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,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016


yP r h ,e; j pah jkpo; rpwg;gpjo; This issue in Tamil is a translated version of LEISA India magazine. This includes selected articles from LEISA India, originally published in English. Address : ame Foundation No. 204, 100 Feet Ring Road, 3rd Phase, Banashankari 2nd Block, 3rd Stage, Bangalore - 560 085, India Tel:

+91-080- 2669 9512, +91-080- 2669 9522

Fax:

+91-080- 2669 9410

E-mail: leisaindia@yahoo.co.in

Leisa India Chief Editor : K.V.S. Prasad Managing Editor : T.M. Radha

yPrh vd;gJ Fiwe;j ntspapL nghUs; kw;Wk; epiyj;j Ntshz;ik vd;gjd; RUf;fkhFk;. Rw;Wr;RoYf;F cfe;j topfspy; cw;gj;jpiaAk;> tUkhdj;ijAk; ngUf;f tpUk;Gk; coth;fSf;F njhopw;El;g kw;Wk; r%f hPjpapyhd tha;g;Gfis cs;slf;fpajhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ cs;@h; ts Mjhuq;fs; kw;Wk; ,aw;ifapd; Nghf;Ffis msTld; gad;gLj;jp Njitg;gLk; NghJ ghJfhg;ghd msT ntspaPL nghUl;fis jpwd;gl ifahs;tjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ Mz; kw;Wk; ngz; coth;fis> me;j r%fj;ij Ragyk; kpf;fth;fshfTk;> rf;jp kpf;fth;fshfTk; khw;wp mjd;%yk; mth;fspd; vjph;fhyj;ij jq;fs; nrhe;j mwpT> jpwik>kjpg;gL P > fyhr;rhuk; kw;Wk; mikg;Gfis mikf;f cjTtjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ khwptUk; #oy;fs; kw;Wk; NjitfSf;F Vw;g coth;fs; kw;Wk; ,ju gq;Fjhuh;fspd; jpwikfs;> gq;Nfw;G mZFKiwfs; %yk; gyg;gLj;JtjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ ghuk;ghpa mwpitAk;> mwptpay; g+h;tkhd mwpitAk; ,izj;J mjd;%yk; nfhs;if cUthf;fj;jpy; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jp vjph;fhy tsh;r;rpf;F rhjfkhd #oiy cUthf;FtjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ xU fUj;J> xU mZFKiw kw;Wk; tpNtfkhd nra;jp.

Translated by Suresh Kanna. K Translation coordination Poornima Administration Rukmini G. G. Design and Layout M.S. Vasanth Christopher Printing L.S. Graphic Prints, Chennai Cover photo Shiva Reddy of Yanigadale, Chintamani tq preparing vermi compost for kitchen garden Photo: AMEF Different editions • Regional Editions Telugu, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Punjabi and Oriya • Farming Matters The Global edition in English • LEISA Revista de Agroecologia The Latin American edition in Spanish • LEISA India The Indian edition in English • AGRIDAPE The West African edition in French • Agriculturas, Experiencias em Agroecologia The Brazilian edition in Portuguese

The editors have taken every care to ensure that the contents of this magazine are as accurate as possible. The authors have ultimate responsibility, however, for the content of individual articles. The editors encourage readers to photocopy and circulate magazine articles.

2

Supported by MISEREOR, Published by AME Foundation yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

kpnrshpah; vd;gJ tsh;r;rp xj;Jiog;gpw;fhf> n[h;kdp ehl;by; cs;s fj; N jhypf; f ghjphpahh; f shy; 1958 Mk; Mz; b y; epWtg; g l; l Xh; epWtdkhFk;. kpnrshpah; fle;j 50 tUlq;fSf;Fk; Nkyhf Mg;gphpf;fh> Mrpah kw; W k; yj; j P d ; mnkhpf; f ehLfspy; Vo; i k xopg; g jw; f hd Nghuhl;lj;jpy; jd;id mh;gzpj;J gzpahw;wp tUfpwJ. kjk;> ehfhPfk;> ghypdk; vd;w ve;j NtWghby;yhky; kdpj Fyj;jpd; Njitf;F jdJ cjtpia mspj;J tUfpwJ. Vio kw;Wk; gpd;jq;fpa kf;fs;> jhq;fshf Jtf;Fk; ve;j xU Kaw;rpf;Fk; MjuT nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W ek;GfpwJ. cs;@h; $l;lhspfSld;> Fwpg;ghf fpUj;Jt Nfhapy;fNshL njhlh;Gila epWtdq;fs;> muR rhuh epWtdq;fs;> r%f ,af;fq;fs;> Muha;r;rp epWtdq;fs; Nghd;wtw;NwhL ,ize;J gzpahw;Wtij tpUk;GfpwJ. gadhspfNshL ,ize;J> mjd; $l;lhspfs; cs;@h; ts Nkk;ghl;L Kiwfspy; cjtpAk;> jpl;lq;fis eilKiwg;gLj;jpAk; tUfpd;wdh;. ,t;topahfNt> kpnrshpah; jdJ $l; l hspfSld; ,ize; J njhlh; r ; r pahf khwptUk; rthy; f is vjph;nfhs;fpwJ. www.misereor.de; www.misereor.org V.vk; . , gTz; N l\d; Fiwe; j ntspapL nghUs; %yk; ,aw; i f ts Mjhuq; f s; Nkyhz; i kf; f hf ghuk; g hpa mwpitAk; > Gjpa fz; L gpbg; G njhopw; E l; g q; f isAk; xd; w pizj; J epiyj; j tho; t hjhug; gzpfis ngUf; F tjpy; <Lgl; L tUfpwJ. V.vk; . , gTz; N l\d; Ntshz; i kapy; khw;WfisAk;> mwpitAk; ngUf;FtjpYk;> gapw;rpfs; mspg;gjpYk;> tsh;r;rp gzpfspy; <Lgl;L tUk; epWtdq;fNshL njhlh;Gfis Vw;gLj;JtjpYk;> mDgtq;fis gfph;e;J nfhs;tjw;Fk;> jf;fhz gPlg+kp gFjpfspy; rpW FW coth;fs; kj;jpapy; gzpahw;wp tUfpwJ. V.vk;., epWtdk; Mh;tKs;s tptrhaf; FOf;fSld; gy fpuhkq;fspy; khw;W tptrha Kiwfis ngUf;fTk;> eilKiwg;gLj;jTk; gzp nra;J tUfpwJ. ,e;j gFjpfs; ,aw;if Ntshz; Kiwfis nfhz;Ltu Kaw;rpf;Fk; kw; W k; eilKiwg; g Lj; j p nfhz; L tUk; jd; d hh; t f; FOf; f s; kw; W k; $l;likg;GfSf;F fw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; ,lq;fshfTk; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd. www.amefound.org

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,aw; i f Ntshz; topKiwapy; kz; tsj; i j mjpfg;gLj;JtjpYk;> ePh; Nkyhz;ik Kiwfs; kw;Wk; fpuhkg;Gw cw;gj;jpahsh;fs; jq;fspd; nghUl;fSf;F ey;y tpiy fpilg;gij cWjp nra;tjw;fhd GJikahd cs;@h; re;ij Kaw;rpfis Kd;dpiyg;gLj;jp tUk; ,e;j ,jio cq;fSf;F mspg;gjpy; ehq;fs; kpf;f kfpo;r;rpailfpNwhk;. khdhthhp epyq;fs; Fiwe;j cw;gj;jp jpwd; kw;Wk; kz; mhpkhdj;jpw;Fk; cs;shFgit. njd;dpe;jpahtpy; cs;s tayfk; vd;fpw kf;fs; mikg;gpd; Kaw; r pfs; tz; l y; kz; i zg; gad; g Lj; J tjd; %yk; mg; g bg; g l; l epyq; f spy; kz; tsj; i j kP l ; n lLf; f pwJ. ,J tptrhapfSf; F kz; z py; tsj;ij mjpfg;gLj;JtNjhL> Vhpfspy; mjd; ePh; nfhs;sT jpwidAk; mjpfhpf;f cjTfpwJ. Nfus khepyj;jpd; GJikahd cj;jpfis filgpbf;Fk; tptrhapahd gY]; > %lhf; i f gad; g Lj; J tjd; %yk; kz;zpd; fhpk msit mjpfg;gLj;j KbAk; vd;gNjhL ey;y kf#iy njhlh;e;J mWtil nra;a KbAk; vd; g ij fhl; b As; s hh; . taehL gFjpapy; ghuk;ghhpa ePh; epiyfshd Ruq;fh kw;Wk; Nfzp gw;wpa fl;Liu epiyj;j caph;r;#oy; KiwfSf;F vt;tsT Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jJ vd;gij ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. Ntshz; caph; r ; # oy; nray; g hLfNshL $ba $l;L Ntshz;ik kw;Wk; re;ij mZfy; Kaw;rpfs; ngz; tptrhapfs; ey;y tUkhdj;ij vLg;gjw;fhd topfis njhptpf;fpwJ. jq;fspd; njhlh; tpthjq;fis ehq;fs; vjph; g hh; f ; f pNwhk; . jq; f spd; tptrha ez; g h; f s; ahUk; ,e;j ,jio gbj;J gadila Ntz;Lk; vd jhq;fs; tpUk;gpdhy;> mth;fspd; KO Kfthpia vq;fSf;F mDg;gTk;. mth;fSf;F ,e;j ,jio kpf;f kfpo;r;rpNahL mDg;gp itf;fpNwhk;. Mrphpah;;

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13

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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

nry;yg;gLtjw;Fk;> mjd; fhuzkhf khdhthhp Ntshz; epyq;fspy; cs;s Nky; kz;zpy; cs;s Ez;Zl;lr;rj;Jf;fs; mbj;Jr; nry;yg;gl;L kz; mhpkhdk; Vw;gLtjw;F topNfhYfpwJ. ,J NkYk; XLk; ePNuhL kz; mbj;Jr; nry;yg;gl;L Vhpapy; tz;lyhf epuk;gp Vhpapd; xl;Lnkhj;j nfhs;sit ntFthf ghjpf;fpwJ. ghuk;ghpakhfNt> khdhthhp Ntshz; epyq;fspy; tz; l y; kz; i z mbg; g J njd; ,e; j pa tptrhapfsplj;jpy; nghJthd gof;fkhf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. ,J kz; Ez;Nzhl;lr; rj;Jf;fis jpUk;gg; ngWtw;F cjTtNjhL kl;Lky;yhJ kz;zpd; ePh;g;gpbg;Gj;jd;ikia $l;Ltjw;Fk; cjTfpwJ. Mdhy; ,e;j tz;ly; kz; mbf;Fk; tof;fkhdJ gy;NtW fhuzq;fshd ,ae; j pukakhf; f y; > msTf; F mjpfkhf gad; g Lj; j g; g Lk; ,urhad cuq; f shYk; > fpuhk mstpy; tUtha;j;Jiw gzpahsh;fs;


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,e;j nray;tpsf;fq;fs; jkpo;ehl;by; kJiu kw;Wk; Me;jpu khepyj;jpy; ey;nfhz;lh kw;Wk; rpj;J}h; khtl;lq;fspy; 30 n`f;Nlh; cs;slf;fpa 30 tptrhapfspd; epyq;fspy; nra;ag;gl;lJ. 20 nray;tpsf;fq;fs; jhpR epyq;fspy; nra;ag;gl;l Ntisapy; > 10 nray; t psf; f q; f s; $Ljy; eP h ; g ; g hrd trjpfs; nfhz; l epyq; f spy; nra;ag;gl;lJ. &. 14000 kjpg;gpyhd mjhtJ 50 tpOf;fhL nrytpdq;fs; tptrhapfshy; gfph;e;J nfhs;sg;gl;lJ.

3 Kjy; 5 Cuhl;rpfis cs;slf;fpa xU mLf;if nfhz;l ePh; epiyfis ghJfhf;f 15 Kjy; 20 taNyhfq;fis Jtf;fpAk;> mjid guhkhpf;Fk; Ntiyfis xt;nthU kz;ly mstpy; cs;s cs;@h; r%fg; gzpahsh;fs; Nkw;nfhs;thh;fs;. ,e;j ePh; epiyfspy; 350 Kjy; 500 tptrhapfs; ,Ug; g hh; f s; . xU tayfk; r%f gzpahsh; 25 Kjy; 30 rpWfld; FOf;fspy; cs;s ,e;j cWg;gpdh;fis xUq;fpizj;J guhkhpf;Fk; gzpfis Nkw;nfhs;th;. Nrkpg;G kw;Wk; rpWfld; nray;ghLfs; Fwpj;J NgRtjw;fhf mth;fs; njhlh;r;rpahf xd;W$Lthh;fs;. 3 Kjy; 4 Mz;Lfs; fopj;J> mjpy; jpul;lg;gl;bUf;Fk;

tptrhapfs; gq;Nfw;G Muha;r;rp jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; eilKiwg; g Lj; j g; g l; l nray; tpsf; f q; f s; ePh;g;ghrd epyq;fspy; 25 tpOf;fhLk;> jhpR epyq; f spy; 15 tpOf; f hLk; $Ljy; kf#iy mspj; j J. ,e; j KbTfspdhy; cw; r hfkspf; f g; g l; l kJiu> rptfq; i f> uhkehjGuk;> Njdp> jpUts;Sh;> fhQ;rpGuk;> rpj;J} h kw;Wk; ey;nfhz;lh tptrhapfs; jq;fspd; epyq;fspy; tz;ly; kz;iz gad;gLj;Jtjw;F Njitahd flDjtpia ngw;wdh;. fpl;lj;jl;l 275 tptrhapfSf;F tz;ly; kz;iz 228 Vf;fh; epyg;gug;gpw;F mbg;gjw;fhf ehw;gj;jp ,uz;L yl;r &gha; epjpcjtp> eghh;L tq;fp yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

5


1963 n`f; N lh; gug; g stpy; tz; l y; kz; mbj; j jd; %yk; gadile; j dh; . (ghh; f ; f ml;ltiz 1) ml;ltiz 1: tz;ly; kz;iz gad;gLj;jpa fh;ehlf tptrhapfs;

tl;lk;

gz;iz epyj;jpy; Nghlg;gl;Ls;s tz;ly; kz;

,aw;if ts Mjhuq;fspd; Nkk;ghl;bw;fhf jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; toq;fg;gl;lJ.

tptrhapfspd; epyj; j py; tz; l y; kz;iz gad;gLj;j topfhl;Ljy; Vhpfspy; cs;s tz;ly; kz;iz vg;nghOnjy;yhk; vLf;fg;gLfpd;wNjh> mg;NghJ tptrhapfis jq;fs; epyq;fspy; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sk;gb cw;rhfg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. vdpDk; mth; f s; Mh; t k; fhl; l tpy; i y. jq; f spd; epyq;fspy; tz;ly; kz;iz rpwe;j Kiwapy; gad; g Lj; j pf; nfhs; t jpy; tptrhapfSf; F epjp kw;Wk; kw;w rpy ,lh;ghLfs; ,Ue;jd. tz; l y ; k z ; i z kW Row ;rp nr a ;tjd; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; Fwpj;Jk;> eilKiwapy; cs;s ,lh; g hLfis fUj; j py; nfhz; L > 2009-11 Mk; Mz;by; fh;ehlfhtpy; rh; nlhuhg;[p lhlh mwf;fl;lisapd; cjtpNahL xU kWtho;Tj; jpl;lk; nray;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. ,e;jj; jpl;lj;jpd; fP o ; Vhpf; f iuapy; cs; s tz; l y; kz; i z KOtJkhf vLj; J (fbdkhd kz; i z fiuia gyg; g Lj; J tjw; f hd Ntiyf; F vLj; J f; n fhs; s g; g l; L ) tptrhapfs; jq; f s; Ntshz; epyq;fspy; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tjw;F cjtp nra;j 900 j;jpw;Fk; Nkw;gl;l tptrhapfs;

6

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vjph;nfhz;l rthy;fs; jkpo; e hl; b y; cs; s tptrhapfs; jq; f sJ epyq;fSf;F mUNf cs;s Vhpfspy; ,Ue;J tz; l y; kz; vLj; J nry; t jw; F cs; @ h; tUtha; mjpfhhpfs; vjph;gG ; njhptpj;jjhy; me;j gpur;ridia vjph; nfhs;s Ntz;bapUe;jJ. cah; mjpfhhpfis njhlh;G nfhz;L tpthjpj;j NghJk; gpur; r idia jP h ; f ; f Kbatpy; i y. ,Wjpahf xU tptrha mikg; g hd jhz; gTz; N l\d; cjtpNahL jfty; chpik rl; l j; i j gad; g Lj; j p mjd; % yk; tz; l y; kz;iz vLj;Jr; nry;tij jil nra;Ak; ve;j xU murhizAk; ,y;iy vd;gJ njhpate;jJ. ,e; j Kaw; r pfspd; tpisthf tptrhapfs; tz;ly; kz;iz vLj;J jq;fspd; epyj;jpy; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sKbe;jJ.  N Venkatesan, Programme leader, DHAN Vayalagam (Tank) Foundation, 1A, Vaidyanathapuram East Cross Kenneth Road, Near 7th Day Adventists school, Madurai-625016, Tamil Nadu E-mail: n.venkatesan@dhan.org %yk;: yPrh ,e;jpah> khh;r; 2015> thy;a+k; 17> ,jo; 1


jhtuj;jpd; mbg;gFjpapy; tskhd kz; ,Ug;gij gt;Y]; fhl;Lfpwhh;.

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,Ug; g pDk; > mz; i kf; f hyq; f spy; jP t pukhf gaphplg;gl;LtUk; Vyf;fha; rhFgbahdJ g+r;rp kw; W k; Neha; f spd; jhf; F jy; f spdhy; gaph; kf#y; ,og; g pw; F k; > $ypahl; f s; Njitia mjpfhpj;Jk; kw;Wk; rhFgb nrytpdq;fis mjpfhpf;fTk; nra;jJ.

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7


Gjpa Nahridfis ghpNrhjid nra;jy;; Nfus khepyk; ,Lf; f p khtl; l k; > f[dguh fpuhkj;ij Nrh;e;j jpU. vk;. tp. ghy;Y]; xU GJikahd tptrhap. ve; j xU GJikahd NahridiaAk; xU rpwpa gFjpapy; nra; J ghh;jJ ; mjd; gpd;dNu mjid Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjh? my;yJ Gwe;js;Stjh vd KbT nra;thh;. mth; epiwa ,urhad ,LnghUl;fis nfhz;L gad;gLj;Jk; nray;ghLfis Gwe;js;sptpl;L nkJthf caph;r# ; oYf;F cfe;j kw;Wk; Fiwe;j nrytpdq;fis nfhz;l> Fwpg;ghf Vyf;fha; rhFgbapy; ,LnghUs; nrytpdq; f is Fiwj; J k; mjd; kf#iy mjpfg; g Lj; J k; fyhr; r hu nray; g hLfis Nehf; f p efh; e ; J tUgth;. Vyf;fha; rhFgb nra;Ak; epyj;jpy; epoy; nfhLg;gjw;fhf gyh kuk; kw;Wk; rpy;th; Xf; kuq;fs; tsh;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. nghJthf gUtkio tUtjw; F Kd; N ghmy; y J mJ njhlq; f k; NghNjh ,e; j kuq; f s; fthj; J nra; a g; g l; L tpLk; . Mdhy; ghy; Y ]; jdJ kuq;fis tlfpof;F gUtkio KbAk; Neuj;jpy; mjhtJ brk; g h; - [dthpapy; ; xbe; J tpOk; rpWfpisfs; J}h; f Sf; F Fiwe; j msT ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;Jk; tifapy; fthj;J nra;jhh;. kz; tskhfTk; > mjpfsT %lhf; f pdhy; KbapUg;gjhYk;> ntapy; fhyq;fspy; ,Uf;Fk; mjpf ntg;gk; Nth;fs; Nky; glhky; ,Ug;gjhYk; gaph;fs; ghjpg;gilahky; ,Uf;Fk;. mjw;Fg; gjpyhf ngUksT vz; z pf; i fapy; Gjpa fZf;fs; ntbj;J fpsk;Gk;. caukhd kuq;fs; ey; y fhw; N whl; l j; j pw; F toptFg; g NjhL mjpfkhd kiwKfkhf #hpa ntspr;rk; J} h; f spd; Nky; gl; L xspr; N rh; f ; i f ed; w hf eilngWtjhy;>; tpjhd ntg;gepiyia Fiwj;J J}h; f spd; tsh; r ; r p> ey; y kyh; f ; nfhj; J k; > kyh;ciw kw;Wk; fha; cUthf cjTfpwJ.

Vyf;fhapy; %lhf;F vq;nfy;yhk; kuq;fspy; ,Ue;J rpW fpisfs; kw;Wk; ,iyfs; kz;zpy; tpOfpd;wdNth> mq; n fy; y hk; gaph; f s; ed; w hf tsh; e ; J k; > g+r; r p kw; W k; Neha; j ; j hf; F jy; f s; Fiwe; J ,Ue;jij ghy;Y]; ftdpj;jhh;. fPNo tpOe;j rWFfs;> rpWfpisfs; kz;zpd; Nky; ey;y nkhj; j khd %lhf; f hf cUthfpapUe; j J. ,e; j ,iyr; r WFfs; kz; z py; tpOe; J kl;fp kl;Fcuk; jahhpf;Fk; Ntiy mq;NfNa eilngw;wpUe;jJ. ,e;jpa Vyf;fha; Muha;r;rp epWtdk; mtuJ gz;izapy; cs;s kz;zpd; tsj;ij Ma;T Nkw;nfhz;L ,aw;if fdpkk;/ 8

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

kl; F tsk; kw; w gf; f j; J gz; i zfNshL xg;gpLk;NghJ kpf mjpf mstpy; ,Ug;gij fz; l wpe; j J. kz; z py; nkhj; j mlh; j ; j pAk; kpf Fiwthf ,Ue;jJ. %lhf;fhdJ kz;zpy; mkpyj;jd;ikia Fiwj;J> ,aw;if fhpkr;rj;ij mjpfhpf;fr; nra;jpUe;jJ. mjpf ,aw; i f fhpkr; r j; J ,Ue; j jhy; > ghy; Y ]; ,urhad cuq;fspd; gad;ghl;il xU KiwNahL Fiwj;Jf; nfhz;lhh;. ,g;gFjpapy; nghJthf tptrhapfs; 4-7 Kiw ,urhad cuq;fis gad;gLj;Jthh;fs;. %lhf; f pdhy; epiwa gyd; f s; mile; j ij ftdpf;f Kbe;jJ. Fwpg;ghf jhtuj;jpd; tsh;rr ; p kpfTk; MNuhf;fpakhfTk;> ,iyg;Ngd;> jz;L Jisg;ghdpdhy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;Gfs; kpfTk; Fiwe;Jk;> 17 tUl jhtuj;jpd; caukhdJ 1520 mb caukhfTk;> xt;nthU fpisapYk; 100 J}h;fs; ntbj;Jk; ,Ue;jd. nghJthf Vyf;fha; gapulg;gLk; epyq;fspy; 8-10 Mz;Lfspy; mit gpLq;fg;gl;L Gjpa fZf;fs; Cd;wg;gLtJ eilKiwahd xd; W. Mdhy; > ghy; Y ]; 17 tUlq;fshf ntw;wpfukhf xU Kiw Cd;wpa fZf;fNshL mtuJ Njhl;lj;jpy; guhkhpj;J tUfpwhh;. kz;zpy; mkpyj;jd;ik Fiwthf cs; s jhy; gioa fZf; f s; mOFtjw; F gjpyhf tpiuthf kl;fptpLfpwJ. gf;fthl;by; ntbf;Fk; Nth;fSk; $l ,ilNa tsh;tJk; fhzg; g l; l J. Vyf; f ha; nrbapd; epoNy fisfs; tsh;tij Fiwj;Jtpl;ljhYk;> #hpa xspapdhy; kz; Neubahf jhf;fg;glhjjhYk; fis vLg;gjw;fhd NjitNa Vw;gltpy;iy.

epiwa gad;fis mWtil nra;jJ %lhf;F kw;Wk; kw;w kz;iz tsg;gLj;Jk; nray; g hLfis eilKiwg; g Lj; j pajhy; > ghy;Y]; ey;y kf#iy ntw;wpfukhf mila Kbe;jJ. ruhrhpahf xU Vyf;fha; nrbapy; ,Ue;J 2-5 fpNyh (100 J}h;fs;). goq;fspd; msTk; jpul;rpahfTk;> cUz;ilahfTk; mjd; tpijfs; jplkhfTk; ,Ue;jJ. (fha;ej ; goj;jpd; vilahdJ 420 Kjy; 460 fpuhk; ) tpijapd; vil tpOf;fhL 83 f;Fk; Nky; ,Ue;jJ. 1995 kw;Wk; 2009-2010 Mk; Mz;Lfspy; Vyf;fha; rhFgbapy; mjpf kf#y; ngw;wjw;fhd Kjy; ghpir eWkzg; nghUl;fSf;fhd thhpaj;jpd; tpUij ngw;whh;. kw;w gad;fshf Fiwe;j rhFgb nrytpdq;fs;> fis vLf; f Ntz; b a Njit ,y; y hjjhy; Ntiyahl; f Sf; F nfhLf; f g; g Lk; $yp Fiwe; jJk; ,jpy; mlf; fk; . Fiwe; j msT


Vyf;fha; nrbapy; cs;s ,iyAiwapd; ePsj;ij msf;fpwhh;.

ntspapL nghUl; f s; gad; g Lj; j g; g l; l jhy; nrytpdq; f s; Fiwe; j J. NkYk; > Fiwe; j msT ,urhad cuq;fs; gad;gLj;jg;gl;ljhy;> Fwpg;ghf jz;L Jisg;ghDf;F ,aw;ifapy; fhzg; g Lk; vjphpfs; mjpfkhf ,Ue; j J. Mf];L 2012 Mk; Mz;L xU Ma;T elj;jg;gl;L mjpy; 47 tpOf;fhL xl;Lz;zp nray;ghL ,Ue;jJ fz;lwpag;gl;lJ. ,J ,e;jpa Ntshz; Muha; r ; r p epWtdg; gz; i zapy; ,Ue; j xl; L z; z p nray; g hlhf ,Ue; j 12 tpOf;fhl;ilAk;> kw;w tptrhapfs; gz;izapy; ,Ue; j 2 tpOf; f hl; i lAk; tpl $Ljyhf ,Ue;jJ. mq;nfy;yhk; g+r;rpf; nfhy;ypfspd; gad;ghL mjpfk; ,Ue;jJ. ,J Njd; milfs; mjpfk; Vw;glTk; mjd; %yk; kfue;jr; Nrh;fi ; f nray; g hL mjpfhpg; g jw; F k; Cf; f g; g Lj; j p ,Ue;jJ.

Kd;khjphpahf tpsq;Ffpwhh;. epiwa tptrhapfs; ghy;Y]; gz;izf;F te;J mtuJ gz;izapy; eilKiwg; g Lj; j g; g Lk; tpraq; f is fw; W mjid gpd;gw;wp tUfpd;wdh;.  S Varadarasan Former Scientist, ICRI, Myladumpara, Idukki district, Kerala E-mail:shanvarad@gmail.com P Vivekanandan Executive Director, SEVA, 45 TPM Nagar, Viratipattu, Madurai-16 %yk;: yPrh ,e;jpah> khh;;r; 2015> thy;a+k; 17> ,jo; 1

caph; r ; # oYf; F cfe; j Kiwapy; Vyf; f ha; rhFgbapy; <LgLk; epiwa NgUf;F ghy;Y]; xU

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

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gz;izapypUe;J czTj;jl;bw;F rf[h Mh;fhdpf;rpd; xU Kaw;rp [P. fpU\;z gpurhj; kw;Wk; gp. NrhNk\; nghUshjhu tsh;r;rpapy; tptrhapfs; Neub re;ij tha;g;ig ngwr; nra;tJ xU Kf;fpakhf gq;if nrYj;JfpwJ. coth;fspd; re;ijfs; fpuhk - efu njhlh;ig Vw;gLj;Jtjpy; Kf;fpa gq;if nfhLg;gJk; kw;Wk; gz;izapy; ,Ue;J Neubahf Gjpa nghUl;fis ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;w Efh;Nthhpd; Mh;tKk; njhlh;eJ ; gpurpj;jp ngw;W tUfpwJ. tptrhapfs; kw;Wk; Ntshz; ty;Yeh;fshy; jiyikNaw;W nray;gLk; rf[h rk;Ujh vd;w epWtdk;> tptrhapfSf;Fk; Efh;Nthh;fSf;Fk; cs;s ,ilntspia ,izg;gij xU Kaw;rpahf nfhz;Ls;sJ. ‘mghpkpjkhd ,aw;if” vd;w nghUs; nfhz;l rf[h rk;Ujh tptrhapfsplj;jpy; ghuk;ghpa gaph;tiffis ghJfhj;J Nkk;gLj;Jk;; gzpia Nkw;nfhz;L mjpy; kf;fs; ,af;fj;ij mhprp njhlh;ghd Ntshz; caphpdg;gd;ikaj;ij ghJfhf; F k; gzpapy; <Lgl; L tUfpwJ. Kjypy; tptrhapfspd; xU Kaw;rpahf mwpT> tpij kw;Wk; epiyj;j Ntshz;ik njhlh;ghd mwpTk; gfph; e ; J nfhs; t jd; Nehf; f j; N jhL Jtf;fg;gl;lJ. fh;ehlfhtpy; ,aw;if Kiwapy; tpistpf;fg;gl;l nghUl;fis tpw;gjw;fhf jdp re;ij ,y;yhjjhy;> ,aw;if Ntshz;ikia gpd;gw;wp tptrhak; nra; A k; coth; f s; jq; f spd; nghUl; f is re;ijg;gLj;j Kbatpy;iy. ,jdhy; mth;fs; nghJthd re;ijapNy mjid tpw;wjdhy;> ve;j Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf ,aw;if Ntshz;ikf;F mth;fs; khwpdhh;fNsh> mJ Njhw;fbf;fg;gl;lJ. coth;fs; kw;Wk; Efh;Nthh;fs; nfhz;l xU ,izg; G $l; l ikg; i g cUthf; f p mjpy; ‘rf[h Mh;fhdpf;];” vd;w ngahpy; nfhs;Kjy; kw; W k; ; tpw; g id nra; a Tk; rfIh rk; U jh cUthf;fpaJ. ,aw;if tpis nghUl;fis tpw;gid nra;tjw;F rf[h rk;Ujh ,aw;if cw; g j; j pahsh; f s; epWtdk; epWtg; g l; l J. jw; N ghJ ,e; j epWtdj; j py; ; 750 ,aw; i f cw;gj;jpahsh;fNs mjd; gq;Fjhuh;fshfTk; cs;sdh;. ,J kl;Lky;yhJ> ,e;j epWtdj;jpy;; 2500 tptrha FLk; g q; f s; (30 tptrhaf; FOf;fs;) mjd; $l;likg;gpy; cs;sJ. cw; g j; j pahsh; epWtdkhdJ tptrhapfs; jq;fspd; nghUl;fis nfhz;L te;J fhl;rpg;gLj;jp mjid ey;y tpiyf;F tpw;gid nra;tij top elj;JfpwJ. nghUl;fs; tptrhapfsplk; ,Ue;J Neubahf 10

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

kf;fhr; Nrhsj;jpd; gd;kaj;ij nfhz;lhLfpwhh;fs;

nfhs;Kjy; nra;ag;gl;l $l;likg;gpy; cs;s filfSf;F toq;fg;gLfpwJ. ,e;j ,izg;Gr; rq;fypahdJ nghUl;fs; Efh;Nthiu Neubahf nrd;wiltjw;fhf cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;j epWtdk; nghUl;fis nghJthd re;ijapy; cs;s tpiyiaf; fhl;bYk;> 15-20 tpOf;fhL cah;kjpg;G njhif nfhLj;J thq;fp> mjpy; nghJthd re;ij tpiy Nghf kPjpia mjd; Mjhuj;jpw;fhf gad;gLj;jp nfhs;fpwJ.

coth;fspd; re;ij topahf gz;iz nghUl;fs; Neubahf tpw;fg;gLtJ njhlh;eJ ; Kf;fpakhd tpw;gid ikakhf Ntshz; cw;gj;jpahsh;fshy; Njrpa mstpy; ghh;ff ; g;gLfpwJ.


rf[h ,aw;if kw;Wk; ghuk;ghpa mhprp> gUg;G kw;Wk; rpWjhdpaq;fis kl;LNk Cf;Ftpf;fpwJ. ,e;j gaph;fSf;F> Fwpg;ghf rpWjhdpaq;fs; kw;Wk; rpfg;G mhprp Nghd;witfspy; Cl;lr;rj;J kw;Wk; kUj;Jtg; gad;ghLfs; mjpfk; cs;sjhy;> efh; g ; g Fjpfspy; mtw; w pw; F nghpa mstpy; Njit ,Uf; f pwJ. khepyj; j pNy ,aw; i f tpisnghUl;fis nghpa mstpy; nfhs;Kjy; nra;Ak; epWtdkhf ,Ug;gjdhy;> ngq;fS& kw;Wk; mjid Rw;wpAs;s 80f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l filfSf; F nghUl; f is toq; f ptUfpwJ. ,Ug;gpDk;> fk;ngdpf;nfd;W xU fplq;Fk; xU rpy;yiw tpw;gid fil kl;LNk ,Uf;fpwJ. $Ljyhf> Neub tpw;gid Kaw;rpahf Mz; L NjhWk; rptg; G mhprp Nkshf; f s; > tpijj; jpUtpohf;fs; kw;Wk; ngU efuq;fs; kw;Wk; rpW efuq;fspy; ghJfhg;ghd czT j p U tpo h f; f isA k; el j;j p m j d; %yk; tptrhapfs; mth;fspd; nghUl;fis Efh;NthUf;F epahakhd tpiyapy; tpw;Wk; tUfpd;wdh;. ,e;j epfo;Tfs; 10000-20000 kf;fs; $l;lj;ij <h;f;ff;$baJ. ,e;j mh;gzpg;G kpf;f coth; re;ijfs;> Efh;Nthh;fs; cs;@hpy; tpise;j> Gjpjhf tpistpf;fg;gl;l nghUl;fis ngWtjw;Fk;> Efh;Nthh;fs; jq;fspd; nrhe;j Mj;khh;j;j cwit tptrhapfsplj;jpy; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tjw;Fk;>nghUl;fis cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; tptrhapfs; kPjhd Efh;NthUf;F Ntz;ba ek;gfj;jd;ik Vw;gLtjw;Fk; tha;gg ; hf mikfpwJ.

khw;wk; Muk;gf;fl;lj;jpy;> xU cw;gj;jpahsh; epWtdkhf> rf[h tptrhapfspd; epjpia kl;Lk; KOtJkhf ek;gp nray;glNtz;Lk; vd;w nfhs;ifia nfhz;bUe;jJ. 2010 Mk; Mz;L>; tptrhapfs; kw; W k; tptrhaf; FOf; f splk; ,Ue; J jpul; l g; g l; l &. 5 yl; r k; KjyP l ; b y; cw;gj;jpahsh; epWtdk; njhlq;fg;gl;lJ. ,Ug;gpDk;> Kjy; tUlj;jpy; Vw;gl;l ,og;Gfshy; KjyP l ; L g; gzk; tpuakhdJ. 2011-12 Mk; Mz;by; $Ljyhf 3 yl;r &gha; jpul;lg;gl;lJ. mjDld; ,d;Dk; $Ljyhf 5 yl;r &gha; tq; f pay; ,Ue; J epWtdj; j pd; ; gzpfis cah;j;Jtjw;fhf thq;fg;gl;lJ. 53 yl;r &gha; Mz; L tuT nryT eilngw; w pUe; j hYk; > epWtdkhdJ 1.5 yl;rk; e\;lj;ij re;jpj;jJ. 2012-13 y; eghh;L tq;fpaplkpUe;J epWtdk; epjp ngw;W mjd; nkhj;j msthf &gha; 83 yl;rk; %jypL nra;jJ. Mdhy;> mjd; ,yf;if

1 Nfhb vd eph;zapj;jJ. njhlh; twl;rpapd; fhuzkhf mJ vjph; g hh; j ; j tpisTfs; Vw; g lhky; Njhw; W g; NghdJ. epWtdkhdJ njhlh;r;rpahf e\;lk; <l;Lk; Jiwahfp e\;lk; 10 yl;rkhf $bg;NghdJ. 4 MtJ tUlj;jpy; jhd; epWtdkhdJ mjd; tuTnrytpid 1.27 Nfhbia ngw; W rkepiyia vl; b aJ. 2014-15 Mk; Mz; b y; epWtdj; j pd; tuT nryT tpaf; f j; j f; f msthf 3.6 Nfhbia vl;b> mjpy; yhgkhf 30 yl;r &gha; ngw;wJ. ,jpy; 5 yl; r &ghahdJ tptrhapfsplk; jpUg; g p nfhLf; f g; g l; L > rpy epjpfs; kl; L k; tpahghuj; j py; KjyP L nra; t jw; F jpUg; g p itj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. rpy;yiw tzpf fUj;jpaypy; njhlq;fp KOtJk; nkhj;j tpahghuk; vd ,e;j jUzk;; KOtJk;> epWtdkhdJ gy; N tW tpjkhd tpahghu ghpNrhjid khjphpfspy; Kaw;rpfis nra;J ghh;j;jJ. ,it midj;jpYk; epWtdkhdJ tptrhapfSf;F nfhLf;Fk; tpiy tpspk;ig vg;NghJk; Fiwf;fNt ,y;iy> njhlh;eJ ; msit mjpfhpg; g jpYk; yhgj; i j rpwpjsthapDk; miltij Nehf;fkhf nfhz;L nray;gl;lJ.

,aw;if top fha;fwp cw;gj;jpahsh;fs; FO - xU jftha;T ngq;f@Uf;F ntspNa mdpf;fy; jhYf;fhtpy; cs;s kharhe;jpuh fpuhkj;ij Rw;wpAs;s rpy fpuhkq;fspy; ,aw;if top fha;fwp rhFgbahdJ Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,q;F cs;s tptrhapfs; ghuk; g hpakhfNt fha; f wp cw; g j; j pAk; kyh; rhFgbAk; nra;J tUgth;fs;. kw;w ve;j xU fpuhkj;ijg; NghyNt> ,q;F cs;s tptrhapfs; ngUk; gug; g stpy; Xhpdr; rhFgbahf xNu fha;fwpiaAk;> ngUkstpy; kyh; rhFgbia Nkw;nfhs;gth;fs;. ,e;j gFjpahdJ gPl;&l; kw;Wk; Nful; fha;fwpfSf;F gpurpj;jp ngw;wJ. Muk; g f; f l; l gzpahf 150 tptrhapfis ,aw;if top Kiwf;F khw;Wtjw;fhd gzpfs; eilngw;wd. 3 tUlq;fSf;F gpwF> tptrhapfspd; vz; z pf; i f Fiwe; J rpyh; kl; L Nk ,aw; i f top Ntshz; K iwfis njhlh;e;J filgpbj;J te;jdh;. Muk;gf; fl;lj;jpy; ,e;jg;gFjpapy; ,aw;if tpisnghUl; f is re; i jg; g Lj; J tjpy; rpy jaf;fq;fs; ,Ue;jd. Vndd;why; tptrhapfs; efuj; j py; cs; s re; i jia miltjw; F 40 fp.kP gazk; nra;a Ntz;bapUe;jJ. Mdhy; rpy mh; g ; g zpg; G kpf; f tptrhapfspdhy; yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

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r%f mstpyhd re;ijg;gLj;Jjy; 10 tptrhapfsplj;jpy; Muk;gpj;J> gpwF ,Ugjhf mjpfhpj; J mjd; gpd; 70 f; F k; Nkw; g l; l tptrhapfs; njhlh;e;J re;ijf;Fj; Njitahd fha; f wpfis toq; f j; njhlq; f pdh; . me; j tptrhapfs; xd; w pize; J ‘rf[h rtaha juf;fhp ngy;yhfuuh rq;f” vd;w FOthf xU nghJ ,lj;jpy; fha;fwpfis Nrfhpj;J re;ijf;F toq;Ffpd;wdh;. ,q;F tptrhapfs; rpy fha;fwpfspy; ,Ue;J re;ijapd; Njitia g+h;j;jp nra;Ak; tifapy; gy; N tW tif fha; f wp rhFgb nra;tjw;F Cf;Ftpf;fg;gl;ldh;. rpy tifahd fha;fwpfspy; ,Ue;J tptrhapfs; jq;fspd; tpis nghUl;fis mjpfhpj;J 40f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l tiffis cw; g j; j p nra; J ngq; f SUtpy; cs;s gy;NtW filfSf;Fk;> kw;Wk; rpytw;iw khepyj; j pw; F ntspNaAk; toq; F fpd; w dh; . ,jd; tpisthf tptrhapfspd; xU ehs; tuT nrythdJ kpff; Fiwe;j msthd &. 700 apy; ,Ue;J khjk; 5 yl;rj;jpw;Fk; Nky; mjpfhpj;jJ. epykw;w tptrhapfSk; $l ,aw;if top fha;fwp cw;gj;jpapy; <Lgl;L mth;fspd; tho;thjhuj;ij Nkk; g Lj; j pf; n fhs; s Cf; F tpf; f g; g l; l dh; . kq;fsh vd;w xU ngz; tptrhapf;F epyk; ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; > jdJ tPli ; lr; Rw;wpAs;s fhyp ,lj;jpy; mth; rhFgb nra;Ak; fwpNtg;gpiy kw; w k; fP i ufspy; ,Ue; J khjk; &. 1500/rk;ghjpf;fpwhh;. ,e;j tptrhapfs; FOthdJ mjd; re;ijia rf[h rk; U jh ,aw; i f cw; g j; j pahsh; f s; epWtdj;jpd;; thapyhf gy;NtW #g;gh; khh;fn ; fl;> ,aw;if mq;fhbfs; kw;Wk; Efh;Nthh;fSf;F Neubahf ,aw;if coth;fspd; re;ij thapyhf nrd; w ile; J s; s dh; . ,aw; i f tpisnghUl; f spd; tpw; g id khjj; j pw; F xU Kiw ntt;NtW gFjpfspy; Kf;fpakhf Efh;Nthh;fis nrd;wilfpwJ. ,J mth;fspd; tpisnghUl; f Sf; F xU tpahghu ngauhf cUthf cjtp Ghpe;J jw;NghJ vq;Fk; mit ‘rf[h nt[;[p];” vd miof;fg;gLfpwJ. thuj;jpy; Ie;J ehl;fs; re;ij eilngWfpwJ. me;je;j ehl;fspd; Njitf;Nfw;g midj;J

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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

tptrhapfSk; jq;fspd; nghUl;fis nfhz;L tUfpd; w dh; . juk; vd; g J xU Kf; f pakhd mk;rkhf ghh;f;fg;gl;L mjd;gb fha;fwpfs; tifg; g Lj; j g; g l; L > mstplg; g l; L gpd; d h; gy;NtW filfSf;F mDg;gp itf;fg;gLfpwJ. thq;fpa fha;fwpfSf;F thuj;jpw;F xU Kiw gzk; gl;Lthlh nra;ag;gLfpwJ. tptrhafspd; nghUl;fs; kpfTk; mq;ff P huk; nfhz;l rhd;wpjo; epWtdkhd I.vk; . X. nfhz; L tptrhapfs; cw; g j; j p nra; A k; nghUl; f is fLikahd fz;fhzpg;G kw;Wk; kjPg;gPLfSf;F cl;gLj;jp toq;fg;gLfpwJ. N`hrfs;sp vd;w gFjpapy; Nful; kw;Wk; gPl;&l; gapupLk; ehfuh[; vd; w 66 taJ tptrhap nrhy;Yk;NghJ> Neubahf re;ijapy; tpw;gjd; %yk; mtUf;F epiwa gyd;fs; fpilg;gNjhL fle;j ehd;F tUlq;fspy; mthpd; tUkhdk; ,ul;bg;ghfp cs;sjhf njhptpf;fpwhh;. ‘re;ijapy; rhjhuz Nful;Lf;F re;ij tpiy &. 12-18 ,Uf;Fk; NghJ> rf[htpd; Kaw;rpahy; vdJ ,aw;if Kiwapy; tpistpf;fg;gl;l Nful;Lf;F &. 25-35 tiu fpilf; f pwJ. rf[htpd; Kaw;rpf;fhf xU rpwpjsT njhif fopj;jhYk; $l> vq;fspd; nghUl;fSf;F 60-80 tpOf;fhL mjpf tpiy fpilf;fpwJ” vd ehfuh[; $Wfpwhh;. ,e;j gFjpapy; cs;s tptrhapfs; rpW mstpy; 0.5 Vf; f h; Kjy; 2.5 Vf; f h; tiu epyq; f s; nfhz;bUe;jhYk;> mth;fs; xU fz;zpakhd tho;fi ; fia njhlu KbfpwJ. ,aw;if Kiwapy; fha;fwp cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; tptrhapfs; gy;NtW tifahd fha;fwpfis cw;gj;jp nra;tNjhL fhy; e ilfisAk; guhkhpg; g J> rj; J f; f is Fiwe;j mstpy; gad;gLj;JtijAk;> $Ljy; nghUshjhu rhjfq;fisAk; cWjpg;gLj;JfpwJ.  G Krishna Prasad and B Somesh Sahaja Samrudha No-7, 2nd Cross, 7th Main, Sulthanpalya, Bangalore-560 032 www.sahajasamrudha.org %yk;: yPrh ,e;jpah> [_d; 2015> thy;a+k; 17> ,jo; 2


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ePh; mWtil - ghuk;ghpa top [p. v];. cd;dpfpU\;zd; ehah; Nfzp]; my;yJ Gdpj fpzWfs; kw;Wk; Ruq;f];; ePh; Nrkpg;G kw;Wk; gy Mz;Lfshf ,Uf;Fk;; ePh; Mjhuq;fspd; epiyj;j gad;ghl;by; taehL goq;Fbapdhplj;jpy; ,Ue;j ghuk;ghpa mwpT kw;Wk; Qhdj;ij ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. Gwf;fzpf;fg;gl;l kjpg;G kpf;f ,e;j ghuk;ghpa mwpT ghJfhf;fg;gl Ntz;baNjhL vjph;fhy jiyKiwapdUf;Fk; vLj;Jr; nry;yg;gl Ntz;baJk; MFk;. ,e; j pahtpy; eP h ; mWtil vd; g J njhd; W njhl;L eilngw;W tUfpwJ. ePh; Nkyhz;ik vd;w fiyia ekJ Kd;Ndhh;fs; xOq;FgLj;jpAs;sdh;. gy;NtW ePh; mWtil mikg; G fs; kw; W k; eP h ; nfhz; L nry; Y k; Kiwfs; buh]; ,khyad; gFjpapy; cs;s [Pq;> Nkw;fj;jpa ,khya gFjpapy; cs;s Fy;> et;yh kw;Wk; fhl;hp> tl fpof;F kiyg;gFjpapy; cs;s %q;fpy; nrhl;L ePh; ghrd> fpof;F kiyj;njhlhpy; cs;s Nfhuk;g+> kj;jpa caukhd gFjpapy; cs;s jyhg;> Nkw;fj;jpa flw;fiu gpuNjrq;fspy; cs;s tph;jh];> fpof;fj;jpa caukhd epyg;gug;gpy;

cs;s flh];> jhh; ghiytdg;gFjpapy; cs;s Fz; l ; ] ; kw; W k; jf; f hz gP l g+kpapy; cs; s rpWT Nghd; w me; j e; j gFjpfSf; F Vw; w caph; r ; # oy; gFjp kw; W k; fyhr; r huj; j pw; F Vw;wtifapy; ,e;jpahtpy; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,JNghy; njd;dpe;jpahtpy; Nfus khepyj;jpy;

fiuahd; Gw;Wfspd; thpirAk; $l me;jg; gFjapy; jz;zh P ; mUNf ,Ug;gjw;fhd kw;nwhU milahskhFk;. yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

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taehL khtl;lj;jpy; cs;s gdk;Nfzp kw;Wk; fhrh;NfhL khtl;lj;jpy; cs;s Ruq;fh Mfpa ,uz;Lk; jdpj;Jtk; nfhz;l KiwfshFk;.

FUkh];]pd; Gdpj fpzWfs; Nfushtpd; taehL gFjpapy; cs;s goq;Fbapdh; gdpah];> FUkh];> mbahh;];> FUr;rpah];> Cuhyp]; kw; W k; fhl; L ehaf; f d; ] ; Nghd; w gy; N tW gphpTfis nfhz; L s; s J. Nfush khepyj; j py; cs; s FUkh]; goq; F bapdh; kpfTk; Kf;fpakhd> xU tpe;ijahd kw; W k; g+h; t P f jhtutpay; nray; g hLfis ngw; W s; s fyhr; r huj; i j nfhz; l jhFk; . Ks;S FUkh]; vd Fwpg;gplg;gLk; FUkh]; FOitr; Nrh; e ; j th; f s; Nfus khepyj; j pd; taehL gFjpapy; mjpfk; fhzg;gLfpd;wdh;;. taehl;bd; Muk;g fhy FbNawpfshf me;j khtl; l jpy; cs; s Ks; S FUkh]; Ey; G oh> fpld; f dhL> Kg; g pdhL> Kl; b y; > guf; f b> jpUney;yp gQ;rhaj;Jfspy; fhzg;gLfpd;wdh;. NkYk; ,e;j goq;Fbapdh; kde;jthb kw;Wk; mUfhikapy; cs; s jkpo; ehl; b d; eP y fhp khtl;lj;jpd; $lY}h; jhYf;fhtpw;F mUfpy; kpFjpahf fhzg;gLfpd;wdh;. jw;NghJ Ks;S FUkh]; > gaph; rhFgb nra; g th; f shfTk; > Ntl;ilahLgth;fshfTk; cs;sdh;. ‘gdk;Nfzp” vd;gJ Ff;fpuhkq;fspy; Ks;S FUkh]; gad;gLj;Jk; xU rpwg;G tif fpzwhFk;. ,e; j tifahd fpzWfs; FUkh]; f shy; E}W tUlq;fshf gad;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpwJ. Nfzp]; fhLfSf; F mUfpNyh. ney;gaphplg;gLk; tay;fspd; eLtpNy my;yJ Xuj;jpNyh fhzg;gLk;. rpypz;lh; tbtj;jpy; fhzg; g Lk; ,tw; w pd; tpl; l k; kw; W k; Mok; ehd;F mb kl;LNk ,Uf;Fk;. mjd; Rth; gdq; fopTfshy; fl; l g; g l; b Uf; F k; . (fh; N ahl; l h Cuz;];). nghJthf nghpa gdkuq;fspd; mb jz;L gFjpahdJ ku rpypz;lh;fs; cUthf;f gad;gLfpwJ. ,jid kpUJthf;f ePz;l Neuk; jz;zPhpy; Cw itg;gjd; %yk; mjd; cl;gFjp mOfp kw;Wk; rpije;J> fbdkhd ntspg;gFjp jdpahf ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;j ku rpypz;lh;fs;; vq;F ey;y epyj;jb ePH; Cw;Wfs; cs;sNjh mq;F %o;Fk; epiyapy; itf;fg;gLk;. Gijf;fg;gl;L tpLk; . ,J jhd; ntg; g k; epiwe; j Nfhil khjq;fspYk; $l mghpjkhd ePh; ,Ug;gjw;fhd ufrpakhFk;. ‘,e; j Nfzp]; vg; N ghJ cUthf; f g; g l; l J vd; g J vq; f Sf; F njhpahJ. Rkhh; 500 tUlq;fSf;F Kd;dhy; ,Uf;fyhk;. ,J vdJ Foe;ijg;gUtj;jpy; ,Ue;J fhzg;gLfpwJ. 14

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

ehq;fs; ,tw;iw Gdpj fpzWfshf fUJfpNwhk;. ngz;fs; khj tpyf;fpd; NghJk;> Foe;ij ngw;w 3 khjq;fs; tiuapYk; ,e;j fpzWfspy; ,Ue;J jz;zPh; vLf;f khl;Nlhk;. kw; w gb> Ff; f puhkj; j py; cs; s xt; n thU FLk;gKk; jpde;NjhWk; Fwpg;ghf Fbg;gjw;Fk;> rikg; g jw; F k; ,e; j fpzWfspy; ,Ue; J jz;zPH; vLj;Jf; nfhs;Nthk;. xU fhyj;jpYk; ,e;j jz;zPiu Fspg;gjw;Fk;> Jitg;gjw;Fk; ehq;fs; gad;gLj;jpajpy;iy. vdNt> Nfzpapd; jz; z P H ; khRglhJ. Nfustpd; tadhl; b y; kdjthb mUNf ,Uf; F k; gfk; goq; F b fhydpia rhh; e ; j 70 taJ epuk; g pa FUkh goq;Fb ngz; Njtfp nrhy;Yk; NghJ> NfzP]; mUNf nrUg;G mzpe;J nry;tij ghtkhd fhhpakhf ehq;fs; fUJfpd;Nwhk; vd;fpwhh;. jpUtpohf;fs; kw;Wk; jpUkz itgtq;fspd; NghJ ,e;j Nfzp jz;zPiu fOTtjw;Fk;> rikg;gjw;Fk; gad;gLj;JtJ xU gof;fkhf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. Nfzp Ff;fpuhkj;jpd; nrhj;J. ve;j xU jdp eghpd; nrhj;J my;y. Mokpy;yhj eP h ; epiyahf ,Ug; g jhy; xU kz; ghiz nfhz;L jz;zPiu vLg;gjw;F NghJkhdJ. Nfzp jz;zPuhdJ njspthdjhfTk;> Rj;jkhdjhfTk; ,Uf;Fk;. tUlk; KOtJk; jpde;NjhWk; Mapuk; ypl;lUf;Fk; Nky; jz;zPh; vLf;fg;gLfpwJ. Kd;ngy;yhk; FUkh]; Mfpa ehq;fs; kl;Lk; jhd; gdk; Nfzp]; ] py; ,Ue; J jz; z P h ; vLj; J f; nfhz; b Ue; N jhk; ; . jw; N ghJ kw; w r%fq;fs; kw;Wk; Gjpjhf te;J FbNawpth;fSk; $l jz;zPh; vLj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wdh;. mth;fs; vq;fisg;Nghy; Rj;jkhfTk;> Gdpjj; j d; i kAlDk; gad; g Lj; j Ntz; L k; vd;gij typAWj;Jtjpy;iy. jw;NghJ cs;s gdk;NfzP]; kpfTk; goikahdJk; NkYk;; mjd; kur;Rth;fs;; mOf Jtq;fptpl;ld. jw;NghJ ,J Nghd; w Nfzpia cUthf; F tjw; f hd epGzj;Jtk; ahhplKk; ,y;iy. gfk; gFjpapy; cs;s nty;yd; nrhy;Yk; NghJ rpy gFjpfspy; gdk; Nfzpia Rw; w p rpnkz; l ; cUisfs; nghUj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;fpwhh;. jw;NghJ taehl;by; fpl;lj;jl;l 200 Nfzpfs; cs; s d. ,e; j fpzWfs; gy Mz; L eP h ; Mjhuq;fs; vq;F cs;sJ vd;gij fz;lwpaTk;> ghJfhf;fTk; kw;Wk; njhlh;e;J mjid gad;gLj;JtjpYk; taehL goq;Fb kf;fspd; goikahd mwpitAk;> Qhdj;ijAk; gpujpgypf; f pwJ. etP d tho; f ; i f Kiwfspy; gofpg;Nghd Gjpa jiyKiwahdJ vjph;fhy


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xU nrq;Fj;jhd Ruq;f Nfzp yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

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gz; i zf; Fl; i lf; N fh my; y J Neubahf epyj; J f; F mbapy; eP h ; gha; ; r ; R k; tifapy; mik f; fg ; gl ;Ls;s t iy g;g pd ;d y ;fspy; ,izf;fg;gLk;. xU gz;izf; Fl;ilf;F gy Ruq;fh]; ePiuf; nfhLf;Fk;. Ruq;fh]; kw;Wk; gz;izf; Fl;ilfspy; ,Ue;J gaph;fSf;F mspf;fg;gLk; ePh; tpdpNahfkhdJ ifahNyh> thspahNyh> tbfhy;> Foha;> nrhl;L ePh; my;yJ ePh; njspg;ghd nfhz;L mspf;fg;gLk;. Nfush khepyk; fhrh; N fhL khtl; l j; j pd; vd; k f[P fpuhkj;ij Nrh;e;j rhy;th b];A]; vy;yhNk GtpaPhg ; G ; rf;jpapd; mbg;gilapy; jhd;> ve;j gk;G nrl;Lk; gad;gLj;jg;gLtjpy;iy vd $Wfpwhh;. rhy;th b];A];f;F 1.5 Vf;fh; epyk; cs;sJ. mjpy; mth; ntw;wpiy> ghf;F> Nfhf;Nfh kw;Wk; kpsF gaphpLfpwhh;. ePUf;F gw;whf;Fiw ,y;yhj fhuzj; j hYk; > fhy; e il %yk; fpilf; F k; cuq;fs; ey;y mstpy; fpilg;gjhYk;> ,e;j gaph; f s; nfhLf; F k; kf#y; nfhz; L ey; y tUkhdj;ij mth; ngWfpwhh;. ,e;j fpzWfspy; Nfhil fhyq;fspYk; $l mghpjkhd ePh; fpilg;gjhy; mJ rikaYf;F> Fspg;gjw;F kw;Wk; gaph;fSf;F gha;r;Rtjw;F vd midj;J NjitfSf;Fk; NghJkhdjhf ,Uf;fpwJ. Ma;tfq;fspy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l Ma; T fspd; mwpf; i ffs; Ruq; f j; j pd; eP h ; ,dpg; g hfTk; > Mo; J isFoha; fpzWfspy; fpilf;Fk; ePiu tpl Rj;jkhdjhf ,Ug;gJ tptrhapfs; fUj; J f; F Mjuthf cs; s J. Mz;L KOtJk; ePuhdJ Gtpaph;g;G rf;jpapd; %yk; Cw;wLj;J toptjhy; mjd; Cw;nwLf;Fk; msthdJ xU epkplj;jpw;F 600 ypl;lh; tiu gha;rr ; g;gLfpwJ vd Mtzg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. mg;Jy; rpj;jpf; jd;Dila 15 Vf;fh; epyj;jpy; Ruq;fh];rpy; ,Ue;J fpilf;Fk; ePiu epug;gp 3 nghpa Fsq;fis guhkhpj;J tUfpwhh;. xt;nthU Ruq;fhTk; xU kzp Neuj;jpw;F 500 ypl;lh; ePiuf; nfhLf;ff;$baJ. mjidf; nfhz;L

16

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

jdJ tPl;L Njitfs; kw;Wk; ghrdj;jpw;Fk; gad;gLj;jp nfhs;fpwhh;. ,e;j epyj;jp;y; ehd; njd;id> ghf;F> kpsF kw;Wk; thio gaphpLfpNwd;. vdJ ghy; gz;izapy; 50 vr;. vg;. tif fwit khLfs; itj;jpUf;fpNwd;. vy; y htw; w pw; F k; Ruq; f htpy; fpilf; F k; jz; z P h ; NghJkhdJ. vdf; F mghpjkhd eP h ; fpilj; j hYk; > rpf; f dkhf eP h ; g ; g hrd Kiwia ehd; filgpbf; f pNwd; . eP u hdJ gaphpd; Nth;fSf;F nry;tij cWjpg;gLj;Jk; tifapYk;> ePiu tpuakhf;fhkYk; ehd; thuk; xU Kiw kl;LNk ePh; gha;r;RfpNwd;. ,q;F ehq;fs; xU $l;LwT tifapyhd ePh;ghrd Kiwia filgpbf;fpNwhk;. cjhuzj;jpw;F xU tptrhap jdJ gaph;fSf;F Ruq;fj;jpy; ,Ue;J tUk; ePiug; gad;gLj;Jfpwhh; vd;why;> mtuJ Njitf;F mjpfkhd ePh; ,Ue;jhy; mth; kw;w tptrhapfs; mjid gad;gLj;Jk; mstpw;F tha;fhy; mikj;J cghpahd ePiu mth;fspd; gaph;fSf;F gha;r;Rth;. ehd; ey;y kf#iyAk;> ehs; xd;Wf;F 500 ypl;lh; ghiyAk; ngWfpNwd; vd mg;Jy; rpj;jpf; tpsf;Ffpwhh;. Ruq;fh]; kw;Wk; Nfzp ,uz;Lk; xg;gpLk;NghJk; kpfTk; kypthdJ> gaDs;sJ> caph;r;#oYf;F cfe;jJ kw;Wk; ,e;jg; gFjpapy; cs;s epiyj;j eP h ; g hrd njhopy; El; g q; f s; eP z ; l fhykhf gad;gLj;jg;gl;L tUfpwJ. epiyj;j #oypay; KiwfSf;F> ,e;j khjphpahd njhopy;El;gq;fs; njhlh; e ; J gad; g Lj; j p mjid fr; r pjkhf cUthf;fpaJ kpfTk; kjpg;G tha;e;jJ. 

G S UnniKrishnan Nair, Scientific Officer (Asst.Director of Agriculture) Kerala State Biodiversity Board, Jai Nagar L14, Medical College PO Thiruvananthapuram -695011 E-mail: vanchiyurunni@gmail.com; unni_krishnan1@hotmail.com

%yk;: yPrh ,e;jpah> nrg;lk;gh; 2015> thy;a+k; 17> ,jo; 3


epiyj;j kw;Wk; tise;JnfhLf;ff;$ba Ntshz;ik ngz;fis ,izg;Gf;FOtpd; Kaw;rpfs; $l;Lg;gz;izapd; xU cWg;gpdh; Ntiyapy; <Lgl;Ls;shh;.

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17


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gpd;dzpf;F cfe;j ghuk;ghpa> epiyj;j kw;Wk; tise;J nfhLf;Fk; Ntshz; nray;ghLfs; MFk;. ngz;fs; ,izg;Gf;FO MNuhf;fpakhd czT kw;Wk; MNuhf;fpakhd kz; ,it njhlh;ghd gy;NtW gapw;rpfs; kw;Wk; fUj;Jg;gl;liwfis elj;jpAs;sJ. tptrhapfs; gaph; ghJfhg;gpy;> caph; ,LnghUl;fs; kw;Wk; ,aw;if cuq;fs; cw; g j; j p nra; t jpYk; gapw; r p ngw; W s; s dh; . cs; @ hpy; fpilf; F k; ,LnghUl; f shd gRtpd; rhzk; > Nfhkpak; > ghy; ,itfis gad;gLj;jp Ntshz;ik ntspapL nghUl;fis rhh;e;jpUg;gijAk; nrytpdq;fisAk; Fiwg;gJ Fwpj;J fw;Wf; nfhz;ldh;. Ntiyg; Fiwthf ,y;yhtpl;lhYk;> Ntshz; caph;r;#oy; nray;ghLfs; epr;rpakhf rhFgb nrytpdq;fis Fiwj;Jk;> MNuhf;fpakhd FLk;gq;fs; cUthfTk;> mth;fspd; FLk;g czT cj; j puthjk; Nkk; g lTk; cjtpaJ. Xhpdg; g aph; f isf; fhl; b Yk; > fyg; G g; g aph; rhFgb Kiwia gpd; g w; w nra; J caphpdg; gd; k a ,aw; i f #oiy cUthf; f p ey; y 18

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

MW ngz;fs; Nrh;e;J xU FOthf ,ize;J $l;L Ntshz;ik Nkw;nfhs;s xg;Gf; nfhz;ldh;. $l;Lg; gz;izf;fhd nrytpdq;fs; midj;Jk; me;j MW cWg; g pdh; f shy; ghpe; J nfhs; t njdTk; > mNj Nghy; midj;J gaph;fspd; tpisr;rYk; rhprkkhf gphpj;J nfhs;tnjdTk;> kPjKs;sit ngz;fs; ,izg;Gf;FOtpd; cWg;gpdh;fSf;F tpw;WtpLtnjdTk; xg;ge;jk; Nkw; n fhs; s g; g l; l J. ,jd; mbg; g ilapy; [kP y hTk; kw; w cWg; g pdh; f Sk; mthpd; epyj;ij Ie;J tUlq;fSf;F gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs; tnjd xg; ge; jk; Nkw; n fhs; s g; g l; L ifNahg;gkplg;gl;lJ. thio> Fr; r pf; f poq; F > kw; W k; fha; f wpfs; gaphpLtJ vd jpl;lkplg;gl;lJ. ngz;fs; ,izg;Gf; FOthdJ Jtf;fepiy KjyPlhf &. 4000 nfhLj;jJ. gpNyhkpdhTk;> me;j cWg;gpdh;fSk; ,e;j $l;L Ntshz;ikf;fhd Kjy; fl;l Kaw;rp kw;wth;fisAk; <h;j;J vjph; f hyj; j py; mth; f Sk; ,Nj Nghy; $l;L Ntshz;ikapy; <LgLthh;fs; vd;w ek;gpf;ifapy; cs;sdh;.

kz; cUthfTk;> ey;y tpisr;riy nfhLg; g jhYk; mjidf; filgpbf; F k; g b cWg; g pdh; f s; Cf; f kspf; f g; g Lfpd; w dh; . ngz; tptrhapfs; Ntshz; caph; r ; # oy; nray; g hLfis filgpbg; g J> FLk; g j; j pd; czT cj;jputhjj;jpw;F Kd;Dhpik nfhLg; g jw; F k; ; rpwpa mstpy; cw; g j; j p nra;tjw;Fk;; MFk;. ,izg;Gf;FOtpy; cs;s midj;J cWg;gpdh;fSf;Fk; epyq;fs; my;yJ Fj;jif epyk; fpilf;fhtpl;lhYk;> mth;fs; rpwpa mstpy; tP l ; L f; fha; f wpj; Njhl; l k; mikg;gtjw;F Cf;fg;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. (ghh;f;f ngl;b nra;jp) cs;@h; #oy;> fyhr;rhuj;jpw;Fk;> mikg;gpw;Fk; Vw;w Cl;lr;rj;Jf;fs; epiwe;j rpWjhdpaq; f s; gaphpLtjw; F tptrhapfs;


<Lgl;L tUfpwJ. eilKiwapy; cs;s tq;fp Kiwfspy; mth;fs; flDjtp ngWtJ kpfTk; fbdkhf cs;sJ. rq;fj;jpy; cs;s xt;nthU cWg;gpdUk; khjk; xd;wpw;F &gha; 100 Nrfhpj;J mjid jq;fspd; tpijfs;> MNuhf;fpak; kw;Wk; fy;tp NjitfSf;Fk; nrytopf;fg;gLfpwJ. jkpo;ehl;by; ngz;fs; epyq;fspy; gzpGhptJ kpfTk; Fiwthf> mjhtJ Njhuhakhf 1 yl;rk; cWg;gpdh;fspy; xNu xU tpOf;fhL ngz;fNs epyj;ij nrhe;jkhf itj;Js;sdh;.

fy;gQ;[h

Cf; f g; g Lj; j g; g Lfpd; w dh; . rpWjhdpaq; f s; > ,e;j gFjpapd; ghuk;ghpa czthFk;. Mdhy; gRik Gul;rp Ntshz;ikahdJ ghuk;ghpa fyg;G gaph; rhFgb Kiwapy; ,Ue;J ney; rhFgbf;F khw; W tjw; F Cf; f g; g Lj; j paJ. Kf; f pakhf> jkpo; e hl; b d; ngUk; g hyhd khtl; l q; f spy; epyTk; jz; z P h ; jl; L g; g hl; b dhy; > ney; rhFgb kpfTk; fbdkhfp tUfpwJ. MfNt> ngz; f s; ,izg; G f; FOthdJ> jz; z P h ; jl;Lg;ghL kw;Wk; Cl;lr;rj;J FiwghL Nghd;w gpur;ridfis Fiwg;gjw;fhf rpWjhdpaq;fs; rhFgb nra;tij Cf;fg;gLj;jpaJ. ,izg;Gf;FO epy chpik kw;Wk; flDjtp ngWk; trjp ,y;yhjpUj;jy; Nghd;w gpur;ridfspy;

xU $l;likg;ghf> xUtUf;nfhUth; ,ize;J gzpahw; W tij gykhfTk; kw; W k; mth; f s; jiyth;fshfTk;> mth;fis ntspg;gLj;jpf; nfhs; s Tk; cw; r hfg; g Lj; j g; g Lfpd; w dh; . ,e; j r%f $l; l ikg; G ngz; f s; $l; L Ntshz;ikapd; %ykhf Fwpg;gpl;l mstpw;F czT cj; j puthjj; i j Nkk; g Lj; J tjw; F k; > NkYk; rq; f q; f s; mjpfkhd kf#y; kw; W k; epjp/ r%f cjtpfspd; thapyhf Vo;ikapdhy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;ig Fiwg;gjpy; ; ngz;fSf;F cjTfpwJ. ,e; j r%fj; j pd; Foe; i jfs; jq;fspd; md;idah;fs;> rNfhjhpfs; nghWg;Gfis vLj;Jk;> jq;fs; Fuiy vOg;gpAk; tUfpd; w hh; f s; vd; g ij ghh; f ; f KbfpwJ. Ntshz; ghuk;ghpaj;ij epiyepWj;Jk; Ntshz; caph; r ; # oy; gzpfspy; cs; s ngz; f is Kd; khjphpfshf ngw;Ws;sjhy; kw;w ,sk; ngz;fisAk; <h;f;fpwJ.  Sheelu Francis Leader, Women’s Collective Women’s Collective No.10, East Street, Kolattur Chennai – 600009, Tamil Nadu E-mail: womenscollective1@gmail.com Sara Calmius Intern, Women’s Collective E-mail: saracalmius@gmail.com %yk;: yPrh ,e;jpah> brk;gh; 2015> thy;a+k; 17> ,jo; 4

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

19


coth; ehl;Fwpg;G

,aw;ifNahL NghNthk; twl; r pf; F ngah; N ghd Nfhyhh; khtl; l j; j pd; eP d kd`s; s p fpuhkj;jpy; vd;. Mh;. re;jpuNrfh; vd;w tptrhap xU gRik Gul;rpia nfhz;L te;Js;shh;. fh;ehlf-Me;jpu gpuNjr khepyq;fspd; vy;iyg; gFjpapy; mike;Js;s ,e;j khtl;lk; mq;Fs;s Mapuf;fzf;fhd VhpfSf;F gpurpj;jp ngw;wJ. Mdhy; jw;NghJ VhpfSk;> fpzWfSk; tw;wpg; Ngha; epyj;jb ePh; 1200 mbf;Fk; fPNo nrd;Wtpl;lJ. ,e;j khtl;lj;jpy; [Pt ejpfs; VJTk; ,y;yhjjhy;> jz;zPh; ,y;yhky; gaph; tsh;gg ; J rhj;jpakpy;yhjjhf Mfptpl;lJ. ,e;j xU Nkhrkhd #o;epiyapy;> ,aw;if Ntshz; Kiwfis filgpbg;gJ kw;Wk; ,aw; i fapNyNa fpilf; F k; eP i u gad; g Lj; J tjhy; epiyj; j Ntshz;ikf;fhd topia re;jpuNrfh; fhl;Lfpwhh;. mtuJ 30 Fz; l h]; gz; i zapy; (fpl; l j; j l; l 0.75 Vf;fh;) re;jpu Nrfh; 500 gg;ghsp nrbfs;> 300 kh kuq;fs;> 1500 ky;nghp nrbfs;> 1500 Jtiur; nrbfs; kw;Wk; gPd;]; kw;Wk; NrhahgPd;]; Nghd;w CLgaph;fis gaphpl;Ls;shh;. Nfhyhh; khtl;lj;jpy; jq; f j; i j fhl; b Yk; jz; z P h pd; tpiy mjpfk; ,Ug;gjhy; 3mb Mok;> 3 mb ePsk;> 3 mb mfyj;jpw;F 40-45 Cw;Wf;Fopfis cUthf;fpAs;shh;. mNj Nghy; 2 mbf;F 2 mb ,ilntspapy; ,e;j Fop Kiwiag; gad; g Lj; j p Nfo; t uF el; L s; s hh; . ,e; j Fopapy; eP h ; Nrfhpf; f g; g LfpwJ. kz; z py; <ug; g jj; i jAk; > tsj; i jAk; ghJfhf; f mth; xt;nthU 4 FopfSf;Fk; gpwF n`g;gy; gPd;]; gaphpl;Ls;shh;. Nfo;tuF gaph; mWtil Kbe;jJk;> n`g;gy; gPd;]; kf#iyf; nfhLf;Fk;. ,tuJ 30 Fz;lh]; epyj;jpy; 70 mb ePsk;> 50 Mb mfyk; kw;Wk; 12 mb Moj;jpw;F xU gz;izf;Fl;ilia cUthf;fp mjpy; ePiu Nrfhpj;J jhtuq;fSf;F neUf;fb fhyq;fspy; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpwhh;. xt;nthU rJu mq;Fy kz;Zk; kpf Kf;fpakhdjhf mth; fUJfpwhh;. mth; NkYk; nfhs;S> rzy;> jf;ifg;g+z;L kw;Wk; gy ,Utpj;jpiy jhtuq;fis kz;zpd; tsj;ij Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhfTk;> mjd; thapyhf Nky; kz;zpy; jz;zi P u jf;fitg;gij cWjpg;gLj;Jfpwhh;. ,urhad cuq;fis gad;gLj;Jk; tptrhapfSf;F ,J xU rpwe;j khjphpahFk;. NkYk; mth; RghGy;> Msptpij kw;Wk; fpshprpbah epyj;jpd; tug; G fspy; gaphpl; L s; s hh; . ,e; j jhtuq; f spd; ,iyfis epyj;jpy; gug;gp mjd; %yk; kz;zpd; tsj;ij Nkk;gLj;jp ey;y kf#iy ngWfpwhh;. kpf Kf;fpakhf> mhpjhf fpilf;Fk; ePuhjuq;fis kpfTk; jpwikahf gad;gLj;Jfpwhh;. jhtuq;fSf;F ghl;by;fs; %yk; cztspf;fpwhh;. jhtuj;jpw;F 6 mq;Fyk; js;sp> Mdhy; jhtuj;jpd; NtUf;F mUfpy; JisAs;s ghl;biy Gijj;J itf;fpwhh;. Nfhilapy; ,e;j ghl;by;fspy; ePiu epug;gp mJ Mtpahtjw;F 20

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d;; 2016

re;jpu Nrfh;> xU Kd;khjphp ,aw;if tptrhap.

gjpyhf jhtuj;jpd; NtUf;F fpilg;gij cWjp nra;fpwhh;. cjhuzj;jpw;F> kh kuj;jpw;F jz;zPh; ,J Nghy; Cw;w Ntz;Lnkdpy; 300 jhtuq;fSf;F 300 ghidfs; Njitg;gLk;. Mdhy; ,e;j Gjpa Kiwapy; > xU ghid jz; z P i uf; nfhz; L 26 nrbfSf;F jz;zhP ; mspf;fpwhh;. xl;L nkhj;jj;jpy; 12 ghid jz;zPh; jhd; gad;gLj;jg;gLj;jp> ,jd; %yk; 288 ghid jz;zPh; Nrkpf;fpwhh;. NkYk;> Neuk; kw;Wk; Kaw;rpfs; Nrkpf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,t;topapy;> mth; Fiwe;j jz;zPh; nfhz;L mjpf kf#y; vLf;fpwhh;. 2010 y; mth; xU gUtfhyj;jpy; 20 ld;fs; kf#iy mWtil nra;Js;shh;. gg;ghsp mWtil Kbe;jTld; khk;goq;fis ngWfpwhh;. NkYk; mth; jdJ gz;izapy; NjdP tsh;g;gpYk; <Lgl;L;s;shh;. ,g;gFjpapy; ,aw;if Ntshz;ikf;F re;jpuNrfh; xU Kd; D jhuzkhf jpfo; f pwhh; . Njitaw; w Ntshz; nrytpdq; f Sf; F ,th; Kw; W g; G s; s p itj;jNjhL> mNj Neuj;jpy; jdJ tho;thjhuj;ij ,aw;if Ntshz;ikapd; thapyhf> ve;j ,urhad ,LnghUl;fs; ,d;wp mikj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;shh;. ,e;j khjphpia nfhz;L ,thpd; topia tptrhapfs; gpd;gw;wpdhy; fbdkhf #o;epiyapYk; gyid mWtil nra;a KbAk; vd;gij nra;J fhl;bAs;shh;. tUq;fhy re;jjpapdh; Rw;Wr;#oYf;F NkYk; ,og;Gfs; ,d;wp tho KbAk; vd ngUikahf nrhy;fpwhh;. N R Chandrashekhar Organic farmer and progressive farmer Nenumanahalli Kolar Taluk, Kolar District, Karnataka Tel: 08152 238971 Mobile: 9448342803

%yk;: yPrh ,e;jpah> nrg;lk;gh; 2015> thy;a+k; 17> ,jo; 3

Tamil - June 2016  

LEISA India

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