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,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017


yP r h ,e; j pah jkpo; rpwg;gpjo; This issue in Tamil is a translated version of LEISA India magazine. This includes selected articles from LEISA India, originally published in English. Address : ame Foundation No. 204, 100 Feet Ring Road, 3rd Phase, Banashankari 2nd Block, 3rd Stage, Bangalore - 560 085, India Tel:

+91-080- 2669 9512, +91-080- 2669 9522

Fax:

+91-080- 2669 9410

E-mail: leisaindia@yahoo.co.in

Leisa India Chief Editor : K.V.S. Prasad Managing Editor : T.M. Radha

yPrh vd;gJ Fiwe;j ntspapL nghUs; kw;Wk; epiyj;j Ntshz;ik vd;gjd; RUf;fkhFk;. Rw;Wr;RoYf;F cfe;j topfspy; cw;gj;jpiaAk;> tUkhdj;ijAk; ngUf;f tpUk;Gk; coth;fSf;F njhopw;El;g kw;Wk; r%f hPjpapyhd tha;g;Gfis cs;slf;fpajhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ cs;@h; ts Mjhuq;fs; kw;Wk; ,aw;ifapd; Nghf;Ffis msTld; gad;gLj;jp Njitg;gLk; NghJ ghJfhg;ghd msT ntspaPL nghUl;fis jpwd;gl ifahs;tjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ Mz; kw;Wk; ngz; coth;fis> me;j r%fj;ij Ragyk; kpf;fth;fshfTk;> rf;jp kpf;fth;fshfTk; khw;wp mjd;%yk; mth;fspd; vjph;fhyj;ij jq;fs; nrhe;j mwpT> jpwik>kjpg;gL P > fyhr;rhuk; kw;Wk; mikg;Gfis mikf;f cjTtjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ khwptUk; #oy;fs; kw;Wk; NjitfSf;F Vw;g coth;fs; kw;Wk; ,ju gq;Fjhuh;fspd; jpwikfs;> gq;Nfw;G mZFKiwfs; %yk; gyg;gLj;JtjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ ghuk;ghpa mwpitAk;> mwptpay; g+h;tkhd mwpitAk; ,izj;J mjd;%yk; nfhs;if cUthf;fj;jpy; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jp vjph;fhy tsh;r;rpf;F rhjfkhd #oiy cUthf;FtjhFk;. yPrh vd;gJ xU fUj;J> xU mZFKiw kw;Wk; tpNtfkhd nra;jp.

Translated by Suresh Kanna. K Translation coordination Poornima Administration Rukmini G. G. Design and Layout M.S. Vasanth Christopher Printing L.S. Graphic Prints, Chennai Cover photo Women’s group meeting in progress Photo: MSSRF Different editions • Regional Editions Telugu, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Punjabi and Oriya • Farming Matters The Global edition in English • LEISA Revista de Agroecologia The Latin American edition in Spanish • LEISA India The Indian edition in English • AGRIDAPE The West African edition in French • Agriculturas, Experiencias em Agroecologia The Brazilian edition in Portuguese

The editors have taken every care to ensure that the contents of this magazine are as accurate as possible. The authors have ultimate responsibility, however, for the content of individual articles. The editors encourage readers to photocopy and circulate magazine articles.

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Supported by MISEREOR, Published by AME Foundation yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017


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tpij Nrfhpf;Fk; Kiw fq; F thiu Nrh; e ; j mQ; r k; k h Jtiu> NfhJik my; y J gl; l hzp tpijfis Nrfhpj;J itg;gjw;F xU top itj;Js;shh;. Kjypy; %q;fpy; $ilahdJ rhzp kw;Wk; NrW fye;J nkhOfp itf;fg;gLfpwJ. mjd; gpwF Jtiu XLfs; mbapYk; Nkw;Gwj;jpYk; epug;gg;gLfpwJ. Nrfhpf;f Ntz;ba Kf;fpakhd tpijia ,uz;L mLf;FfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; nfhl; b itf; f pwhh; . mjd; gpd; Nky; G wk; Ntg; g ,iyia epug; G fpwhh; . mjd; g pd; gRQ;rhzk;> NrW kw;Wk; rhk;gy; fyitia nfhz; L $ilia nkhOfp tpLfpwhh; . ,J tpijfis mWtilf;F gpd; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;Gfs; kw;Wk; ,og;Gfis jLf;fpwJ. nghJthf> mbj;njLj;jgpd; Jtiu XLfs; mg;Gwg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd. Mdhy; ,tuJ tpraj;jpy; tpijfis Nrkpg;gjw;fhd xU rpwe; j nghUshf gad; g LfpwJ. ,jpy; cs;s mwptpay; gpd;dzp vd;dntd;why;> Jtiu XLfspy; cs; s khypf; mkpyk; tpijfis Nrkpj;J itf;Fk; NghJ tUk; g+r;rpfSf;F xUtpjkhd vhpr;riy mspf;Fk;. ,e;j tifapy; ghuk;ghpa njhopw;El;gq;fs; Fwpj;J tptrhapfs; gfph;e;J nfhs;Sk; NghJ mjw;F Mjuthd mwptpay; tpsf;fq;fs; jug;gLfpwJ. Nghd; w tw; w pw; F mjd; gy; N tW gad; f spd; mbg; g ilapy; mjpfgl; r khf 91 kjpg; n gz; fpilj;jJ. ,urhad cuq;fs; ngUkstpw;F jhtuq;fSf;F Njitahd rj;Jf;fis mspf;Fk; jpwid nfhz; L mjw; F Fiwe; j gl; r khf 19 kjpg; n gz; kl; L Nk fpilj; j J. Fiwe; j kjpg; n gz; ngw; w itfspy; cs; s cz; i k

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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

vd;dntd;why; mit nryT mjpfk; nfhz;litfshfTk;> cs;@hpy; fpilf;fhj nghUshfTk; > Rw; W r; # oYf; F vjpuhfTk; > kz;zpd; MNuhf;fpaj;ij Nkk;gLj;Jtjpy; ve;j cjtpAk; nra;ahJ vd;gJ jhd;. xl;L nkhj;jkhf 46 kz;ly;fspy; cs;s 12 gphpTfspy; 205 tphpthf;fg; gzpahsh;fs; kw;Wk; Ntshz; tphpthf;f Nky;kl;l mjpfhhpfs; cl;gl khtl;lj;jpy; mbkl;l mstpy; cs;s tphpthf;fg; gzpahsh; f s; cs; @ h; ,aw; i f Ntshz; Kiwfspy; gapw;Wtpf;fg;gl;ldh;.

mwpit gutyhf;Fjy; ed;F gapw;rp ngw;w tphpthf;fg; gzpahsh;fs; ,aw;if Ntshz;ik Fwpj;j mwpit khtl; l j; j py; cs; s kw; w tptrhapfSf; F gutyhf;Ftjpy; Jbg;ghd gq;if nrYj;jpdh;. gutyhf;fk; nra;ag;gl;l ,aw;if top Ntshz; njhopw; E l; g q; f spy; > kz; G O cuf; fiury; vd;fpw xU njhopw;El;gk; tptrhapfspd; KO ftdj;ijAk; <h;j;J Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. khtl; l j; j py; cs; s Ntshz; tphpthf; f g; gzpahsh;fspd; mwpit gyg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf vLf;fg;gl;l ,e;j Kaw;rp> ,e;j epWtdj;ij caphpd gd;kaj;ij mbg;gilahf nfhz;l ,aw;if Ntshz;ik mwpTf;fhd kj;jpa ikak; cUthf;fp cs;sJ. ,J kw;w khtl;lj;jpy; cs;s tptrhapfspd; ftdj;ijAk; <h;j;J tUfpwJ. Vara Prasad Chittem Scientist-Agricultural Extension DDS Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Zaheerabad, Medak, Telangana E-mail: varachittem@gmail.com

%yk;: yPrh ,e;jpah> khh;r; 2016> thy;a+k; 18> ,jo; 1


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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

9


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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

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cs;Sh; ufk; ghuk;ghpa njhopy; El;gq;fs; T9 (&)

Nfhil coT

550

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gz;izf;fopT cuk; (2 buhf;lh; NyhL)

3600

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500 (,ae;jpu tpijg;G)

200

fis Nkyhz;ikf;fhd nryT

600

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2000

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31500

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10100

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epfu tUkhdk; (&./Vf;fh;)

21400

5600

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tptrhapfs; gq;if fzprkhf Nkk;gLj;jpaJ. ,J mWtilf;Fg;gpd; Vw;gLk; ,og;GfisAk; Fiwf;fpwJ. ,e;j mZFKiwfs; toq;fy;Njit ,ilntspia ,izf; F k; gykhf kw;Wk; jhdpa kw;Wk; gUg;G Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; Nkk; g hl; L f; F > Fwpg; g hf Fiwthd kw; W k; eLj;ju tUkhdj;NjhL mjpfkhd Cl;lr;rj;J FiwghL cs;s ehLfSf;F Fwpg;gplj;jf;f msT Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij mspf;fpwJ. kf#Yf;fhd jilfis cilj;Jk;> caphpay; kw;Wk; capuw;w mOj;j fhuzpfis jhq;fpAk; kw;Wk; gUg;G kugpay; fhuzpfis tphpTgLj;JtJk; rh;tNjr gUg;G Mz;L 2016 f;fhd rthyhf ,Uf;fpwJ. yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

11


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12

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

ed; w pAld; epidTug; g LfpwJ. jpl; l j; j pw; F xl;L nkhj;j topfhl;Ljy;fs; mspj;j vk;.v]; Rthkpehjd; M uha; r ; r p epWtdj; j pd; nray; ,af;Feh; mth;fSf;F ghuhl;Lf;fs;.  R S Shanthakumar Hopper Director, Ecotechnology M.S.Swaminathan Research Foundation, 3rd Cross Street, Taramani Institutional Area, Chennai 600113 E-mail: hopper@mssrf.res.in %yk;: yPrh ,e;jpah> [_d; 2018> thy;a+k; 16> ,jo; 2


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13


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yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

Mz;by; nkhj;jk; 1800 tptrhapfshy; 117000 go kuq;fs; elg;gl;ld. 2016 Mk; Mz;L [_iy ,Wjpapy;> 6000 j;jpw;Fk; Nkw;gl;l FLk;gq;fs; FLk; g Ntshz; i kia gpd; g w; w njhlq; f p tpl;ld. mjd; tpisthf 2013-14 kw;Wk; 201516 Mz;L gUtq;fspy; 120 tpOf;fhL msTf;F epyg;gad;ghL mjpfhpf;fg;gl;L mjpy; FLk;g Ntshz; Kiwfs; gpd;gw;wg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. nghJthf> ,e;jg;gFjpapy; tpistpf;fg;gl;l jhdpaq;fs; kw;Wk; gUg;G tiffs; me;je;j FLk;gq;fshNy Efug;gl;L> cghpahf ,Ue;j nghUl;fis tpw;wjd; %yk; FLk;g tUkhdj;jpw;F cjtpaNjhL Foe;ijfspd; fy;tp kw;Wk; MNuhf;fpak; n jhlh ; gh d nrytpdq;fis ghh;j;Jf;nfhs;sTk; cjtpaJ.

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czT ,iwahz;ik czT KiwahdJ> rpW tptrhapfSf; F ey;y MNuhf;fpaj;ij> ePjpia> khpahijia cWjpg; g Lj; j pAs; s J. ,J tptrhapfSf; F > tptrhaj;jpy; cs;s xt;nthU mk;rq;fspYk;> Fwpg;ghf mth;fspd; epyk;> ePh;> fhL> tpijfs; kw;Wk; tUkhdk; vd midj;ijAk; mth;fspd; fl;Lg;ghl;by; itj;jpUf;f cjtpAs; s J. Nkk; g Lj; j g; g l; l tpopg; G zh; T kw;Wk; jpwd;fspdhy; ,e;j tptrhapfspdhy;

Ntshz; caph;r;#oy; nray;ghLfspd; gad;fs; Ntshz; caph;r;#oy; nray;ghLfs; cohj Ntshz;ik

gad;fs; ,J kz;zpd; tsj;ij Nkk;gLj;JfpwJ. mjpy; ,aw;if kl;Fg; nghUl;fis nfhz;L kz; GJg;gpf;fg;gLtJk;> ePh; CLUtJk;> ePiu gpbj;J itj;Jf;nfhs;Sk; jpwDk; mlq;Fk;. xUq;fpize;j rj;Jf;fs; Nkyhz;ik kz; G O cuk; > kl; F cuk; > jput cuk; > gRe; j hs; cuk; > jior;rj;ij kz;zpy; epiyepWj;Jk; jhtuq;fs; Nghd;wtw;iw gad;gLj;JtJtjhy;; ,urhad cuq;fspd; gad;ghL FiwAk;. GJikahd kz; kw;Wk; ePh; ghJfhg;G kz;zhpg;G jLf;fg;gl;L kz; tsk; mjpfhpf;fpwJ. NkYk;> Kiwfs; rkcau tug;Gfs;> gs;sq;fs; kw;Wk; tug;Gfs;> gpiw tbt tug;Gfs; Nghd;witfs; mikf;fg;gl;L <ug;gjk; epiyepWj;jg;gLfpwJ. CLgaph;fs; kw;Wk; fyg;G gaph;fs; epyj; j pd; cw; g j; j pj; j pwd; kw; W k; gaphpd; cw; g j; j pAk; mjpfhpf;fg;gLfpwJ. tptrhapfSf;F mth;fspd; gaph; rhFgb ,y;yhj gUtq;fspYk; MNuhf;fpakhd tUkhdj;ij jUfpwJ. gaph;fNshL fhy;eilfis ,izg;gJ mjpf ,iyjiofs; fpilf;f cjTtNjhL mjpfglr rj;Jf;fs; kW Row;rp mspj;J > nghUshjhuj;ij fhy;eilfs; tsh;g;gpd; topahf gyg;gLj;JfpwJ. tpij kw;Wk; jhdpa tq;fpfs; tpij kw; W k; jhdpa tq; f pfs; mjpf tl; b f; F fld; jUk; fe;Jtl;bf;fhuh;fis ek;gpapUf;Fk; Nghf;if Fiwj;J > re;ijAk; Ra epiyj;jjd;ikf;F ,l;Lr; nry;fpwJ. mjd; %yk; gUtepiy khw;wk; kw;Wk; czT cj;jputhjk; njhlh;ghf njhlh;e;J tUk; rpf;fy;fis rkhspf;f cjTfpwJ yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

15


Rkdp N[[hbah: khw;wk; cUthf;fpath; Rkdp N[[hbah vd;gth; xbrh khepyj;jpd; uhafl;lh khtl;lj;jpy; fhrPg;g+h; tl;lj;jpy; cs;s rphpFlh fpuhkj;ij Nrh;e;j 62 taJila ngz;kzp. Kd;ngy;yhk;> Rkdp N[[hbah kiyr; rhpTfspy; ,lk; khw;wp nra;Ak; rhFgbia nra;J te;jhh;. mg;NghJ mth; FLk;gj;jpd; Njitf;fhf Nfo;tuFk;> ney;Yk; rhFgb nra;thh;. Mdhy;> gy tUlq;fSf;F Kd; nra;a Muk;gpj;j Ntshz; caph;r;#oy; rhFgbahy; mtuJ FLk;g epiyapy; nghpJk; khw;wk; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. Rkdp N[[hbah czT cj;jputhjj;jpw;F gy gaph; rhFgbia nra;J tUfpwhh;. fyg;G gapuhdJ xU Mz;Lf;Fs; ed;F tsh;tjw;F cjTfpwJ. mth; re;jpj;j kpfg;nghpa gpur;rid ePh; nfhLg;gJjhd;> mJjhd; me;j fpuhkk; KOf;f kpfg;nghpa gpur;ridahf ,Ue;jJ. mf;fpuhkj;jpd; ,isQh;fs; kw;Wk; Kjpath;fs; xd;wpize;J mUfpy; ,Ue;j ePNuhilia jq;fs; epyq;fSf;F jpUg;gp jz;zPiu nfhz;L te;jdh;. ,e;j cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;l ePh;g;ghrdk; mth;fspd; gz;izapy; tUlk; KOf;f gaph;rhFgb nra;a cjtpaJ. ePh; nfhz;L tUtjw;fhf ntl;lg;gl;l tha;f;fhypy; kio ePh; Njq;fp epyj;jb ePUk; mjpfhpj;jJ. jw;NghJ> Rkdp N[[hbah fha;fwpfs; kw;Wk; gokuf;fd;Wfs; rhFgb nra;J tUfpwhh;. NkYk; 6 tifahd kh tiffspy; ehw;wq;fhy; mikj;Js;shh;. mtuJ nghUl;fis cs;@h; re;ijahd fhrPgg; +hpy; tpw;fpwhh;. 2015 Mk; Mz;by; 6 tifahd kh tiffspy; 5000 fd;Wfs; tsh;j;J mjpy; Vw;fdNt 6000 xl;Lf;fl;lg;gl;l nrbfis 2016 tiuf;Fk; xU fd;Wf;F &. 25 tPjk; tpw;W &.150000/- tUkhdk; <l;bAs;shh;. mtuJ FLk;gj;jpw;F tUlk; KOf;f czT Njit g+h;j;jpahfpwJ. me;j fpuhkj;jpy; cs;s tpij kw;Wk; jhdpa tq;fpapy; Nrkpf;fg;gl;L mf;fpuhkj;jpy; cs;s 56 FLk;gq;fSf;F 3 tUlq;fSf;F Njitahd tpij kw;Wk; jhdpaq;fs; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ehd; jw;NghJ vdJ gz;izapy; epiwa fha;fwpfs; kw;Wk; goq;fs; tsh;j;J tUfpNwd;. ehq;fs; vq;fSf;F Njitahd kl;Fcuj;ij jahhpj;J nfhs;fpNwhk;> mjw;F Njitahd ePUk; vq;fsplk; cs;sJ. vdJ Nguf;Foe;ijfs; vq;fisg;Nghy; grp gl;bdpia re;jpf;f Ntz;bajpy;iy. mth;fs; cz;Ztjw;F Njitahd MNuhf;fpakhd czT vq;fsplk; cs;sJ. jw;NghJ ehd; vdf;Fk; > mLj;j jiyKiwf;Fk; Ntz;ba tho;thjhuj;jpw;F epiyahd Mjhuj;ij ngw;Ws;Nsd; vd Rkdp N[[hbah Gd;difNahLk;> kdepiwNthLk; njhptpf;fpwhh; czT Kiwfs; > njhopw; K iw Ntshz; i k kw; W k; th; j ; j f nfhs; i ffs; Nghd; w tw; w py; xd;Wf;nfhd;W cs;s ,izg;Gj;jd;ikia ghh;f;f KbfpwJ.

KbTiu Nt sh z; ca ph;r;#oy; Ki wahdJ rpW tptrhapfSf;F ek;gpf;ifaspf;Fk; Kiwahf cUthfp tUfpwJ. ,e;j mZFKiwahdJ> rpW tptrhapfSf;F tho;thjhuj;ij mspg;gNjhL kl; L ky; y hJ> gRikg; G ul; r p kw; W k; kugZ Gul;rp %yk; fhh;g;gNul; Ntshz; khjphpfis

Nkk;gLj;jg;gl;l tpog;Gzh;T kw;Wk; jpwd;fspdhy; ,e;j tptrhapfspdhy; czT Kiwfs;> njhopw;Kiw Ntshz;ik kw;Wk; th;jj ; f nfhs;iffs; Nghd;wtw;wpy; xd;Wf;nfhd;W cs;s ,izg;Gj;jd;ikia ghh;ff ; KbfpwJ. 16

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

vjph; g ; g jw; f hd topahfTk; mike; J s; s J. cyfpd; gl;bdpia KbTf;F nfhz;L tu ehk; mjpf czit cw;gj;jp nra;a Ntz;bajpy;iy. cyfpw;F cz;ikapNyNa czT cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; kf;fSf;F epahkhd czT Kiwia cUthf;fp nfhLg;gJ jhd; ehk; nra;a Ntz;baJ. rpW tptrhapfSf;F cz;ikapNy NjitahdJ vd;dntd;why; mth;fs; gad;gLj;Jtjw;F epyk;> ePh;> fhLfs; kw;Wk; mbg;gil fl;likg;G NritfNs jtpu kugZ khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l gaph; f Nsh> nghpa mstpyhd Ntshz; i k my; y J cyf re; i jNah my; y . mjw; f hd gazk; Vw;fdNt njhlq;fptpl;lJ.  Kulaswami Jagannath Jena Project Coordinator in ECO VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT, Agragamee, Kashipur, Rayagada, Odisha, India. www.agragamee.org E-mail id: kulaswami13@gmail.com %yk;: yPrh ,e;jpah> nrg;lk;gh; 2016> thy;a+k; 18> ,jo; 3


fyg;G gaph; rhFgb Kiw - gUtepiy khw;wj;jpdhy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;Gfis vjph;nfhs;s tptrhapfSf;F rpwe;j top Nf. RNu\; fz;zh kw;Wk; jp. tp[p gpd;dzp ehl; b y; cs; s kw; w ,lq; f isg; NghyNt> jkpo;ehl;bd; GJf;Nfhl;il khtl;lj;jpy; cs;s Nfhtpy; tPuf;Fb vd;w rpW fpuhkKk; fle;j 5 tUlq; f shf twl; r papd; nfhLikia mDgtpj;J tUfpwJ. gUtepiy khw;wj;jpd; fhuzkhf> jl; g ntg; g k; ,e; j g; gFjpapy; kpfTk; mjpfhpj; J tUfpwJ. NghJkhd msT kiog; n ghopT ,y; y hj kw; W k; njd; fpof;F gUtkio vy;yh ,lq;fspYk; rkkhf nga;ahj fhuzj;jhy; Ntshz;ikf;Fk; kw;Wk; FbeP U f; F k; $l fLikahd gw; w hf; F iw epytp tUfpwJ. njhlh; twl;rpapd; fhuzkhf xt;nthU tUlKk; epyj;jb ePUk; Ntfkhf fPNo ,wq;fp tUfpwJ. gy ,lq;fspy; Ntshz;ik Kw; w pYkhf ghjpf; f g; g l; L epiwa Ntshz; FLk;gq;fs; mUfpy; cs;s efh;g;Gwq;fSf;F gpiog;Gj; Njb ,lk; ngah;eJ ; nry;tJ fl;lhakhd epiyikahf ,Uf;fpwJ. NkYk; twl;rpahd Mz;Lfspy; jPtdg; gw;whf;Fiw Vw;gLtjhy; tptrhapfs; jq;fspd; fhy;eilfis fhg;ghw;w Kbahky; Fiwe;j tpiyf;F tpw;Fk; epiyf;F js;sg;gl;L tUfpd;wdh;. ,e;j njhlh; twl;rp kw;Wk; Ntshz; neUf;fb epiyapYk; > rpy tptrhapfs; gUtepiy khw;wj;jpd; jhf;fq;fis Kd;$l;bNa Ghpe;J nfhz;L mjw;F Vw;w hw;Nghy; gaph; rhFgb Kiwfis khw; w paikj; J Ntshz; i kapy; ntw;wp ngUtNjhL> kw;w tptrhapfSf;F Kd; khjphpahfTk; jpfo;fpd;wdh;. me;j tifapy; jpU. fiyr;nry;td; vd;w tptrhap gUtepiy khw; w q; f spd; jhf; f j; i j Ghpe; J nfhz; L Ntshz; i kapy; gaph; r hFgb Kiwapy; rpy khw;wq;fis nra;J ntw;wp fz;Ls;shh;. ,th; jkpo;ehl;bd;> GJf;Nfhl;il khtl;lk;> Nfhtpy; tPuf;Fb vd;w fpuhkj;ijr; Nrh;ej ; Mh;tkpf;f xH; ,sk; tptrhap. ,tUf;F nrhe;jkhf 7 Vf;fh; tptrha epyk; cs;sJ. mjpy; ney;> epyf;fliy> gUj;jp kw;Wk; rpWjhdpaq;fs; Nghd;w gaph;fis rhFgb nra; J tUfpwhh; . me; j fpuhkj; j py; Ntshz; i kapd; Nky; Mh; t Kila ,sk;

tptrhapfspy; ,tUk; xUth;. FLk;gk; vd;fpw njhz; L epWtdk; elj; J fpd; w epiyj; j Ntshz;ik njhlh;ghd gapw;rpfspy; Mh;tKld; fye;J nfhz;L jhd; fw;w tpraq;fis jdJ gz; i zapYk; kw; W k; rf tptrhapfsplk; gfph;e;J nfhs;thh;. mbg;gilapy; ,th; Gjpa tpraq;fis fz;Lgpbg;gjpy; Mh;tk; kpf;fth;. NkYk; fpuhkg;Gw gFjpapy; cs;s tptrhapfSf;F Ntshz;ik jhd; Mjhuk; kpf;f njhopy; vd;gjpy; ek;gpf;if nfhz; l th; . vdNt> ,tuJ mZFKiw vg; N ghJk; kw; w tptrhapfsplkpUe; J rw; W khWgl; L > jdJ gz; i z xU Muha; r ; r pf; fskhf khw; w p njhlh; ghpNrhjidfis Nkw;nfhs;thh;. ,thpd; ,e;j rpwg;G gz;Gfs; cs;@hpy; gq;Nfw;G cj;jputhj Kiw vd;fpw ,aw;if tptrhapfs; FOtpw;F jiytuhfTk; Njh;T Mf cjtpaJ.

Gjpa Kiw Ntshz;ikf;F tpj;jpl;l Neuk;: fle;j 5 tUlq;fSf;Fk; Nkyhf ,th; ,aw;if Ntshz; Kiwfspy; cs;s gy njhopw; El;gq;fis jdJ gaph; rhFgbapy; filgpbj;J te;jhYk;> jd; i d xU ntw; w pfukhd tptrhapahf ep&gpf;f Kbatpy;iy. gaph; rhFbapy; mtuJ nrytpdq;fs;> Fwpg;ghf $ypahl;fs; rk;gsk;> g+r;rp Neha; Nkyhz;ik Nghd;wtw;wpy; mth; epidj; j J Nghy; nghpjhf Fiwatpy; i y. jd;dplk; cs;s xNu ePh; Mjhukhd fpzw;W eP i u gad; g Lj; j p xhpdg; g apuhd ney; i y njhlh; e ; J rhFgb nra; j jhy; > xt; n thU Mz;Lk; ePh; kl;lk; Fiwe;J nfhz;Nl te;jJ. ,jw;fhd fhuzq;fis rw;W mf;fiuNahL Nahrpf;f Muk;gpj;j NghJjhd;> jdJ Ntshz; Kiwapy; VNjh rpy Kf;fpakhd mk;rq;fs; tpLggl;;Ls;sJ vd;gij rpe;jpf;f Muk;gpj;jhh;. mg;NghJjhd;> mth; Nkw;nfhz;L tUk; xhpdg; gapuhd ney; rhFgbf;F mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLg; g Jk; > njhlh; twl; r pAk; > gUtkio ngha; g ; g J njhlh; e ; J eilngWk; epfo; t hf yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

17


,Uf;Fk; Ntisapy; ,J kpfg;nghpa Mgj;jpy; Ngha; KbAk; vd czh;e;jhh;. ,ij czh;ej ; Tld; jdJ gaph; rhFgb Kiwapy; khw;wk; nfhz;L tu KbT nra;J> Fwpg;ghf jd; d plk; cs; s eP h ; Mjhuq; f s; msitf; nfhz; L gy gaph; rhFgbia ghpNrhjid Kiwapy; nra;J ghh;ff ; KbT nra;jhh;. mjw;fhf jd;Dila epyj;jpy; cs;s 75 nrd;l; epyg;gFjpia gy gaph; rhFgbf;F vLj;Jf; nfhz;L mjpy; fP o ; f z; l gaph; f is ,izj; J gaphpl; l hh; . mjd; g b jd; D ila gy gaph; rhFgbf; F epyf;fliyia Kf;fpa gapuhf Njh;T nra;J nfhz; l hh; . mjDld; Jtiu> jl; i lgaph; > ghrpg; g apW Nghd; w tw; i w CLgapuhf gaph; nra;jhh;. ePhpidjpwikahf gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s ePh; gha;r;Rk; fiufspy; ntq;fhaj;ij Cd;wp> mNj Nghy; tug;gpy; vs;Sg;gapiu tpijj;jhh;. epyf;fliyf;F ,uz;lhk; fis vLf;Fk; NghJ kz;zpy; ,Ue;j <ug;gjj;ij fz;L> mjpy; gUj;jp tpijfis ,ilNa Cd;wp itj;jhh;. mNj Nghy; epyf;fliy mWtil nra;jTld; FWfpa fhy gaWtiffisAk; tpijj;jhh;.

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njhif (&) 13000 2000 15000 7685 7315


ml;ltiz 2: gy gaph; rhFgb Kiwapy; - nryTk; tuTk; (epyg;gug;G 75 nrd;l;) t.vz;. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17 18. 19.

nrytpdq;fs; nrytpdq;fs; msT epyf;fliy tpij 25 fpNyh Jtiu tpij 2 fpNyh cSe;J tpij 1.5 fpNyh ghrpg;gapW tpij 1/2 fpNyh jl;ilg;gapW tpij 1/2 fpNyh vs;S tpij 1.5 fpNyh fPiu tpij ntq;fha tpij 17.5 fpNyh gUj;jp tpij 3.5 fpNyh coTf;fhd nryT ePh; gha;r;Rtjw;fhd tug;G mikf;f tpij Cd;w ntq;fhak; mWtilf;F $yp cSe;J kw;Wk; vs;S mWtilf;F $yp epyf;fliy mWtilf;F $yp Jtiu mWtilf;F $yp ghrpg;gapW kw;Wk; jl;ilg;gapW mWtilf;F $yp gUj;jp rhFgbf;fhd nryT kw;w nrytpdq;fs; nkhj;j nrytpdq;fs;

njhif (&) 2500 160 225 25 22 180 45 350 385 1500

gaph; epyf;fliy Jtiu cSe;J ghrpg;gapW jl;ilg;gapW vs;S fPiu tif 1 fPiu tif 2 ntq;fhak; gUj;jp

tUkhdk; msT 8 %l;il 100 fpNyh 40 fpNyh 10 fpNyh 10 fpNyh 50 fpNyh 50 fl;L 50 fl;L 50 fpNyh 1000 fpNyh

njhif (&) 20000 5000 2800 400 500 3250 500 500 1750 40000

400

epyf;fliy nfhb

4000

560

nkhj;j tUkhdk;

79700.00

140

nrytpdq;fs;

20000.00

750

epfu tUkhdk;

59700.00

1400 350 140 5000 3365 20000

mtUf;F gydspj;Js;sJ. Xhpdg;gapuhd ney; rhFgb nra;Ak; NghJ mtUf;F ney; kl;LNk fpilj;jJ. ,ju midj;Jg; nghUl;fisAk; mth; ntspapy; ,Ue;J thq;f Ntz;bapUe;J. mjidAk; $l mtUf;F tpise;j ney;ypy; xU gFjpia tpw;W mjpy; tUk; gzj;ijf; nfhz;Ljhd; thq;f Ntz;bapUe;jJ. Mdhy;> gy gaph; rhFgbahdJ mtuJ FLk;gj;jpd; md;whl czTj; Njitf;fhd gy czTg; nghUl;fis mspj;jJ. nkhj;jk; fpilj;j 8 %l;il epyf;fliyapy;> 4 %l;ilia mtuJ nrhe;j cgNahfj;jpw;F> mJTk; mjd; kjpg; i g $l; b vz; i zahf khw;wp itj;Jf;nfhs;s Kbe;jJ. mJ mtuJ FLk; g j; j pd; xU tUlj; j pw; F Njitahd vz;nza; Njitia g+h;jj ; p nra;jJ. mNj Nghy; mtUf;F fpilj;j 25 fpNyh vs;is KOtJkhf vz;izahf khw;wp> mJTk; mtuJ FLk;gj;jpd; xU tUl Njitia g+h;j;jp nra;jJ. cSe;J 40 fpNyh> ghrpg;gaW 10 fpNyh> jl;ilg;gapW 10 fpNyh kw;Wk; ntq;fhak; 50 fpNyh vd fpilj;j

kw;w gaph;fspd; tpisr;ry; mtuJ FLk;gj;jpd; nkhj;j Njitia g+h;j;jp nra;J. fPiu kw;Wk; Jtiuapy; fpilj; j nkhj; j kf#ypy; 50 tpOf; f hL mtuJ FLk; g j; j pd; Njitf; F NghJkhdjhf ,Ue;jJ. ,g;gbahf xt;nthU gaph; mWtilapYk;> mtuJ FLk;gj;jpw;F czT kw;Wk; Cl;lr;rj;J cj;jputhjk; mjpfhpj;jNjhL> cghpahd nghUl; f is tpw; w jd; thapyhf tUkhdj;jpw;Fk; cj;jputhjk; ngUfpaJ. M. mjpf nghUshjhu gyd;: nghUshjhug; gydhf ghh; f ; F k; NghJ 75 nrd;l; epyj;jpy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l gy gaph; rhFgb Kiwapy; epfu tUkhdk; &. 59700 fpilj;jJ. mNj Ntisapy; 40 nrd;l; epyj;jpy; Xhpdr; rhFgbahf nra;ag;gl;l ney; gaphpy; epfu tUkhdkhf &. 7315 kl;LNk fpilj;jJ. (ml;ltiziag; ghh;f;fTk;) . gy gaph; rhFgb Kiwapy; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;l gUj;jp mtuJ tUkhdj;jpy; mjpf gq;if nfhLj;Js;sJ. nghUshjhug; gyd;fSf;F mg;ghy;> $Ljy; yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

19


jdJ fyg;G gaph; gz;izapy; jpU. fiyr;nry;td; Ma;T Nkw;nfhs;fpwhh;

gyd; f shf gy gaph; rhFgb nra; t jdhy; g+r;rpj; njhy;iyfs; ntFthf Fiwe;jpUe;jd. NkYk; fisfspy; tsh; r ; r pAk; jLf; f g; g l; L fisvLf;Fk; nrytpdq;fSk; gygaph; rhFgbapy; mtUf;F Fiwe;jpUe;jd. ,. ,Uf;Fk; ePiu jpwd;gl gad;gLj;jpaJ: gaph;fSf;F ePhg ; ; gha;rR ; k; ehl;fspd; vz;zpf;if Fiwe; j J jhd; mtUf; F gy gaph; rhFgb Kiwapy; fpilj;j kpfg; nghpa gyd;. Xhpdg; gapuhd ney; rhFgb nra;Ak; NghJ kio ed;whf ,Uf;Fk; rkaq;fspy; 2 ehl;fSf;F xU KiwAk;> kio ,y;yh rkaq;fspy; 4 ehl;fSf;F xU KiwAk; vd> xt;nthU Kiw gha;r;Rk; NghJk; ,uz;liu kzp Neuk; ePh; gha;r;r Ntz;Lk;. mNj rkak;> gy gaph; rhFgb Kiwapy; kio ,Uf;Fk; rkaq;fs; khjk; xU KiwAk;> kio ,y;yh rkaq;fspy; 15 ehl;fSf;F xU KiwAk; vd> xt;nthU KiwAk; 5 kzp Neuk; ePh; gha;r;r Ntz;Lk;. ,q;qdk;> gy gaph; rhFgb Kiwapy; jdJ fpzw;wpy; cs;s ePiu Fiwe;j msT gad;gLj;j mtuhy; Kbe;jJ. vy;yhtw;wpw;f;Fk; Nkyhf> gy gaph; rhFgbahdJ gUtepiy khw;wq;fspdhy; Vw;gLk; twl;rpahd fhyq;fspy; gaph; ,og;ig re;jpf;fhky; tptrhapfis fhf;Fk; rpwe;j tha;g;ghfTk; cs;sJ. mg;gb xUNtis> xU gaphpy; ,og;ig re;jpj;jhYk;> kw;w gaph;fspy; 20

yPrh ,e;jpah • ,jo; 2 • [_d; 2017

fpilf; F k; kf#y; mjid <Lfl; b tpLk; . Xhpdg;gaphpy; ,e;j tha;g;Gfs; ,y;iy.

KbTiu: Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;Ls;s midj;J gyd;fistplTk;> tptrhapahy; mLj;j gUtj;jpw;F Njitg;gLk; tpijfis Nrkpf;fTk;> mNjNtisapy; fpuhkj;jpy; cs;s rf tptrhapfSf;F nfhLj;J cjTk; KbfpwJ. gygaph; rhFgb Kiwapy; fpilj;j ntw;wpapd; thapyhf> ,th; jd;Dila epyj;jpy; ,jid NkYk; tphpthf jd;dplk; cs;s kw;w epyq;fSf;Fk; nfhz;L nry;y jpl;lkpl;Ls;shh;. mtuJ fpuhkj;jpy; cs;s tptrhapfs; kw;Wk; gf; f j; J fpuhkj; J tptrhapfSk; ,tuJ taiy te;J ghh;j;Jtpl;L> ,e;j twl;rpapYk; xUq;fpize;j gy gaph; rhFgb cw;gj;jp vg;gb ,tUf;F ntw;wpia nfhLj;Js;sJ vd;gij ghh;jJ ; Mr;rhpag;gl;l tz;zk; cs;sdh;.  Nf. RNu\; fz;zh> Jiz ,af;Feh; kw;Wk; jp. tp[p> Mtz xUq;fpizg;ghsh;. FLk;gk;> vz;. 118/113> Re;jh;uh[; efh;>Rg;ukzpaGuk;> jpUr;rp 620 020 njh.Ng. vz;: 00420-99925 kw;Wk; 84890 19435 kpd;dQ;ry;: sureshkanna_kudumbam@yahoo.in &

mswviji@gmail.com

Tamil - June 2017  
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