Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies - 2018 Annual Report

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Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies

2017-2018


Director’s Letter Through a partnership with the Lemann Foundation, we are now receiving the first of a growing number of Brazilian civil servants who will be pursuing MA degrees in Policy Economics, Accountancy, Finance and Law. The program builds on the Lemann Institute’s longstanding work with the Brazilian Central Bank in providing scholarships to its staff for graduate training in Policy Economics. Thanks to support from the Lemann Foundation, we now extend those scholarships to prospective students identified by the Ministry of Finance Civil Service School and by the National School of Public Administration of the Ministry of Budget and Planning. The first student from the Ministry of Finance is on campus this fall with a Lemann Foundation scholarship, alongside the four students from the Central Bank receiving scholarships from the Lemann Institute. Next year, we will welcome up to eight students though this program with the Lemann Foundation.

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he Lemann Institute had a strong year in the quality of proposals for faculty research and in the candidacies for graduate student fellowships. In 2018, the Institute made three research awards in collaboration with the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) in the areas of Speech and Hearing Science, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, and Veterinary Medicine. The Institute also made research awards in Education and Political Science. The ability to support graduate research is significantly enhanced by the annual gift from the Marianne and Peter Kilby family and gift from Jorge Paulo Lemann to support the Werner Baer Fellowship for graduate students in the social sciences. Most of the recipients of this award come from Brazil, continuing Illinois’ tradition of graduate training of Brazilian scholars in fields such as economics and history. Lemann Graduate Fellowships were awarded to students in Agricultural & Biological Engineering Art History, History, Spanish & Portuguese. Werner Baer Fellowships were awarded to students in Economics, History and Political Science.

Two other fellowship programs are providing further educational opportunities at Illinois for scholars from Brazil:

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The Lemann Institute has also has a partnership with the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio (PUC-Rio) which has received a grant from the Brazilian Ministry of Education / CAPES, which provides affirmative action scholarships for undergraduate and graduate students of African descent from PUC-Rio who study for a semester at Illinois. The program has so far funded scholarships for five students who would not otherwise have had the opportunity to study abroad. The scholarship program is supported on campus by the Department of African American Studies and the Department of History. With a focus on expanding opportunities for study at Illinois and in fostering high-quality student research on Brazil, on November 9, the Lemann Institute will hold the first Lemann Graduate Forum, a multi-format conference showcasing research by current and past recipients of the Lemann and Baer Fellowships. The Lemann Graduate Forum will also include a keynote by Distinguished Visiting Professor Marco Bonomo, an economist from INSPER in São Paulo who this fall is teaching a course on contemporary issues in Brazil’s economy.


Lemann Dialogue I

n 2017, amid Brazil’s economic and political complexities, the Lemann Institute at Illinois hosted the 7th Lemann Dialogue. A meeting shared with the Lemann Centers at Columbia, Harvard and Stanford, in collaboration with the Lemann Foundation, the Dialogue is a forum for exploring contemporary challenges in Brazil from the perspectives of entrepreneurship, economics, and public policy - particularly in education.

This year’s Dialogue focused on “Turning Points.” The keynote address by Sen. Cristovam Buarque opened up the question of turning points in Brazil, asking how public policy can shape social outcomes. This laid the groundwork for a compelling debate which threaded through the two days of sessions: what is the role of public policy in producing universal outcomes, in areas such as education, and what is the role of public policy and of entrepreneurship in creating the conditions under which specific entities - schools or school systems, political or policy reformers, or startups - can break new ground. This is a compelling debate with real stakes: are large areas of public policy able to innovate? And can innovative entities shape broader outcomes? Versions of these questions were taken up by participants who included Juliano Seabra of the entrepreneur mentoring program Endeavor Brazil; Nisia Trinidade Lima, President of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation; Clodovéu Arruda, fellow at Columbia University and past mayor of Sobral, Ceará; Federal Deputy Alessandro Molon; Alexandre Tombini, Past President of the Brazilian Central Bank and currently Executive Director at the International Monetary Fund; Francisco Gaetani President of the National School for Public Administration; Camila Pereira, Project Director in Education of the Lemann Foundation; and faculty from the partner universities as well as the University of

São Paulo, Federal University of Minas Gerais, University of Southern California, University of Texas at Austin, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Leiden University. There were over 200 registered attendees at the two-day event. As Brazil embarks on the most unpredictable national elections since the end of military rule, the Dialogue’s focus on public policy highlighted likely areas of policy continuity and innovation.

A highlight of the Lemann Dialogue was the announcement made by the Lemann Foundation of the creation of the Werner Baer Distinguished Service Award in the field of Brazilian Economy. The award, developed in partnership between the Lemann Foundation, the Lemann Institute at Illinois, and Brazil’s National Association of Graduate Centers in Economics (ANPEC), recognizes distinction in the career of research and mentoring by a scholar of economics in Brazil. The first recipient of the Baer Distinguished Service Award will be named in the fall of 2018. The awardee will be invited to the campus of the University of Illinois to conduct research and to lecture, and will participate in the Lemann Dialogue. The naming of this award honors the singular contributions made by Werner Baer to the field of study of Brazil’s economy, both in Brazil and globally.

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Lemann Dialogue Schedule Thursday, November 16 Keynote Address: Education as the Vector of the ‘Turning Point’: Why and How Cristovam Buarque, Brazilian Senate Entrepreneurship •

Juliano Seabra, Director General, Endeavor Brasil

Albert Fishlow, Columbia University

• • •

Madhu Viswanathan, University of Illinois Noam Wasserman USC Marshall School

Moderator & Discussant: Thomas Trebat, Columbia University

Education: The State of Education and Inequality •

Camila Pereira, Project Director in Education, Fundação Lemann

David Plank, Stanford University

• • • •

José Clodoveu de Arruda, Visiting Professional Fellow, Columbia University Vera Cabral, Columbia Teacher’s College Paulo Blikstein, Stanford University

Moderator & Discussant: Chris Span, University of Illinois

Public Health •

Nísia Trinidade Lima, President, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz)

Kia Caldwell, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

• • •

Guilherme Franco Netto, Coordinator for Environment and Health, Fiocruz

Leticia Marteleto, University of Texas at Austin

Moderator & Discussant: Jerry Dávila, University of Illinois

Reception & Book Launch • •

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E agora Werner?… – Cristovam Buarque

Brazil’s Economy: An Institutional and Sectoral Approach – Werner Baer, Jerry Dávila, André Modenesi, Maria da Graça Fonseca and Jaques Kerstenetzky, eds.

Friday, November 17 The Brazilian Public Sector •

Martin Carnoy, Director, Lemann Center, Stanford University

Juliana Mozachi, Director, University of the Central Bank of Brazil

• • •

Francisco Gaetani, Director, National School for Public Administration

Claudio Beato, Federal University of Minas Gerais

Moderator & Discussant: John Karam, University of Illinois

Turning Points in Brazilian Politics • • • • •

Fran Hagopian, Faculty Co-Chair, Brazil Studies Program, David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, Harvard University Gisela Sin, University of Illinois

Ben Ross Schneider, Massachussetts Institute of Technology

Alessandro Molon, Federal Deputy for Rio de Janeiro Moderator & Discussant: Gustavo Azenha, Columbia University

The Brazilian Economy •

Alexandre Tombini, International Monetary Fund

Moderator & Discussant: Mary Arends-Kuenning, University of Illinois

• •

Ed Amann, Leiden University

Carlos Azzoni, University of São Paulo

Turning Points •

Jerry Dávila, University of Ilinois

Martin Carnoy, Stanford University

• • •

Fran Hagopian, Harvard University

Gustavo Azenha, Columbia University

Camila Cardoso Pereira, Lemann Foundation

Closing Remarks – Jorge Paulo Lemann


Elis Artz, Jorge Paulo Lemann, Jerry Dรกvila

Fran Hagopian, Gisela Sin, Alessandro Molon & Ben Ross Schneider

Cristovam Buarque

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Lemann Dialogue

Alessandro Molon

JosĂŠ Clodoveu de Arruda Students listening to live translation

Camila Cardoso Pereira

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Mary Arends-Kuenning, Alexandre Tombini & Carlos Azzoni

Fran Hagopian John Tofik Karam and Raquel Goebel

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Brazil Leadership Training Program by John Tofik Karam, Associate Director

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n 2017, the Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies at Illinois and the Lemann Foundation in São Paulo partnered in a program to bring advanced training to civil servants in the economic and financial sectors of the Brazilian federal government. The program builds on the long-standing program through which the Lemann Institute provides scholarships for staff of the Central Bank of Brazil to pursue studies in the Masters of Science in Policy Economics program at Illinois. Recognizing the capacity for deepening expertise within the Brazilian civil service at Illinois, the Lemann Institute started to expand this program of study to include graduate programs in Accountancy, Finance, and Law. The Lemann Foundation began funding scholarships for a larger cohort of Brazilian civil servants from the Central Bank of Brazil as well as the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Budget and Planning to study in these programs at Illinois. The expansion of the Lemann Institute’s Brazil Leadership Program is now reaching a broader cohort of civil servants engaged in economic and financial policy in Brazil. In the fall of 2017, the Lemann Institute hosted meetings

Fundação Lemann

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between representatives from Brazilian civil service schools and staff at Illinois. This first face-to-face meeting among partners enabled Brazilian civil service school representatives to clarify questions about respective programs at Illinois, and Illinois faculty and staff to learn about civil service in Brasília to better accommodate students. Partners dialogued about the managerial and consulting experiences that civil servants bring to the Illinois classroom as well as the solid technical skills that civil servants gain to better interact with stakeholders in economic and financial planning in Brazil. The partners are focusing on the training of junior mid-career staff whose advanced studies prepare them for responsibilities of greater complexity. Subsequently participating in the Lemann Dialogue, hosted by the Lemann Institute, Brazilian civil service school officials had the unique opportunity to dialogue among one another and with other Brazilian governmental and intellectual authorities at Illinois. With the first cohort enrolling in 2018, the Lemann Institute, the Lemann Foundation, and Brazilian civil service schools strategized ways to increase and diversify the pool of applicants and began laying the groundwork for the expansion of the program. The mutual goal is to not only increase the number of applicants, but to also diversify the profile of applicants in terms of class, gender, race, and other forms of difference. Partnering with the Lemann Foundation and Brazilian civil service schools, the Institute is contributing to the training of future leaders in the Brazilian government’s School of Government Finance Administration of the Ministry of Finance (known by its acronym in Portuguese, ESAF), the National School of Public Administration of the Ministry of Planning (ENAP), and the University of the Central Bank (UniBC) ESAF was created in 1973 with the purpose of improving the technical training of federal and state civil servants involved in budgeting and public finance management and evaluating federal government employees, as well as offering continuing and/or higher education opportunities. To achieve


such goals, ESAF is encouraged to promote partnerships with different schools and government institutions, both nationally and internationally. These partnerships enrich educational programs and provide more technical resources for ESAF’s academic programming. ESAF focuses on economic policies, social security, taxation, government finance, government accounting, cost systems and financial law. Within this context, the partnership with the Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies at University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign is a logical step for ESAF, as it offers educational opportunities in many of ESAF’s areas of interest, including economics, law, accounting, administration, statistics, and agricultural and consumer economics. This partnership will enable a collective educational program at the highest level of excellence that will significantly benefit the Ministry of Finance and State Secretariats of Finance, as it already does with the Central Bank of Brazil. ENAP was established in 1986 as a school of government whose main duties include training and ongoing development of civil servants in line with the National Personnel Development Policy (PNDP). For over 30 years, ENAP has offered public management and public policy programs, focusing on technical and management development, on-site training, e-learning courses, career improvement, knowledge exchange, research, as well as fostering innovation in the public sector. ENAP seeks to transform the knowledge base of public administrators in Brazil in order to foster high quality public services and evidence-based, resultsoriented public policies. The partnership with the University of Illinois and the Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies relates to its institutional strategy to internationalize its programming. Scholarships for master’s degree programs in areas like Accountancy, Finance, and Law provide an excellent opportunity for all civil servants to strengthen their contributions to public administration in Brazil.

UniBC was inaugurated in 2004, incorporating and drawing upon longerstanding programs in capacity-building since the creation of the Central Bank of Brazil (BCB) in 1964. With the primary mission to manage the advanced training and knowledge base in the key monetary institution of the country, UniBC partners with a wide range of domestic and international institutions. In 2011, it signed a memorandum of understanding with Illinois for its staff to study in the aforementioned Masters of Science in Policy Economics (MSPE) program. Through the MSPE, the bank’s employees cultivated solid technical skills in order to advance their career paths at BCB, expand into other areas of economic policy, and pursue new managerial and consulting roles. Through the partnership between the Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies at Illinois and the Lemann Foundation in São Paulo, BCB staff can now pursue advanced studies in Accountancy, Finance, and Law as well.

ESAF

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Lemann Distinguished Visiting Scholar

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he Lemann Institute welcomed Nadya Araujo Guimarães as Distinguished Visiting Professor for Spring 2018. She taught SOCW 380/561 – “Gender, Race and Employment Inequality in Brazil,” in the School of Social Work.

The course examined scholarship on the intersection of race and gender in the Brazilian labor market, using as its point of departure the premise that an intersectional approach enriches labor market research and theorization of economic inequalities. The course was open to interested students from all departments.

Nadya Guimarães holds the Chair in Sociology of Work at the University of São Paulo. Since 1995 she is a CNPq Senior Researcher associated to CEBRAP (Brazilian Center for Analysis and Planning), and in 2016 was inducted into the Brazilian Academy of Sciences.

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She also holds the positions of Associate Researcher at the Institute for Employment Research, University of Warwick, in the UK, and is a Board Member of the International and

Interdisciplinary Network on “Marché du Travail et Genre” (“Labor Market and Gender”), CNRS/France.

Nadya Guimarães received her Ph.D. at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (1983) and did post-doctoral studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Special Program on Urban and Regional Studies for Developing Areas (1993-1994). She has been researching on Brazilian the labor market focusing on: economic change and workers trajectories; gender/race inequalities; comparative studies on unemployment, employment flexibility and labor market intermediaries; care and care workers. In 2010, she received the Jabutí Prize – Brazil’s premier book award – for Trabalho flexível, empregos precários? Uma comparação Brasil, França, Japão (“Flexible work, precarious jobs? Brazil, France, Japan in comparative perspective”), co-edited with Helena Hirata and Kurumi Sugita.


Abdias do Nascimento Academic Development Program Marina Reis 2017 CAPES Abdias do Nascimento Fellow Law Student at PUC-Rio

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was received by the Lemann Institute in Fall 2017 for a semester of study as one of three students awarded fellowships from the Abdias do Nascimento Academic Development Program, a program sponsored by CAPES, which funds a consortium between PUC-Rio and the Lemann Institute.

The Nascimento Fellowship is an undergraduate scholarship program directed toward providing student exchange study opportunities for academic enrichment, and shaped by the struggle for racial equality that is reflected in the program’s name. Honoring Abdias do Nascimento, renown Brazilian activist, the program is significant in the manner in which it runs against the historical currents that have kept AfroBrazilian people outside of educational opportunities. The fellowship was conceived to play two roles: first, it is an affirmative action program that increases the opportunity for black students to study abroad. Second it allows students to pursue research on study of race relations, exploring, for example experiences with affirmative action in reshaping American higher education.

I took three courses in different departments. “Black America, 1619-Present,” taught by Prof. Sundiata ChaJua, intended to discuss the African American experience from a sociohistorical perspective. During the lectures, I reflected on the importance of placing the study of race relations in the perspective of an African diaspora. The processes of racial construction in the US and Brazil are very different, which became evident throughout the course. However, the way that oppression operates -- both during and after slavery -- and the effects of racism are very similar, especially when we reflect about colorblindness in both societies.

The course “Introduction to Latin America,” taught by Prof. Marc Hertzman had both an academic and a personal dimension for me. I was able to reflect on my identity as a Latina woman. I was also surprised to realize how much, we, as Brazilians, are disconnected from the other Latin America countries, and how that distance shapes our experiences. In “History Now!”, taught by Profs. Jessica Greenberg and Mark Steinberg, we carried out an unusual exercise: analyzing history in reverse. This approach made historical continuities clearer -- the phrase “history always repeats itself” has never made more sense. The debates were interesting and constructive since they had both a historical and anthropological approach. I return to Brazil enriched by my studies and by the interactions that I had, and I am very grateful to the people who received me and made my stay possible. I hope to return soon!

Lemann Chair in History Notes

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n this past year, two publications by Jerry Dávila were released: a co-edited volume begun in collaboration with Werner Baer, Brazil’s Economy: An Institutional and Sectoral Approach, (Routledge, 2017), and the 11th edition of the world history textbook A History of World Societies (Bedford/St. Martins, 2017). Currently Dávila is writing a book exploring historical experiences with racial and ethnic discrimination in Brazil, with a focus on communities of African and Asian descent. This year Dávila was invited to present on this research at the Federal University of São João d’el Rei, the Federal University of Minas Gerais, the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio, the University of Toronto, and the Freie Universität in Berlin.

Students in the graduate program in History specializing on Brazil have had a very productive year: Among advanced students, Marília Corrêa and John Marquez are completing dissertation drafts as they step into the classroom: Marquez taught Brazilian Cinema in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese in the spring, while Corrêa is teaching the survey course Modern Latin American History this fall. Thais Sant’Ana has returned from conducting dissertation research in Brazil for a multi-sited project on the social history of Manaus, conducting archival work in Amazonas, Ceará, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. Cassandra Osei is writing her qualifying exams while finalizing her dissertation research proposal on Afro-Brazilian Women’s economic and political activity in the mid-twentieth century.

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Lemann Lecture Series Every year the Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies invites a number of distinguished scholars, faculty and graduate students from around the world to present lectures on the foremost issues regarding Brazil’s economy, society, and culture.

Fall 2017 September 5th Vladimir Safatle, Philosophy, Universidade de São Paulo The Collapse of the Brazilian New Republic This talk discussed the collapse of the post-dictatorship historical era in Brazil. To understand the present Brazilian situation it is crucial to take into account how Brazil tried to deal with the challenges of a post-dictatorship era. This talk examined the Brazilian model of conciliatory policies and its failure by trying to articulate this analysis with the renewal of populist strategies (in Ernesto Laclau’s meaning of the word) in contemporary Latin America. September 12th

Liv Sovik, Communication, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Rap and the Brazilian Pop Music Tradition Brazilian popular music, perhaps more than many music traditions, has long been a flagship for nationality. Controversies have formed Liv Sovik around foreign influence on commodified popular music forms, the relationship between those forms and “the people”, and music as a business enterprise. Rap, when it emerged on the Brazilian mainstream scene in the late 1990s, was seen as an adaptation of foreign cultural forms. This presentation argued that it has become part of the Brazilian popular music tradition and discusses how that happened and what changes it brought to that tradition. September 26th

Benito Schmidt, History, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Crossing Frontiers and Making the Revolution: Transnational Experiences of a Brazilian Revolutionary Militant (1960s and 1970s)

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Benito Schmidt This presentation analyzed the transnational experiences of the Brazilian revolutionary militant Flávio Koutzii, born in 1943, who participated in the armed struggle against national security dictatorships in Brazil and Argentina in the 1960s and 1970s. The focus was on how he experienced his travels through Brazil, France, Chile, and Argentina, and how this crossing of frontiers influenced his activity and worldview. October 3rd Ryan Shosted, Linguistics, University of Illinois Vowel Lenition in Brazilian Portuguese: Ultrasound Evidence The disappearance of vowels in word-final position is a well-studied phonological process in Brazilian Portuguese. In this paper, an automated process was used to register large-magnitude deformations in the horizontal and vertical dimensions of sagittal ultrasound images of the tongue. Resulting lingual velocity functions are consistent with the hypothesis that vowels are not entirely deleted when they devoice; instead, they overlap with the preceding consonant. Evidence also suggests that extreme reduction is triggered by increasing speech rate.


Wednesday, November 1st Juan Filipe Stacul, Languages, Instituto Federal de Goiás Tarsila do Amaral and the Brazilian Counterculture This lecture investigated the influences of the Brazilian artist Tarsila do Amaral for the Brazilian counterculture movements of the 1960s and1970s. It analyzed the concept of anthropophagy, developed by Tarsila and her contemporaries, in the production of Brazilian artists from different areas, such as Chico Buarque, Ney Matogrosso, Hélio Oiticica and Rubem Fonseca. For this, it compared some paintings by Tarsila with fragments of later works from Brazilian cultural scene, in addition to showing the impact of the painter’s work on contemporary Brazilian cultural imagery.

a frequent refuge for escaped slaves. In the first decades of the 20th century, these same forests offered space where former slaves could rebuild their lives. This was the case until plantation capital breached the region in the 1950s at the hands of one of Brazil’s most infamous capitalists, Norberto Odebrecht. By the end of the 20th century, the forests that remained in the region provided cover for landless families seeking land for themselves apart from the plantations. Across these historical periods, the forests that persisted at the margins of southern Bahia’s plantation economies provided refuge for people seeking to rebuild their lives.

Spring 2018

December 5th

Jonathan DeVore, Anthropology, University of Michigan Forest as a Sublime Power: Reconsidering the Non-Human in Brazilian Struggles for Recognition Drawing on multigenerational research with land rights movements in southern Bahia’s cacao zone, this talk reconsidered the Hegelian “struggle for recognition” by drawing attention to a third, but often misrecognized, nonhuman party to such struggles. . The northern margins of Bahia’s cacao zone are characterized by dense tropical forest, steep hills, and heavy rainfall. Throughout the 19th and earlier centuries, these aspects of the region’s geography made it

João Felipe Sauerbronn January 23rd João Felipe Sauerbronn, Marketing, Universidade do Grande Rio Consumer Culture Studies - Caipirinha as Markeplace Icon

Jonathan DeVore

This lecture briefly addressed the development of the field of consumer culture studies in Brazil, looks back to the Brazilian tradition on the study of food and drinks, and presents Caipirinha as a Marketplace Icon. Caipirinha is one of the most recognizable Brazilian products and has been consumed not only in Brazil, but also all around the world. It is omnipresent in any bar or restaurant in Brazil and is commonly the first contact a foreigner has with Brazilian gastronomy.

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Lemann Lecture Series Every year the Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies invites a number of distinguished scholars, faculty and graduate students from around the world to present lectures on the foremost issues regarding Brazil’s economy, society, and culture. engagement in the labor market, the sharp decline of fertility rate and the long-lasting weight of domestic employment, only recently regulated. February 20th

Zeuler Lima, School of Design and Visual Arts, Washington University On Writing [about] Lina Bo Bardi

Nadya Araujo Guimarães February 6th Nadya Araujo Guimarães, Lemann Distinguished Visting Scholar, University of Illinois Home and Market, Love and Work, Nature and Profession: Controversies Regarding Care Work and Lessons from the Brazilian Case All over the world societies are experiencing a strong rise in the number of elderly people and consequently in the impact of these aging populations. This aging process generates new demands and is reconfiguring traditional care activities. At the same time women’s work is becoming heavily commoditized, and the household is becoming a care service space. This service is no longer based upon the unpaid compulsory labor of a stay-at-home mom; instead, it is a service in which diverse characters converge, the main ones of which are the “maid” and the “caregiver”.

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This presentation developed two main points. First, it argued that care work is a rich domain to review recent debates regarding the process of commodification of goods and services. Second, it stressed how the controversies surrounding the moral dimension of care work can be of relevant to scholars studying other markets. Illustrations showed Brazil as a provocative case that queries superficial interpretations given the impressive growth of women

Italian-born Brazilian architect Lina Bo Bardi (1914-1992) participated in the efforts to reshape Italian culture in her youth, immigrated to Brazil with her husband in 1946, and continued her quest in her adopted country. She was a multifaceted designer and public intellectual and produced work that was remarkably prolific and intriguingly idiosyncratic. This lecture presented her work and life from the research and writing perspective of her biographer, author of the acclaimed book “Lina Bo Bardi” (Yale University Press, 2013). March 6th

Rosana Ribeiro Tarifa Substance Use Among Brazilian Emerging Adults Emerging Adult (EA) is a term used to describe the population aged between 18 and 29. This term refers Rosana Ribero to a developmental theory purposed Tarifa by Arnett (2000) suggesting that EA is a time of 1) heightened identity exploration, 2) increased self-focus due to fewer familial and occupational demands, 3) feeling in-between adolescence and full adulthood, 4) instability in terms of multiple housing, relationship and job changes while establishing oneself, and 5) high optimism about future possibilities. Arnett (2005) subsequently proposed that most of these dimensions of EA would be positively associated with substance use. March 27th

Antônio Sérgio Alfredo Guimarães, Sociology, Universidade de São Paulo Defining Who is Black: Color and Race in Brazilian Public Policies


The focus of this lecture was the shift in racial definition of blacks and browns, from self-attribution to alter-attribution, which is underway in Brazil as a result of the judgment of the Federal Supreme Court validating racial quotas. State recognition of the negro category (encompassing Blacks and Browns) as subject of current racial discrimination and as a population meriting affirmative action policies has been accompanied by the mandate for verification commissions to examine and eventually decide the truthfulness of race/ color self-declaration. How are decisions made by those commissions based on the different logics of race and color construction? How the disputes over their decisions create tension between the old alliance of all people of color for affirmative action and the process of racial formation in general? April 10th

Gilberto Hochman, History of Sciences and Health, Fiocruz Locating the Cold War: The Rockefeller Foundation, Science and Medicine in Brazil (1945-1964) The presentation explored the routine activities of Rockefeller (RF) officials in Rio, who were immersed in the local, national, and global dimensions of the Cold War in the fields of science and medicine. At the office in Rio de Janeiro, RF officials faced major challenges managing funds and scholarships for the scientific and medical community and implementing guidelines from the New York headquarters.

The RF was pressured from the investigations then underway in Washington, DC into possible funding of communists and anti-American activities by philanthropic foundations conducted by the Cox-Reece Committee (Select Committee to Investigate Tax-Exempt Foundations and Comparable Organizations, 1952-53). April 17th

Damani Phillips, Jazz Studies and African-American Studies, University of Iowa South American Soul: Melding African-American and Brazilian Influences on “Cannonball’s Bossa Nova” Through discussion of selections from the album Cannonball’s Bossa Nova (including audio examples), this presentation explored both the challenges and successes evidenced in this unconventional (yet highly effective) melding of AfricanAmerican and Brazilian musical approaches. Among the concepts explored will be the ways in which Brazilian musical traditions of Bossa and Samba are preserved/contradicted on the recording, and the ways in which this recording challenges the American “standard” of Bossa established by Gilberto and Getz in 1964. May 1st

Dain Borges, History, University of Chicago Psychical Science in Republican Brazil: Telepathy, Spiritism, and Candomblé Between 1880 and 1910, a handful of prominent Brazilian intellectuals attempted scientific study of extraordinary phenomena such as telepathy, premonitions, and communication with invisible spirits. Raimundo Nina Rodrigues, seeking to explain away the spirit possession of Bahian candomblé, founded the field of Afro-Brazilian anthropology. The other psychical researchers are forgotten today. The most persistent of them, professor Alfred Alexander, followed the British Society for Psychical Research, looking for subliminal powers of the mind. The research and these researchers became entangled with the legitimacy crisis of transition from Empire to Republic, 1880-1898, and with the growth of new-age religions based in Kardecist Spiritism.

Gilberto Hochman

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Lemann Institute Grant Programs The Lemann Institute Grant programs have as the main objective the support of research proposals on Brazilian topics that involve UIUC faculty members.. These Grants are for one year and up to $20,000.

Faculty Research Grant Order in Chaos: Political parties and preferencial PR systems in Brazil Gisela Sin, Professor, Department of Political Science

This project aims to show that even in its most extreme form, as in Brazil, the Open List Proportional Representation electoral system (OLPR) does not necessarily imply high levels of intra-party competition. Electoral campaigns will be personalized since candidates need to attract votes for themselves. But this does not mean that candidates from the same list will be competing with one another and that, as a consequence, competition will degenerate into a war of all against all, with the ultimate obliteration of political parties. These findings have implications for the kinds of linkages politicians and voters establish in such systems, for thebehavior of politicians once they are elected, and for the role of electoral institutions on the nature of public policies.

Collaborative Research Grant Literacies and Languages in Teacher Education - Stage 2 Principal Investigators:

Bill Cope, Professor, Department of Education Policy, Organization & Leadership Walkyria Monte Mor, Associate Professor, Universidade de São Paulo

This project between UIUC and USP seeks to investigate the affordances of a ubitiquous learning platform to upgrade public school English teachers’ skills in Brazil.

The objective of the project is to explore the affordances of a ubiquitous learning platform to upgrade public school English teachers’ skills in Brazil. Our goals are threefold: Firstly, we want to extend the use to 6 universities in 6 states of Brazil of an online learning module that we created in 2017-8 in which we address points related to English teaching, “Multiliteracies,”multimodality and the use of new technologies in education. This learning module is available in the ubiquitous platform: Scholar. Secondly, we want teachers to produce knowledge, experience active learning and benefit from giving and receiving peer feedback in Scholar in an attempt to break the paradigm that learning is necessarily vertically hierarchical and dependent on the physical walls of a learning institution. Thirdly, we want teachers to use what they learn in our module to propose an intervention in their schools and then share this intervention and its results in Scholar. We plan to gather data via: a) asking participant teachers to fill in surveys before and after they do the learning module, b) assessing their participation during the development of the module, c) assessing the quality of their interventions, and d) assessing their students’ learning experiences during the interventions promoted by their teachers.

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Illinois/FAPESP Collaborative Grant Program The São Paulo Research Foundation, FAPESP, and the University of Illinois fund collaborative research projects. The award provides up to $10,000 per year for two years, with similar funding from FAPESP for the São Paulo collaborators.

Neuroimage Brain Changes Following Tinnitus Treatment Fatima Husain, Deptartment of Speech and Hearing Science and The Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Jeanne Oiticica Ramalho Ferraz, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paolo

The main goal of this project is to advance the study of the neural mechanisms of tinnitus and hearing loss using brain imaging called positron emission tomography (PET). This collaborative project on understanding the impact of amplification as a therapy for tinnitus and hearing loss will continue with two specific projects: (1) A follow-up study on the existing amplification project to better understand the effect of amplification in reducing tinnitusrelated handicap in the long-term and (2) to initiate a new study on the effect of amplification in a subgroup of those with hearing loss but without tinnitus. Both these studies will continue to use PET to have both brain imaging and behavioral measures.

The Effects of Environmental Chemical Exposures on Reproduction

Developing Faculty and Student Collaboration for Design and Control of Ventilation in Swine Facilities

Jodi Anne Flaws, Professor and Interim Head Department of Comparative Biosciences

Richard Gates, Agricultural and Biological Engineering

This project will examine the effects of prenatal exposure to a group of endocrine disrupting chemicals called phthalates on the male and female reproductive organs. The hypothesis for the proposed study is that prenatal exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of phthalates adversely impacts the development and function of the prostate in male offspring and the ovaries in female offspring. Further, the hypothesis is that the observed effects of prenatal exposure to phthalates are multigenerational in nature.

Ventilation systems for animal production are a key factor for optimal animal productivity and labor health. Ventilation performance prediction, for both design and facility evaluation, can optimize the air exchange for animal buildings and improve animal welfare, production and economic efficiency. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a powerful tool for ventilation performance prediction. This proposal aims to expand the collaboration of graduate students and professors of UNICAMP from the Department of Agricultural Engineering, and students and professors of the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, through the development and validation of CFD models, for modern swine facilities.

Wellerson Rodrigo Scarano, Department of Bioscienses, Universidade Estadual Paulista

Daniella Jorge de Moura, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

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Lemann Institute Graduate Fellows Michael Stablein, Agricultural and Biological Engineering Simultaneous Wastewater Treatment and Generation of Valuable Biomass via Microalgal Biotechnology: A Prospect for Brazil In Brazil, algal systems have shown great potential in remediating wastewater and simultaneously producing a wealth of renewable resources, such as food, fuel, pharmaceuticals, among others. Through the Environment Enhancing Energy (E2E) Paradigm, our international team couples this emerging biotechnology and a pyrolyticprocess, Hydrothermal Liquefaction (HTL), to recover value from wet organic waste, often produced in agriculture.

Luis Gonzalo Pinilla Gomez, Art History Conceptualism and Print Media: Brazilian Art Contribution to a Local Artistic Identity in Latin America

This research examines collective artistic practices that incorporate the print media language [Arte Gráfica or Gravura] in Brazilian art during the highly turbulent political period of the 1960s and 1970s. I will explore the ethical and political art projects that Brazilian artists Hélio Oiticica, Antonio Manuel, and Cildo Meirelles working in collective art practices pursued through the print media language.

Marília Corrêa, History Unusual Suspects: Persecuted Soldiers under Military Rule in Brazil, 1964 - 1985 This research studies Brazil’s military dictatorship (1964 - 1985) focusing on the trajectories of military personnel who were expelled from the armed forces and persecuted during this cycle of state authoritarianism. It builds from previous academic works, while also redirecting attention to the reach of the military dictatorship into sectors of Brazilian society often thought to have been shielded from it, especially the armed forces.

Cassandra Abena Osei, History Patterns in Afro-Brazilian Women’s Economic Mobility/Immobility in Brazil’s Labor Market, 1968 1995

This research studies Afro-Brazilian women’s economic mobility and immobility in Brazil’s labor market during the second half of the twentieth century. Represented in the bottom levels of the labor market, how did Afro-Brazilian women navigate rapid industrialization and sector expansion in the 1970s and economic decline and crisis in the 1980s? I situate my study in Belo Horizonte and Porto Alegre and employ archival records to map the confluence of circumstances Afro-Brazilian women navigated.

Amanda K. Rector, Spanish & Portuguese Citizenship and Belonging in the in-between: Portuguese Migration to Brazil, 1830 – 1914

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This project analyzes the notions of belonging and citizenship that emerge in primary works concerning Portuguese immigration to Brazil (1830 - 1914). It examines how Brazilians viewed, constructed, and defined Portuguese migrants and their roles in society. It also considers how Portuguese negotiated belonging, and how they perceived themselves and their role as citizens.


Werner Baer Doctoral Fellows

Thaís R. S. de Sant’Ana, History

Migrants and the Brazilian Boom City: Manaus from 1892-1940 This study looks at the social experiences of internal migrants in Manaus from 1892-1940 as a key part to understanding the processes that helped transform the capital of Amazonas into the urban center of the Amazon. How is a city at the heart of a commodity boom in Brazil’s geographic and economic periphery lived in and developed by its inhabitants through time? What are the roles that internal migrants’ everyday experiences play in shaping such a city?

Luke Plutowski Political Science

Attitudes Toward Clientelism in Brazil How do voters incorporate information about clientelisim when making an electoral choice? Do citizens believe clientelism to be a corruption of democratic institutions and therefore reject clientelist candidates when they have the opportunity, or do they see it as a harmless or even constructive way for politicians to mobilize their constituents?

Gustavo da Silva Cortes Gonçalves Economics Credit Shock Propagation in Firm Networks: Evidence from Brazil

Was the 2008-10 financial crisis transmitted to the Brazilian banking system? Did the governmentowned banks contribute to mitigate the negative effects of the crisis?

Created in memory of Werner Baer, renown economist of Brazilian development who taught at the University of Illinois, thanks to gifts from the family of Professor Baer’s sister, Marianne Kilby, and from Jorge Paulo Lemann, the Werner Baer Fellowship supports social scientific doctoral work on Brazil. The Werner Baer Fellowship provides support for incoming Brazilian doctoral students whose studies engage Brazil in the social sciences, and for doctoral students of any nationality and from any academic department conducting social scientific dissertation research on Brazil.

Thiago M. Adames Economics Incoming Doctoral Student in the Department of Economics, 2018.

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Faculty Reports on Collaborative and Research Grants Natural Biocides and Heat Treatment on Brazilian Tropical Woods: Changes in Crystallinity After Fungal Decay Cecilia Leal, Department of Materials Science and Engineering Co‐Principal Investigators:

Débora Gonçalves, Instituto de Física de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo; Mauro R. Sardela, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratories, Illinois

The main goal of this project was to establish a collaborative framework between research groups at UIUC and USP, and investigate a new class of natural and environmentally favorable anti-fungal substances in woods based on chili pepper extracts (capsicum oleoresins). The main challenges were to understand structural and surface properties of Brazilian reforested woods modified with capsicum oleoresins from at least three pepper fruits. Different methodologies were developed in order to produce consistent results for modified woods after fungal decay. The use of pepper extracts as surface preservatives was investigated with the aim of improving durability and surface quality of tropical woods. The wettability of woods was investigated by measuring surface wettability, and for analyzing decayed wood surfaces, X-ray diffraction (XRD) proved to be a suitable technique to investigate changes in composition by examining crystalline cellulose. Our focus of attention was to correlate changes in wettability, mass loss and crystallinity induced on woods after surface modification with capsicum oleoresins, and also, fungal decay. Fungal decayed, untreated woods exhibited the highest percentage of mass loss, evidencing that oleoresins afforded surface protection. Changes in cellulose crystallinity were also noticed after fungal decay owing to distinct contributions from amorphous and crystalline zones of wood. These studies on modified and decay woods are relevant today mainly due to the role of wood as a renewable energy source, and also, aiming at preservation and maintenance of forest plantations.

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Our results were presented at conferences and submitted/ published papers:

Cambios en la mojabilidad en superficies de maderas tratadas térmicamente: angulo de contacto y energía libre superficial, S.N.C. Dos Santos, D. Gonçalves, Maderas. Ciencia y Tecnología, 18, 383-394, 2016. Wettability and surface free energy on heat-treated Pinus sp. and Erisma sp. woods, A.C. Ziglio, S.N.C. Dos Santos, N. Mendes, D. Gonçalves, accepted for publication, Scientia Forestalis, 2017.

Natural preservatives based on chili pepper extracts for Pinus sp.: studies on wettability, mass loss and crystallinity after fungal decay, A.C. Ziglio, M.R. Sardela, D. Gonçalves, submitted, Cellulose, 2017. Meetings (abstracts):

Preservative effect of capsaicin in biodeterioration processes of Eucalyptus sp., I.I. Araujo, A.C. Ziglio, A. C., D. Gonçalves, Simpósio em Ciênciae Engenhariade Materiais, 2016, São Carlos – SP (Brazil). Natural biocides based on peper extracts for protection of wood samples: changes in wettability and crystallinity after fungal decay, A.C. Ziglio, M.R. Sardela, D. Gonçalves, 38a Reunião Anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Química, 2015, Águas de Lindóia - SP (Brazil). Pepper extracts as natural preservatives for Pinus sp.: changes in wettability, surface free energy and cellulose crystallinity after fungal decay, A.C. Ziglio, M.R. Sardela, D. Gonçalves, Encontro da Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa em Materiais, SBPMat (submitted, 2017), Gramado – RS (Brazil). Oral presentations

Natural biocides based on peper extracts for protection of wood samples: changes in wettability and crystallinity after fungal decay, D. Gonçalves, 38a Reunião Anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Química, 05/27/2015, Águas de Lindóia - SP (Brazil). Molhabilidade e superfícies superhidrofóbicas, D. Gonçalves, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, 11/23/2016, São Carlos – SP (Brazil). Pepper extracts as natural biocides on wood degradation processes, M. Sardela, Lemann Institute, University of Illinois, 10/25/2016, Urbana, IL (USA).


Amazonian Geopolymer Performance-Based Specification for Sustainable Construction Mauro R. Sardela, Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratories Co‐Principal Investigators:

Ruy A. Sá Ribeiro, Structural Engineering Laboratory, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia; Waltraud M. Kriven, Materials Science and Engineering, Illinois; Marilene G. Sá Ribeiro, Structural Engineering Laboratory, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia

The objective of this project was to develop a testing program on performance-based specifications for Amazonian geopolymer non-reinforced and bamboo-reinforced composites for use in sustainable construction. The bambooreinforced geopolymer composites are intended to replace conventional cements and concretes. This project used bamboo cultivated in the Amazon region and metakaolin attained from calcined Amazonian kaolin. While fly ash-based geopolymers are now an established technology, metakaolinbased cements and concretes still need to be developed and optimized based on knowledge of the specific characteristics and properties of local resources. As part of this collaborative research, bamboo particles and fibers were produced at INPA and taken for tests to UIUC. In addition, kaolin was brought from the Amazon, and calcined into metakaolin at INPA/LTEE and UIUC laboratories by Drs. R. Sá Ribeiro and M. Sá Ribeiro. The performance specifications included drying shrinkage (length change), compressive strength-elastic modulus, and exposure to sulfuric and hydrochloric acid. The tests were carried out, starting in the Fall of 2017 and more extensive publications by Drs. Sardela, R. Sá Ribeiro, Kriven, and M. Sá Ribeiro are being planned soon.

The preliminary results of this project were presented on January 25, 2018 at the 42nd International Conference and Exposition on Advanced Ceramics and Composites in Daytona Beach, Florida (Sá Ribeiro et al. 2018).

The Genetics of a Plant Disease and Pests Important to Brazil and the US Steve Clough, US Department of Agriculture Research Service Co‐Principal Investigators:

Fernando Juliatti, Universidade de Uberlândia, Brazil

The Lemann Foundation provided support for a ‘Genome Analysis of Plants’ workshop in Brazil about sequence analysis, as well as support for actual genome sequencing. The funding allowed two graduate students, Wei Wei and Xing Wu, from the Clough lab to travel to the Universidade Federal de Uberlandia (UFU), Brazil to conduct a three-day, hands-on workshop, together with professor Clough (USDA and University of Illinois), to explain Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS), Genome Sequencing Technologies, and RNA Sequencing Technologies. For the scientific research proposed in this project, we ran into some challenges and needed to modify our approaches. We proposed to characterize proteins secreted from the plant pathogen Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. However, the student at UFU who was working on the project had family economic issues, and she left graduate school to take a job and help her family. Additionally, we proposed to attempt to sequence the soybean insect pest, the red-banded stink bug. However, as we worked on getting insects and developing strategies, we learned that we needed an ‘inbred’ population so as to maximize homozygosity, and we were unable to obtain such a population. Therefore, we decided to sequence soybean genomes that are currently under active research in Brazil and the US due to their partial resistance to stink bugs or Sclerotinia. Additionally, because the price of sequencing decreased with the release of the new NovaSeq from Illumina, we could afford to conduct whole genome sequencing of two genotypes. Dr. Tâmara Prado de Morais of UFU came to Illinois and learned from Wei Wei’s guidance, how to isolate high molecular weight DNA, and she obtained excellent DNA from the publicly available Brazilian varieties IAC-100 (stink bug and Sclerotinia partial resistance) and Emgopa 316 (Sclerotinia resistance). The samples were submitted for sequencing in April, passed all the quality control tests of the sequencing center, and are currently on the NovaSeq sequencing machine. We should obtain nearly 1 billion 150 nucleotide reads per sample.

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Faculty Reports on Collaborative and Research Grants Engaging the Community to Examine Substance Use Disorder Treatment Among Adults in a Psychosocial Care Center for Alcohol and Drugs (CAPS-AD) in Brazil Liliane Cambraia Windsor, School of Social Work Co‐Principal Investigator:

Nadja Cristiane Lappan Botti, Universidade Federal of São João del Rei (UFSJ)

I traveled to Divinopolis between May and August of 2016 to form the community collaborative board (CCB), foster new partnerships, learn more about the mental health network in Divinópolis, conduct several methodological trainings, teach a class to nursing students at UFSJ, and develop the research implementation plan in collaboration with my Brazillian partners.

Dr. Botti and I applied Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) principles and concept mapping methodology, a structured mixed-methods approach, to: 1) foster collaboration between researchers, service providers, consumers, and community members, 2) identify the types of treatment approaches being offered, 3) examine the quality of these services from diverse perspectives, and 4) make recommendations for future interventions. The CCB included two service providers, two adults with SUD, a master level student in nursing, and the principal investigators. CCB Formation

The principal investigators reached out to government agencies and SUD service providers and invited them to join the CCB. Once these individuals joined, we presented the project at the CAPs-AD and invited clients and their families to apply. Oncethe process was completed and members were confirmed, the CCB met six times to receive training on research methods, discuss the project details, develop the brainstorming prompt, and review the IRB protocol. Community Brainstorming

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A group of 25 service providers, clients, and family members responded to the following prompt that was developed by the CCB: What services and how should the government offer to people suffering from SUDs? A CCB member facilitated the sessions and another took notes. The CCB also reviewed the Brazilian legislation that defines how SUD treatment must be delivered.

Community Data Sorting and Rating The final statements were entered into the Concept Systems, Inc. software. Each statement was then printed in 3x5 index cards (30 sets of 100 statements, one for each sorting/rating participant) by a CCB member. In the sorting and rating stage, a new group of participants worked independently sorting the statements generated in the brainstorming session into conceptually similar categories. Participants were asked to assign a descriptive title to each pile of statements, based on each pile’s content. Once the sorting was completed, participants rated each statement according to needed each statement is in the SUD treatment delivery using a 6 point Likert- scale. Multidimensional Scaling and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis

CCB members entered the sorting and rating data into the Concept Systems Inc. software and the analyzed the data. Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) was the key analysis employed. It aggregates the data collected in the sorting step into a similarity matrix to create a point map. This map is a pictorial representation of statements’ co-occurrence in a pile. Each point in the map represents a statement. The closer the statements are in the map, the more times they were put together in the same pile by participants and the closer they are conceptually. A sample of 30 individuals was included in this analysis. Hierarchical Cluster Analysis was then used to identify the clusters in the map, thus providing the means by which boundaries were drawn to identify dimensions in the point map.

The concept mapping analysis identified four dimensions that encompass the kind of ideal services which should be provided by CAPS-ADs: 1) Family and society: Describes the role of families and society in recovery from friends and family; 2) service network: Describes recommended activities for the implementation of the service network of drug users; 3) private consultation users: Describes specific activities for the proper care of users and 4) capacity building: Describes the structure of provedores training and professional services. Based on the rankings of sentences, the participants in general rated the capacity building as the most necessary dimension, followed by the service network. Family and society was considered the third most needed dimension followed by service users. The concept map and the statements can now be used by various CAPS-AD to evaluate their services and plan new programming. The CCB is currently preparing a manuscript to disseminate project findings to the scientific community. The CCB will also disseminate the findings to government agencies and CAPs-Ad leadership in Divinopolis.


Mobilizing the Community to Prevent and Control Chronic Diseases: The Dona Francisca Health Study Andiara Schwingel, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health Co‐Principal Investigators: Federal de Pelotas

Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko, Illinois; Hallal, Reichert, Universidade

Researchers led the Dona Francisca Health Study over a three-year period. Funding received from the Lemann Institute supplemented our CAPES/Science Without Borders/ International Researcher (PVE) grant.

The study explored issues related to the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases in Brazil that are driven by its growing older adult population. The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate an innovative strategy for health promotion that build on the existing public health system and partnerships with local stakeholders (e.g. Municipality, Public Health Centers (UBS), faith-based organizations). The current burden of chronic diseases reflects partially a cumulative effect of unhealthy lifestyles, and confronting this trend requires bringing community resources together and changing the systems that touch people’s lives every day, including community and health care settings. The program expands the Brazilian community health worker model by training community health agents to deliver a linguistically and culturally sensitive behavioral change intervention to individuals ages 50 and over.

The intervention studied consists of a behavioral change program addressing physical activity, nutrition and emotional wellbeing (mindfulness techniques) that is adapted from several previously published evidence-based programs, including from the research team. Over a 6 to 9-month period, participants attend a face-to-face meeting to establish lifestyle change goals (plan of action) and six educational workshops that focused on increasing physical activity, improving nutrition and emotional wellbeing. “Spiritual” motivation for behavior change was also promoted, adapting the curriculum from US studies on faith and health. Religious themes and discussions (lives of Saints) were woven throughout the program. Our study focused on a predominantly Roman Catholic population.

We conducted this study in Dona Francisca, a rural city in Rio Grande do Sul State, that served as a community “laboratory”. Eight community health agents were trained by our research team to deliver the program. Community health agents received extensive training and a program manual that included curricula (scripted step-by-step) and guide (key discussion points are outlined) for each program component. The training was partially face-to-face, and partially through videoconferencing. A total of 649 community-dwelling men and women (average age 62.2 ±8.4 years) participated in the study (351 individuals were randomly assigned into intervention group, and 285 to a waiting list control group).

We used the RE-AIM framework to evaluate the intervention programs at three time periods. We used a mixed-methods approach that included health measurements from participants (e.g. health history, BMI, physical activity levels through accelerometers, eating habits through food frequency questionnaire). We also conducted 52 interviews with study participants, community health agents, and various stakeholders to assess their experiences, perceptions, and commitment to the program long-term. Results suggest that our program’s strategy is both effective and feasible in the prevention and control of chronic disease at the community level. The program fills the need for a sustainable intervention that addresses critical health behaviors at the community level while using an existing network of public health employees and organizations. A key advantage of the program is that community health workers already visit older adults in their homes and utilizing their services greatly increases access to the program by older residents. We have already presented our finding at academic conferences (e.g. Gerontological Society of America Annual Meeting, Congresso Ibero-Americano de Epidemiologia e Saúde Pública, Congresso Brasileiro de Atividade Física e Saúde), given several seminars and colloquia, and are currently working on journal publications related to the study.

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Faculty Reports on Collaborative and Research Grants Literacies and Languages in Teacher Education Bill Cope, Education Policy, Organization and Leadership Co‐Principal Investigators:

de São Paulo

Mary Kalantzis, Education Policy, Organization and Leadership, Illinois; Walkyria Monte Mór, Associate Professor, Universidade de São Paulo; Lynn Mario T. Menezes de Souza, Universidade

This has been a one-year collaborative research and development project between The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and the University of São Paulo, with the objective of investigating the affordances of a ubiquitous e-learning platform to upgrade public school English, Spanish, and Portuguese teachers’ skills in Brazil.

The main goal was a collaborative production, trial and evaluation of a learning module addressing fundamental issues in English, Spanish or Portuguese teaching, applying the theories and practices of “Multiliteracies,” addressing the multimodality of contemporary communications and the use of new technologies in education. This learning module was built and delivered in the Scholar platform, developed by researchers at the University of Illinois. The project also had several secondary goals:

To reframe the role of teachers as learning designers, professionals who develop and apply curriculum as pedagogical producers, rather than as conduits for textbook content, to benefit from giving and receiving peer feedback in Scholar, developing a culture of professional interaction and curriculum co-design, so breaking the paradigm that structures and processes of learning are vertically hierarchical. With online peer interaction, such processes are no longer confined by the physical walls of a learning institution. To apply these principles and processes in a school intervention, with evaluation of efficacy.

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The feedback from participants as recorded in a survey was overwhelmingly positive, particularly in the following areas: professional learning in the areas of the theories and practices of Multiliteracies, multimodality and the use of new technologies in education; experience and benefit from giving and receiving peer professional feedback in Scholar; demonstrated success in translating what the teachers have learned in the project into school practices in the form of innovative interventions.

Statute of the City and Urban Inclusion: Study of Formal Planning and Citizens’ Informal Insurgent Practices in Fortaleza, Brazil Faranak Miraftab, Professor, Department of Urban & Regional Planning Co‐Principal Investigators:

Clarissa Freitas, Assistant Professor, Universidade Federal do Ceará; Ken Salo, Department of Urban & Regional Planning, Illinois; Naggila Frota, Universidade Federal do Ceará; Aline Roldan Emilia Silva, Universidade Federal do Ceará

The goal of this grant was to bring Urban Planning researchers, at UIUC and UFC, to study the impact of legal framework that recognizes marginalized residents’ rights to the city in Brazil. The project intended to examine marginalized residents’ strategies to access urban resources under the new democratic planning regime, and how has the new legal framework responded to them. We hypothesized that formal efforts of granting abstract rights is a necessary but not sufficient condition for the positive transformation of the city: Rather than the inclusionary language of formal policies - it is residents’ ability to move across formal (invited) and informal (invented) spaces of dialogue that plays a significant role in explaining positive change in their material living conditions. In June 2017, I visited Forteleza along with Professor Ken Salo. We visited several informal settlements located both in the periphery and the more disputed coastal sites. There, we got a sense of Fortaleza’s regional development and its current pattern of socio-spatial inequalities. We were also able to talk with residents of informal low-income communities about their struggles, their claims and their strategies to improve their living conditions.

At UFC, we attended a workshop where the co-principals presented their current research and community-based activities aiming at strengthening vulnerable residents’ voices on urban decision-making process.

In Spring 2018 Prof. Clarissa Sampaio Freitas visited UIUC to explore options for formalizing a cooperative education agreement and deliver a guest lecture on Insurgent Planning Practices in Peripheral Fortaleza.


Lemann Graduate Fellow Research Reports Is Smaller Better? An Assessment of the Causes and Consequences of Subnational Fragmentation in Brazil Kelly Norell Senters Political Sciences

Research Activities: I completed and defended my dissertation, participated in the International Political Science Association’s Summer Methods School at the University of São Paulo, published an article in Latin American Politics and Society, and accepted a position as a Visiting Assistant Professor at Wesleyan University. Additionally, I have developed two working papers – one on the effects of the Zika health crisis on the female vote share in local Brazilian elections and one on social spending in democratic elections in Latin America – and presented at several conferences. Publications:

“Winners and Losers of the Ballot: A Study of the Effects of Electronic and Traditional Paper Ballot Voting Systems in Brazil.” With Rodrigo Araujo Schneider. Forthcoming 2018. Latin American Politics and Society. “Continuity and Change in Public Attitudes Toward Corruption.” With Matthew Winters and Rebecca WeitzShapiro. Forthcoming 2018. In Barry Ames, ed. Routledge Handbook on Brazilian Politics. New York: Routledge.

“Corruption in Brazil.” With Matthew Winters. Forthcoming 2018. In Barney Warf, ed. Handbook on Geographies of Corruption. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Between Nature and Nation: Manaus and The Making of Modern Brazil Thais R. S. De Sant´Ana History Research Activities:

Since being awarded the Lemann Fellowship for the academic year of 2017-2018, I have reassessed my research questions, framework, and preliminary list of historical sources with the purpose of making the research season in Brazil the most effective and productive possible. I moved to Brazil in the Fall 2017 to conduct extensive field research. Thus far, I have collected a large amount of documents concerning the Amazon region, Manaus and migrant workers in archives, libraries, museums and similar institutions located in Manaus, Belém and Fortaleza. My next destinations are Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. In addition to providing me with the resources to engage with a multitude of data (most of them only available on site), the Lemann Fellowship has allowed me to both assist (as a volunteer) with the conservation treatment and organization of valuable sets of local primary sources, and access a network of local scholars and researchers whose importance cannot be overstated. I have been invited to share my research findings at the University of Amazonas (Manaus) and at the Centro Cultural Tancredo Neves (Belém). I am also developing a paper that provides a comparative analysis of late nineteenth century Manaus and its urban growth in a global context.

Working Papers:

“The Electoral Buzz: Evaluating Gender Stereotypes and the Politics of the Zika Epidemic in Brazil.” With Rodrigo Araujo Schneider. Under Review. “Payouts Before Polls? Democratization, Social Spending, and Elections in Latin America.” With Lorena G. Barberia and George Avelino. “Is Smaller Better? An Assessment of Subnational Fragmentation and Public Primary Education in Brazil”

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Lemann Graduate Fellow Research Reports Performing the Diaspora in Brazil: the Black Experimental Theater and its Search for a Racial Language in midtwentieth Century in Rio de Janeiro Juan Andrés Suárez Ontaneda Spanish & Portuguese

This year has allowed me to write three different chapters (out of four) from my dissertation, to conduct archival research in Rio de Janeiro, and to present my research at the Pontifical Catholic University (PUC) in Rio, and at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul in Porto Alegre. I will also be presenting my work about Abdias do Nascimento’s performance theory at the Brazilian Studies Association (BRASA) conference in Rio de Janeiro (July 2018). Publications, working papers, conference proceedings and presentations:

“Physiognomies of Performance: Abdias do Nascimento and his Theories of Representation.” Brazilian Studies Association (BRASA), Pontifical Catholic University (PUC) in Rio de Janeiro. “As vedetes da favela: música y performance en Das nuvens para abaixo (2015) de Marco Antonio Gonçalves y Eliska Altmann.” Latin American Studies Association (LASA). “The Black Experimental Theater and the Quest for Racial Justice in Brazil.” Presented at the “Martin Luther King Jr. Round-table Discussion: Latin American Social Movements” at Tougaloo College (Jackson, MS).

“Exú Walks Through Rio - The Imaginative Frontiers of Sortilégio (1951) by Abdias do Nascimento.” Brazilian Studies Association. Brown University.

“Tambores en el espacio: Releyendo Sortilegio (1951) de Abdias do Nasciemnto desde el Afrofuturismo” The Eighteenth Annual Hispanic and Lusophone Studies Symposium at Ohio State University (Columbus-OH).

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For the Forest, the Trees, or the People: The Quilombolization of an Amazonian Peasantry John-Ben Soileau Sociocultural Anthropology Research Activities:

During my Lemann Fellowship, I focused on the historical section of my dissertation. Research entailed a critical analysis of the development of Brazil’s land statutes and property laws, including their medieval roots in 14th century Portugal. I analyzed how the ambiguity enshrined in possessory principles of usucaption and adverse possession in land claims initiated a longstanding culture of grilagem (land grabbing), but also created the conditions of possibility for the eventual establishment of Amazonian ethno-territories. The key to understanding this history are the links between the peripheral possession of colonial-era sesmarias (royal land grants) and the series of land statutes from 1822 onwards that converted sesmarias into private property: both systems promoted the “social” function of land, be this for economic or subsistence production. The 1988 Federal Constitution reinforced this notion and mandated that the Brazilian State expropriate rural property that is not performing its “social” function. In the Amazonian context, these agrarian policies melded with multi-cultural and contemporary environmental policies to produce a variety of “ethno-territories.” Quilombos are a major one of these and the state of Pará contains the most federally-titled quilombos in all of Brazil. Publications, working papers, conference proceedings and presentations:

“Quilombos and Loggers in Gurupá, Brazil: A Turning Point in Amazonian Environmental Governance?” Conference: Buen Vivir and Other Post-Development Pathways, UF Center for Latin American Studies 67th Annual Conference. “Amazonian Quilombos in a post-NGO Era of ‘Sustainability.” Guest Speaker Series, 2018. Purdue University,

“For the Forest, the Trees, or the People: the Quilombolization of an Amazonian Peasantry.” Anthropology Graduate Research Symposium.


Conceptualism and Print Media: Brazilian Art Contribution to a Local Artistic Identity in Latin America Luis Gonzalo Pinilla Gomez Art History Research Activities:

This research is about some artistic expressions that deserve more visibility in this great and magnificent scene marking a before and after in the cultural history of Brazil, for instance, print media. It explores the practices, methods, histories, and conceptual approaches of artists in Brazil who redefined the function of the print studio and role of artistic print media. In this analysis, “print media” is understood as an art technique and as a concept defining an artwork that can be reproduced by the act of printing on a surface previously marked with an incision or trace. There is a tendency on the part of prevailing art historical accounts to consider these media as inferior to other artistic media including painting. They limit the artistic function of the print process to an indistinct mechanical image production, and to a strategy of political action. My research dismantles this misunderstanding and situates the role of print media in its rightful place. this research aims to properly assess the impact print media has in establishing artistic oppositional strategies to social conventions, political authority, or established aesthetic values. In the same way, these strategies sought to counter multiple forms of state violence, censorship, and everyday forms of repression taking place in Brazil during authoritarian military rule between 1964 and 1985. The way print media revitalized socially engaged art practices and enriched the language of artists is search of alternative modes of expression is relevant for this analysis. The print media practice opened the way of artistic experimentation and collaboration in the art studio.

Unusual Suspects: Persecuted Soldiers Under Military Rule in Brazil, 1964-1988 Marília Corrêa History

Research Activities:

I passed my preliminary examinations and defended my dissertation proposal in May 2016, and I conducted field research during the academic year of 2016-2017. For my field research, I visited Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Porto Alegre, Recife, Salvador, Curitiba and Belo Horizonte in Brazil, and Washington D.C. and Mexico City outside of Brazil. I collected thousands of documents from governmental archives in Brazil and from the United States Department of State and Mexican foreign relations office. Furthermore, I interviewed thirty-three former servicemen from distinct ranks in the armed forces and one researcher and archivist who worked at the Brazilian National Archives. During the academic year of 2017-2018 I focused on writing my dissertation. I have, thus far, transcribed almost all of the interviews I collected and written a few dissertation chapters. Publications, Working Papers, Conference Proceedings, and Presentations:

In January 2018, I presented a paper in a panel I organized for the Conference on Latin American History. The three papers presented in the panel, titled Implementing Authoritarianism: Overlooked Sectors Under Latin America’s Cold War Regimes, explored the complex relationships between military regimes and professionals in the second half of twentieth-century Latin America, more specifically Brazil and Argentina. My paper, titled “Outcast Officers: Political Persecution in the Brazilian Armed Forces in the Wake of the Military Coup, 1964-1966,” discussed the regime’s attempts to eliminate opposition to the coup during the first years of military rule. I am currently writing an article that draws from this presentation. It discusses the initial wave of persecution of soldiers who opposed the coup, focusing specially on the first resistance movements many expelled servicemen built to challenge the regime.

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Werner Baer Fellow Research Reports Fare-Free Public Transportation for The Elderly in Brazilian Metropolitan Areas Renato Schwambach Vieira Agricultural and Consumer Economics Research Activities:

Throughout the academic year of 2017-2018 I had the opportunity to study as a visiting scholar in different departments of Economics in Brazil. Those included: 1) the University of São Paulo - Ribeirão Preto, 2) the University of São Paulo – Cidade Universitária, and 3) the Fundação Getúlio Vargas at São Paulo. In each of these departments, I presented my project on their seminar series and had the opportunity to interact with faculty and students who had some experience with the topic and datasets used in my project. Moreover, I was also invited to present my work at the “3rd Seminar on Data Analysis for the Public Administration” organized by the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) in Brasília.

This paper was the final chapter of my PhD thesis, and it was defended on May 2018. I am now moving back to Brazil to pursue a career as a researcher in the field of applied economics.

Publications, Working Papers, Conference Proceedings, and Presentations: Seminar at FEA-RP – University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto – August 2017 Seminar at NEREUS – University of São Paulo, Department of Economics – September 2017 3rd Seminar on Data Analysis for the Public Administration TCU, Brasília – October 2017 Seminar at CEPESP – Fundação Getúlio Vargas, São Paulo February 2018

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Guilherme Marques de Amorim Economics Research Activities:

I have mainly been involved with two projects addressing issues related to Brazil, both of which have been developed in partnership with coauthors at “Grupo de Avaliação de Políticas Públicas e Econômicas” (GAPPE). The first project exploits the quasi-experiment induced by daylight saving time policy in Brazil to assess the impact of short-term sleep deprivation as a risk factor for diabetes mellitus, using regression-discontinuity techniques. The second project, a report developed for the Audiovisual Secretary of the Brazilian Ministry of Culture (SAV – MinC), provides a thorough evaluation of the Brazilian market for cinema and audiovisual products and services, drawing assessments on its future performance using estimation techniques such as the BLP method of demand estimation.

Publications, Working Papers, Conference Proceedings, and Presentations: 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association (AEA) - Chicago, IL, USA 38th Meeting of the Brazilian Econometric Society (SBE) Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil

44th National Meeting of Economics (ANPEC) - Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil


The Work/Family Experience in the Informal Labor Market: Evidence from Informally Employed Mothers in Brazil Lenore E. Matthew Social Work Research Activities:

Among the most notable global trends in recent decades is the increase in the number of women in the paid workforce. Curiously, as more women have moved into paid work, there has been no significant shift in how caregiving and household responsibilities are distributed in the home. A growing body of research seeks to understand this work/family experience that working mothers face; however, most research focuses on middleclass working mothers in high-income industrialized countries, often employing quantitative methods to guide the inquiry. Very few studies have explored the work/ family experience in low and middle-income countries; still fewer have focused on low-income or racially diverse working mothers in those countries. Furthermore, very little research from any country context has explored the work/family experience through a qualitative lens. In effort to address these gaps in the literature, this study employs a qualitative approach, phenomenology, to explore the work/family experience as lived by a diverse group of working mothers: low-income mothers employed in the informal economy. Focusing on the city of Salvador, Brazil, in-depth interviews were conducted with 24 low-income, informally-employed mothers in Salvador. Although not an inclusion criteria, all mothers also identified as AfroBrazilian. Giorgi’s descriptive method of phenomenological analysis was used to analyze the data, from which six themes with 21 sub-themes emerged.

The study results suggest that for low-income, informallyemployed, Afro-Brazilian mothers, the work/family experience is a precarious and exhausting one, which demands mothers’ constant effort and offers no breaks or reprieve. With little help at home, these mothers were expected to take on the brunt of both paid and unpaid work, all within a context of extreme economic strain, few gainful opportunities in the labor market, and no reliable safety net. This precarious work/family experience took a toll on the mothers’ health and well-being, and put their children’s well-being at constant risk. The data suggest that what leads to this precarious work/family experience is persistent biases at home and in the labor market, which, for these mothers, manifest along four intersecting lines: gender, race, class, and motherhood status. Going forward in policy and practice, these biases must be challenged at micro (e.g. household) and macro (e.g. societal and institutional) levels.

Publications, Working Papers, Conference Proceedings, and Presentations: Matthew, Lenore E. & Windsor, Liliane C. (2018, January). Contextualizing Trajectories to Adolescent Pregnancy: Evidence from Brazil. Society for Social Work and Research (SSWR) Annual Conference. Washington, D.C.

Matthew, Lenore E. (2017, December). Ethical Issues in Qualitative Field Research. Ethics in Research Panel. United Nations University (UNU-Maastricht). Maastricht, Netherlands.

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Engineering First-Year Experience in SĂŁo Paulo

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n the Spring of 2018, 11 engineering student leaders in the College of Engineering were provided the opportunity to participate in the first Global Leaders Training program. The program consisted of an 8-week pre-travel course followed by a 2-week study abroad experience to SĂŁo Paulo, Brazil. The program was a collaboration between the Illinois Engineering FirstYear Experience, International Programs in Engineering, and Engineering Career services. We also worked with campusb (formerly Campus Brasil) In Sao Paulo to develop the abroad program. The coursework and the subsequent travel focused on the development of global and intercultural competencies through critical thinking, examination of the topics of diversity, teamwork, and career readiness as they relate to their student development and the development as peer leaders, and finally the synthesis of their academic learning and personal reflections as it relates to the program in which they are a peer leader. In order to achieve these outcomes, the students explored aspects of intercultural communication, privilege, Brazilian culture, and career development in the pre-departure course in preparation for the experience in Brazil. The students worked together on diverse teams with Brazilian engineering students from Mackenzie University to provide a solution to a waste management problem a non-profit organization, Recicleiros, was experiencing. Students also participated

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in company visits and activities designed to highlight the culture and traditions of Brazil.

Students overwhelming found the experience to be meaningful, educational, and life changing. One student from the trip has submitted a Fulbright proposal to continue the work in SĂŁo Paulo. Other students are able to use the experience to explore various career options they may not previously have considered. All of the students developed strong relationships with each other and the Brazilian students they worked with providing an opportunity to see the value that comes from diversity and as peer leaders in the College of Engineering, they are sharing these experiences with others.


Portuguese Language Program by Raquel Castro Goebel, Director of Portuguese Language Program The Lemann Institute supports the Portuguese Language Program and the Portuguese Language Director in the Department of Spanish & Portuguese, currently held by Raquel Castro Goebel.

The 2017-2018 year brought many exciting opportunities for students and community members interested in connecting with Brazilian culture. Students enrolled in the Portuguese Program experienced Brazilian culture first hand through two field trips to the Chicago Art Institute. During the trips, students explored the artwork of Helio Oiticica and Tarsíla do Amaral, two the most influential artists of the past Century in Brazil. Prior to the latter Art Institute’s visit, the Program sponsored several workshops focused on Brazilian Culture. One of the most popular was a Brazilian Modern Art painting workshop, where students learned about Brazilian modern art through re-readings of Tarsila do Amaral’s paintings. During the field trip, students visited a traditional Brazilian restaurant and interacted with the business owner, who shared her experiences about the challenges of being an immigrant in the US. The Portuguese Program increased its collaboration across campus. It assisted the Gies College of Business by providing a chaperone for two of their faculty-led trips, and offering pre-travel language classes to Programs such as Horticulture (ACES), Economics, Engineering, and Business. The Program continued to offer Portuguese language evaluations to students from many fields of study interested in applying for prestigious fellowships such as FLAS and Fulbright. It also maintained its collaboration with the Center for Latin America and Caribbean Studies- CLACS- on an initiative for teaching Portuguese and introducing

Brazilian culture to high school students- the Summer Bridge Workshop. This two-week Portuguese language course, offered free of charge, has the goal of introducing High School Students to Portuguese and Brazilian culture.

The Program sponsored bi-weekly Bate Papos (the Portuguese conversation table) and organized Brazilian cooking classes such as the pão de queijo and coxinhamaking workshops with special guests. It hosted the VIII Mostra Brazilian Movie Series, offered a talk on Brazilian literature (Modernism), hosted the traditional Festa de Dia das Bruxas at La Casa Cultural Latina, and the Brazilian Carnaval event with Brazilian food and a live Samba band with the support of the Luso-Brazilian Student Association. The success of the abovementioned initiatives, which were offered completely free of charge to students, were made possible thanks to the generosity of the Student Cultural Program Fund; the Center for Latin America and Caribbean Studies- CLACS; the Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies; Brazilian Companies Incobrasa, Forno de Minas, and Campus Brasil; and the local Brazilian community. Events like these contributed to the promotion of Brazilian culture on campus and increased student exposure to the target language and culture.

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Cultural Programming iCU The event brought together international students from Brazil and students who have studied abroad in Brazil to share the student experience with those in attendance. The event was part of the iCU series that was sponsored by the Office of Inclusion and Intercultural Relations. The whole goal of the iCU series is to bring international and domestic students together to learn about different cultures.

Freedom Forum

The primary objective of the event was to provide an academic forum where faculty, students, staff, and community members could critically discuss recent events in Charlottesville, Virginia, and formulate a response to the possibility of “alt right� white supremacist actions on campus, on September 20, 2017. A premium was placed on positing concrete strategies to realize Black liberation on campus, Champaign-Urbana, and beyond. One of the main concerns was especially with discussing women, gender, and sexualities in relation to Black freedom, forging a politics of solidarity, and appreciating the resurgence of racism, misogyny, xenophobia, Islamophobia, and anti-Semitism in the United States in a global context. The panel was consisted of faculty, graduate and graduate students, and community organizers.

The Making of International Human Rights, Steven Jansen

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1917: Ten Days that Shook the World/2017 The Fall Symposium focused on 1917 in its immediate context and also, reflected on the broadest implications of 1917 and a century of protest and revolution. The morning session offerred historical perspectives on the revolution in Russia, and included scholars who addressed the immediate and global reverberations of the revolution during the first decades after 1917. The afternoon examined the state of radical political action, labor, and protest 100 years later and focused on questions of work, precarity, and inequality.


Latin America Film Festival For the last ten years the Lemann Institute has co-sponsored a one-week Latin American Film Festival (LAFF) for all the community. The 2017 LAFF (Sept. 22-28, The Art Theater, Champaign IL) screened nine films, six recent fiction films and three documentaries from different countries of the region.

Black Music of the Americas: Transatlantic Connections Between Brazil & U.S. The Americas are connected by a history of slavery and colonialism. While black communities created cultural expressions that are unique to the different geographic, national, and urban contexts in the continent, the music created by these communities are united by common experiences of the African Diaspora. This concert explored the diversity of expressions of Black Music of the Americas, focusing on repertoire from Brazil and U.S. and its transatlantic connections. Bringing their own individual voices and using jazz as a common framework for improvised collective performance, Marcelo Boccato, Tito Carrillo, Greg Ward, John Tate, and Jay Sawyer created new interpretations of music by Milton Nascimento, Gilberto Gil, Stevie Wonder, 2Pac, Thelonious Monk, and Danilo Perez.

2017 LAFF includes:

The Clan / El Clan (Argentina, 2015)

The Club / El Club (Chile, 2015)

• • • • • • •

The Second Mother / Que Horas Ela volta? (Brazil, 2015) Rosa Chumbe (Peru, 2015)

Made in Cuba (USA/Cuba, 2016) Chavela (USA, 2017) Dolores (USA, 2017)

Santa Sangre (Mexico/Italy) Book of Life (USA, 2014)

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Brazil Supply Chain Study Abroad Program

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tudents from the Gies College of Business Supply Chain Management Program visited Brazil from March 17 to 24, 2018. The study abroad trip was designed for students to study some aspects of the coffee supply chain, visit companies, and interact with Brazilian students. The students visited the cities of São Paulo, Santos, Piracicaba, Iguaçu Falls and Rio de Janeiro. In Santos, the students visited the Coffee Museum and the port storage and logistics operations of the Rumo Corporation. From there the students visited the Fazenda Tozan do Brazil a historic farm that has transitioned from sugar production to now a coffee

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plantation. In Piracicaba, the students visited ESALQLOG department at ESALQ-USP. They learned about the history of coffee, the economics of coffee trade and the culture around coffee in Brazil. Students from ESALQ-LOG and the Gies College jointly played an educational game (“The Beer Game”) to understand the dynamics of supply chains. In Rio de Janeiro, the students visited the offices of ABIC (The Coffee Roasters Association of Brazil) and learned about efforts by the association to promote coffee consumption and exports. The students had an engaging discussion with the Executive Director of ABIC about coffee certification.



About the Institute Established in 2009, the Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies promotes teaching and research about Brazil by faculty and students at Illinois and their Brazilian counterparts, who take advantage of the extensive resources available at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC).

Building on long-standing collaboration with Brazilian scholars in economics and agriculture, as well as nearly a half-century of teaching and research in Brazilian literature and history, the Institute fosters knowledge and understanding of Brazil across disciplines and colleges. It does this by offering fellowships to UIUC and Brazilian students at graduate and undergraduate levels; funding faculty research; organizing international conferences on Brazilian topics; and supporting cultural activities.

Staff

Jerry Dávila, Director John Karam, Associate Director Elis Artz, Lemann Program Coordinator Dan Bacon, Communications Coordinator Gloria Ribble, Office Manager

Faculty Advisory Board

Heitor Almeida, Department of Finance Mary Arends-Kuenning, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics Andy Orta, Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (ex-oficio) Richard Gates, Department of Agricultural & Biological Engineering Patrick Keenan, College of Law Joseph Love, Department of History (emeritus) Andiara Schwingel, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health Liliane Windsor, School of Social Work

External Advisory Board

Edmund Amann, University of Leiden, The Netherlands Carlos Azzoni, University of São Paulo, Brazil Feng Sheng Hu, Dean of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Jorge Paulo Lemann, InBev, Brazil Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela, Vice Provost for International Affairs and Global Strategies João Castro Neves, Restaurant Brands International, United States Alexandre Tombini, Executive Director, International Monetary Fund Maria De Lujan Caputo Winkler (ex-oficio), Consul-General of Brazil in Chicago Janelle Weatherford, Director of Foundation Relations, University of Illinois John H. Welch, Macro Strategy, Fixed Income, Currencies & Distribution CIBC World Markets, Inc.