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Lemma Al-Ghanem Sample Work Portfolio University at Buffalo School of Architecture and Design Class of 2016


Table of Contents Pages 4- 33.............................................................................................................................................Morphology Fall 2013: Studied and implemented concepts of the Great Mosque of Cordoba Pages 34-39.............................................................................................................................................Space Inversion Spring 2013: Investigated positive and negative components of a space using haptic qualities Pages 40-47.............................................................................................................................................One to One Scale Spring 2013: Used different casting as a way to create a larger scale structure inside studio space Pages 48-51.............................................................................................................................................Spaghetti Structure Fall 2012: Designed 16 inch structure using only pasta and glue Pages 52-53.............................................................................................................................................Grain Elevator Survey Fall 2012: Surveyed historic grain silos in Buffalo NY and designed inhabitable spaces within Pages 54-55.............................................................................................................................................Architectural Photography Sample of architecture photography


The objective of this project was to explore and study the great Mosque of Cordoba. As built drawings were generated and the changes the building underwent over time were studied and taken into account. I was then asked to create an “artifact� which captured the essence of the Cathedral Mosque as was seen fit. I was then asked to survey a site in the Western New York region. The Artifact then had to be translated into a building to be integrated onto the site given to me.

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As Built Drawings of Cathedral Mosque, Cordoba Spain

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After studying my precedent, I looked at the mosque as a manipulatable fabric or tool in which the Cathedral later embedded itself. Generated from a strict grid system, the Mosque kept on expanding in a horizontal nature. The first portion of the artifact was completed by sewing sticks together in a grid system which was determined by the floor plan the Great Mosque of C贸rdoba. The result was a fabric of sticks which strongly resembled the hypostyle hall of the precedent. The sea of sticks was manipulatable and reacted as a whole when disturbed. A metallic ring was placed in the center to symbolize the way in which the addition of the cathedral disturbed the columns of the Mosque.

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The second portion of the artifact was completed by placing fabric over the forest of sticks which were displaced by the metal ring. Then plaster was poured over the fabric which subsequently filled into all of the gaps in the sticks caused by the displacement.

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The third part of the semester was dedicated to surveying the site which was Glen Park in Williamsville New York. Panoramas, sections, and diagrams were generated to understand each aspect which would affect building on the given site.

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Lake Ontario

ott

Ellic ek

Cre

USA

Niagara

Main

et

Stre

Niagara River

Canada

ek

re

tC

ot

lic

El

Grand Island

k

n

le

G

Willaimsville

r Pa

Onondaga Excarp ment

M ai

n

S

tre

et

Amherst

Buffalo

Lake Erie

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Commercial Buildings Residnetial Buildings Farmer’s Market Water Paths Green Space Bench

7 AM

10 AM

Summer Solstice: June 21, 2013 Sunrise: 4:38 AM Sunset: 7:55 PM

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12 PM

3 PM

6 PM

9 AM

10 AM

12 PM

2 PM

3 PM

Winter Solstice: December 21, 2013 Sunrise: 7:44 AM Sunset: 4:40 PM

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After the site analysis, the artifact as then re-looked at and a building proposal was decided. My building proposal integrated the vertical making of volumes from a horizontal base. People would inhabit within the volumes (created by the plaster pour) on top of the pour and in the space beneath. Thirty-second scale model iteration were generated and placed into the contour site model. A one-either scale model was then constructed along with diagrams and drawings.

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East faceing Elevation

West faceing Elevation

West faceing diagonal section

26 South faceing Elevation

East faceing Section

27 South faceing section


The final iteration contained a material change as well as a change with the treatment of the bottom most level. With the addition program of a fitness center, this building transformed into a training facility for circus like acrobatics and sports. Instead of concrete, the whole of the building would be made up of a series of nets except for the columns and the floors. These nets would thicken in density when spaces called for a more private setting like the changing rooms. These diagrams illustrate the netting. The final building was designed and drawn in section to gain better control on the form and practicality.

28 Changing Rooms

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This project focused on the understanding of shapes which make up a space. I was asked to find a space in Buffalo, draw it, model it and then work with the negative and positive spaces. Later a design proposal for a residence was generated from the space’s individual components.

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The object of this project was to cast a thin shell of an existing part of the studio spaces and create a space where the entire team can be accommodated inside or underneath the structure. My team chose to cast the corner of the studio space as it is what holds together the entire structure or form of the studios. Wanting to draw on the feelings of enclosure felt inside these spaces the concept of the corner drove the whole project. We wanted the result to appear as if it grew from the origin of the studio and give off the same enclosed atmosphere we based it off of. Taking a modular approach to the project garnered a specific set of rules used throughout for the attachment of the corners and the ending form.

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Attached by the corner: A Properties of Paper . Basis Weight . Brightness, Whiteness and Color

Properties Executed - substance per unit area - affects all properties - glue + paper = weight change while wet

. Bulk

- volume or thickness in relation to weight. (changes when glue is wet) - decrease the bulk=increase density (important to structure)

. Dimensional Stability

- consequence of absorption + de-absorption of of glue +water + alcohol mix

. Folding Endurance (Double Folds)

- capability of withstanding multiple folds before it breaks. -aided in precise construct of each cornor

. . . .

Attached by the corner: B

Attached by the corner: C

Attached half way on each side: A

Attached half way on each side: B

Attached half way on each side: C

Site Opportunities .Corner .Walls .Floors .Saw horses

Formation Gloss Machine and Cross Direction Opacity -news paper contains more obvious grain. - absorbs water more than construction paper

. Porosity . Sizing/ Cobb . Smoothness

- measure of force to bend a paper to specified angle. -structure needs to be stiff to withstand pressure of gravity

. Stiffness . Stretch (Elongation) . Tearing Resistance . Temperature and Humidity: Conditioning of paper . Thickness . Surface Strength

Materiality and Site Natus ex Origine

Scale: 1/8�=1’

Slotted at 45 degrees

Slotted at half way

Overlapped at half way

Same orientation stacked

Half slotted half way

-each corner made has to contain two layers of thickness for over all structural integrity

Layer number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Feet tall 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Number of Number of total corners in corners in number of corners layer foot 2 2 4 6 6 6 12 8 14 20 10 30 12 22 42 14 56 16 30 72 18 90 20 38 110 22 132 24 46 156 26 182 28 54 210 30 240 32 62 272 34 306 36 70 342 38 380 40 78 420 Entrance Shift

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A

A

A

A

B

B

B

B

South Elevation Scale: 3/8”=1’

West Elevation Scale: 3/8”=1’

Plan A Scale: 3/8”=1’

Plan B Scale: 3/8”=1’

A

A

B

B

A

B

B

East Elevation Scale: 3/8”=1’

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A

Section Scale: 3/8”=1’

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Project Objectives: Project One: To design and create a 16 inch tall structure out of only spaghetti and glue which would hold a two pound plaster egg without any assistance. Project two: To document the grain silos of Marina A in Buffalo, New York through pictures, and hardline hand drawings. Then, design spaces to be placed inside in which people may sit, stand, and lay down.

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Sample of architectural photography work

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Sample Portfolio  

Sample Work portfolio from freshman semester till present

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