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RECEPTION BOOKLET—LC GALATI

SHORT HISTORY

The principalities of Wallachia and CONGRATULATIONS FOR YOUR DECISION TO COME TO OUR LC GALATI IN @ROMANIA. WE HAVE BEEN EXPECTING YOU! HERE IS WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW...

Capital: Bucharest Area: 238,391 km2 Population: 21,904,551 Official language: Romanian Ethnic Groups: 89.5% Romanians 6.6% Hungarians 2.5% Roma 2% Other minorities Religion: 86.7% Orthodox Christian GDP (nominal): $185.315 billion Currency: LEI or RON Internet TLD: .ro Calling code: +40

ROMANIA is a country in Europe which borders Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast, and Bulgaria to the south. Romania has a stretch of

sea coast along the Black Sea, and the eastern and southern Carpathian mountains run through its center.

Moldavia - for centuries under the suzerainty of the Turkish Ottoman Empire - secured their autonomy in 1856; they were de facto linked in 1859 and formally united in 1862 under the new name of Romania. The country gained recognition of its independence in 1878. It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories - most notably Transylvania - following the conflict. In 1940, Romania allied with the Axis powers and participated in the 1941 German invasion of the USSR. Three years later, overrun by the Soviets, Romania signed an armistice. The post-war Soviet occupation led to the formation of a Communist "people's republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The decades-long rule of dictator Nicolae CEAUSESCU, who took power in 1965, and his Securitate police state became increasingly oppressive and draconian through the 1980s. CEAUSESCU was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former Communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.

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RECEPTION BOOKLET GEOGRAPHY

Extending inland halfway across the northern limits of the Balkan Peninsula and covering a large elliptical area of 237,499 square kilometers (91,699 sq. mi.), Romania occupies the greater part of the lower basin of the Danube River system and the hilly eastern regions of the middle Danube basin. It lies on either side of the mountain systems collectively known as the Carpathians, which form the natural barrier between the two Danube bas i n s .

C LIM AT E

Romania's location gives it a continental climate, particularly in Moldavia and Wallachia

(geographic areas east of the Carpathians and south of the Transylvanian Alps, respectively) and to a lesser extent in centrally located Transylvania where the climate is more moderate. A long and at times severe winter (December-March), a hot summer (AprilJuly), and a prolonged autumn (August-November) are the principal seasons, with a rapid transition from spring to summer. In Bucharest, the daily minimum temperature in January averages -7oC (20oF), and the daily maximum temperature in July averages 29oC (85oF).

minimum temperature in January averages -7 o C (20 o F) maximum temperature in July averages 29 o C (85 o F).

ROMANIAN CUISINE

It s a diverse blend of different dishes from several traditions with which it has come into contact, but it also maintains its own character. It has been greatly influenced by Ottoman cuisine while it also includes influences from the cuisines of other

neighbours, such as Germans, Serbians, and Hungarians.

Quite

different types of dishes are sometimes included under a generic term; for example, the category ciorbă includes a wide range of soups with a char-

acteristic sour taste. These may be meat and vegetable soups, tripe and calf foot soups, or fish soups, all of which are soured by lemon juice, sauerkraut juice, vinegar, or traditionally borĹ&#x; (fermented wheat bran).


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RECEPTION BOOKLET

Tuică is a strong

and recently the export market has plum brandy that is started to grow. widely regarded as the country's tradieer is also tional alcoholic beverage, along with highly regarded, wine. Alcoholic bev- generally blonde erages are also ob- pilsener beer, the tained from other traditional methods fruits. of preparation being generally influenced by German wheat ine, however, beers. Since the is the preferred 19th century, beer drink, and Roma- has become innian wines have a creasingly popular, tradition of over and today Romanithree millennia. Ro- ans are amongst mania is currently the heaviest beer the world's 9th larg- drinkers in the est wine producer, world.

B

W

DATE

NAME

January 1

New Year’s Day (Anul Nou) Easter (Pastele)

April/May

NOTES

The official holiday is the Orthodox Easter. The holiday is two days long. Sunday & Monday are non-working days.

May/June

Pentecost, White Day (Rusaliile)

May 1

Labor Day (Ziua Muncii)

August 15

Dormition of the Theotokos (Adormirea Maicii Domnului)

Also the day of the Romanian Naval Forces.

December 1

National holiday—Great Union Day (Ziua Marii Uniri)

It celebrates the union of Transylvania with Romania.

December 25

Christmas (Craciunul)

Both 50th &51st days after the Orthodox Easter. International Labor Day


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RECEPTION BOOKLET

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TIME Romania is in the Eastern European Time Zone - EET/EEST Daylight Saving Time or Summer Time in Romania begins on the last Sunday in March at 1:00 am UTC and ends on the last Sunday in October at 1:00 am UTC.

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM Virtually identical to German standards.Most household sockets still compatible with East European standards (4.0 mm pins). Industrial appliances (washing machines, welding equipment) use 3-phase 400V AC supply.

Romania uses these time zone codes EET = Eastern European Time = UTC (GMT) +2 h EEST = Eastern European Summer Time = UTC (GMT) + 3 h

COMMUNICATION It is regular to have a pre-paid phone over here so you shouldn’t worry about phone bills. The services we usually use are: Vodafone, Orange & Cosmote. You should know that most of the @members use Orange phone numbers.

TRANSPORT Here we use three means of transport (except on foot): bus, maxi-taxi & taxi. Buses stop at each station for passengers to get off or get inside while maxi taxi only stops if someone has required to get off at a desired station. However if you wish to get inside a maxi taxi and you see that it has not stopped you can just wave at it and the driver will pick you up.

PRICES Bus— 1.5 LEI/ticket Maxi-taxi—1.5 LEI/ticket Taxi—1.7 LEI/km

FOOD The average prices over here are for: Water bottle (2L)— 2.5 LEI Beer— 6 LEI Soda—6.5 LEI Bread—1 LEU Pizza—14 LEI

CURRENCY The currency Romania uses is LEI (or RON). Check this site out to convert LEI into your country’s currency. http://coinmill.com/RON_calculator.html#RON=1 Want to see how our Romanian money looks like? Click this: http://oi43.tinypic.com/33cx1z4.jpg

MEETING & GREETING . Expect to be treated with . Initial greetings are in the form of: a handshake, direct eye contact, and the appropriate greeting for the time of day. . Close friends may kiss and hug each other when they meet. . When kissing, expect to kiss twice, once on each cheek starting with the left cheek. . Allow your Romanian friends to determine when your relationship has reached this level of intimacy.

GIFT GIVING . Give an odd number of flowers. Even numbers are used for funerals. . Roses and carnations are always well received. . Gifts are generally opened when received.

great honor and respect. USEFUL PHONE . Table manners follow established protocols of good behav- NUMBERS ior. Police— 112 . Table manners are ContinenFire Dept.— 981 or 112 tal -- hold the fork in the left Ambulance — 961 or 112 hand and the knife in the right Emergency hospital— 962 while eating. . Wait for the host or hostess to PREFIXES say "pofta buna" (good appeRomania— 40 tite) before you begin eating. Bucharest— 021 . It is acceptable to soak up Galati— 0236 extra sauce or gravy on your plate with your bread. Before dialing any of these . To indicate you have not finnumbers don’t forget to add a ished eating, cross your knife prefix! and fork on your plate.

SAFETY TIPS

1. Take care of your valuable objects. 2. Don’t count the DINING money from your . Arrive on time if invited to dinner. wallet in public. . You may arrive up to 15 minutes late for a party. . Check to see if there are shoes at the front door. If so, remove yours.


USEFU

L

Hello! Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Good bye Thank you You’re welcome Yes No What is your name? My name is Nice to meet you How are you? I’m fine, thanks I’m sorry I don’t understand Cheers! God bless you! Open (store sign) Closed (store sign) How much is it? Please Breakfast Lunch Dinner First Aid Men Women Help! I love you

PHRAS

ES

Bunã Bunã dimineaṭa Bunã ziua Bunã seara La reveredere / Pa pa Mulṭumesc Cu plãcere Da Nu Cum te numeşti? Numele meu este… Ȋncântat de cunoştinṭã Ce faci? Bine, mulṭumesc Ȋmi pare rãu Nu inṭeleg Noroc! Sanatate! Deschis Inchis Cât costã? Te rog Micul dejun Prânz Cinã Primul ajutor Barbaṭi Femei Ajutor! Te iubesc

Welcome to Galati!


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RECEPTION BOOKLET

OUR CITY G

A O

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RECEPTION BOOKLET

EARLY TIMES

OUR HISTORY

MIDDLE AGES

RECENT TIMES

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VISA REQUIREMENTS ANNEX 1. The list of the countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when entering the territory of Romania. ANNEX 2. List of countries whose nationals, owners of simple passports, are exempt from the requirement of a Romanian visa.

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Reception Booklet  

Reception Booklet made for AIESEC Romania, LC Galati

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