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usiky esa LFkkbZ {ks=h; [kk| pØ rqylh fxjh

çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚU w®v{

5 feV~Vh dh lsgr % mit c<+kus dh dqath iq#"kksÙke tkaxM+] eksuw ds jkBkSj juohj] ,l 'kDrkor ,oa oh [kVkuk 7 fdlku dh Mk;jh % tSfod dh rjQ tkvks ,u-vkj- pUnz'ks[kj 8 usiky esa LFkkbZ {ks=h; [kk| pØ rqylh fxjh

lqnwj fons'kksa ls vuktksa dk vk;kr djuk rFkk e'khuksa ,oa jlk;uksa ds vR;f/kd mi;ksx ls mit izkIr djuk Ñf"k dh orZeku leL;kvksa dk lek/kku ugha gSA vxj ge Ñf"k [kk| iz.kkyh dk dksbZ u;k rjhdk ugha [kkst ldrs rks ge vius iqjkus vH;klksa ds Åij iqu% fopkj dj muesa lq/kkj dj ldrs gSa vkSj {ks=h; [kk| pdz ,slh gh ,d iz.kkyh gS] tks [ksrh dks LFkkbZRo iznku djrh gSA

12 tc feV~Vh cksyh izks0 ,e0 egknsoIik

tc feV~Vh cksyh

18 LFkkbZ ,oa vuqdwfyr [ksrh % efgykvksa ds lkewfgd iz;kl 'khyw Qzkafll ,oa lkjk dkyfe;l

izks0 ,e0 egknsoIik o"kZ nj o"kZ jlk;uksa ds vR;f/kd iz;ksx ls u flQZ ekuo ,oa i'kq] oju~ e`nk ds LokLF; ij nq"izHkko ds lkFk ikfjfLFkfrdh larqyu Hkh fcxM+ jgk gSA ,sls esa fofHkUu tSo moZjdksa ds ckjs esa O;kid tkudkjh fdlkuksa dks ykHk igqapkus ds lkFk&lkFk i;kZoj.k laj{k.k esa Hkh lgk;d gSA

15 lkewfgd iz;klksa ls ykHk vftZr djuk iznhi dqekj ik.Mk

20 tkudkjh ls feyk uo igy dk jkLrk vpZuk JhokLro

lkewfgd iz;klksa ls ykHk vftZr djuk iznhi dqekj ik.Mk vius mit vkSj vkenuh esa o`f) dks ns[krs gq, mn;iqj dh efgyk,a tSfod fof/k ls VekVj dh [ksrh djus yxh gSaA laxBu ,oa lkewfgdrk ls ykHkkfUor gksrh ;s efgyk,a vc mRiknu ls ysdj cktkj rd dh lHkh xfrfof/k;ksa dks laHkkyus esa l{ke gSaA

tkudkjh ls feyk uo igy dk jkLrk vpZuk JhokLro

LFkkbZ ,oa vuqdwfyr [ksrh % efgykvksa ds lkewfgd iz;kl 'khyw Qzkafll ,oa lkjk dkyfe;l efgyk fdlkuksa ds ikl ges'kk ls gh [ksrh djus dh l'kDr {kerk gS] ysfdu mUgsa gkf'k;s ij j[kk tkrk gSA rfeyukMq esa efgyk laxBuksa us vius ,d yk[k lnL;ksa ds lkFk feydj efgyk fdlkuksa }kjk [ksrh esa fd;s tkus okys dk;ksZa dks igpku fnykus] ikfjfLFkfrdh Ñf"k lEcfU/kr xfrfof/k;ksa dks viukus rFkk [ksrksa dks uqdlkunk;d jlk;uksa ls lqjf{kr djus dk lQy iz;kl fd;k gSA

efgyk fdlkuksa dks l'kDr cukus ds fy, ;g t:jh gS fd mUgsa Kku o tkudkfj;ksa ls le``) fd;k tk;sA tkudkjh ds vk/kkj ij gh os vius [ksr] e`nk ,oa ty lkFk ifjokj dh le`f) dks Hkh c<+krh gSaA mÙkj izns'k dh efgyk fdlkuksa ds lkFk ds vuqHko dqN ,slk gh n'kkZrs gSaA

ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚU w®v{ 3


ØãU ¥¢·¤... lEikndh;--------------vkt iwjs ns”k esa e`nk ds LokLF; dks ysdj fpUrk O;Dr dh tk jgh gSA e`nk iznw"k.k dh xaHkhjrk dks le>rs gq, e`nk tkap dh igy jk"Vªh; Lrj ls dh tk jgh gSA lHkh jkT;ksa ds lHkh tuinksa esa] lHkh Ñf"k foKku dsUnzksa ,oa Ñf"k foHkkx dks lhtuokj e``nk tkap dk y{; fn;k tk jgk gS] ftls yksx ;su&dsu&izdkjs.k iwjk Hkh dj jgs gSaA gkykafd vHkh e`nk tkap dh xq.koRrk ij loky mBk;s tk ldrs gSa] ijUrq larks"k dh ckr ;g gS fd ,d “kq:vkr gks pqdh gS] rks nsj&losj xq.koÙkk dk elyk Hkh gy gks gh tk;sxkA bl fo"k; ij ekuuh; iz/kkuea=h th }kjk ;g funsZf”kr Hkh fd;k x;k gS fd ns”k ds lHkh fdlkuksa dk e`nk LokLF; dkMZ gksuk pkfg,A e`nk ds LokLF; o [ksr dh moZjrk ij vk/kkfjr yht+k flrEcj] 2016 vad vkidh lsok esa izLrqr gSA if=dk dk igyk ys[k ^^feV~Vh dh lsgr % mit c<+kus dh dqath** Jh iq#"kksÙke tkaxM+] eksuw ds- jkBkSj] juohj] ,l- “kDrkor ,oa oh- [kVkuk }kjk fyf[kr gSA bl ys[k esa fn;s x;s mnkgj.kksa ds ek/;e ls ys[kd us ;g Li"V djus dk iz;kl fd;k gS fd vxj ge mit c<+kuk pkgrs gSa rks gesa lcls igys feV~Vh dh lsgr lq/kkjus dh fn”kk esa igy djuh gksxhA tcfd nwljs ys[k ^^fdlku Mk;jh tSfod dh rjQ tkvks** esa dukZVd ds dksykj ftys ds fdlku Jh ,u0 vkj0 pUnz”ks[kj us vius vuqHkoksa ls ty ladV dk lkeuk djus dh ckr dgh gSA Jh rqylh fxjh }kjk fyf[kr ^^usiky esa LFkkbZ {ks=h; [kk| pØ** esa usiky dh LFkkuh; ifjfLFkfr;ksa rFkk izkÑfrd lalk/kuksa dk mi;ksx djrs gq, tSfod [ksrh ls gksus okys Qk;nksa ij ppkZ dh x;h gSA if=dk dk pkSFkk ys[k ^^lkewfgd iz;klksa ls ykHk vftZr djuk** Jh iznhi dqekj ik.Mk }kjk fy[kk x;k gSA Jh ik.Mk us vius bl ys[k esa vkt dh Ñf"kxr ,oa vkthfodk lEcU/kh pqukSfr;ksa ls fuiVus gsrq lkaxBfud iz;klksa ,oa lkewfgdrk dh egÙkk dks iznf”kZr fd;k gSA tcfd lqJh “khyw Qzkafll ,oa lqJh lkjk dkyfe;l }kjk fy[kk x;k ys[k ^^LFkkbZ ,oa vuqdwfyr [ksrh % efgykvksa ds lkewfgd iz;kl** gS] ftlesa mUgksaus ;g crk;k gS fd vxj gesa LFkkbZRo o cnyko ds nkSj esa vuqdwyu dh ckr djuh gS] rks efgykvksa }kjk fd;s tkus okys iz;klksa dks mHkkjuk gksxkA efgyk fdlkuksa dks tkudkjh ls le`) dj uo igy dk jkLrk ryk”kus o vkthfodk ds uohu fodYiksa dks lkeus ykus dh ckr ij tksj nsrk if=dk dk vfUre ys[k ^^tkudkjh ls feyk uo igy dk jkLrk** lqJh vpZuk JhokLro }kjk fyf[kr gSA vUr esa] if=dk ds ys[kksa ij vkids cgqewY; lq>koksa dh izrh{kk esa--lEiknd e.My

4

ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚUU w®v{


ç×^ïUè ·¤è âðãUÌ ©UÂÁ ÕɸUæÙð ·¤è ·¢é¤Áè ÂéL¤cææðžæ× Á梻ǸU, ×æðÙê ·ð¤ ÚUæÆUæñÚU ÚUÙßèÚU, °â àæ€ÌæßÌ °ß¢ ßè ¹ÅUæÙæ jktLFkku ds fdlkuksa us e`nk LokLF; dks mUur cukrs gq, mit ,oa vkenuh ds eqn~ns ij dke fd;k gSA e`nk esa tSfod dkcZu lkefxz;ksa dks c<+kdj] fo'ks"kdj ;s efgyk fdlku mPp mit ds lkFk iks"k.k okfVdk mxkus esa l{ke gks jgh gSaA ifj.kkeLo:i muds ifjokj dks csgrj iks"k.k feyus ds lkFk&lkFk vPNh vkenuh Hkh gks jgh gSA

xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa] tgka dh vFkZO;oLFkk iwjh rjg Ñf"k ij vk/kkfjr gksrh gS] ogka yksxksa dh vkenuh ,oa vkthfodk lqj{kk dh pkHkh feV~Vh dh lsgr esa Nqih gksrh gSA cgqr ls v/;;uksa ls ;g Li"V gksrk gS fd xyr rjhds ls Hkwfe dk mi;ksx djus rFkk vuqfpr e`nk izcU/ku vH;klksa dks viukus ds dkj.k e`nk LokLF; fnuksa&fnu fcxM+rk tk jgk gSA fdlkuksa }kjk tSfod [kknksa dk mi;ksx de dj nsus ds dkj.k feV~Vh dh ty xzg.k {kerk ?kVrh tk jgh gS] ftlls Qly mRikndrk ij Hkh vlj iM+ jgk gSA ?kj ij cus [kknksa dk mi;ksx djuk] Qly pØhdj.k]

fefJr [ksrh] vUr% [ksrh] [ksr dks ijrh NksM+uk rFkk xfeZ;ksa esa [ksr dh tqrkbZ vkfn vH;kl /khjs&/khjs ;k rks de gksrs tk jgs gSa ;k fQj [kRe gks x;s gSa vkSj buds LFkku ij jlk;fud moZjdksa dk mi;ksx c<+ x;k lkFk gh ljdkjh uhfr;ksa ds dkj.k ,dy [ksrh dh vksj yksxksa dk >qdko c<+ x;k gSA

igy ihokbZ,DlbZvkj, Xykscy uked LoSfPNd laxBu }kjk {ks= esa Ñf"k ,oa vk; lqj{kk gsrq rhu eq[; {ks=ksa ij dsfUnzr xzke dks vkxs c<+kus gsrq la;qDr igy ¼tsvkbZoh,½ uke ls ,d ifj;kstuk dk fØ;kUo;u fd;k x;kA tkWu Mhjs Qkm.Ms”ku }kjk foÙk iksf"kr bl ifj;kstuk dk fØ;kUo;u lw[kkxzLr jktLFkku ds jktleUn ftys ds jyexyk fodkl[k.M esa vofLFkr ldjokl iapk;r ds rhu xkaoksa esa tuojh 2103 ls fd;k x;kA ;s efgyk fdlku oehZ dEiksLV rS;kj dj viuh iks"k.k okfVdk esa mi;ksx dj jgh gSa rks nwljh rjQ lfCt+;ksa ds csdkj iÙkksa ls oehZ dEiksLV Hkh rS;kj dj jgh gSaA [kkn ls le`) x`gokfVdk esas LoLFk Qly

ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚU w®v{ 5


ifj;kstuk ds vUnj lEikfnr dh tkus okyh xfrfof/k;ksa ds ifj.kkeLo:i Ñf"kxr vkenuh esa gksus okys LFkkbZ o`f) dks ns[kdj fdlkuksa dks LoLFk feV~Vh dh egÙkk le> esa vk;h vkSj mUgksaus e`nk LokLF; dks mUur cukus ds fy, fofo/k iz;klksa dks viukuk izkjEHk dj fn;kA bl lUnHkZ esa fdlkuksa dks iz{ks= vk/kkfjr O;ogkfjd izf”k{k.k Hkh fn;k x;kA {ks= dh eq[; rhu Qlyksa dks /;ku esa j[kdj fn;s x;s bl izf”k{k.k ds mijkUr o"kZ 2013 ls 2014 ds chp dqy 18 ekWMy fdlkuksa dk p;u fd;k x;k vkSj izR;sd izf”k{k.k esa vkSlru 25 fdlkuksa us viuh lgHkkfxrk fuHkkbZA xfeZ;ksa esa [ksr dh xgjh tqrkbZ vkSj ,dhÑr e`nk izcU/ku tSlh xfrfof/k;ksa ds ckjs esa leqnk; ds chp tkx:drk vfHk;ku pyk;k x;kA e`nk ijh{k.k gsrq uewus ,d= djus ds Åij fdlkuksa dks izf”kf{kr fd;k x;k rFkk e`nk ijh{k.k ds ifj.kkeksa dks le>us esa Hkh mudh lgk;rk dh x;hA blds lkFk gh ns”kh [kkn ds mi;ksx ls gksus okys Qk;nksa ij Hkh l?ku tkx:drk vfHk;ku pyk;k x;kA izf”k{k.k ds mijkUr] fdlkuksa us xfeZ;ksa esa [ksr dh tqrkbZ] e`nk ijh{k.k] [kkn cukuk] oehZ dEiksLV rS;kj djuk] lfCt;ka mxkuk] Qly pØhdj.k vkfn fofHkUu rjg dh xfrfof/k;ksa dks iwjh :fp ds lkFk djuk izkjEHk dj fn;kA iq:"k fdlkuksa ds lkFk&lkFk efgyk fdlku Hkh ijh{k.k gsrq e`nk lSEiy bdV~Bk djus dh izfØ;k iwjh rjg le> pqdh Fkha vkSj mUgksaus o'kZ 2013 esa 132 lSEiy rFkk o"kZ 2014 esa 208 uewuk ijh{k.k ds fy, ,d= fd;kA feV~Vh dh tkap ds mijkUr izkIr ifj.kkeksa ls iznf”kZr gqvk fd mudh feV~Vh esa iksVk”k i;kZIr ek=k esa gS] ijUrq QklQksjl dh cgqr deh gSA vf/kdka”k e`nk uewuksa esa tSfod dkcZu dh cgqr deh ikbZ x;hA ebZ 2013 esa fy;s x;s e`nk uewuksa esa tSfod dkcZu dh ek=k ,d izfr”kr ls Hkh de vFkkZr~ vkSlru 0-354 izfr”kr gh ikbZ x;hA fdlkuksa dks bl ckr ds fy, izksRlkfgr fd;k x;k fd os xk; ds xkscj vkSj Ñf"k vif”k"Vksa ls [kkn@oehZ dEiksLV cuk;sA lHkh Mseks fdlkuksa dks ukMsi o oehZ dEiksLV fiV cukus ds fy, laLFkk dh rjQ ls vuqnku fn;k x;k tcfd vU; 34 fdlkuksa us vius Lo;a ds [kpZ ls oehZ dEiksLV fiV rS;kj fd;kA orZeku esa] rhuksa xkaoksa esa dqy feykdj 52 fdlku 100 fdxzk ls ysdj 4550 fdxzk rd oehZ dEiksLV dk mRiknu dj jgs gSa vkSj 6

ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚUU w®v{

vU; cgqr ls fdlku bls cukus ds fy, vxzlj gks jgs gSaA dqN fdlku cM+s iSekus ij oehZ dEiksLV rS;kj djus ls igys vuqHko djus ds fy, de ek=k esa oehZ dEiksLV rS;kj dj jgs gSaA ;|fi oehZ dEiksLV rS;kj djus esa efgykvkas dh vxz.kh Hkwfedk gS] fQj Hkh dqN efgyk fdlkuksa dks vHkh Hkh daspqvksa dks gkFk ls Nwus esa f?ku vkrh Fkh vkSj ;gh ckr :fp gksus ds ckn Hkh mUgsa cM+s iSekus ij oehZ dEiksLV rS;kj djus ls jksd jgh FkhA bl ckr dks le>rs gq, tsvkbZoh, us fdlkuksa dks ,d lk/kkj.k lk midj.k iznku fd;k] ftldk iz;ksx djus ls dsapqvksa dks dksbZ uqdlku Hkh ugha igqaprk vkSj efgyk fdlkuksa dks dsapqvksa dks Nwus esa dksbZ fnDdr Hkh ugha gksrhA rqyukRed :i ls ;g lkQ&lqFkjk vH;kl Hkh gSA efgyk fdlkuksa dks iks"k.k ;qDr x`gokfVdk rS;kj djus ds Åij Hkh izf”kf{kr fd;k x;k vkSj vc os vius ifjokj ds fy, lfCt+;ka Lo;a mxk ys jgh gSaA vf/kd gksus ij lfCt;ka csp Hkh ysrh gSaA vkt yxHkx 25 efgykvksa us viuh iks"k.k okfVdk rS;kj dj yh gS vkSj mlesa fofo/k rjg dh lfCt+;ka tSls cUn xksHkh] QwyxksHkh] ikyd] VekVj] fepkZ] cSxu vkfn mxk jgh gSaA dqN efgyk,a rks xktj] ewyh] /kfu;k dh iÙkh Hkh mxk jgh gSaA ;s efgyk fdlku oehZ dEiksLV rS;kj dj viuh iks"k.k okfVdk esa mi;ksx dj jgh gSa rks nwljh rjQ lfCt+;ksa ds csdkj iÙkksa ls oehZ dEiksLV dks Hkh rS;kj dj jgh gSaA 'ks"k i`"B 11 ij------[ksr esa oehZdEiksLV dk mi;ksx djrh efgyk fdlku


Uç·¤âæÙ ·¤è ÇUæØÚUè Ñ Áñçß·¤ ·¤è ÌÚUȤ Áæ¥æð viuh lw[kkxzLr ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds fy, izfl) dksykj ftys ds usukeUukcYyh xkao esa Jh ,u0vkj0 pUnz”ks[kj uked fdlku gfjr ØkfUr yk jgs gSaA dukZVd o vkU/kz izns”k dh lhek ij cls bl ftys dh izflf) dk eq[; dkj.k ;gka ij vofLFkr gtkjksa >hysa gSaA ysfdu orZeku esa] >hy vkSj cksjosy lw[ks iM+s gSa vkSj Hkwfexr ty 1200 QhV ls Hkh uhps pyk x;k gSA bl ftys dks thou iznku djus okyh dksbZ Hkh unh ugha cph gS vkSj blfy, ;gka ij ty ds fcuk dksbZ Hkh Qly mxk ikuk vlaHko gSA bUgha dBksj ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa] izkÑfrd :i ls miyC/k ikuh ds mi;ksx ,oa tSfod [ksrh i)fr dks viuk dj Jh pUnz”ks[kj us yksxksa dks LFkkbZ [ksrh djus dk ,d jkLrk fn[kk fn;k gSA vius 30 xq.Vk (yxHkx 0-75 ,dM+) [ksr esa pUnz”ks[kj us 500 ikS/ks iihrk ds] 300 vke ds] 1500 “kgrwr] 1500 vjgj ds ikS/ks rFkk vU; cgqr lh vUr% Qlyksa tSls lse] lks;kchu vkfn dks yxk j[kk gSA dksykj ftys esa tgk¡ ikuh lksus dh rjg egaxk gS] ogk¡ mUgksaus 3x3x3 QhV ds 45&50 lks[rk x<~<k cuk j[kk gSA blh izdkj] mUgksaus x<~<k iz.kkyh dk mi;ksx dj 2x2 QhV dk ekWMy rS;kj dj jkxh ds ikS/kksa dks yxk;k gSA bu x<~<ksa esa ikuh ,df=r gksrk jgrk gSA ueh ,oa moZjrk cuk;s j[kus ds fy, mUgksaus izR;sd 4 x<~<ksa ds ckn gCcy chUl ds ikS/kksa dks yxk j[kk gSA jkxh dh dVkbZ ds ckn gCcy chUl mRikfnr gksxkA vius 30 xq.Vk Hkwfe esa mUgksaus 70x50x12 QhV dk rkykc Hkh [kqnk j[kk gS] ftlesa vkikrdkyhu le; esa ikS/kksa dh flapkbZ ds fy, ikuh ,d= gSA Hkfwe dks iRz;d s bp a dh egÙkk dks le>rs g,q mUgkuass vius [ksr esa puk] twV] <Sapk ,oa vU; cgqr lh nyguh Qlyksa dks yxk;k rkfd e`nk dh Åijh ijr ij ueh cuh jgs vkSj e`nk moZjrk esa o`f) gksA feV~Vh dh tSfod xq.koÙkk c<+kus ds fy, mUgksaus pus dh ifÙk;ksa dks [ksr esa fc[ksj fn;kA ;g jlk;fud mojZdkas dk i;zkx s djus okys fdlkuksa ds fy, lcls cf<;+k ekM W y gAS mUgkuass [krs ds pkjkas rjQ “kh”ke] rhlh (vylh) ,oa XyhfjlhfM;k dks Hkh mxk;kA bUgkuass bu ik/Skkas dh ifÙk;kas dks [krs eas Qy S k fn;k] ifj.kker% e`nk moZjrk mUur gqbZ ,oa csgrj mit feykA

QksVks % ys[kd

°Ù0¥æÚU0 ¿‹¼ýàæð¹ÚU

pUnz'ks[kj] tSfod [ksrh ds jksy ekWMy

lcls egRoiw.kZ ckr rks ;g gS fd mUgksaus nqyZHk ty lalk/kuksa dk mi;ksx cgqr dq”kyrkiwoZd fd;kA og cksryksa ds ek/;e ls ikS/kksa esa ikuh Mkyrs FksA mUgksaus cksrykas esa fNnz djds mls ikS/kksa ls 6 bap nwj ysfdu tM+ksa ds ikl yVdk fn;kA xfeZ;ksa esa] os bu cksryksa esa ikuh Hkj nsrs gSa vkSj ;g lqfuf”pr djrs gSa fd ikuh ,d ikS/ks ls gksrs gq, nwljs ikS/kksa dh tM+ksa rd igqaprk jgsA bl rjhds ls ,d gh cksry ls dbZ ikS/kksa dks ikuh fn;k tk ldrk gSA mnkgj.k ds fy,] ;fn vke ds isM+ dks fMCcksa ds ek/;e ls ikuh nsuk gks rks 300 ikS/kksa ds fy, 300 fMCcksa dh vko”;drk gksrh gS] ysfdu bl rjhds esa og ,d crZu ls 26 ikS/kksa dks ikuh vkiwfrZ dj ldrs gSaA lexz :i ls] bl fglkc ls vke ds ikS/kksa esa ikuh nsus ds fy, 12 crZuksa dh vko”;drk gksrh gS] ftlls 288 crZuksa dh cpr gksrh gS lkFk gh le; vkSj Je dh Hkh cpr gksrh gSA bl rjhds ls] og U;wure ikuh dk mi;ksx dj vf/kdre mit izkIr djrs gSaA o"kZ 2010 esa] mUgksaus ,d _rq esa yxHkx 20 Vu Qyksa dh mit izkIr dhA mUgksaus iihrk ds Qyksa dh rqM+kbZ ds ckn vke ds Qyksa dks izkIr fd;kA og vius [ksr esa e/kqeD[kh ikyu Hkh djrs gSaA °Ù0¥æÚU0 ¿‹¼ýàæð¹ÚU Áñçß·¤ ç·¤âæÙ °ß¢ Âý»çÌàæèÜ ç·¤âæÙ ÙðÙæ׋ÙæãUæÜè, ·¤æðÜæÚU ÌæÜé·¤ ·¤æðÜæÚU çÁÜæ, ·¤ÙæüÅU·¤ ÅðUÜèȤæðÙ Ñ ®}vzwwx}~, ×æðÕæ§Ü Ñ ~yy}xyw}®x

Water- Lifeline for livelihood LEISA INDIA, Vol. 17, No.3, Sept. 2015

ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚU w®v{ 7


UÙðÂæÜ ×ð´ SÍæ§ü ÿæð˜æèØ ¹æl ¿·ý¤ ÌéÜâè ç»ÚUè lqnwj fons'kksa ls vuktksa dk vk;kr djuk rFkk e'khuksa ,oa jlk;uksa ds vR;f/kd mi;ksx ls mit izkIr djuk Ñf"k dh orZeku leL;kvksa dk lek/kku ugha gSA vxj ge Ñf"k [kk| iz.kkyh dk dksbZ u;k rjhdk ugha [kkst ldrs rks ge vius iqjkus vH;klksa ds Åij iqu% fopkj dj muesa lq/kkj dj ldrs gSa vkSj {ks=h; [kk| pdz ,slh gh ,d iz.kkyh gS] tks [ksrh dks LFkkbZRo iznku djrh gSA

vkxs vkus okys n”kdksa esa] ,f”k;u e/; oxZ fo”o dk lokZf/kd egRoiw.kZ miHkksDrk lewg gksxkA usiky esa Hkh] vc bl u;s jgu&lgu ls esy [kkrs oSdfYid mRiknksa dh ekax djus okyk e/;oxZ fn[kus yxk gSA ;s u;s miHkksDrk ns”k esa u;s oSf”od cktkjksa ,oa iwath dks rS;kj dj jgs gSaA ,sls le; esa tcfd oS”ohdj.k ds lkFk gekjs

leqnk;ksa esa cgqr rsth ls ifjorZu gks jgs gSa] gekjs nSfud thou esa cktkj ,d egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkk jgs gSaA vkt izR;sd lekt dk liuk ^^vk/kqfud vkSj fodflr** dk gS] tks th0Mh0ih0 vFkZ O;oLFkk ls fu/kkZfjr gks jgk gSA fo”ks"kdj] ^^fodkl”khy leqnk;** viuh ekSfydrk dks [kksrs tk jgs gSa vkSj bl ifjofrZr nkSj esa vius liuksa dks iwjk djus ds fy, dM+k la?k"kZ dj jgs gSaA bu lcds dkj.k mRiknu xfrfof/k;ksa tSls Ñf"k vkSj [kk| ij vk/kkfjr leqnk;ksa ,oa laLÑfr;ksa ij lokZf/kd izHkko iM+k gSA cgqr ls yksx ;k rks LosPNk ls [ksrh NksM+ jgs gSa ;k fQj ncko esa vkdj [ksrh ls foeq[k gks jgs gSaA bu lcds ihNs cgqr ls dkj.k gks ldrs gSa] ijUrq muesa ls izeq[k dkj.k ^^vkfFkZd izksRlkgu** dk u feyuk gSA usiky ds cgqr ls ;qok vius ?kjksa dks NksM+dj vkthfodk ds fodYiksa dh ryk”k esa “kgjksa ;k fons”kksa dh vksj iyk;u dj jgs gSaA fo”ks"kdj ;qok ih<+h dh vc [ksrh esa QksVks % ys[kd

,d vH;kl izf'k{k.k l=

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ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚUU w®v{


dksbZ :fp ugha jg x;h gSA bldk dkj.k ;g gS fd&  ukSdjh dh rqyuk esa [ksrh fdlkuh vc ,d lEekuuh; is”kk ugha jg x;k gS] ftls “kgjksa ds vk/kqfud vkfFkZd cktkj esa LohÑfr feysA

 fofHkUu dkjdksa tSls [kjkc ekSleh ifjfLFkfr;ksa vkfn ls tw>us ds dkj.k Ñf"k ,d is”kk ;k O;olk; ds rkSj ij dfBu nkSj ls xqtj jgh gSA bu ekSleh ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds Åij euq"; dk dksbZ fu;U=.k ugha gksus ds dkj.k cgqr ckj [ksrh esa vfuf”prrk cuh jgrh gSA tc ;s NksVs tksrnkj ;k [ksfrgj ifjokj bu dBksj okLrfodrkvksa dk lkeuk djrs gSa rks ,slh fLFkfr esa la?kksa o vkS|ksfxd [ksrh dEifu;ksa ds fodYi [kqy tkrs gSaA bl izdkj usiky vkSj vU; cgqr ls fodkl”khy leqnk;ksa ds LFkkuh; mRiknd] i;kZoj.kh; ladVksa dk lkeuk djus rFkk viuh vkthfodk [kksus ds tksf[ke ds dkj.k bu oSf”od dEifu;ksa ls cgqr ihNs jg tkrs gSaA dk;kZUo;u lhek ij ds {ks=ksa esa clus okys xzkeh.k leqnk; fo”ks'kdj ;qok oxZ esa vf/kd iyk;u gks jgk gSA bldk cM+k izHkko {ks=h; vkfFkZd fodkl ds lkFk gh [kk| lqj{kk ij Hkh iM+ jgk gSA usiky tSls ns”kksa esa larqfyr fodkl dks izksRlkgu nsus] lkekftd vlarqyu o i;kZoj.kh; uqdlku dks jksdus ds fy, igy djus dh vko”;drk gSA LFkkbZ ¼tSfod½ mRikn o mRiknu ds Åij tkx:drk mRiUu djuk bl lek/kku dk ,d Hkkx gSA v/;;u ;g iznf”kZr djrs gSa fd Ñf"k ds {ks= esa izfrLi/kkZ djrs gq, ykHk ikus ds fy, ^^tSfod mRikn** ,d eq[; fodYi gSaA ;g igys gh Li"V gks pqdk gS fd gekjh [kk| iz.kkyh ,d yEch nwjh dh vk;kr O;oLFkk rFkk mPp e”khuhÑr ,oa jlk;u vk/kkfjr mRiknu ij vk/kkfjr gS vkSj ;g fuf”pr rkSj ij lek/kku ugha gSA gesa fdlh Hkh u;s xzkeh.k {ks=ksa ds lkFk 'kgj dk tqM+ko [kk| pØ ds ek/;e ls gS( ;g tqM+ko bl rjg ls gS fd xzkeh.k {ks= ds yksx ;fn tSfod [ksrh djrs gSa rks 'kgjh miHkksDrkvksa dks tSfod :i ls mRikfnr [kk| gh feysxkA

QksVks % ys[kd

 ^^ikfjokfjd Ñf"k** izÑfr esa fufgr gS] tks vk/kqfud lekt dh cnyrh vko”;drkvksa ls esy [kkrh mPp vkfFkZd okilh ugha lqfuf”pr djkrh gSA

n cktkj& ekWMy nqdku

izdkj dh [kk| iz.kkyh ;k Ñf"k dks [kkstus dh vko”;drk ugha gS] oju~ gesa “kkUr jgdj ;g lkspus dh vko”;drk gS fd gekjs iwoZt D;k djrs Fks] os fdl izdkj dh [ksrh djrs Fks vkSj leqnk;ksa ds chp Hkkstu dk caVokjk fdl izdkj dk Fkk\ ^^{ks=h; [kk| pØksa** dk fopkj fo”o dk oS”ohdj.k izkjEHk gksus ls igys ls gh fo|eku gSA igys leqnk; Lo&LFkkbZ gksrs FksA lhek ij ds {ks= vkil esa [kk|ksa dk vknku&iznku djrs Fks vkSj gekjs lekt rFkk mlesa jg jgs leqnk; vkSj laLÑfr Qy&Qwy jgs FksA gekjk ewyHkwr fopkj rks mu iqjkus ;k igys ls pys vk jgs fopkjksa dks fQj ls ns[kus ,oa mUgsa iquthZfor djus dk gS] tks vk/kqfud cnykoksa ,oa fodkl ds nkSj esa vius&vki dks cuk;s j[kus ds fy, la?k"kZ dj jgs gSaA fcuk fdlh viokn ds] vk/kqfud rduhdksa ,oa uohu igy iSr`d :i ls ,d ls nwljs dks gLrkUrfjr fd;s tk ldrs gSa] urhtru ;g vf/kd izHkkoh o vf/kd LFkkbZ gksrs gSaA

cktkj o"kZ 2009 esa] Jh rqylh fxjh vkSj Jh Vadk jkt lqcs/kh uke ds nks ;qok nksLrksa us bu pqukSfr;kas ls yM+us dk fu.kZ; fy;k vkSj mUgksaus usiky ds cktkjksa esa LFkkbZRo ykus ds fopkj dks lkdkj djus ds mn~ns”; ls ^^Msoyies.V okW;st** uke ls ,d dEiuh izkjEHk dhA ^^cktkj % O;kikj esyk vkSj tSfod ds fy, cktkj**] ,d vkiwfrZ J`a[kyk izcU/ku O;kikj ^^lkFkh ck;ks QkeZ**] izf”k{k.k dh lqfo/kk ds lkFk isjek laLd`fr@tSfod [ksrh ,oa ^^tSfod thou** uke ls Ñf"k i;ZVu lsok O;kikj dk izkjEHk bl dEiuh ds ek/;e ls fd;k x;kA Ñf"k i;ZVu lsok O;kikj ls lEcfU/kr vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy, bldh vf/kd``r osclkbV www.organiclivingnepal.org miyC/k gSA o"kZ 2012 esa blds lg;ksxh fdlkukas ds lkFk feydj “kq:

ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚU w®v{ 9


fd;k x;k ^^n cktkj] Ñf"k lgdkjh** lQy iz;kl jgk gSA gekjs ;s O;kikj usiky ds iks[kjk “kgj esa fLFkr gSa] tks usiky ds egRoiw.kZ i;ZVu {ks=ksa esa ls ,d ,oa ns”k dk nwljk lcls cM+k “kgj gSA o"kZ 2008 esa iks[kjk ls yxHkx 20 fdeh0 nwj fjoku xkao esa ^^LFkkbZ fodkl esa ;qok** uked ifj;kstuk ls mlh xkao ds jgus okys rqylh ,oa mlds nksLrksa dk tqM+ko gksus ds i”pkr~ bu lHkh xfrfof/k;ksa@O;kikj ekWMyksa dh “kq:vkr gqbZA bl ifj;kstuk dk ifj.kke ;g gqvk fd fjoku xkao ds ;qokvksa esa viuh vkthfodk fodYiksa ds rkSj ij tSfod lCt+h mRiknu] eNyh ikyu ,oa leqnkf;d i;ZVu ds fy, viuh Lo;a dh lgdkjh lfefr;ksa dh LFkkfir djus ds fy, :fp fodflr gqbZA fjoku xkao ls iyk;u dj x;s cgqr ls ;qok okil xkao esa vkdj bl ifj;kstuk ls tqM+ x;sA mRiknd lgdkjh lfefr;ksa ds LFkkiuk ds lkFk gh cktkj J`a[kyk dh vko”;drk vxyh pqukSrh FkhA blfy, Vadk vkSj rqylh bl dke ds fy, vkxs vk;s vkSj mUgksaus m|ferk esa viuh vyx igpku cukbZA 2012 rd] fjoku xkao ds fdlkuksa us vius }kjk LFkkfir lgdkjh lfefr ,oa ^^lkFkh ck;ks QkeZ** ds ek/;e ls n cktkj ds izFke QqVdj fudkl ds fy, tSfod lfCt;ksa dh vkiwfrZ dhA /khjs&/khjs fcØh O;kikj c<+rk x;kA cktkj ls miHkksDrkvksa dk tqM+ko lkFk & lkFk uxnh vkod Hkh c<+rh x;hA vU; leqnk;ksa ls tqM+s cgqr ls fdlku bl usVodZ ls tqM+uk pkgrs Fks vkSj ;gha ls ^^{ks=h; [kk| pØ** ds gekjs fopkj dks vk/kkj feykA iks[kjk ds vkl&ikl ds {ks=ksa ds NksVs&e>ksys fdlkukas dks vkiwfrZ J`a[kyk izcU/ku lsokvksa dks miyC/k djkus ds fy, n cktkj (www.thebazaar.com.np) gekjh dEiuh ds rgr~ ,d izeq[k czk.M FkhA lhek ij ds {ks=ksa esa LFkkbZ {ks=h; [kk| pØ dh ,d “kq:vkr djus ds ihNs izeq[k fopkj ;g Fkk fd ;fn ;g lQy gksrk gS rks bls vU; lhek {ks=ksa ij c<+k;k tk ldsA D;ksafd ge ;g ekurs gSa fd NksVs [ksfrgj ifjokjksa }kjk tSfod [ksrh mudh viuh [kk| pØ ds vk/kkj ij dh tkrh gSA mRiknksa dh fcØh ls vkl&ikl ds {ks=ksa esa vkfFkZd izHkko iM+rk gSA LFkkbZ {ks=h; [kk| pØ Hkfo"; esa iwjs xzg dks Hkkstu miyC/k djkus dk ,d LFkkbZ jkLrk gSA ^^xzkeh.k {ks=ksa vkSj “kgj ds [kk| pØ vkil esa tqM+s gksrs gSaA bl tqM+ko esa ykssx tSfod [ksrh] [kk| izlaLdj.k vkSj tSfod mRikfnr [kk| dks miHkksDrkvksa rd forfjr djus dk dke dj jgs gSaA ;g leqnk; ,oa lgdkjh <kapksa

10 ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚUU w®v{

ds lg;ksfx;ksa dk ,d esy gSA [kk| pdz ds dsUnz esa LFkkbZ i;ZVu dk ,d u;k fopkj gS] tks usVodZ ds vkfFkZd ewY; dks vko”;d :i ls c<+krk gSA** orZeku esa] n cktkj ds ek/;e ls n cktkj Ñf"k lgdkjh lfefr ls tqM+s 300 ls vf/kd y?kq lhekUr fdlkuksa dks vkiwfrZ J`a[kyk ,oa cktkj dh lqfo/kk miyC/k djkbZ tk jgh gSA gekjs ;s fdlku iks[kjk ds vkl&ikl ds 7 ls vf/kd xkaoksa esa QSys gq, gSaA buds dke dh izÑfr fHkUu&fHkUu gSA buesa ls dqN fdlku vius O;fDrxr [ksr ij dke djrs gSa rks dqN fdlku lewgksa ds :i esa xfBr gksdj dke dj jgs gSa] tcfd vU; nwljs leqnk; vk/kkfjr mRiknu lgdkjh lfefr esa “kkfey gSaA iks[kjk esa n cktkj dh ,d Fkksd o ,d QqVdj bl izdkj dqy nks nqdkus gSa] tks lh/kk iznku lsokvksa ds ek/;e ls vius miHkksDrvksa rd igqaprh gSA blds lkFk gh ;g “kgj rd vius mRiknksa dks ys tkus ds fy, lHkh mRiknksa gsrq laHkkj&ra= Hkh miyC/k djkrh gSA blds vykok ;g lgdkjh lfefr vius lg;ksxh fdlkuksa dks tSfod [ksrh] cpr ,oa _.k lqfo/kk vkfn esa fo”ks"kKrk ,oa rduhdh tkudkjh iznku djus ds lkFk gh lkFk fuos”k miyC/k djkus okys ljdkjh dk;ZØeksa ls tqM+ko cukus gsrq Hkh lg;ksx iznku djrk gSA n cktkj us ftyk Ñf"k fodkl dk;kZy; lfgr fofHkUu fgrHkkfx;ksa ds lg;ksx ls o"kZ 2013 esa ^^lgHkkxh xkj.Vh iz.kkyh** dh “kq:vkr dh] tks mRikndksa rFkk miHkksDrkvkas ds chp vkilh fo”okl cuk;s j[kus rFkk xq.koÙkk fu;U=.k dk lcls cf<+;k rjhdk gSA gekjs vkiwfrZ J`a[kyk dh lcls cM+h vPNkbZ ;g Fkh fd mu fdlkuksa dks Hkh gekjh lqfo/kk,a fey tkrh Fkha] tks cgqr de mRiknksa ds gksus ds dkj.k gekjs cktkj J`a[kyk dk fgLlk ugha cu ikrs FksA tSfod mRiknksa ds mRiknu ,oa mudh fcØh nksuksa pqukSfr;ksa ls fuiVus ds fy, bl lgdkjh lfefr dk xBu fd;k x;kA mRiknu ds {ks= esa lgdkjh lfefr tgka tSfod mRikn dh ek=k] iztkfr ,oa xq.koÙkk c<+kus ds fy, mRikndksa ds lkFk leUo; cukus rFkk mudh LFkkuh; {kerk fodflr djus dk dke dj jgh Fkh] rks ogha fcØh ds {ks= esa] e/; oxhZ; usikyh miHkksDrkvksa dks O;kikj esyk esa vkus vkSj tSfod mRiknksa dks viukus ds fy, laosfnr djus dk dke fd;k tk jgk FkkA ,d ckj tc mRiknu vkSj fcØh ds chp lEcU/k LFkkfir gks x;k rc fdlkuksa vkSj n cktkj nksuksa dks okLrfod ekax ,oa vkiwfrZ dh tkudkjh gksus yxhA lEcU/k LFkkfir gks tkus ds ckn ykHkksa dks lqjf{kr j[kus] cktkjhdj.k vfHk;ku dks lg;ksx iznku djus] Ñf"kxr


uo igyksa rFkk uhfrxr ,Moksdslh dk dke Hkh lgdkjh lfefr djus yxhA

Hkkoh fodkl fuf”pr rkSj ij] mijksDr lHkh miyfC/k;ksa rd igqapuk dEiuh ds fy, vklku ugha FkkA vHkh Hkh blesa fLFkjrk ugha gSA gesa izR;sd Lrj ij cgqr lh pqukSfr;ksa ,oa ck/kkvksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+kA ^^{ks=h; [kk| usVodZ** dk fopkj flQZ foÙkh; n`f"Vdks.k ls gh dfBu ugha Fkk] oju~ iwjh vkiwfrZ J`a[kyk dks Hkh fQj ls izcfU/kr djus dh vko”;drk FkhA “kq:vkrh fnuksa esa] NksVs e>ksys fdlkuksa esa tSfod vkSj cktkj vk/kkfjr [ksrh djus gsrq tSfod fuos”kksa dh miyC/krk] rduhdh vkSj foÙkh; lsokvksa rd igqap] miHkksDrkvksa dh tkx:drk vkSj lqfo/kk;qDr cktkj iz.kkyh] bu lHkh dk vHkko FkkA bu eqn~nksa dks le>rs gq, rFkk vius fnu&izfr fnu ds vuqHkoksa ds vk/kkj ij] geus o"kZ 2013 esa T;wfjp] fLoVtjyS.M dh ,d lkekftd m|e ds lkFk leUo; LFkkfir fd;kA bl lkekftd m|e ds mn~ns”; gekjs mn~ns”;ksa ls feyrs FksA bl leUo; ds i”Pkkr~ geus LFkkbZ {ks=h; [kk| pØ ds fuekZ.k gsrq ;qokvksa ds fy, fodYi fodflr djus dk izLrko fn;k vkSj vkt ge ^^[kk| pØ vdkneh** uke ls ,d O;olkf;d izf”k{k.k ,oa f”k{kk dk;ZØe fodflr djus dk dk;Z dj jgs gSaA lhek ij ds {ks=ksa ds ;qokvksa ,oa m|fe;ksa ds l”kfDrdj.k] igy djus rFkk ;ksX;rk iznku djus ds fy, ^^[kk| pØ vdkneh** ,d dsUnz gksxk vkSj orZeku O;olk; izf”k{k.k LFkyksa ,oa mnkgj.kksa ds :i esa dk;Z djsaxs tgka ;qok m|eh ;g lh[k ldsaxs fd fdl izdkj os Lo;a dk vkSj vius {ks= dk Hkfo"; LFkkbZ dj ldrs gSaA ;g vdkneh iwjs fo”o esa lhek ij ds {ks=ksa esa LFkkbZ {ks=h; [kk| pØksa ds xBu dks lg;ksx iznku djus gsrq v/;;u dk;ZØe izLrqr dj jgh gSA

i`"B 6 dk 'ks"k Hkkx------

ifj.kke ebZ&twu] 2014 esa fy;s x;s e`nk uewukas ds ifj.kke ;g iznf”kZr djrs gSa fd feV~Vh esa tSfod dkcZu dh ek=k c<+h gS vkSj fiNys o"kZ] 2013 esa 0-354 izfr”kr dh rqyuk esa vc ;g c<d + j 0-457 ifzr”kr gks x;k gAS feVV~h eas tfSod dkcuZ dh ek=k c<u+s ls vU; cgrq ls ykHk Hkh gAaS fo”k"skdj oehZ dEiksLV dk iz;ksx djus ls e`nk moZjrk Hkh c<+h gSA os efgyk,a tks viuh iks"k.k okfVdk esa oehZ dEiksLV dk mi;ksx dj jgh gSa] mUgsa Hkh vPNh mit izkIr gks jgh gSA ,d vuqeku ds eqrkfcd yxHkx 6 eghuksa esa 500 fdxzk0 ls vf/kd lfCt+;ka mRikfnr dh x;haA ifj;kstuk ds ,d o"kZ ds vuqHko ;g iznf”kZr djrs gSa fd ;fn gesa mit dks c<+kuk gS rks e`nk LokLF; dks mUur djuk gksxkA ftls fdlku dqN fuf”pr xfrfof/k;ka viukdj iwjk dj ldrk gS vkSj ;fn ;s xfrfof/k;ka lgHkkxh rjhds ls dh tk;sa rks vkSj rsth ls blds ifj.kke feyrs gSaA

ÂéL¤cææðžæ× Áæ¢ç»Ç¸U, ×æðÙê ·ð¤ ÚUæÆUæñÚU ÚUÙßèÚU, °â àæ€ÌæßÌ °ß¢ ßè ¹ÅUæÙæ …ß槇ÅU §ÙèçàæØðçÅUß È¤æÚU çßÂðÁ ÇðUßÜÂ×ð‡ÅU (Áèßæ) ÚðUÜ×»ÚUæ, çÁÜæ- ÚUæÁâ׋Î, ÚUæÁSÍæÙ §ü-×ðÜ Ñ vkhatana@PYXERAGlobal.org

Soil for life LEISA INDIA, Vol. 17, No.1, March 2015

ÌéÜâè ç»ÚUèU âè§ü¥æð, ÇUðUßÜÂ×ð‡ÅU ßæðØðÁ Âæð¹ÚUæ- v|, ·¤æS·¤è, ÙðÂæÜ §ü-×ðÜ Ñ giritulsi@@gmail.com

Rural-urban linkages LEISA INDIA, Vol. 17, No.2, June 2015

ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚU w®v{ 11


UÁÕ ç×Å÷UÅUè ÕæðÜè Âýæð0 °×0 ×ãUæÎðߌÂæ esjk vki lcls ?kjsyw lEcU/k gSA vius tUe ls ysdj e`R;q rd yksx izfrfnu eq>s ns[krs gSaA ckotwn blds cgqr de gh ,sls yksx gSa] tks eq>s cgqr vPNh rjg ls tkurs gSaA vf/kdka”k yksx rks eq>s ,d futhZo oLrq ds rkSj ij ns[krs gSaA os u dsoy eq>s xyr le>rs gSa fd esjs vUnj thou ugha gS] oju~ os nwljksa dks viekfur djus ds fy, esjs uke dk mi;ksx Hkh djrs gSaA buesa ls dqN ;gka mnkgj.k& Lo:i izLrqr gSa & os dgrs gSa] rqe D;k tkuks feV~Vh ds ek/kks] eUuw vkfnA os esjs Åij rjg rjg ds gfFk;kjksa ls Bksadrs gSa] /kekds djrs gSa] [kqnkbZ djrs gSa] eq>s dkVrs gSa] esjs Åij Nsn djrs gSa] eq>s jxM+rs gSa] eq>s xhyk djds cka/krs gSa] eq>s pwjk cukrs gSa] esjk pwYgk cukdj ml ij [kkuk cukrs gSa] eq>s ikuh esa j[krs gSa] eq>s bZaV esa cny nsrs gSa vkSj n”kdksa&”krdksa rd eq>s ,d gh LFkku ij j[krs gSaA tc os yksx ;g lc djrs gSa rks os ;g le>rs gSa fd esjs vUnj dksbZ thou ugha gSA ysfdu lPpkbZ rks ;g gS fd eSa futhZo ugha gwaA eSa ftUnk gwa vkSj ges”kk thou ls Hkjiwj gwaA D;k rqEgsa mu fe=ksa vkSj fj”rsnkjksa ds ckjs esa tkudj vk”p;Z ugha gksxk] tks n”kdksa ,oa “krkfCn;ksa ckn rd Hkh eq>s ejus ugha nsaxs\ ;g mu yksxksa ls ifjfpr gksus dk csgrj volj gSA lw;Z vkSj pUnzek] gok] ikuh] [kkn feV~Vh] lHkh rjg dh ouLifr;ka ,oa euq"; lfgr lEiw.kZ izk.kh txr esjs lcls utnhdh tku&igpku okys gSa] tks eq>s Hkh vPNh rjg tkurs gSaA euq";ksa dks NksM+dj ouLifr;ka ,oa izk.kh txr dh lHkh iztkfr;ka LokFkhZ ugha gSaA os eq>ls fcuk dksbZ vis{kk fd;s esjh lkjh t:jrksa dks iwjk djrh gSaA la{ksi esa ;g dguk lgh gS fd ekuo tfur fuekZ.kksa dks NksM+dj lHkh izdkj ds nq[kksa dk bykt esjs }kjk fd;k tkrk gSA tc euq"; tkurs gq, ;k vutkus esa feV~Vh dks fuxyus dk jkLrk viuk jgk gS rks blls esjs “kqHkfpUrdkas] eq>ls viuh vkthfodk pykus okyksa] esjs fodkl] esjs fe=ksa dh pje izxfr] mudh clkgV vkfn lHkh ij foijhr izHkko iM+ jgk gSA eSa detksj gksrh tk jgh gwa] euq"; Hkh xjhc ls xjhc gksrk tk jgk gS rFkk i”kqvksa ij Hkh xaHkhj nq"izHkko iM+ jgk gSA bl i`Foh ij l`f"V dk mn; gksus ds le; ls gh ouLifr;ksa] izk.kh txr rFkk

12 ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚUU w®v{

l`f"V ds chp vkilh ysu&nsu gksus ls lHkh ,d nwljs dh ekaxksa dks lkSgknzZiw.kZ okrkoj.k esa iwjk djrs FksA dsoy euq"; gh bl ijEijk ls ckgj vk;kA eSa Hkh vius nwljs fe=ksa ls feyus ds fy, mRlqd gwaA vr% bl eqn~ns ij ckn esa ppkZ djsaxsA

lw;Z esjh l`f"V] esjk vfLrRo] fodkl] esjh ouLifr;ksa ,oa izk.kh txr ds tula[;k o`f) ,oa lkewfgd fodkl ds fy, vko”;d vkn”kZ rkieku] ;s lHkh lw;Z ij fuHkZj djrs gSaA fof”k"V thoksa ds fy, vko”;d vyx&vyx rkieku dks miyC/k djkus ds vfrfjDr] eq>s feyus okyh fdj.ksa ,oa izdk”k] lHkh dqN lw;Z ds Åij fuHkZj djrk gSA lw;Z eq>ls iqjkuk gS vkSj ;g iwjs fo”o dks va/ksjs ls eqDr j[kus ds fy, izdk”k fc[ksjrk gS vkSj lw;Z dh lcls vf/kd /kkfeZd ekU;rk Hkh gSA og tkurk gS fd flQZ fnu ;k dsoy jkr gksuk [krjukd gksrk gSA vr% og ,d fnu ds vk/ks le; esa Nqik jgrk gS vkSj fQj ls mx tkrk gSA D;k izfrfnu mxus dk mldk fu/kkZfjr dk;ZØe ugha gS vkSj og ,d tSlk gh ges”kk D;ksa yxrk gS\ vkfn iz”uksa ls cpus ds fy, dHkh&dHkh cknykas ds ihNs Nqi tkrk gS vkSj pUnzek gekjs vkSj mlds vk tkrk gSA bl ?kVuk dks gh pUnz ;k lw;Z xzg.k dgrs gSaA ;g n`”; cgqr vewY; gksrk gSA ,d lw;Z ;k pUnz xzg.k dks i`Foh ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa ij fofHkUu rjhds ls ns[kk tkrk gS ftlds oSKkfud igyw ls ekuo ifjfpr gksuk pkgrk gSA i`Foh ij fo|eku l`f"V dks Nk;k iznku djus ds fy, viuh Lo;a dh “kfDr rFkk leqnz ,oa egklkxjksa ds ty ds lg;ksx ls ;g cknyksa dk fuekZ.k djrk gS] i`Foh ij o'kkZ djrk] i`Foh dks ty ls ugykrk gS] e`nk dh moZjrk dks c<+krk gS vkSj lHkh izk.kh txr dks thfor j[kus rFkk o`f) esa lg;ksx djrk gSA bl izkÑfrd ?kVuk dh fo”ks"kKrk ds vfrfjDr mldk vius nksLr pUnzek ds lkFk ,d le>kSrk ds rgr~ pUnzek lw;Z dh ped ds cxSj i`Foh dks jkS”ku djrk gS] ftlls uo fookfgr tksM+ksa rFkk ;kf=;ksa ds fy, ,d fo”ks"k okrkoj.k dk fuekZ.k gksrk gSA bl fØ;k ds ek/;e ls jkr dk lrr~ va/ksjk nwj gksrk gSA pUnzek vius Lo;a ds izdk”k ls i`Foh ij “khry pkanuh dk foLrkj djrk gS] tks izdk”k dk lzksr gksrk gSA ;fn pUnzek dk izdk”k Hkh lw;Z ds izdk”k tSlk gh gksrk rks mldh egRrk ,oa vkd"kZ.k [kRe gks tkrk gSA blfy,


pUnzek dks Nk;k iznku djus okys cknyksa dh enn ls og gesa pUnzek ds izdk”k dh egÙkk dks eglwl djkrk gSA

rS;kj dj fn;k tkrk gSA ty dk iz;ksx dj euq"; lHkh izdkj dh Qlysa mxkrk gSA

pUnzek vkSj rkjs

euq";] tkuoj] ikS/ks] lw{e thok.kq lHkh esjs cPps gSaA buesa lcls vf/kd LokFkhZ cPps euq"; gSaA fQj Hkh cPps rks cPps gh gksrs gSaA eSa fcuk ukjkt gq, vius lHkh cPpksa dks lHkh lqfo/kk,a miyC/k djkrh gwaA fQj Hkh muesa ls dqN cgqr gh ladqfpr izÑfr ds gksrs gSaA os lkjk ykHk Lo;a ys ysuk pkgrs gSa] vkSj viuh LokFkhZ izo`fÙk ds pyrs mls xqIr j[krs gq, esjs vcks/k cPpksa ds fy, leL;k dk dkj.k curs gSaA euq";ksa dks NksM+dj vU; lHkh izk.kh txr eq>s lqj{kk iznku djrs gSa] vkilh le>&cw> ds lkFk jgrs gSaA ;fn Hkwfexr ty ds :i esa ty dh miyC/krk ugha jgrh rks ;gka dqN Hkh ugha jgsxkA dksbZ Hkh izk.kh ;gka ftUnk ugha cpsxkA ;g nqHkkZX; gh gS fd ekStwnk ty ds egRo dks u le>rs gq, bl le; ty dk nksgu rsth ls gks jgk gS vkSj ;g vius fupys Lrj ij igqap x;h gSA ;fn ty dk mi;ksx oSKkfud vkSj cqf)eÙkkiw.kZ rjhds ls fd;k x;k rks i`Foh ij thou vklku ,oa dfBukbZ eqDr gksxkA

eSaus vius nwljs fe= pUnzek ds ckjs esa igys gh Åij crk fn;k gSA lw;Z vkSj pUnzek fo”o dh nks egku gfLr;ka gSaA fcuk ,d&nwljs dh lgHkkfxrk ds buesa ls dksbZ Hkh vdsys dqN ugha dj ldrk gSA gekjs lkFk fo|eku jgus okys ;s pedrs vkSj fVefVekrs rkjs vka[kksa vkSj efLr"d dks okLrfod vkuUn dh vuqHkwfr djkrs gSaA dHkh&dHkh ,slk yxrk gS fd ;s rkjs tehu ij fxj tk;saxs vkSj ekuo txr rFkk mlesa fuokl djus okys vU; lHkh thoksa dks tyk Mkysaxs] ysfdu ,slk gksrk ugha vkSj os rqjUr fNi tkrs gSaA budks ns[kus dk dksbZ fVdV ugha yxrkA ,slk yxrk gS fd ;fn rkjs ges'kk blh rjg fn[krs jgs rks mudk egRo de gks tk;sxk] blfy, os dHkh&dHkh cknyksa ds ihNs Nqi tkrs gSaA gkykafd os cgqr cM+h la[;k esa gSa] fQj Hkh u rks dHkh os vkil esa yM+rs gSa vkSj u gh jktusrkvksa dh rjg viuk LFkku cnyrs gSaA chp&chp esa os /kzqo rkjs ds lkFk&lkFk euq";ksa dks fn”kk dk Hkh Kku djkrs gSaA

gok iwjh l`f"V ds fy, gok thou gSA izR;sd LFkku ij ik;h tkus okyh] ,d LFkku ls nwljs LFkku ij QSyus okyh rFkk uqdlkunk;d dwM+k&dpjk] /kwy vkfn vokafNr oLrqvksa ds fy, Hkh gok t:jh gSA gok rkieku dks ,d fuf”pr larqfyr Lrj rd ykrh gS vkSj lHkh thoksa dks xfr”khy cuk;s j[kus ds fy, okgd dk dke djrh gSA gok lHkh thoksa dh “okal gS] ftls thou dgrs gSaA gok ds cgqr ls egRoiw.kZ dk;Z gSa] tSls& ikWfyus”ku esa lg;ksx djuk] chtksa dks fc[ksjuk] okrkoj.k esa rkieku vkSj ueh dk larqyu cuk;s j[kuk] i;kZoj.k dks LoPN j[kuk vkfnA ges”kk cgus okyh gok bl ckr dh xokg gS fd ekuo txr ges”kk xfreku jgsxkA

ty ;fn esjk fe= ty ;gka ugha gksrk rks dksbZ Hkh ftUnk ugha cprkA ;fn eq>s ty ugha feyrk rks eSa Hkh catj gks tkrhA xaxk fcydqy esjs fudV ls gksdj cgrh gSA eSa mls bdV~Bk dj leqnz] egklkxj ,oa [kkM+h dk fuekZ.k djus ds lkFk gh lHkh izdkj ds NksVs ty lzksrksa tSls >hy] rkykc] dqavk vkfn dks cukrh gw¡A xaxk ds lkFk] eq>s feykdj lHkh rjg ds nsoh&nsorkvksa dh vkÑfr esa

MjHkk ?kkl i`Foh ij ik;s tkus okys vla[; ikS/ks eq>s lqj{kkRed dop iznku djus dk dk;Z djrs gSaA MjHkk ?kkl muesa ls ,d gS] ftls ge gfj;kyh ds uke ls Hkh tkurs gSaA ?kkl u gksus ls o"kkZ ds nkSjku esjh mijh ijr cg tkrh gSA e`nk {kj.k dks jksdus ds fy, ?kkl dh Hkwfedk dkQh egRoiw.kZ gksrh gSA ,sls cgqr de yksx gSa] tks e`nk moZjrk ,oa i;kZoj.k dh lqj{kk esa ?kklksa ds egRo dks tkurs gSaA i;kZoj.k dh lQkbZ ds uke ij “kgjh {ks=ksa esa lM+d ds fdukjs mxus okyh ?kklksa dks lkQ dj fn;k tkrk gSA bl dk;Z dks djus ls ckfj”k ds ty esa gekjh Åijh ijr cg tkrh gS vkSj gok ds ek/;e ls cgqr nwj rd pyh tkrh gS] ftlls gekjh moZjrk dk gzkl gksrk gSA ;g ,d voSKkfud rjhdk gSA yksxksa esa tkudkjh dk vHkko gksus ds dkj.k ,slk gSA tc vU; ikS/kksa dks gVk;k tk; rks Hkh ?kkl dks gVkus dh vko”;drk ugha gSA de ls de vkt ?kklksa dh egÙkk ,oa eq>s [kqjpus ij jksd yxkus tSls fo"k;ksa ij tkx:drk vfHk;ku pykuk cgqr mi;ksxh gksxkA dkSu gksxk] tks eq>s xgjs gjs jax dh ?kklksa ls <adk ugha ns[kuk pkgrk\ u dsoy ;gh] cfYd ?kkl dk mi;ksx nokvksa ds :i eas Hkh fd;k tkrk gS rFkk bls /kkfeZd voljksa ij iwtk ds nkSjku nsoh&nsorkvksa ij p<+k;k tkrk gSA bu lcds ckjs esa tkurs gq,] ;fn lHkh dks ,d&nwljs ds lkFk ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚU w®v{ 13


iuius dh lLaÑfr g]S rks ejss vkjS ?kkl lfgr lHkh ykx s il z Uu jgx as As

[kkn feV~Vh [kkn feV~Vh esjk ,d vkSj utnhdh fe= gSA blds egRo dks cgqr de yksx le>rs gSaA tks yksx bls vPNh rjg ugha tkurs gSa] os bldk leqfpr [;ky ugha j[krs] ftlls bldk gzkl gksrk gSA bls lqjf{kr j[krk rFkk c<+kuk cgqr gh vklku gSA blds lkFk gtkjksa lw{e thok.kq iuirs gSa vkSj eq>s moZjrk iznku djrs gSaA nwljs “kCnksa esa os eq>s le`) cukrs gSaA

esjh larkusa eSa viuh larkuksa ls cgqr I;kj djrh gwa] tks u dsoy vla[; gSa] oju~ muesa fofo/krk Hkh gS] ftls ,d vk”p;Z dgk tk ldrk gSA esjh larkuksa esa ,d rjQ rks lw{e thok.kq gSa] ftUgsa uaxh vka[kksa ls ugha ns[kk tk ldrk gS rks nwljh rjQ gkFkh tSls fo”kkydk; tho Hkh gSaA esjs ifjokj esa euq';ksa dks uqdlku igqapkus okys tho Hkh “kkfey gSaA dqN cgqr [krjukd ikS/ks tSls yUrkuk] izkslksfQl] miVksfj;k] vtkjVl vkfn gSa] tks cgqr lkyksa ls fo|eku gSaA ikap n”kdksa igys] ikFksZfu;e uked cgqr vkØked ,oa [krjukd ikS/kk ySfVu vesfjdk ls gekjs ns”k esa vk;kA fouk”kd dkaxzsl ?kkl uke ls izpfyr bl ?kkl esa ,d ikS/ks ls 15000 ls vf/kd ikS/ks rS;kj dh ,d {kerk gSA feV~Vh esa blds jl ds fey tkus ls ;g u dsoy vU; ikS/kksa dh c<+r dks jksdrh gS] oju~ ;g vU; nwljs ikS/kksa dks nckrh Hkh gSA blls euq";ksa dks ,ythZ gksrh gS vkSj ;g euq';ksa rFkk i”kqvksa esa dbZ chekfj;kas dk dkj.k curh gSA fQj Hkh ;g larks"ktud gS fd gekjh larkuksa esa ls dqN blds “k=q Hkh gSa] tks bl nq"V ?kkl dks fu;fU=r j[krs gSaA ysfdu euq";ksa dh mnklhurk dk gky rks ;g gS fd os blds ckjs esa fpfUrr gksus ds ctk; dqN vPNs ikS/kksa dks uqdlku igqapk jgs gSa vkSj ikFksZfu;e ikS/ks dks mxus o c<+us ds vuqdwy tyok;q o okrkoj.k iznku dj jgs gSaA lHkh ekrkvksa dh rjg eSa Hkh vius cPpksa ij cgqr /;ku nsrh gwa vkSj mUgsa thfor rFkk Qyrs& Qwyrs ns[kuk pkgrh gwaA

esjk LokLF; tc eSa ftUnk gwa rks ;g LokHkkfod gS fd eSa Hkh nwljksa dh rjg chekj iMwaxhA euq"; dh ykyph izo`fÙk ds pyrs rFkkdfFkr oSKkfud fof/k;ksa o jlk;uksa ds vR;f/kd mi;ksx ds ifj.kkeLo:i fpUrktud ifjfLFkfr;ka mRiUu gks x;h gSaA iks"k.k ,oa mldh lkefxz;ksa ds vHkko 14 ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚUU w®v{

ds dkj.k eq>s cgqr ijs”kkuh gks jgh gSA FkksM+k larks"k bl ckr dk gS fd vc yksx esjs Åij v/;;u dj jgs gSa rFkk esjh ifjfLFkfr tkuus ds fy, tkap djkus gsrq eq>s iz;ksx”kkyk esa Hkst jgs gSa vkSj NksVs Lrj ij gh lgh] ijUrq esjh ns[k&Hkky djuk izkjEHk dj fn;s gSa] ijUrq vHkh Hkh] ,sls yksxksa dh la[;k dkQh de gSA ,d larqf"Vtud Lrj rd esjk LokLF; cuk;s j[kus ds fy, 16 iks"kd rRoksa dh cgqr vko”;drk gksrh gSA esjh larkuksa esa vyx& vyx yksxksa ds fy, vyx&vyx ek=k esa iks"k.k dh vko”;drk gksrh gSA blfy, ;g cgqr vko”;d gS fd bu iks"k.kksa dks oSKkfud rjhds ls miyC/k djk;k tk;sA esjs Åij iSnk gksus okys thoksa] ouLifr;ksa dh o`f) dh xfr rFkk jax dks ns[kdj esjs LokLF; dk vUnktk vklkuh ls yxk;k tk ldrk gSA tks esjs LokLF; ds izfr /;ku nsrs gSa vkSj esjh ns[k&Hkky vPNh rjg ls djrs gSa] eSa vPNh mit rFkk ykHkizn Qly nsdj mu yksxksa dk lg;ksx djrh gwaA ;fn Ñf"k foKku dsUnz ,oa Ñf"k fo”o fo|ky;ksa rFkk ljdkjh Ñf"k foHkkxksa ds iz;ksx”kkyk esa tkap ds mijkUr fn;s x;s lq>koksa dks yksxkas }kjk viuk;k tk;s rks esjk thou vFkZiw.kZ gks tk;sxkA eSa mu yksxksa dks /kU;okn nsuk pkgwaxh] tks esjs “kqHkfpUrd gSa] esjh ns[k&js[k djrs gSa vkSj vokafNr yksxksa ls esjh lqj{kk djrs gSaA

,d fuosnu esjk ,d vuqjks/k Hkh gSA vHkh rd dksbZ Hkh ,slh lgh o ewY;oku iqLrd miyC/k ugha gS] tks yksxksa dks esjs ckjs esa vPNh rjg ls crk ldsA ehfM;k }kjk eq>s iwjh rjg ls misf{kr dj fn;k x;k gSA bl ns”k esa esjh mifLFkfr ek= Ldwyh fdrkcksa esa gSA izkFkfed vkSj ek/;fed Ldwyksa ds ikB~;Øe esa esjs vU; fe=ksa tSls i;kZoj.k ,oa esjh larkuksa ds ckjs esa ugh crk;k tkrk gSA blfy, ljdkj }kjk dqN oLrqvksa dh rjQ bfPNr /;ku u fn;s tkus rFkk mnklhurk cjrus ds dkj.k eSa nq[kh ,oa fujk”k gwaA

ÂýæðÈð¤âÚU °× ×ãUæÎðߌÂæ çÙÎðàæ·¤ (»ýæ×è‡æ çßÖæ») Áð0°â0°â0 ×ãUæçßlæÜØ ×ñâêÚU- z|®®®y LEISA INDIA Kannada, No.4, Dec. 2015


Uâæ×êçãU·¤ ÂýØæâæð´ âð ÜæÖ ¥çÁüÌ ·¤ÚUÙæ ÂýÎè ·é¤×æÚU Âæ‡ÇUæ vius mit vkSj vkenuh esa o`f) dks ns[krs gq, mn;iqj dh efgyk,a tSfod fof/k ls VekVj dh [ksrh djus yxh gSaA laxBu ,oa lkewfgdrk ls ykHkkfUor gksrh ;s efgyk,a vc mRiknu ls ysdj cktkj rd dh lHkh xfrfof/k;ksa dks laHkkyus esa l{ke gSaA iwjs fo”o esa Ñf"k esa efgyk,a egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkrh gSaA vkadM+s crkrs gSa fd iwjs fo”o esa 500 fefy;u y?kq lhekUr [ksfrgj ifjokj gSa vkSj 70 izfr”kr Ñf"k dk;Z efgykvksa }kjk lEiUu fd;s tkrs gSaA fo”o [kk| ,oa Ñf"k laxBu ds vuqlkj ;g Hkh Lohdkj fd;k tkrk gS fd ;fn mRiknd lalk/kuksa ds Åij efgykvksa dh igqap iq:"kksa ds cjkcj gks rks mRikndrk esa 30 izfr”kr rd o`f) ntZ dh tk ldrh gSA ,d rjQ iq:"k tgka vkfFkZd ykHk dsfUnzr [ksrh djrk gS] ogha efgykvksa dh dksf”k”k ;g gksrh gS fd ifjokj dks fofo/krkiw.kZ iks"k.k ,oa [kk| miyC/k gksA m|ksfxuh lewg vFkkZr~ ^^m|ksx esa efgyk** efgyk m|ksx ds {ks= esa o"kZ 1992 ls dke dj jgh gSA m|ksfxuh ls tqM+ko ds i”pkr~ 25000 [ksfrgj ifjokjksa ds thou ij izHkko iM+k gSA ;s ifjokj fofHkUu izdkj ds ewY; vk/kkfjr J`a[kyk tSls& lky dh ifÙk;ksa] yk[k] flYd] “kgn] ckal] egqvk] rqylh] VekVj] ljlksa] nygu] d<+kbZ] vxjcÙkh] nqX/k m|ksx] elkys] cdjh ikyu] vkHkw"k.k cukuk ,oa eqxhZ ikyu vkfn m|ksxksa ls tqM+dj dfBu foi.ku ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds ckotwn vius thou esa egRoiw.kZ cnyko yk;s gSaA orZeku esa] m|ksfxuh de vk; okys pkj jkT;ksa& >kj[k.M] e/; izns”k] jktLFkku ,oa mÙkjk[k.M esa dke dj jgh gSA

:fpdj VekVj dh [ksrh jktLFkku ds mn;iqj ftys esa fLFkr lkyqEcj o lkjnk fodkl [k.Mksa ds xkaoksa esa yxHkx 70 izfr”kr fdlku dqa, ls flapkbZ dj VekVj dh [ksrh djrs FksA bl {ks= esa ikuh dh cgqr deh gS vkSj fdlku o"kkZ u gksus ds lkFk & lkFk cktkj ds mrkj&p<+ko ds dkj.k cgqr dfBukbZ >syrs gSaA blds lkFk gh fdlkuksa }kjk Ñf"k dh n`f"V ls vuqfpr dqN xfrfof/k;ksa tSls& ikS/kksa ds chp esa de

iz{ks= ij lh[kuk

LFkku nsuk] jlk;uksa dk mPp mi;ksx vkSj twV ds cksjksa esa Hk.Mkj.k vkfn viukus ds dkj.k Hkh vf/kd uqdlku gksrk FkkA bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds pyrs] m|ksfxuh us bu xkaoksa esa gLr{ksi izkjEHk djus dk fu.kZ; fy;k vkSj csgrj mRiknu i)fr;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk izHkkoh vkiwfrZ J`a[kyk izcU/ku ds Åij efgykvksa dks izf”k{k.k fn;k x;kA o"kZ 2009 esa m|ksfxuh us lkyqEcj vkSj lkjnk fodkl [k.Mksa ds xkaoksa esa VekVj dh [ksrh eas layXu efgykvksa dh ,d cSBd djkbZ vkSj ,d DyLVj dk xBu fd;k] ftls lkewfgd :i ls mn;iqj dk VekVj DyLVj ds uke ls tkurs gSaA xzkeh.k O;kikj gc ifj;kstuk ds rgr~ lapkfyr ;g igy Hkkjr ljdkj ds iapk;rh jkt ea=ky; }kjk vuqnkfur gSA izkjEHk esa] lcls igys efgykvksa dks lewgksa esa laxfBr fd;k x;kA muds VekVj dh [ksrh dks mUur cukus ds fy,] mUgsa vPNk fu;kstu djus] Hk.Mkj.k rduhd vkSj ck;ks moZjdksa ds mi;ksx rFkk uhe vk/kkfjr ikS/k laj{k.k rduhdksa ds Åij mUgsa izf”kf{kr fd;k x;kA fdlkuksa dks 2014 esa xfBr t;leUn Ñf"k mRiknd dEiuh ds lkFk 1436 mRiknd tqM+s gSaA dEiuh dk izcU/ku 15 dk;Zdkjh lnL;ksa }kjk fd;k tkrk gS tks lHkh efgyk,a gSaA

ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚU w®v{ 15


VekVjksa dh LFkkbZ [ksrh ls Jherh QwyckbZ esa vc xkao esa gh jgus dk vkRefo”okl vk;k gSA tcfd muds ifjokj ds yksx vU; m|eksa esa yxs gq, gSaA jktLFkku ds mn;iqj ftys ds fyEckoyh xkao dh jgus okyh QwyckbZ ds 4 cPps gSa vkSj og la;qDr ifjokj esa jgrh gSaA og de mRiknu ,oa vf/kd uqqdlku dks lgrs gq, fiNys 10 o"kksZa ls lCt+h mRiknu djrh pyh vk jgh gSaA os dhVksa dks fu;af=r djus ds fy, vf/kd jlk;uksa dk fNM+dko djrh FkhaA QwyckbZ dk dguk gS & tc Qyksa ds uqdlku dk izfr 20 izfr”kr rd gksus yxk rc muds ifjokj us HkSal ikyu djus dh ckr lksphA yxHkx 5 o"kZ igys] QwyckbZ us m|ksfxuh }kjk vk;ksftr lCth mRiknu dk;ZØe esa Hkkx fy;kA o"kZ 2009 esa mUgksaus izf”k{k.k dk;Zdze esa Hkkx fy;k vkSj tSfod [ksrh vH;klksa dks viuk;kA mUgksaus dEiksLV [kkn rFkk oehZ dEiksLV [kkn cukuk izkjEHk fd;k] ftlls muds Qlyksa dks vf/kd ls vf/kd tSfod [kkn feyus yxkA bl rjhds ls mUgksaus jlk;fud moZjdksa ds mi;ksx dks ?kVk;kA vius [ksrksa esa dhVksa vkSj chekfj;ksa ds fu;U=.k gsrq mUgksaus ,d lIrkg esa rhu ckj uhe vk/kkfjr dhVuk”kdkas dk fNM+dko fd;kA 2 o"kZ chrus ds i”pkr~] VekVj dh mit esa 20 izfr”kr rd o`f) gqbZ vkSj mudh vkenuh 40 izfr”kr rd c<+hA vc muds mRikn t; leUn Ñf"k mRiknd dEiuh ds ek/;e ls cktkj esa vkus yxsA muds ifr us lCth dh [ksrh esa mudk lg;ksx djrs gq, muds dk;Zcks> dks ?kVk;kA mudh NksVh yM+dh futh fo|ky; esa i<+us tkus yxhA ;g lHkh dqN mudh vkenuh c<+us] ifjokj dk lg;ksx feyus rFkk t; leUn Ñf"k mRiknd dEiuh }kjk izkIr lg;ksx ls gh laHko gks ldkA

iafDr ls ikS/kjksi.k ds Åij izf”kf{kr djrs gq, crk;k x;k fd nks iafDr;ksa ds chp 2-5 QhV ls 3 QhV rFkk ,d ikS/k ls nwljs ikS/k ds chp de ls de 1-5 QhV dh nwjh j[kuh pkfg,A mUgsa twV dh cksjh ds ctk; dszVksa dk mi;ksx djus ij Hkh izf”kf{kr fd;k x;k vkSj mUgsa fu%”kqYd dszV Hkh iznku fd;k x;kA efgykvksa dks cf<+;k xq.koÙkk ds chtksa ds lkFk&lkFk tSo jlk;u miyC/k djk;s x;sA izf”kf{kr gksus ds ckn ;s efgyk fdlku tSfod fof/k ls [ksrh djus dh vksj izo`Ùk gq,A tSfod moZjd ,oa dhV uk”kd izcU/ku dk mi;ksx djrs gq, bu efgyk fdlkuksa dh jlk;uksa ij fuHkZjrk de gqbZ vkSj os viuh vk; dks nqxquk djus esa l{ke gqbZaA mRiknksa dks ØsV~l esa Hk.Mkfjr djus ds dkj.k Qyksa dk uqdlku Hkh de gqvk] tcfd igys ;g uqdlku 15 izfr”kr ls Hkh vf/kd FkkA blls mUgsa vius mRiknksa dk tSfod fof/k ls lfCt+;k¡ mxkrh QwyckbZ

vPNk nke ugha fey ikrk FkkA tc os mRikfnr Qykaas dks ØsV esa j[kus yxha rks mUgsa izfr fØxk0 :0 8-00 dh nj ls nke feyus yxk] tcfd igys tc os twV ds cksjs esa j[kdj cktkj ys tkrh Fkha rks izfr fdxzk0 :0 6-00 dh nj ls gh nke feyrk FkkA o"kZ 2014 esa xfBr t; leUn Ñf"k mRiknd dEiuh ds lkFk orZeku esa 1436 mRiknd tqM+s gq, gSaA dEiuh esa 15 dk;Zdkjh lnL; gSa] tks lHkh efgyk,a gSaA

,d mRiknd dEiuh dk xBu ,d yk[k :0 dh iwath ds lkFk fdlkuksa ds LokfeRo ,oa izcU/ku okyh t; leUn Ñf"k mRiknu dEiuh dks ekpZ 2014 esa LFkkfir fd;k x;kA tYn gh] blls 1436 mRiknd tqM+ x;sA dEiuh dk izcU/ku 15 cksMZ lnL;ksa }kjk fd;k tkrk gS vkSj ;s lHkh efgyk,a gSaA dEiuh dks rhu o"kksZa rd izcfU/kr djus o lqpk: :i ls pykus ds fy, :0 8-4 yk[k dh foÙkh; lgk;rk ukckMZ ls iznku dh x;hA ,d ckj tc dEiuh dk xBu gks x;k] rc fofHkUu DyLVj xfBr fd;s x;s vkSj cM+s iSekus ij cktkjksa esa fcØh ds fy, fof”k"V LFkkuksa ls mRiknksa dks mBk;k tkus yxkA efgyk,a izf”k{k.k nsus] mRiknksa dk lgh rkSy djus] chtksa ,oa midj.kksa dh O;oLFkk djus lfgr dEiuh dk izcU/ku dj jgh FkhaA cgqr de ek=k esa gh lgh] ysfdu dEiuh dqN efgyk fdlkuksa dks lCt+h mRiknu ds vfrfjDr nygu ,oa vukt ds foi.ku esa Hkh lg;ksx dj jgh gSA

16 ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚUU w®v{


Hkfo"; esa] dEiuh dh ;kstuk ewY; lao/kZu djrs gq, cM+s iSekus ij lHkh lfCt+;ksa ds foi.ku esa lg;ksx iznku djus dh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy,] dsp&vi ,oa twl vkfn cukukA blds vykok ;g Hkh eglwl fd;k tk jgk gS fd nwljs cktkjksa eas mRiknksa dks cspuk cgqr vklku ugha gS vkSj ,d LFkku ls nwljs LFkku rd mRiknksa dks ys tkus dh ykxr Hkh cgqr vkrh gSA dEiuh dh Hkfo"; dh ;kstuk esa izlaLdj.k O;kikj dks c<+kuk Hkh “kkfey gSA ;|fi fd vHkh izkjEHk esa ;g iz;kl lQy ugha jgk gSA

izHkko efgykvksa ds bl l?ku igy ls leqnk;ksa dks dbZ Qk;ns gks jgs gSaA efgyk,a vc mRiknu ls ysdj foi.ku izcU/ku rd dh lHkh xfrfof/k;ksa dks Lo;a ls lapkfyr djus esa l{ke gSaA bl izfØ;k ds dkj.k] fo”ks"kdj ^^rduhdh Kku** vftZr djus ds ckn efgykvksa dh vius ifjokj ,oa leqnk; esa ,d igpku feyh gS vkSj mudh vk; eas o`f) gqbZ gSA dqN iq:"k rks ;g Hkh dgrs gSa fd ^^vc mudh vkenuh ds lzksr c<+s gSa] Ñf"kxr dk;ksZa esa mudh layXurk de gqbZ gS] ftl dkj.k os vU; dk;ksaZ dks djus esa l{ke gq, gSaA** 5 & 13 Qjojh] 2015 rd vk;ksftr ,d v/;;u esa] efgykvksa us viuh laokn {kerk dks iznf”kZr fd;k vkSj fcuk fdlh ckgjh enn ds os vius fopkjksa dks os etcwrh ls j[kus esa l{ke gqbZaA rFkkfi vHkh Hkh tyok;q ifjorZu ds dkj.k mRiUu fo"ke ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa dhVksa ,oa chekfj;ksa ds c<+rs izdksi ls ikj ikuk ,d pqukSrh cuh gqbZ gSA efgyk,a bu pqukSfr;ksa dks Lohdkj dj jgh gSa vkSj budk etcwrh ls lkeuk djus gsrq rS;kj gSaA ÂýÎè ·é¤×æÚU Âæ‡ÇUæ ×ñÙðÁÚU- ·¤æØü·ý¤× ÂýÕ‹ÏÙ Âý‡ææÜè ©Ulæðç»Ùè x-Õè, çmÌèØ ÌÜ, ¥ÁéüÙè Ù»ÚU, Ù§ü çÎËÜè- vv®®w~ ßðÕ âæ§üÅU Ñ www.udyogini.org §ü-×ðÜ Ñ pradeep.udyogini@gmail.com

Women forging change LEISA INDIA, Vol. 17, No.4, Dec. 2015

Issues and Themes of LEISA INDIA Published in English 1999-2015 V.1, No. 1, 1999 - Markets for LEISA and Organic products V.1, No. 2, 1999 - Stakeholders in Research V.1, No. 3, 1999 - Restoring biodiversity V.2, No. 1, 2000 - Desertification V.2, No. 2, 2000 - Farmer innovations V.2, No. 3, 2000 - Farming in the forest V.2, No. 4, 2000 - Monocultures towards sustainability V.3, No. 1, 2001 - Coping with disaster V.3, No. 2, 2001 - Go global stay local V.3, No. 3, 2001 - Lessons in scaling up V.3, No. 4, 2001 - Biotechnology V.4, No. 1, 2002 Managing Livestock V.4, No. 2, 2002 - Rural Communication V.4, No. 3, 2002 - Recreating living soil V.4, No. 4, 2002 - Women in agriculture V.5, No. 1, 2003 - Farmers Field School V.5, No. 2, 2003 - Ways of water harvesting V.5, No. 3, 2003 - Access to resources V.5, No. 4, 2003 - Reversing Degradation V.6, No. 1, 2004 - Valuing crop diversity V.6, No. 2, 2004 - New generation of farmers V.6, No. 3, 2004 - Post harvest Management V.6, No. 4, 2004 - Farming with nature V.7, No. 1, 2005 - On Farm Energy V.7, No. 2, 2005 - More than Money V.7, No. 3, 2005 - Contribution of Small Animals V.7, No. 4, 2005 - Towards Policy Change V.8, No. 1, 2006 - Documentation for Change V.8, No. 2, 2006 - Changing Farming Practices V.8, No. 3, 2006 - Knowledge Building Processes V.8, No. 4, 2006 - Nurturing Ecological Processes V.9, No. 1, 2007 - Farmers Coming together V.9, No. 2, 2007 - Securing Seed Supply V.9, No. 3, 2007 - Healthy Produce, People and Environment V.9, No. 4, 2007 - Ecological Pest Management V.10, No. 1, 2008 -Towards Fairer Trade V.10. No. 2, 2008 - Living soils V.10, No. 3, 2008 - Farming and Social Inclusion V.10, No. 4, 2008 - Dealing with Climate Change V.11, No. 1, 2009 - Farming Diversity V.11, No. 2, 2009 - Farmers as Entrepreneurs V.11, No. 3, 2009 - Women and Food Sovereignty V.11, No. 4, 2009 - Scaling up and sustaining the gains V.12, No.1, 2010 - Livestock for sustainable livelihoods V.12, No.2, 2010 - Finance for farming V.12, No.3, 2010 - Managing water for sustainable farming V.13, No.1, 2011 - Youth in farming V.13, No.2, 2011 - Trees and farming V.13, No.3, 2011 - Regional Food System V.13, No.4, 2011 - Securing Land Rights V.14, No.1, 2012 - Insects as Allies V.14, No.2, 2012 - Greening the Economy V.14, No.3, 2012- Farmer Organisations V. 14, No.4, 2012- Combating Desertification V. 15, No.1, 2013- SRI: A scaling up success V. 15, No.2, 2013- Farmers and market V. 15, No.3, 2013- Education for change V. 15, No.4, 2013- Strengthening family farming V. 16, No. 1, 2014- Cultivating farm biodiversity V. 16, No. 2, 2014- Family farmers breaking out of poverty V. 16, No. 3, 2014- Family farmers and sustainable landscapes V. 16, No. 4, 2014- Family farming and nutrition V. 17, No. 1, 2015- Soils for life V. 17, No. 2, 2015- Rural-urban linkages V. 17, No. 3, 2015- Water-lifeline for livelihoods V. 17, No. 4, 2015- Women forging change

ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚU w®v{ 17


SÍæ§ü °ß¢ ¥Ùé·ê¤çÜÌ æðÌè ×çãUÜæ¥æð´ ·ð¤ âæ×êçãU·¤ ÂýØæâ lkewfgd [ksrh esa dke djrh ,d lnL;

U

àæèÜê Èý¤æ¢çâ⠰ߢ âæÚUæ ·¤æÜç×Øâ efgyk fdlkuksa ds ikl ges'kk ls gh [ksrh djus dh l'kDr {kerk gS] ysfdu mUgsa gkf'k;s ij j[kk tkrk gSA rfeyukMq esa efgyk laxBuksa us vius ,d yk[k lnL;ksa ds lkFk feydj efgyk fdlkuksa }kjk [ksrh esa fd;s tkus okys dk;ksZa dks igpku fnykus] ikfjfLFkfrdh Ñf"k lEcfU/kr xfrfof/k;ksa dks viukus rFkk [ksrksa dks uqdlkunk;d jlk;uksa ls lqjf{kr djus dk lQy iz;kl fd;k gSA gkykafd xzkeh.k {ks=ksa dh cgqr lh efgyk,a [ksrh dk lkjk dke djrh gSa] ysfdu mUgsa fdlku ds rkSj ij ekU;rk ugha izkIr gSA rfeyukMq esa] efgykvksa dk Hkwfe ij LokfeRo iq:"kksa ds cjkcj u gksus ds dkj.k Ñf"kxr fuos”k ,oa iwath rd mudh igq¡p ugha gks ikrh] mudh LorU=rk izHkkfor gksrh gS vkSj mudk lkekftd Lrj nks;e ntsZ dk gksrk gSA bUgha foijhr ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa] o"kZ 1994 esa nfyr [ksfrgj efgykvksa dk efgyk lewg cukdj dke djuk izkjEHk fd;k x;kA gkykafd lewg dh “kq:vkr rks LokLF; ds 18 ÜèÊææ §ç‡ÇUØæ, çßàæðá çãU‹Îè â¢S·¤ÚU‡æ, çâ̐ÕÚUU w®v{

eqn~ns dks ysdj dh x;h] ijUrq tYn gh lewg ds mn~ns”;ksa esa [kk| lqj{kk ,oa ikfjokfjd LokLF; ds eqn~nksa dks izeq[krk ls “kkfey dj fy;k x;kA lewg ds fy,] ikfjfLFkfrdh Ñf"k dk eryc LFkkuh; lUnHkZ esa mi;qDr ikjEifjd LFkkbZ ,oa vuqdwfyr [ksrh xfrfof/k;ka FkhaA efgyk lewgksa dh lnL;ksa dks ikS/k laj{k.k ,oa tSfod moZjdksa dks rS;kj djus ij izf”kf{kr fd;k x;kA mUgksaus ckgjh fuos”kksa ij viuh fuHkZjrk de djus rFkk Ñf"k esa gksus okys [kpksZa dks ?kVkus ds fy, LFkkuh; rkSj ij miyC/k lalk/kuksa tSls xk; dk xkscj] xk; dk ew=] nw/k vkfn dk mi;ksx djuk lh[kkA ;|fi fd blls mudk dke de ugha gqvk] ijUrq ikfjfLFkfrdh Ñf"kxr xfrfof/k;ksa dks viukus ls fuf”pr rkSj ij [ksrh esa yxus okyk [kpZ de gqvk] ifjokj dk LokLF; Lrj c<+k vkSj ikfjokfjd [kk| lqj{kk c<+hA lewg ds lnL; ,dy [ksrh ds LFkku ij fefJr [ksrh viukus dks mRlqd gq,] ftlls tSo fofo/krk dh izkÑfrd i;kZoj.kh; iz.kkyh etcwr gqbZ] tks e`nk vkSj Qly nksuksa ds fy, csgrj FkkA efgyk fdlkuksa us eq[;


Hindi - Sept 2016  

Sept 2016

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