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Fisheries, Coastal Resources and Livelihood Project (FishCORAL) This project aims to improve

In line with the Philippine

the condition of watersheds and the livelihoods of poor rural people in four priority river basins, selected on the basis of their biophysical condition, socioeconomic and conservation values and state of degradation. The project is targeting 23 watersheds in nine provinces comprising over 1.13 million hectares with an estimated population of around 2.7 million. In the selected watersheds, it will reduce degradation caused by deforestation and unsustainable farming practices while generating tangible economic benefits.

Development Plan (PDP) 2011-2016 and IFAD’s strategic framework (2011-2015), this project was proposed to aid fishing households below the poverty line in the areas of Region 5, 8, 13 and ARMM. It also supports government’s Rehabilitation projects to typhoon Haiyan affected communities. The government provides fishing boats and equipment and assistance to aquaculture while this project will support the rehabilitation of the coastal and fishery resources and recovery of the livelihoods of fishing communities. Moreover, natural disaster risks and climate change concerns were also considered in this project to increase community resiliency to natural hazards and climaterelated risks.

• Payments for water regulation, Total project cost: soil conservation, carbon offsets US$148.6 million and biodiversity IFAD loan: US$20.0 million • Income-generation Directly benefiting: 44,000 from sustainable use and households management, and value added Cofinancing: The project will benefit Asian Development Bank: approximately 220,000 people processing of forest products US$100.0 million – the majority from vulnerable • Improved natural resource Global Environmental Facility: and marginalized sectors – with US$2.5 million a particular focus on indigenous productivity and climate resilience. AsDBank:Climate Change peoples and resource-poor. Fund: US$1.4 million Mechanisms to achieve these objectives are:

The project will maximize the potential of the registered people’s organization to further develop their existing activities. Moreover, it will also establish new people’s organization relevant to the demands of each target group. FishCORAL has two major components. First, Coastal Resource Management (CRM) which aims to restore and protect coastal resources through local law enforcement, participatory local CRM planning, rehabilitation of resources and establishment of support infrastructure. Second, Livelihood Development by encouraging fisherfolk households to engage in diversified sources of income.

Convergence on Value Chain Enhancement for Rural Growth and Empowerment (CONVERGE) Total Cost: US$ 42.41 M IFAD Loan: US$ 29.96M IFAD Grant: US$ 0.693M Directly benefiting: 188,000 households

Rural Microenterprise Promotion Programme (RuMEPP) Total cost: US$27.5 million IFAD loan: US$21.2 million Duration: 2006-2013 Directly benefiting: 200,000 households

This project was proposed in line with PDP’s goal in reducing the incidence of poverty in the ten target provinces of Regions IX, X and Caraga, located in the west, north and northeast of Mindanao which are among the six poorest regions of the country through crop diversification and increased farm income. It will use participatory value chain development in improving the profitability of household farm enterprises in a sustainable manner. This project will enable ARBs (to become highly productive and competitive entrepreneurs and to achieve broad-based rural economic growth.

Completed Projects

Northern Mindanao Community Initiatives and Resource Management Project (NMCIREMP) Total cost: US$21.6 million IFAD loan: US$14.8 million Duration: 2003-2009 Directly benefiting: 58,500 households

Development, and Project Management/Monitoring and Evaluation and Knowledge Management.

The business development partners, including eligible farmers’ cooperatives and associations will be part of the target group since the latter It will be implemented through can lead as an innovator in its three components such improving the returns from the as Participatory Value-Chain existing and emerging valueAnalysis and Planning, chains in an enterprise-oriented Integrated Smallholders Agricultural and Rural Enterprise development approach.

Total Cost: US$ 34.59M IFAD Loan: US$ 25M Directly benefiting: 300,512 farmer beneficiaries (estimated 54,638 households)

Rural Microenterprise Finance Project (RMFP) Total cost: US$64.8 million IFAD loan: US$14.7 million Duration: 1996-2002 Directly benefiting: 300,000 households Cofinancing: Asian Development Bank (US$20.0 million) Western Mindanao Community Initiatives Project (WMCIP) Total cost: US$18.2 million IFAD loan: US$14.8 million IFAD grant: US$0.75 million Duration: 1999-2007 Directly benefiting: 16,000 households

First Cordillera Highland Agricultural Resource Management Project (CHARMP) Total cost: US$41.5 million IFAD loan: US$9.2 million Duration: 1996-2004 Directly benefiting: 23,150 households Cofinancing: Asian Development Bank (US$19.1 million) Visayas Communal Irrigation and Participatory Project (VCIPP) Total cost: US$21.7 million IFAD loan: US$15.1 million Duration: 1992-1999 Directly benefiting: 11,600 households Cofinancing: Desenvol. Integral SudOuest Do Parana Brazil (US$0.75 million), Netherlands (US$1.5 million), UN Development Programme (UNDP) (US$0.6 million) Smallholder Livestock Development Project (SLDP) Total cost: US$12.7 million IFAD loan: US$8.0 million Duration: 1982-1989 Directly benefiting: 34,000 households Cofinancing: Asian Development Bank (US$2.6 million)

Highland Agriculture Development Project (HADP) Total cost: US$26.9 million IFAD loan: US$4.6 million Duration: 1987-1993 Directly benefiting: 6,600 households Cofinancing: Asian Development Bank (US$18.8 million) Magat River Multipurpose Project Stage II (Irrigation) (MRMPS II) Total cost: US$62.0 million IFAD loan: US$10.0 million Duration: 1979-1984 Directly benefiting: 12,400 households Communal Irrigation Development Project (CIDP) Total cost: US$121.8 million IFAD loan: US$12.0 million Duration: 1983-1990 Directly benefiting: 24,000 households Cofinancing: World Bank: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (US$71.1 million)


Second Cordillera Highland Agricultural Resource Management Project (CHARMP2)

The Philippine population has reached over 100 million in 2015 yet the decline in poverty has been slow and uneven. With 25.8% poverty incidence in 2014 (NSCB), one in every four Filipinos or one in every five families is living below poverty line. More than half of the population in the Philippines live in rural areas. Poverty in rural areas is more than three times higher than the percentage in the urban areas leaving widening poverty gap between them. Moreover, there is higher illiteracy, underemployment and poverty incidents but less access to productive assets and business opportunities among people in rural areas that cause lag in economic growth.

They have few non-farm income-generating activities, and people lack access to microfinance services and affordable credit. Overall, a quarter of the people in the Philippines live in poverty. The poorest of the poor are the indigenous peoples, smallscale farmers who cultivate land received through agrarian reform, landless workers, fishers, people in upland areas and women. The people in the uplands of the Cordillera highlands and Mindanao Island are among the poorest in the country. Among the causes of rural poverty are a decline in the productivity and profitability of farming, smaller farm sizes and unsustainable practices that have led to deforestation and depleted fishing waters.

Poverty reduction is one of the highest priorities of the Philippines over the past three decades. The current Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2011-2016 adopts a framework of inclusive growth, which is high growth that is sustained, generates mass employment, and reduces poverty. The PDP Midterm Update realigns the government’s strategies to craft and implement concrete solutions to the country’s problems and speed up the creation of high quality jobs, reduce poverty and achieve inclusive growth. The approach in poverty reduction is ensuring people’s access to health, education, water, sanitation, and secure shelter, among others.

IFAD’s programs and projects are built on strong country ownership and results of a long participatory process in which a wide range of stakeholders are consulted. Working with the government, IFAD supports microfinance, with the aim of tripling loans to self-employed people, to microenterprises and to entrepreneurial poor people in remote areas. IFAD’s current strategy in the Philippines has evolved from the government’s own strategic initiative from IFAD’s own strategic framework and key strategies for Asia and the Pacific region, and from lessons learned from past operations in the country. Past experiences have sharpened the focus of IFAD’s activities to concentrate on the leastfavored marginal upland and coastal areas, home to many of the country’s poorest people. Access to the financial services is a crucial factor in breaking the poverty cycle among poor people.

In the Philippines, IFAD supports institutions that provide microcredit to borrowers who have little or no collateral. Programs and projects financed by IFAD promote innovative approaches to address some of the issues that perpetuate rural poverty. IFAD loans support: • Decentralization: strengthening the capacities of local institutions •Improved access to markets, technology and rural financial services •Involvement of private sector in the operations •Improved management of natural resources and the environment •Improved access to land and water resources and their sustainable use for poor households

Projects: 15 Total project cost: US$ 752.90 million IFAD financing: US$ 244.40 million Directly benefiting: 1,749,307 households

This project builds on the first

This project will support the

Cordillera Highland Agricultural Resource Management Project (CHARMP2), which has contributed to reducing poverty among indigenous peoples in the highlands of the Cordillera Region in the northern Philippines. The second CHARMP innovative combination of emergency assistance and a development project concentrates on areas where poverty is most severe in all six provinces of the region: Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga and Mountain Province. The aim is to reduce poverty and improve the livelihoods of indigenous peoples living in farming communities in the mountainous project area. It introduces new forms of innovation such as commercialization of indigenous peoples’ products through value chain development and market linkages.

government’s 2009-2013 Rice Self-Sufficiency Plan, a nationwide effort to regain selfsufficiency in rice production and to respond to the food price crisis that emerged in 2008. IFAD’s investment will provide support for securing good quality seed to boost rice production and for rehabilitating and developing irrigation works. The programme includes two subprograms that are separate but mutually dependent such as the Rapid Seed Supply Financing Project (RaSSFiP), implemented in 2009 and the Irrigated Rice Production Enhancement Project (IRPEP), to be implemented from 2010 to 2015.

It also strengthens participatory systems of monitoring and evaluation of project activities, and the capacity of indigenous peoples and their councils of elders to assume responsibility for forest management.

Total project cost: US$66.4 million IFAD loan: US$26.6 million IFAD grant: US$561,000 Duration: 2008-2016 Directly benefiting: 12,530 households Cofinancing: Asian Development Bank (US$10.0 million), OPEC Fund for International Development (US$10.0 million)

The programme targets poor paddy farmers and poor irrigators’ associations in various rice-growing areas, with the objective of achieving an increase in paddy production.

The RaSSFiP focused on acquisition and distribution of certified seeds for the 2009 wet season crop while IRPEP will work in the longer term to strengthen irrigation associations, provide production inputs and support services, develop and maintain irrigation and rural infrastructure, develop marketing and the post-harvest stage of production and promote policy dialogue. IFAD will directly supervise the programme, which is an innovative combination of emergency assistance and a development project. It brings together an urgent response to prevent an emergency by supplying seeds rapidly to increase paddy production, and a medium-term irrigation rehabilitation effort that aims at increased and sustained production.

Through the financial package, IFAD will provide funds for the urgent phase and play a catalytic role in further financing. And IFAD’s support for the government’s sector-wide programme enables both IFAD and the government to fast track processing, providing a potential model for future initiatives.

Total cost: US$42.2 million IFAD loan: US$15.9 million Directly benefiting: 763,889 households Cofinancing: European Commission (US$13.1 million), Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (US$0.5 million), to be determined (US$0.5 million)


International Fund for Agricultural Development