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Information Booklet

Visitors Information Welcome to Wakene Beach Estate, we hope you enjoy your stay. Please leave your comments, suggestions and criticism so that we can improve our service and facilities. Please note that your unit or site will be serviced daily. A housekeeper/cleaner will sweep, wash the dishes, make the beds, clean the bathroom, clean the braai, rake the site and generally keep the unit tidy. This service is included in your tariff. Washing of personal clothing and other items is not included and this can be arranged independently with your cleaner – R50-00 per day. Please report any maintenance or repairs to your cleaner, who will advise our maintenance team, managed by Arlindo, who works on the Estate daily. Arlindo can be contacted after hours on the following numbers for repairs and maintenance +25 8847 296 081 + 25 8844 703 154 The Wakene Beach estate comprises of privately owned Residential homes and sites near the beach. Chalets and campsites are owned by the Wakene Lodge management company. The chalets and campsites are approximately 300m from the beach. There is parking behind Residential unit 4 and 5, and the wooden walk way to the beach is accessed from the front of Residential unit No.4 Please be careful of rip currents at high tide. There is a sand bank at low tide that creates a safe swimming area. Fredrico is 2km north along the beach and offers magnificent snorkelling at low tide. Malongane bay is 2km south. Occasionally the 220 volt electricity supplied by the Mozambique electricity company (EDM) is interrupted/ switched off due to maintenance on the main lines or over loads. (Each unit is equipped with 12 volt lighting which connects to your motor vehicle battery terminals). For further information regarding investing in syndicated home ownership, purchase of sites, building of a holiday home or accommodation bookings, please see or contact +27 82 494 1047.

WAKENE BEACH ESTATE The Wakene Beach Estate located on 18 acres of Coastal Dune Forest with its own beach front, only 2km North of Ponta Malongane, 7km from Ponta do Ouro and 15km from the Kosi / Farazella border. The pristine forest and its natural flora and fauna has been preserved for the enjoyment of our guests who are avid nature enthusiast and wish to get away from the more busy / populated villages of Malongane and Ponta do Ouro, and enjoy peace and tranquillity. Wakene Beach Estate is both a residential and tourism Estate that offers Villa's and beach front sites to investors. The tourist accommodation comprises private ablution campsites each with their own kitchenette and bathrooms, 2 Bedroom self catering chalets and safari tented decked camps, either with forest or sea views and beach Villa's that accommodate 10 -16 guests each. Consideration for this beautiful environment ensured that clearings for guest private units are nestled into the forest environment and close encounters with rare or shy birds, some of which are endemic to this coastal forest are common. The Estate has a number of mammals including red duiker, suni, bushbuck and bush pig. There are also tree dwellers like the redtailed squirrels , greater bush baby, samango and vervet monkeys. The nearby villages, offer wonderful opportunity to interact with the local Mozambican Shangaan population who all speak both their native tongue and Portuguese. They are peaceful, friendly folk that offer a variety of traditionally rustic bars (baraka’s) where tourists and locals mingle. Some trade in Mozambique curios and souvenirs and brightly coloured sarongs, while others trade firewood and charcoal. There are stores with basic provisions and food supplies including bottled water and ice. In addition, a visit to the local fresh food market offers a selection of freshly baked breads and rolls (Pau) basic veggies and salad ingredients, cigarettes, beers, cool drinks, cashew nuts and coconuts. A must try is the strong fresh cloves of garlic and the speciality is the Peri Peri garlic sauce. There is a selection of various restaurants offering traditional seafood and Portuguese cooked chicken with others selling Prego rolls, Pizzas and burgers. Everything is freshly cooked while you wait. Watch out for the traditional tourist drink known as R&R, which is just about an even mix of Mozambique dark Rum and fizzy Raspberry soft drink. Easy drinking with lots of ice on a hot day, but be careful when you stand up after a few of these. Fresh seafood, caught that morning in Maputo bay, is available from informal traders opposite the BCI Bank in Ponta do Ouro with game fish and a wonderful selection of various good quality red meats and chicken available behind the traders, in the centre arcade at Luka’s Butchery.

For the more adventurous, Wakene is centrally situated to explore the unspoilt rock pools of Fredrico’s Bay 2km north of Wakene. Snorkelling is a must with a variety of marine life and amazing corals between one and two meters deep. There are 24 reefs off Malongane and boat based snorkelling and scuba diving offer a spectacular variety of marine life from Manta and Whale Sharks to rare corals and nudibranchs. The ocean also offers a magnificent annual migration of the Humpback Whales going North from June and returning by the end of October with their calves on the long trip back to their feeding grounds off the Antarctic Coast. In addition the resident dolphins, which are here all year round, add to the visual entertainment with their antics in the waves behind the back line. There are numerous well run charters who offer informative boat based excursions and the opportunity to swim and interact with these magnificent and intelligent creatures. The Maputo Elephant Reserve is 26km north of Wakene, now restricted by two electric strands, the elephants were regular visitors to Malongane village. This 50 000 hectare reserve has approximately 200 Elephants. Once the Futi Corridor is fenced, linking Tembe Elephant Park in South Africa to The Maputo Reserve, the elephants will be able to follow their traditional migration route along The Rio Futi which was cut off during the civil war in the 1980’s. A day trip with a guide is well worth the visit through the reserve with its myriad of fresh water lakes, floodplains, woodlands and forested dunes sweeping down to unspoilt beaches. Once a year, between November to January the Leatherback and Loggerhead turtles make their appearance on the Wakene Beach to lay their eggs above the high tide water mark at night. 59 days later these eggs hatch. Up till early march you may find hundreds of tiny turtles (each the size of a matchbox) making their way down the beach all the while dodging crabs only to be confronted by Giant Ignobilis Kingfish that have arrived at the end of December to March to feast on these little swimmers. There are fishing boat charters that offer the opportunity to target pelagic game fish species such as Wahoo, Dorado, Tuna and Couta or for the more adventurous, the billfish including sailfish, Black and Blue Marlin. There are numerous other adventure activities which are available for an hourly or daily fee. These include surfing, kite surfing, quad biking, Para gliding, spear fishing and micro light flights.

Casa Madeira Casa Madeira, a 16 sleeper fully equipped self-catering Villa situated in Southern Mozambique, 15km from the Kosi Bay, South African border and 2km north of Ponta Malongane. It is located on a private stretch of beach within a dune forest on a 18 hectare beach estate. The unit is fully equipped with 6 en-suite bedrooms comprising 3 rooms with queen size beds and 3 rooms with twin beds. Four additional pullout beds with mattresses and linen are available. All linen and bath towels are provided and the unit is serviced daily by a full time housekeeper. The kitchen facilities include a standing fridge/freezer combo, a separate full fridge, microwave, oven, electric kettle, 5 plate gas hob and electric oven. There is a large chest freezer in the laundry which includes a washing machine, tumble drier and ironing facilities. In addition to the open plan kitchen/lounge, the unit boasts an 81 square meter deck, with a super large alfresco dining table with benches that offer amazing sea views. Braai facilities includes a portable stainless steel charcoal braai which can be used on the open deck. By arrangement with the Mozambique authorities Casa Madeira is built within the 100m zone of breakers with 180ยบ views of the ocean. The unit is built on one of only 10 sites within the privately owned Wakene Beach Estate ( Access to the estate is restricted by security controlled boom gate. Casa Madeira is designed to accommodate larger groups or up to 3 families together on a self-catering basis. Smaller groups and tour operators can be accommodated at Casa Madeira by arrangement, at an individual rate per person. Please contact us for more information.

Unit 2: Casa Madeira Inventory List Kitchen Gas Hob Electric Oven Kettle Ice Machine 4 Slice Toaster Microwave Full Fridge 170L Fridge/Freezer Electric Beater Baking Trays Muffin Pan Deck Charcoal Braai 12 Volt Solar Lights 3 burner patio gasbraai Laundry Washing Machine Tumble Dryer Chest Freezer Bedrooms (6 Bedrooms all En-suite) 3 x Queen Beds 3 x 2 Single Beds 4 x Pullout Beds All cleaning materials and toilet paper supplied. Please bring own drinking water, beach towels and bath soaps.

Blaker’s House This magnificent villa of timber construction has a beautifully manicured garden with a wooden walkway directly onto the beach. This unit has 4 bedrooms with 3 bathrooms, a full dining room and lounge. A separate kitchen has all the modern conveniences and ample space with fridge, freezer, microwave, toaster, ice machine and double sink. The real gem is the 81sqm deck with stainless steel balustrades with a full sea view. Enjoy alfresco dining at a 10 seater table with benches and a three gas burner braai on the deck. This 9 sleeper unit, fully serviced with cleaning materials, linen and towels on the beach is ideally suited to two families or 8 adults.

Unit 4: Blaker’s House Inventory List Kitchen 4 Slice Toaster Electric Kettle 10 x Ice Trays Electric Stove & Oven 1 x chest deep freeze 1 x Fridge/Freezer 7kg Top load Washing Machine Portable Cd/Radio Iron + Iron Board Patio Gas Patio Braai – 3 burner Ideal for outdoor braai and Roasting Bedrooms – 9 sleeper 2 x Single Beds + Mozzie nets 3 x Single Beds + Mozzie nets 1 x Double Bed + Mozzie nets 1 x Double Bed 3 x Bathrooms

Saaiman’s House A magnificent Villa of timber construction, located at The Wakene Beach Estate. This unit offers 4 bedrooms all en-suite overlooking 180° Ocean View. There is a fully equipped kitchen with both electric and separate gas ovens, fridge, chest freezer and Ice machine. The 81sq meter deck offers alfresco dining for 10 persons with a full size gas braai griller. In addition to the extended deck, overlooking the sea, is a full size Jacuzzi. The unit is fully serviced and all linen and bath towels supplied. Toilet paper and cleaning materials also supplied. The unit is fully serviced daily by a full time housekeeper. There is a washing machine in the scullery for guests to use. A short walk onto the beach walkway, with an outdoor shower to rinse off at the unit entrance, makes this a very sought after accommodation.

Unit 5: Saaiman’s House Inventory List Kitchen: 4 Burner Gas Stove + Oven 4 Plate Electric Stove + Oven Ice Machine 4 – Slice Toaster Chest Freezer 210L Fridge/Freezer Electric Kettle Gas Kettle 3 Cast Iron pots (flat bottom) 5 Ice Trays Washing Machine Open Deck: 10 Seater table with benches Gas Braai 10 Single White Chairs Jacuzzi Solar 12watt Lights (Fitted throughout the house in case of power failure) Rooms Bedrooms x 4 (10 single beds) + linen and towels Bathrooms x 4 (4 showers + 2 baths)

All cleaning materials and toilet paper supplied. Please bring own drinking water, beach towels and bath soaps.

Bella Casa A 10 sleeper self-catering unit. Spanning 3 levels, the 1st level offers a covered carpark under the building with a full separate store room. The 2nd level has 3 bedrooms with 2 bathrooms, one of which is en-suite. The top level nestled in the dune canopy has a fully equipped kitchen with ice machine, electric and gas stoves, 2 fridges and a chest freezer. In addition there is a full living area with indoor dinning and lounge with 2 additional single beds. With the double bunks in the second bedroom. This units sleeps a maximum of 10 persons. Off the top floor living area is a wraparound open deck with alfresco dining table and braai area on one side. This unit is special in that it has a 360° view with its location on the highest dune, there are limited sea views because of the forest canopy but spectacular sunset views over the Coastal Forest. All linen and bath towels supplied, including cleaning materials and toilet paper. This unit is fully serviced daily by a full time housekeeper.


Unit 11: Bella Casa Inventory List Kitchen Gas Oven and Stove Electric Oven + Hob Electric Kettle 4 Slice Toaster Microwave 210L Fridge/Freezer 2 x 170L Fridge 1 x Ice Machine Deck Charcoal Braai Laundry 9kg - Washing Machine Tumble Dryer Chest Freezer Bedrooms (10 sleeper) 2 x Double beds 1 x Bunk beds (sleeps 4 pax) 2 beds upstairs in lounge

All cleaning materials and toilet paper supplied. Please bring own drinking water, beach towels and bath soaps.

In case of power outages there are 12volt lights throughout the house that connect at a central point in the carport to a vehicle battery.

Luxury Tented Camp This Tented “Safari Style� camp accommodates a maximum of 12 persons in Luxury Tents. Each tent sleeps 4 persons. Two tents have double beds and 2 single beds and the third has 4 single beds. All linen and bath towels are included in these furnished units with pedestal fans. The camp is raised on a wooden deck with interconnected walkways. Each tent has a decked verandah with seating to enjoy the magnificent view over the forest canopy onto the sea. There is an enclosed kitchen/dining area leading onto an open deck with sliding glass doors, a separate scullery and one and a half bathrooms with an additional open air shower. The camp has 220Volt electricity, gas and a 12Volt back up lighting. This fully serviced Luxury Camp with fully time housekeeper and ample facilities offers the ideal break away for group holidays.

Tented Camp – Inventory & Facilities List Bedrooms 2 x tents – 2 single beds, 1 double bed 1 x tent – 4 single beds Pedestal Fans Wardrobes Bedside drawers tables and lamps Kitchen/Dining Room Dining table + benches Chest Freezer Fridge Gas Oven + Hob Microwave Toaster Ice Machine Electric Kettle Braai Prep Bowl Double sink Tea towels Dish wash sponges Ice Trays Dish wash Liquid Bathroom 2 x toilet 1 x Indoor Shower 1 x Outdoor Shower Toilet Paper Hand Soap Store Room 220Volt Electricity Electric Geyser

Wakene Dune Chalets These fully serviced self-contained units offer an affordable alternative. Each Unit in the Dune Forest 500m from the Estate beach front, have no sea view but guests have a peaceful forest setting from which to explore the Surrounding Mozambique Attractions. There is access to the beach from a Communal parking area and wooden walkway with stairs. There are 3 dune chalets, each has two bedrooms and a bathroom. All linen and bath towels are provided and the unit is serviced daily by a full time housekeeper. There is a fully equipped kitchen with a fridge/freezer, microwave oven, kettle, two plate cooker. The kitchen is open-plan to the living area. There is a private braai/Lapha area at each unit.

Chalets 1 – 3: Inventory List Bedrooms Chalet 1 and 3 1 bedroom – Double Bed 1 bedroom – Single Beds Chalet 2 2 bedrooms – Single beds Kitchen 2 Plate Electric Stove 1 Gas Cooker 1 Microwave 1 Electric Kettle 2 Slice Toaster 170L Fridge/Freezer Combo Outside Braai + Grid

Campsites This is a beautiful campsite nestled behind the sand dunes, on Wakene Beach Estate, within the coastal forest. There are 9 secluded Campsites available, each with their own private ablution and kitchenette. The private sites can accommodate up to 12 guests per campsite. Each camp has a power point, water tap and a braai available. The ablutions are equipped with flushing toilets, hot-water showers and basins. There is also a separate kitchenette with a fridge, a kettle and a two-plate stove. Toilet paper and cleaning materials, including dishwashing liquid are supplied. Included in the tariff is a housekeeper to clean each site daily. This is the ideal base to explore the surrounding area and enjoy the indigenous coastal forest with prolific bird life and natural fauna and flora. Some campsites are bigger than others so please advise how many tents, caravans & trailers will be needed to stay on this site.

Henk’s Camp

Jabulile Camp

Campsite Inventory List & Facilities QTY 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

DESCRIPTION Kettle Electric 2 Plate gas stove 170L Fridge / Freezer Veggie Rack Dish draining Rack Sink Plugs Tea Towels Dish Swab Sponge Ice Trays Dishwashing Liquid Broom Dustpan and Brush Kitchen Bin Toilet Paper Hand Soap Bathroom Bins Basin Plugs Toilet brush Shower mat 9kg Gas Bottle Stainless Steel braai Fire Rim

General Information Manguzi Hospital Telephone: +27 (0) 35 592 0150 / 0151 Fax: +27 (0) 35 592 0158 / 0144 Postal Address: Private Bag X301 Kwa-Ngwanase 3793 Physical Address: Off main road, Ithala Centre, Manguzi Town, Kwa-Ngwanase (Kosi Bay) GPS co-ordinates: 32.75637467 | -26.9840283 Email: Private General Practioner (Manguzi) Dr Moodley : 035 592 0462 or if dialling from Mozambique +2735 592 0462. Shop 24 Manguzi Medical Centre, Main Road, Kwangwanase Please note border access times are 8am to 5pm daily. Lavega Pharmacy (Ponta do Oura) (Next to the BCI Bank) Pharmacist on site to diagnose and dispense Opening Times: Mon – Fri – 08:00 to 17:00 Sat & Sun – 08:00 to 12:00 Tel: 84 526 3632 Or Roaming: +258 84 526 3632 Transfers Sharon Belardinelli Tel: SA: +27 82 331 7250 Tel: MOZ: +258 849 523 984 Email: Shopping Basic provisions can be purchased in Ponta Malongane at a Tuckshop called Carlo’s Shop (opposite “Come to See” Restaurant). This includes long life milk, bottled water, vegetables, cold drinks + alcohol, wood, charcoal and Ice. The Mozambique bread rolls (called Poa’s) can be purchased at The Bakery in Malongane Campsites or at selected tuckshops in Malongane Village. The Market in Ponta do Ouro has all the same goods but more vendors (not necessarily more variety). Else Luka’s butchery in Ponta do Ouro opposite BCI/Bank has fantastic meats and general foodstuffs, including some luxuries and milk. Selected fresh prawns, crabs, clams and crayfish can be purchases from individual vendors in the streets at this center. It is recommended that you bring most of your food with you. There are no restrictions on bring meat and vegetables into Mozambique through the Kosibay Border. There are restrictions on alcohol, either hide your stash or restrict quantities. (100% duties on alcohol)

On exit back to South Africa. The South African Environmental Authorities will prohibit fresh fruit and vegetables entering South Africa. Please also restrict fish quantities imported back into South Africa (Usually 2kg per person) of pelagic/game species. No, bottom Reef fish or endangered species allowed. Restuarants – Ponta Malangane Sunset Shack Bull Republic Come to See Marula Shak (Nkumbe Wildlife Estate) Jack’s Barefoot Bar Jenny’s Bar 360 Degrees Restaurant & Bar Golden Village Restuarants – Ponta do Ouro Ponta Café Restaurant & Bar Fishmonga’s Restaurant & Grill Florestinha Do Indico Restaurant & Bar The Mango Café Restaurant Ponto Beach Bar Fernando’s Bar Pinto’s Place Nitghclub & Pub Love Café Restaurant Tarragon’s Tea Garden Scuba Diving & Snorkeling Ideal spots for snorkeling are around any rocky outcrops, especially in the bays, near the points of Ponta do Ouro and Ponto Malangane. The best is at Ponta Majenine Point (also known as Fredricos Bay) 2km north of Wakene. You must go at low tide and preferably at spring low. It is a wonderful walk up the beach or drive out of Wakene, turn north past Phapalathi entrance, 1.5km turn right at the Mamoli Creache/school and craft market. Follow the signs to Baleia Azul with the whale logo. Park in their parking and you have free access on the beach. Diving is only allowed through approved, licenced operators. Try the dive camp at Parrque de Malangane or there ae various operators at Ponta do Ouro.

Oceana Contact: Sandy Phone: +258 84 847 8110 Email:

Back to Basics Contact: Jenny Strรถmvoll Phone: +258 846115589 Email:

The Whaler Contact Hilton Phone: +258 84 705 2121 Email:

Devocean Phone: +27 83 657 4050 Cell: +258 84 206 1120 Email:

Gozo Azul Natalie Phone: +258 84 451 6110 Email:

Simply Scuba Phone: +27 (11) 678 0972 Cell: +27 83 601 2233

Scuba Adventures Contact bookings in SA on +270116489648 Email:

The Dolphin Centre Phone: +258 21 901 189 Cell: +258 842 42 9864 For Bookings : Mobile: +27 72 707 0777

The Dolphin Research Centre Contact: Angie Gullan Phone: +258 84 330 3859 Email : Whale watching Goza Azul Laurens +258 84 339 2910

Fishing No licence is required if fishing from the beach. Texas Reef, the longest reef in the area, is directly in front of Wakene Beach Estate. The dolphin often move through the area between the reef and the back line. There are more rocky outcrops within this surfzone area and these become more obvious and prominent as you move north of Wakene up to Ponta Majenine point (Fredricos Bay 2km north of Wakene). Just south of Wakene is a stretch of sandy area wihtout rocks in the surfzone. This is pruductive for wave garick. Fish in the open areas between or next to the rocks for bream, rockard and other reef species. The open areas that are easier to fish with a long cast produce larger wave garick, kingfish, queen fish to name a few of the regular inhabitants more often hooked. Early mornings, before the wind picks up, its ideal for light tackle or drop shot. Walk along the beach and walk the areas where the sand gets churned up by the rip current. Later during the day and afternoons use bait (there is a fishing shop in Ponta do Ouro which sells various baits or us fish fillets or sea lice). Even the youngest anglers can have fun with a light tackle and bait with a small hook in the gulleys that run parallel to the beach. For the more adventurous, experienced fisherman throw or slide bigger baits in the evening. Boat & Jetski users (paddleskies can launch anywhere) 1. The area in which Malongane is situated has been declared a Marine Park, so only fishing vessels registered for fishing with the necessary equipment on board and

proper launch permits will be allowed to launch. No bottom fishing or vertical jigging is allowed. Vessels with bottom fishing gear on board will face severe fines. 2. All vessels launching need a launching permit and fishing vessels need a fishing permit. These can ve obtained from the Port Captain in Ponta D’Ouro and the fisheries representative at the launch site at the beach in Ponta’Do Ouro. 3. Skipper’s licence, seaworthy certificate and Border entry documents are required for permits. Launching of motorised vessels is only allowed at designated launch areas IE: Ponta do Ouro, Ponta Malangane, Fredricos Bay, Ponta Mamoli. Local Mozambican Fishing Guide available for rock and surf or to accompany you on your boat – speaks English, Afrikaans, Zulu & Portuguese. Call David on +25 88 455 903 32 for R150 per day.

Goza Azul Fishing Charters Laurens or Nick

Nirvana Mozambique contacts: +258 84 845 6435 / +258 87 546 8337 / +258 877 797 615 South African contact: 082 351 6667 Quad Biking Back to Basics Contact: Jenny Strömvoll Phone: +258 846115589 Email: Extreme Adventures Phone: +258 84 205 2799/77 Email:

Surfing, Kiteboarding & SUP

Surfs Up Located at the Beach Bar in Ponto du Oura.

Paragliding Contact Richard Phone: +258 84 205 8418 Email:

Maputo Elephant Reserve Formerly known as the Maputo Elephant Reserve, the Maputo Special Reserve is a perfect day trip for people staying in the Maputo area. Recently the reserve joined parks in Swaziland and South Africa and now forms part of the Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation Area. The scenic diversity of marine and inshore habitats offers amazing opportunities for watching wildlife, as well as sport fishing, diving, and canoeing. Elephants, hippos, crocodiles, monkeys, and a large variety of bird species are frequently spotted. Rates R120 per person as entrance fee for day visitors. 25 minutes to access Southgate from Wakene. Contact David to accompany you in your vehicle for directions and as a guide. Call David on +25 88 455 903 32 for R150 per day. Speaks English & Afrikaans.

Mozambique's History Mozambique’s first inhabitants were San hunters and gatherers, ancestors of the Khoisani people. Between the first and fourth centuries AD, waves of Bantu-speaking people migrated from the north through the Zambezi River valley and then gradually into the plateau and coastal areas. The Bantu were farmers and ironworkers. When Portuguese explorers reached Mozambique in 1498, Arab-trading settlements had existed along the coast and outlying islands for several centuries. From about 1500, Portuguese trading posts and forts became regular ports of call on the new route to the east. Later, traders and prospectors penetrated the interior regions seeking gold and slaves. Although Portuguese influence gradually expanded, its power was limited and exercised through individual settlers who were granted extensive autonomy. As a result, investment lagged while Lisbon devoted itself to the more lucrative trade with India and the Far East and to the colonization of Brazil. By the early 20th century the Portuguese had shifted the administration of much of the country to large private companies, controlled and financed mostly by the British, which established railroad lines to neighbouring countries and supplied cheap African labour to the mines and plantations of the nearby British colonies and South Africa. Because policies were designed to benefit white settlers and the Portuguese homeland, little attention was paid to Mozambique’s national integration, its economic infrastructure, or the skills of its population. After World War II, while many European nations were granting independence to their colonies, Portugal clung to the concept that Mozambique and other Portuguese possessions were overseas provinces of the mother country, and emigration to the colonies soared. Mozambique’s Portuguese population at the time of independence was about 250,000. The drive for Mozambican independence developed apace, and in 1962 several anti-colonial political groups formed the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO), which initiated an armed campaign against Portuguese colonial rule in September 1964. After ten years of sporadic warfare and major political changes in Portugal, Mozambique became independent on June 25, 1975. The last 30 years of Mozambique’s history have reflected political developments elsewhere in the 20th century. Following the April 1974 coup in Lisbon, Portuguese colonialism collapsed. In Mozambique, the military decision to withdraw occurred within the context of a decade of armed anti-colonial struggle, initially led by American-educated Eduardo Mondlane, who was assassinated in 1969. When independence was proclaimed in 1975, the leaders of FRELIMO’s military campaign rapidly established a one-party state allied to the Soviet bloc and outlawed rival political activity. FRELIMO eliminated political pluralism, religious educational institutions, and the role of traditional authorities. The new government gave shelter and support to South African (ANC) and Zimbabwean (ZANU) liberation movements while the governments of apartheid South Africa and Rhodesia fostered and financed an armed rebel movement in

central Mozambique called the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO). Civil war, sabotage from neighbouring states, and economic collapse characterized the first decade of Mozambican independence. Also marking this period were the mass exodus of Portuguese nationals, weak infrastructure, nationalization, and economic mismanagement. During most of the civil war, the government was unable to exercise effective control outside urban areas, many of which were cut off from the capital. An estimated one million Mozambicans perished during the civil war, 1.7 million took refuge in neighbouring states, and several million more were internally displaced. In the third FRELIMO party congress in 1983, President Samora Machel conceded the failure of socialism and the need for major political and economic reforms. He died, along with several advisers, in a suspicious plane crash. His successor, Joaquim Chissano, continued the reforms and began peace talks with RENAMO. The new constitution enacted in 1990 provided for a multi-party political system, marketbased economy, and free elections. The civil war ended in October 1992 with the Rome General Peace Accords. Under supervision of the ONUMOZ peacekeeping force of the United Nations, peace returned to Mozambique. By mid-1995 the more than 1.7 million Mozambican refugees who had sought asylum in neighbouring Malawi, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Zambia, Tanzania, and South Africa as a result of war and drought had returned, as part of the largest repatriation witnessed in SubSaharan Africa. Additionally, a further estimated four million internally displaced returned to their areas of origin. In 1994 the country held its first democratic elections. Joaquim Chissano was elected President with 53% of the vote, and a 250-member National Assembly was voted in with 129 FRELIMO deputies, 112 RENAMO deputies, and nine representatives of three smaller parties that formed the Democratic Union (UD). Since its formation in 1994, the National Assembly has made progress in becoming a body increasingly more independent of the executive. After some delays, in 1998 the country held its first local elections to provide for local representation and some budgetary authority at the municipal level. The principal opposition party, RENAMO, boycotted the local elections, citing flaws in the registration process. Independent states contested the elections and won seats in municipal assemblies. Turnout was very low. In the aftermath of the 1998 local elections, the government resolved to make more accommodations to the opposition’s procedural concerns for the second round of multiparty national elections in 1999. Working through the National Assembly, the electoral law was rewritten and passed by consensus in December 1998. Financed largely by international partners, a very successful voter registration was conducted from July to September 1999, providing voter registration cards to 85% of the potential electorate (more than 7 million voters). The second general elections were held on 3 – 5 December 1999, with high voter turnout. International and domestic observers agreed that the voting process was well organized and went smoothly. Both the opposition and observers subsequently cited flaws in the tabulation process that, had they not occurred, might have changed the outcome. In the end, however, international and domestic observers concluded that the close result of the vote reflected the will of the people. President Chissano won the presidency with a margin of 4% points over the RENAMO-Electoral Union coalition candidate, Afonso Dhlakama, and began his five-year term in January 2000. FRELIMO increased its majority in the National Assembly with 133 out of 250 seats. RENAMO-UE coalition won 116 seats, one went

independent, and no third parties were represented. The opposition coalition did not accept the National Election Commission’s results of the presidential vote and filed a formal complaint to the Supreme Court. One month after the voting, the court dismissed the opposition’s challenge and validated the election results. The opposition did not file a complaint about the results of the legislative vote. In June 2002 Joaquim Chissano announced that he was not running for a third term at the 2004 elections. FRELIMO chose Armando Emilio Guebuza as their new presidential candidate. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim Chissano stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio Guebuza, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. President Guebuza was re-elected to a second term in October 2009. However, the elections were flawed by voter fraud, questionable disqualification of candidates, and Frelimo use of government resources during the campaign. As a result, Freedom House removed Mozambique from its list of electoral democracies.

Want to Invest or own your own Holiday Home Mission Statement To list, under one umbrella, land, houses and investment opportunities with the relevant information, useful links and appropriate laws for foreign investment, travel and land usage rights in the country of Mozambique. OBJECTIVES • To list properties for sale and to rent • To provide on site visits, accommodating, transporting and guiding potential investors • To supply legal sales documents, contracts and advice • To provide information relating to: • Land rights • Utility services • Financial services • Legal responsibilities and licensing • Administrative responsibilities of investments and homeownership • Visitors Travel information • Useful Links

Wakene Information Booklet Oct 2016