȍ șȍȔȤȌȍșȧȚ ȊȖșȍȔȤ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ ȥȚȐȝ șȊȖȑșȚȊ. ǮȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȚȤ ȚȍȔȐ Ȏȍ șȊȖȑșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȀȐȊȈ, ǪȐȠȕț ȐȓȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. Ǫ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȊ șȍȔȤȌȍșȧȚ ȊȖșȍȔȤ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ, ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ, ȕȖ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ - ǩȖȋȖȔ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȔ ȀȐȊȍ, ǪȐȠȕț ȐȓȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, ȝȖȚȧ șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ ȖȕȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȖȑ. Ǫșȍ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - Ȋȍȟȕȣȍ șȗțȚȕȐȒȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȈșȍȓȧȦȡȐȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ǽȈȘȐ-ȌȝȈȔȈ Ȑ ǴȈȝȍȠȈ-ȌȝȈȔȈ. Ǩ ȕȈȌ ȊșȍȔȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔȐ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȔȐ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ DzȘȐȠȕȈȓȖȒȈ, ȐȓȐ ǫȖȓȖȒȈ ǪȘȐȕȌȈȊȈȕȈ. ǹȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȘȈȏȊȐȊȠȐȍ șȍȔȤȌȍșȧȚ ȊȖșȍȔȤ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ țȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ, ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȍ 127


128 ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȗȈșȚȤ ȕȈ DzȘȐȠȕȈȓȖȒț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 29 ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȋțȝȑȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȖ ȑȈ ȥȚȈȚ ȗȘȈȑȈȚȖ ȕȈȘȈȝ șȈȑȈȔ ȗȘȈȚȈȘ ȋȘȐȕȈȕ ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ ȌțȝȒȝȈ-ȋȘȈȔȈȌ ȊȐȔțȟȑȈȚȍ ȌȎȈȕȔȈ - ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȋțȝȑȈȔ - ȚȈȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȑȈȝ - ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ; ȥȚȈȚ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; ȗȘȈȑȈȚȈȝ - ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ; ȕȈȘȈȝ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ; șȈȑȈȔ - ȊȍȟȍȘ; ȗȘȈȚȈȝ țȚȘȖ; ȋȘȐȕȈȕ - ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȍȚ; ȉȝȈȒȚȑȈ - ș ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ; ȌțȝȒȝȈ-ȋȘȈȔȈȚ - ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ; ȊȐȔțȟȑȈȚȍ - ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ țȚȘȖȔ Ȑ ȊȍȟȍȘȖȔ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȑ ș ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȍȚ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȚȈȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈȠȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖșȚȐȋ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȣȘȊȈȊȠȐșȤ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȐȚȈȓȐȡȈ, ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǰȚȈȒ, ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ ȚȈȑȕȣ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȊșȍȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȕȍȖȉȣȟȕȣ. ǶȕȐ ȚȈȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣ, Ȑ ȚȈȑȕȈ ȥȚȈ ȖȚȒȘȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ șȚȈȘȈȍȚșȧ ȒȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȋȓțȉȎȍ ȊȕȐȒȕțȚȤ Ȋ ȕȍȍ. ǺȈȒ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȍ Ȑ ș ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ ȥȚț ȋȓȈȊț «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȡțȦ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧȝ, Ȑ țȎȍ ȖȌȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȐȚ ȗȘȖȕȐȒȕțȚȤ Ȋ ȚȈȑȕț ǭȋȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǹȈȔȖ șȓȖȊȖ ȊȐȔțȒȚȐ (ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ) țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ Ȋșȧ ȍȋȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ, ȐȕȈȟȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȉȣ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȧ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ, ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȡȐȍ Ȑȝ. ǶȕȐ ȏȈȋȈȌȖȟȕȣ, Ȑ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȕȍ ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȚ ȗȘȈȊȈ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȚȈȑȕț ǭȋȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 ȥȚȈȌ ȘțȗȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȖ ȝȑ ȈȘțȗȈșȑȈ ȟȐȌ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȔȈȑȈ-ȋțȕȈȐȘ ȊȐȘȈȟȐȚȈȔ ȔȈȝȈȌȈȌȐȉȝȐȘ ȈȚȔȈȕȐ ȥȚȈȚ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; ȘțȗȈȔ - ȜȖȘȔȣ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȘțȗȈșȑȈ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȍȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ; ȟȐȚ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ - ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ; ȔȈȑȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ; ȋțȕȈȐȝ - ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ; ȊȐȘȈȟȐȚȈȔ - șȖȏȌȈȕȈ; ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ ȒȖȔȗȖȕȍȕȚȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ; ȈȚȔȈȕȐ - Ȋ șȍȉȍ. DzȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ȊșȍȓȍȕșȒȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȐȘȈȚ-Șțȗȣ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȡȍȑșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȊȖȖȉȘȈȎȈȍȔȈ. ǭȍ ȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ - ȌȈȚȤ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ 128


129 ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȔ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȔ ȘȈȏțȔȖȔ [Ȑ ȕȍȖȜȐȚȈȔ], ȗȘȐȊȣȒȕțȚȤ Ȓ ȔȣșȓȐ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȜȖȘȔȖȑ. Ǫ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȏȍ ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȈȧ ȒȈȒ ȊȐȠȊȈ-ȘțȗȈ, ȐȓȐ ȊȐȘȈȚ-ȘțȗȈ, ȕȍ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȟȐșȓȍ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȋșȍ țȒȈȏȈȕȕȣȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ, Ȑ Ȋ Ȑȝ ȚȍȓȈȝ ȕȍȚ ȕȐ ȋȘȈȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ. Ǫ ȕȐȝ ȕȍȚ ȗȘȐșțȡȍȋȖ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȌțȠȈȔ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȚȍȓȖȔ Ȑ ȌțȠȖȑ. ǪȐȘȈȚ-ȘțȗȈ ȗȘȐȌțȔȈȕȈ Ȍȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȚȖ ȊșȚȈȓ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȋț. ǰȔ ȌȈȍȚșȧ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊȐȘȈȚ-Șțȗȣ, Ȑ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ ȉțȌȍȚ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤșȧ ȊȖ ǪȚȖȘȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȐ ȊȐȘȈȚ-Șțȗȣ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ǭȋȖ ȕȖȋȈȔȐ, ȘțȒȈȔȐ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. Ǫ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȥȚȐ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȣ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȖȜȐȚȖȊ. ǵȍȖȜȐȚȣ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȊȣȝȖȌȐȚ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȍȘȍȟȕȍ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȝ ȜȖȘȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ, ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȐ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȈȚȖȔȈȝ, ȕȖ ȊȕȍȠȕȧȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ - ȕȍ ȟȚȖ ȐȕȖȍ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȖȌțȒȚ ȊȖȖȉȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ. ǵȣȕȍȠȕȐȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȌțȠ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȕȍȘȍȈȓȤȕȣ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȊȐȘȈȚ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ȚȍȓȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȍȘȍȈȓȤȕȈ. ǰ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - ȎȐȊȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔȐ ȚȍȓȈȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 31 ȑȈȚȝȈ ȕȈȉȝȈșȐ ȔȍȋȝȈțȋȝȖ ȘȍȕțȘ ȊȈ ȗȈȘȚȝȐȊȖ 'ȕȐȓȍ ȥȊȈȔ ȌȘȈȠȚȈȘȐ ȌȘȐȠȑȈȚȊȈȔ ȈȘȖȗȐȚȈȔ ȈȉțȌȌȝȐȉȝȐȝ ȑȈȚȝȈ - ȒȈȒ; ȕȈȉȝȈșȐ - Ȋ ȕȍȉȍ; ȔȍȋȝȈ-ȖȋȝȈȝ - ȔȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȓȈȒȖȊ; Șȍȕțȝ - ȗȣȓȤ; ȊȈ - ȒȈȒ; ȗȈȘȚȝȐȊȈȝ - ȋȘȧȏȤ; ȈȕȐȓȍ - Ȋ ȊȖȏȌțȝȍ; ȥȊȈȔ - ȚȈȒ; ȌȘȈȠȚȈȘȐ - șȔȖȚȘȧȡȍȔț; ȌȘȐȠȑȈȚȊȈȔ - ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ; ȈȘȖȗȐȚȈȔ - ȗȍȘȍȕȖșȧȚșȧ; ȈȉțȌȌȝȐȉȝȐȝ ȔȈȓȖȘȈȏțȔȕȣȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ. ǶȉȓȈȒȈ Ȑ ȗȣȓȤ ȗȍȘȍȕȖșȧȚșȧ ȊȖȏȌțȝȖȔ, ȕȖ ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȉȖ ȖȉȓȈȟȕȖ, Ȉ ȊȖȏȌțȝ ȋȘȧȏȍȕ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȣȔ Ȏȍ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȖȕȐ ȗȍȘȍȕȖșȧȚ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȍ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȚȍȓȖȔ, ȕȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȌțȠț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȕȈȠȍȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȏȘȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ Ȕȣ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖ ȌțȝȖȊȍȕ. Ǵȣ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȔ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȐșȒȘț, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡțȦșȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ Țȍȓȍ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. Ǵȣ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȍȔ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȕȈ ȊȕȍȠȕȦȦ, ȚȍȓȍșȕțȦ ȖȉȖȓȖȟȒț ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȐȓȐ ȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȚȖȕȒȐȑ țȔ, ȕȖ ȕȍ ȊȐȌȐȔ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȍȑșȧ ȊȕțȚȘȐ ȚȍȓȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȐșȒȘȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȐ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȕȈȔ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚșȧ șțȌȐȚȤ ȗȖ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȦ ȍȋȖ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ. ǺȈȒ Ȏȍ Ȑ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȐȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȋȓȈȏȈȔȐ ȐȓȐ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ ȔȍȌȐȚȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȋȐȋȈȕȚșȒȖȍ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȐȔȍȕțȍȔȖȍ ȊȐȘȈȚ-ȘțȗȖȑ. ǵȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȍȌȍȚ Ȋ șȊȖȍȑ ȔȈȠȐȕȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȓȍȋȒȖ ȏȈȔȍȚȐȚȤ, Ȕȣ ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȧȍȔ ȔȈȠȐȕț ș ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ Ȋ ȕȍȑ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȏȐȌȍȕȚ ȊȣȍȏȎȈȍȚ ȕȈ 129


130 șȊȖȍȑ ȓȐȟȕȖȑ ȔȈȠȐȕȍ, Ȕȣ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȔ: «ǭȌȍȚ ȗȘȍȏȐȌȍȕȚ». Ǫ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȖȔȍȕȚ Ȕȣ ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȧȍȔ ȔȈȠȐȕț ș ȗȘȍȏȐȌȍȕȚȖȔ. ǨȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ, ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȧ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȑ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȒȊȈȓȐȜȐȒȈȞȐȍȑ, șȕȈȟȈȓȈ Ȋ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȋȐȋȈȕȚșȒȐȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȒȖșȔȖș, ȝȖȚȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȑ ȊȕțȚȘȐ, Ȑ Ȋȕȍ ȊșȍȋȖ. Ǫ șȊȧȏȐ ș ȥȚȐȔ țȔȍșȚȕȣ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȣ ș ȖȉȓȈȒȈȔȐ Ȋ ȕȍȉȍ Ȑ ȋȖȓțȉȐȏȕȖȑ ȕȍȉȈ. ǽȖȚȧ ȋȖȓțȉȖȊȈȚȈȧ ȖȒȘȈșȒȈ ȕȍȉȈ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȈ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ șȈȔȖȋȖ, Ȕȣ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȔ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȉȖ ȋȖȓțȉȖȍ. ǵȖ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȉȣȚțȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȘȍȌȐ ȖȉȣȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 32 ȈȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȈȊȑȈȒȚȈȔ ȈȊȑțȌȝȈ-ȋțȕȈ-ȉȘȐȔȝȐȚȈȔ ȈȌȘȐȠȚȈȠȘțȚȈ-ȊȈșȚțȚȊȈȚ șȈ ȌȎȐȊȖ ȑȈȚ ȗțȕȈȘ-ȉȝȈȊȈȝ ȈȚȈȝ - ȥȚȖȚ; ȗȈȘȈȔ - ȗȖȔȐȔȖ; ȑȈȚ - ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ; ȈȊȑȈȒȚȈȔ - ȕȍȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ; ȈȊȑțȌȝȈ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȖȟȍȘȚȈȕȐȑ; ȋțȕȈ-ȉȘȐȔȝȐȚȈȔ - ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕȈ ȊȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊȐȦ ȋțȕ; ȈȌȘȐȠȚȈ ȕȍȊȐȌȐȔȈȧ; ȈȠȘțȚȈ - ȕȍșȓȣȠȐȔȈȧ; ȊȈșȚțȚȊȈȚ - ȗȖȌȖȉȕȈȧ ȚȖȔț; șȈȝ - ȚȖ; ȌȎȐȊȈȝ ȎȐȊȖȔț șțȡȍșȚȊț; ȑȈȚ - ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ; ȗțȕȈȝ-ȉȝȈȊȈȝ - ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕȖ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȦȡȐȔșȧ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ. ǷȖȔȐȔȖ ȋȘțȉȖȑ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȐ ȜȖȘȔȣ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȐȕȈȧ, ȚȖȕȒȈȧ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ȜȖȘȔȣ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȍȑ ȊȕȍȠȕȐȝ ȖȟȍȘȚȈȕȐȑ, ȕȍȊȐȌȐȔȖȑ, ȕȍșȓȣȠȐȔȖȑ Ȑ ȕȍȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ. ǼȖȘȔȈ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȈ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ, ȐȕȈȟȍ ȖȕȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȋȓȖ ȉȣ ȘȖȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȊȕȖȊȤ Ȑ ȊȕȖȊȤ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȈȘȧȌț ș ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ Ȗ ȋȘțȉȖȔ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȔ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȐ ȒȈȒ Ȗ ȋȐȋȈȕȚșȒȖȔ Țȍȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ Ȑ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȧ ǭȋȖ ȚȖȕȒȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ - ȕȍȊȐȌȐȔȖȑ, ȕȍșȓȣȠȐȔȖȑ, ȕȍȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȕȖ șȖȏȕȈȊȈȍȔȖȑ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȋȘțȉȣȍ ȐȓȐ ȚȖȕȒȐȍ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȐ ȚȍȓȈ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ. ǮȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋȕȍ șȜȍȘȣ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȐȓȐ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ ȗșȐȝȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ. DzȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȗȖȒȐȌȈȍȚ ȊȐȌȐȔȖȍ ȋȘțȉȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ, ȥȚȖ ȋȘțȉȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ Ȑ ȗșȐȝȐȒȈ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȡȈȦȚ ȜțȕȒȞȐȖȕȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ. ǼȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ Ȕȣ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ țȠȓȖ, ȍșȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȊȐȌȕȖ Ȑ ȕȍ șȓȣȠȕȖ. ǬȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȋȘțȉȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȉȍȏȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȋȖ șȕȈ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, Ȕȣ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȧȍȔ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍ Ȋ Țȍȓȍ ȗȖ ȌȣȝȈȕȐȦ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț țȝȖȌ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȑȏ ȚȍȓȈ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȎȐȊȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ. ǭșȓȐ ȉȣ ȍȍ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ, ȒȈȒ ȉȣ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȔȖȋȓȖ ȘȖȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȊȕȖȊȤ Ȑ ȊȕȖȊȤ? ǰȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȊȣȊȖȌ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊȍȟȕȖ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ Ȋ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ, Ȋ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȍ ȖȚ ȜȖȘȔ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȐ ȋȘțȉȖȑ, ȕȐ ȚȖȕȒȖȑ. ǭȋȖ ȚȍȓȖ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȚȤ ș ȋȘțȉȣȔ ȐȓȐ ȚȖȕȒȐȔ ȚȍȓȖȔ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. Ǫșȍ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȗ Țȍȓȍ ǩȖȋȈ - ȗȓȖȌ ȊȖȖȉȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ. ǮȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȐȊȈȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȍȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȐȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 33 ȑȈȚȘȍȔȍ șȈȌ-ȈșȈȌ-Șțȗȍ 130


131 ȗȘȈȚȐȠȐȌȌȝȍ șȊȈ-șȈȔȊȐȌȈ ȈȊȐȌȑȈȑȈȚȔȈȕȐ ȒȘȐȚȍ ȐȚȐ ȚȈȌ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȚȘȈ - ȒȖȋȌȈ; ȐȔȍ - ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȥȚȐȝ; șȈȚ-ȈșȈȚ - ȋȘțȉȣȝ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȐȝ; Șțȗȍ - Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȈȝ; ȗȘȈȚȐȠȐȌȌȝȍ - ș țșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȍȔ; șȊȈ-șȈȔȊȐȌȈ - ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ; ȈȊȐȌȑȈȑȈ - ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖȔ; ȈȚȔȈȕȐ - Ȋ ȌțȠȍ; ȒȘȐȚȍ - ȕȈȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȍ; ȐȚȐ - ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȚȈȚ ȥȚȖ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ - ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȋ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȍ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȡțȡȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȕȐ ȋȘțȉȖȍ, ȕȐ ȚȖȕȒȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ȍȋȖ ȟȐșȚȖȔț «ȧ», ȚȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȊȐȌȐȚ Ȑ șȈȔȖȋȖ șȍȉȧ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǸȈȏȕȐȞȈ ȔȍȎȌț șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȍȑ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȑ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȍ, ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȣȍ ȕȈșȓȖȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ Țȍȓ ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȊȕȍȠȕȐȍ ȖȉȖȓȖȟȒȐ ȌțȠȐ. ǷȘȐȟȐȕȈ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȕȖȊȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȐȝ ȖȉȖȓȖȟȍȒ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ. dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȗȖȒȘȣȚȈ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȖȉȖȓȖȟȒȈȔȐ. ǺȊȍȘȌȖ țșȊȖȐȚȤ ȥȚȖ - ȏȕȈȟȐȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȕțȎȕȖ ȊȍșȚȐ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕțȦ, ȐȓȐ, ȐȕȣȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ, ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǶșȖȏȕȈȚȤ șȍȉȧ - ȏȕȈȟȐȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȘȈȊȕȖȌțȠȕȣȔ Ȓ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȧȔ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ Țȍȓ Ȑ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȌțȠȐ. ǰȔȗțȓȤș Ȓ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȖȚ ȌțȠȐ, ȕȖ ȍșȓȐ ȌțȠȈ ȕȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ, ȥȚȈ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖȑ. ǷȖ șȊȖȍȔț ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊț ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȧȍȚ șȊȖȐ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȣ ș ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȗȖȓȤȏț ȋȘțȉȖȔț Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȔț ȚȍȓȈȔ. ȅȚȖ ȌȍȓȈȍȚ ȉȍșșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȊșȦ ȍȋȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȕȈ ȗȘȖȚȧȎȍȕȐȐ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȎȐȏȕȍȑ. ǬȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȌțȠȐ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȗțȚȍȔ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ șȊȖȦ șțȡȕȖșȚȤ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȟȤȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ ȌțȠȐ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȌȎȐȊȈȕ-ȔțȒȚȖȑ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȐ. ȅȚȖȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȑ șȚȈȌȐȐ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈȔȐ - ȍȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ, ȓȐȠȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȊȠȐșȤ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȕȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ Ȑ ȓȐȠȤ ȖȚ ǵȍȋȖ ȐșȝȖȌȧȚ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȗȈȔȧȚȤ Ȑ ȏȈȉȊȍȕȐȍ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ (ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȣȔȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ), ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖȋȘțȎȈȍȚ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȗțȟȐȕț ȏȈȉȊȍȕȐȧ. ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȋȘțȉȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȐȑ țȔ ȏȈ șȈȔȖȋȖ șȍȉȧ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ Ȋ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ș ȔȖȓȤȉȖȑ Ȗȉ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȐ Ȑȏ ȚȐșȒȖȊ ȏȈȉȊȍȕȐȧ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ țșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ șȒȘȣȊȈȦȡțȦ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȏȈȊȍșț ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ, Ȑ ȖȕȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ. ǯȈȚȍȔ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȊȍȘȕțȊȠȍȍșȧ Ȋ șȊȖȍ ȕȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȖȍ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȧșȤ ȖȚ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȧȍȚ ȥȚȖ ȓȐȉȖ ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȓȐȉȖ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 34 ȑȈȌȑ ȥȠȖȗȈȘȈȚȈ ȌȍȊȐ 131


132 ȔȈȑȈ ȊȈȐȠȈȘȈȌȐ ȔȈȚȐȝ șȈȔȗȈȕȕȈ ȥȊȍȚȐ ȊȐȌțȘ ȔȈȝȐȔȕȐ șȊȍ ȔȈȝȐȑȈȚȍ ȑȈȌȐ - ȍșȓȐ Ȏȍ; ȥȠȈ - ȖȕȐ; țȗȈȘȈȚȈ - ȖȚșȚțȗȈȍȚ; ȌȍȊȐ ȔȈȑȈ - ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ, ȗȖȘȖȎȌȈȦȡȈȧ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȦ; ȊȈȐȠȈȘȈȌȐ - ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ; ȔȈȚȐȝ - ȗȘȖșȊȍȡȍȕȐȍ; șȈȔȗȈȕȕȈȝ - ȖȌȈȘȍȕ; ȥȊȈ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȐȚȐ - ȚȈȒ; ȊȐȌțȝ - șȖȏȕȈȊȈȧ; ȔȈȝȐȔȕȐ - Ȋ șȓȈȊȍ; șȊȍ - ȌțȠȐ; ȔȈȝȐȑȈȚȍ - ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȧ. ǰ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȖȚșȚțȗȈȍȚ, Ȑ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȖȕȖ ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȍȚ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ șȊȖȍȔ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ - ȥȚȖ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȍ ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋșȍ ǭȋȖ ȜȖȘȔȣ, ȐȔȍȕȈ, ȐȋȘȣ, șȊȖȑșȚȊȈ, șȗțȚȕȐȒȐ Ȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ ǭȔț. ǭȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ǭȋȖ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȖȔ. ǶȌȕȈ Ȑ ȚȈ Ȏȍ ǭȋȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȒȈȒ ȊȕȍȠȕȧȧ, ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȧȧ Ȑ ȗȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, Ȑ Ȋ ǹȊȖȍȔ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍ Ƕȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȓȦȉȖȑ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȎȍȓȈȍȚ. ǷȖ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȊȖȓȍ Ƕȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȊȕȍȠȕȦȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ ȊȖ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȦȦ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȕȍȠȕȧȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ, ȊȊȍȘȋȈȦȡȈȧ Ȋ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȦ Țȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȚșȚțȗȈȍȚ, Ȑ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȘȈșȒȈȐȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ ȕȈȓȈȋȈȍȚ ȕȈ șȍȉȧ ȍȗȐȚȐȔȤȐ. ǯȈȚȍȔ ȚȈ Ȏȍ șȈȔȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȗȖȔȖȋȈȍȚ ȖȟȐșȚȐȊȠȍȔțșȧ ȎȐȊȖȔț șțȡȍșȚȊț ȗȘȖȌȊȐȋȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǯȌȍșȤ țȔȍșȚȕȖ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ș ȥȓȍȒȚȘȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ. ǶȗȣȚȕȣȑ ȥȓȍȒȚȘȐȒ, ȗȖȘȈȏȕȖȔț ȗȘȐȔȍȕȧȧ ȥȓȍȒȚȘȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ ȍȍ Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȕȈȋȘȍȊȈȕȐȧ, Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȖȝȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒ Ȏȍ Ȑ ȊȕȍȠȕȧȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ șȍȑȟȈș șȉȐȊȈȍȚ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ș ȚȖȓȒț, ȏȈșȚȈȊȓȧȧ ȍȋȖ ȉȍșȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ ȘȖȎȌȈȚȤșȧ Ȑ țȔȐȘȈȚȤ, ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ ȊȖ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȦȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȍșȚȐ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ Ȓ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǶȉȘȍȚȧ ȚȈȒțȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚ șȊȖȍ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȚȤșȧ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȤȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 35 ȥȊȈȔ ȌȎȈȕȔȈȕȐ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ ȝȑ ȈȒȈȘȚțȘ ȈȌȎȈȕȈșȑȈ ȟȈ ȊȈȘȕȈȑȈȕȚȐ șȔȈ ȒȈȊȈȑȖ ȊȍȌȈ-ȋțȝȑȈȕȐ ȝȘȐȚ-ȗȈȚȍȝ ȥȊȈȔ - ȚȈȒ; ȌȎȈȕȔȈȕȐ - ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ - ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȒȈȘȚțȝ - ȉȍȏȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȡȍȋȖ; ȈȌȎȈȕȈșȑȈ - ȕȍȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȋȖ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȊȈȘȕȈȑȈȕȚȐ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚ; șȔȈ - Ȋ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȔ; ȒȈȊȈȑȈȝ - țȟȍȕȣȍ; ȊȍȌȈ-ȋțȝȑȈȕȐ - ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȕȍ ȘȈșȒȘȣȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ; ȝȘȐȚ-ȗȈȚȍȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȐȕ șȍȘȌȞȈ. ǺȈȒ șȊȍȌțȡȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȕȍȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȋȖ Ȑ ȉȍȏȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȡȍȋȖ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȕȍ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȚȤ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ. Ƕȕ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȍȘȌȞȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȕȐ Ȋȍȟȕȣ, Ȑ ȕȐ Ȍȓȧ ǵȍȋȖ, ȕȐ Ȍȓȧ ȕȐȝ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ. 132


133 ǸȈȏȕȐȞȈ ȔȍȎȌț ȕȐȔȐ ȓȐȠȤ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑ țȝȖȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ ȖȚ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȘȖȎȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȑ șȕȖȊȈ țȔȐȘȈȦȚ, șȊȧȏȈȕȣ ȏȈȒȖȕȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǵȖ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ Ȑ țȝȖȌ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, ȖȕȐ - ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȦȚ Ȗ ȕȐȝ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȚȒȘȣȚȤ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȌȖȘȖȋț Ȓ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», ȟȚȖ ǭȋȖ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȖȍ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ Ȑ Ȋșȧ ǭȋȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ. ǷȘȖșȚȖ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȧ Ȗȉ ȥȚȐȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȐȑȚȐ Ȓ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ Ȑ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. Ǫ ȠȘțȚȐ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȑ ȘȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ. ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȑ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ, ȕȖ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ƕȕ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡ, Ȋșȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚșȧ ǰȔ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ȉȣ șȈȔȖ șȖȉȖȑ. ǵȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ Ȑ țȝȖȌ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȊȐȌȣ ǭȋȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ - ȥȚȖ ȚȈȑȕȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȍ ȘȈșȒȘȣȚȈ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ. ǰ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ, ȌȈȘțȧ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȌțȠȈȔ ǹȊȖȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚ Ȑȝ. Ǵȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧȔ Ȗ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ țȌȖȉȕțȦ Ȑ ȗȘȐȧȚȕțȦ ȜȖȘȔț ȔȍȌȐȚȈȞȐȐ ȕȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 36 șȈ ȊȈ ȐȌȈȔ ȊȐȠȊȈȔ ȈȔȖȋȝȈ-ȓȐȓȈȝ șȘȐȌȎȈȚȑ ȈȊȈȚȑ ȈȚȚȐ ȕȈ șȈȌȎȌȎȈȚȍ 'șȔȐȕ ȉȝțȚȍȠț ȟȈȕȚȈȘȝȐȚȈ ȈȚȔȈ-ȚȈȕȚȘȈȝ ȠȈȌ-ȊȈȘȋȐȒȈȔ ȌȎȐȋȝȘȈȚȐ ȠȈȌ-ȋțȕȍȠȈȝ șȈȝ - ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȊȈ - ȗȖȖȟȍȘȍȌȕȖ; ȐȌȈȔ - ȥȚȖȚ; ȊȐȠȊȈȔ - ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ; ȈȔȖȋȝȈ-ȓȐȓȈȝ - ȚȖȚ, ȟȤȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȈ; șȘȐȌȎȈȚȐ - șȖȏȌȈȍȚ; ȈȊȈȚȐ ȈȚȚȐ - ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚ Ȑ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; șȈȌȎȌȎȈȚȍ - ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍȔ; ȈșȔȐȕ - Ȋ ȕȐȝ; ȉȝțȚȍȠț - ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȝ; ȟȈ - ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈȕȚȈȘȝȐȚȈȝ - ȎȐȊțȡȐȑ ȊȕțȚȘȐ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȚȈȕȚȘȈȝ - ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔ; ȠȈȚ-ȊȈȘȋȐȒȈȔ - ȊȖ Ȋșȍȑ ȗȖȓȕȖȚȍ ǹȊȖȐȝ ȌȖșȚȖȧȕȐȑ; ȌȎȐȋȝȘȈȚȐ - ȍȌȊȈ șȖȗȘȐȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȐ ȊȌȣȝȈȕȐȐ ȈȘȖȔȈȚȈ; ȠȈȚ-ȋțȕȈ-ȐȠȈȝ - ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ ȠȍșȚȐ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȟȤȐ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȣ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȖȑ ȠȍșȚȐ ȟțȊșȚȊ Ȑ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȘȈșȗȖȓȈȋȈȍȚ ȠȍșȚȤȦ ȌȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧȔȐ. Ƕȕ șȖȏȌȈȍȚ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ, ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚ Ȑ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ Ȑȝ, ȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȕȐȒȈȒ ȕȍ ȊȓȐȧȍȚ ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ ȊȕțȚȘȐ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǶșȕȖȊȕȖȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȍ ȔȍȎȌț ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȚȊȖȘȞȖȔ, Ȉ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȔȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ǭȋȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȈȔȖȋȝȈ-ȓȐȓȈȝ, ȗȖȌȟȍȘȒȐȊȈȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ǭȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȗȘȐșȒȖȘȉȕȖȋȖ. ǺȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊ Ȋ ǭȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ, șȈȔȐȔ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȚȤ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȖ. Ƕȕ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȤȧȔ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȔȍȘȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȊșȍȔȐ ȠȍșȚȤȦ ȌȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧȔȐ: ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖȔ, șȐȓȖȑ, șȓȈȊȖȑ, ȒȘȈșȖȚȖȑ, ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ƕȕ - ȊȓȈșȚȍȓȐȕ ȟțȊșȚȊ. Ƕȕ șȖȏȌȈȍȚ ȥȚȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐșȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ Ȋ ȕȐȝ Ȑ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȦȚ ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ, Ƕȕ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȍȚ ȥȚȐ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ Ȑ Ȋ ȌȖȓȎȕȣȑ șȘȖȒ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ Ȑȝ, ȗȘȐȟȍȔ Ȋșȧ ȥȚȈ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȕȐșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȍ ȊȓȐȧȍȚ ȕȈ ǵȍȋȖ. ǭȋȖ șȊȧȏȤ ș 133


134 ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȕȈ. Ƕȕ șȊȧȏȈȕ ș ȕȐȔ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȌȣȝȈȍȚ ȏȈȗȈȝ, ȕȍ șȖȗȘȐȒȈșȈȧșȤ ș ȍȋȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȍȟȍșȚȐȊȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȟȚȖ ȉȣ ȖȕȐ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕȐ ȌȍȓȈȓȐ, ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǵȍȔț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 37 ȕȈ ȟȈșȑȈ ȒȈȠȟȐȕ ȕȐȗțȕȍȕȈ ȌȝȈȚțȘ ȈȊȈȐȚȐ ȌȎȈȕȚțȝ ȒțȔȈȕȐȠȈ țȚȐȝ ȕȈȔȈȕȐ ȘțȗȈȕȐ ȔȈȕȖ-ȊȈȟȖȉȝȐȝ șȈȕȚȈȕȊȈȚȖ ȕȈȚȈ-ȟȈȘȑȈȔ ȐȊȈȌȎȕȈȝ ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȈșȑȈ - ǭȋȖ; ȒȈȠȟȐȚ - ȒȚȖ ȉȣ ȚȖ ȕȐ ȉȣȓ; ȕȐȗțȕȍȕȈ - țȝȐȡȘȍȕȐȧȔȐ; ȌȝȈȚțȝ - ȚȊȖȘȞȈ; ȈȊȈȐȚȐ - ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ; ȌȎȈȕȚțȝ - ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ; ȒțȔȈȕȐȠȈȝ ȉȍȌȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ; țȚȐȝ - ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȕȈȔȈȕȐ - ǭȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȈ; ȘțȗȈȕȐ - ǭȋȖ ȜȖȘȔȣ; ȔȈȕȈȝ-ȊȈȟȖȉȝȐȝ - țȔȖȏȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȐȓȐ ȘȍȟȈȔȐ; șȈȕȚȈȕȊȈȚȈȝ - ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȧ; ȕȈȚȈ-ȟȈȘȑȈȔ - ȚȍȈȚȘȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȖ; ȐȊȈ - ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ; ȈȌȎȕȈȝ - ȋȓțȗȞȣ. ǫȓțȗȞȣ șȖ șȒțȌȕȣȔȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ȜȖȘȔ, ȐȔȍȕ Ȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȐȋȘȈȦȡȍȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȈȒȚȍȘ ȕȈ șȞȍȕȍ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȚȤ Ȑȝ ȕȐ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ țȔȖȏȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧȝ, ȕȐ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȘȍȟȈȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȊȍȘȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǭȍ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȊȣȘȈȏȐȚȤ ȕȐ ȔȣșȓȤȦ, ȕȐ șȓȖȊȖȔ. ǰ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȕȍȊȍȎȌȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ șȊȖȐȝ ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȝ țȔȖȏȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȑ Ȑ ȕȍȌȖșȚȖȊȍȘȕȣȝ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȑ ǭȍ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. Ǭȓȧ ȔȐȘșȒȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ǭȋȖ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ Ȑ țȝȖȌ, ǭȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȈ, ȜȖȘȔȣ, ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍ, ǭȋȖ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ș ǵȐȔ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ, ȚȈȑȕȈ. ǭșȚȤ ȌȊȈ ȒȓȈșșȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȖȊ: ȒȈȘȔȐ Ȑ ȥȔȗȐȘȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȣ. DzȈȘȔȐ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ, Ȉ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȍ ȔȣșȓȐȚȍȓȐ, ȘȈ ȏȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȊȠȐșȤ Ȋ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȖȉȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ Ȑ ȗȣȚȈȦȚșȧ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǭȍ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ țȔȖȏȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȑ. Ǭȓȧ ȥȚȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ ȚȈȒȖȑ Ȏȍ ȚȈȑȕȖȑ, ȒȈȒ ȜȖȒțșȣ ȔȈȋȈ Ȍȓȧ ȌȍȚȍȑ. ǶȉȔȈȕțȚȣȍ ȜȖȒțșȈȔȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǹțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȐșȒțȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ Ȋ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȝ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȝ ȘȈșșȎȌȍȕȐȧȝ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȚ Ȋ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍ. ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕȕȖșȚȐ șȊȖȐȝ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȘȖȕȐȒȕțȚȤ Ȋ ȚȈȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȖȉȓȈșȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ. ǹȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȍ ȔȣșȓȐȚȍȓȐ șȚȖȧȚ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȣȠȍ ȊțȓȤȋȈȘȕȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȖȊ (ȒȈȘȔȐ), ȕȖ Ȑ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȚ ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȐ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț șȟȐȚȈȦȚ șȈȔȖ șȖȉȖȑ ȘȈȏțȔȍȦȡȐȔșȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȜȖȘȔț, ȐȔȧ Ȑ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ, ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ. Ǫ Ȑȝ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȐ ǪȣșȠȐȑ Ǭțȝ ȉȍșȜȖȘȔȍȕ, ȉȍȏȣȔȧȕȍȕ Ȑ ȉȍȏȌȍȧȚȍȓȍȕ. ǰ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȥȚȐ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȍ ȔȣșȓȐȚȍȓȐ ȗȘȐȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȦȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȔȧ Ȑ ȜȖȘȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȓ ȔȐȘșȒȐȔ ȐȔȍȕȈȔ Ȑ ȜȖȘȔȈȔ, ȖȕȐ, ȗȖ șțȚȐ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȚ Ȋ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍ. ǰȔȍȧ șȚȖȓȤ ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȣȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕțȦ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ǪȣșȠȍȋȖ ǹțȡȍșȚȊȈ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» șȒȈȏȈȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖ, ȌȈȎȍ ȒȖȋȌȈ Ƕȕ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ. ǵȖ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȍȑ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ: ȚȈȒ ȖȕȐ ȊȊȍȌȍȕȣ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ 134


135 ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 38

șȈ ȊȍȌȈ ȌȝȈȚțȝ ȗȈȌȈȊȐȔ ȗȈȘȈșȑȈ ȌțȘȈȕȚȈ-ȊȐȘȑȈșȑȈ ȘȈȚȝȈȕȋȈ-ȗȈȕȍȝ ȑȖ 'ȔȈȑȈȑȈ șȈȕȚȈȚȈȑȈȕțȊȘȐȚȚȑȈ ȉȝȈȌȎȍȚȈ ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈ-șȈȘȖȌȎȈ-ȋȈȕȌȝȈȔ șȈȝ - Ƕȕ ȖȌȐȕ; ȊȍȌȈ - ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ; ȌȝȈȚțȝ - ȚȊȖȘȞȈ; ȗȈȌȈȊȐȔ - șȓȈȊț; ȗȈȘȈșȑȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖșȚȐ; ȌțȘȈȕȚȈ-ȊȐȘȑȈșȑȈ - ȖȟȍȕȤ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ; ȘȈȚȝȈ-ȈȕȋȈ-ȗȈȕȍȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ș ȒȖȓȍșȖȔ ȖȚ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȣ Ȋ ȘțȒȍ; ȑȈȝ - ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ; ȈȔȈȑȈȑȈ ȉȍȏȖȋȖȊȖȘȖȟȕȖ; șȈȕȚȈȚȈȑȈ - ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȖ; ȈȕțȊȘȐȚȚȑȈ - ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖ; ȉȝȈȌȎȍȚȈ șȓțȎȐȚ; ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈ - ǭȋȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ; șȈȘȖȌȎȈ-ȋȈȕȌȝȈȔ - ȈȘȖȔȈȚ ȓȖȚȖșȈ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȉȍȏȖȋȖȊȖȘȖȟȕȖ, ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȖ Ȑ ș ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ șȓțȎȐȚ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȌȍȘȎȈȡȍȋȖ Ȋ ȘțȒȍ ȒȖȓȍșȖ ȖȚ ȒȖȓȍșȕȐȞȣ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȚȊȖȘȞȈ ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȑ ǭȋȖ șȓȈȊȍ, ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍ Ȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖșȚȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȍ ȖȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȝ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȑ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȐȔȧ, ȜȖȘȔț Ȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǿȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȕȍ ȎȌțȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȣ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȉȍșȗȘȐȔȍșȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǶȕȐ șȓțȎȈȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȕȍȗȘȍȘȣȊȕȖ, șȗȖȕȚȈȕȕȖ Ȑ ȉȍȏȖȋȖȊȖȘȖȟȕȖ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ Ȋ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȓțȎȐȚ ǭȔț ȗȘȧȔȖ ȐȓȐ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ. ȅȚȖȚ ȏȈȒȖȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚșȧ ȕȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȉȍȏ ȐșȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȧ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȎȐȚ ǭȔț ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ, ȗȖȕțȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, șȓțȎȐȚ ǭȔț ȉȍȏ ȓȦȉȊȐ. Ǻȍ Ȏȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ șȓțȎȐȚ ǭȔț ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȊȖȏȓȦȉȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȕȐȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, șȓțȎȈȚ ǭȔț ș ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȓțȎȐȚ ǭȔț ș ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȖȑȚȐ Ȋ ȚȈȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȖȉȓȈșȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ. ǹȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȍ Ȏȍ ȔȣșȓȐȚȍȓȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȚ ȊȖ ȚȤȔȍ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǹȈȔ ȊȍȌȍȚ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȖȕȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȣ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȋ șȗȖȕȚȈȕȕȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȍȒȘȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ ǩȖȋȈ. ǵȐ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȕȐ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȍ șȗȍȒțȓȧȞȐȐ ȕȍ ȌȈȦȚ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 39

ȈȚȝȍȝȈ ȌȝȈȕȑȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȚȈ ȐȚȚȝȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ 'ȒȝȐȓȈ-ȓȖȒȈ-ȕȈȚȝȍ ȒțȘȊȈȕȚȐ șȈȘȊȈȚȔȈȒȈȔ ȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȕȈ ȑȈȚȘȈ ȉȝțȑȈȝ ȗȈȘȐȊȈȘȚȈ țȋȘȈȝ ȈȚȝȈ - ȚȈȒ; ȐȝȈ - Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ; ȌȝȈȕȑȈȝ - ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȦȡȐȑ țșȗȍȝȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕȚȈȝ - Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍșȚȊȍ ȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ; ȐȚȚȝȈȔ - ȚȈȒȐȍ; ȑȈȚ - ȟȚȖ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȍ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȒȝȐȓȈ 135


136 - ȊșȍȖȉȢȍȔȓȦȡȍȔț; ȓȖȒȈ-ȕȈȚȝȍ - ȊȓȈȌȣȒȍ Ȋșȍȝ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ; ȒțȘȊȈȕȚȐ - ȊȣȏȣȊȈȦȚ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȈȚȔȈȒȈȔ - ȗȖȓȕȈȧ; ȈȚȔȈ - Ȍțȝ; ȉȝȈȊȈȔ - ȥȒșȚȈȏ; ȕȈ - ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ; ȑȈȚȘȈ - Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ; ȉȝțȑȈȝ - ȊȕȖȊȤ; ȗȈȘȐȊȈȘȚȈȝ - ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȍ; țȋȘȈȝ - țȎȈșȕȖȍ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȖȚ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ țșȗȍȝȈ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ, ȐȉȖ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȖȉțȎȌȈȦȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȥȒșȚȈȚȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȓȦȉȖȊȤ Ȓ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǪȓȈȌȣȒȍ Ȋșȍȝ Ȋșȍȓȍȕȕȣȝ, Ȑ ȕȈȌȍȎȕȖ ȖȋȘȈȎȌȈȦȚ ȖȚ țȎȈșȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȍȊȖȏȕȖșȐȚ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȝ ȀȈțȕȈȒȖȑ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȥȚȐ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ ȗȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ. DzȈȒ țȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ, ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ Ȋ ȏȕȈȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ, ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȔ Ȏȍ ȥȚȖ ȕȍȌȖșȚțȗȕȖ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ. dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȍșȚȤ ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȣ. ǯȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȧ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȍ Ȑ ȓȖȒȈȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȑ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȍ (ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ). ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȓ ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȓ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, șȈȔȖ șȖȉȖȑ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ǵȍȔ, ǭȋȖ ȔȕȖȋȖȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȝ Ȑ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȧȝ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȌȖșȚȐȋȓȐ ȗȖȓȕȖȋȖ țșȗȍȝȈ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȓ șȍȉȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȏȈȡȐȡȍȕ ȖȚ șȚȘȈȠȕȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȦȡȐȝșȧ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȑ Ȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 40 ȐȌȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ ȕȈȔȈ ȗțȘȈȕȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-șȈȔȔȐȚȈȔ țȚȚȈȔȈ-ȠȓȖȒȈ-ȟȈȘȐȚȈȔ ȟȈȒȈȘȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȘȐȠȐȝ ȕȐȝȠȘȍȑȈșȈȑȈ ȓȖȒȈșȑȈ ȌȝȈȕȑȈȔ șȊȈșȚȑ-ȈȑȈȕȈȔ ȔȈȝȈȚ ȐȌȈȔ - ȥȚȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ - ȒȕȐȋȈ, ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȦȡȈȧ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȕȈȔȈ - ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ; ȗțȘȈȕȈȔ - ȌȖȗȖȓȕȧȦȡȈȧ ǪȍȌȣ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-șȈȔȔȐȚȈȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ; țȚȚȈȔȈ-ȠȓȖȒȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȟȈȘȐȚȈȔ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧȝ; ȟȈȒȈȘȈ - șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȘȐȠȐȝ - ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ; ȕȐȝȠȘȍȑȈșȈȑȈ - ȘȈȌȐ ȕȈȐȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȉȓȈȋȈ; ȓȖȒȈșȑȈ - Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȌȝȈȕȑȈȔ - ȗȘȐȊȖȌȧȡȈȧ Ȓ ȗȖȓȕȖȔț țșȗȍȝț; șȊȈșȚȐ-ȈȑȈȕȈȔ - ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȈȧ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ; ȔȈȝȈȚ - ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȈȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ȅȚȖȚ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȕȣȔ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǩȖȋȈ. Ƕȕ șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕ ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ, ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǩȖȋȈ. ǭȋȖ ȞȍȓȤ - ȕȍșȚȐ ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȊșȍȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ. Ƕȕ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȍȕ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ țȌȈȟț Ȑ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț ȕȈȏȊȈȓ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȣȔ ȏȊțȒȖȊȣȔ ȊȣȘȈȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ. Ƕȕ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚ ȐȏȉȘȈȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȖȉȡȈȊȠȐȝșȧ ș dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȍȕ ȖȚ ǵȍȋȖ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕțȎȕȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ș ȚȍȔ Ȏȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ǹȈȔȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǪȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȑ 136


137 ȚȍȘȗȍȓȐȊȖ ȐȏțȟȈȧ ȍȋȖ, Ȕȣ ȔȖȎȍȔ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǩȖȋ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕ șȊȍȚȈ, ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȚȈȒȖȊ Ȏȍ Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǿȚȍȕȐȍ Ȋșȓțȝ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȈȚȤ ȕȈȔ ȊȍșȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ șȊȍȚ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȗȘȐ ȚȖȔ țșȓȖȊȐȐ, ȟȚȖ Ȕȣ ȉțȌȍȔ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȗȘȖȏȘȈȟȕțȦ șȘȍȌț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǹȊȈȘțȗȈ ǬȈȔȖȌȈȘȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȓȐȟȕȣȑ șȍȒȘȍȚȈȘȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ, șȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȓ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȋ ǷțȘȐ, ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȖȚ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ. dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ - ȥȚȖ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȑ șȍȉȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ, Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ș ȍȋȖ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ țȘȖȒȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȎȍȓȈȍȔȖȋȖ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȈ. ǰȏțȟȍȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȓȐȟȕȖȍ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ. Ƕȕ ȕȍșȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȍ Ȋșȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȖȚ ȓȐȟȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ș ǵȐȔ ǹȈȔȐȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 41 ȚȈȌ ȐȌȈȔ ȋȘȈȝȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ șțȚȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȊȈȚȈȔ ȊȈȘȈȔ șȈȘȊȈ-ȊȍȌȍȚȐȝȈșȈȕȈȔ șȈȘȈȔ șȈȘȈȔ șȈȔțȌȌȝȘȐȚȈȔ ȚȈȚ - ȚȖ; ȐȌȈȔ - ȥȚȖ; ȋȘȈȝȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ - ȗȖȉțȌȐȓ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ; șțȚȈȔ - șȊȖȍȔț șȣȕț; ȈȚȔȈȊȈȚȈȔ - șȘȍȌȐ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȝ șȍȉȧ; ȊȈȘȈȔ - șȈȔȖȔț ȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȔȖȔț; șȈȘȊȈ - Ȋșȍȝ; ȊȍȌȈ - ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ (ȒȕȐȋ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ); ȐȚȐȝȈșȈȕȈȔ - Ȋșȍȝ ȓȍȚȖȗȐșȍȑ; șȈȘȈȔ șȓȐȊȒȐ; șȈȘȈȔ - șȓȐȊȒȐ; șȈȔțȌȌȝȘȐȚȈȔ - ȐȏȊȓȍȒ. ǹȕȧȊ «șȓȐȊȒȐ» Ȋșȍȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ȓȍȚȖȗȐșȍȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» șȊȖȍȔț șȣȕț, șȈȔȖȔț ȊȣșȖȒȖȟȚȐȔȖȔț șȘȍȌȐ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȝ șȍȉȧ ȌțȠ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǭȓȧ ȕȍșȊȍȌțȡȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȔȐȘȖȊȈȧ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕ ǩțȌȌȣ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ș 600 ȋ. ȌȖ ȕ.ȥ., Ȉ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȔȣȍ Ȋ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȌȘȍȊȕȍȔ ȗȍȘȐȖȌȍ ȖȕȐ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȊȣȔȣșȓȖȔ. Ǫ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȚȈȒ. Ǫșȍ șȖȉȣȚȐȧ, Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȋ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ, «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȍ» Ȑ Ț.Ȍ., ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȓȐ ȓȐȉȖ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȑ, ȓȐȉȖ ȕȈ ȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȈȝ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ ȌȈȕȕȖȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ șȖȉȣȚȐȑ, ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȊȠȐȝ ȕȈ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ, ȒȈȎțȚșȧ ȥȚȐȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȕȍȗȘȈȊȌȖȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȔȐ. ǵȖ ȐȔ ȕȍȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȦȚșȧ ȌȘțȋ ȖȚ ȌȘțȋȈ ȊȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȜȈȒȚȣ, ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȐȍșȧ Ȓ ȌȘțȋȐȔ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȔ, ȕȍ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȚ ȕȈȠȍȔț ȖȗȣȚț ȕȈ ȥȚȖȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȍ. ǷȘȐȕȧȊ ȊȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȘȈȏȕȐȞț Ȋ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȔȖȔ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȔȐ, Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȑ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈ, Ȕȣ ȗȖȑȔȍȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧȝ, ȖȗȐșȈȕȕȣȝ Ȋ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ, ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ, Ȑ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȕȍȔ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ Ȑȝ ȊȣȔȣșȓȖȔ. Ǵȣ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ ȈȜȖȘȐȏȔ: ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȐȡȍȑ Ȍȓȧ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ, Ȍȓȧ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ - ȧȌ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȚȤ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ Ȑ ȥȗȐȏȖȌȣ, ȗȘȐȊȖȌȐȔȣȍ Ȋ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ, șȟȐȚȈȧ Ȑȝ ȊȣȔȣșȓȖȔ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȘȐȠȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȔ ǪȑȈșȍ, ȕȍȏȈȟȍȔ ȉȣȓȖ ȊȒȓȦȟȈȚȤ Ȋ șȊȖȐ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȊȣȔȣȠȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ. Ǫ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȐȊȖȌȧȚșȧ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ șȖȉȣȚȐȑ, ȖȚȖȉȘȈȕȕȣȍ Ȑȏ ȓȍȚȖȗȐșȍȑ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋșȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȣ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȦȚ ȍȋȖ ǴȈȝȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȖȑ. ǶșȖȉȈȧ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȥȚȐȝ ȐșȚȖȘȐȑ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ șȊȧȏȈȕȣ ș ȌȍȧȕȐȧȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔȐ ǰȔ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȑ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ țșȓȖȊȐȧȝ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ 137


138 ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ - ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȑ șȘȍȌȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȝ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȌțȠ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȒȈȒ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȧ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ, Ȑ, țȟȐȚȣȊȈȧ ȖȋȘȖȔȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȕȖȋȖ Ȋ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», Ȗȕ Ȋ ȗȍȘȊțȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ ȥȚȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ șȊȖȍȔț ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț șȣȕț, ȀȘȐȓȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǪȍȌȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȈ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ș ȔȖȓȖȟȕȣȔ ȖȒȍȈȕȖȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ, Ȉ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - șȖ șȓȐȊȒȈȔȐ. ǹȓȐȊȒȐ ȐȓȐ ȔȈșȓȖ - ȥȚȖ șȈȔȈȧ ȊȒțșȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ ȔȖȓȖȒȈ. ǺȈȒȖȊ Ȑ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȐȉȖ Ȗȕ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȍ, țȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ Ȑ ȗȖțȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǩȍșȗȖȓȍȏȕȖ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ, ȊȣșȓțȠȐȊȈȚȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȖȚ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȕȈșȚȘȖȍȕȕȣȝ șȒȍȗȚȐȟȍșȒȐ, ȈȚȍȐșȚȖȊ Ȑ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȟȚȍȞȖȊ, ȕȈȎȐȊȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȕȈ ȗȘȖȌȈȎȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȖȉȣȊȈȚȍȓȧȔ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȕȖ ȀȘȐȓȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȉ Ȗȕ ȕȐȒȈȒ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȟȈșȚȍȕ Ȓ ȉȐȏȕȍșț ȕȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǻ ȕȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ șȍȔȤȐ, Ȑ ȍȔț ȕȐȒȖȋȖ ȕȍ ȕțȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȘȍȔȍșȓȖȔ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȖȚ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊȍȌȍȚ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ ȕȍ ȖȚȧȋȖȡȍȕ șȍȔȍȑȕȣȔȐ ȏȈȉȖȚȈȔȐ. ǴȖȓȖȒȖ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȗȖȓȍȏȕȖ Ȑ ȗȐȚȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȕȖ ȍșȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȗȘȖȉțȍȚ ȏȔȍȧ, ȚȖ ȖȕȖ țȚȘȈȟȐȊȈȍȚ șȊȖȐ șȊȖȑșȚȊȈ. ǩȖȓȍȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȖȕȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ. ǺȈȒ Ȑ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȍȚ șȚȘȖȋȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȊ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ, ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȕȈȎȐȊȈȚȤșȧ ȕȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», șȚȈȕȖȊȧșȤ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȈ șȊȖȐȝ șȓțȠȈȚȍȓȍȑ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», ȟȚȖ ȞȍȓȤ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȧ Ȋșȍȝ ǪȍȌ - ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕț). Ǩ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȧȊȐȊȠȐȑșȧ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȏȈȗȐșȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - șȓȐȊȒȐ Ȋșȍȝ ǪȍȌ. Ƕȕ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ Ȋșȍȝ șȖȉȣȚȐȑ, ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȊȠȐȝ Ȋ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȥȗȖȝȐ Ȑ șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȝ șȖ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȖȑ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȜȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȒȊȐȕȚȥșșȍȕȞȐȍȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 42 șȈ Țț șȈȔȠȘȈȊȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȔȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈȔ ȗȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈȔ ȗȘȈȑȖȗȈȊȐȠȚȈȔ ȋȈȕȋȈȑȈȔ ȗȈȘȐȚȈȔ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȘȠȐȉȝȐȝ șȈȝ - șȣȕ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ; Țț - Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ; șȈȔȠȘȈȊȈȑȈȔ - ȌȈȓ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȘȈȌȎȈȔ - ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘț; ȗȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈȔ - ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ; ȗȘȈȑȈțȗȈȊȐȠȚȈȔ - ȖȎȐȌȈȊȠȍȔț șȔȍȘȚȐ ȉȍȏ ȗȐȡȐ Ȑ ȊȖȌȣ; ȋȈȕȋȈȑȈȔ - ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǫȈȕȋȐ; ȗȈȘȐȚȈȔ - ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȕȣȑ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈ-ȘȐȠȐȉȝȐȝ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, șȣȕ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘț ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚț, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ Ȋ ȖȎȐȌȈȕȐȐ șȔȍȘȚȐ șȐȌȍȓ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǫȈȕȋȐ Ȋ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȧ ȕȐ ȗȐȡȐ, ȕȐ ȊȖȌȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ ȊȖșȗȘȐȧȚȐȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȑ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȐȍ Ȑȝ ȗȖ ȞȍȗȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȈȘȈȔȗȈȘȖȑ. ǭșȓȐ Ȏȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȐȓȐ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȣ ȕȍ ȗȖ ȗȈȘȈȔȗȈȘȍ, ȗȘȖȞȍșș ȗȍȘȍȌȈȟȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȕȍȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȔ. ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ ȥȚȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȉ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȖȚ ǹțȚȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȐȓȐ ȍȋȖ 138


139 ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȖȚ ȚȖȓȒȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȐȝ Ȓ ȕȍȔț ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ. ǰȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ ȊȖȊȘȍȔȧ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȐȏȊȍșȚȐȍ Ȗ ȋȘȧȌțȡȍȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ Ȑ, ȕȍȔȍȌȓȍȕȕȖ ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ Ȑ șȍȔȤȦ, țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋ ǫȈȕȋȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȚȐȚȤșȧ ȌȖ șȈȔȖȑ șȔȍȘȚȐ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȚțȌȈ ȗȘȐȠȓȐ Ȋșȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, ȘȐȠȐ, ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȣ, ȔȐșȚȐȒȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ. ǶȕȐ ȊȣȌȊȐȋȈȓȐ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ, ȕȖ ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ ȉȣȓȖ ȘȍȠȍȕȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉțȌȍȚ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ DzȘȐȠȕȍ ȖȚ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǺȈȒ ȍȔț ȉȣȓ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ȀȘȐȗȈȌȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȈ, ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȖȊȈȊȠȐȑ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ ȔȈȑȈȊȈȌȣ Ȑ ȌȍȓȈȊȠȐȑ ȖșȕȖȊȕȖȑ ȈȒȞȍȕȚ ȕȈ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȔ ȈșȗȍȒȚȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȈ, ȚȈȒȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȕȈȑȚȐ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ ț ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȐȉȖ șȗȖȘȣ Ȗȉ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȑ ȗȖȓȤȏȣ. ȀȘȐȗȈȌȈ ȀȈȕȒȈȘȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȒȖșȊȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖ, ȟȍȔț Ȗȕ țȟȐȓ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȞȊȍȚȐșȚȣȝ ȋȘȈȔȔȈȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȐȕȚȍȘȗȘȍȚȈȞȐȧȝ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȣ», ȕȍ ȗȖȔȖȎȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț Ȋ ȔȖȔȍȕȚ șȔȍȘȚȐ. Ǫ ȒȘȐȚȐȟȍșȒȐȑ ȟȈș șȔȍȘȚȐ ȕțȎȕȖ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ ȐȔȧ ǫȖȊȐȕȌȣ. ȅȚȖ șȖȊȍȚțȦȚ Ȋșȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȌȈȊȕȣȔ-ȌȈȊȕȖ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈșȐȓ ȥȚț ȐșȚȐȕț: Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ Ȗ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȍ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șțȚȤ Ȋșȍȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. Ǫ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȥȚȖȑ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ ȐșȚȐȕȖȑ, ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȊȠȐȑ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», Ȉ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ ȊȣșȓțȠȈȓ ȍȋȖ, Ȑ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȐȠȓȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȖȕȐ ȖȉȈ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȓȐșȤ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȖȌȕȖȔț Ȑ ȚȖȔț Ȏȍ șȘȍȌșȚȊț - ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȦ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 43 ȒȘȐȠȕȍ șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȔȖȗȈȋȈȚȍ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȌȎȕȈȕȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ șȈȝȈ ȒȈȓȈț ȕȈȠȚȈ-ȌȘȐȠȈȔ ȥȠȈ ȗțȘȈȕȈȘȒȖ 'ȌȝțȕȖȌȐȚȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȍ - DzȘȐȠȕȣ; șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȔȈ - Ȋ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ; țȗȈȋȈȚȍ - ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ - ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈ - ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ - ȊȔȍșȚȍ; șȈȝȈ - ș; ȒȈȓȈț - Ȋ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋȍ; ȕȈȠȚȈȌȘȐȠȈȔ - ȓȦȌȍȑ, țȚȘȈȚȐȊȠȐȝ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍ; ȥȠȈȝ - Ȋșȍȝ Țȍȝ; ȗțȘȈȕȈ-ȈȘȒȈȝ - ȗțȘȈȕȈ, șȐȧȦȡȈȧ șȓȖȊȕȖ șȖȓȕȞȍ; ȈȌȝțȕȈ - ȚȍȗȍȘȤ; țȌȐȚȈȝ - ȊȏȖȠȓȈ. ȅȚȈ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȈ» șȐȧȍȚ, șȓȖȊȕȖ șȖȓȕȞȍ. ǶȕȈ ȊȏȖȠȓȈ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȗȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, șȖȗȘȖȊȖȎȌȈȍȔȣȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȍȑ, ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ., țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ Ȋ ǹȊȖȦ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ. ȅȚȈ ǷțȘȈȕȈ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȚ șȊȍȚ ȓȦȌȧȔ, țȚȘȈȚȐȊȠȐȔ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ Ȋ ȕȍȗȘȖȋȓȧȌȕȖȑ ȚȤȔȍ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǻ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȍșȚȤ ȊȍȟȕȈȧ ȌȝȈȔȈ, ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ, ȋȌȍ Ƕȕ ȊȍȟȕȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȍȚșȧ șȖ ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȊȍȟȕȣȔȐ șȗțȚȕȐȒȈȔȐ Ȑ ȈȚȘȐȉțȚȈȔȐ. ȅȚȈ ȊȍȟȕȈȧ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǭȋȖ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, Ȋ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȍ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ ǭȋȖ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǵȐșȝȖȌȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ, Ƕȕ ȧȊȓȧȍȚ ǹȍȉȧ Ȑ ǹȊȖȍ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȈȚȔȈ-ȔȈȑȈ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ (ȈȚȔȈ-ȔȈȑȐ). ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ǭȋȖ ȜȖȘȔȈ, ȐȔȧ, șȓȈȊȈ, ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍ, ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ Ȑ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș ǵȐȔ, ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. 139


140 Ƕȕ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȏȊȈȚȤ Ȓ ǹȍȉȍ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ Ȑ ȊȖșșȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤ ȏȈȒȖȕȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ, țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ǰȔ ǹȈȔȐȔ. ǵȐȒȚȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ țșȚȈȕȈȊȓȐȊȈȚȤ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǯȈȒȖȕȣ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȌȈȕȣ ǹȈȔȐȔ ǩȖȋȖȔ ȐȓȐ țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȖȑ ǰȔ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǰșȚȐȕȕȈȧ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȕȈȠȐ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ș ǵȐȔ Ȑ ȕȈȠȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș ǵȐȔ Ȑ, Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ țȏȕȈȚȤ, ȒțȌȈ Ȕȣ ȗȖȗȈȌȍȔ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȖȒȐȕȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ. ǶȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȌțȠȈȔ, ȗȖȗȈȊȠȐȔ Ȋ ȓȖȊțȠȒț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȍȌȊȈ ȓȐ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȣ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǩȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔ, ȏȈȕȧȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȍșȚ, șȗȐȚ, șȖȊȖȒțȗȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȑ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȍȚșȧ. ǷȘȐȒȘȣȊȈȧșȤ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȗȖȐșȒȈȔȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȐȓȐ șȗȈșȍȕȐȧ, ȖȕȐ, ȜȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ ȟțȊșȚȊ. Ǫ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț, ȊȍȒ ȘȈȏȌȖȘȖȊ, ȖȕȐ ȍȡȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȖșȓȍȗȓȐ. dzȦȌȐ DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ - ȘȈȜȐȕȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȍ. ǶȕȐ ȉȍșȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ ȌȈȓȍȒȐ ȖȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȋ ǩȖȋȍ. ǶȕȐ ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȓȍȗȣ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ Ȋȕȍ ȒȖȔȗȍȚȍȕȞȐȐ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ țȔȈ, ȘȈȏțȔȈ Ȑ ȥȋȖ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȋȖȘȌȧȚșȧ ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȖȔ șȊȖȍȑ ȕȈțȒȐ, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȉȓȈȋȖșȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍȔ Ȑ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ. ǶȕȐ țȗțșȚȐȓȐ Ȑȏ ȊȐȌț ȊȣșȠțȦ ȞȍȓȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ, ȗȖȒȐȕțȊ șȊȖȍ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȍ ȚȍȓȖ, ȘȐșȒțȦȚ șȚȈȚȤ șȖȉȈȒȖȑ ȐȓȐ șȊȐȕȤȍȑ. ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȐȠȍȓ șȦȌȈ ȕȍȏȈȌȖȓȋȖ ȌȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ, Ȑ ȜȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ Ȋ șȈȔȖȔ ȍȍ ȕȈȟȈȓȍ Ƕȕ ȊȍȘȕțȓșȧ Ȋ ǹȊȖȦ ȊȍȟȕțȦ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȕȐȧ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȍ Ȋ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ƕȕ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓ Ȋșȍ Ȑ, Ȋ ȟȈșȚȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌȋȐȚț», Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȐșȒȖȘȍȕȐȓ ȗȖȒȈȏȕțȦ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖșȚȤ. ǷȍȘȍȌ țȝȖȌȖȔ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ Ƕȕ ȟȍȘȍȏ ǵȈȘȈȌț țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȐȓ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊț șȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», Ȑ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȈ» Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȜȈȒȍȓȈȔ, ȖșȊȍȡȈȦȚ ȗțȚȤ ȕȍȏȘȧȟȐȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ. ǰȕȣȔȐ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ, ȍșȓȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ ȝȖȚȧȚ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ șȊȍȚ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȖȕȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ ȓȐȠȤ Ȓ ȥȚȐȔ ȌȊțȔ ȒȕȐȋȈȔ, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȐ șȔȖȋțȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȞȍȓȐ șȊȖȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȐȏȓȈȋȈȍȚșȧ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȐȏțȟȐȚȤ, ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȟȍȔ ȗȘȐșȚțȗȐȚȤ Ȓ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȦ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». Ǩ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ șțȔȔțȔ ȉȖȕțȔ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȒȈȒ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ Ȑ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕț. ǶȕȐ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ ȌȘțȋ ȌȘțȋț. ǺǭDzǹǺ44 ȚȈȚȘȈ ȒȐȘȚȈȑȈȚȖ ȊȐȗȘȈ ȊȐȗȘȈȘȠȍȘ ȉȝțȘȐ-ȚȍȌȎȈșȈȝ ȈȝȈȔ ȟȈȌȝȑȈȋȈȔȈȔ ȚȈȚȘȈ ȕȐȊȐȠȚȈș ȚȈȌ-ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȈȚ șȖ 'ȝȈȔ ȊȈȝ ȠȘȈȊȈȑȐȠȑȈȔȐ ȑȈȚȝȈȌȝȐȚȈȔ ȑȈȚȝȈ-ȔȈȚȐ ȚȈȚȘȈ - ȚȈȔ; ȒȐȘȚȈȑȈȚȈȝ - ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȧ; ȊȐȗȘȈȝ - Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ; ȊȐȗȘȈ-ȘȐȠȍȝ - ȖȚ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ-ȘȐȠȐ; ȉȝțȘȐ - ȖȟȍȕȤ; ȚȍȌȎȈșȈȝ - ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ; ȈȝȈȔ - ȧ; ȟȈ - ȚȖȎȍ; ȈȌȝȑȈȋȈȔȈȔ - șȔȖȋ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ; ȚȈȚȘȈ - Ȋ ȚȖȔ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȐ; ȕȐȊȐȠȚȈȝ - ș ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍȔ; ȚȈȚȈȕțȋȘȈȝȈȚ - ȍȋȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ; șȈȝ - ȚȖ Ȏȍ șȈȔȖȍ; ȈȝȈȔ - ȧ; ȊȈȝ - ȊȈȔ; ȠȘȈȊȈȑȐȠȑȈȔȐ - ȌȈȔ ȊȈȔ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ; ȑȈȚȝȈ-ȈȌȝȐȚȈȔ ȑȈȚȝȈ-ȔȈȚȐ - Ȋ ȔȍȘț ȔȖȍȋȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ. Ƕ țȟȍȕȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȌȍȒȓȈȔȐȘȖȊȈȓ ȚȈȔ 140


141 «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» [Ȋ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȐ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ], ȧ șȓțȠȈȓ ȍȋȖ ș ȕȍȖșȓȈȉȕȣȔ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍȔ, Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ Ȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ȧ ȗȖșȚȐȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺȍȗȍȘȤ ȧ ȗȖșȚȈȘȈȦșȤ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȚȤ ȊȈȔ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȧ țșȓȣȠȈȓ, ȚȈȒ, ȒȈȒ ȧ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȕȧȓ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȍ ȗȖȌȓȍȎȐȚ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȦ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕț ȕȈ șȚȘȈȕȐȞȈȝ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ țșȓȣȠȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ, ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȍȑ șȍȉȧ ȌțȠȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȑ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǵȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȖȚ ȕȈȍȔȕȖȋȖ ȓȐȞȍȔȍȘȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ ȏȈȘȈȉȖȚȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȟȚȍȕȐȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ ȗȖȚȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȥȚȐ ȌȍȕȤȋȐ ȕȈ șȍȒșțȈȓȤȕȣȍ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ, ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȡȈȍȚșȧ ș ȓȦȌȤȔȐ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȡȐȔȐșȧ șȍȒșȖȔ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ ȚȈȑȕȈ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǵȍȓȤȏȧ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȑ Ȋ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȐȕȚȍȘȗȘȍȚȐȘțȍȚ ȍȋȖ ȚȍȒșȚ, ȖȗȐȘȈȧșȤ ȕȈ șȊȖȦ ȔȐȘșȒțȦ țȟȍȕȖșȚȤ. ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȝȖȟȍȚ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȕȈ șȚȘȈȕȐȞȈȝ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕț, Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȖȚ ȒȖȋȖ-ȓȐȉȖ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ. ǺȈȒȖȊ ȗțȚȤ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», Ȑ ȐȕȖȋȖ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ. ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ - ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȤ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȚȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ, ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȕȖȍ ȐȔ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ țȟȍȕȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȚȈȒȐȔ, ȒȈȒȐȔ țșȓȣȠȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ, Ȑ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȚȖȎȍ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȍȚ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȊȐȌȍ, Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȔ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ șȓțȠȈȕȐȧ ȍȡȍ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ. ǵȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ țșȓȣȠȈȕȕȖȍ. ǹȓȖȊȖ ȕȐȊȐȠȚȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȊȗȐȚȣȊȈȓ ȕȍȒȚȈȘ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» țȠȈȔȐ. ȅȚȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȊȍȘȕȣȑ șȗȖșȖȉ ȊȖșȗȘȐȧȚȐȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǵțȎȕȖ ș ȕȍȖșȓȈȉȕȣȔ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍȔ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȐȚ ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ ȖȡțȚȐȚȤ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȕȈ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ ȍȋȖ șȚȘȈȕȐȞȍ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȘȈșȒȘȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șȍȒȘȍȚ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǵȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȖ șȓțȠȈȚȤ, ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȧ ȟȐșȚȣȔ țȔȖȔ. ǻȔ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ț ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȟȐșȚ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȈȝ. Ǩ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȍȚ ȟȐșȚȖȚȣ Ȋ ȍȌȍ, șȕȍ, șȈȔȖȏȈȡȐȚȍ Ȑ șȍȒșȍ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȟȐșȚȣȔ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȈȝ. ǵȖ ȚȈȒ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȈȟȍ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ș ȕȍȖșȓȈȉȕȣȔ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍȔ șȓțȠȈȍȚ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȝ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȖȊ, Ȗȕ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, șȔȖȎȍȚ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕț ȕȈ șȚȘȈȕȐȞȈȝ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȚȘȍȚȤȍȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǷȍȘȊȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «DzȘȐȠȕȈ - ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ».

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Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɱɟɬɜɟɪɬɚɹ. əɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɒɪɢ ɇɚɪɚɞɵ ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 ȊȑȈșȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȐȚȐ ȉȘțȊȈȕȈȔ șȈȔșȚțȑȈ ȔțȕȐȕȈȔ ȌȐȘȋȝȈ-șȈȚȘȐȕȈȔ ȊȘȐȌȌȝȈȝ ȒțȓȈ-ȗȈȚȐȝ șțȚȈȔ ȉȈȝȊȘȐȟȈȝ ȠȈțȕȈȒȖ 'ȉȘȈȊȐȚ ȊȑȈșȈȝ - ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ; țȊȈȟȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȐȚȐ - ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȉȘțȊȈȕȈȔ - ȋȖȊȖȘȧ; șȈȔșȚțȑȈ - ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊțȧ; ȔțȕȐȕȈȔ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ; ȌȐȘȋȝȈ - ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ; șȈȚȘȐȕȈȔ - Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȕȧȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȐȍȔ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ; ȊȘȐȌȌȝȈȝ ȗȘȍȒȓȖȕȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȈ; ȒțȓȈ-ȗȈȚȐȝ - ȋȓȈȊȈ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȧ; șțȚȈȔ - Ȓ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ; ȉȈȝțȘȐȟȈȝ - ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ; ȠȈțȕȈȒȈȝ - ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȀȈțȕȈȒȈ; ȈȉȘȈȊȐȚ - ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ. ǪȣșȓțȠȈȊ ǹțȚț ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, șȚȈȘȠȐȑ ȗȖ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚț Ȑ țȟȍȕȣȑ ȀȈțȕȈȒȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȊȠȐȑ ȘȐȠȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓȐ ȥȚț ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕțȦ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȞȍȘȍȔȖȕȐȦ, ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȓ ȕȍȔț șȖ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊȐȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȖȋȌȈ șȖȉȐȘȈȦȚșȧ țȟȍȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȟȐȒȈ ȐȓȐ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȕȍȔț ȔȖȎȍȚ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ. ȅȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȖȎȐȓȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȋȓȈȊȈ ȌȖȔȈ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȚȤșȧ ȠȐȘȖȚȖȑ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȑ. ȀȘȐ ȀȈțȕȈȒȈ ǸȐȠȐ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ ȊșȍȔȐ ȥȚȐȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȗȖȌȕȧȓșȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȀȘȐ ǹțȚț ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȊȣȘȈȏȐȊȠȍȋȖ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȋ ȚȖȟȕȖșȚȐ ȚȈȒȐȔ, ȒȈȒȐȔ Ȗȕ țșȓȣȠȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ȒȈȒ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȕȧȓ. dzȐȟȕȖȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȕȍ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ Ȑȏ ȚȡȍșȓȈȊȐȧ ȗȣȚȈȍȚșȧ ȊȣșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȕȈȗȖȒȈȏ șȊȖȦ țȟȍȕȖșȚȤ, șȚȈȘȈȧșȤ ȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȍȋȖ ȈȟȈȘȤȦ. Ƕȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȌȖȊȍȘȧȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȍȔț ȈȟȈȘȤȍ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ șȈȔ Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȚȤ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȔȍȚȤ ȗȘȍȗȖȌȕȍșȚȐ țȟȍȕȐȍ ȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȒȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȣȔȐ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǷȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȏȈȔȣșȍȓ ȈȊȚȖȘȈ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ șȖȝȘȈȕȍȕ. ǵȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊȣȐșȒȐȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ȚȍȒșȚȍ ȚȈȑȕȣȑ șȔȣșȓ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȗȘȍȗȖȌȕȖșȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȕȈȌȖ ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȐȕȚȍȘȍșȖȊȈȚȤ șȓțȠȈȚȍȓȍȑ Ȑ ȌȈȚȤ ȐȔ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȍȋȖ. ȅȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȍȔ ȚȍȒșȚȈ. ȀȈțȕȈȒȍ, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȊȠȍȔț șȖȉȘȈȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȞȍȕȐȚȤ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȟȐȒȈ, ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ ȖȚ ȀȘȐ ǹțȚȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȑȈȚȝȈȌȝȐȚȈȔ Ȑ ȑȈȚȝȈ-ȔȈȚȐ, ȒȈȒ, ȖȝȊȈȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȥȒșȚȈȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȟțȊșȚȊȖȔ, Ȗȕ ȗȖȌȕȧȓșȧ șȖ șȓȖȊȈȔȐ ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊȐȧ, ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȕȣȔȐ Ȓ ȕȍȔț. ǻȟȍȕȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȈȟȈȘȤȐ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȕȈ ȥȚȖȔ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȐ, ȋȌȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȉȣȓ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕ ȊȖ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ ȘȈȏ, Ȑ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȟȐȒ, Ȑ șȓțȠȈȚȍȓȐ ȖȚȊȍȟȈȓȐ ȊșȍȔ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔ ȚȘȍȉȖȊȈȕȐȧȔ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȉȍȏ ȏȈȚȘțȌȕȍȕȐȑ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȞȍȓȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌțȍȚ ȟȚȍȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȚȤ ȥȚȐ țșȓȖȊȐȧ. Ǫ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȕȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȚȍȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȍșȓȍȌțȍȚ ȒȈȒȐȍ-ȚȖ ȗȖșȚȖȘȖȕȕȐȍ ȞȍȓȐ, ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȚ ȗȖȓȤȏȣ ȕȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȟȐȒț, ȕȐ șȓțȠȈȚȍȓȧȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2

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143 ȠȈțȕȈȒȈ țȊȈȟȈ șțȚȈ șțȚȈ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈ ȊȈȌȈ ȕȖ ȊȈȌȈȚȈȔ ȊȈȘȈ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐȔ ȗțȕȑȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȈȝȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȟȝțȒȈȝ ȠȈțȕȈȒȈȝ - ȀȈțȕȈȒȈ; țȊȈȟȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ; șțȚȈ șțȚȈ - Ȗ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈ șȈȔȣȑ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣȑ; ȊȈȌȈ - șȖȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȚȤ; ȕȈȝ - ȕȈȔ; ȊȈȌȈȚȈȔ - Ȑȏ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ; ȊȈȘȈ - țȊȈȎȈȍȔȣȑ; ȒȈȚȝȈȔ - ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐȔ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ»; ȗțȕȑȈȔ - ȉȓȈȋȖȍ; ȑȈȚ - ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ; ȈȝȈ - ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ; ȠțȒȈȝ - ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȀȈțȕȈȒȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ƕ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Țȣ șȈȔȣȑ țȌȈȟȓȐȊȣȑ Ȑ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȔȣȑ Ȑȏ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȍȘȍșȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ. ǩțȌȤ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊ, ȗȖȊȍȌȈȑ ȕȈȔ ȉȓȈȋțȦ ȊȍșȚȤ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȗȍȘȍȌȈȕȕțȦ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ Ȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȔ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǶȝȊȈȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȘȈȌȖșȚȤȦ ȀȈțȕȈȒȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȖȉȘȈȡȈȧșȤ Ȓ ǹțȚȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȌȊȈȎȌȣ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȍȚ ȍȋȖ ȐȔȧ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ Ȑ Ȋșȍ șȖȉȘȈȊȠȐȍșȧ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ ȎȈȎȌȈȓȐ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍ ȝȖȚȍȓȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȍȋȖ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȓ ȖȉȔȈȕȡȐȒ, ȐȕȚȍȘȗȘȍȚȐȘțȦȡȐȑ ȍȋȖ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȒȖȘȣșȚȕȣȝ Ȟȍȓȧȝ. DzȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȌȍȒȓȈȔȐȘțȦȚ ȓȐȉȖ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȟȚȍȞȣ, ȓȐȉȖ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ-ȐȔȗȍȘșȖȕȈȓȐșȚȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȕȍȌȖșȚțȗȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȖȉȖșȕȖȊȈȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȊȏȋȓȧȌȣ ȊȣșȒȈȏȣȊȈȕȐȧȔȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȚȈȒȐȍ ȐȔȗȍȘșȖȕȈȓȐșȚȣ ȊȣȘȣȊȈȦȚ Ȑȝ Ȑȏ ȒȖȕȚȍȒșȚȈ Ȑ ȐȏȊȘȈȡȈȦȚ Ȑȝ șȔȣșȓ, ȗȖȌȋȖȕȧȧ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȌ șȊȖȐ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ. ǷȘȖȜȍșșȐȖȕȈȓȤȕȣȍ Ȏȍ ȟȚȍȞȣ șȘȈȏț ȖȉȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ ǬȍșȧȚȖȑ ȗȍșȕȍ, ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȕȖ ȚȖȓȒțȧ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ șȈȔȣȝ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȐȋȘ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵȐ Țȍ, ȕȐ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣ ȌȍȒȓȈȔȐȘȖȊȈȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȚȈȒ, ȒȈȒ ȍȋȖ ȌȈȓ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȑ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȋȖȚȖȊ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊț ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ, ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ țȟȈșȚȐȍ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȉȍșȍȌȈȝ Ȗ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȒȈșȔȐȕ ȑțȋȍ ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȍȑȈȔ șȚȝȈȕȍ ȊȈ ȒȍȕȈ ȝȍȚțȕȈ ȒțȚȈȝ șȈȕȟȖȌȐȚȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈȝ ȒȘȐȚȈȊȈȕ șȈȔȝȐȚȈȔ ȔțȕȐȝ ȒȈșȔȐȕ - Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȔ; ȑțȋȍ - ȊȍȒȍ; ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȈ - ȉȣȓȖ ȕȈȟȈȚȖ; ȐȑȈȔ - ȥȚȖ; șȚȝȈȕȍ - Ȋ ȔȍșȚȍ; ȊȈ - ȐȓȐ; ȒȍȕȈ - ȕȈ ȒȈȒȖȔ; ȝȍȚțȕȈ - ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȐȐ; ȒțȚȈȝ - ȖȚȒțȌȈ; șȈȕȟȖȌȐȚȈȝ ȊȌȖȝȕȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈȝ - DzȘȐȠȕȈ-ȌȊȈȐȗȈȑȈȕȈ ǪȑȈșȈ; ȒȘȐȚȈȊȈȕ - șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ; șȈȔȝȐȚȈȔ - ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȍ; ȔțȕȐȝ - țȟȍȕȣȑ. Ǫ ȒȈȒȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȑ Ȋ ȒȈȒȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ ȥȚȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȖșȤ Ȑ ȗȖȟȍȔț? ǶȚȒțȌȈ Ȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț ȔțȌȘȍȞț DzȘȐȠȕȍ-ȌȊȈȐȗȈȑȈȕȍ ǪȑȈșȍ ȗȘȐȠȓȖ ȊȌȖȝȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ, ȗȖȉțȌȐȊȠȍȍ ȍȋȖ șȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ ȖșȖȉȣȑ ȌȈȘ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, 143


144 ȗȖȥȚȖȔț șȊȍȌțȡȐȑ ȀȈțȕȈȒȈ ǴțȕȐ ȏȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȈȒ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȗȘȖșȖȊ. ǭȔț ȉȣȓȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ țȎȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ȚȍȒșȚ ǪȍȌ șȈȔȣȔȐ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ șȗȖșȖȉȈȔȐ, Ȋ ȚȖȔ ȟȐșȓȍ Ȑ Ȋ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȍ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȌȖșȚțȗȕȈ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȦ ȓȦȌȍȑ ș ȕȐȏȒȐȔ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚȖȔ: ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, ȠțȌȘ Ȑ ȗȈȌȠȐȝ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȑ șȍȔȍȑ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȍȕ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ ȥȚȐȔ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧȔ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȕȍȚ Ȑ ȚȍȕȐ ȔȐȘșȒȖȋȖ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ ȊȍșȤȔȈ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣ Ȑ țȔȍșȚȕȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȚȈșȑȈ ȗțȚȘȖ ȔȈȝȈ-ȑȖȋȐ șȈȔȈ-ȌȘȐȕ ȕȐȘȊȐȒȈȓȗȈȒȈȝ ȥȒȈȕȚȈ-ȔȈȚȐȘ țȕȕȐȌȘȖ ȋțȌȝȖ ȔțȌȝȈ ȐȊȍȑȈȚȍ ȚȈșȑȈ - ȍȋȖ; ȗțȚȘȈȝ - șȣȕ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȑȖȋȐ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ; șȈȔȈ-ȌȘȐȒ țȘȈȊȕȖȊȍȠȍȕȕȣȑ; ȕȐȘȊȐȒȈȓȗȈȒȈȝ - ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȣȑ ȔȖȕȐșȚ; ȥȒȈȕȚȈ-ȔȈȚȐȝ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȊȠȐȑșȧ Ȋ ȔȖȕȐȏȔȍ, Ț.ȍ. ș țȔȖȔ, țșȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȕȣȔ Ȓ ȍȌȐȕȖȔț; țȕȕȐȌȘȈȝ ȗȘȍȖȌȖȓȍȊȠȐȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ; ȋțȌȝȈȝ - ȕȍ ȘȈșȒȘȣȊȈȓ șȍȉȧ; ȔțȌȝȈȝ - ȕȍȌȖȘȈȏȊȐȚȣȑ; ȐȊȈ - ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ; ȐȑȈȚȍ - ȊȣȋȓȧȌȐȚ ȒȈȒ. ǭȋȖ [ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ] șȣȕ ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȔȖȕȐșȚȖȔ, ȟȍȑ țȔ ȉȣȓ țȘȈȊȕȖȊȍȠȍȕ Ȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕ ȕȈ ȍȌȐȕȖȔ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ Ȓ ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȓ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȑ ȗȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȕȈ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȉȣȓ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȉȣȓ ȕȈșȚȖȘȖȎȍ, ȉȖȧșȤ ȗȖȗȈșȚȤ Ȋ șȍȚȐ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ȅȚȈ ȉȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ». ǬȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȐ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȐ. ǶșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊțȍȚșȧ, ȐȌȧ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȍ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ șȕȖȔ. ǶȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȕȍ Ȋ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȤ șȍȉȍ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȐ. ǭșȓȐ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȉțȌȐȓȈșȤ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȚȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ țȎȍ ȏȈȕȧȚȈ ȍȦ. ǨȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȍ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ șȕȖȔ. ǴȖȎȍȚ șȖȏȌȈȚȤșȧ ȊȗȍȟȈȚȓȍȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȚȈ, Ȑ ȌȘțȋȈȧ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ Ȋ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ, ȕȖ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ Ȑȝ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȈ: ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȖȌȕȖȑ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȖ ȕȈ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȝ, Ȉ ȌȘțȋȖȑ - ȕȈ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ. ǶȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȍȑ, Ȉ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȈȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȉȍȏȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȈ Ȓ ȕȍȑ. ȅȚȖ ȉȍȏȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈȕțȑȈȕȚȈȔ ȘȐȠȐȔ ȈȚȔȈȌȎȈȔ Ȉȗȑ ȈȕȈȋȕȈȔ ȌȍȊȑȖ ȝȘȐȑȈ ȗȈȘȐȌȈȌȝțȘ ȕȈ șțȚȈșȑȈ ȟȐȚȘȈȔ ȚȈȌ ȊȐȒȠȑȈ ȗȘȐȟȟȝȈȚȐ ȔțȕȈț ȌȎȈȋȈȌțș ȚȈȊȈșȚȐ șȚȘȐ-ȗțȔ-ȉȝȐȌȈ ȕȈ Țț șțȚȈșȑȈ ȊȐȊȐȒȚȈ-ȌȘȐȠȚȍȝ ȌȘȐȠȚȊȈ - țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȈȕțȑȈȕȚȈȔ - șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȋȖ ȏȈ; ȘȐȠȐȔ - ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȌȎȈȔ 144


145 șȣȕȖȔ; ȈȗȐ - ȝȖȚȧ; ȈȕȈȋȕȈȔ - ȕȍ ȖȉȕȈȎȍȕȕȣȑ; ȌȍȊȑȈȝ - ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȍ ȌȍȊȣ; ȝȘȐȑȈ Ȑȏ șȚȣȌȓȐȊȖșȚȐ; ȗȈȘȐȌȈȌȝțȝ - ȗȘȐȒȘȣȓȐ ȚȍȓȖ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; șțȚȈșȑȈ - șȣȕ; ȟȐȚȘȈȔ ȗȖȘȈȎȍȕȕȣȑ; ȚȈȚ ȊȐȒȠȑȈ - țȊȐȌȍȊ ȥȚȖ; ȗȘȐȟȟȝȈȚȐ - șȗȘȖșȐȊȠȍȔț; ȔțȕȈț - ȔțȕȐ (ǪȑȈșȍ); ȌȎȈȋȈȌțȝ - ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓȐ; ȚȈȊȈ - Țȍȉȧ; ȈșȚȐ - ȍșȚȤ; șȚȘȐ-ȗțȔ - ȔțȎȟȐȕȈ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ; ȉȝȐȌȈ - ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȧ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; Țț - ȕȖ; șțȚȈșȑȈ - șȣȕȈ; ȊȐȊȐȒȚȈ ȖȟȐșȚȐȊȠȐȑșȧ; ȌȘȐȠȚȍȝ - ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȔȖȚȘȐȚ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȠȍȌȠȐȑ șȓȍȌȖȔ ȏȈ șȊȖȐȔ șȣȕȖȔ, ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȔȐȔȖ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȝ Ȧȕȣȝ ȌȍȊțȠȍȒ, ȒțȗȈȊȠȐȝșȧ ȖȉȕȈȎȍȕȕȣȔȐ, ȖȕȐ ȗȘȐȒȘȣȓȐ șȊȖȐ ȚȍȓȈ ȖȌȍȎȌȈȔȐ, ȝȖȚȧ șȈȔ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȕȈȋ. ǵȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȔȐȔȖ ȕȐȝ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȍȋȖ șȣȕ, ȖȕȐ ȕȍ șȌȍȓȈȓȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ. ǴțȌȘȍȞ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ Ȑȝ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚȤ, ȗȖȟȍȔț ȖȕȐ ȚȈȒ ȗȖșȚțȗȐȓȐ, ȕȈ ȟȚȖ ȌȍȊțȠȒȐ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȓȐ, ȟȚȖ ȍȋȖ șȣȕ ȟȐșȚ Ȑ, ȋȓȧȌȧ ȕȈ ȕȐȝ, ȕȍ ȊȐȌȐȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȑ ȔȍȎȌț ȔțȎȟȐȕȖȑ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȖȑ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȊȐȌȐȚ Ȑȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» (5.18) ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍȔ, ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖ șȔȖȚȘȐȚ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖȘȖȌȕȖȋȖ țȟȍȕȖȋȖ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȟȈȕȌȈȓț (șȖȉȈȒȖȍȌȈ), șȖȉȈȒț ȐȓȐ ȒȖȘȖȊț. ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȥȚȖȋȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȊȐȌȍȓ ȕȍ ȔțȎȟȐȕ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, Ȉ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȖȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ. DzțȗȈȦȡȐȍșȧ ȌȍȊțȠȒȐ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȈ țȔȍ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȕȈȉȓȦȌȈȧ ȏȈ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȍȔ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȚȖȔț, ȒȈȒ, ȋȓȧȌȧ ȕȈ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ Ȗȕ ȕȍȊȐȕȍȕ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȍ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ Ȋ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȉȣȓȖ țȎȍ ȠȍșȚȕȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȓȍȚ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȍȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ ȉȣȓȐ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȣ. DzȈȒ Ȑ ȌȍȊțȠȒȐ, Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȕȈȋ. ǵȖ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȉȣȓ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ Ȓ ȗȖȓȖȊȣȔ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȔ, Ȗȕ ȊȣȋȓȧȌȍȓ, ȒȈȒ ȕȍȊȐȕȕȖȍ ȌȐȚȧ. ǬȍȊțȠȒȐ, ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȊȖȐȔ ȖșȖȉȣȔ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȧȔ, șȘȈȏț ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȓȐ ȥȚȖ Ȑ ȕȍ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓȐ ȕȈ ȕȍȋȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ. ǵȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȔȐȔȖ ȕȐȝ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȖȚȍȞ, ȖȕȐ ȚȖȘȖȗȓȐȊȖ ȖȌȍȓȐșȤ. ȅȚȐ ȌȍȊțȠȒȐ ȋȖȌȐȓȐșȤ ȍȔț Ȋ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ ȐȓȐ ȊȖ ȊȕțȟȒȐ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȖȕȐ ȖȚȘȍȈȋȐȘȖȊȈȓȐ ȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȚȈȒ, ȒȈȒ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȖ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȐȋȘȈȓ ȘȖȓȤ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕȈ. ǬȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȘȈȏȕȐȞț ȔȍȎȌț ȔțȎȟȐȕȖȑ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȖȑ, ȐȕȈȟȍ Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕȖȔ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȕțȎȕȖ șȚȈȘȈȚȤșȧ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȘȈȏȕȐȞț ȔȍȎȌț ȌțȠȖȑ Ȑ ȚȍȓȖȔ, ȕȍ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȧ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ ȕȈ ȗȖȓ. ǬȖ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ ȗȖȒȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȊȐȌȐȚ ȥȚȐ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȧ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤșȧ șȈȕȕȤȧșȐ, ȒȈȒ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȝȖȚȧ ȉȣ ȚȍȖȘȍȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȉȣȚȤ țȉȍȎȌȍȕ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȐ ȔțȎȟȐȕȖȑ, ȕȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȖȑ. ȅȚȖ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȍ ȚȍȓȍșȕȖȍ ȖȌȍȧȕȐȍ șȖȏȌȈȕȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȟȤ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȗȖȓȖȎȕȣȑ ȗȖȓ Ȑ țȌȍȘȎȈȚȤ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ Ȋ șȍȚȧȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ. ǶșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȊȣȠȍ ȥȚȐȝ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȑ. ǶȕȈ ȕȍ ȊȐȌȐȚ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȣ ȔȍȎȌț ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǶȕȈ ȊȐȌȐȚ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȝ ȍȌȐȕȖȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȕȈȟȈȓȖ. ǹȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȔ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȧ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ, Ȑ ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȥȚȖȑ șȚțȗȍȕȐ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȍ, ȕȖ, ȒȈȒ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕ, Ȗȕ, ȗȖȌȟȐȕȧȧșȤ ȖȉȣȟȈȦ, ȕȍ ȗȘȍȚȍȕȌȖȊȈȓ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȍȋȖ șȟȐȚȈȓȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȠȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȈȓȈȒȠȐȚȈȝ ȗȈțȘȈȐȝ șȈȔȗȘȈȗȚȈȝ ȒțȘț-ȌȎȈȕȋȈȓȈȕ țȕȔȈȚȚȈ-ȔțȒȈ-ȌȎȈȌȈȊȈȌ ȊȐȟȈȘȈȕ ȋȈȌȎȈ-șȈȝȊȈȑȍ 145


146 ȒȈȚȝȈȔ - ȒȈȒ; ȈȓȈȒȠȐȚȈȝ - țȏȕȈȕ; ȗȈțȘȈȐȝ - ȎȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ; șȈȔȗȘȈȗȚȈȝ - ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȍȋȖ; ȒțȘț-ȌȎȈȕȋȈȓȈȕ - ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ DzțȘț-ȌȎȈȕȋȈȓȈ; țȕȔȈȚȚȈ - ȉȍȏțȔȕȣȑ; ȔțȒȈ - ȕȍȔȖȑ; ȌȎȈȌȈȊȈȚ - ȗȘȐȌțȘȒȖȊȈȚȣȑ; ȊȐȟȈȘȈȕ - șȒȐȚȈȧșȤ; ȋȈȌȎȈ-șȈȝȊȈȑȍ - ǽȈșȚȐȕȈȗțȘȈ. DzȈȒ țȏȕȈȓȐ ȍȋȖ [ȀȘȐȓț ȀțȒȈȌȍȊț, șȣȕȈ ǪȑȈșȣ] ȎȐȚȍȓȐ ǽȈșȚȐȕȈȗțȘȈ [șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȋȖ ǬȍȓȐ], ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȖșȓȍ șȚȘȈȕșȚȊȐȑ ȗȖ ȗȘȖȊȐȕȞȐȧȔ DzțȘț Ȑ ǬȎȈȕȋȈȓȈ Ȗȕ ȊȖȠȍȓ Ȋ Ȑȝ ȋȖȘȖȌ, ȊȣȋȓȧȌȧ ȒȈȒ ȕȍȔȖȑ ȉȍȏțȔȕȣȑ ȌțȘȈȟȖȒ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǸȈȕȤȠȍ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȐȑ ǬȍȓȐ Ȋ ȟȍșȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȖșȕȖȊȈȚȍȓȧ, ȞȈȘȧ ǽȈșȚȐ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȓșȧ ǽȈșȚȐȕȈȗțȘȖȔ. ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ, ȗȖȒȐȕțȊ ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȤșȒȐȑ ȌȖȔ, șȒȐȚȈȓșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȐȌȖȔ ȉȍȏțȔȞȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȋȖȘȖȎȈȕȈȔ ȉȣȓȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȘȈșȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕțȦ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ țȏȕȈȦȚ ȕȍ ȗȖ ȊȕȍȠȕȖșȚȐ, Ȉ ȗȖ ȍȋȖ ȘȍȟȈȔ. Dz șȈȌȝț (ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț ȔțȌȘȍȞț) ȕțȎȕȖ ȗȖȌȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȕȍ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȋȓȧȌȍȚȤ ȕȈ ȕȍȋȖ, Ȉ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȍȋȖ ȗȖșȓțȠȈȚȤ. ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ ȋȖȚȖȊ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ șȈȌȝț, ȊșȚȘȍȟȈ ș ȕȐȔ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȚ ȍȔț ȗȖȓȤȏȣ. ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȉȣȓ șȈȌȝț, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȔ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȗȖȚȈȒȈȓ ȗȘȐȝȖȚȧȔ ȖȉȣȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ. ǭȋȖ țȏȕȈȊȈȓȐ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȓ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȖ Ȗȕ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȓ ȜȖȒțșȣ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȌȍȓȈȦȚ ȔȈȋȐ. ǪȕȍȠȕȍ Ȗȕ ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȓ ȕȍȌȖȘȈȏȊȐȚȖȋȖ ȕȍȔȖȋȖ ȉȍȏțȔȞȈ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȉȣȓ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȍȑ ȊȣșȖ ȟȈȑȠȍȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȊȈ ȗȈȕȌȈȊȍȑȈșȑȈ ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȍȘ ȔțȕȐȕȈ șȈȝȈ șȈȔȊȈȌȈȝ șȈȔȈȉȝțȚ ȚȈȚȈ ȑȈȚȘȈȐȠȈ șȈȚȊȈȚȐ ȠȘțȚȐȝ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ - ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ; ȊȈ - ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȗȈȕȌȈȊȍȑȈșȑȈ - ȗȖȚȖȔȒȈ ǷȈȕȌț (ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ); ȘȈȌȎȈȘȠȍȝ - ȞȈȘȧ-ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ; ȔțȕȐȕȈ - ș ȔțȕȐ; șȈȝȈ - ș; șȈȔȊȈȌȈȝ - ȉȍșȍȌȈ; șȈȔȈȉȝțȚ - ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȓȈ; ȚȈȚȈ - Ȗ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȑ; ȑȈȚȘȈ - ȋȌȍ; ȥȠȈ - ȥȚȈ; șȈȚȊȈȚȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ; ȠȘțȚȐȝ - șțȡȕȖșȚȤ ǪȍȌ. DzȈȒ șȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ, ȟȚȖ ȞȈȘȤ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ, ȗȖȓțȟȐȊ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ Ȑȏ ȍȋȖ țșȚ ȊȍȓȐȒțȦ ȗȍșȕȤ, ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȦȡțȦ Ȋ șȍȉȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ șțȡȕȖșȚȤ ǪȍȌ [«ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ»]? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǯȌȍșȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȒȊȐȕȚȥșșȍȕȞȐȍȑ ǪȍȌ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȊȣȔȣȠȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȍȑ, ȒȈȒ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȕȍșȊȍȌțȡȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ. ǭȋȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȚȈȒȎȍ «ȀțȒȈ-șȈȔȝȐȚȖȑ», ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȋȐȔȕȖȔ, ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ȀȘȐ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȖȑ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 șȈ ȋȖ-ȌȖȝȈȕȈ-ȔȈȚȘȈȔ ȝȐ ȋȘȐȝȍȠț ȋȘȐȝȈ-ȔȍȌȝȐȕȈȔ ȈȊȍȒȠȈȚȍ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈș ȚȐȘȚȝȐ-ȒțȘȊȈȔș ȚȈȌ ȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ 146


147 șȈȝ - Ȗȕ (ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ); ȋȖ-ȌȖȝȈȕȈ-ȔȈȚȘȈȔ - ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȈ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȌȖȍȕȐȧ ȒȖȘȖȊȣ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȋȘȐȝȍȠț - Ȋ ȌȖȔȍ; ȋȘȐȝȈ-ȔȍȌȝȐȕȈȔ - ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȍȊ; ȈȊȍȒȠȈȚȍ ȖȎȐȌȈȍȚ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈȝ - șȈȔȣȑ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣȑ; ȚȐȘȚȝȐ - ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȟȍșȚȊȖ; ȒțȘȊȈȕ ȗȘȍȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȣȊȈȧ; ȚȈȚ ȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ - ȎȐȓȐȡȍ. ǶȉȣȟȕȖ Ȗȕ [ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ] ȏȈȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȓșȧ ț ȌȊȍȘȍȑ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȍȊ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȈ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȌȖȐȚȤ ȒȖȘȖȊț, Ȑ ȌȍȓȈȓ ȥȚȖ ȓȐȠȤ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ Ȑȝ ȎȐȓȐȡȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȓșȧ ș ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȖȔ Ȑ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ȍȔț «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǶȉȣȟȕȖ Ȗȕ ȏȈȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȓșȧ ț ȗȖȘȖȋȈ ȌȖȔȈ șȍȔȍȑȕȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȟȍȔ ȕȈ ȗȖȓȟȈșȈ (Ȋ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȌȖȧȚ ȒȖȘȖȊ), ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȔȐȓȖșȚȣȕȦ ȖȚ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȍȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȊȣȗȈȌȈȓȈ ȚȈȒȈȧ țȌȈȟȈ. Ƕȕ ȌȍȓȈȓ ȥȚȖ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ Ȑȝ ȌȖȔ șȊȖȐȔ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍȔ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȒȖȔ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȔșȧ ȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ țȘȖȊȕȍ. ǺȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȔȐȘȈ Ȑ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȓ șȊȖȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȐ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ, șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȕȈ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȍȊȈȔ ȕțȎȕȖ ȗȘȖșȊȍȡȈȚȤ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȕȈțȒȍ, ȕȖ ȗȖȔȐȔȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ ȌȘțȋȐȝ Ȍȍȓ ș ȕȐȔȐ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȕȍ șȚȖȐȚ. ǷȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȖȚ ȕȐȝ ȔȐȓȖșȚȣȕȦ ȕțȎȕȖ ȓȐȠȤ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ Ȑȝ ȌȖȔ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȖȚȘȍȒșȧ ȖȚ ȔȐȘȈ, ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȖȉȓȈȏȕȧȚȤșȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖȔ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȍ ȗȖȗȈșȚȤ Ȋ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȤ ȖȚ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. Ǭȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȊȍȌȍȚ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȥȚȖ ȕȈȔȕȖȋȖ ȖȗȈșȕȍȍ, ȟȍȔ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȧȌ ȐȓȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ șȈȔȖțȉȐȑșȚȊȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȈȉȝȐȔȈȕȑț-șțȚȈȔ șțȚȈ ȗȘȈȝțȘ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȖȚȚȈȔȈȔ ȚȈșȑȈ ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȔȈȝȈȠȟȈȘȑȈȔ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ ȟȈ ȋȘȐȕȐȝȐ ȕȈȝ ȈȉȝȐȔȈȕȑț-șțȚȈȔ - șȣȕ ǨȉȝȐȔȈȕȑț; șțȚȈ - Ȗ ǹțȚȈ; ȗȘȈȝțȝ - ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈțȚȚȈȔȈȔ - șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȚȈșȑȈ - ȍȋȖ; ȌȎȈȕȔȈ - ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȠȟȈȘȑȈȔ - țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ - ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȋȘȐȕȐȝȐ - șȖȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȚȤ; ȕȈȝ - ȕȈȔ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȣ. ǷȖȊȍȌȈȑ Ȏȍ ȕȈȔ Ȗ ȕȍȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǸȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚȈ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȏȈȡȐȚȐȓ ȍȋȖ, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȍȡȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓșȧ ȊȖ ȟȘȍȊȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ. ǭȋȖ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȐ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȏȈȔȍȟȈȚȍȓȤȕȣ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȗȕ ȗȖȒȈȘȈȓ DzȈȓȐ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȚȖȚ ȗȣȚȈȓșȧ țȉȐȚȤ ȒȖȘȖȊț. ǻȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȒȖȘȖȊ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȒȖȕȍȞ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȐ. Ƕȕ Ȏȍ ȝȖȚȍȓ ȏȈȡȐȚȐȚȤ ȒȖȘȖȊț ȖȚ șȔȍȘȚȐ, ȋȘȖȏȐȊȠȍȑ ȍȑ ȖȚ ȘțȒȐ ȖȓȐȞȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȋȘȍȝȈ. ǹȔȍȘȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȚȖȎȍ ȉȣȓȈ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȕȖȑ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȏȈȘȈȕȍȍ ȗȘȍȌțȗȘȍȎȌȍȕ Ȗ ȕȍȑ, ȟȚȖ Ȍȓȧ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ șȔȍȘȚȕȖȋȖ - ȟțȌȖ. ǷȖȓțȟȐȊ ȥȚȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȐȍ, Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȋȖȚȖȊȐȓșȧ Ȓ țȝȖȌț, ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȐȊȠȐșȤ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǫȈȕȋȐ Ȑ șȓțȠȈȧ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ǫșȍ ȚȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ șȓțȠȈȓ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȍȓ, ȕȍ ȗȐȓ Ȑ ȕȐ ȔȐȕțȚȣ ȕȍ șȗȈȓ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȋșȍ, șȊȧȏȈȕȕȖȍ ș ȕȐȔ, ȟțȌȍșȕȖ, Ȑ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣ Ȗ ȍȋȖ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȦȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȑȝ 147


148 ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȊȣșȓțȠȈȚȤ. ǯȌȍșȤ ȊȣȘȈȎȈȍȚșȧ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ ȘȈșșȒȈȏ Ȗ ȕȍȔ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖșȚȧȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 șȈ șȈȔȘȈȚ ȒȈșȑȈ ȊȈ ȝȍȚȖȝ ȗȈȕȌțȕȈȔ ȔȈȕȈ-ȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȈȝ ȗȘȈȑȖȗȈȊȐȠȚȖ ȋȈȕȋȈȑȈȔ ȈȕȈȌȘȐȚȑȈȌȝȐȘȈȚ-ȠȘȐȑȈȔ șȈȝ - Ȗȕ; șȈȔȘȈȚ - ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ; ȒȈșȑȈ - ȏȈȟȍȔ; ȊȈ - ȐȓȐ; ȝȍȚȖȝ - ȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ; ȗȈȕȌțȕȈȔ șȣȕȖȊ ǷȈȕȌț; ȔȈȕȈ-ȊȈȘȌȝȈȕȈȝ - țȒȘȈȠȈȦȡȐȑ ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȦ; ȗȘȈȑȈ-țȗȈȊȐȠȚȈȝ - șȐȌȍȓ, ȗȖșȚȧșȤ; ȋȈȕȋȈȑȈȔ - ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǫȈȕȋȐ; ȈȕȈȌȘȐȚȑȈ - ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȋȈȧ; ȈȌȝȐȘȈȚ ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȕȣȔ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȔ; ȠȘȐȑȈȔ - ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ Ȑ ȊȓȈȌȍȓ ȊșȍȔȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ ȌȖșȚȈȊȠȍȋȖșȧ ȍȔț ȗȖ ȕȈșȓȍȌșȚȊț ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȟȚȖ țȔȕȖȎȈȓ șȓȈȊț ȌȐȕȈșȚȐȐ ǷȈȕȌț. ǷȖȟȍȔț Ȏȍ Ȗȕ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋ ǫȈȕȋȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȚȐȚȤșȧ ȌȖ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȈ șȔȍȘȚȐ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ ȉȣȓ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ ȊșȍȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, Ȋșȍȝ ȔȖȘȍȑ Ȑ ȖȒȍȈȕȖȊ. ǺȘȖȕ ȌȖșȚȈȓșȧ ȍȔț ȉȍȏ ȊșȧȒȐȝ țșȐȓȐȑ: Ȗȕ țȕȈșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ șȊȖȐȝ ȌȍȌȖȊ, ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȐ DZțȌȝȐȠȚȝȐȘȣ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȉȘȈȚȤȍȊ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, Ȗȕ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖȔ Ȑ ȉȣȓ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕ ȌȖȉȘȖȑ șȓȈȊȣ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȕȐ ȍȋȖ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ, ȕȐ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȕȐȒȈȒ ȕȍ ȖȔȘȈȟȈȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȎȐȏȕȤ. ǷȖȟȍȔț Ȏȍ Ȗȕ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ Ȑ țȌȈȓȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋ ǫȈȕȋȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȚȐȚȤșȧ ȚȈȔ Ȋ ȖȎȐȌȈȕȐȐ șȔȍȘȚȐ? ȅȚȖȚ ȗȖșȚțȗȖȒ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ șȚȘȈȕȕȣȔ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȊșȍȔ ȕȍ ȚȍȘȗȍȓȖșȤ țȏȕȈȚȤ Ȗ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȕȈȔȈȕȚȐ ȑȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈ-ȕȐȒȍȚȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȠȐȊȈȑȈ ȝȈȕȐȑȈ ȌȝȈȕȈȕȐ ȠȈȚȘȈȊȈȝ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ șȈ ȊȐȘȈȝ ȠȘȐȑȈȔ ȈȕȋȈ ȌțșȚȑȈȌȎȈȔ ȑțȊȈȐȠȈȚȖȚșȘȈȠȚțȔ ȈȝȖ șȈȝȈșțȉȝȐȝ ȕȈȔȈȕȚȐ - șȒȓȖȕȧȓȐșȤ; ȑȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈ - ȟȤȐȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ; ȕȐȒȍȚȈȔ - Ȓ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ - șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ; ȠȐȊȈȑȈ - ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȝȈȕȐȑȈ - ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȓȐ; ȌȝȈȕȈȕȐ - ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ; ȠȈȚȘȈȊȈȝ - ȊȘȈȋȐ; ȒȈȚȝȈȔ - ȗȖ ȒȈȒȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ; șȈȝ - Ȗȕ; ȊȐȘȈȝ - ȌȖȉȓȍșȚȕȣȑ; ȠȘȐȑȈȔ - ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ; ȈȕȋȈ - Ȗ; ȌțșȚȑȈȌȎȈȔ - ȕȍȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȌȍȕȕȣȍ; ȑțȊȈ - Ȋ ȞȊȍȚȍ ȦȕȖșȚȐ; ȈȐȠȈȚȈ - ȗȖȎȍȓȈȓ; țȚșȘȈȠȚțȔ - ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ; ȈȝȖ - ȊȖȏȋȓȈș; șȈȝȈ - ș; ȈșțȉȝȐȝ - ȎȐȏȕȤȦ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȊȘȈȋȐ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȓȐ Ȑ ȗȘȐȗȈȌȈȓȐ Ȓ ȍȋȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ. ǸȈȌȐ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȋȈ ȖȕȐ ȖȚȌȈȊȈȓȐ ȍȔț Ȋșȍ șȊȖȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȔȖȓȖȌ, ȗȖȓȖȕ șȐȓ Ȑ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ ȕȍșȔȍȚȕȣȔȐ ȞȈȘșȒȐȔȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǷȖȟȍȔț Ȏȍ Ȗȕ ȏȈȝȖȚȍȓ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȐȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȖȔȘȈȟȈȓȖ ȍȋȖ ȎȐȏȕȐ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȔȖȓȖȌ Ȑ ȔȖȋ ȎȐȚȤ, ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȧșȤ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ Ȑ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖȔ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ț ȕȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ țȌȈȓȧȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȈȒȚȐȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǹȉȖȘ ȕȈȓȖȋȖȊ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȓ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ 148


149 ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȍȑ - Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕ Ȑ ȖȚȊȈȎȍȕ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȊȘȈȋȐ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȓȐ Ȑ ȗȈȌȈȓȐ ȍȔț Ȋ ȕȖȋȐ, ȗȖȟȐȚȈȧ ȏȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȖȚȌȈȚȤ ȍȔț Ȋșȍ șȊȖȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ. ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ ȉȣȓ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȣȔ ȞȈȘȍȔ. Ƕȕ ȖȌȍȘȎȈȓ ȗȖȉȍȌț ȕȈȌ ȊșȍȔȐ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȊȘȈȋȈȔȐ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȍȋȖ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȓȖ: ȉȣȓȖ ȊȌȖȊȖȓȤ ȏȍȘȕȈ, ȔȖȓȖȒȈ, ȔȍȚȈȓȓȖȊ, ȘȍȒȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȗȖȓȕȖȊȖȌȕȣ, Ȉ ȋȖȘȣ ȉȖȋȈȚȣ ȘțȌȖȑ. ǺȈȒ ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ Ȋșȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȕȖ. DzȈȏȈȓȖșȤ, ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȐȑ ȗȘȍȎȌȍȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȖȚȘȍȒȈȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȞȈȘșȚȊȈ Ȑ țȝȖȌȐȚȤ Ȑȏ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǴțȌȘȍȞȈȔ ȕȍ ȚȍȘȗȍȓȖșȤ țȏȕȈȚȤ ȖȉȖ ȊșȍȔ ȥȚȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12

ȠȐȊȈȑȈ ȓȖȒȈșȑȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȑȈ ȉȝțȚȈȑȍ ȑȈ țȚȚȈȔȈ-ȠȓȖȒȈ-ȗȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ ȌȎȈȕȈȝ ȌȎȐȊȈȕȚȐ ȕȈȚȔȈȘȚȝȈȔ ȈșȈț ȗȈȘȈȠȘȈȑȈȔ ȔțȔȖȟȈ ȕȐȘȊȐȌȑȈ ȒțȚȈȝ ȒȈȓȍȊȈȘȈȔ ȠȐȊȈȑȈ - ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȍ; ȓȖȒȈșȑȈ - Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; ȉȝȈȊȈȑȈ - ȘȈȌȐ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȧ; ȉȝțȚȈȑȍ - ȘȈȌȐ ȉȓȈȋȖșȖșȚȖȧȕȐȧ; ȑȍ - ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ; țȚȚȈȔȈ-ȠȓȖȒȈȗȈȘȈȑȈȕȈȝ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ Ȍȍȓț dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȌȎȈȕȈȝ - ȓȦȌȐ; ȌȎȐȊȈȕȚȐ - ȎȐȊțȚ; ȕȈ - ȕȖ ȕȍ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȈȘȚȝȈȔ - șȊȖȍȒȖȘȣșȚȐȍ; ȈșȈț - ȚȖ; ȗȈȘȈ-ȈȠȘȈȑȈȔ - ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ Ȍȓȧ ȌȘțȋȐȝ; ȔțȔȖȟȈ - ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ; ȕȐȘȊȐȌȑȈ - șȊȖȉȖȌȕȣȑ ȖȚ ȊșȧȒȖȑ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ; ȒțȚȈȝ ȗȖȟȍȔț; ȒȈȓȍȊȈȘȈȔ - ȉȘȍȕȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕ Ȍȍȓț dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȎȐȊțȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȘȈȌȐ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȧ, ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȈ Ȑ șȟȈșȚȤȧ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍ ȗȘȍșȓȍȌțȦȚ ȒȖȘȣșȚȕȣȝ Ȟȍȓȍȑ. DzȖȕȍȟȕȖ, ȐȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ [ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ] ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȔȐȘșȒȐȔ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔ, ȒȈȒ Ȏȍ Ȗȕ ȔȖȋ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȉȘȍȕȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ, șȓțȎȐȊȠȍȍ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍȔ Ȍȓȧ ȌȘțȋȐȝ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ ȉȣȓ ȐȌȍȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȞȈȘȍȔ Ȑ ȌȖȔȖȝȖȏȧȐȕȖȔ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Dz ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȈȔȐ șȖȉȖȑ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ, Ȑ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ - ȓțȟȠȐȑ ȚȖȔț ȗȘȐȔȍȘ. ǹȈȔ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȓ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȚȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ. ǵȖ ȒȈȒ ȞȈȘȤ, ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȣȑ ȏȈȉȖȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȗ ȊșȍșȚȖȘȖȕȕȍȔ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȐȐ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȕȈȘȖȌȈ, Ȗȕ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȚȘțȌȐȓșȧ ȘȈȌȐ ȉȓȈȋȈ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ. Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȓ ȖȚȒȘȣȊȈȚȤ șȒȖȚȖȉȖȑȕȐ Ȑ ȕȍ ȌȖȗțșȒȈȓ țȉȐȑșȚȊȈ ȒȖȘȖȊ. Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȋȓțȗȣȔ Ȑ ȗȘȐșȚȘȈșȚȕȣȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȍȚ ȖȌȕȐȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȈȍȚ țȉȐȑșȚȊȖ ȌȘțȋȐȝ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȏȕȈȓ, ȒȈȒ ȕȈȌȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȉȣȓȐ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣ Ȋșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ: ȓȦȌȐ, ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȍ, ȘȈșȚȍȕȐȧ. Ƕȕ ȌțȔȈȓ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȗ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȊȣȋȖȌȍ. ȅȋȖȐȏȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȚȤșȧ ȓȐȉȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȈ ȕȍȋȖ șȈȔȖȋȖ, ȓȐȉȖ ȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍ, ȕȖ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȍ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚț ȉȣȓȖ ȟțȎȌȖ Ȑ ȚȖ, Ȑ ȌȘțȋȖȍ. Ƕȕ ȌțȔȈȓ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ǪȣșȠțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. ǾȈȘȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȣ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȘȈșȝȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ș ȐȕȚȍȘȍșȈȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȝȖȟȍȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȋșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȉȣȓȐ ȗȖșȓțȠȕȣ ǭȔț Ȑ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȖȉȘȍȓȐ șȟȈșȚȤȍ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȌȖȓȋ ȞȈȘȧ - ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǩȖȋȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖȘȋȈȕȐȏȖȊȈȚȤ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȎȐȏȕȐ 149


150 ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ ȌȖȔȖȑ, ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. DzȖȋȌȈ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȖȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȚ ȞȈȘȤ, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȑșȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ ǩȖȋȈ, ȖȕȖ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȍȚ, Ȑ ț ȓȦȌȍȑ ȕȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȐ ȗȖȍȌȈȚȤ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ. ǻ ȕȐȝ ȊȌȖȊȖȓȤ ȏȍȘȕȈ, ȔȖȓȖȒȈ, ȜȘțȒȚȖȊ, ȖȊȖȡȍȑ, ȚȈȒ ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȓȦȌȐ, Ȑ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȐȚȈȚȤșȧ ȊȒțșȕȖ Ȑ ȌȖșȣȚȈ. Ǩ ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȋșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ șȣȚȣ, ȐȔȍȦȚ ȒȘȖȊ Ȑ șȓȍȌțȦȚ ȊșȍȔ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈȔ, ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȌȘțȋ ȌȘțȋț ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊ. ǰȔȗȍȘȈȚȖȘ ǷȈȘȐȒȠȐȚ ȉȣȓ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȔ ȞȈȘȍȔ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȒȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȔȐȘȖȔ, Ȋșȍ ȉȣȓȐ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȚȈȚ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȕȈȝ șȈȔȈȟȈȒȠȊȈ ȗȘȐȠȚȖ ȑȈȌ ȐȝȈ ȒȐȕȟȈȕȈ ȔȈȕȑȍ ȚȊȈȔ ȊȐȠȈȑȍ ȊȈȟȈȔ șȕȈȚȈȔ ȈȕȑȈȚȘȈ ȟȝȈȕȌȈșȈȚ ȚȈȚ - ȚȖ; șȈȘȊȈȔ - Ȋșȍ; ȕȈȝ - ȕȈȔ; șȈȔȈȟȈȒȠȊȈ - ȖȉȢȧșȕȐ ȌȖșȒȖȕȈȓȤȕȖ; ȗȘȐȠȚȈȝ șȗȘȖȠȍȕȕȖȍ; ȑȈȚ ȐȝȈ - ȏȌȍșȤ; ȒȐȕȟȈȕȈ - Ȋșȍ ȚȖ; ȔȈȕȑȍ - Ȕȣ ȌțȔȈȍȔ; ȚȊȈȔ - Țȣ; ȊȐȠȈȑȍ - ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȈȝ; ȊȈȟȈȔ - ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ șȓȖȊ; șȕȈȚȈȔ - șȊȍȌțȡ; ȈȕȑȈȚȘȈ ȒȘȖȔȍ; ȟȝȈȕȌȈșȈȚ - ȟȈșȚȤ ǪȍȌ. Ǵȣ ȏȕȈȍȔ, ȟȚȖ Țȣ șȊȍȌțȡ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ, ȏȈ ȐșȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȍȔ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȖȊ ǪȍȌ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȔȖȎȍȠȤ ȧșȕȖ ȖȚȊȍȚȐȚȤ ȕȈ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȕȣ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȚȖ ȏȈȌȈȓȐ Țȍȉȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȍȌȣ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȦȚșȧ ȖȚ ǷțȘȈȕ, ȒȈȒ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ - ȖȚ ȗȈȘȐȊȘȈȌȎȈȒ. ǵȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ - ȗȘȖȊȖȌȐȚȤ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, țȗȖȔȐȕȈȍȔȣȍ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ, Ȉ ȗȈȘȐȊȘȈȌȎȈȒȈȟȈȘȑȐ, țȟȍȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȒȐ, ȖȉȧȏȈȕȣ ȕȍșȚȐ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǷȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ ȗȈȘȐȊȘȈȌȎȈȒȈȟȈȘȑȈ ȕȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȏȕȈȚȖȒȖȔ Ȋ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȐȐ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȘȍȋțȓȧȘȕȖ ȌȍȒȓȈȔȐȘțȦȚ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȊȓȈȌȍȦȡȐȍ ȔȍȚȘȐȒȖȑ Ȑ ȔȍȓȖȌȐȒȖȑ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȋȐȔȕȖȊ Ȑ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȖȉȘȧȌȣ. ǰ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ șȟȐȚȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ ȊȈȎȕȍȍ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ șȚȘȈȕșȚȊțȦȡȐȝ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌȕȐȒȖȊ. ǰȝ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȈ Ȑ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȈ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȊȍȌȍȚ Ȓ ȖȌȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȑ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȗțȚȧȔȐ. ǴȍȎȌț ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȔȈȕȚȘȈȔȐ Ȑ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ Ȑ ǰȚȐȝȈșȈȝ, ȕȍȚ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȣ. DzȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǬȎȐȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, Ȋ «ǴȈȌȝȑȈȕȌȐȕȈ-ȠȘțȚȐ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ǪȍȌȣ: «ǹȈȔȈ», «ǨȚȝȈȘȊȈ», «ǸȐȋ», «DZȈȌȎțȘ», ǷțȘȈȕȣ, ǰȚȐȝȈșȣ, ǻȗȈȕȐȠȈȌȣ Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȌȈȓȍȍ - ȥȔȈȕȈȞȐȐ ȌȣȝȈȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǹțȡȍșȚȊȈ. ǭȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȍ ȔȍȎȌț ȕȐȔȐ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȚșȧ, Ȋ ȖșȕȖȊȕȖȔ, ș ȗȘȈȕȈȊȈ ȖȔȒȈȘȣ, Ȑ ȘȐȚȔȐȟȍșȒȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖȔț ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȐȦ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ țȟȐȚȤșȧ. ǵȖ ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȊȈȎȍȕ, ȟȍȔ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ. ǵȈȗȘȖȚȐȊ, ȒȈȒ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ ȊȣȠȍ, «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȥȚȖ ȏȘȍȓȣȑ ȗȓȖȌ Ȋșȍȝ ǪȍȌ. DzȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, șȈȔȈȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȈȧ Ȑȏ Ȋșȍȝ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ ȌțȠ, ȀȘȐȓȈ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȝȖȚȧ țȎȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȉȣȓ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȍȔ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ȀȘȐȓȈ ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ ȗȖ ȍȋȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȕȐșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȊȓȐȧȓȖ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȊȓȈȌȍȓ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȖȔ ȔȍȚȘȐȟȍșȒȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȐȧ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȏȈȊȐșȐȚ ȖȚ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȐ, ȟȍȔ ȖȚ ȋȓțȉȐȕȣ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑȝ șȔȣșȓȈ. ǶșȖȏȕȈȊȈȚȤ șȔȣșȓ ȋȖȘȈȏȌȖ 150


151 ȊȈȎȕȍȍ, ȟȍȔ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȚȤ Ȑȝ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȗȖȗțȋȈȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 șțȚȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȌȊȈȗȈȘȍ șȈȔȈȕțȗȘȈȗȚȍ ȚȘȐȚȐȑȍ ȑțȋȈ-ȗȈȘȑȈȑȍ ȌȎȈȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȠȈȘȈȌ ȑȖȋȐ ȊȈșȈȊȑȈȔ ȒȈȓȈȑȈ ȝȈȘȍȝ șțȚȈȝ - ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ; țȊȈȟȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȌȊȈȗȈȘȍ - ȊȖ ȊȚȖȘțȦ ȥȗȖȝț; șȈȔȈȕțȗȘȈȗȚȍ ȗȘȐ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȐ; ȚȘȐȚȐȑȍ - ȚȘȍȚȤȧ; ȑțȕȈ - ȥȗȖȝȈ; ȗȈȘȑȈȑȍ - ȊȔȍșȚȖ; ȌȎȈȚȈȝ - ȉȣȓ ȏȈȟȈȚ; ȗȈȘȈȠȈȘȈȚ - ǷȈȘȈȠȈȘȖȑ; ȑȖȋȐ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȊȈșȈȊȑȈȔ - Ȋ ȓȖȕȍ ȌȖȟȍȘȐ ǪȈșț; ȒȈȓȈȑȈ - Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ; ȝȈȘȍȝ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: DzȖȋȌȈ ȊȚȖȘȈȧ ȥȗȖȝȈ ȗȍȘȍȒȘȣȓȈ ȚȘȍȚȤȦ, ǹȈȚȑȈȊȈȚȐ, ȌȖȟȤ ǪȈșț, ȘȖȌȐȓȈ ǷȈȘȈȠȈȘȍ ǴțȕȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ [ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊț]. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǽȘȖȕȖȓȖȋȐȧ ȟȍȘȍȌȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȥȗȖȝ ȚȈȒȖȊȈ: ǹȈȚȤȧ, ǬȊȈȗȈȘȈ, ǺȘȍȚȈ Ȑ DzȈȓȐ. ǵȖ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȐ ȗȍȘȍȒȘȣȊȈȦȚ ȌȘțȋ ȌȘțȋȈ. ǪȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȈ ȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǪȈȐȊȈșȊȈȚȣ ǴȈȕț ȥȚȖ șȓțȟȐȓȖșȤ Ȋ ȌȊȈȌȞȈȚȤ ȊȖșȤȔȖȔ ȞȐȒȓȍ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȥȗȖȝ: ȚȘȍȚȤȧ ȥȗȖȝȈ ȕȈșȚțȗȐȓȈ ȘȈȕȤȠȍ ȊȚȖȘȖȑ. ǰȔȍȕȕȖ Ȋ ȥȚț ȥȗȖȝț ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȟȚȖ Ȑ ȧȊȐȓȖșȤ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȐȏȔȍȕȍȕȐȑ. ǴȈȚȍȘȤȦ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ȉȣȓȈ ǹȈȚȑȈȊȈȚȐ, ȌȖȟȤ ǪȈșț (ȘȣȉȈȒȈ), Ȉ ȍȋȖ ȖȚȞȖȔ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ǷȈȘȈȠȈȘȈ ǴțȕȐ. ǺȈȒȖȊȈ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ ȗȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȕȈ șȊȍȚ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ. DzȈȎȌȈȧ ȥȗȖȝȈ ȌȍȓȐȚșȧ ȕȈ ȚȘȐ ȗȍȘȐȖȌȈ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ șȈȕȌȝȑȈ. ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȚȘȍȚȤȍȑ șȈȕȌȝȑȍ ȥȚȖȑ ȖșȖȉȖȑ ȥȗȖȝȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 șȈ ȒȈȌȈȟȐȚ șȈȘȈșȊȈȚȑȈ țȗȈșȗȘȐȠȑȈ ȌȎȈȓȈȔ ȠțȟȐȝ ȊȐȊȐȒȚȈ ȥȒȈ ȈșȐȕȈ țȌȐȚȍ ȘȈȊȐ-ȔȈȕȌȈȓȍ șȈȝ - Ȗȕ; ȒȈȌȈȟȐȚ - ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ; șȈȘȈșȊȈȚȑȈȝ - ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ȘȍȒȐ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ; țȗȈșȗȘȐȠȑȈ - ȏȈȊȍȘȠȐȊ țȚȘȍȕȕȍȍ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȍ; ȌȎȈȓȈȔ - ȊȖȌȈ; ȠțȟȐȝ - ȖȟȐȡȍȕȕȣȑ; ȊȐȊȐȒȚȍ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȕȖșȚȤ; ȥȒȈȝ - ȖȌȐȕ; ȈșȐȕȈȝ - țșȍȊȠȐșȤ ȚȈȒ; țȌȐȚȍ - ȕȈ ȊȖșȝȖȌȍ; ȘȈȊȐȔȈȕȌȈȓȍ - șȖȓȕȞȈ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȕȈ ȊȖșȝȖȌȍ șȖȓȕȞȈ Ȗȕ [ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ] șȖȊȍȘȠȐȓ țȚȘȍȕȕȍȍ ȖȔȖȊȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȊȖȌȈȝ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ Ȑ șȍȓ Ȋ țȍȌȐȕȍȕȐȐ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȚȤșȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ ȗȘȖȚȍȒȈȍȚ ȗȖ ȚȖȑ ȟȈșȚȐ ǫȐȔȈȓȈȍȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ǩȈȌȈȘȐȒȈȠȘȈȔȖȑ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȔȍșȚȖ, Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȏȌȍșȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, - ȀȈȔȑȈȗȘȈșȈ Ȋ ǩȈȌȈȘȐȒȈȠȘȈȔȍ, ȋȌȍ ȎȐȊȍȚ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 ȗȈȘȈȊȈȘȈ-ȌȎȕȈȝ șȈ ȘȐȠȐȝ 151


152 ȒȈȓȍȕȈȊȑȈȒȚȈ-ȘȈȔȝȈșȈ ȑțȋȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȑȈȚȐȒȈȘȈȔ ȗȘȈȗȚȈȔ ȉȝțȊȐ ȑțȋȍ ȑțȋȍ ȗȈȘȈ-ȈȊȈȘȈ - ȗȘȖȠȓȖȍ Ȑ ȉțȌțȡȍȍ; ȌȎȕȈȝ - ȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ; șȈȝ - Ȗȕ; ȘȐȠȐȝ - ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ; ȒȈȓȍȕȈ - ș ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ; ȈȊȑȈȒȚȈ - ȕȍȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ; ȘȈȔȝȈșȈ - ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ șȐȓȖȑ; ȑțȋȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ - ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȖȚȊȍȟȈȦȡȈȧ ȌȈȕȕȖȑ ȥȗȖȝȍ; ȊȑȈȚȐȒȈȘȈȔ - ȖȚȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ; ȗȘȈȗȚȈȔ - ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȦȡȐȍ; ȉȝțȊȐ - ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȍ; ȑțȋȍ ȑțȋȍ - ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȊȍȒȈ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȘȍȌȊȐȌȍȓ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ ȕȈȟȕțȚ ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȋȈȚȤ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȧȔȐ Ȋ ȥȚț ȥȗȖȝț. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȍ Ȋ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȊȍȒȈ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȕȍȊȐȌȐȔȣȝ șȐȓ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȝșȧ ș ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȈȒȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, ȒȈȒ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, - ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȖȚȟȍȚȓȐȊȖ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȍ Ȑ ȉțȌțȡȍȍ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȍȌȊȐȌȍȓ ȉțȌțȡȐȍ ȈȕȖȔȈȓȐȐ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ Ȑ ȗȖȏȈȉȖȚȐȓșȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȓȦȌȐ ȐȔȍȓȐ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ ȚȤȔȣ. dzȦȌȐ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȍȕȣ ȕȈ ȚȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. Ǫ șȊȖȍȔ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, Ȋ ȟȍȔ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȐȕȕȈȧ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȑ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 17-18

ȉȝȈțȚȐȒȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȔ ȠȈȒȚȐ-ȝȘȈșȈȔ ȟȈ ȚȈȚ-ȒȘȐȚȈȔ ȈȠȘȈȌȌȈȌȝȈȕȈȕ ȕȐȝșȈȚȚȊȈȕ ȌțȘȔȍȌȝȈȕ ȝȘȈșȐȚȈȑțȠȈȝ ȌțȘȉȝȈȋȈȔȠ ȟȈ ȌȎȈȕȈȕ ȊȐȒȠȑȈ ȔțȕȐȘ ȌȐȊȑȍȕȈ ȟȈȒȠțȠȈ șȈȘȊȈ-ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȌȈȌȝȑȈț ȝȐȚȈȔ ȈȔȖȋȝȈ-ȌȘȐȒ ȉȝȈțȚȐȒȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ - Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȊșȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕȈȔ - ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȠȈȒȚȐ-ȝȘȈșȈȔ ȟȈ - Ȑ țȗȈȌȖȒ șȐȓ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ; ȚȈȚ-ȒȘȐȚȈȔ - șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔȖȑ; ȈȠȘȈȌȌȈȌȝȈȕȈȕ - ȕȍȊȍȘțȦȡȐȔȐ; ȕȐȝșȈȚȚȊȈȕ - ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑȕȣȔȐ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊȐȧ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ; ȌțȘȔȍȌȝȈȕ - ȕȍȘȈȏțȔȕȣȔȐ; ȝȘȈșȐȚȈ - șȖȒȘȈȚȐȊȠȍȑșȧ; ȈȑțȠȈȝ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȌțȘȉȝȈȋȈȕ ȟȈ - Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣȔȐ; ȌȎȈȕȈȕ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ; ȊȐȒȠȑȈ - ȊȐȌȧ; ȔțȕȐȝ - ȔțȕȐ; ȌȐȊȑȍȕȈ - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ; ȟȈȒȠțȠȈ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍȔ; șȈȘȊȈ - Ȋșȍ; ȊȈȘȕȈ-ȈȠȘȈȔȈȕȈȔ - Ȋșȍȝ șȚȈȚțșȖȊ Ȑ țȒȓȈȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȑȈȚ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ; ȌȈȌȝȑȈț - ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȓ; ȝȐȚȈȔ - ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȈȔȖȋȝȈ-ȌȘȐȒ - ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ. ǶȉȓȈȌȈȧ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȏȘȍȕȐȍȔ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ȗȘȍȌȊȐȌȍȓ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ Ȋșȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȘȐȌȍȚ Ȋ țȗȈȌȖȒ. Ƕȕ ȗȘȍȌȊȐȌȍȓ ȚȈȒȎȍ, ȟȚȖ ț ȕȍȊȍȘțȦȡȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȖȒȘȈȚȐȚșȧ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȑ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȖȚșțȚșȚȊȐȧ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȐ ȖȕȐ șȚȈȕțȚ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑȕȣȔȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȗȖȋȘțȏȐȓșȧ Ȋ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ 152


153 ȓȦȌȧȔ Ȋșȍȝ șȖșȓȖȊȐȑ Ȑ țȒȓȈȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȍȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ șȐȓȣ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȑ șȘȖȒ ȗȘȍȌȈȦȚ ȏȈȉȊȍȕȐȦ Ȋșȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ. Ǫ DzȈȓȐ-Ȧȋț, ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȦȦ Ȋ ȞȐȒȓȍ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȥȗȖȝ, ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ Ȋșȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ țȗȈȌȖȒ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȈ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȐȓȤȕȖ șȖȒȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ, Ȉ ȗȈȔȧȚȤ șȓȈȉȍȍȚ. ǬȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ ȕȍ ȚȈȒ ȐȕȚȍȕșȐȊȕȈ, ȒȈȒ ȘȈȕȤȠȍ. ǯȍȔȓȧ ȕȍ ȌȈȍȚ ȚȈȒȐȝ țȘȖȎȈȍȊ ȏȍȘȕȈ, ȒȈȒ Ȋ ȗȘȍȎȕȐȍ ȊȍȒȈ, Ȉ ȒȖȘȖȊȣ - șȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȔȖȓȖȒȈ, ȒȈȒ ȘȈȕȤȠȍ, țȔȍȕȤȠȈȦȚșȧ țȘȖȎȈȐ ȜȘțȒȚȖȊ Ȑ ȖȊȖȡȍȑ. ǪșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊșȍȔ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ - ȓȦȌȧȔ Ȑ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȔ - ȕȍ ȝȊȈȚȈȍȚ ȏȌȖȘȖȊȖȑ, ȌȈȦȡȍȑ șȐȓȣ ȗȐȡȐ. ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȕȍȝȊȈȚȒȐ șȈȔȖȋȖ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȋȖ Ȍȓȧ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȍȍ, ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, șȖȒȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ, ȗȈȔȧȚȤ Ȑ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚ șȓȈȉȍȦȚ, ȓȦȌȐ șȚȈȕȖȊȧȚșȧ ȓȐȞȍȔȍȘȕȣȔȐ Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ȌȘțȋ ș ȌȘțȋȖȔ, Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȌȈȓȍȍ. ǪȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȔȖȋ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȊȖȍȔț ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț ȏȘȍȕȐȦ. DzȈȒ ȈșȚȘȖȓȖȋ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ șțȌȤȉț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, Ȉ ȈșȚȘȖȕȖȔ - ȗȘȍȌțȋȈȌȈȚȤ șȖȓȕȍȟȕȣȍ Ȑ ȓțȕȕȣȍ ȏȈȚȔȍȕȐȧ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, șȔȖȚȘȧȡȐȍ ȕȈ ȔȐȘ șȒȊȖȏȤ ȗȘȐȏȔț ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȍȌșȒȈȏȣȊȈȚȤ ȉțȌțȡȍȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ. ǶȕȐ ȊȐȌȧȚ ȥȚȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȖȕȐȞȈȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȕȖȑ Ȋ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȐ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȖ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ șȊȖȍȑ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȎȈȎȌțȚ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȊșȍȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ. ǶȕȐ - ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȍ ȌȘțȏȤȧ Ȋșȍȝ, Ȋ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȍ ȖȚ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȝ «ȕȈȘȖȌȕȣȝ ȊȖȎȌȍȑ», ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȊȐȌȍȚȤ ȌȈȎȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ șȓțȟȐȚșȧ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȗȧȚȤ ȔȐȕțȚ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȊȔȍșȚȍ ș Ȑȝ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȔȐ «ȊȖȎȌȧȔȐ» - ȕȍțȌȈȟȕȐȒȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȕȍ ȊȍȘȧȚ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ. ǰȝ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȧȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȕȍȌțȋȐ. ǹȍȑȟȈș, ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȔȕȖȋȐȍ ȉȖȓȤȕȣ ȚțȉȍȘȒțȓȍȏȖȔ, Ȑ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȚțȉȍȘȒțȓȍȏȕȣȝ ȓȍȟȍȉȕȐȞ, ȝȖȚȧ ȘȈȕȤȠȍ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ Ȑ Ȋ ȗȖȔȐȕȍ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȑ țșȓȖȊȐȧ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȗȘȐȧȚȕȣȔȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ ȕȍțȌȈȟȕȐȒȐ ȐȏȉȍȋȈȦȚ ȊșȚȘȍȟ ș ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȈȔȐ, ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȣ ȉȍșȒȖȘȣșȚȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȌțȔȈȧ ȓȐȠȤ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ȓȦȌȧȔ Ȋșȍȝ șȖșȓȖȊȐȑ Ȑ țȒȓȈȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ, ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȦȡȐȍ ȔȐșșȐȦ ǪȑȈșȣ, ǵȈȘȈȌȣ, ǴȈȌȝȊȣ, ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ, Ǹțȗȣ, ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ, - ȥȚȖ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȍȚȍȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȦȚșȧ ȌȘțȋ ȖȚ ȌȘțȋȈ. dzȦȌȐ ȔȖȋțȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȘȈȏȕȣȔȐ, ȕȖ ȔȐșșȐȧ ț ȕȐȝ ȖȌȕȈ - ȊȍȘȕțȚȤ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ ȌȖȔȖȑ, ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȟȈȚțȘ-ȝȖȚȘȈȔ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȠțȌȌȝȈȔ ȗȘȈȌȎȈȕȈȔ ȊȐȒȠȑȈ ȊȈȐȌȐȒȈȔ ȊȑȈȌȈȌȝȈȌ ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-șȈȕȚȈȚȑȈȐ ȊȍȌȈȔ ȥȒȈȔ ȟȈȚțȘ-ȊȐȌȝȈȔ ȟȈȚțȝ - ȟȍȚȣȘȍ; ȝȖȚȘȈȔ - ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ Ȗȋȕȧ; ȒȈȘȔȈ ȠțȌȌȝȈȔ - ȖȟȐȡȍȕȐȍ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȗȘȈȌȎȈȕȈȔ - ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȊȐȒȠȑȈ - țȊȐȌȍȊ; ȊȈȐȌȐȒȈȔ - șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȘȐȚțȈȓȈȔ; ȊȑȈȌȈȌȝȈȚ - ȘȈȏȌȍȓȐȓ; ȑȈȌȎȕȈ - ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍ; șȈȕȚȈȚȑȈȐ - ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȚȤ; ȊȍȌȈȔ ȥȒȈȔ - ȍȌȐȕțȦ ǪȍȌț; ȟȈȚțȝ-ȊȐȌȝȈȔ - ȕȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ 153


154 ȟȈșȚȐ. Ƕȕ ȊȐȌȍȓ, ȟȚȖ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ, țȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȍ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȝ, ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ, ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǰ ȟȚȖȉȣ țȗȘȖșȚȐȚȤ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȘȖȞȍșș, Ȗȕ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȐȓ ȍȌȐȕțȦ ǪȍȌț ȕȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ș ȞȍȓȤȦ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȚȤ Ȑȝ șȘȍȌȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȍȘȊȖȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȓȈ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȌȕȈ ǪȍȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȓȈșȤ «DZȈȌȎțȘ», Ȑ Ȋ ȕȍȑ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȖ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȓȐșȤ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȊȐȌȈ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ. ǵȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȉȓȍȋȟȐȚȤ Ȑȝ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ, ǪȍȌȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȍȕȈ ȕȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȗȖ ȊȐȌȈȔ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ, ȟȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ șȗȖșȖȉșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȖȟȐȡȍȕȐȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȐȝ Ȓ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȔ țȒȓȈȌȈȔ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǷȖȔȐȔȖ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ǪȍȌ - «ǸȐȋ», «DZȈȌȎțȘ», «ǹȈȔȈ» Ȑ «ǨȚȝȈȘȊȣ», ȍșȚȤ ȍȡȍ ǷțȘȈȕȣ, «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ», șȈȔȝȐȚȣ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȣȍ ȒȈȒ ȗȧȚȈȧ ǪȍȌȈ. ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȔȕȖȋȖȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȍ țȟȍȕȐȒȐ - ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȣȍ Ȑ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ Ȓ ȗȈȌȠȐȔ ȌțȠȈȔ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ. Ǫ șțȡȕȖșȚȐ, ǷțȘȈȕȣ Ȑ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ» șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȣ ȕȈ ȖșȕȖȊȍ șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȝ ȔȍȎȌț șȖȉȖȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȜȈȒȚȖȊ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȦȚ țȟȍȕȐȍ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ǪȍȌ. ǵȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȑ Ȋ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȖșȚȐ ǷțȘȈȕ Ȑ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȣ» - ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ ǪȍȌ. Ǫ «ǿȝȈȕȌȖȋȑȈ-țȗȈȕȐȠȈȌȍ» (7.1.4) ǷțȘȈȕȣ Ȑ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ», ȖȉȣȟȕȖ ȐȔȍȕțȍȔȣȍ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȝȘȖȕȐȒȈȔȐ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȗȧȚȖȑ ǪȍȌȖȑ. ǷȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȀȘȐȓȣ ǬȎȐȊȣ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, ȥȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉ, ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ țșȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕțȦ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȘȐȋ-ȑȈȌȎțȝ-șȈȔȈȚȝȈȘȊȈȒȝȑȈ ȊȍȌȈȠ ȟȈȚȊȈȘȈ țȌȌȝȘȐȚȈȝ ȐȚȐȝȈșȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ ȗȈȕȟȈȔȖ ȊȍȌȈ țȟȑȈȚȍ ȘȐȋ-ȑȈȌȎțȝ-șȈȔȈ-ȈȚȝȈȘȊȈ-ȈȒȝȑȈȝ - ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȧ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ǪȍȌ; ȊȍȌȈȝ - ǪȍȌȣ; ȟȈȚȊȈȘȈȝ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ; țȌȌȝȘȐȚȈȝ - ȘȈȏȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈ ȟȈșȚȐ; ȐȚȐȝȈșȈ - ȝȘȖȕȐȒȐ («ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ»); ȗțȘȈȕȈȔ ȟȈ - Ȑ ǷțȘȈȕȣ; ȗȈȕȟȈȔȈȝ - ȗȧȚȈȧ; ȊȍȌȈȝ - ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ; țȟȑȈȚȍ - ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ. ǿȍȚȣȘȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ [ǪȍȌ] ȉȣȓȐ ȊȣȌȍȓȍȕȣ Ȋ șȈȔȖșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, Ȉ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȜȈȒȚȖȊ Ȑ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȝ șȖȉȣȚȐȑ, șȖȌȍȘȎȈȡȐȍșȧ Ȋ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ, ȐȔȍȕțȦȚșȧ ȗȧȚȖȑ ǪȍȌȖȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȚȈȚȘȈȘȋ-ȊȍȌȈ-ȌȝȈȘȈȝ ȗȈȐȓȈȝ șȈȔȈȋȖ ȌȎȈȐȔȐȕȐȝ ȒȈȊȐȝ ȊȈȐȠȈȔȗȈȑȈȕȈ ȥȊȈȐȒȖ ȕȐȠȕȈȚȖ ȑȈȌȎțȠȈȔ țȚȈ ȚȈȚȘȈ - ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȘȐȋ-ȊȍȌȈ-ȌȝȈȘȈȝ - țȟȐȚȍȓȤ «ǸȐȋ-ȊȍȌȣ»; ȗȈȐȓȈȝ - ȘȐȠȐ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǷȈȐȓȈ; șȈȔȈ-ȋȈȝ - țȟȐȚȍȓȤ «ǹȈȔȈ-ȊȍȌȣ»; ȌȎȈȐȔȐȕȐȝ - ȘȐȠȐ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǬȎȈȐȔȐȕȐ; ȒȈȊȐȝ - ȔȕȖȋȖȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ; ȊȈȐȠȈȔȗȈȑȈȕȈȝ - ȘȐȠȐ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǪȈȐȠȈȔȗȈȑȈȕȈ; ȥȊȈ 154


155 ȚȖȓȤȒȖ; ȥȒȈȝ - ȖȌȐȕ; ȕȐȠȕȈȚȈȝ - ȊȍșȤȔȈ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȑ; ȑȈȌȎțȠȈȔ - «DZȈȌȎțȘȊȍȌȣ»; țȚȈ - ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ǪȍȌȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȍȕȈ ȕȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȟȈșȚȐ, ǷȈȐȓȈ ǸȐȠȐ șȚȈȓ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ «ǸȐȋ-ȊȍȌȣ», ǬȎȈȐȔȐȕȐ - țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ «ǹȈȔȈ-ȊȍȌȣ», Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǪȈȐȠȈȔȗȈȑȈȕȈ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȓșȧ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ «DZȈȌȎțȘ-ȊȍȌȣ». DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǸȈȏȕȣȍ ǪȍȌȣ ȉȣȓȐ ȌȖȊȍȘȍȕȣ ȘȈȏȕȣȔ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȔ țȟȍȕȣȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȕȐ ȊșȍșȚȖȘȖȕȕȍ ȘȈȏȘȈȉȖȚȈȓȐ Ȑȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȈȚȝȈȘȊȈȕȋȐȘȈșȈȔ ȈșȐȚ șțȔȈȕȚțȘ ȌȈȘțȕȖ ȔțȕȐȝ ȐȚȐȝȈșȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȈȕȈȔ ȗȐȚȈ Ȕȍ ȘȖȔȈȝȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ ȈȚȝȈȘȊȈ - «ǨȚȝȈȘȊȈ-ȊȍȌȈ»; ȈȕȋȐȘȈșȈȔ - ȘȐȠȐ ȗȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ ǨȕȋȐȘȈ; ȈșȐȚ - ȉȣȓȈ ȗȖȘțȟȍȕȈ; șțȔȈȕȚțȝ - ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖȔț ȚȈȒȎȍ ȒȈȒ ǹțȔȈȕȚț ǴțȕȐ; ȌȈȘțȕȈȝ - ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȊȠȐȑ șȍȉȧ «ǨȚȝȈȘȊȈ-ȊȍȌȍ»; ȔțȕȐȝ - ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȐȚȐȝȈșȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȈȕȈȔ - ȝȘȖȕȐȒ Ȑ ǷțȘȈȕ; ȗȐȚȈ - ȖȚȍȞ; Ȕȍ - ȔȖȑ; ȘȖȔȈȝȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ - ȘȐȠȐ ǸȖȔȈȝȈȘȠȈȕȈ. ǹțȔȈȕȚț ǴțȕȐ ǨȕȋȐȘȍ ȉȣȓȈ ȗȖȘțȟȍȕȈ «ǨȚȝȈȘȊȈ-ȊȍȌȈ», ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ Ȗȕ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȓ ȊșȍȋȖ șȍȉȧ, Ȉ ȔȖȍȔț ȖȚȞț ǸȖȔȈȝȈȘȠȈȕȍ - ǷțȘȈȕȣ Ȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȝȘȖȕȐȒȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȠȘțȚȐ-ȔȈȕȚȘȈȝ ȚȖȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ǨȕȋȐȘȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȖȟȍȕȤ șȚȘȖȋȖ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȊȠȐȑ șțȘȖȊȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧ «ǨȚȝȈȘȊȈ-ȊȍȌȣ», ȊșȚȈȓ ȊȖ ȋȓȈȊȍ ȍȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 ȚȈ ȥȚȈ ȘȐȠȈȑȖ ȊȍȌȈȔ șȊȈȔ șȊȈȔ ȊȑȈșȑȈȕȕ ȈȕȍȒȈȌȝȈ ȠȐȠȑȈȐȝ ȗȘȈȠȐȠȑȈȐș ȚȈȟ-ȟȝȐȠȑȈȐȘ ȊȍȌȈș Țȍ ȠȈȒȝȐȕȖ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȕ Țȍ - ȖȕȐ; ȥȚȍ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; ȘȐȠȈȑȈȝ - ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ; ȊȍȌȈȔ - șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ǪȍȌȣ; șȊȈȔ șȊȈȔ - ȊȖ ȊȊȍȘȍȕȕȣȝ ȐȔ ȖȉȓȈșȚȧȝ; ȊȑȈșȑȈȕ - ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓȐ; ȈȕȍȒȈȌȝȈ ȔȕȖȋȐȔ; ȠȐȠȑȈȐȝ - țȟȍȕȐȒȈȔ; ȗȘȈȠȐȠȑȈȐȝ - țȟȍȕȐȒȈȔ țȟȍȕȐȒȖȊ; ȚȈȚ-ȠȐȠȑȈȐȝ țȟȍȕȐȒȈȔ ȥȚȐȝ țȟȍȕȐȒȖȊ; ȊȍȌȈȝ Țȍ - ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȝ ǪȍȌ; ȠȈȒȝȐȕȈȝ - ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȊȍȚȊȐ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȕ - ȚȈȒ ȗȖȧȊȐȓȐșȤ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȐ șȊȍȌțȡȐȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓȐ ȌȖȊȍȘȍȕȕȣȍ ȐȔ ǪȍȌȣ șȊȖȐȔ ȔȕȖȋȖȟȐșȓȍȕȕȣȔ țȟȍȕȐȒȈȔ, țȟȍȕȐȒȈȔ țȟȍȕȐȒȖȊ Ȑ Ȑȝ țȟȍȕȐȒȈȔ. ǺȈȒ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȓȐșȤ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ȠȒȖȓȣ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ ǪȍȌ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȍȌȣ - ȥȚȖ ȗȍȘȊȖȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǵȍȚ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ - ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȐȓȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ - ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȈ ȉȣ ȖșȊȍȡȍȕȈ Ȋ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȚȍȒșȚȍ ǪȍȌ. ǷȘȖșȚȖ ȗȖȏȌȕȍȍ ȒȈȎȌȈȧ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȉȣȓȈ ȘȈȏȘȈȉȖȚȈȕȈ Ȑ ȌȈȓȈ 155


156 ȕȈȟȈȓȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ ȖȚȊȍȚȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ. ǻ Ȑȝ ȐșȚȖȒȖȊ șȚȖȧȓȐ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ, țȊȈȎȈȍȔȣȍ Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȖȏȕȈȦȡȐȍ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǰȕȈȟȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧ, ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȗȖȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȧȔȐ ȕȈ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ, ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȓȖșȤ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȐȘț. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȕȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȗȘȈȊȈ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȍȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ǪȍȌȈȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 24 ȚȈ ȥȊȈ ȊȍȌȈ ȌțȘȔȍȌȝȈȐȘ ȌȝȈȘȑȈȕȚȍ ȗțȘțȠȈȐȘ ȑȈȚȝȈ ȥȊȈȔ ȟȈȒȈȘȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȊȑȈșȈȝ ȒȘȐȗȈȕȈ-ȊȈȚșȈȓȈȝ Țȍ - ȚȖ; ȥȊȈ - ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ; ȊȍȌȈȝ - ȒȕȐȋȈ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ; ȌțȘȔȍȌȝȈȐȝ - ȕȍ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȔȐ; ȌȝȈȘȑȈȕȚȍ - ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ țșȊȖȍȕȈ; ȗțȘțȠȈȐȝ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȖȔ; ȑȈȚȝȈ - ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ; ȥȊȈȔ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȟȈȒȈȘȈ - ȖȚȘȍȌȈȒȚȐȘȖȊȈȓ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ - ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ; ȊȑȈșȈȝ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǪȑȈșȈ; ȒȘȐȗȈȕȈ-ȊȈȚșȈȓȈȝ - ȖȟȍȕȤ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȣȑ Ȓ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȣȑ Ȓ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȗȘȍȗȖȌȕȍș ǪȍȌȣ Ȋ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȑȝ ȔȖȋȓȐ țșȊȖȐȚȤ ȌȈȎȍ ȓȦȌȐ ș ȕȍȊȣșȖȒȐȔ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȍȌȈ ȍȌȐȕȈ, ȏȌȍșȤ Ȏȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȦȚșȧ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ ȍȍ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȍȕȐȧ ȕȈ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȈșȚȍȑ. ǶȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȕȍȓȍȋȒȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ǪȍȌț - șȍȔȧ ȊșȍȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ șȚȘȖȋȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȍ, Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȌȈȎȍ ȗȣȚȈȚȤșȧ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ǪȍȌȣ, ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȒȊȈȓȐȜȐȞȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȔ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ȕȍȖȌȕȖȒȘȈȚȕȖ ȐșȒȈȎȈȓȖșȤ Ȑ ȗȖ-ȘȈȏȕȖȔț ȐȕȚȍȘȗȘȍȚȐȘȖȊȈȓȖșȤ. dzȦȌȐ, ȗȘȍȚȍȕȌțȦȡȐȍ ȕȈ ȏȊȈȕȐȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȘȖȌȐȓȐșȤ Ȋ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕșȒȐȝ șȍȔȤȧȝ, ȗȘȐȚȧȏȈȦȚ ȕȈ ȔȖȕȖȗȖȓȐȦ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȌ ȒȈșȚȖȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ. ǬȘțȋȐȍ Ȏȍ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȥȚȖ ȒȈȒ ȕȍșȗȘȈȊȍȌȓȐȊȖșȚȤ ȗȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ ȒȈșȚ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȕȍ ȗȖșȟȈșȚȓȐȊȐȓȖșȤ ȘȖȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ǵȖ Ȑ Țȍ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȈȦȚșȧ. ǪȍȌȣ - ȥȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȚȤ ȌȈȎȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȌȎȐ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ șȌȍȓȈȓ ǹȈȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȥȚȖȚ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚ ȌȖșȚțȗȍȕ ȓȐȠȤ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ. dzȦȌȐ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȍșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, ȕȍ Ȋ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ. ǪȣșȠȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ - ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǻȍ, ȕȈ ȒȖȋȖ ȊȓȐȧȦȚ ȋțȕȣ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȥȚț dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ șȓțȟȈȧȝ. Ǫ ǹȈȚȤȧ-Ȧȋț Ȋșȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓȐșȤ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ. Ǫ ǺȘȍȚȈ- Ȑ ǬȊȈȗȈȘȈ-ȦȋȐ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȖșȓȈȉȍȊȈȓȖ, Ȑ ȓȦȌȐ ȌȍȋȘȈȌȐȘȖȊȈȓȐ. Ǫ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍ ȋțȕȣ ȉȓȈȋȖșȚȐ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȕȍ ȖȡțȡȈȍȚșȧ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȔȐȓȖșȍȘȌȕȣȑ Ȑ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ, ȘȈȏȌȍȓȐȓ ǪȍȌȣ ȕȈ ȕȍșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȈșȚȍȑ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȝșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȕȍ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȖșȖȉȣȔ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚȖȔ, ȔȖȋȓȖ ȕȈ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȍ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȐȔ. ȅȚȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȠȓȖȒȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 șȚȘȐ-ȠțȌȘȈ-ȌȊȐȌȎȈȉȈȕȌȝțȕȈȔ ȚȘȈȑȐ ȕȈ ȠȘțȚȐ-ȋȖȟȈȘȈ 156


157 ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȠȘȍȑȈșȐ ȔțȌȝȈȕȈȔ ȠȘȍȑȈ ȥȊȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȍȌ ȐȝȈ ȐȚȐ ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈȔ ȈȒȝȑȈȕȈȔ ȒȘȐȗȈȑȈ ȔțȕȐȕȈ ȒȘȐȚȈȔ șȚȘȐ - ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ; ȠțȌȘȈ - ȒȓȈșș ȘȈȉȖȟȐȝ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝțȕȈȔ - ȌȘțȏȤȧ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ; ȚȘȈȑȐ - ȚȘȐ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȠȘțȚȐ-ȋȖȟȈȘȈ - Ȍȓȧ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ; ȒȈȘȔȈ - Ȋ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȠȘȍȑȈșȐ - ȘȈȌȐ ȉȓȈȋȈ; ȔțȌȝȈȕȈȔ - ȋȓțȗȞȖȊ; ȠȘȍȑȈȝ - ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȥȊȈȔ - ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȉȝȈȊȍȚ - ȌȖșȚȐȋȓȐ; ȐȝȈ - ȥȚȐȔ; ȐȚȐ - ȚȈȒ ȌțȔȈȧ; ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȈȧ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ»; ȈȒȝȑȈȕȈȔ - ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȍ șȖȉȣȚȐȧ; ȒȘȐȗȈȑȈ - Ȑȏ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ; ȔțȕȐȕȈ - ȔțȕȐ; ȒȘȐȚȈȔ - șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȈ. ǬȊȐȎȐȔȣȑ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȍȔ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ȘȍȠȐȓ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖ ȞȍȓȍșȖȖȉȘȈȏȕȖ, ȐȉȖ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȐȚ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȞȍȓȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǰ ȗȖȚȖȔț Ȗȕ șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚț», ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕ, ȠțȌȘ Ȑ ȌȘțȏȍȑ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǬȘțȏȤȧ șȍȔȍȑ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ - ȥȚȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ Ȋ șȍȔȤȧȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ Ȑ ȊȈȑȠȤȍȊ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ Ȋ șȍȔȤȧȝ, ȝȘȈȕȧȡȐȝ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȐ, ȕȖ șȈȔ ȖȒȈȏȈȓșȧ ȕȍȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȔ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȘȍȌȒȖȊ. ǺȈȒȐȝ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȊ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȦȚ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔȐ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ț ȕȐȝ ȕȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȑ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȟȐșȚȖȚȣ. ǶȟȐșȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȉȘȧȌȣ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȚșȧ ȍȡȍ ȌȖ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ. ǶȟȐșȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ ȖȉȘȧȌ ȊȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ șȍȔȍȕȐ ȕȖșȐȚ ȕȈȏȊȈȕȐȍ ȋȈȘȉȝȈȌȝȈȕȈ-șȈȔșȒȈȘȈ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȖȠȍȓ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȋȈȘȉȝȈȌȝȈȕȈ-șȈȔșȒȈȘț, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȗȘȖȞȍșș ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȓȈȕȐȘȖȊȈȕȐȧ șȍȔȤȐ, ȕȍ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȔ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȔ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ. ǯȈ ȋȈȘȉȝȈȌȝȈȕȈ-șȈȔșȒȈȘȖȑ șȓȍȌțȦȚ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȉȘȧȌȣ, ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȖȉȘȧȌ ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȐȧ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȠȕțȘȈ. ȅȚȖ ȌȍȓȈȍȚșȧ ȊȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȑ șȈȔșȒȈȘȣ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ș ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȖșȕȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ. ǷȍȘȊȣȔ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍȔ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ șȈȔșȒȈȘȈ ȊȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ șȍȔȍȕȐ, Ȉ ȊȚȖȘȣȔ - ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȍ (ȐȕȐȞȐȈȞȐȧ). ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȔȖȋ ȗȘȖȑȚȐ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȊȈȎȕȣȍ șȈȔșȒȈȘȣ, ȐȔȍȍȚ ȗȘȈȊȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȚȤșȧ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȔ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔ. ǭșȓȐ ȖȚȍȞ Ȑ ȔȈȚȤ ȕȍ șȖȉȓȦȌȈȦȚ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȓȈȕȐȘȖȊȈȕȐȧ șȍȔȤȐ Ȑ ȏȈȟȐȕȈȦȚ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȈ, ȌȊȐȎȐȔȣȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȚȘȈșȚȤȦ, Ȑȝ ȌȍȚȐ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȌȊȐȌȎȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝț. ȅȚȐ ȌȊȐȌȎȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝț, ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȕȍ ȚȈȒ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣ, ȒȈȒ ȌȍȚȐ Ȑȏ ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȐȝ șȍȔȍȑ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ. ǬȊȐȌȎȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝț ȗȘȐȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔ Ȑ ȠțȌȘȈȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣ ȗȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ. ȀțȌȘȣ Ȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ ȕȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȣ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ șȈȔșȒȈȘ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȖȉȘȧȌȈ ȉȘȈȒȖșȖȟȍȚȈȕȐȧ. dzȦȌȐ ș ȕȐȏȒȐȔ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚȖȔ - ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ, ȠțȌȘȣ Ȑ ȕȍȌȖșȚȖȑȕȣȍ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȐ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȒȈșȚ - ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔȐ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȞȍȓȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ǪȍȌ, Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȕȐȝ ȉȣȓȈ șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȈ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ». ǾȍȓȤ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȣ» - ȗȖȌȊȍșȚȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȓ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȦ ȞȍȓȐ ǪȍȌ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ» ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ ȒȘȈȚȒȖȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ - «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚț». dzȦȌȍȑ ș ȕȐȏȒȐȔ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚȖȔ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșțȦȚ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ, ȕȍȎȍȓȐ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȧ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȓ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ ǪȍȌ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ». ǰ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȗȓȈȕȍ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȕȐ șȖȚȘțȌȕȐȟȈȓȐ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȗȈȌȠȐȝ ȌțȠ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ. «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȈ» - șțȚȤ ȊșȍȋȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǵȈȘȧȌț ș ǻȗȈȕȐȠȈȌȈȔȐ ȖȕȈ 157


158 ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȒȕȐȋȖȑ, șȖȌȍȘȎȈȡȍȑ ȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȍ șȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȧȝ. ǼȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ ȔȖȋțȚ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ țȎȍ ȗȘȖȠȍȓ ȗȍȘȊțȦ șȚțȗȍȕȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȧ. Ǫ șȜȍȘț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȐȓȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȖȑȚȐ ȓȐȠȤ «ȈșȗȐȘȈȕȚ» ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȕȈțȒȐ. ȅȚȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȈȧ ȕȈțȒȈ, Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȔ ȗȘȖȜȍșșȖȘȖȔ ȥȚȖȑ ȕȈțȒȐ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȖȉȘȈȏȍ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȐ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț. ǰ Țȍ, ȒȖȋȖ Ȗȕ ȕȈȌȍȓȐȓ ȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȐȧȔȐ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȚȤ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȥȊȈȔ ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȈșȑȈ șȈȌȈ ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ ȠȘȍȑȈșȐ ȌȊȐȌȎȈȝ șȈȘȊȈȚȔȈȒȍȕȈȗȐ ȑȈȌȈ ȕȈȚțȠȑȈȌ ȌȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ ȚȈȚȈȝ ȥȊȈȔ - ȚȈȒ; ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȈșȑȈ - ȏȈȕȧȚȣȑ; șȈȌȈ - ȊșȍȋȌȈ; ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ - ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ; ȠȘȍȑȈșȐ - ȊȣșȠȐȔ ȉȓȈȋȖȔ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȝ - Ȗ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ; șȈȘȊȈȚȔȈȒȍȕȈ ȈȗȐ ȊșȍȔȐ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈȔȐ; ȑȈȌȈ - ȒȖȋȌȈ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȈȚțȠȑȈȚ - țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȓșȧ; ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȔ - țȔ; ȚȈȚȈȝ - ȚȖȋȌȈ. Ƕ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȗȕ ȚȘțȌȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ Ȗȕ ȖșȚȈȊȈȓșȧ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȓ ȌȖȊȖȓȍȕ șȖȉȖȑ, ȝȖȚȧ șȖȏȌȈȊȈȓ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȐ ȘȈȊȕȣȍ ǪȍȌȈȔ, Ȑ ȌȍȓȈȓ ȥȚȖ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. Ƕȕ ȖȎȐȌȈȓ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȍȔț țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ, ȕȖ Ȗȕ ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȕȍ ȖȉȘȍȓ ȍȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȕȈȚȐȗȘȈșȐȌȈȌ ȌȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȝ șȈȘȈșȊȈȚȑȈș ȚȈȚȍ ȠțȟȈț ȊȐȚȈȘȒȈȑȈȕ ȊȐȊȐȒȚȈ-șȚȝȈ ȐȌȈȔ ȟȖȊȈȟȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȐȚ ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȈȚȐȗȘȈșȐȌȈȚ - ȖȟȍȕȤ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȑ; ȝȘȐȌȈȑȈȝ - Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ; șȈȘȈșȊȈȚȑȈȝ ȘȍȒȐ ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ; ȚȈȚȍ - ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț; ȠțȟȈț - ȖȟȐșȚȐȊȠȐșȤ; ȊȐȚȈȘȒȈȑȈȕ ȗȖȘȈȏȔȣșȓȐȊ; ȊȐȊȐȒȚȈ-șȚȝȈȝ - ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȧ Ȋ țȍȌȐȕȍȕȕȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ; ȐȌȈȔ ȟȈ - ȚȈȒȎȍ ȥȚȖ; țȊȈȟȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȊȐȚ - ȏȕȈȦȡȐȑ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ. Ǫ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȚȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ șȚȈȓ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȚȤ, ȐȉȖ ȍȔț ȉȣȓȈ ȊȍȌȖȔȈ șțȚȤ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. Ƕȕ șȒȈȏȈȓ șȍȉȍ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǴțȌȘȍȞ șȚȈȓ ȐșȒȈȚȤ ȗȘȐȟȐȕț șȊȖȍȑ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǬȖ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ, ȗȖȒȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ ȖȉȘȍȚȍȚ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȋȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǰșȚȖȟȕȐȒ ȥȚȖȋȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȕțȎȕȖ ȐșȒȈȚȤ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺȃ 28-29 158


159 ȌȝȘȐȚȈ-ȊȘȈȚȍȕȈ ȝȐ ȔȈȑȈ ȟȝȈȕȌȈȔșȐ ȋțȘȈȊȖ 'ȋȕȈȑȈȝ ȔȈȕȐȚȈ ȕȐȘȊȑȈȓȐȒȍȕȈ ȋȘȐȝȐȚȈȔ ȟȈȕțȠȈșȈȕȈȔ ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ-ȊȑȈȗȈȌȍȠȍȕȈ ȝȑ ȈȔȕȈȑȈȘȚȝȈȠ ȟȈ ȗȘȈȌȈȘȠȐȚȈȝ ȌȘȐȠȑȈȚȍ ȑȈȚȘȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȌȐ șȚȘȐ-ȠțȌȘȈȌȐȉȝȐȘ Ȉȗȑ țȚȈ ȌȝȘȐȚȈ-ȊȘȈȚȍȕȈ - șȖȉȓȦȌȈȧ șȚȘȖȋȐȍ ȖȉȍȚȣ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȔȈȑȈ - ȔȕȖȑ; ȟȝȈȕȌȈȔșȐ - ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȋȐȔȕȣ; ȋțȘȈȊȈȝ - ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ; ȈȋȕȈȑȈȝ - ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȋȖȕȤ; ȔȈȕȐȚȈȝ - ȌȖȓȎȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ; ȕȐȘȊȑȈȓȐȒȍȕȈ - ȉȍșȗȘȍȒȖșȓȖȊȕȖ; ȋȘȐȝȐȚȈȔ ȟȈ - Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ; ȈȕțȠȈșȈȕȈȔ - ȚȘȈȌȐȞȐȖȕȕȖȍ ȖȉțȟȍȕȐȍ; ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚț»; ȊȑȈȗȈȌȍȠȍȕȈ - șȖșȚȈȊȐȊ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȔȕȈȑȈ-ȈȘȚȝȈȝ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȗȘȈȌȈȘȠȐȚȈȝ - ȌȖȓȎȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ; ȌȘȐȠȑȈȚȍ - ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ; ȑȈȚȘȈ - ȋȌȍ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȈȌȐȝ - ȗțȚȤ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ; șȚȘȐ-ȠțȌȘȈ-ȈȌȐȉȝȐȝ ȈȗȐ - ȌȈȎȍ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ, ȠțȌȘȣ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ.; țȚȈ - șȒȈȏȈȕȖ. ȇ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ ǪȍȌȈȔ, ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ Ȑ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȔț ȈȓȚȈȘȦ, șȖȉȓȦȌȈȧ Ȋșȍ șȚȘȖȋȐȍ ȖȉȍȚȣ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ. ȇ ȗȘȐȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȓșȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ Ȑ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȓ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, șȖșȚȈȊȐȊ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚț», ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȌȈȎȍ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ, ȠțȌȘȣ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȍ [ȌȘțȏȤȧ ȌȊȈȎȌȣȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ] ȔȖȋțȚ ȊșȚȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ șȔȣșȓ ǪȍȌ, ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȧ șȚȘȖȋȐȔ ȖȉȍȚȈȔ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈ Ȓ ȞȍȗȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǺȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȝȖȟȍȚ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǪȍȌȣ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ǪȍȌȈȔ, ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȧȔ Ȑ ȎȍȘȚȊȍȕȕȖȔț ȖȋȕȦ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȐ ȚȖȕȒȖșȚȐ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȔțȌȘȖșȚȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȘȈșșȔȈȚȘȐȊȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȍ», ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȑȝ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ, ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ șȖșȓȖȊȐȧ ȘȈȉȖȟȐȝ Ȑ ȕȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȟȓȍȕȣ șȍȔȍȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ, ȒȠȈȚȘȐȍȊ Ȑ ȊȈȑȠȤȍȊ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ» ȐȋȘȈȍȚ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȈȎȕțȦ ȘȖȓȤ, ȟȍȔ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȍ ǪȍȌȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 ȚȈȚȝȈȗȐ ȉȈȚȈ Ȕȍ ȌȈȐȝȑȖ ȝȑ ȈȚȔȈ ȟȈȐȊȈȚȔȈȕȈ ȊȐȉȝțȝ ȈșȈȔȗȈȕȕȈ ȐȊȈȉȝȈȚȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȈȘȟȈșȑȈ șȈȚȚȈȔȈȝ ȚȈȚȝȈȗȐ - ȝȖȚȧ; ȉȈȚȈ - ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȖȒ; Ȕȍ - ȔȖȑ; ȌȈȐȝȑȈȝ - ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȧ Ȋ Țȍȓȍ; ȝȐ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȚȔȈ - ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȥȊȈ - ȌȈȎȍ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈ - ȧ șȈȔ; ȊȐȉȝțȝ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȣȑ; ȈșȈȔȗȈȕȕȈȝ - ȓȐȠȍȕȕȣȑ; ȐȊȈ ȈȉȝȈȚȐ - ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȊȈȘȟȈșȑȈ - Ȑȏ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȐșȚȖȊ; șȈȚȚȈȔȈȝ - ȊȣșȠȐȑ. ȇ ȟțȊșȚȊțȦ, ȟȚȖ Ȕȕȍ ȟȍȋȖ-ȚȖ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȍȚ, ȝȖȚȧ ȧ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦ ȊșȍȔ, ȟȚȖ, șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ǪȍȌȈȔ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȊșȍȋȖ, ȟȍȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ 159


160 ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ǪȍȌ. ǩȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȦ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȝ ǪȍȌȈȔȐ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕȕȖȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȦ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤșȧ, ȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ șȈȔȖȍ ȊȣșȖȒȖȍ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ. ǷȖȒȈ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋȕȍȚ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȞȍȓȐ, ȖȕȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȍșȚȤ Ȋșȍ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȒȈȏȈȓȖșȤ, țȗțșȚȐȓ șȈȔȖȍ ȋȓȈȊȕȖȍ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȓ ȟțȊșȚȊȖ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȖșȚȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 31 ȒȐȔ ȊȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ ȕȈ ȗȘȈȑȍȕȈ ȕȐȘțȗȐȚȈȝ ȗȘȐȑȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔșȈȕȈȔ ȚȈ ȥȊȈ ȝȑ ȈȟȑțȚȈ-ȗȘȐȑȈȝ ȒȐȔ ȊȈ - ȐȓȐ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ - ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȗȘȈȑȍȕȈ - ȗȖȟȚȐ; ȕȐȘțȗȐȚȈȝ - țȒȈȏȈȕȈ; ȗȘȐȑȈȝ - ȌȖȘȖȋȈȧ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔșȈȕȈȔ - șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ; Țȍ ȥȊȈ - ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȟȑțȚȈ - ȕȍȗȖȋȘȍȠȐȔȖȔț; ȗȘȐȑȈȝ - ȗȘȐȚȧȋȈȚȍȓȤȕȈȧ. ǪȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȒȘȖȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȧ ȕȍ ȊȣȌȍȓȐȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȍȚ Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, Ȑ ȕȍȗȖȋȘȍȠȐȔȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ șȈȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȗ șȊȖȍȑ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍȔ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǷȖȒȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȚșȧ Ȋ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȕȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȕȐ Ȗȕ șȈȔ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȣ. ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȓ șȊȖȍ țȗțȡȍȕȐȍ, Ȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȖȔȍȕȚ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȓ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ. ȅȚȖ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 32 ȚȈșȑȈȐȊȈȔ ȒȝȐȓȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȔȈȕȑȈȔȈȕȈșȑȈ ȒȝȐȌȑȈȚȈȝ ȒȘȐȠȕȈșȑȈ ȕȈȘȈȌȖ 'ȉȝȑȈȋȈȌ ȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ ȗȘȈȋ țȌȈȝȘȐȚȈȔ ȚȈșȑȈ - ȍȋȖ; ȥȊȈȔ - ȚȈȒ; ȒȝȐȓȈȔ - ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ - ȌțȠȈ; ȔȈȕȑȈȔȈȕȈșȑȈ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȧ; ȒȝȐȌȑȈȚȈȝ - șȖȒȘțȠȈȧșȤ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈșȑȈ - DzȘȐȠȕȣ-ȌȊȈȐȗȈȑȈȕȣ ǪȑȈșȣ; ȕȈȘȈȌȈȝ ȈȉȝȑȈȋȈȚ - ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ ȚțȌȈ; ȈȠȘȈȔȈȔ - ȝȐȎȐȕȈ; ȗȘȈȒ - ȘȈȕȍȍ; țȌȈȝȘȐȚȈȔ - șȒȈȏȈȓ. DzȈȒ țȎȍ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȓȖșȤ, ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȗȖȌȖȠȍȓ Ȓ ȝȐȎȐȕȍ DzȘȐȠȕȣ-ȌȊȈȐȗȈȑȈȕȣ ǪȑȈșȣ, ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȖȑ ȕȈ ȉȍȘȍȋț ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ, Ȋ ȚȖȚ ȔȖȔȍȕȚ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ șȖȒȘțȠȈȓșȧ Ȗ șȊȖȍȔ ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷțșȚȖȚȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȖȡțȡȈȓ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȕȍ ȉȣȓȈ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍȔ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȒȈ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ. ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ - ȥȚȖ ȟȐșȚȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȕȍȌȖșȚțȗȕȖȍ ȔȖȕȐșȚț. ǴȖȕȐșȚȣ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȟȐșȓȧȦȚșȧ Ȓ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔșȈȔ (șȈȔȣȔ 160


161 șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ Ȑȏ ȗȘȐȕȧȊȠȐȝ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȔȐȘȈ). «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȐȏȖȉȐȓțȍȚ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȔȐ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǽȖȚȧ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȉȣȓ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍȔ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȖșȖȉȣȔȐ ȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȐȧȔȐ, Ȗȕ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȓ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖșȚȤ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȕȐ Ȋ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑȏ șȊȖȐȝ ȘȈȉȖȚ ȕȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ ȌȖȓȎȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǹȈȔ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȊȓȖȎȐȓ ȊȌȖȝȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ, ȒȈȒ țȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓȖșȤ, ȖȡțȡȈȓ ȗțșȚȖȚț. ǯȌȍșȤ ȕȍȌȊțșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȉȍȏ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȋșȍ ȉȍșșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȖ Ȑ ȗțșȚȖ, Ȉ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȋșȍ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȖșȧȏȈȍȔȖȑ ȘȍȈȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȐ ȌȖȗȖȓȕȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȕȐ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȕȐ ȥȔȗȐȘȐȟȍșȒȐȔ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȔ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 33 ȚȈȔ ȈȉȝȐȌȎȕȈȑȈ șȈȝȈșȈ ȗȘȈȚȑțȚȚȝȈȑȈȋȈȚȈȔ ȔțȕȐȝ ȗțȌȎȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ ȊȐȌȝȐȊȈȕ ȕȈȘȈȌȈȔ șțȘȈ-ȗțȌȎȐȚȈȔ ȚȈȔ ȈȉȝȐȌȎȕȈȑȈ - ȘȈșȞȍȕȐȊ ȍȋȖ (ǵȈȘȈȌȣ) ȗȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȒȈȒ ȌȖȉȘȣȑ ȏȕȈȒ; șȈȝȈșȈ ȊȕȍȏȈȗȕȖȍ; ȗȘȈȚȑțȚȚȝȈȑȈ - ȊșȚȈȊ; ȈȋȈȚȈȔ - ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ț; ȔțȕȐȝ - ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ; ȗțȌȎȈȑȈȔ ȈșȈ - ȖȒȈȏȈȓ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ; ȊȐȌȝȐ-ȊȈȚ - ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȍ, ȒȈȒȖȍ Ȗȕ ȖȒȈȏȈȓ ȉȣ ǪȐȌȝȐ (ǩȘȈȝȔȍ); ȕȈȘȈȌȈȔ - ǵȈȘȈȌȍ; șțȘȈ-ȗțȌȎȐȚȈȔ - ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȐ. ǷȘȐ ȗȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȐ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȌȖȉȘȣȔ ȏȕȈȒȖȔ, ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȗȖȌȕȧȓșȧ Ȑ șȒȓȖȕȐȓșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌ ȕȐȔ ș ȚȈȒȐȔ ȉȓȈȋȖȋȖȊȍȕȐȍȔ, ș ȒȈȒȐȔ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȐȓșȧ ȉȣ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȌȎȐ, ȚȊȖȘȞț ǪșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȓȖȊȖ ȊȐȌȝȐ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ǩȘȈȝȔț, ȗȍȘȊȖȍ Ȑȏ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. Ƕȕ - ȗȍȘȊȣȑ țȟȍȕȐȒ Ȑ ȗȍȘȊȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȖȚ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȑ ȗȍȘȊȣȔ, ȒȖȔț Ȗȕ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȓ ȍȋȖ, ȉȣȓ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȚȖȘȣȔ ȈȟȈȘȤȍȑ Ȋ ȞȍȗȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. Ƕȕ - ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȍȋȖ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ, ȒȈȒ șȈȔȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔț, ȖȚȞȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȐȌȝȐ (ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȑ). ǰ Ȋșȍȝ ȌȘțȋȐȝ țȟȍȕȐȒȖȊ Ȋ ȞȍȗȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȝșȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȗȍȘȊȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȕȈȘȈȊȕȍ ș ȕȐȔ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǷȍȘȊȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ȇȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ».

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Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɩɹɬɚɹ. ɇɚɪɚɞɚ ɞɚɟɬ ȼɶɹɫɚɞɟɜɟ ɧɚɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨ ɒɪɢɦɚɞ-Ȼɯɚɝɚɜɚɬɚɦ ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 șțȚȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȈȚȝȈ ȚȈȔ șțȒȝȈȔ ȈșȐȕȈ țȗȈșȐȕȈȔ ȉȘȐȝȈȟ-ȟȝȘȈȊȈȝ ȌȍȊȈȘȠȐȝ ȗȘȈȝȈ ȊȐȗȘȈȘȠȐȔ ȊȐȕȈ-ȗȈȕȐȝ șȔȈȑȈȕȕ ȐȊȈ șțȚȈȝ - ǹțȚȈ; țȊȈȟȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈȚȝȈ - ȚȈȒ; ȚȈȔ - ȍȔț; șțȒȝȈȔ ȈșȐȕȈȝ - țȌȖȉȕȖ țșȍȊȠȐșȤ; țȗȈșȐȕȈȔ - șȐȌȍȊȠȍȔț ȘȧȌȖȔ; ȉȘȐȝȈȚ-ȠȘȈȊȈȝ - ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ ȗȖȟȐȚȈȍȔȣȑ; ȌȍȊȈȘȠȐȝ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȘȐȠȐ șȘȍȌȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; ȗȘȈȝȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȊȐȗȘȈȘȠȐȔ - ȘȐȠȐ șȘȍȌȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; ȊȐȕȈ-ȗȈȕȐȝ - ȌȍȘȎȈȡȐȑ Ȋ ȘțȒȍ ȊȐȕț; șȔȈȑȈȕ ȐȊȈ - țȓȣȉȈȧșȤ. ǹțȚȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǻȌȖȉȕȖ ȘȈșȗȖȓȖȎȐȊȠȐșȤ Ȑ ȕȍ șȒȘȣȊȈȧ țȓȣȉȒȐ, ȔțȌȘȍȞ șȘȍȌȐ ȉȖȋȖȊ [ǵȈȘȈȌȈ] ȖȉȘȈȚȐȓșȧ Ȓ ȘȐȠȐ șȘȍȌȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ [ǪȍȌȈȊȑȈșȍ]. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȈȘȈȌȈ țȓȣȉȈȓșȧ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ ǪȍȌȈȊȑȈșț Ȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕț ȍȋȖ ȘȈȏȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȕȐȧ. DzȈȒ Ȗȕ ȊȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȐ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚ, ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȉȣȓ ȘȈȏȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȕ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ ȕȍ țȌȍȓȐȓ ȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ ȕȈțȒȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȏȕȈȓ Ȗ ȍȋȖ țȗțȡȍȕȐȐ, Ȑ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ șȈȔȖȋȖ ǪȑȈșȣ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȓȖ ȥȚȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȕȈȘȈȌȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȗȈȘȈȠȈȘȑȈ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈȝ ȒȈȟȟȐȌ ȈȚȔȈȕȈ ȗȈȘȐȚțȠȑȈȚȐ ȠȈȘȐȘȈ ȈȚȔȈ ȔȈȕȈșȈ ȥȊȈ ȊȈ ȕȈȘȈȌȈȝ - ǵȈȘȈȌȈ; țȊȈȟȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȗȈȘȈȠȈȘȑȈ - Ȗ șȣȕ ǷȈȘȈȠȈȘȣ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈ șȈȔȣȑ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣȑ; ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈȝ - ȚȊȖȐ; ȒȈȟȟȐȚ - ȘȈȏȊȍ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈ - șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ; ȗȈȘȐȚțȠȑȈȚȐ - țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȍȚ ȓȐ; ȠȈȘȐȘȈȝ - ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȚȍȓȈ; ȈȚȔȈ - șȍȉȧ; ȔȈȕȈșȈȝ - ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȍȕȐȍ țȔȈ; ȥȊȈ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȊȈ - Ȑ. ǶȉȘȈȡȈȧșȤ Ȓ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ, șȣȕț ǷȈȘȈȠȈȘȣ, ǵȈȘȈȌȈ șȗȘȖșȐȓ: ǻȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕ ȓȐ Țȣ, ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȧȧ șȍȉȧ ș ȚȍȓȖȔ Ȑ țȔȖȔ ȒȈȒ ș ȖȉȢȍȒȚȈȔȐ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǯȌȍșȤ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȕȈȔȍȒȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȗȘȐȟȐȕț țȕȣȕȐȧ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ. DzȈȒ ȗȖȚȖȔȖȒ ǷȈȘȈȠȈȘȣ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ, ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȐȔȍȓ ȗȘȍȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȊȣșȖȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȉȣ ȊȗȈȌȈȚȤ Ȋ țȕȣȕȐȍ. DzȈȒ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ șȣȕ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ, ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȧȚȤ șȍȉȧ ș ȚȍȓȖȔ ȐȓȐ țȔȖȔ. ǶȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ șȒțȌȕȣȔȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȐȓȐ țȔ ȏȈ șȈȔȖȋȖ șȍȉȧ, ȕȖ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ ȚȈȒ ȌțȔȈȚȤ ȕȍ 162


163 ȗȖȌȖȉȈȓȖ. ǵȈȠȈ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ ȚȈȒȖȊȈ, ȟȚȖ Ȕȣ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȔ ȉȣȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȍȘȈȌȖșȚȕȣȔȐ, ȗȖȒȈ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȍȔ șȊȖȦ șțȡȕȖșȚȤ, ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț Țȍȓț Ȑ țȔț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 ȌȎȐȌȎȕȈșȐȚȈȔ șțșȈȔȗȈȕȕȈȔ ȈȗȐ Țȍ ȔȈȝȈȌ-ȈȌȉȝțȚȈȔ ȒȘȐȚȈȊȈȕ ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈȔ ȑȈș ȚȊȈȔ șȈȘȊȈȘȚȝȈ-ȗȈȘȐȉȘȐȔȝȐȚȈȔ ȌȎȐȌȎȕȈșȐȚȈȔ - Ȋșȍ țȏȕȈȓ; șțșȈȔȗȈȕȕȈȔ - ȊȍșȤȔȈ șȊȍȌțȡ; ȈȗȐ - ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ; Țȍ ȚȊȖȐ; ȔȈȝȈȚ-ȈȌȉȝțȚȈȔ - ȊȍȓȐȒțȦ Ȑ țȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕțȦ; ȒȘȐȚȈȊȈȕ - șȖșȚȈȊȐȓ; ȉȝȈȘȈȚȈȔ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚț»; ȑȈȝ ȚȊȈȔ - ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ Țȣ șȌȍȓȈȓ; șȈȘȊȈ-ȈȘȚȝȈ - ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ Ȋșȍ ȗțȚȐ; ȗȈȘȐȉȘȐȔȝȐȚȈȔ - ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȕȣȍ. Ǻȣ ȐșșȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ Ȋșȍ, Ȑ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȚȊȖȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣ. ǵȍȚ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȑ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Țȣ șȖȏȌȈȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ Ȑ ȏȈȔȍȟȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ - «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚț», Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȌȍȚȈȓȤȕȖ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȣ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȘȖȞȍȌțȘȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǻȕȣȕȐȍ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍȔ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȒȈ ȏȕȈȕȐȑ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȗȕ Ȋ ȋȖȌȣ șȊȖȍȋȖ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ ȊȣȧșȕȐȓ Ȋșȍ Ȗ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, Ȋ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ ȟȍȋȖ ȗȖȧȊȐȓȈșȤ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ», Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ ȗȖȓȕȖȍ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȌȎȐȌȎȕȈșȐȚȈȔ ȈȌȝȐȚȈȔ ȟȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ ȑȈȚ ȚȈȚ șȈȕȈȚȈȕȈȔ ȚȈȚȝȈȗȐ ȠȖȟȈșȑ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȈȒȘȐȚȈȘȚȝȈ ȐȊȈ ȗȘȈȉȝȖ ȌȎȐȌȎȕȈșȐȚȈȔ - ȒȈȒ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȖȉȌțȔȈȓ; ȈȌȝȐȚȈȔ - ȖȉȘȍȚȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ - ǨȉșȖȓȦȚ; ȑȈȚ - ȟȚȖ; ȚȈȚ - ȚȖȚ; șȈȕȈȚȈȕȈȔ - Ȋȍȟȕȣȑ; ȚȈȚȝȈȗȐ - ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ; ȠȖȟȈșȐ - țȒȖȘȧȧ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ - șȍȉȧ; ȈȒȘȐȚȈ-ȈȘȚȝȈȝ - Ȋ ȕȍșȌȍȓȈȕȕȖȔ; ȐȊȈ - ȒȈȒ; ȗȘȈȉȝȖ - ȔȖȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ. Ǻȣ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȓ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȊȣȚȍȒȈȦȡȍȍ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǷȖȟȍȔț Ȏȍ, ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ ȗȘȈȉȝț, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ, Țȣ ȚȈȒ șȖȒȘțȠȈȍȠȤșȧ, șȟȐȚȈȧ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȏȈȊȍȘȠȐȓ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌȍȓȈ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȈ», ȐȓȐ «ǩȘȈȝȔȈ-șțȚȘȈ», șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȟȍȘȗȣȊȈȦȡȐȔ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍȔ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȋȖ ȈșȗȍȒȚȈ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȈ Ȑ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȈ șȈȔȣȔ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȔ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍȔ Ȋ ȔȐȘȍ. «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈșțȚȘȈ» ȐșșȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊȍȟȕȖșȚȤ, Ȑ ȔȍȚȖȌȣ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȐșșȓȍȌȖȊȈȕȐȧ ȕȈțȟȕȣ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȑ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧȝ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ. ǵȖ ȟȚȖ Ȏȍ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȍȋȖ șȒȖȘȉȐ? ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 163


164 ȊȑȈșȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȈșȚȑ ȥȊȈ Ȕȍ șȈȘȊȈȔ ȐȌȈȔ ȚȊȈȑȖȒȚȈȔ ȚȈȚȝȈȗȐ ȕȈȚȔȈ ȗȈȘȐȚțȠȑȈȚȍ Ȕȍ ȚȈȕ-ȔțȓȈȔ ȈȊȑȈȒȚȈȔ ȈȋȈȌȝȈ-ȉȖȌȝȈȔ ȗȘȐȟȟȝȈȔȈȝȍ ȚȊȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȔ ȊȑȈșȈȝ - ǪȑȈșȈ; țȊȈȟȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȈșȚȐ - ȍșȚȤ; ȥȊȈ - ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ; Ȕȍ - ȔȖȐ; șȈȘȊȈȔ Ȋșȍ; ȐȌȈȔ - ȥȚȖ; ȚȊȈȑȈ - ȚȖȉȖȑ; țȒȚȈȔ - ȕȈȏȊȈȕȕȖȍ; ȚȈȚȝȈȗȐ - Ȑ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȈȚȔȈ - ȌțȠț; ȗȈȘȐȚțȠȑȈȚȍ - țșȗȖȒȈȐȊȈȍȚ; Ȕȍ - Ȕȕȍ; ȚȈȚ - ȒȈȒȖȑ; ȔțȓȈȔ - ȒȖȘȍȕȤ; ȈȊȑȈȒȚȈȔ - șȒȘȣȚȣȑ; ȈȋȈȌȝȈ-ȉȖȌȝȈȔ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ; ȗȘȐȟȟȝȈȔȈȝȍ - șȗȘȈȠȐȊȈȦ; ȚȊȈ - ț Țȍȉȧ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈ - șȈȔȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȋȖ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȈȔ - ȗȖȚȖȔȖȒ. ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ǫșȍ, ȟȚȖ Țȣ șȒȈȏȈȓ ȖȉȖ Ȕȕȍ, șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȍȚ ȐșȚȐȕȍ, ȕȖ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ, ȧ ȕȍșȗȖȒȖȍȕ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȧ ȗȘȖȠț Țȍȉȧ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚȤ Ȕȕȍ ȖșȕȖȊȕțȦ ȗȘȐȟȐȕț ȔȖȍȑ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȊȍȌȤ ȚȊȖȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȣ, ȐȉȖ Țȣ ȧȊȓȧȍȠȤșȧ ȗȖȚȖȔȒȖȔ șȈȔȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȖȋȖ [ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȍȋȖ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ ȖȚȞȈ Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ]. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ Ȋșȍ ȖȌȍȘȎȐȔȣ ȐȌȍȍȑ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȈ ș ȚȍȓȖȔ ȐȓȐ țȔȖȔ. ǪșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȋșȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȕȖȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ ȓȐȉȖ Ȓ Țȍȓț, ȓȐȉȖ Ȓ țȔț, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȋȓȈȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȊșȍȖȉȡȍȑ ȕȍțȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȖșȚȐ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȈȓȍȒȖ ȕȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȖȉȕȈȘțȎȐȊȈȍȚ ȍȍ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȖȉȠȐȘȕȣ Ȑ ȋȓțȉȖȒȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȈȒ ȗȖȓȍȏȕȖ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȔț ǵȈȘȈȌȍ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȣȧȊȐȚȤ ȒȖȘȍȕȕțȦ ȗȘȐȟȐȕț ȓȦȉȖȋȖ țȕȣȕȐȧ. ǷȖȟȍȔț șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȖ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ Ȓ ǵȈȘȈȌȍ, ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ ȕȐȎȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 șȈ ȊȈȐ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȊȍȌȈ șȈȔȈșȚȈ-ȋțȝȑȈȔ țȗȈșȐȚȖ ȑȈȚ ȗțȘțȠȈȝ ȗțȘȈȕȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȊȈȘȍȠȖ ȔȈȕȈșȈȐȊȈ ȊȐȠȊȈȔ șȘȐȌȎȈȚȑ ȈȊȈȚȑ ȈȚȚȐ ȋțȕȈȐȘ ȈșȈȕȋȈȝ șȈȝ - ȚȈȒ; ȊȈȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕ - Țȣ; ȊȍȌȈ - ȏȕȈȍȠȤ; șȈȔȈșȚȈ ȊșȍȖȝȊȈȚȣȊȈȦȡȍȍ; ȋțȝȑȈȔ - șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȍ; țȗȈșȐȚȈȝ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ; ȑȈȚ - ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ; ȗțȘțȠȈȝ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗțȘȈȕȈȝ - șȚȈȘȍȑȠȍȋȖ; ȗȈȘȈȊȈȘȍȠȈȝ - ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȔȐȘȖȊ; ȔȈȕȈșȈ - țȔ; ȥȊȈ - ȚȖȓȤȒȖ; ȊȐȠȊȈȔ - ȊșȍȓȍȕȕțȦ; șȘȐȌȎȈȚȐ - șȖȏȌȈȍȚ; ȈȊȈȚȐ ȈȚȚȐ - țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ; ȋțȕȈȐȝ - ȋțȕȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ; ȈșȈȕȋȈȝ ȕȍȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȑ. ǴȖȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ! Ǻȍȉȍ ȖȚȒȘȣȚȣ Ȋșȍ ȚȈȑȕȣ, ȐȉȖ Țȣ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȠȤșȧ șȖȏȌȈȚȍȓȦ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȐȚȍȓȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȝȘȈȕȐȚȍȓȦ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ Ȓ ȚȘȍȔ ȋțȕȈȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȏȈȕȧȚȣȑ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȓȐȞȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ, ȚȈȒȎȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȊșȍȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǫ șțȡȕȖșȚȐ, ȊȖșȍȔȤ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊ (ȈȠȚȈ-șȐȌȌȝȐ) șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȓȐȠȤ 164


165 ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȖ ȔȈȓțȦ ȟȈșȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȌȖșȚȖȧȕȐȑ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȑ ǵȈȘȈȌȍ, ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȊȖȍȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț, Ȓ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȔȖȎȍȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȟțȌȍșȈ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ - ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ Ȑ Ȗȕ ȕȍ ȘȈȊȍȕ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 ȚȊȈȔ ȗȈȘȑȈȚȈȕȕ ȈȘȒȈ ȐȊȈ ȚȘȐ-ȓȖȒȐȔ ȈȕȚȈȠ-ȟȈȘȖ ȊȈȑțȘ ȐȊȈȚȔȈ-șȈȒȠȐ ȗȈȘȈȊȈȘȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȚȖ ȊȘȈȚȈȐȝ șȕȈȚȈșȑȈ Ȕȍ ȕȑțȕȈȔ ȈȓȈȔ ȊȐȟȈȒȠȊȈ ȚȊȈȔ - Ȗ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ; ȗȈȘȑȈȚȈȕ - ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊțȧ; ȈȘȒȈȝ - șȖȓȕȞț; ȐȊȈ - ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ; ȚȘȐ ȓȖȒȐȔ - ȚȘȐ ȔȐȘȈ; ȈȕȚȈȝ-ȟȈȘȈȝ - ȔȖȎȍȠȤ ȗȘȖȕȐȒȕțȚȤ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ; ȊȈȑțȝ ȐȊȈ - ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȊșȍȗȘȖȕȐȒȈȦȡȍȔț ȊȖȏȌțȝț; ȈȚȔȈ - ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȑ șȍȉȧ; șȈȒȠȐ șȊȐȌȍȚȍȓȤ; ȗȈȘȈȊȈȘȍ - Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ Ȑ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ - Ȋ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȍ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈȚȈȝ - șȖȉȓȦȌȈȧ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȣȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ; ȊȘȈȚȈȐȝ - Ȋ ȖȉȍȚȈȝ; șȕȈȚȈșȑȈ ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕȕȖȔ; Ȕȍ - ȊȖ Ȕȕȍ; ȕȑțȕȈȔ - ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȖȒ; ȈȓȈȔ - ȖȚȟȍȚȓȐȊȖ; ȊȐȟȈȒȠȊȈ ȕȈȑȌȐ. Ƕ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ șȖȓȕȞț Țȣ ȔȖȎȍȠȤ șȚȘȈȕșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȊșȦȌț ȗȖ ȚȘȍȔ ȔȐȘȈȔ Ȑ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȊȖȏȌțȝț - ȗȘȖȕȐȒȈȚȤ Ȋ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ Țȣ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȘȈȊȍȕ ȊșȍȗȘȖȕȐȒȈȦȡȍȑ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, ȗȘȖȠț Țȍȉȧ, ȖȚȒȘȖȑ Ȕȕȍ, ȟȍȋȖ Ȕȕȍ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȈȍȚ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ ȟȚȖ, șȓȍȌțȧ ȊșȍȔ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔ Ȑ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȧ Ȋșȍ ȖȉȍȚȣ, ȧ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȈȔ, ȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȔȐȓȖșȍȘȌȐȍ, ȕȍȗȘȐȟȐȕȍȕȐȍ ȊȘȍȌȈ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ Ȑ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ ȗȘȐ șȖȉȓȦȌȍȕȐȐ șȚȘȖȋȐȝ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȚ ȗȖȓȤȏț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȠȘȐ-ȕȈȘȈȌȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈȕțȌȐȚȈ-ȗȘȈȑȈȔ ȑȈȠȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȖ 'ȔȈȓȈȔ ȑȍȕȈȐȊȈșȈț ȕȈ ȚțȠȑȍȚȈ ȔȈȕȑȍ ȚȈȌ ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ ȒȝȐȓȈȔ ȠȘȐ-ȕȈȘȈȌȈȝ - ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ; țȊȈȟȈ - șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈ - ȚȖȉȖȑ; ȈȕțȌȐȚȈ-ȗȘȈȑȈȔ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȕȍ ȊȖșȗȍȚȈ; ȑȈȠȈȝ - șȓȈȊȈ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȔȈȓȈȔ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȈȧ; ȑȍȕȈ - ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ; ȥȊȈ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈșȈț - ǭȋȖ (dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ); ȕȈ ȕȍ; ȚțȠȑȍȚȈ - ȉȣȚȤ ȌȖȊȖȓȤȕȣȔ; ȔȈȕȑȍ - ȧ ȌțȔȈȦ; ȚȈȚ - ȚȈ; ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȔ - ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȧ; ȒȝȐȓȈȔ - ȕȐȏȠȈȧ. ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ǻȣ ȜȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȕȍ ȊȖșȗȍȓ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕțȦ Ȑ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕțȦ șȓȈȊț dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǼȐȓȖșȖȜȐȧ, ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȦȡȈȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ 165


166 ȉȍșȗȖȓȍȏȕȖȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫȍȟȕȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌțȠȐ ș ǪȣșȠȍȑ ǬțȠȖȑ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, - ȥȚȖ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ șȓțȋȐ Ȑ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȓ ǹȍȉȧ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȖȚ ȕȐȝ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȕȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȒȈȒ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔ. ǻȟȍȕȣȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ șȖȏȌȈȓ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȑ, ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȝ șȖȉȖȑ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȊȍȕȞȖȔ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȧ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ», ȕȖ ȕȐ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȕȍ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȖ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǹțȝȖȍ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȖȍ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ, ȌȈȎȍ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȍ, ȔȈȓȖȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȖ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ - ȊȣșȠȈȧ șȚțȗȍȕȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǶșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȈ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ ȐȓȐ ȓȖȒȈȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȑ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ, ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȐ, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȚȖȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȒȈȒȖȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȧ ǭȋȖ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ. ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ - șȖșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȤ ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȣ. ǵȖ ȝȖȚȧ Ȗȕ Ȑ ȉȣȓ ȍȍ ȈȊȚȖȘȖȔ, ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȍșȓȖ ȍȔț ȔȐȘȈ. DzȈȒȖȍ Ȏȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖ ȔȖȋțȚ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȟȐȚȈȚȍȓȐ Ȑ șȓțȠȈȚȍȓȐ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ», ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȈ ȕȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȈ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȍȍ ȈȊȚȖȘȖȔ, ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ? ǪȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȊȖȏȕȐȒȓȈ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ șȈȔ ȈȊȚȖȘ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȈ-șțȚȘȣ» ȌȈȓ ȍȑ ȖȉȢȧșȕȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȑȈȚȝȈ ȌȝȈȘȔȈȌȈȑȈȠ ȟȈȘȚȝȈ ȔțȕȐ-ȊȈȘȑȈȕțȒȐȘȚȐȚȈȝ ȕȈ ȚȈȚȝȈ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈșȑȈ ȔȈȝȐȔȈ ȝȑ ȈȕțȊȈȘȕȐȚȈȝ ȑȈȚȝȈ - ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȈȌȈȑȈȝ - Ȋșȍ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȟȈ Ȑ; ȈȘȚȝȈȝ - ȞȍȓȐ; ȔțȕȐ-ȊȈȘȑȈ - ȚȖȉȖȑ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȔ; ȈȕțȒȐȘȚȐȚȈȝ ȔȕȖȋȖȒȘȈȚȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȕȣ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȚȈȚȝȈ - ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈșȑȈ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ; ȔȈȝȐȔȈ - șȓȈȊȈ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȕțȊȈȘȕȐȚȈȝ - ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚșȧ. Ƕ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ, ȝȖȚȧ Țȣ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȓ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȈ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȧ ș ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȝ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ, Țȣ ȕȍ ȖȗȐșȈȓ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ șȘȈȏț țșȚȈȕȖȊȐȓ ȋȓȈȊȕțȦ ȗȘȐȟȐȕț țȕȣȕȐȧ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȓȈșȤ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȘȍȌȈȒȞȐȧȝ ǷțȘȈȕ Ȗȕ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȕȖ ȐȏȉȍȋȈȓ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ƕȕ, ȘȈȏțȔȍȍȚșȧ, ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȓ șȓȈȊț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ (ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ), ȕȖ țȌȍȓȧȓ ȥȚȖȔț ȋȖȘȈȏȌȖ ȔȍȕȤȠȍ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ, ȟȍȔ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȔ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȖșȚȐ, ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ, țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȟțȊșȚȊ Ȑ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ȅȚȐ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȊȐȌȈ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȋȖȘȈȏȌȖ ȕȐȎȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. DzȈȒ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȖȔț țȟȍȕȖȔț, ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȍ. ǰ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ, ȊȔȍșȚȖ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȌȟȍȘȒȕțȚȤ ȊȈȎȕȖșȚȤ ȥȚȖȑ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȣșȖȒȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ (ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț), Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȖȊșȍȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȓ șȊȖȍ ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȓ Ȋ țȕȣȕȐȐ. ǰȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ 166


167 șȓȍȌțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȉȍȏ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. Ƕȉ ȥȚȖȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ». ǬȖșȚȐȋȕțȊ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ - ȗȖșȓȍȌȕȍȑ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȈ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȡȍȋȖșȧ ș șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȐȧ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȝ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖȋȘțȎȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȟȐșȚȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ. ȅȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șȚțȗȍȕȤȦ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȐȓȐ șȚȈȌȐȍȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȣ. ǬȖșȚȐȋȕțȊ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȣ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ. ǵȖ ȥȚȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ - ȓȐȠȤ ȗȘȍȌȊȍșȚȕȐȒ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȐȌȚȐ ȌȈȓȤȠȍ Ȑ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤ ȉȍșȗȘȐșȚȘȈșȚȕȖ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȤșȧ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔț Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ǷȘȖȑȌȧ ȥȚț șȚȈȌȐȦ ȉȍșȗȘȐșȚȘȈșȚȕȖșȚȐ, ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǺȈȒ țȟȐȚ ǹȈȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ». ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȔȖȋ șȖȝȘȈȕȐȚȤ ȌȖșȚȐȋȕțȚȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȕȈ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-ȉȝțȚȣ Ȑ ȋȓțȉȎȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ, ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȗȖșȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ȍȔț ș ȥȕȚțȏȐȈȏȔȖȔ ȊȏȧȚȤșȧ ȏȈ ȊșȍșȚȖȘȖȕȕȍȍ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ȗțȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ȅȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȊȣȊȍșȚȐ ȍȋȖ Ȑȏ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖȋȖ țȕȣȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȕȈ ȑȈȌ ȊȈȟȈȠ ȟȐȚȘȈ-ȗȈȌȈȔ ȝȈȘȍȘ ȑȈȠȖ ȌȎȈȋȈȚ-ȗȈȊȐȚȘȈȔ ȗȘȈȋȘȐȕȐȚȈ ȒȈȘȝȐȟȐȚ ȚȈȌ ȊȈȑȈșȈȔ ȚȐȘȚȝȈȔ țȠȈȕȚȐ ȔȈȕȈșȈ ȕȈ ȑȈȚȘȈ ȝȈȔșȈ ȕȐȘȈȔȈȕȚȑ țȠȐȒ-ȒȠȈȑȈȝ ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȑȈȚ - Țȍ; ȊȈȟȈȝ - șȓȖȊȈ; ȟȐȚȘȈ-ȗȈȌȈȔ - țȒȘȈȠȈȦȡȐȍ; ȝȈȘȍȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȑȈȠȈȝ - șȓȈȊț; ȌȎȈȋȈȚ - ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȈȧ; ȗȈȊȐȚȘȈȔ - ȖșȊȧȡȈȍȚșȧ; ȗȘȈȋȘȐȕȐȚȈ - ȖȗȐșȈȕȈ; ȒȈȘȝȐȟȐȚ - ȍȌȊȈ ȓȐ; ȚȈȚ - ȚȖ; ȊȈȑȈșȈȔ - ȊȖȘȖȕ; ȚȐȘȚȝȈȔ - ȔȍșȚȖ ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ; țȠȈȕȚȐ - ȗȖȓȈȋȈȦȚ; ȔȈȕȈșȈȝ - șȊȧȚȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȑȈȚȘȈ - ȋȌȍ; ȝȈȔșȈȝ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ; ȕȐȘȈȔȈȕȚȐ - ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȚșȧ; țȠȐȒ-ȒȠȈȑȈȝ - Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȎȐȊȍȚ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȐ. ǹȓȖȊȈ, ȕȍ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȡȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȖȌȐȕ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘț ȞȍȓȖȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȗȖ ȔȕȍȕȐȦ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣ ȔȍșȚț ȗȈȓȖȔȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ ȊȖȘȖȕ. ǹȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ȕȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚ Ȋ ȕȐȝ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ, ȐȉȖ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȚ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȖȘȖȕȣ Ȑ ȓȍȉȍȌȐ - ȗȚȐȞȣ ȘȈȏȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȍȚȈ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ț ȕȐȝ ȘȈȏȕȣȑ șȒȓȈȌ țȔȈ. dzȦȌȍȑ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȝ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ ȐȓȐ ȌȊȐȎȐȔȣȝ șȚȘȈșȚȤȦ, ȔȖȎȕȖ șȘȈȊȕȐȚȤ ș ȊȖȘȖȕȈȔȐ, Ȉ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȝ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ șȊȧȚȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ - ș ȓȍȉȍȌȧȔȐ. ǪȖȘȖȕȣ ȗȖȓțȟȈȦȚ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ, ȘȖȧșȤ ȕȈ șȊȈȓȒȈȝ Ȑ ȗȖȔȖȑȒȈȝ, ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ, ȒȈȒ ȖȌȖȓȍȊȈȍȔȣȍ șȚȘȈșȚȧȔȐ ȓȦȌȐ, ȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ȘȈȌȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ Ȋ ȊȐȕȍ, ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȝ Ȑ ȗȖșȍȡȈȦȚ ȔȍșȚȈ, ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȕȣȍ Ȍȓȧ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ. dzȍȉȍȌȍȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȚ ȔȍșȚȈ, ȋȌȍ țșȚȘȈȐȊȈȦȚ șȊȖȐ șȉȖȘȐȡȈ Ȑ șȖȊȍȡȈȕȐȧ ȊȖȘȖȕȣ. ǰȝ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȊșȚȘȍȚȐȚȤ ȓȐȠȤ ȚȈȔ, ȋȌȍ ȞȈȘȐȚ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘȈ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȣ, ȋȌȍ ȗȖȊȍȘȝȕȖșȚȤ ȎȐȊȖȗȐșȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȏȘȈȟȕȣȝ ȊȖȌȖȍȔȖȊ țȒȘȈȠȈȦȚ ȗȘȍȒȘȈșȕȣȍ ȘȈȏȕȖȞȊȍȚȕȣȍ ȓȖȚȖșȣ. ǺȈȒȖȊȈ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȈ ȔȍȎȌț ȥȚȐȔȐ ȌȊțȔȧ ȊȐȌȈȔȐ ȗȚȐȞ. ǷȘȐȘȖȌȈ ȕȈȌȍȓȧȍȚ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȜȖȘȔȣ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȚȐȗȈȔȐ ȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț 167


168 ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȌȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȒȖ ȊșȍȔ ș ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖȑ ȔȍȘȒȖȑ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, Ȍȓȧ ȓȦȌȍȑ ș ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔ șȒȓȈȌȖȔ țȔȈ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȊȐȌȣ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȣ. ǷȖȗțȓȧȘȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȡȐȍ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ȊȖȘȖȕȈȔ, șȖȌȍȘȎȈȚ, ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȋȕȐȦȡȐȍ ȖȚȉȘȖșȣ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȚȍȔ. DzȈȒ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȖ, ȖȕȐ șȖșȚȖȧȚ Ȑȏ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ ȘȈȏȋȓȈȋȖȓȤșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȑ, ȒȈșȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ țȔȈ. ȅȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚȣ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȐȏȧȡȕȣȔ ȧȏȣȒȖȔ ș ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖȔ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ șȘȈȊȕȍȕȐȑ Ȑ ȔȍȚȈȜȖȘ. ǵȖ ȗȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȧȦȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǿȍȔț ȉȣ ȕȐ ȉȣȓȈ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȈ ȚȈȒȈȧ ȗȖȥȏȐȧ Ȑ ȗȘȖȏȈ, ȖȕȈ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ țȒȘȈȠȍȕȐȍȔ ȔȍȘȚȊȍȞȈ. ǬțȝȖȊȕȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȓȍȉȍȌȧȔ, ȕȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧ Ȋ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȑ ȔȍȘȚȊȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȚȤ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ șȈȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖ ȔȍȘȚȊ. ȅȚȐ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, ȕȈȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȋțȕ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ, ȗȖȌ ȘȈȏȕȣȔȐ ȧȘȓȣȒȈȔȐ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȦȚșȧ șȘȍȌȐ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȕȖ ȖȕȐ ȍȌȊȈ ȓȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȓȍȉȍȌȧȔ, ȕȍ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȐȔȍȚȤ ș ȕȐȔȐ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ. ǺȈȒȐȝ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȔȈȕȈșȈ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȖȕȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȌȌȍȘȎȐȊȈȦȚ ȊȣșȖȒȐȑ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ ȌȖȉȘȖȊȖȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȕȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȗȓȈȕȍ. Ǩ ȥȚȖ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȐșȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔțȦ ȘȈȌȐ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȟțȊșȚȊ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ, ȐȓȐ ȚȖȕȒȐȍ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȍ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȥȋȖȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ țȔȈ. ǷțȉȓȐȞȐșȚȣ, țȟȍȕȣȍ, ȔȐȘșȒȐȍ ȗȖȥȚȣ, ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȣ-ȚȍȖȘȍȚȐȒȐ Ȑ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȐ, ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȕȣȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȔȈȘȐȖȕȍȚȒȐ Ȋ ȘțȒȈȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǰȔ ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ ȘȣȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȖȚȉȘȖșȈȝ ȏȈȗȘȍȚȕȣȝ ȚȍȔ. ǷȖ șȓȖȊȈȔ ǹȊȈȔȐ ȀȘȐȌȝȈȘȣ, ȥȚȖ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȍ ȖȝȖȚȕȐȒȖȊ ȏȈ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈȔȐ ȓȍȋȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ. ǵȖ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȝȈȔșȣ, ȗȖșȚȐȋȠȐȍ șțȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȚșȧ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ, ȗȖȊȍșȚȊțȦȡȐȔȐ Ȗ șȓȈȊȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 ȚȈȌ-ȊȈȋ-ȊȐșȈȘȋȖ ȌȎȈȕȈȚȈȋȝȈ-ȊȐȗȓȈȊȖ ȑȈșȔȐȕ ȗȘȈȚȐ-ȠȓȖȒȈȔ ȈȉȈȌȌȝȈȊȈȚȑ ȈȗȐ ȕȈȔȈȕȑ ȈȕȈȕȚȈșȑȈ ȑȈȠȖ 'ȕȒȐȚȈȕȐ ȑȈȚ ȠȘȐȕȊȈȕȚȐ ȋȈȑȈȕȚȐ ȋȘȐȕȈȕȚȐ șȈȌȝȈȊȈȝ ȚȈȚ - Țȍȝ; ȊȈȒ - șȓȖȊ; ȊȐșȈȘȋȈȝ - șȖȏȌȈȕȐȍ; ȌȎȈȕȈȚȈ - ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȈ ȓȦȌȍȑ; ȈȋȝȈ - ȋȘȍȝȐ; ȊȐȗȓȈȊȈȝ - șȗȖșȖȉȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍșȚȐ ȗȍȘȍȊȖȘȖȚ; ȑȈșȔȐȕ - Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ; ȗȘȈȚȐ-ȠȓȖȒȈȔ - ȒȈȎȌȣȑ șȚȐȝ; ȈȉȈȌȌȝȈȊȈȚȐ ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; ȈȗȐ - ȝȖȚȧ Ȑ; ȕȈȔȈȕȐ - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȔȍȕȈ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ.; ȈȕȈȕȚȈșȑȈ - ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȑȈȠȈȝ - șȓȈȊȈ; ȈȕȒȐȚȈȕȐ - ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚșȧ; ȑȈȚ - ȟȚȖ; ȠȘȐȕȊȈȕȚȐ - șȓțȠȈȦȚ; ȋȈȑȈȕȚȐ - ȗȖȦȚ; ȋȘȐȕȈȕȚȐ - ȗȘȐȏȕȈȦȚ; șȈȌȝȈȊȈȝ ȟȐșȚȣȍ Ȑ ȟȍșȚȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ. ǵȖ șȖȟȐȕȍȕȐȍ, șȖșȚȖȧȡȍȍ Ȑȏ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȧ ȐȔȍȕȐ, șȓȈȊȣ, ȜȖȘȔ, ȐȋȘ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȋȖ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȘȍȏȒȖ ȖȚȓȐȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȕȐȝ. ǶȕȖ șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȖ Ȑȏ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ șȓȖȊ, ȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ șȖȊȍȘȠȐȚȤ ȗȍȘȍȊȖȘȖȚ Ȋ ȕȍȗȘȈȊȍȌȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ șȉȐȊȠȍȑșȧ ș ȗțȚȐ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȐ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȐ ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣ ȗȖ ȜȖȘȔȍ, șȓțȠȈȦȚ, ȗȖȦȚ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, 168


169 ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȉȍȏțȒȖȘȐȏȕȍȕȕȖ ȟȍșȚȕȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȅȚȖ șȊȖȑșȚȊȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔȣșȓȐȚȍȓȍȑ - ȉȘȈȚȤ ȓțȟȠȍȍ ȌȈȎȍ Ȑȏ șȈȔȖȋȖ ȗȓȖȝȖȋȖ. ǫȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȐȏȊȓȍȟȤ ȕȍȒȚȈȘ Ȑȏ șȖșțȌȈ ș ȧȌȖȔ, ȗȖȌȖȉȘȈȚȤ ȏȖȓȖȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȕȍȟȐșȚȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ, ȊȏȧȚȤ ȌȖȉȘțȦ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȖȑȕțȦ Ȏȍȕț ȌȈȎȍ Ȑȏ ȉȍȏȊȍșȚȕȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ Ȑ ȗȖțȟȐȚȤșȧ ț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȐȓȐ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ ȌȈȎȍ Ȑȏ șȍȔȤȐ ȕȍȗȘȐȒȈșȈȍȔȣȝ. ȅȚȐ ȥȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȈ ȒȈșȈȦȚșȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȉȍȏ ȐșȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȧ. ǵȖ șȊȧȚȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȈȔȕȖȋȖ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈȌ șȘȍȌȕȐȔ țȘȖȊȕȍȔ. Ƕȕ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȦ șȊȧȚȖȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ Ȑ șȓȈȊȣ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚșȧ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȕȈȧ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘȈ ȔȐȘȈ, Ȑ Ȋ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȣ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ȓȦȌȤȔȐ ȖȏȌȖȘȖȊȧȚșȧ. ǹȍȑȟȈș, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȐȠȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ Ȓ ȥȚȖȔț șȚȐȝț, Ȕȣ ȧȊȓȧȍȔșȧ șȊȐȌȍȚȍȓȧȔȐ ȒȘȐȏȐșȈ. ǵȈȠ ȌȖȉȘȣȑ șȖșȍȌ DzȐȚȈȑ, ȖȝȊȈȟȍȕȕȣȑ ȔȐȓȐȚȈȘȐșȚșȒȐȔ ȌțȝȖȔ, ȈȚȈȒȖȊȈȓ ȋȘȈȕȐȞȣ ǰȕȌȐȐ. Ǵȣ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȍȔ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȍ, ȕȖ ȏȕȈȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȘȈȕȤȠȍ DzȐȚȈȑ Ȑ ǰȕȌȐȧ ȊȍȒȈȔȐ ȎȐȓȐ Ȋ ȔȐȘȍ, ȕȍ ȗȐȚȈȧ ȌȘțȋ Ȓ ȌȘțȋț ȕȐȒȈȒȖȑ ȊȘȈȎȌȣ. ǬȍȓȖ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ Țȍ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȈ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȗȘȖȚȍȒȈȓȈ Ȋ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȓȦȌȐ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȕȈȝ ȔȐȘȈ ȉȣȓȐ ȉȖȋȖȉȖȧȏȕȍȕȕȣ, ȟȐșȚȖșȍȘȌȍȟȕȣ Ȑ ȗȘȖșȚȣ, Ȉ Ȋ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ȔȍȎȌț ȕȐȔȐ ȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȔȍșȚȈ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȐȗȓȖȔȈȚȐȐ. ǻ ǰȕȌȐȐ Ȑ DzȐȚȈȧ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ Ȍȓȧ șȗȖȘȖȊ ȏȈ ȏȍȔȓȦ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȗȘȐȋȖȌȕȈ Ȍȓȧ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȑ ȚȍȔ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȕȍȚ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ șȘȈȎȈȚȤșȧ ȏȈ ȕȍȍ. ǵȖ, ȒȈȒ Ȕȣ țȎȍ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȓȐ, ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ, ȊȍȒȈ ȘȈȏȌȖȘȖȊ, ȊȘȈȎȌȈ ȔȍȎȌț ȓȦȌȤȔȐ ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ ȗȖ ȔȈȓȍȑȠȍȔț ȗȖȊȖȌț. ǰ ȌȍȓȖ ȚțȚ ȕȍ Ȋ ȗȖȊȖȌȍ, ȗȖ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț ȊȖȏȕȐȒȈȍȚ ȊȘȈȎȌȈ, Ȉ Ȋ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȕȖȑ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ: ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȐșȚȍȔȈȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȊȍȌȍȚ ȗȘȖȗȈȋȈȕȌț, ȗȘȐȏȣȊȈȧ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȊȖșȝȊȈȓȍȕȐȍ ȐȔȍȕȐ Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȈȒ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȚȤ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȐȘț. ǬȖȓȋ Ȋșȍȝ ȐȕȌȐȑȞȍȊ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊȖȔ ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȍșȚȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȊșȍȔț ȔȐȘț, ȌȈȘțȧ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȖșȧ ȐȔ ȎȍȓȈȕȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ. ǵȖ ǰȕȌȐȧ ȏȈȉȣȓȈ Ȗ șȊȖȍȔ ȌȖȓȋȍ, ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȋȈȧ ȥȚȐȔ ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȌȍȓȖȔ; ȊȖȚ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȗȖȊșȦȌț Ȋ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ ȊȘȈȎȌȈ Ȑ ȘȈȏȌȖȘȣ. Ǵȣ țȊȍȘȍȕȣ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȐȔțȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȣȌȈȦȡȐȍșȧ ȓȦȌȐ, Ȋ Ȑȝ șȍȘȌȞȈȝ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȗȘȖȐȏȖȑȌȍȚ ȗȍȘȍȔȍȕȈ, Ȉ ȗȘȖșȚȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ȗȖșȓȍȌțȦȚ ȏȈ ȕȐȔȐ. ǵȈȘȖȌȕȣȍ ȔȈșșȣ - ȗȖșȓțȠȕȣȑ ȐȕșȚȘțȔȍȕȚ Ȋ ȘțȒȈȝ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȖȊ Ȑ ȓȐȌȍȘȖȊ. ǬȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȐȏȔȍȕȧȚșȧ șȍȘȌȞȈ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȓȐȌȍȘȖȊ, ȥȚȖ, ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ, ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȚ Ȓ ȘȈȌȐȒȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȐȏȔȍȕȍȕȐȦ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘȣ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ȅȚȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ ȕȍșȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȖȏȘȖȌȐȚȤ Ȋ ȓȦȌȧȝ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȖȌțȝȖȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘț ȔȐȘȈ. Ǵȣ ȖȚȌȈȍȔ șȍȉȍ ȖȚȟȍȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȠȈ ȟȍșȚȕȈȧ ȗȖȗȣȚȒȈ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȍ șȖȗȘȧȎȍȕȈ șȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȔȐ ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȧȔȐ. ǸȈȏțȔȍȍȚșȧ, ȕȈȔ ȕȍ țȌȈșȚșȧ ȗȍȘȍȌȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ ȈȌȍȒȊȈȚȕȣȔ ȧȏȣȒȖȔ, ȚȍȔ ȉȖȓȍȍ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖȚ ȧȏȣȒ ȕȍ ȘȖȌȕȖȑ Ȍȓȧ ȕȈș, Ȑ, ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȕȈȠ ȗȍȘȍȊȖȌ ȉțȌȍȚ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȕȣȝ ȗȖȋȘȍȠȕȖșȚȍȑ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȕȈȠȐ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȐȍ șȚȈȘȈȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ. ǵȖ Ȕȣ țȊȍȘȍȕȣ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȐ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȒȐ ȕȍ ȗȖȔȍȠȈȦȚ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȖȞȍȕȐȚȤ șȍȘȤȍȏȕȖșȚȤ ȍȋȖ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȓȐȌȍȘȣ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȗȘȐȔțȚ ȍȋȖ, țȊȐȌȍȊ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȟȍșȚȕțȦ ȗȖȗȣȚȒț ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȐȚȤ ǪșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȋȖ ǩȖȋȈ. ǭșȓȐ ȌȖȔ ȖȝȊȈȟȍȕ ȗȖȎȈȘȖȔ, ȍȋȖ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȐ ȉȍȋțȚ ȏȈ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ Ȓ șȖșȍȌȧȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȖȒȈȏȈȚȤșȧ ȐȕȖșȚȘȈȕȞȈȔȐ. ǬȈȎȍ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȧ ȧȏȣȒȈ, ȕȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ Ȑȝ șȖșȍȌȐ, ȎȍȘȚȊȣ ȗȖȎȈȘȈ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚȤ, ȟȍȋȖ ȖȕȐ ȝȖȚȧȚ, Ȉ Țȍ șȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ Ȑȝ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȑ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȚ ȕȈ ȌȘțȋȖȔ ȧȏȣȒȍ. ǺȈȒȖȑ Ȏȍ Ȍțȝ șȖȚȘțȌȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔ Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȧ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» Ȋ 169


170 ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȕȖȑ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘȍ șȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. Ǫ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ, ȥȚȖ ȕȈțȒȈ Ȗ ȔȍȚȖȌȐȒȍ ȗȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȍȑ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȈș ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȊȖȓȕțȍȚ ȔȍȚȖȌȖȓȖȋȐȧ, Ȉ ȕȍ ȧȏȣȒ. ǭșȓȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȔȐȘȈ ȗȖȑȔțȚ ȔȍȚȖȌȖȓȖȋȐȦ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, țșȗȍȝ ȉțȌȍȚ Ȗȉȍșȗȍȟȍȕ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȓȦȌȐ ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȐȘȍ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȕȍțȌȐȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ Ȑ ȕȈȘȖȌȣ ȗȖ ȔȈȓȍȑȠȐȔ ȗȖȊȖȌȈȔ ȕȈȗȈȌȈȦȚ ȌȘțȋ ȕȈ ȌȘțȋȈ. ǺȈȒȖȊȣ ȗȖȘȧȌȒȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ DzȈȓȐ, ȊȍȒȈ ȊȘȈȎȌȣ. ǭȋȖ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘȈ țȎȍ ȖȚȘȈȊȓȍȕȈ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȘȖȒȈȔȐ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț. ǴȐȘ ȗȖȓȖȕ ȕȍȎȍȓȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȑ, ȕȈșȣȡȍȕȕȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȖȉȘȈȏȈȔȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǪȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ șȚȘȈȕȈȝ ȍșȚȤ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȘȋȈȕȣ, țȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȖȔ ȊȣȧȊȓȧȚȤ Ȑ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȋȈȚȤ ȞȍȕȏțȘȍ ȕȍȗȘȐșȚȖȑȕțȦ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘț. ȅȚȖ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȕȐ ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤșȚȊȖ, ȕȐ șȖȏȕȈȦȡȐȍ șȊȖȦ ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȓȐȌȍȘȣ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȕȍ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒȈȧ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȈ ȕțȎȕȈ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ ȖȕȈ ȗȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ȗȘȐȓȈȊȒȈȝ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȟȐȚȈȚȤ ȍȍ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ șȊȖȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǩȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȖȡțȡȈȍȚ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȟȚȍȕȐȐ (ȥȚȖ ȏȈȓȖȎȍȕȖ Ȋ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ), ȕȖ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȑȝ țȔȣ ȖșȒȊȍȘȕȍȕȣ, ȖȕȐ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȟȐȚȈȚȤ ȗȖȌȖȉȕțȦ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘț. Ǫ ȥȚȐȝ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈȝ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, ȒȈȒ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȐȚ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȘȈȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȕȖȋȖ țȔȈ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȕȖ Ȑ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚ ȍȋȖ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȔ ȟȚȍȕȐȐ. ǪȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ, ȟȚȖ ȊȕȈȟȈȓȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȐȔ ȕȍ ȗȖȕȘȈȊȐȚșȧ, ȒȈȒ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț, șȚȘȈȌȈȦȡȍȔț ȖȚ ȎȍȓȚțȝȐ, ȕȍ ȕȘȈȊȐȚșȧ șȓȈȌȒȖȍ. ǵȖ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȟȚȖ șȓȈȌȖșȚȐ - ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȓȍȒȈȘșȚȊȖ ȖȚ ȎȍȓȚțȝȐ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȕțȎȕȈ șȐșȚȍȔȈȚȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȗȘȖȗȈȋȈȕȌȈ Ȑ ȗȖȗțȓȧȘȐȏȈȞȐȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ» Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȚ ȕȈ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȤ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ, ȒȈȒ șȓȈȌȖșȚȐ - ȕȈ ȎȍȓȚțȝț. DzȖȋȌȈ ț ȓȦȌȍȑ ȘȈȏȖȊȤȍȚșȧ ȊȒțș Ȓ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȍ, ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, ȖȚȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȐȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ șȊȖȐȔ ȧȌȖȔ, ȐșȟȍȏȕțȚ șȈȔȐ șȖȉȖȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȕȣ țȊȍȘȍȕȣ, ȟȚȖ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ Ȋșȍ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȒȐ ȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȐȏȌȈȕȐȧ, ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȍȚșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȐȉȖ ȥȚȖ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ, ȔȐȓȖșȚȐȊȖȍ ȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȖȗȐșȈȕȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12

ȕȈȐȠȒȈȘȔȑȈȔ Ȉȗȑ ȈȟȑțȚȈ-ȉȝȈȊȈ-ȊȈȘȌȎȐȚȈȔ ȕȈ ȠȖȉȝȈȚȍ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȈȓȈȔ ȕȐȘȈȕȌȎȈȕȈȔ ȒțȚȈȝ ȗțȕȈȝ ȠȈȠȊȈȌ ȈȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ ȐȠȊȈȘȍ ȕȈ ȟȈȘȗȐȚȈȔ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȑȈȌ Ȉȗȑ ȈȒȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȕȈȐȠȒȈȘȔȑȈȔ - șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ, șȊȖȉȖȌȕȖȍ ȖȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȈȗȐ - ȌȈȎȍ; ȈȟȑțȚȈ - ȕȍȗȖȋȘȍȠȐȔȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȉȝȈȊȈ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȗ; ȊȈȘȌȎȐȚȈȔ - ȓȐȠȍȕȣ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȠȖȉȝȈȚȍ - ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȈȓȈȔ - ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ; ȕȐȘȈȕȌȎȈȕȈȔ - șȊȖȉȖȌȕȖȍ ȖȚ ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȍȕȐȑ; ȒțȚȈȝ - ȋȌȍ; ȗțȕȈȝ - ȊȕȖȊȤ; ȠȈȠȊȈȚ - ȊșȍȋȌȈ; ȈȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ ȟțȎȌȖȍ Ȍțȝț; ȐȠȊȈȘȍ - ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȈȘȗȐȚȈȔ - ȗȖȌȕȍșȍȕȕȈȧ; ȒȈȘȔȈ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȘȈȌȐ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȍȍ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ; ȑȈȚ ȈȗȐ - ȟȚȖ Ȏȍ; ȈȒȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȉȍșȗȓȖȌȕȈ. 170


171 ǻȟȍȕȐȍ Ȗ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȐ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȕȍȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȐȧ Ȗ ǵȍȗȖȋȘȍȠȐȔȖȔ [ǩȖȋȍ], ȕȍȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȕȍȚ Ȑ ȚȍȕȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ. DzȈȒȖȑ Ȏȍ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȗȘȖȒ Ȋ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ - ȗȖ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ ȗȘȍȝȖȌȧȡȍȑ Ȑ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȍȕȕȖȑ ȖȚ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȌȖ ȒȖȕȞȈ - ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȈ ȕȍ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȕȕȖȔ ȊȣȠȍ ȊȣșȒȈȏȣȊȈȕȐȐ ȖșțȎȌȈȍȚ șȧ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȈ, ȕȍ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȡȈȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȚȈ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȈ Ȑ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȍ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȗ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ. ǰ ȍșȓȐ ȗȖ ȥȚȖȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ ȖșțȎȌȈȦȚșȧ ȌȈȎȍ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȍ, ȚȖ ȟȚȖ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗȉ ȖȉȣȟȕȖȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȍ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȕȈ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ ȞȍȓȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ? ǺȈȒȖȍ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȓ ȞȍȓȐ - șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț. DzȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȣ ȗȖȟȚȐ Ȋșȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȔțȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȈ ȓȐȉȖ Ȋ ȕȈȟȈȓȍ, ȓȐȉȖ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ. ǶȕȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȍ ȗȓȖȌȣ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȖȋȌȈ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȗȖȌȟȐȕȍȕȈ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȈ» ȚȖȎȍ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȣ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȕțȎȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȋ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȕȖȔ șȓțȟȈȍ ȖȕȈ ȊȍȌȍȚ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț ȘȈȉșȚȊț. ǰșȚȐȕȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȔșȧ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȦȚ ȍȍ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ șȊȖȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȖȕȈ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ ȕȐȝ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȝ ȕȍȗȘȐȧȚȕȖșȚȍȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 13 ȈȚȝȖ ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȈȔȖȋȝȈ-ȌȘȐȒ ȠțȟȐ-ȠȘȈȊȈȝ șȈȚȑȈ-ȘȈȚȖ ȌȝȘȐȚȈ-ȊȘȈȚȈȝ țȘțȒȘȈȔȈșȑȈȒȝȐȓȈ-ȉȈȕȌȝȈ-ȔțȒȚȈȑȍ șȈȔȈȌȝȐȕȈȕțșȔȈȘȈ ȚȈȌ-ȊȐȟȍȠȚȐȚȈȔ ȈȚȝȖ - șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȈ - ȖȟȍȕȤ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣȑ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕ - Țȣ; ȈȔȖȋȝȈ-ȌȘȐȒ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ șȖȏȍȘȞȈȚȍȓȤ; ȠțȟȐ - ȕȍȏȈȗȧȚȕȈȕȕȣȑ; ȠȘȈȊȈȝ - ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȑ; șȈȚȑȈ-ȘȈȚȈȝ - ȗȘȐȕȧȊ ȖȉȍȚ ȗȘȈȊȌȐȊȖșȚȐ; ȌȝȘȐȚȈ-ȊȘȈȚȈȝ - țȚȊȍȘȌȐȊȠȐȑșȧ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ; țȘțȒȘȈȔȈșȑȈ - ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ șȊȍȘȝȢȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ (ǩȖȋȈ); ȈȒȝȐȓȈ - ȊșȍȖȉȡȍȋȖ; ȉȈȕȌȝȈ - ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ; ȔțȒȚȈȑȍ - ȘȈȌȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑȏ; șȈȔȈȌȝȐȕȈ - Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȍ; ȈȕțșȔȈȘȈ - ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȌțȔȈȑ Ȑ ȏȈȚȍȔ ȖȗȐȠȐ Ȑȝ; ȚȈȚ-ȊȐȟȍȠȚȐȚȈȔ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ƕ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȚȊȖȍ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ, ȚȊȖȧ ȌȖȉȘȈȧ șȓȈȊȈ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȈ, Țȣ ȚȊȍȘȌ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȖȉȍȚȈȝ Ȑ ȗȘȈȊȌȐȊ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Țȣ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȍ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȚȤ Ȗȉ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȘȈȌȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȗȉȣȟȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǷȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȟȚȍȕȐȐ ȏȈȓȖȎȍȕȈ Ȋ ȓȦȌȧȝ ȖȚ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǶȕȐ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ ȗȘȖȟȍșȚȤ ȐȓȐ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ ȖȚ ȒȖȔȗȍȚȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȐȔ ȕȍȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ. ǵȖ ȥȚȈ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȟȚȍȕȐȦ ȥȒșȗȓțȈȚȐȘțȍȚșȧ ȈȊȚȖȘȈȔȐ ȕȐȒȟȍȔȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȑ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȖȉșțȎȌȈȦȚșȧ ȚȍȔȣ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ. Dz ȕȐȔ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ ȊșȧȒȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ șȊȍȚșȒȈȧ ȗȖȥȏȐȧ Ȑ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȍ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧ, Ȋ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȑ ȐȓȐ ȔȍȕȤȠȍȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȡȐȍșȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȔȈȑȐ Ȑ Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖ ȉȍșșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȣȍ, ȚȈȒȐȍ 171


172 ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȊșȧȟȍșȒȐ țȒȘȈȠȈȦȚșȧ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȟȤ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȓȦȌȍȑ ș ȕȍȊȣșȖȒȐȔ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚȖȔ. ǷȘȐȊȓȍȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȥȚȐȔ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȋșȍ ȒȘȍȗȟȍ Ȑ ȒȘȍȗȟȍ șȊȧȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ țȏȈȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ, țȚȘȈȟȐȊȈȧ ȕȈȌȍȎȌț ȕȈ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ Țȣșȧȟ Ȑ Țȣșȧȟ ȎȐȏȕȍȑ. ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǸȐȠȐ, ȓțȟȠȐȑ Ȑȏ ȊȈȑȠȕȈȊȖȊ, Ȑȏ șȖșȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȓ ȥȚȐȔ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȕȣȔ ȎȍȘȚȊȈȔ ȉȍșșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȣ șȖȊȍȚțȍȚ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȉȣ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȔȖȋȓȖ ȉȣ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ Ȑȏ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȐȓȐ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȑ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȒȊȈȓȐȜȐȒȈȞȐȍȑ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȖȕȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ Ȋșȍ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ Ȋ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȔ șȊȍȚȍ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ ȟȐșȚȣ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȔȣșȓȈȝ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȗȘȖșȊȍȚȓȍȕȐȦ; ȖȕȐ ȚȊȍȘȌȣ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȖȉȍȚȈȝ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ Ȑ ȗȖȓȕȣ ȘȍȠȐȔȖșȚȐ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȗȖȋȘȧȏȠȐȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǷȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȌȍȕȤ ș ȕȍȚȍȘȗȍȕȐȍȔ ȎȌțȚ ȕȖȊȖȑ ȐȕȜȖȘȔȈȞȐȐ, Ȑ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȣ, ȒȈȒ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȐȓȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȑȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ ȕȍșȒȖȕȟȈȍȔȣȔȐ ȕȖȊȖșȚȧȔȐ Ȑȏ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȓȐȠȤ ȟȈșȚȤ ȊșȍȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, Ȉ ǯȍȔȓȧ - ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȒȘȖȝȖȚȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȐȞȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. Ǫ ȔȐȘȍ ȍșȚȤ ȚȣșȧȟȐ Ȑ ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȗȐșȈȚȍȓȍȑ, Ȑ ȕȈ ȗȘȖȚȧȎȍȕȐȐ ȊȍȒȖȊ ȖȕȐ șȖȏȌȈȓȐ ȚȣșȧȟȐ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȕȣȝ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȑ, șȖȌȍȘȎȈȡȐȝ ȘȈȏȕȖȖȉȘȈȏȕțȦ ȐȕȜȖȘȔȈȞȐȦ. ǵȖ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȕȐ ȗȘȐșȒȖȘȉȕȖ, ȕȐ ȖȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȥȚȐȝ ȈȊȚȖȘȖȊ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȍș ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȦ ȕȐ ȔȐȘȈ, ȕȐ șȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȐȧ. ȅȚȖ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȍ ȉȍȏȌțȝȖȊȕȖșȚȐ Ȑȝ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț șȚȘȈȎȌțȡȍȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊț ȌȈȕȣ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȈ» Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȕȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȘȐȕȍșȚȐ Ȋ ȔȐȘ ȎȍȓȈȕȕȖȍ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȔțȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȧ, ȗȖȋȓȖȡȈȦȡȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȍȕȕțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȈ» - ȥȚȖ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ, ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ ǹȈȔȐȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȏȈȗȐșȈȕȕȖȍ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ, Ȉ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ȚȖȋȖ Ȏȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȖȌȕȖ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȓ ȊȍȟȕȖȔț ȔȐȘț Ȑ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȐȏȊȈȕ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȊȖ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȚȤ ȓȐȠȤ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȒȈȒ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȐ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȋȘțȎȍȕȕȣȍ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǭȔț. ǰ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ Ȑȝ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ, șȈȔȐ șȖȉȖȑ ȘȈșȒȘȣȊȈȦȚșȧ ȐȋȘȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ ȥȚȐȝ ȐȋȘ. ǵȐȒȚȖ ȌȘțȋȖȑ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȕȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ, ȕȐ ȖȗȐșȈȚȤ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȉțȌȍȚ ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȧȚȤ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȓȍȚ. ǶȗȐșȈȕȐȧ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» șȚȖȓȤ ȉȍȏțȒȖȘȐȏȕȍȕȕȖ ȚȖȟȕȣ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȍȌșȒȈȏȈȕȕȖȍ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȐ, ȕȈȗȐșȈȕȕȖȔ ȖȒȖȓȖ ȗȧȚȐ Țȣșȧȟ ȓȍȚ ȚȖȔț ȕȈȏȈȌ, șȉȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȕȈ ȕȈȠȐȝ ȋȓȈȏȈȝ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ȈȊȚȖȘ șȊȖȐȔ ȊȏȖȘȖȔ ȖȝȊȈȚȣȊȈȓ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȍ, ȕȈșȚȖȧȡȍȍ Ȑ ȉțȌțȡȍȍ. ǶșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȔțȌȘȖșȚȤȦ, ȕȖ Ȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȑ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤȦ șȓțȠȈȚȤ, ȔȣșȓȐȚȤ, ȖȡțȡȈȚȤ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. ǶșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȈȧ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ȐȔȍȍȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ, Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȈȒȐȔȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔȐ ȔȖȎȕȖ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ - ǽȘȐȠȐȒȍȠȍ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǰȚȈȒ, «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȥȚȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, șȖȏȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ȀȘȐȓȖȑ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ, șȖșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȍȔ ǪȍȌ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 14 172


173 ȚȈȚȖ 'ȕȑȈȚȝȈ ȒȐȕȟȈȕȈ ȑȈȌ ȊȐȊȈȒȠȈȚȈȝ ȗȘȐȚȝȈȋ ȌȘȐȠȈș ȚȈȚ-ȒȘȐȚȈ-ȘțȗȈ-ȕȈȔȈȉȝȐȝ ȕȈ ȒȈȘȝȐȟȐȚ ȒȊȈȗȐ ȟȈ ȌțȝșȚȝȐȚȈ ȔȈȚȐȘ ȓȈȉȝȍȚȈ ȊȈȚȈȝȈȚȈ-ȕȈțȘ ȐȊȈșȗȈȌȈȔ ȚȈȚȈȝ - ȚȖȋȖ; ȈȕȑȈȚȝȈ - ȒȘȖȔȍ; ȒȐȕȟȈȕȈ - ȕȍȟȚȖ; ȑȈȚ - ȟȚȖ ȉȣ ȚȖ ȕȐ ȉȣȓȖ; ȊȐȊȈȒȠȈȚȈȝ - ȎȍȓȈȧ ȖȗȐșȈȚȤ; ȗȘȐȚȝȈȒ - ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȖ; ȌȘȐȠȈȝ - ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍ; ȚȈȚ-ȒȘȐȚȈ ȘȍȈȒȞȐȐ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ; ȘțȗȈ - ȜȖȘȔȈ; ȕȈȔȈȉȝȐȝ - ȐȔȍȕȈ; ȕȈ ȒȈȘȝȐȟȐȚ - ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ; ȒȊȈȗȐ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȋȖ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȌțȝșȚȝȐȚȈ ȔȈȚȐȝ - ȉȍșȗȖȒȖȑȕȣȑ țȔ; ȓȈȉȝȍȚȈ - ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ; ȊȈȚȈȈȝȈȚȈ - ȕȖșȐȔȈȧ ȊȍȚȘȖȔ; ȕȈțȝ - ȓȖȌȒȈ; ȐȊȈ - ȒȈȒ; ȈșȗȈȌȈȔ - ȔȍșȚț. Ǫșȍ, ȟȚȖ Țȣ ȎȍȓȈȍȠȤ ȖȗȐșȈȚȤ ȗȖ ȊȐȌȐȔȖșȚȐ ȖȚȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȜȖȘȔȈȔȐ, ȐȔȍȕȈȔȐ Ȑ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧȔȐ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȊȖȏȉțȎȌȈȍȚ țȔ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȚȖȔț, ȒȈȒ ȊȍȚȍȘ ȘȈșȒȈȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȓȖȌȒț, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡțȦ ȗȘȐșȚȈȕȐȡȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȖȚȘȍȌȈȒȚȐȘȖȊȈȓ Ȋșȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȖȗȐșȈȊ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȗțȚȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ: ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȐȓ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖȔȐȔȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ, Ȋ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ǷțȘȈȕȈȝ Ȗȕ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȖȊȈȓ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ȔȕȖȋȐȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ, ȐȔȍȦȡȐȔ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȐȔȍȕȈ Ȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ. Ǫ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ ȓȦȌȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȏȈȗțȚȈȓȐșȤ, ȕȍ ȏȕȈȧ, ȒȈȒ șȖșȘȍȌȖȚȖȟȐȚȤ șȊȖȑ țȔ ȕȈ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǰȔ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȚȘțȌȕȖ ȕȈȑȚȐ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȍȊȈ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȚ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȖȒ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȑ, șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȖȑ, ȗȖȌȟȍȘȒȐȊȈȧ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȤ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȊșȍȋȖ ȊȖ ȊȏȈȐȔȖșȊȧȏȐ ș ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȕȐȒȍȔ ȌȘțȋȐȔ. ǼȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȑ. Ƕȕ - ȒȖȘȍȕȤ ȌȘȍȊȈ. Ƕȕ - ȎȍȓțȌȖȒ Ȋ Țȍȓȍ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȕȈȗȖȐȚȤ ȌȍȘȍȊȖ ȊȖȌȖȑ, ȕȈȌȖ ȗȖȓȐȊȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȒȖȘȍȕȤ, Ȉ ȕȈșȣȡȈȧ ȗȐȡȍȑ ȎȍȓțȌȖȒ, Ȕȣ ȌȈȍȔ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ ȊșȍȔț Țȍȓț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȀȘȐȓȍ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ ȕȍ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓȖ șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȚȤ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ǷțȘȈȕ, ȒȘȖȔȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ-ȗțȘȈȕȣ», ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍȏȕȈȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ ȖȚȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗțȚȐ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ Ȓ ȋțȉȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧȔ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȓ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǭșȓȐ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍȉȖȓȤȠȖȍ ȖȚȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ șȐȓȖȑ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȋȌȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗ ȕȈȔȍȘȍȕȕȖȔ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȐ ȐȌȍȑ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȐȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖȑ ǰșȚȐȕȍ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ! ǹȈȔȖȍ ȗȓȖȝȖȍ Ȋ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȖ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȈȍȚ ȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖ ȗȈȕȚȍȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȘȐȊȖȌȧȚ Ȓ ȗȓȈȟȍȊȕȖȔț ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚț: ȊȖȏȕȐȒȕȖȊȍȕȐȦ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȈ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȝ șȍȒȚ, ȔȍȠȈȦȡȐȝ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȍȕȐȦ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȊ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ țȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȊȍȘȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ Ȓ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ șȍȉȧ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ Ȋȍȟȕȣȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ șȊȧȏȐ țȔȍșȚȍȕ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ș ȓȖȌȒȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȘȈșȒȈȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȗȖȘȣȊȐșȚȣȑ ȊȍȚȍȘ. ǵȍțșȚȖȑȟȐȊȣȑ țȔ ȗȈȕȚȍȐșȚȈ ȕȍ Ȋ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȐșȒȈȝ ȞȍȓȐ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ ȊȖȏȉțȎȌȍȕȐȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 15 ȌȎțȋțȗșȐȚȈȔ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȒȘȐȚȍ 'ȕțȠȈșȈȚȈȝ șȊȈȉȝȈȊȈ-ȘȈȒȚȈșȑȈ ȔȈȝȈȕ ȊȑȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȈȝ ȑȈȌ-ȊȈȒȑȈȚȖ ȌȝȈȘȔȈ ȐȚȐȚȈȘȈȝ șȚȝȐȚȖ 173


174 ȕȈ ȔȈȕȑȈȚȍ ȚȈșȑȈ ȕȐȊȈȘȈȕȈȔ ȌȎȈȕȈȝ ȌȎțȋțȗșȐȚȈȔ - ȗȖȐșȚȐȕȍ ȉȍșșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȖ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȒȘȐȚȍ - ș ȚȖȟȒȐ ȏȘȍȕȐȧ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ; ȈȕțȠȈșȈȚȈȝ - ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ; șȊȈȉȝȈȊȈ-ȘȈȒȚȈșȑȈ - ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ șȒȓȖȕȕȣ; ȔȈȝȈȕ ȉȖȓȤȠȖȍ; ȊȑȈȚȐȒȘȈȔȈȝ - ȉȍȏȘȈșșțȌșȚȊȖ; ȑȈȚ-ȊȈȒȑȈȚȈȝ - ȗȖ ȟȤȐȔ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ - ȘȍȓȐȋȐȧ; ȐȚȐ - ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȐȚȈȘȈȝ - ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ; șȚȝȐȚȈȝ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȓȐșȤ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȔȈȕȑȈȚȍ - ȌțȔȈȦȚ; ȚȈșȑȈ - Ȗ ȚȖȔ; ȕȐȊȈȘȈȕȈȔ - ȏȈȗȘȍȡȍȕȐȍ; ȌȎȈȕȈȝ - ȖȕȐ. Ǫ ȓȦȌȧȝ ȖȚ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ ȏȈȓȖȎȍȕȈ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ, Ȉ Țȣ ȗȖȖȡȘȧȓ Ȋ ȕȐȝ ȥȚț șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ ȗȖȌ ȗȘȐȒȘȣȚȐȍȔ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȖșțȌȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȑ ȕȍȉȓȈȋȖȘȈȏțȔȕȖ. ǸțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊțȧșȤ ȚȊȖȐȔȐ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ, ȖȕȐ ȉțȌțȚ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȥȚȐȔ, ȗȘȐȒȘȣȊȈȧșȤ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȍȑ, Ȑ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȒȖȘȖ ȏȈȉțȌțȚ ȖȉȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȏȈȗȘȍȚȈȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȖșțȎȌȈȍȚ ȀȘȐȓț ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊț ȏȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȖșȕȖȊț șȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȐȔ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ Ȗȕ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȓ ȘȍȋțȓȐȘțȍȔțȦ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȖȗȐșȈȕȖ Ȋ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȍ» Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧȝ. ǭșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌȓȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȒȖȕȚȈȒȚȈ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȍȑ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȎȐȏȕȍȑ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȖ ȗȘȐȊȣȟȒȍ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊȖ ȕȈȌ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ. ǶȕȐ ȕȍ ȟțȊșȚȊțȦȚ ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȕȈȓȈȋȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȕȐȝ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȗȘȍȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȠȈȕș ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȚȐșȒȖȊ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. ǵȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ țȒȈȏȈȚȤ ȌȖȘȖȋț ȌȖȔȖȑ, ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǪȘȈȡȍȕȐȍ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȞȐȒȓȍ ȗȍȘȍȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȑ, șȖșȚȖȧȡȍȔ Ȑȏ 8 400 000 ȊȐȌȖȊ ȎȐȏȕȐ, - ȥȚȖ ȚȦȘȍȔȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ ȖșțȎȌȍȕȕȣȝ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȌțȠ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȌȈȍȚ ȠȈȕș ȊȣȘȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȏȈȚȖȟȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍȔ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȊȖșșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȐȍ șȊȖȐȝ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ș ǩȖȋȖȔ. ǺȈȒ ȟȚȖ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȖȖȡȘȧȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȋ ȍȋȖ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȐ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ ȗȖȌ ȊȐȌȖȔ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȝ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ. ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȕȍȊȍȘȕȖȍ ȘțșȓȖ, ȥȚȖ șȉȐȊȈȍȚ ș ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȗțȚȐ Ȋșȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȖ ȘȈȏȢȧșȕȐȓ ǪȍȌȣ Ȋ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȍ» Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ, Ȑ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȗȖȖȡȘȧȍȚ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȚȖȑ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȍȓȐȟȈȑȠȐȔ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȍȔ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȕȍ șȖȋȓȈșȐȚșȧ ȖȚȘȍȟȤșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, șȓțȎȈȡȍȑ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ Ȑȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ǵȈ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȔ ȥȚȈȗȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȐ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȚȈȒȈȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔȈȧ ȗȖȌ ȊȐȌȖȔ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ (Ȉ ȐȔȍȕȕȖ, ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȗȖȌ ȊȐȌȖȔ ȑȈȌȎȕȣ), ȗȘȐȕȧȓȈ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȍ ȔȈșȠȚȈȉȣ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȠȍȓ ǹȈȔ Ȋ ȖȉȓȐȒȍ ǩțȌȌȣ Ȑ ȖȚȊȍȘȋ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚ ǪȍȌ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔȣȍ ȖȚ ȐȔȍȕȐ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȐ. ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȗȘȍȌȊȐȌȍȓ ȥȚȖ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȖșțȌȐȓ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ. dzȦȉȐȚȍȓȐ ȗȓȖȚȐ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ ȌȖ șȐȝ ȗȖȘ ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȚ Ȑȝ Ȋ ȎȍȘȚȊț ȗȍȘȍȌ ȐȏȖȉȘȈȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȒȈȒȖȋȖ-ȕȐȉțȌȤ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈ ȐȓȐ ȉȖȋȐȕȐ Ȑ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȥȚȖ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȍȑ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȦȚ ȚȈȒȐȍ ȘȍȋȓȈȔȍȕȚȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȣȍ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȈȞȐȐ ȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȚȉȐȚȤ ț ȓȦȌȍȑ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ ȗȖȍȌȈȚȤ ȗȓȖȚȤ ȎȐȊȖȚȕȣȝ, ȕȖ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȞȍȓȤ ȥȚȐȝ ȘȍȓȐȋȐȖȏȕȣȝ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ ȏȈȉȣȊȈȍȚșȧ, Ȉ ȉȖȍȕ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȌȐȚ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȋȓțȗȣȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȣ ȕȍ ȎȍȓȈȦȚ ȗȘȐșȓțȠȐȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȓ șȓȖȊȈȔ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ 174


175 șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚȤ șȔȣșȓ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ. Ǫ ǪȍȌȈȝ ȧșȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȕȐ ȉțȘȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȕȐ ȕȈȒȖȗȓȍȕȐȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊ, ȕȐ ȌȈȎȍ ȔȕȖȋȖȟȐșȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȚȖȔșȚȊȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȑ. Dz șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȍ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȘȍȕȍȉȘȍȋȈȦȚ ȥȚȐȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔȐ. ǶȕȐ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȋ ȖȚȘȍȟȍȕȐȐ - țȌȍȓ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ Ȋ șȐȓț ȒȈȒȐȝ-ȓȐȉȖ ȜȐȏȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȒȖȊ ȕȍșȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȏȈȘȈȉȈȚȣȊȈȚȤ șȍȉȍ ȕȈ ȎȐȏȕȤ, ȐȓȐ Ȍȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȟȤȧ șȍȔȍȑȕȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ șȓȖȎȐȓȈșȤ ȕȍȉȓȈȋȖȗȖȓțȟȕȖ. DzȖȕȍȟȕȖ, Ȋ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȐșȚȖȘȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧȝ, ȒȈȒ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȈ», ȕȈȘȧȌț ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈȔȐ ȖȉșțȎȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ. Ǫ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚț» ȊȝȖȌȐȚ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȈ», Ȑ ȕȈȐȊȣșȠȍȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ ȐȌȍȐ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȣ» ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȦȚ Ȋ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȔ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȐ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ», ȋȌȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȕțȎȕȖ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȖȟȐȍ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȧ Ȑ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ǵȖ ȓȦȌȍȑ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȕȈȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȧȔȐ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȦȚ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȈ, ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȕȈ ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȍ, Ȑ ȜȐȓȈȕȚȘȖȗȐȧ, țȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȍ Ȋ «ǴȈȝȈȉȝȈȘȈȚȍ», Ȉ ȕȍ șȈȔȖȍ ȊȈȎȕȖȍ Ȋ ȕȍȑ - «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌȋȐȚȈ». ǯȌȍșȤ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȖȚȒȘȣȚȖ ȖșțȎȌȈȍȚ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊț ȏȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȗȖȠȍȓ ȕȈ ȒȖȔȗȘȖȔȐșș, Ȑ șȖȊȍȚțȍȚ ȍȔț ȗȘȧȔȖ ȗȘȖȊȖȏȋȓȈșȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ șȊȖȐ Ȋȍȟȕȣȍ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȉȍȏ ȗȘȖȔȍȌȓȍȕȐȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ǭȔț. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, șȚȘȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȚȖ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȤȦ, ȗȖȟȚȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȚȖȑ ȗȐȡȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȍȔț ȊȘȍȌȕȈ. ǶȗȣȚȕȣȑ ȊȘȈȟ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȐȌȍȚ ȕȈ țșȚțȗȒȐ ȚȈȒȖȔț ȉȖȓȤȕȖȔț Ȑ ȕȍ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȈȍȚ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȗȘȖȚȐȊȖȗȖȒȈȏȈȕȕȣȍ ȍȔț ȗȘȖȌțȒȚȣ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȕȍȉȖȓȤȠȖȔ ȒȖȓȐȟȍșȚȊȍ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȚȈȒȎȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖȋȖ Ȓ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȖȉțȎȌȈȚȤ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȧ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ Ȑ Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ țȘȖȊȕȧ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ȅȚȖ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ șȗȘȈȊȍȌȓȐȊȖ Ȑ ȗȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȔ ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ șțȝȐȔ ȥȔȗȐȘȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȕȍ șȚȘȍȔȧȡȐȔșȧ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǵȖ ȥȚȖ ȌȈȓȍȒȖ ȕȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȊșȚȈȓ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 16 ȊȐȟȈȒȠȈȕȖ 'șȑȈȘȝȈȚȐ ȊȍȌȐȚțȔ ȊȐȉȝȖȘ ȈȕȈȕȚȈ-ȗȈȘȈșȑȈ ȕȐȊȘȐȚȚȐȚȈȝ șțȒȝȈȔ ȗȘȈȊȈȘȚȈȔȈȕȈșȑȈ ȋțȕȈȐȘ ȈȕȈȚȔȈȕȈș ȚȈȚȖ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȌȈȘȠȈȑȈ ȟȍȠȚȐȚȈȔ ȊȐȉȝȖȝ ȊȐȟȈȒȠȈȕȈȝ - ȊȍșȤȔȈ ȐșȒțȠȍȕȕȣȑ; ȈșȑȈ - ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ; ȈȘȝȈȚȐ - ȌȖșȚȖȐȕ; ȊȍȌȐȚțȔ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ; ȊȐȉȝȖȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȈȕȈȕȚȈ-ȗȈȘȈșȑȈ - ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȋȖ; ȕȐȊȘȐȚȚȐȚȈȝ țȌȈȓȐȊȠȐȑșȧ ȖȚ; șțȒȝȈȔ - ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ șȟȈșȚȤȧ; ȗȘȈȊȈȘȚȈȔȈȕȈșȑȈ - ȚȍȔ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ; ȋțȕȈȐȝ - ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȋțȕȈȔȐ; ȈȕȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ - ȓȐȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȧȝ; ȚȈȚȈȝ - ȗȖȥȚȖȔț; ȉȝȈȊȈȕ - Ȗ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ; ȌȈȘȠȈȑȈ țȒȈȎȐ ȗțȚȐ; ȟȍȠȚȐȚȈȔ - ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ; ȊȐȉȝȖȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȍȕ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȐșȒțȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȖșȚȈȊȐȊȠȐȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕțȦ ȕȈ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ 175


176 șȟȈșȚȤȧ, ȌȖșȚȖȐȕ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȕȈțȒț Ȗ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ ȞȍȕȕȖșȚȧȝ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, Ȗ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ, Țȣ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖȗȐșȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, țȒȈȏȈȊ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȗțȚȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ șȊȖȐȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ Ȋ ȝțȌȠȍȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȍȖȓȖȋȐȧ - ȥȚȖ șȓȖȎȕȈȧ ȕȈțȒȈ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȌȍȓȖ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ ǩȖȋȈ. ȅȚȖ ȕȍ ȚȖȚ ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȓȦȌȐ, șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȍ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȊȍȌțȡȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ, Ȋ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȊȠȐȍșȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȌȖȗțșȒȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȦ ȥȚȖȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȑ ȕȈțȒȐ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȕȍȌȊțșȔȣșȓȍȕȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȑȏ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ șȖȚȍȕ Ȑ Țȣșȧȟ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȍȌȊȈ ȓȐ ȖȌȐȕ ȌȖșȚȖȐȕ ȖșȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ, Ȉ Ȑȏ Țȣșȧȟ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȓȐȠȤ ȍȌȐȕȐȞȣ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȚȍȖȓȖȋȐȟȍșȒțȦ ȕȈțȒț, ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȦȡțȦ ǩȖȋȈ ȒȈȒ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȤ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǵȈȘȈȌȈ șȖȊȍȚțȍȚ ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȚȤ ȕȈțȒț Ȗ ǩȖȋȍ, ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȊ ǭȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ. ǹȈȔ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȖȟȍȕȤ șȊȍȌțȡ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȕȈțȒȍ Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧȔ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, Ȗȕ ȒȈȒ ȘȈȏ ȚȖȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȍȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȚȤ, Ȉ ȀțȒȈȌȍȊȈ ǫȖșȊȈȔȐ, șȣȕ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, - ȐȔȍȕȕȖ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȍȍ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ. «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» - ȊȍȘȠȐȕȈ ȚȍȖȓȖȋȐȐ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȖȏȌȍȑșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȒȈȒ ȓȍȒȈȘșȚȊȖ. Ǫ ȕȍȔ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȚșȧ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȔȍȎȌț ȕȐȔ Ȑ ǹȈȔȐȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȕȍȚ ȘȈȏȕȐȞȣ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ - ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȖȍ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǩȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȍȔț ȔȐȘșȒȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȔȖȋțȚ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ, șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕțȊȠȐșȤ ș ǵȐȔ, ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȐȏȓȍȟȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȍȌțȋȖȊ. ǶȗȣȚȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȖȚȒȘȣȊȈȚȤ ȕȖȊȣȍ ȗțȚȐ Ȑ ȐȏȖȉȘȍȚȈȚȤ ȕȖȊȣȍ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȚȤ ȕȍȊȍȘțȦȡȐȝ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ Ȑ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ - ȥȚȖ ȌȐȕȈȔȐȟȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, Ȑ ȖȗȣȚȕȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚȤ ȌȍȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȔȍȚȖȌȣ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȕȍȌȘȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ Ȋ Țțȗȣȍ țȔȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǺȈȒ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț șȗȖșȖȉȕȈ Ȋ ȒȖȘȕȍ ȐȏȔȍȕȐȚȤ ȖȉȘȈȏ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȋȓțȗȣȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȖȊ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓȐ ȕȍȖȉȣȟȈȑȕțȦ ȐȏȖȉȘȍȚȈȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȐ. ǹȓȍȌțȧ ȥȚȖȔț ȔȍȚȖȌț, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȊȘȈȎȌȣ Ȋ ȕȖȘȔȈȓȤȕȖȍ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȕȐ ȔȖȋȓȐ ȎȐȚȤ Ȋ ȔȐȘȍ Ȑ ȐȌȚȐ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 17 ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈȔ ȟȈȘȈȕȈȔȉțȌȎȈȔ ȝȈȘȍȘ ȉȝȈȌȎȈȕȕ ȈȗȈȒȊȖ 'ȚȝȈ ȗȈȚȍȚ ȚȈȚȖ ȑȈȌȐ ȑȈȚȘȈ ȒȊȈ ȊȈȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ ȈȉȝțȌ ȈȔțȠȑȈ ȒȐȔ ȒȖ ȊȈȘȚȝȈ ȈȗȚȖ 'ȉȝȈȌȎȈȚȈȔ șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈȚȈȝ ȚȑȈȒȚȊȈ - ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ; șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈȔ - șȊȖȦ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ; ȟȈȘȈȕȈȈȔȉțȌȎȈȔ - ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȍ șȚȖȗȣ; ȝȈȘȍȝ - ǽȈȘȐ (ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ); ȉȝȈȌȎȈȕ - Ȋ ȝȖȌȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ; ȈȗȈȒȊȈȝ - ȕȍȏȘȍȓȣȑ; ȈȚȝȈ - ȗȖ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȍ; ȗȈȚȍȚ - ȗȈȌȈȍȚ; ȚȈȚȈȝ - ș ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ; ȑȈȌȐ - ȍșȓȐ; ȑȈȚȘȈ - ȋȌȍ; ȒȊȈ - ȟȚȖ ȉȣ ȚȖ ȕȐ ȉȣȓȖ; ȊȈ - ȐȓȐ (ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȕȖ ȐȘȖȕȐȟȍșȒȐ); ȈȉȝȈȌȘȈȔ - ȕȍȉȓȈȋȖȗȘȐȧȚȕȖȍ; ȈȉȝțȚ - șȓțȟȐȚșȧ; ȈȔțȠȑȈ - ș ȕȐȔ; ȒȐȔ - ȕȐȟȍȋȖ; ȒȈȝ ȊȈ ȈȘȚȝȈȝ - ȒȈȒȈȧ ȊȣȋȖȌȈ; ȈȗȚȈȝ - ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚșȧ; ȈȉȝȈȌȎȈȚȈȔ - ȕȍȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ; șȊȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈȚȈȝ - ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȦȡȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕțȦ 176


177 ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȖșȚȈȊȐȊȠȐȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȧ ȘȈȌȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȕȖ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȑ ȏȘȍȓȖșȚȐ, ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȈșȚȤ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȕȍțȌȈȟȍ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȗȓȖȝȖȋȖ. ǹ ȌȘțȋȖȑ șȚȖȘȖȕȣ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȕȍ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȡȐȑșȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ ȍȔț ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǭșȓȐ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȗȉ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȧȝ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȚȖ Ȑȝ ȉȍșȟȐșȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ. DzȈȎȌȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ Ȋ ȌȖȓȋț ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ț șȊȖȐȝ ȘȖȌȐȚȍȓȍȑ, ȟȓȍȕȖȊ șȊȖȍȑ șȍȔȤȐ, ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ, șȚȘȈȕȣ, ȊșȍȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȌȈȓȍȍ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȗȖȥȚȖȊ, ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȖȊ, țȟȍȕȣȝ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȐȝ. ǶȌȕȈȒȖ Ȋ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȚȒȈȏȈȚȤșȧ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ ȥȚȖȚ ȌȖȓȋ ȗȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ȕȐȔ Ȑ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǰȚȈȒ, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖșȚțȗȈȍȚ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ Ȑ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ țșȗȍȝȈ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, - ȥȚȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȖ. ǵȖ ȉȣȊȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȍȚ șȍȉȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȗȖȌ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍȔ ȥȔȖȞȐȑ, Ȑ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȐȟȐȕ, ȗȖ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ Ȗȕ șȝȖȌȐȚ ș ȗțȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ȊșȚțȗȈȧ Ȋ ȕȍȎȍȓȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ. ǰșȚȖȘȐȧ ȏȕȈȍȚ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣȝ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȖȊ. ǩȝȈȘȈȚȈ ǴȈȝȈȘȈȌȎȈ ȊȣȕțȎȌȍȕ ȉȣȓ ȘȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȓȍȕȍȔ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ șȊȖȍȑ șȐȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȖȓȍȕȍȕȒț. Ǫ ȔȖȔȍȕȚ șȔȍȘȚȐ Ȗȕ ȌțȔȈȓ Ȗȉ ȖȓȍȕȍȕȒȍ Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ șȚȈȓ ȖȓȍȕȍȔ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȑ ȕȍ ȏȈȉȣȓ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ș ȕȐȔ ȉȣȓȖ Ȋ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǨȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, ǿȐȚȘȈȒȍȚț ȗȈȓ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȕȈȕȍș șȚȖȗȈȔ ȀȐȊȣ. ǰ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȏȌȍșȤ ȗȖȌȟȍȘȒȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȗȈȌȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ, ȌȈȎȍ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȊ ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕȣȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȊȝȖȌȧȡȐȍ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȏȈȉțȌȍȚ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȕȈȟȈȊ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȗȕ ȉțȌȍȚ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǭȔț ȗȘȐ ȓȦȉȣȝ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈȝ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȔȈȓȈȧ ȚȖȓȐȒȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȣȘțȟȐȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȋ șȈȔȖȔ ȖȗȈșȕȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ. ǰșȚȖȘȐȧ ȏȕȈȍȚ ȚȖȔț ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȖȊ. ǶȌȐȕ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ - ǨȌȎȈȔȐȓȈ. Ǫ ȌȍȚșȚȊȍ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, ȕȖ Ȋ ȦȕȖșȚȐ ȗȈȓ. ǰ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȎȐȏȕȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȗȈș ȍȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 18 ȚȈșȑȈȐȊȈ ȝȍȚȖȝ ȗȘȈȑȈȚȍȚȈ ȒȖȊȐȌȖ ȕȈ ȓȈȉȝȑȈȚȍ ȑȈȌ ȉȝȘȈȔȈȚȈȔ țȗȈȘȑ ȈȌȝȈȝ ȚȈȓ ȓȈȉȝȑȈȚȍ ȌțȝȒȝȈȊȈȌ ȈȕȑȈȚȈȝ șțȒȝȈȔ ȒȈȓȍȕȈ șȈȘȊȈȚȘȈ ȋȈȉȝȐȘȈ-ȘȈȔȝȈșȈ ȚȈșȑȈ - ș ȥȚȖȑ ȞȍȓȤȦ; ȥȊȈ - ȚȖȓȤȒȖ; ȝȍȚȖȝ - ȗȘȐȟȐȕȈ; ȗȘȈȑȈȚȍȚȈ - șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȘȐȓȈȋȈȚȤ țșȐȓȐȧ; ȒȖȊȐȌȈȝ - ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ șȒȓȖȕȍȕ Ȓ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȐ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȓȈȉȝȑȈȚȍ - ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ; ȑȈȚ - ȟȚȖ; ȉȝȘȈȔȈȚȈȔ - șȚȘȈȕșȚȊțȧ; țȗȈȘȐ ȈȌȝȈȝ - șȊȍȘȝț ȌȖȕȐȏț; ȚȈȚ ȚȖ; ȓȈȉȝȑȈȚȍ - ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ; ȌțȝȒȈȊȈȚ - ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȤȧȔ; ȈȕȑȈȚȈȝ - Ȋ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; șțȒȝȈȔ - țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊ; ȒȈȓȍȕȈ - Ȋ șȊȖȑ șȘȖȒ; șȈȘȊȈȚȘȈ - ȊșȦȌț; ȋȈȉȝȐȘȈ - șȒȘȣȚȖ; ȘȈȔȝȈșȈ - ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ. ǰșȚȐȕȕȖ ȘȈȏțȔȕȣȍ Ȑ șȒȓȖȕȕȣȍ Ȓ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ șȚȘȍȔȐȚȤșȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȓ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȦ ȚȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȖȉȖȑȚȐ ȊșȦ ȍȍ - ȖȚ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȣ [ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȐ] ȌȖ ȕȐȏȠȍȑ [ǷȈȚȈȓȣ]. ǿȚȖ Ȏȍ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ șȟȈșȚȤȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȧȚ 177


178 ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȚȖ Ȋ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȑ șȘȖȒ ȖȕȖ șȈȔȖ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȓ ȕȈȔ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ, ȒȈȒ Ȋ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȑ șȘȖȒ Ȓ ȕȈȔ ȊȖȗȘȍȒȐ ȕȈȠȍȑ ȊȖȓȍ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ ȕȍȗȘȖȠȍȕȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȎȌȣȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȐȏȖ Ȋșȍȝ șȐȓ șȚȈȘȈȍȚșȧ ȐșȗȣȚȈȚȤ ȒȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȑ. ǶȌȕȐ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚșȧ ȚȖȘȋȖȊȓȍȑ, ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȘȈȉȖȚȈȦȚ Ȋ ȗȘȖȔȣȠȓȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȚȘȍȚȤȐ ȚȘțȌȧȚșȧ ȘȈȌȐ ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ, ȟȍȚȊȍȘȚȣȍ ȌȖȉȐȊȈȦȚșȧ ȗȖȓȐȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȌȈȓȍȍ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ Ȑȏ ȕȐȝ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚșȧ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ șȟȈșȚȤȍ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȕțȊ ȊȣșȠȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ. ǫȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȖȉȐȚȈȚȍȓȐ dzțȕȣ, ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȕȈȗȐȚȒț șȖȔȈ-ȘȈșȈ, ȖȉȘȍȚȈȦȚ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȚȤ ȉȖȓȤȠȍȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ǷȐȚȘȐȓȖȒȐ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ șȗȖșȖȉȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȟțȊșȚȊ ȒȈȒ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ Ȋ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȗȖșȓȍ șȔȍȘȚȐ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȗȣȚȈȦȚșȧ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ dzțȕȣ ȐȓȐ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȍȝȈȕȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȘȍȌșȚȊ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȐȔ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȝȖȟȍȚșȧ ȖȒȈȏȈȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȈȝ, ȕȍ țȚȘțȎȌȈȧ șȍȉȧ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ. ǵȖ ȥȚȖ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȗȖ ȏȈȒȖȕț ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȍȋȖ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȔȍșȚȈ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȣ Ȍȓȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȑ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș Ȑȝ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȋ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȔ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȟȍșȚȐȊȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȍȔȈȧ ȉȖȋȖȖȚȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔȐ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȐȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȑ șȍȔȤȍ, ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ, ȝȖȘȖȠȍȍ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕțȦ ȊȕȍȠȕȖșȚȤ. Ǵȣ ȔȖȎȍȔ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȌȖȉȘȣȍ ȌȍȓȈ ȌȈȦȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȍ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȑ ȏȈȘȈȉȖȚȈȚȤ ȌȍȕȤȋȐ. ǺȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ Ȑ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ Ȕȣ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȔ ȎȍȓȈȍȔȖȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ șȊȖȐȔ ȌȖȉȘȣȔ ȌȍȓȈȔ. Ǩ ȐȕȈȟȍ ȌȊȖȍ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȝșȧ Ȋ ȖȌȕȖȔ ȔȍșȚȍ Ȑ Ȋ ȖȌȕȖ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȕȍ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȓȐ ȉȣ ȘȈȏȕȣȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ, șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ Ȑȝ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǵȖ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȍȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ. ǫȌȍ ȉȣ Ȕȣ ȕȐ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓȐșȤ - ȕȈ ȊȣșȖȟȈȑȠȍȑ ȗȓȈȕȍȚȍ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȍ ȐȓȐ ȕȈ ȕȐȏȠȍȑ ǷȈȚȈȓȍ - ȕȈȠȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȏȔȍȕȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȐ ȖȚ ȕȈȠȐȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ. ǹȒȓȖȕȕȣȑ Ȓ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȘȍȓȤȡȈȚȤșȧ ȥȚȐȔȐ ȐȏȔȍȕȟȐȊȣȔȐ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧȔȐ. Ƕȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ șȚȈȘȈȚȤșȧ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȊȍȟȕțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ Ȋ ȏȕȈȕȐȐ Ȑ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȍ, Ȑȏ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȍȔț ȕȍ ȗȘȐȌȍȚșȧ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȒȈȒțȦ-ȓȐȉȖ Ȑȏ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȖȋȖ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ. ǹȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȑ șȔȍȠȈȕȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ - ȌȊȈ ȈșȗȍȒȚȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȖȕȐ ȍșȚȤ Ȑ ȕȈ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȓȖȒȍ, Ȑ ȕȈ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȓȖȒȈȝ, ȍșȚȤ ȖȕȐ Ȑ Ȋ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ, Ȑ Ȋ ȎȐȏȕȐ șȊȐȕȍȑ Ȑ șȖȉȈȒ. ǹȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȑ șȔȍȠȈȕȕȖȍ șȟȈșȚȤȍ Ȋșȍȝ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȈȦȚșȧ ȓȐȠȤ ȗȖ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ Ȑ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊț, ȕȖ ȕȐȒȚȖ ȏȌȍșȤ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȏȉȍȎȈȚȤ țȋȖȚȖȊȈȕȕȣȝ ȍȔț ȔțȒ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ, șȔȍȘȚȐ, șȚȈȘȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȍȑ. ǺȖȟȕȖ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȖȚȊȍȌȍȕȈ ȍȋȖ ȌȖȓȧ șȟȈșȚȤȧ. DzȈȒ ȉȣ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȐ șȚȈȘȈȓșȧ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȔȖȎȍȚ țȊȍȓȐȟȐȚȤ ȐȓȐ țȔȍȕȤȠȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȍȔț șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȘȈȌȖșȚȐ. ǰ ȘȈȌȖșȚȐ, Ȑ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȤȧ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȧȚ Ȑ țȝȖȌȧȚ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȍ șȚȖȐȚ ȏȘȧ ȚȘȈȚȐȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȕȈ ȥȚȐ ȥȜȍȔȍȘȕȣȍ ȊȍȡȐ; ȕțȎȕȖ șȚȘȍȔȐȚȤșȧ ȓȐȠȤ Ȓ ȖȌȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ - ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȦ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ȅȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȖ șȚȈȚȤ ȌȍȓȖȔ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 19 ȕȈ ȊȈȐ ȌȎȈȕȖ ȌȎȈȚț ȒȈȚȝȈȕȟȈȕȈȊȘȈȌȎȍȕ ȔțȒțȕȌȈ-șȍȊȑ ȈȕȑȈȊȈȌ ȈȕȋȈ șȈȔșȘȐȚȐȔ șȔȈȘȈȕ ȔțȒțȕȌȈȕȋȝȘȑ-țȗȈȋțȝȈȕȈȔ ȗțȕȈȘ ȊȐȝȈȚțȔ Ȑȟȟȝȍȕ ȕȈ ȘȈșȈ-ȋȘȈȝȖ ȌȎȈȕȈȝ 178


179 ȕȈ - ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ; ȊȈȐ - ȕȍșȖȔȕȍȕȕȖ; ȌȎȈȕȈȝ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ; ȌȎȈȚț - ȒȖȋȌȈ-ȓȐȉȖ; ȒȈȚȝȈȕȟȈȕȈ - ȚȈȒ ȐȓȐ ȐȕȈȟȍ; ȈȊȘȈȌȎȍȚ - ȕȍ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȋȈȍȚșȧ; ȔțȒțȕȌȈ-șȍȊȐ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȈȕȑȈȊȈȚ - ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȌȘțȋȐȔ; ȈȕȋȈ - Ȗ ȔȖȑ ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ; șȈȔșȘȐȚȐȔ - ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ; șȔȈȘȈȕ - ȗȖȔȕȧ; ȔțȒțȕȌȈ-ȈȕȋȝȘȐ - ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȍ șȚȖȗȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; țȗȈȋțȝȈȕȈȔ - ȖȉȕȐȔȈȧ; ȗțȕȈȝ - ȊȕȖȊȤ; ȊȐȝȈȚțȔ - ȎȍȓȈȧ ȖșȚȈȊȐȚȤ; ȐȟȟȝȍȚ - ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ; ȕȈ - ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ; ȘȈșȈ-ȋȘȈȝȈȝ - ȊȒțșȐȊȠȐȑ ȘȈșȣ; ȌȎȈȕȈȝ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ. ǴȖȑ ȌȖȘȖȋȖȑ ǪȑȈșȈ, ȌȈȎȍ ȍșȓȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȗȖȘȖȑ ȗȈȌȈȍȚ, Ȗȕ, ȉȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȕȍ ȎȐȊȍȚ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ, ȒȈȒ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ [ȏȈȕȧȚȣȍ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ.], ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȖȡțȚȐȊȠȐȑ șȓȈȌȖșȚȤ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȕȐȟȍȔ ȌȘțȋȐȔ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȒȈȒ ȊȕȖȊȤ Ȑ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȊșȗȖȔȐȕȈȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȥȒșȚȈȚȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȡțȡȍȕȐȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǻ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȈȔ șȖȉȖȑ ȗȘȖȗȈȌȈȍȚ ȐȕȚȍȘȍș Ȓ ȗȘȍȓȍșȚȧȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ - ȘȈșȈ-ȋȘȈȝȈ (ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȊȒțșȐȓ șȓȈȌȖșȚȤ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ). ǩȍȏțșȓȖȊȕȖ, ȍșȚȤ ȔȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȖȊ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȕȍȉȓȈȋȖȗȘȐȧȚȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ șȝȖȌȐȓȐ ș ȗțȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȔ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȒȓȖȕȕȣ Ȓ ȌȍȋȘȈȌȈȞȐȐ. ǵȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȈ ȗȈȌȠȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȔȖȚȘȍȚȤ ȒȈȒ ȕȈ ȗȈȌȠȍȋȖ ȒȈȘȔȐ. DzȈȘȔȐ șȚȘȈȌȈȍȚ ȖȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ șȊȖȍȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, Ȉ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐșȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ, ȕȈȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ. ǹȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ șȐȘȖȚȣ Ȑ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ ȓȦȉȐȔȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ ȞȈȘȧ - ȌȈȓȍȒȖ ȕȍ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑ ȚȖ Ȏȍ. ǹȐȘȖȚȈ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȎȈȓȖȒ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȒȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȉȣ Ȗ ȕȍȔ ȗȖȏȈȉȖȚȐȓșȧ, Ȉ ȓȦȉȐȔȣȑ șȣȕ ȉȖȋȈȚȖȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȖȗȍȒȖȑ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȊȓȐȧȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȖȚȞȈ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȑ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȒȈȏȈȚȤșȧ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ Ȋ ȖȌȐȕȈȒȖȊȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ ș șȐȘȖȚȖȑ. ǰȏ-ȏȈ ȌțȘȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ ȗȖȌȘȈȎȈȍȚ ȓȦȌȧȔ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȔ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ. ȅȚȐ ȓȦȌȐ ȝȖȚȧȚ ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈȌ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ ȔȐȘȖȔ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ-ȕȍȖȜȐȚ ȗȖ ȋȓțȗȖșȚȐ ȘȈșșȟȐȚȣȊȈȍȚ Ȋ ȖȉȔȍȕ ȕȈ șȊȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȒȈȒȖȍȓȐȉȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍ. ǰȕȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǹȈȔ șȚȈȊȐȚ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȋȓțȗȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ Ȋ ȏȈȚȘțȌȕȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ǷȘȖȧȊȐȊ Ȓ ȕȍȔț ȖșȖȉțȦ ȉȓȈȋȖșȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȚȖȉȘȈȚȤ ț ȕȍȋȖ Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȐȔțȡȍșȚȊȖ, Ȑ Ȋ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȍ ȖȚ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȏȈȉȓțȌȠȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȚȊȖȘȈȟȐȊȈȦȚșȧ Ȋșȍ ȍȋȖ ȌȘțȏȤȧ Ȑ ȘȖȌșȚȊȍȕȕȐȒȐ. ǺȖȋȌȈ Ȗȕ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ șȍȉȧ Ȑ șȕȖȊȈ ȖȉȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ ȚȈȒȎȍ, ȟȚȖ ȚȈȒȖȔț ȗȈȌȠȍȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț ȌȈȍȚșȧ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȘȖȌȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ șȍȔȤȍ ȒȊȈȓȐȜȐȞȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ ȐȓȐ ȉȖȋȈȚȣȝ ȒȖȔȔȍȘșȈȕȚȖȊ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȖȒȈȏȈȊȠȐȑșȧ Ȋ ȚȈȒȖȔ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȐ, ȕȍ ȚȈȒ țȌȈȟȓȐȊ, ȒȈȒ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȕȈȒȈȏȈȕ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȗȖșȚȈȊȓȍȕ ǰȔ Ȋ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȒȈȎțȡȍȑșȧ ȉȍșȗȖȔȖȡȕȖșȚȐ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, șȚȈȊȠȐȑ ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȉȍșȗȖȔȖȡȕȣȔ, ȉȖȓȍȍ țȌȈȟȓȐȊ, ȟȍȔ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȘȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȑ șȍȔȤȍ. ȅȚȐ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, ȘȖȌȐȊȠȐȍșȧ Ȋ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȑ șȍȔȤȍ, ȔȖȋțȚ ȏȈȉȣȚȤ Ȗ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȐȔ ȗȖȊȍȏȓȖ ȔȍȕȤȠȍ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓȐ Ȋșȍ, ȊȣȗȈȓȈ ȉȖȓȤȠȈȧ țȌȈȟȈ, ȐȉȖ Ȗȕ, ȖșȖȏȕȈȊ șȊȖȦ ȗȖȓȕțȦ ȉȍșȗȖȔȖȡȕȖșȚȤ, ȉȣșȚȘȍȍ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǿȐșȚȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚ ȚȈȒȖȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ȕȍȗȘȖȐȏȊȖȓȤȕȖ țȚȘȈȟȐȊȈȦȚ ȐȕȚȍȘȍș Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ țȌȖȊȖȓȤșȚȊȐȧȔ. 179


180 ȅȚȖ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȕțȚȖȋȖ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ. ǿȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȖȔȕȐȚ Ȗ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȝ șȚȖȗȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȚȘȍȝ ȔȐȘȖȊ ȕȍ Ȋ șȐȓȈȝ ȏȈșȚȈȊȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȝȖȚȤ ȕȈ ȔȐȋ ȏȈȉȣȚȤ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 20 ȐȌȈȔ ȝȐ ȊȐȠȊȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȐȊȍȚȈȘȖ ȑȈȚȖ ȌȎȈȋȈȚ-șȚȝȈȕȈ-ȕȐȘȖȌȝȈ-șȈȔȉȝȈȊȈȝ ȚȈȌ ȌȝȐ șȊȈȑȈȔ ȊȍȌȈ ȉȝȈȊȈȔș ȚȈȚȝȈȗȐ Țȍ ȗȘȈȌȍȠȈ-ȔȈȚȘȈȔ ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈȝ ȗȘȈȌȈȘȠȐȚȈȔ ȐȌȈȔ - ȥȚȖȚ; ȝȐ - ȊȍșȤ; ȊȐȠȊȈȔ - ȒȖșȔȖș; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ - ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ; ȐȊȈ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȚȖ Ȏȍ; ȐȚȈȘȈȝ - ȖȚȓȐȟȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ; ȑȈȚȈȝ - ȖȚ ȒȖȋȖ; ȌȎȈȋȈȚ - ȔȐȘȣ; șȚȝȈȕȈ șțȡȍșȚȊțȦȚ; ȕȐȘȖȌȝȈ - țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȍ; șȈȔȉȝȈȊȈȝ - ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ; ȚȈȚ ȝȐ - Ȋșȍ Ȗ; șȊȈȑȈȔ - ȓȐȟȕȖ; ȊȍȌȈ - ȏȕȈȍȠȤ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕ - șȈȔ; ȚȈȚȝȈ ȈȗȐ - Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ; Țȍ - Țȍȉȍ; ȗȘȈȌȍȠȈȔȈȚȘȈȔ - ȓȐȠȤ ȒȘȈȚȒȖȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ; ȉȝȈȊȈȚȈȝ - Țȍȉȍ; ȗȘȈȌȈȘȠȐȚȈȔ - ȗȘȍȗȖȌȈȓ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ǹȈȔ ȍșȚȤ ȥȚȖȚ ȒȖșȔȖș, Ȑ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ Ƕȕ - Ȋ șȚȖȘȖȕȍ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ. ȅȚȖ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑȏ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȈ ǵȍȔ ȖȕȖ ȗȖȒȖȐȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ ǵȍȋȖ ȗȖȋȘțȎȈȍȚșȧ ȗȖșȓȍ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȧ. Ǻȍȉȍ ȐȏȊȍșȚȕȖ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ Ȋșȍ, ȧ Ȏȍ ȓȐȠȤ ȊȒȘȈȚȞȍ ȐȏȓȖȎȐȓ ȥȚȖ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǿȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȏȕȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ț ǴțȒțȕȌȣ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȍșȚȤ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ Ȑ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȕȣȑ, Ȑ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȣȑ ȈșȗȍȒȚȣ. ǩȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȍ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȔȐȘȖȏȌȈȕȐȍ - ȚȖȎȍ ǴțȒțȕȌȈ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȖȕȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ ȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȍȑ Ȑȏ ǵȍȋȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǺȈȒ, Ȓ ȗȘȐȔȍȘț, ȌȍȘȍȊȖ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȍȌȐȕȖȍ ȞȍȓȖȍ, Ȉ ȓȐșȚȤȧ Ȑ ȊȍȚȊȐ - ȍȋȖ ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ, ȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȐȍ Ȑȏ ȕȍȋȖ. dzȐșȚȤȧ Ȑ ȊȍȚȊȐ ȚȖȎȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȌȍȘȍȊȖȔ, ȕȖ șȈȔȖ ȌȍȘȍȊȖ - ȕȍ ȓȐșȚȤȧ Ȑ ȕȍ ȊȍȚȊȐ. ǷȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ, ȋȓȈșȧȡȍȍ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȍșȚȤ ȕȍ ȟȚȖ ȐȕȖȍ, ȒȈȒ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȋșȍ ȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȑȏ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȚȌȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȖȚ ǵȍȋȖ. ǨȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȘțȒȐ Ȑ ȕȖȋȐ - ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȚȍȓȈ - șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȚȍȓȖȔ, ȝȖȚȧ ȚȍȓȖ ȒȈȒ ȍȌȐȕȖȍ ȞȍȓȖȍ - ȥȚȖ ȕȍ ȘțȒȐ Ȑ ȕȍ ȕȖȋȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȍșȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȊȍȟȕȈȧ ȜȖȘȔȈ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȣ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȖȚȟȈșȚȐ ȒȈȎȍȚșȧ ȊȍȟȕȣȔ, Ȑș ȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȣ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ, ȔȈȑȍȑ, ȏȈȗțȚȈȓȐșȤ Ȋ șȍȚȧȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǶȕȐ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȒȘȖȔȍ ȕȍȍ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍȚ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȦȚ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȍȔșȧ ȗȍȘȊȖȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȊșȍȋȖ. ǵȍȚ ț ȕȐȝ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȚȍȓȈ, ȍșȓȐ Ȑȝ ȖȚȌȍȓȐȚȤ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ, țȎȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȍ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȚȍȔȐ ȘțȒȈȔȐ Ȑ ȕȖȋȈȔȐ, ȒȈȒȐȔȐ ȖȕȐ ȉȣȓȐ, ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈ Țȍȓț. ǷȖ ȈȕȈȓȖȋȐȐ ș ȥȚȐȔ, ȉȍȏȉȖȎȕȈȧ ȞȐȊȐȓȐȏȈȞȐȧ, ȕȍ șȊȧȏȈȕȕȈȧ ș ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȈ ȖȚȖȘȊȈȕȕȖȑ ȘțȒȍ ȐȓȐ ȕȖȋȍ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȚȍȓȈ ȊȕȍȠȕȍ ȕȈȗȖȔȐȕȈȦȚ ȘțȒȐ Ȑ ȕȖȋȐ, ȕȖ ȕȐ Ȍȓȧ ȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȋȖȌȕȣ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȓ ȥȚȖ, ȕȖ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ șȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ȍȔț ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȚȤ ȥȚț ȐȌȍȦ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȗȖȌȘȖȉȕȖ - ȚȈȒ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȑȔȈȕȕȣȔ Ȋ ȓȖȊțȠȒț ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȌțȠȈȔ ȉȣȓȖ ȓȍȋȟȍ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȗȖțȟȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȗȍȘȊȖȗȘȐȟȐȕț ȊșȍȋȖ șțȡȍȋȖ. ǷȖ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȔ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȐȔ, Ȑ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, ǭȋȖ ȊȣșȠȐȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣ Ȑ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣ ǭȔț. ǰ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ, Ȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȕȍȉȍșȈ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ Ȑȝ ȈȚȘȐȉțȚȣ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȥȔȈȕȈȞȐȍȑ 180


181 ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ Ȑ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪȕȍȠȕȧȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȕȐȏȒȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, Ȉ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȧȧ - ȉȖȓȍȍ ȊȣșȖȒȖȍ. ǪȣșȠȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ - ȥȚȖ ȎȐȏȕȍȕȕȈȧ șȐȓȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȖȕȈ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈ ǭȔț, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȊȕȍȠȕȧȧ, ȐȕȍȘȚȕȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈ ǭȔț ȓȐȠȤ ȖȚȟȈșȚȐ. ǵȖ Ȗȉȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȕȍ ȘȈȊȕȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȕȍ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȧȚ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȍȋȖșȧ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȖȔ Ȋșȍȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ. ǶȕȐ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȍȋȖ ȒȖȕȚȘȖȓȍȔ, ȒȈȒ ȥȓȍȒȚȘȖȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ, ȒȈȒȖȑ ȉȣ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȖȕȈ ȕȐ ȉȣȓȈ, ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȗȖȌ ȒȖȕȚȘȖȓȍȔ ȐȕȎȍȕȍȘȈ. dzȦȌȐ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȌȘțȋȐȍ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȣ ȊȕțȚȘȍȕȕȍȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ǭȔț, ȕȖ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȘȈȊȕȧȚȤșȧ ș dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ ȐȓȐ ȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȚȐ ǭȋȖ. ǰ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȑ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȐȕȌȐȊȐȌțȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȐ. ǹ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȚȖȎȍ ȟȚȖ-ȚȖ șȖȏȌȈȦȚ, ȕȖ ȕȐ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑȏ Ȑȝ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȑ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȘȈȊȕȐȚȤșȧ ș ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȐȓȐ ȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȚȐ ȍȋȖ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȔȈȓȍȕȤȒȐȑ ȐȋȘțȠȍȟȕȣȑ șȗțȚȕȐȒ Ȑ ȏȈȗțșȚȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȒȖșȔȖș, ȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȍȡȍ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ, șȓȖȊȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, șȖȏȌȈȚȤ ȗȓȈȕȍȚț, ȗȖȌȖȉȕțȦ ǯȍȔȓȍ ȐȓȐ dzțȕȍ, ȏȈșȚȈȊȐȊ ȍȍ ȗȓȈȊȈȚȤ Ȋ ȊȖȏȌțȝȍ. dzȦȌȐ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ șȒțȌȕȣȔȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ, ȏȈȧȊȓȧȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȘȈȊȕȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǵȖ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȘȈȊȕȣ ǭȔț. ȅȚȖȋȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ. ǬȖșȚȐȋȕțȊ ȗȖȓȕȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȉȘȍșȚȐ ȏȕȈȟȐȚȍȓȤȕțȦ ȌȖȓȦ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ (ȖȒȖȓȖ șȍȔȐȌȍșȧȚȐ ȊȖșȤȔȐ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ), ȕȖ ȕȐȒȚȖ Ȑ ȕȐȒȖȋȌȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȍȊȏȖȑȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȐȓȐ șȚȈȚȤ ȘȈȊȕȣȔ ǭȔț. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȍȕȕȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ ȋȓțȗȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȔȖȋțȚ ȏȈȧȊȓȧȚȤ Ȗ șȊȖȍȔ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, ȗȖȗȈȌȈȧ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȋ ȓȖȊțȠȒț ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, șȉȐȊȠȐȍșȧ ș ȗțȚȐ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȚȤ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ șȖȋȓȈșȐȚȤșȧ ș ȓȦȉȖȊȤȦ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǭȔț. Ǭȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȖȕȐ Ȑ ȉȣȓȐ șȖȏȌȈȕȣ. ǩȍȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȋ ȔȐȘȍ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȕȐ șȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȐȧ, ȕȐ șȖȋȓȈșȐȧ. ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ șȖȊȍȚțȍȚ ȀȘȐȓȍ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȤ ȥȚț ȐȌȍȦ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ». Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚșȧ ȚȈ Ȏȍ ȔȣșȓȤ: ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȚȤșȧ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȝ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 21 ȚȊȈȔ ȈȚȔȈȕȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ ȈȊȍȝȑ ȈȔȖȋȝȈ-ȌȘȐȒ ȗȈȘȈșȑȈ ȗțȔșȈȝ ȗȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ ȒȈȓȈȔ ȈȌȎȈȔ ȗȘȈȌȎȈȚȈȔ ȌȎȈȋȈȚȈȝ ȠȐȊȈȑȈ ȚȈȕ ȔȈȝȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȉȝȑțȌȈȑȖ 'ȌȝȐȋȈȕȑȈȚȈȔ ȚȊȈȔ - Țȣ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈ - șȈȔ; ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ - ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠȈ; ȈȊȍȝȐ - ȕȈȑȚȐ; ȈȔȖȋȝȈ-ȌȘȐȒ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȑ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍȔ; ȗȈȘȈșȑȈ - ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ; ȗțȔșȈȝ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȈȕȈȝ - ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȒȈȓȈȔ - ȗȖȓȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ; ȈȌȎȈȔ - ȕȍȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȑ; ȗȘȈȌȎȈȚȈȔ - ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ; ȌȎȈȋȈȚȈȝ - ȔȐȘȈ; ȠȐȊȈȑȈ - ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ; ȚȈȚ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈ - ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ; ȈȉȝȑțȌȈȑȈȝ ȐȋȘȣ; ȈȌȝȐȋȈȕȑȈȚȈȔ - ȖȗȐȠȐ ȒȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȧȘȟȍ. Ƕ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣȑ, Țȣ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȠȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȊȐȌȍȕȐȍȔ. Ǻȣ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǹȊȍȘȝȌțȠț, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȐȉȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȠȤșȧ ȗȖȓȕȖȑ ȟȈșȚȤȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǽȖȚȧ Țȣ ȕȍȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȑ, Țȣ ȗȖȧȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ǯȍȔȓȍ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț, ȖȗȐȠȐ ȒȈȒ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȧȘȟȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. 181


182 DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ - ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȖșȖȉȣȔȐ ȗȖȓȕȖȔȖȟȐȧȔȐ (ǭȋȖ ȗȖȓȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ). ǷȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ Ȗȕ ȕȐȏȖȠȍȓ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤ ȗȈȌȠȐȍ ȌțȠȐ. ǷȈȌȠȐȍ, țȚȘȈȚȐȊȠȐȍ ȗȈȔȧȚȤ ȌțȠȐ ȏȈȉȣȓȐ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȕȍȖȚȢȍȔȓȍȔȣȔȐ ȟȈșȚȐȞȈȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȊȍȟȕȣȔȐ șȓțȋȈȔȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋșȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ șȐșȚȍȔȈȚȐȏȐȘȖȊȈȕȣ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ ȗȈȌȠȐȝ ȌțȠ, Ȑ Ȑȝ ȌȖȓȋ - ȊȖșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ ȥȚȐȔȐ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȔȐ Ȑ ȊȣȉȘȈȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ. ǽȖȚȧ ȜȖȘȔȈȓȤȕȖ ȀȘȐȓȈ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǸȐȠȐ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ, ȀȘȐȓȈ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔ ȕȐ ȖȚ ȒȈȒȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ, Ȋ șțȡȕȖșȚȐ, Ȗȕ șȈȔ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ. ǵȖ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȧ ȔȐșșȐȦ ȈȟȈȘȤȐ, Ȗȕ ȕȈ șȊȖȍȔ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ ȗȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȉȖȑ, ȉțȌȤ Ȗȕ ȌȈȎȍ șȈȔȐȔ ǩȖȋȖȔ, ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǸȈȔȈ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȧ ǩȖȋȈ ȜȖȘȔȈȓȤȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȓȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȑ, ȝȖȚȧ ȗȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ țȎȍ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓȐ Ȋșȍȑ ȗȖȓȕȖȚȖȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ Ȋșȍȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȋ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȣ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 22 ȐȌȈȔ ȝȐ ȗțȔșȈș ȚȈȗȈșȈȝ ȠȘțȚȈșȑȈ ȊȈ șȊȐȠȚȈșȑȈ șțȒȚȈșȑȈ ȟȈ ȉțȌȌȝȐ-ȌȈȚȚȈȑȖȝ ȈȊȐȟȑțȚȖ 'ȘȚȝȈȝ ȒȈȊȐȉȝȐȘ ȕȐȘțȗȐȚȖ ȑȈȌ-țȚȚȈȔȈȠȓȖȒȈ-ȋțȕȈȕțȊȈȘȕȈȕȈȔ ȐȌȈȔ - ȥȚȖ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȗțȔșȈȝ - ȒȈȎȌȖȋȖ; ȚȈȗȈșȈȝ - ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȈșȒȍȏ; ȠȘțȚȈșȑȈ - ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȌ; ȊȈ - ȐȓȐ; șȊȐȠȚȈșȑȈ - ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȍȔ; șțȒȚȈșȑȈ - ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȍȔ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȉțȌȌȝȐ - ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȍȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ; ȌȈȚȚȈȑȖȝ ȘȈȏȌȈȟȍȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȣȕȐ; ȈȊȐȟȑțȚȈȝ - ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ; ȈȘȚȝȈȝ - ȗȖȓȤȏȈ; ȒȈȊȐȉȝȐȝ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȕȣȔȐ țȟȍȕȣȔȐ; ȕȐȘțȗȐȚȈȝ - șȌȍȓȈȕ ȊȣȊȖȌ; ȑȈȚ - ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ; țȚȚȈȔȈȠȓȖȒȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȍȔȣȑ ȐȏȣșȒȈȕȕȣȔȐ șȚȐȝȈȔȐ; ȋțȕȈ-ȈȕțȊȈȘȕȈȕȈȔ - ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊ. ǻȟȍȕȣȍ ȒȘțȋȐ ȗȘȐȠȓȐ Ȓ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȔț ȊȣȊȖȌț, ȟȚȖ ȉȍȏțȗȘȍȟȕȈȧ ȞȍȓȤ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȈ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, șȖșȚȖȧȡȍȋȖ Ȑȏ ȈșȒȍȚȐȏȔȈ, ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȧ ǪȍȌ, ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȕȐȧ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ, ȗȍȕȐȧ ȋȐȔȕȖȊ Ȑ ȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚ șȊȖȍ ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȊȣȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȖșȗȍȚȖȋȖ Ȋ ȊȖȏȊȣȠȍȕȕȣȝ șȚȐȝȈȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǸȈȏȊȐȚȣȑ ȐȕȚȍȓȓȍȒȚ ȌȈȕ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȗȕ țȋȓțȉȓȧȓ șȊȖȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȋ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȍ, ȕȈțȒȍ, ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȐ, ȜȐȏȐȒȍ, ȝȐȔȐȐ, ȗșȐȝȖȓȖȋȐȐ, ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȒȍ, ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒȍ Ȑ ȚȈȒ ȌȈȓȍȍ. ǻȋȓțȉȓȧȧ ȥȚȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȍ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǪȍȘȠȐȕȖȑ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǹțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ǪȐȠȕț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȠȘțȚȐ ȋȓȈșȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ, ȌȖȓȎȕȣ șȚȘȍȔȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ǪȐȠȕț. Dz șȖȎȈȓȍȕȐȦ, ȓȦȌȐ, ȖȟȈȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȍ ȊȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȒȘȈșȖȚȖȑ ȊȐȠȕț-ȔȈȑȐ, ȕȍ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ - șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ - ȔȖȎȕȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǪȐȠȕț. ǪȐȠȕț-ȔȈȑȈ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȍ, ȉȖȓȍȏȕȍȕȕȖȍ Ȑ ȗȘȍȝȖȌȧȡȍȍ. Ǻȍ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȗȈȓșȧ Ȋ ȓȖȊțȠȒț ȊȐȠȕț-ȔȈȑȐ, ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȦȚ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚȣ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȈ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȍȓȧ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ țȎȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȐȓ, ȟȚȖ 182


183 Ȋșȍ ȈȚȘȐȉțȚȣ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ - ȥȚȖ ȥȔȈȕȈȞȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȍșȧ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ǭȋȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǹȊȖȍȑ ȕȍȗȖșȚȐȎȐȔȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȘȐȊȍȓ Ȋ ȌȊȐȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖ-șȓȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ șȊȧȏȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ. ȅȚȐ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȣ Ȑ șȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȐșȝȖȌȧȚ Ȑȏ ǭȋȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȗȖȒȖȧȚșȧ ȕȈ ǭȋȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ Ȑ ȗȖșȓȍ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȧ ȗȖȋȘțȎȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ǵȍȋȖ. ǰȚȈȒ, ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȉȣ ȖȚȓȐȟȕȖ ȖȚ ǵȍȋȖ, Ȑ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȖȚȓȐȟȍȕ ȖȚ ȊșȍȋȖ ȥȚȖȋȖ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȕȈțȟȕȣȑ ȗȘȖȋȘȍșș ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȦȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȊȍșȤ ȗȘȖȞȍșș ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȣȔ. dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȐȔȧ, șȓȈȊȈ, ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟȍȍ ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȕȣ ȌȘțȋ ȖȚ ȌȘțȋȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋșȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ Ȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓȐ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȖ, ȕȈțȒț, ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ, ȜȐȏȐȒț, ȝȐȔȐȦ, ȗșȐȝȖȓȖȋȐȦ Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȐșȒȓȦȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǰșȒțșșȚȊȖ, ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚțȘȈ, ȗȖȥȏȐȧ, ȎȐȊȖȗȐșȤ Ȑ ȗȘ. ȔȖȋțȚ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǩȍȓȓȍȚȘȐșȚȣ, ȗȖȥȚȣ Ȑ ȏȕȈȔȍȕȐȚȣȍ ȓȐȚȍȘȈȚȖȘȣ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȖșȕȖȊȕȖȔ ȚȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȗȐȠțȚ Ȗȉ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȕȖ ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȐ ȖȉȘȈȚȧȚșȧ Ȓ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȚȖ șȔȖȋțȚ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪȈȓȔȐȒȐ ȉȣȓ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȖȥȚȖȔ, Ȉ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȗȐșȈȚȍȓȍȔ, Ȑ ȖȉȈ ȉȣȓȐ ȞȍȓȐȒȖȔ ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȣ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȍȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊ ȚȍȔ șȈȔȣȔ ȉȍșșȔȍȘȚȐȍ. ǵȈțȒț Ȑ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȦ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȘȐȔȍȕȧȚȤ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. Ǫ șțȝȐȝ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȝ ȚȍȖȘȐȧȝ, șȖȏȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȘȈȌȐ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȕȍȚ ȕȐȒȈȒȖȑ ȗȖȓȤȏȣ. ǼȐȓȖșȖȜȐȧ Ȑ ȕȈțȒȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȚȤ șȓȈȊț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪȣșȖȒȖȘȈȏȊȐȚȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕțȦ ǰșȚȐȕț ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȕȈțȒȐ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȉȖȓȤȠȖȔț țȟȍȕȖȔț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȧȚȤ șȊȖȐ țșȐȓȐȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȈțȟȕȖ ȌȖȒȈȏȈȚȤ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ. ǨȕȈȓȖȋȐȟȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȒȐȍ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǪȣșȠȈȧ ǰșȚȐȕȈ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȈ. Ǫșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. Ƕȉ ȥȚȖȔ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ». «ǯȕȈȕȐȍ», ȕȍ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȔȖȍ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, - ȕȍ ȟȚȖ ȐȕȖȍ, ȒȈȒ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ. ǰșȚȐȕȕȖȍ ȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ȗȍȘȍȌȖȊȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȚȤ șȓȈȊț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȑ șȔȣșȓ ȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȚȐȝȈ. ǵȈțȟȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȗȘȐȔȍȕȧȍȔȖȍ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȑ ȊșȧȒȈȧ ȌȘțȋȈȧ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȜȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȝȈȘȐ-ȒȐȘȚȈȕȖȑ, ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 23 ȈȝȈȔ ȗțȘȈȚȐȚȈ-ȉȝȈȊȍ 'ȉȝȈȊȈȔ Ȕțȕȍ ȌȈșȑȈș Țț ȒȈșȑȈȠȟȈȕȈ ȊȍȌȈ-ȊȈȌȐȕȈȔ ȕȐȘțȗȐȚȖ ȉȈȓȈȒȈ ȥȊȈ ȑȖȋȐȕȈȔ ȠțȠȘțȠȈȕȍ ȗȘȈȊȘȐȠȐ ȕȐȘȊȐȊȐȒȠȈȚȈȔ ȈȝȈȔ - ȧ; ȗțȘȈ - ȘȈȕȤȠȍ; ȈȚȐȚȈ-ȉȝȈȊȍ - Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȍȑ ȥȗȖȝȍ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȔ - șȚȈȓ; Ȕțȕȍ Ȗ ȔțȕȐ; ȌȈșȑȈȝ - șȓțȎȈȕȒȐ; Țț - ȕȖ; ȒȈșȑȈȠȟȈȕȈ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȊȍȌȈ-ȊȈȌȐȕȈȔ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ; ȕȐȘțȗȐȚȈȝ - ȏȈȕȧȚ; ȉȈȓȈȒȈȝ - ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒ-șȓțȋȈ; ȥȊȈ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ; ȑȖȋȐȕȈȔ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ; ȠțȠȘțȠȈȕȍ - Ȋ țșȓțȎȍȕȐȐ; ȗȘȈȊȘȐȠȐ - Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȔȍșȧȞȍȊ șȍȏȖȕȈ ȌȖȎȌȍȑ; ȕȐȘȊȐȒȠȈȚȈȔ - ȎȐȊȧ ȊȔȍșȚȍ. Ƕ ǴțȕȐ, Ȋ ȔȐȕțȊȠȍȑ ȥȗȖȝȍ ȧ ȘȖȌȐȓșȧ șȣȕȖȔ ȖȌȕȖȑ șȓțȎȈȕȒȐ, ȗȘȐșȓțȎȐȊȈȊȠȍȑ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȈȔ, ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗȖȊ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ. ǷȖȒȈ ȖȕȐ Ȋ ȚȍȟȍȕȐȍ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȝ ȔȍșȧȞȍȊ șȍȏȖȕȈ ȌȖȎȌȍȑ ȎȐȓȐ ȊȔȍșȚȍ, ȧ 183


184 ȗȘȐșȓțȎȐȊȈȓ ȐȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǯȌȍșȤ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ ȒȘȈȚȒȖ ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȍȚ ȟțȌȖȌȍȑșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȖȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȈȚȔȖșȜȍȘȈ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. Ƕȕ ȉȣȓ șȈȔȖȋȖ ȕȍȏȕȈȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȐșȝȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȕȍ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȋȖ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȐȧ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ Ȏȍ, ȖȚȌȈȊ Ȋșȍ șȊȖȐ șȐȓȣ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, șȚȈȓ ȉȍșșȔȍȘȚȕȣȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȔ. ǺȈȒȖȊȖ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȗȖȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȍȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț Ȑȝ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǭșȓȐ ȖȕȐ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕȍ ȌȍȓȈȦȚ, șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȍ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȖȕȐ ȕȈȝȖȌȧȚșȧ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȔȈȑȍȑ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȋșȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȚȊȓȍȒȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȐȓȓȦȏȐȧ ȔȈȑȐ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȕȖ ȘȈșșȍȐȊȈȍȚșȧ. ǵȈ ȗȘȐȔȍȘȍ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ ǴțȕȐ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȧșȕȖ, ȟȚȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ șȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ȐșȚȐȕȕȣȔ șȓțȋȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǭȋȖ șȓțȋȈȔ ȊȣȠȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǭȔț ǹȈȔȖȔț. ǹȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ Ȟȍȕȕȍȍ, ȟȍȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊȣȉȘȈȚȤ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȋț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǭȔț, Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȓțȋț șȊȖȐȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȔ, ȗȘȐșȚțȗȐȊ Ȓ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȍȔț. ǺȈȒȖȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȘȖȏȘȈȟȕȖȑ șȘȍȌȖȑ, șȒȊȖȏȤ ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȔȖȎȕȖ țȊȐȌȍȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȍȌȖșȚțȗȕȖȋȖ ȊȖșȗȘȐȧȚȐȦ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ. ǪȐȌȧ ȕȈȠȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ, ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ șȖȋȓȈȠȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚȒȘȣȚȤ ȕȈȔ ǹȍȉȧ ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ, ȕȈșȒȖȓȤȒȖ Ȕȣ ȖȚȌȈȍȔ șȍȉȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ. ǵȈȗȘȈȊȐȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ ȕȈ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț - ȊȖȚ ȊȣșȠȐȑ ȗțȚȤ șȗȈșȍȕȐȧ. ǭșȓȐ Ȕȣ șȓțȎȐȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, Ȋșȍ ȒȖșȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǶȗȣȚȕȣȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȟȐȚȍȓȤ, ȒȈȒ șȓțȋȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȊȓȈȌȍȍȚ ȐșȒțșșȚȊȖȔ Ȋșȍ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȖȌ ȍȋȖ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȊȍșȤ ȔȐȘ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ. ǺȈȒȖȊȈ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ șȓțȋȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 24 Țȍ ȔȈȑȑ ȈȗȍȚȈȒȝȐȓȈ-ȟȈȗȈȓȍ 'ȘȉȝȈȒȍ ȌȈȕȚȍ 'ȌȝȘȐȚȈ-ȒȘȐȌȈȕȈȒȍ 'ȕțȊȈȘȚȐȕȐ ȟȈȒȘțȝ ȒȘȐȗȈȔ ȑȈȌȑȈȗȐ ȚțȓȑȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ ȠțȠȘțȠȈȔȈȕȍ ȔțȕȈȑȖ 'ȓȗȈ-ȉȝȈȠȐȕȐ Țȍ - ȖȕȐ; ȔȈȑȐ - Ȕȕȍ; ȈȗȍȚȈ - ȕȍ ȗȘȖȠȍȌȠȐȑ; ȈȒȝȐȓȈ - Ȋșȍȝ ȊȐȌȖȊ; ȟȈȗȈȓȍ ȕȈȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȧȔȐ; ȈȘȉȝȈȒȍ - ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȈ; ȌȈȕȚȍ - ȊȓȈȌȍȦȡȍȋȖ ȟțȊșȚȊȈȔȐ; ȈȌȝȘȐȚȈȒȘȐȌȈȕȈȒȍ - ȕȍ ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍȚȠȍȋȖ ȗȘȐȊȣȟȒȐ Ȓ ȐȋȘȈȔ; ȈȕțȊȈȘȚȐȕȐ - ȗȖșȓțȠȕȖȋȖ; ȟȈȒȘțȝ - ȖȌȈȘȐȓȐ; ȒȘȐȗȈȔ - ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ; ȑȈȌȑȈȗȐ - ȝȖȚȧ; ȚțȓȑȈ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ ȉȍșȗȘȐșȚȘȈșȚȕȣȍ ȗȖ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ; ȠțȠȘțȠȈȔȈȕȍ - ȊȍȘȕȖȔț; ȔțȕȈȑȈȝ - ȔțȕȐ, ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ; ȈȓȗȈ-ȉȝȈȠȐȕȐ - ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȧȡȐȑ ȓȐȠȕȍȋȖ. ǽȖȚȧ ȥȚȐ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ ȗȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ ȉȣȓȐ ȉȍșȗȘȐșȚȘȈșȚȕȣ, ȖȕȐ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȐȓȐ Ȕȍȕȧ șȊȖȍȑ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ. ȇ Ȏȍ țȔȍȓ ȊȓȈȌȍȚȤ șȖȉȖȑ Ȑ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȓ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȐȋȘȈȔ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȑ ȉȣȓ ȍȡȍ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȖȔ. Dz ȚȖȔț Ȏȍ ȧ ȉȣȓ ȗȖșȓțȠȍȕ Ȑ ȕȍ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȓ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ, ȟȍȔ ȕȈȌȖ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ: «ǾȍȓȤ Ȋșȍȝ ǪȍȌ - ȕȈȑȚȐ 184


185 Ǵȍȕȧ». ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ǪȍȌȣ ȘȈșșȔȈȚȘȐȊȈȦȚ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȚȘȐ ȊȖȗȘȖșȈ: ȒȈȒ ȎȐȊȖȔț șțȡȍșȚȊț țșȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ș dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, ȒȈȒ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȧȚȤ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ Ȑ ȒȈȒ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ - ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, șȓȖȊȖ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȈ-ȊȈȌȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ «ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȐ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ», ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǺȈȒȐȍ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȈ-ȊȈȌȐ, ȐȓȐ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ, ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ, ȕȍ ȗȐȚȈȦȚ ȗȘȐșȚȘȈșȚȐȧ ȕȐ Ȓ ȒȖȔț. Ǭȓȧ ȕȐȝ ȕȍȚ ȕȐ ȊȘȈȋȖȊ, ȕȐ ȌȘțȏȍȑ, ȕȐ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȕȣȝ, ȕȐ ȕȍțȟȍȑ. ǶȕȐ ȕȐ Ȓ ȒȖȔț ȕȍ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȦȚ ȕȐ ȖșȖȉȣȝ șȐȔȗȈȚȐȑ, ȕȐ ȕȍȗȘȐȧȏȕȐ. ǩȝȈȒȚȐ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ Ȋ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȍ șȊȖȍȔ ȗȖȗțșȚț ȚȘȈȚȧȚ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȕȈ ȐȓȓȦȏȖȘȕȣȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ. ǭȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȈȕȧȚȐȍ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚ - ȌȍȓȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȊȖșșȚȈȕȖȊȐȓȐ șȊȖȐ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧ ș dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. ǰȝ țșȐȓȐȧȔȐ ȌȈȎȍ șȈȔȣȍ ȏȈȉȣȊȟȐȊȣȍ ȌțȠȐ ȗȘȖȉțȎȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǷȖȓțȟȐȊ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚ, ȓȦȌȐ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȖȌȊȐȋȈȦȚșȧ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǰȚȈȒ, ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȈ-ȊȈȌȐ ȍȡȍ ȌȖ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȕȈțȟȐȓșȧ ȊȓȈȌȍȚȤ șȖȉȖȑ Ȑ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ șȊȖȐ ȌȍȚșȒȐȍ ȐȋȘȣ. ǵȖ ȌȖ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȧ Ȗȕ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȓșȧ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȌȐșȞȐȗȓȐȕȐȘȖȊȈȕȕȣȔ, ȟȚȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ șțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ Ȍȓȧ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ șȚȘȍȔȐȚșȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȐȐ. Ǫ șȐșȚȍȔȍ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȈ-ȌȝȈȘȔȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȏȕȈȔȍȕțȍȚ ȕȈȟȈȓȖ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȔȈȓȍȕȤȒȐȝ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȖȊ ȗȖ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȐ ȐȔȐ ȗȧȚȐȓȍȚȕȍȋȖ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȈ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȓȧȓȐ Ȋ ȈȠȘȈȔ ȋțȘț, ȋȌȍ ȖȕȐ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȓȐșȤ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȟȈȘȐ. ǺȈȔ Ȑȝ șȐșȚȍȔȈȚȐȟȍșȒȐ ȖȉțȟȈȓȐ ȊșȍȔț ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȔț, ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖ ȖȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȉȣȓȐ ȖȕȐ șȣȕȖȊȤȧȔȐ ȞȈȘȍȑ ȐȓȐ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȋȘȈȎȌȈȕ. ǺȈȒȖȍ ȖȉțȟȍȕȐȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȖȉȧȏȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȔ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȌȐ, ȗȖȓțȟȐȊȠȐȍ ȍȋȖ, șȚȈȕȖȊȐȓȐșȤ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȔȐ ȗȖȌȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȌȋȖȚȖȊȐȚȤ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȈ Ȓ ȍȋȖ ȉțȌțȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. ǩȍȏȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ, ȗȖȚȘȈȟȍȕȕȈȧ ȕȈ ȟțȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ, ȉȣȓȈ ȕȍȏȕȈȒȖȔȈ ȌȍȚȧȔ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȍȑ șȐșȚȍȔȣ ȊȈȘȕȈȠȘȈȔȣ. ǴȈȓȤȟȐȒ ȕȈȌȍȓȧȓșȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȖȕȐȞȈȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ ȍȡȍ ȌȖ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ ȖȚȍȞ ȗȖȔȍȡȈȓ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȓȖȕȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ. ǶȚȍȞ Ȑ ȔȈȚȤ ȕȍșȓȐ ȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȤ ȏȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȑȝ șȣȕ ȌȖșȚȐȋ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ. ȅȚȖ ȓțȟȠȐȑ șȗȖșȖȉ ȗȓȈȕȐȘȖȊȈȕȐȧ șȍȔȤȐ. Ƕȕ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȏȈȟȐȕȈȚȤ ȌȍȚȍȑ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȐȔȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǩȍȏ șȈȔȖȖȉȓȈȌȈȕȐȧ, șȈȔȖȌȐșȞȐȗȓȐȕȣ Ȑ ȗȖȓȕȖȋȖ ȗȖșȓțȠȈȕȐȧ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ țșȗȍȠȕȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ, Ȉ ȉȍȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ, Ȋ șȊȖȦ ȖȟȍȘȍȌȤ, ȕȍȓȤȏȧ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 25 țȟȟȝȐȠȚȈ-ȓȍȗȈȕ ȈȕțȔȖȌȐȚȖ ȌȊȐȌȎȈȐȝ șȈȒȘȐȚ șȔȈ ȉȝțȕȌȎȍ ȚȈȌ-ȈȗȈșȚȈ-ȒȐȓȉȐȠȈȝ ȥȊȈȔ ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȈșȑȈ ȊȐȠțȌȌȝȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈș ȚȈȌ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ ȥȊȈȚȔȈ-ȘțȟȐȝ ȗȘȈȌȎȈȑȈȚȍ țȟȟȝȐȠȚȈ-ȓȍȗȈȕ - ȖșȚȈȚȒȐ ȗȐȡȐ; ȈȕțȔȖȌȐȚȈȝ - ȗȖȓțȟȐȊ ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȍ; ȌȊȐȌȎȈȐȝ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚȐșȚȖȊ; șȈȒȘȐȚ - ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ; șȔȈ - Ȋ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȔ; ȉȝțȕȌȎȍ - ȗȘȐȕȧȓ; ȚȈȚ - ȥȚȐȔ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍȔ; ȈȗȈșȚȈ - țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȓ; ȒȐȓȉȐȠȈȝ - Ȋșȍ ȋȘȍȝȐ; ȥȊȈȔ - ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȈșȑȈ - ȏȈȕȧȚȣȑ; ȊȐȠțȌȌȝȈ-ȟȍȚȈșȈȝ - ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȍȑ țȔ ȟȐșȚ; ȚȈȚ - ȚȈ ȖșȖȉȈȧ; ȌȝȈȘȔȈȝ - ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ; ȥȊȈ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȚȔȈ-ȘțȟȐȝ - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȍ; ȗȘȈȌȎȈȑȈȚȍ - ȗȘȖȧȊȐȓȖșȤ. dzȐȠȤ ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ ș Ȑȝ ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȧ ȧ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȖșȚȈȚȒȐ Ȑȝ ȗȐȡȐ, Ȑ ȥȚȖ șȘȈȏț 185


186 ȐȏȉȈȊȐȓȖ Ȕȍȕȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. ǩȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȥȚȖȔț ȔȖȍ șȍȘȌȞȍ ȖȟȐșȚȐȓȖșȤ, Ȑ ș Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ șȈȔȈ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȈȓȐșȚȖȊ șȚȈȓȈ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȈ Ȍȓȧ Ȕȍȕȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǿȐșȚȈȧ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤ ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȏȈȘȈȏȐȚȍȓȤȕȈ (Ȋ ȝȖȘȖȠȍȔ șȔȣșȓȍ), ȒȈȒ ȐȕȜȍȒȞȐȖȕȕȈȧ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȤ. ǿȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ șȊȖȉȖȌȍȕ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ - șȈȔȖȍ ȟȐșȚȖȍ Ȑȏ ȎȐȊȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ, Ȑ ȌȖ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ ȗȖȒȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ Ȋ ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ ȕȍ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚșȧ ȖȚ ȏȈȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, Ȗȕ ȕȍ șȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȟȐșȚȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǩȝȈȒȚȐ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ, ȒȈȒ țȗȖȔȐȕȈȓȖșȤ ȊȣȠȍ, ȉȣȓȐ ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ, Ȑ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒ, ȖȉȡȈȧșȤ ș ȕȐȔȐ Ȑ ȖȌȐȕ ȘȈȏ ȗȖȗȘȖȉȖȊȈȊ ȖșȚȈȚȒȐ Ȑȝ ȗȐȡȐ, ȏȈȘȈȏȐȓșȧ Ȑȝ ȟȐșȚȖȚȖȑ. ǷȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȖșȚȈȚȒȐ ȗȐȡȐ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȔȖȎȕȖ Ȑ ȉȍȏ Ȑȝ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȐȧ. ǵȖ ȊșȚȘȍȟȈȦȚșȧ Ȑ ȗșȍȊȌȖȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, Ȑ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȐ ș ȕȐȔȐ ȕțȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȖșȚȖȘȖȎȕȣȔ. ǴȕȖȋȖȍ ȔȍȠȈȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț șȚȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȕȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ ș ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ țșȚȘȈȕȧȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȧ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ-ȕȍȖȜȐȚ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ȅȚȖ ȊȣȘȈȎȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȐȔȧ, șȓȈȊȈ, ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ, ȐȋȘȣ Ȑ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȚ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ. ǯȈȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȤ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȖȡțȡȈȚȤ ȊȒțș ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. ǶȚ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȧ ț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȚȖȚȟȈș Ȏȍ ȗȘȖȗȈȌȈȍȚ ȊȒțș Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȐșȒȖȓȤȒȖ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ, ȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȝșȧ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȧȔȐ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȍȔț ȖȚȒȘȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗțȚȐ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ Ȗȕ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ șȚȖȑȒȐȔ, ȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȊȒțș, ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȥȔȖȞȐȐ Ȑ, ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ, ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȕȈ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǰ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ ș ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ȌȈȍȚ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȗȘȖȑȚȐ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ șȚȈȌȐȐ - Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ șȔȣșȓ ȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȚȐȝȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 26 ȚȈȚȘȈȕȊȈȝȈȔ ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȒȈȚȝȈȝ ȗȘȈȋȈȑȈȚȈȔ ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȍȕȈȠȘȐȕȈȊȈȔ ȔȈȕȖȝȈȘȈȝ ȚȈȝ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȑȈ Ȕȍ 'ȕțȗȈȌȈȔ ȊȐȠȘȐȕȊȈȚȈȝ ȗȘȐȑȈȠȘȈȊȈșȑ ȈȕȋȈ ȔȈȔȈȉȝȈȊȈȌ ȘțȟȐȝ ȚȈȚȘȈ - ȏȈȚȍȔ; Ȉȕț - ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȌȍȕȤ; ȈȝȈȔ - ȧ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈ-ȒȈȚȝȈȝ - ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ; ȗȘȈȋȈȑȈȚȈȔ - ȖȗȐșȣȊȈȧ; ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȍȕȈ - ȗȖ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ; ȈȠȘȐȕȈȊȈȔ - ȖȉȘȈȚȐȊ șȊȖȑ șȓțȝ; ȔȈȕȈȝ-ȝȈȘȈȝ - ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ; ȚȈȝ Țȍ; ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȑȈ - ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ; Ȕȍ - Ȕȕȍ; ȈȕțȗȈȌȈȔ - ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȠȈȋ; ȊȐȠȘȐȕȊȈȚȈȝ șȓțȠȈȧ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ; ȗȘȐȑȈȠȘȈȊȈșȐ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȈȕȋȈ - Ȗ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ; ȔȈȔȈ ȔȖȑ; ȈȉȝȈȊȈȚ - șȚȈȓ; ȘțȟȐȝ - ȊȒțș. Ƕ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȥȚȐȝ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȐșȚȖȊ, ȖȉȡȈȧșȤ ș ȕȐȔȐ, ȧ ȔȖȋ șȓȣȠȈȚȤ Ȑȝ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣ Ȗ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ȇ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȓțȠȈȓ Ȑȝ, Ȑ ș ȒȈȎȌȣȔ ȘȈȏȖȔ ȔȖȍ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ Ȋșȍ ȊȖȏȘȈșȚȈȓȖ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȕȈȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȍȓȍȕ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȓȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔȐ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȔȐ, 186


187 ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȐȔȧ, șȓȈȊȈ, ȜȖȘȔȈ, ȐȋȘȣ, ȖȒȘțȎȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȈȚȘȐȉțȚȣ ǨȉșȖȓȦȚȈ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȣ. ǷȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȐșȝȖȌȐȚ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ Ȑ ȧȊȓȧȍȚ ǹȊȖȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȐȋȘȣ, ȗȘȐȕȧȊ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȟȍșȒȐȑ ȖȉȓȐȒ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȓȦȌȐ, ȗȘȐȊȓȍȟȍȕȕȣȍ ǰȔ, șȔȖȋȓȐ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǵȍȔț. ǷȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ ȓȦȌȐ șȒȓȖȕȕȣ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȣ Ȑ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȘȈȏȕȣȝ ȓȐȟȕȖșȚȧȝ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȡȐȝșȧ ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȕȖ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȏȕȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȚȈȒȖȔ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȐ ȗȖȗțșȚț ȚȍȘȧȦȚ șȊȖȍ ȌȘȈȋȖȞȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ Ȑ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȣȊȈȦȚșȧ Ȓ ȚȘȍȔ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǪȔȍșȚȖ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȗțșȚțȦ ȚȘȈȚȐȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ țșȗȍȝȈ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȍ, ȖȉȘȈȚȐȊ șȊȖȑ șȓțȝ Ȓ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧȔ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǹȓțȠȈȧ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗȉ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ șȖȗȘȐȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ș dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ, ȒȈȒ ȖȉȤȧșȕȧȓȖșȤ ȘȈȕȍȍ, ȥȚȖ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍ ȐȏȕțȚȘȐ ȖȟȐȡȈȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖȚ ȕȈȒȖȗȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȐȔ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ. ǶȟȐșȚȐȊȠȐșȤ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ, ȖȕȖ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȔȐȘșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȍȋȖ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȚ ȗȘȐȊȓȍȒȈȚȤ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚ ȥȚȖ, ȖȗȐȘȈȧșȤ ȕȈ șȊȖȑ ȖȗȣȚ. ǹțȚȤ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȚȈȚȤ ȖȌȕȐȔ Ȑȏ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȎȍȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȘȖșȚȖ șȓțȠȈȧ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȐȋȘȈȝ. ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ ȎȐȊȍȚ ȊȍȟȕȖ Ȑ ȕȈȌȍȓȍȕ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȕȍȐȏȔȍȘȐȔȣȔ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȖȔ, Ȉ ȒȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȍșȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȍȕȕȖ ȗțȚȍȠȍșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȔȐȘȈȔ. ǬȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑȏ ȌȖșȚȖȊȍȘȕȖȋȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȊȣșȠȍȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ Ȋ șȊȖȍȑ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ șȓțȠȈȓ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ (ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚ). ǴȍȚȖȌ șȓțȠȈȕȐȧ Ȋ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌȖȊȈȕ Ȍȓȧ ȕȈȠȍȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ, ȊȍȒȈ ȘȈȏȌȖȘȖȊ (DzȈȓȐ-ȦȋȐ). ǺǭDzǹǺ 27 ȚȈșȔȐȔș ȚȈȌȈ ȓȈȉȌȝȈ-ȘțȟȍȘ ȔȈȝȈ-ȔȈȚȍ ȗȘȐȑȈȠȘȈȊȈșȑ ȈșȒȝȈȓȐȚȈ ȔȈȚȐȘ ȔȈȔȈ ȑȈȑȈȝȈȔ ȥȚȈȚ șȈȌ-ȈșȈȚ șȊȈ-ȔȈȑȈȑȈ ȗȈȠȑȍ ȔȈȑȐ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ ȒȈȓȗȐȚȈȔ ȗȈȘȍ ȚȈșȔȐȕ - ȚȈȒ; ȚȈȌȈ - ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȓȈȉȌȝȈ - ȖȉȘȍȓ; Șțȟȍȝ - ȊȒțș; ȔȈȝȈ-ȔȈȚȍ - Ȗ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȗȘȐȑȈȠȘȈȊȈșȐ - Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȈșȒȝȈȓȐȚȈ ȔȈȚȐȝ - ȕȍȖșȓȈȉȕȖȍ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ; ȔȈȔȈ - ȔȖȍ; ȑȈȑȈ - ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ; ȈȝȈȔ - ȧ; ȥȚȈȚ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; șȈȚ-ȈșȈȚ - ȋȘțȉȣȍ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȐȍ; șȊȈȔȈȑȈȑȈ - șȊȖȍ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ; ȗȈȠȑȍ - ȊȐȌȧ; ȔȈȑȐ - ȊȖ Ȕȕȍ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȑ; ȒȈȓȗȐȚȈȔ - ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚșȧ; ȗȈȘȍ - Ȋ ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ. Ƕ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ, ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȧ ȗȖȟțȊșȚȊȖȊȈȓ ȥȚȖ ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȍ Ȓ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȧ șȚȈȓ șȓțȠȈȚȤ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ ș ȕȍȖșȓȈȉȕȣȔ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȍȔ. ǰ ȗȖ ȔȍȘȍ ȚȖȋȖ ȒȈȒ ȔȖȍ ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȍ țșȐȓȐȊȈȓȖșȤ, ȧ ȕȈȟȈȓ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊț ȖȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȓȧȓ șȍȉȧ ș ȋȘțȉȖȑ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȑ ȖȉȖȓȖȟȒȈȔȐ, ȐȉȖ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, Ȑ ȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȉȣȚȐȧ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ș ȚȍȔȕȖȚȖȑ, Ȉ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ș șȖȓȕȞȍȔ. ǺȈȔ, ȋȌȍ ȍșȚȤ șȊȍȚ, ȕȍȚ ȔȍșȚȈ ȚȤȔȍ. ǹȓțȠȈȕȐȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȑ Ȗȉ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȈȔȖ ȗȖ șȍȉȍ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍȔ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȕȍȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȐȧ ȔȍȎȌț ǹȈȔȐȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔȐ ȐȋȘȈȔȐ. ǹȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ ș ȊȣșȠȐȔ șȊȍȚȖȔ ȕȍȐȏȔȍȕȕȖ ȘȈșșȍȐȊȈȍȚ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȖ. ǺȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖ șȊȖȍȔț ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊț ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ ȖȠȐȉȖȟȕȖ șȟȐȚȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȈ șȈȔȈ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ 187


188 ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ. ǵȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȏȍ Ȍȍȓȍ Ȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ Ȑ ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȋȖ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȕȣ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȔșȧ ȖȚ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ ȕȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ Ȋȕȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȕȣ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȧȍȔșȧ ȖȚ ȕȍȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ. ǷȖșȒȖȓȤȒț Ȑ ȋȘțȉȣȍ, Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȐȍ ȚȍȓȈ ȐșȝȖȌȧȚ Ȑȏ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ șȊȍȚȈ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȍȚ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȏȈȕȧȚȤ Ȑȝ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǫȘțȉȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȕțȎȕȖ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧȔȐ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț (ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȗȘȐȕȖșȐȚȤ ȊȖȌț, ȔȣȚȤ ȝȘȈȔ ȐȓȐ ȒȓȈȕȧȚȤșȧ). ȅȚȖ ȗȘȖȞȍșș ȈȘȟȈȕȣ - ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȋ ȝȘȈȔȍ, Ȑ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȋȘțȉȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǺȖȕȒȐȑ țȔ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȏȈȕȧȚȤ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍȔ ȖȗȐșȈȕȐȑ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȘȈȏȔȣȠȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ Ȗ ȕȐȝ, ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȍȔ ǭȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȐ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. Ǫșȍ ȥȚȐ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣ. ǵȐ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȋȘțȉȣȝ ȐȓȐ ȚȖȕȒȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ ȕȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȟȍȔ-ȓȐȉȖ ȐȕȣȔ. ǺȈȒȈȧ ȘȍȈȓȐȏȈȞȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȈ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖșȓȍ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ Ȑ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȓȍȚ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȚȊȈ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ, ȕȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ ȊȓȍȟȍȕȐȍ Ȓ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȓȖșȤ ț ǵȈȘȈȌȣ ǴțȕȐ Ȋ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȍ șȓțȠȈȕȐȧ, ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȍȑșȚȊȍȕȕȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 28 ȐȚȚȝȈȔ ȠȈȘȈȚ-ȗȘȈȊȘȐȠȐȒȈȊ ȘȐȚț ȝȈȘȍȘ ȊȐȠȘȐȕȊȈȚȖ Ȕȍ 'ȕțșȈȊȈȔ ȑȈȠȖ 'ȔȈȓȈȔ șȈȕȒȐȘȚȑȈȔȈȕȈȔ ȔțȕȐȉȝȐȘ ȔȈȝȈȚȔȈȉȝȐȘ ȉȝȈȒȚȐȝ ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȈȚȔȈ-ȘȈȌȎȈș-ȚȈȔȖȗȈȝȈ ȐȚȚȝȈȔ - ȚȈȒ; ȠȈȘȈȚ - ȖșȍȕȤ; ȗȘȈȊȘȐȠȐȒȈț - șȍȏȖȕ ȌȖȎȌȍȑ; ȘȐȚț - ȌȊȈ șȍȏȖȕȈ; ȝȈȘȍȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȊȐȠȘȐȕȊȈȚȈȝ - ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ șȓțȠȈȧ; Ȕȍ - ȧ; ȈȕțșȈȊȈȔ - ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ; ȑȈȠȈȝ ȈȔȈȓȈȔ - ȟȐșȚȖȍ ȗȘȖșȓȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ; șȈȕȒȐȘȚȑȈȔȈȕȈȔ - ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȍȔȖȍ; ȔțȕȐȉȝȐȝ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ; ȔȈȝȈ-ȈȚȔȈȉȝȐȝ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȌțȠȈȔȐ; ȉȝȈȒȚȐȝ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ; ȗȘȈȊȘȐȚȚȈ - ȗȖȚȍȒȓȖ; ȈȚȔȈ - ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ; ȘȈȌȎȈȝ - ȋțȕȈ șȚȘȈșȚȐ; ȚȈȔȈ - ȋțȕȈ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ; țȗȈȝȈ - ȐșȟȍȏȈȦȡȐȑ. ǵȈ ȗȘȖȚȧȎȍȕȐȐ ȌȊțȝ ȊȘȍȔȍȕ ȋȖȌȈ - șȍȏȖȕȈ ȌȖȎȌȍȑ Ȑ ȖșȍȕȐ - ȧ ȐȔȍȓ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȥȚȐȔ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔ ȌțȠȈȔ, ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔ, ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȊȠȐȔ ȟȐșȚȍȑȠțȦ șȓȈȊț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǽȈȘȐ. ǰ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȊȖ Ȕȕȍ ȏȈȉȐȓ ȒȓȦȟ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȖȉȖȓȖȟȒȐ ȋțȕ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ șȗȈȓȐ ș Ȕȍȕȧ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈ Ȍȓȧ ȓȦȉȖȋȖ ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ. ȅȚȈ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȈȧ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ ȌȘȍȔȓȍȚ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȔ, ȕȖ, Ȑȏ-ȏȈ șȖȗȘȐȒȖșȕȖȊȍȕȐȧ ș ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ, ȋțȕȣ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ ș ȕȍȏȈȗȈȔȧȚȕȣȝ ȊȘȍȔȍȕ șȒȘȣȊȈȦȚ ȍȋȖ. ǭșȓȐ ȗȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȊȍȓȐȒȖȌțȠȕȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȎȐȊȖȔț șțȡȍșȚȊț ȕȈșȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȗȖȊȍȏȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȖ ȗȖȊșȚȘȍȟȈȍȚșȧ ș ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ țșȓȣȠȈȚȤ ȖȚ ȕȐȝ Ȗ ȟȐșȚȖȑ șȓȈȊȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, - ȍȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȕȈȊȍȘȕȧȒȈ ȏȈȉȤȍȚ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȒȓȦȟț Ȑ ȗȖȚȍȟȍȚ, ȒȈȒ ȗȖȚȖȒ ȊȖȌȣ Ȋ ȘȍȒȍ. DzȈȒ ȘȍȒȈ ȕȍșȍȚ șȊȖȐ ȊȖȌȣ, ȗȖȒȈ ȖȕȐ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋȕțȚ ȔȖȘȧ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ ȟȐșȚȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȦ ș ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ȚȍȟȍȚ, ȗȖȒȈ ȕȍ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ - ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. ǰ ȕȐȟȚȖ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖșȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȖȚȖȒ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ Ȋșȍ șȐȓȤȕȍȍ Ȑ șȐȓȤȕȍȍ, ȕȍ ȏȕȈȧ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȖȊ. Ƕȕ ȚȈȒ ȔȖȋțȟ, ȟȚȖ ȌȈȎȍ ȗȖșȚȖȘȖȕȕȐȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, țȊȐȌȍȊ ȍȋȖ, ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȊȓȐȧȕȐȧ ȋțȕ șȚȘȈșȚȐ Ȑ ȕȍȊȍȎȍșȚȊȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ 188


189 țșȚȘȈȕȧȦȚșȧ ȥȚȐ ȌȊȈ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, Ȑ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȈȍȚșȧ, ȊȖȏȊȘȈȡȈȧșȤ Ȋ șȊȖȍ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 29 ȚȈșȑȈȐȊȈȔ Ȕȍ 'ȕțȘȈȒȚȈșȑȈ ȗȘȈȠȘȐȚȈșȑȈ ȝȈȚȈȐȕȈșȈȝ ȠȘȈȌȌȝȈȌȝȈȕȈșȑȈ ȉȈȓȈșȑȈ ȌȈȕȚȈșȑȈȕțȟȈȘȈșȑȈ ȟȈ ȚȈșȑȈ - ȍȋȖ; ȥȊȈȔ - ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; Ȕȍ - ȔȖȐ; ȈȕțȘȈȒȚȈșȑȈ - ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȑ Ȓ ȕȐȔ; ȗȘȈȠȘȐȚȈșȑȈ - ȗȖșȓțȠȕȖ; ȝȈȚȈ - ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȚ; ȥȕȈșȈȝ - ȋȘȍȝȖȊ; ȠȘȈȌȌȈȌȝȈȕȈșȑȈ - ȊȍȘȕȖȋȖ; ȉȈȓȈșȑȈ - ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȈ; ȌȈȕȚȈșȑȈ - ȗȖȌȟȐȕȐȊȠȍȋȖ; ȈȕțȟȈȘȈșȑȈ - șȚȘȖȋȖ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȋȖ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ; ȟȈ - Ȑ. ȇ ȉȣȓ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕ Ȓ ȥȚȐȔ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔ. ȇ Ȋȍȓ șȍȉȧ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖ, Ȑ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȐȔ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȓȖ Ȋșȍ ȔȖȐ ȋȘȍȝȐ. Ǫ ȋȓțȉȐȕȍ șȍȘȌȞȈ ȧ ȕȍȗȖȒȖȓȍȉȐȔȖ ȊȍȘȐȓ Ȋ ȕȐȝ. ǶȉțȏȌȈȊ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ, ȧ ȚȍȓȖȔ Ȑ țȔȖȔ șȚȘȖȋȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȓ Ȑȝ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǯȌȍșȤ ȗȍȘȍȟȐșȓȍȕȣ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȊȍȘȖȧȚȕȖȋȖ ȒȈȕȌȐȌȈȚȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȧ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ, Ȗȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȘȈșșȟȐȚȣȊȈȚȤ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȌȖ țȘȖȊȕȧ ȒȘȐșȚȈȓȤȕȖ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǺȈȒȖȑ ȒȈȕȌȐȌȈȚ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȐșȒȈȚȤ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ ș ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ. ǵȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȧȚȤ ȗșȍȊȌȖȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ ȊȊȖȌȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ Ȋ ȏȈȉȓțȎȌȍȕȐȍ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȘȖșȚ Ȑ ȒȘȖȚȖȒ. ǿȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ - ȥȚȖ ȌțȠȈ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȘȍȌȈȊȠȈȧșȧ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ƕȕ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ - ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ, Ȉ Ȋșȍ ȖșȚȈȓȤȕȣȍ - ǭȋȖ șȓțȋȐ. ǰ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ ș ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȋȘȍȝȖȊ, ȕȈȒȖȗȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȐȔ ȏȈ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȔȐȘșȒȖȋȖ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȧ. ǷȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑȕȍȖȜȐȚ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȊȍȘȕȖ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ȟȐșȚȖȔț ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț, ȉȣȚȤ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȖșȓțȠȕȣȔ Ȑ șȚȘȖȋȖ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȍȋȖ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔ. ǺȈȒȖȊȣ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȘȍȠȐȊȠȍȋȖ țȎȍ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȌȖȉȐȚȤșȧ țșȗȍȝȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 30 ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȋțȝȑȈȚȈȔȈȔ ȑȈȚ ȚȈȚ șȈȒȠȈȌ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȖȌȐȚȈȔ ȈȕȊȈȊȖȟȈȕ ȋȈȔȐȠȑȈȕȚȈȝ ȒȘȐȗȈȑȈ ȌȐȕȈ-ȊȈȚșȈȓȈȝ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ - ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȋțȝȑȈȚȈȔȈȔ - șȈȔȖȍ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȍ; ȑȈȚ - ȟȚȖ ȍșȚȤ; ȚȈȚ - ȚȖ; șȈȒȠȈȚ - ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȖ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈ țȌȐȚȈȔ - ȗȖȊȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ ǹȈȔȐȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ; ȈȕȊȈȊȖȟȈȕ - ȌȈȓȐ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ; ȋȈȔȐȠȑȈȕȚȈȝ - țȝȖȌȧ; ȒȘȐȗȈȑȈ - ȗȖ ȉȍșȗȘȐȟȐȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ; ȌȐȕȈ-ȊȈȚșȈȓȈȝ - Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȖȉȘ Ȓ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȕȣȔ Ȑ ȒȘȖȚȒȐȔ. ǷȍȘȍȌ țȝȖȌȖȔ ȥȚȐ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ, ȔȐȓȖșȍȘȌȕȣȍ Ȓ ȉȍȌȕȣȔ ȌțȠȈȔ, ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓȐ Ȕȕȍ șȈȔȖȍ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț țȟȐȚ ǹȈȔȈ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǿȐșȚȣȑ ȊȍȌȈȕȚȐșȚ, ȐȓȐ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȊȍȌȈȕȚȈ, ȌȈȍȚ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ șȊȖȐȔ 189


190 ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȧȔ Ȋ șȚȘȖȋȖȔ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ ǹȈȔȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», Ȑ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ țȟȐȚ ȓȦȌȍȑ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ǭȔț Ȑ ȕȐȒȖȔț ȉȖȓȤȠȍ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȖȏȌȈȚȍȓȍȔ, ȝȘȈȕȐȚȍȓȍȔ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȐȚȍȓȍȔ ȊșȍȋȖ șțȡȍȋȖ. Ǫșȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȍȕȕȖȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ șțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȗȖ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȓȍ, Ȑ ȗȖ ǭȋȖ Ȏȍ ȊȖȓȍ ȥȚȖȚ șȗȍȒȚȈȒȓȤ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ, Ȉ Ƕȕ ȖșȚȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȊȍȟȕȖȑ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȐ șȖ ȊșȍȔȐ ǹȊȖȐȔȐ ȈȚȘȐȉțȚȈȔȐ. Ƕȕ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȓșȧ ȚȈȔ ȗȍȘȍȌ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ Ȑ ȖșȚȈȕȍȚșȧ ȗȖșȓȍ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, Ƕȕ ȕȍ ȍșȚȤ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑȏ șȖȚȊȖȘȍȕȕȣȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. Ƕȕ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȍȕ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȏȈȌȖȓȋȖ ȌȖ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȈȒ Ƕȕ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ȥȚȖ țȟȍȕȐȍ ǨȘȌȎțȕȍ, ȥȚȐ Ȏȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ƕȕ ȌȈȊȈȓ ȉȖȋț ǹȖȓȕȞȈ, ȕȖ șȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ țȟȍȕȐȍ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȕȍȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȐȧ ș ȕȐȔ ȉȣȓȖ țȚȘȈȟȍȕȖ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȕȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȊȕȖȊȤ ȐȏȓȖȎȍȕȖ ǨȘȌȎțȕȍ, ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ ȉȣȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȖȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǹȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ, țȟȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȖȕȧȚȖ ȕȐȒȍȔ ȌȘțȋȐȔ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ. ǰȔȗȍȘșȖȕȈȓȐșȚ, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȐȑ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ǭȋȖ șȈȔȖȍ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ. ǶșȖȉȖȋȖ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ ȏȌȍșȤ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȦȚ șȓȖȊȈ «șȈȔȖȍ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȍ», ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ ȕȈțȒȈ Ȗ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ȋȖȘȈȏȌȖ ȊȣȠȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȍ. ǹȓȖȊȖ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȖȚȕȖșȐȚșȧ Ȓ ȖȉȣȟȕȖȔț ȏȕȈȕȐȦ ȐȓȐ Ȓ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǶȕȖ țȋȓțȉȓȧȍȚșȧ ȊȗȓȖȚȤ ȌȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȏȍ, țȋȓțȉȓȧȧșȤ ȌȈȓȍȍ, ȖȕȖ ȟȈșȚȐȟȕȖ șȔȍȠȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ș ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȚȖ ȚȘȈȕșȜȖȘȔȐȘțȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȣ, ȐȓȐ ȊșȍȗȘȖȕȐȒȈȦȡȍȋȖ ǩȖȋȈ. ȅȚȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȉȖȓȍȍ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖ. ǵȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȕȖ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȟȐșȚȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ Ȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖȓțȟȈȍȚ ȌȖșȚțȗ Ȓ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȔț ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț ȏȕȈȕȐȦ, ȖȕȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șȈȔȣȔ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ. ȅȚȖ șȈȔȖȍ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȚȒȘȣȓ ǩȘȈȝȔȍ, ǨȘȌȎțȕȍ, ǻȌȌȝȈȊȍ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 31 ȑȍȕȈȐȊȈȝȈȔ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȖ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈșȑȈ ȊȍȌȝȈșȈȝ ȔȈȑȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȈȊȐȌȈȔ ȑȍȕȈ ȋȈȟȟȝȈȕȚȐ ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈȔ ȑȍȕȈ - ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ; ȥȊȈ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȝȈȔ - ȧ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȝ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈșȑȈ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ; ȊȍȌȝȈșȈȝ - ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȚȊȖȘȞȈ; ȔȈȑȈ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ; ȈȕțȉȝȈȊȈȔ - ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍ; ȈȊȐȌȈȔ - ș ȓȍȋȒȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖșȚȐȋ; ȑȍȕȈ - ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȟȍȋȖ; ȋȈȟȟȝȈȕȚȐ - ȐȌțȚ; ȚȈȚ-ȗȈȌȈȔ - Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǹ ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȕȕȍ șȚȈȓȖ ȧșȕȖ, ȒȈȒ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȍȚ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ - șȖȏȌȈȚȍȓȧ, ȝȘȈȕȐȚȍȓȧ Ȑ ȘȈȏȘțȠȐȚȍȓȧ ȊșȍȋȖ șțȡȍȋȖ. ǷȖȏȕȈȊ ȥȚȖ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȍȘȕțȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǵȍȔț Ȑ ȓȐȟȕȖ țȊȐȌȍȚȤșȧ ș ǵȐȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǿȍȘȍȏ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ șȈȔȖȋȖ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȓȍȋȒȖ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȒȈȒ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȚ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǶȌȕȈ ȟȈșȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȔȐȘ, ȌȘțȋȈȧ (ȊȣșȠȈȧ) - ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ. ǷȘȖȔȍȎțȚȖȟȕȈȧ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȓțȎȈȚ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑȏ țȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȝ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȑ. ǮȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȊȍȌțȚ ȚȧȎȍȓțȦ ȉȖȘȤȉț ȏȈ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ Ȑ șȟȈșȚȤȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȍȗȖȌȕȖșȐȚșȧ ȐȔ ȒȈȒ ȐȓȓȦȏȐȧ. ǵȖ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ, ȗȘȍȉȣȊȈȦȡȐȍ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣ ȕȍȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ 190


191 șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȑ ȎȐȊțȚ ȊȍȟȕȖ, Ȋ ȗȖȓȕȖȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȐ Ȑ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖȔ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȍ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȝȖȟȍȚ, ȒȈȒ Ƕȕ ȗȘȧȔȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȋșȍ ȖȉțșȓȖȊȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȌțȠȐ, ȗȘȖȏȧȉȈȦȡȐȍ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ, ȊȍȘȕțȓȐșȤ Ȓ ǵȍȔț, ȖșȚȈȊȐȊ Ȋșȍ, ȟȍȔ ȉȣȓȐ ȏȈȕȧȚȣ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ. ȅȚȖ șȈȔȈȧ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ ȊșȍȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǵȖ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȍȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȟȐșȚȣȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ, Ȑ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȕȐ ȊȝȖȌȧȚ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǩȖȋȈ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȐȌȍȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȖȟȐȦ Ȑ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ǭȔț. DzȖȕȒȘȍȚȕȣȑ ȗȘȐȔȍȘ ȚȖȔț șȈȔ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ, ȌȖșȚȐȋȠȐȑ șȚȈȌȐȐ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȑ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǷțȚȐ Ȑ ȔȍȚȖȌȣ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȑ ȞȍȓȐ ȖȚȒȘȣȚȣ ȒȈȎȌȖȔț, ȕȖ ȗȘȐ țșȓȖȊȐȐ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ șȖȋȓȈșȐȚșȧ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ ǴțȕȐ. ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȠȘțȚȐ, ǪșȍȊȣȠȕȐȑ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȉȍȏȋȘȈȕȐȟȕȣȔȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȧȔȐ, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȓȈȋȈȧ Ȓ ȚȖȔț ȕȐȒȈȒȐȝ țșȐȓȐȑ, Ȑ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ȖȚȕȖșȧȚșȧ Ȓ ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȚȖ ȖȌȕȖȑ Ȑȏ ȚȘȍȝ ȊȣȠȍțȗȖȔȧȕțȚȣȝ ȖșȕȖȊȕȣȝ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȑ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 32 ȥȚȈȚ șȈȔșțȟȐȚȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȔș ȚȈȗȈ-ȚȘȈȑȈ-ȟȐȒȐȚșȐȚȈȔ ȑȈȌ ȐȠȊȈȘȍ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ ȉȝȈȊȐȚȈȔ ȥȚȈȚ - ȥȚȖ; șȈȔșțȟȐȚȈȔ - țșȚȈȕȖȊȓȍȕȖ țȟȍȕȣȔȐ ȓȦȌȤȔȐ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ - Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ǪȑȈșȈ; ȚȈȗȈ-ȚȘȈȑȈ - șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ ȚȘȍȝ ȊȐȌȖȊ; ȟȐȒȐȚșȐȚȈȔ - ȞȍȓȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈ; ȑȈȚ - ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ; ȐȠȊȈȘȍ - ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȦ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȐ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȒȈȘȔȈ ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȈȕȕțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȐ - ȊȍȓȐȒȖȔț; ȉȝȈȊȐȚȈȔ - ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȕȖȍ. Ƕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, țȟȍȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȘȐȠȓȐ Ȓ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȍȕȐȦ, ȟȚȖ șȈȔȖȍ ȓțȟȠȍȍ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖ, ȐȏȓȍȟȐȊȈȦȡȍȍ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ ȚȘȍȊȖȋ Ȑ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, - ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ ȊșȦ șȊȖȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌț, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ [ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ]. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȗȣȚȍ țȉȍȌȐȓșȧ, ȟȚȖ șȈȔȣȔ ȗȖȌȝȖȌȧȡȐȔ Ȑ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȕȣȔ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ, ȖȚȒȘȣȊȈȦȡȐȔ ȗțȚȤ Ȓ șȗȈșȍȕȐȦ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȍȕȐȦ ȖȚ Ȋșȍȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȔȐȘȍȕȕȖȍ șȓțȠȈȕȐȍ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȑ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȌȍȧȕȐȧȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑȏ ȌȖșȚȖȊȍȘȕȖȋȖ ȐșȚȖȟȕȐȒȈ. ȅȚȖ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȗțȚȤ Ȓ ȐȏȓȍȟȍȕȐȦ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȖ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ. ǫȓțȗȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ ȕȐȟȚȖȎȕȣȔȐ țȔșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖșȚȧȔȐ, ȐȏȖȉȘȍȓȐ ȔȕȖȎȍșȚȊȖ ȓȍȒȈȘșȚȊ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐȏȉȈȊȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ: șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȔȣȝ ȚȍȓȖȔ Ȑ țȔȖȔ, șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, ȗȘȐȟȐȕȧȍȔȣȝ șȐȓȈȔȐ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ Ȑ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, ȌȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȝ ȌȘțȋȐȔȐ ȎȐȊȣȔȐ șțȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǪȍșȤ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȘ țȗȖȘȕȖ ȉȖȘȍȚșȧ ȏȈ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ ȖȚ ȥȚȐȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, ȕȖ ȓȦȌȐ ȕȍ ȊȍȌȈȦȚ, ȟȚȖ ȉȍȏ ȖȌȖȉȘȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȐ ȖȌȐȕ ȗȓȈȕ, ȕȐ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȥȚȐȝ șȘȍȌșȚȊ ȕȈ șȈȔȖȔ Ȍȍȓȍ ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȚ ȎȍȓȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȔȐȘȈ Ȑ șȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȐȧ. dzȍȒȈȘșȚȊȖ, ȗȘȖȗȐșȈȕȕȖȍ ȉȖȓȤȕȖȔț, ȕȍ ȗȘȐȕȍșȍȚ ȗȖȓȤȏȣ, ȍșȓȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȌȈșȚ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ ǹȊȖȍȋȖ ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȧ. ǿȚȖȉȣ ȗȍȘȍșȍȟȤ ȘȍȒț ȐȓȐ ȖȒȍȈȕ, ȕȍȌȖșȚȈȚȖȟȕȖ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȗȖȌȝȖȌȧȡțȦ ȓȖȌȒț, ȕțȎȕȖ ȍȡȍ Ȑ ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵțȎȕȖ ȚȊȍȘȌȖ țșȊȖȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ - ȒȖȕȍȟȕȈȧ ȐȕșȚȈȕȞȐȧ, ȌȈȦȡȈȧ șȊȖȍ ȌȖȏȊȖȓȍȕȐȍ, Ȑ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖȉȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȒȖȕȞȍ ȒȖȕȞȖȊ țșȗȍȝȈ ȐȓȐ țșȚȘȈȕȐȚȤ Ȋșȍ ȗȘȍȗȧȚșȚȊȐȧ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ Ȓ țșȗȍȝț, Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ Ȋșȍ șȊȖȐ șȚȈȘȈȕȐȧ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȊșȍȗȘȖȕȐȒȈȦȡ, ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡ, ȊșȍȊȍȌțȡ Ȑ ȊȍȏȌȍșțȡ. Ƕȕ - ȚȈ ȊȣșȠȈȧ ȊȓȈșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȌȈȍȚ șȈȕȒȞȐȦ ȕȈ Ȋșȍ ȝȖȘȖȠȐȍ Ȑ ȗȓȖȝȐȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȧ ȕȈȠȐȝ ȗȖșȚțȗȒȖȊ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȕȈȔ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȕȈțȟȐȚȤșȧ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ șȊȖȐ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ ǭȋȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȓȐȉȖ ȒȈȒ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ, ȓȐȉȖ ȒȈȒ 191


192 ȓȖȒȈȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕțȦ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔț, ȓȐȉȖ ȒȈȒ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤ ǩȖȋȈ. DzȍȔ ȉȣ ȕȐ ȉȣȓ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ, Ȗȕ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ Ȋșȍ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȚȤ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǭșȓȐ Ȗȕ țȟȍȕȣȑ, ȍșȚȍșȚȊȖȐșȗȣȚȈȚȍȓȤ, ȜȐȓȖșȖȜ, ȗȖȥȚ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ., ȍȔț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ șȊȖȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌșȚȊȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǹȚȈȘȈȑȚȍșȤ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ, ȒȈȒ ȌȍȑșȚȊțȦȚ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȒȈȎȌȖȑ șȜȍȘȍ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǵȍ ȝțȓȐȚȍ ǭȋȖ, ȕȍ ȗȣȚȈȑȚȍșȤ țȗȖȌȖȉȐȚȤșȧ ǭȔț ȐȓȐ ȏȈȕȧȚȤ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, șȒȖȗȐȊ ȗȖ ȒȘȖȝȈȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǭșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ - ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤ, ȗȘȈȊȐȚȍȓȤ, ȗȖȓȐȚȐȒ, ȊȖȐȕ Ȑ ȗȘȖȟ., ȍȔț șȓȍȌțȍȚ țȚȊȍȘȌȐȚȤ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕțȦ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȋȖșțȌȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȌȍȓȈȝ. ǹȘȈȎȈȑȚȍșȤ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȈȒ ȥȚȖ ȌȍȓȈȓ ȀȘȐ ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ. ǹȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȀȘȐ ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ, ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȊȖȐȕ, țȒȓȖȕȧȓșȧ ȖȚ țȟȈșȚȐȧ Ȋ ȉȐȚȊȍ, ȕȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ țȉȍȌȐȓ ȍȋȖ Ȋ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȐ șȘȈȎȈȚȤșȧ, ȀȘȐ ǨȘȌȎțȕȈ ȐȏȔȍȕȐȓ șȊȖȍ ȘȍȠȍȕȐȍ Ȑ șȚȈȓ șȘȈȎȈȚȤșȧ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, ȍșȓȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȉȐȏȕȍșȔȍȕȖȔ, ȜȈȉȘȐȒȈȕȚȖȔ, ȏȍȔȓȍȌȍȓȤȞȍȔ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ., ȍȔț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȚȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȏȈȘȈȉȖȚȈȕȕȣȍ șȊȖȐȔ ȚȘțȌȖȔ ȌȍȕȤȋȐ Ȍȓȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǪșȍȋȌȈ ȌțȔȈȑȚȍ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȒȖȗȓȍȕȕȣȍ ȊȈȔȐ ȌȍȕȤȋȐ - ȥȚȖ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǹȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ, ȟȚȖ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ - ȥȚȖ ȉȖȋȐȕȧ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȧ (dzȈȒȠȔȐ), Ȉ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ - ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ, șțȗȘțȋ dzȈȒȠȔȐ. ǹȚȈȘȈȑȚȍșȤ ȏȈȕȧȚȤ dzȈȒȠȔȐ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȍ, Ȑ Ȋȣ ȉțȌȍȚȍ șȟȈșȚȓȐȊȣ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ȓȦȉȖȑ șȜȍȘȍ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǵȖ șȈȔȖȍ ȓțȟȠȍȍ - ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ ȖȚ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ șȓțȠȈȕȐȦ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȑ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǭșȓȐ, ȖȌȕȈȒȖ, ț ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȕȍȚ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȈȌȖ șȚȈȘȈȚȤșȧ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț Ȋșȍ ȚȖ, Ȓ ȟȍȔț Ȗȕ ȟțȊșȚȊțȍȚ ȖșȖȉțȦ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ, ȐȉȖ ȥȚȖ ȗțȚȤ, ȊȍȌțȡȐȑ Ȓ ȔȐȘț Ȑ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȦ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȊȈȍȚ ȊȕȐȔȈȕȐȧ ȚȈȒȎȍ șȓȖȊȖ șȈȔșțȟȐȚȈȔ. ǵȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȕȐ ȕȈ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȐȍ ȌȖȗțșȒȈȚȤ ȔȣșȓȐ Ȗ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȗȘȐȠȍȌȠȍȍ Ȓ ǵȈȘȈȌȍ, ȉȣȓȖ ȐȋȘȖȑ ȍȋȖ ȌȍȚșȒȖȋȖ ȊȖȖȉȘȈȎȍȕȐȧ. ȅȚȖ ȕȍ ȚȈȒ. ǺȖ, ȟȚȖ ȖȚȒȘȣȓȖșȤ ȍȔț, ȗȖșȚȐȋȈȦȚ Ȑ ȐșȒțȠȍȕȕȣȍ, șȊȍȌțȡȐȍ țȟȍȕȣȍ, Ȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȈȍȚșȧ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȣȑ șȔȣșȓ șȓȖȊȈ șȈȔșțȟȐȚȈȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 33 ȈȔȈȑȖ ȑȈȠ ȟȈ ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ ȌȎȈȑȈȚȍ ȑȍȕȈ șțȊȘȈȚȈ ȚȈȌ ȥȊȈ ȝȑ ȈȔȈȑȈȔ ȌȘȈȊȑȈȔ ȕȈ ȗțȕȈȚȐ ȟȐȒȐȚșȐȚȈȔ ȈȔȈȑȈȝ - ȉȖȓȍȏȕȐ; ȑȈȝ ȟȈ - ȓȦȉȣȍ; ȉȝțȚȈȕȈȔ - ȎȐȊȖȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ; ȌȎȈȑȈȚȍ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔ; ȑȍȕȈ - ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ; șțȊȘȈȚȈ - Ȗ ȌȖȉȘȈȧ ȌțȠȈ; ȚȈȚ - ȚȖ; ȥȊȈ - șȈȔȖȍ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȔȈȑȈȔ - ȉȖȓȍȏȕȤ; ȌȘȈȊȑȈȔ - ȊȍȡȤ; ȕȈ - ȘȈȏȊȍ ȕȍ; ȗțȕȈȚȐ - ȐȏȓȍȟȐȊȈȍȚ; ȟȐȒȐȚșȐȚȈȔ - ȗȘȐȔȍȕȧȍȔȈȧ ȒȈȒ ȓȍȒȈȘșȚȊȖ. Ƕ ȌȖȉȘȈȧ ȌțȠȈ, ȘȈȏȊȍ ȕȍ ȐȏȓȍȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȖȚ ȉȖȓȍȏȕȐ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȍȍ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ, ȍșȓȐ ȗȘȐȔȍȕȧȚȤ ȥȚȖ ȒȈȒ ȓȍȒȈȘșȚȊȖ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǶȗȣȚȕȣȑ ȊȘȈȟ ȓȍȟȐȚ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȈȞȐȍȕȚȖȊ ȌȐȍȚȖȑ. ǺȈȒ, ȕȈȗȘȐȔȍȘ, ȔȖȓȖȟȕȣȍ ȗȘȖȌțȒȚȣ ȐȕȖȋȌȈ șȚȈȕȖȊȧȚșȧ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȘȈșșȚȘȖȑșȚȊȈ ȒȐȠȍȟȕȐȒȈ, ȕȖ ȚȖ Ȏȍ șȈȔȖȍ ȔȖȓȖȒȖ Ȋ ȊȐȌȍ ȗȘȖșȚȖȒȊȈȠȐ, șȔȍȠȈȕȕȖȍ ș ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȓȍȒȈȘșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȊȍȡȍșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȐȏȓȍȟȐȊȈȍȚ ȖȚ ȕȍȋȖ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, șȈȔȈ ȗȖ șȍȉȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȖȉȓȍȋȟȐȚȤ ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǺȈȒțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȖȌțȝȖȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ, ȚȈȒ Ȏȍ ȒȈȒ ȎȍȓȍȏȖ, ȗȖȔȍȡȍȕȕȖȍ Ȋ ȖȋȖȕȤ, ȘȈșȒȈȓȧȍȚșȧ ȌȖȒȘȈșȕȈ Ȑ șȈȔȖ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚ ȌȍȑșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȒȈȒ 192


193 ȖȋȖȕȤ. ǷȖȌȖȉȕȖ ȥȚȖȔț, ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȍ Ȗ ȊȍȡȈȝ șȘȈȏț Ȏȍ ȔȍȕȧȍȚșȧ, ȒȈȒ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ Ȑȝ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȚ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȍȒȘȍȚ țșȗȍȝȈ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ. ǵȍ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȕȐ ȌȖȉȐȊȈȚȤșȧ ȋȖșȗȖȌșȚȊȈ ȕȈȌ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȖȑ, ȕȐ ȖȚȊȍȘȋȈȚȤ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȊȍȡȐ. dzțȟȠȐȑ șȗȖșȖȉ ȐȏȊȓȍȟȤ ȗȖȓȤȏț Ȑȏ ȕȍȊȣȋȖȌȕȖȑ șȌȍȓȒȐ - ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȋșȍ Ȍȓȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ȊȣșȠȍȔț ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț șțȡȍșȚȊț. Ǫșȍ ȍșȚȤ ȥȔȈȕȈȞȐȧ ǪȣșȠȍȋȖ ǬțȝȈ, Ȑ ǹȊȖȍȑ ȕȍȗȖșȚȐȎȐȔȖȑ ȊȓȈșȚȤȦ Ƕȕ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȚȐȚȤ Ȍțȝ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȦ, Ȉ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȦ - Ȋ Ȍțȝ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȊȍȡȐ ȗȖ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȊȖȓȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȘȈȏț ȗȘȍȊȘȈȡȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕțȦ ȥȕȍȘȋȐȦ. ǵȖ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔ țșȓȖȊȐȍȔ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȡȍȕȐȧ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȕȐȍ ȚȈȒ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȖȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ Ȋ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ Ȍțȝț. ȅȚȖ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖ ȐȏȓȍȟȍȕȐȧ ȖȚ ȕȈȠȐȝ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȍȌțȋȖȊ, Ȑ, ȐȌȧ ȥȚȐȔ ȗțȚȍȔ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȌȕȧȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȑ țȘȖȊȍȕȤ, ȋȌȍ ȕȍȚ ȕȐ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ, ȕȐ șȒȖȘȉȐ, ȕȐ șȚȘȈȝȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȋșȍ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȍȚșȧ Ȍȓȧ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȕȣ ȖȡțȡȈȍȔ, ȟȚȖ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȈ. ǺȈȒ Ȓ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ ȗȖȕȐȔȈȕȐȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȔȈȕȚȘȣ, ȋȓȈșȧȡȍȑ, ȟȚȖ «Ȋșȍ ȍșȚȤ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 34 ȥȊȈȔ ȕȘȐȕȈȔ ȒȘȐȑȈ-ȑȖȋȈȝ șȈȘȊȍ șȈȔșȘȐȚȐ-ȝȍȚȈȊȈȝ ȚȈ ȥȊȈȚȔȈ-ȊȐȕȈȠȈȑȈ ȒȈȓȗȈȕȚȍ ȒȈȓȗȐȚȈȝ ȗȈȘȍ ȥȊȈȔ - ȚȈȒ; ȕȘȐȕȈȔ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ; ȒȘȐȑȈ-ȑȖȋȈȝ - Ȋșȍ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȧ; șȈȘȊȍ - Ȋșȍ; șȈȔșȘȐȚȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ; ȝȍȚȈȊȈȝ - ȊȣȏȣȊȈȍȚ; Țȍ - ȚȖ; ȥȊȈ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȈȚȔȈ - ȌȘȍȊȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ; ȊȐȕȈȠȈȑȈ - țȉȐȊȈȧ; ȒȈȓȗȈȕȚȍ - șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ; ȒȈȓȗȐȚȈȝ - ȗȖșȊȧȚȐȊȠȐȑ; ȗȈȘȍ - ǺȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖșȊȧȡȈȍȚ ȊșȦ șȊȖȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȚȈ Ȏȍ șȈȔȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ șȓțȎȐȓȈ ȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ ȍȋȖ ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ ȘȈȉșȚȊȈ, șȘțȉȈȍȚ ȌȘȍȊȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȏȈȕȧȚȖ ȎȐȊȖȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȖ, șȘȈȊȕȐȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ș ȉȈȕȤȧȕȖȔ, ȗȖȚȖȔț ȟȚȖ șȊȖȐȔȐ ȒȖȘȕȧȔȐ ȖȕȈ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ țȝȖȌȐȚ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȋȓțȉȖȒȖ Ȋ ȏȍȔȓȦ. ǬȖ Țȍȝ ȗȖȘ, ȗȖȒȈ Ȋ ȎȐȊȖȔ șțȡȍșȚȊȍ ȉțȌȍȚ șȖȝȘȈȕȧȚȤșȧ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȗȓȖȌȈȔȐ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȚȘțȌȈ, ȖȕȖ ȊȣȕțȎȌȍȕȖ ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȍȘȍșȍȓȧȚȤșȧ Ȑȏ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȖȍ ȐȓȐ Ȑȏ ȖȌȕȖȋȖ ȔȍșȚȈ Ȋ ȌȘțȋȖȍ Ȋ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖșȚȐ ȖȚ ȝȈȘȈȒȚȍȘȈ ȍȋȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǹȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȍȕȐȦ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ ȗȘȍȖȉȘȈȏȖȊȈȕȈ Ȋ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ șȓțȎȐȚȤ ȔȐșșȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȗȘȍȊȘȈȡȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȑȖȋț, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ Ȗȕ ȊșȚțȗȈȍȚ ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ, ȐȌȧ ȗȖ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔț, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȗȘȖȌȖȓȎȈȧ ȗȘȐ ȥȚȖȔ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȚȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, Ȓ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȕțȦ șȒȓȖȕȕȖșȚȤ. ǹȓȖȊȖ ȈȚȔȈ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ țȒȈȏȣȊȈȍȚ ȕȈ Ȋșȍ ȊȐȌȣ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ. ǷȖȌȊȖȌȧ ȐȚȖȋ, ȔȖȎȕȖ șȒȈȏȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȒȖȋȌȈ ȘȍȏțȓȤȚȈȚ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȐȓȐ ȌȘțȋȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ șȊȧȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǩȖȋț, ȖȕȈ ȗȍȘȍșȚȈȍȚ șȖȏȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȕȖȊțȦ ȒȈȘȔț Ȑ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȘțȉȈȍȚ ȗȖȌ ȒȖȘȍȕȤ ȉȈȕȤȧȕȖȊȖȍ ȌȍȘȍȊȖ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȗȍȘȍȕȖșȐȚ ȚȖȋȖ, ȒȚȖ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȚȈȒȐȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ, Ȓ ȓȖȚȖșȕȣȔ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǹțȔȔȐȘțȧ șȒȈȏȈȕȕȖȍ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȏȈȒȓȦȟȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȎȌȍ ȊșȍȋȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȐșȒȈȚȤ 193


194 ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ, ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ șȊȍȌțȡȐȝ Ȋ ǪȍȌȈȕȚȍ, ȕȖ Ȑ ȖșȖȏȕȈȊȠȐȝ șȍȉȧ Ȑ ȧȊȓȧȦȡȐȝșȧ ȉȍȏțȒȖȘȐȏȕȍȕȕȖ ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ. Ǫ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȐ ș ȕȐȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ-ȕȍȖȜȐȚ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȉȍȏȖȋȖȊȖȘȖȟȕȖ ȕȍșȚȐ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ, ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȧ Ȍȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȊȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ Ȑ țȔ. ȅȚȖ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȍ Ȓ șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȗȖȉțȌȐȚ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȌțȠȐ ȉȣȚȤ ȉȖȓȍȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȒȓȖȕȕȣȔȐ Ȓ ȕȍȖȜȐȚț Ȑ ȖȌȈȘȐȚȤ ȍȋȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ, ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȗȖȏȊȖȓȐȚ ȍȔț ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍșȚȐ Ȋșȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȟȐșȚȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ǷȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȐȓȤȕțȦ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȓ șȓțȠȈȕȐȦ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȑ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȐȋȘȈȝ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȟȚȖ ȌȍȓȈȍȚ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȔ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ ȋȘțȉȖȋȖ Ȑ ȚȖȕȒȖȋȖ Țȍȓ Ȑ, ȒȘȖȔȍ ȚȖȋȖ, ȌȈȍȚ ȍȔț ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȌțȠȍ Ȑ ȍȍ Ȋȍȟȕȣȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș ǪȣșȠȍȑ ǬțȠȖȑ, dzȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ ǩȖȋȈ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȌțȠȈ țȏȕȈȍȚ Ȗ șȊȖȐȝ Ȋȍȟȕȣȝ ȊȏȈȐȔȖȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȧȝ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȊȖșșȚȈȕȈȊȓȐȊȈȍȚ Ȑȝ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ȟȐșȚȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȘȈȏȊȐȊȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȗȘȍȊȖșȝȖȌȧȡȍȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȔ ǩȘȈȝȔȈȕȍ Ȑ ȓȖȒȈȓȐȏȖȊȈȕȕȖȑ ǷȈȘȈȔȈȚȔȍ. DzȈȒ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȚȈȒȖȑ ȗțȘțȠȖȚȚȈȔȈ-ȑȖȋȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ, ȌȈȎȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȧșȤ Ȋ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ Țȍȓȍ, Ȑ Ȋ ȔȈȒșȐȔȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȚȍȗȍȕȐ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺȈȒ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊțȍȚșȧ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȡȈȍȚșȧ ș ȟȐșȚȣȔȐ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 35 ȑȈȌ ȈȚȘȈ ȒȘȐȑȈȚȍ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ-ȗȈȘȐȚȖȠȈȕȈȔ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȑȈȚ ȚȈȌ ȈȌȝȐȕȈȔ ȝȐ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈ-șȈȔȈȕȊȐȚȈȔ ȑȈȚ - Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ; ȈȚȘȈ - Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȐȓȐ Ȋ ȥȚȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ; ȒȘȐȑȈȚȍ - șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȚ; ȒȈȘȔȈ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȗȈȘȐȚȖȠȈȕȈȔ - țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȍ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ - ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ; ȑȈȚ ȚȈȚ - ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ; ȈȌȝȐȕȈȔ - ȏȈȊȐșȐȚ; ȝȐ - ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈ - Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȐ; șȈȔȈȕȊȐȚȈȔ - șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȖȑ. dzȦȉȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȑ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȕȈȧ ȕȈ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ ȔȐșșȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȖȑ, ȐȓȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȉ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȏȖȊȍȚșȧ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ, șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚșȧ șȖȗțȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȔ ȜȈȒȚȖȘȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǩȣȚțȍȚ ȔȕȍȕȐȍ, ȟȚȖ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȧșȤ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔȐ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǵȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȟȐȚȈȦȚ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋț ȘȈȏȕȖȊȐȌȕȖșȚȤȦ ȒȈȘȔȣ. ǵȖ Ȋ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈ ȊȣȠȍ ȒȈȘȔȣ Ȑ ȌȎȕȈȕȣ. ǩȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȈ ȕȍȏȈȊȐșȐȔȈ ȖȚ ȌȎȕȈȕȣ ȐȓȐ ȒȈȘȔȣ, ȚȖȋȌȈ ȒȈȒ ȌȎȕȈȕȈ Ȑ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȏȈȊȐșȧȚ ȖȚ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȐ. ȅȚȈ ȒȘȐȑȈ-ȑȖȋȈ, ȐȓȐ ȒȈȘȔȈ-ȑȖȋȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘțȦ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚ ǪȑȈșȍ, ȚȈȒ ȕȈșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ ȗȖȚȖȔț, ȟȚȖ Ȋ ȍȍ ȖșȕȖȊȍ ȓȍȎȐȚ ȗȘȐȕȞȐȗ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȕȍ ȝȖȟȍȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȍȋȖ ȌȍȚȐ ȎȐȊȣȍ șțȡȍșȚȊȈ - ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȓȐ ȚȘȖȑșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. Ƕȕ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȋșȍ ȖȕȐ ȗȘȐȠȓȐ Ȓ ǵȍȔț Ȑ ȎȐȓȐ ș ǵȐȔ ȊȔȍșȚȍ, ȕȖ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȊȖȏȊȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤ șȍȉȧ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȐȕȜȍȒȞȐȐ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȏȈȕȐȔȈȧșȤ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ ȘȈȌȐ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȖȟȐȡȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȓ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȐ. ȅȚȖ ȖȟȐȡȍȕȐȍ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȗȘȐȖȉȘȍȚȈȍȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȏȈȊȐșȐȚ ȖȚ ȒȈȘȔȣ 194


195 ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, șȖȊȍȘȠȈȍȔȖȑ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. dzȦȉȖȍ ȌȘțȋȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, Ȋ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȔ ȕȍȚ ȉȝȈȒȚȐ-ȑȖȋȐ, ȐȓȐ șȚȘȍȔȓȍȕȐȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȘȐȊȍșȚȐ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ ȖȉȘȈȚȕȖ Ȋ ȞȈȘșȚȊȖ ǩȖȋȈ. ȅȚȖ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, ȟȚȖ ȖȕȖ ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȖ ȌȈȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȌȈȎȍ șȗȈșȍȕȐȧ, ȒȈȒ țȎȍ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȓȖșȤ Ȋ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȐ Ȓ șȚȐȝț ȕȈȑȠȒȈȘȔȑȈȔ Ȉȗȑ ȈȟȑțȚȈȉȝȈȊȈ-ȊȈȘȌȎȐȚȈȔ. ǰȏ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȓȍȌțȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ, ȏȈȕȧȚȣȑ ȟȐșȚȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ ȍșȓȐ Ȗȕ șȓțȠȈȍȚ ȗȖȊȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ Ȗ ǭȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ șȓȈȊȍ Ȑ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȍȚ ȍȍ, ȗȖ ȉȖȎȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȑ ȔȐȓȖșȚȐ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ș ȥȚȐȔ ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖșȊȍȚȓȍȕȐȧ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖȌȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȑ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 36 ȒțȘȊȈȕȈ ȑȈȚȘȈ ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȟ-ȟȝȐȒȠȈȑȈșȈȒȘȐȚ ȋȘȐȕȈȕȚȐ ȋțȕȈ-ȕȈȔȈȕȐ ȒȘȐȠȕȈșȑȈȕțșȔȈȘȈȕȚȐ ȟȈ ȒțȘȊȈȕȈȝ - ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȧ; ȑȈȚȘȈ - ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȒȈȘȔȈȕȐ - ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȠȐȒȠȈȑȈ - ȗȖ ȊȖȓȍ; ȈșȈȒȘȐȚ - ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ; ȋȘȐȕȈȕȚȐ - ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ; ȋțȕȈ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ; ȕȈȔȈȕȐ - ȐȔȍȕȈ; ȒȘȐȠȕȈșȑȈ - DzȘȐȠȕȣ; ȈȕțșȔȈȘȈȕȚȐ - ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȖȔȕȐȚ; ȟȈ - Ȑ. ǰșȗȖȓȕȧȧ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ Ȋ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊȐȐ ș țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔȐ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȖȔȕȐȚ Ȗ ǵȍȔ, ǭȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȈȝ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈȝ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǶȗȣȚȕȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ șȗȖșȖȉȍȕ ȖȘȋȈȕȐȏȖȊȈȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȟȚȖȉȣ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȧ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȍ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȐ ȗȖ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȦ Ȓ șȊȖȍȑ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȐȓȐ ȉțȌțȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, Ȗȕ ȔȖȋ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ ȐȔȧ, șȓȈȊț, ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ Ȋșȍ, ȟȚȖ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș ǵȐȔ. ǻȒȈȏȈȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȟȍȚȒȖ șȜȖȘȔțȓȐȘȖȊȈȕȣ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ»: ȓȦȉțȦ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ șȓȍȌțȍȚ șȖȊȍȘȠȈȚȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȊȖ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȌȖȓȎȍȕ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȔȍșȚȖ ȊȓȈșȚȍȓȐȕȈ ȊȖ Ȋșȍȝ șȜȍȘȈȝ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǪȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȑ ȘȐȚțȈȓ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ȌȈȎȍ ȕȍȒȖȚȖȘȣȔ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȈȔ - ȚȈȒȐȔ, ȒȈȒ ǰȕȌȘȈ, ǩȘȈȝȔȈ, ǹȈȘȈșȊȈȚȐ, ǫȈȕȍȠȈ - ȗȘȐ ȓȦȉȣȝ ȖȉșȚȖȧȚȍȓȤșȚȊȈȝ ȗȘȍȌțșȔȈȚȘȐȊȈȍȚ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍ ǪȐȠȕț ȒȈȒ ȑȈȌȎȕȍȠȊȈȘȣ, țȗȘȈȊȓȧȦȡȍȑ șȐȓȣ ȚȈȒȐȝ ȎȍȘȚȊȖȗȘȐȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ. Ǭȓȧ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧ ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȚȖ ȞȍȓȐ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȚȤșȧ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖȔț ȗȖȓțȉȖȋț, ȕȖ ȚȍȔ ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ, Ȍȓȧ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȖȊȍȌȍȕȐȧ ȖȉȘȧȌȖȊ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍ ǪȐȠȕț. ǷȖȔȐȔȖ ȚȈȒȖȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ȖȉȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȍȑ, ȗȘȍȌȗȐșȣȊȈȍȔȣȝ ǪȍȌȈȔȐ, ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȊșȍȌȕȍȊȕȣȝ ȌȍȓȈȝ (Ȋ șȍȔȍȑȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȉȐȏȕȍșȍ ȐȓȐ ȕȈ ȘȈȉȖȚȍ) Ȕȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ țȟȐȚȣȊȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȗȓȖȌȣ ȓȦȉȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖ ȖȚȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȍȔțșȧ, ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȍ. Ǫ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȉȢȧȊȐȓ, ȟȚȖ Ƕȕ - ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȕȈșȓȈȎȌȈȦȡȐȑșȧ ȊșȍȔ șțȡȐȔ, ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȊȓȈȌȣȒȈ Ȋșȍȝ ȗȓȈȕȍȚ Ȑ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ȌȘțȋ Ȋșȍȝ șțȡȍșȚȊ. ǵȐȒȚȖ ȒȘȖȔȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ ȕȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȏȈȧȊȐȚȤ, ȟȚȖ Ȋșȍ Ȋ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȐ ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȐȚ ȍȔț. ǿȐșȚȣȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȖȔȕȐȚ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ, Ȑ Ȋ ȚȈȒȖȔ șȖșȚȖȧȕȐȐ țȔȈ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȐȔȧ Ȑ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȍȚ șȓȈȊț Ȑ ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȉ ȥȚȖ ȏȕȈȟȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȗȕ ȊșȍȋȌȈ șȊȧȏȈȕ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȚȖȎȌȍșȚȊȍȕ ǹȊȖȍȔț ȐȔȍȕȐ, șȓȈȊȍ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ., Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ șȖȗȘȐȒȈșȈȚȤșȧ ș ǭȋȖ ȐȔȍȕȍȔ, șȓȈȊȖȑ Ȑ ȊșȍȔ, ȟȚȖ șȊȧȏȈȕȖ ș ǵȐȔ, - ȏȕȈȟȐȚ 195


196 ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȉȡȈȚȤșȧ ș ǹȈȔȐȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǩȖȓȤȠȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ ȕȈȠȐȝ ȌȍȕȍȎȕȣȝ ȌȖȝȖȌȖȊ (ȕȍ Ȕȍȕȍȍ ȗȧȚȐȌȍșȧȚȐ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ) ȌȖȓȎȕȈ ȚȘȈȚȐȚȤșȧ ȕȈ ȊȣȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȍ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. Ǵȣ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȕȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȖȚȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ șȊȖȐ ȌȖȝȖȌȣ, ȕȖ Ȑ țȟȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȔț șȓțȎȍȕȐȦ ȌȘțȋȐȝ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȥȚȖ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȖȌȕȖ Ȑȏ ȗȖȊȍȓȍȕȐȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ ȋȖȊȖȘȐȚ, ȟȚȖ Ȍȓȧ ǵȍȋȖ ȕȍȚ ȕȐȒȖȋȖ ȌȖȘȖȎȍ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ, ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȗȘȖȗȖȊȍȌțȦȡȍȋȖ ǭȋȖ ȐȔȧ Ȑ șȓȈȊț ȗȖ ȊșȍȔț ȔȐȘț. ǵȈțȟȕȣȍ ȖȚȒȘȣȚȐȧ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȔ ȔȐȘȍ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȐșȗȖȓȤȏȖȊȈȚȤ Ȍȓȧ ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȐȧ ǭȋȖ ȊȖȓȐ. Ƕȕ ȝȖȟȍȚ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȣ» ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȓȖșȤ șȘȍȌȐ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ. ȅȚȖȋȖ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȕȍ ȌȍȓȈȚȤ șȘȍȌȐ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȏȈșȓțȎȐȓ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȊȖȍȑ ȈșȒȍȚȐȟȕȖșȚȤȦ, ȉȓȈȋȖȚȊȖȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ, țȟȍȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț Ȕȣ ȕȍ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȗȘȍȒȘȈȡȈȚȤ șȊȖȐȝ ȗȖȗȣȚȖȒ ȖȉȘȈȚȐȚȤ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ șȚȈȕȖȊȐȚȤșȧ ǭȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ. Ǭȓȧ ȖșțȡȍșȚȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ȌȈȓ ȕȈȔ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȗȘȖșȚȖȑ ȔȍȚȖȌ. Ƕȕ ȕȈțȟȐȓ, ȒȈȒ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȧȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȖșȓȈȕȐȍ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȗȍȕȐȧ, ȚȈȕȞȍȊ Ȑ țȋȖȡȍȕȐȧ. ǷȧȚȤȌȍșȧȚ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌȖȝȖȌȈ ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȚȘȈȚȐȚȤ ȕȈ ȥȚȖ. ǭșȓȐ ȌȈȎȍ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȓȐȌȍȘȣ ȖȉȡȍșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȉȖȋȈȚȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȗȖȘȖȟȕȣȑ ȊȍȒ ȘȈȏȌȖȘȖȊ Ȑ ȘȈȏȕȖȋȓȈșȐȑ ȉțȌțȚ ȖȚȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȗȧȚȤȌȍșȧȚ ȗȘȖȞȍȕȚȖȊ șȊȖȐȝ ȌȖȝȖȌȖȊ ȕȈ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȒȈȒ ȚȖȔț țȟȐȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ ǿȈȐȚȈȕȑȈ ǴȈȝȈȗȘȈȉȝț, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȉȣȚȤ ȈȉșȖȓȦȚȕȖ țȊȍȘȍȕȕȣȔ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚȖȚ ȈȌ, ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȍ ȌȍȔȖȕȖȊ, șȚȈȕȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȤȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵȐȒȚȖ ȕȍ ȖȚȒȈȎȍȚșȧ ȗȘȐȑȚȐ ȕȈ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȍ, ȋȌȍ ȒȘȈșȐȊȖ ȗȖȦȚ, ȚȈȕȞțȦȚ Ȑ ȘȈȏȌȈȦȚ țȋȖȡȍȕȐȧ. Ǫșȍ ȉțȌțȚ ȗȖșȍȡȈȚȤ ȚȈȒȐȍ șȖȉȘȈȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȒȈȎȌȣȑ ȕȈȊȍȘȕȧȒȈ șȔȖȎȍȚ șȈȔ ȖȡțȚȐȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǻȎȍ ȖȌȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȌȈșȚ ȓȦȌȧȔ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȖȉȡȈȚȤșȧ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȑ ȖȟȐșȚȐȚȤșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǭȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ țșȓȖȊȐȍ, ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖȍ Ȍȓȧ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȚȈȒȈȧ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈȧ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ țȊȍȕȟȈȓȈșȤ țșȗȍȝȖȔ, - ȌȍȑșȚȊȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȟȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȓȐȠȍȕȕȖȋȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȔȐȘșȒȐȝ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȑ Ȑ ȕȍ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȦȡȍȋȖșȧ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤȦ Ȑ șțȝȐȔȐ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȣȔȐ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȧȔȐ Ȗ ȗȘȐȘȖȌȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǵȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȐ «ȖȚȒȘȣȊȈȚȤ» ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. Ƕ ȕȍȑ țȎȍ ȗȖȊȍȌȈȓ ǹȈȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȋȓȈȊȕȣȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ», Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȊȖ ȔȕȖȋȐȝ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧȝ. Ǵȣ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȌȖȓȎȕȣ ȉȍȏȖȋȖȊȖȘȖȟȕȖ ȗȘȐȕȧȚȤ ȥȚȐ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ Ȑ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ȅȚȖ ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȚ ȕȈș ȕȈ ȗțȚȤ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǿȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȕȍ ȔȍȕȧȚȤ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȧ. ǵȍȚ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȖșȚȐ ȔȍȕȧȚȤ șȊȖȍ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȐȍ, ȖșȖȉȍȕȕȖ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȍȒ, ȐȏȖȉȐȓțȦȡȐȑ ȊșȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȣȔȐ ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȧȔȐ. ǭȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ țșȓȖȊȐȍ - ȐȏȉȍȋȈȚȤ șțȝȐȝ țȔȖȏȘȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ ȘȈșșțȎȌȍȕȐȑ, ȞȍȓȤȦ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ șȓȐȧȕȐȍ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ. ǰȏȉȈȊȐȊȠȐșȤ ȖȚ ȊȣșȖȒȖȔȍȘȐȧ, ȋȖȘȌȖșȚȐ Ȑ ȚȡȍșȓȈȊȐȧ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ șȖ șȔȐȘȍȕȐȍȔ ȊȕȐȔȈȚȤ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ șȖȌȍȘȎȈȚșȧ Ȋ «ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȌ-ȋȐȚȍ» Ȑ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȐșȝȖȌȧȡȐȔ Ȑȏ țșȚ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ, ȒȈȟȍșȚȊȈ ȒȖȚȖȘȖȋȖ ȗȍȘȍȟȐșȓȍȕȣ ȊȣȠȍ. ȅȚȖ, Ȋȕȍ ȊșȧȒȐȝ șȖȔȕȍȕȐȑ, ȗȘȐȊȍȌȍȚ Ȓ țșȗȍȝț. ǺǭDzǹǺ 37 ȖȔ ȕȈȔȖ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȍ ȚțȉȝȑȈȔ ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈȑȈ ȌȝȐȔȈȝȐ ȗȘȈȌȑțȔȕȈȑȈȕȐȘțȌȌȝȈȑȈ ȕȈȔȈȝ șȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȈȑȈ ȟȈ ȖȔ - ȏȕȈȒ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ șȓȈȊȣ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȕȈȔȈȝ - ȊȣȘȈȎȍȕȐȍ ȗȖȟȚȍȕȐȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌț; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȍ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȚțȉȝȑȈȔ - Ǻȍȉȍ; ȊȈșțȌȍȊȈȑȈ 196


197 ǫȖșȗȖȌț, șȣȕț ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ; ȌȝȐȔȈȝȐ - ȊȖșȗȖȍȔ; ȗȘȈȌȑțȔȕȈȑȈ, ȈȕȐȘțȌȌȝȈȑȈ, șȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȈȑȈ - Ȋșȍ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ; ȕȈȔȈȝ - ȗȖȟȚȐȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȣ; ȟȈ - Ȑ ǺȈȒ ȊȖșȗȖȍȔ Ȏȍ șȓȈȊț ǪȈșțȌȍȊȍ Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȗȖȓȕȣȔ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȧȔ - ǷȘȈȌȑțȔȕȍ, ǨȕȐȘțȌȌȝȍ Ȑ ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȍ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȖȋȓȈșȕȖ «ǷȈȕȟȈȘȈȚȘȍ», ǵȈȘȈȑȈȕȈ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȍȘȊȖȗȘȐȟȐȕȖȑ Ȋșȍȝ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȑ ǩȖȋȈ: ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȣ, ǷȘȈȌȑțȔȕȣ Ȑ ǨȕȐȘțȌȌȝȐ. ȅȚȐ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȈ ȘȈșȗȖȓȈȋȈȦȚșȧ ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ: ǪȈșțȌȍȊȈ Ȑ ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȈ Ȋ ȞȍȕȚȘȍ șȓȍȊȈ Ȑ șȗȘȈȊȈ, ǷȘȈȌȑțȔȕȈ - șȗȘȈȊȈ ȖȚ ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȣ, Ȉ ǨȕȐȘțȌȌȝȈ - șȓȍȊȈ ȖȚ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ. ǰȝ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȟȍȚȣȘȤȔȧ ȈȌȢȦȚȈȕȚȈȔȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ȅȚȖȚ șȚȐȝ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ șȖȉȖȑ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȑ ȋȐȔȕ, ȐȓȐ ȔȈȕȚȘț, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȦȡțȦșȧ ș ȖȔȒȈȘȈ ȗȘȈȕȈȊȣ. ǶșȕȖȊț ȔȈȕȚȘȣ șȖșȚȈȊȓȧȍȚ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȈȧ ȏȊțȒȖȊȈȧ ȜȖȘȔțȓȈ: ȖȔ ȕȈȔȖ ȌȝȐȔȈȝȐ Ȑ Ț.Ȍ. ǹȔȣșȓ ȥȚȖȋȖ șȚȐȝȈ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȓȦȉȖȍ ȕȈȟȐȕȈȕȐȍ, ȒȈȒ Ȋ șȜȍȘȍ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ, ȚȈȒ Ȑ Ȋ șȜȍȘȍ ȥȔȗȐȘȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜȐȐ, șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ ȉȍșȗȖȓȍȏȕȣȔ, ȍșȓȐ ȖȕȖ Ȋ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖȔ șȟȍȚȍ ȕȍ ȕȈȗȘȈȊȓȍȕȖ ȕȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȎȐ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚ ȗȘȐȘȖȌț ȉȍșȗȘȐȔȍșȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ, ȖșȕȖȊȣȊȈȧșȤ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȖȔ ȖȗȣȚȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȧ ȉȓȐȏȒȐȝ ȖȚȕȖȠȍȕȐȑ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ Ȋ ȗȘȖȞȍșșȍ ȗȖșȚțȗȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǺȈȒȖȍ ȗȖșȚțȗȈȚȍȓȤȕȖȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖșȚȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț ȌȖșȚȐȋȈȍȚ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȈȗȖȋȍȧ Ȋ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȖȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȐ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȖȔ ȗȘȍȔȖȑ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȜȖȘȔȈȝ, ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȔȣȝ ȘȈșȈȔȐ (ȊȒțșȈȔȐ). ǺȈȒȖȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȍ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȉȣȚȤ Ȑ șȔȍȠȈȕȕȣȔ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȐȔȍȚȤ ȗȘȐȔȍșȤ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȐȓȐ ȥȔȗȐȘȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȖȋȖ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȧ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ ȌȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚȊȍȚ ȕȈ ȊȖȗȘȖș ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȘȐȠȐ, ȊȖȏȋȓȈȊȓȧȍȔȣȝ ȀȈțȕȈȒȖȑ, Ȗ șȈȔȣȝ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȧȝ ǹțȚȣ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ Ȗȕ ȌȖȉȐȓșȧ ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǶȚȊȍȚ ȕȈ ȥȚȖȚ ȊȖȗȘȖș ȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȍ ȋȐȔȕȈ, șȖșȚȖȧȡȍȋȖ Ȑȏ ȚȘȐȌȞȈȚȐ ȚȘȍȝ ȉțȒȊ. ȅȚȈ ȔȈȕȚȘȈ ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȈ Ȓ ȟȍȚȣȘȍȔ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȈȔ - ǫȖșȗȖȌț ș ǭȋȖ ȗȖȓȕȣȔȐ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȧȔȐ. Ǫ ȞȍȕȚȘȍ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȈ, ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ǭȋȖ ȗȖȓȕȣȍ ȟȈșȚȐ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ǭȋȖ ȈȌȢȦȚȈȕȚȈȔȐ. ǹȈȔȈȧ Ȏȍ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȈȧ ȟȈșȚȤ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ șȖșȚȖȐȚ Ȋ ȚȖȔ, ȟȚȖ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȗȖȔȕȐȚȤ Ȑ ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȚȤ ȊȍȓȐȟȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ, ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ǭȋȖ ȘȈȏȓȐȟȕȣȝ ȗȖȓȕȣȝ ȟȈșȚȍȑ Ȋ ȜȖȘȔȈȝ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȑ ǪȈșțȌȍȊȣ, ǹȈȕȒȈȘȠȈȕȣ, ǷȘȈȌȑțȔȕȣ Ȑ ǨȕȐȘțȌȌȝȐ. ȅȚȐ ȥȒșȗȈȕșȐȐ ȧȊȓȧȦȚșȧ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ǩȖȎȍșȚȊȈȔȐ Ȍȓȧ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȐșȚȐȕ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ Ȍȓȧ ȊȐȠȕț-ȚȈȚȚȊ Ȑ ȠȈȒȚȐ-ȚȈȚȚȊ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 38 ȐȚȐ ȔțȘȚȑ-ȈȉȝȐȌȝȈȕȍȕȈ ȔȈȕȚȘȈ-ȔțȘȚȐȔ ȈȔțȘȚȐȒȈȔ ȑȈȌȎȈȚȍ ȑȈȌȎȕȈ-ȗțȘțȠȈȔ șȈ șȈȔȑȈȋ-ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ ȗțȔȈȕ ȐȚȐ - ȚȈȒ; ȔțȘȚȐ - ȖȉȘȈȏ; ȈȉȝȐȌȝȈȕȍȕȈ - Ȋ ȏȊțȒȍ; ȔȈȕȚȘȈ-ȔțȘȚȐȔ - ȖȉȘȈȏ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ ȏȊțȒȍ; ȈȔțȘȚȐȒȈȔ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ, ȕȍȐȔȍȦȡȐȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ; 197


198 ȑȈȌȎȈȚȍ - ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ; ȑȈȌȎȕȈ - ǪȐȠȕț; ȗțȘțȠȈȔ - dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; șȈȝ - Ȗȕ ȖȌȐȕ; șȈȔȑȈȒ - Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ; ȌȈȘȠȈȕȈȝ - ȊȐȌȍȊȠȐȑ; ȗțȔȈȕ - ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, ȊȖȐșȚȐȕț ȊȐȌȐȚ ȚȖȚ, ȒȚȖ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȍȚșȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔț ȏȊțȒȖȊȖȔț ȖȉȘȈȏț ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ǪȐȠȕț, ȕȍ ȐȔȍȦȡȍȔț ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȣ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǵȈȠȐ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȐȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ șȖȏȌȈȕȣ Ȑȏ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȥȓȍȔȍȕȚȖȊ Ȑ ȗȖȚȖȔț ȕȍ șȗȖșȖȉȕȣ Ȋ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ȗȖȏȕȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȜȖȘȔț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ǪȐȠȕț. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ȗȖȒȓȖȕȧȦȚșȧ ǭȋȖ ȏȊțȒȖȊȖȔț ȖȉȘȈȏț ș ȗȖȔȖȡȤȦ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȔȍȚȖȌȈ ȗȘȖȐȏȕȍșȍȕȐȧ ȔȈȕȚȘ. Ǫșȍ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȊȣȝȖȌȐȚ ȏȈ ȗȘȍȌȍȓȣ ȕȈȠȐȝ ȕȍșȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȖȓȕȖșȚȤȦ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȏȊțȒȖȊȖȑ ȖȉȘȈȏ. DzȖȋȌȈ ȒȚȖȚȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȖȟȍȕȤ ȌȈȓȍȒȖ, Ȗ ȍȋȖ șțȡȍșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȐ ȔȖȎȕȖ șțȌȐȚȤ ȗȖ ȐȏȌȈȊȈȍȔȖȔț ȐȔ ȏȊțȒț. ǭșȓȐ ȥȚȖ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ Ȋ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ șȜȍȘȍ, ȚȖ ȗȖȟȍȔț ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ? ǸȍȟȤ ȐȌȍȚ ȕȍ Ȗ ȒȈȒȖȔ-ȚȖ șȔțȚȕȖȔ ȉȍȏȓȐȟȕȖȔ ȖȡțȡȍȕȐȐ. ȅȚȖ ȗȖȌȓȐȕȕȖȍ ȖȡțȡȍȕȐȍ ȗȘȐșțȚșȚȊȐȧ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ, ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȡȍȑ ȟȐșȚȖȑ ȜȖȘȔȖȑ ȊȍȟȕȖșȚȐ, ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. Ǫ șȓȖȊȈȘȍ șȈȕșȒȘȐȚȈ «ǨȔȈȘȈȒȖȠȈ» șȓȖȊȖ ȔțȘȚȐ ȐȔȍȍȚ ȌȊȖȑȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȟȍȕȐȍ «ȜȖȘȔȈ» Ȑ «ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȤ». ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǨȟȈȘȑȈ ȀȘȐ ǪȐȠȊȈȕȈȚȝȈ ǿȈȒȘȈȊȈȘȚȐ ǺȝȈȒțȘ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚ, ȟȚȖ șȓȖȊȖ ȈȔțȘȚȐȒȈȔ ȖȏȕȈȟȈȍȚ «ȉȍȏ ȏȈȚȘțȌȕȍȕȐȑ». ǵȈȠȐ ȐȏȕȈȟȈȓȤȕȣȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȍ ȟțȊșȚȊȈ, șȗȖșȖȉȕȣȍ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕțȦ ȜȖȘȔț ȊȍȟȕȖȋȖ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȔȖȎȕȖ ȖȎȐȊȐȚȤ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȍȔ șȊȧȡȍȕȕȣȝ ȔȈȕȚȘ, ȐȓȐ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȝ ȏȊțȒȖȊȣȝ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȊ. ȅȚȖȚ ȏȊțȒ șȓȍȌțȍȚ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȚȤ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȗȘȖȏȘȈȟȕțȦ șȘȍȌț ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ Ȑ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȒȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȍȕȐȍ șȖȋȓȈșȕȖ ȍȋȖ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȧȔ. ǷȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȥȚȖ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȚ ȕȈș Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ȅȚȖȚ ȔȍȚȖȌ ȗȖȒȓȖȕȍȕȐȧ ȘȍȒȖȔȍȕȌțȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȕȕȖȑ Ȑ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȖȑ șȐșȚȍȔȍ ȗȈȕȟȈȘȈȚȘȐȒȐ. ǹȐșȚȍȔȈ ȗȈȕȟȈȘȈȚȘȐȒȐ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȕȈȐȉȖȓȍȍ ȈȊȚȖȘȐȚȍȚȕȣȔ șȊȖȌȖȔ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ șȓțȎȍȕȐȧ. ǩȍȏ ȗȖȔȖȡȐ ȥȚȐȝ ȗȘȈȊȐȓ ȕȍȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, Ȑ țȎ ȒȖȕȍȟȕȖ, ȚțȚ ȕȍ ȗȖȔȖȎȍȚ șțȝȖȍ șȗȍȒțȓȧȚȐȊȕȖȍ ȜȐȓȖșȖȜșȚȊȖȊȈȕȐȍ. ǹȐșȚȍȔȈ ȗȈȕȟȈȘȈȚȘȐȒȐ ȖȌȕȖȊȘȍȔȍȕȕȖ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȕȈ Ȑ ȊȗȖȓȕȍ șȖȖȚȊȍȚșȚȊțȍȚ țșȓȖȊȐȧȔ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȋȖ ȊȍȒȈ ȘȈȏȌȖȘȖȊ. Ǫ ȚȍȒțȡȐȑ ȊȍȒ «ǷȈȕȟȈȘȈȚȘȈ» ȊȈȎȕȍȍ «ǪȍȌȈȕȚȣ». ǺǭDzǹǺ 39 ȐȔȈȔ șȊȈ-ȕȐȋȈȔȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȕ ȈȊȍȚȑȈ ȔȈȌ-ȈȕțȠȚȝȐȚȈȔ ȈȌȈȕ Ȕȍ ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȈȐȠȊȈȘȑȈȔ șȊȈșȔȐȕ ȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȟȈ ȒȍȠȈȊȈȝ ȐȔȈȔ - ȚȈȒ; șȊȈ-ȕȐȋȈȔȈȔ - șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ǪȍȌ, ȖȚȕȖșȧȡȍȍșȧ Ȓ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȑ dzȐȟȕȖșȚȐ ǩȖȋȈ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ - Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ (ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ); ȈȊȍȚȑȈ - ȝȖȘȖȠȖ ȏȕȈȧ ȥȚȖ; ȔȈȚ ȔȕȖȑ; ȈȕțȠȚȝȐȚȈȔ - ȐșȗȖȓȕȧȍȔȖȍ; ȈȌȈȚ - ȕȈȌȍȓȐȓ Ȕȍȕȧ; Ȕȍ - Ȕȕȍ; ȌȎȕȈȕȈȔ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȈȐȠȊȈȘȑȈȔ - ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖ; șȊȈșȔȐȕ - ȓȐȟȕȈȧ; ȉȝȈȊȈȔ ȋȓțȉȖȒȈȧ ȗȘȐȊȧȏȈȕȕȖșȚȤ Ȑ ȓȦȉȖȊȤ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȒȍȠȈȊȈȝ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ. Ƕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ, ȚȈȒ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȣȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ DzȘȐȠȕȈ ȖȌȈȘȐȓ Ȕȍȕȧ șȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔ ȏȕȈȕȐȍȔ Ȗ ǫȖșȗȖȌȍ, ȒȖȚȖȘȖȍ șȖȌȍȘȎȐȚșȧ Ȋ șȖȒȘȖȊȍȕȕȣȝ ȘȈȏȌȍȓȈȝ ǪȍȌ, ȏȈȚȍȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȔ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȖȔ, Ȑ, ȕȈȒȖȕȍȞ, 198


199 ȐȕȚȐȔȕȣȔ ȓȦȉȖȊȕȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǭȔț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǹȊȧȏȤ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȍ ȏȊțȒȖȊȣȍ ȊȐȉȘȈȞȐȐ ȕȍȖȚȓȐȟȕȈ ȖȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȞȍȓȖȋȖ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȀȘȐ DzȘȐȠȕȣ. ȅȚȖ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȣȑ ȔȍȚȖȌ ȖȉȘȈȡȍȕȐȧ Ȓ ǫȖșȗȖȌț. ǺȈȒȈȧ ȟȐșȚȈȧ șȊȧȏȤ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȊȖȏȊȣșȐȚȤ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȕȈȌ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔ țȘȖȊȕȍȔ Ȑ ȗȖȔȖȟȤ ȍȔț ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȋȓțȉȐȕȕȣȑ șȔȣșȓ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȝ ȗȐșȈȕȐȑ, ȊȒȓȦȟȈȧ ȉȣȚȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋ ǭȋȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȖȉȐȚȍȓȐ, ȗȘȐ țșȓȖȊȐȐ, ȟȚȖ ȥȚț șȊȧȏȤ ȕȍ ȖȔȘȈȟȍȕȈ ȌȍșȧȚȤȦ ȖșȒȖȘȉȓȍȕȐȧȔȐ, ȗȖȘȖȎȌȍȕȕȣȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȒȖȕȞȍȗȞȐȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǫȖșȗȖȌȤ ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ ȘȈșȒȘȣȊȈȍȚ ǹȍȉȧ ȚȖȔț, ȒȚȖ ȕȍȗȖȒȖȓȍȉȐȔȖ ȊȍȘȐȚ Ȋ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ Ȑ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǷȖșȓȍ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȑ ȖȌȈȘȧȍȚșȧ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȔȐ ȉȖȋȈȚșȚȊȈȔȐ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ ȕȈșȟȐȚȣȊȈȍȚșȧ ȊȖșȍȔȤ. ǵȖ șȈȔȖȍ ȊȣșȠȍȍ ȌȖșȚȐȎȍȕȐȍ - ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȤ ȊȖȑȚȐ Ȋ ȒȘțȋ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȎȍȕȕȣȝ șȗțȚȕȐȒȖȊ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȑ ȏȈȕȐȔȈȚȤșȧ ȒȈȒȐȔ-ȓȐȉȖ ȖșȖȉȣȔ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍȔ ǭȔț ȗȖȌ ȘțȒȖȊȖȌșȚȊȖȔ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǿȐșȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȖȋȖ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȐȕȚȍȘȍșțȍȚ șȓțȎȍȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌț, ȟȍȔ ȌȍȔȖȕșȚȘȈȞȐȧ ȌȘȍȔȓȦȡȐȝ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȔȐșȚȐȟȍșȒȐȝ șȐȓ. ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȖȉȢȧșȕȧȍȚ Ȋșȍ ȥȚȖ, șșȣȓȈȧșȤ ȕȈ șȖȉșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ ȖȗȣȚ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊțȧ ȗȘȖȞȍșș ȊȖșȗȍȊȈȕȐȧ ȏȊțȒȖȊȖȋȖ ȖȉȘȈȏȈ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒ ȔȖȎȍȚ ȗȖȓțȟȐȚȤ Țȍ Ȏȍ ȊȖȏȔȖȎȕȖșȚȐ, ȒȈȒȐȍ ȖȉȘȍȓ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ. ȅȚȖȚ ȗțȚȤ ȖȚȒȘȣȚ ȓȦȉȖȔț, ȕȖ ȗȘȐ țșȓȖȊȐȐ, ȟȚȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȑ ȏȊțȒ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȍȚșȧ ȖȚ ȗȘȍȌșȚȈȊȐȚȍȓȧ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ, ȗȘȐȕȈȌȓȍȎȈȡȍȋȖ Ȓ ȕȐșȝȖȌȧȡȍȑ ȞȍȗȐ țȟȍȕȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȗȘȍȍȔșȚȊȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ șȐșȚȍȔȍ ȗȈȘȈȔȗȈȘȣ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 40 ȚȊȈȔ Ȉȗȑ ȈȌȈȉȝȘȈ-ȠȘțȚȈ ȊȐȠȘțȚȈȔ ȊȐȉȝȖȝ șȈȔȈȗȑȈȚȍ ȑȍȕȈ ȊȐȌȈȔ ȉțȉȝțȚșȐȚȈȔ ȗȘȈȒȝȑȈȝȐ ȌțȝȒȝȈȐȘ ȔțȝțȘ ȈȘȌȐȚȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ șȈȕȒȓȍȠȈ-ȕȐȘȊȈȕȈȔ țȠȈȕȚȐ ȕȈȕȑȈȚȝȈ ȚȊȈȔ - Ȗ ȌȖȉȘȈȧ ȌțȠȈ; ȈȗȐ - ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȈȌȈȉȝȘȈ - ȖȉȠȐȘȕȣȍ; ȠȘțȚȈ - ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȗȐșȈȕȐȧ; ȊȐȠȘțȚȈȔ - țșȓȣȠȈȊ ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȊȐȉȝȖȝ - ǪșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȋȖ; șȈȔȈȗȑȈȚȍ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȧȦȚșȧ; ȑȍȕȈ - ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ; ȊȐȌȈȔ - țȟȍȕȣȍ; ȉțȉȝțȚșȐȚȈȔ - ȒȖȚȖȘȣȍ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȎȈȎȌțȚ ȗȖșȚȐȟȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȗȘȈȒȝȑȈȝȐ - ȖȗȐȠȐ; ȌțȝȒȝȈȐȝ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȤȧȔȐ; Ȕțȝțȝ - ȊșȍȋȌȈ; ȈȘȌȐȚȈ-ȈȚȔȈȕȈȔ - șȚȘȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ; șȈȕȒȓȍȠȈ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ; ȕȐȘȊȈȕȈȔ - ȖȉȓȍȋȟȍȕȐȍ; țȠȈȕȚȐ ȕȈ - ȕȍ ȖșȊȖȉȖȌȐȚȤșȧ; ȈȕȑȈȚȝȈ - ȐȕȣȔȐ șȘȍȌșȚȊȈȔȐ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț șȖȉȓȈȋȖȊȖȓȐ ȖȗȐșȈȚȤ ȌȍȧȕȐȧ ȊșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, Ȗ ȒȖȚȖȘȣȝ Țȣ țȏȕȈȓ ȉȓȈȋȖȌȈȘȧ ȊșȍșȚȖȘȖȕȕȍȔț ȐȏțȟȍȕȐȦ ǪȍȌ, ȐȉȖ ȥȚȖ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚ ȎȍȓȈȕȐȍ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ țȟȍȕȣȝ ȔțȎȍȑ Ȑ Ȋ ȚȖ Ȏȍ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȖȉȓȍȋȟȐȚ ȔțȟȍȕȐȧ ȉȖȓȤȠȐȕșȚȊȈ ȗȘȖșȚȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȊȍȟȕȖ șȚȘȈȌȈȦȡȐȝ ȖȚ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȝ ȕȍșȟȈșȚȐȑ. ǷȖȐșȚȐȕȍ, ȕȍȚ ȌȘțȋȖȋȖ ȗțȚȐ ȐȏȉȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȖȚ ȥȚȐȝ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȑ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǰșȝȖȌȧ Ȑȏ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȗȘȈȒȚȐȟȍșȒȖȋȖ ȖȗȣȚȈ, ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚ, ȟȚȖ ȓțȟȠȐȔ șȘȍȌșȚȊȖȔ ȘȈȏȘȍȠȍȕȐȧ ȗȘȖȉȓȍȔ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ ȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȍȕȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ șȓȈȊȣ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǹțȡȍșȚȊțȍȚ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ ȌȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣȝ Ȑ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȒȈȚȍȋȖȘȐȐ ȌțȘȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ. ǬȖȉȘȖȌȍȚȍȓȤȕȣȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȦȚ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ǪșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȋȖ ǩȖȋȈ, Ȑ ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȐȕȚțȐȚȐȊȕȖ ȐȡțȚ ȗȘȐȉȍȎȐȡȈ ț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, 1) ȒȖȋȌȈ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȦȚ ȚȘțȌȕȖșȚȐ, 2) ȒȖȋȌȈ ȕțȎȌȈȦȚșȧ Ȋ ȌȍȕȤȋȈȝ, 3) ȒȖȋȌȈ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȦȚ ȋȓțȉȖȒȐȔȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ Ȑ 4) 199


200 ȒȖȋȌȈ șȚȘȍȔȧȚșȧ Ȋșȍ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȑ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ țȏȕȈȚȤ Ȗ ǩȖȋȍ. ǷȖȥȚȖȔț ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȎȐ șȖȊȍȚțȍȚ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ ȘȈșȗȘȖșȚȘȈȕȐȚȤ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ Ȗ ǩȖȋȍ, ȐșȗȖȓȤȏțȧ ȕȍȖȉȢȧȚȕȣȍ ȊȍȌȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȔȐ Ȗȕ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȓ. ǿȚȖ ȒȈșȈȍȚșȧ ȌțȘȕȣȝ ȓȦȌȍȑ, ȚȖ ȖȕȐ ȚȈȒȎȍ ȗȖȌȘȈȏȌȍȓȧȦȚșȧ ȕȈ ȟȍȚȣȘȍ ȚȐȗȈ: 1) Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȗȘȖșȚȖ ȗȘȐȊȍȘȎȍȕ Ȓ ȗȘȖȋȘȍșșȐȘțȦȡȍȑ ȒȈȘȔȐȟȍșȒȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȑ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȍȚ șȖȗțȚșȚȊțȦȡȐȍ ȍȑ șȚȘȈȌȈȕȐȧ; 2) ȗȘȍȌȈȦȡȐȍșȧ ȗȖȘȖȟȕȖȑ ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȐ Ȍȓȧ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ șȊȖȐȝ ȟțȊșȚȊ Ȑ șȚȘȈȌȈȦȡȐȍ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȍȍ ȗȖșȓȍȌșȚȊȐȑ; 3) Țȍ, ȒȚȖ ȖȉȓȈȌȈȍȚ ȖȉȠȐȘȕȣȔȐ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȣȔȐ ȗȖȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ, ȕȖ șȚȘȈȌȈȍȚ Ȑȏ-ȏȈ ȚȖȋȖ, ȟȚȖ ț ȕȐȝ ȕȍ ȝȊȈȚȈȍȚ ȏȌȘȈȊȖȋȖ șȔȣșȓȈ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȚȤ ȊȓȈșȚȤ ǪșȍȔȖȋțȡȍȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; Ȉ ȚȈȒȎȍ 4) Țȍ, ȒȖȋȖ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȦȚ ȈȚȍȐșȚȈȔȐ, ȚȖ ȍșȚȤ ȖșȖȏȕȈȕȕȖ ȕȍȕȈȊȐȌȧȡȐȍ ȌȈȎȍ ȐȔȧ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ, ȟȚȖ ȗȖșȚȖȧȕȕȖ ȐșȗȣȚȣȊȈȦȚ ȏȈȚȘțȌȕȍȕȐȧ. ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȎȐ șȖȊȍȚȖȊȈȓ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ ȖȗȐșȈȚȤ șȓȈȊț ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȕȈ ȉȓȈȋȖ Ȋșȍȝ ȊȖșȤȔȐ ȚȐȗȖȊ ȓȦȌȍȑ: Ȑ ȌȖȉȘȣȝ, Ȑ ȌțȘȕȣȝ. ǺȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ, «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȗȘȍȌȕȈȏȕȈȟȈȍȚșȧ ȕȍ Ȍȓȧ ȒȈȒȖȑ-ȚȖ ȖȌȕȖȑ șȍȒȚȣ ȐȓȐ ȚȐȗȈ ȓȦȌȍȑ, Ȉ Ȍȓȧ Ȋșȍȝ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȐȝ ȌțȠ, ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȎȍȓȈȦȡȐȝ șȍȉȍ ȉȓȈȋȈ Ȑ șȗȖȒȖȑșȚȊȐȧ țȔȈ. ǺȈȒ ȏȈȒȈȕȟȐȊȈȍȚșȧ ȒȖȔȔȍȕȚȈȘȐȑ ǩȝȈȒȚȐȊȍȌȈȕȚȣ Ȓ ȗȧȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǷȍȘȊȖȑ ȗȍșȕȐ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ», ȒȖȚȖȘȈȧ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ «ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȌȈȍȚ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȍ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ ȗȖ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ».

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Ƚɥɚɜɚ ɲɟɫɬɚɹ. Ȼɟɫɟɞɚ ɇɚɪɚɞɵ ɫ ȼɶɹɫɚɞɟɜɨɣ ǺǭDzǹǺ 1 șțȚȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȥȊȈȔ ȕȐȠȈȔȑȈ ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȌȍȊȈȘȠȍȘ ȌȎȈȕȔȈ ȒȈȘȔȈ ȟȈ ȉȝțȑȈȝ ȗȈȗȘȈȟȟȝȈ ȚȈȔ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ ȊȑȈșȈȝ șȈȚȑȈȊȈȚȐ-șțȚȈȝ șțȚȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ - ǹțȚȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȥȊȈȔ - ȚȈȒȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ; ȕȐȠȈȔȑȈ - șȓțȠȈȧ; ȉȝȈȋȈȊȈȕ ȔȖȋțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖȍ ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ; ȌȍȊȈȘȠȍȝ - ȊȍȓȐȒȖȋȖ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈ șȘȍȌȐ ȗȖȓțȉȖȋȖȊ; ȌȎȈȕȔȈ - ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȍ; ȒȈȘȔȈ - ȌȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȉȝțȑȈȝ - ȊȕȖȊȤ; ȗȈȗȘȈȟȟȝȈ șȗȘȖșȐȓ; ȚȈȔ - ȍȋȖ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕ - Ȗ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ; ȊȑȈșȈȝ - ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ; șȈȚȑȈȊȈȚȐ-șțȚȈȝ șȣȕ ǹȈȚȑȈȊȈȚȐ. ǹțȚȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: Ƕ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȣ, șȓțȠȈȧ ȐșȚȖȘȐȦ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȌȍȧȕȐȑ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ, ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ, ȊȖȗȓȖȡȍȕȐȍ ǩȖȋȈ Ȑ șȣȕ ǹȈȚȑȈȊȈȚȐ, ȏȈȌȈȓ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȑ ȊȖȗȘȖș. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȉȣȓ ȓȦȉȖȏȕȈȚȍȓȍȕ Ȑ ȝȖȚȍȓ țȏȕȈȚȤ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ Ȗ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȍ ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȎȐ. Ǫ ȥȚȖȑ ȋȓȈȊȍ ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȎȐ ȘȈșșȒȈȎȍȚ, ȒȈȒ ȍȔț, ȗȖȋȓȖȡȍȕȕȖȔț ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȣȔȐ ȔȣșȓȧȔȐ Ȗ ȘȈȏȓțȒȍ ș ǫȖșȗȖȌȖȔ, țȌȈȓȖșȤ țȌȖșȚȖȐȚȤșȧ ȒȖȘȖȚȒȖȑ ȊșȚȘȍȟȐ ș ǵȐȔ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ȥȚȈ ȘȈȏȓțȒȈ șȚȈȓȈ șȓȐȠȒȖȔ ȔțȟȐȚȍȓȤȕȖȑ Ȍȓȧ ȕȍȋȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 2 ȊȑȈșȈ țȊȈȟȈ ȉȝȐȒȠțȉȝȐȘ ȊȐȗȘȈȊȈșȐȚȍ ȊȐȌȎȕȈȕȈȌȍȠȚȘȐȉȝȐș ȚȈȊȈ ȊȈȘȚȈȔȈȕȖ ȊȈȑȈșȑ ȈȌȑȍ ȚȈȚȈȝ ȒȐȔ ȈȒȈȘȖȌ ȉȝȈȊȈȕ ȊȑȈșȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ - ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȉȝȐȒȠțȉȝȐȝ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ șȚȘȈȕȕȐȒȈȔȐ; ȊȐȗȘȈȊȈșȐȚȍ - țȠȍȌȠȐȍ Ȋ Ȑȕȣȍ ȔȍșȚȈ; ȊȐȌȎȕȈȕȈ - ȕȈțȟȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȋȖ; ȈȌȍȠȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ - Țȍȝ, ȒȚȖ ȌȈȓ ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȍȕȐȧ; ȚȈȊȈ - ȚȊȖȍȋȖ; ȊȈȘȚȈȔȈȕȈȝ - ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȋȖ; ȊȈȑȈșȐ - șȘȖȒȈ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȈȌȑȍ - ȌȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ; ȚȈȚȈȝ - ȗȖșȓȍ ȚȖȋȖ; ȒȐȔ - ȟȚȖ; ȈȒȈȘȖȚ - ȌȍȓȈȓ; ȉȝȈȊȈȕ - Ȗ ȌȖȉȘȣȑ ȋȖșȗȖȌȐȕ. ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǿȚȖ Țȣ [ǵȈȘȈȌȈ] ȌȍȓȈȓ ȗȖșȓȍ țȝȖȌȈ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ, ȕȈșȚȈȊȓȧȊȠȐȝ Țȍȉȧ Ȋ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȑ ȕȈțȒȍ ȍȡȍ ȌȖ ȕȈȟȈȓȈ ȚȊȖȍȑ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȉȣȓ țȟȍȕȐȒȖȔ ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȎȐ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț, ȍșȚȍșȚȊȍȕȕȖ, ȝȖȚȍȓ ȏȕȈȚȤ, ȟȚȖ ȌȍȓȈȓ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ȗȖșȓȍ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȐȔ ȖȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȣȝ țȟȐȚȍȓȍȑ. Ƕȕ ȝȖȚȍȓ șȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȤ ȗȖ șȚȖȗȈȔ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȌȖșȚȐȟȤ ȚȖȑ Ȏȍ șȚțȗȍȕȐ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊȈ. ǮȍȓȈȕȐȍ ȏȈȌȈȊȈȚȤ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț țȟȐȚȍȓȦ ȊȖȗȘȖșȣ - șțȡȍșȚȊȍȕȕȣȑ 201


202 ȜȈȒȚȖȘ ȕȈ ȗțȚȐ Ȓ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕșȚȊț. Ǭȓȧ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȔȍȚȖȌȈ ȍșȚȤ șȗȍȞȐȈȓȤȕȣȑ ȚȍȘȔȐȕ, Ȗȕ ȕȈȏȣȊȈȍȚșȧ șȈȌ-ȌȝȈȘȔȈ-ȗȘȐȟȟȝȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 3 șȊȈȑȈȔȉȝțȊȈ ȒȈȑȈ ȊȘȐȚȚȑȈ ȊȈȘȚȐȚȈȔ Țȍ ȗȈȘȈȔ ȊȈȑȈȝ ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȟȍȌȈȔ țȌȈșȘȈȒȠȐȝ ȒȈȓȍ ȗȘȈȗȚȍ ȒȈȓȍȊȈȘȈȔ șȊȈȑȈȔȉȝțȊȈ - Ȗ șȣȕ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ; ȒȈȑȈ - Ȋ ȒȈȒȐȝ țșȓȖȊȐȧȝ; ȊȘȐȚȚȑȈ - ȏȈȕȧȚȐȧȝ; ȊȈȘȚȐȚȈȔ - ȗȘȖȊȖȌȐȓ; Țȍ - Țȣ; ȗȈȘȈȔ - ȗȖșȓȍ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȧ; ȊȈȑȈȝ - ȎȐȏȕȤ; ȒȈȚȝȈȔ ȒȈȒ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȐȌȈȔ - ȥȚȖ; țȌȈșȘȈȒȠȐȝ - Țȣ ȖșȚȈȊȐȓ; ȒȈȓȍ - Ȋ șȊȖȑ șȘȖȒ; ȗȘȈȗȚȍ ȖȉȘȍȚȧ; ȒȈȓȍȊȈȘȈȔ - ȚȍȓȖ. Ƕ șȣȕ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ȒȈȒ ȗȘȖȚȍȒȈȓȈ ȚȊȖȧ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȗȖșȓȍ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȧ Ȑ ȒȈȒ Țȣ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȥȚȖ ȚȍȓȖ, ȗȖȒȐȕțȊ ȗȘȍȎȕȍȍ, șȖșȚȈȘȐȊȠȍȍșȧ Ȋ șȊȖȑ șȘȖȒ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: Ǫ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȍȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ ȉȣȓ șȣȕȖȔ ȖȉȣȒȕȖȊȍȕȕȖȑ șȓțȎȈȕȒȐ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȟȍȕȤ ȊȈȎȕȖ ȏȕȈȚȤ, ȒȈȒ Ȗȕ ȗȘȍȖȉȘȈȏȐȓșȧ, ȖȉȘȍȚȧ șȖȊȍȘȠȍȕȕȖȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ, ȊȍȟȕȖȍ, ȐșȗȖȓȕȍȕȕȖȍ ȉȓȈȎȍȕșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȏȕȈȕȐȧ. ǿȚȖȉȣ țȌȖȊȓȍȚȊȖȘȐȚȤ Ȋșȍȝ, ȀȘȐ ǪȑȈșȈȌȍȊȈ ȗȖȗȘȖșȐȓ ȍȋȖ ȘȈșșȒȈȏȈȚȤ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 4 ȗȘȈȒ-ȒȈȓȗȈ-ȊȐȠȈȑȈȔ ȥȚȈȔ șȔȘȐȚȐȔ Țȍ ȔțȕȐ-șȈȚȚȈȔȈ ȕȈ ȝȑ ȥȠȈ ȊȑȈȊȈȌȝȈȚ ȒȈȓȈ ȥȠȈ șȈȘȊȈ-ȕȐȘȈȒȘȐȚȐȝ ȗȘȈȒ - ȗȘȍȎȌȍ; ȒȈȓȗȈ - Ȍȕȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ; ȊȐȠȈȑȈȔ - ȗȘȍȌȔȍȚ; ȥȚȈȔ - ȖȉȖ ȊșȍȔ ȥȚȖȔ; șȔȘȐȚȐȔ - ȊȖșȗȖȔȐȕȈȕȐȧ; Țȍ - ȚȊȖȐ; ȔțȕȐ-șȈȚȚȈȔȈ - Ȗ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȝȐ ȖȗȘȍȌȍȓȍȕȕȖ; ȥȠȈȝ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; ȊȑȈȊȈȌȝȈȚ - ȊȕȖșȐȚ ȖȚȓȐȟȐȍ; ȒȈȓȈȝ - ȝȖȌ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ; ȥȠȈȝ - Ȋșȍ ȥȚȐ; șȈȘȊȈ - Ȋșȍ; ȕȐȘȈȒȘȐȚȐȝ - țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȍ. Ƕ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȑ ȔțȌȘȍȞ, Ȋ ȗȖȓȖȎȍȕȕȣȑ șȘȖȒ ȊȘȍȔȧ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȈȍȚ Ȋșȍ. DzȈȒ Ȏȍ ȥȚȈ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ, ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȈȧ ș ȚȖȉȖȑ ȍȡȍ ȌȖ ȕȈșȚțȗȓȍȕȐȧ ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȋȖ Ȍȕȧ ǩȘȈȝȔȣ, ȖșȚȈȓȈșȤ Ȋ ȚȊȖȍȑ ȗȈȔȧȚȐ șȊȍȎȍȑ Ȑ ȕȍȚȘȖȕțȚȖȑ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȍȔ? DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȈȒ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȚȤ Ȍțȝ, țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȊ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ, ȚȈȒ ȕȍȓȤȏȧ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȐȚȤ Ȑ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ. ǬțȝȖȊȕȖȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ șȜȖȘȔȐȘȖȊȈȓȖșȤ ȍȡȍ Ȋ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡȍȑ ȒȈȓȗȍ, ȒȖȋȌȈ ț ȕȍȋȖ ȉȣȓȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȚȍȓȖ. ǹȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ - ȥȚȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȦȡȍȍșȧ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȗȖșȘȍȌșȚȊȖ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȋȖ ȚȍȓȈ. ȅȚȖ ȕȐȏȠȐȑ ȚȐȗ șȖȏȕȈȕȐȧ, ȖȕȖ ȐȏȊȘȈȡȍȕȖ Ȑ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕȖ ȘȈȏȘțȠȍȕȐȦ. ǵȖ șȊȍȘȝșȖȏȕȈȕȐȍ șȊȍȘȝțȔȈ ȕȈ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔ ȗȓȈȕȍ - ȚȖ Ȏȍ șȈȔȖȍ, ȟȚȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȈȧ ȌțȠȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț ȖȕȖ ȕȍ ȗȖȌȊȍȘȎȍȕȖ țȕȐȟȚȖȎȍȕȐȦ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 5 ȕȈȘȈȌȈ țȊȈȟȈ 202


203 ȉȝȐȒȠțȉȝȐȘ ȊȐȗȘȈȊȈșȐȚȍ ȊȐȌȎȕȈȕȈȌȍȠȚȘȐȉȝȐȘ ȔȈȔȈ ȊȈȘȚȈȔȈȕȖ ȊȈȑȈșȑ ȈȌȑȍ ȚȈȚȈ ȥȚȈȌ ȈȒȈȘȈȠȈȔ ȕȈȘȈȌȈȝ țȊȈȟȈ - ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ; ȉȝȐȒȠțȉȝȐȝ - ȊȍȓȐȒȐȔȐ ȔțȌȘȍȞȈȔȐ; ȊȐȗȘȈȊȈșȐȚȍ - ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȊȠȐȔȐșȧ Ȋ Ȑȕȣȍ ȔȍșȚȈ; ȊȐȌȎȕȈȕȈ - ȕȈțȟȕȖȍ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ; ȈȌȍȠȚȘȐȉȝȐȝ - ȊȓȖȎȐȊȠȐȔȐ Ȋ Ȕȍȕȧ; ȔȈȔȈ - ȔȖȍȑ; ȊȈȘȚȈȔȈȕȈȝ - ȕȣȕȍȠȕȍȑ; ȊȈȑȈșȐ ȈȌȑȍ - ȌȖ ȥȚȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ; ȚȈȚȈȝ - ȏȈȚȍȔ; ȥȚȈȚ - ȥȚȖ; ȈȒȈȘȈȠȈȔ - șȖȊȍȘȠȈȓ. ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ șȒȈȏȈȓ: ǪȍȓȐȒȐȍ ȔțȌȘȍȞȣ, ȕȈȌȍȓȐȊȠȐȍ Ȕȍȕȧ ȕȈțȟȕȣȔȐ ȏȕȈȕȐȧȔȐ Ȗ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȔ, ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓȐșȤ ȌȈȓȤȠȍ, Ȉ Ȕȕȍ ȗȘȐȠȓȖșȤ ȗȘȖȊȖȌȐȚȤ șȊȖȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ șȓȍȌțȦȡȐȔ ȖȉȘȈȏȖȔ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: DzȖȋȌȈ Ȋ șȊȖȍȔ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȔ ȘȖȎȌȍȕȐȐ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ȊȍȓȐȒȐȝ ȔțȌȘȍȞȖȊ ǵȈȘȈȌȈȌȎȐ ȗȖȓțȟȐȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȕȈȕȐȍ, ȍȋȖ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȘȍȏȒȖ ȐȏȔȍȕȐȓȈșȤ, ȝȖȚȧ Ȗȕ ȉȣȓ ȊșȍȋȖ ȓȐȠȤ ȗȧȚȐȓȍȚȕȐȔ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȖȔ. ȅȚȖȚ ȊȈȎȕȣȑ ȗȘȐȏȕȈȒ ȗȘȖȧȊȓȧȍȚșȧ ȗȖșȓȍ ȗȖșȊȧȡȍȕȐȧ, ȗȖȓțȟȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȚ ȐșȚȐȕȕȖȋȖ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ țȟȐȚȍȓȧ. ǵȈșȚȖȧȡȍȍ ȖȉȡȍȕȐȍ ș ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔȐ ȘȍȏȒȖ ȐȏȔȍȕȧȍȚ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȑ ȊȍȌȍȚ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȔț șȈȔȖȖșȖȏȕȈȕȐȦ. DzȈȒ ȖȕȖ ȗȖȊȓȐȧȓȖ ȕȈ ȗȘȍȌȣȌțȡțȦ ȎȐȏȕȤ ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȣ ǴțȕȐ, ȉțȌȍȚ ȗȖșȓȍȌȖȊȈȚȍȓȤȕȖ ȖȗȐșȈȕȖ ȕȐȎȍ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 6 ȥȒȈȚȔȈȌȎȈ Ȕȍ ȌȎȈȕȈȕȐ ȑȖȠȐȕ ȔțȌȝȈ ȟȈ ȒȐȕȒȈȘȐ ȔȈȑȑ ȈȚȔȈȌȎȍ 'ȕȈȕȑȈ-ȋȈȚȈț ȟȈȒȘȍ șȕȍȝȈȕțȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈȔ ȥȒȈ-ȈȚȔȈȌȎȈ - ȐȔȍȧ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ șȣȕȈ; Ȕȍ - ȔȖȧ; ȌȎȈȕȈȕȐ - ȔȈȚȤ; ȑȖȠȐȚ - ȉțȌțȟȐ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȖȑ; ȔțȌȝȈ - ȕȍȘȈȏțȔȕȈȧ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȒȐȕȒȈȘȐ - șȓțȎȈȕȒȈ; ȔȈȑȐ - Ȕȍȕȧ; ȈȚȔȈȌȎȍ - ȍȍ ȖȚȗȘȣșȒȈ; ȈȕȈȕȑȈ-ȋȈȚȈț - ȕȍ ȐȔȍȧ ȉȖȓȤȠȍ ȕȐȒȖȋȖ ȗȖȌ șȊȖȍȑ ȖȗȍȒȖȑ; ȟȈȒȘȍ șȌȍȓȈȓȈ ȥȚȖ; șȕȍȝȈ-ȈȕțȉȈȕȌȝȈȕȈȔ - șȊȧȏȈȕȕȣȔ țȏȈȔȐ ȓȦȉȊȐ. ȇ ȉȣȓ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȣȔ șȣȕȖȔ ț ȔȈȚȍȘȐ - ȗȘȖșȚȖȑ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȣ Ȑ Ȓ ȚȖȔț Ȏȍ șȓțȎȈȕȒȐ. ǰ ȗȖșȒȖȓȤȒț ȒȘȖȔȍ Ȕȍȕȧ, ȍȍ ȍȌȐȕșȚȊȍȕȕȖȋȖ ȖȚȗȘȣșȒȈ, ȍȑ ȉȣȓȖ ȕȍȒȖȋȖ ȏȈȡȐȡȈȚȤ, ȖȕȈ șȊȧȏȈȓȈ Ȕȍȕȧ țȏȈȔȐ șȊȖȍȑ ȓȦȉȊȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 7 șȈșȊȈȚȈȕȚȘȈ ȕȈ ȒȈȓȗȈșȐȌ ȑȖȋȈ-ȒȠȍȔȈȔ ȔȈȔȍȟȟȝȈȚȐ ȐȠȈșȑȈ ȝȐ ȊȈȠȍ ȓȖȒȖ ȑȖȠȈ ȌȈȘțȔȈȑȐ ȑȈȚȝȈ șȈ - ȖȕȈ; ȈșȊȈȚȈȕȚȘȈ - ȉȣȓȈ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȖȑ; ȕȈ - ȕȍ; ȒȈȓȗȈ - șȗȖșȖȉȕȖȑ; ȈșȐȚ - ȉȣȓȈ; ȑȖȋȈ-ȒȠȍȔȈȔ - șȖȌȍȘȎȈȕȐȍ; ȔȈȔȈ - ȔȖȍ; ȐȟȟȝȈȚȐ - ȝȖȚȧ ȎȍȓȈȓȈ; ȐȠȈșȑȈ ȗȘȖȊȐȌȍȕȐȧ; ȝȐ - ȐȉȖ; ȊȈȠȍ - ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ; ȓȖȒȈȝ - ȒȈȎȌȣȑ; ȑȖȠȈ - ȒțȒȓȈ; ȌȈȘț-ȔȈȑȐ șȌȍȓȈȕȕȈȧ Ȑȏ ȌȍȘȍȊȈ; ȑȈȚȝȈ - ȗȖȌȖȉȕȖ. 203


204 ǶȕȈ ȝȖȚȍȓȈ ȖȉȍșȗȍȟȐȚȤ Ȕȍȕȧ ȊșȍȔ ȕȍȖȉȝȖȌȐȔȣȔ, ȕȖ ȚȈȒ ȒȈȒ șȈȔȈ ȉȣȓȈ ȏȈȊȐșȐȔȈ, ȕȍ ȔȖȋȓȈ ȕȐȟȍȋȖ șȌȍȓȈȚȤ Ȍȓȧ Ȕȍȕȧ. ǴȐȘ ȊșȍȞȍȓȖ ȕȈȝȖȌȐȚșȧ ȊȖ ȊȓȈșȚȐ ǪȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȗȖȥȚȖȔț Ȋșȍ Ȋ ȕȍȔ ȗȖȌȖȉȕȣ ȌȍȘȍȊȧȕȕȣȔ ȔȈȘȐȖȕȍȚȒȈȔ Ȋ ȘțȒȈȝ ȒțȒȖȓȤȕȐȒȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 8 ȈȝȈȔ ȟȈ ȚȈȌ-ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-Ȓțȓȍ țȠȐȊȈȔș ȚȈȌ-țȗȍȒȠȈȑȈ ȌȐȋ-ȌȍȠȈ-ȒȈȓȈȊȑțȚȗȈȕȕȖ ȉȈȓȈȒȈȝ ȗȈȕȟȈ-ȝȈȑȈȕȈȝ ȈȝȈȔ - ȧ; ȟȈ - ȚȈȒȎȍ; ȚȈȚ - ȚȖ; ȉȘȈȝȔȈ-Ȓțȓȍ - Ȋ ȠȒȖȓȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ; țȠȐȊȈȕ - ȎȐȓ; ȚȈȚ - ȕȍȍ; țȗȍȒȠȈȑȈ - ȏȈȊȐșȧ ȖȚ; ȌȐȒ-ȌȍȠȈ - șȚȖȘȖȕ șȊȍȚȈ Ȑ șȚȘȈȕ; ȒȈȓȈ - ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ; ȈȊȑțȚȗȈȕȕȈȝ - ȕȍ ȏȕȈȧ; ȉȈȓȈȒȈȝ - ȗȘȖșȚȖȑ ȘȍȉȍȕȖȒ; ȗȈȕȟȈ - ȗȧȚȤ; ȝȈȑȈȕȈȝ - ȓȍȚ. DzȖȋȌȈ Ȕȕȍ ȉȣȓȖ ȗȧȚȤ ȓȍȚ, ȧ ȎȐȓ Ȋ ȠȒȖȓȍ ȉȘȈȝȔȈȕȖȊ. ȇ ȏȈȊȐșȍȓ ȖȚ ȓȦȉȊȐ șȊȖȍȑ ȔȈȚȍȘȐ Ȑ ȕȍ ȊȍȌȈȓ Ȗ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȏȍȔȓȧȝ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 9 ȥȒȈȌȈ ȕȐȘȋȈȚȈȔ ȋȍȝȈȌ ȌțȝȈȕȚȐȔ ȕȐȠȐ ȋȈȔ ȗȈȚȝȐ șȈȘȗȖ 'ȌȈȠȈȚ ȗȈȌȈ șȗȘȐȠȚȈȝ ȒȘȐȗȈȕȈȔ ȒȈȓȈ-ȟȖȌȐȚȈȝ ȥȒȈȌȈ - ȖȌȕȈȎȌȣ; ȕȐȘȋȈȚȈȔ - ȊȣȑȌȧ; ȋȍȝȈȚ - Ȑȏ ȌȖȔț; ȌțȝȈȕȚȐȔ - ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȌȖȐȚȤ; ȕȐȠȐ - ȕȖȟȤȦ; ȋȈȔ - ȒȖȘȖȊț; ȗȈȚȝȐ - ȗȖ ȌȖȘȖȋȍ; șȈȘȗȈȝ - ȏȔȍȧ; ȈȌȈȠȈȚ - țȎȈȓȐȓȈ; ȗȈȌȈ - Ȋ ȕȖȋț; șȗȘȐȠȚȈȝ - ȗȖȘȈȎȍȕȕȈȧ; ȒȘȐȗȈȕȈȔ - ȉȍȌȕȈȧ ȎȍȕȡȐȕȈ; ȒȈȓȈ-ȟȖȌȐȚȈȝ - ȗȖȌ ȌȍȑșȚȊȐȍȔ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ. ǶȌȕȈȎȌȣ ȊȍȟȍȘȖȔ ȔȖȧ ȉȍȌȕȈȧ ȔȈȚȤ ȊȣȠȓȈ Ȑȏ ȌȖȔț, ȟȚȖȉȣ ȗȖȌȖȐȚȤ ȒȖȘȖȊț, Ȑ Ȋ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȖȔȍȕȚ, ȗȖȊȐȕțȧșȤ ȊȍȘȝȖȊȕȖȔț ȊȘȍȔȍȕȐ, ȏȔȍȧ țȎȈȓȐȓȈ ȍȍ Ȋ ȕȖȋț. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǺȈȒ ȐșȒȘȍȕȕȦȦ ȌțȠț ȏȈșȚȈȊȓȧȦȚ ȗȘȐȉȓȐȏȐȚȤșȧ Ȓ ǩȖȋț. Ƕ ȉȍȌȕȖȔ ȔȈȓȤȟȐȒȍ ȏȈȉȖȚȐȓȈșȤ ȚȖȓȤȒȖ ȍȋȖ ȓȦȉȧȡȈȧ ȔȈȚȤ, ȕȖ ȗȖ ȊȣșȠȍȑ ȊȖȓȍ ȌȈȎȍ ȖȕȈ ȗȖȒȐȕțȓȈ ȥȚȖȚ ȔȐȘ, ȟȚȖȉȣ Ȗȕ ȊșȍȞȍȓȖ ȗȖȓȖȎȐȓșȧ ȕȈ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 10 ȚȈȌȈ ȚȈȌ ȈȝȈȔ ȐȠȈșȑȈ ȉȝȈȒȚȈȕȈȔ ȠȈȔ ȈȉȝȐȗșȈȚȈȝ ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȈȔ ȔȈȕȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ ȗȘȈȚȐȠȚȝȈȔ ȌȐȠȈȔ țȚȚȈȘȈȔ ȚȈȌȈ - ȚȖȋȌȈ; ȚȈȚ - ȚȖ; ȈȝȈȔ - ȧ; ȐȠȈșȑȈ - ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ; ȉȝȈȒȚȈȕȈȔ - ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȝ; ȠȈȔ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ; ȈȉȝȐȗșȈȚȈȝ - ȎȍȓȈȦȡȍȋȖ; ȈȕțȋȘȈȝȈȔ - ȖșȖȉȖȍ ȉȓȈȋȖșȓȖȊȍȕȐȍ; ȔȈȕȑȈȔȈȕȈȝ - ȌțȔȈȧ ȚȈȒ; ȗȘȈȚȐȠȚȝȈȔ - ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ; ȌȐȠȈȔ țȚȚȈȘȈȔ - ȕȈ șȍȊȍȘ.

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205 ȇ ȗȘȐȕȧȓ ȥȚȖ ȒȈȒ ȖșȖȉțȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȒȖȚȖȘȣȑ ȊșȍȋȌȈ ȎȍȓȈȍȚ ȉȓȈȋȈ ǹȊȖȐȔ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȔ, Ȑ ș ȔȣșȓȧȔȐ Ȗȉ ȥȚȖȔ ȖȚȗȘȈȊȐȓșȧ ȕȈ șȍȊȍȘ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǩȓȐȏȒȐȍ ȗȘȍȌȈȕȕȣȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ Ȋșȍ ȊȖșȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȒȈȒ țȒȈȏȈȕȐȍ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ, ȎȍȓȈȦȡȍȋȖ ȐȔ ȉȓȈȋȈ. ǺȖ, ȟȚȖ ș ȔȐȘșȒȖȑ ȚȖȟȒȐ ȏȘȍȕȐȧ șȟȐȚȈȍȚșȧ șȚȘȈȕȕȣȔ ȐȓȐ ȚȘțȌȕȣȔ, ȖȕȐ ȗȘȐȕȐȔȈȦȚ ȒȈȒ ȖșȖȉțȦ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ. ǴȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȕȐȍ - ȥȚȖ șȊȖȍȋȖ ȘȖȌȈ ȔȈȚȍȘȐȈȓȤȕȈȧ ȓȐȝȖȘȈȌȒȈ, ȕȖ ȔȐȓȖșȚȤȦ ǫȖșȗȖȌȈ ȎȈȘ, ȊȣȏȊȈȕȕȣȑ ȍȦ, ȗȖșȚȍȗȍȕȕȖ șȗȈȌȈȍȚ, Ȑ Ȓ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒț ȗȘȐȝȖȌȐȚ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȍ ȏȌȖȘȖȊȤȍ. ǵȖ ȔȐȘșȒȐȍ ȓȦȌȐ ȕȍ ȔȖȋțȚ ȗȖȕȧȚȤ ȥȚȖȋȖ ȗȘȈȊȐȓȤȕȖ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 11 șȗȝȐȚȈȕ ȌȎȈȕȈȗȈȌȈȔș ȚȈȚȘȈ ȗțȘȈ-ȋȘȈȔȈ-ȊȘȈȌȎȈȒȈȘȈȕ ȒȝȍȚȈ-ȒȝȈȘȊȈȚȈ-ȊȈȚȐȠ ȟȈ ȊȈȕȈȕȑ țȗȈȊȈȕȈȕȐ ȟȈ șȗȝȐȚȈȕ - ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȦȡȐȍ; ȌȎȈȕȈ-ȗȈȌȈȕ - șȚȖȓȐȞȣ; ȚȈȚȘȈ - ȚȈȔ; ȗțȘȈ - ȋȖȘȖȌȈ; ȋȘȈȔȈ - ȌȍȘȍȊȕȐ; ȊȘȈȌȎȈ - ȉȖȓȤȠȐȍ ȗȈșȚțȠȍșȒȐȍ șȍȓȍȕȐȧ; ȈȒȈȘȈȕ - ȘțȌȕȐȒȐ; ȒȝȍȚȈ - ȗȖȓȧ; ȒȝȈȘȊȈȚȈ - ȌȖȓȐȕȣ; ȊȈȚȐȝ - ȞȊȍȚȕȐȒȐ; ȟȈ - Ȑ; ȊȈȕȈȕȐ - ȓȍșȈ; țȗȈȊȈȕȈȕȐ ȗȐȚȖȔȕȐȒȐ; ȟȈ - Ȑ. ǷȖȒȐȕțȊ ȌȖȔ, ȧ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȔȐȔȖ ȗȘȖȞȊȍȚȈȦȡȐȝ șȚȖȓȐȞ, ȋȖȘȖȌȖȊ, ȌȍȘȍȊȍȕȤ, ȔȐȔȖ șȒȖȚȖȊȖȌȟȍșȒȐȝ ȜȍȘȔ, ȠȈȝȚ, ȗȈȠȍȕ, ȌȖȓȐȕ, ȞȊȍȚȕȐȒȖȊ, șȈȌȖȊ, ȋȌȍ ȊȣȘȈȡȐȊȈȓȐșȤ șȈȎȍȕȞȣ ȌȍȘȍȊȤȍȊ, Ȑ ȟȍȘȍȏ ȌȍȊșȚȊȍȕȕȣȍ ȓȍșȈ. DzǶǴǴǭǵǺǨǸǰDZ: ǬȍȧȚȍȓȤȕȖșȚȤ ȟȍȓȖȊȍȒȈ Ȋ ȖȉȓȈșȚȐ șȍȓȤșȒȖȋȖ ȝȖȏȧȑșȚȊȈ, ȋȖȘȕȖȑ ȗȘȖȔȣȠȓȍȕȕȖșȚȐ, ȎȐȊȖȚȕȖȊȖȌșȚȊȈ, șȈȌȖȊȖȌșȚȊȈ Ȑ ȌȘțȋȐȝ ȖȚȘȈșȓȧȝ ȍȡȍ Ȋ ȗȘȖȠȓȖȔ ȞȐȒȓȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȐȔȍȓȈ ȚȈȒȐȍ Ȏȍ ȔȈșȠȚȈȉȣ, ȒȈȒ ȚȍȗȍȘȤ, Ȑ ȌȈȎȍ Ȋ șȓȍȌțȦȡȍȔ ȞȐȒȓȍ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ ȖȕȈ ȖșȚȈȕȍȚșȧ ȚȈȒȖȑ Ȏȍ. ǷȘȖȝȖȌȧȚ șȖȚȕȐ ȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȖȊ ȓȍȚ, Ȑ, ȗȖȊȐȕțȧșȤ ȏȈȒȖȕț ȗȘȐȘȖȌȣ, ȕȈȟȐȕȈȍȚșȧ ȕȖȊȣȑ ȊȐȚȖȒ ȚȊȖȘȍȕȐȧ, Ȑ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ ȊșȍȓȍȕȕȖȑ ȗȖȊȚȖȘȧȍȚșȧ ȗȖȟȚȐ ȉȍȏ ȐȏȔȍȕȍȕȐȑ. ǴȐȘșȒȐȍ șȗȖȘȡȐȒȐ ȊȗțșȚțȦ ȚȘȈȚȧȚ ȊȘȍȔȧ ȕȈ ȈȘȝȍȖȓȖȋȐȟȍșȒȐȍ ȘȈșȒȖȗȒȐ, ȊȔȍșȚȖ ȚȖȋȖ ȟȚȖȉȣ ȐȏțȟȈȚȤ ȕȈșțȡȕȣȍ ȗȖȚȘȍȉȕȖșȚȐ ȎȐȏȕȐ. ǷȖȓțȟȐȊ șȚȐȔțȓ Ȓ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȑ ȎȐȏȕȐ, ȀȘȐ ǵȈȘȈȌȈ ǴțȕȐ, ȕȍșȔȖȚȘȧ ȕȈ ȚȖ ȟȚȖ ȉȣȓ ȍȡȍ ȘȍȉȍȕȒȖȔ, ȕȍ ȚȍȘȧȓ ȕȐ ȔȋȕȖȊȍȕȐȧ ȕȈ ȥȒȖȕȖȔȐȟȍșȒȖȍ ȘȈȏȊȐȚȐȍ, ȝȖȚȧ ȗȘȖȝȖȌȐȓ ȔȐȔȖ ȋȖȘȖȌȖȊ Ȑ ȌȍȘȍȊȍȕȤ, ȠȈȝȚ Ȑ ȗȘȖȔȣȠȓȍȕȕȣȝ ȗȘȍȌȗȘȐȧȚȐȑ. Ƕȕ, ȕȍ ȖșȚȈȕȈȊȓȐȊȈȧșȤ, Ƞȍȓ ȗȖ ȗțȚȐ ȌțȝȖȊȕȖȋȖ ȖșȊȖȉȖȎȌȍȕȐȧ. Ǫ «ȀȘȐȔȈȌ-ǩȝȈȋȈȊȈȚȈȔ» ȖȗȐșȈȕȈ ȐșȚȖȘȐȧ, ȗȘȖȐȏȖȠȍȌȠȈȧ șȖȚȕȐ ȔȐȓȓȐȖȕȖȊ ȓȍȚ ȕȈȏȈȌ. DzȈȒ țȚȊȍȘȎȌȈȍȚșȧ Ȋ ȌȈȕȕȖȔ șȚȐȝȍ, ȥȚȖ ȚȘȈȕșȞȍȕȌȍȕȚȕȖȍ ȗȘȖȐȏȊȍȌȍȕȐȍ ȊȒȓȦȟȈȍȚ Ȋ șȍȉȧ ȓȐȠȤ șȈȔȣȍ ȊȈȎȕȣȍ ȥȗȐȏȖȌȣ ȐșȚȖȘȐȐ. ǺǭDzǹǺ 12 ȟȐȚȘȈ-ȌȝȈȚț-ȊȐȟȐȚȘȈȌȘȐȕ ȐȉȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȕȈ-ȉȝțȌȎȈ-ȌȘțȔȈȕ ȌȎȈȓȈȠȈȑȈȕ ȟȝȐȊȈ-ȌȎȈȓȈȕ ȕȈȓȐȕȐȝ șțȘȈ-șȍȊȐȚȈȝ ȟȐȚȘȈ-șȊȈȕȈȐȝ ȗȈȚȘȈ-ȘȈȚȝȈȐȘ ȊȐȉȝȘȈȔȈȌ ȉȝȘȈȔȈȘȈ-ȠȘȐȑȈȝ 205


206 ȟȐȚȘȈ-ȌȝȈȚț - Ȟȍȕȕȣȍ ȔȐȕȍȘȈȓȣ ȚȈȒȐȍ, ȒȈȒ ȏȖȓȖȚȖ, șȍȘȍȉȘȖ Ȑ ȔȍȌȤ; ȊȐȟȐȚȘȈ - ȊȖ ȊșȍȔ ȔȕȖȋȖȖȉȘȈȏȐȐ; ȈȌȘȐȕ - ȝȖȓȔȣ Ȑ ȋȖȘȣ; ȐȉȝȈ-ȉȝȈȋȕȈ - șȓȖ